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Area Wage Survey
o

The Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, PennsylvaniaNew Jersey, Metropolitan Area
February 1967

B u lle tin N o. 1 5 3 0 -5 3




BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS




Area Wage Survey
The Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, PennsylvaniaNew Jersey, Metropolitan Area




February 1967

Bulletin No. 1530-53
May 1967

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Arthur M. Ross, Commissioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 25 cents




P refa ce

C ontents
Page

The Bureau of Labor Statistics pr o gr am of annual
occupational wage s u r v e y s in metropo litan a reas is d e ­
signed to provide data on occupational earnings, and e s t a b ­
lish m en t p r a c t i c e s and supp lementary wage provision s. It
yie ld s detailed data by s elected industry divisions for each
of the a re a s studied, for geographic reg io ns, and for the
United States.
A m a j o r consideration in the pr o g r a m is
the need for g r e a t e r insight into (1) the m ov em en t of wages
by occupational c a t e g o r y and skill le vel, and (2) the s t r u c ­
ture and le ve l of w a g es among areas and industry divisio ns.
At the end of each survey, an individual area b u l­
letin p r e s e n ts s u r v e y res u lts for each area studied. After
com p le tion of all of the individual area bulletins for a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o -p a r t s u m m a r y bulletin is is sued.
The f i r s t part b rin g s data for each of the metropo litan
a re a s studied into one bulletin. The second part presents
in fo rm ation which has been projected fr o m individual m e t ­
ropolitan area data to relate to geographic regions and the
United States.

Introduction________________________________________________________________________
W age trends for selected occupational gro u p s______________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A.

E s ta b lis h m en ts and w o r k er s within scope of survey and
number studied__________________________________________________________
Indexes of standard week ly s a la r ie s and s t ra ig h t -t im e
hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, and
pe rcents of change fo r sel ected p e r i o d s ___________________________
Occupational ea rnings: *
A - 1. Office occupations— en and wom en___________________________
m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and technical occupations—m en and w o m e n . .
A - 3 . O ffic e , p r o fe s s i o n a l, and technical occupations—
m en and w om en c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A - 4 V Maintenance and powerplant occupations_____________________
A - 5 . Custodial and m a t e r i a l m ov em en t o cc u p a t io n s_____________

Appendix.

Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

E i g h t y - s i x a re a s currently are included in the
p r o g r a m . Inform atio n on occupational earnings is collected
annually in each a re a. Information on est ablishm en t p r a c ­
tic e s and su pp lem e n ta ry wage provision s is obtained b i e n ­
nially in m o s t of the a r e a s .
This bulletin prese n ts result s of the survey in
Allentow n—B eth le h em —E a s to n , P a . — . J . , in F eb r u ar y 1967.
N
The Standard M e tropolita n Statistical A r ea , as defined by
the Bureau of the Budget through April 1966, c o n s is ts of
Lehigh and North am pton C ounties, P a .; and W a r r e n County,
N .J .
Th is study wa s conducted by the Bureau’ s regional
office in New Y o r k , N . Y . , H erb ert Bienstock, D ir e c t o r ;
by R obert M. Fin dla y, under the direction of Thom as N.
Wakin.
The study was under the gen eral direction of
F r e d e r i c k W. M u e l l e r , A s s is t a n t Regional D ir e c t o r for
W a g e s and Industrial Relations.




1
3

areas.

m

* N O T E : Sim ila r tabulations are available for other
(See inside back c o v e r . )

2

3

5
7
8
9
10
13




Area W age Survey----The Allentown—Bethlehem—Easton, Pa.—N.J., Metropolitan Area
Introduction
Occupational em plo ym ent and earnings data are shown for
fu l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , those hired to work a regular weekly schedule
in the given occupational c la s s ific a t io n .
Earnings data exclude p r e ­
m iu m pay for o v er tim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but c o s t - o f -l iv i n g
bonuses and incentive earnings are included. Where weekly hours are
reporte d, as for office c l e r i c a l occupations, referen c e is to the stand­
ard workweek (rounded to the n ea re s t half hour) for which employee s
r ec eiv e their regular s t r a i g h t -t i m e s a la r i e s (exclusiv e of pay for
over tim e at regular a n d /or pr em iu m rates). A v er ag e weekly earnings
for these occupations have been rounded to the n earest half dollar.

This area is 1 of 86 in which the U.S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
Bureau of La bor Sta tistic s conducts surveys of occupational earnings
and rela te d ben ef its on an areawide b a s i s .
This bulletin presents current occupational employment and
earnings info rm ation obtained la rgely by m ail fr o m the establishments
visited by Bureau field econom ists in the last prev ious survey for
occupations reporte d in that ea rlier study. P erson al visits were made
to nonrespondents and to those respondents reporting unusual changes
since the prev ious su rvey.
In each a re a , data are obtained from r epresen ta tiv e e s t a b ­
lish m en ts within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; t r a n s ­
portation, c om m u n ica tio n , and other public utilities; w h ole sale trade;
retail trade; finance, insura nce, and rea l estate; and s e r v i c e s .
Major
industry groups excluded fr om these studies are government o p e r a ­
tions and the construction and extractive industries.
Establishm ents
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d number of workers are omitted because
they tend to furnish insufficient employment in the occupations studied
to warra nt inclusion. Separate tabulations are provided for each of the
broad industry divisio ns which meet publication c r it e r i a .

The avera ges presented reflec t c om p os ite, areawide e s t i ­
mates.
Industries and esta blis h m en ts differ in pay level and job
staffing and, thus, -contribute diffe rently to the e stim ates for each job.
The pay relationship obtainable f r o m the averages m ay fail to reflect
accuratel y the wage spread or diffe rential maintained among jobs in
individual es ta blis h m en ts . S i m i la r l y , diffe re n ce s in average pay levels
for men and women in any of the selected occupations should not be
assum e d to reflec t diffe re n ce s in pay tre atment of the sexes within
individual e sta blish m en ts. Other p o ssible fa cto rs which may contrib ­
ute to diffe re n ce s in pay for men and women include: Diffe re nces in
p r o g r e s s io n within established rate r an g es, since only the actual rates
paid incumbents are c olle cted ; and diffe re n ce s in specific duties p e r ­
fo r m e d , although the w o r k er s are approp riately cla s s ified within the
s a m e survey job description.
Job description s used in class ifying e m ­
ployees in these su rveys are usually m o r e generaliz ed than those used
in individual establis h m en ts and allow for minor diffe re nce s among
es tablis h m en ts in the spe cific duties p e rfo r m ed .

T h e s e s u rvey s are conducted on a sample basis because of
the u n n e c e s s a r y cost involved in surveying all e sta blish m en ts.
To
obtain optim um a cc u r a c y at minim um cost, a g re a ter proportion of
la rge than of s m a l l establishm ents is studied. In combining the data,
how ever, all esta blish m en ts are given their appropriate weight.
Es­
tim a te s b ase d on the establishm en ts studied are presente d, th erefo re,
as relating to all establis hm ents in the industry grouping and area,
except for those below the m inimum size studied.

Occupational em plo ym ent e stim ates r epresen t the total in all
es tablis h m en ts within the scope of the study and not the number a c ­
tually surveyed .
B ec a u se of diffe re n ce s in occupational structure
among es ta b lis h m en ts , the e s tim ates of occupational employment o b ­
tained fr o m the sa m p le of establis h m en ts studied se r v e only to indicate
the relative im portan ce of the jobs studied. These diffe re nces in o c c u ­
pational structure do not m a t e r i a lly affect the a ccu racy of the e a r n ­
ings data.

Occupations and Earnings
The occupations selected for study are c om m o n to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing indust ries, and are of the fo llow ­
ing typ es: ( l ) Off ice c le r i c a l ; (2) p ro fessio n al and technical; (3) m a i n ­
tenance and powerplant; and (4) custodial and m aterial m o v em en t. O c ­
cupational c la s s if i c a t i o n is based on a uniform set of job descriptions
designed to take account of inte restablishment variation in duties within
the s a m e jo b . The occupations sel ected for study a r e list ed and d e ­
s c r ib ed in the appendix. The earnings data following the job titles are
for all i n du stries com bined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and d e s c r i b e d , or for some industry divisions within occupations,
a re not p rese n te d in the A - s e r i e s tables because either (l ) em p lo y ­
ment in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data to m er it
presen tation , or (2) there is po ssibility of disc lo su re of individual e s ­
tablishm en t data.




Establish m en t P r a c t i c e s and Sup plementary Wage Provision s
Tabulations on selected est ablishm ent practices and su pp le ­
m en tary wage provisions ( B - s e r i e s tables) are not presented in this
bulletin.
Information for these tabulations is collected biennially in
this area.
These tabulations on m in im u m entrance s a la r ie s for i n e x ­
perie nced women office w o r k e r s ; shift diffe re n tials; scheduled weekly
hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension
plans
are presente d (in the B - s e r i e s tables) in previous bulletins
for this are a.

1

2




Table 1.

Establishm ents and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .—N. J. , 1
by m ajor industry division, 2 February 1967
Minimum
employment
in establish­
ments in scope
of study

Industry division

A ll divisions_______________________________________
Manufacturing---------------------------------------------------------Nonmanufacturing_________________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public utilities 5 ---------------------------------W holesale trade 6 _____________________________
Retail trade 6----------------------------------------------------Finance, insurance, and real estate 6 --------Services 6 7_____________________________________

_

Number of establishm ents

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study3

450 .

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

117

116,700

100

69, 960

50
-

330
120

68
49

95, 000
2 1 ,7 0 0

81
19

56, 130
13, 830

50
50
50
50
50

26
15
45
13
21

15
5
15
7
7

6
1
8
2
2

6, 050
400
4, 980
1, 740
660

7,
1,
9,
2,
1,

200
100
000
500
900

1 The Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through A p ril 1966,
con sists of Lehigh and Northampton Counties, P a ., and W arren County, N. J.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in the survey.
The estim ates are not intended,
however, to serve as a basis of com parison with other employment indexes for the area to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents
are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1957 revised edition of the Standard Industrial C lassification Manual and the 1963 Supplement were used in classifyin g establishm ents
by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the m inimum limitation.
All outlets (within the area) of companies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all workers in all establishm ents with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum lim itation.
5 Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation were excluded.
6 This industry division is represented in estim ates for "a ll in d u strie s" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reasons:
(1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data
to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed initially to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels; personal serv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile repair shops; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural serv ice s.

Four-fifths of the workers within scope of the survey in the Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton area were employed in manufacturing firm s .
The following table presents the major
industry groups and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

P rim ary m e t a ls __________________ 26
A p p are l___________________________ 20
E lectrica l m ach in ery___________ 10
Machinery (except electrical) __ 8
T extiles___________________________ 6
Fabricated m etal products_____ 5
Food products____________________ 5
Transportation equipment______ 5

Blast furnaces, steelworks,
and rolling and finishing
m ills ____________________________ 20
W om en 's, m is s e s ', and
juniors' outerwear_____________ 9
Communication equipment______ 5
General industrial machinery
and equipment__________________ 5
Motor vehicles and
equipm ent______________________
5

This information is based on estim ates of total employment derived from universe
m aterials com piled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

3

W age Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and p ercen tages of change
in a v er a g e s a l a r i e s of office c le ric a l w o r ker s and industria l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e earnings of sel ected plant worker grou ps. The indexes
are a m e a s u r e of w a g es at a given tim e , ex p r e s s e d as a percent of
wages during the b a s e pe riod (date of the area su rvey conducted
between July I9 60 and June 19 6 1).
Subtracting 100 f r o m the index
yie ld s the pe rc e n ta ge change in wages f r o m the b ase pe riod to the
date of the index.
The p ercen ta ges of change or i n c r e a s e rela te to
wage changes between the indicated da tes.
T h e s e e s t im a t e s are
m e a s u r e s of change in a v e r a g e s for the a re a; they a re not intended
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e pay changes in the establishm ents in the a re a .
Method of Computing

in the occupational group. T h e s e constant weights r efle ct base year
em plo ym ents w h e re ve r p o s s i b l e .
The a ver a ge (mean) earnings for
each occupation w e r e m ultiplied by the occupation weight, and the
products for all occupations in the group w e r e totaled. The aggregates
fo r 2 consecutive y e a r s w e r e relate d

by

dividing

the

aggregate for

the la ter y ear by the a ggregate for the e a r li e r y e a r .
The resultant
r e la tiv e , l e s s 100 percen t, shows the percenta ge change. The index
is the product of multiplying the b a s e y ear relative (100) by the relative
fo r the next succeeding y ear and continuing to multiply (compound)
each y e a r ’ s rela tive by the previous y e a r ' s index.
A v e r a g e earnings
fo r the following occupations w e r e used in computing the wage trends:

Each of the s elec ted key occupations within an occupational
group was a s s ig n e d a weight based on its proportionate em plo ym en t
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine operators,
class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Office boys and girls

Table 2.

Office clerical (men and women)—
Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Pa inters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Laborers, material handling

Industrial nurses (men and women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupational groups in Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Pa. — .J .,
N
February 1967 and February 1966, and percents of change1 for selected periods
Indexes
(February 1961=100)

Industry and occupational group
February 1967

February 1966

Percents of change1
2
February 1966
to
February 1967

February 1965
to
February 1966

February 1964
to
February 1965

February 1963
to
February 1964

February 1962
to
February 1963

A ll industries:
Office clerical (men and women)-----------------------Industrial nurses (men and women)---------------------Skilled maintenance (m en )---------------------------------Unskilled plant (m en)--------------------------------------------

119.5
110.2
119.1
117.5

116.3
107. 1
114.6
115.0

2 .7
2 .8
3 .9
2. 1

3. 7
2 -.9
2 .9
2 .9

2 .6
3 .4
3. 1
2 .9

1. 1
2 .5
2 .7
3 .4

2.
1.
1.
2.

Manufacturing:
Office clerical (men and women)-----------------------Industrial nurses (men and women)---------------------Skilled maintenance (m en )---------------------------------Unskilled plant (men)--------------------------------------------

119.8
110.2
118.5
116.0

117.2
107. 1
113.9
112.9

2 .2
2 .8
4 .0
2 .7

5. 2
2 - 1 .4
2 .8
3. 1

2 .0
3 .9
3 .0
2 .9

.7
2 .0
2 .6
2 .7

2 .6
2 .0
1. 6
1. 1

1 A ll changes are increases unless otherwise indicated.
2 This decrease largely reflects changes in employment among establishments with different pay levels rather than salary decreases.




7
5
5
6

February 1961
to
February 1962

March 1960
to
February 1961

5. 3
.5
3 .8
2 .4

4.
4.
3.
1.

1
2
2
7

5.
.
3.
2.

4.
4.
3.
1.

7
2
1
2

7
5
3
3

4
F o r office c le r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial n u r s e s , the wage
trends relate to week ly s a la r i e s for the n orm al workw eek, ex clu sive
of earnings at o v er tim e p r e m i u m r a t e s .
For plant w o r k er gro ups,
they
m e a s u r e changes in a verage s t r a i g h t -t i m e hourly earnings,
excluding p r e m i u m pay for o v e r t im e and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
The p ercen ta ges are based on data for
selected key occupations and include m o s t of the n u m er ic a lly important
jobs within each group.

Changes in the labor fo rce can cause i n c r e a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the
occupational averages without actual wage c h an g es. It is con ceiv able
that even though all es ta blis h m en ts in an a rea gave wage i n c r e a s e s ,
a vera ge wages may have declined b ec a u s e lo w e r - p a y i n g e sta blish m en ts
entered the area or expanded their work f o r c e s .
S i m i la r l y , wages
m ay have remained relatively constant, yet the a v e r a g e s fo r an a re a
may have risen con siderably b ec au s e h ig h e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m en ts
entered the are a.

Lim itations of Data
The indexes and p ercen ta ges of change, as m e a s u r e s of
change in a re a a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
(l ) general s a la r y and
wage changes,
(2) m e r i t or other i n c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by
individual w o r k e r s while in the same jo b, and (3) changes in average
wages due to changes in the labor fo r c e resulting f r o m labor turn­
over, fo r c e expa nsions, fo r c e red uction s, and changes in the p r o p o r ­
tions of w o r k e r s em plo yed by es ta blis h m en ts with different pay l e v e l s .




The use of constant em p lo ym en t weights elim in a tes the effect
of changes in the proportion of w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in each job
included in the data. The pe rc e n ta ge s of change refle c t only changes
in a vera ge pay for s tra igh t-tim e h o u r s .
They a re not influenced by
changes in standard work s c h ed ules, as such, or by p r e m i u m pay
for o v e r t i m e .
Data were adjusted where n e c e s s a r y to r e m o v e f r o m
the indexes and percenta ge s of change any significant effect cause d
by changes in the scope of the s u r vey .

5

A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and Women

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a.— J. , February 1967)
N.
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

Sex, occupation, and industry division

of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time wee kly earnings of—
$

Under
Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

S
50

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

S

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

i

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

over

4
4

3

5

19

3 x

8

1
1

-

-

13
1A
lO
8

3 67

-

3

27
22
16

46

1

-

-

2
6

2
2

*

10
10

8
8

5

7

3
2

18

2
2

15
15

1
1

2

1
1

and
under

$
50

55

and

HEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A

-----------------

202

3 9 .0

PUBLIC UTILITIES4 --------------------------------

28

3 9 .5

83
5J

38 * _

CLASS

B

$
1 4 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
1 3 7 .0 0

$
1 5 1 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 3 8 .0 0

1 0 7 00
1 1 7 .5 0

,n -»
. .4

nn
22

1 3 1 .0 0 1 0 9 .0 0 1 3 6 .0 0 -

1 7 2 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

.

-

-

-

-

5 8 .0 0 -

3 9 .0

1 2 4 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0

Aft
68

2 n *0
4 0.n

7 0 .5 0

Af 0 n
6 8 t.'n 0

40
ft E
25

3 9 .5

7 3 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

7 0 .5 0
7 8 .5 0

6 2 .5 0 7n ca_

37

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

7 2 .0 0
7 8 .0 0

77*50

6 8 * 5 0 ""'

CLERKS* ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
UAklllC AT Tl ID TM
/"*
nANUrAt1UKINb

108
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 0 3 .0 0
1 0 3 .5 0

1 0 5 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
A AKil 1C Af* Tl ID TMr
i
NANUrALiUKlnib •—
AinMUA All ICACTIIDT Kir
NUNnANUrAC 1UKiMb

8 6 .0 0

7 8 .5 0

1 AA
AA
56

lift . 0
38 n

7 4 .0 0

8 3 ,8 8
7 1 .5 0

5

9 7 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

o i .5 0
91

-

8 9 .0 0
8

5
3

5

3

2

_

1

6 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

-

1
X

8 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

7 5 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

!;7

-

6

1
1

4

-

-

12

10
1

4

_
D

5

J

3

7
X

1
1

2

5

1

6

7

2

_
2

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
1

____ _

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

10
3

WOMEN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
AA L H I MC 1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
|
n AALlT N cI
f
n A ix u rA u i U K iiiu

AA
0<
l#UU*’ 7 A CA
fOmJKJ
AA A A _ 7A * CA
fO !>U

19

UACLIT fclC l ... .
n A t n i IN 1 — . — —
C
n A H IU rA ^ IU M IlU

—

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
UUMOO D
---- HAniUrAU I UK i n o

—
—
—

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
MAKillCArTlID TMr
MAIMUrAC 1UKI Nb
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
iiA uiiier A TIiinn iKiir
n A l U Art U T i u

34
168
131

8

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS c
KIHK1UA R1IICAATIIDT MP
NUNMANUrAC 1UKINb

*

UAKIIIC ATTIID T MA
r i r-rvvf* * n u v n n i 1
U tuM N J
r « If\ULL
UiM IICArTIIO TMv
DHlTUrnU 1 UV\ll r
1

A)

*

39

37

0

4 0 .0

-

o p e r a t o r s , CLASS B
UAKIIIC AT Tl ID TMP
MANUrACIUKINb __ _
KinKlUAMi ICATTIlDT Kir
NUNMANUrACiUKINb

keypunch

See footnotes at end of table.




s

174

ftO#5
39. R

138

1 fa
t
x33

4 0 .0

234
15 r
1 R7
• j-j

*
37

0

56

50

q 6 *0 n
a. n

*„
8H.00
101•00
1 0 2 .0 0
8 4 . 50
8 1 .0 0

“FO# !)U
fV AA
84*00

7

5

5

3

5

14

*

8

OA * AU * 1 1 7 * U v
t v 3 A _ 1 1 C AA

2

2

9 0 .5 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
7 1 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 -1 0 7 .0 0
5 9 .0 0 - 8 1 .0 0
8 7 .0 0 9 3 .0 0 -

_
3

54

c a AA _
AT A A _
5Z*U U *

in n * o n
100. 0
7ft

fti An
8 1 .5 0
100#00
1 0 1 .0 0
85 00
9 1 .0 0

17
13

12

*

QO AA
7A*UU
AO AA
5 t *UU

7 1 • 3 w *"l 1 C • AA
>
f D AA—1 X * Uu
7 1 *3U 1 XA•U
f j AA—1 1 0 AA
U
AQ* w U * QA AA
0 7 AA— 77*5 v
7A AA— Q7 UAA
fw*vu* 7 (t U

* 3

J

ft o
2v
ft o
29

2
8

2
2

'

j

1
1

3

22
22

a

3

g

3

8
X

15

12

2

30

3

8

8

12

23
5

3
1

*

14
10
10

14
X*t

4

_

15
15

14

3

1A
XV
10

11

3

8

11
10

3

5
2

3

3

3

3

12

13
13

25
X5

12

15
15

4

3J
27

4

7
7

3
12

5

24
24

10
g

26
25

9
9

9
g

7
7

3
3
3

2
rr'

1

*
3
3

2

7

11
11

3

13
13

11
11

2
2

19
19

15
15

9
9

13
12

4
3

10
10

5
5

4
4

9
9

33
33

11
11

22
22

14
14

9
9

4

13
12
1

5
4

21
13
g

1,2

2
2

3

i i
XX

**
3
3

2

3

20

8

12
10

1
c c

3

2

2

12
12

19

_

OA AA_117 *UU
7D«UU~I XX AA
OA j U
70#AA
07 AA
7I*7U
OA AA
77*5U

3
3

3

5

2

QO AA_1 1 A AA
7j*3U*Xiw*7U

70 AA_
ft*3U*
7 A AA_
fH*UU*
7/1 AA_
fU*UU“
"

35
23
12

12
14

3

7 1 * U U _ 1 A 1 *!>U
i J A A * IU I AA
AA AA—1 AA AA
OU* w w "lU 7 * D U

00

15

1 1 3 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

05 .5 0
Z 40

—

in 2
18?

i/r v O I 1 Ir L HDCDATHDC
K J
KcYrUNCH UrfcKAIUKot CLASS A
UAKIIIC ATTIID f MP *_ MANUrACIUKINb _

AA A A _

7

8 4 .5 0
a i cn

*
4

3

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOCKKEEPING

ft t
24

38

26

12

^9

15

14

^2

11
5

5

39
36
3

27
18
9

1

3
3

*
1

g
g

12
13
Xe
2

,

2
2

2
2

2
2

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , February 1967)
N.
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
!standard)

Number of workers receiving straight-time we ekly earning s of—

$

%

$

$

WOMEN - CONTINUED

$

$

%

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

$

$

7 9 .5 0
8 3 .5 0

8 1 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

104
72

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES5---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES1 5 ----------4
*
2 -

616
504
112
27

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 7 .5
3 9 .5

SECRETARIES* CLASS A ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

94
84

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

163
130
33

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .5

1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 4 .5 0
1 0 6 .0 0 1 0 7 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

220
174
46

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 7 .0

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------MANUFACTURING -----------------

131
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ------------

460
317
143
37

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

$
$
7 2 . 0 0 - 8 9 .5 0
8 1 . 0 0 - 9 4 .0 0

65

70

75

80

60

65

70

75

80

13
8

1
1

31

2

~

-

6

6
2
4

18
6
12

18

“

2
~

50

-

8 5 .5 0 - 1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 2 .0 0
9 0 .0 0 - 1 2 3 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 1 0 4 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0
9 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0 1 2 4 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0

_
-

_

-

-

-

3 9 .5 1 2 2 .0 0 1 2 2 .0 0 1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 4 2 .5 0
3 9 .5 1 2 4 .5 0 1 2 3 .0 0 1 0 8 .0 0 - 1 4 3 .0 0

_

_

-

-

“

9 5 .5 0 - 1 1 9 .0 0
9 6 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0 - 1 2 7 .5 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

1 0 4 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 1 0 9 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
7 7 .5 0

8 4 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .0 0
9 0 .5 0 - 1 2 6 .5 0
7 2 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

-

_
-

8 4 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

7 9 .0 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

_

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 7 .5
3 9 .0

8 5 .0 0
8 2 .5 0
9 0 .0 0
9 0 .5 0
7 4 .0 0
6 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 1 0 2 .5 0

6 8 .0 0 - 1 0 1 .5 0
7 3 .5 0 - 1 0 4 .0 0
6 0 . 0 0 - 8 6 .0 0
9 8 . 0 0 - 1 0 8 .0 0

-

4
4

33
1
32
-

273
207
66

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 0 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
9 5 .0 0 1 0 1 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0
7 4 . 5 0 - 1 1 2 .5 0

_
-

“

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A --MANUFACTURING -----------------

49
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0
9 9 .0 0 1 0 5 .0 0

9 2 .5 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0
8 9 .0 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

_

_

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

55
27
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

7 2 .5 0
8 2 .0 0
6 6 .0 0

6 2 . 0 0 - 8 4 .5 0
6 3 . 5 0 - 8 9 .0 0
5 6 . 0 0 - 8 1 .0 0

3
3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING -----------------

110
89

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0

8 1 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

7 2 . 5 0 - 9 3 .5 0
7 4 .5 0 - 9 6 .0 0

_

_

“

“

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

98
89

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

9 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0

6 9 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
7 2 . 5 0 - 1 0 2 .0 0

_

_

TYPISTS, CLASS A ----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

208
188

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .0 0
8 7 .0 0

9 0 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

7 3 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0
7 1 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0

TYPISTS*- CLASS B ----------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ------------

229
132
97
42

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

7 6 .5 0
8 3 .0 0
6 8 .0 0
7 5 .5 0

7 9 .5 0
8 6 .0 0
6 7 .5 0
7 7 .5 0

6 4 .0 0 7 3 .5 0 5 8 .5 0 7 2 .5 0 -

8 9 .0 0
9 3 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
8 2 .5 0

%

$

$

$

%

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

140

150

160

over

-

19
19

14
14

8
8

4
4

11
11

1
1

41
38
3

44
43

50
42

54
44
10
3

45
40

36
32
4
2

33
32

36
31

l

-

37
33
4
4

5
5

17
14
3
3

13
13
-

1

5
5

21
21
-

37
32

5
9
9

7
7

6
5

9
9

3
3

12
12

11
10

9
7

6
6

4
4
-

8
6
2

4
4
"

7
3
4

10
6
4

5
5
~

5
5
-

18
18
-

14
14
-

3

2

2
1

-

and

-

9 0 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

t

and
under

50

OFFICE GIRLS --------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------

60

“

Under

55

55

Sex, occupation, and industry division

_
-

45
26

65
50

13

19
-

15
-

2
-

_
-

_

-

7
7

7
6

_
-

4
3

1
1

1
1

-

10

11
10

15
15
“

19
19
“

24
21
3

24
19
5

13
10

1

1

7
7

10

11
11

23

13
10

9
9
~

9
8

20
20
“

13
12

1

7
7

3
3

6
4

4

_

4

-

5

2
2

-

3
7

1

8

4

*

3

1

8

20

16
14

9

12

1

2

8
6

8
4

20

33
26

6
6

10
10

7
7

13
10

2

15

48
16
32

53
32
21
-

49
43
6
-

31

25

23

51
38
13
13

21
17
4
4

15
15
-

16
15
1
1

16
12
4
4

6
6
-

5

3
“

39
39
-

24

9
4

-

1
1

3
3

20
6
14

14

13

12

23
17

44
42

37
15

3

16
15
1

4

6

14
11
3

4
4
-

4
4
“

2

_
-

2
2

2
2

4
3

1
1

3

2

_
-

1
1

2
1

1
1

_
~

17
10
7

2
2

4
1
3

11
7
4

5

4

2

1

2
2

7

6
5

24
16

9
4

3
2

15
14

5
5

1
1

11
11

32
32

15
15

16
16

26
26
4

29
17
12

20
12

17
6

8

11

1

~

10

1

_

-

_
-

_
-

4
4

_
7
7
1

2

2

1

20

2
2

21

22

19
4
1

16

15

8

16

8
8

3

2

10

10

1

2
2

_

2

_
-

2

1
1
~

-

_
-

5
4
1

3
3
~

1
1
-

"

2

_

_

-

1
1

_

2

-

3
2

_

2

55
50
5

9
8

6
1

13
13

3
3
“

-

3
1
2

1
1

5
1

11
10

10
10

9
9

2
2

_

2

_

“

2

“

~

~

-

9
9

27

2

27

11
11

6
6

1
1

4
4

2
2

1
1

1
1

~

-

-

1
1

27

28
22

23
15

9
6

1
1

18
3
15

40
26
14

36
36

7

1
1

-

-

_
_
_

11

11

19
15
4
4

_
_
■
_

_

27

2
8
8

11

2
-

12

20

11

20

_

2

*

12
1

7

14
14
6
6

22

19
3
3

22

_
-

_

_
-

-

_

_

_

_
_

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.
The median designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive more
than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than
the higher rate.
2 Workers were distributed as follows:
13 at $ 160 to $170; 18 at $170 to $180; 18 at $180 to $190; 9 at $190 to $200; and 9 at $200 and over.
4
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
5 May include workers other than those presented separately.




7

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J., February 1967)
N
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
woikers

$

Average
weekly

( standard)

M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

Under 75
*
and
under
75

$

80

$

85

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
$
*
$
$
*
$
$
$
$
$
90
95
105
100
110
115
120
125
135
130
140
150

$

$

160

$
170

S
180

$
190

200
and

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

150

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

1

9
9

5
5

6
6

9
9

14

17

200 over

160

170

180

190

22

17
17
1 r

13
75
1a

11
11
I
1

15
A3

6

2

1

_

_

MEN
DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------HAMUrAllUKINu

165
1D1

4 0 .0

4 0 .0 1 4 1 .0 0 1 4 3 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .5 0
H U .U 1 4 1 .0 0 1 4 3 .0 0 1 2 7 .0 0 - 1 5 6 .0 0

-------------------------------------------_
""

389

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------

177
164

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS ----------------------------------

50

4 0 .0

49

4 0 .0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
IIAklllC i r T I I D T
n A N U rA L IU K IN b

B

$
$
$
$
1 6 0 .5 0 1 6 3 .0 0 1 3 9 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0
1 3 7 .5 0 - 1 8 2 .0 0
io u .u u
.3

-

-

_

1 '

2

-

2

2
2

4
4

12
12

14
14

10
10

14
14

24
24

39
39

17
17

35
35

76

16
16

20
17

13
9

7
7

21

6

21

2

3

13
13

3
3

24
1U

70

46

2

3

16
lO

3 9 .5 1 1 4 .5 0 1 1 4 .5 0 1 0 1 .5 0 - 1 2 7 .0 0
3 9 .5 1 1 3 .5 0 1 1 3 .5 0 1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0

1
1

-

9
9

5
5

10
10

16
16

13
11

15
15

23
23

8 2 .0 0 - 1 0 6 .0 0

2

10

2

1

2

7

12

10

5
5

2
2

1
1

1
u

_

1

4

4
4

•o

9 5 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0

1
1

-

1
1

~

WOMEN
NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----UAkiur A t n UK f No — — —
PA I, U r ir 1in 1kir — — —
I

—
—

1 0 8 .5 0 1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 0 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0 1 0 0 .0 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0

_

_

8
8

4

4

4
3

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
2
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .




8

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J ., February 1967)
N.
Average
Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 0 .5 0
7 0 .5 0

10
25

39 0
3 9 .5

73 50
7 8 .5 0

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS*
CLASS B — — — — — — — — — — — —
— ——
—
—
— —
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------a

NONMANUFACTURING
r i rn i/r
C L c K Ix S t

/*i A r c
CLASS
—

d

o

— ——

"
————
—

—

r- t i c
r lL fc *

c n e
r lL tf

r ■ ir r
CLASS

3 9 .0

1 3 3 .0 0

76
33

3 8 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 9 .5 0
1 3 4 .0 0

201
84
75
62

40 0
3 7 .5

7 8 .5 0

39 0 118 50
3 9 .5 1 2 7 .0 0

179
141

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

r
C
-----------------------------------------

122
45

39 0
3 7 .0

7 7 .5 0
5 6 .5 0

i/cvn u kiru n n c o A rrm f
Ix tY FU NC n U r t K A T U K S t
u au i i r i r T i m v u r

r i acc
CLASS

v cv m iM ru nncD ATnnr
KtY PUNC H U r t K A i U K S f
k i Ai i ii c A r T i i n t N r
HAIMUrAv. 1 UK I ai b

ri Arr
CLASS

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

27

a

138
133

A

MAN Ur ACT UK ING

S

prrnrT A ftT rr3
S t C K t 1A K l t S —
—
U A A tn r i r T i m T k ir
n A IM U rA b 1 U K I N b
kinAtUA A in r A r T iiD T k ir
N U N M A N U r A t 1U K 1 N b
n u oi t r urn ftr c r 2
P U B L IC U l l L l l l f c o

—

^27

o
D

——————
—
———
————

f r r n r T i f i f r<*
ri if f
S cC K cIA K 1c S 9 CLASS
U A A tn r A r T i i n t Air
M A N U rA C T U K I N b

130
33

r
C

r 1 ACC
UUAOO
U A M n r i r T i i n TAir
M A N U r A C 1U K I N b

3 9 .5
IQ . C

7 8 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

„
_
3 V. j 1 0 5 .5 0
I Q c 1 0 9 .0 0
*7 . a
Of J
124* 50

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GLASS B ———————
"*
™"
^ ———————
M AM IPAv TIIP 1Nb — — — — — — — —
l
HANUP AT 1U TM
K P —
——

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

52

$
39«0
l3A*nn
40.0 124.00

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS*

p.pmpp ai
bCNCKAw
M M IPAPTIIP TM
A l
P
nANUr Aw 1UK1Nb — — — — — — — — —
——
—

89

40*0

88*50

3 9 .5 1 2 3 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

TVDTCTC. vLAOO A . . .
_
1 T r lo l Of* PI ACC A
MAM IPA 1UKTM — — —
l
P
HANUr APTIIP 1 Nb
W
—— ———— —
—

cxU
199

40*0

88*00

TVDtCTC 9 WLAOO O — _ — . —
1 TrlOl J PI ACC Q _ _
—
—
MAMIIPAPTIIDTMP
nANUrAW 1UKINb . . *

£3l
1 3A
97

40*0
39.0

6 8 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------.....
y ahi i AW ti in iNb — — —..— — — — —
c
.
HANUr Ar 1 UK Tkir —
—
— —

165
151

40.0 160.50
40.0 1t A AA
160«UU

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ----------------

390

40.0 141.00
141.00

3 7 .5 1 0 6 .0 0

—

——

NONMANUFACTURING --------------PIIRI I f IITTI I T ICO 2
rUDLlW Ul 1L 1 1I F t

83*00

3 9 .0

n
U _ _ _______________
... .

C 1 F N n r B A r r C KO . P P NCK AI
O T CWJbKA P U lCft C 9 bC M F P # W
■
u A N i r i C 1 id v n r
M a aiiUr A r t iUK 1 N b ————————

—— ———
MflMMAMI IP AT 1U n i M r
N UN H A N U r A v Tl IP I N b
P U RI I f
rU D L ll# 1IT T 1 T T T F S 23—— ——— — — —
U l 1L1 1 ICO

176
*6

3 7 .0

1 1 0 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

135
112

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 2 .5 0
9 4 .0 0

467

-----------------------------------------

C CUi\C TA D I CC f
C fR C 1 * lM f d .

o
f

3 9 .0 1 0 9 .0 0

97

A

f cr K l
r
ac
S c C o cc nAnKi lcc f f CiL A S r
S
S
IIAAll »CATTI ID I M
M A N U rA w 1 U K 1Nl"* ___
b
MHMMA Ml IP AW T IIP 1 Mb
N U N n A N U r A P 1 UK &N r

j

__

a

crrn rrin T rr
ri *rr
S c C K c 1A K lc S y C L A S S
U A k iu r i r ti in t Air
M A N U rA w 1U K1 N b
•

NONMANUFACTURING

^

Average
Number

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
148
1 OA
xuo

^

39*0
4 0 .0
37 A

8 5 .5 0

143
37

39

7 4 .0 0 ;

.O 10 3 .0 0

----------------------------------U i iii r i r
M AiNUr AC n1 i n f Air ——
UK1 N b
———
—
—
—
irT iin f nr
NUN MA N Ur A C 1 UK 1 N b ———
—
—————

279
67

3 8 .0

^ 9 5 .0 0
QK*nn

93 00
9 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------

49
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

9 9 .0 0
9 9 .0 0

40 0 101 00
4 0 .0 1 0 2 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------MANUFACTURING ___ ——__________—___
——————

55
27
28

3 9 .0
39. 5
3 8 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

110

3 9 .5

A
*

3 9 .0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
ai da i u a au i p

ai dai u a aii i a r
n U N n A M U c AU t iUK t Air
r
1 m 1 Nb

————

—

3 9 .0 10 1 .0 0

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

8 2 .0 0

30

------------------ -------------------

—

n
U rr c r C c d h v c ANU r 1 n i r L
r l r t d U Y S Akin b r K
MA n t IlPA t i IlP T n u
n A M u r A rT u k i kir

9 2 .5 0

r LcKlv S t
■c m /r
C

n a o ni ■
rAYKULL
AJAAII i r A U I U K I Air
n A N U r A r Tl ID TN u
kl OKIIIA N U r A C 1 UK I N b
AUI(C ATTIIDT (ur
NUN n

72 00
7 8 .0 0

—————————————
—
—
—
—

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ———
NONMANUFACTURING

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

————

r i arr
a
CLASS A
MANUFACTURING - — - — — — —— --------—

ri cni/r
C L c KISS t

93
37
310

A

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES — — — — ——
rt c n y r
a t r m h i t t Air
L L t K I v S f A w w U U N T IN b*
U A X liiCA w 1 U K TKir
M A N U r ir T II D I N b

W eekly
hours 1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$

75
to

r ■ * <*r
CLASS

Number
of
workers

Occupation and industry division

Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING

r i r n i/r
a r r n i i h t *n r
t l c R K o i A w C U U N T IN b *
ftl AIIIU rA w T I ID fI N b
M A N IC 1 C 1 U K Air

Average

t Weekly

UAklllCirTIlDTkir — — —
nANUPAW aUKINb — — —

——
——

——
—

nn ACTrucki r i i f f r
... .....
UKAr 1OnCNf WLAoO W — _ — — —. —
—
—
H M IPA 1U TM — — — — — — — —
A l W K P
rlANUr APTIIP i Nb
——
—
—
nPAPTCMPN TPAPPPC
UKMP1OHCN 1KAW
CKO

-

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) ----MAMIIFAPTIIf? TM
FlAliUr A 1U I Nb
W K P

181

114.00
39*5

55

40.0

49

40.0 108.50

93.50

d

D
———————

NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES2 -----------------------------------

158
78
25

40*0
37^0
3 9 .0

86*50
8 1 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

A i All i c i r TI ID f Air
I
nANUrAbIU KXNb

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings
correspond to these weekly hours.
2 Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
3 May include workers other than those presented separately.




9

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for men in selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.—
N.J., February 1967)
Hourly earnings 1
N ber
um
Occupation and industry division

workers

Mean2 Median 2

M
iddle range 2

Number of w ork ers receivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earning s of—
$
$
$
$
$
s
%
$
$
$
»
$
S
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
T J 2 *00 2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0 3 ,5 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0 3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0
T
s
and
2 •00 under
2 .1 0 2 .2 0 2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 2 .9 0 3 .0 0

CARPENTERS* MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

162
153

$
3 .1 3
3 .1 3

$
3 .1 5
3 .1 7

$
$
2 .9 3 - 3 .3 5
2 .9 2 - 3 .3 5

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------MANUFACTURING ------------------

386
379

3 .2 3
3 .2 3

3 .1 9
3 .1 8

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

106
103

3 .3 0
3 .3 0

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------MANUFACTURING ------------------

168
162

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES ------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES 3 -------------

-

6
6

6
6

11
11

11
11

21
21

13
5

24
24

8
8

47
47

-

-

_
*
*

4
4

15
15

_

-

-

25
25

8
8

103
103

17
17

23
23

66
63

22
22

3
1

31
31

1
1

13
13

-

"

_

-

10
10

-

5
4

24
24

1
1

25
24

4
4

8
8

_
-

_

_

-

13
13

13
13

8
8

1
1

_
-

53
53

9
9

12
12

_

_

-

-

12
12

8
8

_
-

_

-

15
12
3

-

11
11
-

9
9
•

8
5
3
3

195
191
4
4

13
5
8
8

20
12
8
8

5
5
-

_
-

41
41
-

15
5
10
10

11
11

2
2

_

-

_

_
-

-

2

_

_

-

39
39

-

4
4

_
~

_

-

21
21

3
3

3
3

12
12

12
12

30
30

12
12

16
11

28
28

_

1
1

2

42
8
34
31

.
“

_
-

6
1
5

45
19
26
26

4
-

5

15
14
1
1

4
4

43
12
12

-

12
12

1
1

151
151

3
3

67
67

30
30

214
214

253
252

-

1
1

-

-

1
1

-

-

7
7

18
18

18
18

4
4

3

3

4
4

18
18

1
1

1
1

-

-

2 .9 4 - 3 .5 1
2 .9 4 - 3 .5 1

-

-

_

3 .1 5
3 .1 5

2 .9 5 - 3 .7 2
2 .9 5 - 3 .7 2

_

-

-

2 .6 2
2 .6 7

2 .8 2
2 .8 3

2 .3 3 - 2 .9 0
2 .3 6 - 2 .9 1

9
3

30
30

_
“

376
340
36
33

2 .7 0
2 .6 8
2 .8 2
2 .8 8

2 .6 6
2 .6 5
2 .8 1
2 .8 3

2 .6 1 2 .6 1 2 .6 8 2 .7 2 -

2 .8 0
2 .7 0
3 .2 2
3 .2 3

_
-

31
31
-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ------------------

64
64

3 .2 2
3 .2 2

3 .0 8
3 .0 8

3 .0 4 - 3 .6 2
3 .0 4 - 3 .6 2

-

-

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

203
196

3 .2 1
3 .2 1

3 .1 6
3 .1 5

2 .8 9 - 3 .5 5
2 .8 9 - 3 .5 5

_

_
—

_

-

_

~

~

“

212

99
113
110

3 .0 9
3 .1 4
3 .0 5
3 .0 6

3 .0 9
3 .2 1
3 .0 7
3 .0 7

2 .9 1 2 .9 9 2 .5 8 2 .5 9 -

3 .2 8
3 .2 7
3 .4 2
3 .4 2

_
-

_
-

_
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -----------MANUFACTURING ------------------

1 ,0 0 9
1 ,0 0 8

3 .2 7
3 .2 7

3 .2 1
3 .2 1

3 .0 4 - 3 .5 9
3 .0 3 - 3 .5 9

-

_

_
-

MILLWRIGHTS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

105
105

3 .3 8
3 .3 8

3 .4 1
3 .4 1

3 .2 0 - 3 .4 8
3 .2 0 - 3 .4 8

_
-

-

OILERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

127
127

2 .9 0
2 .9 0

2 .6 8
2 .6 8

2 .6 3 - 3 .2 6
2 .6 3 - 3 .2 6

-

-

“

~

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

95
94

3 .0 1
3 .0 1

3 .0 3
3 .0 3

2 .7 6 - 3 .0 9
2 .7 5 - 3 .0 9

-

_

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------MANUFACTURING ------------------

146
146

3 .1 5
3 .1 5

3 .2 0
3 .2 0

2 .9 5 - 3 .3 6
2 .9 5 - 3 .3 6

-

_

3 .5 0
3 .5 0

3 .4 5
3 .4 5

3 .2 1 - 3 .7 9
3 .2 1 - 3 .7 9

_

_

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------------

177
177

“

2
2

-

_
-

2

-

2

2

2

4

2

2

4

-

_

-

2

3

4
4

3

67
67

_
“

_

3

“

3

2

-

-

_

-

-

8
8

1
1

10
10

9
9

6

1

42
42

_

-

-

2

4

-

2

4

9
9

-

35
35

9
9

11

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

_

2

5

11

2

5

11

14
14

9
9

_

Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.




3 .6 0 3 .7 0 3 .8 0 3 .9 0 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0

-

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES3 -------------

3 .1 0 3 .2 0 3 .3 0 3 .4 0 3 .5 0

-

_

6

11

8
8

-

-

7
5

30
30

8
8

10
10

16
16

1

2
2

_

10
10

_
-

_

_

-

-

_
~

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

3

4
4

12
12

-

_

_

3

“

29
29

4
4

3

2

_

3

“

”

16
16

11
11

5

_
-

4
-

2
2

4
4

-

8
8
-

_
-

_
-

20
20

14
14

96
96

62
62

27
27

38
38

12
12

39
39

_
-

_

6
6

_

12
12

_

_

15
15

_

_
-

_

_

8

-

-

_

-

-

8

_

7
7

_

_

1
1

_

_
~

1
1

2

16
16

38
38

5
5

_

_

1

2

_

_

-

11

1

2

-

37
37

7
7

8
8

8
8

25
25

7
7

1
1

33
33

55

“

_

22

3
2

-

-

22
22

5
5

-

10
10

3
3

6
6
11

-

“

-

2

_

10

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , February 1967)
N.
Number of workers recieiving straight--time hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings 2

Occupation 1 and industry division

$

M ean3

M edian3

WATCHMEN

NONMANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------

-------------------

$

362

2.29

2.39

52

1.60

1.57

106

AND

%

S

S

2.00

2.20

2 .40

2. 50

$
2.70

2.80

$
2.90

$
3.00

3.10

$
3 .20

$

1.80

$
2..60

$

1.70

$
2.30

%

1.60

$
2.10

$

1.50

$
1.90

t

1.40

3.30

3.40

$
3.50

1.60

U7 0

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.10

2.20

2.30

2.40

2 .50

2. , 6 0

2«.70

2.80

2.90

3.00

3.10

3.20

3 .30

3.40

3.50

over

3

25
13

41
36
5

1

5
2

8

6

18
18

l
1
1

3

119
1 IQ
X 17

8

4

4

3

-

-

-

5

25
25

19

7

12

39
23
16

17

3

8

1

3

1

2

5

14

16

Under

$

GUARDS

$

1.50

Number
of
workers

2.78

%

$

%

and
1 . 4 0 under

Middle range

$

$
1.731.791.49-

$

2.76-

and

2.88

2.84
2.85
1.81

13
10
3

GUARDS:
6

3

1 IV
1 1Q

*

3

WATCHMEN:
1.75

124
JANITORS*

PORTERS,

NONMANUFACTURING

AND

CLEANERS

---

-------------------

1,099
167

2.29
1.90

1.582.11-

2.41

23

2.24

2.34
1.81

1.63-

2.22

3
3

22

16

10

34

9

14

75
40
35

53
36
17

30
19

12

11

2

36
33
3

LABORERS* MATERIAL HANDLING * * * * • " * '
liAMllCrACTI ID l N b
—
n A N U A U U K T Air
KlOKI n A K U C A r 1U K 1 rib —
l
— _
N U N II A N l1r A L Tl IDT Kir _ — — — — — — — — — — — — — —
PUBLIC

168

1,187
987

n a ra/rn r
r ut n nf Air
r A blVcKo* S H I P r l N b
U Ai tl r AT
M A N Utr A L TIKI I N b
T U K V Air

...

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------nAliUrAL 1 U K I N b — ——————— ————————

% ia+ t h aN b l
L d% K U i p t

LIGHT
— —

—

- — —

TO A T L t K TW r C f
1K A i 1 CD I T ft CI
MA l i U r A L TIUK 1 Mr
n AMI IF A T 1 ID i N b

——————— ———————

HEAVY

-

18
16

12

3.07
3.04

1

3

3

18
7

12

11

15

423
408
15
15

21

5

72
5
2

3

3

101

8
3
5

14

14
14

5
5

g
g

22
22

49
49

11
11

4

115
36

10

112
3

122
122

184
184

3.20-

1.89

30
24

34

1.99

2.54
2.31

25

27
26

232

2.07
2.07

2 .0 1

1.771.77-

2.28
2.28

21

54
54

13
13

7 A7
2 *

2 56
2.59

2.132.36-

21

2.75
2.79

139
136

2.69
2 .6 8

2.63
2.63

2.312.31-

3.22
3.22

54

2.48

2.46

2.05-

_

C i UO

^ *

2.663.34

i • i ii
j
j

i
j . ia ii

44

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

19

10
1ln
JU

1

-

12
10

3

47
46
j

94
92
2

fy

14

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

_

6

_

16
16

_

12

-

~

12

~

4

_

7

4
2

OL
2

1

3.40

59

g

5

3.44
3.46

2.20-

2.83

g

2.85

fy

2.41-

3.21

-

-

i

3.06—

6

3
3

35
35
10

10

10

10

15
1Z

10

~

_

_

_

1
i

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

17

93

-

17 /

-

ID
7

6

*

5
5

6

6

24
23

2
2

-

8

-

9

18
15

38
32

16

75
75

3

g

10
fy

j

in
in
10

**

Z
y

1

6

_

J*

3

3

5
5

2
2

~

2
2

7
5

19
19

1
1

2
2

15
15

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

12
15

_

_

70
13
57

174
151
23

18
18

85

39
39

103

0 rA
£30

1

fy

1

2

1

18
18

7

_

59

5

2.56
2.49

48

5

1.76-

42

2

g
g

5
5

12
12

11
1 1

2
1
1

2.773.32-

_

1

3
3

7

-

3 Oi
3 ft ft
C . A 1— £ . O o

3.01

44

66

2

fy

12

3.26

HO

_

2
1

c.

3.27

1.771.75-

93
78

1

64

1

3.24

2 ,U i

*
62
53
9

98

42
15
27

2 .0 1

(OVER

4

31
35

72

2.45
2.62

2.65

—

3

3

100

85
85

100

258
258

458
7 11
I

----------------------------------------IITY1 i T T C C ’ —————————————
U 1 1 L f 1 I to

387

See footnotes at end of table.

2 .6 8
C. . 1 3

-

-

-

5

9

fy
3

6

2

3

-

-

3 ■ftft— 3 . £3H
%
4
C.3 0

11
10

-

5

15
15

9
g

1

-

-

3

3

15

7
4

5

24

7

2
2

3
2

8

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

-

TONS,

——————————————————




1

2

3

2.132.15-

8

3.15

——————————————————

NONMANUFACTURING
AUDIL t L
rUD l r

2.28

O
1
£ . 11 1

—

—— —
—
—
———————

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) ---------------------------

TRUCKDRIVERS,

20

77

3

(UNDER

————

— —
KlOKI n A N 1 r A r 1UK 1 Kir
JI
N U NIIA K UCA U Tl ID T (Mb

MANUFACTURING

ii
in 1 Kir
H a ai U c A b t1iUK T N b
A l i ii r a p

1.93-

121

TKUblvUKI VfcKb
— — —
—
—
—
——
IIAKII 1C A bT IUIDl N b —
n A N U r A f T K T Kir
Ainii ai a kic c i r t i K t N b
N U N n A N Uir A L T U inl Kir — —————
———
—
mini ¥ r- h t t i T T t r f 4 —— —— — —— ——
PU BL IC U i l L Z l l c o

i

2.35
o JV
C. in
1 io
o* Ia

200

Z3Z

n c r c t u t Kir r iL c KIn o e ____—
Rfcv-fcIVINb L c o v
H A N U r A U l U K I M b ———————————————
———

1

2.52

2.23

Z10
1uu

U T I L I T I E S 4 -----------------

riftpipn
rti i cnr
UKUcK
r 1LLcKb
UALII
H A N UICA b 1U K I I b
r A PTI IA tkIP
N

TRUCKDRIVERS,

2 .1 0

1

46
25

2

i.-j

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEAN E R S
( W O M E N ) -----------------------------------------------------------------------

38
31
7

4

2.77
3.29

iq

2.67
3.41
i . 40
3 i i

3.30-

3.46

5

2
2

3.45

3 0 3
£ . A £ — %» £ 3
J 3 ft
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

36
36
-

-

1
1
-

19
19

85
85

-

70

-

67

224

3
A7
O1

224

-

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, P a .— J. , February 1967)1
N.
5
4
3
2

1
2
3
4
5

Data limited to men workers except where otherwise indicated.
Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
For definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - 1.
Transportation, communication, and other public utilities.
Includes all drivers, as defined, regardless of size and type of truck operated.







Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’ s wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are em ployed under a variety o f payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea com parability o f occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-tim e, temporary, and probationary woikers.

O F F IC E

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electrom atic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, m achine, are
classified by type o f m achine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record o f business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution o f debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing m a­
chine (M oon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, e tc. , which are
com bination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, e tc. Usually involves application o f predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which m ay or may not be computed on the billing m achine, and
totals which are autom atically accumulated by m achine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number o f carbon copies o f the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.

Class B. Keeps a record o f one or more phases or sections of
a set o f records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, e tc.
May check or assist in preparation o f trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine).
Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, e t c . , which
may or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part o f the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry o f figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine autom atically accumulates figures on a number o f vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances.
Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types o f sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A . Under general direction o f a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a com plete set
o f books or records relating to one phase o f an establishment's busi­
ness transactions.
Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

13

14

CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in making proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine a c ­
counting operations such as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data.
This jo b does not
require a knowledge o f accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several woikers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
o f varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, e tc.
May
also file this material. May keep records of various types in con ­
junction with the files. May lead a small group o f lower lev el file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C . Performs routine filing o f material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system ( e . g . , alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge.
Performs simple
clerica l and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

CLERK, ORDER— Continued
to make up the order; checking prices and quantities o f items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled .
May check with credit department to determine credit rating o f customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the necessary
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers’ earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's nam e, working days, tim e,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Com ptometer to perform mathe­
m atical computations.
This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type o f clerk, which may involve frequent use o f a Com p­
tom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
o f other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies o f typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder speed.
Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple com pleted m aterial.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
R eceives customers* orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination o f the follow ing;
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or com bina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application

15

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
o f coding skills and the making o f some determinations, for exam ple,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B.
Under close supervision or following sp ecific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch m achine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting o f data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor o ffice machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
m ail, and other minor clerical work.

SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities o f the superyisor. Works fairly independently receiving a m ini­
mum o f detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most o f the follow ing: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming m ail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c ) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, m em ­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks o f comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge o f office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work o f the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples o f positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not m eet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c ) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group o f professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more com plex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; an d(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical o f secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
follow ing, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policym aking role with regard to major company activities.
The title
"v ice president, " though normally indicative o f this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. V ice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes o f applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman o f
the board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the corporate
officer lev el) o f a major segment or subsidiary o f a company that employs,
in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a.
Secretary to the chairman o f the board or president o f a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b.
Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) o f a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,000 persons; or

16

SE CRET ARY— Conti nue d

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c.
Secretary to the head (im m ediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a m ajor division)
o f a company that employs, in all, over 5 ,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scien tific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation.
May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head o f a large and important organizational
segment (e. g . , a middle management supervisor o f an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) o f a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree o f stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge o f general business and o ffice procedures
and o f the specific business operations, organization, p olicies, procedures,
a.
Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one o f the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing sim ple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range o f organizational echelons; in others, only one or
d.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

two; or

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR

b.
Secretary to the head o f an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level o f o fficia l) that employs, in all, fewer than
5, 000 persons.
Class D
a.
Secretary to the supervisor or head o f a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b.
Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level o f supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar m achine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. Performs full
telephone information service or handles com plex calls, such as conference,
co lle ct, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a fu ll-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g . , because o f overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or o ffice calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform lim ited telephone
information service. ("Lim ited" telephone information service occurs i f the
functions o f the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
e^&ension numbers when sp ecific names are furnished, or if com plex calls
are referred to another operator. )

17
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or m onitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine cle rica l work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerica l work may take the major part o f this worker's time while at
switchboard.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR— Continued

sp ecific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing woik.
The work typically involves portions o f a work
unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABU LA TING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others.
Performs com plete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and com plex reports which
often are o f irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing o f steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and operating sequences of long and com plex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and d a y -to-d a y supervision of the work and production o f a group of
tabulating-m achine operators.

Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrica l account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance o f some wiring from
diagrams.
The work typically involves, for exam ple, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a com plete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more com plex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are w ell established. May also include the training o f new
em ployees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C .
Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e t c . , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcrib ing - m a chine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerica l work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies o f various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerica l work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming m a il.

Class A . Performs one or more o f the following: Typing m a­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , o f technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more o f the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing o f forms, insurance policies,
e t c . ; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
com plex tables already setup and spaced properly.

18

PROFESSIONAL
DRAFTSMAN

AND

TECHNICAL

DRAFTSMAN

Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recomm end minor design changes. Analyzes the e ffect of
each change on the details o f form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Com pleted work is reviewed by design originator for con ­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and com plex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings o f subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction o f a building including
detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities o f materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings o f single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
o f drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MAINTENANCE

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments.
Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur.
Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
D RAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing lim ited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delin eation .)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings o f easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who becom e ill or
suffer an accident on the premises o f a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the follow ing: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing o f em ployees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
o f applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
o f all personnel.

AND

POWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE— Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal
instructions; using a variety o f carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




19

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES— Continued

Performs a variety o f electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, m aintenance, or repair o f equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization o f electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circu it breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements o f wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician ’ s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work o f the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, m a­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding m a­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a fu ll-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which em ployed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning.
Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record o f operation
of m achinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or ch ief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or m illing machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
com plicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops are ex ­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
em ployed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves.
May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing sp ecific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most o f the follow ing: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds o f machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
com m on metals; selecting standard materials,, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist’ s work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

20

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors o f an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts.
In general, the work o f the auto­
motive m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces o f mechanical equipment o f an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment o f an establishment.
Work involves most o f the following: Examining machines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use o f handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a
machine shop or sending o f the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation.
In general, the work of
a maintenance m echanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex ­
perience.
Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying
out o f the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety o f handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength o f materials, and centers o f gravity; alining
and balancing o f equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general,
the m illwright’ s work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the follow ing: Knowledge o f surface p ecu li­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May m ix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work o f the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most o f the follow ing:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes m eet specifications.
In general, the work o f the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and e x ­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are exclu ded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system o f an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation o f vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work o f the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and e x ­
perience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

21

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

SHEET-METAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) o f an establish­
ment. Work involves most o f the following: Planning and laying out all
types o f sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal­
working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form ­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of com m on metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes.
In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­

CUSTODIAL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.

MATERIAL

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors o f an o ffice building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment.
Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination o f the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard.
Performs routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or
on tour, maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary.
Includes
gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees
and other persons entering.
Watchman.
Makes rounds o f premises periodically in protecting
property against fire, theft, and illegal entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas
and washrooms, or premises o f an office , apartment house, or com m ercial




LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more o f the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

22

ORDER FILLER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK— Continued

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
(Order picker, stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records o f outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con ­
tainer em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing o f
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more o f the follow ing:
Knowledge o f various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
o f appropriate type and size o f container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments o f merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge o f shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means o f transportation, and rates; and preparing records o f the goods
shipped, making up bills o f lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file o f shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills o f
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.




Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m a­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types o f es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places o f business.
May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor m echanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type o f equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis o f trailer ca p a city .)
Truckdriver (com bination o f sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1 V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)
TRUCKER, POWER
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-p ow ered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials o f all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type o f truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)




A v a i l a b l e O n R e q u e s t ------T h e seventh annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s ,
a t t o r n e y s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a ft s m e n ,
t r a c e r s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , m a n a g e r s o f o f f i c e
s e r v i c e s , b u y e r s , f r e ig h t rate c l e r k s , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as BLS B u lletin 15 35,
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n ic a l , and
50 cents a co p y .

N a tion a l
C lerica l

S u rv ey o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d P a y , F e b r u a r y — a r ch 19 66.
M

&

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1 9 6 7 - 2 5 3 - 6 0 7 /5 3




Area Wage Surveys
A lis t o f th e la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y in d ica tin g d a te s o f e a r l i e r s tu d ie s , and the p r i c e s o f the b u lle tin s is
a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle tin s m a y be p u rch a se d f r o m the S u p erin ten d en t o f D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a sh in g to n , D .C ., 20402,
o r f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l s a le s o f fic e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .
B u lle tin n u m b er
and p r ic e

A rea

1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
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1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,

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A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1966 * _________________________________
B a lt im o r e , M d ., N ov. 1966 1_____________________________
B e a u m o n t— o r t A rth u r— r a n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 *____
P
O
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., A p r . 1966___________________________
B o is e C ity , Id a h o, J u ly 1966 1___________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., O ct. 1966________________________________

1 5 3 0 -5 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
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B u ffa lo , N .Y ., D e c . 1966 1________________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t . , M a r. 1967 1_____________________________
C a n ton , O h io , A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a ., A p r . 1966 1 ------------------------------------C h a r lo tt e , N .C ., A p r . 1966 *_____________________________
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., S ep t. 1966 1___________________
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1 ________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O h io — y .— n d ., M a r. 1966 1 ______ - ________
K
I
C le v e la n d , O h io , S ep t. 1966 1___________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t. 1966 1_____________________________
D a lla s , T e x ., N ov. 1966 1____________________________ ___

1 5 3 0 -3 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 5 ,

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1 5 3 0 -1 9 ,
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1 5 3 0 -3 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 8 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 7 ,

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1 5 3 0 -1 ,

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ce n ts
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ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -5 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 9 ,
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1 5 3 0 -4 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 1 ,
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A k r o n , O h io , June 1966 1__ ______________________________
A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y ^ -T r o y , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1 _________
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x ., A p r . 1966 1_____________________
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .— .J .,
N

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d —M o lin e , Iow a—
R
111.,
D a y to n , O h io , Jan. 1967__________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o ., D e c . 1966__________________________ ______
D e s M o in e s , Iow a , F e b . 1967____________________________
D e t r o it , M ic h ., Jan. 1967 *______________________________
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., N o v . 1966 1___________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , A u g. 1966 1___________________________
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1966 1____________________________
H o u s to n , T e x ., June 1966 1 ______________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , In d., D e c . 1966____________________________
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., F e b . 1967_______________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., Jan. 1967 1----------------------------------------K a n sa s C it y , M o .— a n s ., N ov . 1966_____________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .— .H ., June 1966 1 ----------H
N
L ittle R o ck — o rth L it tle R o c k , A r k ., A ug. 1966 1_____
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n ah eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r. 1966 1
____________________
L o u i s v i l l e , K y .— n d ., F e b . 1967 1----------------------------------I
L u b b o ck , T e x ., June 1966 1------------------------------------- -------M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., A u g. 1966 1--------------------------------------M e m p h is , T e n n .— r k . , Jan. 1967----------------------------------A
M ia m i, F la ., D e c . 1966_____________________________ —----M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., June 1966 1 -------------------------

a t a o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t
1 D


p r a c tic e s

and

s u p p le m e n ta r y

w age

p r o v is io n s

are

a ls o

p resen ted .

A rea

B u lle tin n u m ber
and p r ic e

M ilw a u k e e , W is ., A p r . 1966_______________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
-St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1967 1________________
M u sk eg on —M u sk eg on H e ig h ts , M ic h ., M ay 1966 1 ______
N ew a rk and J e r s e y C it y , N .J ., F e b . 1966 1 _____________
N ew H av en , C o n n ., Jan. 1967_____________________________
N ew O r le a n s , L a ., F e b . 1967 1___________________________
N ew Y o r k , N .Y ., A p r . 1966 1_____________________________ _
N o r fo lk — o r ts m o u th and N ew p o rt N ew s—
P
H am pton , V a ., June 1966________________________________
O k la h om a C ity , O k la ., A u g. 1966 1_______________________

1 4 6 5 -6 1 ,
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40

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O m a h a , N e b r .—
Iow a , O c t. 1966___________________________
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c , N .J ., M ay 1966 1 ___________
C
P
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .— .J ., N ov. 1966 1__ ___________________
N
P h o e n ix , A r i z . , M a r. 1966 1_______________________________
P itts b u r g h , P a ., Jan. 1967 1_______________________________
P o r tla n d , M a in e, N ov. 1966_______________________________
P o r tla n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M ay 1966 1______________________
W
P r o v id e n c e —P a w tu ck et— a r w ic k , R .I .—M a s s .,
W

1 5 3 0 -1 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 5 ,
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1 5 3 0 -1 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 3 ,

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St. L o u is , M o .—
111., O ct. 1966 1___________________________
Salt L a k e C ity , Utah, D e c . 1966 1________________________
San A n to n io , T e x ., June 1 9 6 6 _________________ ___________
San B e r n a r d in o — iv e r s id e — n t a r io , C a lif .,
R
O
S ep t. 1966----------------------------------------------------------------------------San D ie g o , C a lif ., N ov. 1966 1____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a lif ., Jan. 1967 *_____________
O
San J o s e , C a lif ., S ept. 1966_______________________________
Savannah, G a ., M ay 1966 1________________________________
S cra n to n , P a ., A u g. 1966--------------------------------- -----------------S ea ttle—E v e r e t t, W a s h ., O c t. 1966______- ________________

1 5 3 0 -2 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 3 ,
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25 ce n ts
20 ce n ts

1 5 3 0 -1 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 6 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 9 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 2 ,

25
25
30
20
25
20
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

S io u x F a lls , S. D a k ., O ct. 1966___________________________
South B en d , In d ., M a r. 1966 1_____________________________
S p ok a n e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 6 ________________________________
Tam pa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , S ept. 1966 1 _____________
T o le d o , O h io -M ic h ., F e b . 1967 1_________________________
T r e n to n , N .J ., D e c . 1966 1___________________ _____________
W a sh in g ton , D .C .—M d .— a . , O ct. 1966 1_________________
V
W a te rb u ry , C o n n ., M a r. 1966 1___________________________
W a t e r lo o , Iow a , N ov. 1966 1_______________________________
W ic h ita , K a n s ., O ct. 1966 1________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s ., June 1966 1___________________________
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1967----------------------------------------------------------Y ou n gstow n — a r r e n , O h io , N ov. 1966___________________
W

1 5 3 0 -1 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 5 ,
1 5 3 0 -9 ,
1 5 3 0 -5 0 ,
1 5 3 0 -3 4 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 2 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 1 ,
1 5 3 0 -1 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 3 ,
1 5 3 0 -4 7 ,
1 5 3 0 -2 9 ,

20
25
20
25
30
25
30
25
25
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

R a le ig h , N .C ., S ep t. 1966__________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a ., N ov. 1966_________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1966 1 ________________________________

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts