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LX.?-

v




D a y to n & M o n tg o m e ry C o.
P u b lic L ib r a r y

AUG 191971
DOCUMENT COLLECTION




BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

R eg io n I

R e g io n II

R e g io n III

R eg io n IV

1 6 0 3 - A F ederal B uild in g

3 4 1 N in th A v e ., R m . 1 0 2 5

4 0 6 Penn S q u a re B u ild in g

G o v e r n m e n t C e n te r

N e w Y o r k , N .Y .

1 3 1 7 F ilb e r tS t.

1371 P each tree S t . N E .

B o s t o n , M ass. 0 2 2 0 3

Phone:

P h ila d elp h ia , Pa. 1 9 1 0 7

A t la n ta , G a . 3 0 3 0 9

Phone:

Phone:

Phone:

10001

9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A re a C o d e 2 1 2 )

2 2 3 - 6 7 6 1 (A re a C o d e 6 1 7 )

R eg io n V

R eg io n VI

5 9 7 - 7 7 9 6 (A r e a C o d e 2 1 5 )

R e g io n s V II and V III

S u ite 5 4 0

5 2 6 - 5 4 1 8 (A re a C o d e 4 0 4 )

R e g io n s I X and X

2 1 9 S o u t h D ea rb o rn S t .

F ederal O ff ic e B uild in g

C h ic a g o , III. 6 0 6 0 4

D allas, T e x . 7 5 2 0 2

9 1 1 W a ln u t S t . , 1 0 th F lo o r

B ox 3 6 0 1 7

Phone:

P h o n e : 7 4 9 - 3 5 1 6 (A rea C o d e 2 1 4 )

K ansas C it y , M o . 6 4 1 0 6

S a n F r a n c isc o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2

Phone:
*

1 1 0 0 C o m m e r c e S t ., R m . 6 B 7

Phone:

3 5 3 - 7 2 3 0 (A re a C o d e 3 1 2 )

R e g io n s V II and V III w ill be serviced b y K an sas C it y .
R e g io n s I X and X w ill b e serviced b y San F r a n cisco .

3 7 4 - 2 4 8 1 (A r e a C o d e 8 1 6 )

4 5 0 G o ld e n G a te A v e .

5 5 6 - 4 6 7 8 (A re a C o d e 4 1 5 )




U.S. D E PARTM ENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e A lb u q u e rq u e , N e w M e x ic o ,
M e tro p o lita n A re a , M a rc h 1971

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 5 8
June 1971

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S . Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 30 cents




Contents

P refac e

Page
T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d t o p r o v id e d a ta on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n i n g s , a nd e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h i c r e g i o n s , and f o r th e
U n ite d S t a te s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e a nd l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u ll e t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s i n f o r m a t i o n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta t o r e l a t e t o g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g i o n s and th e U n ite d S t a te s .

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d ie d ------------I n d e x e s o f s t a n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a n d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , an d
p e r c e n t s o f c h a n g e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s ----------------------------------------O ccu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - l . O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n a nd w o m e n ___________________________
A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m e n ________________
A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d _____________________________________
A - 4 . M a in t e n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________________
A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s _____________

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t i o n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ________________________________________

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t i o n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and o n e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x ., in M a r c h 1 9 7 1 . T h e S ta n d a rd M e t r o ­
p o lita n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t t h r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f B e r n a l i l l o C o u n ty .
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e
in D a l l a s , T e x ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f B o y d B .
O 'N e a l , A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
4

areas.

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la t io n s
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

are

a v a ila b le

fo r

o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a i l i n g p a y l e v e l s if f
th e A lb u q u e r q u e a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a ila b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t i o n ; p r in t in g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; and
lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s .

iii

3

5

6
8
9
10
11
13




Introduction
e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n is t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h
d a ta t o m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data* E a r n in g s d a ta n o t s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y
f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a l l i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h en a s u b c la s s ific a t io n o f s e c r e t a r ie s o r t r u c k d r iv e r s is not show n
o r i n f o r m a t i o n t o s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a i l a b l e .

T h is a r e a in 1 o f 9 0 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s
an d r e la t e d b e n e f it s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1
T h is b u ll e t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d
e a r n in g s in f o r m a t i o n o b t a in e d l a r g e l y b y m a i l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t io n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r s tu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s a n d t o t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t in g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s in c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d t o w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
la t e s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s a n d i n c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o th e
s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h e m ­
p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t -t im e s a la r ie s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ). A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t i o n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d t o th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b t a in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s . M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
t io n s a nd th e c o n s t r u c t i o n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b lis h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d t o f u r n is h in s u f f i c i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n s s tu d ie d
to w a r r a n t in c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e ta b u la t io n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a t i o n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a a t a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e ra g e s o v e r tim e m a y not r e fle c t e x p e cte d w age ch a n ges.
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s a nd
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s a n d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s a t l o w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h if t s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g th e y e a r .
T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b le 2 , a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w it h in th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b i n in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e i r a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g t o a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t i o n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n t o a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p la n t ; a n d (4) c u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d t o ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e j o b t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s
w ith in o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a n d e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s t a ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y t o th e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l t o r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in t a in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
O t h e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e t o d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c t u a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g

1 Included in the 90 areas are four studies c o n d u cte d under co n tra ct w ith the N ew Y ork State
D epartm ent o f Labor. These areas are Bingham ton (N ew Y ork portion on ly); R ochester ( o f f i c e o c c u ­
pations only); Syracuse; and U tica — R om e. In addition, the Bureau conducts m ore lim it e d area studies
in 77 areas at the request o f the W age and H our D iv isio n o f the U. S. D epartm en t o f Labor.




1

2
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u t ie s p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y a n d n o t th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b t a in e d f r o m
th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s t u d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e
i m p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s t u d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l
s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .




E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u la t io n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th is
b u lle t in .
I n fo r m a t io n f o r t h e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e t a b u la t io n s o n m i n im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u le d w e e k l y h o u r s ;
p a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; an d h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , a n d p e n s io n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) in p r e v i o u s b u ll e t in s f o r
th is a r e a .

T a b le 1.

E s ta b lis h m e n ts

and w o rk e rs

w ith in

s c o p e o f s u rv e y a n d

n u m b e r s tu d ie d in A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x .,1

b y m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 M a r c h 1 9 7 1
M inim um
em ployment
in esta b lish ments in scope
of study

Industry division

Num ber of establishm ents

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of stud y3

Studied

Studied
Num ber

Percent

A ll division s-------------------------------------------------------

_

170

93

32, 965

100

2 5 . 325

Manufacturing________________________________________
Nonm anufacturing-----------------------------------------------------T ransportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilities 5
_________________________
W holesale trade b________________________________
R etail trade 6-------------------------------------------------------Fin ance, insurance, and rea l estate 6 ---------S e rvices 6 7
________________________________________

50
“

35
135

24
69

6, 077
26, 888

19
81

4. 845
20, 480

50
50
50
50
50

21
15
53
19
27

15
8
23
8
15

17
4
23
8
29

5, 170
817
4, 411
1, 705
8, 377

5,
1,
7,
2,
9,

659
315
656
647
611

1 The Albuquerque Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A r e a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of B ernalillo
County.
The "w o r k e r s within scope of study" e stim a tes shown is this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and com position
of the labor fo rce included in the su rv ey.
The e stim a tes are not intended, how ever, to serve as a b a sis of com p arison with other em ploym ent
indexes for the area to m easu re em ploym ent trends or le v e ls since (1) planning of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm en t data com piled
con sid erab ly in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) s m a ll establishm en ts are excluded fro m the scope of the survey.
2 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tio n Manual was used in cla ssify in g establishm en ts by industry division.
3 Includes a ll establishm en ts with total em ploym ent at or above the m inim um lim itation.
A ll outlets (within the area) of com panies in such
industries as trade, finance, auto rep air s e r v ic e , and m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm en t.
4 Includes all w orkers in a ll establishm en ts with total em ploym ent (within the area) at or above the m inim um lim itation.
5 A bbreviated to "p u b lic u tilitie s " in the A - s e r i e s ta b les.
Taxicabs and s e rv ic e s incidental to water transportation w ere excluded.
The lo c a ltran sit sy stem in the Albuquerque area is m un icipally operated and is excluded by definition fro m the scope of the study.
6 This industry d ivision is rep resented in e stim ates for " a l l in d u strie s" and "non m anufactu ring" in the Series A ta b le s.
Separate presentation
of data for this division is not m ade for one or m o re of the following re a s o n s :
(1) E m p loym ent in the d ivision is too sm a ll to provide enough data
to m e r it separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed in itia lly to perm it separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to
perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isclo su re of individual establishm en t data.
7 H otels and m o te ls ; laundries and other personal s e r v ic e s ; b u sin ess s e r v ic e s ; automobile re p a ir, ren tal, and parking; m otion pictu res; nonprofit
m em b ersh ip organizations (excluding religiou s and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectural s e r v ic e s .




A lm o st on e-fifth of the w orkers within scope of the su rv ey in the Albuquerque area
w ere em ployed in m anufacturing f ir m s .
The following presents the m ajor industry groups
and sp ecific indu stries as a percent of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Sp ecific industries

Food and kindred p ro d u cts_____ 19
T ransportation equipm ent--------- 19
Stone, clay, and g lass
p ro d u cts----------------------------------------15
E le c tr ic a l equipm ent and
supplies----------------------------------------- 10
Ap parel and other textile
p ro d u cts_________________________ 7

A irc r a ft and p a r ts ______________ 16
C on crete, gypsum , and
plaster products_______________ 12
B akery products_________________ 7
M en’ s and boys'
furnishings--------------------------------- 7

This inform ation is based on estim ates of total em ploym ent derived fro m universe
m a te ria ls com p iled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m ay
d iffer fro m proportions based on the resu lts of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W age

Trends

for S e le c te d

P r e s e n t e d i n t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
The in d exes
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g e s d u r i n g the b a s e p e r i o d .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x y i e l d s
th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m th e b a s e p e r i o d to th e d a t e o f
th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w a g e
c h a n g e s b e t w e e n th e i n d i c a t e d d a t e s .
Annual ra tes o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
s h o w n , r e f l e c t th e a m o u n t o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 m o n t h s w h e n th e t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r th a n 12 m o n t h s . T h e s e c o m p u t a t i o n s
w e r e b a s e d o n th e a s s u m p t i o n th a t w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a c o n s t a n t r a t e
betw een s u rv ey s.
T h e s e e s tim a te s a re m e a s u r e s o f ch a n g e in a v e r ­
a g e s f o r th e a r e a ; t h e y a r e n o t i n t e n d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e a r e a .

O c c u p a tio n a l

G roups

s h o w s th e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The in d e x i s the p r o d u c t o f m u lt ip ly in g
th e b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e ( 1 0 0 ) b y th e r e l a t i v e f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g
y e a r and c o n t i n u i n g t o m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d ) e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in dex.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
ex clu siv e o f earn ings fo r o v e r tim e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g r o u p s , they
m e a s u r e ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h ift s.
The p e r c e n t a g e s are b a s e d on data f o r s e le c t e d key o c c u ­
p a t i o n s and i n c l u d e m o s t o f th e n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in
each group.
L im ita tio n s

o f D ata

M ethod o f C om putin g
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e ,
as m e a s u r e s
of
c h a n g e in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d b y :
( l ) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s du e t o c h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r ­
t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n th e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s w ith ou t a ctu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th at e v e n t h o u g h a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ages m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g esta b lish m en ts
e n t e r e d the a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , wages
m a y h a v e r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y c o n s t a n t , y e t th e a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a
m a y . have r is e n c o n s i d e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

E a c h o f th e f o l l o w i n g k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n an o c c u p a t i o n a l
g ro u p w as a s sig n e d a co n sta n t w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t io n a te e m ­
p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p :
Office clerical (men and women): Office clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Bookkeeping-machine
Electricians
Secretaries
operators, class B
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Cleiks, accounting, classes
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
A and B
Switchboard operators, classes
Mechanics (automotive)
Clerks, file, classes
Painters
A and B
A , B, and C
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Clerks, order
Tool and die makers
Clerks, payroll
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Comptometer operators
Unskilled plant (men):
Keypunch operators, classes
Janitors, porters, and cleaners
Industrial nurses (men and women):
A and B
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)
Office boys and girls

The
p l i e d b y th e
in th e g r o u p
w e re rela ted
g a t e f o r th e




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f ch a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in th e d a t a .
The p e r ce n ta g e s of ch ange r e f le c t on ly ch anges
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d by
c h a n g e s i n s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , d a t a w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
th e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

a v e r a ge t ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i ­
o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , and th e p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s
w e r e tota led.
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 c o n se c u tiv e y e a r s
b y d i v i d i n g th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e ­
e a rlier yea r.
T h e r e s u l t a n t r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t ,

4




T a b le

2.

In d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d

o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s

w e e k ly s a la r ie s

a n d s tr a ig h t -tim e

h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d

in A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x ., M a r c h 1 9 7 0 a n d M a r c h 1 9 7 1

a n d p e r c e n ts o f c h a n g e 1f o r s e le c t e d p e rio d s
O ffice
cle ric a l
(m en and
women)

P erio d

Industrial
nurses
(m en and
women)

Skilled
m aintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

Indexes (A p ril 1967=100)
M arch 1 9 7 0 _________________________________________________________
M arch 1 9 7 1 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

109. 6
115. 1

( 2)
(2)

(2)
( 2)

106. 1
106. 2

Indexes (M ay 1961=100)
A p ril 1967___________________________________________________________
M arch 1 9 7 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------

118. 8
136. 7

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2 )

124. 2
1 3 1 .9

P ercen ts of change 1
M ay I960 to M ay 1 9 6 1 -------------------------------------------------------------------M ay 1961 to M ay 1962 _______ ._ __
__ __
________
M ay 1962 to A p ril 1963:
11-m onth in c re a s e _____________________________________________
Annual rate of in cre a se
__ — ___ — — __

2. 2
2. 3

0

( 2)

( !)
(2)

0 .9
3. 3

1 .9
2. 1

(2)
(2)

(2)
(2)

5. 1
5. 6

A p ril 1963 to A p ril 1 9 6 4 _____________________ ______ _____________
A p ril 1964 to A p ril 1 9 6 5 _________________________________________
A p ril 1965 to A p ril 1 9 6 6 _________________________________________
A p ril 1966 to A p ril 1 9 6 7 _________________________________ ______
A p ril 1967 to A p ril 1 9 6 8 _________________________________________
A p ril 1968 to A p ril 1 9 6 9 _________________________________________
A p ril 1969 to M arch 1970:
11-m onth in c r e a s e .___ ____ ____________ ___ _____________ _
_
_
Annual rate of in cre a se
—
— ______ . . . . .

3 .9
3 .4
3. 0
3. 0
*. 5
4. 3

( 2)

( !)
( !)
(2)

4. 7
5. 1

M arch 1970 to M arch 1971

5. 0

.

.

.

_

( !)
0
(2)

3. 0
3. 7
3 .6
3. 5
J- 5 . 9
6. 2

( !)
( 2)

( 2)
( 2)

6. 1
6. 7

( 2)

( 2)

3. 1

()
(>
0

0
(2)

•

1 A ll changes
2 Data do not

are In cre ases un less otherw ise indicated.
m e e t publication c r ite ria .
J T h is unusual change re fle cts shifts in em ploym ent between high - and low -w ag e establishm en ts in addition to wage changes.

NOTE:
M o st pre viou sly published indexes for the Albuquerque area used M ay 1961 as the base
p erio d .
They can be converted to the new b ase period by dividing them by the corresponding index
num bers for A p ril 1967 on the M ay 1961 b ase period as shown in the table.
(The resu lt should be
m ultiplied by 100.)

6

A .

O c c u p a t i o n a l

T a b le A-1.

e a r n i n g s

O ffic e occupations—men and wom en

( A v e r a g e straight-time w e e k l y hours a n d earnings for selected occupations studied

an a r e a basis by industry division, Albu q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r c h 1971)

W
eekly ea in s 1
rn g
(sta d rd
na )
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Nm
u ber
of
w rk rs
o e

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—

t
w
eekly
hu 1
o rs
(sta d rd
na )

%

60

M 2
ean

M
edian2

M
iddle range2

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG --------

19
19

$
A 0 . 5 107.00
A0.5 107.00

$
106.00
106.00

OFFICE BOYS ------------------

20

AO.O

76.50

7A.50

8 0 0 K KF EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

22
19

AO.O
AO.O

113.00
111.50

11A.50
115.00

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B ------------------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

29
28

AO.O
AO.O

83.50
83.00

83.50
83.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

59
57

AO.O
AO.O

11A.50
11A.50

107.50
108.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

208
33
175

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

85.00
92.00
8A.00

75

$
80

85

$

S
90

95

*
100

$

s
105

110

$
115

$
120

$
125

$
130

$

S
135

1A0

$
1A5

$
150

$
155

160
and

70

$
$
98.00-110.00
98.00-110.00

-

-

69.00-

-

81.00

70

and
under
65

MEN

S

t

65

-

75

80

-

-

85

90

95

105

110

115

5
5

2
2

-

100

2
2

6
6

-

120

125

130

3
3

135

A

A

“

“

~

2

-

1
1

2
2

7
7

7
7

99.50-127.50
99.00-129.00

_

-

_
-

-

3 A. 50
93.00
82.50

7A. 5 0 - 9A.50
8A.50-105.50
73.00- 93.50

-

30
1
29

26
2
2A

2A
2
22

28
A
2A

88.50
89.00

_

_

IA
12

3

-

8
8
19
18

1A5

150

155

160 o v e r

1
1

-

A

7

1 AO

1

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

8
8

2
2

-

-

WOMEN
2

10A.50-12A.00
10A.00-123.50

78.0078.00-

92.00
91.50

_

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B --------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------

A1
36

AO.O
AO.O

8 A. 50
8 A. 50

79.50
79.50

76.0075.50-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C --------------NONMANUFAC T U R I N G -----------------

60
58

AO.O
AO.O

7 A. 50
7A.50

73.00
72.50

68.5068.50-

80.50
80.00

3
3

17
17

-

-

-

A
A

3
3

7
6

1
1

_

7
7

9
9

19
A
15

33
7
26

15
3
12

1

9
8

3
3

6
6

11
10

2
2

1
1

_

~

_

3
3

3
3

3
3

-

1
1

3
3

7
7

2
2

1
1

-

2
2

7

5
3

“

2
2

_

-

9

6
6

IA
2
12

10
6
A

u

-

1
1

“

_

*

7
1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

1
l

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------

27

AO.O

100.00

98.00

86.50-110.00

-

-

2

2

2

3

2

5

1

A

2

1

-

-

-

-

2

1

-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

38
30

AO.O
AO.O

98.00
95.00

93.00
92.00

8 5 . 5 0 — 1 1 A . 00
83.00-113.00

2
2

-

A
A

_

3

7
5

6
A

3
2

1
1

i
i

3
2

_

3
3

1
1

1
1

-

2

-

-

-

-

1
1

~

*

“

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Ai
36

AO.O
AO.O

106.00
108.50

105.00
112.50

92.00-125.50
9A.00-126.00

-

-

_

2

R
8

3
3

3
3

_

3
3

1
1

5
5

11
10

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2
1

“

“

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

90
16
7A

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

87.50
89.00
87.00

86.00
8 A. 50
86.50

81.00- 9A.OO
72.50-111.00
81.50- 93.50

2
2
-

A
2
2

8
8

2
2

27
5
22

11

19
2
17

8
1
7

1

i

3

-

-

-

A
A

11

1

i

3

SECRET AR IE S --------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------- -------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

663
A6
617
61

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

125.50
113.50
126.50
129.00

127.00
119.00
127.00
130.00

l 1 6 . 5 0 - 1 3 A . 50
93.50-129.50
1 1 7 . 5 0 - 1 3 A . 50
1 0 6 . 0 0 - 1 A 8 . 50

-

-

-

l
1

5
A
1

IA
7
7
2

32
A
28
2

35
1
3A
5

27
1
26
6

26
2
2A
2

5A
2
52
3

63
6
57
3

165
6
159
3

69

A7

12

69
A

A7
2

25
2
23
8

IA

“

12
2
10
5

IA
3

12
3

21
1
20
6

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------

22
17

AO.O
AO.O

151.00
156.50

1A9.50
170.00

12A.50-180.50
1A2.50-18A.00

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

59
58

AO.O
AO.O

1A3.00
IA3.00

1A9.00
1A9.00

1A0.00-155.00
1A0.50-155.00

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------NONMANUF AC T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

19A
185
19

AO.O
AO.O
AO.O

127.00
127.50
136.50

132.00
133.00
1A5.00

112.50-139.00
1 1 3 . 50-i 3 9 . 5 0
125.00-150.00

-

*

W o r k e r s w e r e distributed as follows:

S e e footnotes at end of tables.




3

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

3
3

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

1
1

-

-

7
7

_

-

-

A
3
2

3
1

11
9

13
13
2

10
10

16
16

13
12

_

1
1

-

-

_

1
-

2
2

2
2

11
9
i

6
6
2

25
25
1

Al
Al

3

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

“

2 at $160 to $170; 3 at $170 to $180; 3 at $180 to $190; a n d 2 at $190 to $200.

-

Al
7
3A
A

5
3

_

8
8

9
9

13
13

2A
2A
2

9
9
5

*10
10

10
10

A
A

1
1
l

7
6
3

7
T a b le A -1 .

O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m e n a n d w o m e n ----- C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is b y in d u s tr y d i v is i o n , A lb u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r c h 1971)

W
eekly ea in s 1
rn g
(sta d rd
na )
Sex, occupation, and industry division

Nm
u ber
of
w rk rs
o e

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

A
verage

$
60

M
ean2

(sta d rd
na )

M
iddle range2

M
edian2

70

75

80

SECRETARIES

85

90

95

100

4
105

S

$
115

no

120

$
125

t

130

135

»

$

t

140

145

150

$
155

160

and

65

WOMEN -

$

$
65

and
under
70

75

60

-

-

-

1
1

“

-

"

~

-

-

-

*

3
2

11
8

1
1

2
2

_

85

115

120

125

1 30

135

140

145

150

155

10
2

41
1

49
i

158
5

42
-

3
-

9

2
-

1
-

3

2

1

1

-

1

1

1

2

-

l
1

_

_

_

_

_

90

95

100

105

8
1

8
5

14
2

20
1

16
1

3

2

2

2

6

2

9
9

17
17

3
1

4
2

8

8

5

12

no

160 over

CONTINUED

- CONTINUED
$

$

$

121.00
111.00

125.50
112.50

117 .00 -1 29 .00
9 2.00-130.00

113.50

109.50

1 0 0 .50 -1 24 .50

98.00
99.50

93.5 0
93.50

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
8 8.00-109.00

_

111.00
111.00

112.00
112.00

9 9 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0
9 8.00-127.00

_
“

1
1

~

6
6

5

9
9

46
45

40.0
40.0

84.00
84.00

81.50
82.00

6 8 .5 06 9 .0 0-

89.50
89.50

6
6

8
7

3
3

5
5

5
5

9
9

2
2

4
4

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

50

4 0.0

85.00

78.50

7 3 .0 0-

96.50

3

_

17

8

1

4

4

Sty

-»u.u

TYP ISTS, CLASS A ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

57
53

4 0.0
4 0.0

96.50
97.00

91.00
91.50

-

*

_

12

7
7

9
7

5
3

An n

8 1 .0 0

-*o on

19

12

78.50

17

12

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S ----------------------------

388
31

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

69
60

4 0.0
40.0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

87
82

39.5
39.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

54

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




o
o

28

40.0
40.0

$

5
4

8

7

1
1

_
-

_

12

11

-

-

-

4

4

3

3
3

i
i

3
3

11

-

-

-

-

-

~

3
2

3
3

22
22

2
2

1
-

3
3

1
1

_

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

*

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

7

4
i

3
3

-

-

-

_

_

2

_

_

_

8
8

1
1

5
5

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

-

2

-

-

'

M‘U
U
8 2.00-115.50
8 1 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

12

11
11

s
3

3

3

-

8

Table A -2 .

P rofessional and technical occupations—men

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. Mex. , March 1971)
W
eekly ea in s 1
rn g
(sta d rd
na )
Sex,

occupation,

and in d u stry d iv isio n

N m er
u b
of
w rk
o ers

N u m b er

s

A
verage
w
eekly

t
90

M 2
ean

M
edian2

M
iddle range2

(sta d rd
na )

S

*

$

%

o f

w o r k e r s

$

t

re ce iv in g

*

*

stra ig h t-tim e

$

%

w eek ly

o f ---

earn in g

$

*

%

(

*

*

$

s

*

95

100

105

110

115

120

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

160

170

180

19 0

2 0 0

210

22 0

100

105

110

115

12 0

125

130

135

140

145

150

155

16 0

170

180

190

20 0

2 1 0

22 0

2 3 0

-

-

-

10

1

-

_

“

-

and
u n der
95

M EN

$
CLASS
B -----------------------------------------

UPERATORS,

N O N M AN U FACTU RIN G

$

4 0 .0

1 3 6 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 3 8 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 4 7 .5 0

$

~

1

2

6

2

1

4

4

10

17

l

2

2

”

5

2

1

4

4

10

17

-

-

-

-

i
i

“

2

1

7

6

2

3

2

1

4

3

2

2

4

2

9

4

6

6

2

16

1

3

*

3

13

16

24

5

4

*

-

PROSRAMERS,

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

C

------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.




o

M AN U FA C TU R IN G

B ---------------------------------------

4
-

CLASS

O

1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0

1 8 4 .5 0 -2 1 4 .0 0

8B

4 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -1 8 4 .5 0

24

4 0 .0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0 -1 7 8 .5 0

74

1 3 9 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 -1 5 7 .0 0

17

DRAFTSMEN,

o

COMPUTER

$

53
49

O

COMPUTER

1

-

“
1

7

3

2

6

7

'

1

9
T a b le A -3 .

O ffice, professional, and technical occupations—men and wom en combined

(A verage straigh t-tim e w eekly hours and earnings fo r se le cte d occupations studied on an are a b a s is by industry d ivision , Albuquerque, N. M e x ., M arch 1971)

Occupation and industry division

Aeae
vrg
Number
o
f
Weekly Weekly
w r e , h u a1 e r i g 1
okr
or
anns
( t nad ( t nad
s adr) s a dr)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------

Occupation and industry division

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING--------------

$
OFFICE BOVS AND GIRLS -----------22 40.0 113.00
NONMANUFACTURING-------------1940.0 111.50
SECRETARIES--------------------MANUFACTURING----------- -----2940.0 83.50
NONMANUFACTURING-------------28 40.0 83.00
PUBLIC UTILITIES------------

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----NONMANUFACTURING --------------

70 40.0 117.50
67 40.0 118.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ------------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

227

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS 8 -----------NONMANUFACTURING----------------

42

40.0 85.00
3740.0 85.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

60

6240.0 75.00
40.0 75.00

CLERKS, ORDER ------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

40
32

CLERKS, PAYROLL -----------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------NONMANUFACTURING -------------KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING---------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------See footn otes at end of tables.




Aeae
vrg
Number
o
f
Weekly Weekly
w r e ! bom* 1 e r i g *
okr
ann!
( t n a d (t n a d
s adr) sadr)

194
26

40.0 87.00
3340.0 92.00
40.0 86.00
40.0 98.00

Occupation and industry division

Aeae
vrg
Number ----- p
o
f
Weekly Weekly
w r e ! hu!1 e r i g 1
o k r or
ann!
[tnad (tnad
sadr) sadr)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - CONTINUED
$

$

84.00 SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS91.00
N0NHANUFACTURING--------------

50
36

40.0
40.0

59
55

40.0 98.50
40.0 99.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

125.50 TYPISTS, CLASS A ---------------113.50
NONMANUFACTURING-------------126.50
129.50 TYPISTS, CLASS B ---------------NONMANUFACTURING-------------22 40.0 151.00
17 40.0 156.50

60
54

40.0 81.00
40.0 81.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

59
58

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

195
186
20

40.0 127.00
40.0 128.00 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ------40.0 137.50 NONMANUFACTURING

58
52

40.0 136.00
40.0 137.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ----------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

388
31

40.0 121.00 COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C ------40.0 111.00
COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
40.0 113.50 BUSINESS, CLASS A --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------40.0 100.50
40.0 102.00 COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B --------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------39.5 111.50
39.5 111.50 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
B
MANUFACTURING ----------------40.0 84.00
40.0 84.00 DRAFTSMEN, CLASS
C

41

40.0 116.00

22
21

40.0 195.00
40.0 195.00

21
16

40.0 162.00
40.0 149.00

24

93 40.0170.00
40.0 157.00

40.0 103.50
40.0 105.50 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------NONMANUFACTURING -------------40 40.0 99.50
30 40.0 95.00
STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------4140.0 106.00
NONMANUFACTURING -------------36 40.0 108.50
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B --93 40.0 87.50
NONMANUFACTURING -------------16 40.0 89.00
7740.0 87.00

33 40.0
22 40.0
664
46
618
62

28
72
63
88
83
46
45

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

40.0 143.00
40.0 143.00

85.00
83.50

PROFESSIONALAND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

75

40.0139.00

io

T ab le A -4 .

M aintenance and pow erplant occupations

(Average straight-time hourly earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Albuquerque, N. M ex ., March 1971)
H rly earn gs3
ou
in
Sex, occupation, and industry division

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$
3 .0 0

w rk rs
o e

M 2 M
ean
edian2

M
iddle ra g 2
ne

i

S
3 .1 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .3 0

$
3 . 60

$
3 .5 0

3 .6 0

*
3 .7 0

*
$
$
3 . 80 3 . 90 6 . 0 0

t
6 .1 0

$
6 .2 0

*
6 .3 0

6 .6 0

s
6 .5 0

$
6 .6 0

$
6 .7 0

$
6 .8 0

$
6 .9 0

$
5 .0 0

t
5 .2 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .6 0

3 . 50 3 . 6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 . 90

6 .2 0

6 .3 0

6 .6 0

6 .5 0

6 .6 0

6 .7 0

6 .8 0

6 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

-

_

_

*

2
-

-

-

_

_

_

_

%

and
u n d er
3 .1 0

4 .

00 6 . 1 0

MEN
CARPENTERS. MA IN TE NA NC E -------------

23

$
6 .0 8

$
6 .6 3

$
3 .6 9 -

$
6 .6 9

“

1

ELECTRICIANS, MA INTENANCE ---------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

51
19

6 .3 9
6 .3 1

6 .6 9
6 .6 3

6 .6 2 6 .0 9 -

6 .6 3
6 .6 7

-

2
2

-

ENGINEERS, ST AT IO NA RY --------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

16
16

3 .8 9
3 .8 9

3 .6 8
3 .6 8

3 .5 7 3 .5 7 -

6 .6 6
6 .6 6

_

_

-

“

~

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

167
32
115
101

6 .5 2
3 .6 9
6 .7 5
6 .8 2

6 .5 5
3 .7 1
6 .5 9
6 .9 3

6. 123 .3 6 6 .5 1 6 .5 3 -

5 .2 6
3 .7 8
5 .3 0
5 .3 1

2

2
2
-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

86
81

6 .1 5
6 .1 3

6 .5 1
6 .5 1

3 .7 3 3 .7 6 -

6 .5 6
6 .5 6

See footnotes at end of tables-




-

2
2
-

12
12

5

_

1
1

-

_

-

“

-

“

3

~

-

3

2
2

6
6

2
1
1

2
2
-

1
1

2

2

1

1

10
10
-

2
2

3
3

_
-

~

1

8

4

1

-

-

18

8

16
13

-

-

5
5

-

-

”
-

~

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

_

-

_

-

“

”

~

~

“
-

2
2

12
12
-

1

1

2

1

1

16
16

6
6

2
2

-

_

6

16

~

2

2
2

-

4

-

_

2
~

2

9
9

-

-

“

60
5
35
32
66

66

-

-

~

”

2

_

_

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

3

2
2
_

67
-

-

-

67
67

_

_

11

T ab le A -5 .

Custodial and m aterial m ovem ent occupations

(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r s elected occupations studied on an area ba sis by industry division , Albuquerque, N. M ex, , M arch 1971)
N um ber of wo r k e r s re ceivin g straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of---

Hourly earnings^

S ex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

s
*
s
$
$
$
$
1 .6 0 1 .7 0 1 .8 0 1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0
Mean2

Median^

Middle range

^

s
$
$
$
$
s
2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0

s
S
S
*
s
$
*
$
$
$
3 .0 0 3 .2 0 3 .4 0 3 .6 0 3 . 80 4 .0 0 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0

2 .3 0 2 .4 0 2 .5 0 2 .6 0 2 .7 0 2 .8 0 3 .0 0

3 .2 0 3 . A0 3 .6 0 3 .8 0 4 . 00 4 .2 0 4 .4 0 4 .6 0 4 .8 0 5 .0 0

and
under

-

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0 2 .0 0 2 .1 0 2 .2 0

A

2

M
EN
GUARDS AND W
ATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

31

$
1 .9 1

$
1 .8 5

$
$
1 . 6 7 - 2 .2 3

11

3

3

'

3

2

2

1

W
ATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

21

1 .8 6

1 .7 0

1 . 6 5 - 2 .1 8

11

-

-

3

-

3

3

-

-

1

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -------------------------

401
58
343
33

2 .0 7
2 .2 7
2 .0 4
2 .5 7

1 .9 5
2 .1 8
1 .8 6
2 .7 1

1 .7 2 1 .9 8 1 .7 0 1 .9 8 -

85
3
82
1

89
2
87
2

7
2
5
3

40
10
30
3

18

15
10
5

8

18
1

35
16
19
“

8
5

A
2
2
1

1
1
“

16
16
~

65
A
61
8

“

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

218
90
128

2 .5 4
2 .7 5
2 .4 0

2 .3 8
2 .5 5
2 .3 1

2 . 1 5 - 2 .7 4
2 . 3 4 - 2 .8 3
2 . 0 6 - 2 .4 8

_

2
-

-

10
1
9

2

3
1
2

31
1
30

18
7
11

17
8
9

34
11
23

20
7
13

20
18
2

5
A
1

11
10
1

6
5
1

RECEIVING CLERKS ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

30
27

2 .9 9
3 .0 7

3 .2 5
3 .3 7

2 . 3 8 - 3 .5 1
2 . 5 3 - 3 .5 5

-

-

-

-

-

“

3
2

1
l

3
3

-

_

4
3

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING----------- -----------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S --------- ■------------*

493
138
355
196

3 .5 2
2 .9 4
3 .7 4
4 .8 2

3 .2 6
3 .0 3
4 .7 5
4 .8 4

2 .5 4 2 .7 2 2 .5 0 4 .8 1 -

25
25

10

7

10

7

14
1
13

16
6
10

10
2
8

37
6
31
2

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

30
23

2 .7 2
2 .7 9

2 .5 8
2 .5 8

2 . 1 6 - 3 .5 3
2 . 1 7 - 3 .5 6

AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----- ----------------------

258
249

3 .7 8
3 .8 2

4 .8 1
4 .8 2

2 . 2 8 - 4 .8 6
2 . 2 6 - 4 .8 6

_

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

67
37

3 .0 3
3 .2 1

2 .6 7
2 .6 6

2 . 5 5 - 3 .3 9
2 . 5 8 - 3 .7 5

_

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT) -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

72
45

2 .9 1
2 .9 3

2 .7 5
2 .8 9

2 . 5 4 - 3 .2 8
2 . 6 7 - 3 .2 5

-

69
68

1 .7 3
1 .7 3

1 .7 0
1 .7 0

1 .6 5 1 .6 5 -

TRUCKDRIVERS,

MEDIUM

(1-1/2

TO

2 .5 5
2 .4 6
2 .6 1
3 .3 4

4 .8 2
3 .2 5
4 .8 5
4 .8 7

-

-

_
~

11
2
9

5
3

_

6
6
_

_

14
8
6

_

1
1

3
3

2

~

25
25

9
9

7
7

10
10

10
10

6
6

_

_

_

_

1

8
~

_

-

_

3
3

i

1
1

_

_

-

-

1
1

1
1

-

14
2
12

_

1
“
38
38
-

_

See footn otes at end o f tables




1 .7 7
1 .7 7

35
35

24
24

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

_

_

_

-

_

-

-

16
16

_

-

~

-

-

7
7

5
5

_

_

_

-

-

8
1
7

15
3
12

A
A
4

7
2
5
5

1
1
-

14
-

14

10

~

3
3

3
3

9
4
5

6
5
1

62
60
2

-

-

_

~

_

-

-

_

-

_

"

"

150
150

_

_

~

8
8

-

3

8
5

-

_

_

“

“

”

_

A

_

-

-

2
2

~

2
2

13
10

14
12

6
_

1
“

3

3
“

16

6
2

14
14

-

12
12

6
6

1
1

36
36
36

“

1
1

i
i

_

-

3
3

8
5

1
1

-

“

A
A

1
~

ii
11

-

-

_

_

_

3
3
"
_

10
7

_

-

“

3
3

6
A

2

“

-

*

8
7

~

W EN
OM
JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ---NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

_

6
6

~

“
_

-

7
7

_

158
158
158
-

“
_

"

-

12

Footnotes

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at
regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates
position— half of the employees surveyed receive more than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by
Z rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn less than the lower of these rates and a fourth earn more than the higher rate.
3 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classifying into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishment and
from area to area .
This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content.
Because of this emphasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the B ureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other purposes.
In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working sup ervisors; apprentices; learn ers; beginners; trainees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
B IL LE R ,

C LER K ,

MACHINE

P repares statem ents, b ills , and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electro m atic typewriter.
May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, b ille rs , m achine, are
classified by type of machine, as follow s:
B ille r, machine (billing m achine). U ses a special billing machine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott
F ish e r, Burroughs, e tc ., which are combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills
and invoices from cu stom ers' purchase ord ers, internally prepared o rd ers, shipping m em o­
randum s, etc. Usually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping charges,
and entry of n e cessa ry extensions, which m ay or m ay not be computed on the billing machine,
and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
machine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, etc ., which m ay or m ay not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare
cu sto m ers' b ills as part of the accounts receivable operation. G enerally involves t;he sim ulta­
neous entry of figures on cu stom ers' ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates
figures on a -number of vertical columns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. W orks from uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slip s.

B OO KKEEPING-M ACH INE OPERATOR
Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott F ish er, Sundstrand, Burroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business
transactions.
C lass A .
Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping principles, and fam iliarity with the structure of the particular accounting system
used. D eterm ines proper records and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work.
May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other records
by hand.
C lass B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of records usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing described under b ille r,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a ssist
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.
C LER K , ACCOUNTING
C lass A . Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant, has responsibility for
keeping one or m ore sections of a complete set of books or records relating to one phase
of an establishm ent's business transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary
ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable; examining and coding
invoices or vouchers with proper accounting distribution; and requires judgment and experi­
ence in making proper assignations and allocations. May a s s is t in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal en tries; and m ay direct class B accounting clerk s.
C lass B. Under supervision, perform s one or m ore routine accounting operations such
as posting simple journal vouchers or accounts payable vouchers, entering vouchers in
voucher reg isters; reconciling bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by
general ledgers, or posting sim ple cost accounting data. This job does not require a knowl­
edge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but is found in offices in which the m ore routine
accounting work is subdivided on a functional basis among several w orkers.




13

FILE

C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter
file s , c la ssifie s and indexes file m aterial such as correspondence, rep orts, technical docu­
m ents, etc. M ay also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction
with the file s .
May lead a sm all group of lower level file clerk s.

C lass B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple (subject matter) head­
ing s _or—
partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings. P repares simple related index and
c ro s s -re fe re n c e aids. A s requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in file s and forwards
m aterial.
May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service file s.

C lass C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been classified or which
is ea sily classified in a simple serial classification system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological,
or num erical). A s requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m a­
terial; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P erform s simple clerical and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and service file s .

CLER K ,

ORDER

R eceives cu stom ers' orders for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the follow ing: Q uoting'prices to cu stom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled. May check with credit
department to determine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receipt of orders from cu stom ers,
follow up orders to see that they have been filled , keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original ord ers.

C LER K ,

P A YR O LL

Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ecessary data on the payroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w orkers' earnings based on time or production records; and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such as w orker's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.

C O M P TO M ETE R OPERATOR
P rim ary duty is to operate a Com ptom eter to perform mathem atical computations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which m ay involve fr e ­
quent use of a Com ptom eter but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance of
other duties.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

C lass A . Operates a numerical an d/or alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to
transcribe data from various source documents to keypunch tabulating card s. P erform s same
tasks as lower level keypunch operator but, in addition, work requires application of coding
skills and the making of some determ inations, for exam ple, locates on the source document
the item s to be punched; extracts information from several documents; and searches for and
interprets information on the document to determ ine information to be punched. May train
inexperienced operators.

14
SE CR E TAR Y— Continued

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR— Continued
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or instructions,
transcribes data from source documents to punched cards. Operates a numerical and/or
alphabetical or combination keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified sequences which have
been coded or prescribed in detail and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting
of data to be punched. Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc., are referred to supervisor.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, over 5, 000 persons; or
e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle
management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several
hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class C

OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office ma­
chines such as sealers or m ailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
responsive relationship to the day-to-day work activities of the supervisor. Works fairly inde­
pendently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical
and secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives telephone calls,
personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the proper persons; (b) establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor's files; (c) maintains
the supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays messages from super­
visor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, memorandums, and reports prepared by others
for the supervisor's signature to assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs
stenographic and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. Examples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet
the "personal" secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in secretarial
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical,
or managerial persons; (d) secretary positions in which the duties are either substantially more
routine or substantially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more responsible technical, admin­
istrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate offic e r," used in the level definitions following, refers to
those officials who have a significant corporate-wide policymaking role with regard to major
company activities. The title "vice president," though normally indicative of this role, does not
in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility is to act per­
sonally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions;
administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be
"corporate officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate officer level) of a major
segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in
all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president)
of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below
corporate-wide functional activity (e.g., marketing,
tions, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational
a major division) of a company that employs, in
employees; or




the officer level) over either a major
research, operations, industrial relasegment (e.g., a regional headquarters;
all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for class B, but whose subordinate staff
normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational
segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes
a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5, 000 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administra­
tive officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE; Many companies assign
stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or
nonsupervisory worker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from one or more
persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May
also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include transcribingmachine work. (See transcribing-machine operator.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary
such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research from one or more persons either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
OR
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsi­
bility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the following: Work requires high degree of
stenographic speed and accuracy; and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office
procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files,
workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical
tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling material for reports, memorandums, letters,
etc.; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and
answering routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. Performs full telephone information service or handles
complex calls, such as conference, collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-time
assignment. ("F u ll" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e.g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problems as to
which extensions are appropriate for calls.)
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform limited telephone information service. ("Limited" telephone information service
occurs if the functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for telephone
information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e.g., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if complex calls are referred to another operator.)

15
SWITCHBOARD O P E R A TO R -R EC EP TIO N IST

TA B U LATIN G -M ACH INE OPERATOR— Continued

In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine clerical work as part of regular
duties.
This typing or clerical work may take the m ajor part of this w ork er's time while at
switchboard.

C lass C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
sorter, reproducing punch, collator, e tc., with specific instructions.
May include simple
wiring from diagram s and som e filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive operations.
TRANSCRIBING-M ACHINE O PERATO R,

TABU LA TIN G -M ACH INE OPERATO R

C lass A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical accounting m achines, typically
including such machines as the tabulator, calculator, interpreter, collator, arid others.
P erform s complete reporting assignm ents without close supervision, and perform s difficult
wiring as required.
The complete reporting and tabulating assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex reports which often are of irregular or nonrecurring type r e ­
quiring som e planning and sequencing of steps to be taken. A s a m ore experienced operator,
is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations, or partially trained
operators in wiring from diagram s and operating sequences of Jong and com plex reports.
Does not include working supervisors perform ing tabulating-machine operations and d a y -to day supervision of the work and production of a group of tabulating-machine operators.

TYPIST
U ses a typewriter to make copies of various m aterial or to make out bills after calcula­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate­
rials for use in duplicating p ro cesses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing records and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incom ing’ m ail.
C lass A . P erform s one or more of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when it
involves combining m aterial from several sources or responsibility for correct spelling,
syi,a „ica tion , punctuation, e tc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial;
and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circum stances.

C lass B . Operates m ore difficult tabulating or electrical accounting machines such as the
tabulator and calculator, in addition to the so rte r, reproducer, and collator.
This work is
perform ed under specific instructions and may include the perform ance of some wiring from
diagram s. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations involving a repetitive
accounting ex e rc ise , a complete but sm all tabulating study, or parts of a longer and m ore
com plex report. Such reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established.
May also include the training of new em ployees in the basic
operation of the machine.

P R O F E S S IO N A L

GENERAL

P rim ary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine records. May also type from written copy and do simple clerical work.
W orkers transcribing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal
briefs or reports on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar machine is classified as a stenographer, general.

C lass B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts;
routine typing of fo rm s , insurance po licies, etc.; and setting up simple standard tabulations,
or copying m ore complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

AND

T L C M iS iiC A L

COM PUTER O PERATO R

COM PUTER PR OGRAM ER,

M onitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to pro cess data according
to operating instructions, usually prepared by a p rogram er. W ork includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, card s, e tc.); switches n ecessary auxiliary equipment into circuit, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to computer to correct operating problem s and m eet
special conditions; reviews e rro rs made during operation and determ ines cause or refers problem
to supervisor or pro gram er; and maintains operating records. May test and a s s is t in correcting
program .

Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problem s by automatic data
processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagram s, the program er develops the precise
instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve desired resu lts. Work involves m ost of the following; Applies knowledge
of computer capabilities, m athem atics, logic employed by com puters, and particular subject matter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the problem to be program ed.
Develops sequence
of program steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data w ill be processed;
converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects program s;
prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and alters
program s to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains records of
program development and revisions. (NO TE; W orkers perform ing both system s analysis and p ro­
graming should be classified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)

For wage study purposes,

computer operators are classified as follow s;

C lass A . O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics; New program s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critical importance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of erro r source often requires a working
knowledge of the total program , and alternate program s m ay not be available. M ay give
direction and guidance to low er level operators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
program s with m ost of the following ch aracteristics; M ost of the program s are established
production runs, typically run on a regularly recurring b a s is ; there is little or no testing
of new program s required; alternate program s are provided in case original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common erro r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously p ro ­
gramed corrective steps, or using standard correction techniques.

BUSINESS

Does not include em ployees p rim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or program ers prim arily concerned with
scientific an d/o r engineering problem s.
F or wage study purposes,

program ers are classified as follows;

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s which
require competence in all phases of programing concepts and practices. Working from dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of desired resu lts, m ajor processing steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving desired end products.

OR
Operates under direct su p erv isio n s computer running program s or segm ents of program s
with the characteristics described for class A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing difficult tasks following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C lass C . W orks on routine program s under close supervision.
Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the computer equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine program s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
M ay a ssist higher level operator on com plex program s.




At this level, programing is difficult because computer equipment m ust be organized to
produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions m ust occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirem ents exceed
computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and re sequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated program .
May provide functional direction to lower level program ers who are assigned to a ssist.

16
COM PUTER P R O G R AM E R ,

BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T ,

C lass B .
W orks independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p rogram s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p rogram s.
P rogram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro cess inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports
and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which are readily available.
While numerous records m ay be
p ro cessed , the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
Typically, the program deals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
W orks on com plex program s (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher
level program er or sup ervisor.
May a s s is t higher level program er by independently p e r ­
form ing le ss difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing m ore difficult tasks under fairly close
direction.
May guide or instruct low er level p ro gram ers.

BUSINESS

Analyzes business problem s to form ulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic
data processing equipment. Develops a com plete description of all specifications needed to enable
program ers to prepare required digital computer pro gram s. Work involves m ost of the following;
Analyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required
to achieve satisfactory resu lts; specifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for
presentation to management and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow ch arts); coordinates the development of test problem s and participates in trial runs of
new and revised sy stem s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NO TE: W ork ers perform ing both system s analysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees prim arily responsible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data processing (EDP) em ployees, or system s analysts prim arily concerned with
scientific or engineering problem s.
For wage study purposes,

system s analysts are classified as follow s;

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s
involving all pnases of system s an alysis. P rob lem s are com plex because of diverse sources
of input data and m u ltip le-u se requirem ents of output data. (For exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory control, cost an alysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically p ro cessed through the full system of records
and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons con­
cerned to determ ine the data p rocessing problem s and advises sub ject-m atter personnel on
the im plications of new or revised system s of data processing operations.
M akes reco m ­
m endations, if needed, for approval of m ajor system s installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional
a ssist.

maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a manufacturing or. w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with persons concerned to determine
the data processing problem s and advises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data processing system s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segment of a com plex data processing scheme or system , as described for
class A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assignm ents. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with in­
structions, and to insure proper alinement with the overall system .
C lass C . W orks under im m ediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. Assign m ents are designed to develop and expand practical experience
in the application of procedures and skills required for system s analysis work. For example,
m ay a s s is t a higher level system s analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required
by pro gram ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSM AN

C lass C . M akes practical applications of program ing practices and concepts usually
learned in form al training cou rses. A ssignm ents are designed to develop competence in the
application of standard procedures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conform ance with
required procedures.

COM PUTER SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

BUSINESS— Continued

direction to low er level system s analysts who are assigned to

C lass B . W orks independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program , and operate. P roblem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related.
(For exam ple, develops system s for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank,

C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. W orks in close sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom mend m inor design changes.
Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of form , function, and positional relationships of com ­
ponents and parts.
W orks with a minim um of supervisory assistance.
Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations.
May
either prepare drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
C lass B . P e rform s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used.
Duties typically in­
volve such work as; P repares working drawings of subassem blies with irregular shapes,
multiple functions, and pre cise positional relationships between components; prepares arch i­
tectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
sections, floor plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ecessary
computations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load capacities, strengths,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice from supervisor.
Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.
C lass C . P repares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction,
manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim insions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources
and adjusts or transposes scale as required.
Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le s s complete when assignm ents recur.
W ork m ay be spot-checked during pro gress.
DRAFTSM AN - TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or pencil.
(Does not include tracing lim ited to plans prim arily
consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
an d/or
P repares sim ple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized item s.
during p ro gress.

Work is closely supervised

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (Registered)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other persons who becom e ill or suffer an accident on the p re m ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following; Giving first aid
to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em ployees' injuries; keeping records
of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a rr y ­
ing out program s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of' all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C AR PE N T ER ,

M AINTENANCE

P e rform s the carpentry duties n ecessary to construct and maintain in good repair building
woodwork and equipment such as bins, crib s, counters, benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs , sta irs,
casings, and trim made of wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning
and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions using a variety




C A R PE N T ER ,

M AINTENANCE— Continued

of carp enter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting m aterials n ecessary
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

17
ELEC TR ICIA N , M AINTENANCE

M ECH AN IC,

P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance,
or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as gen erators, tra n sfo r m e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit break­
e r s , m o to rs, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm ission equipment; working from
blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the
electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician 's handtools and m easuring and
testing instrum ents. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded train ­
ing and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

the various assem b lies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustm ents; and alining w heels,
adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the automotive
mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al appren­
ticeship or equivalent training and experience.

ENGINEER, STATION ARY
Operates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrigeration , or air-conditioning. W ork involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air co m p re sso rs, generators, m otors, turbines, ventilating and re fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam boilers and b o ile r-fe d water pumps; making equipment rep airs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consumption. M ay also su­
pervise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIR EM A N , STATION AR Y BOILER
F ire s stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner;
and checks water and safety valves. M ay clean, oil, or a ssist in repairing boilerroom equipment.
H E L P E R , M AIN TENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance trad e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning .working area , m achine, and equipment; assistin g journeym an by holding m aterials or
to o ls; and perform ing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman.
The kind of work the
helper is permitted to p erform varies from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working area s; and in
others he is perm itted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A TO R ,

TOOLROOM

Specializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine to o ls, such as jig b o r e rs ,
cylindrical or surface grind ers, engine lathes, or m illing m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtu res, or d ies. Work involves m ost of the following: Plan­
ning and perform ing difficult machining operations; processing item s requiring complicated setups
or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of precision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n ecessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need d r e s s ­
ing, to d ress to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils . F or c r o s s ­
industry wage study pu rposes, m achine-tool operators, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing shops
are excluded from this classification.
MACHINIST, M AINTENANCE
Produces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts of m echan­
ical equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the following: Interpreting
written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m a­
chinist's handtools and precision m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine
tools; shaping of metal parts to close toleran ces; making standard shop computations relating to
dimensions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties
of the common m etals; selecting standard m a teria ls, pa rts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m achinist's work
norm ally requires a rounded training in m achine-shop practice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

M ECHANIC,

AUTOM OTIVE (Maintenance)

Repairs autom obiles, bu ses, m otortrucks, and tractors of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
disassem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as
w renches, gages, d r ills, or specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassem bling and installing




AU TOM O TIVE (Maintenance)— Continued

M ECH AN IC, M AINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery or mechanical equipment of an establishm ent.
Work involves most
of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dismantling or partly dismantling machines and perform ing repairs that mainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent part by a machine shop or sending of the
machine to a machine shop for m ajor rep airs; preparing written specifications for m ajor repairs
or for the production of parts ordered from machine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n e cessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a maintenance mechanic r e ­
quires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are w orkers whose prim ary
duties involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLW RIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs machines or
heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves m ost of the fo l­
lowing: Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using
a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e s s e s ,
strength of m aterials, and centers of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting stand­
ard to o ls, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transm ission equipment such as drives and speed reducers.
In general, the m illw right's work
norm ally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
OILER
Lubricates, with oil or g rea se, the moving parts
equipment of an establishm ent.

or wearing surfaces

of mechanical

PA IN T ER , M AINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different
applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils,
white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the
work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M AINTENANCE

Installs or repairs w ater, steam , gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent.
Work involves m ost of the following:
Laying out of work and m easuring to lo ­
cate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe
to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machine; thread­
ing pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating
to p re ssu re s, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether
finished pipes m eet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience. W orkers p rim arily engaged in installing and repairing building sanita­
tion or heating system s are excluded.
PL U M B ER ,

M AIN TE N A N C E

Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order. Work involves: Knowledge
of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents and traps in plumbing system ; installing or r e ­
pairing pipes and fixtures; and opening clogged drains with a plunger or p lu m b er's snake. In
general, the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER, M AINTENANCE
F a b ricates, in stalls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fix ­
tures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lock ers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts,
m etal roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying
out all types of sh eet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifications;
setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of

18
S H E E T -M E T A L W ORK ER , M AIN TENANCE----Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

handtools in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheetmetal a rticles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sh eet-m etal worker requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

using a variety of tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; under­
standing of the working properties of common m etals and alloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n ecessary shop computations relating to dimensions
of work, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of metal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to close tolerances;
fitting and assem bling of parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate
m aterials, tools, and p ro cesses. In general, the tool and die m aker’ s work requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experience.
K

TOOL AND DIE M AKER
(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker: fixture m aker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs m achine-shop to o ls, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgings,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work.
W ork involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications;

For cro ss-in d u stry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classification.

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
GUARD AND W ATCH M AN
Guard. P e rfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
order, using arm s or force where n e cessary.
Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises periodically in protecting property against fire ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR,

PO R TE R ,

OR CLEANER

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
Prepares m erchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible for incoming ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping work involves: A knowledge of shipping
procedures, p ra ctices, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges, and
keeping a file of shipping reco rd s. M ay direct or a ssist in preparing the merchandise for ship­
ment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the correctness of
shipments against bills of lading, invoices, or other reco rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or m aterials to proper departments; and maintaining n eces­
sary records and file s .

(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are classified as follows:
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and w ashroom s, or
prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m in gs; providing supplies and minor maintenance se rv ice s; and cleaning lavatories, show­
e r s , and restroo m s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
L A B O R ER , M A T E R IA L HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman or stock helper; w are­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, car, or w heelbarrow. Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m aterials, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. M ay also load or unload truck with or without helpers,
make minor mechanical rep airs, and keep truck in good working order. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and type of equipment,
as follow s:
(T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of trailer capacity.)

ORDER FIL LE R
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored m erchandise in accord­
ance with specifications on sales slip s, cu sto m e rs' o rd ers, or other instructions. M ay, inaddition
to filling orders and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep records of outgoing ord ers, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to sup ervisor, and perform other related duties.

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under IV2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

TR U CK ER ,

POWER

P A CK E R , SHIPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con­
tainers, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of items in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following; Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.

For wage study purposes, w orkers are classified by type of truck, as follow s:
T rucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

A vailab le O n

Request

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .

A bilen e, Tex.
Alaska
A l b a n y , Ga.
A l e x a n d r i a , La.
A l p e n a , S t a ndish , and T a w a s C it y , M ic h .
A m arillo, Tex.
A n n A r b o r , M ic h .
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A t l a n t i c C it y , N.J.
A u g u s t a , G a.—S .C .
A u s t in , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C a lif .
Baton R ou g e, La.
B i l l i n g s , M on t.
B i l o x i , G u l f p o r t , and P a s c a g o u l a , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m f o r d , Con n.
C h a r l e s t o n , S .C .
Cheyenne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e r m . , and H o p k i n s v i l l e , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p rings, C olo.
C o l u m b i a , S .C .
C o l u m b u s , G a.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a t u r , 111.
D oth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , Min n.—W i s .
S
D u r h a m , N .C .
E l P a so, Tex.
Eugene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. Dak.—Minn.
M
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F itch bu rg— e o m in s t e r , M ass.
L
F o r t S m ith , A r k . —O kla .
F r e d e r i c k - H a g e r s t o w n , M d . - P a . - W . Va.
G r e a t F a l l s , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o r - W i n s t o n S a l e m — ig h P o i n t , N .C .
H
H arrisb u rg, Pa.
H a r t f o r d , Conn.
H u n t s v ille , A la .

C op ies of public re le a s e s are

K n o x v i l l e , T e n n.
L a red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , Nev.
L e x in g t o n , K y.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , Md.—Va.
L y n c h b u r g , Va.
M a c o n , Ga.
M a d i s o n , W is .
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r i e , Mich.
M eridian, M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M o n m o u th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M o n t g o m e r y , Ala .
N a s h v i l l e , Ten n.
N e w L o n d o r r -G r o t o n — o r w i c h , Conn.
N
N o r t h e a s t e r n M a in e
O g d e n , Utah
O r l a n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n tu r a , C a lif .
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P i n e B lu ff , A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N.H.—M a in e — a s s .
M
P u eb lo, C olo.
R e n o , Nev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s .
Salin a s —M o n t e r e y , C a lif.
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif .
S h r e v e p o r t , La.
S p r i n g f i e l d — h i c o p e e — o l y o k e , M a s s . —Conn.
C
H
S t o c k to n , C a lif .
T a c o m a , W a sh .
T op ek a , Kans.
T u cson , A riz.
V a l d o s t a , Ga.
V a l l e j o ^ N a p a , C a lif .
W ichita F a lls , Tex.
W il m in g t o n , D e l.—N .J .—M d.

T h e e le v e n t h annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l ,
b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s , e n g i n e e r s , e n g i n e e r i n g t e c h n i c i a n s , d r a f t s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p l o y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1693, N a tio na l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 . 0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s ,
U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f it s r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




☆

U. S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1971

432-169 / 44




A rea W age

Surveys

A l is t o f the l a t e s t a v a ila b le b u ll e t in s is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s tu d ie s in c lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s tu d ie s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a g e and H o u r D i v i s i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t . B u lle t in s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u pe rin te n de n t of
D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h in g t o n , D . C . , 20402, o r f r o m any o f the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s show n on the in s i d e fro n t c o v e r .

Area

B u lle t in n u m b e r
and p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u ly 1970____________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 8 ,
A l b a n ^ - S c h e n e c t a d ^ T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1971 1 ________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 4 ,
A l b u q u e r q u e , N. M e x . , M a r . 1971_______________________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 8 ,
A lle n to w n —B e t h le h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1970 1
_ 1660-83,
A tla n ta, G a . , M a y 1970 1__________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 6 ,
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1970 1_____________________________ 16 8 5-1 8,
B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i—O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ------- 1 6 6 0 - 8 4 ,
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 6 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1970___________________________
1660-57,
B o i s e C it y , Idaho, N ov. 1 9 7 0 1 ______________________ ____ 1 6 8 5 - 2 1 ,
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1970 1 ______________________________ 1 6 8 5-1 1,
B u f f a lo , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 3 ,
B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r . 1970_______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 3 ,
C a nton, O h i o , M a y 1970 1_________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 8 1 ,
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 1971__________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 5 7 ,
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , Jan. 1971----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 8 ,
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1970 1 __________________ 1 6 8 5 - 1 0 ,
1660-90,
C h i c a g o , 111., June 1970__________________________________
C in c in n a t i, Ohicr-K y.—I n d . , F e b . 1971 1--------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 3 ,
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , Sept. 1 9 7 0 1 ------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 8 ,
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 3 ,
D a l l a s , T e x . , O ct . 1970* _________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 2 ,
D a v e n p o r t —R o c k Isla nd— o l i n e , Iowa—111.,
M
F e b . 1971 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 5 1 ,
D a yto n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 0 1_________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 4 5 ,
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1970_________________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 4 1 ,
1660-73,
D e s M o i n e s , Iow a, M a y 1970 1 __________________________
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 7 0 ________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 8 ,
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1970 1 ___________________________
1685-25,
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1970 1------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 4 ,
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 0 ______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 7 9 ,
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1970_________________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 6 7 ,
I n d ia n a p o lis , Ind., O c t . 1 9 7 0 1___________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 1 ,
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 9 ,
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1970 1 --------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 7 ,
K a n s a s C it y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1970 1---------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 6 ,
L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , June 1970 1------------ 1 6 6 0 - 8 2 ,
L ittle R o c k ^ N o r t h L it tle R o c k , A r k . , J u ly 1970 1------- 1 6 8 5 - 1 ,
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h and A n a h e im —Santa AnarG a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1970______________________ 1 6 6 0 - 6 4 ,
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—Ind., N o v . 1970__________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 7 ,
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________ 1 6 6 0 - 5 0 ,
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u ly 1970 1 ___________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 2 ,
M e m p h i s , T e n n . - A r k . , N o v . 1970___________________ ___ 1 6 8 5 - 3 0 ,
M i a m i , F l a . , N ov. 1 9 7 0 1---------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 2 9 ,
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x . , Jan. 1971__________________
1685-40,
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1____________________________
1660-74,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M in n ., Jan. 1971------------------------ 1 6 8 5 - 4 4 ,
Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




30 c e n t s
35ce n ts
30ce n ts
35c e n t s
50ce n ts
50ce n ts
30c e n t s
30 ce n ts
30ce n ts
35 ce n ts
50 c e n t s
50c e n ts
25ce n ts
35c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30c e n ts
35c e n t s
60 c e n t s
45 ce n ts
50ce n ts
40 c e n ts
50c e n ts
30c e n ts
40 c e n ts
35c e n ts
35c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35c e n ts
30ce n ts
35 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35 ce n ts
45 c e n ts
35c e n t s
35c e n t s
45 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35ce n ts
35c e n ts
30 ce n ts
40 ce n ts
30ce n ts
50 c e n ts
40 ce n ts

A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e ig h t s , M i c h . , June 1 9 7 0 1_____
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C it y , N . J . , Jan. 1971_______________
New H av e n, C o n n ., Jan. 1971____________________________
New O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1971 1 ___________________________
New Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H a m p t o n , V a . , Jan. 1971 1 ---------------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C it y , O k la . , J u ly 1970_________________________
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970* ________________________
P a t e r so n — lif t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1970 1__________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J . , N o v. 1970_______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1970 1______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v . 1970______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . - W a s h . , M a y 1970 1_____________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . - M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 7 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1970 1________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 0 1______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly ),
A u g . 1970___________________________________________________
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1970 1 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1970___________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 0 * ________________________
San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1970_____________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r side — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 197 0 1_________________________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1970_____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d , C a l i f . , O ct . 1970______________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970_______________________________
Sa va nnah, G a . , M a y 1970 1________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1970 1_________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., Jan. 1971 1_____________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., D e c . 1970 1-------------------------------------South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1 9 7 0 * ____________________________
Sp o k a n e , W a s h . , June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ________________________________
T a m p a r S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970________________
T o l e d o , O h i o ^ M i c h . , F e b . 1970__________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________________
Uticar— o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 ____________________________
R
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . - M d . - V a . , A p r . 1971--------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n ., M a r . 1971------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iow a, N o v. 1970 1 ---------------------------------------------W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1 ---------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 0 1 __________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1971______________________________________
Y o u n g s t o w n - W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v. 1970__________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r i c e
1660-85,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

35
40
30
40
75

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
c e n ts

1685-46,
1685-5,
16 8 5- 14,
1660-87,
1685-34,
1660-70,
1685-49,
1685-19,
1660-77,

35
30
35
45
50
35
50
30
40

c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents
ce n ts
cents
ce n ts
c e n ts
cents

1660-72,
1685-12,
1660-65,

30 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
40 ce n ts

1685-7,
1660-75,
1660-66,
1685-26,
1660-71,

30
35
40
35
30

ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1 6 8 5- 1 3,
1660-80,
1685-3,
1685-52,
1685-38,
1660-62,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1 6 85- 17,
1660-56,
1 6 8 5- 15,
1685-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1685-32,
1660-69,
1660-78,
1685-50,
1685-24,

40
30
40
30
35
35
35
35
35
35
30
30
30
35
30
40
30
35
35
35
30
30

c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
c e n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G TO N , D.C.

20212

O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
P E N A L T Y FO R P R IV A T E USE, $ 3 0 0




POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
FIRST CLASS MAIL

!


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102