View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

AREA WAGE SURVEY
A lbany—Schenectady—Troy, N ew York,
M etropolitan Area, M arch 1973
Bulletin 1775-62




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ B u r e a u of Labor Statistics




P re fac e
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u lt s o f a M a rch 1973 su r v e y of o ccu p atio n al
e a rn in g s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age b e n e fits in the A lb a n y -S c h en ec ta d y — r o y , New
T
Y o rk , S ta n d ard M e tro p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a (A lban y, R e n s s e l a e r , S a r a t o g a , and
S ch en ectad y C o u n tie s). The su rv e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f the B u re a u of L a b o r
S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ual a r e a w age su rv e y p r o g r a m . Th e p r o g r a m i s d e sig n e d to y ie ld
d a ta fo r in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a r e a s , a s w e ll a s n atio n a l and re g io n a l e s t i ­
m a te s fo r a ll S ta n d ard M e tro p o lita n A r e a s in the U nited S t a t e s , exclu d in g A la s k a
and H aw aii, (a s defin ed by the U .S. O ffic e of M an agem en t and B u dget through
N o v em b e r 1971).
A m a jo r c o n sid e ra tio n in the a r e a w age su r v e y p r o g r a m i s the n eed to
d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m o vem en t of w a g e s in a v a r ie t y of la b o r m a r k e t s , through
the a n a ly s is of (1) the le v e l and d istr ib u tio n of w a g e s by o c cu p a tio n , and (2) the
m o vem en t o f w a g e s by o c cu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l. Th e p r o g r a m d e ­
v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u se d fo r m an y p u r p o s e s , in clu din g w age and
s a l a r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c tiv e b a rg a in in g , and a s s is t a n c e in d e term in in g plan t
lo catio n . S u rv e y r e s u lt s a l s o a r e u se d by the U .S. D ep a rtm e n t of L a b o r to m ak e
w age d e te rm in a tio n s u n d er the S e r v ic e C o n tra c t A ct of 1965.
C u rr e n tly , 96 a r e a s a r e in clu d ed in the p r o g r a m . (See l i s t of a r e a s on
in sid e b a c k c o v e r .)
In eac h a r e a , o c cu p a tio n a l e a r n in g s d ata a r e c o lle c te d
ann ually. In fo rm atio n on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w age b e n e ­
f i t s , c o lle c te d e v e ry se co n d y e a r in the p a s t , i s now ob tain ed e v e ry th ird y e a r .
E a c h y e a r a fte r a ll in d iv id u al a r e a w age s u r v e y s h ave b een co m p le te d ,
two su m m a ry b u lle tin s a r e is s u e d .
The f i r s t b r in g s to g e th e r d ata fo r each
m e tro p o lita n a r e a su rv e y e d . The se co n d su m m a ry b u lle tin p r e s e n t s n atio n al and
re g io n a l e s t im a t e s , p r o je c te d fro m in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a r e a d ata.
The A lbany— ch en ectad y — r o y su rv e y w a s con d ucted by the B u r e a u 's
S
T
r e g io n a l o ffic e in New Y o rk , N .Y ., u nder the g e n e r a l d ire c tio n o f A lvin I. M a r g u lis,
A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D ir e c to r fo r O p e ra tio n s.
Th e su r v e y co u ld not h ave been
a c c o m p lish e d w ithout the co o p e ra tio n o f the m an y f ir m s w h ose w age and s a l a r y
d a ta p ro v id e d the b a s i s fo r the s t a t i s t ic a l in fo rm a tio n in th is b u lle tin . The B u re a u
w ish e s to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n re c e iv e d .

Note:
A lso a v a ila b le fo r the A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y -T ro y a r e a a r e lis t in g s of union
w age r a t e s fo r bu ildin g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , lo c a l - t r a n s it o p e ra tin g e m p lo y e e s,
lo c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s.
F r e e c o p ie s of
th e se a r e a v a ila b le fro m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See b a c k c o v e r fo r
a d d r e s s e s .)

AREA W A G E SU R VEY

Bulletin 1775-62
J u ly 1 9 7 3

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Peter J. Brennan, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

A lbany—Schenectady—Troy, N ew York, M etropolitan A rea, M arch 1973
CONTENTS
Page
2 In trod u c tio n
W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro u p s

6

T ab le s ;
5
7

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s and w o r k e r s w it h in s c op e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r studied
In d exes o f e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , and p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s
P e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , a d ju s te d f o r e m p l o y m e n t shifts

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n i n g s :
A -l.
O f f i c e o c c u p atio n s : W e e k l y e arn in g s
A-2.
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c up atio ns : W e e k l y e a r r i n g s
A-3.
O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s , b y s e x
A-4.
M a in ten a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t oc c u p atio ns : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
A-5.
C u s to d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t oc c u p atio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
A - 6.
M a in ten a n c e , p o w e r p l a n t , c u s to d ia l, and m a t e r i a l ha ndling o c c u p atio n s :
A v e r a g e hourly earnings, by sex

B.

8

1.
2.
3.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B -l.
M i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
B-2.
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s
B-3.
Sched ule d w e e k l y hours and days
B-4.
Annual paid h o lid a y s
B - 4 a . Id e n ti f i c a ti o n o f m a j o r p aid ho lid a ys
B-5.
P a i d v a c a tio n s
B -6.
H ealth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans

9
11
12

13
14
16

17
18
19
20
21
22

25
27

Ap p end ix.

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 55 cents domestic postpaid or 40 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

Introd uctio n
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 96 in w h ich the U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a tis tic s con du ct s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
and r e l a t e d b e n e f its on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1 In this a r e a , data w e r e
ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e s e n t a ­
t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa ctu rin g;
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r publi c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e
t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; fi n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r in d u s tr y g ro u p s e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s e stu die s a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d
b e c a u s e o f i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the o ccup atio ns studied. S e p a ­
r a te tabulation s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s
wh ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occup ation
is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r ( 2 ) t h e r e
is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data. E a r n in g s
data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in all
i n d u s t r i e s c o m b i n e d data, w h e r e shown. L i k e w i s e , data a r e included
in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c t r o n i c s
te c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s data a r e shown f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y sched ule .
E a r n i n g s data e x c lu d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and late s h ifts . N o n p r o d u c tio n b on uses a r e e x ­
cluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n in g s a r e i n ­
cluded. W h e r e w e e k l y hours a r e r e p o r t e d , as f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u ­
p atio ns , r e f e r e n c e is to the standard w o r k w e e k (roun ded to the n e a r e s t
h a l f hour) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r an d/or p r e m i u m
rates).
A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th e s e oc c u p a tio n s a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s i s . T h e s a m ­
p lin g p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e t a i l e d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w it h in the s c op e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r
o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p l e is
s e l e c t e d , w ith each e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f
s e l e c t i o n . T o ob ta in o p ti m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r
p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d . When data
a r e c o m b i n e d , eac h e s t a b l i s h m e n t is w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a ­
b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un b ia se d e s t i m a t e s a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x ­
a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g i v e n a
w e i g h t o f fo u r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus t h r e e o t h e r s . An a l t e r n a t e o f the
s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is c h o s e n in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
c a tio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If
no s u it ab le substitu te is a v a i l a b l e , a d d i f i o n a l w e i g h t is a s s i g n e d to a
s a m p l e m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f ind iv id u al o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n ge s . T h e a v e r ­
a g e s f o r i n d iv id u a l job s a r e a f f e c t e d by c han ges in w a g e s and e m p l o y ­
m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by
h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d ­
v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d by ne w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
Such shif ts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n though m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s during
the y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s , shown in ta b le 2,
a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than i n d iv id u a l jo b s with in the
groups.

O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follo w in g typ es:
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s to d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n i f o r m set o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to take ac coun t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in duties w ith in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e
l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in the ap pendix. U n le s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the
e a r n i n g s data f o l l o w i n g the j o b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d .
E a r n i n g s data f o r s o m e o f the oc c u p atio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r
f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in o c c u p a tio n s , a r e not p r e s e n t e d in
1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N .Y . (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .; Rochester, N .Y . (office occupations only); Syracuse, N.Y. ; and Utica—Rome, N.Y.
In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In ­
d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and j o b s ta ffin g , and
thus c o n trib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r each j o b . P a y a v e r ­
a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am on g jo b s in
i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e p ay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a ­
tions should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p ay o f the s e x e s
w it h in i n d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s which m a y c on trib u te to
d i f f e r e n c e s in c lu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , since
areas o n l y the r a t e s p aid in cum b ents a r e c o l l e c t e d , and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e ­
c i f i c duties w it h in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p ­
tio n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e
g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r
m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

2

3
O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in all
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s within the s c op e o f the study and not the nu m b e r ac tu ­
a l l y s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s am ong e s t a b lis h m e n ts
d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f oc c u p atio n al e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m the s a m p le
o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s studied s e r v e o n ly to i n d ic a te the r e l a t i v e i m p o r ­
ta n c e o f the jo b s studied. T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e
do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f the e a r n in g s data.

Establishm en t P r a c t ic e s

and S u p p le m e n ta r y W a ge P r o v i s i o n s

I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) on s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s f o r p lantw o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s . Data f o r i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s not p r e s e n t e d
s e p a r a t e l y a r e included in the e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . " A d m i n ­
i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c tio n
w o r k e r s who a r e u t i l i z e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x clud ed .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in clu de w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k ­
ers
(includ in g l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o ffic e fu n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in clu de w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d functions.
C afeteria
w o r k e r s and r o u te m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g i n d u s tr i e s , but
i n c lu d e d in no nm anu fa cturin g i n d u s t r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s
o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d .
(S ee ta b le B - l . )
B ecause
o p tim u m s a m p l i n g te chn iq ues used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e
l i s h m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s ta b l i s h m e n ts to have
e n tr a n c e r a t e s ab ov e the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the ta b le is m o r e
s e n ta t iv e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .

rela te
o f the
estab­
form al
repre­

Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l data a r e l i m i t e d to p l a n t w o r k e r s in m a n u ­
fa c tu r in g in d u s t r i e s . (S ee ta b le B - 2 . ) T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d
in t e r m s o f ( 1 ) e s ta b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y ^ f o r to ta l p l a n t w o r k e r e m p l o y ­
m e n t, and ( 2 ) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e f o r w o r k e r s a c tu a l l y e m p l o y e d on the
s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y .
In e s ta b l i s h m e n ts having
v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the amount ap p lyin g to a m a j o r i t y is us ed; i f no
amount a p p lie s to a m a j o r i t y , the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " is us ed. In e s ­
t a b l i s h m e n t s havin g s o m e l a t e - s h i f t hours p aid at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f ­
f e r e n c e is r e c o r d e d on ly i f it a p p lie s to a m a j o r i t y o f the shift h o u r s .
T h e s c hed uled w e e k l y hours and days o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t a r e ta bulate d as ap p lyin g to
a l l o f the p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t . (See
ta b le B - 3 . ) Sched ule d w e e k l y hours and days a r e th ose wh ich a m a ­
j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s a r e e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h eth e r th ey a r e
p aid s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e r a t e s .

tions:
shifts.
during

2An establishment is considered as having a policy if it met either of the following condi­
(1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering late
An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late shifts
the 12 months before the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating late shifts.




P a i d h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ti o n s ; and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n ­
sion plans a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on the b a s is that th es e a r e a p p l i ­
c a b le to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f a m a j o r i t y o f such w o r k ­
e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n tu a lly q u a l i fy f o r the p r a c t i c e s lis te d .
(S ee ta b le s B - 4 th rough B - 6 .) Sums o f ind iv id u al i t e m s in ta b le s B - 2
th ro ugh B - 6 m a y not equal to ta ls b e ca u s e o f rounding.
Data on paid h o lid a y s a r e l i m i t e d to h o lid a y s g ran te d annu­
a l l y on a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( 1 ) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r
(2) a r e e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s to m . (S ee tab le B - 4 . ) H o lid a y s o r d i n a r i l y
g ra n te d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n though th ey m a y f a l l on a no nw o rk d ay and
the w o r k e r is not g r a n te d another day off. T h e f i r s t p a r t o f the paid
h o lid a y s tab le p r e s e n t s the nu m ber o f w h ole and h a lf ho lid a ys actu a lly
g ra n te d .
T h e s eco nd p a r t c om b in e s w h o le and h a lf h o lid a y s to show
to ta l h o lid a y t i m e .
T a b l e B - 4 a r e p o r t s the i n c id e n c e o f the m o s t
c o m m o n paid h o l i d a y s .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a tio n plans is a s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e of
v a c a t i o n p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than a m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s
a c tu a l l y r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e fits . (See ta ble B - 5 . ) P r o v i s i o n s apply
to a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b l i s h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s
o f leng th o f s e r v i c e . P a y m e n t s on ot h e r than a t i m e b as is a r e c o n ­
v e r t e d to a t i m e p e r i o d ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s
a r e c o n s i d e r e d e q u i v a l e n t to 1 w e e k s ' pay. O nly b a s ic plans a r e i n ­
cluded. E s t i m a t e s e x c lu d e v a c a tio n bonuses, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans,
and " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyo nd b a s ic plans.
Such
p r o v i s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in the s t e e l , alum inu m , and can i n d u s tr ie s .
H e alth , i n s u r a n c e , and pe n s ion plans f o r whic h the e m p l o y e r
p ays at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t in clude th ose ( 1 ) u n d e r w r itte n by a
c o m m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c om p a n y o r n o n p r ofit o r g a n i z a t i o n , ( 2 ) p r o v i d e d
th ro ugh a union fund, o r (3) paid d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r out of c u r ­
ren t o p e r a t i n g funds o r f r o m a fund set as id e f o r this p u r p o s e. (See
tab le B - 6 .) A n e s t a b l i s h m e n t is c o n s i d e r e d to ha ve such a plan i f the
m a j o r i t y o f e m p l o y e e s a r e c o v e r e d under the plan e v e n i f l e s s than a
m a j o r i t y e l e c t to p a r t i c i p a t e b e ca u s e e m p l o y e e s a r e r e q u i r e d to c o n ­
tr ib u te t o w a r d the c o s t o f the plan.
E x c lu d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d
plans, such as w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d
retirem en t.
S ic k n e s s and a c c id en t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that type o f i n ­
s u ran c e under which p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p a y m e n ts a r e m ad e d i r e c t l y
to the i n s u r e d dur ing t e m p o r a r y i l l n e s s o r a c c id en t d i s a b i l i t y . I n f o r ­
m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll such plans to whic h the e m p l o y e r c o n ­
t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , whic h have enacted
t e m p o r a r y d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e law s r e q u i r i n g e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 3
plans a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f the e m p l o y e r ( 1 ) c on trib u tes m o r e than is
l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r ( 2 ) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e with b e n e fits which e x ­
c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the law . T a b u la tio n s o f paid s ic k l e a v e plans
3
contributions.

The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer

4
a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 wh ic h p r o v i d e fu ll pay o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f
the w o r k e r ' s pay durin g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k beca u s e o f i l l n e s s . S e p a ­
r a t e ta bulations a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to ( 1 ) plans wh ich p r o v i d e fu ll
p ay and no w a itin g p e r i o d , and ( 2 ) plans w h ich p r o v i d e e i t h e r p a r t i a l
p ay o r a w a it in g p e r i o d . In a d d ition to the p r e s e n ta ti o n o f p r o p o r t i o n s
o f w o r k e r s p r o v i d e d s i c k n e s s and a c c id en t in s u r a n c e o r paid s ic k
l e a v e , an undu plicated to ta l is shown o f w o r k e r s who r e c e i v e e i t h e r
o r both t y p e s o f b e n e f i ts .

the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e ­
m e n t b e n e f its . F u l l o r p a r t i a l p ay m e n t s a r e a l m o s t a l w a y s r e d u c e d by
s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a tio n , and p r i v a t e p e n s io n b e n e fits
p a y a b le to the d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e plans p r o t e c t e m p l o y e e s f r o m s i c k ­
ne s s and i n j u r y e x p e n s e s beyo nd the c o v e r a g e o f b a s i c h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n ,
m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p la n s . T y p i c a l f e a t u r e s o f m a j o r m e d i c a l plans
a r e (1) a " d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0) p aid b y the i n s u r e d b e f o r e b e n e f its
L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e plans p r o v i d e p ay m e n ts to
begin; ( 2 ) a c o i n s u r a n c e f e a t u r e r e q u i r i n g th e i n s u r e d to p a y a p o r t i o n
t o t a l l y d i s a b l e d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r p aid s ic k l e a v e
( e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s ; and (3) s ta te d d o l l a r m a x i m u m
an d/ or s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d
b e n e fits ( e . g . , $ 10, 000 a y e a r ) . M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e p r o v i d e s c o m p l e t e
p e rio d of d isa b ility (ty p ica lly 6 m onths).
P a y m e n t s a r e m a d e until
o r p a r t i a l p a y m e n t o f d o c t o r s ' f e e s . D e nta l i n s u r a n c e u s u a lly c o v e r s
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the minimum f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s . E x c lu d e d a r e plans w h ich c o v e r on ly
o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e . R e t i r e m e n t p e n s io n plans p r o v i d e
number of days of sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written, but
p ay m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
informal sick leave allowances, determined on
Individual basis, are excluded.




5

T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y an d n u m b e r stu d ied in A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , 1
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n , M a rc h 1 9 7 3
Number of establishm ents
Industry division

All d iv isio n s____________________________
M anufacturing_______________________________
Nonm anufacturing____________________________
Transportation, communication, and
other public u tilitie s5____________________
W holesale trad e— ______________________
___
Retail tr a d e ___
__ _____________________
Finance, insurance, and real estate _____
S erv ice s 8___ _________________________ ___ -

Minimum
employment
in e sta b lish ­
ments in scope
of study

Workers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Within scope
of study3

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied
Number

Percent

Plant

Office
T otal4

_

390

115

109,037

100

65,897

17, 001

71,799

50
-

123
267

40
75

53,489
55,548

49
51

34,866
31, 031

6, 278
10,723

41,567
30, 232

50
50
50
50
50

34
48
94
40
51

13
11
19
10
22

12, 029
6,406
20, 155
8,471
8,487

11
6
18
8
8

7, 114

>
>
7)
6)

2, 023
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

10,391
2, 983
7,995
2, 781
6, 082

1 The Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic al A re a, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through November 1971, co n sists of Albany, R en sse lae r, Saratoga,
and Schenectady Counties. The "w o rkers within scope of study" e stim ates shown in this table provide a reasonably accu rate description of the size and com position of the labor force included in
the survey. The e stim ates are not intended, however, to serv e a s a b a sis of com parison with other employment indexes for the are a to m easure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys req u ires the use of establishm ent data com piled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded from the scope of the survey.
8 The 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual was used in classify in g establishm ents by industry division.
3 Includes all establishm ents with total employment at or above the minimum lim itation. A ll outlets (within the are a) of com panies in such in du stries as trad e , finance, auto repair serv ice ,
and motion picture th eaters a re considered a s 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fessio n al, and other w orkers excluded from the sep arate plant and office categ o ries.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilitie s" in the A - and B - s e r ie s tab le s. T axicabs and se rv ic e s incidental to w ater tran sportation were excluded. The m ajor local and suburban tran sit system is
governm entally owned and operated and therefore is excluded from the scope of the survey.
6 This industry division is represen ted in estim ates for " a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab le s, and for " a ll in d u strie s" in the S e rie s B tab le s. Separate presentation of
data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the following reason s: (1) Employment in the division is too sm all to provide enough data to m erit sep arate study, (2) the sam ple was not
designed initially to perm it sep arate presentation, (3) respon se was insufficient or inadequate to perm it sep arate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssibility of d isclo su re of individual establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry division are rep resen ted in e stim ates for " a ll in d u strie s" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S e rie s A tab le s, but from the re a l estate portion only in estim ates
for " a ll in d u strie s" in the S e r ie s B tab le s. Sep arate presentation of data for this division is not made for one or m ore of the reaso n s given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other person al s e r v ic e s; bu sin ess s e r v ic e s; automobile rep a ir, -ental, and parking; motion p ictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and arch itectu ral se rv ic e s.

Industrial com position in manufacturing
About one-half of the w orkers within scope of the survey in the Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy area were employed in m anufacturing firm s. The following presen ts the m ajor industry
groups and sp ecific in du stries a s a percent of all m anufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific in dustries

M achinery, except e le c tr ic a l_44
Food and kindred products____ 7
P ap er and allied p r o d u c ts____ 7
Printing and publishing_______ 7
Stone, clay, and g la ss
products_____________________ 7
A pparel and other textile
products_____________________ 6
Chem icals and allied
products_____________________ 6
T extile m ill products__________ 5

Engines and tu rb in e s__________ 43
M iscellaneous nonm etallic
m in eral p ro d u cts____________ 6
P a p e rm ills, except
building p a p e r_______________ 5

This information is based on e stim a te s of total employment derived from universe
m ate rials com piled p rio r to actual survey. Proportions in v ariou s industry divisions may
differ from proportions based on the re su lts of the survey a s shown in table 1 above.




Labor-m anagem ent agreem ent coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of plantworkers and officew orkers
employed in establishm ents in which a contract or contracts covered a m ajority of the w orkers
in the resp ective ca te g o rie s, Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y ., M arch 1973:
Plantw orkers
A ll in d u stries_________ _ _____
M anufacturing________________
Public u tilitie s _______________

67
87
100

Officeworkers
17
9
90

An establishm ent is considered to have a contract covering a ll plantworkers or
officew orkers if a m ajority of such w orkers a re covered by a labor-m anagem ent agreem ent.
T h erefore, all other plantw orkers or officew orkers are employed in establishm ents that either
do not have labor-m anagem ent contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of th eir plantw orkers or officew orkers. E stim ates are not n e c e ssa rily represen tative
of the extent to which a ll w orkers in the a re a m ay be covered by the provisions of labormanagement agreem en ts, because sm all establishm ents are excluded and the industrial scope
of the survey is lim ited.

W a g e T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e w e e k l y s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r i a l
n u r s e s , and in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s.
T h e in d e x e s a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e , e x p r e s s e d as a
p e r c e n t o f w a g e s durin g the b a s e p e r i o d .
Su btractin g 100 f r o m the
in d e x y i e l d s the p e r c e n t change in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r i o d to the
date o f the in dex. T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to w a g e
c han ges b e t w e e n the i n d i c a te d d ate s . A n nu a l r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h e r e
shown, r e f l e c t the amount o f i n c r e a s e f o r 12 months when the t i m e
p e r i o d b e t w e e n s u r v e y s w a s o t h e r than 12 months.
T h ese com pu­
ta tio ns a r e b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n that w a g e s i n c r e a s e d at a con stant
r a te b e t w e e n s u r v e y s .
T h e s e e s t i m a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f chan ge in
a v e r a g e s f o r the a r e a ; th e y a r e not in ten d ed to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p ay
c han ges in the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .

T h e ind ex is a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g i v e n t i m e and is e x ­
p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f w a g e s in the b as e y e a r .
T h e b a s e y e a r is
a s s i g n e d the v a l u e o f 100 p e r c e n t .
T h e in d e x is c om p u te d by m u l t i ­
p ly in g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100 p e r c e n t ) b y the r e l a t i v e (the p e r c e n t
chan ge plus 100 p e r c e n t ) f o r the next s u c c e e d in g y e a r and then c o n ­
tinuing to m u l t i p l y (com pound) e ach y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y the p r e v i o u s
y e a r ' s index.
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r the n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s i v e o f e a r n in g s f o r o v e r t i m e .
F o r p l a n t w o r k e r g ro u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e chan ges in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e xclud ing
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te shifts.
T h e p e r c e n t s a r e b a s e d on data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pations and inclu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y im p o r t a n t jo b s w ith in
e ach gro up.

M e th o d o f C o m p u tin g
E a c h o f the f o l l o w i n g k e y oc c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p is a s s i g n e d a con st ant w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o p o r t i o n a t e e m ­
p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p ;
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookke eping- machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A, B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-machine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

L i m i t a t i o n s o f Data
T h e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f change, as m e a s u r e s of chan ge
in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n flu e n c e d b y;
(1) G e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e
c h a n ge s , (2) m e r i t o r ot h e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y ind ivid ual
w o r k e r s w h i l e in the s a m e j o b , and (3) c han ges in a v e r a g e w a g e s due
to chan ges in the l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r tu r n o v e r , f o r c e
e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and changes in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k ­
e r s e m p l o y e d by e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s . C han ges in
the l a b o r f o r c e can cau s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the o c c u p a tio n a l
a v e r a g e s withou t actu al w a g e chan ges.
It is c o n c e i v a b l e that e v en
though a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s , a v e r a g e
w a g e s m a y h a ve d e c l i n e d b e c a u s e l o w e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d
the a r e a o r expanded t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s . S i m i l a r l y , w a g e s m a y ha ve
r e m a i n e d r e l a t i v e l y const ant, y e t a v e r a g e s f o r an a r e a m a y ha ve r i s e n
c o n s i d e r a b l y b e c a u s e h i g h e r - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e n t e r e d the a r e a .

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, material handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

T h e us e o f con stant e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f changes in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in eac h job i n ­
clud ed in the data.
T h e p e r c e n t s o f chan ge r e f l e c t on ly changes in
a v e r a g e p ay f o r s t r a i g h t - t i m e hours.
T h e y a r e not i n flu e n ce d by
chan ges in s tan da rd w o r k s c h e d u le s , as such, o r b y p r e m i u m p ay
for overtim e.
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n t s o f chan ge any s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t caused by
chan ges in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r e ach oc c up atio n a r e m u l t i ­
p l i e d b y the o c c u p a ti o n a l w e i g h t , and the p ro d u c ts f o r a l l oc c up atio ns
in the g r o u p a r e to ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s a r e
r e l a t e d b y s u b tr a c tin g the a g g r e g a t e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r f r o m the
a g g r e g a t e f o r the l a t e r y e a r and d iv id in g the r e m a i n d e r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e r e s u l t t i m e s 100 shows the p e r c e n t
o f change.




6




Table 2 . Indexes of earnings for selected occupational groups in Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y.,
March 1972 and March 1973, and percents of increase for selected periods
All in dustries
Weekly earnings
Period

Office
c le ric a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Manufacturing

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Weekly earnings
Office
c le ric a l
(men and
women)

Industrial
n urses
(men and
women)

Hourly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trad es
(men)

Unskilled
plantw orkers
(men)

Indexes (A pril 1967=100)
M arch 1972--------------------------------------------March 1973---------------------------------------------

132.6
140.6

144.3
153.0

134.6
145.2

149.6
162.8

0

(*)

143.3
152.3

134.2
144.0

143.4
160.0

P ercents of in crease
M arch 1960 to M arch 1961------------------------M arch 1961 to M arch 1962------------------------M arch 1962 to M arch 1963------------------------March 1963 to M arch 1964------------------------March 1964 to A pril 1965:
13-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c re a se -------------------------

2.3
1.5
3.9
3.4

4.8
4.1
2.0
2.4

2.9
2.1
3.6
2.4

3.2
4.6
2.9
1.6

1.8
2.0
3.4
3.4

4.3
3.6
2.5
1.4

2.9
1.8
3.5
2.0

2.5
5.8
1.9
1.7

2.4
2.2

2.8
2.6

2.7
2.5

1.7
1.6

1.8
1.7

3.3
3.0

2.7
2.5

1.8
1.7

A pril 1965 to A pril 1966---------------------------A pril 1966 to A pril 1967_____________________
April 1967 to A pril 1968---------------------------April 1968 to M arch 1969:
11-month in c re a se -------------------------------Annual rate of in c r e a se ___________________

4.0
4.8
4.8

3.2
2.6
10.3

2.9
5.9
4.4

5.2
4.2
8.7

2.5
3.9
4.4

2.8
3.1
9.5

3.1
5.9
4.3

5.1
4.9
6.6

5.6
6.1

4.7
5.1

5.4
5.9

5.6
6.1

5.6
6.1

4.0
4.4

5.5
6.0

5.1
5.6

March 1969 to F eb ru ary 1970:
11-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a se -------------------------

5.6
6.1

7.1
7.8

8.2
9.0

8.2
9.0

0

( 1)

8.0
8.8

8.3
9.1

9.8
10.7

Febru ary 1970 to M arch 1971:
13-month in c re a se ________________________
Annual rate of in c r e a se ___________________

8.1
7.5

10.1
9.3

6.7
6.2

i 11.0
2 10.1

(‘ )
(l)

9.9
9.1

6.7
6.2

9.1
8.4

M arch 1971 to M arch 1972-------------------------M arch 1972 to M arch 1973--------------------------

4.9
6.0

6.0
6.0

5.9
7.9

8.4
8.8

(M

6.1
6.3

5.6
7.3

6.9
11.6

1 Data do not m eet publication c rite ria .
1 R evised estim ate.

C)

8




Table

3.

Percents of increase in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups, adjusted

for employment shifts, in Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y., March
O ccupational group

Office c le r ic a l (men and wom en)___________________
In d u strial n u rse s (men and women)_________________
Skilled m aintenance trad e s (m en)___________________
U nskilled plantw orkers (m en)___________________ __

A ll
in d u stries
6.3
5.4
6.4
8.5

1972 to March 1973
M anufac­
turing

(l)
5.7
5.9
8.2

1 Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia .

NO TE: Table 3 provides percents of change in av erage hourly earn ings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted to exclude the effect of employment sh ifts. The new method
for computing wage trends is based on changes in av erage hourly earn ings for e stablish m en ts
reportin g the index jobs in both the curren t and p revious year (m atched estab lish m e n ts),
holding establishm ent employment in the jobs constant.
The new wage trends a re not linked to the curren t indexes becau se the new wage
trends m easu re changes in m atched establishm ent a v e ra g e s w hereas the curren t indexes
m easu re changes in a re a a v e r a g e s. Other c h a ra c te ristic s of the new wage trends which
d iffer from the curren t ones include (1) earn ings data of office c le r ic a l w orkers and
in d u strial n u rse s a re converted to an hourly b a s is , and (2) trend e stim a te s a re provided
for nonmanufacturing estab lish m en ts.
F o r a m ore detailed d escrip tion of the new method used to compute a re a wage survey
in dexes, see "Im proving A rea Wage Survey I n d e x e s," Monthly Labor R eview , Jan u ary 1973,
pp. 52-57.

Nonmanu­
facturing
6.3

(J)
(‘ )
8.8

9

A. O ccupational earnings
Table A-1. Office occupations: Weekly earnings
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., March 1973)
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

N ber Average
um
w
eekly
of
w
orkers (standard

M ^ M
ean
edian2

$

M
iddle ranged

70
and
under
75

$

75

t

80

t

85

s

90

Number of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of—
t
$
1
1
$
*
S
%
$
t
$
*
s
t
t
95 100 105 n o 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 220 230
and

80

85

95

100

105

no

8

90

130

140

150

160

230 over

12

120

170

180

190

200

210

220

M A D W M COMBINED
EN N
O EN
BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,

$
$
97.00 102.00

$
$
84.50-107.50

#0

39.0

50
26

38.5 110.00 105.50 98.50-121.50
38.5 105.00 105.50 101.00-112.50

200
96

11

39.0 152.00 150.00 1 36.00159.00
140.50 136.50-154.00
39.5
156.00 1 3 5 .0 0 190.00
3 0 *" 179*50
38.5

112.00-135.50

CLERKS * FILEv CLASS C
CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------

i'"^o"e"nA
30*5 130*00 126*50

127

38.5 100.50 100.50

93.00-112.00

14

38.0
38.0

78.50-101.00

28
4.0
16
16

if
64

88.00
85.00

119 39.5 131.50
91 * 39.5 130.50
JQ n i on nn
A7 37*0 127*00
37 39.0 111.50

81.50

131.50 104.00124.00 102.00-

159.00 166.50

16

14
L4

Ij

2
2

8
1

13

-

-

-

i
i

17
17

ii

0 5 115.50 115.00 1 0 4 .5 0 39.5 117.50 120.00 102.5038.0 11^.00 114.00

126.00
133.00

130
57

39.0 108.50 110.00 95.50-114.50
39.5 104.00 110.50 96.00-113.00
i
*
"
- .. 149.00 142.00-159.00
39.5 .
39.0
19"l"*"oO 158.00-208.00

-

-

-

-

-

13

3

0^

13

63

2

1

8

17

*

3

i

22
13

4

15

15

2
25

i

2
i
-

10

i

6

6
6

i

15
-^

9

7

9
3

i

nn

i

36

2

5
5

14
1*
3
33
13

23

127
27

7
tn

7

7

ai
8
14

17

40

16

-

1-2
i
r
5r
ro

f?

n

........................................................ 3

1

1

3
3

-

1
2

1

-

1

2
1

1
1

8

13

-

13
13

-

?
2

2

1

1
1

-

Jz

^6

3

7
2
_

9

6
1

2
2

2
2
4

27
27

-

-

-

-

2
2
1

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

514
169

339
90

..
7?

132

28
11

21
19

32
26

Ft
LO

8

fz

__
27
11

2

29

122

4
-

1

2

17
5

16
12
9

a
3

2
2
4
3

39.5 169.50 172.00 169.00-174.00
39.0 169.50 170.50 155.50-175.00
170*00 139*50




26

"0
23

20
13

2
■

11

a

See footnotes at end of tables.

13

99.50-129.00
135.00 192.50

128

8

113.00 106.50-136.00

39.5 139.00 132.50 1 2 5 .0 0 39.0 146.00 132.00 1 2 2 .0 0 -

Tf

37
t4

107.50

247
109

1,355

9

12

177
41
136
MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS A D GIRLS)N

19

\

1
1

2
51
38
13

i

^37
CLERKS• FILE* CLASS B

8
8

10
8

11

10

2

2

2

2

.1

269

82
13

13

2

_
1

5
1

10
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a rn in g s ---- C o n tin u e d
Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y., March 1973)
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of w orkers in selected occupations by industry division, Albany—
W
eekly earnings 1
(standard)
Num
ber
O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

w
orkers

Avpn„
M
ean ^

M
edian ^

M
iddle ranged

S

$

Number of workei s receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$
s
$
S
t
$
t
$
S
*

$

*

75

30

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

$
230

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

over

-

70

weekly
(standard)

i

%

*

3
3

3

-

~

42
35

59
56
6

467
149
1

47
39
10

31
22
2

25
12
12

13
3
2

12
11
11

13
11
10

8
7
7

“

“

12
10
2

7
4

12
9
3

9
i
8

4
i
3

2

-

-

2

“

ii

3

-

-

u

3
3

"

_

-

s

and
under
75

and

SECRETARIES - CONTINUED

Ul
0
1
* -ct
— ft

M A D W M COMBINEDEN N
O EN
CONTINUED

7^

$
149.00 144.50
150.50 147.00 138.50-156.50
180.00 180.00 156.00-204.00

39.5
39.5
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

167
96
71

39.0 135.50 132.50 113.50-153.00
39.5 132.50 134.00 113.00-151.00
38.0 139.50 132.00 114.50-165.00

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

257
65
192
49

38.5 127.00 123.50 110.50-137.50
40.0 117.00 126.00 107.00-132.50
38.0 130.50 123.00 111.50-140.00
38.0 166.00 168.00 166.00-182.50

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

354
131

39.5
39.0

136*50 137.50 135.50-139.00
137.00 137.00 130.50-145.00

“

-

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -----

46

39.5

134.00 137.00 124*00-139* 50

SW
ITCHBOARD UPERATORS, CLASS B ----NUNMANUFACTURING ---------------------

66
65

39.0
39.0

116.50 117.50
115.50 117.00

-

SW
ITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ------------------------nonmanufacturing --------- -----------

110
55
55

_
“
-

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------

28

yO

723
348
61

o
o

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

8 9. 50 -1 29 .5 0
8 9. 50 -1 29 .0 0

39.0 117.00 116.50 104.00-124.00
39.0 121.00 110.00 104.00-143.00
39.0 112.50 116.50 104.00-119.00

38.0 130.00

132.00

12 2.50-141.00

-

3
3

3
3

_
-

“

3
3

6
6

-

-

-

9
9
i

i
i
i

-

9
9

”

5
4
i

9
2
7

24
13
11

28
13
15

16
10
6

27
17
10

21
2
19

16
6
10

60
10
50
6

27
7
20

62
26
36

“

~

15
9

20
16

256
66

-

2

5

4

7
2

3

-

-

28

1

”

28
28

”

20
9

14
13

5
4

9
6

2
1

-

7
5

ii

~

“

-

“

”

~

■

-

3

-

-

1

3

6

25

2

3

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

5
5

2
2

-

9
9

15
15

-

”

“

13
13

~

i

”

-

-

“

'

■

-

6
-

-

23
17
6

32

ii

i
i

22
19
3

i
i

*

i
i

11
11

8

_

13
13

-

-

-

-

-

8

6

i

7
7

3

1

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

3

4
-

-

-

b

4

1

“
-

_

_
-

-

32

6
5

2

1

10

‘

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------

47

39.0

115.50 117.50 108.00-130.00

-

-

-

4

-

-

5

5

12

10

ii

TYPISTS, CLASS A ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

163
61

39.5
38.5

131.00 132.00 127.50-134.00
130.00 128.00 123.50-1 37 .00

-

-

*

“

-

"

3
1

”

8
4

38
32

104

TYPISTS, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

332
60
272

99.50
38.0
39.0 102.50
99.00
37.5

88 .50 -1 0 6 .5 0
96 .00 -1 0 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0- 10 6. 50

-

49

50
8
42

48

62
25
37

31

28
9
19

23

24
2
22

9

S e e footnotes at e n d of tables,




96.50
99.50
95.00

-

-

1

48

48

7

24

4
19

4b
.

2

1

2

“

11
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Albany—
Schenectady^-Troy, N. Y. , March 1973)
W
eekly earn gs
in
(standard)

A
verse!**
w
eekly

O c c u p a t i o n a n d i n d u s t r y division

$

jrkers (standard) M ^ M
ean
edian£

M
iddle ranged
•

110

ANO

WOMEN

115

$

120

S

125

$

130

s

$

135 , 140

%

153

$

160

s

170

S

160

%

190

COMPUTER

121.00 118.50 116.50-127.50

2

---------

25

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A ----------------------

30

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

*
-

120

%

220

S

230

s

240

$

250

$

260

t

270

i

280

5

11
4

6
**

32
6

11
11

2
2

6
2

2

1

4

2

1

1

i

2

270

280 over

210

220

230

240

250

260

1
6

6

5

6

2

-

2

2

6
6

9
8

13
3

5
5

4

4
4

i

“

1
1

“

-

-

-

-

5

9

6

1

4

14

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

14

-

“

-

“

“

39.0 240.00 232.50 219.00-249.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ---------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------------

54
37

39.5 217.00 221.00 203.00-234.00
40.0 220.50 220.00 204.50-246.00

CLASS

C

15

_

_

“

_

_

_

“

_
"

ANALYSTS,
B ----------------------

26

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

39.5 165.50 159.00 155.50-169.50
40.0 158.00 158.50 155.50-162.50
39.5 169.50 159.50 155.50-178.00

-

-

-

-

-

“

O R A F T S M E N , C L A S S C ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

41
33

39.0 160.00 167.50 138.00-183.00
38.5 164.50 181.00 139.00-183.50

“

_

2
1

ELECTRONICS

87

39.5 220.00 217.50 185.00-239.00

-

-

-

A-

45
37
30

39.5 178.00 182.00 169.50-189.00
40.0 176.00 181.50 167.00-184.50

i
"

'

2

3

39.5 238.00 220.00 217.50-258.00

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

3
3

40.0 259.50 258.00 251.00-266.00

109
36
73

See

210

an d

1

o
o

$
$
$
$
38.5 150.50 147.50 138.00-158.00
39.5 154.50 156.50 144.00-160.00

TECHNICIANS

ELECTRONICS

$

1

81
27

COMPUTER SYSTEMS
BUSINESS, CLASS

200

COMBINED

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------OPERATORS,

s

1

115

MEN

$

an d
under

---------------

TECHNICIANS,

footnotes at e n d




CLASS

of tables

-

.

7
3
4

55
20
35

20
9
ii

5

2

7

?

1
1
“

-

-

3
2

10
7

2
2

3

2
2

*

*

-

-

-

2

*

-

4

1

_

_

“

-

_

3
3

1
1

-

-

*

2
2

4
4

1

1
1
-

i
-

*9

■-

-

*

-

-

-

“

22

2

6

23

-

14

-

13

-

-

5

1

-

23

-

3

-

13

-

-

5

_

-

2
2

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

*

-

i

19

15
i2

6
3

*

12
T a b le A -3 .

O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s : A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n in g s , b y s e x

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in se le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , A lb a n y ^ S c h e n e c ta d y -T ro y , N .Y ., M a rc h 1973)

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
(standard )

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

W eekly
e arn in g s1
( standard)

MEN

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

51
28

90.0
90.0

$
169.00
152.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,
NONMANUFACTURING

59
37

39.5
39.5

138.00
136.50

89
90
99

38.5
39.5
38.0

108.00
101.50
113.50

90

39.0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

N um ber
of
workers

W eekly
(standard )

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN--CONTINUED

W eekly
earnings *
(standard )

175
90
135

38.5
39.0
38.0

$
>15*50
117.00
115.00

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

-

91

39.0

S E C R E T A R I E S ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

1,353
559
103

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A -----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

W eekly
h ou rs1
[standard)

W eekly
e arn in gs1
(standard )

-

97

39.0

$
115.50

110.00

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

163
61

39.5
38.5

131.00
130.00

39.5
39.0
38.0

152.00
159.00
183.50

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

331
59
272

38.0
39.0
37.5

99.50
102.00
99.00

128
99

39.5
39.0

169.50
169.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

337
87

39.5
39.0

161.00
170.00

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C ----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

722
397
6C

39.5
39.5
38.5

198.50
150.50
179.50

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

166
95
71

39.0
39.5
38.0

135.00
132.00
139.50

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

257
65
192
49

38.5
90.0
38.0
38.0

127.00
117.00
130.50
166.00

(OFFICE

GIRLS)

WOMEN

BILLERS, MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

50
26

38.5
38.5

110.00
105.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

199
76
73

38.5
39.0
38.0

196.00
193.50
199.00

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

329
129
200

38.5
39.0
38.0

129.50
118.50
128.50

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

125
99

38.5
38.0

100.50
96.50

B --------------------------

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

----------

92

39.0

153.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G r ------------------------

98
31

39.5
39.5

216.00
220.00

D R A F T S M E N , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

78
27
51

39.5
90.0
39.5

167.00
159.50
171.00

COMPUTER

OPERATORS,

C ----------------

75
69

38.0
38.0

88.00
85.00

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

B

89

39.5

221.00

99

39.5

238.50

-----------------------

31

39.5

162.00

N U R S E S , I N D U S T R I A L ( R E G I S T E R E D ) ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

33
26

39.5
39.5

177.50
179.50

TECHNICIANS

----------------

TECHNICIANS,

CLASS

136.50
137.00

-------------------

57

39.5

105.00

SWITCHBOARD

A -----

96

39.5

139.00

78
91
37

39.0
39.0
39.0

117.00
122.50
111.50

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

66
65

39.0
39.0

225
87

39.5
39.0

133.00
133.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

110
55
55

39.0
39.0
39.0

117.00
121.00
112.50

PROFESSIONAL

AND

TECHNICAL

116.50
115.50

ORDER

CLASS

39.5
39.0

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

CLERKS,

OPERATORS,

352
131

CLASS

A-

ELECTRONICS

ELECTRONICS
CLERKS, FILE, CLASS
NONMANUFACTURING

Num ber
of
workers

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
G E N E R A L --------------------------------------

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------MESSENGERS

M E S S E N G E R S ( O F F I C E B O Y S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

Sex,

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
WOMEN— CONTINUED

-

97.00

CLASS B
----------

A verage

A ve rage

A v e rage

Sex, occupation, and industry division

OCCUPATIONS

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS,
NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS A
----------

See footnote at end of tables.




DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

B

-

WOMEN

13
T a b le A -4 .

M a i n t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s :

H o u r l y e a r n in g s

(A v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e h ou rly earn in gs of w o rk e rs in s e lected occupations by indu stry d ivisio n , A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y -T ro y , N .Y ., M arch 1973)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings3

t

Occupation and industry division
M iddle range 3

MEN

AND

WOMEN

t

i

»

I

t

t

t

t

(

COMBINED

97
78

$
A .78
A .78

$
A.82
A .83

$
$
A .58- A.89
A .56- A.89

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

329
302

A. 98
A .97

A.87
A.87

A .81- 5.15
A .81- 5.16

6
6

E N G I N E E R S , S T A T I O N A R Y -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

93
70

A. 32
A .32

A.51
A .19

A .13- A.57
A .13- A.57

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BUILEK
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

73
57

A. 11
A .11

A. 15
4.29

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

334
308

5.03
5.03

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
( M A I N T E N A N C E I ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---PUBLIC UTILITIES -

282
89
193
152

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE •
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

•
-

A
-

-

•
-

3.6 8 - A.51
3 .6 3 - A.53

4
4

9
8

i
i

6
6

A.88
A .88

A .82- 5.23
A .82- 5.22

_

_
“

“

-

5.25
A. 97
5.37
5 .5 A

5.61
A. 85
5.69
5.77

A .59A .52A .855.0A-

*

296
285

A. 97
A .98

5.03
5.04

A.A5- 5.83
A.A5- 5.83

-

3
2

-

M I L L W R I G H T S -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

103
85

A .93
4,98

A. 86
A.89

A .78- 5.06
A .83- 5.22

-

_

-

-

“

P A I N T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

102
91

4.60
A .55

4.48
A.A7

4 .4 2 - 4.79
A.Al- A.79

2
2

2

-

?

“

P I P E F I T T E R S , M A I N T E N A N C E -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------

237
205

A.9A
4.94

A.85
A .85

A .81- A.90
A .80- 5.01

-

-

-

59

4.96

4.87

4 .8 2 - 4.96

MAINTENANCE

See footnotes at end of tables,




—

5.90
5.83
5.98
6.02

_

-

-

6
6

~

“

3

*

D
3

"

12
12

i
i

1A
4

A3
39

-

2
2

6
6

_

i
*
“
*

WURKERS,

t

(

Under3* 40 3,50 3* 60 3,70 3-80 3,90 4 * 00 4,10 4,20 4 * 30 4 * 4J 4,50 4 * 63 4,70 4.80 5.00 5.23 5.4C 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20
t
and
3.A0 under
_____ 3.50 3.60 3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 A . 1 0 A. 2 0 9. 30 4 . A0 4.50 9.60 9.70 9 . 8 0 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20 over

CARPENTERS. MAINTENANCE —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

SHEET-METAL

i

»

-

2
2

23
23

6
6

6
6

6
5

8
8

2
2

2
2

160
139

35
35

23
23

6
6

-

5

5

27
27

*

1

i

l

.9
21

2
2

3
3

5
5

_
~

5
-

“
_

10
6

4
-

4
4

ii
n

13
1-

4

_

-

2

A

10
10

9
9

4
4

‘
“

_
_

2
_
_

9
9

15
15

2
2

1A
1

1A2
138

33
33

54
A9

_

5
5
-

31
15
16
i

_
*

7
7
-

29
7
22
22

1A
2
12
3

16
8
8

8

60
60

.
-

~

”
12
12
-

3
3
3

11
2
9

6
6

27
27

-

-

.

-

-

“

i
i
•
"
_

_

-

_

9

_
*

u
a

*

_
-

A5
A5
A2

50
27
23
23

47

44
44
-

-

-

A

_
-

3

-

18
18

16
16

_
-

_
-

7
7

11
ii

_
-

3

4

-

-

-

3

-

“

“

5

13
13

-

9

l

-

9

-

*

4
4

39
39

7
"

1
1

13
12

4
4

12
12

2
2

2
2

3
3

-

27
27

4
4

11
11

136
104

2

6

Al

"

i

?
-

5

“

A5
A5

“

36
06

_

18

“

4
*

1

-

-

_

3

.

-

i
i

-

.

-

_

_

1
1

-

-

2
2

10
10

-

"

1
i

-

_

_
_

9
9

I
1

7

“

~

_

I

19
19

i

_

-

43
43

_

-

_

45

102
102

2

-

-

3
-

_

i
i
*

4
2

-

15
15

7

_
-

-

-

14
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(A verage straight-tim e hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Albany^-Schenectady—
Troy, N .Y., March 1973)

Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

H
ourly earnings*

Occupation and industry division

1

Num
ber
of

w
orkers

M *
ean

Median2

M
iddle range *

$

f t

$

*

$

t

i

*

»

t

i

*

i

i

»

*

*

i

«

i

*

T

1.80 1.90 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00
and
and
under
1.90 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3 .*0 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 * . * 0 *•6 0 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 over

M A O W M COMBINED
EN N
O EN
GUARDS A D W TCH EN --------------------N
A M
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

723
211
509

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

149

W TCH EN
A M
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

$

$

2.64
3.61
2.23

2.15
3.75
1.98

3.70

3.76

$

$

6
8

i
i

-

-

7
7

-

~

29
20
9

27

9

2

i

-

-

7

-

-

1 .9 6 - 3.60
3 . 4 3 - 3.85
1 . 9 4 - 2.26

7
7

296
296

71
9
62

30
30

32
14
18

18
1
17

13
2
11

13
6
7

35
19
16

26
16
10

101
75
26

32
33

3 . 7 1 - 3.84

-

-

9

-

-

-

2

3

1

13

75

62

3.39

3.38

2 .9 3 - 4.02

-

-

-

-

14

1

-

3

18

3

-

6

LI

1,076
668
406
148

3.16
3.27
2.98
3.78

3.32
3.35
2.59
3. 84

2 .5 8 3.142 .3 8 3.54-

3.56
3.53
3.82
3.90

-

28
18
10

55
7
*8

95
44
51
*

105
3
102
”

41
36
5

25
10
15
5

128
104
24
15

265
245
20
14

99
91
8
5

*8
35
13
13

112
25
87
71

39
39
-

16
8
8
8

467
260
207
75

4.03
3.90
4.19
5.18

4. 18
3. 85
4.31
5.64

3 .4 6 3 .4 5 3.714.14-

4.39
4.36
5.61
5.69

-

20

7
7

7
7

19
16
3

2
2

2

1
1

107
99
8

27
9
18
17

12
12

121
40
81
“

6
6
-

*9
*9
-

-

29
5
5

OROER FILLERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

413
114

3.47
3.97

3. 63
3.70

2 . 2 6 - 4.38
3 . 6 4 - 4.63

8

12
-

74
*

53

39
39

_
“

PACKERS, SHIPPING -----------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

215
125

3.02
3.64

3.38
3.67

2 . 1 0 - 3.69
3 . 5 3 - 3.83

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

89
37
52

3.71
3.57
3.81

3.75
3.66
3. 97

3 . 1 8 - 4.35
3 . 1 9 - 3.79
2 . 7 9 - 4.54

i

1
1
“

63
36

3.82
3.42

3.79
3.64

3 . 5 9 - 4.43
3 . 1 3 - 3.75

6

2
1

17
-

1
1

SHIPPING A D RECEIVING CLERKS ------N
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

31
25

3.8*
3.89

3.69
3.69

3 . 2 9 - 4.25
3 . 6 3 - 4.26

TRUCKDRIVERS -----------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

1,097
207
890
577

5.21
4.20
5.45
5.89

5. 90
4.28
5.92
5.95

4.433.705.245 .9 2 -

TRUCKDRIVERS, M
EDIUM (1 -1 /2 TO
A D INCLUDING 4 TONSI -------------N
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

228
34
194

4.56
4.07
*.65

4.09
4.28
4.08

4 . 0 3 - 5.58
3 .6 7 - 4.36
4 . 0 3 - 5.91

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE I ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

401
365
224

5.57
5.67
5.95

5.91
5. 92
5.95

5 . 2 7 - 5.96
5 .5 1 - 5.96
5 . 9 3 - 5.98

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

88
74

4.78
4.59

4.74
4.70

4.184.15-

TRUCKERS, PO ER (FORKLIFT) ----------W
MANUFACTURING -------------------------

394
201

4.06
3.89

4.13
3.69

3 .6 3 - 4.31
3 . 5 3 - 4.25

-

-

22
1
21

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------

-

20
3
17
17

LABORERS, MATtRIAL HANDLING --------MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

-

6

JANITORS, PORTERS, A O CLEANERS ---N
MANUFACTURING ------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------

-

See footnotes at end of tables




5.95
4.65
5.96
5.98

“
_
-

-

20

-

*

*
4

*

6*
50

17
17

-

~

28
23

7
7

65
53

15
3
12

-

7
7

1
1

1
1

22
19

17
6
ii

7
7

_
“

-

2
2

*
*

3
3

16
16

2

-

•

-

-

-

~

-

_

_
~
_
-

*0
“
40
40

62
*

24
-

20
*

16
“

-

*8
“

18
*

*
3

-

“

-

2

-

8
“

1

_

~

_

_
-

-

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
*

2

-

9
9

-

1

11
11

-

-

1
1

i

-

-

-

9
8
i

6
6

13

5
5

8
8
-

8
2
&

69
*8
21
13

i:
9

1.6
22
9*
”

24
22
2
“

**
21
23
1

*6
42
4

13
1
12
9

28
24
4
“

70
70
*

71
71
*

-

6
6
“

2
2

17
*
13

_

95
1
9*

23
21
2

3
2
1

_

2

2

13

2

2

2

13

*
*

*
*

2
2

-

-

18

18

2
2

68
68

58
58

7
7

6
6

12
:2

1
1

_

26
24

-

14
14

*6
*6

128

39
5

7
7

39
39

_

_

“

_

_

i

6

2

~

_

”

i

6

2

13

5.16
5.13

“

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

13
i3

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

-

i3

39
39

24

2

2

-

3
3

-

12
12

*
*

_
-

75
70

2
~

-

26

2

3
3

_

_

544
5 **
542

12
12
12

_
5*
-

_

24
24

-

*

212
212

12
12
12

12

_

_
*

-

-

-

*

1
1

15
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l an d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s — C o n t i n u e d
(Average straight-time hourly earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., March 1973)




16




T a b l e A - 6 . M a in t e n a n c e , p o w e r p la n t, c u s to d ia l, a n d m a te r ia l h a n d lin g
o c c u p a tio n s : A v e r a g e h o u rly e a rn in g s , by se x
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a rn in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s b y in d u s try d iv is io n ,
A lb a n y — ch en ecta d y—T r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h 1973)
S

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2
hourly
earnings

Sex, occupation, and industry division

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPAIIJNS - MEN— CONTINUED

MAINTENANCE AND PUWERPLANT
OCCUPATIONS - M
EN

$

4.78
4.78

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING---------------------PUB'IC UTILITIES -----------------

467
260
207
75

$
4.03
3.90
4.19
5.18

ORDER FILLERS MANUFACTURING

323
114

3.83
3.97

PACKERS, SHIPPING
MANUFACTURING •

204
114

3.00
3.67

87
37
50

3.74
3.57
3.87

63
36

3.82
3.42

31
25

3.84
3.89

1 , 097

207
890
577

5.21
4.20
5.45
5.89

228
34
194

4.56
4.07
4.65

401
365
224

5.57
5.67
5.95

88
74

4.78
4.59

394
201

4.06
3.89

50
50

3.76
3.76

404
67
337

4.10
3.47
4.23

197
79

3.07
2.91

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

97
78

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ---------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

329
302

4.98
4.97

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

93
70

4.32
4.32

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER -------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

73
57

4.11
4.11

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

334
308

5.03
5.03

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

282
89
193
152

SHIPPING CLERKS ------------------------5.25
MANUFACTURING ----------------------4.97
5.37 SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
5.54
MANUFACTURING -----------------------

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

296
285

4.97
4.98

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

103
85

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

102

PIPEFITTERS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

237
205

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —

59

91

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

TRUCKDRIVERS ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------4.93
PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------4.98
TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM (1-1/2 TO
4.60
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) -----------------4.55
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------4.94
4.94
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) ---------------------------------4.96
NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------------------TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) ------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL HANDLING
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

GUAROS AND WATCHMEN ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

498

GUARDS
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

149

WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

62

TRUCKERS, POWER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING ----------------2.65
3.61
2.24 TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFT) --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------3.70
WAREHOUSEMEN -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------3.39
NONHANUFACTURING ----------------------------

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------

879
550
329
106

CUSTODIAL AM MATERIAL HA,MOLING
D
3.18
OCCUPATIONS — W EN
OM
3.29
3.00 JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS ----3.92
NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
workers earnings2

709

211

17

B. Establishment practices and supplementary w a g e provisions
T a b l e B -1.

M in im u m e n tra n c e s a la rie s fo r w o m e n o ffic e w o r k e r s

(Distribution of establishm ents studied in a ll in du stries and in industry divisions by minimum entrance sala ry for selected categories
of inexperienced women officew orkers , Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., M arch 1973)
T
Other inexperienced cle ric al workers

Inexperienced typists
Minimum weekly straight-tim e s a la r y 4

All
in dustries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Manufacturing

B ased on standard weekly h o u rs6 of—

All
industries

40

All
schedules

115

40

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

33

E stablishm ents studied______________________________

All
schedules

11

7

22

15

6

_
2

$95.00 and under $97.50_______________________________
$100.00 and under $102.50_________________________ . ..
$102.00 and under $105.00__________________________ _

$135.00 and under $140.00_____________________________
$140.00 and under $145.00 ____________________________
$145.00 and under $150.00_____________________________

2
1
2
5
1
2
1
1
1
2
1

_
_
2

_
_
_

1
2
1

_

$87.50 and under $90*00_______________________________
$90.00 and under $92.50_______________________________

_
2

2
5
2

$80.00 and under $82.50_______________________________

_
2

_
_

_
1
1
-

_
_
_
1
1
2
2
1
2

_

_

_

-

1
1

1
1

-

2
1

1
3
1

1
1
1

2

_

_
_

_

1

_

-

-

_

All
schedules

40

All
schedules

115

40

XXX

75

XXX

XXX

45

17

12

28

18

8

_

1
1

1
1

_
_
1

2
2
1
2
2

2
1

40

_
_
_
2
1
2
3
1
2
1
1

-

3 7 Vs

_
_
_
1
_
1

Nonmanufacturing

B ased on standard weekly hours 6 of-

1
1
2
2
2
1
2
5

_
2
_
-

_
3

2

37*/s

2
2

40

_
_
_
1
1
_
-

-

1

_

4
2
2
2
3
2

1
1
2
2
1

1
1
1

4
1
1

3

1

1
1

1
1

-

4
6
1
1

3
1

3
1

4
3

2
1

1
2

i

1

-

_

-

1
1

_




___

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

i

-

1

i

-

1
1

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

1

1

19
E stablishm ents which did not employ w orkers
in this category___________________________________

-

1
_

10

XXX

9

XXX

XXX

39

15

XXX

24

XXX

XXX

63

19

XXX

44

XXX

XXX

31

8

XXX

23

XXX

XXX

-

1
1
1

-

1

-

1




T a b le B -2 .

S h ift d iffe re n tials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v is io n s f o r m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t w o r k e r s b y ty p e and a m o u n t o f p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ,
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h 1973)

^AU jjlantw orkers_in< ian ufactu rin ^=^100j3ej^cen t2______^______^^^___i___^_____________^^_
jT
P e r c e n t of m an u facturing p la n tw o rk e rs—

L ate -sh ift pay provision

In establish m ents having provision s 7
for late shifts
Second shift

T otal_____________________________________

88.6

Th ird o r other
shift

83.8

Actually working on late shifts
Second shift

20.4

Third or other
shift

11.0

No pay d ifferen tial for work on late sh ift__ ___

5.1

3.4

1.0

0.7

Pay d ifferen tial for work on late sh ift________

83.5

80.4

19.4

10.3

Uniform cents (per hour)_______ _______

37.8

34.6

8.0

4.3

8 cents
9 cents
10 cents_____________________________
12 cents_____________________ ______
13 cents_ ____ _________ __________
13'A cen ts_______________ ___________
14 cen ts_____________________________
15 cen ts________ _
_ _______________
17 cents____________ _______________
1773 cen ts_____________ ____________
17% cen ts___________________________
18 cen ts_____________________________
183 cen ts___________ ______________
/<
20 cents
21 cen ts_____________________________
2 9 V cents __________________________
3
30 cents
303 cen ts___________________________
/4
32 cen ts_____________________________

1.8
2.2
7.6
5.8
4.2
1.2
4.3
2.8
1.2
1.7
1.2
3.8

.6
5.0

.5
.5
1.8
1.3
.8
.4
.4
.5
.3
.6
.2
.6

Type and amount of differen tial:

Uniform p e rc e n ta g e ____________________
5 p e rc e n t____________ ______________
10 percent__________ _______________
15 percent___________________________
Other fo rm al pav differen tial

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t en d o f t a b le s .

-

7.4
6.7
4.2
-

-

(8)
.6
-

.8
1.1
.5
-

-

3.6
2.3
1.2
.8
1.7
1.2

-

.4
.2

44.2

44.2

11.2

6.0

3.3
40.8
-

43.1
1.1

1.3
9.9
-

6.0

1.6

1.6

.2

.1

-

-

.3
.3
.1

-

-

-

19

T a b le B -3.

S c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s an d d a y s

(Percent of plantw orkers and officew orkers in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivisions by scheduled weekly hours and days
of first-sh ift w o rk ers. Albany—
Schenectady— ro y , N .Y ., M arch 1973)
T
O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
Weekly hours and days
All industries

All w orkers _
Under 35 h o u rs____________________ ________
3 V d a y s__________________________________
2
5 d a y s ____________________________________
35 hours— 5 days_____________________________
36*4 hours— 5 days__________________________
3 7 V hours— 5 days_____ _______________
2
__
37% hours— 5 d ays__________________________
38% hours— 5 d ays__________________________
39*/io hours— 5 days__________________________
40 h o u rs_____________________________________
3 d a y s ____________________________________
4 d a y s _________ _______________ _______
5 days
________ ______ _r^
5 V2 d a y s _____________________________ ___
42 hours— 5 days_____________________________
45 hours— 5 d ays_____________________________
48 hours— 6 d ays__________________________ .

See footnote at end of tables,




Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

2
1
5
5
2
78
78
6

94

2
1
1
3
1
14
3
1
72
(!)
<9)
71
1
(’ )
1
4

94
6

1
(9)
37
~
1
1
59
58
1
-

(9)
1
7
2
2
88
88
-

4
64
32
32
-

20

T a b le B -4 .

A n n u a l p a id h o lid a y s

(P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o ff i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o lid a y s , A lb a n y -S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h 1973)

Officeworker s

Plantw orkers
Item

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

98

100

100

100

100

100

2

-

-

-

L e s s than 6 holidays----------- ------ — ----- 6 holidays_ — _ __ __ __
_
____________
6 holidays plus 2 half days — —------ --------7 holidays____________________________________
7 holidays plus 1 or 2 half d a y s -------------------8 holidays----------- ------ -- -------------8 holidays plus 1 half day- —
—----- ------ ----8 holidays plus 2 half days_
_
___ - — — —
9 holidays—— —
—— — _-_— — _—
—
— ___
9 holidays plus 1 half d ay _____________________
9 holidays plus 2 or 3 half d a y s ---- --------------10 holidays __________
________ ____ ____
10 holidays plus 1 half day____________________
11 h o lid ay s------------------------------------------ —

2
22
(’ )
6
(9 )
11
2
3
34

8
6
(9 )
6
1
3
58

_
1
19
19

(9 )
10
?)
6
t9 )
6
(!)
(9 )

_
4
9

4
3
7
19

-

-

-

1
7
(9 )

1
12
-

-

13 h o lid ay s----------------------------------------------

5
1

3
2

All w o rk e rs--------------------------------------W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid holidays_______________ -___________ __
_
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid holidays--------------------------------------

All industries

Public utilities

Number of davs

36
24
*

37
1
1
7
1

23
6
P)

n

2
1
1

69
-

-

1
12
-

-

-

1
1

16
-

1
2
2
2
14
14
84
85

_
16
67
67
67
67
86

Total holiday tim e 1
0
13 d a y s _______ __________ __________________ _
12 days or m o re -------------------- --------- ----11 days or m o r e --------------------------------------IOV2 days or m o re ___________________________
10 days or m o r e ________________ —
--------------9 V days or m o re_____________________________
2
9 days or m ore_______________________________
8 V days or m ore_____________________________
2
8 days or m ore_______ --- ------ ------------------- —
7V days or m ore—___________________________
2
7 days or m ore _____ ________ _
_ ___ _
_
6 days or m ore__ - — — ____
____ „ ----5 days or m ore_______________________________
2 days or m o re________________________ _ ___
_

S e e fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




6
10
10
18
18
55
58

2
6
6
6
18
18
79
80

68
68

86
86

75
97
97
98

92
100
100
100

1

24
60
60
60
60
79
79
99
99
100
100
100
100

(9 )
6
29
31
39
39
77
77
83
83
89
99
99
100

86

87
96
100
100
100

86

93
93
96
100
100
100

21

T a b le B - 4 a . Id e n tific a tio n o f m a jo r p a id h o lid a y s
(Percent of plantw orkers and officew orkers in a ll in du stries and in industry d ivisions by paid holidays, Albany—
Schenectady— r o y , N .Y ., M arch 1973)
T
Officeworker s

Plantwor ke r s
Holiday
All industries

All w orkers_____________________________
New Y e a r 's D ay_____________________________
L incoln's Birthday_______________________ __
W ashington's Birthday_______________________
Good F rid a y _________________________________
E aste r Monday_______________________________
M em orial Day_______________________________
Fourth of July_______________________________
Labor Day__ __________ _____________________
Columbus Day______________________ _______
V eterans Day________________________________
Election Day_________________________________
Thanksgiving D ay__________________ ____ —
Day after Thanksgiving___ __________________
C h ristm as Eve_______________________________
C h ristm as E ve, half day________ ___________
C h ristm as Day_______________________________
New Y e a r's E v e ____________ _______________
New Y e a r's E ve, half d ay____________________
Floating holiday, 1 day 1 ____________________
Floating holidays, 2 days 12__________________
Floating holidays, 3 days 12__________________
E m ployee's birthday

See footnotes at end of tab les.




Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

96
5
40
19
4
97
97
97
10
13
30
98
40
14
4
95
9
3
6
3
2
13

99
53
22
6
100
100
100
3
5
44
100
61
24
4
99
18
4
8
1
3
7

100
30
83
55
2
100
100
100
54
65
36
100
24
~

99
26
65
12
1
99
99
99
30
36
52
100
43
7
2
99
5
1
6
6
4
5

99
61
20
3
100
100
100
1
4
52
100
73
15
2
99
13
2
9
2
3
3

100
52
92
41
100
100
100
67
82
52
100
15
100

100
10
7
31

-

3
(’ )
15

22

T a b le B -5 . P a id v a c a tio n s
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t w o r k e r s and o f f ic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s tr ie s and in in d u s tr y d iv is io n s b y v a c a t io n p a y p r o v is io n s , A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r c h 1973)

Officeworker s

Plantw orkers
Vacation policy

All w orkers

- __________________

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
96
4

100
93
7

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

100
100
-

"

~

“

"

“

5
28
7

10
17
3

31
24
-

(9 )
40
11
5

1
30
5
*

54
17
-

59
4
34
3

73
7
17
3

36
2
63
-

12
(9 )
86
(9 )
2

10
86
5

28
72
-

16
4
75
1
4

21
7
66
6

6
93
2
-

3
93
(9 )
4

3
91
6

100
-

8
3
78
4
8
*

8
5
71
5
11
-

_

98
2
-

3
91
(9 )
5
1

2
85
13
-

100
-

8
3
78
4
8

8
5
71
5
11

3
91
t9 )
5
2

2
85
13

100
-

Method of payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid v a c atio n s____ __ ___ __________ _______
_
Length-of-tim e payment_____ __ ______ P ercentage paym ent------ ---- -------W orkers in establish m ents providing
no paid vacations — _______ _ ___________
_
Amount of vacation pav 1
3
After 6 months of serv ice
Under 1 week
1 w eek------- - ------- — — — ------------ __
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks_ —
_
2 w eeks--------------------------------------------------

_

_

A fter 1 year of serv ice
1 w eek______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------2 w eeks_______________ ______________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks______ —
____________
3 w eeks-------------------------------------------------After 2 y e a rs of serv ice
1 wee k ______________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks--------------------------2 w eeks______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eeks___ — ---- — ------- — ---- —
--—
----- ------

_

A fter 3 y e a rs of serv ic e
1 W ek _______________________________________
e
Over 1 and under 2 w eeks----— -------------2 w eeks---- ---- - ----- — — --- ---- Over 2 and under 3 w eeks--------------------------3 w eeks______________ - -------- ----------------Over 3 and under 4 w eeks____________________

_

After 4 y e a rs of serv ice
1 w eek--------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w eeks____________________
2 wpp]fpn n
nn
_
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eeks— __— ____________________ — —
—
______
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______ —-------- ------

See footnotes at end of tab les.




_

98
2
-

23

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Albany^Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., March 1973)
O fficew

Plantw orkers
V acation policy

All industries

Manufacturing

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Public utilities

1
82
3
11
1
2

79
4
13
4

98
2
“

1
81
5
12
2
f)

(9 )
80
19
1

99
(9 )
-

_

.
14
72
8
6
"

_
98
2
“

C)

f9 )
5
91
4

f9 )
99
"

(*)
5
2
86
7
(*)

t9 )
4
f9 )
87
9
“

(9 >
3
54

C)

Amount of vacation pay 13— Continued
After 5 y e a rs of serv ice
1 w eek____________________________________ 2 w eeks______ ____________________________ ..
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------3 w eeks.__________________________________ r_
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks______ -_____________
4 weeks------ — — ---------- ---- — ---After 10 years of serv ice
1 w eek— _- _
_
_ _ — ----- — _
_
2 w eeks__-__-_ _____ ______________________
Over 2 and under 3 weeks- — — --- ---------3 weeks . . . __---------------------- -------- , — , --n—r
.—
Over 3 and under 4 weeks-------------------------4 w eeks———— — ——— — —— — —— — —
—
Over 4 and under 5 weeks-----------------—
----- —

13
(’ )
76
4
6
1

6
1
89
4
o

After 12 y e a rs of serv ice
1 w eek______________________________________
?. w eeks— .
..... ,ni-, ■
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------3 weeks...__ „_
Over 3 and under 4 weeks- ----------------------_
—— —— — ——— — — — —
—
—
4 w eeks-_ ——
Over 4 and under 5 weeks------ —
-----

_

_

10
3
73
4
9
1

12
2
67
8
12
"

98
2
*

_

.
10
17
6
65
-

.
67
31

_
C)
-

99
“

After 15 years of serv ice
1 week — —
----- ------------------- ------------ ---2 weeks ___ -______ — ----- —
---- — --------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks-------------------------3 w eeks_________
_____ — — —
Over 3 and under 4 weeks------------ —
-----------4 w e ek s — — — —
—
— — — — — ——
—
— —
—
Over 4 and under 5 weeks-------- — — ------ ---5 w eeks_
_
_
_
- —
---- --- -

8
(’ )
40
3
46
1
1

2

2

C)

41
C)
1

2
-

22
73
-

.
t9 )
-

85
15
-

2

After 20 y e a rs of serv ice
1 week
2 w eeks_______ - — — ____ — -------- ----Over 2 and under 3 w eeks------- ----- — — —
—
3 we ek s------------- ------ — — — --- — — —
— —
—
—
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks--------------------------4 w eeks— — — — — — —— — — — — —
— —
—
—
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks-------------------------5 w eeks---- ------------ . . . . ------ --- —

See footnotes at end of tables




_

_

7
(’ )
12
1
69

9

2

9

8
2

63
2
16

.
1
91
2

6

(’ )

C)

-

2

19
74
t9 )

8
77
13

C)
-

2

5

2

97
-

24

T a b le B -5 .

P a i d v a c a t i o n s ----- C o n t i n u e d

(Percent of plantworkers and officeworkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay provisions, Albany—
Schenectady—
Troy, N.Y., March 1973)
Officeworker s

Plantw orkers
V acation policy

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

_
9
6
2
55
2
15
6
4

_
-

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

Amount of vacation pay 13— Continued
A fter 25 y e a rs of serv ice
1
2 w eeks___ ____ ____________ _______________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eeks______________________________________
Over 3 and under 4 w eeks____________________
4 w eeks.— _______ _ __________ _ ___
—
_
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks---- —
-------------------5 weeks ___________
- -------- Over 5 and under 6 w eeks_________ — — — _
6 w eeks____ _ _____ ___ ____ _____ _____
_
_
_
Over 6 weeks — --------- -------- — ____ ___

_
7
(9 )
11
1
54
1
20
1
3
2

(9 )
2

(9 )
2

-

_
(9 )

-

-

i

14

8

2

-

-

-

-

32
2
65
-

61

67
13
8
2

30
67
-

-

-

n

18
(9 )
3
1

-

-

-

After 30 y e a rs of serv ice
1 w eek--------------------------------------------------2 w eeks-------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w eeks____________________
3 w eeks— __ ___— _ — — - — Over 3 and under 4 w eeks-------- ---- ------------4 w e eks____ _______ _
Over 4 and under 5 w eeks-------------------- ----- 5 w eeks_ __
_
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks -------- ------------- -—
_ _
________
—
— _
6 w eeks— ___-— __
Over 6 w e e k s ---- — -------- --------- — ___ —

_

7
(9 )
ii
i
31
(9 )
42
2
4
3

_

_

9

-

-

6
2
16
(9 )
51
2
8
5

1

(9 )
2

C)

-

-

14

2

8

_

< )
9
2

-

-

-

-

15
2
82

36

17

22

-

-

-

44
(9 )
3
1

62

75

-

-

(9 )
2

C)

-

-

-

-

9
2

*

Maximum vacation available
1 w eek -------- —
------- ---- — -------2 w eeks ________________ ______________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w eeks _____________________________
3 w p p k s _ ____ ___
_

_______________ _________

_____________

Over 3 and under 4 w eeks ------------------------4 w eeks --------------------------------------------------- - - - Over 4 and under 5 weeks- —
5 v/ppks
____
_
_
___________
Over 5 and under 6 w eeks _____________________________
6 w eeks _____________________________________ ____________ ____
Over 6 weeks _ _ _ __ _______
____ —
— _____

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

-

-

7

9

-

(9 )
11
1
31
(9 )
42
2
4
3

-

6
2
16
(9 )
51
2
8
5

1

14

2

8

_
f )
-

2

-

-

-

-

15
2
82
-

33

17

22

-

-

-

46

62
9
2

75
-

-

C)

4
1

-

25

T a b le B -6 .

H e a lth , in s u ra n c e , a n d p e n s io n p la n s

(Percent of plantworkers and officew orkers in all in du stries and in industry divisions employed in establishm ents providing
health, in suran ce, or pension benefits, Albany—
Schenectady— roy, N .Y ., M arch 1973)
T
Type of benefit and
financing 14

A ll w o rk e rs____________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing at
le ast 1 of the benefits shown below__________
L ife insurance------------------------------------Non contributory plans__________________
Accidental death and dism em berm ent
in su ran ce______ ___ _____________________
Non contributory plans__________________
Sickn ess and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 15____________________

O fficew orkers

Plantw orkers
All industries

Public utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

100

98

98

100

99

99

100

92
80

92
84

100

98
85

100

74

99
82

79
69

80
73

95
69

83
72

84
74

100

100

Manufacturing

85
85

79

87

69

89

91

99

Sickn ess and accident in su ran ce____ Non contributory plans_______________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting p erio d )_______________________
Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting p eriod )------------------------------

67
60

81
69

41
39

56
54

84
82

20
20

47

50

27

78

79

97

11

8

29

5

1

Long-term disability in su ran ce--------------Non contributory plans__________________
H ospitalization in su ran ce_________________
Noncontributory plans__________________
S u rgical in su ran ce _______________________
Noncontributory plans___________ ____
M edical insurance------------------- ----------Non contributory plans__________________
M ajor m edical insurance__________________
Non contributory plans__________________
Dental insurance__________________________
Non contributory plans__________________
Retirem ent pension_______________________
Noncontributory plans_______________ .

29
28
96
76
96
76
93
75
85
71
31
31
82
55

46
46
97
83
97
83
96
82
81
74
47
47
87
45

-

47
41
99
78
99
78
94
76
94
76
31
30
90
60

67
67
99
89
99
89
94
84
90
80
60
58
90
34

See footnotes at end of tab les.




100

74
100

74
100

74
94
68

18
18
73
73

2
-

100

85
100

85
100

85
99
84
7
7
71
71

26

Footnotes
A ll

of t h e s e

standard

footnotes

m ay

not

apply

to th is

bu lletin .

1
S t a n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e
r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n i n g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k l y h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n i s c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a l i n g th e e a r n i n g s o f a l l w o r k e r s a n d d i v i d i n g b y th e n u m b e r
of w o r k e r s .
The m edian
d e s i g n a t e s p o s i t i o n — h a l f of t h e e m p l o y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a l f r e c e i v e l e s s t h a n th e r a t e s h o w n .
The m id d le
r a n g e i s d e f i n e d b y 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a f o u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s t h a n t h e l o w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s a n d a f o u r t h e a r n m o r e t h a n t h e h i g h e r r a t e .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , a n d l a t e s h i f t s .
4
T h ese sa laries
r e l a t e to f o r m a l l y e s t a b l i s h e d m i n i m u m
starting (h irin g ) r e g u la r
straigh t-tim e
s a l a r i e s that a r e p a i d f o r s t a n d a r d
w orkw eeks.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r .
6
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a n d f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c l u d e s a l l p l a n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s , a n d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r l a t e
s h i f t s , e v e n t h o u g h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e n o t c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t i n g l a t e s h i f t s .
8
L e s s th an 0.05 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t .
1
0 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s of f u l l a n d h a l f d a y s th a t a d d t o t h e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , t h e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a
t o t a l o f 9 d a y s i n c l u d e s t h o s e w i t h 9 f u l l d a y s a n d n o h a l f d a y s , 8 f u l l d a y s a n d 2 h a l f d a y s , 7 f u l l d a y s a n d 4 h a l f d a y s , a n d s o on.
Proportion s
then w e r e c u m u lated .
1
1 T h e s e d a y s a r e p r o v i d e d a s p a r t o f a C h r i s t m a s —N e w Y e a r h o l i d a y p e r i o d w h i c h t y p i c a l l y b e g i n s w i t h C h r i s t m a s E v e a n d e n d s w i t h
N e w Y e a r 's Day.
S u c h a h o l i d a y p e r i o d i s c o m m o n in th e a u t o m o b i l e , a e r o s p a c e , a n d f a r m i m p l e m e n t i n d u s t r i e s .
B e c a u s e of y e a r - t o - y e a r
v a r i a t i o n i n t h e n u m b e r o f w o r k d a y s d u r i n g th e p e r i o d , p a y f o r a S u n d a y i n D e c e m b e r , f r e q u e n t l y r e f e r r e d to a s a " b o n u s h o l i d a y , " m a y b e
p r o v i d e d to e q u a l i z e e a c h y e a r ' s to ta l h o l id a y p ay .
1
2 " F l o a t i n g " h o l i d a y s v a r y f r o m y e a r to y e a r a c c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r o r e m p l o y e e c h o i c e .
1
3 I n c l u d e s p a y m e n t s other than " l e n g t h of t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t of a n n u a l e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y a n d d o n ot
n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t i n d i v i d u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , c h a n g e s i n p r o p o r t i o n s a t 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10
years.
E s tim a te s a r e cu m u lative.
T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r a t l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r 10 y e a r s i n c l u d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r a t l e a s t 3
w e e k s ' p a y a f t e r f e w e r y e a r s of s e r v i c e .
14 E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f t e r t y p e o f b e n e f i t a r e f o r a l l p l a n s f o r w h i c h a t l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t i s b o r n e b y th e e m p l o y e r . " N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " i n c l u d e o n l y t h o s e f i n a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r .
E x c lu d e d a r e le g a lly r e q u ir e d p lan s, such a s w o r k m e n 's c om p en satio n , s o c ia l
se c u rity , and r a i lr o a d re tire m e n t.
1
U n d u p lic a t e d to tal of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e or s i c k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e sh o w n s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
Sick le a v e p lan s
l i m i t e d t o t h o s e w h i c h d e f i n i t e l y e s t a b l i s h a t l e a s t t h e m i n i m u m n u m b e r of d a y s ' p a y t h a t e a c h e m p l o y e e c a n e x p e c t .
In fo rm al sick leave
a l l o w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on a n i n d i v i d u a l b a s i s a r e e x c l u d e d .
at




are

Appendix. Occupational Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the B u reau 's wage surveys is to a s s is t its field staff in classify in g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are employed under a variety of payroll title s and different work arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from a re a to a re a . This p erm its the grouping of occupational wage rate s representing com parable job content. B ecause of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and in terare a com parability of occupational content, the B u reau 's job descriptions m ay differ significantly from those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prepared for other p urp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B u reau 's field econom ists are instructed
to exclude working su p e rv iso rs; apprentices; le arn ers; beginners; train e es; and handicapped, p art-tim e, tem porary, and probationary w orkers.

OFFICE
C LE R K , ACCOUNTING— Continued

B IL L E R , MACHINE
P re p a re s statem ents, b ills, and invoices on a m achine other than an ordinary or electrom atic typew riter. May also keep reco rd s as to billings or shipping charges or perform other
c le rical work incidental to billing operations. F or wage study p urp oses, b ille r s, m achine, are
cla ssifie d by type of m achine, as follows:
B iller, machine (billing m achine). U ses a sp ecial billing machine (combination typing
and adding machine) to p rep are b ills and invoices from cu sto m ers' purchase o rd e rs, in ter­
nally prepared o rd e rs, shipping m em orandum s, etc. U sually involves application of p r e ­
determined discounts and shipping charges and entry of n ec e ssa ry extensions, which m ay or
m ay not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are autom atically accum ulated
by m achine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being
prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.
B ille r, machine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or without
a typew riter keyboard) to p rep are cu sto m ers' bills as part of the accounts receivable o p era­
tion. G enerally involves the sim ultaneous entry of figu res on custom ers' ledger record . The
machine autom atically accum ulates figu res on a number of vertical columns and computes
and usually prints autom atically the debit or credit balan ces. Does not involve a knowl­
edge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sa le s and credit slip s.
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR
O perates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a record
of bu sin ess tran saction s.
C la ss A. Keeps a set of reco rd s requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fam iliarity with the structure of the p articular accounting system
used. Determ ines proper reco rd s and distribution of debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the work. May p rep are consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other record s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a record of one or m ore phases or sections of a set of record s usually
requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. P h ases or sections include accounts payable,
payroll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d escribed under b iller,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or a s s is t
in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting departm ent.
C LER K . ACCOUNTING
P erfo rm s one or m ore accounting c le ric al task s such as posting to r e g iste rs and led g ers;
reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, com pleteness, and m athem atical
accu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p rescrib ed accounting distribution codes; examining
and verifying for cle ric al accuracy various types of rep o rts, lis t s , calculations, posting, etc.;
or preparing sim ple or assistin g in preparing m ore com plicated journal vouchers. May work
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work req u ires a knowledge of c le ric al methods and office p ractice s and procedures
which relate s to the c le ric al p ro cessin g and recording of tran saction s and accounting information.
With experience, the worker typically becom es fam iliar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assign ed work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the form al
principles of bookkeeping and accounting.




P osition s a re c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Under general supervision, p erform s accounting c le rical operations which
require the application of experience and judgment, for exam ple, cle rically processing com ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran saction s, selecting among a substantial variety of
p rescrib e d accounting codes and c la ssifica tio n s, or tracin g tran saction s through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscre p an cies. May be a ssiste d by one or m ore
c la ss B accounting c le rk s.
C la ss B . Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized pro­
cedu res, perform s one or m ore routine accounting c le rical operations, such as posting to
le d g e rs, ca rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and locations of postings are
cle arly indicated; checking accu racy and com pleteness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p rescribed accounting codes.
C LE R K , F IL E
F ile s, c la s s ifie s , and retriev es m aterial in an established filing system . May perform
c le rical and manual task s required to m aintain file s. Positions are cla ssifie d into levels on the
b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . C la s sifie s and indexes file m ate rial such as correspondence, rep orts, tech­
nical docum ents, e tc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject
m atter file s. May a lso file this m ate rial. May keep record s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of lower level file c le rk s.
C la ss B . S o rts, codes, and files un classified m aterial by sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly cla ssifie d m ate rial by finer subheadings. P re p are s sim ple related index and
c r o ss-re fe re n c e aid s. As requested, locates clearly identified m aterial in files and fo r­
w ards m ate rial. May perform related cle ric al task s required to maintain and service files.
C la ss C . P erform s routine filing of m ate rial that has already been cla ssifie d or which
is e asily c la ssifie d in a sim ple se r ia l classificatio n system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological,
or n um erical). As requested, locates readily available m aterial in files and forw ards m a ­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. May perform sim ple cle ric al and manual task s
required to m aintain and serv ice files.
C LER K , ORDER
R eceives cu sto m ers' o rd e rs for m aterial or m erchandise by m ail, phone, or personally.
Duties involve any combination of the following: Quoting p rice s to custom ers; making out an order
sheet listing the item s to make up the o rder; checking p rices and quantities of item s on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departm ents to be filled. May check with credit
departm ent to determ ine credit rating o( custom er, acknowledge receipt of ord e rs from custom ers,
follow up o rd e rs to see that they have been filled, keep file of ord ers received, and check shipping
invoices with original o rd e rs.
C LER K , PAYROLL
Computes wages of company em ployees and enters the n ece ssa ry data on the payroll
sh eets. Duties involve: Calculating w ork ers' earnings based on tim e or production record s: and
posting calculated data on payroll sheet, showing information such a s w ork er's name, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a s s is t pay m aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

NOTE: Since the la st survey in this a re a , the Bureau has (1) discontinued collecting data for Com ptometer o p e rato rs. (2) changed
the electron ics technicians c la ssific a tio n from a single level to a three level job, and (3) begun collecting data for warehousemen.

27

28
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

O perates a keypunch machine to reco rd or v erify alphabetic and/or num eric data on
tabulating ca rd s or on tape.

NOTE: The term "corp orate o fficer, " used in the level definitions following, r e fe rs to
those o fficials who have a significant corporate-w ide policym aking role with regard to m ajor
company activ ities. The title "vice p re sid e n t," though norm ally indicative of this role, does not
in all c a se s identify such positions. Vice p residen ts whose p rim ary respon sibility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual c a se s or tran saction s (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or cred it actions;
adm inister individual tru st accounts: d irectly sup ervise a cle ric al staff) are not considered to be
"corp orate o ffic e rs" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.

P osition s a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A . Work req u ires the application of experience and judgment in selecting p ro ce­
dures to be followed and in searching fo r, interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched from a variety of source docum ents. On occasion may a lso perform some routine
keypunch work. May train inexperienced keypunch o p e rato rs.
C la s s B . Work is routine and repetitive. Under clo se supervision or following specific
procedures or in struction s, works from v ariou s standardized source documents which have
been coded, and follows specified procedures which have been p rescrib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, or interpreting of data to be recorded. R efers to su p ervisor
problem s a risin g from erroneous item s or codes or m issin g information.
MESSENGER (Office Boy or Girl)
P erfo rm s variou s routine duties such as running e rra n d s, operating m inor office m a ­
chines such as s e a le r s or m a ile r s , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le ric a l work.
Exclude positions that requ ire operation of a m otor vehicle as a significant duty.
SEC RETA R Y
A ssigned a s p erso n al se c re ta ry , norm ally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly
respon sive relationship to the day-to-day work of the su p e rv iso r. Works fairly independently r e ­
ceiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. P erfo rm s varied c le r ic a l and se c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st of the following:
a. R eceives telephone c a lls , p erson al c a lle r s , and incoming m ail, answ ers routine
in q u ires, and routes technical in quiries to the proper p erson s;
b.

E sta b lish e s, m ain tain s, and re v ise s the su p e rv iso r's files;

c.

M aintains the su p e rv iso r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed;

d.

R elays m e ssa g e s from su p e rv iso r to subordinates;

e. Reviews correspondence, m em orandum s, and rep orts p rep ared by others for the
su p e rv iso r 's signature to a ssu r e procedural and typographic accuracy;
f.

P erfo rm s stenographic and typing work.

May a lso perform other c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l ta sk s of com parable nature and difficulty.
The work typically req u ires knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization,
p ro g ra m s, and procedures related to the work of the su p e rv iso r.
Exc lusions
Not all positions that are titled "s e c re ta r y " p o s se s s the above c h a ra c te ristic s. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are a s follow s:
a.

P osition s which do not m eet the "p e rso n al" se cre tary concept described above;

b.

Stenographers not fully trained in s e c r e ta r ia l type duties;

c. Stenographers servin g a s office a ss is ta n ts to a group of p ro fessio n al, technical, or
m an agerial p erso n s;
d. S ec re ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore routine or
substantially m ore com plex and respon sible than those ch aracterized in the definition;
e. A ssista n t type positions which involve m ore difficult or m ore respon sible tech­
nical, adm in istrativ e, su p erv iso ry, or sp ecialized c le ric a l duties which are not typical of
se c r e ta r ia l work.




C la ss A
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or president of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre ta ry to the head, im m ediately below the corporate officer level, of a m ajor
segm ent or su b sid iary of a company that em ploys, in all, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s B
1. S ecre tary to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company that em ploys, in
a ll, fewer than 100 p e rso n s; or
2. S ecre tary to a corporate officer (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s; or
3. S ecre tary to the head, im m ediately below the officer level, over either a m ajor
corporate-w ide functional activity (e.g ., m arketing, rese arch , operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a m ajor geographic or organizational segm ent (e.g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
em ployees; or
4. S ecre tary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 p e rso n s; or
5. S ecre tary to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e.g., a middle
m anagem ent su p e rv iso r of an organizational segm ent often involving as many as sev e ral
hundred p erson s) or a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 25,000 p e rso n s.
C la s s C
1. S ecre tary to an executive or m an agerial person whose resp on sibility is not equivalent
to one of the specific level situations in the definition for c la s s B, but whose organizational
unit norm ally num bers at le a st sev eral dozen em ployees and is usually divided into o rg an iza­
tional segm ents which a re often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this level
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; c>r
2. S ecre ta ry to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc. (or other equivalent level
of official) that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 5,000 p e rso n s.
C la ss D
1. S ecre tary to the su p ervisor or head of a sm all organizational unit (e.g., fewer than
about 25 or 30 p erson s); m2. S ecre tary to a nonsupervisory staff sp e c ia list, p rofession al employee, ad m in istra­
tive o fficer, or a ssista n t, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies a ssign
sten ograph ers, rather than se c r e ta r ie s as d escribed above, to this level of supervisory or
n onsupervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tran scrib e the dictation. May
a lso type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasion ally tran scrib e
from voice recordings (if p rim ary duty is tran scrib in g from record in gs, see Transcribing-M achine
O perator, G eneral).
NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a se cre tary in that a secre tary norm ally
works in a confidential relationship with only one m anager or executive and perform s m ore
respon sible and d iscretion ary task s as d escribed in the se c re ta ry job definition.
Stenographer, General
Dictation involves a norm al routine vocabulary. May m aintain file s, keep sim ple reco rd s,
or perform other relatively routine cle ric al ta sk s.

29
STENOGRAPHER—Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (Electric Accounting Machine Operator)—Continued

Stenographer, Senior

Positions are c la ssifie d into levels on the b a sis of the following definitions.

Dictation involves a varied technical or sp ecialized vocabulary such a s in legal briefs
or reports on scientific rese arc h . May a lso set up and m aintain files, keep re co rd s, etc.
OR
P erfo rm s stenographic duties requiring significantly g rea ter independence and respon ­
sibility than stenographer, general, a s evidenced by the following: Work requ ires a high
degree of stenographic speed and accu racy; a thorough working knowledge of general busin ess
and office procedure; and of the specific busin ess operations, organization, p o licie s, p roce­
d u res, file s, workflow, etc. U ses this knowledge in perform ing stenographic duties and
respon sible c le ric al task s such as m aintaining followup files; assem bling m aterial for rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte rs; composing sim ple le tters from general instructions; reading and
routing incoming m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C la ss A . O perates a single- or m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. P erfo rm s full telephone information service or handles
com plex c a lls, such as conference, collect, o v e rse a s, or sim ilar c a lls, either in addition to
doing routine work as described for switchboard operator, c la ss B, or a s a full-tim e
assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone information serv ice occurs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable for telephone information purposes, e .g ., because
of overlapping or interrelated functions, and consequently present frequent problem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for c a lls.)
C la ss B . O perates a single- or m ultipie-position telephone switchboard handling incoming,
outgoing, intraplant or office c a lls. May handle routine long distance calls and record tolls.
May perform lim ited telephone information serv ic e . ("L im ite d " telephone information service
occu rs if the functions of the establishm ent serv iced are readily understandable for telephone
information p urposes, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension numbers when
specific names are furnished, or if com plex c alls are referre d to another operator.)
These c la ssific a tio n s do not include switchboard o p erato rs in telephone com panies who
a s s is t custo m ers in placing c a lls.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
In addition to perform ing duties of operator on a single-position or m onitor-type switch­
board, acts a s receptionist and m ay also type or perform routine c le ric a l work a s part of regular
duties. This typing or c le ric al work m ay take the m ajo r part of this w orker's tim e while at
switchboard.
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E lectric Accounting Machine Operator)
O perates one or a variety of m achines such a s the tabulator, calculator, collator, in ter­
p rete r, so rte r, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition a re working su p e rv iso rs.
Also excluded are operators of electronic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

C la ss A. P erfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
difficult control panel wiring under general supervision. Assignm ents typically involve a
variety of long and com plex rep orts which often are irreg u lar or nonrecurring, requiring
some planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use of a variety of m a ­
chines. Is typically involved in training new operators in machine operations or training
lower level op erators in wiring from d iagram s and in the operating sequences of long and
com plex rep o rts. Does not include positions in which wiring responsibility is lim ited to
selection and in sertion of prew ired boards.
C la ss B. P erform s work according to established procedures and under specific in­
structions. A ssignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recurrin g reports or parts
of la r g e r and m ore com plex rep orts. O perates m ore difficult tabulating or e lectrical a c ­
counting m achines such a s the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the sim pler machines
used by c la ss C o p e rato rs. May be required to do some wiring from d iagram s. May train
new em ployees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C. Under specific in struction s, operates sim ple tabulating or e lectrical accounting
m achines such a s the so rte r, in terp reter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. A ssignm ents
typically involve portions of a work unit, for exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May perform sim ple wiring from d iag ram s, and do some filing work.
TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
P rim ary duty is to tran scrib e dictation involving a normal routine vocabulary from
transcribing-m achine reco rd s. May also type from written copy and do sim ple clerical work.
W orkers tran scrib ing dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal b riefs or rep orts on scientific rese arch are not included. A worker who takes dictation
in shorthand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is c la ssifie d as a stenographer.
TYPIST
U ses a typew riter to make copies of various m ate rials or to make out bills after ca lcu la­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, or sim ilar m ate ­
r ia ls for use in duplicating p r o c e sse s. May do c le rical work involving little special training, such
a s keeping sim ple reco rd s, filing record s and rep orts, or sorting and distributing incoming jn a il.
C la ss A. P erform s one or m ore of the following: Typing m aterial in final form when
it involves combining m aterial from sev eral so u rces; or responsibility for correct spelling,
syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language m ate­
rial; or planning layout and typing of com plicated statistical tab les to m aintain uniformity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form le tte rs, varying d etails to suit circum stan ces.
C la ss B . P erform s one or m ore of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear
d rafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance p olicies, etc.; or setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; or copying m ore com plex tables already set up and spaced properly.

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
COMPUTER OPERATOR
Monitors and operates the control console of a digital com puter to p ro cess data according
to operating in struction s, usually prepared by a p ro gram er. Work includes m ost of the following:
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape re e ls, c a rd s, etc.); switches n ece ssary auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and op erates com puter; m akes adjustm ents to computer to c o rrect operating problem s and m eet
sp ecial conditions; reviews e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or r e fe r s problem
to su p erv iso r or p ro gram er; and m aintains operating rec o rd s. May te st and a s s is t in correcting
p rogram .
F or wage study p u rp o ses, computer op erato rs are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: New p rogram s are frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of critic al im portance to m inim ize downtime;
the p ro gram s a re of com plex design so that identification of e rr o r source often requ ires a
working knowledge of the total program , and alternate p ro gram s m ay not be available. May
give direction and guidance to lower level o p erato rs.
C la ss B. O perates independently, or under only general direction, a computer running
p rogram s with m ost of the following c h a ra c te ristic s: Most of the p rogram s are established
production runs, typically run on a regu larly recu rrin g b a sis; there is little or no testing




COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued
of new p rogram s required; alternate p rogram s are provided in ca se original program needs
m ajor change or cannot be corrected within a reasonable tim e. In common e rro r situ a ­
tions, diagnoses cause and takes corrective action. This usually involves applying previously
program ed corrective step s, or using standard correction techniques.
OR
O perates under direct supervision a computer running p rogram s or segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra c te ristic s described for c la ss A. May a s s is t a higher level operator by inde­
pendently perform ing le s s difficult task s assign ed , and perform ing difficult task s following
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations perform ed.
C la ss C . Works on routine p rogram s under close supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect problem s involved in
running routine p ro g ram s. U sually has received som e form al training in computer operation.
May a s s is t higher level operator on com plex p ro g ram s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statem ents of bu sin ess problem s, typically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which a re required to solve the problem s by automatic data
p ro cessin g equipment. Working from charts or d iag ram s, the p rogram er develops the p recise in­
structions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

30
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS— Continued
of data to achieve d esired r e su lts. Work involves m ost of the following: Applies knowledge of
com puter c a p a b ilities, m ath em atics, logic employed by com puters, and p articu lar subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and d iagram s of the problem to be program ed; develops sequence
of program step s; w rites detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be p ro cessed ;
converts these ch arts to coded instructions for m achine to follow; te sts and c o rrects p rog ram s;
p rep a re s instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lte rs
p ro g ram s to in cre ase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains record s of
p rogram development and rev isio n s. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both system s an alysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be c la ssifie d as system s analysts if th is is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the management or supervision of
other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or p ro g ra m ers prim arily concerned with scientific
and /or engineering p ro blem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o se s, p ro g ra m ers are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on qomplex problem s which
require com petence in all ph ases of program ing concepts and p rac tic e s. Working from d ia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d esired re su lts, m ajor p rocessin g steps to be
accom plished, and the relationships between variou s step s of the problem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system
in achieving d esired end products.
At this level, program ing is difficult because com puter equipment m ust be organized to
produce sev e ral in terrelated but d iv erse products from numerous and d iv erse data elem ents.
A wide variety and extensive number of internal p ro cessin g actions m ust occur. This requ ires
such actions a s development of common operations which can be reu sed, establishm ent of
linkage points between operations, adjustm ents to data when program requirem ents exceed
com puter sto rage capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequencing of data elements
to form a highly integrated p ro gram .
May provide functional direction to lower level p ro g ram ers who are assign ed to a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on relatively sim ple
p ro g ra m s, or on sim ple segm ents of com plex p ro g ra m s. P rog ram s (or segm ents) usually
p ro c e ss inform ation to produce data in two or three varied sequences or form ats. R eports
and listin g s are produced by refining, adapting, array in g , or making m inor additions to or
deletions from input data which a re read ily av ailable. While numerous reco rd s m ay be
p ro c essed , the data have been refined in p rio r actions so that the accu racy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the p rogram d eals with
routine record-keeping type operations.
OR
Works on com plex p ro gram s (as d escribed for c la ss A) under close direction of a higher
level p ro g ram er or su p erv iso r. May a s s i s t higher level p rogram er by independently p e r ­
form ing le s s difficult ta sk s assign ed , and perform ing m ore difficult task s under fa irly close
direction.
May guide or in struct lower level p ro g ra m ers.
C la ss C . M akes p ractical applications of program ing p ractice s and concepts usually
learned in form al training c o u rse s. A ssignm ents a re designed to develop competence in the
application of standard proced ures to routine problem s. R eceives close supervision on new
a sp e c ts of assign m en ts; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with
required p ro ced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEM S ANALYST, BUSINESS
Analyzes bu sin ess problem s to form ulate proced ures for solving them by use of electronic
data p ro cessin g equipment. Develops a com plete d escription of all specifications needed to enable
p ro g ra m ers to p rep are required digital computer p ro g ram s. Work involves m ost of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and c rite ria required
to achieve satisfa c to ry r e su lts; sp ecifies number and types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be perform ed by personnel and com puters in sufficient detail for
presentation to m anagem ent and for program ing (typically this involves preparation of work and
data flow charts); coordinates the development of te st problem s and p articip ates in tr ia l runs of
new and rev ised sy ste m s; and recom m ends equipment changes to obtain m ore effective overall
operations. (NOTE: W orkers perform ing both sy stem s an alysis and program ing should be c la s ­
sified a s sy stem s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)
Does not include em ployees p rim arily respon sible for the m anagem ent or supervision
of other electronic data p ro cessin g em ployees, or system s analysts p rim arily concerned with
scien tific or engineering problem s.
F o r wage study p u rp o ses, system s analysts are c la ssifie d as follows:
C la ss A. Works independently or under only general direction on com plex problem s in­
volving all phases of sy stem s a n a ly sis. P roblem s a re com plex because of d iverse so u rces of
input data and m ultiple-u se requirem ents of output data. (F or exam ple, develops an integrated
production scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a ly sis, and sale s an aly sis reco rd in which




COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS—Continued
every item of each type is autom atically p ro cessed through the full system of reco rd s and
appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) C onfers with p erson s concerned to
determ ine the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im p lica­
tions of new or revised Bystem s of data p ro cessin g operations. M akes recom m endations, if
needed, for approval of m ajor system s in stallations or changes and for obtaining equipment.
May provide functional direction to lower level sy stem s an alysts who are assig n ed to
a s s is t .
C la ss B . Works independently or under only general direction on problem s that are
relatively uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rogram , and operate. P rob lem s are of lim ited
com plexity because sou rces of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely
related. (F or exam ple, develops sy stem s for m aintaining d epositor accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishm ent, or m aintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing or w holesale establishm ent.) Confers with p erson s concerned to determine
the data p ro cessin g problem s and ad vises subject-m atter personnel on the im plications of the
data p ro cessin g sy stem s to be applied.
OR
Works on a segm ent of a com plex data p ro cessin g schem e or system , as d escribed for
c la ss A. Works independently on routine assign m en ts and receives instruction and guidance
on com plex assign m en ts. Work is reviewed for accu racy of judgm ent, com pliance with
in struction s, and to in sure proper alinement with the ov erall system ,
C la ss C . Works under im m ediate supervision , carryin g out a n alyses as assign ed , usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to«develop and expand p ractical experience
in the application of procedures and sk ills required for sy stem s a n aly sis work. F or exam ple,
m ay a s s is t a higher level sy stem s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m ers from inform ation developed by the higher level analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C la ss A. Plans the graphic presentation of com plex item s having distinctive design
featu res that differ significantly from establish ed drafting p receden ts. Works in clo se sup­
port with the design originator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. A nalyzes the
effect of each change on the d etails of form , function, and positional relationsh ips of com ­
ponents and p a rts. Works with a minimum of supervisory a ssista n c e . Completed work is
reviewed by design originator for consistency with p rior engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are draw ings, or d irect their preparation by lower level draftsm en.
C la ss B . P erfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assign m en ts that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu larly used. Duties typically in­
volve such work a s: P re p a re s working drawings of su b a sse m b lie s with irre g u lar shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p re c ise positional relation sh ips between components; p rep are s a rch i­
tectu ral drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, floor plan s, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and m anuals in making n ece ssa ry
computations to determ ine quantities of m a te r ia ls to be used, load cap acitie s, stren gth s,
s t r e s s e s , etc. R eceives in itial in struction s, requ irem ents, and advice from su p e rv iso r.
Com pleted work is checked for technical adequacy.
C la ss C . P re p a re s d etail drawings of single units or p arts for engineering, construction,
m anufacturing, or rep air p u rp oses. Types of drawings prepared include isom etric projections
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of
components and convey needed inform ation. Consolidates d etails from a number of sou rces
and adjusts or tran sp o se s scale a s required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable
precedents, and advice on source m a te ria ls a re given with initial assign m en ts. Instructions
are le s s com plete when assignm ents recu r. Work m ay be spot-checked during p ro g re ss.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings p rep ared by others by placing tracing, cloth or paper over
drawings and tracin g with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracin g lim ited to plans p rim arily
con sisting of straight lin es and a large scale not requiring clo se delineation.)
AND/OR
P re p a re s sim ple or repetitive drawings of e asily v isu alized item s. Work is closely supervised
during p r o g re ss.
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on variou s types of electronic equipment and related d evices by perform ing one
or a combination of the following: Installing, m aintaining, rep airin g, overhauling, troubleshooting,
m odifying, constructing, and testin g. Work req u ires p ractica l application of technical knowledge
of electron ics p rin cip le s, ability to determ ine m alfunctions, and sk ill to put equipment in required
operating condition.

31
E L E C T R O N IC S

T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u ed

E L E C T R O N IC S

The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circu its or m ultiple repetition
of the sam e kind of circuit— includes, but is not lim ited to, the following: (a) E lectronic tr a n s­
m itting and receiving equipment (e.g ., rad ar, radio, telev isio n , telephone, son ar, navigational
aid s), (b) digital and analog com puters, and (c) in dustrial and m ed ical m easuring and controlling
equipment.
This c la ssific a tio n excludes repairm en of such standard electronic equipment a s common
office m achines and household radio and television se ts; production a sse m b le rs and t e ste r s; work­
e rs whose p rim ary duty is servicin g electronic te st instrum ents; technicians who have adm in is­
trativ e or sup erv iso ry responsibility; and draftsm en, d esig n e rs, and p rofession al engineers.
P osition s a re c la ssifie d into lev els on the b a sis of the following definitions.
C la ss A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually com plex problem s
(i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ila r documents) in working on electronic equipment. Exam ples of such problem s include
location and density of circu itry, electro-m agnetic radiation, isolating m alfunctions, and
frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of the in terrelation ­
ships of c irc u its; exercisin g independent judgment in perform ing such task s a s making circuit
an a ly se s, calculating wave fo rm s, tracin g relationships in signal flow; and regu larly using
com plex te st instrum ents (e.g ., dual trac e o sc illo sc o p e s, Q -m eters, deviation m e te rs, pulse
gen erato rs).
Work m ay be reviewed by su p e rv iso r (frequently an engineer or d esigner) for general
com pliance with accepted p ractices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss B . Applies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com plex problem s (i.e .,
those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting m an ufacturers' m anuals or
sim ilar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with
the in terrelation sh ips of c ircu its; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selectin g
tools and testing instrum ents, usually le s s com plex than those used by the c la ss A technician.

T E C H N I C I A N — C o n tin u ed

R eceives technical guidance, a s required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician,
and work is reviewed for specific com pliance with accepted p ractice s and work assignm ents.
May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.
C la ss C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform sim ple or routine task s in
working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all
p roced ures. Work typically involves such task s a s: A ssistin g higher level technicians by
perform ing such activities as replacing components, wiring circu its, and taking test readings;
repairing sim ple electron ic equipment; and using tools and common te st instrum ents (e.g.,
m u ltim eters, audio signal g en erato rs, tube t e s t e r s , o scillo sco p es). Is not required to be
fa m ilia r with the in terrelation sh ips of circu its. This knowledge, however, m ay be acquired
through assign m en ts designed to in cre ase competence (including cla ssro o m training) so that
worker can advance to higher level technician.
R eceives technical guidance, as required, from su p ervisor or higher level technician.
Work is typically spot checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignm ents
are involved.
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)
A re g iste re d n urse who gives nursing serv ice under general m edical direction to ill or
injured em ployees or other p erson s who become ill or suffer an accident on the p rem ises of a
factory or other establishm ent. Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving fir s t aid
to the ill o r injured; attending to subsequent d re ssin g of em ployees' in juries; keeping record s
of patients treated ; preparing accident reports for com pensation or other purp oses; assistin g in
physical exam inations and health evaluations of applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment,
or other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of a ll personnel. Nursing su p ervisors
or head n u rses in establishm ents employing m ore than one nurse are excluded.

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER

P erfo rm s the carpentry duties n ec e ssa ry to construct and m aintain in good rep air build­
ing woodwork and equipment such a s bins, c r ib s, counters, benches, p artition s, doors, flo o rs,
s t a ir s , ca sin g s, and trim m ade of wood in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following:
Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verbal instruction s; using a
variety of carp en ter's handtools, portable power to o ls, and standard m easuring instrum ents; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relating to dim ensions of work; and selecting m a te ria ls n ece ssa ry
for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

F ir e s station ary b oilers to furnish the establishm ent in which employed with heat, power,
or steam . F eed s fuels to fire by hand or op erates a m echanical stoker, g as, or oil burner; and
checks w ater and safety valves. May clean, oil, or a s s is t in repairing boilerroom equipment.

ELECTRICIAN , MAINTENANCE
P erfo rm s a variety of e le ctric a l trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance, or
re p a ir of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of e lectric energy in an e sta b ­
lishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Installing or rep airin g any of a variety of e le c ­
tr ic a l equipment such a s g en erato rs, tra n sfo rm e rs, sw itchboards, con trollers, circuit b r e a k e r s ,
m otors, heating units, conduit sy ste m s, or other tran sm issio n equipment; working from blue­
p rin ts, draw ings, layouts, or other sp ecificatio n s; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le ctrica l
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents of wiring or
e le ctrica l equipment; and using a v ariety of e le ctric ia n 's handtools and m easuring and testing
in strum ents. In gen eral, the work of the maintenance electrician req u ires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and m aintains and m ay a lso sup erv ise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrical) to supply the establishm ent in which employed with power,
heat, refrige ratio n , or air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and m aintaining equipment
such a s steam engines, a ir c o m p re sso rs, g e n e rato rs, m o to rs, turbin es, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam bo ilers and boiler-fed w ater pum ps; making equipment re p a irs; and
keeping a record of operation of m achinery, tem p eratu re, and fuel consumption. May a lso su ­
p e rv ise these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishm ents employing m ore than one
engineer a re excluded.




H E LPE R , MAINTENANCE TRADES
A s s is t s one or m ore w orkers in the sk illed m aintenance tra d e s, by perform ing specific
or general duties of le s s e r sk ill, such as keeping a worker supplied with m ate rials and tools;
cleaning working a re a , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeyman by holding m ate rials or
to o ls; and perform ing other unskilled task s as d irected by journeym an. The kind of work the
helper is perm itted to p erform v a rie s from trade to trade: In some trad e s the helper is confined
to supplying, lifting, and holding m ate rials and tools, and cleaning working a re a s; and in others
he is perm itted to p erform sp ecialized machine operations, or p arts of a trade that are also
perform ed by w orkers on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Sp ecializes in the operation of one or m ore types of machine tools, such as jig b o re rs,
cylindrical or su rface g rin d e rs, engine lathes, or m illin g m achines, in the construction of
m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fix tu res, or d ie s. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning
and perform ing difficult machining operations; p ro cessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of accu racy; using a variety of p recision m easuring instrum ents; selecting feeds,
sp eeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents during operation
to achieve requ isite to le ran ces or dim ensions. May be required to recognize when tools need
d re ssin g , to d re s s to o ls, and to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils. For
cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, m achine-tool o p e rato rs, toolroom , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this classificatio n .
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
P roduces replacem ent p arts and new p arts in m aking re p a irs of m etal p arts of m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Interpreting written
instructions and sp ecification s; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m ach in ist's

32
MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE— Continued

PAINTER, MAINTENANCE

handtools and p recisio n m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard machine tools;
shaping of m etal p arts to clo se to leran ces; making standard shop computations relating to dimen­
sions of work, tooling, feed s, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working p roperties of
the common m eta ls; selectin g standard m a te r ia ls, p a rts, and equipment required for his work;
and fitting and assem blin g p arts into m echanical equipment. In general, the m ach in ist's work
norm ally req u ires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ractice usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishm ent. Work involves
the following; Knowledge of su rface p ecu liarities and types of paint required for different applica­
tions; preparing su rface for painting by rem oving old finish or by placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstic e s; and applying paint with sp ray gun or brush. May m ix co lo rs, o ils, white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the
maintenance painter req u ires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE

MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R e p airs autom obiles, b u ses, m o to rtruck s, and tra c to r s of an establishm ent. Work in­
volves m ost of the following: Exam ining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; d is ­
assem blin g equipment and perform ing re p a irs that involve the use of such handtools as w renches,
g ag e s, d r ills , or sp ecialized equipment in d isasse m b lin g or fitting p arts; replacing broken or
defective p arts from stock; grinding and adjusting v alv es: reassem b lin g and installing the various
a sse m b lie s in the vehicle and m aking n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents; and alining w heels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In g en eral, the work of the automotive m echanic req u ires
rounded training and experience usually acqu ired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.
This c la ssific a tio n does not include m ech an ics who rep air cu sto m ers' vehicles in auto­
m obile rep a ir shops.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R ep airs m achinery or m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost
of the following: Exam ining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble;
dism antling or p artly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scrap in g and fitting p arts; replacin g broken o r defective p arts with item s obtained
from stock; ordering the production of a replacem ent p art by a machine shop or sending of the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m ajo r r e p a ir s; preparing written sp ecification s for m ajo r r e p a irs
or for the production of p a rts ordered from m achine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and making
a ll n e c e ssa ry adjustm ents for operation. In gen eral, the work of a maintenance m echanic requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship o r equivalent
training and experien ce. Excluded from this c la ssific a tio n are w orkers whose p rim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
In stalls new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and in sta lls m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re required. Work involves m o st of the following;
Planning and laying out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other sp ecification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; m aking standard shop computations relating to s t r e s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selectin g standard tools,
equipment, and p arts to be used; and in stalling and m aintaining in good order power tran sm issio n
equipment such as d riv es and speed red u ce rs. In general, the m illw right's work norm ally req u ires
a rounded train in g and experience in the trad e acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

In stalls or re p a irs w ater, steam , g as, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying out of work and m easuring to locate
position of pipe from drawings or other written specification s; cutting various size s of pipe to
co rrect lengths with ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and d ies; bending pipe by hand-driven or pow er-driven m achines; assem bling
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p r e s s u r e s , flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard te sts to determ ine whether fin­
ished pipes m eet sp ecificatio n s. In general, the work of the m aintenance pipefitter requ ires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experien ce. W orkers p rim arily engaged in in stalling and rep airin g building sanitation
or heating sy stem s a re excluded.
SH E ET -M E T A L WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b ric a te s, in sta lls, and m aintains in good rep air the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as machine guards, g re a se pans, sh elves, lo ck e rs, tan ks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sh eet-m etal m aintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types of sheet-m etal working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form ing, shaping, fitting, and assem blin g: and in stalling sheet-m etal a rtic le s
a s required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requ ires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and r e p a irs m achine-shop to o ls, g ag e s, jig s , fixtures or dies for forgin gs,
punching, and other m etal-form in g work. Work involves m ost of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from m odels, blueprints, draw ings, or other o ral and written sp ecification s;
using a variety of tool and die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easurin g instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p rop erties of common m etals and a lloys; setting up and operating of
machine tools and related equipment; making n e c e ssa ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of work, sp eed s, fe e d s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal p arts during fabrication
a s v e il a s of finished tools and d ies to achieve required q u alities; working to close toleran ces;
fitting and assem blin g of p arts to p rescrib e d toleran ces and allow ances; and selecting appropriate
m a te r ia ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In general, the tool and die m a k e r's work requ ires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ractice usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F o r cro ss-in d u stry wage study p u rp o ses, tool and die m ak e rs in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssifica tio n .

CUSTODIAL AND MATERIAL MOVEMENT
GUARD AND WATCHMEN
Guard. P erfo rm s routine police duties, either at fixed p ost or on tour, m aintaining ord er,
using a rm s or force where n e c e ssa ry . Includes gatem en who are stationed at gate and check
on identity of em ployees and other p erso n s entering.
Watchman. M akes rounds of p re m ise s p erio d ically in protecting p roperty again st fir e ,
theft, and illeg al entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working a re a s and w ashroom s, or
p re m ise s of an o ffice, apartm ent house, or com m ercial or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs; removing
chips, tr a sh , and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fix tu res; polishing m etal fix ­
tu re s or trim m in gs; providing supplies and m inor m aintenance s e rv ic e s; and cleaning la v ato rie s,
show ers, and r e str o o m s. W orkers who sp ecialize in window washing a re excluded.




LABO RER, MATERIAL HANDLING
A worker employed in a w arehouse, m anufacturing plant, sto re, or other establishm ent
whose duties involve one or m ore of the following: Loading and unloading various m ate rials and
m erchandise on or from freight c a r s , tru ck s, or other tran sportin g devices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m a te ria ls or m erchandise in proper storage location; and transporting m ate rials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or wheelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping or tra n sfe r o rd e rs for finished goods from stored m erchandise in acco rd ­
ance with sp ecification s on s a le s s lip s, cu sto m ers' o r d e r s, or other in struction s. May, in addition
to filling o rd e rs and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o r d e r s , requ i­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p e rv iso r, and p erform other related duties.

33
PACKER, SHIPPING
P re p a re s finished products for shipment or sto rage by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e rs, the specific operations perform ed being dependent upon the type, siz e , and number
of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requ ires
the placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the following:
Knowledge of variou s item s of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type
and size of container; inserting en clo sures in container; using e xce lsio r or other m ate rial to
prevent breakage or dam age; closing and sealin g container; and applying labels or entering
identifying data on container. P ack ers who a lso make wooden boxes or crate s are excluded.

TRUCKDRIVER— Continued
follow s:

F or wage study p urp oses, tru ck d rivers are c la ssifie d by size and type of equipment, as
(T ra c to r -tr a ile r should be rated on the b a sis of tr a ile r capacity.)
T ruckdriver
Truck d river,
Truck d river,
T ruck d river,
T ruck d river,

(combination of siz e s listed separately)
light (under IV2 tons)
medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
heavy (over 4 tons, tr a ile r type)
heavy (over 4 tons, other than tr a ile r type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK
P re p a re s m erchandise for shipment, or receiv es and is responsible for incoming ship­
m ents of m erchandise or other m a te ria ls. Shipping work in volves; A knowledge of shipping pro­
cedu res, p rac tic e s, routes, available m eans of tran sportation, and rate s; and preparing record s
of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch a rg e s, and keeping
a file of shipping rec o rd s. May d irect or a s s i s t in preparing the m erchandise for shipment.
Receiving work involves: Verifying or directing others in verifying the co rrectn ess of shipments
again st bills of lading, in voices, or other rec o rd s; checking for shortages and rejecting dam ­
aged goods; routing m erchandise or m ate rials to proper departm ents; and m aintaining n ece ssa ry
record s and file s.

TRUCKER, POWER
O perates a m anually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck or tractor to tran sport
goods and m ate rials of all kinds about a warehouse, m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F or wage study p u rp o ses, w orkers are c la ssifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ruck er, power (forklift)
T ruck er, power (other than forklift)

F o r wage study p urp oses, w orkers a re c la ssifie d a s follow s:

WAREHOUSEMAN

Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk

As directed, p erform s a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding
of the establish m ent's storage plan. Work involves m ost of the following: Verifying m aterials
(or m erchandise) again st receiving docum ents, noting and reporting d iscrep an cies and obvious
d am ages; routing m a te ria ls to p rescrib e d storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
m ate rials in accordance with p rescrib e d storage m ethods; rearran ging and taking inventory of
stored m a te ria ls; examining stored m ate rials and reporting deterioration and dam age; removing
m ate rial from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in
perform ing warehousing duties.

TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or in dustrial are a to tran sp ort m a te ria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such a s : Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establish m ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or p laces of b u sin ess. May a lso load or unload truck with or without h elp ers,
m ake m inor m echanical r e p a ir s, and keep truck in good working ord e r. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
over-the-road d riv e rs are excluded.




Exclude w orkers whose p rim ary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see shipping
and receiving clerk and packer, shipping), ord er filling (see order filler), or operating power
trucks (see tru ck er, power).
! - » * • - 1*1/ |




■
■

'

■ • <*. :
-

•

A v a ila b le O n R e q u e s t

w ill be

T h e f o l l o w i n g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m i n i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a i l a b l e at no c o s t w h i l e s u p p l i e s l a s t f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r .
A l a m o g o r d o —L a s C r u c e s , N . M e x .
A lask a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A m a rillo , Tex.
Atlan tic City , N .J .
A u g u s t a , G a . —S. C.
B a k e r s fie ld , C alif.
Baton R o u g e, L a .
B i lo x i , G u lfp o r t, and P a s c a g o u la , M i s s .
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and S t a m fo r d , Conn.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
C h a m p a i g n —U r b a n a , 111.
C ha rle sto n , S.C .
C l a r k s v i l l e , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p rin g s, C olo.
C o lu m b ia , S.C .
C o l u m b u s , G a —A l a .
C orpus C h risti, Tex.
C r a n e , Ind.
Dothan, A l a .
D u l u t h —S u p e r i o r , M i n n — W i s .
E l Paso, Tex.
E u g e n e —S p r i n g f i e l d , O r e g .
F a r g o —M o o r h e a d , N . D a k — M i n n .
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N . C.
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s t o w n , M d . —P a . —W . V a .
F r e s n o , C alif.
G ran d F o r k s , N . Dak.
G r a n d I s l a n d —H a s t i n g s , N e b r .
G r e e n b o r o —W i n s t o n S a l e m —H i g h P o i n t , N . C .
H a rrisb u rg , Pa.
K n o x v ille , Tenn.

R eports

for

the f o l l o w i n g

surveys

conducted

in the p r i o r

year

b ut

E x p a n d e d to a n a r e a

wage

survey

in f i s c a l

year

1973.

of public

re lea se s

are

or

Laredo, Tex.
Las V egas, Nev.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d . —V a .
M a c o n , Ga.
M a r q u e t t e , E s c a n a b a , S a u l t Ste .
M a r ie , M ich.
M e l b o u r n e —T i t u s v i l l e —C o c o a , F l a .
( B r e v a r d C o.)
M eridian , M iss .
M i d d le s e x , M o n m o u t h , O c e a n , and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J.
M o b i l e , A l a . , and P e n s a c o l a , F la .
M ontgom ery, A la .
N a s h v ille , Tenn.
N orth e aste rn M aine
N o r w i c h —G r o t o n —N e w L o n d o n , C o n n .
O g d e n , Utah
O rlando, F la.
O x n a r d —S i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C a l i f .
P a n a m a C ity, F la .
Portsm outh, N . H —M a in e -M a s s .
P u e b lo , Colo.
Reno, Nev.
S acram en to , C alif.
S a nt a B a r b a r a —S a n t a M a r i a —L o m p o c , C a l i f .
S h e r m a n —D e n i s o n , T e x .
Shreveport, La.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h i c o p e e —H o l y o k e , M a s s — C o n n .
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson, A r iz .
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d —N a p a , C a l i f .
W ilm in gto n, D e l —N . J —M d.
Yum a, A riz.
sihce

discon tin ued a r e

A l p e n a , S tan dish , and T a w a s C ity , M i c h .
A s h e v ille, N .C .
A u stin , T e x . *
F o r t S m ith, A r k — O k la .
G re a t F a l l s , M ont.
*

C opies

also

available:

Lexington, K y .*
Pin e Bluff, A r k .
Stockton, C a l if .
Tacom a, Wash.
W ichita F a l l s , T e x .
See

inside

back cover.

T h e t w e l f t h a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , c h i e f a c c o u n t a n t s , a t t o r n e y s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , c h e m i s t s ,
e n g in e e rs , e n g in ee rin g tech n ician s, d ra fts m e n , and c le r ic a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 1742, N a t i o n a l S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m i n i s t r a t i v e ,
T e c h n i c a l , a n d C l e r i c a l P a y , J un e 1971, 75 c e n t s a c o p y , f r o m a n y o f the B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f d o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2040 2.







.

•

1
:

!

,

'
<v-

:

A re a W a g e S urveys
A l i s t o f the l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s i n c l u d i n g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u c t e d at the
r e q u e s t o f the E m p l o y m e n t S t a n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f the D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .
B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f the B L S
r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on the b a c k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 20402.
Area
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 1972-- ----------- — ---------- ----------------------------A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y - T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 1973 1-------------------S
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1973____________________________
A l l e n t o w n —B e t h l e h e m —E a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1972 1
__
A t l a n t a , G a . , M a y 1972 1-------------------—-_ _ _
A u s t i n , T e x . , D e c . 1972 1------------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 1- _ _ _________________ — — ----------B e a u m o n t —P o r t A r t h u i r - O r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 2 ------------B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1972 — ------------ ------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1972----------------------------------------------B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1972 1_________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1972 1------------ ------------ — — —-------- —
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1_______________________________________
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1972 1------ ------------------------------------------C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 1972 1-----------— —
----------------------------C h a r l e s t o n , W . V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ------------------- ----- --------------C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J an . 1973-------------------------- ------ -------------------C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t. 1972 1— — -----------------------C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1972__________________________________________
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o —K y . —I n d . , F e b . 1973------------------ -------- ----C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t. 1972 1-------- — -------— -------------C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1972 1________________________ _ ------------D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 2 1------------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o r f r - R o c k I s l a n d —M o l i n e , I o w a —111., F e b . 1973----D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1972---------------------------- ----- ---------------------D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1972----- ---------- ---------------------------- --------D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 1972 1 ........ ................ .......................
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1912— _ --------------------------------------------—
D u r h a m , N . C . , A p r . 1973________________________________________
F o r t L a u d e r d a l e —H o l l y w o o d an d W e s t P a l m
B e a c h , F l a . , A p r . 1972 1----- -------- ---------------------------------------F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1972 1----------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1972 * ------------------------- ---------------------G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 1 9 7 2 ______________________ _______— ____
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1972_______________________ ________________
H u n t s v i l l e , A l a . , F e b . 1973-------- ------------ ------------------------ ----I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1972 1------ .--------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1973-----------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 2 ----------------------------------------------K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Se pt . 19 7 2----------------------------------L a w r e n c e —H a v e r h i l l , M a s s . —N . H . , J un e 1972 1--------------L e x i n g t o n , K y . , N o v . 1972 1----------------------------------------_ _ _ _ _
L i t t l e R o c k —N o r t h L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 * _ _ ------L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , O c t . 1972 1------------------------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 1972----------- _ _ _ _ _ ---------------------L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 1973-----------------------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 7 2 1------ ------- ------------------------------M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1972--------------------------------------M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1972 1--- _ _ _ _ _ ------------------—----------- ------M i d l a n d an d O d e s s a , T e x . , J an . 1973_______________________
i

Bu lletin n u m ber
an d p r i c e
177 5-36, 4 0 cents
1775-62,
55 c e n t s
1775-52,
40 c e n t s
1725-87,
35 c e n t s
1725-77,
45 c e n t s
177 5-42,
40 c e n t s
1 7 7 5 -2 0 ,
75 c e n t s
1725-69,
30 c e n t s
177 5-5,
45 c e n t s
1725-58,
30 c e n t s
1775-32,
50 c e n t s
177 5-13,
75 c e n t s
1775-18,
65 c e n t s
1775-28,
50 c e n t s
1725-75,
35 c e n t s
1725-63,
35 c e n t s
1775-39,
40 c e n t s
1775-14,
55 c e n t s
1725-92,
70 c e n t s
1775-53,
50 c e n t s
1775-15,
75 c e n t s
1775-23,
55 c e n t s
1775-25,
75 c e n t s
177 5-57,
40 cen t6
1775-34,
40 c e n t s
1775-35,
40 c e n t s
1725-86,
35 c e n t s
1725-68,
40 c_ents
177 5 - 6 1 ,
35 c e n t s
1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1775-48,
1 7 7 5 -2 7 ,
177 5-44,
1775-31,
1 7 7 5 -1 7 ,
1 7 2 5 -8 1 ,
1775-22,
1775-2,

35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
55 c e n t s

1775-38,
1775-37,
1775-55,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1775-41,

75 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
55 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Area

B u lle tin n u m ber
an d p r i c e

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1972 1___________________________________ 1 7 2 5 -8 3 ,
M i n n e a p o l i s —St. P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1973_____________________ 1 7 7 5 - 4 9 ,
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J un e 1972 1 ________ 1 7 2 5 - 8 5 ,
M
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1973--------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 5 0 ,
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J an. 1973__________________________ ________ 1 7 7 5 - 4 6 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J an. 1 9 7 3 ____ _______________________ _______ 1 7 7 5 - 4 7 ,
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1972 1
____________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 9 0 ,
N o r f o l k - V i r g i n i a B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h an d
P
N e w p o r t N e w s —H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 1973 1_________________ 1 7 7 5 -5 1 ,
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1972 — —________________________ 1 7 7 5 -6 ,
O m a h a , N e b r . —I o w a , Se p t. 1972-------------------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 - 1 6 ,
P a t e r s o n —C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1972 1 _____ ________ 1 7 2 5 -8 8 ,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N o v . 1972____________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 4 5 ,
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1972 1______________________________ _______ 1 7 2 5 - 9 4 ,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J an. 1 9 7 2 ______________________________________
1725-46,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1972____________________________________ 1 7 7 5 -2 1 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1972 1 ____ ____________________ 1 7 2 5 -8 9 ,
P o u g h k e e p s i e —K i n g s t o n - N e w b u r g h , N . Y . ,
1 7 2 5 -8 0 ,
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k — a w t u c k e t , R . I . —M a s s . ,
P
1 7 2 5 -7 0 ,
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 1 9 7 2 ________________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 7 ,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ____________________________________ 1 7 2 5 -7 2 ,
R i v e r s i d e —S a n B e r n a r d i n o - O n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
D e c . 1972 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 7 5 -6 0 ,
R o c h e s t e r , N . Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n l y ) , J u l y 1 9 7 2 ___ 1 7 7 5 -4 ,
1 7 2 5 -8 4 ,
R o c k f o r d . 111., J u n e 1972 1 ______________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 1 9 7 2 _________________________________ 1 7 2 5 -6 1 ,
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1972 1______________ _______________ 1 7 7 5 -3 3 ,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 1 9 7 2 ___________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 6 7 ,
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1972____________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 4 0 ,
S a n F r a n c i s c o - O a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 1971 1 ________________ 1 7 2 5 -3 3 ,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1972_____________________________ ________ 1 7 2 5 -6 5 ,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1972 1 ______________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 7 3 ,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1972_______________________ __________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 0 ,
S e a t t l e —E v e r e t t , W a s h . , J an. 1973____________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 5 6 ,
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D a k . , D e c . 1972 1 ______________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 4 3 ,
So ut h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1973______________ ______________________ 1 7 7 5 - 5 4 ,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J un e 1972 1____________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 9 1 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1972_______________________________________ 177 5-1 1
T a m p a —St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , A u g . 1972_____________ ________ 1 7 7 5 - 9 ,
T o l e d o , O h i o —M i c h . , A p r . 1972 1 ______________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 7 8 ,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Se pt. 1972 1______________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 2 ,
U t i c a —R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 197 7
.____
_________ 1 7 7 5 - 3 ,
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , M a r . 1972 1 ____________________ 1 7 2 5 - 9 3 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1973___ ___________________ ___________ 1 7 7 5 - 5 8 ,
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 7 2 _ ___________________________________ 1 7 7 5 - 2 6 ,
_
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 1972 1_____________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 8 2 ,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1972 1_________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 7 1 .
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 X 1 ___________________________________________ 1 7 7 5 -5 9 ,
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1972_______________________ 1 7 7 5 - 1 9 ,

45
55
35
55
40
40
50

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

50
45
40
40
55
55
40
40
35

cents
cents
cents
c en ts
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
65
45
35
35
50
30
40
50
30
35
45
40
40
40
35
45
45
35
55
45
70

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c en ts
cents

40
40
35
35

cents
cents
cents
cents

cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents

40 c e n t s
40 c e n t s

POSTAGE AND FEES PAID
U .S . D E P A R T M E N T O F LA B O R

U. S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20212

LA B -4 4 1

OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300

THIRD CLASS MAIL

BUREAU OF LABOR S T A T IS T IC S REGIONAL OFFICES
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

Region II
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Region III
P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 597-1154 (Area Code 215)
Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)
Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V
8 th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
Chicago, III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin

Region V
I
1100 Commerce St. Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City. Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
VII
VIII
Iowa
Colorado
Kansas
Montana
Missouri
North Dakota
Nebraska
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
IX
X
Arizona
Alaska
California
Idaho
Hawaii
Oregon
Nevada
Washington