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A re a Wage S u rv e y

The Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
June 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-81




UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rth u r M

Ross, Commis sio ner




Area Wage Survey

The Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




June 1966

Bulletin No. 1465-81
J u ly 1 966

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
W. Willard Wirtz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
A rth u r M. Ross, C om m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 - Price 30 cent*




P re fa c e

C ontents
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s i g n e d to p r o v i d e da ta o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s , and e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i l e d da ta b y s e l e c t e d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s f o r e a c h
o f the a r e a s s t u d i e d , f o r e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s , and f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
the n e e d f o r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t i o n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , and (2) th e s t r u c ­
t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

Introduction_______________
Wage trends for selected occupational groups____________________________
T ables:
1.
2.

A.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s f o r e a c h a r e a s t u d ie d .
A fter
c o m p l e t i o n o f a ll o f th e i n d i v i d u a l a r e a b u l l e t i n s f o r a
round of s u r v e y s , a t w o - p a r t s u m m a r y b ulletin is is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t p a r t b r i n g s da t a f o r e a c h o f the m e t r o p o l i t a n
a r e a s s t u d ie d in to o n e b u l l e t i n . T h e s e c o n d p a r t p r e s e n t s
in fo r m a t io n w h ich has b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t ­
r o p o l i t a n a r e a da ta to r e l a t e to e c o n o m i c r e g i o n s and the
U n ite d S t a t e s .

B.




Establishments and workers within scope of survey and
number studied______________________________________________________
Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-tim e hourly
earnings for selected occupational groups, and percents of
increase for selected periods______________________________________
Occupational earnings:*
A -1 . Office occupations—
men and women_________________________
A -2 . Professional and technical occupations—
men and w om en ..
A -3 . Office, professional, and technical occupations—
men and women combined__________________________________
A -4 . Maintenance and powerplant occupations___________________
A -5 . Custodial and m aterial movement occupations____________

3

4

5

8
9
10
11

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions:*
B - l . Minimum entrance salaries for women office w o rk ers___
B -2 . Shift differen tials_____________________________________________
B -3 . Scheduled weekly h o u rs______________________________________
B -4 . Paid holidays___________________________________________________
B -5 . Paid vacations_____________________________________________ _—
B -6 . Health, insurance, and pension plans_______________________
B -7 . Health insurance benefits provided employees and
their dependents______________________ - ______________________
B -8 . P rofit-sharing p lan s__________________________________________

20
21

Appendixes:
A . Changes in occupational description s______________________________
B. Occupational description s___________________________________________

23
25

E i g h t y - f i v e a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e i n c l u d e d in the
p r o g r a m . I n f o r m a t i o n o n o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s is c o l l e c t e d
a n n u a lly in e a c h a r e a . I n f o r m a t i o n o n e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c ­
t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s i s o b t a i n e d b i e n ­
n i a l l y in m o s t o f the a r e a s .
T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
A k r o n , O h i o , in J un e 1966.
The Standard M etropolita n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , as d e f i n e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
t h r o u g h M a r c h 19 6 5, c o n s i s t s
o f P o r t a g e and S u m m i t
C ou nties.
T h i s s t u d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u ' s r e ­
g i o n a l o f f i c e in C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , J o hn W . L e h m a n , D i ­
r e c t o r ; b y A d r i e n P i c a r d , u n d e r th e d i r e c t i o n o f E d w a r d
Chaiken.
T h e s t u d y w a s u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
E lliott A. B r o w a r , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r W ages
and I n d u s t r i a l R e l a t i o n s .

1
4

areas.

ill

* N O T E : S im ila r tabu lation s a r e
(See in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)

available fo r

other

13
14
15
16
17
19




Area Wage Survey---The Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
I n t r o d u c t io n

r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is to the w o r k
s c h e d u l e s ( r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r ) f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id ; a v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s f o r th e se o c c u p a t io n s have
b e e n r o u n d e d to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 85 in w h i c h the U. S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r ' s
B ureau of L a b o r Statistics con du cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tion a l earnings
and r e l a t e d w a g e b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s .
In th is a r e a , da ta
w e r e o b t a i n e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e p r e ­
s e n t a t i v e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in s i x b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
Manu­
f a c t u r i n g ; t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , and o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
services.
M a jo r in du stry gro u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m th ese stu dies are
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s .
E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m i t t e d b e c a u s e th ey tend to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the
o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a te tabu lation s are
p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h o f the b r o a d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h i c h m e e t p u b ­
lica tio n c r it e r ia .

The a v e ra g e s p r e se n te d r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , a reaw ide e s t i­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and j o b
s t a f f i n g and, th us, c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h j o b .
T h e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p o b t a i n a b l e f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e pa y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n in any o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f the s e x e s w ith in
in dividual e s t a b lis h m e n t s . O ther p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ich m a y c o n t r i b ­
ute to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w it h in e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y the a c t u a l r a t e s
p a id i n c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lt h o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e l y c l a s s i f i e d w ith in the
sam e su rvey jo b d escrip tion .
J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f i c d u t i e s p e r f o r m e d .

T h ese s u rv e y s a re con du cted on a s a m p le b a s is b e ca u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t i n v o l v e d in s u r v e y i n g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s is s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g the data,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g i v e n t h e i r a p p r o p r i a t e w e i g h t . E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
as r e l a t i n g to a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w the m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O ccupations

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to t a l in
a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w it h in th e s c o p e o f the s tu d y and n o t the n u m b e r
a ctu ally s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , the e s t i m a t e s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ­
t a i n e d f r o m the s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e
th e r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the j o b s s t u d i e d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t i o n a l s t r u c t u r e d o not m a t e r i a l l y a f f e c t th e a c c u r a c y o f the
e a rn in g s data.

and E a r n i n g s

The o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the
follow ing ty p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e and p o w e r p l a n t ; and (4) c u s t o d i a l and m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f j o b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u t ie s w it h in the s a m e j o b .
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r stu dy
a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d i x B .
E a rn in g s data f o r s o m e of
the o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s
t a b l e s b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s t o o s m a l l
to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i ­
bility of d i s c l o s u r e o f in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d ( in th e B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s as th ey
r e l a t e to p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and f o r c e - a c c o u n t c o n s t r u c t i o n w o r k e r s w h o
a r e u tiliz e d as a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
"P la n t w o r k e r s "
i n c l u d e w o r k i n g f o r e m e n and a l l n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s ( in c l u d i n g
l e a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c t i o n s .
"O ffice w o r k ­
e r s " i n c l u d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s and n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r ­
f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d f u n c t i o n s . C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and r o u t e m e n
a r e e x c l u d e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , but i n c l u d e d in n o n m a n u ­
factu rin g in du stries.

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n i n g s da ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y s c h e d u l e
in the g i v e n o c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n i n g s da t a e x c l u d e p r e ­
m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h i f t s .
N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x c l u d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
b o n u s e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n c l u d e d . W h e r e w e e k l y h o u r s a r e




1

2
M i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s ( t a b l e B - l ) r e l a t e o n ly to the e s ­
tablish m en ts v is it e d .
T h e y a r e p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
w ith f o r m a l m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r y p o l i c i e s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a t a ( t a b l e B - Z ) a r e l i m i t e d to p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s .
T h i s i n f o r m a t i o n is p r e s e n t e d b o t h in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b l i s h m e n t p o l i c y , * p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
1
w o r k e r e m p l o y m e n t , and (Z) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f
w o r k e r s a c t u a l l y e m p l o y e d o n the s p e c i f i e d s h i f t at the t i m e o f the
survey.
In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , the a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , if no a m o u n t a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y ,
the c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in w h i c h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a i d at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly if it a p p l i e d to a m a j o r i t y o f the s h i f t h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ( t a b l e B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f the
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b l i s h m e n t a r e t a b u la t e d a s a p p l y i n g to
a ll o f the p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f that e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
Paid h o lid a y s ;
p a id v a c a t i o n s ; h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n p l a n s ; and p r o f i t - s h a r i n g
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 4 t h r o u g h B - 8 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y o n the b a s i s
that t h e s e a r e a p p l i c a b l e to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s if a m a j o r i t y
o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a l l y q u a lif y f o r the p r a c ­
t i c e s l i s t e d . S u m s o f i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s in t a b l e s B - Z t h r o u g h B - 8 m a y
not e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d i n g .
D a t a o n p a id h o l i d a y s ( t a b l e B - 4 ) a r e l i m i t e d to d a t a on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , (1) a r e p r o v i d e d f o r
in w r i t t e n f o r m , o r (Z) h a v e b e e n e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s t o m .
H olidays
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e i n c l u d e d e v e n th o u g h t h e y m a y f a l l o n a n o n ­
w o r k d a y , e v e n if the w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o f f .
The f i r s t
p a r t o f the p a id h o l i d a y s t a b l e p r e s e n t s the n u m b e r o f w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s a c t u a l l y g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o l e and h a lf
h o l i d a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t i o n p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 5 ) is l i m i t e d to
f o r m a l p o l i c i e s , exclu din g in fo r m a l a r r a n g e m e n ts w h e r e b y tim e off
w ith pa y is g r a n t e d at the d i s c r e t i o n o f the e m p l o y e r .
E stim ates
e x c l u d e v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p l a n s and t h o s e w h i c h o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r
" s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f i t s b e y o n d b a s i c p l a n s to w o r k e r s w ith q u a l i f y i n g
le n g t h s o f s e r v i c e .
T y p i c a l o f s u c h e x c l u s i o n s a r e p la n s in the s t e e l ,
a l u m i n u m , and c a n i n d u s t r i e s . S e p a r a t e e s t i m a t e s a r e p r o v i d e d a c ­
c o r d i n g to e m p l o y e r p r a c t i c e in c o m p u t i n g v a c a t i o n p a y m e n t s , s u c h as
t i m e p a y m e n t s , p e r c e n t o f ann ual e a r n i n g s , o r f l a t - s u m a m o u n t s . H o w ­
e v e r , in the t a b u l a t i o n s o f v a c a t i o n p a y , p a y m e n t s n ot o n a t i m e b a s i s
w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p l e , a p a y m e n t o f Z p e r c e n t
o f annual e a r n i n g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as the e q u i v a l e n t o f 1 w e e k ' s p a y .
D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l h e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s ( t a b l e s B - 6 and B - 7 ) f o r w h i c h at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is
b o r n e b y the e m p l o y e r , e x c e p t i n g o n l y l e g a l r e q u i r e m e n t s s u c h as

* An e sta b lish m e n t was considered as having
conditions: (1) O p erated la te shifts a t the tim e of the
la te shifts. An e sta b lish m e n t was considered as having
shifts during the 12 m onths prior to the survey, or (2)
la te shifts.




a p o licy if it m e t e ith e r of the fo llow ing
survey, or (2) h ad fo rm al provisions cov erin g
form al provisions if it (1) h a d o p erated la te
h ad provisions in w ritten form for o p eratin g

w o r k m e n ' s c o m p e n s a t i o n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
Such plan s in clu d e th o se u n d e r w r itte n by a c o m m e r c i a l in su ra n c e
c o m p a n y and t h o s e p r o v i d e d t h r o u g h a u n io n fund o r p a i d d i r e c t l y b y
the e m p l o y e r out o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t i n g f u n d s o r f r o m a fun d s e t a s i d e
f o r th is p u r p o s e .
D e a t h b e n e f i t s a r e i n c l u d e d as a f o r m o f l i f e i n ­
surance.
S e l e c t e d h e a lt h i n s u r a n c e b e n e f i t s p r o v i d e d e m p l o y e e s and
dependents are a lso presen ted .
S i c k n e s s and a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e is l i m i t e d to that ty p e o f
in su ra n ce under w hich p re d e te r m in e d ca s h paym ents a re m ade d ir e c tly
to the i n s u r e d o n a w e e k l y o r m o n t h l y b a s i s d u r i n g i l l n e s s o r a c c i d e n t
disa b ility.
I n f o r m a t i o n i s p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s u c h p l a n s to w h i c h the
e m p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t e s . H o w e v e r , in N e w Y o r k and N e w J e r s e y , w h i c h
have en acted te m p o r a r y d isa b ility in su ra n c e law s w hich r e q u ir e e m ­
p l o y e r c o n t r i b u t i o n s , 2 p la n s a r e i n c l u d e d o n l y if the e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n ­
t r i b u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d , o r (Z) p r o v i d e s the e m p l o y e e
w ith b e n e f i t s w h i c h e x c e e d the r e q u i r e m e n t s o f the l a w .
Tabu lation s
o f p a i d s i c k l e a v e p la n s a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p l a n s 3 w h i c h p r o v i d e
f u l l p a y o r a p r o p o r t i o n o f the w o r k e r ' s p a y d u r i n g a b s e n c e f r o m w o r k
b ecau se of illn ess.
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r e s e n t e d a c c o r d i n g to
(1) p l a n s w h i c h p r o v i d e f u l l p a y and no w a it in g p e r i o d , and (Z) p la n s
w h ich p r o v id e eith e r p a r t ia l pay o r a w aiting p e r io d .
In a d d i t i o n
to the p r e s e n t a t i o n o f the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s w h o a r e p r o v i d e d
s i c k n e s s a nd a c c i d e n t i n s u r a n c e o r p a i d s i c k l e a v e , an u n d u p l i c a t e d
to t a l is s h o w n o f w o r k e r s w h o r e c e i v e e i t h e r o r b o t h t y p e s o f b e n e f i t s .
C a t a s t r o p h e i n s u r a n c e , s o m e t i m e s r e f e r r e d to as e x t e n d e d
m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e , i n c l u d e s t h o s e p la n s w h i c h a r e d e s i g n e d to p r o t e c t
e m p l o y e e s in c a s e o f s i c k n e s s and i n j u r y i n v o l v i n g e x p e n s e s b e y o n d
the n o r m a l c o v e r a g e o f h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , m e d i c a l , and s u r g i c a l p l a n s .
M e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e r e f e r s to p la n s p r o v i d i n g f o r c o m p l e t e o r p a r t i a l
paym ent of d o c to rs ' fe e s.
S u c h p la n s m a y b e u n d e r w r i t t e n b y c o m ­
m e r c i a l i n s u r a n c e c o m p a n i e s o r n o n p r o f i t o r g a n i z a t i o n s o r th ey m a y
be s e lf -in s u r e d .
T ab u la tion s o f r e t ir e m e n t p e n s io n plan s a re lim ite d
to t h o s e p l a n s th at p r o v i d e m o n t h l y p a y m e n t s f o r the r e m a i n d e r o f
the w o r k e r ' s l i f e .
P r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s ( t a b l e B - 8 ) a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l p la n s
w ith d e f i n i t e f o r m u l a s f o r c o m p u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to b e d i s t r i b u t e d
a m o n g e m p l o y e e s and w h o s e f o r m u l a s w e r e c o m m u n i c a t e d to e m ­
p l o y e e s in a d v a n c e o f the d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s . D a t a a r e p r e s e n t e d
a c c o r d i n g to p r o v i s i o n s f o r d i s t r i b u t i n g p r o f i t s h a r e s to e m p l o y e e s :
( l ) C u r r e n t o r c a s h d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s w it h in a s h o r t p e r i o d
a f t e r d e t e r m i n a t i o n o f p r o f i t s ; (Z) d e f e r r e d d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p r o f i t s h a r e s
a f t e r a s p e c i f i e d n u m b e r o f y e a r s o r at r e t i r e m e n t ; (3) c o m b i n a t i o n
c u r r e n t and d e f e r r e d p l a n s ; and (4) e l e c t i v e d i s t r i b u t i o n p l a n s , u n d e r
w h i c h e a c h p a r t i c i p a n t is r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t w h e t h e r to ta ke his s h a r e
o f the c u r r e n t y e a r ' s p r o f i t in c a s h , h a v e it d e f e r r e d , o r p a r t in c a s h
and p a r t d e f e r r e d .

2
T he te m p o rary d isab ility law s in C alifo rn ia and Rhode Islan d do n o t require em p lo y er
con trib u tio n s.
2 A n esta b lish m e n t was co n sid ered as h av in g a fo rm a l p la n if it esta b lish ed at le a s t (he
m in im u m n u m b er of days of sick le a v e a v a ila b le to each e m p lo y e e .
Such a p la n n eed n o t be
w ritte n , b u t in fo rm al sick le av e allo w an ces, d eterm in ed on an in d iv id u al basis, w ere ex clu d ed .

3

T a ble 1.

E sta b lish m e n ts and w o r k e r s w ithin s co p e o f s u rv e y and nu m ber studied in A k ro n , O hio,

b y m a jo r in d u stry d iv is io n , 2 June 1966

N um ber o f esta b lish m en ts
M in im um
e m p loym en t
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in s c o p e
o f study

Industry d iv isio n

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts
W ithin s c o p e o f study

W ithin s c o p e
o f s tu d y J

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied

Plant
N um ber

O ffic e

P ercen t

T o t a l4

A ll d iv is io n s _______________________________________

.

342

114

120,000

100

74, 000

19,800

90, 270

M anufacturin g — ________
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g _____ _
__ _
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c om m u n ica tio n , and
oth er p u b lic u tilitie s 5 ___ __
W h olesa le trad e ______
_ __
__ __ __
R eta il tra d e _____________ __ _____ — ______ _
F in a n ce , in s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ______
S e r v ic e s 8 __
_
__ _____

50
-

169
173

52
62

88, 200
3 1 ,8 0 0

73
27

5 6 ,4 0 0
17, 600

13, 800
6, 000

70, 720
19,550

50
50
50
50
50

38
30
61
16
28

20

10, 200

7

2 ,4 0 0
1 3 ,700
2 ,6 0 0
2 ,9 0 0

20
6
9

9

2
12
2
2

4, 200
( !)
( !)
( !)
(6)

1, 800
( !)
( !)
( !)
(6)

8, 330
660
7 ,9 1 0
1, 530
1, 120

1 The A k ro n Standard M etro p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a , as d efin ed b y the B ureau o f the B udget through M a rch 1965, c o n s is t s of P o r ta g e and Sum m it C ou n ties. The " w o r k e r s within s c o p e of
study" e s tim a te s show n in this table p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a te d e s c r ip tio n o f the s iz e and co m p o s itio n o f the la b o r f o r c e in clu d ed in the su rv e y .
The estim a te s a re not intended, h ow ev er,
to s e r v e as a b a s is of c o m p a r is o n w ith oth er em p lo ym e n t in d exe s fo r the a r e a to m e a s u r e em p lo ym e n t tren d s o r le v e ls sin c e (1) planning of w age su r v e y s re q u ir e s the use of esta b lish m en t data
c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in advance o f the p a y r o ll p e r io d stu died, and (2) sm a ll e sta b lish m e n ts a r e e x clu d e d fr o m the s c o p e o f the su rve y.
2 The 1957 r e v is e d e d itio n o f the Standard In du strial C la s s ific a tio n M anual and the 1963 Supplem ent w e re u s e d in c la s s ify in g e sta b lish m en ts b y in d u stry d iv ision .
3 In clu d es a ll es ta b lis h m e n ts w ith to ta l e m p lo y m e n t at o r above the m in im u m lim ita tio n . A ll outlets (w ithin the a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in such in d u stries as tr a d e , fin a n ce, auto r e p a ir s e r v ic e ,
and m otion p ic tu re th ea tre s a re c o n s id e r e d as 1 e sta b lish m e n t.
4 Inclu des e x e c u tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and o th er w o r k e r s e x clu d e d fr o m the se p a ra te plant and o ffic e c a t e g o r ie s .
5 T a x ic a b s and s e r v ic e s in cid e n ta l to w ater tra n s p o rta tio n w e r e exclu d ed .
6 T h is in d u stry d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n te d in e s tim a te s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , and fo r " a l l in d u s tr ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b les . S eparate presen ta tion
of data f o r this d iv is io n is not m ade f o r one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : (1) E m ploym en t in the d iv is io n is to o sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it sep a ra te study, (2) the sam ple w as not
d esig n ed in itia lly to p e r m it se p a ra te p r e s e n ta tio n , (3) r e s p o n s e w as in s u ffic ie n t o r inadequate to p e r m it se p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n , and (4) th e re is p o s s ib ilit y of d is c lo s u r e of individual esta b lish m en t data.
7 W o r k e r s fr o m this e n tire in d u stry d iv is io n a re r e p r e s e n t e d in e stim a te s fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and "n on m a n u fa ctu rin g" in the S e r ie s A ta b le s , but fr o m the r e a l estate p o r tio n only in e stim a tes
fo r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the S e r ie s B ta b le s .
Separate p re s e n ta tio n o f data fo r this d iv isio n is not m ade fo r one o r m o r e of the r e a s o n s given in footn ote 6 above.

8 H o t e l s ; p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r s h o p s ; m o t io n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g
and a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .




1965,

Th e A k ron Standard M e tro p o lita n S ta tistica l A r e a w as de fin e d in 1961 as Sum m it County. Th e a r e a , as d efin ed through M a rch
in clu d e s the add ition o f P o r t a g e County. T h is s u r v e y , c o n d u cte d in June 1966, is the f ir s t to in clu d e the added county.

P o r t a g e County p ro v id e d about 6 p e r c e n t o f the total nu m ber o f w o r k e r s in s c o p e o f this su rv e y . A bout n in e-ten th s o f the added
w o r k e r s w e r e em p lo y e d in m anufacturin g e sta b lish m e n ts. A lthough the ru bber and m is c e lla n e o u s p la s t ic s p ro d u cts in d u stries e m p loy ed a
la r g e p r o p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r s in P o r ta g e County, m anufacturin g e m p loym en t w as m o r e w id e ly d iv e r s ifie d than fo r Sum m it County.
B e ca u se o f the sligh t e ffe c t o f the change in s c o p e , this bu lletin is lim ite d to data fo r the co m b in e d co u n tie s and no attem pt w as m ade
to ad ju st w age tre n d s fo r th is f a c to r .
fir m s .

A bout t h r e e -fo u r t h s o f the w o r k e r s w ithin s c o p e o f the su r v e y in P o r t a g e and Sum m it C ou n ties w e r e em p loy ed in m anufacturin g
Th e fo llo w in g table p r e s e n ts the m a jo r industry g ro u p s and s p e c ific in d u strie s as a p e r c e n t o f a ll m anufacturin g:
In d u s try g ro u p

S p e c ific in d u strie s

R u bber and m is c e lla n e o u s p la s tic s
p r o d u c t s ______________________________ ,________ 51
F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c t s _____________________ 16
M a ch in e ry (e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ) _________________ 9
O rd n an ce and a c c e s s o r i e s _____________________ 7

T i r e s and inner tu b e s__________________________ 45
F a b r ic a te d str u c tu ra l m e ta l p r o d u c t s _______ 8
A m m u n ition __________________________________ — 7
M etal sta m p in g s_______________________________ 6

T h is in fo rm a tio n is b a se d on e stim a te s o f total e m p loym en t d e r iv e d fr o m u n iv e r s e m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d p r io r to a ctu a l su rv e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in du stry d iv is io n s m ay d iffe r fr o m p r o p o r tio n s b a se d on the r e s u lts o f the su r v e y as show n in table 1 a bove.

4
Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e in
a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , and
in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , the p e r ­
ce n ta g e s of ch ange re la t e to a v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s f o r n o r m a l h o u rs
o f w o r k , that i s , the s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e f o r w h i c h s t r a i g h t - t i m e
s a l a r i e s a r e p a id .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y m e a s u r e c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s , e x c l u d i n g p r e m i u m p a y f o r
o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and la te s h i f t s .
The
p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s and i n ­
c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r i c a l l y i m p o r t a n t j o b s w ith in e a c h g r o u p .
Industrial nurses (m e n and w om en):
N urses, in d u strial (reg istered )

O ffice c le ric a l (m e n and w om en):
B oo k k ee p in g -m ac h in e o p erato rs, class B
C lerks, ac co u n tin g , classes A and B
C lerks, file , classes A , B, and C
C lerks, order
C lerks, payroll
C o m p to m eter operators
K eypunch o p erato rs, classes A and B
O ffice boys and girls
S tenographers, g en e ra l
S tenographers, senior
Sw itchboard operators, classes A and B
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e o perators, class B
T ypists, classes A and B

S k illed m a in te n a n c e (m en):
C arpenters
E lectricia n s
M achinists
M echanics
M echanics (au to m o tiv e)
P ainters
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m akers
U n sk illed p la n t (m en):
Janitors, porters, and clean ers
Laborers, m a te ria l han d lin g

NOTE: S e c re ta rie s, in c lu d ed in th e lis t of jobs in a ll previous y ea rs, are
e x c lu d ed because of a change in the d escrip tio n this y ea r.

A v e r a g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s o r a v e ra g e h o u rly earn ings w e r e
c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o f the s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s .
The a v e r a g e s a la r ie s
o r h o u r l y e a r n i n g s w e r e th en m u l t i p l i e d b y e m p l o y m e n t in e a c h o f

T ab le 2.

the j o b s d u r i n g the p e r i o d s u r v e y e d in 1961. T h e s e w e i g h t e d e a r n i n g s
f o r i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e th e n t o t a l e d to o b t a i n an a g g r e g a t e f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p . F i n a l l y , the r a t i o ( e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t a g e )
o f the g r o u p a g g r e g a t e f o r th e o n e y e a r to the a g g r e g a t e f o r the o t h e r
y e a r w a s c o m p e t e d and the d i f f e r e n c e b e t w e e n ;he r e s u l t and 100 is
the p e r c e n t a g e o f c h a n g e f r o m the o n e p e r i o d t o the o t h e r .
The
i n d e x e s w e r e c o m p u t e d b y m u l t i p l y i n g the r a t i o s f o r e a c h g r o u p
a g g r e g a t e f o r e a c h p e r i o d a f t e r the b a s e y e a r ( 1 9 6 1 ) .
T h e i n d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e m e a s u r e , p r i n c i p a l l y ,
the e f f e c t s o f (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and w a g e c h a n g e s ; (2 ) m e r i t o r o t h e r
i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e in th e s a m e j o b ;
and (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in th e l a b o r f o r c e r e ­
s u lt in g f r o m l a b o r t u r n o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s i o n s , f o r c e r e d u c t i o n s , and
c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith
diffe re n t pay le v e ls .
C h a n g e s in the l a b o r f o r c e : c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s
o r d e c r e a s e s in th e o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e s w it h o u t a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a f o r c e e x p a n s i o n m i g h t i n c r e a s e the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r
p a id w o r k e r s in a s p e c i f i c o c c u p a t i o n and l o w e r the a v e r a g e , w h e r e a s
a r e d u c t i o n in the p r o p o r t i o n o f l o w e r p a i d w o r k e r s w o u l d h a v e the
o p p o s i t e e f f e c t . S i m i l a r l y , the m o v e m e n t o f a h i g h - p a y i n g e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t out o f an a r e a c o u l d c a u s e th e a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s to d r o p , e v e n
th o u gh no c h a n g e in r a t e s o c c u r r e d in o t h e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the a r e a .
D ata a r e a d j u s t e d w h e r e n e c e s s a r y t o r e m o v e f r o m the i n d e x e s and
p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d b y c h a n g e s in
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .
T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s the e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h j o b i n ­
c l u d e d in the da ta.
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e r e f l e c t o n l y c h a n g e s in
average pay fo r stra ig h t-tim e hours.
T h e y a r e not in flu e n ce d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , as s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m p a y
for overtim e.

Indexes o f stan d ard w eek ly salaries and stra ig h t-tim e h ourly earnings for s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l groups in A kron, O hio,
June 1966 and June 1965, and p ercen ts o f in c rease for s e le c te d periods
Indexes
(June 1961 = 100)

P ercen ts of incre ase

Industry and o c c u p a tio n a l group
June 1966

June 1965

June 1965
to
June 1966

June 1964
to
June 1965

June 1963
to
June 1964

June 1962
to
June 1963

June 1961
to
June 1962

June 1960
to
June 1961

A ll industries:
O ffice c le ric a l (m e n and w o m e n ) -------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) -----S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m e n )------------------U nskilled p la n t ( m e n ) --------------------------

1 1 5 .6
115. 8
114. 1
1 1 4 .6

112. 7
112 2
1 1 1 .0
113. 8

2 .6
3. 2
2 .8
.7

3. 0
2. 8
3 .0
2. 6

2. 8
2 .9
3. 1
4 .9

3. 1
3 .0
2. 8
3 .0

3. 2
3. 1
1 .7
2 .7

5. 2
7. 1
5 .9
5. 4

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le ric a l ( m en and w o m e n ) -------Industrial nurses (m e n and w o m e n ) -----S k illed m a in te n a n c e (m e n )------------------U nskilled p la n t ( m e n ) --------------------------

116.
115.
113.
111.

114.
111.
110.
110.

2. 1
3 .6
2. 8
1. 1

3.
2.
2.
2.

2. 3
2 .9
3 .0
4 .0

3. 2
3 .0
2. 7
2. 4

4 .9
3 .0
1 .7
1. 5

4. 4
7. 1
6 .0
5 .8




5
8
8
8

1
7
7
6

1
3
9
3

5
A. Occupational Earnings
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h ou rs and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O hio, June 1966)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, o cc u p a tio n , and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly ea rn in g s o f—
$

Average
weekly
( standard)

45
M ean3

Median 2

Middle range 2

$

t

$

$

S

$

$

S

%

*

%

S

$

$

t

*

S

$

150

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

S

50

55

60

65

9 1 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

-

“

-

-

_

_
-

2
1

2

70

75

80

85

90

1

5

2

3

l

5

2

3

2

105

110

115

120

130

3

3

4

1
2

6

1

5
3
2

6

i
2
1

2
2

4

i

1C
10

5
5

19
19

95

100

140

150

24

17

19
5

17

22
12

~

160

170
and

170

over

9
9

and
under

160
“

50

7
7

10

SEN
4 0 .0

82
39

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
130.50
137.50
114.00

$
13 2.50
13 6.50
11 4.00

C L E R K S , ACCO UN TIN G, C L A S S 8
MANUFACTURING ---------------------

67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 3.00
103.00

10 1.00
10 1.50

9 1 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

_

5b

9 3 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

-

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------------------------

88

4 0 .0

12 9.00

138.00

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 1 .0 0

-

2

-

2

2

i

-

-

-

8

i

2

C L E R K S , P A Y R O LL ------------------------

25

40. 3

10 7 .5 0

10 7.50

9 2 . 5 0 - 1 2 2 . CO

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

2

i

3

2

O F F IC E BOYS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------

100
64

3 9 .5
40 .0

6 7 . 0C
6 7 .5 0

6 7 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

6 3 .0 0 6 3 .5 0 -

_

_

15
10

43
36

15
13

4

17

2
2

2
2

i
i

T A B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C LA S S A ------------------------------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------------------------

65
47

4 0 .0
40 .0

121.00
12 3.00

1 1 8.50
1 2 5 . 0C

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

3
3

T A B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------

109

10 9.00

106.50

8 9 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

7 9 .0 0
7 8 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 7 5 .5 0 -

9 1 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

-

O

116

o

C L E R K S , A CCO UNTING, C L A S S A
MANUFACTURING --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------

$
$
1 1 7 .5 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

7 0 .0 0
7 0 .5 0

~

18

3

2

3

i

-

-

-

-

l

-

14

15

6

24
22
2

2
1

11
8
3

5
2

6
6

3
3

3

3

1

8

16

14

2

3

-

6

-

l

4

8

5

17

10

2

8

2

7

10

11
9

5
5

7

11

3

8

10

6

25

3

-

~

i
i

_

_

-

1

3

-

1
1

3
3

WOMEN
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M ACHINE) ----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NQNMANUFACTURING -------------------------------B O O KKEEPIN G -M A CH IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------BO O KKEEPIN G -M A CH IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

70
42

40 .0
4 0 .0

8 2 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

28

4 0 .0

8 6 .5 0

76
40
36

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5

9 2 .0 0

8 9 .0 0
8 8 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

8 5 .0 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 3 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0
8 6 .0 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

_

_

_

9 0 .0 0
9 3 .5 0

-

-

-

105

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
39 .5

7 6 . 0C
78 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

7 4 .5 0
7 6 .5 0
7 3 .0 0

7 0 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 6 9 .5 9 -

_

_

-

-

1 0 7 . CO
114.00
9 4 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

1 0 8.00
11 7.50
9 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

.0
.0
.0
.0

8 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0
7 1 .5 0
8 3 .0 0

8 5 .5 0
9 4 .0 0
7 0 .0 0

4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0

1 0 4.00

40
40
40
40

6 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

6 1 .0 0

62
43

C L E R K S , ACCO UN TIN G, C L A S S A -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

337
2 18
119
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0

C L E R K S , A CCO UNTING, C L A S S B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

484

4
4
4
4

342
142
65

0
0
0
0

7 6 .0 0

8 0 .0 0
8 2 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

3

2

3

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

5
i
4

.5
.0
.5
.5

0
0
3
0

-1
-1
-

0 2 .0 0
0 6.50
8 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

i

_

-

2
2

6
-

18

-

6

17

1

4
3

i

6

_

1

_

i

-

1

-

_

i
i

_

72
71

16
16
-

1

43
37
6
6

50
50
-

i
1
-

9
7

3
3

~

13
10
3

25

-

~

-

12
13

i
i
"

6
5
1

18
7
11

3
3

4
4

1
1

26
14
12
7

34

14
7
7

30
13
17

24
18
6

12
8
4

4
-

-

_

_

-

-

-

9
-

28
8

23
8

9

20
4

15
7

27
9
18
14

32
15
17
9

47

29
24

41
36

5

5
5

42
35
7

-

-

-

_

12
12

i

6
5

“

1
9
1
7

7
6

1

3

9 4 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0
8 5 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

7
7
6
6

4
3

2
~

61
23

22
12

38
14

10
5

55
32
23
13

30
22
8
5

30
17
8

5

_

1

i

_
-

4

2

36

36

32
4
4

36

21
15
6

1
1

3
3

“
1

-

1

2
2

C L A S S A ---------------------------

30

C L E R K S . F I L E , C L A S S 8 --------------------------MANUFACTUR I N G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------P U B L IC U T IL I T I E S 3---------------------------

212
54
158
46

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le.




.0
.0
.0
.0

6 1 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

76 .5 0
5 4 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

-

-

2

1

2

-

-

2

5

i

2

4

8

2

-

-

-

5 3 .0 3 7 1 .0 0 -

7 7 .5 0
8 6 .0 0

12
-

75

15
-

24

7

18

17

15

5

14

4

-

-

6 8 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

12

75

15

15

13
4

5
10

1
4

2
12

4

5 2 .0 0 7 1 .0 0 -

11
7

1
1

-

3
4

i
i

_

9

4
4

7

4

5

4

10

4

12

"

CLERK S, F IL E ,

'

"

8 6 .0 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

1

7

22
12
3

22

2

1

1

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women----Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and ea rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a re a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1966)

Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -t im e
$

Average
weekly

$

s

$

s

s

$

$

*

s

*

$

WOMEN -

(standard)

Median 2

CONTINUED

Middle range 2

$

S

$

$

$

S

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

95

100

105

110

115

120

1 10

140

150

160

170

over

13
5
8

-

4
4

-

2
2

1
1

_
-

1
1

3
3

3
3

_
-

_
-

7
4

13
12
1

16
11
5

14
12
2

22
14
8

23
23

7
6
i

3
3
-

_
-

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

95

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

55

60

65

70

75

80

85

90

9
7
2

13
7
6

and
under

$

105

55

55
Mean2

$

100

50

50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

d y e a r n in g s of—
S

170

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S C -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

36
28

5 0 .0
5 0 .0

$
6 1 .5 0
6 2 .5 0

$
6 2 .5 0
6 3 .5 0

$
$
5 8 . 5 0 - 6 6 .0 0
5 9 .5 0 - 6 7 .0 0

-

4
2

8
6

13
9

11
11

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

76
44
32

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
3 9 .5

8 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
6 9 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 0 . 5 0 - 8 8 .5 0
7 5 . 0 0 - 9 9 .5 0
5 5 . 5 0 - 8 5 .5 0

_
—
-

9
9

5
5

3
2
i

1
1

9
9

C L E R K S , P A YR O LL ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

202
136
66

5 0 . C 9 8 . 5C 9 9 .0 0
5 0 .0 1 C 5 .0 0 1 0 5 .5 0
5 0 .0
8 7 .5 0
8 8 .5 0

8 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
8 8 . 5 0 - 1 1 9 .5 0
7 5 . 0 0 - 1 0 5 .0 0

_
-

4
4

i
i

10
7 .
3

3
2
1

14
4
10

u
7
4

8
5
3

24
13
11

18
10
8

COMPTOMETER OPERATO RS -----------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

128
74
59

4 0 .0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0

8 5 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

8 2 .0 0
9 6 .0 0
7 2 .5 0

7 1 .5 0 - 1 0 1 .0 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 1 0 .5 0
5 9 . 0 0 - 8 0 .5 0

_
-

10
10

7
2
5

11
4
7

-

16
5

16
8
8

10
8
2

10
7
3

4
2
2

10
7
3

11
8
3

4
4

13
13

4
4

1
1

i
i

_
-

_
-

KEYPUNCH O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S A ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B L IC U T IL I T I E S 3------------------------

218
144
75
60

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .5 0
9 1 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0
9 6 .0 0

8 5 . 5 0 - 1 0 5 .5 0
8 5 .0 0 - 1 C 9 .C 0
8 6 . 0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
8 9 . 5 0 - 9 9 .5 0

-

_
“

-

2
2

2
2
-

8
4
4

18
12
6

17
8
9
9

31
16
15
11

40
20
20
20

20
10
10
10

26
23
3
3

8
8
-

5
5
-

13
13
*

-

5
5

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

“

23
16
7
7

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S B ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------

162
105
57
27

50. 0
4 0 .0
5 0 .0
5 0 .0

8 0 .0 0
8 3 .5 0
7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

7 7 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
7 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

6 8 .5 0 7 0 .5 0 6 5 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 -

5
2
3

22
11
11

18
12
6
3

20
9
11
7

38
23
15
6

14
7
7
7

9
8
i
i

10
7
3
3

2
2

7
7

2
2

8
8

4
4

2
2

_

_

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

8 7 .5 0
9 5 .5 0
7 9 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

-

-

-

_
~

1
1
-

~

n

6

3

6

1

1

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

25
13
12

26
12
14
1

73
58
15
3

91
60
31
1

104
93
11
1

117
87
30
7

90
71
19
3

134
77
57
10

113
86
27
14

97
77
20
11

118
95
23
22

I7*f
155
19
1'

148
133
15
12

45
43
2
2

11
10
1
1

12
12

-

-

-

-

-

~

3
2

_

“

3
1

-

~

2
~

~

~

ll
5

14
6

4
4

«i
3

34
33

21
21

4
3

17
6

16
13

23
17
6

14
2
12

11
4
7

32
21
11

14
10
4

22
21

10(1

3

lot

2

84
81
3

15
13
2

3
3
-

i
i
-

1
1

_
-

_

5 4 . 0 0 - 7 1 .0 0

-

9 0 .5 0 - 1 2 2 .5 0
9 2 .0 0 - 1 2 5 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 2 6 .0 0

_
~
-

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S A5--------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

in
8*

4 0 .0
4 C .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 7 .5 0

1 1 3 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .5 0
1 3 0 .5 0 - 1 5 5 .5 0

_

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S 8 5--------------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

365
30C
65

5 0 .0 1 1 7 .0 0 1 2 2 .5 0
5 0 .0 1 2 1 .0 0 1 2 5 .0 0
9 9 .0 0
3 9 .0 1 0 0 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .0 0
1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 3 1 .5 0
9 9 . 0 0 - 1 0 8 .5 0

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S C 5--------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------

454
358
106
36

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
3 9 .5
5 0 .0

1 0 5 .0 0 1 0 3 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0 1 0 5 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0
9 5 .5 0
1 1 6 .0 0 1 2 5 .5 0

9 2 . 0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 5 .0 0 - 1 1 6 .0 0
9 5 . 0 0 - 1 2 0 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S D5--------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------

515
305
110

3 9 .5
5 0 .0
3 8 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 5 .0 0

9 1 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0

i

3

STEN O G R A P H ERS, GENERAL -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------

573
576
97
55

5 0 .0
5 0 .0
39. 5
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0
8 3 . OC
9 0 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0
8 5 .5 0
9 1 .5 0

STEN O G R A P H ERS, S E N IO R ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 -----------------------

682
602
80
58

5 0 .0 1 0 0 .5 0 1 0 1 .0 0
5 0 .0 1 0 1 .0 0 1 0 1 .5 0
3 9 . 5 9 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0
9 9 .5 0
5 0 .0 1 0 1 .5 0




-

10
3
7
“

6 1 .0 0
1 0 6 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

See fo o t n o t e s at end o f ta b le .

_

5

6 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0
9 9 . 00
1 1 3 .5 0

9 1 . 0 0 - 1 1 1 . CO
9 2 .0 0 - 1 1 1 .5 0
8 8 . 0 0 - 1 0 7 .0 0
9 5 .5 0 - 1 0 9 .0 0

_
-

3
2
i

3 9 .5
5 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 8 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
9 6 .5 0

_
-

i

35
1, 395
1 ,0 9 C
304
105

7 6 .5 0 7 6 .5 0 7 3 .0 0 8 5 .5 0 -

-

_
-

12

O F F IC E G I R L S ------------------------------------------S E C R E T A R IE S 4 5 ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3------------------------

7 9 .5 0 - 1 0 3 .0 0
7 9 . 5 0 - 9 9 .5 0
7 6 . 0 0 - 1 0 7 .5 0

n

“

_
“
-

1
-

-

_

2

n

4
4
i

14
4
10
2

28
15
13
“

44
37
7
l

53
34
19
1

38
33
5
“

61
49
12
5

40
36
4
2

44
39
5
1

56
55
1
-

42
27
15
15

26
15
11
8

-

22
10
12

17
10
7

57
54
3

43
38
5

44
43

38
36
2

62
24
38

29
23

18
15

28
7
21

4

1

38
34
4

25
20
5

44
32
12
5

1 70
162
8

79
68
11
7

95
85
10
10

58
36
22
14

27
13
14
14

19
17
2
2

21
21

4
3

_
-

-

_
_
-

-

-

25
12
13

19
19

33
33

71
59
12

59
50

106
88
18
15

101
97

90
80
10

77
75

13
13

4

74
62
12

4

8

8

3

3

“

2
1

2
1
1

7
5
2

21
12
9
i

_
-

-

10
3
7

*

_
-

"

3
3

7
7

i

~

~

-

3
2
1

-

_
_

-

~
'

"

2

-

'

5

9

6

6

-

3
l

1

l

2

2

4

~
1
1

_
-

2
2

-

-

-

-

9
9

1
i

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_
-

_
_
-

_
_
_
_

_
_
_
-

-

-

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

“

“

~

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—Men and Women— Continued
(Average straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, June 1966)1
5
4
*
2
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
[standard)

Number of w orkers receiving straight-tim e weekly earnings of —
$

t

45
M ean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

50

*

55

t

%

60

65

70

75

t
80

t

85

90

95

%

100

t

$

105

no

115

$
120

$

$
130

140

$

150

s

160

and
under
50

WOMEN -

t

170
and

55

60

65

70

80

85

1
1

2
1

-

4

5

10

2

26
11

4
2

11
10
1

1

3
2

3
3

-

6
2

5
5

1

~

75

90

95

100

105

110

7

9
5

10
8

i

1
1

6
6

4
4

2
2

n
*
9
9

115

120

3

9

i

7

2
2

“

1
1

2
2

~

130

140

150

160

170

over

CONTINUEO

SW ITCHBOARD O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S A5 ---------M A N U FA C T U R IN G ------------------------------------------------

47
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

SW ITCHBOARD O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S B 5 ----------

82

4 0 .5
4 1 .0

$
$
9 8 .5 0 1 0 0 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 1 0 3 .0 0

$
$
9 3 .5 0 - 1 1 0 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 - 1 1 2 .0 0
6 0 . 5 0 - 8 1 .0 0

7 0 .5 0

6 5 .5 0

O O . 3U

8 1 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

-

3
-

i
i

-

-

22

8

8

_

G 3.U U

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0
7 8 .5 0

*

18
ro

_

-

_

~

-

4
2

-

-

-

~

125
69

39. 5
4 0 .0

TA B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C LA S S B --------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

31
26

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
GENERAL ---------------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

93
56

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

8 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

6 0 . 0 0 - 9 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A -----------------------------------------------M A N U FA C TU R IN G -----------------------------------------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

228
120
108

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39. 5

8 4 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

8 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0
7 3 .5 0

7 2 . 0 0 - 9 4 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 1 0 3 .5 0
6 7 . 5 0 - 8 1 .0 0

_

_

4

~

~

-

T Y P I S T S , C LA S S B ----------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

457
295
162

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
6 3 .0 0
7 6 .5 0

7 4 .0 0
7 9 .0 0
6 2 .0 0
7 4 .0 0

6 4 .0 0 7 2 .5 0 5 4 .0 0 7 0 .5 0 -

-

' ' * JyJ

1 0 9 .0 0 1 0 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 1 1 2 .5 0

C

9 6 .5 0 - 1 2 9 .0 0
9 9 .5 0 - 1 3 0 .0 0

8 3 .0 0
8 8 .5 0
7 1 .0 0
8 7 .5 0

-

3

-

24
16
8

23
8

7

-

~

~

10
9

-

51
51

5
4

6

8
6

8
5

7

11
9

4

3

18
5
13

21
1
20

34
9
25

31
15
16

27
11
16

20
14
6

18
14
4

10
9
i

19
19

4

12

26
7
19

49
17
32

37
23
14

81
50

65
62

53
48

24
23

22

13
9

22
22

12

-

“

i

13
8

-

1

-

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------

29

7 1 . 0 0 - 9 3 .0 0
7 0 . 0 0 - 9 7 .0 0

1

1

2

2

7

20

3

_

-

ii

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

6
6

“

2
2

4
3

-

~

11
8
3

1
1

3
3

5
5

-

-

-

*

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

“
_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

_

~

-

12

1 Standard hours re fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is com puted fo r each jo b by totaling the earnings o f all w ork ers and dividing by the number of w ork ers.
The median designates position— half of the em ployees surveyed receive m ore
than the rate shown; half re ce ive le ss than the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by 2 rates o f pay; a fourth o f the w ork ers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than
the higher rate.
T Transportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
4 May include w ork ers other than those presented separately.
5 D escription fo r this occupation has been re vise d since the last survey in this area.
See appendix A.




8
Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—Men and Women
(A verage straight-tim e weekly hours and earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, June 1966)1
3
2

1 Standard hours r e fle ct the workweek fo r which em ployees re ce ive their regular straight-tim e salaries and the earnings corresp on d to these weekly hours.
2 F or definition of term s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
3 D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




9
Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly h o u r s and e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a t io n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u s tr y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1966)
Average

Occupation and industry division

Number
of

Average

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard' (standard)

O F F IC E O CCU PATIO N S
B I L L E R S , MACHINE ( B I L L I N G
M ACHINE) -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2------BO O K KEEPIN G -M A CH IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S A --------------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------

O F F IC E O CC U PA TIO N S
77
42
35
26

40. 0
40. 0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

42

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

41

4 0 .0

83

105
62
43

$
8 4 .0
7 9 .5
8 9 .5
9 7 .5

0
0
0
0

9 2 .5 0
9 1 .0 0
9 5 . 00

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

7 3 .0 0

453

4 0 .0

300

40. 0
4 0 .0

11 3.00
120.50
9 8 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 0 1.00

C L E R K S , A CCO U N TIN G , C L A S S B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

551
398

4 0 .0

153
76

4 0 .0
40. 0

88
94
73
80

9 5 .5 0

C LA SS A

30

2

PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------------

C LE R K S , F IL E , C LA SS C
MANUFACTURING ---------

212

4 0 .0

o

C LERKS, F IL E ,

C L E R K S . F I L E , C L A S S B --------------------------M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

54

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0
7 9 .0 0

158
46

4 0 .0
4C .0

6 1 .5 0
7 9 .5 0

36

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

6 1 . 5C
6 2 .5 0

114

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

10 7.00
11 9.00

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

KEYPUNCH O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S A -------------M A N U FA C T U R IN G -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

$
28
218
144

39 .5

8 0 .5 0

4 0 .0

9 6 .0 0
9 8 .5 0

74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

60

4 0 .0

KEYPUNCH O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S B -------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

162
105
57

O F F IC E BOYS AND G IR L S
M ANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
S E C R E T A R IE S 3 4 -----------------M ANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2 1

O ccupation and industry division

9 1 .5 0

8 0 .0 0
8 3 .5 0

27

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

7 2 .5 0
7 8 .0 0

135
99

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

6 6 .0 0
6 7 .0 0

-

CO NTINUED

SW ITCHBOARD O P E R A T O R S, C L A S S A4 -----M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------SW ITCHBO ARD O P ER A TO R S, C L A S S B4 -------M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NO N M A N U FACTU RIN G-------------------------------SW ITCH BO ARD O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T S M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

164

50

3 9 .5

C L E R K S , P A YR O LL ---------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------

227
144

4 0 .0

45

4 0 .0

COMPTOMETER OPERATO RS
M ANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

128
74

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

54

4 0 .0

32
85
26
59

40. 0
4 0 .0

1 0 0.00
1 0 4.00

4 0 .5
4 0 .0

7 1 .0 0
8 0 .5 0

4 1 .0

6 6 .5 0

39. 5
4 0 .0

8 2 .0 0
8 5 .0 0

56

3 9 .0

7 8 .5 0

T A B U LA T IN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

67
48

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

12 0.50

140

4 0 .0

10 9.00

93
54

3 9 .5
39 .5

8 0 .5 0
9 2 .0 0

C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

229

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B -------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2 ---------------------------

458
296
162
29

40. 0
4 0 .0
39 .5
4 0 .0

7 5 .0 0
8 1 .0 0
6 3 . CO
7 6 . 50

D RAFTSM EN , C L A S S A 4---------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

328
320

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

15 8.50
1 5 8.50

D RAFTSM EN , C L A S S B 4---------------------------------M ANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

352
314
38

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

14 0.50

DRA FTSM EN , C L A S S C 4---------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

220

4 0 .0

190

40. 0

1 0 6.00
10 5.00

67

4 0 .0

1 1 3.50

63

4 0 .0

11 4.00

36

3 9 .0

6 3 .0 0

1,400
1,09 4

4 0 .0

107.00
1 0 9.00
9 9 .0 0

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
G E N E R A L ------------------------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

122.50

1 1 4 . CO

T Y P IS T S ,
S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S A 4
M A N U F A C T U R IN G -------------

113
90

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

13 0.00
136.00

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S B 4
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ------

367
302
65

4 0 .0
40. C
39. C

11 7.50
12 1.00
100.50

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S C 4
M ANUFACTURING ------------NUNMANUFACTURING -----P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2-

455

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
39 .5
4 0 .0

10 5.50
100.50
1 1 7.00

S E C R E T A R IE S , C L A S S D4
M ANUFACTURING -----------NONMANUFACTURING ------

415
304

3 9 .5

120
109

8 4 .0 0

10 4.00

348
107
37

m a n u f a c t u r in g

3 9 .5

9 2 .0 0
7 5 .0 0

83

40. C
4C .0

9 9 .5 0
10 5.50
8 9 .5 0
9 8 .5 0
8 4 .5 0
9 3 .5 0
7 1 .5 0

111

4 0 .0
38 .5

9 1 .5 0
9 0 .5 0
9 5 .5 0

S TEN O G R A P H ERS, GENFRAL
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2

573
476

4 0 .0
40. 0

8 3 .0 0
8 3 .0 0

97
54

39 .5
4 0 .0

8 3 .0 0
9 0 .0 0

STE N O G R A P H E R S, S EN IO R
M ANUFACTURING -------NONMANUFACTURING P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S

687
606

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

I C O .50
10 1.00

81
49

39 .5
4 0 .0

9 5 .5 0
101.50

P R O F E S S IO N A L AND T E C H N IC A L
O CCU PATIO N S

N U R S E S , IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D ) -----M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkweek fo r which em ployees re ce iv e their regular straigh t-tim e salaries and the earnings co rre sp o n d to these w eekly hours.
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
May include w ork ers other than those presented separately.
D escription fo r this occupation has been revised since the last survey in this area. See appendix A.




i
51

125
69

T A B U LA TIN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S B -------------------------------------------------------

4 0 .0
39 .0
4 0 .0

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

9 4 .5 0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

306
107

Weekly
(standard

O F F IC E O CC U PA TIO N S

CO NTINUED

D U P LIC A T IN G -M A C H IN E O PERA TO RS
(MIMEOGRAPH OR D IT T O ) -------------

Average
Number
of
workers

7 9 .5 0

28

C L E R K S , ORDER ----------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

1
2
3
4

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

7 8 .5 0

C L E R K S , ACCO U N TIN G , C L A S S A
M A N U F A C T U R IN G --------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 2-----------

153
76

-

Number
of
workers

7 6 .0 0

39 .5

*
O

B O O K KEEP IN G -M A CH IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

Occupation and industry divis ion

138. 50
1 3 8 . 50

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A verage straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r m en in se le cte d occupations studied on an area basis
Jay industry d iv isio n , A k ron , O hio, June 1966)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s of

Hourly earnings 1
t
2 .5 0

Mean1 Median 2
2

$
2 .6 0

s
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

S
S
t
$
t
2 . 9 0 3. 0 0 3 . 1 0 3 . 2 0 3 . 3 0

$
i
3 .4 0 3 . 50 3 . 6 0

S
*
3 .7 0 3 . 8 0

s
s
t
3 .9 0 4 .0 0

4 .1 0

2 .6 0

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

2 .7 0 2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 00 3 10 3 . 2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0 3 . 6 0 3 . 7 0

3 .8 0 3 . 9 0 4 . 0 0 4 . 1 0

over

U nder
Middle range 2 $
and
2 .5 0 u n d e r

C A R P E N T E R S , M AINTENANCE ----------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

152
145

$
3 .5 1
3 .5 2

$
3 .6 3
3 .6 3

$
$
3 .3 3 - 3 .6 7
3 .3 3 - 3 .6 7

-

-

“

*

1
-

8
8

2
2

1
*

24
24

9
9

5
4

5
5

81
81

13
9

-

E L E C T R IC I A N S , M AINTENANCE ------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

505
478

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

3 . 4 5 - 3 .6 8
3 .4 6 - 3 .6 7

_
-

1
1

7
7

-

3
2

8
4

17
17

1
1

13
13

63
63

26
21

43
41

259
259

17
2

47
47

E N G IN E E R S , S T A T IO N A R Y ---------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

153
144

3 .5 2
3 .5 7

3 .6 5
3 .6 7

3 . 3 7 - 3 .7 4
3 . 3 9 - 3 .7 5

2
-

-

-

-

4
-

4
4

6
6

_

-

32
29

9
9

6
6

27
27

59
59

-

F IR E M E N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R ----------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

77
77

3 .3 6
3 .3 6

3 .5 2
3 .5 2

3 . 0 9 - 3 .5 8
3 .0 9 - 3 .5 8

“

*

_
“

4
4

8
B

4
4

4
4

-

8
8

_
“

4
4

33
33

9
9

3
3

_

H E L P E R S , M AINTENANCE T R A D E S --------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

160
156

2 .9 3
2 .9 4

2 .8 6
2 .8 7

2 . 8 1 - 3 .0 1
2 . 8 1 - 3 .0 1

4
4

1
-

3
3

24
22

76
76

11
11

12
12

-

17
17

2
1

10
10

-

M A CH IN E-TO O L O P E R A T O R S , TOOLROOM —
M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

236
236

3 .6 4
3 .6 4

3 .6 6
3 .6 6

3 . 6 2 - 3 .8 3
3 . 6 2 - 3 .8 3

-

_

“

_
*

1
1

1
1

3
3

25
25

6
4

4
4

_

M A C H IN IS T S , M AINTENANCE ----------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

163
163

3 .4 9
3 .4 9

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 . 3 9 - 3 .6 6
3 .3 9 - 3 .6 6

_

_

2
2

_

9
9

1
1

14
14

1
1

i
i

14
14

-

M E C H A N IC S , AUTOM OTIVE
(M A IN T E N A N C E ! ------------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONM ANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S 3 ----------------------------

481
98
383
364

3 .3 8
3 .4 9
3 .3 5
3 .3 6

3 .4 4
3 .6 2
3 .4 3
3 .4 4

3 .3 4 3 .3 3 3 .3 4 3 .3 5 -

2
—
2

2
2

34
9
25
25

20
20
20

1
1
~

7
3
4
4

17
5
12
10

22
6
16
16

41
3
38
33

M E C H A N IC S , M AINTENANCE -------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

938
918

3 .4 7
3 .4 8

3 .6 2
3 .6 2

3 . 3 6 - 3 .6 7
3 . 3 7 - 3 .6 7

_

38
36

4
4

11
11

35
23

5
5

76
76

3
3

9
9

M ILLW R IG H T S -------------------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

100
100

3 .6 0
3 .6 0

3 .7 0
3 .7 0

3 . 6 3 - 3 .7 5
3 . 6 3 - 3 .7 5

-

-

-

_

_

6
6

5
5

3
3

_

O I L E R S ------------------------------------------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

207
207

3 .2 8
3 .2 8

3 .4 2
3 .4 2

3 . 1 3 - 3 .4 7
3 .1 3 - 3 .4 7

2
2

1
1

2
2

8
8

20
20

12
12

4
4

11
11

P A IN T E R S , M AINTENANCE ---------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

94
90

3 .4 2
3 .4 4

3 .5 4
3 .5 4

3 . 0 9 - 3 .5 9
3 . 1 0 - 3 .5 9

“

1

_
*

4
3

4
4

1
1

15
15

_

P I P E F I T T E R S , M AINTENANCE --------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

527
527

3 .5 5
3 .5 5

3 .6 3
3 .6 3

3 .5 0 - 3 .6 7
3 . 5 0 - 3 .6 7

-

-

*

-

1
1

8
8

9
9

S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKERS, M AINTENANCE —
M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

125
125

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

3 .6 2 - 3 .6 8
3 . 6 2 - 3 .6 8

-

-

_

-

-

2
2

TOO L ANO D IE MAKERS --------------------------------M ANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

647
647

3 .7 3
3 .7 3

3 .9 9
3 .9 9

3 . 4 8 - 4 .0 5
3 .4 8 - 4 .0 5

12
12




1
2
3

3 .5 0
3 .7 0
3 .4 8
3 .4 8

—

“
-

-

-

11
11

E xcludes p rem iu m pay fo r ov e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eekends, h olid ays, and late sh ifts.
F o r defin ition o f te r m s , see footn ote 2, table A - l .
T ran sp ortation , com m u nication, and other public u tilities.

2
2

_

-

-

3
3

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

*

-

-

-

*

126
126

-

38
38

5
5

27
27

-

19
19

102
102

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

224
5
219
211

47
9
38
38

42
35
7
7

19
19
-

—
—

—

-

-

-

87
87

29
29

78
78

478
478

16
10

<>8
■ 58

1
1

-

-

“

-

_

36
36

50
50

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

6
6

13
13

106
106

22
22

-

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

5
3

_
“

44
44

11
11

1
1

-

9
9

87
87

17
17

35
35

327
327

34
34

2
2

2
2

_

1
l

-

*

8
8

97
97

13
13

54
54

4
4

49
49

14
14

19
19

17
17

49
49

28
28

4
4

“

3
3

-

_
-

6
6

_

_

-

-

_

_____

-

-

_

_

-

-

71
71

313
313

-

11
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ied on an a r e a b a s is
b y in d u str y d iv is io n , A k r o n , O h io, June 1966)

Number of w ork ers receiving straigh t-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings2

M ean3

M edian3

Middle range3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN------------------------------MANUFACTURING------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

362
334
28

$
2 .8 4
2.9 3
1.8 0

$
2.9 8
3 .0 0
1 .7 4

$
$
2 .5 6 - 3.0 9
2 .9 1 - 3.1 0
1 .4 6 - 2.2 2

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

268

3 .0 1

3 .0 4

2 .9 4 -

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

66

2 .5 8

2 .4 7

2 .3 4 - 2.9 5

1,392
1 ,2 0 0
192
44

2 .6 3
2.7 6
1.8 3
2 .2 4

2 .8 5
2.9 3
1.7 9
2 .4 2

2 .3 6 2 .5 6 1 .4 5 1 .8 8 -

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) ------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

2 68
107
161

1 .9 9
2 .5 0
1.6 6

1.8 9
2.7 8
1.5 8

1 .5 0 - 2 .7 1
2 .4 9 - 2 .8 5
1 .4 1 - 2.0 2

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANOLING-------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LIT IE S4 ---------------------------

1 ,7 4 1
930
811
517

2 .9 4
2 .7 7
3 .1 4
3.3 4

2.8 9
2 .8 2
3.3 2
3 .3 5

2 .7 6 - 3.3 3
2 .7 0 - 2.8 8
3 .2 4 - 3.3 6
3 .3 2 - 3.3 8

ORDER FILLERS -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

272
152
120

2.8 5
3 .1 7
2 .4 5

2 .9 8
3 .2 3
2 .6 6

2 .6 8 3 .1 3 2 .2 9 -

3.2 4
3.2 8
2.7 7

PACKERS* SHIPPING -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

258
223

2.91
3.0 0

2.7 5
2.6 8

2 .2 4 2 .2 6 -

3 .9 2
3 .9 3

RECEIVING CLERKS -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------

235
161
74

2 .8 4
2 .9 9
2 .4 9

2.8 8
3 .0 4
2 .5 1

2 .5 5 2 .8 3 1 .9 7 -

3.2 8
3 .3 0
3.1 4

3.0 4
3.0 5
2.1 8
2.5 5

62

2 .8 6

2.8 4

2 .7 0

144

2.9 0

2 .4 3 -

2.7 8

2 .6 7 -

31

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ---------------------------

1,326
’ 20
1 ,0 0 6
653

3.2 4
3.0 7
3 .2 9
3 .3 3

3.3 3
3.2 0
3.3 9
3.4 3

3 .1 6 - 3 .4 4
2 . 8 1 - 3 .3 5
3 . 1 8 - 3 .4 5
3 .4 0 - 3 .4 7

TRUCKORIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) -----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

126
33

3.1 8
2 .9 2

3 .4 1
3.2 3

3 .1 6 - 3.4 6
2 .3 9 - 3.2 9

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM C1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING A TONS) ---------------------

301

3 .1 0

3.1 6

2 .8 5 -




S
1.6 0

s
1 .7 0

%

i

$
80 1 . 9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

2.20

$
2 .30

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .50

s
2 .6 0

$
2.8 0

S
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

*
3.4 0

s
3 .6 0

$
$
3. 80 4 . 0 0

1 .4 0

1.5 0

1 .6 0

1.7 0

1 .8 0

i

90 2 . 0 0

2. 10 2 . 2 0

2 .3 0

2 .40

2 .5 0

2 .60

2 .8 C

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3.6 0

3.8 0

4 .0 0 over

6
6

-

-

5
5

4
4

9
9

25
24
1

16
15
1

15
14
1

100
100

144
144

20
20

-

1

4
4

1
1

~

5
2
3

4

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

3

-

11

3

14

1

71

144

20

-

-

-

-

and

2
2

-

2
2

3

207
105

3 .1 7
3.2 2

3.1 7
3.4 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

9

-

-

13

12

-

-

29

-

-

-

-

-

-

20
20

6
6
“

19
~
19
“

13
4
9
”

47
28
19
2

19
4
15
9

14
9
5
i

65
39
26
2

62
62
-

24
22
2
i

57
50
7
4

64
51
13
7

66
54
12
12

141
137
4
4

211
201
10

501
501

34
34

2
2

_
-

2
2
-

_
-

2

10
10
~

~

~

~

10
10

6
6

28
5
23

24
11
13

40
4
36

3
-

20
20

4
4
-

2
2
~

4
4

3
1
2

6
6

25
25

43
43

4
4

2
2

_

-

2
2

8
8

12
12

11
11

9
9

4
4

3
2

110
61
49

27
15
12

16
16
~

186
166
20
11

460
448
12

22
19
3

739
73
66 6
502

10
6
4
4

_

_

-

-

23
1
22

5
5

46
46

28
12
16

32
32

81
81

20
20
“

-

24
24

13
13

25
5

27
27

_

_

-

4

14
8
6

74
64
10

2
2
3

-

15

_

_

-

8
8

2
“

_

3

-

-

_

29
28
1

17
16
1

16
16

1

48
48
“

6
2
4

4
4

2
2

8
2
6

7
2
5

i

32
32

39
38

3
3

3

9
8
1

9
5
4

10

_
-

2
-

-

*

-

2

4

3

_

2
2

_

6
2
4

2
2

_

_

4

4

4

-

~

-

-

-

4

4

4

_

_

44
44

_

-

_
-

4
-

-

_

_
-

3

4

5
2
3

“

4

9
9

4

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

~

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

i

-

-

-

9
9

i

2
2

-

2

_

2

~

-

-

_

29
29
-

~

3
3

4
4

6
6

“

16
16

-

-

-

i

3 .4 5
—

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

4

-

68
55
13

10
10

6
6

47
37

4
4

-

“

22
22

l
9
3
i

-

4
-

2.9 7

3 .1 1 - 3.4 3
3 .3 8 - 3.4 7

-

15

2 .9 7

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

See fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le .

$
1.5 0

2.8 9

2.7 8
2 .7 9
2.7 5

NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES4 ---------------------------

*
1 .4 0

3 .1 3

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING------------------ -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 ---------------------------

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLER KS ----------

$
$
Under 1 . 2 0 1 . 3 0
and
*
1 .2 0 under
1.30

O ccupation1 and industry division

Number
of

-

20
6
14

63
56
7

6
4
2

21
15
6

42
19
23
23

31
29
2

1
1

2
-

2

-

6
~

15
15
-

3
3
34
11
23
23

2

_

_

-

-

-

-

12
12

_

_

_

_

-

-

*
76
76

_

-

I

-

-

1

-

-

_

6

_

-

-

-

6
3

_

_

_

3

-

-

-

3

16
13
3

323
52
271
135

325
114
21 1
3

4 94
14
480
480

_

10

20

14
14

72
6

-

~

8
6

107

2

_

13
9
4

~

2

_

~

7
100

2
-

2
2

78
-

78
78

-

33
33
-

-

~

~

_

-

10
10

_
“

33
33
~

_

_

-

-

-

12
Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(Average straight-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupations studied on an area basis
by industry division, Akron, Ohio, June 1966)
Nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e i v i n g st r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly earni ngs of—

Hourly earnings2

i

Number

O ccu p ation 1 and industry division

workers

, T „ ^ r 1 .2 0
Mean3

M edian3

Middle range3

t
1 .2 0

t

S

1.4 0

1.4 0

1 .5 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2.3 0

S

$

S

2.4 0

2.5 0

2.6 0

2.1 0 2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2.4 0

2.5 0 2 .6 0

t

1 .5 0

$
1 .6 0

1 .7 0

*
1.8 0

)
t
1.9 0 2 .0 0

1 .6 0

1 .7 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

S

$
3.2 0

3.4 0

.60

2 . 80 3 . 0 0

3.2 0

3.4 0

3.6 0

3 .8 0

6
6

1 12
27
145

177
96
81
1

276
6
270
270

~

-

-

289
28 9
-

1)1
1)1

116
46
70

20
20
-

_
-

228
2 28
-

-

*

~

t
3.8 0

t
4 .0 0

4 .0 0 over

CONTINUED

641
145
49 6
40 6

$
3.2 9
3 .2 2
3 .3 1
3 .3 1

$
3 .3 7
3 .3 0
3 .4 1
3.4 3

$
$
3 . 1 8 - 3 .4 4
3 . 1 8 - 3.3 5
3 . 1 9 - 3.4 5
3 .1 8 - 3.4 6

135

TRUCKERS, POWER ( F O R K L I F T ) ---------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES4 ---------------------------

1,066
954
112
56

3.1 3
3.14
3.0 0
3 .3 6

3 .0 4
3.0 2
3 .3 2
3.3 5

2 . 9 0 - 3 .3 8
2 . 9 1 - 3.5 2
2 . 4 7 - 3.3 6
3 . 3 3 - 3 .3 8

12
12
42
56

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN
F O R K L I F T ) --------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

164
164

3 .2 1
3 .2 1

3.3 7
3.3 7

3 . 2 1 - 3 .4 5
3 . 2 1 - 3.4 5

Data lim ited to m en w ork ers except where otherw ise indicated.
Excludes prem ium pay fo r overtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays,
F or definition of te rm s, see footnote 2, table A - l .
T ransportation, com m unication, and other public utilities.
Includes all driv e rs re gard less of size and type of truck operated.




S

3 .0 0

and

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
TRAILER T Y P E ) -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC UTI LI T IE S4 ---------------------------

1
2
3
4
5

$

s
2 .8 0

and
under
1 .3 0

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -

t
1.3 0

-

36
36

5
5

62
20

1
1

65
65

36
36
-

1
1

and late shifts.

6
6

-

20
20

-

-

_

_

_

2
2

-

:i7
:i7

53
53

71
71

_

_

_

13
B. Establishment Practices and Supplemeritary Wage Provisions
Table B-l. Minimum Entrance Salaries for Women Office Workers
(D is trib u tio n o f e sta b lish m e n ts studied in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv is io n s by m in im u m e n tran ce s a la r y fo r s e le c t e d c a t e g o r ie s
o f in e x p e r ie n c e d w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s , A k ron , O hio, June 1966)
In e x p e rie n ce d typ ists
M anufacturing
M inim um w eekly str a ig h t-tim e sa la r y 1

O ther in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r 's 2
N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eekly h ours 3 o f----

A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch edu les

40

A ll
sch ed u les

M anufacturing
A ll
in d u strie s

A ll
sch ed u les

40

N onm anufacturing

B a sed on standard w eek ly hou rs 3 o f--40

A ll
sch ed u les

40

E sta b lish m en ts s t u d ie d ______________________________________

114

52

XXX

62

XXX

114

52

XXX

62

XXX

E sta b lish m en ts having a s p e c ifie d m in im u m _______________

37

16

16

21

18

55

23

22

32

26

5
3
5
2
2
6
1
4
4
1

1
3
1
1
3
1
3

1
3
1
1
3
1
3

4
3
2
1
1
3

4
3
1

3

9
3
2
3
3
2

8
3
1
1
2
2

-

-

-

-

1
4

1
4

4
3
3
4
1
1
1
1

3
_
4
3
3
3
1
1
1
1

$ 50. 00
$ 52. 50
$ 5 5 .0 0
$ 57. 50
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 6 2 . 50
$ 65. 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 70. 00
$ 72. 50
$ 7 5 .0 0
$ 77. 50
$ 8 0 .0 0
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 85. 00

and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
under
over

$ 5 2 .5 0
_ ___ _
$ 55. 00
_ . .. _
_ _
$ 5 7 .5 0
$ 6 0 .0 0
$ 62. 50_________________________________
$ 6 5 . 00
$ 6 7 .5 0
$ 7 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 72. 50____________________ _______
$ 75. 00__ _____
. ____ . .
$ 7 7 .5 0 _________________________________
$ 8 0 .0 0 _________________________________
$ 8 2 .5 0
$ 8 5 .0 0

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
3
6
6
6
6
1
3
4
1
1

-

-

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

1

1

2
2

-

-

2

2

2
-

2
*

3
-

2
-

E stab lish m en ts having no s p e c ifie d m in im um

17

13

XXX

4

E stab lish m en ts w hich did not e m p lo y w o rk e rs
in this ca te g o r y

60

23

XXX

37

-

1
2

-

-

_

2
3

-

-

3

-

-

2

2

2

XXX

24

16

XXX

8

XXX

XXX

35

13

XXX

22

XXX

T h ese s a la r ie s r e la te to fo r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im um sta rtin g (h irin g) re g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s that a re paid f o r standard w ork w eek s.
E x clu d es w o rk e rs in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r o r o ffic e g ir l.
D ata a re p r e s e n te d f o r a ll standard w ork w e e k s co m b in e d , and fo r the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o rk w eek r e p o r te d .




-

2
3




Table B-2.

Shift Differentials

(S hift d iffe r e n t ia ls o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s b y ty p e and am ount o f d iffe r e n t ia l,
A k ro n , O h io , June 1966)
P e r c e n t o f m a n u fa ctu rin g plant w o r k e r s —

Shift d iffe r e n t ia l

In e s ta b lis h m e n ts h aving fo r m a l
p r o v is io n s 1 f o r —
S e co n d sh ift
w o rk

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift w o rk

A c tu a lly w ork in g on—

S e co n d sh ift

T h ir d o r o th e r
sh ift

-----------------------------

98.6

88.0

23.4

14.2

W ith s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ------------------------------------

88.8

83.5

20.8

13.5

T o t a l------

-------------

-----

-----

71.3

61.5

15.8

11.0

5 c e n t s ______________________________________
6 c e n t s _____________________ _______________
7 c e n t s ------------- ----- -------- -----------------------7 V c e n t s ____________________________________
2
8 c e n t s ______________________________________
9 c e n t s _____________________ _______________
10 c e n t s _____________________________________
12 c e n t s _____________________________________
15 c e n t s _____________________________________
18 c e n t s ____________________ _______________
20 c e n t s — ________________ _______________

8.1
39.7
7.9
.7
4.6

2 .2
42.0
2.2

2.0
8.7
1.5
(2)
.9
.4
1.9
.2
-

.5
8.8
.1

U n ifo r m p e r c e n t a g e -----------------------------------------

14.7

U n ifo r m c e n ts (p e r h o u r ) ____________________

-

-

3.2
.7
2.3
2.2
3.2
2.8

-

.6

2 .8
6 .9
.5

-

.3

.1
(2)
.1
.5

-

.4

-

(2)

14.5

4 .3

2.1

.9

4 .3

(2)

8.9

“

1.1

2 .0

7.0

.6

.4

O th er fo r m a l pay d iff e r e n t ia l________________

.8

.4

.1

W ith no s h ift p a y d i f f e r e n t i a l ____________________

9.8

4 .6

2.6

------------------------------------------------

14.5

7 V2 p e r c e n t _________________________________
10 p e r c e n t ___________________________________

.2

F u ll d a y 's p a y f o r r e d u c e d h o u r s ------------------

5 p e r c e n t ---

4 .7

.9

.7

1 In c lu d e s e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ift s , and e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith f o r m a l p r o v is io n s c o v e r in g late sh ifts
e v e n though th ey w e r e not c u r r e n t ly o p e r a tin g la te s h ifts .
2 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.

15
Table B-3.

Scheduled W eek ly Hours

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e 1966)

O ffic e w o rk e rs

Plant w o rk e rs
W eekly h ou rs
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1

A ll w o r k e r s ______

________

___

____________

^ hfnirr
36 h o u r s _____ ________ _____ ___ ___ __ ____________
O ver 36 and under 38 h o u r s ______________________
38 h ou rs _____
__ __ ______ ______________
O ver 38 and u nd er 40 h o u r s ______________________
40 h ou rs _ ------------ ------------O ver 40 and u nd er 44 h o u r s ______________________
44 h o u r s _______________________________________ —
45 h o u r s _____ ______ ________
___ — ----------46 h o u r s _____________r ____________ ___ _— — ____
_.T
48 h ou rs __________________________ ____ _____ __ _
O ver 48 h o u r s _____
______ __ ____
_____

1
2
3
4

100

( 4)
25
1
4
1
54
(4)
2
5
1
3
3

M anufacturing

100

(4)
33
1

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 2

100

A ll i n d u s t r ie s 3

M anufacturing

100

100

(4)
-

100

(4)
-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

54
1
1
4
2
1
4

69
5
13
6
5
3

3
91
(4)
2
-

98
(4)
(4)
-

1

-

99
1
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in su ra n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o s e industry d iv is io n s shown sep a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




P u blic u t ilitie s 2

16
Table B-4.

Paid Holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s and in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r o f p a id h o l id a y s
p r o v i d e d a n n u a lly , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e 1 96 6)

Plant w o rk e rs
Item

A ll w o rk e rs

_____

..

__________________

A ll in d u s t r ie s 1

______

W ork ers in e sta b lish m e n ts p r o v id in g
paid holid ays
W ork ers in es ta b lis h m e n ts p ro v id in g
no paid h o lid a y s ____

100

99

M anufacturing

O ffice w o rk e rs
P u blic u tilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

1

A ll in d u s t r ie s 3

100

99

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 2

100

100

100

100

-

15

(4)

N um ber o f days

1 h olid a y —
........... .......... ..
3 h olid ays
6 h o lid a y s _________________________________________
6 h olid a y s plus 2 h a lf days
6 h olid a ys plus 3 h a lf days
7 h olid a ys .. ___
7 h olid a ys plus 1 h a lf day
8 h olid ays
9 h o lid a y s ---------------------------------------------------------------

1

18
44

19
2
16
57

42
46
11
"

44
61
63
85
98
98
99

57
73
75
94
100
100
100

11
11
58
100
100
100

1

-

13
(4)

6

22

2

-

(4 )
22
1

9
-

3

1

1

-

13
1
13
49

5

15
70

68
3
11

49
63
64
78
99
99
99

70
85
87
91
100
100
100

1

T ota l h o lid a y tim e 5

9 days . . . . . . .
8 d ays o r m o r e
7 V days o r m o r e ________________________________
2
7 d ays o r m o r e
6 days o r m o r e ___________________________________
3 days o r m o r e
___
___ ________ __ _ ___
1 day o r m o r e

_

11
14
85
100
100
100

1 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e , r e ta il tra d e , r e a l esta te, and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se industry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
2 T ra n sp orta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
3 In clu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose industry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
4 L e s s than 0 . 5 p e r c e n t.
5 A ll c om b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sa m e am ount a r e c o m b in e d ; f o r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g a total o f 7 days in clu d es th ose with 7 fu ll days and no
h alf d a ys, 6 fu ll days and 2 h alf d a y s , 5 fu ll days and 4 h alf d a ys, and s o on.
P r o p o r t io n s w e re then cu m u lated.




17
Table B-5.

Paid Vacations1

( P e r c e n t d i s t r ib u t io n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e 1966)

O ffice w o rk e rs

Plant w o rk e rs
V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anufacturing

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

A ll w o r k e r s _______________________________________

M anufacturing

100

100

100

100

100

100

99
59
41

100

100
100

100

100

100

99

97
3
-

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

M ethod o f paym ent
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts pro v id in g
paid v a c a tio n s __________________________________
L e n g th -o f-tim e p a y m e n t _________________
P e r c e n ta g e paym ent_____________________ ___
F la t -s u m p a y m e n t____________________________
W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts pro v id in g
no paid v a c a tio n s _______________________________

-

50
50
-

*

-

99
(5)
-

1

(5)

-

-

-

-

-

4

3
(5)

_
5
-

5
28

_
36

10
12

15

18
4
3

2

_
87
13

15
4
81

5
95

47
18
35

(5)
95

_

_

48

4

16
(5 )

4
-

51
-

11

12
11

-

A m oun t o f v a ca tio n p a y 6
A ft e r 6 m onths o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s __ __________________
2 w e e k s ------------------------------------------------------------------

2
1
-

-

(5)
93

(5)
97
-

12

A fte r 1 y e a r o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek _____________________________________
1 w eek _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s ____________ ______________________ _____

1
6

A fte r 2 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
U nder 1 w eek ___ __ ___________
___ ______
1 w e e k _____________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s
___________
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________

(5 )
82

1

1

1

1

95
(5)

-

-

2

16

98
-

78
-

6

A fte r 3 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek _________

___ __ __ „__ _________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s _______________________
2 w e e k s _______ __ __ ___________ ____ ______ _______
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s _______________________

9
79
(5 )

77
-

-

100
-

1

1

96
4

95
4

100

-

(5 )
96
4

(5 )
95
4

100

92

-

A fte r 4 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 WPPlf
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ______________ ______
2 w e e k s ____________________________ _________ ,____
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________

8

8
11

-

-

9
82
(5)

81
-

100

1

-

-

-

-

A fte r 5 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ___________
—
_____________ —
O v er 1 and under 2 w e e k s ___________ ______ —
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s ___________ _ ____________________________

(5 )
91

1
6

1
98
-

2

-

1

94
-

-

7

6

100

-

100
-

A fte r 10 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e

1 w eek ___________ -___________________________ ___
2 w e e k s ___________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s _______________________
3 w e e k s _______ _______________ — ----- ------------O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ____________ ________
4 w e e k s _________________ ________________________

See footn otes at end o f table.




1
21
10
67
(5 )
(5)

-

-

-

22
12
66

35

20

8
-

-

65

88

-

-

(5 )
76
4
(5)

54
-

-

"

-

4

-

46

18
---Table B-5. Paid V acations1 Continued
( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y v a c a t i o n p a y
p r o v i s i o n s , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e 1966)

Plant w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk e rs

V a ca tio n p o lic y
A ll in d u s t r ie s 1
2

M anufacturin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anufacturing

P u b lic u t i li t ie s 3

1
10
8
80
(5 )
(! )

_
10
10
80
-

_
9
91
-

_
6
89
4
-

_
13
87
-

-

_
15
81
4
(5)

2
50
48

4
96
-

5
43
1
51

I
30

_
2

_
4

_
5

-

-

-

-

27
66
2.

24
75
-

A m ount o f v a ca tio n pay 6 Continued
—
A ft e r 12 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w 6 ek______ ___ _________ _______ _
2 w eek s
. __________ ___ ___ ^
_
O ver 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________________________
4 w eek s
.,

-

A fte r 15 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ____
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and under 3 w eek s ___ _
___
____
3 w eek s
O v er 3 and under 4 w e e k s _____
. . _____ ____
4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------------

1
3
1
57
(5 )
37

-

-

4
96
-

69

-

A ft e r 20 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek ______________________________________ ______
2 w e e k s __________________________ _ ___________ _
O v er 2 and under 3 w e e k s ________________________
_____ __
__
3 w e e k s _____ __ ______ __ ___
O ver 3 and under 4 w e e k s ________ ____________
4 w e e k s _______
___ _______ __________________
O v e r 4 w e e k s ______________________________________

1
3
1
35
1
59
1

41
1
56
-

24
72
-

_
1

_
4
29
66
-

A ft e r 25 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek.
__ _
_
__ __ ____ __ ___
2 w e e k s ____________________________________________
O ver 2 and u nd er 3 w e e k s ________________________
3 w eek s
.
.
_
4 w eek s _________________________________ ________ _
O v er 4 w e e k s ___ ___
___
___

_

_

_

_

_

2

4

5

1

4

1
3
1
22
36
37

26
24
47

1
3
1
22
36
37

2
26
24
47

-

-

5
92
-

-

17
31
47

-

-

12
23
63

7
89
-

A ft e r 30 y e a r s o f s e r v ic e
1 w eek
2 w eek s
O v er 2 and u n d er 3 w e e k s . _____ ______________
3 w e e k s ____________________________________________
4 w eeks
O ver 4 w e e k s _____ - ___ _

_

_

_

_

_

4

5

1

4

-

-

-

-

12
23
63

7
89

5
92

17
31
47

1 Inclu des b a s ic plans on ly. E x clu d e s plans su ch as v a c a tio n -s a v in g s and th o se plans w h ich o ffe r " e x te n d e d " o r " s a b b a t ic a l" b e n e fits beyond b a s ic plans to w o r k e r s w ith qualifying lengths
o f s e r v ic e . T y p ic a l o f such e x c lu s io n s a r e plans in the s t e e l, alum in um , and can in d u s trie s .
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th er p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
4 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n sep a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.
6 Inclu des paym en ts o th e r than " le n g t h -o f - t i m e ," su ch as p e r c e n ta g e o f annual e a rn in gs o r fla t -s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r te d to an equivalent tim e b a s is ; fo r exa m p le a paym ent o f 2 p e r c e n t
o f annual ea rn in gs w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w e e k 's pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e w e r e a r b it r a r ily c h o s e n and d o not n e c e s s a r il y r e fle c t the individual p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n s . F o r ex a m p le, the
ch an ges in p r o p o r t io n s in d ica ted at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v ic e in clu d e ch an ges in p r o v is io n s o c c u r r in g betw een 5 and 10 y e a r s . E s tim a te s a r e cu m u la tiv e. T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n r e c e iv in g 3 w e e k s ' pay
o r m o r e a fter 5 y e a r s in clu d e s th o s e who r e c e iv e 3 w e e k s ' pay o r m o r e a fte r fe w e r y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .




19
Table B-6. Health, Insurance, and Pension Plans
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv is io n s em p lo y e d in e sta b lish m en ts prov id in g
health, in s u ra n ce , o r p en sion b e n e fits , 1 A k ro n , O h io, June 1966)
Plant w o rk e rs
T yp e o f b en efit

O ffice w o rk e rs
A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anufacturing

A ll in d u s tr ie s 2

M anufacturing

P u blic u tilit ie s 3

100

100

100

100

100

100

L ife in s u r a n c e _____ __________________________
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t
in s u r a n c e __________________________ ________ __
S ick n ess and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce o r
s i c k le a v e o r b o th 5 __________________________

98

99

100

98

99

100

74

79

68

80

88

54

98

99

94

81

83

86

S ick n ess and a ccid e n t in s u ra n ce __________
S ick le a v e (fu ll pay and no
w aiting p e r io d )___ _____ ____ __________
Sick lea v e (p a rtia l pay o r
w aiting p e r io d )____________ —_____________

90

99

55

59

70

37

4

-

14

59

61

63

7

3

36

4

*

23

H osp ita liza tion in s u ra n ce_____________________
S u rg ica l in su ra n ce ________________ ___________
M ed ica l in s u r a n c e _____________________________
C a ta stroph e in s u ra n ce ________________________
R etirem en t p en sion _____ __________ ________
No health, in s u ra n ce , o r p e n sio n plan______

97
97
81
19
88
1

99
99
85
13
92
(6)

99
99
60
60
87

94
94
86
50
89
(6)

97
97
93
46
92
(6)

99
96
90
80
79

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts p ro v id in g :

1 Inclu des th ose plans fo r w h ich at le a st a part o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r , e x ce p t th o se le g a lly r e q u ir e d , such as w o rk m e n 's co m p e n s a tio n , s o c ia l s e c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d re tire m e n t.
2 Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se industry d iv isio n s shown s e p a ra tely .
3 T r a n sp o rta tio n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tra d e ; fin a n c e , in s u ra n ce , and r e a l esta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s shown s e p a ra te ly .
5 U nduplicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ic k le a v e o r s ick n e s s and a ccid e n t in su ra n ce show n s e p a r a te ly be lo w . S ick le a v e plans a r e lim ite d to th ose w hich d e fin ite ly
e sta b lish at lea st the
m in im um nu m ber o f d a y s ' pay that can be e x p e cte d by e a ch e m p lo y e e . In fo rm a l s ic k le a v e a llo w a n c e s d e te rm in e d on an individual b a s is a r e exclu d ed .
6 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




U

20
Table B-7. Health Insurance Benefits Provided Employees and T h e ir Dependents
(P e r c e n t o f plant and o f fic e w o r k e r s in a ll in d u strie s and in industry d iv is io n s e m p lo y e d in e sta b lish m e n ts pro v id in g health in su ra n ce ben efits
c o v e r in g e m p lo y e e s and th e ir depen den ts, A k ro n , O h io, June 1966)
Plant w o rk e rs
Type o f ben efit, c o v e r a g e , and fin a n c in g 1

A ll w o rk e rs

W o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts p r o v id in g :
H o s p ita liz a tio n in s u r a n c e ____________________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly _________ __
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced
J oin tly fin a n ce d _________________________
C ov erin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
dependents
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d
__
J oin tly fin a n ce d __ __________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fin a n ce d f o r depen den ts______
S u r g ic a l in s u ra n ce _____ __ __ __ ____ __
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly _________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d _____________________
Join tly fin a n ce d __ ________ _________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
depen dents
________ ___ ___ ___ ___
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d ________________ —
Join tly fin a n ce d — ______________ —------ -E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fin a n ce d fo r d ep en d en ts______

A ll in d u s t r ie s 2

M anufacturing

O ffice w o rk e rs
P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

100

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilitie s 3

100

100

100

97
1
1
1

99
-

99
"
-

94
2
2
(5)

97
(5 )
(5)

99
2
2
"

96
81
11

99
87
7

99
57
27

92
65
17

97
80
8

97
30
25

100

100

5

5

16

10

9

41

97
1
1
1

99
-

99
-

97
(5)

-

-

94
2
2
(5 )

(5)

96
2
2
"

96
80
11

99
87
7

99
57
27

91
64
17

97
80
8

94
27
25

5

5

16

10

9

41

M ed ica l in s u ra n ce _____ ____ ___________
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s only _______ ___ _
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d _______ _______ —
Join tly fin a n ce d _____ __________ ___
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
dependents _____ __ ____ __ __ ____ ____
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d _____________________
J oin tly fin a n ce d _________________ __ __
E m p lo y e r fin a n ced f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in tly fin a n ce d f o r d epen den ts______

81
1
1
1

85
(5)
(5)
"

60
-

86
1
(*)
(5)

93
1
1
(5 )

90
"

80
70
8

85
79
5

60
17
27

85
61
14

92
77
7

90
23
25

1

“

16

10

9

41

C a ta strop h e in s u r a n c e __ __ ________ ____
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s o n ly _________________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d . . . . . . _____
Join tly fin a n ce d __ __ __ _____ __ __
C o v e rin g e m p lo y e e s and th eir
depen dents
_ _ — _
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d „ ________ __
Join tly fin a n ce d _____ _____________
E m p lo y e r fin a n ce d f o r e m p lo y e e s ;
jo in t ly fin a n ce d f o r depen dents______

19
(?)
(5)
-

13
(?)
(5 )

60
-

50
3
(5)
3

46
1
1
(5)

80
-

19
10
8

13
10
3

60
37
23

47
16
23

45
14
22

80
36
26

8

9

18

-

1 Inclu des plans f o r w hich at le a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b o rn e by the e m p lo y e r . See fo o tn o te 1, table B - 6 .
An e sta b lish m e n t w as c o n s id e r e d as p r o v id in g b en efits to e m p lo y e e s fo r their
depen dents if su ch c o v e r a g e w as a v a ila b le to at le a s t a m a jo r it y o f those e m p lo y e e s one w ould u su ally e x p e c t to have depen dents, e . g . , m a r r ie d m en , even though they w e re le s s than a m a jo rity
o f a ll plant o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
The e m p lo y e r b e a r s the en tire c o s t of "e m p lo y e r fin a n c e d " pla n s.
The e m p lo y e r and e m p lo y e e sh a re the c o s t o f "jo in t ly fin a n c e d " pla n s.
2 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le trade, r e t a il tra d e , r e a l estate, and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in du stry d iv is io n s show n se p a r a te ly .
3 T ra n sp orta tio n , co m m u n ica tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
4 Inclu des data f o r w h o le s a le tr a d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se industry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
5 L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.




21

Table B-8. Profit-Sharing Plans
( P e r c e n t o f p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s in a l l in d u s t r ie s a n d in in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s e m p l o y e d in e s t a b l is h m e n t s p r o v id i n g p r o f i t - s h a r i n g p l a n s , 1
b y t y p e o f p la n , A k r o n , O h io , J u n e 1966)

Plant w o rk e rs

O ffice w o rk e rs

T yp e o f plan
A ll in d u s tr ie s 1
2

A ll w o r k e r s

M anufacturing

P u blic u t ilit ie s 3

A ll in d u s t r ie s 4

M anufacturing

P u blic u t i li t ie s 3

100

100

100

100

12

12

.

1

1

_

----------------------------------------------------------

100

W o r k e r s in esta b lish m e n ts provid in g
p r o fit -s h a r in g p la n s --------------------------------------------

3

1

P lans p rov id in g fo r cu rre n t
d is t r ib u t io n -----------------------------------------------------

( 5)

(5)

P lans p rov id in g fo r d e fe r r e d
d is t r ib u t io n -----------------------------------------------------

3

-

.

12

11

_

P lans p rovid in g fo r both cu rre n t
and d e fe r r e d d is tr ib u t io n -----------------------------

( 5)

1

-

( 5)

( 5)

-

P lans provid in g fo r e m p lo y e e 's c h o ice
o f m ethod o f d is trib u tio n -------------------------------

-

-

-

-

-

_

97

99

100

88

88

100

W ork ers in esta b lish m en ts pro v id in g no
p r o fit -s h a r in g plans ------------------------------------

1
advance
plant o r
2
3
4
5

—

100

The study w as lim ite d to fo r m a l plans (1) having e s ta b lis h e d fo rm u la s fo r the a llo c a tio n o f p r o fit sh a re s am ong e m p lo y e e s ; (2) w h ose fo rm u la s w e re com m u n ica ted to the em p lo y e e s in
o f the d eterm in a tio n o f p r o fit s ; (3) that r e p r e s e n t a co m m itm e n t b y the co m p a n y to m ake p e r io d ic co n trib u tio n s b a s e d on p r o fit s ; and (4) in w hich e lig ib ilit y extends to a m a jo r it y o f the
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tr a d e , r e t a il tr a d e , r e a l e s ta te , and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th ose in du stry d iv is io n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
T r a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u tilitie s .
Inclu des data fo r w h o le s a le tra d e ; r e t a il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su ra n ce , and r e a l esta te; and s e r v ic e s , in add ition to th o se in d u stry d iv isio n s show n s e p a r a te ly .
L e s s than 0. 5 p e r c e n t.







Appendix A. Changes in Occupational Descriptions

S in c e
m a n ,

th e

s e c r e t a r y ,

s a la r y

in f o r m

B u r e a u 's

a n d

a t io n

la s t

s u r v e y ,

s w it c h b o a r d

fo r

m o r e

o c c u p a t i o n a l

o p e r a t o r

s p e c i f i c

w e r e

d e s c r ip t io n s

r e v is e d

in

o r d e r

fo r

d r a fts ­

t o

o b t a in

o f

c a t e g o r ie s .

C ,
s iz e

a n d
o f

D )
th e

s id e r e d
t it le

o f

in

c la s s ify

T h e
th e s e

o r g a n iz a t io n

w o r k e r s
a n d

d is t in g u is h in g

s e c r e t a r y

a r e

r e v is e d

th e

t h e s e

n o t

d e s c r ip t io n s
a c c o r d in g

s c o p e

le v e ls .

c o m

p a r a b le

o f

t o

th e

D a ta
t o

fo r

s e c r e t a r y

le v e ls

o f

p u b lis h e d

(c la s s e s

A ,

r e s p o n s ib ilit y .

s u p e r v i s o r 's

d a t a

S w it c h b o a r d
a r r a n g e s




o p e r a t o r .

th e s e

w o r k e r s

T h e
in t o

r e v is e d
t w o

p o s it io n

u n d e r

p r e v io u s ly

th e

a r e
c o m

c la s s e s

fo r
(A

c a t e g o r y ,

in fo r m

w h e r e

a t io n

b o t h

p r e v io u s ly

T h e

a r e

c la r if y in g

th e

p r o v id e d .
p u b lis h e d ,

T h e
is

c r it e r ia
c o m
c o m

o f

t y p e s

b in a t io n

p a r a b le

o f

o f

t o

c a lls

c la s s

th e

h a n d le d

A

s in g le

a n d

a n d

c la s s

B

d e s ig n a t io n ,

p u b lis h e d .

D r a ft s m a n .

c o n ­

a n d

p o s it e

m

p u b lis h e d .

d e s c r ip t io n

d e f in e d

o f

B ,

a n

C ;

a n d

d r a ft s m

(le a d e r ,

b e t w e e n
th e s e

o p e r a t o r

s in g le

d a t a ,
i f

S e c r e t a r y .

a

ty p e s

s e n io r ,

d r a ft in g

o c c u p a t io n s

T h e

r e v is e d

a n -t r a c e r )

a n d
a r e

a n d

ju n io r ;

d e s ig n
n o t

c o m

d e s c r ip t io n s

r e p la c e
a n d

th e

fo r

d r a fts m a n

p r e v io u s

t r a c e r )

a n d

s k ills .

T h e r e fo r e ,

p a r a b le

t o

d a ta

(c la s s e s

d e s ig n a t io n s

e m p h a s iz e
d a ta

th e

p r e s e n t e d

p r e v io u s ly

fo r

A ,

B ,

d r a fts ­

d is t in c t io n
fo r

a n y

o f

a p p e n d ix

B .

p u b lis h e d .

s w it c h b o a r d

a n d

B )

in s t e a d

T h e

23

r e v is e d

o c c u p a t i o n a l

d e s c r ip t io n s

a r e

in c lu d e d

in




Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions

The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's wage surveys is to assist its field
staff in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who am employed under a variety of payroll titles
and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits
the grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on
interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may
differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In
applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors,
apprentices, learners, beginners, trainees, handicapped, part-time, temporary, and probationary workers.

OFFICE

BILLER, MACHINE

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than
an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to
billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental
to billing operations. For wage study purposes, billers, machine, are
classified by type of machine, as follows:

Operates a bookkeeping machine (Remington Rand, Elliott Fisher,
Sundstrand, Burroughs, National Cash Register, with or without a type­
writer keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions.
Class A . Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and
experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the
structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper
records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each
phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets,
and other records by hand.

Biller, machine (billing machine). Uses a special billing ma­
chine (Moon Hopkins, Elliott Fisher, Burroughs, etc. , which are
combination typing and adding machines) to prepare bills and invoices
from customers' purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping
memorandums, etc. Usually involves application of predetermined
discounts and shipping charges, and entry of necessary extensions,
which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and
totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The oper­
ation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill
being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine.

Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of
a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic book­
keeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, cus­
tomers' accounts (not including a simple type of billing described
under biller, machine), cost distribution, expense distribution, in­
ventory control, etc.
May check or assist in preparation of trial
balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department.

Biller, machine (bookkeeping machine). Uses a bookkeeping
machine (Sundstrand, Elliott Fisher, Remington Rand, etc. , which
may or may not have typewriter keyboard) to prepare customers' bills
as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the
simultaneous entry of figures on customers' ledger record. The m a­
chine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical
columns and computes, and usually prints automatically the debit or
credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping.
Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips.




CLERK, ACCOUNTING
Class A. Under general direction of a bookkeeper or accountant,
has responsibility for keeping one or more sections of a complete set
of books or records relating to one phase of an establishment's busi­
ness transactions. Work involves posting and balancing subsidiary

25

26
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — Continued

ledger or ledgers such as accounts receivable or accounts payable;
examining and coding invoices or vouchers with proper accounting
distribution; and requires judgment and experience in milking proper
assignations and allocations. May assist in preparing, adjusting, and
closing journal entries; and may direct class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under supervision, performs one or more routine ac­
counting operations such as posting simple journal voucher;: or accounts
payable vouchers, entering vouchers in voucher registers; reconciling
bank accounts; and posting subsidiary ledgers controlled by general
ledgers, or posting simple cost accounting data. This job does not
require a knowledge of accounting and bookkeeping principles but
is found in offices in which the more routine accounting work is
subdivided on a functional basis among several workers.
CLERK, FILE
Class A . In an established filing system containing a number
of varied subject matter files, classifies and indexes file material
such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc. May
also file this m aterial. May keep records of various types in con­
junction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file
clerks.
Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer sub­
headings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids.
As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards
m aterial. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain
and service files.
Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already
been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classi­
fication system (e.g . , alphabetical, chronological, or numerical).
As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards
material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. Performs simple
clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.

C L E R K , O R D E R — Continued

to make up the order; checking prices and quantities of items on order
sheet; and distributing order sheets to respective departments to be filled.
May check with credit department to determine credit rating of customer,
acknowledge receipt of orders from customers, follow up orders to see
that they have been filled, keep file of orders received, and check shipping
invoices with original orders.

CLERK, PAYROLL
Computes wages of company employees and enters the necessary'
data on the payroll sheets. Duties involve: Calculating workers' earnings
based on time or production records; and posting calculated data on payroll
sheet, showing information such as worker's name, working days, time,
rate, deductions for insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and assist paymaster in making up and distributing pay envelopes.
May use a calculating machine.
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR
Primary duty is to operate a Comptometer to perform mathe­
matical computations. This job is not to be confused with that of statis­
tical or other type of clerk, which may involve frequent use of a Comp­
tometer but, in which, use of this machine is incidental to performance
of other duties.

DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (MIMEOGRAPH OR DITTO)
Under general supervision and with no supervisory responsibilities,
reproduces multiple copies of typewritten or handwritten matter, using a
Mimeograph or Ditto machine. Makes necessary adjustment such as for
ink and paper feed counter and cylinder sjjeed. Is not required to prepare
stencil or Ditto master. May keep file of used stencils or Ditto masters.
May sort, collate, and staple completed material.

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
CLERK, ORDER
Receives customers' orders for material or merchandise by m ail,
phone, or personally. Duties involve any combination of the following:
Quoting prices to customers; making out an order sheet listing the items




Class A . Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combina­
tion keypunch machine to transcribe data from various source docu­
ments to keypunch tabulating cards. Performs same tasks as lower
level keypunch operator but, in addition, wo:k requires application

27
K E Y P U N C H O PER A TO R — Continued

of coding skills and the making of some determinations, for example,
locates on the source document the items to be punched; extracts
information from several documents; and searches for and interprets
information on the document to determine information to be punched.
May train inexperienced operators.
Class B. Under close supervision or following specific procedures
or instructions, transcribes data from source documents to punched
cards.
Operates a numerical and/or alphabetical or combination
keypunch machine to keypunch tabulating cards. May verify cards.
Working from various standardized source documents, follows specified
sequences which have been coded or prescribed in detail and require
little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be punched.
Problems arising from erroneous items or codes, missing information,
etc. , are referred to supervisor.
OFFICE BOY OR GIRL
Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing
mail, and other minor clerical work.
SECRETARY
Assigned as personal secretary, normally to one individual. Main­
tains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day work
activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a mini­
mum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and
secretarial duties, usually including most of the following: (a) Receives
telephone calls, personal callers, and incoming mail, answers routine
inquiries, and routes the technical inquiries to the proper persons; (b)
establishes, maintains, and revises the supervisor’s files; (c) maintains the
supervisor's calendar and makes appointments as instructed; (d) relays
messages from supervisor to subordinates; (e) reviews correspondence, mem­
oranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor's signature to
assure procedural and typographic accuracy; and (f) performs stenographic
and typing work.
May also perform other clerical and secretarial tasks of comparable
nature and difficulty.
The work typically requires knowledge of office
routine and understanding o f the organization, programs, and procedures
related to the work of the supervisor.




SECRETARY— Continued
Exclusions
Not all positions that are titled "secretary" possess the above
characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the def­
inition are as follows: (a) Positions which do not meet the "personal"
secretary concept described above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in
secretarial type duties; (c) stenographers serving as office assistants to a
group of professional, technical, or managerial persons; (d) secretary posi­
tions in which the duties are either substantially more routine or substan­
tially more complex and responsible than those characterized in the def­
inition; and(e) assistant type positions which involve more difficult or more
responsible technical, administrative, supervisory, or specialized clerical
duties which are not typical of secretarial work.
NOTE: The term "corporate officer," used in the level definitions
following, refers to those officials who have a significant corporate-wide
policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title
"vice president, " though normally indicative of this role, does not in all
cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibility
is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e. g. , approve or
deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts;
directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
officers" for purposes of applying the following level definitions.
Class A
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employes, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5, 000 but
fewer than 25,000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the corporate
officer level) of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs,
in all, over 25, 000 persons.
Class B
a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a
company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer
than 5 ,0 00 persons; or

28

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL— Continued

c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level)
over either a major corporate-wide functional activity (e. g. , marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc. ) or a major geographic or
organizational segment (e. g. , a regional headquarters; a major division)
of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000
employees; or

May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine
clerical tasks. May operate from a stenographic pool. Does not include
transcribing-machine work. (See transcribing-machine operator. )
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR

Primary duty is to take dictation involving a varied technical or
specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific re­
search from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written
copy. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc.
e.
Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational
segment (e. g. , a middle management supervisor of an organizational seg­
OR
ment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company
Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater inde­
that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.
pendence and responsibility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the
following: Work requires high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy;
Class C
and a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures
and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures,
a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the def­
and responsible clerical tasks such as, maintaining followup files; assembling
inition for class B, but whose subordinate staff normally numbers at least
material for reports, memorandums, letters, etc. ; composing simple letters
several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments
from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering
which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level
routine questions, etc. Does not include transcribing-machine work.
includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or
two; or
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000
persons; or

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.
(or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than
5 ,0 00 persons.
Class D
a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational
unit (e. g. , fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
employee, administrative officer, or assistant, skilled technician or expert.
(NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as
described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker. )
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
Primary duty is to take dictation involving a normal routine vo­
cabulary from one or more persons either in shorthand or by Stenotype or
similar machine; and transcribe dictation. May also type from written copy.




Class A . Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls.. Performs full
telephone information service or handles complex calls, such as conference,
collect, overseas, or similar calls, either in addition to doing routine work
as described for switchboard operator, class B, or as a full-tim e assignment.
("Full" telephone information service occurs when the establishment has
varied functions that are not readily understandable for telephone informa­
tion purposes, e. g. , because of overlapping or interrelated functions, and
consequently present frequent problems as to which extensions are appro­
priate for calls. )
Class B. Operates a single- or multiple-position telephone switch­
board handling incoming, outgoing, intraplant or office calls. May handle
routine long distance calls and record tolls. May perform limited telephone
information service. ("Limited" telephone information service occurs if the
functions of the establishment serviced are readily understandable for tele­
phone information purposes, or if the requests are routine, e. g. , giving
extension numbers when specific names are furnished, or if complex calls
are referred to another operator. )

29
SW ITCH B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

In addition to performing duties of operator on a single position
or monitor-type switchboard, acts as receptionist and may also type or
perform routine clerical work as part of regular duties. This typing or
clerical work may take the major part of this worker's time while at
switchboard.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R — Continued

specific instructions. May include simple wiring from diagrams and
some filing work. The work typically involves portions of a work
unit, for example, individual sorting or collating runs or repetitive
operations.

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL
TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR

Class A . Operates a variety of tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines, typically including such machines as the tabulator,
calculator, interpreter, collator, and others. Performs complete
reporting assignments without close supervision, and performs difficult
wiring as required. The complete reporting and tabulating assign­
ments typically involve a variety of long and complex reports which
often are of irregular or nonrecurring type requiring some planning
and sequencing of steps to be taken. As a more experienced oper­
ator, is typically involved in training new operators in machine
operations, or partially trained operators in wiring from diagrams
and o p e r a tin g sequences of long and complex reports.
Does not
include working supervisors performing tabulating-machine operations
and day-to-day supervision of the work and production of a group of
tabulating-machine operators.
Class B. Operates more difficult tabulating or electrical account­
ing machines such as the tabulator and calculator, in addition to the
sorter, reproducer, and collator. This work is performed under specific
instructions and may include the performance of some wiring from
diagrams. The work typically involves, for example, tabulations
involving a repetitive accounting exercise, a complete but small
tabulating study, or parts of a longer and more complex report. Such
reports and studies are usually of a recurring nature where the pro­
cedures are well established. May also include the training of new
employees in the basic operation of the machine.

Class C. Operates simple tabulating or electrical accounting
machines such as the sorter, reproducing punch, collator, etc. , with




Primary duty is to transcribe dictation involving a normal routine
vocabulary from transcribing-machine records. May also type from written
copy and do simple clerical work. Workers transcribing dictation involving
a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as legal briefs or reports
on scientific research are not included. A worker who takes dictation in
shorthand or by Stenotype or similar machine is classified as a stenographer,
general.

TYPIST
Uses a typewriter to make copies of various material or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May in­
clude typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating
processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and dis­
tributing incoming mail.

Class A . Performs one or more of the following: Typing ma­
terial in final form when it involves combining material from several
sources or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctu­
ation, etc. , of technical or unusual words or foreign language ma­
terial; and planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables
to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine
form letters varying details to suit circumstances.

Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing
from rough or clear drafts; routine typing of forms, insurance policies,
e t c .; and setting up simple standard tabulations, or copying more
complex tables already setup and spaced properly.

30
P ROF E S S I ONAL

ND

T EC HNI C A L

DRAFTSMAN

DRAFTSMAN
Class A . Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having
distinctive design features that differ significantly from established
drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator,
and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of
each change on the details of form, function, and positional relation­
ships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory
assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for con­
sistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare
drawings, or direct their preparation by lower level draftsmen.
Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments
that require the application of most of the standardized drawing tech­
niques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares
working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple
functions, and precise positional relationships between components;
prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including
detail drawings of foundations, w all sections, floor plans, and roof.
Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations
to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities,
strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instructions, requirements,
and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical
adequacy.
Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for
engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types
of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three
dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning
of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details
from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required.

MA I NT E NA NC E

Continued

Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on
source materials are given with initial assignments. Instructions are
less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spot-checked
during progress.
DRAFTSMAN-TRACER
Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing
cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not
include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and
a large scale not requiring close delineation.)
and/or
Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items.
is closely supervised during progress.

Work

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill
or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation
or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations
of applicants and employees; and planning anc carrying out programs
involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant en­
vironment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety
of all personnel.

AND

P OWERPLANT

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE—Continued

Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs,
counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made
of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Plan­
ning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal
instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools,

and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations
relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the
work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires
rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.




31

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN TEN A N C E

H E LP ER , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S — Continued

Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, dis­
tribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of
electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, con­
trollers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other
transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or
other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical
system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load
requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of
electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,
the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, ma­
chine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools;
and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind
of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding ma­
terials and tools and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted
to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are
also performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

ENGINEER, STATIONARY
Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the
establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or
air-conditioning. Work involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines,
ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed
water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation
of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise
these operations. Head or chief engineers in establishments employing
more than one engineer are excluded.

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
Specializes in the operation of one or more types of machine
tools, such as jig borers, cylindrical or surface grinders, engine lathes,
or milling machines, in the construction of machine-shop tools, gages,
jigs, fixtures, or dies. Work involves most of the following: Planning
and performing difficult machining operations; processing items requiring
complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; using a variety of pre­
cision measuring instruments; selecting feeds, speeds, tooling, and oper­
ation sequence; and making necessary adjustments during operation to
achieve requisite tolerances or dimensions. May be required to recognize
when tools need dressing, to dress tools, and to select proper coolants
and cutting and lubricating oils. For cross-industry wage study purposes,
machine-tool operators, toolroom, in tool and die jobbing shops are ex­
cluded from this classification.

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which
employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or
operates a mechanical stoker, or gas or oil burner; and checks water
and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom
equipment.

HELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades,
by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping




Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work
involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and speci­
fications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating
standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making
standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds,
and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the
common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment re­
quired for his work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical
equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded
training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal ap­
prenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

32
MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (MAINTENANCE)

OILER

Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an es­
tablishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and
performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches,
gages, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts;
replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting
valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle
and making necessary adjustments; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the auto­
motive mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

Lubricates, with oil or grease, the moving parts or wearing sur­
faces of mechanical equipment of an establishment.

MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools
in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending of the machine to a machine shop for major
repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the pro­
duction of parts ordered from machine shop; reassembling machines; and
making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of
a maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout
are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying
out of the work; interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a
variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations re­
lating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; alining
and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and
parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power
transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general,
the millwright's work normally requires a rounded training and experience
in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent train­
ing and experience.




PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an es­
tablishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculi­
arities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing
surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler
in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush.
May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain
proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance
painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

PIPEFITTER, MAINTENANCE
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involve; most of the following:
Laying out of work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings
or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct
lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting
machine; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven
or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening
pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures,
flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine
whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the
maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building
sanitation or heating systems are excluded.

PLUMBER, MAINTENANCE
Keeps the plumbing system of an establishment in good order.
Work involves: Knowledge of sanitary codes regarding installation of vents
and traps in plumbing system; installing or repairing pipes and fixtures;
and opening clogged drains with a plunger or plumber's snake. In general,
the work of the maintenance plumber requires rounded training and ex­
perience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

33
TO O L A N D D IE M A K ER — Continued

S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K ER , M A IN TEN A N C E

Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establish­
ment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other
specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-metalworking machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, form­
ing, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles
as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

volves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from models,
blueprints, drawings, or other oral and written specifications; using a
variety of tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instru­
ments, understanding of the working properties of common metals and
alloys; setting up and operating of machine tools and related equipment;
making necessary shop computations relating to dimensions of work, speeds,
feeds, and tooling of machines; heattreating of metal parts during fabri­
cation as well as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities;
working to close tolerances; fitting and assembling of parts to prescribed
tolerances and allowances; and selecting appropriate materials, tools, and
processes. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires a rounded
training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

(Die maker; jig maker; tool maker; fixture maker; gage maker)
Constructs and repairs machine-shop tools, gages, jigs, fixtures
or dies for forgings, punching, and other metal-forming work. Work in­
CUS TODI AL

AND

For cross-industry wage study purposes, tool and die makers in
tool and die jobbing shops are excluded from this classification.
MA T E R I A L

MOVEMENT

ELEVATOR OPERATOR, PASSENGER

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER— Continued

Transports passengers between floors of an office building, apart­
ment house, department store, hotel, or similar establishment. Workers
who operate elevators in conjunction with other duties such as those of
starters and janitors are excluded.

or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following:
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips,
trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing
metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance
services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who
specialize in window washing are excluded.

G U A R D

Performs routine police duties, either at fixed post or on tour,
maintaining order, using arms or force where necessary. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate and check on identity of employees and
other persons entering.

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper; charwoman; janitress)
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory" working areas
and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial



LABORER, MATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; trucker; stockman
or stock helper; warehouseman or warehouse helper)
A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store,
or other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following:
Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting ma­
terials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshoremen,
who load and unload ships are excluded.

34
ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock selector; warehouse stockman)
Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform
other related duties.

PACKER, SLOPPING
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of con­
tainer employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of
items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following:
Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection
of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container;
using excelsior or other m aterial to prevent breakage or damage; closing
and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on
container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

TRUCKD RIVER
Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport ma­
terials, merchandise, equipment, or men between various types of es­
tablishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and
customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck
in good working order. Driver-salesmen and over-the-road drivers are
excluded.

For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by size and
type of equipment, as follows: (Tractor-trailer should be rated on the
basis of trailer capacity.)

Truckdriver (combination of sizes listed separately)
Truckdriver, light (under 1V2 tons)
Truckdriver, medium ( 1V2 to and including 4 tons)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, trailer type)
Truckdriver, heavy (over 4 tons, other than trailer type)

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

TRUCKER, POWER

Prepares merchandise for shipment, or receives and is responsible
for incoming shipments of merchandise or other materials. Shipping work
involves: A knowledge of shipping procedures, practices, routes, available
means of transportation, and rates; and preparing records of the goods
shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping charges,
and keeping a file of shipping records. May direct or assist in preparing
the merchandise for shipment. Receiving work involves: Verifying or
directing others in verifying the correctness of shipments against bills of
lading, invoices, or other records; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing merchandise or materials to proper departments;
and maintaining necessary records and files.

Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered
truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a
warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of truck,
as follows:
Trucker, power (forklift)
Trucker, power (other than forklift)

For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:
WATCHMAN
Receiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk




Makes rounds of premises periodically in protecting property
against fire, theft, and illegal entry.




Available On Request—
The sixth annual report on salaries for accountants, auditors, attorneys, chemists,
engineers, engineering technicians, draftsmen, tracers, job analysts, directors of
personnel, managers of office services, and clerical employees.
Order as BLS Bulletin 1469, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Tech­
nical, and C lerical Pay, February—
March 1965. 45 cents a copy.




Area Wage Surveys*
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory indicating dates of earlier studies, and the prices of the bulletins is
available on request. Bulletins may be purchased from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. , 20402,
or from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the inside front cover.
Area

Bulletin number
and price

Area

Bulletin number
and price

A k ro n , O h io, June 1 9 6 6 1_________________________________
Albany—S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N. Y . , A p r . 1966 1________
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 1 ____________________
A lle n to w n — e th le h e m — a s to n , P a .— .J ., F e b . 1966 1 __
B
E
N
A tla n ta , G a. , M ay 1 9 6 6 1--------------------------------------------------B a lt im o r e , M d. , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
B e a u m on t— o r t A rth u r— ra n g e , T e x ., M ay 1966 1 ___
P
O
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , A p r . 1966___________________________
B o is e C ity , Idah o, Ju ly 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
B o s to n , M a s s . , O ct. 1965 1 ______________________________

1 4 6 5 -8 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 2 ,

30
25
25
25
30
25
25
20
20
30

ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1 9 6 6 ____________________________
M i n n e a p o l i s — t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 --------------------S
M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , M a y 1 9 6 6 1-----N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N. J . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 1 --------------N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 1 ------------------------------------N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 ---------------------------------------N e w Y o r k , N. Y . , A p r . 1 9 6 5 1 __________________________
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h an d N e w p o r t N e w s —
H a m p t o n , V a . , J u n e 1 9 6 6 --------------------------------------------O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , A u g . 1 9 6 5 ______________________

1465-61,
1465-38,
1465-72,
1465-50,
1465-37,
1465-47,
1430-80,
1465-77,
1465-5,

20
20

B u ffa lo , N. Y . , D e c .
1965______________________________
B u rlin g to n , V t. , M a r . 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
C anton, O h io , A p r .
1966 1 ______________________________
C h a r le s to n , W. V a . ,A p r . 1 9 6 6 1_________________________
C h a r lo tte , N. C . , A p r . 1966 1------------------------------------------C h a tta n ooga , T en n . — a. , S ep t. 1 9 6 5 ___________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., A p r . 1966 1________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio— y. —
K
Ind. , M a r. 1966 *_______________
C le v e la n d , O h io, S ept. 1965--------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O h io , O ct. 1965______________________________
D a lla s , T e x . , N ov. 1 9 6 5 _________________________________

1 4 6 5 -3 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 ,
1 4 6 5 -1 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 4 ,

25
20
25
25
25
20
30
25
25
25
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
cen ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 - 13,
1465-76,
1465-35,
1465-62,
1465-46,
1465-23,
1465-73,

2 5 cen ts
25c e n ts
35c e n ts
25 c e n t s
25c e n ts
25cen ts
25c en ts

D a v e n p o rt— o c k Isla n d— o lin e , Iow a—
R
M
111. ,
O ct. 1965__________________________________________________
D ayton , O h io, Jan. 1 9 6 6 1------------------------------------------------D e n v e r, C o l o . , D e c . 1965 * --------------------------------------------D es M o in e s , Iow a, F e b . 1966 1__________________________
D e tr o it, M ic h ., Jan. 1 9 6 6 -----------------------------------------------F o r t W orth , T e x . , N ov. 1965____________________________
G r e e n B a y, W is . , A u g. 1965_____________________________
G r e e n v ille , S. C . , M ay 1966 1____________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , June 1965------------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., D e c . 1965 1----------------------------------------

O m a h a , N e b r . — w a , O c t . 1 9 6 5 1 ---------------------------------Io
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n —P a s s a i c , N. J . , M a y 1 9 6 6 1 ------------C
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — J . , N o v. 1 9 6 5 1 __________________
N.
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M a r . 1 9 6 6 1 -----------------------------------------P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 --------------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 1 9 6 5 1 ----------------------------------------P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 1 9 6 6 1----------------------------P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t —W a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
M a y 1 9 6 6 _________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N. C . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1 _____________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 1 ____________________________
R o c k f o r d , 1 1 1 . , M a y 1 9 6 6 1 -----------------------------------------------

1465-65,
1465-10,
1465-28,
1465-66,

25 c e n t s
25cen ts
30c e n ts
25c en ts

1465- 16,
1 4 6 5 -3 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 3 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 8 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 5 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 6 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 4 ,
1 4 3 0 -8 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 1 ,

20
25
30
25
25
20
20
25
25
30

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

St. L o u i s , M o . —
111. , O c t . 1 9 6 5 -------------------------------------S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , D e c . 1 9 6 5 -----------------------------------S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , J u n e 1 9 6 6 ___________________________
San B e r n a rd in o — iv e r side— n ta rio , C a lif. ,
R
O
S e p t . 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________________________
S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 6 5 ___________________________
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , J a n . 1 9 6 6 1 __________
O
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , S e p t . 1 9 6 5 * ___________________________
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 6 6 1----------------------------------------------S c r a n t o n , P a . , A u g . 1 9 6 5 1 ______________________________
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 1 ----------------------------E

1465-22,
1465-32,
1465-78,

25cen ts
20c en ts
20 c e n t s

1465-20,
1465-21,
1465-43,
1465-19,
1465-69i
1465-3,
1465-9,

30cen ts
20c e n ts
30cen ts
25c en ts
25 c e n t s
25c en ts
30c en ts

1 4 6 5 -4 4 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 7 ,
1 4 6 5 -8 0 ,
1 4 6 5 -6 ,

25
20
30
25
20

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

1 4 6 5 -5 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -5 1 ,
1 4 6 5 -7 9 ,
1 4 6 5 -2 ,
1 4 6 5 -4 2 ,
1 4 6 5 -3 0 ,

30
20
25
20
30
25

ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts
ce n ts

S i o u x F a l l s , S . D a k . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 1______________________
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 1 9 6 6 1 __________________________
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 1 9 6 6 ______________________________
T o l e d o , O h io —M i c h . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 ------------------------------------T r e n t o n , N. J . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
W a s h i n g t o n , D. C . — d . — a . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 ______________
M
V
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1 9 6 6 1 ________________________
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v. 1 9 6 5 _____________________________
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , O c t . 1 9 6 5 ______________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , J u n e 1 9 6 5 __________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 6 6 1 ---------------------------------------------------Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h io, N o v. 1 9 6 5 1 ______________

1465-17,
1465-55,
1465-75,
1465-49,
1465-34,
1465-14,
1465-52,
1465-18,
1465-11,
1430-76,
1465-40,
1465-25,

25cen ts
25c en ts
20 c e n t s
20c en ts
20cen ts
25c en ts
25c en ts
20c en ts
20cen ts
25c en ts
25c en ts
25c en ts

J a ck s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1966 1-------------------------------------------J a c k s o n v ille , F l a . , Jan. 1 9 6 6 ----------------------------------------K a n sa s C ity , M o. — a n s. , N ov. 1965 1 _________________
K
L a w r e n c e — a v e rh ill, M a s s .— .H . , June 1966 1---------H
N
L ittle R o ck — orth L ittle R o c k , A r k . , A u g. 1965______
N
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a c h and A n a h eim —
Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r. 1 9 6 6 1 ___________________
L o u is v ille , K y .—
Ind. , F e b . 1966________________________
L u b b o ck , T e x ., June 1966 1______________________________
M a n c h e s te r , N. H. , A u g. 1965___________________________
M e m p h is , Term . — r k . , Jan. 1966 1_____________________
A
M ia m i, F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 5 1------------------------------------------------M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ---------------------------------------------------

(N o t p rev iou sly surveyed)

1 D ata on establishm ent p ractices and supplem entary wage provisions are also presented.
July 1965 were en title d "O ccupational Wage Surveys."


* Bulletins dated before


25
20

20cen ts
25c en ts
25c en ts
30 c e n t s
c en ts
c en ts
40c en ts
cen ts
cen ts