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AR EA WAGE SURVEY
T h e A kro n , O hio, M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
July 1971

,

B u lle tin 1 6 8 5 - 8 7
U.S. D EPA R TM EN T OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

BUREAU

OF

LABOR

S TA TIS TIC S

R E G IO N A L

O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region I
1603-A Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Region V
219 South Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-7230 (Area Code 312)




Region II
341 Ninth Ave., Rm. 1025
New York, N .Y . 10001
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S




G e o ffre y H . M o o re , C o m m issio ner

AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e A k ro n , O hio, M etro p o litan A re a ,
July 1971

B u lletin 1 6 8 5 -8 7
November 1971
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 20402 — Price 4 0 cents




P re fa c e

C o n te n ts
Page

T h e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s p r o g r a m o f a n n u a l
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s is d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v i d e d a ta o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , a n d e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s .
It
y ie ld s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n f o r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , f o r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , a n d f o r the
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e p r o g r a m is
th e n e e d f o r g r e a t e r in s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y an d s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e a n d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n t r o d u c t io n _________________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s ______________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
le t in p r e s e n t s th e s u r v e y r e s u l t s .
A f t e r c o m p le t io n o f a ll
o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s f o r a ro u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o
s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s d a ta f o r
e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in fo r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d
f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o ­
g r a p h ic r e g io n s a nd th e U n ite d S t a te s .

A.

N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
is c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly a n d on e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

B.

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
A k r o n , O h io , in J u ly 1 9 7 1. T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a ­
t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f P o r t a g e a n d S u m m it
C o u n t ie s .
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c t e d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
o f L o i s L . O r r , A s s is t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
5

E s t a b lis h m e n t s a n d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y a nd
n u m b e r s t u d i e d __________________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s a nd s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s --------------------------------------

6

O c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1.
O f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s —m e n a n d w o m e n --------------------------------------A - 2. P r o f e s s i o n a l a nd t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —
m e n an d w o m e n _________________________________________________
A - 3. O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a nd t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d ____________________________________
A -4 .
M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s ----------------------------A - 5.
C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ------------------

11
12
13

E s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a n d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ___________________________________________________________
B -2 .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l s -----------------------------------------------------------------------B -3 .
S c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ------------------------------------------------------------B -4 .
P a id h o l i d a y s _____________________________________________________
B -5 .
P a id v a c a t i o n s ___________________________________________________
B -6 .
H e a lth , i n s u r a n c e , an d p e n s io n p la n s -----------------------------------

15
16
17
18
19
22

A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a t io n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s --------------------------------------------------------------

NOTE:
S im ila r ta b u la tio n s
a reas.
(S e e in s i d e b a c k c o v e r . )

iii

4

are

a v a ila b le f o r o t h e r

7
10

25




In tr o d u c tio n
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c t s s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
a nd r e la t e d b e n e f it s o n an a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1 In t h is a r e a , d a ta w e r e
o b ta in e d b y p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s t o r e p r e s e n t ­
a tiv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M anu­
f a c t u r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ;
w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l t r a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and
s e r v ic e s .
M a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e
g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s a nd th e c o n s t r u c t io n a n d e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r ie s .
E s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g f e w e r th an a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e
o m it t e d b e c a u s e th e y te n d t o fu r n is h in s u f f ic ie n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e
o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d to w a r r a n t in c lu s io n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u la tio n s a r e
p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d iv is io n s w h ic h m e e t p u b li­
c a t io n c r i t e r i a .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p lo y m e n t a n d e a r n in g s d a ta a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e a n d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
la te s h if t s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s an d in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s
a r e r e p o r t e d , a s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e is t o th e
s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r ) f o r w h ic h e m ­
p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y
f o r o v e r t i m e a t r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n ­
in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t im e m a y n o t r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p le , p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d
b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h ig h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e t o b e t t e r j o b s a nd b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s a t lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e
e v e n th o u g h m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u rin g
th e y e a r . T r e n d s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in ta b le
2, a r e b e t t e r in d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n in d iv id u a l j o b s w ith in
th e g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia t e w e ig h t . E s ­
t im a t e s b a s e d on th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e la t in g to a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g a n d a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e s tu d ie d .
O c c u p a t io n s a nd E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u fa c t u r in g a nd n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r i e s , a nd a r e o f th e
f o llo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n ic a l;
(3) m a in t e n a n c e a nd p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) c u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m e n t.
O c c u p a t io n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m s e t o f jo b
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n
in d u tie s w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a t io n s s e l e c t e d f o r s tu d y
a r e l i s t e d a n d d e s c r i b e d in th e a p p e n d ix . T h e e a r n in g s d a ta f o llo w in g
th e jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta f o r s o m e
o f th e o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d a nd d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s t r y d iv is io n s
w ith in o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e
e it h e r ( l ) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is t o o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n ou g h
d a ta to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e
o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta . E a r n in g s d a ta n ot s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly
f o r in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b i n e d d a ta ,
w h e r e s h o w n . L i k e w i s e , d a ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
w h e n a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f s e c r e t a r i e s o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is n ot sh o w n
o r in fo r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n o t a v a ila b le .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s a nd e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l a n d jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , th u s , c o n t r ib u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b t a in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a in ta in e d a m o n g j o b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n a n d w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s s h o u ld n o t b e
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y f o r m e n a nd w o m e n in c lu d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s in c e o n ly th e a c tu a l
r a t e s p a id in c u m b e n t s a r e c o l l e c t e d ; a n d d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r i a t e l y w ith in
th e s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g
e m p lo y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a lly m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th an t h o s e
u s e d in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

1 Included in the 90 areas are four studies conducted under contract with the New York State
Department of Labor. These areas are Binghamton (New York portion only); Rochester (o ffice occu ­
pations only); Syracuse; and Utica—Rome. In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area studies
in 77 areas at the request of the Wage and Hour Division of the U. S. Department of Labor.




O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to t a l in
a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s tu d y and n o t th e n u m b e r
a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e

1

2
a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e e s t im a t e s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ­
ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly t o in d ic a t e
th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e j o b s s tu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in
o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e d o n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e
e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s a n d S u p p le m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s
I n fo r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) o n s e l e c t e d
e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s a s th e y
r e la t e to p la n t a n d o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
D a ta f o r in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n s n ot
p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s . "
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , an d p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s , and c o n s t r u c ­
t io n w o r k e r s w h o a r e u t i l i z e d a s a s e p a r a t e w o r k f o r c e a r e e x c lu d e d .
" P l a n t w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g f o r e m e n a nd a ll n o n s u p e r v i s o r y
w o r k e r s ( in c lu d in g le a d m e n and t r a i n e e s ) e n g a g e d in n o n o f f i c e f u n c ­
tio n s .
" O f f i c e w o r k e r s " in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s a nd n o n s u p e r ­
v i s o r y w o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e la t e d f u n c t io n s .
C a f e t e r ia
w o r k e r s a n d r o u t e m e n a r e e x c lu d e d in m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r i e s , b u t
in c lu d e d in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g i n d u s t r ie s .
M in im u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s (ta b le
B - l ) r e la t e o n ly t o th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f th e o p t im u m
s a m p lin g t e c h n iq u e s u s e d , and th e p r o b a b i l i t y th a t l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s a r e m o r e l i k e l y to h a v e f o r m a l e n t r a n c e r a t e s f o r w o r k e r s
a b o v e th e s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l th an s m a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , th e t a b le is
m o r e - r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s in m e d iu m a nd l a r g e e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
S h ift d i f f e r e n t i a l d a ta (t a b le B - 2 ) a r e li m i t e d t o p la n t w o r k e r s
in m a n u fa c t u r in g in d u s t r ie s .
T h is in f o r m a t io n is p r e s e n t e d b o th in
t e r m s o f (1) e s t a b lis h m e n t p o l i c y , 2 p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s o f t o t a l p la n t
w o r k e r e m p lo y m e n t , an d (2) e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e , p r e s e n t e d in t e r m s
o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly e m p lo y e d o n th e s p e c i f i e d s h ift at th e t i m e o f the
su rv ey.
In e s t a b lis h m e n t s h a v in g v a r i e d d i f f e r e n t i a l s , th e a m o u n t
a p p ly in g to a m a j o r i t y w a s u s e d o r , i f n o a m o u n t a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y ,
th e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n " o t h e r " w a s u s e d . In e s t a b lis h m e n t s in w h ic h s o m e
l a t e - s h i f t h o u r s a r e p a id at n o r m a l r a t e s , a d i f f e r e n t i a l w a s r e c o r d e d
o n ly i f it a p p lie d to a m a j o r i t y o f th e s h ift h o u r s .
T h e s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s (t a b le B - 3 ) o f a m a j o r i t y o f th e
f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t a r e ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to
a ll o f th e p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th a t e s t a b lis h m e n t .
S c h e d u le d
w e e k ly h o u r s a r e t h o s e w h ic h a m a j o r i t y o f f u l l - t i m e e m p l o y e e s w e r e
e x p e c t e d to w o r k , w h e t h e r th e y w e r e p a id f o r at s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r
o v e r t im e r a te s .
P a id h o l i d a y s ; p a id v a c a t i o n s ; a n d h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , a nd
p e n s io n p la n s ( t a b le s B - 4 th r o u g h B - 6 ) a r e t r e a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l l y on
th e b a s i s th a t t h e s e a r e a p p lic a b le t o a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s i f

2 An establishment was considered as having a policy if it met either of the following con­
ditions: (1) Operated late shifts at the time of the survey, or (2) had formal provisions covering
late shifts. An establishment was considered as having formal provisions if it (1) had operated late
shifts during the 12 months prior to the survey, or (2) had provisions in written form for operating
late shifts.




a m a j o r i t y o f s u c h w o r k e r s a r e e l i g i b l e o r m a y e v e n t u a lly q u a lif y f o r
th e p r a c t i c e s lis t e d . S u m s o f in d iv id u a l it e m s in t a b le s B - 2 th r o u g h
B - 6 m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a ls b e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g .
D a ta o n p a id h o lid a y s (ta b le B - 4 ) a r e lim it e d to d a ta on h o l i ­
d a y s g r a n t e d a n n u a lly o n a f o r m a l b a s i s ; i . e . , ( l ) a r e p r o v id e d f o r
in w r it t e n f o r m , o r (2) h a v e b e e n e s t a b lis h e d b y c u s t o m .
H o lid a y s
o r d i n a r i l y g r a n t e d a r e in c lu d e d e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y f a l l on a n o n ­
w o r k d a y and th e w o r k e r is n o t g r a n t e d a n o t h e r d a y o ff.
The fir s t
p a r t o f th e p a id h o lid a y s ta b le p r e s e n t s th e n u m b e r o f w h o le an d “h a lf
h o lid a y s a c t u a lly g r a n t e d . T h e s e c o n d p a r t c o m b i n e s w h o le and h a lf
h o lid a y s to s h o w t o t a l h o lid a y t i m e .
T h e s u m m a r y o f v a c a t io n p la n s (ta b le B - 5 ) is l im it e d to a
s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e o f v a c a t io n p r o v i s i o n s .
It is n o t in te n d e d a s a
m e a s u r e o f the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s a c t u a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e ­
f i t s . P r o v i s i o n s o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t f o r a l l le n g th s o f s e r v i c e w e r e
ta b u la te d a s a p p ly in g to a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s o f th e e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t, r e g a r d l e s s o f le n g th o f s e r v i c e .
P r o v i s i o n s f o r p a y m e n t on
o t h e r th a n a t im e b a s i s w e r e c o n v e r t e d to a t i m e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le ,
a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s th e e q u iv ­
a le n t o f 1 w e e k 's p a y .
O n ly b a s i c p la n s a r e in c lu d e d .
E s t im a t e s
e x c lu d e v a c a t io n b o n u s a n d v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s p la n s arid t h o s e w h ic h
o f f e r " e x t e n d e d " o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e f it s b e y o n d b a s i c p la n s w ith
q u a lify in g le n g th s o f s e r v i c e . S u ch e x c l u s i o n s a r e t y p i c a l in th e s t e e l,
a lu m in u m , and c a n in d u s t r ie s .
D a ta on h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , a nd p e n s io n p la n s (ta b le B - 6 ) i n ­
c lu d e t h o s e p la n s f o r w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r p a y s at le a s t a p a r t o f th e
c o s t . S u ch p la n s in c lu d e t h o s e u n d e r w r it t e n b y a c o m m e r c i a l in s u r a n c e
c o m p a n y a n d t h o s e p r o v i d e d th r o u g h a u n io n fu n d o r p a id d i r e c t l y b y
th e e m p l o y e r ou t o f c u r r e n t o p e r a t in g fu n d s o r f r o m a fu n d s e t a s id e
f o r th is p u r p o s e . A n e s t a b lis h m e n t w a s c o n s i d e r e d to h a v e a p la n i f
th e m a j o r i t y o f e m p lo y e e s w a s e l i g i b l e to b e c o v e r e d u n d e r th e p la n ,
e v e n i f l e s s th a n a m a j o r i t y e l e c t e d to p a r t i c i p a t e b e c a u s e e m p lo y e e s
w e r e r e q u i r e d to c o n t r ib u t e t o w a r d th e c o s t o f th e p la n .
L e g a l ly
r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l s e c u r i t y ,
and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t w e r e e x c lu d e d .
S ic k n e s s an d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e is l im it e d to th a t ty p e o f
in s u r a n c e u n d e r w h ic h p r e d e t e r m i n e d c a s h p a y m e n t s a r e m a d e d i r e c t l y
to th e in s u r e d d u r in g i l l n e s s o r a c c id e n t d i s a b ilit y .
I n fo r m a t io n is
p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l s u c h p la n s t o w h ic h th e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t e s . H o w ­
e v e r , in N ew Y o r k an d N e w J e r s e y , w h ic h h a v e e n a c t e d t e m p o r a r y
d i s a b i l i t y in s u r a n c e la w s w h ic h r e q u i r e e m p l o y e r c o n t r ib u t io n s ,
p la n s
a r e in c lu d e d o n ly i f th e e m p l o y e r ( l ) c o n t r ib u t e s m o r e th an is l e g a l l y
r e q u i r e d , o r (2) p r o v i d e s th e e m p lo y e e w ith b e n e f it s w h ic h e x c e e d th e
r e q u ir e m e n t s o f th e la w .
T a b u la t io n s o f p a id s i c k le a v e p la n s a r e
The temporary disability laws in California and Rhode Island do not require employer
contributions.

3
lim ite d to fo r m a l plans 4 w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pa y o r a p r o p o r t io n o f the
w o r k e r 's pay du ring a b se n ce fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e o f illn e s s . S ep arate
ta bu la tion s a re p r e s e n te d a c c o r d in g to (1) pla n s w h ich p r o v id e fu ll pay
and no w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) pla n s w h ich p r o v id e eith e r p a r tia l pay
o r a w aiting p e r io d . In a d dition to the p r e se n ta tio n o f the p r o p o rtio n s
o f w o r k e r s w ho a r e p r o v id e d s ic k n e s s and a c c id e n t in su r a n ce o r pa id
s ic k le a v e , an u n du plica ted tota l is show n o f w o r k e r s w ho r e c e iv e
e ith er o r both ty p es o f b e n e fits.
4 An establishment was considered as having a formal plan if it established at least the
minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee.
Such a plan need not be
written, but informal sick leave allowances, determined on an individual basis, were excluded.




M a jo r m e d ic a l in su r a n ce in clu d e s th o se pla n s w h ich a r e d e ­
sig n ed to p r o t e c t e m p lo y e e s in c a s e o f s ic k n e s s and in ju r y in volvin g
e x p e n s e s b ey on d the c o v e r a g e o f b a s ic h o s p ita liz a tio n , m e d ic a l, and
s u r g ic a l p la n s. M e d ic a l in su r a n ce r e f e r s to plans p r o v id in g fo r c o m ­
p le te o r p a r tia l pa ym en t o f d o c t o r s ' fe e s .
D ental in s u r a n ce u su a lly
c o v e r s fillin g s , e x tr a c tio n s , and X - r a y s .
E x clu d e d a r e pla n s w h ich
c o v e r on ly o r a l s u r g e r y o r a c c id e n t d a m a g e.
P la n s m a y b e u n d e r­
w ritte n b y c o m m e r c i a l in su r a n ce c o m p a n ie s o r n o n p r o fit o r g a n iz a tio n s
o r th ey m a y b e p a id fo r b y the e m p lo y e r out o f a fund set a s id e fo r
th is p u r p o s e . T a b u la tion s o f r e tir e m e n t p e n s io n pla n s a r e lim ite d to
th ose pla n s that p r o v id e r e g u la r p a ym en ts fo r the r e m a in d e r o f the
w o r k e r 's life .

4

T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w o rk e rs within scope of survey and num ber studied in A kron, O hio ,1 by m ajor industry division,2 July 1971
Number o f establishm ents
Industry division

Minimum
em ploym ent
in esta b lish ­
ments in scope
o f study

W orkers in establishm ents
Within scope of study

Within scope
of stu dy3

Plant
Number

A ll d ivision s________________________________
Manufacturing___________________________________
Nonmanufacturing_______________________________
T ransportation, com m unication, and
other public u tilitie s 5 _____________________
W holesale trade -------------------------------------------R etail trad e__________________________________
Finance, insurance, and rea l es ta te _______
S ervices 8 -------------------------------------------------------

_

Studied

T o ta l4

Studied

Office

P ercent

T o ta l4

443

123

128,511

100

76, 116

22,863

91, 088

-

204
239

55
68

86,530
41,981

67
33

51, 138
24,978

15,205
7, 658

67, 919
23, 169

50
50
50
50
50

42
38
100
20
39

19
8
23
6
12

11,258
3, 171
20,326
3, 154
4, 072

9
3
16
2
3

50

4, 855
(6 )
(6 )
(7 )
(‘ )

2, 258
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

8, 658
797
10,456
1,898
1,360

1 The A kron Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A re a , as defined by the Bureau of the Budget through January 1968, con sists of P ortage and Summit C ounties. The "w ork ers within scope
of study" estim ates shown in this table provid e a reasonably accu rate d escrip tion of the size and com p osition of the labor fo r c e included in the survey. The estim ates are not intended, how ever,
to s erve as a basis of com p a rison with other em ploym ent indexes fo r the area to m easu re em ploym ent trends or levels sin ce (1) planning of wage surveys requires the use of establishm ent
data
com piled con sid era b ly in advance of the p a yroll p eriod studied, and (2) sm all establishm ents are excluded fro m the scop e of
the survey.
2 The 1967 edition o f the Standard Industrial C la ssifica tion Manual was used in cla ssifyin g establishm ents by industry division .
3 Includes all establishm ents with total em ploym ent at or above the m inim um lim itation. A ll outlets (within the area) of
com panies in such industries
astra d e, finance, autorep a ir s e rv ice ,
and m otion picture theaters are con sid ered as 1 establishm ent.
4 Includes executive, p ro fe s sio n a l, and other w ork ers excluded fro m the separate plant and office ca te g o rie s.
5 A bbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables. T axicabs and s e rv ice s incidental to w ater transportation w ere excluded. A k ro n 's lo ca l transit system is m unicipally
operated and is excluded by definition fro m the scop e of the study.
6 This industry d ivision is rep resen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tab les, and fo r "a ll in d u strie s" in the S eries B tables. Separate presentation of
data fo r this division is not m ade fo r one o r m ore o f the follow ing reasons:
(1) Em ploym ent in the division is too sm all to provid e enough data to m erit separate study, (2) the sam ple was not designed
initially to p erm it separate presentation, (3) resp on se was insufficient o r inadequate to perm it separate presentation, and (4) there is p o ssib ility of d isc lo s u re of individual establishm ent data.
7 W orkers from this entire industry d ivision are rep resen ted in estim ates fo r "a ll in d u stries" and "nonm anufacturing" in the S eries A tab les, but fro m the rea l estate portion only in estim ates
fo r "a ll in d u stries" in the
S eries B tables. Separate presentation o f data fo r this d ivision is not m ade fo r one or m o re of the reasons given in footnote 6 above.
8 Hotels and m otels; laundries said other p erson a l s e r v ic e s ; business s e r v ic e s ; autom obile re p a ir, rental, and parking; m otion p ictu res; nonprofit m em b ersh ip organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organ ization s); and engineering and arch itectu ral s e rv ice s .




A lm ost seven-tenths o f the w ork ers within scop e of the survey in the A kron area
w ere em ployed in m anufacturing firm s. The follow ing presents the m a jo r industry groups
and s p e c ific industries as a p ercen t of a ll manufacturing:
Industry groups
Rubber and p la stics p roducts___46
F abricated m etal p ro d u cts _____ 18
M achinery, except e l e c t r i c a l __11
E le c tr ic a l equipment and
supplies________________________ 8

S p ecific industries
T ire s and inner tubes__________ 40
F abricated structural
m etal products_______________ 10
Com m unication equipment____ 6
M etal stam pings_______________ 6

This inform ation is based on estim ates o f total em ploym ent d erived fro m universe
m ateria ls com p iled p r io r to actual survey. P rop ortion s in various industry d ivision s may
d iffer fro m p rop ortions based on the results of the survey as shown in table 1 above.

W a g e

T re n d s

fo r

S e le c te d

P r e s e n te d in ta ble 2 a re in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f change
in a v e ra g e s a la r ie s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e ra g e ea rn in g s o f s e le c t e d plant w o r k e r g ro u p s . The in d e x e s
are a m e a s u r e o f w ag es at a g iv en tim e , e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t o f
w a g es du ring the b a s e p e r io d .
S u btractin g 100 fr o m the in d ex y ie ld s
the p e r ce n ta g e ch an ge in w ag es f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the date o f
the in d e x .
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change o r in c r e a s e r e la te to w age
ch a n g es b etw een the in d ica te d d a te s.
Annual r a te s o f in c r e a s e , w h ere
show n, r e f le c t the am ount o f in c r e a s e fo r 12 m on th s w hen the tim e
p e r io d betw een s u r v e y s w as oth er than 12 m on th s. T h e se com p u ta tion s
w e re b a se d on the a ssu m p tion that w ages in c r e a s e d at a con sta n t rate
b etw een s u r v e y s .
T h e se e s tim a te s are m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r ­
ag es fo r the a rea ; th ey a re not in ten ded to m e a s u r e a v e ra g e pay
ch a n g es in the e sta b lis h m e n ts in the a r e a .

O c c u p a tio n a l

G ro u p s

sh ow s the p e r ce n ta g e ch a n g e.
The in d ex is the p ro d u ct o f m u ltip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y the r e la t iv e fo r the next su c ce e d in g
y e a r and con tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com p ou n d ) ea ch y e a r 's r e la tiv e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r 's in d ex .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s tr ia l n u r s e s , the w age
tre n d s re la te to r e g u la r w eek ly s a la r ie s fo r the n o rm a l w ork w eek ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a rn in g s f o r o v e r t im e .
F o r plant w o r k e r g ro u p s , they
m e a s u r e ch a n g es in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u rly e a r n in g s , ex clu d in g
p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e r t im e and f o r w o rk on w eek en d s, h o lid a y s , and
late sh ifts .
The p e r c e n ta g e s a re b a se d on data fo r s e le c t e d k ey o c c u ­
p a tion s and in clu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin
e a ch g rou p .
L im ita tio n s o f Data

M ethod o f C om putin g
The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch a n g e, as m e a s u r e s o f
change in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a re in flu e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a la r y and
w age c h a n g e s, (2) m e r it o r o th e r in c r e a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d b y in d i­
vid u al w o r k e r s w h ile in the sa m e jo b , and (3) ch a n g es in a v e ra g e
w ages due to ch a n g es in the la b o r f o r c e r e su ltin g fr o m la b o r tu rn ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n sio n s, f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and ch a n g es in the p r o p o r ­
tion s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y e sta b lis h m e n ts w ith d iffe r e n t pay le v e ls .
C h an ges in the la b o r f o r c e can c a u s e in c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout actu al w age c h a n g e s. It is c o n c e iv a b le
that ev en though all e sta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a gave w age in c r e a s e s ,
a v e ra g e w ag es m a y have d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r -p a y in g e sta b lis h m e n ts
e n tered the a r e a o r expan ded th e ir w o rk f o r c e s .
S im ila r ly , w ages
m a y have re m a in e d r e la t iv e ly con sta n t, y et the a v e r a g e s fo r an a re a
m a y have r is e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r -p a y in g esta b lis h m e n ts
e n tered the a re a .

E a ch o f the fo llo w in g key o c cu p a tio n s w ithin an o c cu p a tio n a l
g rou p w as a s sig n e d a con sta n t w eigh t b a se d on its p r o p o rtio n a te e m ­
p loy m en t in the o c cu p a tio n a l grou p:
Office clerical (men and women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Comptometer operators
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (o ffice boys or
girls)

The
p lied by the
in the g rou p
w e re r e la te d
gate fo r the

O ffice clerical (men and women)— Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Continued
Electricians
Secretaries
Machinists
Stenographers, general
Mechanics
Stenographers, senior
Mechanics (automotive)
Switchboard operators, classes
Painters
A and B
Pipefitters
Tabulating-machine operators,
Tool and die makers
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
Industrial nurses (men and
cleaners
women):
Laborers, material handling
Nurses, industrial (registered)

The u se o f con sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w eigh ts e lim in a te s the e ffe c t
o f ch a n g es in the p r o p o r t io n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n te d in ea ch jo b in ­
clu d ed in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s o f change r e fle c t on ly ch a n g es
in a v e ra g e pay fo r s t r a ig h t -tim e h o u r s .
T h ey a re not in flu e n ce d by
ch a n g es in stan dard w o rk s c h e d u le s , as su ch, o r by p r e m iu m pay
fo r o v e r t im e .
W h ere n e c e s s a r y , data w e re adju sted to r e m o v e fr o m
the in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s o f ch an ge any sig n ifica n t e ffe c t ca u se d
b y ch a n g es in the s c o p e o f the s u r v e y .

a v e ra g e (m ean) e a rn in g s fo r e a ch o ccu p a tio n w e r e m u lt i­
o c cu p a tio n a l w eigh t, and the p r o d u c ts fo r all o ccu p a tio n s
w e re tota led .
The a g g re g a te s fo r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
b y divid in g the a g g re g a te fo r the la te r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
e a r lie r y e a r .
The resu lta n t r e la t iv e , le s s 100 p e r ce n t,




5

6




T a b le 2.
Ind exes of standard w e e kly salaries and straigh t-tim e hourly earnings fo r selected occupational groups
in Akron, Ohio, in July 1 9 7 0 and July 1971, and percents of increase for selected periods
A ll industries
P eriod

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
wom en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Manufacturing
Unskilled
plant
w ork ers
(men)

O ffice
c le r ic a l
(men and
wom en)

Industrial
nurses
(men and
wom en)

Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

U nskilled
plant
w orkers
(men)

126. 6
138. 9

119. 6
131.0

119. 6
129. 3

127. 9
177. 7

119. 7
156. 7

116.4
150.4

1
0
0
9
3
6

6. 0
1.7
2. 7
3. 0
2 .9
2. 8

5. 8
1. 5
2. 4
4. 0
2. 3
1. 1

Indexes (July 1967«100)
July 1970_____ _________________________________
July 1971________________________________________

116. 5
125. 5

127. 2
139. 5

119. 8
131. 4

120. 3
131.7

115. 4
124. 7

Indexes (June 1961=100)
July 1967.........................................................................
July 1971--------------------------------------------------------------

120. 7
151.4

127. 5
178. 0

119.9
157. 6

117. 9
155.4

121. 7
151. 7

P ercents o f in crease
June 1960 to June 1961_________________________
June 1961 to June 1962--------------------------------------June 1962 to June 1963_________________________
June 1963 to June 1964_________________________
June 1964 to June 1965--------------------------------------June 1965 to June 1966--------------------------------------June 1966 to July 1967:
13-m onth in cr e a s e ___________________________
Annual rate o f in c r e a s e ---------------------------------

2
2
1
8
0
6

7. 1
3. 1
3. 0
2 .9
2. 8
3. 2

5.9
1. 7
2. 8
3. 1
3. 0
2. 8

5 .4
2. 7
3. 0
4. 9
2. 6
.7

4.
4.
3.
2.
3.
2.

4 .4
4. 1

10. 1
9. 3

5. 1
4. 7

2. 9
2. 7

4. 4
4. 1

10. 5
9. 7

5. 2
4. 8

4. 1
3. 8

July
July
July
July

5.
5.
4.
7.

10.
7.
6.
9.

5. 7
5. 5
7 .4
9. 7

5.
4.
9.
9.

4.
5.
4.
8.

11.
7.
6.
9.

5.
5.
7.
9.

6.
4.
8.
8.

1967
1968
1969
1970

to
to
to
to

July
July
July
July

1968__________________________
1969----------------------------------------1970__________________________
1971__________________________

5.
3.
3.
2.
3.
2.

3
6
8
7

8
6
7
7

3
8
0
5

4
9
2
3
1
1

7
3
7
1

7.
3.
3.
2.
2.
3.

1
5
0
7

NOTE: M ost p rev iou sly published indexes for the Akron area used June 1961 as the base p eriod .
They can be converted to the new base p e rio d by dividing them by the correspon din g index numbers for
July 1967 on the June 1961 base p eriod as shown in the table. (The resu lt should be m ultiplied by 100.)

9
2
4
5

0
2
2
1

7
A .

O c c u p a t i o n a l

T a b le A-1.

e a r n i n g s

O f fic e o cc u p a tio n s —men and w o m e n

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Akron, Ohio, July 1971)
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
$

Number
of
woikers

Average
weekly
Mean *

Median ^

Middle range2

(standard)

$

t

$

$

$

$

$

*

t

t

*

$

*

t

$

S

*

t

75

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

ioveq

7
5

Under
70
$
and
70
under

75

14

9

4

7

6

8

5
4

9

14

7

2

7

3

7

17

5

3

4
4

15
8

1
1

7
7

3

1

9
5

4
4

and

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

68
57

40.0
40.0

f m o o
172.50

5« .o o
165.00

147.00— 197.50
146.00-197.00

C L E R K S , O R D E R ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

74
39

40.0
40.0

157.00
173.00

163.00
172.50

126.00-178.00
158.50-197.50

-

-

*

-

~

-

M E S S E N G E R S (OFFICE BOYS) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

91
67

39.5
40.0

95.50
92.00

94.00
89.00

86.50-105.00
85.00-101.00

-

2
2

4
4

10
10

25

6

9

24

6

3

11

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
M A C H I N E ) -----------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

47
38

40.0
40.0

103.50
104.00

91.00
90.50

78.00-145.50
78.00-146.50

2
2

4
2

10
10

6
4

1
1

4
4

3

1
1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S A ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

68
30

40.0
40.0

123.00
123.50

122.00
119.00

116.00-135.50
115.50-135.50

“

“

“

“

“

“

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
C L A S S B ------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

98
57
41

40.0
40.0
39.5

98.50
100.50
95.50

98.00
98.50
97.50

93.50-103.00
93.50-106.00
93.50-101.50

3
2

30
16

27
14

1

14

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

442
318
124

40.0
40.0
39.5

139.50
148.00
118.00

143.00
151.00
115.00

4
4

6

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

523
334
189
79

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

110.50
113.50
105.00
115.50

4

2

*

2

-

1

3

13

12

6

3

2

2

2

7

1
1

3

WOMEN

28

A ------------------

*

CLASS

O

FILE,

o

CLERKS,

_

_

_

-

-

-

“

9
8

3
3

1
1

22

22

13

4

13

4

3

4

1

21
9

7
6

6
6

2
2

-

13

12
17
6

19
2
17

41
6
35

51
27
24

69
24
45

54
37
17

59
48
11

79

_

1

13
6
7

_

2

5

”

_

“

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

44
34
10

77
64

78
77

61
59

22
22

2
2

1
1

3
3

13

1

2

*

27
24

31
19

24
24
-

3

-

3

-

3

-

1

_

-

-

121.50-157.50
137.50-161.50
107.50-127.50

-

2
-

_

-

-

2

-

-

~

107.00
110.00
102.00
120.50

96.50-123.50
97.50-128.00
96.00-120.50
103.00-124.50

7
7
-

8
8
-

7
-

8
8
-

42

-

“

-

39
26
13
1

9

62
37
25
8

6

9

43
36
28

1

12
12

119.00

117.50

101.00-139.00

-

-

-

-

1

4

2

1

3

3

6

2

2

3

1

72.50-102.00
88.00-112.00
69.50- 93.50
97.00-129.50

*38
38

16
16

20
4
16

9
6

14
11

18

7
4

-

2

3
3

15
9

-

3

2
2

-

5

9
4
5
5

2

3
3

5
5
-

-

19
7
12
-

18
5
13

-

23
3
20
-

*

82.00
83.00

3
2

72
26

9
6

22
19

12
5

3

1

1

4
4

12
4
8

7

6

19
19

-

-

-

-

1

-

2
2

4

-

1
1

9

-

-

4

-

-

7

6

“

*

6

8

7

*

2
2

8
5
3
”

2
1
1

6

27
18
9

27
17
10

8

14

31
20
11

31
22
9

22
21

5

31
15
16

21

4

4

4

3

12

4

6

1

-

1

-

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

88.50
101.00
84.50
110.00

86.00
100.50
80.00
107.00

C L ER KS , FILE, CL AS S
NONMANUFACTURING

C --------------------------------------

124
59

39.5
38.5

77.50
77.00

74.00
76.50

C L E R K S , O R D E R -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

78
31
47

39.0
39.5
38.5

103.50
108.00
101.00

102.00
103.00
93.50

87.00-116.50
101.00-105.00
84.50-117.50

-

1
-

-

1

C L E R K S , P A Y R O L L --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

267
170
97
51

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

129.50
132.00
124.50
136.50

130.00
136.00
125.50
132.50

103.50-153.00
103.00-156.50
105.00-141.50
125.50-163.50

-

2
2
-




1

2

-

198
52
146
32

* Workers were distributed as follows:

3
“

5

C L E R K S , F I L E , C L A S S B -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ------------------

See footnotes at end of tables.

1

72.0072.50-

21 at $60 to $65; and 17 at $65 to $70.

7

4
2

22
20
5

u

3

3

1
1
*

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

—

-

-

“

“

*

—
“

1

2
1

6

3

7

7

1

29
15
14
14

11
9
2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

8
8
-

—
-

1
1
-

—
-

-

-

-

*

8

Table A-1. Office occupations—men and women----Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, A k r o n ,
Weekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

Number
of
woikers

Number
*

Average
weekly

Under
Mean 2

M edian 2

(standard)

70

75

*
80

of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of-

S
85

*
90

$
95

$
100

$
105

70

-----------------------------------

77

4 0 .0

$
1 1 5 .0 0

$
1 1 4 .0 0

$
$
9 9 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

28
49

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0

1 3 6 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 1 6 .0 0

80

85

90

95

100

O PE R A T O R S

-

-

-

6
-

-

2
-

14

11

-

-

-

6

-

2

3
11

l
10

-

7
7

33

48

22
11

22
26

29

39
17

A ------------------

344

3 9 .5

1 3 0 .5 0

1 2 6 .0 0

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0

-

-

-

-

_

10

MA N UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF A CT URI NG -----------------------------------------

237

4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 6 0 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

8

~

-

2

KEY PUNCH

KEY PUNCH

OPERA TOR S.

OPERA TOR S,

CL ASS

-

B ------------------

257

4 0 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

1 0 4 .0 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

159
98

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .5 0
9 9 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 1 8 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

------------------------

41

3 9 .5

9 5 .5 0

9 6 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0

---------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,5 9 0
1 ,1 8 6
404

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 3 9 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 1 9 .0 0 -1 6 0 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 2 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 8 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0

1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

S E CRE T A RIE S

(OFFICE

CLA SS

107

MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA N UF A CT U RI NG ----------------------------------------M ES S E N G E R S

GIRLS)

MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

157

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A -------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

140
115
25

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0
1 5 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 4 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 3 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 7 8 .0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S B -------------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NU FA C TU RI NG ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

381
310
71

3
4
3
4

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C -------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

614
477
137
55

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S D --------------------------------MA N UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

397
226
171

P UBLIC

UTILITIES

31

1
-

105

110

47

33

35

12
9

12
9

t
180

$
190

$
200

210

and

170

180

190

200

210

-

-

-

-

3

28
20

11
10

17
16

20

8
8

1
1

1
1

10
7
3

15
14

23
19
4

33
25
8

20
19
1

9
8
i

3
3

1

~

10
9
i

117
116
1
1

33
31
2
1

10
9

9

5
5
-

21
3
18
18

170
139

207
154
53

-

-

-

2

31
4

22

70
16

-

_

_

_

_

.0
.5
.0
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

6
6
5
8

7
8
2
5

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

3 9
4 0
3 9
4 0

.5
.0
.0
.0

1
1
1
1

3
3
3
4

3
4
0
8

.0
.0
.0
.5

0
0
0
0

1 3 2 .0
1 3 3 .0
1 2 9 .0
1 5 0 .0

0
0
0
0

1
1
1
1

1
2
1
2

9
0
2
3

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

-1
-1
-1
-1

4
4
3
8

5
5
9
2

.0
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 9 .0 0

1 0 2 .5 0 -1 3 1 .5 0
1 0 8 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0

4
-

2
-

1 1 0 .0 0
1 5 9 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 -1 4 0 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

4

-

_

-

1
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

5
5

“

_

2
8
6
0

—

_
-

1
-

2
2
-

5
4

1

-

1
-

3
-

1

3

5
-

2

13
1
12

5

1
6

-

-

-

-

-

11
3
8

1

2
1
1

i

-

2
-

6
6

1
-

3
“

2

-

1

3

1
1
-

1
1
-

5
4

10
9
i
i

14
8
6
4

52
27
25
3

48

i

5

72
64
8
8

10

28
16
12
4

31
27
4

82
64
18
3

118
94
24
10

132
99

95
90
5
4

55
50
5
5

16
12
4
4

31
18
13
3

32

74
52

38
29
9

29
19

7
3
4

28

20
12

72
60
12

-

-

49

46
41

138

2
8

-

-

1 3 1 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 4 5 .5 0
1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 8 .5 0

-

-

1 2 7 .0 0
1 3 5 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
1 2 0 .5 0 -1 4 0 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

2

7

41
19

13
3
10

22

_

-

-

-

_

_

25
7

-

-

-

2

36
26
10

~

-

-

58
39
19
4

5
5
-

8
8
-

7
7
-

5
5
-

16

26

16

47

16
-

-

-

-

-

-

20
6
4

11
5
3

41
6
6

7
5

47

5

113
25

3

3

523
415

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

-----------------------------------

108
54

3 8 .5
4 0 .0

S W I T CH B OA R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S A ---------MA N UF A CT U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

40
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 4 2 .5 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

_

_

-

-

1 4 2 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

1
1

S W IT C HB O AR D

63
47

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

8 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

8 6 .5 0
8 2 .0 0

7 6 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0
6 5 .0 0 - 9 2 .0 0

*14

1
1

5
5

11
11

3

8

1

3

3

5

3
2




40
20

70
51
19

4
4
3
4

2 at $ 6 5 to $ 7 0 .

70
10
8

60
35

1
1
1
1

and

60

36
35

6
18

0
0
0
0

to $ 6 5 ;

202
166

18
16

24

23

.0
.0
.5
.0

12 at $ 6 0

156
138

80

153
35
17

10
2
8

53
30

8

-----------------------------------

foll ow s:

188

155

8
-

1
14

-

distributed a s

225

15

2

-

at e n d of t a bl es

-

2
-

-

were

_

-

4

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

-----------------------------------------

_

4
-

54

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

_

1

-----------------------------------

B ----------

-

-

3

2
-

CLASS

-

-

-

3

1
1
-

O PE RATOR S,

-

-

-

12

1
1
1
1

1 3 2 .5 0

-

1

3

7

1

U TILITIES

1

-

3

22

1
-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------------

-

19
19

6

9

0
0
0
0

1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0

8

40
1
6

8

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 8 .5 0

-------------------------------------------------

41

32
1

4

16

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0

SE NIOR

33

-

4

5

1 1 6 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0

U TILITIE S

-

3

1
1

5

3

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 2 .5 0

fo ot no te s

t
170

5

3

.0
.5
.0
.0

1 5 0 .5 0

32
24

21

30
21
9

2

5
7
5
7

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

40
19

2

5
5
4
5

1 1 8 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .5 0

50
22
28

1

1
1
1
1

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

8

-

.5
.0
.5
.0

8
1
0
4

8

7
3

25
8

1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0

Workers

t
160

3
3

10

2
7

12
17

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

*

160

9

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

See

t
150

150

13

33
17

125

P UBLIC

f
140

3
10

13
8

9
0
8
0

5
6
4
5

-

10
6
4

504
379

M A N UF A CT U RI N G

140

1
2

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , GEN ERA L --------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ------------------------ ----------------

UTILITIES

STENOGRAPHERS,

130

3

58

PUBLIC

120

7
2
5

-----------------------------------

PUBLIC

t
130

CONTINUED

MA NU FA C TU R IN G ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG -----------------------------------------

COMPTOMETER

120

“

75

WOMEN -

$

I
110

and
under

$

Middle range2

t

*

O h i o , J u l y 19 7 1 )

14

2

_

_

2
2

1

22
8

33
5

8

_
-

12

117
97
20
16

64
64
-

80
71
9

21
16

~

6

5
5

3
3

10
4

14
10

2
2

14
14

101
45

-

5
3

6
3

li
2

3

1

26
14
12

2
7
7

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

_

-

1
-

-

-

-

-

3
3
-

-

_
-

2
2
-

6
6
-

i
i

“

1
27
27

1
3
3

31
17

22
13

-

10
8

4

94
72

56
13

31
17

_

_

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

i
-

_

“
2
2
-

7
7
-

-

-

2
2

-

i
i
_

-

-

_
-

-

-

9

Table A-1. Office occupations—men and women----Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, A k r o n ,
Weekly earnings *
(standard)

Sex,

occupation,

and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
woikers

Num ber
$

Average
weekly

Under
Mean 2

Median ^

Middle range2

*
70

(standard)

t
70

176
71

3 9 .5

receivin g straig h t-tim e
t

S

*

w eekly e a rn in gs of—
*

t

$

$

$

»

*

$

S

100

105

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

80

85

90

95

100

105

110

120

130

160

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

iover|

12

11
8

36

11
2
9

2
2
-

-

-

-

.

_

.

-

-

-

-

and

-

-

6

-

7

7

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

15

-

0
0
0
0

3
-

2
-

7
-

2
-

6
-

8
7

60
18

3

2

7

2

1

*

-

*

6
1
5
2

“

22
10

8 3 .0 0 -1 0 9 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 3 .5 0

16
-

7 6 .0 0 - 9 8 .0 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0

16

35
7
28

56
13
61

15
10
5

51
30
21

1 1 0 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0
1 0 5 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 -1 1 9
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 6
9 6 .0 0 -1 1 6
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 1 9

622
226
196

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 9 .0

63

6 0 .0

of tables.

-

1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 7 .0 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------------------------

f o o t no te s at e n d

-

3 9 .5
6 0 .0
3 8 .5
6 0 .0

-----------------------------------

-

2
25
6

9 5 .5 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 6 7 .0 0

100
67

-----------------------------------------

10
8

1 0 5 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

UTILITIES

12
-

18
16
6

27

-

6
6
-

18

6

1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 3 .0 0

265
165




*
95

6
-

6 0 .0
6 0 .0

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See

$
90

-

1 2 2 .0 0

66
62

PUB LIC

of w orkers

85

-

9 5 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 0 .0 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

TRA N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E OPE RA TOR S,
G E N E R A L ----------------------------------------------------------------------M AN UF ACT URI NG -------------------------------------------------

N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG

$
1 0 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0

-----------------------------------

U TILITIES

$
1 0 9 .0 0

1 1 3 .0 0
1 1 7 .5 0

105
30

6 0 .0
3 9 .5
6 0 .0

T Y P I S T S , CL ASS A
M AN UF ACT URI NG

$

80

C O N TI N U E D

SWI TC HB O AR D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T S M AN UF ACT URI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------PUBLIC

*

75

and
under
75

WOMEN -

$

O h i o , J u l y 19 7 1 )

1 0 6 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 6 .5 0
1 1 5 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
8 9 .0 0
1 1 6 .0 0

1 1 0 .0 0
9 7 .5 0
1 0 5 .0 0
8 6 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

.0
.0
.5
.0

36
6
28

32
16
18

6

10

11

63
33
10
9

15
2

12
6

2
-

1

13
6

8
8

2
2

11
9

1
1

3
2

6
6

-

58
32
26

76
56
18

26
22

20
17

5
6

7
6

2
1

15

2
2

3
3

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

12
66
33
13
9

68
66
6

15
13

18

11
11
-

6

-

6

-

3

2

3
3

9
27
6

2
2

2

12
6
6

-

7
7

6

1

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-

-

-

*

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

Table A-2.

Professional and technical occupations—men and women

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1971)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Number
$

%

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly

*

$

$

S

of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s of1

1

*

S

t

i

$

$

S

$

$

$

*

t

*

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

90

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y di vision

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2 30

240

250

260

270

280

over

$
$
1 4 9 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0
1 5 6 .0 0 -1 8 6 .0 0

-

-

3

5

1

2

5

1

-

2

2
2

-

2

80
M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

(standard)

and
under

MEN

$
COMPUTER

OPE RA TOR S,

MA NU FA C TU R IN G

CLA SS

A

------------------

-------------------------------------------------

44
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$

1 6 7 .0 0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0

-

1

-

3

8

9

7

-

-

-

1

5

7

6

5
5

11
6

13

4

2

3

17
17

3

7

3

2

1
1

9

3
3

3

_

2

“

~

1

1
1

~

9
7

6
6

4

9

4

9
7

12
9

10
4

10
4

6
4

14

13
13

12
12

4
4

5
3

5
4

i
i

2
2

B ------------------

71

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 4 .5 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

_

-

1

-

14

-------------------------------------------------

48

4 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 6 1 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 6 9 .5 0

-

-

-

-

4

C -------------------

43

4 0 .0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0

1

-------------------------------------------------

31

4 0 .0

1 2 3 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

1

6
5

6
4

6
6

7
7

A --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

75
67

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 4 .0 0
2 2 6 .5 0

2 2 8 .5 0
2 3 1 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0 -2 4 9 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0 -2 4 9 .5 0

COMPUTER P RO GR A ME RS ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B ------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

84
61

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 6 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0
2 0 9 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 1 7 .5 0
1 8 7 .5 0 -2 2 1 .0 0

COMPUTER

OPE RA TOR S,

MA NU FA C TU R IN G
COMPUTER

OPE RA TOR S,

M AN UF A CT U RI NG
COMPUTER

CLA SS

CLA SS

i

-

COMPUTER P R O GR A ME RS ,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S C -------------------------------------------

11

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

~

“

~

“

_

4
3

1

-

1

-

1
1
-

1
1

6
6

13
13

5
4

3
3

1
1

-

_

“

8

-

1

2

9
8

4
3

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------

34
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .5 0

1 6 1 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 8 0 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S
B U S I N E S S , CLASS
MA NU FA C TU R IN G

ANALYSTS,
A --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

87
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 6 5 .5 0
2 6 6 .0 0

2 6 3 .5 0
2 6 4 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0 -2 9 4 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0 -2 9 5 .0 0

2
2

COMPUTER S Y S T E M S
B U S IN E S S , CLASS
MA NU FA C TU R IN G

ANALYSTS,
8 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

30
28

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 2 .0 0
2 4 3 .5 0

2 4 7 .0 0
2 4 7 .0 0

2 1 9 .0 0 -2 6 7 .0 0
2 2 1 .0 0 -2 6 8 .0 0

2

405
383

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 9 9 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0

1 9 3 .5 0
1 9 1 .0 0

1 7 5 .5 0 -2 1 1 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0 -2 0 9 .5 0

_

-------------B --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

294
279

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0 -1 9 2 .5 0
1 5 0 .0 0 -1 9 0 .5 0

_

1 6 6 .5 0

C

199
168

4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 0 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 7 .5 0

8
8

-------

74

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

71

4 0 .0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 6 .0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

1 7 6 .0 0

1 6 4 .5 0 -1 8 3 .0 0

DRA FTSMEN,

CLASS

MA NU FA C TU R IN G
DRA FTSMEN, CL A S S
MA NU FA C TU R IN G
DRA FTSMEN,

CLASS

M AN UF A CT U RI NG

A

---------

*

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

i

IN D U S T R IA L

Workers

were

(R E G I S T E R E D !

di s t r i b u t e d a s

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d of tablei




follows:

18 at $ 2 8 0 to $3 00 ;

7 at $ 3 0 0 to $3 2 0 ;

and

_

5

12
12

7
3

7
6

8
8

32
* 28

6

1
1

3
3

3
2

4

6

4

2
2

3
3

4
4

22

17
17

38
38

67
67

65
65

64
60

50
42

37
34

21
14

7
7

5
5

4
4

4
4

33

5
5

3
3

1
1

2
2

i
i

-

1
1

17
17

21
21

32
32

56
56

25
23

28
28

31

34
32

36
27

2
2

4
4

23
19

44
41

35
31

27
19

21
14

21
16

1
1

4
4

1
1

5
5

6
5

15
15

23

15

3

4

1

23

15

2

4

1

3 at $ 3 2 0 to $3 4 0 .

~

2
2

-

1

~

_

3
3

“
8
8

i
i

“

_

_

2
2

~

_

8
8

11

11

2

-

11

WOMEN

*

-

P RO GR A ME RS ,

B U SIN E SS , CLASS
MA NU FA C TU R IN G

NURSES,

1
1

-

_

22

-

1
1

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , pro fessio n al, and te c h n ic a l o cc u p a tio n s —m en and w o m e n com bined

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings for selected occupations studied on an area basis by industry division, Akron, Ohio, July 1971)
Average
Occupation and industry division

Number
0f
workers

Weekly Weekly
hours > earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS

Average
Occupation and industry division

49
40

$
SECRETARIES --------------------------40.0 105.00
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------40.0 106.00
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS A -----------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

68
30

40.0 123.00
40.0 123.50

98

40.0 98.50
57 40.0 100.50
41 39.5 95.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A --------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONMANUF AC TU RI NG
----------------

510
375
135

40.0 144.00
40.0 151.50
39.5 122.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ---------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

544
351
193
83

40.0 111.00
40.0 114.00
39.5 105.50 SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 --------------40.0 116.00
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------40.0 119.00
PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS

A --------------

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S - CONTINUED

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS,
CLASS B -----------------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------

Number
of
workers

28

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S
1,594
1,188
406
159

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

381
310
71
31

39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0

155.00
157.50
145.00 C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------157.00
MANU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

616
478
138
56

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

398
226
172
59

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

133.00 COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------134.00
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------130.50
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------149.00
C O MP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------118.00
MANUFA CT UR IN G
119.00
117.00 COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
151.00
BUSINESS, CL AS S A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------112.50
112.50 C O MP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
113.00
BUSINESS, CLASS B ------------------128.00
MA NU FA CT UR IN G
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
-------------131.50
132.00 COMP UT ER PROGRAMERS,
129.50
BUSINESS, CL AS S C ------------------132.50
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

505
380
125
54

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C -------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG --------------------

124

39.5
59 38.5

CLERKS, ORDER -----------------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

152
70
82

39.5
40.0
39.0

523
415
108
54

39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

285
181
104
58

40.0
40.0
39.5
40.0

344
237
107

KEYP UN CH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MA NUFACTURING --------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

257
159
98

ME SS EN GE RS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLS)MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

132

See footnotes at end of tables.




41

77.50 STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------------77.00
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------129.50
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S
144.00
117.50 SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS A ----MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------131.00
134.00 SW IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ----125.00
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------136.50
SW IT CH BO AR D O P ER AT OR -R EC EP TI ON IS TS 1 1 5. 00
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------133.00
NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------105.00
PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S

39.5 130.50 TABULA TI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
40.0 136.50
CL AS S C ----------------------39.0 117.50
T R A N SC RI BI NG -M AC HI NE OPERATORS,
40.0 106.50
GE NE RA L ----------------------40.0 111.50
MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------39.5
99.00
TYPISTS, CLASS A --------------------39.5
95.50
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------91 40.0
92.50
N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------38.5 102.00
PUBLIC U T IL IT IE S

44
32

40.0 143.50
40.0 144.00

63
47

39.0
39.0

176
71
105
30

39.5
40.0
39.5
40.0

39.5 98.00
40.0 105.50
39.0 89.50
40.0 116.00

44
34

40.0 167.00
40.0 172.50

83
50
33

40.0 149.00
40.0 159.50
39.5 134.00

50
32

40.0 123.50
40.0 122.50

81
72

40 .0 222.50
40.0 225.50

106
79
27

40.0 192.50
40.0 198.00
39.5 177.50

70
61

40.0 170.50
40.0 172.50

87
75

40.0 265.50
40.0 266.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

30
28

40.0 242.00
40.0 243.50

412
390

40.0 198.50
40 .0 198.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

305
290

40.0 170.00
40.0 169.00

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S C ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G

211
178

40.0 143.00
40.0 141.00

40.0 118.50

64
42

40.0 112.50
40.0 123.00
39.5
40 .0
38.5
40.0

$

426
227
199
46

89.50
82.00 C O MP UT ER SYSTEMS
ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CL AS S B ------------------109.00
MA NU FA CT UR IN G
104.00
112.50 DRAFTSMEN, CL A S S A ------------------122.00
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

28

265
165
100
47

Weekly
Weekly
hours 1 earnings 1
(standard) (
standard)

- CONTINUED

TYPISTS, CLASS B --------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

40.0 168.00
40.0 170.00
39.5 159.50

39.5
89.00 STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -------------54 40.0 102.00
MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------146
39.0 84.50
NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------32
40.0 110.00
PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

139.00
142.50
129.00
153.50

141
116
25

200

77 40.0
28 40.0
49
40.0

$

Number
of
workers

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------OCCUPATIONS
SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------MA NU FACTURING --------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS B -------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

CO MP TO ME TE R OP ERATORS -----------------MA NUFACTURING -----------------------NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

Average
Occupation and industry division

112.51
117.OC
10 4 . 5C
115.00

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL IREGISTEREDI ---MANUFA CT UR IN G

74
71

40.0 174.50
.0 175.00

40

1 2

Table A-4.

Maintenance and powerplant occupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s st u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, A k r o n ,

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a rn in gs of—

Hourly earnings3

Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

$
4.80

4.90

$
5.00

S
5.2C

$
1
5.40 5.60

i
5.80

o
CD

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

Under^*
t
and
3* 30 under

4.90

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

over

-

18
15

-

9
8

-

-

63
62

-

-

-

-

29
28

13
13

87
81

18
-

57
57

-

-

194
193

_

-

_

-

-

-

4
4

11
11

11
11

55
55

3
3

_

_

8
8

13
13

_

8
8

_

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

“

10
10

-

-

-

'

-

-

-

-

_

48
48

_

30
30

_

27
27

_

_

_

_

-

-

~

$
3.50

$
3.60

3.70

$
3 .80

S
3.90

$
4 .00

S
4.10

$
4.20

$
4.30

$
4.40

*
4. 50

$
4.60

3.50

3.60

3.70

3.80

3 .90

4.00

4 .10

4.20

4.30

4.40

4.50

4. 6 0

4.70

-

3
2

-

-

-

4
4

16
16

19
18

9
9

-

~

1
-

-

-

-

26
25

-

21
21

34
33

56
54

16
16

-

-

10
10

39
39

12
12

3
3

4
4

3
3

_

_

-

~

15
15

4
4

24
24

9
9

“

s

$
4.70

«r

3.40

S
3.40

-

S

Number
workers

O h i o , J u l y 1971)

t

HEN

1*4
136

$
4.77
4.78

$
4.95
5.00

$
4.454.46-

$
5.06
5.06

560
530

4.84
4.83

4.89
4.88

4.494.48-

5.07
5.06

-

6
6

-

2
2

_

-

1
1

4.89
4.89

5.12
5.12

4.454.45-

5.25
5.25

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

-

-------------------------------------------------

142
142

F I R E M E N , S T A T I O N A R Y B O I L E R --------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------

54
50

4.66
4.72

4.76
4.78

4.284.33-

4.88
4.89

_

4

_

H E L P E R S , MA IN TE NA N CE T R A D E S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------

134
131

3.72
3.74

3.63
3.63

3.553.55-

3.70
3.70

14
12

M A C H I N I S T S , M AI N T E N A N C E -----------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

222
222

4.58
4.58

4.54
4.54

4.054.05-

5.01
5.01

-

_

_

_

~

*

-

-

-

-

30
30

3
3

8
8

13
13

9
9

4
4

10

-

_

-

-

-

-

CA RP E NT E RS,

M A I N T E NA N CE

M AN UF A CT U RI NG
ELECTRICIANS,

MA IN TE NA N CE

MA NU FA C TU R IN G
ENGINEERS,

------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------

ST A T IO NA RY

MA NU FA C TU R IN G

------------------------

-----------------------------------

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

~
_

"

52
52

“

1
1

11
11

_

_

_

*

“

4
4

_

559
154
405
395

4.82
4.71
4.86
4.88

4.91
4.86
4.92
4.92

4.574.264.674.69-

5.05
5.08
5.01
5.03

M E C H A N I C S , M A I NT E NA N CE -------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

907
891

4.75
4.76

4.90
4.91

4.444.45-

5.06
5.06

M I L L W R I G H T S --------------------------------------------------------------MA NU FA C TU R IN G -------------------------------------------------

11B
118

4.91
4.91

4.95
4.95

4.454.45-

5.34
5.34

P A I N T E R S , M AI N T E N A N C E ----------------------------------M A N UF A CT U RI N G -------------------------------------------------

97
89

4.63
4.68

4.89
4.92

4.144.16-

5.03
5.04

*

“

474
474

4.88
4.88

5.01
5.01

4.504.50-

5.06
5.06

-

-

“

5.04
5.04

5.015.01-

5.08
5.08

_

-

-

-

-------------------------------------------------

4.95
4.95

TOOL AND D I E MAKERS ----------------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG -------------------------------------------------

587
587

5.34
5.34

5.63
5.63

5.035.03-

5.66
5.66

-

-

-

10
10

1

“

113
113

P IPEFITTERS,

M AI N T E N A N C E

MA NU FA C TU R IN G
SH EET -METAL

See

-------------------------------------------------

WORKERS,

M AN UF A CT U RI NG

fo ot no te s

---------------------------

MAINTENANCE

at e n d of tables.




—

-

-

“

8
8

2
2

-

-

-

1
1

15
15

-

36
36

16
16

2
2

8
6
2

-

3
2

55
32
23
20

22
22

34
34

12
12
12

38
11
27
27

10
5
5
4

7
7

145
145

22
22

41
41

-

2
2

-

_

-

-

_

_

1
1

“

-

60
60

117
31
86
86

-

-

2
2

119
119

16
16

352
352

6
-

78
78

_

_

_

8
8

51
51

_

-

10
10

-

-

-

-

_

_

21
20

8
8

_

-

239
239

20
20

13
13

-

81
81

8
8

-

_

37
37

_

40
40
1
1

_

8
8

_

14
13

4
4

4
1

5
5

4
3

-

-

-

9
9

i
i

14
14

27
27

78
78

7
7

1
1

1
1

71
71

~

5
5

-

16
16

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2
2

-

5
5

26
26

45
45

_

_

1
1
48
48

-

-

-

44
28
16
16

-

“

-

4
4

134
10
124
124

60

-

-

5
5

“

-

21
17
4
4

40

“

2
2

-

-

3

_

*
-

-

-

26
26

3
-

3

1

4
4

_

1

-

-

~

35
35

M E C H A N I C S , A U T O MO T I VE
( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ------------------------------------------------------M AN UF A CT U RI NG ------------------------------------------------N ON MA NUF ACT URI NG ----------------------------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------------

_

-

-

19
19
-

-

-

6
6

-

-

403
403

2
2

13
Table A-5.

Custodial and material movement occupations

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, A k r o n ,
Hourly earnings ^

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

r

$

$ '■»

1.70

1.80

1.90

2.00

*
2.20

1,70

1,80

1*90

2.00

2.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

2

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

i

Ohio, July 1971)

58

58

9

52
52

“

3
3

-

-

-

1.60
M fian 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

»
i
s
2.40 2.60 2.80

*
I
3.00 3.20

i
i
3.40 3.60

t
3.80

t
I
4.00 4.20

I
4.40

$
t
4.60 4.80

I
t
5.00 5.20

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

12
9
3

18
6
12

12
8
4

8
8
“

6
3
3

4
4

88
88

80
80

3

-

8

2

1

3

81

63

I
5.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

86
86

14
14

21
21

-

-

-

86

14

*
5.60

21

and
under
5.60

5.80

MEN
$

$

£02

T *07
O.00
Z Art

$

1.0 f
1*Q

1.78

2.06

202

4.0-.

4.11

3.87

4.26

$

2

58

56

9

-

-

*

~

“

GUARDS
“

WATCHMEN
3.47

2.97-

4.05

3.37

3.83

2.63-

4.13

2*2^

1*77
3.05-

2*59
3.69

2

PORTERS,

AND

CLEANERS

----

1,662

U I 1 L 1 1l t o

3.45
L 17

▲

92C
672
UKUtK

40
1,738

rUOLlu

2*0"’
3.63

' 6 3
5.12

5 2 3
5.26

11

t *2?

r ILLtKj
-

PACKERS,

KtLtlVINb

S H I P P I N G ------------------------

LLtKK5

151

ire
*43

4.12

3.72
3*76

-

-

6

6

-

6

2

1

7

17

40
15
25

71
39
32

83
49
34

39
22
17

28
28
-

111
92
19
1

96
72
24
21

176
175
1
1

613
610
3
3

47
47

4
4

a

58
48
10
6

31
31

15
-

10
6
4

115
38
77

32
29
3

49
48
1

29
24
5

199
142
57
51

113
110
3
3

212
212

120
10
110
-

62
62

-

15

127
125
2

-

-

-

8

2

_

2

-

“

35
25
10

30
2
28

147
3
144

-

8

6
4
2

36

“

10
9
1

_
-

4.24

121
20
101

4.94

-

9

1

-

18

5
4

2
2

20
20

-

-

2

-

-

20
18
2

2
2
~

7
6
1

55
48
7

6

17
3*^1
4.24-

^

4.37

4 14
5.29

^

4.04

332

68
68

10

JANITORS,

3.43-

\*

4 0 1

71
14
57

76
76

48
48

33
-

33

3*C5

*

12
8
4

10
10
”

_
-

TRUCK0RIVERS,

MEDIUM

11-1/2

HEAVY

(OVER

4

^06




“

-

65
65

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

1
1
“

_
-

-

-

-

17
16

1
1

11
11

8
8

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

-

78
6
72

353
63
290
290

199
24
175

24
6
18
6

39
39
39

96
96
-

439
439
439

30
30
30

_

-

53
53
-

28
28

36
36

19
19

77
5

5
3

32
-

5
-

-

40
40

2
-

-

-

-

-

_

6

3
3

24
24

1
1

324
36
288
288

129
21
108

4
4
-

315
315
315

30
-

-

-

19
6
13
1

39

6

30
30

-

289
189
100

59
59
-

_

-

38
38
38

-

-

-

“

*

30
30

6
6

39
39

6
6

4
4

3 "9 6
^*79
4.85

4*60
5.20

-

T * Aft

at e n d

~

-

-

TONS,

799
673

fo ot no te s

-

“

“

“

TO

?nr

See

-

-

-

?* ??

err

TRUCKDRIVERS,

-

-

-

41
41

3.96

-

3

78
72
6

t .13
3 *?t

-

of tables.

5.10

5.22

1*06

4*^ft
4*07
5.28

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
10
-

30
30
-

-

21
19
2

T.57
3*^7

-

-

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61
57
4

• T0

-

-

10

14
14

5.26

-

~

1
1

72

42
42

f
4.37

-

“

-

_

?*?n
5.22

-

1
1
“

-

1

-

-

39
38
1

-

4.

580
580
580

12
9
3

5.22

4.24

-

21
3
18

_

4.21-

44
6
38
38

15
9
6

13
12

3.04

-

-

2
2
“

4
2

4.45

-

-

13
13

3.74

_

-

-

15
6

4.49

_

-

-

1

1,568

_

-

-

-

1 07^
1?noA
804

------------------------------

-

36

-

-

-

-

72

TRUCKDRIVERS

-

-

-

29
29

55

-

-

133
91
42

51
51
-

13
11

40
40
-

25
25
-

-

47
47

93
93
-

-

233
225
8
-

-

39
39

180
180
-

48
48
48

_

-

-

-

-

_

~
-

14
T a b le A - 5 .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a te r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s ----- C o n tin u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s for s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y division, A k r o n ,
Hourly earnings3

S e x , o c c u p a t i o n , a n d i n d u s t r y divi si on

of
w o liters

S
1.60
Mean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

-

$
1.70

*
1.80

$
1.90

$
2.00

s
2.20

$
2.40

$
2.60

S
2.80

t

%

*
3.60

t
4.20

4.40

*
4.60

*
4.80

*
5.00

t

3.80

t
4.00

t

3.20

$
3.40

t

3.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

1.80

1.90

2.00

2.20

2.40

2.60

2.80

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4.40

4.60

4.80

5.00

5.20

5.40

5.60

5.80

-

60
60

-

1
1

~

-

-

6
6

2
“

90
90

105
105

-

1
1

-

-

-

~

“

“

24
24

72
72

16
16

6
6

-

_

_

_

t

t

and
under
1.70

MEN

O h i o , J u l y 19 71 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s of—

CONTINUED

TR UCKERS, PO WE R (OTHER TH AN
F O R K L I F T ) ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------

265
263

$
3.97
3.97

$
4.36
4.37

$
3.893.88-

$
4.44
4.44

568
146

2.41
3.73

2.00
3.93

1.763.65-

2.98
3.98

151
114

2.87
2.81

2.74
2.69

2.622.61-

2.89
2.89

“

”

WOMEN

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

PACKERS,

SHIPPING

S e e fo o tn o te s




------------------------

at end o f t a b le s .

78
-

113
-

71
2

21
-

1

_

75
6

12
-

-

28
3

37
4

4

16
16

8
8

60
56

33
15

10
10

8
8

5
3

21
11

“

15

B.

Establishm ent practices and supplementary w age provisions

Table B-1.

Minimum entrance salaries for women office workers

(D istribution of establishm ents studied in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s by m inim um entrance salary fo r selected categories
of inexperienced women office w ork ers, A kron, Ohio, July 1971)
Other inexperienced c le rica l w orkers

Inexperienced typists

M i n i m u m w e e k l y straight-time s a l a r y 4

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 of—

All
industries

All
schedules

Manufacturing

N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

Manufacturing

40

All
schedules

All
industries

All
schedules

40

Nonmanufacturing

B a s e d o n s t a n d a r d w e e k l y h o u r s 6 of—
All
schedules

40

40

s t u d i e d ________________________________________

123

55

XXX

68

XXX

123

55

XXX

68

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g a s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m __________________

34

17

17

17

14

58

24

24

34

29

$ 6 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 5 . 0 0 ________________________________________
___
$ 6 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 6 7 . 5 0 _______________________________
$ 6 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 0 . 0 0 --------------- ---------------------$ 7 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 2 . 5 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 5 . 0 0 ______________________________________
$ 7 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 7 7 . 5 0 --------------------------------- ---$ 7 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 0 . 0 0 ________________________________________
$ 8 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 2 . 5 0 ___________________ ~
- —
--$ 8 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 5 . 0 0 _____________________ ______
- —
$ 8 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 8 7 . 5 0 ---------------------------------------$ 8 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 0 . 0 0 ______________________
____________
$ 9 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 2 . 5 0 ____________________________
- ---$ 9 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 5 . 0 0 ---------------------------------------____
$ 9 5 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 9 7 . 5 0 ____________________________
$ 9 7 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 0 . 0 0 -------------------------------------$ 1 0 0 . 0 0 a n d u n d e r $ 1 0 2 . 5 0__ ____ ____________________ —
_
—
$ 1 0 2 . 5 0 a n d u n d e r $ 105.00...-----------------------------------

2
-

1
2
1
-

1
2
1
-

1
-

1
-

4
2
-

2
2

3
3
4
3
-

3
2
2
3
-

1
3
2
2
1
-

1
3
2
2
1
-

3
-

1
1
1

1
1

1
1

4
2
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
-

2
1
2
2
1
2
1
1
-

*

*

$
$
$
$
$

1 1 0 . 00__--------------------------- — ---1 1 5 . 0 0 _____________________________________
----------------------------120.00..
1 2 5 . 0 0 ----------- ----------------------130.00
_
_
------------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

2

1

1

-

-

-

-

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s h a v i n g n o s p e c i f i e d m i n i m u m ----------------

12

9

XXX

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h i c h did not e m p l o y w o r k e r s
in this c a t e g o r y —
------------- —
----- ----------------

77

29

XXX

Establishments

105.00
110.00
115.00
120.00
125.00

and
and
and
and
and

under
under
under
under
under

$
$
$
$
$

See footnotes at end of tables.




6
3
1
6
2
3
3
1
-

1
-

1
-

3
1
2
1
5
2
1
1
2
1
-

3
1
2
-

1

1

-

-

4
3
7
4
2
4
1
7
3
3
3
3
3
1
1
1

-

-

1

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

1
2

-

-

-

1
3
2

-

-

1
2

1
2

3

XXX

27

19

XXX

8

XXX

48

XXX

38

12

XXX

26

XXX

1
2
1
1

2
1
2
1
1

1
5
3
1
1
2
1
-

2
-

1

16




Table B-2.

Shift differentials

( L a t e - s h i f t p a y p r o v i s i o n s f o r m a n u f a c t u r i n g p l a n t w o r k e r s b y t y p e a n d a m o u n t o f p a y di ff er en ti al ,
A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 1971)
^ A l l j D l a n t _ ^ o r k e r s _ i r w n a n u f a c t u r i n g _ = ^ ) O j D e r c e n t } _ ^ _ i _ _ _ _ _ >__> _ _ _ _ _ _ _ >_ _ _ _ _ _ >_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
^
_
P e r c e n t of m a n u f a c t u r i n g plant w o r k e r s —

In establishm ents having p rovision s 7
fo r late shifts

L a te-sh ift pay p rovision

Second shift

T otal_____________________________

________

97. 7

T hird o r other
shift

92. 7

A ctually working on late shifts
Second shift

22. 7

T hird o r other
shift

11. 8
_

No pay d ifferential fo r w ork on late s h ift______

7. 1

1. 2

1. 4

Pay differential fo r work on late sh ift- _______

90. 6

91. 4

21. 3

11. 8

Type and amount o f differential:
U niform cents (p er hour)___ ____________

69.9

64. 5

14. 3

8. 3

5 c e n ts --------------------------------------------------6 c e n ts _____ ___________________ ____
7 c e n ts _____________ -________________ _
7 V cents
2
_
- 8 c e n ts _________________________ ______
9 c e n ts _________________________________
10 cen ts------------------------------------------------11 cen ts------------------------------------------------12 cen ts________________________________
15 cen ts------------------------------------------------20 cen ts. ---------------- --------------------------30 cen ts-------------------------------------------------

4. 8
17. 6
8. 4
.5
17. 5
.6
12.9
1. 4
2. 3
3. 6

.9
4. 2
1. 5
. 1
3. 1
. 1
2. 7
.5
.7
.6

-

1. 2
21. 5
17. 2
1. 6
7. 8
2. 3
7. 1
3. 5
2. 3

-

_
4. 2
2. 3
.2
.2
. 1
.6
.5
.2

U niform p erce n ta g e ----------------------------------

19. 0

19. 0

6. 7

3. 3

5 p ercen t
7 p e r c e n t______________________________
7 V p ercen t------------- ---------------------------2
10 p ercen t----------------------------------------------

18. 2

-

6. 5

-

-

1. 3
7. 7
10. 0

-

-

-

.8

-

-

-

.

3

1.9
1.4

F orm a l paid lunch p e rio d ________________

.6

-

.2

-

Full days' pay fo r reduced hours!-------------

-

6. 0

-

.2

Other form a l pay d ifferen tial____________

1. 1

1.9

. 1

. 1

See

footnotes

at

end

of tables.

17

Table B -3.

Scheduled weekly hours

(P ercen t distribution of plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry d ivision s by scheduled weekly hours of fir s t-s h ift w o rk e rs, A kron, Ohio, July 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

Weekly hours
A ll industries

Manufacturing

100

100

1
2
21

A ll w ork ers---------------------------

6




A ll industries

100

100

1
28
3

57
3
5
1
2
2

See footnote at end of tables

P ublic utilities

54
2
8
1

1

_
78
(’ )
22

3

4
8
(’ )
86
1
(»)

Manufacturing

100

_
1
99
(9)

P ublic utilities

100

_
_
_
_
100

_

18

Table B-4.

Paid holidays

( P e r c e n t d i s t r i b u t i o n of p l a n t a n d o f fi ce w o r k e r s i n all i n d u s t r i e s a n d i n i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s b y n u m b e r

of p a i d h o l i d a y s p r o v i d e d a n n u a l l y ,

Akron,

Plant w o r k e r s

Ohio,

J u l y 1971)

Office w o r k e r s

Item
All industries

A l l w o r k e r s __________________

Manufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

All industries

Manufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

___________________

100

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
p a i d h o l i d a y s ___________ ______________________________

98

100

100

100

100

100

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s p r o v i d i n g
n o p a i d h o l i d a y s ______________________________________

2

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

-

-

-

-

-

"
1
-

(!)

(9 )
7
1
6

3
1
5

2

1
-

(9 )
20
24

(9 )
"
6
31

Number

of d a y s

1 h o l i d a y ____________________________________________ ..
2 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
3 h o l i d a y s _______________________ __________________
5 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
_________________
6 h o l i d a y s ____________________________
6 h o l i d a y s p l u s 1 o r 2 h a l f d a y s __________________
7 h o l i d a y s _______________________________
—
__________
7 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s __________________________
7 h o l i d a y s pl us 3 half d a y s —
--- -----------------8 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s ________________________________________________
9 h o l i d a y s pl us 1 half d a y _
_
—
.
___
1 0 h o l i d a y s ____________
_
_ _________________________
1 0 h o l i d a y s p l u s 2 h a l f d a y s ------------------------11 h o l i d a y s ----------------------------------------------12 h o l i d a y s _______________________________________________

(9 )
30
(9 )
6

44
~
1
9

71
13
15

(9 )
7
1
11
(9 )
1
13
29
1
33
2
3

(9 )
3
(9 )
2
40

26
5
48
3

49
-

17

-

4

-

T o t a l h o l i d a y t i m e 10
12 d a y s
11 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________________________
1 0 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________
_______________
9 Vz d a y s o r m o r e ______________ —
_______ _______
9 d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________ .
8 V i d a y s o r m o r e ______________________________________
8 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
7 d a y s o r m o r e _________________________________________
6 l d a y s or m o r e _
/i
_
_______
___
_____________
6 d a y s o r m o r e _______________ _____________________
5 d a y s or m o r e .
______________________________________
3 d a y s o r m o r e . . _____________________________________
2 d a y s o r m o r e ________________________
______________
1 d a y o r m o r e ______________________
________

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




6
7
37
37
61
61
81
88
88
95
95

97
97
98

9
10
53
53
84
84
91
97
97
100
100
100
100
100

15
15
28
28

99
99
99
99
100
100
100
100

3
5
37
38
67
68
81

93
93

99
99
99
100
100

4
4
53
53
93
93
95
98
98
100
100
100
100
100

_
17
17
17
20
25
73

99
99
100
100
100
100
100

19

Table B-5.

Paid vacations

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry divisions by vacation pay p ro v is io n s , A kron, Ohio, July 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice workers

V acation p olicy
A ll industries

A ll w ork ers--------------------------------------------------

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100
69
31

100
59
41

100
100
-

100
90
10

100
85
15

100
100
-

"

"

“

5
-

2
15
14

1
17
14

10
21

Method o f payment
W orkers in establishm ents providing
paid vacations_________________________________
L en g th -of-tim e paym ent________________ __
Percentage payment_________________________
W orkers in establishm ents providing
no paid vacations______________________________

~

Amount o f vacation pav 1
1
A fter 6 months o f s e rv ice
Under 1 week------------------------------------------------------1 week___________________________________________
Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ----------------------------------

_

_

3
12
1

2
14
-

63
(’ )
36

51
1
48

90
10

1?
83

7
93

47
53

41
2
57

47
3
50

17
83

5
(9)
95

5
(9 )
95

3
97

9
8
82
1

8
12
79
1

100
-

9
8
83
1

7
12
80
1

1
55
2
42

1
49
2
48

A fter 1 year o f s e rv ice
1 week---------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------A fter 2 years o f se rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
O ver 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________
A fter 3 yea rs o f serv ice
1 week------ ---------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e e k s ---------------------------------2 w eek s __________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e ek s ______________________
3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

_
-

(9)

_

(9 )

97
3
(9)

96
4
(’ )

98
2

A fter 4 yea rs o f se rv ice
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------Over 1 and under 2 w e ek s ______________________
2 w e e k s . ________________________________ _____
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ---------------------------------3 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

_
100
-

(9)

(9)

97
3
(9)

96
4
(9)

(9)
48
1
51

(9)
30
(9)
69

_

98
2

A fter 5 vea rs o f s e rv ice
1 w eek. ---------------------------- ---------------- — -----2 w e e k s _________________________________________
Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s ______________________
3 w e e k s __________________________________________

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s,




_
100
-

_
98
-

2

20

Table B-5.

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and office w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by vacation pay p ro v is io n s , A kron, O hio, July 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice w orkers

V acation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

(9)
9
8
78
(9)
4

_
6
12
79
3

_

100
“

(9)
5
1
88
3
3

(9)
3
2
87
4
4

_
(9)
99
“

(9)
8
8
79
(9)
5

_
5
12
80
4

_
100
-

(9)
4
1
89
3
4

_
2
2
87
4
5

_
(9)
99
-

_
47
53
“

(9 )
2
40
2
55
1

(9)

_
(9)

25
2
71
1

68
32
_

-

(9)
2
12

_
(9)
4

_
(9)

-

-

-

-

31

99

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

Amount o f vacation pay 1 — Continued
1
A fter 10 yea rs o f s e rv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s -------------------------------------------- ---------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _____________________
3 wppks
_ _ _ _____
Over 3 and under 4 weeks - -----------------------------4 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------A fter 12 yea rs o f s e rv ice
1 week___________________________________________
2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s _________________ —
3 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ------------------ — ____
4 w e e k s _________________________ _____________
A fter 15 yea rs o f s e rv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s --------------------------------------------------------------Over 2 and under 3 w e e k s --------------------------------3 w e e k s ------------------------------------ ----------- ---- —
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 w e e k s ___ _____ _____________ ____ _
5 w e e k s -------------------------- ------ --------------------------

(9)
5
(9)
48
2
44
"

_
2
1
44
2
51
~

_

A fter 20 vears o f s e rv ice
1 week-----------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s _________________________________________
3 weeks
___
_
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s --------------------------------4 weeks
_
_____
Over 4 and under 5 weeks — ________________
5 weeks _________________________________________
6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------

(9)
4
22
(9)
35
(9)
38

_
1
22
1
25

93

-

-

-

-

-

52

7

45
(9)

64
i

-

(9)
1
11
37
(9)
50
(9)

_

-

(’ )
3
30
(’ )
66
1

(9)
-

41

-

"

A fter 25 vears o f s e rv ice
1 week_________________________________________
2 w e e k s _________________________________________
3 w e e k s ___________ __ _ _
_____ .. _ _ ___
Over 3 and under 4 w eek s --------------------------------4 w e e k s _________ ___________________________ __ _
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s _____________ ______
5 w e e k s ______________ _

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




(9)
4
21
(9)
29
1
45

-

1
20
1
23
1
55

_
70
30

79
21

21

Table B-5.

Paid vacations---- Continued

(P ercen t distribution o f plant and o ffice w orkers in all industries and in industry division s by vacation pay p ro v is io n s , A kron, Ohio, July 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice w orkers

V acation p olicy
A ll industries

Manufacturing

(9)
4
21
(’ )
24
1
23
27

_
1
20
1
17
1
20
41

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

P ublic utilities

Amount o f vacation pav 1 — Continued
1
A fter 30 vea rs of s e rv ice
1 week
Z weeks -____ ___________ ___________
3 w e e k s --------— ____________
.-„ _ _—
Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 w eek s __________________________________________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w e e k s __________________________________________
6 w e e k s ----------------------------------------------------------------

_
49
51
-

n
i
11
33
n
12
42

_

n
3
27
(9)
8
61

_
(9)
59
41
-

Maximum vacation available
1 week------------------------------------------------------------------2 w e e k s __________________________________________
3 w e e k s ------- -----------------------------------------------------Over 3 and under 4 w e e k s ______________________
4 weeks ___________________ __________ _________
Over 4 and under 5 w e e k s ______________________
5 w eek s ________________ _______ _
6 w e e k s ---------------------------------------------------------------O ver 6 w eeks------------------------------------------------- —— -

See footnotes at end o f tables.




(’ )
4
21
(’ )
24
1
23
27

_
1
20
1
17
1
20
41

_
-

49
51
-

(9)
1
11
33
12
42
(9 )

(9 )
3
27
8
61

(9)
59
41
-

22

Table B-6.

Health, insurance, and pension plans

(P ercen t of plant and office w orkers in a ll industries and in industry d ivision s em ployed in establishm ents providing health, insurance, or pension benefits, A kron, Ohio, July 1971)
Plant w orkers

O ffice w orkers

Type of benefit and financing 1
2
A ll industries

Manufacturing

A ll w ork ers---------------------------------------------------

100

100

W orkers in establishm ents providing at
lea st 1 of the benefits shown b e lo w ___________

P ublic utilities

A ll industries

Manufacturing

Public utilities

100

100

100

100

99

100

100

99

100

100

L ife in su ra n ce_______________________________
N oncontributory p lan s____________________
A ccidental death and dism em berm en t
insurance-----------------------------------------------------N oncontributory plan s____________________
Sickness and accident insurance or
sick leave or both 13________________________

98
86

99
95

100
100

99
87

99
92

100
99

82
72

90
86

79
74

81
71

84
78

77
70

95

99

95

84

85

90

Sickness and accident insurance_________
N oncontributory plan s_________________
Sick leave (full pay and no
waiting period)------- ---------- -----------------Sick leave (partial pay or
waiting period) _________________________

85
79

99
94

73
73

70
63

83
77

69
68

8

1

21

67

77

60

9

3

23

5

"

21

H ospitalization insurance------------------------------N oncontributory plan s____________________
S urgical insurance___________________________
N oncontributory p lan s____________________
M edical in su ra n ce___________________________
N oncontributory plan s_________________ M ajor m ed ica l in su ra n ce----------------------- ---N oncontributory plan s____________________
Dental in su ra n ce_____________________________
N oncontributory plan s_________
- -------R etirem ent pension------ -------------------------N oncontributory p lan s____________________

98
88
97
87
93
84
48
34
10
10
89
85

99
95
99
95
96
93
37
33
-

100
94
100
94
100
90
97
72
45
45
95
95

99
83
99
83
98
81
69
38
3
3
93
84

99
93
99
93
99
93
56
37
1
1
98
87

100
92
100
92
100
85
99
67
7
7
83
83

See footnotes at end of tables.




95
94

23

Footnotes

A l l o f t h e s e s ta n d a r d f o o t n o t e s m a y n o t a p p ly to t h is b u lle t in .

1
S ta n d a r d h o u r s r e f l e c t th e w o r k w e e k f o r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at
r e g u la r a n d / o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , a n d th e e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to t h e s e w e e k ly h o u r s .
2
T h e m e a n is c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h j o b b y t o t a lin g th e e a r n in g s o f a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s . T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s
p o s i t i o n — h a lf o f th e e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e i v e m o r e th a n th e r a t e s h o w n ; h a lf r e c e i v e l e s s th an th e r a te s h o w n . T h e m id d le r a n g e is d e fin e d b y
2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u r t h o f th e w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th a n th e lo w e r o f t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u r t h e a r n m o r e th an th e h ig h e r r a te .
3
E x c l u d e s p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , a nd la te s h ift s .
4
T h e s e s a l a r i e s r e la t e t o f o r m a l l y e s t a b lis h e d m in im u m s t a r t in g (h ir in g ) r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s th a t a r e p a id f o r s ta n d a r d
w ork w eek s.
5
E x c l u d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l j o b s s u c h a s m e s s e n g e r o r o f f i c e g i r l .
6
D a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s c o m b i n e d , a nd f o r th e m o s t c o m m o n s ta n d a r d w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
7
I n c lu d e s a ll p la n t w o r k e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s , and e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r la te
s h if t s , e v e n th o u g h th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w e r e n ot c u r r e n t l y o p e r a t in g la t e s h if t s .
8
L e s s th an 0 .0 5 p e r c e n t .
9
L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
10 A l l c o m b i n a t i o n s o f f u ll a nd h a lf d a y s th a t a d d to th e s a m e a m o u n t a r e c o m b i n e d ; f o r e x a m p le , th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to t a l
o f 9 d a y s in c lu d e s t h o s e w ith 9 f u ll d a y s a nd n o h a lf d a y s , 8 f u ll d a y s an d 2 h a lf d a y s ,, 7 f u ll d a y s an d 4 h a lf d a y s , and s o on . P r o p o r t i o n s th en
w e r e c u m u la te d .
11 I n c lu d e s p a y m e n t s o t h e r th an " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " s u c h a s p e r c e n t a g e o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n t s , c o n v e r t e d to an e q u iv a le n t
t im e b a s i s ; f o r e x a m p le , a p a y m e n t o f 2 p e r c e n t o f a n n u a l e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 w e e k 's p a y . P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e w e r e c h o s e n a r b i t r a r i l y
a nd d o n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e f l e c t th e in d iv id u a l p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n . F o r e x a m p le , the c h a n g e s in p r o p o r t i o n s in d ic a t e d at 10 y e a r s ' s e r v i c e
in c lu d e c h a n g e s in p r o v i s i o n s o c c u r r i n g b e t w e e n 5 a n d 10 y e a r s . E s t im a t e s a r e c u m u la t iv e . T h u s , th e p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r
m o r e a ft e r 10 y e a r s in c lu d e s t h o s e e l i g i b l e f o r 3 w e e k s ' p a y o r m o r e a ft e r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
12 E s t im a t e s l i s t e d a ft e r ty p e o f b e n e f it a r e f o r a l l p la n s f o r w h ic h at l e a s t a p a r t o f th e c o s t is b o r n e b y th e e m p lo y e r . " N o n c o n t r ib u t o r y
p la n s " in c lu d e o n ly t h o s e p la n s fin a n c e d e n t i r e l y b y th e e m p l o y e r . E x c l u d e d a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d p la n s , s u c h a s w o r k m e n 's c o m p e n s a t io n , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , a nd r a i l r o a d r e t ir e m e n t .
13 U n d u p lic a t e d t o t a l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s i c k le a v e o r s i c k n e s s a n d a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e s h o w n s e p a r a t e ly b e lo w . S ic k le a v e p la n s a r e
li m i t e d t o t h o s e w h ic h d e f in it e ly e s t a b l i s h at l e a s t th e m in im u m n u m b e r o f d a y s ' p a y th a t c a n b e e x p e c t e d b y e a c h e m p lo y e e . I n fo r m a l s i c k le a v e
a llo w a n c e s d e t e r m i n e d on an in d iv id u a l b a s i s a r e e x c lu d e d .







Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

The p rim ary purpose o f preparing job d escrip tions fo r the B ureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field staff in cla ssifyin g into appropriate
occupations w orkers who are em ployed under a va riety of p a yroll titles and d ifferent w ork arrangem ents from establishm ent to establishm ent and
from area to area. This perm its the grouping of occupational wage rates representing com parable job content. B ecause of this em phasis on
interestablishm ent and interarea com parability of occupational content, the Bureau’ s job d escrip tions m ay d iffer significantly fro m those in use in
individual establishm ents or those prep ared fo r other purp oses. In applying these job d escrip tion s, the B ureau's field econ om ists are instructed
to exclude working s u p ervisors; apprentices; le a rn e rs; beginners; tra in ees; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p orary, and p robationary w orkers.

O F F IC E
CLERK, ACCOUNTING— Continued

BILLER , MACHINE

P osition s are cla ss ifie d into levels on the b asis of the follow ing definitions.

P rep a res statements, b ills , and invoices on a m achine other than an ordinary or e le c tr o m atic typew riter. May a lso keep re co rd s as to billings or shipping charges or p e rfo rm other
cle r ic a l w ork incidental to billing operations. F or wage study purp oses, b ille r s , m achine, are
cla ss ifie d by type of m achine, as follow s;

C lass A . Under general supervision, p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
require the application of experien ce and judgment, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p ro ce ssin g c o m ­
plicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial va riety of
p re s crib e d accounting cod es and cla ssifica tio n s, o r tracing transactions through previous
accounting actions to determ ine source of d iscrep a n cies. May be a ssisted by one or m ore
cla ss B accounting cle rk s.

B ille r, m achine (billing m achine). U ses a special billing m achine (Moon Hopkins, E lliott
F ish er, B urroughs, e tc., which are com bination typing and adding m achines) to p rep are bills
and in voices from cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs , internally p repared o rd e rs , shipping m em o­
randums, etc. U sually involves application of predeterm ined discounts and shipping ch arges,
and entry of n ecessa ry extensions, which m ay o r m ay not be com puted on the billing m achine,
and totals which are autom atically accum ulated by m achine. The operation usually involves
a large number of carbon cop ies of the b ill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold
m achine.

C lass B . Under clo s e supervision, follow ing detailed instructions and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m ore routine accounting c le r ic a l operation s, such as posting to
le d g e rs, ca rd s, or w orksheets where identification of item s and location s o f postings are
cle a rly indicated; checking a ccu ra cy and com pleten ess of standardized and repetitive re co rd s
o r accounting docum ents; and coding docum ents using a few p re s crib e d accounting codes.

B ille r, m achine (bookkeeping m achine). U ses a bookkeeping m achine (Sundstrand, Elliott
F ish er, Remington Rand, e tc., which m ay or may not have typew riter keyboard) to prepare
cu stom ers’ b ills as part o f the accounts receiva ble operation. G en erally involves the sim ulta­
neous entry of figu res on cu stom ers' led ger record . The m achine autom atically accum ulates
figu res on a number of v ertica l colum ns and com putes, and usually prints autom atically the
debit o r credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge o f bookkeeping. W orks fro m uniform
and standard types of sales and credit slips.

CLERK, FILE
C lass A . In an established filing system containing a number of va ried subject m atter
file s , cla ss ifie s and indexes file m aterial such as corresp on den ce, rep orts, technical d ocu­
m ents, etc. May also file this m aterial. May keep re co rd s of various types in conjunction
with the file s. May lead a sm all group of low er le v e l file cle rk s.

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

C lass B . S orts, co d e s, and file s u n classified m aterial b y sim ple (subject m atter) head­
ings or partly cla ss ifie d m aterial b y finer subheadings. P re p a re s sim ple related index and
c r o s s -r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requested, loca tes cle a rly identified m aterial in file s and forw ards
m aterial.
May p e rfo rm related cle r ic a l tasks required to maintain and se rv ice file s.

Operates a bookkeeping m achine (Remington Rand, E lliott F ish er, Sundstrand, B urroughs,
National Cash R egister, with or without a typew riter keyboard) to keep a re co rd of business
transactions.

C lass C . P e rfo r m s routine filing of m aterial that has already been cla ss ifie d or which
is ea sily cla ss ifie d in a sim ple se ria l cla ssifica tio n system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ronological,
o r num erical). A s requested, loca tes read ily available m aterial in file s and forw ards m a­
te ria l; and m ay fill out withdrawal charge. P e rfo r m s sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks r e ­
quired to maintain and s e rv ice file s.

Class A . Keeps a set of record s requiring a knowledge of and experien ce in b asic
bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia rity with the structure of the p articular accounting system
used. D eterm ines p rop er record s and distribution o f debit and credit item s to be used in each
phase of the w ork. May prepare consolidated rep orts, balance sheets, and other re co rd s
by hand.
C lass B . Keeps a re c o rd of one o r m ore phases or sections of a set of re co rd s usually
requiring little knowledge of b a sic bookkeeping. Phases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a yroll, cu stom ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type of billing d e scrib e d under b ille r ,
m achine), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory co n tro l, etc. May check o r a ssist
in preparation of tria l balances and p rep are con trol sheets fo r the accounting department.
CLERK, ACCOUNTING
P e rfo r m s one or m ore accounting cle r ic a l tasks such as posting to reg isters and led gers;
recon cilin g bank accounts; verifying the internal con sisten cy, com p leten ess, and m athem atical
a ccu ra cy of accounting docum ents; assigning p re s crib e d accounting distribution co d e s; examining
and verifying for cle r ic a l accu ra cy various types of rep orts, lists, calculation s, posting, e tc.;
or preparing sim ple or assisting in preparing m ore com plicated journal vou chers. May w ork
in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The w ork req u ires a knowledge of c le r ic a l m ethods and o ffice p ra ctice s and p roced u res
which relates to the cle r ic a l p rocessin g and record in g of transactions and accounting inform ation.
With exp erien ce, the w orker typically b ecom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and proced u res used in the assigned w ork, but is not required to have a knowledge o f the form al
p rin cip les of bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE;

CLERK, ORDER
R eceives cu sto m e rs' ord e rs fo r m ateria l o r m erchandise by m ail, phone, o r personally.
Duties involve any com bination of the follow ing; Quoting p r ic e s to cu stom ers; making out an ord er
sheet listing the item s to make up the o rd e r; checking p rice s and quantities of item s on ord er
sheet; and distributing o rd e r sheets to resp ectiv e departments to be filled . May check with credit
department to determ ine credit rating of cu stom er, acknowledge receip t o f ord ers fro m custom ers,
follow up ord ers to see that they have been fille d , keep file of ord ers receiv ed , and check shipping
in voices with origin al ord e rs.
CLERK, PA YR O LL
Computes wages of com pany em ployees and enters the n e ce ssa ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties involve: Calculating w o rk e rs ' earnings based on tim e o r production r e c o rd s ; and
posting calculated data on p a yro ll sheet, showing inform ation such as w o r k e r's nam e, working
days, tim e, rate, deductions fo r insurance, and total wages due. May make out paychecks and
a ssist paym aster in making up and distributing pay envelopes. May use a calculating machine.

Since the last survey in this area, the Bureau has discontinued collectin g data fo r o ile rs and plum bers.

25

26
COMPTOMETER OPERATOR

SECRETARY— Continued

P rim a ry duty is to operate a C om ptom eter to p erfo rm m athem atical com putations. This
job is not to be confused with that of statistical or other type of clerk , which m ay involve f r e ­
quent use of a C om ptom eter but, in which, use of this m achine is incidental to p erform ance of
other duties.
KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O perates a keypunch m achine to re c o rd
tabulating card s o r on tape.

a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, few er than 100 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corporate o ffice r (other than the chairm an of the board or president)
of a com pany that em p lo y s, in all, over 100 but few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s ; or

or v e r ify alphabetic a n d /or nu m eric data on

P osition s a re c la ss ifie d into levels on the basis o f the follow ing definitions.
C lass A . W ork requires the application o f experien ce and judgment in selecting p r o c e ­
dures to be follow ed and in searching fo r , interpreting, selectin g, or coding item s to be
keypunched fro m a va riety of sou rce docum ents. On o cca sio n m ay also p e rfo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork. May train inexperienced keypunch op era tors.
C lass B . W ork is routine and repetitive. Under clo s e supervision or follow ing s p e cific
proced u res o r instructions, w orks from various standardized sou rce documents which have
been coded, and follow s sp ecified p roced u res which have been p re s crib e d in detail and require
little or no selectin g, coding, o r interpreting of data to be record ed . R efers to su p ervisor
p rob lem s arising from erroneous item s or cod es o r m issin g inform ation.
MESSENGER (O ffice Boy or G irl)
P e rfo r m s various routine duties such as running erran ds, operating m inor o ffice m a ­
chines such as sea lers o r m a ile rs , opening and distributing m ail, and other m inor c le r ic a l work.
Exclude positions that require operation of a m otor veh icle as a significant duty.
SECRETARY
A ssigned as person a l s e cre ta ry , n orm a lly to one individual. Maintains a clo s e and highly
responsive relationship to the d a y -to-d a y w ork activities of the su p ervisor. W orks fa ir ly inde­
pendently receiving a m inimum o f detailed supervision and guidance. P e rfo r m s varied c le r ic a l
and s e cre ta ria l duties, usually including m ost of the follow in g: (a) R eceives telephone ca lls,
person a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m ail, answ ers routine in quiries, and routes the technical inquiries
to the p rop er p erson s; (b) esta b lish es, m aintains, and rev ises the s u p e rv iso r's file s ; (c) maintains
the su p e rv is o r's calendar and m akes appointments as instructed; (d) relays m essa ges fro m super­
v is o r to subordinates; (e) review s corresp on d en ce, m em orandum s, and rep orts p repared by others
fo r the s u p e rv is o r's signature to a ssure p roced u ra l and typographic a ccu ra cy; and (f) p e rfo rm s
stenographic and typing work.
May also p erform other c le r ic a l and s e cre ta ria l tasks of com parable nature and difficulty.
The w ork typ ica lly requires knowledge of office routine and understanding o f the organization,
p rog ra m s, and p roced u res related to the w ork of the sup ervisor.
E xclusions
Not all positions that are titled " s e c r e ta r y " p o ss e s s the above ch a ra cte ristics. Exam ples
of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follo w s; (a) P osition s which do not m eet
the "p erson a l" s ecreta ry con cept d escrib ed above; (b) stenographers not fully trained in se cre ta ria l
type duties; (c) stenographers serving as o ffice assistants to a group of p ro fe ssio n a l, technical,
o r m anagerial p erson s; (d) s e cre ta ry positions in which the duties are either substantially m ore
routine or substantially m ore com p lex and resp on sib le than those ch aracterized in the definition;
and (e) assistant type positions which involve m ore d ifficult or m o re responsible techn ical, admin­
istra tive, su p ervisory , or s p ecia lized c le r ic a l duties which are not typical o f s e cre ta ria l work.
NOTE; The term "co rp o ra te o ffi c e r ," used in the le v e l definitions follow ing, re fe rs to
those o fficia ls who have a significant corp ora te-w id e policym aking ro le with regard to m ajor
com pany activities. The title " v ic e p re s id e n t," though norm ally indicative of this ro le , does not
in a ll ca ses identify such p ositions. V ice presidents whose p rim ary resp on sib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses or transactions (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r cre d it actions;
adm inister individual trust accou nts; d irectly supervise a cle r ic a l staff) are not con sid ered to be
"co rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes of applying the follow ing le ve l definition s.
C lass A
a. S ecreta ry to the chairm an of the board o r p residen t of a com pany that em ploys, in
all, over 100 but few er than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
b. S ecreta ry to a corp ora te o ffic e r (other than the chairm an of the b oard o r president)
of a com pany that em ploys, in all, over 5, 000 but few er than 25, 000 p e rs o n s ; or
c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the corporate o ffice r level) of a m ajor
segm ent or subsidiary of a com pany that em p loys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rs o n s .




C lass B

c. S ecreta ry to the head (im m ediately below the o ffic e r level) over either' a m ajor
co rp orate-w id e functional activity (e .g ., m arketing, re se a rch , operation s, industrial re la tion s, etc.) or~a m ajor geographic o r organizational segm ent (e .g ., a regional headquarters;
a m ajor division) of a com pany that em ploys, in a ll, over 5,000 but few er than 25,000
em p loy ees; or
d. S ecreta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (or other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, over 5,000 p e rs o n s ; or
e. S ecreta ry to the head of a la rge and im portant organizational segm ent (e .g ., a m iddle
management su p ervisor of an organizational segm ent often involving as many as several
hundred p ersons) of a com pany that em p loys, in all, over 25, 000 p e rs o n s .
C lass C
a. S ecreta ry to an executive or m anagerial p erson whose resp on sib ility is not equivalent
to one of the s p e cific le ve l situations in the definition fo r cla ss B, but whose subordinate staff
norm ally numbers at lea st severa l dozen em ployees and is usually divided into organizational
segm ents which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In som e com panies, this le ve l includes
a wide range of organizational ech elon s; in oth ers, only one o r two; £ r
b. S ecreta ry to the head o f an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc. (o r other equivalent level
of officia l) that em ploys, in all, few er than 5, 000 p e rs o n s .
Class

D

a. S ecreta ry to the su p ervisor o r head o f a sm all organizational unit (e .g ., few er than
about 25 or 30 p e rso n s); £ r
b. S ecreta ry to a n on sup ervisory staff s p e cia list, p rofession a l em ployee, adm inistra­
tive o ffice r, o r assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many com panies assign
stenographers, rather than se cre ta rie s as d e scrib e d above, to this le v e l of su p ervisory or
non supervisory w orker.)
STENOGRAPHER, GENERAL
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary fro m one o r m ore
persons either in shorthand o r b y Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May
also type fro m written copy. May maintain file s , keep sim ple re c o r d s , or p e rfo rm other relatively
routine cle r ic a l tasks. May operate fro m a stenographic pool. D oes not include tra n scrib in gm achine w ork . (See tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e op era tors.)
STENOGRAPHER, SENIOR
P rim a ry duty is to take dictation involving a va ried techn ical o r specialized vocabulary
such as in legal b rie fs o r rep orts on scien tific re s e a rch fro m one o r m ore p erson s either in short­
hand or by Stenotype or sim ilar m achine; and tra n scrib e dictation. May a lso type fro m written
copy. May also set up and maintain file s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e rfo r m s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and re sp o n si­
b ility than stenographers, general as evidenced by the follow ing: W ork requires high d egree of
stenographic speed and a ccu ra cy ; and a thorough w orking knowledge of general busin ess and office
p roced u res and of the s p e c ific business operation s, organization, p o lic ie s , p ro ce d u re s, file s ,
w orkflow , etc. Uses this knowledge in p erform in g stenographic duties and resp on sib le cle rica l
tasks such as, maintaining followup file s ; assem bling m ateria l fo r re p o rts, m em orandum s, letters,
e tc.; com posing sim ple letters fro m general instructions; reading and routing incom ing m ail; and
answering routine questions, etc. D oes not include tra n scrib in g-m a ch in e w ork .
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
C lass A . O perates
outgoing, intraplant or
com p lex ca lls , such as
doing routine w ork as

a sin gle- or
o ffice ca lls.
con feren ce,
d e scrib e d

m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
P e rfo r m s full telephone inform ation s e rv ice or handles
co lle ct, o v e r se a s , o r sim ilar ca lls , either in addition to
fo r sw itchboard op era tor, cla ss B, or as a fu ll-tim e

27
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR— Continued

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine Operator)— Continued

assignm ent. ("F u ll" telephone inform ation se rv ice occu rs when the establishm ent has varied
functions that are not readily understandable fo r telephone inform ation p u rp oses, e .g ., because
of overlapping or in terrelated functions, and consequently present frequent p roblem s as to
which extensions are appropriate for ca lls.)
C lass B . O perates a sin gle- o r m ultiple-position telephone switchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant or office ca lls. May handle routine long distance calls and re co rd tolls.
May p erform lim ited telephone inform ation s e rv ice . ("L im ited " telephone inform ation se rv ice
o ccu rs if the functions of the establishm ent s erv iced are readily understandable fo r telephone
inform ation p u rp oses, or if the requests are routine, e .g ., giving extension num bers when
s p ecific names are furnished, or if com plex ca lls are re fe rr e d to another op erator.)

C lass B . P e rfo r m s w ork accordin g to established p roced u res and under s p e cific in­
structions. Assignm ents typically involve com plete but routine and recu rrin g rep orts or parts
of la rg e r and m o re com p lex rep orts. Operates m ore difficult tabulating o r e le ctrica l a c­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim pler m achines
used by cla ss C op era tors. May be required to do som e wiring fro m diagram s. May train
new em ployees in b a s ic m achine operations.
C lass C . Under s p e cific instructions, operates sim ple tabulating or e le ctrica l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r, interp reter, reproducing punch, co lla to r, etc. A ssignm ents
typ ically involve portions of a w ork unit, fo r exam ple, individual sorting or collating runs,
or repetitive operations. May p erform sim ple w iring fro m diagram s, and do som e filing work.

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATOR, GENERAL

In addition to p erform in g duties o f op erator on a sin gle-p osition or m onitor-type sw itch­
board, acts as receptionist and m ay also type or p erform routine c le r ic a l w ork as part of regular
duties. This typing or c le r ic a l w ork m ay take the m ajor part of this w o r k e r's tim e while at
switchboard.

P rim a ry duty is to tra n scrib e dictation involving a norm al routine vocabulary fro m
transcribin g-m achine re co rd s. May also type from written cop y and do sim ple cle r ic a l work.
W orkers transcribin g dictation involving a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as
legal b rie fs o r reports on scien tific re se a rch are not included. A w ork er who takes dictation
in shorthand or b y Stenotype or sim ilar m achine is cla ss ifie d as a stenographer, general.

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (E le c tr ic Accounting Machine Operator)
TYPIST
O perates one or a va riety of m achines such as the tabulator, ca lculator, co lla to r, in te r­
p re te r, sorter, reproducing punch, etc. Excluded from this definition are working su p ervisors.
A lso excluded are op era tors of e lectron ic digital com puters, even though they m ay also operate
EAM equipment.

U ses a typew riter to make cop ies of various m aterial or to make out b ills after ca lcu la ­
tions have been made by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, o r sim ilar m ate­
rials fo r use in duplicating p ro ce s s e s . May do cle r ic a l w ork involving little special training, such
as keeping sim ple re c o rd s, filing re co rd s and re p o rts, or sorting and distributing incom ing m ail.

P osition s are cla ss ifie d into levels on the basis of the follow ing definitions.
C lass A . P e rfo rm s com plete reporting and tabulating assignm ents including devising
d ifficult con trol panel wiring under general supervision. A ssignm ents typ ically involve a
va riety of long and com plex reports which often are irreg u la r or non recurring, requiring
som e planning of the nature and sequencing of operations, and the use o f a va riety of m achines.
Is typically involved in training new operators in m achine operations or training low er level
operators in wiring from diagram s and in the opetating sequences of long and com p lex reports.
Does not include positions in which wiring resp onsibility is lim ited to selection and insertion
of prew ired board s.

C lass A . P e rfo rm s one or m ore of the follow ing: Typing m aterial in final fo rm when
it involves1com bining m ateria l fro m severa l sou rces o r resp onsibility fo r c o r r e c t spelling,
syllabication , punctuation, e tc., of technical o r unusual w ords or foreign language m ate­
ria l; and planning layout and typing o f com plicated statistical tables to maintain uniform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters varying details to suit circu m sta n ces.
Class B . P e rfo r m s one or m ore of the follow ing: Copy typing fro m rough or cle a r
d rafts; routine typing of fo rm s, insurance p o lic ie s , e tc.; and setting up sim ple standard
tabulations, or copying m ore com p lex tables already setup and spaced p rop erly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

COMPUTER OPERATOR
M onitors and operates the con trol con sole of a digital com puter to p ro ce s s data according
to operating instructions, usually p repared by a p rog ra m er. W ork includes m ost of the follow in g;
Studies instructions to determ ine equipment setup and operations; loads equipment with required
item s (tape r e e ls , ca rd s , etc.); switches n e ce ss a ry auxiliary equipment into circu it, and starts
and operates com puter; makes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operating p rob lem s and m eet
special conditions; review s e r r o r s made during operation and determ ines cause or re fe rs p roblem
to su p ervisor or p rog ra m er; and maintains operating record s. May test and a ssist in correctin g
p rogram .
F or wage study p u rp oses, com puter operators are cla ss ifie d as follow s;
Class A . O perates independently, or under only general d irection, a com puter running
p rogra m s with m ost of the follow ing ch a ra cte ris tics; New p rog ra m s are frequently tested and
introduced; scheduling requirem ents are of cr itica l im portance to m inim ize downtime; the
program s are of com plex design so that identification of e r r o r sou rce often requires a working
knowledge of the total prog ra m , and alternate p rogram s m ay not be available. May give
d irection and guidance to low er level op erators.
C lass B . Operates independently, or under only general d irection , a com puter running
p rogram s with m ost o f the follow ing ch a ra cteris tics: M ost of the p rog ra m s are established
production runs, typ ically run on a regularly recu rrin g b a s is; there is little or no testing
of new p rogram s required; alternate program s are provided in ca se origin al p rogram needs
m ajor change o r cannot be co r re cte d within a reasonable tim e. In com m on e r r o r situations,
diagnoses cause and takes c o r re ctiv e action. This usually involves applying prev iou sly p r o ­
gram ed c o r re ctiv e steps, o r using standard co r re ctio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d irect supervision a com puter running p rogra m s o r segm ents of program s
with the ch a ra cteristic? d escrib ed for cla ss A. May a ssist a higher le v e l operator b y inde­
pendently perform ing less difficult tasks assigned, and perform ing d ifficult tasks follow ing
detailed instructions and with frequent review of operations p erform ed .




C lass C . W orks on routine p rogram s under clo s e supervision. Is expected to develop
working knowledge of the com puter equipment used and ability to detect p rob lem s involved in
running routine p rog ra m s. U sually has receiv ed som e fo rm a l training in com puter operation.
May a ss ist higher le ve l operator on com p lex program s.
COMPUTER PROGRAMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business p rob lem s, typ ically prepared by a system s analyst, into
a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the p roblem s by automatic data
p ro ce ssin g equipment. Working fro m charts o r diagram s, the p rog ra m er develops the p re cis e
instructions which, when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation of data to achieve d esired results. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing; A pplies knowledge
of com puter cap a bilities, m athem atics, lo g ic em ployed by com puters, and particular subject m atter
involved to analyze charts and diagram s of the p rob lem to be program ed. D evelops sequence
of p rog ra m steps, w rites detailed flow charts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce s s e d ;
con verts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to follow ; tests and c o r r e c t s p rog ra m s;
p rep a res instructions fo r operating personnel during production run; analyzes, rev iew s, and alters
p rogram s to in crease operating efficie n cy or adapt to new requirem ents; maintains re co rd s of
p rogram developm ent and rev ision s. (NOTE: W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and p ro ­
gram ing should be cla ss ifie d as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determ ine their pay.)
D oes not include em ployees p rim a rily resp onsible fo r the management o r supervision of
other e lectron ic data p ro ce ssin g (EDP) em ployees, o r p rog ra m ers p rim a rily concerned with
scien tific a n d /o r engineering prob lem s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses, p rog ra m ers are cla ss ifie d as follow s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only general d irection on com p lex p rob lem s which
require com petence in all phases of program ing concepts and p ra ctice s. W orking fro m dia­
gram s and charts which identify the nature of d e sire d resu lts, m a jo r p ro ce ssin g steps to be
a ccom p lished , and the relationships between variou s steps of the p rob lem solving routine;
plans the full range of program ing actions needed to efficien tly utilize the com puter system
in achieving d esired end products.

28
COMPUTER PROGRAM ER, BUSINESS— Continued
At this level, program ing is difficu lt because com puter equipment must be organized to
produce severa l in terrela ted but d iv erse products from numerous and d iverse data elem ents.
A wide va riety and extensive number o f internal p rocessin g actions must o cc u r. This requires
such actions as developm ent of com m on operations which can be reused, establishm ent of
linkage points between op eration s, adjustments to data when p rog ra m requirem ents exceed
com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing oT data elements
to form a highly integrated p rogra m .
May p rovid e functional d irection to low er lev el p rog ra m ers who are assigned to a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently o r under only general d irection on relatively sim ple
p rog ra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents of com p lex p rog ra m s. P ro g ra m s (o r segm ents) usually
p ro ce s s inform ation to produce data in two o r three va ried sequences o r form a ts. R eports
and listings are p roduced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making m in or additions to or
deletions from input data which are read ily available. W hile numerous re co rd s m ay be
p ro ce s s e d , the data have been refined in p r io r actions so that the a ccu ra cy and sequencing
of data can be tested by using a few routine ch ecks. T yp ica lly, the p rog ra m deals with
routine record -k eep in g type operations.
OR
W orks on com p lex p rog ra m s (as d escrib ed fo r cla ss A) under clo s e d irection of a higher
level p rog ra m er or su p ervisor. May a ss ist higher le v e l p ro g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
form ing less difficult tasks assigned, and p erform in g m ore difficult tasks under fa ir ly clo s e
d irection.
May guide or instruct low er le v e l p rog ra m ers.
C lass C . Makes p ra ctica l applications of p rogram ing p ra ctice s and concepts usually
learned in form a l training co u rse s . A ssignm ents are designed to develop com petence in the
application of standard p roced u res to routine p rob lem s. R eceives clo s e supervision on new
aspects of assignm ents; and w ork is review ed t o ,v e r ify its a ccu ra cy and con form an ce with
required p roced u res.
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS
A nalyzes business p rob lem s to form ulate p roced u res fo r solving them by use of e lectron ic
data p roces s in g equipment. D evelops a com plete descrip tion of all specifications needed to enable
p rog ra m ers to p rep a re required digital com puter p rog ra m s. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing:
A nalyzes su b ject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and cr ite ria required
to achieve sa tisfa ctory resu lts; s p ecifies num ber and types of r e c o r d s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlines actions to be p erform ed by p ersonnel and com puters in sufficient detail fo r
presentation to m anagement and for program ing (typ ically this involves preparation o f w ork and
data flow ch arts); coordin ates the developm ent o f test p rob lem s and participates in tria l runs of
new and rev ised system s; and recom m ends equipment changes to . obtain m ore effective o ve ra ll
operations. (NOTE; W orkers p erform in g both system s analysis and p rogram ing should be c la s ­
sified as system s analysts if this is the sk ill used to determ ine their pay.)

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS----Continued
maintaining accounts receiva ble in a retail establishm ent, or maintaining inventory accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h olesale establishm ent.) C onfers with p erson s con cerned to determ ine
the data p ro ce ssin g p rob lem s and advises su b ject-m atter p ersonnel on the im plications of the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent of a com p lex data p ro ce s s in g schem e or system , as d e scrib e d fo r
cla ss A. W orks independently on routine assignm ents and re ce iv e s instruction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents. W ork is review ed fo r a ccu ra cy of judgment, com pliance with in­
structions, and to insure p rop er alinement with the o v e ra ll system .
C lass C . W orks under im m ediate su pervision, ca rryin g out analyses as assigned, usually
of a single activity. A ssignm ents are designed to develop and expand p ra ctica l experience
in the application of p roced u res and skills required fo r system s analysis w ork. F o r exam ple,
m ay a ssist a higher le ve l system s analyst by preparing the detailed specification s required
by p ro g ra m e rs fro m inform ation developed by the higher le ve l analyst.
DRAFTSMAN
C lass A . Plans the graphic presentation of com p lex item s having distinctive design
features that d iffer significantly fro m established drafting p receden ts. W orks in clo s e sup­
port with the design orig in ator, and m ay recom m end m inor design changes. Analyzes the
effect of each change on the details of fo rm , function, and p ositional relationships of co m ­
ponents and parts. W orks with a m inimum of su p e rviso ry a ssistance. C om pleted w ork is
review ed by design origin ator fo r con sisten cy with p r io r engineering determ inations. May
either p rep are drawings, o r d ire ct their p reparation by low er level draftsm en.
C lass B . P e rfo r m s nonroutine and com p lex drafting assignm ents that require the appli­
cation of m ost of the standardized drawing techniques regu la rly used. Duties typ ically in­
volve such w ork as: P re p a re s working drawings of subassem blies with irreg u la r shapes,
m ultiple functions, and p r e c is e positional relationships between com ponents; p repares a rch i­
tectural drawings fo r con struction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall
section s, flo o r plans, and roof. U ses accepted form ulas and manuals in making n ece ssa ry
com putations to determ ine quantities of m aterials to be used, load ca p a cities, strengths,
s tr e s s e s , etc.
R eceives initial instructions, requirem ents, and advice fro m sup ervisor.
Com pleted w ork is checked fo r technical adequacy.
C lass C . P re p a re s detail drawings of single units o r parts fo r engineering, con struction,
m anufacturing, or repair p u rp oses. Types of drawings p repared include iso m e tric p rojection s
(depicting three dim ensions in accu rate scale) and section al view s to cla rify positioning of
com ponents and convey needed inform ation. C onsolidates details fro m a number of sou rces
and adjusts Or transposes sca le as required. Suggested m ethods of approach, applicable
preced en ts, and advice on source m aterials are given with initial assignm ents. Instructions
are le ss com plete when assignm ents re cu r. W ork m ay be spot-ch eck ed during p ro g re ss .
DRAFTSM AN -TRACER
C opies plans and drawings prep ared b y others by placing tracing cloth or paper over
drawings and tracing with pen or p encil. (Does not include tracing lim ited to plans p rim a rily
consisting of straight lines and a la rge sca le not requiring clo s e delineation.)
A ND /OR

Does not include em ployees p rim a rily resp on sib le fo r the management or supervision of
other electron ic data p roces s in g (EDP) em p loyees, or system s analysts p rim a rily con cerned with
scien tific or engineering prob lem s.
F o r wage study p u rp oses,

system s analysts are c la ss ifie d as fo llo w s:

C lass A . W orks independently or under only general d irection on com p lex p roblem s
involving all phases of system s analysis. P rob lem s are com p lex because of d iverse sou rces
of input data and m u ltip le-use requirem ents of output data. (F o r exam ple, develops an inte­
grated production scheduling, inventory con trol, cost analysis, and sales analysis re c o rd in
which every item of each type is autom atically p ro ce s s e d through the full system of record s
and appropriate followup actions are initiated b y the com puter.) C onfers with p ersons co n ­
cerned to determ ine the data p roces s in g p rob lem s and advises su bject-m atter p ersonnel on
the im plications o f new or rev ised system s o f data p ro ce ssin g operations. Makes r e c o m ­
m endations, if needed, fo r approval o f m ajor system s installations o r changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.
May provide functional d irection to low er le v e l system s analysts who are assigned to
a ssist.
C lass B . W orks independently or under only general d irection on p rob lem s that are
rela tiv ely uncom plicated to analyze, plan, p rog ra m , and operate. P ro b le m s are of lim ited
com p lexity because sou rces of input data are hom ogeneous and the output data are clo s e ly
related. (F or exam ple, develops system s fo r maintaining d ep ositor accounts in a bank,




P re p a re s sim ple o r repetitive drawings of ea sily visu a lized item s. W ork is clo s e ly supervised
during p ro g re ss .
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIAN
W orks on various types of ele ctro n ic equipment or system s by perform ing one o r m ore
o f the follow ing operation s: M odifying, installing, repairing, and overhauling. These operations
require the perform a n ce of m ost o r a ll of the follow ing tasks: A ssem bling, testing, adjusting,
calibrating, tuning, and alining.
W ork is nonrepetitive and req u ires a knowledge o f the theory and p ra ctice of e le ctro n ics
pertaining to the use of general and sp ecialized ele ctro n ic test equipment; trouble analysis; and
the operation, relationship, and alinement o f e le ctro n ic system s, subsystem s, and circu its having
a va riety of com ponent parts.
E lectron ic equipment o r system s w orked on typ ica lly include one o r m ore of the follow ing:
Ground, veh icle , or airborne radio com m unications system s, rela y system s, navigation aids;
airborne or ground radar system s; radio and telev ision transm itting or record in g system s; e le c ­
tron ic com puters; missiJre and sp a cecra ft guidance and con trol system s; industrial and m edical
m easuring, indicating, fhd con trolling d e v ice s; etc.
(Exclude production a sse m b le rs and te ste rs , craftsm en , draftsm en, d esig n ers, engineers,
and repairm en of such standard ele ctro n ic equipment as o ffice m achines, radio and television
receiving sets.)

29
NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)

NURSE, INDUSTRIAL (R egistered)— Continued

A reg istered nurse who gives nursing se rv ice under general m ed ical d irection to ill or
injured em ployees o r other persons who becom e ill o r suffer an accident on the p re m ise s of a
fa cto ry o r other establishm ent. Duties involve a com bination of the follow ing: Giving firs t aid
to the i ll o r injured; attending to subsequent dressing of em p loy ees' in ju ries; keeping record s

of patients treated; preparing accident rep orts fo r com pensation o r other p u rp oses; assisting in
physical examinations and health evaluations o f applicants and em p loyees; and planning and c a r r y ­
ing out p rogram s involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant environm ent,
o r other activities affecting the health, w elfa re, and safety of all personnel.

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
CARPENTER, MAINTENANCE

MACHINIST, MAINTENANCE

P e rfo r m s the carpentry duties n e ce ss a ry to con struct and maintain in good repair building
woodw ork and equipment such as bins, cr ib s , cou nters, benches, partitions, d o o rs, flo o rs , sta irs,
casin gs, and trim m ade o f wood in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Planning
and laying out of w ork from blueprints, drawings, m od els, o r verbal instructions using a variety
of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable pow er tools, and standard m easuring instrum ents; making
standard shop com putations relating to dim ensions of w ork; and selecting m aterials n e ce ssa ry
fo r the w ork. In general, the w ork of the maintenance ca rpenter req u ires rounded training and
experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

P rod u ces replacem ent parts and new parts in making repairs of m etal parts o f m echanical
equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing: Interpreting written
instructions and specification s; planning and laying out of w ork; using a v a riety of m achinist's
handtools and p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents; setting up and operating standard m achine tools;
shaping of m etal parts to clo s e to le ra n ce s; making standard shop com putations relating to dim en­
sions of w ork, tooling, fe e d s, and speeds o f m achining; knowledge of the working p rop erties of
the com m on m etals; selecting standard m ateria ls, parts, and equipment required fo r his w ork;
and fitting and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In gen eral, the m ach in ist's w ork
n orm a lly requires a rounded training in m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a form a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.

ELECTRICIAN, MAINTENANCE
P e rfo rm s a va riety of e le ctrica l trade functions such as the installation, m aintenance,
or rep a ir of equipment fo r the generation, distribution, or utilization o f e le c tr ic energy in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Installing o r repairing any of a va riety
of e le ctrica l equipment such as gen era tors, tra n sform ers, sw itchboards, co n tro lle rs , circu it
b re a k ers, m otors, heating units, conduit system s, or other tra n sm ission equipment; working
fro m blueprints, drawings, layouts, o r other specification s; locating and diagnosing trouble in
the e le ctrica l system o r equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirem ents
of wiring or e le ctrica l equipment; and using a va riety o f e le ctricia n 's handtools and m easuring
and testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance ele ctricia n requires rounded
training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or equivalent training
and experien ce.
ENGINEER, STATIONARY
O perates and maintains and m ay also supervise the operation of stationary engines and
equipment (m echanical or electrica l) to supply the establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er,
heat, refrig era tion , o r air-conditioning. W ork involves: Operating and maintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p re s so rs , gen era tors, m otors, turbines, ventilating and r e fr ig ­
erating equipment, steam b o ile r s and b o ile r -fe d water pum ps; making equipment rep a irs; and
keeping a re c o rd o f operation of m achinery, tem perature, and fuel consum ption. May also su­
p erv ise these operations. Head o r ch ief engineers in establishm ents em ploying m ore than one
engineer are excluded.
FIREMAN, STATIONARY BOILER
F ire s stationary b o ile r s to furnish the establishm ent in which em ployed with heat, pow er,
o r steam . Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a m echanical stoker, or gas o r o il burner;
and checks water and safety va lves. May clean, o il, o r a ssist in repairing b o ile r ro o m equipment.
H ELPER, MAINTENANCE TRADES
A ssists one or m ore w orkers in the skilled maintenance tra d es, by perform ing sp ecific
or gen eral duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a w orker supplied with m aterials and tools;
cleaning working area, m achine, and equipment; assisting journeym an b y holding m aterials or
to o ls; and p erform in g other unskilled tasks as d irected by journeym an. The kind o f w ork the
helper is perm itted to p erform v a ries from trade to trade: In som e trades the helper is con ­
fined to supplying, lifting, and holding m aterials and tools and cleaning working a rea s; and in
others he is perm itted to p erform specialized m achine operations, o r parts of a trade that are
also p erform ed b y w ork ers on a fu ll-tim e basis.
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR, TOOLROOM
S pecializes in the operation o f one o r m ore types of m achine to o ls , such as jig b o re rs ,
cy lin d rica l o r surface grin d ers, engine lathes, o r m illing m achines, in the con struction of
m achine-shop tools, gages, jig s , fixtu res, or dies. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Planning
and perform ing d ifficult m achining operation s; p rocessin g item s requiring com plicated setups or
a high degree of a ccu ra cy; using a va riety o f p recis ion m easuring instrum ents; selecting feed s,
speeds, tooling, and operation sequence; and making n e ce ss a ry adjustments during operation
to achieve requisite toleran ces o r dim ensions. May be required to recogn ize when tools need
d ressin g , to d ress to o ls , and to select p rop er coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils. F o r
c r o ss -in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, m ach in e-tool op era tors, to o lro o m , in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded from this cla ssification .




MECHANIC, AUTOMOTIVE (Maintenance)
R epairs autom obiles, b u ses, m otortru ck s, and tra cto rs of an establishm ent. W ork in­
volves m ost of the follow ing: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble; d is ­
assem bling equipment and perform ing repairs that involve the use o f such handtools as w renches,
gages, d r ills , o r specialized equipment in disassem bling or fitting parts; replacing broken o r
defective parts fro m stock; grinding and adjusting va lves; reassem bling and installing the various
assem blies in the veh icle and making n e ce ss a ry adjustm ents; and alining w h eels, adjusting brakes
and lights, or tightening body b olts. In general, the w ork of the automotive m echanic requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
training and experien ce.
MECHANIC, MAINTENANCE
R epairs m achinery o r m echanical equipment of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost
of the follow in g: Examining m achines and m echanical equipment to diagnose sou rce of trouble;
dism antling o r partly dism antling m achines and perform ing rep a irs that m ainly involve the use
of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken o r defective parts with item s obtained
fro m stock; ordering the production o f a replacem ent part by a m achine shop or sending o f the
m achine to a m achine shop fo r m ajor rep a irs; preparing written specification s fo r m ajor repairs
or fo r the production of parts ord ered fro m m achine shop; reassem bling m achines; and making
all n e ce ssa ry adjustments fo r operation. In gen eral, the w ork of a maintenance m echanic requires
rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
training and experien ce. E xcluded fro m this cla ssifica tio n are w ork ers whose p rim ary duties
involve setting up or adjusting m achines.
MILLWRIGHT
Installs new m achines o r heavy equipment, and dism antles and installs m achines or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. W ork involves m ost o f the follow ing:
Planning and laying out o f the w ork; interpreting blueprints o r other specification s; using a variety
of handtools and rigging; making standard shop com putations relating to s tr e s s e s , strength of
m ateria ls, and cen ters of gravity; alining and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good o rd e r pow er tra n sm ission
equipment such as drives and speed red u cers. In gen eral, the m illw rig h t's w ork n orm a lly requires
a rounded training and experien ce in the trade acquired through a form a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experien ce.
PAINTER, MAINTENANCE
Paints and red ecorates w alls, woodw ork, and fixtures o f an establishm ent. W ork involves
the follow ing: Knowledge of su rfa ce p ecu lia rities and types o f paint required fo r different applica­
tion s; preparing surface fo r painting b y rem oving old finish or b y placing putty or fille r in nail
holes and in te rstice s; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain p rop er c o lo r o r con sistency. In gen eral, the w ork of the
maintenance painter requires rounded training and experien ce usually acquired through a form a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent training and experien ce.
P IP E F IT T E R , MAINTENANCE
Installs o r rep a irs w ater, steam , gas, o r other types of pipe and pipefittings in an
establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow in g: Laying out o f w ork and m easuring to locate
p osition of pipe fro m drawings o r other written sp ecification s; cutting variou s siz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with ch ise l and ham m er o r oxyacetylene to rch o r pipe-cutting m achine; threading
pipe with stocks and d ie s; bending pipe b y hand-driven o r p o w e r-d riv e n m achines; assem bling

30
TOOL AND DIE MAKER

P IPE FITTE R , MAINTENANCE— Continued
pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to
p re s su re s, flow , and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determ ine whether fin ­
ished pipes m eet sp ecification s. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance p ipefitter requires
rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent
training and exp erien ce. W orkers p rim a rily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation
o r heating system s are excluded.
S H EE T-M E TAL WORKER, MAINTENANCE
F a b rica tes, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal equipment and fixtures
(such as m achine guards, g rease pans, shelves, lo c k e r s , tanks, ven tila tors, chutes, ducts, m etal
roofing) of an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the follow ing; Planning and laying out all
types of sheet-m etal maintenance w ork from blueprints, m od els, or other specification s; setting
up and operating a ll available types o f sh eet-m eta l working m achines; using a variety of handtools
in cutting, bending, form in g, shaping, fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles
as required. In gen eral, the w ork of the maintenance sheet-m etal w orker requires rounded
training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a form a l apprenticeship o r equivalent training
and experien ce.

(Die m aker; jig m aker; tool m aker; fixture m aker; gage m aker)
C onstructs and rep a irs m achine-shop to o ls, gages, jig s , fixtures or dies fo r forgin gs,
punching, and other m eta l-form in g work. W ork involves m o st o f the follow in g: Planning and
laying out of w ork fro m m od els, blueprints, drawings, or other o ra l and written specification s;
using a variety of tool and die m ak e r's handtools and p re cis io n m easuring instrum ents; under­
standing of the working p rop erties of com m on m etals and a llo y s; setting up and operating of
m achine tools and related equipment; making n e ce ss a ry shop com putations relating to dim ensions
of w ork, speeds, feed s, and tooling of m achines; heat-treating of m etal parts during fabrication
as w ell as of finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; working to clo s e toleran ces;
fitting and assem bling of parts to p re s crib e d toleran ces and allow an ces; and selecting appropriate
m ateria ls, tools, and p r o c e s s e s . In gen eral, the tool and die m ak e r's w ork requires a rounded
training in m achine-shop and to o lro o m p ra ctice usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
or equivalent training and experien ce.
F o r cro ss -in d u stry wage study p u rp oses, tool and die m akers in tool and die jobbing
shops are excluded fro m this cla ssification .

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERK

GUARD AND WATCHMAN
Guard. P e rfo rm s routine p olice duties, either at fixed post or on tour, maintaining
o rd er, using arm s o r fo r c e where n ecessa ry. Includes gatemen who are stationed at gate
and check on identity of em ployees and other persons entering.
Watchman. Makes rounds of p rem ises p eriod ica lly in protecting property against fir e ,
theft, and illeg a l entry.
JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
(Sweeper;

charwoman;

P rep a res m erchandise fo r shipment, or re ce iv e s and is responsible for incom ing ship­
ments of m erchandise or other m aterials. Shipping w ork in v olv es: A knowledge of shipping
p roced u res, p ra ctice s, routes, available means of transportation, and rate; and preparing r e c ­
ords of the goods shipped, making up bills of lading, posting weight and shipping ch arges, and
keeping a file of shipping re c o rd s. May d irect or a ssist in preparing the m erchandise for ship­
ment. R eceiving work in v olv es: V erifying or directing others in verifying the correctn ess of
shipments against bills of lading, in v oices, or other re c o rd s ; checking for shortages and rejecting
damaged goods; routing m erchandise or m aterials to p roper departments; and maintaining n e ce s ­
sary record s and file s.

janitress)

F o r wage study purp oses, w orkers are cla ssifie d as follow s:
Cleans and keeps in an o rd e rly condition fa ctory working areas and w ashroom s, or
p rem ises of an o ffice , apartment house, or com m ercia l or other establishm ent. Duties involve
a com bination of the follow ing: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem oving
chips, trash, and other refu se; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing m etal fixtures
or trim m ings; providing supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ice s ; and cleaning la va tories, show­
e rs , and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window washing are excluded.
LABORER, M ATERIAL HANDLING
(Loader and unloader; handler and stacker; shelver; tru cker; stockman or stock helper; w a re­
houseman or warehouse helper)
A worker em ployed in a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establishment
whose duties involve one or m ore of the follow ing: Loading and unloading various m aterials and
m erchandise on or from freight ca rs , trucks, or other transporting d evices; unpacking, shelving,
or placing m aterials or m erchandise in p roper storage location; and transporting m aterials or
m erchandise by handtruck, ca r, or w heelbarrow . Longshorem en, who load and unload ships are
excluded.

R eceiving clerk
Shipping clerk
Shipping and receiving clerk
TRUCKDRIVER
D rives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport m ateria ls, m erchandise,
equipment, or men between various types of establishm ents such as: Manufacturing plants, freight
depots, w arehouses, wholesale and retail establishm ents, or between retail establishm ents and
cu sto m e rs' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without h elpers,
make m inor m echanical rep a irs, and keep truck in good working ord er. D riv e r-sa le sm e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d d rivers are excluded.
"
F o r wage study p u rp oses, tru ckd rivers are cla ss ifie d by size and type of equipment,
as follow s: (T ra cto r-tra ile r should be rated on the basis of tra ile r capacity.)

ORDER FILLER
(Order picker; stock s elector; warehouse stockman)
F ills shipping or transfer ord ers for finished goods fro m stored m erchandise in a cco r d ­
ance with specifications on sales s lip s, cu stom ers' o rd e rs , or other instructions. May, inaddition
to filling ord ers and indicating item s filled or om itted, keep re co rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , requi­
sition additional stock or report short supplies to su p ervisor, and p erform other related duties.

T ru ckdriver (com bination of sizes listed separately)
T ru ckd river, light (under IV2 tons)
T ru ckd river, medium (IV 2 to and including 4 tons)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, tra ile r type)
T ru ckd river, heavy (over 4 tons, other than tra ile r type)
TRUCKER, POWER

PACKER, SHIPPING
P rep ares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping con ­
tain ers, the s p ecific operations p erform ed being dependent upon the type, s ize , and number of
units to be packed, the type of container em ployed, and method of shipment. Work requires the
placing of item s in shipping containers and m ay involve one or m ore of the follow ing; Knowl­
edge of various item s of stock in ord er to v erify content; selection of appropriate type and size
of container; inserting en closures in container; using e x ce lsio r or other m aterial to prevent
breakage or damage; closin g and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying
data on container. P ackers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.




Operates a manually con trolled ga solin e- or e le ctric-p o w e re d truck or tra ctor to
transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a w arehouse, manufacturing plant, or other
establishm ent.
F or wage study purposes, w orkers are cla ss ifie d by type of truck, as follow s:
T ru ck er, power (forklift)
T ru ck er, power (other than forklift)

A v a ila b le

O n

R e q u e s t

T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e s u r v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r u s e in a d m in is t e r in g the S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le at n o c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s la s t f r o m any o f the B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A b ile n e , T e x .
A la s k a
A lb a n y , Ga.
A le x a n d r ia , L a .
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C ity , M ich .
A m a r illo , T e x .
Ann A r b o r , M ich .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J.
A u g u s ta , G a.—S .C .
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a ton R o u g e , L a .
B illin g s , M on t.
B ilo x i , G u lfp o r t, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r id g e p o r t , N o rw a lk , and S t a m fo r d , Conn.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C h ey en n e, W y o.
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s , G a.—A la .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
D oth an, A la .
Duluth— u p e r io r , M inn.— is .
S
W
D u rh a m , N .C .
E l P a so , T ex.
E u gene, O reg.
F a r g o — o o r h e a d , N. D ak.—M in n.
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F it c h b u r g — e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
L
F o r t S m ith , A rk .— k la .
O
F r e d e r ic k - H a g e r s t o w n , M d .- P a .- W . V a.
G r e a t F a lls , M ont.
G r e e n s b o r o — in s to n S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
H a r tfo r d , Conn.
H u n ts v ille , A la .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e le a s e

K n o x v ille , T en n.
L a red o, Tex.
L a s V e g a s , N ev.
L e x in g to n , K y.
L o w e r E a s te r n S h o r e , M d.—Va.
L y n c h b u r g , V a.
M a co n , G a.
M a d is o n , W is .
M a rq u e tte , E s c a n a b a , Sault Ste. M a r ie , M ich .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , O c e a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille , T en n .
N ew L o n d o n -G r o t o n — o r w ic h , Conn.
N
N o r t h e a s te r n M ain e
O gd en , Utah
O r la n d o , F la .
O x n a r d — e n tu ra , C a lif.
V
P a n a m a C it y , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o r t s m o u t h , N .H .—M ain e—M a s s .
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R e n o , N ev.
S a c r a m e n t o , C a lif.
S a lin a , K a n s.
S a lin a s — o n te r e y , C a lif.
M
Santa B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t , L a.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s .—C onn.
C
H
S to ck to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u c s o n , A r iz .
V a ld o s t a , Ga.
V a lle jo — apa, C a lif.
N
W ic h ita F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l.— .J .—M d.
N

T h e e le v e n th annual r e p o r t on s a la r ie s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d it o r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a t t o r n e y s , jo b a n a ly s t s , d i r e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a ft s m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s .
O r d e r as B L S B u lle tin 1693, N a tion a l
S u rv e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d m in is t r a t iv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C l e r i c a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , f r o m th e S u p e rin te n d e n t o f D o c u m e n ts ,
U .S . G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f fic e , W a s h in g to n , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f its r e g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s .







A re a

W a g e

S u rv e y s

A lis t o f the la te s t a v a ila b le b u lle tin s is p r e s e n te d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y o f a r e a w a ge s tu d ie s in clu d in g m o r e lim ite d s tu d ie s c o n d u c te d at the
r e q u e s t o f the W a ge and H ou r D iv is io n o f the D e p a rtm e n t o f L a b o r is a v a ila b le on r e q u e s t. B u lle tin s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m the S u p e rin te n d e n t o f
D o c u m e n ts , U .S. G o v e r n m e n t P r in tin g O f f ic e , W a sh in g ton , D .C ., 20402, o r f r o m any o f the B LS r e g io n a l s a le s o f f i c e s show n on the in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .
B u lle tin n u m b er
Area

an d p r i c e

A k r o n , O h io , J u ly 1971 11________________________________
1 6 8 5 -8 7 ,
40 ce n ts
A lb a n y—S ch e n e cta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., M a r . 1971 1 ________ 1 6 8 5 -5 4 ,
35 cen ts
A lb u q u e rq u e , N. M e x . , M a r. 1971----------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -5 8 ,
30 cen ts
A lle n to w n —B e th le h e m —E a s to n , P a .—N .J ., M a y 1971 — 1 6 8 5 -7 5 ,
30 ce n ts
A tla n ta , G a ., M a y 1971 ------------------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 -6 9 ,
40 ce n ts
50 cen ts
B a lt im o r e , M d ., A u g. 1 9 7 0 1-------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -1 8 ,
B ea u m on t— o r t A rth u i—O r a n g e , T e x ., M a y 1971 1 ----- 1 6 8 5 -6 8 ,
P
35 ce n ts
B in g h a m to n , N .Y ., J u ly 1971 ___________________________ 1 7 2 5 -6 ,
35 ce n ts
B ir m in g h a m , A la ., M a r. 1971 1 --------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -6 3 ,
40 ce n ts
1 6 8 5 -2 1 ,
35 cen ts
B o is e C ity , Idah o, N ov. 1970 1 __________________________
B o s to n , M a s s ., A u g. 1970 1 ______________________________ 1 6 8 5-1 1,
50 ce n ts
B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c t. 1970 1________________________________
1 6 8 5 -4 3 ,
50 cen ts
B u rlin g to n , V t ., M a r. 1971 1 _____________ ________________ 1 6 8 5 -5 9 ,
35 cen ts
C an ton , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 1 _________________________________
1 6 8 5 -7 1 ,
30 ce n ts
C h a r le s to n , W . V a ., M a r . 1971------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -5 7 ,
30 cen ts
C h a r lo tt e , N .C ., Jan. 1971______________________________ 1 6 8 5 -4 8 ,
30 cen ts
35 ce n ts
C h a tta n o o g a , T e n n .- G a ., Sept. 1 9 7 0 * ---------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -1 0 ,
C h ic a g o , 111., June 1970__ ______________ _________________ 1 6 6 0 -9 0 ,
60 c e n ts
C in cin n a ti, O h io— y.—In d ., F e b . 1971 1 --------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -5 3 ,
K
4 5 cen ts
C le v e la n d , O h io , Sept. 1970
1 —----------- -----------------1 6 8 5 -2 8 ,
50 cen ts
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t.
1970 1------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 -3 3 ,
4 0 cen ts
D a lla s , T e x ., O ct. 1970 1 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -2 2 ,
5 0 cen ts
D a v e n p o rt— o c k Isla n d— o lin e , Icrwa—111.,
R
M
F e b . 197 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -5 1 ,
30 cen ts
D a yton , O h io , D e c . 1970 1-------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -4 5 ,
40 cen ts
D e n v e r , C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -4 1 ,
35 cen ts
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, M a y 1971------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -7 0 ,
3 0 ce n ts
D e tr o it, M ic h ., F e b . 1971 1----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -7 7 ,
50 ce n ts
F o r t W o rth , T e x ., O c t. 1970 1 ----------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -2 5 ,
35 cen ts
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1971-------------------------------------------- 1 7 2 5 -3 ,
30 ce n ts
G r e e n v ille , S .C ., M a y 1971
1------------------------------- - 1 6 8 5 -7 8 ,
35 ce n ts
H o u s to n , T e x ., A p r . 1971 1----------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -6 7 ,
50 ce n ts
In d ia n a p o lis , In d., O ct. 1970 1------------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 -3 1 ,
40 cen ts
J a c k s o n , M i s s ., Jan. 1971 1---------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -3 9 ,
35 cen ts
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c . 1970 1__,----- -— —--------------- —
1 6 8 5 -3 7 , 35 ce n ts
K a n s a s C ity , M o .—K a n s ., S ept. 1970 1 ---------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -1 6 ,
45 ce n ts
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h ill, M a s s .—N .H ., June 1971--------------- 1 6 8 5 -8 3 ,
H
30 ce n ts
L ittle R o ck — o rth L ittle R o c k , A r k ., J u ly 1971------ 1 7 2 5 -4 ,
N
30 ce n ts
L o s A n g e le s —L on g B e a ch and Anaheirrm Santa A n a G a rd e n G r o v e , C a lif ., M a r. 1971 1_______ ______——— 1 6 8 5 -6 6 , 50 ce n ts
L o u is v ille , K y.—In d., N ov. 1970---------- —_____ — ------------- 1 6 8 5 -2 7 , 30 cen ts
L u b b o ck , T e x . , M a r . 1971------------------------------ —-------- —— 1 6 8 5 -6 0 , 30 cen ts
M a n c h e s te r , N .H ., J u ly 1971------------------------------------------- 1 7 2 5 -2 ,
30 ce n ts
M e m p h is , T e n n . - A r k . , N ov. 1970------------------------------------ 1 6 8 5 -3 0 ,
30 cen ts
M ia m i, F la ., N o v . 1970 1--------------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -2 9 , 40 cen ts
M id la n d and O d e s s a , T e x ., Jan. 1971----------------- ------------ 1 6 8 5 -4 0 ,
30 cen ts
M ilw a u k e e , W is ., M a y 1971 -------------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -7 6 ,
35 ce n ts
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l, M in n ., Jan. 1971------------------------- 1 6 8 5 -4 4 ,
40 cen ts
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , June 1 9 7 1 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J . , Jan. 1971---------------------New H aven, C o n n ., Jan. 197 1_____________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1971 1__________________________
N ew Y o r k , N . Y . , A p r . 1 9 7 0 1_____________________________
N o r f o lk —P o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N ew s—
H a m p to n , V a . , Jan. 197 1 1 ---------------------------------------------O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., J u ly 1971 1 ---------------------------------O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________
P a t e r son— l i f t o r r - P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1971_____________
C
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a . —N . J . , N o v. 1970________________________
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , June 1971________________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1971 1______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , N o v. 1970_______________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h ., M a y 1971_______________________
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t ^ W a r w i c k , R .I.—M a s s . ,
M a y 1971 1 _________________________________________________
R a l e i g h , N . C . , Aug. 1971_________________________________
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 _______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s o n ly),
J u ly 1971 1---------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1971--------------------------------------------------St. L o u i s , M o .—111., M a r . 1971 1_________________________
Salt L a k e C it y , Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 0 1_______________________
San A n t o n io , T e x . , M a y 1971 1___________________________
San B e r n a r d i n o — i v e r side — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
R
O
D e c . 1970 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1970---------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a kla nd , C a l i f . , O ct . 1970--------------------O
San J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1970___________________ __________
Savannah, G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 _________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u ly 1971---------------------------------------------------S e a t t le ^ E v e r e t t , W a s h . , Jan. 197 1 1_____________________
________________________
S io u x F a l l s , S. D a k., D e c . 1970 1
South B e n d , Ind., M a r . 1971--------------------------------------------Sp okan e, W a s h ., June 1970 1 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1 9 7 0 -----------------------------------------------Tampar-St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 1970--------------------- ---T o l e d o , O h icr-M ich ., A p r . 1971 1 ________________________
T r e n t o n , N . J . , Sept. 1970 1 _______________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u ly 1971 1 __________________________
W a s h in g t o n , D . C . —Md.—V a . , A p r . 197 1----------------------------W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 1971------------------------------------------W a t e r l o o , Iow a, N o v . 1970 1
______________________________
W i c h it a , K a n s . , A p r . 1971------------------------------------------------W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ____________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1971______________________________________
Y o u n gs to w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v. 1970__________________

B u lle tin n u m b e r
and p r ic e
1685-82,
1685-47,
1685-35,
1685-36,
1660-89,

30 c e n ts
40 ce n ts
30 cen ts
40 cen ts
75 c e n ts

1685-46,
1725-8,
1685-14,
1685-84,
1685-34,
1685-86,
1685-49,
1685- 19,
1685-85,

35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
35 ce n ts
35 c e n ts
50 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
50 ce n ts
30 cen ts
35 ce n ts

1685-80,
1725-5,
1685-62,

40 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts

1725-7,
1685-79,
1685-65,
1685-26,
1685-81,

35 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
50 ce n ts
35 cen ts
35 ce n ts

1685-42,
1685-20,
1685-23,
1685-13,
1685-72,
1725-1,
1685-52,
1685-38,
1685-61,
1660-86,
1685-8,
1685- 17,
1685-74,
1 6 85- 15,
1725-9,
1685-56,
1685-55,
1685-32,
1685-64,
1685-73,
1685-50,
1685-24,

40 cen ts
30 cen ts
40 cen ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
30 ce n ts
35 ce nts
35 ce nts
30 ce nts
35 c e n ts
30 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
40 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
35 ce n ts
40 cen ts
30 ce nts
35 ce n ts
30 c e n ts
30 c e n ts
30 ce nts
30 ce nts

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W ASHING TO N, D.C. 20212
O F F IC IA L BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIV ATE USE, $300




FIRST CLASS M AIL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PA ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR