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.

«3<3a S -^ 3

Area
Wage
Survey

Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
December 1978

Bulletin 2025-63
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

c '.'ccwoh
o
a

'.70

0 uo^b®
n
Pu i L'bvarV




Portage

Preface
T h is b u lle tin p r o v id e s r e s u l t s o f a D e c e m b e r 1978 s u r v e y o f o c c u p a ­
tio n a l e a r n in g s in th e A k r o n , O h io , S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e a s p a r t o f th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' ann ual
a rea w age su rv ey p ro g ra m .
It w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l
o f f i c e in C h ic a g o , 111., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o is L . O r r , A s s is t a n t
R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r f o r O p e r a t io n s .
T h e s u r v e y c o u ld n ot h a v e b e e n
a c c o m p lis h e d w ith ou t th e c o o p e r a t io n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and
.s a la r y data p r o v id e d th e b a s is f o r th e s t a t is t ic a l in fo r m a t io n in th is b u lle tin .
T h e B u r e a u w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c ia t io n f o r th e c o o p e r a t io n
r e c e iv e d .
M a t e r ia l in th is p u b lic a t io n is in th e p u b lic d o m a in a nd m a y b e
r e p r o d u c e d w ith ou t p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t.
P le a s e c r e d it




th e B u re a u
p u b lic a tio n .

of

L abor

S t a t is t ic s

an d

c it e

th e

nam e

an d

n um ber

of

th is

Note:
C u r r e n t lis t in g s o f u n io n w a g e r a t e s in th e A k r o n a r e a a r e a v a ila b le
f o r b u ild in g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p lo y e e s ,
l o c a l t r u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , a n d g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p lo y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s
o f th e s e a r e a v a ila b le f r o m th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b a c k c o v e r
f o r a d d r e s s e s .)

Area
Wage
Survey

Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
December 1978

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

C o n ten ts

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Acting Commissioner

In tr o d u c tio n __________________________________________ 2
T a b le s :

February 1979
A.

Bulletin 2025-63

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
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Price $1 00 Make checks payable to Superin­

tendent of Documents



Page

P age

E a rn in g s, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts ;
A - l . W eekly ea rn in g s o f o f fic e w o r k e r s __ 3
A - 2 . W eekly ea rn in g s o f p r o fe s s io n a l
and te c h n ica l w o r k e r s ______________ 6
A - 3 . A v e ra g e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f
o ffic e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and
te ch n ica l w o r k e r s , b y s e x _________ 8
A - 4. H ourly ea rn in g s o f m a in ten a n ce,
to o lr o o m , and pow erp la n t
w o r k e r s _______________________________ 10
A - 5. H ourly ea rn in g s o f m a t e r ia l
m ov em en t and cu sto d ia l w o r k e r s __ 11
A - 6. A v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f
m a in ten a n ce, to o lr o o m , p o w e rplant, m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t, and
cu stod ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x __________13
A - 7 . P e r c e n t in c r e a s e s in a v era g e
h ou rly e a rn in g s , adjusted fo r
em p loym en t sh ifts, fo r s e le c te d
occu p a tio n a l g r o u p s __________________14

A pp en d ix A .
A p p en d ix B .

S cop e and m eth od o f s u r v e y _________ 15
O ccu p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s ___________ 18

Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 75 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's B u r e a u
o f L a b o r S t a t is t ic s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s and r e la t e d
b e n e f it s . (S ee l is t o f a r e a s on in s id e b a c k c o v e r . ) In e a c h a r e a , o c c u p a t io n a l
e a r n in g s da ta ( A - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly . I n fo r m a t io n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fit s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) is
o b ta in e d e v e r y t h ir d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t h as n o B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b le s A - 1 th ro u g h A - 6 p r o v id e e s t im a t e s o f s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o c c u p a t io n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f
m a n u fa c tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r ie s . F o r th e 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , t a b le s A -8 th ro u g h A - 13 p r o v id e s i m i l a r data f o r e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s t r ia l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d p la n t w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a re p r e s e n t e d f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and n on m a n u fa ctu rin g s e p a r a t e ly . D ata a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d f o r s k ille d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g b e c a u s e th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in th is o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g is t o o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n .
T h is t a b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
t r e n d s a ft e r e lin im a t io n o f ch a n g e s in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s c a u s e d b y e m p l o y ­
m e n t s h ifts a m on g e s t a b lis h m e n t s as w e ll as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s
in c lu d e d in s u r v e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r t h e r d e t a i l s , s e e a p p e n d ix A.

E a c h y e a r a ft e r a ll in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s h a v e b e e n c o m ­
p le t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e is s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r in g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r e a c h m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; th e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s n a tio n a l and
r e g io n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta , f o r
a ll S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a s in th e U n ited S t a te s , e x c lu d in g
A la s k a and H a w a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in th e a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is th e n e e d
t o d e s c r i b e th e l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r ie t y o f la b o r m a r k e t s ,
th r o u g h th e a n a ly s is o f ( 1) th e l e v e l and d is t r ib u t io n o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n ,
and (2) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l . T h e
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo r m a t io n th a t m a y b e u s e d f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , in c lu d in g
w a g e and s a la r y a d m in is t r a t io n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a in in g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m in in g p la n t lo c a t io n . S u r v e y r e s u lt s a ls o a r e u s e d b y th e U .S . D e p a r t ­
m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g d d e t e r m in a t io n s u n d e r th e S e r v i c e C o n tr a c t A c t
o f 1965.




A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s th e m e t h o d s and c o n c e p t s u s e d in th e a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v id e s in fo r m a t io n on the s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
A p p en d ix B p r o v id e s jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s b y o c c u p a t io n .

2

u sed by B u rea u fie ld e c o n o ­

A.

E a rn in g s

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly ea rn in gs of—
Oc cu pa ti on an d industry division

Number
of
worker*

Average
weekly
hour*1
[standard) Mean2

Middle range 2

120

130

140

153

160

170

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

f
t
420

120

130

140

150

160

17 0

180

190

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

420

over

15

23
12
8

36
24
12
“

35
12
23

57
29
28
“

68
49
19

108
70
38
“

85
68
17
3

22 3 204
161 184
62
20
6
11

205
189
16
6

223
180
43
41

1 86
156
30
26

116
105
11
10

47
32
15
15

17
15
2
2

9
9
-

10
7
3
i

4
4
-

*

%

100
Median2

<

113

3
3

t

*

%

%

*

s

*

t

S

t

*

S

S

S

S

%

and
under
110

and

»LL W O R K E R S
40.0
40 .0
39 .5
43 .0

$
238.53
2 4 5. 00
21 5 . 5 0
27 6 . 5 0

$
$
$
23 8. 00 1 9 8 . 5 0 - 2 7 7 . 5 0
24 5. 00 2 0 7 . 5 0 - 2 8 0 . OG
20 2. 50 1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 6 3 . 0 0
27 6. 00 2 6 3 . 0 0 - 2 9 5 . 5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------

1.671
1.306
365
121

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

175
153

43 .0 29 9 . 0 0 30 8. 00
43 .0 30 1. 50 309.00

280.50-319.50
290.00-319.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

3

12
11

15
11

12
11

22
20

72
69

26
21

9
8

i
i

i

i
1

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S B -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------

349
274
75

43 .0 25 8 . 0 0 25 7. 00
43 .0 26 8 . 0 0 26 6. 00
39. 5 22 1 . 0 0 20 1.00

225.00-290.50
238.50-293.53
185.00-247.00

“

“

“

-

~
“

“

10
10

4
4

16
2
14

6
4
2

41
21
20

52
47
5

52
46
6

48
46
2

63
61
2

31
30
i

17
to
7

“

“

6
4
2

3
3

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

726
575
151
60

40 .0
40 .0
39 .5
40 .0

22 8.00
23 0. 00
20 3. 50
28 2. 50

197.00-264.00
201.50-259.50
175.00-276.00
273.50-295.50

-

-

-

i
i
~

13
9
4

18
3
15

30
20
10
”

35
23
12

51
41
10

55
42
13
3

119
92
27
3

101
92
9
6

110
110
“

108
91
17
17

54
28
26
24

12
6
6
6

i
1
~

7
6
1
1

8
8
~

3
3
-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N 6 ----------

339
224
115

39. 5 19 5. 50 19 3. 50
40. 0 19 6 . 5 3 19 5. 53
39. 0 19 4 . 5 0 19 3. 00

165.00-224.00
172.00-219.50
141.50-252.50

3
3

15
15

19
12
7

23
15
8

17
9
8

17
9
8

29
26
3

38
27
11

24
22
2

60
48
12

3ft
33
5

23
17
6

26
3
23

3
3
-

i
i

3
3

-

-

“

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

5 B1
A 33
148
56

39.5
40. 0
38. 5
40 .0

20 2. 03
23 4. 00
19 0. 50
24 5. 50

170.03-246.50
173.50-247.50
169.00-245.50
224.50-251.50

8
4
4
"

6
6

25
17
8
~

17
15
2
“

76
53
23
~

56
32
24
4

42
35
7
1

41
37
4
3

66
58
8
5

67
47
20
13

79
46
33
27

71
68
3
3

13
7
6
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

-

”

12
6
6
“

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------

233
1 49
84

40 .0 17 6 . 5 3 16 9. 50
40. 0 17 3 . 0 0 16 5. 53
39.5 18 3. 00 1 7 0. 00

160.00-193.50
157.50-185.50
160.00-221.03

“

12
6
6

4
4
“

2
2
”

23
15
8

16
14
2

60
43
17

39
21
18

10
9
i

14
10
4

19
13
6

17
3
14

14
6
8

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ----N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------

348
64

39. 5 2 2 6 . 5 0 2 3 0. 50
3B.0 22 2 . 5 0 2 4 9. 50

195.50-257.50
185.50-251.50

-

-

4
4

4

2

1

16
6

17
6

32
6

27

47
2

50
6

65
25

68
3

13
6

2

_

-

-

-

-

T R A N S C R I B I N G — MACHINE TYPISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

50
34

40. 0 19 3 . 0 0 180. 53 1 6 2 . 5 0 - 2 2 0 . 5 0
40. 0 1 9 2 . 5 0 18 0. 00 1 6 2 . 0 0 - 2 2 8 . 5 0

“

“

2

3
2

2
2

3
3

6
6

6
4

9
4

-

6
3

4
4

3
3

6
3

_

-

-

“

“

-

T Y P I S T S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

44D
220
220
86

39. 5
40. 0
39 .0
40 .0

133.50-196.50
144.00-197.00
124,50-196.00
183.50-251.50

2
2
*

33
2
31
“

58
18
40

51
29
22
~

44
18
26
“

31
22
9
4

43
29
14
12

20
18
2
1

28
16
12
9

32
21
11
9

22
15
7
7

1R
17
1
1

40
7
33
33

8
8
-

6
~
6
6

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

”

10
9

25
13
12
9

27
16
11
9

18
11
7
7

7
7
“

28
5
23
23

7
7
-

-

“

-

-

-

-

~

-

“

“

10
9
i

3
3

5
5
~

4
4
-

ii
10
i
l

12
2
10
10

i
i
-

6
6
6

4
4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

"

10
6
4
4

26
14
1?
12

6
6
-

11
4
7
7

i
i
-

i

_
-

-

23 0 . 0 0
233.00
220.00
274.00

20 6 . 5 3
208.50
203.00
23 2 . 5 0

1 7 0. 50
174.00
167.50
222.50

16 0. 03
16 5. 00
145.00
23 8 . 5 0

_

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

IBB
110
78
61

40 .0
40. 0
39. 5
40. 0

19 1 . 5 0
18 6 . 5 0
19 9. 03
20 9 . 5 0

18 6. 00
18 3. 50
19 0. 50
19 7. 00

161.00-212.50
160.50-202.50
165.50-251.50
183.00-251.50

-

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

252
110
142
25

39. 5
40. 0
39. 0
40 .0

1 5 5. 00
162.00
15 3 . 0 0
25 3. 50

13 8. 00 1 2 3 . 5 0 - 1 6 4 . 5 0
15 3. 03 1 3 3 . 5 0 - 1 7 7 . 5 0
12 9. 00 1 2 0 . 0 0 - 1 4 5 . 0 0
2 4 5. 50 2 4 5 . 5 0 - 2 9 4 . 0 0

2
2

F I L E C L E R K S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

215
74
141
27

39. 5
40 .0
39. 0
40. 0

15 9 . 0 0 14 0. 00
18 2 . 5 0 18 5. 00
14 6 . 5 0 134.00
22 6 . 0 0 20 3. 00

123.00-191.50
162.00-215.00
120.00-140.50
203.00-245.50

15
“

“

13
8
2
~

10
5
5
“

14
11
3
~

33
16
14
12

56
16
40
“

41
21
20
~

34
13
21
~

17
11
6
4

13
13

~

33
2
31
~

13
2
11

33
6
24

29
3
26

30
4
26

21
2l

7
2
5

8
8
-

“

2
2

See footnotes at end of tables.




3

i

i

9
8
1

_

10
10
-

~

-

-

*

3
3
3

~

-

i
i

_

-

-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978— Continued
N um ber of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earnings of—
100

weekly

Occupation an d industry division
worker*

hours1
(standard)

S

*

Average

”

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

and
under

no

*

s

*

no

120

-

-

120

130

130

s

%

%

150

160

%

s

%

s

%

s

%

«

%

*

*

%

<

"

170

180

190

200

220

2*0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

420

-

140

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

2*0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

420

over

1 40

150

1 60

170

180

190

200

220

-

1

2

2

2

3

3

2

6

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
4

7
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

_
-

_

-

1
1

_

-

7
7

17
12

_

-

-

_

_

“

-

“

-

"

3
3

2
1

3
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

2
1
i
“

_
-

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
FI L E C L E R K S - C O N T I N U E D
FILE C L E R K S .

C L A S S A ---------------

26

$
$
$
$
* 0 . 0 2 0 5 . 0 0 20 0 . 0 0 1 7 6 . 5 0 - 2 3 4 . 5 0

-

103
65

39. 5 1 5 9 . 5 0 1* 0 . 0 0
39. 0 1 5 1 . 5 0 13 9. 00

133.50-185.00
130.00-140.50

-

12
6

10
10

18
18

18
18

3
1

6
-

7
-

7

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S C --------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

86
72

39. 5 1 4 4 . 0 0 1 2 3. 00
39. 5 1 4 1 . 5 0 1 2 3. 00

114.00-149.50
114.00-141.50

13
11

18
18

19
16

12
8

2
2

2
2

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

M E S S E N G E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

102
81

*0.0
*0 . 0

1 4 5 . 5 0 13 8. 00
1 4 1 . 5 0 13 8. 00

123.00-156.00
123.00-153.00

8
6

35
26

10
10

17
17

10
10

4
4

9
4

1
1

3
2

_

S U I T C H B O A R O O P E R A T O R S ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

70
50

39. 0 1 7 3 . 0 0 16 6. 00
39. 0 1 5 9 . 5 0 1* 5 . 0 0

126.00-220.00
120.00-183.00

7
7

10
6

5
5

2
2

8
8

2
2

2
1

5
4

9
7

1
“

1
-

7
3

6
4

3
-

1

SWITCHBOARD OP ER AT OR-RECEPTIONISTSM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

199
82
117
25

*0. 0
49. 0
40. 0
*0.0

15 *. 00
1 5 9. 00
1* 6 . 0 0
15 5 . 0 0

136.00-180.00
143.00-180.00
121.00-184.00
155.00-203.00

-

27
10
17
“

19
1
18
3

22
2
20

23
19
4
“

35
10
25
12

15
13
2

5
4
i

21
16
5

6
2
4

19
2
17
6

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

4
4
4

ORDER C L E R K S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

2 36
137
99

*0. 0 1 9 4 . 5 0 18 3. 00
39. 5 1 8 7 . 5 0 1 7 3. 50
*0. 0 2 0 5 . 0 0 21 8. 50

149.50-243.50
149.00-208.50
158.50-25*.00

-

3
2
1

23
17
6

22
10
12

14
9
5

27
21
6

13
8
5

10
4
6

17
11
6

24
19
5

13
2

71

n

26
14
12

3
24

7
7
-

2
2
-

3
3
-

1
1

OR DE R C L ER KS . CL AS S A ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

100
37

39 . 5 2 2 4 . 5 0 23 0 . 0 0
39. 0 1 9 9 . 5 0 20 3. 50

184.00-260.00
153.00-205.00

-

-

2
2

2
2

2
2

4
4

5

-

13
7

-

ii
-

12
-

24
-

4
4

1
i

i
i

_

-

19
14

OR DE R C L ER KS . CL A S S B ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

136
100

* 0 . 0 1 7 3 . 0 0 1 5 5. 50
*0. 0 1 8 2 . 5 0 16 1. 00

138.00-190.50
140.00-221.50

-

3
2

21
15

20
8

12
7

23
17

8
8

13
4

4
4

4
4

5
5

2
2

14
14

3
3

3
3

1
1

2
2

1
1

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1.025
599
A 81
156

*0.0
40 . 0
*0.0
*0. 0

158.50-254.00
180.00-265.00
143.50-217.00
212.50-263.00

-

23
2
21

36
36

44
15
29
-

106
23
83

56
31
25
3

53
22
31

57
38
19
-

59
28
31
6

52
43
12
-

135
60
75
42

89
56
33
23

115
70
45
42

103
83
20
20

62
53
9
9

22
11
11
11

7
7
-

1
1
“

3
3
“

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

551
347
20*

*0. 0 2 3 0 . 5 0 23 *. 00 1 9 6 . 0 0 - 2 6 7 . 5 0
* 0 . 0 2 4 3 . 0 0 2*8. 30 2 1 1 . 0 0 - 2 7 5 . 5 0
39. 5 2 0 9 . 0 0 20 5. 50 1 7 9 . 0 0 - 2 5 4 . 0 0

-

-

5
5

9
4
5

25
3
22

17
11
6

14
6
8

21
13
11

3*
14
20

27
19
8

75
37
38

66
48
18

95
53
42

79
67
12

56
53
3

16
11
5

6
6
-

1
1
-

3
3
-

2
1
1

.
-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

474
197
277
74

43. 9
*0.0
*0. 0
*0.0

1 6 5. 00
18 0. 00
15 0. 00
21 2. 50

142.00-212.50
157.50-206.00
136.00-212.50
212.50-263.00

23
2
21
~

31

35
n
24

8l
20
61

39
20
19
3

39
16
23

36
28
8

25
14
11
-

25
21
4
-

60
23
37
36

23
8
15
1*

23
17
3
1

24
16
8
8

6
6
6

6
6
6

1
i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

P A YR OL L C L E R K S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

199
120
79

*0 . 0 2 2 5 . 5 0 23 6 . 0 0
*0 . 0 2 1 3 . 0 0 20 6. 50
40. 0 2 4 5 . 0 0 25 4. 00

181.50-273.50
176.00-251.00
234.00-276.00

1

3
2
1

3
2
1

6
6

10
10
-

11
10
1

26
24
2

15
8
7

35
18
17

45
13
32

7
3

7
6
1

2

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

~

21
11
10

3
3

1

4
4
~

2

-

-

-

-

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

630
309
321

*0. 0 2 0 3 . 0 0 19 8. 00
40. 0 2 1 1 . 0 0 20 4. 00
* 0 . 0 1 9 5 . 5 0 16 6.00

160.00-245.00
184.50-236.50
156.50-254.00

-

10

19

63
16
47

40
17
23

87
15
72

31
23
8

31
28
3

39
24
15

96
75
21

4R

57
23
3*

86
28
58

9
6
3

6
6

i
i

-

-

FILE C L E R K S . C L A S S B -------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

158.50
161.00
156.50
186.53

206.00
223.50
186.00
2*2.00

177.50
189.50
169.50
23*.50

2 0 5. 00
22 5 . 0 0
1 7 9. 00
25 4. 00

~
-

-

-

-

31
“

4
6

..

See footnotes at end of tables.




4

19

4
4
-

36
12

4
7
7

-

-

-

_

-

“

-

-

_
-

_

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings*
(standard)
N

U.
of
woxkers

Average
weekly

N u m b e r of w o rk er s receiving straight-time w e e k l y earnings of—
1

s

1

*

*

%

*

%

s

*

(standard) Mean 2

110

120

130

iao

150

16 0

170

180

190

110

Occupation and industry division

120

130

1 AO

150

163

17 0

180

190

200

“
~

~

~

2

3
2
1

5
4
i

13
9
*

11
8
3

16
15
1

28
15
13

-

-

10
4
6

17

60
1A
A6

35
13
22

7A
6
68

20
15
5

15
13
2

11
9
2

100
Median2

Middle range 2

«

i
200 220

S

%

%

i

*

<

i

*

*

2A0

260

280

300

32 0

3A0

360

380

*20

220 2A0

260

280

300

320

3 A0

360

380

420

over

72
69
3

44
32
12

17
17
~

85
27
58

6
6
”

6
6

*

1
1
~

~

2A
6
18

*
4

A0
6
3A

i
i

i
i

3
3

-

-

and
under

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S - C O N T I N U E D
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

313
215
98

$
AD. 0 23 0. 00
AO. 0 22 3. 50
*9 .0 2 A A . 0 0

$
22 A. 50
215.50
27 6. 00

$
$
200.00-272.50
2 0 0 . 5 0 - 2 A 5.00
201.50-276.00

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------------

317
9*
223

*3 .0 17 6. 50 160.00
*3. 0 1B 2 . 5 0 176.00
*0. 0 17 A . 00 160.00

1*7.00-196.03
152.00-196.00
1AA.50~19A.00

2

See footnotes at end of tables.




5

17

-

4

-

2
-

2
-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978
(standard)
N
Occupation and industry division

U.

workers

Average
weekly
hours1

Mean2

Median2

Middle range 2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time we ek ly earnings of—
4
%
«
*
4
*
1
s
4
4
4
s
*
4
4
4
4
*
s
4
190
170
200
220
2*0
260
160
280
300
320
3*0
180
360
380
*00
*23
440
460
500
5*0
Under
and
4
under
160
3*3
36 0
380
200
190
220
2*0
260
280
*20
4*3
300
320
400
*60
580
500
5*0
170
180

ALL W O R K E R S
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(BUSIN ES S) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

200

$
$
*0. 0 * 1 2 . 5 0 *1 4. 00
*0 . 0 * 1 6 . 5 0 *1 7. 50

$
$
367.00-456.00
372.00-462.00

COMPUTER SY ST EM S ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

96
92

*0. 0 * 5 1 . 0 0 *5 2 . 0 0
43. 0 * 5 2 . 5 0 *5 4. 00

*18.00-476.50
»2*.00-*76.50

COMPUTER SYST EM S ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S B -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

105
94

*0.0
*0 . 0

3 9 1 . 5 0 39 2.50
3 9 0 . 5 0 39 2.00

352.50-424.50
352.00-*20.50

_

956

*0. 0 3 3 2 . 0 0 32 8. 00
*0 . 0 3* 3 . 0 0 3* 2. 50
3 9 . 5 29 3 . 0 0 28 5 . 0 0

283.00-377.50
294.50-385.50
265.00-328.00

2
2

-

357
99

1
1

"

"

'

159
121
38

*0 . 0 38 7 . 5 0 38 6. 00
*0. 0 * 0 7 . 0 0 *0 4. 50
*0 . 0 3 2 * . 5 0 32 0. 00

35*.50-426.00
379.00-432.00
298.50-359.00

_

_

_

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS) —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
CL A S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

225

-

-

-

_

'
-

_

283.00-3*5.50
299.00-351.50
259.00-285.00

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
CL A S S C ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

70
59

* 0 . 0 26 1 . 5 0 26 5 . 5 0
*0 . 0 2 6 * . 0 0 26 6. 00

2*8.50-283.00
2*8.50-282.50

2
2

_

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

287
194
93

*0. 0 2 6 0 . 0 0 27 0. 00
• 0. 0 2 6 7 . 0 0 2 7 0 . 5 0
* 0 . 0 2 * 5 . 5 0 26 0. 00

216.00-297.50
218.50-30*.00
212.00-276.00

13
2
*11

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . CL A S S A --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

109
65
39

* 0 . 0 2 8 8 . 0 0 2 7 7. 50
* 0 . 0 2 9 8 . 5 0 31 2. 00
* 0 . 0 2 7 1 . 0 0 27 6 . 0 0

262.50-322.50
262.50-335.00
263.50-276.00

~

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . CL A S S B --M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

1*9
106
*3

*0. 0 2 5 0 . 0 0 25 4 . 0 0
* 0 . 0 25 8 . 5 0 26 1 . 0 0
* 0 . 0 2 2 8 . 0 0 2 3 2. 00

208.00-288.00
216.50-297.00
1 8 4« 50” 2 7 6 • 0 0

43 . 0

2 1 8 . 0 0 2 2 1. 00

D
11

12
R

18
1*

18
16

22
16

29
2S

31
29

20
16

31
30

13
13

10
10

_

_

3
3

7
4

13
13

16
16

14
i*

25
2*

11
11

5
5

_

-

_

_

_

2
2

4
4

1

1
1

1
_

_

6
6

7
7

16
13

13
13

12
12

16
15

15
13

6
2

3
3

*3
38
5

46
3*
12

50
*2
8

48
•2
6

39
34
5

2*
2*
~

23
20
_

10
10
~

11
11

7

7
2

22
22
~

23
20
~

11
11
~

-

5

27
23
4

3
3

5

2*
18
6

10
10

8

15
10
5

33
33

_
“

_

_
-

~

_
~

_

4
4

1*
7
7

27
20
7

55
3*
21

57
3*
23

_

-

_

5

8

"
_

5
4

5

~

_
~

i
i

ii
4
7

12
6
6

25
12
13

36
2*
12

1
1

3
~

3
3

15
14

25
22

13
10

10
9
i

35
23
12

26
17
9

31
21
10

57
20
37

12
11
1

2
2
“

1
1

i
i

1
1

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

30
2*
6

31
30
1

18
14
a

11
11
-

2
2
"

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

“

-

8
8

5
1
4

2
i
1

9
*
5

29
7
22

6
4
2

15
1*
1

17
13
4

9
9
-

12
2
10

-

2
2
“

6
4
2

i
i

26
21
5

16
12
4

1*
12
2

27
12
15

2*
20
4

16
16

1
1
-

178.00-2*7.00

1

2

7

i

i

4

8

8

1

-

-

3
3

22
17

i«
i*

2l
2l

59
58

57
51

101
85

97
35

102
79

67
53

-

-

1

1

6

32

8

2
2

-

2
2

9
9

36
36

**
2*

6*
*9

*0.0 283.50 27*.00
40 . 0 2 8 3 . 5 0 27 6 . 0 0

239.50-320.00
226.00-320.00

12
12

81

*0 . 0 2 8 5 . 0 0 26 7 . 0 0

267.00-326.00

-

-

5

D R AF TE RS . C L A S S A ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------

326
262

*0. 0 32 2 . 5 0 3 0 2. 00
* 0 . 0 3 2 6 . 0 0 3 0 3. 00

27*.00-352.00
274.00-354.00

-

-

-

2 at $ 140 to $ 150; and 9 at $ 150 to $ 160.

See footnotes at end of tables.

6

"

23
23
~

9
9
“

7*3
582

~

34
31
3

2
2
“

5

~

38
31
7

1

2

~

3
3
“

_
-

1
1

O R A F T E R S -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------nonmanufacturing:
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------




_

"

* 0 . 0 31 5 . 0 0 31 7.00
*0 . 0 32 5 . 0 0 32 6. 00
39. 5 2 7 9 . 0 0 26 9 . 5 0

* W orkers were distributed as follows:

~

9

227
177
50

34

“

“

_
-

CL AS S C ---

“

2

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)
CL A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

~

2
2

8
7

9

"

-

~

1
1
-

1
1
-

-

2
2
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

2
2
“

i
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1

-

1
1
-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

72

27
18

15
15

8
8

5

52

27
22

5

2
2

1*
14

12
12

6
6

4

15

-

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*2
32

35
30

23
18

25
16

10
10

2
2

-

1*
1*

12
12

6
6

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978— Continued
Weekly earnings1
(standard)

N um ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t-t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—

Average
weekly
hour.1
(standard) Mean2

Occupa ti on an d industry division

170

ISO

190

200

22 0

24 0

26 0

280

30 0

320

340

36 0

380

400

420

440

460

50 0

540

18 0

19Q

200

223

240

260

28 0

300

32 0

340

36 0

380

400

420

44 0

460

500

540

580

46
46

160

21

46
45

and
under
170

ALL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
ORAFTERS - CONTINUED
D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

ELECTRONICS

TECHNICIANS.

CLASS

TECHNICIANS.

CLASS

.

2 3 1. 50
2 0 6. 00

2 0 0 . 0 0 - 253.00
174.00- 2 3 1 . 5 0

287.
206.

2 9 5. 00
30 0. 00

259.00- 3 3 3 . 0 0
259.50- 3 3 3 . 0 0

31 0. 50
31 0. 50

294.
296.

29 4. 00 276.00- 3 1 9 . 5 0
29 5. 00 277.50- 3 1 9 . 5 0

202

137
1 01

W orkers were distributed as follow s:

26

*10
10

20

25
21
11

1

1
14
14

17

24
24

259.00- 3 3 3 . 0 0
259.00- 3 3 3 . 0 0
215.00-269.00
12
11

4 at $ 120 to $ 130; and 6 at $130 to $140.

See footnotes at end of tables.




21

295.00-342.50

C-

R E G I S T E R E D I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

*

2 6 7. 00 219.50- 3 0 9 . 0 0
2 4 8. 00 215.00- 3 0 2 . 5 0

A-

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S BM A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------ELECTRONICS

268.
264.

297.
297.

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

|
$

225.

297
246

7

14
14

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Akron, Ohio, December 1978
Se x , 1 occupation, an d industry division

OF F I C E

OCCUPATIONS

Weekly
Weekly
hour*
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

HEN
*0. 0
*0. 0 1 * 2 . 0 0
40. 0 2 * 8 . 5 0

OR D E R C L E R K S ---------------OROER CLERKSe

CL A S S

Sex, 5 occupation, and industry division

Weekly
Weekly
hour*1 earnings1
(standard) (standard)

40 . 0 2 4 3 . 5 0

A —

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R I C S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

40 . 0 2 5 1 . 5 0
*0. 0 2 4 7 . 0 0

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C L A S S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

40 . 0 2 6 5 . 5 0
40.0 262.00

S E C R E T A R I E S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

*0.0
40. 0
39. 5
*0 . 0

238.50
245.00
215.50
276.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S A -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

*0 . 0 2 9 Q . 00
*0. 0 3 0 1 . 5 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

*0. 0 2 5 8 . 0 0
40 . 0 2 6 8 . 0 0
39. 5 2 2 1 . 0 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL A S S C -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -------

40 . 0
43 . 0
39. 5
40 . 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------

22*
115

39. 5 1 9 5 . 5 0
*0. 0 1 9 6 . 5 0
39. 0 1 9 4 . 5 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

552
*31

39 .5
*0 . 0

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------

223

40. 0 1 7 4 . 0 0
*0. 0 1 7 2 . 0 0
39. 5 1 7 7 . 5 0

1*7
75

204.50
208.50

TYPISTS. CLASS B M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUF ACTURINS

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S --------------

308
210
98

$
43. 3 2 3 0 . 5 0
40.0 224.50
*0. 0 2 4 4 . 0 0

FI L E C L E R K S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURINS

39 .5 15 3. 50
40 . 0 1 7 8 . 5 0
39.0 14 1 . 0 0

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L » S S B M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S --------------

316
94
222

*0. 0 1 7 6 . 5 0
40. 0 1 8 2 . 5 0
40. 0 1 7 4 . 0 0

202
184

40 . 0 4 1 9 . 5 0
40 . 0 4 2 2 . 0 0

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S A ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

94
90

40. 0 4 5 1 . 5 0
40. 0 4 5 3 . 0 0

C O MP UT ER S Y ST EM S ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . C L A S S B ----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------

90
82

*0. 0 3 9 7 . 0 0
*0. 0 3 9 5 . 5 0

353
282
71

40. 0 3 4 2 . 5 0
40.0 353.50
39 . 5 3 0 0 . 0 0

C O MP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS!.
C L A S S A ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

147
115

40. 0 3 9 1 . 5 0
40. 0 4 0 8 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S (B U S I N E S S ! .
C L A S S B ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------

171
1 34
37

40. 0 3 1 6 . 5 0
40.0 329.00
39.0 272.50

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B US IN ES S! .
C L A S S C ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------

35
33

40 . 0 2 6 3 . 0 0
*0.0 262.00

231
157
74

*0. 0 2 6 5 . 0 0
40.0 274.00
40.0 246.00

96
58
38

40. 0 2 9 1 . 5 0
40.0 305.00
40.0 271.50

109
83
26

40.0 252.50
40.0 264.00
40.0 215.50

FI LE C L E R K S . CL A S S B
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---

39.5 15 2 . 5 0
39. 0 14 0 . 0 0
39.5 1 4 4. 00
39. 5 1* 1 . 5 0
32

NONMANUFACTURINS

40 .0 15 3 . 0 0
40. 0 14 1 . 5 0

67
50

M E S S E N G E R S -----MANUFACTURING

39. 0 17 0 . 5 0
39 . 0 15 9 . 5 0

199
82
117
25

OROER CLERKS.

15 8 . 5 0
16 1 . 0 0
15 6 . 5 0
18 6. 50

170

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -PUBLIC UTILITIES

*0 . 0
40 .0
40. 0
40. 0
39.5
39 .5

39.5 20 0 . 0 0

A

OR O E R C L ER KS . CL AS S B
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------

90

40. 0 1 6 4. 50
40. 0 17 2 . 5 0

960
*85
*75
152

A C C O U N T I N G CL ER KS . C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURINS —

40 .0
40 .0
*0. 0
40 .0

#98

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -PUBLIC UTILITIES

40 . 0 22 6 . 5 0
43 .0 24 0. 00
39. 5 20 6 . 5 0

299

199

A C C O U N T I N G C L ER KS . C
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----NONMANUFACTURINS —
PUBLIC UTILITIES

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------

17 4. 00
17 8. 50

11*

CL AS S

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN

39. 5 2 2 5 . 0 0

S E N I O R ----

TRANSCRI 8I NS -M AC BI NE TYPISTS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------T Y P I S T S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------T Y P I S T S . CL A S S A ----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------

40. 0 1 9 2 . 5 0
40. 0 1 9 1 . 5 0
*05
220

185

16*
110

39. 5 1 6 5 . 0 0
40 . 0 1 7 4 . 0 0
39. 0 1 5 4 . 0 0

1 7 7. 50
19 0. 00
16 9 . 0 0
23 4 . 0 0

40. 0 1 8 5 . 0 0
43. 0 1 8 6 . 5 0

*62
186
275

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . CL A S S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---------

*0 .0 20 3 . 0 0
*0 .0 21 1 . 5 0
40 .0 19 5 . 5 0

CO MP UT ER OPERATORS.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---NONMANUFACTURINS -

11*

See footnotes at end of tables.




40 . 0 2 2 3 . 0 0
40. 0 21 0. 50
40. 0 24 2 . 5 0

624
30*
320

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURINS

40.
40.
40.
40.

72

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURINS

8

0
0
0
0

20 3 . 0 0
22 0 . 5 0
18 5 . 0 0
2 * 0. 50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUF ACTURINS

186

STENOGRAPHERS.

Weekly
earnings^
(standard)

$
39 .5 15 0 . 5 0
40. 0 1 6 2 . 0 0
38 .5 14 0 . 5 0

MANUFACTURING
230.00
233.00
220.00
274.00

Weekly
houn

KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S - C O N T I N U E D

TYPISTS - CONTINUEO

FI L E C L E R K S . CL A S S C
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ---

O F F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S - WO M E N

Sex, J occupation, a n d industry division

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS W O ME N— CONTINUEO

OF F I C E O C C U P A T I O N S
WOME N— CONTINUEO

-----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

messengers

verage
lean*)

Average
(mean2)

“ S5T

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --N O N M A N U F A C T U R T NG

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Akron, Ohio, December 1978— Continued
A vertat
(mean*)
Sex, * occupation, a n d industry division

Number
at

woikers

Weekly
Weekhr
hour*
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
O C CU PA TI ON S - HEN— CONT IN UE D

CLASS

C ------

26

$
*0 .0 2 2 0 . 5 0

ELECTRONICS
CONTINUED

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------- >
----

3X5
256

40. 0 3 2 5 . 0 0
*0 .0 32 8 . 0 0

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

247
231

*0 . 0 2 6 9 . 0 0
*0 .0 2 6 5 . 0 0

, c l a s s c ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

89
50

*0 .0 2 2 9 . 5 0
*0. 0 20 7 . 5 0

133
97

*0. 0 2 8 9 . 5 0
*0. 0 2 9 9 . 0 0

TECHNICIANS.

drafters

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------technicians

, class

a-

52

*0 .0

CL A S S 8-

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
Weekly
hour*
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

52
52

$
*0 . 0 2 9 7 . 0 0
*0.0 297.00

(BUSINESS) -

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS).

$

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------TECHNICIANS.

103
75
28

*3. 0 26 0 . 0 3
43 .0 26 7 . 0 0

56
37

43. 0 23 8 . 5 0
43.0 23 6. 50

CL A S S B ------

*0

43. 0 2* 3 . 0 0

----------------------

27

*3.0 23 1. 50

*5
*3

43.0 2 9 *. 50
40.0 2 9 6. 00

*0 . 0 2 3 8 . 5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WOMEN
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R S ( B U S I N E S S ) --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

35
26

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

29

*0 .0 31 3. 00

I N D U S T R I A L N U R S E S ------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

CL A S S C-

56
*3

CO MPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S C -----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

ELECTRONICS

*0. 0 2 9 5 . 5 0
*0. 0 3 0 3 . 0 0
43. 0 2 7 5 . 0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS.
drafters:
manufacturing

REGISTERED

31 0 . 5 0

See footnotes at end of tables.




Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CONTINUED

*0 . 0 2 8 6 . 0 0

electronics

Weekly
Weekly
hoursf
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

TECHNICIANS -

ELECTRONICS

673
555

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean*)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - MEN — CONTINUED

COHPUTER OPERATORS - CONTINUED
COHPUTER OPERATORS.

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

9

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978
Hourly earnings *
Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2 Median2

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—
i
*
1 ---- T ---- i
*
%
S
*
s
s
S
5. 6 0 5. 80 6.00 6.20 6. 90 6 .60 6.83 7.00 7.20 7.90 7. 60 7 .80 8. 03
Under
Middle range 2
and
S
5.60 under
5. 80 6. 00 6.20

6.40 6. 60 6 .80 7.03

7.20 7.90

r.60

7, 80 8 ,00

S

S

S

8. 20 8. 90

S

8. 60

8. 80

t
---- 1 ---- t
■*---9. 03 9. 20 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 9 0

8. 80 9. 00

9. 23 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 .9p over

and

8. 20 8. 90

8. 60

AL L W O R K E R S
M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

130
125

$
7. 91
7.92

$
8.25
8. 27

$
7. 90 7.37-

$
8. 29
8. 29

6
6

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

512
485

8.2?
8. 23

8. 29
8. 29

7. 80- 8. 29
7. 80- 8. 29

4
4

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

78
76

8. 1 8
8. 20

8.21
8.21

7. 5 3- 8. 42
7. 53- 8. 42

m a c h i n i s t s --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

319
319

7. 98
7. 98

8. 29
8. 29

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

804
7B3

8. 06
8. 07

8.27
8.27

maintenance

"

6
6

-

12
12

8
8

4
2

3
2

6
6

10
8

63
63

6
6

18
18

10
10

20
20

2
2

5
5

92
91

13

2
2

31
31

19
19

215
215

2
2

_

2
2

2
2

_

25
23

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

3
3

16
16

-

92
92

5
5

20
20

11
11

-

4
9

5
5

-

29
29

16
16

10
4

36
36

5
5

19
19

53
53

39
29

5
5

37
37

38
32
6
3

19
12
2

_

-

6
6

10
4
6

6
6

-

"

-

_

_

-

-

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

7. 1 3- 8. 29
7.13- 8. 29

_

_

_

_

-

-

"

7.9 3- 8. 29
7.4 3- 8. 29

20
20

-

“

2
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ! --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

531
1A1
390
355

8. 98
7.93
9. 36
9. 49

9. 55
7. 93
9. 58
9. 58

8.2 57. 20 9.5 59. 55 -

9. 60
8. 48
9. 60
9. 63

4
4

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

A30
930

8. 28
8. 2 8

8. 29
8. 29

8. 21 8.21-

8. 29
8. 29

-

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L w o r k e r s --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

107
107

8. 45
8. 45

8.29
8.29

8.2 8- 8. 29
8.28- 8. 29

_

M I L L W R I G H T S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

86
86

9. 35 10 . 0 5
9. 35 10 . 0 5

8.4 8- 10. 06
8.48- 10. 06

_

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

90
90

6. 58
6. 58

6.68
6.68

6.07- 6. 82
6.0 7- 6. 82

-

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

193
193

8. 20
8. 20

8. 37
8.37

7.167.16-

a. 37
8. 37

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

121
121

8. 38
8. 38

8. 29
8. 29

8.218.21-

8. 29
8. 29

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------------

53
51

7. 37
7. 41

7. 35
7. 35

6.336. 72 -

8. 15
8. 18

_

6
6

4
4

-

-

6
6

13
13

-

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

*

-

-

_

_

-

_

_

-

5
5

-

6
6

12
12

12
12

5
5

-

8
8

-

-

-

8
8

_

-

”

8
8

6
4

10

4
4

-

_

_

_

20
20

8
8

-

-

-

-

-

-

173
173

20
20

_

_

_

-

-

-

*

33
24

360
360

69
65

-

-

-

"

“

"

36
36
19

22
22
-

7
7
-

6

_

-

-

-

6
6

44
44

19
19

235
235

50
50

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

“

9
9

_

74
74

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

*

-

-

i

_

i

13
10

_

“

_

-

4
4

-

-

*

18
18

-

4
4

-

-

i

-

-

*

-

i

-

-

12
12

-

_

i

-

_

35
35

12
12

8

i

8

i

-

4
4

8
8

i

-

-

i

~

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

4
4

9
9

-

-

8
8

-

55
92

”

-

-

~

_

-

5
5

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




12
12

i

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

72
72

-

-

4
4

10
10

-

-

23
23

_

84
84

-

29
29

_

-

-

-

~

-

213
213
213

-

116
1
115
115

'
-

~

91
91

_

-

-

16
16

-

-

-

-

*

“

62
6?

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

“

-

22
22

13
13

8
8

3
3

4
4

_

65
65

-

10
10

73
73

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

6
6

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
6

-

-

-

~

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978
Hourly earnings *

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s receiving straight-time hourly earnings of—

f
t

%

3.20

3.40

f
t
s
f
t
f
t
f
t
s
f
t
f
t
f
t
3.60 3. 80 4.00 4 . 2 0 4 .40 4. 80 5. 20 5. 60 6. 00

3.20 3.40

3.60

3. 80 4. 00

4.20

f
t
4
f
t
2.60 2. 80 3. 00
Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

5.20

5.60

21
21
-

7
7
-

70
70

-

7
7

-

-

10
10
~

4
4
“

2
2

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

4. 4 0 4 .80

3.00

-

-

-

1
1
“

3
3
~

3
3
-

-

-

10
10
-

-

-

1
“

3

3

“

-

-

-

-

_

T R U C K O R I V E R S -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N N A N U F A C T U R T N S ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

1. 3 8 5
535
B50
52 6

$
8. 09
7. 04
8. 75
9. 34

$
8.13
7.19
9.18
9.48

$
$
7. 50 - 9.48
5.94- 7.81
8. 13 - 9.4 8
9. 18 - 9.48

TRUCKO RI VE RS * LIGHT TRUCK —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

39
30

5. 8 0
6. 23

6.45
6. 45

4. 75 - 7.14
5. 88 - 7.14

-

TRUCKO RI VE RS . MEDIUM TRUCK
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------

302
179
123

7. 41
7. 03
7. 96

7.93
6. 50
8.13

6. 50 - 8.13
5.70- 9.67
7. 93 - 8.13

~

_
~

~

-

_
-

_
-

_

_
-

_
-

_

'

'

"

'

"

'

. h e a v y TRUCK
( T RA IL ER ! -------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

truckdrivers

T R U C K O R I V E R S . H E A V Y TR U C K
(O T H E R T H A N T R A I L E R ! ------

1 ---f
t
f
t
A
f
t
f
t
f
t
f
t
6.40 6 • 80 7. 20 7. 60 8. 00 8.40 8.80 9.20 9.60

and
under
2.80

ALL W O R K E R S

f
t

~

842
633
<188

8.68
9. 0 3
9. 35

9. 18
9.18
9. 48

7. 81 9.189.18-

9.48
9.48
9.4 8

~

6. 0 0 6.40 6.80

”

1R
18

-

31
31
-

-

7

18
18
“

27
27

7

2

7

-

'

7. 20 7.80

8.00

8.40

8.80 9.20 9.60 over

322
6
316
316

49
49

~

-

~

-

*

-

*49
49

"

"

"

'

204
204
204

286
280
280

_
-

53
53
-

86
29
57
1

294
162
132

148
19
1 29

3

204

*

62
80
2
2

3
3

204
204

3
3

5
5

13
13

2

-

-

“

9
9
“

45
43
2

13
13
~

20
2
18

30
30

75
2
73

6
”

7
“

17

11
1
1

248
86
“

56
56
~

3
3
3

~

"

83

7. 33

7. 30

7. 30 -

7.66

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

5

5

36

16

15

-

-

1

-

76
44
32

6. 4 6
6. 7 3
6. 09

6.20
6. 38
5.50

5. 71 5. 93 4. 9 0 -

7.33
7.33
7.79

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

3

-

5

~

3

6
6

~

1
1
“

i
i

3

4
4

-

“

4
4

-

“

10
0
l

18
18

“

12
12
“

2
2

_

7
1
6

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------

149
97
52

6. 30
6. 4 3
6. 06

6. 88
6. 88
6.90

5.006.344. 54 -

7.33
7.33
7.33

-

-

2
*
2

“

-

11
9
2

2
2

7
7

8
8

9
9
“

1
1

6
4

3

18
18

42
28
14

10
10

~

-

-

-

1

30
26
4

-

7

~

”

~

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

127
106

5. 7 8
5. 84

5.70
5.70

4.894. 89 -

6.58
6.58

-

-

-

~

~

-

~

ii
9

49
39

1

11
9

7

9
5

-

4
4

4
4

-

-

-

~

36
36

“

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------

246
108
138

5.91
6. 33
5. 5 9

5.49
6.35
5.25

5.25- 6.90
5.49- 8.26
4. 96 - 6.90

-

4
4

2
2

8
8

-

3
3

3
2
1

-

5
5

3
2
1

31
1
30

71
11
60

13
13
-

23
23
-

7
7
-

32
~
32

6
6

_
-

35
35

-

-

-

“

O R D E R F I L L E R S ------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------

410
70
340

6. 28
6. 0 9
6. 3 2

6. 17
5. 83
7. 19

4. 96 - 7.34
5. 83 - 6.17
4. 96 - 7.36

-

“

*

~

-

-

2

-

-

-

42
34
8

16
14

_
-

28
28

171
13
158

-

-

*
-

-

-

-

"

151
9
142

-

2

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------

170
130
40

5. 85
6. 04
5. 23

5. 38
5.84
4. 96

4.80- 7.26
4.80- 8.16
4. 91 - 5.22

-

-

19
18
i

1

17
15
2

33
13
20

12
12
“

13
11
“

23
21

3
3
-

_
-

9
i
8

_
-

*

-

-

34
34
-

-

7

-

MATERIAL HANOLINS LABORERS —
M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ----------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ---------

1. 45 8
735
723
460

7.81
7. 06
8.56
9.41

8. 12
7.21
9. 43
9.43

6.996.517.599.4 3-

9.43
8.12
9.4 3
9.4 3

-

-

-

48
48
-

8
8

17
5
12
“

26
26
-

154
154
“

97
79
18
3

203
64
139

97
24
73
-

2 67
267
-

-

16
16
-

457

"

50
44
6
~

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S ------------

1. 2 0 8
1.038
170

7. 24
7. 0 9
8. 19

7.55
7. 5 5
7.82

6.215.907. 24 -

8.26
8.26
9.43

-

-

93
93

60
60

16
16

100
100

103
103

32
32

88
46
42

119
76
43

33
33

450
4 30
20

41
41

S H I P P I N 6 C L E R K S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------

*

-

~

-

-

-

2

3

1

2

3
2
2

4

-

6
6
“

-

-

-

-

1

4
“

5
5
“

1
”

-

-

-

W orkers w ere at $ 9 .6 0 to $ 1 0 .

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

1

11

-

1

5

7

7

-

~

-

45 7
45 7
71
6
65

-

-

2
2

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1978— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

Number of workers receiving straight-tim e hourly earnings of—
1
1
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
5
S
5
2. 60 2. 8 0 3.00 3.20 3. *0 3.60 3. 80 *.00 4.20 * . * 0 4. 80 5.20 5 .60 6. 00

Number
Occupation and industry division

workers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

(
i
i
*
*
s
s
*
%
6. * 0 6. 8 0 7. 2 D 7. 60 8. 00 8. 4 0 8 . 8 0 9. 2 0 9 . 6 0

and
under

and

2 . BO 3. 00 3.20 3. *0 3.60

3.80 *. 00

f t . 20 *.*0 4.80

5.20 5.60 6 ,00 6. *0 6 . 8 0 7. 2 0

7. 6 0

8. 00 f . 40 8 . 8 0 9 . 2 0 9 . 6 0 over _
t

*LL W O R K E R S —
CONTINUED
P O W E R - T R U C K O P E R A T O R S ( O TH ER
THAN F O R K L I F T » -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

151
12*

$
7.52
7. 55

$
7.*5
7. *7

$
$
7. 2 9 - 8.01
7. 8 5 - 8. 39

6U AR 0S AND W A T C H M E N -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N B ------------------

703
291
*12

* . 67
7. 13
2. 94

3.25
7. 15
2.75

2. 75 7.052. 75 -

7.11
7. 29
2.90

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

273

7. 23

7. 2 5

7.05-

7. 2 9

J A NI TO RS . P O R T E R S . AND C L E A N E R S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R T N G -----------------PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S ----------------

2* 2 6 8
1. 3 1 9
949
*7

5.12
6. 39
3. 3*
5. 80

5.46
6. 36
3. 20
5.1*

3. 35 6. 00 2. 7 5 5. 1 * -

6.5*
7. 05
3.35
5.81

10
10

-

102

5

10

8

102

5

ID

8

1

31*
31*

94
1
93

65
2
63

249
2*9

44
44

34
4
30

1

6

8

2l

6

8

66
7
59

33
18
15

16
15
1

21

14
10
*

-

-

3
2
1

3
3

3

2*3
2*3

See footnotes at end of tables.

12

60
58

3R

58
33
25
25

132
125
7
1

69
57
12
10

389
385
4
4

2

*1
38
3

-•

3
3

-

-

-

_
-

»
-

36

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

2
2

8*
57

1*
1*

38
38

99
99

99
99

1
1

2
2

36
36

1

9T

99

1

2

181
15 5
26

3*2
3*2

38
38
-

1
1
1

79
79
-

-

-

guards




-

-

1
1

2

4
4




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Akron, Ohio, December 1978
Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings 4

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - ME N — C O N T I N U E D

M A I N T E N A N C E . T O OL RO OM . AND
P O W E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - NEN
maintenance

c a r p e n t e r s --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

122
117

7. 8 8
7. 89

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

A5A
A27

8. 20
8. 21

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

70
68

8. 1 6
8. 1 8

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

298
298

7. 95
7. 9 5

UCKDRIVERS - CONTINUED
T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y TR UC K
(TRA IL ER ! -------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S --------------

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ' ! --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

513
123
390
356

9.
7.
9.
9.

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

366
366

8. 26
B. 26

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L w o r k e r s --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

101
101

8. 4 6
8. 46

M I L L W R I G H T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

76
76

9. 46
9. A6

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

88
88

6. 57
6. 57

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS (TOOLROOM! M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

1 35
135

8. 11
8. 3 3

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

108
10B

8. 37
8. 17

BO I L E R T E N D E R S -----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

50
48

7. 32
7. 36

02
96
36
49

T R U C K D R I V E R S . H E A V Y TR UC K
(O THER T H A N T R A I L E R ! ----

$
8. 73
9. 03
9. 35
7. 33
6. 56
6. 7 A

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUF ACTURINS

71
A2

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S --M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUF ACTURINS

1A5
93
52

6. 28
6. AO
6. 06

S H I P P I N G AND R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------

12A
103

5. 77
5.83

6 . 28

5.93
6. A2
5. 5 9

W A R E H O U S E M E N -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING
3AB
6A
28A

6. 08
5. 9 7
6 . 10

AA

6. A 7
7. 26

MATERIAL HANDLIN6 LABORERS
M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N S -------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S -----

1.37A
651
723
A60

7. 83
7.01
8. 56
9. 91

FORKLIFT OPERATORS M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURINS

1. 10 5
935
170

7.19
7. 01
8. 19

621
387

A. 51
2. 95

OR DE R F I L L E R S ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --NONMANUFACTURING
SHIPPING PACKERS
MANUFACTURING

G U A R D S AND W A T C H M E N
N O N M A N U F AC TU RI NS

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

BOA
630
ABB

:
MANUFACTURING

guards

T R U C K D R I V E R S --------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N S -----------------PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 144
494
850
526

8. 10
7. 00
8. 75
9. 3A

T R U C K D R I V E R S . LI GH T TR UC K -------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

17
2B

5. 87
6. 35

T R U C K D R I V E R S . M E DI UM TR U C K ------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

299
176
123

7. AO
7. 01
7. 96

---

J A N I T O R S . PORT ER S, AND c l e a n e r s :
MANUFACTURING -

M A T E R I A L M O V E M E N T AND C U S T O D I A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N
SH IPPING PACKERS

See footnotes at end of tables.

13

7. 23
6. 28

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted for employment shifts,
for selected occupational groups in Akron, Ohio, for selected periods
Industry and occupational group 5

Decem ber 1972 Decem ber 1973 December 1974 December 1975 Decem ber 1976
to
to
to
to
to
Decem ber 1973 December 1974 Decem ber 1975 December 1976 Decem ber 1977

D ecem ber 1977
to
D ecem ber 1978

A ll industries:
Office c le r ic a l_______ _____ __ ______’
„ __ ___
Electronic data processing.
_______ __________
Industrial nurses______________________ __ ________
Skilled maintenance trades
Unskilled plant workers

6.4
(6 )
5.3
6.5
7.7

9.1
7.7
7.6
7.5
8.4

6.3
5.9
7.7
5.2
6.0

10.8
10.4
11.4
13.7
11.4

8.3
7.6
9.7
8.4
8.2

8.8
7.9
7.3
8.5
9.2

Manufacturing:
Office c le r ic a l. ______________________ ____________
Electronic data processing__________________________
Industrial nurses
Skilled maintenance trades__________________________
Unskilled plant workers

5.6
(6 )
5.4
5.8
7.1

6.9
6.8
7.3
7.5
8.8

6.2
5.6
7.5
5.0
6.1

11.8
10.6
11.7
14.2
13.2

9.1
8.7
9.9
8.3
8.0

8.4
7.5
7.7
8.4
9.0

Nonmanufacturing:
Office c le r ic a l. _________________________ __________
Electronic data processing__________________________
Industrial nurses________ __ ______________________
Unskilled plant workers

8.0
(6 )
(6 )
8.2

13.5
( 6)
(6 )
7.8

6.5
(6 )
(6 )
6.0

9.0
(‘ )
(6 )
8.8

7.0
(6 )
(6 )
8.5

9.6
( 6)
(6 )
9.3

Footnotes1
1
Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was p r o v i d e d by the
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
to these weekly hours.
_
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all w orkers and dividing by
5 Estim ates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and
the number of w orkers.
The median designates position— half of the workers receive the same or
unskilled plant workers.
All other estimates relate to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
m ore and half receive the sam e or less than, the rate shown.
The middle range is defined by two
rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or le ss than the lower of these rates and a
fourth earn the sam e or m ore than the higher rate.




14

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In e a c h o f th e 75 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t ly s u r v e y e d , th e B u re a u o b ta in s
w a g e s and r e la t e d b e n e f it s d a ta f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t iv e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in
s ix b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic a t io n ,
and o t h e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a le t r a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e , in s u r a n c e ,
and r e a l e s t a t e ; a n d s e r v i c e s .
G o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t io n s and th e c o n s t r u c t io n
and e x t r a c t iv e in d u s t r ie s a r e e x c lu d e d .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts h av in g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e a ls o e x c lu d e d b e c a u s e o f in s u ffic ie n t
e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n s s tu d ie d .
A p p e n d ix ta b le 1 s h o w s th e n u m b e r
o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s a nd w o r k e r s e s tim a te d to b e w ith in th e s c o p e o f th is
s u r v e y , as w e ll a s th e n u m b e r a c tu a lly stu d ie d .

O c c u p a t io n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p a t io n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y o f m a n u fa c ­
tu r in g and n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g in d u s t r ie s , and a r e o f th e fo llo w in g t y p e s :
( 1)
O f f ic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p la n t ; and (4) m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d ia l.
O c c u p a tio n a l
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n if o r m se t o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e
a c c o u n t o f in te r e s ta b lis h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e jo b .
O c c u p a tio n s s e le c t e d f o r stu d y a r e lis t e d and d e s c r i b e d in a p p e n d ix B .
U n le s s o t h e r w is e in d ic a t e d , th e e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g th e jo b
t i t le s a r e f o r a ll in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s da ta f o r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a t io n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e in d u s try d iv is io n s w ith in th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s b e c a u s e
e it h e r ( 1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ough data
to m e r it p r e s e n t a t io n , o r ( 2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l
e s ta b lis h m e n t d a ta .
S e p a r a te m e n 's and w o m e n 's e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d w h en th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s n ot id e n tifie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f th e m e n o r w o m e n id e n tifie d in an o c c u p a t io n .
E a rn in g s data
n ot sh ow n s e p a r a t e ly f o r in d u s t r y d iv is io n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a ll
in d u s t r ie s c o m b in e d .
L ik e w is e , f o r o c c u p a t io n s w ith m o r e than on e l e v e l ,
da ta a r e in c lu d e d in th e o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n w h en a s u b c la s s if ic a t io n is
n ot sh ow n o r in fo r m a t io n to s u b c l a s s i f y is n ot a v a ila b le .

B u r e a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s o b ta in data by p e r s o n a l v is it s at
3 - y e a r in t e r v a ls .
In e a c h o f th e tw o in te r v e n in g y e a r s , in fo r m a t io n on
e m p lo y m e n t and o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s o n ly is c o lle c t e d b y a c o m b in a tio n o f
p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a il q u e s t io n n a ir e , and te le p h o n e in te r v ie w f r o m e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts p a r t ic ip a t in g in th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
A s a m p le o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t s in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y is
s e l e c t e d f o r stu d y p r i o r to e a c h p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , l e s s
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h g o ou t o f b u s in e s s o r a r e no lo n g e r w ith in th e in d u s t r ia l
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y , is r e t a in e d f o r the f o llo w in g tw o a n n u a l s u r v e y s .
In
m o s t c a s e s , e s t a b lis h m e n t s n e w t o th e a r e a a r e not c o n s i d e r e d in th e s c o p e
o f th e s u r v e y u n t il th e s e l e c t i o n o f a s a m p le f o r a p e r s o n a l v is it s u r v e y .
T h e s a m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s
in v o lv e d e t a ile d s t r a t ifi c a t io n o f a ll
e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s t r y
and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s . F r o m th is s t r a t ifie d u n iv e r s e a p r o b a b ilit y s a m p le
is s e l e c t e d , w ith e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t h a v in g a p r e d e t e r m in e d c h a n c e o f
s e le c t io n .
T o o b ta in o p t im u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o ­
p o r t io n o f l a r g e th a n s m a ll e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e le c t e d .
W h en da ta a r e
c o m b i n e d , e a c h e s t a b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d a c c o r d in g to it s p r o b a b ilit y o f
s e l e c t i o n s o th at u n b ia s e d e s t im a t e s a r e g e n e r a te d .
F o r e x a m p le , if o n e
out o f f o u r e s t a b lis h m e n t s is s e l e c t e d , it is g iv e n a w eigh t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t
i t s e l f p lu s t h r e e o t h e r s .
A n a lt e r n a t e o f th e s a m e o r ig i n a l p r o b a b ilit y is
c h o s e n in th e s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n if data a r e n ot a v a ila b le
f r o m th e o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
If no s u it a b le s u b s titu te is a v a ila b le ,
a d d it io n a l w e ig h t is a s s i g n e d to a s a m p le m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to th e
m i s s i n g u n it. 1

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e sh ow n f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , t h o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le .
E a rn in g s
data e x c lu d e p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r t im e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h ift s .
N o n p r o d u c t io n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a llo w a n c e s and in c e n t iv e b o n u s e s a r e in c lu d e d .
W e e k ly h o u r s f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s r e f e r to th e s ta n d a rd
w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) f o r w h ich e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e at r e g u la r
a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) .
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s f o r t h e s e o c c u p a t io n s a r e
r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o ll a r .
V e r t i c a l lin e s w ith in th e d is t r ib u t io n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s in d ic a t e a ch a n g e in th e s i z e o f th e c la s s in t e r v a ls .
T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e th e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t ic u la r t i m e .
C o m p a r is o n s o f in d iv id u a l o c c u p a t io n a l a v e r a g e s o v e r
t im e m a y n ot r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s . T h e a v e r a g e s for in d iv id u a l jo b s
a r e a ff e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and e m p lo y m e n t p a t t e r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t io n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d b y h ig h - o r lo w - w a g e fir m 's m a y ch a n g e , o r
h ig h -w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d v a n c e to b e t t e r jo b s and b e r e p la c e d b y n ew
w o r k e r s at lo w e r r a t e s .
S u ch s h ift s in e m p lo y m e n t c o u ld d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a t io n a l a v e r a g e e v e n th ou gh m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a in c r e a s e w a g e s

1 Included in the 75 areas are 5 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio; Birmingham, A la.; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, V a.—N .C .;
Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N .Y .; and Utica—Rome, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more
lim ited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of
the U. S. Department of Labor.




15

d u rin g th e y e a r .
C h a n g e s in e a r n in g s o f o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , sh ow n in ta b le
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r in d ic a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s th a n a r e e a r n in g s c h a n g e s f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w ith in th e g r o u p s .

E le c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g
C o m p u te r s y s t e m s
a n a ly s t s , c l a s s e s
A , B , and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C

U n s k ille d p la n t

R e g is t e r e d in d u s t r ia l
n u rses

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s
sh o u ld n ot b e a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s
in clu d e p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b lis h e d r a te r a n g e s (o n ly th e r a t e s p a id
in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c d u tie s w ith in th e
g e n e r a l s u r v e y jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e m p lo y e e s
in t h e s e s u r v e y s u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d th a n t h o s e u s e d in in d iv id u a l
e s t a b lis h m e n t s and a llo w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s in
s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

C a rp e n te rs
E le c tr ic ia n s
P a in t e r s
M a c h in is t s
M e c h a n ic s ( m a c h in e r y )
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and d ie m a k e r s

In d u s tr ia l n u r s e s

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t im a t e s . I n d u s t r ie s
and e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and jo b s t a ffin g , and th u s c o n tr ib u te
d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t im a t e s f o r e a c h jo b .
P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e d if f e r e n t ia l a m o n g jo b s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s .

S k ille d m a in te n a n c e

J a n it o r s , p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e r s
M a t e r ia l h a n d lin g l a b o r e r s

P e r c e n t c h a n g e s f o r in d iv id u a l a r e a s in th e p r o g r a m
a s f o llo w s :

O c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t im a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e t o t a l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c t u a lly s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s d i f f e r , e s t im a t e s o f
o c c u p a t io n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d f r o m th e s a m p le o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s s tu d ie d
s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a t e th e r e la t iv e im p o r t a n c e o f th e jo b s s tu d ie d .
T h ese
d if f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a t io n a l s t r u c t u r e do n ot a ff e c t m a t e r ia lly th e a c c u r a c y
o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .

a r e c o m p u te d

1.

A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c o m p u t e d f o r e a c h o c c u p a t io n f o r
the 2 y e a r s b e in g c o m p a r e d .
T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r iv e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in t h o s e e s t a b lis h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in
the s u r v e y b oth y e a r s ; it is a s s u m e d that e m p lo y m e n t
r e m a in s u n ch a n g e d .

2.

E a ch o c c u p a t io n is a s s i g n e d a w e ig h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a t e e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p in th e
base y ea r.

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e u s e d to c o m p u t e g r o u p a v e r a g e s .
E a ch o c c u p a t io n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c o m p u t e d in s te p 1)
is m u lt ip lie d b y its w e ig h t.
T h e p r o d u c t s a r e t o t a le d to
ob ta in a g r o u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T he r a tio o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u t i v e y e a r s is
co m p u te d b y d iv id in g th e a v e r a g e fo r th e c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e for th e e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e h t — l e s s 100 is th e p e r c e n t c h a n g e .

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in t a b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s t a b lis h m e n t s r e p o r t in g th e
tr e n d jo b s in b o th th e c u r r e n t and p r e v io u s y e a r (m a t c h e d e s t a b lis h m e n t s ).
T h e data a r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e th e e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m en t s h ift s a m o n g e s t a b lis h m e n t s and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n t s in c lu d e d
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a ff e c t e d b y
f a c t o r s o t h e r th an w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H ir in g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ff e c t
an e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an o c c u p a t io n w h en w o r k e r s a r e p a id u n d er
p la n s p r o v id in g a ra n g e o f w a g e r a t e s f o r in d iv id u a l j o b s .
In p e r io d s o f
i n c r e a s e d h ir in g , f o r e x a m p le , n e w e m p lo y e e s m a y e n te r at th e b o t t o m o f
th e r a n g e , d e p r e s s in g th e a v e r a g e w ith ou t a ch a n g e in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c h a n g e s r e la t e to w a g e c h a n g e s b e tw e e n th e in d ic a t e d
d a te s .
W h en th e t i m e sp a n b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r th an 12 m o n th s , a nn ual
r a te s a r e s h o w n .
(It is a s s u m e d th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a c o n s ta n t r a te
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s .)

F o r a m o r e d e t a ile d d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e m e t h o d u s e d to c o m p u t e t h e s e
w a g e t r e n d s , s e e " I m p r o v in g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M o n th ly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J a n u a ry 1 9 7 3 , p p . 5 2 -5 7 .

O c c u p a tio n s u s e d to c o m p u te w a g e t r e n d s a r e :
O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — C o n tin u e d

S e c r e t a r ie s
S ten og ra p h ers, gen era l
S t e n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
T y p is ts , c la s s e s A
and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essengers
S w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O rd er c le r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
A c c o u n t in g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K e y e n tr y o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e le c t e d e s t a b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s a nd s u p p le m e n t a r y
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in th is b u lle t in .
I n fo r ­
m a t io n f o r th e s e ta b u la tio n s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a ls .
T h ese ta b u ­
la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r in e x p e r ie n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift
d i f f e r e n t ia ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s a nd d a y s ; p a id h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ;
and h e a lt h , in s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s
t a b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s f o r t h is a r e a .

16

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Akron, Ohio,1 December 1978
Industry division 2

Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Within scope of study 4
Within scope
of study 3

Number

Percent

139

126.037

100

79*788

50
“

232
272

58
81

7 A .059
51 . 9 7 8

59
91

52.990
26.898

50
50
50
50
50

39
39
118
25
56

15
12
25
10
IP

11.153
3. 0 5 0
25.988
5. 0 0 3
6.789

9
2
21
4
5

8. 31 3
1. 2 0 5
11*203
3. 59 0
2.537

1 The Akron Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office
of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Portage and Summit
Counties.
The "w orkers within scope of study" estim ates shown in this table
provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor
force included in the survey. Estim ates are not intended, however, for comparison
with other employment indexes to m easure employment trends or levels since (1)
planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in
advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishm ents are excluded
from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was
used in classifying establishments by industry division. However, all government
operations are excluded from the scope of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum
lim itation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade.




Studied

Studied

504

AL L D I V I S I O N S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 -------------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E 6 --------------------------------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND RE AL E S T A T E 6 -------------S E R V I C E S 6 7-----------------------------------------------------------------------

W orkers in establishments

Number of establishments

finance, auto repair serv ice , and motion picture theaters are considered as one
e st abli s hment.
4 Includes all w orkers in all establishm ents with total employment (within
the area) at or above the minim um limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public u tilities" in the A -s e r ie s tables.
Taxicabs and
services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Akron's local transit
system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of
the study.
6 Separate presentation of data is not made for this division.
7 Hotels and m otels; laundries and other personal service s; business services;
automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m embership
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering
and architectural service s.

17

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r in g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e
B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f ie ld s t a ff in c la s s i f y i n g into
a p p r o p r ia t e o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r ie t y o f
p a y r o ll t i t le s and d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to
e s ta b lis h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m it s th e g r o u p in g o f
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t in g c o m p a r a b le jo b co n te n t.
B eca u se
o f th is e m p h a s is on in t e r e s t a b lis h m e n t and in t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b ilit y o f
o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s ig n ific a n t ly
f r o m t h o s e in u s e in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld
e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d t o e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t ic e s ;
and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
a n d p r o b a t io n a r y w o r k e r s .
H a n d ic a p p e d
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e r e d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e ir h a n d ic a p a r e a ls o
e x c lu d e d .
L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s , and t r a i n e e s , u n le s s s p e c i f i c a l l y in c lu d e d
in th e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n , a r e e x c lu d e d .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y— C on tin u e d

A s s ig n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to on e in d iv id u a l. M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s iv e r e la t io n s h ip to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
s u p e r v is o r .
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d
s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r ie d c l e r i c a l an d s e c r e t a r i a l d u tie s ,
u s u a lly in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a nd s e c r e t a r i a l ta s k s o f c o m p a r a b le
n a t u r e and d iffic u lt y . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e r o u tin e
and u n d e r s ta n d in g o f the o r g a n iz a t io n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e la t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v is o r .

E x c l u s io n s
a . R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a il ,
a n s w e r s r o u tin e in q u ir ie s , a n d t o u t e s t e c h n ic a l in q u ir ie s to the p r o p e r
p erson s;
b.
c.
in s t r u c t e d ;

E s ta b lis h e s ,

m a in t a in s ,

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

M a in ta in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's

c a le n d a r and m a k e s a p p o in tm e n ts a s

N ot a ll p o s it io n s that a r e t it le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r ­
a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p le s o f p o s it io n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin it io n a r e
as fo llo w s :
a.
d e s crib e d above;
b.

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s

fr o m

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v ie w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y
o t h e r s f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s ig n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g r a p h ic
a ccu ra cy;
f.

P e r fo r m s




s t e n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

18

s io n a l,

P o s it io n s w h ich

do

not

m eet

the

"p e r s o n a l"

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l l y tr a in e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e

c . S te n o g r a p h e r s s e r v in g a s o f f i c e
te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n s ;

secreta ry

d u t ie s ;

a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s ­

d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it io n s in w h ic h th e d u tie s a r e e it h e r s u b s t a n t ia lly
m o r e ro u tin e o r s u b s ta n tia lly m o r e c o m p l e x a nd r e s p o n s i b l e than t h o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin itio n ;

con

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

E x c l u s i o n s — C o n tin u e d

C la s s C

e.
A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s it io n s w h ich
r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n i c a l , a d m in is t r a t iv e , s u p e r v is o r y ,
d u tie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .

in v o lv e m o r e d if f ic u l t o r m o r e
1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t iv e o r m a n a g e r ia l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
o r s p e c ia liz e d c le r ic a l
s ib ilit y is n ot e q u iv a le n t to o n e o f the s p e c i f i c le v e l s itu a tio n s in the d e fin itio n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n iz a t io n a l u nit n o r m a lly n u m b e r s at le a s t s e v e r a l
d o z e n e m p lo y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d in to o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n ts w h ich a re
o ft e n , in tu rn , fu r t h e r s u b d iv id e d .
In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , th is le v e l in c lu d e s a
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin it io n s
w id e ra n g e o f o r g a n iz a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly on e o r tw o ; o r
f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h ave a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w id e
p o li c y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c o m p a n y a c t i v it ie s .
T h e t it le " v i c e
2. S e c r e t a r y to th e h ead o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e tc . (o r
p r e s id e n t , " th ou gh n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f th is r o l e , d o e s n o t in a ll c a s e s
o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p lo y s , in a ll, fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0
id e n t i fy su ch p o s i t i o n s .
V ic e p r e s id e n t s w h o s e p r im a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to
person s.
a c t p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t io n s ( e .g ., a p p r o v e o r d en y
in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ; a d m in is t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y
C la s s D
s u p e r v is e a c l e r i c a l s ta ff) a r e n ot c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v is o r o r h e a d o f a s m a ll o r g a n iz a t io n a l unit
p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e f o llo w in g l e v e l d e f in it io n s .
( e . g . , f e w e r th an a b ou t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o r
C la s s A
1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th at e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v is o r y s t a f f s p e c ia lis t , p r o f e s s io n a l
e m p lo y e e , a d m in is t r a t iv e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is t a n t , s k ille d t e c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t.
(N O T E :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a th e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r .)
STEN OGRAPH ER

2 . S e c r e t a r y t o a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than the c h a ir m a n o f th e
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r
th an 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
1
3. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id i a r y o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B

P r i m a r y du ty is to ta k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o rth a n d , and to t r a n s c r ib e
th e d ic t a t io n .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s te n o ­
g r a p h ic p o o l.
M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e f r o m v o i c e r e c o r d in g s ( if p r im a r y
du ty is t r a n s c r ib in g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e T y p is t).
N O T E : T h is jo b i s d is t in g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly on e m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t iv e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s ib le and d i s c r e t io n a r y ta s k s as
d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .

1. S e c r e t a r y t o th e c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c o m p a n y
th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th an 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r than th e c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t ) o f a c o m p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
th a n 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d , im m e d ia t e ly b e lo w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e it h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e f u n c t io n a l a c t iv it y ( e . g . , m a r k e t in g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s t r ia l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) £ r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n iz a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th at
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h ea d o f an in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r
o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a la r g e and im p o r ta n t o r g a n iz a t io n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d le m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a t io n a l s e g m e n t
o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l h u n d red p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .




S ten ograp h er, G en era l

keep

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u tin e v o c a b u la r y .
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u tin e c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r

D ic t a t io n in v o lv e s a v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l d r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch
a s in le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o set up and
m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u tie s r e q u ir in g s ig n ific a n t ly g r e a t e r in d e ­
p e n d e n c e a nd r e s p o n s i b i l i t y th an s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l, as e v id e n c e d by the
fo llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u ir e s a h igh d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d and a c c u r a c y ;
a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in e s s and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t io n s , o r g a n iz a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f lo w , e t c .
U s e s th is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m in g s te n o g r a p h ic d u tie s and
r e s p o n s ib le c l e r i c a l t a s k s su ch a s m a in ta in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b lin g
m a t e r ia l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , an d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p le le t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t io n s ; r e a d in g and ro u tin g in c o m in g m a il ; and a n s w e r in g
r o u tin e q u e s t io n s , e t c .

T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

M ESSENGER

P r i m a r y du ty is to ty p e c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d d ic ta tio n w h ic h d o e s
n ot in v o lv e v a r ie d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y su ch a s that u s e d in
le g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c ie n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
cop y.
M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e e p s im p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e la t iv e ly
ro u tin e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
(S e e S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o lv e d
w ith sh o rth a n d d ic ta tio n .)

P e r f o r m s v a r io u s ro u tin e d u tie s s u c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g
m in o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s su ch a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g and d is t r ib u t in g
m a il , and o th e r m in o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .
E x c lu d e p o s it io n s th at r e q u ir e o p e r a ­
tio n o f a m o t o r v e h ic le a s a s ig n ific a n t du ty.

T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls o r to m a k e
ou t b ills a ft e r c a lc u la t io n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r ia ls f o r u s e in d u p lic a tin g p r o c ­
esses.
M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g lit t le s p e c ia l t r a in in g , s u c h a s
k e e p in g s im p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r t in g and d is t r ib u t in g
in c o m in g m a il .
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p in g m a t e r ia l
in fin a l f o r m w h en it in v o lv e s c o m b in in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ilit y f o r c o r r e c t s p e llin g , s y lla b ic a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n ic a l o r u n u su a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r ia l; o r p la n n in g la y o u t and
ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t is t ic a l ta b le s to m a in ta in u n if o r m it y and b a la n c e in
s p a c in g . M a y ty p e ro u tin e f o r m le t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a ils to su it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s on e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; C o p y ty p in g f r o m
ro u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r ro u tin e ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c . ;
o r s e ttin g u p s im p le s ta n d a rd t a b u la tio n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x ta b le s
a lr e a d y s e t up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

F IL E C L E R K
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r ia l in an e s t a b lis h e d filin g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in f i l e s .
P o s it io n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the fo llo w in g d e f in it io n s .
C la s s A .
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r ia l s u ch a s c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n ic a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c . , in an e s t a b lis h e d f ilin g s y s t e m
co n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r ie d s u b je c t m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e th is
m a t e r ia l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s ty p e s in c o n ju n c t io n w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a ll g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .
C la s s B.
S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c la s s if i e d m a t e r i a l b y s im p le
( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d in g s o r p a r t ly c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f in e r s u b h e a d in g s .
P r e p a r e s s im p le r e la t e d in d e x and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s req u ested ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay
p e r fo r m
r e la t e d c l e r i c a l ta s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C .
P e r f o r m s ro u tin e filin g o f m a t e r ia l that h a s a lr e a d y b e e n
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s im p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r ic a l) .
As
req u ested ,
l o c a t e s r e a d il y a v a ila b le m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l s ; and m a y
f i l l out w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s im p le c l e r i c a l and m a n u a l ta s k s
r e q u ir e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e u s e d w ith a p r iv a t e
b r a n c h e x ch a n g e (P B X ) s y s t e m to r e la y in c o m in g , o u tg o in g , and in t r a s y s t e m
c a lls .
M a y p r o v id e in fo r m a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m it m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s id e s o p e r a t in g a te le p h o n e
s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p in g o r ro u tin e c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y th e m a j o r p o r t io n o f th e w o r k e r 's
t i m e , and is u s u a lly p e r f o r m e d w h ile at th e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than o n e o p e r a t o r a r e
e x c lu d e d .
F o r an o p e r a t o r w ho a ls o a c t s as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e S w itc h b o a r d
O p e r a t o r - R e c e p t io n is t .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w o r k in v o lv e s
b u s in e s s and
p r ia t e p e r s o n
a r r a n g in g an

s in g le -p o s it io n te le p h o n e s w it c h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , a c t s b o th as
s e e S w itch b o a rd O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p t io n is t 's
s u ch d u tie s as g r e e t in g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m in in g n a tu r e o f v i s i t o r 's
p r o v id in g a p p r o p r ia t e in fo r m a t io n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in th e o r g a n iz a t io n o r c o n ta c t in g that p e r s o n b y t e le p h o n e and
a p p o in tm e n t; k e e p in g a lo g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w r itte n o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s f o r m a t e r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d is e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s
s o m e co m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g d u t ie s :
Q u otin g p r i c e s ; d e t e r m in in g a v a i l ­
a b ilit y o f o r d e r e d it e m s and s u g g e s tin g s u b s titu te s w h en n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e li v e r y d a te and m e th o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in fo r m a t io n on o r d e r s h e e t s ; c h e c k in g o r d e r s h e e t s f o r a c c u r a c y and
a d e q u a c y o f in fo r m a tio n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a in in g c r e d it ra tin g o f c u s t o m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; f o llo w in g - u p
to s e e that o r d e r is d e li v e r e d b y th e s p e c i f i e d d a te o r to le t c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e li v e r y ; m a in ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; c h e c k in g s h ip p in g in v o ic e
a g a in s t o r ig in a l o r d e r .
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p a id on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s is o r w h o s e d u tie s
in c lu d e any o f th e f o llo w in g : R e c e iv in g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a th e r th an f o r
m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e ; p r o v id in g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lt a t iv e a d v ic e
u s in g k n o w le d g e g a in e d f r o m e n g in e e r in g o r e x t e n s iv e t e c h n ic a l t r a in in g ;
e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g s k ills ; h a n d lin g m a t e r ia l o r m e r c h a n d is e a s an in t e g r a l
p a r t o f th e jo b .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

th e

f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
H an d les o r d e r s th at in v o lv e m a k in g ju d g m e n ts s u c h a s
c h o o s in g w h ich s p e c i f i c p r o d u c t o r m a t e r ia l f r o m th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's p r o d u c t
lin e s w ill s a t is f y th e c u s t o m e r 's n e e d s , o r d e t e r m in in g th e p r i c e to be
q u o te d w hen p r ic in g in v o lv e s m o r e th a n m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l is t o r
m a k in g s o m e s im p le m a t h e m a t ic a l c a lc u la t io n s .

O R D E R C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R — C on t inued

C la s s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s in v o lv in g it e m s w h ich h a v e r e a d ily id e n ­
t i f i e d u s e s and a p p lic a t io n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m a n u a l,
o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t to in s d r e th a t p r o p e r ite m is s u p p lie d o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d it e m .

c o s t d is t r ib u t io n , e x p e n s e d is t r ib u t io n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc .
o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r a t io n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l
th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r tm e n t .

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K

M A C H IN E B IL L E R

P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l ta s k s s u ch a s p o s t in g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; v e r if y in g th e in te r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t ic a l a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n tin g d o c u m e n t s ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r ib u t io n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r if y in g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r io u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la t io n s , p o s t in g ,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r in g s im p le o r a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
M a y w o r k in e it h e r a m a n u a l o r a u tom a ted a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , and in v o ic e s on a m a c h in e o th e r than
an o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r . M a y a ls o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b illin g s
o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b illin g
o p e r a t io n s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e
o f m a c h in e , a s f o l l o w s :
B illin g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a s p e c i a l b illin g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and a d d in g m a ch in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and in v o ic e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o r a n d a , e tc .
U s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s and sh ip p in g c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s io n s , w h ic h m a y o r m a y n ot b e co m p u te d on
th e b illin g m a c h in e , and t o t a ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te d by
m a c h in e .
T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a lly in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is o fte n d o n e on a fa n fo ld m a ch in e..

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h r e la t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f t r a n s a c t io n s and a c c o u n t in g in fo r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , th e w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n t in g t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is n ot r e q u ir e d to h av e a k n o w le d g e
o f th e f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g and a c c o u n tin g .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s :

are

c la s s ifie d

into

l e v e l s on

th e b a s is o f

th e

B o o k k e e p in g - m a c h in e b i l l e r .
U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a ch in e (w ith o r
w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a rt o f the
a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a lly in v o lv e s th e s im u lta n e o u s e n try o f
f ig u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' le d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a lly a c c u m u la te s
f ig u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s and c o m p u te s and u s u a lly p r in ts
a u t o m a t ic a lly th e d e b it o r c r e d it b a la n c e s .
D o e s n ot in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e
o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n ifo r m and s ta n d a rd t y p e s o f s a le s and
c r e d i t s lip s .

f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t io n s w h ic h r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p lic a t e d or n o n r e p e tit iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s ­
a c t i o n s , s e le c t in g a m o n g a s u b s ta n tia l v a r ie t y o f p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t io n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s a c c o u n t in g
a c t io n s to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d b y o n e o r
m o r e c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

PA Y R O LL CLERK
P e r f o r m s th e c l e r i c a l ta s k s n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' t im e o r p r o d u c t io n r e c o r d s ; a d ju s tin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r ch a n g e s
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n t a r y b e n e f it s , o r ta x d e d u c t io n s ; ed itin g p a y r o ll
lis t i n g s a g a in s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c in g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in lis t in g s ;
and a s s i s t in g in p r e p a r a t io n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a n o n a u to m a te d p a y r o l l s y s t e m , c o m p u te s w a g e s .
W o r k m a y r e q u ir e a p r a c t ic a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u la t io n s , c o m p a n y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
co m p u te r sy ste m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

C la s s B .
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s
an d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u tin e a c c o u n t in g c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , s u c h a s p o s t in g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n t i fic a t io n o f it e m s and lo c a t io n s o f p o s t in g s a r e c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ;
c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d iz e d and r e p e t it iv e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; and c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u sin g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d
a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .
B O O K K E E P I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith ou t a t y p e w r it e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c t io n s .

KEY EN TRY O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a k e y p u n ch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y a lp h a b e tic a n d /o r
n u m e r ic da ta on ta b u la tin g c a r d s o r on ta p e .

C la s s A .
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir in g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m ilia r it y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e
o f th e p a r t ic u la r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m u s e d .
D e te r m in e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d is t r ib u t io n o f d e b it and c r e d i t it e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a la n c e s h e e t s , and o th e r r e c o r d s b y h an d.

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

a re c la s s ifie d

in to

le v e ls

on th e b a s is o f th e

fo llo w in g

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u ir e s th e a p p lic a t io n o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju d g m e n t
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to b e f o llo w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t in g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g it e m s to b e k e y p u n ch e d f r o m a v a r ie t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts.
On o c c a s i o n m a y a ls o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e k e y p u n c h -w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n ch o p e r a t o r s .

C la s s B .
K eep s a r e c o r d o f on e o r m o r e p h ases o r s e c tio n s o f a
s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u ir in g lit t le k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g .
P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s
(n o t in c lu d in g a s im p le ty p e o f b illin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r m a c h in e b i l l e r ) ,




M ay ch eck
s h e e ts f o r

21

K EY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R — C on tin u ed

C O M P U T E R SY S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C la s s B . W o r k is r o u tin e and r e p e t it iv e .
U n d er c l o s e s u p e r v is io n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t io n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r io u s s t a n ­
d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ic h h a v e b e e n c o d e d , and f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il and r e q u ir e lit t le o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a ta to b e r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to s u p e r ­
v i s o r p r o b le m s a r is in g f r o m
e r r o n e o u s it e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s in g
in fo r m a t io n .

ty p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and d o c u m e n t s t o b e u s e d ; o u tlin e s a c t io n s to b e
p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e t a il f o r p r e s e n t a t io n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g ( t y p ic a lly th is in v o lv e s p r e p a r a t io n o f
w o r k and data f lo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b le m s
and p a r t ic ip a t e s in t r i a l ru n s o f n e w a nd r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
e q u ip m e n t ch a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t io n s '.
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r fo r m in g b oth s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m in g s h o u ld b e
c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a ly s ts if th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m in e
t h e ir p a y .)

T A B U L A T I N G -M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e t a b u la t o r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n c h , e t c .
E x c lu d e d f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e le c t r o n ic d ig it a l c o m p u t e r s , ev en th ou g h th e y m a y a ls o o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
a c c o u n tin g m a c h in e e q u ip m e n t.

D o e s n ot in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o th e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a ly s ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .

P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

C la s s A . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in v o lv in g a ll p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a ly s is .
P r o b le m s a re
c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input d a ta and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts o f output da ta . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s an in te g r a t e d p r o d u c t io n s c h e d ­
u lin g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a nd s a le s a n a ly s is r e c o r d in w h ich
e v e r y it e m o f e a ch ty p e is a u t o m a t ic a lly p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e f u ll s y s t e m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r ia t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in itia t e d b y th e c o m p u t e r .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b le m s
and a d v is e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p lic a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t io n s .
M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t i o n s , if n e e d e d ,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a lla t io n s o r c h a n g e s a nd f o r o b ta in in g
e q u ip m e n t.

are

c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on

th e

b a s is o f

th e

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

f o llo w in g

C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t in g and ta b u la tin g a s s ig n m e n t s
in clu d in g d e v is i n g d if f ic u lt c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a v a r ie t y o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ic h
o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e
and s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t io n s , and th e u s e o f a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p ic a lly in v o lv e d in t r a in in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r tr a in in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s
o f lo n g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n ot in c lu d e p o s it io n s in w h ic h w ir in g
r e s p o n s ib ilit y is lim it e d to s e le c t io n and in s e r t io n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

M a y p r o v id e fu n c tio n a l
w ho a r e a s s ig n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t io n s .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e c o m p le t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f ic u lt ta b u la tin g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h as
th e ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d itio n to th e s im p le r m a c h in e s u s e d b y
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to d o s o m e w ir in g f r o m d ia g r a m s .
M a y t r a in n e w e m p lo y e e s in b a s ic m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s .

d ir e c tio n

to lo w e r l e v e l

sy ste m s

a n a ly s t s

C la s s B . W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e la t iv e ly u n c o m p lic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , and
op erate.
P r o b le m s a r e o f lim it e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o g e n e o u s and th e output d a ta a r e c l o s e l y r e la t e d .
( F o r e x a m p le ,
d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k , m a in ta in in g
a c c o u n t s r e c e iv a b le in a r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t , o r m a in ta in in g in v e n t o r y
a c c o u n t s in a m a n u fa ctu rin g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b lis h m e n t .)
C o n fe r s w ith p e r ­
s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e im p lic a t io n s o f th e d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to b e a p p lie d .

C la s s C.
U n d er s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t io n s , o p e r a t e s s im p le ta b u la tin g
o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o ­
d u cin g p u n c h , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p ic a lly in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a
w o r k u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o lla t in g r u n s , o r r e p e t it iv e
o p e r a t io n s .
M ay p e r fo r m
s im p le w ir in g f r o m
d ia g r a m s , an d do s o m e
filin g w o r k .

OR

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BU SIN E SS

W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x d a ta p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o n r o u tin e a s s ig n m e n t s and
r e c e i v e s in s t r u c tio n and g u id a n ce on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o r k is r e v ie w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith i n s t r u c t i o n s , an d to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .

A n a ly z e s b u s in e s s p r o b le m s to fo r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g
th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t.
D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a ll s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u ir e d d ig it a l c o m p u t e r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
A n a ly z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t io n s to b e a u to m a te d and id e n t ifie s c o n d it io n s
and c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and

C la s s C . W o r k s u n d e r im m e d ia t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a ly ­
s e s a s a s s ig n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v it y .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e lo p and expan d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in th e a p p lic a t io n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k ills r e q u ir e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k . F o r e x a m p le , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
le v e l s y s t e m s a n a ly st b y p r e p a r in g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d b y
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m in fo r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a ly s t .

Professional and Technical




22

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C o n v e r t s s ta t e m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a lly p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a ly s t , in to a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h a r e r e q u ir e d
to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic data p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t. W o r k in g f r o m
c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e in s t r u c t io n s w h ic h ,
w h e n e n te r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u ­
la t io n o f d a ta to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
A p p lie s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t ic s , l o g i c e m p lo y e d b y
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t te r in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s and
d ia g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e o f p r o g r a m
s t e p s ; w r it e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh ow o r d e r in w h ic h da ta w ill be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d in s t r u c tio n s f o r m a c h in e to f o llo w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t io n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p r o d u c t io n ru n ; a n a ly z e s , r e v i e w s , and a lt e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t in g e f f i c i e n c y o r a d a p t t o n ew r e q u ir e m e n t s ; m a in ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m in g b oth
s y s t e m s a n a ly s is a nd p r o g r a m m in g sh ou ld b e c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s a n a ly s t s
if th is is th e s k ill u s e d to d e t e r m i n e t h e ir p a y .)

input d a ta w h ic h a r e r e a d il y a v a ila b le .
W h ile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e da ta h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c tio n s s o that th e a c c u r a c y
and s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta can b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u tin e c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
th e p r o g r a m d e a ls w ith r o u tin e r e c o r d k e e p in g o p e r a t io n s .
OR
W o r k s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A) u n d e r c l o s e
d ir e c t io n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m in g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s a s s ig n e d ,
and p e r f o r m in g m o r e d if f ic u lt t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e d ir e c t io n .
M a y g u id e o r

C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t i c e s
and c o n c e p t s u s u a lly le a r n e d in f o r m a l tr a in in g c o u r s e s .
A s s ig n m e n t s a r e
d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e a p p lic a tio n o f s ta n d a rd p r o c e d u r e s to
ro u tin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v is io n on n ew a s p e c t s o f a s s ig n m e n t s ;
and w o r k is r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e w ith r e q u ir e d
p roced u res.

D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p lo y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s ib le f o r th e m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v is io n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c da ta p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if ic a n d /o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .

F or w age

s tu d y p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

COM PUTER O PERA TO R

a re c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s

M o n it o r s and o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d ig it a l c o m p u t e r to
p r o c e s s da ta a c c o r d in g to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t io n s , u s u a lly p r e p a r e d b y a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : S tu d ie s in s t r u c t io n s to
d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t setu p a nd o p e r a t io n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x ilia r y e q u ip m e n t into
c i r c u i t , and s t a r t s and o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s tm e n t s to c o m p u t e r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s an d m e e t s p e c ia l c o n d it io n s ; r e v ie w s e r r o r s m a d e
d u rin g o p e r a t io n and d e t e r m in e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v is o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m a in ta in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s .
M a y t e s t and a s s i s t in
c o r r e c tin g p r o g r a m .

C la s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a ll p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m m in g
c o n c e p t s and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k in g f r o m d ia g r a m s and c h a r t s w h ic h id e n tify
th e n a tu r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a jo r p r o c e s s i n g s te p s to b e a c c o m p lis h e d ,
and th e r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r io u s s te p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o lv in g r o u tin e ;
p la n s th e f u ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m m in g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f ic i e n t ly u t iliz e th e
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h ie v in g d e s i r e d end p r o d u c t s .

A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m in g is d if f ic u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m e n t
m u s t b e o r g a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d i v e r s e p r o d u c t s f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s .
A w id e v a r ie t y and e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r
o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t i o n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ir e s s u c h a c t io n s a s
d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ic h ca n b e r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s tm e n ts to data w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c it y , and s u b s ta n tia l m a n ip u la tio n and
r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a ta e le m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly in te g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

M a y p r o v i d e fu n c t io n a l
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

For

w a g e stu d y

pu rposes,

co m p u te r

op era tors

are

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :
C la s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d and in t r o d u c e d ; s c h e d u lin g r e q u ir e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ; th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f
c o m p le x d e s ig n s o th at id e n t ific a t io n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u ir e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a te p r o g r a m s m a y n ot be a v a ila b le .
M a y g iv e d ir e c t i o n and g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s w h o

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t io n ,
a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b lis h e d p r o d u c t io n r u n s , t y p ic a lly run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is lit t le o r no te s t in g o f n ew p r o g r a m s
r e q u ir e d ; a lt e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r ch a n g e o r ca n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b ly s h o r t t i m e .
In

C la s s B .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s im p le p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a lly p r o c e s s in fo r m a t io n t o p r o d u c e d a ta in tw o
o r t h r e e v a r ie d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and lis t in g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y
r e f in in g , a d a p tin g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m in o r a d d itio n s to o r d e le t io n s f r o m




in s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .

23

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u ed

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

c o m m o n e r r o r s it u a t io n s , d ia g n o s e s c a u s e and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n .
T h is
u s u a lly in v o lv e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u sin g
s ta n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .

C o p ie s
c lo t h o r p a p e r
in c lu d e t r a c in g
la r g e s c a le not

p la n s and d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p la c in g t r a c in g
o v e r d r a w in g s and t r a c in g w ith p e n o r p e n c il.
(D o e s n ot
lim it e d to p la n s p r i m a r i l y c o n s i s t in g o f s tr a ig h t lin e s and a
r e q u ir in g c l o s e d e lin e a t io n .)

OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v is io n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f ic u lt ta s k s
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d if f ic u l t ta s k s f o llo w in g d e t a ile d in s t r u c t io n s and
w ith fr e q u e n t r e v ie w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .

C la s s C .
W o r k s on r o u tin e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v is io n .
Is
e x p e c t e d t o d e v e lo p w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u t e r eq u ip m e n t u s e d and
a b ilit y to d e t e c t p r o b le m s in v o lv e d in ru n n in g r o u tin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly h as
r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l tr a in in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l o p e r a t o r o n c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
DRAFTER
C la s s A .
P la n s th e g r a p h ic p r e s e n t a t io n o f c o m p l e x it e m s h av in g
d is t in c t iv e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s th at d i f f e r s ig n ific a n t ly f r o m e s t a b lis h e d d r a ftin g
p re ce d e n ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e s u p p o r t w ith th e d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s .
A n a ly z e s th e e f fe c t o f e a c h ch a n g e on th e
d e t a ils o f f o r m , fu n c t io n , and p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s o f c o m p o n e n t s and
p a r t s . W o r k s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p le t e d w o r k is
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r ig i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a t io n s . M a y e it h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t io n b y l o w e r
le v e l d r a fte r s .
C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e a nd c o m p le x d r a ftin g a s s ig n m e n t s
that r e q u ir e th e a p p lic a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d iz e d d r a w in g te c h n iq u e s
r e g u la r ly u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e s u ch w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g
d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b lie s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s , m u lt ip le f u n c t io n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s it io n a l r e la t io n s h ip s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h it e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n ­
d a t io n s , w a ll s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u la s and
m a n u a ls in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y c o m p u ta tio n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n titie s o f
m a t e r ia ls to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , e t c .
R e c e iv e s
in it ia l i n s t r u c t io n s , r e q u ir e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le t e d
w o r k is c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C la s s C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s in g le u n its o r p a r t s f o r
e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n , m a n u fa c t u r in g , o r r e p a ir p u r p o s e s .
Types of
d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s
in a c c u r a t e s c a le ) and s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it io n in g o f c o m p o n e n t s
and c o n v e y n e e d e d in fo r m a t io n .
C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a ils f r o m a n u m b e r o f
s o u r c e s and a d ju s ts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s te d m e t h o d s o f
a ip p ro a ch , a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r ia ls a r e g iv e n
w ith in it ia l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s ig n m e n t s
recu r.
W o r k m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .




A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s im p le o r r e p e t it iv e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v is u a l iz e d it e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v is e d d u rin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r io u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t and r e la t e d d e v i c e s
b y p e r fo r m in g on e o r a c o m b in a tio n o f th e fo llo w in g :
I n s t a llin g , m a in ta in in g ,
r e p a ir in g , o v e r h a u lin g , t r o u b le s h o o t in g , m o d if y in g , c o n s t r u c t in g , and t e s t in g .
W o r k r e q u ir e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t io n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b ility to d e t e r m in e m a lf u n c t io n s , and s k ill to put e q u ip m e n t in
r e q u ir e d o p e r a t in g c o n d it io n .
T h e eq u ip m en t— c o n s i s t in g o f e it h e r m a n y d if f e r e n t k in d s o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u lt ip le r e p e tit io n o f th e s a m e k in d o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is n ot lim it e d
t o , th e fo llo w in g :
(a) E le c t r o n i c t r a n s m it t in g a nd r e c e i v i n g e q u ip m e n t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d io , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v ig a tio n a l a i d s ) , (b) d ig it a l and
a n a lo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c) in d u s t r ia l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n t r o lli n g
e q u ip m e n t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f s u ch s ta n d a rd e l e c t r o n i c
eq u ip m e n t a s c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h o ld r a d io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e t s ; p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y du ty is
s e r v i c i n g e le c t r o n ic t e s t in s t r u m e n t s ; t e c h n ic ia n s w h o h a v e a d m in is t r a t iv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ilit y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , an d p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P o s it io n s
d e f in it io n s .

are

c la s s ifie d

in to

l e v e l s o n th e b a s is o f

th e fo llo w in g

C la s s A . A p p lie s a d v a n c e t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e u n u s u a lly
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e th at t y p i c a l l y c a n n o t b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y r e f e r ­
e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c eq u ip m e n t.
E x a m p le s o f s u c h p r o b l e m s in c lu d e lo c a t io n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e le c t r o m a g n e t ic r a d ia t io n , is o la t in g m a lf u n c t io n s , and fr e q u e n t
e n g in e e r in g c h a n g e s .
W o r k in v o lv e s :
A d e t a ile d u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e i n t e r ­
r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in d e p e n d e n t ju d g m e n t in p e r f o r m i n g su ch
t a s k s a s m a k in g c ir c u i t a n a ly s e s , c a lc u la t in g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c in g r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s in s ig n a l flo w ; and r e g u la r ly u s in g c o m p l e x t e s t in s t r u m e n ts ( e . g . , d u a l
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia t io n m e t e r s , p u ls e g e n e r a t o r s ) .
W o rk m a y b e r e v ie w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r (fr e q u e n t ly an e n g in e e r o r
d e s ig n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M a y p r o v id e
t e c h n ic a l g u id a n ce to lo w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s B . A p p lie s c o m p r e h e n s iv e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e c o m ­
p le x p r o b le m s ( i . e . , t h o s e that t y p i c a l l y ca n b e s o lv e d s o l e l y b y p r o p e r l y
in te r p r e tin g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m a n u a ls o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n t s ) in w o r k in g on

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N IC IA N — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N

e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t.
W o r k i n v o lv e s :
A f a m ilia r it y w ith th e i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d g m e n t in d e t e r m in in g w o r k s e q u e n c e and in s e le c t in g
t o o l s a nd t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s , u s u a lly l e s s c o m p le x than t h o s e u s e d b y th e
c l a s s A t e c h n ic ia n .

P e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e fu n c tio n s su ch as th e in s t a l­
la t io n , m a in te n a n c e , o r r e p a ir o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r ib u t io n ,
o r u t iliz a t io n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g :
In s t a llin g o r r e p a ir in g any o f a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip ­
m en t s u ch a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w it c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c ir c u it
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n it s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m is s io n
e q u ip m e n t; w o r k in g f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , la y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip ­
m e n t; w o r k in g s ta n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to lo a d r e q u ir e m e n t s o f w ir in g
o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g a v a r ie t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls and
m e a s u r in g a nd t e s t in g in s t r u m e n t s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f the m a in te n a n ce
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , a nd w o r k is r e v ie w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n t s .
M a y p r o v id e t e c h n ic a l g u id a n c e to lo w e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .
C la s s C . A p p lie s w o r k in g t e c h n ic a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
r o u tin e t a s k s in w o r k in g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t, fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c ­
t io n s w h ic h c o v e r v ir t u a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p ic a lly in v o lv e s s u ch
ta sk s a s:
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s b y p e r fo r m in g s u ch a c t i v it ie s as
r e p la c in g c o m p o n e n t s , w ir in g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g te s t r e a d in g s ; r e p a ir in g
s im p le e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t; and u s in g t o o l s and c o m m o n t e s t in s t r u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , a u d io s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tu b e t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is n o t r e q u ir e d to b e f a m i l i a r w ith th e in t e r r e la t io n s h ip s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y b e a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a s s ig n m e n t s d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e ( in c lu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a in in g ) so that w o r k e r ca n
a d v a n c e to h ig h e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s th e f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u lia r it ie s
and ty p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p lic a t io n s ; p r e p a r in g s u r f a c e fo r
p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g oJ.d f in is h o r b y p la c in g pu tty o r f i l l e r in n a il h o le s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h .
M a y m ix c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o th e r pa in t in g r e d ie n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r
c o n siste n c y .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p a in te r r e q u ir e s
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l g u id a n c e , a s r e q u ir e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y sp ot c h e c k e d , but is g iv e n d e t a ile d r e v ie w
w h e n n e w o r a d v a n c e d a s s ig n m e n t s a r e in v o lv e d .
R E G I S T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R S E S

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g iv e s n u r s in g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r in ju r e d e m p lo y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g :
G iv in g f i r s t a id to th e ill o r
in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s in g o f e m p l o y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k e e p in g
r e c o r d s o f p a t ie n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r in g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m in a tio n s and h e a lth e v a lu a tio n s o f
a p p lic a n t s and e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
h e a lth e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a tio n o f plan t e n v ir o n m e n t , o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a ff e c t in g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , and s a fe t y o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s and n e w p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a ir s o f
m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W ork
in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
I n te r p r e tin g w r it te n in s t r u c t io n s and s p e c i ­
f ic a t io n s ; p la n n in g and la y in g out o f w o r k ; u sin g a v a r ie t y o f m a c h in is t 's
h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t in g
s ta n d a rd m a c h in e t o o l s ; sh a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g
s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f th e c o m m o n
m e t a ls ; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e q u ip m e n t r e q u ir e d f o r th is
w o r k ; and fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t. In g e n e r a l,
th e m a c h in is t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u tie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t and m a in ta in
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k a n d e q u ip m e n t s u ch as b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f w o o d
in an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
P la n n in g and
la y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s t r u c t io n s ;
u s in g a v a r ie t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b le p o w e r t o o l s , and s ta n d a rd
m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n ­
s io n s o f w o r k ; an d s e le c t in g m a t e r ia ls n e c e s s a r y f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l,
th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u ir e s rou n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a ir s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n ic a l
eq u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is m a n t lin g o r p a r t ly d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m in g r e p a ir s th at m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e o f h a n d to o ls in
s c r a p in g and fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s w ith it e m s
o b ta in e d f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a
m a c h in e s h o p o r s e n d in g th e m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p r e p a r in g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a ir s o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f
p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e s h o p s ; r e a s s e m b lin g m a c h in e s ; and m a k in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f a m a c h in e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly




25

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M a c h in e r y )— C o n tin u ed

M IL L W R IG H T — C on tin u ed

a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e ttin g up o r a d ju s tin g m a c h in e s .

w o r k ; in te r p r e tin g b lu e p r in ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o l s and r ig g in g ; m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to s t r e s s e s ,
s tr e n g th o f m a t e r ia ls , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lig n in g and b a la n c in g e q u ip ­
m e n t; s e le c t in g s ta n d a rd t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t, and p a r t s to b e u s e d ; and in s t a llin g
and m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u ch a s d r iv e s
and s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC ( M o t o r V e h ic le s )
R e p a ir s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o l l o w i n g ; E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g e q u ip m e n t and p e r f o r m in g
r e p a ir s th at in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d t o o ls a s w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s , d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c ia liz e d e q u ip m e n t in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitt in g p a r t s ; r e p la c in g b r o k e n
o r d e f e c t iv e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g and a d ju s tin g v a lv e s ; r e a s s e m b lin g
and in s t a llin g th e v a r io u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h ic le and m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
a d ju s tm e n t s ; and a lig n in g w h e e l s , a d ju s tin g b r a k e s and lig h t s , o r tig h te n in g
b o d y b o lt s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m o t o r v e h ic le m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot in c lu d e
t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o m o b ile r e p a ir s h o p s .

m e c h a n ic s

w ho

r e p a ir

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k ille d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y
p e r f o r m in g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l d u tie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u ch a s k e e p in g a
w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r ia ls and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and eq u ip m e n t; a s s i s t in g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m in g o th e r u n s k ille d ta s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k
th e h e lp e r is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e
t r a d e s th e h e lp e r is c o n fin e d to s u p p ly in g , lif t in g , and h o ld in g m a t e r ia ls and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m it t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a ch in e o p e r a t io n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th at a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s is .

cu s­

M A IN T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R
I n s t a lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r ty p e s o f p ip e and
p ip e fitt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r in g to l o c a t e p o s it io n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r
w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cu ttin g v a r io u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t le n g th s w ith
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y le n e t o r c h o r p ip e -c u t t in g m a c h in e s ; th r e a d in g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s and d ie s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d -d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b lin g p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s and fa s t e n in g p ip e t o h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g s ta n d a rd s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to p r e s s u r e s , f lo w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u ir e d ; and m a k in g s ta n d a r d t e s t s t o d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in is h e d p ip e s
m eet s p e c ific a t io n s .
In g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e p ip e fi t t e r
r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th ro u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W o rk e r s p r im a r ily
e n g a g e d in in s t a llin g and r e p a ir in g b u ild in g s a n ita tio n o r h e a tin g s y s t e m s
a r e e x c lu d e d .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in o p e r a t in g o n e o r m o r e th an o n e ty p e o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , jig b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , e n g in e la t h e , m i llin g m a c h in e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r u s e in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e ta l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in sh a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r
n o n m e t a llic m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W o r k t y p ic a lly
i n v o l v e s ; P la n n in g and p e r f o r m in g d if f ic u lt m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s w h ic h
r e q u ir e c o m p lic a t e d s e tu p s o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; s e ttin g up m a c h in e
t o o l o r t o o l s ( e . g . , in s t a ll cu ttin g t o o l s an d a d ju s t g u id e s , s t o p s , w o r k in g
t a b l e s , and o th e r c o n t r o ls to h a n d le th e s i z e o f s t o c k to b e m a c h in e d ;
d e t e r m in e p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e o r s e l e c t
t h o s e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b lu e p r in t s , o r la y o u t s ) ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n t s d u rin g
m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n to a c h ie v e r e q u is i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y b e r e q u ir e d to s e le c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s and cu ttin g an d lu b r ic a t in g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e w hen t o o l s n e e d d r e s s i n g , a nd to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f a m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at th e s k ill l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
th is c la s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u ir e s e x t e n s iv e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h in e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b r i c a t e s , in s t a l l s , and m a in ta in s in g o o d r e p a ir th e s h e e t - m e t a l
e q u ip m e n t and f ix t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e lv e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n k s , v e n t ila t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l r o o fin g ) o f an e s t a b lis h m e n t .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g ou t a ll t y p e s o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r in t s , m o d e l s , o r o t h e r s p e c i f i ­
c a t io n s ; s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g a ll a v a ila b le t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r ie t y o f h a n d t o o ls in c u tt in g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g ,
fit t in g , and a s s e m b lin g ; and in s t a llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u ir e d .
In
g e n e r a l, th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s r o u n d e d
t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u a lly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s not
in c lu d e m a c h in e -t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o lr o o m ) e m p lo y e d in t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
shops.
T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
C o n s t r u c ts and r e p a ir s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cu ttin g t o o l s , g a u g e s , o r
m e t a l d ie s o r m o ld s u s e d in s h a p in g o r f o r m in g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a llic
m a t e r ia l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s ;
P la n n in g an d la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b lu e p r in t s , d r a w in g s , o r
o th e r w r it te n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u n d e r s t a n d in g th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a ls and a llo y s ; s e le c t in g a p p r o p r ia t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and

M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t, and d is m a n t le s and
in s t a lls m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e
r e q u ir e d .
W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ;
P la n n in g and la y in g out




26

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d t o c o m p le t e t a s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s ;
s e tt in g up and o p e r a t in g v a r io u s m a c h in e t o o l s and r e la t e d e q u ip m e n t; u s in g
v a r io u s t o o l a nd d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r in g in s t r u m e n t s ;
w o r k in g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t -t r e a t in g m e t a l p a r t s an d f in is h e d t o o l s
a nd d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a lit ie s ; fittin g and a s s e m b lin g p a r t s t o p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a llo w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l, th e t o o l and d ie m a k e r 's
w o r k r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a in in g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
u s u a lly a c q u ir e d t h r o u g h f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s ib le
f o r in c o m in g s h ip m e n ts 01 m e r c h a n d is e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
Sh ipping w o r k
in v o lv e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le
m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a t e s ; an d p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s o f the g o o d s
s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f s h ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r in g th e
m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s ; V e r if y in g o r d ir e c t in g
o t h e r s in v e r if y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n ts a g a in s t b ills o f la d in g ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s and r e je c t in g d a m a g e d
g o o d s ; ro u tin g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r ia ls to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n t s ; and m a in ­
ta in in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , th is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n ot
in c lu d e t o o l a nd d ie m a k e r s w h o ( 1) a r e e m p lo y e d i n ’t o o l and d ie jo b b in g
s h o p s o r ( 2) p r o d u c e f o r g in g d ie s (d ie s in k e r s ) .

For

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v is e th e o p e r a t io n o f
s t a t io n a r y e n g in e s a nd e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e le c t r i c a l ) t o s u p p ly th e
e s t a b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r , h e a t, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c o n d it io n in g .
W o r k in v o l v e s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g e q u ip m e n t s u c h as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a ir c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a te r p u m p s ;
m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; an d k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p t io n .
M a y a ls o s u p e r v is e t h e s e o p e r a t io n s .
H e a d o r c h i e f e n g in e e r s in e s t a b lis h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th an o n e e n g in e e r
a r e e x c lu d e d .

pu rposes,

w ork ers

are

c la s s ifie d

as

f o llo w s :

W AREH OU SEM AN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r ie t y o f w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s w h ich r e q u ir e
an u n d e r s ta n d in g o f th e e s t a b lis h m e n t 's s t o r a g e p la n . W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t
o f th e f o l l o w i n g : V e r if y in g m a t e r ia ls ( o r m e r c h a n d is e ) a g a in st r e c e iv in g
d o c u m e n t s , n o tin g and r e p o r t in g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and o b v io u s d a m a g e s ; ro u tin g
m a t e r ia ls t o p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , s ta c k in g , o r p a lle t iz in g
m a t e r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m e t h o d s ; r e a r r a n g in g and
ta k in g in v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r ia ls and
r e p o r t in g d e t e r io r a t io n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v in g m a t e r ia l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r in g it f o r s h ip m e n t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r t r u c k s in p e r fo r m in g
w a r e h o u s in g d u tie s .

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F ir e s
s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h th e e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ich
e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e ls to f i r e b y hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; a nd c h e c k s w a te r and
s a fe t y v a l v e s .
M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a ir in g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t.

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u t i e s
in v o lv e sh ip p in g and
r e c e iv in g w o r k ( s e e S h ip p in g and R e c e iv in g C le r k and S h ipping P a c k e r ),
o r d e r f illin g ( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a t in g p o w e r t r u c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k
O p e ra to r).

Material Movement and Custodial

O R D E R F IL L E R
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d is e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s t r u c t io n s .
M a y , in a d d itio n t o f illin g o r d e r s and in d i­
c a tin g it e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u is it io n
a d d itio n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p lie s to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o th e r
r e la t e d d u tie s .

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r iv e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r in d u s t r ia l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e q u ip m e n t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r io u s t y p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s s u ch a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p la n ts , fr e ig h t d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s a le a n d
r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a il e s t a b lis h m e n t s and
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y a ls o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith
o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , and k e e p t r u c k in g o o d
w o r k in g o r d e r . S a le s r o u t e a nd o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th e m
in sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t
u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , and n u m b e r o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n ta in e r
e m p lo y e d , and m e t h o d o f s h ip m e n t.
W o r k r e q u ir e s th e p la c in g o f it e m s in
sh ip p in g c o n t a in e r s and m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r io u s it e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e le c t io n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
ty p e a nd s iz e o f c o n t a in e r ; in s e r t in g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a in e r ; u sin g e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r ia l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a in e r ; and a p p ly in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g id e n tify in g d a ta on c o n ta in e r . P a c k e r s
w h o a ls o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .

F o r w a g e s tu d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t, a s f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h ou ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)




stu d y

S h ip p in g c l e r k
R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g an d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN E E R

T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,
T r u c k d r iv e r ,

w age

lig h t t r u c k (u n d e r 1V2 to n s )
m e d iu m t r u c k ( I V 2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( t r a ile r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y t r u c k ( o t h e r them t r a i le r ) ( o v e r 4 ton s)

27

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

G U A R D AND W ATCH M AN

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, s t o r e , o r
o th e r e s t a b lis h m e n t w h o s e d u tie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and u n lo a d in g v a r io u s m a t e r ia ls and m e r c h a n d is e on o r f r o m f r e ig h t
c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r t r a n s p o r t in g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r t in g
m a t e r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e b y h a n d t r u c k , c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
L on gshore
w o r k e r s , w h o lo a d and u n lo a d s h ip s , a r e e x c lu d e d .

G u a rd .
P e r f o r m s r o u tin e p o l i c e d u t ie s , e it h e r at f ix e d p o s t o r on
t o u r , m a in ta in in g o r d e r , u sin g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s
g u a r d s w ho a r e s ta tio n e d at g a te a nd c h e c k o n id e n tity o f e m p lo y e e s and
o t h e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tch m a n .
M akes rou n d s o f p r e m is e s
p r o p e r t y a g a in st f i r e , th e ft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .

p e r io d ic a lly

in

p r o t e c t in g

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o lle d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t g o o d s and m a t e r ia ls o f a ll k in d s a b ou t a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu r in g p la n t, o r o t h e r e s t a b lis h m e n t .

tru ck ,

F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f p o w e r as fo llo w s :
F o r k lif t o p e r a t o r
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r th an f o r k lif t )




C le a n s and k e e p s in an o r d e r l y c o n d it io n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r i c a l
o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o l l o w i n g :
S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , t r a s h ,
and o t h e r r e fu s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t, f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f ix t u r e s o r t r im m in g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p lie s a nd m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , an d r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s w ho s p e c ia liz e
in w in d o w w a sh in g a r e e x c lu d e d .

Area Wage
Surveys
A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins
may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back
cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
O ffice, Washington, D .C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 1976, is available on request.
A rea
A k r o n , O h i o , D e c . 19 7 8 .............................................................................
A lb a n y —S c h e n e c ta d y —T r o y , N . Y ., S ep t. 1978 1 _______________
A n a h e im ^ S a n ta A n a—G a r d e n G r o v e ,
C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 7 _________________________________________________
A t la n t a , G a ., M a y 1 9 7 8 1_________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 19 7 8 1____________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t ., J u ly 19 7 8 _______________________________________
B ir m in g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 1 _____________________________________
B u ff a lo , N .Y ., O c t . 1977 -------------------------------------------------------------C a n t o n , O h io , M a y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
C h a t ta n o o g a , T e n n .—G a . , S e p t. 19 7 8 1 _________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1 9 7 8 __________________________________________
C in c in n a t i, O h io —K y .—I n d ., J u ly 1 9 7 8 __________________________
C le v e la n d , O h io , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 _____________________________________
C o lu m b u s , O h io , O c t . 1978 1 ____________________________________
C o r p u s C h r i s t i , T e x . , J u ly 1 9 7 8 ________ _______________________
D a l l a s - F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1978 1 _________________________
D a v e n p o r t—R o c k I s l a n d - M o l i n e , Iow a —111., F e b . 1 9 7 8 ______
D a y to n , O h io , D e c . 1 977 1------------------------------------------------------------D a y to n a B e a c h , F l a . , A u g . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
D e n v e r —B o u l d e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 977 1___________________________
D e t r o it , M i c h . , M a r . 19 7 8 _______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , Ju n e 1 9 7 8 1 -------------------------------------------------------G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , S e p t. 1 9 7 8 ------------------------------------------------------G r e e n B a y , W i s ., J u ly 19 7 8 1 ___________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in s t o n -S a l e m — ig h P o in t ,
W
H
N . C . , A u g . 19 7 8 __________________________________________________
G r e e n v ille —S p a r ta n b u r g , S . C . , J u n e 1978_____________________
H a r t f o r d , C o n n ., M a r . 1 9 7 8 1 -----------------------------------------------------H o u s t o n , T e x ., A p r . 1 9 7 8 ________________________________________
H u n t s v ille , A l a . , F e b . 1 9 7 8 -------------------------------------------------------I n d ia n a p o lis , I n d ., O c t . 1978 1 --------------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1 9 7 8 _______________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ---------------------------------------------------K a n s a s C it y , M o .—K a n s . , S e p t. 1978___________________________
L o s A n g e le s —L o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , O c t . 1 9 7 8 1 -----------------------L o u i s v i l l e , K y . - I n d ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 1______________________________
M e m p h is , T e n n .—A r k .—M i s s ., N o v . 1978______________________




Bulletin number
and price*
2 0 2 5 -6 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 8 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0

1 9 5 0 -6 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 0 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 3 ,
1 9 5 0 -5 8 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 9 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 2 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 8 ,
1 9 5 0 -7 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 1 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 5 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 1 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
80 c e n ts
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1.00
$ 1 .5 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .4 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .2 0

2 0 2 5 -4 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -3 0 ,
2 0 2 '5 -1 4 ,
2 0 2 5 -2 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -4 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -1 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 7 ,
2 0 2 5 -5 3 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 1 ,
1 9 5 0 -6 6 ,
2 0 2 5 -6 2 ,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.20
$ 1 .2 0
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .5 0
70 c e n ts
70 c e n ts
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0

Area

Bulletin number
and price*

M ia m i, F l a . , O c t . 1978 1 ......................................................................... 2 0 2 5 -6 0 , $ 1 .3 0
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1978 1 _________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -1 8 , $ 1 .4 0
M in n e a p o lis —St. P a u l, M in n .— i s . , Jan. 1978 1_____________ 2 0 2 5 - 2 ,
W
$ 1 .4 0
N a s s a u - S u f f o lk , N . Y ., June 1978 1
____________________________
2 0 2 5 -3 3 , $ 1 .3 0
N e w a r k , N .J ., Jan . 1978 1______________________________________
2 0 2 5 - 7 , $ 1 .4 0
N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., J a n . 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
2 0 2 5 - 5 , $ 1 .0 0
N ew Y o r k , N . Y .- N . J . , M a y 1978 1..................... ............................... 2 0 2 5 -3 5 , $ 1 .5 0
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h —P o r t s m o u t h , V a .—
N .C ., M a y 1978---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 0 2 5 -2 0 , 70 c e n ts
N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B e a c h — o r t s m o u t h and
P
N e w p o r t N ew s— a m p to n , V a .—N .C ., M a y 1978____________
H
2 0 2 5 -2 1 , 80 c e n ts
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y lv a n ia , A u g . 1 9 78__ _________________________
2 0 2 5 -4 7 , $ 1 .0 0
O k la h o m a C it y , O k la ., A u g . 1978_____________________________
2 0 2 5 -4 0 , $ 1 .0 0
O m a h a , N e b r .—Io w a , O c t . 1978________________________________
2 0 2 5 -5 6 , $ 1 .0 0
P a t e r s o n ^ C l i f t o n - P a s s a i c , N .J ., June 1978 1 _______________ 2 0 2 5 -3 6 , $ 1 .2 0
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .—N .J ., N o v . 1978.................................. .................. 2 0 2 5 -5 4 , $ 1 .3 0
P it t s b u r g h , P a ., J a n . 1 9 7 8 ______________________ ______________ 2 0 2 5 - 3 , $ 1 .1 0
P o r t la n d , M a in e , D e c . 1 9 7 7 ___________________________________ 1 9 5 0 -6 9 , 70 ce n ts
P o r t la n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M a y 1978_________________ __________
W
2 0 2 5 -2 5 , $ 1 .0 0
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N .Y ., Jun e 1978 1_____________________________
2 0 2 5 -3 7 , $ 1 .1 0
P o u g h k e e p s ie —K in g s to n -N e w b u r g h , N .Y ., June 1978 1 _____ 2 0 2 5 -4 2 , $ 1 .2 0
P r o v id e n c e - W a r w ic k —P a w t u c k e t , R .L —
M a s s . , June 1978__ ____________________________________________
2 0 2 5 -2 7 , $ 1 .4 0
R ic h m o n d , V a ., June 1978______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -2 6 , 80 ce n ts
St. L o u is , M o .—111., M a r . 1978_________________________________
2 0 2 5 -1 3 , $ 1 .2 0
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f ., D e c . 1977 1.......................................................... 1 9 5 0 -7 2 , $ 1 .0 0
S a g in a w , M i c h ., N o v . 1 9 7 7 ............................. ......................................
1 9 5 0 -5 9 , 70 ce n ts
Salt L a k e C ity—O g d e n , U tah , N o v . 1 9 7 7 ______________________
1 9 5 0 -6 8 , 80 ce n ts
San A n t o n io , T e x ., M a y 1978__________________________________
2 0 2 5 -1 7 , 70 ce n ts
San D ie g o , C a l i f ., N o v . 1977 1_________________________________
1 9 5 0 -7 3 , $ 1 . 1 0
San F r a n c i s c o —O a k la n d , C a l i f ., M a r . 1978 1_________________ 2 0 2 5 -1 0 , $ 1 .4 0
San J o s e , C a l i f ., M a r . 1978 1__________________________________ 2 0 2 5 - 9 , $ 1 .2 0
S e a ttle —E v e r e t t , W a s h ., D e c . 1977________________ ____________ 1 9 5 0 -7 5 , 80 ce n ts
South B e n d , In d ., A u g . 1978____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -4 4 , $ 1 .0 0
T o le d o , O h io — i c h ., M a y 1978 1______________________________
M
2 0 2 5 -2 4 , $ 1 .2 0
T r e n t o n , N .J ., S ep t. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -5 5 , $ 1 .2 0
U tic a r -R o m e , N .Y ., J u ly 19 7 8 __________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -3 4 , $ 1 .0 0
W a s h in g to n , D .C .—M d .—V a ., M a r . 1978 1 ____________________
2 0 2 5 -1 2 , $ 1 .4 0
W ic h it a , K a n s ., A p r . 1978______________________________________ 2 0 2 5 -1 6 , 80 ce n ts
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1978 1 _______________________________
2 0 2 5 -1 9 , $ 1 .1 0
Y o r k , P a ., F e b . 1978 1__________________________________________
2 0 2 5 -8 , $ 1 . 10

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region ID

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area C ode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y 10036
Phone 399-5406 (Area Code 212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
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Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Colum bia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
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Georgia
Kentucky
M ississippi
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Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)

Second Floor
555 G riffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex 75202
Phone. 767-6971 (Area Code 214)

Federal O ffice Building
911 Walnut St.. 15th Flooi
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif 94102
Phone:556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
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VII
Iowa
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M issouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
W yom ing

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington