View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

<=? ,

/<?S O

Area
Wage
Survey

3
-

7

o

Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
December 1977

Bulletin 1950-70
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

go

C0U-’
1
o ^ e fV




Co.

Portage

Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u lt s o f a D e c e m b e r 1977 s u r v e y o f o c c u ­
p ational e a r n in g s in the A k r o n , O hio , Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a tis tic a l A r e a .
T h e s u r v e y w a s m a d e as p a r t o f the B u re a u o f L a b o r S t a ti s ti c s ' annual a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m . It w a s condu cted by the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in
C h ic a g o , 111., un der the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f L o i s L . O r r , A s s i s t a n t R e g i o n a l
C o m m i s s i o n e r f o r O p e r a t i o n s . T h e s u r v e y could not have b een a c c o m p lis h e d
without the c o o p e r a t i o n o f the m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o ­
v id ed the b as is f o r the s t a t i s t i c a l in f o r m a t i o n in this b u ll e tin . T h e B u re a u
w i s h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a ti o n f o r the c o o p e r a t i o n r e c e i v e d .
M a t e r i a l in this p u b lic ation is in the pub lic d o m a in and m a y be
r e p r o d u c e d without p e r m i s s i o n o f the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t .
P le a s e cred it




the B u re a u
p ub li cation .

of

Labor

S ta tis tic s

and

c ite

the

nam e

and number

of

this

Note:
C u r r e n t l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e r a t e s in the A k r o n a r e a a r e a v a ila b le
f o r buil din g t r a d e s , p rin tin g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a ti n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .
F r e e c o p ie s o f
th ese a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(See bac k c o v e r
fo r addresses.)

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Julius Shiskin, Commissioner
March 1978
Bulletin 1950-70

Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
December 1977
C o n te n ts

P age

I n tr o d u c tio n ----------------------------------------- --------------

2

Tables:
A.

E a r n in g s , all e s tab lishm en ts:
A-l.
W e e k l y earnings of o f f i c e
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------A - 2 . W e e k l y e arnings of p r o f e s ­
sional andte chn ica l w o r k e r s --------A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arning s of
o f fic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and
technical w o r k e r s , b y s e x -----------A - 4 . H o u r l y earnings of m a i n t e ­
nance, t o o l r o o m , and
p ow e rp lan t w o r k e r s --------------------A - 5 . H o u r l y earnings of m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and custodial
w o r k e r s ---------------------------------------A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r l y e arning s o f
m ainte nance, to o l r o o m ,
p ow erp lant, m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
ment, and custo dial w o r k e r s ,
b y s e x -----------------------------------------A-l. P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
ho u r ly ear n in g s ,ad ju s te d f o r
e m p lo y m e n t shifts, f o r s e ­
l e c te d occup ational g r o u p s -----------

Appendix A .
Appendix B.

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S.
Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover.




Scope and method o f s u r v e y ---------Occupational d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------

3
6

8

10

11

13

14
15
18

Introduction
T h i s a r e a is 1 o f 74 in wh ic h the U.S. D e p a rt m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s conducts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and r e l a t e d
b e n e f i t s . (See l is t o f a r e a s on in s id e bac k c o v e r . ) In each a r e a , oc c u p atio n al
e a r n i n g s data ( A - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e c o l l e c t e d annually. I n f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e b e n e f its ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) is
ob ta ined e v e r y t h i r d y e a r . T h is r e p o r t has no B - s e r i e s t a b le s .

E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s ha ve b e en c o m ­
p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b ull etins a r e i s s u e d .
T h e f i r s t b r i n g s t o g e t h e r data
f o r each m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the se co n d p r e s e n t s na tio n al and
r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data, f o r
a ll Stan dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d State s , e xclud in g
A l a s k a and H aw a ii.

A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the need
to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s ,
th ro u gh the a n a lys is o f (1) the l e v e l and d is trib u t io n o f w a g e s by occup atio n,
and (2) the m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l . The
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m any p u r p o s e s , including
w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g , and a s s i s t a n c e in
d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t io n . S u r v e y re s u lt s a ls o a r e used by the U.S. D e p a r t ­
m en t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e te r m i n a t i o n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t ra c t A c t
o f 1965.




A - s e r i e s ta b le s
T a b l e s A - 1 th rough A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y
o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k e r s in o ccup atio ns c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f
m an u fac tu rin g and nonm anufa cturing in d u s t r i e s . F o r the 31 l a r g e s t s u r v e y
a r e a s , ta b le s A - 8 th rough A - 1 3 p r o v i d e s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e m p l o y i n g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v e r a g e h o u rly e arnin g s
o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s trial
n u r s e s , s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and un skilled plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e p r e s e n t e d f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u f a c ­
tu r in g and nonm anu fa cturin g s e p a r a t e l y . Data a r e not p r e s e n t e d f o r s k i l l e d
m ain te n an c e w o r k e r s in n onm anu fa cturin g b e c a u s e the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s
e m p l o y e d in this oc c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in n onm anu fa cturin g is too s m a l l to
w a r r a n t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n ta tio n .
T h i s ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f w ag e
tr e n d s a f t e r e li n i m a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s caused by e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts am ong e s t a b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r of e s ta b lis h m e n ts
included in s u r v e y s a m p l e s . F o r f u r t h e r d e t a i l s , s ee appendix A.
Ap p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m eth od s and c on cep ts used in the a r e a
w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m and p r o v i d e s i n f o r m a t i o n on the scop e o f the s u r v e y .
A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used by B u re au f i e l d e c o n o ­
m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by occupation.

A. Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—
$

A v e rage
Occupation

and

industry division

of
workers

weekly
Me a n 2

(standard)

Median 2

Middle

range 2

s

*
90

s

s

s

s

$

$

” 5 ---------- s

*

s

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

and

ZOO

2 10

_

100

i

1 ---------- *

_

220

240

260

i

---------- $
280

300

%
320

%
340

_

360
and

u n d er
100

ALL

---------------------------

-

4

-

-

------------

17A

4 0 .0

2 7 0 .0 0

2 8 2 .0 0

2 4 6 .5 0 - 2 9 1 .0 0

-

-

-

-

---------------------------

145

4 0 .0

2 7 5 .0 0

2 6 3 .5 0

2 6 1 .0 0 - 2 9 0 .5 0

-

-

-

-

29

3 9 .5

2 4 4 ,0 0

2 3 1 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0 - 2 9 5 .0 0

-

-

-

-

------------

345

4 0 . 0

2 3 9 .0 0

2 4 0 .5 0

2 0 6 .0 0 - 2 6 9 .0 0

-

-

-

---------------------------

274

4 0 .0

2 4 8 .5 0

2 4 7 .0 0

2 1 6 .5 0 - 2 7 0 .0 0

-

-

101

147

112

7 1

83

96

93

22

37

18

51

19

5

21

44

32

14

14

“

3

6

3

5

3

9

40

30

13

14

-

-

5

-

5

6

16

15

25

74

18

4

-

71

3 9 .5

2 1 0 .5 0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 - 2 2 8 .5 0

-

-

"

-

------------

713

4 0 .0

2 1 3 .5 0

2 1 1 .5 0

1 8 3 .0 0 - 2 4 4 .0 0

-

-

4

---------------------------

565

4 0 .0

2 1 5 .5 0

2 1 3 .0 0

1 8 7 .5 0 - 2 4 1 .5 0

-

-

-

14b

3 9 .0

2 0 4 .5 0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 5 2 .0 0

-

-

4

64

4 0 .0

2 4 6 .0 0

2 5 7 .5 0

2 4 0 .0 0 - 2 7 5 .5 0

-

-

"

4

13

20

23

-

1

8

11

A

-------------------B

-------------------C

---------------------------------------------

323

3 9 .5

1 8 3 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0

1 5 4 .0 0 - 2 0 9 .5 0

-

---------------------------

202

4 0 . 0

1 8 5 .5 0

1 8 8 .5 0

1 6 3 .6 0 - 2 0 8 .0 0

-

D

16

16

15

21

21

3

-

-

4

~

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

5

6

21

24

1

3

5

15

4

3

16

9

5

-

-

3

-

-

14

2 1

9

12

-

-

3

260

28 J

3 00

320

122

199

117

178

253

182

1 11

42

12

209

150

97

28

12

340

360

over

-

2

5

7

“

“

2

39

44

55

71

62

59

100

128

45

9

10

8

3

-

34

54

42

5 1

54

59

96

108

20

3

9

8

3

10

13

20

6

4

20

25

6

1

3

6

-

3

”

"

17

25

6

i

“

~

25

28

30

40

24

17

35

24

3

-

2

-

-

-

23

17

29

28

19

14

26

4

1

-

9

6

6

13

43

---------------------------

149

4 0 . 0

1 6 2 .5 0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 - 1 7 7 .0 0

-

2

6

6

6

36

3 9 .5

1 6 8 .0 0

1 6 0 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 9 7 .5 0

-

7

-

“

7

5

-

“

”

~

-

-

-

4

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

43

22

66

53

1

19

11

6

4

9

4

17

-

19

5

-

-

“

26

23

14

4

17

9

14

2

-

-

-

32

9

20

7

3

1

8

9

2

-

-

18

17

3

7

1

16

1

5

-

-

-

4

1

-

----------

368

3 9 .5

2 0 4 .0 0

2 0 2 .5 0

1 7 9 .5 0 - 2 3 3 .5 0

-

-

5

1

-

14

17

33

36

29

30

4V

14

71

64

--------------------

7a

3 8 .0

1 8 9 .0 0

1 8 5 .0 0

1 5 0 .5 0 - 2 3 1 .5 0

-

-

4

-

-

12

6

8

7

4

5

7

■

14

11

34

4 0 . 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .5 0

-

-

3 9 .5

1 5 5 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 2 5 .0 0 - 1 7 6 .5 0

-

28

SENIOR

Tr ANSCRIBING-M ACHIN E

TYPISTS

--------------------------------------------------

5 06

3

-

7 1

52

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

4

8

4

-

3

-

4

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

61

56

55

31

41

28

22

8

1 1

22

16

-

4

-

-

-

-

17

16

7

lu

-

-

“

4

“

~

“

-

1

-

1 3 6 .5 0 - 1 6 0 .5 0

-

4

21

22

36

39

38

16

14

7

3 9 .0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 6 7 .5 0

-

24

5 0

30

25

17

17

15

12

1 1

6

1

1

8

9

75

4 0 .0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 6 2 .6 0 - 2 2 5 .5 0

-

“

-

"

-

4

1 3

7

1 1

11

6

1

1

8

9

----------------------

190

4 0 .0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 7 0 .0 0

1 5 2 .0 0 - 1 9 3 .5 0

-

-

6

6

10

17

3 2

22

28

16

17

4

5

19

6

-

-

---------------------------

123

4 0 . 0

1 7 4 .0 0

1 7 0 .5 0

1 4 7 .5 0 - 1 9 3 .5 0

-

-

6

8

7

14

15

9

17

11

1 1

4

4

11

6

“

“

"

~

~

”

-

4

-

-

4
4

“

~

-

A

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------

U T ILIT IE S
6

---------------

276

4 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0

67

3 9 .5

1 7 3 .5 0

1 6 9 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 - 1 8 2 .5 0

-

49

4 0 .0

1 8 0 .5 0

1 7 8 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0 - 1 9 8 .0 0

-

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 5 3 .5 0

_

----------------------

316

3 9 .5

1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 2 .5 0

---------------------------

153

4 0 .0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0 - 1 6 3 .5 0

-

163

3 9 .0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 2 1 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 - 1 3 8 .0 0

-

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------

PUBLIC

U T ILIT IE S

---------------

26

CLERKS

----------------------------------------

268

---------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

--------------------

U T ILIT IE S

---------------

4 0 .0

2 1 7 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 - 2 5 9 .0 0

-

-

-

-

28

4
24

-

44

3

3

17

13

1 1

5

6

1

6

~

13

6

10

5

6

~

1

8

12

5

4

o

3

6

3

10

51

39

9

13

15

14

29

25

23

7

12

5

3

6

50

30

22

14

-

2

1

6

i

-

9

-

-

1

1

6

-

1

“

“

9

~

23

11

44

65

-

4

-

14

12

6

18

9

7

4

i

-

7

10

3

12

7

6

3

i

-

-

7

2

3

6

23

2

1

17

8

i

-

-

-

1

1

6

23

2

1

1 7

8

3
3

1

-

-

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 8 5 .0 0

-

1 7 0 .5 0

1 4 3 .0 0 - 1 9 7 .5 0

-

9

1

1 4 7 .0 0

1 3 1 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0

-

35

33

25

63

4 0 .0

2 0 0 .5 0

1 9 0 .5 0

1 8 2 .5 0 - 2 1 2 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

27

4

0

-

_

”

“
-

-

-

1

2

1 3 7 .5 0

1 6 7 .5 0

3 9 .5

-

“

27

1 5 3 .0 0

4 0 .0

29

-

29

3 9 .5

75
193

34

-

4

23

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




29

-•

-

-

“

230

--------------------

U T ILIT IE S

~
~

-

---------------

----------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

7

2

23

50

-

2

-

6

17

i i

i

28

40

7

MANUFACTURING

4

1

32

6

-

CLASS

27

4

11

7

4

MANUFACTURING

28

64

3

10

7

7

CLASS

68

54

3

49

2

-

MANUFACTURING

57

37

1

34

-

1 5 0 .0 0 - 2 0 9 .0 0

MANUFACTURING

40

37

4

25

1 6 3 .0 0 - 2 2 6 .5 0

1 6 7 .0 0

87

38

17

19

24

1 9 0 .0 0

--------------------

21

17

1

43

1 9 ^ .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0

9

-

36

10

4

3 9 .0

1 4 5 .0 0 - 1 8 0 .0 0

11

2

4 0 . 0

1 8 5 .0 0 - 2 3 1 .5 0

16

20

165

1 5 9 . QO

1

66

4 39

2 0 9 .0 0

1

-

9

--------------------

1 6 4 .5 0

-

-

85

---------------------------

2 0 7 .0 0

4

4

3

67

4 0 .0

14

7

23

57

4 0 .0

67

1

5

5

13

65

24

1

66

12

7

236

14

5

12

12

1 1

-------

11

1

34

12

9

---------------

5

1

4

-

GENERAL

3
2

43

-

1 5 8 .5 0 - 2 2 3 .0 0

1

-

11

1 3 0 .0 0 - 2 2 5 .5 0

1 8 5 .0 0

2

-

59

1 7 1 .5 0

-

3

2

1 7 8 .0 0

1 8 8 .5 0

3

2

59

3 9 .0

9
6

16

7

3 9 .5

5

-

-

-

3

121

U T ILIT IE S

7

-

6 04

NONMANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

108

57

--------------------

STENOGRAPHERS.

FILE

1

1 6 0 .0 0 - 2 4 5 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

TYPISTS.

1 9 5 . 0 0 - 2 5 8 . OJ

-----------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

2 2 6 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0 - 2 7 5 .5 0

CLASS

STENOGRAPHERS.

TYPISTS.

2 2 7 .0 0

1 9 3 .0 0

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

PUBLIC

4

4 0 .0

2 5 2 .0 0

U T ILIT IE S

MANUFACTURING

TYPISTS

-

1 .2 6 7

2 5 2 .5 0

NONMANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

79

27

240

$

2 0 0 .0 0

NONMANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

1 8 6 .5 0 - 2 5 5 .5 0

3 9 .5

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

STENOGRAPHERS

46

14

14

2 1 9 .5 0

4 0 .0

ONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES.

35

29

9

2 2 1 .0 0

130

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

2 20

25

$

4 0 .0

373

NONMANUFACTURING

SECRETARIES.

210

17

$

1 t6 4 U

---------------

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

n

2 00

150

--------------------

U T ILIT IE S

SECRETARIES.

190

140

-

NONMANUFACTURIN6

SECRETARIES.

180

130

WORKERS

----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

170

120

$

SECRETARIES

16 0

110

-

~
-

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977— Continued
N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly earn in gs o f—

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s t r y d iv is io n

NiuiiUi
nf
Ot

s

Average
weekly

s
90

s

s

s

%

s

%

%

S

s

%

s

%

S

%

%

%

s

s

$

M ean2

( s ta n d a r d)

M i d d l e r a ng e 2

M ed ia n 2

100

110

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

200

2 10

220

290

260

280

300

320

340

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

and

100

wor ke r s

1 1U

120

130

190

150

160

170

180

190

2 00

210

2 20

290

260

280

300

320

390

360

o v e r

ALL

2

3

4

4

5

2

5

20

3

1

-

-

-

1

3

2

5

2

"

5

4

3

1

2

13

10

4

8

-

360

and
u n d er

MOk K E R S —

CuNTINUEO
E I

l

E

Cl E k K

-

s

CONTINUED
$

F IL E

CLERKS*

FILE

$

$

-----------------------------

52

4 0 .0

1 8 9 .0 0

2 0 7 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0 - 2 1 2 .0 0

-

-

--------------------------------------------

26

9 0 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 9 7 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0 - 2 1 2 .0 0

-

-

-

1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 0 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

23

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
CLERKS.

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

CLERKS.

CLASS

SNITCHBOAk G

-----------------------------

OFLR

a

MANUFACTURING
NONnANUFAC
PUBLIC

3

-

6

18

8

8

2

3

33

9 0 .0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 5 7 .5 0

1 9 3 .5 0 - 1 7 9 .5 0

-

4

~

-

1

6

7

1

7

2

2

1

2

90

3 9 .0

1 9 7 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0

1 1 8 .5 0 - 1 7 8 .0 0

-

2

23

17

17

2

1

1

6

8

2

i

1

8

93

3 9 .5

1 3 5 .0 0

1 1 8 .5 0

1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 9 2 .0 0

-

38

11

9

9

3

-

-

-

15

5

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 3 9 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0

1 0 6 .0 0 - 1 9 0 .5 0

-

33

10

5

8

3

-

-

-

15

-

123

3 9 .5

77

1 5 1 . Ou

17

-

-

1

“

“

-

-

1
“

3

-

3

“

-

-

4 0 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0 - 1 3 9 .5 0

-

19

19

29

18

6

6

5

1

-

1

1

2

9 0 .0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 5 .0 0 - 1 3 6 .5 0

-

12

18

18

17

8

2

3

-

-

1

1

i

-------------------------------

71

3 9 .0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 5 6 .5 0

1 1 7 .0 0 - 2 0 8 .5 0

6

7

6

5

3

3

6

8

5

1

-

5

-

11

2

-

5**

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 9 6 .0 0

1 1 5 .5 0 - 1 6 9 .5 0

6

6

5

5

3

2

7

8

3

-

3

-

5

-

-

IB B

9 0 .0

1 5 2 .5 0

1 9 5 .0 0

1 2 6 .3 0 - 1 6 5 .0 0

-

6

13

29

20

36

19

22

6

19

2

1

5

-

4

1 5 3 .5 0

1 5 2 .5 0

20

-------------------------------------

TOk - R E C E P T I O N I S T S --------------------------------------------

86

I u R I n G ---------------------

10u

U TILIT IE S

------------------------------------------------------

1 3 3 .U 0 -1 6 2 .5 U

-

-

5

12

12

11

1 9

2

4

9 0 .0

1 5 2 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0

1 2 6 .5 0 - 1 7 5 .0 0

-

6

8

17

6

25

5

2

9

10

9 0 . 0

1 7 5 .5 0

1 9 9 .5 0

1 4 5 .U 0 - l8 5 .0 0

-

15

-

-

-

6

-

9 0 .0

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

”

~

“

~

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

5

-

-

-

1 1

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

21

2 26

4 0 .0

1 9 4 . 5J

1 9 3 . 5u

1 5 3 .0 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0

-

10

16

4

14

10

5

19

1 1

21

12

11

17

22

26

--------------------------------------------

111

3 9 .5

1 9 6 .5 J

1 8 8 .0 0

1 5 9 .5 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0

-

3

i

i

8

10

5

13

6

10

5

2

5

20

12

5

i. ON M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------

l i b

1 9 2 .0 0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 3 8 .3 0 - 2 9 2 .0 0

-

7

15

3

6

-

-

6

5

11

7

9

12

2

16

16

1 1J

o
o

2b

-

~

~

o
o

-------------------------------

1 1

-

“

"

“

99

-

~

d l

o p e r a t o r s

AkO

$

--------------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

u

C

------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

SwITCHB

-----------------------------

------------------------------------

NONm A N U F A C T U R I N G
MESSENGERS

6

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
FILE

A

2 1 2 .0 0

2 0 6 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0 - 2 4 2 .0 0

-

2

-

2

2

-

i

6

7

17

12

9

12

4

17

1 7

1

1

2 1 5 .5 0

2 1 1 .0 0

1 8 6 .u 0 - 2 5 1 .0 0

-

2

-

i

-

-

-

6

5

1 1

7

9

12

2

16

16

”

3

18

11

4

-

2

5

18

11

4

”

131

-

“

2

-

OKOER

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING

UROEh

CLE

r

KS*

NONE. A N uF

a

C f

k

KS.

Or OER

CLE

j

CLASS
K I nG

D

--------------------------

--------------------------------------------

67
1 lo

bo

4 0 .0

9 0 .0

1 7 7 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 3 0 .

- 2 2 6 .50

-

8

16

2

12

10

4

13

4

4

_

4 0 .0

19 o •0 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 5 1 .3 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0

-

3

i

-

6

10

4

13

4

4

-

jO

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

“
-

-

-

3

-

-

-

3

“

“

2

7

i

7

1

4 0 . 0

19 o • 0 J

1 9 1 .0 0

1 5 1 .3 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0

-

3

30

25

68

103

39

81

66

65

77

34

31

1 36

55

11

5

4

--------------------------------------------

561

4 0 . 0

2JO.0 0

2 0 9 .0 0

1 6 6 .0 0 - 2 9 5 .5 0

-

3

5

12

26

29

17

62

92

90

31

30

23

76

93

49

6

5

4

ONM A NUF AC T u R I N G -------------------------------------

<*07

4 0 .0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 7 3 . OU

1 9 0 .0 0 - 2 2 2 .5 0

-

-

25

13

92

74

17

19

29

25

96

4

b

55

43

6

5

-

--------------------------------

159

9 0 .0

2 2 1 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0 - 2 9 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

3

-

12

-

-

-

36

~

i

97

93

6

5

“

--------------

522

20

22

lb

35

PUBLIC

------------------------------------------

U TILITIE S

a c c o u n t i n g

9 0 .0

2 1 6 .5 0

2 2 6 • Ou

1 8 1 .5 0 - 2 9 8 .0 0

_

-

1

1

3 93

9 0 .0

2 2 6 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0

1 9 5 .U O -2 5 6 .5 0

-

-

i

1

179

4 0 .0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 6 3 .5 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0

--------------

<*46

9 0 .0

1 7 U .0 0

1 6 1 .0 0

1 9 0 .u 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0

--------------------------------------

216

9 0 .0

1 7 5 .5 0

1 6 5 .0 0

1 9 9 .5 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0

-

c l e r k s

MANUFACTURING

,

c l e r k s

MA NU FA CTU R ING

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

PAYROLL

b

a

------------------------------------.

Cl

a s s

b

r

KS

23

93

32

29

2 1

100

105

99

10

5

4

2

7

4

16

26

18

17

21

2 u

59

79

99

5

5

4

1

7

1 9

7

17

17

15

1

96

26

-

5

-

-

1

-

29

29

48

81

16

58

23

30

95

10

10

31

31

6

1

4

11

18

22

1 3

96

16

22

19

9

3

22

19

-

1

-

_
-

-

13

30

59

3

12

7

8

31

1

7

9

17

6

-

-

"

~

30

~

7

7

17

6

9 0 .0

1 6 9 .5 0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 - 1 9 5 .0 0

9 0 .0

2 1 7 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0

1 9 5 .0 0 - 2 5 6 .3 0

20

3 9 .5

1 5 1 . Ou

1 9 9 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0 - 1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

3

2

1 7 9 .0 0 - 2 3 9 .0 0

-

-

3

4

-

2
1

3

'

"

“

'

12

-

1

10

-

-

-

6

9

5

9

19

19

2

3

3

5

9

5

8

13

8

2

3

1

1

1

1

-

.

-

-

"

“

“

-

-

-

-

-

7

1

_
-

_
-

1

.

—------------ —---------------------

NONF i A n UF AC T u R I N G -------------------------------------

186
111
77

2 0 9 .0 0

2 1 7 .0 0

4 0 . J

2 0 1 .5 0

2 0 1 .5 0

1 6 6 * 5 Q —2 3 6 * 0 - 3

9 0 .0

2 2 0 .0 0

2 3 0 .0 0

2 1 2 .0 0 - 2 3 0 .0 0

S e e fo o tn o te s at en d o f ta b le s .




3

25

3
3

70

-------------------------------------------------

M ANU FACTU RING

“

7

226

---------------------------------------------------------------Cl E

~

15

8

-------------------------------

o p e r a t o r s

1

12

------------------------------------

u t i l i t i e s

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE
CLASS

c l a s s

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
a c c o u n t i n g

966

o

CLERKS

MANUFACTURING

■e
c

ACCOUNTING

n

---------------------------

------------------------------------

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

A

4

1
-

4

i i

-

-

-

-

29

55

16

10

6

22

11

6

5

-

16

33

5

4

2

1

1

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977— Continued
—

O c c u p a tio n

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Weekly earning^^™
(standard)

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard)

Num ber

s
90
Me an 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

of w orkers

s

S
100

receiving

s

$
110

120

straight-tim e

130

weekly

S

s
140

150

earnings

s
160

%

170

of—

*

%

180

190

200

220

s

s

*

*
210

240

260

280

s
300

*
320

$
340

and

360
and

under

100

ALL

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

2
2

8
-

31

49
16
33

94
29
65

35
29
6

63
47
16

38
27
11

24
23
1

22
19

29

38
20
18

63

2

8

19
19

3

-

-

-

3

5

2

4

22

44

-

1

i

18
17
1

55

“

17
16
1

26

~

1
1

19
18
1

2
2

8

19

30
2
28

46
14
32

33
16
17

77
13
6*

17
12

2
2

240

260

280

78
34

79
30
49

16
13

i
i

44

3

-

6
6
-

i
i
-

2 u

44

7b

_

4

17

27
17

29

12
12

-

4

i
i

49

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
i

i
1

2
2

_

_

_

-

_

-

300

320

340

360

ove r

NOKKERS—

CONTINUED

KEYPUNCH

OPERATORS

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

NONnANUFACTURING

KEYPUNCH

--------------------------------

---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------N O N r . A N U F A C T U R l N G --------------------------------

k e y p u n c h

OPERATORS.

o p e r a t o r s

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

footnotes

c l a s s

A

b

-----------

--------------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

See

,

CLASS

------------------------------------

667
34b
31V

40.0
40.0
40.0

$
18 4 . 5 0
19 3 . 5 0
17 5 . 0 0

$
178.5 0
18 6.0 0
15 2.0 0

$
$
150.00-223.00
167.50-219.00
136.00-230.00

333

237
96

40.0
40.0
40.0

209.50
204.00
223.50

204.50
19 4.0 0
24 5. 5 0

181.50-243.00
177.50-235.50
194.0Q -248.00

334
111
223

4 0 . 0 16 0 . 0 0
4 0 . 0 17 1 . 0 0
3 9 . 5 1 5 4. 50

15 0.0 0
166.00
15 0.0 0

136.0 0 -1 7 2 .5 0
145.00-179.00
131.5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0

-

-

8

19

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




5

5

49

14

4

11

30
24
6

37
25
12

8

8

5

5

3

5

3

5

3

34
7
27

1
1

3

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977
We e k l y earnings*
(standard)

O c c u p a tio n

Number
of
workers

a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Average
weekly
hours*
(standard)

N u m ber o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tra ig h t-tim e w e e k ly ea rn in gs o f—
$

%

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

120

--------------------------------------------

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS).

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS).

A

-----------------------------

38 8. 0 0
39 0. 5 0

280

300

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

140

160

180

2 00

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

4 00

12
9

7
7

8
4

"

"

15
11

28
22

27
24

38
35

_

_

_

_

“

”

“

~

1
1

“

“

4
2

10
8

A

COMPUTER
CLASS

B

C

COMPUTER

COMPUTER

DRAFTERS

329.00-394.50
344.50-402.50

197
162
35

40.0
40.0
39.5

300.00
307.50
266.00

30 3 . 5 0
31 0. 0 0
2 6 4. 0 0

273.00-329.00
285.50-333.50
250.50-301.50

7b
59

40.0
40.0

236.50
246.50

24 5. 0 0
24 7 . 5 0

229.50-259.50
2 3 0 .0 0 -2 6 0 .5 0

309
209
100

40.0
40.0
39.5

235.50
24 4 . 0 0
219.00

2 3 6. 5 0
24 8. 5 0
23 0 . 0 0

196.00-270.50
199.50-283.50
190.50-252.00

103
69

40.0
40.0

267.50
27 3 . 5 0

26 2 . 5 0
28 6 . 5 0

246.00-299.50
248.50-303.50

193
106
37

40.0
40.0
40.0

233.50
239.00
218.50

23 0 . 0 0
245.50
22 6 . 0 0

199.50-268.50
199.50-271.00
198.50-230.00

58
29

39.5
39.0

18 4 . 5 0
17 6 . 5 0

17 6. 5 0
17 4. 00

150.50-216.50
140.00-200.00

-

729
579

40.0
40.0

263.50
263.50

2 5 9. 0 0
2 5 9. 0 0

224.00-298.00
2 1 6 . 5G-299.00

--------------------------------

80

40.0

263.50

24 5 . 5 0

-------------------------------------

319
260

40.0
40.0

301.50
303.00

28 6 . 5 0
2 8 4. 0 0

266
250

40.0
40.0

246.50
242.50

24 0 . 0 0
2 3 3. 0 0

201.00-284.50
195.50-276.00

--------------------------------------------------------------------------CLASS

A

------------

--------------------------------------------

OPERATORS.

CLASS

B

-----------

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

OPERATORS.

CLASS

C

-----------

-------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

DRAFTERS.

MANUFACTURING
DRAFTERS.

360

360

400

s

$

%

s
500

4 20

440

460

480

-

-

-

-

-

and

420

4 40

4o0

480

500

over

37
32

22
22

13
12

11
11

4
4

11
11

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

A

-------------------------------------------B

_

_

14
14

23
22

18
18

11
10

10
10

3
3

8
6

1
1

i
1

3
3

1
1

~

“

4
4

6
6

4
2
2

_

_

_

_

_

”

“

9
8
1

3
3

-

2
2

1
1

_

_

-

“
_

_

-

10
7

3
3

3
3

14
11

20
20

15
15

24
21

13
9

3
3

25
20
5

44
31
13

54
32
22

39
33
6

58
44
14

59
52
7

45
3b
9

36
36

24
24

"

'

22
22
“

12
12
~

'

■

'

'

2
"

11
1

4

16
10

25
16

32
24

22
22

22
22

22
22

12
12

3
3

_

2
2

i
i

34
34

13
12
1

14
14

2
2

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

~

1
1

i
1

2
1
1

4
3
1

6
2
4

19
11
8

29
20
9

33
31
2

40
32
8

5
“

2
1

4
4

19
18

23
20

14
11

2
2

2
2

23
16
7

26
14
12

46
21
25

50
27
23

41
35
6

30
29
1

22
18
4

3
3
~

2
1

10
5

28
7

11
9

19
18

20
16

3
3

18
14
4

14
8
6

27
12
15

19
17
2

30
26
4

10
10

2
2

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

“

“

“

62
43

26
23

_

_

-

-

~

“

“

1
1

4

“

6
4
2

21
10
11

31
22
9

-

-

4
4

4
4

2
1
1

17
12

10
4

5

10

9

3

2

15
10

3

5

5

-

1
1

4
4

14
14

31
26

63
61

51
49

96
66

116
69

245.50-303.50

-

-

-

5

2

2

8

27

8

5

14

-

9

259.00-326.50
2 5 8 .5 0 -3 2 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

4
4

28
28

46
36

55
50

59
39

32
27

27
22

23
14

-

-

2
2

11
11

52
52

30
30

35
35

32
32

32
32

26
22

29
15

1
1

7
7

_
-

-

-

1
1
5

5

_
-

98
85

86
61

-

-

-

“

“

-

2
2
~

1
i

-

~

2
2
~

-

-

-

-

~

~

~

2
2

-

2
2

i

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

“

~

“

11
11

5
5

3
3

6
8

8
8

-

-

-

-

6
6

1
1

1
1

8
8

5
5

4
4

2
2

-

“

30
21

-

-

-

”

"

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

”

“

”

-

-

-

-

~

“

~

“

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

~

“

“

”

-

-

-

-

9
9

5
5

“

-

-

-

-

8
8

9
9

5
5

-

-

_

_

_

“

-

-

“

-

:

U T ILIT IE S
CLASS

_

_

(B U SINESS).

----------------------------------------------------------------

PUBLIC

340

-

(B U SINE S S).

--------------------------------------------

OPERATORS.

MANUFACTURING

_

35 9 . 0 0
37 2. 0 0

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

_

359.50
374.00

-------------------------------------

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

COMPUTER

_

_

40.0
40.0

(B U SINESS).

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

"

175
1 3b

PROGRAMMERS

MANUFACTURING

_

"

2 6 6 .0 0 -3 5 2 .5 0
276.00-363.50
249.50-305.50

PROGRAMMERS

NONMANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

_

"

31 2 . 0 0
325.00
26 8 . 5 0

--------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

_

"

40. 0 312.50
4 0 .0 323.00
3 9.5 269.50

------

------------------- ----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

_

448
359
89

(BUSINESS)

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

395.50-449.00
398.00-450.00

334.00-390.50
340.50-389.50

-------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

41 9 . 5 0
42 1. 5 0

36 9. 5 0
36 8. 0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------

COMPUTER

4 0 .0 424.00
40. 3 426.50

365.00
366.50

PROGRAMMERS

MANUFACTURING

102
96

40.0
40.0

-----------------------------

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

CLASS

320

$

%

260

354.50-427.00

110
97

B

--------------------------------------------

PROGRAMMERS

MANUFACTURING

COMPUTER

$

S

240

O

90. 0 387.50
9 0 .0 392.50

fO

235
20b

ANALYSTS

CLASS

MANUFACTURING
COMPUTER

*

22 0

ANALYSTS

CLASS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------COMPUTER

s

%

200

'
COMPUTER

$

160

ANALYSTS

---------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

o
o
I

(BUSINESS)

s

%

%

160

WORKERS

SYSTEMS

V
*

ALL

$

140

and
under

COMPUTER

s

%

120

2
2

110

-------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




6

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977— Continued
W ee k ly e arn in gs ^ ™
( standard)

O c c u p a tio n a n d in d u s t r y d iv is io n

Number

of

wodcers

A v e ra ge
w e e k ly
hours 1
(standard)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a rn in g s o f—
s

M ean 2

M edian 2

M idd le range 2

S

s
110

120

S

s
140

160

s
180

S

s
200

22 0

S

240

s

260

%

s
280

300

$
320

s

$
34 0

360

s
380

s

$
400

420

s

s

$
440

460

480

and
under
120

500
and

140

160

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

320

38

11

1

1

1

3

340

36 U

380

4 00

420

4 40

460

480

500

over

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
DRAETERS - CO NTINUED
D R A F TE R S . CLASS C ----------------------------------M ANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

122
AS

$
$
4 0 . 0 2 2 3 .5 0 1 , 1 . 5 0 2 0 9 .0 0 - 2 4 5 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 1 9 3 .5 0 1 8 0 .0 0 1 7 2 .5 0 - 2 1 8 . 5 0

129
93

4 0 . 0 2 6 4 .5 0 2 6 6 .0 0 2 3 8 .0 0 - 3 0 5 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 7 1 .0 0 2 6 6 .0 0 2 4 1 .5 0 - 3 0 7 . 5 0

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS A -

45

4 0 . 0 2 8 6 .5 0 2 8 0 .0 0 2 7 5 .0 0 - 3 1 3 . 5 0

E LE C TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS B MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

50
50

4 0 . 0 2 7 7 .0 0 2 9 8 .5 0 2 4 4 .0 0 - 3 0 7 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 7 7 .0 0 2 9 8 .5 0 2 4 4 .0 0 - 3 0 7 . 5 0

E LE C TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S . CLASS C -

34

R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSES -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------

60
5b

See

footnotes

at

end

of

o

25

ELEC TR O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N S -------------------------MANUFACTURING ------ -------------------------------------

O

D R A F TE R -TR A C E R S ----------------------------------------

4 0 . 0 1 6 8 .0 0 1 6 6 .0 0 1 4 0 .0 0 - 1 9 8 . 0 0

2 1 6 .*5 0 2 0 7 .0 0 2 0 0 .0 0 - 2 5 3 . 0 0

4 0 . 0 2 8 1 .5 0 2 8 1 .0 0 2 6 0 .5 0 - 2 9 6 . 5 0
4 0 . 0 2 8 2 .0 0 2 8 1 .0 0 2 6 1 .0 0 - 2 9 7 . 5 0

1

4

1

13

8

12

1

4

1

13

7

10

32
4

6

2

5

i

-

-

-

-

-

18
12

1 0

21

20

16

32

6

10

21

8

4

32

6

4

14

12

8

6

-

-

11

_

-

-

6

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

_

_

_

_

_

4

6

6

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

4

6

6

6

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

2

2

_

_

_

_

_

_

2

2

24
24

11

-

-

-

6

-

14

3

_

-

-

-

-

1

9

4

15

17

7

1

6

4

15

17

7

tables.




1

7

i

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Akron, Ohio, December 1977
S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS

-

Weekly
hours
(standard)

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE

ME N
90 .0

-------------------------------

55

9 0 .0

12B.00

C L E R K S -----------------------------------------

96

9 0.0

228.00

25

9 0 .0

239.00

ao

4 0 .0

221.00

----------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

OCCUPATIONS

Weekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

| weekly

S e x, 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

OFFICE

-

TYPISTS

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE

CONTINUED

CLASS
ORDER

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------

TYPISTS.

CLASS

A

-------------------------------------

CLERKS.

CLASS

A

-------------

PUBLIC

190

9 0 .0
9 0 .0

179.00

B

123
67

39.5

173.50

MANUFACTURING

99

9 0 .0

180.50

NONnANUFACTURING

------------------------------

PAYROLL

C LEr KS

PUBLIC
MANUFACTURING

----------------------------------------------------------

74

9 0 .0

295.00

66

9 0 .0

6d

9 0.0

61

9 0.0

B

-------------------------------------

315

------------------------------------------

153

.

CLASS

A

FILE

9 0 .0

151.00

162

3 9.0

135.50

MANUFACTURING

25

9 0 .0

215.00

NONnANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------------------------

251

39.5

151.50

62

9 0 .0

165.00

MANUFACTURING

189

39.5

197.00

NONnANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

U TILITIE S

------------------------------

61

KEYPUNCH

KEYPUNCH

200.00

9 0 .0

252.50

179
195

9 0.0
9 0 .0

270.00
275.00

29

39.5
9 0.0

239.50

273

9 0 .0
39.5

210.50

CLASS

B

NONm A n

u

l a s s

a

--------

FACTURING

--

c l a s s

MANUFACTURING

b

-------------

NONMANUFACTURING

------

39.5
9 0.0

-----------------------------------

do

3 9.0

93
77

39.5
39.5

135.00
139.00

---------------------------------------------------------

30

9 0.0

136.00

26

9 0 .0

131.00

, c la s
NONMANUFACTURING
c l e r k s

MANUFACTURING

s

c

-----------------------------------------

SWITCHBOARD

OPERATORS

-----------------------------

69

39.0

59

39.0

150.00

18a

9 0 .0

-----------------------------------------

88

9 0 .0

3 9 .0

209.50

MANUFACTURING

69

9 0 .0

296.00

NONMANUFACTURING

0

-------------

NONMANUFACTURINS

------

323

39.5

n

IT C H B oAKD

COMPUTER

4 0 .0

185.50

121

3 9.0

1 7 a . 00

601

39.5
9 0 .0

19 2 • 5 0

9 0 .0

152.00

25

9 0.0

175.50

---------------------------------------------------

130

39.5

------------------

MANUFACTURING

-----------

NONMANUFACTu R I

n

PUBLIC

G

163

3 9.0

CLERKS

86

39.5

189.50

99

39.5

190.50

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

9 0.0

208.50

G ENERAL

235

90. 0

------------------

199

90. 0

162.50

39.5

168.00

------ —

SENIOR

NONMANUFACTURINS

--------

160.00

-----------------------------

111

90.0

171.00

222

9 0.0

159.50

212

90.0

391.50

190

90. 0

395.00

---------------------

and

t e c h n i c a l

-

ME N

ANALYSTS
--------------------ANALYSTS

A ------

9 0.0

925.00

9 0.0

927.50

-----------

90.0

i3 6 5 . 5 0

--------------------------

9 0.0

366.00

CLASS

1 Oo
99i

--------------------------

s y s t e m s

(BUSINESS).

----------------------------------

COMPUTER

a n a l y s t s

CLASS

------

393

9 0 . 0 |32a•0 0

--------------------------------------------

279

9 0.0

PROGRAMMERS

MANUFACTURING

B

(bUSlNESS)

c l a s s

a

------------------------

30

39.0

168.00
o m p u t e r

p r o g r a m m e r s

o rd er

c l e r k s

.

CLASS

b

------------------------

100

90 .0

169.00

CLASS

--------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

72

9 0.0

181.00

MANUFACTURING

---------------------------------------

899

9 0 .0

192.00

-----------------------------------------

995

9 0 .0

203.00

CLASS

399

9 0 .0

178.50

MANUFACTURING

159

90 .0

j 332.50

3 9 .5 1276.50

-------------------------------------

,

220.00

C

86

ACCOUNTING

c l e r k s

MANUFACTURING

3a6

39.5

209.00

77

3 8.0

TYPISTS

39

9u• 0

172.50

PUBLIC

U T IL IT IE S

A

(

b u s i n e s s

),

-----------------------------------------

15b

90.0

121

90.0 I377.50

,362.00

196

9 0.0

!3 0 5 .5 0

125

90 .0

312.00

9 0 .0

213.50

CLASS

282

9 0.0

223.50

MANUFACTURING

172

9 0 .0

159.50

27o

9 0 .0

161.00

229

3 9.0

197.00

MANUFACTURING

192.00

NONMANUFACTURING

79

COMPUTER

PUBLIC

C

OPERATORS

990

170.00

MANUFACTURING

213

9 0 .0

175.50

NONMANUFACTURING

227

9 0 .0

169.50

69

9 0.0

217.00

B

----------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-----------------------------

8

9 0 .0 !2 9 5 .5 0

-------------------------------------------

-----------

CLASS

9 0 . 0 |23i.O 0

----------------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------------

CLERKS.

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




(B U SINE S S).

197.00

39.5

ACCOUNTING

(BUSINESS),

-----------------------------------------

PROGRAMMERS

959

505

O

U T ILIT IE S

A

PROGRAMMERS

--------------------------------------------------------

-----------

CLASS

----------------------------------

O

—

b

-----------------------------------------

CLERKS.

MANUFACTURING

O

-----------

NON. i A N U F A C T u R I N G

-----------------------------

COMPUTER

COMPUTER

45
C

----------------------------------

----------------------------------

189.50

NONMANUFACTURING

PUBLIC

9 0.0

c l e r k s

ACCOUNTING
Tr ANSC R IB IN G -M ACH In E

MANUFACTURING

333

der

Or

NONMANUFACTURING

TYPISTS

223.5o

B

CLASS

169.50

NONMANUF A C T U R I n S
STENOGRAPHERS.

,209.00

9 0 .0

NONnANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS.

9 0 .0

96

SYSTEMS

MANUFACTURING
ORDER

178.50

63

--

U TILIT IE S

2 36

----------------------

169.50

c o m p u t e r

1 8 a . 50

9 3a

100

-----------------------------

----------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

NONnANUFACTURING
STENOGRAPHERS

-----------------------------

---------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

183.00

202

SYSTEMS

(BUSINESS)

(BUSINESS).
S

PUBLIC
CLASS

209.50

153.50

198

MANUFACTURING

r o f e s s i o n a l

COMPUTER

152.50

NON M A N UF A C T UR I N G ------

SECRETARIES.

90 .0

160.00

OPERATOr -R E C E P T IO N IS T S

N O N M A N U F AC T O R I N G ---------------------------------215.50

-

330

OCCUPATIONS

213.50

9 0 .0

U T ILIT IE S

175.00

A

CLASS

OPERATORS.

MANUFACTURING

9 0 .0

PUBLIC

193.50

9 0 .0

197.50

-----------------------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
f i l e

565

c

189.50

9 0.0

31a

159.50

713

c l a s s

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

9 0.0

395

150.50

27

--------------------------

------------------------------------------

-------------

SECRETARIES,

663

----------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
113

MANUFACTURING

MESSENGERS
SECRETARIES,

-------------------------

OPERATORS.

MANUFACTURING

189.00

296.50

71

CLERKS.

95

P
, c
manufacturing

230.00

-----------------

299.00

399

U T ILIT IE S

F IL E

227.00

39.5

A ---------------

221.00

90 .0

130

--

9 0.0

373

-----------

CLASS

O

PUBLIC

1 . 6 39
1.26b

-----------------------

NONMANUFACTURINS

CLERKS.

O

F IL E

s e c r e t a r i e s

215.00

90.0

------------------------------

OPERATORS

KEYPUNCH

MANUFACTURING

]1 9 a .0 0

39.5

201.50

-----------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
OCCUPATIONS

SECRETARIES

U T IL IT IE S

------------------------------

MANUFACTURING
OFFICE

>209.50

9 0.0

66

250.00

c l e r k s

MANUFACTURING

90.0

106

----------------------

193.00

U T IL IT IE S

MANUFACTURING

NONnANUFACTURING
ACCOUNTING

3 9.5

CLERKS

250.50

-------------------------------

CLASS

151.00

172

------------------------------

PUBLIC

299.00

-

TYPISTS.

39.5

-----------------------------------

O

C LE k KS

O

ACCOUNTING

OPERATORS

--------------------------------------------------

-----------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

-

179.00

------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

OROEk

OCCUPATIONS

Weekly j Weekly
hours1
earnings1
(standard) |(standard)

WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

WOMEN— C O N T I N U E D

$
129.00

69

MESSENGERS

Average
(mean1)

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

-

------

j

297

90 .0

i 7 3j

90 .0

299.50

79i

9 0.0

292.00
225.53

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
in Akron, Ohio, December 1977— Continued
( me a n^ )
Sex, 3 occupation,

and indu stry d iv isio n

PROFESSIONAL
OCCUPATIONS
COMPUTER

and

-

-

We e kl y
hours1
(standard)

We e kl y
earnings*
(standard)

CONTINUED

ELECTRONICS
$
94

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

61

CLASS

A

40. J
c

-----------

OPERATORS.

o

COMPUTER

Sex, 3 occupation,

OCCUPATIONS

CONTINUED

Av e r age
( m e a n 2)

( mean 2 )
and

PROFESSIONAL

t e c h n i c a l

MEN—

OPERATORS

Number
of
workers

-

in dustry

ARC

We e kl y
hours
(standard)

We e kl y
earnings*
(standard)

Sex, 3 occupation,

OCCUPATIONS

---------------------------

126

4 0 .0

2 6 b . 50

--------------------------------------------

90

4 0 .0

273.50

45

4 0 .0

286.50

o p e r a t o r s

MANUFACTURING

?

c l a s s

b

-----------

--------------------------------------------

109
88

9 0 .0
9 0.0

281.50
239.50
249.50

-----------

44

90. 0

189.00

----------------------------------------------------------------

661

9 0.0

593

9 0 .0

266.50

r

ATORS.

MANUFACTURING

ELECTRONICS

T E CH N IC IANS .

ELECTRONICS

CLASS

A6-

50

4 0 .0

277.00

--------------------------------------------

50

4 0 .0

CONTINUED

( BUSINESS)

-

COMPUTER

MANUFACTURING

C

PROGRAMMERS

(B U SINESS).

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

--------------------------------------------

$
34

40.0

26

4 0 .0

248.00

57

39.5

207.50
214.00

241.00

2 7 7 . OU

TECH N IC IANS .

c l a s s

c

ELECTRONICS

TECH N IC IANS .

--------------------------------------------

PROFESSIONAL

AND

OCCUPATIONS
DRAFTERS.

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

-------------------------------------

308

9 0 .0

CLASS

CLASS

C-

31

4 0 .0

217.50

A

259

90. 0

305.00

ORAFTERS.

CLASS

MANUFACTURING

OPERATORS

MANUFACTURING

,

c l a s s

MANUFACTURING

footnotes

-

COMPUTER

---------------------------------------

--------------------------------------------

31

40 .0

26

39 .0

200.50

-----------

34

4 0 .0

215.00

--------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------

299

9 0.0

246.50

--------------------------------------------

2 33

4 0 .0

------

105

4 0 .0

280.50

--------------------------------------------

80

4 0 .0

c:
--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING

(BUSINESS)

4 0 .0

203.00

-------------------------------------

B

PROGRAMMERS

--------------------------------------------

at e n d o f t a b l e s .




25

4 0 .0

252.00

(BUSINESS).

-----------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

CLASS

B

:

MANUFACTURING
REGISTERED

9

51

4 0 .0

284.50

37

4 0 .0

291.50

31

40.0

214.50

--------------

60

4 0.0

281.50

--------------------------------------------

58

4 0.0

282.00

INDUSTRIAL

MANUFACTURING

CLASS
38

OPERATORS.

289.50

PROGRAMMERS

242.50

B

-------------------------------------

WOMEN
d r a f t e r s

COMPUTER

COMPUTER
d r a f t e r s

TECHNICAL

303.00

--------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

See

We e kl y
earnings*
(standard)

TECHNICAL

WOMEN—

NONMANUFACTURING
DRAFTERS

Weekl y
hours
(standard)

267.50

u

PE

AND

Number
of
workers

272.50

COMPUTER
COMPUTER

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CONTINUED

CLASS
c o m p u t e r

and in d u stry d iv isio n

PROFESSIONAL

TECHNICAL

MEN — C O N T I N U E D

t e c h n i c i a n s

MANUFACTURING

div isio n

Number
of
workers

NURSES

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977
N um ber of w o rk ers

Hourly earnings 4

Mi ddl e range 2

s

s

S

s

S

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

6 . 00

6.2 0

6 .4 0

6 .6 0

and
-

-

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

-

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

-

-----------------------------

138

$
7 .2 9

$
7 .6 2

$
6 .8 7 -

$
7 .6 2

2

130

7 .3 2

7 .6 2

6 .8 7 -

7 .6 2

2

“

4

-

“

------------------------

557

7 .6 6

7 .6 2

7 .0 6 -

7 .8 1

-

-

4

-

-

--------------------------------------------

516

7 .6 6

7 .6 2

7 .4 4-

7 .8 1

“

----------------------------------

87

7 .4 7

7 .5 4

6 .8 1 -

7 .7 5

1

1

_

-

--------------------------------------------

82

7 .5 4

7 .5 4

6 .8 1 -

7 .7 5

-

-

-

-

-

ELECTRICIANS

MANUFACTURING

PAINTERS

MANUFACTURING

-----------------------------

301

7 .4 8

7 .6 2

7 .1 1 -

7 .6 2

-

--------------------------------------------

301

7 .4 8

7 .6 2

7 .1 1 -

7 .6 2

-

864

7 .5 2

7 .6 2

7 .0 6 -

7 .7 0

-

--------------------------------------------

844

7 .5 4

7 .6 2

7 .0 6 -

7 .7 0

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S )
— --------------------------------------

454

8 .1 7

8 .6 7

7 .5 3 -

8 .7 1

126

7 .4 6

7 .0 6

6 .7 5 -

7 .81

4

MECHANICS

MANUFACTURING

MANUFACTURING

328

8 .4 4

8 .6 7

8 .6 5 -

8 .7 1

289

8 .6 0

8 .6 7

8 .6 5 -

8 .8 4

---------------------------

447

7 .6 2

7 .6 2

7 .5 8 -

7 .6 6

-

--------------------------------------------

447

7 .6 2

7 .6 2

7 .5 8 -

7 .66

------

121

7 .7 3

7 .6 2

7 .5 8 -

7 .6 2

-

--------------------------------------------

121

7 .7 3

7 .6 2

7 .5 8 -

7 .6 2

85

8 .6 0

9 .2 5

7 .8 1 -

9 .2 5

85

8 .6 0

9 .2 5

7 .8 1 -

9 .2 5

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

%

s

s

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 . 20

8 .4 0

-

-

-

7 .2 0

7 . 1*0

7 .6 0

7 .6 0

-

-

-

*

*

-

8 .6 0
-

i ---------

9 .2 0

9 .6 0
and

-

14

8

5

10

13

57

8

-

14

6

5

9

11

57

8

-

-

-

~

6

-

4

33

15'

40

2

71

176

69

11

-

5

-

81

-

5

“

81

-

-

-

t>

10

5

10

6 .6 0

6

16

8 . 00

_

4
-

17

4

32

13

27

2

70

176

6 .2 0

8 . 40

6 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0

over

_

2

-

8

_

-

21

-

-

24

14

1

-

-

-

2

-

b

-

19

-

24

14

-

3

-

-

15

162

22

-

-

7

"

15

162

22

-

_

5

40

17

30

11

23

57

38

7

113

320

82

-

5

34

17

30

11

23

57

33

6

109

320

78

“

2

4

6

6

4

19

30

6

20

6

4

4

6

i

11

30

4

7
-

40

2
-

7

17

12
-

-

2

-

3

8

“

_

-

~

“

~

2

-

16

-

18

_
-

-

169

80
80

48

-

50

215

58

-

-

-

-

38

-

-

-

38

-

-

-

-

-

17

-

-

-

60

-

■

“

60

“

-

-

22

14

22

14

-•

2

-

-

-

-

-

2

10

-

_

4

2

12

-

11

19

12

-

-

-

-

4

2

12

-

11

19

12

-

-

-

-

7 .5 1

7 .7 0

6 .6 9 -

7 .7 0

5

7 .7 0

6 .6 9 -

7 .7 0

5

127

7 .7 7

7 .7 3

7 .5 8 -

7 .7 3

-

-

--------------------------------------------

127

7 .7 7

7 .7 3

7 .5 8 -

7 .7 3

-------------------------------------------------

51

6 .8 0

6 .4 3

5 .9 1 -

7 .5 2

47

6 .8 8

6 .4 3

6 .1 4 -

58

64

8

2

-

10

3

1 1

64

1

-

-

-

1

-

i i

-

1

_

i i

“

9

7

9

7

1

-

6

-

-

17

-

*
-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

10

6

4

_

-

14

1

-

-

-

62

-

-

-

-

10

6

4

-

-

14

1

-

-

-

62

"

"

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

14

-

16

67

i i

-

-

-

-

8

4

14

-

18

67

i i

"

-

-

-

8

4

-

_

15

_

_

_

_

-

_

4

_

7 .5 5

-

215

11

-

10

-

-

50

3

-

10

-

----------------------------------

-

_
-

169

-

7 .5 1

27

9

-

148

27

3

9

-

6

83

6

-

6

169
-

12

_

6 .4 9

9
-

-

-

6 .4 9

“

3

-

-

105

-

10

-

-

33

48

6

105

20

-

10

"

-

~

-

3

-

-

-

18
2

26

7

-

-

26

2

-

6

-

“

“

-

-

16

-

-

6
-

4

5 .7 7 -




7

9

-

5 .7 7 -

of

9

-

b .2 1

end

3
3

-

6 . 21

at

5
5

-

148

footnotes

4 1
4 1

-

6 . 29

--------------------------------------------

4
4

“

-

-

-

MANUFACTURING

4

4

6 .2 9

-

4

-

82

6

56

-

4

--------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING

17

-

-

82

(TOOLROOM)

6

-

-------------------

HELPERS

6

2

27

16

-

4
-

-

--------------------------------------------

ENGINEERS

TENDERS

w o r k e r s

--------------------------------------------

OPERATORS

MANUFACTURING

See

m e t a l

TRADES

MANUFACTURING
MACHINE-TOOL

$

7 .6 0

27

-

---------------------------------------------------------

s h e e t

MILLWRIGHTS

6 .4 0

%

7 .4 0

2

”

-

-

“

m a n u f a c t u r i n g

BOILER

_

--------------------------------

-------------------------------------

p i p e f i t t e r s

m a i n t e n a n c e

6 . 20

-

*

7 .2 0

2

3

“

-

U T ILIT IE S

MAINTENANCE

STATIONARY

(M ACHINERY)

--------------------------------------------

NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC

3 .00

-

-

s
7 .0 0

-

4

-

MACHIN IS TS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

-

-

1

“

MAINTENANCE

-

-

--------------------------------------------

CARPENTERS

MAINTENANCE

-

$
6 .8 0

o
o

Me di an2

s

O
o
O

M ean2

*

WORKERS

MANUFACTURING
MAINTENANCE

of—

$

4 .80

MAINTENANCE

ea rn in g s

s

under

ALL

s tra ig h t-tim e h o u rly

s

4 .6 0

Number
Occupation and industry d ivisio n
workers

rec e iv in g

s

-

-

5

“
-

-

16
12

tables.

10

-

8

4

4

8

4

4

-

15

_

4

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977
Hourly earnings 4

N um ber

of w ork ers

&
O c c u p a tio n a n d

2 .3 0

in d u s t r y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

M edi an 2

Mi ddl e range 2

s
2 .4 0

re c e iv in g

2 .6 0

stra ig h t-tim e

h o u rly

e a rn in g s

of—

s

~J---------~5
2 .8 0

s

s

$

s

s

s

3 .0 0

3 . 20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .8 0

s

*

$

*

s

$

*

*

$

%

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

~ i-------9 .2 0
anH

and
under
2 .40

ALL

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

7 7

50

156

209

75

42

45

143

18

~

8

111

66

1 32

240

_

1

3

2
-

2
-

2
-

10

-

16

44

36

30

14

-

36
-

30
-

14

2

16
-

44

2

10
-

-

2

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

2

-

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

~

~

-

-

~
-

4 .0 0

6 .4 0

3 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .8 0

6 .0 0

3 . 40

2 .6 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5

20

5 ,6 0

8 . 00

over

8 .4 0

6 .8 0

9 .2 0

240

333

53

-

6

53
-

-

327

240

327

“

“

-

WORKERS

TR UCKORIVERS -----------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------

1 • 4 2 **

$
7 .4 8

$
7 .7 0

$
7 .1 0 -

532

6 .5 5

6 .7 8

5 .5 7 -

7 .2 9

092

8 . 04

8 . 30

7 .6 4 -

8 .6 0

573

8 .4 6

8 .6 0

8 .3 0 -

8 .6 0

TRUCKORIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK MAN UFACTURING --------------

47

5 .4 7

5 .5 0

4 .8 0 -

6 .6 2

37

5 .6 2

5 .5 0

5 .0 0 -

6 .6 2

301

6 .9 0

7 .3 9

6 .0 0 -

7 .6 4

-

-

183

6 .5 3

6 .0 0

5 .4 0 -

8 .8 4

-

-

118

7 .4 8

7 .6 4

7 .3 9 -

7 .6 4

TRUCKDRIVERSt MEDIUM TRUCK
MAN UFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

$
8 .6 0
-

-

-

_

_

2

"

-

-

-

907

7 .9 4

8 .3 0

7 .2 9 -

8 .6 0

677

8 .2 4

8 .3 0

8 .3 0 -

8 .4 6

8 .6 0

8 .3 0 -

SHIPPING CLERKS --------------MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

_

-

-

4

19

19

21

6

57

8

10

-

4

19

19

21

6

55

2

2

30
-

74

-

2

6

6

30

72

"

"

~

~

"
_

_

_

_

2

4

58

240

298

-

-

-

-

28
-

162

-

12
-

95

-

67

20

58

240

292

1

“

3

240

36

16

15

-

1

6
-

-

-

5

4
-

-

-

4

4

6

“
-

_

_

~
"

—

“

-

"

b
-

73

6 .9 7

6 .8 5

6 .6 5 -

7 .2 1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

5 .9 2

5 .7 4

5 .1 5 -

6 .6 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

3

8

5

12

2

9

26

6 .1 1

5 .7 9

5 .6 3-

6 .4 5

-

-

4

2

i i

2

31

5 .7 5

5 .5 0

4 .5 0 -

7 .1 9

-

-

3

4

3

i

-

“

5 .9 7

6 .2 4

5 .9 5 -

6 .6 0

-

5 .6 9

6 .2 4

5 .9 5 -

6 .6 0

-

40

6 . 19

6 .8 3

6 .0 0 -

6 « 94

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS
MAN UF ACTURING -------------

128
108

5 .4 2
5 .4 7

5 .3 0

6 .0 9

5* 6d

4 .6 3 4 .6 1 -

WAREHOUS EM EN ------------------MA NU FACTURING -------------NONMANUFACT URI NG ----------

310

5 .7 8

5 .6 8

4 .9 5-

7 .3 9

-

96
214

6 .0 2

5 .8 5

5 .4 2 -

7 .4 8

~

5 .6 7

4 .9 5

4 .6 3 -

7 .3 9

~

~

2

424

5 .7 3

6 .0 7

4 .6 3-

6 .6 6

-

-

~

~

57

5 .4 5

4 .9 8

4 .8 3 -

5 .5 7

367

5 .7 7

6 .6 6

4 .6 3 -

5 .4 5

5 . 34

4 .6 3 -

5 .8 2

150

5 .5 9

5 .4 2

4 .8 2 -

5 .8 5

36

4 .9 3

4 .6 3

4 .6 3 -

1 .35 6

7 . 10

7 .1 7

6 .3 3 -

8 .5 5

FORKLIFT O PE RAT ORS ----------MAN UF ACTURING -------------N0NMANUFACT URI N6 ----------

_
-

-

-

2
-

-

-

5
-

9

-

11

1

6

8

40

34

25

-

9

-

11

1

4

b

37

30

1

-

"

“

4

24

~

~

4

-

4

4

-

-

9

34

1

10

11

3t>

-

-

4

4

-

24
-

9
-

86

_

-

_

_

-

31

-

-

-

-

-

24

9

55

146

63

-

-

-

-

-

1

2

5

42

63

20

31

6

1

-

4

-

1

15

31

i

2

i

42

62

5

-

i

2

3
-

-

169

22

14

-

9

20

14

2
-

1
-

-

7

7

-

-

-

2

-

3

-

160

2

“

2

1

141

56

-

-

*

34

24

37

23

_

_

9

d

26

_

24

35

23

-

-

2

-

-

-

6 .3 6

5 .9 5 -

7 .3 4

-

3
~
3

_

8 .5 5

6 .9 9 -

8 .5 5

-

4

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

427

8 .5 4

8 .5 5

8 .5 5 -

8 .5 5

“

6 .6 0

6 .9 5

5 .7 3 -

7 .4 8

_

-

1 .03 6

6 .4 6

6 .9 1

5 .5 1 -

7 .4 8

158

7 .5 0

7 .3 5

6 .6 6 -.

18

3

1

->

18

3

-

12

1

i

1

1

22

-

2

2
~

-

-

7

95

25

23

-*

-

-

5

93

25

19

-

2

2

-

-

-

2

2

“

“

“

“

“

“

-

-

3

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

78

80

40

80

89

51

144

67

431

o7

1

-

-

-

78

80

40

80

69

51

78

54

431

47

1

66

13

“

1 .194

1

8 .5 5

-

-

-

See fo o tn o te s a t end o f ta b le s .

11

“

4

-

-

_

i
-

4b
4b

-

-

1

-

-

_

2
~

~

7 .9 4

”

3

2

6 .3 8

-

35

-

7 35

-

13

-

621

-

12

-

4

2
“

1

1
6

-

-

-

2
-

2

46

7

-

-

9

3

-

-

-

5

-

_

-

2

-

_
-

5

2

2

“

-

"

2

“

-

“
-

_
-

-

“
-

-

6

53

2

“

-

5 .1 3

MATERIAL HANDLING LABO RER S —
MAN UFACTURING -------------NON MA NUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------

-

"

6*66

18b

-

“

-

-*

-

-

“

53

2

"

57

141




-

-

-

292

"

~

~

"

_

8 .6 0

6 .0 9

-

-

~

-

_

-

~

-

-

-

2
-

-

_

-

-

"

-

-

12

'

101

SHIPPING PACKERS -------------MAN UFACTURING -------------NON MA NUFACTURING ----------

14

3

-

"

"

3

-

"

RECEIVING CLERKS ------------MANUFACTURING -------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------

ORDER FILLERS ----------------MA NU FACTURING -------------NON MA NUFACTURING ----------

-

~

'

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -----

5
5

-

8 .6 0

536

15
15

2

"

TRUCKORIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER* -----------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------

-

150

1

d

26

-

-

-

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

229

224

-

21

424

-

-

224
~

-

21

-

-

179

73

179

52

69

-

21

160

20

-

424
424

~

64

-

2

5

-

2

59

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1977— Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

2 .4 0
M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

2 .6 0

Mean 2

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 0

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

over

_

_

-

-

-

*

26
-

1

26

1

and
under

and

ALL WO RKE RS—
CONTINUED
POtaER-T RUCK OPERATORS (OTHER
THAN FORKLIFT) -------------MANUFACTURING -------------

guards:
manufacturing

footn otes

at

$
6 .7 6 -

$
6 .8 3

6 .7 8

6 .5 7 -

6 .8 7

4 .1 9

2 .6 0

2 .4 5 -

6 .4 7

76

6 .4 5

6 .5 8

6 .3 7 -

6 .6 2

-

251
-

57
-

2 .6 3

2 .5 0

2 .4 0 -

2 .5 5

76

251

57

278

JANITORS. PORTERS. AND CLE AN ERS --MANUFACTURING --------------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

See

$
6 .7 8

6 .5 2

434

-

$
6 .5 7

93
7 33
299

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN
MANUFACTURING NONnANUFACTURINS

117

end

of




6 .5 6

6 .5 b

6 .3 7 -

4 .6 0

4 .6 0

3 .0 0 -

6 .2 0

1 .2 6 8

5 .9 7

6 . 20

5 .6 9 -

6 .4 9

-

1
1

3
3

2

8

6

_

6

1 1

-

10

6

1

1 .1 3 5

3 .0 6

3 .0 0

2 .5 0 -

3 .2 5

46

5 .3 0

4 .7 1

4 .7 1 -

_

_

_

75

32

-

2

-

-

51

32

-

6

43

47

156

1

1

35

6
6

3

40

47

156

1

1

“

3

3

“

“

~

-

196

in
i
110

le 9
1
168

76
76

5 .4 3

2 88

ta b les.

12

“

-

-

~

'

40

47

151

1

1

35

103

92

71

3

37

107

47

85

56

521

357

4

75

-

10

1

45

-

35

75

44

73

55

518

3 32

3

75

26

3

2

32

3

12

1

3

25

1

3

26

288
-

-

35

3
19a
-

-

“

6

1

12

i

3

1

1

3

6 .6 2

2 .4 0 3

8

93

9 1

-

-

-

3

-

-

“

“

”

~




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Akron, Ohio, December 1977
Number
of
workers

Sex, 3 occupation, and industry division

M AIN TE N A N C E #
POWERPLANT
M AIN TE N A N C E

TOOLROOM.

O C CU PATIO NS

A v e ra ge
(m e a n 2 )
hourly
earnings4

Sex,

M A TE R IA L

AN D
-

occupation, and industry division

MOVEMENT

O C C U PATIO N S

M EN

-

-----------------------------

138

--------------------------------------------

130

------------------------

543

7 .6 5

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

--------------------------------------------

516

7 .6 6

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

E L E C T R IC IA N S

M A N U FA C TU R IN G
M AIN TE N A N C E

PA IN TE R S

----------------------------------

86

7 .4 7

81

299

$
6 .8 9

181

6 .5 0

118

7 .4 8

301

----------------------------------------

907

7 .9 4

-----------------------

677

8 .2 4

536

7 .4 6

301

8 .4 6

-

664

7 .5 2

844

73

6 .9 7

---------------------------------

56

5 .9 0

------------------------------

25

6 .0 9

HEAVY

(T R A IL E R )

n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

P U B LIC

U T IL IT IE S

T R U C K D R IVER S .
M AINTENA NC E

M E C H A N IC S

M AN U FA CTU R ING

(M A C H IN E R Y )

(O T H E R
S H IP P IN G

M AIN TE N A N C E
(M OTOR

M E CH AN ICS
454

HEAVY

--------------------------------------------

32b

8 .4 4

289

CLERKS

-----------------------

31

5 .7 5

CLERKS

------------------------------

140

5 .9 7

--------------------------------

------------------------------

100

5 .8 8

R E C E IV IN G

NONM AN U FACTU R ING
M A N U FA C TU R IN G

--------------------------

--------------------------------------------

447

7 .6 2

S H IP P IN G

AN D

WORKERS

-------

--------------------------------------------

121
121

---------------------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURI NG

-----------------------------------

7 .7 3

M A C H IN E -TO O L

S T A T IO N A R Y

------------------------------

107

5 .4 7

304

5 .7 8

85

------------------------------

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

8 .6 0

85

TENDERS

F IL L E R S

------------------------------------------------------------------

57

5 .4 5

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N 6 -----------------------

323

5 . 60

-

146

7 .5 4

--------------------------------------------

14b

7 .5 4

----------------------------------

127

7 .7 7

--------------------------------------------

127

7 .7 7

(T O O L R O O M )

PACKERS

------------------------------

78

5 .9 0

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

------------------------------

48

6 .5 1

S H IP P IN G

M A TE R IA L

H A N D LIN G

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

LABORERS

--------------------------------------------

51

P U B L IC

6 .8 0

47

MOVEMENT

AN D

O C CU PATIO NS

-

U T IL IT IE S

TR U C K D R IV E R S *
M AN U FA CTU R ING

P O W E R - T k UCK

MEN

-------------------------

1 .4 2 0

6 .3 6
7 .9 5

427

8 .5 4

-------------------------

1 .18 8

6 .6 0

1 .0 3 0

6 .4 6

158

7 .5 0

lib

6 .5 7

-----------------------

OPERATORS

F O R K LIF T )

528

6 .5 5

892

8.

573

TRUCK

45

5 .5 2

35

GUARDS

8 .4 6

5 .7 0

-------------------------

(O T H E R

------------------------------

92

6 .5 2

--------------------

695

4 .2 3

---------------------------

---------------------------

7 .4 9

------------

-----------------

LIG H T

7 .1 1

7 00
617

CU STO D IAL

-----------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S

------------------

1 .3 1 7

------------------------------

OPERATORS

M AN UFACTURING

P U B LIC

-----------------------

6.88

THAN

N O N h A N U FA C T U R IN G

—

------------------------------

NO NM AN U FACTU R ING

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

5 .5 8

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

M AN UFACTURING

T R U C K D R IV ER S

5 .6 7

380

6 .2 9

F O R K LIF T

M A TE R IA L

6 .0 5

6 .2 9

-------------------------------------------------

M AN U FA CTU R ING

90
214

79

NONM AN U FACTU R ING
B O IL E R

-----------------------

8 .6 0

79

ENG IN EE R S

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

19

5 .4 2

-------------------

HELPERS

OPERATORS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

6.

--------------------------------------------

TRADES

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

127

----------------------------------------

WAREHOUSEMEN

ORDER
M AINTENA NC E

CLERKS

40

7 .7 3
M AN UFACTURING

M IL L W R IG H T S

-----------------------

R E C E IV IN G

M AN UFACTU RING
SH E E T-M ETAL

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

------------

7 .6 2

-------------------------------------

P IP E F IT T E R S

M AIN TEN A N C E

TRUCK

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

8 .6 0

447

------------------

7 .4 6

U T IL IT IE S

M AINTENA NC E

TRUCK

T R A IL E R )

NONM AN U FACTU R ING

8 .1 7

126

NONM AN U FACTU R ING
P U B LIC

THAN

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

------------------------------------------

V E H IC L E S )

M AN U FA CTU R ING

----------------------

7 .5 4

--------------------------------------------

M A C H IN IS T S

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

TRUCK

------------------------------

7 .4 8

--------------------------------------------

M E D IU M

TR U C K D R IV ER S *

7 .5 4

-----------------------------

--------------------------------------------

M A N U FA C TU R IN G
M AIN TE N A N C E

c u s t o d ia l

T R U C K D R IV E R S — C O NTINU ED
TR U C K D R IV E R S *

M AINTENA NC E

A v e rage
(m e a n * )
hourly
earnings 4

C O NTINU ED

7 .3 2

CARPENTERS

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

and

MEN—

$
7 .2 9

Number
of
workers

04

AND

W A TC HM E N

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

290

6 .4 6

--------------------

405

2 .6 4

---------------------------

269

6 .5 6

1 .0 8 4

5 .9 6

NONM AN U FACTU R ING
g u a r d s

:

M AN UFACTURING
J A N IT O R S *

PORTERS*

M AN UFACTURING

See fo otn otes at end o f ta b les.

13

AND

CLEANERS:

-------------------------------------

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings, adjusted
for employment shifts, for selected occupational groups
in Akron, Ohio, for selected periods
December 1972 December 1973
Industry and occupational group5

to

to

December 1973 December 1974
All industries:
Office clerical________ _________ ___________ ___ ___
Electronic data processing_______________________
Industrial nurses - _
—
. —
Skilled maintenance trad es__
_____
Unskilled plant workers
__
____
Manufacturing:
Office clerical
— _____ __
Electronic data processing_______________________
Industrial nurses_____________ . —
_ ______
Skilled maintenance trad es____________________ __
Unskilled plant w orkers__________________________
Nonmanufacturing:
Office clerical—
___
Electronic data processing__ _____________________
Industrial n urses__
______
— ----------Unskilled plant w orkers_

6.4

December 1974 December 1975 December 1976
to

to

to

December 1975 December 1976 December 1977

9.1
7.7
7.6
7.5
8.4

6.3
5.9
7.7
5.2
6.0

10.8
10.4
11.4
13.7
11.4

8.3
7.6
9.7
8.4
8.2

5.4
5.8
7.1

6.9
6.8
7.3
7.5
8.8

6.2
5.6
7.5
5.0
6.1

11.8
10.6
11.7
14.2
13.2

9.1
8.7
9.9
8.3
8.0

8.0

13.5

6.5

9.0

7.0

8.2

7.8

6.0

8.8

8.5

(6 )

5.3
6.5
7.7
5.6

(6 )

(‘ )
(6 )

o
(6 >

(‘ )
(6 )

(‘ )
(‘ )

O
(‘ )

Footnotes1
2
1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time
salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond
to these weekly hours.
The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by
the number of workers. The median designates position— half of the workers receive the same or
more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two
rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and a
fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate.

2




3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was p r o v i d e d by the
establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.
5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and
unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.

14

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
Data on a r e a w a g e s and r e l a t e d b e n e fits a r e obtained b y p e r s o n a l
v i s i t s o f B ureau f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
In e ach o f the
i n t e r v e n i n g y e a r s , i n f o r m a ti o n on e m p l o y m e n t and oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s is
c o l l e c t e d b y a c om b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s tio n n a ir e , and t e l e ­
phone i n t e r v i e w f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n ts p a r t i c i p a t i n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .
In e ach o f the 74 1 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e obtained f r o m
r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts with in s ix b ro a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s : M a n u fa c ­
tu ring ; tr a n s p o r ta t io n , c om m u n ic atio n , and oth e r public u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e
tr a d e ; r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin an ce, in s u ran ce , and r e a l e s ta te ; and s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
i n d u s tr y gro u p s exc lu d e d f r o m th ese studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and
the c o n s t r u c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s . E s ta b l i s h m e n ts ha vin g f e w e r than
a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m itte d b e ca u s e o f i n s u ffic ie n t e m p l o y ­
m en t in the occup ations studied. S e p a r a te tabulation s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r eac h
o f the b r o a d in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic atio n c r i t e r i a .
T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p le b a s i s .
T h e s am pli n g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts with in the
s c op e o f an in d iv id u al a r e a s u r v e y b y in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is s e le c te d , w ith eac h
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha vin g a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain op tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m cost, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d .
When data a r e c om b in e d , each e s ta b l i s h m e n t is
w e i g h t e d a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e le c tio n , so that unbiased e s t i m a t e s
a r e g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p le , i f one out o f f o u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c te d ,
it is g iv e n a w e i g h t o f 4 to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r e e o t h e rs . A n a lte r n a t e
o f the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is cho sen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i ­
f i c a t i o n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
suitable substitute is a v a i l a b l e , a d d ition al w e ig h t is as s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
O c c u p atio n s and e a r n in g s
O c c u p atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
turing and nonm anufa cturing in d u s tr ie s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m ainte n anc e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and cu s tod ial.
O c c u p ation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b as e d on a u n i f o r m s et o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to take
account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties with in the s am e job.
Oc cup ations s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in appendix B. *
* Included in the 74 areas are 4 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are Akron,
Ohio; Birmingham, A la .; Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News—Hampton, Va. —N. C. ; and
Syracuse, N.Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the
request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.




U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic ate d , the e a r n in g s data f o llo w in g the job
t i t l e s a r e f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the
occup ations l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d iv is io n s within the
s c op e o f the s u r v e y , a r e no t p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s tables b e ca use
e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the occup ation is too s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data
to m e r i t p re s e n ta tio n , o r (2) t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f ind ivid ual
e s ta b l i s h m e n t data.
S e p a r a te m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not
p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s not i d e n tif ie d b y s e x is 20 p e r c e n t
o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n i d e n tif ie d in an occupation.
E a r n in g s data
no t shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s a r e included in data f o r a ll
in d u s tr ie s c o m b in e d .
L i k e w i s e , f o r occupations w ith m o r e than one l e v e l ,
data a r e inclu ded in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n wh en a s u b c l a s s i f i c a ti o n is
not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y is no t a v a i l a b l e .

O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i. e . , those h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule.
E a r n in g s
data e xc lu d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k en d s, h o lid a y s ,
and la te s h if ts .
N on p rod u c tio n "b onuses a r e excluded, but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g
a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t iv e bonuses a r e included.
W e e k l y hours f o r o f f i c e
c l e r i c a l and p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l occupations r e f e r to the stan da rd
w o r k w e e k (roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a l f h o u r) f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r
and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s f o r th es e occupations a r e
rounded to the n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r . V e r t i c a l l in e s with in the d i s trib u t io n o f
w o r k e r s on s o m e A - t a b l e s ind icate a change in the s i z e o f the c la s s i n t e r v a l s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s in an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f ind ivid ual oc c u p atio n al a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c te d w a g e chan ges. T h e a v e r a g e s f o r ind ivid ual jobs
a r e a f f e c t e d b y changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s .
F o r e x a m p le ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y h i g h - o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y change, o r
h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y ad vance to b e t t e r jobs and be r e p l a c e d b y new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s . Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an o c c u ­
p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s ta b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s
during the y e a r . Chan ges in e a r n in g s o f oc c u p atio n al g ro up s, shown in table
A - 7 , a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tre nd s than a r e e arn in g s changes f o r
in d iv id u al job s w ith in the g ro u p s.

A v e r a g e e a r n i n g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . In d u s tr ie s
and e s ta b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r in p a y l e v e l and job s taffing , and thus contribute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r e ach job . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l a m on g job s in ind ivid ual e s ta b lis h m e n ts .

A v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up atio ns should
no t be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y o f the s e x e s with in ind ivid ual
e s ta b l i s h m e n ts .
F a c t o r s w h ic h m a y con tr ib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s include p r o ­
g r e s s i o n within e s ta b l i s h e d r ate r a n g e s (o n l y the ra te s paid incum bents a r e
c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties with in the g e n e r a l s u r v e y job
d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s in th es e s u r v e y s
u s u a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th ose used in ind iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts
and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am on g e s ta b lis h m e n ts in s p e c i f i c duties
pe r f o r m e d .

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g

S k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e

C o m p u te r s y s t e m s
a n a lys ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C
Com puter o p erators,
c l a s s e s A , B, and C

C arpenters
E lectrician s
P ain ters
M a c h in is t s
M ech anics (m achinery)
M ech anics (m o to r veh icle)
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to ta l in a l l e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n t s w ith in the s c op e o f the study and not the n u m b e r a c t u a l l y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e s am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s of
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t obta ined f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic ate the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the jobs studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p a tio n a l s tr u c tu r e do not a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

In d u s tr i a l n u r s e s

U n s k i l l e d plant

R e g i s t e r e d i n d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s

J a n ito r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l handli ng l a b o r e r s

W a g e tr e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d oc c u p atio n al group s
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s o f m e n and w o m e n in e s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g the
tr e n d jo bs in both the c u r r e n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m atc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e adjuste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t s on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y ­
m en t shifts am on g e s ta b l i s h m e n ts and t u r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts included
in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by
f a c t o r s o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s . H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a f f e c t
an e s ta b l i s h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c up atio n when w o r k e r s a r e paid un der plans
p r o v i d i n g a range o f w a g e r a te s f o r in d iv id u al j o b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s m a y e n t e r at the b ottom o f the range,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e withou t a chan ge in w a g e r a t e s .
T h e p e r c e n t c han ges r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the ind icated
d ate s . Wh en the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m onths, annual
ra te s a r e shown.
(I t is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant rate
b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )

P e r c e n t changes f o r i
as f o l l o w s :

areas

in the p r o g r a m a r e com pute d

1. A v e r a g e e a r n in g s a r e c om p u te d f o r eac h occupation f o r
the 2 y e a r s b ein g c o m p a r e d . T h e a v e r a g e s a r e d e r i v e d
f r o m e a r n in g s in th os e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h ic h a r e in
the s u r v e y both y e a r s ; it i s a s s u m e d that e m p l o y m e n t
r e m a i n s unchanged.
2.

E a c h oc c u p atio n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b as e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p l o y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p in the
b as e y e a r .

3.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to c om p ute g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a tio n 's a v e r a g e e a r n in g s (c om p u te d in step 1)
is m u l t i p l i e d b y its w e ig h t. T h e p ro d u c ts a r e to tale d to
obtain a g ro u p a v e r a g e .

4.

T h e r a ti o o f g ro u p a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p uted b y d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r r e n t y e a r b y
the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u l t — e x p r e s s e d
as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

O ccupation s used to com pute w a g e t r e n d s a r e :

O ffic e c le r ic a l

O f f i c e c l e r i c a l — Continued

S ecretaries
Stenographers, g en e ra l
Stenographers, senior
Typists, classes
A and B
F ile clerk s, classes A,
B, and C
M essengers
S w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s

O r d e r c le rk s , classes
A and B
A c c o u n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
Bookkeeping-m achine
op e r a to r s , class B
P a y r o ll clerks
K eyp un ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B




F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m eth o d used to com pute th ese
w a g e tr e n d s , se e " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on thly L a b o r
R e v i e w , J an uary 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le m e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e no t p r e s e n t e d in this bull etin. I n f o r ­
m a ti o n f o r th es e ta bula tion s is c o l l e c t e d at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s .
T h e s e ta b u­
latio n s on m i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; shift
d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c hed uled w e e k l y h o u r s and days; p aid h o l i d a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n plans a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b l e s )
in p r e v i o u s b u lle tin s f o r this a r e a .

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied
in Akron, Ohio,1 December 1977
Minimum
employment
in establishments in scope
of study

Industry division 2

ALL

D IV IS IO N S

NONMAn U F A C T U R IN G

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

TR A N S P O R T A T IO N .

C O M M U N IC A T IO N ,

P U b L IC

WHOLESALE

U T IL IT IE S 5

TRADE 6

Within scope
of study J

Studied
Number

Percent

313

141

124,055

100

81, 16 5

232
2b 1

59
b2

74,830
49,225

60
40

55,706
25,459

30
30
30
30
30

34
39
127

15
12
26
10
19

11,113
3.145
24,015
5.087
5,865

9
3
19

8.210
1,202
10,205
3,543
2,299

25

56

1 The Akron Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office
of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Portage and Summit
Counties. The "workers within scope of study" estimates shown in this table provide
a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force
included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with
other employment indexes to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of
the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope
of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used
in classifying establishments by industry division. However, all government opera­
tions are excluded from the scope of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum
limitation. All outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade,
finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1
establishment.




Studied

AND

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------R E T A IL
T R A D E 6 ----------------------------------------------------F IN A N C E .
INSU rtAm C E.
A N D R E A L E S T A T E 6 ----------S E R V I C E S 6 7 -----------------------------------------------------------GTHEk

Workers in establishments
Within scope of study 4

so
-

---------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Number of establishments

5

4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the
area) at or above the minimum limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and
services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Akron's local transit system
is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study.
6 This division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "non­
manufacturing" in the A -se rie s tables. Separate presentation of data is not made
for one or more of the following reasons: (1) Employment is too small to provide
enough data to merit separate study, (2) the sample was not designed initially to
permit separate presentation, (3) response was insufficient or inadequate to permit
separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual
establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services;
automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and
architectural services.

17

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u ­
r e a u ' s \yage s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o ­
p r i a t e oc c up atio ns w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d under a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b lis h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h ­
ment and f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f oc c u p atio n al
w a g e r a te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e job content.
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a ­
sis on i n ter e s ta b lis h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a tio n a l
conte nt, the B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th ose
in us e in ind iv id u al e s t a b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r oth e r p u r p o s e s .
In ap p ly in g th e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e
i n s tr u c te d to e x c lu d e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n ­
n e r s ; and p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .
Handic apped
w o r k e r s w h o s e e a r n in g s a r e re d u c e d b e c a u s e o f t h e i r handicap a r e als o
exclud ed .
T r a i n e e s a r e exc lu d e d f r o m the s u r v e y excep t f o r th o s e r e ­
c e i v i n g o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g in s o m e o f th e l o w e r l e v e l p r o f e s s i o n a l and
t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s .

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u al.
M a in ­
ta in s a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f the
supervisor.
W o r k s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v i s i o n and g uid ance.
P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l d uties,
u s u a lly in cludin g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :

E x c lu s io n s

answers
persons;

a. R e c e i v e s t e le p h o n e c all s," p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m i n g m a i l ,
routin e i n q u i r i e s , and r ou te s t e c h n i c a l i n q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r

N ot a l l p o s i ti o n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the ab ov e c h a r ­
acteristics.
E x a m p l e s o f p o s itio n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin itio n a r e
as f o l l o w s :
a. P o s i t i o n s
d e s c r i b e d ab ov e ;
b.

b.
c.
in s tru c te d ;
d.

E stablish es,

m a i n ta i n s ,

and r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

do not

m eet

th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y

con cept

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not f u l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e a s s i s ta n t s to a gro up o f p r o f e s ­
techn ical, o r m a n a g e ria l person s;

M a in t a in s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a l e n d a r and m a k es a p p oin tm en ts as

s io n a l,

R elays m essages fro m

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ich th e d uties a r e e ith e r sub stantially
m o r e routin e o r s u b s ta n t ia lly m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th o s e c h a r ­
a c t e r i z e d in the d e fin ition ;

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b ord inates;

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and ty p o g r a p h i c
accuracy;
f.

w h ic h

P erform s

s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m ot h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tasks o f c o m p a r a b l e
na tu re and d i f fi c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routine
and u n de rs tan d in g o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .




e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ich i n v o l v e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e te c h n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l
duties w h ic h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in the l e v e l d e fin itio n s
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to t h o s e o f f i c i a l s who ha ve a s ig n if ic a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r c om p a n y a c t i v i t i e s .
The t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in d i c a ti v e o f th is r o l e , does not in a l l c a s e s

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

STENOGRAPHER

E x c l u s i o n s — Continued
i d e n tify such p o s itio n s .
V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on in divid ual c a s e s o r tr a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
in dividual lo an o r c r e d i t ac tio n s ; a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id ual tr u s t accou nts ; d i r e c t l y
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l staff) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f ap p ly in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C lass A
1.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c om p an y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,000 but f e w e r
than 2 5 ,0 00 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r se gm e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a ll,
o v e r .2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la s s B

P r i m a r y duty is to take d ic tatio n using shorthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ictatio n.
M a y a ls o ty p e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
M ay operate fro m a steno­
g ra p h ic p oo l.
M ay o ccasion ally tra n s c rib e f r o m v o ic e recordings (if p rim a ry
duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s ee T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e T y p i s t ) .
N O T E : T h is job is d is tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e l a ti o n s h i p w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y job d e fin ition .
S te n o g r a p h e r ,

k e ep

General

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routin e v o c a b u l a r y .
M a y m ainta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l tas k s .
Stenographer,

S e n io r

D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y such
as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h .
M a y als o set up and
m ain ta in f i l e s , k e ep r e c o r d s , etc.

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s id e n t o f a c om p an y
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r
2.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t) o f a c om p an y that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3.
S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i th e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t i o n w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s tr ia l r e l a t i o n s , etc .) o r a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v is io n ) o f a c om p an y that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,00 0 but f e w e r than 2 5 ,0 00 e m p l o y e e s ; o r
4.

Secretary

o th er equivalen t

to the head o f

an in d iv id ual

l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s ,

in a l l ,

plant,

factory,

etc. ( o r

o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

5.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im po rtan t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n t
o fte n in v o l v i n g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com p any that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 25,0 00 p e r s o n s .
C la s s

C

1. S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u ti v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not equiv ale nt to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d e fin itio n
f o r c l a s s B , but w h o s e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d o ze n e m p l o y e e s and is u s u a lly d iv id e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts which a r e
o fte n , in turn, f u r t h e r subdivid ed.
In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , this l e v e l includes a
w i d e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l ec h e lo n s; in o t h e r s , on ly one o r two; or_
2.
S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an indiv id ual plant , f a c t o r y , etc. (or ot h e r
e qu iv ale n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .
C la s s
(e .g .,

D

1.
S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit
f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; o£

2.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s ta ff s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l
e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s is ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O TE :
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to th is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )




OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n d e ­
pendence and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v id e n c e d by the
follow ing:
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic speed and a c c u r a c y ;
a th orough w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l bus iness and o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; and
o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , etc .
U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s te n o gr ap h ic duties and
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as m ainta in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d a , and l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s im p l e l e t t e r s
f r o m g e n e r a l in s tr u c tio n s ; rea d in g and routing inc o m in g m a il; and a n sw er in g
routin e q u e s tio n s , etc.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E

T Y P IS T

P r i m a r y duty is to t r a n s c r i b e dictatio n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l routine
vocabulary fr o m tra n s c rib in g -m a c h in e r ec o rd s .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n
c op y and do s im p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g dictatio n inv o lvin g
a v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s
on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e not included.
A w o r k e r who takes d ic tatio n in
shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s i m i l a r m ac h in e is c l a s s i f i e d as a s te n o g r a p h e r .
TYP IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m ak e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to mak e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s ha ve been m a d e by an other p e r s o n .
M a y include
typing o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating p r o c ­
esses.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a in in g , such as
k eep in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r tin g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a il.
C la s s A .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
T yp in g m a t e r i a l
in f in a l f o r m when it i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n lan gua ge m a t e r i a l ; o r planning layou t and
ty p in g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to mainta in u n i f o r m i t y and b alan ce in
spacing. M a y ty p e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .

T Y P I S T — C ontinued

ORDER

C la s s B .
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
C op y ty p in g f r o m
rou gh o r c l e a r d r a f t s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , ins uran ce p o l i c i e s , e tc.;
o r setting up s i m p l e standa rd tab ula tion s; o r c op y in g m o r e c o m p l e x ta b le s
a l r e a d y set up and sp ac ed p r o p e r l y .

R e c e iv e s w ritten or v e r b a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e rs fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W o r k ty p ica lly involves
s o m e c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g duties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e te r m in in g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y o f o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g g e s tin g substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c te d d e l i v e r y date and m ethod o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
in f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; c heck ing o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and
ad equacy o f i n f o r m a ti o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w i t h a c k n o w le d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to see that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by th e s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a d e l a y in d e l i v e r y ; m ainta ining o r d e r f i l e ; c h eck ing shipping i n v o ic e
again st o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

F IL E

CLERK

F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s ta b lis h e d f i l i n g
system .
M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and manual tas k s r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .
C la s s A . C l a s s i f i e s and ind exes f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
en c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e tc ., in an e s ta b lis h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
containing a n u m b er o f v a r i e d sub je ct m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y a ls o f i l e this
m ateria l.
M a y k e ep r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p e s in conjunctio n w ith the f i l e s .
M a y lead a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s paid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r w h o s e duties include
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n s u lta tiv e a d v i c e using knowledge
gained f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l tr a in in g ; e m p h a s iz in g s e llin g
s k i l l s ; ha ndling m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p art o f the job.

C la s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(s u b je c t m a tte r ) h ead in gs o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subheadings.
Prepares
s i m p l e r e l a t e d in d ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
A s requested,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y i d e n tif ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
May
p erform
r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C la s s C . P e r f o r m s rou tin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r wh ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
A s requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w it h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and manual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m ainta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
MESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , o p e r a tin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , opening and d is trib u tin g
m a i l , and oth e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E x c lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a ti o n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n if ic a n t duty.

CLERK

Positions
d e fin itio n s :

are

c la ssified

into

levels

according

to

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . H an dle s o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak ing judgm ents such as
cho osing w h ic h s p e c i f i c p ro duct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s ta b l i s h m e n t's pro duc t
lin e s w i l l s a t i s f y th e c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r making
s om e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l c a lc u la tio n s .
C las s B . H a n d le s o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i te m s w h ich ha ve r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and a p p lic a tio n s .
M a y r e f e r to a c a t a l o g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's manual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is supplied o r to v e r i f y
p r i c e o f o r d e r e d ite m .
A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e a ccoun ting c l e r i c a l ta s k s such as posting to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accou nts ; v e r i f y i n g the in tern a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f accounting docum ents ;
a s s ig n in g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d i s trib u t io n c o d e s ; e xa m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , postin g,
e tc .; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a te d jou rn a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i th e r a m anual o r au tom ate d accounting s y s te m .

S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o le used w ith a p r i v a t e
b ra nch exchange ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y in c o m in g , ou tg oin g, and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e in f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d of c a l l s p la c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s .
B e s i d e s o p e r a ti n g a te le p h on e
s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , m a y a ls o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty p ing o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y o c c u p y the m a j o r p o r tio n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u s u all y p e r f o r m e d w h i l e at th e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e ) .
C h ie f
o r le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s t a b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exclud ed .
F o r an o p e r a t o r who als o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , se e Sw itc hb oard
O p erator -R eceptionist.

T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m ethods and o f f i c e p r a c ­
t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s w h ich r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e c o r d i n g
o f tr a n s a c t i o n s and ac counting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the w o r k e r
t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith the b oo kk e e p ing and ac counting t e r m s and
p r o c e d u r e s used in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a k no w le dg e
o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b oo kk e e p ing and ac counting.

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
Positio n s
d e fin itio n s :

A t a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n t e le p h o n e s w itc h b o a rd o r c o n s o l e , ac ts both as
an o p e r a t o r — s e e S w it c h b oard O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t ' s
w o r k i n v o l v e s such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
b u s iness and p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e in f o r m a ti o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
p r i a t e p e r s o n in th e o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con ta cting that p e r s o n by te le p h o n e and
a r r a n g i n g an ap pointm ent; k e ep in g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .




are

classified

into

l e v e l s on th e b as is of the

follow ing

C lass A .
U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accounting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a tio n s w h ic h r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud g m ent, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e ac cou nting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e l e c t i n g am on g a substantial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d ac cou nting cod es

20

A C C O U N T IN G

C L E R K — C ontinued

PAYRO LL

and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c t i o n s th ro u gh p r e v i o u s accounting
actions to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s M a y be a s s i s t e d b y one o r
m o r e c la s s B ac counting c l e r k s .
C la s s B . Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in str uctions
and s ta n d a rd iz e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routin e ac counting c l e r ­
i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p ostin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
id e n ti f i c a ti o n o f i t e m s and l o c a t io n s o f p o s tin g s a r e c l e a r l y in d icate d ; c heck ing
a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a r d i z e d a n d
rep etitive reco rd s or
accou nting d oc u m e n ts ; and cod ing docum ents u s i n g
a few p re s c rib e d
accou nting c o d e s .

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR
O p e r a t e s a keypunch m a c h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alphabetic and/or
n u m e r i c data on ta b ula ting c a r d s o r on tape.
Positions
d e fin itio n s :

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a boo kk e e p ing m a c h in e (w ith o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
boa rd) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f busin ess tr a n s a c tio n s .

into

levels

on the

b asis o f the

follow ing

C la s s B . W o r k is routin e and r e p e t i t i v e .
Un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s tr u c tio n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s ta n ­
d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d ocum ents wh ic h have been c od e d , and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ic h ha ve b een p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , c od in g , o r in t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c od e s o r m i s s i n g i n fo rm a tio n .

C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e phases o r s e c t io n s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo kk e e p in g . P h a s e s
o r s e c t io n s include accounts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not
includin g a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d un der m ac h in e b i l l e r ) , c o s t d i s ­
t r ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is tr ib u t io n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , etc .
M ay check o r assist
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n ce s and p r e p a r e c o n t r o l she e ts f o r th e accounting
departm ent.

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E

OPERATOR

O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m ac h in e s such as the ta b u la to r , c a l c u ­
l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g punch, e tc .
Exclud ed f r o m
th is d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e xclud ed a r e o p e r a t o r s o f
e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v en though th ey m a y also o p e r a t e e l e c t r i c
accounting m ac h in e equipment.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o t h e r than an
o rd in ary or e lectro m a tic ty p ew riter.
M a y als o k e e p r e c o r d s as to b i l l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k incid enta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a ti o n s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by typ e
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :

Positions
defin itions:

B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m a c h in e (c o m b in a tio n
ty p in g and adding m achin e) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d a , etc.
U s u a lly i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d dis counts and shipping c h a r g e s
and e n tr y o f n e c e s s a r y e xte n s io n s , wh ic h m a y o r m a y not be c om pute d on
the b i l l i n g m a c h i n e , and to tals w h ic h a r e a u t p m a tic a lly a c c u m u late d by
m ac h in e .
T h e o p e r a t i o n u suall y i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b er o f c a r b o n c o p ie s
o f the b i l l bein g p r e p a r e d and is ofte n done on a f a n fo ld m ac h in e .

are

c la ssified

into

le v els

on the

b as is o f the

follow ing

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and tabulating a s s ig n m e n ts
including d e v i s i n g d i f fi c u l t c o n t r o l panel w i r i n g under g e n e r a l s u p e r v is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s w h ich
often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and sequencing o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the us e of a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o lv e d in t r a i n i n g new o p e r a t o r s in m achine o p e r a tio n s o r tr a i n i n g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in^the o p e r a t i n g s e quences
o f long and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
D oes not include p os itio n s in w h ich w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r ti o n o f p r e w i r e d b o a r d s .

B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b oo k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith or
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e yb oa rd ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b ills as p a r t o f the
accou nts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a tio n .
G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s th e sim u lta neous e n tr y of
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y ac c u m u la te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and com p utes and u sually p rin ts a u t o ­
m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b ala n ce s .
Does not i n v o l v e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k ­
k e ep in g.
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and sta ndard ty p e s o f s a le s and c r e d i t s lip s.

C las s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s ta b lis h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
un der s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p l e t e but r o u ­
tin e and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i f fi c u l t tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l acc ounting m achines such as
the ta b u la tor and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad dition to the s i m p l e r m ac h in e s used by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .

CLERK

C l a s s C . U nder s p e c i f i c i n s tr u c tio n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e tabulating
o r e l e c t r i c a l accou nting m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g
punch, c o l l a t o r , etc .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r tio n s of a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , ind iv id u al s o r ti n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a tio n s .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o rk .

P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m ain ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s .
W o r k in v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P ro cessin g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tion r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e f i t s , o r ta x deductions; ed iting p a y r o l l




are c la s s ifie d

C l a s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the ap p lic a tion o f e x p e r i e n c e and judgment
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h in g f o r , in t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r codin g i t e m s to be keypun ched f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u ­
m en ts .
On o c c a s i o n m a y als o p e r f o r m s o m e routin e keypunch w o r k .
M ay
t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypunch o p e r a t o r s .

C lass A .
K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k n o w le d g e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s ic b ookk eep in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y with the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r accounting s y s t e m us ed.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s trib u t io n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in each phas e o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b ala n ce s h e e ts , and ot h e r r e c o r d s by hand.

PAYROLL

C L E R K — C ontinued

l i s t i n g s ag ain s t s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in li s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s .
In a nonau tom ated p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com p utes w a g e s .
W o rk m ay req u ire a pra ctica l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

21

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINESS— Continued

A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olv in g
th em by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t.
D evelops a com plete
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ne eded to e nab le p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a tio n s to be au tom ate d and i d e n t i f i e s con dit io ns
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r and
ty p e s o f r e c o r d 's , f i l e s , and docum ents to be us ed; ou tlines ac tio ns to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u ffic ie n t d e t a i l f o r p r e s e n ta tio n
to m a n a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y th is i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d i n a t e s the d e v e l o p m e n t of te s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f ne w and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip ­
m en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a t i o n s .
(N O T E :
W orkers
p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as
s y s t e m s a n a lys ts i f th is is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay .)

C lass C.
W o r k s un der i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a l y ­
se s as a s s i g n e d , u s u a lly o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to
d e v e l o p and expand p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f p r o c e d u r e s and
s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a ly s is w o r k .
F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r
l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a lys t b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d by
p r o g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d b y the h ig h e r l e v e l an alyst.

D oe s not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m en t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s ­
t e m s a n a lys ts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d with s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s a n a lys ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :
C lass A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly o r un der only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m a n a l y s i s .
P ro b lem s are
c o m p l e x b e ca u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f o u t p u t d a t a .
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p r o d u c t i o n s c h e d ­
ulin g, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , and s a le s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in which
e v e r y i t e m of each typ e i s a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d through the f u l l s y s te m
o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p ac tions a r e in itiate d by the c o m p u t e r . )
C o n f e r s with p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s
and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f n e w o r r e v i s e d
s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s .
Makes recom m en dation s, i f needed,
f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s ta lla tio n s o r changes and f o r obtaining
equipm ent.

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINESS
C o n v e r t s s tate m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a
s y s t e m s a n a lys t, into a sequence o f d e t a i l e d i n s tr u c tio n s which a r e r e q u i r e d
to s o lv e the p r o b l e m s by autom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equip m en t.
W o rk in g f r o m
c h a r ts o r d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e l o p s the p r e c i s e in s tru c tio n s which,
when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d lan gu a ge , cau se the m an ip u ­
latio n o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ;
A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , lo g ic e m p l o y e d by
c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r subject m a t t e r i n v o l v e d to an a lyz e c h arts and
d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e l o p s sequence o f p r o g r a m
s te p s; w r i t e s d e ta i l e d f l o w c h a r ts to show o r d e r in wh ich data w i l l be
p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r t s th es e c h a r ts to c od e d i n s tr u c tio n s f o r m ac h in e to f o l l o w ;
t e s t s and c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a tin g p e r s o n n e l
d u r in g p ro d u c tion run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e
o p e r a t i n g e f f i c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s .
(N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both
s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s te m s an alys ts
if this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r pay.)
D o e s not in clud e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n a g e ­
m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o ­
g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g p r o b l e m s .
For

M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n al d i r e c t i o n
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

to

low er

C l a s s B.
W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
operate.
P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e ca u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,
d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accou nts in a bank, m a in ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n t, o r m ain ta in in g in v e n t o r y
ac cou nts in a m an u fa c tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s w ith p e r ­
sons c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be ap p lie d.
OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
W o r k s in d e p e n d e n tly on routine a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and guidance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n ts .
W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p l i a n c e with in s t r u c t i o n s , and to in s u r e p r o p e r
a lig n m e n t with the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .




wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

l e v e l s y s t e m s an aly sts
C l a s s A . W o r k s in d ep end ently o r u n der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l phas e s o f p r o g r a m m i n g
c o n c e p ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and c h a r ts whic h id e n ti f y
the nature o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g ste ps to be a c c o m p l i s h e d ,
and the r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ste ps o f the p r o b l e m s olv in g routine;
plans the f u l l range o f p r o g r a m m i n g a c tio n s n e e d e d to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the
c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .
A t th is l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f fi c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r equ ipm en t
m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e prod ucts f r o m
n u m e r o u s and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x te n s i v e nu m ber
o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g ac tio n s m u s t o c c u r .
T h i s r e q u i r e s such actions as
d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s w h ich can be r e u s e d , e s ta b lis h m e n t of
lin k a g e points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , ad ju s tm e n ts to data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e ­
m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , and substantial m anipulatio n and
r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e l e m e n t s to f o r m a h ig h ly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e fu n c tio n a l d i r e c t i o n to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who a r e
a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SINE SS— C ontinued

C O M P U T E R O PERATO R-

C lass B .
W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s im p le s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n ts ) usuall y p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to pro duce data in two
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e quences o r f o r m a t s .
R e p o r t s and l i s t i n g s a r e p ro d u c ed by
r e f i n i n g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r additions to o r d e le t io n s f r o m
input data w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h il e nu m e rou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been r e f i n e d in p r i o r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and s equencing of data can be te s te d by using a f e w routine c h e c k s. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d e a ls with routine r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a ti o n s .

m a j o r change o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d within a r e a s o n a b l y sho rt t i m e .
In
c o m m o n e r r o r situ atio ns, d ia g n o s e s cause and takes c o r r e c t i v e action.
T h is
u s u a lly i n v o l v e s applyin g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e ste ps, o r using
standa rd c o r r e c t i o n techn iq ues.

OR
W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s (a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A) under c l o s e
d i r e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in d ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if fi c u l t tasks as s ign e d ,
and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t tasks under f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c t i o n .
M a y guide o r i n s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C l a s s C.
M a k e s p r a c t i c a l ap p li c ation s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c on c e p ts u suall y l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a in in g c o u r s e s .
A ssign m en ts are
d e s i g n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the ap p lic ation o f standard p r o c e d u r e s to
routin e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new asp e cts o f a s s ig n m e n ts ;
and w o r k i s r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y it s a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e with r e q u i r e d
procedures.

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n t r o l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a tin g i n s tr u c tio n s , u sually p r e p a r e d by a p r o ­
gram m er.
W o r k includes m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g ; Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e t e r m i n e e quip m en t setup and o p e r a ti o n s ; loads equipm ent with r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; sw it c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equipm en t into
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r; m a k e s ad justm ents to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l con ditions; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m ad e
during o p e r a ti o n and d e t e r m i n e s cau se o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r v i s o r o r
p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ainta in s o p e r a tin g r e c o r d s .
M a y te s t and a s s i s t in
correctin g p rogram .
For

wage

study

purposes,

c o m p u te r

operators

are

c la ssified

as

follo w s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s independently, o r under only g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N e w p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y te s te d and introdu ced ; scheduling r e q u i r e m e n t s
a r e o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e of
c o m p l e x d e s ig n so that id e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r sou rc e often r e q u i r e s a w o rk in g
k n o w le d g e o f the t o t a l p r o g r a m , and a lt e rn ate p r o g r a m s m a y not be a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guidance to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s independently, o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n ,
a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s with m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
M os t o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s ta b lis h e d prod uction runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a
r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is l ittle o r no t e s tin g o f ne w p r o g r a m s
r e q u i r e d ; a l te r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p ro v i d e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs




ontinued

OR
O p e r a t e s under d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s with the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A .
M ay
a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r by independently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i ffic u lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t ta s k s f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d in s tr u c tio n s and
with fre q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d .

e x p e c te d
a b i l i t y to
received
operator

C l a s s C . W o rk s on routin e p r o g r a m s under c l o s e s u p e rv is io n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equipment used and
d e te c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routin e p r o g r a m s .
U s u a lly has
s om e f o r m a l tr a i n i n g in c o m p u te r o p e r a tio n . M a y a s s is t h ig h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER
C lass A .
P lan s the g ra p h ic p re s e n ta tio n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n tl y f r o m e s ta b lis h e d d ra ft in g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e support with the d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n ch an ge s .
A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f eac h change on the
d e t a i l s o f f o r m , functio n, and p o s i t i o n a l r e la tio n s h ip s o f com ponents and p a r ts .
W o r k s w ith a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s ta n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k is
r e v i e w e d by d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y with p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s .
M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p re p a r a tio n by l o w e r
le v e l d ra fters.

C lass B .
P e r f o r m s nonroutine and c o m p l e x d ra ft in g a s s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the ap p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a rd ize d d ra w in g te chniques
r e g u l a r l y used.
D uties t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e such w o r k as :
P r e p a r e s w o rk in g
d r a w i n g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s with i r r e g u l a r shapes, m u ltip le functio ns, and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s be tw e e n com ponen ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d r a w in g s f o r c on s t ru c tio n o f a building including d e t a i l d ra w in g s o f foun­
d atio ns , w a l l s e c t io n s , f l o o r p lans, and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p ted f o r m u l a s and
m anuals in m a k i n g n e c e s s a r y com puta tions to d e t e r m i n e quantities o f
m a t e r i a l s to be us ed, loa d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr en gth s , s t r e s s e s , e tc .
R eceives
i n i t i a l in s tr u c tio n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p l e te d
w o r k is checked f o r t e c h n i c a l ad equ ac y.

C lass C .
P r e p a r e s d e t a i l d ra w in g s o f s ing le units o r p arts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n stru c tio n , m an u fac tu rin g, o r r e p a i r p u r p o s es .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s (d e p ic tin g t h re e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of com ponents
and c o n v e y need ed i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta i l s f r o m a nu m ber o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d .
Sugg est ed m ethod s o f
a p p ro ac h, ap p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g ive n
w it h i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts .
In s tru c tion s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when a s s ig n m e n ts
recur.
W o r k m a y be s p o t- c h e c k e d durin g p r o g r e s s .

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C ontinued

C o p i e s plans and d r a w i n g s p r e p a r e d by o th e rs by p la c in g t r a c i n g
clo th o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g with pen o r p e n c i l .
(D o e s not
include t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c o n s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a le not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d b y s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n t l y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p l i a n c e with a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p rovide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n s .

AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
W o rk is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d durin g p r o g r e s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t and r e l a t e d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
I n s ta llin g , m ain ta ining ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , tr o u b l e s h o o ti n g , m o d i f y i n g , c on stru c tin g, and te s tin g .
W o rk r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic atio n o f t e c h n i c a l k no w le dg e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m alfu n c tio n s , and s k ill to put equip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a ti n g condit io n.
T h e e quip m en t--- c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c i r c u i t s
o r m u ltip le r e p e t i t i o n o f the s am e kind o f c i r c u i t — in c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the f o l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g e quip m en t (e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , te le p h o n e , son ar, n a v i g a ti o n a l a i d s ) , (b) d i g i t a l and
an alog c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u r in g and c o n tr o llin g
equipm ent.
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standa rd e l e c t r o n i c
e quip m en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and household r a d i o and t e l e v i s i o n
s ets; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s wh ose p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c te s t in s tr u m e n ts ; te c h n ic ia n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
en gin eers.
P ositio n s
d e fin itio n s .

are

c la ssified

into

le v els

on the

b as is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C lass A.
A p p l i e s advanced te c h n i c a l k n o w le dg e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th os e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o lv e d s o l e l y by r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anua ls o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on e l e c ­
t r o n i c equip m en t.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s in clude lo c a t io n and d e n s ity o f
c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c rad ia tion , i s o l a t i n g m a lfu n c tio n s , and fre qu en t
e n g i n e e r i n g c h an ges.
W ork in v o lve s :
A d e ta i l e d understandin g o f the i n t e r ­
r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s ; e x e r c i s i n g in dependent ju d gm ent in p e r f o r m i n g such
tas k s as m ak in g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c a lc u la tin g w a v e f o r m s , t r a c i n g r e l a t i o n ­
ships in s ign a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te s t in s tru m e n ts ( e . g . , dual
t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v i a ti o n m e t e r s , pulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C l a s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d oc u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t.
W ork in v o lve s :
A f a m i l i a r i t y w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and j u d g m e n t in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k s e quence and in s e l e c ti n g
t o o l s and te s ti n g in s t r u m e n t s , u sually l e s s c o m p l e x than th ose used b y the
c l a s s A te c hn ic ia n.
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p l i a n c e with ac c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k a s s i g n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C l a s s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s im p le o r
routin e ta s k s in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m en t, f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n s t r u c ­
tions which c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s .
W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s such
ta s k s as :
A s s i s t i n g h ig h e r l e v e l te c h n ic ia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g c o m p o n e n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and ta k in g t e s t r e a d i n g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c e qu ip m en t; and using to o l s and c o m m o n te s t i n s tr u m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) .
Is not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d thro ugh a s s ig n m e n ts d e s ig n e d to
i n c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (inclu d in g c l a s s r o o m tr a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can
advance to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .
R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l t e c h n ic ia n .
W o r k i s t y p i c a l l y spot c h e c k ed , but is g i v e n d e ta ile d r e v i e w
when n e w o r ad vanced a s s i g n m e n ts a r e i n v o l v e d .
R E G IS T E R E D IN D U S T R I A L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d n u rs e who g i v e s n u rs in g s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n ju re d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id e n t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
Duties i n v o l v e a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G i v i n g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju r e d ; atten ding to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; keepin g
r e c o r d s of patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c i d e n t r e p o r t s f o r c om p e n s a tio n o r
ot h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a ti o n s and health ev alu atio ns o f
ap p li c ants and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
health education, ac c id e n t p r e v e n t i o n , e v a lu a tio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
ot h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the healt h, w e l f a r e , and s a f e ty o f a l l p e r s o n n e l.
N u rs in g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e e xc lu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R — Con tinued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n stru c t and m ain ta in
in good r e p a i r build ing w o o d w o r k and equip m en t such as bins, c r i b s , c o u n te rs ,
benches, p a r titio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , and t r i m m a d e o f wood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Pla nn ing and
laying out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;

using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r ' s ha ndto ols, p o r t a b l e p o w e r to o ls , and standa rd
m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g standard shop com p utatio ns r e l a t i n g to d i m e n ­
sion s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o r k .
In g e n e r a l ,
the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
ence u s u ally a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv ale n t tr a i n i n g
and e x p e r i e n c e .




M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC I A N

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M o to r v e h ic le )

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n s t a l ­
lation, m a i n te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equipm en t f o r the g e n e ra t io n , d is trib u tion ,
o r u til i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b lis h m e n t.
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s ta l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l e q u i p ­
men t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w itc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t
b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heat ing units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r ot h e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
equipm ent; w o r k i n g f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , la youts, o r ot h e r s p e c i f i ­
c atio n s ; lo c a t in g and d ia g n os in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u i p ­
m en t; w o r k i n g sta ndard com puta tions r e l a t i n g to loa d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w i r i n g
o r e l e c t r i c a l equip m en t; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools and
m e a s u r i n g and t e s t i n g i n s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n anc e
e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d through
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

R e p a i r s a u t o m o b ile s , b u s e s, m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s of an e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E xa m in in g au tom otiv e e q u ip ­
m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equipm ent and p e r f o r m i n g
r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtoo ls as w r e n c h e s , gauges, d r i l l s ,
o r s p e c i a l i z e d equipm en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p arts ; r e p l a c i n g bro ken
o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts f r o m stock; g rin d in g and adjusting v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g and
i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak ing n e c e s s a r y ad ju s t­
m e n ts ; and a lig nin g w h e e l s , adjusting b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r tighte ning body
b o lts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ainte n anc e m e c h a n ic
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oe s not include m e c h a n i c s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in a u tom ob ile r e p a i r shops.

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and f i x t u r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e of s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f fe r e n t ap p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
painting by r e m o v i n g old finish o r by p lac in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il hole s and
i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap p lyin g paint w it h s p ra y gun o r bru sh.
May m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le ad , and oth e r paint in g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r or
c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n anc e p a in ter r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p arts and ne w p a r ts in m ak in g r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o p e r a te d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o rk
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n te r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n i n s tr u c tio n s and s p e c i ­
f i c a t i o n s ; planning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; setting up and o p e r a tin g
standa rd m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m aking
standa rd shop c om p uta tions r e l a t i n g to d im e n s i o n s o f w o r k , to o lin g , f e e d s ,
and s p ee d s o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e of the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c om m o n
m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g standa rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and equipm en t r e q u i r e d f o r this
w o r k ; and f ittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p arts into m e c h a n i c a l equip m ent. In g e n e r a l ,
the m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a roun ded t r a in in g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e u s u a lly a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r equiv ale nt
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M achin ery)
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l equipm en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
e q u ip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h i n e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and f ittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k en o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts with i t e m s
ob ta in ed f r o m stock; o r d e r i n g the p ro d uctio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m ac h in e shop o r sending the m achin e to a m ac h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d uction o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m ac h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; and m ak in g a ll
n e c e s s a r y a d ju s tm e n ts f o r op e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k of a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y
a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i ­
en c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h ose p r i m a r y duties
i n v o l v e se ttin g up o r adjustin g m a c h in e s .




M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r ot h e r ty p e s o f pipe and
p i p e f i tt in g s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y in g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to lo c a t e p o s itio n o f pipe f r o m d ra w in g s o r other
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t tin g m a c h in e s ; th re a d in g
pip e with stocks and d ie s; bending pipe by h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g pipe with c oup li n gs and fastenin g pipe to h a n g er s ;
m a k in g standa rd shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
pip e r e q u i r e d ; and m ak in g standard t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h ethe r fin is h e d pipes
m ee t specificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n ance p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g ed in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g building sanitation o r heating s y s t e m s
a re exclu ded.
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L WORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in good r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
e quip m en t and f i x t u r e s (such as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , tan ks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, duc ts, m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P lann in g and lay in g out a l l ty p es o f
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p rin ts , m o d e l s , o r other s p e c i f i ­
c a tio n s ; settin g up and o p e r a t i n g a l l a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k i n g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtoo ls in cutting, bending, f o r m i n g , shaping,
f ittin g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and i n s ta llin g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u i r e d .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e s h e e t - m e t a l . w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u s u ally a c q u i r e d through a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r
e qu iv a le n t t r a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
In s t a l l s new m a c h i n e s o r h e a v y equip m en t, and d i s m a n tle s and
i n s t a l l s m a c h i n e s o r he av y e quip m en t when changes in the plant layou t a r e
requ ired.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t of the f o l l o w i n g ; Plannin g and lay in g out
w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r ot h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handto o l s and r i g g i n g ; m ak in g standa rd shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
stren gth o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a lig nin g and b alan cing e q u i p ­
m en t; s e l e c t i n g standard t o o l s , e qu ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and i n s ta llin g
and m ain ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e quip m en t such as d r i v e s
and speed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the tr a d e a c q u i r e d through a f o r m a l
a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

25

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R

A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in the s k il l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k ill, such as k eep in g a
w o r k e r sup plied with m a t e r i a l s and to o ls ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m a c h in e ,
and equip m en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n by holding m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and p e r ­
f o r m i n g o t h e r u n sk il le d tasks as d i r e c t e d by jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f w o r k
the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m tr a d e to t r a d e :
In s om e
t r a d e s the h e l p e r i s c on fin e d to supplying, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s and
t o o l s , and c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m
s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r ts o f a tr a d e that a r e a ls o p e r f o r m e d
by w o r k e r s , qn a f u l l - t i m e b as is .

C o n s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cuttin g t o o l s , g aug es, o r m e t a l
d i e s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic m a t e r i a l ( e . g . ,
p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , r u b b e r , g l a s s ) . W o r k t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s : Plannin g and l a y in g
out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , o r o t h e r w r itte n o r o r a l
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understa ndin g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f c om m o n m e t a l s and
a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to
c o m p l e t e ta s k s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop c om p u tatio n s ; setting up and o p e r a ti n g
v a r i o u s m ac h in e to o l s and r e l a t e d equip m en t; using v a r io u s t o o l and die
m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; w o rk in g to v e r y
c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and fin is h e d to ols and d ie s to
a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r ­
a n ce s and a l l o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and d ie m a k e r ' s w o r k r e q u i r e s
rounded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u ir e d
th rough f o r m a l a p p r e n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A C H IN E - T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a ti n g one o r m o r e than one type o f m ac h in e t o o l
( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g rin d in g m a c h in e , eng ine lath e, m i l l i n g m a c h in e ) to m ac h in e
m e t a l f o r use in m a k i n g o r m ain ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es ,
o r m e t a l d i e s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e ta llic
m a t e r ia l (e .g ., pla stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la ss).
W o rk t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e s :
P lann ing and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e c o m ­
p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m a c h in e t o o l o r
to o l s ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting to o l s and ad just g u id es , stops, w o r k i n g t a b le s ,
and o t h e r c o n t r o l s to handle the s i z e o f stock to be m ac h in e d ; d e t e r m i n e
p r o p e r f e e d s , s p e e d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a ti o n sequence o r s e l e c t th os e p r e ­
s c r i b e d in d r a w i n g s , b l u e p rin ts , o r la y o u ts); using a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n
m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm ents durin g m ac h in in g
o p e r a t i o n to a c h i e v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be
r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n ts and cutting and l u b r ic a tin g o i l s , to
r e c o g n i z e when t o o l s need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k
o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in this
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m
p r a c t i c e u s u all y a c q u i r e d th rough c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b tr a in in g a n d
exp erien ce.

includ e
shops.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d oes not
m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
include t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ie s (d ie s i n k e r s ) .
S T A T IO N A R Y E N G IN EE R
O p e r a t e s and m ain ta in s and m a y a ls o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s t a t i o n a r y eng in e s and e quip m en t ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b l i s h m e n t in wh ich e m p l o y e d with p o w e r , heat, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r c on ditio nin g.
W ork in v o lve s :
O p e r a t in g and m a in ta in in g equip m en t such as
s te a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , tu r b in e s , v e n tila tin g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e q u ip m en t, s te a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pumps;
m a k in g equ ip m en t r e p a i r s ; and k e ep in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a tio n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l con su m ption.
M a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th ese op e r a tio n s .
H ead o r c h i e f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
a r e e x clud ed .
B O IL E R TE N D E R
F ire s
s ta ti o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h the e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h
e m p l o y e d with heat, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fu e l s to f i r e by hand or
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s to k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
safety v a lv e s .
M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equipment.

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a tr u c k within a c i t y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e ­
r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e , e quip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p e s o f e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts such as:
M an u fa ctu rin g plants, f r e i g h t d e p o ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e ­
s ale and r e t a i l 'e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l
e s ta b lis h m e n ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' ho uses o r p l a c e s of b u s in e s s . M a y a l s o loa d o r unload tr uck with
o r with ou t h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k eep tr u c k in good
w orking ord er.
S a l e s r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
typ e o f e quip m en t, as f o l l o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b as is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)




T R U C K D R I V E R — Continued
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d rive r,

lig h t tr u c k (under 1 V2 to n s )
m e d i u m tr u c k ( 1 V2 to and inc lu d in g 4 tons)
h e a v y tru c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 tons)

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K
P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g shipm en ts o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k
i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r outes, a v a i l a b l e
m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the goods

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K — C ontinued

S H IP P IN G P A C K E R — C ontinued

shipped, m a k in g up b i l l s o f la ding, p ostin g w e ig h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e ep in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm en t.
R eceivin g work in v o lv e s : V erify in g or directin g
oth e rs in v e r i f y i n g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f ship m ents again st b i l l s o f lad ing ,
i n v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; checking f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a ge d
goods; r outin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r tm e n ts ; and m a i n ­
tain in g n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and f i l e s .

shipping c o n ta in e r s and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f stock in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n of a p p r o p r ia t e
ty pe and s i z e o f c o n ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n ta in e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g and s e a lin g c o n ­
t a i n e r ; and ap plying la b e ls o r e n t e r i n g id e n tify in g data on c on ta in e r .
Packers
who a ls o m a k e wo od en b ox es o r c r a t e s a r e exc lu d e d .
M A T E R I A L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R

F o r wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

w orkers

a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

Shipping c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
Shipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
WAREHOUSEMAN
A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties wh ich r e q u i r e
an u n dersta nd in g o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's s to r a g e p la n . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t
o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) again st r e c e i v i n g
d o c u m e n ts , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob vio u s d a m a g e s ; rou ting
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s to r a g e l o c a t io n s ; s to r in g , sta cking, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
t a k i n g i n v e n t o r y o f s to r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s to r e d m a t e r i a l s and
r e p o r t i n g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and d a m a g e ; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipm en t.
M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr uck s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s i n g d uties.
E x c lu d e w o r k e r s w h os e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v ­
ing w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
( s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a ti n g p o w e r tru c k s (s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .
ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d goods f r o m s to r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s lip s, c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r in s tr u c tio n s .
M a y , in addition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and i n d i ­
c atin g i t e m s f i l l e d o r om itte d , k eep r e c o r d s o f ou tg oing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n
ad d itio n a l sto ck o r r e p o r t short sup plies to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m other
r e l a t e d d u tie s .
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p ro d ucts f o r shipment o r s to r a g e by p la c in g th em
in shipping c o n t a i n e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b ein g dependent
upon the ty p e , s i z e , and nu m b e r o f units to be p acked, the typ e o f con tain e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth o d o f ship m en t.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p la c in g o f i t e m s in




A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m an u fac tu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
o t h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t wh os e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o t h e r tr a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r ti n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y ha ndtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who load and unload ships, a r e e x clud ed .
P O W E R -TR U C K O PE RATO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t good s and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u fa c tu rin g plant, o r ot h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
truck,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r as f o l l o w s :
F o rk lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r (o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

GUARD A N D W A TC H M A N
Guard.
P e r f o r m s routin e p o l i c e d utie s , e i t h e r at f i x e d post o r on
to u r, m a in ta in in g o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
In cludes
guards who a r e s ta tioned at gate and c h e c k on id e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
other persons e n te rin g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y again st f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

p erio d ically

in

protecting

P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

C le a n s and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y c on dition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , ap a r tm e n t ho use, o r c o m m e r c i a l
o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
D uties i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g :
S w ee p ing , m o p p in g o r scrub b ing, and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g c h ip s , tr a s h ,
and ot h e r r e f u s e ; dusting equip m en t, f u r n i tu r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l
f i x t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g supplies and m i n o r m ainte n anc e s e r v i c e s ;
and c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e
in w in d o w w as h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The follow in g a rea s a r e s u r ­
v e y e d p e r i o d i c a l l y f o r us e in a d m i n ­
i s t e r i n g the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t
o f 1965.
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a r e pub­
l i s h e d in r e l e a s e s w h ic h a r e a v a i l a ­
b l e , at no c o s t, w h ile supplies la s t
f r o m any o f the B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s
shown on the bac k c o v e r .
Alaska (statew ide)
A lb a n y, Ga.
A lexa n d ria , La.
A lp e n a , Standish, and
T a w a s C ity , M ic h.
A s h e v i l l e , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N.J.
A ugusta , Ga.—
S.C.
A u s tin , T e x .
B a k e r s f i e l d , C alif.
Baton R o u g e , L a .
B attle C r e e k , M ic h.
B ea um ont—P o r t A r t h u r Orange, Tex.
B i l o x i — u l f p o r t and
G
P ascagou la, M iss.
B r e m e r t o n , Wash.
B r i d g e p o r t , N o r w a l k , and
S t a m f o r d , Conn.
B r u n s w ic k , Ga.
C e d a r R a p id s , Iowa
C ham p aig n—
Urbana—Rantoul, 111.
C h a r le s t o n , S.C.
Cheyen ne, Wyo.
C l a r k s v i l l e —H o p k i n s v i l l e , T e n n .—Ky.
C o l o r a d o S p r i n g s , Colo .
C o lu m b ia , S.C.
C olum bus, M i s s .
C r a n e , Ind.
D e c a tu r , 111.
Des M o i n e s , Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u p e r i o r , M inn.—Wis.
S
E l P a s o , T e x . , and A l a m o g o r d o —L a s
C r u c e s , N. M ex.
E ugen e— p r i n g f i e l d and M e d f o r d —
S
K la m a th F a l l s — r a n ts P a s s —
G
Rosebu rg, Oreg.
F a y e t t e v i l l e , N .C .
F i t c h b u r g —L e o m i n s t e r , M a s s .




F o r t R i l e y —Junction C ity , Kans.
F o r t Sm ith, A r k . —Okla.
F o r t W a yn e, Ind.
F r e d e r i c k —H a g e r s to w n —
C h a m b e r s b u r g , M d .—Pa.
G ad sd en and An nisto n , A la .
G o l d s b o r o , N .C .
G rand Island— a s t i n g s , N e b r .
H
G uam , T e r r i t o r y of
H a r r i s b u r g —L e b an o n , Pa.
L a C r o s s e , W is .
L a redo , Tex.
L a w t o n , Okla.
L e x in g to n —F a y e t t e , Ky.
L i m a , Ohio
L o g a n s p o r t —P e r u , Ind.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , M d .—V a .—Del.
M a c on , Ga.
M a d is o n , W is .
M ain e ( s t a t e w i d e )
M c A l l e n —P h a r r —Edinburg and
B r o w n s v i l l e —H a r l i n g e n —
San B e n ito , T e x .
M eridian , M iss.
M i d d l e s e x , M on mouth, and
O c e a n C o s . , N.J.
M o b i l e and P e n s a c o l a , A l a . — l a .
F
Montana (s t a t e w i d e )
N a s h v i l l e —D av id s on , Tenn.
N e w B e r n —J a c k s o n v i l l e , N .C .
N ew H am psh ire (statew ide)
N e w L ondon— o r w i c h , Conn.—
N
R.I.
N o r t h Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Northern N ew York
O r la n d o, F la .
Oxnard— i m i V a l l e y —V e n t u r a , C alif.
S
P h o e n ix , A r i z .
P i n e B l u f f, A r k .
P u e b l o , Colo .
P u erto Rico
R a l e i g h —Durham , N .C .
R e n o, N ev .
R iv ersid e—
San B e r n a r d i n o —
O n t a r io , C a lif.
Sali na, Kans.
S a li n as — e a s i d e — o n t e r e y , C alif.
S
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B a r b a r a —
Santa M a r i a —
L o m p o c , C alif.

Savannah, Ga.
S e l m a , A la .
S h e rm a n — e n is on , T e x .
D
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota ( s t a t e w i d e )
Southern Idaho
So u th w e stern V i r g i n i a
S p r i n g f i e l d , 111.
S p r i n g f i e l d —C h ic o p e e —H o l y o k e ,
M a s s . —Conn.
Stockton, C a lif.
T a c o m a , Wash.
Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a .
T o p e k a , Kans.
T u l s a , Okla.
U p p e r P e n in s u la , M ich.
V a l l e j o —F a i r f i e l d — ap a, C alif.
N
V erm o n t (statew ide)
V i r g i n Island s of the U.S.
W a co and K i l l e e n —T e m p l e , T e x .
W a t e r l o o —C e d a r F a l l s , Io wa
W e s t T e x a s P la in s
W est V ir g in ia (statew ide)
W i l m i n g t o n , D e l . — J.—Md.
N.
Y a k i m a , R ic h lan d —K e n n e w ic k , and
W a l l a W a l l a —P e n d le ton ,
Wash .—O r e g .

ALSO A V A IL A B L E —
A n annual r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r
accounta nts , a u d ito rs , c h i e f a c c o u n t­
an ts, a t t o r n e y s , job an aly s ts , d i r e c ­
tors of person nel, buyers, ch em ists,
e n g i n e e r s , e n g in e e r in g te c h n icia n s ,
d r a ft e r s , a n d c le r ic a l em plo yees
is a v a i l a b l e .
O r d e r as B L S B u l l e ­
tin 1980, N a tio n a l Su rvey of P r o fe ssio n a l, A dm in istra tive, T ech nical
and C l e r i c a l P a y , M a r c h 1977, $ 2.4 0
a copy, f r o m any of the B L S r e ­
g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s shown on the
b ac k c o v e r , o r f r o m the S u p e r i n ­
tendent o f D oc u m e n ts , U.S. G o v e r n ­
m en t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , Wash ington,
D .C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t b u l l e t i n s a v a i l a b l e is p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
B u lletins
m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s s h o w n on th e b a c k
c o v e r , o r f r o m th e S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U. S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g
O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . 204 02.
M a k e ch e c k s p a y a b le to S u p er in ten d en t of
D ocum ents.
A d i r e c t o r y o f o c c u p a t i o n a l w a g e s u r v e y s , c o v e r i n g th e y e a r s
1950 t h r o u g h 1975, is a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t .

Area

A k r o n , Ohio , D ec. 1977__________________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c t a d y — r o y , N . Y . , Sept. 1977_________________
S
T
Anaheim —
Santa A n a — a r d e n G r o v e ,
G
C a l i f . , Oct. 1977_________________________________________________
A tla n ta , G a . , M a y 1977__________________________________________
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1977______________________________________
B i l l i n g s , M o n t., July 1977 1 _____________________________________
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1977__________________________________
B osto n , M a s s . , Aug. 1977________________________________________
B u ffa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 1977_________________________________________
Canton, Ohio , M a y l 9 7 7 * ________________________________________
Cha tt anooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1977____________________________
C h ic a g o , 111., M a y 1977 1________________________________________
Cin cin n ati, Ohio — y . — n d . , July 1977 1_______________________
K
I
C l e v e l a n d , O hio , Sept. 1977 1___________________________________
C olu m bus, Ohio , Oct. 1977______________________________________
Corpu s C h r i s t i , T e x . , July 1977 1 ______________________________
D a l l a s —F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , Oct. 1977____________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k Isla nd—M o l i n e , Iowa—
R
111., M a y 1977 1 _____
Day ton, Ohio, D ec. 1976 ________________________________________
Dayton a B e a c h , F l a . , Aug. 1977 1_______________________________
D e n v e r — o u l d e r , C o l o . , D ec. 1976_____________________________
B
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , M a r . 1977_______________________________________
F r e s n o , C a l i f . , June 1977 _______________________________________
G a i n e s v i l l e , F l a . , Sept. 1977 1__________________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , July 1977_____________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — i n s t o n - S a l e m — ig h P oin t,
W
H
N . C . , Aug. 1 977 1—________ ________________ ________ ____________
G r e e n v i l l e — p a r t a n b u r g , S.C ., June 1977 ____________________
S
H a r t f o r d , Conn ., M a r . 1977_____________________________________
Houston, T e x . , A u g . 1 9 77 1______________________________________
H u n ts v i l l e , A l a . , Feb. 1977 1____________________________________
In d ia n a p o lis , Ind., Oct. 1977____________________________________
Jac kson , M i s s . , Jan. 1977 1 _____________________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1977___________________________________
K ansas C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1977___________________________
L o s A n g e l e s — o n g B e a c h , C a l i f . , Oct. 1977__________________
L
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . — n d . , N ov. 1977 1______________________________
I
M e m p h i s , T e n n . — r k . —M i s s . , N ov. 1977______________________
A




B u lletin num ber
an d p r i c e *

1950-70, 80 cents
1950-52, 80 cents
1950-60,
1950-17,
1950-39,
1950-40,
1950-8,
1950-50,
1950-58,
1950-28,
1950-44,
1950-41,
1950-45,
1950-53,
1950-64,
1950-35,
1950-65,
1950-26,
1900-78,
1950-43,
1900-73,
1950-13,
1950-30,
1950-46,
1950-36,

$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.10
70 cents
$1.40
$1.20
$1.40
$1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
85 cents
$1.00
85 cents
$1.20
70 cents
$1.00
70 cents

1950-42,
1950-33,
1950-9,
1950-48,
1950-4,
1950-56,
1950-2,
1950-67,
1950-54,
1950-61,
1950-66,
1950-63,

$ 1.10
70 cents
80 cents
$1.40
$1.40
$ 1.0 0
$1.50
70 cents
$1.00
$1.20
$1.20
70 cents

Area

M i a m i , F l a . , Oct. 1977_______________________ ____________________
M ilw a u k e e , W i s . , A p r . 1977 ____________________________________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. Pa u l, M in n .—W i s . , Jan. 1977________________
N as sa u — u ffo lk, N . Y . , June 1977 ______________________________
S
N e w a r k , N .J . , Jan. 1977 ________________________________________
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , Jan. 1977 1 _________________________________
N e w Y o r k , N . Y . - N . J . , M a y 1977_______________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B ea ch —P o r t s m o u t h , V a . —
N .C . , M a y 1977 __________________________________________________
N o r f o l k —V i r g i n i a B e a c h ^ P o r t s m o u t h and
N e w p o r t N e w s — am pto n, V a .— . C . , M a y 1977_______________
H
N
N o r t h e a s t P e n n s y l v a n i a , Aug. 1977 1___________________________
O k lahom a C ity , O k l a . , Aug. 1977 1
_____________________________
Om aha, N e b r . —
Iow a , Oct. 1977 1 _______________________________
P a t e r s o n —C lifto n —P a s s a i c , N . J . , June 1977 ___________________
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . - N . J . , N ov. 1977______________________________
P it ts b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1977_______________________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , D ec. 1977_____________________________________
P o r t l a n d , Oreg.*—W a s h . , M a y 1977 1____________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie , N . Y . , June 1977 ________________________________
P o u g h k e e p s ie — i n g s to n — ew b u rg h , N . Y . , June 197 6 ________
K
N
P r o v i d e n c e —W a r w i c k —P a w tu ck e t, R . I . —
M a s s . , June 1 9 77 1 ______________________________________________
R ic h m o n d , V a . , June 1977* _____________________________________
St. L o u i s , M o . - I l l . , M a r . 1977 _________________________________
S a c r a m e n t o , C a l i f . , D ec. 1976 _________________________________
Sa gin aw , M i c h . , N ov. 1977_______________________________________
Salt L a k e C ity—Ogden, Utah, N ov. 1977_______________________
San A n to n io , T e x . , M a y 1977 1__________________________________
San D i e g o , C a l i f . , Nov. 1976____________________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 ____________________
O
San J os e , C a l i f . , M a r . 1977 _____________________________________
S e a t tle —E v e r e t t , W a sh ., Jan 1977 1_____________________________
South Bend, Ind., A u g . 1977 1___________________________________
S y r a c u s e , N. Y . , July 1976_______________________________________
T o l e d o , Ohio— i c h . , M a y 1977 _________________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N .J . , Sept. 1977________________________________________
U t i c a - R o m e , N . Y . , J u l y l 9 7 7 ‘ _________________________________
W ash ingto n , D . C . — d .—V a . , M a r . 1977 _______________________
M
W ic h ita , K a n s ., A p r . 1 9 7 7 1 _____________________________________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , A p r . 1977 __________________________________
Y o r k , P a . , F eb . 1977 ____________________________________________

1

B u lle tin number
and p r i c e *
1950-57,
1950-14,
1950-3,
1950-27,
1950-7,
1950-5,
1950-31,

$1 .00
$1.10
$ 1.6 0
$1.00
$1.60
$1.60
$1.20

1950-20, 70 cents
1950-21,
1950-38,
1950-49,
1950-55,
1950-34,
1950-62,
1950-1,
1950-69,
1950-32,
1950-25,
1900-55,

70 cents
$1.10
$1.10
$1.10
70 cents
$1.20
$1.50
70 cents
$1.20
70 cents
55 cents

1950-22,
1950-23,
1950-10,
1900-71,
1950-59,
1950-68,
1950-24,
1900-79,
1950-29,
1950-19,
1950-12,
1950-51,
1900-44,
1950-18,
1950-47,
1950-37,
1950-11,
1950-16,
1950-15,
1950-6,

$1.20
$1.10
$1.20
55 cents
70 cents
80 cents
$1.10
55 cents
$1.20
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
55 cents
80 cents
70 cents
$1.10
$1.20
$1.10
70 cents
$1.10

Prices are d e te rm in e d by the G o ve rn m e n t P rin tin g O ffic e and are su b jec t to change.
D a ta on e sta b lis h m e n t p rac tic e s and su p p lem e n ta ry wage provisio n s are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212
Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail
Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region 11
1

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P 0. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
>371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone:881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (AreaCode816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII

VIII

IX

X

Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
Washington

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102