View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

3 ;

Area Wage Survey
Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, December 1976
Bulletin 1900-76
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




Preface
T h i s b u lle tin p r o v i d e s r e s u l t s o f a D e c e m b e r 1976 s u r v e y
o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s and s u p p le m e n ta r y w a g e b e n e fits in the
A k r o n , O h io , Stan dar d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ( P o r t a g e and
Su m m it C o u n tie s ).
T h e s u r v e y w as m a d e as p a r t o f th e B u re au
o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s ' annual a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m , w h ic h is
d e s i g n e d to y i e l d data f o r in d iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s as w e l l
as n a tio n a l and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s f o r a l l Standard M e t r o p o l i t a n
S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a s in the Unite d S ta te s , exc lu d in g A l a s k a and
Hawaii.
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t i o n in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m
is the ne e d to d e s c r i b e the l e v e l and m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s in a
v a r i e t y o f l a b o r m a r k e t s , th ro ugh th e a n a l y s i s o f ( 1 ) th e l e v e l
and d is tr ib u t io n o f w a g e s by oc c u p atio n , and ( 2 ) the m o v e m e n t
o f w a g e s b y o c c u p a tio n a l c a t e g o r y and s k ill l e v e l .
The p ro gram
d e v e l o p s i n f o r m a t i o n that m a y be used f o r m a n y p u r p o s e s , i n ­
clu din g w a g e and s a l a r y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n , c o l l e c t i v e b a r g a i n i n g ,
and a s s i s t a n c e in d e t e r m i n i n g plant l o c a t io n .
S u r v e y r e s u l t s a ls o
a r e used by th e U.S. D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r to m a k e w a g e d e t e r ­
m in a tio n s under the S e r v i c e C o n t r a c t A c t o f 1965.
C u r r e n t l y , 84 a r e a s a r e included in the p r o g r a m .
(S ee
l i s t o f a r e a s on i n s id e bac k c o v e r . )
In eac h a r e a , oc c u p a tio n a l
e a r n in g s data a r e c o l l e c t e d an nually.
In f o r m a t i o n on e s t a b l i s h ­
m en t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n t a r y w a g e b e n e fits is ob ta ined e v e r y
th ird y ea r.




E ach y e a r a f t e r a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s have
b een c o m p l e t e d , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle tin s a r e i s s u e d .
The firs t
b rin g s t o g e t h e r data f o r each m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s u r v e y e d ; the
s eco nd p r e s e n t s na tion al and r e g i o n a l e s t i m a t e s , p r o j e c t e d f r o m
ind iv id u al m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a data.

T h e A k r o n s u r v e y w a s conduct ed by th e B u r e a u 's r e ­
g io n a l o f f i c e in C h i c a g o , I l l i n o i s , under the g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f
L o is L. O r r , A ssista n t R e g io n a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r Operations.
T h e s u r v e y could not h a ve b een a c c o m p l i s h e d with ou t the c o o p e r a ­
t i o n o f th e m a n y f i r m s w h o s e w a g e and s a l a r y data p r o v i d e d the
b a s is f o r th e s t a t i s t i c a l i n f o r m a t i o n in th is b ulletin.
T h e B ure au
w is h e s to e x p r e s s s i n c e r e a p p r e c i a t i o n f o r t h e
c o o p e r a ti o n
received.

N o te :
C u r r e n t l i s t i n g s o f union w a g e ra te s in th e A k r o n a r e a
a r e a v a i l a b l e f o r buil din g t r a d e s , p r i n ti n g t r a d e s , l o c a l - t r a n s i t
o p e r a t i n g e m p l o y e e s , l o c a l t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s , and g r o c e r y
store em p lo yees.
F r e e c o p i e s o f t h e s e a r e a v a i l a b l e f r o m the
B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e s .
(S e e b ac k c o v e r f o r a d d r e s s e s . )

A rea W age Survey:

Bulletin 1900-76

Akron, Ohio,

M arch 1977

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, Ray Marshall, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS, Julius Shiskin, Commissioner

M etropolitan Area
Decem ber 1976

Contents
I n t r o d u c t i o n _________________________________________

Page
2

Page
T a b l e s — Continued
B.

Tables:
A.

E a rn in g s :
A - l . W e e k l y e arn in g s o f o f f i c e w o r k e r s . . .
3
A - 2 . W e e k l y e a r n in g s o f p r o f e s s i o n a l
and t e c h n ic a l w o r k e r s _______________
5
A - 3 . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e arn in g s o f o f f i c e ,
p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n ic a l
w o r k e r s , by s e x _____________________
6
A - 4 . H o u r l y e a r n in g s o f m ain te n an c e ,
t o o l r o o m , and p ow e rp la n t
w o r k e r s ________________________________
7
A - 5 . H o u r l y e arn in g s o f m a t e r i a l
m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ial
w o r k e r s ________________________________
8
A - 6 . A v e r a g e h o u r ly e arning s of
m ain te n an c e , t o o l r o o m , p o w e r plant, m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t , and
c u s to d ia l w o r k e r s , by s e x -------------- 1 0
A - 7 . P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s in a v e r a g e
h o u r l y e arnin gs f o r s e le c te d
o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , adjusted
f o r e m p lo y m e n t s h i f t s --------------------- 1 1




E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p r o v i s i o n s :
B - l . M i n i m u m entran ce s a l a r i e s
f o r in e x p e r i e n c e d ty p ists
and c l e r k s _____________________________
B - 2 . L a t e shift pay p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e m anufac tu rin g plant
w o r k e r s ________________________________
B - 3 . Scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and days
of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift
w o r k e r s ________________________________
B - 4 . Annual paid ho lid a ys f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s ________________________________
B - 5 . P a i d v a c a tio n p r o v i s i o n s f o r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s ____________________
B - 6 . H e alth , in s u ran ce , and p ensio n
plan p r o v i s i o n s f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s ________________________________

Ap p e n d ix A .
A p p e n d ix B.

12

13

14
15
16

19

Scope and m et hod o f s u r v e y ------------ 21
O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s -------------- 26

For sale by the Superintendent o f D ocum ents,
O ffic e ,

W ashington,

D. C.

O ffic e s lis te d on back c o v e r.
Superintendent o f D ocum ents.

20402,

G PO

U .S .

G overn m en t Printing

Bookstores,

P ric e 85 cents.

or

BLS

R e g io n a l

M ake checks p ayab le to




Introduction
T h is a r e a is 1 o f 84 in which the U.S.
D e p a rt m e n t o f L a b o r ' s B u re au o f L a b o r S ta tis tic s
conducts s u r v e y s o f oc c u p atio n al e a r n in g s and r e ­
la te d b e n e f its .
In th is a r e a , data w e r e obta ined by
p e r s o n a l v i s i t s o f B ureau f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to r e ­
p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts within s i x b ro a d industr y
d i v i s i o n s : M an u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i ­
cation, and ot h e r public u t i l i t ie s ; w h o l e s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n ce , and r e a l esta te ;
and s e r v i c e s .
M a j o r in d ustr y group s e xclud ed f r o m
th es e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a tio n s and the c o n ­
s tr u c tion and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s trie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts
ha vin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d nu m b e r o f w o r k e r s
a r e o m itte d b e ca u s e o f ins uffic ie nt e m p lo y m e n t in
the occup ations studied.
S e p arate ta bula tion s a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r each o f th e b road ind us try d i v i s i o n s
w h ic h m e e t p ub li catio n c r i t e r i a .

n u r s e s , s k ille d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s w o r k e r s , and
u n sk ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e r e p o s s i b l e , data a r e
p r e s e n te d f o r a l l i n d u s tr i e s , m a n u fa c tu rin g, and
nonm anu fa cturin g.
T h i s ta b le p r o v i d e s a m e a s u r e o f
w a g e tr e n d s a f t e r e l i m i n a t i o n o f changes in a v e r a g e
e a r n in g s cau sed by e m p lo y m e n t shifts amon g e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts as w e l l as t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts i n ­
clud ed in s u r v e y s a m p l e s .
F o r f u r th e r d e t a i l s , see
appendix A .

B - s e r i e s ta b le s
T h e B - s e r i e s ta b le s p r e s e n t i n fo rm a tio n on
m in im u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; late
shift p ay p r o v i s i o n s and p r a c t i c e s f o r plant w o r k e r s
in m anu fac tu rin g; and data s e p a r a t e l y f o r plant and
o f f i c e w o r k e r s on scheduled w e e k l y ho ur s and days
o f f i r s t - s h i f t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ;
and health, in s u r a n c e , and pension plans.

A - s e r i e s t a b le s
T a b l e s A - l th ro ugh A - 6 p r o v i d e e s t i m a t e s
o f s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y o r h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r w o r k ­
e r s in occupations c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m a n u f a c ­
tu ring and nonm anufa cturing in d u s tr ie s . Occupations
w e r e s e l e c t e d f r o m the f o l l o w i n g c a t e g o r i e s :
(a)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l , (b) p r o f e s s i o n a l and te c h n i c a l , (c)
m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m , and p o w e r p la n t, and (d) m a t e ­
r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s to d ia l.
In the 31 l a r g e s t
s u r v e y a r e a s , t a b le s A - l a through A - 6 a p r o v i d e
s i m i l a r data f o r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k ­
ers or m ore.

A p p e n d ix e s
A p p e n d ix A d e s c r i b e s the m ethod s and c o n ­
cepts used in the a r e a w a g e s u r v e y p r o g r a m .
It
p r o v i d e s in f o r m a t i o n on the s c op e o f the a r e a s u r v e y ,
on the a r e a ' s i n d u s tr ia l c o m p o s i t i o n in m a n u f a c t u r ­
ing, and on l a b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c o v e r a g e .

T a b l e A - 7 p r o v i d e s p e r c e n t changes in a v ­
e r a g e h o u r ly e arn in g s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s ,
e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g w o r k e r s , in d u s trial

A p p e n d ix B p r o v i d e s job d e s c r i p t i o n s used
by B ure au f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s to c l a s s i f y w o r k e r s by
o ccup ation.

2

A. Earnings
Table A-1. W eekly earnings of office workers in Akron, Ohio, December 1976
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s
s

Average
weekl y
(standard)

90
Mean *
■

Median

^

Middle ranged

s

s
>

$

%

$

4

$

receiving straight-time w e e k l y earning

s

£

$

S

£

£

of ---

s

£

$

5

£

s

£

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

320

X 10

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

280

260

280

300

320

over

64

130
l i e

141

80
58

88

24

11

15

122

72

23

12

and
unde r
100

and

ALL W O R K E R S
S E C R E T A R I E S ----------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

1 ,7 4 4

3 9.5

$
2 0 0 .0 0

$
1 9 9 .0 0

$
$
1 6 7 .0 0 -2 3 4 .0 0

15

24

101

125

116

129

2 0 5 .5 0

-

3

8

41

76

117
91

145

2 0 5 .5 0

110
59

168

4 0 .0

33
17

108

1 ,3 3 4

115

112

86

113

93

104

-

26

53

33

15

12

23

25

12

19

22

16

1

11
-

10

4

1

2

15

24

11

17

22

15

1

-

1

4

2

4

8

13

n

21

27

65

7

4

2

12

10

21

27

61

7

4

1

34
34

35

37

21

15

4

-

35

36

21

8

4

-

11
9

*

7

*

*

2

8

7
7

2

410

3 8.5

1 8 2 .5 0

1 7 5 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 3 7 .0 0
1 4 8 . 0 0 —2 1 8 . 0 ( 5

12

16

16

23

51

32

126

4 0.0

2 3 1 .0 0

2 3 4 .5 0

2 1 9 .0 0 -2 5 1 .5 0

-

-

-

-

3

-

*

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S A --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

182

4 0.0

2 4 8 .5 0

2 5 6 .0 0

-

-

-

_

4

-

-

159

4 0.0

2 5 4 .0 0

25,9.00

2 3 0 .5 0 -2 6 8 .0 0
2 4 0 .5 0 -2 6 9 .n o

-

-

-

7

10
6

s e c r e t a r i e s , c l a s s e --------------m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------- --------------n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -------------------

367

3 9.5

2 1 5 .0 0

2 1 1 .5 0

1 8 5 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

8

16

43

41

28

38

32

290

4 0 .0

2 2 1 .0 0

2 2 1 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 4 1 .0 0

-

77

3 8 .5

1 9 3 .0 0

1 7 8 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 7 .0 0

-

67S
544

4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 9 2 .0 0

1 8 6 .0 0

1 9 1 .5 0

131

3 9.0

1 9 6 .0 0

1 8 6 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0 -2 4 0 .0 0

65

*0 .0

2 2 8 .0 0

2 4 0 .0 0

•50

161.0 0 -2 2 2 .5 0
1 6 ).0 0 -2 1 6 .5 0

3 9.5

221

4 0.0

173

3 8.5

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , G E N E R A L --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------— -------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

270

1 5 3 .5 0

180

*0 .0
*0 .0

90

3 9.5

S T E N O G R A P H E R S , S E N I O R ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

404

3 9 .5

1 8 9 .0 0

1 3 8 .0 0

4 0.0

1 9 3 .5 0

1 9 3 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0 -2 1 9 .5 0

83

3 8.0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 2 .0 0

T R A N S C R I B I N G - M A C H I N E T Y P I S T S -------

35

1 5 6 .0 0

1 4 7 .5 ,;

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S A ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

193

4 0 .0

1 5 9 .5 0

130

4 0 .C
3 9.5

1 6 4 .0 0
1 6 4 .ec

1 6 0 .5 0

1 6 3 .5 0

1 5 9 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , C L A S S B ---------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

339

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .0 0

149

4 0 .0

1 3 7 .5 0

-

_

63

1 6 8 .0 0

1

-

-

1

-

9

22

30

24

29

28

*

*

3

8

7

21

11

4

9

4

2

10
5

33

50
38

66

62

74

71

43

49

41

26

55

56

58

52

40

49

38

5

7

12

11

6

16

19

3

-

3

-

3

-

*

*“

9

3

”

3

1
1
-

2
-

-

-

-

_

2

“

1

3
-

-

-

-

-

-

1 6 5 .5 0 -2 1 5 .0 0

321

o

394

o

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S P --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

•t-

S E C R E T A R I E S , C L A S S C --------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------— --- ----n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

-

51

34

37

47

26

22

26

24

12

30
14

21

21

26

35

23

19

24

11

16

30

13

11

12

3

3

2

8

55

35

43

19

42

23

32

9

12

23
8

10

7

11
9

16

17

13
c

-

8

1

13

12

11

2

7

7

15

16
4

13

13
7

38
32

27
24

30
29

3

14

22

1 6 5 .5 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

1 7 1 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0

1 5 0 .5 0 -1 9 3 .5 0

-

2

6

1 6 4 .5 0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 3 5 .0 0 -2 1 0 .0 0

-

12

16

1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 5 .0 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

7
-

17

1 5 2 .5 0

1 5 0 .0 0
1 4 7 .5 0

1 5 6 .0 0

1 5 0 .0 0

1 3 7 .0 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

7

23

49

49

43
6

40
9

3

2

-

28
14

14

21

36
19

13

17

14

4

2

-

-

2

1 3 4 .0 0 -2 1 3 .5 0

-

4

-

12

6

6

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 8 .5 0

-

i

3

2

8

5

4

1 4 5 .0 0 -1 8 4 .0 0

-

10

6

12

34

1 4*.0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0

•
-

10

5

10

1 5 0 .0 0 -1 7 0 .0 0

-

-

-

1

1 2 6 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0

14

47

77

1 3 2 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 4 8 ,5 0

8

11

15

53
24

12

1

2

*

1

46

39

27

45

33
6

12

10

3

1

15

22

5

12
12
-

-

1

6

13

22

5

•

*

4

.

-

1

-

-

3

32

26

7

12

3

2

i

12

23

5

3

3

-

-

-

5

10
9

-

-

1

1

*

”

*

30

42

65

30

30

65

12

*

-

5

2

2

19

7

1

“

“

12

2

1

2

-

2

16

8

4

-

5

4

3

*

11

15
9

15

10
7

3

6

1

3

-

49

24

13

6

14

9

8

1

34

12

5

8

3

7

1

6

1

-

1

6

1

*

*

13

1

9

-

9

-

-

-

-

1

“

-

-

-

.

-

-

*

“

-

-

_
-

-

-

_

-

.

3
3

l

1

1

1

2
2

-

*

-

-

-

-

•
-

-

-

"

1

-

*
6

8

-

190

3 9.0

1 3 6 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0 -1 3 3 .0 0

6

36

62

29

15

20
4

I

1

6

43

4 0.0

2 0 7 .0 0

2 3 1 .0 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

5

-

1

1

6

50

3 9.5

1 6 8 .5 0

1 6 5 .5 0

1 4 3 .5 0 -2 0 0 .0 0

-

-

-

5

6

7

5

3

3

1

6

124

3 9 .5

1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0

3

11

17

34

9

6

7

9

11

5

2

35
89

4 0.0

1 4 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .5 0

1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 7 .5 0

2

3

-

5

5

5

5

3

3

3

-

1

3 9.0

1 4 0 .0 0

1 2 5 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

1

8

17

29

4

1

2

6

8

2

2

8

FILE CLERKS, CLAS S C
NONMANUFACTURING •

90
71

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0

100.0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

21

34

10

6

1

9

1

5

•

.

-

-

3

-

•

1 1 5 .0 0

1 0 2 . 0C

100.0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

16

32

5

5

1

-

9

*

*

-

*

*

*

3

*

-

M E S S E N G E R S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --- —

98

4 0 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

9

14

24

14

13

8

6

4

1

1

-

-

2

1

-

77

4 0.0

1 2 4 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0

1 0 9 . 5 0 - 1 3 7 . CO

8

13

17

13

12

5

4

3

1

_
-

1

FILE CLERKS,

CLASS

A -----------------

FILE CLERKS, CLAS S 8 M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----NONMANUFACTURING —

9
9

6

8

6

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

.
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

*

1

*

*

.

-

*

1

-

-

-

-

*

_

-

-

-

-

>
S e e fo o tn o te s

at end o f t a b le s .




3

T able A-1. W e e kly earnings of office w orkers in A k ro n , O hio, D ecem ber 1976 — Continued
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and in dus try di vision

Number
of
workers

Num be r o f w o rk ers re c e iv in g stra ig h t- tim e w eek ly earn in gs o f—

(standard)

S

s

Average
w eekly

90
M ean ^

M edian ^

M iddle ranged

%

$

s

$

$

i

S

*

S

s

*

s

*

s

*

$

i

$

100

n o

12 0

130

140

15 0

160

170

160

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

269

260

300

320

110

12Q

130

140

150

16 0

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

280

300

320

over

*

1

7

-

-

-

and
under
100

and

ALL WORKERS—
CONTINUED
$

$

$

K C

25
52

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

UKULN

it

l

LM j j

A

3 8 .5

1 8 1 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0

186

3 9 .5

1 4 7 .0 0

1
1

1 6 8 .0 0 -2 0 6 .0 0

1 4 0 .0 0
148 * j 0

1

1
1

t4

1 3 2 .0 0
1 2 6 .5 C -1 5 9 .5 0

7

-

3
1

39

n

26

35

24

11

3

XJ

L L t i 'i ' j ?

l/ L K J J

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.

A L v i/ v jir i i r . u

fc
J

" "

■ "" " ■■■

g

CLASS

OLCnn j »

8
6

■

6

5

-

-

-

8

11

13

b

-------------------

552

4 0 .0

2 0 8 .0 0

2 1 6 .0 0

1 7 3 .5 0 -2 3 4 .0 0

-

-

8

4

15

27

14

32

61

20

22

u
n

46

79

lj

i ? * *5 9

34

150a50

34

39

8

1

7

-

i

26
25

38
38

i

3

51
23
28

24
18

14

9

12

*
9

~
—

8

34

84

“
“

3

2

25

A

”

“

6

C C J » 1 Ij
.1
U K U tN

12

*

6

12

1

1
1

2
2

1
1

3
3

14

3
3

5

9

11
3

8

1

1
1

*

“

*

*

”
”

“

1

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS.
10
3

13
1U • . j U

1

L J *. uU

*

i

2 3 4 .0 0
1
1
a

[V t.T r tjn v t i

v > L ’VA 1 v >* J v

vL Aj w

* *f . u V

w J " t I* v

}

ft

1
32

U

34
25

S e e fo o tn o te s

at end o f ta b le s .




4

1

1
1

3

?

—

2

i
i
1

6

2

23
23

*

*

4
2

1

“
*

T ab le A -2 . W e e kly earnings of professional and technical w orkers in A kro n , O hio, D ecem ber 1976
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)
Number

Occupation and in d us try division
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w e e k ly e a r n in g s o f --S

S

no

w eekly
hours1
(standard]

M ean

*

M edian

*

M iddle range*

S
120

s

S
130

140

S

S

S
150

160

180

S

1

200

220

S
240

S
260

s
280

S

S
300

320

s
340

S

S
360

380

s

$
400

420

1

440

and
under
120

----460

and
130

140

150

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

over

ALL WORKERS

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------— --------------

$

$

$

113
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 8 3 .5 0
3 9 3 .0 0

3 7 8 .0 0
3 8 6 .5 0

3 5 1 .0 0 -4 1 4 .5 0
3 6 8 .0 0 -4 1 8 .0 0

“

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

109
97

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 3 9 .5 0
3 4 2 .0 0

3 3 9 .0 0
3 3 8 .0 0

3 1 6 .5 0 -3 6 3 .5 0
3 1 6 .5 0 -3 6 1 .5 0

*

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
CLASS A
MANUFACTURING

149
127

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

3 3 3 .0 0
3 4 0 .5 0

3 3 1 .5 0
3 4 0 .5 0

3 0 0 .0 0 -3 6 3 .0 0
3 0 6 .5 0 -3 6 7 .0 0

•

“

198
164
34

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 7 8 .5 0
2 8 4 .0 0
2 5 1 .5 0

2 7 8 .0 0
2 8 3 .0 0
2 5 6 .0 0

2 5 5 .5 0 -3 0 2 .0 0
2 6 0 .0 0 -3 1 0 .5 0
2 4 0 .0 0 -2 7 5 .0 0

-

-

75
53

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 2 4 .5 0
2 3 3 .5 0

2 2 2 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0

2 1 1 .0 0 -2 5 0 .5 0
2 1 9 .5 0 -2 5 3 .0 0

-

97
71

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 8 .0 0
2 4 9 .5 0

2 4 9 .5 0
2 5 9 .5 0

2 3 8 .5 0 -2 7 1 .5 0
2 3 1 .0 0 -2 7 3 .5 0

.
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------------MANUFACTURING ---------- — -------- -------- -----NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------- --------

164
118
46

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

2 1 8 .5 0
2 2 2 .0 0

2 1 9 .5 0
2 1 8 .0 0

1 9 5 .5 0 -2 4 3 .0 0
1 9 8 .5 0 -2 4 9 .0 0

_
-

1
1

3 9.0

209 .50

2 20 .50

1 86 .5 0 -2 3 3 .0 0

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62
34

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 0 .0 0

1 7 5 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 5 4 .0 0 -1 9 0 .0 0
1 4 4 ,5 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

1
1

_

1

9

*

*

9

DRAFTERS. CLASS A --------------------- --------------MANUF ACT URI NG ----------------- — ------ ----------

340

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 9 5 .5 0
2 9 8 .0 0

2 7 5 .5 0
2 7 0 .5 0

2 4 7 .0 0 -3 1 8 .5 0
2 4 2 .0 0 -3 2 6 .5 0

-

-

•

•

266

-

-

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS B --------------------- -------- -----MANUFACTURING ------ --------------------------------

273
255

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 3 2 .0 0
2 2 8 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0
2 2 4 . 0C

1 9 0 .0 0 -2 6 4 .5 0
1 8 9 .5 0 -2 5 7 .5 0

-

DRAFTERS, CLASS C ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------- — ----------

140
51

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 0 4 .5 0
1 7 3 .5 0

2 1 6 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0

1 7 2 .5 0 -2 2 5 .0 0
1 4 6 .0 0 -2 0 2 .5 0

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS ----------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------- -------- ------

13 1
95

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 4 6 .0 0
2 5 3 .0 0

2 5 7 .5 0
2 7 0 .0 0

2 2 3 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
2 2 3 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

-

-

“

*

*

*

*

*

“

1
1

2
*

*

*

*

*

4
4

1
1

*

”

*

*

*

1
1

2
1

10
6

-

-

10
10

-

..

“

_

•

3

“

*

2

10
7
3

2

*

2

1
2

-

-

5

*

*

15
7

16
12

23
23

15
15

17
16

11
11

4
4

6
6

9
5

18
18

22
22

20
19

18
17

8
4

2
2

*

1
1

4
4

3
1

19
14

28
21

22
19

21
21

17
17

16
16

4
4

1
1

4
4

1
1

43
35
8

44
37
7

20
20

19
18

13
13

*

33
22
11

1

*

13

*

1

1
*

-

-

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

2
2

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

•

-

-

-

•

(BUSINESS).

MANUFACTURING ---------- COMPUTER OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING

*

(B USINESS).

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------- —
NONMANUFACTURING ---------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

$

CLASS A

ELECTRONICS TEC HN ICI AN S,

1

3

1

*

*

1

3
2

24
14

21
16

11

6
6

2
2

-

-

-

4
4

.

-

*

4
4

2
1

9
7

6
5

33
15

20
20

17
13

1

1

1
-

13
12
1

29
14

30
30

37

1

7
2
5

27
20

2
2

15

“

7

13
12
1

7
1

19
12

14
4

10
7

-

•

1

1
1

•

-

-

3
3

18
18

42
42

56
46

2
2

1
1

*

49
49

32
32

32
32

45
45

-

5
5

4
4

19
17

10
2

32
8

-

6

1
1

12
6

13
13

-

*

6

2
2

-

_

•

•

6

*

-

*

-

-

-

*

*

*

-

-

1

1

-

1

1
1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

_

65
50

47
32

30
16

14
14

1
1

1
1

8
8

14
14

17
17

20
20

3
3

34
34

28
23

28
15

A
4

7
7

4
4

6

1
1

-

-

-

-

39
4

22
2

.

24
24

14
2

23
11

3
2

2
2

2
2

21
16

1
1
38
38

CLASS A -

47

4 0 .0

2 6 9 .0 0

2 7 2 .5 0

2 5 7 .5 0 -2 9 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

1

12

14

17

ELECTRONICS TEC HN ICI AN S, CLASS B MANUFACTURING -------------------------------- ------

52
52

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 6 .5 0
2 5 6 .5 0

2 7 5 .5 0
2 7 5 .5 0

2 3 0 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0
2 3 0 .0 0 -2 8 3 .0 0

-

-

-

•

-

•

*

*

-

2
2

6
6

12
12

2
2

9
9

21
21

ELECTRONICS TEC HN ICIAN S.

CLASS C -

32

4 0 .0

1 9 5 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0 -2 2 3 .0 0

-

-

-

-

6

1

10

4

11

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES -----------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

58
56

2 5 4 . 5C
2 5 4 .5 0

2 3 7 .0 0 -2 6 5 .0 0
2 3 7 .0 C -2 6 4 .0 0

.

-

.

.

-

•

.

8
8

10
9

13
13

20
20

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 5 7 .0 0
2 5 6 .5 0

*

S e e fo o t n o t e s a t end o f t a b le s .




5

6

Table A -3 . Average w ee k ly earnings of office, professional, and technical w orkers, by sex
in A kro n , O hio, D ecem ber 1976
A verage
(m ean 2 )

Sex,

3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

W eek ly
hours 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

Average
(m ean 2 )

Sex,

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - HEN

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

Number
of
worken

W eekly
Ho ur 1
standard)

W eekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED

$
56

40.0 124.00 r I L

33
33

40.0 233.50
40.0 233.50

62
50

-

C L tH Iv j

^ LL m j j

Sex,

3

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

W eekly
hours 1
standard)

90
71

C

r- fr,
-i

39.5 115.00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),

27
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

144
123

$
283.50
2 09. j 0
40.0
40.0 236.00

(BUSINESS),

74
52

38.5 144.00

36

81

151.50

63

,/
v

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
1,743
1,333
410
126

39.5
40.0
38.5
40. C

200.00
205.50
182.50
231.00

£r

182
159

248.50
254.00

366
289
77

39.5 215.50
40.0 221.50
38.5 193.00

226

544
131
65

*0.0
40.0
39.0
40.0

192.00
191.50
196.00
223.00

277

394
221

173

39.5 168.00
40.0 171.00
3 8 . 5 164.50

_.
.

35

164.00
164.00
163.50

337

40.0 162.00

45

97
._ .

39.5
40.0 << J. ./0
_.

.

^

tOj.OJ

r

_

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS A-

40.0 269.00

OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

112

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

40.0 384.00
40.0

83

ING

—

——

*

a t end o f t a b le s .

6

341.00
40.0 342.00

137

169.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS C-

158.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

m anufa c t u r




179.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS, CLASS B-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

S ee fo o tn o te s

228.00
„^ ,

lo o « r
.
;5.
.

39.5 136.00
40.0

/.A A
,?

CLAj S b

149

FILE CLERKS, CLASS A ----------------

245

' n
297.50
/A A
0*0

/*

40.0 156.00

193

332
278

T(

39.5 189.00
38.0 171.00

c

202.00

39.5 156.00

82

257.50

■+0.0 16j. j 0

ioj.bv

59
89

r,

n

153.50

403

W eekly
earnings 1
(standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

40.0 234.00
40.0 232.00

t

A verage
(m ean 2 )
Number
of
worken

333.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
^ .^Ti r4<i.

(BUSINESS),

ar
»

220.00
^^ ,

CLA->- C

bt

257.30

Table A -4 .

H ourly earnings of m a in ten a n c e , toolroom , and p o w e rp la n t w orkers in A k ro n , O hio, D ecem ber 1976
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s tr a ig h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a rn in g s o f ---

Hourly earnings 4

s
S
S
$
s
*
5
"S—
1 -----S
S
%
S
S
$
S
S
4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5 .80 6 .00 6.20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.00 7.20 7.40 7.60 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 9.00
$

Number
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n
workers

Mean 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range 2

U n der

4. 60

ALL W O R K E R S

$

s

133
125

,

and

4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6 .00 6 .20 6.40 6.60 6.80 7.0Q 7.20 7.40 7,80 7.80 8.00 8.20 8.40 8.60 9.00 9.40

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ------ -M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

$

$

$

-$

6.72
6.74

6.95
7.05

6.4C- 7.05
6.40- 7.05

2
2

4
4

540
504

7.02
7.03

7.05
7.05

6.54- 7.13
6.54- 7.13

-

4

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

87
83

6.72
6.78

6.94
6.94

6.31- 6.97
6.31- 6.97

1

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S -------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

297
297

6.87
6.87

7.05
7.05

6.54- 7.05
6.54- 7.05

-

M A I N T E N A N C E M E C H A N I C S ( M AC HI NE RY ) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------ ---

803
768

6.92
6.95

7.03
7.05

6.54- 7.05
6.54- 7.05

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(M OT OR V E H I C L E S ) --------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------— ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U P I N G -----------------P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ----------------

511
121
390
349

7.47
6.83
7.67
7.80

7.93
6.54
7.93
7.96

7.036.347.357.93-

M A I N T E N A N C E P I P E F I T T E R S ------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ ---------

432
432

7.02
7.02

7.05
7.05

6.90- 7.05
6.90- 7.05

-

- m e t a l w o r k e r s --M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

107
107

7.11
7.11

7.05
7.05

6.99- 7.05
6.99- 7.05

-

-

M I L L W R I G H T S ---------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

86
86

7.94
7.94

8.54
8.54

7.13- 8.54
7.13- 8.54

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A O E S H E L P E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

88
88

5.73
5.73

5.77
5.77

5.27- 6.01
5.27- 6.01

M A C H I N E - T O O L O P E R A T O R S (TOO LR OO M) M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

135
135

6.88
6.88

7.13
7.13

6.39- 7.13
6.39- 7.13

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

142
142

7.03
7.03

7.07
7.07

6.75- 7.07
6.75- 7.07

B O I L E R T E N D E R S ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------

40
36

6.59
6.71

6.57
6.80

5.99- 6.96
6.)3- 6.96

sheet

S e e fo o tn o te s

$

--

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S — -----------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------- — ---

maintenance

$

7.97
7.13
7.97
7.97

-

-

1

-

2

-

-

*

8
8

13
13

4
4

-

-

-

4

-

“

9
9

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2
2

*
4
4
4
4

”

3
3

no
102

192
191
11
11

25
25

2

“

•

-

43
43

7
7

3
3

14
14

14
8

9
9

44
44

18
4

9

9
6
3

-

4
4

8
6

-

-

2

9

-

-

-

“

_

*

18
18

-

-

4
4

-

-

_

-

-

*

-

-

_

-

2
2

2
2

12
12

5

5

6

-

5

5

6

-

*

6
6

4
4
12
12

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

12

-

6
6

-

-

65
65

_

-

6
5

-

-

-

7
7

-

*

-

-

“

-

2
2

25
25

175
175

-

-

-

8
8

111
107

6
6

168
161

326
326

4
*

-

_

*

*

7
5

8
6

32
32

9

2

2

-

-

28
8
20
11

66
20
46
45

-

83
83

2
.
*
*
-

16
16

51
51

2
2

6
6

3
3

*

15
15

18
18

9
9

-

3
3

_

-

.

*

-

*

13
13

7
7

5
5
2
2

*

“

-

*

-

*

-

-

-

4

-

8
8

6

6

“

-

1

-

l

-

-

-

*

6

9

6

-

-

9
9

6
-

223
223

.

-

-

-

-

3

67
67

-

1
1

9
9

-

*

10
10

-

•

-

-

*

7
7

6
6

-

18
18
68
68

-

-

*

4
4

-

9

-

12
12

-

7

-

-

14
14

-

-

29
29

-

_

at end o f ta b le s .




61
60

10
10

-

-

11
10

88
76

-

12
12

12
11

4
2

-

*

13
11

6
6

-

-

15
15

14
14

-

-

*

6
6

-

-

8
8

3

-

202

2
200
200

92
16
76
76

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

25
25

11
11

19
19

71
71

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

16
16

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
_

-

13
13
61
61

-

-

-

-

-

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

62
62

-

-

-

-

25
25

_

7
7

•

-

-

.

-

Hi

10

.

-

-

1
1

24
24

-

4
4

4
4

3
3

4
4

.

-

-

-

-

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in A kron, O hio, D ecem b er 1976
Hourly ea mings

4

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

S
M ea n 2

M ed ian 2

M iddle range

*

2.30

2.40

2 .6 0

2.30

workers

S

2 .2 0

Numb,,
Occupation and industry division

i

1 ------ S

2.40

2 .6 0

2.80

-

-

I

receiving straight-time hourly earnings

3

3

I

T

5

*

S

2 .8 0

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4 .2 0

3.00

3.20

3.40

3.60

3.80

4.00

4.20

4

S

k

4.40

4. 60

4.60

5.

of --S

5. 00

$
5.40

$
5.80

6 .2 0

S
6.60

7 .0 0

S
7.40

5, 4Q

5,8ft

6,20

6 .6ft

7.00

7 .4fl

7.85

84
84
-

26
26
-

55
45
10

192
60
132

186
130
56

147
18
129

2

1

•

$

■ ------ T----5
7.80

8 .2 0

8 .2 0

over

and
under

• 4fl

Q
O

ALL WORKERS
T R U C K D R I V E R S ---- --------- ---MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK MANUFACTURING ------ -----TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM TRUCK
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK
(TRAILER) -----------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ NONMANUFACTURING ------ --PUBLIC UTILITIES
TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY TRUCK
(OTHER THAN TRAILER) -------

$
7.14
6.25
7.56
7.86

$
6.455.257.147.56-

$
7.86
6.76
7.86
7.86

4.075.09-

6.05
6.05

-

5.30

5.48
5.48

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

2

6.49
6.14
6.98

6.93
5.25
7.14

5.255.096.93-

7.32
8.01
7.14

•

.

.

.

.

-

_

•

.

530

7.26
6.51
7.51
7.75

7.56
6.76
7,ei
7.86

6.766.337.567.56-

7.86
6.76
7.86
7.86

73

6.47

6.45

6.45-

6.56

*

$
1,386
514
872
532
45
36
314
184
130

901
222

679

6 .8 8
6 .1 1

7.34
7.74
5.17

.

-

.

1

2

2

10

-

-

-

10

1

2

2

-

-

-

2

10

-

2

10

•

-

-

2

2

2

-

-

-

*

*

*

*

*

”

-

5
5

•

.

-

-

-

4
4

19
19

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

.

_

_

-

*

“

*

“

“

5
5

*

-

_

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

•

-

RECEIVING CLERKS ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

135

5.58
5.45
5.96

5.78
5.78
6.15

5.335.595.25-

6.18
6.17
6.59

SHIPPING AND RECEIVING CLERKS MANUFACTURING ----------------

131
111

5.06
5.10

5.00
5.35

4.334.49-

WAREHOUSEMEN -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------- ---

356
92
264

5.20
5.71

4.76
5.47

-

-

-

1

1

-

1

4.60

6.19
7.07
6.15

-

5.03

4.235.023.99-

*

*

2

*

ORDER F I L L E R S --------------- ---MANUFACTURING ---------- ----N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------ -----

457
51
406

5.44
5.05

•

_

-

-

.
-

6 .0 0

6.28
5.31
6.28

-

5.50

4.724.834.22-

-

4.98

*

*

SHIPPING P A C K E R S ------------ --MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTUFING ------------

149

4.48
4.50
4.42

4.29
4.35
4.22

3.943.7-94.22-

5.02
5.02
4.82

-

2

110

-

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS ---MANUFACTURING ---------------NONMANUFACTUFING -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

1,391
659
732
541

5.865.586.587.81-

7.81
6.93
7.81
7.81

-

7.80

6.93
5.86
7.81
7.81

FORKLIFT OPERATORS ------MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTUFING --------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---

1.138
939

6.24
6.08

199

7.00
7.78

6.62
6.60
7.14

5.415.266.0C7.76-

7.07
7.07
7.81
7.81

-

S e e fo o tn o te s

7.81

13
13

63
63

-

412
69
343
343

•

186
186

2

_

-

-

186

-

-

2

10

7
7

12

-

-

-

*

-

6

14

•

2

-

67
67

•

6

42
-

74

6

10
2
8

42

72

*

•

22

114
44

13
13
-

14

-

10

9
9
-

*

*

•

*

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

-

2

_

3

9

4

*

2

*

-

1

-

7
4

9
9

•

-

-

6

-

6

10
-

46
42
4

39
35
4

19
15

44
44

8

11

9
9

-

66

21

_

-

-

10
10

*

_
-

_
-

1

3

*

-

-

2

.

-

5

-

-

-

.

-

-

*

27
15

4

2

7

1

-

*

4

1

7

-

.

-

-

3
-

2

-

-

-

-

*

*

3

2

*

*

-

18
18

2

10

9

3
3

3
3

11

-

67
67
-

5

.

-

12

1

56

11

-

-

-

186
-

345

*

*

186
186

343
343

•

54

-

14

-

-

-

6

6

4

6

-

-

-

-

10
•

6
-

•

•

-

•

10

6

“

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

4

-

-

30
3
27

9

51

42

-

11

33
23

1

41

*

55

10

-

132
-

2

20
20

-

140
7

133

-

14
14

2

9
*

132

2

-

-

2

133

132

37
17

12

11

23

12

3

23

.
-

-

5

9

*

2

20

8

-

-

-

7
5

29
27

8

25

2

2

5
5
-

167
167
-

161
79
82

90

-

-

56

-

1

9

21

1

*

4

5

•

-

5

-

-

-

.

55
55

1

*

*

*

-

*

-

-

-

-

-

-

10

-

•
-

27
27
-

58
58

25
25
-

24
24
-

62
62
-

76
76
•

61
61

10

-

8

21

4

-

3
170
89
81

2

-

2

•

•

•

-

29
29

9

51

-

-

-

•

-

•

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

9
9

-

•
-

•
-

4

-

-

-

-

-

157
67

189
189

2

22
22
-

538

1

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

•

2
-

•

•
-

-

-

-

538
538

297
277

37

64

32

187
187

1

-

20

36

33
1

8

144

-

130
14

70

1

2

*

22
-

*

4

at end o f t a b le s .




10

1

-

5.64
5.64

98

•

-

*

6.42
6.59

5.93
7.32

10

10

-

4.853.80-

6 .6 6

25
15

*

-

5.47
6.15

39

2

-

2

-

5.59
5.43

6 .0 0

2

1

1

-

-

47
25

34

25
24

8

1

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------

101

19
19
-

1

36

3
61
61

-

7
7
-

T ab le A -5 .

Hourly earnings of m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial w orkers in A k ro n , O hio, D ecem b er 1 9 7 6 — Continued
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g

Hourly ea mings 4

S

S

I

J

s

$

S

$

I

s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—
$

1

$

S

i

$

S

$

T --------- i

$

S

2.20 2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60 5.00 5.40 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.80

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv is io n
workers

J

S

Number
Mean 2

M edian 2

M iddle range 2

and
u n der

8 .2 0

and

2.30 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20 4.40 4.60. 5.00 5,4Q 5.80 6.20 6.60 7.00 7.40 7.60

8 .2 0

over

A L L W O RKERS—
C O N T IN U E D
P O W E R -T R U C K

OPERATORS

(O T H E R

$

$

$

$

8

6.10- 6.53

.3

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , AND C L E A N E R S -----M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------- --------- -------

S e e fo o tn o te s

2,297
1,309

A.37
5.49

4.76
5.64

2.74- 5.77
5.A5- 5.94
2.30- 3.01

112
-

188
3

148
-

200
14
106

63

101
10

10
1

23
10
1J

at end o f t a b le s .




117
23

9

11
8

42
41
1

41
16

65
61

56
52

77
66

543
540

425
395

9

7

63
62
1

3
-

-

-

-




Table A -6. Average hourly earnings of m aintenance, toolroom ,
powerplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and custodial workers,
by sex, in Akron, Ohio, December 1976
S ex,

3

N um ber
of
w orkers

o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

, toolro o m ,
O C C U P A T IO N S -

m a in t e n a n c e

PO W E R PLAN T

A verage
(m ean1 )
h ourly
e arn in gs4

N um ber
of
workers

S e x , 3 o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

A verage
(m e a n ^ )
hourly
earnings 4

M A T E R IA L MOVEMENT AND C U S T O D IA L
O C C U P A T IO N S - MEN— C O N T IN U E D

ano

MEN
$

n H1

I t ' l Wn v t

v M *'* U tl 1 L i t J
$
1

1¥

f

H tU iU F

| KUVwiS

•

^^

"" "■

130
n A I N 1w r iA fi v t .

1 A ln lC K j
V 1K A l L t r ' )

*

" " "

u

679

6*87
6*87
M E C H A N IC S

(M A C H IN E R Y )

-

803

6.92

511
121

M A IN T E N A N C E

7.47
6.83

T R U C K D R IV E R S t

HEAVY

TR U C K

45
25

5.56
5.43

1JJ

A32
M A IN T E N A N C E

sh ee t

-

m etal

w orkers

107

—

7.11
7 9'
U K U tK

■*A A n 1 C rl

vC»

11, A U C ^

»1C C 1

r IL L C K o

m

m

1
1

51

5.73

'w

i JJ
i JJ
w 1A 1 1 U t i A * ' T

™

®

7.03

*

(• UJ
i Jc

O C C U P A T IO N S

-

MEN
P O W E R -T R U C K

’ p U B L ic U T IL iT IE S

--------- — -----------------

OPERATORS

(O T H E R

3J t

J A N l 1 U “ *>|

r v K Itn jf

ANU

v L t A I 'l t K i *

_____
S e e fo o tn o te s

a t en d o f ta b le s .

10

5.05




Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected
occupational groups, adjusted for em ploym ent shifts,
in Akron, Ohio, for selected periods
In du st r y and o c c u p a t i o n a l gr o u p
( m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d )

D e c e m b e r 1972
to
D e c e m b e r 1973

A l l industries:
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l __________________________________________ _
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s _______________________________ _
S ki ll ed m a i n t e n a n c e t r a d e s * * ______________________
U n s k il le d plant w o r k e r s * * _______________ ____________

6.4
*
5.3
6.5
7.7

M anufacturing:
O ffice c le r ic a l
_ _ _ _ _
_ _
_
___ _
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ______________ _ _ __________
I n d u s t ri a l n u r s e s ___________________________
_____
S k il le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s * * ________
___
_____
U n s k i l le d plant w o r k e r s * * _____ ____________ ________

5. 6
*
5.4
5.8
7.1

N o n m a n u fa c t u r in g :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ____________________________________________
E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g ____________________________
I n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ___________________________ _____________
Sk i l le d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s * * _____
________________
U n s k i ll e d plant w o r k e r s * *
........ .........— ____

*
**
***

Data not a v a i l a b l e .
P e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s f o r p e r i o d s en di ng p r i o r to
Data do not m e e t p u b lic a ti o n c r i t e r i a .

D e c e m b e r 1973
to
D e c e m b e r 1974

D e c e m b e r 1974
to
D e c e m b e r 1975

D e c e m b e r 1975
to
D e c e m b e r 1976

9.1
7.7
7.6
7.5
8.4

6. 9

8.8

***

6.1

13.5
***
***
***
7.8

8 .2

11.8

5.6
7.5
5.0

10.6

7.3
7.5

*

6.2

6.8

8.0

6.3
5.9
7.7
5.2

6.5

1976 r e l a t e to m e n on ly .

11

6.0

10.8

10.4
11.4
13.7
11.4

11.7
14.2
13.2

***
***

9.0
***
***
***

6.0

8.8

***

B. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minim um entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks in Akron, Ohio, December 1976
In e x p e r i e n c e d t y p i s t s
M a n u f a c t u ri n g
M in im u m w eek ly stra ig h t-tim e s a l a r y 4

All

O t h e r in e x p e r i e n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g

B a s e d on st a n d a rd w e e k l y h o u r s
All
s ch ed u l es

40

6

All
s c h ed u le s

M a n u f a c tu r i n g

of-

B a s e d on sta n d ar d w e e k l y h ou rs

AH
All
s c h ed u le s

40

5

N o n m a n u f actur ing

40

All
s c h e d u le s

6

of
40

ESTABLISHMENTS S T U D I E D ---------------------

138

58

XXX

80

XXX

138

58

XXX

80

XXX

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING a s R t C I F l E D
MINIMUM ----------------------------------------------------

31

16

15

15

10

51

23

22

28

18

1

1

1

-

1

1

1

-

1

1

-

-

.
-

-

4
1

1

1

*

"

1

1

7
4
3

1

1

-

3

5

2

2

3

1

2

2

2

2

1

1

1

2

2

2

*
*
“

*
-

S B ? . 50
$85.00
$87.50
590.00
$92.50
$95.00
597.50

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDcP
UNDER

* 8 5 . 0 0 ------------------* 8 7 . 5 0 ------------------$ 9 n . 0 u ------------------$ 9 2 . 5 0 ------------- --—
* 9 5 . 0u ------------------* 9 7 . 5 0 ------------------5 1 0 0 . 0 0 -----------------

5 1 0 0 . 0 0 AN0 UNDER 5 1 0 5 . 0 0 --------------5 1 0 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 1 0 . 0 0 --------------5 1 1 0 . 0 0 AND U.mDER 5 1 1 5 . 0 0 --------------5 1 1 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 3 0 . 0 0 --------------5 1 2 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 2 5 . 0 0 --------------5 1 2 = . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 3 0 . 0 0 --------------5 1 3 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 3 5 . 0 0 -------------5 1 3 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 4 0 . 0 0 — ---------5 1 4 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 4 5 . 0 0 --------------5 1 4 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 5 0 . 0 ' J --------------5 1 5 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 5 5 . 0 0 --------------$ 15 C •00 AND UNDER 5 1 6 0 . 0 0 --------------5 1 6 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 6 5 . 0 0 --------------S 1 6 5 .0 Q AND UNDER 5 1 7 0 . 0 0 ----- --------5 1 7 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 7 5 . 0 0 --------------5 1 7 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 8 0 . 0C --------------s i a o . o o a n d u n d e r s i b s . oo --------------S 1 P 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 1 9 0 . 0 0 — — ----$ 1 9 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER $ 1 9 5 . 0 0 — ----------$ 1 9 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 2 0 0 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 0 0 . 0 0 AND UNOER $ 2 0 5 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 0 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 2 1 0 . 0 0 --------------5 2 1 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER $ 2 1 5 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 1 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 2 2 0 . C U --------------$ 2 2 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER $ 2 2 5 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 2 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER $ 2 3 0 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 3 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER 5 2 3 5 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 3 5 . 0 0 AND UNDER $ 2 4 0 . 0 0 --------------$ 2 4 0 . 0 0 AND UNDER $ 2 4 5 . 0 0 ----------- —

4
-

1

1

1

1

3
3
-

3

3

1

1

2

1

y
3

3
3

3
3

6

1

1

1

4
-

2

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

2

2

-

-

4

3
-

3
-

1

1

“

“

i

2

2

4

1

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

*

-

*
*
*
*

*
*
“
-

*

-

1

-

-

1

-

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO S P E C I F I E D
MINIMUM -----------------------------------------------------

12

ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN TH I S CATEGORY -------------------

95

*

-

1

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

-

-

-

1

•

I
•
.
.
•

1

1

|
!
i
i
•
i
-

-

1

1

1

1

4
•
•
•
-

4
•
•
•
-

1

1

.
•
-

•
-

1

1

•

*

1

i
-

•

1

-

-

-

6

XXX

6

XXX

37

23

XXX

14

XXX

36

XXX

59

XXX

50

12

XXX

38

XXX

at end o f t a b le s .




6

3

-

*
-

3
-

1
1

2

-

1

-

-

-

1

1

2

1

S e e fo o tn o te s

1

12




Table B -2 . Late shift pay provisions for fu ll-tim e m a n u factu rin g plant
w orkers in A kro n , O hio, D ecem ber 1976
^ A l^ J u U - ^ im e >m a n u fa c tu r in g j3 la n t_ w o r k e r s = 1 0 0 j3 ercen t2 i
A ll workers 7

W o r k e r s on la t e shifts

Item
S ec on d sh ift

T h i r d sh if t

S ec on d sh ift

T h i r d sh ift

W I T H L A T l SH IF T P R O V I S I O N S ------

97.A

87.A

23.7

1A.3

W I T H N O PA Y D I F F E R E N T I A L F O R L A T E S H I F T WO R K -----W I T H PA Y D I F F E R E N T I A L FO R L A T t S H I F T W O R K --------U N I F O R M C E N T S - P F R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L --------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L -------------------O T H E R D I F F E R E N T I A L ------------------------------------

A.7
92 . 7
TO.8
21 . 0
.9

1.1
86.3
63 . 9
19.5
2.9

1.0
22.7
16.6
5.9
.2

.1
1A .3
10.A
3.A
.A

13.6
5.8

16.6
9.1

13.7
5.7

15.7
9.A

2.0
1.5
.9
1. A
.8
7.A
11.9
2.1
2.8

-

P E R C E N T OE W O R K E R S
IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S

A V E R A G E PA Y D I F F E R E N T I A L
U N I F O R M C F N T S - P E R - H O U R D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------------U N I F O R M P E R C E N T A G E D I F F E R E N T I A L ---------------------P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S BY T Y P E AND
A M O U N T OF PA Y D I F F E R E N T I A L
U N I F O R M CENTS-PFR-rlOURS
3 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------5 AND U N D E R * C E N T S ------------------------------6 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------7 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------a AN D U N D E R 9 C E N T S ------------------------------9 C E N T S ----------------------------------------------in C E N T S --------------------------------------------11 AN D U N D E R 12 C E N T S --- ------------------------12 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------13 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------1 A C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------15 AND U N D E R 16 C E N T S — ---------------------------------- 17 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------18 AND U N D ^ R 19 C E N T S ---------------------------------------19 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------20 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------25 C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------AO C E N T S --------------------------------------------------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGES
2 AND U N D E R 3 P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------A P E R C E N T -------------------------------------------------------------5 P E R C E N T -------------------------------------------------------------7 AN D U N D E R a P E R C E N T ---------------------------------------10 P E R C E N T -----------------------------------------------------------12 AND U N D E R 13 P E R C E N T -------------------------------------

S ee fo o t n o t e s

_

1.8
17.7
3.0
12.9
-

3.3
1.2

-

.9
.9
1.5
7.A
8.5
2.1
1.0
.5
l.A
13.7
-

12.9
.A
3.6
3.9
A.9

.5

-

17.6

-

-

1.3
1.5

at end o f t a b le s .

13

.5

6.A
12.2
.A

.A
.A
.1
.2
.1
2.2
2.1
.6
.6

.

.A
A.6
.7
3.2

.4

.A

-

-

<9>
-

.A
1.6
.9
.5
.2
.1
(9)
3.3
-

1.9

-

.5
.6
.A

.1

-

5.0

-

-

.5

.3

.1

.6
2. 6
.1

Table B -3 .

Scheduled w e e k ly hours and days of fu ll-tim e firs t-s h ift w orkers in A kron, O hio, D ecem ber 1976
Pl ant w o r k e r s

O ffi ce w o r k e r s

Item
A l l in dustries

M anu facturin g

Non manufacturing

P u b li c utilities

A l l industries

Manufa ctur ing

No nm anufacturing

P u b li c utilities

P E R C E N T O F W O R K E R S ay S C H E D U L E D
W E E K L Y H O U R S AN D DAYS
100

100

100

100

100

100

100

25 H O U R S — 4 DA YS -------------------------------------28 H O U R S - 5 DA YS -------------------------------------28 3/4 H O U R S - 5 D A YS ------------------------------33 H O U R S - 5 DA YS -------------------------------------35 H O U R S - 5 D A YS -------------------------------------36 H O U R S ---------------------------------------------------5 DA Y S -------------------------------------------------6 CA Y S -------------------------------------------------36 1/3 H O U R S - 5 DA Y S ------------------------------36 1/2 H O U R S - 5 DA Y S ------------------------------37 H O U R S - 5 DA YS ------------------------------37 1/2 H O U R S - 5 DA Y S -----------------------37 3/4 H O U R S - 5 DA Y S -----------------------38 1/2 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -----------------------38 3/4 H O U R S - 5 D A Y S -----------------------40 H O U R S -----------------------------------------4 CA Y S ---------------------------------------5 CA Y S ---------------------------------------42 H O U R S -----------------------------------------5 C A Y S ---------------------------------------6 C A YS — ---------------- ---- — ----- -----4 5 H O U R S ---------------------------------- -----------------------5 DA YS -------------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 D A YS ------------------------------------------------

(10)
(10)
(10)
1
1
13
12
1
(10)

-

(10)
(1C)
1
3

-

-

-

_

*
*

4

*
*
*
*
*
”
*
*
*

( 10)

“

------------------------------------------H O U R S - 6 DA Y S ------------------------------------------H O U R S ----------------------------------------------------------5 D A YS -------------------------------------------------------6 D A YS --------------------------------------------------------

2
1
2

ALL EU L L - T I Mt' W O R K E R S ---------------------

46
48

50

HOURS—6

CAYS

19

4

17
2
(10)

“

2

“
"

2

”
~

-

*

3
-

-

1
1

-

1

72
£

1

(10)

1

(1C)

-

-

-

11
(10)

88

-

-

*

74
4

88

88

*
99

5
69
“
69

*
*

*
*

*
*

*
*

*
—

*

*
*
*
*
*
*

4
4
4

(10)
( 1C)

3

“
*

7

-

2

*
12

-

2

1

-

2

99

1

-

-

8a

*

3

*

2

-

74

5

1

(10)
1

3
1

-

1

-

-

*
“
*

(1 0 )

-

72
1
71
2
2

73

*
*
1

2

(10)
1

100

(10)

*

99
99
*

-

(10)

“
(10)

-

*
(10)

•

1

*

*

2

*

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY

ALL WE E K L Y

WO R K

SCHEDULES

-

---------------------

39.7

39.5

40.9

4Q.0

S e e f o o tn o te at end o f ta b l e s .




14

39.7

40.0

39.2

40.1

T a b le B -4 . A nnual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in A kron, O hio, D ecem ber 1976
Pla n t w o rk e rs

O ffic e w o rk ers

Item

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

A ll industries

M anufacturing

Nonm anufacturing

P u b lic u tilitie s

100

100

100

100

loo

100

loo

3

-

10

-

-

-

•

97

100

90

100

100

loo

100

100

9 .4

9.9

8 .1

9 .8

9.3

9 .7

8.7

9.4

1 H O L I D A Y -------------------------------------------------2 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------3 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------4 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------------5 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------------6 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------------

(1 0 )
(1 0 )
(10>
(1 0 )

-

1 C)

_
-

-

8

6

P L U S 1 HA LF r > H Y ----------------------------P L U S 2 H A LF D A Y S ---------------------------7 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------P L U S I HA LF D A Y ------------ ----------------P L U S 2 HA L F D A Y S ---------------------------8 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------P L U S 1 HA LF JA Y ----------------------------P L U S 3 HA LF D A Y S ---------------------------9 H O L I D A Y S -------------------------------------------P L U S 2 HA LF DA Y S ---------------------------10 h o l i d a y s -----------------------------------------11 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------P L U S 1 h a l f d a y ----------------------------12 H O L I D A Y S -----------------------------------------13 H O L l O A Y S -----------------------------------------14 H O L I D A Y S ------------------------------------------

(1 0 )

-

PERCENT
ALL

FULL-TIME

OF W O R K E R S
WORKERS ---------------------

IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S NOT P R O V I D I N G
P A I C H O L I D A Y S --------------------------------------IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S P R O V I D I N G
P A ID H O L I D A Y S ---------------------------------------

100

A V E R A G E N U M B E R OF P A I D H O L I D A Y S
FO R W O R K E R S IN E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
P R O V I D I N G H O L I D A Y S ----------------------------P E R C E N T OF WO R K E R S BY N U M B c R
CF P A I D H O L I D A Y S P R O V I D E D

-

-

7

(1 0 )
12
(1 0 )
11
1
44
6
-

1
7

(

1

-

6

7
60

5

1 C)

-

1
14
(1 0 )
12
1
23
(1 0 )
18
2
12
6

2
37
38
23

(

-

-

-

-

-

-

90
90
87
73
60
38
20
20
6
-

100
loo
loo
100
98
98
61
61
23
-

1
10

.
(

10

(

10

)
)

4
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
5

(1 0 )
(1 0 )
10
1
30
1
42
1
2
1
3
1

1
d o )

4
3
25
•
61
1
(10>
4
1

•
(

10

(

10

)

>
-

8
1
7
(1 0 )
(1 0 )
23
2
39
2
11
•
5
2
1
-

•
6
23
•
7
20
27
17
.
-

P E R C E N T OF W O R K E R S BY TO TA L
P A I D H O L I D A Y TI ME P R O V I U E u 1
1
2 DA Y S OR MORE ------------------------------------3 DA Y S OR M O R E ------------------------------------6 DA YS OR MORE -------------------------7 DA Y S OR MORE------------ -— ------- —
8 DA YS OR MORE -------------------------9 D A YS OR MORE -------------------------9 1/2 D A Y S OR MO R E --------------------10 D A Y S OR MORE----------- ---- -------11 D A Y S OR MORE ------------------------11 1/2 D A Y S OR MORE----------- -------12 D A Y S OR MORE ------------------------13 D A Y S OR MORE ------------------------14 D A Y S -----------------------------------

97
97
96
87
80

69
58
58
13
8
8
8

7

100
100
100
94
90
84
76
76
17
11
11
11
10

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f t a b le s .




15

100
99
99
96
91
81
51
50
7
6
4

3
1

loo
loo
100
99
95
92
67
67
6
5
5
5
1

100
99
99
92
84
61
22
20
7
7
2
1

100
100
100
100
94
71
51
44
17
17
_

T able B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions fo r fu ll-tim e w orkers in A kron, O hio, D ecem ber 1976
P la nt w o r k e r s

O ffi ce w o r k e r s

Item
A l l industries

Ma nu fa ct ur in g

Nonmanufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

A l l industries

Manufa ctu rin g

No nm anufacturing

P ub li c utilities

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

100

96

52
48

86

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL F U L L -T IM t

WORKERS -----------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ----------------------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ------------ — —
p e r c e n t a g e p a y m e n t ----------------:-------—

99
63
36

AMOUNT OF PAID

6

1

VACATION

YEAR OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

2 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------3 YEARS OF SERVICE!
] WEEK ---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS --------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER 4 wEE k S --------------4 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------------------OVER 1 ANO UNDER 2 WEEKS —----------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------------------OVER 2 ANO UNDER 3 WEEKS --------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS --------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS --------------2 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS --------------3 WEEKS -----------------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ---------------

100

100

100

99
(10)

99
(10)

100

100

2

1

24
-

26

26

10

10

10

(1 0 )

*

(10>

4

3
14

3
16

11

-

-

-

-

-

49

39
7
55

70

26
9
63

32
52

8

41

28

6
60

b
(1 0 )

t
o

2

(1 0 )

lb
1

1

(1 0 )

6

3
73

lb
1

(1 0 )

-

63
37
“

12

-

5
5
73
16

3
73

34
37
29

12

14

5
5
72
17
1

“

1

1

42
45

32
5
59

1

2

.
-

6

17
1

82

3
(1 0 )
96
1

(1 0 )

63
37

(10)
(1 0 )
95
4

*

75
13
(10)
(10)

(10)

7
93

•

2

8

-

-

63
37

75
13
(1 0 )
(1 0 )

(10)
(10)
95
4

*

-

64
15
17
(1 0 )

63
37

(10)
(10)
43
2

55
(1 0 )

16

34
2

64

32
23

27
4
69

4
1

98
*

92
3
(10>

(10)
96

-

96
4
*

2

96
4

1

1

-

*

1

*

(10)
95
5

(10)
(10)
94
5

-

-

96
2

96
4

1

1

-

"

1

*

-

-

70
4
24

89
4
7

1

(10)

3
27

d o )

1

2

1

8

-

at end o f ta b le s .




100

95
5

100

10

AFTER!12

MONTHS OF SERVICE!
UNDER 1 WEEK --------------------------------------1 WEEK.---------------------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS -----------2 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

4

1

.

d o )

(10)
26
d o )

73

1

T able B -5 .

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w orkers in A kro n , O hio, D ecem ber 1 9 7 6 — Continued
P la nt w o r k e r s

Of fic e w o r k e r s

Item
A l l industries

AMOUNT OF PAID
CONTINUED

Manuf ac tu ri ng

Non manufacturing

P u b l i c utilities

A ll industries

M anuf actur ing

Nonmanufacturing

P u b li c utilities

VACATION AFTER1 !2

10 YEARS OF SERVICE!
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 rfEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS ------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------12 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS
OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS -----------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS — — — — — — — — —— —
OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------15 YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 WEEK --------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------- -----OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------YEARS OF SERVICF:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ------------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNDER 5 wEEKS -----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS --------------------------------------------------

(10)
6

8

2

3

69
16
A
(1 0 )

66

17
6

-

6

6

1

2

65
19

22

62

6

7

1

2

3

6

3
13
5
7A
A

1

1

21

5
6A

7
(10)
76
13
(10)
(10)

63
37
-

7
(1 0 )
73
13
3
(1 0 )

63
37
-

(10>
3

1

(1 0 )

-

1

-

(10)

3
36
5
AA

2

•
96
A
-

-

(10)
3

2

2

(10)
91
A

(lo )
90
5

92

2

86

7
5
(10)

28
35
37
*

-

*

(1 0 )

2

8

(10)

13
(1 0 )
30
(1 0 )
55

2

10

2

5
-

A

96
A
•

1

“

2

(10)

1

1

8A

-

1

89

(10)

32
3
62

(1 0 )
16
3
78

2

1

33
3

1

1

1

1

1

59
1

S3
A2
A
-

20

25

YEARS OF SERVICE:
1 W E E K ----------------------- ---------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 ANO UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

2

1

9

5

3
16
A
A8

1

6

-

*

1

3

-

5

15

2

10

29

(1 0 )
23

-

6

5A

1

(10)
91
(1 0 )

1

-

2

1

A

18

10

3A

82
-

9

85
5

3

A

(1 0 )

-

1

-

(10)

(10)

1

1

1

1

1

57

76

19

33

6A

6
A

5

a
li

37

1
(10)

17

-

1

8

16

at end o f ta b le s .




1

29

2

1

23
5
63

2

(1 0 )

57
5
37
""

2

31
A
A7
A
-

9

(10)
3
15
d o )

3

56
1

(10)
1

-

22

6

1

16

61
29

3

A

2

1

Table B -5.

Paid vacation provisions for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in A kron, O hio, D ecem ber 1 9 7 6 — C ontinu ed
Pl ant w o r k e r s

O ffi ce w o r k e r s

Item

A l l industries

AMOUNT OF PAI D
CONTINUED

Ma nu fa ct ur in g

P u b l i c utilities

Non man ufactu ring

A l l industries

Manufa ctur ing

No nm anufacturing

(10)

Pu bl ic utilities

VACATION AFTER12-

30 YEARS OF SERVICES
1 WEEK ------------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------3 WEEKS — — — —
— —
—
—
—
OVER 3 AND UNDPR 4 W E E K S --------A WEEKS ----------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS --------5 WEEKS ----------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS --------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS — -----MAXIMUM VACATION AVAILABLE:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS -----------A WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS -----------5 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS -----------6 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------7 WEEKS -------------------------------------------------OVER 7 AND UNDER 8 WEEKS ------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

-

-

1

9

5

10

9

(10)
(10)
25

(10)
3
5
(10)
28

2

1

16

9

1

-

42
(10)

63
(10>
(10)
3
5
27
64
(10)

(10)
3
15
A
30

21

1

1

1

-

30
5

23

53
37

3A

33
3
A5

11

—

1

1

*

*

-

-

3
15
A
30

—

(1 0 )

2

10

-

(10>

9

21

53
37
-

(10)
24

2

1

9

5

2

1

16

9

8

1

1

1

30

33
3
A5

23

-

-

5
3A
1

8
11

1

at end o f t a b le s .




1

2

-

2

18

1

1

43
(10)
(10)

1

-

22

6

1

41
49
4
“

48
1

19
3
5
-

(10)
1

-

22

6

1

41
49
4
-

48
1

18
3
5
1

Table B -6.

H e a lth , insurance, and pension plans for fu ll-tim e w o rkers in A kron, Ohio, D ecem b er 1976
P la n t w o r k e r s

O f f ic e w o r k e r s

It e m
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c tu r in g

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

100

100

100

P u b lic u t ilit ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FU LL -TI ME

WORKERS -----------------------

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW13-----------------------------------------------

99

100

96

100

99

loo

99

100

L I F E INSURANCE --------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

96
87

99
95

89
71

loo

99

100

88

99
98

99
72

100

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE ----------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

83
74

90
84

68

73
73

86

90

53

77

86

79
60

79
69

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH14-------------------------

94

99

84

92

89

90

87

94

87
80

97
92

68

70
70

74
69

87

57

86

50
40

63
63

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------- -------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOD) — -------------------------------SICK LEAVE (P ART IA L PAY OR
WAITING PERIOD) ------------------------------------

100

8

1

23

42

67

69

64

84

4

2

9

9

4

-

10

9

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------- — -------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS --------------------------

18
16

24

8

6

22

3

6

63
50

79
60

34
31

26
26

HO SP IT A LI ZA TI O N INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

97
84

99
95

95
64

100

99
83

99
97

99
59

100

SURGICAL INSURANCE -----------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -------------------------

97
84

99
95

94
62

100

99
83

99
98

99
59

100

MEDICAL INSURANCE --------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------- ------ ----------

96
84

99
95

90
62

100

99
83

99
98

99
59

100

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ------------------- ------

83
71

84
80

79
52

100

99
80

99
92

99
59

100

DENTAL INSURANCE ------------------- --------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

24
24

19
18

35
35

68

13

21

68

16
14

11

18

56
56

RETIREMENT PENSION -----------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -------------------------

85
83

94
93

68

94
94

94
82

98
84

89
80

96
96

See

fo o tn o te s

98

98

98

98

64

a t end o f t a b le s .




19

94

94

94

94

Footnotes
A l l o f th ese standa rd f o o tn o te s m a y not apply to this b ulletin.

L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t .
L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
11
A l l c o m b in a tio n s o f fu ll and h a lf days that add to the s am e amount
a r e c om b in e d ; f o r e x a m p l e , the p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g a to tal o f
10
days includes th ose with 10 full days and no h a lf d ay s, 9 full days and
2 ha lf d ay s, 8 fu ll days and 4 h a lf d ay s, and so on.
P r o p o r t i o n s then w e r e
cumulate d.
12
Includes p ay m e n ts ot h e r than " l e n g t h o f t i m e , " such as p e r c e n ta g e
o f annual e a r n in g s o r f l a t - s u m p a y m e n ts, c o n v e r t e d to an e qu iv ale n t tim e
b a s is ; f o r e x a m p l e , 2 p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s w a s c o n s i d e r e d as 1 w e e k 's
pay.
P e r i o d s o f s e r v i c e a r e chosen a r b i t r a r i l y and do not -ne c e s sar i ly r e f l e c t
in div id ual p r o v i s i o n s f o r p r o g r e s s i o n ; f o r e x a m p l e , changes in p r o p o r tio n s
at 10 y e a r s includa changes b e tw e e n 5 and 10 y e a r s .
E s t i m a t e s are cumu­
lative.
Thus , the p r o p o r t i o n e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay afte r 10 y e a rs
in clud es those e l i g i b l e f o r at l e a s t 3 w e e k s ' pay a f te r f e w e r y e a r s o f s e r v i c e .
13
E s t i m a t e s l i s t e d a f te r type o f b e n e fit a r e f o r all plans f o r which
at l e a s t a p a r t o f the c o s t is b or n e
by the e m p l o y e r .
"N o n c o n t r i b u t o r y
p l a n s " include on ly th ose fin a n c ed e n t i r e l y by the e m p l o y e r .
Excluded
a r e l e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans, such as w o r k e r s d i s a b i l i t y c om p en sation , s o c i a l
s e c u r i t y , and r a i l r o a d r e t i r e m e n t .
14
Un du plic ated tota l o f w o r k e r s r e c e i v i n g s ic k l e a v e o r s ickn ess and
a c c id en t insuran ce shown s e p a r a t e l y b e lo w .
Sick l e a v e plans ar e l i m i t e d to
those wh ich d e f i n i t e l y e s ta b lis h at l e a s t the m i n i m u m number of d a y s ' pay
that each e m p l o y e e can e x p e c t.
I n f o r m a l s i c k l e a v e allo w anc e s d e te r m i n e d
on an ind iv id u al b a s is a r e exclud ed .
9

10

1
Standard hours r e f l e c t the w o r k w e e k f o r wh ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e
t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f pay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g ­
u la r and/or p r e m i u m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th ese w e e k l y
hours.
2
T h e m e a n is com pute d f o r each jo b by to talin g the e a r n in g s o f all
w o r k e r s and d i v id in g by the number o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a te s
positio n— h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e i v e m o r e and ha lf r e c e i v e l e s s than the
r a te
shown.
T h e m i d d l e r a n g e is d e fin e d by two r a t e s o f pay: a fourth of
the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the l o w e r o f th ese r a te s and a fourth e a r n m o r e
than the h ig h e r r a te .
3
E a r n in g s data r e l a t e on ly to w o r k e r s w h o s e s e x i d e n tific a tio n was
p r o v i d e d by the e s ta b lis h m e n t.
4
E x c lu d e s p r e m i u m pay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s ,
h o lid ays , and la te s hifts .
5
F o r m a l l y e s ta b l i s h e d m i n i m u m r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h i r i n g s a l a r i e s
that a r e paid f o r sta ndard w o r k w e e k s .
6
E x c lu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c l e r i c a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
7
Data are p r e s e n t e d f o r all standard w o r k w e e k s com b in ed , and f o r
the m o s t c o m m o n standard w o r k w e e k s r e p o r t e d .
8
Includ es
all plant w o r k e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts c u r r e n t l y o p e r a ti n g
late shif ts , and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w h o s e f o r m a l p r o v i s i o n s c o v e r late shifts ,
e v en though the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w e r e not c u r r e n t l y o p e r a ti n g late shif ts .




20

Appendix A
A r e a w a g e and r e l a t e d b e n e fits data a r e ob ta in ed by p e r s o n a l v i s i t s
o f B u re a u f i e l d r e p r e s e n t a t i v e s at 3 - y e a r i n t e r v a l s . 1 In each o f the i n t e r v e n ­
in g y e a r s , i n f o r m a t i o n on e m p l o y m e n t and oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s is c o l l e c t e d
b y a c om b in atio n o f p e r s o n a l v i s i t , m a i l q u e s t i o n n a i r e , and te le p h on e i n t e r ­
v i e w f r o m e s t a b lis h m e n ts p a r ti c i p a ti n g in the p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

a l l i n d u s tr ie s c om b ined . E a r n in g s data f o r s o m e o f the occupations l i s t e d and
d e s c r i b e d , o r f o r s o m e i n d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s within the s c op e o f the s u r v e y , a r e
not p r e s e n t e d in the A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e ca u s e e i t h e r (1) e m p l o y m e n t in the
oc c up atio n is to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e enough data to m e r i t p re s e n ta ti o n , o r (2)
t h e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u al e s ta b lis h m e n t data. S e p a r a te
m e n ' s and w o m e n ' s e a r n in g s data a r e not p r e s e n t e d when the n u m b e r o f
w o r k e r s not i d e n t i f i e d by s e x is 20 p e r c e n t o r m o r e o f the m en o r w o m e n
i d e n t i f i e d in an occupation. E a r n in g s data not shown s e p a r a t e l y f o r ind us try
d i v i s i o n s a r e in c lu d e d in data f o r a l l i n d u s tr ie s com b ined .
L i k e w i s e , data
a r e in c lu d e d in the o v e r a l l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n when a s u b c l a s s i f i c a t i o n o f e l e c ­
t r o n i c s t e c h n i c i a n s , s e c r e t a r i e s , o r t r u c k d r i v e r s is not shown o r i n f o r m a t i o n
to s u b c l a s s i f y is not a v a i l a b l e .

In e a c h o f the 8 4 2 a r e a s c u r r e n t l y s u r v e y e d , data a r e obta ined
f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s ta b lis h m e n ts with in s ix b r o a d in d u s tr y d iv i s i o n s :
M a n u fa ctu rin g; tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , c om m u n ic a tio n , and o t h e r publi c u t i l i t ie s ;
w h olesale trade;
r e t a i l tr a d e ; fin a n c e, i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s ta te ; and
s e r v i c e s . M a j o r in d u s try gro ups exc lu d e d f r o m th e s e studies a r e g o v e r n m e n t
o p e r a t i o n s and the c o n stru c tio n and e x t r a c t i v e in d u s tr ie s .
E s ta b lis h m e n ts
havin g f e w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m i t t e d b e ca u s e c f
i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t in the occupations studied. S e p a r a te tabulations a r e
p r o v i d e d f o r each o f the b ro a d in d u s tr y d iv is io n s wh ich m e e t p ub lication
c riteria .

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t and e a r n in g s data a r e shown f o r f u l l - t i m e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th os e h i r e d to w o r k a r e g u l a r w e e k l y schedule. E a r n in g s data
e xc lu d e p r e m i u m p ay f o r o v e r t i m e and f o r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and
late s h if ts . N on p r od u c tio n b on uses a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g allo w a n c e s
and i n c e n t i v e b on uses a r e included.
W e e k l y ho ur s f o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l and
p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l oc c u p atio n s r e f e r to the standard w o r k w e e k
(roun ded to the n e a r e s t h a l f ho u r ) f o r w h ich e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e r e g u l a r
s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e o f p ay f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r and/or
p r e m i u m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a r n i n g s f o r th es e occupations a r e rounded
to the n e a r e s t ha lf d o l l a r .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e con du cted on a s a m p l e b a s i s .
T h e s a m p lin g
p r o c e d u r e s i n v o l v e d e ta ile d s t r a t i f i c a t i o n o f a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts w it h in the
s c o p e o f an in d iv id u a l a r e a s u r v e y by in d u s tr y and n u m b e r o f e m p l o y e e s .
F r o m this s t r a t i f i e d u n i v e r s e a p r o b a b i l i t y s a m p le is s e l e c t e d , w ith each
e s t a b l i s h m e n t ha ving a p r e d e t e r m i n e d chance o f s e l e c t i o n . T o obtain o p tim u m
a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t, a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n o f l a r g e than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n ts is s e l e c t e d . Wh en data a r e com b in e d , eac h e s ta b lis h m e n t is w e ig h te d
a c c o r d i n g to its p r o b a b i l i t y o f s e l e c t i o n , so that un biased e s t i m a t e s a r e
g e n e r a t e d . F o r e x a m p l e , i f one out o f f o u r e s ta b lis h m e n ts is s e l e c t e d , it is
g i v e n a w e i g h t o f fou r to r e p r e s e n t i t s e l f plus th r e e o t h e r s . An a lte r n a t e o f
the s a m e o r i g i n a l p r o b a b i l i t y is cho sen in the s a m e i n d u s t r y - s i z e c l a s s i f i ­
catio n i f data a r e not a v a i l a b l e f r o m the o r i g i n a l s a m p le m e m b e r .
I f no
s u it ab le substitute is a v a i l a b l e , ad d itio n al w e ig h t is a s s ig n e d to a s a m p le
m e m b e r that is s i m i l a r to the m i s s i n g unit.
Occupations and e arn in g s
O c c up atio n s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y o f m an u ­
f a c tu r i n g and nonm anu fa cturin g in d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f the f o l l o w i n g ty p e s : (1)
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3 ) m a in te n a n c e , t o o l r o o m ,
and p o w e r p l a n t; and (4) m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s tod ial.
O c c u p ation al
c l a s s i f i c a t i o n is b a s e d on a u n i fo r m set o f jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s ig n e d to
tak e account o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n in duties within the s a m e job.
O c c u p a tion s s e l e c t e d f o r study a r e l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d in ap pendix B.
U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e in d ic a te d , the e a r n in g s data f o l l o w i n g the jo b t i t l e s a r e f o r 1
2
1 Personal visits w e re on a 2 -y e a r c y c le b efo re July 1972.
2 In clu d ed in the 84 areas are 14 studies condu cted b y the Bureau under contract.
O h io; A u stin ,

T e x .;

Bingham ton,

N . Y . —P a . ;

Th ese areas are A k ron ,

B irm in gh am , A l a . ; Fort L a u d erd ale—H o lly w o o d and W est P a lm

Beach— Boca R aton , F la . ; L e x in g to n —F a y e tte , K y .; M elb ou rn e— T it u s v ille —C o c o a , F la .; N o r fo lk —V ir g in ia B each—
Portsmouth
and N ew p o rt N e w s —H am pton, V a . —N . C. ; P ou gh keepsie—K in gston — N ew burgh, N . Y . ; R a le ig h —
D urham , N . C . ;
a d d ition ,

the

Stam ford ,

Bureau

C o n n .;

conducts

Syracuse,

m ore

lim it e d

N .Y . ;
area

U tic a — R o m e,
studies

in

N .Y .;

and W estch ester County,

a p p ro x im a te ly

100 areas at the

N .Y .

In

request o f the

E m p lo ym en t Standards A d m in istra tio n o f the U. S. D ep artm en t o f Labor.




21

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e the l e v e l o f oc c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s in .an a r e a
at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f in d iv id u a l oc c u p atio n al a v e r a g e s o v e r
t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e cha nges.
T h e a v e r a g e s f o r in d iv id u a l
job s a r e a f f e c t e d b y changes in w a g e s and e m p l o y m e n t p a tte r n s . F o r e x a m p l e ,
p r o p o r t i o n s o f w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d by hig h- o r l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y chan ge,
o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y a d vance to b e t t e r jo b s and be r e p l a c e d by new
w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a te s .
Such shifts in e m p l o y m e n t could d e c r e a s e an
oc c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e e v e n though m o s t e s t a b lis h m e n ts in an a r e a i n c r e a s e
w a g e s dur ing the y e a r . Chan ges in e a r n in g s o f oc c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s , shown in
ta b le A - 7, a r e b e t t e r i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e tr e n d s than a r e e a r n in g s changes f o r
in d iv id u a l jo b s w it h in the g ro u p s.
A v e r a g e e a r n in g s r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w i d e e s t i m a t e s . I n d u s tr ie s
and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r in p ay l e v e l and job s ta ffin g , and thus con tr ib ute
d i f f e r e n t l y to the e s t i m a t e s f o r eac h jo b . P a y a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e l y the w a g e d i f f e r e n t i a l am ong job s in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
A v e r a g e pay l e v e l s f o r m e n and w o m e n in s e l e c t e d oc c up atio ns
should not be a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in pay o f the s e x e s within
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F a c t o r s w h ich m a y con trib ute to d i f f e r e n c e s
in clud e p r o g r e s s i o n with in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s (on ly the r a te s paid
incum bents a r e c o l l e c t e d ) and p e r f o r m a n c e o f s p e c i f i c duties w ith in the
g e n e r a l s u r v e y job d e s c r i p t i o n s . Job d e s c r i p t i o n s used to c l a s s i f y e m p l o y e e s
in th e s e s u r v e y s u sually a r e m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d than th o s e used in ind iv id u al
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts in
s p e c i f i c duties p e r f o r m e d .

O c c u p ation al e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t the to tal in all e s t a b ­
l i s h m e n ts within the s c o p e o f the study and not the n u m b e r ac tu a ll y s u r v e y e d .
B e c a u s e o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e s amon g e s t a b lis h m e n ts d i f f e r , e s t i m a t e s o f
o c c u p a tio n a l e m p l o y m e n t obta in ed f r o m the s a m p le o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ic ate the r e l a t i v e i m p o r t a n c e o f the job s studied.
These
d i f f e r e n c e s in oc c u p atio n al s t r u c tu r e do not affe c t m a t e r i a l l y the a c c u r a c y o f
the e a r n in g s data.

P e r c e n t changes f o r ind iv id u al a r e a s
as f o l l o w s :

in the p r o g r a m

are

com puted

1.

E ach oc c up atio n is a s s i g n e d a w e i g h t b a s e d on its p r o ­
p o r tio n a te e m p l o y m e n t in the oc c u p a tio n a l gro up in the
b as e y e a r .

2.

T h e s e w e ig h ts a r e used to compute g ro u p a v e r a g e s .
E a c h o c c u p a ti o n 's a v e r a g e (m e a n ) e a r n in g s is m u ltip lie d
by its w e ig h t. T h e prod ucts a r e t o t a l e d to obtain a group
ave r a g e .

3.

T h e ra tio o f group a v e r a g e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s is
com p uted by d iv id in g the a v e r a g e f o r the c u r re n t y e a r
b y the a v e r a g e f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r .
T h e res u lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r c e n t — l e s s 100 is the p e r c e n t change.

W a g e t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l gro ups
The p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s p r e s e n t e d in ta b le A - 7 a r e b a s e d on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a r n i n g s f o r e s ta b l i s h m e n ts r e p o r t i n g the t r e n d job s in both
the c u r re n t and p r e v i o u s y e a r (m a tc h e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ) .
T h e data a r e
ad juste d to r e m o v e the e f f e c t on a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f e m p l o y m e n t shifts
amon g e s t a b lis h m e n ts and t u r n o v e r o f e s t a b lis h m e n ts included in s u r v e y
sam ples.
T h e p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e s , h o w e v e r , a r e s t i l l a f f e c t e d by f a c t o r s
o t h e r than w a g e i n c r e a s e s .
H i r i n g s , l a y o f f s , and t u r n o v e r m a y a ffe c t an
e s ta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e f o r an oc c up atio n wh en w o r k e r s a r e paid under plans
p r o v i d i n g a ran g e o f w a g e ra te s f o r in d iv id u a l jo b s . In p e r i o d s o f i n c r e a s e d
h i r i n g , f o r e x a m p l e , new e m p l o y e e s e n t e r at the b o tt o m o f the r a n g e ,
d e p r e s s i n g the a v e r a g e without a change in w a g e r a te s .

F o r a m o r e d e t a i l e d ' d e s c r i p t i o n o f the m e t h o d used to com pute
th e s e w a g e t r e n d s , see " I m p r o v i n g A r e a W a g e S u r v e y I n d e x e s , " M on th ly
L a b o r R e v i e w , J an uary 1973, pp. 52-57.
E s ta b lis h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p l e m e n ta r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s

T h e p e r c e n t changes r e l a t e to w a g e changes b e tw e e n the i n d ic a te d
d ate s.
When the t i m e span b e tw e e n s u r v e y s is o t h e r than 12 m onths,
annual r a te s a r e shown.
(It is a s s u m e d that w a g e s i n c r e a s e at a constant
rate b e tw e e n s u r v e y s . )
O ccupation s used to com pute w a g e tr e n d s a r e :
O f f i c e c l e r i c a l (m en and
w om en):
Secretaries
Stenographers, gen eral
Sten ograph ers, sen ior
T y p i s t s , c l a s s e s A and B
F ile cle rk s , classes A,
B , and C
M essengers
O r d e r c le rk s , classes A
and B
Ac c ou n tin g c l e r k s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
B ookkeepin g-m achin e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B
P a y r o l l clerks
Keypun ch o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A and B
T ab u la t in g - m a c h in e
o p e r a t o r s , c la s s B

E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m en and w o m e n ) :
C om puter system s
a n a ly s ts , c l a s s e s
A , B, and C




E l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g
(m en and w o m e n ) —
Continued
C o m p u te r p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
C o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s ,
c l a s s e s A , B , and C
I n d u s tr ia l n u rs e s (m en and
w o m en ):
R e g i s t e r e d i n d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s
S k i l l e d m ain te n an c e (m en
and w o m e n ) :
C a rp e n te rs
E lect ricians
Painters
M a c h in is t s
M echanics (m ach in ery)
M e c h a n ic s ( m o t o r v e h i c l e )
P ip efitters
T o o l and die m a k e r s
U n s k i l l e d plant (m en and
w om en ):
J a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , and
cleaners
M a t e r i a l ha ndling l a b o r e r s

T h e in c i d e n c e o f s e l e c t e d e s ta b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p lem e n ta ry
w a g e p r o v i s i o n s is stu died f o r plant w o r k e r s and o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
P lant
w o r k e r s in clude n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s en g ag ed in
n o n o ff ic e fu nctions.
( C a f e t e r i a w o r k e r s and route w o r k e r s a r e exc lu d e d
in m a n u fa c tu rin g in d u s t r i e s , but i n c lu d e d in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g i n d u s t r i e s . )
O f f i c e w o r k e r s in clude n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s and w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s
p e r f o r m i n g c l e r i c a l o r r e l a t e d fu nctions.
L e a d w o r k e r s and t r a i n e e s a r e
in clud ed amon g n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r s .
A d m i n i s t r a t i v e , e x e c u t i v e , and
p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e s and c on s t ru c tio n w o r k e r s u t i l i z e d as s e p a r a t e w o r k
f o r c e s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m both the plant and o f f i c e w o r k e r c a t e g o r i e s .
M i n i m u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s (table B - l ) . M i n i m u m e n tr a n ce s a l a r i e s
f o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s r e l a t e o n ly to the e s t a b l i s h m e n t s v i s i t e d . B e c a u s e o f the
o p tim u m s a m p lin g te c h n iqu e s used and the p r o b a b i l i t y that l a r g e e s t a b l i s h ­
m en ts a r e m o r e l i k e l y than s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s to ha ve f o r m a l entran ce
ra te s above the s u b c l e r i c a l l e v e l , the t a b le is m o r e r e p r e s e n t a t i v e o f p o l i c i e s
in m e d i u m and l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
Shift d i f f e r e n t i a l s — m a n u fa c tu rin g (tab le B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o l l e c t e d
on p o l i c i e s o f m a n u fa c tu rin g e s t a b lis h m e n ts r e g a r d i n g pay d i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r
plant w o r k e r s on late s h ifts .
E s ta b l i s h m e n ts c o n s i d e r e d as- having p o l i c i e s
a r e th os e w h ich (1) ha ve p r o v i s i o n s in w r i t i n g c o v e r i n g the o p e r a t i o n o f late
s h ifts , o r (2) ha ve o p e r a t e d late shifts at any t i m e dur ing the 12 months
preceding a survey.
W hen e s t a b lis h m e n ts h a ve s e v e r a l d i f f e r e n t i a l s which
v a r y b y jo b , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap p lyin g to the m a j o r i t y o f the plant w o r k e r s is
r e c o r d e d . When e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ha ve d i f f e r e n t i a l s w h i c h ap ply on ly to c e rta in
ho ur s o f w o r k , the d i f f e r e n t i a l ap ply ing to the m a j o r i t y o f the shift hours is
recorded.
F o r p u r p o s e s o f this study, a la te shift is e i t h e r a s eco nd ( e v e n i n g )
shift w h ic h ends at o r n e a r m id n igh t o r a t h i r d (night ) shift wh ich s ta r ts at o r
n e a r m id n igh t.
D i f f e r e n t i a l s f o r s e c o n d and t h i r d shifts a r e s u m m a r i z e d s e p a r a t e l y
f o r (1) e s ta b l i s h m e n t p o l i c i e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e i g h t e d by

22

a l l plant w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) and (2)
e f f e c t i v e p r a c t i c e s (an e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's d i f f e r e n t i a l s a r e w e ig h te d by plant
w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d on the s p e c i f i e d shift at the t i m e o f the s u r v e y ) .

w h ic h the e m p l o y e r has c on trib uted , o r (3) b or n e d i r e c t l y by the e m p l o y e r
out o f o p e r a t i n g funds o r a fund set asid e to c o v e r the cost.
A plan is
in clud ed e v e n though a m a j o r i t y o f the e m p l o y e e s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t do not
choose to p a r t i c i p a t e in it b e ca u s e th ey a r e r e q u i r e d to b e a r p art o f its cost
( p r o v i d e d the c h o ic e to p a r t i c i p a t e is a v a i l a b l e o r w i l l e v e n tu a lly b e c o m e
a v a i l a b l e to a m a j o r i t y ) . L e g a l l y r e q u i r e d plans such as s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , r a i l ­
road r e t i r e m e n t , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y c o m p en s a tio n , and t e m p o r a r y d is a b i l i t y
i n s u r a n c e 3 a r e exclu d ed .

Sc h ed u le d w e e k l y hours; p aid h o lid a y s ; p aid v a c a tio n s ; and h e a lt h ,
i n s u r a n c e , and pe n s io n p l a n s . P r o v i s i o n s w h ic h ap p ly to a m a j o r i t y o f the
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s i d e r e d to ap ply to all
plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in the e s ta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t i c e o r p r o v i s i o n is
c o n s i d e r e d no ne xis te n t when it ap p li es to l e s s than a m a j o r i t y .
H o lid a y s ;
v a c a t i o n s ; and healt h, in s u r a n c e , and p e ns io n plans a r e c o n s i d e r e d ap p lic a b le
to e m p l o y e e s c u r r e n t l y e l i g i b l e f o r the b e n e fits as w e l l as to e m p l o y e e s who
w ill even tually b eco m e e ligib le.

A c c i d e n t a l death and d i s m e m b e r m e n t is l i m i t e d to plans which
p r o v i d e b e n e f i t p ay m e n ts in c as e o f death o r lo s s o f lim b o r sight' as a
d i r e c t r e s u lt o f an accid en t.

Sched uled w e e k l y hours and days (tab le B - 3 ) . Sched ule d w e e k l y
ho ur s and days r e f e r to the n u m b e r o f hours and days p e r w e e k wh ich f u l l ­
t i m e f i r s t (d ay) shift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e c te d to w o r k , w h e t h e r paid f o r at
s t r a i g h t - t i m e o r o v e r t i m e ra te s .

S ic k n e s s and accid en t in s u r a n c e inclu des on ly th ose plans w h ich
p r o v i d e that p r e d e t e r m i n e d cas h p ay m ents be m ad e d i r e c t l y to e m p l o y e e s
who l o s e t i m e f r o m w o r k b e c a u s e o f i l l n e s s o r in ju r y , e . g . , $ 5 0 a w e e k f o r
up to 26 w e e k s o f d is a b i l i ty .

P a i d ho lid a ys
(table B - 4 ) . H o lid a y s a r e included on ly i f th ey
a r e g r a n te d annually on a f o r m a l b as is ( p r o v i d e d f o r in w r i t t e n f o r m o r
e s t a b l i s h e d b y c u s tom ) and e m p l o y e e s a r e p aid f o r the t i m e o f f .
T hey are
in clud ed e v e n though in a p a r t i c u l a r y e a r th ey f a l l on a no nw o rk d ay and
e m p l o y e e s a r e not g ra n te d another day off.

S ic k l e a v e plans a r e l i m i t e d to f o r m a l plans 4 whic h p r o v i d e f o r
continuing an e m p l o y e e ' s pay dur ing a b sence f r o m w o r k b e ca use o f i l l n e s s .
Data c o l l e c t e d d is ting uis h b e tw e e n (1) plans wh ich p r o v i d e full pay with no
w a it in g p e r i o d , and (2) plans whic h e i t h e r p r o v i d e p a r t i a l pay o r r e q u i r e a
w a itin g p e r i o d .

Data a r e ta bulate d to show the p e r c e n t o f w o r k e r s who (1) a r e g ran te d
s p e c i f i c n u m b e rs o f w h o le and h a lf ho lid a ys and (2) a r e g ra n te d s p e c i f i e d
amounts o f t o ta l h o lid a y t i m e (w hole and h a lf ho lid ays a r e a g g r e g a t e d ) .

L o n g - t e r m d i s a b i l i t y i n s u r a n ce plans p r o v i d e pay ments to to ta lly
d is a b le d e m p l o y e e s upon the e x p i r a t i o n o f t h e i r paid s ick l e a v e and/or s i c k ­
ness and ac c id en t i n s u r a n c e , o r a f t e r a p r e d e t e r m i n e d p e r i o d o f d is a b ility
( t y p i c a l l y 6 m on th s ).
P a y m e n t s a r e m ad e until the end o f the d i s a b i l i t y , a
m a x i m u m a g e , o r e l i g i b i l i t y f o r r e t i r e m e n t b e n e f its .
F ull o r partial p ay ­
m en ts a r e a l m o s t alw a y s r ed u c e d by s o c i a l s e c u r i t y , w o r k e r s ' d i s a b i l i t y
c o m p en s a tio n , and p r i v a t e p e ns ion b e n e fits p ay ab le to the d is a b le d e m p l o y e e .

P a i d v ac a tio n s (table B - 5 ) . E s ta b lis h m e n ts r e p o r t t h e i r m eth od o f
ca lc u la tin g v a c a t i o n pay ( tim e b a s i s , p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n in g s , f l a t - s u m
p a y m e n t , e t c . ) and the amount o f v a c a tio n p ay g ran te d .
O n ly b a s i c f o r m a l
plans a r e r e p o r t e d . V a c a ti o n bon uses, v a c a t i o n - s a v i n g s plans, and " e x t e n d e d "
o r " s a b b a t i c a l " b e n e fits beyo nd b a s i c plans a r e exclud ed .

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and m e d i c a l i n s u r a n ce plans r e p o r t e d
in th e s e s u r v e y s p r o v i d e fu ll o r p a r t i a l pay m e nt f o r b a s i c s e r v i c e s r e n d e r e d .
3 T em p o ra ry d is a b ility insurance w h ich provides ben efits to c o v e re d workers disabled by injury or illness
w h ich is not w o rk -c o n n e c te d is m andatory under State laws in C a lifo rn ia , N ew Jersey, N e w Y o rk , and Rhode

F o r tabulating v a c a tio n pay g ra n te d , all p r o v i s i o n s a r e e x p r e s s e d
on a t i m e b a s i s .
V a c a tio n pay c a lc u la te d on o t h e r than a t i m e b a s is is
c o n v e r t e d to its e qu iv ale n t t i m e p e r i o d .
T w o p e r c e n t o f annual e a r n i n g s ,
f o r e x a m p l e , is ta bulate d as 1 w e e k 's v a c a tio n pay.

Island.
Establishm ent plans w h ich m e e t on ly the le g a l requirem ents are exclu d ed from these data, but those
under w h ich (1 ) em p loyers contribute m ore than is le g a lly required or (2 ) ben efits e x c e e d those s p e c ifie d in the
S tate

la w

contribute.

are

inclu ded.

In

Rhode

Island,

b en efits

are paid

out o f a State

fund

to w hich

o n ly e m p lo y ees

In each o f the oth er three States, ben efits are paid eith er from a S tate fund or through a p riva te plan:

S tate fund fin a n cin g:

A l s o , p r o v i s i o n s a f t e r e ach s p e c i f i e d length o f s e r v i c e a r e r e l a t e d
to a ll plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s in an e s ta b lis h m e n t r e g a r d l e s s o f length o f
s e r v i c e . V a c a ti o n plans c o m m o n l y p r o v i d e f o r l a r g e r amount o f v a c a tio n pay
as s e r v i c e le ngth en s. Counts o f plant o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s by length o f s e r v i c e
w e r e not ob ta in e d . T h e tabulations o f v a c a tio n pay g ran te d p r e s e n t s , t h e r e ­
f o r e , s t a t i s t i c a l m e a s u r e s o f th e s e p r o v i s i o n s r a t h e r than p r o p o r t i o n s o f
w o r k e r s ac tu a lly r e c e i v i n g s p e c i f i c b e n e f its .

In C a lifo rn ia , on ly e m p lo y ees contribute to the State fund; in N e w Jersey, em p loyees

and em p loyers contribu te; in N e w Y o rk , em p lo yees contribute up to a s p e c ifie d m axim u m and em ployers
pay the d iffe re n c e b etw een the e m p lo y e e s ' share and the to ta l contribu tion required.
P riv a te plan fin an cin g:

In C a lifo rn ia and N ew Jersey,

em p lo yees cannot be required to contribute m ore

than they w ou ld if th ey w e re c o v e re d by the S tate fund; in N e w Y o r k , e m p lo y ees can agree to contribute
m ore i f the S tate rules that the ad d ition a l con tribu tion is com m ensurate w ith the b e n e fit p rovided.
F ed era l le g is la tio n (R a ilr o a d U n em p lo y m en t Insurance A c t ) provides tem porary d isa b ility insurance b en efits
to railroad w oikers fo r illness or in ju ry, w h eth er w o rk -c o n n e c te d or not.

Health, in s u r a n c e , and p e ns io n plans (table B - 6 ) . Health , i n s u r a n c e ,
and pe n s ion plans in clude plans f o r which the e m p l o y e r pays e i t h e r all o r
p a r t o f the cost.
T h e cost m a y be (1) u n d e r w r itte n b y a c o m m e r c i a l
in s u r a n c e com p any o r n o n p rofit o r g a n i z a t i o n , (2) c o v e r e d b y a union fund to




L i f e i n s u r a n ce in clud es f o r m a l plans p r o v i d i n g in d e m n ity (u sually
an i n s u r a n ce p o l i c y ) in c ase o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .

th ro u gh

T h e le g is la tio n requires that em ployers

b ea r the en tire cost o f the insurance.
4 A n establishm ent is considered as h avin g a fo rm a l plan i f it s p e cifies at least the m in im u m number o f
days o f sick

le a v e a v a ila b le

to each e m p lo y e e .

Such a plan

allow a n ces d eterm in ed on an in d iv id u a l basis are ex clu d ed .

23

need

not

be w ritten ,

but

in form al sick le a v e

H o s p i t a l i z a t i o n in s u r a n c e c o v e r s h o s p ita l r o o m and b o a r d and m a y c o v e r
o t h e r h o s p it a l e x p e n s e s . S u r g i c a l i n s u r a n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d i c a l
in s u ran ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' f e e s f o r h o m e , o f f i c e , o r h o s p ita l c a lls .
P la n s
r e s t r i c t e d to p o s t - o p e r a t i v e m e d i c a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r ' s
care fo r m inor
a ilm e n ts at a w o r k e r ' s p l a c e o f e m p l o y m e n t a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be
m e d i c a l in s u ran ce .

" d e d u c t i b l e " ( e . g . , $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e f o r e b e n e fits b e g in , (2) has a c oin su ran c e
f e a tu r e that r e q u i r e s the i n s u r e d to p ay a p o r t i o n (e . g . , 20 p e r c e n t ) o f
c e r t a i n e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c i f i e d d o l l a r m a x i m u m o f b e n e fits ( e . g . ,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ) .

M a j o r m e d i c a l i n s u r a n c e c o v e r a g e ap p li es to s e r v i c e s w h ic h go
beyo nd the b a s i c s e r v i c e s
c o v e r e d under h o s p i t a l i z a t i o n , s u r g i c a l , and
m e d i c a l in s u ran ce .
M a j o r m e d i c a l in s u ran ce t y p i c a l l y (1) r e q u i r e s that a

R e t i r e m e n t p e n s ion plans p r o v i d e f o r r e g u l a r p aym ents to the r e t i r e e
for life.
Included a r e d e f e r r e d p r o f i t - s h a r i n g plans w h ich p r o v i d e the option
o f p u rch as in g a l i f e t i m e annuity.




Denta l i n s u r a n ce plans p r o v i d e n o r m a l dental s e r v i c e b e n e f i t s ,
usuall y f o r f i l l i n g s , e x t r a c t i o n s , and X - r a y s .
P l a n s w h ich p r o v i d e b e n e fits
o n ly f o r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a i r i n g accid en t d a m a g e a r e not rep o rte d .

24

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers w ithin scope of survey and number studied
in Akron, Ohio, 1 December 1976
N u m b e r o f e stablish m en ts
M in im u m
em ploym ent
in e s t a b lis h ­
m ents in scope
o f study

In d u stry d iv is io n 2

W o r k e r s in establish m en ts
W ithin scope of study

W ith in scope
o f study*

Studied
T o t a l4

Studied
N um ber

ALL D I V I S I O N S ----------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------- -----------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION, a n d
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 -----------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
---------------------------------RETAIL TRADE
-------------------------------------F I N A N C E , I N S U R A N C E , AN D R E A L E S T A T E
-------S E R V I C E S 8 -------------------------------------------

P e rc e n t

F u ll-t im e
plant w o r k e r s

F u ll-t im e
o ffic e w o r k e r s

Total4

517

138

1 2 3 ,6 3 6

100

6 3 ,1 6 2

2 0 ,1 4 8

7 9 ,6 3 7

58

“

232
285

80

7 3 .8 2 5
4 9 ,8 1 1

60
40

4 2 ,1 9 4
2 0 ,9 6 8

1 2 ,7 6 3
7 ,3 8 5

5 5 ,2 5 1
2 4 ,3 8 6

50
50
50
50
50

37
39
127
25
57

15
11
25
10
19

1 1 ,4 6 7
3 .1 4 1
2 4 ,7 1 5
4 ,7 7 6
5 ,7 1 2

9
3
20
4
5

4 ,5 3 9
( 6)

2 ,0 7 5
<6 )
<6 )

7 ,8 9 6
977
9 ,9 1 3
3 ,3 6 2
2 ,2 3 8

S O

<6 )
(7 >
<6 >

<6 )
<6 )

1 T h e A k r o n S ta n d a rd M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t is t ic a l A r e a ,
a s d e fin e d b y th e O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t and B u d g et th ro u g h F e b r u a r y 1974, c o n s is t s o f P o r t a g e an d S u m m it C o u n tie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in
s c o p e o f s tu d y " e s t im a t e s show n in th is ta b le p r o v id e a r e a s o n a b ly a c c u r a t e d e s c r ip t io n o f th e s i z e and c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
f o r c o m p a r is o n w ith o t h e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t tr e n d s o r l e v e l s s in c e (1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u ir e s e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s id e r a b ly in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o ll
p e r io d s tu d ie d , and (2 ) s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d it io n o f th e S ta n d a rd In d u s t r ia l C la s s if ic a t io n M a n u a l w a s u s e d to c l a s s i f y e s t a b lis h m e n ts b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3
In c lu d e s a l l e s ta b lis h m e n ts w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e the m in im u m lim it a t io n . A l l o u tle ts (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in in d u s t r ie s su ch a s t r a d e , fin a n c e , au to r e p a ir s e r v i c e , and
m o t io n p ic t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d a s 1 e s t a b lis h m e n t.
4 In c lu d e s e x e c u t iv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, p a r t - t i m e ,
and o t h e r w o r k e r s e x c lu d e d f r o m the s e p a r a t e p la n t and o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b lic u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - and B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
T a x ic a b s and s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l t o w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t io n a r e e x c lu d e d .
A k r o n 's l o c a l t r a n s it s y s t e m
is m u n ic ip a lly o p e r a te d
and is e x c lu d e d b y d e fin it io n f r o m th e s c o p e o f the stu d y.
6
T h is d iv is io n is r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " and " n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s ta b le s , and f o r " a l l in d u s t r ie s " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n o f d ata is
n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
(1 ) E m p lo y m e n t is to o s m a ll to p r o v id e en ou gh d a ta to m e r i t s e p a r a t e stu dy, (2 ) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a te
p r e s e n t a t io n , (3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s in s u ffic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to p e r m it s e p a r a te p r e s e n t a t io n , and (4 ) th e r e is p o s s i b i l i t y o f d is c lo s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t
d a ta .
7 W o r k e r s f r o m th is e n t ir e d iv is io n a r e r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r ie s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s ,
but
f r o m the r e a l e s t a t e p o r t io n o n ly in e s t im a t e s f o r " a l l
i n d u s t r i e s " and "n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g " in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s .
S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n o f d ata is n o t m a d e f o r on e o r m o r e o f th e r e a s o n s g iv e n in fo o tn o te 6.
8
H o t e ls and m o t e ls : la u n d r ie s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s : b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u to m o b ile r e p a ir , r e n ta l, and p a r k in g ; m o tio n p ic t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n iz a t io n s (e x c lu d in g r e lig io u s
an d c h a r it a b le o r g a n iz a t io n s ); and e n g in e e r in g and a r c h it e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

L a b o r-m a n a g em en t a g re e m e n t c o v e ra g e
T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tio n s h o w s th e p e r c e n t o f f u l l - t i m e p la n t and o f f i c e w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts in th e A k r o n a r e a in w h ic h a u n ion c o n t r a c t o r c o n t r a c t s c o v e r e d
a m a j o r i t y o f th e w o r k e r s in th e r e s p e c t i v e c a t e g o r i e s , D e c e m b e r 1976:

In d u s t r ia l c o m p o s it io n in m a n u fa c tu r in g
A l m o s t t w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in the A k r o n a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u fa c tu rin g f i r m s .
T h e fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a jo r in d u s tr y g ro u p s
an d s p e c i f i c in d u s t r ie s as a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u fa c tu r in g :
In d u s tr y g ro u p s

S p e c if ic in d u s tr ie s

R u b b e r and p la s t ic s p ro d u c ts __ 47
F a b r ic a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ___ _ _ 19
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _ 11
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t and
. 7
s u p p lie s .

P la n t w o r k e r s
A l l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________ 78
M a n u fa c t u r in g __________________________84
N o n m a n u fa c tu r in g ____________
67
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s _____________________ 98

T i r e s and in n e r t u b e s ___________ 40
F a b r ic a t e d s t r u c t u r a l m e t a l
10
p r o d u c ts
___
M e t a l s ta m p in g s
5

7

1
18
53

A n e s t a b lis h m e n t is c o n s id e r e d to h a v e a c o n t r a c t c o v e r in g a l l p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s
i f a m a j o r i t y o f su ch w o r k e r s i s c o v e r e d b y a la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t .
T h e r e fo r e ,
a l l o t h e r p la n t o r o f f i c e w o r k e r s a r e e m p lo y e d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts th a t e it h e r d o n o t h a v e
la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t c o n t r a c t s in e f f e c t , o r h a v e c o n t r a c t s th a t a p p ly to f e w e r th an h a l f o f
t h e ir p la n t or. o f f i c e w o r k e r s .
E s t im a t e s a r e n o t n e c e s s a r i l y r e p r e s e n t a t iv e o f th e e x te n t
to w h ic h a l l w o r k e r s in th e a r e a m a y b e c o v e r e d b y th e p r o v is io n s o f la b o r - m a n a g e m e n t
a g r e e m e n t s , b e c a u s e s m a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a r e e x c lu d e d and th e in d u s t r ia l s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y
is lim it e d .

T h is in fo r m a t io n is b a s e d on e s t im a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n iv e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d b e f o r e a c tu a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t io n s in v a r io u s in d u s tr y d iv is io n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on the r e s u lt s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh ow n in a p p e n d ix ta b le 1.




O f f ic e w o r k e r s

25

Appendix B.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g job d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r the B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s is to a s s i s t its
f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g into a p p r o p r i a t e occup ations w o r k e r s who a r e e m p l o y e d under a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l
t i t l e s and d i f f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s ta b l i s h m e n t to e s ta b l i s h m e n t and f r o m a r e a to a r e a . T h is
p e r m i t s the g ro u p in g o f o c c u p a tio n a l w a g e ra te s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b content.
B e c a u s e o f this
e m p h a s is on i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t and i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a tio n a l content, the B u r e a u 's job
d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m th o s e in use in in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n ts o r th o s e p r e p a r e d f o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s . In ap p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , the B u r e a u 's f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s tr u c te d to e xc lu d e
w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n ti c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g i n n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; and ha ndicapped, p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y ,
and p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A s s i g n e d as p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u al. M a i n ­
tains a c l o s e and h ig h ly r e s p o n s i v e r e l a ti o n s h i p to the d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f
the s u p e r v i s o r . W o r k s f a i r l y in d ep end ently r e c e i v i n g a m in i m u m o f d e ta ile d
s u p e r v i s i o n and guidance. P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l duties,
usually in cludin g m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
answ ers
persons;

d.

e. R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , and r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d by
o t h e r s f o r the s u p e r v i s o r ' s s ig n a tu r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l and t y p o g ra p h ic
accuracy;

a. R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , and in c o m in g m a i l ,
routine i n q u i r i e s , and route s t e c h n i c a l in q u i r i e s to the p r o p e r
b.

c.
i n s tr u c te d ;

E stablish es,

m a in ta in s , and r e v i s e s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ;

M aintain s the s u p e r v i s o r ' s




c a le n d a r and m ak es

ap pointm ents

as

R e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r v i s o r to su b or d in a te s ;

f.

P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic and ty p in g w o r k .

M a y a ls o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l and s e c r e t a r i a l tasks o f c o m p a r a b le
natu re and d if fi c u l ty . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f i c e routine
and understanding o f the o r g a n i z a t i o n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to
the w o r k o f the s u p e r v i s o r .

B eg in n in g w ith c a le n d a r y e a r 1976 s u r v e y s , the B u re a u has g ro u p ed occup ations stud ied in its
a r e a w a g e s u r v e y s into job f a m i l i e s in o r d e r to p r e s e n t i n f o r m a t i o n on r e l a t e d occup ations in s e qu e n c e .
Job f a m i l i e s ha ve not b e en t i t l e d , h o w e v e r , sin c e doing so m ig h t ha ve ad ded e x tr a n eo u s e l e m e n t s to the
jo b m a tc h in g p r o c e s s .
T h e B u re a u has also r e v i s e d s e v e r a l oc c u p a tio n a l t i t l e s .
usual w o r d o r d e r and a r e m o r e d e s c r i p t i v e o f the s u r v e y jo b s .

The r e v is e d titles m o r e n ea rly re fle c t

R e v i s e d oc c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s a r e b e in g i n t ro d u c e d this y e a r f o r : O r d e r c l e r k ; p a y r o l l c l e r k ;
s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r ; s w itc h b o a r d o p e r a t o r - r e c e p t i o n i s t ; t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e t y p i s t ( p r e v i o u s l y t i t l e d
t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r ) ; m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) ; and t o o l and die m a k e r . T h e y a r e the
r e s u l t o f the B u r e a u 's p o l i c y o f p e r i o d i c a l l y r e v i e w i n g a r e a w a g e s u r v e y o c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s in
o r d e r to take into account t e c h n o l o g i c a l d e v e l o p m e n t s and to c l a r i f y d e s c r i p t i o n s so that th e y a r e m o r e
r e a d i l y un derstoo d and u n i f o r m l y i n t e r p r e t e d . E v e n though the r e v i s e d d e s c r i p t i o n s r e f l e c t b a s i c a l l y the
s a m e oc c up atio ns as p r e v i o u s l y d e fin e d , s o m e r e p o r t i n g changes m a y o c c u r b e c a u s e o f the r e v i s i o n s .

26

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

E x c lu s io n s

N ot a l l
characteristics.
a r e as f o l l o w s :

p os it io n s that a r e t i t l e d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the above
E x a m p le s o f p o s itio n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m the d e fin ition

a. P o s i t i o n s
d e s c r i b e d ab ove;
b.

wh ic h

do not

m e e t the

"p erso n al"

secretary

con cept

4. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an ind iv id u al plant, f a c t o r y , etc . ( o r
o t h e r e qu iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e r s o n s ; o r

of p r o ­

5. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a l a r g e and im p o rt a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m i d d l e m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e gm e n t
o fte n i n v o l v i n g as m any as s e v e r a l hundred p e r s o n s ) o r a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 00 p e r s o n s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r s not fu l l y t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l - t y p e duties;

c. S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g as o f f i c e
fe ss io n a l, techn ical, o r m a n a g e ria l person s;

a s s is ta n ts

to a group

3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r
e i t h e r a m a j o r c o r p o r a t e w i d e functional a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h ,
o p e r a t i o n s , in d u s tr i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c . ) ojr a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ; a m a j o r d i v i s i o n ) o f a com pany that
e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 5, 000 but f e w e r than 25, 000 e m p l o y e e s ; o r

d. S e c r e t a r y p o s itio n s in w h ic h the duties a r e e i t h e r s u b s tantia lly
m o r e routine o r sub stantiall y m o r e c o m p l e x and r e s p o n s i b l e than th os e
c h a r a c t e r i z e d in the definition;
e. A s s i s t a n t - t y p e p o s itio n s w h ic h i n v o l v e m o r e d iffic u lt o r m o r e
resp on sible techn ical, a d m in istra tive, s u p e rv is o r y , o r sp ec ia liz ed c le r ic a l
duties w h ic h a r e not t y p i c a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o r k .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " used in the l e v e l d e fin ition s
f o l l o w i n g , r e f e r s to th o s e o f f i c i a l s who have a s i g n ific a n t c o r p o r a t e w i d e
p o l i c y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r com p any a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e
p r e s i d e n t , " though n o r m a l l y in d i c a t i v e o f this r o l e , does not in all c as e s
i d e n t i f y such p o s i ti o n s . V i c e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is to
act p e r s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c as e s o r tr a n s a c t i o n s (e . g . , a p p r o v e o r deny
in d iv id u a l lo an o r c r e d i t actions; a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l tr u s t accou nts ; d i r e c t l y
s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s ta f f ) a r e not c o n s i d e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r
p u r p o s e s o f ap ply in g the f o l l o w i n g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .
C la s s A
1 .
S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com p any
that e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 but f e w e r than 5, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a ir m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all, o v e r 5, 000 but
f e w e r than 25, 000 p e r s o n s ; o r
3. S e c r e t a r y to the head, i m m e d i a t e l y b e l o w the c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r
l e v e l , o f a m a j o r s e g m e n t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com pany that e m p l o y s , in all,
o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la s s B
1. S e c r e t a r y to the c h a ir m a n o f the b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a com pany
that e m p l o y s , in all, f e w e r than 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

C la s s C
1 .
S e c r e t a r y to an e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n wh os e r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y is not e qu iv a le n t to one o f the s p e c i f i c l e v e l situations in the d e fin ition
f o r c la s s B, but w h os e o r g a n i z a t i o n a l unit n o r m a l l y n u m b e rs at l e a s t s e v e r a l
d oze n e m p l o y e e s and is usually d iv i d e d into o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n ts whic h
a r e ofte n, in turn, f u r th e r su bdivided. In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , this l e v e l i n ­
clud es a w id e ran g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , only one o r two; o r

2. S e c r e t a r y to the head o f an in d iv id u a l plant , f a c t o r y , e tc . ( o r
o t h e r e au iv a le n t l e v e l o f o f f i c i a l ) that e m p l o y s , in all, f e w e r than 5 ,000
persons.
C lass D
1. S e c r e t a r y to the s u p e r v i s o r o r head
unit ( e . g . , f e w e r than about 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ;

o f a sm all organization al

2. S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m ­
p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e o f f i c e r , o r as s is ta n t , s k i l l e d te c h n ic ia n , o r e x p e r t .
(N O TE :
M any c o m p a n ie s a s s ig n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r than s e c r e t a r i e s as
d e s c r i b e d a b ov e , to this l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r . )
STENOGRAPHER
P r i m a r y duty is to tak e d ic ta tio n using sho rthand, and to t r a n s c r i b e
the d ic tatio n .
M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n copy.
May operate fro m a
s te n o g r a p h i c p o o l.
M ay o ccasion ally tra n scrib e fr o m vo ice reco rdin gs (if
p r i m a r y duty is t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
T yp ist).
N O T E : T h is job is d i s tin g u is h e d f r o m that o f a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l l y w o r k s in a c o n fid e n t ia l r e l a t i o n s h i p w ith on ly one m a n a g e r
o r e x e c u t i v e and p e r f o r m s m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e and d i s c r e t i o n a r y tasks as
d e s c r i b e d in the s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin ition .
Stenographer, G eneral

2. S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r than the c h a i r m a n o f the
b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t ) o f a com p any that e m p l o y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but f e w e r
than 5 ,00 0 p e r s o n s ; o r




keep

D ic ta tio n i n v o l v e s a n o r m a l routine v o c a b u l a r y . M a y m a in ta in f i l e s ,
s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

F IL E CLERK— Continued

S t e n o g ra p h e r, S e n ior
D ic tatio n i n v o l v e s a v a r i e d te c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y
such as in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y also set up
and m a in ta in f i l e s , k eep r e c o r d s , etc .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , cod e s , and f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by s i m p l e
(s u b je c t m a t t e r ) head ings o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l by f i n e r subhead ings.
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e r e l a t e d ind ex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e aids.
As r e q u e s t e d ,
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n ti f i e d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l .
M ay p e r ­
f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l tasks r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .

OR
P e r f o r m s s te n o g r a p h ic duties r e q u i r i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r i n ­
d epen den ce and r e s p o n s i b i l i t y than s te n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , as e v i d e n c e d by
the fo l l o w i n g :
W o r k r e q u i r e s a high d e g r e e o f s te n o g r a p h ic speed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou g h w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s in ess and o f f i c e p r o ­
c e d u re ; and o f the s p e c i f i c b u s in ess o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t i o n , p o l i c i e s ,
procedures, f i l e s ,
w o r k f l o w , etc.
U s e s this k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g
s te n o g r a p h ic duties and r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l tasks such as m ain ta in in g
fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , and l e t t e r s ;
c o m p o s in g s i m p l e l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s tr u c tio n s ; rea d in g and routing
in c o m in g m a i l ; and a n s w e r i n g routin e qu e s tio n s , etc.
TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T
P r i m a r y duty is to type c o p y o f v o i c e r e c o r d e d dictatio n w h ich does
not in v o l v e v a r i e d t e c h n i c a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y such as that used in
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a ls o typ e f r o m w r i t t e n
copy. M a y m a in ta in f i l e s , k e ep s i m p l e r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t i v e l y
routine c l e r i c a l ta s k s .
(See S t e n o g r a p h e r d e fin itio n f o r w o r k e r s in v o l v e d
w ith shorthand d ic ta tio n . )
TYPIS T
U s e s a t y p e w r i t e r to m a k e c o p ie s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s o r to m ak e
out b i l l s a f t e r c a lc u la tio n s have been m a d e by an oth er p e r s o n .
May in ­
clude ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s f o r use in duplicating
processes.
M a y do c l e r i c a l w o r k i n v o l v i n g l i t t l e s p e c i a l tr a i n i n g , such as
k e ep in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f i l i n g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r s o r ti n g and d is trib u tin g
in c o m in g m a i l .
C la s s A . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : T y p i n g m a t e r i a l
in fin al f o r m when it i n v o l v e s c om b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g , s y l l a b i c a t i o n , punctuation, e t c . , o f t e c h ­
n i c a l o r unusual w o r d s o r f o r e i g n lan guage m a t e r i a l ; o r planning lay out and
ty pin g o f c o m p l i c a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l ta b le s to m ain ta in u n i fo r m i ty and b a la n c e in
s p ac ing . M a y typ e routine f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y i n g d e ta ils to suit c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C la s s B . P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : C op y ty p ing f r o m
rough o r c l e a r d r a ft s ; o r routine ty p in g o f f o r m s , in s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e tc .;
o r setting up s i m p l e stan da rd ta bulation s; o r c op y ing m o r e c o m p l e x ta b les
a l r e a d y set up and s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .
F IL E CLERK
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , and r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in an e s t a b l i s h e d f i l i n g
s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m c l e r i c a l and m anual tasks r e q u i r e d to m ain ta in f i l e s .
P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d into l e v e l s on the b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g d e fin itio n s .
C l a s s A.
C l a s s i f i e s and in d e xe s f i l e m a t e r i a l such as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h n i c a l d o c u m e n ts , e t c . , in an e s ta b l i s h e d f i l i n g s y s t e m
con ta inin g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d subject m a t t e r f i l e s .
M a y also f i l e this
m ateria l.
M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s ty p es in conjunctio n w it h the f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g ro u p o f l o w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .




C la s s C . P e r f o r m s routin e f i l i n g o f m a t e r i a l that has a l r e a d y been
c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ic h is e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p l e s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t io n
s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e tic a l, c h r o n o l o g i c a l , o r n u m e r i c a l ) .
As requested,
l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s and f o r w a r d s m a t e r i a l ; and m a y
f i l l out w i t h d r a w a l c h a r g e .
M a y p e r f o r m s i m p l e c l e r i c a l and manual tasks
r e q u i r e d to m a in ta in and s e r v i c e f i l e s .
M ESSENGER
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s routine duties such as running e r r a n d s , op e r a tin g
m i n o r o f f i c e m a c h in e s such as s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , openin g and distr ibutin g
m a i l , and o t h e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k . E xc lu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u i r e o p e r a tio n
o f a m o t o r v e h i c l e as a s ig n if ic a n t duty.
SW IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a te le p h on e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le used with a p r i v a t e
b ra n c h e xcha ng e ( P B X ) s y s t e m to r e l a y i n c o m i n g , o u tgo in g , and i n t r a s y s t e m
calls.
M a y p r o v i d e i n f o r m a t i o n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and t r a n s m i t m e s s a g e s ,
k e e p r e c o r d o f c a lls p l a c e d and t o l l c h a r g e s . B e s i d e s o p e r a ti n g a te lep hon e
s w itc h b o a r d o r c o n s o l e , m a y als o ty p e o r p e r f o r m routine c l e r i c a l w o r k
(ty ping o r routine c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y occup y the m a j o r p o r ti o n o f the w o r k e r ' s
t i m e , and is u sually p e r f o r m e d w h ile at the s w i tc h b o a r d o r c o n s o le ). C h ie f o r
le a d o p e r a t o r s in e s ta b l i s h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one o p e r a t o r a r e
exc lu d e d . F o r an o p e r a t o r who a ls o acts as a r e c e p t i o n i s t , s e e Sw itc h b oard
O p erator-R ecep tion ist.
S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a
an o p e r a t o r —
w ork in vo lves
b u s in e s s and
p ria te person
a r r a n g i n g an

s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d o r c o n s o le , acts both as
s e e S w itc h b o a r d O p e r a t o r — and as a r e c e p t i o n i s t . R e c e p t i o n i s t 's
such duties as g r e e t i n g v i s i t o r s ; d e t e r m i n i n g nature o f v i s i t o r ' s
p r o v i d i n g a p p r o p r i a t e i n f o r m a t i o n ; r e f e r r i n g v i s i t o r to a p p r o ­
in the o r g a n i z a t i o n o r con ta cting that p e r s o n by tele p hon e and
ap pointm ent; k e ep in g a l o g o f v i s i t o r s .

ORDER CLERK
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e rb a l c u s to m e rs ' purchase o r d e rs fo r m a te ria l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e f r o m c u s t o m e r s o r s a le s p e o p l e .
W o rk ty p ica lly involves
s o m e c o m b in a tio n of the f o l l o w i n g d uties: Quoting p r i c e s ; d e t e r m i n i n g a v a i l a ­
b i l i t y of o r d e r e d i t e m s and s u g ge s tin g substitutes when n e c e s s a r y ; a d v is in g
e x p e c t e d d e l i v e r y date and m e t h o d o f d e l i v e r y ; r e c o r d i n g o r d e r and c u s t o m e r
i n f o r m a t i o n on o r d e r s h e e ts ; check ing o r d e r sheets f o r a c c u r a c y and
ad equacy o f i n f o r m a t i o n r e c o r d e d ; a s c e r t a i n i n g c r e d i t rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu r n is h in g c u s t o m e r w ith a c k n o w l e d g e m e n t o f r e c e i p t o f o r d e r ; f o l l o w i n g - u p
to s ee that o r d e r is d e l i v e r e d by the s p e c i f i e d date o r to let c u s t o m e r know
o f a d e la y in d e l i v e r y ; m ain ta in in g o r d e r f i l e ; ch e c k in g shipping i n v o i c e
again st o r i g i n a l o r d e r .

ORDER CLERK— Continued

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR

E x c lu d e w o r k e r s p aid on a c o m m i s s i o n b a s i s o r wh os e duties inclu de
any o f the f o l l o w i n g : R e c e i v i n g o r d e r s f o r s e r v i c e s r a t h e r than f o r m a t e r i a l
o r m e r c h a n d i s e ; p r o v i d i n g c u s t o m e r s w ith c o n su lta tiv e a d v ic e using k n o w le d g e
g aine d f r o m e n g i n e e r i n g o r e x t e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l tr a i n i n g ; e m p h a s i z i n g s e l l i n g
s k i l l s ; handlin g m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e as an i n t e g r a l p a r t o f the job .

O p e r a t e s a b oo k k e e p in g m ac h in e (with o r without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y ­
b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s in e s s t r a n s a c ti o n s .

P o sitio n s
d efin itio n s:

are

classified

into

levels

according

to

the

follow ing

C l a s s A . H an dles o r d e r s that i n v o l v e m ak in g jud gm ents such as
ch o os in g w h ich s p e c i f i c p ro duct o r m a t e r i a l f r o m the e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's p ro d uct
l in e s w i l l s a t i s f y the c u s t o m e r ' s n e e d s , o r d e t e r m i n i n g the p r i c e to be quoted
when p r i c i n g i n v o l v e s m o r e than m e r e l y r e f e r r i n g to a p r i c e l i s t o r m ak in g
s o m e s i m p l e m a t h e m a t i c a l ca lc u la tio n s .
C la s s B . Han dles o r d e r s i n v o l v i n g i t e m s wh ich have r e a d i l y i d e n ­
t i f i e d uses and ap p lic a tio n s . M a y r e f e r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u f a c t u r e r 's m anual,
o r s i m i l a r docum ent to in s u r e that p r o p e r i t e m is sup plied o r to v e r i f y
p r ic e of o r d e r e d item .

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K
P e r f o r m s one o r m o r e accounting c l e r i c a l tasks such as p os tin g to
r e g i s t e r s and l e d g e r s ; r e c o n c i l i n g bank accou nts ; v e r i f y i n g the in t e r n a l c o n ­
s i s t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , and m a t h e m a t i c a l a c c u r a c y o f acc ounting docum ents ;
a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d accounting d is trib u t io n cod e s ; e x a m in in g and v e r i f y i n g
f o r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s ty p es o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p o s tin g,
e t c . ; o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p l e o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p l i c a t e d j o u r n a l
vouchers.
M a y w o r k in e i t h e r a manual o r autom ate d accounting s y s t e m .
T h e w o r k r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m ethods and o f f i c e
p r a c t i c e s and p r o c e d u r e s wh ic h r e l a t e s to the c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g and r e ­
c o r d i n g o f tr a n s a c ti o n s and accounting i n f o r m a t i o n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , the
w o r k e r t y p i c a l l y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w it h the b oo k k e e p in g and accounting t e r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a s s ig n e d w o r k , but is not r e q u i r e d to have a
k n o w le d g e o f the f o r m a l p r i n c i p l e s o f b oo k k e e p in g and accounting.
P ositio n s
d efin ition s.

are

c la ssified

into

l e v e l s on the b a s is

of

the fo l l o w i n g

C la s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s accou nting c l e r i c a l
o p e r a t i o n s w h ich r e q u i r e the ap p lic ation o f e x p e r i e n c e and ju d g m e n t, f o r
e x a m p l e , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t i t i v e accounting t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , s e l e c t i n g amon g a substant ial v a r i e t y o f p r e s c r i b e d accounting codes
and c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g tr a n s a c t i o n s though p r e v i o u s ac cou nting actions
to d e t e r m i n e s o u r c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s .
M a y be a s s i s t e d by one o r m o r e
c l a s s B ac counting c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , f o l l o w i n g d e ta i l e d in s tr u c tio n s
and s ta n d a r d i z e d p r o c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e routine accounting
c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , such as p ostin g to l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e
i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f i t e m s and lo c a t io n s of p os tin gs a r e c l e a r l y in d ic ate d ; c h e c k ­
ing a c c u r a c y and c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s ta n d a rd iz e d and r e p e t i t i v e r e c o r d s or
accou nting doc u m e nts ; and coding docum ents using a f e w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t­
ing c od e s .




C la s s A . K e e p s a set o f r e c o r d s r e q u i r i n g a k no w le dg e o f and
e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c b oo k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , and f a m i l i a r i t y with the s tr u c tu r e
o f the p a r t i c u l a r ac cou nting s y s t e m used.
D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s and
d i s trib u t io n o f debit and c r e d i t i t e m s to be used in each phase o f the w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o lid a te d r e p o r t s , b alan ce s h e e ts , and o t h e r r e c o r d s by hand.
C la s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p hases o r s e ction s o f a
set o f r e c o r d s usuall y r e q u i r i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b oo kk e e p ing . P h a s e s
o r s e ctio n s include accounts p a y a b l e , p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' accounts (not i n ­
cluding a s i m p l e ty p e o f b i l l i n g d e s c r i b e d under m ac h in e b i l l e r ) , cost d i s ­
t r ib u tio n , e x p e n s e d is trib u tio n , i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e tc . M a y check o r a s s is t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a la n c e s and p r e p a r e c o n tr o l sheets f o r the accounting
d e p a rtm e n t.

M A C H IN E B IL L E R
P r e p a r e s s ta te m e n ts , b i l l s , and i n v o i c e s on a m ac h in e o t h e r than
an o r d i n a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r i t e r . M a y also k e ep r e c o r d s as to b il l i n g s
o r shipping c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b i l l i n g
o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , m ac h in e b i l l e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by type
o f m a c h i n e , as f o l l o w s :
B i l l i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a s p e c i a l b i l l i n g m achine (com b ination
ty p in g and adding m a c h i n e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s and i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s '
p u r ch a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r n a l l y p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , shipping m e m o r a n d u m s , etc .
U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a tio n o f p r e d e t e r m i n e d discounts and shipping c h arg es
and e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x te n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y not be com puted on
the b i l l i n g m a c h in e , and to ta ls w h ich a r e a u t o m a tic a lly accum ula te d by
m ac h in e . T h e o p e r a t i o n usually i n v o l v e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f carbo n c op ie s o f
the b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d and is ofte n done on a fan fo ld m ac h in e .
B o o k k e e p i n g - m a c h i n e b i l l e r . U s e s a b ookk eep ing m ac h in e (with o r
without a t y p e w r i t e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s as p a r t o f the
accounts r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t i o n . G e n e r a l l y i n v o l v e s the sim ulta neous e n tr y o f
f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m ac h in e a u t o m a tic a lly accum ula te s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l colum ns and com pute s and usually prin ts
a u t o m a t i c a l l y the debit o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
Does not in v o l v e a k n o w le d g e
o f b oo k k e e p in g .
W o r k s f r o m u n i fo r m and s ta n dard ty pes o f s a l e s and
cred it slips.

P A Y R O L L CLERK
P e r f o r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o l l s and to
m a in ta in p a y r o l l r e c o r d s . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P r o c e s s i n g
w o r k e r s ' t i m e o r p ro d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; adjustin g w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s f o r changes
in w a g e r a t e s , s u p p le m e n ta ry b e n e f i t s , o r ta x deduct ions; e d it in g p a y r o l l
lis ti n g s again st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; t r a c i n g and c o r r e c t i n g e r r o r s in li s t i n g s ;
and a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r a t i o n o f p e r i o d i c s u m m a r y p a y r o l l r e p o r t s . In a nonautom ated p a y r o l l s y s t e m , com p utes w a g e s . W o r k m a y r e q u i r e a p r a c t i c a l
k n o w le d g e o f g o v e r n m e n t a l r e g u l a t i o n s , c om p an y p a y r o l l p o l i c y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s t e m f o r p r o c e s s i n g p a y r o l l s .

KEYPUNCH OPERATOR

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — Continued

O p e r a t e s a keypunch m ac h in e to r e c o r d o r v e r i f y alp ha betic and/or
n u m e r i c data on tabulating c a r d s o r on tape.

f r o m this d e fin itio n a r e w o r k i n g s u p e r v i s o r s . A l s o e x c lu d e d are o p e r a t o r s
o f e l e c t r o n i c d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n though th ey m a y also o p e r a te e l e c t r i c
accounting m a c h in e equip m en t.

Positions
d e fin ition s .

are

cla ssified

fnto

l e v e l s on the

b a s is o f

Positions
defin ition s.

the f o l l o w i n g

c la ssified

into l e v e l s

on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p l e t e r e p o r t i n g and ta bulating a ssig n m en ts
includin g d e v i s i n g d if fi c u l t c o n tro l p ane l w i r i n g un der g e n e r a l s u p e rv is io n .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e a v a r i e t y o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r ts wh ich
often a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r i n g , r e q u i r i n g s o m e planning o f the nature
and sequencing o f o p e r a t i o n s , and the use o f a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s .
Is
t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e d in tr a i n i n g ne w o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a tio n s o r tr a in in g
l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and in the o p e r a ti n g sequences
o f lon g and c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
Does not in clude p o s itio n s in whic h w i r i n g
r e s p o n s i b i l i t y is l i m i t e d to s e l e c t i o n and i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w i r e d b oa r d s .

C la s s A . W o r k r e q u i r e s the ap p lic a tion o f e x p e r i e n c e and jud gm ent
in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e d u r e s to be f o l l o w e d and in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t i n g ,
s e l e c t i n g , o r cod ing i t e m s to be keyp unch ed f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e
docum ents .
On o c c a s i o n m a y als o p e r f o r m s o m e routine keypun ch w o r k .
M a y t r a i n i n e x p e r i e n c e d keypun ch o p e r a t o r s .
C la s s B . W o r k is routine and r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n
o r f o l l o w i n g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r in s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s sta nd­
a r d i z e d s o u r c e d ocum ents w h ic h h a ve b e en coded, and f o l l o w s s p e c i f i e d
p r o c e d u r e s w h ich ha ve b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e ta i l and r e q u i r e l i t t l e o r no
s e l e c t i n g , cod in g, o r i n t e r p r e t i n g o f data to be r e c o r d e d .
R e f e r s to su­
p e r v i s o r p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r codes o r m i s s i n g
i n f o r m a ti o n .

C la s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d i n g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s and
under s p e c i f i c in s tr u c tio n s .
A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e c o m p le t e but
routine and r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r ts o f l a r g e r and m o r e c o m p l e x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d i ffic u lt tabulating o r e l e c t r i c a l ac counting m ac h in e s such as
the ta b u la to r and c a l c u l a t o r , in ad dition to the s i m p l e r m ac h in e s used by
c la s s C o p e r a t o r s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to do s o m e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s .
M a y t r a i n ne w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m ac h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C la s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p l e tabulating o r
e l e c t r i c a l accounting m a c h in e s such as the s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r ep r o d u c in g
punch, c o l l a t o r , e tc . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e p o r tio n s o f a w o r k unit,
f o r e x a m p l e , in d iv id u a l s o r ti n g o r c o l l a t i n g runs, o r r e p e t i t i v e o p e r a tio n s .
May p e rfo rm
s i m p l e w i r i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , and do s o m e f i l i n g w o r k .

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R

c u la to r ,

are

O p e r a t e s one o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s such as the ta b u la to r , c a l ­
c o l l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c i n g punch, e tc .
E xc lu d e d

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B USINE SS— Continued

C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a l y z e s b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s to f o r m u l a t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s olv in g
t h e m by use o f e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g equip m ent. D e v e lo p s a c o m p le t e
d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p r e p a r e
r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
A n a l y z e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r o p e r a ti o n s to be autom ate d and id e n t i f i e s con ditions
and c r i t e r i a r e q u i r e d to a c h i e v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b er and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docum ents to be used; ou tlines actio ns to be
p e r f o r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te r s in s u f f ic ie n t d e ta il f o r p r e s e n ta tio n
to m an a g e m e n t and f o r p r o g r a m m i n g ( t y p i c a l l y this i n v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f
w o r k and data f l o w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a te s the d e v e l o p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s and
p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l runs o f new and r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; and r e c o m m e n d s
equ ipm en t changes to obtain m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l o p e r a ti o n s .
(N O TE :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a ly s is and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s ­
s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly sts i f this is the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , s y s t e m s an aly s ts a r e c l a s s i f i e d as fo l l o w s :
C la s s A .
W o r k s in d ep end ently o r under o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s i n v o l v i n g a l l phases o f s y s t e m a n a l y s i s .
P ro b le m s are
c o m p l e x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e ­
m en ts o f output data.
( F o r e x a m p l e , d e v e l o p s an i n t e g r a t e d p rod uction
s c hed uling, i n v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , cost a n a l y s i s , and s a l e s a n alys is r e c o r d in
w h ic h e v e r y i t e m o f e a c h ty p e is a u t o m a t i c a l l y p r o c e s s e d th rough the full
s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s and a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p ac tio ns a r e in it ia te d by the
c o m p u t e r . ) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g
p r o b l e m s and a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a t io n s o f new o r
r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f data p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a ti o n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s in s t a l l a t i o n s o r changes and f o r
obta in ing eq uip m en t.
M a y p r o v i d e func tio nal
who a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

D o e s not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
or system s
analysts p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g i n e e r i n g
p ro b lem s.




30

direction

to

low er le v el

s y s te m s

analysts

C l a s s B.
W o r k s ind ep end ently o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
p r o b l e m s that a r e r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p lic a te d to a n a l y z e , plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m i t e d c o m p l e x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f input data
a r e h o m o ge n eo u s and the output data a r e c l o s e l y r e l a t e d .
(F o r exam ple,

COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYS T, BUSINESS— Continued

COM PUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

d e v e l o p s s y s t e m s f o r m ain ta in in g d e p o s i t o r accounts in a bank, m ain ta in in g
accounts r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m ain ta in in g i n v e n t o r y
accounts in a m an u fac tu rin g o r w h o l e s a l e e s t a b l i s h m e n t . )
C o n f e r s with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m i n e the data p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s and a d v is e s
s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on the i m p l i c a t io n s o f the data p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s
to be ap p lie d.

A t this l e v e l , p r o g r a m m i n g is d i f fi c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip ­
m e n t m u s t be o r g a n i z e d to p ro d u c e s e v e r a l i n t e r r e l a t e d but d i v e r s e p r o ­
ducts f r o m n u m erous and d i v e r s e data e l e m e n t s .
A w id e v a r i e t y and e x ­
t e n s i v e n u m b e r o f i n t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g actions must o c c u r .
T h is r e q u i r e s
such actions as d e v e l o p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a tio n s wh ich can be r e ­
used, e s ta b lis h m e n t o f lin k ag e points b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , ad justm ents to
data when p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d c o m p u te r s t o r a g e c a p a c ity , and
sub sta ntial m an ip u latio n and r e s e q u e n c i n g o f data e le m e n t s to f o r m a
hig hly i n t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .

OR
W o r k s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p l e x data p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m ,
as d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . W o r k s in d ep end ently on routine a s s ig n m e n ts and
r e c e i v e s in s tr u c tio n and guidance on c o m p l e x a s s i g n m e n ts . W o r k is r e v i e w e d
f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t, c o m p lia n c e w ith in s tr u c ti o n s , and to in s u r e
p r o p e r a lig n m e n t w ith the o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C la s s C . W o r k s under i m m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g out a n a lys e s
as a s s i g n e d , u suall y o f a s in g le a c t i v i t y . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p
and exp an d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e in the ap p lic a tion o f p r o c e d u r e s and s k ills
r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a lys is w o r k . F o r e x a m p l e , m a y a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l
s y s t e m s analyst b y p r e p a r i n g the d e t a i l e d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u i r e d b y p r o ­
g r a m m e r s f r o m i n f o r m a t i o n d e v e l o p e d by the h i g h e r l e v e l analyst.

M a y p r o v i d e functional d i r e c t i o n
a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .

C la s s B . W o r k s ind ep end ently o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on
r e l a t i v e l y s i m p l e p r o g r a m s , o r on s i m p l e s e g m e n ts o f c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s ( o r s e g m e n t s ) usually p r o c e s s i n f o r m a t i o n to p ro d u c e data in two
o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s and lis ti n g s a r e p ro d u c e d by
r e f i n i n g , ad ap tin g, a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r addition s to o r d e letion s f r o m
input data w h ic h a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W h i l e nu m e rou s r e c o r d s m a y be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have b e en r e f i n e d in p r i o r actions so that the a c c u r a c y
and se que nc in g o f data can be t e s t e d by using a f e w routine checks. T y p i c a l l y ,
the p r o g r a m d eals w ith routin e r e c o r d k e e p i n g o p e r a t i o n s .

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B USINESS

OR

C o n v e r ts s ta te m e n ts o f b u s in e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p i c a l l y p r e p a r e d by a
s y s t e m s an aly s t, into a s equence o f d e t a i l e d in s tr u c tio n s w h ich a r e r e ­
q u i r e d to s o l v e the p r o b l e m s by a u tom atic data p r o c e s s i n g equip m ent.
W o r k i n g f r o m charts o r
d i a g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d e v e lo p s the p r e ­
c i s e i n s tr u c ti o n s w h ich , when e n t e r e d into the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in coded
lan g u a g e , cause the m anip ula tion o f data to a c h i e v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s .
W ork
i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : A p p l i e s k n o w le d g e o f c o m p u te r c a p a ­
b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , l o g i c e m p l o y e d b y c o m p u t e r s , and p a r t i c u l a r sub ­
j e c t m a t t e r in v o l v e d to an a lyz e charts and d i a g r a m s o f the p r o b l e m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d e v e lo p s s equence o f p r o g r a m s tep s; w r i t e s d e t a i l e d f l o w
c h arts to show o r d e r in w h ic h data w i l l be p r o c e s s e d ; c o n v e r ts th es e
c h a r ts to c od e d in s tr u c tio n s f o r m ac h in e to f o l l o w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in s tr u c tio n s f o r o p e r a t i n g p e r s o n n e l during p ro d u c tion
run; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , and a l t e r s p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t i n g e f f i ­
c i e n c y o r adapt to new r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m ain ta in s r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v e l o p m e n t and r e v i s i o n s . ( N O T E :
W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g both s y s t e m s a n a l­
y s i s and p r o g r a m m i n g should be c l a s s i f i e d as s y s t e m s an aly sts i f this is
the s k i l l used to d e t e r m i n e t h e i r p a y .)
D oe s not in clude e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r the m a n ­
a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f o t h e r e l e c t r o n i c data p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c i e n t i f i c and/or e n g i n e e r i n g
prob lem s.
F o r wage

study p u r p o s e s ,

program m ers

are

c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

C l a s s A . W o r k s in dependently o r un der o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n
on c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s w h ic h r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in all phases o f p r o ­
g r a m m i n g con ce p ts and p r a c t i c e s .
W o r k i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s and charts
w h ic h i d e n t i f y the natu re o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g steps to
be a c c o m p l i s h e d , and the r e la tio n s h ip s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s steps o f the p r o b ­
l e m s o l v i n g routin e; plans the f u ll rang e o f p r o g r a m m i n g actions ne e d e d
to e f f i c i e n t l y u t i l i z e the c o m p u te r s y s t e m in a c h i e v i n g d e s i r e d end p ro d u c ts .




to l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

W o r k s on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s
(as d e s c r i b e d f o r c las s A ) under
close d irectio n o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p erviso r.
M ay assist
h i g h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r b y in d ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d i ffic u lt tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d i f fi c u l t ta s k s un der f a i r l y c l o s e d i r e c ti o n .
M a y guide o r in s tr u c t l o w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C la s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic ation s o f p r o g r a m m i n g p r a c t i c e s
and c on cep ts usuall y le a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s .
A s s i g n m e n ts
a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e l o p c o m p e t e n c e in the a p p lic a tio n o f standard p r o ­
c e d u re s to routine p r o b l e m s .
R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on new asp e cts
o f a s s i g n m e n ts ; and w o r k is r e v i e w e d to v e r i f y its a c c u r a c y and c o n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u i r e d p r o c e d u r e s .
COMPUTER OPERATOR
M o n i t o r s and o p e r a t e s the c o n tr o l c o n s o le o f a d i g i t a l c o m p u te r to
p r o c e s s data a c c o r d i n g to o p e r a t i n g in s t r u c t i o n s , usually p r e p a r e d by a
p r o g r a m m e r . W o r k in clud es m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : Studies in s tr u c tio n s to
d e t e r m i n e e quip m en t setup and o p e r a t i o n s ; loads equipm en t w ith r e q u i r e d
i t e m s (tape r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c . ) ; s w itc h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y equip m en t into
c i r c u i t , and s ta r ts and o p e r a t e s c o m p u te r ; m a k es adjustm ents to c o m p u te r to
c o r r e c t o p e r a t i n g p r o b l e m s and m e e t s p e c i a l con dit io ns;
review s e r r o r s
m a d e dur ing o p e r a t i o n and d e t e r m i n e s caus e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m to s u p e r ­
v i s o r o r p r o g r a m m e r ; and m ain ta in s o p e r a t i n g r e c o r d s . M a y te s t and a s s i s t
in c o r r e c t i n g p r o g r a m .
For

wage

study

purposes,

c o m p u te r

operators

are

cla ssified

as

follow s:
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s i n d e p e n d e n tly , o r under on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : N ew
p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t l y t e s t e d and in tro d u ce d ; s ched uling r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e

COMPUTER OPERATO R— Continued

DRAFTER— Continued

o f c r i t i c a l i m p o r t a n c e to m i n i m i z e d ow n tim e; the p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p l e x
d e sig n so that i d e n t i f i c a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e ofte n r e q u i r e s a w o r k i n g k n o w ­
le d g e o f the t o ta l p r o g r a m , and a lte r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y not b e a v a i l a b l e .
M a y g i v e d i r e c t i o n and guidan ce to l o w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .

m a t e r i a l s to be used, loa d c a p a c i t i e s , s tr e n g t h s , s t r e s s e s , etc .
R eceives
in i t i a l in s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , and a d v i c e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p l e te d
w o r k is ch e c k ed f o r t e c h n i c a l adequacy.

C la s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e nd e ntly , o r un der on ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n , a
c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s ; M o s t
o f the p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d p ro d u c tion runs, t y p i c a l l y run on a r e g u l a r l y
r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e is li t t l e o r no te s ti n g o f n e w p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ;
a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v i d e d in c as e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m needs m a j o r change
o r cannot be c o r r e c t e d with in a r e a s o n a b l y sho rt t i m e .
In c o m m o n e r r o r
situ ation s , d ia g n o s e s cau se and ta k e s c o r r e c t i v e ac tion.
T h i s u sually i n ­
v o l v e s ap ply in g p r e v i o u s l y p r o g r a m m e d c o r r e c t i v e s te p s , o r using sta ndard
c o r r e c t i o n te c h n iqu e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s un der d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u te r running p r o g r a m s o r
s e g m e n ts o f p r o g r a m s w ith the c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c la s s A . M ay
a s s i s t a h i g h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d ep end ently p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if fi c u l t tasks
a s s i g n e d , and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t ta s k s f o l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n s tr u c tio n s and
w ith fre q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t i o n s p e r f o r m e d .

expected
a b i l i t y to
received
operator

C la s s C . W o r k s on routine p r o g r a m s un der c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n .
Is
to d e v e l o p w o r k i n g k n o w le d g e o f the c o m p u te r equip m en t used and
d e te c t p r o b l e m s i n v o l v e d in running routine p r o g r a m s . U s u a l l y has
s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n i n g in c o m p u te r o p e r a ti o n . M a y a s s i s t h i g h e r l e v e l
on c o m p l e x p r o g r a m s .

DRAFTER

C la s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p l e x i t e m s having
d i s t i n c t i v e d e s ig n f e a t u r e s that d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s ta b l i s h e d d ra ftin g
preceden ts.
W o r k s in c l o s e sup por t w it h the d e sig n o r i g i n a t o r , and m a y
r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h an ges. A n a l y z e s the e f f e c t o f eac h change on the
d e ta ils o f f o r m , fu nction, and p o s i t i o n a l r e l a ti o n s h i p s o f com ponents and
parts.
W o r k s w it h a m i n i m u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e . C o m p l e t e d w o r k
is r e v i e w e d by d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s te n c y w ith p r i o r e n g i n e e r i n g
d e t e r m i n a t i o n s . M a y e i t h e r p r e p a r e d ra w in g s o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n by
lo w e r le v e l d ra fters.

C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s nonroutin e and c o m p l e x d ra ft in g as s ig n m e n ts
that r e q u i r e the a p p lic a tio n o f m o s t o f the s ta n d a r d i z e d d ra w in g techn iq ues
r e g u l a r l y used.
Duties t y p i c a l l y i n v o l v e such w o r k as:
P r e p a r e s working
d ra w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r shapes, m u ltip le fu n c tio n s , and
p r e c i s e p o s i t i o n a l r e l a ti o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c om p one n ts ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i t e c t u r a l
d ra w in g s f o r c o n stru c tio n o f a b uil d in g in clu d in g d e ta i l d ra w in g s o f founda­
t io n s , w a l l s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p la n s , and r o o f .
U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s and
m anuals in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y com puta tions t o
d e t e r m i n e quantities o f




C la s s C . P r e p a r e s d e ta i l d ra w in g s o f s in g le units o r p arts f o r
e n g i n e e r i n g , c o n s t ru c tio n , m a n u fa c tu rin g, o r r e p a i r p u r p o s es .
Types of
d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d include i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s ( d e p ic tin g t h re e d im e n sio n s
in a c c u r a te s c a l e ) and s e c t i o n a l v i e w s to c l a r i f y p o s itio n in g of com ponents
and c on v e y n e e d e d i n f o r m a t i o n .
C o n s o lid a te s d e ta ils f r o m a n u m b er o f
s o u r c e s and adjusts o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le as r e q u i r e d . Su gg e sted m et hods o f
a p p ro ac h, a p p lic a b le p r e c e d e n t s , and a d v i c e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g ive n
w ith i n i t i a l a s s i g n m e n ts .
I n s tr u c tio n s a r e l e s s c o m p l e t e when ass ign m e n ts
r e c u r . W o r k m a y be s p o t - c h e c k e d dur ing p r o g r e s s .
D R AFTE R -TR AC E R
C o p ie s plans and d ra w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s by p la c in g tr a c i n g
cloth o r p a p e r o v e r d ra w in g s and t r a c i n g with pen o r p e n c il.
(D oes not
inclu de t r a c i n g l i m i t e d to plans p r i m a r i l y c on s is tin g o f s tr a ig h t l in e s and a
l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e l i n e a ti o n . )
AND/OR
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d ra w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
W o r k is c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d during p r o g r e s s .
E LE C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W o r k s on v a r i o u s ty p es o f e l e c t r o n i c e quip m en t and r e l a te d d e v i c e s
by p e r f o r m i n g one o r a c o m b in a tio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n s ta llin g , m ain ta in in g ,
r e p a i r i n g , o v e r h a u l i n g , t r o u b l e s h o o t i n g , m o d i f y i n g , c on stru c tin g, and te s tin g .
W o r k r e q u i r e s p r a c t i c a l ap p lic a tio n o f t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p r i n c i p l e s , a b i l i t y to d e t e r m i n e m a l f u n c ti o n s , and s k i l l to put equip m en t in
r e q u i r e d o p e r a t i n g con dition..
T h e e quip m en t— c o n s is tin g o f e i t h e r m a n y d i f f e r e n t kinds o f c irc u it s
o r m u l t i p l e r e p e t i t i o n o f the s a m e kind o f c i r c u i t — i n c lu d e s , but is not l i m i t e d
to , the fo l l o w i n g :
(a) E l e c t r o n i c t r a n s m i t t i n g and r e c e i v i n g equ ipmen t ( e . g . ,
r a d a r , r a d i o , t e l e v i s i o n , t e le p h o n e , s o n a r , n a v i g a t i o n a l a id s ), (b) d ig it a l
and an alo g c o m p u t e r s , and (c ) i n d u s t r i a l and m e d i c a l m e a s u rin g and c on­
t r o l l i n g equipm en t.
T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n e x c lu d e s r e p a i r e r s o f such standa rd e l e c t r o n i c
equipm en t as c o m m o n o f f i c e m a c h in e s and h o u s e h old r ad io and t e l e v i s i o n
s e ts ; p ro d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y duty is
s e r v i c i n g e l e c t r o n i c t e s t in s tr u m e n ts ; t e c h n ic ia n s who have a d m i n i s t r a t i v e
o r s u p e r v i s o r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y ; and d r a f t e r s , d e s i g n e r s , and p r o f e s s i o n a l
e n g in e e r s .
P ositio n s
defin ition s.

are

c la ssified

into l e v e l s

on the

b a s is o f the f o l l o w i n g

C la s s A . A p p l i e s ad vanced t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o lv e unusually
c o m p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th o s e that t y p i c a l l y cannot be s o l v e d s o l e l y by
r e f e r e n c e to m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' m anuals o r s i m i l a r d o c u m e n ts ) in w o r k i n g on

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

e l e c t r o n i c equipm ent.
E x a m p l e s o f such p r o b l e m s includ e l o c a t io n and
d e n s ity o f c i r c u i t r y , e l e c t r o m a g n e t i c ra d ia tion , i s o l a t i n g m alfu n c tio n s , and
fre qu en t e n g i n e e r i n g changes.
W o rk in volves:
A d e ta ile d un derstandin g o f
the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f circuits.; e x e r c i s i n g independent jud g m e nt in p e r ­
f o r m i n g such ta s k s as makin g c i r c u i t a n a l y s e s , c alc u latin g w a v e f o r m s ,
t r a c i n g r e la tio n s h ip s in s ig n a l f l o w ; and r e g u l a r l y using c o m p l e x te s t i n ­
str u m e n ts ( e . g . , dual t r a c e o s c i l l o s c o p e s , Q - m e t e r s , d e v ia tio n m e t e r s ,
p ulse g e n e r a t o r s ) .

C las s C . A p p l i e s w o r k i n g te c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to p e r f o r m s i m p l e o r
routine tasks in w o r k i n g on e l e c t r o n i c equip m en t, fo l l o w i n g d e ta ile d i n ­
s tru c tion s w h ic h c o v e r v i r t u a l l y a l l p r o c e d u r e s . W o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s such
tasks as: A s s i s t i n g h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s by p e r f o r m i n g such a c t i v i t i e s as
r e p l a c i n g com p one n ts , w i r i n g c i r c u i t s , and taking te s t re a d in g s ; r e p a i r i n g
s i m p l e e l e c t r o n i c equipm en t; and using to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in s tru m e n ts
( e . g . , m u l t i m e t e r s , audio s ig n a l g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c i l l o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u i r e d to be f a m i l i a r w ith the i n t e r r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c i r c u i t s .
T h is
k n o w le d g e , h o w e v e r , m a y be a c q u i r e d th rough a s s ig n m e n ts d e sig n e d to i n ­
c r e a s e c o m p e t e n c e (in cludin g c l a s s r o o m tr a i n i n g ) so that w o r k e r can ad vance
to h i g h e r l e v e l te c h n icia n .

W o r k m a y be r e v i e w e d by s u p e r v i s o r ( f r e q u e n tl y an e n g i n e e r o r
d e s i g n e r ) f o r g e n e r a l c o m p lia n c e w it h a c c e p t e d p r a c t i c e s .
M ay p rovide
t e c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r l e v e l te c h n icia n s .

C la s s B . A p p l i e s c o m p r e h e n s i v e t e c h n i c a l k n o w le d g e to s o l v e c o m ­
p l e x p r o b l e m s ( i . e . , th ose that t y p i c a l l y can be s o l v e d s o l e l y by p r o p e r l y
i n t e r p r e t i n g m a n u f a c t u r e r s ' manua ls o r s i m i l a r doc um e nts ) in w o r k i n g on
e l e c t r o n i c equipm ent.
W o r k i n v o l v e s : A f a m i l i a r i t y with the i n t e r r e l a t i o n ­
ships o f c i r c u i t s ; and ju d gm ent in d e t e r m i n i n g w o r k sequence and in s e l e c t i n g
to o l s and te s ti n g in s tr u m e n ts , usuall y l e s s c o m p l e x than th os e used by the
c la s s A te c h n icia n .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guidance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h i g h e r
l e v e l te c h n ic ia n , and w o r k is r e v i e w e d f o r s p e c i f i c c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p t e d
p r a c t i c e s and w o r k as s ig n m e n ts .
M a y p r o v i d e te c h n i c a l guidance to l o w e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n s .

R e c e i v e s t e c h n i c a l guid ance, as r e q u i r e d , f r o m s u p e r v i s o r o r h ig h e r
l e v e l te c h n icia n .
W o r k is t y p i c a l l y spot c heck ed , but is g iv e n d e taile d
r e v i e w when ne w o r advanced as s ig n m e n ts a r e in v o l v e d .
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A r e g i s t e r e d nu rs e who g i v e s n u rsing s e r v i c e under g e n e r a l m e d i c a l
d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r i n ju re d e m p l o y e e s o r o t h e r p e r s o n s who b e c o m e i l l o r
s u f f e r an ac c id en t on the p r e m i s e s o f a f a c t o r y o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m en t.
Duties i n v o l v e a com b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : G iv in g f i r s t aid to the i l l o r
in ju re d ; attending to subsequent d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; keeping
r e c o r d s o f patients t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g accid en t r e p o r t s f o r c om p en s ation o r
o t h e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in p h y s i c a l e xam in a tion s and health evaluations o f
ap pli cants and e m p l o y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y i n g out p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g
healt h education , ac c id en t p r e v e n t i o n , e v alu atio n o f plant e n v ir o n m e n t, o r
o t h e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g the healt h, w e l f a r e , and s a fe ty o f all p e rs o n n e l.
N u r s i n g s u p e r v i s o r s o r head n u rs e s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g m o r e than
one n u rs e a r e exclu d ed .

MAINTENANCE, TOOLROOM, AND POWERPLANT
M A IN T E N A N C E C AR PE N TE R

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N — Continued

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n tr y duties n e c e s s a r y to c on struct and m ain ta in
in g o o d r e p a i r build ing w o o d w o r k and equipm en t such as bins, c r i b s , c ou n te rs ,
b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s , c a s in g s , and t r i m m ad e o f w o od
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P la n n in g and
l a y in g out o f w o r k f r o m b lu e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l in s tr u c tio n s ;
using a v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's ha ndto ols , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , and standa rd
m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; m ak in g s ta n dard shop com putations r e la tin g to
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y f o r the w o rk .
In
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ainte n ance c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a in in g
and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv ale n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

w i r i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l equip m ent; and using a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n ' s handtools
and m e a s u r i n g and te s ti n g in s tr u m e n ts .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m a i n ­
te nance e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u i i o d
th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv a le n t tr a in in g and e x p e r i e n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e functions such as the i n ­
s ta lla t io n , m ain te n a n c e , o r r e p a i r o f equip m ent f o r the g e n e r a t i o n , d i s t r i ­
bution, o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s
m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : In s tallin g o r r e p a i r i n g any o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l
equip m en t such as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i tc h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s ,
c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heat ing units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o t h e r t r a n s ­
m i s s i o n equip m en t; w o r k i n g f r o m b l u e p rin ts , d r a w i n g s , la y o u t s , o r ot h e r
s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; l o c a t in g and d ia g n os in g t r o u b le in the e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r
equipm en t; w o r k i n g standard com putations r e l a t i n g to load r e q u i r e m e n t s o f




33

M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a i n t s and r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o r k , and fix tu r e s o f an e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w l e d g e o f s u r fa c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u i r e d f o r d i f fe r e n t ap p lic a tio n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r fa c e f o r
painting by r e m o v i n g old f in is h o r by p la c in g putty o r f i l l e r in n a il holes
and i n t e r s t i c e s ; and ap plying paint w ith s p r a y gun o r bru sh. M ay m i x c o l o r s ,
o i l s , w h ite le a d , and o t h e r paint i n g r e d i e n t s to obtain p r o p e r c o l o r o r con­
s i s te n c y . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n an c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s rounded
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usually a c q u ir e d th rough a f o r m a l ap p re n tic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r ts and new p a r ts in m ak ing r e p a i r s o f
m e t a l p a r ts o f m e c h a n i c a l equipm en t o p e r a t e d in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r i t t e n in s tru c tio ns and s p e c i f i c a ­
tio n s ; pieinning and la y in g out o f w o r k ; using a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's handtools

M AINTENANCE MACHINIST— Continued

M AINTENANCE P IP E F IT T E R — Continued

and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ; se ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g s ta n dard
m a c h in e t o o l s ; shaping o f m e t a l p a r ts to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m ak in g s ta n dard
shop com putations r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l i n g , f e e d s , ana sp eed s
o f m ac h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f the c o m m o n m e t a l s ;
s e l e c t i n g sta n da rd m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , and e quip m en t r e q u i r e d f o r this w o r k ;
and fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts into m e c h a n i c a l equipm en t. In g e n e r a l , the
m a c h i n i s t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a rounded tr a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p
p r a c t i c e usually a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l a p p r e n tic e s h ip o r e qu iv ale n t
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .

m eet specificatio n s.
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ainte n anc e p i p e f i t t e r
r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually a c q u i r e d thro ugh a f o r m a l
a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
W orkers p rim a rily
e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g and r e p a i r i n g b uild ing sanitation o r heating s y s t e m s
are exclu ded.

M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H AN IC (M A C H IN E R Y )
R e p a i r s m a c h i n e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e quip m en t o f an e s ta b lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s and m e c h a n i c a l
equip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d is m a n tlin g o r p a r t l y d is m a n tlin g
m a c h in e s and p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that m a i n l y i n v o l v e the use o f handtools in
s c r a p i n g and fittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b ro k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts w ith i t e m s
ob ta ined f r o m sto ck ; o r d e r i n g the p ro d u c tio n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p art by a
m ac h in e shop o r sending the m ac h in e to a m ac h in e shop f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ;
p r e p a r i n g w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s o r f o r the p ro d u c tio n o f
p a r ts o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e shops; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h i n e s ; and m a k in g a l l
n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents f o r o p e r a tio n .
In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f a m a c h i n e r y
m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u sually
a c q u i r e d th ro ugh a f o r m a l a p p re n ti c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x ­
p erien ce.
E x c lu d e d f r o m this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
duties i n v o l v e s e ttin g up o r adjusting m a c h in e s .
M A IN T E N A N C E M E C H A N IC (M O T O R V E H IC L E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and t r a c t o r s o f am e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : E x a m in in g a u to m o tiv e
equip m en t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b l e ; d i s a s s e m b l i n g equipm en t and p e r ­
f o r m i n g r e p a i r s that i n v o l v e the use o f such handtools as w r e n c h e s , g a u g e s ,
d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d equ ip m en t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fittin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r ts f r o m stoc k ; g r in d in g and adjustin g v a l v e s ; r e ­
a s s e m b l i n g and i n s t a l l i n g the v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in the v e h i c l e and m ak in g
n e c e s s a r y ad ju s tm e n ts ; and ali gnin g w h e e l s , adjusting b r a k e s and lig h ts , o r
tighten in g b od y b o lts . In g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m o t o r v e h i c l e m ain te n an c e
m e c h a n i c r e q u i r e s rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e usuall y a c q u i r e d th rough
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
T h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not in clu de m e c h a n i c s who r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s '
v e h i c l e s in au t o m o b ile r e p a i r shops.
M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
I n s ta lls o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s te a m , g a s , o r o t h e r ty p e s o f pip e and
p ip e f i tt in g s in an e s t a b lis h m e n t. W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : L a y i n g
out w o r k and m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e p o s i ti o n o f pip e f r o m d ra w in g s o r o t h e r
w r i t t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; cutting v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to c o r r e c t leng ths w it h
c h i s e l and h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t i n g m a c h i n e s ; t h re a d in g
p ip e w ith stocks and d i e s ; bendin g p ip e b y h a n d - d r i v e n o r p o w e r - d r i v e n
m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g p ip e w ith cou plin gs and f a s te n in g p ip e to h a n g e r s ;
m a k in g stan da rd shop com putations r e l a t i n g to p r e s s u r e s , f l o w , and s i z e o f
p ip e r e q u i r e d ; and m a k in g s ta n dard t e s t s to d e t e r m i n e w h e t h e r f in is h e d pipes




M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W ORKER
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , and m ain ta in s in g o o d r e p a i r the s h e e t - m e t a l
equip m en t and f i x t u r e s (suc h as m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e pans, s h e l v e s ,
l o c k e r s , ta n ks, v e n t i l a t o r s , chutes, ducts , m e t a l r o o f i n g ) o f an es tab lis h m en t.
W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g :
P l a n n in g and la y i n g out a l l ty p es of
s h e e t - m e t a l m a in te n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r ot h e r s p e c i f i c a ­
ti o n s ; s e ttin g up and o p e r a t i n g a ll a v a i l a b l e ty p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g
m a c h i n e s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools in cutting, b end ing , f o r m i n g , shaping,
f i tti n g , and a s s e m b l i n g ; and in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s as r e q u ir e d . Tp
g e n e r a l , the w o r k o f the m ain te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s rounder)
t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e u suall y a c q u i r e d th ro u gh a f o r m a l ap p re n tic es h ip o r
e qu iv a le n t t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s ta lls n e w m a c h in e s o r h e a v y equ ip m en t, and d is m a n tle s and
in s ta l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e quip m en t when changes in the plant layout are
r e q u i r e d . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t o f the f o l l o w i n g : P l a n n in g and l a y in g out w o r k ;
i n t e r p r e t i n g b lu e p rin ts o r o t h e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; using a v a r i e t y o f handtools
and r i g g i n g ; m a k in g stan da rd shop com puta tions r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s tr en gth
o f m a t e r i a l s , and c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; alig n in g and b alan cin g equipm ent;
s e l e c t i n g s tan da rd t o o l s , equ ip m en t, and p a r ts to be used; and i n s ta llin g and
m a in ta in in g in good o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e quip m en t such as d r i v e s and
speed red u cers.
In g e n e r a l , the m i l l w r i g h t ' s w o r k n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a
rounded t r a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e in the t r a d e a c q u i r e d th rough a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n i n g and e x p e r i e n c e .
M A IN T E N A N C E TRADES H E L P E R
A s s i s t s one o r m o r e w o r k e r s in - t h e s k i l l e d m ain te n an c e t r a d e s , by
p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c o r g e n e r a l duties o f l e s s e r s k i l l , such as k e ep in g a
w o r k e r sup p li ed w i t h m a t e r i a l s and t o o l s ; c le a n in g w o r k i n g a r e a , m ac h in e ,
and equip m en t; a s s i s t i n g j o u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r t o o l s ; and
p e r f o r m i n g o t h e r u n s k ille d tasks as d i r e c t e d b y j o u r n e y m a n .
T h e kind o f
w o r k the h e l p e r is p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to tr a d e :
In
s o m e t r a d e s the h e l p e r is con fin ed to s u p p lyin g, l i f t i n g , and holding m a t e r i a l s
and t o o l s , and c le an in g w o r k i n g a r e a s ; and in o t h e r s he is p e r m i t t e d to
p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e that a r e also
p e r f o r m e d by w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c i a l i z e s in o p e r a t i n g one o r m o r e than one ty pe o f m a c h in e
t o o l ( e . g . , j i g b o r e r , g r in d in g m a c h i n e , e ng in e la th e , m i l l i n g m a c h i n e ) to
m a c h in e m e t a l f o r use in m a k in g o r m a in ta in in g j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s ,
g a u g e s , o r m e t a l d ie s o r m o l d s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r
nonm etallic m a t e r ia l (e .g., p la s tic , p la s te r, rubber, gla s s). W ork ty p ica lly
i n v o l v e s : P la n n in g and p e r f o r m i n g d i f fi c u l t m ac h in in g o p e r a tio n s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p l i c a t e d setups o r a high d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; setting up m ac h in e

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATO R (TOOLROOM)— Continued

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

t o o l o r to o ls ( e . g . , i n s t a l l cutting to o ls and adjust g uid es, sto p s, w o r k i n g
t a b l e s , and o t h e r c o n tro ls to handle the s i z e o f stock to be m ac h in e d ;
d e t e r m i n e p r o p e r f e e d s , sp ee d s , t o o l i n g , and o p e r a t i o n s e quence o r s e l e c t
th os e p r e s c r i b e d in d r a w in g s , b l u e p rin ts , o r l a y o u t s ); using a v a r i e t y o f
p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s tr u m e n ts ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y ad justm ents dur ing
m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n to ac h ie v e r e q u i s i t e d im e n s io n s to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s .
M a y be r e q u i r e d to s e l e c t p r o p e r coo lants and cutting and l u b r i c a ti n g o i l s ,
to r e c o g n i z e wh en to o ls need d r e s s i n g , and to d r e s s t o o l s . In g e n e r a l , the
w o r k o f a m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r ( t o o l r o o m ) at the s k i l l l e v e l c a l l e d f o r in
this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n r e q u i r e s e x t e n s i v e k n o w le d g e o f m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c t i c e usually a c q u ir e d th ro u gh c o n s i d e r a b l e o n - t h e - j o b t r a i n i n g and
exp erien ce.

w o r k i n g to v e r y c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g m e t a l p a r ts and fi n i s h e d to o ls
and d ies to a c h i e v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; fittin g and a s s e m b l i n g p a r ts to p r e ­
s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s and a ll o w a n c e s .
In g e n e r a l , the t o o l and die m a k e r ' s
w o r k r e q u i r e s roun ded t r a i n i n g in m a c h i n e - s h o p and t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e
usuall y a c q u i r e d th ro ugh f o r m a l a p p re n tic e s h ip o r equiv ale nt t r a i n i n g and
experien ce.
F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
include t o o l and die m a k e r s who (1) a r e e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die job b in g
shops o r (2) p ro d u c e f o r g i n g d ies (d ie s i n k e r s ) .

S T A T IO N A R Y ENG IN EE R
O p e r a t e s and m ain ta in s and m a y als o s u p e r v i s e the o p e r a t i o n o f
s ta tio n a r y eng in e s and equip m ent ( m e c h a n i c a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to supply the
e s ta b lis h m e n t in w h ic h e m p l o y e d w ith p o w e r , he at, r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a i r con ditionin g.
W o r k i n v o l v e s : O p e r a t in g and m ain ta in in g equ ipm en t such as
s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b in e s , v e n tila t in g
and r e f r i g e r a t i n g e qu ip m en t, s t e a m b o i l e r s and b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r pum ps;
m ak in g equipm en t r e p a i r s ; and k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a ti o n o f m a c h i n e r y ,
t e m p e r a t u r e , and f u e l con su mptio n.
M a y als o s u p e r v i s e th es e o p e r a ti o n s .
H ead o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p l o y i n g m o r e than one e n g i n e e r
are exclu ded.

F o r c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e study p u r p o s e s , this c l a s s i f i c a t i o n does not
in clude m a c h i n e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s ( t o o l r o o m ) e m p l o y e d in t o o l and die jobbing
shops.

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R

C on s tr u c ts and r e p a i r s j i g s , f i x t u r e s , cutting t o o l s , gau g es , o r
m e t a l d ies o r m o ld s used in shaping o r f o r m i n g m e t a l o r n o n m e t a l l i c
m a t e r i a l ( e . g . , p l a s t i c , p l a s t e r , ru b b e r, g l a s s ) .
W ork typ ica lly in v o lve s :
P la n n in g and la y in g out w o r k a c c o r d i n g to m o d e l s , b l u e p r in ts , d r a w i n g s , o r
o t h e r w r i t t e n o r o r a l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; understa ndin g the w o r k i n g p r o p e r t i e s o f
c o m m o n m e t a l s and a l l o y s ; s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , and
p r o c e s s e s r e q u i r e d to c o m p le t e task; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y shop com puta tions;
setting up and o p e r a t i n g v a r i o u s m ac h in e t o o l s and r e l a t e d equip m ent; using
v a r i o u s t o o l and die m a k e r ' s handtools and p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s tr u m e n ts ;

B O IL E R T E N D E R
F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to fu r n is h the e s ta b lis h m en t in wh ich e m ­
p l o y e d w ith he at, p o w e r , o r s te a m .
F e e d s fuels to f i r e by hand o r
o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n i c a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o i l b u r n e r ; and checks w a t e r and
s a f e ty v a l v e s . M a y c le a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m equ ip m en t.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
T R U C K D R IV E R

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K — Continued

D r i v e s a tr u c k with in a c ity o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s ,
m e r c h a n d i s e , equip m en t, o r w o r k e r s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s ty p es o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
such as:
M an u fa ctu rin g p la nts, f r e i g h t de po ts , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a l e and
r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b lis h m e n ts and c u s t o m e r s * houses
o r p l a c e s o f b u s in e s s .
M a y als o loa d o r unload tr u c k w ith o r without
h e l p e r s , m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n i c a l r e p a i r s , and k e ep tr u c k in good w o r k i n g
o r d e r . S a l e s - r o u t e and o v e r - t h e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c l u d e d .

i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f shipping p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r ou te s , a v a i l a b l e
m ea n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t i o n , and r a t e s ; and p r e p a r i n g r e c o r d s o f the goods
ship ped, m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p ostin g w e i g h t and shipping c h a r g e s , and
k e e p in g a f i l e o f shipping r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g the
m e r c h a n d i s e f o r shipm en t. R e c e i v i n g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r i f y i n g o r d i r e c t i n g
o t h e rs in v e r i f y i n g t h e ’ c o r r e c t n e s s o f shipm en ts against b i l l s o f la d in g , i n ­
v o i c e s , o r o t h e r r e c o r d s ; check ing f o r s h o r ta g e s and r e j e c t i n g d a m a g e d good s ;
routin g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a rtm e n ts ; and m ain ta in in g
n e c e s s a r y r e c o r d s and file s.

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d by s i z e and
ty p e o f e q u ip m en t, as f o l l o w s : ( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r should be r a te d on the b a s is
o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)
T ru ck d river,
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d rive r,
T ru ck d river,

F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d as f o l l o w s :

lig ht tr u c k (un der IV 2 to ns)
m e d i u m tr u c k ( 1 V2 to and in clu d in g 4 to n s )
h e a v y tr u c k ( t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )
h e a v y tru c k ( o t h e r than t r a i l e r ) ( o v e r 4 to n s )

Sh ipping c l e r k
R eceivin g clerk
Sh ipping and r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

S H IP P IN G AND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

WAREHOUSEMAN

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r ship m en t, o r r e c e i v e s and is r e s p o n s i b l e
f o r i n c o m i n g ship m en ts o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l s .
Shipping w o r k

A s d i r e c t e d , p e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f w a r e h o u s in g duties w h ich r e q u i r e
an understa nding o f the e s t a b l i s h m e n t ' s s t o r a g e p l a n . W o r k i n v o l v e s m o s t




35

WAREHOUSEMAN— Continued

M A TE R IA L HANDLING LABORER— Continued

o f the f o l l o w i n g : V e r i f y i n g m a t e r i a l s ( o r m e r c h a n d i s e ) against r e c e i v i n g
d ocum ents , noting and r e p o r t i n g d i s c r e p a n c i e s and ob vious d a m a g e s ; routing
m a t e r i a l s to p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e lo c a t i o n s ; s t o r i n g , sta cking, o r p a l l e t i z i n g
m a t e r i a l s in a c c o r d a n c e w ith p r e s c r i b e d s t o r a g e m eth od s ; r e a r r a n g i n g and
ta king i n v e n t o r y o f s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s ; e x a m in in g s t o r e d m a t e r i a l s and r e ­
p o r tin g d e t e r i o r a t i o n and damag'e; r e m o v i n g m a t e r i a l f r o m s t o r a g e and
p r e p a r i n g it f o r shipment. M a y o p e r a t e hand o r p o w e r tr uck s in p e r f o r m i n g
w a r e h o u s in g duties.

c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o t h e r tr a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , Or p la c in g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; and t r a n s p o r ti n g
m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e by handtruck, c a r , o r w h e e l b a r r o w .
Longshore
w o r k e r s , who loa d and unload ships, a r e e x c l u d e d .

E xclud e w o r k e r s w h os e p r i m a r y duties i n v o l v e shipping and r e c e i v i n g
w o r k ( s e e Shipping and R e c e i v i n g C l e r k and Shipping P a c k e r ) , o r d e r f i l l i n g
(s e e O r d e r F i l l e r ) , o r o p e r a tin g p o w e r tru c k s ( s e e P o w e r - T r u c k O p e r a t o r ) .

PO W E R -TR U C K O PE R A TO R
O p e r a t e s a m a n u a lly c o n t r o l l e d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d tru c k
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o r t goods and m a t e r i a l s o f a l l kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m an u fac tu rin g plant, o r o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t.
F o r w a g e study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e
t r u c k , as fo l l o w s :

c l a s s i f i e d by type o f p o w e r -

ORDER F IL L E R
F i l l s shipping o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r fin is h e d goods f r o m s t o r e d
m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a le s s li p s , c u s t o m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r o t h e r i n s tr u c tio n s . M a y , in addition to f i l l i n g o r d e r s and ind icatin g
i te m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e ep r e c o r d s o f ou tg oing o r d e r s , r e q u i s i t i o n ad d i­
ti o n a l stock o r r e p o r t s h o rt suppli es to s u p e r v i s o r , and p e r f o r m o t h e r r e l a t e d
duties.
S H IP P IN G P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p ro d u c ts f o r shipment o r s t o r a g e by p la c in g th em
in shipping c o n ta in e r s , the s p e c i f i c o p e r a tio n s p e r f o r m e d b ein g dependent
upon the ty p e, s i z e , and n u m b e r o f units to be p ac k ed , the ty pe o f c on ta in e r
e m p l o y e d , and m eth o d o f ship m ent.
W o r k r e q u i r e s the p lac in g o f i t e m s in
shipping con tain e rs and m a y i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g : K n o w le d g e
o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f sto ck in o r d e r to v e r i f y content; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r ia t e
typ e and s i z e o f c on ta in e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c on tain e r ; using e x c e l s i o r
o r o t h e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c lo s in g and s e alin g
con tainer; and ap ply in g la b e ls o r e n te r in g i d e n tify in g data on con tain e r.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ak e wo od en b ox es o r c r a te s a r e exclu ded.
M A T E R I A L H A N D LIN G L A B O R E R
A w o r k e r e m p l o y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m anufactu rin g plant, s t o r e , o r
ot h e r e s ta b l i s h m e n t wh os e duties i n v o l v e one o r m o r e o f the f o l l o w i n g :
L o a d in g and unloading v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s and m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t




F o r k lift operator
P o w e r - t r u c k o p e r a t o r ( o t h e r than f o r k l i f t )

GUARD AND W A TC H M A N
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s routine p o l i c e d uties, e i t h e r at f ix e d post o r on
t o u r , m ain ta in in g o r d e r , using a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
Includes
guar ds who a r e statio ned at gate and check on i d e n tity o f e m p l o y e e s and
other persons en te rin g .
W a t c h m a n . M a k e s rounds o f p r e m i s e s
p r o p e r t y again st f i r e , th eft, and i l l e g a l e n try .

p erio d ically

in p r o t e c t i n g

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C L E A N E R
C leans and k e ep s in an o r d e r l y con dition f a c t o r y w o r k i n g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m i s e s o f an o f f i c e , a p a r tm en t house, o r c o m m e r c i a l o r
o t h e r e s ta b lis h m e n t. Duties i n v o l v e a c om b in atio n o f the f o l l o w i n g : S w ee p in g ,
m op p in g o r s c ru b b in g , and p o lis h in g f l o o r s ; r e m o v i n g chips, t r a s h , and oth e r
r e f u s e ; dusting equip m en t, f u r n i t u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o lis h in g m e t a l fi x t u r e s o r
t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d i n g suppli es and m i n o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; and cleaning
l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w e r s , and r e s t r o o m s .
W o r k e r s who s p e c i a l i z e in win dow
w as h ing a r e e x c l u d e d .

Area Wage Surveys
A list of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A directory of area wage studies including more limited studies conducted at the request of the
Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins may be purchased fro m any of the BLS regional offices shown
on the back cover o r from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402
Area
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1976 1__________________________________________
Albany-Schenectady— ro y, N .Y ., Sept. 1976_____________________
T
Anaheim—
Santa Ana-Garden Grove, C alif., Oct. 1976____________
Atlanta, Ga., M ay 1976___________________________________________
Austin, Tex., Dec. 19751 _ ______________________________________
_
B altim ore, Md., Aug. 1976________________________________________
B illin gs, Mont., July 1976_________________________________________
Binghamton, N .Y ^ P a ., July 1976 1_______________________________
Birmingham, A la., M ar. 19761
____________________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1976_________________________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1976___________________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1976_____________________ _____________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1976_______________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1976____________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., M ar. 1976____________________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1976___________________ ____________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1976________________________________________
Corpus C hristi, T ex., July 1976__________________________________
Dallas— o r t Worth, Tex., Oct. 1976______________________________
F
Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iow a-Ill., Feb. 1976____________
M
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1975___________________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1976___________________________________
Denver—Boulder, C olo., Dec. 1976_______________________________
Detroit, Mich., M ar. 19761
________________________________________
F o rt Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach—
Boca Raton, F la ., Apr. 1976____________________________________
F resno, C alif., June 1976_________________________________________
G ain esville, F la., Sept. 1976______________________________________
Green Bay, W is., July 1976_______ _______________________________
Greensboro—
Winston-Salem—
High Point, N.C., Aug. 1976________
G reen ville—
Spartanburg, S.C., June 1976 1_______________________
H artford, Conn., M ar. 1976_______________________________________
Houston, T ex., A p r. 1976_________________________________________
Huntsville, A la., Feb. 1976 _______________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1976______________________________________
Jackson, M iss., Feb. 1976_________________________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1975_____________________________________
Kansas City, Mo.—
Kans., Sept. 1976 1
_____________________________
Lexington—
Fayette, K y., Nov. 19751______________________________
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1975 1 ____________________
Lou isville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1976___________________________________
Melbourne— itu s v ille —
T
Cocoa, F la ., Aug.1975____________________
Memphis, Tenn.— rk^-M iss., Nov. 1976 1
A
_______________________
* Prices are determined by the Government Printing O ffice and are subject to change.
* Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




Bulletin number
and p ric e *
1900-76,
1900-59,
1900-67,
1900-30,
1850-83,
1900-52,
1900-39,
1900-49,
1900-11,
1900-53,
1900-70,
1900-28,
1900-57,
1900-32,
1900-7,
1900-62,
1900-68,
1900-41,
1900-63,
1900-25,
1850-73,
1900-45,
1900-73,
1900-15,

85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
85 cents
75 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
75 cents
55 cents
55 cents
$1.05
75 cents
95 cents
75 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
45 cents
45 cents
85 cents
$1.25

1900-20,
1900-29,
1900-54,
1900-37,
1900-47,
1900-36,
1900- 14,
1900-26,
1900- 17,
1900-58,
1900-8,
1850-81,
1900-60,
1850-84,
1850-86,
1900-69,
1850-54,
1900-75,

55 cents
55 cents
45 cents
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents
55 cents
85 cents
55 cents
75 cents
55 cents
45 cents
$1.05
75 cents
$1.15
55 cents
65 cents
85 cents

Area
M iam i, F la., Oct. 1976___________________________________________
Milwaukee, W is., A p r. 1976______________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn,— is., Jan. 1976____________________
W
Nassau—
Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1976_________________________________
Newark, N.J., Jan. 1976__________________________________________
New Orleans, La., Jan. 1976_____ ________________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1976__________________________________
Norfolk— irgin ia Beach—
V
Portsmouth, V a ^ N .C ., May 19761____
Norfolk— irgin ia Beach—
V
Portsmouth and Newport News—
Hampton, Va.—
N.C., May 1976 1_____________ __________________
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1976_______________________________
Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1976_________________________________
Omaha, Nebr^-Iowa, Oct. 1976____________________________________
Paterson—
Clifton— assaic, N.J., June 1976______________________
P
Philadelphia, P a ^ N .J ., Nov. 1976 1
______________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 19761 ______________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1976 1____________________________________
Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1976_______________________________
Poughkeepsie, N .Y ., June 1976___________________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y ., June 1976_____________
Providen ce—
Warwick—Pawtucket, R .I.— ass., June 1976________
M
Raleigh—
Durham, N.C., Feb. 1976_______________________________
Richmond, Va., June 1976_________________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., M ar. 19761 __________________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1976____________________________________
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1976 1 ______________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1976__________________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1976_____________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1975______________________________________
San F ran cisco—
Oakland, C alif., M ar. 1976______________________
San Jose, C alif., M ar. 1976_______________________________________
S eattle-E verett, Wash., Jan. 1976_______________________________
South Bend, Ind., M ar. 1976______________________________________
Stamford, Conn., May 19761______________________________________
Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1976 ________________________________________
Toledo, Ohio—
Mich., May 1976____________________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1976_________________________________________
Utica^Rom e, N .Y ., July 19751____________________________________
Washington, D.C.—
Md^-Va., M ar. 1976___________________________
W estchester County, N .Y ., May 1976____________________________
Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1976_____________ ___________________________
W orcester, M ass., Apr. 1976____________________________________
Y ork, P a., Feb. 1976_____________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p r i c e *
1900-66,
1900-22,
1900-3,
1900-35,
1900-10,
1900-2,
1900-48,
1900-27,

75 cents
85 cents
95 cents
85 cents
85 cents
75 cents
$1.05
85 cents

1900-33, 85 cents
1900-43, 65 cents
1900-42, 55 cents
1900-61, 55 cents
1900-38, 55 cents
1900-64, $1.10
1900-1, $1.15
1900-72, 85 cents
1900-51, 75 cents
1900-50, 45 cents
1900-55, 55 cents
1900-31, 75 cents
1900- 18, 55 cents
1900-34, 65 cents
1900- 19, $1.25
1900-71, 55 cents
1900-74, 75 cents
1900-65, 55 cents
1900-23, 65 cents
1850-77, 45 cents
1900-9; 95 cents
1900-13, 75 cents
1900-6, 65 cents
1900-5, 55 cents
1900-40, 85 cents
1900-44, 55 cents
1900-24, 55 cents
1900-56, 55 cents
1850-48, 80 cents
1900-12, 85 cents
1900-46, 55 cents
1900-21, 55 cents
1900- 16, 55 cents
1900-4, 55 cents

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I
1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)
Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

jgion II
Region III
Region IV
3535 Market Street,
Suite 3400
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
1515 Broadway
P.O. Box 13309
New York, N.Y. 10036
Atlanta. Ga. 30309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404)
Phone: 662-5406 (Area Code 212)
Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Regions IX and X
Region V
.Region VI
Regions VII and VIII
Federal Office Building
450 Golden Gate Ave.
9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St.
Second Floor
Box 36017
911 Walnut St.. 15th Floor
Chicago, III. 60604
555 Griffin Square Building
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)
Illinois
IX
X
VII
VIII
Arkansas
Indiana
Arizona
Alaska
Iowa
Colorado
Michigan
Louisiana
California
Idaho
Kansas
Montana
Minnesota
New Mexico
Hawaii
Oregon
Missouri
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Nevada
Washington
Nebraska
South Dakota
Wisconsin
Texas
Utah
Wyoming