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AREA WAGE SURVEY
Akron, Ohio, M etropolitan A rea,
Decem ber 1972
Bulletin 1775-36




U S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
_ _ Bureau of Labor Statistics




P re fa c e
This bulletin p rovides results of a D ecem ber 1972 su rvey o f occupational
earnings in the Akron, Ohio, Standard M etropolitan S tatistical A re a (P o rta ge
and Summit C om ities).
The su rvey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor
S tatistics' annual area wage survey program . The p ro gra m is designed to yield
data fo r individual m etropolitan areas, as w e ll as national and region al e s ti­
m ates fo r a ll Standard M etropolitan A re a s in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii, (as defined by the U.S. O ffic e of Management and Budget through
N ovem ber 1971).
A m ajor consideration in the area wage su rvey p rogra m is the need to
d escribe the le v e l and m ovem ent of wages in a v a rie ty of labor m arkets, through
the analysis of (1) the le v e l and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the
m ovem ent o f wages by occupational category and sk ill le v e l.
The p rogram de­
velops inform ation that m ay be used fo r many purposes, including wage and
salary adm inistration, c o lle c tiv e bargaining, and assistance in determ ining plant
location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Departm ent of Labor to make
wage determ inations under the S ervice Contract A ct of 1965.
C urrently, 96 areas are included in the program . (See lis t of areas on
inside back co v e r.)
In each area, occupational earnings data are co llected
annually. Inform ation on establishm ent p ractices and supplem entary wage b en e­
fits , collected e v e ry second yea r in the past, is now obtained e v e ry third year.
Each year after a ll individual area w age surveys have been com pleted,
two sum m ary bulletins are issued.
The fir s t brings togeth er data fo r each
m etropolitan area surveyed. The second sum m ary bulletin presents national and
region al estim ates, p rojected fro m individual m etropolitan area data.
The Akron su rvey was conducted by the B ureau's region al o ffic e in
Chicago, 111., under the gen eral d irection of P e te r J. Hebein, Acting A ssistan t
Regional D irecto r fo r O perations. The survey could not have been accom plished
without the cooperation of the many firm s whose wage and sa la ry data provided
the basis fo r the statistical inform ation in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to
express sin cere appreciation fo r the cooperation received .

AREA WAGE SURVEY

B ulletin 1775-36
U.S. D E P A R T M E N T O F L A B O R , Peter J. Brennan, Secretary

M a r c h 1973

B U R E A U OF LA BO R S T A T IS T IC S , Ben Burdetsky, Deputy Commissioner

Akron, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, December 1972
CONTENTS
Page

2 Introduction
5 W age trends fo r s elected occupational groups

T a b les:
4
6

1. E stablishm ents and w o rk e rs w ithin scope o f su rvey and number studied
2. Indexes o f earnings fo r s e le c te d occupational groups, and percen ts o f in crea se fo r s e le c te d period s
A.

7
9
10
11
12
15

Occupational earn in gs:
A - l . O ffic e occupations: W eek ly earnings
A -2 . P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupations: W eek ly earnings
A -3 . O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and tech n ica l occupations: A v e r a g e w eek ly earn in gs, by sex
A -4 . M aintenance and pow erplant occupations: H ou rly earnings
A -5 . C ustodial and m a te ria l m ovem en t occupations: H ou rly earnings

Appendix.

O ccupational descrip tion s




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, or B L S Regional Offices listed on back cover.
Price: 40 cents domestic postpaid or 30 cents over-the-counter. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents.

1

In tro d u c tio n
T h is a re a is 1 o f 96 in w hich the U.S. D epartm ent of L a b o r 's
Bureau o f L a b or S tatistics conducts su rveys o f occupational earnings
on an a reaw id e basis annually.1 F ie ld re p re s e n ta tiv e s , in p erson a l
v is its to establishm ents in the a re a , c o lle c t em ploym ent, earn in gs,
establish m en t p ra c tic e s , and re la te d b en efits in form ation e v e r y third
y e a r.
In each of the in terven in g y e a r s , in form a tion on em ploym ent
and earnings is c o lle c te d by m a il qu estion n aires fro m establishm ents
p a rticip a tin g in the p reviou s su rvey. T h is b u lletin p resen ts the resu lts
o f the la tte r type su rvey.

(3) m aintenance and pow erplan t; and (4) cu stodial and m a te r ia l m o v e ­
ment.
Occupational c la s s ific a tio n is based on a u n iform set of job
d escrip tion s design ed to take account of in teresta b lish m en t v a ria tio n
in duties within the same job. The occupations selected fo r study are
lis te d and d esc rib e d in the appendix. Unless o th erw ise indicated, the
earnings data fo llo w in g the job title s a re fo r a ll in d u stries com bined.
E arn in gs data fo r som e o f the occupations lis te d and d escrib ed , or
fo r som e industry d ivisio n s w ithin occupations, a re not presen ted in
the A - s e r ie s ta b les, because eith er (1) em ploym en t in the occupation
is too sm a ll to p ro v id e enough data to m e r it presen tation , o r (2) th ere
is p o s s ib ility o f d is c lo s u re o f individual establish m en t data. E arnings
data not shown se p a ra te ly fo r industry d ivisio n s a re included in a ll
in du stries com bined data, w h ere shown. L ik e w is e , data a re included
in the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a su b classification , o f s e c re ta rie s
o r tru c k d riv e rs is not shown or in form a tion to su b cla ssify is not
ava ila b le.

In each area , data are obtained fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e estab ­
lish m en ts within six broad indu stry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; tra n s ­
portation , com m unication, and other public u tilitie s ; w h olesa le trad e;
r e t a il tra d e; finance, insu rance, and re a l estate; and s e r v ic e s . M a jo r
industry groups excluded fro m these studies are govern m en t o p e ra ­
tions and the con stru ction and e x tra c tiv e in d u stries. E stablish m en ts
having fe w e r than a p r e s c r ib e d num ber of w o rk e rs are om itted because
they tend to fu rnish in su fficien t em ploym en t in the occupations studied
to w a rra n t inclusion.
S eparate tabulations a re p rovid ed fo r each of
the b road indu stry d ivisio n s which m eet publication c r ite r ia .

O ccupational em ploym ent and earnings data a re shown fo r
fu ll- tim e w o rk e rs , i.e ., those h ire d to w o rk a re g u la r w e e k ly schedule.
E arn in gs data exclude p rem iu m pay fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on
w eekends, h olid ays, and late shifts. N onproduction bonuses a re e x ­
cluded, but c o s t- o f- liv in g allow an ces and in cen tive earnings a re in ­
cluded. W h ere w e e k ly hours a re re p o rte d , as fo r o ffic e c le r ic a l occu ­
pations, re fe r e n c e is to the standard w o rk w eek (rounded to the n ea rest
h a lf hour) fo r which em p loyees r e c e iv e th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e
s a la rie s (e x c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at re g u la r and/or prem iu m
ra tes).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly earnings fo r these occupations a re rounded
to the n ea rest h alf d o lla r.

T h ese su rveys a re conducted on a sam ple b asis. The sam ­
plin g p ro ced u res in v o lv e d eta iled s tra tific a tio n o f a ll establishm ents
w ithin the scope o f an individu al a re a su rvey by industry and number
o f em p lo y ees. F ro m this s tra tifie d u n iverse a p ro b a b ility sam ple is
s e le c te d , w ith each establish m en t having a p red eterm in ed chance of
s electio n . T o obtain optim um a ccu ra cy at m inim um cost, a g r e a te r
p ro p o rtio n o f la rg e than s m a ll establish m en ts is selected . When data
a re com bined, each establish m en t is w eigh ted accordin g to its p ro b a ­
b ilit y o f selectio n , so that unbiased estim a tes a re generated. F o r e x ­
am p le, i f one out o f fou r establish m en ts is s elected , it is given a
w eigh t o f fou r to re p re s e n t it s e lf plus th ree oth ers. An altern ate o f the
sam e o rig in a l p ro b a b ility is chosen in the sam e in d u s try -s iz e c la s s ifi­
cation if data a re not a va ila b le fo r the o r ig in a l sam ple m em b er.
If
no suitable substitute is a v a ila b le , additional w eight is assigned to a
sam ple m em b er that is s im ila r to the m is s in g unit.

The occupations s e le c te d fo r study a re com m on to a v a r ie ty
o f m anufacturing and nonm anufacturing in d u stries, and a re of the
fo llo w in g typ es:
(1) O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2) p ro fe s s io n a l and tech n ical;

T h ese su rveys m ea su re the le v e l o f occupational earnings in
an a re a at a p a rtic u la r tim e. C om p arison s o f individu al occupational
a vera g es o v e r tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected w age changes. The a v e r ­
ages fo r individu al jobs a re a ffected by changes in w ages and e m p lo y ­
m ent patterns.
F o r exam p le, p ro p ortion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by
h igh - or lo w -w a g e fir m s m ay change o r h igh -w age w o rk e rs m ay ad­
vance to b e tte r jobs and be rep la ced by new w o rk e rs at lo w e r rates.
Such shifts in em ploym ent could d e c re a s e an occupational a v e ra g e
even though m ost establish m en ts in an a re a in c re a s e w ages during
the y ea r. T ren d s in earnings o f occupational grou ps, shown in table 2,
a re b etter in d ica to rs o f w age trends than individu al jobs within the
groups.

1
Included in the 96 areas are 10 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas
are Austin, T e x .; Binghamton, N. Y. (New York portion only); Durham, N. C . ; Fort Lauderdale—
Hollywood and West Palm Beach, F la .; Huntsville, A la .; Lexington, K y .; Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N. Y. ; Rochester, N. Y. (office occupations only); Syracuse, N. Y. ; and Utica—
Rome, N .Y .
In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited- area studies in approximately 70 areas at the request
of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S. Department of Labor.

A v e r a g e earnings r e fle c t com p osite, areaw id e estim a tes. In ­
d u stries and establish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and jo b staffin g, and
thus contribute d iffe r e n tly to the estim a tes fo r each job. P a y a v e r ­
ages m ay fa il to r e fle c t a c c u ra te ly the w age d iffe r e n tia l among job s in
individual establish m en ts.

O ccupations and E arn in gs




2

3

A v e r a g e pay le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s elected occupa­
tions should not be assum ed to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay o f the sexes
w ithin individual establish m en ts.
F a c to rs which m ay contribute to
d iffe re n c e s include p ro g re s s io n w ithin establish ed rate ra n ges, since
only the rates paid incumbents a re c o lle c te d , and p e rfo rm a n c e o f sp e­
c ific duties w ithin the g e n e ra l su rvey jo b d escrip tio n s. Job d e s c r ip ­
tions used to c la s s ify em p loyees in these su rveys usually a re m o re
g e n e ra liz e d than those used in individu al establishm ents and allow fo r
m in or d iffe re n c e s among establish m en ts in s p e c ific duties p e rfo rm e d .
Occupational em ploym ent estim a tes rep resen t the tota l in a ll
establishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number actu­
a lly su rveyed. B ecau se occupational stru ctu res among establishm ents
d iffe r , estim a tes of occupational em ploym ent obtained fro m the sam ple




o f establish m en ts studied s e rv e only to in dicate the re la tiv e im p o r­
tance of the job s studied. T h ese d iffe re n c e s in occupational stru ctu re
do not a ffe c t m a te r ia lly the a ccu racy o f the earn in gs data.
E stablish m en t P r a c t ic e s and Supplem entary W age P r o v is io n s
Tabulations on selected establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supple­
m en tary w age p ro v is io n s (B - s e r ie s tab les) a re not p resen ted in this
bulletin.
In form ation fo r these tabulations, c o lle c te d e v e r y 2 y e a rs
in the past, is now c o lle c te d e v e r y 3 y e a rs .
T h ese tabulations on
m inim um entrance s a la rie s fo r in ex p erien ced w om en o ffic e w o r k e r s ;
shift d iffe re n tia ls ; scheduled w ork w eek ; paid h olid ays; paid vacation s;
and health, in su ran ce, and pension plans a re p resen ted (in the B -series
tab les) in p reviou s bulletins fo r this area.




T a b le 1. E s ta b lis h m e n ts and w o rk e rs w ith in s c o p e o f s u rv e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d in A k r o n , O h io ,*
by m a jo r in d u s try d iv is io n ,2 D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2
Minimum
employment
in establishm e n t s in scope
of study

Industry division

All divisions______________________________
Manufacturing__________________________________
N o nm an uf ac tu ri ng________________________ _
Transportation, comm un ic at io n, and
other public utilities 5
_____________________
Wholesale trade 6 __________________________
j
Retail trade 6__________________________ ___
Finance, insurance, and real estate6 _____
Services 6 7__________________________________

N u m b e r of establishments

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study4

Within scope
of study’

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

439

123

125.802

100

88.431

50
"

204
235

54
69

83, 859
41,943

67
33

64 ,430
24,001

50
50
50
50
50

42
35
98
21
39

19
8
23
7
12

11,778
2, 847
19, 923
3, 820
3,575

9
2
16
3
3

9, 016
780
10,442
2,494
1,269

1 T h e A k r o n Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined b y the Office of M a n a g e m e n t and Budget through N o v e m b e r 1971, consists of
Portage and S u m m i t Counties.
T h e "wor ke rs within
scope of study" estimates s h o w n in this table provide a reasonably accurate description of the
size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. T h e estimates are not intended, ho wever, to serve as a basis of c o m p a r i s o n with
other e m p l o y m e n t indexes for the area to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t trends or levels since (1) planning of w a g e surveys requires the use of establishment
data co mpiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded f r o m the scope of the survey.
2 T h e 1967 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification M a n u a l w a s us ed in classifying establishments by industry division.
3 Includes all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t at or above the m i n i m u m limitation. All outlets (within the area) of c o m p a n i e s in such
industries as trade, finance, auto repair service, and motion picture theaters are considered as 1 establishment.
4 Includes all w o r k e r s in all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t (within the area) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation w e r e excluded. Akron's
local transit sy s t e m is municipally operated and is excluded by definition f r o m the scope of the study.
6 This industry division is represented in estimates for "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" in the Series A tables. Separate presentation
of data for this division is not m a d e for one or m o r e of the following reasons: (1) E m p l o y m e n t in the division is too small to provide enough data
to me ri t separate study, (2) the s a mp le w a s not designed initially to pe rm it separate presentation, (3) response w a s insufficient or inadequate to
pe rm it separate presentation, and (4) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; m o ti on pictures;
nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
A l m o s t seven-tenths of the w o r k e r s within scope of the survey in the A k r o n area
w e r e e m p l o y e d in manufacturing firms.
T h e following presents the m a j o r industry groups
and specific industries as a percent of all manufacturing:
Industry groups

Specific industries

R u b b e r and plastics products__46
Fabricated me t a l prod uc t?___ 18
Machinery, except electrical__ 11
Electrical equipment and
supplies______________________ 8

Tires and inner tubes___________ 40
Fabricated structural
me ta l products_______________ 10
C o m m u n i c a t i o n e q u i p m e n t----- 6
Me ta l s t a m p i n g s _______________ 6

This information is based on estimates of total e m p l o y m e n t derived f r o m universe
materials compiled prior to actual survey.
Proportions in various industry divisions m a y
differ f r o m proportions based on the results of the survey as s h o w n in table 1 above.

W a g e T r e n d s fo r S e le c t e d O c c u p a t io n a l G ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in table 2 a re indexes and percents o f change in
a v e ra g e w e e k ly s a la r ie s of o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and industrial
nurses, and in a v e r a g e hourly earnings of selected plantworker groups.
The indexes are a m e a s u re of w ages at a given tim e, e x p re s s e d as a
percent of wages during the base p eriod .
Subtracting 100 fr o m the
index yield s the percen t change in w ages fr o m the base p e rio d to the
date of the index. The p ercents of change o r in crease relate to wage
changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of in c re a s e , w here
shown, r e f l e c t the amount of in c re a s e fo r 12 months when the tim e
p erio d between surveys was other than 12 months.
T h e s e com pu­
tations are based on the assumption that wages in creased at a constant
rate between surveys.
T h e s e estim ates a re m easu res of change in
a vera ges fo r the area; they are not intended to m easu re a v e ra g e pay
changes in the establishments in the area.

The index is a m ea su re of wages at a giv en tim e and is e x ­
p re s s e d as a percen t of wages in the base ye a r.
The base y e a r is
assigned the value of 100 percent. The index is computed by m u lt i­
plying the base y e a r r e la t iv e (100 percent) by the r e la t iv e (the percen t
change plus 100 percent) fo r the next succeeding ye a r and then con ­
tinuing to m ultiply (compound) each y e a r 's r e la tiv e by the previou s
y e a r 's index.
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in dustrial nurses, the wage
trends relate to regu la r w e e k ly s a la r ie s fo r the n orm a l workweek,
e xclu sive of earnings f o r o v e rtim e .
F o r plantw orker groups, they
m ea su re changes in a v e r a g e s tra ig h t-tim e hou rly earnings, excluding
p rem iu m pay f o r o v e r t im e and fo r w o r k on weekends, holidays, and
late shifts.
The percen ts are based on data fo r s e lected key occu­
pations and include m ost of the n u m e r ic a lly important jobs within
each group.

Method of Computing
Each of the follo w ing key occupations within an occupational
group is assigned a constant weight based on its proportionate e m ­
ployment in the occupational group:
Office clerical (men and
women):
Bookkeeping-machine
operators, class B
Clerks, accounting, classes
A and B
Clerks, file, classes
A , B, and C
Clerks, order
Clerks, payroll
Keypunch operators, classes
A and B
Messengers (office boys or
girls)

Office clerical (men and
women)— Continued
Secretaries
Stenographers, general
Stenographers, senior
Switchboard operators, classes
A and B
Tabulating-m achine operators,
class B
Typists, classes A and B
Industrial nurses (men and
women):
Nurses, industrial (registered)

Limitations of Data
The indexes and percents of change, as m ea su res of change
in a rea a v e r a g e s , are influenced by:
( l ) G e n e ra l s a la ry and w age
changes, (2) m e r i t o r other in c re a s e s in pay r e c e iv e d by individual
w o r k e r s w hile in the same job, and (3) changes in a v e ra g e wages due
to changes in the labor f o r c e resulting fr o m labor turnover, f o r c e
expansions, f o r c e reductions, and changes in the proportio ns of w o r k ­
ers em ployed by establishments with d ifferen t pay le v e ls . Changes in
the labor f o r c e can cause in c re a s e s or d e c r e a s e s in the occupational
a v e ra g e s without actual wage changes.
It is conceivable that even
though a ll establishments in an a re a gave wage in crea ses, a v e ra g e
wages m a y have declined because lo w e r-p a y in g establishments entered
the a rea o r expanded th eir w o rk fo r c e s . S im ila r ly , wages m ay have
rem ained r e la t iv e ly constant, yet av e ra g e s fo r an a rea m ay have ris e n
c o n sid era b ly because hig h er-payin g establishments entered the area.

Skilled maintenance (men):
Carpenters
Electricians
Machinists
Mechanics
Mechanics (automotive)
Painters
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers
Unskilled plant (men):
Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Laborers, m aterial handling

NOTE: Comptometer operators, used in the computation of previous trends, are no longer
surveyed by the Bureau.

The use of constant employment weights eliminates the effect
of changes in the proportion of workers represented in each job in­
cluded in the data. The percents of change reflect only changes in
average pay for straight-time hours. They are not influenced by
changes in standard work schedules, as such, or by premium pay
for overtime. Where necessary, data are adjusted to remove from
the indexes and percents of change any significant effect caused by
changes in the scope of the survey.

The average (mean) earnings for each occupation are multi­
plied by the occupational weight, and the products for all occupations
in the group are totaled. The aggregates for 2 consecutive years are
related by subtracting the aggregate for the earlier year from the
aggregate for the later year and dividing the remainder by the aggre­
gate for the earlier year. The result times 100 shows the percent
of change.




5

6




T a b le 2 . In d e x e s o f e a rn in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p s in A k ro n , O h io , J u ly 1 9 71 an d D e c e m b e r 1 9 7 2 ,
an d p e rc e n ts o f in c r e a s e fo r s e le c te d p e rio d s
Manufacturing

All industries
W e e k l y earnings
Period

Office
clerical
( m e n and
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

Ho u r l y earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

W e e k l y earnings
Office
clerical
( m e n and
women)

Industrial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

Ho ur ly earnings
Skilled
maintenance
trades
(men)

Unskilled
plantworkers
(men)

Indexes (July 1967=100)

T ,Q
fll „

125.5
134.5

139.5
152.3

131.4
141.3

131.7
146.1

124.7
132.6

138.9
151.5

131.0
140.3

1 129.9
141.7

Pe rcents of increase
5.2
3.2
3.1
2.8
3.0
2.6

7.1
3.1
3.0
2.9
2.8
3.2

5.9
1.7
2.8
3.1
3.0
2.8

5.4
2.7
3.0
4.9
2.6
.7

4.4
4.9
3.2
2.3
3.1
2.1

7.1
3.0
3.0
2.9
2.3
3.6

6.0
1.7
2.7
3.0
2.9
2.8

5.8
1.5
2.4
4.0
2.3
1.1

4.4
4.1

10.1
9.3

5.1
4.7

2.9
2.7

4.4
4.1

10.5
9.7

5.2
4.8

4.1
3.8

5.3
5.6
4.8
7.7

10.8
7.6
6.7
9.7

5.7
5.5
7.4
9.7

5.3
4.8
9.0
9.5

4.7
5.3
4.7
8.1

11.1
7.5
6.0
9.7

5.9
5.2
7.4
9.5

6.0
4.2
8.2
1 8.6

7.2
5.0

9.2
6.4

7.5
5.2

10.9
7.6

6.3
4.4

9.1
6.3

7.1
5.0

9.1
6.3

June 1966 to July 1967:

July 1QR7 tr. .Tnly 1Q6R
July 1969 to July 1970
.
July 1970 to July 1971
July 1971 to D e c e m b e r 1972:

1

Re vi se d estimate.

___ . __ ___
. __ _ -

7

A. O c c u p a tio n a l earnings
T a b l e A -1 . O f f i c e o c c u p a tio n s : W e e k l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e w e e k ly hours and ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occupations by in d u stry d iv is io n , A k ro n , O h io, D e c e m b e r 1972)
Weekly earnings
(standard)
Number

O ccupation and in d u stry d iv is io n
workere

1

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
»

t
60

weekly
Median

(standard

*

Middle ranged

S
65

S
70

*

$
75

80

*

t
85

90

*

t
95

100

*
110

120

8

$
130

t
140

t
150

S

!
160

170

t
18 0

t
190

S
200

$
210

and
under
65

220
and

70

80

85

90

95

1
1

75

4
4
1
-

3
2

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

3
3

1
1

3

*

1
1

2
2

12
12

26
22

7
7

9
*

180

8
8

2
2

5
2

3
-

100

190

200

210

220 over

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED
BILLERS. MACHINE (BILLING
MACHINE I -----------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

31
25

$
$
40.0 131.50 128.50
40.0 137.00 157.50

$
$
93 .0 0- 16 7. 50
94 .0 0- 16 8. 50

“

MA NU FACTURING ----------------

63
45

40.0 105.50 104.50
40.0 105.00 104.50

99.00- 11 4. 00
99 .0 0- 10 9. 50

-

-

-

-

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING. CLASS A --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------

479
300
179

40.0 152.50 152.50 132.00-170.00
40.0 161.50 162.50 143.50-177.00
39.5 137.50 134.50 123.50-152.00

-

-

_
-

_
“

-

-

*

_
“

8
6
2

9
6
3

23
10
13

25
11
14

41
7
34

68
26
42

50
30
20

67
43
24

68
54
14

48
42
6

31
29
2

13
12
1

2
2

10
7
3

CLERKS. ACCOUNTING, CLASS B --MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------

533
280
253
122

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

114.00
115.00
114.00
131.00

100.00-132.00
100.00-131.00
100.00-132.50
116.00-138.00

-

2
2
-

6
6
“

6
*
2

15
5
10
*

27
27
“

38
16
22
4

40
18
22

95
54
41
11

95
46
49
24

56
39
17
15

76
26
50
40

24
9
15
12

31
14
17
16

18
18
~

2
2
'“

-

-

“

2
2
*

-

-

*

CLERKS, FILE. CLASS B
MANUFA CT UR IN G ----NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG —

230
55
175

39.5
95.50 91.50
40.0 109.00 108.00
87.00
91.50
39.5

77.00-109.50
94 .0 0-122.50
73.50-101.00

-

27
27

24
1
23

17
17

19
4
15

22
6
16

19
4
15

18
18

29
15
14

21
10
11

14
6
8

6
6

8
1
7

4
2
2

2
“
2

_
*

-

-

-

CLERKS, FILE, CLASS C ------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

123
36
87

39.5
40.0
39.0

80.50- 94.50
83.00- 92.50
77 .5 0- 10 0. 00

-

12
12

8
1
7

7
1
6

36
13
23

16
9
7

15
7
8

5
2
3

12
1
11

10
1
9

2
1
1

CLERKS, ORDER ----------------------MANU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------

127
70
57

39.5 140.50 141.50 107.00-177.00
40.0 152.50 160.00 109.00-185.50
39.0 125.00 122.50 104.00-152.50

-

-

-

_

9

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

12
10
2

1
1
*

16
8
8

11
5
6

4
4

6
6

9

13
4
9

10
1
9

6
2
4

9
7
2

15
13
2

1
1
“

5
5
“

4
4
“

3
3
“

CLERKS, PAYROLL --------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G --NONMAN UF AC TU RI NG ---------PUBLIC UT ILITIES --------

268
157
111
63

40.0
40.0
40.0
40.0

112.00-168.00
109.50-172.00
120.00-155.00
129.50-170.50

_

_

5
1
4

1
1
-

1
1
-

49
32
17
4

14
8
6
2

21
6
15
11

36
10
26
15

29
18
11
3

20
11
9
6

24
18
6
6

34
20
14
14

22
21
1
1

3
2
1
1

1
1

1

5
5
-

-

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

“

“

*

KE YPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A MA NU FA CT UR IN G -NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

404
291
113

40.0 140.00 139.00 117.50-161.50
40.0 143.00 144.00 117.00-166.50
39.0 133.50 134.50 118.00-149.00

.

_

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

15
9
6

29
26
3

78
51
27

28
22
6

54
30
24

38
17
21

50
30
20

49
46
3

38
35
3

21
21

-

1
1

1
1

-

“

•

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

239
137
102

40.0 113.00 109.50 100.50-121.00
40.0 119.00 114.00 104.00-124.00
39.5 105.00 105.00 95.50- 11 6. 00

15
8
7

66
36
30

51
27
24

42
27
15

6
5
1

4
4

4
4

3
3

1
1

-

-

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSIMA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

121
91
30

93.00
83 .5 0-108.00
40.0
96.50
83 .0 0-100.00
92.50
87.50
40.0
39.5 108.50 106.50 102.50-118.00

5
5

23
6
17

18
13
5

5
1
4

2
1
1

-

-

60
41
19
2

146
107
39
6

153
122
31
3

210
165
45
10

-

BO OK KE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.

SECRETARIES ----MA NU FA CT UR IN G --N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG --PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S -----

See footn otes at end o f tables.




1,757
1,374
383
136

39.5
40.0
38.5
40.0

116.00
117.50
115.00
127.50

87.00
88.00
87.00

140.00
143.50
135.00
145.50

150.00
153.00
138.50
168.50

85.00
87.00
84.00

139.50
146.00
132.50
140.00

149.50
152.50
139.50
171.00

128.50-172.50
131.50-174.50
11 4.00-162.00
153.00-189.50

*

-

-

-

*

“

.

-

*

-

1

-

-

“

*

*

1

6

20
11
9

_

_
““

12
11

-

-

-

1

6

14
5
9

4
3
1

-

36
36

14
14

*

*

*

15

13
6
7

.

-

4

3

2

1

-

-

-

-

4

3

2

1

-

15

1

31
20
11

“

36
19
17

3
3

*

•

_

-

-

16
15
1
-

-

*

•
“
“
-

-

1
1
*

221
175
46

7

-

*

-

6
6

1

-

-

-

-

1

*

*

*

*

193
149
44
21

169
151
18
13

220
185
35
28

128
114
14
14

68
48
20
20

-

-

-

*

38
29
9
9

20
19
1
1

26
24
2
2

8

T a b le A -1. O ffic e occup atio ns:

W e e k ly e a rn in g s — C o n tinu ed

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Akron, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workere

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings of—
s

s
60

weekly
Median *

(standard)

s

»

65

70

s
75

*
80

s

t
85

90

*
95

$

$

»

100

110

120

»

130

*

*

1*0

150

*

*

160

170

$

*
180

190

*

200

$

210

and
under

Middle ranged

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

1*0

150

160

170

12

65

220
and

8

8

32
22

22

180

61

190

200

210

220 over

HEN AND WOMEN COMBINED-CONTINUED
SE CRETARIES

CONT IN UE D

-

L L A jj

$

$

$
d tv K c lA K iC d i

$

A

188*50
T Aft
3 66

N U N S A N U r A t 1U K 1Nu

J c L K t 1A K i t

j

i

LLA

j o

J— *??
*n
38 5 156 00 151*00

a h

L
in n

t n ’ n

1?7

7ft
^0

J C l K t 1AKIcjf LLAjj U

^
Q

17 7 T n
ICO 00 1QC J 0

i

a

I

nn

*

^96
163

127.00 127.00 109.50-1**.50
*0*0
38.5 12*.50 120.50 97.0 0- 15 5. 00

38*

Art*f
t

^56
388
1*8

*0.0 1*1.00 1*1.00 122.50-161.00
37.5 136.50 133.00 123.00-1*6.50

29
SB
*5

39.0
39.0

SW IT CH BO AR D OP ER AT OR - R E C E P T I O N I S T S -

158

1

3

12

11
3

l i t

3
2

2
2

20

23

61

1*
21
19

8

M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NN AN UF AC TU RI NG

95.50
87.50

9*. 00
8*.50

39.5 113.00 115.00

80.5069.50-

*

9 3 . 0 0- 12 3. 50

56

*0.0 113.00 112.00 8*.50- 13 3. 50
116.00 108.50-136.50
i'"^A_
*"nn

*

;

7 50
12*.00 113.00-136.00

3 q 0 121*00 119*00
ll - l

NU NWANUr At 1UK 1Pit

177
*2

See fo o tn o tes at end o f tables.




-

-

63

73

10

20

i n *»* nn
96 .0 0- 11 8. 00
1 03 "0 79.5 0- 10 *. 50
131*00 116.00 110.00-166.00

1

65

-

-

PA
fr

23

2

103
102
1

-

10

2

6

23

73

6*

28

11

26

6

*0
22

*61
*7

61
33

*3
19
1

1

2*

1

1*

6

-

-

i
i
i

*0

78

8
2

3

1

2

22
12

i

2

2

2

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9

8

-

-

-

*

-

-

i
i

i

-

-

-

-

1
1

10
10

3

3

i

1*
11

3

2

5

-

-

6

6

19

15

6

12
I

*2

21

2

12

2

3

in
tu

2

9
2

7

-

2

26

i

13
13

6

10

7

^9

2

13
11
2

19

66
10

5

117*00 117*00
131.50 12*.00 109.00-165.00

fn*n

ill
i ii

-

108.00 102.50

27
T R A N S C R I 8I NG -H AC HI NE OPERATORS,
GE NE RA L -------------------------------

1

ri

6

^0.0 1>6.>0 161.50 136.00-167.50

S W IT CH BO AR D OPERATORS, CLASS B ---N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NO

12

119.50 118.00 106.00-131.00
70 n
^0 0 138.50 1*1.00 130.00-1*6.50

1T r 1 j 1 j I LLAjj A

86

8

-

-

-

1

2

1

2

17

7
b6
t-b

^6
31

8
1

-

12

7

3

in
ru

7

2

J?
“J
15

i*

5
26

-

2

8
8

10

5

2i

60
15

j
2
63
2*
19

22

8

M

2
1

-

2

19
i

2

1
2

2
8

*5

13

*

*
2

9
T a b l e A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s : W e e k l y e a r n i n g s
(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Akron, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1972)
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

8

4unr,

90
(standard

Mean ^

Median 2

Middle ranged

100

110

120

N u m b e r of workers receiving straight -time weekly earnings of--»
»
t
8
8
$
8
8
i
8
*
i
(
8
8
8
160
170
180
190
140
150
200 210 220 230
240
250
260
270 280 290
130

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

1

1
1

1
“

8
6

4
2

17
16

11
9

12
12

10
10

5
4

-

1

-

-

~

1

“

21

37

27

32
17

20

12

20

3
1

-

_

_

-

4
1

-

-

-

1
1

2
2

-

8

s

8

»

and
under
100

and
240

250

260

270

280

290 over

1
1

•

1

•

-

-

1

-

-

-

~

“

-

-

MEN AND WO ME N COMBINED
CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------

73
63

$
$
$
$
40.0 185.50 185.50 173.00-200.50
40.0 188.50 188.50 176.00-201.00

COMP UT ER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------

185
36

CO MPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

-

-

-

-

-

40.0 159.50 157.50 144.00-175.50
39.5 157.00

-

_

3

54
34

39.5 130.50 120.00 115.00-146.50
40.0 127.00 118.50 109.50-129.00

5
4

7
5

16
13

6
5

4
2

6

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ------------------------------------

125
117

40.0 251.00 256.00 234.00-271.50
40.0 253.00 257.00 238.50-272.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

2
2

1
1

-

-

2
1

10
8

7
5

4
4

12
10

11
11

24
24

19
19

16
16

7
6

10
10

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS 8 -------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG ------------------------------

228
192
36

40.0 214.00 213.50 194.50-234.00
40.0 217.50 218.00 198.50-238.50
39.5 195.50 201.00 184.00-210.50

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

3
2
1

8
7
1

3
1
2

4
1
3

27
22
5

23
17
6

31
22
9

38
31
7

22
21
1

24
23
1

28
28
~

9
9
-

3
3
-

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

CO MPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS C ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

91
85

40.0 188.50 185.50 171.00-211.50
40.0 190.00 187.00 173.00-214.00

-

-

-

-

6
6

s
4

5
2

6
4

17
16

16
16

6
6

8
8

7
7

8
8

5
5

2
2

1
1

-

-

-

“

-

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

126
111

40.0 292.50 293.50 263.50-318.00
40.0 294.50 295.00 26 4. 50 -3 20 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

1
-

6
6

9
6

*

17
15

8
7

9
7

C

10

9

C

3

1

2

3

5

-

*69
64

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
57

10

**11
11

DRAFTSMEN, CL AS S A -----------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

446
423

40.0 221.00 211.00 193.00-232.00
40.0 220.50 209.00 192.00-230.50

-

.

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

13
13

44
44

34
32

66
66

59
59

81
75

29
25

25
22

21
13

2
2

2
2

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B -----------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------

316
301

40.0 176.00 170.00 154.50-198.50
40.0 174.50 169.00 153.50-194.00

_

-

2
2

9
9

29
29

24
24

37
36

57
57

27
27

36
35

20
19

31
24

18
15

13
11

4
4

1
1

1
1

3
3

_

-

ORAFTSMEN, CLASS C -----------------MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

176
133

40.0 156.50 160.50 141.00-174.50
40.0 152.00 156.50 131.00-169.00

10
10

11
11

2
2

10
10

10
8

15
10

29
26

36
25

20
11

11
9

12
1

4
4

4
4

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) --MA NU FACTURING ---------------------

61
58

40.0 190.50 188.50 178.50-200.50
40.0 191.00 188.50 180.00-200.50

_

-

-

-

_

-

4
3

3
3

10
9

18
18

11
11

7
7

2
2

*
**
***

-

1
1

1
1

3
2

2
2

1

W o r k e r s we r e distributed as follows: 17 at $ 290 to $ 300; 23 at $ 300 to $ 320; 14 at $ 320 to $ 340; 10 at $3 4 0 to $ 360; 4 at $ 360 to $380; and 1 at $3 8 0 to $400.
W o rk er s we r e distributed as follows: 4 at $ 290 to $ 300; 4 at $ 300 to $ 320; and 3 at $ 320 to $ 340.
W o rk er s we r e distributed as follows: 8 at $ 290 to $ 300; 23 at $ 300 to $ 320; 21 at $ 320 to $ 340; and 2 at $ 340 to $ 360.

See footn otes at end o f tab les.




l

4
4

9*
***54
54
9

4
4

"

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

10

T a b le A -3 .

O ffic e , p ro fe s s io n a l, and te c h n ic a l o c c u p a tio n s :

A v e r a g e w e e k l y e a rn in g s , by sex

(Average straight-time weekly hours and earnings of workers in selected occupations by industry division, Akron, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1972)
Average

Average

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - MEN
81

53

$
40.0 180.00
40.0 187.50

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
(standard)

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WO ME N— C0NTINUE0

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of

Weekly
hour*1
standard)

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
1,755

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

$

39.5

MA NU FA CT UR IN G
13*

40.0 167.^0

136
121

*0 0 100*'0

26

N U N n A N U r Av* 1 UK 1 N u

SECRETARIES# CLASS A
84

MA NU FA CT UR IN G

-----------------------------------------

64

40.0
40.0

96.00
92.00

* * *

j t l / K t 1AK 1 1 j »

30
BOOKKE EP IN G- MA CH IN E OPERATORS.
CLASS B ------------------------------------------------------------

168.00
30 5 156*00

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS - WCMEN
LLA j j

*n
*9

63
45

40.0 105.50
40.0 105.00

398

147.00

ln *n
1/5

60
1 Jl

3 .5

516

40.0 116.00
117.00
40.0 114.50
40.0

248

1 Z. O

160*00
ioo'nn

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

0 0 253 00
40.0 255.00

i nr

40.0 216.00

——

CO MPUTER PROGRANERS#
HU j 1 N t j j f

1>LA j j

63

L

1 A *^ i r t r t
f
*0.0t 161.00

Art

rt

Ar t * r t
*

196.50

«n
Art f
t
Art ft iin*-n
trt f 121*00
t

56
*

39.5
40.0 107.00
39.0
91.00

Art#r
*0*0 t 138.50

536

39.5 139.50

148

r

50
172

in *^0 Q

109

C O MP UT ER PROGRANERS#

L

40.0 131.00

COMP UT ER PROGRANERS,
business# class a

37.5 136.50
149.50

COMP UT ER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,

_
to

40 0 263 00
40.0 268.00

415

40 0 221.50
40.0 221.00

DRAFTSMEN# CL AS S A

51

40.0 1-.1. j 0
36
87

a a * nn

o-» Art
87.00

30
34

UK Ut K

N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG

- - - - - - - - - -

** 1 ‘

See fo o tn o te at end o f ta b le s .




40.0 138.00
141.00
39.5 133.50
40.0 144.50

404
291
113

40.0 140.00
40.0 143.00
39.0 133.50

239
137
102

40.0 113.00
119.00
39.5 105.00

■

K E YP UN CH OPERATORS# CLASS A
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

OPERATORS# C L A S j 8

40.0 174.50

,
J J

9 5
0 50
39.5 112.00
39.0 109.50

250
146
104
56

LL l KR ji

j WITCHBOARu

ni r n
07.50

UKAr1jntN#

.^ -

LLAj j L

rr
tt

aa
Cf

107*50
39.5 117.00
40.0 131.^0

56
38

Art r
t
Art * rt
*u«o

277
161

113.00
121.50

—————————————— ———

C O MP UT ER PROGRANERS#
30

39.0 117.00

49
MA NU FA CT UR IN G

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL

38*0
40.0 121.00

370
208

*0.0 109.50

40.0 201.00

61

40.0 190.50
191.00

COMP UT ER PROGRANERS*
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)

---

11

T a b le A -4 .

M a in te n a n c e and p o w e rp la n t o c c u p a tio n s :

H o u r ly e a rn in g s

(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t- tim e h o u rly ea rn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s by in d u stry d iv is io n , A k ro n , O h io, D ec e m b e r 1972)

N u m b e r of w orkers receiving straight-time hourly earnings of

Hourly earnings3
Sex, occupation, and industry division*
I

of
Ofkers

Mean 2 Median2

Middle range 2

t
s
S
s
*
S
*
S
t
S
s
$
s
s
$
%
%
s
S
*
%
s
3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40 4.50 4.60 4.70 4 .80 4.90 5.00 5 10 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00 6.20
TT J
Under 3.60
%
and
and
3.60 under
5.80 6.00 6.20 over
4.50 4.60 4.70 4.80 4 .90 5.00 5.10 5 20 5.40
3.70 3.80 3.90 4.00 4.10 4.20 4.30 4.40

CARPENTERS. MA IN TE NA NC E MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------

142
134

$
5.10
5.10

$
5.21
5.21

$
$
4.98- 5.26
4.98- 5.26

2
2

EL ECTRICIANS. MA INTENANCE
MA NU FA CT UR IN G —

557
534

5.14
5.13

5.18
5.18

4.99- 5.27
4.98- 5.26

1
1

-

ENGINEERS. ST AT IO NA RY ---MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------

149
149

5.26
5.26

5.33
5.33

5.09- 5.37
5.09- 5.37

-

-

-

FIREMEN, ST AT IO NA RY BOILER
M A NU FA CT UR IN G -

53
49

4.91
4.98

5.04
5.06

4.56- 5.13
4.59- 5.14

*

HELPERS. MAIN TE NA NC E TRAOES -----M A N U FA CT UR IN G -------------------

115
115

4.13
4.13

3.99
3.99

3.93- 4.39
3.93- 4.39

12
12

MA CHINISTS. MA IN TE NA NC E ---------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --

248
248

4.94
4.94

5.14
5.14

4.46- 5.25
4.46- 5.25

537
139
398
382

5.38
5.09
5.49
5.52

5.39
5.15
5.71
5.72

5.074.685.125.14-

MECHANICS. MAINTE NA NC E
M A N U FA CT UR IN G --

815
801

5.06
5.07

5.18
5.18

5.00- 5.26
5.01- 5.26

33
33

MI LL WR IG HT S -MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

92
92

5.53
5.53

5.91
5.91

5.13- 5.96
5.13- 5.96

PAINTERS. MA IN TE NA NC E -----------MA NU FA CT UR IN G -----------------

93
86

4.99
5.03

5.12
5.13

PIPEFITTERS, MA IN TE NA NC E -------MANUFA CT UR IN G ------------------

455
455

5.15
5.15

SHEET-METAL WORKERS. MA INTENANCE
MA NUFACTURING

126
126

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS
MANUFA CT UR IN G —

594
594

* All workers we r e at $6.20 to $6.40.
See fo o tn o tes at end o f ta b le s .




-

-

“

-

1
*

5
5

-

-

8
8

8
7

15
15

13
13

15
12

67
64

-

2
2

-

“

6
6

13
13

5
5

27
27

8
8

4
4

44
44

3

29
29

91
91

55
49

197
195

11
-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

_

-

*
4

-

~

-

-

-

-

4
-

_
-

-

5
5

8
8

3
3

-

-

15
15

1
1

_

38
38

*

~
_

2
2

-

2
2

MECHANICS. AUTOMOTIVE
IMA IN TE NA NC E I ------MANUFA CT UR IN G
N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG —
PU BL IC UT ILITIES

5.79
5.35
5.79
5.79

-

9
9

6
6
-

_

-

44
**

15
15

-

14
14

-

-

-

26
26

"

2
2

-

*

-

“

_

_

-

-

-

2
2

_

-

-

4.46- 5.23
4. 58 - 5.24

1

i
-

_

_

5.21
5.21

5.04- 5.26
5*04- 5.26

-

_

-

_

“

-

-

5.25
5.25

5.21- 5.30
5.21- 5.30

-

-

-

-

_

5.85
5.85

6.23
6.23

5.35- 6.26
5.35- 6.26

-

-

-

-

_

2
2
-

”

5.23
5.23

2
2

8
8

2
2

-

29
24
5
2

”

3
3

4
4
-

-

-

-

-

16
16

13
13

-

-

-

*
4

-

2
2

-

6
6

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

4
4

-

21
21

10
10

-

-

3
3

38
38

71
71

_

“

1
-

12
8
4

2
2

41
41

_

_
-

11
5
6
6

21
4
17
16

48
5
43
43

73
24
49
46

49
25
24
24

-

17
17

136
136

90
90

305
305

11
11

8

*

6

24
24

24
24

14
14

-

_

_

7
7

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

9
9

-

-

15
15

6
3

-

_

-

1
1

-

-

3
3

6
6

8
8

25
23

15
15

-

_

*

1
1

12
12

-

-

62
62

-

-

8
8

75
75

35
35

-

2
2

-

3
3

*

4
4

-

-

12
12

2
2

2
2

84
84

10
10

42
42

13
13

_

.

-

1
1

5
5

10
10

8
8

4
4

84
84

1
-

-

~

-

-

-

-

151
-

151
151

4

114
32
82
82

-

_

_

“

-

28
28

*

1
1

224
224

“

-

95
95

9
9

-

60
60

4
4

17
7

2
2

1
“

19
19

_

6
6

-

-

15
4
11
11

1

-

4
4

-

8
8

-

-

-

-

_

.
-

.
-

•

-

-

-

-

81
81

_

_

“

-

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

-

53
53

21
21

13
13

-

17
17

_

-

12
12

*405
405

_

“

“

-

-

-

12
T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d ia l a nd m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n in g s
(A v e r a g e s tr a ig h t-tim e h o u rly earn in gs o f w o r k e r s in s e le c te d occu pation s b y indu stry d iv is io n , A k ro n , Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1972)

Number of w orkers receivin g straight-tim e hourly earnings of—

Hourly earnings3

Sex, occupation, and industry division

Number
of
workers

M ean 2

M edian2

Middle range 2

*
i
1.60 1.80
and
under

*
*
2.00

i

t

*
i
2. A O

2.20

$
i
2.60

$
s
2.80

i
i
3.00

$
1
3.20

i
I
i
”1
3. A O 3.60 3.80

t
$
A . 00

I
A . 20
and

1*80 2,00 2.20 2.40 2,60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3*60 3,80 4,00 4.20 4. 40 4,60 4. 80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5,60 5.80 6,00

over

HEN
GUARDS AND WATC HM EN ----------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

5A2
310
232

$
3.A1
A . 38
2.12

$
A . 31
A. 37
2.05

$
2.06A . 332.03-

$
A.38
A.A3
2.08

GUARDS
MANUFA CT UR IN G ---------------------

270

A.A6

A . 37

A . 33- A.AA

“

207
3
20A

-

*

2
2

3
3

5
A
1

9
9

12
8
A

2
2

8
5
3

2
2

19A
19A

52
52

A
A

15
15

21
21

-

-

-

-

-

3

6
6

-

2

2

176

A7

A

15

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*
*

3
“
3
3

*

*

658
658
658

*

“

WATCHMEN
MA NU FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

AO

3.86

A . 32

3.A7- A.38

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

4

-

5

2

3

-

18

5

JANITORS, PORTERS, AND CL EANERS --MANU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ---------------

1,5A1
1,171
370
33

3.67
A . 07
2.38
3.95

A . 22
A . 26
2.07
3.82

3.05A.IA1.813.55-

A.30
A.35
2.95
A . 10

89
89

59
59

79
10
69

18
18

26
26

28
18
10

70
58
12

37
30
7

75
A3
32
3

21
10
11
11

AA
A3
1
1

69
A1
28
10

58
58
-

687
683
A
A

13A
133
1
1

AA
AA
*

*

*

LABORERS, MATERIAL HAND LI NG -------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UT ILITIES ---------------

1.7AA
770
97A
739

A . 69
A . 08
5.18
5.65

A . 67
A . 23
5.72
5.7A

A . 063.75A . 825.71-

5.73
A.63
5.76
5.77

1
1

2
2

29
29

2
2

1
1

A
A

108
96
12

69
12
57

70
44
26

33
32
1

22
18
A

26
26
-

1A2
139
3

112
112
-

8A
32
52
A8

252
219
33
33

103
1A
89
*

*

26
26
“

“

ORDER
FILLERS ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

A22
98
32A

A . 07
A. 18
A.OA

A. 21
A . 03
A. 28

3.17- A.83
3.19- 5.51
3.16- A . 83

-

_
-

_
-

1
1

156
29
127

-

1
1

3
2
1

12
12
-

3A
25
9

28
28

37
1
36

3
3
“

120
120

”

26
26

-

1
1

-

-

_
-

-

-

•
-

*

*

*

PACKERS, SHIP PI NG -------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

83
53

3.82
A.2A

3.69
A. 59

3.17- A . 72
3.70- A.75

_

_

-

10
10

26
26

*

-

-

-

3
3

-

-

10
10

2

-

5
4

_

-

18
-

-

-

9
-

_

-

*

*

*

RECE IV IN G CL ER KS --------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O NM AN UF AC TU RI NG -----------------

172
136
36

3.97
3.96
A. 03

A . 26
A . 23
A . 36

3.53- A.60
3.51- A.60
A . 31- A.63

_
-

-

4
A

-

12
10
2

-

6
6

9

6
6

51
33
18

11
11
*

6

5
A
1

*

*

1
1
*

-

-

12
12
-

“

i

5
5
*

3A
28

-

4
A
-

SHIP PI NG C L ER KS ----------------------

111

A. 1A

A . 25

A . 21- A.29

9

2

6

7

8A

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

A
A

11
10

1
1

.
*

-

-

_

-

-

*

*

*

IA0
66
7A
2

8A
A3
A1
“

29
A
25
1

26
8
18

105
105
A

A25
105

*

507
-

10
10

13

2
2

89
15

25

9
8

l

_

_

SH IPPING AND RE CEIVING CLERKS ----M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

58
A3

3.88
A . 03

3.83
A.1A

3.AO- A.56
3.A5- A.65

TRUCKD RI VE RS
------------------------M A NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------N O N M A N UF AC TU RI NG ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

1,52A
A23
1,101
835

5.18
A. 29
5.52
5.7A

5.53
A.A6
5.59
5.82

A.6A3.395.505.56-

5.83
5.19
5.85
5.86

_
-

•

-

*

"

*

TR UCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1-1/2 TONS! ----------------------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

7A
57

3.7A
3.55

3.A9
3.39

3.27- A.A7
3.23- 3.75

_

_

_

.

”

“

~

TR UCKDRIVERS, ME OI UM (1-1/2 TO
ANO INCLUDING A TONS) ----------M A N U FA CT UR IN G ---------------------

317
201

A . 28
A . 10

A. A A
3.78

3.56- 4.72
3.29- 5.A2

_

TRUCKORIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
TRAILER TYPE) --------------------MA NU FA CT UR IN G --------------------NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ---------------

908
90
818
705

5.5A
A . 57
5.65
5.73

5.58
A . 61
5.59
5.81

5.51A . 535.535.55-

TR UCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE) --------

7A

5.25

5.51

5.22- 5.56

See footnotes at end of tables.




5.8A
A.67
5.85
5.85

-

8

9

6

10
10
~

6A

6

_
-

_

_

”

-

-

38
38
-

60
A
~

ii
ii

-

22
22

30
28

“

8

2
1

15
11
A
”

18
18
“

11
10
1
1

_

_

8

22

18

12
12

3

“

“

30
30

_

4

6
6

38
38

10
10

21
19

8
8

10
10

7
3

1

6

27
27

A3

-

37

-

4

-

-

-

*

*

6
“

1
1

-

-

-

12

3

_

_

_

_

.

.

.

5
5

-

_

_

2

3
2

A

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
_

3

8
8

~

“
_

~

-

-

“

*

“

_

_

_

A

_

“

_

_

A
3

6

"

3

12
-

3

-

*

3

320

320

-

"

'

A

59

507

-

‘

507

“

•

59

26
8
18

85

-

16

-

85

—
*

32 A
A
320
320
A2

"

1
*

-

_

38A
384
384
_

-

_

A.AO

A

T a b l e A - 5 . C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s : H o u r l y e a r n i n g s — C o n t i n u e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f w o r k e r s in s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n s b y in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , A k r o n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1972)

H ourly earn in gs3

N u m ber
$

Sex,

o c c u p a t io n ,

and

in d u s t r y

d iv is io n

t

$

t

*

*

o f w o rk e rs

t

*

r e c e iv in g
»

t

s tr a ig h t- tim e

*

$

of
workers

M ea n 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le range 2

h o u r ly

t

$

1.60 1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00

e a r n in g s

o f—

*

l

*

*

t

$

S

t

t

4.20 4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5.80 6.00

and
u n d er

1.80 2.00 2.20 2.40 2.60 2.80 3.00 3.20 3.40 3.60 3.80 4.00 4.20

4.40 4.60 4.80 5.00 5.20 5.40 5.60 5,80 6.00

o ve r

HEN - C0 NT 1N UE 0
$

$

$

$

TRUCKERS. POWER (FORKLIFT 1 --------------------HA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------------N O N H A N UF AC TU RI NG --------------------------------------PUBLIC UTIL IT IE S ----------------------------------

1,236
1.009
227
92

4.58
4.51
4.93
5.75

4.68
4.66
4.88
5.72

4.304.264.815.66-

4.88
4.86
5.70
5.76

-

TRUCKERS. POWER (OTHER THAN
FORKLIFTI --------------------------------------------------------------MANUFA CT UR IN G -----------------------------------------------

229
227

4.31
4.31

4.67
4.67

4.46- 4.75
4.49- 4.75

JANITORS. PORTERS, AND CL EANERS ------MA NU FA CT UR IN G ----------------------------------------------NONM AN UF AC TU RI NG
PUBLIC UT IL IT IE S ----------------------------------

598
188

2.65
4.01

2.16
4.08

1.81- 4.02
4.03- 4.24

58

3.06

3.03

2.96- 3.07

PACKERS. SHIPPING -------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------- -----------

158
122

3.02
2.89

2.79
2.73

2.55- 3.39
2.54- 3.16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

"

31
1

23
5

*
-

17

-

-

4

17

76
76

51
51

93
51
42

12
12
-

33
33
-

16
16

39
39

-

-

8

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

52
44

2
*

79
79
-

298
298
-

40
40

122
122

9
9

3
3

285
200
85

32
32

64
64

56
56

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

93
1
92
92

8

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

“

”

“

“

“

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

_

_

_

8

1
1
-

7
7
-

WOMEN

S e e fo o tn o te s

a t en d




o f t a b le s .

143

-

136
2

30
3

-

11
7

46
46

25
25

16
12

_

49
49

36
2

-

4
4

-

6
6

34

1

“

-

“

2

“

4
4

_

_

10

4
4

1

20
2

16
16

106
104

_
-

-

_

6
6

_

_
-

_

14

F o o tn o te s

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-tim e sa la rie s (exclusive of pay for overtime
at regu lar and/or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of a ll w ork ers and dividing by the number of w orkers,
The median
designates position— half of the employees surveyed receive m ore than the rate shown; half receive less than the rate shown,
The middle
range is defined by 2 rates of pay; a fourth of the w orkers earn less than the low er of these rates and a fourth earn m ore than the higher rate.
3 Excludes prem ium pay for overtim e and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.




A p p e n d ix . O c c u p a t io n a l D e s c r ip t io n s
Th e p r im a ry purpose o f p rep a rin g jo b d es crip tio n s fo r the Bu reau's wage su rveys is to a s s is t its fie ld sta ff in cla ssify in g into an propriate
occupations w o rk ers who a re em ployed under a v a rie ty o f p a y ro ll title s and d iffe re n t w ork a rran gem en ts fro m establish m ent to establishm ent and
fro m a re a to a rea .
Th is p erm its the grouping o f occupational w age rates re p res en tin g com parab le jo b content. Because o f this em phasis on
in teresta b lish m en t and in te ra re a co m p a rab ility o f occupational content, the Bu reau's jo b d es crip tio n s m ay d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fro m thosr n use in
individual establish m ents o r those p rep a red fo r oth er pu rposes. In applying these job d es crip tio n s , the Bu reau's fie ld econ om ists a re nstructed
to exclu de w orkin g s u p erviso rs; apprentices; le a rn e r s ; beginn ers; tra in e e s ; and handicapped, p a rt-tim e , tem p o ra ry, and prob a tio n a ry w o rk ers.

O F F IC E
B IL L E R , M A C H IN E

C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G — Continued

P r e p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in vo ic es on a m achine oth er than an o rd in a ry o r e le c tr o m a tic ty p e w r ite r. M ay also keep re c o rd s as to b illin g s o r shipping ch a rges o r p e r fo rm other
c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g o p era tio n s. F o r w age study pu rposes, b ille r s , m achine, a re
c la s s ifie d by type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:

P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . Under gen era l su pervision, p e rfo rm s accounting c le r ic a l operations which
re q u ire the application o f ex p erien ce and judgm ent, fo r exam ple, c le r ic a lly p roce ssin g co m ­
plica ted o r n on rep etitive accounting tran saction s, sele ctin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f
p re s c rib e d accounting codes and cla s s ific a tio n s , o r tra cin g tran saction s through previou s
accounting actions to d eterm in e sou rce o f d is c rep a n cies.
M ay be a ssisted by one o r m o re
cla ss B accounting c le r k s .

B ille r , machine (b illin g m a ch in e). U ses a sp ecia l b illin g machine (com bin ation typing
and adding m ach in e) to p rep a re b ills and in vo ic es fr o m cu sto m ers' purchase o r d e r s , in te r ­
n ally p rep a red o rd e r s , shipping m em orandum s, etc. U su ally in volv es application o f p r e ­
determ in ed discounts and shipping ch a rges and en try o f n ecess a ry exten sion s, which m ay o r
m ay not be computed on the b illin g m achine, and tota ls which a re a u tom a tica lly accum ulated
by m ach in e. The operation usually in vo lv es a la rg e number o f carbon co p ies o f the b ill being
p rep a red and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ille r , m achine (bookkeeping m a ch in e). Uses a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without
a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part o f the accounts re c e iv a b le o p e ra ­
tion . G en era lly in volves the sim ultaneous en try o f fig u re s on cu sto m ers' le d g e r re c o r d . The
m achine a u tom a tica lly accum ulates fig u res on a number o f v e r tic a l columns and computes
and u su ally prints a u tom a tica lly the debit o r c re d it balances. Does not in vo lv e a know l­
edge o f bookkeeping.
W orks fr o m uniform and standard types o f sales and c r e d it slip s.

C lass B . Under clo s e su pervision , fo llow in g d eta iled in stru ction s and standardized p r o ­
ced u res, p e r fo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ic a l opera tio n s, such as posting to
le d g e rs , card s, o r w orksh eets w here iden tifica tion o f item s and location s o f postings a re
c le a r ly indicated; checking accu ra cy and co m pleten ess o f standardized and re p e titiv e re co rd s
o r accounting documents; and coding documents using a few p re s c r ib e d accounting codes.
C L E R K , F IL E
F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an establish ed filin g system . M ay p e r fo rm
c le r ic a l and manual tasks re qu ired to m aintain file s . P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the
basis o f the fo llo w in g defin itio n s.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te r ia l such as corresp o n d en ce, re p o rts, tech ­
nical docum ents, etc., in an establish ed filin g system containing a number o f va ried subject
m a tter file s . M ay also file this m a te r ia l. M ay keep re c o rd s o f variou s types in conjunction
with the file s . M ay lead a sm all group o f lo w e r le v e l file c le rk s .

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with o r without a ty p e w r ite r keyboard) to keep a re c o rd
o f business tran saction s.

C la ss B . S orts, codes, and file s
ings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by
c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requ ested,
w ards m a te r ia l. M ay p e r fo rm re la ted

C lass A . K eeps a set o f re c o rd s re qu irin g a knowledge o f and ex p erien c e in basic
bookkeeping p rin c ip le s , and fa m ilia r it y with the stru ctu re o f the p a rticu la r accounting system
used. D eterm in es p ro p e r re c o rd s and d istribu tion o f debit and cred it item s to be used in each
phase o f the w ork. M ay p rep a re consolidated re p o rts , balance sheets, and oth er re c o rd s
by hand.
C la ss B. Keeps a re c o rd o f one o r m o re phases o r sections of a set o f re c o rd s usually
re q u irin g lit t le know ledge o f basic bookkeeping. Ph ases o r sections include accounts payable,
p a y ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts (not including a sim ple type o f b illin g d es crib e d under b ille r ,
m ach in e), cost distribu tion , expense distribu tion , in ven to ry co n trol, etc. M ay check o r a ssist
in preparation o f t r ia l balances and p rep a re con trol sheets fo r the accounting departm ent.
C L E R K , A C C O U N TIN G
P e r fo r m s one o r m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to r e g is t e r s and le d g e rs ;
recon cilin g bank accounts; v e r ify in g the in tern al con sisten cy, com pleten ess, and m ath em atical
a ccu racy of accounting documents; assignin g p r e s c r ib e d accounting distribu tion codes; exam ining
and v e r ify in g fo r c le r ic a l accu racy va riou s types o f re p o r ts , lis t s , calcu lation s, posting, etc.;
o r p rep a rin g sim ple o r a ssistin g in prep a rin g m o re com p licated journal vou ch ers. M ay w ork
in eith er a manual o r automated accounting system .
The w ork re q u ire s a know ledge o f c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e p ra c tic es and procedu res
which re la te s to the c le r ic a l p roce ssin g and re cord in g o f tran saction s and accounting in form ation .
With ex p erien c e, the w o rk er ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and proced u res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a know ledge o f the fo rm al
p rin c ip le s o f bookkeeping and accounting.




NOTE:

u nclassified m a te r ia l by sim ple (su bject m a tter) head­
fin er subheadings. P r e p a re s sim ple re lated index and
loca tes c le a r ly iden tified m a te ria l in file s and f o r ­
c le r ic a l tasks re qu ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that
is a lrea d y been c la s s ifie d o r which
is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n syst.
(e .g ., alph abetical, ch ro n o lo gica l,
o r n u m eric a l). A s requ ested, lo ca tes re a d ily ava ila b le .i a te ria l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a ­
te r ia l; and m a y f i l l out w ithdraw al ch arge. M ay p e r fo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
re q u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e iv e s cu sto m ers' o rd e r s fo r m a te r ia l o r m erch andise by m a il, phone, or p erso n a lly.
Duties in volv e any com bination o f the fo llo w in g : Quoting p r ic e s to cu stom ers; making out an o rd e r
sheet listin g the item s to m ake up the o rd e r ; checking p ric e s and quantities o f item s on o rd e r
sheet; and distribu tin g o rd e r sheets to re s p e c tiv e departm ents to be fille d . M ay check with cred it
departm ent to determ in e c re d it rating o f cu stom er, acknow ledge re ceip t o f o rd e rs from cu stom ers,
fo llo w up o rd e r s to see that they have been fille d , keep file o f o rd e rs re c e iv e d , and check shipping
in vo ic es with o rig in a l o rd e r s .
CLERK, P A YR O LL
Computes w ages o f com pany em p loy ees and en ters the n ece s s a ry data on the p a yroll
sheets. Duties in volv e: Calcu lating w o r k e r s ' earn in gs based on tim e o r production re co rd s; and
posting calcu lated data on p a y ro ll sheet, showing in form a tion such as w o r k e r 's nam e, w orking
days, tim e, ra te, deductions fo r in su rance, and total w ages due. M ay m ake out paychecks and
a ssist pa ym a ster in m aking up and d istribu tin g pay en velo p es. M ay use a calcu lating machine.

The Bureau has discontinued co llectin g data fo r co m p to m eter o p era to rs.

15

16
S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

K EYPU NC H O PER ATO R
O perates a keypunch m achine to r e c o r d
tabulating cards o r on tape.

o r v e r i fy

alphabetic

and/or n um eric

data on

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b asis o f the fo llow in g defin itio n s.
C lass A . W ork re q u ire s the a p plication o f e x p erien c e and judgm ent in s ele ctin g p r o c e ­
dures to be fo llo w ed and in search in g fo r , in te rp retin g , sele ctin g , o r coding item s to be
keypunched fr o m a v a r ie ty o f sou rce docum ents. On occa sio n m ay also p e r fo rm som e routine
keypunch w ork.
M ay tra in in exp erien ced keypunch o p era to rs.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r , " uBed in the le v e l defin ition s fo llo w in g , r e fe r s to
those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t c o rp o ra te -w id e p olicym aking ro le with re g a rd to m a jo r
company a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e p r e s id e n t," though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le , does not
in a ll cases id en tify such position s. V ic e presiden ts whose p r im a ry re s p o n s ib ility is to act p e r ­
sonally on individual ca ses o r tran saction s (e .g ., approve o r deny individual loan o r c r e d it actions;
a d m in ister individual tru st accounts; d ir e c tly su p ervise a c le r ic a l sta ff) a re not co n sid ered to be
"c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes o f applying the fo llow in g le v e l d e fin itio n s .
C la ss A

a ll,
C la ss B . W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under clo s e su p ervisio n o r fo llo w in g s p e cific
proced u res o r in stru ction s, w orks fr o m v a rio u s standardized sou rce documents which have
been coded, and fo llow s s p e cified p roced u res which have been p r e s c r ib e d in d eta il and re q u ire
little o r no s ele ctin g , coding, o r in te rp retin g o f data to be re cord ed . R e fe rs to s u p erviso r
p roblem s a ris in g fr o m erron eou s item s o r codes o r m is sin g in form ation .

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p loys, in
o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p erso n s; o r

2. S e c re ta r y to a co rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the ch airm an o f the board o r p resid en t)
o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000 p e rs o n s ; o r
3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely below the co rp o ra te o ffic e r le v e l,
segm ent o r su bsid iary o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

o f a m a jo r

C la ss B

MESSENGER (O ffic e B oy o r G irl)

1. S e c re ta r y to the chairm an o f the board o r p resid en t o f a com pany that em p loys, in
fe w e r than 100 p ers o n s ; o r

P e r fo r m s va rio u s routine duties such as running erra n d s, o peratin g m in o r o ffic e m a ­
chines such as s e a le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and distrib u tin g m a il, and other m in o r c le r ic a l w ork.
Exclude positions that re q u ire o p era tio n o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a significan t duty.

a ll,

SECRETARY

3. S e c re ta r y to the head, im m ed ia tely b elow the o ffic e r le v e l, o v e r eith er a m a jo r
co rp o ra te -w id e functional a c tiv ity (e .g ., m a rk etin g , re s e a rc h , o p era tio n s, in du strial r e la ­
tion s, etc .) o r a m a jo r geogra ph ic o r o rga n izatio n a l segm ent (e .g ., a re g io n a l h eadquarters;
a m a jo r d ivis io n ) o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 but fe w e r than 25,000
e m p lo y e e s ; o r

A ssig n ed as perso n a l s e c re ta ry , n o rm a lly to one in dividu al. M aintains a clo s e and highly
resp o n siv e relatio n sh ip to the d a y-to -d a y w ork o f the su p e rv is o r. W orks fa ir ly independently r e ­
ceiv in g a m inim um o f d eta iled su p ervisio n and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l
duties, usually including m o st o f the fo llo w in g:
a. R e c e iv e s telephone c a lls , p erso n a l c a lle r s , and incom ing m a il,
in q u ires, and routes tech n ical in q u iries to the p ro p e r persons;

an sw ers

b.

E sta b lish es, m ain tain s,

c.

R ela y s m e ssa ges fr o m

4. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc . (o r oth er equ ivalent le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 p e rs o n s : or
5. S e c re ta r y to the head o f a la rg e and im portan t o rga n iza tio n a l segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le
m anagem ent su p e rv is o r o f an o rga n izatio n a l segm en t often in vo lv in g as m any as s e v e r a l
hundred p erso n s) or a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 25,000 p e r s o n s .

M aintains the s u p e r v is o r's calen dar and m akes appointm ents as in stru cted;

d.

routine

2. S e c re ta r y to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the ch airm an o f the board o r presid en t)
o f a company that em ploys, in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 p e rs o n s ; o r

and r e v is e s the s u p e r v is o r's file s ;
C la ss C

s u p erviso r to subordinates;

e. R ev iew s co rresp o n d en ce, m em orandum s, and re p o rts prep a red
s u p e r v is o r's signatu re to assu re p roce d u ra l and typographic accu racy;
f.

by oth ers fo r the

1. S e c re ta r y to an ex ecu tive o r m a n a geria l person whose re s p o n s ib ility is not equ ivalen t
to one o f the sp e c ific le v e l situations in the definition fo r c la ss B, but whose orga n izatio n a l
unit n o rm a lly num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em p loyees and is u su ally divid ed into o rg a n iz a ­
tional segm ents which a re often , in turn, fu rth er subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l
includes a w ide range o f o rga n izatio n a l echelons; in o th ers, on ly one o r two; or
2. S e c re ta r y to the head o f an individual plant, fa c to ry , etc. (o r oth er equ ivalen t le v e l
o f o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in a ll, fe w e r than 5,000 p e r s o n s .

P e r fo r m s stenographic and typing w ork.

M ay also p e r fo rm oth er c le r ic a l and s e c r e t a r ia l tasks o f com parable nature and d ifficu lty .
The w ork ty p ic a lly re q u ire s know ledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the orga n ization ,
p r o g ra m s , and p roced u res re la ted to the w ork o f the s u p e rv is o r.

E xclu sions
Not a ll position s that a re title d " s e c r e t a r y " p o ssess the above c h a ra c te ris tic s .
o f p osition s which a re excluded fr o m the definition a re as fo llo w s :

Exam ples

C la ss D
1. S e c re ta r y to the s u p erviso r o r head o f a sm all orga n iza tio n a l unit (e .g ., fe w e r than
about 25 o r 30 p erso n s); c>r
2. S ecre ta ry to a n on su p erviso ry staff sp e c ia lis t, p ro fe ssio n a l em p loy ee, a d m in istra ­
tiv e o ffic e r , o r a ssista n t, s k ille d technician o r ex p ert.
(N O T E : Many com panies assign
sten ograph ers, ra th er than s e c re ta rie s as d e s crib e d above, to this le v e l o f su p e rv is o ry o r
n on su pervisory w o r k e r .)
S TE N O G R A P H E R

a.

P o sitio n s

b.

S tenographers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l type duties;

which do

not m eet the

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c re ta ry

concept d e s crib e d

above;

c. S tenographers servin g as o ffic e assistan ts to a group o f p ro fe ssio n a l, tech n ical, or
m a n a g eria l persons;
d. S e c re ta r y position s in which the duties a re eith er substantially m o re routine o r
su bstan tially m o re com p lex and resp o n sib le than those ch a ra cteriz ed in the definition;

P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n s c rib e the dictation . M ay
also type fro m w ritten copy. M ay o p era te fro m a stenographic pool. M ay o cca sio n a lly tra n s c rib e
fro m vo ic e re co rd in g s ( i f p r im a ry duty is tra n scrib in g fro m re c o rd in g s , see T ra n scrib in g -M a ch in e
O p era to r, G en era l).
N O T E : Th is job is distinguished fro m that o f a s e c re ta ry in that a s e c r e ta r y n o rm a lly
w orks in a co n fid en tia l relatio n sh ip w ith only one m an ager o r execu tive and p e r fo rm s m o re
respon sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks as d e s crib e d in the s e c re ta ry job defin ition .
S tenographer, G en eral

e. A ssista n t type position s which in vo lv e m o re d ifficu lt o r m o re resp o n sib le tech ­
n ica l, a d m in istra tive, su p e rv is o ry , o r s p e c ia lize d c le r ic a l duties which a re not typ ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w ork.




D ictation in vo lv es a n orm al routine vo cabu lary. M ay m a in t^ n file s , keep sim ple r e c o r d s ,
o r p e rfo rm oth er r e la t iv e ly routine c le r ic a l tasks.

17
S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u ed

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r } — C on tin u ed

S tenographer, Senior

P o sition s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g definitions.

Dictation in vo lv es a v a rie d tech nical o r sp e c ia lize d vocabu lary such as in leg a l b rie fs
o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific re sea rch . M ay also set up and m aintain file s , keep re c o r d s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties requ irin g sig n ific a n tly g re a te r independence and resp o n ­
s ib ility than sten ogra ph er, ge n era l, as evidenced by the follow in g:
W ork re q u ires a high
d e g re e o f stenographic speed and a ccu racy; a thorough w orkin g knowledge o f gen era l business
and o ffic e p roced u re; and o f the sp e c ific business operations, orga n ization , p o lic ie s , p r o c e ­
du res, file s , w ork flo w , etc.
Uses this knowledge in p erfo rm in g stenographic duties and
resp o n sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow up file s ; a ssem blin g m a te r ia l fo r rep orts,
m em orandum s, and le tte r s ; com posing sim ple le tte rs fro m gen era l in stru ction s; reading and
routing in com ing m a il; and answ erin g routine qu estions, etc.
S W ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R
C lass A . O perates a sin gle- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . P e r fo r m s fu ll telephone in form ation s e r v ic e o r handles
com p lex c a lls , such as co n feren ce, c o lle c t, o v e rs e a s , o r s im ila r c a lls , eith er in addition to
doing routine w ork as d es crib e d fo r sw itchboard o p era to r, class B, o r as a fu ll-tim e
assignm ent. (" F u l l " telephone in form ation s e r v ic e occu rs when the establishm ent has va rie d
functions that a re not re a d ily understandable fo r telephone in form ation pu rposes, e.g ., because
o f overla p p in g o r in te rre la te d functions, and consequently presen t frequ ent problem s as to
which extensions a re a ppropriate fo r c a lls .)
C la ss B . O perates a single- o r m u ltiple-p osition telephone sw itchboard handling incom ing,
outgoing, intraplant o r o ffic e c a lls . M ay handle routine long distance c a lls and re c o rd to lls .
M ay p e r fo rm lim ited telephone in form ation s e r v ic e . (" L im it e d " telephone in form ation s e r v ic e
o ccu rs i f the functions o f the establishm ent s e r v ic e d a re re a d ily understandable fo r telephone
in form a tion pu rposes, o r i f the requ ests a re routine, e.g ., giving extension numbers when
sp e c ific names a re furnished, o r i f com p lex ca lls a re r e fe r r e d to another o p era to r.)
T h ese c la ssifica tio n s do not include sw itchboard o p era to rs in telephone com panies who
a ssist cu stom ers in placing ca lls.
SW ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
In addition to p erfo rm in g duties o f o p era to r on a sin gle-p ositio n o r m o n ito r-ty p e sw itch ­
board, acts as recep tio n ist and m ay also type o r p e r fo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork as part o f regu la r
duties. Th is typing o r c le r ic a l work m ay take the m a jo r part o f this w o r k e r 's tim e w hile at
sw itchboard.
T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R (E le c tr ic Accounting M achine O pera tor)
O perates one o r a v a rie ty o f m achines such as the tabu lator, ca lcu la tor, c o lla to r, in te r­
p r e te r, s o rte r , reprodu cing punch, etc. Excluded fro m this definition a re w orking s u p erviso rs.
A ls o excluded a re o p era to rs o f elec tro n ic d ig ita l com pu ters, even though they m ay also operate
E A M equipment.

C lass A . P e r fo r m s com plete reportin g and tabulating assignm ents including d evisin g
d ifficu lt co n trol panel w irin g under general su pervision. A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve a
v a rie ty o f long and com plex re p orts which often a re ir r e g u la r o r n on recu rrin g, requ irin g
som e planning o f the nature and sequencing o f operations, and the use o f a v a rie ty o f m a ­
chines.
Is ty p ic a lly in volved in train ing new o p era to rs in m achine operations o r train in g
lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs in w irin g fro m d iagram s and in the o pera tin g sequences o f long and
com p lex re p o rts.
Does not include positions in which w irin g re sp o n sib ility is lim ited to
selection and in sertio n o f p rew ired boards.
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s w ork accordin g to established procedu res and under s p e cific in ­
stru ctions. A ssignm ents ty p ic a lly in volve com plete but routine and re c u rrin g reports o r parts
o f la r g e r and m o re com plex re p o rts. O perates m o re d ifficu lt tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l a c ­
counting m achines such as the tabulator and ca lcu la tor, in addition to the sim p ler machines
used by cla ss C o p era to rs. M ay be requ ired to do som e w irin g fro m d iagram s. M ay tra in
new em p loyees in basic machine operations.
C la ss C . Under s p e cific in stru ction s, operates sim ple tabulating o r e le c tr ic a l accounting
m achines such as the s o rte r , in te rp re te r, reprodu cing punch, c o lla to r, etc. A ssignm ents
ty p ic a lly in volve portions o f a work unit, fo r exam ple, individual sortin g o r co lla tin g runs,
o r re p e titiv e opera tio n s. M ay p e rfo rm sim ple w irin g fro m d ia gra m s, and do some filin g w ork.
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r im a r y duty is to tra n scrib e dictation in volvin g a n orm al routine vocabu lary from
tra n scrib in g -m a ch in e re c o rd s . M ay also type fro m w ritten copy and do sim ple c le r ic a l w ork.
W ork ers tra n scrib in g dictation in volving a v a rie d tech nical o r sp e cia lize d vocabu lary such as
le g a l b rie fs o r re p o rts on scie n tific re sea rch a re not included. A w o rk er who takes dictation
in shorthand o r by Stenotype o r s im ila r m achine is c la s s ifie d as a sten ograph er.
T Y P IS T
U ses a ty p e w r ite r to make copies o f variou s m a te r ia ls o r to m ake out b ills a fte r ca lcu la ­
tions have been m ade by another person. May include typing of sten cils, m ats, o r s im ila r m a te ­
r ia ls fo r use in duplicating p r o ce sses. M ay do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little sp ecia l train ing, such
as keeping sim ple re c o r d s , filin g re cord s and re p o rts, o r sortin g and distribu tin g incom ing m a il.
C lass A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a teria l in final fo rm when
it in volv es com bining m a teria l fro m s e v e ra l sou rces; o r re sp o n sib ility fo r c o rr e c t spellin g,
sy llab ica tion , punctuation, etc., of technical o r unusual w ords or fo reig n language m a te ­
ria l; o r planning layout and typing o f com plicated sta tistica l ta bles to m aintain u n iform ity
and balance in spacing. May type routine fo rm le tte rs , va ry in g deta ils to suit circu m sta n ces.
C lass B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fro m rough o r c le a r
d rafts; o r routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.; o r setting up sim ple standard
tabulations; o r copying m o re com plex tables a lrea d y set up and spaced p rop e rly.

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — Continued

COM PUTER O PERATO R
M on itors and o perates the control console o f a digita l com puter to p roce ss data accordin g
to operatin g in stru ction s, usually p rep a red by a p ro g ra m e r. W ork includes m ost of the fo llo w in g :
Studies instructions to determ in e equipment setup and o pera tion s; loads equipment with requ ired
item s (tape re e ls , card s, e tc .); sw itches n ecess a ry a u x ilia ry equipment into c irc u it, and starts
and operates com puter; m akes adjustments to com puter to c o r r e c t operatin g problem s and m eet
sp ecia l conditions; re view s e r r o r s m ade during operation and d eterm in es cause o r r e fe r s problem
to su p erviso r o r p ro g ra m e r; and m aintains operatin g re c o r d s . M ay test and a ssist in c o rrectin g
prog ra m .
F o r wage study pu rposes,

com puter o p era to rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C lass A . O perates independently, o r under only gen era l d irection , a com puter running
p rogra m s with m ost o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s :
New p rogra m s a re frequently tested
and introduced; scheduling requ irem en ts a re o f c r itic a l im portance to m in im ize downtime;
the p rog ra m s a re o f com plex design so that id en tifica tion o f e r r o r sou rce often re q u ires a
w orking know ledge o f the total p ro g ra m , and altern ate p rog ra m s m ay not be a va ila b le. M ay
giv e d irectio n and guidance to lo w e r le v e l o p era to rs.
C lass B . O perates independently, o r under only gen era l direction , a com puter running
p rog ra m s with m ost o f the fo llow in g c h a ra c te ris tic s : M ost o f the p rog ra m s a re established
production runs, ty p ic a lly run on a re g u la rly re cu rrin g basis; there is little o r no testin g




o f new p rog ra m s requ ired ; altern ate p rog ra m s a re p rovid ed in case o rig in a l program needs
m a jo r change o r cannot be c o rr e c te d within a reason able tim e. In common e r r o r situa­
tion s, diagnoses cause and takes c o r r e c tiv e action. Th is usually in volves applying p revio u s ly
p rog ra m ed c o r r e c t iv e steps, o r using standard c o rr e c tio n techniques.
OR
O perates under d ir e c t su p ervision a com puter running p rog ra m s o r segments o f p rogra m s
with the ch a ra c te ris tic s d escrib ed fo r cla ss A . May a ssist a h igh er le v e l o p era to r by in de­
pendently p erfo rm in g less d ifficu lt tasks assigned, and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt tasks fo llow in g
detailed instructions and with frequent re v ie w o f operations p erfo rm e d .
C lass C . W orks on routine p rog ra m s under clo se su pervision. Is expected to d evelop
w orking know ledge o f the com puter equipment used and a b ility to detect problem s in volved in
running routine p ro g ra m s. U su ally has re c e iv e d som e fo rm a l tra in in g in com puter operation.
M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l o p era to r on com plex p ro g ra m s.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business p rob lem s, ty p ic a lly p repa red by a system s analyst, into
a sequence o f deta iled in stru ction s which a re re qu ired to so lve the problem s by automatic data
p roce ssin g equipment. W orking from charts o r d ia gra m s, the p ro g ra m e r develop s the p r e c is e in ­
structions which, when en tered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipulation

18
CO M PUTER

P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u e d

o f data to ach ieve d es ire d re su lts . W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : A p p lies know ledge o f
com pu ter ca p a b ilitie s , m a th em a tics, lo g ic em ployed by co m pu ters, and p a rticu la r subject m a tter
in volv ed to a nalyze charts and d ia gra m s o f the p rob le m to be p rogra m ed ; d evelop s sequence
o f p ro g ra m steps; w rite s deta iled flo w ch arts to show o rd e r in which data w ill be p ro ce ssed ;
co n verts these charts to coded in stru ction s fo r m achine to fo llo w ; tests and c o r r e c ts p ro g ra m s;
p rep a res in stru ction s fo r operatin g personn el during production run; a n alyzes, re v ie w s , and a lte rs
p ro g ra m s to in crea se operatin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requ irem en ts; m aintains re co rd s o f
p ro g ra m developm en t and re v is io n s . (N O T E : W ork ers p e rfo rm in g both system s analysis and p r o ­
gra m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s analysts i f th is is the sk ill used to d eterm in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily re sp o n sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su p ervisio n o f
oth er e le c tro n ic data p ro ce ssin g e m p lo y ees, o r p r o g ra m e r s p r im a r ily concerned with s cie n tific
and/or en gin eerin g p rob le m s.
F o r w age study p u rp oses, p r o g ra m e r s a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:
C la s s A . W orks independently o r under only g e n era l d ir e c tio n on com p lex prob lem s which
re q u ire com petence in a ll phases o f p ro g ra m in g concepts and p r a c tic e s . W orking fro m d ia ­
gram s and charts which id en tify the nature o f d e s ire d re su lts , m a jo r p ro ce ssin g steps to be
a ccom plish ed , and the relationships between va rio u s steps o f the p roblem solvin g routine:
plans the fu ll range o f prog ra m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the com puter system
in a ch ievin g d es ire d end products.
A t this le v e l, p rog ra m in g is d ifficu lt because com pu ter equipment m ust be o rga n ized to
produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m num erous and d iv e rs e data elem en ts.
A w ide v a r ie ty and ex ten sive number o f in tern al p ro c e s s in g action s must o ccu r. Th is requ ires
such actions as developm en t o f com m on o pera tion s which can be reused, establishm ent of
lin kage points betw een o p era tio n s, adjustm ents to data when p rogra m requ irem en ts exceed
com pu ter sto ra ge capacity, and substantial m anipulation and resequ encing o f data elem ents
to fo rm a h igh ly in tegra ted p ro g ra m .
M ay p ro vid e functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s who a re assigned to a ssist.
C l a s s B . " W orks independently o r under only ge n era l d irection on r e la t iv e ly sim ple
p ro g ra m s , o r on sim p le segm ents o f com p lex p ro g ra m s .
P ro g ra m s (o r segm en ts) usually
p ro c e s s in form a tion to produce data in two o r th ree v a rie d sequences o r fo rm a ts. R ep orts
and listin g s a re produced by refin in g, adapting, a rra y in g , o r making m in o r additions to or
deletion s fr o m input data which a re re a d ily a va ila b le.
W hile numerous re co rd s m ay be
p ro c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r actions so that the accu ra cy and sequencing
o f data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
T y p ic a lly , the p rog ra m deals with
routine re c o rd -k e e p in g type opera tio n s.
OR
W orks on co m p le x p ro g ra m s (as d e s crib e d fo r cla ss A ) under clo se d ire c tio n o f a h igher
le v e l p r o g ra m e r o r su p e rv is o r. M ay a ssist h igh er le v e l p ro g ra m e r by independently p e r ­
fo rm in g le s s d iffic u lt tasks assigned, and p e rfo rm in g m o re d iffic u lt tasks under fa ir ly clo se
d irectio n .
M ay guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g ra m e r s .
C la ss C . M akes p r a c tic a l applications o f p rog ra m in g p ra c tic es and concepts usually
lea rn ed in fo rm a l tra in in g co u rses . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d evelop com petence in the
a pplication o f standard p roced u res to routine p ro b le m s. R e c e iv e s clo se su p ervision on new
a spects o f a ssignm ents; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a ccu racy and conform ance with
re q u ired p roce d u res.
C O M P U T E R SYS TEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
A n a ly ze s business prob lem s to form u la te proced u res fo r so lvin g them by use o f e lec tro n ic
data p ro ce ssin g equipment. D evelops a co m p lete d escrip tio n o f all sp e cifica tion s needed to enable
p r o g ra m e r s to p rep a re re qu ired d ig ita l com puter p ro g ra m s. W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly ze s su b jec t-m a tter operations to be automated and id en tifies conditions and c r ite r ia requ ired
to a ch ieve s a tis fa c to ry re su lts ; s p e c ifie s number and types o f re c o r d s , file s , and documents to
be used; outlin es actions to be p erfo rm e d by personn el and com puters in su fficien t detail fo r
presen tatio n to m anagem ent and fo r p rog ra m in g (ty p ic a lly this in volves p repa ra tion o f w ork and
data flo w ch a rts); co ordin ates the developm en t o f test problem s and particip ates in tria l runs of
new and re v is e d system s: and recom m en ds equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll
o p era tio n s. (N O T E : W ork ers p erfo rm in g both system s a n alysis and progra m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as sy stem s analysts i f this is the sk ill used to determ in e th e ir pay.)
Does not include em p loy ees p r im a r ily respon sib le fo r the m anagem ent o r su pervision
o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g em p lo y ees, o r system s analysts p r im a rily concerned with
s c ie n tific o r en gin eerin g p rob lem s.
F o r w age study pu rposes,

system s analysts a re c la s s ifie d as fo llow s:

C la ss A .
W orks independently o r under only gen era l d ire c tio n on com plex problem s inv o lv in g a ll phases o f system s a n a lysis. P ro b le m s a re co m p lex because o f d iv e rs e sou rces o f
input data and m u ltip le -u s e requ irem en ts o f output data. (F o r exam ple, d evelop s an in tegrated
produ ction scheduling, in ven tory co n tro l, cost a n a ly sis, and sales analysis re c o r d in which




CO M PU TER

SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

B U S IN E S S — C o n tin u ed

e v e ry item o f each type is au tom a tica lly p r o ce ssed through the fu ll system o f re c o rd s and
a ppropriate follow u p actions a re in itia ted by the com puter.) Confe 3 with persons concern ed to
determ in e the data p ro ce ssin g prob lem s and advises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lic a ­
tions o f new o r re v is e d system s o f data p ro c e s s in g o p era tio n s. M akes recom m en dation s, i f
needed, fo r a p proval o f m a jo r system s in stalla tio n s o r changes and fo r obtaining equipment.
M ay p rovid e functional
as sist.

d ire c tio n to lo w e r

le v e l system s analysts who a re assigned to

C la ss B . W orks independently o r under on ly g e n era l d ire c tio n on prob lem s that a re
r e la t iv e ly uncom plicated to an alyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and o p era te. P ro b le m s a re o f lim ited
co m p le xity because sou rces o f input data a re hom ogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly
re la ted .
(F o r exa m ple, develop s system s fo r m aintaining d ep osito r accounts in a bank,
m aintaining accounts re c e iv a b le in a re ta il establish m ent, o r m aintaining in ven to ry accounts
in a m anufacturing o r w h o lesa le esta blish m en t.) C o n fers with persons concern ed to determ in e
the data p ro ce ssin g prob lem s and a d vises su b jec t-m a tter personn el on the im p lica tio n s o f the
data p ro ce ssin g system s to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a co m p lex data p ro c e s s in g schem e o r system , as d e s crib e d fo r
cla ss A . W orks independently on routine assignm ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance
on com p lex assignm ents. W ork is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu ra cy o f judgm ent, com plian ce w ith in ­
stru ctions, and to in su re p ro p e r alinem en t with the o v e r a ll system .
C la ss C . W orks under im m ed ia te su p ervisio n , c a rr y in g out analyses as assigned, usually
o f a sin gle a ctiv ity . A ssign m en ts a re design ed to d ev elop and expand p r a c tic a l ex p erien c e
in the application o f proced u res and sk ills re q u ired fo r system s ana lysis w ork. F o r exa m ple,
m ay a ssist a h igh er le v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the d eta iled sp ecifica tion s re q u ired
by p r o g ra m e r s fro m in form a tion develop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.
D RAFTSM AN
C la ss A . Plan s the graphic presen tation o f co m p lex item s having d istin ctive design
fea tu res that d iffe r sig n ific a n tly fr o m esta b lish ed d raftin g p reced en ts. W orks in clo s e sup­
port with the d esign o rig in a to r , and m ay recom m en d m in o r design changes. A n a ly ze s the
e ffe c t o f each change on the deta ils o f fo rm , function, and position a l relation sh ips o f c o m ­
ponents and p a rts.
W orks with a m inim um o f s u p e rv is o ry a ssista n ce. C om pleted w ork is
re v ie w e d by design o rig in a to r fo r con sisten cy with p r io r en gin eerin g determ in a tion s. M ay
e ith er p rep a re draw in gs, o r d ir e c t th e ir prep a ra tion by lo w e r le v e l draftsm en .
C la ss B . P e r fo r m s nonroutine and com p lex draftin g assignm ents that re q u ire the a p p li­
cation o f m o st o f the standardized draw in g techniques re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in ­
vo lv e such w ork as:
P r e p a re s w orkin g draw in gs o f su b a ssem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes,
m u ltip le functions, and p r e c is e position al relation sh ips betw een com ponents; p rep a res a r c h i­
tectu ra l draw ings fo r constru ction o f a building including d eta il draw in gs o f foundations, w all
sectio n s, flo o r plans, and ro o f. Uses accepted form u la s and m anuals in m aking n ece s s a ry
com putations to d eterm in e qu antities o f m a te r ia ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strength s,
s tre s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s in itia l in stru ction s, re q u irem en ts, and a d vice fr o m su p e rv is o r.
C om pleted w ork is checked fo r tech nical adequacy.
C lass C . P r e p a re s detail draw in gs o f sin gle units o r p a rts fo r en gin eerin g , constru ction,
m anufacturing, o r re p a ir pu rp oses. T yp es o f draw in gs p rep a red include is o m e tr ic p rojec tio n s
(dep ictin g th ree dim ension s in accu rate s c a le ) and section al vie w s to c la r ify position in g o f
components and convey needed in form a tion . C o n solid ates d eta ils fr o m a num ber o f sou rces
and adjusts o r tra n sp oses sca le as requ ired . Suggested m ethods o f approach, a p p licable
p reced en ts, and advice on sou rce m a te r ia ls a re given with in itia l assignm ents. Instructions
a re less com plete when assignm ents re cu r.
W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p r o g re s s .
D R A F T S M A N -T R A C E R
C opies plans and draw in gs p rep a red by oth ers by placin g tra c in g cloth o r paper o v e r
draw in gs and tra cin g with pen o r pen cil.
(Does not include tra c in g lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily
con sistin g o f straight lin es and a la rg e sca le not re q u irin g clo s e delin ea tion .)
AND/OR
P r e p a re s sim ple o r re p e titiv e draw ings o f e a s ily v is u a liz e d item s .
during p r o g re s s .

W ork is c lo s e ly su pervised

E L E C T R O N IC S TE C H N IC IA N
W orks on variou s types of ele c tro n ic equipment o r system s by p e rfo rm in g one o r m o re
o f the fo llow in g o peration s: M odifyin g, in stallin g, re p a irin g , and overh au ling. T h ese operations
re q u ire the p erfo rm a n ce o f m o st o r all o f the fo llo w in g tasks: A ssem b lin g, testin g, adjusting,
ca lib ra tin g, tuning, and alinin g.
W ork is n on rep etitive and re q u ire s a know ledge o f the th e ory and p ra c tic e o f e le c tro n ic s
pertain in g to the use o f ge n era l and s p e c ia lize d ele c tro n ic test equipm ent: trou ble an alysis; and
the operation , relatio n sh ip , and alinem en t o f e le c tro n ic sy stem s, su bsystem s, and circu its having
a v a rie ty o f component p a rts.

19
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — Continued

NU RSE, IN D U S T R IA L (R e g is te r e d )

E le c tr o n ic equipment o r system s w orked on ty p ic a lly include one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g :
Ground, v e h ic le , o r a irb o rn e radio com m unications system s, r e la y system s, navigation aids;
a irb o rn e o r ground ra d a r system s; radio and te le v is io n tra n sm ittin g o r re cord in g sy stem s; e l e c ­
tro n ic com pu ters; m is s ile and sp a ce cra ft guidance and co n trol system s; in du strial and m e d ica l
m easu rin g, in dicating and c o n trollin g d ev ices; etc.

A re g is te r e d nurse who g iv es nursing s e r v ic e under g e n era l m e d ic a l d irection to ill or
injured em p loyees o r other person s who becom e i ll o r su ffer an accident on the p r e m i s e s of a
fa c to ry o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in volve a com bination o f the following: Giving first aid
to the i l l o r in jured; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f em p lo y e e s ' in ju ries; keeping records
of patients trea ted ; p rep a rin g accident rep orts fo r com pensation o r oth er pu rposes; assisting in
ph ysical exam inations and health evaluations o f applicants and em p lo y ees; and planning an d c a r r y ­
ing out p rog ra m s in volvin g health education, accident preven tion , evalu ation of plant en viron m en t,
o r other a c tiv itie s a ffec tin g the health, w e lfa re , and sa fety o f a ll perso n n el. N u rsing supervisors
o r head nurses in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one nurse a re excluded.

(E xclu de production a s s e m b le rs and te s te r s , craftsm en , draftsm en , d e s ig n e rs , en gin eers,
and re p a irm e n o f such standard e le c tro n ic equipment as o ffic e m achines, ra dio and te le v is io n
re c e iv in g s e t s .)

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r fo r m s the ca rp en try duties n e c e s s a ry to construct and m aintain in good re p a ir bu ild­
ing w oodw ork and equipment such as bins, c r ib s , counters, benches, p a rtitio n s, d o o rs, flo o r s ,
s ta irs , casin gs, and t r im m ade o f wood in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
Planning and layin g out o f w ork fr o m blu eprin ts, draw in gs, m o d els , o r v erb a l in stru ction s; using a
v a rie ty o f c a rp en ter's handtools, p ortable p ow er to o ls , and standard m easu ring in stru m en ts; m ak­
ing standard shop computations relatin g to dim ensions o f w ork; and sele ctin g m a te ria ls n ece s s a ry
fo r the w ork.
In g e n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance ca rp en ter re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and
e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.

P rod u ces rep la cem en t parts and new parts in m aking re p a irs of me ta l parts of me ch an ic al
equipment operated in an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost of the following: Interpreting written
in stru ction s and s p e cifica tio n s; planning and laying out o f w ork; using a variety of machinist's
handtools and p recisio n m easu rin g instrum ents; setting up and operatin g standard m a c h i n e tools;
shaping o f m e ta l parts to clo s e to le ra n c es; making standard shop computations relating to d i m e n ­
sions o f w ork, too lin g, fee d s, and speeds of m achining; know ledge of the w o rk in g properties of
the com m on m e ta ls; sele ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts, and eq uipment required for his work;
and fittin g and a ssem blin g parts into m echan ical equipm ent. In general, the machinist's w o r k
n o rm a lly re q u ires a rounded tra in in g in m achine-shop p ra c tic e usually acquired through a fo rmal
apprenticeship o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and ex p erien ce.

E L E C T R IC IA N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic a l tra d e functions such as the in stalla tion , m aintenance, or
re p a ir o f equipment fo r the gen era tion , distribu tion , o r u tiliza tio n o f e le c tr ic en erg y in an esta b ­
lish m en t. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : In stallin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c ­
t r ic a l equipment such as g e n era to rs , t ra n s fo rm e rs , sw itch boards, c o n tr o lle r s , circ u it b r e a k e r s ,
m o to rs, heating units, conduit system s, o r other tra n sm ission equipment; w orkin g fr o m blu e­
p rin ts, draw in gs, layouts, or other sp e cifica tio n s; locatin g and diagnosing trou ble in the e le c tr ic a l
sy stem oi- equipment; w orkin g standard computations relatin g to load requ irem en ts o f w irin g o r
e le c tr ic a l equipment; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c tr ic ia n 's handtools and m easu ring and testin g
in stru m en ts. In g e n era l, the w ork of the m aintenance e le c tr ic ia n re q u ires rounded tra in in g and
ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent tra in in g and ex p erien c e.
E N G IN E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
Operates and maintains and m ay also su p ervise the operation of station ary engines and
equipment (m echan ical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the establish m ent in which em ployed with po w er,
heat, re frig e ra tio n , o r a ir-co n d ition in g . W ork in v o lv e s : O perating and m aintaining equipment
such as steam engines, a ir c o m p r e s s o rs , ge n era to rs , m o to rs , turbines, ven tila tin g and r e f r i g ­
eratin g equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r - fe d w a ter pumps; m aking equipment re p a irs ; and
keeping a re c o rd o f operation o f m a ch in ery, tem p era tu re, and fu el consum ption. M ay also su­
p e r v is e these operations. Head o r ch ief en gin eers in establish m ents em ploying m o re than one
en gin eer a re exclu ded.
F IR E M A N , S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F ir e s station ary b o ile rs to furnish the establish m ent in which em ployed w ith heat, po w er,
o r steam . F eed s fu els to fir e by hand o r op era tes a m ech an ical sto k er, gas, o r o il bu rn er; and
checks w a ter and safety v a lv e s .
M ay clean, o il, o r a ssist in rep a irin g b o ile rr o o m equipment.
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E TR A D E S
A s s is ts one o r m o re w o rk e rs in the sk ille d maintenance tra d es , by p erfo rm in g sp e c ific
o r ge n era l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, such as keeping a w o rk e r supplied with m a te r ia ls and to o ls;
cleaning w orkin g a rea , m achine, and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a te r ia ls or
to o ls; and p erfo rm in g other unskilled tasks as d ire c te d by journeym an. The kind o f w ork the
h elp er is p erm itted to p e r fo rm v a rie s fr o m tra d e to tra d e: In som e trades the h elp er is confined
to supplying, liftin g , and holding m a te r ia ls and to o ls , and clean ing w orking a re a s ; and in others
he is p erm itted to p e r fo rm sp e cia lize d m achine opera tio n s, o r parts of a tra d e that a re also
p erfo rm e d by w o rk e rs on a fu ll-tim e basis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O L R O O M
S p ecia liz es in the operation o f one o r m o re types o f machine too ls, such as ji g b o r e r s ,
cy lin d ric a l o r su rface g r in d e rs , engine lathes, o r m illin g m achines, in the construction of
m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s , fix tu res, o r d ies. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning
and p erfo rm in g d ifficu lt m achining operations; p ro ce ssin g item s requ iring com plicated setups or
a high d eg ree o f a ccu racy; using a v a rie ty of p re c is io n m easu ring instrum ents; sele ctin g fee d s,
speeds, too lin g, and operation sequence; and m aking n ece s s a ry adjustments during operation
to ach ieve re q u isite tole ra n c es or dim ension s. M ay be requ ired to re cog n ize when too ls need
d ressin g, to d ress to o ls , and to se le c t p ro p e r coolants and cutting and lu bricatin g o ils .
For
cro s s -in d u s try w age study pu rp oses, m a ch in e-to o l o p era to rs, to o lro o m , in to o l and die jobbing
shops a re excluded fr o m this cla s s ific a tio n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M aintenance)
R ep a irs au tom obiles, buses, m o tortru ck s, and t ra c to rs o f an establishment. W o r k in­
v o lv e s m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining autom otive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dis­
a ssem blin g equipment and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that in vo lv e the use of such handtools as wr enches,
g a g es, d r ills , o r s p e c ia lize d equipment in d isa ssem b lin g o r fittin g parts; replacing br ok en or
d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m stock; grind ing and adjusting v a lv e s ; reassembling an d installing the various
a ssem b lies in the v e h ic le and m aking n e c e s s a r y adjustm ents; and alining wheels, adjusting brakes
and ligh ts, o r tightening body bolts. In g e n e ra l, the w ork of the automotive m e c h a n i c requires
rounded tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equ ivalen t
tr a in in g

and

e x p e rie n c e .

Th is c la s s ific a tio n does not include m echan ics who re p a ir customers' vehicles iq auto­
m o b ile re p a ir shops.
M E C H A N IC , M A IN T E N A N C E
R ep airs m a ch in ery o r m ech a n ica l equipment o f an establish m ent. W o r k in volves m o s t
o f the fo llo w in g : Exam ining m achines and m ech an ical equipm ent to diagnose sou rce of trouble;
dism antling o r p a rtly dism antlin g m achines and p erfo rm in g re p a irs that m a in ly in volve the use
o f handtools in scra p in g and fittin g pa rts; rep la cin g broken o r d e fe c tiv e parts with item s obtained
fro m stock; o rd erin g the production o f a repla cem en t part by a m achine shop o r sending of the
machine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs ; p rep a rin g w ritten sp e cifica tion s fo r m a jo r repairs
o r fo r the production o f parts o rd e re d fr o m machine shop; reassem b lin g m achines; and m a k i n g
a ll n e c e s s a ry adjustm ents fo r operation. In g e n era l, the w ork o f a m aintenance m echanic requires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
train in g and ex p e rie n c e . Excluded fro m this c la s s ific a tio n a re w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m achines.
M IL L W R IG H T
In sta lls new m achines o r heavy equipm ent, and dism antles and in stalls ma ch i n e s or heavy
equipment when changes in the plant layout a re requ ired . W ork in volv es m ost of the following;
Planning and layin g out of the w ork; in terp retin g blueprints or other specifications; using a variety
o f handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop computations re la tin g to s tre s s e s , strength of
m a te r ia ls , and cen ters o f g r a v ity ; alinin g and balancing of equipment; selecting standard tools,
equipment, and parts to be used; and in stallin g and ^maintaining in good order p o w e r transmission
equipment such as d r iv e s and speed red u cers . In g e n era l, the m illw rig h t's w ork normally requires
a rounded train in g and e x p erien c e in the trade acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
P A IN T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
Paints and re d eco ra tes w a lls , w oodw ork, and fix tu res o f an establish m ent. W o r k involves
the fo llo w in g : K n ow ledge o f su rface p e c u lia r itie s and types o f paint re qu ired for different applica­
tion s; preparin g su rface fo r painting by re m o vin g old fin ish o r by placin g putty or filler in nail

20
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

S H E E T -M E T A L

holes and in te rs tic e s ; and applying paint with sp ra y gun o r brush. May m ix c o lo r s , o ils , white
lead, and oth er paint in gredien ts to obtain p ro p e r c o lo r o r con sisten cy. In ge n era l, the w ork o f the
m aintenance pain ter re q u ires rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equ ivalent train in g and ex p e rie n c e .

types o f sh eet-m e ta l m aintenance w ork fr o m blu eprints, m o d els , o r oth er sp ecifica tion s; setting
up and operatin g a ll a va ila b le types o f s h eet-m e ta l w orkin g m achines; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
in cutting, bending, fo rm in g , shaping, fittin g , and a ssem blin g; and in sta llin g sh eet-m e ta l a rtic le s
as requ ired . In ge n era l, the w ork o f the m aintenance s h eet-m e ta l w o rk er re q u ires rounded
tra in in g and ex p erien c e usually acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equ ivalent train in g
and ex p erien c e.

P IP E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
In stalls o r re p a irs w a te r, steam , gas, o r oth er types o f pipe and pip efittin gs in an
establishm ent. W ork in vo lv es m o st o f the fo llo w in g : L a yin g out o f work and m easu rin g to locate
position o f pipe fr o m draw ings o r oth er w ritten sp e cifica tion s; cutting va riou s s iz e s o f pipe to
c o r r e c t lengths with c h isel and h am m er o r o xy acetylen e torch o r pipe-cu ttin g m ach in es; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by h an d-driven o r p o w e r-d riv e n m ach in es; assem blin g
pipe with couplings and fasten ing pipe to h an gers; m aking standard shop com putations re la tin g to
p re s s u re s , flo w , and s iz e o f pipe requ ired; and m aking standard tests to determ in e w hether fin ­
ished pipes m e et sp e cifica tio n s.
In g e n era l, the w ork o f the maintenance p ip e fitte r re q u ires
rounded tra in in g and e x p erien c e u su ally acqu ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent
tra in in g and ex p erien c e. W ork ers p r im a r ily engaged in in stallin g and re p a irin g building sanitation
o r heating system s a re exclu ded.
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER, M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b ric a te s , in s ta lls , and m aintains in good re p a ir the sh eet-m eta l equipm ent and fix tu res
(such as m achine guards, g r e a s e pans, s h elves , lo c k e rs , tanks, v e n tila to rs , chutes, ducts, m eta l
ro o fin g ) o f an establish m ent. W ork in volv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out a ll

W O R K E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u ed

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
Constructs and re p a irs m ach in e-sh op to o ls , ga ges, jig s , fix tu res o r dies fo r fo rg in g s ,
punching, and other m e ta l-fo rm in g w ork.
W ork in vo lv es m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and
la yin g out o f w ork fr o m m o d els , blu eprints, d raw in gs, o r oth er o ra l and w ritten sp ecifica tion s;
using a v a r ie ty o f to o l and die m a k e r's handtools and p r e c is io n m easu rin g instrum ents; u nder­
standing o f the w orkin g p ro p e rtie s o f com m on m e ta ls and a llo y s; settin g up and operatin g o f
m achine too ls and re la ted equipment; m aking n e c e s s a ry shop computations re la tin g to dim ensions
o f w ork, speeds, fee d s, and too lin g o f m ach in es; h ea t-trea tin g o f m eta l parts during fa b rica tio n
as w e ll as o f fin ish ed too ls and dies to a ch ieve re q u ire d q u a lities ; w orkin g to clo s e to le ra n c es;
fittin g and a ssem blin g o f parts to p r e s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llow an ces; and s ele ctin g appropriate
m a te r ia ls , to o ls , and p r o c e s s e s . In g e n era l, the to o l and die m a k e r's w ork re q u ires a rounded
tra in in g in m ach in e-sh op and to o lro o m p r a c tic e u su ally a cq u ired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship
o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p erien c e.
F o r c ro s s -in d u s tr y w age study pu rp oses, to o l and die m a k ers in to o l
shops a re excluded fr o m this c la s s ific a tio n .

and die jobbing

C U S T O D IA L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
S H IP P IN G A ND R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

GU ARD A N D W A T C H M A N
Guard. P e r fo r m s routine p o lic e duties, eith er at fix ed post o r on tou r, m aintaining o rd e r ,
using arm s o r fo r c e w h ere n e c e s s a ry . Includes gatem en who a re stationed at gate and check
on iden tity o f em p loy ees and oth er persons en te rin g .
W atchm an. M akes rounds o f p re m is e s p e r io d ic a lly in p rotectin g p ro p e rty against fir e ,
theft, and ille g a l en try.
JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R

P r e p a r e s m erch a n dise fo r shipm ent, o r re c e iv e s and is re sp o n sib le fo r incom ing ship­
m ents o f m erch a n dise o r oth er m a t e r ia ls . Shipping w ork in v o lv e s : A know ledge o f shipping p r o ­
ced u res, p r a c tic e s , rou tes, a va ila b le m eans o f tra n sporta tion , and ra tes; and p rep a rin g re co rd s
o f the goods shipped, m aking up b ills o f lading, posting w eight and shipping ch a rge s, and keeping
a file o f shipping re c o r d s .
M ay d ir e c t o r a s s is t in p rep a rin g the m erch a n dise fo r shipment.
R e c e iv in g w ork in v o lv e s : V e r ify in g o r d irectin g oth ers in v e r ify in g the c o rr e c tn e s s of shipments
against b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , o r oth er re c o r d s ; checking fo r sh ortages and re je c tin g dam ­
aged goods; routing m erch a n dise o r m a te r ia ls to p ro p e r departm ents; and m aintaining n e c e s s a ry
re c o rd s and file s .

Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly condition fa c to ry w orkin g a rea s and w ashroom s, o r
p r e m is e s o f an o ffic e , apartm ent house, o r c o m m e rc ia l o r oth er establish m ent. Duties in volve
a com bination o f the fo llo w in g ; Sweeping, m opping o r scrubbing, and polish ing flo o r s ; rem o vin g
ch ips, tra sh , and oth er re fu se; dusting equipment, fu rn itu re, o r fix tu res; polish ing m eta l fi x ­
tu res o r trim m in g s; p rovid in g supplies and m in o r m aintenance s e r v ic e s ; and cleaning la v a to rie s ,
sh ow ers, and re s tro o m s . W ork ers who s p e c ia lize in window washing a re excluded.

F o r w age study pu rp oses,

w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c le r k
Shipping c le r k
Shipping and re c e iv in g c le r k
T R U C K D R IV E R

L A B O R E R , M A T E R IA L H A N D L IN G
A w o rk e r em p loyed in a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, sto re, o r other establishm ent
whose duties in vo lv e one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g : Loading and unloading va riou s m a te r ia ls and
m erch a n d ise on o r fr o m fr e ig h t c a rs , tru ck s, o r oth er tra n sp ortin g d ev ices; unpacking, sh elvin g,
o r p lacin g m a te r ia ls o r m erch a n d ise in p rop e r sto ra ge location; and tra n sp ortin g m a te ria ls o r
m erch a n dise by handtruck, ca r, o r w h eelb a rrow . L ongshorem en , who load and unload ships a re
exclu ded.

D riv e s a tru ck w ithin a city o r in du strial a rea to tra n sp o rt m a te r ia ls , m erch a n d ise,
equipm ent, o r m en betw een va rio u s types o f establish m ents such as: M anufacturing plants, fr e ig h t
depots, w areh ou ses, w h o lesa le and r e ta il establish m ents, o r betw een re ta il establish m ents and
cu sto m ers' houses o r pla ces o f business. M ay also load o r unload tru ck with o r without h elp ers,
m ake m in o r m ech an ical re p a irs , and keep tru ck in good w orkin g o rd e r .
D riv e r-s a le s m e n and
o v e r-th e -ro a d d r iv e r s a re exclu d ed .

fo llo w s :

ORD ER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r o rd e rs fo r fin ish ed goods fro m stored m erch a n dise in a c c o rd ­
ance with sp e cifica tion s on sa les slip s , cu sto m ers' o r d e r s , o r other in stru ction s. May, in addition
to fillin g o rd e rs and in dicating item s fille d o r om itted, keep re c o rd s o f outgoing o rd e r s , re q u i­
sition additional stock o r re p o rt short supplies to s u p erviso r, and p erfo rm oth er re la ted duties.

F o r w age study pu rp oses, tru c k d riv e r s a re c la s s ifie d by s iz e and type o f equipment, as
(T r a c t o r - t r a ile r should be rated on the basis o f t r a ile r ca p a city.)
T ru c k d riv e r
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,
T r u c k d riv e r,

(com bin ation o f s iz e s lis te d s e p a ra te ly)
ligh t (under IV 2 tons)
m edium (I V 2 to and including 4 tons)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, t r a ile r type)
h eavy (o v e r 4 tons, oth er than t r a ile r type)

P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G
T R U C K E R , PO W E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed produ cts fo r shipment o r sto ra ge by placing them in shipping con­
ta in e r s , the s p e c ific operations p erfo rm e d being dependent upon the type, s iz e , and number
o f units to be packed, the type o f contain er em ployed, and method o f shipment. W ork requ ires
the pla cin g o f item s in shipping contain ers and m a y in vo lv e one o r m o re of the fo llo w in g ;
Know ledge o f va rio u s item s o f stock in o rd e r to v e r ify content; selection o f a p propriate type
and s iz e o f con tain er; in sertin g en clo su res in contain er; using e x c e ls io r o r other m a te r ia l to
p reven t breakage o r dam age; clo sin g and sealin g contain er; and applying labels o r en terin g
id en tifyin g data on con tain er.
P a ck e rs who also m ake wooden boxes o r c ra tes a re excluded.




_ , tt
a

n

O perates a m anually c o n tro lled gasolin e- o r e le c tric -p o w e re d tru ck o r tra c to r to tra n sp o rt
goods and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w areh ou se, m anufacturing plant, o r oth er establish m ent.
F o r w age study pu rp oses, w o rk ers a re c la s s ifie d by type o f tru ck,

as fo llo w s:

T r u c k e r, p o w er (fo r k lift)
T r u c k e r, p o w er (o th er than fo r k lift)

(-i/ -vT 7 r'n \ T ivA ,C 'M rn

n D T M T T M C

OTT’ TT’ T

.

1 Q 7 7 ___ 7 4 f i _ 1 R Q / c n

A re a W a g e S u rv ey s
A lis t of the latest available bulletins is presented below. A d ire c to ry of area wage studies including m ore lim ited studies conducted at the
request of the Em ploym ent Standards A dm inistration of the Department of Labor is available on request. Bulletins m ay be purchased from any of the BLS
region al sales o ffices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government P rin tin g O ffice, Washington, D.C., 20402.
A re a
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1972__________________________________
Albany— chenectady-Troy, N .Y ., M ar. 1972___________
S
Albuquerque, N. M e x ., M ar. 1972 1_____________________
Allentown—
Bethlehem—
Easton, Pa.— .J., May 1972 1 __
N
Atlanta, G a., May 1972 1_________________________________
Austin, T ex ., Dec. 1972 1 (to be surveyed)
B a ltim o re, M d., Aug. 1972 1------------------------------------Beaumont— o r t Arthur—Orange, T ex ., M ay 1972______
P
Binghamton, N .Y ., July 1972____________________________
Birm ingham , A la ., M ar. 1972___________________________
B oise C ity, Idaho, Nov. 1972 1 __________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 19721 ______________________________
B uffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 19721 _______________________________
Burlington, V t., Dec. 1972 1 _____________________________
Canton, Ohio, M ay 1972 1________________________________
Charleston, W. V a ., M ar. 1972 1 -----------------------------C harlotte, N .C ., Jan. 19721 _____________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a., Sept. 1972 1 -----------------------Chicago, 111., June 1972__________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—
Ind., Feb. 1972___________________
C leveland, Ohio, Sept. 19721____________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1972 1------------------------------------D allas, T ex ., Oct. 19721 ----------------------------------------Davenport—
Rock Island— oline, Iowa—
M
111., Feb. 1972 1__
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1972-----------------------------------------Denver, C olo., Dec. 1972________________________________
Des M oines, Iowa, May 1972 1 __________________________
D etroit, M ich., Feb. 1972_______________________________
Durham, N .C ., A pr. 1972 1______________________________
F o rt Lauderdale— ollywood and West P a lm
H
Beach, F la ., A pr. 1972 1_______________________________
F o rt Worth, T ex ., Oct. 1972 1----------------------------------G reen Bay, W is ., July 1972 1-----------------------------------G reen ville, S.C., May 1972______________________________
Houston, T ex ., A pr. 1972________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 19721 ____________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1972 1----------------------------------Jackson, M iss., Jan. 1972— _____________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1972___________________________
Kansas City, M o.-K an s., Sept. 1972 ------------------------Law rence— averh ill, M ass.— .H ., June 1972 1----------H
N
Lexington, K y., Nov. 19721______________________________
L ittle Rock—
North L ittle Rock, A rk ., July 1972 1-------Los Angeles—
Long Beach and Anaheim—
Santa Anar—
Garden G rove, C a lif., M ar. 1972______________________
L o u is v ille , Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1971 1________________________
Lubbock, T ex ., M ar. 19721______________________________
M anchester, N.H., July 1972 1 ------------------ ------ -------M em phis, Tenn.— r k ., Nov. 1972_______________________
A
M iam i, F la ., Nov. 19721 ________________________________
Midland and Odessa, T e x ., Jan. 1972 1 _________________
l

Bulletin number
and p rice
1775-36,
1725-49,
1725-59,
1725-87,
1725-77,

40 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
45 cents

1775-20,
1725-69,
1775-5,
1725-58,
1775-32,
1775-13,
1775-18,
1775-28,
1725-75,
1725-63,
1725-48,
1775-14,
1725-92,
1725-56,
1775-15,
1775-23,
1775-25,
1725-55,
1775-34,
1775-35,
1725-86,
1725-68,
1725-64,

75 cents
30 cents
45 cents
30 cents
50 cents
75 cents
65 cents
50 cents
35 cents
35 cents
35 cents
55 cents
70 cents
35 cents
75 cents
55 cents
75 cents
35 cents
40 cents
40 cents
35 cents
40 cents
30 cents

1725-74,
1775-24,
1775-1,
1725-66,
1725-79,
1725-50,
1775-27,
1725-38,
1775-31,
1775-17,
1725-81,
1775*-22,
1775-2,

35 cents
50 cents
55 cents
30 cents
35 cents
35 cents
55 cents
30 cents
40 cents
50 cents
35 cents
50 cents
55 cents

1725-76,
1725-29,
1725-57,
1775-8,
1775-30,
1775-29,
1725-37,

45 cents
35 cents
35 cents
55 cents
40 cents
55 cents
30 cents

Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.




A re a
Milwaukee, W is., M ay 1972 1_____________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Pau l, Minn., Jan. 19721 ________________
Muskegon—
Muskegon Heights, M ich., June 1972 1 ______
Newark and J ersey C ity, N.J., Jan. 1972 1 _______________
New Haven, Conn., Jan. 1972 1___________________________
New O rleans, L a., Jan. 1972_____________________________
New York, N .Y ., Apr. 19721
_____________________________
N orfolk — irg in ia Beach—
V
Portsm outh and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va., Jan. 1972-------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., July 1972------------------------------Omaha, N eb r.-Iow a, Sept. 1972__________________________
P a te r son— lifton— a s s a ic , N.J., June1972 1 ---------------C
P
Philadelphia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1971 1 _____________________
Phoenix, A r i z . , June 1972 1--------------------------------------Pittsburgh, P a ., Jan. 1972_______________________________
Portland, Maine, Nov. 1972______________________________
Portlan d, O reg.—
Wash., M ay 1972 1 --------------------------Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh, N .Y .,
June 1972 1 _______________________________________________
P rovidence— arw ick—
W
Pawtucket, R. I.—
Mas s .,
May 1972__________________________________________________
Raleigh, N .C ., Aug. 1972-----------------------------------------Richmond, V a., M ar. 1972 1 _____________________________
R iv e r side—
San Bernardincr-Ontario, C alif.,
Dec. 1971_________________________________________________
R ochester, N .Y . (o ffic e occupations only), July 1972____
Rockford, 111., June 1972 1 ---------------------------------------St. Louis, Mo.—
111., M ar. 1972___________________________
Salt Lake City, Utah, Nov. 1972 1 -----------------------------San Antonio, T e x ., May 1972_____________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1971 1____________________________
San F ra n cisco—
Oakland, C a lif., Oct.1971 1 ______________
San Jose, C a lif., M ar. 1972______________________________
Savannah, Ga., M ay 1972 1 ---------------------------------------Scranton, P a ., July 1972__________________________________
Seattle— verett, Wash., Jan. 1972_______________________
E
Sioux F a lls , S. Dak., Dec. 1971__________________________
South Bend, Ind., May 1972 1 ---------- .-------------------------Spokane, Wash., June 1972 1-------------------------------------Syracuse, N .Y ., July 1972________________________________
Tampa—
St. P etersb u rg, F la ., Aug. 1972________________
Toledo, Ohio— ich., A pr. 1972 1 ____________________ ____
M
Trenton, N .J., Sept. 1972 1---------------------------------------Utica—
Rom e, N .Y ., July 1972------------------------------------Washington, D.C.—
Md.—
Va., M ar. 1972 1 ------------ — ----W aterbury, Conn., M ar. 1972 1 __________________________
W aterloo, Iowa, Nov. 1972---------------------------------------W ichita, K an s., Apr. 1972 1______________________________
W o rcester, M ass., May 1972 1___________________________
York, P a ., Feb. 1972 1 ___________________________________
Youngstowrr-Warren, Ohio, Nov. 1972------------------------

Bulletin number
and p rice
1725-83,
1725-45,
1725-85,
1725-52,
1725-41,
1725-35,
1725-90,

45cents
50cents
35cents
50cents
35cents
30cents
50cents

1725-42,
30cents
1775-6,
45cents
1775-16, (40 cents
1725-88,
40cents
1725-62,
50cents
1725-94, j 55 cents
1725-46,
40cents
1775-21,
40cents
1725-89,
35cents
1725-80,

35 cents

1725-70,
1775-7,
1725-72,

30cents
45cents
35cents

1725-43,
1775-4,
1725-84,
1725-61,
1775-33,
1725-67,
1725-32,
1725-33,
1725-65,
1725-73,
1775-10,
1725-47,
1725-30,
1725-60,
1725-91,
1775-11,
1775-9,
1725-78,
1775-12,
1775-3,
1725-93,
1725-53,
1775-26,
1725-82,
1725-71,
1725-54,
1775-19,

30cents
45cents
35cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
50cents
30cents
35cents
45cents
30cents
25cents
35 cents
35cents
45cents
45cents
35cents
55cents
45cents
70 cents
35cents
40cents
35cents
35cents
35cents
40cents

FIRST

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR

CLASS

MAIL

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S
W A S H IN G T O N , D C. 20212
O F F IC IA L B U S I N E S S
P E N A L T Y F O R P R IV A T E U S E $300

P O S T A G E A N D F E E S P A ID

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
LAB-441

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T I S T IC S R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S
R e g io n I
1603 J F K Federal B u ild in g
G overnm ent Center
Boston , M a ss. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (A rea C o d e 617)
C o n n e cticu t
M a in e
M a ssa c h u s e tts
New H am pshire
R ho d e Isla n d
Verm ont

R e g io n II
1515 Bro ad w ay
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (A rea C o d e 212)
New Jersey
New York
Puerto R ic o
V irgin Isla n d s

R e g io n V
8th Floor, 300 South W a ck e r Drive
C h ic a g o . III. 60606
Phone: 353-1880 (A rea C o d e 312)
Illin o is
In d ia n a
M ic h ig a n
M in n e sota
O h io
W isc o n sin

R e g io n VI
1100 C o m m erce St. Rm. 6B 7
D alla s, Tex. 75202
Phone: 749-3516 (Area C o d e 214)
A rk a n sa s
L o u isia n a
New M e x ico
O k la h o m a
T e xa s




R e g io n I II
406 Penn Sq u a re B u ild in g
1317 Filbert St.
Philade lphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area C o d e 215)
Delaw are
District of C o lu m b ia
M aryland
Pen n sylvan ia
Virgin ia

R e g io n IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. N.E.
Atlanta, G a. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area C o d e
A la b a m a
Florida
G e o rg ia
K entucky
M is s is s ip p i
North C a ro lin a
Sou th C a ro lin a
T e n n e sse e

R e g io n s V II and V III
Federal Office B u ild in g
911 W alnut St.
K a n s a s City, M o. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area C o d e 816)
V II
V III
Iow a
C o lo ra d o
K an sas
M on tan a
M isso u ri
North D akota
N e b raska
Sou th D akota
Utah
W yom ing

R e g io n s IX and X
450 G o ld e n G ate Ave.
Box 36017
S a n Fra n cisco , Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area C o d e
IX
X
A rizon a
A la sk a
C a lifo rn ia
Id a h o
H aw aii
O re go n
N e vad a
W a sh in gto n

W est V irgin ia