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L X • a.

n*7

ANALYSIS OF WORK
STOPPAGES, 1970

Dayton & Montgomery
Public Library

Co.

AVH 111972
-i

Bulletin 1727
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics




document collection




ANALYSIS OF WORK
STOPPAGES, 1970
Bulletin 1727
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

1972




For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D .C . 20402 - Price 65 cents




P re fa c e

This bulletin, continuing an annual feature of the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the
field of industrial relations since 1941, presents a detailed statistical analysis of work
stoppages in 1970. The data provided in earlier bulletins have been expanded by the
addition of two appendixes: Work stoppages by level of government and major issue,
1970, table A-14; and by level of government and occupation, 1970, table A-15.
Preliminary monthly estimates of the level of strike (or lockout) activity for the
United States as a whole are issued about 30 days after the end of the month of refer­
ence, and are available upon request. Preliminary estimates for the entire year are avail­
able at the year’s end; selected final tabulations are issued in the early summer of the fol­
lowing year. The methods used to prepare work stoppage statistics are described in
appendix C.
The Bureau wishes to acknowledge the cooperation of employers and employer as­
sociations, labor unions, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service, and various
State agencies which furnished information for this program.
This bulletin was prepared in the Division of Industrial Relations by Jane H. Bachner
and Sheldon M. Kline, under the supervision of Michael H. Cimini. The analysis of the
individual work stoppages was prepared by William F. Aden, Alroy E. Derr, Douglas E.
Hedger, and Evelyn L. Traylor, under the supervision of James T. Hall, Jr.




in




C o n te n ts
Page
Summary...........................................................................................................................................................................
Annual trends in work stoppages...................................................................................................................................
Monthly tr e n d s ................................................................................................................................................................
Affiliation of u n io n s .......................................................................................................................................................
Size of stoppages..............................................................................................................................................................
Contract status ................................................................................................................................................................
Major issues.......................................................................................................................................................................
Industries affected...........................................................................................................................................................
Government work stoppages..........................................................................................................................................
Stoppages by lo catio n .....................................................................................................................................................
Region...........................................................................................................................................................................
States ...........................................................................................................................................................................
Metropolitan areas.......................................................................................................................................................
D u ra tio n ...........................................................................................................................................................................
Mediation .........................................................................................................................................................................
Settlem ent................................................................................................................................................
Procedures for handling unsettled issu e s......................................................................................................................

1
4
4
4
5
5
6
7
8
8
8
8
9
9
10
10
11

Tables:
1. Monthly distribution of new strikes involving 1,000 workers or more 1968-70 ............................................
2. Percent of stoppages and idleness by contract status, 1968-70 ........................................................................
3. Work stoppages by mean and median duration, man-days idle per workers, and number of prolonged
strikes, 1954-70 ...................................................................................................................................................
4. Unresolved issues in work stoppage, 1970 .........................................................................................................

10
11

Charts:
1. Number of work stoppages and workers involved, 1945-70 .............................................................................
2. Man-days idle in work stoppages, 1945-70 .........................................................................................................

3
4

Appendixes:
A. Tables:
Work stoppages:
A-l. In the United States, 1927-70 .............................................................................................................
A-2. By month, 1969-70 ...............................................................................................................................
A-3. By affiliation of unions involved, 1970 ..............................................................................................
A-4. Trend of, involving 10,000 workers or more, 1927-70 ......................................................................
A-5. Involving 10,000 workers or more, beginning in 1970 ......................................................................
A-6. By contract
status and major issue, 1970 .............................................................................
A -l. By contract
status and size, 1970 ..........................................................................................
A-8. By major issue, 1970 .............................................................................................................................
A-9. By major issue and number of workers involved, 1970 ....................................................................
A-10. By industry, 1970 .................................................................................................................................
A-11. By industry
group and major issue, 1970 ..............................................................................
A-12. By major industry group and contract status, 1970 .........................................................................

12
13
13
14
15
19
20
21
22
23
29
33




v

5
5

C o n te n ts — C o n tin u e d
Page
Appendixes— Continued
A. Tables— Continued
Work stoppages— Continued
A-13. By major industry group and duration,1970 ...................................................................................
A-14. Government, by major issue, 1970 ...................................................................................................
A-15. Government, by occupation, 1970 ...................................................................................................
A-16. By region and State 1970 ...................................................................................................................
A-17. By State and metropolitan area, 1970...............................................................................................
A-18. In States having 25 stoppages or more byindustry, 1970 ................................................................
A-19. By duration and major issue, 1970 ....................................................................................................
A-20. By duration and contract status, 1970 ........................................................................ : ...................
A-21. By number of workers involved and duration, 1970 ........................................................................
A-22. Mediation of, by contract status, 1970 ............................................................................................ ..
A-23. Settlement of, by contract status, 1970 ............................................................................................
A-24. Procedure for resolving unsettled issues in, by contract status, 1970 ............................................
B. Work stoppages by month, 1927-70 ....................................................................................................................
C. Scope, definition, and m e th o d s...........................................................................................................................
D. Trend cycles of work stoppages...........................................................................................................................




VI

35
37
38
39
40
42
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
59
62

A n a ly s is o f W o r k S to p p a g e s , 1 9 7 0
Summary

teachers involved in two strikes, one extending for 5
days and the other for 4.
No stoppages, beginning or threatened in 1970, were
considered sufficiently serious threats to national health
or safety to warrant the use of the national emergency
provisions of the Taft-Hartley Act. One railroad stop­
page conducted by the United Transportation Union
against the nation’s major carriers resulted in the ap­
pointment of an emergency board under the Railway
Labor Act. In numerous other instances, however,
the National Mediation Board and The Federal Media­
tion and Conciliation Service intervened to avert or
shorten work stoppages.
Fifty-one percent of all stoppages, 70 percent of all
workers involved in strikes during the year, and 91 per­
cent of total man-days idle occurred during the renego­
tiations of new agreements. Thirty-three percent of the
stoppages occurred during the term of the agreement
and involved 25 percent of all workers idled in labor
disputes. Strikes over economic issues accounted for
57 percent of the idleness during the year, and stop­
pages involving other contractual matters constituted
28 percent of total idleness.
For the fifth consecutive year, one-half of all stop­
pages involved 100 or more workers. In earlier years,
particularly the period 1954-65, smaller stoppages pre­
dominated. Although the number of stoppages in­
volving 1,000 workers or more decreased from the level
for 1969, many more workers were involved in these
larger disputes in 1970 than in 1969— 2.5 million
workers compared to 1.6 million. Most of the increase in
the number of workers in 1970 was attributable to the
higher incidence of major strikes. Larger stoppages ac­
counted for four-fifths of total idleness in 1970, com­
pared to seven-tenths in 1969.
Forty-three percent of all stoppages, involving 34 per­
cent of all workers idled during the year, occurred in
the manufacturing sector of the economy in 1970, com­
pared to 50 percent of the stoppages and 53 percent of

Strike idleness in 1970, increasing 55 percent from
the 1969 level, amounted to 66.4 million man-days, the
highest level since 1959. As a percent of estimated total
working time, idleness increased to 0.37 percent, com­
pared to 0.24 percent in 1969. Strikes1 beginning in
1970 totaled 5,716, the highest annual level ever re­
corded. Although a comparable number of strikes began
in 1969 (5,700), the number of workers involved in
stoppages in 1970 rose by 824,000, or 33 percent. Aver­
age duration for strikes ending in 1970 was 25.0 calen­
dar days, an increase of 2.5 days from the previous
year and the highest for any year since 1947. 2
Major work stoppages— those involving 10,000 work­
ers or more— reached the highest annual level in 18
years. The 34 major stoppages beginning in 1970, an in­
crease of nine from 1969, involved 1.7 million work­
ers and 35.4 million man-days of idleness, compared
to 0.7 million workers and 17.9 million man-days idle
a year earlier. In 1970, half of all workers involved in
strikes and slightly more than half of the man-days idle
resulted from these major stoppages. The fourth quar­
ter, when nine major stoppages were in effect, had the
highest idleness total for any quarter in the year.
October, experiencing six major stoppages, sustained the
highest monthly idleness.
Of the 34 major stoppages, 10 occurred in the con­
struction industry, the highest for any industry group
in 1970. Included in the 10 were a 197-day strike in
Kansas City which was the longest construction strike
in the year, and a 50,000-man stoppage in Southern
California which involved the largest number of work­
ers in a construction strike. In the transportation in­
dustry, 360,000 railroad employees participated in a
1-day nationwide rail stoppage, and 110,000 truck­
ers were involved in a 49-day interstate work stoppage.
Three hundred and fifty-five thousand General Motors
workers participated in a 134-day strike. 3 Five major
stoppages involved government employees: 152,000
U.S. Post Office workers in a nationwide strike ex­
tending 9 days; 20,000 teachers in the State of Ken­
tucky in an 8-day stoppage; 13,000 Los Angeles
teachers in a 30-day walkout; and 13,000 Philadelphia




1 The terms “work stoppage” and “strike” are used inter­
changeably in this bulletin and include lockouts.
2 Duration in 1965 was also 25.0 days.
3 This strike, still in progress at the end of the year, was
settled on January 26, 1971.

1

C hart 1

Number of Work Stoppages and Workers Involved, 1945-70

10,000

8,000
Stoppages

6,000

4,000

2,000
10

Workers Involved
(In Thousands)

1,000

800
600

Labor Relations Legislation
Taft-Hartley Act 1947
Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act 1969

400




Shades Areas Indicate NBER
Business Cycles;
P - Peak, T - Trough

1945

if!
tl

Chart 2.

Man-days Idle In Work Stoppages, 1945-70




I

Number of Man-Days
of Idleness
§§§
(In Millions)

11
1

Labor Relations Legislation

111

Taft-Hartley Act 1947
Labor-Managemen* Reporting and Disclosure A c t 1959

Idleness as a Percen
of Estimated
Working Time

Shaded Areas Indicate N S E R
Business Cycles;
P - Peak, T - Trougn

3

Monthly trends

the workers in 1969. Although the relative distribution
of man-days idle between the manufacturing and non­
manufacturing sectors remained at approximately the
same level, in absolute terms idleness increased sub­
stantially in both sectors— 58 percent and 51 percent,
respectively. Industries sustaining the most idleness in
the year were contract construction (15.2 million mandays) and transportation equipment (14.0 million mandays).

In contrast to the last 2 years when idleness peaked
in May, in 1970 the high point was reached in October,
when 11.6 million man-days were lost. (See table A-2.)
The late peak in 1970 (0.73 percent of estimated work­
ing time) was the result of six major strikes which were
in effect during October. These stoppages, involving ap­
proximately 495,000 workers, occurred in education
and in the construction, airlines, and automobile in­
dustries. For the most part, man-days lost and percent
of estimated working time lost were higher for each
month in 1970 than for the corresponding months of
1969. (See table A-2.) In 1970, the month which had
the lowest idleness (0.15 percent of estimated working
time) was February. The low point for 1969 occurred
in September and was also 0.15 percent.
Primary because many construction agreements are
negotiated in the spring, the number of strikes begin­
ning or in effect in any month will peak in May or June.
May 1970 was no exception, when 699 strikes were ini­
tiated. Disputes in effect during the month reached a
peak in June, which experienced 1,060 strikes. Although
there were slight aberrations, 1970’s distribution or new
stoppages involving at least 1,000 workers substantially
followed the same pattern of 1968 and 1969. (See table
1.) In April, the number of these larger strikes reached a
peak and declined in the months thereafter, except for a
slight rise in September and October. For every month
of 1970, except those of the second quarter, the number
of these larger stoppages beginning in any month was al­
ways below that of the corresponding month of 1969;
the months in the first and fourth quarters were below
1968’s levels as well.

Annual trends in work stoppages

In 1970, the United States economy experienced
rising prices and a slow or negative rate of growth. As
measured by constant (1958) dollar GNP, the economy
declined at a 0.4 percent annual rate. At the same time,
consumer prices rose at an annual rate of 5.9 percent,
although the rate of change decreased, quarter by
quarter. Unemployment rose sharply during 1970, from
a low of 3.9 percent in January to 6.0 percent in
December.
Union demands in contract renegotiations and settle­
ments reflected the inflationary situation in the econ­
omy. In the first 9 months of 1970, nonmanufacturing
employees’ wages increased an average of 11.6 percent
over the life of the contracts; manufacturing workers’,
6.4 percent. Average annual increases negotiated in
major settlements (those contracts involving 5,000 or
more workers in the bargaining unit) were 10.0 percent,
compared to 8.1 percent in 1969.
For the seventh straight year, the number of work
stoppages in the United States rose. Even though
1970’s total of 5,716 strikes was the highest ev^r
recorded by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the rate of
increase was not significant. Only 16 more strikes were
recorded in 1970 than in 1969, while the average
annual increase in stoppages from 1963-69 was 390.
However, incomplete 1971 data indicate that the num­
ber of work stoppages has peaked. (See table A-l and
charts I and II).
All other basic measures of strike activity were on
the rise in 1970. The number of workers involved in
1970 disputes, the highest since 1952, was 33.2 percent
higher than the number in 1969. The percentage of the
total work force idled during 1970 (4.7) matched
1953’s level, but was not as high as 1952’s level of 7.3
percent. Man-days lost during 1970 totaled 66.4 million,
or 0.37 percent of estimated working time. Both these
figures are the highest levels recorded since 1959, when
man-days idle accounted for 0.50 percent of estimated
working time. Man-days idle per worker involved in
strikes was 20.1 in 1970, again the highest level
since 1959, the year of the 116-day basic steel strike.




Affiliation of unions

Strikes in which AFL-CIO unions participated in
1970 declined 2 percent from the 1969 level of 66 per­
cent, while man-days idle attributable to such stoppages
accounted for only 48 percent of the total, a drastic
drop from 69 percent in 1969. (See table A-3.) Major
stoppages initiated by the United Auto Workers and the
International Brotherhood of Teamsters, two unaffili­
ated unions, were responsible for 78 percent of all
idleness due to strikes by unaffiliated unions and 31
percent of total idleness for 1970.
In 1970, the AFL-CIO represented approximately 71
percent of total union and professional and public em­
ployees association membership. 4 The Federation rep­
resents 77 percent of all union membership in the
United States, a drop from 1966’s level of 85 percent,
before the disaffiliation of the United Auto Workers.
4

In previous years, only union membership was included
in this figure.

4

Table 1. Monthly distribution of new strikes involving
1,000 workers or more 1968-70
Month

19 70

J a n u a ry .............................................

12

February.............................................

15

March

1969

1968

29
28

Major stoppages in nonmanufacturing included three
railroad disputes, two bituminous coal strikes, two
trucking disputes, 10 construction stoppages and three
strikes involving telephone personnel. The remainder of
the nonmanufacturing major stoppages took place in the
airline, taxi, longshore, and hotel industries. In the
government sector, school teachers conducted four
major work stoppages. In addition, a nationwide postal
strike idled 152,100 workers and tied up mail delivery in
several parts of the country, for 9 days. (See table A-5.)
The strike involving the greatest number of man-days
was the General Motors dispute, which started in
September and continued into 1971. This dispute ac­
counted for 17.8 million man-days lost in 1970, 26.9
percent of the total idleness for the year.

29
31

................................................

29

32

33

First q u a rte r..............................

56

89

93

A p r i l ..................................................

59
57

44

52

M a y .....................................................

53

50

J u n e .....................................................

50

45

35

Second q u a r te r .........................

166

142

137

J u l y .....................................................

41

42

40

A u g u s t................................................

28

34

32

S e p te m b e r........................................

32

35

27

Third q u a r t e r ............................

101

111

99

O c to b e r .............................................

33

38

34

N o v e m b e r ........................................

18
7 .

21

21

11

8

December ........................................
Fourth q u a r te r .........................

58

70

381

412

For the second time since contract status was first
tabulated in 1960, more than half of all strikes have
occurred during the renegotiation or reopening of an
agreement. (See table 2.) Nevertheless, the status of

63

T o t a l ......................................

Contract status

392

Table 2. Percent of stoppages and idleness by contract
status, 1968-70

The number of stoppages initiated by professional
and public employee associations declined to 123 in
1970, from 141 in 1969. Estimated working time lost
attributable to these strikes also decreased, from 0.7
percent of the total to 0.5 percent, even though the
actual number of man-days lost increased by 42,100.

Stoppages

Contract status

1970

All stoppages.......................

r

19 68

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

10 0.0

12.7

14 .2

13.4

5 1 .0

4 8 .6

5 2 .9

Negotiation o f first agreement
or union recognition....................

Size of stoppages

Renegotiation of agreement
(expiration or reop ening)..........

Some 3.3 million workers were idled in 1970 stop­
pages, the highest level since 1952. (See table A?l.)JMandays of idleness recorded in 1970 (66.4 million) in­
creased 54.9 percent over the 1969 level.
In 1970, the relative distribution of work stoppages
by number of workers involved generally followed a
familiar pattern. (See table A-7.) Approximately half
of the disputes involved fewer than 100 workers. Of
the other size groupings, the individual grouping gen­
erally constituted a smaller and smaller percentage of
stoppages as the magnitude of the grouping increased.
Only 6.7 percent of 1970’s strikes idled at least 1,000
workers. These 381 disputes (a decline of 31 from 1969)
accounted for 74.7 percent of all workers idle and 79.4
percent of all man-days lost.
There were 34 stoppages each involving 10,000 work­
ers or more, an increase of nine over 1969. (See table
A-4.) These stoppages accounted for 50 percent of all
workers involved and 53 percent of man-days idle in
1970, the highest levels since 1949 and 1959, respec­
tively. Of the 34 stoppages, five were in manufacturing.




19 69

During term of agreement
(negotiation of new
..........

3 3 .4

3 4 .5

3 1 .4

Other ..................................................
Insufficient inform ation to

2 .0

2.2

1.8

classify.............................................

.9

.5

.5

AH stoppages.......................

1 0 0 .0

10 0 .0

10 0.0

3.7

4 .8

3.1

9 0 .5

8 5 .4

8 6 .0

..........

5 .5

9 .5

9 .9

Other ..................................................

.2

.2

.9

.1

.1

i 1)

agreement not involved)

Man-days

Negotiation of first agreement
or union recognition....................
Renegotiation of agreement
(expiration or reop ening). . . . .
During term of agreement
(negotiation of new
agreement not involved)
Insufficient inform ation to
classify.............................................

Less than 0.05.
NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may
not equal totals.

5

agreements in 1970 work stoppages followed the gen­
eral pattern of recent years: 51 percent occurred during
renegotiations, 33 percent during the terms of an agree­
ment, and 13 percent while the union was either seeking
recognition or bargaining over a first contract.
In 197 0, the pace of collective bargaining was intense
in relation to 1969, a year of relatively light bargaining.
Key contracts, involving 1,000 workers or more, affected
5 million workers, approximately 4.9 million by expira­
tions and the remainder by wage reopenings.
Compared to 1969’s level of 59 percent, workers
idled due to strikes over renegotiations accounted for
70 percent of all workers involved in stoppages. Mandays idle due to these conflicts also rose in 1970. from
85 to 91 percent of the total. The absolute number of
man-days lost in this category rose sharply, from 36.6
to 60.1 million. Twenty-five disputes involving 10,000
workers or more each were responsible for 51 percent of
this figure. (See table A-7.) Ninety-one percent of the
strikes in this category concerned economic issues, in­
cluding 22 of the 25 major strikes occurring during re­
negotiation. (See table A-6.) Although constituting only
4 percent of the renegotiation disputes, other contractural matters accounted for 31 percent of the mandays lost, due primarily to the General Motors dispute,
which was precipitated by local plant issues supple­
mentary to the national contract and which idled ap­
proximately 355,000 workers in the fall and winter
months of 1970.
Strikes during the term of the agreement accounted
for only 6 percent of the man-days lost in 1970. Of
these stoppages, 89 percent lasted less than 2 weeks,
and 70 percent involved fewer than 250 workers. (See
table A-20, A-7.) Stoppages in mining and contract
construction were responsible for 55 percent of all
disputes occurring during the term of the contract,
24 percent of workers idle, and 26 percent of mandays lost. (See table A-12.) In 1969, mining and con­
struction strikes constituted 32 percent of all idleness
incurred during the term of the contract. This category
of dispute constituted 93 percent of all mining strikes
and 48 percent of all those in construction.
Approximately 80 percent of all disputes involving
union security (the same percentage as 1969) took
place during an attempt by the union to gain recogni­
tion or negotiate a first agreement. Industries having the
highest number of strikes in this category were whole­
sale and retail trade, government, and other services,
all of which are not highly organized. Although two
conflicts, one in California and one in Kentucky, com­
bined idled 33,000 workers, most of these first con­
tract disputes were small, 90 percent involving fewer
than 250 workers. Over half of these strikes lasted more




than 2 weeks; and 12 percent extended 90 days or
longer.
Major issues

In past years, most strikes centered around economic
issues; 1970 was no exception. General wage changes
accounted for 50 percent of all stoppages in 1970, as
was true in 1969. (See table A-8.) Approximately 15
percent of the disputes in 1969 and 1970 centered
around plant administration issues, which was the
second largest classification. However, the proportion of
man-days lost in each classification differed from past
years, in some case significantly, as follows:
Percent of man-da vs lost
Major issues

1967

19 68

19 69

1970

All iss u es.......................

10 0.0

10 0 .0

1 0 0 .0

10 0.0

Economic ! .............

7 4 .5

75.1

6 7 .7

56 .8

.8

1.6

.6

2 7 .6

Other contractual
m a tte rs ..................
Union security
and organi­
zation ....................

15 .3

8 .5

17 .4

9 .2

Job security.............

2.7

3.2

5 .3

.6

3 .9

9 .2

6 .6

2.6

.7

.9

1.0

.6

2.1

1.4

1.2

2.4

Plant adminis­
tration ....................
Other working
cond ition s.............
Interunion or
intraunion
m a tte rs ..................

Includes wage changes, supplementary benefits, wage ad­
ju s t m e n t s , a n d h o u r s o f w o r k .

KlOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may
not equal totals.

Economic issues were involved in more than half the
strikes in 1970, and were responsible for about 57 per­
cent of the man-days lost. (See table A-8.) Of the 34
major stoppages beginning in 1970, 25 precipitated by
the inability of the parties to agree on wages and re­
lated matters. Fifty-eight percent of all economic strikes
lasted at least 2 weeks. (See table A-19.) Stoppages in­
volving fewer than 250 employees constituted 73 per­
cent of all disputes in this category, but were respon­
sible for only 8 percent of the workers involved and 10
percent of man-days lost. (See table A-9.) Eighty-five
percent of all strikes over economic issues took place
during renegotiation of a contract.
The number of strikes in the classification “other
contractual matter,” which covers contract duration
and local issues, usually has been small. In 1969, there
were only 88, less than 2 percent of the total number.

6

In 1970, the average duration of work stoppages in
the manufacturing and in the government sectors in­
creased by 18.1 calendar days and 2.2 calendar days,
respectively. Work stoppages in nonmanufacturing in
1970 extended 7.0 fewer calendar days on the average
than in 1969.

In 1970, the number of stoppages rose one-fifth. How­
ever, the percent of man-days idle attributable to this
issue increased significantly due to the General Motors
dispute. Concerned with local issues, this strike involved
355,000 workers, extended from September 15, 1970,
until late January 1971, and constituted 27 percent of
all man-days lost in 1970. The other stoppages in this
category were relatively small and short.
Of the 587 strikes concerned with union organiza­
tion and security, 204 dealt solely with recognition,
and 170 more included recognition and some other
issue. (See table A-8.) Seventy-eight percent of all dis­
putes in this category took place during the negotia­
tion of a first agreement. Although three major stop­
pages (one each in construction, longshoring, and edu­
cation) centered around some form of union security
90 percent of the strikes concerning union security in­
volved fewer than 250 people. Fifty-eight percent of
the disputes lasted longer than 2 weeks and 13 per­
cent were in effect for at least 90 days. Only general
wage changes accounted for more stoppages (211)
lasting 90 days or longer. (See table A-19.)
Discipline or discharge cause the greatest number of
stoppages in the plant administration category. Five per­
cent of total strikes and 1 percent of man-days lost were
attributable to such conflicts. Although 65 percent of
the strikes over plant administration involved fewer than
250 employees, four (involving bituminous coal com­
panies, the Baltimore & Ohio, Southern Pacific and Louis­
ville & Nashville Railroads, the New York Telephone
Company, and New Jersey Bell Telephone) idled at
least 10,000 workers each. Seventy-six percent of plant
administration disputes extended less than a week.

As a result of 10 major stoppages, contract con­
struction experienced the most idleness of any industry
this year (15.2 million man-days) and the greatest level
of idleness ever recorded for the industry. (See table
A -ll.) The transportation equipment industry, which
experienced 14.0 million man-days of idleness or the
next greatest level, had the highest percentage of esti­
mated work time lost of any industry in 1970. The 12.3
million man-days lost by General Motors heavily in­
fluenced the idleness total for this industry. Due pri­
marily to 11 major stoppages, including the nationwide
railroad strike in December, the transportation, com­
munication, and utility industry grouping reported a
79 percent increase in idleness over the 1969 level. The
high average duration of strikes within the trucking in­
dustry (48.2 days) also helps to explain the large in­
crease in the idleness level for this category.
Two major strikes in the rubber and miscellaneous
plastic products industry resulted in the industry’s
highest level of idleness since 1967 and the second
highest since 1937. The electrical, machinery, equip­
ment, and supplies industry incurred the highest abso­
lute idleness for that industry since 1946 as a result of
the General Electric strike, The General Motor’s dis­
pute, and several small-but-lenghty work stoppages.
About one-third of the idleness was attributable to the
G.E. stoppage.

Industries affected

Five major strikes that began in 1970, including the
nationwide U.S. Post Office stoppage and four teacher
strikes, resulted in a substantial increase in idleness in
the government sector for that year. Because of large
and extended teachers’ strikes, estimated working time
lost in the government sector increased from 0.02 per­
cent in 1969 to 0.06 percent in 1970. Teachers’ strikes
accounted for approximately 50 percent of total idle­
ness in the government sector.

Time lost due to strike idleness in the manufacturing
sector amounted to 38.0 million man-days in 1970, an
increase of 58 percent over 1969. (See table A-10.) Re­
versing last year’s decline, idleness in nonmanufacturing
increased by 9.6 million man-days, or 51 percent, and
reached the highest absolute level of idleness for this
sector since 1946. A substantial increase in strike idle­
ness from 1969 was also experienced in the government
sector in 1970— to 2.0 million man-days. Compared to
1969, the number of stoppages beginning in the year
decreased 12 percent in manufacturing, increased 12
percent in nonmanufacturing, and remained approxi­
mately the same in the government sector. The number
of workers involved in stoppages increased by 85 per­
cent in the nonmanufacturing sector and by 108 per­
cent in the government sector. In manufacturing, how­
ever, the number of workers involved in labor disputes
declined by 14 percent.




Several other industries sustained idleness levels
above “the all industries” average of 0.37 percent of
estimated working time: Fabricated metal products,
except ordnance, machinery and transportation equip­
ment (0.97); machinery, except electrical (0.72); pri­
mary metals (0.69); mining (0.54); stone, clay, and
glass products (0.51); chemicals and allied products
(0.50); and paper and allied products (0.42). (See
table A-10.)

7

Government work stoppages 5

excluding the postal strike, the issue that idled the most
workers and was responsible for more man-days lost
than any other was wages and working conditions. De­
mands for higher wages and improved working condi­
tions accounted for 17 percent of all the workers idled
and were responsible for 19 percent of all man-days lost
by government strikes.
Forty-two percent of all government strikes in 1970
took place during the renegotiation or reopening of a
contract. Although only a slight increase from 1969,
the 1970 level was substantially higher than 1968’s level
of 31 percent. The proportion of disputes occurring
during the term of the agreement increased from 12
percent in 1969 to 17 percent in 1970. The relative dis­
tribution of disputes involving the negotiations of a
first contract and those not involving a contract declined
by 10 and 6 percentage points, respectively, since 1968.
(See table A-12.)
A large proportion of government strikes were very
short in 1970; 22 percent lasted only 1 day. On the
other hand, the highest percentage of workers involved
(57 percent) and man-days idle (42 percent) were at­
tributed to stoppages lasting from 7 to 14 days. (See
table A-13.)

A significant deceleration in the frequency of govern­
ment stoppages occurred in 1970: Only one more stop­
page took place in 1970 than in 1969, contrasted to 150
more strikes in 1969 than in 1968. However, workers in­
volved and man-days lost rose sharply; they increased by
173,500 and 1,277,600, respectively. (See table A-10.)
Much of this rise was due to the postal worker strike,
which idled 152,100 workers for 9 days.
The distribution of public strikes among the different
levels of government varied little from earlier pattern:
Most (386) were conducted on the local level.6 Three
Federal Government stoppages took place in the year.
Aside from the postal workers, compositors at the
Government Printing Office and air traffic controllers
in several States also were involved in labor conflicts.
The remaining 23 disputes involved State government
employees.
The percent of government employees involved in
strikes in 1970 (2.7) was still below the national average
of 4.7 percent. Nearly 2.4 percent of all workers em­
ployed on the local level and 0.3 percent employed by
State governments engaged in stoppages during the year.
More government strikes took place in Michigan (60)
than in any other State, followed by Ohio, which had
54 stoppages.
Thirty-seven percent of government strikes were ini­
tiated by teachers, most of whom were employed by
local school boards. Sanitation workers, who were
responsible for the second highest number of stoppages
conducted by an occupational group, accounted for
13 percent of all government strikes. Teachers’ disputes
accounted for more man-days lost during the year than
any other group, and, if the postal strike is excluded,
idle the highest number of government workers. (See
table A-15.) Strikes in public schools and libraries ac­
counted for more stoppages (187) than any other
government service.
Nearly 55 percent of the government disputes con­
cerned general wage changes, and some form of eco­
nomic issue was the focus of 60 percent of all govern­
ment strikes. The next most frequent issues were plant
administration and union organization and security
which accounted for 17 and 14 percent, respectively, of
all government stoppages. (See table A-14.)
General wage changes were responsible for 42 per­
cent of the man-days lost due to government strikes;
33 percent of total idleness was attributable to dis­
putes over wage adjustments, including the postal work­
ers’ stoppage. Union organization and security conflicts
accounted for 20 percent of the total idleness figure.
Demands for general wage increases precipitated the
highest number of strike s, 25 percent of the total. Again



Stoppages by location

Region. The East North Central region ranked first in
idleness in 1970; 0.90 percent of estimated working
time was lost, an increase of almost 300 percent over
1969. (See table A-16.) The General Motors stoppage, a
major component of the total, contributed 47 percent
of the idleness in the region. Affected by a 197-day con­
struction strike in Kansas City, Mo., which accounted
for 37 percent of the region’s idleness, the West North
Central region experienced 0.69 percent of estimated
working time lost, or the second highest level of idle­
ness. Third was the East South Central region which in­
curred 0.57 percent; a construction strike in Birming­
ham, Ala., accounted for 29 percent of this idleness.
Idleness in 1970 declined below that of the previous
year in the New England and in the West South Central
regions.
States. Nine major stoppages contributed to the 11.1
million man-days of idleness, or 1.75 percent of esti­
mated working time, that occurred in Michigan in 1970,
the highest level for any State. (See tables A-5, A-16,
and A-18.) The General Motors strike alone accounted
for 81 percent of the idleness in the State; the 9.0
million man-days of idleness attributed to this strike in
5 See BLS Report No. 348, Work Stoppages in Govern­
ment, 1958-68 and Summary Report, 1960, 1969-70.
6 Includes county, city, school district, and other local
government units.

8

and Los Angeles) each sustained 100 strikes or more.
(See table A-17.)

Michigan was larger than the idleness total for any other
State in 1970. Ohio, which experienced 7.5 million mandays idle (0.86 percent of estimated working time lost),
had the second highest level of time lost. The General
Motors strike accounted for approximately 35 percent
of the Ohio idleness; two large stoppages within the
rubber industry, the nationwide trucking strike, and an
intrastate construction strike, also affected the idleness
total in Ohio. New York, experiencing the effects of the
General Motors strike, the nationwide postal strike, and
a taxicab strike in New York City, had the third highest
idleness. Illinois and Missouri, which experienced 4.9
and 4.6 million man-days idle, respectively, had the
fourth and fifth highest levels of idleness. Twelve other
States had more than 1 million man-days of idleness
each.
In addition to the States having high idleness totals,
several had substantially higher percents of estimated
total private, nonagricultural working time lost than the
national average of 0.44 percent. West Virginia (1.00
percent) experienced the effects of a 214-day construc­
tion strike and two large interstate bituminous coal
strikes. A 4-month construction strike involving 15,000
workers in the Birmingham, Ala., area (the work stop­
page was still in effect at the end of the year) raised the
idleness ratio in that State to 0.94 percent. Indiana
(0.82 percent) was affected by the General Motors
strike; a 113-day construction strike influenced the
rate of idleness in Nevada (0.64 percent).
M e tr o p o lita n areas. Because of the General Motors
strike and a 13-day construction dispute, Detroit sus­
tained the highest level of strike idleness of any metro­
politan area in 1970 (4.9 million man-days or 1.30 per­
cent of total nonagricultural working time). An area­
wide stoppage against five trucking associations moved
the Chicago metropolitan area to the second highest
level of idleness (3.5 million man-days idle or 0.46 per­
cent of total nonagricultural working time). Kansas
City, Kans.—
Mo., which was third in the absolute level
of idleness, experienced a 197-day construction strike
and sustained 3.4 million man-days of idleness or 2.60
percent of total nonagricultural working time. Several
other metropolitan areas sustained more than 1 million
man-days of idleness each: Flint, New York SMSA,
Cleveland, Philadelphia, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Bir­
mingham, Buffalo, St. Louis, Atlanta, Cincinnati, and
Minneapolis— Paul.
St.
For the 12th consecutive year, the New York SMSA
had the highest incidence of work stoppages (352). Ex­
periencing 188 strikes, Philadelphia ranked second.
Chicago (170), Pittsburgh (159), San Francisco—
Oakland
(129), and Detroit (127) followed, respectively. Four
other metropolitan areas (Buffalo, Cleveland, St. Louis




Duration

All measures of strike duration indicated that stop­
pages were longer in 1970 than in recent years. The
mean duration for stoppages ending in the year was
25.0 calendar days, an increase of 2.5 days from 1969
and 1.5 days from the average for the decade. When the
duration was weighted by the workers involved, the
mean duration increased to 28.8 days, which may indi­
cate that the larger stoppages were longer than those in­
volving smaller numbers of workers. The median dura­
tion (11 days) was the highest since this measure was
first calculated in 1950. Man-days idle per worker in­
volved (20.1) reached its highest level since 1959. (See
table 3.)
As the low median implies, historically a large pro­
portion of stoppages were of short duration. In 1970,
38 percent of the stoppages ended in less than 1 week
and 56 percent in 2 weeks or less. (See table A-20.) In
1969, 60 percent of the stoppages had been settled
within 2 weeks. Stoppages ending within 2 weeks ac­
counted for 58 percent of the workers involved in all
stoppages and 10 percent of the man-days idle in 1970,
compared to 54 percent of the workers and 12 percent
of the man-days in 1969. (See table A-13.) Thirteen per­
cent of all stoppages lasted for only 1 day in 1970 and
involved 22 percent of all workers. (See table A-21.) In
1969, 13 percent of the stoppages had ended within 1
day, but involved only 10 percent of all workers.
The number of longer stoppages, those extending be­
yond 30 days, increased by 12 percent between 1969
and 1970. Most of the increase occurred in the 60- to
89-day grouping which rose from 272 strikes in 1969 to
359 in this year. Although the absolute number of
workers involved in longer strikes increased by 30 per­
cent in 1970, the proportion of workers affected by
strikes continuing 30 days or more remained essen­
tially unchanged— 29.7 percent in 1970 compared to
29.4 percent in 1969. Man-days of idleness attributable
to longer strikes in 1970 increased by 13.6 million, of
which 11.6 million were accounted for by prolonged
work stoppages— those extending 90 days or longer.
Prolonged strikes (334) increased for the fourth con­
secutive year and were the highest ever recorded. The
number of workers involved in prolonged strikes rose
by 71 percent from 1969; the man-days idle increased
104 percent. Although only 10 percent of all workers
were involved in prolonged strikes, they accounted for
44 percent of all man-days lost in 1970 compared to 30
percent in 1969. About 66 percent of the prolonged
9

Table 3. Work stoppages by mean and median duration,
man-days idle per workers, and number of prolonged
strikes, 1954-70

8.4 percent of all stoppages extending for 30 days or
more, the highest for any industry group this year.
Strikes within the electrical machinery, equipment
and supplies industry extended 78.7 days on the aver­
age, the highest average duration of any industry in the
manufacturing sector this year. A 122-day General Elec­
tric stoppage, which began on October 27, 1969, and in­
volved 163,800 workers, and a 101-day RCA stoppage,
which involved 13,200 workers, greatly influenced the
duration statistic. Strikes in the lumber and wood prod­
ucts, except furniture industry extended an average of
59.0 days, the second highest average duration in manu­
facturing; work stoppages in the transportation equip­
ment industry, extending an average of 48.1 days, had
the third highest duration. (See table A-10.)

All stoppages ending during year
Mean

Year

duration

Median
duration

1954

.............................................

2 2 .5

6

19 55

.............................................

18.5

8

19 56

.............................................

18.9

8

1957

.............................................

19.2

8

1958

.............................................

19.7

8

1959

.............................................

2 4 .6

10

19 60

.............................................

23 .4

10

1961

.............................................

23.7

9

1962

.............................................

2 4 .6

9

19 63

.............................................

2 3 .0

8

1964

.............................................

2 2 .9

8

1965

.............................................

2 5 .0

9

1966

.............................................

22 .2

9

1967

.............................................

2 2 .8

9

1 9 68

.............................................

2 4 .5

10

19 69

.............................................

2 2 .5

10

1970

.............................................

2 5 .0

Mediation

11

Man-days
idle per
worker

Mediatory assistance was employed in 46 percent of
the stoppages ending in 1970. (See table A-22.) Federal
mediators 7 were most widely used and participated in
79 percent of the disputes employing mediation, or 37
percent of all stoppages. 8 These disputes accounted for
83 percent of the idleness incurred during the year. The
use of Federal mediation in settling disputes declined
slightly this year. In 1969, 83 percent of the disputes
employing mediation, or 40 percent of all strikes, in­
volved Federal mediation.
Eighty-three percent of the stoppages using mediators
occurred during renegotiation of labor agreements.
Federal mediators attempted to assist the parties in 62
percent of the strikes. Mediation was used in 45 percent
of the stoppages occurring during attempts to establish
collective bargaining, but in only 6 percent of the stop­
pages arising during the term of the agreement.

Number
of
prolonged
stri kes1

1954

.............................................

14.7

1955

.............................................

10.7

172
137

19 56

.............................................
.............................................

17.4

132

1957

11.4

124

19 58

.............................................

133
221

1959

.............................................

11.6
36.7

19 60

.............................................

14.5

201

1961
1962

.............................................
.............................................

11.2

191
22 4

19 63

.............................................

15 .0
17.1

1964

.............................................

14 .0

19 6 5

.............................................

15.1

19 66

.............................................
.............................................

12.9
14.7

210

19 68

.............................................

18.5

261

1969

.............................................

17.3

274

19 70

.............................................

20.1

334

1967

203
189
221

Settlement

232

In 84 percent of the stoppages ending in 1970, settle­
ments were either reached or precedures were estab­
lished to resolve issues remaining in dispute. (See table
A-23.) Thirteen percent of the stoppages were termi­
nated without a formal settlement being reached; em­
ployers resumed operations either with new employees
or with returning strikers. In slightly less than 2 percent
of the stoppages, a court injunction was necessary be­
fore work resumed. Of the 732 stoppages without a

Extending 90 days or longer.

disputes were over economic issues, although demands
for union organization and security accounted for 23
percent of the total. (See table A-19.) Twenty-five per­
cent of the prolonged stoppages occurred during at­
tempts to negotiate an initial contract. (See table A-20.)
Most long strikes occurred in manufacturing: 58.4 per­
cent of all stoppages exceeding 30 days and 69.4 percent
of all stoppages extending 90 days or more. (See table
A-13.) Machinery, except electrical industry experienced



7 Two agencies, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation
Service and the National Mediation Board, conduct most of the
mediation on the Federal level. Occasionally, officials of the
Department of Labor or other persons designated by the Presi­
dent are directly involved. Several States also have mediation
agencies.
8 Includes combined mediation of Federal and State
agencies.

10

decided on other means for resolving their unsettled
disputes in 24 percent of the cases.
Most instances of unresolved disputes occurred in
stoppages during the term of the agreement (85 per­
cent). (See table A-24.) These stoppages accounted for
74 percent of all cases submitted to arbitration and 89
percent of all those referred to a governmental agency.
Fifty-three percent of the unresolved issues that oc­
curred during the negotiation of an initial agreement
were referred to a government agency, while arbitra­
tion and direct negotiations were employed in 76 per­
cent of the unresolved issues in strikes arising during the
renegotiation of an agreement.
Interunion or intraunion matters accounted for
66 percent of strike cases in which issues remained
unsettled, as table 4 indicates. Wages and hours ac­
counted for 43 percent of the workers and 27 percent
of the man-days in stoppages in which issues remained
unsettled before work was resumed.

formal settlement, 446 were associated with stoppages
occurring during the term of an agreement.
Settlements were reached in 73 percent of those
stoppages occurring during attempts to establish a col­
lective bargaining relationship. On the other hand, settle­
ments were concluded in 95 percent of the stoppages
occurring during the renegotiation of a contract and in
73 percent of the work stoppages occurring during the
terms of a contract.

Procedures for handling unsettled issues

In 627 instances in 1970, the disputing parties agreed
to resume work before all issues had been resolved. In
nearly 48 percent of the cases, the unresolved issues
were submitted to government agencies; 15 percent
were settled by direct negotiation; apd 14 percent sub­
mitted to final and binding arbitration. The parties

Table 4. Unresolved issues in work stoppage, 1970
(Workers and man-days idle in thousands)
Percent

Stoppages

Manways idle

Workers involved

Number

Percent

Number

Total stoppages co vered1...................................

613

10 0.0

3 9 2 .5

10 0.0

2 ,6 7 2 .0

10 0.0

Wages and hours ...............................................................
Fringe b enefits....................................................................
Union organization ..........................................................

41

6.7

16 9.6

4 3 .2

7 1 2 .0

26 .6

4

.7

.3

.1

4 .0

.2

34

5.5

14.2

3 5 8 .8

13.4

Working c o n d itio n s ..........................................................

98
407

16.0

6 4 .9

3 .6
16.5

3 8 3 .0

14.3

66 .4

9 3 .9

23 .9

6 2 9 .4

23 .6

18

2.9

9 1 .6

3.4

1.8

4 .9
44 .7

1.3

11

11.4

493.1

18.5

In te ru n io n .........................................................
Combinations ...................................................................
Other ...................................................................

Percent

Num ber

Excludes stoppages which have no information on issues unsettled or no agreement for issues remaining.
Note:

Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.




11

Percent

A p p e n d ix A .

T a b le s

T a b le A -1 . W o r k s to p p a g e s in th e U n ite d S ta te s , 1 9 2 7 —7 0
W o rk s to p p a g e s

W o rk e r s in v o lv e d 1
2

D u ra tio n

Year

N um ber
( th o u s a n d s )

N um ber
M ean 3

M e d ia n

M a n -d a y s id le d u rin g y ea:r

P e rce n t
of
to ta l
e m p lo y e d

...

N um ber
( th o u s a n d s )

P e r c e n t of e s ti m a t e d
t o ta l w o rk in g tim e
T o ta l
econom y

P riv a te
n o n fa rm

Per
w o rk er
in v o lv e d

1927_______________________________________
1928_______________________________________
1929------------------------------------------------------------1930________________________________________

707
604
921
637

26.5
27.6
22.6
22.3

3
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

330
314
289
183

1.4
1.3
1.2
.8

2 6 ,2 0 0
1 2 ,6 0 0
5, 350
3 ,3 2 0

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

0.37
.17
.07
.05

79.5
4 0 .2
18.5
18.1

1931________________________________________
1932_______________________________________
1933_______________________________________
1934_______________________________________
1935_______________________________________

810
841
1 ,6 9 5
1 ,8 5 6
2 , 014

18.8
19.6
16.9
19.5
23 .8

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

|
|

342
324
1 ,1 7 0
1 ,4 7 0
1, 120

1.6
1.8
6.3
7.2
5.2

6 ,8 9 0
1 0 ,5 0 0
1 6 ,9 0 0
1 9 ,6 0 0
1 5 ,5 0 0

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

.11
.23
.36
.38
.29

20.2
3 2 .4
14.4
13.4
13.8

1936_______________________________________
1937_______________________________________
1938_______________________________________
1939_______________________________________
1940_______________________________________

2, 172
4 , 740
2, 772
2 ,6 1 3
2 ,5 0 8

23.3
20.3
23.6
23.4
20.9

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

!
i
i
i

789
1 ,8 6 0
688
1 ,1 7 0
577

3.1
7.2
2.8
3.5
1.7

1 3 ,9 0 0
2 8 ,4 0 0
9, 150
1 7 ,8 0 0
6, 700

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
0.21
.08

.21
.43
.15
.28
.10

17.6
15.3
13.3
15.2
11.6

1941_______________________________________
1942_______________________________________
1943_______________________________________
1944_______________________________________
1945_______________________________________

4 , 288
2 ,9 6 8
3, 752
4 , 956
4 , 750

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )

2, 360
840
1 ,9 8 0
2, 120
3 ,4 7 0

6.1
2.0
4 .6
4 .8
8.2

2 3 ,0 0 0
4 , 180
1 3 ,5 0 0
8, 720
3 8 ,0 0 0

.23
.04
.10
.07
.31

.32
.05
.15„
.09
.47

9.8
5.0
6 .8
4.1
11.0

1946_______________________________________
1947_______________________________________
1948_______________________________________
1949------------------------------------------------------------1950_______________________________________

4 ,9 8 5
3 ,6 9 3
3 ,4 1 9
3 ,6 0 6
4 , 843

(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
(4 )
8

4 , 600
2 , 170
1 ,9 6 0
3 ,0 3 0
2 ,4 1 0

'

10.5
4 .7
4 .2
6 .7
5.1

1 1 6 ,0 0 0
3 4 ,6 0 0
3 4 ,1 0 0
5 0 ,5 0 0
3 8 , 800

1.04
.30
.28
.44
.33

1 9 5 1 _______________________________________
1952_______________________________ ____
1953_______________________________________
1954_______________________________________
1955_______________________________________

4 , 737
5 , 117
5, 091
3 ,4 6 8
4 , 320

7
7
9
9
8

2, 220
3 ,5 4 0
2 ,4 0 0
1 ,5 3 0
2, 650

;

4 .5
7.3
4 .7
3.1
5.2

2 2 ,9 0 0
5 9 ,1 0 0
2 8 ,3 0 0
22., 600
2 8 ,2 0 0

1956_______________________________________
1957____________________ _______________ _
1958_______________________________________
1959------------------------------------------------------------1960_______________________________________

3, 825
3 ,6 7 3
3 ,6 9 4
3, 708
3 ,3 3 3

18.9
19.2
19.7
24.6
23.4

7
8
8
10
10

1 ,9 0 0
1 ,3 9 0
2, 060
1 ,8 8 0
1 ,3 2 0

3.6
2.6
3.9
3.3
2.4

1961_______________________________________
1962_______________________________________
1963_______________________________________
1964_______________________________________
1965_______________________________________

3, 367
3 ,6 1 4
3 ,3 6 2
3 ,6 5 5
3 ,9 6 3

23 .7
24.6
23 .0
22.9
25.0

9
9
8
8
9

1 ,4 5 0
1 ,2 3 0
941
1 ,6 4 0
1, 550

1966_______________________________________
1967_______________________________________
1968_______________________________________
1969_______________________________________
1970_______________________________________

4 ,4 0 5
4 ,5 9 5
5, 045
5, 700
5, 716

22.2
22 .8
24.5
22.5
25.0

9
9
10
10
11

1 ,9 6 0
2, 870
2 ,6 4 9
2 ,4 8 1
3 ,3 0 5

1
i
;

!
,
,
|
j
|
!
|
'

18.3
11.7
5.0
5.6
9. 9

24.2
25.6
21.8
22.5
19.2
17.4
19.6
20.3
22.5
18.5

i

!
!
!
|
!
t
1
:
;

i
!
1

1.43
.41
.37
.59
.40

25.2
15.9
17.4
16.7
16.1

.18
.48
.22
.18
.22

.21
.57
.26
.19
.26

10.3
16.7
11.8
14.7
10.7

3 3 , 100
1 6 ,5 0 0
2 3 ,9 0 0
6 9 ,0 0 0
1 9 ,1 0 0

.24
.12
.18
.50
.14

.29
.14
.22
.61
.17

17.4
11.4
11.6
36 .7
14.5

2.6
2.2
1.1
2 .7
2.5

1 6 ,3 0 0
1 8 ,6 0 0
1 6 ,1 0 0
2 2 ,9 0 0
2 3 ,3 0 0

.11
.13
.11
.15
.15

.12
.16
.13
.18
.18

11.2
15.0
17.1
14.0
15.1

3.0
4 .3
3 .8
3.5
4 .7

2 5 ,4 0 0
4 2 ,1 0 0
4 9 ,0 1 8
4 2 ,8 6 9
6 6 ,4 1 4

.15
.25
.28
.24
.37

.18
.30
.32
.28
.44

12.9
14.7
18.5
17.3
20.1

■

1 T h e n u m b e r of s to p p a g e s a n d w o r k e r s r e l a t e to th o s e ^ s to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in th e y e a r ; a v e r a g e d u r a tio n , to th o s e e n d in g in th e y e a r . M a n -d a y s
of i d le n e s s in c lu d e a ll s to p p a g e s in e ff e c t.
A v a ila b le in f o r m a tio n f o r e a r l i e r p e r i o d s a p p e a r s in H a n d b o o k of L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s , B LS B u lle tin 1666 (1 9 7 0 ), t a b l e s 153- 158. F o r a d i s c u s s io n of
th e p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d in th e c o lle c tio n a n d c o m p ila tio n of w o rk s to p p a g e s t a t i s t i c s , s e e B LS H a n d b o o k o f M e th o d s f o r S u rv e y s a n d S t u d ie s , B u lle tin 1711,
(1972), c h . 19. A g r i c u l t u r a l a n d g o v e rn m e n t e m p lo y e e s a r e in c lu d e d in th e to ta l e m p lo y e d .
2 In t h e s e t a b l e s , w o r k e r s a r e c o u n te d m o r e th a n o n c e if th e y w e r e in v o lv e d in m o r e th a n 1 s to p p a g e d u rin g th e y e a r .
3 F i g u r e s a r e s im p le a v e r a g e s ; e a c h s to p p a g e is g iv e n e q u a l w e ig h t r e g a r d l e s s of i ts s iz e .
4 N ot a v a ila b le .




12

T a b le A - 2 . W o r k s to p p a g e s b y m o n th , 1 9 6 9 —7 0
N u m b e r of s to p p a g e s
B e g in n in g in m o n th

M onth

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d

In e ff e c t d u r in g m o n th
P e rce n t

N um ber
(in
th o u sa n d s )

M a n -d a y s id le

In e ff e c t d u r in g m o n th

P e rce n t

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

P e rce n t

P e rce n t

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

P e r c e n t of
e s ti m a t e d
w o rk in g
tim e

N um ber
1969____________________
J a n u a r y ---------------------F e b r u a r y ___
____
M a r c h ---------------------A p r i l ________ ________
M a y __________________
J u n e ___________ ______
J u l y ______________________

A u g u s t---------------- -----S e p te m b e r ------ -----O c t o b e r ____________ _
D e c e m b e r -----------------1Q70

J a n u a r y ______________
F e b r u a r y ____________
------------M a r c h -----A p ri]__________________
M a y ______
_ ______
J u n e ------------------- -----J u l y ......................................
A u g u s t------------- -----S e p te m b e r -----------------O c t o b e r — ____ _____
N o v e m b e r -----_ _
D e c e m b e r -----------------NOTE:

N um ber

B e g in n in g in m o n th

P e rce n t

5, 700
342
385
436
578
723
565
528
538
554
531
324
196

100.0
6 .0
6 .8
7 .6
10,1
12.7
9 .9
9 .3
9 .4
9.7
9 .3
5.7
3 .4

9 , 145
511
578
651
831
. 1 ,0 5 4
911
883
915
904
850
611
446

100.0
5.6
6.3
7.1
9.1
11.5
10.0
9 .7
10.0
9.9
9.3
6.7
4 .9

2 ,4 8 1
184.9
177.1
158.1
309.7
286.3
2 1 4.6
2 5 5.0
191.2
185.6
3 3 7.0
131.0
50.8

100.0
7 .5
7.1
6 .4
12.5
11.5
8.6
10.3
7.7
7 .5
13.6
5.3
2 .0

4 ,6 5 6
264.3
339.9
386.3
4 6 2 .3
5 0 7.7
5 0 0.0
4 6 1 .5
3 9 4 .8
2 7 4.5
4 2 0 .9
3 6 7 .6
2 7 6 .0

100.0
5.7
7.3
8.3
9.9
10.9
10.7
9.9
8.5
5.9
9 .0
7.9
5.9

4 2 , 869
3, 173.3
2, 5 6 5 .8
2 ,4 1 2 .5
3 ,7 5 5 .0
4 , 7 4 4.7
4 ,7 2 2 .7
4 , 3 1 1 .0
3, 6 3 4.3
2, 193.4
3, 167.5
4, 3 0 7.6
3, 88 1 .8

100.0
7 .4
6 .0
5.6
8.8
11.1
11.0
10.1
8.5
5.1
7 .4
10.0
9.1

0.24
.21
.1 8
.16
.24
.32
.31
.27
.2 4
.15
.19
.31
.24

5 ,7 1 6
279
330
427
640
699
657
585
527
560
448
340
224

100.0
4.9
5.8
7.5
11.2
12/2
11.5
10.2
9 .2
9 .8
7.8
5.9
3.9

■9,626
458
529
630
884
1, 050
1 ,0 6 0
989
950
971
881
695
529

100.0
4.8
5.5
6.5
9 .2
10.9
11.0
10.3
9.9
10.1
9 .2
7.2
5.5

3, 305
71.1
116.3
316.2
451.1
331.1
288.1
2 4 2 .4
127.3
591.1
231.1
83.6
4 5 5 .5

100.0
2.2
3.5
9 .6
13.6
10.0
8.7
7.3
3.9
17.9
7 .0
2.5
13.8

6, 557
2 6 9.8
3 2 9.6
4 0 2 .5
523.1
6 7 5 .4
5 3 8.0
467.1
340.7
7 8 5 .0
75 3 .9
5 5 2.0
9 1 9 .9

100.0
4.1
5.0
6.1
8 .0
10.3
8.2
7.1
5.2
12.0
11.5
8 .4
14.0

6 6 ,4 1 4
3, 71 0 .8
2, 110.6
2 ,4 7 1 .2
5 ,4 3 1 .1
6 ,6 5 0 .7
5 ,8 4 5 .6
5, 112.1
3 ,8 5 1 .8
8 ,6 6 9 .5
11, 573.6
7, 7 9 8 .0
3, 188.7

100.0
5.6
3.2
3.7
8.2
10.0
8 .8
7.7
5.8
13.1
17.4
11.7
4 .8

.37
.2 5
.15
.16
.3 4
.4 6
.3 6
.32
.26
.5 7
.73
.54
.20

'

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

T a b le A - 3 . W o r k s to p p a g e s b y a ffilia tio n o f u n io n s in v o lv e d , 1 9 7 0
S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in y e a r

M a n -d a y s id le
d u r in g y e a r

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d

A f f ilia tio n
N um ber

P e rce n t

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

100.0

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )
6 6 ,4 1 4

P ercen t

100.0

5, 716
A F D - C I O ___________________________
U n a f f ilia te d u n io n s — - ---- ----------S in g le f i r m u n i o n s — ------- ----------D if fe r e n t a f f ilia tio n s 1 -----------------P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d p u b lic
e m p lo y e e a s s o c i a ti o n s -----------------No u n io n in v o lv e d ----------------------------

3, 305

P e rce n t

100.0

3, 678
1 ,6 5 6
78
86

64.3
29 .0
1.4
1.5

2 ,0 9 1 .9
1 ,0 2 4 .4
19.9
100.9

63.3
31.0
.6
3.1

3 1 ,6 9 8 .8
2 6 ,9 3 5 .9
3 1 9 .4
7, 0 9 8.9

4 7 .7
4 0 .6
.5
10.7

123
95

2.2
1.6

60.3
7.9

1.8
.2

3 2 4 .4
36.3

.5
.1

1
In c lu d e s w o r k s to p p a g e s in v o lv in g u n io n s of d if f e r e n t a f f ilia tio n s — e it h e r 1 u n io n o r m o r e a ff i li a te d
w ith A F D -C IO a n d 1 u n a f f ilia te d u n io n o r m o r e , o r 2 u n a ff ilia te d u n io n s o r m o r e .




N O T E : B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

13

T a b le A -4 . T re n d of w o rk sto p pages involving
1 0 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs or m ore, 1 9 2 7 —7 0
W o r k e r s in v o lv e d
Ye a r

N um ber

M a n -d a y s id le
P e r c e n t of
e s ti m a t e d
t o ta l
w o rk in g
tim e

N um ber
P e r c e n t of
N um ber
P e r c e n t of
(in
t o ta l fo r
(in
t o ta l f o r
th o u sa n d s )
year
th o u s a n d s ) 1
year

1927________________________________
1928________________________________
1929------------------------------------------------1930________________________________

1
5
1
1

165
137
15
30

50 .0
43 .6
5.2
16.4

9 , 73 7
1 0 ,0 8 6
195
270

37.2
80.0
3.6
8.1

0.14
.14
(2 )
(2 )

1931________________________________
1932________________________________
1933________________________________
1934________________________________
1935________________________________

6
7
17
18
9

122
140
429
725
516

37.7
43 .2
36 .7
49 .3
46.1

1 ,9 5 4
5 ,3 3 7
5 ,1 9 9
7 ,4 8 8
4 ,5 2 3

28.4
5 0 .8
30 .7
38.2
29.2

.03
.12
.11
.15
.08

1936________________________________
193 7_____ :__________________________
1938________________________________
1939------------------------------------------------1940________________________________

8
26
2
8
4

169
528
39
572
57

21.4
28.4
5 .7
4 8 .9
9 .9

2, 893
9, 110
171
5, 731
331

20 .8
32.1
1.9
32 .2
4 .9

1941________________________________
1942________________________________
1943________________________________
1944________________________________
1945________________________________

29
6
10
16
42

1 ,0 7 0
74
737
350
1 ,3 5 0

4 5 .3
8.8
37.2
16.5
38.9

9, 344
245
9 ,4 2 7
1 ,2 5 9
1 9 ,3 0 0

4 0 .6
5.9
6 9 .8
14.4
5 0 .7

1946________________________________
1947________________________________
1948________________________________
1949------------------------------------------------1950________________________________

31
15
20
18
22

2, 920
1 ,0 3 0
870
1 ,9 2 0
738

63.6
4 7 .5
4 4 .5
63 .2
30 .7

6 6 ,4 0 0
1 7 ,7 0 0
1 8 ,9 0 0
3 4 ,9 0 0
2 1 ,7 0 0

5 7 .2
51 .2
55.3
6 9 .0
56 .0

1951________________________________
1952________________________________
1953 _______________________________
1954________________________________
1955________________________________

19
35
28
18
26

457
1 ,6 9 0
650
43 7
1 ,2 1 0

20.6
4 7 .8
27.1
28.5
4 5 .6

5 ,6 8 0
3 6 ,9 0 0
7, 270
7 ,5 2 0
1 2 ,3 0 0

2 4 .8
62.6
25 .7
33.3
4 3 .4

1956________________________________
1957________________________________
1958________________________________
195-9------------------------------------------------1960________________________________

12
13
21
20
17

758
283
823
845
384

39.9
20.4
4 0 .0
4 5 .0
29 .2

1 9 ,6 0 0
3 ,0 5 0
1 0 ,6 0 0
5 0 ,8 0 0
7, 140

59.1
18.5
4 4 .2
73.7
37 .4

1961________________________________
1962________________________________
1963________________________________
1964________ ______ . ____________
1965 _______________________________

14
16
7
18
21

601
318
102
607
387

4 1 .4
25 .8
10.8
37 .0
25 .0

4 ,9 5 0
4 , 800
3 ,^ 4 0
7 ,9 9 0
6 , 070

3 0 .4
2 5 .8
2 2 .0
3 4 .8
26 .0

,
i
i

.04
.04
.03
.06
.05

1966________________________________
1967________________________________
1968________________________________
1969------------------------------------------------1970-------------------------------------------------

26
28
32
25
34

600
1 ,3 4 0
994
668
1 ,6 5 3

30 .7
4 6 .5
37.5
26.9
5 0 .0

7, 290
2 1 ,4 0 0
2 0 ,5 1 4
1 7 ,8 5 3
3 5 ,4 4 0

28 .7
5 0 .7
4 1 .8
4 1 .6
5 3 .4

|
1
J
1

.05
.15
.12
.10
.20




1 I n c lu d e s i d le n e s s in s to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in e a r l i e r y e a r s .
2 L e s s th a n 0 .005 p e r c e n t .

14

:

.04
.14
(2 )
.09
(2 )
I
|
:
'
I
:
:
j
!
i

.13
(2 )
.1 0

.01
.24
.82
.21
.20
.4 i
.25

.57
.36
.07
.07
.11
.17
.26
.10
.45
.06

T a b le A -5 . W o r k sto p p a g e s involving 1 0 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs or m ore, beginning in 1 9 7 0
B e g in n in g
d a te

A p p r o x i­
m a te
d u r a tio n
( c a le n d a r
d ay s)1

E sta b lish m e n t s )
a n d lo c a tio n

U n io n (s)
in v o lv e d 2

A p p r o x i­
m a te
n u m b e r of
w o rk ers
in v o lv e d 2

M a jo r t e r m s o f s e t t l e m e n t 3

F e b . 23,
1970

8

B o a rd of E d u c a tio n ,
S ta te o f K e n tu c k y .

N a tio n a l E d u c a tio n
A s s o c ia t io n (In d .).

2 0 ,0 0 0

W o rk s to p p a g e t e r m i n a t e d by c o u r t i n ju n c tio n s , s e c u r e d in th e a r e a s
o f th e S ta te e m p lo y in g th e g r e a t e s t n u m b e r o f t e a c h e r s .

M a r. 9,
1970

3

C o n s tr u c tio n in d u s t r y ,
C h ic a g o , 111.

I n te r n a t i o n a l U nion
o f O p e r a tin g
E n g in e e rs .

2 0 ,0 0 0

4 1 - m o n th a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g th e fo llo w in g h o u r ly i n c r e a s e s to o p e r ­
a t o r s , r e t r o a c t i v e to J a n . 1, 1970: C l a s s I, $ 1 .5 0 ; C l a s s II, $ 1 .2 0 ;
C l a s s III, $ 0 .9 0 ; a n d C l a s s IV , $ 0 .7 5 . A d d itio n a l i n c r e a s e s of th e
s a m e r e s p e c t i v e a m o u n ts e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1971, a n d J a n . 1, 1972.
F ifty c e n ts o f th e p a c k a g e i n c r e a s e a p p lie d to f r i n g e s ; h e a lt h - w e lf a r e
a n d p e n s io n fu n d c o n tr ib u tio n s i n c r e a s e d 10 c e n ts p e r m a n - h o u r e f f e c ­
tiv e J a n . 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l 10 c e n ts e f f e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1971, a n d J a n . 1,
1972. On J a n . 1, 1971, v a c a tio n c o n tr ib u tio n r o s e 10 c e n ts . W age i n ­
c r e a s e s of 40 to 45 c e n ts b e y o n d th e g e n e r a l s e tt le m e n t to be a w a r d e d
to s e v e r a l c a t e g o r i e s o f o p e r a t o r s u p g r a d e d by t h i s a g r e e m e n t .

M a r. 11,
1970

4

N evada R e s o rt
A s s o c ia tio n , L a s
V e g a s , N ev.

H o te l a n d R e s t a u r a n t
E m p lo y e e s a n d
B a r te n d e r s I n t e r ­
n a tio n a l U nion.

2 0 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g h o u r ly i n c r e a s e s of 15 to 25 c e n ts e f f e c ­
tiv e A p r. 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l i n c r e a s e s o f 15 to 20 c e n ts p e r h o u r
e ff e c tiv e A p r . 1, 1971, a n d A p r. 1, 1972. C o m p a n ie s to c o n tr ib u te
2 V2 c e n ts a n h o u r to e s ta b l is h a p e n s io n fu n d , e ff e c tiv e M ay 1, 1970;
p a y m e n ts to be i n c r e a s e d to 7 l/ z c e n ts e f f e c tiv e M ay 1, 1971. C o m ­
p a n ie s to c o n tr ib u te $ 2 8 a m o n th to h e a lth a n d w e l f a r e fu n d , e ff e c tiv e
M ay 1, 1970.

M a r. 18,
1970

9

U n ited S ta te s P o s t O ffic e
D e p a r tm e n t, I n t e r s t a t e .

N a tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n
of L e tte r C a r r i e r s ;
N a tio n a l P o s t a l
U nion; U n ited
F e d e r a t io n of
P o s ta l C le rk s ;
S p e c ia l D e liv e r y
M essen g ers.

1 5 2 ,0 0 0

An a c c o r d , r e a c h e d A p r . 2, 1970, b e c a m e e ff e c tiv e on A ug. 12, 1970,
w h e n P r e s i d e n t N ix o n s ig n e d a b i ll e s ta b l is h i n g th e U. S. P o s t a l S e r v ­
ic e .
U n d e r th e a g r e e m e n t , p o s ta l e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e d a n 8 p e r c e n t
p a y i n c r e a s e r e t r o a c t i v e to A p r. 16, 1970, a n d a r e d u c tio n ( fr o m 21
to 8) in th e n u m b e r o f y e a r s r e q u i r e d to r e a c h to p p a y g r a d e s .

C o n s tr u c tio n i n d u s t r y ,
K a n s a s C ity , M o.

L a b o r e r s ' I n te r ­
n a tio n a l U nion of
N o r th A m e ric a ;
O p e r a tiv e P l a s ­
t e r e r s ' and C em ent
M a so n s' I n te r­
n a tio n a l A s s o c ia ­
tio n ; B r i c k l a y e r s ,
M aso n s, and P la s ­
t e r e r s ' I n te r­
n a tio n a l U nion of
A m e r ic a ; L a t h e r s
I n te r n a tio n a l U nion.

2 7 ,0 0 0

4 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g :
H o u rly w a g e i n c r e a s e s o v e r th e t e r m
o f th e a g r e e m e n t t o ta lin g $ 4 .5 0 f o r l a t h e r s ; $4.57V z f o r c e m e n t
m a s o n s ; $ 4 .5 0 f o r b r i c k l a y e r s ; a n d $ 4 .1 5 f o r l a b o r e r s .

A p r . 1,
1970

197

A p r . 9,
1970

49

G e n e r a l t r u c k in g ,
in te r s ta te .

I n te r n a t i o n a l
B r o th e r h o o d o f
T e a m s t e r s , C h a u f­
f e u r s , W a re h o u s e ­
m e n , a n d H e lp e r s
(In d .).

1 1 0 ,0 0 0

N a tio n a l s e tt le m e n t o f M ay 19, 1970 p r o v id e d t h a t th e c o n tr a c t w o u ld
be r e o p e n e d if C h ic a g o d r i v e r s n e g o tia te d a m o r e l u c r a ti v e m o n e t a r y
p a c k a g e . T h e fo llo w in g r e p r e s e n t s th e t e r m s o f th e r e n e g o t ia t e d
3 9 - m o n th a g r e e m e n t , d a te d J u ly 3, 1970: (a ) L o c a l c a r t a g e p r o v is io n s : An i n c r e a s e of 35 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e A p r. 1, 1970; a d d i­
tio n a l 15 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e J u ly 1, 1970; 40 c e n ts p e r h o u r
e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1971; 25 c e n ts p e r h o u r e f f e c tiv e J u ly 1, 1971, J a n . 1,
1972, a n d J u ly 1, 1972; a n d 20 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1973;
up to 7 c e n ts p e r h o u r c o s t- o f - l iv i n g a llo w a n c e i n c o r p o r a t e d in to b a s e
r a t e s a n d e s c a l a t o r c la u s e r e v i s e d to p r o v id e u p to 8 c e n ts a d ju s t ­
m e n t s e ff e c tiv e J u ly 1, 1971, a n d J u ly 1, 1972— c a lc u l a t e d a t 1 c e n t
p e r h o u r f o r e a c h 0 .3 - p o i n t c h a n g e in B L S -C P I f r o m M a rc h 1970 to
F e b r u a r y 1971, a n d M a rc h 1971 to F e b r u a r y 1972; c o m p a n ie s p a y
e q u iv a le n t o f a d d itio n a l $ 1 p e r w e e k to b o th p e n s io n a n d h e a lth a n d
w e lf a r e fu n d s e ff e c tiv e e a c h A p r. 1, 1970, J a n . 1, 1971, J a n . 1, 1972,
a n d J a n . 1, 1973.
(b) O v e r - t h e - r o a d p r o v is i o n s : 35 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r 1 c e n t p e r m ile
e ff e c tiv e A p r . 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l 15 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r 0 c e n t p e r
m ile e ff e c tiv e J u ly 1, 1970; 40 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r 0 c e n t p e r m ile
e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1971; 25 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r 1 c e n t p e r m il e e ff e c tiv e
J u ly 1, 1971; 25 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r 0 c e n t p e r m il e e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1,
1972; 25 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r V4 c e n t p e r m il e e ff e c tiv e J u ly 1, 1972;
a n d 20 c e n ts p e r h o u r o r 0 c e n t p e r m il e e f f e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1973; up
to 1.75 m i l l s p e r m il e c o s t- o f - l iv i n g a llo w a n c e i n c o r p o r a t e d in to b a s e
r a t e s a n d e s c a l a t o r c la u s e r e v i s e d s i m i l a r to a b o v e ; o t h e r t e r m s
g e n e r a l ly s i m i l a r to l o c a l c a r t a g e a g r e e m e n t a b o v e .

A p r. 10,
1970

85

T r u c k in g A s s o c ia tio n o f
C h ic a g o (5 A s s o c ia ­
t io n s ) , C h ic a g o , 111.

I n te r n a t i o n a l
B r o th e r h o o d o f
T e a m s t e r s , C h a u f­
f e u r s , W a re h o u s e ­
m e n , a n d H e lp e rs
(In d .).

2 0 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : An i n c r e a s e o f 35 c e n ts p e r h o u r e f f e c ­
tiv e A p r . 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l i n c r e a s e s o f 30 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e
O c t. 1, 1970, a n d 25 c e n ts p e r h o u r e f f e c tiv e e a c h A p r . 1, 1971,
O c t. 1, 1971, A p r . 1, 1972, a n d O c t. 1, 1972; up to 7 c e n ts c o s t- o f liv in g a llo w a n c e i n c o r p o r a t e d in to b a s e r a t e s a n d e s c a l a t o r c la u s e
r e v i s e d to p r o v id e u p to 6 c e n ts a d ju s t m e n t s e ff e c tiv e O c t. 1, 1971,
a n d O c t. 1, 1972— c a lc u l a t e d a t 1 c e n t p e r h o u r f o r e a c h 0 .3 -p o in t
c h a n g e i n B L S -C P I f r o m M a rc h 1970 to F e b r u a r y 1971, a n d M a rc h
1971 to F e b r u a r y 1972; c o m p a n ie s p a y e q u iv a le n t t o ta l o f $ 1 p e r w e e k
to p e n s io n a n d / o r h e a lth a n d w e l f a r e fu n d e f f e c tiv e b o th A p r. 1, 1970,
a n d O c t. 1, 1970, a n d a d d itio n a l $ 2 p e r w e e k e ff e c tiv e e a c h A p r . 1,
1971, O c t. 1, 1971, A p r . 1, 1972, a n d O c t. 1, 1972— a llo c a tio n to be
d e c id e d by in d iv id u a l l o c a l s .

A p r . 13,
1970

:0

B o a r d o f E d u c a tio n ,
L o s A n g e le s U n ifie d
S c h o o l D i s tr i c t .

A m e r i c a n F e d e r a t io n
of T e a c h e rs and
N a tio n a l E d u c a tio n
A s s o c ia tio n ( In d .).

1 3 ,0 0 0

T h e t e a c h e r s v o te d to r e t u r n to w o rk a n d f o rg o a n o f f e r e d 5 p e r c e n t
w ag e i n c r e a s e s o t h a t th e fu n d s c o u ld b e u s e d to r e d u c e c l a s s s iz e s
a n d im p r o v e r e a d in g p r o g r a m s ; s ti p u la t e d t h a t if th e S ta te a p p r o p r i ­
a te d a d d itio n a l fu n d s to th e s c h o o l d i s t r i c t th e u n io n w o u ld h a v e a
v o ic e in h o w i t w a s s p e n t.

A p r . 16,
1970

5

N ew Y o rk T e le p h o n e
C o ., N ew Y o rk , N .Y .

C o m m u n ic a tio n
W o rk e r s o f
A m e ric a .

1 5 ,0 0 0

A g r ie v a n c e o v e r p e r s o n a l s a f e ty o f e m p lo y e e s in h ig h c r i m e r a t e
a r e a s p r e c i p it a te d th e s to p p a g e ; w o r k e r s r e t u r n e d to t h e i r jo b s w h en
m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e d to s u b m it th e g r ie v a n c e to a r b i t r a t i o n .

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .




15

T a b le A -5 . W o r k sto p p a g e s involving 1 0 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs or m ore, beginning in 1 9 7 0 — C ontinued
A p p r o x i­
m a te
n u m b e r of
w o rk ers
in v o lv e d 2

A p p r o x i­
m a te
d u r a tio n
(ca le n d a r
days )l

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s)
a n d lo c a tio n

A p r . 21,
1970

64

G o o d y e a r T i r e and
R u b b e r C o ., i n t e r s t a t e .

U n ited R u b b e r
W o rk e r s

2 3 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : 45 c e n ts p e r h o u r i n c r e a s e f o r s k ille d
w o r k e r s , 30 c e n ts f o r o t h e r s e ff e c tiv e Ju n e 7, 1970; a d d itio n a l i n ­
c r e a s e s of 36 c e n ts f o r s k ille d w o r k e r s and 26 c e n ts f o r o t h e r s e f ­
f e c tiv e J u ly 5, 1971; 26 c e n ts a n h o u r i n c r e a s e f o r a ll e m p lo y e e s
e ff e c tiv e J u ly 3, 1972; a d d itio n a l 10 c e n ts e ff e c tiv e im m e d ia te l y a n d
10 c e n ts e ff e c tiv e J u ly 5, 1971, to e m p lo y e e s a t D a n v ille , V a ., a n d
U nion C ity , T e n n .; 10th p a id h o lid a y ; 5 - w e e k s ' v a c a tio n a f t e r 20 y e a r s ;
$ 7 .7 5 m o n th ly p e n s io n f o r e a c h y e a r 's c r e d i te d s e r v i c e a n d p r e s e n t
r e t i r e e s ' p e n s io n i n c r e a s e d by $ 1 .2 5 p e r m o n th f o r e a c h y e a r 's c r e d ­
ite d s e r v i c e ; s p e c i a l in c o m e p r o te c ti o n p la n p r o v id e s $ 150.00 a m o n th
f o r 24 m o n th s to q u a lif ie d s u rv iv o r of an e m p lo y e e ; jo b h e a lth p r o g r a m
e s ta b l is h e d .

M ay 1,
1970

42

C o n s tr u c tio n i n d u s t r y ,
P h ila d e lp h ia , P a .
a n d v ic in ity .

L a b o re rs ' I n te r ­
n a tio n a l U nion of
N o rth A m e r i c a .

1 7 ,0 0 0

1 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : $1 p e r h o u r i n c r e a s e e f f e c tiv e M ay 1,
1970; a d d itio n a l 15 c e n ts p a y m e n t by th e c o m p a n ie s to th e h e a lth and
w e lf a r e fu n d .

M ay 4,
1970

1

C o n s t r u c t io n i n d u s t r y ,
C a lif .

L a b o re rs ' I n te r­
n a tio n a l U nion of
N o rth A m e r i c a .

3 5 ,0 0 0

4 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : F o u r a n n u a l i n c r e a s e s o f 85 c e n ts p e r
h o u r in w a g e s a n d b e n e f its ; i n c r e a s e d u r in g f i r s t tw o y e a r s to be p a id
in s e v e r a l i n s t a ll m e n t s ; t h i r d a n d f o u rth i n c r e a s e s w ill be p a id a t
b e g in n in g of t h i r d a n d f o u rth y e a r s .

M ay 4,
1970

36

C o n s t r u c t io n i n d u s t r y ,
C le v e la n d , O hio.

B ric k la y e rs , M a­
so n s, and P l a s ­
t e r e r s 1 In te r ­
n a tio n a l U nion of
A m e r ic a ; O p e r a tiv e
P l a s t e r e r s ' and
C em en t M aso n s'
I n te r n a t i o n a l A s s o ­
c ia tio n ; U n ited
B r o th e r h o o d o f
C a r p e n te r s a n d
J o in e r s o f A m e r ic a ;
L a b o re rs ' I n te r­
n a tio n a l U nion of
N o rth A m e r i c a .

1 4 ,0 0 0

B M P , O P C M , C JA — a g r e e d to 3 - y e a r p a c t p r o v id in g :
$1 p e r h o u r
i n c r e a s e e f f e c tiv e M ay 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l $1 p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e b o th
M ay 1, 1971, a n d M ay 1, 1972.
LUINA— s ig n e d a 3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : 70 c e n ts p e r h o u r in c r e a s e e ff e c tiv e M ay 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l 95 c e n ts e ff e c tiv e M ay 1,
1971, a n d 90 c e n ts e ff e c tiv e M ay 1, 1972; c o m p a n ie s c o n tr ib u te 35
c e n ts p e r h o u r to h e a lth a n d w e lf a r e fu n d e ff e c tiv e M ay 1, 1971, an d
40 c e n ts p e r h o u r to p e n s io n fu n d e ff e c tiv e M ay 1, 1972; c o m p a n ie s
p a y 20 c e n ts p e r h o u r to e s ta b l is h SUB fu n d .

M ay 5,
1970

39

B .F . G o o d ric h C o m p a n y ,
in te rs ta te .

U n ited R u b b e r
W o rk e r s

1 1 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p ro v id in g : 45 c e n ts p e r h o u r i n c r e a s e to s k ille d
w o r k e r s a n d 30 c e n ts p e r h o u r i n c r e a s e to o t h e r s , b o th i n c r e a s e s
e ff e c tiv e J u n e 12, 1970; a d d itio n a l 26 c e n ts p e r h o u r g e n e r a l i n c r e a s e
(p lu s 10 c e n ts s k il le d t r a d e s a d ju s tm e n t to be a ll o c a te d by u n io n ) e f ­
f e c tiv e J u ly 5, 1971, a n d 26 c e n ts g e n e r a l i n c r e a s e e f f e c tiv e J u ly 3,
1972; o t h e r t e r m s s i m i l a r to G o o d y e a r s e tt le m e n t.

B e g in n in g
d a te

U n io n (s)
in v o lv e d 2

M a jo r t e r m s of s e tt le m e n t 3

M ay 18,
1970

1

I n te r n a tio n a l
N ew J e r s e y B e ll
T e le p h o n e , N ew J e r s e y .
B r o th e r h o o d o f
E l e c t r i c a l W o rk e r s .

1 0 ,0 0 0

W o rk e r s r e t u r n e d to w o rk w ith o u t a f o r m a l s e tt le m e n t.

M ay 22,
1970

3

N ew J e r s e y B e ll
I n te r n a tio n a l
B r o th e r h o o d o f
T e le p h o n e , N ew J e r s e y .
E l e c t r i c a l W o rk e r s .

1 7 ,0 0 0

W alk o u t s e tt le d w h en c o m p a n y p le d g e d it w o u ld no lo n g e r a s s i g n
s u p e r v i s o r s to th e jo b s o f i n s t a l l e r s , r e p a i r m e n , c a b le s p l i c e r s , a n d
c e n t r a l o ffic e t e c h n i c ia n s .

R a d io C o r p o r a tio n of
A m e ric a , in te r s ta te .

I n te r n a t i o n a l U nion
of E l e c t r i c a l ,
R a d io , a n d M a c h in e
W o rk e r s ; A m e r ic a n
F e d e r a t io n o f
T e c h n ic a l E n g i­
n e e rs ; and I n te r ­
n a tio n a l B r o t h e r ­
h o o d of T e a m s t e r s ,
C h a u f fe u r s , W a re ­
h o u sem en , and
H e lp e rs (In d .).

1 3 ,0 0 0

IU E— s ig n e d 4 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p ro v id in g :
23 c e n ts h o u r ly i n c r e a s e
e ff e c tiv e A ug. 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l 3 to 26 c e n ts f o r s k il le d d a y w o r k e r s ;
a d d itio n a l 15 c e n ts a n d $ 6 w e e k ly i n c r e a s e e ff e c tiv e b o th A ug. 1, 1971,
a n d O c t. 1, 1972; e s c a l a t o r c la u s e e s ta b l is h e d — u p to 5 c e n ts p e r h o u r
($ 2 p e r w e e k a d ju s tm e n t f o r s a l a r y e m p lo y e e s ) e ff e c tiv e J u n e 1, 1971,
and 8 c e n ts e ffe c t iv e both June 1, 1972, and June 1, 1973; a d d itio n a l
c la s s if i c a t io n a n d in e q u a lity a d ju s tm e n t; a d d itio n a l p a id h o lid a y (d ay
a f t e r T h a n k s g iv in g e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1971). O th e r t e r m s e ff e c tiv e
J a n . 1, 1971, in c lu d e : $ 5 .5 0 to $ 7 .5 0 m o n th ly p e n s io n f o r e a c h y e a r 's
c r e d i te d s e r v i c e , v a r y in g f o r la b o r g r a d e s , $ 6 m in im u m e ff e c tiv e
J a n . 1, 1972, a n d $ 6 .5 0 m in im u m e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1973; o t h e r p e n s io n
b e n e fits in c lu d e d e a r l y r e t i r e m e n t a n d v e s tin g p r o v is i o n s .
A F T E — s ig n e d 5 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : W age i n c r e a s e o f $ 1 0 .0 0
to $ 1 6 .7 5 p e r w eek ; a d d itio n a l $ 5 .2 0 to $ 8 .0 0 e ff e c tiv e e a c h J u n e 15,
1971, J u n e 15, 1972, a n d J u n e 15, 1973; o th e r t e r m s s i m i l a r to IU E
s e tt le m e n t.
T e a m s t e r s r e s p e c t e d p ic k e t lin e s a t s e v e r a l lo c a tio n s .

G e n e ra l E le c tr ic
C o m p a n y , L o u is v ille ,
K y.

I n te r n a tio n a l U nion
of E le c tr ic a l,
R a d io , a n d M a c h in e
W o rk e r s .

1 4 ,0 0 0

W alk o u t r e s u l t e d f r o m a l o n g -s ta n d in g g r ie v a n c e o v e r th e r a t e o f p a y
of 16 f lo o r s w e e p e r s ; th e u n io n s u s p e n d e d th e w a lk o u t to a llo w th e
c o m p a n y t im e to s u b m it th e d is p u te to a r b i t r a t i o n .

C o n s tr u c tio n in d u s t r y ,
I llin o is .

I n te r n a tio n a l U nion
of O p e r a tin g
E n g in e e r s

44 5 , 000

3 8 - m o n th a g r e e m e n t p ro v id in g : I n c r e a s e s to ta lin g $ 4 .7 5 p e r h o u r in
w a g e s a n d b e n e fits to C l a s s I e n g in e e r s a n d $ 5 .0 5 p e r h o u r to C l a s s II
e n g in e e r s ; b o th i n c r e a s e s to be p a id in s e v e r a l i n c r e m e n t s o v e r th e
t e r m of th e a g r e e m e n t .

J u n e 2,
1970

101

J u n e 11,
1970

3

Ju n e 15,
1970

27

1

4

B itu m in o u s C o a l
in d u s t r y , i n t e r s t a t e .

U n ited M ine
W o rk e r s (In d .).

2 5 ,0 0 0

U n a u th o riz e d s t r i k e o v e r a lle g e d h e a lth a n d s a fe ty v io la tio n s e n d e d by
a f e d e r a l c o u r t in ju n c tio n o r d e r i n g a r b i t r a t i o n to r e s o l v e th e d is p u te .

J u ly 1,
1970

82

C o n s tr u c tio n i n d u s t r y ,
A tla n ta , Ga.

L a b o re rs ' In te r ­
n a tio n a l U nion of
N o rth A m e r i c a a n d
O p e r a tiv e P l a s ­
t e r e r s ' and C em en t
M a so n s' In te rn a ­
tio n a l A s s o c ia tio n .

10, 000

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : A 4 0 - c e n t - a n - h o u r i n c r e a s e e ff e c tiv e
S e p t. 21, 1970; a d d itio n a l i n c r e a s e s of 15 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e
J a n . 1, 1971, a n d 25 c e n ts e ff e c tiv e e a c h J u ly 1, 1971, J a n . 1, 1972,
Ju ly 1, 1972, a n d J a n . 1, 1973; c o m p a n y c o n tr ib u tio n to h e a lth an d
w e lf a r e fu n d to be 5 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e J a n . 1, 1972; an a d d i­
tio n a l 5 c e n ts e ff e c tiv e b o th J u n e 1, 1972, a n d J a n . 1, 1973.

J u ly 7,
1970

1

3 2 ,0 0 0

T h is s t r i k e , w h ic h w a s c a lle d o v e r a lo n g -s ta n d in g d is p u te c o n c e r n in g
e lim in a tio n of f i r e m e n 's j o b s , w a s t e r m in a t e d w h en P r e s i d e n t N ixon
a p p o in te d an e m e r g e n c y b o a r d u n d e r th e R a ilw a y L a b o r A c t a n d
o r d e r e d th e s t r i k e h a lte d f o r 60 d a y s .

J u n e 22,
1970

9

U n ited T r a n s p o r ­
B a ltim o r e a n d O h io ,
t a t i o n U nion.
S o u th e rn P a c if i c ,
L o u is v ille a n d N a s h v ille
R a i lr o a d s , i n t e r s t a t e .

S ee f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




16

T a b le A -5 . W o r k sto p pages involving 1 0 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs or m ore, beginning in 1 9 7 0 -----C ontinued
B e g in n in g
d a te

A p p ro x i-

A p p r o x i­
m a te
d u r a tio n
( c a le n d a r
d ay s)1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s)
a n d lo c a tio n

U n io n (s)
in v o lv e d ‘

mate

n u m b e r of
w o rk e rs
in v o lv e d 2

M a jo r t e r m s of s e t t l e m e n t 3

J u ly 13,
1970

24

B itu m in o u s C o a l
in d u stry , in te r s ta te .

U n ited M ine
W o rk e r s (In d .).

20 ,0 00

M in e r s (w ith o u t UMW a u th o r iz a tio n ) h o n o r e d p ic k e ts e s ta b l is h e d by a
d is s i d e n t u n io n g ro u p , th e D is a b le d M in e r s a n d W idow s of S o u th e rn
W est V ir g in ia , w h ic h s o u g h t h o s p ita l b e n e fits f o r w id o w s o f m in e r s
a n d d is a b le d m i n e r s f r o m th e UMW; s e v e r a l c o u r t in ju n c tio n s a n d r e ­
s tr a in i n g o r d e r s w e r e i s s u e d b e f o r e th e m i n e r s r e t u r n e d to t h e i r jo b s .

S e p t. 1,
1970

18

C o n s tr u c tio n in d u s t r y ,
M ic h ig a n .

I n te r n a t i o n a l U nion
o f O p e r a tin g
E n g in e e rs .

2 5 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p ro v id in g : 75 c e n ts p e r h o u r e ff e c tiv e S e p t. 19,
1970; a d d itio n a l $1 e ff e c tiv e S e p t. 1, 1971, a n d S e p t. 1, 1972; u n io n
o p tio n to d i v e r t p a r t of i n c r e a s e to b e n e fit f u n d s.

5135

C o n s tr u c tio n in d u s t r y ,
B ir m in g h a m , A la .

I n te r n a t i o n a l
B r o th e r h o o d o f
T e a m s t e r s , C h a u f­
f e u r s , W a re h o u s e ­
m e n , a n d H e lp e rs
(In d .); I n te r n a tio n a l
U nion o f O p e r a tin g
E n g in e e rs; I n te r ­
n a tio n a l A s s o c ia ­
tio n o f B r id g e ,
S t r u c t u r a l an d
O r n a m e n ta l I ro n
I
W o rk e r s ; B r i c k ­
la y e r s , M aso n s,
and P la s te r e r s '
I n te r n a tio n a l U nion
o f A m e r ic a ; U n ited
B r o th e r h o o d o f
C a r p e n te r s an d
J o i n e r s o f A m e ric a ;
O p e r a tiv e P l a s ­
t e r e r s ' and C em en t
M a so n s ' I n t e r ­
n a tio n a l A s s o c ia ­
tio n ; a n d L a b o r e r s '
I n te r n a tio n a l U nion
o f N o rth A m e r ic a .

1 5 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : T o ta l h o u r ly i n c r e a s e s o v e r
of th e c o n tr a c t a m o u n tin g to : $ 2 .3 5 f o r c a r p e n t e r s ; $ 2 .1 5
t e r e r s a n d c e m e n t m a s o n s ; $ 2 .4 5 f o r b r ic k l a y e r s ; $ 2 .9 5
w o r k e r s ; $ 2 .7 0 f o r o p e r a tin g e n g in e e r s a n d m il lw r i g h ts ;
te a m s te r s and la b o r e r s .

B o a r d o f E d u c a tio n ,
P h i la d e lp h ia , P a .

A m e r i c a n F e d e r a t io n
of T e a c h e rs.

1 3 ,0 0 0

T e a c h e r s v o lu n ta r ily r e t u r n e d to t h e i r c l a s s r o o m s .
G o v e rn o r
R a y m o n d P . S h a f e r m e d i a te d th e t e m p o r a r y s e tt le m e n t, w h ic h i n ­
c lu d e d a 3 0 - d a y b a rg a in in g p e r i o d b e tw e e n th e A F T a n d th e B o a rd
of E d u c a tio n .

U n ited A uto W o rk e r s
G e n e r a l M o to r s
C o rp o ra tio n , in te r s ta te .
(In d .).

3 5 5 ,0 0 0

3 - y e a r n a tio n a l a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : W age i n c r e a s e s f r o m 49 to 61
c e n ts e ff e c tiv e N ov. 23, 1970, in c lu d in g a 26 c e n ts c o s t- o f - l iv i n g
a d ju s tm e n t e m p lo y e e s w o u ld h a v e r e c e i v e d d u r in g th e p r e v io u s a g r e e ­
m e n t if a lim it o f 16 c e n ts h a d n o t b e e n p r o v id e d ; a d d itio n a l i n c r e a s e s
o f 3 p e r c e n t e ff e c tiv e N o v e m b e r 1971 a n d N o v e m b e r 1972. O th e r
t e r m s in c lu d e d : C o s t - o f - li v in g : 16 o f 21 c e n ts c u r r e n t c o s t- o f - l iv i n g
a llo w a n c e i n c o r p o r a t e d in to b a s e r a t e .
E s c a l a t o r c la u s e r e v i s e d to
p ro v id e f o r u n lim ite d D e c . 6, 1971 a d ju s tm e n t ( c a lc u la te d a t 1 c e n t
f o r e a c h 0 .4 -p o in t r i s e in a v e r a g e o f B L S -C P I l e v e ls f o r A u g u s t 1971,
S e p te m b e r 1971, a n d O c to b e r 1971, o v e r A u g u s t 1970 in d e x ), fo llo w e d
by u n lim ite d a d ju s tm e n ts in M a rc h 1972, J u n e 1972, S e p te m b e r 1972,
D e c e m b e r 1972, M a rc h 1973, a n d Ju n e 1973.
P e n s io n s : E f fe c tiv e O c t. 1, 1971, o p tio n a l e a r l y r e t i r e m e n t a f t e r 30
y e a r s ' s e r v i c e a t $ 5 0 0 p e r m o n th ; th e $ 5 0 0 r e d u c e d by 8 p e r c e n t fo r
e a c h y e a r u n d e r a g e 58; a ll e a r l y r e t i r e m e n t b e n e fits r e d u c e d by a
f la t 10 p e r c e n t w h en r e t i r e e a tt a in s a g e 62; n o r m a l p e n s io n r a t e i n ­
c r e a s e s by $ 1 .7 5 (to $ 7 .2 5 , $ 7 .5 0 , o r $ 7 .7 5 , d e p e n d in g on h o u r ly r a t e )
a m o n th f o r e a c h y e a r c r e d i te d s e r v i c e .
I m p r o v e m e n ts a ls o in life i n s u r a n c e , h e a lth i n s u r a n c e , a n d c o m p a n y
SUB f in a n c in g .

S e p t. 1 ,
1970

S e p t. 8,
1970

4

S e p t. 15,
1970

th e t e r m
fo r p la s ­
fo r i r o n ­
$ 1 .7 5 fo r

S e p t. 15,
1970

1

B a ltim o r e a n d O h io ,
S o u th e rn P a c if i c , a n d
C h e s a p e a k e a n d Ohio
R a i lr o a d s , i n t e r s t a t e .

U n ited T r a n s p o r ­
t a tio n U nion;
B r o th e r h o o d of
R a ilw a y , A i r li n e ,
a n d S te a m s h ip
C le rk s ; B ro th e r ­
h o o d o f M a in te ­
n a n c e o f W ay E m ­
p lo y e e s ; H o te l
and R e s ta u ra n t
E m p lo y e e s a n d
B a r te n d e r s I n t e r ­
n a tio n a l U nion.

4 9 ,0 0 0

A f e d e r a l c o u r t r e s t r a i n i n g o r d e r w as i s s u e d b e fo r e th e s to p p a g e ;
w o r k e r s c o m p ly in g w ith th e c o u r t o r d e r r e t u r n e d th e n e x t d a y .

O c t. 12,
1970

5

C o n s tr u c tio n i n d u s t r y ,
S o u th e rn C a l if o r n ia .

I n te r n a t i o n a l
B r o th e r h o o d of
T e a m s t e r s , C h a u f­
f e u r s , W a re h o u s e ­
m e n , a n d H e lp e r s
(In d .).

5 0 ,0 0 0

M a n a g e m e n t a g r e e d to p la c e o w n e r - o p e r a to r s on th e p a y r o l l a f t e r o n e
d a y 's e m p lo y m e n t— a f t e r 4 d a y s w a s th e c u r r e n t p r a c t ic e ; o w n e r o p e r a t o r s to r e c e i v e $ 2 .0 5 in w a g e s a n d f r i n g e s u n d e r th e a g r e e m e n t .

O c t. 16,
1970

5

B o a r d of E d u c a tio n ,
P h i la d e lp h ia , P a .

A m e r ic a n F e d e r a t io n
of T e a c h e r s .

1 3 ,0 0 0

2 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : F i r s t y e a r w a g e i n c r e a s e s o f $ 8 0 0 —
$ 1 ,0 0 0 , d e p e n d in g o n le n g th o f s e r v i c e , r e t r o a c t i v e to S e p t. 1, 1970,
(th e f i r s t - y e a r i n c r e a s e w o u ld n o t b e p a id u n til N ov. 1, 1971, b e c a u s e
o f f in a n c ia l p r o b le m s ) ; a s e c o n d - y e a r i n c r e a s e o f th e s a m e a m o u n t,
e ff e c tiv e S e p t. 1, 1971.

S ee f o o tn o te s a t e nd o f ta b l e .




17

T a b le A -5 . W o r k sto p p a g e s involving 1 0 ,0 0 0 w o rk e rs o r m ore, beginning in 1 9 7 0 -----C o n tin ued
B e g in n in g
d a te

O c t. 20,
1970

A p p r o x i­
m a te
d u ra tio n
( c a le n d a r
d ay s)1
1

E s t a b l i s h m e n t( s )
a n d lo c a tio n

U n io n (s)
in v o lv e d 2

A p p r o x i­
m a te
n u m b e r of
w o rk ers
in v o lv e d 2

M a jo r t e r m s o f s e tt le m e n t 3

T r a n s W o rld A i r li n e s ,
in te r s ta te .

T r a n s p o r t W o rk e r s
U nion o f A m e r i c a .

7 3 5 ,0 0 0

2 - y e a r a g r e e m e n t p r o v id in g : 1 0 .0 p e r c e n t i n c r e a s e in b o th b a s e a n d
in c e n tiv e p a y r e t r o a c t i v e to A ug. 1, 1970; a d d itio n a l a p p r o x im a te in ­
c r e a s e s o f 3.1 p e r c e n t e ff e c tiv e N ov. 1, 1970, 6 .5 p e r c e n t e ff e c tiv e
A p r . 1, 1971, a n d 6 .0 p e r c e n t e f f e c tiv e D e c . 1, 1971; in a d d itio n ,
e m p lo y e e s r e c e i v e d a 1 0 .0 p e r c e n t l u m p - s u m r e t r o a c t i v e p a y m e n t
f o r A ug. 1, 1969 th r o u g h J u ly 3 1 , 1970; g u a r a n te e d m o n th ly p a y o f
70 h o u r s f o r d o m e s t ic o p e r a t io n a n d 67 h o u r s f o r i n te r n a t i o n a l o p e r a ­
tio n ; g u a r a n t e e d f r e e t im e p e r m o n th o f 9 d a y s f o r r e g u l a r e m p lo y e e s
a n d 8 d a y s f o r r e s e r v e e m p lo y e e s . I m p r o v e m e n ts in p e n s io n : R e t i r e ­
m e n t a t a g e 60; f u tu r e s e r v i c e b e n e fit c a lc u l a t e d a t 1.75 p e r c e n t of
g r o s s e a r n i n g s ; e m p lo y e e c o n tr ib u tio n to p e n s io n fu n d r e d u c e d to
1.50 p e r c e n t o f g r o s s e a r n i n g s . I m p r o v e m e n ts in h e a lth , d e n ta l, a n d
i n s u r a n c e p la n s .

M e tr o p o lita n T a x ic a b
B o a r d o f T r a d e , In c .,
N ew Y o rk , N .Y .

N ew Y o rk C ity T a x i
D riv e rs .

4 2 ,0 0 0

An a r b i t r a t o r w a s to be s e le c te d to d e c id e th e d u r a t i o n o f th e a g r e e ­
m e n t; th e f i r s t 10 c e n ts c lo c k e d on th e m e t e r to b e u s e d f o r p e n s io n s ,
h o lid a y s , s ic k b e n e f i ts , a n d o t h e r i te m s ; th e b a la n c e o f th e f a r e to
be d iv id e d 5 0 -5 0 b e tw e e n th e o w n e r a n d th e d r i v e r ; p e n s io n s i n c r e a s e d
to $ 1 0 0 p e r m o n th ; b u l le t - p r o o f p a r t i t i o n s to b e i n s t a l l e d in a ll c a b s
by J u n e 1, 1971.

1 3 ,0 0 0

S te v e d o r e s w a lk e d o u t in p r o t e s t o f a c h a n g e d h i r i n g s y s te m , in w h ic h
a d o c k e r w o u ld b e n o tif ie d t h e d a y b e f o r e w h e th e r h e w a s n e e d e d f o r
w o rk ; a n o th e r a s p e c t o f th e d is p u te c e n te r e d o n a p r o p o s e d s h ip p in g
lin e m e r g e r w h ic h c o u ld r e s u l t in jo b l o s s e s t h r o u g h c o n t a i n e r i z a ­
tio n ; s e tt le m e n t p r o v id e d t h a t t h e i s s u e s b e p la c e d b e f o r e a s p e c i a l
" c o n tr a c t b o a r d ."

3 6 0 ,0 0 0

R e s u ltin g f r o m a d is p u te o v e r r u le s a n d w a g e s , t h i s s to p p a g e w a s
t e r m i n a t e d a f t e r P r e s i d e n t N ix o n s ig n e d l e g i s la t io n b a n n in g f u r t h e r
s t r i k e a c tio n u n til M a r . 1, 1971. A f te r a n in ju n c tio n w a s i s s u e d , th e
f o u r u n io n s r e t u r n e d to w o r k . U n d e r t h e t e r m s o f th e le g i s la t io n ,
w o r k e r s w e r e a w a r d e d a 13.5 p e r c e n t w a g e i n c r e a s e r e t r o a c t i v e to
J a n . 1, 1970, b u t a l l o t h e r i s s u e s r e m a in e d u n s e tt le d .

D e c . 4,
1970

16

D e c . 7,
1970

3

L o n g s h o r e i n d u s t r y , N ew I n te r n a t i o n a l
L o n g s h o r e m e n 's
Y o rk a n d N ew J e r s e y .
A s s o c ia tio n .

D e c . 10,
1970

1

R a i lr o a d i n d u s t r y ,
in te r s ta te .

B r o th e r h o o d o f
M a in te n a n c e o f W ay
E m p lo y e e s ; U n ited
T ra n sp o rta tio n
U nion; B r o th e r h o o d
o f R a ilw a y , A i r ­
l in e , a n d S te a m ­
s h ip C l e r k s ; H o te l
and R e s ta u ra n t
E m p lo y e e s a n d
B a r te n d e r s I n t e r ­
n a tio n a l U n io n .

1 In c lu d e s n o n w o r k d a y s , s u c h a s S a tu r d a y s , S u n d a y s , a n d e s ta b l is h e d h o lid a y s .
2 T h e u n io n s l i s t e d a r e t h o s e d i r e c t l y in v o lv e d in th e d i s p u te , b u t th e n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s in v o lv e d m a y in c lu d e m e m b e r s o f o t h e r
w o r k e r s id le d by d is p u te s in th e s a m e e s ta b l is h m e n t s . T h e u n io n s a r e a f f i li a te d w ith th e A F L — IO , e x c e p t w h e r e t h e y a r e n o te d a s
C
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s in v o lv e d i s t h e m a x im u m n u m b e r m a d e id le f o r 1 s h if t o r lo n g e r in e s ta b l is h m e n t s d i r e c t l y in v o lv e d in
f ig u r e d o e s n o t m e a s u r e th e i n d i r e c t o r s e c o n d a r y e ff e c t o n o t h e r e s ta b l is h m e n t s o r i n d u s t r i e s w h o s e e m p lo y e e s a r e m a d e id le a s a
o r s e rv ic e s h o rta g e .
3 A d o p te d l a r g e ly f r o m C u r r e n t W age D e v e lo p m e n ts , p u b lis h e d m o n th ly by th e B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s .
4 A lo c k o u t o f 5 ,0 0 0 o p e r a t in g e n g in e e r s p r e v e n t e d 4 0 ,0 0 0 o t h e r c r a f ts m e n f r o m w o r k in g .
5 S t r ik e w a s s t i l l in p r o g r e s s a t e n d o f y e a r ; s e tt le d J a n . 13, 1971.
6 S t r ik e w a s s t i l l in p r o g r e s s a t e n d o f y e a r ; s e tt le d J a n . 2 6 , 1971.
7 A s t r i k e o f 5 ,4 0 0 h o s t e s s e s a n d p u r s e r s .
T h e r e s t o f th e s t r i k e r s h o n o r e d p i c k e t l in e s .




18

u n io n s o r n o n u n io n
in d e p e n d e n t (In d .).
a s to p p a g e . T h is
r e s u lt of m a te r ia l

T a b le A -6 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by co n trac t status and m a jo r issue, 1 9 7 0
S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in y e a r

M a n -d a y s id le
d u r in g y e a r

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d

C o n tr a c t s ta t u s a n d m a j o r i s s u e
N um ber

P ercen t

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

P e rce n t

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

P ercen t

A ll s to p p a g e s ---------------- ------ ---------------------

5, 716

100.0

3, 3 0 5 .2

100.0

6 6 ,4 1 3 .8

100.0

N e g o tia tio n of f i r s t a g r e e m e n t _______________ _
G e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s — -------—
_____
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts _____ _______________
W age a d ju s t m e n t s -------------- --------------H o u r s of w o rk _______ ___ __ _________________
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s ____ __________ ___
U nion o r g a n i z a ti o n a n d s e c u r i t y _________ ___
J o b s e c u r i t y ------- __ __ -------------------------------P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n — _ -----------------------O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s -----„ _
I n te r u n io n o r in tr a u n io n m a t t e r s ____________
N o t r e p o r t e d __________________________________

724
203
7
5

12.7

130.5
58 .4
.5
2.3
-

3.9

2 , 4 2 7 .9

3.7

3
458

R e n e g o tia tio n of a g r e e m e n t ( e x p ir a tio n
o r re o p e n in g ) _____ ___________________________
G e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s ------------------------ —
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f its _ __________________
W age a d ju s t m e n t s ___ — _
____
____ __—
H o u r s of w o rk _____________ _
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s
_
_
__
U n ion o r g a n i z a ti o n a n d s e c u r i t y -----J o b s e c u r i t y — __
— __ _____ _
__
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n __ ____
_____ ___
____
____
O th e r w o rk in g c o n d itio n s
I n te r u n io n o r in tr a u n io n m a t t e r s N ot r e p o r t e d ___
— _
—
____ ____

2 ,9 1 6
2, 568
48
35
3
104
76
29
37
9
5

D u rin g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t (n e g o tia tio n of
new a g r e e m e n t n o t in v o lv e d )__ ____ __ _ —
G e n e ra l w age c h a n g e s —
_
_ _ _ _
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts —
—
W age a d ju s t m e n t s —
_
___
_____ ____
H o u r s of w o rk ___
— _ --- ------- ------_
__ _
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s __
U nion o r g a n i z a ti o n a n d s e c u r i t y _
___
- _
____
J o b s e c u r i t y — __ --------- --__ __
P la n t a d m in is tr a tio n O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s — ________________
I n te r u n io n o r in tr a u n io n m a t t e r s —
— __ -----N ot r e p o r t e d — ------ — _ __
No c o n tr a c t o r o t h e r c o n tr a c t s ta t u s
G e n e ra l w age c h a n g e s —
_
—
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts —
_ _
___
W age a d ju s t m e n t s - _
_
_
H o u r s of w o rk ____
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s U nion o r g a n i z a ti o n a n d s e c u r i t y ------------------J o b s e c u r i t y ___
— _
_
_
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t io n _ —
_ — ____
__ _
O th e r w o r k in g c o n d it i o n s - _
I n te r u n io n o r i n tr a u n io n m a t t e r s
N ot r e p o r t e d ___
_ __
_
_
No i n f o r m a tio n on c o n tr a c t s ta t u s 1

-

19
3
14

_
_

1

-

-

11

51 .0
-

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50 .8
3.1
1.4
.5
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1.0

2, 3 2 1.8
1 ,7 7 4 .7
62.8

-

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1.3
3 7 9.6
33.8
7.7
35.1
5.1
11.5

2

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8 2 8 .8

-

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70 .2
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129
840
158
546
9

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16.5
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_
_
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3, 6 6 3 .8
_

5.5

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9 0 5 .2
.6

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4 6 .7
142.3
1 ,4 1 3 .1
186.4
9 6 3 .8
5.8
105.2
58 .8
.1
.1
.1
_

6.0
.1

.3

8 8 .8

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

-

60, 128.0
35, 2 2 0 .8
4 6 9 .0
192.1
2 5 .0
18, 3 4 4 .0
4 ,8 4 7 .5
2 1 7 .0
2 8 5 .2
198.8
328.1
.3

7.7
2 9 .4
(1)
3 .0

L e s s th a n 100 w o r k e r s o r m a n - d a y s .

N O T E ; B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

845.1
5.7
36.3
-

_

-

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_
_
_
_
_
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_
_
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_
_

.1

T a b le A -7 . W o r k sto p pages by c o n tra c t status and size, 1 9 7 0
S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in y e a r
C o n t r a c t s ta t u s a n d s iz e of s to p p a g e
(n u m b e r of w o r k e r s in v o lv e d )

N um ber

P e rce n t

-----------------------------------------

5, 716

10 0 .0

6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ---- ----------------- --------------------------20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 --------— -----------------------------

769
2, 138
1, 316
725
387
316
31
34

13.5
37.4
23.0
12.7

724

12.7
3.7

A ll s to p p a g e s —

100 a n d u n d e r 250 --------------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500_____________ — ------------ —
500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 ------- -------------------------------1 , 00 0 a n d u n d e r 5, 0 0 0 —
-------------------------------5 ,0 0 0 a n d u n d e r 1 0 ,0 0 0 -----------------------------------1 0 , 00 0 a n d o v e r ________________________________
N e g o tia tio n of f i r s t a g r e e m e n t o r
u n io n r e c o g n itio n ---------------------------------------------6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ______________________________
20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 ------------------------------------------100 a n d u n d e r 250-----------------------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500-----------------------------------------500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 -------------------------------------1 ,0 0 0 a n d u n d e r 5 ,0 0 0 ---------------------------------5, 000 a n d u n d e r 10, 0 0 0 -------------------------------10 , 0 00 a n d o v e r _____________ _______________
R e n e g o tia tio n of a g r e e m e n t
( e x p ir a tio n o r r e o p e n i n g ) ---------------------- -----6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ----------------------------------------------20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 ---------------------------------- -----100 a n d u n d e r 250-----------------------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500-----------------------------------------500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 _________________________
1, 000 a n d u n d e r 5, 000— --------------------------5, 000 a n d u n d e r 1 0 ,0 0 0 -------------------------------1 0 , 0 00 a n d o v e r -------------------------------------------D u rin g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t ( n e g o tia tio n
of new a g r e e m e n t n o t in v o lv e d ) ______________
6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ----------------------------------------------20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 ------------------------------------------100 a n d u n d e r 250-----------------------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500-----------------------------------------500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 -------------------------------------1, 000 a n d u n d e r 5 ,0 0 0 ---------------------------------5, 000 a n d u n d e r 10, 0 0 0 -------------------------------1 0 , 0 00 a n d o v e r --------------------------------------------

M a n -d a y s id le d u r in g y e a r
( a ll s to p p a g e s )

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d

6.8

5.5
.5
.6

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )
3, 305

P ercen t
10 0 .0

9.2
107.9
207.5
248.1
26 4 .9
6 0 5 .7
2 0 9 .0
1 ,6 5 2 .9

0.3
3.3
6.3
7.5
8 .0

18.3
6.3
50 .0

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )
6 6 ,4 1 4

0.3
3.1
5.0
5.5
6 .7
16.3
9.8
5 3 .4

2 ,4 2 7 .9
8 1 .4
46 1 .2
4 0 9 .6
2 7 6 .9
189.4
457.1
146.5
4 0 6 .0

3.7

60, 128.0
73 .0
1 ,4 2 5 .6
2, 5 4 7 .3
2, 94 1 .2
3, 816.1
9, 2 5 8.5
6 , 000.0
3 4 ,0 6 6 .3

90 .5

5.5

13

.2

2
2

12 .0

.4

( )

33.0

1.0

2, 916
261
1 , 129
702
375
213
184
27
25

51.0
4 .6
19.8
12.3

2, 32 1 .8
3.2
5 8 .8
108.1
127.3
142.2
3 5 1.6
181.4
1 ,3 4 9 .1

7 0 .2

1,910

33 .4
4 .3
10.5

8 2 8 .8
2.9
30.0
81.1
104.4
105.6
2 1 8 .5
15.6
27 0 .7

25.1

8 .2

3, 6 6 3 .8
25.7
169.2
3 2 4.9
4 0 6.7
3 9 8 .3
1, 0 3 2 .4
3 3 8.9
9 6 7 .7

13.1
.5

.4
(l)
.1

105.2
2.9
15.1

344
93
38

6.0
1.6

.7
.4

21

246
598
491
303
149
114

6. 6

3.7
3.2
.5
.4

8 .6

5 .3

7

2. 6
2.0
( 1)
.1

N o c o n tr a c t o r o th e r c o n tr a c t s t a t u s --------------6 a n d u n d e r 20 --------------------------------------------------20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 --------------------------------100 a n d u n d e r 250___________________________
250 a n d u n d e r 500-----------------------------------------500 a n d u n d e r 1, 000-------------------------------------1 , 0 00 a n d u n d e r 5 , 0 0 0 ---------------------------------5, 000 a n d u n d e r 1 0 ,0 0 0 -------------------------------10 , 0 00 a n d o v e r _____________________________

112

2. 0

-

-

No in f o r m a tio n on c o n tr a c t s t a t u s --------------------6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ------------------------------------- -----20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 ------------------------------------------100 a n d u n d e r 250-----------------------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500__________________________
500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 -------------------------------------1, 000 a n d u n d e r 5 ,0 0 0 ---------------------------------5, 000 a n d u n d e r 10, 0 0 0 -------------------------------1 0 , 0 0 0 a n d o v e r _____________________________

54
13

.2

11 .0
.2

.4

.9

2

.

38
46
19
5

1

.8

.3
.1

2
2

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( 1)

-

2.2
2.6

1.7
1.4
4 .8
-

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21
11

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.1

4
2

C)

3

.1

-

-

3.9
.1

.5
.4
.4
.4
.8

.1
1.8

3.3
3.9
4 .3
10 .6

5.5
4 0 .8

.1

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2.5
3.2
3.2
6 .6

.5

.1
.1

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.1
-

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1.8
1.2

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(X
)
( 1)
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C)

1.4
5.6

( 1)

-

-

“

.2

"

L e s s th a n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .




1 0 0 .0

185.3
2, 0 8 3 .6
3, 309.0
3, 6 4 0 .4
4, 4 3 4 .2
1 0 ,8 3 5 .9
6 ,4 8 5 .5
3 5 ,4 4 0 .0

130.5
2.5
16.1
13.9
13.5
14.3
25.2

211

20

P ercen t

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

12.8

12.7
4 .8
56.9
_
-

.1

.7
.6

.4
.3
.7
.2
.6

.1
2.1

3.8
4 .4
5.7
13.9
9.0
5 1 .3

-

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.5
.6
.6
1.6

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1.5
.2

(*)
( 1)
(X
)
( 1)
( 1)
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8 8 .8

.1

2.3
12.5
14.3
3.0
25 .6
31.0
-

(*)

-

n
C)
C)
( 1)

(*)
-

T a b le A -8 . W o r k sto p p a g e s by m a jo r issue, 1 9 7 0
S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in y e a r

M a n -d a y s id le
d u r in g y e a r

W o rk e r s in v o lv e d

M a jo r i s s u e
N um ber

N um ber
(in
th o u sa n d s )

P ercen t

P e rce n t

N um ber
(in
th o u sa n d s )

P e rce n t

A ll i s s u e s ----------------------------------------------------

5 ,7 1 6

100. 0

3 ,3 0 5 .2

100. 0

6 6 ,4 1 3 . 8

100. 0

G e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s --------------------------------------G e n e r a l w age i n c r e a s e --------------------------------G e n e r a l w age i n c r e a s e p lu s s u p p le m e n ta r y
b e n e f i t s -------------------------------------------------------G e n e r a l w age i n c r e a s e , h o u r d e c r e a s e ____
G e n e r a l w a g e d e c r e a s e --------------------------------E s c a la t io n c o s t- o f - l iv i n g i n c r e a s e s ________
G e n e r a l w ag e i n c r e a s e a n d e s c a l a t i o n -------W a g es a n d w o rk in g c o n d itio n s ______________
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts _________________________
P e n s io n s , i n s u r a n c e , a n d o t h e r w e lf a r e
p r o g r a m s ___________________________________
S e v e r a n c e o r d i s m i s s a l p ay ; o th e r
p a y m e n ts on la y o ff o r s e p a r a t i o n -------------P r e m i u m p a y ________________________________
O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------W age a d ju s t m e n t s ----------------------------------------------I n c e n tiv e p a y r a t e s o r a d m i n i s t r a t i o n --------J o b c la s s if i c a t io n o r r a t e s --------------------------D o w n g ra d in g _________________________________
R e t r o a c t i v i t y ------------------------------------------------M e th o d of c o m p u tin g p a y ------------------------------H o u rs of w o r k ___________________________________
I n c r e a s e --------------------------------------------------------D e c r e a s e -------------------------------------------------------O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s --------------------------------D u r a tio n of c o n tr a c t -------------------------------------L o c a l i s s u e s s u p p le m e n tin g n a tio n a l
c o n tr a c t ____________________________________
U n s p e c if i e d __________________________________
U nion o r g a n iz a tio n a n d s e c u r i t y ----------------------R e c o g n itio n ( c e r ti f ic a ti o n ) ---------------------------R e c o g n itio n a n d jo b s e c u r i ty i s s u e s -----------R e c o g n itio n a nd e c o n o m ic i s s u e s ----------------S tre n g th e n in g b a rg a in in g p o s itio n o r
u n io n s h o p a n d e c o n o m ic i s s u e s ---------------U nion s e c u r i t y ----------------------------------------------R e f u s a l to s ig n a g r e e m e n t ---------------------------O th e r u n io n o r g a n iz a tio n m a t t e r s ---------------J o b s e c u r i t y ____________________________________
S e n io r ity a n d / o r l a y o f f --------------------------------D iv is io n o f w o rk -------------------------------------------S u b c o n t r a c ti n g ______________________________
N ew m a c h i n e r y o r o th e r t e c h n o lo g ic a l
i s s u e s ______________________________________
J o b t r a n s f e r s , b u m p in g , e t c ________________
T r a n s f e r of o p e r a t io n s o r p r e f a b r i c a t e d
g o o d s ----------------------------------------------------------O t h e r ________________________________________
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n -----------------------------------------P h y s i c a l f a c i l i t i e s , s u r r o u n d i n g s , e tc -------S a fe ty m e a s u r e s , d a n g e ro u s
e q u ip m e n t, e tc -------------------------------------------S u p e r v is i o n __________________________________
S h ift w o r k ___________________________________
W o rk a s s i g n m e n t s ----------------------------------------S p e e d u p (w o rk lo a d )----------------------------------------W o rk r u l e s _____________________________ - ____
O v e r tim e w o r k ______________________________
D i s c h a r g e a n d d i s c i p li n e ------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s ---------------------------------A r b i t r a t i o n ___________________________________
G r ie v a n c e p r o c e d u r e s ------------------------ ---------U n s p e c if ie d c o n tr a c t v i o l a t i o n s ------------------I n te r u n io n o r in tr a u n io n m a t t e r s ---------------------U nion r i v a l r y 2 ----------------------------------------------J u ris d ic tio n -re p re s e n ta tio n
of w o r k e r s 3________________________________
J u r i s d i c t i o n a l - w o r k a s s i g n m e n t -----------------U nion a d m i n i s t r a t io n 4 ______________________
S y m p a th y -------------------------------------------------------O t h e r -------------------------------------------------------------N o t r e p o r t e d --------------------------------------------------------

2 ,8 5 1
945

49. 9
16. 5

1 ,8 4 3 . 0
635. 5

55. 8
19- 2

3 6 ,1 5 9 . 1
8 ,2 1 4 . 2

54. 4
12. 4

1 ,4 6 9
37

826. 9
5. 3

25. 0
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11. 1
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1 6 ,8 5 3 . 3
135. 7

2 5 .4
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18
17
365
56

25. 7
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34

.6

59. 7

1.8

422. 6

.6

2
2
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2. 5
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239. 5
15. 6
27. 1
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587
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44. 4
47. 6
110. 8
191. 0
7 4. 5
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429. 3
418. 3
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283. 3
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427.
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1 L e s s th a n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
2 In c lu d e s d is p u te s b e tw e e n u n io n s of d i f f e r e n t a ff ilia tio n , s u c h a s t h o s e of A F L -C IO a f f i li a te s a n d in d e p e n d e n t o r g a n i z a ti o n s .
3 In c lu d e s d is p u te s b e tw e e n u n io n s , u s u a lly o f th e s a m e a ff ilia tio n o r 2 lo c a ls of th e s a m e u n io n , o v e r r e p r e s e n t a t i o n of

w o rk e rs.
4 In c lu d e s d is p u te s w ith in a u n io n o v e r th e a d m i n i s t r a t io n of u n io n a f f a ir s o r r e g u l a ti o n s .
NOTE:

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .




21

T a b le A -9 . W o r k sto p p a g e s by m a jo r issue and n u m b e r of w o rk e rs involved, 1 9 7 0
N u m b e r of s to p p a g e s
M a jo r i s s u e

6 -1 9
w o rk ers

T o ta l
T o t a l ---------------------------------------G e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e ____________
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts , no
g e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e ___________
W age a d ju s t m e n t s __________________
H o u r s of w o rk ______________________
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s -------------U nion o r g a n iz a tio n a n d s e c u r i t y ___
J o b s e c u r i t y ________________________
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n _______________
O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s ---------------I n te r u n io n o r in tr a u n io n
m a t t e r s ___________________________
N ot r e p o r t e d ________________________

2 0 -9 9
w o rk ers

1 0 0 -249
w o rk ers

2 5 0 -4 9 9
w o rk e rs

5 0 0 -9 9 9
w o rk ers

1 ,0 0 0 - 4 ,9 9 9
w o rk ers

5 ,0 0 0 - 9 ,9 9 9
w o rk e rs

10,000

w o rk e rs
and ov er

5, 716

769

2, 138

1, 316

■725

387

316

31

34

2, 851

292

1 , 128

667

349

201

166

25

22

56
219

10

22

11

6

2

5

24

70
2

22
1

107
587
170
921
175

15
159

86

32
27
184
37

6
10
60
10

1

70
14

43
281
45
247
50

14
_
7
19
19
76
14

1
2

2

56
26

31

6

_
_
_

3
_
4

566
58

158
13

224
26

46
4

35
-

25
4

3
-

12

57
279
49
74
11

1
8

7

_

_
1
1

_

1

1

-

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d (in t h o u s a n d s )
T o t a l __________________________
G e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e ------------------S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts , no
g e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e ____________
W age a d ju s t m e n t s ---------------------------H o u r s of w o rk ______________________
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s _________
U n io n o r g a n iz a tio n a n d s e c u r i t y ___
J o b s e c u r i t y ____________ __________
P la n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n _______________
O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s __________
I n te r u n io n o r in tr a u n io n
m a t t e r s ----------------------- ---------------N ot r e p o r t e d ___ __________
______

3 ,3 0 5

9 .2

107.9

207.5

248.1

264.9

6 0 5 .7

2 0 9 .0

1 ,6 5 2 .9

1, 8 4 3 .0

3.6

58 .2

1 02 .1

118.4

133.2

32 2 .8

166.7

9 3 7 .7

63 .1
23 9 .5
1.4
3 7 9 .8
105.7
5 1 .4
4 0 0 .8
59.3

.1

1.4
3 .7
.1

1.7
8.9
4 .3

2.0

1.3
9.9
5.5
13.0

6.9
4 0 .0

-

1.0

-

149.4
11.9

.3
(M

.2

2.0

1.9
.2

13.1
2.3
14.0
2 .7

1.7

9 .5

.2

1.1

.1

.9

12 .8

9 .7
4 6 .2
8.3

10.5
.3
2 .7
10.9
9 .4
6 4 .3

5.2
9.5

5 0 .0
166.2
35 4 .7
3 6 .0
88.3
_

12 .6

10.1

15.8

1 1 .8
1.8

10.4
12.9
17.1
122.7
19.3

24.3
-

4 4 .9
7.6

21 .4
~

20.0

1.2

12 .8

54.9

6.2

-

M a n -d a y s id le (in th o u s a n d s )
T o t a l _ ______________________
G e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e ------------------S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts , no
g e n e r a l w a g e i n c r e a s e -----------------W age a d ju s t m e n t s ---------------------------H o u r s of w o r k ___________ _________
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s _________
U n io n o r g a n iz a tio n a n d s e c u r i t y ___
Jo b s e c u rity
. _
. ___
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n --------------- ----O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s ---------------I n te r u n io n o r i n tr a u n io n
m a tte rs

N ot r e p o r t e d ------------------------------------1

185.3

2 ,0 8 3 .6

3 ,3 0 9 .0

3 ,6 4 0 .4

4 ,4 3 4 .2

1 0 ,8 3 5 .9

6 ,4 8 5 .5

3 5 ,4 4 0 .0

3 6 ,1 5 9 .1

81 .8

1 ,3 7 2 .8

2 ,3 3 6 .5

2 ,7 4 3 .4

3 ,3 2 2 .6

8 , 517.6

5 ,5 5 2 .3

12, 2 3 0.5

4 7 3 .3
1, 130.2
2 5 .7
1 8 ,3 4 6 .7
6 , 107.3
3 7 5 .8
1 ,7 1 8 .7
4 1 8 .3

4 .0

18.4
3 7 .9

3 0 .0
103.5

.3
4 .3
61.1
4 .2

9 .2
51.6
130.5
4 0 3 .6
72.9
197.2
4 2 .9

57.3
186.2
77.1
2 5 9.6
5 9 .2

2 4 .7
75.0
73.3
35 5 .0
80 .0
31 3 .0
9 5 .0

138.5
213.1
16.0
157.9
2 7 8 .7
114.2
6 7 5 .6
190.2

2 7 5.6

2 5 0 .0
6 4 7 .4
_
17, 8 4 0 .0
4 ,1 5 0 .5

25.1
12.4

152.7

1 ,5 7 7 .4
8 1 .2

14.8
1.7

4 8 .6
15.9

112.7
3 .0

95 .5

4 5 4 .5
4 9 .5

620.0

168.9

6 6 ,4 1 4

1.6

10.1

1.3

.8

53 .5
3 9 6 .7
2 7 .4
85.5
17.3
62 .3
1 1 .0

8. 6

F e w e r th a n 100.

NOTE:

B ecau se

o f r o u n d in g ,




su m s

o f in d iv id u a l it e m s

m a y n ot e q u a l t o t a ls .

22

D ashes

d en o te

zero s.

-

T a b le A -1 0 . W o r k sto p p a g e s by industry, 1 9 7 0
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
S to p p a g e s
In d u stry

M e an
d u ra tio n 1

N um ber

A ll i n d u s t r i e s —

----

M a n -d a y s idLe d u r in g y e a r
(clll StOip p ag es)
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

N um ber

P e r c e n t of
t o ta l w o rk in g
tim e

--------------------------------------

a 5 ,7 16

28.8

3, 305

6 6 ,4 1 4

M a n u fa c tu r in g — ----------------------------------------------------

2 2, 481

46 .9

1, 128.1

3 8 ,0 0 6 .4

0.77

O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ____________________________
G uns, h o w itz e rs , m o r t a r s , and r e la te d
e q u ip m e n t -------------------------------------------------------------A m m u n itio n , e x c e p t f o r s m a l l a r m s --------------------T a n k s , a n d ta n k c o m p o n e n ts ---------------------------------S ig h tin g a n d f i r e c o n tr o l e q u ip m e n t----------------------S m a ll a r m s -------------------------------------------------------------S m a ll a r m s a m m u n itio n -----------------------------------------O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s n o t e ls e w h e r e
c l a s s i f i e d _________________________________________

8

20.0

7 .4

103.6

0.16

i
-

17.6
27.0
-

6.7
.5
-

8 3 .3
-

1

12 2 .0

.1

10.3

28.1
50.1

50 .8
9.9
4 .7

98 5 .5
3 0 1.8
4 0 .8

5.1

6

F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c ts ---------------------------------------M e a t p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------ ------D a ir y p r o d u c t s ------------------------ ----------------------------C a n n e d a n d p r e s e r v e d f r u i t s , v e g e ta b l e s ,
a n d s e a fo o d s ----------------- ------------------------------------G r a in m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------------B a k e r y p r o d u c ts — — ----- -------------------------------S u g a r -----------------------------------------------------------------------C o n f e c tio n e ry a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------B e v e r a g e s . ______________________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s fo o d p r e p a r a ti o n s a n d
k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------

212

T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s -------- -----------------------------C i g a r e t t e s __________________________________________
C i g a r s ----------------------------------------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s ------------ ------- ------------------------B ro a d w o v e n f a b r i c m i l l s , c o tto n -------------------------B ro a d w o v e n f a b r i c m i l l s , m a n - m a d e ---- ----------F i b e r a n d s ilk - ------------------------------------------------B ro a d w o v e n f a b r i c m i l l s , w ool in c lu d in g
d y e in g a n d f in i s h in g ---------------- --------------------------N a r r o w f a b r i c s a n d o th e r s m a l lw a r e s m i l l s :
C o tto n , w o o l, s ilk , a n d m a n - m a d e f i b e r -----------K n ittin g m i l l s — -----------------'--------------------------------D y ein g a n d f in is h in g t e x t i l e s , e x c e p t w ool
f a b r i c s a n d k n it g o o d s ___________________________
F l o o r c o v e rin g m i l l s ----------------------------------------------Y a r n a n d th r e a d m i l l s _____________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s te x t i le g o o d s _______________________
A p p a r e l a n d o th e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e f r o m
f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s _____________________
M e n 's , y o u t h s ', a n d b o y s ' s u it s , c o a ts , a n d
o v e r c o a t s _________________________________________
M e n 's , y o u th s ’ , a n d b o y s ' f u r n i s h in g s , w o rk
c lo th in g , a n d a ll i e d g a r m e n t s ----------------------------W o m e n 's , m i s s e s ', a n d j u n i o r s ' o u t e r w e a r --------W o m e n 's , m i s s e s ', c h i l d r e n 's , a n d i n f a n ts '
u n d e r g a r m e n t s -----------------------------------------------------H a ts , c a p s , a n d m i l l i n e r y -------------------------------------G i r l s ', c h i l d r e n 's , a n d in f a n t s ' o u t e r w e a r ------- F u r go o d s -------------------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s a p p a r e l a n d a c c e s s o r i e s --------------M is c e lla n e o u s f a b r i c a t e d te x t i le p r o d u c t s ------------

42
23

•

17
24
27
4
5
45

12 .8

12.4
14.8

0.37

10.0

-

17.6

1.4
6 .3

4 7 .3
91.2
92 .3
127.5
22.7
73.6

25

36.0

6.2

188.3

3

6.2
6. 1

3.7
3.7
(3 )

15.5
14.9

8 .2

151.2
2 .4

1

25.8
3.4
28.0

6

50.5

.8

23.1

14

24 5 .0
4 5 .3

1.4

4 4 .3

1
6

1.0

.1
2.1

.1
10 .2

3.0

.22

6 5 .4

2 0 .0

68 .9
22.6

2
1

17.0

43
4

8.0
6 .6
2 .6

.8
.1

.08

.6

.06

2.1

4 3 .7

11

6.7
30.3

80

21 .4

8.7

1 6 2 .6

2

7.1

.5

2.8

17
38

2 3 .4
24 .6

3.1
2 .6

72.8
46.1

9
3

14.4
83.7
44 .8
11.3

1.5
-

24 .9
-

.2

10.1
.8

-

2

8 .0

5
4

( 3)
.4
.3

.05

3.4
1.8

L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t f u r n i t u r e ---------L o g g in g c a m p s a n d lo g g in g c o n t r a c t o r s --------------S a w m ills a n d p la n in g m i l l s -------------- ------------------M illw o r k , v e n e e r , p ly w o o d , a n d p r e f a b r ic a te d
s t r u c t u r a l w ood p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------W ooden c o n ta i n e r s -------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s w ood p r o d u c ts — ---------------------------

63
3
15

59 .0
35.2
4 6 .8

8 .8
.2
2 .8

3 0 6 .3
4 .3
58 .3

35

4 7 .3
116.0
89.7

3.6
2 .2

106.1
5 1.9
135.6

F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ------------------------------------------------H o u s e h o ld f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------------------------O ffic e f u r n i tu r e - ---------------------------------------------------P u b lic b u ild in g s a n d r e l a t e d f u r n i t u r e -----------------P a r t i t i o n s , s h e lv in g , l o c k e r s , a n d o ffic e
a n d s to r e f i x t u r e s ------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s f u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s --------------------

85
47
14

-

10

-

22.6

2

25.2
25.7
17.3
25.1

19
3

4 3 .2
13.8

1.9

60.1

.8

8.2

P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------P u l p m i ll s -----------------------------------------------------------------P u l p m i ll s , e x c e p t b u ild in g p a p e r m i l l s -----------------P a p e r b o a r d m i l l s ---------------------------------------------------C o n v e r te d p a p e r a n d p a p e r b o a r d --------------------------P r o d u c ts , e x c e p t c o n ta i n e r s a n d b o x e s ___________
P a p e r b o a r d c o n ta i n e r s a n d b o x e s ________________
B u ild in g p a p e r a n d b u ild in g b o a r d m i l l s ---------------

129
4
30

25.3
10.7
40 .6
26 .0
20 .3
16.4
17.5

37.7
1.9
12.5

7 6 3 .5
14.7
3 7 6.0
83 .7
-

P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s --------------N e w s p a p e r s : P u b lis h in g a n d p r in tin g ------------------P e r i o d i c a l s : P u b lis h in g a n d p r i n t i n g ------------------B o o k s-----------------------------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s p u b l is h in g ---------------------------- -------C o m m e r c ia l p r in tin g -----------------------------------------------

92

33.3
4 0 .4
28.9
16.4

22.8

2

10.1

42

32.5

.6
10.1

.21

11

26
51
7

20

3
4

See f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b l e .




23

15.5
3.7
.7

2 .0

7.3
11.7
2 .3
7.0
3.0
.5

4 0 9 .2
2 8 3.9
4 5 .0

.35

1 2. 0

.42

1 1 2 .0

145.7
31.3
4 1 4 .5
149.6
13.8
8 .9
4 .7
2 0 3 .4

.15

T a b le A -1 0 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by industry, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin ued
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
S to p p ag e s
In d u stry
N um ber

M ean
d u r a tio n 1

M a n -d a y s id le d u r in g y e a r
( a ll s to p p a g e s )
W o rk e rs
in v o lv e d

N um ber

P e r c e n t of
to ta l w o rk in g
tim e

M a n u fa c tu r in g — C o n tin u e d
P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d
i n d u s t r i e s — C o n tin u e d
M a n ifo ld b u s in e s s f o r m s - ________________________ G r e e tin g c a r d p u b lis h in g ---------------------- -----------------B la n k b o o k s , lo o s e l e a f b i n d e r s a n d
b o o k b in d in g w o rk — ----------------------------------------------S e r v ic e i n d u s t r i e s f o r th e p r in tin g t r a d e -----------------

31.6
35.2

8
2

0.7
.2

16.7
5 .6

7
4

17.5
6 0 .3

.1

5.1

150
63

4 5 .8
47.1

38.0
15.5

1 ,3 3 6 .5
6 2 8.5

27
7

24.2
94.9

6 .3
3.9

112.9
2 7 5 .9

7

22 .3

1.2

15.2

16
2

2.0

53.1

5
23

3 9 .4
24 .9
9 2 .0
28.6

.5
1.5
7.2

94 .8
145.4

P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g -------------------------------------------------P a v in g a n d ro o fin g m a t e r i a l s ----------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s p r o d u c ts of p e tr o l e u m a n d c o a l -------

17
7
7
3

16.7
16.4
17.1
16.7

1.7
.7
.9

R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s --------------T i r e s a n d i n n e r tu b e s _______________________________
R u b b e r f o o tw e a r _____________________________________
R e c la im e d r u b b e r -----------------------------------------------------F a b r i c a t e d r u b b e r p r o d u c ts n o t e ls e w h e r e
c l a s s i f i e d ----------------------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s p l a s t ic s p r o d u c t s ------------------------------

2 132

2

4 4 .9
47.1
38.9
61 .0

40
55

L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s __________________________
L e a th e r ta n n in g a n d f in is h in g --------------------------------I n d u s t r ia l l e a t h e r b e ltin g a n d p a c k in g - ----------------B o o t a n d sh o e c u t s to c k a n d f in d i n g s ----------------------F o o tw e a r , e x c e p t r u b b e r -----------------------------------------L e a th e r g lo v e s a n d m i t t e n s -------------------------------------L u g g a g e ---------------------------------------------------------------------H a n d b a g s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l l e a t h e r g o o d s -----------L e a th e r g oods n o t e l s e w h e r e c l a s s i f i e d ____________

21

1
1

12 0 .0

.1

3.0

(3)

S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------F l a t g l a s s ------------------------------------------------------------------G la s s a n d g l a s s w a r e , p r e s s e d o r b lo w n -----------------G la s s p r o d u c t s , m a d e f r o m p u r c h a s e d g l a s s --------C e m e n t, h y d r a u l i c ---- ---------------------------------------------S t r u c t u r a l c la y p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------P o t t e r y a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------C o n c r e te , g y p s u m , a n d p l a s t e r p r o d u c t s --------------C ut s to n e a n d s to n e p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------A b r a s iv e s , a s b e s t o s , a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s
n o n m e ta llic m i n e r a l p r o d u c t s --------------------------------

164
7
7

32.8
7.0
1.5
.3
3.7

83 0 .0
79.6
15.6

78
7

28.5
25.0
14.3
56 .9
2 6 .4
29.9
30.5
25.7

2 .2
11 .0

46 .6
4 4 3 .3
6 1 .6

30

39.3

3.6

1 1 0 .6

P r i m a r y m p fa l i ndii < t r i e s
3
....
B la s t f u r n a c e s , s te e l w o r k s , a n d r o llin g
a n d f in is h in g m i l l s _________________________________
I r o n a n d s te e l f o u n d r i e s -------------------------------------------P r i m a r y s m e ltin g a n d r e f in in g of
n o n f e r r o u s m e t a ls ------------------------------------------------S e c o n d a ry s m e ltin g a n d r e f in in g of
n o n f e r r o u s m e t a l s -------------------------------------------------R o llin g , d r a w in g , a n d e x tr u d in g of
n o n f e r r o u s m e t a l s -------------------------------------------------N o n f e r ro u s f o u n d r i e s -----------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s p r i m a r y m e t a l p r o d u c t s -------------------

2 214

31.2

81 .0

2, 30 0 .3

68

11.1

21.0

202.8

54

4 8 .3

30.5

1, 3 4 9.2

14

9.9

10 .0

54 .0

12

5 7 .4

2 .4

104.7

28

90.2
28.8

5 .4
5 .4

2 1 .1

6.2

2 5 3 .0
152.7
183.9

2 8 .4
26.9
19.6

117.5

9
27

13.3

3, 4 4 4 .2
4 1 .2
4 2 6 .7

17
130

38.6
24.5

5.0
37.5

156.1
5 6 2 .7

11

26.0
13.3
17.4
41 .0
45.5

3 .4
34.9

53 .2
1 ,5 5 8 .0
30.3
82.5
5 3 3 .4

43 .7
87.9
19.7

118.5
22.5

17
49
49
41

22.8

16.3

58 .2
46 .6

8.7

C h e m ic a ls a nd a ll i e d p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------I n d u s t r i a l in o r g a n ic a n d o r g a n ic c h e m i c a l s -----------P l a s t i c s m a t e r i a l s a n d s y n th e tic r e s i n s , s y n th e tic
r u b b e r , a n d o th e r m a n - m a d e f i b e r s ,
D r u g s . ---------------------------------------------------------------------S oap, d e te r g e n ts a n d c le a n in g p r e p a r a t i o n s ,
p e r f u m e s , c o s m e t ic s , a n d o t h e r t o ile t
p r e p a r a t i o n s -----------------------------------------------------------P a i n ts , v a r n i s h e s , l a c q u e r s , e n a m e l s , a n d
a ll i e d p r o d u c t s _____________________________________
G um a n d w ood c h e m i c a l s ------------------------ -------------A g r i c u l t u r a l c h e m i c a l s --------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s c h e m ic a l p r o d u c t s ----------------------------

F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , e x c ep t o rd n an c e ,
m a c h i n e r y , a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ----------------M e ta l c a n s ----------------------------------------------------------------C u t le r y , h a n d to o ls , a n d g e n e r a l h a r d w a r e ------------H e a tin g a p p a r a t u s ( e x c e p t e l e c t r i c ) a n d
p lu m b in g f i x t u r e s ------------------------------------------------ 'Fak-rieatpH s t r i i r t n r a l m e ta l p rn d iirt.s
S c r e w m a c h in e p r o d u c t s , b o l ts , n u ts ,
s c r e w s , a n d r i v e t s ------------------------------------------------M e ta l s ta m p in g s _____________________________________
C o a tin g , e n g ra v in g , a n d a l l i e d s e r v i c e s ---- ------------M is c e lla n e o u s f a b r i c a t e d w ir e p r o d u c t s -----------------M is c e lla n e o u s f a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s --------------M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __________________________
FrUginep and tirrh-jnpR
.....
F a r m m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u ip m e n t -----------------------------C o n s tr u c tio n , m in in g , a n d m a t e r i a l h a n d lin g
m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u ip m e n t--------------------------------------M e ta lw o rk in g m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u ip m e n t-----------------S p e c ia l i n d u s t r y m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u ip m e n t-------------

6 .6

0 .5 0

10 .8

2, 322.7
1 ,6 0 6 .9

1.60

2 0 .4

5 2 9 .4
J.56.6

4 .8
.4
(3 )
4.2

-

-

81 .3
54 .0
.4
.5

8 .0
6. 6

-

.06

13.2
30.5
-

4
i
14

27 .3
8.5
17.4
1.4

38.9
4 3 .7

33
3

-

-

2

25
8

21
20

2 323

26
22

23
60
2 292
21

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




.5

24

.1

6.0

-

3.6

2.2

2 .8
2.8

15.8

6.1

8 .0

11 .2

18.7

59 .8
8.7

.07

-

.2

39.6
_
11.3
(3)
.51

6.2
66.6

3, 6 0 2 .9
1, 130.9
80 .0
3 3 1 .4
3 4 1.9
2 5 2 .0

.69

.97

.72

T a b le A -1 0 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by industry , 1 9 7 0 ---- C o n tin ued
( W o r k e r s and m a n - d a y s in t h ou s a n d s )

S to p p a g e s
In d u stry

N um ber

M e an
d u r a tio n 1

M a n -d a y s idlie d u r in g y e a r
:o p p ag e s)
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

N um ber

P e r c e n t of
to ta l w o rk in g
tim e

M a n u fa c tu r in g — C o n tin u e d
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----C o n tin u e d
G e n e r a l i n d u s t r i a l m a c h i n e r y a n d e q u ip m e n t ---O ffic e , c o m p u tin g , a n d a c c o u n tin g m a c h i n e s -------S e r v ic e i n d u s t r y m a c h i n e s ---- — -----------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l --------

53
5
34
27

21.3
42 .9
37.1
56.0

28.0
1.9
25.0
2. 0

6 6 3 .3
50 .3
661.1
91 .9

E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d s u p p l i e s -------E l e c t r i c t r a n s m i s s i o n a n d d i s t r ib u t io n
e q u ip m e n t------------ -----------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c a l i n d u s t r i a l a p p a r a t u s -------------- -----------H o u s e h o ld a p p l i a n c e s ----------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c lig h tin g a n d w ir in g e q u ip m e n t -------- -----R a d io a n d te l e v is i o n r e c e i v in g s e t s , e x c e p t
c o m m u n ic a tio n t y p e s ----- ------------- ------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n e q u ip m e n t------------ ----------------------E l e c t r o n ic c o m p o n e n ts a n d a c c e s s o r i e s --------------M is c e lla n e o u s e l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y , e q u ip m e n t,
a n d s u p p l i e s _________ ____________________________

2 191

78.7

133.2

6 ,2 0 8 .1

50
28
19
30

69.3
101.3
74.2
6 6 .3

15.2
7.7
30.9

51 0 .3
65 7 .3
1 , 333.9
358.3

6
20
20

82 .2
82.8
74.0

11 .6

22

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t -----------------------------------------M o to r v e h ic le s a n d m o to r v e h ic le e q u ip m e n t —
A i r c r a f t a n d p a r t s ---------------------------------------------------S hip a n d b o a tb u ild in g a n d r e p a i r i n g — -------- ----R a ilr o a d e q u ip m e n t------------------ ----------------------------M o to r c y c le s , b i c y c l e s , a n d p a r t s ------------ -----------M is c e lla n e o u s t r a n s p o r t a ti o n e q u ip m e n t------------ _

2 158
100
12
22

10.1

P r o f e s s io n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s ------- ------------ --------------E n g in e e r in g , l a b o r a to r y , a n d s c ie n tif ic
a n d r e s e a r c h i n s t r u m e n t s a n d a s s o c i a te d
e q u ip m e n t-------------------------------- ---------------------------I n s t r u m e n t s f o r m e a s u r in g , c o n tr o llin g ,
a n d in d ic a tin g p h y s ic a l c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s --------------O p tic a l i n s t r u m e n t s a n d l e n s e s -----------------------------S u r g ic a l, m e d i c a l, a n d d e n ta l i n s t r u m e n t s
a n d s u p p l i e s ------------ ---------------------- -----------------O p h th a lm ic g o o d s ___ __ _____ ___________________
P h o to g ra p h ic e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p lie s ------------ ---W a tc h e s , c lo c k s , c lo c k w o rk o p e r a te d d e v ic e s
a n d p a r t s ---------------------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ----------------------J e w e lr y , s i l v e r w a r e , a n d p la te d w a r e ----------------------- M u s ic a l i n s t r u m e n t s ----------------- —
T o y s , a m u s e m e n t , s p o r tin g a n d a th l e ti c g o o d s ---P e n s , p e n c il s , a n d o t h e r o ffic e an d
a r t i s t s ' m a t e r i a l s ---------------- -------------- -------------C o s tu m e je w e lr y , c o s tu m e n o v e lt i e s ,
b u tto n s , a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s n o tio n s ,
e x c e p t p r e c io u s m e t a ls - - ---------------------- -----------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s — ----- -----N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g

--------------

-----

10.0

27.6
18.1

5 9 2.2
1, 397.8
8 6 1 .9

59.1

12.1

4 9 6 .4

326.8
296.1

19

48.1
19.3
104.6
22.5
76.3
46.5

14, 0 3 3.9
12, 8 5 3.7
55 2 .5
2 2 8.2
332.7
-

31

47 .5

1.27

6

6.8

14.3
7.8
• 1.7

3.02

66.8

2 2 3.3

5

8 2 .4

1.3

70.3

12
2

12 .6

6.0
.2

54 .0
1.5

7

2.3

55.7

.1

3

35.1
22 .4
5.0

.1 0

1.1
1.1

2

13.4

.3

4 39.6

"

1 2 2 .0

73
4
5
13

37.1
41.1
39.1
31.1

11.7
.5
.9
3.1

305.5
15.8
2 2 .4
70.5

3

4 3 .4

1.0

29.7

3
45

19.9
38.8

.1
6 .0

164.9

.28

2.1

---------------------

2 3, 240

21.0

2, 177.1

28, 4 0 7 .4

0 .2 1

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s --------------------------A g r i c u l t u r a l p r o d u c tio n -----------------------------------------A g r i c u l t u r a l s e r v i c e s a n d h u n tin g a n d
t r a p p in g ------------------------------------------------------------------F o r e s t r y ------------------------------------------------------------- —
F i s h e r i e s ------------------------------------------------------------------M in in g ----------------------------------------------------------------------------M e ta l m in i n g ------------------------------------------------------------I r o n o r e s ________________________________________
C o p p e r o r e s ----------------------------------------------- ------L e a d a n d z in c o r e s ______________________________
G old a n d s i l v e r o r e s ____________________________
B a u x ite a n d a lu m in u m o r e s _____________________
F e r r o a l l o y o r e s e x c e p t v a n a d iu m --------------------M e ta l m in in g s e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m e t a l o r e s --------------------------------A n th r a c ite m in in g ---------------------------------------------------B itu m in o u s c o a l a n d l i g n i t e ------------------------------------C ru d e , p e tr o l e u m a n d n a tu r a l g a s ---------------------------C r u d e p e tr o l e u m a n d n a tu r a l g a s ----------------------N a tu r a l g a s l i q u i d s --------------------------------------------O il a n d g a s f ie ld s e r v i c e s _____________________
M ining a n d q u a r r y i n g of n o n m e ta llic
m i n e r a l s , e x c e p t f u e l s -----------------------------------------D im e n s io n s to n e --------------------------------------------------C r u s h e d a n d b r o k e n s to n e ,
in c lu d in g r i p r a p -----------------------------------------------Sand a n d g r a v e l ---------------------------------------------------C la y , c e r a m i c , a n d r e f r a c t o r y m i n e r a l s --------C h e m ic a l a n d f e r t i l i z e r m i n e r a l m in in g -----------N o n m e ta llic m i n e r a l s ( e x c e p t
fu e ls ) s e r v i c e s -------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s n o n m e ta llic m i n e r a l s ,
e x c e p t f u e l s -------------------------------------------------------

27

33.6
34.5

11 .2

2 5 0 .3
24 7 .3

0.09

22

11 .2

-

-

-

1

8 .0

.2

1.2

544
5
4

9.0
4 .8
1.3
14.6

8 4 9 .6
14.9
3.2

1

1.0

-

-

2 1 1 .4
4 .0
2.5
.7
.5
-

12

30.0

1
1

20.0

3
500

.2

-

37.5
-

3.8
-

11

18.3
48.1
16.5

.6
2.1

6

-

-

2

54.9

25

.5
-

105.1
-

1

9
-

8 .0

3.7
3.7

28
-

1

-

1.8

1.5
1.7
11.4
6 2 7 .0
91.3
91 .3

.1
.1

10.3
7 .4
70.0
70.0

See fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




10.7

4
-

1.3
1 9 8 .6

.9

8.1

71 .6
16.8

-

-

.2

8 .6

.5 4

T a b le A -1 0 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by industry, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin u e d
( W o r k e r s and m a n - d a y s i n t h o u s a n d s )

S to p p a g e s
I n d u stry
N um ber

M ean
d u r a tio n 1

M a n -d a y s id l e d u r in g y e a r
( a l l stc >ppages)
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

N um ber

P e r c e n t of
to ta l w o rk in g
tim e

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — C o n tin u e d
C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n -

----------------------------------------------

T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c , g a s ,
a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------R a i lr o a d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n — --------------------------------------R a i lr o a d s ________________________________________
S le e p in g c a r a n d o th e r p a s s e n g e r
c a r s e r v i c e -----------------------------------------------------R a ilw a y e x p r e s s s e r v i c e ------------------------------------L o c a l a n d s u b u rb a n t r a n s i t a n d i n te r u r b a n
h ig h w a y p a s s e n g e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n -----------------------L o c a l a n d s u b u rb a n p a s s e n g e r
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------T a x ic a b s --------------------------------------------------------------I n t e r c i t y a n d r u r a l h ig h w a y
p a s s e n g e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n -------------------------------P a s s e n g e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n c h a r t e r s e r v i c e ------S c h o o l b u s e s ----------------------------------------- -----------T e r m i n a l a n d s e r v i c e f a c i l i t i e s fo r m o to r
v e h ic le s p a s s e n g e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ____________
M o to r f r e i g h t t r a n s p o r t a t i o n a n d
w a r e h o u s in g __________________ _________________
T r u c k in g , l o c a l a n d lo n g d i s t a n c e ---------------------P u b lic w a r e h o u s i n g -------------------------------------------T e r m i n a l a n d j o in t t e r m i n a l
m a in te n a n c e f a c i l i t i e s f o r m o to r
f r e i g h t t r a n s p o r t a t i o n __________________________
W a te r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n -----------------------------------------------D e e p s e a f o r e ig n t r a n s p o r t a t i o n -----------------------D e e p s e a d o m e s tic t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ---------------------G re a t L akes—
St. L a w r e n c e S eaw ay
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n on r i v e r s a n d c a n a l s ----------------L o c a l w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n --------------------------------S e r v ic e s i n c id e n ta l to w a t e r
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n b y a i r ----------------------------------------------A ir t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c e r t i f i c a t e d
c a r r i e r s ------------------------------------------------------------A ir t r a n s p o r t a t i o n , n o n c e r t if i c a t e d
c a r r i e r s ------------------------------------------------------------F ix e d f a c i l i t i e s a n d s e r v i c e s r e l a t e d
to a i r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ----------------------------------------P i p e lin e t r a n s p o r t a t i o n -------------------------------------------P i p e li n e s , e x c e p t n a tu r a l g a s ---------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n s e r v i c e s ___________________________
F r e i g h t f o r w a r d i n g ---------------------------------------------A r r a n g e m e n t of t r a n s p o r t a t i o n --------------------------S to c k y a r d s ______________________________________
R e n ta l of r a i l r o a d c a r s --------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s s e r v i c e s in c id e n ta l
to t r a n s p o r t a t i o n ______ •________ _____ _________
C o m m u n ic a tio n --------------------------------------------------------T e le p h o n e c o m m u n ic a tio n ( w ire o r r a d i o ) -------T e le g r a p h c o m m u n ic a tio n ( w ire o r r a d i o ) -------R a d io b r o a d c a s ti n g a n d t e l e v is i o n ---------------------C o m m u n ic a tio n s e r v i c e , n o t
e ls e w h e r e c l a s s i f i e d ----------------------------------------E l e c t r i c , g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -------------------E l e c t r i c c o m p a n ie s a n d s y s t e m s ----------------------G a s c o m p a n ie s a n d s y s te m s ----------------------------C o m b in a tio n c o m p a n ie s a n d s y s te m s ----------------W a te r s u p p ly -------------------------------------------------------S a n ita r y s e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------S te a m s u p p ly -------------------------- --------------------------I r r i g a t i o n s y s t e m s ----------------------------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------------W h o le s a le t r a d e -------------------------------------------------------M o to r v e h ic le a n d a u to m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t--------D r u g s , c h e m i c a l s , a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ------------P ie c e g o o d s , n o tio n s , a p p a r e l --------------------------G r o c e r i e s a n d r e l a t e d p r o d u c t s -------------------------F a r m p r o d u c ts — R aw m a t e r i a l s -----------------------E l e c t r i c a l g o o d s --------------------------------------------------H a r d w a r e , a n d p lu m b in g a n d h e a tin g
e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p li e s ------------------------------------M a c h in e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d s u p p lie s ----------------M is c e lla n e o u s w h o l e s a l e r s --------------------------------R e ta il t r a d e ------------------------------------- ---------------------B u ild in g m a t e r i a l s , h a r d w a r e , a n d f a r m
e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s -------------------------------------------L u m b e r a n d o th e r b u ild in g m a t e r i a l
d e a l e r s ---------------------------------------------------------P lu m b in g , h e a tin g , a n d a i r c o n d itio n in g
e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s ________ '-------------------------P a i n t, g l a s s , a n d w a llp a p e r s t o r e s -------------E l e c t r i c a l s u p p ly s t o r e s -------------------------------H a r d w a r e a n d f a r m e q u ip m e n t d e a l e r s --------

1, 137

37.3

6 2 1 .0

1 5 ,2 4 0 .4

1.79

400
29
24

15.2

8 5 8.5
4 6 1 .0
4 5 9 .7

7, 2 1 2 .8
4 8 8 .6
4 8 4 .7

.63

1.1
1.1

5

3.4

-

-

1.3

3.9

67

15.2

54.8

5 7 7 .0

28
18

6 .0

17.0

9.5
4 3 .8

37.3
5 0 9 .9

13

29.1

.8

1
6

1.0

12.9

(3)
.7

19.0
(3 )
10.5

1

23 .0

(3)

.2

148
130
14

4 8 .0
4 8 .2

169.9
168.5

2 1 .0

1.1

3, 5 6 7 .9
3, 5 4 5 .5
17.7

4
23

23.2
18.0

2

22.6

.3
27.1
2.9

4 .6
328.5
32.0

-

-

-

19 .0

4

58 .2

6.2

25 9 .2

16
14

3.4
41 .5

17.9
57.6

36.9
1, 70 2 .3

9

4 1 .6

56.1

1 ,6 6 5 .1

1

52 .0

.8

28.6

4
-

19.0
-

.7

8.7

-

-

-

6
1
1

(3)
-

-

7.9
4 9 .0

2.2

6.0
22.0

-

2 .0

-

(3 )
-

4
64
45

13.6
5.5
5.2

1

1.0

18

4 9 .6

.8

49
19

26 .3
16.7
13.4
61 .8
15.0

17.8

11
6

.2
68.2

6 4 .4
3.0

11 .8
2.1

.3
-

-

11.5
1.0
8. 1
4 .8

_
1.6

185.0
152.9
3.0
29.1
_
3 5 2.0
195.7
20.6

3.1
.3
.4
"

131.2
2.5
1.9
-

37.5
37.5
25.0
30.6
29.1
15.9
7.0
109.2

73 .6
36 .3
12.9
1.3
.4
7.8
(3 )

1 ,8 7 5 .8
1 , 128.2
6 1 4 .0
2 8 .4

13
36
128
226

43 .9
26.1
27.7

1.5
2.5
9 .3
37 .3

14

36.8

.8

20.0

9

2 2 .1

.6

8 .6

1

( 5)
58.6

(3)

.1

.2

9.1

4
9
-

6.1

"

487
261
17
14
7
34
1
11

22.6

4
-

-

26 2 .0

S ee f o o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




-

1

26

.6

-

.05
.11

8.0

8 8 .4
.2

89 .3
47.1
4 0 .7
212.1

7 4 7.5

-

4 2.2

.03

T a b le A -1 0 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by industry, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin u e d
( W o r k e r s a nd m a n - d a y s in t h o u s a n d s )

S to p p a g e s
In d u stry
N um ber

M e an
d u r a tio n 1

M a n -d a y s id] e d u r in g y e a r
Dppages)
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

P e r c e n t of
t o ta l w o rk in g
tim e

N um ber

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — C o n tin u e d
W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e ----C o n tin u e d
R e ta il t r a d e ----C o n tin u e d
G e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e s t o r e s _ _ _ _ _ _______
D e p a r tm e n t s t o r e s __________________________
M a il o r d e r h o u s e s ----------------------------------------V a r ie t y s t o r e s ____
_______ ___ _ ----------M e rc h a n d is in g m a c h in e o p e r a t o r s _________
D i r e c t s e llin g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s ---------------------M is c e lla n e o u s g e n e r a l m e r c h a n d is e
s t o r e s ___ ______________ __________________
F o o d s t o r e s -------------- ------ — _______________
G ro c e ry s to r e s
-----------------------------------------M e a t a n d f is h (se a fo o d ) m a r k e t s -----------------F r u i t s t o r e s a n d v e g e ta b le m a r k e t s - --------C a n d y , n u ts , a n d c o n f e c tio n e r y
s t o r e s --------------------------- --------------------------D a ir y p r o d u c ts s t o r e s --------------------------------R e ta il b a k e r i e s ------------ ------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s fo o d s t o r e s ________ ___ __
A u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s a n d g a s o lin e
s e r v i c e s t a t i o n s ----------------------------------------------M o to r v e h ic le d e a l e r s (new a n d
u s e d c a r s ) ----------------------- -------------------------M o to r v e h ic le d e a l e r s ( u s e d c a r s
o n ly ) ------------------------------------------------------------T i r e , b a t t e r y , a n d a c c e s s o r y d e a l e r s _____
G a s o lin e s e r v i c e s ta t io n s ----------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s a i r c r a f t , m a r i n e ,
a n d a u to m o tiv e d e a l e r s ----------------- ----------A p p a r e l a n d a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s --------------------------M e n 's a n d b o y s ' c lo th in g a n d
f u r n is h in g s s t o r e s -------------------------------------W o m e n 's r e a d y - t o - w e a r s t o r e s ------------------W o m e n 's a c c e s s o r y a n d s p e c i a lt y
s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------------C h i ld r e n 's a n d i n f a n t s ' w e a r
s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------------F a m il y c lo th in g s t o r e s --------------------- —
Shoe s t o r e s ---------------------------------------------------C u s to m t a i l o r s ---------------------------------------------F u r r i e r a n d f u r s h o p s ______________________
M is c e lla n e o u s a p p a r e l a n d
a c c e s s o r y s t o r e s ----------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e , h o m e f u r n i s h in g s , a n d
e q u ip m e n t s t o r e s ---------------------------- ------------F u r n i t u r e , h o m e f u r n i s h in g s , a n d
e q u ip m e n t s t o r e s , e x c e p t a p p l i a n c e s ------H o u s e h o ld a p p lia n c e s t o r e s — --------------------R a d io , te l e v is i o n , a n d m u s ic
s t o r e s ---------------------------- --------------------------E a tin g a n d d r in k in g p la c e s ----------------------- -----E a tin g a n d d r in k in g p l a c e s --------------------- _ _
M is c e lla n e o u s r e t a i l s t o r e s _____ ____ ________
D ru g s t o r e s a n d p r o p r i e t a r y s t o r e s -----------L iq u o r s t o r e s ----------------------------------------------A n tiq u e s t o r e s a n d s e c o n d h a n d s t o r e s _____
B ook a n d s ta t io n e r y s t o r e s -------------------------S p o rtin g g o o d s s t o r e s a n d
b ic y c le s h o p s ----------------------------------------------F a r m a n d g a r d e n s u p p ly s t o r e s -----------------J e w e lr y s t o r e s - ----- --------------- ----------------F u e l a n d ic e d e a l e r s ------------------------------------R e ta il s t o r e s , n o t e ls e w h e r e
c l a s s i f i e d — ----------------------------------------------

34
.15
5
3
7
-

5 4 .3
69 .9
26.7
20.9
31.6
-

4
46
46
-•
-

10.9
24.8
24 .8
-

3.7
2 .2

143.1
108.4

.4
.3
.7
-

4.5
15.7
-

12 .0

.1

2 .6

2 2 .4
2 2 .4
-

4 0 0 .0
4 0 0 .0
-

_
_

_

64

30.2

3.6

77.1

53

24.8

3.1

52 .7

-

6 1 .0
-

.5
-

23.1
-

( 5)
9 .4

(3)
.3

2 .2

( 5)

(3 )

-

1

-

-

-

-

4
-

9 .4
_

.3
-

2 .0

10

1

5
-

-

-

_

-

_
_

-

1.3

.2

_
-

14

16.5

1.0

1 1. 8

12
2

16.7
9.0

.9
.1

10.9
.9

-

4 8 .0
4 8 .0

1.8
1.8

31
31
18
7

10 .0

18.7

1

1.0

-

-

1

9
-

27 .0
8.7
-

3.7
.4
(3)
-

_
61.5
61.5
31.8
5.2
(3 )
-

-

-

.1

1.2

3.3

2 5.3

-

F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -------------------------B an k in g ------------------------------------------------------------------C r e d it a g e n c i e s o t h e r th a n b a n k in g _______________
S e c u r ity a n d c o m m o d ity b r o k e r s , d e a l e r s ,
e x c h a n g e s , a n d s e r v i c e s _________________________
In su ran ce c a r r ie r s
---- ------------- ---------------------I n s u r a n c e a g e n ts , b r o k e r s , a n d s e r v i c e s ________
R e a l e s t a t e ______________________________ __________
C o m b in a tio n s of r e a l e s t a t e , i n s u r a n c e ,
lo a n s , a n d law o f f i c e s -----------------------------------------H olding a n d o th e r in v e s t m e n t c o m p a n ie s --------------

23

26.7

1
1

S e r v i c e s ----- ---------------------- -------------------------------------H o te ls , r o o m in g h o u s e s , c a m p s , a n d
o th e r lo d g in g p l a c e s ---------------------------------------------P e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s b u s in e s s s e r v i c e s --------------------------A u to m o b ile r e p a i r , a u to m o b ile s e r v i c e ,
a n d g a r a g e s ---------------- ------------- -----------------------M is c e lla n e o u s r e p a i r s e r v i c e s ------------- -------------M o tio n p i c t u r e s -------------------------------------------------------A m u sem en t and r e c r e a tio n s e rv ic e s ,
e x c e p t m o tio n p i c t u r e s ----------------------------------------M e d ic a l a n d o th e r h e a lt h s e r v i c e s ________________
L e g a l s e r v i c e s ------------------------------- ------- ------------E d u c a tio n a l s e r v i c e s ------------ -------- ---------------------

21 0

23.7

4 9 .0

6 7 3 .2

18

11.5

2 0 7 .2

.3
.9

5.5
16.9

2
1

18
-

282 .0
.3

139.4

18.8
(3 )
(3)

13.7
(5)
26.7

(3 )
18.6

1.9
.1
2 7 8 .4

22.0

-

.2

-

0.03

1.2

-

22

20.0

47

57.8

24.1
5 .4
5 .2

6
10

5

27.3
28.3
6 5 .3

.2

6.8

16
49
18

28 .3
2 4 .4
13.2

3 .4

.02

104.6
102.4
14.1

6.0

1.6

88.0

106.2

_

See fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




27

T a b le A -1 0 . W o r k sto p p a g e s by industry, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin u e d
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
S to p p a g es
In d u stry

M ean
d u r a tio n 1

N um ber

M a n -d a y s id le d u r in g y e a r
( a ll s to p p a g e s )
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

N um ber

P e r c e n t of
t o ta l w o rk in g
tim e

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g — C o n tin u e d
S e r v ic e s ----C o n tin u e d
M u s e u m s , a r t g a l l e r i e s , b o ta n ic a l a n d
z o o lo g ic a l g a r d e n s -----------------------------------------------N o n p ro fit m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a ti o n s _____________
--------------------------------------P r i v a t e h o u s e h o ld s —
M is c e lla n e o u s s e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 6 _________________________________________
F e d e r a l -------------------------------------------------------------------S t a t e ------------------------------------------------------------------ —
C o u n ty ______________________________________________
C i t y ------------------------------------------ ----------------------------S c h o o l d i s t r i c t --------------------------------------------------------O th e r lo c a l g o v e r n m e n t ------------------------------------------

1

1.0

0.1

0.1

16
-

18.5

18.1

2

15.7

1.3
.3

412
3
23
45
164
176

11 .2

333.5
155.8

13.1
11.4

16.2
28 .7
123.7

2, 0 2 3 .3
6 4 8 .3
4 4 .6
87.7
2 2 1.5
1, 0 2 1 .0

1

1.0

.2

.2

-

14.1
6 .6
8 .1

8 .8

-

3.3 ’
0.0 6

1 W e ig h te d b y m u ltip ly in g th e d u r a tio n of e a c h s to p p a g e b y th e w o r k e r s in v o lv e d .
2 T he n u m b e r of s to p p a g e s r e p o r t e d fo r a m a j o r i n d u s t r y g ro u p o r d i v is io n m a y n o t e q u a l th e s u m of i ts c o m p o n e n ts
b e c a u s e in d iv id u a l s to p p a g e s o c c u r r in g in tw o o r m o r e g r o u p s h a v e b e e n c o u n te d in e a c h .
T h e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p a n d
d i v is io n to ta l s h a v e b e e n a d ju s t e d to e lim in a te d u p lic a tio n . W o rk e r s in v o lv e d a n d m a n - d a y s id le h a v e b e e n a ll o c a te d a m o n g th e
r e s p e c ti v e g r o u p s .
3 F e w e r th a n 100.
4 I d le n e s s in 1970 r e s u l ti n g f r o m s to p p a g e th a t b e g a n in 1969.
5 Did n ot end in 1970.
6 T he s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e , fo r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s , b e e n d e e m e d to f a l l w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n of a
w o rk s to p p a g e .
T h is d e c is io n d o e s n o t c o n s titu te a le g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n th a t a w o r k s to p p a g e h a s ta k e n p la c e in v io la tio n of
a n y law o r p u b lic p o lic y .

N O TE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g ,




s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

28

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

T a b le A -11. W o r k s to p p a g e s by in d u stry g ro up and m a jo r issue, 1 9 7 0
( W o r k e r s and m a n - d a y s in t h o u s a n d s )

T o ta l
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

I n d u s tr y g ro u p

G e n e ra l w age chan g es
M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e fits

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
• year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

1 5 ,7 1 6

3 ,3 0 5

6 6 ,4 1 4

2, 851

1 ,8 4 3 .0

3 6 , 159.1

56

6 3 .0

47 3 .3

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________

1 2 ,4 8 1

1 , 128

38, 006

1 ,4 7 0

4 3 3 .4

13, 83 8 .0

26

7.8

172.2

O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ______________________
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s _____________________
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s _________________ _______
T e x tile m i l l p r o d u c t s __________________________

8
212

5
142
-

5.5
27 .8

93.5
629.1
_

3
_

22

4 .5

110 .1

1

0.3
.5

2 0 .1

1.3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ------------ -------------

--------------

3
43

7.4
50.8
3 .7
8. 2

103.6
985.5
15.5
151.2

A p p a r e l, e tc ..3 ____________________________ _____
L u m b e r a nd w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e __________________________
_________
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s --------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c ts _____________________

80

8.7

162.6

21

2.4

54.9

2

.1

63
85
129

8 .8
2 2 .6

40
70
78

6.2

262.9
3 7 8.4
6 3 0.5

-

37 .7

306.3
4 0 9 .2
763.5

P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ___
C h e m ic a ls a nd a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ___ ______ ______
P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s ____

92
150
17

38 .0
1.7

4 1 4 .5
1 ,3 3 6 .5
27.3

64
97
14

19.3
24.7

81.3
4 .8
32.8
81.0
117.5

2, 3 2 2.7
59 .8
830.0
2 ,3 0 0 .3
3 ,4 4 4 .2

77

59.2

6

1.2

164
1 214
1 323

113
115
194

19.3

M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _________________
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p lie s ________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t______________________
I n s t r u m e n t s , e tc . ______________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s _______

1 292

118.5

3 ,6 0 2 .9

176

1 191
1 158

133.2
32 6 .8

6 , 208.1

100

31
73

10.1

1 4 ,0 3 3 .9
223.3
305.5

67
24
47

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

1 3 .2 4 0

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g _____
___________________________________
C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n ___________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s ____________________
W h o le s a le a nd r e t a i l t r a d e ______________________

27
544
1, 137

R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s ___________________________ __________
L e a th e r a nd l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ________ _________
S to n e , c la y , a nd g l a s s p r o d u c t s ________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s 4 ____________________

F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ___________
S e r v i c e s _________________________________________
G o v e r n m e n t 7 _______________ ___________________

See

f o o t n ot e s

1 132
21

2 2 .8

11.7
2, 177

2 8 ,4 0 7

1.0

3 3 4 .8
1, 173.3
25.6

-

4

1.8

2

1.2

-

-

15.8
-

2

.4
_

4 .4
-

1 ,9 9 2 .6
33 .4
6 7 2.5
85 0 .7
1 ,0 5 8 .5

5

57.3

1 ,7 9 6 .0

57 .9
27.5
6 .4

2, 5 7 1 .8
820.0

20.1

4 2 .9

1 1 2 .8

. 33.5

3

.6

8. 8

1.3
1.5

74.0
10.4

2

.1

.4

-

-

-

-

"

-

2

8. 2

240.1

1 ,3 8 2

1 ,4 0 9 .2

2 2 ,3 1 6 .1

30

55.3

12
26

19.4
196.9
13, 167.5

1
1
6

0. 2
.1

0.9

5 1 .8

2 7 0.0

301.1

211.4
62 1 .0

250.3
849.6
15, 240.4

481

1.7
7.4
4 6 2 .0

400
487

858.5
73.6

7, 212.8
1, 875.8

192
318

707.1
4 4 .0

6 ,3 5 6 .5
974.3

10

.3
2.4

2.3
24.4

23

18.8
4 9 .0
333.5

282.0
6 7 3.2
2 ,0 2 3 .3

17

18.4
39.9
128.5

27 8 .7
4 7 0 .8
851.9

_
3
5

_
.3
.3

_
2.4

225

210

412

11.2

at end of t a b l e .




18.9
23.3

-

3.5
_

29

111

4

.1

1.1

T a b le A -11. W o r k s to p p a g e s by ind u stry g ro u p and m a jo r issue, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin ued
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in t h o u s a n d s )
W age a d ju s tm e n ts
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

I n d u s t r y g ro u p

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ------------ --------

------------------

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________
O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s — ___ ________ ____
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ________________ ___
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ___________________________
T e x tile m i l l p r o d u c t s -------------- _ . ____________

H o u r s of w o r k

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s

S to p p a g e s
M a n -d a y s
b e g in n in g in
id le d u rin g
year
y e a r ( a ll
W o rk e rs .
N um ber
s to p p a g e s )
in v o lv e d

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

219

23 9 .5

1 ,1 3 0 .2

6

1.4

2 5 .7

123

3 7 9 .8

1 8 ,3 4 6 .7

116

57 .2

370.6

2

1.0

16.1

72

3 5 8.6

1 7 ,6 1 3 .0

7
_

0.8

16.0
-

3

1.8
.2

33 .4
.9

.3

1.0
1.0

1.0

(2 )

3.1
(2 )

1

-

_

1

-

-

1
2

A p p a r e l, e t c . 3 ___________________________________
L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e ________________________________________
F u r n i t u r e a n d f ix t u r e s - ____
________________
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s _________ ___________

12

1.0

7.7

-

-

-

3

.1

4

.2
.1

.6

-

-

-

-

2

.2

2 .0

-

-

"

4

1.3

23.0

P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s _________________
P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s _____

1
2

(2 )

_
-

_
-

_
-

3

.2

6

1.5

17.5
34.3

7
4

3.6
.9
.3
3 .0
3 .2

29.5
1.9
9 .7
5 .8

-

-

-

6

-

3

4 .5
-

12 .0

9

10.7

21
8
1

2 4 .0
5.3

R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s
p r o d u c t s ________________________________________
L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s __________________
S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ___ __________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r ie s __ ___________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s 4 ____________________
_________
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _ __
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p lie s ________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t______________ ______
I n s t r u m e n t s , e tc . _______________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s __ ___

1
6

2

13
13

3.3

2 .7
19.0
.1
.2

.1

1

_

6
11

22.5
4 1 .3

89.5
9.5
1, 108.5
2 ,0 2 7 .7

-

7

22.9

1, 124.3

-

5
7
_
3

17.2
2 4 3 .0
_
.5

8 0 9 .2
12, 31 1 .5
_
19.8

.1

-

(2 )
-

-

167.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.1

4

.3

71.8
36.5
.5
2.3

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

103

182.4

759.6

4

0.3

9 .6

51

2 1 .2

7 3 3.7

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ___ _____
M in in g ____________________________________________
C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c tio n ___________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------W h o le s a le a nd r e t a i l t r a d e ______ ____________

1

36
14

(2 )
11 .2

-

-

-

4.1

0 .4
32.5
18.3

“

2
20

0 .3
4 .6

4 .1
93.3

20
6

3.2
.5

25 .8
2.9

0 .4
9 .2

11
11

1.5
14.1

6 0 9 .8

F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ___________
S e r v i c e s ________________ ____________________ _
G o v e r n m e n t 7 __________________ ____ __________

1
6

.2
1.0

(2 )

162.1

1.7
14.9
6 6 3.1

1

19

.2

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e s .




30

1

3

(2 )
0.3

_

_

_

_

_
_

"

-

-

3
3

.1
.6

22.8

.5
2.5
.7

T a b le A-11. W o r k s to p p a g e s by ind u stry g ro up and m a jo r issue, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin ued
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
U n io n o r g a n iz a tio n a n d s e c u r i ty
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

I n d u s tr y g ro u p

M an - d ay s
id le d u rin g
s to p p a g e s )

J o b s e c u r i ty
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
Wo r k e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

P la n t a d m i n i s t r a t io n
M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (all
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

___________

587

105.7

6 , 107.3

170

5 1 .4

3 7 5 .8

921

4 0 0 .8

1 ,7 1 8 .7

M a n u fa c tu r in g __ ____________________________

242

3 2 .4

4 ,4 0 2 .9

88

2 8 .0

240.1

349

160.7

8 6 5.9

O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ______________________
F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____________________
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s __________________________
T e x tile m i l l p r o d u c t s ___________________________

1

1.0

3.0
3 .7

1

0.8

1.4
_
.3

1
2
1
1

0 .1

15
_
7

4 .8
4 1 .2
_
11.3

25

2.3
60.5
14.0

21

1.5

59.9

6

13
5
7.

1.3
.3
.4

36.3
7.4
12.7

4

9

.7

11

1.2

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ________

_______

A p p a r e l, e t c . 3 __ ____
_________________ ____
L u m b er and w ood p ro d u c ts , except
f u r n i t u r e _______________________________________
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s __________________________
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ______________________
P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ____
C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s _________________
P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s _____

-

-

37.9
76.6
-

14
4
17

1.5

9 4 .4

16

34

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __________________
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p lie s ________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t______________________
I n s t r u m e n t s , e tc . ______________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s _______

R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s ______________ _______________________
L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ___________________
S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s _____________ _
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s 4 ___ ______________

.7
(2 )

1

1

11.3
3.5

7

2.1

6 .6

.7

-

1

.1

.6
.1

12.9

4

.9

4 .4

.5
2.4
4 .7

2 .7
11.9
14.2

.2

(2 )

.1

3
4

1.8

2 4 .8

20

1.4
9.0
-

3
17
3

4 .8
.6

3 .0
33.1
1.7

1.6

7.1
1.9
9 .0
22.4
15.2

4 2 .9
5.3
91 .8
146.0
51 .2

4

.2

8

1.4
-

-

-

■

11.6

-

.3
-

3

1.2

3.5
3 .2

33 .7
57 .0
145.8

11

9

5.7
7.0

1 2 2 .2

15
5
17
47
47

23

2.1

3 4 6.8

18

3.3

16.6

43

12.9

9 1 .0

20

9 .7

10

17

2. 6

202.0

2

2 .0

7

2
1

5 .8
7.8
1.3
1.5

14.1
4 3 .7

(2 )
.7

2.4
1.5
.7
.9

30
48

1

2 ,6 5 7 .1
6 4 5 .9
6 9 5 .0
27.5

7

.9

9.0
11.3
852.9

.2
.8

2

4

2.4
25 .4

61 .2

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

345

73.3

1 ,7 0 4 .5

82

2 3 .4

135.7

572

24 0 .0

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ___________
M in in g
..........
_ ..... ..............
C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n ____________________ _______
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s _______ _____________
W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e _____________________

4

2.5
34.8
8 4 4.4

2

0 .4
1 0 .8

11

2.4

3
317
69

0.8

38

3.2
3 1 .7
4 9 .6

0.6

74

0.5
7.0
19.1

105.3
14.5

2 7 1.4
175.9

40
90

14.9
3.2

50 .4
201.9

15
4

6.8
.6

20.8

23.6

76
25

101.8
6 .1

346.6
19.7

F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ___________
S e r v i c e s _________________________________________
G o v e r n m e n t 7____________________________________

4
62
59

.2

1.1

_

5.5
22.9

157.9
4 1 1 .5

3
9

12

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e nd of t a b l e .




31

_
.1
2 .2

_

_

.7

11

6.1

71

_
.6
11 .2

_

6 .0

3 2 .4

T a b le A -11. W o r k sto p p a g e s by ind u stry g ro u p and m a jo r issue, 1 9 7 0 — C o n tin u e d
( W o r k e r s a nd m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
O th e r w o rk in g c o n d itio n s
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
Wo rk ers
N um ber
in v o lv e d

I n d u s tr y g ro u p

A ll i n d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------M a n u f a c tu r i n g _______________________________
O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ______________________
F o o d a nd k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _____________________
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s __________________________
T e x t il e m il l p r o d u c t s ___________________________
A p p a r e l, e t c . 3 ----------------------------------------------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e _______________________________________
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ---------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c ts _____________________
P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ___
C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ____________ ____
P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a nd r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s _____
R u b b e r a n d m i s c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s ______ ______________________ _______
L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ___________________
S to n e , c la y , a nd g l a s s p r o d u c t s ________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________
F a b r ic a te d m e t a l p r o d u c t s 4 ------------------------------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l __________________
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p lie s ________________________________________ i
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t______________________
I n s t r u m e n t s , e tc . ______________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________

_____________

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a nd f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in i n g ___________________________________________
C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------W h o le s a le a nd r e t a i l t r a d e -------------------- --------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 7 ____________________________________

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (all
s to p p a g e s )

In te r u n io r i o r i n tr a u n io n m a t t e r s
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

N ot r e p o r te d
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

175

59.3

4 1 8 .3

566

149.4

1 ,5 7 7 .4

58

11.9

81.2

77

32 .4

32 0 .9

37

13.1

143.8

15

3.3

19.4

6

2.7
.3

146.5
1.5

7
-

2.8

1

0.3
-

1.0

1

1

.1

7

1.6

10 .8

_

-

1

.1

4

.5

.3
3.3

2
1
2

2

4
-

.9
3 .2
-

3.9
6.9
-

3
4

9
4
5

3.4
.5
2.3

23.6
-

1
1

1.2

-

32 .7

2

8

1.8

8.1

3

12

4 .2

3 9 .8

9
4

8.0
2.1
.8

4 7 .6
-

-

.'6

-

_

_

4

.3

9.8

.5
.7

3.5
6.7

"

(2 )
-

(2 )
-

(2 )
.3
"

.3
-

!

1

.6

2. 6
.2

.9
-

2.7
-

1.3
.5
.2

4 4 .2
4 .8
.3

-

1.5

8. 0

1

(2 )
(2 )

5

2.9

16.7

1

2.2

4 .3

3 1 .0
6.4
4 .8
-

4
-

1.1

3.8
-

-

-

1
1

"
1
1




.1

-

-

.1

2.8
.2

.1

1

.1

2 .2

3

.1

.8

98

26.9

97 .4

529

136.3

1 ,4 3 3 .5

43

8.5

6 1 .7

51

13.9

27.6
6 .0

7.9
54 .6
5 7 .8

223.3
2 4 9.3
58 0 .5

5
13

1.1

.6

4
56
438

0 .8

10

3 .7

3 3 .4

15

14.2

36 5 .7

6

.1

1.2

8
8

.7
1.9

3 .4
4 .0

_
7
3

_

1

-

-

-

-

1

18

8.1

6

.3

|
!

_

|

_

17.9
4 .7

3

.6

6 .2

10

3.4

3 5 .0

_

.8

11.7

.9

1.8

_

_

1
8

(2 )
1.4

S e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - 10.
F e w e r th a n 1 0 0 .
I n c lu d e s o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s .
E x c lu d e s o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t.
In c lu d e s p r o f e s s io n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s .
A l a r g e p r o p o r tio n of th e 1970 i d le n e s s r e s u l t e d f r o m a sto p p a g e t h a t b e g a n in 1969.
T h e s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e , f o r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s , b e e n d e e m e d to f a l l w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n of a w o rk s to p p a g e .
d o e s n o t c o n s titu te a l e g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n t h a t a w o r k s to p p a g e h a s ta k e n p la c e in v io la tio n of a n y la w o r p u b lic p o lic y .
B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,

-

.1

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

NOTE:

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

32

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

_

(2 )
19.7

T h is d e c is io n

T a b le A -1 2 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by m a jo r industry gro up and c o n tra c t sta tu s , 1 9 7 0
( W o r k e r s a nd m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
N e g o tia tio n o f f i r s t a g r e e m e n t
o r u n io n r e c o g n itio n

T o ta l
I n d u s tr y g ro u p

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
Y ear
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r ( a ll
s to o p a g e s )

R e n e g o tia tio n of a g r e e m e n t
( e x p ir a tio n o r re o p e n in g )
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W orke rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (all
s to p p a g e s )

A ll i n d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------------

15 , 716

3, 305

6 6 ,4 1 4

724

130. 5

2 ,4 '7 . 9

2 ,9 3 6

2 ,3 2 1 .8

6 0 , 128. 0

M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

*2,481

1 , 128

3 8 ,0 0 6

301

37. 5

1 ,1 5 .1

1 ,5 7 3

8 2 1 .7

3 5 ,5 8 7 .8

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a nd k i n d re d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s __________________________
T e x t il e m ill p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------

8
212

2
22

42. 3
1 4 6 .9
29. 3

5
148

10

2. 5
1. 5
.6

A p p a r e l, e tc . 2 ----------------------------------------------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ----------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a llie d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------

80

8. 7

162. 6

25

1. 7

64. 4

23

2. 6

57. 7

63
85
129

8. 8
22. 6

306. 3
409. 2
763. 5

9
7

.5
1. 0

44
69
87

7. 0
19- 0
27. 1

284. 1
378. 2
7 09 - 5

P r i n t i n g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s _________________
P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a nd r e l a te d i n d u s t r i e s --------

92
150
17

22. 8

71
106
14

21. 7
27. 0

387. 6
1 ,2 6 4 .9
24. 2

85
4

65. 6

120

2 1 .4
42. 2
87. 5

3
43

7.
50.
3.
8.

4
8

7
2

37. 7
38. 0
1. 7

R u b b e r a nd m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s _______________________________________
L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a nd g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c ts 4--------------------------------

164
214
*32 3

81.
4.
32.
81.
117.

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, an d
s u p p li e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______________________
I n s t r u m e n t s , e t c . 5----------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

*292

118. 5

119 1
115 8
31
73

133.
326.
10 .
1 1.

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------

*3,240

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ------------------------------------------------------------------C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a nd s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------W h o le s a le a nd r e t a i l t r a d e ---------------------------------

27
544
1, 137

F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s _________________________________________
G o v e r n m e n t 5 ____________________________________

11 32
21

3
8
8
0

5

2
8
1

7

2, 177

103.
985.
15.
151.

5
5
2

-

11

1. 1

15. 1
15. 5
14. 1

41 4 . 5
1 ,3 3 6 .5
27. 3

12

.8
.7
. 1

25. 7
35. 7
1. 5

2, 322. 7
59. 8
830. 0
2, 300. 3
3 ,4 4 4 .2

20

2. 9
. 3

112. 0

14
1

5
19
25
37

1. 0
6. 0

3. 3

1
22

18. 3
20. 9
112. 6
9 5 .4

116
209

30

6. 0

138. 7

195

1

21

9
3
5

19
3
9

3.
3.
.
.

109.
125.
1.
28.

107
74

3 ,6 0 2 .9
6 ,2 0 8 .
1 4 ,0 3 3 .
223.
305.
2 8 ,4 0 7

2
2
3
7

423

93. 0

11
10

9
2
5

22

4.
33.
.
5.

1
8
2

0

1. 0

1. 0

84. 1
84.
272.
6.
8.

2
2
2

59- 0
724. 3
.9
1 1 3 .4

2, 153. 1
25. 5
725. 2
2 ,0 0 9 .7
3 ,2 5 2 . 8
3 ,3 0 6 .8
5, 953.
1 3 ,6 8 8 .
206.
263.

2
2
3
1

0

51

1 ,2 7 4 .8

1, 363

1 ,5 0 0 . 1

24, 540. 2

2 2 1 .3
3 0 .4
33. 1

5
25
517

1. 1

7. 0
548. 9

12 . 9
199- 5
1 4 ,8 2 4 .5

9

211. 4
621. 0

250. 3
849. 6
1 5 ,2 4 0 .4

56

7. 7
4. 7
2. 7

400
487

858. 5
73. 6

7 ,2 1 2 . 8
1 ,8 7 5 . 8

46
1 17

6 .4
4. 5

171. 7
'1 3 2 . 1

203
321

733. 7
59. 7

6 ,3 1 8 .5
1, 690. 0

23

18. 8
49. 0
333. 5

282. 0
673. 2
2, 023. 3

5
82
96

.2
6. 2
60. 6

1. 1

118. 6
566. 6

17
104
171

18. 4
40. 3
90. 8

279. 2
528. 1
687. 5

21 0

412

11. 2

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e nd o f ta b l e .




6

33

T a b le A -1 2 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by m a jo r in d u stry g ro u p and c o n tra c t status, 1 9 7 0 -----C o n tin u e d
( W o r k e r s a nd m a n - d a y s id le in th o u s a n d s )
D u rin g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t
( n e g o tia tio n of n ew a g r e e m e n t
n o t in v o lv ed )
S to p p a g e s
M a n -d a y s
b e g in n in g in
id le d u rin g
year
y e a r ( a ll
W o rk e r s
N um ber
s to p p a g e s )
in v o lv e d

I n d u s tr y g ro u p

No c o n tr a c t o r o t h e r
c o n tr a c t s ta t u s
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

No in f o r m a tio n on
c o n tr a c t s ta tu s

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

A ll i n d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------------

1 ,9 1 0

828. 8

3 ,6 6 3 . 8

112

13. 1

105. 2

54

11.0

88. 8

M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

593

266. 6

1 ,2 4 1 . 9

15

0. 9

10. 5

14

1 .4

13. 0

1

0. 8

2. 3

41

113. 2
14. 6
8. 3

_
_
2

_
_
0. 1

_

9

15. 3
3. 5
2. 5

A p p a r e l, e tc . 2 ___________________________________
L u m b e r a nd w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e ------------------------------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ___________________________
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ______________________

28

4. 1

30. 2

1

(3)

.8

3

. 3

9 .6

10

1. 3
2. 6
9 .4

7. 1
15. 0
37. 1

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

2

1

(3)

2. 8

_
(3)

-

_
.5
-

P r i n t i n g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a te d i n d u s t r i e s --------

7
29

. 3

1. 0
35. 5
1. 6

1

(3)

.2

-

1
1

(3)
.3

.

-

-

-

_

1
1
1

(3)
. 3
(3 )

O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ______________________ ____
T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------- --------

R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t ic s
p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------------L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a nd g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c ts 4_____________________
M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s ________________________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ----------------------------------------------I n s t r u m e n t s , e t c . 5__________________________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ---------------

2

7
30

2

28

10. 1
.6

10
22

10. 1

73
77

32. 3
26. 6

57.
12.
82.
176.
95.

70

6
6
65
6
10

1 2 .9
3. 3

6
0

_

0. 2

-

-

-

.2
.2
.2

8

2
2
2
1

28. 3

157. 3

1

45.
51.
3.
2.

144.
220.
15.
13.

9
3

1
1

6

-

8

3
7
0

7
4

5

-

4. 0
1. 0
1. 1

1

1

_

.

1

(3 )

.

1

(3)

.
.
-

1
2

-

40

.

.
-

1

-

_

_

-

1

.3

.2
.5
.

-

3

-

1. 0

0. 3

-

-

-

1

-

.

1

.

8

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,3 1 7

562. 2

2 ,4 2 1 . 9

97

12. 2

94. 7

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s -----------------------M in in g --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n ---------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s ____________________________
W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e ----------------------------------------------

7
508
544

1. 8
199. 7
64. 1

11. 7
619- 7
337. 9

4

0. 6
. 1

4. 5

1

1

-

-

-

5

.

5

5. 3

15

4 .9

39. 5

130
37

117'. 4
6. 8

717. 7
23. 0

12

.

2

1 .4
.9

9
7

. 7
2. 5

3. 6
29. 8

2

1. 7
25. 3
685. 0

F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e -----------------------S e r v i c e s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 6 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------

1

18
72

.

2. 2
170. 0

5

_
5
65

(3)

.

_

_

. 2
10. 6

1

1

8 1 .4

8

1

.

_

9. 7

75. 8

_

_

(3)
1 .4

2. 8

S e e f o o tn o te 2, t a b le A - 10.
I n c lu d e s o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s .
F e w e r th a n 100.
E x c lu d e s o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t.
I n c lu d e s p r o f e s s io n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , a n d c o n tr o llin g i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s .
T h e s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e , f o r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s , b e e n d e e m e d to f a ll w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n o f a w o rk s to p p a g e .
d e c is io n d o e s n o t c o n s titu te a le g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n th a t a w o r k s to p p a g e h a s ta k e n p la c e in v io la tio n o f a n y la w o r p u b lic p o lic y .
1
2
3
4
5
6

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,




s u m s o f in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

34

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

(3)

T h is

T a b le A -13. W o r k sto p p a g e s by m a jo r ind u stry gro up and d u r a tio n ,11 9 7 0
N u m b e r of s to p p a g e s
I n d u s tr y g ro u p
T o ta l

2 -3
days

1

day

4 -6
days

7 -1 4
days

15-29
days

3 0 -5 9
days

6 0 -8 9
days

90 d a y s
and o v e r

------- ----- ------- ----

2 5, 694

743

692

739

1 ,0 2 4

966

807

360

363

M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________

2 2 ,4 7 8

170

255

250

450

459

438

204

252

2

2

21

38

45

5

1
12

1

4

24
4

1
21
1

2

209
3
43

28
7

16
_
4

A ll i n d u s t r i e s -------------

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s --------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s _______________ ____
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ------ ------------------ ---T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------

8
-

4

1
16

_
3

A p p a r e l, e t c . 4 ------------------- -------------- -----------L u m b e r a nd w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e ------ ------------------------------------- ----------F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ________—_ _____________
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------

78

10

12

9

9

11

8

9

10

59
84
125

2

13

14
19
19

6

19

7
7
7

9

4
9

2
2

6
6
8

P r i n t i n g , p u b lis h in g , a nd a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ___
C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---------:---------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------

96
149
15

1
11
1

6

13

16
-

11
1

129

4
3

5
4

27
4
36
43

R u b b e r a nd m i s c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s
p r o d u c t s -------------------------- -------------- ---- — _
L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ------ ------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ____________ ________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c ts 5 ___________________
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e le c t r i c a l ---------- ---------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p lie s ------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _____________________
I n s t r u m e n t s , e t c . 6 -------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ___________________________
A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a nd f i s h e r i e s ________
M in in g

_

_

C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c tio n ___________ _
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -------— -----W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e ----------- ----- ---F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d real" e s t a t e ---------------S e r v i c e s — — — ----------------- ------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 7 ------------------------ ---------------------------

20

22

24

25

17
28
5

30
4

13
27
4

18

40

168
216
317

6

12

19
17

30
34

14
4
13
19
36

299

15

33

23

39

203
151
33
73

22

22

28

17
3

25

1

4

22
2
6

2 3 ,2 1 6

573

437

489

574

27
544
1, 133

2

2

12

259
96

3
103
138

97
181

48
237

393
471

75
31

60
31

44
58

20

27
17
5
19

62
83

20

1

24

1

1

1

6

18
91

16
85

23
83

45
81

17
19
-

9
7
1
12
1

9

16

16
25

1

32
25
57

11
22

61

53

34

41

23
18

34
27
9
18

21

26

13

13

4

12
2
8

507

369

156

111

2
22

218

5
9
166

4
62

35

65
104

-

2

37
44
57

68

211

413

4
14

49
80

49

10

1

1

1
|

26

1

1
2

18
35

20

_

6

7

35
19

43
46

1

2

16
5

15
3

1

W o rk e r s in v o lv e d (in th o u s a n d s )
A ll i n d u s t r i e s --------------

----- ---------------- _

M a n u fa c tu r in g _______________________________
O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s -------- --- - _ _ ___
________
F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c ts ____ T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s ___________

_____________

3 ,0 7 2

6 8 5.6

2 6 1 .1

376.3

445.1

390.9

4 1 7 .9

173.0

3 3 2.2

924

42 .7

108.4

109.0

129.4

110.4

110.7

81 .6

23 1 .9

5.2
.2

5.6
1.3

8.0

7 .4
51 .0
3.7
7.9

-

3.2

1.7

1.6

10.1

5.3
-

2.8
-

-

1.1

10.0
.2
2 .2

2.0

.5

.3

0.8
8.2

3.5

(3)
.5

0.1

3.7

A p p a r e l, e t c . 4 __________________________________
L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e _______ ______________________ _____ _ —
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ------------------------------------------------------P a p e r a nd a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------------

1.1

2.1

1 .0

1.2

1.1

.3

.4

.7

8.2

.1

1.1

2.0

.4

4.1

1.5
1.9

8.3
9 .6

3.0
4 .5

.7
.5
3.8

2.0

2.2

.9
7.1
9 .3

1.1

22.9
36 .5

.1
.8

P r i n t i n g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ——
C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a nd r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s ______

22.9
36.5
1.4

.5
1.5
.4

5.7
4 .4
(3)

3.3
5.0
.4

3.7
5.1

2.1

4 .4
-

.2

3.2
.4

3.2
5.5
-

2.4
7.5
-

R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s
p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s __
— ---------- _
S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ----------------- _
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ____ _________________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c ts 5 -----------------------------------------

80 .5
3.9
30.9
6 1 .4
76.8

2.3
.9
.9

4 .2

26.3

25.5

10.7
7.9

3.9
.4
5.1
5.2
17.3

10.5

2.1

M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l _____
— E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a nd
s u p p lie s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ________ _______ ____
I n s t r u m e n t s , e tc . 6 ------------------------------------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -------------

106.3

4 .3

1 2 .2

215.1
116.9
14.2
11.7

5.9
4 .5

30.9
20.0

1 .0

.5

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g —

—

---------------

—

_

—

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ---------------------M in in g ________ _ ______ _______________
_ _
C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c tio n ----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e le c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s ----------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e _____________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e — ------ _
S e r v ic e s i
■
■ - r,n , m
nM.
-lnnln n - . ... ...
G o v e r n m e n t 7 ___
_ ------------ — ------ ------- -

8.0

3.3

2.0

1.8

.9

.1

.2

.1

6 .0
.1

11 .8

5.0
6.7
16.5

7.3
3.8
9 .9

1.5
3.6
3.4

2 .4
7.3
6.7

14.2

1 2 .0

21.9

8.6

11.1

22.0

11.5

7.2
2.5
3.3

10.3
14.4

12 .8

1.6

3.4

.2

127.5
35.2
4.1
1.5

9 1 .4

9 0 .2

(3)

1.1

9.1
23.5
.4
.7

11 .0

2.9
3.0

2.1

642.9

152.7

267.3

315.7

28 0 .5

3 0 7.0

0.1

51.9
53 .8

0.5
70.8
82.9

2.6

2 1 1 .4
605.9

0.5
24.2
4 4 .6

23 .0
54.2

(3)
31.7
140.2

7.4
5.7
119.8

851.9
63 .6

50 7 .6
7.8

57.4
3.3

27 .4
6.7

24.9
15.7

6 1 .2

126.3

6.1

12 .2

18.9
52.7
3 3 2.5

(3)
3.3
18.3

.1

.1
22 .1

.7
4 .8
189.7

6.6

3.4
19.2

11.3
4.9
19.4

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e nd of ta b le .




1.2

6.5
16.0

1 1 .2

2, 148

35

1.4
1 .0

56.8

7.2
27.5

5.8
(3)

_

(3 )

4 .0
49.1

0.1

61 .3

30.3 '
3.8
..

3.2
1.1

. - lb . 3 •
8. 1 - :
(3)
4 .0
.4

T a b le A -1 3 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by m a jo r industry gro up and d u ra tio n ,11 9 7 0 — C o n tin ued
M a n -d a y s id le d u r in g y e a r (in th o u sa n d s )
T o ta l

1

day

2 -3
days

4 -6
days

7 -1 4
days

15—
29
days

3 0 -5 9
days

6 0 -8 9
days

90 d a y s
and o v er

____

5 1 ,7 2 1

685.6

548.8

1 ,2 6 5 .7

2 ,5 6 3 .5

5, 433.9

10, 302.5

8 , 128.0

22, 7 9 2.8

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________

25, 390

42 .7

22 2 .5

351.5

8 9 9 .6

1 ,6 1 7 .5

3, 227.6

3, 7 1 2.6

15, 3 1 6.0

11.9
_

22 .4
81.7
.9
17.8

2 8 .0
151.8

4 0 .5
160.5

178.7
28.5

10.3
4 6 4 .8
_
23 .4

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ___ _____________ ____

O r d n a n c e a nd a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ------------------ -------- T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s __________________________
T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------

103.6
1 ,0 8 1 .7
15.5
145.7

.2

2 .2

2.3
27.0
14.0
3.9

A p p a r e l, e t c .4 ------------- ------------------------------------L u m b e r and w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e -------------- ------------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e a nd f i x t u r e s — -------------- ------------ __
P a p e r a nd a llie d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------

121.1

1.1

5.1

3.0

6.7

18.9

8 .2

20 .4

57.6

321.0
40 7 .7
673.1

.1

.3
1.6
8.6

19.3
137.9
149.1

58.1
87.3
143.3

191.9
101.3

2.2

6.5
52.9
63 .0

4 0 .4

.4

4 .5
5.8

P r i n t i n g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s --------

420.1
1 ,1 3 7 .3
16.6

.5
1.5
.4

26.2

4 9 .0
83.3
3.0

54.3
86 .7
10.7

R u b b e r a nd m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s
p r o d u c t s ------ --------------- --------- -------------L e a th e r a nd l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s -----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a nd g l a s s p r o d u c t s ___________ _____
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c ts 5 ____________________

2, 314.1
36.5
591.9
1, 342.0
1 ,4 2 2 .9

2.3
.9
.9

71.9

75 6 .8
4.8
182.1

M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e le c t r i c a ] — ----------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h in e r y , e q u ip m e n t, and
s u p p li e s — -------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r ta t io n e q u ip m e n t------------------------ ------I n s t r u m e n t s , e tc . ^ ______________________________
M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s _______
N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------------------------A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a nd f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ---------------------------- -----------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c tio n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a nd r e a l e s t a t e — ----------S er v ie e s
-,r-— m , ____ ,, _ _____________ - __
__
_
G o v e r n m e n t 7 _______ _____________________ ____

5.2
-

5.7
9 .2

8.2

21.5
10.3
.1

4.1

8 8 .2

100.8

162.0
647.9

266.3

9 6 0 .5

4 4 4 .7
11.3
192.6
774.8
565.8

37.9

82 .4

299.9

2 5 7.5

5 6 4 .8

1 ,2 7 0 .6

71 .8
88.3
15.5
23.7

9 9 .0
38.9
39.7
22.9

2 9 4 .4
4 0 0 .0
69.1

6 1 7.7
260.9

8 , 041.1

112.8

.8
10 .6

1 ,8 6 3 .1
2 7 2.8
131.8

9 1 4 .3

1, 663.9

3 ,8 1 6 .4

7 ,0 7 4 .9

4, 4 1 5 .4

7 ,4 7 6 .8

1.3
174.1
36 8 .7

21 .1

111.4
386.3

0.9
2 4 6.5
2, 191.8

223.9
9 2 .0
3 ,4 1 0 .5

106.3
2 ,3 4 3 .5

4 ,9 9 6 .4

140.8
106.7

6 7 9 .8
9 8 .5

2, 2 6 1 .5
34 2 .0

1, 5 5 9.0
186.2

1 ,6 4 9 .4
559.3

5.3
35 .4
8 5 7 .0

74.1
110.9
4 1 4 .0

201.1

_

2 .0

132.5
41 1 .3

164.7
55.7

2 1 8 .8
36.5

2 , 538.9

4.3

21 .4

9 ,2 2 7 .5
2, 765.3
4 0 0 .7
307.0

5.9
4 .5
(3)

57.9
43.9
.5
1.9

642.9

326.3

0.1

0.7
4 4 .5

250.3
838.9
13, 872.3

51.9
53.8

121.2

6 ,9 9 1 .1
1 ,3 3 2 .6

50 7 .6
7.8

104.4
7.1

282.9
7 4 1.5

(3)
3.3
18.3

.1

.3

7.9
4 0 .4

188.0

2 , 021.2

20.6

2 1 0.3

39.7
65 .8
1.3
3.3

3.3

14.2
15.0
60.9

2 6 ,3 3 1

63.7

75.5
106.0
215.7

11 .6
1. 0

1. 0

-

62.3
8 .4
39.7
109.6
85.3

2.1

4.6
23.4
18.1

8.0

32.1
2 .4

.6
6.0

88.6

25.1
68 .1

1.2

120.2

316.6

6.8

82.2
185.1
157.3

2.3
12.1

1 T h e t o ta l s in th is t a b le d if f e r f r o m th o s e in p r e c e d in g ta b l e s a s t h e s e r e l a t e to s to p p a g e s en d in g d u rin g th e y e a r , a n d th u s m a y in c lu d e id le n e s s
o c c u r r in g in p r i o r y e a r s .
2 S to p p a g e s e x te n d in g in to 2 o r m o r e i n d u s t r i e s o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s h a v e b e e n c o u n te d in e a c h i n d u s t r y o r in d u s t r y g ro u p ; w o r k e r s in v o lv e d a n d
m a n - d a y s id le w e r e a ll o c a te d to th e r e s p e c ti v e i n d u s t r ie s .
3 F e w e r th a n 100.
4 In c lu d e s o th e r f in is h e d p r o d u c t s m a d e f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s .
5 E x c lu d e s o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t.
6 I n c lu d e s p r o f e s s io n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l g o o d s ; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s .
7 T h e s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e , f o r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s , b e e n d e e m e d to f a l l w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n of a w o r k s to p p a g e . T h is d o e s
n ot c o n s titu te a le g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n th a t a w o rk s to p p a g e h a s ta k e n p la c e in v i o la tio n of a n y law o r p u b lic p o lic y .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .




36

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

T a b le A -1 4 . G o v e rn m e n t w o rk s to p p a g e s by m a jo r is s u e ,1 1 9 7 0
N u m b e r of s to p p a g e s
M a jo r i s s u e
T o ta l
T o ta l--------------------------------------------------------------

412

W a g e s ------------ -------- --------------------------- ----------S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts --------------------------------------W age a d ju s t m e n t s ________________ _____________
H o u r s of w o rk ------------------------------------------------------O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s ______________________
U n ion o r g a n i z a ti o n a nd s e c u r i t y ________________
J o b s e c u r i t y ------------------ -----------------------------------P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n ------------------------------------------O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s _______________________
I n te r u n io n o r i n tr a u n io n m a t t e r s _ -------- -----N ot r e p o r t e d ---------------------- --------------------------------

225
5
19
3
59
9
71

F e d e ra l

S ta te

3

C ity

C o u n ty

School
d is tr ic t

O th e r
lo c a l
g o v e rn m e n t

23

45

166

174

1

6

20

115

1

2

3
-

_
_
-

-

-

83
3

2

1

1

12

-

5

_

1

2

1
8

12
1
10

15
3
25

-

-

27
4
28
3
3

2

1

2

_
3

-

10

1

3

-

8

6

W o rk e r s in v o lv e d (in th o u sa n d s )
T o t a l._______________________________________
W a g e s ---------------------- ----------------------- ----------- __
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f i ts --------------------------------------W age a d ju s t m e n t s --- ------------ --------------------------H o u rs of w o r k -----------------------------------------------------O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s ----------- ----------- ------------- ----U nion o r g a n iz a tio n a n d s e c u r i t y - _
J o b s e c u r i t y - ------------------------------------------- _
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n -------------------------- ---------- —
O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s -------- ------------ — —
I n te r u n io n o r i n tr a u n io n m a t t e r s --- ---------------N ot r e p o r t e d _________________________________ —

3 3 3.5
128.5
.4
162.1
-

155.8

8. 8

.6

-

22.9
2.3

-

1 1.2

3.4
.9
1.4

123.5

0. 2

20.3

94 .6

0.2

.2

2.0

_
1.7
1.4

-

29.0

10.9
-

.2

153.5

16.3

2.5
-

_
_

_
_

1.8

2.3
"

-

1.1

.2
1.1

(2)

5.4
_
.6

2 .0

2 .2

16.9

(2)
1.3

.7
3.3
.3
.9
(2)

.2

-

4.8

-

-

(2) '

-

_

.2

-

.8

M a n -d a y s id le (in th o u s a n d s )
2 ,0 2 3 .2
W a g e s ------------------ ---- ------------ — — ------ —
S u p p le m e n ta r y b e n e f its ---------------------- -----------W age a d ju s t m e n t s ---- ---- --- --------- -------------H o u r s of w o rk __ __ ____________ _____________
O th e r c o n tr a c tu a l m a t t e r s - ____________________
U nion o r g a n i z a ti o n a n d s e c u r i t y -----------------------J o b s e c u r i t y — — ______________________________
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n _____________________ ____
O th e r w o rk in g c o n d it i o n s _____________ ________
I n te r u n io n o r i n tr a u n io n m a t t e r s _______________
N ot r e p o r t e d ------------ ---------------------------- -----------

44 .6

87.7

221.9

1 ,0 2 0 .5

0 .2

11 .2

4 6 .6
-

181.8

612.1

0 .2

1.0

1.0

6 .0

-

6 4 8.3

31.8
(2)
3 .0

4.7
(2)

_
-

851.9
1.1

663.1
.7
4 1 1 .5
6.1

32.4
35 .0
1.8

6 2 0.6
-

-

6.1
2. 6

-

4.5

27.7

-

-

19.7

19.1

-

.3

.2

21 .1

3.1
8.4
.6
1.8
.1

30.8
.7
352.5
.4
1 6 .5 ,
6.7
-

-

.2

-

1 T h e s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e , f o r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s , b e e n d e e m e d to f a ll w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n of a w o r k sto p p a g e .
n o t c o n s titu te a l e g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n th a t a w o r k s to p p a g e h a s ta k e n p la c e in v io la tio n of a n y law o r p u b lic p o lic y .
2 F e w e r th a n 100.

N O T E : B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .




37

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

-

T h is d o e s

T a b le A -1 5 . G o v e rn m e n t w o rk s to p p a g e s by o c c u p a tio n , 1 9 7 0 1
N u m b e r o f sto p p a g es
O c c u p a tio n
T o ta l
A ll o c c u p a t i o n s --------------------------------------------

412

T e a c h e r s -------------------------------------------------------------N u r s e s ___________________________________________
O th e r p r o f e s s i o n a l s -------------------------------------------C l e r i c a l __________________________________________
S a n ita tio n w o r k e r s _______________________________
C r a f t s m e n ------------------------------------------------------------B lu e c o ll a r a n d m a n u a l--------------------------------------P o l i c e ------------------------------------------------------------------F i r e m e n _________________________________________
O th e r p r o t e c t i v e _________________________________
S e r v ic e w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , a n d c l e r i c a l __________
C l e r i c a l a n d b lu e c o l l a r _________________________
P r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , a n d b lu e c o l l a r ----------No in f o r m a tio n ___________________________________

152
4
22
8

55
8

44
28
11

5
33
4
11
11

F e d e ra l

S ta te

3

C o u n ty

C ity

School
d is tr ic t

O th e r
lo c a l
g o v e rn m e n t
1

23

45

166

174

3

1
1

146

3
3
7
_

2
1
10

4
48

11
2

29
26

_
3

11
2

6

5
9
4
9

_
_
_
18
3

_

1

1

7

_

1

1

1
1

3
_
4

_
-

1
2

16

2

3
3

-

1

_
_
_
-

1

6

-

-

_

-

_
_

-

2

4

W o rk e r s in v o lv e d (in th o u sa n d s )
A ll o c c u p a t i o n s _____________________________

333. 5

T e a c h e r s -------------------------------------------------------------N u r s e s -----------------------------------------------------------------O th e r p r o f e s s i o n a l s ----------------------------------------- C l e r i c a l __________________________________________
S a n ita tio n w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------C r a f t s m e n ------------------------------------------------------------B lu e c o ll a r a n d m a n u a l__________________________
P o l i c e ------------------------------------------------------------------F i r e m e n _________________________________________
O th e r p r o te c ti v e --------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e w o r k e r s --------------------------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , a n d c l e r i c a l ---------------C l e r i c a l a nd b lu e c o l l a r -------------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , a n d b lu e c o l l a r ----------N o in f o r m a tio n -----------------------------------------------------

94. 8
.4
8. 1
1. 1
1 2 .9
2. 0
160. 9
1. 6
2. 4
.2
4. 6
26. 2
1. 5
13. 2
3. 8

155. 8

8. 8

29. 0

123. 5

0. 2

(2)
3. 7
( 2)

(2)
.6
.4
1. 3
1. 4
(2)

-

-

0. 3
(2)
.8
.6
11. 6
. 3
6. 3
1. 5
2. 4

9 3. 2
.7
-

-

2. 3
1. 4
152. 1
-

16. 2

1. 1

-

-

(2)
1. 3

1

1 .9
26. 2

-

-

-

.6
.9

-

.2
1. 2

-

-

-

-

1. 2

-

1. 4
-

-

-

( 2)

.

-

.

. 3
1. 4
2. 1
1. 2

1

9. 1
1. 7

0. 2

0. 2

-

-

-

-

M a n -d a y s id le (in th o u s a n d s )
A ll o c c u p a t i o n s -------------------------------------------T e a c h e r s 3------------------------------------------------------------N u r s e s ___________________________________________
O th e r p r o f e s s i o n a l s -------------------------------------------C l e r i c a l ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------S a n ita tio n w o r k e r s ----------------------------------------------------------------C r a f t s m e n -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------B lu e c o ll a r a n d m a n u a l ------------------------------------------------------P o l i c e ____________________________________________________________
F i r e m e n --------------------------------------------------------------- '----------------------O th e r p r o t e c t i v e ---------------------------------------------------------------------S e r v ic e w o r k e r s 3 --------------------------------------- ■
---------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , a n d c l e r i c a l ---------------------C l e r i c a l a nd b lu e c o l l a r __________________________________
P r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l , a n d b lu e c o l l a r --------------No in f o r m a t io n ________________________________________________

2 ,0 2 3 . 2
93 5 . 6
4 .4
40. 3
3. 2
7 5. 2
4. 1
72 8 . 8
6. 8
13. 8
. 3
23. 2
92. 1
9. 6
60. 9
25. 1

44. 6

-

27. 7
-

1 .4
61 9 . 2

8 7. 7

221. 9

1 9 .4
.2
7. 5
(2)

64 8 . 3

0. 9
. 1
. 6

4. 3
3 .9
3. 1
1. 7
70. 1
2. 2
68. 5
6. 3
13. 8
. 3
2 .4

. 5
7. 1

-

1. 5
5. 1
-

33. 9

-

.
-

-

-

-

-

-

5 .9
.
-

(2)
2. 9

2

3. 6

6

1

.

0

20. 2

20. 9

8. 6
34. 7
2. 1

1 T h e s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e , f o r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s ,, b e e n d e e m e d to f a ll w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n
d e c is io n d o e s n o t c o n s titu te a le g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n th a t a w o rk s to p p a g e h a s v i o la te d a n y la w o r p u b lic p o lic y .
2 F e w e r th a n 100.
3 In c lu d e s id le n e s s in s to p p a g e s b e g in n in g in p r e v io u s y e a r s .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .




38

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

1 , 0 2 0 .5

0. 2

91 1 . 1
-

0. 2

1. 3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 1 .9
91. 8

-

-

2. 3

-

-

2. 0

o f a w o rk s to p p a g e .

T h is

T a b le A -1 6 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by regio n and S ta te 1 9 7 0
W ork s to p p a g e s
R e g io n a n d S ta te
N um ber

M e an
d u r a tio n 2

M a n -d a y s o f i d le n e s s
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d
(th o u s a n d s )

As a p e rc e n t
o f p r iv a t e
n o n a g r i c u lt u r a l
w o rk in g tim e

N um ber
( th o u s a n d s )

U n ited S ta te s -----------------------------------------------

5 ,7 1 6

2 8 .8

N ew E n g la n d ------------- ----------------------------------------M a in e --------------------------------------------------------N ew H a m p s h ir e ______________________________
V e r m o n t ______________________________________
M a s s a c h u s e t t s _______________________________
R h o d e I s la n d ---------------------------------------------------C o n n e c t ic u t ... -----------------------------------------------

378

40 .5
26 .0
14.7
36.7
53.7
2 7 .4
28 .5

126.6
7.7
3.6
53.5
16.3
39.4

125.7
37.0
188.5
1 ,4 1 9 .2
270.1
6 2 0.7

M id d le A t l a n t i c ---------------------------------------------------N ew Y o rk --------------------------------------------------------N ew J e r s e y ----------------------------------------------------P e n n s y lv a n i a --------------------------------------------------

1 ,4 8 6
570
2 80
636

25.7
30.6
18.9
22.6

7 7 3.2
358.0
136.9
278.2

1 1 ,7 2 4 .2
5, 872.7
2, 156.4
3 ,6 9 5 .1

.36
.36
.34
.37

E a s t N o rth C e n t r a l --------------------------------------------O h io ------------------- ---------------------------------------------I n d ia n a _______________________________________
I l l i n o i s _______________________________________
M ic h ig a n ______________________________________
W is c o n s in -------------------------------------------------------

1 ,6 9 7
632

32.0
33.7
39.0
29.5
25.7
39.7

1 ,0 7 8 .9
333.4
117.6
25 5 .2
323.6
4 9 .2

2 8 , 153.2
7 ,4 5 7 .6
3, 328.7
4 ,8 6 0 .8
11, 143.5
1 ,3 6 2 .7

.82
.50
1.75
.41

W e st N o r th C e n t r a l ---------------------------------------------M in n e s o t a -------------------------------------------------------Iow a___________________________________________
M is s o u r i --------------------------------------------------------N o rth D a k o ta -------------------------------------------------S o u th D a k o ta ---------------------------------------------------N e b r a s k a --------------------------------------------------------K a n s a s _______________________________________

490
114
89
169

4 7 .4
4 0 .2

261.7
5 8 .8
27.6
123.4
3.0

36
49

29.8

15.8
3 0 .8

7 ,4 9 8 .5
1 ,5 1 4 .8
501.1
4, 6 1 8.2
17.2
24.1
2 4 8 .2
5 7 4 .7

S outh A t l a n t i c -----------------------------------------------------D e l a w a r e ----------------------------------- -----------------M a r y l a n d --------------------------------------------------------D i s t r i c t o f C o l u m b ia -------------------------------------V ir g in ia ---------------------- ---------------------------------W e st V i r g i n i a ------------------------------------------------N o r th C a r o li n a -----------------------------------------------S o u th C a r o l i n a _______________________________
G e o r g ia _______________________________________
F l o r i d a ------------*----------------------------------------------

846
29
91
25
127
313
45
14
72
130

2 2 .0

17.1
18.4
14.7
14.4
18.8
31 .4
8.3
4 1 .2
28 .7

32 2 .8
14.4
43.1
7.7
4 8 .0
117.0
12.5
4.5
4 4 .9
30.7

4 , 943.1
2 7 9 .3
78 2 .0
82.5
3 1 6 .8
1 ,0 6 7 .3
116.2
65 .6
1 ,6 0 6 .8
6 2 6 .7

E a s t S outh C e n t r a l ------------------------- -----------------K e n tu c k y ------------------ '--------------------------------------T e n n e s s e e ------------------------------------------------------A l a b a m a ---------------------------------------------------------M i s s i s s i p p i -----------------------------------------------------

401
161
107
98
35

28.6
24 .2
4 3 .1
2 4 .0
28 .2

2 1 4.9
103.9
4 5 .8
53.6

4 ,4 5 8 .8
1 ,0 7 2 .6
1 ,2 6 1 .3
1 ,9 1 3 .4
21 1 .5

.55
.50
.45
.94
.19

W e st S outh C e n t r a l --------------------------------------------A r k a n s a s --------------------------------------------------------L o u is ia n a --------------------------------------------------------O k la h o m a --------------------------------------------------------T e x a s -------------------------------------------- -----------------

254
30
55
28
141

2 4 .3
4 9 .4
2 7 .4
2 4 .8
17.0

10 1. 6
12.1
21.6
8 .8

1 ,7 1 1 .6
320.1
4 4 6 .5
155.3
78 9 .7

.14
.2 9

M o u n ta in _________________________________________
M o n tan a___________________________ : ---------------Id a h o ---------------------------------------------------------------W y om ing________________________ ____________
C o lo r a d o ______________________________________
N ew M e x ic o ----------------------------------------------------A r i z o n a _______________________________________
U tah _____________________ -______ _____________
N e v a d a ....... ....................................-------- ------------------

189
18
15

87.7
6 .3
5.6
2.7
15.8

83 0 .4
28.1
35.5

22

17.8
5 .7
7.0
3.5
25.0
10.7
2 6 .4
8.7

23

21.1

29.5

P a c i f i c ----------------------------------------------------------------W a sh in g to n ........................................................................
O r e g o n -------------------------------------- -----------------C a l i f o r n i a ----------------------------- ----------------------A la s k a ________________________________________
H a w a ii________________________________________

478
57
39
343
17

19.3
2 6 .8
19.7
18.4
3 2 .8
31 .9

335.7
17.3
2 1 .9
28 8 .2
1.5

21
22
21

184
39
91

220

413
313
119

12
21

8

43
28
32

22

29.8

6 7 .5
7.6
15.5
19.4

3, 305

6.1

2 .2

11.6

59.2

6 6 ,4 1 4

0 .4 4

2 , 66 1 .2

0.2 6
.18
.06
.6 0
.28
.36
.21

.88
.86

.68

.53
.28
1.32
.06
.08
.26
.43
.23
.60
.28
.09
i

.11
1. 0 0
.1 0

.04
.4 9
.14

.21
.1 0
.10

6.1

.16
.07
.09
.03

6.2

193.5
4 3 .9

.08

11.7

222.6

.20

10.1

31.6
269.1

.0 4
.64

6.8

4, 4 0 8 .3
310.7
24 4 .2
3 ,6 6 5 .3
35 .4
152.7

.12

.21

.14
.17
.22

.24
.26

1 S to p p a g e s e x te n d in g a c r o s s S ta te lin e s h a v e b e e n c o u n te d s e p a r a t e l y in e a c h S ta te a ff e c te d ; w o r k e r s in v o lv e d a n d m a n - d a y s
id le w e r e a ll o c a te d a m o n g th e S ta te s .
I n fo r m a tio n w a s n o t a v a ila b le to m a k e a ll o c a tio n s in a s to p p a g e in v o lv in g g o v e rn m e n t e m p lo y e e s .
2 W e ig h te d by m u ltip ly in g th e d u r a tio n o f e a c h s to p p a g e by th e w o r k e r s in v o lv e d .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e o f r o u n d in g ,




s u m s of in d iv id u a l ite m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

39

T a b le A -1 7 . W o r k sto p p a g e s by S ta te and m e tro p o lita n area ,1 1 9 7 0
( W o r k e r s i n v o l v e d and m a n - d a y s in thou sa nd s)

S ta te and m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a

S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g
in y e a r

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

N um ber
5 ,7 1 6

M o n tg o m e r y ______________________________
T u s c a lo o s a _______________________________
A la s k a ------------------------------------------------------------A r i z o n a ---------------------------------------------------------P h o e n i x ----------------------------------------------------T u c s o n -----------------------------------------------------A r k a n s a s ____________________________________
F t. S m it h _________________________________
L i tt le R ockH M orth L i tt le R ock----------------A n a h e im — a n ta A na— a r d e n G r o v e ______
S
G
B a k e r s f i e l d ______________________________
F r e s n o -----------------------------------------------------L o s A n g e le s — ong B e a c h ________________
L
O x n a rd — e n t u r a --------------------------------------V
S a c r a m e n to ______________________________
S a lin a s — o n te r e y ________________________
M
San B e r n a r d i n o — iv e r s id e — n t a r i o _____
R
O
San D ie g o --------------------------------------------------San F r a n c i s c o — a k la n d __________________
O
M a r in C o unty__________________________
O a k la n d — a s t B a y _____________________
E
S a n F r a n c i s c o _________________________
S a n M a te o C o u n ty -------------------------------San J o s e __________________________________
S a n ta B a r b a r a ------------------------------------------S to c k to n ----------------------------------------------------C o lo r a d o --------------------------------------------------------D e n v e r ___________________________________
P u e b lo ____________________________________
B r i d g e p o r t _______________________________
H a r t f o r d __________________________________
N ew B r i ta i n _______________________________
N ew H a v e n _______________________________
N ew L o n d o n — ro to rr— o rw ic h ____________
G
N
N o rw a lk ___________________________________
S ta m f o rd ---------------------------------------------------W a te r b u r y ________________________________
D e l a w a r e -------------------------------------------------------W ilm in g to n -----------------------------------------------(D e la w a re p o r tio n ) ------------------------------D i s t r i c t of C o lu m b ia ------------------------------------W a s h in g to n ________________________________
( D i s t r i c t of C o lu m b ia p o r ti o n ) -----------( M a r y la n d p o r tio n ) ------------------------------( V ir g in ia p o r ti o n ) -------------------------------F l o r i d a ----------------------------------------------------------F t. L a u d e r d a le — o lly w o o d ----------------------H
J a c k s o n v i l l e ---------------------------------------------M ia m i -------------------------------------------------------u n a n a u ____
P e n s a c o l a ____________________________
T a m p a—St. P e t e r s b u r g ------------------------------W e s t P a l m B e a c h --------------------------------------G e o r g i a _________________________________
A t l a n t a ---------------------------------------------------------(G e o r g ia p o r tio n )----------------------------------(South C a r o lin a p o r tio n )----------------------C o lu m b u s -----------------------------------------------------(G e o r g ia p o r tio n )----------------------------------M a c o n ----------------------------------------------------------S a va n n ah -------------------------------------------------------

3, 305.2

6 6 ,4 1 3 .8

98
37
6

53.6
22.5
3.3

17

A l l s t a t e s -------

A l a b a m a --------------------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m ______________________________
G a d s d e n ___________________________________

W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

12 .8

2
6

1.6

1 ,9 1 3 .4
1 ,4 9 3 .0
113.6
143.9
.9
36.4
35.4

17
32
21
6

30
5
13
343
20

15
16
103
16
23

D e c a t u r -------------------------------------------------------P e o r ia ----------------------------------------------------------S p r i n g f ie l d --------------------------------------------------In d ia n a --------------------------------------------------------------A n d e r s o n -----------------------------------------------------E v a n s v i l l e ____________________________
(Indiana p o r tio n )-----------------------------------F t . W a y n e . , ___________________________
G a r y —H a m m on d —E a s t C h i c a g o --------------In d ia n a p o lis --------------------------------------------------

2

1.5
11.7
5.4
1.9
12.1
.8

5.6
2 8 8.2
16.3
3.2
2.3
135.2
3.4
13.5

11

6. 6

29

18.6

222.6

191.0
2.1

320.1
32.4
142.3
3, 665.3
85.0
11 .0

23.1
2, 027.3
17.0
35.3
143.8
166.2

12

6 .0

102.8

129
5
65
37

58.5

22
22
20

2. 8

.5
39.4
7.1
5.7
6.7
9.3

770.9
15.8
632.7
86.5
35.9
32 .6
107.5
17.6
193.5
139.9
1.7
620.7
239.8
58.6
19.6
139.1

1.2

11 .2

.7

10.5
9 .6
3.3
279.3
289.9
278.7
82 .5
113.1
82 .5
23 .4
7.2
626.7
24.1
42.9
339.3
10.4
10.7
4 5 .2
35.2
1 , 6 0 6 .8
1 ,3 1 2 .1
4.3
4.3
50.2
4 6 .4
146.0
13.5
152.7
32 .4
35.5
7.7
4 , 860:8
24.8
13.4

16
43
25
5
91
16
16
6

27
12
6

7
8

29
36
28
25
51
25
17
9
130
17
16
37
13
7
17
9
72
33
5
5
9
7
8

5
22

H o n o lu lu ------------------------------------------------------Idaho-----------------------------------------------------------------B o i s e -----------------------------------------------------------I l l i n o i s --------------------------------------------------------------B lo o m in g to n —N o rm a ]---------------------------------C h a m p a ig n —U r b a n a -----------------------------------C h ic a g o -N o r t h w e s t e r n Ind iana S ta n d a r d
C o n s o lid a t e d A r e a -----------------------------------

.9

14
15
6

413
8
8

206
170
18
23
13
11
22 0
8

29
28
19
36
32

.2

31.1
24.4
6.5
6 .2

3.0
15.8
11 .0

2. 6
1.1

14.4
15.0
14.2
7.7
1 1.8

7.7
3.0
1.1

30.7
3.9
3.4
8.5
1.6
1.2

4 .8
1.6

44.9
30.9
.6
.6

.7
.7
2.8
1.2
6. 8

3.7
5.6
.5
255.2
1.7
1.1

191.6
172.3
4.7
3.6
3.8
1.1

117.6
5.4
17.6
17.6
4 .5
19.3
16.3

3 ,8 5 9 .2
3 ,4 9 0 .6
179.7
54.2
72.3
32.6
3 ,3 2 8 .7
2 4 6.2
811.3
811.3
333.3
368.7
291,3

S ta te a n d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a

N um ber
In d ia n a — C o n tin u e d
M u n c ie ____________________________________
S o u th B e n d _______________________________
T e r r e H a u t e ______________________________
Iowa----------------------------------------------------------------C e d a r R a p id s _____________________________
D a v e n p o r t— o c k I s la n d — o lin e ___ !______
R
M
(Iow a p o r t i o n ) -------------------------------------(Illin o is p o r ti o n ) ---------------------------------D e s M o in e s _________________ ___________
Dub uq u e _______________ __ _______________
S io u x C i t y ------------------------------------------------(Iow a p o r t i o n ) --------------------------- — __
W a te r lo o -------------------------------------------- ---K a n s a s ------------------------ -------------------------------T opefca --______________________________ ___
K e n tu c k y _____________________________ ______
T
ngl-rm ....
............
L o u i s v i l l e ______ ___________ __________(K e n tu c k y p o r t i o n ) ------------------------------P a d u c a h ----------------------------------- -----------------L o u is ia n a ----------------------------- ----------------B a to n R o u g e ------------- ----------------------------L a k e C h a r l e s -------------------------------------------M on r o e_____ ____________________________ _
N ew O r l e a n s — -----------------------------------------M a in e .................................................................. ................
M a r y l a n d ___ ___ __________________ __________ _
B a l t i m o r e _________________— ____________
C u m b e rla n d -------------- — — -----------------M a s s a c h u s e t t s ___ _______ ___ _____________ _
B o s to n — __________________________
____
B r o c k to n _____ _________________ _________
F a l l R i v e r ---------------------- ------ ------ -----( M a s s a c h u s e t ts p o r tio n ) ------------ ------(R h o d e I s la n d p o r t i o n ) _________ ____
F i tc h b u r g ____ ____
__________ ________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h il l --------------------------------H
( M a s s a c h u s e t ts p o r tio n ) ---------------------L o w e ll_______ _______ ___
N ew B e d fo rd -------------------- ---- - _______
P i t t s f i e l d _________________________________
S p r in g f ie ld — h ic o p e e —H o ly o k e___ _ ____
C
( M a s s a c h u s e t ts p o r tio n ) -------------- ---W o r c e s te r
-----------------------------M ic h ig a n ______________ ___
__ ___ ____
A nn A r b o r _______ _ ____ ____ ________
B a y C i t y ------------------------- ---- ----------------D e t r o i t ______________
— _ — _____
F l i n t ---------------------------- --------------------------G r a n d R a p id s — — — _____________________
J a c k s o n _____ ________________ _________
K a l a m a z o o ------------------ ---- ----------- -----L a n s in g ______________________ — _ ____
M u sk e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h ts _____
M
___
S a g in a w ----------------------------------------------------M in n e s o t a ____________________ __________ ___
D u lu th —
Supe r i o r — _______________________
(M in n e s o ta p o r ti o n ) ___________________
(W is c o n s in p o r ti o n ) _____ ______________
M in n e a p o lis —
St. P a u l_____________________
M i s s i s s i p p i ____________ ______________
l a r k s on..
M is s o u r i ________________ ______ ___
K a n s a s C ity ____ ___ ____ ________ ___ ____
( M i s s o u r i p o r t i o n ) ------------------------------( K a n s a s p o r tio n ) ______________________
St. J o s e p h ________________________________
St. L o u is --------------------------- _ -----------------( M i s s o u r i p o r t i o n ) _________________ _
(Illin o is p o r tio n ) ______________________
S p r in g f i e l d ------------- -------------------------------M o n tan a------------------------------------ ------------------B u tte ______________________________________
G r e a t F a l l s _____________ ________________
N e b r a s k a __________________________
L in c o ln ____________________________________
O m a h a __________________________
_ _
( N e b r a s k a p o r ti o n ) ______________ ____
N e v a d a ________________ _____________________
L a s V e g a s ________________________________
R e n o __________________ ____ ___________
New H a m p s h ir e ----------------------------------------M a n c h e s t e r ____ ___________________ ___
N ew J e r s e y ______________ ________—
____ __
A tla n tic C ity ---------------------------------------------J e r s e y C i t y __________ ____ ___ ____ __
N e w a rk ---------------- -----— __ ______
P a t e r s o n — lifto n — a s s a i c ----------------------C
P
P e r t h A m b o y ______ -_- _-_-_-_____ ______
T r e n to n _____ _____________________________

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e nd of t a b le .




S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g
in y e a r

40

9
22

14
89

W o rk e rs
in v o lv e d
4.8
2.9
2 .4
27 .6

12

1.8

34
9
25
14

16.2
3.9

12

15
14
10

49
18
161
14
54
51
5
55
10

5
2
20
21

91
66
6

184
86
6
11
11

8
8

7
5
9
11
21
20

14
313
10
10

127
16
23
7
11

18

12 .2

8.3
2.7
1.7
1.7
.9
30.8
11.1

103.9
3.7
51 .0
50.2
1.3
21.6
10.1

1.3
.4
3.4
7.7
43.1
29.6
.9
53.5
2 8 .8
.4
1.0
1.0

.4
.9
.9
.9
1.0

.7
4 .3
4 .3
3.9
3 2 3.6
8.9
4.9
155.2
57.7
12.4
2.5
4.7
22.7

11

2 .0

19
114
15

16.1
58.8
4 .2
2.9
1.3
43 .3

10

5
78
35
8

169
43
30
13
9
109
72
37
13
18
6

5
36
5
22

18
23
13
7
22
11

280
11

40
96
55
40
21

11 .6
1.0

123.4
60.8
50.3
10.5
1.6

5 6 .4
48.1
8.3
3.0
6.3
1.5
.5
15.8
2.9
7.6
6.7
29.5
23.1
.9
3.6
2.2

136.9
1.5
13.0
4 9 .3
13.4
17.1
6.7

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

201.2

21 .4
11.5
501.1
35.1
94 .9
19.9
75.1
231.9
15.3
195.7
9 8 .5
17.4
574.7
24 3 .4
1 ,0 7 2 .6
75 .0
6 7 1.3
655.9
25.9
4 4 6 .5
265.3
38.1
9 .8
4 1.7
125.7
78 2 .0
70 1 .6
22.7
1 ,4 1 9 .2
8 1 5 .4
13.9
18.1
17.9
.2

17.1
9 .2
9 .2
11.7
28.9
154.6
109.1
108.7
32.5
11, 143.5
3 9 5 .8
2 0 5 .2
4, 87 0 .5
2, 634.1
397.3
71 .8
160.6
946.1
19.8
638.3
1 ,5 1 4 .8
4 0 .0
30.8
9 .3
1 ,0 6 7 .0
2 1 1.5
20.6

4, 6 1 8.2
3, 3 6 2.0
3 ,1 0 4 .5
2 5 7.5
63.5
1, 37 2 .8
1, 211.6
161.2
19.7
28.1
4 .8
5.9
24 8 .2
61 .0
56.6
54.4
269.1
95 .7
1.9
37.0
14.0
2 ,1 5 6 .4
3.4
90.1
681.9
150.8
4 3 4 .0
2 3 2 .4

T a b le A -1 7 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by S ta te and m etro po litan area ,11 9 7 0 — C ontinued
( W o r k e r s in v o lv e d a nd m a n - d a y s in th o u sa n d s )
S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g
in y e a r

S ta te a n d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a

W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

N um ber
N ew M e x ic o ________ _______________________
A lb u q u e r q u e ________ ___ ______________
N ew Y ork ____________________________________
A lb a n y — c h e n e c ta d y — r o y ----------------------S
T
B in g h a m to n ----------------------------------------------(New Y o rk p o r t i o n ) ----------------------------B u f f a lo ----------------------------------------------- ---K in g s to n — e w b u rg h — o u g h k e e p s ie --------N
P
N ew Y o rk — o r t h e a s t e r n
N
N ew J e r s e y ________ ___________________
N ew Y o rk , N .Y . S M S A 3 _________________
N a s s a u a n d S uffolk C o u n t ie s -------------N ew Y o rk C i t y 4 ______________________
R o c k la n d C o u n ty ---------------------------------W e s t c h e s t e r C o u n ty __________________
R o c h e s t e r ___ ______________ ________ _
S y r a c u s e ---- -------------------------------------------U tica —R o m e ______________________________
N o r th C a r o lin a ----------------------------------------------C h a r l o t t e -------------------------------------------------G r e e n s b o r o — igh P o in t— in s to n H
W
S a le m - ___________________________ ____
R a le ig h ----------- ----------------------------------------N o r th D a k o ta ------------------------------------------------F a r g o — o o r h e a d _________________________
M
(N o rth D a k o ta p o r tio n ) ________ ______
O h io ---------------------------------------- --------------------A k ro n

..

..

............ .

_

. ...............

C a n to n ____________________________________
C i n c in n a t i ___ _ _ _____
_____________
(O hio p o r t i o n ) -------------------------------------(K e n tu c k y p o r t i o n ) _____ _____________
C le v e la n d _________________________________
C o lu m b u s _______ ____ ___ ____________
D a y to n

...

_

_

....

..

H a m ilto n — id d le to w n ___________ ______
M
L im a ______________________________________
L o r a in - E l y r i a ---------- —
— -------------- _
M a n s fie ld _________________________________
S p r in g f i e l d --------- ---------------------- ---- —
S te u b e n v ille — e ir ton_____________________
W
(O hio p o rtio n ) _ ______________________
(W est V ir g in ia p o r tio n ) . ---------------- _
To l prfn

(O hio p o r t i o n ) __________ _____________
(M ic h ig a n p o r ti o n ) __ ____ ____
Y oungs to w n - W a r r e n - ------------ -------- -----O k la h o m a ____________________________________
O k la h o m a

C ity

....

._

.

T u l s a _______ ___ _______________________
O r e g o n - ------- ------_ ______________ _ _
E u g e n e ------------------------ --- --------------P o r t l a n d ------ — - ____ _
________ __
(O re g o n p o r tio n ) ______________ __ __
(W a sh in g to n p o r t i o n ) ___
____ ____
P e n n s y lv a n i a - ---- _
— _ ---A llen to w n — e th le h e m — a s to n -------- -----B
E
( P e n n s y lv a n ia p o r tio n ) _______ _______
(N ew J e r s e y p o r tio n ) — ------- -----------A ltoona----- ----—
_ _ ___
_ — _
E r ie __ ____
__ ____ _____ —
H a r r i s b u r g — _______
____ „ _______
--------------------------- -----J o h n s to w n --------

28
14
570
53
14
12
100

’

6.2
2.1

358.0
14.7
1.2
1.1

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )
43 .9
17.0
5, 872.7
567.2
8.5
8 .0

17

57 .4
2.9

1 ,4 0 6 .1
46 .3

583
352
78
215

332.3
2 3 9 .4
17.3
199.2

3, 98 1 .5
2, 6 2 4.7
153.9
1 ,9 7 9 .6
32.1
4 5 9.1
5 0 4.6
324.8
125.6
116.2
34 .4

12

1.1

47
25
30
9
45
15

21.9
12.5

10

5
12
6

5
632
59
28
70
60
8
111

52
36
16

10 .8

1.7
12.5
5.4
1.0
.6

3.0
.5
.5
33 3 .4
4 7 .0
7.9
4 1 .8
39.1
2.6

82.5
18.1
8.0

7.4

6

1.1

24
15
14
17

5.6
5.1
1.4

10

7
46
39
7
56
28
9
8

39

2 .6
2.0
.6

19.1
13.5
5.6
28.1
8 .8
1.6
1.2

5.8
2.1

17.2
5.0
5.0
7 ,4 5 7 .6
886.9
86.2

1, 144.3
1, 123.5
17.8
2 ,3 0 7 .4
333.1
107.7
212.7
4 .7
161.8
146.1
47 .9
67 .0
53.0
14.0
188.2
1 1 0 .6

77 .6
595.3
155.3
14.1
6.0

22

21.9
2.9
10.9
9.7

5
636
41
33

2 7 8.2
6.5
5.7

8

.8

88.0
2.0

9

6.4
2.7
5.0
2.4

46 .3
254.1
27.1
28.1

6

27

12
10
12

1.2

24 4 .2
5.4
161.7
154.1
7.6
3 ,6 9 5 .1
90.1

S ta te a n d m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a

S to p p a g e s b e g in n in g
in y e a r
N um ber

P e n n s y lv a n ia — C o n tin u e d
L a n c a s t e r _______________________________
P h i la d e l p h ia -------------------------------------------( P e n n s y lv a n ia p o r tio n ) ----------------------(New J e r s e y p o r tio n ) ________________
P i tt s b u r g h _______________________________
R e a d in g __________________________________
S c r a n t o n _________________________________
W il k e s - B a r r e — a z l e t o n ------------------------H
Y o r k -------------------------------------------------------R h o d e Is la n d ________________________________
P r o v id e n c e — a w tu c k e t---------------------------P
(R hode I s la n d p o r t i o n ) _______________
( M a s s a c h u s e tts p o r tio n ) _____________
S o u th C a r o l i n a ______________________________
C h a r l e s t o n ----------------------------------------------S o u th D a k o ta _______________ __ ___________
S io u x F a l l s ______________________________
T e n n e s s e e _________ _______________________
C h a tta n o o g a ______________________________
( T e n n e s s e e p o r t i o n ) --------------------------K n o x v ille _______ _______________________
M e m p h is _________________________________
( T e n n e s s e e p o r t i o n ) --------------------------N a s h v i ll e _________________ _____________
T e x a s -----------------------------------------------------------A m a r i l l o _—— _—— — — — __ -______
B e a u m o n t— o r t A r t h u r --------------------------P
D a l l a s -----------------------------------------------------E l P a s o _____________________ i ___________
F t. W o rth ________________________________
G a lv e s to n — e x a s C ity _____________ ____
T
H o u s to n ____ ___________ ____ _____ __
San A n to n io ------ ------- --------------------------U ta h -------------------------------- ---------------------------O gden____________________________________
S a lt L a k e C ity _______________ ______ __
V e r m o n t ____________________________________
V ir g in ia _______ ________ __________________
L y n c h b u rg --------------- ----------------------------N e w p o rt N ew s— a m p to n _________________
H
N o rfo lk — o r ts m o u th _____________________
P
R ic h m o n d ________________________________
R narnV p
.........
.... ..
. ..
W a s h in g to n __________________________________
S e a ttle — v e r e t t --------------------------------------E
T a c o m a __________________________________
W e st V i r g i n i a _____ _______________________
C h a r l e s t o n ____________________ __________
H u n tin g to n — sh la n d --------------------------------A
(W est V ir g in ia p o r tio n ) ------------------ _
(K e n tu c k y p o r ti o n ) ___________________
(O hio p o r ti o n ) __________________ ____
W h e elin g ________________________ _______
(W e st V ir g in ia p o r tio n ) _______
__ _
W is c o n s in -------------------- ----------------------------G r e e n B a y --------------------------------------K e n o sh a -------------------------- ----------------------M a d iso n — --------------------- _ --------- -----M ilw a u k e e --------------------------------------- -----R a c in e ------------ ----------- --------- ------------W y o m in g ---------------------- ----------------------- ---C a s p e r ------------- ----------------------- --------

10

188
146
42
159
24
28
35
13
39
42
34

W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d
0.7
120.4
101.4
19.0
4 3 .6
9.0
5.8
6.5
3.1
16.3
13.5
13.3

8

.2

14
5

4.5

21
11

107
25
24
12

25
24
19
141
5
34
14
13
6

5
41
5
22

5
15
21

127
6

7
8

13
5
57
23
13
313
29
30
18
7
5
20

16
119

1.2
2.2
.6

45.8
4 .4
4 .4
11.9
12.6
12.6

4 .5
59.2
2.3
6 .2
8. 2
2.8

7.1
.5
8 .0
1.1
10.1
1.6
6. 8
6.1

4 8 .0
.9
1.4
3.3
2.7
3.6
17-2
5.4
2. 6

117.0
5.4
8.9
6.4
1.3
1.3
5.9
5.5
4 9 .2

M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s).

4 .4
2, 195.4
1 ,7 0 9 .2
4 8 6 .2
4 4 6 .4
126.1
133.2
213.3
1 2 .0

270.1
262.9
26 2 .0
.9
65 .6
11 .2

24.1
15.9
1 ,2 6 1 .3
114.3
114.3
505.9
4 3 5 .4
4 3 5 .4
35.2
789.7
21.8

9 4 .6
9 9 .4
16.1
20 5 .8
5.0
86.2

4 .7
31.6
2.7
24 .0
188.5
316.8
6.7
5.8
18.8
62.8
91 .8
310.7
170.3
61.2
1 ,0 6 7 .3
38.6
4 0 .9
28.9
9 .5
2.5
26 1 .5
2 5 1.7
1, 362.7

6

.8

5
9
39
13

.3
4 .3
23.3
2 .6

89 .9
719.1
94.9

8.1
1.0

8

2.7

6.1

5

.1

1.5

1 I n c lu d e s d a ta f o r e a c h m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a in w h ic h 5 s to p p a g e s o r m o r e b e g a n in 1970.
S o m e m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a s in c lu d e c o u n tie s in m o r e th a n 1 S ta te , a n d h e n c e , a n a r e a m a y e q u a l o r e x c e e d th e to ta l f o r th e S ta te in w h ic h th e m a j o r
c ity is lo c a te d . I n te r m e t r o p o l it a n a r e a s to p p a g e s a r e c o u n te d s e p a r a t e l y in e a c h a r e a a ff e c te d ; th e w o r k e r s in v o lv e d a n d m a n - d a y s id le w e r e a ll o c a te d to
th e r e s p e c ti v e a r e a s . S to p p a g e s in th e m in in g an d lo g g in g i n d u s t r ie s a r e e x c lu d e d f ro m m e t r o p o li ta n a r e a t o ta l s b u t n o t f r o m S ta te t o ta l s .
2 In c lu d e d in th e C h ic a g o , 111.— o r t h e r n I n d ia n a S ta n d a r d C o n s o lid a te d A r e a .
N
3 In c lu d e d in th e N ew Y o rk — o r t h e a s t e r n N ew J e r s e y S ta n d a r d C o n s o lid a te d A r e a .
N
4 I n c lu d e d in th e N ew Y o rk SM SA.

NOTE:

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .




41

T a b le A -1 8. W o r k sto p p ag es in S ta te s having 2 5 sto p p a g e s.o r m ore by industry, 1 9 7 0 1
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
A la b a m a
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

I n d u s tr y g ro u p

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ______________________________
M a n u fa c tu r in g ___________________

___________

O r d n a n c e a nd a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ---------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s __________
L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e ___ __________________________________
F u r n it u r e a n d f i x t u r e s __________________________
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a nd a ll i e d p r o d u c t s -------------- --------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s _____
R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ---------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , ex c ep t
o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ----------------- ---------------M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ---------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

A r iz o n a
M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

A rk an sas
M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

98

53.6

1 ,9 1 3 .4

32

11.7

222.6

30

12.1

320.1

53

2 0 .4

5 3 3 .8

5

1.1

36.7

15

2.8

103.1

3
-

0.4
( 2)

1 1. 0

1

.2

-

-

_
-

-

5

1.4

23 .0

-

-

-

-

-

2
1

.8
.2
1.6

1
1

( 2)

0.1
1.6

3
3
-

' .4
5.1
.5
.5

2 7 .4
1.7
2 3 .4
8.5
151.4
23 .3
17.5

0.3
.3
.3

3

3.5
1.4

162.2
17.8

1
6

(2)
4 .5

.1

-

-

4
3
5
6

3
10

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------

45

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g --------------------------------------- --------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -----------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3 --------------------------------------------------------

.
4
19
10
6

3
3

33.2

-

6 6 .3
-

-

0.1

-

19.7
11.6

.4
.4

22 .4
-

-

-

.8

1

.1

.3
-

11.4
-

2
1

.8
.1

5 .8

-

-

-

1

.8

-

-

34.4
-

-

-

.4

1

( 2)

15

9.3

2 1 7 .0

.

.
0 .4
4 .9

_
12.4
1 96.0

3.7
.3

3.7
4 .9

1

1

1

1 ,3 7 9 .6

27

10.5

185.9

.

_

1.0

2 .0

1, 349.1

_
3.4
2.5

.
63.6

2 3 .8

_
4
9

7.4
.3
.5

11.1
12 .0

8
1

4 .3

5.1
.3

-

-

2

.1
.2

.2

-

3

C a l if o r n ia

.1

1 1 0.0

5.5
.4
5.1
1.3

2
1

-

2
10
1

2

C o lo r a d o

.1

10.7
6.5
12.9

.8

.8

C o n n e c tic u t

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ______________________________

343

28 8 .2

3 ,6 6 5 .3

43

15.8

193.5

91

3 9 .4

6 2 0 .7

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________

136

4 2 .2

1 ,3 0 7 .6

9

2.4

59 .4

33

20.8

5 0 8 .8

1

0.1

14
-

4 .5
.1

2 .3
-

2

-

_
57 .3
-

_
0 .3
-

1

3 .0
132.3
.5

1

.1

_
7 .8
.5

-

-

-

-

-

(2 )
( 2)
-

-

-

.5

2.3

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s __________________ ________
T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------- A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e ________________________________________
F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ----------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -----R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , e x c ep t
o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t--------------------------------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l -----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t---------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

6

10

.9

19.5

-

7
4

12.4
14.5

-

4

.7
.5
1.4
.3

12
1

1.6
.1

4
1

5
9

2.7
( 2)
.6
1.6

2 .3
107.5
1.5
25 .6
37 .9

2.7
3 .8

46.1
6 2 .8

1

1.7
18.3

79.1
63 5 .2

8

22

9
8

13
3

-

21.8

.2

1
2
1

3
4
-

.5
.5
3.2
-

4 4 .2

.5
-

(2 )

1.4

4
7

2 .4
7.5

9.1
123.5

-

-

-

3
3

.5
5.2

5 6 .9
168.8

-

-

-

(2)

4 .9

2

58

18.6

111.9

16 .8

1

6 6 .6

1

-

.6

2 2 .1

-

-

-

.2

1.0
2.8

90 .4
-

.5

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -----------------------------------------

209

24 6 .0

2 ,3 5 7 .7

34

13.4

134.1

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ------------------------------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c tio n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3____________________________________

13

9.5
.3
96.1

2 3 4 .3
9.1
4 3 0 .8

2
2
12

0 .1

4.1
1.5

2 .4
93.4
4 .8

1
22

2 .5

2 9 .4

94.0
8.7
( 2)

1 ,0 8 5 .6
167.9
.4
74.2
355.5

7
3

4.1

11.1

9

3.9

.2

1
2

( 2)

5

3.2

7.1
( 2)
3.1
12.3

2 5 .3
3 .4
-

2

57
32
49
2

28
26

1.6

3 5 .8

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .




42

.1

_

_
0.1

_
1.0

6

.2

-

-

2

.1

1.1

11.7

51.7

18

T a b le A -1 8 . W o r k sto p p a g e s in S ta te s having 2 5 sto p p a g e s or m o re by industry, 1 9 7 0 1
— C o n tin ued
( W o r k e r s a n d m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
D e la w a r e
I n d u s tr y g ro u p

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
in v o lv e d

D i s t r i c t o f C o lu m b ia
M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
vear
W
N u m b e r N u m boerk e r s
r
in v o lv e d

F lo rid a

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (all
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e rs
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

A ll i n d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------------

29

14.4

2 7 9.3

25

7.7

82.5

130

30.7

6 2 6.7

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________

13

11.1

2 2 8.5

2

(2)

0.3

27

4 .6

75.6

1

(2 )
-

0.3
-

2

0.6

2 .0

-

-

-

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ---------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s ___________________________
A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s --------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e _______________________________________
F u r n it u r e a n d f i x t u r e s __________________________
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ______________________
P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , ex cep t
o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t --------------------------------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ______________________
P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

.1

8.8

-

( 2)

-

1
1
1

-

-

.3
1.7

0 .6

-

( 2)

2

9.6

-

-

-

7

1

.1

2

-

(2)
-

-

3

~

-

-

-

1
1
2

4 .2

4.1

.1

.6

-

2 .3
-

1

.1

-

-

7 .9
.5
-

2

.4
-

6.2

4

7.6

199.4

-

-

-

"

-

1
1

2

4
-

1

.1

( 2)
.4
( 2)
.2
1.1

-

.2

7.2
1.3
11.3
10.1

-

1.0
.1

13.3

1.0
.1

10.3
7.1

-

2.0

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ------------------------ ------- -----------

16

3.3

5 0 .8

23

7.6

82.2

103

26.1

551.1

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g -----------------------------------------------------------------C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c tio n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s -----------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ------------- —
S e r v i c e s _________________________________________
G o v e r n m e n t 3________________ ___________________

_
4

_
-

_
4 2 .9

_

_

2

1

0.1
.8

_
0 .3
5 .4

55

0 .3
12.3

168.0

58 .3

18

11.4

2.6

10

.6

4.1
11.4

10
8

.5

A ll i n d u s t r i e s .................................................. ...........

72

M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

0.6

4

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g .......................................... ...........
A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ................................... ........................ -------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n ___________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n it a r y s e r v i c e s ____________________
W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------G o v e rn m e n t 3 -------------------------------------------------------

8

1.0

2 .4

3
4
3

4 4 .9

1 , 606.8

413

2 5 5 .2

4 , 86 0 .8

220

117.6

3 ,3 2 8 .7

32

18.5

812.0

187

5 9 .0

1 ,9 7 5 .2

124

7 3 .8

2 ,5 1 7 .8

2

0 .4
-

19
-

5 .9
-

2 0 4.6
-

6

2 0. 1

1

1.4
.3

3

.3

1.3

-

-

4

.3

-

8
10
11
8
1
8
1
10

2.8

4 .5
51 .2
65.1
4 1 .6
'54.3

6

2 .5

ll

1.6

1
2

1.9
( 2)

.1

(2)
.7

.2

.
9.5
5 .9

-

-

-

1

1.1

3
7
-

1.4
2 .5
1.4
1.3
-

122.3
16.7
30.3
16.5
11.5
-

1

.1

1. 0

-

.1

.7
3.3

3

2
2

1
1

3

2.7
.4
.2

3 .5
I llin o is

.2

.

22

1.4
1. 8

1.3
.1
1.8

.4
2.0

5 .8

'1 4
7
14

7 6 .4
162.9

14

2.2

.5
8.5

35.7
544.1

13

10.7

7 8 0.6

8

6.0

211.6

-

2 6 .4

7 9 4.8
.

24 .5

227

196.2

2, 885.6

100

4 3 .8

8 1 0.8

20.6

63 .2
1 ,3 3 3 .1

3
' 46

0 .4
17.4

0 .9
63 8 .3

1 ,2 4 4 .3
104.6

20
12

2 0 .2
1.0

1 02 .1

8. 6

9

1.4

33.2
52.4

28
30

-

-

2

.1

4

2.7

43

1 ,3 8 9 .4
195.3

6.6
1.0

10

3.6
31.6

2 4 .9

5

6 7 3 .9

-

369.7
52.6

72.1

13.7

-

13.2
8.4

6 .3
-

2.2

1.7

16

-

12
12

-

5

.
42
69

-

6.6

16

7 .0

3.6

.9
1.0
.1

22.7
175.0

12.8

41

3.5

3 3 .8
29.6
3.7
5 7 .0
1.5
1 4 3.8
5 6 .8
132.9

1

4 0 .7

23
31

.6

1 1 .0

.

4
1

11.5
3.1

2

3.3

-

1.6

.8
.1

-

1.1

341.6
2 5 .9
-

In d ia n a

2
2
2

S ee f o o tn o te s a t e n d of t a b l e .




-

4 .4

6

3
-

G e o r g ia

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s —........................................
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s __________________________
T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s .............. - .................................... .
P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ------------•---------------------P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________
F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , e x c ep t
o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t --------------------------------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s ________________________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ---------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

1.0

-

16
42

81.7
66.0

5 .9
-

-

-

-

_

2.1

28.1

10

1.0

19.9

112.2

9

3 .8

11.7
_
8.5
4 9 .4

T a b le A -1 8 . W o r k sto p p a g e s in S ta te s having 2 5 sto p p a g e s or m o re by industry, 1 9 7 0 1-----C o n tin u e d
( W o r k e r s a nd m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
Iow a
I n d u s tr y g ro u p

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
Wo r k e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

K an sas
M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

K e n tu c k y
M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ______________________________

89

27.6

501.1

49

30 .8

5 7 4.7

161

103.9

1 ,0 7 2 .6

M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

42

10.4

235.1

24

14.1

4 9 3 .6

55

3 2 .8

72 9 .9

O rd n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k i n d re d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ---------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r a nd w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------------------------------------F u r n it u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ---------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ______________________
P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a nd a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s ------R u b b e r a n d m i s c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b r ic a te d m e t a l p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t_____________________
M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ---------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s -------- ----------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t---------------------------------P r o f e s s io n a l , s c ie n t if ic , and c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic and o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s an d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ----------

.

.
3.1
-

.
49 .2
-

1
2

1.5

5

-

-

37 .5
.5
-

-

1.9
3.5
-

14.7
14.0
-

11

-

.1

1

1

.2

.6

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

(2)

1.2

-

.3
.3
.5
.5
5 .8
-

5.3
5.1
7 .9

-

-

-

8 .8

4
3

3

5.5
2.4
5.2

.6
.2

1
1

1
1

1.3
.1

1.1

3
-

1.5
-

107.9
-

2

.1

2.1

3
3
3
4

-

-

-

1

.2
.1

18.3
35.0

2
1

( 2)

4.7

1
1

.4
4.2

-

-

-

8

.9

7

2.1

-

-

1

.1

.2

2
1
1

.1
.1

.6

1.7
1.3
.7

3.4
8.5
21 .9
30.8

3
4

.1
.1
1.0

4.1
51.0

5 .8
.5

6
6

1.7
1.7

31.6
87.2

2 1.9
204.5

9
5

15.3
3.0

4 2 7 .4

-

1

-

3

.3
.4

10.2

188.4
4.7
2.7

1

6.8

8.0

-

-

2

.2

2 .2

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------

47

17.2

2 6 6 .0

27

16.8

81.1

106

71 .2

34 2 .6

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ------------------------------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -----------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3 ------------------------------ ------- -----------------

_
-

_

.
13

.
3.4

54.3

54
20

19.1
9.6

50 .2
105.1

21.6

4 4 .7
15.9
-

.
-

-

21

9.7

243.5

10
6

6.5

14.1
2.8

-

.4
.4

-

4 .1

6

4 .9

7
5
-

13.0

.2

-

.8

2

.2

1.2

4

L o u is ia n a

.2

17.9
7.6
-

18
7
1
6

M a ry la n d

.5
( 2)
20.3

9.8

1.6

125.2

M a s s a c h u s e tt s

A ll i n d u s t r i e s ______________________________

55

2 1 .6

4 4 6 .5

91

43.1

7 8 2 .0

184

53.5

1 ,4 1 9 .2

M a n u fa c tu r in g ________________________________

18

4 .6

102.4

38

11.3

477.1

90

18.7

1, 022.2

2

0 .3
-

0.8

6

-

-

0 .7
-

-

1

.1

34.3
1.9

8

-

1

1.7
( 2)

17.1
( 2)

-

-

-

4

.4

4 .2

6

.4

6.8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
2

1
1

.3

-

.5
1.4
64.2
8.5

5 .4
1.7
14.1
17.9
3.5

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ---------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
•fro m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e -----------------------------------------------------------F u r n it u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ---------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s -----------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ---------------------------------F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t --------------------------------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ----------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t---------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

-

-

9

2.8

2.5
59.0

1

( 2)

.6

-

.1

.9

3
-

.4
-

-

-

1

.2

-

-

-

.1

.7
1. 8
.2

-

-

-

5.2
2.3
3.5

4

2 .6

-

1

13

( 2)
1.4

1

.1

37.1
19.4

31 .3

101.3

1

.1

3
3

.1
1.1

7.9

-

1
1

-

7
7
4

.5
29 .7

-

-

4
4

(2)
.5
1.5
.4

4
3

.6
.1

16.9
1.2

6
11

.3
.9

-

5.6

4 12.5

13

5 .5

2

3 2 0.4

2

2 .6

3 9 1 .3
2 7 6 .4

"

-

2
2

.1
.2

97.2
2 .4

-

'
1.5
-

-

.2

8.1

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g -------------------------------------------

37

17.0

344.1

54

3 1 .9

3 0 4.9

95

34 .8

3 9 7.0

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ------------------------------------------------------------------C o n tr a c t c o n s tr u c tio n ----------------------------- -----------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -----------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e . .........................................
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ......................
Se r v i c e s ..............— ------------------------------ ----------------G o v e r n m e n t 3............................................................ .............

_

_

_

1

( 2)
9.0

0.2

_
17

_
12.4

_
21 0 .7

_
3
32

_
0.5
9.3

_
4 .4
197.6

13

15.1
2.5
( 2)
.5
1.4

24 .3
36 .8
.3
9.3
23 .6

24
13
3
7
13

10 .0

93.0
54.2

14
12
2

6 .4

-

-

5
3

.3
1.3

.1

2 2 9.3
9 4 .8
3.9
-

13.8

7

2. 1

6

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b l e .




10
1

44

2.7
.2

.6

.4
11.9

7.5
39.7

T a b le A -1 8 . W o r k sto p p a g e s in S ta te s having 2 5 sto p p ag es or m ore by industry, 1 9 7 0 1 Continued
---( W o r k e r s and m a n - d a y s i n t h ou s a n d s )
M ic higan
Stoppages
b e g i n n i n g in
year
W o rk ers
Num ber
in volved

I nd u s t r y g ro up

Mi nn esota
M a n -d ay s
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (al l
stoppages)

Stoppages
b e gi n n i n g i n
year
W o rk ers
Num ber
involved

M ississippi
Man-days
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (a ll
st opp ages )

S t o p p ag e s
be gi n ni n g in
year
Wo rkers
Num ber
involved

Man-days
i dl e d u ri n g
y e a r (all
stoppages )

—

313

323.6

11,143.5

114

5 8.8

1,514.8

35
1
-------------------

11.6

211 .5

--------------

152

221.4

9, 7 1 1 . 5

47

10. 8

171. 6

1 23
j-------------------

6. 1

1 87 .8

O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s ___________________
F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s _______________________
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------A p p a r e l and o t h e r f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s and s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s _________
L u m b e r and w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e _______________ _________________
F u r n i t u r e and f i x t u r e s -------------------------- -------------P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------P r i n t i n g , p u b l i s h i n g , and a l l i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s ____
R u b b e r and m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a t h e r and l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ---------------- -------St one , c l a y , and g l a s s p r o d u c t s ------------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ___________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l prod ucts, except
o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t _____________ ____
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ________________
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t , and
s u p p l i e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , and c o n t r o l l i n g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o t o g r a p h i c and o p t i c a l
g o od s ; w a t c h e s and c l o c k s --------------------------------M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s -----------

.
4. 9
-

5 2. 7
-

6
-

0.9
-

19. 8
-

0.1
_
-

0.4
_
-

A l l i n d u s t r i e s ----

------------------------------------

M a n u f a c t u r i n g -----------

--------------

N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ________________________
A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , and f i s h e r i e s -----------------M i n i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s t r u c t i o n ________________________
Tra nsp o rt a tio n, comm uni cation, ele c tr i c ,
g a s , and s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s _________________
W h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l t r a d e ___________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -----------------S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3_______________________________

13
2

.5

6. 7

-

-

2
4
9
6
4
6
4
14

.2
1.0
2. 7
2. 4
1.6
2.0
1.0
1 5. 8

8.1
42.4
7 3. 6
13. 6
6.3
63. 3
5.3
64 3. 5

1
1
4
4
1
1
3

.1
1.0
1. 1
.2
.1
-

24
29

20.4
10.6

96 5 .1
45 0. 1

13
18

4. 4
1 5 3. 4

3
1
165

_

l
_
-

.5
.4
.3
.8
_

3.9
9,1
18.8
_

(2)
.6

1. 8
.1
2. 8

3
2
1
3
_
2
2
2

1.6
.2
.3

90.1
7.6
1. 7

4
12

.2
4.6

2. 5
7 3. 5

6
1

1. 9
.1

34.9
.7

289.2
7,0 83 .2

3
5

.5
.6

18. 7
11.8

-

-

4 7. 4
-

.3
.1

8.0
.5

1
1

.8

4. 8
1.6

-

-

(2)

-

-

102 .1

1,4 32 .0

67

48. 0

1,343.2

12

5.5

2 3 .7

(2)
16. 8

0.3
6 22 . 4

10

3.1

21 .1

22.6
1. 1

646. 1
25.7

2.4
_

(2 )
2.0
46 . 7

1
_
_
_

2. 4
_

(2)
.2
7 .3

_

_

(2 )

.1

.

_

2
54

0.1
43.2

7.6
665.2

1
33

16
19
2
12
60

23.4
8.8
.1
2. 9
23.6

91.7
417.3
2. 5
84.7
163.0

11
16
1
3
2

M issouri

2.3
15. 0
11. 5
5 .4
_

1

Nebraska

13. 2

-

_

New J e r s e y

A l l i n d u s t r i e s __________________________

169

12 3 .4

4, 61 8 .2

36

1 5. 8

248.2

280

136 .9

2,156.4

M a n u f a c t u r i n g ___________________________

85

32.0

868.8

14

6. 1

219 .7

150

4 9. 7

1, 5 2 6 .3

1
14
-

0.5
2.6
-

10.0
51.1
-

1
4
_

1.1
_

13. 9
_

-

17.6
1 0 1. 6
_
-

10
_

-

2. 2
.2
_
-

11

1. 2

32.2

.1

2.2

-

_

_

1

(2)

.1

1
3
6
1
6
4
5
7
8

.1
.7
.9
(2 )
1. 4
1. 3
1.6
1. 4
1. 5

1. 2
9.4
9. 7
9.4
70. 3
_
17.0
2.9
10.2
35 .9

1
1
1
1
1
-

.2
.3
(2 )
.1
_
1.6
-

3.5
1. 1
.1
11.1
_

2
5
6
7
15
3
5

.2
1. 1
.8
.8
1. 8
.2
1.8

2.0
18.8
11 .4
9.1
28. 8
5.8
40.5

5
5

.9
.4

18.1
6.5

2
1

.1
1. 4

4
9

.8
1 6. 4

16. 1
591.9

-

-

-

1
3

.2
1. 2

.7
6.3

1

(2 )

85

91.4

3, 7 49 .4

22

O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s ___________________
F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s ------------------------------------------T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ________________________
A p p a r e l and o t h e r f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s and s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r and wood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e ---------------------------------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e and f i x t u r e s ------------------------------------------P a p e r a nd a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ___________________
P r i n t i n g , p u b l i s h i n g , and a l l i e d i n d u s t r i e s . _ _
C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R u b b e r and m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s _
_
L e a t h e r and l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ------------------------------S t on e , c l a y , and g l a s s p r o d u c t s ______________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ___________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l prod ucts , except
o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t __________________
M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ------------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t , and
s u p p l i e s ---------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , and c o n t r o l l i n g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o t o g r a p h i c and o p t i c a l
g oo ds ; w a t c h e s and c l o c k s --------------------------------M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ______
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g --------------------------------------------A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , and f i s h e r i e s -----------------M i n i n g ---------------------------------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s t r u c t i o n ________________________
Transp o rt atio n, com m uni cation , e l e c tr i c ,
g a s , and s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -------------------------------W h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l t r a d e ___________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -----------------S e r v i c e s ____________________________________
G o v e r n m e n t 3-----------------------------------------------------------

2
-

.

.

.

-

-

-

-

-

16
13

7.8
3.6

297.8
34.9

24
12

7. 4
3.8

2 29. 1
40.7

13
4

13. 3
4. 1

564.0
19 5. 4

.6

3

.6

1. 7

-

-

9. 7

28. 5

132

87.3

630.1,

.2
25 .5

-

-

_

5
29

0.7
40.6

5.9
3,024.0

11

1. 2

10. 7

1
21

0.1
7 .2

0.6
200.6

19
17
4
11

4 2 .9
4.0
.2
3.0

465.6
241.3
-

5
4
1
1

8.3
.2

14.3
2. 7
.3
.5

36
40
_

4 5. 8
3.5
_

1 1 6. 0
89.2
_

9
25

1.0
29.6

23.0
200.7

4. 4
8.2

S ee fo o tn o te s a t e n d of ta b le .




5 8. 4

-

45

“

(2)
.1

“

T a b le A -1 8 . W o r k sto p pages in S ta te s

having 2 5 sto p pages or m ore by industry, 1 9 7 0 1
-----C o n tin ued

( W o r k e r s and m a n - d a y s i n t h o u sa n ds )

N ew M e x ic o
S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

I n d u s tr y g ro u p

N ew Y o rk
M a n -d a y s
id le d u rin g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

N o rth C a r o li n a
M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r ( a ll
s to p p a g e s )

S to p p a g e s
b e g in n in g in
year
W o rk e r s
N um ber
in v o lv e d

M a n -d a y s
id le d u r in g
y e a r (a ll
s to p p a g e s )

A ll i n d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------------

28

6.2

4 3 .9

570

35 8 .0

5 ,8 7 2 .7

45

12.5

116.2

M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------

4

0.2

3.1

238

7 5 .3

2 ,7 5 4 .7

11

1 .8

6 8 .4

-

-

-

13
-

2 .4
-

1

0.2

0 .2

1.2

27 .5
2 7 .5

-

10

(2)

(2 )

-

-

19

.4

11.2

- •

-

(2 )

3
13
9
9
19

.1

4 .4
4 2 .4
54.5
3 4 .4
3 9 4 .9

1

.2

-

■
0.4
-

0 .2

2 .2

-

-

-

13

1.2
6.6

2 .5
9.0
2 1 .9
3 1 0 .8

-

2

2
6
2
11

1
1

( 2)

1.2
2.8

-

-

-

1

.1

.6

25
30

6 .6
11.1

156.4
50 7 .0

3
-

.9
-

17.4
-

-

-

-

25
5

12 .2

4 1 8 .9
643.1

1
2

.3

29 .2

13.3

.1

12 .2

-

-

-

9
15

2.1
2.2

4 3 .2
4 4 .2

-

-

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g ____________________________

24

5 .9

4 0 .8

336

28 2 .7

3, 118.0

34

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ----------------M in in g ------------------------ ------------ ----------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c ti o n -----------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c ,
g a s , a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -----------------------------W h o le s a le a n d r e t a i l t r a d e --------------------------------F in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e ----------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3 -------------------------------------------------------

_
0 .1

.
5
92

_

1
11

_
0 .4
23.6

9
-

2.8

-

-

2
1

.6

3.6
9.7
3.5

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ---------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ---------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e _______________________________________
F u r n it u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ----------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s --------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R u b b e r a n d m is c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ______________________
F a b ric a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , e x c ep t
o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t--------- --------------------M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ________________ —
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d
s u p p li e s -------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ---------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic a n d o p tic a l
g o o d s ; w a tc h e s a n d c lo c k s -------------------------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ---------

-

1

1

-

1.7
.7 '

3.5
3.6
2.2

5 .8
.1
.2

.4

1.1

1.1

12.1

1 ,0 7 4 .8

12

1.0

.
9.5

85
71

134.7

1 ,1 2 7 .7

8

12 .0

1 1 2 .6

8

18.4
9.3
6 5 .9

2 7 5 .8

4
-

7 .7
.3
-

19.9
9 .3
-

39
36

.
-

120.2

1

.1

2.8

3 9 4 .8

9

1.7

6 .3

O k la h o m a

3 3 3 .4

7 ,4 5 7 .6

28

8.8

155.3

304

167.9

5 ,2 7 7 .4

10

2 .9

83.0

2 .9
2.5
.9

25.1
29 .5
19.7

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 .8
-

3.3
.4
2 4 .3
3.6
9.5

.7
37 .9
63 .7
2 5 .4
2 0 7 .9
.7
6 9 4 .0
6 5 .0
28 3 .5

41
41
30
25

2 8 .2
2 7 .2
18.3
35.3

6 5 8 .3
9 4 4 .8
4 9 6 .6
1 ,6 9 4 .2

3
9

1.0

7 .8
2 2 .6

-

.9

332

165.5

2 ,1 8 0 .1

18

!

0 .3
18.5
41.1

7.5

.

_

4 4 .6

2
5

0.3

1 ,1 5 0 .1
7 1 8 .0
108.2

8
1

4 .1

14
7
14
2

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , a n d f i s h e r i e s ------------------------

61
C o n t r a c t c o n s tr u c tio n ----------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a tio n , e l e c t r i c , g a s ,
a n d s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s ------------------------------------------------------.

100

43
57
.

.

.

.

2

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . 14
. . . . . . .
3 . . . . . . . .. .. ... .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5.4. .
. .. .

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e .




4 7 .8

4 1 .4

2
11

N o n m a n u fa c tu rin g _________________________________
—

S e r v ic e s . . .
G o v e rn m e n t

10.7

36
19
31

O r d n a n c e a n d a c c e s s o r i e s ----------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ................. - .........................
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c tu r e s ----------------------------------------T e x tile m il l p r o d u c t s ____________________________
A p p a r e l a n d o t h e r f in is h e d p r o d u c ts m a d e f r o m f a b r i c s
—
a n d s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s --------------------------------------L u m b e r a n d w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t f u r n i t u r e ---F u r n i t u r e a n d f i x t u r e s ----------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------P r in t in g , p u b lis h in g , a n d a ll i e d i n d u s t r i e s -------C h e m ic a ls a n d a ll i e d p r o d u c t s ---- -------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f in in g a n d r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s --------_____________
R u b b e r a n d m i s c e ll a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ----L e a th e r a n d l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s -----------------------------S to n e , c la y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ------------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ----------------------------------F a b r ic a te d m e ta l p ro d u c ts , e x c ep t o rd n a n c e , m a c h in e ry ,
a n d t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t--------------------------M a c h in e ry , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l -----------------------------—
—
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u ip m e n t, a n d s u p p lie s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t ------------------------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c ie n t if ic , a n d c o n tr o llin g i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o to g ra p h ic
a n d o p tic a l g o o d s; w a tc h e s a n d c l o c k s ----------------M is c e lla n e o u s m a n u f a c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s ------ -------

_ .
_

-

3
13
3

A ll i n d u s t r i e s _______________________________

A

.1

632

M a n u fa c tu r in g -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- -----------------------------

0 ef

5.5
-

_
-

.

O h io

Wiinlpealo anH retail trad*»
ITinatiro ineiiranra anrl roal

-

'
-

46

.2

2 .4
5.0
1. 8

7 6 .6
3 .8
(2)
1 .2

2 4 .0

-

-

-

-

<2)
1.7
-

2

.1

-

-

1

.2

1

1

4

2 .3
2 3 .8

-

1

.2

4 6 .3
3.6

.6

-

-

.3
-

3 .2
-

-

-

-

72.2

5 .8

.5

_
6 .1
1 .6

.1

5 7 .9
3 .7

.8

2 .9

1 .1

2 1 .5
129.2

2

_

-

T a b le A -1 8 . W o r k s to p p a g e s in S ta te s

having 2 5 sto p p a g e s or m ore by industry, 1 9 7 0 1
-----Continued

( W o r k e r s and m a n - d a y s in t h ou sa n ds )
O reg on
S to p p a g e s
b e g i n n i n g in
year
Workers
Num ber
invo lved

I n d u s t r y g r ou p

A l l i n d u s t r i e s __________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g — ________ _______

_______

O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s _
_ _ ____ ___ ____
_
F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s __________________
T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s -------------------- ------------------T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------A p p a r e l and o t h e r f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s and s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s ---------------L u m b e r and w o od p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t f u r n i t u r e __ ___
_
__ ____ _________ _
_
_
F u r n i t u r e and f i x t u r e s ___________________
P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s _______________ ____
P r i n t i n g , p u b l i s h i n g , and a l l i e d i n d u s t r i e s ---- C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ______ ________
P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R u b b e r and m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a t h e r and l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ------ ------- ----------S tone , c l a y , and g l a s s p r o d u c t s . ___ _______
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s . ------------ ---------------F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l prod ucts , except
o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ______ ___ _____
E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t , and
------------------------ ---------------s u p p l i e s ------ -----T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t -------------- -----------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , and c o n t r o l l i n g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o t o g r a p h i c and o p t i c a l
g o od s ; w a t c h e s and c l o c k s _
_ _____________
M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ------------------

. .

R h od e I s l a nd
M a n -d ay s
i d l e d ur ing
y e a r (al l
stoppages)

Stoppages
b e g i n n i n g in
year
Work ers
N umber
involve d

M a n -d ay s
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (al l
stoppages)

Stoppages
b e gi n ni n g in
year
Workers
Num ber
in volved

’

M a n -d a y s
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (a ll
stoppages)

39

21.9

244. 2

39

16. 3

2 70 . 1

107

4 5. 8

1,261.3

16

7. 4

168. 9

12

3.4

121.0

66

23.2

7 15 .5

1
-

1.8
-

1 7 .5
-

-

'

1

0.4

3.9

6
2

2. 1
.3

14.2
2. 8

■

"

"

4
1
2
2
1

1. 4
.9
1.0
.3
.4

36.9
24 .7
4.6
2.9
.7

1
5
1

.3
1. 9
.2

1
1

.1
.1

7.6
4. 4

2

.5

3

1.6

69.6

1
1

.1
.1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

-

j

.5

17.9

1
2
2
7
5
1
1
6

.2
1.6
.1
4. 9
3.2
.3
.1
1. 5

24. 4
54. 4
5.0
21 7.2
53. 5
1.3
1. 7
47. 0

3.3

■

3

_
22 .4
48.0
13. 8

10
5

2.8
L3

7 8. 7
23. 4

2 7. 4
2.2

3
4

2.3
.9

1 36 .4
25 .8

8

1.2

11.9

22.6

5 45 .8

-

------------------

23

14.5

7 5 .3

27

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , and f i s h e r i e s -----------------_
■
M i n i n g _ ______ _ ____ ___ _ ----------- ------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s t r u c t i o n ______ _________________
Transp o rt atio n, c omm uni ca tion , e l e c tr i c ,
g a s , and s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s _____ ' ------------------W h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l t r a d e ----------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -----------------Services_ . — ______ — . . . -------------------------_
G o v e r n m e n t 3. . . ------------------------------- ------------------

1
1
5

(2 )
0.3
.2

0.4
2.0
.8

.

_

.

.

1
7

0.1
3.9

1.0
7 .8

2
19

0.2
11.9

3.4
509. 9

8
7

12. 2
1.7

44.6
27.1

1 9. 4
115 .8

8
11

9.7
.7

19. 5
13.1

-

-

-

149.2

3.2
4. 3

-

-

-

.4

(2)
-

8
7

-

-

1

1 2. 8

2
2

.4
1. 1

4. 1
1. 1

-

41

1

Texas

_

-

-

(2 )

(2)

Vir ginia

141

7 89 . 7

127

48.0

3 16 . 8

12. 9

37 3. 8

22

8.9

167.1

4

O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s --------------------------------------------------------------------------F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s --------------------------------------------------------------------------------T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------A p p a r e l and o t h e r f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s m a d e f r o m f a b r i c s
and s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s -----------------------------------------------------------------------------L u m b e r and w o od p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t f u r n i t u r e ----------------------------------------F u r n i t u r e and f i x t u r e s ____________________________________________
P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------------------------------------P r i n t i n g , p u b l i s h i n g , and a l l i e d i n d u s t r i e s --------------------------------------------C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s ----------------------------------------------R u b b e r and m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ------------------------------------------L e a t h e r and l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s --------------------------------------------------------------------S t on e , c l a y , and g l a s s p r o d u c t s ---------------------------------------------------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s -------------------------------------------------------------------------F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l prod ucts , except ordnance, m a c h i n e r y ,
and t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ------------------------------------------------------------------M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l --------------------------------------------------------------------E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t , and s u p p l i e s -----------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t --------------------------------------------------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , and c o n t r o l l i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o t o g r a p h i c
and o p t i c a l g o o d s ; w a t c h e s and c l o c k s --------------------------------------------------M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s -------------------------------------------------

5 9. 2

42

A ll indus tries
M a nufacturin g—

0.4

1. 5

1
1
2

( 2)
0.2
.6

3.5
.9
9.7

1
1
2
3

.3
.1
.5
1. 1

4. 8
6.1
21.8
12. 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
3
2
2

.1
.2
.5
.3

-

-

4

1. 6

1.3
3.3
7.0
.9
2. 4
20. 5

4

3.6

76. 2

2
1

.3
.2

2.4
1. 8

1

4
8
1
4

1.2
.6

15. 6
4 6. 4
10.8
182. 0

(2 )
3. 8

-

-

-

1

3.0

6.0

1

.8

30.5

_

_

_

.1

1. 1

.5

11.2
4 1.3
57.5
4 .2

3
-

-

5

1.7

-

"

“
2

A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , and f i s h e r i e s -------------------M i n i n g ------------------------------------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s t r u c t i o n ----------------------------------------------T ra nsp ort ation, com m uni cation , e l e c t r i c , ga s,
and s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -------------------------------------------W h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l t r a d e ------------------------------------F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -------------------S e r v i c e s --------------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3_________________________________

.2

1. 8

100

N onm anufa cturing—

46.2

415.9

-

-

330.8

17
7
1
4
1

47

25. 0
19. 8
.9
.1
.5

40.2
39.5
.3
5. 1
.1

(2)

105

39.1

149.6

77
12

18.3
4. 2

46.5
59. 2

10
3

16. 2
.1

38.4
4.1

-

70

See fo o tn o te s a t e nd of ta b l e .




.

-

-

2
1

.1
.1

-

1. 2
.1

T a b le A -1 8 . W o r k sto p pages in S ta te s

having 2 5 sto p p ag es or m o re by industry, 1 9 7 0 1 C o n tin ued
----

( W o r k e r s a nd m a n - d a y s in th o u s a n d s )
W a s hi n g t on
Stoppages
beginning in
year
Wo rk ers
Num be r
in volved

I n d u s t r y g r o up

A l l i n d u s t r i e s __________________________
Manufa cturing

_______________

_________

O r d n a n c e and a c c e s s o r i e s -------- -----------------------F o o d and k i n d r e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------T o b a c c o m a n u f a c t u r e s _______________________
T e x t i l e m i l l p r o d u c t s -------------------------------------------A p p a r e l and o t h e r f i n i s h e d p r o d u c t s m a d e
f r o m f a b r i c s and s i m i l a r m a t e r i a l s _________
L u m b e r and w ood p r o d u c t s , e x c e p t
f u r n i t u r e __________________________________
F u r n i t u r e and f i x t u r e s . . ------------------------------------P a p e r and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------- --------------P r i n t i n g , p u b l i s h i n g , and a l l i e d i n d u s t r i e s ------C h e m i c a l s and a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ---------------------------P e t r o l e u m r e f i n i n g and r e l a t e d i n d u s t r i e s -------R i l bb er and m i s c e l l a n e o u s p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ---L e a t h e r and l e a t h e r p r o d u c t s ------------------------------S t on e , c l a y , and g l a s s p r o d u c t s -------------------------P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s ___________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l prod ucts , exce pt
o r d n a n c e , m a c h i n e r y , and
t r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t ----------------------------------M a c h i n e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l ------------------------ -----E l e c t r i c a l m a c h i n e r y , e q u i p m e n t , and
s u p p l i e s ----------------------------------------------------------------T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u i p m e n t -----------------------------------P r o f e s s i o n a l , s c i e n t i f i c , and c o n t r o l l i n g
i n s t r u m e n t s ; p h o t o g r a p h i c and o p t i c a l
g oo d s ; w a t c h e s and c l o c k s ---------------------------------M i s c e l l a n e o u s m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s ----------N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ______ _________________
A g r i c u l t u r e , f o r e s t r y , and f i s h e r i e s -----------------M i n i n g ------- ---------- ----------------------------------------------C o n t r a c t c o n s t r u c t i o n -------------------------------------------Tra nsp o rt a tio n, com m uni cation , e l e c tr i c ,
g a s , and s a n i t a r y s e r v i c e s -------------------------------W h o l e s a l e and r e t a i l t r a d e ___________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e -----------------S e r v i c e s -----------------------------------------------------------------G o v e r n m e n t 3------------------------------------- ------------------

Wisconsin

West V ir g in ia
M a n -d a y s
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (al l
stoppages )

Stoppages
b e g i n n i n g in
year
Work ers
Number
in volved

Man-days
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (al l
st opp ages )

Stoppages
beginning in
year
Work ers
Num ber
in vo lved

Man-days
i d l e d u ri n g
y e a r (a ll
stoppages )

57

1 7 .3

310.7

313

117.0

1,0 67 .3

119

49 .2

1,362.7

30

6.5

15 5 .6

41

12. 4

1 99 . 7

66

26.6

1, 1 8 1 . 1

6
-

0.8
-

10.8
-

1
1

(2 )

0.3
_

3.5
-

10.6

5
1

0.2
-

0.3

(2)

( 2)

.

_

1

.3

17.9

_

.

6

.5
.3
1.0
-

-

4
2
6
2
3
1
8

.4
.1
2.2
.8
.3
3.6

8.2
1.6
83.4
7 .8
4.7
.3
88.1

.

1
1
1
3

4. 6
6. 9
7. 2
.1
18.4
7 2. 8

.2
2.0

.7
2. 7

4. 4
1.2
2. 1
5.6
.1
25 .6
5. 9

3.1
16. 6

( 2)

1
1
5
2
1
6
4

2
5

1. 3
.3

74. 3
9.5

12
9

2. 1
2.2

67.7
1 1 8. 2

6
4

8.3
5 .4

5 05 .1
2 6 5 .1

2

Z

.1
.1
1. 1
.2

(2 )

(2)

1
2

( 2)

1
5

(2)
.9

.3
1 4. 7

7
2

3.6
1. 4

25 . 7
14 .9

1

( 2)

.1

2

.2

1.6

1

.4
.6

8.6
18.6

27

10.8

155.1

272

104.6

867. 6

55

22 .5

181. 7

1

0.1

0.2

1
193
41

0.1
74. 2
13. 2

0.9
282.4
508.6

.

_

1
22

0.1
5.2

2.4
8 1 .1

17
8
6
6

14.9
1. 1
-

29.1
41.7
1. 1
3.8

11
6
1
4
10

8.9
.3

41.3
14.5
.7
2.6
39.1

.7

-

-

5

.6

3.8

-

8
9
2
2

9.2
.3

1 34 . 7
7 .9

-

-

.1
.6

3.2
5.3

.3

.7

( 2)
.2

7.7

.

1 No w o rk s to p p a g e s w e r e r e c o r d e d d u r in g 1970 f o r th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p s f o r w h ic h no d a ta a r e p r e s e n t e d .
S to p p a g e s a ff e c tin g m o r e th a n o ne in d u s t r y g ro u p h a v e b e e n c o u n te d in e a c h g ro u p ; w o r k e r s in v o lv e d a n d m a n - d a y s id le w e r e a ll o c a te d to th e
r e s p e c ti v e g r o u p s .
2 F e w e r th a n 100.
3 T he s itu a tio n s r e p o r t e d h e r e h a v e f o r s t a t i s t i c a l p u r p o s e s , b e e n d e e m e d to f a ll w ith in th e B u r e a u 's d e fin itio n o f a w o rk s to p p a g e . T h is d e c is io n
d o e s n o t c o n s titu te a le g a l d e te r m i n a ti o n th a t a w o rk s to p p a g e h a s ta k e n p la c e in v io la tio n o f a n y law o r p u b lic p o lic y .
4

Idleness in

NOTE:

1970

res u lted fr o m

B e c a u s e of ro u n d in g ,




a

s t op p a g e t ha t b e g a n in

1969.

s u m s o f in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

48

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

T a b le A -1 9 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by duration and m a jo r is s u e ,11 9 7 0
N u m b e r of s t o p p a g e s
M a jo r issu e
T

L 1

2-3
days

1
d ay

4-6
d ay s

7-14
days

15 -29
days

30-59
days

6 0- 89
days

90 d a y s
and o v e r

A l l s t o p p a g e s ________________

5,6 64

743

692

739

1,02 4

966

807

359

334

G e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s ___________
S u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s -------------------W a g e a d j u s t m e n t s ________________
H o u r s of w o r k -----------------------------------O t h e r c o n t r a c t u a l m a t t e r s ________
_
U ni on o r g a n i z a t i o n and s e c u r i t y _
J o b s e c u r i t y _____________________
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n _____________
O t h e r w o r k i n g c o n d i t i o n s ________
I nt er uni on or i n t ra u ni on
m a t t e r s ________________________
N o t r e p o r t e d ____________________

2, 812
56
21 5
5
109
5 72
17 2
922
178

130
7
46

170
6
64

543
11
32

-

-

14
36
38
200
34

20
96
18
129
25

682
11
14
4
17
97
12
48
16

5 86
9
11

12
42
44
318
52

233
5
41
1
10
64
28
180
38

21
100
19
25
8

25 7
4
2
4
60
6
11
3

2 11
3
5
11
77
7
11
2

566
57

80
12

120
10

1 31
8

138
12

60
5

22
6

9
3

6
1

-

-

W o r k e r s i n v o l v e d (in t h o u s a n d s )
A l l s t o p p a g e s ________________
G e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s ___________
S u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s ___________
W a g e a d j u s t m e n t s ________ ______
H o u r s of w o r k ----------------------------------O t h e r c o n t r a c t u a l m a t t e r s ________
U ni on o r g a n i z a t i o n and s e c u r i t y ----J ob s e c u r i t y ____________________
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n -----------------------O t h e r w o r k i n g c o n d i t i o n s _________
I nt er uni on or i n tr au ni on
m a t t e r s ________________________
N ot r e p o r t e d ____________________

3,072

685. 6

26 1.1

37 6. 3

445.1

390.9

417.9

1 7 3. 0

32 2. 2

1 , 8 0 0. 9
63.3
2 38. 1
1.3
27 .1
269. 4
50. 5
399.3
60.3

524 .9
.6
13.9
2.2
6.3
9.9
95. 3
14.0

64.8
.6
33.7
2.6
16. 3
1 5. 2
94.5
16. 5

112.4
50. 4
14.4

162 .2
5.3
162.6

342. 6
1.6
3. 5

137 .0
1.3
.1

2.7
10.9
11.1
122.7
14.8

5.3
7.5
8.7
64.8
4. 6

313.5
3.5
9.3
1.3
4.1
7 .1
2.4
10.4

143.6
.1
.5
1.5
170. 3
.8
3.7

149.9
11.9

15. 8
2.7

15. 8
1.1

33. 8
3. 1

20. 7
3.4

(2 )

-

A ll s t o p p a g e s ________________

5.5
32.7
1. 1

26.4
.2

4. 2
.1

.6
.1

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,




.9

)

51,721

685. 6

548 .8

1,265.7

2, 563.5

5 ,4 33.9

10, 302.5

8, 128. 0

22 ,7 92 .8

3 3,27 4 .9
475.4
1,0 53.9
25. 3
55 7 .1
12, 097. 4
315.8
1, 7 5 2. 4
478.1

5 24 .9
.6
13. 9

95. 3
14.0

15 8. 9
1.2
69.1
5.6
2 6 .1
34.7
180.5
36.1

385. 2
2 5 1. 3
45 . 3
.1
7.9
35.7
35. 3
36 1 .0
42.0

1, 128. 9
40.3
6 85 . 1
31.5
5 3. 2
51. 2
390.0
2 9. 1

4, 5 5 7 . 5
55.4
94.3
25 .2
5 6. 4
1 04 .7
29.5
117.8
65. 8

8, 25 8. 4
48. 5
95 .4
246. 2
628.8
35.1
136.6
61.0

6,233 .3
74. 5
4.8
24.0
1,280.0
5 9. 8
125. 7
1 48. 7

12, 027 .8
3.7
46.1
183. 4
9, 962. 6
60.4
34 5. 5
8 1 .4

1,608.5
8 1. 9

15. 8
2.7

34.8
1.9

94.5
7.5

1 2 5. 2
29.0

306 .7
20.6

7 8 6. 7
5.8

17 1. 5
5.6

73. 3
8.6

-

2.2
6.3

9.9

1 T o ta ls in t h is t a b l e d i f f e r f r o m t h o s e in p r e c e d in g ta b l e s b e c a u s e t h e s e s to p p a g e s e n d e d d u r in g
p r io r y e a rs .
^ F e w e r th a n 100.

NO TE:

-

.4
24.2
1.3
2.2
2.2

M a n - d a y s i dl e: d u r i n g y e a r (in t h ou s a n d s

G e n e r a l w a g e c h a n g e s ____________
S u p p l e m e n t a r y b e n e f i t s -------------------W a g e a d j u s t m e n t s ---------------------------H o u r s of w o r k ___________________
O t h e r c o n t r a c t u a l m a t t e r s ________
Uni on o r g a n i z a t i o n and s e c u r i t y _
_
J ob s e c u r i t y _____________________
P l a n t a d m i n i s t r a t i o n -----------------------O t h e r w o r k i n g c o n d i t i o n s _________
I n t er u ni on o r i nt ra u ni on
m a t t e r s ____
_________________
N o t r e p o r t e d ____________________

-

8.3
2 6 .7
1.2
5.7
1.8

s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .

49

1970, a n d th u s in c lu d e i d le n e s s o c c u r r in g in

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

T a b le A -2 0 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by duration and c o n tra c t s ta tu s ,1 1 9 7 0
Stoppages
D u ra ti or

W o r k e r s involved

Percent

Num be r
(in
t hou sa nd s)

and c o n t r a c t s t a tu s
N um be r

Percent

Percent

5, 664

100.0

3, 072. 0

5 1,72 0 .8

100.0

1 d a y _______________________________________
2 to 3 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------4 to 6 d a y s --------------------------------------------------------------7 to 14 d a y s _________________________________
15 to 29 d a y s ______ ________________________
30 to 59 d a y s ---------------------- ------------------ ------------60 to 89 d a y s _____________ _________________
90 d a y s and o v e r ____________________________

743
692
739
1, 0 2 4
966
807
359
334

13.1
12. 2
13. 0
18 .1
17.1
1 4.2
6.3
5.9

685. 6
26 1.1
3 76. 3
445.1
390.9
417.9
1 7 3. 0
32 2. 2

22.3
8.5
1 2. 2
1 4. 5
1 2. 7
13. 6
5.6
10. 5

685. 6
548.8
1,265.7
2, 563. 5
5 ,4 33 .9
10, 30 2. 5
8 ,128 .0
22, 7 92 .8

1.3
1. 1
2.4
5.0
10. 5
19.9
15.7
44 . 1

N e g o t i a t i o n of f i r s t a g r e e m e n t or
uni on r e c o g n i t i o n --------------------------------------- ------1 d a y -------------------- ------- ---------------------------------2 to 3 d a y s ---------------------------------------------------------4 to 6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7 to 14 d a y s --------- ----15 to 29 d a y s ____ —
___________________
30 to 59 d a y s ----------------------- --------------------------60 to 89 d a y s ______________
____________
90 d a y s and o v e r --------------- -----------------------------

710
49
47
84
128
118
129
71
84

12.5
.9
.8
1. 5
2.3
2. 1
2.3
1. 3
1. 5

130. 2
9.0
7.7
18. 7
36.6
8.7
35 .4
8.9
5.3

4. 2
.3
.3
.6
1. 2
.3
1. 2
.3
.2

2, 4 70. 5
9.0
19. 0
53. 5
2 35 .2
1 35 . 2
868. 1
45 2 .3
698. 2

4. 8

R e n e g o t i a t i o n of a g r e e m e n t ( e x p i r a t i o n
o r r e o p e n i n g ) ------------------- ---------------------------------1 day
2 to 3 d a y s _______________________________
. 4 to 6 d a y s ------------------------------------------------------ 7 to 14 d a y s ------------------- ---------------------------------1 5 to 29 d a y s _____________________________
30 to 59 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------60 to 89 d a y s ..n —
»
__
__
__
90 d a y s and o v e r ____________________ ___

2, 870
126
1 72
21 8
543
704
6 14
267
226

50. 7
2.2
3.0
3.8
9. 6
12. 4
10.8
4. 7
4. 0

2, 088.3
5 25 . 0
92.6
156.7
152.6
32 6 .5
360.2
16 2 .8
3 11 .9

68.0
17 .1
3.0
5. 1
5.0
10.6
11 .7
5.3
10. 2

45,237.1
5 25 . 0
208. 1
6 2 7 .4
1,076.7
4 ,7 4 9 .6
8,8 13 .0
7 , 608.5
21, 62 8 .9

87.5
1.0
.4
1. 2
2. 1
9. 2
1 7 .0
1 4. 7
41.8

D u r i n g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t ( ne g o t i a t i o n of
ne w a g r e e m e n t not i n v o l v e d ) — ----------------------1 d a y ------------------------------------------------ ----------- —
2 t o 3 d a y s -------------- --------------------- ----------------4 t o 6 d a y s ---------- ------------------- --------------7 to 14 d a y s ----- ----------------- --------------------- ----1 5 to ?.9 d a y s
30 to 59 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------60 to 89 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------90 d a y s and o v e r ----------- ---------------------------------

1,916
534
438
408
317
132
51
17
19

33.8
9. 4
7 .7
7 .2
5.6
2.3
.9
.3
.3

829.3
146.9
157.2
1 97 . 8
25 0. 4
5 2. 4
18.8
1. 1
4. 7

27. 0
4.8
5.1
6.4
8.2
1. 7
.6

3, 8 1 6 . 1
146.9
3 1 5. 0
5 72 . 8
1,20 9. 6
505.0
556. 8
58 .7
45 1. 4

7 .4
.3
.6
1. 1
2.3
1.0
1. 1
.1
.9

N o c o n t r a c t o r o t h e r c o n t r a c t s t a t u s _________
1 d a y -------------------------------------------------------------------2 t o 3 d a y s _______________________________
4 to 6 d a y s ____________ _________ ________
_
7 to 14 d a y s ------------------------ — --------- ------ —
15 to 29 d a y s _____________________________
30 to 59 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------60 to 89 d a y s -----------------------------------------------------90 d a y s and o v e r ------- --------------------------- ------

114
26
25
20
24
9
6
2
2

2.0
.5
.4
.4
.4
.2
.1

13.1
1.7
2.4
.9
2.0
3.2
2. 7
.1

.4
.1
.1

N o i n f o r m a t i o n on c o n t r a c t s t a t u s _________ 1----1 d a y ______ _______________________________
2 to 3 d a y s ----------- ------------------------------------------4 t o 6 d a y s ------- -------------------------- -----------------7 to 14 d a y s ______________________________
15 to 29 d a y s — ----------- ---------------------------------30 to 59 d a y s -------------------------------------- ----60 to 89 d a y s ------- ----------------------------------- —
90 d a y s and o v e r -----------------------------------------------

54
8
10
9
12
3
7
2

1.0
.1
.2
.2
.2
.1
.1

A l l s t o p p a g e s ___________________________

1
2
3

(2 )
(2)

(2)
.1

3

(3 )
11.0
3. 1
1.2
2.2
3.4
.1
.8
.1
.2

See fo o tn o te 1, ta b le A - 19.
L e s s th a n 0.0 5 p e r c e n t .
F e w e r th a n 100.

N O T E : B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o ta l s .




50

100.0 '

M a n - d a y s i dl e
Number
(in
t hou sa nd s)

(2)
.2

(2)
.1
.1
.1

(2)
(2)
.4
.1
(2)
.1
.1

(2)
(2)
(2)

(2)

108. 2
1.7
4.3
3.1
13. 0
42.8
36.2
5.0
1.9
88.9
3. 1
2.4
8.9
28.9
1.3
28.4
3.4
12. 4

(2)
(2)
.1
.5
.3
1. 7
.9
1.3

.2

(2)
(2)
(2)
.1
.1

(2)
(2 )
.2
(2)
(2 )
(2)
.1

(2)
.1

(2)

T a b le A -2 1 . W o r k s to p p a g e s by n u m b er of w o rk e rs involved and d u ra tio n ,11 9 7 0
N um ber
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s

A ll
s to p p a g e s

1

d ay

2 -3
days

4 -6
days

7 -1 4
days

P ercen t
15-29
days

3 0 -5 9
days

90 d a y s
A ll
and o v e r s to p p a g e s

6 0 -8 9
days

day

2 -3
days

1

4—
6
days

7 -1 4
days

15-29
days

30-59
days

60-89
days

90 d a y s
and o v e r

N u m b e r of s to p p a g e s
A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------

5, 664

743

692

739

1, 024

966

807

359

334

100.0

13.1

12 .2

13.0

18.1

17.1

14.2

6.3

5.9

6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ------------------------------20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 ---------------------------

753
2, 115
1, 312
7-28
381
313
29
33

83
260

66

109

109
326
174
84
51
51
7
5

49
138
81
36
2.4
25
3
3

55
132
63
36

13.3
37.3
23.2
12.9
6.7
5.5
.5

1.5
4.6
3.8

1.9
4.0
2.9

2.7
7.1
3.7
2.3

2.3

22 6

130
383
227
113
55
48

1.2

250
175
104
58
32
3
4

152
400

1.9
5.8
3.1
1.5
.9
.9

0.9
2.4
1.4

2.3

.6

1.1
.6

.4
.4

.4
.3

.6

.1
.1

.1
.1

.1
.1

10.5

100 a n d u n d e r 250-------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500------- ---------------500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 ______________
1 ,0 0 0 a n d u n d e r 5, 000____________
5, 000 a n d u n d e r 10, 0 0 0 — ________
1 0 , 0 0 0 a n d o v e r __________________

216

113
41
23
1
6

165
113
63
56
1
6

211

129,
67
60
3
2

6

4

22

18
5
3

2 .0

4 .4
3.1

2. 0
1.1
1.0

.1

1.8
1.0
.6
.1
.1

22.3

8.5

.7
.4
(2)

6. 8

4.0

1.0

(2)

2 .0
1.0
.8
.1
.1

■ 12.2

14.5

12.7

13.6

5.6

(2)
0.4
.9
1.3
1.4
3.6

0.1

0.1
.6
1.1

(2)
0.5

(2)

(2)

0.2

0.2

.4
.4
.5

.3
.4
.5

(2)
.1 •

1.2
1.1
.1

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d (in th o u s a n d s )
A ll w o r k e r s -----------------------------

3 ,0 7 2

6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ------------------------------20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 ---------- ---------------

9.1
107.1
206.6
249.5
260.7
599.3
192.7
1 ,4 4 7 .0

100 a n d u n d e r 250-------------------------250 a n d u n d e r 500_«_______________
500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 ______ ________
1 , 0 0 0 a n d u n d e r 5, 0 0 0 ____________
5 ,0 0 0 a nd u n d e r 1 0 , 0 0 0 . _
1 0 , 0 00 a n d o v e r ----------------------------

6 8 5.6

261.1

376.3

445.1

390.9

4 1 7 .9

173.0

3 2 2.2

100.0

1.0

0.7
12.5
28.0
36.0
40.3
58.0
21.7
63.9

1.3

1.8

1.6

0.6

0.7

1 1 .2

20.3
33.3
4 5 .0
46 .7
109.9
16.0
172.1

18.7
35.1
39.1
36 .4
9 0 .2
37.6
132.2

1.3
16.7
25.5
26.8
33.8
9 8 .2
50.6
165.0

0.3
3.5
6.7

(2)
0 .4

8.1

1.3
.9
1.3

13.6
35.4
38.5
28.8
4 0 .8
6.8

520.7

26.6
39.5
4 4 .3
110.5
7 .0
135.8

7 .4

6 .8

12 .2
11 .8

10.5
12.9
14.6
36.9
35.8
204.1

15.8
54.8
17.2
53.2

8.5
19.5
6.3
47.1

1.2

(2)
0 .4
.9

.7
1.1

.2

1.3
1.9
.7

16.9

2.1

4.4

1.5
1.5
3.6
.5
5.6

1.3

1.1

2.4

5.0

1.2

.2

.8

1.3

.9

1.2

1.1

2.9

3.2

1.2

1.6

1.8
.6

4.3

5.4

1.7

1.2
1.2
6.6

10.5

19.9

15.7

44.1

(2 )
0.5

0.1

0.1

0.1
1.1
2.1
' 2.6
2.2

M a n -'d a y s id le (in th o u s a n d s )
A ll w o r k e r s ---------------------------6 a n d u n d e r 2 0 ____________________
20 a n d u n d e r 1 0 0 __________________

100 a n d u n d e r 250_________________
250 a n d u n d e r 500_________________
500 a n d u n d e r 1 ,0 0 0 ______________
1, 000 a n d u n d e r 5, 000-----------------5, 000 a n d u n d e r 10, 0 0 0 _____ _____
1 0 , 0 0 0 a n d o v e r ___________________

1
2

5 1 ,7 2 1
185.4
1 ,9 5 0 .0
3, 4 1 3.6
3 ,8 6 0 .3
4 , 043.0
10, 4 2 5.6
5, 537.4
2 2, 305.5

685.6

548.8

1, 26 5 .7

2 ,5 6 3 .5

1.0

1.7
27.6
57.3
71.5
86 .4
120.4
55.5
128.5

4 .7
38.5
9 0 .4
127.4
141.0
3 4 8 .4
14.0
50 1 .3

13.3
146.1
2 3 4.8
314.1
309.7
7 0 7 .2
9 9 .0
73 9 .2

13.6
35.4
38.5
28.8
4 0 .8
6. 8

52 0 .7

S ee f o o tn o te 1, t a b le A - 19.
L e s s th a n 0.0 5 p e r c e n t .

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g , s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l to ta ls ,




5 ,4 3 3 .9 10,302.5

8 ,1 2 8 .0

22, 79 2 .8

100.0

24 .0
2 7 7.7
5 2 0.6
5 8 3.6
5 3 3.5
1 , 2 1 6 .2
4 2 0 .2
1 ,8 5 8 .1

31.1
3 6 6.6
612.9
568.9
8 2 2 .6
2, 4 1 0 .0
81 5 .6
2, 500.3

70.1
5 9 1.0
1, 110.7
1, 343.3
1, 117.6
2, 817.3
2, 8 3 2.0
1 2 ,9 1 0 .7

0 .4
3.8

(2)
(2)

6 .6

20.2

0.1
.1
.1
.1

10.7
43.1

1.0

39.5
4 8 8 .9
7 5 1.5
813.1
1, 00 3 .2
2 ,7 6 5 .3
1, 294.3
3 ,1 4 6 .7

7.5
7.8

(2)

(2 )

(2 )

0.1
.1
.1
.2
.2
.1
.2

0.1
.2
.2

.3
.7
(2)

1.0

(2)
0.3
.5
.6
.6

1.0
1.1
1.0

1.4

2.4

.9
1.5
1.6

.2

.8

1.9
5.3
2.5

1.4

3.6

6.1

.7
1.2
1.1
1.6

4.7
4.8

1.6

5.4
5.5
25.0

T a b le A -2 2 . M e d ia tio n o f w o rk sto p p a g e s by c o n tra c t s ta tu s ,11 9 7 0
S to p p a g e s
N um ber

P e rce n t

5 ,6 6 4

100.0

G o v e r n m e n t m e d i a t i o n 2 _________________________
F e d e r a l m e d i a t i o n -----------------------------------------S ta te m e d i a t i o n ______________________________
F e d e r a l a n d S ta te m e d ia tio n c o m b i n e d _____
O th e r m e d i a ti o n ______________________________
P r i v a t e m e d ia tio n _______________________________
No m e d ia tio n r e p o r t e d __________________________
No i n f o r m a tio n ___________________________________

2, 544
1, 817
392
262
73
75
2 , 980
65

4 4 .9
32.1
6.9
4 .6

N e g o tia tio n of f i r s t a g r e e m e n t _________________
G o v e r n m e n t m e d ia tio n ----------------------------------F e d e r a l m e d i a t i o n ------------------------------------S ta te m e d i a ti o n ___________________________
F e d e r a l a n d S ta te m e d ia tio n c o m b i n e d __
O th e r m e d i a ti o n __________________________
P r i v a t e m e d ia tio n ____________________________
No m e d ia tio n r e p o r t e d ______________________
No i n f o r m a tio n _______________________________

A ll s to p p a g e s _______________________________

R e n e g o tia tio n of a g r e e m e n t ( e x p ir a tio n
o r r e o p e n in g ) ___________________________________
G o v e r n m e n t m e d i a t i o n ______________________
F e d e r a l m e d i a t i o n ________________________
S ta te m e d i a ti o n __________________________
F e d e r a l a n d S ta te m e d ia tio n c o m b in e d —
O th e r m e d i a ti o n _____ ___________________
P r i v a t e m e d ia tio n _____ __________________:____
No m e d ia tio n r e p o r t e d ______________________
No i n f o r m a t i o n ______________________________
D u rin g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t ( n e g o tia tio n of
n e w a g r e e m e n t n o t in v o lv e d )__________________
G o v e r n m e n t m e d ia tio n __ ___________________
F e d e r a l m e d i a t i o n ________________________
S ta te m e d i a t i o n ---------------------------------------F e d e r a l a n d S ta te m e d ia tio n c o m b in e d —
O th e r m e d i a ti o n --------------------------------------P r i v a t e m e d i a t i o n ______________________
No m e d ia tio n r e p o r t e d ______________________
No i n f o r m a t i o n ______________________________

M a n -d a y s id le

W o r k e r s in v o lv e d

M e d ia tio n a g e n c y a n d c o n tr a c t s ta t u s

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

N um ber
(in
th o u s a n d s )

P e rce n t

3, 072

5 1, 721

100.0

2, 046.1
1 ,5 9 4 .9
169.5
262.1
19.6

1.1

2 5 .7
9 8 4 .2
15.9

31 .8
.5

710
301
207
63
18
13

12.5
5.3
3 .7

130.2
4 3 .3
28 .7

4 .2
1.4
.9

1.1

6 .6

.3

.2
.2
.1

22

.4
6 .7

5.3
2.7
16.8
6 9 .6

.2

.5

5 0 .7
37.6
27.4
5 .4
4.1
.7

2, 088.3
1, 79 1 .8
1 ,3 9 1 .3
142.3
2 4 6 .0

688

.6
12.1

19

.3

5 .0
289.5
1.9

1 ,9 1 6
93
54
18

3 3 .8

8

.1
.2

3 78
9
2, 870
2, 131
1 ,5 5 2
305
236
38
32

13
18
1, 777
28

No c o n tr a c t o r o t h e r c o n tr a c t s t a t u s ___________
G o v e r n m e n t m e d ia tio n _______________________
F e d e r a l m e d i a t i o n ------------------------------------S ta te m e d i a ti o n __________________________
F e d e r a l a n d S ta te m e d ia tio n c o m b in e d —
O th e r m e d i a ti o n __________________________
P r i v a t e m e d ia tio n ----------------------------- ----------No m e d ia tio n r e p o r t e d ______________________
No i n f o r m a t i o n ______________________________

114

No in f o r m a tio n on c o n tr a c t s t a t u s --------------------G o v e r n m e n t m e d ia tio n _______________________
F e d e r a l m e d i a t i o n ___
______ __________
S ta te m e d i a t i o n -----------------------------------------F e d e r a l a n d S ta te m e d ia tio n c o m b in e d —
O th e r m e d i a t i o n __________________________
P r i v a t e m e d ia tio n ------------------------------------------No m e d ia tio n r e p o r t e d ---------------------------------‘No i n f o r m a t i o n ______________________________

.2

1.6
1.0

.3
.3
31.3
.5

54

11
1
2

2 .0
.2

(3 )
(3 )

-

.1
.1

3
96
4

.5
2.3
(3 )
68.0

58 .3
4 5 .3
4 .6
8 .0

12 .2

•3
!
|
i

.2

9.2
.1

87.5
81 .7
6 7 .0
3.6

13.1
.7
(4 )
(4 )

.4
(3 )
(3 )
(3 )

108.2
7.8
(4 )
7.2

.4

.1
.1

-

-

(4 )

(3 )
(3 )
.4
(3 )

.1
12 .2

.3
1 1 .0
1.8

.4

.7
.4
.7
9 .0

(3 )

(3 )
.7
.1

41
5

4 5 ,2 3 7 .1
4 2 ,2 5 9 .6
3 4 ,6 4 0 .9
1 ,8 5 9 .5
5 ,5 9 3 .9
165.4
5 8 .0
2, 883.1
3 6 .4

j

19.6
.4

.6

1.0
.1
.1
.1

1

1.7
(3 )

3 , 816.1
1 ,3 6 3 .6
89 3 .7
108.5
351.6
9 .8
16.7
2 ,3 9 9 .6
3 6 .2

6 .8

5 .7

.1

8

866.0
20.0

27 .0

1.7

3
4
-

4 .8
2.4

829.3
208.6
174.1
19.9
10.9
3 .8
3 .8
6 0 3 .9
13.0

-

8

.6
.8

86.9
70.8
4 .0
11.7
.3

2 ,4 7 0 .5
1 ,2 5 8 .8
1 ,0 4 0 .1
69 .2
131.8
17.7
3 2 5 .8

51.9
5.5
8.5

1.2

.2

.1
C)

(3 )
.3
(3 )

1 S e e f o o tn o te 1 , ta b l e A - 19.
2 In c lu d e s s to p p a g e s in v o lv in g w o r k e r s in w h ic h p r iv a t e m e d ia tio n a ls o w a s e m p lo y e d .
3 L e s s th a n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
4 F e w e r th a n 100.

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,




s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

52

100.0

4 4 ,9 2 8 .2
3 6 ,6 0 2 .1
2 , 0 5 4 .8
6 , 077.2
194.1
4 0 0 .7
6 ,2 9 1 .4
100.5

6 6 .6

1.3
52 .5

P ercen t

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

.8
12 .0
.2

2.0
.1

.3
(3 )
.6

1 0 .8

.3
.1

5 .4
.1

7.4
2 .6

1.7
.2

.7
(3 )
(3 )
4 .6
.1
.2

.2

(3 )
(3 )
(3 )
(3 )
(3 )

97.1
3,1

(3 )

-

.5

88.9
38 .4
27 .4
10.3
.7
4 5 .7
4 .8

.2

.2
.1
.1

(3 )
(3 )
.1

(3 )

T a b le A -2 3 . S e ttle m e n t o f w o rk s to p p a g e s by c o n tra c t s ta tu s ,11 9 7 0
S to p p a g e s

W o rk e r s in v o lv e d

C o n tr a c t s ta tu s a n d s e tt le m e n t

M a n -d a y s id le
N um ber
(in
th o u sa n d s )

N um ber

P ercen t

N um ber
(in
th o u sa n d s )

---------------------

5 ,6 6 4

100.0

3 ,0 7 2

S e ttle m e n t r e a c h e d 2 ____________________________
E m p lo y e r o ut of b u s in e s s o r
o p e r a tio n c lo s e d ______________ _______________
No f o r m a l s e t t l e m e n t ________________________ __
W o rk r e s u m e d u n d e r in ju n c tio n -------------------------No i n f o r m a tio n ___________________________________

4 , 767

84.2

2 ,3 1 2 .0

75.3

4 9 ,4 6 1 .9

95.6

67
732
96

1.2

6.1
212.1

.2

139.7
1 ,0 9 4 .9
1 ,0 2 0 .3
4 .0

2.1
2 .0

A ll s to p p a g e s ------------------------

N e g o tia tio n of f i r s t a g r e e m e n t o r
u n io n r e c o g n itio n ----------------------------------------------S e ttle m e n t r e a c h e d 2 _________________________
E m p lo y e r ou t of b u s in e s s o r
o p e r a tio n c lo s e d ____________________________
No f o r m a l s e t t l e m e n t _______________________
W o rk r e s u m e d u n d e r in ju n c tio n _____________
No in f o r m a tio n _______________________________

P e rce n t
100.0

5 1 ,7 2 1

P e rce n t
100.0

.3

5 4 1 .7

2

12.9
1.7
(3 )

.2

6 .9
17.6
(3 )

710
516

12.5
9.1

130.2
94.3

4 .2
3.1

2 ,4 7 0 .5
1 ,9 9 2 .6

4 .8
3.9

17
160
16

2.8

1.3
12.5

(3 )
.4
.7
(3 )

45.1
294.9
134.5
3 .4

.1
.6

.3
(3 )

68.0

4 5 , 237.1
4 4 ,3 6 6 .2

87.5
85.6

51.1
3 0 2 .7
5 1 7.1

.1
.6
1.0

.3

(3 )

22.2

1

.3
(3 )

2, 870
2, 729

5 0 .7
4 8 .2

2 ,0 8 8 .3
1 ,6 2 7 .0

30

.5
1.5
.4
-

1.7

.1

2 0 .8

25
-

4 3 8 .8
-

.7
14.3
-

1 ,9 1 6
1 ,4 0 3

33 .8
2 4 .8

829.3
5 7 4.5

27 .0
18.7

3 ,8 1 6 .1
2 ,9 6 5 .5

7.4
5.7

17
446
50
-

.3
7.9
.9
-

2.9
173.8
78.2
-

.1

4 2 .2
4 6 8 .6
3 3 9 .9

.1

5 .7
2.5
"

No c o n tr a c t o r o th e r c o n tr a c t s t a t u s ___________
S e ttle m e n t r e a c h e d 2 _________________________
E m p lo y e r out of b u s in e s s o r
o p e r a tio n c lo s e d ------------------------------------------No f o r m a l s e tt le m e n t- _____________________
W o rk r e s u m e d u n d e r in ju n c tio n _____________
No in fo r m a tio n _______________________________

114
74

2.0

1.3

13.1
7.8

.4
.3

108.2
57.8

.2
.1

3
32
5
-

.1
.6
.1

.2
2.6
2. 6

(3 )

1.3

.1
.1

20.1

(3 )
(3 )

28 .9

.1

-

-

No in f o r m a tio n on c o n tr a c t s ta t u s ______________
S e ttle m e n t r e a c h e d 2 ____ __________________
E m p lo y e r ou t of b u s in e s s o r
o p e r a tio n c lo s e d ____________________________
N o f o r m a l s e t t l e m e n t ________________________
W o rk r e s u m e d u n d e r in ju n c tio n --------------------No in f o r m a tio n _______________________________

54
45

1.0
.8

.4
.3

88.9
79.7

.2
.2

R e n e g o tia tio n of a g r e e m e n t ( e x p ir a tio n
o r re o p e n in g ) __________ ______________________
S e ttle m e n t r e a c h e d 2 _________________________
E m p lo y e r o ut of b u s in e s s o r
o p e r a tio n c lo s e d ____________________________
No f o r m a l s e t t l e m e n t __________________ ___ _
W o rk r e s u m e d u n d e r in ju n c tio n -------------------No in f o r m a tio n _______________________________
D u rin g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t (n e g o tia tio n of
n e w a g r e e m e n t n o t in v o lv e d )__________________
S e ttle m e n t r e a c h e d 2 _________________________
E m p lo y e r out of b u s in e s s o r
o p e r a tio n c lo s e d ____________________________
No f o r m a l s e t t l e m e n t -------- _ --------------------W o rk r e s u m e d u n d e r in ju n c tio n _____________
No in f o r m a tio n __________ ___ _____________

86

-

-

8

.1

-

-

1

(3 )

(4 )

11 .0

8.4

5 3 .0

-

“

-

-

2.4
-

-

.2

.1

(3 )

8.6

.6

1 S e e fo o tn o te 1, t a b le A - 19.
2 T h e p a r t i e s e i t h e r r e a c h e d a f o r m a l s e tt le m e n t o r a g r e e d on a p r o c e d u r e f o r r e s o lv in g t h e i r d i f f e r e n c e s .
3 L e s s th a n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
4 F e w e r th a n 1 0 0 .

NO TE:

B e c a u s e of r o u n d in g ,




s u m s of in d iv id u a l i te m s m a y n o t e q u a l t o t a l s .

53

.9
.7

D a s h e s d e n o te z e r o s .

(3 )
(3 )

T a b le A -2 4 . P ro c e d u re fo r resolving u n s ettled issues in w o rk s to p p a g e s
by c o n tra c t s ta tu s ,1 1 9 7 0
Stop pages
P r o c e d u r e f o r h a nd l i ng u n s e t t l e d
i s s u e s and c o n t r a c t s t a tu s

N umber

W o r k e r s in volved

Percent

N um ber
(in
t h ou sa nd s)

M a n - d a y s i dl e

Percent

N um ber
(in
t hou sa nd s)

Percent

A l l s t o p p a g e s 2 ------------------------------------------------

627

100.0

393.9

100.0

2,737.1

100.0

A r b i t r a t i o n ______________
_________________
D i r e c t n e g o t i a t i o n s __________________________
R e f e r r a l to a g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c y -----------------------O t h e r m e a n s ------------------------ --------------------------

88
91
299
149

14.0
1 4. 5
47.7
23.8

90. 1
83. 0
204.8
16. 0

22.9
21.1
52.0
4. 1

892 .7
3 87 . 1
1,375.8
81.5

32.6
1 4 .1
50.3
3.0

N e g o t i a t i o n of f i r s t a g r e e m e n t or
uni on r e c o g n i t i o n ___________________________
A r b i t r a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------------D i r e c t n e g o t i a t i o n s _______________________
_
R e f e r r a l to a g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c y _______ _
O t h e r m e a n s _____________________________

43
6
10
23
4

6.9
1.0
1. 6
3. 7
.6

4.0
1.8
1. 1
1.0
.1

1.0
.5
.3
.3

95. 8
12. 9
12 . 4
69 .1
1. 4

3.5
.5
.5
2.5
.1

R e n e g o t i a t i o n of a g r e e m e n t ( e x p i r a t i o n
or r e o p e n i n g ) _____________ _______________
A r b i t r a t i o n _______________________________
D i r e c t n e g o t i a t i o n s ------------------------------------------R e f e r r a l to a g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c y __________
O t h e r m e a n s -------------------------------------------------------

42
16
16
8
2

6. 7
2.6
2.6
1. 3
.3

69.2
5 2. 2
4. 6
12.2
.1

1 7 .6
13. 3
1. 2
3.1

34.4
26.0
1. 6
6.8

(3 )

9 4 1 .0
710.4
44.6
1 85 .6
.3

D u r i n g t e r m of a g r e e m e n t ( ne g o t i a t i o n of
n e w a g r e e m e n t not i n v o l v e d ) -----------------------------A r b i t r a t i o n _______________________________
D i r e c t n e g o t i a t i o n s _______________________
R e f e r r a l to a g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c y ------------------O t h e r m e a n s -------------------------------------------------------

532
65
59
266
142

84.8
10. 4
9. 4
42 .4
22.6

320.0
35. 9
7 6. 9
191. 5
15.7

81.2
9.1
19. 5
48.6
4.0

1,697.2
168. 4
328.9
1, 120 .2
79. 6

62.0
6.2
12. 0
40.9
2.9

N o c o n t r a c t or o t h e r c o n t r a c t s t a t u s _________
A r b i t r a t i o n ____________ _________________
D i r e c t n e g o t i a t i o n s ------------------------------------------R e f e r r a l to a g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c y ------------------O t h e r m e a n s _____________________________

8

1. 3

.5

.1

1. 7

.1

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
1
1

1. 0
.2
.2

.3
.1
.1

.1
(3)
(3 )

1. 1
.4
.2

(3)
(3 )
(3)

N o i n f o r m a t i o n on c o n t r a c t s t a t u s ----------------------A r b i t r a t i o n ---------------------------------------------------------D i r e c t n e g o t i a t i o n s ------------------------------------------R e f e r r a l t o a g o v e r n m e n t a g e n c y ------------------O t h e r m e a n s _________________ ___________

2
1
1

.3
.2
.2

.2
.2
-

.1
.1
-

(3 )
-

(4 )

(3 )

1. 5
1.0
.5

1 S e e f o ot n ot e 1, t a b l e A - 19.
2 E x c l u d e s s t o p p a g e s on w h i c h t h e r e w a s
th es e i ssu e s .
3 L e s s t ha n 0.05 p e r c e n t .
4 L e s s t ha n 100.
NOTE:

B e c a u s e of r o u nd i n g,




“

"

(3)

“

(3 )

.1

(3 )
'

no i n f o r m a t i o n on u n s e t t l e d i s s u e s o r no a g r e e m e n t on a p r o c e d u r e f o r h a nd li ng

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q u a l t o t a l s .

54

D a s h e s d eno t e z e r o s .

A p p e n d ix B.

W o r k s to p p a g e s by m onth, 1 9 2 7 —7 0
January

Period

Sto ppa ges beginning
in y e a r

F ebruary

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
e f f e c t d u ri n g y e a r

Workers
Workers
N um be r
invo lved
Number
involve d
(t hou sa nd s)
( thousa nds)

M a n - d a y s P e r c e n t of
i dl e duri ng e s t i m a t e d
y e a r (all
w ork ing
st op pa ge s ) t i m e ( a ll
(thousands) i n d u s t r i e s )

Stoppages beginning
in y e a r

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
effect during y e a r

Workers
Num ber
involved
N um be r
( t hou sa nd s)

Workers
in volved
(thou sa nd s)

M arch
M a n - d a y s P e r c e n t of
idle during e s ti m ated
y e a r (a ll
w ork ing
s t o p p a g e s ) t i m e (al l
( t ho us a nd s ) i n d u s t r i e s )

S t o p p a g e s b e gi n n i n g
in y e a r
Num be r

Work ers
involved
( t hou sa nd s)

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
ef fe ct during y ea r
N um be r

Workers
involved
(thousands)

M a n -d ay s
P e r c e n t of
i d l e d uri ng e s t i m a t e d
y e a r (al l
working
s t op p a g e s )
t i m e (all
( thousa nds) i n d u s t r i e s )

1 9 2 7 _______
192 8_______
19 2 9_______
1 930_______

35
45
50
49

5.1
17 .1
15 .0
11.2

_

_

86
75
71

2 7. 6
16. 9
15 .4

54.2
315 .0
66.7
237. 0

(‘ )
(M
( )
( )

63
46
51
49

9. 7
36.0
2 7. 3
38.3

79
96
84
74

11. 9
48. 2
32 .7
45 .6

1 18 . 0
4 45 .0
156. 0
503. 0

C)
C)
n

70
41
68
47

16. 3
8.4
1 8. 7
17.6

108
88
103
88

21.7
41.9
29 .1
26. 7

250.0
401. 0
300.0
342.0

(‘ )
C )
C )
(M

1 9 3 1 _______
1 9 3 2_______
1 9 3 3 _______
19 3 4_______
1 9 3 5 _______

58
88
83
98
140

11. 2
13.4
23.7
81.7
81.2

66
110
94
132
213

16. 5
14.9
24.4
107. 0
92.6

181. 0
132.0
278.0
822.0
7 2 1. 0

C)
C )
(■ )
n
( )

52
60
67
94
149

31.5
44.6
13. 6
89.6
64.2

73
97
101
143
232

34.6
49. 9
2 3. 7
1 6 1. 0
96.5

3 2 1 .0
4 6 7 .0
1 3 7. 0
868.0
836.0

(*)
n
(M
n
n

53
63
106
161
175

32.2
36.0
4 5. 2
91. 6
53.1

87
103
141
222
27 7

47 . 6
7 9. 2
54.2
129.0
98.5

3 17 . 0
545. 0
52 1.0
1,240 .0
967.0

(2)
C )
(j )
(j )

1 9 3 6_______
1 9 3 7 _______
1 9 3 8_______
1 9 3 9-------------1 94 0_______

167
171
168
203
128

32 .4
109. 0
35 .3
51. 2
26 .9

251
27 1
288
323
222

59. 2
21 4. 0
5 5. 9
7 2. 4
41.3

636.0
2, 720. 0
47 3. 0
5 13 . 0
247.0

( !)
( )
n
C)
( )

148
211
198
204
172

63 . 1
99.3
53. 2
7 8.3
29.5

250
350
327
343
270

89.7
226. 0
77.5
88.3
38.1

7 48. 0
1, 490.0
514.0
5 5 3. 0
290.0

(M
C )
(*)
n
C)

185
614
27 4
210
17 8

7 5 .2
290.0
56. 8
43 .3
'22.4

304
760
421
349
295

122.0
358.0
106.0
64.7
43.2

1,330.0
3, 290.0
768.0
618. 0
387.0

C )
p )

1 9 4 1 _______
1 9 4 2 _______
1 9 4 3 _______
1 94 4_______
1 9 4 5 ___ ____

240
156
192
330
234

91.9
26 .9
91.2
114.0
46.7

349
239
207
363
265

110. 0
43.2
95 .1
134.0
5 5 .1

663.0
331. 0
452.0
7 1 0. 0
199.0

( !)
( )
( }
( }
()

25 7
181
200
340
27 9

7 1. 9
5 8. 1
38.8
146.0
11 1.0

388
255
226
378
3 13

128.0
76. 0
43 . 5
163.0
1 18 .0

1,130.0
3 57 . 0
11 7.0
49 5 .0
388.0

C)
C)
C)
o
C)

348
234
248
386
382

11 8 .0
6 7. 3
7 3. 9
1 35. 0
197 .0

499
297
27 2
429
422

17 9. 0
7 9. 7
76. 8
148.0
22 7. 0

1,560.0
402.0
17 9. 0
44 1. 0
7 7 5 .0

1 9 4 6_______
1 9 4 7 _______
19 4 8_______
1 94 9-------------1 9 5 0_______

337
321
221
274
248

1,3 7 0 .0
105 .0
7 7.5
77 .1
17 0. 0

502
482
306
382
368

1,740. 0
165. 0
102.0
99.7
305.0

19, 700.0
1,340.0
1,050.0
726.0
2, 730. 0

2. 28
.14
.11
.08
.30

290
296
256
239
206

134.0
7 4. 9
93.2
77.5
56. 5

515
498
367
369
385

1,500.0
154. 0
132.0
106.0
5 27 . 0

22, 900.0
1,230.0
91 3 .0
6 75 . 0
8, 590.0

3.06
. 14
.10
.08
1. 04

440
361
271
289
298

14 7. 0
95. 7
494. 0
490.0
85.2

698
5 72
426
436
453

1, 010.0
168.0
5 52. 0
520.0
566.0

1 3 , 8 0 0. 0
1, 100.0
6,440.0
3 , 46 0 .0
3,870.0

1. 66
.12
.61
.34
.38

1 9 5 1 _______
1 9 5 2 _______
1 9 5 3 _______
1 9 5 4 _______
1 9 5 5 _______

442
438
341
208
229

2 3 7. 0
212.0
189. 0
71.0
49 . 3

593
568
492
341
322

260.0
2 51 . 0
223.0
1 27 . 0
69.3

1,270 .0
1,340.0
1 , 3 60 . 0
1 , 0 20 . 0
386.0

. 12
.13
.14
. 10
.03

347
403
327
249
255

186. 0
190.0
131.0
5 9. 1
92.3

548
585
489
400
347

322. 0
258. 0
193 .0
104.0
122.0

1,940.0
1, 370. 0
1,10 0 .0
886.0
6 10 . 0

.20
.14
. 11
.09
.06

355
438
457
268
310

120.0
303.0
196.0
113.0
164.0

5 37
614
639
420
435

230.0
359. 0
23 7. 0
160.0
21 2 .0

1, 7 1 0 .0
1,610 .0
1,260.0
1,490.0
1 , 6 8 0 .0

. 16
. 16
.12
. 14
.15

1 9 5 6 _______
1 9 5 7 _______
195 8_______
1 9 5 9 - .......... I 9 6 0_______

260
240
208
217
191

88.0
5 6. 6
82.8
75.9
71.1

357
341
307
378
313

192.0
7 2. 9
97 .8
168.0
131.0

2, 150.0
618. 0
595. 0
1 , 80 0. 0
1, 110. 0

.20
.05
.05
. 16
.11

270
229
159
206
242

82.1
59. 0
35. 8
73.7
64.5

390
361
262
347
37 3

196.0
121.0
52.1
130. 0
128. 0

2, 270.0
925.0
404.0
1,36 0. 0
1,280.0

. 21
.09
.04
. 13
.11

264
276
195
305
270

69.0
77.0
159. 0
103.0
84.9

394
402
309
462
430

139.0
107. 0
182. 0
15 9. 0
130.0

2 , 0 20 . 0
802.0
1,240 .0
1,270 .0
1, 550.0

.17
.08
.11
. 11
. 12

1 9 6 1 — ..........
19 6 2_______
1 9 6 3_______
1 9 6 4_______
1 9 6 5 --------------

196
247
230
211
244

76. 0
61.0
68.0
5 3. 0
99.0

309
403
366
375
404

90.0
86.0
1 7 5. 0
91. 0
183.0

589.0
862.0
2,240.0
898.0
1, 740.0

.05
.07
.19
.07
.15

191
216
198
233
208

113.0
63.0
53. 0
81.0
45. 0

319
387
323
375
393

133. 0
OO.O
109.0
116.0
149.0

768. 0
7 66.0
1 , 0 0 0 .0
1,040.0
1,440.0

.07
.07
.09
.09
.12

224
305
214
241
329

47 . 0
90.0
40.0
79. 0
180.0

350
482
348
399
511

62.0
134.0
90.0
123.0
27 4. 0

478. 0
1,070.0
984.0
816.0
1, 770.0

.04
.09
.09
.07
.13

1 96 6_______
1 9 6 7 _______
1 968_______
1 9 6 9-------------1 9 7 0--------------

238
286
314
342
27 9

113.0
94.0
187.8
1 84. 9
71.1

389
443
483
511
45 8

140.0
163.0
275.7
264. 3
269. 9

1 , 0 9 0. 0
1, 250.0
2, 668.5
3,173.3
3, 7 1 0 . 8

.08
.09
.18
.21
.25

252
292
357
385
330

1 0 1. 0
104.0
2 7 5. 0
177.1
116.3

42 1
485
569
5 78
529

138. 0
159. 0
45 1.3
339 .9
329.6

928.0
1,280.0
4,104 .1
2,565.8
2, 1 10. 6

.07
. 10
.29
.18
.15

336
368
381
436
427

217.0
130.0
174.5
1 5 8 .1
3 1 6 .2

536
545
6 18
651
630

265.0
195. 0
368. 7
386. 3
402.5

1,4 10 .0
1, 510. 0
3,682.0
2,412.5
2, 4 7 1 . 2

. 10
. 10
.26
. 16
. 16

See f o o tn o te a t e n d o f t a b l e .




■

i

(M

l1)
p )

(*)
i1 i
i1 i
C )
C )

W o r k s to p p a g e s by m o n th, 1 9 2 7 —7 0

C o n tin u e d

Period

Stoppage s beginning
year
Number

Workers
invo lve d
( t ho u s a n d s )

M a n -d a y s
P e r c e n t of S t o p p a g e s b e gi n ni n g
M an-days
A l l stop pag es in
P e r c e n t of
i dl e d ur ing e s t i m a t e d
in y e a r
i d l e d u ri n g e s t i m a t e d
ef fe ct during y e a r
wo rking
y e a r (a ll
working
y e a r (al l
Work ers
W ork ers
W ork ers
stoppages)
t i m e (all
st opp ages )
t i m e ( a ll
N um ber
N um be r
in volved
in volved
invo lved
Number
(t hou sa nd s) i n d u s t r i e s )
( t ho us a nd s ) i n d u s t r i e s )
(t ho us a nd s )
(t ho us a nd s )
(t hou sa nd s)
A l l s t o p p a g e s in
ef fe ct during y e a r

1 9 2 7 ____ ___
1 9 2 8--------------1 9 2 9— -............
1 93 0________

84
69
121
68

190. 0
89.3
41.3
11. 9

138
104
15 8
103

198. 0
95.0
49.0
19. 0

3, 570.0
1,450.0
654.0
426. 0

1 9 3 1 ------ --------1 9 3 2________
1 9 3 3 ________
1 9 3 4 . ............—
1 9 3 5 ........ .........

78
89
89
21 0
180

39.0
53. 0
3 7. 8
18 5. 0
67.9

106
11 7
133
283
294

7 0. 5
6 5. 7
5 3. 1
230.0
124.0

935.0
1,390.0
730. 0
2, 330.0
1, 180.0

1 9 3 6 ..................
1 9 3 7 --------------193 8________
1 9 3 9..................
1 940— .........—

183
535
281
281
228

65 . 4
22 2. 0
7 8 .7
396.0
39.5

31 3
7 85
45 6
43 1
336

95 .5
394.0
111.0
426. 0
53.1

700.0
3 , 3 8 0 .0
838.0
4,900.0
442. 0

1 9 4 1 - ....... .......
19 4 2________
1 9 4 3________
19 4 4------ --------1 9 4 5 ________

403
277
384
4 53
43 1

512.0
56. 0
219.0
166.0
306.0

592
357
416
516
486

5 67 .0
85.7
228.0
1 8 1. 0
3 27 .0

7,110.0
367. 0
662.0
614 .0
1, 47 0. 0

1 9 4 6 ........ .........
1 9 4 7 ________
1 9 4 8 . ................
19 4 9________
195 0________

504
479
3 19
360
407

566 .0
624. 0
1 7 4. 0
160.0
15 9. 0

827
• 706
496
5 31
605

1, 180.0
6 75 .0
6 2 1 .0
208.0
294. 0

1 9 5 1 ___ _____
1 9 5 2 .......... .......
1 9 5 3 ________
1 9 5 4________
1 9 5 5 ..................

367
529
560
330
352

163 .0
1,040.0
3 1 2 .0
113.0
2 11 .0

540
75 6
798
501
497

1 9 5 6________
1 9 5 7 ...............1 9 5 8 ________
1 9 5 9 ............—
I9 6 0— . ........ -

382
389
293
406
352

141.0
165 .0
82.2
149. 0
150. 0

1 9 6 1 ________
1 9 6 2..................
19 6 3________
19 6 4___ ___ 1 9 6 5________

281
340
291
364
390

1 96 6________
1 9 6 7 ________
1 968________
1 96 9.......... .......
1 9 7 0________

403
462
505
578
640

203.0
113.0
60.8
2 5. 3

3 , 6 4 0 .0
1, 910. 0
93 1. 0
190.0

( )
(*)

66
74
154
165
189

32.0
18.5
96.2
5 6. 2
48. 9

113
125
2 19
276
319

58 .1
103. 0
128. 0
120.0
130.0

808.0
1,820.0
1, 0 80 .0
1, 570.0
1, 310. 0

n
C)
()
C )
C)

188
610
219
245
214

63 .4
2 8 1. 0
5 2. 8
62 .5
38.5

309
940
424
407
336

134. 0
4 75 . 0
95 .9
1 27 . 0
56. 4

1,330.0
5 , 0 00 . 0
8 71 .0
958.0
484.0

C)

357
345
433
441
482

143.0
110. 0
1 87 .0
14 5. 0
332.0

571
42 1
47 5
519
576

2 2 7. 0
126.0
5 85.0
221.0
383.0

1, 500.0
586.0
4,700.0
7 27 . 0
1,890.0

13, 70 0.0
6,7 30 .0
4, 080.0
3,430.0
3, 270. 0

1. 50
.71
.43
. 37
.33

388
379
349
377
483

1 81 . 0
448.0
169.0
5 7 2. 0
278. 0

758
701
565
632
768

45 5. 0
5 97 . 0
243. 0
6 73. 0
3 73. 0

4, 580.0
3 , 9 60 . 0
2, 220.0
4, 470. 0
2,630 .0

0. 55
.42
.21
.46
.26

249. 0
1,200. 0
406.0
244. 0
324. 0

1, 820.0
8, 020.0
3, 77 0. 0
2, 010 .0
2,820.0

.16
.81
.36
. 21
. 27

396
435
567
358
506

194.0
20 1 .0
258. 0
196.0
48 7. 0

61 5
719
875
5 77
734

2 6 1 .0
990.0
448.0
28 1 .0
5 93. 0

1, 80 0 .0
15, 000.0
4, 530.0
2,390.0
3 , 3 8 0. 0

. 16
1.51
.41
.22
.31

648
634
519
688
574

287. 0
243. 0
200.0
294. 0
236.0

2, 910. 0
1, 990.0
1,940.0
3,010. 0
2,110.0

.25
.17
.18
. 27
.19

372
388
374
460
400

115.0
15 4. 0
15 6. 0
183. 0
2 1 4 .0

576
5 77
552
722
629

230.0
238. 0
247.0
330.0
3 1 4 .0

2, 010. 0
2,050.0
1, 850.0
2, 890.0
2, 950.0

.17
.20
. 17
.24
.25

11 0. 0
212.0
1 18 .0
192.0
1 27 . 0

561
653
543
651
669

148. 0
262. 0
148. 0
249. 0
20 1 .0

1, 610 .0
2, 520.0
1,43 0. 0
2,400.0
1,850.0

.13
.20
.12
.20
. 16

337
436
380
376
425

17 1. 0
151.0
128. 0
124.0
268.0

554
695
593
586
67 7

240.0
31 1. 0
1 8 1. 0
222. 0
354.0

1, 660.0
3 , 0 20 . 0
1,550 .0
1, 900.0
2, 590.0

.13
.25
.14
.15
.19

240.0
278. 0
307 .3
286.3
331.1

720
7 69
930
1,054
1,05 0

340.0
5 85 .0
7 36 . 2
5 0 7 .7
675.4

2,870 .0
4,41 0 .0
7,452.2
4,744.7
6, 65 0.7

. 21
.30
.49
.32
.46

499
47 2
500
565
657

161.0
212.0
168 .5
214.6
288. 1

75 9
75 9
810
9 11
1,060

265.0
405. 0
399.9
500.0
538. 0

2,22 0.0
4, 930.0
5, 5 7 6. 8
4,722.7
5, 845.6

. 15
.33
.40
.31
.36

(M

206.0
91.7
60.3
18.9

3 ,7 10 .0
1,70 0.0
950.0
226. 0

( !)
()
( )
( )
()

104
91
161
226
17 4

36.8
50.0
68.3
146.0
102.0

146
137
217
329
307

7 0 .1
104.0
10 1. 0
234. 0
151.0

570.0
2,080.0
1,07 0.0
1, 960.0
1,700.0

(! )
( )
( )
( )
( )

206
604
300
258
239

7 2. 8
325.0
83.0
95.2
53. 2

340
877
495
434
361

123 .0
445.0
125 .0
4 57 . 0
7 7.1

1,020.0
2, 980.0
1 , 170. 0
3, 550.0
666.0

( !)
()

463
285
412
589
433

3 2 1 .0
68.8
558.0
31 9. 0
333.0

669
37 3
45 8
666
517

420.0
7 9. 2
662. 0
343.0
358. 0

2, 170. 0
322. 0
1, 47 0. 0
1,440.0
2, 220.0

14,300.0
8, 540.0
7,4 10 .0
1, 880.0
3, 280.0

1.60
.87
. 74
.20
.37

376
471
339
449
485

569.0
230.0
168.0
23 1 .0
354.0

768
7 81
5 53
6 78
7 23

1,510.0
696.0
344.0
309.0
508.0

222.0
1,170.0
413.0
18 7. 0
308.0

1 , 89 0 . 0
5, 370.0
2,690.0
1,220. 0
2,730 .0

.18
.51
.25
.11
.26

440
518
596
384
432

166.0
363.0
31 3. 0
208.0
177.0

621
800
869
5 59
6 16

516
522
41 1
593
535

199.0
203.0
122 .0
23 3. 0
222. 0

1, 540.0
1,610 .0
1,10 0.0
2,380.0
1, 930.0

. 14
. 14
. 10
. 21
.17

478
446
360
442
367

202.0
17 9. 0
156. 0
167 .0
156. 0

88.0
114.0
89.0
140.0
141.0

399
5 37
42 3
5 29
603

112.0
146.0
119.0
18 7. 0
194.0

984.0
1, 130.0
937. 0
1 ,17 0 .0
1, 840.0

.09
.10
.08
.09
.14

393
442
37 7
442
450

227.0
398.0
537.2
309.7
451.1

614
638
7 48
831
884

392.0
439. 0
6 56 .9
46 2. 3
5 23 . 1

2, 600.0
2,540.0
5,6 77.4
3,755.0
5,4 31.1

.19
.19
.38
.24
. 34

494
528
610
723
699

C)

W ork ers
W o rk ers
Num ber
in vo lved
in vo lved
( t ho us a nd s)
( t ho us a nd s )

Man-days
P e r c e n t of
i d l e d ur ing e s t i m a t e d
working
y e a r (all
stoppages)
t i m e (al l
(t hou sa nd s) i n d u s t r i e s )

164
92
156
91

163
120
1 79
97

(! )
( )

Num be r

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
e f f e c t d u ri n g y e a r

1 9. 6
33. 2
25. 0
18.6

21. 0
17.1
3 7. 4
11. 2

( !)
( )
C)

S t o p p a g e s b e g i nn i ng
in y e a r

80
44
77
61

95
80
121
58

S ee fo o tn o te a t e n d o f t a b l e .




June

May

April

(! )
( )
( )
C )
C)
C )

( )
( )
C)

( !)
n

()
()
()
( !)
C)
n

( !)

( !)

(!)

( )
C)
C)
C)
(!)
C)
C )

n
C)

W o r k s to p p a g e s by m o n th, 1 9 2 7 —7 0 -----C o n tin u e d
July

Period

Sto ppa ges beginning
in y e a r
Number

Workers
invo lved
(t hou sa nd s)

Au gust

Se pt em be r

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
e f f e c t d ur ing y e a r

M a n - d a y s P e r c e n t of S t o p p a g e s b e g i n n i n g
A l l s t o p p a g e s in
M an-days
P e r c e n t of
i dl e duri ng e s t i m a t e d
in y e a r
e f f e c t d u ri n g y e a r
i d l e d u ri n g e s t i m a t e d
y e a r (all
w ork ing
y e a r ( al l
w ork ing
W ork ers
W o rk e r s
Workers
st oppag es )
t i m e (all
stoppages)
t i m e (a ll
N um be r
involved
N um be r
involve d
Num be r
involved
(thousands) i n d u s t r i e s )
(thousands) i n d u s t r i e s )
(t housands)
(thousands)
(thousands)

Stop pages beginning
in y e a r
Number

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
e f f e c t d u ri n g y e a r

Workers
involved
N um be r
( thousa nds)

Work ers
involved
(t housands)

M a n -d ay s
P e r c e n t of
i dl e d ur ing e s t i m a t e d
y e a r (al l
working
s t op p ag es )
t i m e (al l
(t housands) i n du s t r i e s )

1 9 2 7 _______
1 9 2 8 -------------1 9 2 9 -------------1 93 0--------------

55
56
81
79

1 9. 4
18 .3
3 7. 1
18.7

134
96
143
1 13

203.0
106.0
65. 2
30. 7

3, 620.0
1 , 6 9 0. 0
901. 0
204.0

(!)
( )
()
(M

56
53
86
53

8.4
11. 4
28. 7
20.5

111
89
144
86

1 8 1. 0
8 9. 1
45 . 4
28.9

3, 330.0
1,73 0 .0
395. 0
165 .0

(l )
(M
(M
(M

58
48
99
68

13.7
9.1
22.4
14.8

102
85
146
104

185.0
83. 1
30.4
26.1

3, 290.0
1, 120.0
274.0
206.0

(M
(M
(! )
H

1 9 3 1 -------------1 9 3 2 -------------1 9 3 3 -------------1 9 3 4 -------------1 9 3 5 --------------

67
72
237
15 1
184

50. 1
30. 1
175.0
180. 0
70. 0

105
119
297
27 7
317

91.2
89.0
252.0
250.0
142.0

7 01. 0
1,620.0
1, 780.0
2, 220.0
1, 300.0

(M
(!)
( )
( )
(l )

78
89
261
183
239

13.8
38.9
225.0
80.1
74. 3

125
134
348
297
377

94.3
103. 0
3 1 3. 0
163 .0
151.0

884.0
1,420 .0
2, 060.0
2, 190. 0
1, 190. 0

(x)
(*)
(*)

81
86
233
150
162

39.3
1 9. 6
290.0
42 4. 0
45 4. 0

118
131
347
259
3 11

62.8
63.4
382.0
480.0
5 1 4. 0

549.0
630.0
3, 590.0
4, 140.0
3, 030.0

(M
(M
(M
(M

1 9 3 6 -------------1 9 3 7 _______
1 93 8_______
1 9 3 9 _______
194 0_______

1 73
472
208
25 1
244

38.0
1 44. 0
50. 2
1 7 6. 0
63 . 1

324
830
387
389
390

125 .0
354.0
85.7
212 .0
83.0

1, 110. 0
3, 010.0
7 76. 0
1, 170.0
586.0

n
( )
()
()

228
449
262
275
231

68.8
143.0
48. 4
79.7
61.4

355
746
434
448
394

1 18 . 0
239.0
81.1
119.0
90. 2

911.0
2,27 0. 0
8 31 . 0
1, 100.0
706. 0

l 1)
(! )

234
361
222
197
253

66.0
89.0
96.4
36.8
65. 4

379
656
384
373
394

131.0
160.0
133. 0
104.0
108.0

1, 060.0
1,45 0.0
990.0
892.0
7 8 1 .0

(M

1 9 4 1 _______
1 9 4 2 _______
1 9 4 3 _______
1 9 4 4 _______
1 9 4 5 _______

439
388
369
469
523

14 3 .0
9 9 .7
121 .0
172.0
32 5. 0

635
47 1
408
538
611

226.0
1 1 4 .0
201 .0
208.0
413.0

1,330.0
417.0
695.0
652.0
1, 77 0.0

(!)
( )

2 1 2 .0
92 .2
106.0
198. 0
271.0

698
430
347
587
586

305.0
108.0
1 1 8. 0
239.0
354.0

1,83 0.0
449. 0
3 57 . 0
95 9. 0
1,710.0

i 1)

(i )
0 )

470
274
237
408
573

295.0
87.9
66.7
207. 0
5 26.0

687
349
267
480
730

358. 0
101 . 0
7 2. 0
235.0
611.0

1,950.0
387.0
210 .0
7 8 6. #'
4, 340.0

i 1)
(1)

( )

465
330
310
501
447

1 9 4 6_______
1 9 4 7 -------------19 4 8_______
1 9 4 9_______
1 9 5 0 _______

563
315
394
343
463

228.0
242. 0
21 8 .0
1 1 0. 0
224. 0

91 0
581
614
603
732

408.0
6 1 5. 0
307.0
249.0
389.0

3,970.0
3, 970.0
2,670.0
2, 350.0
2,750.0

0.42
.39
. 27
.26
.29

560
336
355
365
635

22 7. 0
113.0
143. 0
134.0
346.0

965
583
603
643
918

42 5 .0
259.0
232. 0
232. 0
441.0

3,900.0
2, 520. 0
2, 100.0
2, 140.0
2, 660.0

0.41
.26
.20
.20
. 24

499
219
299
287
521

356. 0
7 9. 2
15 8. 0
5 07.0
270. 0

853
435
553
536
820

499. 0
18 7. 0
267 .0
603.0
450. 0

4, 880.0
1,9 70.0
2, 540.0
6, 270. 0
3, 5 10. 0

0.56
.20
.25
.65
.36

1 9 5 1 _______
1 9 5 2 _______
1 9 5 3 _______
1 9 5 4 _______
1 9 5 5 --------------

450
433
534
370
464

284.0
166. 0
293.0
238. 0
6 37 .0

644
694
841
580
7 18

345.0
866.0
4 9 1 .0
376. 0
7 76. 0

1 , 88 0 .0
12, 700.0
3, 880 .0
3, 800.0
3, 320.0

.17
1. 23
.33
.38
.33

505
494
484
328
496

213.0
228.0
238. 0
143.0
236.0

727
786
763
525
740

31 4 .0
380.0
393.0
300.0
384.0

2,
2,
2,
3,
3,

640.0
8 10. 0
880.0
740. 0
060.0

.22
.28
.27
. 35
' .26

457
522
420
31 5
453

215.0
250.0
119.0
126 .0
234. 0

693
838
721
526
717

340.0
378.0
211.0
304.0
381. 0

2, 540.0
3, 390.0
1, 700.0
2,4 10 .0
2, 77 0. 0

.26
.33
.16
.23
.26

1 9 5 6 _______
1 9 5 7 _______
1 9 5 8_______
1 9 5 9 _______
19 6 0_______

37 7
415
399
420
319

591.0
129 .0
1 59. 0
668. 0
1 25 .0

570
603
596
681
530

669.0
228.0
238.0
7 87 .0
233.0

12, 500.0
2, 4 80 . 0
2, 160.0
9, 230.0
2, 140.0

1. 12
.22
. 19
. 78
.20

398
370
403
380
361

1 3 7. 0
136.0
162.0
161.0
134. 0

625
601
638
636
554

699.0
226. 0
288.0
757.0
2 2 1 .0

2, 960.0
1, 690.0
2, 160. 0
13,400.0
1, 700. 0

. 24
.1 5
.20
1.18
.13

336
335
47 1
322
27 1

15 6. 0
243. 0
324. 0
109.0
131.0

541
518
712
624
500

209.0
27 9. 0
414.0
7 8 1 .0
209.0

1, 630.0
1,730.0
2 , 40 0 .0
1 3 , 8 0 0. 0
1,650 .0

.16
.16
. 21
1. 21
.14

1 9 6 1 _______
1 9 6 2 .................
1 9 6 3 -------------1 9 6 4 _______
1 9 6 5 --------------

352
355
37 2
416
416

102.0
98.0
94.0
126. 0
15 6. 0

553
621
606
639
702

177.0
195 .0
183. 0
195. 0
334.0

1,460.0
2, 020.0
1, 810.0
1, 740.0
3, 670.0

.13
.17
.14
.12
.28

355
352
3 12
306
388

84.0
129 .0
67. 0
73. 0
109. 0

605
617
545
556
685

157.0
196.0
1 67 . 0
133. 0
229. 0

1, 320.0
1,940.0
1, 350. 0
1,200.0
2, 230.0

.09
.15
.11
.10
.1 7

31 5
297
287
336
345

3 1 4 .0
92.0
8 1. 0
34 7. 0
1 5 5 .0

573
541
500
574
631

37 2. 0
1 8 1. 0
15 5 .0
43 2. 0
250. 0

2, 580.0
1, 590.0
985. 0
2, 390.0
2, 110. 0

.22
.15
.09
. 19
.17

19 6 6_______
1 9 6 7 _______
19 6 8_______
1 9 6 9 -------------1 9 7 0 --------------

448
389
520
528
585

286.0
665.0
202.0
25 5 .0
24 2. 4

704
682
880
883
989

347.0
865.0
46 5 .1
461.5
4 6 7 .1

3, 100.0
4, 330.0
4, 6 1 1 . 9
4,311.0
5, 1 1 2 . 1

.23
.32
.30
. 27
.32

442
392
466
538
527

11 7.0
91.0
15 3. 8
191.2
127.3

718
689.
821
915
950

310. 0
233.0
359. 6
394. 8
340.7

3, 370. 0
2, 860.0
4, 048.9
3,63 4.3
3,851.8

.22
.18
.26
.24
.26

422
415
448
554
560

1 32 .0
3 73. 0
169.8
185 .6
591.1

676
681
738
904
97 1

226. 0
4 74 .0
349. 0
2 7 4 .5
7 85 .0

1,
6,
3,
2,
8,

.13
.45
.22
.15
. 57

S ee fo o tn o te a t e n d o f t a b le .




(M

(M

(!)

(')

n

(l )
(M

(M

(x)

n

780.0
160. 0
08 1. 1
1 93 .4
669.5

H

(M
(M

(M

(! )
(M
l1)

W o r k s to p p a g e s by m onth, 1 9 2 7 —7 0 -----Co n tin u ed
O cto ber

Period

Sto ppa ges beginning
in y e a r
Number

Workers
N umber
invo lved
(t ho us a nd s )

1 9 2 7 _______
19 2 8-------------1 9 2 9-------------19 3 0--------------

50
60
73
42

14.1
28. 3
1 9. 4
10. 2

94
94
124
81

184.0
104.0
28.0
26.0

1,520.0
726.0
307.0
346.0

1 9 3 1 -------------1 9 3 2 -------------1 9 3 3 -------------1 9 3 4-------------1 9 3 5 _______

68
50
145
187
190

35 . 4
11 .3
81.4
69. 4
48 .2

112
85
267
297
332

7 6. 7
21.7
296.0
104.0
134.0

1 , 040. 0
238.0
3, 510.0
909.0
1,560.0

19 3 6_______
1 9 3 7 -------------1 9 3 8_______
19 3 9_______
194 0--------------

192
320
256
205
267

101.0
67.2
52.7
1 07 . 0
72. 0

335
583
406
356
41 9

149.0
1 27 .0
113.0
140.0
108.0

1 , 0 50 .0
1, 180.0
842.0
1, 5 10 .0
91 5. 0

(j)
<)

1 9 4 1 _______
1 9 4 2 ................
1943 ----------19 4 4_______
1 9 4 5--------------

432
207
287
430
474

1 98 .0
61.6
12 1.0
22 2. 0
551.0

664
269
320
493
7 37

348.0
6 7. 2
264. 0
238. 0
852. 0

1,930.0
244.0
1,010.0
756. 0
8, 6 1 1 . 0

( ?)

1 9 4 6-------------1 9 4 7 -------------1 948-------------1 94 9_______
1 95 0_______

516
219
256
256
550

307 .0
64.3
110. 0
5 70. 0
197.0

848
393
468
4 75
801

4 67 .0
17 1.0
194.0
977.0
330.0

6, 220.0
1,780.0
2, 060.0
1 7 , 500.0
2, 590.0

1 9 5 1 -------------1 9 5 2 _______
1 9 5 3_______
1 9 5 4_______
1 9 5 5 _______

487
459
379
285
43 1

248.0
45 0. 0
175.0
1 64 .0
214.0

728
768
658
488
654

365. 0
584.0
240.0
259.0
292. 0

1 9 5 6................
1 9 5 7 _______
1 9 5 8_______
1 9 5 9 -------------1960_______

332
293
391
27 7
258

1 3 3. 0
95.4
46 3. 0
1 25 . 0
106. 0

524
471
637
548
432

1 9 6 1 - _____
19 6 2_______
1 9 6 3-------------19 6 4-------------196 5.................

324
261
346
346
321

22 6. 0
99 .0
96 .0
214.0
101.0

1 96 6_______
1 9 6 7 .................
19 6 8-------------1 96 9_______
1 9 7 0 _______

410
449
434
5 31
448

191.0
179.0
2 7 9 .0
3 37 . 0
23 1.1

1

28
37
60
36

7.2
40.5
12.7
4. 7

80
75
93
64

182. 0
9 2 .7
1 9. 5
22.4

1, 540.0
717 .0
260.0
269. 0

57
43
87
130
142

1 6. 0
4. 9
74.2
37. 9
38. 3

98
66
178
229
274

49.0
10.6
2 4 1 .0
94 .5
1 0 1. 0

420. 0
115.0
1,62 0. 0
969. 0
1, 000.0

136
262
207
178
207

70.1
68.9
4 3 .1
4 3 .2
6 2. 4

252
467
372
3 17
373

157.0
119.0
75.4
130. 0
102.0

1, 94 0. 0
982.0
5 58.0
1,66 0. 0
740. 0

0
( )

27 1
144
325
345
358

228.0
52.5
136 .0
20 1 .0
420.0

464
172
348
426
619

339.0
5 5. 4
5 37 . 0
229. 0
660.0

1, 400.0
1 28. 0
2,860.0
78 9. 0
6,940.0

0
( )

0.62
.17
. 21
1 . 87
. 24

344
178
21 6
197
329

4 3 5 .0
57.2
111.0
5 6. 6
200.0

67 7
328
388
388
605

7 07 .0
1 39 .0
189. 0
914.0
308.0

2, 790.0
5, 000.0
1,650.0
1 , 82 0 .0
2,470.0

.23
.45
.14
.18
. 23

305
269
281
220
242

84.0
98. 8
100.0
71.1
84.0

521
535
502
387
45 1

17 8. 0
15 9. 0
5 31 . 0
775.0
146.0

1, 180.0
1,410. 0
5 ,4 2 0. 0
14, 100.0
1 , 5 0 0 ,0

.09
.11
. 45
1.19
.13

242
184
305
161
192

1 58 .0
63.0
224. 0
4 1 .1
53. 3

568
506
574
584
570

2 75 .0
1 5 5 .0
15 3. 0
549.0
209.0

2 , 48 0. 0
1,350.0
1, 420.0
6, 590.0
1, 77 0.0

.19
.11
.11
.51
.13

257
230
223
238
289

651
7 27
7 41
850
881

255. 0
459.0
414.5
420.9
7 53. 9

2, 190.0
7 , 110. 0
3,991.7
3, 1 67 . 5
11,573.6

.16
. 47
. 25
.19
. 73

288
360
327
324
340

(J)
0
0
(*)
(J)
0
( J
(>
n

0
0
(x)

0
0
0

Not ava ila ble;

NOTE:

B e c a u s e of rounding,




December

November

M a n - d a y s P e r c e n t of S t op p ag e s b e g i n n i n g
A l l s t o p p a g e s in
P e r c e n t of
M an-days
i dl e duri ng e s t i m a t e d
in y e a r
ef fect during yea r
i d l e d u ri n g e s t i m a t e d
wo rking
y e a r (al l
y e a r (all
wo rking
Workers
W o rk e rs
W orkers
st opp ag es )
t i m e ( a ll
stoppages)
t i m e ( a ll
N um be r
N um be r
in volved
involve d
involved
(thousands) i n d u s t r i e s )
(t hou sa nd s) i n d u s t r i e s )
( thousa nds)
(thousands)
(t hou sa nd s)

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
e f f e c t d u ri n g y e a r

s u m s of i n d i v i d u a l i t e m s m a y not e q u a l t o ta ls .

M a n - d a y s P e r c e n t of
i d l e d ur ing e s t i m a t e d
w ork ing
y e a r (a ll
Workers
Workers
s t op p ag es )
t i m e ( al l
in volved
Number
involved
(thousands) i n d u s t r i e s )
(thousands)
(t hou sa nd s)

Stoppages beginning
in yea r
Number

A l l s t o p p a g e s in
e f f e c t d u ri n g y e a r

33
25
34
27

5.3
5. 5
3. 5
5.3

72
59
67
48

182. 0
5 5. 1
12.1
1 5. 4

1,5 70 .0
429. 0
15 6. 0
202.0

48
36
72
101
90

4. 6
3.9
3 7. 5
25. 0
1 4 .7

86
58
136
201
210

19. 2
6.2
69.4
7 3. 3
61. 8

163.0
47.7
49 5. 0
384.0
661. 0

n
( )
( )
( )
(*)

132
131
177
106
147

7 2. 6
21 . 9
37 .8
12 . 4
4 2 .6

258
333
310
222
27 7

185.0
60.5
62. 2
3 7. 1
61.6

2, 070.0
674.0
5 1 3. 0
384.0
458. 0

(;>

0
( *)

143
1 47
355
264
134

29.6
59. 3
263.0
91. 7
50.4

287
169
395
318
367

59.0
61.7
2 75 .0
117.0
504.0

4 76 .0
193.0
7 87 .0
387.0
7 , 7 20. 0

0
( )
(*•)

4,980 .0
829.0
1,910.0
6, 27 0. 0
2,050.0

0.56
.09
.20
. 70
.20

168
119
144
17 0
218

76.4
32.3
40.5
45.5
61. 1

402
236
283
323
423

500.0
56.9
9 3 .1
41 7.0
114.0

3, 130 .0
590.0
713. 0
1,35 0.0
912.0

0.34
.06
.07
.14
.09

191.0
215.0
175.0
129.0
20 1 .0

1, 61 0. 0
1, 560.0
1 ,5 7 0 .0
1, 31 0. 0
2, 630 .0

.15
.17
.15
.13
. 25

186
179
145
153
150

81.5
33. 6
7 6. 0
29.3
60.9

357
369
354
293
303

130.0
82. 3
1 73. 0
7 8.0
17 8 .0

1,020.0
854.0
1,880.0
486.0
2, 340.0

.10
.08
.1 7
.04
. 21

403
340
497
402
368

204.0
109. 0
296.0
65 2. 0
85.0

1,460 .0
7 65 . 0
2, 21 0 .0
4, 300.0
7 32 . 0

.12
.07
. 22
.39
. 07

114
108
136
112
110

29.0
31. 0
5 7. 8
23 . 1
27.5

240
220
35 7
285
250

53. 0
54.0
169.0
10 1. 0
5 3. 2

4 72 .0
404.0
2,430.0
1, 430.0
458. 0

.04
.03
. 21
.1 1
.0*

86.0
8 1. 0
80.0
141.0
140.0

501
442
467
469
505

160. 0
17 1. 0
1 52. 0
27 4. 0
192.0

1, 500.0
981.0
1,410.0
1, 73 0 .0
1, 380.0

.13
.08
.13
.1 4
.11

142
133
132
146
158

37. 0
45. 0
27 .0
42.0
24.0

366
331
336
346
37 1

86.0
146.0
82.0
149.0
76. 0

855.0
1,3 30 .0
977.0
1,060.0
907 .0

.07
.11
.09
.08
.07

126 .0
277.0
1 29 .9
131.0
83.6

533
653
617
611
695

234. 0
55 9. 0
306.1
3 6 7. 6
55 2. 0

2, 15 0. 0
3, 21 0 .0
2,43 0.5
4, 307 .6
7, 798 .0

.15
.22
.17
. 31
. 54

17 3
182
183
196
224

49.0
7 4. 0
64.1
50.8
455.5

389
445
408
446
529

158.0
210 .0
189. 2
27 6. 0
91 9 .9

1, 670.0
2, 550.0
1 ,692 .5
3, 8 81.8
3,18 8 .7

.12
.18
.11
. 24
.20

(J)
0
0
(M
(;>
0
0
()
(M
(\)

0

(1
)
cm

(J)
0
0

0
0
( )
(M
(!)
(

Appendix C.

Scope, Definition, and Methods

Work stoppage statistics

Old series

It is the purpose of this statistical series to report
all work stoppages in the United States that involve
six workers or more and last the equivalent of a full
day or shift or longer.
Definitions
S tr ik e o r lo c k o u t. A strike is defined as a tempo­
rary stoppage of work by a group of employees (not
necessarily members of a union) to express a grievance
or enforce a demand. A lockout is a temporary with­
holding or denial of employment during a labor dis­
pute to enforce terms of employment upon a group
of employees. Because of the complexity of most
labor-management disputes, the Bureau makes no at­
tempt to distinguish between strikes and lockouts in
its statistics; both types are included in the term
“work stoppage” and are used interchangeably.
W orkers a n d id le n e ss. The figures on the number
of “workers involved” and “man-days idle” include all
workers made idle for one shift or longer in estab­
lishments directly involved in a stoppage. They do
not account for secondary idleness— that is, the ef­
fects of a stoppage on other establishments or indus­
tries whose employees may be made idle as a result
of material or service shortages.
The total number of workers involved in strikes in
a given year may include double counting of individ­
ual workers if they were involved in more than one
stoppage during that year. (Thus, in 1949, 365,000
to 400,000 coal miners struck on three different oc­
casions; they accounted for 1.15 million of the year’s
total of 3.0 3 million workers.)
In some prolonged stoppages, the total man-days
of idleness are estimated if the number of workers idle
each day is not known. Significant changes in the
number of workers idle are secured from the parties
for use in computing man-days of idleness.
T h e r e la tiv e m ea su res. In computing the number of
workers involved in strikes as a percent of total em­
ployment and idleness as a percent of total working
time, the following employment figures have been
used:




59

From 1927 to 1950, all employed workers were in­
cluded in the base, except those in occupations and
professions in which little, if any, union organization
existed or in which stoppages rarely, if ever, occurred.
In most industries, all wage and salary workers were
included in total employment except those in execu­
tive, managerial, or high supervisory positions, or those
performing professional work the nature of which
made union organization or group action unlikely.
This measure of employment also excluded all selfemployed persons; domestic workers; workers on farms
employing fewer than six persons; all Federal and
State Government employees; and officials, both
elected and appointed, in local governments.
From 1951 to 1966, the Bureau’s estimates of
total employment in nonagricultural establishments,
exclusive of government, were used as a base. Mandays of idleness computed on the basis of nonagri­
cultural employment (exclusive of government) usually
differed by less than one-tenth of a percentage point
from that obtained by the former method, while the
percentage of workers idle (compared with total em­
ployment) differs by about 0.5 of a point. For ex­
ample, the percentage of workers idle during 1950
computed on the base used for the earlier years was
6.9, and the percent of man-days of idleness was 0.44,
compared with 6.3 and 0.40, respectively, computed
on the new base.

New series2
Beginning with 1967, two estimates of employment
have been used— one based on the wage and salary
workers in the civilian work force, and the other on
those in the private nonfarm sector. The new private
nonfarm series closely approximates the former BLS
1 More detailed information is available in BLS Handbook
o f Methods for Surveys and Studies, BLS Bulletin 1458 (1966),

ch. 2
19.

For further information, see “ ‘Total Economy’ Measure
of Strike Idleness,” Monthly Labor Review, October 1968,
p p . 5 4 -5 6 .

standard metropolitan areas was compiled. The counties
or other political districts include in each SMSA to which
the strike statistics apply are those established by the
Office of Management and Budget. Information is pub­
lished only for those areas in which at least five stoppages
were recorded during the year.
Some metropolitan areas include counties in more
than one State, and, hence, statistics for an area may oc­
casionally equal or exceed the total for the State in
which the major city is located. Stoppages in the mining
and logging industries are excluded from metropolitan
area data, but are reported by industry and State.
U n io n s in v o lv e d . For this purpose, the union is the
organization whose contract was involved or which has
taken active leadership in the stoppage. Disputes in-

The new “total economy” measure of strike idleness
now includes government and agricultural workers in its
employment count as well as in the computation of
idleness ratios. On the other hand, data for the private
nonfarm sector excludes agricultural and government
workers from employment totals, and these groups will
also be removed from strike figures in arriving at a per­
centage of working time lost. To facilitate comparisons
over time, the private nonfarm series has been re­
calculated for all years beginning with 1950, while the
figure for the total economy has been carried back to
1939. The differences resulting from the use of the new
methods are illustrated in table 1; the various components
of each series and the methods of computation are set
forth in the tabulation.

Private sector

Old series

Components and method

Total economy

Em ploym ent........................................... . .

Establishment series
plus wage and
salaried farm workers.

Establishment series
less government.

Establishment series
less government.

Working tim e......................................... . . .

Above employment times
working days.

Above employment times
working days.

Above employment
times working
days.

Total idleness
--------------------x 100
Above working
time

Total idleness
less farm
and government
-------------------------- x 100
Above working
time

Total idleness

Man-days of idleness as a percent
of estimated total
working t im e .................................. . . .

estim ated working time” is computed by multi­
plying the average employment for the year by the
number of days typically worked by most employed
workers during that year. In these computations, Satur­
days (when'customarily not worked), Sundays, and estab­
lished holidays as provided in most union contracts are
excluded. 3
D u ra tio n . Although only workdays are used in com­
puting total man-days of idleness, duration is expressed
in calendar days, including nonworkdays.
S ta te d a ta . Stoppages occurring in more than one
State are listed separately in each State affected. The
workers and man-days of idleness are allocated among
each of the affected States. 4 The procedures outlined
on the preceding page also have been used in preparing
estimates of idleness by State.
M e tr o p o lita n area d a ta . Information is tabulated
separately for the areas that currently comprise the list
of standard metropolitan statistical areas issued by the
Office of Management and Budget, formerly Bureau of
the Budget, in addition to a few communities historically
included in the strike series before the current list of




x 10
Above working
time

volving more than one union are classified as jurisdictional
or rival union disputes or as involving cooperating unions.
If unorganized workers strike, a separate classification
is used. However, the tabulations of “workers involved”
include all who are made idle for one shift or longer in
establishments directly involved in the dispute, including
members of other unions and nonunion workers. For
publication purposes, union information is presented by
major affiliation of the union, i.e., AFL-CIO, or nonaffili­
ation such as “independent,” “single firm,” or “no
union.”
Sources of information
O c c u rre n c e o f strik e s. Information on the actual or
probable existence of work stoppages is collected from

3 For example, the total economy figure for 1968 was com­
puted by multiplying the average employment for the year by
the number of working days (69,430,000 x 256= 17,774,080,000)
and dividing this figure into the total number of man-days lost
of 0.28. States and industries are in a similar manner.
4 The same procedure is followed in allocating data on stop­
pages occurring in more than one industry, industry group, or
metropolitan area.

60

To improve the completeness of the count of stop­
pages, the Bureau has constantly sought to develop new
sources of information on the probable existence of
stoppages. Over the years, these sources have probably
increased the number of strikes recorded, but have had
little effect on the number of workers or total idleness.

a number of sources. Clippings on labor disputes are
obtained from a comprehensive coverage of daily and
weekly newspapers throughout the country. Information
also is received regularly from the Federal Mediation and
Conciliation Service. Other sources of information in­
clude State boards of mediation and arbitration; research
divisions of State labor departments; local offices of
State employment security agencies, channeled through
the Manpower Administration of the U.S. Department
of Labor; and trade and union journals. Some employer
associations, companies, and unions also furnish the
Bureau with work stoppage information on a volun­
tary cooperative basis, either as stoppages occur or
periodically.
Respondents to questionnaire. A questionnaire is
mailed to each of the parties reported as involved in
work stoppages to obtain information on the number
of workers involved, duration, major issues, location,
method of settlement, and other pertinent information.
Limitations o f data. Although the Bureau seeks to
obtain complete coverage, i.e., a “census” of all strikes
involving six workers or more and lasting a full shift
or more, information is undoubtedly missing on some
strikes involving small numbers of workers. Presumably,
these missing strikes do not substantially affect the num­
ber of workers and man-days of idleness reported.




Beginning in mid-1950, local offices of State em­
ployment security agencies would report5 monthly on
work stoppages coming to their attention. It is esti­
mated that this additional source increased the number
of strikes reported in 1950 about 5 percent, and in
1951 and 1952, approximately 10 percent. Because most
of these stoppages were small, they increased the num­
ber of workers involved and man-days of idleness less
than 2 percent in 1950 and less than 3 percent in 1951
and 1952. In 1966, State employment security agencies
were the sole source of information for 17 percent of
the strikes recorded.
As new local agencies having knowledge of the exis­
tence of work stoppages are established or changes are
made in local collection methods, every effort is made
by the Bureau to establish cooperative arrangements.
5
Until 1969, the compilation of these reports was directed
by the Bureau of Employment Security.

61

A p p e n d ix D.
T re n d c y c le s of w o r k s to p p a g e s

N O T E : T h e s e t a b l e s w e r e c o m p ile d b y u s in g th e B u r e a u of L a b o r S t a ti s t i c s S e a s o n a l F a c t o r M e th o d .
of M e th o d s f o r S u r v e y s a n d S t u d ie s , B u lle tin 1711, (1 972).




62

F o r f u r t h e r in f o r m a tio n , s e e th e B L S H a n d b o o k

R e c e n t P u b lic a tio n s in In d u s tria l R e la tio n s
A n a ly s is o f W ork S to p p a g e s , 1 9 6 9

(BLS Bulletin 1687,1971), price 65 cents.

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W ork S to p p a g e s in C o n tr a c t C o n s tr u c tio n , 1 9 4 6 - 6 6

(BLS Report 346,1968), price 35 cents.
i

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(BLS Bulletin 1633,

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(BLS Report 374, 1970), free.

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D ir e c to r y o f N a tio n a l a n d I n te r n a tio n a l L a b o r U n ion s in th e U n ite d S ta te s

(BLS Bulletin 1596, 1968), price

60 cents.
M a jo r C o lle c tiv e B argain in g A g r e e m e n ts :
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