Full text of Agricultural Survey : Fourth Quarter 1999
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STATISTICAL RELEASE F E D E R A L R E S E R V E B A N K 0 F D A L L A S Agricultural Credn Conditions at Survey Banks in the Beventh District Quarterly Survey of Agricultural Credit Conditions in the Eleventh Federal Reserve District Demand for Loans Fifty-five percent of responding banks report no change in the demand for loans. Percent 100 80 Fourth Quarter 1999 60 40 20 The Fourth Quarter Survey of Agricultural Credit Conditions suggests some improvement since the third quarter survey. Most bankers (57 percent) reported they would like to increase the volume of loans available to farmers and ranchers, but an increased number of bankers reported a decline in demand for loans, Quarterly Survey of renewals or extensions compared with a year Agricultural Credit ago. Many link the reduced demand to drought Conditions is compiled from conditions that have discouraged farmers from planting and to government assistance that has a survey of Eleventh District helped farmers pay off existing loans. (See page agricultural bankers . This 4 for bankers' comments.) Here are additional details from the survey: publication is prepared by • Twenty-two percent of the bankers the Federal Reserve Bank reported a decline in requests for renewals or extensions compared with a year ago. This is up of Dallas and is available sharply from the 3 percent of bankers who w ithout charge by writing reported a decline in the fourth quarter of 1998. to the Research Department, Only 26 percent of bankers reported an increase in renewals or extensions in fourth quarter Federal Rese rve Bank of 1999, compared with 52 percent of bankers who Dallas, P.O. Box 655906, reported an increase in fourth quarter 1998. Dallas, TX 75265- 5906, or by telepho ning (214) 922-5254. It is available on the web at <www.dallasfed .org>. For questions regarding informatio n in the release, contact Steve Stout, (214) 922-5177. • Twenty-seven percent of reporting bankers said demand for loans was below that of a year earlier. In the Southern Low Plains, South Texas, New Mexico and Louisiana regions, over 40 percent reported reduced loan demand. • Agricultural land values and cash rents increased in most regions, with the strongest increases in areas such as Central and North Central Texas, South Texas and New Mexico. Bankers commented that values are being pushed up by demand for land for nonagricultural purposes, such as recreation or investment. 0 0 1:'93 01:'94 01:'95 Less 0 1:'96 • Same 01:'97 • 01 :'98 01 :'99 Greater Funds Available for Additional Lending Seventy-five percent of respondents report no change in the availability of funds for lending. Percent 100 80 60 40 20 01 :'94 01 :'95 Less 01 :'96 • Same 0 1:'97 • 01 :'98 01 :'99 Greater Rate of Loan Repayment The rate of loan repayment increases for 24 percent of third-quarter respondents. Percent 100 80 60 40 20 0 01:'93 0 1:'94 01:'95 Less 01:'96 • Same 01 :'97 • 01:'98 Greater 0 1:'99 STATISTICAL RELEASE Agricultural Credit Conditions at Survey Banks in the Eleventh District Renewals or Extensions of Loans Twenty-two percent of respondents report decreases in loan renewals or extensions. Percent 100 Loan-Deposit Ratios at Survey Banks 80 Average actual and desired ratios 60 Percent ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~- 40 II 11111 I I I 20 0 m~ m~ m~ Less m~ • m~ Same • m~ m~ Greater Amount of Collateral Seventy-five percent of respondents report no change in collateral requirements. II II Actual Ratio Desired Ratio 1998:4 II 11111 I I I 1999:1 II II I I I 1999:2 60 II -m I I I 1999:3 55 55 50 45 40 35 1999:4 Percent 100 DISTRIBUTION OF LOAN - DEPOSIT RATIOS 80 Banks Reporting (Percent) 60 Ratio Jan. 1 1999 Apr. 1 Jul. 1 2000 Oct. 1 Jan. 1 26 22 21 14 17 24 20 26 17 13 40 Less than 41% 41% to 50% 51% to 60% 61%to 70% More than 70% 20 26 16 27 20 11 28 19 25 12 16 25 31 19 11 13 0 m~ m~ m~ Less m~ • m~ Same • m~ m~ INTEREST RATE-FIXED Greater Total Agricultural Loans at Eleventh District Banks Agricultural lending rebounds in third quarter 1999. Millions of dollars (seasonally adjusted) 5,200 5.000 Average Rate (Percent) Ratio Feeder cattle Other farm operating Intermediate term Long-term farm real estate J an. 1 9.94 10.08 9.88 9.29 1999 Apr. 1 Jul. 1 9.91 9.99 9.75 9.18 9.99 9.98 9.82 9.28 2000 Oct. I Jan. I 10.16 10.19 10.10 9.50 10.39 10.46 10.13 9.59 4.800 INTEREST RATE-VARIABLE 4.600 Average Rate (Percent) 4.400 4,200 Ratio 4.000 "86 "87 '88 '89 '90 '91 '92 '93 '94 '95 '96 '97 '98 '99 Note: Starting in May 1998, data previously reported by NationsBank of Texas in the Eleventh District are reported by Bank of America in the Fifth District. Feeder cattle Other farm operating Intermediate term Long-term farm real estate J an. I 9.78 9.92 9.73 9.19 1999 Apr. I Jul. I 9.75 9.94 9.73 9.15 9.65 9.84 9.71 9.17 2000 Oct. 1 Jan. 1 10.06 10.17 10.01 9.47 10.20 10.30 10.08 9.63 STATISTICAL RELEASE CROPLAND-DRY LA ND ..... Real Eltat8 . . . January 1, 2000 Region 1 Number of banks reporting land values. Prices are dollars per acre, not adjusted for inflation. 3 Not adjusted for inflation. n.r.-Not reported due to insufficient responses. 2 NOTE: Regional land values based on a small and varying number of reporting banks should be used with caution. All figures are preliminary. Bevenlh Federal Reserve District 109 584 0.5 2.5 TEXAS 100 11 15 7 12 7 15 3 9 6 6 580 292 321 304 400 569 896 609 1,084 686 521 0.4 1.5 -0.5 - 2.0 1.1 1.4 5.5 -14.8 9.0 - 5.3 5.7 2.4 -5.4 -1.7 -1.2 7.5 3.5 9.5 4.7 -7.2 10.4 9 562 - 1.5 2.5 6 3 665 342 0.1 16.4 4.6 - 6.9 Northern High Plains Southern High Plains Northern Low Plains Southern Low Plains Cross Timbers North Central Texas East Texas Central Texas Coastal Texas South Texas Trans-Pecos and Edwards Plateau 1.1 CROPLAND-IRRIGATED 12 lll l: llCO Region 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Percent Changes' in Values from Previous Previous Quarter Year DISTRICT Northern Louisiana Southern New Mexico NEW Average Banks' Value' Fourth Quarter 1999 Northern High Plains Southern High Plains Northern Low Plains Southern Low Plains Cross Timbers North Central Texas East Texas 8 9 10 11 12 13 Central Texas Coastal Texas South Texas Trans-Pecos and Edwards Plateau Southern New Mexico Northern Louisiana Average Banks' Value' Fourth Quarter 1999 Percent Changes' in Values from Previous Previous Quarter Year DISTRICT 77 750 1.5 - 5.4 TEXAS Northern High Plains Southern High Plains Northern Low Plains Southern Low Plains Cross Timbers Nor th Central Texas East Texas Central Texas Coastal Texas South Texas Trans-Pecos and Edwards Plateau 66 10 14 6 8 3 n.r. n.r. 7 3 5 669 531 653 421 660 836 n.r. n. r. 1,644 709 803 0.5 -6.0 0.2 0.9 1.8 2.2 n.r. n.r - 1.5 n.r. 15.4 - 5.5 - 3.1 0.8 1.3 - 2.3 12.2 n.r. n.r. - 11.2 -26.3 14.9 7 921 6.9 - 30.6 Northern Louisiana Southern New Mexico 5 6 833 1,521 -1.6 8.1 0.8 - 6.3 RANCHLAND Region Eleventh District Real Land Values Average Value• Banks' Fourth Quarter 1999 Percent Changes' in Values from Previous Previous Quarter Year Land values recover in the fourth quarter of 1999. DISTRICT 116 421 10.0 3.5 1992 dollars per acre TEXAS 1,600 Northern High Plains Southern High Plains Northern Low Plains Southern Low Plains Cross Timbers North Central Texas East Texas Central Texas Coastal Texas South Texas Trans-Pecos and Edwards Plateau 104 11 12 7 11 7 17 6 10 5 6 488 173 138 175 243 490 788 758 1,234 510 540 7.7 2.7 -2.5 0.8 2.9 - 2.4 4.5 -5.6 13.9 -1.4 10.l 10.4 - 4.6 2.8 5.8 -9.0 6.9 1.5 17.8 15.2 -9.5 15.l 12 453 13.3 15.3 5 7 527 226 2.6 26.4 17.1 - 25.9 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 /" 600 400 200 0 -/ _, ', ' .... ___________ ,, Dryland .... J Ranch land -~~••w•••~•m•••m•• Northern Louisiana Southern New Mexico STATISTICAL RELEASE Fourth-Quarter Comments District bankers were asked for any additional comments concerning agricultural land values or credit conditions. These comments have been edited. Region 1-No rthern HJgh Plains Crop conditions are very dry. Low prices are making crop budgets very tight for next year. At last, Y2K is out of the way. All we have to be concerned with now is increased farm operating costs, low farm prices, mergers, government farm programs that are not working, crop insurance that is insufficient, biotechnology that no one knows how to handle (for good or bad), environmental issues, the World Trade Organization and those who now want to put storage back on the farm. Can we solve these issues in the 21st century? We sure didn't in the 20th. Regio n 2-Southern HJgh Plains Cotton and peanut production is less than projected. The grade and staple of cotton have hurt the loan price. The average price with loan deficiency payments is between 53 cents and 58 cents per pound. We expect carryover to be higher than normal and cash flow operations in 2000 to be more difficult than usual, based on expected prices. Hot, dry August and September weather apparently caused a substantial decrease in the peanut yield. Regio n 3-Northern Low Plains Disaster programs saved farmers . They didn't help ranchers, but it looks like current cattle prices will save them if we don't have any more severe dryness. Wheat is nonexistent. There is no submoisture at all. Real estate values are too high on grassland because the metro population is coming in and purchasing land for hunting. This will come back to haunt some people later. Region 4-Southern low Plains Our farmers and ranchers continue to be plagued by drought and cheap commodity prices. It appears we will collect insurance on wheat, cotton and milo in 2000. It is vital that the USDA restructure our crop insurance program, as well as develop a livestock insurance program. No one is looking for the ad hoc government handout; farmers and ranchers just want a fair price for their products because they paid a fair price for the inputs to their products. They would also like a safety net that protects them against uncontrollable circumstances, such as declining markets and adverse weather conditions. We are experiencing a severe drought with no relief in sight. Wheat grazing is below normal, causing stocker cattle loans to be down 50 percent to 75 percent from normal. Irrigated farmland is still good as long as our water holds. Being in the fourth year of a drought has greatly enhanced credit problems. Region S-Cross Timbers Conditions are very dry, there is no winter wheat grazing and half the stock tanks are dry! Region 6-North Central Texas 1~ None of our land is selling for agricultural purposes, and farm acreage is decreasing rapidly. Agricultural loan demand is down because farmers are losing land to developers. Land values are on a general increase in the entire Central Texas area, as more people are escaping from urban sprawl by going to the countryside. However, we continue to use basically the same values for land, based on production value. Cash rent isn't going up on crop- or ranchland. Our demand for loans is low right now compared with past Decembers for two reasons: first, the additional government assistance fa rmers received for 1999, which has helped them pay back their loans and kept them from needing to borrow more; and second, draughty fall and winter conditions, which have discouraged farmers from planting until they know we will get more rain. Our farm loans are in excellent condition. All operating loans paid out with loan deficiency payments, and disaster payments made good reductions on equipment and real estate loans. Without disaster payments we would have had 25 percent to 30 percent of borrowers with carryover. Farmers are in better shape in this area, due to a very good crop and government payments. All loans are current and paid as agreed. It is very dry. Most farmers are waiting to apply fertilizer and chemicals to see what the weather will be like closer to planting time. They have become very conservative in their spending habits [and will remain sol until prices for their products increase. Cattle prices are good, but most ranchers are feeding hay and protein daily to hang on until rain comes. Tanks are going dry, and water is becoming a problem. Some owners have sold down herds, trying to hang on as long as they can. Region 7-East Texas Milk prices haven't been this low since 1978. Prices fell under $10 per hundred pounds for November and December. The new federal price orders take effect January 1, 2000. Winter pastures need rain. Beef prices continue to climb. Commodity prices are still low, with no price rally in sight. Broiler chicks being placed in contract grower houses appear to be of good quality. Calf prices are holding well at this time. The lack of moisture has hurt winter pasture. Feed prices are moving up. Region 8-Central Texas Recent rainfall lends optimism to the coming year. Demand for recreational land is keeping land values strong. While there is talk of strengthening cattle prices, drought conditions will hinder many ranchers from pursuing profit. Without substantial rainfall soon , corn farmers may not be able to p lant. - Region 10-South Texas Ranchland values are being pushed up by recreational users (hunters) far beyond production value. Most farmland in this area is fair to good. Crop yields were average, but an August storm delayed and deteriorated the cotton crop. Farmers are increasingly reliant on disaster and flex payments. Commodity prices were low due to carryover from the previous year's strong crop. Cattle prices are up and down, depending on weather circumstances. The storm brought needed moisture to pastures, and late hay crops were harvested. Rain is now needed for this spring, as late winter has been very dry. Ranches are being bought by affluent individuals, some of whom are still interested in production but want expenses to write off other income. Real ranchers are often unpaid consultants. Region 11-Trans-Pecos and Edwards Plateau Drought conditions continue and many producers are selling out. All we need is some rain! Region 12-Southern New Mexico Conditions are very dry. There has been little winter moisture to date.