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AGRICULTURAL NEWS OF THE WEEK
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLAS

Number 851

Wednesday, April 20, 1966

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Some of the Agricultural News of the ~ readers have not yet
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returned the survey cards which were mailed with the April 6 issue
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of the publication. We would appreciate your returning these cards
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at your earliest convenience.
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IN
FOODS
OVER PESTICIDES
CONTROLS
The Federal Government has moved to strengthen the controls over tolerance
levels of pesticides in food. Tolerances will be fixed for safe, low levels of pesticides occurring inadvertently in some foods. The practice of allowing the use of
pesticides on a "no-residue" basis will be ended because it is not realistic. In
instances where a safe, low-level tolerance cannot be establish_ed, "zero-tolerances"
will be set as a basis for removing contaminated foods from the market. The new
approach in setting tolerances for residues of Federally-registered pesticides in
foods was announced jointly by Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare John W.
Gardner and Secretary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman.
CASE BEARER
I T ' S
TIME AGAIN!
Pecan growers are beginning to watch their orchards for signs of the pecan
nut casebearer. 'Ille casebearer is the major pecan pest in Texas, and severe infestations of the insect can destroy an entire pecan crop. Tom Denman, Researcher at
Texas A&M University's West Cross Timbers Experiment Station, near Stephenville,
has conducted research which shows that the banding system eliminates much of the
guesswork in timing the spraying schedule for controlling the casebearer. Mr. Denman
advises pecan growers to contact their local county agricultural agents for detailed
information on the banding system.
FAVORABLE
LIVESTOCK-FEED
PRICE
RATIOS
MORE
Livestock-feed price ratios were more favorable for the Nation's livestock
and poultry producers during the first half of the 1965-66 feeding year (which ends
September 30, 1966) than in the two previous years, points out the Economic Research
Service. The favorable ratios are largely the result of a marked increase in prices
of livestock and livestock products during the past year. During October 1965-March
1966, prices of meat animals averaged 33% higher than a year earlier; those for dairy
products were up 4%; and poultry and egg prices were 16% higher. During this same
period, feed grain prices averaged 3% lower, and prices paid by U.S. farmers for all
feed purchased were about unchanged from a year earlier. The sharp rise in hog prices
in the past year has resulted in a very favorable hog-corn price ratio. The hogcorn ratio (bushels of corn that can be purchased with 100 lbs. of live hog) averaged
23.2 during October-March, compared with 13.6 during the corresponding period a year
ago and the 1955-64 average of 14.5.

CE NTE RS
POISON-CONTROL
County agricultural agents in Texas have been supplied a revised list of
the poison-control centers located in the State. The list was furnished by the Texas
Department of Health. Poison-control centers are designed to provide both treatment
and public health information. Texas A&M University says that the services are available to local physicians who may not be familiar with the proper treatment and antidotes for specific pesticides or other poisonous materials. Entomologists of the
Texas Agricultural Extension Service emphasize the importance of keeping physicians
informed about which pesticides or other chemicals are being used in an area. The
time interval between the onset of poison symptoms and the initiation of treatment
is often critical, according to Texas A&M University.

BROILER CHICK
PLACEMENTS

Percent change from
Previous
Comparable
week
week! 1965

Area

Week ended
April 92 1966

Texas ••••••
Louisiana ••

3,374,ooo
716,000

-3

18

23 states ••

52z956zOOO

1

10

0

9