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Number 787

Wednesday, January 27, 1965

A total of 3.4 million farms likely will be operated in the United States
during 1965, acc ording to preliminary estimates of the Statistical Reporting Service . This number is 18% fewer than the 4.1 million in operation during 1959· Howeve r, land in farms has declined only 2% (from 1,183 million acres to 1,155 million
ac res), reflecting the slow encroachments of urban and suburban extensions, widening of highways, and other nonfarm uses. The size of U. S. farms has increased from
an average of 288 acres in 1959 to an estimated 341 acres for 1965.
In Texas, the number of farms continues a downward trend, with a corresponding increase in average size, as total land area in farms remains about unchanged at 154 million acres. During 1965, farms in operation are expected to total
202,000 in the State - 4% fewer than the 210,000 farms operated during 1964.
C 0 T T 0 N
At a recent meeting in Paris, France, world cotton producing and consuming
countries reached a major decision to consider initiation of an international cotton
promotion program by the producing countries, reports the Foreign Agricultural Service . The proposal was made that the United States and Latin American countries meet
next to discuss the plan further.
During the past decade, cotton's share of world fiber consumption declined
from 67% to 57%, with the result that world cotton stocks are close to a new postWorld War II high of 6 million bales. Government and industry leaders believe that,
with aggressive promotion and research, cotton may be able to regain some of the
markets lost to man-made fibers, according to the FAS.
Plans for an East Texas Research and Extension Center were announced recently by Dr. R. E. Patterson, Dean of the College of Agriculture at Texas A&M University. The new center will be located near Overton, Texas, on 1,220 acres of land
which are being leased to Texas A&M University by the Board of Trustees of the Bruce
McMillan Jr. Foundation of Overton. A grant of $300,000 from the Foundation will
pe rmit the establishment of the Center as a base of operations for the University's
re search and Extension programs in east Texas.


U. S. farm exports in 1964 totaled a record $6.2 billion, compared with
$5 .6 billion in the previous year. According to Secretary of Agriculture :F'reeman,
nearly all of the increased exports were sold for dollars. Record-high wheat and
flour shipments accounted for a large share of the rise in farm exports. Overall.
the United States exported about one-fourth more livestock products in 1964 than ~
year earlier.
In 1964, Japan was once again the best market for U. S. agricultural exports. India ranked second, but U. S. exports to that country were mainly under
Government-financed programs. The other major foreign purchasers of U. S. farm
pr oducts were Canada, West Germany, the Netherlands , and the United Kingdom.

L I VE S T 0 CK
Fort Worth cattle receipts declined during the week ended Thursday, January 21, wii'ile marketings of all other classes of livestock advanced, according to
the Agricultural Marketing Service. The cattle run totaled an estimated 4,200, reflecting decreases of 14% from the preceding week and 2% from the corresponding 1964
period. Demand for slaughter cattle was good, and trading generally was fairly active each day. Slaughter steers sold at prices which were mostly 25¢ to 75¢ per cwt.
higher than the previous Thursday's close. Average-Good and Choice 1,080- to 1,200lb. slaughter steers sold at $22.50 to $22.75 per cwt., and Utility and Commercial
cows brought $12.50 to $14.50. Demand for feeder steers was good, and prices were
mainly steady with the preceding Thursday's close. Mixed Good and Choice 475- to
675-lb. feeder yearling steers cleared at $19.50 to $20.20 per cwt.
The calf supply is placed at approximately 1,550, or 50 more than a week
ago and 200 above the year-earlier figure. Slaughter calf prices advanced 50¢ per
cwt. over the preceding week. Good grades of killing calves weighing up to 575 lbs.
were quoted at $17.50 to $19.50 per cwt., and quotations for mixed Good and Choice
300- to 450-lb. stocker steer calves ranged from $19.50 to $21.60 per cwt.
A total of 900 hogs was received at Fort Worth during the week ended
January 21, compared with--s2'5 in the preceding week and 875 in the corresponding
period last year. Thursday prices for barrows and gilts were steady to 25¢ per cwt.
higher than a week ago, with the bulk of the mixed lots of U. S. No. 1 through No. 3
Grades of 165- to 265-lb. butchers quoted at $16 to $16.75 per cwt.
Sheep and lamb marketings of an estimated 2,100 were up 40% over a week
earlier but were less than one-half of the year-earlier offerings. Demand for practically all classes exceeded available supplies, and trading was active each day.
Prices for slaughter lambs and ewes were mainly 50¢ per cwt. higher than a week
earlier. The majority of the run consisted of Good and Choice 75- to 105-lb.
wooled lambs, which sold at $18 to $21 per cwt.
For the~ ended Friday, January 22, the major Texas · commercial broiler
markets opened considerably stronger, as price increases were general throughout
the country, reports the Texas Department of Agriculture. Markets in both south
and east Texas became steady during the week and remained so through Friday. At
the week's close, the undertone was steady to firm. Closing prices per lb. were
15.5¢ in south Texas and 14¢ to 15.5¢ in east Texas. During the corresponding 1964
period, closing quotations in south Texas were 12¢ to 13.5¢ per lb., and those in
east Texas ranged from 11.5¢ to 14¢.
Texas commercial broiler markets were stronger on Monday, January 25.
Prices per lb. were: South Texas, 16¢, and east Texas, 14.5¢ to 16.2¢.


Percent change from
week, 1964


Week ended
January 16, 1965

Texas •.•..•
Louisiana •.




23 states ..