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Number 748

Wednesday, April 29, 196L~

F A R i'1 L A N D V A L U E S R E A C H R E C 0 R D LEVEL
~rketvalues of U. S. farm real estate continued to advance in 1963)
reaching an all-time high on November ]: 7 points out the Economic Research Service.
From July 1 t o November 1, the national index of average value per acre of farmland
rose 1% to 128 (1957-59 = 100). For the 12 months ended November l> farmland values
increased 6%. The estimated value of all farm real estate in the Nation at the beginning of November amounted to $1~- 9 billion 7 or $7.1 billion more than a year earlier. The average value per farm rose to $46,000, and the average value per acre
of $135 ·was $7 higher than on November 1, 1962. The ERS says that a general easing
in the mortgage money market during the past 18 months or so has had a noticeable
effect on the farm real estate market and motivated increased sales activity. Interest rates have remained relatively stable, while loan limits and appraised values
have increased.
Compared ·with July 1, 1963, farmland values in the Eleventh District states
at the beginning of November were up 1% in Arizona, 2% in New Mexico, and
in both and Oklahoma. In contrast) farmland values in Texas showed a 4% decline.
For the year ended November 1, 1963, farmland. values advanced 2% in Texas, 6% in
Arizona, 8% in both New Mexico and Oklahoma, and 13% in Louisiana.


CA T T L E 0 N
The number of cattle and calves on feed for slaughter market in the 28 principal feeding states on April 1, 1964, totaled 8.3 million head, or 1% more th'EUl a
year earlier, according to the-Statistical Reporting Service. The number reflected
a seasonal decline of 7% from January 1 to April 1 this year, compared with a 9% decrease for the corresponding 1963 period. Cattle feeders in the 28 states plan to
market L~. l million head during April, May, and June. If these intentions materialize, marketings will be up 6% from the same quarter last year.
In Texas, there were 349,000 cattle and calves being fed for slaughter
market as of April 1, 1964, which is 3% fewer than a year earlier and 27% below the
number on feed on January 1, 1964. Of the State's 200 large feedlots (those with a
capacity of 1,000 and over), only 83% had cattle on feed at the beginning of April.
Texas feedlot operators have reported intentions to market 240,000 cattle between
April 1 and June 30, 1964. This number would be 69% of the total number on feed at
the beginning of April and 5% less than the number marketed during the April-June
quarter last year.
0 N
I N S E C T I C I D E R E C 0 MME N D A T I 0 N S
A revised handbook is now available that brings up to date the U. S. Department of Agri culture's recommended uses for insecticides. The current edition
of Agriculture Handbook No. 120 is the first to include recommendations for the
control of insects that affect hous eholds and houseplants, according to the USDA.
The publication lists, in detail> safe and effective uses for insecticidal chemicals . It is issued for the use of entomologists, other research and extension
workers, and various agricultural groups and agencies.
Single copies of Insecticide Recommendations of the Entomology Research
Division for the Control of Insects Affecting Crops, Livestock and Households - 1964

(AH 120) may be obtained. for $1 from the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402.

Cattle and calf supplies ·were reduced at Fort Worth during the week ended
Thursday, April 23, while receipts of hogs and sheep showed gains> according to the
Agricultural Marketing Service. At an estimated 3,100, the cattle run compared with
3,400 in the previous week and 4,200 a year earlier. Trading on all classes was
generally slow, and Thursday quotations for slaughter steers were mostly steady with
the preceding week's close. Good and Choice 1,070- to 1,110-lb. slaughter steers
b:;_'ought $21 to $21. 50 per cwt., and Utility and Commercial cows sold at $13. 50 to
$15.50. Trading on feeder cattle was extremely slow, and closing prices were weak
to $1 per cwt. lower. Good 500- to 575-lb. feeder steers cleared at $17 to $20.50
per c1·1t.
Calf offerings of approximately 700 were 150 fewer than a week earlier
but 100 more than in the corresponding 1963 period. Slaughter calves sold at prices
which were weak to mostly 50¢ per cwt. lower than the previous week's close. Good
grades of killing calves weighing up to 575 lbs. brought $20.50 to $22 per cwt., and
250- to 450-lb. stocker steer calves sold at $18.50 to $23.50.
A total of 1,275 hogs was received at Fort Worth during the week ended
April 23, or 24°/o more than ~ek ago but 26% below a year earlier. Prices showed
very little net change from the preceding week. The majority of the U. S. No. 1
through No. 3 Grades of 200- to 275-lb. butchers cleared at $14 to $14.50 per cwt.
Sheep and lamb marketings totaled about 10,500 - the largest supply since
June 1963.----rn.-most cases, demand was fairly broad, and prices generally were fully
steady with the previous Thursday. The bulk of the 4-day supply of Good and Choice
slaughter spring lambs, which mostly averaged 73 to 99 lbs., sold at $22 to $23.50
per cwt.
Texas commercial broiler markets opened steady in south Texas but slightl
weaker in east Texas during the week ended Friday, April 24. Markets in south Texas
remained steady throughout the week, while those in east Texas showed some sign of
weakness on Wednesday; but at the close both areas were steady, although the undertone was unsettled. Closing prices were 13¢ to 14¢ per lb. in south Texas and 13¢
to 13.9¢ per lb. in east Texas. In the corresponding week a year ago, prices were
14.67¢ to 15.35¢ in south Texas and 14.4¢ to 15.1¢ in east Texas.
On Monday, April 27, both the south Texas and east Texas markets were
weaker. Prices in east Texas ranged from 12.5¢ to 13.7¢ per lb., and those in soutt
Texas ranged from 12.8¢ to 13.5¢ per lb.


Percent change from
week, 1963


Week ended
April 18, 1964

Texas ......
Louisiana ..




22 states ..