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AGRICULTURAL NEWS OF THE WEEK
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLAS

Number 738

Wednesday) February 19, 1964

DA I R Y S U P P 0 RT
P R I CE S
S E T
On February 10, i96L~, the U. S. Department of Agriculture announced national average support prices of $3.15 per cwt. for milk for manufacturing purposes and
58¢ per lb. for butterfat during the 1964-65 marketing year (which begins April 1,
1964). These prices reflect 75% of the parity prices for these two commodities.
The comparable prices for the 1963-64 marketing year - which were also at 75% of
parity - were $3.14 per cwt. for milk for manufacturing purposes and 58.1¢ per lb.
for butterfat.
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Fresh fruits and. vegetables led all other food groups in lbs. of food. consumed per capita in the United. States in 1963) reports the Economic Research Service.
Usage of processed fruits and vegetables (fresh equivalent) ran a close second and
gained in importance. Largely as a result of greater use of beef, the red meat group
exceeded per capita usage of each of the three higher calorie groups - cereals, potatoes) and sugar. Per capita usage of each of the remaining major groups - dairy
products (milk solids), eggs, poultry, and fats and oils - was relatively small.
L A R GE R CA R R Y - 0 VE R 0 F
P E S T I C I DE S
The national carry-over of pesticides as of September 30) 1963, totaled
9% above the year-earlier level, according to a preliminary USDA-report. Indica~
tions are that insecticide stocks held by basic chemical manufacturers largely
accounted for the gain. Fungicide inventories (including coppers and sulfur) were
about unchanged, while stocks of weed killers other than 2,4-D and 2,4,5-T were
down more than one-fifth.

B R 0 I L E R P R 0 D U C T I 0 N A T A L L - T I ME H I G H
Commercial broiler production in the 22 major broiler-producing states in
1963 totaled 1,962 million birds, or 4% above the 1962 figure and the largest number
on record for these states, according to preliminary Statistical Reporting Service
estimates. These 22 states produced about 93% of the Nation's broilers in 1963.
The average price received for broilers in 1963 was 14.4¢ per lb., liveweight, or
0.7¢ per lb. below the previous year. The gross income from broilers in the 22
states is estimated at $977.1 million, compared with ~~968.2 million in 1962. The
average liveweight per bird produced was 3.4 lbs. - unchanged from a year earlier.
The 1963 broiler output in Texas is placed at 129.8 million birds, or 3%
above the preceding year. Prices received by the State's growers averaged 14.4¢ per
lb., which is 0.7¢ per lb. lower than in 1962. Gross income from broiler production
amounted to $61.7 million in 1963, compared with $62.6 million in the previous year.
Among the 22 principal broiler-producing states, Texas ranked seventh in the number
of birds produced and eighth in gross income from broilers in 1963.
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P R0 DUCT I 0 N

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S L I GHT1 Y

The Foreign Agricultural Service estimates world wool production in 1963
at 5,780 million lbs., grease basis, or 1% above a year earlier and 7% larger than
thel"§5b-6o average. Output increased in South America, the USSR_, Asia, and. Oceania
in 1963 but declined in North America, Eastern and Western Europe, and Africa.

L I VE S T 0 CK
The Fort Worth cattle run during the week ended Thursday, February 13,
totaled an estimate~OO, reflecting gains of~ over the previous week ana:-17%
over the corresponding 1963 period, reports the Agricultural Marketing Service.
Trad.ing on slaughter steers was slow all week, and closing prices were mostly steady
to 50¢ per cwt. lower than a week earlier. Good and low-Choice 1,140- to 1,230-lb.
slaughter steers brought $20 to $20.75 per cwt., and Utility and a small volume of
Commercial cows cleared at $13.50 to $15. Compared with the previous Thursday's
close, feeder steers weighing over 500 lbs. sold at prices which were steady to $1
per cwt. lower, with Good 500- to 700-lb. animals quoted at $20 to $23.50 per cwt.
The calf supply of approximately 1,450 was nearly 2 1/2 times larger than
both a week ago and the year-earlier figure. Trading on slaughter calves was moderately active, and prices for animals weighing under 500 lbs. held mainly steady.
Good grades of killing calves weighing up to 575 lbs. brought $20.25 to $21.50 per
cwt., and 250- to 500-lb. stocker steer calves cleared at $21 to $26.
A total of 1,250 hogs was received at Fort Worth during the week ended
February 13, or 11% fewer than a week earlier but 4% more than a year ago. Trading
on barrows and gilts was moderately active on Monday but was rather slow thereafter.
Closing prices were steady to 50¢ per cwt. higher than on the preceding Thursday.
The bulk of the 4-day supply of U. S. No. 1 through No. 3 Grades of 195- to 255-lb.
butchers brought $15 to $15.50 per cwt.
The seasonally small sheep and. lamb receipts of about 4,200 were more than
double the preceding week's very limited offerings but were moderately below a year
ago. Slaughter lamb prices were fully steady to strong at the beginning of the
trading period and then held unchanged until Thursday, when the top quotation advanced. 50¢ per cwt. The majority of the Good and Choice 75- to 107-lb. shorn slaugb
ter lambs with No. 3 to fall-shorn pelts sold at $17.50 to $18 per cwt.
POULTRY
Commercial broiler markets opened. about steady in south Texas and slightly
stronger in east Texas in the week ended Friday, February 14, points out the State
Department of Agriculture. The market in south Texas remained steady throughout
the trading period, while that in east Texas gained additional strength on Wednesda,J
At Friday's close, markets in both areas were steady, although the undertone was
rather unsettled. Closing prices in south Texas were 13.5¢ to 14¢ per lb., and thof
in east Texas ranged from 13.2¢ to 14.4¢. For the corresponding 1963 period, the
closing quotation in south Texas was 16.1¢, and east Texas prices ranged from 15.3¢
to 15.8¢.
On Monday, February 17, commercial broiler markets were slightly stronger
in south Texas and about steadY:-in east Texas. Prices per lb. were: South Texas,
14¢ to 14.5¢; and east Texas, 13.3¢ to 14¢.

BROILER CHICK
PLACEMENTS

Percent increase over
Previous
Comparable
week
week, 1963

Area

Week ended
February 8, 1964

Texas ..... .
Louisiana ..

2,726,,000
573,000

2

9
13

22 states ..

38,993,000

4

4

2