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AG RI CULTURAL NEWS OF THE WEEK
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLAS

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Number 625

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Wednesday, December 20, 1951

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F 0 R
R E P 0 /R 'l', I \ 1 G
P 0 U L T R Y
D I 3 E A S E S
A voluntary state-Federal sy(~t~m ~ox\ reporting outbreaks of three costly
poultry diseases caused by Salmonella org isms is scheduled to begin in early 1902,
reports the u. s. Department of Agricult re. The aim of the new system is to uncover reservoirs of infection and to p .ovide stimates of losses from pullorum disease, fowl typhoid, and paratyphoid £ poultry
the three most serious Salmonella
diseases. The system will operate hrough state epartments of agriculture, the
Animal Disease Eradication Div~~ n of the USDA's
ricultural Research Service, and
the National Poultry (NPIP) a~Turkey (NTIP) Improve nt Plans (ARS-sponsored programs aimed at breed impro~ent and eradication of pou ry diseases).

N EW

S Y S T E M

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L~--·--W-R\ J?::A-!f- r -s--r -G N u P
1961, a total of ~i.on ~ had been signed up

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As of December 1,
on 696, 939 farms in the Uni-t;]~tLS-e-a!ls ~lvei:· t-..aJcreage "tln<ler the 1962 wheat stabilization program, reports
e USDA. ~though December 1 was he closing date for signing up winter wheat fa s under the program, reports were in mplete i~ many states;
the signup for sprir -planted wheat will be held later. The wi er wheat acreage
signed up through ecember 1 represents 34% of the program acres o the farms signed.
(Program acres re the _l962 wheat acreage allotment before the mandat y 10% divers ion or the hignesi:ac,i?e~-UQt in exc~of 10 ac~ on
e :carm during
1959-61, which is a spYcial pr~ for s~·-f-a.tms.)
the farms which have
been signed up, possible advance payment,s..._- under pro'\\'.i§..ions p_E?rmitting about onehalf of the paymenY6-t:-o-be--mape ~s--f".{11 dUn-ng._t._~ignup perlQ._d - total $123. 7
million.
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~n_}~ principal wheat-producing states of the Eleventh F~
District (_~zona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas), as of December 1,
3.1 miy..i'6n acres had been signed up for diversion under the 1962 wheat p
ram, or
36% Cl! the program acres on signed farms, The value of advance payments for he
signecC acreag6i' amounts to $30 .1 million.
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M A '[ l {·--E\ T I N

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Preliminary ret~rns show.. that ,.J.~~ ref~!~ndum held~ecember 12, u. s.
growers of upland coXt-Q..n...~ed r~ing qllo-Pa's fOr--th.e__lS62 er~ by a 96.9% favorable vote - the,){'ighest percentage in cotton marketing quota refer~dum history.
According to t4~USDA, early results indicate a total vote of 276,598, ' "Q_r the largest
total vote c_a-Sf in an upland cotton quota referendum since the one for the 1956 crop.
~ a---~~~ referendum,,,; prod)lC"&~ of e~tra-lonf staple cotton ~roved
quotas for the 1962 ciop by an 8&;6l_Ya'Vorabl~~~e~ in_c_e m0r-e---tb.an_JJ1e~ssary
two-thirds of the grdwe~~....v~g approved auotas on both types of cotton, marketin~
quot as wil 1 continue '-to be in e f feet
nex year 1 s crops ,

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T EXAS

WI N T E R

VEGE T ABL E

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ACR E AGE

L ARGE R

Plantings of vegetabtes-ror-~-trr~narve-s~ i:p Texas are estimated at 81,000
acres, or 3% above the acreage harvested a year earlier, reports the Statistical Reporting Service. Larger planti~gs of Beets, brocco1'/i, and carrots were partially
offset by reduced acreages of cabllage-;--eaY-Hflo~.../ and lettuce.

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IVES To c i?
Icy road conditions and he most severe/ cold wave of the current season
resulted in substantially curtailed llve~tock--ma-t'ketings at !2.!!. ~ durin8 the

week ~Thursday, December 14, according to the Agricultural Marketing Service.
The cattle ~ totaled an estimated l~,000 head, compared with 5,900 in the preceding week and 7,900 a year ago. Closing quotations were steady to $1 per cwt. highe r
than on the preceding Thursday, High-Standard and Good 750· to 1,130-lb. slaughter
steers sold at $23,50 to $25, and Utility and Commercial cows brought $15.50 to $18.
Price trends on stockers and feeders were mixed; Good and Choice grades sold at prices
which were steady to 50¢ lower, while quotes on Common and Medium grades were steady
to 50¢ higher, Good and Choice 500- to 700-lb, stocker steers cleared at $22,25 to
$26.50.
The calf supply is placed at 500, reflecting decreases of 58% from the pre•
ceding week and 69% from the year-earlier figure, Good killing calves sold at $23.50
to $25.25, and Good and Choice 270- to 500-lb. stocker steer calves were quoted at
$23 to $27.10.
At approximately 1,100, hog receipts were 400 fewer than in the previous
week and 500 below the corresponding period in 1960. Compared with the preceding
Thursday, quotations for barrows and gilts showed advances of 50¢ to $1. The majority of the U, s. No. 1 through No, 3 Grades of 195- to 265-lb. butchers cleared at
$17 to $17.50,
Sheep and lamb offerings totaled about 3,700, compared with 8,500 a week
earlier and 5,500 a year ago, The normally bullish influence of smaller receipts
was largely offset by weakness at northern markets; therefore, Fort Worth prices
were generally unchanged from the previous week, Most of the Good and Choice 70- t o
115-lb. wooled and shorn slaughter lambs with No. 1 and No. 2 pelts brought $15 to
$15.50,

P 0 UL T RY
The major Texas commercial broiler markets opened stronger in south Texas
and unsettled in~ Texas during the ~ ended Friday, December 15, According
to the State Department of Agriculture, the market in south Texas remained steady
throughout the trading period, while that in east Texas weakened slightly on Tuesday and then held about steady through the close. The limited supplies of broilers
in both areas were balanced for the slow seasonal demand. Closing prices per lb,
were: South Texas, 17¢; and east Texas, 15,9¢ to 16,5¢, During the corresponding
week in 1960, closing quotations were 16¢ in south Texas, and the weighted average
price in east Texas was 15,2¢.
On Monday, December 18, commercial broiler markets were slightly weaker
in south Te~as and unsettled in east Texas, Prices were 16,5¢ in south Texas and
15,2¢ to 16,5¢ in east Texas.

BROILER CHICK
PlACEMENTS

Percent change from
Previous
Comparable
week 2 196.Q
week

Area

Week ended
December 9 2 1961

Texas,,,,,.
Louisiana,.

1,905,000
395,000

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-1

-5
-7

22 states ••

32~162~000

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