View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

AGRICULTURAL NEWS OF THE WEEK
FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLAS

Number 589

\vednesday, April 12, 1961

N E W FARM
0 P E R A T I 0 N
C R E D I T
P L A N
On March 29, President Kennedy approved legislation to increase funds
available to farmers whose credit needs exceed $10.000. Under the new legislation,
the Farmers Home Administration is authorized to use up to 25% of the ~ ~­
pr iated each year for operating loan purposes to enable ~ farmers to receive
operating loans above the $10,000 level. Previously, only 10% of the funds could
be used in this manner. A $20,000 limit on the amount of indebtedness which a farmer can incur for operating credit at any one time is still in effect.
0 I L

CR 0 P S
F 0 R
D I VE R T E D F E E D G R A I N A C R E A G E
The U. S. Department of Agriculture recently announced that cooperators

in the 1961 feed grain program will be permitted to grow safflower, sunflower, ~­
ame, and castor beans on acreage diverted under the program. Producers who grow
these crops on acreage diverted from corn and grain sorghum will not be eligible
for the diversion payments under the program. However, they will be eligible for
price support on their 1961 corn, grain sorghum, and other feed grain production.
AND
VE GE T ABL E S
F R U I T S
0 N
B U Y I N G F RE S H
Tips £!! Selecting Fruits and Vegetables, USDA Marketing Bulletin No. 13,
is a~ publication to help homemakers in selecting fresh produce. The bulletin
contains such information as how to detect a sunburned potato, what varieties of
apples are considered best for eating fresh or for pie-baking, and how to select a
ripe watermelon. In addition, the publication discusses U. S. grades for fruits
and vegetables.
Single copies of Tips .£!! Selecting Fruits and Vegetables, Marketing Bulletin No. 13, are available from the Office of Information, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington 25, D. C.

T I P S

1 9 6 0
T UR KE Y
I N C 0 ME
H I G HE R
Gross income from turkeys (including home consumption) in the United
States in 1960 amounted to $377.2 million, or 9% above the 1959 figure, reports
the Agricultural Marketing Service. The number of turkeys raised totaled 84.8
million, which was slightly above the year-earlier level. The national average
price received for turkeys in 1960 was 25.4~ per lb. live weight - up 1.5¢ from
the preceding year.
The gross income of Texas turkey growers in 1960 totaled $17.6 million,
compared with $14 million a year earlier. The increase in income was due to both
a greater number of birds raised and higher average prices. The number of turkeys
produced in Texas in 1960 was 3.9 million, which is 15% larger than in the previous
year and is the largest number since 1957. Texas ranked seventh in the number of
turkeys raised in both 1959 and 1960. Turkey prices in the State averaged 23.9¢
per lb. live weight in 1960, or 1.1¢ above the average price received in the previous year.

L I VE S T 0 CK
During the week ended Thursday, April ~, Fort Worth marketings of cattle
and calves showed little change from the preceding week, according to the AMS. The

of about 6,100 compared with 6,200 a week earlier and 4,200 during the
corresponding period of 1960. Slaughter steers weighing 800 lbs. and over sold at
prices which were 25¢ to 75¢ per cwt. higher than in the latter part of the previous week; quotations on animals weighing under 800 lbs. were strong to 50¢ higher.
Good and Choice 915- to 1,065-lb. slaughter steers cleared at $26, and Utility and
Connnercial cows brought $15.50 to $17.50. Prices of stocker and feeder steers and
heifers were 50¢ to 75¢ lower than on the preceding Thursday, with Good 750- to
925-lb. feeder steers quoted at $21 to $23.
The calf supply is placed at 800, or about the same as a week ago but 38%
below the year-earlier level. Quotations on slaughter calves held mostly steady.
Good and low-Choice killing calves sold at $24.50 to $26, and Good and Choice 250to 500-lb. stocker steer calves brought $24.50 to $31.
Hog marketings totaled approximately 1,700, representing declines of 23%
from the preceding week and 43% from the corresponding period last year. Compared
with the preceding Thursday, prices of barrows and gilts were 25¢ to 50¢ higher,
and those for sows were steady to strong. Mixed U. S. No. l through No. 3 Grades
of 195- to 250-lb. butchers cleared at $17.25 to $17.75.
A total of 16,100 sheep and lambs was received at Fort Worth during the
week ended April 6, compared with 24,300 a week earlier and 22,500 a year ago.
Trading on slaughter lambs and yearlings was fairly active but was rather slow on
ewes and feeder offerings. Closing quotations were fully steady to strong except
on ewes, which were mostly $1 lower. Good and Choice 66- to 90-lb. slaughter spring
lambs sold mainly at $17 to $18.50.
cattle~

P 0 UL T R Y
The principal Texas commercial broiler markets opened weaker during the
week ended Friday, April
points out the State Department of Agriculture. South
Texas prices became steady on Wednesday and remained at this level through the
close of the trading period; east Texas quotations continued to decline during the
week. Movement in south Texas was light to moderate, and that in east Texas was
heavy at the opening and close of trading but was light during midweek. Closing
prices in south~ were 16¢ per lb., and the weighted average in east Texas was
14.7¢, During the corresponding period in 1960, closing quotations were: South
Texas, 18¢, and east Texas, 17.5¢.
On Monday, April 10, commercial broiler markets were weaker in south
Texas but slightly stronger in east Texas. Quotations in south Texas were 15~ to
15.5¢, mostly 15¢; and prices in east Texas were 14¢ to 15.3¢ (20% of the sales
in the latter area were at undetermined levels).
The Southwest Poultry Exchange offered 174,000 broilers on April 10. Of
this figure, 123,000 brought 14.8¢ to 15.3¢ (farm producers absorbed all rejected
birds), and 39,000 sold at 14¢ to 14.6¢ (buyers absorbed all rejects).

z,

BROILER CHICK
PLACEMENTS

Area

Week ended
April l, 1961

Texas ••••••
Louisiana ••

3,274,000
658,000

Percent increase over
Previous
Comparable
week
week, 1960
6
10

59
54

---