View original document

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.




Number 232




Wednesday, June 9, 1954

C 0 T T 0 N

Spot cotton prices were enerally steady during the past week.
15/16-inch staple at Dallas was qu ted at JJ.95¢ per pound on 1 onday, June 7,
S points below a week earlier and 20 points below a month ago. However, current
prices are about it¢ per pound above those prevailing in June 1953.
The May 15 parity price of cotton as reported by the USD was 3$.09¢ per
pound, unchanged from a month earlier but 99 points higher than 1ay 1953.
Cotton trading during the past week was rather slow although inquiries
from both domestic and export sources were fairly numerous.
ost farmers are
reported to be offering loan equities more freely, with prices paid for equities
ranging from about ~~2 to *p8 per bale. CCC loan repayments in the week ended l ay 28
were 107,SOO bales.
World consumption of cotton this season is expected to approximate 34.6
million bales, the largest o-r-record. At this level, world consumption would be
close to the prewar per capita rate and would exceed consumption last season by
1.1 million bales. Despite the high level of consumption, world carry-over of
upland cotton on August 1, 1954, is expected to be nearly 20 million ales, w"th
stocks in the United States accounting for about one-half of the total.
The first bale of the 1954 cotton crop was ginned in the Lower R"o Grande
Valley of Texas during the last week in May. However, active movement of the Va ley
crop is not expected before late June. The cottcn crop is in excellent condition
in south Texas and in most of the irrigated val. eys( ) fwest Texas, New I exico, and
Arizona. Elsewhere in the Cotton Belt, cool wea her and rain have retarded development of the crop and permitted some build-up of cotton insects.

Livestock prices during the past week were erratic but generally lower on
most grades and classes-.-On the Fort Worth livestock market Monday, June 7, the
following prices per cwt. prevailed: Goo to Choice fed steers sold from ~18.)0 to
23, most beef cows sold at . ·10 to $13, Good to Choice stocker steers w20 to 21,
Good and Choice slaughter calves ·i>l7 to 22, a few Choice stocker steer calves ~;i 21
to ~P23, Good and Choice spring lambs ., 21 to 23 spring feeder lambs 13 to ~16,
Choice butcher hogs $26 .~0.
Receipts of cattle and calves on onday of this week at Fort Worth and
other livestock markets were substantially lower than on the comparable date a year
ago. 'Ihe lower prices during the past week for most cattle and calves appear to
stem from an unsettled wholesale market, particularly in New York, and the psychological effect of the sharp break in cattle prices that occurred just a year ago. The
basic factors of demand, as indicated by consumer incomes and their willingness to
buy beef at current prices, appear to be unchan ed. Slaughter of beef and veal during
the first 4 months of 1954 has been about 15% higher than during the same months of
1953. Sharp declines in the number of hogs slaughtered resulted in a total production of red meats only slightly more than during the corresponding period in 1953.
An increasing proportion of cattle slaughter haL
een made up of cows and heifers.
Contracting of west Texas and ew Mexico calves for fall delivery is
becoming increasingly active at prices of 18.50 to 21 per cwt.

W 0 0 L

Buying of Texas wool has become more active during the past week or two.
Two cars of original bag, Good French Combing, 12-months wool were sold last week
at $1.80 per pound, clean basis . Some 8-months Texas wool was purchased at 70¢ to
72¢, grease basis, estimated to cost $1.65 to $1.75, delivered to Boston, clean
The Commodity Stabilization Service announced on June 2 that the CCC
acquired title to 36,413,223 pounds of shorn and pulled wool under the 1953 wool
price ~pport program.
Harvest of the 1954 crop of wheat, oats, and barley is active with yields
much better than had been anticipated. Scattered reports indicate that a substantial proportion of harvested grains is going into the CCC loan. Shortage of storage
facilities is necessitating the sale of some grain. Current market prices to the
farmer are well below prevailing loan rates.
On Monday, June ?, Texas broiler markets were generally steady with last
week's decline. Supplies were adequate on most weights, and prices were quoted at
23¢ per pound at the farm,in all areas.
For the week ended May 29, the USDA reported that placement of chicks on
Texas farms was 4% below the previous week and 13% below the corresponding week a
year ago.
The Index of Prices Received by Texas Farmers as of May 15 is repcrted by
the USDA at 272% of the 1910-14 average~. This is 2 points higher than mid-April
but 8 points below May 15, 1953. The increase over a month earlier resulted from
sharp increases in average prices for commercial vegetables and smaller increases
for cotton and other oil-bearing crops. Livestock and livestock products recorded
a small decline.
Carl H. Moore
Agricultural Economist