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Wednesday, April 7, 1954

Number 223
C 0 T T 0 N

Spot cotton prices continue to hold relatively steady. On Monday, April 5,
Middling 15/16-inch cotton on the 10 spot markets averaged 34.15¢ per pound, or
about the same as a month ago.
Prices quoted for loan equities last week ranged mostly from $1 to $5 per
bale, net to grower, according to the u. s. Department of Agriculture.
The parity price for upland cotton at mid-March was 34.97¢ per pound,
compared with 34.72¢ a month earlier and 34.10¢ a year ago. The average price
received by farmers for cotton at mid-March was 89% of parity.
Stocks of 1953-loan cotton continue to decrease slightly. In the week
ended March 26, loan repayments totaled 80,800 bales, while loan entries covered
29,800 bales. CCC stocks of 1953-loan cotton on March 26 totaled slightly more
than 6.2 million bales.
The USDA reported last week that ttfree" stocks of cotton, excluding
stocks at mills, on February 27 were about 4.6 million bales, mill stocks totaled
1.8 million bales, and CCC loan and pool stocks were slightly over 8.3 million
bales. A year earlier, "free" stocks were about 6.2 million bales, mills held
1.9 million bales, and CCC stocks were 2.1 million bales.
Marketing of spring lambs continued to rise seasonally at Fort Worth
last week, although the heavy spring movement appears to have started somewhat
earlier than usual. Sheep and lamb receipts for the week totaled 37,600 head,
up 13,000 from a year ago. Spring lambs sold mostly steady to strong, while
old-crop shorn fat lambs reached a new high for the yea~with a top of $23.25.
Cattle prices were steady to strong, with some spots 50¢ per hundred higher.
Butcher hogs closed 50¢ to 75¢ higher and on Tuesday reached a top of $27.75,
the highest price here since September 1948.
On Monday, April 5, Choice slaughter steers on the Fort Worth market
brought mostly $21 to $22.50, bulk Good $18.50 to $20.50, and Utility and Commercial
$13 to $17.50, according to a USDA report. Medium and Good stocker and feeder
steers and yearlings turned from $13 to $19. Good and Choice slaughter calves
brought $17 to $20, a few higher.
Choice 190- to 260-pound hogs sold in Fort Worth Monday at $27.50 and
$27.75, Choice 160 to 185 pounds cleared from $26 to $27.25.
Good and Choice spring lambs cashed from $26 to $27, with Utility and
Good springers $20 to $25.50..
-Cattle slaughtered in commercial slaughter plants in Texas in the first
2 months of 1954 totaled 249,000 head, up 42,000 from a year ago. Year-to-year
increases were reported also for Arizona, Louisiana, New Mexico, and Oklahoma.
Calf slaughter in Texas in the January-February period totaled 162,000 head, up
28,000 from a year ago. Again each of the other states of this District reported
The USDA said last week that no forecast has yet been made of feed grain
production this year, but, assuming 1948-52 average yeilds by states on the prospective acreages, feed grain production would be about 123 million tons, up 6
million from 1953. If such an increase should occur, it will be partly the result
of the planting of feed grains on land taken out of wheat and cotton production.

The Agricultural Marketing Service of the USDA reports that graded
12-months 64/?0s Texas wool, Good French Combing and staple length, sold in the
local market last week at $1.83 to $1.85 per pound, clean basis. Some 1953
Average to Good French Combing 12-months wool sold around Lampasas at 63!¢, to
the warehouse, and was estimated to cost from $1.66 to $1.71, delivered to Boston.
A large volume of mohair was purchased in Texas at 65¢ for Adult, $1 for
Kid mohair, and $1.55 for surplus Kid.
The average price received by u. s. farmers for wool at mid-March was
52.1¢ per pound, grease basis, which was 88% of the parity price. The average
price received by Texas farmers was 61¢, up 2¢ from a year ago.

Texas broiler markets were quiet last week, but prices remained about
steady. Broilers or fryers weighing 2! to 3 pounds sold mostly at 25¢.
Top grade commercial fryers sold in wholesale markets in Fort Worth
on Monday of this week at 24¢ to 26¢ per pound. Heavy hens weighing 4 pounds
and over brought 18¢ to 23¢, while lighter weights brought 15¢ to 18¢. Ungraded
eggs were mostly $8.50 to $9 per case.
~The USDA has released its annual summary of turkey production in the
U. S. last year and reports that 56.J million birds were produced, down 7% from
1952. Texas ranked fifth among the turkey-producing states, with a total output
of almost 3.4 million birds. Average price received for turkeys sold in 1953
was 33.6¢ per pound, the same as in 1952. Cash receipts from farm sale of
turkeys totaled $318 million, off 7% from the previous year.

MI S C E 1 1 A NE 0 U S
Price support program loans and inventories of the CCC as of February 28
amounted to almost $6.4 billion. During the first e months of the current fiscal
year, the Corporation sustained a net realized loss of $159 million in carrying out
this program.
The USDA has announced that CCC will purchase, du1ing April, approximately
$125 million worth of outstanding Certificates of Interest issued by the Federal
Reserve Bank of Chicago to evidence participation in the pool of CCC cotton price
support loans.
Price support for honey during the 1954 season, which began April 1, will
be at a national average of 10.2¢ per pound. Last year's production was supported
at 10.5¢.

w. M. Pritchett
Agricultural Economist