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AGRICULTURAL NEWS OF THE WEEK
FEDERAL RESERVE

BANK OF DALLAS

Number 160

Wednesday, January 21, 1953

L I VE S T0 CK
Cattle prices continued under pressure during the past week, with sharp
declines recorded for short-~ steers and yearlings. Cattle and calf receipts
at Fort Worth, as well as at the 12 major markets, were sharply higher than the
comparable week a year ago. The 9,600 head of cattle received during the first
4 days of last week at Fort Worth was nearly twice the number on that market a
year ago. The supply of short-fed steers in the ~ Worth ~ is much larger
than had been anticipated, indicating that more cattle were fed in this region than
had been generally believed.
Stockers and feeders held fairly steady to slightly higher. Supplies of
these cattle were rather limited and the demand relatively strong.
Slaughter lambs opened strong a week ago Monday but lost the advance later
in the week and closed the week slightly lower than the previous Friday.
Prices per cwt. on the Fort Worth market on Monday, January 19:. Good and
Choice steers and yearlings $18 to $22.50, off from $1 to $2 from the previous
Monday; Medium to Good stocker steers $16 to $22; stocker cows $13 to $16.50; Good
and Choice slaughter caIVe5119 to $23; Good and Choice st'OCker calves $23.50; Good
and Choice butcher hogs $19.50 to $20; Good and Choice slaughter lambs $21.50;
Common to Good feeder-lambs $14 to $19.25.
The number of cattle on feed in the U. S. on January 1, 1953, was 16
percent larger than a year ago and the largest number of record, according to the
BAE. The report also indicates that the proportion of light weight cattle on feed is
considerably higher than a year ago. In Texas, the number of cattle on feed is
estimated to be 4 percent higher than a year-i'go and just under the record number of
194,000 head on feed in 1943.
The number of sheep ~ lambs ~ feed in the U. s. on January 1 of this year
was 7 percent smaller than a year aeo. In Texas, the number was estimated at only
47,000 head, a decline of 40 percent from a year ago. The sharp decline is attributed
in part at least to the absence of wheat pastures in northwestern counties.
C 0 T T 0 N

Cotton prices strengthened last week, with advances ranging to $1.25 per bale.
Inquiries from mills were more numerous and trading more active than during the
past several weeks. Offerings of cotton by farmers decreased in volume despite the
strengthening of prices. Middling 15/16-inch staple was quoted on the Dallas market
on Monday, January 19 at )2.10 cents per pound, compared with 31.20 cents a week
earlier.
CCC loan entries for the week ended January 9 totaled 176,400 bales, the
largest weekly volume of the season. Totalloans outstanding now cover 1,216,500
bales, compared with 515,900 bales on the comparable date a year ago.
Sales to mills increased last week but mill buying was confined mostly to
cover nearby shipments. Sales for e:xport continued relatively small in volume.
This season's supply of long-staple (1-1/8 inch and longer) upland cotton
in the U. S. is approximately 490,000, compared to th~ 640,000 bales last season.
Demand for the longer staples has not been active this season but premiums for these
lengths have ranged from 150 to 200 points wider than those prevailing a year ago.

This season's crop of American-Egyptian cotton is estimated at 87 1 000
46,000 last season. Demand for this cotton has been
quiet this season and only a small volume has moved into conunercial channels.
Accumulated stocks are 45 percent larger than a year ago. As a result, the 1953
production goal announced by the USDA is 65 percent below last year's crop. ---Growers in the Lower ~ Grande Valley are expected to begin planting of·
thl.s year's cotton crop on Tuesday of this week - the earliest date permitted under
pink bollworm control regulations.
running bales, compared with

WOOL

AND

MOHAIR

A strong aemand for fine wools continued to be an important aspect of the

wool market last week. Prices ruled steady-to-strong. Early reports of the reopening
of auctions in Australia indicated very firm prices.
Original bag average to good French combing 12-months wool sold in Texas
from 62-1/2 to 70 cents per pound, grease basis. This was estimated to cost from
$1.70 to $1.75 per pound, clean basis, delivered to Boston.
Mohair trading was very slow in the Boston market but some contractiti! was
reported in Texas at 91-1/2 cents per pound for adult and $1.16-1/2 for kid mo~r,
delivered to the warehouse.
GRAINS
Grain prices advanced moderately on Monday of this week, as markets showed
more strength than in several weeks. A continuation of ~ weather in many of the
major wheat producing areas, plus the fact that farmers are reported to be placing
substantial quantities of wheat in the Government loan, were given as strengthening
factors in the wheat market. An exception to this-:tz:end in the market was a furtner
decline in the price of fjain sorihu.ms. During the past month the price has declined
rather steadily from $3.
to $3. 8 per cwt. The unusually large corn crop in the
Nation probably has been an important factor in the decline of graiil'Sorghum prices.
Closin! prices per bushel on the Fort Worth Grain and Cotton Exchange on
Monday, January9: Wheat, No. 1 hard $2.67-1/2; oats, No. 2 white $1.09-3/4; corn,
No. 2 yellow $1.88-1/4; and grain sorghums, No. 2 yellow $3.18 per cwt.
-

POULTRY
Texas broiler prices continued to show considerable weakness, with prices
on January 12 generally 1 cent lower than the previous Friday. An increased supply
of birds, with only a fair demand, has dropped prices from 2 to 4 cents in recent
weeks.
Closing prices on Friday, January 16: south Texas 24 to 27 cents per pound;
east Texas 26 cents;- and Waco-Corsicana area 26 to 27 cents (no market report issued
Ori'Monday, January 19, le-gar-holiday).
The tone of broiler markets throughout the Nation is on the weak side and
price trends in-Texas have been about in line with National markets. In view of the
fact that placement of broiler chicks was relatively heavy in earl~ November, marketings are expected to continue fairly heavy during the nex~ few wee s.
During the week ended January 10, l,22u,OOO chicks were placed ~ Texas
farms, a decline of 5 percent from a week ago and 18 percent below the corresponding
~a year earlier.
Carl H. Moore
Agricultural Economist

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