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3/19/2020

Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory
Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets
Association January 30
January 31, 2018

The Committee convened in a closed session at the Hay-Adams Hotel at 9:30 a.m. All members
were present. Counselor to the Secretary Craig Phillips, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Capital
Markets Clay Berry, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Federal Finance Laura Lipscomb, and Director
of the O ice of Debt Management Fred Pietrangeli welcomed the Committee, including the
newest member to the Committee, Zachary Harl. Other members of Treasury sta present were
Ayeh Bandeh-Ahmadi, Chris Cameron, Dave Chung, Barry Firebaugh, Tom Katzenbach, Amyn
Moolji, Ken Phelan, Renee Tang, and Brandon Taylor. Federal Reserve Bank of New York sta
members Joshua Frost, Nick Steele, and Nathaniel Wuer el were also present.
Counselor Phillips opened the meeting with an overview of upcoming outreach e orts to gather
views on potential public transparency of Treasury securities market transactions data. Since
July 2017, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) has been collecting Treasury
securities market transactions data through its Trade Reporting and Compliance Engine
(TRACE), and providing the data to the o icial sector only. Referencing Secretary Mnuchin’s
remarks at the Third Annual Conference on the Evolving Structure of the U.S. Treasury Market,
Phillips reiterated that Treasury’s first principle is to “do no harm” to market functioning and
liquidity while supporting market transparency. In addition to the broad outreach, Phillips
remarked that it may be prudent to charge the Committee with analyzing this topic at a
subsequent meeting.
Next, Director Pietrangeli provided an overview of the fiscal situation. Pietrangeli noted that for
Q1 FY 2018, tax receipts totaled $770 billion, representing an increase of four percent year-overyear, while outlays totaled $994 billion, an increase of five percent. Withheld taxes were up eight
percent due to higher economic growth and increases in employment and wages, whereas
corporate taxes were lower by 11 percent, which was potentially due to anticipation of tax
reform legislation. The Department of Homeland Security saw a sizable increase of 78 percent
(or $10 billion) due to payments related to disaster relief. The Department of Defense and the
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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

Department of the Treasury each had increases of $9 billion and the Social Security
Administration had an increase of $8 billion.
In addition, net issuance of State and Local Government Securities (SLGS) was approximately
$11 billion in the past quarter. The uptick in issuance is attributed to state and local
governments anticipating a closing of the window at the end of the debt limit suspension period
on December 8th. In addition, some state and local governments may have accelerated
advanced refunding deals before the repeal of the tax exemption for advanced refunds
contained in the Tax Cut and Jobs Act. This would have resulted in an increase in SLGS issuance
given that SLGS are commonly used by investors in defeasance portfolios.
Pietrangeli noted that net privately-held marketable borrowing amounts were just announced
as $441 billion for the current quarter and $176 billion for the upcoming quarter. In addition,
cash balance targets were announced as $210 billion for the end of the current quarter and $360
billion for the end of the upcoming quarter. Regarding the outlook for deficits and net
marketable borrowing, Pietrangeli highlighted that more recent primary dealer estimates
(surveyed in late January) are substantially higher than both their previous forecasts and
estimates from o icial sources such as OMB and CBO, which are not expected to be released
until sometime in February. Pietrangeli reiterated that the wide range of estimates for both
deficits and marketable borrowing needs found in the primary dealers estimates are reflective
of current fiscal uncertainty.
Regarding funding needs, Pietrangeli discussed the di erence between primary dealers’
projected net borrowing and the net borrowing assuming that Treasury does not change current
issuance. In FY 2018, the remaining “funding gap” is projected to be $372 billion, which includes
the expected $175 billion reduction in Treasury holdings in the Federal Reserve’s System Open
Market Account (SOMA). In FY 2019, the funding gap is projected to be $882 billion, of which
$287 billion is attributed to SOMA reductions.
Next, Deputy Assistant Secretary Lipscomb began a discussion of potential issuance strategies
to meet the need for additional financing, as exhibited in the increase in primary dealer
estimates from the most recent dealer agenda responses. As discussed at the November 2017
TBAC meeting, the Committee agreed that in addition to changes in bill issuance sizes, coupon
increases should be announced in the February 2018 refunding statement, with an emphasis on
shorter-dated tenors. However, issuance at the long-end should also be adjusted, just to a lesser
extent, resulting in an overall weighted-average maturity (WAM) around the current level.

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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

One Committee member noted that some market participants were trying to “reverse engineer”
Treasury’s future issuance based on the November 2017 Quarterly Refunding policy statement
which stated that
“Based on current fiscal forecasts and internal Treasury modeling, it is anticipated that
these changes will likely result in a stabilization of the weighted average maturity (WAM)
of debt outstanding at or around the current levels, with the caveat that unexpected large
changes in borrowing needs could have an unforeseen impact on future issuance and
ultimately the level of WAM. “
Committee members were reminded that WAM was an outcome of Treasury issuance decisions
and not a goal in and of itself.
When asked about views on increasing issuance sizes, the Committee generally agreed that an
increase in nominal sizes across all tenors is warranted, with an emphasis on the short-end, as
defined by the Committee as including the 2- to 5-year nominal tenors. Increases in Floating
Rate Notes (FRNs) were also deemed to be appropriate. The Committee noted that a focus on
increases at the short-end would be consistent with past recommendations and would stabilize
the WAM around current levels.
Deputy Assistant Secretary Berry noted that Treasury intended to announce increases in coupon
sizes but that flexibility would need to be maintained over the coming months and quarters,
particularly given that current o icial budget estimates had yet to be released.
Referencing the results of the most recent primary dealer agenda, Lipscomb also noted the
positive reception from primary dealers to the potential for a 2-month bill and the possibility of
an additional settlement date for bills. The Committee recommended further study of these
issues for the next quarterly refunding in May.
Finally, Lipscomb remarked that Treasury is developing an upgrade to the existing Treasury
Automated Auction Processing System (TAAPS). The new system will provide the same core
functionality while taking advantage of technological improvements that have occurred since
the current TAAPS was implemented in 2008. The new system will allow for enhanced
operational support, improved flexibility for future system development, and strengthened
system security. The new system is projected to be operational by 2020.
Next, the Committee turned to the charge on the Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS)
program. The presenting member reviewed performance of the TIPS program since inception
more than twenty years ago, noting that overall the program had proved successful and that no
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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

major structural changes were deemed necessary at this time. Ex-post, TIPS have saved the
Treasury an estimated $47 billion relative to an equivalent issuance of nominal securities due to
lower than expected inflation so far over the life of the program. When incorporating an
estimate for all future cash flows of currently issued TIPS using zero-coupon inflation swaps for
inflation expectations, the cost savings estimate increases to $58 billion, and is consistent with
the analysis presented by the Treasury at the November meeting regarding the relative cost of
the TIPS program.
Looking forward, a comparison of TIPS breakeven rates and survey-based inflation expectations
suggests the cost savings of the TIPS program may be diminished over the near-term. However,
the ex-ante cost disadvantage of issuing TIPS will likely fade over time along with cyclical factors
influencing inflation risk premium and expectations rather than potentially more permanent
structural factors influencing liquidity premium. Over the long-term, the fluctuation in factors
that a ect the relative cost of issuing TIPS versus nominals should make Treasury relatively
indi erent regarding which product to issue.
Regarding demand, the presenting member discussed the potential for strong future demand
from continued growth in foreign ownership as well as domestic target-date funds and 401(k)
plans. Inclusion of TIPS in an aggregate bond index or a more robust inflation derivatives market
would also support increased demand.
The presenting member concluded that TIPS issuance should remain at roughly seven percent
of gross issuance, which would allow for up to $26 billion in additional issuance over the next
year or so. An additional 5-year tenor should be considered for addressing this new issuance,
based on evidence of solid demand and liquidity in that sector as well as investor demand for a
new 5-year TIPS issue later in the calendar year. The Committee agreed that further study of the
TIPS program by Treasury was warranted in terms of new issuance needs and that potential
increases in issuance should be revisited at future meetings.
The Committee adjourned at 12:30 p.m. for lunch.
The Committee reconvened at the Department of the Treasury at 5:00 p.m. All Committee
members, with the exception of Michael Lillard, were present. The Chair presented the
Committee report to Secretary Mnuchin.
A brief discussion followed the Chair’s presentation, but did not raise significant questions
regarding the report’s content.

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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

The Committee then reviewed a potential financing schedule for the remainder of the January
through March quarter and the April through June quarter (see attached).

The meeting adjourned at 5:30 p.m.

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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

_____________________________

Laura Lipscomb
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Federal Finance
United States Department of the Treasury
January 30, 2018

Certified by:

_________________________________

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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

Jason Cummins, Chairman
Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee
Of The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association
January 30, 2018

_________________________________

Stuart Spodek, Vice Chairman
Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee
Of The Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association
January 30, 2018

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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee Quarterly
Meeting
Committee Charge – January 31, 2018
Fiscal Outlook
Taking into consideration Treasury’s short, intermediate, and long-term financing requirements,
as well as uncertainties about the economy and revenue outlook for the next few quarters, what
changes to Treasury’s coupon auctions do you recommend at this time, if any?
Assessment of TIPS Programs
Treasury has issued Treasury Inflation Protected Securities (TIPS) since 1997 and currently there
are $1.3 trillion TIPS outstanding, representing about 9 percent of Treasury marketable debt
outstanding. We would like the Committee to assess the TIPS issuance programs based on
Treasury’s regular and predictable issuance framework, liquidity, cost, investor-base
diversification, borrowing needs, and risk. Please provide perspectives on the costs and
benefits of any adjustments to the TIPS program in light of these considerations.
Financing this Quarter
We would like the Committee’s advice on the following:
The composition of Treasury notes and bonds to refund approximately $46.6 billion of
privately-held notes maturing on February 15, 2018.
The composition of Treasury marketable financing for the remainder of the January-March
2018 quarter, including cash management bills.
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Minutes of the Meeting of the Treasury Borrowing Advisory Committee of the Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association Janu…

The composition of Treasury marketable financing for the April-June 2018 quarter,
including cash management bills.

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