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"  —  *  L l.l  occupational  Compensation Survey U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics April 1994 Bulletin 2439-2   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Part II: Pay Comparisons, 1992 Part III: Locality Pay, 1992 S.M.S.U. LIBRARY m \ 9 m  U.S. DEPOSITORY  Preface This bulletin summarizes pay data from the 1992 Occupational Compensation Surveys of local labor markets conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. In addition to this summary bulletin, the Bureau publishes a  This publication consists of the final two parts of a three-part bulletin. Part II: Pay Comparisons, 1992 consists of relative pay levels which compare  bulletin for most individual areas surveyed. The primary objective of these surveys, conducted as part of the Bureau's Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP), is to describe the level  in Part I: Pay in the United States and Regions, June 1992). Part III: Locality Pay, 1992 presents occupational pay averages for areas surveyed by  and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within  Along with Part /, this report was developed in the Bureau's Office of Compensation and Working Conditions under the direction of George L.  localities. Although this publication does not include benefits data, area bulletins (listed in appendix III-A, pages 122-124) present this information  broad occupational groups in each area to 1992 national estimates (published  the Bureau in 1992.  Stelluto, Associate Commissioner. Bruce J. Bergman, Gayle C. Griffith, and Elsie M. Simpkins, of the Division of Occupational Pay Program prepared this bulletin. Carl B. Barsky, Richard W. Maylott, and J. Jon Virgin of the Directorate of Survey Processing produced the tabulations.  when available. OCSP develops data that are used for a variety of purposes including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and plant site determination. In addition, the U.S. Department of Labor uses this program's data in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. OCSP data also help determine local pay adjustments under the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. To meet the Act's requirements, the Bureau's White-Collar Pay and Area Wage Survey programs merged into  been possible. The Bureau thanks all survey respondents for their cooperation. For further information on this program, please call (202) 606­ 6220.  the OCSP. The merger resulted in: (1) the expansion of the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to include State and local  credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone:  governments; and (2) the addition of more survey occupations.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Offioe, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the Publication Sales Center, Bureau of Labor Statistics, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-2145   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Field economists from the Bureau's eight regional offices, under the direction of the Assistant Regional Commissioners for Operations, collected the survey data. Without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay data, this report would not have  Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate  (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  Occupational Compensation Survey U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary  Part II: Pay Comparisons, 1992 Part III: Locality Pay, 1992 §rn3-  Contents Page  Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner  Part II: Pay Comparisons, 1992 Introduction.............................................................................................................  Part III: Locality Pay, 1992 2  April 1994 Tables:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Introduction...............................................................................  33  Tables:  Bulletin 2439-2  Average pay In all Industries, selected areas:  Pay relatives for occupational groups, selected areas: A-1.  Page  All Industries............................................................................................  3  A-2.  Private Industry.......................................................................................  A-3.  State and local government.................................................................. 11  6  Pay relatives for occupational groups, selected metropolitan areas:  B-1.  Professional and administrative occupations......................................  B-2.  Technical and protective service occupations.................................... 46  34  B-3.  Clerical occupations.............................................................................  50  B-4.  Maintenance and toolroom occupations............................................  54  B-5.  Material movement and custodial occupations...................................  58  A-4.  All industries..............................................................................................14  A-5.  Private industry.........................  17  B-6.  Professional and administrative occupations.......................................  62  A-6.  State and local government................................................................... 21  B-7.  Technical occupations............................................................................  77  B-8.  Clerical occupations................................................................................ 82  B-9.  Maintenance and toolroom occupations..............................................  88  B-10  Material movement and custodial occupations..................................  93  Appendixes: ll-A.  Method of pay relative computation...................................................... 24  ll-B.  OCSP area definitions........................................................................... 27  Average pay In private Industry, selected areas:  Average pay In State and local governments, selected areas: B-11.  Professional and administrative occupations.....................................  98  B-12.  Technical and protective service occupations..................................... 104  B-13.  Clerical occupations.............................................................................. 108  B-14.  Maintenance and toolroom occupations...........................................  B-15.  Material movement and custodial occupations.................................. 116  112  Appendixes: lll-A.  Scope and method of survey..............................................................  120  lll-B.  Occupational descriptions..................................................................  125  Part II: Pay Comparisons, 1992 Introduction  June 1992).  areas in the United States. Bulletins which summarize survey results for each area  In contrast, tables A-4 through A-6 compare area data to corresponding national estimates for metropolitan areas, only (based on the C-  may differ in occupational content and reference month. Comparisons among areas may be difficult to make because of the large volume of data published.  series tables of Part 1: Pay in the United States and Regions, June 1992). Tables present all OCSP areas which published estimates by broad industry  Individual survey reports may contain wage and salary data for several dozen  levels for broad occupational groups. These measures, or pay relatives, express pay  division. Because industrial coverage varied among survey areas, some areas may not appear on each table. In addition, among areas publishing estimates at the same industry level, there may be some with much more extensive industrial coverage. See appendix III-A, table 1 (pages 122-124), for details about industrial  levels from individual 1992 Occupational Compensation Survey areas as a percent of the national pay level. In other words, pay relatives are the result of dividing pay for an occupational group in a particular area by the corresponding national  coverage. All tables show relative pay levels for the following broad occupational groups: Professional, Administrative, Technical, Clerical, Maintenance, and Material  Each year, the Bureau of Labor Statistics surveys occupational pay in over 150  occupations. To facilitate pay comparisons, the Bureau developed measures of relative pay  pay level, and multiplying by 100.  Movement. In addition, the all industries and State and local government tables display pay relatives for the Protective Service occupational group.  Pay relatives This publication presents separate pay relatives for all industries, private industry, and State and local government for all areas in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP), where available. The pay relatives in  Appendixes  tables A-l to A-3 represent how area pay compares to the national estimates (as  occupational groups used in pay relative calculations. Appendix II-B lists the geographical definitions of the 1992 OCSP areas.  summarized in the A-series tables of Part 1: Pay in the United States and Regions,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Appendix II-A describes the method of pay relative computation used in the OCSP. It also lists the specific occupational levels which comprise each of the  Table A-1. Pay relatives for occupational groups, all industries, selected areas, 1992 (For each occupational group, average pay level for all industries in the United States = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area Overall  Accountants  Administrative Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Clerical Systems analysts  Technical  Protective service  Overall  Secretaries  Maintenance  Material movement  Alabama 94  87  —  91  90  93  -  100  95  ~  88  86  95  -  —  90  -  87  87  — ——  111 114 116 105 107 103 117 117 98  112 114 113 106 103 105 114 118 100  109 116 124 103 105 106 130 116 93  102 114 128  Arizona  Arkansas 91 California Los Angeles-Long Beach .................................... Riverside-San Bernardino ...................................... Sacramento.....................................................  103  105  99  102  97 105  107  102  95 105  109  Visalia-Tulare-Porterville ........................................  107 108 115 103  107 108 111  102 110 105  100 112 108  101  105  ~  111 98 106  ~  — -  101  “  98  99  103  100  103 104  ——  105 109  107 109  108 115  113  —  102  106  105  121  100  100  108  108  101  110  102  ~  — -  92 98 91  95 97 92  90 97  82 93  103  78  —  ~  102 92  99 100  99 97  100  Colorado 104  -  124  100  —  Connecticut New Britain ...............................................  102  97  Delaware Wilmington............................................ District of Columbia Washington...........................................................  100  101  100  Florida Miami-Hialeah...................................  97 Georgia Atlanta .................................................................  97  97  97  100  Illinois 103  104  103  105  104  113  104  107  112  118  92  96  98  95  94  98  96  96  ~ ~ 86  94 90 102 95 93  99 97 104 93 93  91 98 110 104 96  84 94 123 106 —  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen........................................................  97 South Bend-Mishawaka..........................................  96  93  _____ :______l  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3  Table A-1. Pay relatives for occupational groups, all industries, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for all industries in the United States = 100) Occupational group  Overall  Accountants  Cler cal  Administrative  Professional Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Technical  service  Iowa  95  Louisiana  _  101  89  91  87  85  99 93  98 90  96  104  —  —  - '  108 106 102  106 103 98  103 103 97  102 104  106  109  109  113  124  99 96  95 94  106 95  116  -  84  81  87  83  96 101  96 100  105 103  110  83  83  98  105  97  101  99  100  99  96  99  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  102 100  100 97  102 100  101 102  101  101  _  _  —  100 104 96  103  -  104  102  103  104  99  105  97  99  98  _  _  -  -  -  -  Michigan 102 Minnesota _ Mississippi  83  Missouri 97  98 _  97  99  _  -  100 98  99 98  98 101  88 -  Montana  New Jersey  _ 109  _ — -  109 103 110  108 106 112  106 100 111  122 102 118  108 108 93  102 105  107  144 121  107 113 107  106 114 108  108 122 101  103  99 94 100  103 94 95  97 98 100  95 96 98  98 101 101  110 100  _ _  _ _  —  102  101 110  106 105  100 111 _  104 106 -  97 95  94  102 95  -  -  -  Ohio 94  —  101 100  105 _ _  New York  114  101  _  — -  103  96  100  Massachusetts  movement  92  _  98  Maryland  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Secretaries  100  Kentucky  Columbus ...............................................................  Maintenance Overall  4  -  -  93 95  90 94  _  Table A-1. Pay relatives for occupational groups, all industries, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for all industries in the United States = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Oregon Portland .................................................................. Salem ..................................................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia............................................................ Pittsburgh ............................................................... Reading .................................................................. Scranton-Wilkes-Barre ........................................... Tennessee Chattanooga........................................................... Memphis................................................................. Nashville.................................................................  Administrative  Clerical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  -  -  -  -  _ -  98 91  101  99  101  102  -  95  101  -  -  103 101 97 91  -  Technical  96  Protective service  Overall  Secretaries  Maintenance  Material movement  _ -  96 96  95  96  100  -  103 93 102  102  104  100 98  -  88  100 97 92 91  118 114  -  100 95 91 83  99 100 87  _ _ -  67 82  88 93 90  89 93 90  83 97 94  91 100 100  86  96 91 -  -  _  98  109  97 -  95  97  98  -  -  -  _ 98 86  99 104  103 107  98 103  99 111  99 112  99 114  _ 110  _  101 103  102 107  -  -  _  99  96  -  100  96  94  _ 97  _ -  -  89  89  95 99 82 79  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden .............................................  98  98  98  100  104  101  96  -  90  92  93  Vermont Burlington ...............................................................  -  98  -  -  -  -  -  79  91  89  87  -  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News ................... Richmond-Petersburg.............................................  98  96 -  99 -  93 -  90 93  92 98  94  -  -  91 97  92 97  90 107  84 101  Washington Seattle ....................................................................  101  99  101  -  -  98  -  -  102  102  113  -  -  -  94 98  _ 96  95 99  _  -  90 100  91 100  96 106  99 116  Texas Dallas...................................................................... Houston .................................................................. Longview-Marshall.................................................. San Antonio............................................................  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah .................................... Milwaukee...............................................................  -  -  "  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  publishable data for these occupational groups or for this level of industry detail.  5  Table A-2. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected areas, 1992 (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States = 100) Occupational group  Overall  Accountants  Clerical  Administrative  Professional Engineers  Programmers  Overall  Systems analysts  Maintenance  Technical Overall  Alaska  Secretaries  126  Alabama _ _ _ _  _ _ _  88  94  _  -  -  93 84 92 89 89  97 86 91 92 91  82 80 95 83 84  _ __  _  _  95  86  _  92  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  102 91  -  94 88  90 91  95 88  _ 68  92  -  _ 96  _ 99  78 88  _ 89  110 92 112 112 112 103 99 101 101 114 115  110  107 88 111 121 101 102 100 97 106  102 95 114 127  _  _  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _ 101  _ 104  97  _ _ 100  96  Arkansas  California  _ 95 107  .  _ 99 105  _ __  101  97  _ 94 107  105  108  107  _  _  _  -  106  107 -  107 118 103  105  _  _  -  __ _ _ 101  _  _  109  _ _  _  _  _ _ _  93 101  100 105  100 100  102  _  -  _  95  -  _  _  -  _  106 112  103 111 105  108  _ _  _ -  -  102  104 101  _  _  99 -  Connecticut  _  110 109 110 -  97 99 103 109 115 96  100  100  See footnotes at end of table.  6  100  -  -  98  -  -  113  106 -  -  90 98  87 98  -  -  104  104 108  103 109  107 114  112  104  126  103  111  District of Columbia 100  -  111  102  103  100  -  91  Delaware  100  -  -  99  _  -  -  -  99  Colorado 99 104  84 -  _  Arizona   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Material movement  98  108  105  85  I____—  Table A-2. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Clerical Maintenance  Material movement  94 92 95 92 90 92  _ 95 82 101  97 80  _ 101  _ 97 93  104 _ 85 99 93  101 106 85 101 90  100 98  _ 104  _ 96 88  -  103  104  -  -  105 103  107 121  114 115  _ 95  99 96 85 107 95 98  90 99 96 110 106 95  81 92 91  -  95 91 90 106 97 95  -  -  100  -  103  114  94  -  _ -  100 93  99 89  _ 102  _ 93  -  95  -  94  94  104  102  98 97 89  105 89  _ 89  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Florida Bradenton ................................................................ Jacksonville............................................................. Miami-Hialeah.......................................................... Northwestern Florida .............................................. Orlando.................................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.........................  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ 94  _ 97  105 96  89  Georgia Atlanta ..................................................................... Augusta ................................................................... Columbus ................................................................ Macon-Warner Robins............................................ Savannah ................................................................  98  97  97  98  -  — _ -  _ _ -  _ -  Illinois Chicago ................................................................... Joliet ........................................................................  103  103  103  -  -  -  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen....................................................... Evansville ................................................................ Fort Wayne ............................................................. Gary-Hammond...................................................... Indianapolis ............................................................ South Bend-Mishawaka..........................................  95 95 98  91 96  96 95  97  -  -  -  -  95 -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline...............................  -  -  -  -  -  Kansas Topeka ..................................................................... Wichita.....................................................................  -  -  -  -  Kentucky Louisviile..................................................................  -  -  ~  -  Louisiana Baton Rouge........................................................... New Orleans............................................................ Shreveport...............................................................  -  -  Maine Statewide Maine.....................................................  100  Maryland Baltimore ................................................................. Lower Eastern Shore..............................................  ~  .  Overall  Secretaries  _ 99  _ _ _ _ _ 98  _ 93 99 96 92 92  94 _ _ -  101  104  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  104 -  102  105 “  96 95 98  98 93  98 96 96  -  _ _ 97  _  106  -  -  _  -  -  101 100  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  98 97 87  -  "  -  -  100  91  91  89  87  94  98  101  99  99  100  96  102  101  -  -  -  -  97 74  105 71  “  .  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Technical  7  _  -  -  Table A-2. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States = 100) Occupational group  Overall  Accountants  Clerical  Administrative  Professional Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  101 101  100 104 96  102  -  100 -  113 97  125  106  108  97 98  98  -  ~  -  102  104  102  103  104  -  -  -  “  -  Minnesota Duluth ..................................................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul............................................... St. Cloud.................................................................  -  ”  -  -  -  Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula ............................. Jackson ..................................................................  -  -  — -  — -  — 89  —  Missouri Kansas City ............................................................ St. Louis.................................................................. Southern Missouri...................................................  97  99  97  99  -  _ -  “  -  100 98 82  Montana Billings ....................................................................  -  -  -  Nebraska Omaha....................................................................  -  -  Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah ...............................................  -  -  —  —  92 87  96 104 93  116  —  97 90  —  ~ 93  88 90  — 93  — 88  100 98 93  99 101 82  98 102 85  96 98 84  107 104 83  111 93  -  “  “  85  83  105  104  -  92  -  -  90  87  87  85  -  -  -  88  —  93  89  106  115  -  -  “  96 104 102  103 101 100  109  94 109 106 110  85 106 105 110  104 99 109  105 121 100 118  99 110  103 104  99 111  — 102 106  93 100 105  106  91  -  -  —  103 86  104 101  ~  103 112 107 89 89  ~  98  106 113 107 92  94 109  _ -  106 108 91 89  -  -  -  97  98  100  ~  -  96  -  -  94 92  -  95  108  —  —  '  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  107  100 “  -  North Carolina Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High-Point................ Goldsboro...............................................................  102 105  108 106 103  102 100 -  New York Binghamton ............................................................ Nassau-Suffolk....................................................... New York................................................................ Rochester............................................................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome...................................... Utica-Rome.............................................................  104 103 98  -  98 96  New Jersey Atlantic City............................................................. Bergen-Passaic ...................................................... Monmouth-Ocean................................................... Newark ...................................................................  104 102 95  Secretaries  101 99  Michigan Detroit..................................................................... Upper Peninsula.....................................................  Material movement  Overall  Massachusetts Lawrence-Haverhill................................................. Worcester...............................................................  Maintenance  Technical  8  98 80  -  102  Table A-2. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  94  96 95  94  102 95  -  -  -  -  99 93 101  -  -  -  101  99  101  -  94 “  -  Rhode Island Providence...............................................................  -  -  South Carolina Charleston ............................................................... Columbia-Sumter.................................................... Florence................................................................... Greenville-Spartanburg ..........................................  -  Ohio Cincinnati................................................................. Cleveland................................................................. Columbus ................................................................ Lorain-Elyria ............................................................ Toledo...................................................................... Oregon Portland ................................................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia............................................................. Pittsburgh ................................................................ Reading ................................................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre ...........................................  Tennessee Chattanooga............................................................ Clarksville-Hopkinsville........................................... Memphis.................................................................. Nashville.................................................................. Texas Abilene.................................................................... Corpus Christi.......................................................... Dallas....................................................................... Houston ................................................................... Longview-Marshall.................................................. Northwest Texas..................................................... Rio Grande Valley .................................................. San Antonio............................................................. Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus .....................................  Clerical Systems analysts  Technical  Maintenance Overall  Secretaries  93 93 98  92  103 94 96 94 94  93 94 87 94  94 97 100 90 97  -  -  98  “  102 101  103 94 102  102 103  -  102 100 96 90  -  -  -  90  -  _ -  _ -  97  -  96  97  98  -  -  -  99 104  91 103 107  98 103  102  97  103  -  Material movement  _ 110 100  96  98 101 103 100 106  97  93  94  101  -  100 97 93 85  99 93 88 81  101 95 91 90  119 114 100 109  95  -  95  88  95  105  97 _ 91  _ 94 96  _ _ 96  93 91 _ 92  93 93 _ 91  88 89 80 83  83 79 74 93  100 90  -  90  88  -  -  95 92  95 90  83 79 97 97  _ 100 103  99 112  100 112  _ 104 100 114  _ 111  _ 92 103 105  _ 95 102 106  96  98  97  89  92  _ 94  _ 91  _ 90  -  -  -  124  92  87 75 97  -  _ 99 96 101 82 92 73 78 94  _ _ 89 64 _ -  -  -  - _  -  96 -  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden .............................................  99  99  99  101  104  101  95  93  90  93  -  Vermont Burlington ................................................................ Statewide Vermont.................................................  ~  97  -  -  -  97  ~  91  92  87 86  _  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9  -  Table A-2. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Clerical  Administrative  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Technical Overall  Maintenance  Material movement  Secretaries  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  97  -  -  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .................. Richmond-Petersburg.............................................  98 -  95  99 ~  94 ~  -  -  92 98  -  -  -  89 98  90 97  90 111  85 101  Washington Seattle ....................................................................  101  98  103  96  -  97  -  101  100  113  -  West Virginia Statewide West Virginia..........................................  -  -  -  -  -  -  103  109  93  102  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  94 93 94 97  95 86 96  99  89 94 95 98  87 94 91 97  95 94 104  117  Virgin Islands of the U.S............................................  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah .................................... Green Bay .............................................................. Madison.................................................................. Milwaukee...............................................................  -  _  -  had no publishable data for these occupational groups or for this level of industry detail.  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10  99  Table A-3. Pay relatives for occupational groups, State and local government, selected areas, 1992 (For each occupational group, average pay level for State and local government in United States = 100) Occupational group State and area  Clerical  Administrative  Professional  Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  -  -  -  ~  “  —  94  96  93  94  93  94  -  -  -  -  -  87  -  119 119 117 109 101 106 113  123 117 115 110 107 105 124  116  129  106  -  100 110 107 107 104 105 105 105  127  _ -  116 117 116 108 100 107 106 132  107  Protective service  Overall  Alabama  Huntsville.................................................................  Maintenance  Material movement  83  -  Secretaries  76  —  98  80  80  98  97  74  ~  —  78  -  118 127 122 108 112 108 128 124 99  122 142 125 113 111 114 137 128 104  120 133 136 112 118 117 141 139 104  121 139  -  117 -  127 134 130 131 128 123 137 143 95  “  108  97  107  108  —  Arizona  Phoenix.................................................................... Arkansas  Little Rock-North Little Rock................................... California  Anaheim-Santa Ana ............................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach ....................................... Oakland ................................................................... Riverside-San Bernardino ...................................... Sacramento ............................................................ San Diego................................................................ San Francisco......................................................... San Jose.................................................................. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville ........................................  -  -  131 -  103  109  -  106  -  “  -  -  -  _  ”  -  -  -  -  -  105  111  104  109  112  110  102 95  107 94  97 96  96  105 99  104 96  94 -  99  93 -  93  97  90  -  -  -  103  106  102  -  -  -  -  -  84  ~  119  -  Colorado  Denver..................................................................... Connecticut  Danbury...................................................................  ~  “  ■  119  97  96  97  101  “  ~  100  106  117  106  —  -  -  70 112 88  89  104 95  “ 102 88  -  99 -  78 62  90 86  97 94  91 83  —  105  -  115  106  115  130  —  91  "  76  -  “ 98 83  86  ~  76 86 72  ~ 85 92  ~  Delaware  Wilmington.............................................................. District of Columbia  Washington............................................................. Florida  Bradenton ................................................................ Miami-Hialeah......................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..........................  -  82  Georgia  Atlanta ..................................................................... Augusta ................................................................... Illinois  Chicago ................................................................... Indiana  Elkhart-Goshen....................................................... Evansville ................................................................ Gary-Hammond...................................................... Indianapolis ............................................................. South Bend-Mishawaka..........................................  ~  -  85  "  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  -  83  ~  -  Table A-3. Pay relatives for occupational groups, State and local government, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for State and local government in United States = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Clerical Protective service  Maintenance  Material movement  100  85  -  81  86  74  -  99 80  96 89  101 97  96 85  96 -  -  101 97  107  113  -  -  _ 96  -  95  101  106  113  117  115  -  105 -  -  112  113 -  106  -  -  117 112  — -  -  -  65  “  -  -  -  96 102  90  92  88 94  87 96  94 106  87 98  79 92  -  -  -  -  77  -  -  -  -  108  -  -  -  -  135 122 120  108 100 113  114 109 115  117 103 121  -  113 -  -  115  -  -  139 121 115 108  115 111 107  _ 116 98 113  115 129 101 103  _ -  102 92 99  102  104 106 103  _ -  -  92 94 97  101 104 100  102 109 103  97 105 92  _ 99  100  “  —  94 92  -  116 106  98  98  -  -  107 96  Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Kentucky Louisville.................................................................  -  -  -  -  84  -  -  70  88  Louisiana New Orleans...........................................................  -  80  -  -  88  -  -  -  101  95  105  -  103 -  99  -  -  -  98 -  99 -  Massachusetts Boston .................................................................... Worcester ...............................................................  -  —  98 -  -  -  -  Michigan Detroit.....................................................................  93  98  89  98  106  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul............................................... St. Cloud.................................................................  115 -  118 -  112  107  -  -  104 -  Mississippi Jackson ..................................................................  -  -  -  -  95 98  103  95 96  _  Montana Billings ....................................................................  -  -  -  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic...................................................... Monmouth-Ocean................................................... Newark ...................................................................  — -  105  116  129 109  Maryland Baltimore ................................................................ Cumberland............................................................  Missouri Kansas City ............................................................  New York Nassau-Suffolk....................................................... New York................................................................ Poughkeepsie......................................................... Rochester...............................................................  -  -  Ohio Cincinnati................................................................ Cleveland................................................................ Columbus ...............................................................  -  107 89  Oregon Portland .................................................................. Salem .....................................................................  99 “  91  -  ”  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  -  -  Overall  Secretaries  -  -  Table A-3. Pay relatives for occupational groups, State and local government, selected areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for State and local government in United States = 100) Occupational group State and area  Clerical  Administrative  Professional  Systems analysts  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  97  97 91  102 -  -  100  Technical  Secretaries  104 101 98 96  103 —  101 102  ”  66 82 72  93  ~  86 91 76 86  -  101 -  -  Tennessee Chattanooga........................................................... Memphis .................................................................. Nashville.................................. ...............................  — 81  81  98 81  -  108 84  -  91 91  94 97  89 89  96 106  98 101  -  -  -  97 100 -  96  -  96  -  107  -  -  —  _  ~  —  96  Texas Dallas....................................................................... Houston ................................................................... Longview-Marshall.................................................. San Antonio............................................................  -  90  -  -  Maintenance Overall  Pennsylvania Philadelphia ............................................................ Pittsburgh ................................................................ Reading ................................................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre ...........................................  — -  Protective service  Material movement  -  92  104 107 98 88  85 86 89  94 90 97  83 101 82  —  90 91  95 99  85  90  86 93 76 80  75 -  83  84  95  —  —  ~  79  —  ~  ~  ■  -  -  -  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden ............................................. Vermont  Burlington ................................................................  -  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .................. Richmond-Petersburg.............................................  101 97  91  -  ~  -  —  85 82  94 95  98 98  91 84  “  ~  -  93  102  107  100  106  111  101  -  121  107  107  122  117  -  —  -  -  —  105  —  90 100  111  114  103 114  -  -  -  —  Washington  Seattle ..................................................................... Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah .................................... Milwaukee................................................................  -  -  -  105  110  101  publishable data for these occupational groups or for this level of industry detail.  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  13  Table A-4. Pay relatives for occupational groups, all industries, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 (For each occupational group, average pay level for all industries in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Clerical Technical  Protective service  Maintenance  Material movement  89  91  -  87  85  93  -  -  89  -  86  84  _ 132  112 113 112 105 102 105 113 117 99  107 114 122 102 103 104 127 113 92  99 108 122 — 106 94 -  -  110 113 115 104 106 102 116 116 97  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Alabama Huntsville................................................................  -  -  -  -  100  94  86  -  90  Arizona Phoenix...................................................................  -  -  -  -  -  100  94  -  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock...................................  -  -  -  -  92  91  -  103  105  102  107 102 101 109  106 109 110  -  107 108 115 103 99 102 110 105 -  106 107 110 100 110 107 -  California Anaheim-Santa Ana ............................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach ....................................... Oakland .................................................................. Riverside-San Bernardino ...................................... Sacramento............................................................ San Diego............................................................... San Francisco......................................................... San Jose................................................................. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville ........................................  Overall  Secretaries  99  102  98  96 105  99 107  95 105  -  -  -  -  -  104  101  105  100  102  100  101  -  97  98  101  97  -  102  -  -  96  99  103  -  104 108  106 109  106 112  _ 108  Delaware Wilmington..............................................................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  101  105  103  114  District of Columbia Washington.............................................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  98  97  107  107  100  107  Florida Bradenton ............................................................... Miami-Hialeah......................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.........................  -  “  -  -  _ 96  _ 102 98  _ _ 96  _ _ -  92 97 90  94 97 91  _ 89 95  _ 79 87  98  Colorado Denver .................................................................... Connecticut Danbury.................................................................. New Britain .............................................................  .  109 112  125 119 127  -  Georgia Atlanta .................................................................... Augusta ..................................................................  97  97  75  -  93 -  103  -  97 -  100  -  -  -  -  101 91  98 100  98 95  97  Illinois Chicago ..................................................................  103  103  103  104  103  105  103  110  103  107  110  114  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  95  91  96  96  98  98  94  78  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  97  94  -  96  93  96  95  85  “  -  “  -  -  -  -  99 97 104 93 93  89 97 107 102 94  81 91  -  93 89 101 94 92  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen....................................................... Evansville ............................................................... Gary-Hammond ...................................................... Indianapolis ............................................................ South Bend-Mishawaka..........................................  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14  -  101 -  '  Table A-4. Pay relatives for occupational groups, all industries, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for all industries in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group State and area  Clerical  Administrative  Professional  Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline ............................  -  -  -  -  -  ~  —  Kentucky Louisville..................................................................  -  -  r  —  95  Louisiana New Orleans............................................................  -  -  -  -  -  98  Maryland Baltimore ................................................................. Cumberland.............................................................  100  97  101  -  -  99 -  99  -  Massachusetts Boston ..................................................................... Lawrence-Haverhill................................................. Worcester................................................................  102 99  99 96  102 100  101 102  100  -  -  -  Michigan Detroit......................................................................  102  103  -  -  Mississippi Jackson ................................................................... Missouri Kansas City ............................................................. St. Louis................................................................... Montana Billings .....................................................................  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul................................................ St. Cloud..................................................................  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic....................................................... Monmouth-Ocean.................................................... Newark .................................................................... New York Nassau-Suffolk ........................................................ New York................................................................. Rochester................................................................ Ohio Cincinnati................................................................. Cleveland................................................................. Columbus ................................................................  Maintenance  Material movement  101  109  95  99  97  88  90  85  82  98 92  97 90  94  98  —  —  106 102 97  101 101 95  98 100  Overall  Secretaries  —  99  ■  -  —  91  -  -  99  95  95  -  -  -  100 104 96  102 -  97 96  -  -  -  107 105 101  102  103  103  99  105  103  108  108  111  117  -  -  -  97 -  99  97 ~  -  98 95  95 93  104 92  111  -  -  -  -  82  -  -  “  83  81  85  79  97 -  98 -  97 -  99  99 98  99 98  98 100  86  -  -  95 100  96 99  103 101  105  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  82  82  97  101  -  -  -  -  -  105 102  101  -  108  -  108 102 109  108 106 111  104 98 109  118 99 113  101 110  106 104  107 108 93  102 105 -  138 116  -  103 106 -  106  -  100 111 -  106 112 106  105 114 108  106 120 99  100  94 -  97 95  94  102 95  “  -  -  99 94 100  103 94 95  92 94  96 97 99  95 95 97  96 99 100  105 96  ~  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Protective service  15  -  100  -  -  88 92  _  Table A-4. Pay relatives for occupational groups, all industries, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for all industries in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Clerical Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Oregon Portland .................................................................. Salem .....................................................................  — -  -  — -  — -  -  98 91  — -  Pennsylvania Philadelphia............................................................ Pittsburgh ............................................................... Reading .................................................................. Scranton-Wilkes-Barre ...........................................  100 -  99 94 -  101  102  -  100  103 93 102  -  103 100 97 91  96  95  98 99 111  Tennessee Chattanooga ........................................................... Memphis................................................................. Nashville.................................................................  Protective service  Maintenance Overall  Secretaries  94  Material movement  _ -  95 96  95 -  -  96 -  101  99 94 -  99 97  -  — -  87  99 95 90 83  98 95 90 89  113 110 96 104  97 86  99 100 87  -  65 80 -  87 92 89  88 93 90  82 96 92  87 97 97  99 112  99 114  109  83  100 102  102 106  89  89  93 97 80 78  92 88  -  -  -  -  97 -  Texas Dallas...................................................................... Houston .................................................................. Longview-Marshall.................................................. San Antonio............................................................  99 104 99  103 107  98 103  96  100  96  94  97  “  -  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden .............................................  98  97  98  100  103  101  95  83  90  91  91  -  Vermont Burlington ...............................................................  -  97  -  -  -  -  -  77  -  88  85  -  Virginia Norfoik-Virginia Beach-Newport News .................. Richmond-Petersburg.............................................  98 -  96 -  99 -  93  90 93  92 98  -  84  “  -  -  91 96  91 97  88 105  81 96  100  99  101  -  -  98  -  122  101  101  110  -  -  -  -  —  94 97  96  98  -  90 99  90 100  94 104  94 111  Washington  Seattle .................................................................... Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah .................................... Milwaukee...............................................................  1 The 326 metropolitan areas in the United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) as established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget through October 1984.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupational groups or for this level of industry detail.  16  Table A-5. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group State and area Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Alabama Birmingham ............................................................. Gadsden and Anniston ........................................... Huntsville................................................................. Mobile...................................................................... Montgomery.............................................................  — -  — -  — -  — _  88 — 92 “  Arizona Phoenix....................................................................  -  -  -  -  Arkansas Fort Smith ................................................................ Little Rock-North Little Rock...................................  -  -  -  -  101  103  101  97  99  97  95 107  98 104  94 107  -  -  -  California Anaheim-Santa Ana ............................................... Fresno ..................................................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach ....................................... Oakland................................................................... Oxnard-Ventura...................................................... Riverside-San Bernardino ...................................... Sacramento ............................................................. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey ..................................... San Diego................................................................ San Francisco......................................................... San Jose.................................................................. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa............................................. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville ........................................  Material movement  Secretaries  96 86 90 92 90  81 80 93 81 84  — ■  80  -  “  93 83 91 89 89  102  96  93  90  94  —  -  92  -  95  99  76 87  86  106  105  106  109  100 109  106 111  108 107 118 103 95  105 87 109 119 99 101 98 96 104 111  98 91 108 121  90  —  -  -  -  “  109 91 111 111 111 102 98 100 100 113 114 102 98  100 100  101  104 101  101  90 97  87 97  -  97  -  -  -  99 -  103  103 107  102 109  105 112  108  -  -  -  -  -  “  102  103  119  99  100  100  100  100  98  107  104  102  107  94  97  104 96  99  97  92 98 91 91  94 91 95 90 92  94 81  93 78 93 87  -  -  Colorado Colorado Springs.................................................... Denver.....................................................................  99 104  93 100  100 105  Connecticut Danbury................................................................... New Britain .............................................................  -  101  Delaware Wilmington..............................................................  -  District of Columbia Washington..............................................................  100  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  107  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Maintenance Overall  — 86  -  Florida Bradenton ................................................................ Jacksonville............................................................. Miami-Hialeah......................................................... Orlando.................................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater..........................  Systems analysts  Technical  94 — 95  -  -  Clerical  Administrative  Professional  17  103 111 105  105 98 107  109 109 109 97 99 102 109 114 96 —  99  106 93 102  Table A-5. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  98 -  96 -  103  103  -  -  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen....................................................... Evansville ............................................................... Fort Wayne ............................................................. Gary-Hammond...................................................... Indianapolis ............................................................ South Bend-Mishawaka..........................................  95 95 -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline ...............................  -  Georgia Atlanta ..................................................................... Augusta ................................................................... Columbus ................................................................ Macon-Warner Robins............................................ Savannah ............................................................... Illinois Chicago ................................................................... Joliet........................................................................  Kansas Topeka .................................................................... Wichita.................................................................... Kentucky Louisville................................................................. Louisiana Baton Rouge........................................................... New Orleans........................................................... Shreveport.............................................................. Maryland Baltimore ................................................................ Massachusetts Boston .................................................................... Lawrence-Haverhill................................................. Worcester............................................................... Michigan Detroit..................................................................... Minnesota Duluth ...................................................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul............................................... SI. Cloud..................................................................  Overall  Programmers  97  98 _ _ -  93 _ _ -  101  _ -  _ _ _ -  103  104  102  -  -  -  91 95  96 95  96 95  96 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Technical  Maintenance  Material movement  Overall  Secretaries  104  104  _ _ _ -  _ 85 98 93  100 106 85 100 89  99 _ _  _ 102  87  -  105  103  103  110  -  -  104 103  106  -  98 93  _ 98 96  _ _  97 -  -  -  -  94  96 -  96 -  94 90 89 105 96 95  98 96 85 107 95 98  89 98 94 108 104 94  -  -  -  -  -  99  -  101  109  -  -  _  -  94  _ -  _ -  99 93  99 88  _ 100  _ 87  -  -  -  95  -  93  94  102  97  -  -  -  _  -  -  _  -  -  -  98 97 88  _ 85  -  98 96 86  103 88  -  101 100 -  _  -  100  98  101  99  99  100  96  101  100  95  99  101 99  98 96  102 100  101 101  100  102  “  -  -  -  -  100 104 96  -  107 105 102  104 102 95  102 101 97  _ 99 101  102  104  102  103  103  100  106  107  106  111  118  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  96  -  -  -  -  _ 97 -  _ 96 89  _ 92 87  95 102 91  _ 111  -  97 98 -  _  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Clerical Systems analysts  18  _ -  _  78 88 87 101  Table A-5. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Clerical  Administrative  Maintenance  Material movement  88 90  91  85  97 101  96 98  105 102  100 106  -  84  83  103  -  -  -  89  86  86  82  96 104  103 101  102  100  108  93 . 108 105 109  84 106 104 109  103 98 107  101 117 96 114  106 107 90 89  -  105 112 106 92 -  102 112 106 89 88  93 107  -  93 100 105 94 92  105  -  102 106 -  101 85  — 100 96 -  -  -  -  95  108  97  97  100  96  97  95 95  94  102 95  -  -  -  -  99 93 100 92  103 94 96 94 94  92 94 87 93  94 96 99 89 96  93 92 98 96  97 99 102 98 104  105 97 118  “  -  -  -  -  98  -  96  93  92  97  99  101  102  103 94 102  101 102 -  98 93 88 81  99 94  ~  99 96 92 84  89  115 110 96 104  95  -  94  88  93  101  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula .............................. Jackson ...................................................................  -  -  -  -  89  -  Missouri Kansas City ............................................................. St. Louis...................................................................  97 “  98  97  99 -  99 97  Montana Billings.....................................................................  -  -  -  -  Nebraska Omaha.....................................................................  -  -  -  New Jersey Atlantic City.............................................................. Bergen-Passaic ....................................................... Monmouth-Ocean.................................................... Newark ....................................................................  -  -  99 110  New York Binghamton ............................................................. Nassau-Suffolk........................................................ New York................................................................. Rochester ................................................................ Syracuse and Utica-Rome...................................... Utica-Rome.............................................................. North Carolina Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High-Point................. Ohio Cincinnati................................................................. Cleveland................................................................. Columbus ................................................................ Lorain-Elyria ............................................................ Toledo...................................................................... Oregon Portland ................................................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia............................................................. Pittsburgh ................................................................ Reading ................................................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre ........................................... Rhode Island Providence...............................................................  Overall  Secretaries  “  92  100 98  98 100  -  -  -  92  ~  -  102 104 -  99 111  -  -  91  -  94  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  93  -  100  -  -  -  -  102 100 95 90  -  -  -  -  90  101  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Technical  19  97  -  -  Table A-5. Pay relatives for occupational groups, private industry, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for private industry in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Clerical Maintenance  Material movement  86 80 82  80 71 90  94 90  83 78 95 95  98 99  _ 92  _ 94  _ 97  _ 73  -  90  90  81 78  _ ~  101  95  92  90  92  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  93  -  -  -  93 98  -  88 97  89 97  89 108  81 97  -  97  -  100  100  111  -  93 93 93 97  -  -  95 86 96  98  88 93 94 97  87 93 91 97  94 92  Systems analysts  Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  -  -  -  -  96  96  92  93  90  91  90  97 -  96  -• 97  98 -  -  88  -  100 90  89  -  — “  95 92  99 104  91  98 103  99 112  _ -  _ 104  _  102 107  -  112  115  102  97  103  96  95  97  99  98  99  101  104  Burlington ...............................................................  -  97  -  -  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .................. Richmond-Petersburg.............................................  98  94  -  -  99 -  101  98  103  96  -  Overall  Secretaries  South Carolina  Charleston.............................................................. Florence.................................................................. Greenville-Spartanburg ..........................................  97  Tennessee  Chattanooga........................................................... Clarksville-Hopkinsville........................................... Memphis................................................................. Nashville.................................................................  88  Texas  Abilene.................................................................... Corpus Christi.........................................................  Longview-Marshall.................................................. San Antonio............................................................ Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden ............................................. Vermont  Washington  Seattle .................................................................... Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah .................................... Green Bay .............................................................. Madison .................................................................. Milwaukee...............................................................  -  -  —  -  -  -  -  -  — ~  1 The 326 metropolitan areas in the United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) as established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget through October 1984.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _ 102  94 _ 111  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupational groups or for this level of industry detail.  20  Table A-6. Pay relatives for occupational groups, State and local government, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 (For each occupational group, average pay level for State and local government in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Clerical  Administrative  Maintenance  Material movement  -  79  ~  79  80  93  93  71  “  -  75  “  116 125 120 107 110 106 125 122 98  121 141 124 112 110 113 135 128 103  115 127 130 107 112 111 135 133  116 133  -  122 130 126 124 122 118 131 138 92  Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  93  95  93  93  92  94  -  -  -  “  -  118 118 116 108 100 105 112  122 116 114 109 106 104 122  116 112  128  -  -  115 116 116 106 99 106 105 131  106  Protective service  Overall  Secretaries  73  -  -  97  86  -  127  Alabama  Huntsville................................................................. Arizona  Phoenix.................................................................... Arkansas  Little Rock-North Little Rock................................... California  Anaheim-Santa Ana ............................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach ....................................... Oakland ................................................................... Riverside-San Bernardino ...................................... Sacramento............................................................. San Diego...................]............................................ San Francisco.......................................................... San Jose.................................................................. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville ........................................  118  131  -  -  -  99 109 106 106 104 104 105 105 -  102  108  -  105  -  -  104  95  106  103  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  106  -  —  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  95  94  96  95  —  104  109  103  109  111  109  -  96  105  116  101  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  101 95  106 93  96 95  95  105 99  104 95  -  67 108 85  88  104 94  97 83  78  97 “  89 “  98 -  75 59  89 85  96 93  87 -  -  104  -  111  104  114  124  “  90  ~  74 74 84 69  — 82  98 82  81 81  —  —  "  "  105  116  -  -  Colorado  Denver .....................................................................  -  Connecticut  Danbury................................................................... Delaware  Wilmington............................................................... District of Columbia  Washington.............................................................. Florida  Bradenton ................................................................ Miami-Hialeah.......................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater.......................... Georgia  Atlanta ..................................................................... Augusta ...................................................................  93  98  92  93  -  -  -  -  102  104  101  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  83  -  —  -  ~  -  Illinois  Chicago ................................................................... Indiana  Elkhart-Goshen........................................................ Evansville ................................................................ Gary-Hammond...................................................... Indianapolis ............................................................. South Bend-Mishawaka..........................................  85 “  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  21  ~  Table A-6. Pay relatives for occupational groups, State and local government, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for State and local government in the United States, metropolitan areas1 = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Clerical  Administrative Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline..............................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Kentucky Louisville.................................................................  -  -  -  -  84  -  Louisiana New Orleans...........................................................  -  79  -  -  88  100  95  102  98  -  -  -  -  Massachusetts Boston .................................................................... Lawrence-Haverhill................................................. Worcester ...............................................................  -  -  97 -  Michigan Detroit.....................................................................  92  97  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul...............................................  114  Mississippi Jackson ..................................................................  -  Missouri Kansas City ............................................................ St. Louis..................................................................  94 97  Montana Billings ....................................................................  Maryland Baltimore ................................................................ Cumberland............................................................  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic...................................................... Monmouth-Ocean................................................... Newark ................................................................... New York Nassau-Suffolk ....................................................... New York................................................................ Poughkeepsie......................................................... Rochester............................................................... Ohio Cincinnati................................................................ Cleveland................................................................ Columbus ...............................................................  Maintenance  Material movement  Overall  Secretaries  88  -  -  -  -  67  87  99  81  -  -  58  79  85  70  104 -  98 -  98  95 77  94 88  100 96  91  92  -  -  -  -  -  -  • -  97 95 93  105  112  -  -  -  - ■ -  88  97  105  95  100  102  111  116  110  117  111  106  103  105  -  109  111  105  112  -  -  -  -  “  “  -  64  ~  ~  —  -  102  94 95  -  96 102  90  91  -  -  85 92  86 95  93 104  82 94  75 88  -  -  -  -  -  -  75  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  107  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  130 119 115  98 112  114 109 114  110 97 115  -  -  — -  114  -  “  133 115 111 105  113 109 105  116 98 112  109 125 95 98  -  101 91 98  101  104 105 102  -  “  90 92 94  100 102 98  102 108 102  93 101 87  94  -  104  115  128 108  -  -  106 88 -  112  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Protective sen/ice  22  -  -  -  —  Table A-6. Pay relatives for occupational groups, State and local government, selected metropolitan areas, 1992 — Continued (For each occupational group, average pay level for State and local government in the United States, metropolitan areas’ = 100) Occupational group Professional  State and area  Administrative  Clerical Protective service  Maintenance  Material movement  102 91  _ -  _ 91  96 101 92 84  _ _ _ -  84 85  93 89 96  79 97 78  _ _  89 89  95 98  82 89  _ 83  _ 89  _ 76  _ _ -  81  83  94  -  -  -  76  -  -  -  -  -  -  82 79  92 93  97 97  87 80  _ -  111  101  -  118  105  106  117  113  “  _ 104  _ -  87 97  _ 110  _ 113  _ 109  _ -  Technical  Overall  Accountants  Engineers  Overall  Programmers  Systems analysts  99 -  — 90  99 -  -  -  94 92  -  112 102  96  97  -  -  97 -  100 “  96 90  102  99 -  _ -  100 98 94 92  102 _ _ -  100 101  -  -  80  80  98 80  -  108 84  -  -  64 80 70  90 90 -  94 96  88 88  96 100  95 106  98 101  92  90  90  “  95  -  _ -  83 88 73 85  -  -  95  -  106  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  96  100 96  96 -  -  93  90  -  -  101  106  99  105  104  109  100  ~  Overall  Secretaries  Oregon  Portland ................................................................... Salem ...................................................................... Pennsylvania  Philadelphia............................................................. Pittsburgh ................................................................ Reading ................................................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre ...........................................  -  Tennessee  Chattanooga............................................................ Memphis..................................................................  Texas  Dallas....................................................................... Houston ................................................................... Longview-Marshall.................................................. San Antonio............................................................  72  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden ............................................. Vermont  Burlington ................................................................ Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News .................. Richmond-Petersburg............................................. Washington  Seattle ..................................................................... Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah .................................... Milwaukee................................................................  1 The 326 metropolitan areas in the United States (excluding Alaska and Hawaii) as established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget through October 1984.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupational groups or for this level of industry detail.  23  Appendix ll-A. Method of Pay Relative Computation  The Occupational Compensation Survey program  Pay data for the professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and  The data in this report are based on occupational compensation surveys conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Surveys cover establishments  clerical occupations relate to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of  employing 50 workers or more, but exclude private households, agriculture, the  pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Rounded to the nearest dollar,  Federal Government, and the self-employed.1  average weekly earnings, along with average weekly hours, for these occupations, appear in individual survey area bulletins.  The Bureau conducts Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) surveys throughout the year on a sample basis. Individual survey area bulletins and summaries (listed in appendix III-A) provide detailed survey information for each area, including industrial coverage and sample size.  broad occupational groups. These levels are based on mean (average) pay for each of the occupations which comprise the group (listed in the "Occupational groups"  In addition to individual survey area bulletins, the Bureau uses locality data to estimate national and regional pay levels and distributions. The 1992 estimates,  section below). The mean is computed for each job by totaling pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers.  published in Part I: Pay in the United States and Regions, June 1992, provide the basis for developing a nationwide average for use in pay comparisons of  Pay relative computation  occupational groups. These pay comparisons, or pay relatives, compare pay in each area to pay for an identical group of employees throughout the nation.  Pay relative computation involves the development of average pay levels for  The following procedure, which reduces interarea differences in occupational composition as a factor in pay levels, is used to construct pay relatives.  The occupational pay data which provide the basis for computing pay relatives correspond to full-time workers, and they exclude premium pay for overtime and  1. Area base computation (numerator). Multiplying average pay for each publishable occupational level in an area with the corresponding national employment results in aggregate pay levels. The sum of these products for each occupation included in the occupational group equals the area base (numerator) for  for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts.  that occupational group.  Occupational pay  Also excluded are bonuses and  lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses— under cost-of-living allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data.1  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area or nonmetropolitan county are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is usually defined as all locations of a government entity.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2. National base computation (denominator). National average pay for comparable occupational levels multiplied by the corresponding national employment results in aggregate pay levels. The sum of these products for these jobs produces a national base (denominator) for each occupational group.  3. Reference month adjustment.  Because the Bureau collects data for individual areas at different times throughout the calendar year, the use of appropriate Employment Cost Index components may be necessary to adjust the June 1992 national base (denominator) to match the survey area reference month.  4.Pay relative computation. Dividing the area base by the corresponding national  Occupational group  Occupational levels  base and multiplying the result by 100 yields the area pay relative. The national pay relative corresponds to 100. If, for example, the relative for an area is 90, this indicates that the area's pay level is 90 percent of the nationwide pay level, or 10  Professional  Accountants - 6 levels Accountants, Public - 4 levels Attorneys - 6 levels Engineers - 8 levels  Administrative  Budget Analysts - 4 levels Budget Analyst Supervisors - 2 levels  percent below the national level. Part II tables show area pay relatives, only if the national employment which corresponds to the area's published occupations equals at least 70 percent of the national total employment of the entire occupational group. For example, in the 1992 Visalia, CA, OCSP survey, data from only three of five levels of Secretaries met publication criteria for all industries.  Buyers/Contracting Specialists - 5 levels Computer Programmers - 5 levels Computer Systems Analysts - 5 levels  Table A-l includes a Secretaries pay  relative for Visalia, because national employment for those three levels is 78 percent of the national employment for all levels of Secretaries. Longview-Marshall, TX,  Computer Systems Analyst  lacks a pay relative on table A-l because only two levels of Secretaries met  Supervisors/Managers - 4 levels  publishability criteria, and nationally, those two levels account for just 53 percent of  Personnel Specialists- 6 levels  all Secretaries.  Personnel Specialist Supervisors/Managers - 5 levels  Industry-specific data The tables present pay relatives for private industry, State and local government,  Technical  Computer Operators - 5 levels  and all industries, combined. These three types of industry detail appear for all  Drafters - 4 levels  areas (tables A-l through A-3) and for metropolitan areas, only (tables A-4 through A-6). Area pay for an occupational group and industry level is divided by national  Engineering Technicians - 6 levels  pay for the same occupational group and industry level, for all areas or just metropolitan areas. Thus, numerators and denominators, used to calculate pay relatives, differ from each other in each of the six tables.  Clerical  Clerks, Accounting - 4 levels Clerks, General - 4 levels Clerks, Order - 2 levels  For some areas, pay relatives may not be available at the industry or all­ industries level because (1) the data do not provide statistically reliable results, (2) the data possibly disclose individual establishment data, or (3) the survey has a limited industrial scope. All-industries estimates combine data from private industry with State and local governments, in selected areas (types 1 and 2, as indicated in appendix III-A, table 1), even though pay data may not appear  Key Entry Operators - 2 levels Secretaries - 5 levels Switchboard Operator-Receptionists - 1 level Word Processors - 3 levels  Protective Service  separately for each industry division. Also, note that although tables may present pay relatives for a particular industry division, the extent of industrial coverage may vary among areas included on the  Corrections Officers - 1 level Firefighters -1 level Police Officers, Uniformed - 2 levels  table. Appendix III-A, table 1 summarizes these differences in industrial coverage.  Maintenance  General Maintenance Workers-1 level Maintenance Electricians -1 level  Occupational groups  Maintenance Electronics Technicians - 3 levels Maintenance Machinists - 1 level Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery -1 level  Pay relatives for specific occupational groups comprise average pay data for the following occupations, when available:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle -1 level Maintenance Pipefitters - 1 level  25  Material Movement  Weekly pay data for white-collar and protective service occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Hourly pay differentials may be more significant than that reflected in the weekly averages. For example, New York, NY, and San Francisco, CA, both had pay relatives of 114 for Secretaries in all industries (table A-l). However, in 1992, the average workweek was 3 to 4 hours shorter in New York than in San Francisco. When based on hourly pay, the San Francisco pay relative for Secretaries in all industries remains unchanged, but the New York pay relative jumps 9 points to 123. Consult individual area bulletins and summaries for  Forklift Operators - 1 level Material Handling Laborers -1 level Order Fillers - 1 level Shipping/Receiving Clerks - 1 level Truckdrivers - 4 levels Warehouse Specialists -1 level  Data limitations The pay data presented in this report are based on locality averages for specific occupations. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, pay relatives do  standard workweek data.  not necessarily reflect the pay differential among occupational groups within individual establishments.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .xinsorffl  26  Appendix ll-B. Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) Area Definitions State and area  Area lype1  Alabama Birmingham......... Gadsden and Anniston Huntsville.......... Mobile......... Montgomery........ Selma...........  Blount, Jefferson, St. Clair, Shelby, and Walker Counties Calhoun and Etowah Counties Madison County Baldwin and Mobile Counties Autauga, Elmore, and Montgomery Counties Dallas County  Arizona Phoenix.............. Tucson-Douglas...  Maricopa County Cochise and Pima Counties  Arkansas Fort Smith............... Little Rock-North Little Rock.... California Anaheim-Santa Ana.... Fresno............ Los Angeles-Long Beach Oakland............. Oxnard-Ventura.. Riverside-San Bernardino Sacramento......... Salinas-Seaside-Monterey San Diego......... San Francisco.... San Jose.... San Luis Obispo County Vallejo-Fairfield- Napa. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville Colorado Colorado Springs. Denver............ Pueblo..... Connecticut Danbury.........  New Britain.............   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Definition  Crawford and Sebastian Counties, AR; Sequoyah County, OK Faulkner, Lonoke, Pulaski, and Saline Counties  PMQA  Orange County Fresno County Los Angeles County Alameda and Contra Costa Counties Ventura County Riverside and San Bernardino Counties El Dorado, Placer, Sacramento, and Yolo Counties Monterey County San Diego County Marin, San Francisco, and San Mateo Counties Santa Clara County San Luis Obispo County Napa and Solano Counties Tulare County El Paso County Adams, Arapahoe, Denver, Douglas, and Jefferson Counties Pueblo County  Danbury city, and Bethel, Brookfield, New Fairfield, Newtown, Redding, Ridgefield Sherman towns in Fairfield County; Bridgewater and New Milford towns in Litchfield County New Britain city, and Berlin, Plainville, and Southington towns in Hartford County  27  Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) area definitions (continued)  State and area  Area type1  Definition  Delaware Wilmington......................................................  PMSA  New Castle County, DE; Cedi County, MD; Salem County, NJ  District of Columbia Washington.................................................  MSA  District of Columbia; Calvert, Chartes, Frederick, Montgomery, and Prince Georges Counties, MD; Alexandria, Fairfax, Falls Church, Manassas, and Manassas Park cities, and Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford Counties, VA  Florida Bradenton....................................................... Jacksonville................................................... Miami-Hialeah................................................ Monroe County............................................... Northwestern Florida................................... Orlando.......................................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater...............  MSA MSA PMSA NMET ESA MSA MSA  Manatee County Clay, Duval, Nassau, and St Johns Counties Dade County Monroe County Bay, Escambia, Holmes, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Walton, and Washington Counties Orange, Osceola, and Seminole Counties Hernando, Hillsborough, Pasco, and Pinellas Counties  Georgia Albany............................................................ Atlanta.................................................................  MSA MSA  Augusta.......................................................... Brunswick...................................................... Columbus............................................................ Macon-Warner Robins................................... Savannah.......................................................  MSA ESA MSA MSA MSA  Dougherty and Lee Counties Barrow, Butts, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, De Kalb, Douglas, Fayette, Forsyth, Fulton, Gwinnett, Henry, Newton, Paulding, Rockdale, Spalding, and Walton Counties Columbia, McDuffie, and Richmond Counties, GA; Aiken County, SC Glynn County Chattahoochee and Muscogee Counties, GA; Russell County, AL Bibb, Houston, Jones, and Peach Counties Chatham and Effingham Counties  Illinois Chicago.......................................................... Joliet............................................................... Vermilion County..........................................  PMSA PMSA NMET  Cook, Du Page, and McHenry Counties Grundy and Will Counties Vermilion County  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen............................................. Evansville...................................................... Fort Wayne.................................................... Gary-Hammond............................................ Indianapolis...................................................  MSA MSA MSA PMSA MSA  Elkhart County Posey, Vanderburgh, and Warrick Counties, IN; Henderson County, KY Allen, DeKalb, and Whitley Counties Lake and Porter Counties Boone, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Johnson, Marion, Morgan, and Shelby Counties  ESA MSA  Cass and Miami Counties St. Joseph County  Logansport-Peru.......................................... South Bend-Mishawaka............................... Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline......................  MSA  Henry and Rock Island Counties, IL; Scott County, IA  Kansas Topeka............................................................ Wichita............................................................  MSA MSA  Shawnee County Butler, Harvey, and Sedgwick Counties  Kentucky Louisville.  MSA  Bullitt, Jefferson, Oldham, and Shelby Counties, KY; Clark, Floyd, and Harrison Counties, IN   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  .noteoE  Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) area definitions (continued)  State and area  Definition  Louisiana Acadia Parish................................................. Baton Rouge................................................. New Orleans................................................. Shreveport.....................................................  NMET MSA MSA MSA  Acadia Parish Ascension, East Baton Rouge, Livingston, and West Baton Rouge Parishes Jefferson, Orleans, St. Bernard, St Charles, St John the Baptist, and St Tammany Parishes Bossier and Caddo Parishes  Maine Oxford County...............................................  NMET  Oxford County  Maryland Baltimore....................................................... Cumberland................................................... Lower Eastern Shore...................................  MSA MSA ESA  Baltimore city, and Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, Howard, and Queen Anne's Counties Allegany County, MD; and Mineral County, WV Somerset, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties, MD; Accomack and NorthhamptonCounties, VA; and Sussex County, DE  Massachusetts Boston...........................................................  PMSA  Mansfield, Norton, and Raynham towns in Bristol County; Lynn city and Lynnfield, Nahant, and Saugus towns in Essex County; Cambridge, Everett, Maiden, Marlborough, Medford, Melrose, Newton, Somerville, Waltham, and Woburn cities, and Acton, Arlington, Ashland, Ayer, Bedford, Framingham, Groton, Holliston, Hopkinton, Belmont, Boxborough, Burlington, Carlisle, Concord, Hudson, Lexington, Lincoln, Littleton, Maynard, Natick, North Reading, Reading, Sherbom, Shirley, Stoneham, Stow, Sudbury, Townsend, Wakefield, Watertown, Wayland, Weston, Wilmington, and Winchester towns in Middlesex County; Quincy city, and Bellingham, Braintree, Brookline, Canton, Cohasset, Dedham, Dover, Foxborough, Franklin, Holbrook, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Milton, Needham, Norfolk, Norwood, Randolph, Sharon, Stoughton, Walpole, Wellesley, Westwood, Weymouth, and Wrentham towns in Norfolk County; Carver, Duxbuiy, Hanover, Hanson, Hingham, Hull, Kingston, Lakeville, Marshfield, Middleborough, Norwell, Pembroke, Plymouth, Plympton, Rockland, and Sdtuate towns in Plymouth County; All of Suffolk County; Berlin, Bolton, Harvard, Hopedale, Lancaster, Mendon, Milford, Southborough, and Upton towns in Worcester County  Lawrence-Haverhill.  PMSA  Haverhill, Lawrence, and Newburyport cities, and Amesbury, Andover, Boxford, Georgetown, Groveland, Merrimac, Methuen, Newbury, North Andover, Salisbury, and West Newbury towns in Essex County, MA; Atkinson, Brentwood, Danville, Derry, East Kingston, Hampstead, Kingston, Newton, Plaistow, Salem, Sandown, Seabrook, and Windham towns in Rockingham County, NH  Worcester.  MSA  Worcester city, and Auburn, Barre, Boylston, Brookfield, Charlton, Clinton, Douglas, Dudley, East Brookfield, Grafton, Holden, Leicester, Millbury, Northborough, Northbridge, North Brookfield, Oxford, Paxton, Princeton, Rutland, Shrewsbury, Spencer, Sterling, Sutton, Uxbridge, Webster, Weslborough, and West Boylston towns in Worcester County  Michigan Detroit............................................................. Saginaw-Bay City-Midland.......................... Upper Peninsula............................................  PMSA MSA ESA  Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Monroe, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties Bay, Midland, and Saginaw Counties Alger, Baraga, Chippewa, Delta, Dickinson, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Luce, Marquette, Mackinac, Menominee, Ontonagon, and Schoolcraft Counties  Minnesota Duluth............................................................. Minneapolis-St. Paul.....................................  MSA MSA  St. Cloud........................................................  MSA  St. Louis County, MN; Douglas County, Wl Anoka, Carver, Chisago, Dakota, Hennepin, Isanti, Ramsey, Scott, Washington, and Wright Counties, MN; St. Croix County, Wl Benton, Sherburne, and Steams Counties   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) area definitions (continued)  Definition  State and area Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula...................... Columbus...................................................... Jackson........................................................  2 MSA's ESA MSA  Missouri Kansas City..................................................  MSA  Southern Missouri.........................................  ESA  St. Louis.  MSA  Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson Counties Lowndes County Hinds, Madison, and Rankin Counties Johnson, Leavenworth, Miami, and Wyandotte Counties, KS; Cass, Clay, Jackson, Lafayette, Platte, and Ray Counties, MO Barry, Barton, Benton, Bollinger, Butler, Camden, Cape Girardeau, Carter, Cedar, Christian, Dade, Dallas, Dent, Douglas, Dunklin, Greene, Hickory, Howell, Iron, Jasper, Laclede, Lawrence, Madison, Maries, McDonald, Miller, Mississippi, Moniteau, Morgan, New Madrid, Newton, Oregaon, Ozark, Pemiscot, Perry, Phelps, Polk, Pulaski, Reynolds, Ripley, Scott, Shannon, St Clair, Stoddard, Stone, Taney, Texas, Vernon, Wayne, Webster, and Wright Counties Clinton, Jersey, Madison, Monroe, and St. Clair Counties, IL; St. Louis city, and Franklin, Jefferson, St. Charles, and St. Louis Counties, MO  Montana Billings............................................................  MSA  Yellowstone County  Nebraska Dodge County.............................................. Omaha............................................................ Scotts Bluff County....................................  NMET MSA NMET  Dodge County Douglas, Sarpy, and Washington Counties, NE; Pottawattamie County, IA Scotts Bluff County  Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah.....................................  ESA  Clark and Nye Counties  New Hampshire Carroll County..............................  NMET  Carroll County  New Jersey Atlantic City.................................................. Bergen-Passaic............................................ Monmouth-Ocean......................................... Newark..........................................................  MSA PMSA PMSA PMSA  Atlantic and Cape May Counties Bergen and Passaic Counties Monmouth and Ocean Counties Essex, Morris, Sussex, and Union Counties  New Mexico San Juan County...........................................  NMET  San Juan County  New York Binghamton..................................................... Delaware County......................................... Elmira............................................................. Nassau-Suffolk ................. New York ................................................  MSA NMET MSA PMSA PMSA  Broome and Tioga Counties Delaware County Chemung County Nassau and Suffolk Counties Bronx, Kings, New York, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, and Westchester Counties  MSA MSA  Dutchess County Livingston, Monroe, Ontario, Orleans, and Wayne Counties  2 MSA's MSA  Herkimer, Madison, Oneida, Onondaga, and Oswego Counties Herkimer and Oneida Counties  Poughkeepsie............................................... Rochester .........................................  ZZZZ11...  Syracuse and Utica-tome Utica-Rome.....................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  30  Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) area definitions (continued)  State and area  Area type1  Definition  North Carolina Goldsboro...................................................... Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point...  ESA MSA  Wayne County Davidson, Davie, Forsyth, Guilford, Randolph, Stokes, and Yadkin Counties  Ohio Cincinnati........................................................  PMSA  Cleveland....................................................... Columbus....................................................... Lorain-Elyria.................................................. Sandusky...................................................... Scioto County............................................... Toledo...........................................................  PMSA MSA PMSA ESA NMET MSA  Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren Counties, OH; Boone, Campbell, and Kenton Counties, KY; Dearborn County, IN Cuyahoga, Geauga, Lake, and Medina Counties Delaware, Fairfield, Franklin, Licking, Madison, Pickaway, and Union Counties Lorain County Erie County Scioto County Fulton, Lucas, and Wood Counties  Oklahoma Pittsburg County..........................................  NMET  Pittsburg County  Oregon Portland........................................................ Salem...........................................................  PMSA MSA  Clackamas, Multnomah, Washington, and Yamhill Counties Marion and Polk Counties  Pennsylvania Philadelphia...................................................  PMSA  Pittsburgh...................................................... Reading......................................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre.................................  PMSA MSA MSA  Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties, PA; Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester Counties, NJ Allegheny, Fayette, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties Berks County Columbia, Lackawanna, Luzerne, Monroe, and Wyoming Counties  Rhode Island Providence....................................................  PMSA  Barrington, Bristol, and Warren towns in Bristol County; Warwick city, and Coventry, East Greenwich, and West Warwick towns in Kent County; Jamestown town in Newport County; Cranston, East Providence, and Providence cities and Foster, Glocester, Johnston, North Providence, and Scituate towns in Providence County; Exeter, Narragansett, North Kingston, Richmond, and South Kingstown towns in Washington County  South Carolina Beaufort County........................................... Charleston.................................................... Columbia-Sumter......................................... Florence....................................................... Greenville-Spartanburg................................ Greenwood County........................................  NMET MSA ESA MSA MSA NMET  Beaufort County Berkeley, Charleston, and Dorchester Counties Lexington, Richland, and Sumter Counties Florence County Greenville, Pickens, and Spartanburg Counties Greenwood County  Tennessee Chattanooga.................................................. Clarksville-Hopkinsville................................. Dyer County.................................................... Memphis...................................................... Nashville.......................................................  MSA MSA NMET MSA MSA  Hamilton, Marion, and Sequatchie Counties, TN; Catoosa, Dade, and Walker Counties, GA Montgomery County, TN and Christian County KY Dyer County Shelby and Tipton Counties, TN; Crittenden County, AR, and DeSoto County, MS Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Robertson, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson, and Wilson Counties   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  31  Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) area definitions (continued)  State and area Texas Abilene........................ Corpus Christi............ Dallas......................... Houston...................... Longview-Marshall.... Nacogdoches County, Northwest Texas.......  Rio Grande Valley........................................ San Angelo.................................................. San Antonio.................................................. Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus..........................  Area, type1  MSA MSA PMSA PMSA MSA NMET ESA  ESA MSA MSA ESA  Definition  Taylor County Nueces and San Patricio Counties Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Kaufman, and Rockwall Counties Fort Bend, Harris, Liberty, Montgomery, and Waller Counties Gregg and Harrison Counties Nacogdoches County Andrews, Armstrong, Bailey, Borden, Briscoe, Brown, Callahan, Carson, Castro, Childress, Cochran, Coke, Coleman, Collingsworth, Comanche, Concho, Cottle, Crosby, Dallam, Dawson, Deaf Smith, Dickens, Donley, Eastland, Ector, Fisher, Floyd, Foard, Gaines, Garza, Glasscock,Gray, Hale, Hall, Hansford, Hardeman, Hartley, Haskell, Hemphill, Hockley, Howard, Hutchinson, Jones, Kent, King, Knox, Lamb, Lipscomb, Lubbock, Lynn, Martin, McCulloch, Midland, Mitchell, Moore, Motley, Nolan, Ochiltree, Oldham, Parmer, Potter, Randall, Roberts, Runnels, Scurry, Shackelford, Sherman, Stephens, Sterling, Stonewall, Swisher, Taylor, Terry, Throckmorton, Wheeler, Yoakum, and Young Counties Cameron, Hidalgo, Starr, Webb, and Zapata Counties Tom Green County Bexar, Comal, and Guadalupe Counties Archer, Baylor, Clay, Wichita, and Wilbarger Counties, TX; and Comanche, Cotton, Greer, Harmon, Jackson, Kiowa, and Tillman Counties, OK  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden.................................  MSA  Davis, Salt Lake, and Weber Counties  Vermont Burlington.....................................................  MSA  Burlington, South Burlington, and Winooski cities, and Charlotte, Colchester, Essex, Hinesburg, Jericho, Milton, Richmond, St. George, Shelburne, and Williston towns in Chittenden County; Georgia town in Franklin County; and Grand Isle and South Hero towns in Grand Isle County  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News......  MSA  Richmond-Petersburg.................................  MSA  Chesapeake, Hampton, Newport News, Norfolk, Poquoson, Portsmouth, Suffolk, Virginia Beach and Williamsburg cities, and Gloucester, James City, and York Counties Colonial Heights, Hopewell, Petersburg, and Richmond cities, and Charles City, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Goochland, Hanover, Henrico, New Kent, Powhatan, and Prince George Counties  Washington Bremerton-Shelton..................................... Seattle.........................................................  ESA PMSA  Kitsap and Mason Counties King and Snohomish Counties  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah.......................... Green Bay..................................................... Madison......................................................... Manitowoc County.......................................... Milwaukee.....................................................  MSA MSA MSA NMET PMSA  Calumet, Outagamie, and Winnebago Counties Brown County Dane County Manitowoc County Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Washington, and Waukesha Counties  Wyoming Cheyenne...................................................... Sweetwater County....................................  ESA NMET  Laramie County Sweetwater County  1 Area designations are defined as: metropolian statistical areas (MSA) and primary metropolitan statistical areas (PMSA), as defined by the Office of Management and Budget, 1984; nonmetropolitan counties (NMET); and additional areas surveyed for the Employment Standards Administration (ESA) for use in administering the Service Contract Act. Some MSA's and PMSA's cross State lines; in these instances, the area is listed under the State where the central city is located.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  32  Part III: Locality Pay, 1992 Introduction  The Bureau of Labor Statistics published 160 area bulletins and summaries in its 1992 Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP). In addition to pay  Tables B-l through B-15 show all OCSP areas which published estimates for a specific broad industry division. Some areas may not appear on each table, however, because industrial coverage varied among survey areas. Among the  averages (means), each area publication presented other pay data such as medians, interquartile ranges, and actual percentile distributions of pay, by occupation. The  areas included on a particular table, the extent of industrial coverage may have varied, also. See Appendix table 1 (pages 122-124), for details about industrial  following tables summarize previously-published pay averages from all survey areas with a 1992 month of reference.  coverage. Straight time weekly pay for white-collar workers relates to regular average  Pay  (mean) straight time salaries that are paid for standard work weeks.  Tables B-l through B-15 present straight time average weekly pay by locality for professional and administrative occupations, technical and protective service jobs, and clerical occupations. The tables also list straight time average hourly pay for maintenance and toolroom jobs, and material movement and custodial  Appendixes Appendix III-A describes the concept, methods, and coverage used in the OCSP. Appendix III-B includes the descriptions used by the Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  occupations. Data in tables B-l through B-5 present all-industry pay averages. Tables B-6 through B-10 provide private industry pay data, and B-l 1 through B-15 show State  Part II: Pay Comparisons appendix II-B provides OCSP area definitions.  and local government averages.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  33  Table B-1. Average weekly pay’ in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 Professional  II  i  III  IV  V  VI  I  II  III  Engin eers  Attorneys  Accountants, Public  Accountants  State, area, and reference month  IV  I  Ill  II  IV  V  VI  I  Ill  II  IV  V  VI  Alabama  Arizona  .  _  VII  VIII  .  .  _  _  .  _  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock  California Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February)............................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)......  .  $553  $773  $949  605  736  939  $1,248 $1,585  $553  $600  $1,796  $720 $1,012 -  467 611 San Luis Obispo County (October) ......  $628  595 610  726 750 756  927 986 _  1,155 1,259 _ -  -  554  481  582  760  937  1,151  581  714  965  _  -  _ _ _  Colorado  1,026  639  745  _ -  _ -  -  “  518  576  659  852  _  _  _  -  601 540  -  $1,109 -  $1,305 1,296 1,344 :  1,657  -  -  1,491 1,587 $1,813 $1,937 — —  $768  637  746  855  1,011  1,204  1,395  637 646  744 775  833 871  992 1,066  1,151 1,301  1,356 1,519  -  731  -  -  _  _  _  917  1,135  1,493  -  —  $895 $1,076 $1,260 $1,466  $680  -  -  -  -  -  “  — ~  -  -  -  654  767  899  1,099  1,334  1,567  1,726  .  _  595  -  818  1,007  -  -  “  ~  .  _  Delaware District of Columbia 484  586  717  901  _  _  _ _  1,203  547  590  677  826  $670  887  1,172  1,496  1,909  1,801 1,766  -  Connecticut _  $1,673 $1,989  612  708  839  1,439  1,652  1,022  1,237  -  — —  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  Rorida  _  _ _  759  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  903  -  _  _  -  -  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) ................................................... Georgia 477  558  685  920  _  _  742 694  _  1,121 _  _  532  578  666  -  -  -  Illinois 504  605 577  960  1,193 _  1,574 -  569  583  _  _  635 -  921  968 -  1,005  693 -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  34  -  -  _  1,162 -  1,219 -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  1,556  2,015  592  684  807  978  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  668  766  858  -  -  -  -  -  1,553 -  1,059 —  1,204  1,459  —  ~  ~ 1,270 -  -  1,475 ~  1,701 “  _ —  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Budget Analysts I  II  III  Buyers/Contracting Specialists IV  i  II  III  IV  Computer Programmers 1  II  III  Computer Systems Analysts  IV  V  I  -  —  II  III  IV  V  Alabama $489  $576  $692  558  684  460  518  667  584  625 628 671  741 760 732 727 683 691 768 793 771 644  $888 942 888 891  —  —  602  724  838  641 497  692 676  867  629  712  —  590  678  817  567 593  665 709 721  471  577  422  $751  $920  $1,176  -  840  995  1,072  -  _  754  901  782 754 816 722 674 746 ~ 710  1,031 1,047 1,108 979 943 991 1,049 1,046  -  907 912 936 864 858 870 917 857 850 794  —  —  —  ~  713  835  985  -  -  ~ —  -  806 840  969 —  —  —  795  862  -  —  —  676  817  977  1,159  $1,296  “ 712  821 860  1,004  -  680  797  988  1,118  Arizona  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) .........................................  —  -  ~  $665  -  -  1,179 1,263 1,269  :  California Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ...........................  San Jose (August)................................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ......  -  $640  -  -  $817 -  $929 -  774 -  -  -  -  $564  $635  $801  499  613  815  497 517  622 671  760 846  456  628  -  $942 -  -  1,075 -  -  578 610 648 693 665  — — 850  -  ~ — -  1,062 1,124 1,230 1,247  _ -  Colorado 800  497  622  505  Connecticut 626 Delaware  District of Columbia Washington (February).........................  614  730  912  500  603  530  $971  Florida  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater  —  ~  648  828  ”  546 572  639 580  780  932  694  834  968  ~  ~  —  —  —  —  612  705  828  —  736  878  1,015  1,175  -  "  —  ■~  -  “  Georgia  Atlanta (April).................................  568  715  467  900  ~ —  Illinois  Chicago (May).......................................  588  760  489  610 642  1,035  ~ I  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  35  534  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Specialists  II  i  II  III  i  II  III  IV  V  i  -  -  -  ~  —  ~  —  —  ■  -  -  ~  ~  -  —  —  ■  -  -  -  _  -  ~  ~  —  —  -  — $1,158  — $1,314  — $1,586  — $1,010  ~ $1,309  — 1,231  1,366  -  -  III  Tax Collector s III  II  I  Alabama  Huntsville (January).............................. Arizona  Phoenix (May)....................................... Arkansas  Little Rock*North Little Rock (November) ......................................... California  Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)............. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) ............................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ........................... San Diego (November)......................... San Francisco (April)............................. San Jose (August)................................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ...... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May)............  — — -  $623  — $756  — $1,003  — $1,187  585  721  — 899  — 568 675 497  — 724 745 757  924 996  — 1,138 1,274  “  —  —  ~  —  $608 ~  —  -  — —  — $536  “ $706  —  -  -  -  513  — “ 677  —  -_  —  ~ “ 1,356  _ -  — — ■  — ~ _  ~  $748 713 — 750 764  ~  Colorado  Denver (November)..............................  1,021  1,168  -  483  571  744  931  —  —  1,292  -  —  —  -  621  761  923  ~  -  “  —  —  ~  —  ■  —  ■  ~  —  —  446  514  690  ~  ——  Connecticut  Danbury (February).............................. New Britain (February)..........................  —  Delaware  Wilmington (December)........................  —  -  District of Columbia  Washington (February)........................  1,099  1,195  1,389  -  557  732  915  1,105  -  -  -  -  669  — -  -  “  —  -  -  ■  -  -  990  1,222  ~  Florida  Bradenton (April) ................................... Miami-Hialeah (December) .................. Monroe County (September)................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)...................................................  -  —  -  —  _  —  “  —  -  —  —  Georgia  Atlanta (April)......................................... Augusta (June)......................................  1,011  1,213  -  -  551  704  ~  -  606 472  733  890 —  1,088  973  —  ■  -  1,063  _  Illinois  Chicago (May)....................................... Vermilion County (November)..............  1,105  1,324  1,612  -  “  —  514  —  —  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  36  942  1,295  -  $1,654  ” —  —  563  “  390  ~  729  Table 8-1. Average weekly pay1 in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Professional State, area, and reference month  Acco untants I  li  III  IV  Accountants, Public V  VI  1  II  III  Attorneys IV  I  II  Engineers  III  IV  V  VI  —  — — “  ~ ~ —  “ -  _  _  _  I  II  III  IV  V  VI  VII  VIII  ~  -  "  —  -  '  '  —  "  “  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October) .................... $454  $525  $661  426  542  680  Gary-Hammond (December)................ South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  $826 $1,032 879  $864 $1,125 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $608  $653  $817  751  830  $970 $1,228 $1,329 984 — ~  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline  Kentucky Louisville (September)........................... Louisiana New Orleans (July)................................ Maine 479 Maryland Baltimore (May)................................ Cumberland (December)......................  495  572  696 714  850  715 702  908 882  760 764  965  1,181  $549  $591  $671  $804  886  1,135 $1,363  —  1,254  “  “  -  "  -  “  699  837  1,044  1,278  1,453  1,656 $2,091 ~ —  -  604 596  705 742  839 871  1,019 1,057  1,285 1,224  1,598 $1,814 $2,225 1,415 1,765 "  1,465  — “  685  743 731  875 862  1,043  1,288  1,511  -  -  -  —  ~  Massachusetts 470 Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .............. Worcester (August) ...............................  567 576  $1,578  OOo  773  ~  —  Michigan 477 Van Buren County (November)............  801  975  1,190 ~  —  ~  —  —  ~  1,862  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  -  -  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ '  Mississippi  Jackson (December)............................. '  —  Missouri  Kansas City (August)............................. St. Louis (March)...................................  479  564  719  902  1,197  521  737  $712  935  1,177  1,491  ~  -  641  705  839  990  1,204  1,398 '  Montana  -  -  —  —  Billings (August) .................................... "  New Hampshire  Carroll County (October).......................  571  — See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37  —  -  —  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative  1  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October).............. . Evansville (February) ........................ Gary-Hammond (December)............ Indianapolis (July) ............................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September)  _ _ _ -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January).........................................  II  $479  II  Ill  IV  I  _  _  _  _  Ill  IV  $734  $957  -  -  597  815  -  I  Ill  II  $495 501 463  $546 572 -  $651 645 732 646 685  IV  V  $853  -  767  -  II  1  $609 576 787 655 631  $788 771 857 783 770  III  IV  V  $1,065 948  -  -  _  _  -  _ “  _  ”  —  “  —  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  456  560  -  -  -  679  -  -  -  -  Kentucky Louisville (September).......................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  529  620  -  -  -  773  969  -  -  Louisiana New Orleans (July)............................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  537  603  -  -  -  788  1,005  -  -  Maine Oxford County (October)..................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Maryland Baltimore (May)................................. Cumberland (December)..................  504  591  746  879  _  678  820  989  $1,055  -  -  -  -  -  -  590 “  831  -  _ “  673  -  “  ~  ~  Massachusetts Boston (May).................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .......... Worcester (August) ............... ..........  547  709  519 _  _  646 632  777 752  938 993  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  704 700 642  -  -  671 665 642  829 872 801  992 1,075 958  1,124 1,129 1,129  $1,379  _ -  Michigan Detroit (December)............................ Van Buren County (November)....... .  664  664  869  1,002  1,184  -  -  -  -  “  1,056 “  823  -  790 “  538  -  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ....... St. Cloud (April)................................  929  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Mississippi Jackson (December)........................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Missouri Kansas City (August)....................... St. Louis (March)..............................  -  -  -  Montana Billings (August) ...............................  -  -  -  New Hampshire Carroll County (October)..................  -  -  -  _ 540  574  $717  _  $585  Compute Systems Analysts  Computer Programmers  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  Budget Analysts  State, area, and reference month  $454  497  589  808  -  _  —  510  620  731  864  _  688  —  —  —  —  ~  "  492 -  572 586  665 -  769 -  -  682 669  816 761  ~  1,116 “  _  -  -  444  486  579  -  -  558  654  -  -  -  1,214 1,102  —  479  616  792  926  -  -  -  -  488 480  595 586  699 680  800 771  _ ”  711 661  818 806  956 950  -  -  -  -  -  -  480  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $879  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  '  548 581  38  _  '   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers I  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October) ..................... Evansville (February) ............................ Gary-Hammond (December)................. Indianapolis (July) ................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  $963  II  III  _ $1,121  -  -  -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January).............................................  -  “  Kentucky Louisville (September)...........................  -  -  Louisiana New Orleans (July)................................ Maine Oxford County (October)....................... Maryland Baltimore (May)..................................... Cumberland (December)....................... Massachusetts Boston (May)......................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) ............... Worcester (August) ...............................  i  _ $420  II  Ill  _ $484 —  IV  _ $633  _ $814 _ 927  -  -  II  Ill  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  560  701  903  -  -  -  _ -  _  -  -  _ -  $1,589  _ -  585 569  738 705  973 904  1,241  $1,520  -  -  -  1,164 _ -  _  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  1,302  $1,033  1,200  1,636  _ -  489  1,103  1,282 — -  -  -  ~  -  684 466  -  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ St. Cloud (April).....................................  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  Mississippi Jackson (December) .............................  -  -  -  -  -  New Hampshire Carroll County (October) .......................  $1,116  I  595  -  Montana Billings (August) ....................................  _ _ _  _  $1,182  Ill  -  1,207  1,089  II  -  Michigan Detroit (December)................................ Van Buren County (November)............  Missouri Kansas City (August)............................. St. Louis (March)...................................  I  _ _ -  1,109 “  -  V  Tax Collectors  _ 703  -  -  Personnel Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Specialists  1,255  773  1,019 1,049  1,106  _ _  $431  $511 -  $531  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,113  _  314  468  549  711  908  -  - -  480  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  ”  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.  39  -  Table B-1. Average weekly pay’ in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Professional  I  Engineers  Attorneys  Accountants, Public  Accountants  State, area, and reference month II  III  IV  V  VI  i  II  Ill  IV  i  II  Ill  IV  V  VI  i  II  III  IV  V  VI  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ -  _  -  -  -  -  -  — -  -  -  -  — —  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  $1,126  _  _  VII  VIII  New Jersey  New Mexico $978  $619  $778  495 643 592  765 748  991 _ 975 $1,283  _  _  _  549 552  692 686  877 891  -  -  ~  -  New York $488 496  _ _  _ $658  $721 787  $953 1,122  _ _ _ _  _ $585 _ _  _ _  _ -  _ -  545  575 577  634 653  736 889  _ _  _ _  _ -  $759 $1,001 896 $1,172 _ -  _ _ $1,450 1,693 $2,125 $2,662 -  -  -  -  1,142  _ -  -  -  — -  _  -  -  -  -  874  1,155  1,449  -  1,127  -  -  Ohio 467 484  1,253 1,065  _ $655 672  _  $775 775  -  -  _ $867 1,011 -  _ _ _ 1,063 $1,194 $1,453 $1,700 1,306 1,593 1,125 “ - • -  —  -  636 630  743 713  813 827  967  -  -  -  —  -  -  -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ 805  _ 968  _ -  _ -  _ -  653  740  891  1,026  “  -  —  734  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ 648  -  -  -  541  607 676  -  _  _  _  _ _ _  533  644  _  _  _  _  _  _  569  720  953  1,216  534  896  868  _ _ -  _ _ -  627 _ -  671  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  _ 922  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  _  -  -  928 -  1,123  559 545  604 592  658 662  905 959  977  932 1,109  1,306 1,364  1,701 1,766  2,108 1,957  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ “  -  -  :  -  .  1,125  1,374  Oregon  Pennsylvania 478  Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) .....  _ -  540  683  -  -  1,285  1,475  1,533  703  1,703 -  _ 1,090  _ -  _ -  _ -  844 997 1,014 -  1,238  -  -  -  1,009 1,040  1,230 1,257  _ 764  _ 967  518  655  -  693 824 -  634 683  709 747  829 869  -  -  -  573  731  821  1,030  1,283  611  696  831  1,017  1,198  _  _  _  Tennessee 444  548  691  Texas 959 998  540 522  592 600  747 765  440  521  709  939  468  560  700  907  594  693  886  _  Nacogdoches County (September)......  1,272 $1,613 1,297 1,832 _ -  _ -  -  -  1,068  — —  _  Utah 1,152  '  -  -  _  —  1,486 1,473  1,663 $1,985 1,762 2,116  -  -  _  -  1,415  1,677  Vermont _  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  40  _  _  -  — -  1,185  South Carolina 478 505  -  -  —  —  — ” -  _  _  _  -  -  .  -  Table B-1. Average weekly pay’ in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April) .................... Monmouth-Ocean (August)............. Newark (February) ........................ New Mexico San Juan County (September)....... New York Delaware County (September)........ Nassau-Suffolk (December)........... New York (April) .............................. Poughkeepsie (August)................... Rochester (November).................... Ohio Cincinnati (March)............................ Cleveland (August)........................... Columbus (November)..................... Scioto County (December)............... Oregon Portland (May).................................. Salem (July) ..................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November).................. Pittsburgh (January)......................... Reading (May).................................. Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) . South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .......... Greenwood County (October)........... Tennessee Chattanooga (September)................ Dyer County (October)..................... Memphis (October)............................ Nashville (February).......................... Texas Dallas (November) ............................ Houston (March)................................ Longview-Marshall (June) ................. Nacogdoches County (September) ... San Antonio (July)............................. Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)............. Vermont Burlington (August)............................  Budget Analysts  •  .  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  I  II  III  IV  I  II  III  IV  I  “  ~  ~  -  -  -  -  '  -  -  -  -  — ~  -  $655 —  _  $758 ~  _  $917 ~  -  -  -  _  -  561  -  —  —  “  -  -  — —  -  -  617 —  “  -  -  -  —  —  “  -  756 — ~  -  -  -  -  -  _  $497 537 -  -  _  $635 641 -  -  _  $802 840 -  589  ~ -  ~ ~ -  -  -  -  -  711 782 “ -  —  $506 541  524 485 538  594 551 588  666 663 688  _  —  -  -  '  —  —  —  _ —  _  ”  577 517  “  625 552 575 510  708 690 661 669  _  _  _  579  _  497  624  805  1,028  541  621  -  -  —  —  468 397  _  -  372  —  — 458  _  —  877 884  807 732  _  _  _  483  _  "  —  —  ~  —  ~  532 606  698  _  _  _  624  815  '  — 501 410  —  690 593  949 1,001  519 588  579 658  487 505  602 632  800 837  — 435  — 557 561  -  740  ~  -  765  800 761 869 ~  700 769  854 869 -  1  $705 672 721  II  $834 886 808  -  -  -  _  748 751  $1,036  978  -  -  858 855 869 803  1,001 1,022  1,171 1,198  1,395 1,080 1,118  675 622  805 722  938 950  778 617 743  989 892 972  -  859 775 832 766  “  -  -  671 558  839 704  988 872  826 932 758  981 1,119  _  _  _  — -  -  462  547  656  -  _  _  -  -  700 736  1,196  “  _  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  —  —  -  _ _  -  839  _ _  _  -  -  -  1,014 935 928 -  -  -  -  811 770 812 ~  688 656 641  -  835 896  _  -  ~  -  _  1,107  _ _  -  711  $1,072  _  -  -  _  V  -  738  -  $982  IV  -  -  “  -  III  _  -  655  _  563 491  -  848  641 622  596 598  967  -  -  583  V  $888  -  -  Computer Systems Analysts  IV  -  -  —  1,103  $727 718 689  —  887  -  $590 554 600  III  774 750 725 638  -  -  II  477 460  ” -  _  $958 1,062 "  962  _  _ _  _  -  -  1,197 1,400 _  _  _  _  653  768  1,008  1,187  -  731  823  462  561  758  -  495  606  714  851  -  689  823  998  -  -  -  -  -  561  -  -  -  582  602  -  -  -  773  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer Programmers  41   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Specialists  I  II  Ill  i  II  III  IV  V  -  -  ~  — ~  ~ -  — “  —  -  -  ■  -  -  _  —  —  — -  $1,330 1,306  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  -  “  “  —  490  592 573  700 705  930 902  1,262 1,128  ~  — —  736  813  ■  —  546  742  — 853  I  Tax Collectors  III  II  II  I  III  New Jersey  Bergen-Passaic (April) .......................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).................. Newark (February) ................................  —  ~  “ ~  “  New Mexico  San Juan County (September).............  $806  ■  New York  Delaware County (September)............. Nassau-Suffolk (December)................. New York (April) .................................... Poughkeepsie (August)......................... Rochester (November)..........................  $1,608  -  — $500  $483 611 629  -  738 743  -  —  $993 975 -  —  $1,232  —  $1,026  —  -  $1,409  -  $1,755  —  $503  -  _  —  “  -  -  ” —  -  “ -  “ -  ~  ~  ~ -  “ “  ~  “  $1,037  1,185 1,225  “  “  —  “  -  — _  —  $701  ~  Ohio  Cincinnati (March)................................. Cleveland (August)................................ Columbus (November) .......................... Scioto County (December)...................  $546 553  “  ——  625 585  “  Oregon  Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) .......................................... Pennsylvania  Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January).............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) .....  1,080  1,258  -  499  566  710  924  1,190  -  567  725  942  1,078  698  861  “ -  531  648 677  906  “  “  "  “  -  —  ~  —  Beaufort County (September) .............. Greenwood County (October) ..............  -  _  -  “  —  Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Dyer County (October) ......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February)..............................  “  -  -  —  504  ~  — “  ~  —  “  ~  —  ~  —  —  -  513 ”  South Carolina ~  —  -  ~  Texas  Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Longview-Marshall (June) .................... Nacogdoches County (September)...... San Antonio (July).................................  999 1,108  1,224 1,292  1,507  -  -  “  952  -  -  -  -  ~  ~  1,287 1,377  1,021 989  513  567 619  732 760  925 1,004  ~  496  671  ~ 936  — —  ■  420  502  689  933  -  —  "  529  672  900  ~  “  1,203 1,287  1,683 1,679  —  —  —  "  —  -  — ”  _  "  405  456  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)................. Vermont  Burlington (August)................................  See footnotes at end of table.  42  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Professional State, area, and reference month  Accou ntants I  II  III  IV  Accountants, Public V  VI  i  II  Ill  -  -  -  -  -  Attorneys IV  i  II  -  -  Ill  IV  Engineers V  VI  -  -  1  II  III  IV  V  VI  VII  VIII  -  -  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News $478  $552  $671  $943  Richmond-Petersburg (July).................  $915  $1,088 $1,508  $636  $717  $830  $986 $1,216 $1,592  Washington 502  567  723  933 $1,268  $481  $526  $621  808  1,227  1,515  631  738  874  1,057  1,271  ~  —  ~  713  798  974  1,100  ~  —  ~  757  843  1,038  1,144  ~  -  -  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... 533 Wyoming Sweetwater County (September).........  -  636  791  1,001  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  43  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table B-1. Average weekly pay1 in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative i, and reference month  Budget Analysts  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  Computer Programmers  Computer Systems Analysts  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July)..............  $1,235  Washington  Seattle (December) Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) Manitowoc (December) ................ Milwaukee (October) ..................... Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September)  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  44  Table B-1. Average weekly pay' in all industries, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers i  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July)................. Washington Seattle (December) ............................... Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Manitowoc (December) ......................... Milwaukee (October) ............................. Wyoming Sweetwater County (September).........  II  Ill  I  -  -  “  -  $1,381  -  _  $987 1,059  II  Ill  $569  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $660  IV  569  722  Tax Collectors  V  I  II  Ill  I  -  -  -  -  -  _  $1,033  $1,311  _  _  _  _  $920  926  II  Ill  $481 -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  727  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.  appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for the following occupational levels did not meet publication criteria in any area: Budget Analyst Supervisors I, Buyers/Contracting Specialists V, Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers IV, and Personnel Specialists VI. In addition, for 2 occupations, only a single area published average pay data: Budget Analyst Supervisors II averaged $892 in Indianapolis, IN; and Personnel Supervisors/Managers IV averaged $2,108 in Chicago, IL.  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Personnel Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Specialists  45  Table B-2. Average weekly pay1 in all industries, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 Protective service  Technical  I  II  III  IV  $361  $457  _  $325  393  463  280  362  412  352 432  469 477 462 406 467 435 468 481 456 413  558 562 551 557 543 538 562 571 _  _  _  429  435  538  572  368  383 407  530 490  _  428  547  419  493  384 457  502 516  I  II  III  IV  _  Alabama _  Engineering Technicians, Civil  Engineering Technicians  Drafters  Computer Operators  State, area, and reference month  $335  $438  $500  359  427  516  _  _  431  542  621 643 611  _ 407  509 565 529 453 545 489 624 517  644 573 661 616 678 592 673 641 615  1  $356  II  $409  Corrections Officers  III  IV  V  VI  I  II  III  IV  V  $467  $552  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  Police Officers, FireI  II  —  —  —  Arizona $554  $686  369  —  567  683  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  771  — _ _  531 526  614 651 616  723 724 755 659  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock  California Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Riverside-San Bernardino (August)......  San Luis Obispo County (October) ......  _ 391  _  592 649 641  $848 831  $1,009  — $553  — — $514  732 739  _  445  512  - . _ 573 601 604  _ 840  — — _ _ 962  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — 460 — _ _ -  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  479  591  _  —  487  604  703  790  —  —  445  507 510  586 620  _  _  _  —  —  _  717 691  —  _  577 642  _  _  781  _  _  _  539  652  _  _  _  _  758  —  —  —  —  335  449  561  700  354  289 421  439 485  _  _ _  _ _ _ _ _  757 807  _  _ _ 481 _  _ 658 716 735  — _ 809  — 553 _ _ 507  — — $777  — $836  — $857  — 727  — 776  895  — 671  -  — 771  — 689 801  — 778 805  628  699  — 858  —  —  —  —  —  —  705  —  —  —  694  —  —  — $761  — $886  — $1,021  — 644 — 670 722  — 760  — 814  — 766 816  —  588  885  —  Colorado 356  565  — — $853  —  Connecticut —  595  —  —  —  725  _  -  -  —  —  —  —  660  — -  -  Delaware _  _  —  District of Columbia 370  556  —  _  _ -  -  445  —  —  —  _  -  -  —  —  —  _  _  -  —  _  _  _  _  _  _  —  —  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  420  _  _  493  548  677  —  —  —  —  474  592  335  419  515  587  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  712  861  —  —  —  _  _  _  _  _  —  —  -  -  -  —  _  832  -  —  -  —  649  —  —  709  549  780  626  629  459  —  589  526  513  418  396  —  Florida  _  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater 310  384  465  336  454 335  522  426 320  517  _  370  481  578  370  478 437  574  466  604  515 —  Georgia 640  683 _  852  383  478 — 464  618  416  760  —  475  _  _  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  46  572 i  _  546 497  —  609 —  486  -  -  -  —  718 530  -  Illinois 375  572  558  832  Table B-2. Average weekly pay1 in all industries, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Technical State, area, and reference month  Computer Operators I  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October).................... Evansville (February) ............................ Gary-Hammond (December)................ Indianapolis (July) ................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  II  III  Drafters IV  I  $514 475 602 464  -  $404 334 407 391 351  -  -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) .............................................  -■  401  520  -  -  Kentucky Louisville (September)...........................  302  405  458  -  Louisiana New Orleans (July)................................  -  363  464  Maine Oxford County (October)......................  -  -  459  Maryland Baltimore (May)..................................... Cumberland (December)......................  341  418  491  -  -  -  Massachusetts Boston (May) ......................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .............. Worcester (August) ...............................  362 -  424 412 393  513 546 490  Michigan Detroit (December)................................ Van Buren County (November)............ Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ St. Cloud (April).....................................  $330 345  364  $423 446 464 435 432  Engineering Technicians  Ill  $553 555 — 564  IV  I  II  $660  — -  -  -  -  431  -  -  -  321  456  “  ~  -  -  455  -  “  -  -  “  357 -  454 -  -  509  647 553 620  $540  643 -  $362  II  -  491  Protective service  729  III  $526 555 544  Engineering Technicians, Civil  IV  V  VI  $675  -  -  684  I  $275  II  $357  III  $448 -  IV  V  $613 -  -  ~  -  -  Corrections fighters Officers  $367  $495  $576  570 -  482 -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  “  -  582  605 -  -  -  -  696  -  -  578  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  565  700  583  414  525  633  -  -  -  336  ~  654 -  693  -  -  $445  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  501 495 461  674 746 640  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  570  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  811  -  837  419  542  692  367  480  -  -  -  -  ~  342 -  409 374  491 475  625 -  376 365  444 -  542 522  694 -  -  388  380  -  -  446  -  327  402 417  524 505  630 562  397 418  445 457  -  375  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  —  —  573  519  659  744  -  -  -  -  477 -  562 -  661 -  -  -  “  -  549 591  695 711  -  472 468  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  -  —  —  -  797  “  “  $682  II  ~ 574 -  “  -  1  $486  -  $860  Police Officers,  507 406  521  -  609 623  -  -  622 593 -  -  -  -  404  493  608  681  752  -  -  -  -  -  -  543 515  644 477  672 633  — -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  551 546  697 717  805  -  323  390  493  596  731  393  564  575  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  345  580  460  -  ~  -  -  -  “  “  “  “  —  582  468  -  -  Mississippi  Jackson (December) ............................. Missouri  Kansas City (August)............................. St. Louis (March)...................................  572 -  Montana  Billings (August) .................................... Nebraska  Dodge County (August)......................... New Hampshire  Carroll County (October) ......................  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  47  -  Table B-2. Average weekly pay in all industries, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Protective service  Technical Computer Operators  State, area, and reference month  II  I  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April) .......................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).................. Newark (February) ................................ New Mexico San Juan County (September).............  $387 -  $455 446 432  III  IV  $522 535 535  $663 653  503  -  503  660 645 -  409 434 450  550 563 543  -  364 362 387 -  -  -  -  -  -  495 -  -  “  429 414 416 385  522 495 475 473  621 -  404  379  -  — — —  “  — —  -  -  —  ~  ~  ~  -  377 779 662  713 _  618 884 725 -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  ~  “  436 422  550 -  -  “  “  630  —  — _  —  “  579 628 542 549  731 701  379  477 501 415 426  -  -  -  “  416 -  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  ~  ”  -  463  507 487  — ~  -  — -  ~  — -  224 217 235  338  ~  -  —  563 642  683 853  434  492 505  535 641  783  897  — $1,075  331 307  384 412  490 522  544 700  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  320  371  422  558 510  -  364  425  —  ~  ”  ~  687  432 447  349 -  355  443  393 381  500 447  599  412  501 496  571 644  444  470  -  -  392  -  545  576  361  430  563  -  436 419  464 521 435  549  538  583 534 -  691 -  “  -  583  -  ~  _  See footnotes at end of table.  48  527  859 ~  -  —  651  733  —  -  -  —  -  -  — 572 544  _ 383 398  637  599 614  452  —  490  —  $1,015 585 * 619  —  —  ~  —  -  —  338  359  364  —  ”  —  -  -  —  -  —  ” _  483 —  558 — “  — —  564 500  ~  637 “ 613  720  540  ~  —  —  — “  — 366  -  -  ~  340 309  445 339  369 406  “ 390  297  376 372  541  “  314 371  407 375 510  431 404 544  593  —  ~  $374  -  $617  “ -  — -  -  -  -  —  -  -  713 790  —  II  $493  -  — 664  ~  $410  i  $417  “  “  $383  _  ■  Police Officers, Uniformed  $348  ~  — 746 824  —  Fire-  —  615 653  -  Correc­ tions Officers  ~  541 528 557  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  454 478  Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) ..........................................  395  $914  — -  “  310  $748  -  -  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).................  $611  “  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September)..............  302  V  “  -  421 412 338 330 357  IV  -  597 573  354 346  III  “  491 479 481 -  -  II  -  396 414 388 -  Texas Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Longview-Marshall (June) .................... Nacogdoches County (September)...... San Antonio (July).................................  1  749  _  322  -  VI  616  544  Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Dyer County (October) ......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February)..............................  $540  V  484  652 663  -  -  IV  -  448 563 565  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Greenwood County (October) ..............  $740  III  “  458 478 516 436  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January).............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November).....  $610 662 619  396  II  —  339  317  I  -  -  310  IV  -  -  Ohio Cincinnati (March) ................................. Cleveland (August)................................ Columbus (November) ......................... Scioto County (December)...................  $466 564 504  III  508  -  -  $434  II  -  -  New York Delaware County (September)............. Nassau-Suffolk (December)................. New York (April) .................................... Poughkeepsie (August)......................... Rochester (November).........................  i  Engineering Technicians, Civil  Engineering Technicians  Drafters  $563  685 -  ~  $698  ~  -  391  552  297  395  —  ~  '  536  -  558 545 497 569  524  “  —■  Table B-2. Average weekly pay' in all industries, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Technical State, area, and reference month  Computer Operators 1  Vermont Burlington (August)................................ Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)................................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July).................. Washington Seattle (December) ............................... Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Manitowoc (December) ......................... Milwaukee (October)............................. Wyoming Sweetwater County (September).........  II  Ill  Drafters IV  1  II  Engineering Technicians  Ill  $371  $405  -  400 402  487 463  -  -  410  495  -  -  -  371 385 408  435  522  511  -  366  470  589  -  -  -  -  -  -  $367  -  IV  1  II  Ill  IV  Engineering Technicians, Civil V  VI  1  II  Ill  IV  CorrecV  $530  $361  446  $421 449  $566  $519  $385  $535  576  528  618  -  -  -  -  -  807  778  -  $573  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  707  -  -  -  536  642  697  592 554 588  700  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  475 -  505  536  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  570  -  442  627  545  -  -  -  -  $448  $486  II  -  $442  $397  1  “  -  $308  Police Officers, Uniformed  -  $673  $643  Officers  Firefighters  519 500  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Protective service  $806  682  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Computer Operators V did not meet publication criteria in any area. Average pay for Civil Engineering Technicians VI in Anaheim-Santa Ana, CA, the only area which published an average for this occupation, was $1,366.  49  Table B-3. Average weekly pay' in all industries, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Clerks, Order  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  II  III  IV  I  -  II  III  IV  I  II  $287  $342  $403  -  -  287  302  318  Alabama Huntsville (January)..............................  $258  $314  $376  $456  Arizona Phoenix (May) ......................................  296  341  383  469  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) .........................................  348  327  377  384  -  279  412  -  275  340 325 344 319  474 464 480 430 474 421 484 498 453 403  555 537 554 493 481 519 524 567  332  -  419 440 444 407 414 391 421 437 421 365  515 505 519 466 483 474 477 495 495 489  298 379 382 408  443 402 587 463  463  328 383 355 342 312 300 389 383 348 290  388 395  -  392 414 405 368 417 362 410 423 366 331  307  Colorado Denver (November)..............................  -  348  400  502  -  305  369  447  Connecticut Danbury (February).............................. New Britain (February) .........................  -  362 360  409 436  500 445  -  328 322  353 432  -  Delaware Wilmington (December)........................  -  376  429  554  264  310  354  District of Columbia Washington (February).........................  350  374  442  514  -  344  296  400 431 404  429 492 479  -  264  -  331 361 340  261  324  373  459  270  360 306  424 409  511 -  369 284  415 374  California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)............. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) .............................. Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ........................... San Diego (November)......................... San Francisco (April)............................ San Jose (August)................................ San Luis Obispo County (October) ...... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May)............  Florida Bradenton (April) .................................. Miami-Hialeah (December) .................. Monroe County (September)................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)................................................... Georgia Atlanta (April)........................................ Augusta (June)......................................  -  Illinois Chicago (May)...................................... Vermilion County (November)..............  ~  310  II  Ill  IV  1  -  -  -  -  -  $341  III  IV  $348  $445  $526  $605  $288  $289  $359  II  V  i  II  -  -  -  -  347  346  431  467  593  310  300  335  -  259  354  -  -  -  -  320  “  402  563  -  268  -  349  418 429 517  412 440 410 365 401 413 436 459 426 -  506 507 490 472 471 457 492 511 513 438  555 574 551 522 486 520 559 581 532 489  627 605 628 609 568 601 621 646 636 554  485 534  -  360 364 362 327 344 324 409 404 307 307  395  438 396 421 400 445 453 425 339  767 769 738 713 636 709 755 770  -  346 360 410 338 325 367 358 296 287  323  380  302  377  378  461 546  340  -  -  400 418  406  -  -  312  373  400  470  340  466  357  393  416  316 367  -  -  -  273 326  -  309 392 371  -  402 411  244  275  331  411  “  -  275  365  -  301 288  416 317  354  326  475  -  -  330 262  -  502  287  380 509  336  412  300  373  323  -  325 231  454  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I  $365  402  $399  $300  II  Word Processors  288  $255  $323  I  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  50  426  382  $344 -  $442  $534  444  468  408  470 524  $633  417 373 402  Ill  $384  572 579  437 378  437 463 452 518 447  -  -  628 543 -  412 -  470 -  -  376  437  -  383  431  482  577  659  320  371  416  503  -  -  -  -  435 376  455 476  502 526  584 626  686 -  353 351  -  444 458  -  -  -  -  -  -  441  544  613  765  353  314  425  -  396  476  573  403  471  522  588  704  353  399  457  501  -  -  -  332 368 338  401 435 439  467 470 504  551 572 627  685  346  413  -  276 301 347  -  -  -  -  -  342  390  461  509  -  280  299  355  -  334 265  382  424  501  -  -  -  348 301  -  -  -  382  461  525 -  406 394  494 528  698  -  349 342  565  -  -  -  412  463  417 291  464 354  513 430  714  -  -  599  -  -  -  364  438 ~  496 “  Table B-3. Average weekly pay' in all industries, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Clerks, Order  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month i  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October) .................... Evansville (February) ........................... Gary-Hammond (December)................ Indianapolis (July) ................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  -  $330 294 386 333 329  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January).............................................  -  319  Kentucky Louisville (September)..........................  -  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October)....................... New Orleans (July)................................  III  I  II  in  IV  r  II  I  II  I  II  Ill  IV  1  II  Ill  IV  -  -  484  -  -  311  370  456  335  -  312  -  328  395  511  222  274  323  378  323  -  257  342  236  322  334 374  472  198  243 263  338  373  -  -  273  298  -  -  -  -  337  316 377  400 439  553  Maine Oxford County (October)......................  -  -  333  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  335  -  436  -  Maryland Baltimore (May).................................... Cumberland (December)......................  327  355 345  419 413  520  289 281  366 387  409 385  308 -  368 -  -  460  -  454 -  418  -  -  312  -  -  -  385 342  428 393  475 440  Massachusetts Boston (May)......................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .............. Worcester (August) ...............................  -  385 353 372  436 425 436  525 543 491  346  338  -  323  398 431 393  444 525  436 475 429  351 337 330  399 409 387  —  -  355 324 -  416 400 391  458 444 418  503 501 488  Michigan Detroit (December)............................... Van Buren County (November)............  -  355 367  462 416  594  283  434 372  -  -  -  294  -  -  345 270  446  -  -  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ St. Cloud (April)....................................  284  363 327  413 404  460 487  270 349  318 303  384 383  452  320 265  425 331  -  366 358  Mississippi Jackson (December) ............................  -  317  361  -  -  245  299  -  297  - _  313  317  Missouri Kansas City (August)............................ St. Louis (March)..................................  298 358  332 380  405 411  — 478  292  287 332  350 372  460 438  307 336  387  286 293  363 369  -  -  Montana Billings (August) ...................................  -  312  368  387  -  232  292  -  ~  -  263  -  -  294 249  400 302  “  “  246  316 324  “  -  —  -  368  -  -  -  —  $396 344 469 393 383  IV  $292 284 275 278 272  Nebraska Dodge County (August)........................ Scotts Bluff County (October)...............  $266 225 303 269  II  $450 549  $235  ~  $334 304 376 353 358  $452 -  -  420 391  514  $314 312 322  $395  312  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $272 257 312 300 290  51  $348 347 347 361 352  $301  -  -  $333  $386  $351 307 390 321 312  $416 456 378 395  $508 499 513 479 485  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  309  389  -  -  -  352  $562  $566  V  $616  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  $288 286 309 315 294  Word Processors  I  $270  II  -  _ _ _ -  309  386  -  300  353  368  -  -  256 291  _ 275  _ 336  _ -  -  259  -  -  -  526  608 -  324 303  368  -  -  419 -  _ -  603 590 542  716 623  374 360 343  412  452  -  _  582  751 -  343 344  339  477  594  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ 728  -  630  737  311  412  454  591  -  -  _ _ 325  _ $374  Ill  430 -  486 -  420  470 -  -  431  -  -  -  460 435  561 492  -  -  -  -  356 317  416 415  450 452  529  645  404  498  -  323 289  341  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  311  346  404  -  -  277  298  -  -  433 . ~  -  367 369  415 430  471 482  543 567  680  316 324  321 375  389 376  _ 475  -  -  -  314  350  403  -  -  274  317  397  -  -  -  -  295 -  -  -  -  -  266 232  _  -  _ -  373  -  -  $575 _ -  Table B-3. Average weekly pay1 in all industries, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, General  Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, Order  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  New Hampshire Carroll County (October)....................... New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April) .......................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).................. Newark (February) ................................ New Mexico San Juan County (September)............. New York Delaware County (September)............. Nassau-Suffolk (December) ................. New York (April) .................................... Poughkeepsie (August)......................... Rochester (November).......................... Ohio Cincinnati (March) .................................  II  -  $276  IV  V  —  $389  —  —  II  III  IV  i  II  1  II  .  II  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  - .  -  -  $382 402 438  -  -  -  339  —  ~  344 417 421 427  458 490 397  339  $529 476 529  $393 373 398  $451 431 460  $432  $337 318 351  $400 403 422  291  360  -  -  268  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  365 302  396 397 351 386  377 474 455 452  450 583 546  289 262  372  424  262 381  474  382 273  300 441 435  -  $426 406  -  344 393 398 375 406  419 475  606  327 359 310 351  398 415 432 357  472 497 491  241 245 247 -  326 318 329 224  385 407 317  — $277 277  $330 299 339  $366 392 424  “  376  III  I  $449 429 440  482  455  425  303 296 320 -  380  284  _ -  — 416  — 310 295  -  _ -  “  —  ~  —  ~  —  482  334 354 398  -  $488 497  IV  II  IV  392 377 385  $324 322 338  III  I  III  $617  $619 587 598  $709  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  Word Processors I  $264  $396 344 385  II  III  —  —  $476 422 441  “  686  377 343 355  —  —  280  —  —  485 513 559  543 616 641  720 767  435 382  492 493  “  543  605  726  286 361 390 320 322  393  7*  “  452 476 491 502  548 525 527  302 311 311  341 — 350  419 440 412  — 465  -  732 671 621 ~  “  —  260  323 299  335 -  404 388  —  370 “  417 470 360 ~  — —  $465 457 481  536 531 543  _  “  386 394  471 456  -  -  — -  — 394 -  410 426 432 392  —  ~  —  300  —  “  —  $524 553  Columbus (November) .......................... Scioto County (December)...................  -  322 348 352 257  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September)..............  -  276  “  -  ~  ~  Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) ..........................................  _  348 351  405 409  503  _  _  _  _  _  _  340  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  473 460  611  -  412 402  540  -  324 321  368  -  361 358  340  -  292 309  368  -  -  -  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)....................... Pittsburgh (January).............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November).....  311 282 267 275  357 331 340 309  422 440 414 371  482 544 -  260 232 242 -  322 289  391 338  429 507  371 340  -  484  316  -  — 548 -  395 392 349 323  428 414 364 365  494 451 446 420  564 505 529 442  663 594  495  313 294 300 292  428  346  451 -  387  285  — 301 -  -  342 300 306 264  -  323 300  -  -  -  278  329  -  -  -  “  355  -  —  -  “  342 395  389 400  472  -  —  319 285  -  —  — —  248  308 328 321 312  407  242  262  330  419  285  -  354 333  405 380  430 376 450 432  553 524  “  289 330 296 299  354 “  389 340  -  -  353 335  -  300  347 337  333  507  419  -  387  354 313  275 296 314 302  348  267  410 393  378  506 422  486 530  278 260  322 312  384 382 391 286 365  422 399  305 372  461  378 384  -  373 400  433 507  559  381 360  441 430  526 482  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  269  312  —  366  ~  —  499  -  345 307 280  -  455 466 413  686 729  340 401  395 388 320 316 340  586 611  -  308 305 278  -  -  331  349  -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Greenwood County (October).............. Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Dyer County (October) .......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February).............................. Texas Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Longview-Marshall (June) .................... Nacogdoches County (September)...... San Antonio (July).................................  294 286 286  281 332 307 -  —  359 350 312 260 324  354 -  382 366  -  421 431 361  -  -  -  -  -  -  248 264  364  434  238  -  “  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  52  -  -  497 506 393 413  277  Table B-3. Average weekly pay1 in all industries, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Clerks. Order  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  ii  III  IV  i  II  Ill  IV  I  II  I  II  1  II  Ill  IV  $408  $543  1  II  Ill  IV  V  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  Word Processors I  II  Ill  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).................  $254  $324  $404  $504  $248  -  312  381  282 285  321 332  396 409  455 504  -  -  357  420  505  286  320 318 361  388 383 423  -  279  -  384  440  $272  $310  $346  $291  $350  $292  $353  $338  $346  $379  $445  -  329  371  443  -  $282  $532  $387  Vermont  Burlington (August)................................  318  -  -  359  437  -  -  -  328  -  -  240  296 315  340 353  485  370 372  429  292  292 296  397  “  -  “  -  -  354 384  395 424  448 462  511 558  $666 635  258 300  $312 329  361 394  -  323  395  460  356  412  343  406  -  -  428  -  399  450  494  589  704  338  379  476  335 334 384  244  367 433  367  -  -  -  -  363 337 412  447  430 451 484  556  634  283 302 332  364  438  252 262 314  335  265  279 285 333  383  498  347  408  -  -  -  -  351  435  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  397  -  470  -  -  350  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July).................. Washington  Seattle (December)...............................  $536  Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Manitowoc (December) ......................... Milwaukee (October) .............................  -  428  341  331  Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September) .........  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail.  53  Table B-4. Average hourly pay1 in all industries, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Electricians 1  II  Ill  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  Tool and Die Makers  Alabama Huntsville (January).....................................  $8.88  $14.37  $7.67  $12.84  $14.97  $14.49  $15.18  $13.82  -  -  Arizona Phoenix (May)..............................................  8.37  16.25  10.92  15.10  15.40  16.97  13.14  15.01  -  $15.15  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) ....  7.34  13.65  -  16.29  16.54  14.45  12.72  13.30  -  14.80  11.17 11.47 12.12 10.47 10.43  10.50  16.47 18.06 17.66 16.22 13.87 15.65 18.20 14.74 16.74 15.23  18.90 19.98 18.70 19.22  20.56 18.26 17.72  15.83 18.19 18.23 15.85 16.34 16.13 18.86  $18.36  18.66 20.44 16.98 17.98  10.52 11.89 11.82 9.21  18.32 19.31 21.35 16.58 17.44 18.22 25.28 20.65 17.24 -  Colorado Denver (November) .....................................  9.65  17.88  -  Connecticut Danbury (February) ..................................... New Britain (February).................................  12.28 12.04  17.34 17.24  Delaware Wilmington (December) ..............................  9.91  District of Columbia Washington (February)...............................  California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) ................... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December)........ Oakland (February)...................................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August) ............ Sacramento (August)................................... San Diego (November)................................ San Francisco (April) ................................... San Jose (August) ....................................... San Luis Obispo County (October)............. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May) ..................  17.97  18.70  15.46 17.58 19.46 15.12 15.45 16.02 18.93 18.54  -  13.67  13.24  14.19 14.53  -  19.78  15.82  14.52  15.76  17.64  -  14.78  -  15.45  -  “  16.54 17.35  14.77 17.08  15.55  18.50  -  15.91  18.88  16.77  15.02  16.51  18.72  -  8.63  16.62  12.67  17.33  18.15  -  15.01  15.28  14.25  -  Florida Bradenton (April).......................................... Miami-Hialeah (December)......................... Monroe County (September) ...................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)....  8.63 9.13 8.13 8.55  15.27 12.12 14.93  -  _ 13.80  _ 12.13  17.29  14.95  16.19  11.29 13.35 13.18 13.99  15.12  10.31  15.30 16.82 17.30 15.29  Georgia Atlanta (April) .............................................. Augusta (June) ............................................  9.64 9.71  15.95 13.08  11.47 9.48  16.53  Illinois Chicago (May) ............................................. Vermilion County (November) ....................  11.57 8.55  18.38  12.27  -  -  -  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October)........................... Evansville (February)................................... Gary-Hammond (December) ...................... Indianapolis (July)........................................ South Bend-Mishawaka (September).........  9.93 8.74 10.41 8.88 9.81  13.87 15.19 16.88 17.92 15.04  “  15.92 17.45 16.01  -  -  10.52 14.27 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — -  -  21.26 -  -  15.73  _ -  -  -  -  16.40  18.48  17.37  -  -  13.44 15.98  14.51 14.25  18.25  -  -  -  -  -  17.20  15.72  18.41  -  16.26 17.19  20.23  -  -  -  -  14.84 15.56  13.54 14.09 16.12 14.92 14.70  18.06 19.26 15.23  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  18.83 16.06  54  17.49 13.53  13.17 15.48 18.16 15.77 14.60  14.45 12.57 14.69  Table B-4. Average hourly pay' in all industries, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Electricians I  II  III  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  Tool and Die Makers  $16.37  $14.46  $16.94  $17.39  13.49  18.31  17.37  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) ....  $9.32  $16.99  -  $14.95  -  -  Kentucky Louisville (September).................................  8.52  17.35  -  16.21  -  $17.39  16.42  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October) ............................. New Orleans (July)......................................  7.51 8.07  13.05  -  15.06  _ -  _ 15.86  13.28  9.37 11.94  16.38  -  Maine Oxford County (October) ............................  8.35  -  -  -  -  -  -  11.16  -  -  Maryland Baltimore (May) ........................................... Cumberland (December) .............................  10.18 9.08  15.28  -  15.74 -  $15.97  14.78  13.99  17.30  -  13.66 11.49  15.97  -  Massachusetts Boston (May) ............................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October)..................... Worcester (August)......................................  10.66 12.26 11.53  17.19 17.78 15.01  $11.84  14.34 14.21  18.82 20.16  16.00 16.40 14.50  15.62 14.73 13.67  15.08 14.28 14.82  16.73 17.71 14.75  18.26  Michigan Detroit (December) ...................................... Van Buren County (November) ..................  11.21 11.62  19.31 15.54  11.73  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January)................... St. Cloud (April) ...........................................  11.86 10.21  18.36 17.06  11.02  Mississippi Jackson (December)....................................  7.77  Missouri Kansas City (August)................................... St. Louis (March) .........................................  -  -  _  14.70  -  -  -  19.42 16.96  15.86  18.19 14.61  15.67 12.77  19.18  19.29  -  13.90 12.90  16.00  17.63 14.48  14.97 12.48  14.93 14.38  18.68  -  -  18.00 14.18  14.04  -  15.00  -  -  14.27  11.77  -  -  7.90 9.72  17.77 17.84  -  17.15 16.41  17.68 16.74  15.48 17.30  17.56 14.97  15.50 14.46  18.13 17.67  18.90 18.43  Montana Billings (August)...........................................  7.56  16.30  -  17.52  -  -  15.79  13.64  18.05  Nebraska Dodge County (August) ............................... Scotts Bluff County (October).....................  8.16 7.97  -  -  -  _ -  _  _  -  11.74 10.90  _  -  -  -  New Hampshire Carroll County (October).............................  8.36  -  -  -  -  -  -  11.64  -  -  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April)................................. Monmouth-Ocean (August) ........................ Newark (February).......................................  11.74 12.27 13.08  16.28 14.53 17.85  10.02  18.05  15.47  15.58 13.65 15.26  15.26 14.54 15.40  _ _  -  16.43 17.02 18.15  17.86  16.39 14.72 16.61  New Mexico San Juan County (September) ...................  8.24  -  14.00  11.80  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  55  _  15.26  -  -  Table B-4. Average hourly pay1 in all industries, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians  $10.03 11.87 12.47 10.02 11.27  $10.04 10.09 5 —  14.37 14.02 16.58  16.42 17.25 16.66  7.77  “  9.47 10.41  16.13 14.36  10.43  14.26  -  -  10.51 10.33 10.03 10.63  15.83 14.82 14.46 14.29  9.90  7.84 9.99  ~  —  15.80 14.35 18.37  -  16.65  13.64 14.97 16.92  14.94 16.07 15.87  —  ■  Oklahoma  Pittsburg County (September) ....................  18.17 18.69 16.73  -  $16.40  —  14.51 14.57 14.80 12.29  13.77  $15.73  9.26 10.21 9.36 7.72  ~  ■  -  Ohio  Cincinnati (March)........................................ Cleveland (August) ...................................... Columbus (November)................................. Scioto County (December) ..........................  ” —  $14.33 15.84 17.16  -  •  __ “ $16.46  $18.46 19.01  -  $17.75 20.81 17.03 17.89  15.17  $16.77  “  III  —  $16.09 16.69 17.20 15.51 14.53  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  II  -  Tool and Die Makers  Mechanics, Machinery  1  New York  Delaware County (September) ................... Nassau-Suffolk (December) ........................ New York (April)........................................... Poughkeepsie (August) ............................... Rochester (November) ................................  Pipefitters  Machinists  Electricians  10.62  —  Oregon  Portland (May) ............................................. Salem (July).................................................  15.83 “  15.84  18.28  15.56 13.73  —  13.50  —  15.03 13.06  Pennsylvania  Philadelphia (November) ............................. Pittsburgh (January) .................................... Reading (May) ............................................. Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November)............  -  15.13  — 14.29  13.37  12.69  14.90 14.66 12.79 13.22  15.39 14.06 13.51 14.47  ■  “ 11.64  9.98  12.74  11.83  12.82  15.45 —  ” 14.31 13.53  15.17 14.47  15.01 18.06 15.12  14.43 15.77 12.25  15.28 12.54 11.05  11.58  11.59  — 11.25  14.20  13.75  14.78  13.12  11.70  13.20 19.54  13.10 12.56  16.76 14.60  16.42 16.15  _  — 13.89  South Carolina  Beaufort County (September)..................... Greenwood County (October).....................  ~  —  —  Tennessee  Chattanooga (September) ........................... Dyer County (October)................................. Memphis (October)...................................... Nashville (February) ....................................  15.03  8.60 8.80 9.05 8.39  12.49  9.14 8.64 7.67 6.87  14.28 16.44 13.62 10.84 12.31  10.99 11.92  15.36 15.75  16.66 17.32  8.75  13.80 15.15  16.79  8.65  14.06  11.35  -  17.19  9.70  13.61  8.71 7.81  14.78 18.34  15.74 15.17  -  ~  16.28 15.15  Texas  Dallas (November)....................................... Houston (March) .......................................... Longview-Marshall (June)............................ Nacogdoches County (September) ............ San Antonio (July) ....................................... Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)........................ Vermont  Burlington (August)......................................  —  _  —_  ~  _ 12.99  ~  16.00 15.39 13.77 —  ■  15.34  17.08  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)..................................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July)........................  -  16.45 18.69  15.15 17.66  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  56  13.98 17.34  14.45 18.80  “  Table B-4. Average hourly pay1 in all industries, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Electricians 1  II  III  $16.28  $19.07  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  Tool and Die Makers  $17.66  $18.52  $17.28  -  -  14.79  14.21 11.97 15.01  14.00 13.23 15.37  $15.26  $14.91 13.37 17.15  18.92  15.20  -  Washington  Seattle (December)......................................  $10.44  $18.43  -  9.96 10.42 10.67  15.38 13.86 18.00  $14.58  10.83  19.94  Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) ............. Manitowoc (December)................................ Milwaukee (October)....................................  -  -  -  -  17.37 _  -  _  17.55  18.45  Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September).................  _  “  -  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail,  57  Table B-5. Average hourly pay' in all industries, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 Guards State, area, and reference month  Alabama  Operators  $9.53  Janitors II  1  $5.73  Arizona  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) ..  8.62  11.11 12.95 13.79 12.30 12.35 15.81 10.17  8.04  -  12.06  9.23  11.50  9.21  7.29 7.77 9.38 7.66 7.14 7.30 9.44 8.19  13.74  12.46 11.51  14.47 13.05 16.19 11.93 11.73 12.95  10.84 11.55 11.85 12.77 11.62 10.70  -  9.11  -  12.91 15.38 15.55 12.68 13.74 12.68 15.63 15.29  _  7.16 7.72 9.03 8.32 9.32 7.54 9.52 8.30 10.03  8.34  $8.49  13.09 _ 10.69 7.46 11.64 10.11  12.92 12.76 14.70 8.22 -  -  9.51 10.80 11.05 11.22 8.56 11.70 10.24 10.99  11.52  6.37  9.04  10.57  9.91  6.50  _  8.57 8.07  9.64 8.98  10.19 -  9.77 10.25  9.50  11.53  8.32  Connecticut  Delaware  _  11.19 11.46  12.48  12.23  11.15  15.85  15.60  10.43  15.06  14.44  10.03 12.33  -  7.22  12.11  7.87  8.35  10.29  7.62  10.69  6.81  7.73  13.36  9.31  9.30  14.14  11.64  16.97  11.06  7.45  8.04  7.12  _ 12.35  8.09 11.70  _ 11.28  _ 7.18  9.52  8.11 7.96  —  8.84  12.35  7.13 9.09 8.47  6.07 5.46  7.83 6.44  -  9.77 7.75  7.94 8.91  _ 14.38  9.56 7.70  12.12 14.40  14.41  8.76 7.08  9.80  16.28 -  15.79  11.17  -  _ -  17.44  -  13.86  _ 12.90  Florida 7.75 12.07  7.01 5.69 7.07 4.97  8.63 _ -  Georgia 6.35 9.30  12.35 _  6.96 5.75 6.98 5.76  Illinois 11.97 13.54  6.42 _  Indiana  South Bend-Mishawaka (September).......  8.51 8.71 13.67 12.49 9.77  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) ..  12.60  _  5.60 6.37  4.80  _ .  _ 11.08  -  8.28 10.01  7.98 8.27 9.22 6.78 7.38  7.30 7.28 13.41 _  7.35  7.59  -  8.95  9.22  7.67  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  15.53 District of Columbia  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) ...  $8.44  11.23  $9.92  9.60  $9.62  Warehouse Specialists  $13.44  5.20  11.06  $10.62  Tractor Trailer  11.47  -  5.77  Heavy Truck  13.10  4.83  Colorado  Medium Truck  $7.51  5.67  _ _  Truckdrivers Light Truck  8.59  $11.14  14.13 10.79 12.62 8.67 13.44 11.75 11.36  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  $10.40  5.74  6.89 6.71 5.75 6.42 6.41 7.01 7.96  Order Fillers  $5.58  California Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .....  Material Handling Laborers  58  -  “  8.31 8.77 12.75 9.46 9.05  7.78 6.98 10.81 7.32 -  13.47 10.85  9.95  -  -  -  — 11.73  -  _  —  8.73 12.28 13.83 15.85 11.52  9.42 9.52 12.94 10.14  14.16  14.11  Table B-5. Average hourly pay1 in all industries, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued State, area, and reference month  Guards  Forklift Operators  I  II  Material Handling Laborers  Order Fillers  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Light T ruck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  $8.60  $14.86  $9.59  $11.04  $11.48  11.36  10.24  Truckdrivers  Kentucky Louisville (September)...............................  $11.06  $5.10  -  $6.69  $9.51  $10.03  $10.64  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October) ............................ New Orleans (July)....................................  9.05  5.12  -  5.30 5.14  _ 7.97  _ 7.15  7.16  6.83  9.96  -  Maine Oxford County (October) ...........................  -  -  -  6.96  -  -  -  -  -  -  $9.78  6.90 8.39  9.96  8.22 8.46 9.17  Maryland Baltimore (May) ......................................... Cumberland (December) ........................... Massachusetts Boston (May) ............................................. Lawrence-Haverhill (October)................... Worcester (August).................................... Michigan Detroit (December) .................................... Van Buren County (November) .................  12.94 -  6.75 -  -  11.87 10.35 10.66  7.43 7.87 7.16  12.21  15.18  6.65  12.55  -  -  -  -  11.36  _  _  9.42  6.71  -  -  -  7.88  _ 7.51 11.59  11.83 10.73 10.57  _  9.79 10.07  13.71  10.50  12.41  8.66  -  -  -  -  Specialists  _ -  11.44  -  -  9.65  12.85  11.33 8.81  _  14.53 11.59 13.65  14.82 13.41 14.65  11.60 13.01 10.47  _  12.45  13.83  13.44  12.84  12.02 10.86  12.36  -  11.56 12.01  -  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ................. St. Cloud (April) .........................................  12.11 9.57  6.47  9.03 -  7.48 8.49  11.31 7.99  12.65 -  12.40 9.16  12.32 8.93  14.11  -  Mississippi Jackson (December) .................................  8.97  4.94  -  4.88  8.04  7.51  8.83  7.66  -  6.87  12.23  8.37  Missouri Kansas City (August)................................. St. Louis (March).......................................  12.39  5.96 6.00  9.33 11.28  7.11 6.33  _ 12.72  10.06 9.04  9.83 10.47  _ 7.90  13.18  _  11.99 11.06  14.30 14.80  10.45 11.20  Montana Billings (August).........................................  10.31  -  -  6.34  -  10.10  9.50  10.56  -  -  13.79  11.29  -  -  -  -  -  6.49 6.45  _ -  _ -  7.22  -  _ -  -  -  -  New Hampshire Carroll County (October) ...........................  -  -  -  8.26  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April)............................... Monmouth-Ocean (August) ....................... Newark (February).....................................  12.06 10.17 12.44  12.66  8.11 9.85 8.41  11.06 8.13 11.41  10.33 7.77  11.68 11.02 10.73  11.80  10.45  16.20 14.88 13.44  14.68 12.33 11.40  14.99 11.95 14.99  13.73 12.37 14.11  -  5.67  12.55  9.66  14.01  Nebraska Dodge County (August)............................. Scotts Bluff County (October)....................  New Mexico San Juan County (September) .................  -  7.42 8.11 7.14  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  59  -  _  12.57  -  -  9.26  -  Table B-5. Average hourly pay’ in all industries, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Guards State, area, and reference month  Operators  Janitors I  II  $7.61  $13.31 12.02  New York _ _ $10.49  6.03 6.74  12.06 12.03 9.68  5.64 5.78 6.29  _ _  Ohio 11.02 10.91 _ _  $7.75 9.93 11.52 9.07 7.83  6.84 7.07 7.58 7.06  Material Handling Laborers  Order Fillers  $8.06  $10.15  _ 8.48  7.41  12.06 9.19 7.14  9.33 10.17 9.45 -  _  Truckdrivers  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  $8.33 9.18  $10.64 11.83  $15.39  $18.35  — 11.66  13.50  10.94  $16.58 17.05 12.16  9.72 10.15 9.64  8.16 8.72  13.85  12.80 12.44  -  13.67 16.19 13.04  Warehouse Specialists  $10.84 “ 13.69  10.00 11.63  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  Oklahoma 5.61 Oregon 11.30 10.09  _  12.80 11.52 10.33 12.28  7.31 5.22 9.04 5.92  8.34 9.14 11.48  13.22 10.48  12.00 9.57  -  13.14 16.11 11.04 -  14.44 14.96 14.08 13.56  13.29 11.53 10.56 11.08  -  -  -  10.19 —  _ _  12.22 9.13 12.76  _  7.41 6.14  -  -  -  -  9.10  8.09  8.50  6.14  10.90  10.72  12.02  8.40 11.29  8.52 9.18  8.64  5.71  14.44 11.23  10.49 9.58  13.84 12.91  9.10 6.07  8.09  9.11 8.29 9.30  8.22  _ 7.63  10.88 9.76  13.89 12.70 ~  10.62 10.55 8.88  10.50  6.81  11.63 8.26  _  9.75  5.32  9.05 10.39  5.58 6.46  9.05 9.38 9.62 7.14 8.07  6.55 6.00 _ _ 4.86  12.75 11.61 _ -  5.92 5.10 6.00 5.34 5.31  8.63  5.33  8.55  5.73  10.07  10.89  8.54  -  7.62  -  8.50 11.77  6.03 6.45  13.26  6.22  -  Texas  _  Utah  5.32 7.35 5.55 5.12  17.11 13.72 9.95  8.26  _ Tennessee  Vermont Burlington (August)....................................  10.42 8.80 9.34 9.10  10.99 -  11.58  8.57 7.06 8.72 7.96  _ -  South Carolina  San Antonio (July) .....................................  8.10 -  6.87 -  Pennsylvania  Dyer County (October) ............................. Memphis (October).................................... Nashville (February) ..................................  10.19 9.28  7.54 7.51  _  _-  7.79  -6.39  7.07  7.32  -  9.75  -  _ 9.21 12.36 12.74  “  6.77  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  —  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News 11.69  6.33 5.50  10.01  9.63  9.32 10.56  5.31 7.24  7.10 12.75  9.45  11.15  Washington  10.68  9.13  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  60  I  7.96 9.16  13.29 13.11  14.68  15.74  J___ _____  10.73 10.30  Table B-5. Average hourly pay' in all industries, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued State, area, and reference month  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)........... Manitowoc (December) ............................. Milwaukee (October) ................................. Wyoming Sweetwater County (September) .............  Forklift Operators  $11.14 13.33  —  Gu<irds Janitors I  $8.64  II  6.07  -  $6.55 6.96 7.38  “  “  8.67  -  -  Material Handling Laborers  Order Fillers  $6.74  $8.44  _  _  10.20  -  -  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12.98  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  $10.03 8.70 9.95  _ $9.09  _ _ -  _ $11.38  -  -  16.65  Truckdrivers  _  Tractor Trailer  $12.34 15.52  -  Warehouse Specialists  $10.97 10.26 12.08  14.92  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail.  61  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 Professional Accountants  State, area, and reference month I  II  III  -  —  -  —  —  — ~  ~  IV  V  Engin eers  Attorneys  Accountants, Public  III  II  III  IV  V  1  II  “ — —  —  — “  — — ~  “ —  —  ~  — — — —  -  -  -  -  -  “  —  —  ■ —  -  ~  VI  I  II  III  IV  —  —  —  —  ■  — -  ■ ~  IV  V  VI  VII  VIII  $1,464  $1,675  $1,993  —  ~  Alaska  Statewide Alaska (July)......................... Alabama  Birmingham (July) ................................. Gadsden and Anniston (June)............... Huntsville (January)............................... Mobile (February).................................. Montgomery (January) ..........................  '  —  — -  -  — -  -  —  -  “  - •  —  -  -  “  —  —  —  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  , •  ~  -  ~ ~  Arizona  Phoenix (May) ....................................... Tuscon-Douglas (February) ..................  -  —  Arkansas  Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) .........................................  -  California  Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) ............. Fresno (February) ................................. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) ............................... Oxnard-Ventura (July)........................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)......  San Francisco (April)............................. San Jose (August)................................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ...... Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February).........  -  -  $534  $619  $767  $946  $1,248  — — 455 574  — 570 — 592 588 ' -  — 728  — 952  — 724 741  936 995 “  — — 1,166 1,269  —  729  —  —  544 576  684 770  "  $1,587  $553  $600  $720  $1,012  — 639  — — 745  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ 518  _ 576  _ 659  _ 852  -  -  ~  —  -  “  —  —  —  —  “  —  547  590  677  — — -  — — 601 540  —  “ — 1,026  $1,236 — — 1,160 -  -  — -  — $1,361 1,393  $1,711  $2,186  “  -  “  — — — -  _  —  -  851 940  _ 1,157  -  -  -  -  578  718  982  -  “  -  581  712  _ 928  _ 1,126  _ 1,559  —  —  -  -  -  —  —  ■  826  935  — — 633 664  $736 “ 726 — 730 761 -  $879 — 847 — 813 907  —  —  — —  _ -  617 660  749 766  856 898  —  —  702  837  Colorado  Colorado Springs (June) ...................... Denver (November)............................... Pueblo (July).........................................  ~  $660  —  “  T  $1,066  $1,253  ” — 986  1,194  986 1,101  1,149 1,341  —  1,050 1,099  “ 1,792  1,804  1,216 1,341  1,458 1,567  1,683 1,726  ~  1,243  1,443  1,654  —  ■  Connecticut  Danbury (February)............................... New Britain (February) ..........................  -  -  -  —  593  —  Delaware  Wilmington (December).........................  Washington (February).........................  481  “ 905  1,233  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  62  1,269  1,591  1,913  615  1,024  _  1,355 1,549  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Alaska Statewide Alaska (July)......................... Alabama Birmingham (July) ................................. Gadsden and Anniston (June).............. Huntsville (January)............................... Mobile (February) .................................. Montgomery (January) .......................... Arizona Phoenix (May)....................................... Tuscon-Douglas (February) ................. Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) ......................................... California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)............. Fresno (February) ................................. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) ............................... Oxnard-Ventura (July)........................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ........................... San Diego (November)......................... San Francisco (April)............................. San Jose (August)................................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ...... Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February)......... Colorado Colorado Springs (June) ....................... Denver (November)............................... Pueblo (July) ......................................... Connecticut Danbury (February)............................... New Britain (February) .........................  B udget Analy.its  Computer Programmers  Ill  IV  1  II  III  IV  I  II  III  IV  V  I  II  III  IV  V  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $1,049  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  $500 399  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ 561  571 604  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  466  $626 -  -  -  $789  $911  777 — -  — -  -  -  _  -  $509 560 590 470 460  $624 685  $736  779  $914 920  _ _ -  _ _ -  $642 635  752 815 686  -  _ -  -  689 582  853 745  1,003 909  -  656  -  -  641  777  902  621  740 677 748 718  888  914 800 911 961 857  1,037  1,182  _  781 613 753 816 729  1,044  1 272  669 743  918 995 1,054 1^050  699 541  708  _  $558  $627  _ $798  _ $940  _ _ 592  477 515  611 617 660  — -  _ -  820 760 847 _ -  _ _ _ _ 919 1,082 _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  582 603 624 694  _ 685 757 794  _ _ 841 850  _ _ _ _  709  798 877 933 856  _ -  -  -  -  -  835  -  605 622  753 771  _  _ 503  590 603  _ 843  _  710 713  855 835  -  -  -  -  -  695 726 666  _  _  _ 614 672 528  936 _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ 626  _ -  _ -  -  641 497  692 676  -  -  -  806 840  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  633  721  -  -  795  878  -  714  ~  501  601  793  972  542  590  675  815  672  814  975  $971  1,066 1 235 1,249 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,029 995  -  -  63  -  _  -  550  $1,176  995  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer Systems Analysts  II  Delaware Wilmington (December)......................... District of Columbia Washington (February).........................  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  1,159  $1,296  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Personnel Supervisors/Mar agers  Personnel Specialists  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers i  II  III  I  II  III  IV  V  I  II  III  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  I  -  -  _ “  -  -  _ -  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ “  _  -  ”  —  —  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  —  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  $1,181  $1,008  $1,333  “ — —  Alaska  Statewide Alaska (July) . Alabama  Birmingham (July) .................. Gadsden and Anniston (June). Huntsville (January)................ Mobile (February)................... Montgomery (January)........... Arizona  Phoenix (May) ..................... Tuscon-Douglas (February) .  -  '  —  Arkansas  Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)....................... California  Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)........... Fresno (February) ............................... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) Oakland (February)............................. Oxnard-Ventura (July)......................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August).... Sacramento (August) .......................... San Diego (November)........................ San Francisco (April)........................... San Jose (August) San Luis Obispo County (October) , Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February) ...  $1,162  $1,303  _  _ _ _  _  -  $608  $615 -  -  _  -  -  -  _ _  _  559  698  _  -  -  _  _  $1,003 885 921 991  -  -  558 601  _  _  -  —  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  480 “  710 726 689 -  -  -  527 569  611 753  841 927  —  *  _  1,250  1,375  Colorado  Colorado Springs (June) Denver (November)........ Pueblo (July) ...................  $740  -  -  1,012  1,232 1,218  — -  -  1,279 — ~  — — —  -  “ 1,353  —  —  —  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  1,231  -  “  -  -  “  Danbury (February).... . New Britain (February) .  -  “  -  637  759  _ 923  _  -  Wilmington (December).  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,196  $1,386  -  543  725  920  1,299  Connecticut  Washington (February).  1,096  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  64  —  ~  -  -  District of Columbia  ~ —  _  —  1,137  984  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Professional State, area, and reference month  Acco untants i  II  -  _  ill  Accountants, Public  IV  V  VI  _  _  _  i  II  III  Attorneys IV  II  III  Engineers  IV  V  ,  II  III  IV  V  VI  VII  VIII  —  ~  ~  “  -  ~  “  “  -  -  -  — -  — -  — -  FI orIda Miami-Hialeah (December) ...................  _ $742  " “  Northwestern Florida (January).............  — “  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater  ~  —  ~  ~  “  Georgia Atlanta (April).........................................  $477  $557  685  $930  $1,152  *$532  $578  $978  $1,310  $1,686  $2,121 “  ”  “ “  ~  Macon-Warner Robins (December) ..... Savannah (February) ............................ Illinois Chicago (May).......................................  ~  _  500  _  _  606  743  577  691  455 467  530 553  661  468  575  699  _  966  $594 _  $690 — -  583  635  693  1,016  1,223 —  1,562  _  ~  -  $990 -  “  ■  1,217  $811  $1,220  $1,484  —  —  "  674  772  861  —  -  -  -  -  654 706  822 835 860  975 982 993  1,061  1,275  1,488  — —  — —  $1,701  -  —  —  ~  1,228 1,166  1,329 1,340 -  -  -  Indiana  Gary-Hammond (December)................. Indianapolis (July) ................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  828 888  1,032 ~  — “ “  — “ —  —  880  1,120 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “ “ * _  584 612  763  -  _  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline "  —  ~  -  -  -  -  -  —  -  '  —  —  —  —  “  —  -  -  -  —  ~  Kansas ~  Wichita (March) .....................................  —  —  ~  -  -  -  Kentucky Louisville (September)........................... Louisiana Baton Rouge (May) ............................... ~  —  ~  -  -  -  "  Maine 482  —  ~  _  -  “  -  -  -  -  "  Maryland Baltimore (May) ..................................... Lower Eastern Shore (July)................  497  572  707  897  549  591  671  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  65  804  —  1,263  1,493  -  -  697  833 '  1,047  —  1,285 -  1,455 ~  -  -  “  -  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative  II  II  I  III  IV  i  II  III  IV  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  _  _ _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  -  Florida  $456  _  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater  $547 579  Macon-Warner Robins (December) .....  -  _  _  _  _ _ _  -  —  $482  —  $593  —  $765 _  —  $904 -  _  _ South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  -  -  -  -  484  587  647  823  _  683  800  988  -  -  —  546  689 639 628 568 674 694  “ 806  423  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  —  —  —  565  _ _  _  -  611  831  538  613  _  _  _  -  -  706 659 -  _  _  642  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  _ _ _  _  — 957  495 441  546 572 526  735 767  _ _  _  _  461  630  869  -  -  -  -  _  _  562  _  _  — 421  535 534  646  757 823  540  655  577 564  646 613  —  — -  Kansas _  _  _  _  —  —  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  Kentucky  _  _  -  -  _  — _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  —  —  —  —  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  — 562  — 622  591 -  -  673 634  _  980  $1,118  ~  852  -  -  _  739  -  -  879 850 -  — —  612 576 660 787 669 636  793 772 789 857 790 770  _  679  -  — -  — 657  829  -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline  840  -  670 685  -  ~  845  —  767  -  711  —  — 853  -  —  -  -  651 649 668  $932  -  563 585  463  _ “  $981 -  _  592 578  $792 849  -  -  1,047  $680 726  V  796 -  _  -  -  IV  764 800  _  _  -  III  II  -  498  _ _ _  $674 692  1  -  Indiana _ $478  V  $849  _ _  490  IV  659 718  _  Illinois  Ill  534 628  -  Georgia _  Comput 3r Systems A nalysts  Computer Programmers  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  Budget Analysts  State, area, and reference month  1,016  -  —  1,175  -  —  —  —  1,065 944  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  801 -  —  ~ -  —  773  970  — 945  —  "  —  -  .  -  -  796 802  1,030 1,008  _  -  — -  -  700  851  963  -  -  671 -  -  841 758  -  Maine  Maryland 590  $700 _  _  753  879  _  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  66  831 i  -  990  1,055 -  -  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Florida Jacksonville (October).......................... Miami-Hialeah (December) .................. Monroe County (September)................ Northwestern Florida (January)............ Orlando (March) .................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) ................................................... Georgia Albany (June)........................................ Atlanta (April)......................................... Augusta (June)...................................... Columbus (May).................................... Macon-Wamer Robins (December) ..... Savannah (February) ........................... Illinois Chicago (May)...................................... Joliet (September)................................ Vermilion County (November).............. Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October) .................... Evansville (February) ........................... Fort Wayne (June)................................. Gary-Hammond (December)................ Indianapolis (July) ................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers I  II  III  I  II  -  _ -  _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _  -  -  -  -  $1,019  $1,230  -  — -  -  _ _ -  1,110  1,329  -  ■  $1,612  _ $556 _ _ _ -  III  _ _ $678 _ _ -  _ 708 _ _  _  _  -  -  _ $904 _ _  _  $1,122  $1,654  -  -  -  -  1,182  _ _  1,116  _  629  _ 634 687 _ 709  -  -  _ 483 524  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  809 874  934  _  $1,302  _ _  -  _ $990  1,085  949  _  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  733  -  -  -  _ -  -  Ill  -  476  -  II  _  605  -  I  _  _ -  -  -  _  $516  -  998  _ _ _  _  -  -  V  -  -  _  IV  -  -  -  Personnel Supervisors/Managers  _  -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January)............................................. Kansas Topeka (April)........................................ Wichita (March) ....................................  Personnel Specialists  _ _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Kentucky Louisville (September)..........................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Louisiana Baton Rouge (May) .............................. New Orleans (July)................................  -  -  -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  1,112  1,215 ~  558 -  710 -  939  -  -  -  Maine Oxford County (October)...................... Statewide Maine (December)............... Maryland Baltimore (May)..................................... Lower Eastern Shore (July)..................  —  -  -  -  _  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  67  _  1,106  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 —Continued Professional  i  $460 Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .............. Worcester (August) ...............................  Accountants, Public  Accountants  State, area, and reference month  ~  II  $565 576  III  IV  $713 701  $910 881  —  —  —  II  1  III  IV  -  $773  V  VI  $1,243  $1,578  -  —  —  _ ”  585  635  -  -  ~  -  -  —  —  ~  -  —  —  $553  $572 -  Engineers  Attorneys  -  II  $955 -  III  IV  V  $1,300  $1,675  $2,091  -  -  -  i  $625 579  $704 743  Michigan  Detroit (December)................................ Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March)...... Upper Peninsula (May)......................... Van Buren County (November)............  991  1,181  $688  801  1,047  1,214  1,518  —  -  “  —  -  -  “  -  -  -  — —  —  '  — ~  "  “ "  _ “  521  557  598  737  982  1,208  1,497  -  -  ~  -  -  —  —  —  “  —  —  ~  —  -  —  —  —  —  -  —  — —  —  -  -  —  VII  VIII  $842 871  $1,024 1,056  $1,288 1,224  $1,598 1,415  $1,814 1,765  $2,225  1,045  1,293  1,524  1,871  883 “ ~ 866  “ ■  —  ~ _  ~  — —  -  770 774  VI  745  694 691  639 -  V  _ ~ 731  _ ~ _  477 -  IV  III  II  — —  —  —  —  ” —  —  “  -  —  —  “ —  — —  —  —  —  Minnesota  Duluth (May).......................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ St. Cloud (April).....................................  ~  —  Mississippi  Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July) ... Columbus (May).................................... Jackson (December).............................  ”  -  _ -  ~  —  —  —  —  _  659  708  843  993  _  _  -  -  “  ~  —  “  —  ~ — —  ~  “  Missouri  Kansas City (August)............................. St. Louis (March)................................... Southern Missouri (June) .....................  486  574  728  900  -  ~  -  -  -  -  1,198 -  ~  1,205  1,398  Montana  Billings (August) ...................................  -  -  Nebraska  Omaha (August)...................................  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  ~  —  ~  —  —  —  —  ~  ■  -  -  — -  — -  _  — -  “  -  -  —  -  -  —  ~ “  — “ —  ~ “  — ~ —  — _ —  -  654  797  -  —  -  —  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  614 592  607 753 748  -  507  — 682  Nevada  Las Vegas-Tonopah (December)......... New Jersey  Atlantic City (June) ................................ Bergen-Passaic (April) .......................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).................. Newark (February) ................................  ~  —  —  ~ ~  ~  ■  New Mexico  San Juan County (September).............  1,004  -  —  ~  New York  Binghamton (July) ................................. Elmira (August)......................................... Nassau-Suffolk (December)................... New York (April) ....................................... Rochester (November)......................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July).......... Utica-Rome (July)..................................  —  480 496 -  -  972 976 851  — -  1,286 _  -  — -  — -  585  658  721 787  “  —  —  —  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  68  953 1,122 —  1,014 990 — —  1,247 1,297 “  1,447 1,761 . -  2,150 -  — —  672  -  —  652 731 764 “  ” 600  693  758 853 1,015  965 1,064 1,136  — 765  “ — 907  -  1,193 1,319 ~ ~  ~  ~ —  1,452 1,593 —  —  1,700 — -  ~ -  —  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  E udget Analy sts II  Massachusetts Boston (May)................................. Lawrence-Haverhill (October) ...... . Worcester (August) ........................ Michigan Detroit (December)......................... Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March) Upper Peninsula (May).................. Van Buren County (November)........ Minnesota Duluth (May)...................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul (Januaiy) ........ St. Cloud (April)................................. Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July) Columbus (May)................................ Jackson (December) ......................... Missouri Kansas City (August)......................... St. Louis (March)............................... Southern Missouri (June) ................... Montana Billings (August) ................................. Nebraska Omaha (August)................................. Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah (December)...... New Jersey Atlantic City (June) ............................. Bergen-Passaic (April) ....................... Monmouth-Ocean (August)............... Newark (February) ............................. New Mexico San Juan County (September).......... New York Binghamton (July) .............................. Elmira (August)................................... Nassau-Suffolk (December).............. New York (April) ................................. Rochester (November)....................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July)....... Utica-Rome (July)...............................  . •  B uyers/Contracting Specialists  III  IV  -  -  $544 ~  -  ”  i  $522  $829 -  _  -  -  -  -  —  —  —  -  538 609 -  -  II  III  $649 632  $782 752  670 692  873 -  -  Computer Programmers IV  $938 993  1,061 —  -  -  _  -  -  -  $498 '  -  -  —  -  -  II  $587 —  516  III  IV  $704 702 640  $808  867 _  —  Computer Systems Analysts V  -  1  II  III  IV  V  $1,379  $671 666 642  $829 872 802  $992 1,075 958  $1,124 1,129 1,129  690  824  1,007  1,184  625  732  -  -  -  —  516 ~  618 -  -  -  _  757  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  486 572 547  _  _  768  -  682  -  -  -  795 812 747  959 928  “  494 —  664  -  _  _  1,116  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  499  _  609  727  ~  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  519  692 634  -  _  _  -  -  -  797  _  —  475  -  '  -  -  -  490 485 385  604 587 452  703 681 599  804 772  -  -  715 664 686  820 806 739  957 952 919  -  488  622  792  —  -  -  -  926 "  _  1,214 1,103  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  474  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  438  525  683  734  -  666  814  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  577  633  -  -  605  750  867  -  -  -  -  _  _  466  -  -  "  691 728 730 691  _  -  539 589 574 600  _  814 834 886 808  1,063 983  —  -  -  —  -  -  —  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  — _  ~ 755  657 —  — —  $909 —  ~  -  888 848  -  707 673 723  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  634  _  _  — 497 543  —  —  —  _  631 625 567 507 508  767 753 626 632 629  878 884 743 740  -  -  _  — 490 525  — 625 635  — 515  -616  — 803 847 -  |  — 959 1,062 -  454 —  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1  69  _  $1,036 -  626 _  709 751 738 632  -  776 _  836 854 802 787 766  _  978  -  1,072 _  1,107  -  _  _  -  -  903 _  997 1,022 _  926 897  1,168 1,198 _ _  _ _ _  -  -  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Massachusetts Boston (May)...................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) ........... Worcester (August) ........................... Michigan Detroit (December)............................ Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March).... Upper Peninsula (May)...................... Van Buren County (November)......... Minnesota Duluth (May)...................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul (January)......... St. Cloud (April)................................. Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July) Columbus (May)................................ Jackson (December) ......................... Missouri Kansas City (August)........................ St. Louis (March).............................. Southern Missouri (June).................  I  II  Ill  $1,103  $1,282  $1,589  _  _  _  -  -  II  1  -  $582 569 690  _ _  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  III  IV  $740 690 —  $974 902  788 777  1,027 967  ”  1,049  “  V  $1,241  $1,164 —  .  ~  1,685  $1,037  —  -  —  “ “  “  —  —  _  -  ~  —  _  _  _  -  —  —  .  _  _  _  “  —  "  -  1,113  -  553  713  913  -  —  “  -  ~  1,226  $1,520 ”  1,314  -  $482  III  II  I  _  1,255 _  -  _  _  _  -  _  _  1,092  -  _  “  -  -  457  _  -  Person nel Supervisors/Mar agers  Personnel Specialists  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  -  -  Montana Billings (August) ................................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Nebraska Omaha (August)................................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah (December).....  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  '  ~ —  -  —  “  _  -  _ “  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  868  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  503  590 632  725 744  977 985  New Jersey Atlantic City (June) ........................... Bergen-Passaic (April) ...................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).............. Newark (February) ........................... New Mexico San Juan County (September)......... New York Binghamton (July) ............................ Elmira (August)................................. Nassau-Suffolk (December)............ New York (April) ............................... Rochester (November).................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July)..... Utica-Rome (July).............................  1,330 1,306  -  1,608 _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  424  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  70  543  —  1,233  ~ 1,025  1,409  -  -  -  — 1,766 — —  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Professional State, area, and reference month  Accountants i  North Carolina Goldsboro (August) ............................... Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February) ........................................... Ohio Cincinnati (March) ................................. Cleveland (August)................................ Columbus (November) ......................... Lorain-Elyria (May)................................ Scioto County (December)................... Toledo (March)......................................  II  III  IV  Accountants, Public V  VI  I  Ill  IV  II  Ill  IV  V  1  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  Li.si  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $1,256 1,061  $545  _ $1,176 _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ -  _ -  _ -  1,199  $1,531  $468 485  $546 556  $684 695  $872 905  “  ~  -  -  -  Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) ..........................................  -  — -  773  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January).............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November).....  478  569  719  962  1,240  540  682  869  -  -  -  -  — -  534  -  -  Rhode Island Providence (March)...............................  -  -  -  -  -  -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Charleston (February) ........................... Columbia-Sumter (May) ....................... Florence (January)................................ Greenville-Spartanburg (April).............. Greenwood County (October)..............  “  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  Texas Abilene (May) ........................................ Corpus Christi (April)............................. Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Northwest Texas (April)......................... Rio Grande Valley (January)................ San Angelo (October)............................ San Antonio (July).................................  718 -  $575 577  $634 653  $736 889  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  627  671 -  896 _ _ -  $961  -  _ -  _ _ -  -  -  -  -  _ _ _ _ ~  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ 559 545  _ _ 604 592  _ _ 658 662  _ _ 905 959  -  $639 634  II  III  IV  V  VI  VII  VIII  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ $1,126  _ $1,378  _ $1,533  _  $744 715  $813 830  _ $970  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ _ -  657  747  896  1,029  1,288  1,477  1,703  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ 739  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ 1,229  _ _ _  _ _ _ 538  -  -  _ _ _ _ -  _ _ 1,021 1,125  _ _ 1,380 1,412  _ _ 1,722 1,772  _ _ $2,128 1,956  _ _ 635 687  _  _ -  _ -  -  -  778  984  1,185  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1,089  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  1,492 1,479  1,663 1,761  $1,985 2,116  _ _ 650  * 520 556  704  923  -  -  -  475  555  544 534  597 604  628 749 770  440 “  651  963 1,007  -  -  1,275 1,310  _ $1,645 1,832  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  ”  ~  -  -  -  -  -  -  449  538 527  723  -  956  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Engineers  II  -  — -  Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March) ........... Dyer County (October) .......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February)..............................  Attorneys  71  _  -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ -  _ 675  698  863  _ 824  1,009 1,019  _ 1,266  773  818  915  714 749  833 877  1,011 1,046  1,232 1,261  _  _  740  838  1,070  1,329  _ -  -  -  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  North Carolina Goldsboro (August) ............................... Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February) ...........................................  III  IV  i  II  III  IV  -  -  -  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  Ohio Cincinnati (March)................................. Cleveland (August)............................... Columbus (November) .......................... Lorain-Elyria (May)................................ Scioto County (December)................... Toledo (March)......................................  -  -  -  Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) ..........................................  -  -  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January)............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November).....  $616 -  $757 — -  $476 449  -  $807 738  $968  -  IV  V  -  -  $461  559  $639  $806  543 493 542  598 549 585 524  666 661 694 653  798 765 885  I  II  III  IV  V  -  -  -  -  $719  $868  $1,087  -  -  -  689 657 652 634  810 769 821 777  1,013 934 931 931  $1,395 1,080 1,120  681  763  907  -  811  940  -  991 892 972 “  1,196 -  -  -  -  -  443  517  -  -  -  -  -  -  578  657  -  -  -  -  686 648  -  497  622  807  1,037  541  ~  635  -  468 397  625 554 566 500  709 691 661 674  854 869 -  -  781 643 749  -  -  -  861 776 839 766  -  -  -  -  -  -  485  646  764  -  669  779  919  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  447 -  604 585 536  649 589 673 651  693  745  770 790  916  -  -  -  -  -  ~  — -  “  — -  464  541 616  826  -  -  625 624  -  -  -  -  -  -  671 625  -  -  -  -  -  559 507  611  808 847 “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March) ........... Dyer County (October) ......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February)..............................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  813 “  491 510  604 637  -  -  -  —  566  $1,121  .  949 1,002 -  524 593 459 367 478  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $505  III  -  -  Texas Abilene (May) ........................................ Corpus Christi (April)............................ Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Northwest Texas (April)........................ Rio Grande Valley (January)................ San Angelo (October)........................... San Antonio (July).................................  -  II  -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Charleston (February) .......................... Columbia-Sumter (May) ....................... Florence (January) ................................ Greenville-Spartanburg (April).............. Greenwood County (October) ..............  -  $595 600  -  1  -  Rhode Island Providence (March)...............................  -  -  Computer Systems Analysts  Computer Programmers  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  Budget Analysts II  72  514 538 585 664 584 564  647 611  611 681 703 773 680 668  “  838 897 — “  —  -  845 839 724  703 740 689  757 811 826 936 791  658  815 769  925  997 872  -  -  -  1,071 982 1,123  1,197 1,400  1,009  1,187  -  —  .  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers i  North Carolina Goldsboro (August)............................... Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February) ........................................... Ohio Cincinnati (March) ................................. Cleveland (August)................................ Columbus (November) .......................... Lorain-Elyria (May)................................ Scioto County (December)................... Toledo (March)...................................... Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) .......................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January)............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November).....  II  Personnel Specialists  Ill  i  II  III  V  I  II  Ill  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $1,041  $1,182 1,226  $488  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ _ -  -  -  -  -  -  494  562  709  -  -  562  724  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — -  -  -  — -  1,080  1,256  ~  Rhode Island Providence (March)...............................  -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Charleston (February)........................... Columbia-Sumter (May) ........................ Florence (January)................................ Greenville-Spartanburg (April).............. Greenwood County (October)..............  — -  -  -  Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March) ........... Dyer County (October) .......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February).............................  -  -  -  Texas Abilene (May) ........................................ Corpus Christi (April)............................. Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Northwest Texas (April)......................... Rio Grande Valley (January)................ San Angelo (October)............................ San Antonio (July).................................  999 1,116 —  1,224 1,300  $1,507  '  -  -  ...  526 -  $598 568  $703 713  $941 907  $1,264 1,128  -  736  813  -  -  _ -  _ -  522  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  914  1,189  944  1,078 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — 714  861  _ -  _ _ -  — _ -  _ _ -  537  656 666  919  -  -  -  -  -  482  734 768  _ 928 1,025  _ 1,287 1,383  _  _  _  569 631  $1,039 999  $1,210 1,330  $1,683 1,684  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  487  674  948  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Personnel Supervisors/Managers IV  73  -  -  c -  -  -  _ -  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Professional State, area, and reference month  Accountants i  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)................. Vermont Burlington (August)............................... Statewide Vermont (August) ................ Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July).................  $485  -  II  Accountants, Public  III  IV  $571  $711  $917  $1,161  590  699 -  881  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  V  VI  I  II  III  Attorneys IV  II  III  IV  Engineers V  I  $626  454  548  664  950  -  -  -  -  499  560  720  931  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  527 -  714 -  -  -  -  -  647  798  1,001  “  —  _  -  II  $702  $838  V  VI  VII  $1,023  $1,208  $1,432  $1,677  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  -  -  ■~  -  -  -  -  — 808  -  -  $1,516  -  628  749  — 885  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  722 -'  788 "  -  **  “  —  “  -  —  ~  864  638  -  -  IV  -  $915  -  III  839  995  -  -  1,221 -  1,606  VIII  Washington  Bremerton-Shelton (December)........... Seattle (December)..............................  1,284  -  $481  $526  $621  1,077  1,297  West Virginia  Statewide West Virginia (June) ............  -  Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Green Bay (July) .................................. Madison (March) .................................. Manitowoc (December)........................ Milwaukee (October) ............................  .  -  1,100 -  -  -  Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September).........  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  74  -  Table B-6. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Buyers/Contracting Specialists  Budget Analysts III  IV  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)..................  -  -  -  Vermont Burlington (August)................................ Statewide Vermont (August) .................  -  -  -  ~  565 -  -  -  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)................................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July)..................  -  -  -  478  605 -  813  -  -  Washington Bremerton-Shelton (December) ........... Seattle (December) ...............................  -  -  -  450  558  West Virginia Statewide West Virginia (June) ............  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Green Bay (July) ................................... Madison (March) ................................... Manitowoc (December) ......................... Milwaukee (October) ............................. Wyoming Sweetwater County (September).........  —  —  i  II  III  IV  I  III  IV  V  $853  -  I  Ill  IV  V  $822  $1,007  -  -  -  582 567  598 622  ~  -  -  772 786  993  -  -  -  460  529 -  636 654  -  -  627 681  776 802  903 941  $1,235  -  -  -  -  518 553  — 665  -  -  693  730 814  956  -  — -  -  -  -  -  562  -  -  -  -  799  -  -  -  -  595 “  -  “  443 469 492  548 561 553  659 643 663  720  655 703 661  806 790 678  885 816  512  596  679  779  -  706  791  928  ~  -  “  635  825  “  “  —  —  —  ~  ”  —  -  —  —  $688  II  $719  $563  $495  II  $625  $468  $758  Computer Systems Analysts  Computer Programmers  II  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  t  75  Table B-6. Average weekly pay' in private industry, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Personnel Specialists  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Supervisors/Managers  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April) Vermont  Burlington (August)............. Statewide Vermont (August) Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July).............. . Washington  Bremerton-Shelton (December) Seattle (December)..................  $1,079  West Virginia  Statewide West Virginia (June) Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) Green Bay (July) .......................... Madison (March) .......................... Manitowoc (December) ................ Milwaukee (October) .................... Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September) publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for the following occupational levels did not meet publication criteria in any area: Attorneys I, Budget Analysts I, Budget Analyst Supervisors I and II, Buyers/Contracting Specialists V, Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers IV, and Personnel Specialists VI. In addition, for two occupations, only a single area published average pay data: Attorneys VI averaged $2,662 in New York, NY; and Personnel Supervisors/Managers IV averaged $2,108 in Chicago, IL.  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  76  Table B-7. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, technical occupations, selected areas, 1992 Computer Operators  Engineering Technicians  Drafters  Engineering Technicians, Civil  State, area, and reference month I  II  III  IV  I  II  -  -  -  -  Alaska Statewide Alaska (July)..................................  -  $456  Alabama Birmingham (July).......................................... Gadsden and Anniston (June)...................... Huntsville (January)....................................... Mobile (February)........................................... Montgomery (January)................................... Selma (July)...................................................  -  370 353 365 358  $407 466 461 443 -  Arizona Phoenix (May)................................................ Tuscon-Douglas (February)...........................  — -  382 383  470 468  $285  450 370  -  352  465 393 470 430  Arkansas Fort Smith (November) ................................. Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) ..... California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)...................... Fresno (February).......................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December).......... Oakland (February)........................................ Oxnard-Ventura (July).................................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August).............. Sacramento (August)..................................... Salinas-Monterey (February) ........................ San Diego (November) ................................. San Francisco (April) ..................................... San Jose (August) ......................................... San Luis Obispo County (October) ............... Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February)..................  387 — -  — 386 452 419 417 462 478 442 452  356  384 435  -  Connecticut Danbury (February)........................................ New Britain (February)...................................  417  556 509 555 539 543 538 516  $612 -  III  IV  I  II  III  IV  V  VI  I  II  Ill  IV  $680  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  565 537 500 513 527  -  ~  -  -  -  -  $426 339 408 '-  $452 409 439 440 380 -  -  560  359  -  -  427 398  567 533  “  -  431  620 638 607  334  505 410 526 503  -  $703  $356 369  $410 412  $549  -  $467 562 501 -  ~  -  -  567 540  683 599  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — -  — -  -  -  — -  ~  -  -  -  529 556  -  -  -  -  -  643  771 758  531 526  723 724  $848  $1,009  831  481 512  614 518 613 616 553 573 601 604  687 658  789 809 840  — — 962  450 478 467 518  553 646 547 609 597 575 641  734 739  445  -  -  -  -  -  -  582  -  -  -  531 589 -  -  -  487  548 604  -  -  703 -  790 ~  -  — -  -  529 559 567 -  586 648 640 -  -  471 546 -  -  -  479 469  -  383 406  529 490  -  -  512 510  576 620  -  -  -  577 642  717 691  781  -  -  -  Delaware Wilmington (December) .................................  -  434  557  -  -  539  652  -  -  -  -  758  -  -  -  -  District of Columbia Washington (February) .................................  369  413  487  556  340  448  565  700  396  459  549  649  832  -  307  405 390 451 357 408 384  466 507 602  -  289  449  422 311  488 402 420 495  466  619  -  -  -  -  — -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  493  551  686  -  -  -  -  -  Colorado Colorado Springs (June)................................ Denver (November) ....................................... Pueblo (July)..................................................  Florida Bradenton (April)............................................ Jacksonville (October) ................................... Miami-Hialeah (December)........................... Northwestern Florida (January) .................... Orlando (March)............................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) ......  308  447  -  -  367  371  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  77  658 713 735  -  -  $367  $388  $550 -  -  -  -  532  $617  -  Table B-7. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, technical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Engineering Technicians, Civil  Engineering Technicians  Drafters  Computer Operators State, area, and reference month I  Georgia Atlanta (April) ................................................. Augusta (June)............................................... Brunswick (May) ............................................ Columbus (May)............................................. Macon-Warner Robins (December).............. Savannah (February)..................................... Illinois Chicago (May)................................................ Joliet (September).......................................... Vermilion County (November)........................  ill  IV  $458 337  $527  $671  — 314 399 431  475 484  II  $334 -  $381 -  II  $491 438 414  III  IV  I  $590  — -  -  — 571  471  — -  513 538 -  604  411  465  610  -  “  “  —  —  368  425 446 451  553 540  660 619  349  420  -  325  332  -  -  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October)............................. Evansville (February)..................................... Fort Wayne (June) ......................................... Gary-Hammond (December) ........................ Indianapolis (July).......................................... South Bend-Mishawaka (September)...........  ~  404 334 376 407 400 350  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January)......................................................  -  400  521  -  Kansas Topeka (April) ................................................ Wichita (March)..............................................  293 -  377 341  457 474  Kentucky Louisville (September) ...................................  -  420  Louisiana Baton Rouge (May)........................................ New Orleans (July) ........................................ Shreveport (April)...........................................  330  379 363 367  Maine Statewide Maine (December) ........................  ~  Maryland Baltimore (May).............................................. Lower Eastern Shore (July) ..........................  345  353  1  516 475 462 615 464  -  509 459  $760  “  564 “  -  429  -  539  -  432  515  -  468  -  318  473  528  —  569 523  -  -  471 374  -  -  386  499  -  -  411  417 389  -  -  “  -  355 “  450 -  -  Massachusetts Boston (May).................................................. Lawrence-Haverhill (October)........................ Worcester (August)........................................  360 -  419 412 395  508 546 489  -  — -  509  Michigan Detroit (December) ........................................ Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March) ..... ......... Upper Peninsula (May) ..................................  364  419  542  717  -  481  “  383  —  —  —  432  499  644  492  730  -  —  -  $474  III  IV  $592  $683  V  $852  -  _ —  -  -  "  ~ ■  — —  ■  ■  -  $382  $519  —  475  572 563 —  712  862  “  —  ~  -  526 555 530 544  675  —  —  “  **  —  419 “  684  —  —  “  -  -  696  860  -  —  -  -  456  539  — -  -  ~  -  -  —  ~  —-  —  —  —  —  —  ~  —  —  —  -  ”  -  “  -  —  —  556  -  -  421  534  611  714  562  700 -  -  445  583  654  -  -  -  -  -  501 495 461  570  622  812  —  —  -  —  78  Ill  — —  -  -  II  — 498  605  650 553  I  — “  ”  —  VI  -  _  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  II  525  573  662 579  693 -  674 746 640  797 ~  745  837  -  '  “  -  $321  -  -  ~  ~ ~  -  $634  -  _  — -  “  _  —  “  ~ 608 —  401  514  —  —  -  -  ~  -  -  ~  -  IV  -  Table B-7. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, technical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Computer Operators  Drafters  Engineering Technicians  Engineering Technicians, Civil  State, area, and reference month i  Minnesota Duluth (May) .................................................. Minneapolis-St. Paul (January)..................... St. Cloud (April).............................................. Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July)........... Columbus (May)............................................. Jackson (December)......................................  II  III  IV  I  II  ill  IV  i  II  $692  $477  -  -  -  -  Ill  IV  V  VI  I  II  Ill  IV  $661 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $345 404 358  -  372 429  -  -  336 -  447 451 446  -  -  -  — — -  -  _ -  329  526 506 381  630 572 -  399 419 334  452 456 420  559 594 526  695 711 -  -  472 468 301  551 546 418  697 718 596  $341  $485 475  $618 -  $376 365  $447 443 -  $540 522  $589 560  Missouri Kansas City (August)..................................... St. Louis (March)............................................ Southern Missouri (June)...............................  -  404 418 346  Montana Billings (August) .............................................  -  383  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Nebraska Omaha (August).............................................  -  372  568  673  -  379  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah (December)..................  -  374  486  -  -  466  ~  -  -  -  -  -  -  345 387  467 519 532 535  663  440 468 574 509  534 611 673 619  741  -  540  654  434  -  611  748  535  -  -  -  -  592  -  484 429 -  511  -  732 825 -  New Jersey Atlantic City (June)......................................... Bergen-Passaic (April)................................... Monmouth-Ocean (August)............................ Newark (February).........................................  - -  396 455 451 430  New Mexico San Juan County (September) .....................  -  -  -  -  -  -  New York Binghamton (July).......................................... Delaware County (September) ..................... Elmira (August) .............................................. Nassau-Suffolk (December).......................... New York (April)............................................. Poughkeepsie (August).................................. Rochester (November)................................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July).................. Utica-Rome (July) ..........................................  336 -  352 450 476 527 432  452 448  639 663  489 503 546 491  North Carolina Goldsboro (August)........................................ Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February) .................................................... Ohio Cincinnati (March).......................................... Cleveland (August) ........................................ Columbus (November)................................... Lorain-Elyria (May)......................................... ■ Sandusky (October)....................................... Toledo (March)...............................................  306  $528 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  914  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  615 526 479  604 749 673 597  758  _ -  -  — -  -  -  _ _ -  -  327  540 464 420  609 -  -  -  297  -  -  392  -  -  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  300  375  449  -  -  451  564  ~  -  429  545  718  -  -  -  -  -  -  317  397 412 382 372  495 477 489 477  596 584  364 358  408 435 449 400  550 563 545 460 514 571  664  -  453 478  538 526 557 489  _ 615 653 588  _ 713  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  —  — 548 564  -  -  377  496  614  336 -  442  640 646 628  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $805  79  655 -  $383  414 -  -  -  493  636  -  -  -  ~  — -  -  -  Table B-7. Average weekly pay' in private industry, technical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Drafters  Computer Operators  Engineering Technicians, Civil  Engineering Technicians  State, area, and reference month I  Oregon Portland (May) ............................................... Salem (July)................................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November) ............................... Pittsburgh (January)....................................... Reading (May) ............................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November)..............  Tennessee Chattanooga (September) ............................ Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March).................... Memphis (October) ........................................ Nashville (February)....................................... Texas Abilene (May)................................................. Corpus Christi (April)...................................... Dallas (November)......................................... Houston (March) ............................................ Longview-Marshall (June)............................. Northwest Texas (April) ................................. Rio Grande Valley (January).......................... San Antonio (July).......................................... Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus (December)........  IV  I  II  III  IV  V  VI  I  II  III  IV  $436 422  $550  -  -  -  $538  $630  -  -  -  -  -  -  379  478 500 415 426  579 628 542 549  -  -  -  -  -  — -  — -  562  -  560  488  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  342 345 376  503 453  599  307 371 423 413  503 507 502  -  III  IV  i  $429 424  $489  -  -  427 426 412 386  522 498 475 467  $622  382  499  -  362 392 351 377  436  306 328 -  341 367 392 400  355 345 -  $349 -  Rhode Island Providence (March)........................................ South Carolina Charleston (February).................................... Columbia-Sumter (May)................................. Florence (January)......................................... Greenville-Spartanburg (April) ......................  III  II  -  475  438  $733 701  $548 459 -  583 564 534  691 684  $860  $686  ~  -  573  -  -  -  455 440 443 460  579  -  438  556  694  539  -  450  578 546  658  803  -  -  -  -  -  -  468 425 434 444  488 508 487  -  -  ~  570 576 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  571 644  444  552 567 643  683 853  492 505  535 642  783  898  -  403  547 -  “  -  -  462  589  711  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  449 468 521 447  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $404  II  $434  $1,075  $297  $418  $589  -  832 -  -  355 293 353 333  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April) .........................  310  392  548  574  364  427  564  -  364  425  528  652  733  -  -  -  -  -  Vermont Burlington (August) ........................................ Statewide Vermont (August).........................  -  371 359  402 440  -  -  422  530 549  -  -  444  529  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August) ....................................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July) .........................  -  395 405  475 462  -  -  434 455  553 -  -  566  643  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  “  -  -  Washington Bremerton-Shelton (December).................... Seattle (December)........................................ West Virginia Statewide West Virginia (June).....................  -  459  -  “  -  -  -  -  440  -  -  -  -  404  487  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  398  “  ~  346  521  609  680  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  80  497  -  707  621  -  -  -  598  -  “  “  _  —  Table B-7. Average weekly pay' In private industry, technical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Computer Operators  Drafters  Engineering Technicians  Engineering Technicians, Civil  State, area, and reference month I  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) ............... Green Bay (July)............................................ Madison (March) ............................................ Manitowoc (December).................................. Milwaukee (October)...................................... Wyoming Cheyenne (May) ............................................  II  -  $370 405 406 383 406  ~  303  $387  III  $443 468 494 511  ~  IV  -  I  II  $399  $434 416 439  364  461  —  —  Ill  $522 477 583  “  I  II  $668  -  -  -  -  ”  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  IV  Ill  $592  IV  V  $682  -  VI  I  II  Ill  IV  -  -  -  -  -  —  584  700  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for the following occupational levels did not meet publication criteria in any area: Computer Operators V and Civil Engineering Technicians V and VI.  81  Table B-8. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Clerks, Order  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  Alaska Statewide Alaska (July).........................  II  III  IV  I  II  III  IV  I  II  -  -  -  -  -  - .  $335  -  $418  292 250 296 260 288 259  $436  $560  $689  -  308 279 318 283 298 332  402 327 373 361 352  $203  -  490 454 -  -  -  -  296 226  341 296  396 356  501 442  243 205  286 234  326 298  454  -  344  334  -  -  -  364  337  380  -  -  280  412  339  468 353 459 456 450 411 406 438 411 472 492 387 432 403  555 470 535 524 555  321  -  390 325 404 396 355 351 372 373 355 395 418 340 377 317  319 275 336 347 408 334 281 277 290 366 358 309  Colorado Colorado Springs (June) ...................... Denver (November).............................. Pueblo (July) .........................................  ~  330 345 276  399 391  481 496  -  Connecticut Danbury (February).............................. New Britain (February) .........................  -  362 358  Delaware Wilmington (December)........................  -  District of Columbia Washington (February)........................  354  Alabama Birmingham (July) ................................. Gadsden and Anniston (June).............. Huntsville (January).............................. Mobile (February).................................. Montgomery (January) ......................... Selma (July) .......................................... Arizona Phoenix (May) ....................................... Tuscon-Douglas (February) ................. Arkansas Fort Smith (November)......................... Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)......................................... California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)............. Fresno (February) ................................. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) .............................. Oxnard-Ventura (July).......................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ........................... Salinas-Monterey (February)................ San Diego (November)......................... San Francisco (April)............................ San Jose (August)................................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ...... Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February)......... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May)............  $223 250  323 340 319  $250 233 286 256 267  $322 311 339 303 305  — 387 -  293  391 306 425 418 448 405 336 326 369 413 394 356 423 388  -  -  289 310 265  321 379 -  409 437  506 432  -  326 322  384  436  -  254  367  435  516  -  479 507 505 519 560 497 -  $431 399 435 -  $323  '  399  I  II  III  IV  I  $531  -  ~  -  -  -  339 307  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -'  -  -  “  [c*  -  -  356  -  -  287 289  385 325  -  -  -  -  -  -  275  -  245  362  494  388  512 450  395  418 394 429 517  345 279 360 389 338 324  406 347  -  $322  -  $428  $537  394  — — 467  -  -  355 358 288  431 431 382 379 388 443 446 423  278  351  -  380  298  432  ~  -  -  340 366  -  373 -  -  -  -  378 -  461 546  394 415  -  -  -  344  403  -  -  305  376  -  411  488  340  466  356  390  530 390  298 379  464 467 486 -  382 408 322 307  443 452 402 587 463 488 -  406 483  323  -  345 394  309  348  336  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  II  82  349  III  IV  V  $563  $647  $690  -  428 371 364 391 405  475 420 454 481 435  577 563 526 526 504  -  -  -  -  369 368  468 452  -  318  -  -  377  488  $626 -  $361 291 354 294 361 338  347  II  $648  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  $480  Word Processors I  -  II  III  $507  -  _ _ -  _ $316  -  289 269 288 272 271 262  -  _ 359 _ -  513 555  600 661  309 253  312 290  365 402  _ -  420  _  _  274  -  _  _  461  595  -  272  -  342  -  625 522  767  626 632 597 548 590 592 618 646 549 -  -  359 315 363 356 362 319 338 305 321 409 397 303 336 312  412  498  431 409 403 415 397 464 -  484 467 486 436 437 454 469 501 413 413  554 464 552 541 550 499 479 476 516 555 577 444 480 544  _ 686  761 765 643 699 756 771  301  394  462  $582  412 — 367 384  _ 535 466 488 413 430  439 373  441 532 426  _ _ _ 631 530  349 -  -  _ -  375  379 417  505  -  -  -  -  320 376  374 436  442 492  495 575  656  -  -  -  -  -  283 318 258  -  -  376  456 480  508 543  580 632  686 -  349 342  -  444 458  -  -  -  -  380  467  -  625  815  350  314  422  -  398  477  569  399  466  517  585  699  353  396  459  508  Table B-8. Average weekly pay' in private industry, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Clerks, Order  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month •  Florida Bradenton (April) .......................... Jacksonville (October).................. Miami-Hialeah (December) .......... Monroe County (September)....... Northwestern Florida (January).... Orlando (March)........................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) .......................................... Georgia Albany (June)............................... Atlanta (April)................................ Augusta (June)............................. Brunswick (May)........................... Columbus (May)........................... Macon-Warner Robins (December) .. Savannah (February) ........................ Illinois Chicago (May)................................... Joliet (September)............................. Vermilion County (November)........... Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October)................. Evansville (February) ........................ Fort Wayne (June)............................. Gary-Hammond (December)............ Indianapolis (July) ............................. Logansport-Peru (December)........... South Bend-Mishawaka (September)  II  III  IV  267  $322 324 361 341 299 330  $405 397 434 392 480 373  253  318  375  445  _ 269  281 361 311 324 316 318 322  _ 437 410 332 294 438 407  368 388 284  413 398 364  329 292 322 393 335 290 326  398 346 385 481 397 307 388  "  $272 -  — —  310 —  261 207 -  325 271 — '  $412 495 -  -  -  $248 261  III  IV  $367 413  $440 — ~  -  281 280  327 351  -  -  392  -  -  265  337  457  _ 531  _  _ 304  -  -  -  441 446 336  _  -  $203  444  -  -  -  -  -  502  268  269 —  302 319  -  —  458  336  412  -  -  -  -  276  358  —  ~  282  372  -  335  282 295  414 381  407  —  “  380 303  381 400  542 528  Kentucky Louisville (September)....................... .  -  328  402  537  -  275  332  -  _  _ 296 333 311  _  _  _  _  _ 394 412 318  _  -  —  -  -  521 491  —  272 272 227  322  -  » _  _  _  -  -  -  460  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  ~  83  373  $329 -  $389  -  $526  414 -  $464 -  -  391  -  II  III  $389 411 431 379 401  $484 463 462 484 456 436  408  465  -  431 368 359 348 313 359 322  -  343 465 382  389 511 557 515 428 504 450  416 452  463 426  513 508  422 382 486 395  510 501 403 531 491 507  428 440  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  356 304 340 406 342  ”  —  -  338  430  -  -  -  -  290  372  -  270 -  366 404  449 ~  250  370  259 277 245  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  -  562  -  323  -  465  -  458  -  395 -  360  -  311  -  -  -  352  -  -  -  290  -  -  387 376 367  -  -  -  391  -  254 269 278  -  -  —  -  420  334  -  250  —  -  348 343 348 354 362  291  -  "  -  -  271 257 278 326 307  _  -  548  -  -  _ 388  -  314 312  -  —  I  $341 350 379 336 354 343  -  300 301  _ 454  496  —  _ 330 264 279 276 320 305  -  316  500 390 357  444 475  -  -  —  _  -  _  -  -  -  273  -  -  -  392  -  311 360 350  ■  -  -  -  376 370  -  -  283  315  -  341  -  -  -  -  -  273  IV  389 294  -  -  Ill  -  -  502  II  -  -  499  $377 400  i  -  $351  326  II  -  -  -  $268 298 321  -  -  -  i  -  -  Kansas Topeka (April).................................... Wichita (March) .................................  -  II  $316 328 367  -  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January).........................................  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October).................... Baton Rouge (May) ........................... . New Orleans (July)............................ . Shreveport (April).............................. .  I  -  —  -  II  -  346  ~  324  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  -  -  “  -  -  “  IV  $521 563  V  -  $689  -  -  _  _  517  -  505  578  -  702  -  -  -  -  536  -  -  _  600 -  568 499 _  715 -  616 _ -  730  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  Word Processors .  II  $269 302 300 309 249 279  $351  277  326  375  248 335 265 226 269 340 249  346 312  287 283 282 317 316  -  $366  Ill  -  -  —  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  409  -  383  424  -  $501  -  -  -  _  _  266  -  -  _  _  _  307  381  -  -  367  438  496  _  _  _  270 280  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  _  389  _  —  294  325  “  630  737  312  309  386  483 432  534 538  811 605  292 283  305 -  -  -  -  301  -  379  -  360  416  446  593  369 350 344  456 428 410  464 477 433  582 582 481  -  -  260 297 292 240  -  -  -  _  _  -  401  _  -  -  -  Table B-8. Ayerage weekly pay' in private industry, clerics! occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Clerks, Order  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  Maine Oxford County (October)....................... Statewide Maine (December)...............  II  III  IV  I  II  Ill  IV  -  $312  $333 372  $438  -  $279  $342  355 350 309  414 343  545 -  -  284 -  389 -  $475  255  -  Massachusetts Boston (May)......................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .............. Worcester (August) ..............................  -  385 352 372  435 426 441  525 545 491  — -  334 336  413 447 445  Michigan Detroit (December)................................ Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March)...... Upper Peninsula (May)......................... Van Buren County (November)............  260 ~  350 348 320 343  448 407 376 -  622 456 -  Minnesota Duluth (May).......................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ St. Cloud (April).....................................  267  317 352 314  491 406 385  Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July) ... Columbus (May).................................... Jackson (December).............................  272  312 270 322  Missouri Kansas City (August)............................ St. Louis (March) ................................... Southern Missouri (June) .....................  299 358 -  Montana Billings (August) ....................................  Maryland Baltimore (May)..................................... Cumberland (December)...................... Lower Eastern Shore (July)..................  $311  $268  1  II  1  436 475 429  351 336 330  405 410 387  -  -  — -  — 291  394 414 -  -  320 265  425 331  298  “  -  395 421 368  -  -  -  391  -  297  333 382 290  412 415 353  482 -  283 223  288 336 261  387 402 335  510 459 431  -  313  378  -  -  232  292  Nebraska Dodge County (August).........................  -  283  -  -  -  236  Nebraska Omaha (August).................................... Scotts Bluff County (October)...............  258 -  339 246  390 300  -  -  Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah (December).........  -  325  392  486  -  New Hampshire Carroll County (October) ......................  -  275  “  —  -  324 301 275  416 399 371  456 458 416  504 505 487  604 591 544  718 625  375 360 343  412  470  -  -  -  -  -  429  453  337 267 294 298  471  -  563 591 425  339  -  -  -  -  -  355 324 -  329 349 357  431  -  464 553 -  252 299 261  499 368  374  -  252  452 -  $342 362  -  464 504  394 -  -  319 273  594  -  -  454 -  -  $523  -  312  425  $435  -  -  -  $403  $372  $304  335  V  IV  $429 -  $436 486 ~  $560  407  435  -  -  -  -  331 353 317  -  -  296 333  562  $684  $251 309  I  II  III  IV  Ill  II  Word Processors  Ill  II  $398  279 270  I  I  $322  -  $418  -  368  434  -  -  -  $342  $575  586  769  -  -  -  345 415 359  442 448  522  — 645  398  489  -  263 314 271  341  -  -  -  -  366  432 446 457  563  376  568  -  278 306 277  -  ~  — -  -  -  -  359 326  -  269 327  424  -  -  307 336 265  387 363  286 291 256  368 374  375  432  -  -  -  375 358 293  423 435 393  482 483 403  548 567 -  682 -  316 320 259  320 374 232  392 376 300  469  -  -  -  -  - .  263  -  -  -  -  -  323  386  394  -  -  273  317  -  -  330  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  280  -  -  -  252  339  -  -  351  -  -  429  498  587  361  -  -  -  -  -  284 231  291  -  -  389  -  -  337  -  -  270  -  -  -  290  391  427  -  -  297  395  -  -  -  -  359  388  460  494  622  320  -  -  -  —  -  —  -  “  —  -  -  —  —  —  -  -  “  264  -  -  “  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  II  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  84  -  Table B-8. Average weekly pay' in private industry, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Clerks, Order  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  New Jersey Atlantic City (June) ................................ Bergen-Passaic (April) ......................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).................. Newark (February) ................................  II  III  IV  i  $528 529  -  $325 333 304 322  -  $335 393 378 383  $430 449 437 437  286  367  -  290  436 384 379 460 453 443 458 396 382  446  -  302 386 396 338 392 327 314  -  283  -  Ohio Cincinnati (March) ................................. Cleveland (August)............................... Columbus (November) ......................... Lorain-Elyria (May)................................ Sandusky (October) .............................. Scioto County (December) .................... Toledo (March)......................................  New Mexico San Juan County (September)............. New York Binghamton (July) ................................. Delaware County (September)............. Elmira (August)...................................... Nassau-Suffolk (December)................. New York (April) .................................... Poughkeepsie (August)........................ Rochester (November)......................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July).......... Utica-Rome (July)..................................  $325 334 334  -  343 299 376 268  545 615 521  $284 260  II  III  IV  .  $366 392 424  II  $432  1  $299 331 316 338  II  i  II  Ill  IV  417  -  _ -  -  _ -  $345 389 435 438  -  -  -  345  $473 394  $397  $450  391  466  268  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  282 324 356  330  424  357  406  494 -  474 -  269 279 258  438 440  334 267  372 328 338  268 262  379 401  412 461  380 308  -  _  455  _ $415 407  $488 498 “  _ $618  I  316  -  -  -  -  279  -  -  406  414 508 560  _ 610 643  _ 707 767  356  _ _ 437 523  542 439 446  605 523 542  728 624 -  281 287 267 356 390 310 316 297 279  322 287  _ 375 356  -  457 491  -  _ _ - • $574  _  -  306  -  _  _  598  -  314  -  356  -  341  397 407 436  548 522 572 459  739 672 620 594  379 449 399  _ 517  682  300 309 313 279 268 307  335 345  _ 397  450 474 493 414 518 _ 478  _ 349  _ _ 393  _ _ _ _ -  -  -  -  -  -  258  -  -  -  340 -  417 406  470  535 -  606 -  321 291  332  -  -  405 -  _ -  399 398 352 324  433 411 356 355  498 450 444 420  565 504 526 441  664 594 -  339 289 304 262  -  426 470 360 -  . -  348  401  425  497  595  312  -  370  _  -  -■  275  _  -  341  -  326  -  291  351  -  -  -  299 275 286 329 253 229  320 347 347 313 341 331  393 411 414 384  241 244 247  283  323  380 416 403 384  287 292  330 351 379 392  317 358  502 402 513  303 296 320  -  323 300 323 266 216 266  384 424 376  310 380  453 496 485 492 481  -  431  — — -  386 388 _ -  — _ -  -  394 _ 427  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September)..............  -  264  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) ..........................................  -  346 337  401 392  510 -  -  283 270  355 -  -  340  -  322 284  366 -  -  -  -  -  -  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January).............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) .....  311 282 267 275  355 326 335 307  417 444 409 366  480 544 -  254 245  311 266  378 326  427 558  451  -  263  323  -  369 337  -  316 -  -  548  -  312 294 294 292  478  -  Rhode Island Providence (March)...............................  281  346  434  435  245  296  357  423  -  387  304  394  -  -  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _ _ -  412  341  302  85  _ $477 413 433  517  265  437  See footnotes at end of table.  342 389  366  -  372  385  $337  III  424  -  336  — — 301  _ 684  $300 374 345 352  II  409  340  469  $510 708  I  _  -  _  $453 610 568 594  V  _  -  _  $415 535 525 550  IV  -  -  North Carolina Goldsboro (August) .............................. Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February) ...........................................  $404 463 458 481  III  Word Processors  416 422 441 305 299  -  -  II  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  -  412  370  -  Table B-8. Average weekly pay1 in private industry, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Order  Clerks, General  Clerks, Accounting  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month III  IV  I  $398 373 391  $440  -  -  $325 306 309 325 315 294  -  310 286 360 323 319  363 420  244 333 303  -  282 306 360 350 302 303 236 222 327 344  368 376  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).................  249  325  Vermont Burlington (August)................................ Statewide Vermont (August) ................  -  -  Virgin Islands of the US (November) .....  II  i  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Charleston (February) ........................... Columbia-Sumter (May) ........................ Florence (January) ................................ Greenville-Spartanburg (April).............. Greenwood County (October).............. Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March)........... Dyer County (October) .......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February).............................. Texas Abilene (May)........................................ Corpus Christi (April)............................. Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Longview-Marshall (June) .................... Northwest Texas (April)......................... Rio Grande Valley (January)................ San Angelo (October)............................ San Antonio (July)................................. Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus (December)  $255 _ 238  ~  — 388 372  -  II  -  ~  -  434  -  — $231  $271 298 259 266  — 266 276  III  IV  $350 322 360 335  $446 428  -  342 350 — 379 -  ' — -  „ $300  II  $379 -  “ 285 281 — 347 337  410 393  — 305 372  -  330 390 ~  437 422 456 456 — 451 — -  -  — 461 -  -  273  350  -  291  -  -  258  360 360  -  -  -  -  -  -  306 329  390 417  -  -  267 307  335 355  417 411  —  247  298  551  337 388 423 435 362 406 296  509 491 534 461  -  265 259 329 311  459  279 246 228  271 249 275 256  -  -  413  504  305 321  375 351  -  368  269 291  —  260 185  337 376 409 400 391 318  -  1  1  $286 293 283 ~ 276 267 321 311  242 259 308 303 278 275 216  III  IV  —  —  —  $353 345 349 337 339  ”  -  384 348 — 355 334  — -  $333  “  ~ -  351 314 ~ 334  340 382 395  371 404 370  $536  $559  330 306 413 400 327 355 328  -  -  $370  -  Washington Bremerton-Shelton (December) ........... Seattle (December) ............................... West Virginia Statewide West Virginia (June) ............  552  -  IV  $400 413 393 409 390 407  $453 452  $567  451 465  536  396  429 381  —  461 442  556 552  — 439 373  V  — $609  -  “ “ “ “ _  598 620 531  ~  461 471 505 511 400 453 380 435 429 488  —  — -  436 458 472  Word Processors  Recep­ tionists  I  $322 262 284 279 304 281  289 261  $283 274 “  “  II  III  “ ~ ~ ‘  — — “ -  —  ~  296 298  385 350  247 254 345 307 282 249 220 225 275 253  383 362  —  $337  — ~ ” ~  $546 515 — ~ — ” —  275  335  -  ~  — -  350  296  354  -  339  406  544  337  378  444  545  —  282  —  387  "  265  415  265  329 308  -  -  *  “  349  403 406  464 459  —  —  314 313  “ —  ■  “ ■  -  -  -  297  364  -  -  -  -  -  438  483  561  -  300  -  -  -  317 362  -  292  -  374  -  417  485  287 295  386  -  -  -  -  348 420  389 434  442 462  524 563  666 635  256 301  305 327  352 395  —  449  495  585  — 696  290 336  —378  ~ 483  554  534  612  437  -  -  350 318  -  294 312  340 370  — 453  — 356  — 412  — 337  — 407  — -  — -  -  — “  399  -  264  292  407  “  —  '  225  379  —  “  "  "  453  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  —  504  —  III  II  II  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News Richmond-Petersburg (July).................  •  1  II  Switch­ board  86  426 411  528  695 730  266  “ “ — 340  450 436 ~ 453 — ~ 349 —  Table B-8. Average weekly pay' in private industry, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accountin g  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Clerks, Order  State, area, and reference month 1  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Green Bay (July) ................................... Madison (March) ................................... Manitowoc (December) ......................... Milwaukee (October) .............................  $274 272 307 280  II  $314 310 332 314 356  III  $385 411 368 409  IV  $418 501 502  1  $259  II  $255 309 283 310  III  IV  $321 373 410 371  I  — $435  $341  II  1  244  _ $356 367 433  _ -  _ -  II  $249 299 257 314  $330 340 324 363  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  I  II  Ill  IV  _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ -  $356 337 376 327 408  $379 383  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  I  II  _ 435  Ill  IV  V  $422 462 443  $605 518  _  479  556  _ $628  -  -  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  $281 282 307 296 329  Word Processors  I  II  Ill  $277 349  $373  344  407  -  -  -  -  Wyoming  Cheyenne (May).................................... Sweetwater County (September) .........  —  263 374  341 —  ~  -  -  _ “ ‘  _ “  345  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  j  ~  ■ ' rr  ! -  10*6  *  ! ops’  __  _ -  516  228 346  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail.  87  Table B-9. Average hourly pay1 in private industry, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  Tool and Die Makers  -  -  ~  $18.23  ~  —  $15.06  $12.08 13.51 14.49 12.54 13.31  $12.19 10.06 15.18 13.21 11.68  13.03 12.62 14.91 9.88 10.65  **  $10.96 11.30  15.59 15.32  16.96  13.14 14.83  15.15 11.95  -  15.15  -  11.62 14.45  12.05 12.72  11.21 13.85  —  20.59 15.93 17.97 17.66  15.39 13.56 17.42 19.46 15.88 15.12 15.45 14.39 16.04 18.93 18.19  15.34 12.03 16.66 18.19 16.96 16.07 16.06 15.40 16.04 18.41  Electricians I  II  III  -  -  $19.26  8.17 7.71 9.22 8.02 8.22  $13.14 12.77 14.85 13.68 13.53  $7.67  16.03 12.96  -  16.44  8.15 7.45  17.06  10.76 8.58  15.32 12.26  7.73 7.22  12.62 14.09  -  12.62 16.60  10.53 7.28 10.49 10.59 9.13 9.84 8.64 10.00  18.39 14.34 18.88 21.47  Alaska  Statewide Alaska (July) ..............................  $12.44  Alabama  Birmingham (July)........................................ Gadsden and Anniston (June).................... Huntsville (January)..................................... Mobile (February) ........................................ Montgomery (January).................................  -  -  “  13.97  Arizona  Phoenix (May).............................................. Tuscon-Douglas (February)........................  -  —  Arkansas  Fort Smith (November) ................................ Little Rock-North Little Rock (November) .... California  Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) ................... Fresno (February)........................................ Los Angeles-Long Beach (December)........ Oakland (February)...................................... Oxnard-Ventura (July) ................................. Riverside-San Bernardino (August)............ Sacramento (August)................................... Salinas-Monterey (February)...................... San Diego (November)................................ San Francisco (April) .................................. San Jose (August) ...................................... San Luis Obispo County (October)............. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February) ............... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May) ..................  10.36 11.57 9.79 9.73 8.02  16.67 16.68 15.39 18.66 19.60 -  -  10.44  16.17 14.06 16.58 16.80 13.49 15.96 13.69 13.83 15.53 17.85 14.62  -  15.38  10.43 -  j -  18.78 19.83 18.30 18.67 18.99  16.90  -  16.02  -  -  18.76 13.67  20.16  15.81  -  -  17.95  15.32 13.23  16.76 14.69  _  13.04 14.80  _  — $17.92  18.66 20.44  -  16.98 17.98 21.26  “ —  -  -  -  ~  Colorado  Colorado Springs (June)............................. Denver (November) .................................... Pueblo (July)................................................  8.35 6.70  12.46 18.29 -  -  11.76 11.84  17.56 17.28  -  14.78  9.24  18.61  -  8.57  17.13  -  -  13.37 14.03 11.56  13.18 17.03 ~  “  —  Connecticut  Danbury (February) .................................... New Britain (February).................................  -  15.45  16.54 17.50  14.86 17.41  15.55  16.02  -  16.77  15.09  17.23  18.72  17.35  18.21  15.49  14.83  -  Delaware  Wilmington (December).............................. District of Columbia  Washington (February)..............................  12.64  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  88  ~  "  15.73  Table B-9. Average hourly pay1 in private industry, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  Maintenance tieciricians I  Machinists  Pipefitters  Tool and Die Makers  _ -  _ _ _ _ _ $14.18  _ $18.26  16.40  15.33 14.38  13.27 15.32 15.17 13.15 11.26 13.78 11.62  15.72 18.22  16.09 18.95  18.83  Machinery  Vehicle  $17.32 13.64  $13.90 11.95  $11.65 13.63 13.01  $15.41 17.64  16.59 14.05 15.01  16.60  13.07 11.90 15.49  ~ 19.11  17.45  “  11.08  II  III  Florida Jacksonville (October) .............................. Monroe County (September) ...................... Northwestern Florida (January) ................. Orlando (March)....... ........................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)....  $8.58 8.56 8.28 8.10 7 61 7.68 8.16  $16.23  $15.53 15.75  17.09 13.84 16.19  14.98 13.78 -  16.92  11.63  — — ~ ~  16.30  Georgia  Columbus (May) ................................... Macon-Warner Robins (December)............ Savannah (February).................. Illinois Chicago (May) ....................................... Joliet (September) ............................... Vermilion County (November) ..................  8.11 9.69 9.85 7.41 7.64 8.39 7.51  11.07 11.80 8.55  14.46  11.49 15.68  — “ 13.86  17.42  14.35 17.08 18.69  ~  ~  12.89  ~  15.86 -  17.21 13.43 16.03 10.93  "  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October)............................ Fort Wayne (June)................................... Gary-Hammond (December) ....................... Indianapolis (July).................................. Logansport-Peru (December) ..................... South Bend-Mishawaka (September)......... Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) .... Kansas Topeka (April) ................................... Wichita (March)............................................  9 93 8.40 9.39  13.85 15.27 15.88 16.88 18.76  ~ ~ 15.46 ~  12.91 17.45 16.18  Shreveport (April).................................... Maine Oxford County (October) .......................... Statewide Maine (December) ...............  _  _ _ _  -  -  -  18.41 14.94  —  13.80 15.41 14.91 16.18 15.72  16.90  17.66  13.17 15.48 14.81 18.16 15.92  19.26  13.53  14.60  15.00  15.23  14.45 12.57 14.76 _ _ 14.82 14.69  16.92  17.39  14.84 15.56 16.65  -  -  8.85 9 32 9.93  14.98  -  -  -  8.93  17.03  -  14.91  -  -  16.46  14.97  8.39 10.61  16.31  14.33  18.24  ~  15.01 15.94  14.36 -  -  _ 16.76  17.37  8.67  18.23  16.39  “  17.48  16.46  13.85  18.31  6.93 8.13 8.98  17.82 13.38 18.21  17.49 15.75  ~ ” “  17.57 15.93 16.87  16.47 13.30  _ 16.38  -  15.36 12.44 15.83  -  _ _ _ _  13.25  13.14  13.67  15.73  15.22  8.02 9.05  13.92  10.20  12.54  16.67  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  -  -  —  Kentucky  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October) .............................. Baton Rouge (May)...............................  _  -  89  -  _  Table B-9. Average hourly pay1 in private industry, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  Tool and Die Makers  $15.82  $14.80  $14.00  $13.88  $16.11  $17.30  -  ~  10.25  11.05  16.28 16.38 14.55  15.62 14.77 13.67  15.96 14.60 15.80  17.00 17.71 14.95  18.26  18.28  15.79  19.21  19.29  15.21 14.58  13.10  16.09  13.50  14.01 14.98 12.46  13.00 14.76 14.01  14.00 18.78  Electricians  III  II  I  Maryland Baltimore (May) ................................. Cumberland (December) ................... Lower Eastern Shore (July)...............  $10.10 8.14 7.85  $15.90 12.71  ~  Massachusetts Boston (May) ..................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October)........... Worcester (August)............................  10.61 12.25 11.60  17.26 18.01 15.41  $11.87  Michigan Detroit (December)............................ Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March) ... Upper Peninsula (May)...................... Van Buren County (November) ........  10.74 9.29 8.78 12.16  19.37 15.28 15.54  Minnesota Duluth (May)...................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul (January)......... St. Cloud (April) .................................  10.83 11.75 9.43  14.24 17.61 17.72  Mississippi Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July) Columbus (May) .......................-...... Jackson (December)..........................  8.40 7.50 8.31  14.38 12.15 15.68  -  15.21 13.44 15.42  Missouri Kansas City (August)........................ St. Louis (March) ............................. Southern Missouri (June).................  7.52 9.60 7.68  18.41 18.09 13.08  -  17.55 16.48 15.45  17.68 16.73  Montana Billings (August)................................  7.46  16.80  -  17.64  Nebraska Dodge County (August) ...................  8.74  -  -  -  Nebraska Omaha (August) ............................... Scotts Bluff County (October)..........  8.55 7.71  14.50  Nevada Las Vegas-Tonopah (December) ....  9.65  17.29  -  16.08  18.67  16.78  New Hampshire Carroll County (October)..................  8.18  -  -  -  -  -  New Jersey Atlantic City (June)........................... Bergen-Passaic (April)..................... Monmouth-Ocean (August) ............. Newark (February)...........................  12.29 11.28 11.97 11.63  -  -  16.58 16.27 14.64 17.78  _ _ -  -  14.34 14.11  $18.82 20.16  “  ~  _  19.46  15.80  -  19.52  15.59  19.89 15.80 ~  13.27 17.66 14.48  -  13.72  13.38 —  11.01 -  _  _  18.32 13.83 12.85  -  15.44  18.00 14.18  11.37 14.96  12.04  15.56 17.34 12.56  17.59 15.01 12.28  16.10 14.78 12.05  18.22 17.67  -  -  17.76  14.90  18.05  -  -  -  -  12.52  12.28  17.23  15.98  15.59 13.65 15.26  14.26 15.07 15.51 15.86  —  18.90 18.43 12.39  -  _ -  10.02 “  _  _  18.05  16.43 17.02 18.17  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  14.70  90  -  15.47 15.26  17.76  16.39 14.72 16.61  Table B-9. Average hourly pay1 in private industry, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued  State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Maintenance Electronic Technicians Electricians I  II  III  -  _  _  _  $14.91  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  -  _  $12.50  .  $12.97  $13.70 14.33  15.55  -  _ 16.98  Tool and Die Makers  New Mexico  San Juan County (September) New York  Binghamton (July)..................... Delaware County (September) .. Elmira (August).......................... Nassau-Suffolk (December) ..... New York (April)......................... Poughkeepsie (August) ............ Rochester (November) ............. Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July) Utica-Rome (July).....................  9.59 8.40 9.52 11.10  12.92 9.15 11.04 9.24 9.23  $15.84 18.61 17.67  -  -  -  -  _  15.73  -  -  -  13.38 18.50  —  -  -  —  —  -  _ _ $18.09  -  15.17 17.36  -  17.64 13.53  -  -  "  ~  -  14.10 13.07  16.05 17.17  _  _ _ _ _  .  —  $16.46  13.88 15.98 13.09  16.81 14.69 14.82 13.01  $16.82 13.56  _ _ 18.14 16.80 14.25  -  14.93  -  _ _  North Carolina  Goldsboro (August)............................... Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February)...........................................  8.08  12.91  -  9.68  14.63  t;-  9.21 9.99 9.02 8.84 8.49 10.08  16.48 17.07 17.30 18.20 18.82 17.03  |  .  -  12.28  10.89  15.19  14.30  13.15  19.84  14.90  13.64 15.03 17.17 16.02  14.96 16.12 15.87 15.62 17.07 16.78  14.74 15.04 15.54 14.64  18.17 18.60 17.08  15.80 14.35 18.37 15.45  15.78  13.49 —  15.13 15.76  12.71  14.94 14.66 12.83 13.22  15.86 13.92 13.44 14.68  13.52  13.53  _ 14.57  -  20.27  -  Ohio  Cincinnati (March)...... Cleveland (August) .... Columbus (November) Lorain-Elyria (May) .... Sandusky (October) .... Toledo (March) ..........  _ $9.61 -  10.14  14.38 13.86 17.14 13.25  —  —  —  -  16.40 _ —  -  14.07  15.63  15.83  15.74  _  _ _ 18.18  17.08  Oregon  Portland (May)........... Salem (July)...............  9.13 9.34  15.44 14.38  10.43  14.02 —  -  16.65 -  -  Pennsylvania  Philadelphia (November) ............... Pittsburgh (January) ...................... Reading (May) ............................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November)  10.26 9.72 9.68 10.77  16.07 14.86 14.64 14.49  9.90 — —  19.07 15.13  -  —  —  13.37  14.29  15.57 13.74 -  16.90 14.49 _  16.43 16.15  -  13.89  14.55  -  15.17  13.35 13.76 10.20 12.12 11.64  13.17 11.49 10.99 12.29  _ _ 14.78  15.11 14.24 13.38  _  -  Rhode Island  Providence (March) ........................  10.32  14.82  -  -  _  _ 15.40 15.99 14.73  -  South Carolina  Charleston (February)............. Columbia-Sumter (May).......... Florence (January)................... Greenville-Spartanburg (April) . Greenwood County (October)...  7.38 7.79 8.29 8.70  13.75 13.99 13.12 12.45  -  _ 15.29  —  Tennessee  Chattanooga (September) ....... Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March) Dyer County (October)............. Memphis (October).................. Nashville (February) ................  17.15 18.65  9.04 8.36 9.02 8.63 8.28  12.42 11.96 15.73 16.38  11.67 '  15.09  -  -  -  12.74 11.59  11.83 11.64  12.98 11.99  -  -  _ _  -  -  15.28  14.29 13.83  15.10 14.83  -  12.99  _ -  16.78 16.03  —  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  91  Table B-9. Average hourly pay' in private industry, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  Texas  Abilene (May)........................................ Corpus Christi (April) ............................. Dallas (November)................................ Houston (March)................................... Longview-Marshall (June).................... Nacogdoches County (September) ..... Northwest Texas (April) ........................ Rio Grande Valley (January) ............... San Angelo (October)........................... San Antonio (July) ................................ Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus (December)  General Maintenance Workers  $7.30 6.77 9.14 8.61 7.80 7.97 5.94 7.56 6.75 8.08  Vermont  Burlington (August)............. Statewide Vermont (August) Virgin Islands of the US (November)....  $15.69 14.59 17.19 13.58 11.42 15.42 12.91  1  II  III  $11.01 11.93  $13.53 16.48 15.41 15.85  $18.36 16.73 17.42  -  14.61 13.92  -  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  $17.78 15.07 18.07 15.12  $10.13 17.03 14.41 15.79 12.25  $11.33 11.50 16.42 12.22 11.14  14.84 11.21  -  11.56 14.04  12.77 9.09 13.05 11.25 14.25  13.75  14.99  -  13.41 13.10  11.28 13.22  _  14.15 _ _  12.54 16.55  -  15.36 15.38  8.64  14.40  -  -  9.60 9.47  13.81 13.25  -  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)  Electronic Technicians Electricians  _  17.25  11.58 14.20  15.04  12.65  _  Tool and Die Makers  ~  $17.10  — -  $16.00 15.39 13.77 15.62 “ 14.27  15.34  _  14.55  -  _  8.03  Pipefitters  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July)...............  Bremerton-Shelton (December)......... Seattle (December)............................  14.66 18.73  16.92  17.73  14.96  14.33  13.83  15.57  13.68  17.46  14.79 13.91  14.25 14.50  14.35 13.87 12.82  15.20  14.91  -  -  7.91  15.06  -  -  9.47 8.76 9.51 10.46 10.16  15.39 14.99 14.13  -  17.81  _  _  -  7.73 7.76  -  16.62  19.97  17.08  _  -  -  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17.31  14.88 17.94  Wyoming  Cheyenne (May) ........................ Sweetwater County (September)  18.62  10.08  Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) Green Bay (July)........................... Madison (March)........................... Manitowoc (December)................ Milwaukee (October)....................  13.38 13.14  15.25 17.85  17.67  -  West Virginia  Statewide West Virginia (June)..........  13.21 19.54  14.94 19.18  Washington  14.45 18.80  14.01 17.37  8.58 7.48  -  _  11.89 15.02  15.57  17.46 18.92  14.76  -  _  — -  18.08  -  _  — 13.37 17.15  -  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail.  92  Table B-10. Average hourly pay’ in private industry, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 State, area, and reference month  Guards  Forklift Operators  Material Handling Laborers  Order Fillers  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Truckdrivers Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  Warehouse Specialists  $17.55  $15.60  Alaska  Statewide Alaska (July)  $7.88  $7.58  $11.25  Alabama  Birmingham (July).................... Gadsden and Anniston (June) . Huntsville (January)................. Mobile (February) .................... Montgomery (January) ........... Selma (July).............................  $9.69 10.49 9.53 10.94 9.37 9.53  4.77 5.11 5.68  4.73 8.00  $7.32 7.00  4.62  5.23 5.87 4.80 5.44  5.62 4.88  5.22 5.13  6.07  7.08 4.66  7.40 4.62  6.42 9.92  8.49  6.33 5.92 6.49 7.34 8.34 6.83 7.03 7.21 6.81 9.07 7.26 7.22 7.87 6.99  8.31 6.38  11.21  8.07 8.49  $9.14  7.94 7.94 10.40 11.44 9.90  $9.52  $8.25 9.87  10.30 11.47  10.62 9.76 12.32  8.45 10.34  Arizona  Phoenix (May) .................... Tuscon-Douglas (February).  8.49 6.91  $6.95 5.77  13.12  10.96 8.88  13.44 8.08  11.31 8.07  8.94 11.50  9.86  Arkansas  Fort Smith (November)............................ Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)  9.86 8.62  8.15 8.09  10.63 12.21  California  Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) ............... Fresno (February).................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .... Oakland (February) ................................. Oxnard-Ventura (July) ............................. Riverside-San Bernardino (August)........ Sacramento (August)............................... Salinas-Monterey (February).................. San Diego (November)............................. San Francisco (April)..... .......................... San Jose (August) ................................... . San Luis Obispo County (October)......... . Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa (February) ............ Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May) ...............  11.11  10.14 12.94 13.79  12.35 15.81 10.17  4.79 6.76 6.58 6.00 5.74 6.15 6.94 6.37 6.93 7.94  14.26 9.32  6.31 7.26  12.30  $9.84  13.11  12.92  10.73  12.76 14.70  7.38 11.64  8.22  10.11  9.51 8.46 10.76 11.05 9.43  7.09  11.22  7.44 8.74 11.14 7.57 6.52  8.54 11.69 10.24  7.30 9.42 7.99  13.74  14.45 10.75 12.90 16.16  12.44  11.82 10.82  11.48  12.75  11.02 11.88  10.53  12.79 12.66  15.34 15.55 14.13 12.71 13.74  10.73 9.17 11.49 11.54 11.63 12.85 11.50 10.32 10.62  12.64 15.63 15.29  11.16  14.29 12.50  12.72 10.08  10.70  10.08 11.05  Colorado  Colorado Springs (June). Denver (November)....... Pueblo (July)..................  5.31 5.72  7.10 9.03  8.98 9.87 8.67  6.09 6.49  9.55 12.27  12.22  9.93  Connecticut  Danbury (February) ...... New Britain (February) ..  9.60  6.79 6.57  11.06  9.64 8.98  10.19  9.77 10.25  9.50  15.60  11.52  7.38  15.07  14.66  9.29  16.98  10.95  10.03  Delaware  Wilmington (December) .  15.44  8.38  District of Columbia  Washington (February) .  10.26  10.69  6.34  7.73  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  93  Table B-10. Average hourly pay1 in private industry, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992  State, area, and reference month  Florida Bradenton (April) ...................................... Jacksonville (October).............................. Miami-Hialeah (December)...................... Monroe County (September)................... Northwestern Florida (January)............... Orlando (March) ....................................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) .. Georgia Albany (June) .......................................... Atlanta (April)........................................... Augusta (June)........... ............................ Brunswick (May)...................................... Columbus (May) ...................................... Macon-Warner Robins (December)........ Savannah (February)............................... Illinois Chicago (May) ......................................... Joliet (September) ................................... Vermilion County (November) ................. Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October) ....................... Evansville (February)............................... Fort Wayne (June)...................... ............ Gary-Hammond (December).................. Indianapolis (July)................................... Logansport-Peru (December).................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September)....  Forklift Operators  $10.69 7.75 _  9.20 10.10 12.07  7.26 9.30  Guards Janitors II  I  $7.00 5.20 5.55 6.86 4.69 5.93 4.82  -  $8.63 — — -  “  8.73 6.33  _  -  -  -  _  —  7.86 9.30 9.89  4.85  -  -  -  -  ”  11.97 10.89 13.54  6.26 7.35  _  8.51 8.71 10.74 13.67 12.49 9.77  -  -  _  -  8.08 5.55 6.22  —  _  _  -  -  “  -  $6.88 5.01 4.95 6.07 5.48 6.04 5.16  Material Handling Laborers  Order Fillers  $9.09 8.04  $6.48 7.44 6.87 8.05 7.17  8.22 9.52  _  _  -  5.67 5.12 5.70  7.88 6.44  -  -  -  7.62 8.51  7.26  -  5.03 5.45  7.95 9.72 6.12  7.14 7.76 6.77 9.22 6.20 8.19  -  -  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  $8.98 8.11  Continued Truckdrivers Light Truck  $7.32 7.08  _  7.06 9.73 7.75  7.89  “  10.53 11.55  _  9.76  10.27  -  8.28 10.01 “ 7.33  -  13.41 -  8.49 7.59  —  7.67  8.31 8.75 9.22 12.75 9.46 10.33 9.02  Tractor Trailer  $12.35 12.35  $14.87 9.76  $13.14 11.28  _  14.38 -  -  -  -  -  11.89  9.26 12.55 7.66  -  15.78 16.14  11.15 14.41  8.71 12.28 11.31 13.83 15.86  9.42 9.52 8.78 12.94 10.14 9.09  16.29 13.49  -  -  7.64 6.98  -  _  _  7.12 _  11.73 _  13.51 —  -  10.92  -  -  11.35 12.52  -  9.52  7.04 6.66  _  9.23  —  7.25  8.57 10.70  8.46  7.29  ^Kentucky Louisville (September)............................  11.06  4.99  6.15  9.52  10.03  10.66  8.19  ~  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October) ........................ Baton Rouge (May) ................................ New Orleans (July)................................. Shreveport (April) ..................................  _  8.46 9.05  -  -  — 11.52  —  -  14.16  11.64  9.04  _  4.80  -  -  5.02 5.29  -  9.34  12.94  -  4.72 4.68  7.15 6.85  6.42  -  6.13 7.47  7.98  7.70  6.62  _  9.98  11.36  _  -  5.90  -  6.01 8.23 6.18  _  -  8.12 13.35  11.28 7.21  _  6.57  -  — 6.69  94  —  9.41  6.69  12.17  9.57  12.85  11.37 8.54 7.23  _  _  8.95  ~  11.45 —  8.67  _  12.47  -  8.88  11.48  10.12  9.98  _  11.04  16.67 12.03  -  -  12.18 11.80  12.67 11.36 15.02  _  5.47  14.13  8.33  _  *  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  —  _  Kansas Topeka (April) ......................................... Wichita (March) ......................................  —  14.53  -  9.22  _  10.57  — 8.31  7.83  7.88  -  6.51 11.55 8.46  -  -  Maryland Baltimore (May) ..................................... Cumberland (December)....................... Lower Eastern Shore (July)..................  _  12.12 14.43  $9.28 7.08  —  4.80  Maine Oxford County (October) ....................... Statewide Maine (December)................  7.83  Warehouse Specialists  _  12.60  *  12.74 12.57  -  9.57  _  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January)  9.97  -  _  _  -  7.30 7.28  Heavy Truck  11.08 11.08 -  7.64 9.11 7.86  10.11  Medium Truck  —  — 8.51  i  Table B-10. Average hourly pay in private industry, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 - Continued State, area, and reference month  Massachusetts Boston (May) ....................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October)................... Worcester (August)........................ Michigan Detroit (December) ............................... Saginaw-Bay City-Midland (March) ......... Upper Peninsula (May)............... . Van Buren County (November) ...........  Guards  Forklift  $11.87 10.35 10.66  II  $7.27 7.84 7.09  $12.42  15.18  6.54  10.93  8.66  Material  Shipping/  Laborers  Clerks  Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  Specialists  $7.51 11.59  $11.82 10.73 10.55  -  _ $11.56 12.03  $14.64 12.18 13.65  $14.82 13.42 14.65  $11.60 13.01 10.47  10.50  12.42  $8.35 5.22  13.83 14.39  13.53  11.42  _ -  12.43  -  Janitors  I  $7.78 7.44 7.97  9.02 8.84 8.07 9.65  — $7.88  13.71 10.87 8.72  _ _ ~  Minnesota Duluth (May)...................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ................ St. Cloud (April) .....................:.............  10.90 12.11 9.57  6.44  6.48 6.67 6.35  ~ 11.32 7.99  12.58  9.73 12.41 9.16  12.30 8.30  7.59 5.32 4.56  6.86 8.06  7.51  9.02 8.85  7.67  _ '  10.06 9.04 10.82  9.84 10.47 8.14  7.69 8.13  12.97 13.18  10.10  9.50  _ 14.22  12.87  8.47  8.73  _  —  -  12.66 12.02 10.86  12.38  Mississippi  Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula (July) ...... Columbus (May) ......................  8.51 8.63 8.97  5.26 4.61  Missouri  Kansas City (August)........................ St. Louis (March) ......................................  12.39 9.07  5.93 5.82 5.00  6.26 5.64 6.01  —  12.73 9.01  9.89  —  12.23  9.20  12.31 11.04 9.38  14.30 14.80 12.39  10.50 11.23 9.56  13.79  11.29  Montana  Billings (August).........................  10.31  5.57  Nebraska  Dodge County (August)............................. Omaha (August) ................. Scotts Bluff County (October).......  7.86 5.55 5.44  “ 9.33  -  7.26 8.03  6.24  _ 13.71  8.97  11.68  7.85  12.22  7.86  13.65  15.10  15.95  11.52  _  Nevada  Las Vegas-Tonopah (December) ...........  12.28  5.65  8.35  New Hampshire  Carroll County (October) ..............  7.45  "  New Jersey  Atlantic City (June) ............................ Bergen-Passaic (April)...................... Monmouth-Ocean (August)......... Newark (February)..............................  10.58 12.06 10.17 12.44  8.85  6.78  8.19 6.63 8.26 6.82  10.95 11.06 8.13 11.39  10.33 7.77  10.57 11.68 11.02 10.73  —  -  -  _  10.84 13.73 12.37 14.11  9.10 11.80  _ 16.20  14.16  12.57  _ 13.44  11.38  13.55 14.99 11.95 14.99  12.83  9.66  _  New Mexico  San Juan County (September)................. ~ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  95  -  in private industry, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992  Table B-10. Average hourly pay1  Forklift Operators  State, area, and reference month  New York Binghamton (July).................................. Delaware County (September)............. Elmira (August)...................................... Nassau-Suffolk (December) ................. New York (April) .................................... Poughkeepsie (August) ........................ Rochester (November) ......................... Syracuse and Utica-Rome (July).......... Utica-Rome (July).................................  Guards Janitors II  I  $12.03  $9.81 $7.40 7.34  10.49 12.09 10.09  North Carolina Goldsboro (August) ............................. Greensboro-Winston-Salem-High Point (February)...........................................  8.75  Ohio Cincinnati (March) ................................ Cleveland (August) .............................. Columbus (November) ......................... Lorain-Elyria (May) ............................... Sandusky (October).............................. Scioto County (December) .................. Toledo (March).....................................  _ 12.32 11.84  5.84 6.57 5.59  7.71  13.31  5.60  12.06 12.03 9.68 13.23 14.56  5.61 5.72 6.10 11.77  13.80  5.45  11.84 11.02  -  Oregon Portland (May)..................................... Salem (July).........................................  . .  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November).................... Pittsburgh (January) ........................... Reading (May)..................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) ....  . . . .  12.80 11.52 10.33 12.30  7.18 5.13 8.94 5.52  10.36  Rhode Island Providence (March) .............................  .  10.53  5.77  -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September)............. Charleston (February) ........................ Columbia-Sumter (May) ..................... Florence (January) ............................ . Greenville-Spartanburg (April)............ Greenwood County (October) ...........  .. .. .. ..  7.89 8.26 8.00 8.63  6.82 5.42 4.76 7.64 5.24  -  -  -  Tennessee Chattanooga (September)................. Clarksville-Hopkinsville (March) ........ Dyer County (October) ...................... Memphis (October)............................ Nashville (February) ...........................  11.30 10.09  -  9.75 8.96  5.09  .. .. ..  9.06 10.39  5.43 6.34  -  -  Material Handling Laborers  $6.11 6.97 6.34 8.11 11.60 7.28 7.11 6.83 6.79  $7.09  6.14  Order Fillers  $8.05 “ 9.84  —  —  Truckdrivers Light Truck  $7.42  8.47 11.25 9.37  7.41 8.98  8.33 9.17 9.14 9.54  6.07  -  7.75  -  5.12  7.67  8.05  9.46  7.30  12.43 9.19 7.14 11.29  9.33 10.17 9.45  9.72 10.15 9.55 12.76 10.81  8.11  6.63 6.05  11.34  6.43  10.18 9.21  7.86  6.94 6.27  -  -  11.06  14.04  6.87 -  12.05 12.00  8.71  11.63 8.26  8.02 9.17 11.65  6.13  8.77  8.29  8.71 7.81 8.92  8.26 8.04 9.59 8.36 8.70  12.22 9.13 12.76  6.30  -  4.80  7.90  6.04 4.86 5.84  6.93 10.45  4.96 5.79 7.51 5.18 4.88  9.10 7.60  8.09 -  8.49 11.30  8.52 9.18  $12.74  Tractor Trailer  _  $18.47  $16.60  Warehouse Specialists  $11.09 10.82 10.84  12.22 10.71 14.17  8.63 6.48  -  -  14.08  -  13.69 9.85 9.01  12.57  9.44  13.94  12.79 12.44  13.67 16.19 13.04 13.92  9.93 11.79 11.50  -  -  14.47  —  10.40 8.75 9.35 9.09  8.24 5.84 8.15 6.65  Heavy Truck  —  $10.15  11.13 6.37 7.39  Medium Truck  9.80 11.50  8.06  13.22 10.48  12.00  13.91 16.58 11.04  14.45 14.96 14.08 13.56  13.40 11.61 10.55 11.08  10.66  16.08  12.00  7.34 8.81  9.52 9.77 8.88 12.80  10.19 9.82 8.74 7.52 9.72  12.06  11.57  11.02  17.23 13.75 9.56  -  7.58  12.15 8.81 7.92 13.28  8.51 8.51  -  10.90  11.04  5.84  14.44 11.72  10.94  8.61  5.07  9.55  —  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Continued  96  9.56  ~  13.85 12.91  12.40 12.89  Table B-10. Average hourly pay' in private industry, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued State, area, and reference month  Guards  Forklift Operators  Material II  Laborers  $12.87  $5.38 9.10 6.05  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Truckdrivers Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  $5.27  $9.46  $6.27 11.79 -  $10.49 7.09 13.97 12.71  Specialists  Texas  Abilene (May) ........................................... Houston (March)...................................... Longview-Marshall (June) ......................... Nacogdoches County (September) .......... Northwest Texas (April).............. .............. Rio Grande Valley (January) .................... San Angelo (October)..... .......................... San Antonio (July) ................................... Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus (December) ....  $7.97 6.68 9.05 9.38 9.62 7.14 10.09 4.81 6.23 8.07  $6.82 5.57 6.47 5.93  $7.70  6.85  4.67  5.18  8.61  5.33  -  6.74  “ —  7.30 5.68  8.59  -  -  4.89 4.77 4.97  _ 8.09  ~ —  $7.79 8.50 9.12 ~ 9.26 ~ 8.23 6.68 7.06 7.07 9.32  ~ ~  6.23 5.23 6.54  7.63 9.84 -  _  10.08 8.41 11.17  $11.10 12.85 10.64 10.62 8.90 11.30 8.42 7.74 9.81  Utah  Sail Lake City-Ogden (April)......................  8.42  10.20  7.32  —  —  —  —  9.89 9.26  -  -  9.34  _  _  13.31  -  —  — 10.74 10.33  Vermont  Burlington (August)................................... Statewide Vermont (August).....................  10.89 9.72  8.65 7.19  9.35  Virgin Islands of the US (November)..........  —  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News Richmond-Petersburg (July)......................  8.50 11.77  5.84 6.44  12.03 13.26  6.12  12.02  6.24  11.14 10.88 10.54  8.64  13.33  6.02  12.06  6.06 5.23  10.02  9.28 10.56  5.20 7.21  7.07 12.75  7.70 9.06  13.34 13.11  —  10.48  9.11  10.93  14.67  15.71  -  13.05  12.30  10.51  12.01  9.24 9.06  12.34 11.84 13.03  11.17  15.52  10.99 10.77 10.11 10.25 12.08  9.63  Washington  Bremerton-Shelton (December) ............... Seattle (December) ...................................  ~  West Virginia  Statewide West Virginia (June) ................  7.08  7.90  10.40  8.55  8.54  5.98  6.74  8.44 ** ~  10.05 8.09 11.27 8.70 9.83  ■ 8.85  -  -  -  Wisconsin  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)........... Green Bay (July)........................................ Manitowoc (December) ............................. Milwaukee (October) ...............................  6.57 5.92  — 10.14  12.98  -  Wyoming  Cheyenne (May)........................................  8.48 7.98  ' Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  —  “  —  -  11.49 14.97  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail.  97  Table B-11. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 Administrative  Professional  1  II  III  IV  V  I  II  III  IV  V  I  II  Ill  IV  V  VI  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $771  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $1,240  -  -  $1,095  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Alabama  Huntsville (January). Arizona  $524  $643  457  585  644  733 688 657 649 641 622 754  “  601 559  840 809 789 751 714 733 824 861 831  460  $437  Phoenix (May) ........  Budget Analysts  Engineers  Attorneys  Accountants  State, area, and reference month  $856  733  $882  661  792  564  956 886 829 778 737 791 825 931 731 674  948 950 928 861 812 884 845 1,095  1,135 1,144 1,106 1,053 975 1,052 994 1,276  -  -  771  902  1,099  1,184  -  -  -  818  -  -  $695  $827  $682  Arkansas  Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)........................  -  -  $647  California  Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)........... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) Oakland (February)............................. Riverside-San Bernardino (August).... Sacramento (August) .......................... San Diego (November)........................ San Francisco (April)........................... San Jose (August)............................... San Luis Obispo County (October) .... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May)..........  612  1,033 975 953 921 873 882 940 1,079  $1,247 1,122  $749  _ _ 820  $1,362 1,392 1,307 1,213 1,067  _ 1,071  1,300  _ _  —  1,184  -  _ 831  _ _ _ _ _ _ -  _ _ _ _ _ _ -  604  710  -  -  716  905  -  -  -  -  -  -  515  641  760  877  -  497  668 -  749 -  435  542  640  564  682  793  ■  -  -  -  .  538  596  .  -  . .  552  Colorado  Denver (November).  1,652 1,701 1,601 1,547 1,271 1,409 1,518 1,570 —  _ $1,727  _ $743  1,449  615 655  -  -  -  695  -  1,031  1,235  -  530  761  861  983  1,136  1,321  -  -  903  _ 1,893 -  _ -  _ “  _ 716  _ 808  _ 955  1,083  -  -  _ -  -  —  785  -  650  -  -  -  -  572  696  798  930  1,006  -  917  1,262  872  978  -  —  —  _ "  781  -  _ —  659  -  . “  808  -  726  845  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  708  827  988  1,131  -  462  567  -  -  -  719  -  -  -  -  537  679  861  -  -  -  519  600  -  -  -  715  -  -  -  -  628  779  -  1,072  -  365  439  556  -  -  -  645  670  '  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  Georgia  Atlanta (April).... Augusta (June) . Illinois  Chicago (May) .. Indiana  Indianapolis (July) Kentucky  Louisville (September). Louisiana  New Orleans (July).....  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  98  742 929 857  950 1,020 1,074 941 922  618  -  798 839  712  —  -  Florida  Bradenton (April) ............................ Miami-Hialeah (December) ........... Monroe County (September)......... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)............................................  -  1,386  District of Columbia  Washington (February).  937  $1,500 1,442 1,471 1,208 1,400 1,319  1,146  Delaware  Wilmington (December).  -  1,225 1,316 1,332 1,226 1,096 1,180 1,159  $718  768  -  -  657  "  $509  557  928  Table B-11. Average weekly pay' in State and local government, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Budget Analyst Supervisors I  Bu> ers/Contrs cting Specialist I  II  Computer Programmers III  I  II  III  Computer Systems Analysts IV  I  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  Personnel Specialists  Tax Collectors  II  III  I  II  II  III  IV  V  ,  II  III  —  —  ~  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  -  -  $419  $462  -  -  —  -  Alabama $489 Arizona Phoenix (May) .......................................  $422  $544  $569  505  $608  $594  $758  620  712  $926  $922  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock 468 California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)............. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) ............................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ............................  $1,003  555 1,022 562  San Francisco (April)............................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ......  -  _  _  Colorado Denver (November)...............................  701 705 680 619 601 657 749 673 610  864 802 765  -  767  -  -  7G1 829 730  -  807  $912 757  716 _  623  _  778  665  777  591  824 916 825 886 869 858 848 872 912 802  832  — 979 1,058 1,017 1,002 964 981 1,012 987  639 611  $459  596  745  775  873  606  554  727  568 701  873  -  1,064  $1,390 1,189  968  1,081  1,165  — ~  542  428  O\jZ  $620  $852  465  581  -  660 719  819 864 85/ 750 832 784 871 867 854  966 1,004 1,000 927 927 937 1,045 1,024  658 ~ 808 658  $1,215  $517 536 516  549 706 602  ~  534 513 -  563 677 583  714 748 738 713 711 750 764 698  —  636  —  833  -  -  -  -  —  —  —  -  —  —  —  —  446  514  690  455  ~  585  711  943  —  —  —  —  630  —  —  —  639  786  897  — —  — 598  ~ 736  ~  -  482  —  1,019  1,014  -  -  674  775  —  —  -  533  657  -  -  -  408  -  576  746  795  972  —  530  684  800  -  -  563  -  659  864  1,058  —  612  720  813  -  390  -  729  618  739  —  —  459  635  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  362  469  639  256  376  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater 445  .  —  Florida 507  —  $589  ”  Delaware  District of Columbia  —  Georgia 832  431  560  697  548  Illinois 503 Indiana Indianapolis (July) .................................  476  463  Kentucky 488  549  474  587  ~  Louisiana I  721  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  99  -  —  Table B-11. Average weekly pay' in State and local government, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative  Professional  I  II  Ill  IV  $641  $765  V  I  Maryland $572  Ill  IV  $869  $1,046  $1,179  846 _  -  II  Massachusetts 748  884 _  _  _  _  Michigan $463  577  679  840  555  649 589  825 721  976  $962  Minnesota  $717 _  _  -  1,154  1,083  1,323  _  V  I  II.  $549  -  1,362  -  -  -  $716  Ill  IV  $875  $974  V  714 726  802  915  -  -  483  677  725  888  1,029  749 -  892 825  1,108 985  1,244  -  Mississippi  VI  I  III  II  -  -  IV  $745  $1,123  -  973  823  Budget Analysts  Engineers  Attorneys  Accountants  State, area, and reference month  -  -  $586  -  -  -  694 711  -  $832  -  863  Missouri 491  641  834  -  -  -  -  -  -  783  511 556  659 733  _  670 631  821 779  994  -  -  566 556  671 691  796 772  915 928  _ 1,067  _ -  _ -  _  842  612  _ 740  _ 788  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  -  -  -  -  869  971  1,320  -  -  786 589  869 739  1,109 960  708  964  949  _  _  _ _  _ _  _  -  -  -  968 974 924 873  1,043 1,053 935 930  1,221  _ _ _  1,192 1,009 _ -  621  _ _ _  -  —  -  569 493 572  766 606  784  _  _  _ _  _ -  -  1,033  -  -  532  729 664 702  825 774 846  982 876 982  -  -  550 523  664 600  723  821  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  952 898  1,078  811  581  _ _ -  -  -  645 625  792 745 793  977 877  1,161  _ _ -  New Jersey  New York  1,319  Ohio 462 476 Oregon  1,032  Pennsylvania 475  Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November).....  -  564 534 -  722  862  _ _ -  _ _ -  813 738 _ -  _ 1,015 887 “  1,205 -  -  ____ See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  100  -  858  619 683  853  -  706  949  899  -  -  ”  “  ~  .  _  909  _  South Carolina  1,149 1,017  $488 587  -  -  620  755  893  — -  —  — —  -  -  _  _  _  _  Table B-11. Average weekly pay’ in State and local government, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative Budget Analyst Supervisors  State, area, and reference month  Buy ers/Contrcicting Specialist s  i  Maryland Baltimore (May)............................... Massachusetts Boston (May)................................... Worcester (August) ......................... Michigan Detroit (December).......................... Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January)...... . St. Cloud (April)................................ Mississippi Jackson (December)....................... Missouri Kansas City (August)........................ St. Louis (March).............................. New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April) ..................... Monmouth-Ocean (August)............. Newark (February) ........................... New York Nassau-Suffolk (December)............ New York (April) ............................... Poughkeepsie (August).................... Rochester (November)..................... Ohio Cincinnati (March) ............................. Cleveland (August)............................ Columbus (November) ..................... Oregon Portland (May)................................... Salem (July) ...................................... Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)................... Pittsburgh (January).......................... Reading (May)................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) .. South Carolina Greenwood County (October)..........  i  .  -  $520  .  -  498  .  II  $597  -  Computer Programmers III  i  -  -  $702  -  -  588  763  -  -  -  -  -  II  $582  Ill  $679  Computer Systems Analysts IV  -  _ "  _ "  _  574  722  573  670  $462  -  — —  489 474  -  — ~  -  582  -  654  628 598  -  642  —  -  -  -  -  -  507  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  601  744 797  526 557  688 711  314  468  “  -  ~  _ — —  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  1,106  _ — -  _ —  _ — -  714 608  794 732 715 -  896 _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  ~ — “  _ —  _ “  469  582 595 597  672 694 675  _ $755  _ —  835 789 788  _ -  _ -  -  _  _ "  _ "  608 615  770 725  _ 952  _ ”  682  _ — -  _ —  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ~  513  -  $531  -  '  -  489  -  654  -  -  -  ~  -  $1,175  919  _  — — 760  -  865  -  -  — $1,008  673  837  -  ~  -  ~  “  854  -  627  _ —  “  -  -  651 662  ~  ~  713  “  508 564  -  -  -  _  _  —  -  $511  $1,005  -  ~  -  $431  Ill  _ —  589 569  -  618 -  .  II  864  -  ~  -  $791  $662  i  —  -  705  _ -  V  657 803  -  ~  $580  IV  _  457  -  _  Ill  905  -  -  _  II  796  -  —  II  640  -  —  869  $976  ,  -  -  -  $764  Ill  Tax Collectors  -  -  -  $697  II  Personnel Specialists  _ —  -  -  i  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  101  —  689  827  —  711  -  -  -  1,081  —  573  _ -  _ 723  651 766  852 860 948  545 -  -  716 723  840  1,011  “  _ -  754 806  503  546 553  701  _ -  564  -  625 585 -  444  _  598  718  “  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  558 522  -  513 _ _ -  579  -  -  -  -  Table B-11. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative  Professional  Ill  IV  V  I  II  $494 459  $622 555  _ , $668  _  _  _  -  -  514 545 494  689 676 633  808 797  -  528  499 497  II  I  Ill  IV  V  -  -  Texas  Dallas (November) Houston (March)..... San Antonio (July) .  '_  _ -  -  $450  IV  $440  $590  $739  544 523  _ 619  802 “  -  -  -  -  _  _  595 559  752  _  1,089  -  -  -  820  917  VI  1  —  —  -  880 866 879  $1,034 984  '  —  921  1,044  -  947  _  IV  $681 561  $824 656  $812 976 786  _ 640 “  722 710 739  ■  II  _  _  -  -  -  -  _ -  $1,015 919 872  _  _ -  562  -  -  -  -  -  929  -  -  -  -  776  560 553  693 650  -  -  -  -  “  -  “  738 609  766 751  -  601  744  964  -  -  -  -  -  -  639  720  845  975  525  636  754  -  -  -  926  1,281  -  -  578  725  829  1,010  -  -  -  664  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  620  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $443 453 425  $651  $739  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).  III  V  III  II  1  Tennessee  Chattanooga (September) . Memphis (October)........... Nashville (February).........  Budget Analysts  Engineers  Attorneys  Accountants  State, area, and reference month  —  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................. Richmond-Petersburg (July)...............  931  Washington  Seattle (December) ... Wisconsin  Milwaukee (October) . Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September) .  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  102  —  Table B-11. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, professional and administrative occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Administrative State, area, and reference month  Budget Analyst Supervisors I  Tennessee Chattanooga (September)..................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February).............................. Texas Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... San Antonio (July).................................  $663  ~  Buyers/Contracting Specialists I  -  $475 398  II  $443  579 562  Computer Programmers  III  I  -  -  $719  -  $449  II  Ill  _ $586 448  _ $735 557  510 563 521  647 704 633  Computer Systems Analysts IV  I  _ -  _ -  $818 -  $666 662  II  _ $837 575  -  818 826 764  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers  Ill  I  _ _ $938  Personnel Specialists  II  II  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ _  $487  $730 592  548 531  701 668  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  Ill  Tax Collectors  IV  V  _ -  _  $875 835  -  _ _  -  1  -  _ _ $387  II  $430 440 401  Ill  -  529 -  -  Utah  Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).................  -  -  -  *  -  578  701  -  690  -  -  -  -  -  633  -  -  ~  586  -  -  515 -  617 661  -  _ -  742 777  886 -  _ -  _ -  576 575  679 678  _  _  -  -  -  666  -  579  772  -  739  824  969  -  -  666  774  ~  -  -  -  -  659  -  778  851  -  -  -  680  797  —  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $456  -  405  -  466  481 551  -  956  -  -  -  -  1,005  -  483  -  607  -  -  -  -  -  Virginia  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July).................. Washington  Seattle (December)............................... Wisconsin  Milwaukee (October) .............................  -  Wyoming  Sweetwater County (September).........  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for the following occupational levels did not   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  103  -  meet publishability criteria in any area: Accountants VI; Engineers VIII; Buyers/Contracting Specialists IV and V; Computer Programmers V; Computer Systems Analysts V; Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers III and IV; Personnel Specialists VI; and Personnel Supervisors/Managers III and IV. In addition, for seven occupations, only a single area published average pay data: Attorneys VI averaged $1,918 in Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA; Engineers VII averaged $1,536 in Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA; Budget Analyst Supervisors II averaged $892 in Indianapolis, IN; Computer Systems Analysts IV averaged $1,227 in Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA; Personnel Specialists I averaged $416 in Atlanta, GA; and Personnel Supervisors/Managers II averaged $1,151 in Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA.  Table B-12. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 Protective service  Technical  I  II  -  “  $392  -  379  $633  670  -  385  420  473  $1,366  686 669 606 777 761 671 762 715 771 410  698 841 834 727 749 690 801 846 628 528  805 858 815 776 748 779 805 913 699 633  856 1,007 904 853 821 858 906 955 858 856  671  694  ~  -  -  -  -  $376  497  486  $607  -  -  345  445  480  558  438 553  622 715 589 515 543 553 581 661 507  742 804 790 645 602 678 737 824 588  1,034 978 813 922 933  -  879 921 882 761 757 769 822 923 885 660  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)................................................  -  338  -  California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) ................... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December)........ Oakland (February)...................................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)............ Sacramento (August)................................... San Diego (November)...............................  — -  540 522 557 486 506 490 533  591 606 613 587 554  San Jose (August) ....................................... San Luis Obispo County (October)............. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May) ..................  -  410  -  Colorado Denver (November) ....................................  -  437  494  Connecticut Danbury (February) ..................................... New Britain (February).................................  -  -  -  -  Delaware Wilmington (December)...............................  -  -  -  -  District of Columbia Washington (February)..............................  -  460  584  Florida Bradenton (April).......................................... Miami-Hialeah (December).......................... Monroe County (September) ...................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)....  -  354 493  499  Georgia Atlanta (April) ...............................................  -  $443  576 592  506  $540  -  $694 574 535  $781 731 691 628  -  460 -  $641  -  _ 982  _  II  $463  “ $660  ~  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  “  -  598  -  454  571  722  —  “  530  -  -  -  -  ~  ~  -  —  -  687 “  663 660  -  —  -  -  344  413  519  630  -  -  392  687  646  —  -  ~  518  -  456  506  634  -  -  526  626  592  781  -  -  538  344  348 425 420 415  390 507 515 504  438 476  564 -  ~  383 539 445 447  375 773 478 490  434 701 572 559  460 609 674  —  344  550  ”  —  -  —  422  492  561  410  —  341  419  524  585  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  —  —  —  383 329  462 358  487 374  451  -  -  -  546 497  717 558  718 530  ~  353  473  344 367 353  445 574 427  502 495 517 570 464  478  544 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  358  — “  -  356 -  -  248 259  316 337  370 399  “  _  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  419  -  $456  -  -  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October)........................... Evansville (February)................................... Gary-Hammond (December) ...................... Indianapolis (July)........................................ South Bend-Mishawaka (September).........  $362  II  Arizona Phoenix (May)..............................................  -  VI  IV  $376  Illinois Chicago (May) ............................................. Vermilion County (November) ....................  V  Ill  -  I  IV  II  i  Police Officers, Uniformed  Corrections Officers  III  Ill  Alabama Huntsville (January).....................................  383  Engineering Technicians, Civil  Drafters  Computer Operators  State, area, and reference month  104  575 ~  “  ”  832  -  482 “  Table B-12. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Protective service  Technical  I  Engineering Technicians, Civil  Drafters  Computer Operators  State, area, and reference month  II  Ill  IV  II  -  ~  -  -  $339  -  -  364  -  -  III  I  II  -  -  -  III  IV  V  $613  “  VI  Corrections Officers  Police Officers, Uniformed Firefighters i  Iowa  Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) ....  $493  $552  $557  361  453  $549  -  402  360  444  507 406  582  ”  —  605 514  ” —  ~  524  622 591 565  610 623 591  “ _  -  543 515  644 477  673 633  "  692 610  —  Kentucky  Louisville (September).................................  $409  -  $238  $342  -  294  II  423  “  -  —  395  -  485  -  -  421 -  535 505  -  _  416 — ”  535  627  -  $363  —  Louisiana  New Orleans (Juty) ......................................  -  -  Maryland  Baltimore (May) ........................................... Cumberland (December) .............................  $333  423  $470  $528  470  $583  350  641  $675  $934  -  -  -  -  -  “  469 ~  -  -  -  “  -  — -  430 -  538  594  472  512  -  -  554 -  437  -  -  -  615 -  -  -  535  -  -  378  505 —  617 565  719 “  524  737  -  —  “  “  -  -  307  -  -  ~  318  400  486  578  “  309  429  423  _  687  “  393 426  564 645  575 586  572  _  ~  360  488  500  —  “  _  345  580  460  —  ”  ~  582  468  653 538 620  798  “  732  855 817 718  417  493  Massachusetts  Boston (May) ............................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October)...................... Worcester (August)......................................  535  ~  521  Michigan  Detroit (December) ...................................... Van Buren County (November) ..................  685  752  -  ”  Minnesota  Minneapolis-St. Paul (January)................... St. Cloud (April) ...........................................  ~  -  -  792  860 ~  Mississippi  Jackson (December)....................................  -  260  Missouri  Kansas City (August)................................... St. Louis (March) .........................................  -  392 404  -  486  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — -  -  -  —  477  -  297 ~  377 408  484 514  583 639  ~  -  319  378  420  480  -  -  -  -  -  387  497  Montana  Billings (August)........................................... Nebraska  Dodge County (August) ............................... New Hampshire  Carroll County (October)..............................  ~  ”  —  -  543  633  -  -  -  ~  —  ~  —  “  New Jersey  Bergen-Passaic (April)................................. Monmouth-Ocean (August) ......................... Newark (February).......................................  -  -  -  -  —  625  -  -  -  New Mexico  San Juan County (September) ....................  ' ~  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  105  348  865  ——  Table B-12. Average weekly pay' in State and local government, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Technical State, area, and reference month  Computer Operators I  11  III  IV  II  -  Engineering Technicians, Civil Ill  New York Delaware County (September) ................... Nassau-Suffolk (December) ........................ New York (April)........................................... Poughkeepsie (August) ............................... Rochester (November) ................................  -  $541 -  -  -  Ohio Cincinnati (March)........................................ Cleveland (August) ...................................... Columbus (November)................................. Scioto County (December) ..........................  -  431 -  476 488 464 -  -  -  -  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September) ....................  -  -  -  -  -  Oregon Portland (May) ............................................. Salem (July).................................................  -  451 451  533 -  — -  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November) ............................ Pittsburgh (January) .................................... Reading (May) ............................................. Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November)............  -  474 349 -  -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September)..................... Greenwood County (October).....................  -  -  Tennessee Chattanooga (September) ........................... Dyer County (October)................................. Memphis (October) ..................................... Nashville (February) ....................................  -  Texas Dallas (November)....................................... Houston (March).......................................... Longview-Marshall (June)............................ Nacogdoches County (September) ............ San Antonio (July) .......................................  $351 -  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).......................  $648  I  II  III  IV  Police Officers, Uniformed V  -  383 398 459 452  607 637 660  -  _ _ _ -  -  599 614 615 490  _ _ -  -  -  -  338  359  364  -  525 486  654 556  -  -  598 504  740 623  698 680  -  505 374  565 460 443 464  682 617  759  665  -  -  564 501 500 496  635 592 540 564  638 631 613 609  720 _ _ -  -  366  -  -  -  _ -  340 309  445 339  369 406  _ 390  223 217 235 232  297 338 341  374 372 378 451  541 624  _ -  _ _ -  314 _ 371 318  407 375 509 440  431 404 544 467  _ _ 593  -  -  441 379  519 -  331 354  384 391  544 525  _ -  325  _ 373  713 632 604  552 619 444 395 569  560 548 477 497 571  $881 -  428 410 401  584 548 548 -  682 548 623 -  _ 621 684  -  501 435 462 -  -  “  374  -  -  -  323  420 429  — — -  -  567 — -  441 -  -  -  -  -  341  -  -  $441  398 406  477 402  $763 -  490 448  639  -  386  536  524  -  _  _  _  -  385  535  486  519  446 410  571 543  -  -  401 403  576 493  530 521  618 603  -  -  -  -  334  385  500  -  -  -  -  397  478 445  339 355  397 389  “  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.  106  -  509  404  414 388  732  -  509  “  619  578  380  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)..................................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July).......................  $1,055  391 437 376 297 361  -  -  II  _ $1,015 585 638  $597 665 583 601  -  1  $618 884 725 700 682  $589 572 486 512  -  Firefighters  _ $712 713 751 738  $536 508 385 365  -  VI  Officers  $377 779 662 581 532  $410 436 -  Vermont Burlington (August) .....................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Protective service  Drafters  -  -  -  422  558 506  -  _ -  693 _ _  -  Table B-12. Average weekly pay’ in State and local government, technical and protective service occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Protective service  Technical State, area, and reference month  Computer Operators  Engineering Technicians, Civil  Drafters  Corrections Officers  Police Officers, Uniformed  Washington Seattle (December) Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) Manitowoc (December)................. Milwaukee (October)..................... Wyoming Sweetwater County (September) NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for the following occupational levels did not meet publishability criteria in any area: Computer Operators V, Drafters IV, and Engineering Technicians IV through VI. Average pay for Engineering Technicians III in Louisvile, KY, the only area which published an average for this occupation, was $531.  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  107  Table B-13. Average weekly pay in State and local government, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 Clerks, Accounting  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  IV  I  II  II  Ill  IV  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  301  314  -  -  510  564 681 579 544 503 535 599 617 552 464  643 675 630 613 583 631 649 645 632 542  Clerks, General  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month >  II  III  IV  •  -  -  Alabama Huntsville (January)..............................  -  $287  $385  Arizona Phoenix (May) .......................................  -  339  361  $369  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November).........................................  -  310  361  363  -  498 513 521 447 493 466 539 522 476 402  556 547 591 509 483 554 562 607  -  -  -  California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October)............. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December) .. Oakland (February) ............................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)...... Sacramento (August) ........................... San Diego (November)......................... San Francisco (April)............................. San Jose (August)................................. San Luis Obispo County (October) ...... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May)............  II  III  $299  $358  296  283  -  “  -  -  272  -  404  394 435 371 360 366 339 457 438 354 289  443 447 448 407 424 399 431 462 424 361  522 501 535 450 499 478 496 504 495 489  475  511 493 492 436 448 440 492 516 433  $474 529 458  -  -  301  364  409  -  $303  $305  $318  $320  -  468 514 469 425 447 395 506 477 400 339  Colorado Denver (November)...............................  -  -  434  -  Connecticut Danbury (February) ..............................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Delaware Wilmington (December).........................  -  365  408  500  -  313  364  -  _  370  418  460  509  257  332  374  432  372  417  362 367  -  -  -  -  -  -  294  -  _  481  -  371  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  276  287  327  364  282  337  384  482  237  274 271  319 307  354 354  331  356  _  -  -  370 -  _  -  -  -  445  310  372  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  District of Columbia Washington (February)......................... Florida Bradenton (April) ................................... Miami-Hialeah (December) .................. Monroe County (September)................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) ...................................................  — -  $338  -  463  -  445 -  -  -  -  425 422  304  352  369  514  Georgia Atlanta (April)......................................... Augusta (June)......................................  -  355 292  386 407  447  Illinois Chicago (May)....................................... Vermilion County (November)..............  -  380  430  -  -  504 -  306 -  333 227  385 -  -  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October) .................... Evansville (February) ........................... Gary-Hammond (December)................ Indianapolis (July) ................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ...  409 —  468 -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $329  382  $407  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  578 -  -  445 -  -  -  -  -  396  422  -  590  -  -  -  -  -  -  479  _  _  _  341  399  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  222 288 279 263  -  322 350  -  -  -  -  _  315  356 -  264  -  _  -  -  -  “  “  _ -  108  -  _  -  See footnotes at end of table.  -  _  -  -  $419  _  -  —  -  _  -  213  V  -  _  _ _ _  306  —  IV  —  490 483  -  374  III  _ _ 408 526  $636  307  —  $328  II  528 614 525 464 482 464 566 545 513 442  $529  -  -  1  -  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  -  -  $324  -  241  _  $807 694 707 632  _  458 470 403  Word Processors 1  II  Ill  -  -  -  $285  $319  -  -  _  503 533 476 463 470 460  498  -  $540  -  -  -  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  -  375  356  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  465  533  _  _  _  _  _  478  547  612  -  361  -  422  -  _ 437 385  430 489 517  _ 591 620  _ 673  307  362 339  _ 349 _  _ 410  _  _ 391  _  _ _ _  334  369  452  520  -  295  282  341  -  333 334  391 365  444 439  525  _ -  309  _  426  -  -  -  _ -  418  468 -  514 340  -  _ -  395  -  _ -  348 347 366 277 303  _ 426 410 334 367  _ _ 438 394  _ _ _ _ -  _ 310  -  596  _ _ _  _ -  _ 742 753 _ -  _ 428 _ 491 355  299 294  _ _ _ _ _ _  542  _  _ _ _ _  -  436 -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  Table B-13. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Key Entry Operators  Clerks, General  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  II  III  IV  1  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January).............................................  -  -  ~  -  ~  Kentucky Louisville (September)..........................  -  Louisiana Acadia Parish (October)....................... New Orleans (July)...............................  $223  $329  $381  259 299  330 353  -  $394  II  III  $329  $369  $230  274  321  198  260  287  -  -  “  Ill  IV  I  II  III  IV  V  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  $348  $408  $473  -  -  $285  $306  $357  —  —  -  324  316 340  390  -  283  263  310  -  -  -  326  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  _  -  379 351  415 396  452 447  323  -  -  -  — -  414  471 405 424  487  580  -  -  -  “  ”  -  545  570  601  438  -  -  -  — -  497  -  “  -  408  341  “  $387  $313  $312  -  254  284  -  419  — $348  -  -  -  -  -  -  Maryland Baltimore (May)..................................... Cumberland (December)......................  343  359 334  436 395  468  295 280  353 333  379 385  364  -  -  279  -  -  -  Massachusetts Boston (May)......................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October) .............. Worcester (August) ...............................  -  387  439 411  -  -  344  -  -  385 381 354  — -  341 — -  388 -  -  -  -  418  Michigan Detroit (December)............................... Van Buren County (November)............  -  443  489 -  515 -  311 -  371 -  443 417  454 -  — -  515 -  — -  550  -  -  -  -  482 430  Minnesota Minneapolis-St. Paul (January) ............ St. Cloud (April).....................................  450 387  466 462  362 340  434 391  569 452  -  -  -  419  -  444 465  382  -  317 349  372  -  “  Mississippi Jackson (December) ............................  -  “  354  -  -  257  288  -  “  -  294  Missouri Kansas City (August)............................ St. Louis (March)...................................  -  321 352  365 402  456  287 326  321 335  368 378  310  332 -  417  -  -  349 392  Montana Billings (August) ...................................  -  303  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Nebraska Dodge County (August)........................  -  -  -  -  -  267  310  -  -  -  -  Nebraska Scotts Bluff County (October)...............  -  261  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  New Hampshire Carroll County (October) ......................  -  -  -  -  -  - '  -  -  -  -  -  New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April) ......................... Monmouth-Ocean (August).................. Newark (February) ................................  -  385 362 422  446 416 483  535 463 -  283  295 369  370 368 437  — 428 452  386 333 417  448 -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  III  II  -  -  II  II  -  ■-  I  .  -  451  Word Processors  IV  Maine Oxford County (October)......................  396  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  109  -  $493  579  466  $470  497  $549  -  -  -  421  —  $520  478  573  -  -  ~  369  —  384 413  418 476  504 564  -  334  -  -  ~  299  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  "  -  -  “  —  393  —  ~  —  —  ~  —  -  -  359 337 —  472 457 454  537 537 518  647 604 683  -  422 334 399  -  -  -  “  ~  -  -  -  276  -  ”  -  312 366  -  370 378  -  -  ~  ~  ~  ~  —  Table B-13. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, Accounting  Clerks, General  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month I  II  Ill  IV  i  II  Ill  IV  i  II  II  Ill  IV  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  -  $321  -  -  -  388  $475 385 462  $540 552 468 558  $578 630 607 595 606  328 400 399  437 462 428  462 490 471  551 554 497  New Mexico San Juan County (September).............  -  $321  $345  New York Delaware County (September)............. Nassau-Suffolk (December)................. New York (April) .................................... Poughkeepsie (August)........................ Rochester (November)..........................  -  510 361 360  532 489 405 411  $453 602 570 538  -  357 364 402  418 447 456  522 501 497  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September)..............  -  -  -  Oregon Portland (May)....................................... Salem (July) ..........................................  -  380 370  421 415  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)...................... Pittsburgh (January)............................. Reading (May)....................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November) .....  -  392 399 376 354  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) .............. Greenwood County (October) ..............  -  Tennessee Chattanooga (September).................... Dyer County (October) ......................... Memphis (October)................................ Nashville (February).............................  Ohio Cincinnati (March) ................................. Cleveland (August)............................... Columbus (November) .........................  Texas Dallas (November) ................................ Houston (March).................................... Longview-Marshall (June) .................... Nacogdoches County (September)...... San Antonio (July).................................  II  III  IV  V  -  ~  -  -  I  II  Ill  -  ~  -  $517 477  386  —  338 357 350  389 387 371  434 434 407  366 359  390 406  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  305  -  -  -  462  -  318 312  364 358  -  326  -  -  -  -  -  “  372 398  483 453  -  444 395 437 -  -  -  349 -  411 354 375 374  450 -  422 290  441 -  -  ~  368 334  -  451 385 -  322  410 423 393 389  473 463 453 418  -  314 333  ~  -  -  289  329  -  -  ~  -  -  -  402  376 397  -  -  -  299 281 302 297  338  386  -  293 -  336  330  397  -  381  406  -  339  358 358  329 332  353 437  432 383 410 408  322  339 347 361  386 391  407 461  287  373 304  309 316  354 360  370  395  -  426 425 -  427 428 385  -  -  -  -  -  -  418  372  380  -  312  293  -  -  -  286  -  -  -  -  -  $342  — -  -  $369 366  455  $481 366 -  $421  $466  $568  358  276  307  269 266  330 327  340 327 286 302  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  245  281  -  -  -  341 361 316 304 325  -  374 290  $433  $523  -  355  426 426 416  -  -  -  -  345  -  398 389  -  396  -  -  -  -  -  298  -  -  -  540 457  -  -  -  -  -  466 453  -  349 339  -  388 400  373  554  561  -  -  -  -  -  275  303  345  -  247  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April).................  -  315  377  -  -  270  290  329  -  -  -  -  -  -  384  451  502  Vermont Burlington (August)...............................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  329  360  -  -  110  469 348 408  -  -  See footnotes at end of table.  -  “  299 313 287  -  $759  409  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $282  Word Processors  $357 407 397 375 406  $310  $293 456 411  I  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  -  -  -  -  389 362  -  — $459  Table B-13. Average weekly pay1 in State and local government, clerical occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Clerks, General  Clerks, Accounting  Key Entry Operators  Personnel Assistants (Employment)  I  II  II  III  IV  -  -  -  -  —  —  —  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  —  Secretaries  State, area, and reference month 1  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)......... ..................................... Richmond-Petersburg (July).................. Washington Seattle (December)............................... Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June)....... Manitowoc (December) ......................... Milwaukee (October) ............................. Wyoming Sweetwater County (September) .........  $299  “  -  II  IV  I  $240 264  II  $301 316  III  $342 349  IV  $329 303  $344 345  $402 393  $452  415  469  507  -  -  368  400 416 469  -  330  321  364  -  -  -  -  -  -  —  —  -  409  ~  III  397  -  -  474  421  407  413  —  355  $461  409  -  -  "  "  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  $399  Switch­ board OperatorRecep­ tionists  III  IV  V  $401 409  $464 460  $447 509  -  —  451  491  621  —  393  368 422  472  449 451 503  -  —  —  —  369  I  $375 325  397  II  $298  Word Processors 1  II  —  ~  Ill  $443  $344 -  —  “ “  ~ ~  354  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for Clerks, Order I and II and Personnel Assistants (Employment) I did not meet publishability criteria in any area.  111  Table B-14. Average hourly pay in State and local government, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Electricians I  II  Ill  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  Alabama Huntsville (January)....................................  $8.40  $11.34  -  -  -  -  -  $11.91  -  Arizona Phoenix (May)..............................................  9.15  14.93  -  $14.40  $13.65  -  -  14.71  -  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)................................................  7.48  12.40  -  -  -  -  -  11.79  -  California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) ................... Los Angeles-Long Beach (December)........ Oakland (February)..................................... Riverside-San Bernardino (August)............ Sacramento (August).................................. San Diego (November)............................... San Francisco (April) .................................. San Jose (August) ...................................... San Luis Obispo County (October)............. Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May) ..................  13.29 13.92 14.41 12.38 12.52 13.07 13.43 14.91 13.78 10.76  18.07 20.02 20.80 16.38 18.05 17.29 24.53 22.97 17.24  $15.71  18.70 20.04 19.19 17.34 15.64 16.68 19.00  19.60 21.46 23.17 19.13 19.98 19.05  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ $20.94  _  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  16.58 19.35 18.35 15.46 16.64 16.25 19.67 18.44 16.14 14.22  _ $22.42  _  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _  Colorado Denver (November) ....................................  11.52  17.23  -  -  18.86  14.68  -  Connecticut Danbury (February) .................................... New Britain (February).................................  13.49 14.18  16.67  ~  _ -  Delaware Wilmington (December)..............................  11.58  14.52  ~  District of Columbia Washington (February)..............................  10.06  15.43  -  16.43  Florida Bradenton (April).......................................... Miami-Hialeah (December)......................... Monroe County (September) ...................... Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July)....  10.86 8.33 9.97  11.14 16.26 12.60 12.03  9.99  Georgia Atlanta (April)............................................... Augusta (June) ............................................  9.29 9.59  13.13  11.06  Illinois Chicago (May) .............................................  13.00  21.44  Indiana Evansville (February).................................. Gary-Hammond (December) ...................... Indianapolis (July)........................................ South Bend-Mishawaka (September).........  10.23 10.79 9.15 9.19  12.96  -  — 14.27  -  15.23  _  _ -  _ -  14.68  -  -  -  -  -  13.72  16.49  -  -  15.78  13.75  17.43 16.98 13.22  _ 13.39  _ _ -  _ _  10.56 13.95 12.92 12.08  _ 15.12  13.65  14.91  -  -  -  -  -  13.00 10.34  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  17.82  23.80  — -  -  _  _  10.36  -  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ _ _ -  _  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17.56  -  -  -  11.56  16.74  _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -  112  -  13.68  _ _ 14.10 “  -  _ 12.06 13.18  -  _ -  Table B-14. Average hourly pay in State and local government, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) ....  i  II  III  -  -  -  Machinists  Mechanics, Machinery  -  -  Vehicle  Pipefitters  $12.89  -  Kentucky $8.25  $13.27  8.03  10.79  $11.66  13.40  13.58  12.70  Louisiana  Maine Oxford County (October) ............................. Maryland Baltimore (May) ...........................................  Massachusetts Boston (May) ............................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October)............... Worcester (August)...................................... Michigan Detroit (December) ......................................  9.97  9 49  10.85 10.48  11.36  13.05 11.17  18.64  16.27  12.42 11.86  20.29  14.71  $15.22  —  $13.85  13.00 10.32  12.74 13.78 11.76  -  ~ . ~  —  —  ~  15.54  15.27 12.77  $18.03  —  14.42  15.35 14.91  18.57  ~  -  Minnesota 18.09  Mississippi 10.33  9.83  Missouri 9.37 10.18  13.02 14.20  12.68 14.99  —  -  12.82  Montana Billings (August)........................................... Nebraska Dodge County (August)............................... New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April)................................. Monmouth-Ocean (August) ........................  11.98 13.56  -  17.58  12.18 7.37  12.30  12.86 12 34 14.81  16.30 14.39 18.44  9.02  12.99  ~  -  ~  —  -  15.76 13.39 14.19  "  10.80  -  New Mexico  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  113  “  Table B-14. Average hourly pay' in State and local government, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians Electricians I  New York Delaware County (September) Nassau-Suffolk (December) ... New York (April)...................... Poughkeepsie (August) ......... Rochester (November) .......... Ohio Cincinnati (March)...... Cleveland (August) .... Columbus (November)  _ _ _ -  _  $14.97  _  -  _  -  -  -  -  $15.54 24.53 13.77 14.31  -  -  9.49 11.05 10.58  15.79 19.80 12.55  _ -  $15.77 12.64  -  -  —  '  -  -  -  -  -  $16.56  _  Oregon Portland (May)....................... Salem (July)...........................  10.74 11.24  17.52 14.31  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November) ................ Pittsburgh (January) ....................... Reading (May) ................................ Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November)  11.45 11.87 10.61  14.54 14.58 12.51 12.40  South Carolina Beaufort County (September) Greenwood County (October)  8.69 10.82  10.00  Tennessee Chattanooga (September) Dyer County (October).... Memphis (October)......... Nashville (February) .......  8.16 7.52 9.67 8.63  13.16  Texas Dallas (November).............................. Houston (March)................................. Longview-Marshall (June)................... San Antonio (July) .........................«...  9.17 9.03 7.56 8.34  13.30 14.40  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)...............  15.81 11.40  9.84 9.37  15.55  13.84  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  $12.89 16.29 17.97 14.30 14.35  Pipefitters  $16.16 _  13.57 13.37 12.90  _  9.98  -  14.74 12.37  _  _ ”  “  -  -  -  _  -  _  -  -  -  _ _ -  -  -  14.65 14.28 13.99 12.27  -  -  -  “  9.98 10.04  _ _  _ -  _ 13.77 11.38  _  -  -  _  -  -  “  —  12.06 15.45 11.55  12.25 12.69  $14.70  _ -  12.29 13.45 10.78 11.25  -  _  -  11.89  $8.96  -  _ -  _  -  _ -  12.58  -  -  -  -  -  12.11  -  -  -  -  -  -  12.53  -  12.56 11.50  _  Vermont Burlington (August).............................  13.93 12.19  13.14 -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Mechanics, Machinery  Ill  $10.85 13.17 11.40 11.03 11.79  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September)  Virginia Norlolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July)..............  Machinists II  114  _  14.52 13.73  13.14 •  —  —  "  Table B-14. Average hourly pay' in State and local government, maintenance and toolroom occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Maintenance State, area, and reference month  General Maintenance Workers  Electronic Technicians I  Washington Seattle (December)......................................  $12.43  Wisconsin Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah (June) ............. Manitowoc (December)................................ Milwaukee (October)....................................  11.60 _ 13.26  Wyoming Sweetwater County (September).................  11.71  Mechanics, Machinery  Mechanics, Motor Vehicle  Pipefitters  $19.50  -  ■  $20.54  -  $16.75  $17.76  _  -  $19.51  14.52  14.63  $20.28  -  -  15.51  -  II  Ill  $18.31  _  15.25 19.07  -  15.99  -  -  -  Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Machinists  Electricians  115  — -  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for Tool and Die Makers did not meet publishability criteria in any area.  Table B-15. Average hourly pay' in State and local government, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 Guards Janitors  State, area, and reference month 1  II  Truckdrivers  Material Handling Laborers  Receiving Clerks  Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  i factor Trailer  -  -  -  $12.90  -  -  -  Alabama Huntsville (January)................................  $6.98  -  $6.29  -  -  -  Arizona Phoenix (May).........................................  8.72  -  8.48  -  $9.25  $9.01  Arkansas Little Rock-North Little Rock (November)...........................................  7.36  -  6.01  -  -  -  -  10.52 12.42 12.39  $12.21 14.54  10.53 10.7611.57 10.37 10.28 9.98 12.16 11.63 10.52 9.76  _ _ _ -  _ 11.83 14.89  _ $14.39  11.06  8.99  -  10.66  -  -  California Anaheim-Santa Ana (October) .............. Los Angeles-Long Beach (December).... Oakland (February)................................. Riverside-San Bernardino (August) ....... Sacramento (August).............................. San Diego (November) ........................... San Francisco (April) .............................. San Jose (August).................................. San Luis Obispo County (October)........ Visalia-Tulare-Porterville (May) .............  10.35 10.22 12.01 _ -  10.36 13.51 _ _ _ -  12.88 _ —  -  11.96 —  -'  ~ -  14.93 15.82 17.38 14.11 14.56  $16.64 “ ““  $9.28  12.82 12.71 14.52 11.57  -  11.48 13.23 12.75 13.62  13.19  -  12.60  -  -  -  -  -  Warehouse Specialists  -  Colorado Denver (November) ...............................  8.04  Connecticut Danbury (February) ............................... New Britain (February)...........................  -  -  11.39 11.62  _ -  _ -  _ —  _ '  Delaware Wilmington (December)........................  9.92  -  9.13  -  -  -  -  11.75  -  -  District of Columbia Washington (February).........................  8.49  -  9.85  -  -  -  11.08  12.19  -  -  8.58  7.23 7.20 8.75 7.22  _ _ -  9.47  _ — “  _ —  _ 12.49  7.40  _ _ -  8.96  7.11 5.91  -  8.03 6.29  _ —  _ 6.59  -  -  12.05 9.04  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  Florida Bradenton (April).................. ................. Miami-Hialeah (December).................... Monroe County (September) ................ Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater (July) Georgia Atlanta (April) ......................................... Augusta (June) ......................................  . .  8.23 8.81  Illinois Chicago (May) ....................................... Vermilion County (November) ..............  .  9.17  •  ~  Indiana Elkhart-Goshen (October)...................... Evansville (February)............................. Gary-Hammond (December) ................. Indianapolis (July).................................. South Bend-Mishawaka (September) ....  . . •  6.89 8.54 ~  _ _ 7.96 -  .  9.52 9.63 9.21 8.11 9.47  10.99 11.18  _ —  _ -  -  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  116  10.75  _ 9.59 10.19 9.25  8.37 11.93 8.57  9.24  12.65  -  -  —  —  Table B-15. Average hourly pay’ in State and local government, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Gu ards  State, area, and reference month  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline (January) .... Kentucky Louisville (September)................................. Louisiana Acadia Parish (October) .............................. New Orleans (July) .............................  1  II  -  -  $8.08  Material Handling Laborers  $10.02  -  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Truckdrivers Light Truck  Medium Truck  _  _  -  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  Warehouse Specialists  7.88  6.74  —  Maine Oxford County (October) .............................  ~ -  $9.57  -  8.15  —  —  -  $6.89  "  —  Maryland $9.71  Cumberland (December) .............................  $9.83  $12.14  —  -  ~ Massachusetts Boston (May) ............................................... Lawrence-Haverhill (October)...................... Worcester (August)...................................... Michigan Van Buren County (November) ...................  ~  10.60  — -  ~ -  -  -  ~ $12.39  —  10.35  $12.62  -  -  9.99  '  —  —  12.01 —  ~  —  -  9.19 10.23  Minnesota 13.13 Mississippi Jackson (December)....................................  6.83  Missouri Kansas City (August) ................................... St. Louis (March) .........................................  7.20 9.06  -  -  « 10.86  10.63  9.72 9.06  10.71  8.30  11.10  12.48  ~  12.28  9.78  13.32  9.52 -  9.79 11.21  Montana ~  ~  '  —  -  -  —  9.59  Nebraska Dodge County (August) ............................... New Jersey Bergen-Passaic (April)................................. Newark (February)....................................... New Mexico San Juan County (September) .................  9 89 9.93 12.16  12.04 10.98 12.19  — ”  ~  10.03 12.88  11.98 11.77  6.12  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ~  117  Table B-15. Average hourly pay’ in State and local government, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Truckdrivers  Guards Janitors  State, area, and reference month  Warehouse Specialists  Laborers  Receiving Clerks  — -  —  -  -  -  —  -  -  ~  -  -  8.81 9.56 9.65 8.33  Oklahoma Pittsburg County (September) .............  -  -  5.76  -  -  -  -  -  -  Oregon Portland (May) ..................................... Salem (July).......... !.............................  _  -  -  11.67  -  —  _ —  -  -  8.84 8.21  .  -  _ — -  _ — 8.85  — —  -  12.14 10.96  _ -  _  -  -  -  “ —  7.94  -  -  8.51 7.46  9.10 —  —  I  II  New York Delaware County (September) ............ Nassau-Suffolk (December) ................. New York (April).................................... Poughkeepsie (August) ........................ Rochester (November) .........................  $11.98 10.10  $16.53  Ohio Cincinnati (March)................................. Cleveland (August) ............................... Columbus (November).......................... Scioto County (December) ..................  7.93 10.56 9.76  _  8.41  -  10.67  $8.04 12.85 10.83 9.45 8.94  Pennsylvania Philadelphia (November)..................... Pittsburgh (January) ............................ Reading (May)..................................... Scranton-Wilkes-Barre (November)....  10.73 9.05 9.63 9.98  11.37  10.08 10.19 9.77 9.50  _  — _ -  South Carolina Beaufort County (September)............. Greenwood County (October).............  -  6.57 6.59  _  -  _ 8.25 7.59  6.65 6.80 6.79 6.54  _  — -  9.14 8.48  8.30  _  -  7.22  Tennessee Chattanooga (September) .................. Dyer County (October)......................... Memphis (October)............................. Nashville (February) ...........................  8.18  Texas Dallas (November)............................... Houston (March).................................. Longview-Marshall (June).................... Nacogdoches County (September) .... San Antonio (July) ..............................  ~  ~  _ —  —  —  -  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  $14.28  $13.24  ~  “ —  — 10.43  “ 10.97  11.76 10.72  $12.83  -  $11.21 9.52  ‘  -  7.02 6.87 6.38 5.28 6.20  Light Truck  $8.08 8.11  —  _■ — -  _  -  11.89  -  “ 11.58  — ”  $12.28  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  7.94  10.10  10.04  Utah Salt Lake City-Ogden (April)...............  -  -  7.49  -  -  -  -  -  -  9.88  .  Vermont Burlington (August).............................  .  -  -  7.93  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  9.62  6.86 6.71  -  -  -  _  ~  7.34  Virginia Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News (August)............................................ Richmond-Petersburg (July)..............  See footnotes at end of table.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  118  _  _ 10.02  Table B-15. Average hourly pay' in State and local government, material movement and custodial occupations, selected areas, 1992 — Continued Gu ards  State, area, and reference month  Janitors I  il  Material Handling Laborers  Shipping/ Receiving Clerks  Truckdrivers Specialists  Light Truck  Medium Truck  Heavy Truck  Tractor Trailer  $12.76  $14.52  $14.72  $16.82  $13.03  —  ~  -  -  —  -  -  $11.59  -  _  Washington $11.03 Wisconsin  '  Wyoming  _ Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  119  _  -  NOTE: Dashes indicate no data or that data did not meet publication criteria. Areas do not appear on this table if they had no publishable data for these occupations or for this level of industry detail. Pay data for Forklift Operators and Order Fillers did not meet publishability criteria in any area.  Appendix lll-A. Scope and Method of Survey  adding missing establishments, removing out-of-business and out-of-scope units,  Survey coverage The 1992 data in this report are based on occupational compensation surveys  and updating addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other  conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Surveys cover establishments employing 50 workers or more in manufacturing; transportation, communications,  information. The expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational  electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,  pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and  and real estate; and selected services industries.! About half of the 1992 surveys also include State and local governments and other additional industries. All  clerical occupations determines the establishment sample size in a stratum.  surveys exclude private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the  designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. Upward adjustments to establishment sample size are necessary in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous  In  other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in  self-employed. The Bureau conducts Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) surveys on a sample basis. Individual survey area bulletins and summaries (listed in Table 1 in this appendix) provide detailed industrial coverage information for  survey experiences. After sample size determination, the Bureau selects a probability sample, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, the Bureau selects a greater proportion of  each area, including the estimated number of establishments and workers covered by the OCSP scope along with the number actually included in the survey area sample.  large than small establishments. Combining the data from each establishment, weighted according to its probability of selection, results in the formation of  Establishment samples  unbiased estimates.  To permit presentation of locality pay data, statisticians draw establishment samples for each area surveyed in the OCSP. Sampling design involves: Organizing the sampling frame (the list of all area establishments) into strata based on industry and employment size; determining the size of the sample for each  Data collection and payroll reference Bureau field economists obtain survey data from a sample of establishments within each survey area (as defined in Part II: Pay Comparisons appendix II-B), usually by personal visit. The collection period for each area is typically 4 months,  stratum; and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The Bureau develops sampling frames from State unemployment insurance reports. Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's  and published survey data reflect an average payroll reference month. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of the reference month include  reference period are included in the survey sampling frame, even if they employ fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. Prior to survey collection, review  general wage changes which became effective through that date.  of the sampling frame uncovers any necessary corrections, which typically involve1  Survey occupations Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and are representative of the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area or nonmetropolitan county are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is usually defined as all locations of a government entity.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Appendix  120  III-B  lists  and  describes  the  occupations  selected  for study,  along  with  Occupational pay data correspond to full-time workers, and they exclude  of-business or outside the scope of the survey. Individual survey bulletins (with type 1 industrial coverage) provide exact measurements of data not available on a locality basis. If a sample member refuses to participate or cannot provide data, BLS adjusts the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments to account for the missing data. Weights for establishments which  premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the  were out of business or outside the scope of the survey change to zero. Some sampled establishments have a policy of not disclosing salary data for  auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-of-living allowance clauses and incentive  certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates to account for these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 2 percent.  payments, however, are included in the pay data. Weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of  Reliability of the estimates—sampling errors  corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard  Occupational Classification Manual.  Occupational pay  pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for  Two types of error, sampling and nonsampling affect the reliability of survey estimates. Sampling errors occur because observations are from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey was one of a number  these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar.  of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the  The mean (average) is computed for each job by totaling pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. For some areas, pay data may not be available  same sample design. Estimates derived from different samples differ from each other. A measure of the variation among differing estimates is called the standard  at the industry or all-industries level because (1) the data do not provide statistically reliable results, (2) the data possibly disclose individual establishment  area bulletins.  an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of  data, or (3) the survey has a limited industrial scope. All-industries estimates combine data from private industry with State and local governments, in selected areas (types 1 and 2, as indicated in Appendix table 1), even though pay data may not appear separately for each industry division.  error or sampling error. This information is available in selected individual survey  Reliability of the estimates—nonsampling errors A variety of sources may cause nonsampling errors, the second type of sample survey error. Nonsampling errors may originate in collection, response, coverage, and estimation of data. Typical sources of nonsampling error include the inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties in interpreting and applying survey occupational definitions; failure of respondents to provide correct information; and inaccuracies in recording or coding the collected data. Although  Data limitations Tiie pay data presented in this report reflect locality averages. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay does not necessarily reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. Also, note that although tables may present pay data for a particular industry  not specifically measured, OCSP nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to high response rates; the extensive and continuous training of field economists; careful screening of data at several levels of review; periodic  division, the extent of industrial coverage may vary among areas included on the same table. Appendix table 1 summarizes these differences in industrial coverage.  evaluations of job definition suitability; and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions.  Weekly pay data for white-collar and protective services workers refer to the  The OCSP Job Match Validation (JMV) process helps measure and control  standard workweek for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries.  nonsampling errors occurring during data collection. Introduced in 1983, the JMV quality control procedure identifies the frequency, reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in matching establishment  Hourly pay differentials may be more or less significant than those reflected in the weekly averages. workweek data.  Consult individual area bulletins and summaries for standard  occupations to OCSP occupations. JMV reviewers examine data from a sample of survey participants and reinterview the original respondents to verify the accuracy of the job match decisions. Among OCSP areas surveyed, the JMV process typically results in data changes for less than 10 percent of all sampled job match decisions.  Survey nonresponse Nationally, data were not available from about 12 percent of the sample establishments, and about 7 percent of the sample establishments were either out https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  121  Appendix table 1: Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) publications, calendar year 1992  Publication1  State and area  Industrial coverage2  Benefits3  Publication1  State and area  Alaska  Industrial coverage2  Benefits3  Florida  Statewide Alaska................................................... SUM  3  NO  Alabama  SUM  3  YES  Gadsden and Anniston.......................... ......  SUM  3  YES  Huntsville............................................... .......  3065-2  2  YES  Mobile.................................................... .......  SUM  3  YES  Montgomery.......................................... .......  SUM  3  YES  Selma.................................................... .......  SUM  3  YES  3065-30  2  NO YES  Birmingham........................................... .........  Tucson-Douglas.................................... ......  SUM  3  SUM  3  NO  3065-63  2  NO  Anaheim-Santa Ana.............................. ......  3065-73  2  NO  Fresno................................................... ......  SUM  3  YES  Little Rock-North Little Rock................. .......  Los Angeles-Long Beach..................... .....  3056-79  1  NO  3065-25  2  NO  Oxnard-Ventura..................................... .....  SUM  3  NO  Riverside-San Bernardino.................... .......  3065-55  1  NO  Sacramento........................................... ......  3065-47  2  NO  Salinas-Seaside-Monterey................... .......  SUM  3  YES  San Diego......................................................  3065-65  1  NO  San Francisco....................................... .......  3065-14  1  NO  3065-66  2  NO  San Luis Obispo County....................... ..........  SUM  1  NO  Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa....................................  SUM  3  YES  Visalia-Tulare-Porterville...................... .......  3065-24  2  NO  Colorado Springs................................ .......  3065-42  3  YES  Denver................................................... ......  3065-77  1  NO  Pueblo................................................... .......  SUM  3  YES  YES  3  YES  Miami-Hialeah........................................... ....  3065-72  2  NO NO  Northwestern Florida................................ ..  SUM  Orlando..................................................... ..  SUM  3 34  YES  Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater............ ...  3065-44  2  NO  Albany....................................................... ...  SUM  3  NO  Atlanta...................................................... ...  3065-39  1  NO  Augusta.................................................... ...  3065-27  2  NO  Brunswick................................................. ..  SUM  3  YES  Columbus................................................. ....  SUM  3  NO  ....  SUM  3  YES  SUM  3  NO  Savannah.................................................. ..  California  Oakland................................................. ......  2  SUM  Georgia  Arkansas  ......  3065-50  Jacksonville.............................................. ...  NO  Arizona  Phoenix.........................................................  Bradenton................................................. ...  Illinois Chicago.................................................... ...  3065-21  1  NO  Joliet.......................................................... ...  SUM  3  YES  Vermilion County...................................... ..  SUM  1  NO  Elkhart-Goshen......................................... ...  3065-58  2  NO  Evansville.....................................................  3065-8  1  NO  Fort Wayne............................................... ..  3065-41  3  Gary-Hammond....................................... ...  3065-74  2  YES NO5  Indianapolis.............................................. ...  3065-38  1  NO  Logansport-Peru....................................... .  SUM  3  NO  South Bend-Mishawaka........................... ...  3065-54  2  YES  3065-4  2  YES  Iowa Davenport-Rock Island-Moline................. ....  Colorado  Kansas  Topeka...................................................... ...  SUM  3  NO  Wichita..................................................... ....  SUM  3  YES  Connecticut Danbury................................................. ......  3065-1  2  YES  ......  3065-9  1  NO  3065-70  2  NO  Kentucky NO  Delaware Wilmington............................................ ....... District of Columbia   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3065-12  1  Acadia Parish........................................... ....  SUM  1  NO  Baton Rouge................................................  SUM  3  YES  3065-28  2  NO  SUM  3  YES  ..  YES  Shreveport................................................ ..  122  Appendix table 1: Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) publications, calendar year 1992 (continued)  State and area  Publication1  Industrial coverage2  Benefits3  State and area  Maine  Publication1  Industrial coverage2  Benefits'  New Jersey  Oxford County...................................................  SUM  NO  Atlantic City...............................................  SUM  37  YES  Statewide Maine..................................................  SUM  YES  Bergen-Passaic.........................................  3065-19  2  YES  Mon mouth-Ocean......................................  3065-68  2  NO  Newark...... .................................................  3065-7  2  YES  SUM  1  NO  Maryland  Baltimore.....................  3065-36  Cumberland................  3065-69  NO  Lower Eastern Shore..  SUM  YES  NO New Mexico San Juan County.......................................  Massachusetts  New York  Boston.................................................... .... Lawrepce-Haverhill................................. .....  3065-20  1  NO  Binghamton.... ...........................................  SUM  3  YES  3065-45  1  NO  Delaware County.......................................  Worcester................................................ ....  3065-40  2  NO  Elmira......................... ..............................  SUM 3065-32  1 16  NO NO  Michigan  Detroit..................................................... .....  3065-75  1  NO  Saginaw-Bay City-Midland..................... ....  3065-34  i6  NO  Upper Peninsula..................................... .....  SUM  3  NO  Van Buren County................................... ........  SUM  1  NO  Duluth...................................................... .... Minneapolis-St. Paul............................... ....  SUM  3  NO  3065-22  2  NO  St. Cloud................................................. ....  3066-11  2  YES  Biloxi-Guifport and Pascagoula.............. ......  SUM  3  YES  Columbus................................................ ....  SUM  3  Jackson................................................... ...  3065-76  2  YES NO5  Nassau-Suffok...........................................  3065-78  1  NO  New York........................ ...........................  3065-48  1  NO  Poughkeepsie.............................................  3065-29  2  NO  Rochester..................................................  3065-62  2  NO  Syracuse and Utica-Rome........................  SUM 3065-31  3 16  YES NO  Goldsboro.................. ................................  SUM  3  YES  Greensboro--Winston-Salem--High Point.  SUM  3  YES  Utica-Rome................................................  Minnesota  North Carolina  Ohio  Mississippi  Missouri  Kansas City............................................. .... Southern Missouri.................................... ....  3065-37  1  NO  SUM  3  YES  St. Louis........................................................  3067-10  2  YES  3065-35  NO  SUM  NO  Omaha.....................  SUM  YES  Scotts Bluff County...,  SUM  NO   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NO  Columbus...................................................  3065-61  2  NO  Lorain-Elyria............................................. .  SUM  3  YES  Sandusky...................................................  SUM  3  NO  Scioto County.............................................  SUM  1  NO  Toledo........................................................  SUM  3  YES  SUM  1  NO  Portland.....................................................  3065-46  2  NO  Salem............ ............................................  3065-43  1  NO  NO  Pennsylvania  SUM  NO  New Hampshire  Carroll County.  YES  1  Oregon  Nevada  Las Vegas-Tonopah.  1  3065-51  Pittsburg County.......................................  Nebraska  Dodge County..........  3065-13  Oklahoma  Montana  Billings..  Cincinnati................................................... Cleveland...................................................  Philadelphia................................................  3065-71  1  Pittsburgh...................................................  3065-6  2  YES  Reading......................................................  3065-23  1  NO  Scranton-Wilkes-Barre...............................  3065-67  2  NO  Rhode Island  SUM  NO  Providence.  123  SUM  3  NO  Appendix table 1: Occupational Compensation Survey Program (OCSP) publications, calendar year 1992 (continued) Industrial coverage1 2  Publication1  State and area  Benefits3 4 5  State and area  Publication1  Industrial coverage2  Benefits3  1  NO  Utah  South Carolina  ....  SUM  1  NO  .....  SUM  3  YES  Columbia-Sumter................................. ...... Florence.....................................................  SUM  3  YES  SUM  3  YES  ......  SUM  3  YES  .........  SUM  1  NO  3065-52  1  NO  SUM  3  YES  1  NO  i  NO  3065-18  2  NO  ......  3065-15  16 7  NO  .......  SUM  3  YES  3065-80  1  NO  3065-17  1  YES  2  YES  Salt Lake City-Ogden.................................  3065-16  Vermont  Burlington...................................................  3065-60  1  YES  Statewide Vermont......................................  SUM  3  YES  SUM  3  NO  Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News......  3065-57  1  NO  Richmond-Petersburg..................................  3065-56  2  NO  Bremerton-Shelton....................................  SUM  3  NO  Seattle............................... .................. .  3065-81  1  NO  SUM  3  YES  Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah..........................  3065-49  2  YES  Green Bay.......... :.......................................  SUM  3  YES  Madison.......................................................  SUM  3  NO  Manitowoc County.......................................  SUM  1  NO  Milwaukee............................................... .  3065-59  2  NO  Cheyenne...................................................  SUM  3  NO  Sweetwater County...................................  SUM  1  NO  Virgin Islands of the U.S................................ Virginia  Tennessee Chattanooga......................................... ...... Clarksville-Hopkinsville....................... ....... ........ Memphis.............................................. ..... Nashville.............................................. ......  SUM 3065-64  .  Washington  West Virginia  Tsxas  Dallas................................................... ........ Houston...... ......................................... ....... ......  3065-33  .......  SUM  1  NO  ......  SUM  3  NO  ......  SUM SUM  3 1T  YES  San Angelo.......................................... ...... .......  3065-26  1  NO  Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus.............. . ........  SUM  3  YES  Statewide West Virginia...................... Wisconsin  NO  Wyoming  1 "SUM" indicates that a tree survey summary is available from Regional Offices, listed on the back oover of this publication. Otherwise, bulletin numbers identify those locality pay surveys which are available for a nominal fee from the Government Printing Office (GPO), Washington, DC 20402, GPO Bookstores, or the Bureau of Labor Statistics Publications Sales Center, PO Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690. 2 Basic industrial coverage (type 3) includes: all Manufacturing (Standard Industrial Classification (SIC’s) 201-399); mos1 Transportation, communications, electnc, gas, and sanitary services (SIC's 401-411,413-423, 441-443, 451-497); all Wholesale trade (SIC's 501-519); all Retail trade (SIC’s 521-599); all Finance, insurance, and real estate (SIC's 601-679); and Selected Services (SIC's 701-754, 781-784, B61-865, B69-874, and 899) Typo 2 industrial scope also covers State and local government operations of all SICs, 011-972. In addition to the type 2 scope, type 1 surveys also include the following industries ; all Mining (SICs 101-149), all Construction (SIC's 152-179), additional Transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services (SIC's 412 and 449); and additional Selected Services (SIC's 762-769, 791-842, and 866). All types of OCSP industrial coverage exclude Agriculture, forestry and fishing (SICs 011-097), the US. Postal Service (SIC 431), private households (SIC 881), and Federal, foreign, and international governments. 3 Benefit data include paid holidays and vacations; health insurance, retirement and other benefit plan provisions for full-time employees. 4 This survey also covers amusement parks (SIC 7996). 5 Benefits data are available in earlier 1992 publications for Gary, IN (February, Bulletin 3065-5) and Jackson, MS (January, Bulletin 3065-3). 6 This survey did not cover State and local governments. 7  This survey also covers garrbling establishments (part of SIC’s 7993 and 7999)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  124  Appendix lll-B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau's occupational pay surveys is to assist its field economists in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping of occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on comparability of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau's field economists are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; learners, beginners, and trainees; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers, unless specifically included in the job description. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. The titles and numeric codes below the job titles in this appendix are taken from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual (SOC), issued by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Federal Statistical Policy and Standards. In general, the occupational descriptions of the Bureau of Labor Statistics are much more specific than those found in the SOC manual. The BLS occupation, "Attorney," for example, excludes workers engaged in patent work; the SOC occupation (code 211) includes patent lawyers. Thus, in comparing the results of this survey with other sources, factors such as differences in occupational definitions and survey scope should be taken into consideration.  Positions covered by this definition are characterized by the inclusion of work that is analytical, creative, evaluative, and advisory in nature. The work draws upon and requires a thorough knowledge of the fundamental doctrines, theories, principles, and terminology of accountancy, and often entails some understanding of such related fields as business law, statistics, and general management. Professional responsibilities in accountant positions above levels I and II include several such duties as: Analyzing the effects of transactions upon account relationships; Evaluating alternative means of treating transactions; Planning the manner in which account structures should be developed or modified; Assuring the adequacy of the accounting system as the basis for reporting to management; Considering the need for new or changed controls; Projecting accounting data to show the effects of proposed plans on capital investments, income, cash position, and overall financial condition;  Professional  Interpreting the meaning of accounting records, reports, and statements;  ACCOUNTANT  Advising operating officials on accounting matters; and  (1412: Accountant and auditor) Performs professional operating or cost accounting work requiring knowledge of the theory and practice of recording, classifying, examining, and analyzing the data and records of financial transactions. The work generally requires a bachelor's degree in accounting or, in rare instances, equivalent experience and education combined.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Recommending improvements, adaptations, or revisions in the accounting system and procedures. Accountant I and II positions provide opportunity to develop ability to perform professional duties such as those enumerated above.  125  In addition to such professional work, most accountants are also responsible for assuring the proper recording and documentation of transactions in the accounts. They, therefore, frequently direct nonprofessional personnel in the actual day-to-day maintenance of books of accounts, the accumulation of cost or other comparable data, the preparation of standard reports and statements, and similar work. (Positions involving such supervisory work but not including professional duties as described above are not included in this description.) Some accountants use electronic data processing equipment to process, record, and report accounting data. In some such cases the machine unit is a subordinate segment of the accounting system; in others it is a separate entity or is attached to some other organization. In either instance, provided that the primary responsibility of the position is professional accounting work of the type otherwise included, the use of data processing equipment of any type does not of itself exclude a position from the accountant description nor does it change its level.  Typical duties and responsibilities. Performs a variety of accounting tasks such as: examining a variety of financial statements for completeness, internal accuracy, and conformance with uniform accounting classifications or other specific accounting requirements; reconciling reports and financial data with financial statements already on file, and pointing out apparent inconsistencies or errors; carrying out assigned steps in an accounting analysis, such as computing standard ratios; assembling and summarizing accounting literature on a given subject; preparing relatively simple financial statements not involving problems of analysis or presentation; and preparing charts, tables, and other exhibits to be used in reports. In addition, may also perform some nonprofessional tasks for training purposes. Responsibility for the direction of others. Usually none.  Accountant II  a.  Top technical experts in accounting, for an organization, who are responsible for the overall direction of an entire accounting program which includes general accounting and at least one other major accounting activity such as cost, property, sales, or tax accounting;  General characteristics. At this level, the accountant makes practical application of technical accounting practices and concepts beyond the mere application of detailed rules and instructions. Initial assignments are designed to expand practical experience and to develop professional judgment in the application of basic accounting techniques to simple problems. Is expected to be competent in the application of standard procedures and requirements to routine transactions, to raise questions about unusual or questionable items, and to suggest solutions.  b.  Accountants above level VI who are more concerned with administrative, budgetary, and policy matters than the day-to-day supervision of an operating accounting program; and  Direction received. Work is reviewed to verify general accuracy and coverage of unusual problems, and to insure conformance with required procedures and special instructions.  c.  Accountants primarily responsible for 1) designing and improving accounting systems or 2) performing nonoperating staff work such as budget or financial analysis, financial analysis, or tax advising.  Typical duties and responsibilities. Performs a variety of accounting tasks, e.g., prepares routine working papers, schedules, exhibits, and summaries indicating the extent of the examination and presenting and supporting findings and recommendations. Examines a variety of accounting documents to verify accuracy of computations and to ascertain that all transactions are properly supported, are in accordance with pertinent policies and procedures, and are classified and recorded according to acceptable accounting standards.  Excluded are:  %  Accountant I General characteristics. At this beginning professional level, the accountant learns to apply the principles, theories, and concepts of accounting to a specific system. The position is distinguishable from nonprofessional positions by the variety of assignments; rate and scope of development expected; and the existence, implicit or explicit, of a planned training program designed to give the entering accountant practical experience. (Terminal positions are excluded.) Direction received. Works under close supervision of an experienced accountant whose guidance is directed primarily to the development of the trainee's professional ability and to the evaluation of advancement potential. Limits of assignments are clearly defined, methods of procedure are specified, and kinds of items to be noted and referred to supervisor are identified.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Responsibility for the direction of others. responsible for supervision of a few clerks.  Usually none, although sometimes  Accountant III General characteristics. The accountant at this level applies well established accounting principles, theories, concepts, and practices to moderately difficult problems. Receives detailed instructions concerning the overall accounting system and its objectives, the policies and procedures under which it is operated, and the nature of changes in the system or its operation. Characteristically, the accounting system or  126  assigned segment is stable and well established (i.e., the basic chart of accounts, classifications, the nature of the cost accounting system, the report requirements, and the procedures are changed infrequently). Depending upon the work load involved, the accountant may have such assignments as supervision of the day-to-day operation of: (a) the entire system of a relatively small organization; (b) a major segment (e.g., general accounting, cost accounting, financial statements and reports) of a somewhat larger system; or (c) in a complex system, may be assigned to a relatively narrow and specialized segment dealing with some problem, function, or portion of work which is appropriate for this level. Direction received. A higher level professional accountant normally is available to furnish advice and assistance as needed. Work is reviewed for technical accuracy, adequacy of professional judgment, and compliance with instructions through spot checks, appraisal of results, subsequent processing, analysis of reports and statements, and other appropriate means. Typical duties and responsibilities. The primary responsibility of most positions at this level is to assure that the assigned day-to-day operations are carried out in accordance with established accounting principles, policies, and objectives. The accountant performs such professional work as: developing nonstandard reports and statements (e.g., those containing cash forecasts reflecting the interrelations of accounting, cost budgeting, or comparable information); interpreting and pointing out trends or deviations from standards; projecting data into the future; predicting the effects of changes in operating programs; or identifying management informational needs, and refining account structures or reports accordingly. Within the limits of delegated responsibility, makes day-to-day decisions concerning the accounting treatment of financial transactions. In expected to recommend solutions to moderately difficult problems and propose changes in the accounting system for approval at higher levels. Such recommendations are derived from personal knowledge of the application of well-established principles and practices. Responsibility for the direction of others. In most instances is responsible for supervision of a subordinate nonprofessional staff; may coordinate the work of lower level professional accountants.  Accountant IV General characteristics. At this level the accountant applies well-established accounting principles, theories, concepts, and practices to a wide variety of difficult problems. Receives instructions concerning the objectives and operation of the overall accounting system. Compared with level HI, the accounting system or assigned segment is more complex, i.e., (a) is relatively unstable, (b) must adjust to new or changing operational environments, (c) is substantially larger or (d) is complicated by the need to provide and coordinate separate or specialized accounting treatment and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  reporting (e.g., cost accounting using standard cost, process cost, and job order techniques) for different internal operations or divisions. Depending upon the work load and degree of coordination involved, the accountant IV may have such assignments as the supervision of the day-to-day operation of: (a) an entire accounting system which has a few relatively stable accounting segments; (b) a major segment (e.g., general accounting, cost accounting, or financial statements and reports) of an accounting system serving a larger and more complex organization; or (c) in a complex system, may be assigned to a relatively narrow and specialized segment dealing with some problem, function, or portion of work which is of the level of difficulty characteristic of this level. Direction received. A higher level accountant normally is available to furnish advice and assistance as needed. Work is reviewed by spot checks and appraisal of results for adequacy of professional judgment, compliance with instructions, and overall accuracy and quality. Typical duties and responsibilities. As at level HI, a primary characteristic of most positions at this level is the responsibility of operating an accounting system or major segment of a system in the intended manner. The accountant IV exercises professional judgment in making frequent, appropriate recommendations for: new accounts; revisions in the account structure; new types of ledgers; revisions in the reporting system or subsidiary records; changes in instructions regarding the use of accounts, new or refined account classifications or definitions; etc. Also makes day-to-day decisions concerning the accounting treatment of financial transactions and is expected to recommend solutions to complex problems beyond incumbent's scope of responsibility. Responsibility for the direction of others. Accounting staff supervised, if any, may include professional accountants.  Accountant V General characteristics. The accountant V applies accounting principles, theories, concepts, and practices to the solution of problems for which no clear precedent exists or performs work which is of greater than average responsibility due to the nature or magnitude of the assigned work. Responsibilities at this level, in contrast to accountants at level IV, extend beyond accounting system maintenance to the solution of more complex technical and managerial problems. Work of accountants V is more directly concerned with what the accounting system (or segment) should be, what operating policies and procedures should be established or revised, and what is the managerial as well as the accounting meaning of the data included in the reports and statements for which they are responsible. Examples of assignments characteristic of this level are supervision of the day-to-day operation of: (a) an entire accounting system which has a few relatively complex  accounting segments; (b) a major segment of a larger and more complex accounting system; (c) an entire accounting system (or major segment) that is relatively stable and conventional when the work includes significant responsibility for accounting system design and development; or (d) in a complex system, may be assigned to a relatively narrow and specialized segment dealing with some problem, function, or portion of work which is itself of the level of difficulty characteristic of this level. Direction received. An accountant of higher level normally is available to furnish advice and assistance as needed. Work is reviewed for adequacy of professional judgment, compliance with instructions, and overall quality. Typical duties and responsibilities. The accountant V performs such professional work as: participating in the development and coordinating the implementation of new or revised accounting systems, and initiating necessary instructions and procedures; assuring that accounting reporting systems and procedures are in compliance with established administrative policies, regulations, and acceptable accounting practices; providing technical advice and services to operating managers, interpreting accounting reports and statements, and identifying problem areas; and evaluating complete assignments for conformance with applicable policies, regulations, and tax laws. Responsibility for the direction of others. includes professional accountants.  Accounting staff supervised generally  Accountant VI General characteristics. At this level, the accountant applies accounting principles, theories, concepts, and practices to specialized, unique, or nonrecurring complex problems (e.g., implementation of specialized automated accounting systems). The work is substantially more difficult and of greater responsibility than level V because of the unusual nature, magnitude, importance, or overall impact of the work on the accounting program.  Typical duties and responsibilities. Accountants at this level are delegated completeresponsibility from higher authority to establish and implement new or revised accounting policies and procedures. Typically, accountants VI participate in decision­ making sessions with operating managers who have policy-making authority for their subordinate organizations or establishments; recommend management actions or alternatives which can be taken when accounting data disclose unfavorable trends, situations, or deviations; and assist management officials in applying financial data and information to the solution of administrative and operating problems. Responsibility for the direction of others. includes professional accountants.  Accounting staff supervised generally  ACCOUNTANT, PUBUC (1412: Accountant and auditor) Performs professional auditing work in a public accounting firm. Work requires at least a bachelor's degree in accounting. Participates in or conducts audits to ascertain the fairness of financial representations made by client companies. May also assist the client in improving accounting procedures and operations. Examines financial reports, accounting records, and related documents and practices of clients. Determines whether all important matters have been disclosed and whether procedures are consistent and conform to acceptable practices. Samples and tests transactions, internal controls, and other elements of the accounting system(s) as needed to render the accounting firm's final written opinion. Excluded are positions which do not require full professional accounting training. Also excluded are specialist positions in tax or management advisory services.  Accountant, Public I  At this level the accounting system or segment is usually complex, i.e., (a) is generally unstable, (b) must adjust to the frequent changing needs of the organization, or (c) is complicated by the need to provide specialized or individualized reports.  General characteristics. As an entry level public accountant, serves as a junior member of an audit team. Receives classroom and on-the-job training to provide practical experience in applying the principles, theories, and concepts of accounting and auditing to specific situations. (Positions held by trainee public accountants with advanced degrees, such as MBA's are excluded at this level.)  Examples of assignments at this level are the supervision of the day-to-day operation of: (a) a large and complex accounting system; or (b) a major segment (e.g., general accounting, property accounting, etc.) of an unusually complex accounting system requiring technical expertise in a particular accounting field (e.g., cost accounting, tax accounting, etc.).  Direction received. Complete instructions are furnished and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy, conformance with required procedures and instructions, and usefulness in facilitating the accountant's professional growth. Any technical problems not covered by instructions are brought to the attention of a superior.  Direction received. A higher level professional accountant is normally available to furnish advice as needed. Work is reviewed for adequacy of professional judgment, compliance with instructions and policies, and overall quality.  Typical duties and responsibilities. Carries out basic audit tests and procedures, such as: verifying reports against source accounts and records; reconciling bank and other accounts; and examining cash receipts and disbursements, payroll records,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  128  requisitions,receiving reports, and other accounting documents in detail to ascertain that transactions are properly supported and recorded. Prepares selected portions of audit working papers.  Accountant, Public II General characteristics. At this level, the public accountant carries out routine audit functions and detail work with relative independence. Serves as a member of an audit team on assignments planned to provide exposure to a variety of client organizations and audit situations. Specific assignments depend upon the difficulty and complexity of the audit and whether the client has been previously audited by the firm. On moderately complex audits where there is previous audit experience by the firm, accomplishes complete segments of the audit (i.e., functional work areas such as cash, receivables, etc.). When assigned to more complicated audits, carries out activities similar to public accountant I. Direction received. Works under the supervision of a higher level public accountant who provides instructions and continuing direction as necessary. Work is spot checked in progress and reviewed upon completion to determine the adequacy of procedures, soundness of judgment, compliance with professional standards, and adherence to clearly established methods and techniques. All interpretations are subject to close professional review. Typical duties and responsibilities. Carries out a variety of sampling and testing procedures in accordance with the prescribed audit program, including the examination of transactions and verification of accounts, the analysis and evaluation of accounting practices and internal controls, and other detail work. Prepares a share of the audit working papers and participates in drafting reports. In moderately complex audits, may assist in selecting appropriate tests, samples, and methods commonly applied by the firm and may serve as primary assistant to the accountant in charge. In more complicated audits concentrates on detail work. Occasionally may be in charge of small, uncomplicated audits which require only one or two other subordinate accountants. Personal contacts usually involve only the exchange of factual technical information and are usually limited to the client’s operating accounting staff and department heads.  Accountant, Public III General characteristics. At this level the public accountant is in charge of a complete audit and may lead a team of several subordinates. Audits are usually accomplished one at a time and are typically carried out at a single location. The firms audited are typically moderately complex, and there is usually previous audit experience by the firm. The audit conforms to standard procedural guidelines, but is often tailored to fit the clients business activities. Routine procedures and techniques are sometimes inadequate and require adaptation. Necessary data are not always readily available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  When assigned to more difficult and complex audits (see level IV), the accountant may run the audit of a major component or serve as the primary assistant to the accountant in charge. Direction received. Works under the general supervision of a higher level public accountant who oversees the operation of the audit. Work is performed independently, applying generally accepted accounting principles and auditing standards, but assistance on difficult technical matters is available. Work may be checked occasionally during progress for appropriateness and adherence to time requirements, but routine analyses, methods, techniques, and procedures applied at the work site are expected to be correct. Typical duties and responsibilities. Is responsible for carrying out the technical features of the audit, leading team members and personally performing the most difficult work. Carries out field work in accordance with the general format prescribed in the audit program, but selects specific methods and types and sizes of samples and tests. Assigns work to team members, furnishes guidance, and adjusts work loads to accommodate daily priorities. Thoroughly reviews work performed for technical accuracy and adequacy. Resolves anticipated problems with established guidelines and priorities but refers problems of unusual difficulty to superiors for discussion and advice. Drafts financial statements, final reports, management letters, and other closing memoranda. Discusses significant recommendations with superiors and may serve as technical resource at closing meetings with clients. Personal contacts are usually with accounting directors and assistant controllers of medium size companies and divisions of large corporations to explain and interpret policies and procedures governing the audit process.  Accountant, Public IV General characteristics. At this level, the public accountant directs field work including difficult audits—e.g., those involving initial audits of new clients, acquisitions, or stock registration—and may oversee a large audit team split between several locations. The audit team usually includes one or more level III public accountants who handle major components of the audit. The audits are complex and clients typically include those engaged in projects which span accounting periods; highly regulated industries which have various external reporting requirements; publicly held corporations; or businesses with very high dollar or transaction volume. Clients are frequently large with a variety of operations which may have different accounting systems. Guidelines may be general or lacking and audit programs are intricate, often requiring extensive tailoring to meet atypical or novel situations. Direction received. Works under general supervision. The supervisor sets overall objectives and resource limits but relies on the accountant to fully plan and direct all technical phases of the audit. Issues not covered by guidelines or known precedents are discussed with the supervisor, but the accountant's recommended approaches and courses of action are normally approved. Work is reviewed for soundness of approach,  completeness, and conformance with established policies of the firm. Typical duties and responsibilities. Is responsible for carrying out the operational and technical features of the audit, directing the work of team members, and personally performing the most difficult work. Often participates in the development of the audit scope, and drafts complicated audit programs with a large number of concurrently executed phases. Independently develops audit steps and detailed procedures, deviating from traditional methods to the extent required. Makes program adjustments as necessary once an audit has begun; selects specific methods, types and sizes of samples, the extent to which discrepancies need to be investigated, and the depth of required analyses. Resolves most operational difficulties and unanticipated problems.  to effect the rights, privileges, and obligations of the organization. The work performedrequires completion of law school with an L.L.B. degree (or the equivalent) and admission to the bar. Responsibilities or functions include one or more of the following or comparable duties: Preparing and reviewing various legal instruments and documents, such as contracts, leases, licenses, purchases, sales, real estate, etc.; Acting as agent of the organization in its transactions; Examining material (e.g., advertisements, publications, etc.) for legal implications; advising officials of proposed legislation which might affect the organization;  Assigns work to team members; reviews work for appropriateness, conformance to time requirements, and adherence to generally accepted accounting principles and auditing standards. Consolidates working papers, draft reports, and findings; and prepares financial statements, management letters, and other closing memoranda for management approval. Participates in "closing" meetings as a technical resource and may be called upon to sell or defend controversial and critical observations and recommendations. Personal contacts are extensive and typically include top executives of smaller clients and mid- to upper-level financial and management officers of large corporations, e.g., assistant controllers and controllers. Such contacts involve coordinating and advising on work efforts and resolving operating problems.  Applying for patents, copyrights, or registration of the organization's products, processes, devices, and trademarks; advising whether to initiate or defend law suits; Conducting pretrial preparations; defending the organization in lawsuits; and Advising officials on tax matters, government regulations, and/or legal rights. Excluded are:  Note:  Excluded from this level are public accountants who direct field work associated with the complete range of audits undertaken by the firm, lead the largest and most difficult audits, and who frequently oversee teams performing concurrent audits. This type of work requires extensive knowledge of one or more industries to make subjective determinations on questions of tax, law, accounting, and business practices. Audits may be complicated by such factors as: the size and diversity of the client organizations (e.g., multinational corporations and conglomerates with a large number of separate and distinct subsidiaries); accounting issues where precedents are lacking or in conflict; and, in some cases, clients who are encountering substantial financial difficulties. They perform most work without technical supervision and completed audits are reviewed mainly for propriety of recommendations and conformance with general policies of the firm. Also excluded are public accountants whose principal function is to manage, rather than perform accounting work, and the equity owners of the firm who have final approval authority.  a.  Patent work which requires professional training in addition to legal training (typically, a degree in engineering or in a science);  b.  Claims examining, claims investigating, or similar work for which professional legal training and bar membership is not essential;  c.  Attorneys, frequently titled "general counsel" or "attorney general" (and their immediate full associates or deputies), who are responsible for participating in the management and formulation of policy for the overall organization in addition to directing its legal work. (The duties and responsibilities of such positions exceed level VI as described below);  d.  Attorneys in legal firms; and,  e.  Attorneys primarily responsible for: prosecuting defendants; drafting legislation; defending the general public (e.g., public defenders, student's attorneys); and planning and producing legal publications.  ATTORNEY (211: Lawyer) Performs consultation and advisory work and carries out the legal processes necessary   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Attorney jobs which meet the above definitions are to be classified and coded in accordance with the chart below.  130  Criteria for matching attorneys by level Level 1  Difficulty level of legal work  Responsibility level of job  This is the entry level. The duties and responsibilities after initial orientation and training are those described in D-l and R-l.  D-i  II  ~  ~  Experience required Completion of law school with an L.L.B. or J.D. degree plus admission to the bar.  FL2 Sufficient professional experience (at least 1 year, usually more) at the "D-l" level to assure competence as an attorney.  or D-2  R-!  m  D-2  R-2  At least 1 year, usually more, of professional experience at the "D-2" level.  IV  D-2  R-3  Extensive professional experience at the "D-2" or a higher level.  D-3  or R-2  ~D-2  V  D-3 VI  R4  Extensive professional experience at the "D-3" or "R-3" levels.  or  EK3  R-3  rT  Extensive professional experience at the "D-3" and "R-3" levels.  D-l, "2> and -3, and R-l, -2, -3, and -4 are explained on the following pages. Difficulty D-l Legal questions are characterized by: facts that are well-established; clearly applicable legal precedents; and matters not of substantial importance to the organization. (Usually relatively limited sums of money, e.g., a few thousand dollars, are involved.)  facts can be firmly established and there are precedent cases directly applicable to the situation; searching case reports, legal documents, periodicals, textbooks, and other legal references, and preparing draft opinions on employee compensation or benefit questions where there is a substantial amount of clearly applicable statutory, regulatory, and case material; and  Examples ofD-l work are: a.  legal investigation, negotiation, and research preparatory to defending the organization in potential or actual lawsuits involving alleged negligence where the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  drawing up contracts and other legal documents in connection with real property  131  franchise cases involving a geographic area including parts or all of several States;  transactions requiring the development of detailed information but not involving serious questions regarding titles to property or other major factual or legal issues. c.  D-2 Legal work is regularly difficult by reason of one or more of the following: the absence of clear and directly applicable legal precedents; the different possible interpretations that can be placed on the facts, the laws, or the precedents involved; the substantial importance of the legal matters to the organization (e.g., sums as large as $100,000 are generally directly or indirectly involved); or the matter is being strongly pressed or contested in formal proceedings or in negotiations by the individuals, corporations, or government agencies involved.  preparing and presenting a case before an appellate court where the case is highly important to the future operation of the organization and is vigorously contested by very distinguished (e.g., having a broad regional or national reputation) legal talent;  d.  serving as the principal counsel to the officers and staff of an insurance company on the legal problems in the sale, underwriting, and administration of group contracts involving nationwide or multi-state coverages and laws; and  e.  performing the principal legal work in nonroutine, major revision of a company s charter or in effectuating new major financing steps.  Examples ofD-2 work are: advising on the legal implications of advertising representations when the facts supporting the representations and the applicable precedent cases are subject to different interpretations;  Responsibility  b.  reviewing and advising on the implications of new or revised laws affecting the organization;  c.  presenting the organization's defense in court in a negligence lawsuit which is strongly pressed by counsel for an organized group; and  d.  providing legal counsel on tax questions complicated by the absence of precedent decisions that are directly applicable to the organization’s situation.  Responsibility for final action is usually limited to matters covered by legal precedents and in which little deviation from standard practice is involved. Any decisions or actions having a significant bearing on the organization's business are reviewed. Is given guidance in the initial states of assignment, e.g., in planning and organizing level research and studies. Assignments are then carried out with moderate independence, although guidance is generally available and is sought from time to time on problem points.  a.  R-l  R-2 D-3 Legal work is typically complex and difficult because of one or more of the following: the questions are unique and require a high order of original and creative legal endeavor for their solution; the questions require extensive research and analysis and the obtaining and evaluation of expert testimony regarding controversial issues in a scientific, financial, corporate organization, engineering, or other highly technical area; the legal matter is of critical importance to the organization and is being vigorously pressed or contested (e.g., sums such as $1 million or more are generally directly or indirectly involved.)  Usually works independently in investigating the facts, searching legal precedents, defining the legal and factual issues, drafting the necessary legal documents, and developing conclusions and recommendations. Decisions having an important bearing on the organization's business are reviewed. Receives information from supervisor regarding unusual circumstances or important policy considerations pertaining to a legal problem. If trials are involved, may receive guidance from a supervisor regarding presentation, line of approach, possible line of opposition to be encountered, etc. In the case of nonroutine written presentations, the final product is reviewed carefully, but primarily for overall soundness of legal reasoning and consistency with organization policy. Some, but not all, attorneys make assignments to one or more lower level  Examples ofD-3 work are:  attorneys, aides, or clerks.  a.  R-3  b.  advising on the legal aspects and implications of Federal antitrust laws to projected greatly expanded marketing operations involving joint ventures with several other organizations; planning legal strategy and representing a utility company in rate or government   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Carries out assignments independently and makes final legal determination in matters of substantial importance to the organization. Such determinations are subject to review only for consistency with organization policy, possible precedent effect, and overall  132  Engineer I  effectiveness. To carry out assignments, deals regularly with officers of the organization and top level management officials and confers or negotiates regularly with senior attorneys and officials in other organizations on various aspects of assigned work. Receives little or no preliminary instruction on legal problems and a minimum of technical legal supervision. May assign and review work of a few attorneys, but this is not a primary responsibility.  General characteristics. At this beginning professional level, performs assignments designed to develop professional work knowledge and abilities. May also receive formal classroom or seminar-type training. (Terminal positions are excluded.) Direction received. Works under close supervision. Receives specific and detailed instructions as to required tasks and results expected. Work is checked during progress and is reviewed for accuracy upon completion.  R-4 Carries out assignments which entail independently planning investigations and negotiations on legal problems of the highest importance to the organization and developing completed brief, opinions, contracts, or other legal products. To carry out assignments, represents the organization at conferences, hearings, or trials, and personally confers and negotiates with top attorneys and top-ranking officials in other organizations. On various aspects of assigned work, may give advice directly and personally to organization officials and top level managers, or (in extremely large and complex organizations) may work through a higher level attorney in advising officials. Generally receives no preliminary instructions on legal problems. On matters requiring the concentrated efforts of several attorneys or other specialists, is responsible for directing, coordinating, and reviewing the work of the attorneys involved. OR As a primary responsibility, directs the work of a staff of attorneys, one, but usually more, of who regularly perform either D-3 or R-3 legal work. With respect to the work directed, gives advice directly to organization officials and top managers, or (in extremely large and complex organizations) may give such advice through counsel. Receives guidance as to organization policy but not technical supervision or assistance except when requesting advice from or briefing by a higher level attorney on the overall approach to the most difficult, novel, or important legal questions.  ENGINEER (162-3: Engineer) Performs professional work in research, development, design, testing, analysis, production, construction, maintenance, operation, planning, survey, estimating, application, or standardization of engineering facilities, systems, structures, processes, equipment, devices, or materials, requiring knowledge of the science and art by which materials, natural resources, and power are made useful. Work typically requires a B.S. degree in engineering or, in rare instances, equivalent education and experience combined. (Excluded are: safety engineers, industrial engineers, quality control engineers, sales engineers, and engineers whose primary responsibility is to be in charge of nonprofessional maintenance work.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Typical duties and responsibilities. Performs a variety of routine tasks that are planned to provide experience and familiarization with the engineering staff, methods, practices, and programs of the employer. Responsibility for the direction of others. Usually none.  Engineer II General characteristics. Performs routine engineering work requiring application of standard techniques, procedures, and criteria in carrying out a sequence of related engineering tasks. Limited exercise of judgment is required on details of work and in making preliminary selections and adaptations of engineering alternatives. Requires work experience acquired in an entry level position, or appropriate graduate level study. For training and developmental purposes, assignments may include some work that is typical of a higher level. Direction received. Supervisor screens assignments for unusual or difficult problems and selects techniques and procedures to be applied on non-routine work. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments. Typical duties and responsibilities. Using prescribed methods, performs specific and limited portions of a broader assignment of an experienced engineer. Applies standard practices and techniques in specific situations, adjusts and correlates data, recognizes discrepancies in results, and follows operations through a series of related detailed steps or processes. Responsibility for the direction of others. May be assisted by a few aids or technicians.  Engineer III General characteristics. Independently evaluates, selects, and applies standard engineering techniques, procedures, and criteria, using judgment in making minor  133  adaptations and modifications. Assignments have clear and specified objectives and require the investigation of a limited number of variables. Performance at this level requires developmental experience in a professional position, or equivalent graduate level education.  Engineer V General characteristics. Applies intensive and diversified knowledge of engineering principles and practices in broad areas of assignments and related fields. Makes decisions independently on engineering problems and methods and represents the organization in conferences to resolve important questions and to plan and coordinate work. Requires the use of advanced techniques and the modification and extension of theories, precepts, and practices of the field and related sciences and disciplines. The knowledge and expertise required for this level of work usually result from progressive experience, including work comparable to engineer IV.  Direction received. Receives instructions on specific assignment objectives, complex features, and possible solutions. Assistance is furnished on unusual problems and work is reviewed for application of sound professional judgment. Typical duties and responsibilities. Performs work which involves conventional types of plans, investigations, surveys, structures, or equipment with relatively few complex features for which there are precedents. Assignments usually include one or more of the following: equipment design and development, test of materials, preparation of specifications, process study, research investigations, report preparation, and other activities of limited scope requiring knowledge of principles and techniques commonly employed in the specific narrow area of assignments.  Direction received. Supervision and guidance relate largely to overall objectives, critical issues, new concepts, and policy matters. Consults with supervisor concerning unusual problems and developments.  Responsibility for the direction of others. May supervise or coordinate the work of drafters, technicians, and others who assist in specific assignments.  1.  In a supervisory capacity, plans, develops, coordinates, and directs a large and important engineering project or a number of small projects with many complex features. A substantial portion of the work supervised is comparable to that described for engineer IV.  2.  As individual researcher or worker, carries out complex or novel assignments requiring the development of new or improved techniques and procedures. Work is expected to result in the development of new or refined equipment, materials, processes, products, and/or scientific methods.  3.  As staff specialist, develops and evaluates plans and criteria for a variety of projects and activities to be carried out by others. Assesses the feasibility and soundness of proposed engineering evaluation tests, products, or equipment when necessary data are insufficient or confirmation by testing is advisable. Usually performs as a staff advisor and consultant in a technical specialty, a type of facility or equipment, or a program function.  Typical duties and responsibilities include one or more of the following:  Engineer IV General characteristics. As a fully competent engineer in all conventional aspects of the subject matter or the functional area of the assignments, plans and conducts work requiring judgment in the independent evaluation, selection, and substantial adaptation and modification of standard techniques, procedures, and criteria. Devises new approaches to problems encountered. Requires sufficient professional experience to assure competence as a fully trained worker; or, for positions primarily of a research nature, completion of all requirements for a doctoral degree may be substituted for experience. Direction received. Independently performs most assignments with instructions as to the general results expected. Receives technical guidance on unusual or complex problems and supervisory approval on proposed plans for projects. Typical duties and responsibilities. Plans, schedules, conducts, or coordinates detailed phases of the engineering work in a part of a major project or in a total project of moderate scope. Performs work which involves conventional engineering practice but may include a variety of complex features such as conflicting design requirements, unsuitability of standard materials, and difficult coordination requirements. Work requires a broad knowledge of precedents in the specialty area and a good knowledge of principles and practices of related specialties. Responsibility for the direction of others. May supervise a few engineers or technicians on assigned work.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Responsibility for the direction of others. Supervises, coordinates, and reviews the work of a small staff of engineers and technicians; estimates personnel needs and schedules and assigns work to meet completion date. Or, as individual researcher or staff specialist, may be assisted on projects by other engineers or technicians.  Engineer VI General characteristics. Has full technical responsibility for interpreting, organizing, executing, and coordinating assignments. Plans and develops engineering projects concerned with unique or controversial problems which have an important effect on  134  authoritative and have an important impact on extensive engineering activities. Initiates and maintains extensive contacts with key engineers and officials of other organizations, requiring skill in persuasion and negotiation of critical issues. At this level, individuals will have demonstrated creativity, foresight, and mature engineering judgment in anticipating and solving unprecedented engineering problems, determining program objectives and requirements, organizing programs and projects, and developing standards and guides for diverse engineering activities.  major programs. This involves exploration of subject area, definition of scope and selection of problems for investigation, and development of novel concepts and approaches. Maintains liaison with individuals and units within or outside the organization with responsibility for acting independently on technical matters pertaining to the field. Work at this level usually requires extensive progressive experience including work comparable to engineer V. Direction received. Supervision received is essentially administrative, with assignments given in terms of broad general objectives and limits.  Direction received. Receives general administrative direction.  Typical duties and responsibilities include one or more of the following:  Typical duties and responsibilities include one or both of the following:  1.  In a supervisory capacity, a) plans, develops, coordinates, and directs a number of large and important projects or a project of major scope and importance, or b) is responsible for the entire engineering program of a company or government agency when the program is of limited complexity and scope. Extent of responsibilities generally requires a few (3 to 5) subordinate supervisors or team leaders with at least one in a position comparable to level V.  1.  2.  As individual researcher or worker, conceives, plans, and conducts research in problem areas of considerable scope and complexity. The problems must be approached through a series of complete and conceptually related studies, are difficult to define, require unconventional or novel approaches, and require sophisticated research techniques. Available guides and precedents contain critical gaps, are only partially related to the problem, or may be largely lacking due to the novel character of the project. At this level, the individual researcher generally will have contributed inventions, new designs, or techniques which are of material significance in the solution of important problems.  In a supervisory capacity, is responsible for a) an important segment of the engineering program of a company or government agency with extensive and diversified engineering requirements, or b) the entire engineering program of a company or agency when it is more limited in scope. The overall engineering program contains critical problems the solution of which requires major technological advances and opens the way for extensive related development. Extent of responsibilities generally requires several subordinate organizational segments or teams. Recommends facilities, personnel, and funds required to carry out programs which are directly related to and directed toward fulfillment of overall objectives.  2.  As individual researcher and consultant, is a recognized leader and authority in the company or government agency in a broad area of specialization or in a narrow but intensely specialized field. Selects research problems to further program objectives. Conceives and plans investigations of broad areas of considerable novelty and importance, for which engineering precedents are lacking in areas critical to the overall engineering program. Is consulted extensively by associates and others, with a high degree of reliance placed on incumbent's scientific interpretations and advice. Typically, will have contributed inventions, new designs, or techniques which are regarded as major advances in the field.  3.  As a staff specialist, serves as the technical specialist for the organization in the application of advanced theories, concepts, principles, and processes for an assigned area of responsibility (i.e., subject matter, function, type of facility or equipment, or product). Keeps abreast of new scientific methods and developments affecting the organization for the purpose of recommending changes in emphasis of programs or new programs warranted by such developments.  Responsibility for the direction of others. Plans, organizes, and supervises the work of a staff of engineers and technicians. Evaluates progress of the staff and results obtained, and recommends major changes to achieve overall objectives. Or, as individual researcher or staff specialist, may be assisted on individual projects by other engineers or technicians.  Engineer VII General characteristics. Makes decisions and recommendations that are recognized as   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Responsibility for the direction of others. Directs several subordinate supervisors or team leaders, some of who are in positions comparable to engineer VI; or as individual researcher and consultant, may be assisted on individual projects by other engineers and technicians.  Engineer VIII General characteristics. Makes decisions and recommendations that are recognized as authoritative and have a far-reaching impact on extensive engineering and related activities of the company or government agency. Negotiates critical and controversial issues with top level engineers and officers of other organizations. Individuals at this level demonstrate a high degree of creativity, foresight, and mature judgment in  135  planning, organizing, and guiding extensive engineering programs and activities of outstanding novelty and importance.  researchers and consultants who are recognized as national and/or international authorities and scientific leaders in very broad areas of scientific interest and investigation.  Direction received. Receives general administrative direction.  Administrative  Typical duties and responsibilities include one or both of the following: 1.  2.  In supervisory capacity, is responsible for a) an important segment of a very extensive and highly diversified engineering program of a company or government agency, or b) the entire engineering program of a company or agency when the program is of moderate scope. The programs are of such complexity and scope that they are of critical importance to overall objectives, include problems of extraordinary difficulty that often have resisted solution, and consist of several segments requiring subordinate supervisors. Decides the kind and extent of engineering and related programs needed to accomplish the objectives of the company or agency, chooses scientific approaches, plans and organizes facilities and programs, and interprets results. As individual researcher and consultant, formulates and guides the attack on problems of exceptional difficulty and marked importance to the company, industry, or government. Problems are characterized by their lack of scientific precedents and source material, or lack of success of prior research and analysis so that their solution would represent an advance of great significance and importance. Performs advisory and consulting work as a recognized authority for broad program areas or in an intensely specialized area of considerable novelty and importance.  BUDGET ANALYST (141: Accountant, auditor, and other financial specialist) Formulates and analyzes and/or administers and monitors an organization's budget. Typical duties include: Preparing budget estimates to support programs; presenting and justifying budget estimates; administering approved budgets and determining funding requirements within authorized limits; evaluating and administering requests for funds and monitoring and controlling obligations and expenditures; and developing and interpreting budget policies. In addition to the technical responsibilities described in levels I through IV, budget analysts may also supervise subordinate staff members. At levels I and II, the subordinate staff typically consists of clerical and paraprofessional employees; level HI may also coordinate the work of lower level analysts; and level IV may supervise one or two analysts. Positions responsible for supervising three or more budget analysts and support staff should typically be matched to the budget analyst supervisor definition. Excluded are: a.  Responsibility for the direction of others. Supervises several subordinate supervisors or team leaders, some of whose positions are comparable to engineer VII, or individual researchers some of whose positions are comparable to engineer VII and sometimes engineer VUI. As an individual researcher and consultant may be assisted on individual projects by other engineers or technicians. Note:  Individuals in charge of an engineering program may match any of several of the survey job levels, depending on the program's size and complexity. Excluded from the definition are: 1) engineers in charge of programs so extensive and complex (e.g., consisting of research and development on a variety of complex products or systems with numerous novel components) that one or more subordinate supervisory engineers are performing at level VIH; 2) individuals whose decisions have direct and substantial effect on setting policy for the organization (included, however, are supervisors deciding the "kind and extent of engineering and related programs" within broad guidelines set at higher levels); and 3) individual   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  b.  Budget clerks and assistants performing clerical work in support of budget analysts; Program analysts evaluating the success of an organization's operating programs;  c.  Financial analysts evaluating the financial operations, transactions, practices and structure of an organization; and  d.  Budget analysts (above level IV) responsible for analyzing and administering highly complex budgets requiring frequent reprogramming and evaluating the impact of complicated legislation or policy decisions on the organization's budget.  Budget Analyst I As a trainee, performs a variety of clearly-defined tasks assigned to increase the employee's knowledge and understanding of budget concepts, principles, practices, and procedures. Assists in the development of budgets by comparing projected costs to schedules; or assists in budget administration by examining and highlighting obvious  136  in reports listing the status of financial obligations and expenditures, (terminal positions are excluded.) 1  Budget administration: Certifies obligations and expenditures, monitors trends m ^Pending, and anticipates funding and reprogramming needs; within established limits, recommends transfer of funds within accounts to cover increased expenditures; assembles data for use in preparing budget and 2“atl°nS; and reC°mmends the aPProval of or revises requests for  V"*™* under close supervision. Assignments are clearly defined, methods are specified, and items to be noted and referred to supervisor are identified.  Budget Analyst II Carries out assignments independently in accordance with standard procedures and practices. Supervisor provides assistance on unfamiliar or unusual problems May pertorm more complex assignments to assist supervisor or higher level analyst.  Performs routine and recuning budget analysis duties which typically facilitate more complex review and analysis performed by supervisors or higher-level budget analysts, mtial assignments are designed to expand practical experience and to develop judgment m applying basic budget analysis techniques. Follows specific guidelines and previous udget reports in analyzmg budgets for operating programs which are uniform and repetitive. Typical duties include: anQ  Budget Analyst IV Provules analytical support for budgets which require annual modifications due to ch^gmg work processes, resource needs, funding requirements, or fluctuating revenue Interprets guidelines and precedents and advises operating managers concerning udgeting policies. May recommend new budgeting techniques. Typical duties includef  Budget development: Assisting operating officials in preparing budget requests and justifications by gathering, extracting, reviewing, verifying, and consolidating a variety of narrative and statistical data; examining budget requests for accuracy and conformance with procedures and regulations; and comparing budget requests with prior year estimates and cuirent operating reports; and/or 6  Budget development. Performs in-depth analysis of budget requests using echmques such as cost-benefit analysis and program trade-offs, and by exploring alternative methods of funding; writes and edits justifications for higher level approval; coordinates the compilation and evaluation of information required for executive level budget meetings; confers on modifications to budget requests; and inteiprets, revises, and develops procedures and instructions for preparing and presenting budget requests;  Budget administration: Screening requests for allocations of approved budgets and, ue?0,nT"dmg aPProva1’ disapproval, or modification based on availability of funds and conformance with regulations; analyzing operating reports to monitor program expenditures and obligations; and summarizing narrative and statistical data in budget forms and reports.  Budget administration: Prepares a variety of reports detailing the status of funds, expenses, and obligations; identifies trends and recommends adjustments in program spending; advises management on budgeting deadlines and alternative means of accomplishing budgetary objectives; and serves as budgeting liaison between managers and staff of various organizational programs.  Applies previously learned skills to perform routine work independently. Supervisor funSon8 7atl°n T°8*rdmg budgetary actions to be performed, organizational problems. ’ for unfamiliar "ark or complex  Budget Analyst III  r; in determi™g deadlines for assigned projects, which are hnked to the budget cycle and typically require more than a year for completion. Works independently for several months at a time, with little review, while work progresses. ’ *  Uses a knowledge of commonly used budgetary procedures and practices, regulations and organizational policies to analyze budgets for relatively stable operations (e g minor budget reprogramming is required two or three times a year). Forecasts funding needs for operating programs with varying annual requirements for goods services equipment, and personnel. Typical duties include: s, services,  BUDGET ANALYST SUPERVISOR Budget development: Reviews and verifies budget data for consistency with financial and program objectives; formulates and revises budget estimatesvalidates justifications through comparisons with operating repo^td explores fundmg alternatives based on precedents and guidelines; and/or   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (141: Accountant, auditor, and other financial specialist) As »first-line supervisor, supervises 3-14 budget analysts and support staff Work 3,7 substantial knowledge of budget formulation, analysis, and execution. Duties include planning and delegating work; monitoring performance; providing technical  7  counsel; and evaluating work products. Recommends hirings and promotions, resolves complaints, effects minor disciplinary action, and arranges training. May direct stall through subordinate team leaders. Excluded are second-line budget analyst supervisory positions.  Budget Analyst Supervisor I Budget analyst HI represents the full performance level of subordinate staff supervised. In addition, at least two staff members, as well as 25% of the total subordinate staff performs at the Budget Analyst ffl (or equivalent) level.  reviewed by higher authority prior to final action. Contract administration includes determining allowable costs, monitoring contractor compliance with contract terms, resolving problems concerning obligations of the parties, explaining and renegotiating contract terms, and ensuring satisfactory contract completion. In addition to work described above, some (but not all) buyers or contracting specialists direct the work of one or a few clerks who perform routine aspects of the work. As a secondary and subsidiary duty, some buyers may also sell or dispose of surplus, mntarioic wiinnmp.nt. or  Some buyers or contracting specialists are responsible for the purchasing or contract administration of a variety of items and materials When the variety includes items and work described at more than one of the following levels, the position should be considered to equal the highest level that characterizes at least a substantial portion of the buyer's time.  Budget Analyst Supervisor II Budget analyst IV represents the full performance level of subordinate staff supervised. In addition, at least two staff members, as well as 25% of the total subordinate staff performs at the Budget Analyst IV (or equivalent) level.  BUYER/CONTRACTING SPECIALIST (1449: Purchasing agent and buyer, not elsewhere classified) Purchases materials, supplies, equipment, and services (e.g., utilities maintenance, and repair) and/or administers purchase contracts (assuring compliance after contract is awarded). In some instances items purchased are of types that must be specially designed, produced, or modified by the vendor in accordance with drawings or  Excluded are: a.  Buyers of items for direct sale, either wholesale or retail;  b.  Brokers and dealers buying for clients or for investment purposes;  c.  Positions that specifically require professional education and qualifications in a physical science or in engineering (e.g., chemist, mechanical engmeer),  d  Buyers who specialize in purchasing a single or a few related items of highly variable quality such as raw cotton or wool, tobacco, cattle, or leather for shoe uppers, etc. Expert personal knowledge of the item is required to judge the relative value of the goods offered, and to decide the quantity, quality, and price of each purchase in terms of its probable effect on the organization’s profit and  engineering specifications. Solicits bids, analyzes quotations received, and selects or recommends suppliers. At levels m and higher, formal contract negotiation methods are typically used where knowledge of market trends and conditions is required. May interview prospective vendors.  sunnlies.  competitive status; Buyers or contracting specialists whose principal responsibility is the supervision e.  Purchases items and services or negotiates contracts at the most favorable pnce consistent with quality, quantity, specification requirements, and other factors Prepares or supervises preparation of purchase orders from requisitions. May expedite delivery  of a purchasing or contracting program; Persons whose major duties consist of ordering, reordering, or requisitioning  and visit vendors' offices and plants. Normally, purchases are unreviewed when they are consistent with past experience and are in conformance with established rules and policies. Proposed purchase transactions that deviate from the usual or from past experience in terms of prices, quality of items, quantities, etc., or that may set precedents for future purchases, are   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  g.  Positions restricted to clerical functions or to purchase expediting work,  h.  Positions not requiring: 1) three years of administrative, technical, or substantive  138  and communication; and  1  the^^Tf and matCrialS PUrChaSed may bC the case of contracts for continuing supply over a period of time.  analysis  be resp0nsjble for locat*n8 or promoting possible new sources of supply the a ^ 18 fPeCced t0 kCeP abreaSt °f market trends> Ganges in business practice in the assigned markets, new or altered types of materials entering the market, etc  Contracting specialists above level V having broad responsibilities for resolving critical problems on major long-term purchases, developing new approaches or innovative acquisition plans, and/or developing procurement policies and procedures. These specialists use extensive judgment and originality to plan procurement strategies for large scale acquisition programs or systems  bZ7Ptle\ °f ,itgmS pu"chased or under contract include: standard industrial types of hand tools, gloves, and safety equipment; standard electronic parts, componenTand inponent test instillments; electric motors; gasoline service station equipment- PBX or other specialized-telephone services; special purpose printing serLscustodS ervnces for a large building; and routine purchases of common raw mateSls such i standard grades and sizes of steel bars, rods, and angles.  Buyer/Contracting Specialist I  taVOlV' P"reh,s'd ™  r'“ile”'  ^ particularly i y  ‘hiS Ie:d T bUyCrS °f materials of the described for Buyer I when the quantities purchased are large, so that local sources of supply are generally inadequate and the buyer must deal directly with manufacturers on a broader than local  >'*'*”■  —n ™B. = 8, tta* ,v.il,ble ft„m !«„ OR In a developmental position, assists higher level buyers or contracting specialists in purchasing and/or negotiating contracts for items, materials, or services of a technical d specialized nature. Assigned work is designed to provide diversified experience as a background for future higher level work. Examples of duties include renewing Sr ^ f8 Solicitations: evaluating bids and the dependability of conti t merg WUh COmmercial representatives; and monitoring tte progress of contractors. Supervisor provides general instructions, monitors work, and revTews  P“.“h“d“J“d': “lmmon sBtioneiy and office s„pp|ICSi SIan(tal types of office furniture and fixtures; standard nuts, bolts, screws- janitorial and repair services.1118 mamtCnanCe SUpplies; or cot~ utility services or office machine  OR As a trainee, performs various clearly defined procurement tasks designed to increase the employees knowledge and understanding of procurement and contracting concepts principles, practices, and procedures. Examples of duties includepreparation of solicitation documents; analyzing prices, discounts, and deliver datesmakmg procurement recommendations; and drafting simple contract provisions and upportmg documentation. Work is performed under close supervision. ?  indepfflndence!°nS  with greater  Purchases items, materials, or services of a technical and specialized nature usually by negotiating a standard contract based on reimbursement of costs and expenses or I ixed price ceihng. May be responsible for overseeing the postaward (contract administration) functions (e.g., monitoring contract compliance, recommending action on problem situations, and negotiating extensions of deliveiy schedules) of sS contracts. The items, while of a common general type, are usually made altered or  Purchases off-the-shelf types of standard, generally available technical items materials, and services. Transactions may involve occasional modification of standard and common usage items, materials, and services, and include a few stipulations" unusual packing, marking, shipping, etc. stipulations about   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  °f WOrk 316  Buyer/Contracting Specialist III  Buyer/Contracting Specialist II  J~* L-S deaUng- ^ ^ ma-facturers, distributors, -L° , 1 ; , Llmited contract negotiation techniques may be used, primarily for developmental purposes to increase employee's skill and knowledge. Y  * ” r°Utme  customized to meet the user's specific needs and specifications.  ’  ’  The number of potential vendors is likely to be small and price differentials often evaluate"1110  ”  dates and places’ etc-> tha‘  The quantities purchased of any item or service may be large.  139  difficult to  Many of the purchases involve one or more such complications as: specifications that detail in technical terms, the required physical, chemical, ^ectricah or other comDarable properties; special testing prior to acceptance; groupmg of items for lo bidding and Lids; specialized processing, packing, or packagmg requirements; export packs; overseas port differentials; etc. Is expected to keep abreast of market and product developments. May be required to  Examples of items purchased include: special purpose high-cost machme tools and production facilities^ specialized condensers, boilers, and turbines; raw materials of critically important characteristics or quality; and parts, subassembhes conTfKments, etc specially designed and made to order (e.g., communications equipment for installation in aircraft being manufactured; component assemblies for missiles and rockets; and motor vehicle frames).  Buyer/Contracting Specialist V  locate new sources of supply. Performs one of the following:  Some positions may involve assisting in the training or supervision of lower level buyers or clerks.  1  Serves as lead negotiator or contract administrator for: new or unique equipment; extensive technical or professional services; or complex cor"“" projects where there is a lack of previous experience or competition, extensive subcontracting, or similar complications. Examples of contracts include prototype development of sophisticated research and testing equipment, software systems development, scientific studies involving waste and transportation systems, Sti^for production of weapons systems, and research laboratories requiring  '  Examples of items purchased include: castings; special extruded shapes‘ and material; special formula paints; electric motors of special shape or^speeds production equipment; special packaging of items; raw materials in substantial quantities or with special characteristics; and protective services where security presents an especially significant problem.  Buyer/Contracting Specialist IV Negotiates and/or administers purchase contracts for complex and highly technical or services, toquerrtly specif, mamtod exclusively for the purchaser. Transactions require dealing with manufacturers and often involve persuading potential vendors to undertake the manufacture of custom designed items according to complex and rigid specifications. Negotiation techniques are also frequently involved with convincing the vendor to reduce costs. Quantities of items and materials purchased are often large in order to satisfy the requirements for an entire large organization for an extended period of time ^Complex schedules of delivery are often involved. Contracting specialists determine appropriate to be contacted to, a, any given period of tine and negoda.e w.th vendors to establish or adjust delivery schedules.  special equipment. 2.  Performs large-scale centralized purchasing or contract administrator for^ multi-unit organization or large establishment that requires either items wdh unique requhements as to construction, testing, durability, or quality characteristics, or organization-wide services. Examples of contract; incMe organization-wide software or communication systems, and industry-specific testing equipment with unique specifications. May persuade suppliers to expand their plants or convert facilities to the production of  new items or services. Transactions are often complicated by technological change^ ur8e^ne«ls to ovemde normal production, great volume of production, commodity shortages, and lack of competition among vendors. Frequent technological changes requue delays o modifications to contract proposals or to existing contracts. In-depth COj* 1 required, often with little pricing precedent due to the unique aspects of the products.  Negotiations and contract administration are often complicated by the following: requirements for spare parts, preproduction samples and testing, or techm“nitera, patent and royalty provisions; or renegotiation of contract terms. In revie g proposals extensive cost analysis is required to evaluate the cost of such factors as 1)  Contracts are usually long-term (exceeding 2 years) and involve numerous subcontracts and special provisions that must be changed and renegotiated throughou  numerous technical specifications, and 2) potential changes in manufacturing processes that might affect projected cost figures. These complications result in the incorporation of numerous special provisions and incentives m renegotiated contracts.  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER  In addition to the work described above, a few positions may also require supervision of a few lower level buyers, contracting specialists or clerks. (No position is included in this level solely because supervisory duties are performed.)  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  the duration of the contract.  (397: Programmer) Performs programming services for establishments or for outside organizations who may contractor services. Converts specifications (precise descriptions) about’ orlcientific problems into a sequence of detailed instructions to solve problems by  electronic data processing (EDP) equipment, i.e., digital computers. Draws program flow charts to describe the processing of data and develops the precise steps and processing logic which, when entered into the computer in coded language (COBOL, FORTRAN, or other programming language), cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Tests and corrects programs and prepares instructions for operators who control the computer during runs. Modifies programs to increase operating efficiency or to respond to changes in work processes; maintains records to document program development and revisions. At levels I, U, and HI, computer programmers may also perform programming analysis such as: gathering facts from users to define their business or scientific problems and to investigate the feasibility of solving problems through new or modified computer programs; developing specifications for data inputs, flow, actions, decisions, and outputs; and participating on a continuing basis in the overall program planning along with other EDP personnel and users. In contrast, at levels IV and V, some programming analysis must be performed as part of the programming assignment. The analysis duties are identified in a separate paragraph at levels I, II, HI, and IV, and are part of each alternative described at level . However, the systems requirements are defined by systems analysts or scientists. Excluded are: a.  Positions which require a bachelor's degree in a specific scientific field (other than computer science), such as an engineering, mathematics, physics, or chemistry degree; however, positions are potential matches where the required degree mav be from any of several possible scientific fields; y  b.  Positions responsible for developing and modifying computer systems;  c.  Computer programmers who perform level IV or V duties but who perform no programming analysis;  d.  Workers who primarily analyze and evaluate problems concerning computer equipment or its selection or utilization;  e.  Computer systems programmers or analysts who primarily write programs or analyze problems concerning the system software, e.g., operating systems, compilers, assemblers, system utility routines, etc., which provide basic services for the use of all programs and provide for the scheduling of the execution of programs; however, positions matching this definition may develop a "total package which includes not only writing programs to process data but also selecting the computer equipment and system software required;  f.  Employees who have significant responsibility for the management or supervision of workers (e.g., systems analysts) whose positions are not covered in this   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  definition; or employees with significant responsibility for other functions such as computer operations, data entry, system software, etc.; and g. Positions not requiring: 1) three years of administrative, technical, or substantive clerical experience; 2) a bachelor's degree in any field; or 3) any equivalent combination of experience and education yielding basic skills in problem analysis and communication. Positions are classified into levels based on the following definitions.  Computer Programmer I At this trainee level, assignments are usually planned to develop basic programming skills because incumbents are typically inexperienced in applying such skills on the job. Assists higher level staff by performing elementary programming tasks which concern limited and simple data items and steps which closely follow patterns of previous work done in the organization, e.g., drawing flow charts, writing operator instructions, or coding and testing routines to accumulate counts, tallies, or summaries. May perform routine programming assignments (as described in level H) under close supervision. In addition, as training and to assist higher level staff, may perform elementary fact finding concerning a specified work process, e.g., a file of clerical records which is treated as a unit (invoices, requisitions, or purchase orders, etc.); reports findings to higher level staff. Receives classroom and/or on-the-job training in computer programming concepts, methods, and techniques and in the basic requirements of the subject matter area. May receive training in elementary fact-finding. Detailed, step-by-step instructions are given for each task and any deviation must be authorized by a supervisor. Work is closely monitored in progress and reviewed in detail upon completion.  Computer Programmer II At this level, initial assignments are designed to develop competence in applying established programming procedures to routine problems. Performs routine programming assignments that do not require skilled background experience but do require knowledge of established programming procedures and data processing requirements. Works according to clear-cut and complete specifications. The data are refined and the format of the final product is very similar to that of the input or is well defined when significantly different, i.e., there are few, if any, problems with interrelating varied records and outputs. Maintains and modifies routine programs. Makes approved changes by amending program flow charts, developing detailed processing logic, and coding changes. Tests and documents modifications and writes operator instructions. May write routine new  programs using prescribed specifications; may confer with EDP personnel to clarify procedures, processing logic, etc. In addition, and as continued training, may evaluate simple interrelationships in the immediate programming area, e.g., whether a contemplated change in one part of a simple program would cause unwanted results in a related part; confers with user representatives to gain an understanding of the situation sufficient to formulate the needed change; and implements the change upon approval of the supervisor or higher level staff. The incumbent is provided with charts, narrative descriptions of the functions performed, an approved statement of the product desired (e.g., a change in a local establishment report), and the inputs, outputs, and record formats. Reviews objectives and assignment details with higher level staff to insure thorough understanding; uses judgment in selecting among authorized procedures and seeks assistance when guidelines are inadequate, significant deviations are proposed, or when unanticipated problems arise. Work is usually monitored in progress; all work is reviewed upon completion for accuracy and compliance with standards.  Computer Programmer III As a fully qualified computer programmer, applies standard programming procedures and detailed knowledge of pertinent subject matter (e.g., work processes, governing rules, clerical procedures, etc.) in a programming area such as: a recordkeeping operation (supply, personnel and payroll, inventory, purchasing, insurance payments, depositor accounts, etc.); a well-defined statistical or scientific problem; or other standardized operation or problem. Works according to approved statements of requirements and detailed specifications. While the data are clear cut, related, and equally available, there may be substantial interrelationships of a variety of records and several varied sequences of formats are usually produced. The programs developed or modified typically are linked to several other programs in that the output of one becomes the input for another. Recognizes probable interactions of other related programs with the assigned program(s) and is familiar with related system software and computer equipment. Solves conventional programming problems. (In small organizations, may maintain programs which concern or combine several operations, i.e., users, or develop programs where there is one primary user and the others give input.) Performs such duties as: develops, modifies, and maintains assigned programs; designs and implements modifications to the interrelation of files and records within programs in consultation with higher level staff; monitors the operation of assigned programs and responds to problems by diagnosing and correcting errors in logic and coding; and implements and/or maintains assigned portions of a scientific programming project, applying established scientific programming techniques to well-defined mathematical, statistical, engineering, or other scientific problems usually requiring the translation of mathematical notation into processing logic and code. (Scientific programming includes assignments such as: using predetermined physical laws   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  expressed in mathematical terms to relate one set of data to another; the routine storage and retrieval of field test data; and using procedures for real-time command and control, scientific data reduction, signal processing, or similar areas.) Tests and documents work and writes and maintains operator instructions for assigned programs. Confers with other EDP personnel to obtain or provide factual data. In addition, may carry out fact-finding and programming analysis of a single activity or routine problem, applying established procedures where the nature of the program, feasibility, computer equipment, and programming language have already been decided. May analyze present performance of the program and take action to correct deficiencies based on discussion with the user and consultation with and approval of the supervisor or higher level staff. May assist in the review and analysis of detailed program specifications and in program design to meet changes in work processes. Works independently under specified objectives; applies judgment in devising program logic and in selecting and adapting standard programming procedures; resolves problems and deviations according to established practices; and obtains advice where precedents are unclear or not available. Completed work is reviewed for conformance to standards, timeliness, and efficiency. May guide or instruct lower level programmers; may supervise technicians and others who assist in specific assignments. OR Works on complex programs (as described in level IV) under close direction of higher level staff or supervisor. May assist higher level staff by independently performing moderately complex tasks assigned, and performing complex tasks under close supervision.  Computer Programmer IV Applies expertise in programming procedures to complex programs; recommends the redesign of programs, investigates and analyzes feasibility and program requirements, and develops programming specifications. Assigned programs typically affect a broad multi-user computer system which meets the data processing needs of a broad area (e.g., manufacturing, logistics planning, finance management, human resources, or material management) or a computer system for a project in engineering, research, accounting, statistics, etc. Plans the full range of programming actions to produce several interrelated but different products from numerous and diverse data elements which are usually from different sources; solves difficult programming problems. Uses knowledge of pertinent system software, computer equipment, work processes, regulations, and management practices. Performs such duties as: develops, modifies, and maintains complex programs; designs and implements the interrelations of files and records within programs which will effectively fit into the overall design of the project; working with problems or concepts, develops programs for the solution to major scientific computational problems requiring the analysis and development of logical or mathematic descriptions  of functions to be programmed; and develops occasional special programs, e.g., a critical path analysis program to assist in managing a special project. Tests, documents, and writes operating instructions for all work. Confers with other EDP personnel to secure information, investigate and resolve problems, and coordinate work efforts.  development of computer programs for their solution; or designs improvements in complex programs where existing precedents provide little guidance, such as an interrelated group of mathematical/statistical programs which support health insurance, natural resources, marketing trends, or other research activities. In conjunction with users (scientists or specialists), defines major problems in the subject-matter area. Contacts co-workers and user personnel at various locations to plan and coordinate project and gather data; devises ways to obtain data not previously available; arbitrates differences between various program users when conflicting requirements arise. May perform simulation studies to determine effects of changes in computer equipment or system software or may assess the feasibility and soundness of proposed programming projects which are novel and complex. Typically develops programming techniques and procedures where few precedents exist. May be assisted on projects by other programmers or technicians.  In addition, performs such programming analysis as: investigating the feasibility of alternate program design approaches to determine the best balanced solution, e.g., one that will best satisfy immediate user needs, facilitate subsequent modification, and conserve resources; on typical maintenance projects and smaller scale, limited new projects, assisting user personnel in defining problems or needs and determining work organization, the necessary files and records, and their interrelation with the program; or on large or more complicated projects, participating as a team member along with other EDP personnel and users and having responsibility for a portion of the project. Works independently under overall objectives and direction, apprising the supervisor about progress and unusual complications. Modifies and adapts precedent solutions and proven approaches. Guidelines include constraints imposed by the related programs with which the incumbent’s programs must be meshed. Completed work is reviewed for timeliness, compatibility with other work, and effectiveness in meeting requirements. May function as team leader or supervise a few lower level programmers or technicians on assigned work.  COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST (1712: Computer systems analyst) Analyzes business or scientific problems for resolution through electronic data processing. Gathers information from users, defines work problems, and, if feasible, designs a system of computer programs and procedures to resolve the problems. Develops complete specifications to enable computer programmers to prepare required programs, analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used and outputs to be produced; prepares work diagrams and data flow charts; coordinates tests of the system and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends computer equipment changes to obtain more effective operations. May also write the computer programs.  Computer Programmer V At level V, workers are typically either supervisors, team leaders, staff specialists, or consultants. Some programming analysis is included as a part of the programming assignment. Supervision and review are similar to level IV. Typical duties and responsibilities include one or more of the following:  1-  2.  Excluded are:  In a supervisory capacity, plans, develops, coordinates, and directs a large and important programming project (finance, manufacturing, sales/marketing, human resources, or other broad area) or a number of small programming projects with complex features. A substantial portion of the work supervised (usually 2 to 3 workers) is comparable to that described for level IV. Supervises, coordinates, and reviews the work of a small staff, normally not more than 15 programmers and technicians; estimates personnel needs and schedules, assigns and reviews work to meet completion date. These day-to-day supervisors evaluate performance, resolve complaints, and make recommendations on hiring and firing. They do not make final decisions on curtailing projects, reorganizing, or reallocating resources. As team leader, staff specialist, or consultant, defines complex scientific problems (e.g., computational) or other highly complex programming problems (e.g., generating overall forecasts, projections, or other new data fields widely different from the source data or untried at the scale proposed) and directs the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  a.  Trainees who receive detailed directives and work plans, select authorized procedures for use in specific situations, and seek assistance for deviations and problems;  b.  Positions which require a bachelor's degree in a specific scientific field (other than computer science), such as an engineering, mathematics, physics, or chemistry degree; however, positions are potential matches where the required degree may be from any of several possible scientific fields;  c.  Computer programmers who write computer programs and solve user problems not requiring systems modification;  d.  Workers who primarily analyze and evaluate problems concerning computer equipment or its selection or utilization; and  e.  \3  Computer systems programmers or analysts who primarily write programs or  analyze problems concerning the system software, e.g., operating systems, compilers, assemblers, system utility routines, etc., which provide basic services for the use of all programs and provide for the scheduling or the execution of programs; however, positions matching this definition may develop a total package" which includes not only analyzing work problems to be processed but also selecting the computer equipment and system software required. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.  Computer Systems Analyst I At this level, initial assignments are designed to expand practical experience in applying systems analysis techniques and procedures. Provides several phases of the required systems analysis where the nature of the system is predetermined. Uses established fact finding approaches, knowledge of pertinent work processes and procedures, and familiarity with related computer programming practices, system software, and computer equipment. Carries out fact finding and analysis as assigned, usually of a single activity or a routine problem; applies established procedures where the nature of the system, feasibility, computer equipment, and programming language have already been decided; may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by computer programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst; may research routine user problems and solve them by modifying the existing system when the solutions follow clear precedents. When cost and deadline estimates are required, results receive close review. The supervisor defines objectives, priorities, and deadlines. Incumbents work independently; adapt guides to specific situations; resolve problems and deviations according to established practices; and obtain advice where precedents are unclear or not available. Completed work is reviewed for conformance to requirements, timeliness, and efficiency. May supervise technicians and others who assist in specific assignments.  Computer Systems Analyst II Applies systems analysis and design skills in an area such as a recordkeeping or scientific operation. A system of several varied sequences or formats is usually developed, e.g., systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment, or processing a limited problem in a scientific project. Requires competence in most phases of system analysis and knowledge of pertinent system software and computer equipment and of the work processes, applicable regulations, work load, and practices of the assigned subject matter area. Recognizes probable interactions of related computer systems and predicts impact of a change in assigned system.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Reviews proposals which consist of objectives, scope, and user expectations, gathers facts, analyzes data, and prepares a project synopsis which compares alternatives in terms of cost, time, availability of equipment and personnel, and recommends a course of action; and upon approval of synopsis, prepares specifications for development of computer programs. Determines and resolves data processing problems and coordinates the work with program, users, etc.; orients user personnel on new or changed procedures. May conduct special projects such as data element and code standardization throughout a broad system, working under specific objectives and bringing to the attention of the supervisor any unusual problems or controversies. Works independently under overall project objectives and requirements; apprises supervisor about progress and unusual complications. Guidelines usually include existing systems and the constraints imposed by related systems with which the incumbent's work must be meshed. Adapts design approaches successfully used in precedent systems. Completed work is reviewed for timeliness, compatibility with other work, and effectiveness in meeting requirements. May provide functional direction to lower level assistants on assigned work. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or broad system, as described for computer systems analyst level HI.' Works independently on routine assignments and receives instructions and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Computer Systems Analyst III Applies systems analysis and design techniques to complex computer systems in a broad area such as manufacturing; finance management; engineering, accounting, or  statistics; logistics planning; material management, etc. Usually, there are multiple users of the system; however, there may be complex one-user systems, e.g., for engineering or research projects. Requires competence in all phases of systems analysis techniques, concepts, and methods and knowledge of available system software, computer equipment, and the regulations, structure, techniques, and management practices of one or more subject-matter areas. Since input data usually come from diverse sources, is responsible for recognizing probable conflicts and integrating diverse data elements and sources. Produces innovative solutions for a variety of complex problems. Maintains and modifies complex systems or develops new subsystems such as an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, or sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records. Guides users in formulating requirements; advises on alternatives and on the implications of new or revised data processing systems; analyzes resulting user project proposals, identifies omissions and errors in requirements, and conducts  feasibility studies; recommends optimum approach and develops system design for approved projects. Interprets information and informally arbitrates between system users when conflicts exist. May serve as lead analyst in a design subgroup, directing and integrating the work of one or two lower level analysts, each responsible for several programs.  systems; conducts continuing review of computer technological developments applicable to system design and prepares long range forecasts; develops EDP standards where new and improved approaches are needed; or develops recommendations for a management information system where new concepts are required.  Supervision and nature of review are similar to level II; existing systems provide precedents for the operation of new subsystems.  Computer Systems Analyst V  Computer Systems Analyst IV  As a top technical expert, develops broad unprecedented computer systems and/or conducts critical studies central to the success of large organizations having extensive technical or highly diversified computer requirements. Considers such requirements as  applies expert systems analysis and design techniques to complex system development in a specialized design area and/or resolves unique or unyielding problems in existing complex systems by applying new technology. Work requires a broad  broad organization policy, and the diverse user needs of several organizational levels and locations. Works under general administrative direction.  knowledge of data sources and flow, interactions of existing complex systems in the organization, and the capabilities and limitations of the systems software and computer equipment. Objectives and overall requirements are defined in the organization's EDP policies and standards; the primary constraints typically are those imposed by the need for compatibility with existing systems or processes. Supervision and nature of review are similar to levels II and HI.  Typical duties and responsibilities include one or more of the following:  1.  Typical duties and responsibilities include one or more of the following:  1.  As team or project leader, provides systems design in a specialized and highly complex design area, e.g., interrelated business statistics and/or projections,  member performs work at level TV.  scientific systems, mathematical models, or similar unprecedented computer systems. Establishes the framework of new computer systems from feasibility studies to post-implementation evaluation. Devises new sources of data and develops new approaches and techniques for use by others. May serve as technical authority for a design area. At least one or two team members perform work at level III; one or two team members may also perform work as a level IV staff specialist or consultant as described below. 2.  As staff specialist or consultant, with expertise in a specialty area (e.g., data security, telecommunications, systems analysis techniques, EDP standards development, etc.), plans and conducts analyses of unique or unyielding problems in a broad system. Identifies problems and specific issues in assigned area and prepares overall project recommendations from an EDP standpoint including feasible advancements in EDP technology; upon acceptance, determines a design strategy that anticipates directions of change; designs and monitors necessary testing and implementation plans. Performs work such as: studies broad areas of projected work processes which cut across the organization's established EDP   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  As team or project leader, guides the development of broad unprecedented computer systems. The information requirements are complex and voluminous. Devises completely new ways to locate and develop data sources; establishes new factors and criteria for making subject-matter decisions. Coordinates fact finding, analysis, and design of the system and applies the most recent developments in data processing technology and computer equipment. Guidelines consist of stateof-the-art technology and general organizational policy. At least one team  2.  As staff specialist or consultant, is a recognized leader and authority in a large organization (as defined above). Performs at least two of the following: a) has overall responsibility for evaluating the significance of technological advancement and developing EDP standards where new and improved approaches are needed, e.g., programming techniques; b) conceives and plans exploratory investigations critical to the overall organization where useful precedents do not exist and new concepts are required, e.g., develops recommendations regarding a comprehensive management information system; or c) evaluates existing EDP organizational policy for effectiveness, devising and formulating changes in the organization's position on broad policy issues. May be assisted on individual projects by other analysts.  COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST SUPERVISOR/MANAGER (1712: Computer systems analyst) Supervises three or more employees, two of whom perform systems analysis. Work requires substantial and recurring use of systems analysis skills in directing staff. May  145  or reassignments; resolves complaints and refers group grievances and more serious unresolved complaints to higher level supervisors; may reprimand employees.  also supervise programmers and related clerical and technical support personnel. Excluded are:  a.  Positions also having significant responsibility for the management or supervision of functional areas (e.g., system software development, data entry, or computer operations) not related to the Computer Systems Analyst and Computer Programmer definitions;  b.  Supervisory positions having base levels below Computer Systems Analyst II or Computer Programmer IV; and  c.  Managers who supervise two or more subordinates performing at Computer Systems Analyst Supervisor/Manager level IV.  LS-2  Directs a sizable staff (normally 15-30 employees), typically divided into sub-units controlled by subordinate supervisors; advises higher level management on work problems of own unit and the impact on broader programs; collaborates with heads of other units to negotiate and/or coordinate work changes; makes decisions on work or training problems presented by subordinate supervisors; evaluates subordinate supervisors and reviews their evaluations of other employees; selects nonsupervisors (higher level approval is virtually assured) and recommends supervisory selections; hears group grievances and serious or unresolved complaints. May shift resources among projects and perform long range budget planning.  Classification by level In rare instances, supervisory positions responsible for directing a sizable staff (e.g., 20-30 employees) may not have subordinate supervisors, but have all other LS-2 responsibilities. Such positions should be matched to LS-2.  Note:  Supervisory jobs are matched at one of four levels according to two factors: a) base level of work supervised; and b) level of supervision. The table following the explanations of these factors indicates the level of the supervisor for each combination of factors.  LS-3  Base level of work The base level of work is the highest level of nonsupervisory work under the direct or indirect supervision of the supervisor/manager which (when added to the nonsupervisory levels above it) represents at least 25 percent of the total nonsupervisory, nonclerical staff and at least two of the full-time positions supervised.  Directs two subordinate supervisory levels and the work force managed typically includes substantially more than 30 employees. Makes major decisions and recommendations (listed below) which have a direct, important, and substantial effect on own organization and work. Performs at least three of the following: -  decides what programs and projects should be initiated, dropped, expanded, or curtailed;  -  determines long range plans in response to program changes, evaluates program goals, and redefines objectives;  -  determines changes to be made in organizational structure, delegation of authority, coordination of units, etc.;  Level of supervision  -  decides what compromises to make in operations in view of public relations implications and need for support from various groups;  Supervisors and managers should be matched at one of the three LS levels below which best describes their supervisory responsibility.  -  decides on the means to substantially reduce operating costs without impairing overall operations; justifies major equipment expenditures; and  -  resolves differences between key subordinate officials; decides, or significantly affects final decisions, on personnel actions for supervisors and other key officials.  To determine the base level of nonsupervisory, nonclerical work: 1) array the positions by level of difficulty; 2) determine the number of workers in each position; and 3) count down from the highest level (if necessary) until at least 25 percent of the total nonsupervisory, nonclerical staff are represented.  LS-1  Plans, coordinates, and evaluates the work of a small staff, normally not more than 15 programmers, systems analysts, and technicians; estimates personnel needs and schedules, assigns, and reviews work to meet completion date; interviews candidates for own unit and recommends hires, promotions,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  146  CRITERIA FOR MATCHING COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST SUPERVISORS/MANAGERS  employment opportunity; and employee conduct and discipline. Equal Employment Opportunity:  Base level of nonsupervisory job(s) Matched in the Computer Programmer Definition  IV V -  -  Matched in the Computer Systems Analyst Definition II  m  IV V  Level of supervisor  Planning, evaluating, and administering  equal opportunity provisions. Labor Relations: Advising and assisting management on a variety of labor  LS-1  I II  m  IV  LS-2  II  m  IV Exclude  LS-3  relations matters, and negotiating and administering labor agreements on behalf of management. In addition to the technical responsibilities described in levels I through VI, personnel specialists may also manage personnel functions and supervise subordinate staff. At levels I and II, the subordinate staff typically consists of clerks and paraprofessionals; level HI may coordinate the work of lower level specialists; and levels IV and above may supervise subordinate specialists. Positions which are primarily supervisory, rather than technical, in nature (i.e., they are not readily matchable to the level-to-level distinctions in this definition) should be matched to the personnel supervisor/manager definition.  m  IV Exclude Exclude  PERSONNEL SPECIALIST  This broad, generic occupation includes specialists: (1) working in personnel  (143: Personnel, training, and labor relations specialist)  operations; (2) reviewing and evaluating the quality of personnel programs; and  (3) developing and revising personnel programs and procedures. Plans, administers, advises on, or performs professional work in one or more personnel specialties, such as:  Excluded are:  Job Analysis/Evaluation: Analyzing, evaluating, and defining occupations or  a.  Positions matched to the personnel supervisor/manager definition;  positions based on duties, responsibilities, and qualification requirements in order to establish or maintain a framework for equitable compensation.  b.  Directors of personnel, who service more than 250 employees and have significant responsibility for administering all three of the following functions: Job evaluation, employment and placement, and employee relations and services. In addition, workers in these excluded positions serve top management of their organization as the source of advice on personnel matters and problems;  c.  Clerical and paraprofessional positions;  d.  Labor relations specialists who negotiate with labor unions as the principal representative of their overall organization;  e.  Specialists with matchable titles (e.g., labor relations specialist, equal opportunity specialist) which are not part of the establishment's personnel program;  f.  Specialists in other occupations (e.g., nursing, organizational development, payroll, safety and health, security, and training), even if these positions are part of the establishment's personnel program;  g.  Positions not requiring: (1) three years of administrative, technical, or substantive clerical experience; (2) a bachelor's degree in any field; or (3) any equivalent  Salary and Benefit Administration: Analyzing and evaluating compensation  practices, participating in compensation surveys, and recommending pay and benefit adjustments. Recruiting applicants through various sources (e.g., schools, colleges, employment agencies, newspapers, professional societies); evaluating applicants using qualification ratings, test scores, interviews, and reference checks; and recommending applicant placement.  Recruitment and Placement:  Planning, evaluating, and administering employee training and development programs to achieve both organizational goals and personnel management objectives. Employee Development:  Employee Relations and Services: Providing guidance, advice, and assistance  on such matters as employee services and benefits; management-employee communications; performance appraisals, grievances and appeals; equal   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  147  h.  combination of experience and education yielding basic skills in problem analysis and communication; and Positions employed by personnel supply service establishments (S.I.C. 736).  Classification by level Establishment positions which meet the above criteria are matched at one of six levels. Primary leveling concepts are presented for each of the three options: (1) operations, (2) program evaluation, and (3) program development. These leveling concepts take precedent over typical duties and responsibilities in determining the level of a match. Job duties that are "moderately complex” in one establishment may be "procedural" in another establishment.  Personnel Specialist I (operations only) As a trainee, receives classroom and/or on-the-job training in the principles, procedures, and regulations of the personnel program and in the programs, policies, and objectives of the employing organization. Assignments provide experience in applying personnel management principles, procedures and techniques, while performing a variety of uncomplicated tasks under close supervision.  Personnel Specialist II Operations. Performs standard procedural duties which require the use of personnel  management principles and techniques to identify and analyze personnel problems. Provides limited advice to management, such as informing departmental supervisors of typical duty patterns which comprise an occupational level or of types of candidates available for a particular type of job. Receives specific instructions with each new assignment.  limited scope for which there are precedents. Renders advice concerning own specialty, but discusses impact on other personnel areas. Works independently under specified objectives; closer supervision is provided for complex assignments, precedent-setting actions, and actions that impact either other functional areas or key working relationships. Program evaluation and development. Assists higher level specialists or managers by  studying less complex aspects of personnel programs (e.g., merit promotions, incentive awards), resolving problems of average difficulty, and reporting findings to be included in evaluation reports. Typical duties include: analyzing, evaluating, and defining both exempt and nonexempt jobs in various occupational groups using established procedures; participating in surveys of broad compensation areas; recruiting and screening applicants for both exempt and nonexempt jobs, checking references and recommending placement; assisting in identifying training needs and arranging training, initiating personnel actions or awards, and interpreting established personnel policy, regulations, and precedents; or participating in preparing for and conducting labor negotiations.  Personnel Specialist IV Operations. Applies to three different work situations. In situation (1), specialists use  technical knowledge, skills, and judgment to solve complex technical problems. Advisory services to management are similar to those described at level HI. Situation (2) combines typical level HI operating skills with comprehensive management advisory services. Advisory services require high technical skills, along with broad personnel knowledge, to solve problems from a total personnel management perspective. In situations (1) and (2), specialists plan and complete work following established program goals and objectives. Their judgments and recommendations are relied on for management decisions.  Program evaluation and development. Assists higher level specialists in preliminary  phases of evaluation or development. Receives increasingly difficult assignments under close supervisory guidance and review. Typical duties include: analyzing and evaluating nonexempt jobs using standard procedures; participating in recruitment or compensation surveys for nonexempt jobs; rating applicants using established guides; explaining established policies, procedures, or regulations to employees or management; and performing limited tasks to assist higher level specialists in employee development, employee relations, and labor relations programs.  Personnel Specialist ill  Situation (3) applies to specialists who are solely responsible for performing moderately complex assignments (as described in level HI) and for rendering final decisions on assigned personnel matters under general administrative supervision. Responsibilities include planning and scheduling work and coordinating and integrating program(s) with other personnel, management, and operational activities. Conducts on-site review of personnel actions in several organizational units; determines factual basis for personnel actions, evaluates actions for consistency with established guidelines, and reports significant findings.  Program evaluation.  Program development. Independently develops supplemental guidelines for existing  procedures. Operations. Performs moderately complex assignments following established policies  and guidelines. Work requires experience both in a personnel specialty and in the organization serviced. Advises management on the solution to personnel problems of   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Typical duties include: analyzing, evaluating, and defining difficult exempt jobs, i.e., those in research and development, administration, law, and computer science; planning  148  and conducting broad compensation surveys and recommending pay and benefit adjustments; developing training plans and procedures for an organizational segment; participating in complex employee-management relations issues such as controversies, poor morale, and high turnover; or developing plans and procedures for labor negotiations in a moderately complex organization.  management in improving personnel programs in unusually complex organizations. Such expertise extends beyond knowledge of guidelines, precedents, and technical principles into areas of program management and administration. In situation (3), specialists serve as evaluation experts assigned to uniquely difficult and sensitive personnel problems, e.g., solutions are unusually controversial; specialists are required to persuade and motivate key officials to change major personnel policies or procedures; or problems include serious complaints where facts are vague.  Personnel Specialist V Operations. Applies to two different work situations. In situation (1), specialists solve unusually complex and unprecedented problems which require creative solutions. In situation (2), specialists are assigned complex technical problems (as described in level IV - situation (1) combined with responsibility for providing comprehensive advice to management. Management advisory services are complicated by jobs and organizations that are complex, new, or dynamic, and by the abstract nature of the work processes. Supervision and guidance relate largely to program goals and time schedules. Specialists are authorized to make decisions for their organizations and consult with their supervisors concerning unusual problems and developments.  Specialists have full technical responsibility for unusually complex personnel projects, studies, policies, or programs. The scope and impact of these assignments are broad and are of considerable importance to organizational management. Program development.  Supervision received is essentially administrative, with assignments given in terms of broad general objectives and limits.  PERSONNEL SUPERVISOR/MANAGER (143: Personnel, training, and labor relations specialist)  Independently evaluates personnel programs to determine the degree to which they are achieving goals and objectives, ascertaining weaknesses in programs and guidelines, and making recommendations for improvements. Conclusions are reported to top management. Program evaluation.  Supervises three or more personnel specialists and/or clerks and paraprofessionals. Although the work is supervisory in nature, it requires substantial knowledge of personnel policies, procedures, and practices. Excluded are:  Applies expertise in modifying procedures and guidelines. Projects are usually narrow in scope, i.e., limited to an occupational field or to a specific program area. May have full technical responsibility for personnel projects, studies, policies, or programs that are less complex than described at level VI.  Program development.  Typical duties include: Participating in the development of personnel policies and procedures; analyzing, evaluating, and defining unusually difficult jobs, e.g., those in emerging occupations which lack applicable guidelines, or in organizations so complex and dynamic that it is difficult to determine the extent of a position's responsibility; recruiting candidates for one-of-a-kind jobs; participating in employee-management relations where the underlying issues are difficult to identify; planning and administering a comprehensive employee development program; or performing labor relations assignments for a large conglomerate.  a.  Positions matched to the personnel specialist definition:  b.  Directors of personnel, who service more than 250 employees and have significant responsibility for administering all three of the following functions: Job evaluation, employment and placement, and employee relations and services. In addition, workers in these excluded positions serve top management of their organization as the source of advice on personnel matters and problems;  c.  Labor relations positions which are primarily responsible for negotiating with labor unions as the principal representative of their overall organization;  d.  Supervisory positions having both a base level below personnel specialist HI and requiring technical expertise below personnel specialist IV; and  e.  Positions also having significant responsibility for functional areas beyond personnel (e.g., payroll, purchasing, or administration).  Personnel Specialist VI Applies to three different work situations. In situation (1), specialists evaluate the personnel management program of large, complex organizations. Such evaluations require broad understanding and sensitivity both to the interrelationships between different personnel programs and to complex organizational and management relationships. In situation (2), specialists provide advice to  Program evaluation.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Classification by Level Supervisory jobs are matched at one of five levels according to two factors: a) base  149  is virtually assured) and recommends supervisory selections; and hears group grievances and serious or unresolved complaints. May shift resources among projects and perform long range budget planning.  level of work supervised, and b) level of supervision. The table following the explanations of these factors indicates the level of the supervisor for each combination of factors. Base Level of Work  Note:  Conceptually, the base level of work is the highest level of nonsupervisory work under the direct or indirect supervision of the supervisor/manager which (when added to the nonsupervisory levels above it) represents at least 25 percent of the total nonsupervisory, nonclerical staff and at least two of the full-time positions supervised.  In rare instances, supervisory positions responsible for directing a sizable staff (e.g., 10-20 professional employees) may not have subordinate supervisors, but have all other LS-2 responsibilities. Such positions should be matched to LS-2.  LS-3  Directs two subordinate supervisory levels and the work force managed typically includes substantially more than 20 employees. Makes major decisions and recommendations (listed below) which have a direct, important, and substantial effect on own organization and work. Performs at least three of the following:  To determine the base level of nonsupervisory, nonclerical work: 1) array the positions by level of difficulty; 2) determine the number of workers in each position; and 3) count down from the highest level (if necessary) until at least 25 percent of the total nonsupervisory, nonclerical staff are represented.  -  decides what programs and projects should be initiated, dropped, expanded, or curtailed;  -  determines long range plans in response to program changes, evaluates program goals, and redefines objectives;  Due to the unique nature of this particular occupation series, the mechanics of the base level concept are often not applicable in determining the appropriate job level of a personnel supervisor/manager. See Alternative Criteria For Matching Personnel Supervisors/Managers at the end of this definition for assistance in assuring correct job matches.  -  determines changes to be made in organizational structure, delegation of authority, coordination of units, etc.;  -  decides what compromises to make in program operations in view of public relations implications and need for support from various groups;  Level of Supervision  -  decides on the means to substantially reduce program operating costs without impairing overall operations; justifies major equipment expenditures; and  -  resolves differences between key subordinate officials; decides, or significantly affects final decisions, on personnel actions for subordinate supervisors and other key subordinates.  Establishment supervisory positions matched in the personnel specialist series should be counted as "non-supervisory" in computing the base level for personnel supervisor/ manager matches.  Supervisors and managers should be matched at one of the three LS levels below which best describes their supervisory responsibility. LS-1  LS-2  Plans, coordinates, and evaluates the work of a small staff, normally not more than 10 personnel specialists, paraprofessionals, and clerks; estimates staffing needs for personnel unit and schedules, assigns, and reviews work to meet completion date; interviews candidates for own unit and recommends hires, promotions, or reassignments; and resolves complaints, referring group grievances and more serious unresolved complaints to higher level supervisors; may reprimand employees.  Table B-2. Criteria for matching personnel supervisors/managers Base level of nonsupervisory job(s) matched in the personnel specialist definition  Directs a sizable staff (normally 10-20 employees), typically divided into sub-units controlled by subordinate supervisors; advises higher level management on work problems of own unit and the impact on broader programs; collaborates with heads of other units to negotiate and/or coordinate work changes; makes decisions on work or training problems presented by subordinate supervisors; evaluates subordinate supervisors and reviews their evaluations of their employees; selects nonsupervisors (higher level approval   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  m  IV V VI  150  LS-l  Level of supervisor LS-2 LS-3  1 II HI IV  II HI IV V  m  IV V Exclude  Table B-3. Level equivalents of personnel professional occupations Personnel Specialist  Personnel Supervisor/Manager  on statutory requirements and preparation of delinquent returns. Tax collectors primarily performing returns investigation work are not typically found above level II.  Director of Personnel  Collection of delinquent taxes involves analyzing a taxpayer's financial worth and ability to pay. In resolving delinquency, tax collectors evaluate (or use appraisers to evaluate): market value of assets; equity shares of other creditors; liens and ownership rights; taxpayer earning capacity; and the potential of taxpayer businesses. If bankruptcy is imminent, tax collectors file notices of lien to give their agency priority over subsequent creditors. If necessary, collectors take action for seizure and make arrangements for selling property. However, before resorting to enforced collection procedures, they may recommend alternatives such as installment payments, appointing escrow agents, or accepting collateral or mortgage arrangements to protect their agency's equity.  I II  m  IV V VI  I II  m  IV V  I II HI IV V  Excluded are:  Alternative criteria for matching Personnel Supervisor/Managers a.  a.  Tax collection supervisors. Incumbents in these full supervisory positions typically assign, coordinate, and review work; estimate personnel needs and schedules; evaluate performance; resolve complaints; and make recommendations for hiring and firing; and  b.  Tax auditors responsible for determining taxpayer liability.  Base level artificially low. The leanness of subordinate staff often combines with  the appropriate LS level to produce a level of supervisor/manager which is below the supervisor/manager's level of technical expertise, as measured by the personnel specialist definition. In these instances, raise the level of the supervisor/manager match to correlate to the equivalent level of personnel specialist (see chart above).  Tax Collector I TAX COLLECTOR Receives formal training in: internal revenue laws, regulations, and procedures; collection enforcement techniques and laws of evidence and procedures; and business fundamentals. On-the-job training is provided and progressively broader assignments are given for development purposes. Most assignments are simple, although more difficult work such as that encountered at level II may be performed under close supervision and guidance. Individuals hired typically have 1-2 years experience in accounting, loan, collection, or related area or equivalent education in accounting, business law, or related field of study.  (1139: Officials and administrators, public administration, not elsewhere classified) Collects delinquent taxes, canvasses for unreported taxes due, secures delinquent tax returns, and counsels taxpayers on filing and paying obligations. Tax collection typically begins after office examination of tax returns and financial records and subsequent notices of tax liability fail to collect full payment. Obtains and analyzes financial information, selects appropriate administrative or judicial remedy, and liquidates tax liability through such measures as compromise, installment agreements, and seizure and sale of property or other assets. Establishes liability for and imposes various penalties under State or County revenue codes. Serves summonses, takes testimony under oath, and testifies in court. Work typically requires at least three years experience in general business or financial practices or the equivalent in education and experience combined. Level I is primarily for training and development. Level II is the full working level for tax collectors who follow standard procedures and level III includes specialists, team leaders, and quasi­ supervisors solving moderately complex tax collection problems.  Tax Collector II Follows standard procedures to collect delinquent tax accounts and secure delinquent returns. Receives specific assignments from supervisor and works out details independently. Explains to tax debtors sanctions which may be used in the event of nonpayment and procedures for appealing tax bills or assessments. Compiles prescribed records and reports. Refers problems to supervisor which cannot be resolved by applying standard procedures.  Tax Collector III  Tax collection involves two overlapping functions - returns investigation and Returns investigations involve analyzing financial records, examining taxpayer's situation or business operations, and counseling taxpayers collection of delinquent taxes.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  As a tax collection specialist, team leader, or quasi-supervisor, conducts moderately  151  complex investigations to detect or verify suspected tax violations according to established rules, regulations, and tax ordinances. Selects methods of approach, resolves problems referred by lower level tax collectors, and applies all remedies available to collect delinquent taxes. Prepares comprehensive records and reports. Trains lower level tax collectors and assists them in uniformly enforcing tax laws. May also assign, review, and coordinate work of lower level tax collectors.  c.  Workers using the computer for scientific, technical, or mathematical work when a knowledge of the subject matter is required; and  d.  Positions above level V; in addition to level V responsibilities, workers in these excluded positions use a knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems to assist in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and (3) switching to emergency backup procedures.  Technical COMPUTER OPERATOR (4612: Computer operator)  Computer Operator I  Monitors and operates the control console of either a mainframe digital computer or a group of minicomputers, in accordance with operating instructions, to process data. Work is characterized by the following: -  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed;  Receives on-the-job training in operating the control console (sometimes augmented by classroom training). Works under close personal supervision and is provided detailed written or oral guidance before and during assignments. As instructed, resolves common operating problems. May serve as an assistant operator working under close supervision or performing a portion of a more senior operator’s work.  -  Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, paper, etc.);  Computer Operator II  -  Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system;  -  Starts and operates control console;  -  Diagnoses and corrects equipment malfunctions;  Processes scheduled routines which present few difficult operating problems (e.g., infrequent or easily resolved error conditions). In response to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedure. Refers problems which do not respond to preplanned procedure. May serve as an assistant operator, working under general supervision.  -  Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems;  -  Maintains operating record.  Computer Operator III  May test run new or modified programs and assist in modifying systems or programs. Included within the scope of this definition are fully qualified computer operators, trainees working to become fully qualified operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level positions.  Processes a range of scheduled routines. In addition to operating the system and resolving common error conditions, diagnoses and acts on machine stoppage and error conditions not fully covered by existing procedures and guidelines (e.g., resetting switches and other controls or making mechanical adjustments to maintain or restore equipment operations). In response to computer output instructions or error conditions, may deviate from standard procedures if standard procedures do not provide a solution. Refers problems which do not respond to corrective procedures.  Excluded are:  Computer Operator IV  a.  Workers operating small computer systems where there is little or no opportunity for operator intervention in program processing and few requirements to correct equipment malfunctions;  b.  Peripheral equipment operators and remote terminal or computer operators who do not run the control console of either a mainframe digital computer or a group of minicomputers;  Adapts to a variety of nonstandard problems which require extensive operator intervention (e.g., frequent introduction of new programs, applications, or procedures). In response to computer output instructions or error conditions, chooses or devises a course of action from among several alternatives and alters or deviates from standard procedures if standard procedures do not provide a solution (e.g, reassigning equipment in order to work around faulty equipment or transfer channels); then refers problems. Typically, completed work is submitted to users without supervisory review.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  152  Computer Operator V  Drafter I  Resolves a variety of difficult operating problems (e.g., making unusual equipment connections and rarely used equipment and channel configurations to direct processing through or around problems in equipment, circuits, or channels or reviewing test run requirements and developing unusual system configurations that will allow test programs to process without interfering with on-going job requirements). In response to computer output instructions and error conditions or to avoid loss of information or to conserve computer time, operator deviates from standard procedures. Such actions may materially alter the computer unit's production plans. May spend considerable time away from the control station providing technical assistance to lower level operators and assisting programmers, systems analysts, and subject matter specialists in resolving problems.  Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized structures, systems, parts or equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates or uses a compass and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guidance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy. Typical assignments include: From marked-up prints, revises the original drawings of a plumbing system by increasing pipe diameters. From sketches, draws building floor plans, determining size, spacing, and arrangement of freehand lettering according to scale. Draws simple land profiles from predetermined structural dimensions and reduced survey notes. Traces river basin maps and enters symbols to denote stream sampling locations, municipal and industrial waste discharges, and water supplies.  DRAFTER (372: Drafting occupation) Performs drafting work, manually or using a computer, requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, facilities, land profiles, water systems, mechanical and electrical equipment, pipelines, duct systems, and similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and information. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Excluded are:  a.  Designers using technical knowledge and judgment to conceive, plan, or modify designs;  b.  Illustrators or graphic artists using artistic ability to prepare illustrations;  c.  Office drafters preparing charts, diagrams, and room arrangements to depict statistical and administrative data;  d.  Cartographers preparing maps and charts primarily using a technical knowledge of cartography;  e.  Positions below level I; workers in these trainee positions either (1) trace or copy finished drawings under close supervision or (2) receive instruction in the elementary methods and techniques of drafting; and  f.  Supervisors.  Drafter II Prepares various drawings of such units as construction projects or parts and assemblies, including various views, sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the occupation. Makes arithmetic computations using standard formulas. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms. Unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to follow. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results. More complex revisions are produced from sketches or specifications which clearly depict the desired product. Typical assignments include: From a layout and manual references, prepares several views of a simple gear system. Obtains dimensions and tolerances from manuals and by measuring the layout. Draws base and elevation views, sections, and details of new bridges or other structures; revises complete sets of roadway drawings for highway construction projects; or prepares block maps, indicating water and sewage line locations. Prepares and revises detail and design drawings for such projects as the construction and installation of electrical or electronic equipment, plant wiring, and the manufacture and assembly of printed circuit boards. Drawings  Positions are classified into levels based on the following definitions.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  153  typically include details of mountings, frames, guards, or other accessories; conduit layouts; or wiring diagrams indicating transformer sizes, conduit locations and mountings.  Drafter IV Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex, or original designs which require a high degree ofprecision. Performs unusually difficult  Drafter III  assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally interpret general designs prepared by others to complete minor details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects.  Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to draw land contours or to compute weights, center of gravity, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of material, etc. Works from sketches, models, and verbal information supplied by an engineer, architect, or designer to determine the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers' catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or design originator may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. Typical assignments include: From layouts or sketches, prepares complete sets of drawings of test equipment to be manufactured. Several cross-sectional and subassembly drawings are required. From information supplied by the design originator and from technical handbooks and manuals, describes dimensions, tolerances, fits, fabrication techniques, and standard parts to use in manufacturing the equipment.  To be covered by these definitions, employees must meet all of the following criteria: 1.  Provides semiprofessional technical support for engineers working in such areas as research, design, development, testing, or manufacturing process improvement.  2.  Work pertains to electrical, electronic, or mechanical components or equipment.  3.  Required to have some practical knowledge of science or engineering; some positions may also require a practical knowledge of mathematics or computer science.  From electronic schematics, information as to maximum size, and manuals giving dimensions of standard parts, determines the arrangement and prepares drawings of printed circuit boards.  Included are workers who prepare design drawings and assist with the design,  From precedents, drafting standards, and established practices, prepares final construction drawings for floodgates, navigation locks, dams, bridges, culverts, levees, channel excavations, dikes, and berms; prepares boring profiles, typical cross-sections, and land profiles; and delineates related topographical details as required.  a.  Production and maintenance workers, including workers engaged in calibrating, repairing, or maintaining electronic equipment (see Maintenance Electronics Technician);  b.  Model makers and other craft workers;  c.  Quality control technicians and testers;  d.  Chemical and other nonengineering laboratory technicians;  e.  Civil engineering technicians and drafters;  f.  Positions (below level I) which are limited to simple tasks such as: Measuring items or regular shapes with a caliper and computing cross-sectional areas; identifying, weighing, and marking easy-to identify items; or recording simple  Prepares final drawings for street paving and widening or for water and sewer lines having complex trunk lines; reduces field notes and calculates true grades. From engineering designs, lays out plan, profile and detail appurtenances required; notifies supervisor of conflicting details in design. Note:  ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN (371: Engineering technologist and technicians)  Excludes drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at  this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  evaluation, and/or modification of machinery and equipment. Excluded are:  154  instrument readings at specified intervals; and g.  Engineers required to apply a professional knowledge of engineering theory and principles.  Receives initial instruction, equipment requirements, and advice from supervisor or engineer as needed; performs recurring work independently; work is reviewed for technical adequacy or conformity with instructions. Performs at this level one or a combination of such typical duties as: Constructs components, subunits, or simple models and adapts standard equipment. May troubleshoot and correct malfunctions requiring simple solutions.  Engineering Technician I Performs simple routine tasks under close supervision or from detailed procedures. Work is checked in progress or on completion. Performs one or a combination of such typical duties as:  Follows specific layout and scientific diagrams to construct and package simple devices and subunits of equipment.  Assembles or installs equipment or parts requiring simple wiring, soldering, or connecting.  Conducts various tests or experiments which may require minor modifications in test setups or procedures as well as subjective judgments in measurement; selects, sets up, and operates standard test equipment and records test data.  Performs simple or routine tasks or tests such as tensile or hardness tests; operates and adjusts simple test equipment; records test data.  Extracts and compiles a variety of engineering data from field notes, manuals, lab reports, etc.; processes data, identifying errors or inconsistencies; selects methods of data presentation.  Gathers and maintains specified records of engineering data such as tests, drawings, etc.; performs computations by substituting numbers in specified formulas; plots data and draws simple curves and graphs.  Assists in design modification by compiling data related to designs, specifications, and materials which are pertinent to specific items of equipment or component parts. Develops information concerning previous operational failures and modifications. Uses judgment and initiative to recognize inconsistencies or gaps in data and seek sources to clarify information. <  Engineering Technician II Performs standardized or prescribed assignments involving a sequence of related operations. Follows standard work methods on recurring assignments but receives explicit instructions on unfamiliar assignments. May become familiar with the operation and design of equipment and with maintenance procedures and standards. Technical adequacy of routine work is reviewed on completion; nonroutine work may also be reviewed in progress. Performs at this level one or a combination of such typical duties as: Following specific instructions, assembles or constructs simple or standard equipment or parts; may service or repair simple instruments or equipment; Conducts a variety of tests using established methods. Prepares test specimens, adjusts and operates equipment, and records test data, pointing out deviations resulting from equipment malfunction or observational errors.  Engineering Technician IV Performs nonroutine assignments of substantial variety and complexity, using operational precedents which are not fully applicable. Such assignments, which are typically parts of broader assignments, are screened to eliminate unusual design problems. May also plan such assignments. Receives technical advice from supervisor or engineer; work is reviewed for technical adequacy (or conformity with instructions). May be assisted by lower level technicians and have frequent contact with professionals and others within the establishment. Performs at this level one or a combination of such typical duties as: Develops or reviews designs by extracting and analyzing a variety of engineering data. Applies conventional engineering practices to develop, prepare, or recommend schematics, designs, specifications, electrical drawings, and parts lists. Examples of designs include: detailed circuit diagrams; hardware fittings or test equipment involving a variety of mechanisms; conventional piping systems; and building site layouts.  Extracts engineering data from various prescribed but nonstandardized sources; processes the data following well-defined methods including elementary algebra and geometry; presents the data in prescribed form.  Engineering Technician III Performs assignments that are not completely standardized or prescribed. Selects or adapts standard procedures or equipment, using precedents that are not fully applicable.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Conducts tests or experiments requiring selection and adaptation or 155  modification of a wide variety of critical test equipment and test procedures; sets up and operates equipment; records data, measures and records problems of significant complexity that sometimes require resolution at a higher level; and analyzes data and prepares test reports.  approaches to accomplish work, resolve design and operational problems, and make decisions in situations where standard engineering methods, procedures, and techniques may not be applicable. Supervisor or professional engineer provides advice on unusual or controversial problems or policy matters; completed work is reviewed for compliance with overall project objectives. May supervise or train and be assisted by lower level technicians. Performs, at this level, one or a combination of such typical duties as:  Applies methods outlined by others to limited segments of research and development projects; constructs experimental or prototype models to meet engineering requirements; conducts tests or experiments and redesigns as necessary; and records and evaluates data and reports findings.  Prepares designs and specifications for various complex equipment or systems (e.g., a heating system in an office building, or new electronic components such as solid state devices for instrumentation equipment). Plans approach to solve design problems; conceives and recommends new design techniques; resolves design problems with contract personnel, and assures compatibility of design with other parts of the system.  Engineering Technician V Performs nonroutine and complex assignments involving responsibility for planning and conducting a complete project of relatively limited scope or a portion of a larger and more diverse project. Selects and adapts plans, techniques, designs, or layouts. Contacts personnel in related activities to resolve problems and coordinate the work; reviews, analyzes, and integrates the technical work of others. Supervisor or professional engineer outlines objectives, requirements, and design approaches; completed work is reviewed for technical adequacy and satisfaction of requirements. May train and be assisted by lower level technicians. Performs at this level one or a combination of such typical duties as:  Designs and coordinates test set ups and experiments to prove or disprove the feasibility of preliminary design; uses untried and untested measurement techniques; and improves the performance of the equipment. May advise equipment users on redesign to solve unique operational deficiencies. Plans approach and conducts various experiments to develop equipment or systems characterized by (a) difficult performance requirements because of conflicting attributes such as versatility, size, and ease of operation; or (b) unusual combination of techniques or components. Arranges for fabrication of pilot models and determines test procedures and design of special test equipment.  Designs, develops, and constructs major units, devices, or equipment; conducts tests or experiments; analyzes results and redesigns or modifies equipment to improve performance; and reports results. From general guidelines and specifications (e.g., size or weight requirements), develops designs for equipment without critical performance requirements which are difficult to satisfy such as engine parts, research instruments, or special purpose circuitry. Analyzes technical data to determine applicability to design problems; selects from several possible design layouts; calculates design data; and prepares layouts, detailed specifications, parts lists, estimates, procedures, etc. May check and analyze drawings or equipment to determine adequacy of drawings and design. Plans or assists in planning tests to evaluate equipment performance. Determines test requirements, equipment modification, and test procedures; conducts tests using all types of instruments, analyzes and evaluates test results, and prepares reports on findings and recommendations.  ENGINEERING TECHNICIAN, CIVIL OR SURVEY TECHNICIAN/CONSTRUCTION INSPECTOR (1472: Construction inspector) (3733: Surveying technician) Provides semiprofessional support to engineers or related professionals engaged in the planning, design, management, or supervision of the construction (or alteration) of such structures as buildings, streets and highways, airports, sanitary systems, or flood control systems. Applies knowledge of the methods, equipment, and techniques of several of the following support functions: Data compilation and analysis!design and specification - gathering, tabulating and/or analyzing hydrologic and meteorologic information, quantities of materials required, traffic patterns, or other engineering data; preparing detailed site layouts and specifications; and reviewing and analyzing design drawings for feasibility, performance, safety, durability, and design content.  Engineering Technician VI Independently plans and accomplishes complete projects or studies of broad scope and complexity. Or serves as an expert in a narrow aspect of a particular field of engineering, e.g., environmental factors affecting electronic engineering. Complexity of assignments typically requires considerable creativity and judgment to devise   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Testing - measuring the physical characteristics of soil, rock, concrete or other construction materials to determine methods and quantities required or to 156  Engineering Technician, Civil or Survey Technician/Construction Inspector II  comply with safety and quality standards; Surveying - measuring or determining distances, elevations, areas, angles, land boundaries or other features of the earth's surface; or  Performs standard or prescribed assignments involving a sequence of related operations. Follows standard work methods and receives detailed instructions on unfamiliar assignments. Technical adequacy of routine work is assessed upon completion; nonroutine work is reviewed in progress. Performs a variety of such typical duties as:  Construction inspection and monitoring - performing on-site inspection of construction projects to determine conformance with contract specifications and building codes. Levels V and VI include positions responsible for monitoring and controlling construction projects.  Data compilation and analysis - compiles and examines a variety of data required by engineers for project planning (e.g., hydrologic and sedimentation data; earthwork quantities), applying simple algebraic or geometric formulas.  Excluded are building, electrical, and mechanical inspectors; construction, maintenance, and craft workers; chemical or other physical science technicians; engineers required to apply professional rather than technical knowledge of engineering to their work; and technicians not primarily concerned with civil or construction engineering.  Testing - conducts a variety of standard tests on soils, concrete and aggregates, e.g., determines the liquid and plastic limits of soils or the flexural and compressive strength, air content and elasticity of concrete. Examines test results and explains unusual findings.  Also excluded are technicians below level I whose work is limited to very simple and routine tasks, such as identifying, weighing and marking easy-to-identify items or recording simple instrument readings at specified intervals.  Surveying - applies specialized knowledge, skills or judgment to a varied and complex sequence of standard operations, e.g., surveys small land areas using rod, tape and hand level to estimate volume to be excavated; or records data requiring numerous calculations.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.  Engineering Technician, Civil or Survey Technician/Construction Inspector I  Construction inspection - Applies a variety of techniques in inspecting less complex projects, e.g., the quality, quantity, and placement of gravel for road construction; excavations; and concrete footings for structures. Determines compliance with plans and specifications. May assist in inspecting more complex projects.  Performs simple, routine tasks under close supervision or from detailed procedures. Work is checked in progress and on completion. Performs a variety of such typical duties as: Data compilation - compiles engineering data from tests, drawings, specifications or field notes; performs arithmetic computations by substituting values in specified formulas; plots data and draws simple curves and graphs. Testing - conducts simple or repetitive tests on soils, concrete and aggregates; e.g. sieve analysis, slump tests and moisture content determination. Surveying - performs routine and established functions such as holding range poles or rods where special procedures are required or directing the placement of surveyor's chain or tape and selecting measurement points.  Engineering Technician, Civil or Survey Technician/Construction Inspector ill Performs assignments which include nonstandard applications, analyses or tests; or the use of complex instruments. Selects or adapts standard procedures using fully applicable precedents. Receives initial instructions, requirements and advice as needed; performs recurring work independently. Work is reviewed for technical adequacy and conformance with instructions. Performs a variety of such typical duties as: Data compilation and analysis - applies knowledge and judgment in selecting sources, evaluating data and adapting methods, e.g., computes, from file notes, quantities of materials required for roads which include retaining walls and culverts; plots profiles, cross sections and drainage areas for a small earthwork dam.  Construction inspection - makes simple measurements and observations; may make preliminary recommendations concerning the acceptance of materials or workmanship in clear-cut situations.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  157  Design and specification - assists in preparing plans and layouts for modifying specific structures, systems, or components by compiling pertinent design, specifications, and survey data. From detailed notes and instructions, prepares simple sketches or drawings for excavation, embankment, or structures to assist survey team in staking out work and in computing quantities.  Construction inspection - performs inspections for a variety of complete projects of limited size and complexity or a phase of a larger project, e.g., conventional one or two story concrete and steel buildings; park and forest road construction limited to clearing, grading and drainage. Interprets plans and specifications, resolves differences between plans and specifications, and approves minor deviations in methods which conform to established precedents.  Testing - conducts tests for which established procedures and equipment require either adaptation or the construction of auxiliary devices. Uses judgment to interpret precise test results. Surveying - uses a variety of complex instruments to measure angles and elevations, applying judgment and skill in selecting and describing field information. Assignments include: recording complete and detailed descriptive data and providing sketches of relief, drainage and culture; or running short traverse lines from specified points along unobstructed routes. Construction inspection - independently inspects standard procedures, items or operations of limited difficulty, e.g., slope, embankment, grading, moisture content, earthwork compaction, concrete forms, reinforcing rods or simple batching and placement of concrete on road construction.  Engineering Technician, Civil or Survey Technician/Construction Inspector V Performs nonroutine and complex assignments involving responsibility for planning and conducting a complete project of limited scope or a portion of a larger, more complex project. Selects and adapts techniques, designs, or layouts. Reviews, analyzes and interprets the technical work of others. Completed work is reviewed for technical adequacy. Recommendations for major changes or costly alterations to basic designs are approved by supervisor. Performs a variety of such typical duties as: Design and specification - prepares plans and specifications for major projects such as roads and airport runways, bridge spans, highway structures, or electrical distribution systems. Applies established engineering practice; calculates dimensions, elevations, and quantities; and selects and adapts precedents to meet specific requirements. Applies applicable standards and guidelines in resolving design problems; refers difficult or novel requirements to supervisor.  Engineering Technician, Civil or Survey Technician/Construction Inspector IV Plans and performs nonroutine assignments of substantial variety and complexity. Selects appropriate guidelines to resolve problems which are not fully covered by precedents. Performs recurring work independently, receiving technical advice as needed. Performs a variety of such typical duties as:  Construction inspection - Inspects projects of unusual difficulty and complexity, e.g., large multi-story hospitals or laboratories which include sophisticated electrical and mechanical equipment; airport runways for jet aircraft with exacting requirements. Independently interprets plans and specifications to resolve complex construction problems.  Design and specification - prepares site layouts for projects from such information as design criteria, soil conditions, existing buildings, topography and survey data; sketches plans for grading sites; and makes preliminary cost estimates from established unit prices. OR Reviews and develops plans, specifications, and cost estimates for standard modifications to the interior system (e.g. electrical) of a small, conventional building.  Construction monitoring - Monitors progress of specialized phases of construction projects. For example, develops or revises specifications for clearing land for excavation; and building access roads, utilities, construction offices, testing facilities, and maintenance and storage facilities. OR Investigates prospective contractor's capabilities, operating methods, and equipment; or reviews contractor’s cost estimates and operating reports for use in computing periodic payments.  Testing - conducts tests which require the selection and substantial modification of equipment and procedures. Recognizes and interprets subtle, i.e., fluctuating, test reactions. Surveying - makes exacting measurements under difficult conditions e.g., leads detached observing unit on surveys involving unusually heavy urban, rail or highway traffic; serves as party chief on conventional construction, property, topographical, hydrographic or geodetic surveys. Excluded are party chiefs responsible for unusually difficult or complex surveys.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Engineering Technician, Civil or Survey Technician/Construction Inspector VI Independently plans and accomplishes complete conventional projects or serves as an expert in a narrow aspect of a civil engineering field. Applies creativity and judgment to plan projects, resolve design problems, and adapt equipment, procedures, or  158  prevents fires and performs rescue operations in structural and airfield environments. Performs maintenance on own equipment and quarters. Wears protective clothing and breathing devices; drives fire and crash equipment; and operates a variety of firefighting equipment such as hoses, extinguishers, ladders and axes. May hold national certification as an Emergency Medical Technician.  techniques. Recommendations, plans, designs, and reports are reviewed for general adequacy and soundness of engineering judgment. Supervisor provides advice on unusual or controversial problems or policy matters. May direct or train lower level technicians. Design and specification - Develops cost estimates for competitive bidding for a variety of multiple-use construction projects. Determines the construction processes involved, along with coordination and scheduling requirements. Compares types and capacities of construction equipment and calculates detailed cost estimates. OR Prepares designs and specifications for various utility systems of complex facilities; resolves design problems by adapting precedents or developing new design features.  Excluded are:  Construction inspection and monitoring - Inspects and monitors progress of multi-use construction projects typically requiring more than a year for completion. Uses a knowledge of construction systems, practices, and processes to determine if projects are progressing according to contract requirements and organizational policies.  Protective Service CORRECTIONS OFFICER  a.  Fire academy cadets;  b.  Positions receiving additional compensation for driving and operating structural pumpers and crash vehicles; and  c.  Work leaders and supervisors.  POLICE OFFICER, UNIFORMED (5132: Police and detective, public service) Enforces laws established for the protection of persons and property, by detaining, arresting, interrogating, and incarcerating suspected violators, and appearing as a witness at trials. Work is performed in uniform or civilian clothes and officers are typically armed.  (5133: Correctional institution officer) Excluded are: Maintains order among inmates in a State prison or local jail. Performs routine duties in accordance with established policies, regulations, and procedures to guard and supervise inmates in cells, at meals, during recreation, and on work assignments. May, if necessary, employ weapons or force to maintain discipline and order. Typical duties include: Taking periodic inmate counts; searching inmates and cells for contraband articles; inspecting locks, window bars, grills, doors, and grates for tampering; aiding in prevention of escapes and taking part in searches for escaped inmates; and escorting inmates to and from different areas for questioning, medical treatment, work, and meals. May act as outside or wall guard, usually on rotation. Excluded are: a.  Workers receiving on-the-job training in basic correctional officer activities; and  b.  Positions responsible for providing counselling or rehabilitation services to inmates. '  a.  Supervisory positions;  b.  Criminal investigators;  c.  Police detectives and specialists performing duties above those described for Police Officer II;  d.  Positions requiring the operation of an aircraft: and  e.  Police academy cadets and positions receiving on-the-job training and experience in basic police activities.  Police Officer, Uniformed I  FIREFIGHTER (5123: Firefighting occupation) As a full-time paid member of the fire department, combats, extinguishes, and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Carries out general and specific assignments from superior officers in accordance with established rules and procedures. Maintains order, enforces laws and ordinances, and protects life and property in an assigned patrol district or beat by performing a combination of such duties as: patrolling a specific area on foot or in a vehicle; directing traffic; issuing traffic summonses; investigating accidents; apprehending and arresting suspects; processing prisoners; and protecting scenes of major crimes. May  159  participate with detectives or investigators in conducting surveillance operations.  exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling, balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with procedures.  Police Officer, Uniformed ii In addition to the basic police duties described at level I, receives additional compensation to specialize in one or more activities, such as: canine patrol; special reaction teams (e.g., special weapons assault team, special operations reaction team); juvenile cases; hostage negotiations; and participating in investigations (e.g., stakeout, surveillance) or other enforcement activities requiring specialized training and skills.  Clerk, Accounting III Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instructions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy.  Clerical CLERK, ACCOUNTING (4712: Bookkeeper and accounting and auditing clerk) Performs one or more accounting tasks, such as posting to registers and ledgers; balancing and reconciling accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels I and II require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels III and IV require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting procedures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system.  Clerk, Accounting I Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor's attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions.  Clerk, Accounting II Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as: examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Clerk, Accounting IV Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or nonrecurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting system. Note:  Excluded from level IV are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts.  CLERK, GENERAL (463: General office occupation) Performs a combination of clerical tasks to support office, business, or administrative operations, such as: maintaining records; receiving, preparing, or verifying documents; searching for and compiling information and data; responding to routine requests with standard answers (by phone, in person, or by correspondence). The work requires a basic knowledge of proper office procedures. Workers at levels I, II, and HI follow 160  prescribed procedures or steps to process paperwork; they may perform other routine office support work, (e.g., typing, filing, or operating a keyboard controlled data entry device to transcribe data into a form suitable for data processing). Workers at level IV are also required to make decisions about the adequacy and content of transactions handled in addition to following proper procedures.  records, taking inventory of equipment and supplies, answering questions on departmental services and functions, operating a variety of office machines, posting to various books, balancing a restricted group of accounts to controlling accounts, and assisting in preparation of budgetary requests. May oversee work of lower level clerks.  Clerk, General IV Clerical work is controlled (e.g., through spot checks, complete review, or subsequent processing) for both quantity and quality. Supervisors (or other employees) are available to assist and advise clerks on difficult problems and to approve their suggestions for significant deviations from existing instructions.  Uses some subject-matter knowledge and judgment to complete assignments consisting of numerous steps that vary in nature and sequence. Selects from alternative methods and refers problems not'solvable by adapting or interpreting substantive guides, manuals, or procedures.  Excluded from this definition are; workers whose pay is primarily based on the performance of a single clerical duty such as typing, stenography, office machine operation, or filing; and other workers, such as secretaries, messengers, receptionists or public information specialists who perform general clerical tasks incidental to their primary duties.  Typical duties include: assisting in a variety of administrative matters; maintaining a wide variety of financial or other records; verifying statistical reports for accuracy and completeness; and handling and adjusting complaints. May also direct lower level clerks.  Clerk, General I  Positions above level IV are excluded. Such positions (which may include supervisory responsibility over lower level clerks) require workers to use a thorough knowledge of an office's work and routine to: 1) choose among widely varying methods and procedures to process complex transactions; and 2) select or devise steps necessary to complete assignments. Typical jobs covered by this exclusion include administrative assistants, clerical supervisors, and office managers.  Follows a few clearly detailed procedures in performing simple repetitive tasks in the same sequence, such as filing precoded documents in a chronological file or operating office equipment, e.g., mimeograph, photocopy, addressograph or mailing machine.  Clerk, General II CLERK, ORDER Follows a number of specific procedures in completing several repetitive clerical steps performed in a prescribed or slightly varied sequence, such as coding and filing documents in an extensive alphabetical file, simple posting to individual accounts, opening mail, running mail through metering machines, and calculating and posting charges to departmental accounts. Little or no subject-matter knowledge is required, but the clerk needs to choose the proper procedure for each task.  Clerk, General III Work requires a familiarity with the terminology of the office unit. Selects appropriate methods from a wide variety of procedures or makes simple adaptations and interpretations of a limited number of substantive guides and manuals. The clerical steps often vary in type or sequence, depending on the task. Recognized problems are referred to others. Typical duties include a combination of the following: maintaining time and material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  (4664: Order clerk) Receives written or verbal customers' purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgment of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.  161  Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  PERSONNEL ASSISTANT (Employment) (4692: Personnel clerk, except payroll and timekeeper)  Clerk, Order I Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item.  Clerk, Order II Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment's product lines will satisfy the customer's needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR (4793: Data entry keyer) Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disc encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment.  Personnel assistants (employment) provide clerical and technical support to personnel professionals or managers in internal matters relating to recruiting, hiring, transfer, change in pay status, and termination of employees. At the lower levels, assistants primarily provide basic information to current and prospective employees, maintain personnel records and information listings, and prepare and process papers on personnel actions (hires, transfers, changes in pay, etc.). At the higher levels, assistants may perform limited aspects of a personnel professional's work, e.g., interviewing candidates, recommending placements, and preparing personnel reports. Final decisions on personnel actions are made by personnel professionals or managers. Some assistants may perform a limited amount of work in other specialties, such as benefits, compensation, or employee relations. Typing may be required at any level. Excluded are: a. Workers who primarily compute and process payrolls or compute and/or respond to questions on benefits or retirement claims; b.  Workers who receive additional pay primarily for maintaining and safeguarding personnel record files;  c.  Workers whose duties do not require a knowledge of personnel rules and procedures, such as receptionists, messengers, typists, or stenographers;  Key Entry Operator I  d.  Workers in positions requiring a bachelor's degree;  Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  e.  Workers who are primarily compensated for duties outside the employment specialty, such as benefits, compensation, or employee relations; and  f.  Positions above level IV. Workers in these excluded positions perform duties which are similar to level IV, but which are more complicated because they include limited aspects of professional personnel work for a variety of conventional and stable occupations.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Key Entry Operator II Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I. Note:  Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. The work described is essentially at a responsible clerical level at the low levels and progresses to a staff assistant or technician level. At level HI, which is transitional, both types of work are described. Jobs which match either type of work described at level HI, or which are combinations of the two, can be matched.  Personnel Assistant (Employment) I Performs routine tasks which require a knowledge of personnel procedures and rules, such as: providing simple employment information and appropriate lists and forms to  162  applicants or employees on types of jobs being filled, procedures to follow, and where to obtain additional information; ensuring that the proper forms are completed for name changes, locator information, applications, etc. and reviewing completed forms for signatures and proper entries; or maintaining personnel records, contacting appropriate sources to secure any missing items, and posting items such as dates of promotions, transfer, and hire, or rates of pay or personal data. (If this information is computerized, skill in coding or entering information may be needed as a minor duty.) May answer outside inquiries for simple factual information, such as verification of dates of employment in response to telephone credit checks on employees. Some receptionist or other clerical duties may be performed. May be assigned work to provide training for a higher level position.  computer listings or other sources of employee information. Locates lost documents or reconstructs information using a number of sources. May check references of applicants when information in addition to dates and places of past work is needed, and judgment is required to ask appropriate routine follow-up questions. May provide guidance to lower level clerks. Supervisory review is similar to level II. AND/OR Type B Performs routine personnel assignments beyond the clerical level, such as; orienting new employees to programs, facilities, rules on time and attendance, and leave policies; computing basic statistical information for reports on manpower profiles, EEO progress and accomplishments, hiring activities, attendance and leave profiles, turnover, etc.; and screening applicants for well-defined positions, rejecting those who do not qualify for available openings for clear cut reasons, referring others to appropriate employment interviewer. Guidance is provided on possible sources of information, methods of work, and types of reports needed. Completed written work receives close technical review from higher level personnel office employees; other work may be checked occasionally.  Detailed rules and procedures are available for all assignments. Guidance and assistance on unusual questions are available at all times. Work is spot checked, often on a daily basis.  Personnel Assistant (Employment) II Examines and/or processes personnel action documents using experience in applying personnel procedures and policies. Ensures that information is complete and consistent and determines whether further discussion with applicants or employees is needed or whether personnel information must be checked against additional files or listings. Selects appropriate precedents, rules, or procedures from a number of alternatives. Responds to varied questions from applicants, employees, or managers for readily available information which can be obtained from file material or manuals; responses require skill to secure cooperation in correcting improperly completed personnel documents or to explain regulations and procedures. May provide information to managers on availability of applicants and status of hiring actions; may verify employment dates and places supplied on job applications; may maintain personnel records; and may administer typing and stenography tests. Completes routine assignments independently. Detailed guidance is available for situations which deviate from established precedents. Clerks/assistants are relied upon to alert higher level clerks/assistants or supervisor to such situations. Work may be spot checked periodically.  Personnel Assistant (Employment) III Type A Serves as a clerical expert in independently processing the most complicated types of personnel actions, e.g„ temporary employment, rehires, and dismissals and in providing information when it is necessary to consolidate data from a number of sources, often with short deadlines. Screens applications for obvious rejections. Resolves conflicts in   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Personnel Assistant (Employment) IV Performs work in support of personnel professionals which requires a good working knowledge of personnel procedures, guides, and precedents. In representative assignments: interviews applicants, obtains references, and recommends placement of applicants in a few well-defined occupations (trades or clerical) within a stable organization or unit; conducts post-placement or exit interviews to identify job adjustment problems or reasons for leaving the organization; performs routine statistical analyses related to manpower, EEO, hiring, or other employment concerns, e.g., compares one set of data to another set as instructed; and requisitions applicants through employment agencies for clerical or blue-collar jobs. At this level, assistants typically have a range of personal contacts within and outside the organization and with applicants, and must be tactful and articulate. May perform some clerical work in addition to the above duties. Supervisor reviews completed work against stated objectives.  SECRETARY (4622: Secretary) Provides principal secretarial support in an office, usually to one individual, and, in some cases, also to the subordinate staff of that individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor and staff. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance.  163  Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the office.  LS-1  Organizational structure is not complex and internal procedures and administrative controls are simple and informal; supervisor directs staff through face-to-face meetings.  Exclusions. Not all positions titled "secretary" possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:  LS-2  Organizational structure is complex and is divided into subordinate groups that usually differ from each other as to subject-matter, function, etc:, supervisor usually directs staff through intermediate supervisors; and internal procedures and administrative controls are formal. An entire organization (e.g., division, subsidiary, or parent organization) may contain a variety of subordinate groups which meet the LS-2 definition. Therefore, it is not unusual for one LS-2 supervisor to report to another LS-2 supervisor.  a.  Clerks or secretaries working under the direction of secretaries or administrative assistants as described in e;  b.  Stenographers not fully performing secretarial duties;  c.  Stenographers or secretaries assigned to two or more professional, technical, or managerial persons of equivalent rank;  d.  Assistants or secretaries performing any kind of technical work, e.g., personnel, accounting, or legal work;  e.  Administrative assistants or supervisors performing duties which are more difficult or more responsible than the secretarial work described in LR-1 through LR-4;  f.  Secretaries receiving additional pay primarily for maintaining confidentiality of payroll records or other sensitive information;  g.  Secretaries performing routine receptionist, typing, and filing duties following detailed instructions and guidelines; these duties are less responsible than those described in LR-1 below; and  h.  Trainees.  The presence of subordinate supervisors does not by itself mean LS-2 applies, e.g., a clerical processing organization divided into several units, each performing very similar work is placed in LS-1. In smaller organizations or industries such as retail trade, with relatively few organizational levels, the supervisor may have an impact on the policies and major programs of the entire organization, and may deal with important outside contacts, as described in LS-3. LS-3  Classification by level Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to two factors: (a) level of the secretary's supervisor within the overall organizational structure, and (b) level of the secretary's responsibility. The table following the explanations of these factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of factors. Level of secretary's supervisor (LS) Secretaries should be matched at one of the three LS levels below best describing the organization of the secretary's supervisor.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Organizational structure is divided into two or more subordinate supervisory levels (of which at least one is a managerial level) with several subdivisions at each level. Executive's program(s) are usually inter-locked on a direct and continuing basis with other major organizational segments, requiring constant attention to extensive formal coordination, clearances, and procedural controls. Executive typically has: financial decision making authority for assigned program(s); considerable impact on the entire organization's financial position or public image; and responsibility for, or has staff specialists in, such areas as personnel and administration for assigned organization. Executive plays an important role in determining the policies and major programs of the entire organization, and spends considerable time dealing with outside parties actively interested in assigned program(s) and current or controversial issues.  Level of secretary's responsibility (LR) This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor or staff, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment Secretaries should be matched at the level best describing their level of responsibility. When the position's duties span more than one LR level, the introductory paragraph at the beginning of each LR level should be used to determine  164  which of the levels best matches the position. (Typically, secretaries performing at the higher levels of responsibility also perform duties described at the lower levels.) LR-1  Carries out recurring office procedures independently. Selects the guideline or reference which fits the specific case. Supervisor provides specific instructions on new assignments and checks completed work for accuracy. Performs varied duties including or comparable to the following: a. Responds to routine telephone requests which have standard answers; refers calls and visitors to appropriate staff. Controls mail and assures timely staff response; may send form letters. b. As instructed, maintains supervisor’s calendar, makes appointments, and arranges for meeting rooms. c. Reviews materials prepared for supervisor's approval for typographical accuracy and proper format. d. Maintains recurring internal reports, such as: time and leave records, office equipment listings, correspondence controls, training plans, etc. e. Requisitions supplies, printing, maintenance, or other services. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and establishes and maintains office files.  LR-2  Handles differing situations, problems, and deviations in the work of the office according to the supervisor's general instructions, priorities, duties, policies, and program goals. Supervisor may assist secretary with special assignments. Duties include or are comparable to the following: a. Screens telephone calls, visitors, and incoming correspondence; personally responds to requests for information concerning office procedures; determines which requests should be handled by the supervisor, appropriate staff member, or other offices. May prepare and sign routine, non-technical correspondence in own or supervisor's name. b. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Makes arrangements for conferences and meetings and assembles established background materials, as directed. May attend meetings and record and report on the proceedings. c. Reviews outgoing materials and correspondence for internal consistency and conformance with supervisor’s procedures; assures that proper clearances have been obtained, when needed.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  d. Collects information from the files or staff for routine inquires on office program(s) or periodic reports. Refers nonroutine requests to supervisor or staff. e. Explains to subordinate staff supervisor's requirements concerning office procedures. Coordinates personnel and administrative forms for the office and forwards for processing. Uses greater judgment and initiative to determine the approach or action to take in nonroutine situations. Interprets and adapts guidelines, including unwritten policies, precedents, and practices, which are not always completely applicable to changing situations. Duties include or are comparable to the following: a. Based on a knowledge of the supervisor’s views, composes correspondence on own initiative about administrative matters and general office policies for supervisor's approval. b. Anticipates and prepares materials needed by the supervisor for conferences, correspondence, appointments, meetings, telephone calls, etc., and informs supervisor on matters to be considered. c. Reads publications, regulations, and directives and takes action or refers those that are important to the supervisor and staff. d. Prepares special or one-time reports, summaries, or replies to inquires, selecting relevant information from a variety of sources such as reports, documents, correspondence, other offices, etc., under general direction. e. Advises secretaries in subordinate offices on new procedures; requests information needed from the subordinate office(s) for periodic or special conferences, reports, inquires, etc. Shifts clerical staff to accommodate work load needs. Handles a wide variety of situations and conflicts involving the clerical or administrative functions of the office which often cannot be brought to the attention of the executive. The executive sets the overall objectives of the work. Secretary may participate in developing the work deadlines. Duties include or are comparable to the following: a. Composes correspondence requiring some understanding of technical matters; may sign for executive when technical or policy content has been authorized.  b. Notes commitments made by executive during meetings and arranges for staff implementation. On own initiative, arranges for staff member to represent organization at conferences and meetings, establishes appointment priorities, or reschedules or refuses appointments or invitations.  Criteria for matching secretaries by level Level of secretary's supervisor  c. Reads outgoing correspondence for executive's approval and alerts writers to any conflict with the file or departure from policies or executive's viewpoints; gives advice to resolve the problems. d. Summarizes the content of incoming materials, specially gathered information, or meetings to assist executive; coordinates the new information with background office sources; draws attention to important parts or conflicts. e. In the executive's absence, ensures that requests for action or information are relayed to the appropriate staff member; as needed, interprets request and helps implement action; makes sure that information is furnished in timely manner; decides whether executive should be notified of important or emergency matters. Exclude secretaries performing any of the following duties: a. Acts as office manager for the executive's organization, e.g., determines when new procedures are needed for changing situations and devises and implements alternatives; revises or clarifies procedures to eliminate conflict or duplication; identifies and resolves various problems that affect the orderly flow of work in transactions with parties outside the organization. b. Prepares agenda for conferences; explains discussion topics to participants; drafts introductions and develops background information and prepares outlines for executive or staff member(s) to use in writing speeches. c. Advises individuals outside the organization on the executive's views on major policies or current issues facing the organization; contacts or responds to contacts from high-ranking outside officials (e.g., city or State officials, Member of Congress, presidents of national unions or large national or international firms, etc.) in unique situations. These officials may be relatively inaccessible, and each contact typically must be handled differently, using judgment and discretion.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-l LS-2 LS-3  Level of secretary’s responsibility LR-1  LR-2  LR-3  LRA  I* I* I*  II HI IV  HI IV V  IV V V  ♦Regardless of LS level.  ^  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST (4645: Receptionist) Operates a single-position telephone switchboard or console, used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls and acts as a receptionist greeting visitors, determining nature of visits and directing visitors to appropriate persons. Work may also involve other duties such as recording and transmitting messages; keeping records of calls placed; providing information to callers and visitors; making appointments; keeping a log of visitors; and issuing visitor passes. May also type and perform other routine clerical work, usually while at the switchboard or console, which may occupy the major portion of the worker's time.  WORD PROCESSOR (4624: Typist) Uses automated systems, such as word processing equipment, or personal computers or work stations linked to a larger computer or local area network, to produce a variety of documents, such as correspondence, memos, publications, forms, reports, tables and graphs. Uses one or more word processing software packages. May also perform routine clerical tasks, such as operating copiers, filing, answering telephones, and sorting and distributing mail. Excluded are: a.  166  Typists using automatic or manual typewriters with limited or no text-editing capabilities; workers in these positions are not typically required to use word processing software packages;  b.  Maintenance and Toolroom  Key entry operators, accounting clerks, inventory control clerks, sales clerks, supply clerks, and other clerks who may use automated word processing equipment for purposes other than typing composition; and  GENERAL MAINTENANCE WORKER (6179: Mechanic and repairer, not elsewhere classified)  c.  Positions requiring subject-matter knowledge to prepare and edit text using automated word processing equipment.  Produces a variety of standard documents, such as correspondence, form letters, reports, tables and other printed materials. Work requires skill in typing; a knowledge of grammar, punctuation, and spelling; and ability to use reference guides and equipment manuals. Performs familiar, routine assignments following standard procedures. Seeks further instructions for assignments requiring deviations from established procedures.  Performs general maintenance and repair of equipment and buildings requiring practical skill and knowledge (but not proficiency) in such trades as painting, carpentry, plumbing, masonry, and electrical work. Work involves a variety of the following duties: Replacing electrical receptacles, switches, fixtures, wires, and motors; using plaster or compound to patch minor holes and cracks in walls and ceilings; repairing or replacing sinks, water coolers, and toilets; painting structures and equipment; repairing or replacing concrete floors, steps, and sidewalks; replacing damaged panelling and floor tiles; hanging doors and installing door locks; replacing broken window panes; and performing general maintenance on equipment and machinery. Excluded are:  Word Processor II  a.  Craft workers included in a formal apprenticeship or progression program based on training and experience;  Uses a knowledge of varied and advanced functions of one software type, a knowledge of varied functions of different types of software, or a knowledge of specialized or technical terminology to perform such typical duties as:  b.  Skilled craft workers required to demonstrate proficiency in one or more trades; and  c.  Workers performing simple maintenance duties not requiring practical skill and knowledge of a trade (e.g., changing light bulbs and replacing faucet washers).  Word Processor I  -  -  Editing and reformatting written or electronic drafts. Examples include: Correcting function codes; adjusting spacing and formatting; and standardizing headings, margins, and indentations. Transcribing scientific reports, lab analyses, legal proceedings, or similar material from voice tapes or handwritten drafts. Work requires knowledge of specialized, technical, or scientific terminology.  Work requires familiarity with office terminology and practices; incumbent corrects copy and questions originator of document concerning missing information, improper formatting, or discrepancies in instructions. Supervisor sets priorities and deadlines on continuing assignments, furnishes general instructions for recurring work, and provides specific instructions for new or unique projects. May lead lower level word processors.  Word Processor III Requires both a comprehensive knowledge of word processing software applications and office practices and a high degree of skill in applying software functions to prepare complex and detailed documents. For example, processes complex and lengthy technical reports which include tables, graphs, charts, or multiple columns. Uses either different word processing packages or many different style macros or special command functions. Independently completes assignments and resolves problems.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN (615: Electrical and electronic equipment repairer) (6432: Electrician) Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy. Work involves most of the following: installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, controllers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN (615: Electrical and electronic equipment repairer) Maintains, repairs, and installs various types of electronic equipment and related devices such as electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio,  167  television, telecommunication, sonar, and navigational aids); personal and mainframe computers and terminals; industrial, medical, measuring, and controlling equipment; satellite equipment; and industrial robotic devices. Applies technical knowledge of electronics principles in determining equipment malfunctions, and applies skill in restoring equipment operations. Excluded are: a.  Repairers of such standard electronic equipment as household radio and television sets, and common office machines and telecommunication equipment such as typewriters, calculators, facsimile machines, telephones, and telephone answering machines;  b.  Production assemblers and testers;  c.  Workers primarily responsible for servicing electronic test instruments; and  d.  Workers providing technical support for engineers working in such areas as research, design, development, testing, or manufacturing process improvement (see Engineering Technician).  Maintenance Electronics Technician III Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems that typically cannot be solved solely by referencing manufacturers' manuals or similar documents. Examples of such problems include determining the location and density of circuitry, evaluating electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and incorporating engineering changes. Work typically requires a detailed understanding of the interrelationships of circuits. Exercises independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, and tracing relationships in signal flow. Uses complex test instruments such as high frequency pulse generators, frequency synthesizers, distortion analyzers, and complex computer control equipment. Work may be reviewed by supervisor for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  Maintenance Electronics Technician I Applies technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks following detailed instructions. Performs such tasks as replacing components and wiring circuits; repairing simple electronic equipment; and taking test readings using common instruments such as digital multimeters, signal generators, semiconductor testers, curve tracers, and oscilloscopes. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is spot-checked for accuracy.  (613: Industrial machinery repairer) Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment. Work involves most of the following: interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC, MACHINERY Maintenance Electronics Technician II  (613: Industrial machinery repairer)  Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems by interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents. Work requires familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits and judgment in planning work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments.  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment. Work involves most of the following: examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for  Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  168  operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC, MOTOR VEHICLE (611: Vehicle and mobile equipment mechanics and repairers) Repairs, rebuilds, or overhauls major assemblies of internal combustion automobiles, buses, trucks, or tractors. Work involves most of the following: Diagnosing the source of trouble and determining the extent of repairs required; replacing worn or broken parts such as piston rings, bearings, or other engine parts; grinding and adjusting valves; rebuilding carburetors; overhauling transmissions; and repairing fuel injection, lighting, and ignition systems. In general, the work of the motor vehicle mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers' vehicles or who only perform minor repair and tuneup of motor vehicles. It does, however, include fully qualified journeymen mechanics even though most of their time may be spent on minor repairs and tuneups.  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker's handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker's work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  Material Movement and Custodial FORKLIFT OPERATOR (8318: Industrial truck and tractor equipment operator) Operates a manually controlled gasoline, electric or liquid propane gas powered forklift to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.  GUARD  (645: Plumber, pipefitter, and steamfitter)  (5144: Guard and police, except public service)  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings. Work involves most of the following: laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motorized vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. May be required to demonstrate 1) proficiency in the use of firearms and other special weapons and 2) continuing physical fitness.  Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Guard I Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations that require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training.  (6811: Tool and die maker)  Guard II  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and  Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas.  e.  loading and unloading ships (longshore workers); or  JANITOR  f.  traveling on trucks beyond the establishment's physical location to load or unload merchandise.  (5244: Janitor and cleaner) Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms.  ORDER FILLER (4754: Stock and inventory clerk)  Excluded are;  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers' orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  a.  Workers who specialize in window washing;  SHIPPING/RECEIVING CLERK  b.  Housekeeping staff who make beds and change linens as a primary responsibility;  c  Workers required to disassemble and assemble equipment in order to clean machinery; and  d.  Workers who receive additional compensation to maintain sterile facilities or equipment.  (4753: Traffic, shipping and receiving clerk)  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER (8726: Freight, stock, and material mover, not elsewhere classified) Performs physical tasks to transport or store materials or merchandise. Duties involve one or more of the following: manually loading or unloading freight cars, trucks, or  other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing items in proper storage locations; or transporting goods by handtruck, cart, or wheelbarrow. Excluded from this definition are workers whose primary function involves:  a.  participating directly in the production of goods (e.g., moving items from one production station to another or placing them on or removing them from the production process);  b.  stocking merchandise for sale;  c.  counting or routing merchandise;  d.  operating a crane or heavy-duty motorized vehicle such as forklift or truck;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and/or receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonroutine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shipping duties typically involve the following: Verifying that orders are accurately  filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; and preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receiving duties typically involve the following: Verifying the correctness of incoming  shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; and preparing and keeping records of goods received.  TRUCKDRIVER (821: Motor vehicle operator) Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing  170  plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Routesales and over-the-road drivers are excluded.  WAREHOUSE SPECIALIST (4754: Stock and inventory clerk) As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying  For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties.  Truckdriver, light truck  (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck  (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck  (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)  Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see  Truckdriver, tractor-trailer   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shipping/Receiving Clerk), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating forklifts (see Forklift Operator).  171  Occupational Compensation Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed periodically under contract to the Employment Standards Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor for its use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Reports on the surveys shown below are available from any of the Bureau's regional offices while supplies last.  Alaska (statewide) Albany, GA Albany-Schenectady-Troy, NY Albuquerque, NM Alexandria-Leesville, LA Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, MI Ann Arbor, MI Asheville, NC Atlantic City, NJ Austin, TX B akersfield, C A Baton Rouge, LA Battle Creek, MI Beaumont-Port Arthur and Lake Charles, TX-LA Biloxi-Gulfport and Pascagoula, MS Binghamton, NY Birmingham, AL Bloomington-Vincennes, EN Bremerton-Shelton, WA Brunswick, GA Buffalo, NY Cedar Rapids, IA Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, IL Charleston, SC Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Cheyenne, WY Clarksville-Hopkinsville, TN-KY Columbia-Sumter, SC Columbus, GA-AL Columbus, MS Connecticut (statewide) Corpus Christi, TX Daytona Beach, FL Decatur, IL Des Moines, IA Dothan, AL Duluth, MN-WI El Paso-Las Cruces-Alamogordo, TX-NM Eugene-Springfield-Medford-RoseburgKlamath Falls-Grants Pass, OR Evansville-Clarksville-HopkinsvilleOwensboro-Bowling Green, KY-IN-TN Fayetteville, NC Florence, SC Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood-Pompano Beach and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton-Delray Beach, FL Fort Smith, AR-OK Fort Worth-Arlington, TX Fresno, CA Gadsden and Anniston, AL Gainesville, FL Goldsboro, NC Grand Island-Hastings, NE Green Bay, WI Greensboro-Winston-SalemHigh Point, NC Greenville-Spartanburg, SC Hagerstown-CumberlandChambersburg, MD-PA-WV Harrisburg-Lebanon-Carlisle, PA Jacksonville, FL  Jacksonville-New Bern, NC Joliet, IL Kokomo, IN Knoxville, TN La Crosse-Sparta, WI Las Vegas-Tonopah, NV Lexington-Fayette, KY Lima, OH Logansport-Peru, IN Lorain-Elyria, OH Lower Eastern Shore, MD-VA-DE Macon-Warner Robins, GA Madison, WI Maine (statewide) Mansfield, OH Melboume-Titusville-Palm Bay, FL Meridian, MS Middlesex-Somerset-Hunterdon, NJ Mobile, AL Montana (statewide) Montgomery, AL New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northeastern Tennessee-Western Virginia Northern New York Northwest Texas Northwestern Florida Omaha, NE-IA Orlando, FL Oxnard-Ventura, CA Peoria, IL Pine Bluff, AR Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, OH Poughkeepsie-Orange CountyKingston, NY Providence, RI Pueblo, CO  Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, NC Reno, NV Rhode Island (statewide) Rio Grande Valley, TX Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, CA Sandusky, OH Savannah, GA Selma, AL Shreveport, LA Southeastern Massachusetts South Dakota (statewide) Southern Missouri Southwest Virginia Spokane, WA Springfield, IL Stockton, CA Syracuse and Utica-Rome, NY Tacoma, W A Toledo, OH Topeka, KS Trenton, NJ Tucson-Douglas, AZ Tulsa, OK Upper Peninsula, MI Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, CA Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, TX Waterloo-Cedar Falls, IA West Virginia (statewide) Western Massachusetts Wichita, KS Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, TX-OK Yakima-Richland-Kennewick-PascoWalla Walla-Pendleton, WA-OR York, PA  Keep Up With BLS Wage Data Occupational Compensation and Service Contract Act Surveys on Diskette Electronic files are now available for purchase on 3.5 inch diskettes. A choice of two ASCII files (Column/255 Character Wide) are available containing ALL surveys published. Contracts to purchase wage survey data are offered on an annual, quarterly or individual basis.  To receive any of the Occupational Compensation Surveys shown on the inside back cover or Summaries listed on the previous page on a 3.5 inch diskette, please contact: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, Room 4160 2 Massachusetts Ave., NE, Washington, DC 20212-0001 Telephone: (202) 606-6220  BLS National Wage Data Now Available Part I: Pay in the United States and Regions, June 1992 BLS Bulletin 2439-1, GPO Stock No. 029-001-03181-5, at $10.00 each  and Part II: Pay Comparisons, June 1992 Part III: Locality Pay, June 1992 BLS Bulletin 2439-2  For paper copies of BLS national wage data write to: Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, DC 20402 Telephone: (202) 783-3238   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  OR  BLS Publications Sales Center P.O. Box 2145 Chicago, IL 60690-2145 Telephone: (312)353-1880  OCSP  Where to Find Information on Employment and Unemployment f  Employment and Earnings: Monthly periodical containing labor force and establishment data. National, State, and area figures on employment, unemployment, hours, and earnings. Order Employment and Earnings from Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402. Includes text, statistical tables, and technical notes.  ♦  15 •'5^3i: /JUi Electronic News Release: Quickest. Accessible electronically immediately at release time through BLS news release service. Write the Office of Publications and Special Studies, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC 20212, or call (202) 606-5902.  Employment Situation News Release: Copies of this national monthly release reach the public about a week after the release date. Write: Inquiries and Correspondence, Room 2860, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC 20212  Telephone: Quick summary on 24-hour recorded message. Key numbers, plus other BLS indicators and up­ coming release dates. Call (202) 606-STAT.  Machine-Readable Form: Labor force data from the household survey and employment, hours, and earnings data from the establishment survey are available on both com­ puter tape and diskette. For information, write the Office of Publications and Special Studies, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC 20212 or call (202) 606-STAT.  ■Cr  U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:! 994-301 -228/14554   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Monthly Labor Review: Employment and unemployment statistics in­ cluded in a monthly 53-page summary of BLS data and in analytical articles. Available from the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.  Occupational Compensation Surveys Available by Subscription and Individually Area_________________________  Occupational Compensation Surveys may be ordered individually, A subscription, at $146.00, will bring you all the surveys published during the following 12 months.  Bulletin  No.  Abilene, TX, May 1992.............................................................. Anaheim - Santa Ana, CA, July 1993...................................... Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, Wl, May 1993 ........................ Atlanta, GA, Apr. 1993 ............................................................. Augusta, GA-SC, May 1993 ................................................... Baltimore, MD, May 1993 ......................................................... Bergen-Passaic, NJ, Apr. 1993 ................................................ Billings, MT, Sept. 1993 ............................................................ Boston, MA, May 1993 ............................................................ Bradenton, FL, Apr. 1993 ......................................................... Burlington, VT, Aug. 1992 ......................................................... Chattanooga, TN-GA, Aug. 1993 ............................................ Chicago, IL, May 1993 .............................................................. Cincinnati, OH-KV —IN, Apr. 1993 ........................................ Cleveland, OH, June 1993 ....................................................... Colorado Springs, CO, June 1992 ............................................ Columbus, OH, Nov. 1992......................................................... Cumberland, MD-WV, Dec. 1992 ............................................ Dallas, TX, Nov. 1992 .............................................................. Danbury, CT, Jan. 1993 ............................................................ Davenport —Rock Island —Moline, IA —IL, Jan. 1993 ............. Dayton-Springfield, OH, Feb. 1993 ....................................... Denver, CO, Nov. 1992 ............................................................ Detroit Ml, Dec. 1992 .............................................................. Elkhart-Goshen, IN, Oct. 1993 ................................................ Elmira, New York, Aug. 1992 ................................................... Evansville, IN — KY, Feb. 1992 ................................................. Fort Wayne, IN, June 1992 .......................................................  Where to send order: New Orders Superintendent of Documents P.O. Box 371954 Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954  Area_________________  3065-15 3070-46 3070-19 3070-30 3070-17 3070-29 3070-22 3070-58 3070-35 3070-14 3065-60 3070-47 3070-41 3070-28 3070-52 3065-42 3065-61 3065-69 3065-80 3070- 2 3070- 1 3070- 7 3065-77 3065-75 3070-54 3065-32 3065- 8 3065-41  Order form:  _________________________________________No.  Phoenix, AZ, Mar. 1993 ............................................................ Pttsburgh, PA, May 1993 ........................................................ Portland, OR, June 1993.......................................................... Poughkeepsie, NY, Sept. 1993 ............................................... Reading, PA, May 1992 .......................................................... Richmond-Petersburg, VA, July 1993 ..................................... Riverside-San Bernardino, CA, Apr. 1993 ............................ Rochester, NY, Nov. 1992 ...................................................... Sacramento, CA, Mar. 1993..................................................... Saginaw-Bay City-Midland, Ml, Mar. 1993.............................. St Cloud, MN, Feb. 1993 ........................................................ St. Louis, MO —IL, Feb. 1993 ................................................... Salem, OR, July 1992 ............................................................. Salt Lake City-Ogden, UT, Apr. 1993 ..................................... San Antonio, TX, July 1993 ..................................................... San Diego, CA, Aug. 1993 ....................................................... San Francisco, CA, Mar. 1993................................................. San Jose, CA, June 1993 ........................................................ Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, CA, Apr. 1993 ............ Scranton-Wilkes Barre, PA, Nov. 1992 ................................... Seattle, WA, Oct. 1993 ........................................................ South Bend-Mishawaka, IN, Aug. 1993 ................................. Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL, July 1993 ................. Utica-Rome, NY, July 1993 ..................................................... Visalia-Tulare-Porterville, CA, July 1993 ............................... Washington, DC-MD-VA, Feb. 1993................................... Wilmington, DE-NJ-MD, Dec. 1992 ................................... Worcester, MA, July 1993........................................................  (outside U.S. add $36.50).  a Enclosed is a check or money order payable to Superintendent of Documents □ Charge to my GPO account no. □ Charge to my  □I  or   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin Area  3065-74 3055-27 3070-16 3070- 6 3070-36 3065-76 3070-51 3070-56 3065-63 3070-34 3065-79 3070-42 3065-64 3065-72 3070-53 3070- 8 3070-26 3070- 4 3065-78 3070- 3 3065- 9 3070-31 3070-38 3070-49 3070-10 3070-12 3070-37 3065-71  □ Please enter a 1-year subscription for Occupational Compensation Surveys, at a price of $146.00 per year  Account no.  Prices of individual surveys vary by area. For current price information, call GPO Telephone order/inquiries (202) 783-3238.  Bulletin  Mo.  Gary-Hammond, IN, Dec. 1992 ........................................... Hartford, CT, July 1990 ............................................................ Houston, TX, Mar. 1993............................................................ Huntsville, AL, Feb. 1993 ............................................. ......... Indianapolis, IN, June 1993 .................................................... Jackson, MS, Dec. 1992 .......................................................... Kansas City, MO-KS, July 1993 ........................................... Lawrence-Haverhill, MA-NH, Sept. 1993 ............................. Little Rock-North Little Rock, AR, Nov, 1992....................... Longview-Marshall, TX, July 1993 .......................................... Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA, Dec. 1992 ............................. Louisville, KY—IN, June 1993 ................................................. Memphis, TN-AR-MS, Oct. 1992 ........................................ Miami-Hialeah, FL, Dec. 1992 ................................................. Milwaukee, Wl, Sept. 1993 ...................................................... Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN —Wl, Feb. 1993 ............................. Monmouth-Ocean, NJ, June 1993 .......................................... Nashville, TN, Feb. 1993.......................................................... Nassau-Suffolk, NY, Dec. 1992............................................... Newark, NJ, Jan. 1993............................................................. New Britain, CT, Feb. 1992...................................................... New Orleans, LA, May 1993 ................................................... New York, NY, May 1993 ........................................................ Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Newport News, VA, Aug. 1993......... Oakland, CA, Mar. 1993.......................................................... Oklahoma City, OK, Feb. 1993 ............................................... Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH, July 1993 ........................... Philadelphia, PA —NJ, Nov. 1992 ...........................................  Name (Organization (if applicable) (Street address) City, State, Zip code  VISA  □  ■ Expiration date-  3070-15 3070-23 3070-40 3070-50 3065-23 307048 3070-24 3065-62 3070- 5 3070-18 3070- 9 3070-11 3065-43 3070-21 3070-44 3070-55 3070-20 3070-39 3070-25 3065-67 3070-57 307045 3070-27 3070-32 3070-33 3070-13 3065-70 3070-43  ■  i U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, DC 20212  * 6  Third Class Mail Postage & Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor Permit No. G-738  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices ALASKA  Region I 1 Congress Street, 10th Floor Boston, MA 02114-2023 Phone: (617)565-2327  Region V 9th Floor Federal Office Building 230 S. Dearborn Street Chicago, IL 60604-1595 Phone: (312) 353-1880  **ONl*t, MOWTH tWtoTA  MINNESOTA  R«9l<kYitt.  WISCONSIN NEWYOFK  Region V SOUTH ft^MQTA  Region II Room 808 201 Varick Street New York, NY 10014-4811 Phone: (212) 337-2400  Region VI Federal Building 525 Griffin Street, Room 221 Dallas, TX 75202-5028 Phone: (214) 767-6970  *****  i pentad  ipiNtjjii  Region VII  PWadetphia ILLINOIS  NEBRASKA  «*O*AD0  KANSAS  CansasCity MISSOUR CAROLINA  nmi  Region III 3535 Market Street P.O. Box 13309 Philadelphia, PA 19101-3309 Phone: (215) 596-1154  Regions VII and VIII 911 Walnut Street Kansas City, MO 64106-2009 Phone: (816) 426-2481  Region IV 1371 Peachtree Street, N.E. Atlanta, GA 30367-2302 Phone: (404) 347-4416  Regions IX and X 71 Stevenson Street P.O. Box 193766 San Francisco, CA 94119-3766 Phone: (415) 744-6600   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  OKLAHOMA  Region II ARKANSAS  MEXICO  FAlanu TEXAS  Region VI  GEORGIA  RJERTO RICO * • O Lv  /  US VIRGIN ISLANDS
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