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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Philadelphia–Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ–DE–MD, Consolidated Metropolitan Area, November 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-46  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a November 1996 survey of occupational pay in the Philadelphia–Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ– DE–MD Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area, which combines the Philadelphia, PA–NJ, the Wilmington-Newark, DE–MD, the Atlantic– Cape May, NJ, and the Vineland–Millville–Bridgeton, NJ Primary Metropolitan Statistical Areas. A bulletin providing results of the survey for only the Philadelphia, PA–NJ Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area has been published as Bulletin 3085-45. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Philadelphia, under the direction of John W. Filemyr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation. For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Philadelphia Regional Office at (215) 596-1154. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Room 4175, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Philadelphia–Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ–DE–MD, Consolidated Metropolitan Area, November 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Alexis M. Herman, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner May 1997 Bulletin 3085-46  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ..............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Tables: A-7.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ...................................................................  22  A-8.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  24  3  A-9.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  service occupations ...................................................................  8  A-10.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ..............................  10  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  All establishments: A-1.  Weekly hours and pay of professional and  A-2.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective  administrative occupations .........................................................  occupations ................................................................................ occupations ................................................................................  occupations ................................................................................  15 Appendixes:  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations .........................................................  28  13  Establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-6.  occupations ................................................................................  26  17  A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Introduction  households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  This survey of occupational pay in the Philadelphia–Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ–DE–MD Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties, PA; Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties, NJ; New Castle County, DE; and Cecil County, MD) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. However, no benefits data were collected for this survey. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Tables A-6 through A-10 include similar information, but are limited to establishments employing 500 workers or more. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  307 283 243  38.4 38.5 38.3  $525 528 513  $522 525 510  $475 481 475  – – –  $577 577 554  1 1 2  35 33 37  52 54 58  11 11 3  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,585 1,449 544 510 905 136  39.0 39.2 39.8 39.8 38.9 37.1  650 653 672 677 641 624  647 651 672 672 638 630  577 577 595 625 577 591  – – – – – –  719 721 731 732 698 653  – – – – – –  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 2 3  31 31 25 22 34 32  39 38 36 36 40 49  20 21 25 27 19 14  7 7 12 12 4 1  2 2 2 2 2 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,824 1,622 459 375 1,163 67 202  38.9 39.2 39.9 39.9 39.0 38.6 36.6  816 818 872 889 797 832 800  808 808 875 898 771 801 760  731 748 802 813 723 735 698  – – – – – – –  897 898 940 969 859 962 897  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 – –  20 17 6 2 21 19 44  28 30 19 21 34 9 14  29 28 36 30 25 43 33  15 17 28 34 12 22 2  6 7 8 10 6 6 –  1 1 3 4 – – 3  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) – 3  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  771 693 282 252 411 78  39.0 39.2 39.9 39.9 38.7 37.3  1,104 1,126 1,146 1,160 1,112 918  1,073 1,092 1,103 1,140 1,071 869  962 1,000 1,027 1,027 962 869  – – – – – –  1,250 1,295 1,295 1,297 1,288 972  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 2 1 2 2 8  7 3 1 2 4 46  21 20 4 1 31 29  25 26 43 40 15 10  13 14 15 16 14 6  15 16 14 15 18 –  10 12 17 19 8 –  4 5 4 5 5 –  1 1 – – 2 –  1 1 – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  117 102 92 92 15  39.4 39.7 39.8 39.8 37.3  1,423 1,463 1,473 1,473 1,151  1,438 1,456 1,472 1,472 1,211  1,306 1,375 1,385 1,385 980  – – – – –  1,558 1,566 1,566 1,566 1,282  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  4 – – – 33  3 2 2 2 7  2 1 1 1 7  15 10 7 7 53  12 14 15 15 –  32 37 36 36 –  14 16 17 17 –  15 17 17 17 –  3 4 4 4 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Accountants, Public Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  250 250 250  39.7 39.7 39.7  566 566 566  615 615 615  485 485 485  – – –  648 648 648  – – –  30 30 30  18 18 18  52 52 52  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  411 411 411  39.8 39.8 39.8  686 686 686  692 692 692  673 673 673  – – –  731 731 731  – – –  – – –  7 7 7  50 50 50  43 43 43  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  273 273 273  39.4 39.4 39.4  825 825 825  817 817 817  805 805 805  – – –  850 850 850  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 4 4  16 16 16  63 63 63  16 16 16  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  194 194 194  39.9 39.9 39.9  1,028 1,028 1,028  1,019 1,019 1,019  933 933 933  – – –  1,150 1,150 1,150  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 1  13 13 13  31 31 31  23 23 23  15 15 15  15 15 15  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 and over  Attorneys Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  116 116  35.9 35.9  $644 644  $606 606  $568 568  – –  $698 698  – –  – –  48 48  34 34  8 8  10 10  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  104 85  36.7 36.4  924 852  819 813  802 801  – –  938 851  – –  – –  – –  – –  21 25  48 58  8 7  3 2  2 2  6 6  9 –  4 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  429 93  38.0 37.9  1,281 1,088  1,279 1,071  1,170 1,011  – –  1,385 1,173  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 25  6 29  17 30  24 15  20 1  10 –  9 –  4 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  277 233 144 44  39.0 39.3 38.9 37.5  1,697 1,750 1,588 1,417  1,597 1,635 1,592 1,438  1,490 1,547 1,490 1,368  – – – –  1,911 2,017 1,633 1,497  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 2  2 ( 3) 1 9  1 ( 3) 1 5  10 9 15 11  17 9 14 59  25 28 42 7  8 9 8 7  9 11 6 –  3 4 6 –  3 4 3 –  16 19 3 –  5 6 1 –  1 2 – –  – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  134 127  39.9 40.0  1,901 1,909  1,785 1,801  1,719 1,719  – –  2,089 2,115  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  24 24  26 25  23 24  1 1  6 6  8 9  2 2  9 9  Engineers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  836 799 480 470 37  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 37.7  666 668 706 709 616  685 685 692 695 625  596 596 685 685 569  – – – – –  726 728 740 740 659  – – – – –  8 8 – – 22  20 20 7 5 19  33 33 44 45 41  34 34 42 43 16  4 5 7 7 3  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,374 1,200 988 958 212 174  39.6 39.8 39.8 39.8 40.0 38.1  817 826 836 837 778 754  802 808 824 825 735 759  735 738 762 769 693 680  – – – – – –  877 885 885 888 882 811  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 3  11 8 3 3 28 33  38 39 39 38 40 30  31 32 36 36 16 26  14 15 16 17 9 5  3 3 3 4 4 2  2 2 2 2 3 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  3,702 3,470 2,896 2,866 574 232  39.8 39.9 39.9 39.9 40.0 38.0  1,026 1,035 1,043 1,043 991 895  1,006 1,020 1,024 1,023 1,006 866  892 900 906 904 871 827  – – – – – –  1,139 1,145 1,162 1,165 1,080 967  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 2 2 2 1 2  8 7 7 7 7 13  17 15 13 14 24 42  21 21 22 22 16 29  22 23 21 20 30 9  14 14 14 14 14 5  9 9 10 10 6 ( 3)  5 5 6 6 2 –  4 4 5 5 – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  3,669 3,473 2,678 2,564 795 196  39.8 39.9 39.9 39.9 40.0 38.2  1,210 1,218 1,210 1,213 1,247 1,069  1,200 1,212 1,207 1,210 1,225 1,049  1,068 1,079 1,068 1,071 1,154 1,049  – – – – – –  1,332 1,338 1,333 1,338 1,379 1,124  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  2 3 3 3 – 2  11 10 11 10 7 17  18 16 18 18 11 56  18 19 16 16 26 15  19 19 19 20 19 8  17 18 20 19 12 1  8 9 6 6 17 2  4 4 4 4 5 –  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  1 1 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  2,216 2,155 1,752 1,722 403  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,464 1,470 1,497 1,500 1,351  1,454 1,468 1,488 1,495 1,310  1,333 1,348 1,378 1,378 1,160  – – – – –  1,613 1,615 1,636 1,637 1,520  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 3 1 1 15  9 8 6 6 16  9 8 5 5 18  18 18 20 20 9  18 18 19 19 14  16 16 17 18 10  14 14 16 16 9  10 10 12 12 2  2 2 2 2 –  1 1 1 1 2  1 1 ( 3) 3 ( ) 3  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 and over  – $1,986 – 1,986  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  9 9  8 8  9 9  3 3  9 9  9 9  16 16  13 13  15 15  7 7  1 1  1 1  Middle range  Level VI: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  632 632  40.0 40.0  $1,773 1,773  $1,821 1,821  $1,463 1,463  Level VII .................................................... Private industry .....................................  141 141  40.0 40.0  2,112 2,112  1,731 1,731  1,731 1,731  – –  2,538 2,538  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 6  – –  9 9  42 42  1 1  1 1  7 7  8 8  6 6  Budget Analysts Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  179 120 76 59  38.6 39.3 38.8 37.3  641 667 644 588  625 666 – 574  574 585 – 505  – – – –  737 737 – 622  – – – –  3 5 8 –  40 29 33 63  29 27 30 32  21 31 28 2  6 7 1 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III .....................................................  59  37.3  839  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15  20  39  2  24  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level IV: State and local government ..................  34  37.9  985  1,007  921  –  1,049  –  –  –  –  3  –  47  50  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............  126 121 61 60  38.8 38.9 40.0 37.7  567 565 585 544  548 548 – –  506 506 – –  – – – –  592 592 – –  – – – –  16 17 33 –  63 64 41 88  10 7 3 12  10 11 21 –  1 1 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  772 690 329 319 361 82  39.1 39.5 39.7 39.7 39.2 36.2  679 672 709 707 638 742  673 660 691 691 613 784  596 596 645 645 567 714  – – – – – –  765 721 773 769 680 784  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  28 30 16 17 43 12  36 39 39 40 39 12  20 15 22 19 9 60  16 16 23 24 9 16  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  296 268 210 210 58 28  39.3 39.5 39.4 39.4 40.0 36.9  910 918 941 941 835 833  916 916 916 916 – 864  827 836 886 886 – 781  – – – – – –  998 1,024 1,035 1,035 – 885  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4 3 – – 14 11  10 9 6 6 22 21  29 27 21 21 50 46  33 34 43 43 – 21  18 19 25 25 – –  6 7 5 5 14 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Computer Programmers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  351 341 332  39.0 39.0 39.0  569 568 568  538 538 538  524 519 526  – – –  620 620 620  – – –  9 9 9  52 52 52  38 38 39  1 1 ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  875 849 666 26  39.1 39.2 38.9 38.3  673 674 645 661  672 673 654 –  589 589 583 –  – – – –  739 741 690 –  – – – –  2 2 2 –  26 27 33 12  38 38 45 54  22 21 14 31  10 10 3 –  2 2 2 4  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  21 21  4  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 and over  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,534 1,478 197 191 1,281 45 56  39.1 39.2 39.8 39.8 39.1 38.9 36.2  $798 800 868 872 789 779 743  $779 785 874 874 769 765 752  $731 731 771 771 723 743 637  – – – – – – –  $865 865 915 921 848 788 798  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) – –  2 2 – – 2 – –  15 14 2 – 16 – 38  37 37 25 26 38 89 39  31 32 41 42 31 9 11  12 12 29 29 10 – 13  1 1 2 2 ( 3) – –  2 2 2 2 2 2 –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  729 699 697  39.8 39.9 39.9  983 988 988  973 979 977  865 870 870  – – –  1,083 1,087 1,087  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – –  8 7 7  22 23 23  24 23 24  24 25 25  13 13 13  6 6 6  2 2 2  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  469 429 360 40  39.1 39.1 39.0 38.4  831 840 840 736  804 815 808 735  747 750 747 662  – – – –  899 904 909 799  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 7  9 7 8 30  36 36 37 38  28 28 25 25  13 14 15 –  7 8 8 –  4 4 5 –  1 1 1 –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,958 1,836 602 597 1,234 122  39.0 39.1 39.9 39.9 38.8 37.5  983 989 991 993 988 888  987 990 987 987 990 901  911 922 925 925 904 818  – – – – – –  1,058 1,058 1,058 1,058 1,058 921  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 5  7 6 4 4 7 20  14 14 8 8 17 16  33 32 43 43 27 41  32 33 32 32 33 17  11 12 11 11 12 1  2 3 1 1 3 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,881 1,829 702 702 1,127 52  39.5 39.5 40.0 40.0 39.3 37.2  1,121 1,123 1,144 1,144 1,110 1,048  1,125 1,130 1,142 1,142 1,112 1,049  1,036 1,035 1,081 1,081 1,000 1,049  – – – – – –  1,221 1,223 1,231 1,231 1,213 1,049  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 1 1 1 2  4 4 2 2 5 10  11 11 6 6 15 6  27 25 24 24 27 67  27 28 32 32 26 4  24 24 30 30 20 12  6 6 5 5 6 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  538 538  38.9 38.9  1,327 1,327  1,332 1,332  1,210 1,210  – –  1,432 1,432  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  9 9  7 7  27 27  22 22  19 19  10 10  5 5  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  194 167 27  39.4 39.9 36.3  1,244 1,254 1,184  1,230 1,235 1,200  1,135 1,140 1,124  – – –  1,336 1,360 1,336  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 4  1 1 –  2 – 11  9 10 –  27 24 44  28 32 –  14 10 41  15 18 –  2 2 –  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  423 423 76 76 347  39.1 39.1 39.9 39.9 39.0  1,412 1,412 1,469 1,469 1,400  1,381 1,381 – – 1,385  1,306 1,306 – – 1,300  – – – – –  1,490 1,490 – – 1,490  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 2 1 1 2  4 4 1 1 4  17 17 13 13 18  36 36 45 45 34  17 17 7 7 19  10 10 1 1 12  10 10 11 11 10  1 1 5 5 –  1 1 5 5 –  1 1 5 5 –  1 1 5 5 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 and over  Personnel Specialists Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  860 792 173 171 619 31 68  39.0 39.2 39.3 39.3 39.1 37.1 37.2  $638 631 711 712 609 685 720  $630 624 712 712 606 – 698  $573 567 654 659 548 – 652  – – – – – – –  $692 690 808 808 645 – 838  – – – – – – –  8 8 2 2 10 – 4  30 31 15 14 36 6 13  38 39 24 25 43 39 34  16 16 31 31 12 55 13  8 6 27 27 ( 3) – 32  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – – 3  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,165 995 283 273 712 170  38.6 38.9 39.8 39.7 38.6 36.5  796 801 829 827 790 768  788 792 800 800 792 735  708 712 731 731 696 698  – – – – – –  883 891 962 962 871 827  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4 4 ( 3) ( 3) 5 6  20 20 19 19 21 21  30 29 29 30 29 37  23 24 19 16 26 18  16 15 19 20 14 16  5 6 8 8 5 1  1 1 5 5 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  603 521 135 135 386 82  39.0 39.2 39.9 39.9 39.0 37.6  1,030 1,029 1,132 1,132 993 1,042  1,029 1,029 1,177 1,177 1,019 1,049  910 904 1,058 1,058 889 981  – – – – – –  1,143 1,143 1,192 1,192 1,090 1,100  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  6 7 – – 9 –  13 14 – – 19 4  19 18 20 20 18 24  31 29 23 23 31 46  22 22 43 43 15 21  6 7 8 8 6 5  3 3 4 4 3 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  241 231 135 125 96  39.8 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8  1,389 1,386 1,410 1,389 1,350  1,371 1,366 1,371 1,365 1,337  1,250 1,250 1,248 1,246 1,260  – – – – –  1,588 1,561 1,592 1,549 1,464  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  7 7 6 6 9  2 3 – – 6  6 5 7 7 3  18 19 25 27 10  20 20 17 18 25  16 17 11 12 25  6 6 10 10 –  19 18 16 9 21  – – – – –  5 5 9 10 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  67 67  40.0 40.0  1,547 1,547  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  22 22  9 9  4 4  18 18  3 3  27 27  3 3  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level II ......................................................  120  38.1  1,345  1,277  1,216  –  1,500  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  10  13  30  10  2  27  3  1  3  1  –  –  –  –  Tax Collectors Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  196 196  37.5 37.5  571 571  533 533  533 533  – –  533 533  – –  1 1  81 81  4 4  11 11  2 2  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3  Less than 0.5 percent. Workers were distributed as follows: 4 percent at $2,600 and under $2,800; 4 percent at $2,800 and under $3,000; 4 percent at $3,000 and under $3,200; 4 percent at $3,200 and under $3,400; and 4 percent at $3,400 and under $3,600. 4  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  7  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 and over  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  825 736 111 107 625 89  38.6 39.0 39.6 39.6 38.9 35.8  $455 448 476 477 443 519  $448 425 452 422 425 520  $412 400 422 422 388 515  – – – – – –  $519 497 544 544 497 535  1 1 – – 1 –  3 3 – – 3 –  11 12 – – 14 –  6 6 – – 7 1  25 27 50 51 24 3  7 8 – – 9 1  5 6 5 1 6 4  12 13 11 11 13 11  11 6 1 1 7 52  11 11 11 11 11 8  8 7 20 21 5 16  1 1 4 4 3 ( ) 3  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  515 386 61 61 325 129  38.4 38.8 39.1 39.1 38.8 37.1  599 602 654 654 592 590  615 615 – – 604 593  550 550 – – 550 551  – – – – – –  654 652 – – 635 667  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 1 – – 1 5  4 6 – – 7 –  3 3 3 3 3 3  3 4 – – 5 –  2 – – – – 9  5 5 – – 6 4  26 24 11 11 27 31  26 30 34 34 30 12  20 15 31 31 12 35  6 9 3 3 10 –  2 2 13 13 ( 3) –  – – – – – –  ( 3) 1 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV .....................................................  51  38.3  654  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  –  –  –  31  6  31  12  4  8  –  –  –  –  –  Drafters Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............  287 280 178 102  39.7 39.7 39.6 40.0  568 566 575 551  580 580 587 529  529 529 556 494  – – – –  620 620 620 600  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 5 – 14  4 4 7 –  5 5 7 2  4 4 – 11  3 3 – 9  15 15 8 27  27 27 43 –  28 26 29 21  4 4 7 –  6 6 – 17  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  455 444 415 415 11  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 35.0  643 644 643 643 607  636 643 652 652 –  596 597 597 597 –  – – – – –  702 702 702 702 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 1 1 1 9  1 1 1 1 –  1 1 1 1 –  22 22 22 22 36  24 24 24 24 27  22 22 22 22 27  25 26 27 27 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  2 2 2 2 –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  82 79 71 71  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  881 889 907 907  919 – – –  842 – – –  – – – –  919 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9 5 – –  9 9 4 4  2 3 3 3  20 20 23 23  5 5 6 6  34 35 39 39  7 8 8 8  15 15 17 17  – – – –  Engineering Technicians Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  463 453 210 210  39.9 40.0 39.9 39.9  693 694 767 767  686 686 788 788  610 610 686 686  – – – –  804 804 831 831  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 5 – –  3  9 9 ( ) ( 3)  2 2 – –  8 8 – –  16 15 14 14  14 15 21 21  12 12 6 6  7 6 10 10  16 16 25 25  9 9 20 20  3 3 2 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  885 878 386 386 492  39.8 39.8 39.6 39.6 40.0  837 838 799 799 868  833 833 782 782 856  743 743 743 743 756  – – – – –  936 936 867 867 1,000  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 1  8 8 1 1 14  6 6 9 9 3  15 15 27 27 5  14 14 20 20 9  16 16 17 17 15  6 6 4 4 7  13 13 19 19 9  6 6 2 2 10  14 14 1 1 24  2 2 – – 3  See footnotes at end of table.  8  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 and over  – $1,102 – 1,102 – 963 – 963 – 1,120  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3)  3 3 12 12 1  6 6 2 2 7  4 3 3 3 3  4 4 8 8 4  12 12 30 30 8  18 18 32 32 15  26 27 9 9 30  27 27 3 3 4 32  Middle range  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  883 878 148 148 730  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,009 1,010 918 918 1,029  $1,019 1,020 904 904 1,044  $924 929 891 891 952  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  93 83  38.0 37.8  452 458  472 472  424 446  – –  485 485  – –  – –  6 7  14 10  6 1  6 7  26 29  40 45  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  107 103  36.9 36.8  538 539  553 553  503 503  – –  580 580  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  7 7  7 7  5 5  11 10  14 14  49 50  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  216 200  37.4 37.2  585 579  597 594  512 499  – –  642 642  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 5  18 19  4 4  3 3  23 22  36 37  10 8  1 1  ( 3) –  – –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  82 70  38.3 38.0  723 721  731 747  712 698  – –  755 755  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  2 3  2 3  15 17  30 24  45 47  2 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V ...................................................... State and local government ..................  85 29  39.3 37.8  832 870  858 891  764 812  – –  860 936  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 3  – –  19 –  13 10  14 28  34 17  19 41  – –  – –  – –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  5,678 5,678  40.0 40.0  612 612  569 569  517 517  – –  650 650  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  3 3  7 7  4 4  10 10  5 5  31 31  8 8  3 3  4 4  1 1  5 5  2 2  11 11  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  2,720 2,716  44.6 44.6  757 757  684 684  684 684  – –  884 884  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  3 3  5 5  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  52 52  – –  1 1  – –  12 12  8 8  7 7  7 7  1 1  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  9,487 9,427  40.2 40.2  744 744  711 711  661 661  – –  785 785  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  6 6  7 7  7 7  9 9  38 38  6 6  2 2  8 8  3 3  3 3  3 3  6 6  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3  Less than 0.5 percent. 4 Workers were distributed as follows: 25 percent at $1,100 and under $1,200; 6 percent at $1,200 and under $1,300; and 1 percent at $1,300 and under $1,400. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  9  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  Clerks, Accounting Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  182 181 180  39.0 39.0 39.0  $336 336 336  $330 330 330  $317 317 317  – – –  $360 360 360  – – –  – – –  12 12 12  – – –  1 1 1  25 25 24  25 25 25  18 18 18  8 7 7  13 13 13  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  3,746 3,355 813 688 2,542 391  38.5 38.7 39.5 39.4 38.4 37.1  423 421 432 437 417 445  420 420 427 436 419 433  381 381 400 408 370 373  – – – – – –  450 446 447 458 446 473  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  4 4 – – 6 –  6 7 2 2 9 1  12 11 4 2 13 24  9 9 15 15 7 13  43 45 55 53 42 25  14 14 17 19 13 16  6 6 4 5 7 6  2 1 – – 2 3  2 1 1 1 1 11  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 ( 3) 3 ( )  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,097 1,630 593 1,037 467  38.7 39.2 39.8 38.9 37.1  484 479 518 457 500  483 474 504 467 500  425 423 423 425 460  – – – – –  527 521 581 496 528  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 3 – 4 –  1 2 – 3 ( 3)  1 1 – 2 2  7 9 7 10 2  20 21 22 20 18  25 29 14 37 13  26 19 16 21 48  10 12 27 3 5  3 1 4 – 10  3 3 10 – 2  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  309 281 146 146 135 28  39.5 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.7 35.9  586 591 635 635 543 538  591 596 644 644 540 –  517 540 621 621 488 –  – – – – – –  644 644 644 644 586 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  19 21 – – 44 –  11 5 – – 10 75  28 28 17 17 40 21  37 40 77 77 – –  2 2 – – 4 4  2 2 3 3 – –  2 2 2 2 2 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Clerks, General Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  99 87  39.7 40.0  316 308  322 280  280 280  – –  361 361  – –  – –  3 3  17 20  28 32  3 1  20 16  24 28  – –  1 –  3 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries: Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,312 1,332  38.0 38.4  378 351  375 349  335 306  – –  425 391  – –  – –  3 6  5 8  3 5  10 16  9 14  18 17  16 12  20 15  7 2  7 5  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  198 1,039 33 980  39.7 38.0 38.4 37.4  409 336 400 416  389 336 – 408  329 300 – 369  – – – –  446 369 – 455  – – – –  – – – –  – 8 – –  – 11 – 1  – 6 – 1  16 18 – 2  13 16 27 3  5 19 – 19  24 10 – 22  18 9 55 25  – 2 6 14  23 2 12 11  – – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  3,462 2,107 250 230 1,857 187 1,355  37.5 38.0 39.9 39.9 37.8 40.0 36.7  423 402 471 457 392 414 456  411 394 449 449 385 430 447  375 349 413 410 340 314 403  – – – – – – –  462 444 483 462 432 456 498  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 – 3 ( )  13 18 – – 21 28 5  5 7 5 5 7 2 4  6 8 10 11 8 – 2  16 17 2 2 20 14 13  29 27 34 37 26 17 32  17 17 28 30 15 29 19  5 3 3 3 3 – 9  3 1 2 2 1 6 7  2 2 13 5 ( 3) 4 2  3 ( 3) 2 2 – – 6  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 3 3 – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,305 1,055 111 111 944 250  38.3 38.5 40.0 40.0 38.3 37.7  513 492 601 601 479 602  485 478 573 573 466 638  419 416 563 563 403 474  – – – – – –  638 569 655 655 546 718  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  8 10 – – 11 –  4 4 – – 4 2  4 4 – – 4 6  20 22 3 3 24 15  18 18 5 5 19 18  10 13 11 11 13 2  9 11 46 46 7 2  15 16 5 5 17 10  4 2 14 14 – 16  4 1 5 5 – 19  2 1 11 11 – 3  2 – – – – 8  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  10  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  Clerks, Order Level I: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  295 295  39.2 39.2  $424 424  $437 437  $413 413  – –  $450 450  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  22 22  – –  48 48  28 28  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,717 1,632 162 162 1,470 85  39.0 39.2 39.6 39.6 39.1 35.3  357 355 378 378 353 399  333 333 380 380 332 412  304 304 328 328 304 305  – – – – – –  409 405 405 405 405 496  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 1  18 17 – – 19 22  22 23 20 20 23 4  16 17 12 12 17 7  6 6 2 2 6 7  7 8 21 21 6 –  24 24 43 43 22 25  6 4 – – 5 31  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) 4  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  815 699 450 116  38.3 38.7 37.9 36.1  440 440 454 440  433 435 461 418  400 400 417 382  – – – –  485 487 490 485  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  3 4 1 –  12 11 7 16  12 9 3 28  30 31 37 22  28 30 32 14  12 13 16 7  3 2 3 8  1 – – 6  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  147 56 91  37.1 37.5 36.9  463 441 476  455 – 500  430 – 387  – – –  512 – 546  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  8 21 –  2 2 2  14 – 23  19 29 13  17 36 5  35 5 54  4 7 2  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  136 88 48  38.0 39.4 35.6  537 508 591  511 510 592  493 483 535  – – –  592 528 642  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  9 11 4  5 7 2  18 25 4  35 43 21  13 – 35  8 7 10  6 6 6  7 1 17  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  747 443 110 102 333 304  38.5 38.6 40.0 40.0 38.1 38.5  441 436 403 405 447 447  437 437 379 379 448 425  378 379 378 378 410 371  – – – – – –  496 481 431 431 492 523  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  6 2 – – 3 10  1 2 – – 2 –  14 9 4 – 10 21  11 16 49 53 5 4  27 33 40 39 30 19  17 27 7 8 34 2  20 8 – – 11 37  2 2 – – 3 1  2 – – – – 5  1 1 – – 2 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  3,815 3,234 387 363 2,847 581  38.1 38.3 39.4 39.3 38.1 37.3  472 470 540 544 461 482  473 474 547 557 465 469  424 423 497 504 413 426  – – – – – –  522 522 579 579 510 526  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 3 – – 3 –  4 5 – – 5 1  6 7 – – 8 3  5 5 – – 5 8  20 18 8 8 20 31  27 28 18 16 29 26  18 20 24 24 19 8  12 12 36 38 9 13  3 3 9 10 2 6  1 1 3 3 ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  5,638 4,416 959 956 3,457 53 1,222  38.4 38.9 39.9 39.9 38.6 37.7 36.7  570 568 624 624 552 538 576  568 562 634 634 553 523 584  510 510 560 560 500 515 503  – – – – – – –  627 626 686 687 602 562 627  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  1 2 – – 2 – –  1 1 – – 1 – 1  5 5 2 2 6 23 3  15 13 5 5 15 – 21  20 22 16 15 24 45 11  23 22 14 14 24 15 25  19 17 23 23 15 6 28  10 11 19 19 9 6 6  5 5 18 18 2 2 3  2 2 3 3 1 4 2  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – 1  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  11  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,934 1,643 863 863 780 291  39.1 39.5 39.9 39.9 39.1 36.4  $664 670 657 657 683 635  $644 646 631 631 673 637  $594 596 581 581 615 555  – – – – – –  $738 751 729 729 800 682  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  1 1 – – 2 2  8 9 8 8 9 5  18 16 26 26 5 27  24 25 23 23 26 19  18 15 13 13 17 34  8 9 11 11 6 3  14 15 8 8 23 5  8 9 10 10 8 3  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  431 416 281  39.1 39.1 38.8  757 757 781  748 748 769  681 675 714  – – –  827 833 863  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  8 9 7  7 7 1  20 20 11  17 16 22  14 15 19  23 23 28  9 9 11  1 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) –  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ...............  2,375 2,197 480 412 1,717 74  39.0 39.2 39.8 39.8 39.0 40.4  392 389 404 409 385 374  397 396 415 420 393 384  342 340 356 375 336 359  – – – – – –  434 432 436 447 432 428  2 2 – – 2 –  2 2 – – 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 2 –  5 5 1 – 7 22  7 7 6 6 7 –  11 12 10 12 13 3  11 11 15 7 10 22  11 12 7 8 13 27  30 29 40 42 26 18  11 11 15 17 10 9  9 7 7 8 7 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Word Processors Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  202 199 199  38.5 38.5 38.5  416 415 415  425 425 425  380 380 380  – – –  462 462 462  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 2  – – –  – – –  – – –  21 21 21  14 14 14  31 31 31  32 31 31  ( 3) 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  421 217 211 204  37.3 37.4 37.3 37.2  465 475 473 455  447 468 468 447  422 423 423 414  – – – –  517 539 539 450  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  2 1 1 3  56 41 42 73  15 23 24 7  17 25 24 9  6 8 8 5  2 1 ( 3) 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  379 193  37.0 37.8  553 484  485 485  472 472  – –  635 485  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  8 8  45 84  4 1  2 –  20 4  4 3  11 –  5 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  12  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 7.00 and under 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $13.95 – 13.50 – 14.19 – 15.12 – 12.90 – 15.00  2 2 – – 3 –  – – – – – –  3 3 – – 4 –  4 5 – – 6 ( 2)  6 7 – – 9 ( 2)  4 4 4 5 4 ( 2)  5 6 – – 7 ( 2)  11 12 1 1 15 3  12 14 16 13 13 2  7 8 7 7 8 1  11 10 23 24 7 14  12 12 12 12 12 11  10 5 12 13 4 37  9 8 11 11 8 15  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – –  3 3 13 14 1 –  1 ( 2) – – ( 2) 5  2 ( 2) – – ( 2) 11  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,208 1,910 373 355 1,537 298  $12.16 11.77 13.44 13.54 11.36 14.70  $11.75 11.26 12.50 13.50 11.00 14.43  $10.50 10.33 11.63 11.97 9.83 13.54  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,251 1,844 1,247 1,247 597 407  18.47 18.62 18.92 18.92 17.98 17.82  18.27 18.30 18.45 18.45 17.44 18.20  16.58 16.65 16.77 16.77 16.06 15.89  – – – – – –  20.86 21.68 21.68 21.68 18.92 19.58  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – 1  – – – – – –  1 1 ( 2) 2 ( ) 3 ( 2)  5 6 7 7 4 1  3 1 1 1 2 9  8 7 3 3 15 15  13 14 15 15 13 8  13 15 7 7 30 7  14 14 17 17 10 14  11 4 4 4 4 44  8 10 14 14 2 –  17 20 29 29 3 ( 2)  4 5 2 2 11 –  – – – – – –  1 2 ( 2) 2 ( ) 5 –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  3,215 3,034 355 355 2,679 1,587 181  19.00 19.11 17.37 17.37 19.34 21.48 17.14  20.86 21.15 17.30 17.30 21.15 21.24 18.20  16.50 16.50 14.06 14.06 16.84 21.15 17.11  – – – – – – –  21.24 21.24 20.86 20.86 21.24 22.12 18.20  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – – –  – – – – – – –  1 1 2 2 1 – –  5 5 9 9 4 ( 2) 6  5 5 8 8 4 ( 2) 1  7 7 14 14 5 ( 2) 10  5 4 7 7 4 – 7  6 6 1 1 7 – 1  6 5 9 9 5 – 13  8 4 – – 5 1 63  5 5 14 14 4 – –  5 5 34 34 1 – –  32 34 ( 2) ( 2) 38 64 –  17 18 – – 21 35 –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  819 259  19.08 18.07  18.97 18.50  17.69 16.52  – –  20.41 18.97  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 –  2 2  5 4  9 20  6 5  28 59  14 8  14 ( 2)  5 –  4 –  4 –  5 –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  995 922 914 914 73  18.41 18.46 18.49 18.49 17.77  18.30 18.30 18.30 18.30 18.20  16.72 16.72 16.72 16.72 18.20  – – – – –  20.86 20.86 20.86 20.86 18.20  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 1 1 3  14 14 14 14 15  3 3 2 2 –  10 11 11 11 1  10 11 11 11 1  15 12 12 12 63  1 – – – 16  33 36 36 36 –  10 11 11 11 –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  3,647 3,520 3,181 3,169 339  16.87 16.92 16.87 16.88 17.37  16.65 16.65 16.70 16.70 16.35  15.00 15.03 15.00 15.00 15.14  – – – – –  18.39 18.39 18.39 18.39 18.75  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 1  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  5 5 5 5 1  4 3 3 2 9  14 13 14 14 –  8 9 6 6 29  27 28 29 29 14  10 10 10 10 19  15 15 15 15 11  2 2 2 2 1  5 6 6 6 2  1 1 1 1 –  6 6 6 6 6  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 – – 7  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  1,906 1,008 154 137 854 733 898  16.33 16.13 17.33 17.59 15.91 15.70 16.57  15.90 15.00 18.10 18.50 15.00 14.64 17.11  13.93 12.95 13.88 14.00 12.95 12.75 14.82  – – – – – – –  18.20 19.40 20.86 20.86 18.10 17.75 18.20  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – – ( 2)  – – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – – 1  3 5 4 4 5 6 1  5 8 – – 10 12 1  7 13 10 11 14 14 1  9 9 12 7 8 10 10  14 9 5 5 9 11 19  13 17 6 7 19 16 8  6 4 4 4 4 3 9  10 6 8 7 5 5 16  13 4 8 9 3 2 23  11 9 16 18 8 8 13  2 5 9 9 4 2 –  1 3 18 20 – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) ( 2) –  2 3 – – 4 4 –  4 7 – – 8 9 –  Maintenance Pipefitters ............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  323 295 295 295  19.33 19.75 19.75 19.75  20.23 20.23 20.23 20.23  18.06 18.09 18.09 18.09  – – – –  21.36 21.36 21.36 21.36  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 – – –  7 – – –  3 3 3 3  5 5 5 5  2 2 2 2  25 27 27 27  1 1 1 1  22 24 24 24  35 39 39 39  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  13  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  Number of workers  590 579 579 579  Mean  Median  $18.27 18.27 18.27 18.27  $18.40 18.40 18.40 18.40  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  $15.78 15.78 15.78 15.78  – $20.86 – 20.86 – 20.86 – 20.86  7.00 and under 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 over  – – – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  – – – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  10 10 10 10  – – – –  1 1 1 1  23 23 23 23  5 5 5 5  – – – –  21 19 19 19  3 3 3 3  17 18 18 18  15 15 15 15  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  3 3 3 3  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  14  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.75 and under 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $13.15 – 13.15 – 12.71 – 12.71 – 13.15  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 1  1 1 – – 1  4 4 1 1 7  11 11 13 13 8  28 28 55 55 2  28 28 7 7 48  13 13 8 8 19  8 8 6 6 9  5 5 7 7 4  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2)  – – – – –  1 1 1 1 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  6.75 6.70 9.45 9.45 6.53 9.85  – – – – – –  8.75 8.51 13.86 14.10 8.50 13.35  1 1 – – 1 –  2 2 – – 2 –  7 7 – – 8 –  11 11 – – 12 –  9 9 – – 9 –  13 13 – – 13 –  11 11 – – 11 –  18 18 16 11 18 2  7 7 1 1 7 7  5 5 22 21 4 11  2 2 – – 2 9  5 4 6 7 4 17  4 4 5 6 4 13  2 2 18 20 2 13  1 1 7 7 1 10  1 1 19 22 1 2  ( 2) ( 2) 2 3 ( 2) 4  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) – 2  ( 2) ( 2) 2 2 ( 2) 2  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) – 8  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  12.51 10.20 12.51  9.89 9.87 11.49  – – –  13.27 13.85 12.68  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 6 ( 2)  3 – 6  1 – 3  2 2 1  21 34 4  11 19 –  7 – 17  24 – 57  20 27 11  – – –  4 7 –  2 3 –  – – –  1 2 –  ( 2) 1 –  – – –  – – –  9.01 8.34 11.55 11.56 8.20 12.13 12.09  8.53 7.92 11.77 11.77 7.82 13.73 12.47  6.50 6.26 9.66 9.66 6.25 6.00 10.65  – – – – – – –  11.25 10.10 13.30 13.30 9.63 14.38 13.29  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) – –  5 6 4 4 6 – –  5 7 2 2 7 – –  12 14 – – 15 30 –  7 8 2 2 9 – ( 2)  6 7 – – 7 – 1  9 10 2 2 10 – 3  5 5 4 3 6 – 6  5 6 4 4 6 – 5  5 5 7 7 5 – 3  5 6 7 7 6 – 4  8 8 14 14 8 – 10  9 9 7 7 9 – 10  8 4 13 13 4 – 24  6 3 20 20 3 38 19  1 ( 2) 1 1 ( 2) 12 4  2 ( 2) 2 2 ( 2) 6 9  1 ( 2) 9 9 ( 2) 4 1  ( 2) ( 2) 3 3 ( 2) 6 ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) 4 1  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  497 497 1,271  10.40 10.40 12.62  10.20 10.20 14.46  9.71 9.71 9.50  – – –  11.71 11.71 14.46  – – –  – – –  – – ( 2)  – – 1  5 5 ( 2)  – – 2  9 9 2  4 4 1  – – –  – – 1  31 31 19  7 7 3  25 25 4  17 17 –  2 2 7  – – 58  – – 1  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Order Fillers ................................................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................  4,862 4,862 4,812  11.74 11.74 11.75  14.46 14.46 14.46  7.70 7.70 7.55  – – –  14.46 14.46 14.46  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  3 3 3  7 7 7  4 4 4  4 4 4  9 9 9  2 2 2  1 1 1  2 2 2  3 3 3  2 2 2  3 3 2  2 2 2  1 1 1  58 58 58  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  2,115 2,100 852 852  10.66 10.63 12.50 12.50  10.40 10.40 11.95 11.95  8.25 8.25 10.71 10.71  – – – –  11.93 11.84 14.21 14.21  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 4 – –  4 4 – –  4 4 – –  2 2 – –  11 12 8 8  4 4 2 2  2  3 3 ( ) 2 ( )  3 3 4 4  34 34 26 26  7 7 13 13  2 2 3 3  6 6 13 13  8 8 14 14  1 1 2 2  5 4 11 11  1 1 1 1  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1  1 1 3 3  – – – –  – – – –  Truckdrivers Light Truck: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. State and local government ..................  250 59  11.20 14.57  12.25 14.77  9.50 11.25  – –  12.50 17.55  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  17 –  – –  – –  16 –  – –  16 36  51 –  – –  – 31  – –  – –  – 12  – 22  – –  – –  – –  Medium Truck ........................................... Private industry .....................................  2,136 2,136  16.23 16.23  16.29 16.29  15.43 15.43  – –  18.98 18.98  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  – –  1 1  – –  4 4  – –  5 5  8 8  4 4  19 19  27 27  1 1  16 16  2 2  12 12  ( 2) ( 2)  Mean  Median  3,249 3,249 1,603 1,603 1,646  $12.43 12.43 12.35 12.35 12.51  $12.52 12.52 11.98 11.98 12.52  $11.95 11.95 11.95 11.95 12.52  Guards Level I ....................................................... 14,031 Private industry ..................................... 13,664 Goods-producing industries .............. 299 Manufacturing ............................... 269 Service-producing industries ............ 13,365 State and local government .................. 367  8.03 7.92 11.55 11.90 7.84 12.03  7.70 7.50 11.98 12.24 7.50 11.23  531 304 227  11.72 11.56 11.95  Janitors ........................................................ 23,969 Private industry ......................................... 19,679 Goods-producing industries .................. 860 Manufacturing ................................... 859 Service-producing industries ................ 18,819 Transportation and utilities ............... 50 State and local government ...................... 4,290 Material Handling Laborers: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  Forklift Operators ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  Middle range  See footnotes at end of table.  15  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.75 and under 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $15.49 – 15.40 – 16.00 – 16.92  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  1 1 – –  5 6 4 3  12 15 9 2  20 15 22 31  12 14 10 5  13 17 10 4  20 19 17 22  13 8 27 26  ( 2) ( 2) – –  1 2 – –  1 1 – –  1 – – 3  1 – – 3  Middle range  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  Heavy Truck ............................................. Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. State and local government ..................  3,375 2,416 372 959  $14.05 13.69 13.97 14.94  $14.07 13.60 14.96 15.49  $12.51 12.05 12.01 12.51  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  5,434 5,383 722 610 4,661 1,077  13.38 13.37 13.46 13.12 13.35 14.40  12.50 12.40 12.40 12.29 12.50 14.05  11.90 11.90 12.03 12.03 11.90 13.50  – – – – – –  14.30 14.30 14.05 13.55 14.30 14.05  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 ( 2) 1  42 42 6 7 48 2  12 12 57 64 5 11  9 9 8 7 9 24  22 21 9 11 23 41  3 3 4 – 3 1  4 4 7 – 4 15  6 6 4 5 6 1  1 1 4 5 ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) 1  1 1 1 1 1 3  – – – – – –  Warehouse Specialists .............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ...............  2,765 2,672 1,303 1,303 1,369 122  14.16 14.23 14.81 14.81 13.68 17.37  13.89 13.89 13.98 13.98 13.89 18.17  12.03 12.03 12.03 12.03 12.10 17.54  – – – – – –  15.18 15.46 17.93 17.93 15.18 18.71  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  2 2 – – 3 –  2 2 2 2 2 –  1 1 1 1 2 –  1 1 1 1 ( 2) –  7 8 8 8 7 –  10 9 10 10 8 –  8 5 8 8 3 12  31 32 22 22 41 12  6 6 12 12 2 –  11 11 – – 21 –  1 1 – – 1 –  10 10 17 17 3 24  5 5 6 6 4 37  2 2 5 5 ( 2) 1  4 4 8 8 ( 2) 4  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1 3 10  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  3 Workers were distributed as follows: 4 percent at $21.00 and under $22.00; 4 percent at $22.00 and under $23.00; 1 percent at $25.00 and under $26.00; and 1 percent at $26.00 and under $27.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  16  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 2800  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  252 228 190  38.6 38.7 38.5  $535 540 522  $538 538 525  $483 498 481  – – –  $577 580 566  2 2 2  27 24 28  57 60 66  13 14 4  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  913 817 188 188 629 96  38.9 39.0 39.8 39.8 38.7 37.9  645 647 733 733 622 622  637 638 738 738 615 601  572 577 673 673 560 555  – – – – – –  692 690 808 808 662 694  – – – – – –  2 2 1 1 2 4  35 34 11 11 40 46  40 41 23 23 46 28  14 13 38 38 5 20  8 9 21 21 6 2  1 1 6 6 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  917 768 210 210 558 149  38.5 38.8 39.9 39.9 38.4 37.1  807 812 915 915 774 778  789 812 934 934 760 698  698 712 845 845 683 688  – – – – – –  885 893 985 985 838 855  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  26 21 2 2 28 54  24 25 10 10 31 19  27 29 29 29 30 17  13 15 39 39 6 1  6 7 18 18 3 –  1 1 2 2 – 5  1 – – – – 5  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  416 347 146 146 201 69  38.6 38.8 40.0 40.0 38.0 37.6  1,109 1,148 1,152 1,152 1,145 913  1,112 1,131 1,141 1,141 1,131 869  973 1,039 1,081 1,081 1,003 869  – – – – – –  1,235 1,258 1,258 1,258 1,242 983  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4 3 3 3 3 9  12 4 3 3 5 52  11 10 1 1 15 20  19 21 32 32 12 12  21 23 27 27 20 7  16 19 18 18 19 –  13 15 14 14 15 –  1 1 1 1 1 –  2 3 – – 5 –  1 1 – – 2 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  112 97 87 87 15  39.5 39.8 39.9 39.9 37.3  1,422 1,464 1,474 1,474 1,151  1,434 1,461 1,472 1,472 1,211  1,294 1,375 1,375 1,375 980  – – – – –  1,561 1,566 1,566 1,566 1,282  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  4 – – – 33  3 2 2 2 7  2 1 1 1 7  16 10 7 7 53  13 14 16 16 –  29 34 32 32 –  14 16 18 18 –  15 18 18 18 –  4 4 5 5 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Attorneys Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  99 85  36.7 36.4  902 852  818 813  801 801  – –  923 851  – –  – –  – –  – –  22 25  51 58  8 7  3 2  2 2  6 6  4 –  4 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III: State and local government ..................  93  37.9  1,088  1,071  1,011  –  1,173  –  –  –  –  –  –  25  29  30  15  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  255 211 122 44  39.0 39.2 38.7 37.5  1,712 1,774 1,599 1,417  1,597 1,658 1,596 1,438  1,490 1,592 1,490 1,368  – – – –  1,962 2,054 1,647 1,497  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 2  2 ( 3) 1 9  1 ( 3) 1 5  9 9 16 11  18 9 16 59  20 23 37 7  8 8 7 7  10 12 7 –  4 4 7 –  4 4 4 –  17 21 3 –  5 6 1 –  2 2 – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  17  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 2800  Engineers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  440 403 356 356 37  39.8 40.0 40.0 40.0 37.7  $718 727 725 725 616  $718 721 719 719 625  $685 685 685 685 569  – – – – –  $748 750 748 748 659  – – – – –  2 – – – 22  2 – – – 19  35 34 35 35 41  53 56 56 56 16  8 9 9 9 3  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  964 790 707 707 83 174  39.6 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 38.1  827 843 850 850 786 754  826 844 846 846 708 759  762 786 794 794 652 680  – – – – – –  886 899 900 900 887 811  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 – – – – 3  12 7 3 3 47 33  25 24 25 25 12 30  41 44 47 47 20 26  16 19 20 20 7 5  4 4 4 4 5 2  1 2 1 1 8 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,802 2,571 264 231  39.8 40.0 40.0 38.0  1,040 1,053 1,009 895  1,026 1,038 1,029 866  904 923 889 827  – – – –  1,155 1,166 1,120 967  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 1 2  8 7 5 13  14 12 26 42  20 19 10 29  22 23 24 9  15 16 25 5  8 9 5 ( 3)  6 6 3 –  5 5 – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  2,438 2,252 1,925 1,925 186  39.7 39.9 39.9 39.9 38.1  1,219 1,232 1,221 1,221 1,070  1,222 1,237 1,225 1,225 1,049  1,087 1,102 1,096 1,096 1,049  – – – – –  1,339 1,348 1,337 1,337 1,124  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  2 2 2 2 2  7 6 7 7 18  19 16 18 18 53  16 17 17 17 16  23 24 25 25 9  19 20 19 19 1  9 9 7 7 2  4 5 4 4 –  1 1 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  1,552 1,491 1,405 1,405  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,529 1,540 1,538 1,538  1,535 1,538 1,540 1,540  1,401 1,417 1,417 1,417  – – – –  1,650 1,655 1,651 1,651  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  3 1 1 1  6 5 5 5  14 15 15 15  19 20 20 20  21 22 22 22  18 19 19 19  13 14 14 14  2 2 2 2  1 1 1 1  1 1 ( 3) ( 3)  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  509 491 491 491  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,879 1,896 1,896 1,896  1,881 1,888 1,888 1,888  1,710 1,748 1,748 1,748  – – – –  2,025 2,033 2,033 2,033  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  3 1 1 1  4 3 3 3  4 4 4 4  11 12 12 12  11 11 11 11  19 20 20 20  16 16 16 16  19 20 20 20  8 9 9 9  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  Budget Analysts Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  147 88 50 59  38.3 39.0 38.2 37.3  630 658 636 588  622 665 – 574  568 577 – 505  – – – –  693 747 – 622  – – – –  4 7 12 –  40 25 24 63  35 38 46 32  17 27 16 2  3 3 2 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV: State and local government ..................  34  37.9  985  1,007  921  –  1,049  –  –  –  –  3  –  47  50  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  18  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 2800  – –  – –  59 62  19 15  20 22  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  64 60  38.8 38.9  $598 596  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  379 338 80 80 258 41  39.3 39.6 39.9 39.9 39.4 37.3  652 645 733 733 618 706  $628 626 741 741 601 714  $574 570 660 660 567 626  – – – – – –  $714 687 809 809 655 841  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  35 36 2 2 47 22  40 42 41 41 42 24  11 10 20 20 7 22  14 12 36 36 5 32  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  145 117 28  38.6 39.0 36.9  864 872 833  883 885 864  769 769 781  – – –  942 942 885  – – –  – – –  – – –  8 7 11  21 21 21  30 26 46  29 31 21  6 8 –  6 7 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Programmers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  277 267 258  38.7 38.8 38.7  581 580 580  579 579 596  531 531 531  – – –  660 660 660  – – –  11 11 12  40 39 38  48 48 50  1 1 ( )  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  675 650 467 25  39.1 39.2 38.8 38.3  687 687 652 662  683 683 665 –  607 606 589 –  – – – –  759 762 692 –  – – – –  2 2 3 –  22 22 30 12  37 36 46 52  24 23 13 32  13 13 4 –  3 3 3 4  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  722 666 518 56  38.8 39.0 38.8 36.2  792 796 766 743  788 788 765 752  720 727 698 637  – – – –  874 877 825 798  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  3 4 5 –  17 15 20 38  33 32 40 39  30 32 26 11  14 14 8 13  1 1 1 –  1 1 ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  549 519  39.7 39.8  973 979  973 981  877 885  – –  1,067 1,071  – –  – –  – –  1 –  7 6  23 24  26 24  29 31  12 13  2 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  455 416 348 39  39.0 39.1 38.9 38.4  832 841 842 736  804 815 809 –  747 750 747 –  – – – –  902 909 922 –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 8  9 7 8 31  35 35 36 36  28 28 24 26  13 15 15 –  7 8 8 –  4 4 5 –  1 1 1 –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,436 1,315 426 426 889 121  39.0 39.2 39.9 39.9 38.8 37.5  980 988 1,014 1,014 976 887  983 991 1,019 1,019 971 901  901 909 954 954 893 818  – – – – – –  1,065 1,069 1,075 1,075 1,063 921  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  1 ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 5  7 6 2 2 8 20  16 16 10 10 19 17  30 29 29 29 29 40  30 31 40 40 27 17  12 14 15 15 13 1  2 3 2 2 3 –  ( 3) 1 1 1 ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  19  3  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 2800  – $1,213 – 1,215 – 1,237 – 1,237 – 1,190 – 1,049  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 1 1 1 2  5 5 3 3 6 10  12 13 7 7 16 6  27 26 22 22 29 67  27 28 31 31 26 4  22 23 31 31 17 12  5 5 6 6 4 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Middle range  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,671 1,619 629 629 990 52  39.5 39.6 40.0 40.0 39.4 37.2  $1,112 1,114 1,147 1,147 1,093 1,048  $1,115 1,119 1,149 1,149 1,096 1,049  $1,019 1,019 1,078 1,078 1,000 1,049  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  532 532  38.9 38.9  1,327 1,327  1,332 1,332  1,210 1,210  – –  1,433 1,433  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  9 9  7 7  27 27  21 21  19 19  10 10  5 5  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  189 162 27  39.4 39.9 36.3  1,239 1,248 1,184  1,220 1,230 1,200  1,135 1,140 1,124  – – –  1,336 1,347 1,336  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 4  1 1 –  2 – 11  9 10 –  28 25 44  29 33 –  14 10 41  13 15 –  2 2 –  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  358 358 298  39.2 39.2 39.0  1,394 1,394 1,371  1,380 1,380 1,380  1,294 1,294 1,288  – – –  1,462 1,462 1,448  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 2  4 4 5  20 20 21  34 34 35  20 20 22  10 10 12  4 4 2  1 1 –  1 1 –  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Personnel Specialists Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  364 310 77 77 233  38.6 39.0 39.9 39.9 38.7  649 637 745 745 601  639 623 – – 607  558 557 – – 539  – – – – –  724 690 – – 654  – – – – –  11 12 5 5 14  24 26 10 10 31  36 39 17 17 46  12 11 19 19 9  15 12 45 45 ( 3)  1 1 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  631 509 101 101 408 122  38.3 38.7 40.0 40.0 38.4 36.9  824 835 929 929 812 775  808 808 950 950 786 775  721 731 808 808 719 674  – – – – – –  926 957 1,018 1,018 917 883  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 ( 3) 1 1 – 9  19 17 3 3 20 28  26 28 17 17 31 16  20 19 15 15 20 25  23 24 32 32 22 20  8 10 22 22 7 1  1 2 9 9 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  342 269 58 58 211 73  39.0 39.3 39.8 39.8 39.2 37.9  997 985 1,132 1,132 944 1,042  992 962 – – 910 1,038  877 858 – – 831 959  – – – – – –  1,100 1,090 – – 1,056 1,107  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  11 13 – – 17 –  17 20 – – 26 4  24 23 28 28 22 26  24 19 14 14 21 41  15 13 26 26 10 23  6 6 19 19 3 5  3 4 10 10 2 –  1 1 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  165 155 113 113  39.8 39.9 40.0 40.0  1,315 1,306 1,342 1,342  1,300 1,291 1,346 1,346  1,202 1,202 1,246 1,246  – – – –  1,462 1,432 1,462 1,462  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  10 11 7 7  4 4 – –  9 8 8 8  27 28 30 30  18 19 20 20  14 15 13 13  8 8 12 12  10 7 10 10  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level VI ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  67 67  40.0 40.0  1,547 1,547  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  22 22  9 9  4 4  18 18  3 3  27 27  3 3  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  20  Table A-6. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 400  400 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2200  2200 2400  2400 2600  2600 2800  – $1,500  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  10  13  30  10  2  27  3  1  3  1  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  1 1  81 81  4 4  11 11  2 2  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Middle range  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level II ......................................................  120  38.1  $1,345  $1,277  $1,216  Tax Collectors Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  196 196  37.5 37.5  571 571  533 533  533 533  533 533  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  21  Table A-7. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  396 347 312 49  38.4 38.7 38.6 36.4  $449 440 430 518  $434 425 423 520  $410 400 377 484  – – – –  $495 492 487 564  2 2 2 –  5 6 7 –  10 12 13 –  5 5 5 2  22 24 27 6  7 8 9 2  4 4 4 8  25 26 25 20  5 4 4 12  5 4 1 14  7 4 2 29  2 1 ( 3) 6  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  337 249 207 88  39.1 39.5 39.6 38.1  579 587 574 554  586 596 586 553  535 535 535 519  – – – –  621 623 621 593  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 – – 8  7 9 11 –  5 5 5 5  3 4 5 –  4 – – 14  7 8 10 6  31 27 29 45  28 32 29 18  9 10 12 5  1 1 – –  3 4 ( 3) –  – – – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Drafters Level II ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  95 88  39.6 39.6  574 569  600 596  508 480  – –  618 618  – –  – –  – –  – –  15 16  – –  2 2  7 8  9 10  2 2  13 14  34 28  – –  18 19  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  73 11  39.1 35.0  599 607  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  10 9  8 –  8 –  48 36  5 27  7 27  1 –  1 –  10 –  – –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  74 71 71 71  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  898 907 907 907  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 – – –  4 4 4 4  3 3 3 3  22 23 23 23  5 6 6 6  38 39 39 39  8 8 8 8  16 17 17 17  – – – –  Engineering Technicians Level III .....................................................  199  39.8  734  731  666  –  800  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  –  5  16  14  27  10  19  3  6  –  –  –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  518 511 218 218  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9  893 894 804 804  905 905 787 787  777 777 719 719  – – – –  1,000 1,000 905 905  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1  4 5 11 11  9 9 21 21  14 15 25 25  5 5 7 7  10 10 7 7  18 18 23 23  11 11 4 4  23 24 1 1  3 3 – –  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  83 83  37.8 37.8  458 458  472 472  446 446  – –  485 485  – –  – –  7 7  10 10  1 1  7 7  29 29  45 45  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  105 103  36.8 36.8  539 539  553 553  506 503  – –  580 580  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  7 7  7 7  5 5  11 10  13 14  50 50  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  190 190  37.1 37.1  577 577  587 587  492 492  – –  642 642  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 6  21 21  4 4  3 3  23 23  34 34  8 8  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  60 60  37.6 37.6  723 723  755 755  698 698  – –  755 755  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  3 3  3 3  20 20  12 12  55 55  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V ...................................................... State and local government ..................  57 29  38.9 37.8  812 870  – 891  – 812  – –  – 936  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  – –  28 –  19 10  21 28  9 17  21 41  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  22  Table A-7. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  4 4  1 1  5 5  2 2  12 12  – –  – –  – –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  5,324 5,324  40.0 40.0  $618 618  $569 569  $520 520  – –  $689 689  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  3 3  7 7  3 3  9 9  3 3  32 32  8 8  4 4  Firefighters: State and local government ......................  1,642  42.0  656  684  684  –  684  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  5  5  7  ( 3)  ( 3)  84  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  6,365 6,305  40.0 40.0  679 679  711 711  608 608  – –  711 711  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  1 1  2 2  8 8  9 9  10 10  7 7  55 55  1 1  1 1  1 1  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  3 3  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  23  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 and over  Clerks, Accounting Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,209 897 175 175 722 312  37.9 38.1 38.3 38.3 38.0 37.4  $429 427 472 472 417 434  $426 426 462 462 421 425  $385 385 404 404 374 378  – – – – – –  $469 469 500 500 459 472  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  6 9 – – 11 –  5 6 3 3 7 1  11 7 5 5 7 22  10 8 – – 10 16  16 18 18 18 18 10  17 16 14 14 17 19  14 14 20 20 12 14  7 9 7 7 9 2  9 9 21 21 6 8  1 1 – – 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) 1  1 – – – – 3  2 1 6 6 – 4  1 1 6 6 ( 3) 3 ( )  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  730 375 79 79 296 355  37.9 38.3 39.8 39.8 37.9 37.5  483 465 518 518 450 503  500 467 – – 451 500  430 418 – – 405 483  – – – – – –  514 513 – – 502 529  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4 7 – – 9 1  4 4 – – 5 3  5 7 – – 9 3  8 9 14 14 8 8  9 16 6 6 18 2  8 9 1 1 10 8  12 14 28 28 10 10  30 20 15 15 21 42  9 9 18 18 6 10  1 1 – – 1 ( 3)  2 2 3 3 1 2  6 1 3 3 – 12  1 2 8 8 – –  ( 3) 1 3 3 – –  ( 3) 1 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  76 28  38.4 35.9  588 538  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 –  28 75  – –  – –  41 21  7 –  1 4  7 –  8 –  – –  – –  – –  Clerks, General Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,421 509 445 912  37.6 38.0 37.7 37.4  400 375 359 415  384 357 350 403  362 327 315 369  – – – –  443 398 394 455  3 6 7 1  3 7 8 1  5 9 10 2  9 22 24 2  18 14 14 20  21 17 20 23  5 1 1 7  14 6 7 18  9 4 5 11  2 – – 3  8 3 4 10  5 9 – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,432 1,371 70 70 1,301 1,061  37.2 37.8 40.0 40.0 37.7 36.5  410 390 517 517 383 437  405 385 – – 380 441  358 336 – – 323 392  – – – – – –  447 420 – – 417 463  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 ( 3)  16 24 – – 25 7  7 9 – – 10 4  6 8 – – 9 3  15 15 7 7 16 14  19 21 51 51 19 15  13 6 – – 6 23  10 7 – – 7 13  4 4 – – 4 4  4 3 – – 3 5  1 ( 3) 1 1 – 2  2 – – – – 3  2 ( 3) 6 6 – 4  2 1 17 17 1 2  ( 3) ( 3) 6 6 – 1  – – – – – –  ( 3) 1 11 11 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,058 949 850 109  38.3 38.3 38.1 38.1  480 484 471 447  464 466 459 442  411 403 403 412  – – – –  557 563 519 492  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  10 11 13 –  4 4 5 6  5 4 5 13  15 14 16 24  10 10 11 10  11 10 12 18  10 8 8 22  7 7 7 4  ( 3) 1 1 –  9 10 6 4  1 1 2 –  14 15 16 –  2 2 – –  1 1 – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  983 898 888 85  39.2 39.6 39.6 35.3  344 339 338 399  321 319 318 412  294 294 294 305  – – – –  385 372 372 496  1 1 1 1  27 27 27 22  26 28 28 4  11 11 11 7  9 9 8 7  8 8 9 –  7 6 7 18  7 7 7 7  1 1 1 2  3 1 1 28  ( 3) – – 2  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  465 116  37.4 36.1  454 440  461 418  417 382  – –  490 485  – –  – –  1 –  2 –  10 16  10 28  9 14  17 9  13 8  14 6  7 3  10 3  5 7  ( 3) 1  2 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  128 91  37.1 36.9  464 476  464 500  387 387  – –  512 546  – –  – –  – –  9 –  2 2  16 23  – –  21 13  2 3  3 2  23 31  17 23  2 2  3 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  86 48  37.3 35.6  553 591  530 592  510 535  – –  592 642  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 4  1 2  7 –  6 4  7 –  14 8  23 13  1 2  19 33  6 10  3 6  10 17  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  24  Table A-8. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 and over  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  444 175 163 269  39.0 39.1 39.1 38.9  $440 409 405 461  $437 432 423 442  $371 356 356 380  – – – –  $523 440 440 523  – – – –  – – – –  2 6 7 –  2 5 5 –  22 19 21 24  6 10 10 4  13 7 7 17  18 38 38 5  4 7 6 1  3 8 6 –  22 – – 36  4 – – 6  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  4 – – 6  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,495 2,075 193 193 1,882 420  38.3 38.5 39.7 39.7 38.3 37.7  468 467 573 573 457 471  462 466 576 576 458 449  408 404 541 541 395 409  – – – – – –  525 528 600 600 518 499  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 2 – – 2 –  6 7 – – 8 2  6 7 – – 7 4  8 7 – – 8 11  9 8 3 3 8 17  13 11 – – 12 20  11 11 5 5 12 9  10 10 3 3 11 13  9 11 6 6 12 2  7 8 16 16 7 6  8 9 13 13 9 4  4 4 28 28 1 1  4 3 18 18 2 8  1 1 6 6 1 ( 3)  1 ( 3) 1 1 – 3  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  3,753 3,116 742 742 2,374 637  38.8 39.2 39.9 39.9 39.0 37.1  565 564 630 630 543 569  560 560 640 640 539 567  498 495 561 561 480 512  – – – – – –  631 631 698 698 600 623  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 2 – – 3 –  1 1 – – 2 1  2 3 1 1 4 1  3 3 ( ) ( 3) 4 1  5 6 1 1 7 4  11 10 4 4 12 17  12 12 11 11 13 10  7 7 5 5 7 11  9 10 6 6 11 8  11 10 7 7 11 12  16 15 20 20 14 20  11 11 20 20 8 11  6 7 20 20 3 5  1 1 4 4 1 ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,734 1,471 666 263  39.1 39.5 39.0 36.6  661 665 680 635  637 636 669 654  585 588 612 555  – – – –  740 749 800 699  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 2 2  4 3 6 5  6 6 5 1  9 5 1 27  11 13 5 3  23 25 26 11  14 10 12 37  9 10 8 3  15 16 26 6  8 8 7 4  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  382 367 244  39.2 39.3 39.0  758 758 776  745 735 769  681 675 704  – – –  825 833 853  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  6 7 8  8 8 2  22 23 13  20 18 25  10 10 12  22 22 27  10 10 12  2 2 1  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  322 266 249 56  39.0 39.0 39.0 38.8  395 392 389 407  396 395 395 408  359 340 340 362  – – – –  432 435 432 408  – – – –  1 1 1 –  8 10 10 2  14 17 18 –  13 8 8 38  19 23 21 2  16 11 12 38  8 9 8 7  12 15 16 –  4 4 4 4  3 2 – 9  – – – –  1 1 1 –  ( 3) – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Word Processors Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  302 98 97 204  37.4 37.7 37.7 37.2  451 443 441 455  443 429 429 447  421 423 423 414  – – – –  468 468 468 450  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 –  3 3 3 3  37 34 34 39  31 26 26 33  7 20 21 –  9 13 13 7  1 – – 1  6 1 1 8  3 – – 5  – – – –  3 2 1 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  241 193  37.7 37.8  491 484  485 485  460 472  – –  485 485  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  5 3  7 5  31 37  39 47  ( 3) 1  – –  – –  1 –  8 4  2 3  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  3  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  25  Table A-9. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Hourly pay (in dollars)1  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Under 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $15.12 – 15.20 – 15.20 – 12.92  3 3 4 –  2 3 3 2  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 2  2 2 3 2  1 1 1 2  3 1 1 13  6 5 4 10  18 20 22 3  12 11 13 16  15 9 9 51  4 5 6 –  2 3 3 –  – – – –  24 28 24 –  1 1 – –  2 2 3 –  2 2 2 –  1 1 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  413 352 296 61  $13.02 13.18 13.02 12.11  $12.50 12.50 12.44 12.51  $11.62 11.67 11.62 11.32  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,573 1,292 902 902 390 281  18.65 19.01 19.78 19.78 17.20 17.04  18.25 18.30 20.86 20.86 17.10 17.20  16.77 17.04 17.91 17.91 16.40 15.62  – – – – – –  20.86 21.68 21.68 21.68 17.63 18.20  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – 1  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) – ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) – ( 2)  1 1 – – 3 2  4 2 1 1 3 13  7 4 – – 14 21  15 15 13 13 20 11  17 19 10 10 40 10  14 13 13 13 12 21  6 3 2 2 6 21  10 12 17 17 – –  23 28 40 40 – –  1 2 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  1 1 ( 2) ( 2) 3 –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  2,976 2,795 282 282 2,513 1,449 181  18.86 18.97 16.92 16.92 19.20 21.47 17.14  20.86 21.15 15.55 15.55 21.15 21.24 18.20  16.23 16.23 14.00 14.00 16.81 21.15 17.11  – – – – – – –  21.24 21.24 20.86 20.86 21.24 22.12 18.20  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – – –  – – – – – – –  1 1 2 2 1 – –  1 1 2 2 1 – 1  4 4 9 9 3 – 5  2 2 3 3 2 – 1  3 3 7 7 3 – –  7 7 18 18 6 – 10  5 5 9 9 4 – 7  6 7 1 1 7 – 1  5 5 3 3 5 – 13  8 5 – – 5 1 63  3 4 – – 4 – –  5 5 43 43 1 – –  34 36 ( 2) ( 2) 41 70 –  14 15 – – 17 29 –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  760 259  18.98 18.07  18.97 18.50  17.55 16.52  – –  20.41 18.97  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 –  2 2  5 4  9 20  7 5  31 59  11 8  15 ( 2)  4 –  4 –  3 –  5 –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  601 528 520 520 73  19.13 19.32 19.38 19.38 17.77  18.30 20.72 20.86 20.86 18.20  18.16 17.08 18.30 18.30 18.20  – – – – –  20.86 20.86 20.86 20.86 18.20  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 1 1 –  1 1 1 1 3  2 – – – 15  1 2 – – –  10 12 12 12 1  9 10 10 10 1  26 20 21 21 63  2 – – – 16  30 34 35 35 –  17 20 20 20 –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  1,561 1,434 1,358 1,358  17.23 17.37 17.46 17.46  16.77 16.77 16.77 16.77  14.82 15.58 16.22 16.22  – – – –  19.90 20.72 20.86 20.86  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 1  1 1 2 2  1 1 1 1  2  1 1 ( ) ( 2)  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  2 2 3 3  2 2 2 2  3 2 2 2  14 10 11 11  4 4 2 2  24 26 27 27  13 14 15 15  7 5 4 4  2 2 3 3  10 11 12 12  3 3 3 3  11 12 13 13  – – – –  – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  1,063 408 107 107 301 265 655  17.06 18.20 18.51 18.51 18.09 18.20 16.35  17.43 18.10 19.40 19.40 17.35 17.84 16.77  14.37 13.70 17.86 17.86 13.45 13.10 14.82  – – – – – – –  19.04 21.56 21.36 21.36 23.66 24.18 18.20  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – – ( 2)  – – – – – – –  ( 2) – – – – – ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – – 1  2 1 6 6 – – 2  2 3 – – 5 5 1  3 8 3 3 9 11 1  3 6 2 2 7 8 1  3 4 4 4 5 5 2  9 5 5 5 5 5 11  15 6 2 2 7 8 21  4 2 – – 2 3 6  5 4 – – 5 2 6  12 8 8 8 8 5 14  17 6 11 11 5 1 24  12 13 22 22 10 11 11  1 3 11 11 – – –  3 7 26 26 – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) ( 2) –  3 7 – – 10 11 –  Maintenance Pipefitters ............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  282 254 254 254  19.53 20.04 20.04 20.04  20.23 20.72 20.72 20.72  18.09 18.09 18.09 18.09  – – – –  21.36 21.36 21.36 21.36  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 – – –  9 – – –  3 4 4 4  6 6 6 6  – – – –  16 17 17 17  1 1 1 1  25 28 28 28  40 45 45 45  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  26  6 16 – – 22 25 –  3  – – – –  Table A-9. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  Number of workers  287 276 276 276  Hourly pay (in dollars)1  Mean  Median  $19.64 19.70 19.70 19.70  $18.48 18.48 18.48 18.48  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  $18.40 18.40 18.40 18.40  – $21.68 – 21.68 – 21.68 – 21.68  Under 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 over  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  – – – – 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 2  2 2 2 2  11 11 11 11  – – – –  38 36 36 36  7 7 7 7  – – – –  31 32 32 32  1 1 1 1  2 2 2 2  7 7 7 7  All workers were at $24.00 and under $25.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  27  Table A-10. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Number of workers  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.75 and under 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $11.99 – 11.99 – 11.99 – 11.99  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 – –  2 2 – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  3 3 1 1  70 70 93 93  10 10 2 2  8 8 – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  – – – –  3 3 4 4  – – – –  – – – –  7.50  –  9.50  –  ( 2)  1  5  4  12  10  26  10  6  3  6  6  4  3  2  1  ( 2)  ( 2)  –  ( 2)  –  –  12.91 12.91 11.23  11.18 11.18 9.85  – – –  14.71 14.71 13.35  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  14 14 2  2 2 7  2 2 11  – – 9  4 4 17  8 8 13  24 24 13  8 8 10  31 31 2  4 4 4  1 1 2  3 3 2  – – –  1 1 8  – – –  – – –  12.56 11.95  12.68 12.51  11.49 11.49  – –  13.85 12.68  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  4 6  2 3  3 1  4 4  6 –  10 17  34 57  28 11  – –  6 –  2 –  – –  1 –  1 –  – –  – –  Janitors ........................................................ 12,724 Private industry ......................................... 9,267 Goods-producing industries .................. 632 Manufacturing ................................... 632 Service-producing industries ................ 8,635 Transportation and utilities ............... 33 State and local government ...................... 3,457  10.34 9.78 12.68 12.68 9.57 14.50 11.84  10.55 10.15 12.82 12.82 9.75 – 12.39  8.41 7.97 10.77 10.77 7.76 – 10.32  – – – – – – –  12.12 11.43 13.62 13.62 11.25 – 13.29  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) – –  2 2 – – 2 – –  2 3 – – 3 – –  5 6 – – 7 – –  2 3 – – 3 – ( 2)  5 6 – – 7 – 1  5 6 – – 7 – 3  5 4 1 1 4 – 7  3 3 6 6 3 – 5  5 5 3 3 6 – 3  8 10 9 9 10 – 3  14 14 8 8 15 – 12  17 19 9 9 20 – 9  13 8 17 17 8 – 28  10 7 28 28 6 58 16  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 2 ( ) 18 1  3 ( 2) 2 2 2 ( ) 9 11  1 1 12 12 ( 2) 6 1  ( 2) ( 2) 5 5 2 ( ) 9 ( 2)  ( 2) – – – – – ( 2)  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Material Handling Laborers ....................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  353 353 287 287  10.60 10.60 10.95 10.95  11.71 11.71 11.71 11.71  9.87 9.87 9.87 9.87  – – – –  12.10 12.10 12.10 12.10  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  5 5 – –  1 1 – –  1 1 – –  13 13 16 16  2 2 – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  18 18 21 21  4 4 – –  24 24 29 29  24 24 29 29  3 3 4 4  – – – –  3 3 – –  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  420 405 284 284 121  14.39 14.34 14.92 14.92 12.99  14.09 13.93 14.04 14.04 13.93  13.41 13.37 13.51 13.51 10.93  – – – – –  16.46 16.46 16.46 16.46 14.09  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 2 1 1 5  1 1 1 1 2  2 2 1 1 5  8 9 2 2 24  3 3 1 1 7  4 4 4 4 3  28 29 39 39 5  15 13 4 4 36  1 1 2 2 –  23 22 32 32 –  5 5 2 2 12  2 2 3 3 –  6 6 8 8 2  – – – – –  – – – – –  Truckdrivers Light Truck ................................................ Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  235 176 59  11.97 11.09 14.57  12.28 12.28 14.77  10.78 9.63 11.25  – – –  12.44 12.28 17.55  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 2 –  4 5 –  3 3 –  1 2 –  2 3 –  5 7 –  4 5 –  6 7 –  15 8 36  43 58 –  – – –  8 – 31  – – –  – – –  3 – 12  6 – 22  – – –  – – –  – – –  Heavy Truck ............................................. State and local government ..................  465 411  13.01 12.65  12.51 12.51  12.51 12.51  – –  13.71 12.70  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 7  5 6  59 65  11 13  10 9  – –  7 ( 2)  – –  2 –  – –  – –  – –  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  864 813 232 232  15.94 16.04 14.15 14.15  16.74 16.74 12.40 12.40  14.47 14.45 12.29 12.29  – – – –  17.72 17.72 17.62 17.62  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 2  1 1 4 4  15 16 56 56  1 1 – –  13 7 9 9  10 10 – –  16 17 – –  36 38 13 13  6 6 14 14  2 2 – –  1 1 2 2  – – – –  Occupation and level  Forklift Operators ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Guards Level I ....................................................... Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government .................. Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  Mean  Median  Middle range  900 900 635 635  $12.18 12.18 12.19 12.19  $11.99 11.99 11.98 11.98  $11.98 11.98 11.98 11.98  7,639  8.80  8.10  188 188 367  12.69 12.69 12.03  379 227  See footnotes at end of table.  28  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  Table A-10. Establishments employing 500 workers or more: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD, November 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Warehouse Specialists .............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  Number of workers  1,007 914 428 428  Mean  Median  $16.20 16.62 17.68 17.68  $15.47 15.92 17.93 17.93  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  $14.03 15.18 17.93 17.93  – $17.93 – 18.17 – 19.53 – 19.53  4.75 and under 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  1 1 1 1  2 2 – –  2 – – –  7 ( 2) – –  11 12 15 15  3 3 7 7  29 32 – –  2 2 – –  18 20 33 33  9 10 8 8  5 6 12 12  10 11 23 23  1 1 – –  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  29  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Philadelphia–Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ–DE–MD Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Philadelphia– Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ–DE–MD Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from August 1996 through February 1997 and reflects an average payroll reference month of November 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of November 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Philadelphia–Wilmington–Atlantic City, PA–NJ–DE–MD Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (November 1994). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of  A-1  If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero. Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. In all but two of the occupational work levels published in this bulletin, the proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent. The two jobs were Accounting Clerks III (5.2 percent) and Accounting Clerks IV (11.0 percent).  presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals. The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows:  Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 17.4 percent of the sample establishments (representing 317,366 employees covered by the survey). An additional 5.2 percent of the sample establishments (representing 56,385 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey.  Percent of published occupational work levels 1.4 59.4 35.5 3.7  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the  A-2  evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency, reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys.  sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error. If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  A-3  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City, PA-NJ-DE-MD1, November 1996 Number of establishments Industry  division2  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied Number  Percent  ALL ESTABLISHMENTS All divisions ...................................................................................  5,971  380  1,590,323  100  397,920  Private industry ....................................................................... Goods producing .............................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................. Mining5 ........................................................................ Construction5 .............................................................. Service producing ............................................................. Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services7 ................................................. Wholesale trade8 ........................................................ Retail trade8 ................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate8 .......................... Services8 ....................................................................  5,505 1,479 1,205 7 267 4,026  342 96 79 3 14 246  1,323,903 277,859 252,046 410 25,403 1,046,044  83 17 16 ( 6) 2 66  263,873 59,591 57,293 174 2,124 204,282  246 403 963 406 2,008  31 19 28 22 146  70,310 61,963 224,442 115,924 573,405  4 4 14 7 36  27,485 4,412 25,334 29,814 117,237  State and local government ....................................................  466  38  266,420  17  134,047  All divisions ...................................................................................  553  120  884,807  100  355,056  Private industry ....................................................................... Goods producing .............................................................. Manufacturing ............................................................. Service producing ............................................................. Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services7 ................................................. Wholesale trade8 ........................................................ Retail trade8 ................................................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate8 .......................... Services8 ....................................................................  455 87 87 368  99 26 26 73  675,004 101,220 101,220 573,784  76 11 11 65  224,549 48,115 48,115 176,434  34 13 75 39 207  12 3 8 6 44  47,501 7,314 122,339 81,849 314,781  5 1 14 9 36  25,095 1,824 22,665 27,825 99,025  State and local government ....................................................  98  21  209,803  24  130,507  ESTABLISHMENTS EMPLOYING 500 WORKERS OR MORE  1 The Philadelphia-Wilmington-Atlantic City Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through June 1994, consists of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties, PA; Atlantic, Burlington, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester, and Salem Counties, NJ; New Castle County, DE; and Cecil County, MD. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In goods producing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an  establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within an area) at or above the minimum limitations. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Less than 0.5 percent. 7 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 8 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-4
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