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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Sacramento–Yolo, CA, Consolidated Metropolitan Area, March 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-17  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a March 1996 survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Sacramento–Yolo, CA Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, under the direction of Caryl L. O’Keefe, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay and benefit data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS San Francisco Regional Office at (415) 975-4350. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Room 4175, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of similar surveys conducted in 1995, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey:  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145,  Bulletin 3080-3.  Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Sacramento, CA, BLS  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Sacramento–Yolo, CA, Consolidated Metropolitan Area, March 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner August 1996 Bulletin 3085-17  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ..............................................................................................................  2  Establishment practices and employee benefits:  Tables:  All establishments: A-1.  Tables—Continued  B-1.  Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .....................................  18  B-2.  Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers ....................  20  B-3.  Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers .........................................................................  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations .........................................................  A-2.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ...................................................................  9  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ..............................  11  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations ................................................................................ occupations ................................................................................  26  3  14 16  Appendixes: A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Introduction  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail.  This survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Sacramento–Yolo, CA Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (El Dorado, Placer, Sacramento, and Yolo Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  Establishment practices and benefit tables The B-series tables provide information on paid holidays; paid vacations; and insurance, health, and retirement plan provisions for full-time, white- and bluecollar employees. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  400 and under 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 2400  2400 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants ................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,082 564 70 69 494 1,518  40.0 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  $882 886 933 938 880 880  $854 828 – – 827 873  $756 735 – – 735 762  – – – – – –  $963 962 – – 962 998  1 3 – – 3 –  3 7 1 – 7 2  13 12 16 16 12 13  17 20 16 16 21 15  24 24 27 28 23 24  19 13 13 13 13 21  10 5 11 12 4 13  7 4 – – 5 8  3 5 3 3 6 3  1 ( 3) 3 3 – 1  1 2 – – 2 –  1 3 10 10 2 –  1 2 – – 2 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  72 65  39.8 40.0  586 600  – 612  – 583  – –  – 612  8 –  36 40  56 60  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  185 95 79 90  39.9 39.7 39.7 40.0  674 667 661 682  664 687 – 663  625 608 – 643  – – – –  740 769 – 722  5 9 11 –  8 15 16 –  51 35 29 69  31 33 35 30  5 8 8 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  958 313 284 645  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  804 803 798 805  800 808 807 800  726 741 735 726  – – – –  851 865 863 831  – – – –  3 8 8 –  14 11 12 15  30 27 26 32  37 38 36 36  11 15 16 9  6 2 1 8  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  713 72 58 641  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  978 1,034 1,036 971  955 – – 955  916 – – 916  – – – –  1,049 – – 1,011  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  19 8 9 20  40 35 33 41  22 31 28 21  18 25 31 17  ( 3) 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  117 55 62  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,263 1,328 1,205  1,210 – 1,210  1,210 – 1,179  – – –  1,257 – 1,210  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 2  – – –  19 11 26  60 53 66  5 4 6  9 20 –  6 13 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Attorneys ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,022 130 892  40.0 39.8 40.0  1,426 1,383 1,432  1,395 1,441 1,395  1,272 1,058 1,272  – – –  1,608 1,577 1,608  – – –  1 – 1  – – –  1 – 2  3 9 2  1 – 2  9 16 8  4 – 5  6 1 7  25 23 26  6 25 3  6 1 7  24 13 26  10 1 12  2 2 2  1 8 ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  25  40.0  905  893  850  –  934  –  –  –  16  44  20  4  16  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  196 101  40.0 40.0  1,227 1,077  1,130 1,076  1,075 1,025  – –  1,424 1,094  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  5 9  41 65  8 15  4 7  16 1  17 –  – –  8 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  370 356  39.9 40.0  1,397 1,377  1,395 1,393  1,308 1,308  – –  1,395 1,395  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  15 16  60 63  1 1  7 7  1 1  5 5  1 –  3 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 5: State and local government ..................  322  40.0  1,610  1,608  1,608  –  1,608  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  7  12  69  11  –  ( 3)  –  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 400 and under 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 2400  2400 and over  – $1,249 – 1,278 – 1,275 – 1,280 – 1,312 – 1,249  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  1 1 1 1 4 ( 3)  6 10 8 8 18 2  8 14 13 13 19 4  16 16 18 19 8 17  24 13 14 15 7 33  9 11 12 12 8 7  16 12 13 11 10 18  8 7 7 7 6 8  7 7 6 6 8 7  2 3 3 3 2 2  1 3 3 3 3 ( 3)  1 2 1 1 2 1  ( 3) 1 1 1 1 ( 3)  ( 3) 1 ( 3) 3 ( ) 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  Middle range  Engineers .................................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  6,029 2,590 2,021 1,975 569 3,439  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,125 1,112 1,117 1,114 1,096 1,134  $1,085 1,058 1,072 1,062 1,000 1,085  $967 896 920 918 808 1,011  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  175 158  40.0 40.0  744 750  757 762  698 731  – –  783 790  – –  – –  27 20  58 63  15 17  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  578 424 154  40.0 40.0 40.0  837 848 808  835 851 804  796 797 796  – – –  886 903 835  – – –  1 – 3  ( 3) ( 3) 1  30 25 46  47 48 44  22 27 7  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  943 352 92 591  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  985 981 954 987  988 1,000 932 988  920 904 896 921  – – – –  1,028 1,052 1,025 1,001  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 2 7 –  14 21 24 9  50 26 36 64  25 43 27 15  5 8 7 3  5 – – 9  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,183 618 505 113 1,565  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,101 1,116 1,099 1,190 1,096  1,085 1,123 1,111 1,174 1,085  1,033 1,000 982 1,110 1,038  – – – – –  1,136 1,213 1,212 1,279 1,085  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  2 3 4 – 1  15 22 24 11 12  52 18 19 13 66  14 27 26 30 9  9 24 25 21 3  2 4 3 12 2  6 2 – 13 7  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,355 538 425 425 113 817  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,300 1,326 1,307 1,307 1,394 1,282  1,249 1,321 1,312 1,312 1,392 1,249  1,249 1,238 1,213 1,213 1,250 1,249  – – – – – –  1,374 1,424 1,405 1,405 1,486 1,249  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 2 3 3 – –  3 7 9 9 – 1  11 9 10 10 7 12  49 26 25 25 28 64  14 24 26 26 17 7  15 20 17 17 28 12  4 6 5 5 8 3  2 4 3 3 9 ( 3)  ( 3) 1 1 1 3 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 6 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  418 181  40.0 40.0  1,499 1,632  1,376 1,616  1,372 1,504  – –  1,622 1,716  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 2  51 5  11 17  10 22  11 25  10 15  4 7  1 3  – –  1 2  1 2  – –  – –  Level 7 ......................................................  92  40.0  1,670  1,512  1,512  –  1,771  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  16  42  3  14  8  8  –  –  Scientists ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  1,894 437 224 224  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,006 923 1,040 1,040  1,005 905 991 991  895 712 864 864  – – – –  1,127 1,114 1,152 1,152  2 10 – –  2 4 1 1  4 11 3 3  7 10 4 4  10 15 19 19  22 16 22 22  24 8 15 15  15 10 15 15  6 4 7 7  6 5 4 4  1 2 4 4  1 2 3 ( ) ( 3)  1 2 2 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 1 ......................................................  59  40.0  664  –  –  –  –  10  29  24  17  20  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ......................................................  204  40.0  679  721  599  –  759  19  6  18  47  8  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  553 101  40.0 40.0  925 846  957 865  879 712  – –  979 948  – –  1 3  4 21  4 18  22 18  58 27  12 9  1 5  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  1  4  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 400 and under 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 2400  2400 and over  – $1,127 – 1,127  – –  – –  ( 3) 3  1 10  6 11  11 20  54 22  25 23  ( 3) 1  1 10  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Middle range  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  684 94  40.0 40.0  $1,049 1,015  $1,049 1,013  $1,025 923  Level 5 ......................................................  311  40.0  1,250  1,249  1,181  –  1,316  –  –  –  –  ( 3)  1  7  31  35  23  1  2  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Scientists, Physical/Biological .................. Private industry .........................................  1,762 305  40.0 40.0  1,006 890  1,008 811  895 654  – –  1,127 1,114  3 15  2 6  4 14  7 12  9 11  22 11  24 4  14 8  6 4  6 5  1 2  1 2  1 3  ( 3) 1  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ......................................................  52  40.0  647  –  –  –  –  12  33  25  13  17  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ......................................................  180  40.0  656  707  543  –  753  22  7  19  51  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  532 80  40.0 40.0  921 798  957 799  876 689  – –  979 904  – –  1 4  4 26  4 22  22 21  59 26  10 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ......................................................  649  40.0  1,049  1,049  1,028  –  1,127  –  –  ( 3)  1  5  11  55  25  –  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Budget Analysts: State and local government ......................  303  40.0  927  955  873  –  955  ( 3)  1  5  6  15  57  7  8  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  17  40.0  668  658  658  –  658  –  12  71  18  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  240 240  40.0 40.0  922 922  955 955  881 881  – –  955 955  – –  – –  1 1  7 7  18 18  71 71  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  44 44  40.0 40.0  1,076 1,076  1,102 1,102  1,053 1,053  – –  1,102 1,102  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  7 7  30 30  55 55  7 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyer/Contracting Specialists: Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  231 182 172 136  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  738 774 767 981  673 688 688 1,021  625 658 655 833  – – – –  853 900 887 1,099  2 – – –  16 5 5 1  41 47 50 8  12 12 13 13  7 8 9 8  13 17 12 4  4 5 6 49  3 3 3 1  ( 3) 1 1 16  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  140 123 95 95 17  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  670 668 671 671 691  670 670 670 670 706  628 625 644 644 658  – – – – –  688 688 688 688 714  – – – – –  12 14 4 4 –  66 69 80 80 47  18 13 13 13 53  4 4 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. State and local government ..................  140 58 57 82  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  949 889 891 991  988 – – 1,021  858 – – 996  – – – –  1,021 – – 1,021  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  14 19 18 11  15 21 21 11  24 52 53 5  46 9 9 73  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  400 and under 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 2400  2400 and over  Computer Programmers ............................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  435 145 116 290  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $831 671 654 912  $762 672 619 831  $672 577 565 726  – – – –  $972 752 692 1,126  – – – –  14 32 38 4  21 35 42 14  22 25 14 20  14 4 3 19  4 2 2 6  3 – – 5  10 1 1 15  7 1 1 10  5 – – 7  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  148 114 89  40.0 40.0 40.0  642 639 610  619 619 608  577 565 565  – – –  673 692 672  – – –  39 40 49  43 39 48  14 18 2  1 2 –  3 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  215 189  40.0 40.0  846 859  800 831  726 726  – –  905 972  – –  – –  14 13  33 29  27 29  6 6  6 6  15 17  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analysts ..................... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  4,507 908 705 3,599  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  971 972 945 971  1,003 959 931 1,003  875 822 804 916  – – – –  1,024 1,096 1,056 1,003  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 4 3  7 17 21 5  16 18 18 16  17 21 21 16  45 17 18 52  6 12 10 5  3 6 5 2  2 3 2 1  ( 3) 2 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  664 158 122 506  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  813 763 741 828  773 738 727 790  726 713 713 726  – – – –  831 809 776 843  – – – –  – – – –  18 16 20 18  39 51 62 35  26 29 15 25  6 4 2 6  2 – – 3  10 – – 13  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,783 379 67 67 312 2,404  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  960 891 961 961 876 971  1,003 894 – – 864 1,003  916 816 – – 812 916  – – – – – –  1,003 958 – – 942 1,003  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) ( 3)  3 20 4 4 23 ( 3)  20 31 10 10 35 18  24 39 57 57 35 21  50 8 24 24 5 56  1 2 4 4 1 1  2 – – – – 3  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  841 241 175 600  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,071 1,086 1,065 1,064  1,049 1,077 1,056 1,049  1,049 1,021 1,019 1,049  – – – –  1,071 1,140 1,132 1,049  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 ( 3) 1 1  8 13 15 6  72 42 49 84  11 36 33 ( 3)  3 8 1 1  6 1 1 7  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  215 126  40.0 40.0  1,200 1,240  1,153 1,242  1,153 1,140  – –  1,257 1,332  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 5  13 19  46 11  18 29  13 21  7 13  ( 3) 1  ( 3) 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers ............................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  283 52 231  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,205 1,150 1,218  1,157 – 1,192  1,102 – 1,102  – – –  1,213 – 1,213  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) – ( 3)  3 17 –  12 37 6  40 21 44  25 13 27  3 2 3  12 4 14  4 – 5  ( 3) 2 –  ( 3) 2 –  – – –  ( 3) 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  162 134  40.0 40.0  1,173 1,199  1,102 1,102  1,102 1,102  – –  1,213 1,373  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  6 –  15 9  52 60  3 3  2 3  20 25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  116 94  40.0 40.0  1,235 1,239  1,210 1,210  1,179 1,210  – –  1,210 1,210  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 2  23 22  56 63  1 –  2 –  10 13  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  400 and under 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 2400  2400 and over  Personnel Specialists ................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,155 392 123 118 269 763  40.0 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  $903 865 997 997 805 923  $955 840 1,048 1,048 802 955  $800 703 896 861 656 849  – – – – – –  $955 1,002 1,096 1,096 904 955  1 4 – – 6 –  2 7 2 2 9 ( 3)  9 13 12 13 13 7  12 16 5 5 22 10  18 19 7 7 25 17  37 11 15 15 9 50  12 20 37 35 12 7  6 5 10 10 3 7  2 3 7 8 1 1  1 2 4 4 1 ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  154 81 66 73  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  652 618 613 691  660 627 – 691  600 575 – 658  – – – –  703 701 – 726  6 12 15 –  14 27 32 –  46 35 23 59  32 25 29 40  1 1 2 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  720 141 119 579  40.0 39.8 39.8 40.0  903 819 808 924  955 802 799 955  831 770 752 873  – – – –  955 868 856 955  – – – –  ( 3) 2 3 –  3 13 15 1  13 30 33 8  22 30 30 21  53 14 12 63  7 8 6 7  ( 3) 1 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  225 133 73 68 60 92  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,031 1,018 1,068 1,073 958 1,049  1,048 1,002 – – – 1,102  945 920 – – – 955  – – – – – –  1,102 1,080 – – – 1,138  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 1 1 – 1  18 23 1 1 48 11  15 15 16 18 13 15  32 44 58 54 27 16  30 12 16 18 7 57  3 5 4 4 5 –  1 2 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers ............. State and local government ......................  82 47  40.0 40.0  1,340 1,333  1,339 1,339  1,175 1,179  – –  1,407 1,407  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 2  15 2  13 23  18 15  13 19  21 28  5 2  6 –  1 –  5 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  56 31  40.0 40.0  1,280 1,282  – 1,339  – 1,155  – –  – 1,407  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  16 3  18 32  20 13  11 13  29 39  5 –  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3: State and local government ..................  14  40.0  1,478  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  21  36  7  7  –  –  29  –  –  –  –  –  –  Director of Personnel ................................. State and local government ......................  55 9  40.0 40.0  1,397 1,579  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  20 –  15 33  2 11  7 –  9 –  15 –  22 –  – –  9 56  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3: State and local government ..................  6  40.0  1,774  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  17  –  –  –  –  –  83  –  –  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  7  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  400 and under 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 2200  2200 2300  2300 2400  2400 and over  – –  89 89  11 11  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Tax Collectors: Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  9 9  40.0 40.0  $568 568  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  87 87  40.0 40.0  611 611  $614 614  $587 587  – –  $631 631  – –  43 43  57 57  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  454 454  40.0 40.0  767 767  762 762  726 726  – –  831 831  – –  – –  20 20  38 38  42 42  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  8  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1150  1150 1200  1200 1250  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators .................................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  667 310 291 357  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $597 539 538 648  $601 522 522 629  $522 469 468 601  – – – –  $629 583 583 693  1 1 1 –  3 7 7 –  3 6 6 –  3 6 6 ( 3)  4 7 7 1  4 4 4 3  19 33 34 7  13 15 13 12  28 8 8 46  4 2 2 6  7 5 5 8  6 5 5 7  2 1 1 3  1 – – 2  3 1 1 4  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  155 125 122 30  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  499 490 491 535  504 504 504 533  459 447 455 492  – – – –  525 522 522 549  – – – –  4 5 4 –  8 10 10 –  8 10 11 –  13 14 14 10  10 6 6 27  44 44 45 43  6 7 7 3  5 2 2 13  1 1 1 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  336 102 96 234  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  604 577 576 615  623 553 550 629  565 525 520 600  – – – –  629 600 598 629  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 2 1 ( 3)  2 4 4 1  17 42 45 6  20 26 25 18  50 12 11 66  2 2 2 2  7 6 5 7  2 6 6 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  106 59  40.0 40.0  711 732  714 728  660 693  – –  756 756  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  8 –  13 7  19 29  21 19  26 32  6 7  4 7  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Drafters ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. State and local government ......................  395 145 114 250  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  724 601 601 795  742 583 538 818  610 530 481 742  – – – –  828 703 731 897  – – – –  – – – –  2 5 6 ( 3)  ( 3) – – ( 3)  ( 3) 1 – –  6 15 19 ( 3)  10 26 25 2  4 6 6 3  9 17 8 4  5 1 1 8  15 25 28 10  8 2 3 12  21 1 1 33  12 – – 20  6 2 3 8  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ......................................................  86  40.0  558  530  481  –  649  –  –  8  –  1  27  20  9  12  22  –  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. State and local government ..................  208 73 50 135  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  729 611 604 793  751 – – 818  635 – – 751  – – – –  818 – – 828  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  12 33 44 –  4 12 14 –  11 32 16 –  1 1 2 1  19 19 20 19  14 3 4 20  39 – – 61  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ......................................................  99  40.0  862  897  750  –  897  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  –  22  2  1  49  23  –  –  –  –  –  –  Engineering Technicians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  643 420 363 363  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  782 660 665 665  751 650 661 661  610 577 550 550  – – – –  952 750 758 758  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 3 3  2 4 4 4  3 4 5 5  6 10 11 11  11 16 13 13  8 12 11 11  12 18 14 14  6 9 10 10  7 10 12 12  5 7 9 9  9 4 4 4  3 1 1 1  8 1 1 1  1 ( 3) 3 ( ) ( 3)  5 ( 3) 3 ( ) ( 3)  1 – – –  12 ( 3) 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  170 137  40.0 40.0  634 586  597 577  556 550  – –  660 629  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 6  14 18  35 43  8 9  19 24  3 –  – –  2 –  14 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  233 174 170 170  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  776 725 728 728  758 729 729 729  692 673 673 673  – – – –  858 782 784 784  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  11 14 14 14  18 24 24 24  15 20 20 20  18 24 25 25  12 16 16 16  9 1 1 1  – – – –  17 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  9  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1050  1050 1100  1100 1150  1150 1200  1200 1250  Engineering Technicians, Civil ................. State and local government ......................  595 464  40.0 40.0  $780 815  $779 855  $647 709  – –  $858 946  1 –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  2 1  1 1  5 4  6 4  11 11  6 2  15 15  5 3  5 6  21 26  2 3  2 2  18 23  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  62 38  40.0 40.0  567 566  – 586  – 523  – –  – 620  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 11  5 8  27 29  31 3  24 39  6 11  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  131 89  40.0 40.0  649 650  659 644  587 584  – –  719 719  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  11 10  15 21  21 24  20 2  31 38  3 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  211 164  40.0 40.0  799 812  826 855  744 749  – –  858 858  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 7  2 1  19 18  10 3  11 13  46 55  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 5: State and local government ..................  170  40.0  966  1,033  857  –  1,033  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  –  4  2  3  16  6  5  62  –  –  –  –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  1,272 1,272  40.0 40.0  829 829  885 885  885 885  – –  885 885  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  10 10  3 3  2 2  – –  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  82 82  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  176 176  52.9 52.9  691 691  645 645  645 645  – –  777 777  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 8  49 49  4 4  – –  39 39  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Police Officers ............................................ State and local government ......................  2,163 2,163  40.2 40.2  826 826  884 884  759 759  – –  885 885  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  5 5  10 10  6 6  12 12  15 15  32 32  10 10  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  2,153 2,153  40.2 40.2  825 825  884 884  759 759  – –  885 885  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  5 5  10 10  6 6  12 12  15 15  32 32  10 10  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  10 10  40.0 40.0  925 925  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  100 100  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  10  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  Clerks, Accounting ..................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries: Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  4,642 1,359  40.0 39.9  $498 430  $513 432  $444 366  – –  $572 483  – –  – –  ( 3) 1  – –  3 11  3 9  3 10  1 4  5 12  10 15  16 19  27 12  31 6  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  201 1,103 3,283  39.8 39.9 40.0  487 421 527  504 429 526  427 358 496  – – –  545 471 572  – – –  – – –  – 1 –  – – –  – 13 –  3 8 ( 3)  4 10 ( 3)  4 5 ( 3)  12 12 3  14 16 8  10 22 14  29 9 33  18 4 41  4 1 1  ( 3) – ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,961 646 120 76 526 1,315  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  455 391 410 440 386 487  465 386 400 – 384 513  421 340 355 – 328 465  – – – – – –  513 434 462 – 434 513  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  7 20 – – 25 –  4 11 24 9 9 –  6 17 25 11 15 –  2 5 – – 6 ( 3)  10 19 18 29 19 5  15 10 4 7 11 18  18 10 7 11 11 22  39 7 22 34 4 54  ( 3) 1 – – 1 ( 3)  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,487 600 98 92 502 1,887  40.0 39.9 39.6 39.6 39.9 40.0  530 457 505 502 448 553  567 450 505 504 450 572  494 427 427 427 420 546  – – – – – –  572 497 577 584 486 572  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) 2 – – 2 –  2 7 – – 8 ( 3)  1 5 – – 6 ( 3)  1 4 9 10 3 –  2 6 2 2 7 1  6 23 22 24 23 1  14 30 9 10 34 9  18 14 22 17 12 19  54 8 30 32 4 68  2 1 4 4 1 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  173 93 56 80  39.8 39.6 39.4 40.0  550 551 552 550  577 546 – 590  533 533 – 482  – – – –  590 595 – 590  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 – – 2  1 – – 1  6 1 – 13  13 16 23 9  24 39 25 6  47 31 38 66  7 13 14 –  1 – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Clerks, General ........................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  9,669 1,444 185 161 1,259 8,225  40.0 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.0  479 398 432 447 393 493  493 393 420 439 387 493  426 338 388 407 329 448  – – – – – –  539 442 480 490 439 546  ( 3) 1 – – 1 –  – – – – – –  ( 3) 1 – – 2 –  1 4 – – 4 ( 3)  2 14 – – 17 ( 3)  2 10 15 2 9 1  2 12 3 3 13 1  4 10 12 14 10 4  8 17 23 26 16 7  14 10 10 12 10 15  35 12 21 24 11 39  10 6 13 15 5 10  19 2 2 2 2 23  1 1 2 2 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  575 301 266 274  39.8 39.5 39.5 40.0  369 336 335 406  370 320 320 401  320 311 309 382  – – – –  401 354 354 434  – – – –  – – – –  4 7 8 –  8 14 16 1  19 37 42 –  9 16 8 2  13 14 14 12  14 2 ( 3) 28  16 5 6 28  8 1 1 16  7 2 2 12  1 2 2 –  1 2 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  4,914 725 72 72 653 4,189  40.0 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.8 40.0  452 396 407 407 395 461  465 400 – – 394 476  426 354 – – 351 426  – – – – – –  493 424 – – 424 493  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 13 – – 15 ( 3)  2 9 1 1 10 3 ( )  2 13 3 3 14 1  6 14 24 24 13 5  12 28 54 54 25 9  24 13 17 17 12 25  49 5 1 1 5 57  3 3 – – 3 3  ( 3) 2 – – 2 ( 3)  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  4,096 392 314 3,704  40.0 39.9 39.9 40.0  530 460 451 537  546 463 450 564  494 407 388 494  – – – –  572 497 488 572  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 6 8 ( 3)  1 10 12 ( 3)  1 8 10 ( 3)  3 7 8 3  4 12 12 3  23 34 31 21  19 16 13 20  45 1 – 50  3 5 5 2  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  11  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  Clerks, Order: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  99 99  40.0 40.0  $458 458  $519 519  $384 384  – –  $519 519  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14 14  7 7  14 14  – –  4 4  8 8  53 53  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators ................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  2,674 240 2,434  40.0 40.0 40.0  488 393 498  530 389 530  458 329 458  – – –  530 441 530  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) 5 –  1 12 –  1 14 –  1 13 –  5 10 4  2 11 1  13 11 14  19 18 19  56 5 61  1 – 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  2,514 141 133  40.0 40.0 40.0  490 366 368  530 354 357  458 322 326  – – –  530 389 389  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) 7 8  1 18 14  1 21 22  1 20 21  5 17 17  1 4 5  13 – –  18 6 7  60 6 7  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  160 99 77 61  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  459 432 431 504  468 431 – 499  426 404 – 479  – – – –  499 468 – 555  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 3 4 –  2 3 4 –  3 5 6 –  2 3 4 –  1 – – 2  13 20 26 2  16 26 8 –  46 35 45 62  6 4 3 8  10 – – 26  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Assistants ................................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,100 182 156 918  40.0 39.7 39.6 40.0  595 511 511 611  614 519 528 637  544 452 452 569  – – – –  645 566 577 645  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  1 7 8 –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  1 5 4 3 ( )  2 4 3 2  8 24 22 5  14 34 34 10  16 15 14 16  42 8 9 49  14 3 4 17  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  228 204  40.0 40.0  548 564  569 572  520 544  – –  572 598  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) –  3 –  ( 3) ( 3)  3 –  3 1  6 4  21 24  42 47  21 24  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  549 54 495  40.0 39.8 40.0  617 500 629  645 – 645  601 – 628  – – –  645 – 645  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 6 ( )  1 4 ( )  4 33 1  5 48 3 ( )  10 4 11  74 6 81  5 – 6  ( 3) – ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  251 98 92 153  39.8 39.6 39.5 40.0  621 552 552 665  678 540 540 697  540 528 508 678  – – – –  697 598 598 697  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  12 20 21 7  21 36 38 11  10 26 22 1  5 12 13 –  52 6 7 81  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  Secretaries .................................................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,679 1,199 134 106 1,065 1,480  39.9 39.8 39.7 39.6 39.8 40.0  582 551 589 611 546 607  582 555 574 591 554 596  542 481 491 548 479 582  – – – – – –  636 606 650 689 600 654  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  2 4 1 1 4 ( 3)  2 3 – – 3 ( 3)  2 2 1 1 2 1  2 3 1 1 4 ( 3)  9 17 24 9 16 2  11 18 12 15 18 6  35 24 20 25 25 45  15 17 16 15 17 13  17 5 10 13 4 27  3 1 6 8 1 4  1 2 6 8 2 ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 3 ( ) 1  1 1 1 1 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 2 3 ( ) –  ( 3) 1 – – 1 –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  76 76 76  39.6 39.6 39.6  434 434 434  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  20 20 20  – – –  4 4 4  3 3 3  16 16 16  11 11 11  22 22 22  24 24 24  1 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,087 402 363 685  39.8 39.6 39.6 40.0  547 507 510 570  582 504 511 582  509 465 464 582  – – – –  582 562 562 582  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  1 3 3 3 ( )  2 3 4 1  3 3 3 2  3 7 7 3 ( )  14 31 26 4  12 22 23 7  62 25 27 84  2 6 6 1  1 ( 3) 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  12  3  3  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  594 405 53 352 189  40.0 40.0 39.8 40.0 40.0  $578 571 603 566 592  $578 573 – 571 602  $543 528 – 519 563  – – – – –  $626 617 – 617 626  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – 1 –  ( 3) – – – 1  1 1 – 1 2  9 12 4 14 1  18 20 15 21 13  30 29 34 28 32  34 32 28 33 38  6 3 9 2 14  1 1 4 1 –  1 1 4 ( 3) –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 2 – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  776 210 172 566  40.0 39.9 40.0 40.0  642 621 613 650  654 613 599 654  614 571 568 641  – – – –  654 682 667 654  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 6 8 –  5 12 12 2  11 28 30 4  21 21 22 21  51 18 17 64  5 2 1 5  4 11 10 1  2 1 1 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 5 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  86 40  39.9 40.0  760 702  712 712  698 687  – –  868 712  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 2  12 2  14 22  41 72  – –  – –  17 –  3 –  12 –  Switchboard-Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  585 559 87 54 472 26  39.8 39.8 39.7 39.6 39.8 40.0  368 365 349 355 367 452  365 359 320 – 365 449  320 319 319 – 313 422  – – – – – –  416 403 320 – 405 449  1 1 – – 1 –  1 1 – – 1 –  1 1 – – 2 –  7 8 – – 9 –  22 23 76 70 13 –  14 14 8 13 15 –  11 12 – – 14 –  14 14 – – 17 –  11 9 – – 11 42  8 7 – – 8 42  4 4 6 – 4 –  5 4 6 9 4 12  2 2 5 7 1 4  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Word Processors ........................................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,661 148 148 1,513  39.9 39.3 39.3 40.0  510 511 511 510  530 497 497 530  481 470 470 481  – – – –  530 554 554 530  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 2 2 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) 3 3 –  1 5 5 1  10 10 10 11  21 31 31 20  61 22 22 65  3 8 8 2  1 5 5 3 ( )  2 12 12 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,492 84 84 1,408  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  511 479 479 512  530 478 478 530  485 461 461 494  – – – –  530 516 516 530  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 4 4 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – –  ( 3) 7 7 –  8 10 10 8  21 38 38 19  68 39 39 70  2 – – 3  ( 3) 1 1 ( 3)  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ......................................................  63  38.8  615  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  16  –  19  11  54  –  –  –  –  –  –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  13  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  6.50 and under 7.00  7.00 8.00  8.00 9.00  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 27.00 28.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 27.00 28.00 29.00  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  850 677 646 173  $11.10 10.23 10.07 14.51  $10.45 9.50 9.50 15.25  $8.75 8.50 8.50 12.37  – $13.04 – 11.50 – 11.20 – 16.13  1 1 1 –  8 10 10 –  19 22 23 8  17 21 22 4  13 14 15 8  10 12 12 2  7 6 6 9  10 9 7 13  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 2  7 2 2 28  2 1 1 2  2 1 1 3  4 – – 21  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  683 577 569 106  10.04 9.52 9.48 12.89  9.50 9.45 9.45 13.55  8.50 8.30 8.25 10.63  – – – –  11.00 10.62 10.50 15.72  1 1 1 –  10 11 12 –  24 26 26 12  22 24 25 7  16 17 17 13  11 13 13 2  6 5 4 12  4 2 2 14  ( 2) – – 3  6 – – 37  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  167 100 77 67  15.43 14.34 14.43 17.06  15.25 13.94 – 18.92  13.50 13.16 – 15.38  – – – –  17.87 15.82 – 18.92  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 3 4 1  10 13 17 4  35 51 40 12  1 1 1 –  14 14 16 15  8 10 12 4  8 8 10 7  22 – – 55  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  344 67 277  21.21 17.34 22.15  22.50 – 23.71  18.90 – 20.54  – – –  23.71 – 23.71  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 6 ( )  2 10 –  2 10 –  – – –  2 10 –  8 34 1  12 10 13  4 4 4  17 4 20  1 4 –  5 – 6  26 – 32  20 – 25  – – –  – – –  1 4 –  – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians ...... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  947 767 420 180  17.94 16.95 17.86 22.14  17.68 16.58 19.11 22.02  13.95 13.59 14.05 18.28  – – – –  21.11 20.67 21.11 26.45  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 3 3 –  6 8 7 –  4 5 9 1  12 15 5 1  6 7 7 3  7 8 9 3  7 8 4 4  6 5 1 8  5 4 4 8  7 7 7 6  10 12 17 5  7 7 12 9  8 6 10 16  2 3 4 1  1 1 – –  – – – –  6 1 2 28  – – – –  2 – – 9  Level 1 ......................................................  130  11.75  11.41  11.25  –  12.44  –  –  –  –  17  45  32  6  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  477 376 164 101  17.18 15.96 17.20 21.69  16.06 15.70 16.25 19.25  14.07 13.78 14.50 17.65  – – – –  18.28 17.02 20.67 26.45  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) – – 1  22 28 9 –  13 15 19 5  15 17 22 6  12 14 9 7  10 9 3 13  4 3 5 11  2 1 1 9  10 13 28 –  1 2 4 –  ( 2) 1 1 –  ( 2) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  10 – – 48  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  340 262 78  21.37 20.94 22.83  21.18 20.82 22.05  19.57 19.57 21.12  – – –  22.47 22.47 22.50  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  3 3 –  3 3 1  6 7 5  16 21 1  15 16 12  19 18 22  21 17 36  6 8 –  2 3 –  – – –  3 3 3  – – –  5 – 21  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry .........................................  205 205  18.67 18.67  17.26 17.26  15.23 15.23  – –  23.34 23.34  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  6 6  4 4  4 4  15 15  ( 2) ( 2)  28 28  1 1  ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  – –  39 39  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  546 368 87 87 281 178  17.18 16.38 20.65 20.65 15.06 18.83  17.42 15.83 21.10 21.10 15.00 20.29  14.50 13.50 21.10 21.10 13.00 16.46  – – – – – –  20.29 19.26 22.00 22.00 17.42 20.60  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 3 – – 4 –  10 14 – – 19 –  11 16 – – 21 –  5 5 1 1 6 7  12 13 5 5 15 9  8 7 – – 9 10  12 16 11 11 18 3  4 1 – – 1 12  6 6 – – 8 5  18 – – – – 54  8 12 51 51 – –  5 8 32 32 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  14  2  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Skilled Multi-Craft Maintenance Workers ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  Number of workers  628 413 370 370 215  Mean  Median  $19.96 18.98 18.83 18.83 21.84  $19.87 17.98 17.50 17.50 23.71  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  $17.50 17.50 17.50 17.50 21.94  – $22.60 – 21.37 – 22.09 – 22.09 – 23.71  6.50 and under 7.00  7.00 8.00  8.00 9.00  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 27.00 28.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 26.00 27.00 28.00 29.00  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  – – – – – 2  – – – – –  4 ( 2) 2 ( ) ( 2) 12  3 ( 2) 2 ( ) ( 2) 7  5 7 7 7 1  33 51 56 56 –  3 5 4 4 –  3 4 4 4 –  4 7 2 2 –  4 3 1 1 7  16 24 25 25 –  22 – – – 63  3 – – – 9  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  15  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Sacrament-Yolo, CA, March 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  4.50 and under 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.25  5.25 5.50  5.50 5.75  5.75 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00  Guards: Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,463 2,426 285  $6.55 6.48 13.37  $6.65 6.65 12.50  $5.50 5.40 12.19  – – –  $7.00 7.00 15.12  4 4 –  1 1 –  5 5 –  16 16 –  3 3 –  1 1 –  14 14 –  29 29 –  11 12 –  8 8 –  3 3 –  3 3 –  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) 7  1 ( 2) 5  ( 2) ( 2) 13  1 – 31  ( 2) ( 2) 3  – – 5  – – 24  – – 13  – – 1  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,594 2,452 2,415 142  6.81 6.53 6.45 11.71  6.65 6.65 6.55 12.19  5.50 5.40 5.40 11.05  – – – –  7.25 7.00 7.00 12.50  4 4 4 –  1 1 1 –  4 5 5 –  15 16 16 –  2 3 3 –  1 1 1 –  13 14 14 –  27 29 30 –  11 12 12 –  8 8 8 –  3 3 3 –  3 3 3 –  1 1 1 –  1 ( 2) 2 ( ) 13  1 1 2 ( ) 9  1 ( 2) 2 ( ) 24  3 1 – 54  ( 2) ( 2) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  154 143  14.76 15.03  15.12 15.12  14.19 14.91  – –  16.04 16.04  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 –  5 1  7 8  6 6  9 10  44 47  25 27  1 1  – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  4,984 3,151 117 117 3,034 1,833  8.85 7.52 12.05 12.05 7.34 11.14  8.56 6.62 11.39 11.39 6.50 11.24  6.25 6.00 9.93 9.93 6.00 9.81  – – – – – –  11.00 8.25 15.30 15.30 8.00 11.80  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  1 1 – – 1 –  6 10 – – 10 –  3 5 – – 5 –  17 27 – – 28 –  7 11 – – 11 –  7 11 2 2 11 –  4 6 1 1 6 –  4 6 7 7 5 3  2 2 2 2 2 1  2 2 1 1 2 3  9 4 27 27 3 19  12 6 3 3 6 21  15 4 21 21 4 32  4 1 – – 1 10  3 2 – – 2 5  2 ( 2) – – ( 2) 5  1 1 38 38 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Material Movement and Storage Workers ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  6,861 6,416 1,509 1,398 4,907 445  12.30 12.12 11.60 11.95 12.28 14.79  12.06 12.06 11.38 11.62 12.06 14.07  9.78 9.50 9.12 10.50 9.54 13.46  – – – – – –  15.38 15.77 13.92 14.01 15.77 15.38  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  1 1 – – 1 –  2 2 3 2 2 –  1 1 3 – 1 –  2 3 4 3 2 –  2 2 3 3 2 –  2 3 3 2 2 –  8 9 7 6 9 –  3 3 4 4 3 –  4 4 1 1 6 1  7 8 12 13 6 4  12 13 19 21 11 3  11 11 10 11 11 10  6 6 7 8 5 12  10 9 8 9 9 38  11 12 16 17 10 9  11 11 ( 2) ( 2) 15 ( 2)  2 2 ( 2) ( 2) 3 –  2 – – – – 23  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  308 301  8.19 8.14  7.53 7.47  6.50 6.50  – –  9.95 9.95  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14 15  19 19  16 16  9 9  3 3  5 5  – –  14 13  13 13  4 3  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  6,551 6,113 1,342 1,336 4,771 438  12.49 12.32 12.14 12.15 12.37 14.86  12.06 12.06 11.76 11.76 12.06 14.07  10.20 9.86 10.50 10.50 9.61 13.58  – – – – – –  15.77 15.77 14.01 14.01 15.77 15.38  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  1 1 – – 1 –  1 2 – – 2 –  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  2 2 2 2 2 –  2 2 3 3 1 –  2 2 3 3 2 –  8 9 7 6 9 –  3 4 4 4 3 –  4 4 1 1 5 2 ( )  7 7 14 14 6 4  13 13 21 21 11 2  12 12 12 12 12 11  7 6 8 8 6 12  11 9 9 9 9 38  12 12 18 18 10 9  11 12 ( 2) ( 2) 15 ( 2)  2 2 ( 2) ( 2) 3 –  2 – – – – 24  Forklift Operators .................................. Private industry ................................. Goods-producing industries .......... Manufacturing ...........................  841 841 417 411  12.14 12.14 10.46 10.49  11.32 11.32 10.97 10.97  9.01 9.01 8.80 8.82  – – – –  16.46 16.46 12.19 12.19  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 2 2  4 4 8 8  4 4 8 8  11 11 19 18  15 15 10 10  2 2 2 2  4 4 6 6  10 10 20 20  15 15 10 10  6 6 12 12  2 2 3 3  – – – –  12 12 1 1  13 13 ( 2) ( 2)  – – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks .................... Private industry ................................. Goods-producing industries .......... Manufacturing ........................... Service-producing industries ........  309 309 61 61 248  9.58 9.58 11.11 11.11 9.20  8.93 8.93 – – 8.86  8.25 8.25 – – 8.25  – – – – –  10.88 10.88 – – 9.86  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 2  12 12 23 23 9  5 5 – – 6  9 9 – – 11  26 26 15 15 29  13 13 11 11 13  5 5 2 2 6  6 6 – – 7  11 11 – – 13  4 4 3 3 4  2 2 10 10 –  5 5 23 23 –  3 3 13 13 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  16  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Sacrament-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.50 and under 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.25  5.25 5.50  5.50 5.75  5.75 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $17.69 – 17.69 – 16.87 – 16.05  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  3 3 6 –  2 2 3 –  1 ( 2) 1 3  3 3 4 3  4 4 5 6  3 3 3 6  10 10 17 14  2 1 2 14  15 15 20 22  20 19 24 32  37 40 15 –  – – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00  Truckdrivers ................................................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  3,775 3,544 2,057 231  $15.49 15.56 14.49 14.49  $16.06 16.16 15.30 15.01  $13.95 13.99 13.25 13.32  Medium Truck ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  431 378 358  13.07 13.03 13.09  13.85 13.85 13.85  11.47 11.25 11.25  – – –  14.11 14.03 14.32  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  11 13 13  5 6 6  – – –  1 ( 2) 2 ( )  11 10 8  5 4 2  41 42 44  3 3 3  21 19 20  3 3 3  – – –  – – –  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  1,759 1,743 1,335  15.44 15.44 15.25  16.05 16.05 16.16  14.82 14.82 13.45  – – –  16.97 16.97 16.97  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 1  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  4 5 5  4 4 4  3 3 3  11 11 14  2 2 3  19 19 17  32 33 29  23 23 23  – – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  17  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Number of holidays  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays ..........................  2  4  -  4  -  15  23  25  22  -  In establishments providing paid holidays ................................  98  96  100  96  100  85  77  75  78  100  -  -  ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1 ( ) 3 3 10 1 ( ) 4 ( 1) 14 ( 1) 1 10 1 ( ) 1 4 4 35 2 1 1 ( 1)  ( 1) ( 1) 3 1 1 ( ) 5 6 19 1 ( ) 8 1 24 1 1 19 1 2 3 1 1 ( 1) -  1 16 16 28 2 4 22 7 4 -  1 ( 1) 4 1 1 ( ) 6 4 19 1 ( ) 4 1 27 1 18 3 3 1 1 ( 1) -  -  1 1 1 1 ( ) 6 1 6 9 18 8 ( 1) 8 1 6 4 ( 1) ( 1) 3 1 ( 1) -  16 3 10 7 5 10 14 10 -  2 2 2 1  -  ( 1) 5 10 75 3 1 2 ( 1)  1 1 1 1 ( ) 4 1 ( ) 4 6 12 5 ( 1) 6 1 4 3 ( 1) 7 4 24 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  ( 1)  -  -  1  ( 1)  -  Number of holidays: 8 half days .................................................................... 9 half days .................................................................... 1 holiday ....................................................................... Plus 6 half days ...................................................... 2 holidays ..................................................................... 3 holidays ..................................................................... 4 holidays ..................................................................... 5 holidays ..................................................................... 6 holidays ..................................................................... 7 holidays ..................................................................... 8 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 9 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 10 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 11 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 12 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 13 holidays ................................................................... 14 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 15 holidays ................................................................... 16 holidays ................................................................... 17 holidays Plus 1 half day ........................................................  -  See footnotes at end of table.  18  3 -  -  8 1 9 6 24 7 ( 1) 9 4 ( 1) ( 1) 1 2 ( 1) -  ( 1) 19 12 63 2 1 2 ( 1)  -  ( 1)  1 -  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Number of holidays  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  Total paid holiday time2 2 days or more .................................................................... 3 days or more .................................................................... 4 days or more .................................................................... 5 days or more .................................................................... 6 days or more .................................................................... 7 days or more .................................................................... 8 days or more .................................................................... 9 days or more .................................................................... 10 days or more .................................................................. 11 days or more .................................................................. 12 days or more .................................................................. 13 days or more .................................................................. 14 days or more .................................................................. 15 days or more .................................................................. 16 days or more .................................................................. 17 days or more ..................................................................  98 98 96 95 95 92 89 79 75 60 49 39 4 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  96 96 93 92 91 86 81 62 53 29 8 3 1 ( 1) -  100 100 100 100 99 99 83 67 39 33 4 4 -  96 95 92 90 90 84 80 61 55 28 9 3 2 ( 1) -  100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 97 97 82 7 3 1 1  84 84 80 78 78 74 68 56 51 44 38 27 3 1 ( 1) ( 1)  76 76 70 67 66 60 51 33 25 15 5 5 1 ( 1) -  75 75 75 75 75 75 59 55 45 34 10 10 -  76 76 68 63 63 54 48 24 16 8 3 3 2 ( 1) -  100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 99 99 68 5 3 1 ( 1)  Average number of paid holidays where provided (in days) .....  11.0  9.2  9.3  9.2  12.9  10.1  8.2  10.0  7.5  12.8  1  Less than 0.5 percent. Full and half days are combined. For example, the proportion of workers receiving 10 or more days includes those receiving at least 10 full days, or 9 full days plus 2 half days, or 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. 2  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  19  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  100  100  100  6  9  7  10  -  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations ........................  -  -  -  -  -  In establishments providing paid vacations .............................. Length-of-time payment ...................................................... Flat sum .............................................................................. Other ...................................................................................  100 99 ( 1)  100 99 ( 1)  100 100 -  100 99 ( 1)  100 100 -  94 91 4 -  91 86 5 -  93 74 19 -  90 90 -  100 100 -  3 65 9 ( 1) 2 2  5 39 14 1 4 3  39 16 22  6 39 14 1 4 -  95 3 1 -  1 47 12 ( 1) 2 -  1 21 17 1 2 -  21 34 -  2 21 11 1 3 -  97 2 -  1 8  16 46 8 30 -  2 14 63 11 3 3 1 ( 1) 3 ( 1)  ( 1) 20 77 2 1 -  ( 1) 25 4 33 29 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  1 37 5 33 10 2 1 ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1)  31 19 28 14 1 -  1 40 35 8 2 1 ( 1) 1 3 ( 1)  -  42 41 4 1 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1)  2 14 61 11 6 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  1 1  2 2  2 1  48 42 5 1 ( 1) 1 1 1 ( )  72 11 7 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  52 12 30 -  75 11 4 3 1 ( 1) 3 ( 1)  ( 1) 19 78 2 1 -  ( 1) 5 4 51 30 3 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  1 7 7 59 11 3 1 ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1)  10 19 45 19 1 -  1 6 2 65 8 4 1 ( 1) 1 3 1 ( )  -  6  By vacation pay provisions for:2  Six months of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 1 year of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 2 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ...........................................  -  See footnotes at end of table.  20  1 34 64 1 -  1 34 64 1 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Total  Private industry State and local government  All industries  2 1 65 10 14 4 1 ( 1) 3 ( 1)  ( 1) 5 3 90 1 -  ( 1) 3 4 45 5 34 1 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  1 4 7 56 7 13 2 ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1)  7 19 41 5 22 -  1 2 2 62 8 9 3 ( 1) 1 3 1 ( )  ( 1) 24 2 74 -  Total  By vacation pay provisions for:2  3 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ...........................................  1 1  2 1  37 6 51 2 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1)  64 9 17 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  ( 1) 56 5 39 -  4 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 1 35 5 53 4 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 2 60 8 21 6 1 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) 1  54 5 34 7 -  ( 1) 2 61 8 18 6 1 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 4 2 91 2 1 -  2 5 42 3 34 7 ( 1) 1 ( ) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  3 7 53 3 12 10 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 35 5 14 14 -  2 3 61 2 11 9 ( 1) 1 2 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 20 4 75 2 -  5 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 7 2 78 6 2 2 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  ( 1) 2 13 2 64 9 4 2 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  27 5 53 7 8 -  ( 1) 2 10 2 66 9 3 2 2 ( 1) 3 ( 1)  -  1 4 14 3 61 8 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  2 6 21 3 43 10 3 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1)  7 19 25 5 23 14 1 -  ( 1) 1 19 2 52 9 4 ( 1) 1 1 3 ( 1)  -  See footnotes at end of table.  21  1  ( ) 1 95 3 1 -  ( 1) 4 93 3 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  2 6 12 1 ( ) 52 7 8 1 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 12 ( 1) 36 5 15 -  ( 1) 1 12 59 8 6 1 1 1 2 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 88 11 1 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  8 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 1 4 1 74 10 6 2 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 2 8 2 64 8 9 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  12 12 57 4 15 -  ( 1) 2 7 1 ( ) 65 9 9 3 2 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 86 12 1 1 -  1 4 8 1 ( ) 64 8 6 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  10 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 2 1 28 37 23 5 3 1 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  ( 1) 3 2 43 4 31 7 5 2 ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1)  -  ( 1) 3 2 44 4 28 7 6 2 ( 1) ( 1) 3 ( 1)  10 75 12 2 -  1 4 3 ( 1) 34 24 18 6 2 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  2 5 5 1 39 3 22 9 3 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1)  7 19 34 5 15 14 -  ( 1) 7 1 41 2 25 7 5 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 3 1 ( )  25 63 11 1 -  12 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 1 27 37 19 9 3 1 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 3 2 42 3 33 7 5 2 ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  -  ( 1) 3 2 44 3 30 7 6 2 ( 1) ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  -  1 4 3 ( 1) 31 24 17 9 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  2 5 5 1 38 1 24 9 3 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 34 20 14 -  ( 1) 7 1 39 2 26 7 5 ( 1) ( 1) 1 2 ( 1) 1  20 68 2 10 -  3 1 34 4 51 7 -  3 1 32 57 7 -  See footnotes at end of table.  22  -  8 77 2 12 -  -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Total  Private industry  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  -  ( 1) 3 2 13 2 58 7 8 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  State and local government  All industries  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  1 4 3 1 ( ) 10 2 58 6 8 1 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  2 5 5 1 15 1 43 8 7 1 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 15 32 14 7 -  ( 1) 7 1 15 2 48 6 7 1 1 ( ) 1 2 1 ( ) 1  -  1 4 3 1 ( ) 7 1 34 30 11 1 ( 1) 1 ( ) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  2 5 5 1 11 1 42 9 12 1 ( 1) 1 ( ) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 10 33 14 11 -  ( 1) 7 1 12 2 46 6 12 1 ( 1) 1 2 ( 1) 1  20 70 8 2 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  15 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 1 8 1 71 6 8 2 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 3 2 14 1 59 7 8 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  20 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 1 4 1 38 42 8 3 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 3 2 8 1 63 8 8 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  3 1 24 63 7 2 -  ( 1) 3 2 6 2 62 9 9 4 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  3 1 20 66 7 2 -  See footnotes at end of table.  23  1 85 4 9 1 -  8 81 9 2 -  4 85 2 8 1 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Total  Private industry  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  -  ( 1) 3 2 6 2 43 9 28 4 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  State and local government  All industries  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  1 4 3 1 ( ) 7 1 23 30 21 1 2 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  2 5 5 1 11 1 34 9 17 1 3 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 10 17 14 23 4 -  ( 1) 7 1 12 2 41 6 15 1 2 1 2 ( 1) 1  1 70 28 2 -  1 4 3 1 ( ) 7 1 23 30 15 1 8 1 ( ) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  2 5 5 1 11 1 34 9 17 1 3 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 10 17 14 23 4 -  ( 1) 7 1 12 2 41 6 15 1 2 1 2 ( 1) 1  1 70 10 2 18 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  25 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 1 4 1 25 42 22 3 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 3 2 8 1 45 8 26 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  30 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 1 4 1 24 42 20 3 2 1 ( ) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 2 8 1 44 8 27 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  3 1 20 58 7 10 -  ( 1) 3 2 6 2 42 9 29 4 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  3 1 20 58 7 10 -  See footnotes at end of table.  24  ( 1) 81 16 2 -  ( 1) 81 12 2 4 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Total  Private industry  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  -  ( 1) 3 2 6 2 42 9 29 4 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  2 5 5 1 11 1 34 9 17 1 3 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1  7 19 10 17 14 23 4 -  ( 1) 7 1 12 2 41 6 15 1 2 1 2 ( 1) 1  State and local government  By vacation pay provisions for:2  Maximum vacation available: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 1 4 1 24 42 20 3 2 ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 2 8 1 44 8 27 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  3 1 20 58 7 10 -  1  ( 1) 81 12 2 4 -  1 4 3 1 ( ) 7 1 23 30 15 1 8 ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  1 70 10 2 18 -  years include those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service.  Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Payments other than "length of time" are converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 20 years include changes between 15 and 20 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay for 20  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  25  Table B-3. Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Type of plan  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments offering at least one of the benefits shown below1 .................................................................................  100  100  100  100  100  98  97  100  96  100  Life insurance ..................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  93 92  90 87  92 92  90 87  97 97  87 84  81 76  88 88  78 72  98 98  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance ............... Wholly employer financed ............................................  47 39  73 58  60 60  75 58  16 16  41 38  54 50  55 55  54 48  15 15  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both ...... Sickness and accident insurance ................................. Wholly employer financed ...................................... Sick leave (full pay, no waiting period) ......................... Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period) ......................  97 64 61 90 3  95 42 37 81 6  94 31 27 90 -  95 44 39 79 7  100 90 90 100 -  81 48 47 68 6  71 35 33 51 10  64 25 20 59 4  74 39 39 48 12  100 73 73 100 -  Long-term disability insurance ............................................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  39 36  61 57  60 58  61 56  13 13  18 17  24 23  30 30  22 20  7 7  Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance ................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  79 50  75 25  78 49  75 21  84 78  73 39  66 24  58 38  70 19  87 67  Health maintenance organizations ..................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  95 64  90 38  84 24  91 40  99 95  88 53  82 38  81 49  82 34  99 81  Dental care ......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  97 69  94 45  98 70  94 41  100 99  94 66  91 48  98 72  88 39  100 99  Vision care .......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  81 61  67 31  61 52  68 28  98 97  72 55  57 32  58 52  57 23  99 98  Hearing care ....................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  53 48  21 11  30 26  19 9  92 92  40 37  14 9  24 14  10 7  90 90  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment ...................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  99 72  98 49  99 65  98 47  100 99  97 69  95 52  100 87  93 38  100 99  Retirement benefits2 ........................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  95 41  90 68  95 80  90 66  100 9  83 41  74 50  94 65  66 43  100 24  Defined benefit ............................................................. Wholly employer financed ......................................  77 34  57 56  70 70  55 54  100 8  63 36  43 43  51 51  40 40  100 24  Defined contribution ...................................................... Wholly employer financed ......................................  41 9  75 16  71 32  76 13  ( 3) ( 3)  34 4  52 6  56 15  51 3  ( 3) ( 3)  1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which the employer pays at least part of the cost. Excluded are plans required by the Federal Government such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement. 2 Establishments providing more than one type of retirement plan may cause the sum of the separate plans to be greater than the total for all retirement plans.  3  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  26  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Sacramento–Yolo, CA Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries, including health services); and State and local governments. 1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Sacramento–Yolo, CA Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from February 1996 through May 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of March 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of April 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Sacramento–Yolo, CA Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area (January 1994). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data.  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum.  A-1  Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  of the sample establishments (representing 9,886 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero. Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent.  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 13.9 percent of the sample establishments (representing 43,560 employees covered by the survey). An additional 3.8 percent  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows: Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  A-2  Percent of published occupational work levels 0.0 45.9 41.8 12.2  Paid holidays (table B-1). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated) during the year.  If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency, reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys.  Paid vacations (table B-2). Establishments reported their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual pay, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay provided. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic vacation plans were excluded. Paid vacation provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual pay, for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay. Paid vacation provisions by length-of-service relate to all white-collar or blue-collar workers in the establishment. Counts of these workers by actual length-of-service were not obtained in the survey. Insurance, health, and retirement plans (table B-3). Insurance, health, and retirement plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization (HMO). Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. Federally required plans such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement are excluded. Benefit plans legally required by State governments, however, are included. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $200 week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans2 which provide for continuing an employee's pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period.  Establishment practices and employee benefits The incidence of selected establishment practices and employee benefits was studied for full-time white- and blue-collar workers. White-collar workers include professional, technical, and related occupations; executive, administrative, and managerial occupations; sales occupations; and administrative support jobs, including clerical. Blue-collar workers include precision production, craft, and repair occupations; machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors; transportation and material moving occupations; handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers; and service jobs, except private households. Part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees are excluded from both the white- and blue-collar categories. Employee benefit provisions which apply to a majority of the white- or bluecollar workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all white- or bluecollar workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Benefits are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Retirement plans apply to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible.  A-3  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment plans provide at least partial payment for institutional treatment (in a hospital or specialized facility) for addiction to alcohol or drugs. Retirement plans provide lifetime payments, a lump sum, or a limited number of payments. Included are defined benefit plans in which the employer, promising to pay the employee a specified amount at retirement, contributes at a rate sufficient to fund these future payments. Defined contribution plans are those in which the employer agrees to contribute a certain amount but does not guarantee how much the plan will pay at retirement.  Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by Social Security, workers' disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance provide at least partial payment for: (1) Hospital room charges; (2) inpatient surgery; and (3) doctors' fees for hospital, office, or home visits. Such benefits may be provided through either independent health care providers or Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs). Under PPOs, participants are free to choose any provider, but receive care at lower costs if treatment is provided by designated hospitals, physicians, or dentists. These plans typically cover other expenses such as outpatient surgery and prescription drugs. An HMO provides comprehensive medical care in return for pre-established fees. Unlike insurance, HMOs cover routine preventive care as well as care required because of an illness and do not have deductibles or coinsurance (although there may be fixed copayments for selected services). HMOs may provide services through their own facilities; through contracts with hospitals, physicians, and other providers, such as individual practice associations (IPAs); or through a combination of methods. Dental care plans provide at least partial payment for routine dental care, such as checkups and cleanings, fillings, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or other dental care required as the result of an accident are not reported. Vision care plans provide at least partial payment for routine eye examinations, eyeglasses, or both. Hearing care plans provide at least partial payment for hearing examinations, hearing aids, or both.  Labor-management coverage This survey collected the percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements in this area. An establishment is considered to have an agreement covering all white- or blue-collar workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement determining wages and salaries. Therefore, all other white- or blue-collar workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management agreements in effect, or have agreements that apply to fewer than half of their white- or blue collar workers. Because establishments with fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the survey, estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements. 1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity. 2  An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  A-4  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Sacramento-Yolo, CA1, March 1996 Number of establishments  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Industry division2  Within scope of survey3  Total4 Percent  Full-time white-collar workers  Full-time blue-collar workers  Studied4  Number  Studied  All divisions .........................................................................................  1,245  168  409,027  100  165,965  107,004  206,400  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Construction5 .................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ....................................................... Wholesale trade7 .............................................................. Retail trade7 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate7 ................................ Services7 ..........................................................................  1,141 204 122 81 937  150 24 18 5 126  252,924 37,820 28,860 8,920 215,104  62 9 7 2 53  90,237 12,199 10,170 2,022 78,038  72,663 20,864 14,764 6,072 51,799  82,220 14,546 13,779 727 67,674  77 103 248 104 405  12 6 23 12 73  21,840 13,503 68,555 26,519 84,687  5 3 17 6 21  14,781 4,876 9,259 17,588 31,534  5,656 4,122 20,824 2,221 18,976  4,684 1,662 14,827 7,442 39,059  State and local government ..........................................................  104  18  156,103  38  75,728  34,341  124,180  Health services8 ............................................................................ Private industry ................................................................. Hospitals ................................................................................. Private industry .................................................................  87 87 16 16  21 21 12 12  35,423 35,423 19,705 19,705  9 9 5 5  13,898 13,898 5,257 5,257  9,171 9,171 4,906 4,906  22,570 22,570 18,117 18,117  1 The Sacramento-Yolo Consolidated Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through June 1994, consists of El Dorado, Placer, Sacramento, and Yolo Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In manufacturing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as  all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes part-time, seasonal, temporary, and other workers excluded from separate whiteand blue-collar categories. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. Separate data for this division are not presented in the B-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 8 Health services includes establishments primarily engaged in furnishing medical, surgical, and other health services to persons. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-5  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements, Sacramento-Yolo, CA, March 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Labor-management status  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  All industries  100  Private industry State and local government  All industries  100  100  100  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  100  100  Majority of workers covered ......................................................  45  6  8  6  91  50  26  35  23  99  None or Minority of workers covered ........................................  55  94  92  94  9  50  74  65  77  1  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  A-6
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