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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Dayton–Springfield, Ohio Metropolitan Area, March 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-16  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of March 1996 survey of occupational pay in the Dayton–Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, under the direction of Ronald H. Pritzlaff, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Chicago Regional Office at (312) 353-1880. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Office of Compensation Levels and Trends, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Room 4175, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1995, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Springfield, OH, BLS Bulletin 3080-12.  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Pay  Only  Dayton–  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Dayton–Springfield, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, March 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner August 1996 Bulletin 3085-16  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ..............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Tables:  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  All establishments:  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations...................................................................................  A-1.  administrative occupations ......................................................... A-2.  A-3.  occupations ................................................................................  Weekly hours and pay of professional and  12  13  3 Appendixes:  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ...................................................................  7  A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ..............................  9  B.  Occupational descripitons...............................................................  B-1  Introduction  households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  This survey of occupational pay in the Dayton–Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (Clark, Greene, Miami, and Montgomery Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. However, no benefits data were collected for this survey. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  3 – –  8 8 4  44 43 52  10 11 16  15 16 16  13 14 12  5 5 –  3 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  39 37 25  40.0 40.0 40.0  $527 531 515  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  237 199 119 118 80 38  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.9  583 593 589 589 600 527  $575 577 576 577 596 –  $530 543 556 560 527 –  – – – – – –  $615 615 596 596 633 –  – – – – – –  6 – – – – 37  4 3 2 2 5 11  21 23 17 16 31 11  40 43 61 61 17 24  11 12 3 3 25 5  9 10 13 13 5 8  4 4 1 1 7 5  4 5 4 4 5 –  1 2 – – 4 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  274 248 140 138 108 26  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.7 39.7  785 789 803 803 771 753  768 768 760 756 768 –  721 721 721 721 740 –  – – – – – –  824 826 893 893 800 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  7 4 1 1 7 38  10 10 11 11 9 8  20 22 27 28 16 –  23 23 15 14 32 23  20 21 18 17 24 15  6 6 6 7 6 –  4 5 7 7 2 –  7 7 12 12 – 12  2 2 1 1 3 –  1 ( 3) 1 1 – 4  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  109 107 72 72 35  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  1,025 1,024 1,060 1,060 948  1,038 1,038 1,096 1,096 –  929 923 981 981 –  – – – – –  1,096 1,096 1,101 1,101 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  6 6 8 8 –  6 7 4 4 11  7 7 – – 23  10 10 8 8 14  11 10 7 7 17  35 36 39 39 29  12 12 15 15 6  11 10 15 15 –  – – – – –  2 2 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  40 39 35 35  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,191 1,188 1,189 1,189  1,192 – – –  1,119 – – –  – – – –  1,201 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  17 18 20 20  50 51 51 51  17 15 11 11  15 15 17 17  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Engineers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries ..............  99 90 53  40.0 40.0 40.0  690 691 701  685 692 702  644 646 663  – – –  725 712 725  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 4 4  1 1 –  23 21 17  23 24 15  26 27 42  17 17 19  5 6 4  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  548 538 434 426 104  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  741 741 754 755 687  751 751 751 751 712  694 700 717 717 525  – – – – –  804 805 805 808 780  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 2 – – 12  3 3 – – 17  1 1 2 2 1  9 9 9 9 13  9 9 10 9 2  22 22 24 25 13  25 26 26 26 26  19 19 22 22 7  5 5 5 5 2  2 2 2 2 4  1 1 1 1 4  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  938 906 746 742 160 54 32  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  934 934 947 947 874 921 937  926 923 945 945 880 912 –  857 856 859 859 820 867 –  – – – – – – –  1,000 1,000 1,003 1,004 941 983 –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 – –  1 2 – – 9 – –  2 2 1 1 6 – 9  3 3 3 3 6 – 3  14 14 14 14 16 13 –  22 22 22 22 23 31 16  13 12 11 11 16 24 34  18 19 21 21 10 9 6  19 19 20 20 13 22 28  5 5 6 6 1 – 3  2 2 2 2 – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  – $1,224 – 1,224 – 1,236 – 1,237 – 1,160 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 5 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 5 –  – – – – – –  1 1 1 1 2 –  4 4 4 4 5 –  6 6 6 6 5 5  27 26 26 26 31 31  29 29 28 28 36 54  23 24 26 27 11 10  7 7 9 9 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  ( 3) – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Middle range  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  802 780 657 645 123 39  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,134 1,134 1,148 1,149 1,064 1,123  $1,138 1,138 1,148 1,153 1,094 –  $1,062 1,068 1,073 1,073 1,020 –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  247 233 177 172 56  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,324 1,325 1,364 1,364 1,204  1,317 1,321 1,345 1,337 1,206  1,221 1,221 1,289 1,287 1,122  – – – – –  1,389 1,389 1,442 1,444 1,311  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 2  5 6 1 1 20  13 12 10 10 20  24 23 21 22 30  33 35 38 36 25  13 12 14 15 4  5 6 7 8 –  3 3 5 5 –  3 3 4 4 –  Budget Analysts Level II: State and local government ..................  6  40.0  692  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  33  17  –  –  –  17  –  17  17  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  84 77 38 38 39 7  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.0  516 514 545 545 483 542  523 523 – – – –  454 462 – – – –  – – – – – –  568 566 – – – –  5 5 – – 10 –  18 18 – – 36 14  6 4 – – 8 29  39 40 66 66 15 29  19 19 13 13 26 14  12 13 21 21 5 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 – – – – 14  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  232 195 153 153 42 37  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  645 671 684 684 622 512  633 664 672 672 593 –  581 597 629 629 575 –  – – – – – –  714 714 715 715 677 –  – – – – – –  6 – – – – 38  6 – – – – 38  5 5 4 4 7 5  18 21 14 14 45 3  20 24 27 27 14 –  14 16 15 15 21 3  19 21 26 26 2 5  3 4 2 2 10 –  5 5 6 6 – 8  1 1 1 1 – –  1 2 2 2 – –  2 2 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  91 86 67 67  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  881 881 891 891  830 830 830 830  771 762 774 774  – – – –  938 973 982 982  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  22 23 24 24  9 9 4 4  23 22 25 25  15 16 16 16  7 3 1 1  9 9 10 10  3 3 1 1  5 6 7 7  7 7 9 9  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  4  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  Computer Programmers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  47 47 37 37  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $602 602 622 622  $629 629 – –  $538 538 – –  – – – –  $658 658 – –  – – – –  2 2 3 3  13 13 – –  19 19 19 19  9 9 8 8  21 21 27 27  19 19 24 24  15 15 19 19  – – – –  – – – –  2 2 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  182 175 67  40.0 40.0 40.0  705 707 650  714 716 615  617 617 577  – – –  790 795 707  – – –  – – –  3 2 4  7 7 12  9 9 19  13 13 21  15 14 16  14 14 9  19 20 –  11 11 9  7 7 9  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III: Private industry: Service-producing industries ............  42  40.0  709  691  633  –  780  –  –  –  –  7  29  19  17  14  5  –  10  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  226 215 85 85 130  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  786 790 877 877 733  788 793 868 868 757  680 680 812 812 654  – – – – –  862 865 924 924 806  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 2  4 3 – – 5  8 8 – – 14  15 14 – – 24  5 3 – – 5  22 23 24 24 22  19 20 20 20 19  12 12 18 18 8  7 7 16 16 2  6 7 16 16 –  2 2 6 6 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  625 606 105 104 501  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  885 887 983 983 867  882 884 981 981 868  820 825 889 889 815  – – – – –  943 944 1,079 1,079 929  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3)  3 3 – – 4  4 4 – – 5  10 10 9 9 10  19 19 2 2 23  21 21 16 16 22  20 20 16 16 21  11 11 11 11 11  8 8 25 25 4  3 3 17 17 –  ( 3) ( 3) 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  576 572 459  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,066 1,066 1,056  1,060 1,062 1,040  1,000 1,000 994  – – –  1,136 1,136 1,128  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  1 1 1  3 3 4  5 5 6  15 15 17  39 38 38  30 30 27  7 7 7  1 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  225 224 209  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,268 1,268 1,263  1,266 1,266 1,265  1,188 1,188 1,188  – – –  1,354 1,354 1,346  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  6 6 6  21 21 22  34 34 37  26 26 23  10 10 9  2 2 2  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  – $1,228 – 1,228 – 1,227  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 1  2 2 3  2 2 3  9 9 7  25 24 26  29 29 29  24 24 24  9 9 7  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Middle range  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  93 91 72  40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,124 1,125 1,116  $1,119 1,119 1,119  $1,019 1,014 1,006  Personnel Specialists Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  173 164 71 71 93 9  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.7  587 578 632 632 536 749  560 551 658 658 538 –  534 534 593 593 473 –  – – – – – –  658 658 679 679 551 –  1 1 – – 2 –  2 2 – – 3 –  13 13 3 3 22 –  31 32 15 15 45 –  14 14 18 18 11 22  11 10 11 11 10 22  19 20 38 38 6 –  6 5 13 13 – 11  1 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  2 1 – – 1 33  1 – – – – 11  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  238 196 102 101 94 42  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 39.9  795 800 842 842 755 771  791 803 828 828 763 756  738 740 791 791 700 729  – – – – – –  828 828 883 883 811 838  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 2 2 – –  1 1 – – 1 5  3 1 – – 1 12  9 11 1 1 22 –  16 13 5 5 22 26  24 22 22 22 23 29  27 31 36 37 26 7  10 9 15 14 3 12  4 5 8 8 1 2  3 3 5 5 – 2  3 3 6 6 – 5  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  105 93 54 54 39  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,003 1,013 1,060 1,060 947  1,019 1,019 1,019 1,019 –  900 935 1,019 1,019 –  – – – – –  1,087 1,100 1,142 1,142 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 1 – – 3  17 16 – – 38  4 3 4 4 3  9 9 6 6 13  10 10 7 7 13  34 35 52 52 13  22 24 28 28 18  2 2 4 4 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  6  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  179 163 58 56 105  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $443 438 451 450 431  $430 430 430 430 430  $396 393 415 412 360  – – – – –  $491 487 491 490 474  1 1 – – 2  1 1 – – 2  17 18 – – 29  7 6 9 9 4  16 18 29 29 11  17 17 19 20 15  7 8 – – 12  15 17 34 36 7  9 9 5 5 10  2 2 2 – 2  5 1 – – 2  1 1 2 2 1  1 1 – – 2  1 1 – – 1  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  101 98 37 37 61  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8  562 563 562 562 563  540 543 – – 521  490 490 – – 480  – – – – –  609 612 – – 646  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 2  3 3 5 5 2  4 4 – – 7  6 6 – – 10  17 17 24 24 13  12 12 – – 20  13 11 14 14 10  6 5 5 5 5  11 11 24 24 3  12 12 24 24 5  3 3 – – 5  7 7 3 3 10  5 5 – – 8  1 1 – – 2  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  46 46  40.0 40.0  651 651  640 640  578 578  – –  688 688  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  7 7  4 4  7 7  9 9  26 26  22 22  7 7  2 2  2 2  11 11  – –  – –  Drafters Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries ..............  105 95 58  40.0 40.0 40.0  489 483 495  480 480 480  456 454 480  – – –  525 525 547  – – –  – – –  2 2 3  3 3 –  9 9 –  1 1 –  19 21 19  26 28 45  12 7 –  19 20 22  3 1 –  6 6 10  1 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  140 139 117 116  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  601 602 612 613  588 588 588 588  556 556 556 563  – – – –  654 654 662 662  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 4 – –  – – – –  1 1 2 2  – – – –  9 9 11 10  15 14 13 13  30 30 31 31  12 12 10 10  17 17 21 21  11 11 13 13  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Engineering Technicians Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  88 88 83 83  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  483 483 482 482  497 497 497 497  433 433 433 433  – – – –  498 498 498 498  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  13 13 13 13  22 22 20 20  13 13 13 13  35 35 37 37  3 3 2 2  1 1 – –  6 6 5 5  2 2 2 2  6 6 6 6  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  230 230 183 183  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  663 663 685 685  670 670 674 674  605 605 636 636  – – – –  734 734 734 734  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 – –  6 6 1 1  4 4 2 2  6 6 7 7  25 25 19 19  26 26 32 32  15 15 19 19  14 14 18 18  2 2 2 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  259 259 175 175  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  709 709 707 707  720 720 720 720  636 636 620 620  – – – –  760 760 791 791  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  6 6 9 9  1 1 – –  20 20 24 24  17 17 12 12  26 26 21 21  17 17 19 19  10 10 11 11  2 2 3 3  1 1 2 2  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  7  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  –  –  14  7  17  14  17  14  3  –  –  –  14  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 –  13 13  – –  19 21  6 –  6 5  23 29  17 18  10 13  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level II ......................................................  29  40.0  $454  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  52 38  39.9 39.9  590 605  Level IV .....................................................  32  39.9  675  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  44  19  22  16  –  –  –  –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  413 413  39.8 39.8  516 516  512 512  470 470  – –  576 576  – –  – –  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  12 12  4 4  18 18  11 11  10 10  11 11  6 6  15 15  9 9  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  484 484  51.0 51.0  746 746  740 740  691 691  – –  740 740  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  – –  5 5  4 4  28 28  41 41  1 1  – –  – –  – –  18 18  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  1,057 1,053  40.0 40.0  699 700  744 744  650 650  – –  744 744  – –  – –  – –  1 ( 3)  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  4 4  1 1  18 18  16 16  49 49  9 9  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – $596 –  – $526 –  – – –  – $651 –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and  methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  8  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  Clerks, Accounting Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  507 445 95 82 350 63 62  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0 39.8  $348 340 383 386 328 336 407  $343 340 382 382 320 342 388  $302 290 343 343 288 290 356  – – – – – – –  $381 367 440 441 358 358 451  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 – 2  6 7 9 11 6 10 –  17 20 – – 25 16 –  17 19 3 2 23 17 5  13 13 15 12 12 21 16  18 18 7 5 21 24 11  13 12 32 32 6 6 21  4 4 1 1 5 2 5  5 4 18 20 – – 10  4 3 15 17 – – 8  2 ( 3) – – 1 3 11  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) 2 10  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 2  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  615 436 223 211 213 51 179  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.5  432 422 451 456 390 435 457  414 404 435 435 394 419 451  378 375 392 392 330 397 406  – – – – – – –  477 471 525 525 425 473 493  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 – – – –  1 1 – – 3 – 1  12 14 2 2 28 – 4  7 8 9 7 8 6 2  16 16 17 18 15 22 17  18 21 20 21 22 25 11  12 11 8 7 14 16 13  9 4 4 4 3 10 21  5 4 3 3 5 14 8  4 5 9 9 3 ( ) – 1  10 10 19 20 – – 9  4 2 2 2 2 8 10  2 3 6 7 – – 1  ( 3) – – – – – 2  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  129 78 64 51  39.9 40.0 40.0 39.7  482 486 477 476  481 481 481 461  440 481 479 416  – – – –  510 504 481 512  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  1 1 2 –  2 3 3 –  9 4 5 16  7 – – 18  8 4 5 14  9 9 8 8  33 49 59 10  12 9 5 16  7 12 5 –  9 8 6 12  3 1 2 6  – – – –  1 – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  Clerks, General Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  380 206 94 91 112 174  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.9  324 317 327 327 308 332  321 312 312 312 321 327  306 280 280 280 270 314  – – – – – –  345 344 357 357 330 345  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  8 14 – – 26 –  14 21 29 29 14 5  32 22 30 31 16 44  24 20 6 5 31 28  11 9 14 13 4 13  11 12 18 19 6 10  1 1 3 3 – 1  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  370 301 156 150 145 69  39.7 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.5 39.5  383 380 403 405 355 398  381 374 397 397 330 400  330 330 349 356 329 360  – – – – – –  424 413 453 462 394 433  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  4 4 – – 9 –  11 12 9 7 14 6  24 26 16 17 37 13  9 7 10 9 4 16  16 16 17 18 14 16  12 10 11 11 10 22  6 5 8 9 1 13  6 5 8 9 2 10  7 9 13 13 4 1  4 4 7 7 1 3  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  207 161 129 129 46  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.9  477 480 495 495 466  460 460 464 464 458  435 432 445 445 444  – – – – –  512 526 535 535 498  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) 1 – – –  4 5 5 5 –  2 2 – – –  4 5 3 3 2  11 11 5 5 11  16 13 14 14 28  21 23 27 27 15  7 2 2 2 24  14 12 12 12 20  10 12 15 15 –  3 4 5 5 –  4 6 7 7 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 4 5 5 –  – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  9  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  Clerks, Order Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  373 373  40.0 40.0  $329 329  $320 320  $300 300  – –  $360 360  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  4 4  56 56  12 12  3 3  23 23  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  279 244 235 35  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9  324 318 315 368  320 319 316 –  283 276 276 –  – – – –  344 341 339 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 1 –  6 7 7 –  13 15 15 –  15 16 17 3  16 12 12 43  27 31 29 3  3 ( 3) ( 3) 17  6 7 8 –  6 5 5 17  4 5 5 –  2 1 – 6  – – – –  1 – – 11  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  142 116 68  40.0 40.0 40.0  421 424 363  416 416 365  360 360 350  – – –  501 501 416  – – –  – – –  – – –  9 11 19  2 3 4  1 – –  1 – –  15 16 28  11 7 3  23 26 44  6 1 1  2 2 –  1 – –  11 13 –  11 13 –  7 9 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  54 50 42  39.8 39.8 39.7  381 372 367  374 371 360  334 334 334  – – –  396 391 390  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  6 6 7  24 26 31  20 22 19  26 28 29  11 10 5  7 8 10  – – –  2 – –  – – –  4 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  39 27 12  39.7 39.7 39.8  501 491 524  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  8 11 –  3 4 –  10 11 8  44 37 58  18 26 –  – – –  18 11 33  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  343 252 165 91  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  367 351 338 411  354 339 334 397  333 329 321 382  – – – –  394 366 354 440  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 4 5 –  5 7 11 –  4 6 9 –  37 50 45 –  10 13 19 2  30 14 5 73  2 3 5 –  1 1 1 2  ( 3) – – 1  6 – – 21  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  560 397 59 338 163  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.6  456 443 469 438 489  464 447 464 441 514  419 406 452 398 450  – – – – –  497 488 502 482 552  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – 4  – – – – –  1 – – – 4  1 1 – 1 –  2 3 – 3 –  4 5 – 6 –  10 14 3 16 1  9 11 7 12 5  16 17 10 18 13  17 20 39 16 9  18 20 12 22 13  7 7 27 3 7  7 2 2 2 18  8 – – – 27  ( 3) ( 3) – ( 3) –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  436 329 131 130 198 40 107  39.9 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 39.7  534 529 547 547 517 504 552  527 526 540 541 524 501 532  490 465 464 464 470 470 522  – – – – – – –  564 564 560 560 565 524 560  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) 1 – – 1 – –  3 4 2 2 6 10 –  6 8 11 12 5 10 –  5 6 7 7 5 – 1  8 9 7 6 11 13 5  6 8 6 6 9 13 –  18 14 9 9 17 32 31  15 10 14 14 8 – 28  25 28 24 24 30 10 17  5 4 2 2 5 2 8  6 5 7 7 4 10 10  2 2 6 6 – – –  2 2 6 6 – – –  – – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  87 61 38 26  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  636 619 609 677  648 625 – –  575 540 – –  – – – –  697 667 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 2 3 –  5 5 8 4  6 8 8 –  10 11 11 8  9 11 8 4  20 23 21 12  25 26 37 23  16 5 – 42  6 7 5 4  2 2 – 4  See footnotes at end of table.  10  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  446 388 110 105 58  39.8 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.9  $321 316 319 318 350  $306 300 315 315 345  $274 270 280 280 307  – – – – –  $371 357 352 352 395  – – – – –  1 1 – – 2  2 2 4 4 –  24 28 13 13 3  14 14 27 28 12  17 16 15 16 26  10 10 12 10 12  10 9 19 20 12  14 14 2 1 14  2 1 5 5 10  3 4 2 2 2  2 2 2 2 3  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – 3  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Word Processors Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  152 53 26 99  39.5 39.4 38.9 39.5  460 451 426 465  466 476 – 459  431 435 – 409  – – – –  496 478 – 530  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 11 23 –  2 – – 3  5 2 4 6  8 2 4 11  5 – – 7  13 19 15 9  18 8 4 24  23 49 46 9  3 8 4 1  11 – – 17  9 2 – 12  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  11  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  – $12.10 – 12.10 – 12.10 – 12.10 – 10.50 – 12.84  6.00 and under 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  ( 2) 1 – – 2 –  ( 2) 1 – – 2 –  2 1 – – 4 3  4 5 – – 15 –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1 1  3 2 – – 7 5  8 7 8 7 3 14  3 2 2 2 2 4  10 12 16 16 5 1  23 26 20 21 38 7  6 6 7 7 5 4  3 2 2 2 1 9  22 20 27 27 6 32  10 12 13 13 11 –  – – – – – –  5 3 4 4 – 19  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  441 367 245 242 122 74  $11.11 10.97 11.42 11.44 10.07 11.82  $10.50 10.50 11.00 11.00 10.50 12.05  $10.15 10.15 10.27 10.49 8.98 9.51  Maintenance Electricians: Private industry: Service-producing industries ................  72  15.55  15.63  14.78  –  15.98  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  6  3  19  47  19  –  1  –  4  –  –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  42 41  11.88 11.86  11.43 11.43  10.65 10.65  – –  12.98 12.98  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14 15  12 12  26 27  7 7  17 15  21 22  – –  – –  – –  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  258 249 84  16.86 16.88 15.79  16.83 16.83 16.16  14.01 13.95 15.23  – – –  21.30 21.30 16.83  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  10 11 7  14 15 8  9 8 7  10 10 27  19 18 40  3 2 6  7 7 2  ( 2) ( 2) 1  – – –  27 28 –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  123 118 64  17.61 17.60 18.44  17.60 17.60 18.33  16.30 16.30 17.37  – – –  18.45 18.40 19.75  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  7 8 –  13 14 6  22 21 16  11 10 9  24 25 38  11 10 14  10 10 14  1 1 2  1 1 2  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  662 636 614 614  19.35 19.52 19.66 19.66  21.88 21.88 21.88 21.88  15.61 16.82 17.14 17.14  – – – –  21.88 21.88 21.88 21.88  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  8 7 7 7  13 12 13 13  5 5 2 2  4 3 3 3  8 8 8 8  3 3 3 3  – – – –  – – – –  60 62 64 64  – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  430 298 219 116 79 62 132  15.37 15.24 15.52 18.97 14.44 14.79 15.66  15.00 13.87 15.00 20.90 13.65 14.88 15.77  12.50 11.90 11.50 18.36 12.50 12.50 14.53  – – – – – – –  17.73 19.25 20.90 21.65 15.63 15.63 16.80  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 2) 1 1 – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) – – – –  4 6 9 – – – –  4 6 8 – – – –  ( 2) – – – – – 2  3 5 6 8 – – –  5 8 11 3 – – –  11 14 11 3 25 27 2  13 11 3 5 32 18 19  4 2 1 2 5 6 10  17 13 8 – 27 34 24  8 ( 2) ( 2) – – – 25  6 – – – – – 18  5 7 9 17 – – –  2 3 – – 11 15 –  4 6 8 15 – – –  13 18 25 47 – – –  – – – – – – –  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry .........................................  614 614  19.95 19.95  21.92 21.92  16.58 16.58  – –  21.98 21.98  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  18 18  3 3  6 6  ( 2) ( 2)  2 2  2 2  – –  68 68  – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  12  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $14.06 – 14.06  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 –  2 –  11 –  32 41  – –  49 59  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00  Forklift Operators: Private industry: Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ...............  53 41  $13.05 13.48  $12.92 14.06  $12.50 12.50  Guards Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  977 925 885 52  6.92 6.74 6.54 10.11  6.50 6.25 6.00 9.02  5.25 5.25 5.25 9.02  – – – –  8.39 7.55 7.47 11.89  2 2 2 –  6 6 7 –  21 22 23 –  12 12 13 –  8 9 9 –  5 5 5 –  17 18 17 –  2 2 2 –  7 7 7 19  11 11 12 –  3 1 1 40  1 1 ( 2) 2  1 1 1 6  2 2 1 10  1 – – 17  ( 2) – – 6  2 2 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  349 342 215  11.56 11.54 10.10  11.42 11.42 9.56  9.31 9.31 8.83  – – –  14.63 14.63 11.82  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 4  1 1 1  2 2 3  3 4 6  9 9 14  12 12 19  3 4 6  8 8 13  16 16 15  11 10 15  5 5 4  26 27 ( 2)  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  4,260 3,378 569 551 2,809 882  8.44 7.91 14.23 14.47 6.63 10.48  7.08 6.50 18.26 18.26 6.25 10.46  6.00 6.00 9.79 9.79 5.60 9.64  – – – – – –  9.86 8.53 18.29 18.29 7.50 11.21  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2) –  1 1 – – 1 –  11 14 1 1 17 –  7 9 – – 11 –  20 25 1 1 30 1  8 10 13 10 10 1  4 5 1 1 6 1  4 5 3 3 6 1  2 2 3 3 2 4  10 11 1 1 13 6  3 3 2 3 3 5  5 2 5 5 1 14  8 ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 36  3 1 6 7 – 10  4 1 6 6 ( 2) 16  1 1 2 3 ( 2) 3  ( 2) – – – – 1  ( 2) – – – – ( 2)  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – –  7 9 55 57 – –  – – – – – –  Material Handling Laborers ....................... Private industry .........................................  217 217  12.97 12.97  13.00 13.00  7.50 7.50  – –  17.67 17.67  – –  – –  4 4  4 4  4 4  – –  10 10  7 7  – –  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 6  25 25  – –  – –  – –  29 29  4 4  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry .........................................  390 389  10.22 10.21  9.50 9.50  8.00 8.00  – –  12.20 12.20  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  14 14  4 4  8 8  2 2  19 20  16 16  4 4  4 4  14 14  6 6  ( 2) ( 2)  8 8  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  13  – –  6 6 – –  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Dayton-Springfield, OH, March 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $10.73 – 10.73 – 10.73  – – –  – – –  19 19 22  6 6 6  10 10 11  2 2 2  3 3 3  2 1 1  7 7 4  6 6 1  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  40 41 46  3 3 3  – – –  2 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00  Truckdrivers Light Truck ................................................ Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  265 258 232  $8.43 8.31 8.30  $8.55 8.55 8.46  $6.00 5.75 5.50  Medium Truck ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries ..............  569 568 54  12.44 12.45 8.44  10.60 10.60 8.55  9.85 9.85 8.05  – – –  13.00 17.46 9.00  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 4  2 2 –  5 5 41  2 2 26  3 3 30  19 19 –  20 20 –  13 13 –  7 7 –  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  25 25 –  – – –  Heavy Truck ............................................. Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  404 341 164 160  11.61 11.19 11.83 11.85  10.82 10.82 10.82 10.82  10.20 10.00 10.40 10.40  – – – –  12.66 11.16 11.75 11.75  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 6 – –  3 3 – –  2 3 – –  7 7 6 6  41 48 67 66  13 15 6 6  8 2 4 4  7 9 3 3  ( 2) – – –  8 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 6 13 14  – – – –  Tractor Trailer: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  90 86  13.88 13.95  14.30 14.30  13.95 13.95  – –  14.30 14.30  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 5  4 2  – –  22 21  69 72  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  942 920 385 385  13.33 13.37 12.34 12.34  13.36 14.10 12.75 12.75  12.75 12.75 12.68 12.68  – – – –  15.00 15.00 13.36 13.36  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  1 1 2 2  2 2 1 1  5 5 11 11  3 3 1 1  5 4 5 5  2 1 3 3  19 18 38 38  14 14 34 34  3 3 5 5  46 47 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  33  10.38  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15  –  –  –  –  9  9  24  –  –  36  –  –  6  –  –  –  –  Warehouse Specialists .............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries: Transportation and utilities ...............  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  14  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Dayton–Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Datyon–Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from January 1996 through June 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of March 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of March 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Dayton–Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (March 1992). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in A-1  Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent.  Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows:  Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 7.4 percent of the sample establishments (representing 17,268 employees covered by the survey). An additional 7.8 percent of the sample establishments (representing 13,331 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero.  Percent of published occupational work levels 4.0 61.0 30.0 5.0  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error. If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time.  A-2  reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys. Approximately 8 percent of the 371 sampled job match decisions reviewed by the JMV reviewers and checked with the respondents were subsequently changed by the JMV reviewers. These results are from a similar survey conducted in 1994, see Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Dayton–Springfield, OH, BLS Bulletin 3075-11.  Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency,  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  A-3  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Dayton-Springfield, OH1, March 1996 Number of establishments Industry  division2  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied Number  Percent  All divisions .........................................................................................  1,106  202  284,686  100  118,741  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Construction5 .................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ....................................................... Wholesale trade7 .............................................................. Retail trade7 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate7 ................................ Services7 ..........................................................................  1,016 319 291 26 697  176 53 44 7 123  238,727 89,041 86,073 2,719 149,686  84 31 30 1 53  91,668 34,750 33,233 1,268 56,918  49 73 253 41 281  19 6 13 12 73  13,328 7,594 49,697 7,265 71,802  5 3 17 3 25  7,440 818 11,366 4,943 32,351  State and local government ..........................................................  90  26  45,959  16  27,073  1 The Dayton-Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through October 1984, consists of Clark, Greene, Miami, and Montgomery Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In goods producing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the  same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within an area) at or above the minimum limitations. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-4
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