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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Nashville, Tennessee, Metropolitan Area, May 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-15  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a May 1996 survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Nashville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, under the direction of Ronald H. Pritzlaff, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay and benefit data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Chicago Regional Office at (312) 353-1880. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Office of Compenstion Levels and Trends, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Suite 4175, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1994, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Nashville, TN, BLS Bulletin 3075-5.  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Nashville, Tennessee, Metropolitan Area, May 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner August 1996 Bulletin 3085-15  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ..............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Tables: Establishment practices and employee benefits: All establishments:  B-1.  Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .....................................  12  A-1.  B-2.  Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers ....................  13  B-3.  Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations .........................................................  A-2.  3  full-time workers .........................................................................  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ...................................................................  6  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ..............................  8  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations ................................................................................  occupations ................................................................................  10  11  18  Appendixes: A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Introduction  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments.  This survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Nashville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area (Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Robertson, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson, and Wilson Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  Establishment practices and benefit tables The B-series tables provide information on paid holidays; paid vacations; and insurance, health, and retirement plan provisions for full-time, white- and bluecollar employees. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants ................................................ Private industry .........................................  1,340 1,037  39.5 40.0  $703 732  $673 721  $548 577  – –  $808 846  – –  1 –  5 3  11 10  17 16  20 16  18 20  14 16  7 8  4 5  1 2  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  154 145  39.9 40.0  479 479  463 463  462 462  – –  504 504  – –  – –  16 14  53 55  29 29  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  406 285  39.3 40.0  568 585  577 577  500 547  – –  619 633  – –  2 –  10 3  12 8  38 45  34 40  4 4  ( 3) –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  557 435  39.6 40.0  746 779  761 777  673 721  – –  820 829  – –  – –  1 –  3 –  4 ( 3)  19 11  37 46  28 34  7 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  191 140  39.4 40.0  936 1,002  942 1,038  843 930  – –  1,038 1,038  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 –  9 –  8 –  14 14  27 34  27 37  10 14  1 1  1 –  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Attorneys ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  260 83 177  38.5 39.8 37.9  1,063 1,402 904  1,010 1,302 826  734 1,302 689  – – –  1,302 1,684 1,059  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 – 3  7 – 10  10 – 15  11 – 16  11 2 15  8 6 9  7 – 10  6 11 4  3 4 2  18 37 10  4 11 1  ( 3) – 1  7 13 4  3 8 1  2 5 –  ( 3) 1 –  – – –  ( 3) 1 –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  137 54 83  38.6 39.8 37.8  1,072 1,260 949  1,154 1,302 830  813 1,188 723  – – –  1,302 1,302 1,206  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  9 – 16  15 – 24  12 4 17  7 9 6  4 – 7  9 15 5  4 4 5  34 56 20  4 9 –  – – –  1 2 –  – – –  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  48 20  38.9 37.8  1,477 1,249  1,636 1,049  1,168 917  – –  1,715 1,636  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 20  6 15  8 20  2 –  2 –  2 –  10 5  – –  35 35  17 5  6 –  2 –  – –  – –  Engineers .................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  2,264 1,791 473  39.7 40.0 38.4  918 949 800  903 939 782  747 769 661  – – –  1,066 1,100 888  ( 3) – ( 3)  ( 3) – 1  ( 3) – 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1  6 4 12  12 11 18  17 16 21  12 9 23  19 22 5  11 12 8  10 12 6  6 7 1  3 3 2  1 1 –  2 2 1  ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  163 102 61  39.7 40.0 39.2  630 639 616  661 661 679  567 577 515  – – –  714 683 714  1 – 3  2 – 5  4 – 10  4 4 5  28 35 16  32 40 18  27 18 43  2 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  426 343 83  39.7 40.0 38.7  712 700 761  701 692 786  637 637 593  – – –  778 756 880  – – –  – – –  ( 3) – 2  1 – 4  11 9 19  36 41 18  29 34 7  16 14 25  2 2 2  4 – 22  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  726 563 163  39.6 40.0 38.2  876 910 756  887 918 703  779 815 607  – – –  962 973 846  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 – 19  9 2 31  21 21 21  17 17 15  32 41 2  10 13 –  6 4 11  1 1 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  666 549 117  39.7 40.0 38.1  1,062 1,096 905  1,067 1,100 843  972 998 782  – – –  1,175 1,202 959  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 6  6 1 25  8 3 34  20 22 11  21 23 9  22 26 4  15 17 3  8 8 7  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  186 142 44  39.5 40.0 37.7  1,227 1,310 958  1,229 1,321 892  964 1,124 851  – – –  1,530 1,530 1,034  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 5  12 – 50  16 17 11  11 6 25  7 8 2  13 16 2  10 13 –  4 5 –  25 31 5  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  $702 817 630  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  $606 673 537  – – –  $900 995 703  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 and over  – – –  1 – 3  5 4 9  4 1 10  15 13 19  24 21 34  12 9 18  15 18 6  7 10 –  4 5 –  8 11 –  1 1 1  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  3 4 –  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Scientists ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  549 395 154  39.4 40.0 38.0  $795 859 632  Level 1 ......................................................  38  39.7  503  –  –  –  –  –  11  34  11  16  29  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  169 98  39.0 40.0  614 637  613 680  538 592  – –  684 684  – –  – –  8 –  9 1  28 34  37 51  18 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  147 95 52  39.4 40.0 38.4  769 825 665  800 820 678  697 800 589  – – –  824 840 699  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 2  9 – 25  26 11 54  12 14 10  41 59 10  7 11 –  4 6 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Scientists, Computer/Engineering ............ Private industry .........................................  358 354  39.9 39.9  807 806  760 760  654 654  – –  933 944  – –  – –  4 4  1 1  14 14  23 23  10 10  21 20  11 11  6 6  5 5  1 1  2 2  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  1 1  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  98 98  40.0 40.0  637 637  680 680  592 592  – –  684 684  – –  – –  – –  1 1  34 34  51 51  14 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  99 95  40.0 40.0  827 825  820 820  800 800  – –  846 840  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  10 11  13 14  61 59  10 11  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS Budget Analysts .........................................  38  38.8  609  –  –  –  –  3  –  21  13  29  11  5  5  3  8  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Buyer/Contracting Specialists .................. Private industry .........................................  502 417  39.7 40.0  682 717  679 680  498 541  – –  842 893  ( 3) –  4 –  8 6  13 12  15 13  22 24  10 11  9 11  13 15  5 6  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  85 53  39.3 40.0  455 468  450 483  432 432  – –  488 506  1 –  11 –  40 42  28 32  20 26  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  226 175  39.6 40.0  607 630  585 623  494 526  – –  702 750  ( 3) –  4 –  4 2  18 19  25 24  23 25  20 23  6 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  185 183  40.0 40.0  863 860  896 896  680 680  – –  975 961  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  31 31  3 3  17 17  34 34  11 11  4 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Programmers ............................ Private industry .........................................  255 139  38.9 39.7  615 627  586 581  523 548  – –  674 865  – –  2 1  14 20  5 2  33 30  25 22  7 –  15 25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  120 92  39.2 39.6  539 549  556 563  440 440  – –  596 604  – –  2 –  26 26  7 2  41 46  23 26  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 2100  2100 and over  Computer Systems Analysts ..................... Private industry .........................................  859 736  39.6 39.8  $785 814  $769 811  $639 699  – –  $897 923  – –  – –  2 –  3 2  10 8  18 17  18 20  23 25  11 12  10 12  2 3  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  385 333  39.6 39.9  659 681  677 699  560 620  – –  746 753  – –  – –  5 –  6 4  18 17  30 33  28 31  10 12  2 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  319 249  39.5 39.8  838 885  865 867  759 827  – –  924 985  – –  – –  – –  2 –  6 ( 3)  11 6  13 14  39 43  9 12  19 24  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  155 154  39.7 39.7  987 987  962 962  896 896  – –  1,067 1,067  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 5  22 22  34 34  19 19  13 13  6 6  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers ............................. State and local government ......................  31 7  39.7 39.3  1,231 1,018  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 14  3 14  – –  6 –  3 14  19 29  45 29  6 –  3 –  – –  – –  3 –  6 –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1: State and local government ..................  7  39.3  1,018  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  14  14  –  –  14  29  29  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Personnel Specialists ................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  958 840 118  39.8 40.0 38.8  807 825 678  758 773 645  612 625 561  – – –  933 962 779  – – –  ( 3) – 3  4 4 3  3 2 10  17 17 20  18 17 27  13 13 14  17 17 15  7 7 4  4 4 3  6 7 –  3 4 –  ( 3) – 2  4 5 –  – – –  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  335 296  39.8 40.0  584 589  572 579  500 500  – –  654 668  – –  ( 3) –  5 4  10 7  42 44  24 23  19 21  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  317 268  39.7 40.0  769 788  797 807  660 667  – –  850 880  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) –  6 3  30 28  15 13  36 41  11 13  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  269 244 25  39.9 40.0 39.6  1,137 1,166 857  1,100 1,148 –  942 963 –  – – –  1,295 1,450 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 3 12  18 14 60  12 11 20  12 12 8  21 23 –  9 10 –  – – –  16 18 –  – – –  8 9 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers .............  39  38.6  1,086  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  3  28  8  5  18  3  8  15  –  3  –  3  –  –  –  Director of Personnel ................................. Private industry .........................................  55 54  40.0 40.0  1,006 998  752 752  752 752  – –  1,164 1,058  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  55 56  – –  – –  20 20  5 6  – –  2 2  7 6  5 6  – –  2 2  – –  – –  4 4  – –  Tax Collectors: Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  63 63  40.0 40.0  447 447  449 449  412 412  – –  474 474  – –  14 14  37 37  49 49  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  6 6  37.5 37.5  501 501  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  17 17  17 17  – –  67 67  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  5  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 and over  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators .................................. Private industry .........................................  420 374  39.4 39.6  $448 456  $442 442  $383 390  – –  $494 499  – –  – –  1 –  1 ( 3)  7 6  5 5  10 10  6 7  10 10  15 16  22 23  5 6  12 13  4 4  – –  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  314 276 38  39.4 39.6 38.2  427 436 362  436 440 353  358 366 300  – – –  475 475 416  – – –  – – –  2 – 13  1 – 8  8 7 18  7 7 8  13 12 18  8 8 3  11 12 11  17 18 5  17 17 13  6 6 3  11 13 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  89 81  39.5 39.6  513 518  478 478  452 454  – –  594 606  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  – –  3 2  2 2  8 7  10 10  35 37  3 2  13 12  15 16  – –  9 10  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Drafters ........................................................ Private industry .........................................  211 147  39.0 39.6  476 534  460 548  358 460  – –  566 602  – –  – –  3 –  9 –  2 –  10 8  4 1  4 4  8 5  5 5  17 22  7 10  13 18  5 7  3 4  4 5  5 7  1 2  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  90 64  38.7 39.1  474 506  460 548  420 460  – –  555 566  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  8 6  9 2  3 3  9 –  1 –  30 38  10 13  23 33  4 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  60 60  40.0 40.0  604 604  602 602  482 482  – –  700 700  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  13 13  13 13  10 10  10 10  12 12  10 10  13 13  13 13  5 5  – –  – –  – –  Engineering Technicians ........................... Private industry .........................................  508 244  39.0 39.5  556 638  548 603  384 540  – –  747 727  14 –  1 –  4 –  1 –  1 –  3 –  2 –  2 –  2 –  4 5  7 11  12 24  6 9  10 16  5 11  9 6  3 4  2 4  6 5  3 5  4 2  Level 2 ......................................................  154  38.4  457  488  384  –  540  –  –  11  1  1  5  6  3  3  12  17  30  6  5  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  131 73  39.6 39.6  639 625  635 625  584 584  – –  737 674  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  1 –  2 –  2 –  – –  2 –  11 21  9 16  29 33  12 22  31 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ......................................................  77  39.7  721  747  631  –  867  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  1  –  5  –  16  8  13  8  17  4  23  4  –  Engineering Technicians, Civil ................. State and local government ......................  148 140  40.0 40.0  573 563  587 579  486 481  – –  661 643  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 9  1 1  3 3  7 7  7 8  6 6  22 23  18 19  18 19  10 5  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  45 45  40.0 40.0  452 452  442 442  375 375  – –  553 553  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  29 29  2 2  7 7  22 22  13 13  – –  27 27  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  37 37  40.0 40.0  580 580  572 572  541 541  – –  587 587  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14 14  16 16  51 51  3 3  – –  16 16  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4: State and local government ..................  56  40.0  648  643  613  –  699  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  5  2  45  46  2  –  –  –  –  –  776  38.5  341  328  282  –  374  –  –  1  41  6  12  16  9  5  4  6  ( 3)  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – –  3 3  16 16  7 7  19 19  13 13  4 4  13 13  25 25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS Corrections Officers: State and local government ...................... Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  638 638  53.0 53.0  537 537  549 549  447 447  – –  617 617  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  – –  3  ( ) ( 3)  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 and over  Police Officers ............................................ State and local government ......................  1,411 1,411  40.2 40.2  $556 556  $532 532  $491 491  – –  $651 651  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  2 2  5 5  19 19  26 26  4 4  11 11  30 30  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  1,399 1,399  40.2 40.2  556 556  542 542  492 492  – –  651 651  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  2 2  5 5  19 19  25 25  4 4  11 11  30 30  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  12 12  42.5 42.5  503 503  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  50 50  50 50  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  7  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 and over  Clerks, Accounting ..................................... Private industry .........................................  2,522 1,707  39.3 40.0  $388 398  $374 385  $327 337  – –  $446 452  – –  – –  2 ( 3)  3 ( 3)  7 6  11 13  15 16  13 12  9 9  10 11  6 6  7 7  6 6  4 5  3 3  2 3  1 2  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  1,316 969  39.4 40.0  351 359  340 340  320 320  – –  385 386  – –  – –  4 ( 3)  4 ( 3)  6 6  18 22  23 26  15 15  7 8  12 13  4 3  5 5  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  – –  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  980 607  39.2 40.0  418 439  420 446  360 390  – –  481 490  – –  – –  – –  2 –  10 6  2 1  7 5  12 9  11 11  7 7  10 13  8 10  15 17  7 10  5 6  2 3  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  206 124 82  39.2 39.9 38.1  491 507 466  473 520 454  419 421 402  – – –  564 592 493  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) – 1  1 – 4  2 1 5  13 15 11  13 10 16  7 3 12  15 14 16  5 – 12  8 10 5  10 15 4  10 15 2  12 18 4  3 – 9  – – –  – – –  – – –  Clerks, General ...........................................  1,661  39.0  320  303  272  –  356  ( 3)  5  6  15  17  15  13  9  4  6  4  3  –  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 1 ......................................................  112  39.3  263  262  262  –  267  4  6  6  67  7  4  5  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ......................................................  658  38.7  289  294  250  –  323  –  11  13  13  24  17  14  3  4  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  751 345  39.0 40.0  341 327  334 302  296 296  – –  386 354  – –  ( 3) 1  2 –  13 12  15 26  16 29  10 4  16 9  6 2  9 10  8 ( 3)  4 8  – –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Clerks, Order ............................................... Private industry .........................................  535 535  40.0 40.0  346 346  330 330  320 320  – –  380 380  – –  – –  1 1  – –  12 12  17 17  38 38  6 6  14 14  5 5  3 3  3 3  – –  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  447 447  40.0 40.0  332 332  330 330  320 320  – –  337 337  – –  – –  1 1  – –  14 14  21 21  45 45  7 7  9 9  – –  2 2  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators ................................... Private industry .........................................  1,122 1,011  39.6 39.8  336 338  320 320  280 280  – –  381 381  – –  2 –  1 –  12 14  16 17  24 26  6 5  13 13  5 4  12 13  6 7  1 1  1 1  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  766 680  39.6 39.9  314 316  300 300  280 280  – –  327 320  – –  2 –  2 –  18 20  24 25  29 32  4 2  9 8  1 ( 3)  9 9  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  356 331 25  39.7 39.8 38.8  383 383 389  387 381 387  350 350 367  – – –  420 420 400  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) –  13 15 –  9 9 16  21 22 16  15 12 44  19 19 16  17 18 4  3 3 –  2 2 –  ( 3) – 4  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Personnel Assistants ................................. Private industry .........................................  553 483  39.8 40.0  413 415  415 417  372 377  – –  444 444  – –  – –  – –  1 ( 3)  2 1  3 3  3 3  16 17  14 14  20 21  20 22  8 8  5 5  1 1  3 2  2 2  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  199 172 27  39.7 39.9 38.5  451 456 419  445 445 –  415 417 –  – – –  465 478 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 4  3 2 4  7 6 7  5 3 15  18 16 26  24 25 19  21 22 15  10 10 7  2 2 4  4 5 –  5 5 –  3 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 4 ......................................................  25  40.0  458  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  32  16  8  16  4  16  –  –  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  8  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 and over  Secretaries .................................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,510 916 594  39.4 39.9 38.6  $456 466 439  $435 440 431  $371 371 363  – – –  $519 527 499  – – –  – – –  ( 3) – ( 3)  1 ( 3) 3  5 3 8  5 5 6  7 9 5  8 9 7  8 9 6  12 12 12  7 5 10  9 10 8  7 4 11  7 8 5  4 4 4  5 5 4  7 6 9  4 7 ( 3)  1 1 1  2 2 ( 3)  1 1 ( 3)  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  432 140 292  39.0 40.0 38.5  371 349 381  358 330 387  311 308 316  – – –  423 378 438  – – –  – – –  ( 3) – ( 3)  5 1 6  13 16 12  13 21 10  13 24 9  11 12 11  8 5 9  12 10 13  10 3 13  4 4 5  6 4 8  3 – 4  1 – 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  293 206 87  40.0 40.0 39.8  446 418 512  450 404 505  396 363 452  – – –  500 462 576  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  7 10 –  8 11 –  6 9 1  6 9 –  22 23 17  1 1 –  14 14 16  8 5 15  13 14 9  2 – 8  5 4 9  7 – 24  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  692 502  39.4 39.9  495 502  473 472  404 401  – –  576 598  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  1 –  4 4  8 10  9 11  10 10  8 7  10 11  7 4  8 8  4 4  7 7  10 8  8 11  1 1  3 4  1 1  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  89 64  39.0 39.5  577 578  548 549  523 524  – –  647 646  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  2 2  1 –  6 6  4 3  6 5  7 9  24 25  10 9  15 17  9 13  12 11  2 –  1 –  Switchboard-Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  745 711 34  39.9 39.9 39.6  354 355 326  354 354 –  310 310 –  – – –  385 385 –  – – –  1 1 –  7 6 24  9 9 3  3 2 18  9 9 6  15 16 3  28 28 26  8 8 9  4 5 3  8 8 9  5 6 –  ( 3) ( 3) –  2 2 –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  Word Processors ........................................ Private industry .........................................  323 260  39.6 40.0  389 398  355 363  338 338  – –  444 458  – –  – –  ( 3) –  3 –  1 ( 3)  6 5  36 43  15 9  8 7  3 3  5 7  4 3  4 5  4 5  9 11  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  111 105  40.0 40.0  473 476  487 487  423 425  – –  529 529  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  2 2  2 2  15 12  7 8  11 11  8 7  11 11  11 11  26 28  5 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  9  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 6.50 and under 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $11.95 – 11.95 – 12.23  4 3 5  3 3 3  7 8 3  7 7 7  2 2 4  4 2 8  3 1 11  28 33 8  4 3 8  4 5 3  12 13 10  10 11 6  4 2 9  4 3 7  2 2 3  2 2 2  ( 2) – 1  1 1 1  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,043 831 212  $10.53 10.49 10.66  $10.45 10.45 10.51  $9.46 9.71 9.14  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  673 552 121  9.50 9.53 9.36  10.00 10.00 9.46  8.17 8.17 8.30  – – –  10.27 10.45 10.27  5 5 8  4 4 6  10 11 6  10 10 12  3 2 7  5 4 12  5 2 17  42 49 11  5 4 10  4 4 5  ( 2) – 2  3 3 2  1 1 1  1 ( 2) 2  – – –  ( 2) – 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  370 279 91  12.39 12.39 12.39  12.00 12.00 12.61  11.95 11.95 11.50  – – –  12.98 12.80 13.18  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 3  1 – 2  2 ( 2) 5  3 3 5  5 6 –  34 38 21  22 25 11  9 5 21  10 9 13  5 5 7  6 7 4  1 – 3  2 2 3  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  333 287 46  15.48 15.71 14.05  15.23 15.98 14.66  13.48 13.50 12.82  – – –  18.11 19.25 15.23  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) – 2  1 1 –  ( 2) – 2  ( 2) ( 2) –  1 – 7  ( 2) – 2  – – –  20 21 13  3 1 13  20 23 2  5 – 33  17 18 13  2 – 13  1 1 –  6 7 –  24 28 –  – – –  – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians: State and local government ......................  12  13.85  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  –  –  –  17  8  –  58  8  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  12  13.85  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  –  –  –  17  8  –  58  8  –  –  –  –  –  –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... State and local government ......................  706 67  13.95 14.00  13.43 14.05  12.50 13.69  – –  15.04 15.04  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 2) 4  ( 2) –  ( 2) 1  ( 2) 3  – –  5 3  13 –  13 –  21 –  12 15  3 33  24 40  – –  – –  – –  8 –  – –  – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  585 510 75  14.34 14.17 15.46  13.25 12.60 16.63  12.17 12.17 13.48  – – –  17.01 14.75 17.84  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 5  – – –  – – –  6 7 3  33 38 1  9 9 9  9 9 7  6 6 7  8 7 15  2 2 –  1 – 5  6 – 48  8 9 –  9 10 –  – – –  3 3 –  Skilled Multi-Craft Maintenance Workers ..................................................... Private industry .........................................  3,013 2,990  15.53 15.51  16.37 16.37  13.11 13.11  – –  16.37 16.37  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  19 19  – –  8 8  – –  13 13  1 1  47 48  ( 2) –  1 –  – –  10 10  1 1  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry .........................................  477 477  16.04 16.04  14.74 14.74  14.42 14.42  – –  16.35 16.35  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  17 17  36 36  – –  26 26  – –  – –  – –  20 20  – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  10  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Nashville, TN, May 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00  Guards ......................................................... Private industry .........................................  1,294 1,239  $7.99 7.98  $6.50 6.50  $5.50 5.40  – –  $9.57 9.58  ( 2) ( 2)  4 4  4 4  16 17  8 9  16 16  8 8  6 5  4 4  3 3  2 2  2 2  3 3  5 5  6 6  1 1  ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2)  2 2  – –  8 8  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  1,018 963  6.60 6.50  6.00 6.00  5.25 5.00  – –  7.00 7.00  ( 2) ( 2)  5 5  5 5  20 21  10 11  20 20  10 10  7 6  5 5  2 2  1 ( 2)  2 ( 2)  2 2  4 4  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  276 276  13.12 13.12  12.86 12.86  9.49 9.49  – –  17.10 17.10  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  1 1  8 8  9 9  6 6  7 7  9 9  5 5  4 4  1 1  – –  38 38  – –  – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  4,752 4,255 497  6.66 6.56 7.54  6.00 6.00 7.31  5.00 5.00 6.69  – – –  7.30 7.00 8.38  5 5 –  8 9 –  1 1 –  20 22 7  11 12 3  17 18 11  6 5 10  9 8 19  5 5 12  4 3 13  3 2 11  1 1 9  1 1 1  3 3 3  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  2 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 3 –  – – –  Material Movement and Storage Workers ....................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  9,786 9,742 44  10.84 10.85 10.32  10.28 10.28 10.56  8.43 8.43 9.59  – – –  11.62 11.62 11.62  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) –  4 4 –  1 1 2  5 5 2  7 7 5  8 8 9  10 10 2  4 4 2  5 5 7  16 16 25  16 16 45  3 3 –  6 6 –  2 2 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) –  3 3 –  9 9 –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  7,482 7,445 37  11.17 11.17 10.54  10.35 10.35 –  8.95 8.85 –  – – –  11.74 11.75 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 4 –  1 1 3  1 1 3  2 2 3  6 6 8  11 11 –  5 5 3  5 6 –  19 19 27  20 20 54  4 4 –  7 7 –  2 2 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) –  4 4 –  7 7 –  – – –  Forklift Operators .................................. Private industry .................................  1,972 1,972  10.12 10.12  9.65 9.65  8.76 8.76  – –  10.35 10.35  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  – –  – –  11 11  20 20  8 8  12 12  32 32  7 7  3 3  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 5  – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks .................... Private industry .................................  1,546 1,532  10.73 10.73  10.40 10.35  8.85 8.85  – –  12.45 12.45  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  5 5  14 14  8 8  4 4  8 8  16 16  12 11  12 12  18 18  2 2  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  Truckdrivers ................................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  2,072 2,039 33  14.50 14.59 8.60  15.00 15.00 –  10.18 10.18 –  – – –  19.42 19.42 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) – 18  2 2 9  ( 2) ( 2) 3  1 1 –  1 1 6  4 4 3  2 2 3  1 1 9  5 5 3  15 15 45  9 9 –  4 4 –  2 2 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  9 9 –  2 2 –  4 4 –  11 11 –  27 27 –  1 1  9 9  Light Truck ................................................  157  7.56  8.00  6.00  –  8.13  –  –  –  –  4  24  4  12  1  35  1  14  –  4  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Medium Truck ........................................... Private industry .....................................  1,092 1,076  12.88 12.92  11.30 11.30  10.00 10.00  – –  16.31 16.31  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  2 2  3 3  – –  10 10  27 26  16 16  7 7  3 3  – –  4 4  3 3  7 7  ( 2) ( 2)  16 16  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry .....................................  823 823  17.97 17.97  18.08 18.08  17.00 17.00  – –  19.97 19.97  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  2 2  2 2  1 1  1 1  ( 2) ( 2)  17 17  1 1  1 1  28 28  46 46  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  11  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 White-collar workers Number of holidays  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays ..........................  5  6  1  9  10  1  In establishments providing paid holidays ................................  95  94  99  91  90  99  ( 1) 1 ( 1) 2 11 1 6 2 1 ( ) 17 10 ( 1) 14 24 2 ( 1) 1 2 1 1 ( )  ( 1) 1 ( 1) 3 14 1 8 3 1 ( ) 22 13 1 15 7 2 ( 1) 1 1 1 -  ( 1) 1 2 9 77 5 4 1 ( )  ( 1) 1 3 14 1 9 ( 1) 9 13 ( 1) 17 19 1 2 3 1 ( )  ( 1) 1 4 17 2 11 ( 1) 10 15 ( 1) 12 13 ( 1) 2 3 -  ( 1) ( 1) 7 3 38 46 3 1 1 ( )  2 days or more .................................................................... 3 days or more .................................................................... 4 days or more .................................................................... 5 days or more .................................................................... 6 days or more .................................................................... 7 days or more .................................................................... 8 days or more .................................................................... 9 days or more .................................................................... 10 days or more .................................................................. 11 days or more .................................................................. 12 days or more .................................................................. 13 days or more .................................................................. 14 days or more .................................................................. 15 days or more .................................................................. 16 days or more ..................................................................  95 95 94 94 91 80 72 55 44 30 6 4 3 1 1 ( )  94 93 92 92 89 75 64 41 28 13 5 4 3 1 -  99 99 99 99 99 98 98 97 95 86 9 5 5 ( 1) 1 ( )  91 91 91 90 87 72 63 54 41 24 5 4 3 ( 1) 1 ( )  90 90 90 88 84 66 55 45 30 19 5 5 3 -  99 99 99 99 99 99 99 92 89 50 4 1 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  Average number of paid holidays where provided (in days) .....  9.1  8.4  11.0  8.8  8.5  10.4  Number of holidays: 2 holidays ..................................................................... 3 holidays ..................................................................... 4 holidays ..................................................................... 5 holidays ..................................................................... 6 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 7 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 8 holidays ..................................................................... 9 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 10 holidays ................................................................... 11 holidays ................................................................... 12 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 13 holidays ................................................................... 14 holidays ................................................................... 15 holidays ................................................................... 16 holidays ...................................................................  1 -  -  Total paid holiday time2  1  Less than 0.5 percent. Full and half days are combined. For example, the proportion of workers receiving 10 or more days includes those receiving at least 10 full days, or 9 full days plus 2 half days, or 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. 2  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  12  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 White-collar workers Item  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations ........................  1  ( )  1  ( )  -  3  4  -  In establishments providing paid vacations .............................. Length-of-time payment ...................................................... Percentage payment ..........................................................  99 99 ( 1)  99 99 ( 1)  100 100 -  97 97 -  96 96 -  100 100 -  Six months of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................  1 42 1 ( 1) ( 1)  1 54 1 ( 1) ( 1)  -  1 24 2 ( 1) -  1 26 ( 1) ( 1) -  14 9 -  1 year of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  16 1 ( ) 53 20 5 ( 1) 5 ( 1) ( 1)  19 1 ( ) 66 1 7 ( 1) 7 ( 1) -  ( 1) 47 1 36 11 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 57 1 36 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  -  6 1 10 82 1 1  3 1 36 60 ( 1) 1  -  -  6 2 59 22 5 ( 1) 5 ( 1) ( 1)  8 2 72 3 7 ( 1) 7 ( 1) -  ( 1) 1 15 82 1 1  ( 1) 30 1 53 13 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 36 1 56 3 ( 1) ( 1) -  ( 1) 1 39 60 ( 1) 1  -  -  4 2 60 23 6 ( 1) 5 ( 1) ( 1)  5 2 74 4 7 1 ( ) 7 ( 1) -  -  ( 1) 14 5 60 17 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 17 6 64 8 ( 1) 1 ( ) ( 1) -  -  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  By vacation pay provisions for:2  2 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 3 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  See footnotes at end of table.  13  4 4 -  -  1 15 82 1 1  1 39 60 ( 1) 1  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  All industries  Private industries  Blue-collar workers State and local government  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  ( 1) 12 5 61 18 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 14 6 65 9 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  1 39 60 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 2 39 20 25 10 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 2 41 22 27 3 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  29 13 14 43 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 2 23 6 53 12 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  ( 1) 2 27 7 54 4 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  4 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  -  -  4 2 60 23 6 ( 1) 5 ( 1) ( 1)  5 2 74 5 7 ( 1) 7 ( 1) -  5 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) ( 1) 24 11 34 19 5 2 ( 1) 3 ( 1)  ( 1) ( 1) 29 14 42 1 7 2 ( 1) 5 ( 1)  8 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) ( 1) 15 7 46 20 5 1 ( 1) 4 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) ( 1) 20 9 55 2 7 1 ( 1) 6 ( 1)  See footnotes at end of table.  14  1 15 82 1 1  9 4 8 78 1 ( ) 1  2 2 16 79 ( 1) 1 -  -  2 3 44 50 ( 1) 1 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  Blue-collar workers State and local government  All industries  Private industries  10 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 8 ( 1) 40 6 20 20 ( 1) 4 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 11 49 6 26 2 ( 1) 6 1 ( )  -  12 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... Over 7 and under 8 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 7 ( 1) 37 9 21 20 ( 1) 4 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 10 47 8 27 2 ( 1) 6 ( 1)  -  15 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 5 ( 1) 22 2 45 21 ( 1) ( 1) 4 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 6 26 3 56 2 ( 1) ( 1) 6 1 ( )  -  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  ( 1) 2 12 ( 1) 46 12 16 8 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  ( 1) 2 15 49 11 18 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  ( 1) 3 29 15 9 43 1 -  ( 1) 2 12 ( 1) 41 16 17 9 ( 1) 1 ( ) ( 1) -  ( 1) 2 14 49 11 19 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  -  ( 1) 2 5 ( 1) 35 8 35 10 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  ( 1) 2 7 41 10 34 1 ( 1) ( 1) -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  15  1 2 13 5 1 78 1 -  1 2 6 11 1 79 1 -  1 1 7 ( 1) 10 80 ( 1) 1 -  ( 1) 3 3 35 9 50 1 -  ( 1) 2 3 1 40 53 ( 1) 1 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  All industries  Private industries  20 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 5 ( 1) 14 ( 1) 51 3 4 ( 1) ( 1) 4 ( 1) 18 ( 1)  ( 1) 6 16 66 2 4 1 ( 1) 6 ( 1)  25 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 5 ( 1) 14 ( 1) 42 2 12 1 1 4 1 ( ) 18 ( 1)  ( 1) 6 16 55 2 13 1 2 6 ( 1)  30 years of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 5 ( 1) 14 42 2 12 1 1 4 ( 1) 18 ( 1)  ( 1) 6 16 54 2 14 1 2 6 ( 1)  Blue-collar workers State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  ( 1) 2 5 ( 1) 17 ( 1) 54 3 7 1 ( 1) ( 1) 7 -  ( 1) 2 7 20 64 ( 1) 2 1 ( 1) -  ( 1) 1 2 1 10 17 27 1 42 -  ( 1) 2 5 ( 1) 15 ( 1) 44 2 18 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 7 -  ( 1) 2 7 18 51 ( 1) 16 ( 1) 1 2 -  ( 1) 1 2 1 10 12 27 5 1 42 -  ( 1) 2 5 1 ( ) 15 44 2 18 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 7 -  ( 1) 2 7 18 51 ( 1) 16 ( 1) 1 2 -  ( 1) 1 2 11 12 27 5 1 42 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  16  1 ( 1) 6 1 2 7 7 1 75 -  1 ( 1) 6 1 2 5 7 2 1 75 -  1 ( 1) 6 3 5 7 2 1 75 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  All industries  Private industries  ( 1) 5 ( 1) 14 42 3 12 1 1 4 1 ( ) 18 ( 1)  ( 1) 6 16 54 2 14 1 2 6 ( 1)  Blue-collar workers State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  ( 1) 2 5 ( 1) 15 44 2 18 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 7 -  ( 1) 2 7 18 51 ( 1) 16 ( 1) 1 2 -  ( 1) 1 2 10 13 27 5 1 42 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  Maximum vacation available: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................ 1  1 ( 1) 6 2 6 7 2 1 75 -  Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay for 20 years include those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service.  Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Payments other than "length of time" are converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 20 years include changes between 15 and 20 years. Estimates are cumulative.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  17  Table B-3. Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers, Nashville, TN, May 1996 White-collar workers Type of plan  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments offering at least one of the benefits shown below1 .................................................................................  99  99  100  99  98  100  Life insurance ..................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  97 67  96 81  99 22  94 78  92 84  99 53  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance ............... Wholly employer financed ............................................  87 60  86 74  91 17  84 71  82 76  92 51  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both ...... Sickness and accident insurance ................................. Wholly employer financed ...................................... Sick leave (full pay, no waiting period) ......................... Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period) ......................  91 38 36 73 3  89 49 46 65 4  99 2 2 99 -  79 47 44 47 7  75 55 52 36 8  99 11 11 99 -  Long-term disability insurance ............................................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  48 40  60 49  11 11  47 39  48 38  42 42  Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance ................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  94 19  93 23  99 5  84 20  80 22  99 8  Health maintenance organizations ..................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  58 10  48 12  89 2  51 15  44 18  85 6  Dental care ......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  51 17  60 20  21 6  49 24  49 25  48 20  Vision care .......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  23 7  29 8  2 2  34 13  41 15  4 4  Hearing care ....................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  5 2  6 2  1 1  14 8  17 10  1 1  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment ...................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  88 19  84 24  99 5  86 24  83 28  99 8  Retirement benefits2 ........................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  88 68  85 59  99 97  83 59  79 53  99 88  Defined benefit ............................................................. Wholly employer financed ......................................  75 67  68 58  98 96  67 55  60 48  97 87  Defined contribution ...................................................... Wholly employer financed ......................................  65 2  61 3  79 2  48 5  47 5  52 3  1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which the employer pays at least part of the cost. Excluded are plans required by the Federal Government such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement. 2 Establishments providing more than one type of retirement plan may cause  the sum of the separate plans to be greater than the total for all retirement plans. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  18  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Nashville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Nashville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from April 1996 through June 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of May 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of May 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Nashville, TN Metropolitan Statistical Area (February 1994). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in A-1  Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent.  Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals. The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The statistics in this bulletin are derived from a probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. Establishment practices and employee benefits The incidence of selected establishment practices and employee benefits was studied for full-time white- and blue-collar workers. White-collar workers include professional, technical, and related occupations; executive, administrative, and managerial occupations; sales occupations; and administrative support jobs, including clerical. Blue-collar workers include precision production, craft, and repair occupations; machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors; transportation and material moving occupations; handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers; and service jobs, except private households. Part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees are excluded from both the white- and blue-collar categories. Employee benefit provisions which apply to a majority of the white- or blue-collar workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all white- or blue-collar workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Benefits are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Retirement plans apply to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible.  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 20.5 percent of the sample establishments (representing 47,838 employees covered by the survey). An additional 5.3 percent of the sample establishments (representing 8,016 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero.  A-2  (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by Social Security, workers' disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance provide at least partial payment for: (1) Hospital room charges; (2) inpatient surgery; and (3) doctors' fees for hospital, office, or home visits. Such benefits may be provided through either independent health care providers or Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs). Under PPOs, participants are free to choose any provider, but receive care at lower costs if treatment is provided by designated hospitals, physicians, or dentists. These plans typically cover other expenses such as outpatient surgery and prescription drugs. An HMO provides comprehensive medical care in return for pre-established fees. Unlike insurance, HMOs cover routine preventive care as well as care required because of an illness and do not have deductibles or coinsurance (although there may be fixed copayments for selected services). HMOs may provide services through their own facilities; through contracts with hospitals, physicians, and other providers, such as individual practice associations (IPAs); or through a combination of methods. Dental care plans provide at least partial payment for routine dental care, such as checkups and cleanings, fillings, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or other dental care required as the result of an accident are not reported. Vision care plans provide at least partial payment for routine eye examinations, eyeglasses, or both. Hearing care plans provide at least partial payment for hearing examinations, hearing aids, or both. Alcohol and drug abuse treatment plans provide at least partial payment for institutional treatment (in a hospital or specialized facility) for addiction to alcohol or drugs. Retirement plans provide lifetime payments, a lump sum, or a limited number of payments. Included are defined benefit plans in which the employer, promising to pay the employee a specified amount at retirement, contributes at a rate sufficient to fund these future payments. Defined contribution plans are those in which the employer agrees to contribute a certain amount but does not guarantee how much the plan will pay at retirement.  Paid holidays (table B-1). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated) during the year. Paid vacations (table B-2). Establishments reported their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual pay, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay provided. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic vacation plans were excluded. Paid vacation provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual pay, for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay. Paid vacation provisions by length-of-service relate to all white-collar or blue-collar workers in the establishment. Counts of these workers by actual length-of-service were not obtained in the survey. Insurance, health, and retirement plans (table B-3). Insurance, health, and retirement plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization (HMO). Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. Federally required plans such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement are excluded. Benefit plans legally required by State governments, however, are included. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $200 week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans2 which provide for continuing an employee's pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and  A-3  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  Labor-management coverage This survey collected the percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements in this area. An establishment is considered to have an agreement covering all white- or blue-collar workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement determining wages and salaries. Therefore, all other white- or blue-collar workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management agreements in effect, or have agreements that apply to fewer than half of their white- or blue collar workers. Because establishments with fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the survey, estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements.  2  An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  A-4  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Nashville, TN1, May 1996 Number of establishments  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Industry division2 Within scope of survey3  Total4  Studied Number  Percent  Full-time white-collar workers  Full-time blue-collar workers  Studied4  All divisions .........................................................................................  1,301  153  369,611  100  135,907  165,541  137,939  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Construction5 .................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ....................................................... Wholesale trade7 .............................................................. Retail trade7 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate7 ................................ Services7 ..........................................................................  1,249 363 286 76 886  133 31 22 8 102  293,871 110,194 103,067 7,007 183,677  80 30 28 2 50  103,856 24,680 23,101 1,574 79,176  136,320 81,992 78,218 3,659 54,328  74,650 18,655 17,643 892 55,995  93 156 200 85 352  15 7 14 12 54  21,119 15,741 51,790 18,913 76,114  6 4 14 5 21  6,490 5,896 17,994 11,909 36,887  12,939 9,437 12,848 4,261 14,843  8,238 1,014 9,131 4,601 33,011  State and local government ..........................................................  52  20  75,740  20  32,051  29,221  63,289  1 The Nashville Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through June 1994, consists of Cheatham, Davidson, Dickson, Robertson, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson, and Wilson Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In manufacturing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as all locations of a government entity.  4 Includes part-time, seasonal, temporary, and other workers excluded from separate white- and blue-collar categories. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. Separate data for this division are not presented in the B-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates.  Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-5  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements, Nashville, TN, May 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Labor-management status  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  All industries  100  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  -  -  State and local government  All industries  100  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  -  -  State and local government  100  Majority of workers covered ......................................................  2  3  -  -  -  18  20  -  -  9  None or Minority of workers covered ........................................  98  97  -  -  100  82  80  -  -  91  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  A-6
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