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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Area, April 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-12  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of an April 1996 survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in San Francisco, under the direction of Caryl L. O’Keefe, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay and benefit data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS San Francisco Regional Office at (415) 975-4350. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1993, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Jackson, MS, BLS  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145,  Bulletin 3070-71.  Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Jackson, Mississippi, Metropolitan Area, April 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner July 1996 Bulletin 3085-12  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ...............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Tables: Establishment practices and employee benefits: All establishments:  B-1.  Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .....................................  11  A-1.  Weekly hours and pay of professional and  B-2.  Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers ....................  12  B-3.  Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to  A-2.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective  administrative occupations .........................................................  3  service occupations ....................................................................  5  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  7  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations ................................................................................  occupations ................................................................................  9  10  full-time workers .........................................................................  16  A.  Scope and method of survey ..........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Appendixes:  Introduction  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and service-producing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail.  This survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area (Hinds, Madison, and Rankin Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  Establishment practices and benefit tables The B-series tables provide information on paid holidays; paid vacations; and insurance, health, and retirement plan provisions for full-time, white- and bluecollar employees. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants ................................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  211 199 12  40.0 40.0 40.0  $755 763 614  $692 692 –  $558 573 –  – – –  $808 808 –  ( 3) – 8  1 1 8  5 5 17  18 18 8  8 8 –  5 5 17  16 17 –  4 4 17  9 10 8  12 12 17  4 4 –  2 2 –  2 3 –  2 2 –  2 2 –  1 2 –  4 4 –  ( 3) 1 –  3 3 –  ( 3) 1 –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  94 88 6  40.0 40.0 40.0  609 618 479  577 577 –  532 535 –  – – –  674 674 –  1 – 17  3 2 17  7 6 33  30 31 17  17 18 –  7 7 17  15 16 –  – – –  7 8 –  12 13 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  76 71  39.9 39.9  762 764  769 769  675 673  – –  804 804  – –  – –  4 4  3 3  – –  5 4  25 27  9 7  16 15  18 18  9 10  3 3  4 4  – –  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Attorneys ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  211 27 184  40.0 40.0 40.0  976 1,404 914  931 – 886  794 – 770  – – –  1,114 – 1,022  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – 2  2 – 2  4 – 4  2 – 2  11 – 13  6 4 7  4 – 5  14 – 16  9 – 11  7 – 8  13 4 15  11 22 9  6 22 3  1 4 1  2 – 3  ( 3) 4 –  – – –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  55  40.0  777  770  722  –  810  –  –  –  –  –  –  5  40  22  16  9  4  4  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ......................................................  112  40.0  1,015  1,006  909  –  1,121  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  22  16  11  24  20  6  1  –  –  –  –  Engineers .................................................... Private industry .........................................  774 640  40.0 40.0  967 961  950 935  806 781  – –  1,109 1,097  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  6 8  6 7  10 11  10 10  8 6  8 8  7 5  18 18  13 11  6 6  3 3  2 3  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  145 121  40.0 40.0  806 794  806 788  769 769  – –  854 822  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  10 12  37 41  26 26  21 18  4 1  2 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  149 118  40.0 40.0  912 907  923 919  846 846  – –  951 936  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  9 9  15 17  11 8  37 41  8 8  17 14  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  304 242  40.0 40.0  1,090 1,105  1,070 1,073  1,007 1,010  – –  1,154 1,154  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 1  4 3  1 2  13 9  38 40  25 23  11 13  5 6  2 2  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  Level 5 ......................................................  59  40.0  1,297  1,250  1,192  –  1,410  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  37  22  14  22  2  2  –  Budget Analysts: Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  7 7  40.0 40.0  721 721  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14 14  29 29  14 14  43 43  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  6 6  40.0 40.0  898 898  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  33 33  – –  17 17  17 17  17 17  17 17  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyer/Contracting Specialists .................. Private industry .........................................  75 30  40.0 39.9  561 694  521 –  452 –  – –  600 –  9 –  15 –  21 –  9 3  12 23  16 33  1 –  1 3  – –  – –  13 33  – –  1 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ......................................................  41  39.9  539  577  466  –  600  10  10  10  15  22  29  2  2  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  5 41 –  4  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 and over  Computer Programmers ............................ Private industry .........................................  168 135  39.4 39.3  $590 613  $577 615  $510 556  – –  $673 722  – –  13 11  10 2  13 10  20 20  17 21  5 6  18 23  5 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  79 53  39.5 39.3  542 562  567 572  502 519  – –  580 615  – –  9 6  14 –  24 26  35 42  18 26  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  67 67  39.2 39.2  694 694  722 722  635 635  – –  731 731  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  21 21  12 12  46 46  13 13  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analysts ..................... State and local government ......................  530 174  39.9 40.0  827 710  808 717  686 637  – –  943 770  – –  – –  – –  2 5  4 11  5 11  16 17  10 23  8 12  13 13  8 3  9 1  7 2  12 1  3 –  1 –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  159 110  39.8 39.8  670 703  673 678  608 670  – –  720 750  – –  – –  – –  6 –  14 3  12 6  39 51  8 10  11 16  9 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  161 107 54  39.9 39.9 40.0  831 890 714  840 918 697  729 829 670  – – –  923 935 729  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 – 13  13 1 37  11 – 31  5 4 7  18 25 4  14 18 6  29 43 –  4 6 2  2 4 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ......................................................  158  40.0  890  865  786  –  1,019  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  13  11  15  15  2  12  28  2  –  –  –  –  –  –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers .............................  91  40.0  1,234  1,178  940  –  1,442  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  12  9  3  3  5  22  –  –  23  –  7  4  13  Level 1 ......................................................  52  39.9  989  970  848  –  1,124  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  4  21  15  6  6  10  38  –  –  –  –  –  –  Personnel Specialists ................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  292 173 119  40.0 40.0 40.0  754 850 615  704 788 597  541 646 514  – – –  876 1,043 690  – – –  4 3 7  9 7 13  12 8 18  7 2 13  9 5 15  8 3 13  8 8 7  10 13 6  6 9 1  5 5 4  1 2 1  2 2 3  10 16 –  4 8 –  1 1 –  2 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 3 –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  108 56  40.0 40.0  564 566  543 508  500 489  – –  607 673  – –  4 7  15 21  33 25  17 7  14 13  8 11  7 13  2 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  85 56 29  40.0 40.0 40.0  750 813 627  769 788 631  670 750 497  – – –  808 808 674  – – –  – – –  9 – 28  – – –  – – –  12 4 28  11 – 31  9 13 3  26 38 3  19 29 –  4 2 7  2 4 –  – – –  8 13 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  80 54 26  40.0 40.0 40.0  984 1,083 780  1,043 1,088 753  850 1,043 715  – – –  1,154 1,154 855  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 – 8  5 – 15  7 – 23  7 – 23  1 – 4  14 15 12  2 2 4  7 6 12  26 39 –  16 24 –  2 4 –  7 11 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Tax Collectors: Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  6 6  40.0 40.0  572 572  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  67 67  – –  17 17  17 17  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3 4  Less than 0.5 percent. All workers were at $1,700 and under $1,800.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  4  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 675  675 700  700 725  725 750  750 and over  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators .................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  204 154 50  39.6 39.5 40.0  $453 481 365  $413 481 378  $362 381 314  – – –  $555 555 400  – – –  ( 3) – 2  6 – 26  14 16 8  9 8 12  14 10 28  11 8 18  4 3 6  1 2 –  5 7 –  4 5 –  4 5 –  15 19 –  2 3 –  4 5 –  – – –  ( 3) 1 –  1 1 –  2 3 –  2 3 –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  128 85 43  39.5 39.2 40.0  433 465 368  404 481 387  358 396 314  – – –  524 555 401  – – –  – – –  9 – 28  14 18 7  7 4 14  13 8 23  17 15 21  5 4 7  1 1 –  5 7 –  5 8 –  1 1 –  18 27 –  3 5 –  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  37 33  39.9 39.9  504 520  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 6  16 6  – –  5 6  5 6  14 15  3 3  19 21  14 15  – –  16 18  – –  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  Drafters ........................................................ Private industry .........................................  90 89  39.1 39.1  505 506  526 526  433 433  – –  555 555  – –  – –  – –  1 1  4 4  1 1  13 12  8 8  – –  12 12  8 8  27 27  17 17  1 1  1 1  3 3  2 2  1 1  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ......................................................  47  39.4  468  439  416  –  555  –  –  –  –  9  2  26  15  –  23  –  –  26  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Engineering Technicians ...........................  99  40.0  598  594  560  –  626  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  –  7  1  9  6  16  12  13  14  1  10  –  9  –  Engineering Technicians, Civil ................. State and local government ......................  267 213  40.0 40.0  506 505  489 492  434 443  – –  586 557  2 3  3 3  2 1  2 1  3 1  3 1  6 8  14 13  7 8  11 13  10 12  6 7  4 5  4 4  4 4  3 3  3 3  2 2  2 3  1 1  6 3  Level 1: State and local government ..................  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  22  40.0  308  292  270  –  335  27  27  14  14  9  9  –  –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  15  40.0  431  419  407  –  438  –  –  –  –  –  7  53  20  7  7  7  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  125 116  40.0 40.0  489 489  484 484  450 450  – –  514 514  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  6 7  20 22  14 15  22 23  16 16  7 7  6 5  2 2  1 1  2 2  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4: State and local government ..................  32  40.0  579  564  533  –  607  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  22  19  16  16  13  –  6  3  3  3  –  Level 5: State and local government ..................  28  40.0  685  684  639  –  736  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  4  14  18  11  11  18  4  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  517 517  40.0 40.0  371 371  335 335  328 328  – –  381 381  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  56 56  9 9  11 11  2 2  4 4  13 13  – –  4 4  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  132 132  53.0 53.0  440 440  435 435  414 414  – –  468 468  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  20 20  23 23  17 17  20 20  10 10  2 2  8 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4  21  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 675  675 700  700 725  725 750  750 and over  Police Officers ............................................ State and local government ......................  424 424  40.0 40.0  $471 471  $466 466  $426 426  – –  $522 522  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  13 13  8 8  12 12  21 21  12 12  12 12  10 10  7 7  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  424 424  40.0 40.0  471 471  466 466  426 426  – –  522 522  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  13 13  8 8  12 12  21 21  12 12  12 12  10 10  7 7  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3 4  Less than 0.5 percent. All workers were at $750 and under $800.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  6  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 and over  Clerks, Accounting ..................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  628 502 126  40.0 40.0 40.0  $384 391 356  $361 372 350  $320 320 315  – – –  $425 441 379  – – –  ( 3) – 1  2 1 5  6 5 9  21 22 16  13 12 17  13 10 25  8 7 12  11 12 7  6 7 2  4 6 –  7 8 2  2 3 1  4 5 –  ( 3) – 2  1 ( 3) 2  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  318 236 82  40.0 40.0 40.0  338 334 349  327 320 350  319 319 327  – – –  360 360 368  – – –  ( 3) – 1  2 3 –  7 7 5  37 44 16  18 17 21  21 17 34  11 10 16  3 1 7  – – –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  245 230 15  40.0 40.0 40.0  443 440 485  428 427 482  400 400 418  – – –  481 481 560  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  2 3 –  7 7 –  3 3 –  5 5 7  23 23 20  13 13 20  9 10 –  14 14 13  5 5 7  9 9 –  1 – 20  1 – 13  4 5 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  34 34  39.9 39.9  461 461  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  12 12  3 3  3 3  12 12  9 9  9 9  29 29  6 6  9 9  – –  6 6  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  Clerks, General ........................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  444 294 150  40.0 40.0 40.0  303 319 272  299 303 279  270 281 241  – – –  320 346 300  2 2 3  14 6 30  10 8 15  25 27 20  25 23 28  10 13 4  3 5 –  4 5 –  ( 3) 1 –  4 6 –  – – –  2 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  324 255 69  40.0 40.0 40.0  305 314 274  300 300 279  280 282 229  – – –  330 346 306  1 1 –  13 5 42  6 8 –  29 30 23  25 25 26  13 14 9  5 6 –  5 6 –  1 1 –  3 4 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Key Entry Operators ................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  213 95 118  39.8 39.5 40.0  342 364 324  346 354 330  319 327 290  – – –  365 375 356  – – –  1 – 3  10 – 18  6 2 9  13 14 13  22 26 18  28 24 31  9 12 8  5 9 2  – – –  5 12 –  ( 3) 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  113 56 57  39.6 39.1 40.0  337 373 302  344 365 303  303 354 266  – – –  365 375 333  – – –  3 – 5  15 – 30  5 – 11  12 2 21  17 20 14  29 39 19  10 20 –  – – –  – – –  10 20 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ......................................................  100  40.0  347  346  320  –  363  –  –  4  7  15  27  26  9  11  –  –  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Personnel Assistants ................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  109 73 36  39.7 39.6 40.0  435 464 377  405 415 386  384 385 345  – – –  462 481 413  – – –  1 – 3  1 – 3  – – –  5 1 11  7 4 14  4 4 3  29 25 39  19 23 11  5 1 11  11 15 3  3 4 –  2 1 3  – – –  2 3 –  1 1 –  1 1 –  10 15 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  51 37 14  40.0 40.0 40.0  389 396 369  385 – –  382 – –  – – –  415 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 – 14  6 3 14  8 8 7  49 49 50  31 38 14  2 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ......................................................  33  39.1  440  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  21  15  12  36  9  6  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  7  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 and over  Secretaries .................................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,137 554 583  39.9 39.8 40.0  $424 477 375  $395 462 364  $346 372 324  – – –  $475 538 413  – – –  – – –  2 1 2  8 3 13  8 4 11  9 6 11  16 12 19  10 7 13  9 9 9  7 6 9  7 9 5  5 6 4  3 6 1  4 8 1  2 2 2  2 3 ( )  3 5 –  2 4 ( )  2 4 ( )  ( 3) 1 –  1 3 –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  222 96 126  39.9 39.9 40.0  337 364 317  328 368 304  293 308 289  – – –  371 404 345  – – –  – – –  9 6 11  24 10 35  15 18 13  11 3 17  18 19 17  5 5 4  11 25 1  2 1 2  5 13 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  458 196 262  39.9 39.9 40.0  374 396 357  364 384 359  337 357 324  – – –  400 421 381  – – –  – – –  – – –  7 2 11  10 4 16  14 17 13  26 23 29  16 16 16  11 13 9  8 10 7  ( 3) 1 –  3 7 –  ( 3) 1 ( 3)  3 6 –  ( 3) 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  333 192 141  39.9 39.9 40.0  487 542 412  473 522 408  413 475 381  – – –  530 602 447  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 – 4  3 – 6  5 1 11  10 1 22  9 – 21  9 5 14  16 19 12  9 11 7  9 16 1  10 17 1  2 3 1  2 3 –  8 13 –  3 6 –  4 6 –  – – –  ( 3) 1 –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  113 61  39.8 39.6  587 670  571 679  477 575  – –  684 713  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 –  12 7  9 –  13 –  3 –  2 –  10 5  12 20  4 8  12 21  10 18  1 2  Switchboard-Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  238 214 24  39.9 39.9 40.0  340 344 299  340 346 294  313 316 252  – – –  365 365 341  – – –  5 2 25  2 1 8  10 8 21  24 25 17  20 21 8  26 27 17  1 1 4  8 9 –  – – –  5 5 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Word Processors ........................................  111  39.3  375  361  332  –  433  –  –  9  8  5  19  18  5  8  8  14  2  3  2  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ......................................................  68  39.3  413  421  362  –  460  –  –  –  4  3  10  16  6  13  13  24  3  4  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3 4  3  3  3  4  11 20  Less than 0.5 percent. All workers were at $800 and under $850.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  8  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Hourly pay (in dollars)1  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Under 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $12.15 – 12.30 – 10.59  1 1 2  3 1 7  14 15 12  4 1 11  6 4 10  12 9 17  12 12 11  8 5 13  9 10 9  3 2 4  12 17 2  3 5 1  3 4 –  – – –  2 3 –  2 3 –  6 8 –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 14.50 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 14.50 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  518 357 161  $10.74 11.23 9.66  $10.33 11.15 9.67  $9.20 9.65 8.67  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  218 152 66  9.13 9.38 8.57  8.95 9.45 8.42  8.39 8.49 8.09  – – –  9.96 10.15 9.07  3 2 6  7 3 17  33 35 30  7 2 18  10 9 14  15 17 9  11 14 5  2 3 2  9 13 –  ( 2) 1 –  ( 2) 1 –  ( 2) 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  300 205 95  11.92 12.61 10.41  11.97 12.15 10.33  10.43 11.15 9.67  – – –  12.60 14.45 11.02  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 – 6  2 – 7  9 3 23  12 10 16  11 7 21  10 7 15  4 3 7  21 29 3  6 8 1  5 7 –  – – –  4 6 –  4 6 –  10 15 –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Maintenance Electricians ...........................  41  18.88  21.90  14.78  –  21.90  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  5  –  2  2  –  7  10  7  5  2  –  –  –  59  Maintenance Electronics Technicians ...... State and local government ......................  109 15  16.20 11.02  18.67 10.80  12.83 9.82  – –  18.67 12.52  – –  – –  – –  1 7  – –  4 27  4 13  4 7  5 7  2 7  2 –  6 33  5 –  3 –  2 –  2 –  – –  1 –  2 –  55 –  6 –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  96 13  16.76 11.16  18.67 –  13.75 –  – –  18.67 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 31  2 15  3 8  2 –  1 8  2 –  6 38  3 –  3 –  – –  2 –  – –  – –  2 –  63 –  6 –  – –  – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  146 110 36  14.66 15.97 10.65  15.00 17.92 10.60  11.24 13.46 9.19  – – –  17.92 17.92 11.58  – – –  – – –  1 – 3  3 – 14  3 – 11  1 – 6  12 10 17  1 – 3  7 2 22  1 – 6  2 – 8  9 10 6  5 6 –  1 2 –  3 2 6  1 1 –  7 9 –  1 1 –  34 45 –  – – –  8 11 –  – – –  1 2 –  Skilled Multi-Craft Maintenance Workers ..................................................... Private industry .........................................  72 72  13.63 13.63  11.90 11.90  11.00 11.00  – –  14.25 14.25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  44 44  8 8  – –  1 1  4 4  3 3  19 19  – –  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  – –  15 15  1 1  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  9  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Jackson, MS, April 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00  Guards ......................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  788 713 75  $5.82 5.57 8.19  $5.00 4.70 8.25  $4.50 4.45 7.17  – – –  $7.25 6.50 8.76  23 26 –  23 25 –  2 2 –  8 9 1  2 2 3  10 11 1  3 2 16  10 10 7  3 3 11  7 5 25  4 2 20  4 4 4  – – –  1 – 8  1 ( 2) 4  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  676 614 62  5.47 5.24 7.78  4.65 4.50 8.17  4.45 4.40 6.89  – – –  6.00 6.00 8.46  27 30 –  26 29 –  2 2 –  10 10 2  3 2 3  12 13 2  3 2 19  2 2 8  2 1 13  6 4 29  3 1 21  3 3 2  – – –  ( 2) – 2  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,377 1,074 303  5.34 5.15 6.00  5.00 4.89 5.73  4.50 4.35 5.29  – – –  5.88 5.50 6.75  23 27 8  14 16 6  7 8 5  22 22 22  10 9 12  8 6 17  7 6 9  4 3 9  2 1 9  2 1 4  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Material Movement and Storage Workers ....................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,439 1,362 77  7.97 7.97 8.00  7.00 7.00 8.38  6.60 6.54 7.17  – – –  7.55 7.50 8.76  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  8 8 9  8 8 3  15 16 6  39 40 14  6 6 10  5 4 14  5 4 26  2 2 9  ( 2) – 5  1 1 3  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  2 2 –  4 4 –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  254 239  9.68 9.89  6.90 6.90  6.54 6.75  – –  8.07 8.07  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 –  6 6  46 47  8 8  11 11  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  23 24  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  1,149 1,123 26  7.57 7.56 7.83  7.00 7.00 7.76  6.60 6.50 7.17  – – –  7.28 7.21 8.35  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  10 10 –  8 8 4  9 9 4  47 47 31  5 4 19  5 4 27  5 5 8  2 2 4  ( 2) – 4  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  2 2 –  – – –  Forklift Operators .................................. Private industry .................................  323 323  8.08 8.08  7.05 7.05  6.75 6.75  – –  8.25 8.25  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  4 4  23 23  39 39  8 8  8 8  11 11  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks .................... Private industry .................................  89 89  8.06 8.06  7.75 7.75  6.85 6.85  – –  9.03 9.03  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  8 8  24 24  – –  20 20  12 12  1 1  15 15  – –  15 15  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Truckdrivers ................................................ Private industry .........................................  893 814  10.72 10.88  7.25 7.00  6.00 5.75  – –  17.73 19.42  – –  – –  – –  5 6  19 21  11 12  6 7  12 12  1 ( 2)  3 1  – –  1 1  3 3  4 1  ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  – –  9 10  – –  23 25  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  10  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Jackson, MS, April 1996 White-collar workers Number of holidays  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays ..........................  2  3  -  1  1  -  In establishments providing paid holidays ................................  98  97  100  99  99  100  ( 1) 1 ( ) 6 8 1 ( ) 7 25 3 36 9 2 1 ( ) 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1) 1  1 ( ) 8 11 1 ( ) 10 39 5 12 8 ( 1) 1 1 1  -  1 4 1 7 17 26 15 11 10 1 ( 1) ( 1) 5 1 ( )  -  2 78 11 4 1 ( 1) -  1 3 1 6 14 22 12 10 18 6 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 4 ( 1) ( 1)  2 days or more .................................................................... 3 days or more .................................................................... 4 days or more .................................................................... 5 days or more .................................................................... 6 days or more .................................................................... 7 days or more .................................................................... 8 days or more .................................................................... 9 days or more .................................................................... 10 days or more .................................................................. 11 days or more .................................................................. 12 days or more .................................................................. 13 days or more .................................................................. 14 days or more .................................................................. 15 days or more .................................................................. 16 days or more .................................................................. 17 days or more ..................................................................  98 98 98 98 92 84 77 52 48 12 3 2 1 1 1 1  97 97 97 96 89 77 67 28 23 10 2 2 2 1 1 1  100 100 100 100 97 95 93 93 93 16 5 1 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  99 96 95 94 88 74 52 39 30 12 6 5 4 4 ( 1) ( 1)  99 95 94 93 86 69 43 28 17 6 5 5 5 5 ( 1) ( 1)  100 100 100 100 98 97 95 95 95 40 10 8 1 1 1 1  Average number of paid holidays where provided (in days) .....  8.8  8.1  9.9  8.1  7.6  10.4  Number of holidays: 6 half days .................................................................... 2 holidays ..................................................................... 4 holidays ..................................................................... 5 holidays ..................................................................... 6 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 7 holidays ..................................................................... 8 holidays ..................................................................... 9 holidays ..................................................................... 10 holidays ................................................................... 11 holidays ................................................................... 12 holidays ................................................................... 13 holidays ................................................................... 14 holidays ................................................................... 15 holidays ................................................................... 17 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................  1  3 2 -  2 1 3 55 29 2 8 1 -  Total paid holiday time2  1 Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Full and half days are combined. For example, the proportion of workers receiving 10 or more days includes those receiving at least 10 full days, or 9 full days plus 2 half days, or 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  11  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Jackson, MS, April 1996 White-collar workers Item  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations ........................  -  -  -  4  5  -  In establishments providing paid vacations .............................. Length-of-time payment ...................................................... Percentage payment ..........................................................  100 99 ( 1)  100 99 ( 1)  100 100 -  96 93 3  95 92 3  100 100 -  Six months of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................  4 36 31 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  5 52 2 ( 1) 1 1  4 9 82 -  5 26 14 ( 1) -  6 29 ( 1) ( 1) -  2 14 80 -  1 year of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  11 ( 1) 50 5 2 30 1 ( ) ( 1) 2  15 1 72 6 3 1 ( 1) 3  3 12 2 82 -  2 48 31 1 14 -  2 58 34 1 -  2 17 1 80 -  2 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  7 ( 1) 52 6 3 30 1 ( ) ( 1) 2  10 1 75 7 5 1 ( 1) 3  1 12 4 82 -  36 45 1 1 14 -  43 50 1 1 -  1 17 2 80 -  3 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  5 ( 1) 53 5 4 1 ( ) 30 2  8 1 76 7 5 1 ( 1) 3  14 2 2 82 -  19 59 5 ( 1) 1 14 -  22 67 5 1 -  18 1 1 80 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  12  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Jackson, MS, April 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  4 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 ( 1) 56 5 3 1 ( 1) 30 2  4 1 80 7 3 2 1 ( 1) 3  14 2 2 82 -  11 66 5 ( 1) 1 14 -  13 76 5 1 -  18 1 1 80 -  5 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 26 2 32 5 1 30 ( 1) 2  3 35 2 47 7 2 ( 1) 1 3  11 2 5 82 -  9 47 1 24 1 ( 1) 14 -  11 54 1 28 1 ( 1) -  16 1 3 80 -  8 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 17 6 37 4 1 31 1 ( ) 2  3 22 7 55 6 2 2 1 3  -  82 -  9 36 2 34 1 ( 1) 14 -  11 41 1 40 1 ( 1) -  13 3 4 80 -  10 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 8 1 38 3 16 31 ( 1) ( 1) 2  3 10 1 53 4 23 2 1 1 ( ) 3  5 10 1 2 82 -  8 17 ( 1) 43 5 9 14 -  9 20 ( 1) 49 6 10 1 -  5 12 2 1 80 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  13  8 3 7  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Jackson, MS, April 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  12 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 8 ( 1) 35 6 16 31 ( 1) ( 1) 2  3 10 1 50 9 23 2 1 1 ( ) 3  5 10 1 2 82 -  8 14 3 43 5 9 14 -  9 16 4 49 6 10 1 -  5 12 2 1 80 -  15 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 8 ( 1) 23 3 18 3 12 30 ( 1) 2  3 10 1 31 5 26 3 19 1 3  4 ( 1) 9 2 2 82 -  8 14 ( 1) 38 ( 1) 17 ( 1) 4 14 1 -  9 16 ( 1) 44 ( 1) 19 ( 1) 5 1 -  4 1 10 4 1 80 -  20 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  2 8 ( 1) 14 2 27 2 13 31 ( 1) 2  3 10 1 17 3 41 3 19 1 1 3  -  8 14 ( 1) 20 30 9 14 1  9 16 ( 1) 22 36 11 1 ( ) 1  4 10 5 1 80 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  14  4 8 3 2 82 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Jackson, MS, April 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  All industries  Private industries  25 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  1 8 ( 1) 14 2 18 1 23 31 ( 1) 2  2 11 1 17 3 27 2 34 2 1 3  30 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  1 8 ( ) 14 2 18 1 23 31 1 2  2 11 1 17 3 27 2 34 1 1 3  Maximum vacation available: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................  1 8 ( 1) 14 2 18 1 23 31 1 2  2 11 1 17 3 27 2 34 1 1 3  Blue-collar workers State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  7 15 ( 1) 20 25 15 14 1  8 18 ( 1) 22 29 18 1 ( ) 1  4 10 5 1 80 -  7 15 1 ( ) 20 25 12 14 3 1  8 18 1 ( ) 22 29 15 ( 1) 3 1  4 10 5 1 80 -  7 15 ( 1) 20 25 12 14 3 1  8 18 ( 1) 22 29 15 1 ( ) 3 1  4 10 5 1 80 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  1  1  4 8 3 2 82 -  4 8 3 2 82 -  4 8 3 2 82 -  Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay for 20 years include those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service.  Less than 0.5 percent. Payments other than "length of time" are converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 20 years include changes between 15 and 20 years. Estimates are cumulative. 2  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  15  Table B-3. Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers, Jackson, MS, April 1996 White-collar workers Type of plan  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments offering at least one of the benefits shown below1 .................................................................................  99  99  100  98  97  100  Life insurance ..................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  72 49  99 66  25 21  89 73  97 80  47 39  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance ............... Wholly employer financed ............................................  48 45  67 63  15 11  60 53  69 63  15 8  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both ...... Sickness and accident insurance ................................. Wholly employer financed ...................................... Sick leave (full pay, no waiting period) ......................... Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period) ......................  95 27 25 53 34  92 42 39 73 7  100 1 1 18 82  63 24 23 31 16  56 28 27 33 3  100 2 2 21 79  Long-term disability insurance ............................................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  30 26  47 41  -  33 31  40 37  -  Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance ................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  98 61  98 41  99 98  97 55  96 46  98 97  Health maintenance organizations ..................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  14 5  19 5  5 5  10 7  11 7  4 4  Dental care ......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  41 13  61 18  5 5  40 21  47 24  7 7  Vision care .......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  23 5  35 8  31 19  37 22  Hearing care ....................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  5 2  7 3  2 2  13 9  14 10  4 4  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment ...................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  96 61  94 39  99 98  89 51  87 41  99 97  Retirement benefits2 ........................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  97 33  95 49  100 4  89 43  87 51  100 1  Defined benefit ............................................................. Wholly employer financed ......................................  34 28  47 43  12 2  38 32  43 38  18 1  Defined contribution ...................................................... Wholly employer financed ......................................  81 7  77 9  88 2  55 11  50 13  82 ( 3)  1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which the employer pays at least part of the cost. Excluded are plans required by the Federal Government such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement. 2 Establishments providing more than one type of retirement plan may cause the sum of the separate plans to be greater than the total for all retirement plans.  3  -  -  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  16  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries, including health services); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from March 1996 through May 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of April 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of April 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Jackson, MS Metropolitan Statistical Area (January 1994). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in  A-1  probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero. Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent  establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The statistics in this bulletin are derived from a probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. Establishment practices and employee benefits The incidence of selected establishment practices and employee benefits was studied for full-time white- and blue-collar workers. White-collar workers include professional, technical, and related occupations; executive, administrative, and managerial occupations; sales occupations; and administrative support jobs, including clerical. Blue-collar workers include precision production, craft, and repair occupations; machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors; transportation and material moving occupations; handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers; and service jobs, except private households. Part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees are excluded from both the white- and blue-collar categories. Employee benefit provisions which apply to a majority of the white- or blue-collar workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all white- or bluecollar workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 14.2 percent of the sample establishments (representing 17,132 employees covered by the survey). An additional 4.2 percent of the sample establishments (representing 3,091 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the  A-2  Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans2 which provide for continuing an employee's pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by Social Security, workers' disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance provide at least partial payment for: (1) Hospital room charges; (2) inpatient surgery; and (3) doctors' fees for hospital, office, or home visits. Such benefits may be provided through either independent health care providers or Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs). Under PPOs, participants are free to choose any provider, but receive care at lower costs if treatment is provided by designated hospitals, physicians, or dentists. These plans typically cover other expenses such as outpatient surgery and prescription drugs. An HMO provides comprehensive medical care in return for pre-established fees. Unlike insurance, HMOs cover routine preventive care as well as care required because of an illness and do not have deductibles or coinsurance (although there may be fixed copayments for selected services). HMOs may provide services through their own facilities; through contracts with hospitals, physicians, and other providers, such as individual practice associations (IPAs); or through a combination of methods. Dental care plans provide at least partial payment for routine dental care, such as checkups and cleanings, fillings, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or other dental care required as the result of an accident are not reported. Vision care plans provide at least partial payment for routine eye examinations, eyeglasses, or both. Hearing care plans provide at least partial payment for hearing examinations, hearing aids, or both. Alcohol and drug abuse treatment plans provide at least partial payment for institutional treatment (in a hospital or specialized facility) for addiction to alcohol or drugs. Retirement plans provide lifetime payments, a lump sum, or a limited number of payments. Included are defined benefit plans in which the employer, promising to pay the employee a specified amount at retirement, contributes at a rate sufficient to fund these future payments. Defined contribution plans are those in which the employer agrees to contribute a certain amount but does not guarantee how much  nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Benefits are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Retirement plans apply to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Paid holidays (table B-1). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated) during the year. Paid vacations (table B-2). Establishments reported their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual pay, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay provided. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic vacation plans were excluded. Paid vacation provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual pay, for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay. Paid vacation provisions by length-of-service relate to all white-collar or blue-collar workers in the establishment. Counts of these workers by actual length-of-service were not obtained in the survey. Insurance, health, and retirement plans (table B-3). Insurance, health, and retirement plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization (HMO). Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. Federally required plans such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement are excluded. Benefit plans legally required by State governments, however, are included. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $200 week for up to 26 weeks of disability.  A-3  representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements.  the plan will pay at retirement. Labor-management coverage This survey collected the percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements in this area. An establishment is considered to have an agreement covering all white- or blue-collar workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement determining wages and salaries. Therefore, all other white- or blue-collar workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management agreements in effect, or have agreements that apply to fewer than half of their white- or blue collar workers. Because establishments with fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the survey, estimates are not necessarily  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity. 2  An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  A-4  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Jackson, MS1, April 1996 Number of establishments  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Industry division2 Within scope of survey3  Total4  Studied Number  Percent  Full-time white-collar workers  Full-time blue-collar workers  Studied4  All divisions .........................................................................................  465  98  119,263  100  56,769  36,089  61,145  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Construction5 .................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ....................................................... Retail trade7 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate7 ................................ Services7 ..........................................................................  434 91 72 17 343  81 16 11 4 65  82,626 18,531 16,386 2,035 64,095  69 16 14 2 54  36,513 2,964 2,609 311 33,549  30,098 15,333 13,727 1,540 14,765  30,107 5,922 5,012 855 24,185  45 117 32 131  11 12 8 32  14,916 17,369 11,777 18,323  13 15 10 15  8,628 4,686 9,876 9,531  5,360 4,988 1,185 2,440  5,948 2,644 6,973 8,430  State and local government ..........................................................  31  17  36,637  31  20,256  5,991  31,038  32 29 3 7 5  10 7 3 5 3  7,895 6,956 939 5,591 4,712  7 6 1 5 4  5,587 4,947 640 3,961 3,351  802 693 109 707 613  5,109 4,170 939 4,586 3,707  Health  services8  ............................................................................ Private industry ................................................................. State and local government .............................................. Hospitals ................................................................................. Private industry .................................................................  1 The Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through June 1994, consists of Hinds, Madison, and Rankin Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In manufacturing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes part-time, seasonal, temporary, and other workers excluded from separate white- and blue-collar  categories. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. Separate data for this division are not presented in the B-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 8 Health services includes establishments primarily engaged in furnishing medical, surgical, and other health services to persons. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-5  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements, Jackson, MS, April 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Labor-management status  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  All industries  100  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  -  -  State and local government  All industries  100  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  -  -  State and local government  100  Majority of workers covered ......................................................  3  5  -  -  -  22  27  -  -  -  None or Minority of workers covered ........................................  97  95  -  -  100  78  73  -  -  100  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  A-6
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102