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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Area, March 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-11  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a March 1996 survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Philadelphia, under the direction of John Filemyr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay and benefit data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Philadelphia Regional Office at (215) 596-1154. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1993, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits, BLS Bulletin  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145,  3070-72.  Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Area, March 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner August 1996 Bulletin 3085-11  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ...............................................................................................................  2  Establishment practices and employee benefits:  Tables:  All establishments: A-1.  Tables—Continued  Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations ......................................................... Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations .................................................................. `  5  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  6  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations ................................................................................  Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .....................................  10  B-2.  Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers ....................  12  B-3.  Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers .........................................................................  16  A.  Scope and method of survey ..........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  3  A-2.  occupations ................................................................................  B-1.  8  9  Appendixes:  Introduction  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and service-producing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail.  This survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Scranton-WilkesBarre-Hazleton Metropolitan Statistical Area (Columbia, Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wyoming Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  Establishment practices and benefit tables The B-series tables provide information on paid holidays; paid vacations; and insurance, health, and retirement plan provisions for full-time, white- and bluecollar employees. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  $663 662  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  Under 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1 1  – –  2 2  1 1  11 12  13 12  8 9  11 11  10 9  16 15  18 19  6 6  2 2  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants ................................................ Private industry .........................................  342 324  39.6 39.8  $689 689  $544 544  – –  $827 834  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  30 29  39.4 39.5  472 470  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  – –  13 14  10 10  47 48  17 14  7 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  129 118  39.6 39.9  575 569  563 563  508 503  – –  625 623  – –  – –  2 2  1 1  16 18  26 25  18 19  19 20  9 8  6 6  3 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  133 128  39.6 39.7  746 744  748 743  672 665  – –  848 850  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  5 5  3 3  8 8  16 16  33 32  29 30  5 5  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  50 49  40.0 40.0  960 962  942 942  866 866  – –  1,050 1,050  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  – –  4 4  42 41  24 24  12 12  6 6  2 2  8 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Engineers .................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  555 429 126  39.5 40.0 37.6  911 924 867  856 885 840  672 666 712  – – –  1,106 1,125 969  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 2 –  11 13 6  10 9 13  6 6 6  12 10 17  12 11 16  12 10 18  10 11 8  9 9 10  6 7 4  3 4 2  4 5 –  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  1 1 –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  157 121  39.4 40.0  689 685  642 642  596 577  – –  765 802  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 7  30 39  16 7  11 11  15 11  17 17  6 7  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  170 120  39.2 40.0  910 932  887 930  788 789  – –  995 1,077  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  6 7  18 16  24 22  25 17  9 13  8 12  8 11  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  125 100  39.6 40.0  1,150 1,170  1,106 1,108  1,025 1,018  – –  1,236 1,359  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  2 2  11 12  33 31  23 16  8 10  6 7  12 15  3 4  1 1  – –  – –  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  37 32  39.7 40.0  1,318 1,335  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  22 25  30 19  24 28  16 19  3 3  5 6  – –  – –  Scientists ..................................................... Private industry .........................................  91 59  39.1 40.0  915 1,019  849 1,100  642 731  – –  1,154 1,250  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  – –  27 15  3 3  10 8  12 7  1 –  11 15  13 19  13 20  7 10  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  Scientists, Physical/Biological ..................  52  38.5  854  769  610  –  1,116  –  –  –  –  –  2  –  40  2  8  13  2  4  15  8  4  2  –  –  –  –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  Under 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS Buyer/Contracting Specialists .................. Private industry .........................................  106 103  39.8 39.9  $617 615  $596 596  $462 462  – –  $732 732  – –  – –  8 9  1 1  27 28  5 5  9 9  2 2  14 15  26 25  1 1  1 1  4 4  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  71 69  39.8 39.9  619 618  666 666  462 462  – –  713 713  – –  – –  – –  – –  27 28  4 4  14 13  3 3  21 22  31 30  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Programmers ............................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  186 170 16  39.7 39.9 38.1  562 555 641  559 559 640  506 500 572  – – –  602 602 701  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  19 21 6  25 26 6  25 25 25  17 16 19  11 11 19  2 1 19  1 – 6  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  41 40  39.8 39.9  475 473  460 460  460 460  – –  500 495  2 2  – –  – –  – –  71 72  27 25  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  110 98 12  39.7 39.9 38.3  573 564 645  559 559 –  520 520 –  – – –  596 588 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  6 6 8  31 35 –  40 42 25  10 8 25  10 9 17  2 – 17  1 – 8  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Computer Systems Analysts ..................... State and local government ......................  760 25  39.8 37.2  882 833  879 795  760 709  – –  983 925  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 –  4 12  8 12  18 28  20 12  26 12  13 16  7 4  1 4  ( 3) –  ( 3) –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  204 201  39.9 40.0  982 980  981 977  886 885  – –  1,079 1,079  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 7  19 19  25 25  31 30  17 17  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers .............................  86  40.0  1,254  1,231  1,199  –  1,308  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  22  49  22  –  –  –  Personnel Specialists ................................ Private industry .........................................  247 226  39.4 39.5  710 697  670 655  491 481  – –  875 865  2 2  4 4  2 2  1 1  18 19  8 9  6 6  4 5  6 6  14 14  13 11  11 8  5 5  4 4  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  2 2  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  95 87  39.3 39.5  520 495  491 491  450 450  – –  578 545  3 3  11 11  4 5  3 3  32 34  17 18  14 15  5 6  4 2  2 1  5 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  88 75  39.1 39.4  735 709  769 760  644 625  – –  865 808  – –  – –  – –  – –  16 19  5 5  1 –  5 5  10 12  25 27  22 24  16 8  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  54 54  39.7 39.7  904 904  903 903  705 705  – –  1,015 1,015  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  6 6  20 20  13 13  20 20  20 20  15 15  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Tax Collectors: Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  8 8  37.5 37.5  700 700  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  25 25  – –  75 75  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  2  1  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  4  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  225 and under 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 950  950 1000  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators .................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  99 81 18  38.8 38.8 38.6  $418 408 464  $430 430 485  $362 358 387  – – –  $458 444 508  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  2 2 –  11 11 11  19 23 –  5 – 28  4 4 6  29 36 –  14 15 11  10 6 28  2 – 11  – – –  1 – 6  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  73 62 11  38.5 38.6 38.2  404 401 422  387 419 –  358 358 –  – – –  444 444 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  15 15 18  26 31 –  7 – 45  5 5 9  21 24 –  16 18 9  4 5 –  3 – 18  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Drafters ........................................................ Private industry .........................................  110 109  39.9 40.0  503 503  506 506  400 400  – –  596 596  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 8  8 8  – –  17 17  8 8  7 7  19 19  10 9  11 11  – –  7 7  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ......................................................  32  39.8  469  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  28  –  –  28  –  28  16  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Engineering Technicians, Civil: Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  100 100  37.5 37.5  529 529  471 471  464 464  – –  597 597  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  – –  56 56  8 8  13 13  6 6  14 14  1 1  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  Corrections Officers: State and local government ......................  587  40.0  583  606  479  –  682  –  –  –  –  –  3  13  1  6  7  5  3  21  28  10  3  –  –  –  –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  99 99  42.0 42.0  639 639  626 626  626 626  – –  647 647  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  80 80  20 20  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Police Officers: State and local government ......................  421  40.0  680  654  623  –  744  –  –  –  –  –  2  –  2  2  5  ( 3)  6  30  16  15  3  10  2  1  6  Level 1: State and local government ..................  421  40.0  680  654  623  –  744  –  –  –  –  –  2  –  2  2  5  ( 3)  6  30  16  15  3  10  2  1  6  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and  methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  5  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 and over  Clerks, Accounting ..................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  723 635 88  39.1 39.4 37.2  $356 349 403  $350 344 377  $309 306 340  – – –  $400 388 491  – – –  2 2 8  2 3 –  8 8 8  9 10 1  15 17 3  14 15 10  16 15 19  8 8 3  8 8 9  7 7 5  5 5 6  2 1 3  ( 3) – 3  1 ( 3) 5  1 – 11  1 – 5  ( 3) ( 3) –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  56 49  38.0 38.4  271 280  268 279  240 249  – –  301 302  – –  13 –  29 33  11 12  13 14  29 33  4 4  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  484 409 75  39.0 39.3 37.4  350 337 420  342 335 381  309 299 347  – – –  381 364 522  – – –  2 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) –  11 11 9  10 11 1  15 17 4  18 19 11  18 18 21  5 6 4  9 8 11  4 4 3  2 2 4  1 1 4  1 – 4  1 – 5  2 – 13  1 – 5  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  171 165 6  39.6 39.7 37.1  397 397 418  400 399 –  360 360 –  – – –  440 437 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  5 5 –  12 13 –  5 4 17  14 14 17  14 15 –  11 12 –  20 19 33  16 15 33  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  Clerks, General ........................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  758 553 205  38.3 38.8 37.1  337 318 388  322 309 374  263 247 322  – – –  385 363 417  – – –  5 7 –  14 19 –  10 12 3  8 10 3  14 12 20  11 13 3  11 6 24  5 5 4  9 5 22  1 2 1  4 4 4  1 ( 3) 2  3 – 10  ( 3) – 1  ( 3) – 1  1 1 1  1 1 –  1 1 –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  336 272  38.3 38.6  296 268  263 263  240 234  – –  336 281  – –  11 14  25 31  21 24  8 10  8 10  3 4  13 7  1 –  ( 3) –  1 1  2 –  1 –  5 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  369 261 108  38.4 39.1 36.9  377 371 393  374 340 408  309 309 374  – – –  417 422 409  – – –  – – –  5 7 –  1 1 –  9 10 6  15 15 13  14 20 –  11 6 22  8 10 5  19 10 42  2 3 –  6 8 2  1 1 3  1 – 2  1 – 2  1 – 2  3 3 2  2 3 –  2 3 –  – – –  Clerks, Order ............................................... Private industry .........................................  125 125  38.0 38.0  344 344  346 346  259 259  – –  385 385  – –  6 6  16 16  6 6  3 3  – –  18 18  16 16  16 16  8 8  – –  – –  3 3  3 3  – –  – –  3 3  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  89 89  37.2 37.2  312 312  346 346  236 236  – –  365 365  – –  9 9  22 22  9 9  4 4  – –  12 12  22 22  18 18  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators ................................... Private industry .........................................  397 393  39.3 39.2  309 308  314 313  274 272  – –  350 350  1 1  9 9  7 7  11 11  13 13  20 21  21 22  9 9  6 6  1 1  1 1  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  285 282  39.3 39.3  291 291  299 298  250 250  – –  322 320  2 2  12 12  9 9  13 13  14 14  27 28  15 15  4 3  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  112 111  39.1 39.1  352 352  350 350  342 339  – –  371 370  – –  – –  – –  4 4  11 11  3 3  38 38  22 23  20 19  2 2  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 and over  Personnel Assistants ................................. Private industry .........................................  88 88  39.6 39.6  $422 422  $404 404  $363 363  – –  $467 467  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  9 9  16 16  19 19  11 11  13 13  10 10  2 2  9 9  – –  6 6  – –  – –  – –  2 2  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  58 58  39.6 39.6  406 406  402 402  363 363  – –  439 439  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  10 10  22 22  10 10  14 14  19 19  10 10  3 3  7 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Secretaries .................................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  586 422 164  38.4 38.9 37.2  403 413 377  402 412 381  330 341 277  – – –  464 472 442  – – –  1 1 –  3 2 4  6 2 18  7 4 15  6 8 2  8 11 1  10 11 5  7 6 12  11 10 13  11 13 7  6 7 4  9 9 10  5 5 4  2 3 1  2 2 4  2 2 1  2 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1  2 2 1  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  170 86 84  37.6 38.4 36.8  334 353 315  326 352 277  257 322 255  – – –  386 412 375  – – –  3 6 –  6 5 7  20 5 36  12 2 21  9 14 5  5 10 –  15 26 4  7 5 10  8 9 7  8 16 –  2 1 4  4 1 7  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  196 144 52  38.2 38.7 36.5  380 360 434  377 356 439  315 308 383  – – –  428 423 488  – – –  1 1 –  3 3 –  2 3 –  12 11 13  11 15 –  12 17 –  9 10 8  7 8 6  13 11 19  15 15 15  3 3 –  7 3 19  3 1 10  – – –  3 – 10  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  155 154  39.1 39.1  471 471  465 465  415 415  – –  519 519  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  8 8  6 6  5 5  10 10  10 10  10 10  19 19  10 10  4 4  5 5  5 5  2 2  – –  5 5  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  40 35  39.0 39.1  512 496  506 –  459 –  – –  591 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 6  5 6  7 9  2 3  17 20  5 6  17 20  13 14  2 –  2 –  13 14  5 3  5 –  Switchboard-Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  312 281 31  38.9 39.0 38.6  296 294 311  300 294 –  268 268 –  – – –  332 330 –  3 4 –  4 4 –  11 10 26  13 14 –  17 19 –  23 22 35  23 23 23  4 2 16  – – –  2 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and  methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  7  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  6.50 and under 6.75  6.75 7.00  7.00 7.25  7.25 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  812 632 180  $11.13 10.99 11.63  $11.31 11.23 11.31  $9.74 9.04 11.06  – $12.82 – 12.82 – 12.47  1 2 –  – – –  2 3 –  3 4 –  2 3 1  6 7 1  5 7 –  9 11 4  10 9 15  22 19 32  29 24 47  3 4 –  6 8 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  443 301 142  10.17 9.41 11.78  10.48 8.82 12.47  8.45 8.00 11.26  – – –  11.68 11.10 12.47  2 3 –  – – –  4 6 –  5 8 –  4 5 1  10 14 1  9 14 –  13 17 6  5 4 6  24 23 27  20 2 58  2 3 –  1 1 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  369 331  12.29 12.43  12.82 12.82  11.06 11.32  – –  12.82 12.82  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  1 1  5 5  17 14  18 15  40 44  4 4  13 15  – –  – –  – –  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  236 206 30  15.17 15.31 14.23  14.46 14.46 14.85  12.93 12.93 13.31  – – –  15.24 15.24 14.90  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 –  2 1 3  14 15 7  8 8 13  15 16 13  33 32 40  12 11 23  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  14 16 –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians ...... Private industry .........................................  136 136  15.38 15.38  15.34 15.34  13.96 13.96  – –  15.42 15.42  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  7 7  4 4  1 1  13 13  5 5  49 49  1 1  4 4  1 1  – –  14 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  127 127  15.55 15.55  15.34 15.34  14.32 14.32  – –  15.42 15.42  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  6 6  5 5  2 2  9 9  4 4  53 53  1 1  5 5  1 1  – –  15 15  – –  – –  – –  – –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry .........................................  155 155  13.61 13.61  13.39 13.39  12.03 12.03  – –  15.24 15.24  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  – –  6 6  25 25  37 37  3 3  23 23  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry .........................................  541 521  13.30 13.25  12.97 12.97  11.91 11.91  – –  14.55 13.39  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 7  – –  30 31  22 23  16 16  20 17  – –  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  216 191 25  13.43 13.56 12.49  11.75 11.75 11.96  10.85 10.85 11.11  – – –  14.70 14.99 13.11  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  5 5 –  27 27 24  23 23 28  10 9 16  4 3 16  8 9 –  2 – 16  2 2 –  4 4 –  – – –  7 8 –  1 1 –  – – –  7 8 –  – – –  – – –  Skilled Multi-Craft Maintenance Workers ..................................................... Private industry .........................................  151 151  13.98 13.98  14.79 14.79  12.76 12.76  – –  14.90 14.90  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  1 1  16 16  6 6  5 5  62 62  3 3  1 1  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry .........................................  68 68  14.34 14.34  14.78 14.78  13.52 13.52  – –  14.80 14.80  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  32 32  68 68  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  8  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 over  Guards ......................................................... Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  516 462 54  $7.59 7.39 9.26  $5.75 5.45 9.62  $4.75 4.75 7.88  – – –  $8.70 8.53 9.66  13 15 –  3 4 –  10 11 –  22 24 –  2 2 –  6 7 4  3 3 –  5 4 11  4 1 26  3 3 4  5 6 –  9 5 41  3 3 –  1 1 4  1 1 2  1 – 9  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 –  5 5 –  1 1 –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  457 54  6.38 9.26  5.45 9.62  4.75 7.88  – –  7.88 9.66  15 –  4 –  11 –  24 –  2 –  7 4  4 –  5 11  4 26  3 4  6 –  9 41  3 –  1 4  1 2  1 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,935 1,337 598  8.06 7.20 9.98  7.82 6.68 9.49  6.06 5.52 8.38  – – –  9.37 8.33 12.18  ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 –  1 1 –  12 17 –  8 12 –  9 12 2  9 11 4  6 7 4  8 7 10  9 8 11  10 8 15  7 7 9  4 2 7  3 3 4  11 ( 2) 34  2 3 1  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  – – –  Material Movement and Storage Workers ....................................... Private industry .........................................  3,549 3,540  9.98 9.98  9.53 9.53  8.68 8.68  – –  11.43 11.43  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  3 3  2 2  3 3  4 4  4 4  27 27  10 10  13 13  18 19  2 2  7 7  5 5  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  458 455  8.45 8.43  8.62 8.62  8.04 8.00  – –  8.78 8.78  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  2 2  3 3  10 10  7 7  10 10  56 56  5 5  6 6  – –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  2,977 2,971  10.19 10.19  10.37 10.37  8.97 8.97  – –  11.43 11.43  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  3 3  2 2  2 2  4 4  3 3  23 23  11 11  14 14  20 20  2 2  8 8  6 6  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  – –  – –  – –  – –  Forklift Operators .................................. Private industry .................................  949 947  10.53 10.53  10.46 10.46  9.73 9.73  – –  11.50 11.50  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 2) ( 2)  1 1  1 1  2 2  2 2  8 8  12 12  37 37  27 27  3 3  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks .................... Private industry .................................  334 332  9.26 9.26  8.90 8.90  7.40 7.33  – –  10.51 10.51  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  13 13  5 5  8 8  7 7  7 7  11 10  21 21  4 5  1 1  1 1  14 14  5 5  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Truckdrivers ................................................ Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  1,380 1,270 110  14.38 14.60 11.87  12.77 13.94 12.09  10.57 10.00 11.06  – – –  19.41 19.41 12.43  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  2 2 –  19 21 –  8 6 25  5 5 11  16 12 65  4 4 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  14 15 –  1 1 –  28 31 –  – – –  Light Truck ................................................ Private industry .....................................  79 79  9.96 9.96  10.78 10.78  9.75 9.75  – –  10.78 10.78  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 8  3 3  8 8  – –  24 24  56 56  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Medium Truck ...........................................  655  15.35  19.41  9.75  –  19.41  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  26  1  7  12  2  1  –  1  –  –  52  –  Heavy Truck ............................................. State and local government ..................  161 83  10.48 11.57  10.65 12.04  9.00 10.65  – –  12.09 12.43  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 –  – –  12 –  25 –  17 33  10 14  27 53  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry .....................................  485 485  15.09 15.09  17.72 17.72  12.05 12.05  – –  17.72 17.72  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  8 8  6 6  2 2  21 21  8 8  – –  2 2  – –  40 40  2 2  11 11  – –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  – –  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  9  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 White-collar workers Number of holidays  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays ..........................  2  3  -  6  6  -  In establishments providing paid holidays ................................  98  97  100  94  94  100  ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1) 19 7 2 2 6 ( 1) 1 ( ) 8 2 21 3 13 1 5 1 ( ) 2 1 1 ( 1) 2  ( 1) 1 1 ( 1) 1 23 9 2 2 7 ( 1) 1 ( ) 9 2 25 3 8 1 3 ( 1) -  -  ( 1) 1 1 8 3 1 1 6 1 1 ( ) 14 ( 1) 20 ( 1) 27 ( 1) 7 1 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 1 1 9 4 1 1 6 2 1 ( ) 16 ( 1) 22 ( 1) 24 ( 1) 7 1 -  -  Number of holidays: 1 holiday ....................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 2 holidays ..................................................................... 3 holidays ..................................................................... 4 holidays ..................................................................... 5 holidays ..................................................................... 6 holidays ..................................................................... 7 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 8 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 9 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 10 holidays ................................................................... Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 11 holidays ................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 12 holidays ................................................................... 13 holidays ................................................................... 14 holidays ................................................................... 15 holidays ................................................................... 16 holidays ................................................................... 17 holidays ................................................................... 18 holidays ...................................................................  See footnotes at end of table.  10  2 42 18 1 13 3 7 2 11  5 59 9 1 4 9 11 1 2  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Number of holidays  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  2 days or more .................................................................... 3 days or more .................................................................... 4 days or more .................................................................... 5 days or more .................................................................... 6 days or more .................................................................... 7 days or more .................................................................... 8 days or more .................................................................... 9 days or more .................................................................... 10 days or more .................................................................. 11 days or more .................................................................. 12 days or more .................................................................. 13 days or more .................................................................. 14 days or more .................................................................. 15 days or more .................................................................. 16 days or more .................................................................. 17 days or more .................................................................. 18 days or more ..................................................................  97 96 96 96 96 76 67 59 49 28 12 6 6 4 3 2 2  96 96 96 96 95 72 61 51 39 15 3 ( 1) -  100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 98 57 38 37 24 21 13 11  94 93 93 92 92 84 80 73 58 38 11 4 2 2 1 ( 1) ( 1)  94 92 92 92 92 82 78 70 54 32 8 1 -  100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 95 36 28 27 23 14 3 2  Average number of paid holidays where provided (in days) .....  9.2  8.4  13.0  9.7  9.4  12.3  Total paid holiday time2  1  Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Full and half days are combined. For example, the proportion of workers receiving 10 or more days includes those receiving at least 10 full days, or 9 full days plus 2 half days, or 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  11  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 White-collar workers Item  All full-time workers (in percent) ......................................... In establishments not providing paid vacations ........................  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  1  1  -  2  3  -  99 99 -  99 99 -  100 100 -  98 96 2  97 95 2  100 100 -  Six months of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ...........................................  4 47 12 3 1  4 51 6 4 1  22 45 2 -  15 17 8 1 1 ( )  16 18 3 1 ( )  1 14 58 8 -  1 year of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ...........................................  26 7 59 1 4 2 1  28 ( 1) 64 1 3 2 1  15 41 36 6 2 -  58 7 29 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  62 2 30 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  12 59 20 9 -  2 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ...........................................  6 7 79 1 4 2 1  7 1 84 1 4 2 1  41 51 1 6 2 -  23 12 61 ( 1) 1 1 ( )  26 8 63 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1)  59 33 ( 1) 9 -  3 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ...........................................  2 ( 1) 77 1 15 4 1  2 ( 1) 82 1 9 4 1  51 1 47 2 -  7 4 77 ( 1) 9 ( 1) ( 1)  8 4 81 ( 1) 4 ( 1) ( 1)  31 2 66 -  4 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ...........................................  2 ( 1) 70 2 22 4 1  2 ( 1) 73 2 17 4 1  51 1 47 2 -  6 2 76 4 9 ( 1) 1 ( )  6 2 81 4 4 ( 1) 1 ( )  31 2 66 -  In establishments providing paid vacations .............................. Length-of-time payment ...................................................... Percentage payment ..........................................................  ( )  ( )  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  12  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  5 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 31 4 57 2 5 1 ( ) 1  1 31 5 55 1 6 1 ( ) 1  29 64 4 2 -  2 47 16 32 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  2 50 17 27 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  16 2 82 -  8 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 13 3 66 2 14 1 ( ) 1  ( 1) 13 3 64 2 15 1 ( ) 1  12 78 4 6 -  2 27 7 57 3 1 1 ( ) 1 ( )  2 29 8 54 3 1 1 ( ) 1 ( )  -  10 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 ( 1) 64 5 26 1 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 2 ( 1) 64 6 25 2 ( 1) 1  66 34 -  2 4 2 75 3 12 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  2 4 2 75 4 10 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  -  12 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 ( 1) 53 5 37 1 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 2 ( 1) 51 6 37 2 ( 1) 1  64 36 -  2 4 2 71 3 14 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  2 4 2 70 3 13 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  -  Item  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  13  7 89 5 -  1 73 2 24 -  1 73 2 24 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  15 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 23 1 61 8 4 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 1 23 1 59 9 5 ( 1) 1  20 76 4 -  2 3 39 4 46 4 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  2 3 41 4 42 4 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  -  20 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 12 ( 1) 58 7 20 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 1 13 ( 1) 55 7 21 ( 1) 1  -  2 3 15 2 61 3 12 ( 1) ( 1)  2 3 16 2 58 3 13 ( 1) ( 1)  -  25 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 11 42 2 34 7 1 1  ( 1) 1 12 44 1 38 1 1 1  -  2 3 15 ( 1) 44 4 23 5 1 1 ( )  2 3 16 46 4 25 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  -  Item  State and local government  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  14  9 76 4 11 -  9 33 5 13 41 -  1 9 89 -  4 1 91 4 -  4 1 28 ( 1) 9 58 -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 — Continued White-collar workers Item  Blue-collar workers State and local government  All industries  Private industries  30 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 11 41 1 33 7 3 1  ( 1) 1 12 43 1 37 1 3 1  -  Maximum vacation available: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 1 11 41 1 31 7 4 1  ( 1) 1 12 43 1 35 1 5 1  -  All industries  Private industries  2 3 15 ( 1) 44 2 25 5 1 1 ( )  2 3 16 45 3 27 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  2 3 15 ( 1) 44 2 23 5 3 ( 1)  2 3 16 45 3 25 ( 1) 3 ( 1)  State and local government  By vacation pay provisions for:2  1  9 33 4 13 41 -  9 33 4 13 41 -  4 1 28 9 58 -  4 1 28 9 58 -  Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay for 20 years include those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service.  Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Payments other than "length of time" are converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 20 years include changes between 15 and 20 years. Estimates are cumulative.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  15  Table B-3. Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 White-collar workers Type of plan  Blue-collar workers  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All industries  Private industries  State and local government  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments offering at least one of the benefits shown below1 .................................................................................  99  99  100  96  96  100  Life insurance ..................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  98 90  97 88  100 100  93 91  93 90  100 100  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance ............... Wholly employer financed ............................................  77 64  82 67  51 51  72 69  76 73  31 31  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both ...... Sickness and accident insurance ................................. Wholly employer financed ...................................... Sick leave (full pay, no waiting period) ......................... Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period) ......................  96 56 52 81 7  96 65 60 78 8  100 13 13 100 -  84 63 55 44 6  82 69 60 39 7  100 9 9 100 -  Long-term disability insurance ............................................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  59 45  69 52  11 11  27 19  29 21  5 5  Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance ................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  93 41  94 36  90 72  84 36  83 31  98 84  Health maintenance organizations ..................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  85 42  86 35  77 77  76 32  77 28  74 74  Dental care ......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  77 40  75 32  87 83  60 29  57 23  93 88  Vision care .......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  47 33  40 24  84 80  34 20  30 14  85 80  Hearing care ....................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  14 8  9 1  41 41  17 6  13 ( 2)  58 58  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment ...................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  92 49  90 41  98 92  87 41  87 37  92 80  Retirement benefits3 ........................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  92 62  91 72  100 15  83 53  81 56  100 19  Defined benefit ............................................................. Wholly employer financed ......................................  68 53  66 62  74 10  50 39  46 41  85 16  Defined contribution ...................................................... Wholly employer financed ......................................  51 10  56 11  29 6  47 19  49 20  22 8  1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which the employer pays at least part of the cost. Excluded are plans required by the Federal Government such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement. 2 Less than 0.5 percent. 3 Establishments providing more than one type of retirement plan may cause  the sum of the separate plans to be greater than the total for all retirement plans. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  16  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries, including health services); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Scranton-Wilkes-BarreHazleton Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from February 1996 through May 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of March 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of March 1996 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, Metropolitan Statistical Area (December 1993). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of  A-1  adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero. Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent  reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. time. Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. Establishment practices and employee benefits The incidence of selected establishment practices and employee benefits was studied for full-time white- and blue-collar workers. White-collar workers include professional, technical, and related occupations; executive, administrative, and managerial occupations; sales occupations; and administrative support jobs, including clerical. Blue-collar workers include precision production, craft, and repair occupations; machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors; transportation and material moving occupations; handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers; and service jobs, except private households. Part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees are excluded from both the white- and blue-collar categories. Employee benefit provisions which apply to a majority of the white- or blue-collar workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all white- or bluecollar workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Benefits are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Retirement plans apply  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 9.6 percent of the sample establishments (representing 12,817 employees covered by the survey). An additional 7.4 percent of the sample establishments (representing 9,148 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were A-2  Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $200 week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans2 which provide for continuing an employee's pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by Social Security, workers' disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance provide at least partial payment for: (1) Hospital room charges; (2) inpatient surgery; and (3) doctors' fees for hospital, office, or home visits. Such benefits may be provided through either independent health care providers or Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs). Under PPOs, participants are free to choose any provider, but receive care at lower costs if treatment is provided by designated hospitals, physicians, or dentists. These plans typically cover other expenses such as outpatient surgery and prescription drugs. An HMO provides comprehensive medical care in return for pre-established fees. Unlike insurance, HMOs cover routine preventive care as well as care required because of an illness and do not have deductibles or coinsurance (although there may be fixed copayments for selected services). HMOs may provide services through their own facilities; through contracts with hospitals, physicians, and other providers, such as individual practice associations (IPAs); or through a combination of methods. Dental care plans provide at least partial payment for routine dental care, such as checkups and cleanings, fillings, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or other dental care required as the result of an accident are not reported. Vision care plans provide at least partial payment for routine eye examinations, eyeglasses, or both. Hearing care plans provide at least partial payment for hearing examinations, hearing aids, or both.  to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Paid holidays (table B-1). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated) during the year. Paid vacations (table B-2). Establishments reported their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual pay, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay provided. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic vacation plans were excluded. Paid vacation provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual pay, for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay. Paid vacation provisions by length-of-service relate to all white-collar or blue-collar workers in the establishment. Counts of these workers by actual length-of-service were not obtained in the survey. Insurance, health, and retirement plans (table B-3). Insurance, health, and retirement plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization (HMO). Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. Federally required plans such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement are excluded. Benefit plans legally required by State governments, however, are included. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident.  A-3  white- or blue-collar workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management agreements in effect, or have agreements that apply to fewer than half of their white- or blue collar workers. Because establishments with fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the survey, estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements.  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment plans provide at least partial payment for institutional treatment (in a hospital or specialized facility) for addiction to alcohol or drugs. Retirement plans provide lifetime payments, a lump sum, or a limited number of payments. Included are defined benefit plans in which the employer, promising to pay the employee a specified amount at retirement, contributes at a rate sufficient to fund these future payments. Defined contribution plans are those in which the employer agrees to contribute a certain amount but does not guarantee how much the plan will pay at retirement.  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  Labor-management coverage This survey collected the percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements in this area. An establishment is considered to have an agreement covering all white- or blue-collar workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement determining wages and salaries. Therefore, all other  2  An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  A-4  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA1, March 1996 Number of establishments  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Industry division2 Within scope of survey3  Total4  Studied Number  Percent  Full-time white-collar workers  Full-time blue-collar workers  Studied4  All divisions .........................................................................................  713  145  149,760  100  48,896  56,726  64,121  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services5 ....................................................... Wholesale trade6 .............................................................. Retail trade6 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate6 ................................ Services6 ..........................................................................  651 209 202 442  128 30 28 98  125,240 38,034 37,424 87,206  84 25 25 58  41,747 6,704 6,679 35,043  51,823 29,646 29,589 22,177  50,264 12,978 12,808 37,286  37 19 165 37 184  14 5 22 9 48  8,802 5,082 24,691 7,339 41,292  6 3 16 5 28  2,645 1,711 6,147 6,385 18,155  5,582 2,252 4,835 52 9,456  6,372 1,347 7,255 3,019 19,293  State and local government ..........................................................  62  17  24,520  16  7,149  4,903  13,857  1 The Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through June 1994, consists of Columbia, Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wyoming Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In manufacturing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is  generally defined as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes part-time, seasonal, temporary, and other workers excluded from separate white- and blue-collar categories. 5 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. Separate data for this division are not presented in the B-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 6 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-5  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements, Scranton-Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, PA, March 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Labor-management status  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  All industries  100  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  -  -  State and local government  All industries  100  100  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  -  -  100  Majority of workers covered ......................................................  11  3  -  -  56  51  46  -  -  94  None or Minority of workers covered ........................................  89  97  -  -  44  49  54  -  -  6  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  A-6
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