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Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, January 1996  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3085-2  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of a January 1996 survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, under the direction of Ronald H. Pritzlaff, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay and benefit data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation.  For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Chicago Regional Office at (312) 353-1880. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1994, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Columbus, OH, BLS Bulletin 3075-62.  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay and Benefits  Columbus, Ohio, Metropolitan Area, January 1996  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner June 1996 Bulletin 3085-2  Contents Page  Page  Introduction ..............................................................................................................  2  Tables—Continued  Establishment practices and employee benefits:  Tables:  B-1.  Annual paid holidays for full-time workers .....................................  18  All establishments:  B-2.  Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers ....................  20  A-1.  Weekly hours and pay of professional and  B-3.  Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to  A-2.  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations .................................................................. `  9  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ..............................  11  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  administrative occupations .........................................................  occupations ................................................................................  occupations ................................................................................  full-time workers .........................................................................  3  14  16  25  Appendixes: A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Introduction  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail.  This survey of occupational pay and employee benefits in the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (Delaware, Fairfield, Franklin, Licking, Madison, and Pickaway Counties) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number conducted annually in metropolitan areas throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households) employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  Establishment practices and benefit tables The B-series tables provide information on paid holidays; paid vacations; and insurance, health, and retirement plan provisions for full-time, white- and bluecollar employees. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants ................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,371 1,182 367 334 815 189  39.8 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.7 40.0  $748 762 846 860 723 665  $728 736 815 858 702 615  $574 577 708 728 550 540  – – – – – –  $864 882 1,000 1,000 813 792  1 1 – – 1 –  ( 3) – – – – 1  2 2 ( 3) ( 3) 2 7  8 8 3 3 11 7  10 10 7 4 11 13  8 8 4 4 9 13  15 14 10 11 15 21  22 23 21 19 25 13  12 11 14 15 10 16  9 10 14 15 8 6  5 6 15 16 2 –  3 4 7 8 2 1  2 2 2 2 1 2  1 1 1 1 1 1  ( 3) 1 1 1 ( 3) –  1 1 – – 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  254 206 178  39.9 39.9 39.9  510 509 498  498 498 498  466 466 466  – – –  540 537 530  3 4 4  1 – –  8 6 6  39 44 48  30 31 28  10 8 10  6 4 3  3 3 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  316 256 51 205 60  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  610 608 614 607 617  596 596 – 596 601  541 548 – 552 519  – – – – –  663 663 – 654 671  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 2 – 3 7  4 3 12 ( 3) 8  20 20 22 20 18  25 28 29 27 15  31 31 18 34 30  13 14 16 13 12  3 2 4 2 3  1 – – – 7  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  517 448 157 141 291 69  39.7 39.6 40.0 40.0 39.4 40.0  774 779 799 805 768 741  753 753 769 769 750 739  712 722 722 729 721 663  – – – – – –  827 827 865 870 810 827  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 3  2 1 1 – 1 9  17 17 17 18 16 22  47 50 40 37 56 25  22 20 23 23 19 35  8 8 14 16 5 6  3 3 5 6 2 –  1 ( 3) 1 1 ( 3) 1  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  203 195 113 113 82 8  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  977 978 1,017 1,017 925 949  973 973 1,008 1,008 962 –  904 908 942 942 856 –  – – – – – –  1,010 1,010 1,075 1,075 981 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  5 5 – – 12 –  19 18 13 13 24 50  38 38 25 25 56 38  24 25 41 41 4 –  11 11 17 17 2 13  2 2 3 3 1 –  – – – – – –  1 1 2 2 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  70 66  39.8 39.8  1,259 1,259  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 6  1 2  4 5  26 27  26 23  13 12  6 6  19 20  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Attorneys ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  934 195 195 739  40.0 39.9 39.9 40.0  1,043 1,466 1,466 931  986 1,464 1,464 910  747 1,192 1,192 713  – – – –  1,244 1,716 1,716 1,089  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 – – 2  1 – – 1  16 2 2 20  11 2 2 14  10 2 2 12  12 6 6 14  12 6 6 14  8 9 9 8  10 14 14 9  4 7 7 3  3 7 7 1  4 12 12 1  3 9 9 1  1 7 7 –  2 6 6 ( 3)  1 7 7 –  1 6 6 –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  248 240  40.0 40.0  731 729  699 699  668 668  – –  801 801  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  50 50  23 23  16 17  9 8  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  205 184  40.0 40.0  954 939  972 959  866 854  – –  1,056 1,046  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 3  11 13  19 19  27 29  34 35  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  215 57 57 158  40.0 39.8 39.8 40.0  1,158 1,243 1,243 1,128  1,168 – – 1,150  1,029 – – 1,013  – – – –  1,272 – – 1,225  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 2 2 6  14 14 14 15  16 9 9 19  See footnotes at end of table.  3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 2  1 –  – –  ( 3) –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  23 12 12 27  25 35 35 21  11 9 9 11  2 7 7 –  3 9 9 1  1 4 4 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 and over  – $1,592 – – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – –  1 – –  4 – –  8 3 3  23 7 7  10 12 12  13 11 11  17 25 25  10 19 19  7 12 12  3 5 5  4 7 7  – – –  Middle range  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  135 75 75  40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,437 1,570 1,570  $1,441 – –  $1,250 – –  Engineers .................................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  3,141 2,694 1,566 1,565 1,128 447  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,092 1,107 1,071 1,071 1,158 998  1,061 1,071 1,056 1,056 1,113 1,006  879 894 885 885 909 787  – – – – – –  1,260 1,277 1,241 1,241 1,369 1,210  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  1 ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) 3  5 5 6 6 3 9  12 11 11 11 12 14  10 9 9 9 9 12  13 14 14 14 13 11  14 15 17 17 12 13  13 13 13 13 13 12  11 10 11 11 9 13  8 8 8 8 7 8  7 8 6 6 10 4  2 2 1 1 3 –  1 2 2 2 2 –  ( 3) 1 ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 2 –  1 1 ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  1 2 1 1 3 –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  140 108 64 64  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  680 681 640 640  668 652 – –  600 600 – –  – – – –  750 758 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  9 5 2 2  50 56 80 80  29 25 16 16  11 14 3 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  399 308 196 195 112 91  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  801 802 760 761 876 795  769 769 755 755 902 788  724 724 724 724 790 701  – – – – – –  877 882 769 769 971 876  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  19 19 23 23 13 15  43 44 61 61 15 37  17 13 9 9 21 29  17 16 5 5 36 19  5 6 2 2 13 –  1 1 – – 2 –  1 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  905 692 340 340 352 213  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  983 969 940 940 998 1,026  981 959 927 927 994 1,099  864 854 846 846 863 893  – – – – – –  1,115 1,071 1,013 1,013 1,142 1,188  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  1 – – – – 2  2 ( 3) – – ( 3) 8  12 13 13 13 14 7  20 24 32 32 16 8  20 24 28 28 21 8  20 19 21 21 18 21  15 12 3 3 22 23  10 6 2 2 11 23  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  891 816 492 492 324 75  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  1,180 1,179 1,115 1,115 1,276 1,192  1,171 1,163 1,120 1,120 1,317 1,310  1,035 1,038 1,017 1,017 1,131 951  – – – – – –  1,315 1,302 1,210 1,210 1,425 1,333  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 1  4 3 3 3 2 13  12 12 15 15 7 16  19 21 27 27 11 3  20 22 27 27 13 1  17 17 19 19 15 12  15 12 7 7 20 44  12 12 1 1 27 9  2 2 ( 3) ( 3) 5 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 5: State and local government ..................  36  40.0  1,218  1,180  1,028  –  1,469  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  17  28  8  3  8  36  –  –  –  –  –  –  Scientists ..................................................... Private industry .........................................  1,754 1,532  40.0 40.0  980 1,001  958 972  808 817  – –  1,137 1,154  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  1 ( 3)  10 9  11 9  17 17  15 14  14 14  13 15  7 8  5 5  2 3  1 1  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  161 95  40.0 40.0  661 657  654 656  583 554  – –  720 719  – –  – –  – –  1 1  14 23  14 5  39 38  28 24  5 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  353 224  40.0 40.0  798 754  772 747  683 654  – –  888 808  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  31 44  25 28  22 19  15 3  6 4  1 1  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  471 444  40.0 40.0  900 891  885 865  817 817  – –  970 955  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 2  12 13  42 43  26 27  15 11  2 2  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 and over  – $1,186 – 1,186 – 1,154  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  5 5 9  18 18 33  29 29 21  28 28 22  12 12 11  7 7 2  1 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Middle range  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  483 483 257  40.0 40.0 40.0  $1,095 1,095 1,057  $1,091 1,091 1,044  $1,010 1,010 942  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  216 216  40.0 40.0  1,264 1,264  1,240 1,240  1,154 1,154  – –  1,346 1,346  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  37 37  23 23  20 20  13 13  5 5  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Scientists, Physical/Biological .................. Private industry .........................................  1,017 795  40.0 40.0  1,018 1,069  1,010 1,058  833 896  – –  1,163 1,206  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  2 ( 3)  8 6  12 9  12 10  15 13  18 19  12 16  8 10  5 7  4 5  2 2  2 2  ( 3) 1  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  Level 1 ......................................................  132  40.0  681  669  617  –  753  –  –  –  1  1  16  44  33  6  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  233 104  40.0 40.0  852 821  838 783  767 758  – –  910 868  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  10 13  30 43  27 26  22 7  9 8  1 2  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ......................................................  220  40.0  966  955  897  –  1,034  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  4  22  41  26  4  3  –  –  –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  1 1  –  –  –  –  –  3  ( ) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  288 288  40.0 40.0  1,152 1,152  1,138 1,138  1,074 1,074  – –  1,207 1,207  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  34 34  37 37  17 17  10 10  Budget Analysts ......................................... State and local government ......................  360 352  40.0 40.0  814 816  752 753  688 688  – –  910 910  – –  – –  – –  1 1  2 2  3 3  25 25  23 22  13 13  12 12  21 21  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  126 126  40.0 40.0  664 664  688 688  634 634  – –  712 712  – –  – –  – –  3 3  4 4  8 8  48 48  37 37  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  117  40.0  798  824  716  –  894  –  –  –  –  –  1  21  24  30  24  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  112 106  40.0 40.0  997 1,011  1,066 1,072  918 952  – –  1,092 1,096  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  – –  4 2  7 5  11 11  12 11  66 70  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Buyer/Contracting Specialists .................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  573 478 346 345 95  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  670 685 705 705 592  640 640 653 653 578  577 577 626 626 564  – – – – –  747 777 777 777 603  1 1 – – –  – – – – –  1 2 – – –  3 3 2 2 6  9 9 5 5 11  21 15 13 13 52  31 33 36 36 25  18 20 26 26 4  4 5 4 4 2  8 10 10 10 –  1 1 1 1 –  1 2 2 2 –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  130 82 48  39.9 39.8 40.0  551 535 578  568 537 587  530 505 570  – – –  596 568 600  5 9 –  – – –  1 1 –  6 7 4  33 44 15  33 20 56  22 20 25  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  299 272 212 212 60 27  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  643 647 655 655 620 605  640 640 640 640 – 577  577 587 602 602 – 577  – – – – – –  693 698 700 700 – 641  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 3 – – 12 –  2 2 3 3 – –  2 2 – – 8 –  22 18 18 18 18 63  48 50 51 51 47 30  22 24 27 27 12 7  1 1 ( ) ( 3) 3 –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  5  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 and over  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  118 98 80 79 20  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  $790 827 831 832 608  $786 813 813 – 564  $739 750 763 – 511  – – – – –  $900 910 900 – 690  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 – – – 20  4 2 – – 15  8 4 5 5 25  7 4 – – 20  30 34 40 39 10  16 17 16 16 10  30 36 36 37 –  1 1 – – –  2 2 2 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Computer Programmers ............................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,065 1,486 184 184 1,302 579  39.9 39.8 39.8 39.8 39.8 40.0  774 777 801 801 774 766  762 761 810 810 750 763  653 644 701 701 644 661  – – – – – –  882 890 943 943 885 869  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  1 1 2 2 1 ( 3)  5 6 11 11 5 2  7 8 2 2 9 5  21 20 10 10 21 26  24 24 24 24 24 26  20 18 20 20 18 23  13 12 21 21 11 14  6 8 8 8 8 2  2 3 2 2 3 1  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  115 99 82  39.9 39.9 39.8  559 551 552  556 543 552  520 503 500  – – –  585 577 577  – – –  – – –  3 4 5  13 14 17  30 35 28  30 27 29  22 19 21  1 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  613 412 382 201  39.8 39.7 39.7 40.0  662 635 637 718  644 635 635 684  603 577 577 636  – – – –  712 671 673 824  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 ( 3)  8 12 11 1  14 20 22 2  49 49 49 49  16 14 14 21  9 2 2 22  2 1 1 4  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  646 331 50 50 315  39.9 39.7 39.4 39.4 40.0  785 779 798 798 791  774 769 – – 788  714 723 – – 701  – – – – –  866 838 – – 892  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 – – – 4  3 1 – – 6  15 16 4 4 14  37 46 62 62 27  27 29 22 22 24  14 6 10 10 21  2 1 2 2 3  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 4: State and local government ..................  47  40.0  857  809  792  –  904  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  43  30  11  11  6  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  3  Computer Systems Analysts ..................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,505 2,052 435 435 1,617 453  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.8 40.0  954 958 1,061 1,061 930 939  951 946 1,052 1,052 923 962  833 840 945 945 824 809  – – – – – –  1,069 1,061 1,187 1,187 1,036 1,088  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( ) – – – – 2  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) 3  6 5 ( 3) ( 3) 7 9  11 12 7 7 14 8  20 21 10 10 24 17  22 23 23 23 23 15  21 20 18 18 20 25  10 10 21 21 7 14  5 5 10 10 4 6  2 3 7 7 1 1  1 1 3 3 ( 3) –  ( ) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  498 309 284 189  39.9 39.8 39.8 40.0  801 745 742 892  769 737 737 919  704 696 694 772  – – – –  881 784 784 1,050  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 – – 5  2 1 1 4  20 27 29 9  34 50 47 7  19 19 21 19  8 2 1 19  12 1 – 30  3 – – 7  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,084 879 751 205  39.8 39.8 39.8 40.0  906 901 898 929  897 893 892 956  832 838 833 772  – – – –  981 962 962 1,088  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  ( 3) – – 2  5 3 3 13  11 11 11 12  34 38 39 18  28 32 30 11  16 14 14 23  4 2 2 16  1 ( 3) ( 3) 5  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 and over  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  738 692 241 241 451  39.9 39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9  $1,060 1,058 1,116 1,116 1,027  $1,056 1,052 1,123 1,123 1,028  $981 982 1,036 1,036 963  – $1,131 – 1,129 – 1,192 – 1,192 – 1,084  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3)  6 6 1 1 8  25 26 18 18 30  35 36 23 23 43  23 22 38 38 14  9 8 16 16 4  1 1 2 2 1  1 1 2 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  158 145  40.0 40.0  1,210 1,207  1,221 1,215  1,098 1,096  – –  1,323 1,323  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 8  18 18  19 19  23 23  25 23  6 7  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers ............................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................  758 562 504  40.0 40.0 39.9  1,281 1,277 1,257  1,272 1,248 1,233  1,170 1,154 1,139  – – –  1,375 1,394 1,355  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) 1 1  4 4 5  9 11 12  18 22 23  27 26 28  20 13 11  12 11 10  6 9 6  1 1 1  1 1 2  1 1 1  1 1 1  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  349 304 258  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,258 1,237 1,205  1,238 1,221 1,192  1,144 1,123 1,108  – – –  1,402 1,341 1,269  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 1  6 7 8  11 13 15  22 25 28  22 23 26  12 12 9  17 10 9  7 8 4  1 2 1  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  127 127  40.0 40.0  1,455 1,455  1,435 1,435  1,340 1,340  – –  1,543 1,543  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  2 2  14 14  24 24  23 23  19 19  2 2  6 6  4 4  4 4  – –  Personnel Specialists ................................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  923 685 448 238  39.9 39.8 39.8 40.0  838 835 783 847  788 769 750 842  617 608 576 680  – – – –  1,000 1,000 890 976  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 1 2  8 10 15 2  13 13 11 13  11 10 7 14  17 18 23 14  13 12 16 16  10 8 6 17  10 11 11 9  4 5 2 3  6 6 2 6  3 2 2 5  1 1 ( 3) –  2 2 – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  305 213 189 92  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  656 613 612 753  613 577 568 825  555 538 538 578  – – – –  750 723 731 900  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  3 2 2 4  21 29 32 4  24 26 27 18  15 16 9 13  20 25 27 8  9 2 2 26  8 – – 26  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  284 212 131 72  39.9 39.9 40.0 39.9  780 756 808 852  769 769 808 844  679 649 735 731  – – – –  865 855 865 996  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  13 16 – 6  16 16 11 17  27 31 38 17  24 25 36 21  12 10 13 18  7 1 1 22  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  210 185 96 25  39.6 39.6 39.3 40.0  1,063 1,052 996 1,141  1,027 1,013 1,016 1,197  962 962 890 1,067  – – – –  1,154 1,106 1,057 1,210  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 –  2 2 4 –  13 15 22 –  18 18 9 12  34 36 49 20  15 14 9 20  9 4 3 44  3 3 2 4  – – – –  6 6 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 5 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  71 55  39.9 39.9  1,277 1,273  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 4  8 7  55 64  24 13  6 7  3 4  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers ............. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................  73 68 62  40.0 40.0 40.0  1,343 1,357 1,361  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 2  – – –  – – –  18 18 19  8 6 5  12 13 11  16 16 16  11 12 13  11 12 13  3 1 2  5 6 3  1 1 2  4 4 5  1 1 2  7 7 8  See footnotes at end of table.  7  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  – – –  Director of Personnel ................................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  57 47 10  39.5 39.4 39.8  $1,435 1,485 1,198  Tax Collectors: Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  64 64  40.0 40.0  510 510  $520 520  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  – – –  $485 485  – – –  – –  – – –  $542 542  300 and under 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 700  700 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 2000  2000 and over  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  4 – 20  – – –  – – –  25 15 70  19 23 –  28 34 –  9 9 10  11 13 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  5 6 –  – –  – –  – –  47 47  47 47  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  8  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Columbus, OH, January 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 and over  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators .................................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  614 441 110 110 331 173  39.8 39.7 39.9 39.9 39.6 40.0  $509 498 545 545 483 535  $500 489 538 538 467 522  $433 420 493 493 409 483  – – – – – –  $569 561 598 598 527 580  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  5 7 – – 10 –  4 5 4 4 5 1  5 6 2 2 8 3  9 11 6 6 13 2  5 6 1 1 8 2  8 7 4 4 9 10  14 10 10 10 11 23  11 11 10 10 12 10  7 7 15 15 5 6  10 10 18 18 7 10  7 3 9 9 1 15  8 7 13 13 5 9  5 4 9 9 2 8  1 ( 3) – – 1 1  1 1 – – 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  ( 3) 1 – – 1 –  1 1 – – 2 –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  90 55 55  39.4 39.1 39.1  404 353 353  374 – –  341 – –  – – –  478 – –  1 2 2  – – –  1 2 2  36 58 58  12 20 20  7 11 11  4 4 4  3 4 4  7 – –  20 – –  9 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  216 139 125 77  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9  478 437 439 551  470 424 428 571  419 400 410 526  – – – –  535 479 479 580  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 8 6 –  11 15 15 4  19 29 29 1  9 13 14 1  6 9 10 3  12 14 14 8  8 9 8 8  7 4 4 13  7 – – 21  11 – – 31  2 – – 6  ( 3) – – 1  1 – – 3  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  237 176 82 82 94 61  39.7 39.6 39.9 39.9 39.4 40.0  534 531 559 559 507 543  514 514 555 555 503 514  481 485 512 512 467 479  – – – – – –  579 562 598 598 527 638  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – 2  1 – – – – 3  3 4 4 4 4 2  3 3 1 1 5 3  12 11 2 2 18 15  17 15 11 11 18 25  16 19 11 11 27 5  11 14 20 20 10 2  10 13 20 20 7 2  5 6 12 12 1 3  10 7 7 7 6 18  11 7 12 12 2 21  ( 3) 1 – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  56 56  40.0 40.0  600 600  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  – –  4 4  4 4  34 34  5 5  34 34  11 11  2 2  4 4  – –  – –  – –  Drafters: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  86 72 293 46  40.0 40.0 39.9 40.0  643 687 466 460  649 – 450 450  508 – 358 403  – – – –  800 – 542 512  – – 3 –  – – 7 –  – – 5 –  1 1 5 –  2 3 9 –  7 6 10 20  12 – 4 24  – – 5 4  2 – 9 11  – – 8 7  7 8 5 13  – – 4 9  – – 5 11  – – 1 2  19 22 7 –  7 8 3 –  – – 6 –  3 4 2 –  40 47 – –  – – 1 –  – – – –  Level 1: State and local government ..................  16  40.0  408  387  380  –  437  –  –  –  –  –  56  13  13  6  13  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2: State and local government ..................  24  40.0  482  494  420  –  525  –  –  –  –  –  –  29  –  17  4  25  17  8  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Engineering Technicians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  719 716 259 259 457  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  622 622 614 614 627  594 594 577 577 600  531 531 460 460 531  – – – – –  715 715 746 746 715  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 2  2 2 – – 3  1 1 – – 1  7 7 15 15 3  5 5 10 10 2  2 2 – – 2  5 5 – – 7  7 7 1 1 11  6 6 6 6 5  21 21 36 36 12  9 9 1 1 14  6 6 2 2 9  7 7 5 5 8  8 8 10 10 7  7 6 10 10 5  4 4 5 5 4  2 2 1 1 3  Level 3: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  124 124  40.0 40.0  569 569  577 577  577 577  – –  594 594  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  10 10  – –  – –  2 2  11 11  73 73  1 1  2 2  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  9  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Columbus, OH, January 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  250 and under 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 and over  Level 4: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  81 81  40.0 40.0  $784 784  $794 794  $762 762  – –  $837 837  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  2 2  1 1  1 1  2 2  15 15  31 31  30 30  15 15  1 1  Engineering Technicians, Civil ................. Private industry ......................................... State and local government ......................  409 132 277  40.0 40.0 40.0  594 579 601  598 524 603  518 514 547  – – –  648 646 648  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 1  1 1 1  4 1 5  2 1 3  2 1 3  18 46 5  8 5 9  7 – 10  11 8 13  22 12 27  11 1 16  8 23 1  3 2 4  – – –  1 – 1  1 – 1  Level 1: State and local government ..................  21  40.0  451  454  433  –  469  –  –  –  –  –  10  10  29  29  19  5  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  116 54  40.0 40.0  515 522  514 532  500 512  – –  530 550  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 17  2 2  3 6  58 13  18 39  6 13  4 9  1 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  138 133  40.0 40.0  615 619  635 636  576 583  – –  650 651  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  5 5  2 2  16 17  6 6  44 46  25 26  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 4 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  79 45  40.0 40.0  676 646  – 598  – 598  – –  – 622  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  – –  29 51  16 27  1 2  38 –  4 2  – –  3 4  5 9  Level 5 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  24 24  40.0 40.0  726 726  727 727  664 664  – –  785 785  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 8  33 33  13 13  42 42  – –  4 4  – –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  2,428 2,428  40.0 40.0  538 538  507 507  471 471  – –  576 576  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  24 24  24 24  4 4  9 9  6 6  20 20  3 3  – –  – –  8 8  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  1,255 1,255  49.0 49.0  743 743  847 847  605 605  – –  847 847  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  – –  1 1  – –  – –  7 7  – –  6 6  8 8  11 11  – –  3 3  – –  63 63  – –  – –  Police Officers ............................................ State and local government ......................  2,638 2,638  40.0 40.0  692 692  781 781  545 545  – –  781 781  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  7 7  ( 3) ( 3)  8 8  10 10  4 4  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  5 5  4 4  45 45  14 14  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  2,638 2,638  40.0 40.0  692 692  781 781  545 545  – –  781 781  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  7 7  ( 3) ( 3)  8 8  10 10  4 4  ( 3) ( 3)  2 2  5 5  4 4  45 45  14 14  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  10  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 700  700 750  750 and over  Clerks, Accounting ..................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,632 1,801 619 570 1,182 831  39.9 39.8 39.9 39.9 39.8 40.0  $445 408 425 425 399 524  $430 396 408 397 394 534  $363 360 374 374 340 488  – – – – – –  $529 445 459 479 444 571  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  1 2 ( ) – 3 –  9 13 13 14 13 ( 3)  6 8 ( ) 1 12 2  11 16 15 14 16 2  9 12 21 23 7 1  11 14 11 12 15 4  8 11 10 7 11 2  7 6 5 4 6 9  7 5 8 9 4 11  3 2 1 1 2 6  13 6 5 6 6 29  4 1 1 1 1 10  5 1 3 4 ( 3) 14  3 1 1 1 1 8  1 1 2 2 1 ( 3)  1 1 2 3 ( 3) ( 3)  1 – – – – 2  – – – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  985 878 357 333 521 107  39.9 39.8 40.0 40.0 39.8 40.0  379 372 380 378 367 438  363 362 380 380 360 466  340 330 360 360 325 382  – – – – – –  406 395 390 390 400 490  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 1 –  3 3 – – 6 –  17 19 20 22 18 2  11 10 1 1 17 19  24 26 24 23 28 4  16 18 36 38 5 2  11 11 6 7 15 10  3 2 1 ( 3) 3 7  3 2 3 ( 3) 1 12  8 4 7 8 2 36  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) 7  2 3 – – 5 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,148 664 191 167 473 484  39.9 39.8 39.8 39.8 39.8 39.9  464 427 458 461 414 516  459 430 440 442 413 531  408 396 408 408 367 489  – – – – – –  531 457 479 479 449 545  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) –  4 7 3 4 9 –  4 7 – – 10 –  5 6 2 2 8 3  4 7 1 1 9 1  13 20 25 29 18 4  14 23 30 22 21 1  11 12 12 13 12 11  8 7 12 13 5 10  4 2 2 2 2 7  22 5 3 3 5 46  6 1 2 2 3 ( ) 12  ( 3) 1 2 2 – ( 3)  2 – – – – 4  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  1 2 7 8 – ( 3)  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  455 215 69 69 146 240  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  546 511 565 565 486 577  574 525 – – 481 588  509 434 – – 414 573  – – – – – –  594 574 – – 544 601  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) 1 – – 1 –  3 5 – – 8 1  5 8 – – 12 2  4 7 – – 10 1  5 9 3 3 12 1  3 3 – – 5 3  3 6 3 3 7 1  5 7 3 3 9 4  13 23 41 41 14 5  9 7 6 6 8 10  29 8 23 23 1 47  13 5 – – 7 20  4 9 19 19 4 –  2 3 3 3 3 –  3 – – – – 6  – – – – – –  Clerks, General ........................................... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,783 997 942 1,786  39.9 40.0 40.0 39.9  425 417 412 430  435 435 435 445  365 344 343 389  – – – –  480 435 435 488  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  4 4 4 4  8 10 10 6  8 10 11 7  5 6 7 4  6 7 7 5  8 6 6 10  20 34 36 12  11 4 3 15  14 4 4 19  10 1 1 15  ( 3) 1 1 ( 3)  1 2 1 –  1 3 3 –  1 1 1 ( 3)  1 3 2 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) 1 ( 3) –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  495 197 176 298  40.0 39.9 39.9 40.0  350 329 319 364  343 320 320 389  304 300 292 305  – – – –  398 354 343 417  ( 3) 1 1 –  8 7 7 8  5 7 8 4  9 11 12 9  17 32 32 7  14 16 17 12  6 8 9 5  16 11 13 18  7 1 1 12  11 1 1 17  6 7 – 6  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,089 570 558 519  39.9 40.0 40.0 39.7  429 432 431 425  435 435 435 441  412 406 413 412  – – – –  456 435 435 462  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 2 3 8  4 5 5 4  5 7 7 3  4 4 4 4  3 3 3 2  12 6 5 19  38 56 58 18  15 2 2 29  8 4 3 13  1 1 1 1  ( 3) 1 1 –  1 2 2 –  1 3 2 –  1 1 1 1  2 4 4 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,190 221 199 969  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  454 457 442 453  478 427 413 478  400 367 363 422  – – – –  503 523 494 503  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  ( 3) 1 1 3 ( )  6 3 4 7  8 12 14 8  5 11 12 3  4 13 14 3  6 10 11 5  8 6 7 8  10 8 9 10  25 7 7 29  23 5 5 27  1 3 3 3 ( )  1 3 1 –  1 6 6 –  1 4 1 –  ( 3) 2 1 –  1 5 5 –  1 3 2 –  – – – –  Clerks, Order ............................................... Private industry .........................................  150 150  40.0 40.0  382 382  396 396  325 325  – –  460 460  – –  – –  24 24  – –  – –  8 8  – –  18 18  23 23  – –  18 18  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3  See footnotes at end of table.  11  3  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 700  700 750  750 and over  Key Entry Operators ................................... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,581 965 962 616  39.9 39.8 39.8 40.0  $395 365 365 441  $400 361 361 459  $340 320 320 417  – – – –  $447 409 409 478  – – – –  1 1 1 –  2 3 3 ( 3)  7 10 10 1  9 12 12 3  10 14 14 4  12 15 15 7  9 14 14 1  14 15 15 12  13 11 11 15  11 2 2 26  10 1 1 24  2 ( 3) 3 ( ) 5  ( 3) 1 1 ( 3)  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  736 519 518 217  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  364 347 347 404  360 350 350 412  320 300 300 351  – – – –  409 398 398 458  – – – –  1 1 1 –  4 6 6 ( 3)  12 16 16 2  10 11 11 6  14 16 16 10  18 17 17 21  7 9 9 2  21 24 24 13  5 ( 3) 3 ( ) 16  6 – – 22  1 – – 5  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  1 – – 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  825 426 424 399  39.8 39.6 39.6 40.0  425 390 390 462  447 376 375 474  375 340 340 438  – – – –  474 447 447 486  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 2 2 –  8 13 13 2  6 12 12 1  7 13 13 ( 3)  11 22 22 ( 3)  8 6 6 11  19 23 24 15  16 4 4 29  18 3 3 34  4 1 1 8  1 1 1 –  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Assistants ................................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  552 308 92 92 216 244  39.9 39.8 39.9 39.9 39.7 40.0  522 466 529 529 440 591  522 470 532 532 420 589  423 392 475 475 364 517  – – – – – –  599 532 575 575 514 693  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  2 4 – – 6 –  – – – – – –  2 4 7 7 2 –  5 8 – – 12 –  3 4 – – 6 2  7 11 – – 16 2  6 10 2 2 13 2  4 3 – – 5 4  7 10 16 16 8 3  6 6 3 3 6 7  8 9 14 14 7 6  7 8 17 17 4 7  8 6 15 15 1 11  10 9 21 21 4 11  4 3 1 1 4 5  1 – – – – 2  10 5 – – 6 18  9 ( 3) 1 1 – 20  ( 3) 1 2 2 – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  196 113 98 83  39.8 39.7 39.6 40.0  482 462 451 508  496 464 437 514  400 385 377 466  – – – –  563 529 514 573  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  7 12 14 –  7 6 7 7  11 14 16 6  8 12 11 4  5 4 4 6  4 4 3 4  10 8 8 13  14 12 14 17  7 7 5 6  7 3 3 13  15 11 4 20  5 7 8 2  – – – –  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  226 81 51 145  39.9 39.7 39.6 40.0  612 540 519 652  625 519 – 685  536 470 – 596  – – – –  696 598 – 706  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  6 16 25 1  1 2 4 1  5 14 22 –  3 6 8 1  6 16 – –  6 4 6 8  7 1 – 10  11 20 10 6  5 1 – 8  3 – – 4  24 16 25 29  22 1 – 34  1 2 – –  Secretaries .................................................. Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  4,941 2,654 2,246 2,287  39.8 39.8 39.7 39.9  519 518 513 519  520 515 510 528  452 452 449 453  – – – –  575 580 574 565  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 1 2 1  3 2 2 4  3 3 3 4  5 4 5 6  5 6 6 4  6 7 7 5  9 9 9 9  9 10 10 8  11 15 14 6  14 8 9 20  9 7 8 11  6 8 8 4  4 5 4 3  3 4 4 2  7 7 7 7  4 2 2 6  1 2 1 ( 3)  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  367 284 264 83  39.4 39.5 39.5 38.9  391 395 399 381  390 399 403 390  340 340 340 335  – – – –  434 435 437 398  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  2 2 3 –  12 10 11 17  19 19 13 16  8 10 10 5  16 9 9 42  14 19 20 –  16 17 18 12  6 7 7 5  2 1 2 2  1 1 2 1  2 2 3 –  1 1 1 –  1 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,174 955 777 1,219  39.9 39.8 39.8 40.0  485 487 486 485  496 486 486 503  435 432 425 446  – – – –  538 535 540 538  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 –  4 1 1 6  6 5 5 6  6 8 9 5  5 6 6 4  7 12 12 4  13 11 11 14  11 12 11 10  11 16 12 6  19 8 8 29  11 9 10 14  3 7 8 1  1 2 2 –  1 1 1 ( 3)  1 3 3 ( 3)  ( 3) – – ( 3)  – – – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,793 1,036 881 757  39.8 39.7 39.7 39.9  551 533 525 576  544 522 519 571  489 487 481 500  – – – –  606 579 563 680  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3)  1 – – 2  2 1 2 3  4 3 3 6  3 2 3 4  8 11 12 4  10 13 15 5  14 21 23 4  12 11 12 12  9 9 9 10  9 10 9 8  6 8 4 5  4 4 3 4  10 6 5 16  7 1 1 17  ( 3) ( 3) – –  See footnotes at end of table.  12  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 525  525 550  550 575  575 600  600 625  625 650  650 700  700 750  750 and over  Level 4 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  578 351 300 227  39.9 39.9 40.0 39.9  $613 642 639 569  $617 637 635 577  $557 596 593 508  – – – –  $669 688 679 629  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 – – 1  1 – – 2  3 ( 3) 3 ( ) 7  2 1 3 ( ) 5  4 3 3 5  6 3 2 10  7 5 5 12  6 6 6 7  11 11 11 11  13 13 11 14  12 16 18 7  21 23 24 17  8 11 10 4  Switchboard-Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  896 840 252 186 588 56  39.7 39.7 40.0 40.0 39.6 40.0  342 338 347 352 334 401  331 330 348 320 330 415  300 290 308 308 281 325  – – – – – –  371 357 357 357 372 472  – – – – – –  1 1 1 1 1 –  11 11 8 11 13 –  12 13 4 – 17 4  21 21 33 39 16 18  18 18 5 – 24 11  13 14 34 28 5 4  4 4 – – 5 9  8 7 7 10 7 14  4 4 – – 5 14  2 1 – – 2 11  4 4 5 7 4 2  1 1 2 3 – 11  1 ( 3) 2 2 – 4  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Word Processors ........................................ Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  1,104 376 376 728  39.7 39.1 39.1 40.0  479 432 432 503  494 419 419 514  433 369 369 471  – – – –  534 487 487 541  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  1 2 2 –  4 12 12 ( 3)  1 2 2 1  4 10 10 1  5 12 12 2  7 14 14 3  9 11 11 8  9 3 3 13  15 13 13 17  10 5 5 13  22 7 7 30  11 5 5 15  1 2 2 ( 3)  1 2 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... State and local government ..................  370 217  39.9 40.0  435 474  439 490  394 444  – –  492 501  – –  – –  ( 3) –  – –  11 –  2 ( 3)  5 ( 3)  10 3  12 6  19 20  6 10  19 32  16 28  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  630 134 134 496  39.7 38.6 38.6 40.0  506 461 461 518  530 470 470 532  471 415 415 495  – – – –  547 505 505 550  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  1 3 3 ( 3)  3 12 12 1  1 5 5 ( 3)  3 13 13 1  4 8 8 2  13 8 8 14  13 22 22 10  6 7 7 6  36 7 7 43  19 7 7 22  1 6 6 ( 3)  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  6 10 9 –  4  3  Less than 0.5 percent. Workers were distributed as follows: 6 percent at $750 and under $800; 3 percent at $800 and under $850; and 1 percent at $850 and under $900. 4  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  13  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Hourly pay (in dollars)1  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  Under 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  2,054 1,648 699 699 406  $11.57 11.47 12.35 12.35 12.01  $11.06 11.06 13.41 13.41 12.42  $9.93 9.88 9.88 9.88 11.25  – $13.41 – 13.41 – 14.28 – 14.28 – 13.20  2 3 – – –  3 4 – – ( 2)  3 2 2 2 8  3 3 – – 2  14 17 26 26 1  9 10 4 4 4  7 7 1 1 9  15 17 10 10 6  5 3 4 4 13  3 2 ( 2) 2 ( ) 8  7 3 – – 23  9 11 20 20 2  3 ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 16  12 13 25 25 7  2 3 5 5 ( 2)  1 1 3 3 –  1 1 – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 1 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  1,257 1,039 308 308 218  10.28 10.09 10.31 10.31 11.18  10.00 10.00 9.88 9.88 11.54  9.86 9.56 9.88 9.88 10.07  – – – – –  11.06 11.00 11.00 11.00 12.51  4 5 – – –  5 6 – – 1  5 3 4 4 15  4 5 – – 3  23 27 59 59 2  14 15 9 9 7  11 10 1 1 15  20 23 17 17 6  4 2 7 7 13  1 ( 2) 1 1 2  6 1 – – 33  ( 2) ( 2) – – ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1  1 1 – – ( 2)  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  797 609 391 391 218 188  13.62 13.82 13.96 13.96 13.56 12.97  13.47 13.95 14.28 14.28 13.00 13.34  12.86 13.13 13.41 13.41 12.23 12.07  – – – – – –  14.28 14.28 14.28 14.28 14.25 13.76  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1 –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  1 ( 2) – – 1 3  5 5 5 5 4 7  6 4 1 1 10 13  7 5 – – 14 15  7 6 – – 17 10  22 28 35 35 16 4  8 ( 2) 1 1 ( 2) 34  29 34 45 45 13 14  6 8 8 8 8 1  3 3 5 5 ( 2) –  3 3 – – 10 –  1 1 – – 4 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  454 388 351 346 66  16.83 17.12 17.17 17.24 15.10  17.67 18.18 18.18 18.18 15.15  13.76 13.70 13.64 13.70 13.91  – – – – –  18.69 20.02 20.02 20.02 16.34  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 3 4 4 –  5 5 6 6 3  6 5 6 6 11  2 1 1 – 3  3 3 3 3 2  8 8 9 9 8  14 13 11 11 23  4 2 1 1 15  5 1 – – 26  7 7 6 6 9  21 24 24 25 2  2 2 2 2 –  7 8 9 9 –  10 11 12 12 –  6 7 7 8 –  – – – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians ...... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  392 269 158 158  16.22 17.18 15.66 15.66  15.90 19.33 14.56 14.56  13.36 13.42 12.56 12.56  – – – –  19.33 19.33 18.80 18.80  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) – – –  ( 2) – – –  ( 2) – – –  – – – –  ( 2) – – –  4 6 9 9  5 5 9 9  4 4 5 5  7 7 11 11  5 3 5 5  7 4 6 6  12 3 5 5  4 – – –  6 6 10 10  2 2 3 3  6 9 15 15  19 28 3 3  9 13 18 18  5 7 1 1  1 2 1 1  – – – –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  163 60  15.42 17.21  14.57 –  13.60 –  – –  16.57 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 2  7 7  4 3  4 3  6 2  15 15  25 3  8 –  9 13  6 8  1 –  – –  5 13  11 30  – –  – –  Level 3 ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  134 134  19.59 19.59  19.33 19.33  19.33 19.33  – –  20.74 20.74  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  18 18  57 57  21 21  1 1  4 4  – –  Maintenance Machinists ............................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  137 134 134 134  15.92 15.92 15.92 15.92  14.96 14.22 14.22 14.22  13.80 13.70 13.70 13.70  – – – –  17.42 17.55 17.55 17.55  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  7 7 7 7  31 31 31 31  33 34 34 34  1 – – –  1 – – –  6 6 6 6  7 7 7 7  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  15 15 15 15  1 1 1 1  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  719 667 505 505  16.45 16.69 17.09 17.09  15.70 15.84 17.68 17.68  13.70 14.96 14.38 14.38  – – – –  18.69 18.69 19.16 19.16  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) – – –  3 3 4 4  1 1 – –  1 1 1 1  21 15 20 20  10 11 10 10  20 21 2 2  1 1 1 1  18 19 25 25  8 9 11 11  3 4 5 5  10 11 15 15  5 5 7 7  – – – –  – – – –  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry: Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  771  14.30  13.55  12.00  –  15.46  –  –  –  –  –  ( 2)  3  1  17  19  2  4  11  8  12  4  3  3  10  2  1  –  –  286 236  16.22 14.24  15.46 13.89  13.50 13.55  – –  19.89 14.86  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – 1  3 6  2 –  2 3  2 8  5 2  8 3  2 33  2 23  29 4  5 8  – 10  7 ( 2)  26 –  5 –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  14  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued  Occupation and level  Number of workers  Hourly pay (in dollars)1  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Under 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $20.44 – 20.44 – 20.44 – 20.44  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 – – –  6 7 7 7  1 1 1 1  10 8 8 8  40 42 43 43  2 2 1 1  33 34 34 34  2  1 1 ( ) ( 2)  5 5 5 5  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  10 10 10 10  – – – –  5 5 5 5  26 26 26 26  – – – –  10 10 10 10  2 2 2 2  2 2 2 2  – – – –  39 39 39 39  7 7 7 7  – – – –  Middle range  Skilled Multi-Craft Maintenance Workers ..................................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  845 812 780 780  $19.04 19.15 19.14 19.14  $18.56 18.56 18.56 18.56  $18.56 18.56 18.56 18.56  Tool and Die Makers ................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  258 258 258 258  18.44 18.44 18.44 18.44  17.98 17.98 17.98 17.98  15.19 15.19 15.19 15.19  21.92 21.92 21.92 21.92  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 over  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  15  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  4.50 and under 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 10.00 10.50 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00  Guards: State and local government ......................  194  $10.55  $10.69  $9.36  – $11.84  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  9  10  8  3  11  21  28  10  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 1: State and local government ..................  138  11.17  11.19  10.56  –  11.89  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1  2  1  2  15  28  38  13  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2 ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  146 90 72 56  10.75 11.81 10.90 9.04  9.56 12.02 – 8.78  8.75 9.28 – 8.35  – – – –  12.69 13.94 – 9.15  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 2 3 –  3 4 6 –  12 1 1 29  18 11 14 30  15 8 10 27  5 7 8 4  3 4 6 2  5 6 7 4  5 6 7 4  10 16 19 2  7 11 14 –  5 8 6 –  10 17 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  5,149 3,315 142 142 3,173 1,834  8.18 6.94 11.29 11.29 6.74 10.42  7.33 6.66 9.74 9.74 6.65 10.26  6.30 6.00 8.14 8.14 6.00 8.77  – – – – – –  9.89 7.35 15.86 15.86 7.25 12.18  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1 –  2 4 – – 4 ( 2)  12 18 – – 18 1  13 20 – – 21 1  12 18 19 19 18 1  16 20 – – 21 9  7 6 – – 6 8  4 4 12 12 4 4  6 4 – – 4 9  1 1 – – 1 2  4 2 30 30 1 8  4 ( 2) – – ( 2) 12  4 ( 2) – – ( 2) 10  4 1 6 6 ( 2) 10  4 ( 2) 3 3 ( 2) 11  5 ( 2) – – ( 2) 13  1 ( 2) – – ( 2) 3  ( 2) 1 17 17 – –  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 – ( 2)  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) 11 11 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Material Movement and Storage Workers ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... State and local government ......................  7,236 7,074 2,079 2,047 162  11.88 11.90 12.28 12.35 10.92  11.75 11.75 11.67 11.67 10.88  9.63 9.63 9.88 9.88 9.83  – – – – –  13.44 13.56 15.00 15.10 12.23  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – –  1 1 1 1 –  5 5 ( 2) ( 2) –  8 9 1 1 1  1 1 1 1 7  3 3 4 4 10  3 3 2 2 3  2 2 4 4 4  8 8 17 17 4  1 1 2 2 6  4 4 ( 2) ( 2) 17  19 20 31 32 19  8 7 4 4 20  12 12 4 4 5  5 5 3 3 1  2 2 5 5 2  4 4 12 12 2  12 12 4 4 –  1 1 4 4 –  ( 2) ( 2) – – –  – – – – –  Level 1: State and local government ..................  12  9.93  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  25  50  –  –  17  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level 2: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  1,888 1,886 140  12.60 12.60 10.88  11.67 11.67 10.82  9.88 9.88 9.32  – – –  15.71 15.71 12.19  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 1  – – 8  – – 11  1 1 3  4 4 3  18 18 –  2 2 6  ( 2) ( 2) 20  35 35 19  4 4 24  3 3 –  3 3 1  6 6 3  13 13 2  5 5 –  4 4 –  – – –  – – –  Forklift Operators .................................. Private industry ................................. Service-producing industries ........  1,657 1,657 779  12.01 12.01 11.25  12.23 12.23 12.23  9.88 9.88 9.25  – – –  14.21 14.21 12.23  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) –  2 2 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  7 7 14  2 2 3  4 4 8  18 18 4  2 2 4  1 1 2  12 12 3  25 25 52  2 2 –  5 5 9  5 5 ( 2)  12 12 –  3 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks .................... Private industry ................................. Goods-producing industries .......... Manufacturing ...........................  572 568 227 227  12.83 12.82 13.29 13.29  13.06 13.06 12.11 12.11  11.99 11.99 11.06 11.06  – – – –  13.06 13.06 16.23 16.23  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  6 6 6 6  8 8 18 18  ( 2) ( 2) – –  – – – –  10 10 11 11  9 8 17 17  49 50 11 11  2 1 1 1  1 1 3 3  6 6 15 15  8 8 19 19  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  16  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.50 and under 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $19.50 – 13.27  – –  – –  – –  2 1  – –  – 1  2 –  – 1  1 1  – 1  – 1  – 3  – –  9 3  2 16  2 59  13 11  ( 2) 2  – –  21 –  ( 2) –  29 –  19 –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 10.00 10.50 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00  Truckdrivers: Private industry: Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  2,532 152  $17.03 12.94  $17.81 13.27  $14.53 12.88  Light Truck ................................................ State and local government ..................  179 38  8.94 12.39  7.50 –  6.00 –  – –  10.22 –  – –  – –  – –  26 5  – –  1 3  25 –  1 3  1 3  21 3  1 3  3 13  – –  6 11  1 3  1 3  13 45  2 8  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Tractor Trailer ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  1,727 1,727 1,652  16.43 16.43 16.67  17.81 17.81 17.81  14.53 14.53 14.53  – – –  20.05 20.05 20.05  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 1 –  – – –  ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) –  2 2 –  – – –  12 12 13  3 3 3  3 3 3  19 19 20  ( 2) ( 2) –  – – –  30 30 32  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) –  28 28 29  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  17  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Number of holidays  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  State and local government  All industries  100  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  100  100  100  ( 1)  10  -  90  100  1 3  -  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays ..........................  1  1  -  1  -  5  6  In establishments providing paid holidays ................................  99  99  100  99  100  95  94  99  -  -  1  1  ( ) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 28 ( 1) ( 1) 8 ( 1) 1 12 1 12 ( 1) 20 9 3 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1)  16 4 2 3 ( 1) 16 19 33 1 4 2  1 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1) 32 ( 1) 1 10 1 14 2 11 ( 1) 21 2 4 ( 1) 2 -  -  6 73 6 3 -  ( 1) 1 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1) 30 3 6 ( 1) 9 ( 1) 24 9 6 ( 1) ( 1) 3 2  ( 1) 1 1 ( 1) ( 1) 38 4 7 ( 1) 10 ( 1) 14 6 7 ( 1) ( 1) 3 2  17 6 7 ( 1) 12 19 13 12 8 5  1 ( 1) ( 1) 55 1 7 ( 1) 7 ( 1) 10 ( 1) 3 ( 1) ( 1) -  1  -  -  -  4  1  -  -  -  99 99 99 99 99 77 68 57 47 14 6 3 2 1 1 1  99 99 99 99 99 70 61 47 35 15 6 3 1 ( 1) -  100 100 100 100 100 84 78 75 59 40 7 6 6 2 -  99 99 98 98 98 67 56 40 29 8 6 2 -  100 100 100 100 100 98 92 91 85 12 7 4 4 4 4 4  95 95 95 93 93 63 60 54 45 21 12 6 5 3 1 1  94 94 93 92 91 53 50 42 33 19 13 6 6 2 -  99 99 99 99 99 82 76 69 57 38 25 13 13 5 -  90 89 88 85 85 30 28 21 13 3 3 1 ( ) -  Number of holidays: 5 half days .................................................................... 8 half days .................................................................... 2 holidays ..................................................................... 3 holidays ..................................................................... 4 holidays ..................................................................... 5 holidays ..................................................................... 6 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 2 half days ...................................................... Plus 3 half days ...................................................... 7 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 8 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 1 half day ........................................................ 9 holidays ..................................................................... Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 10 holidays ................................................................... 11 holidays ................................................................... 12 holidays ................................................................... Plus 2 half days ...................................................... 13 holidays ................................................................... 14 holidays ................................................................... 15 holidays ................................................................... 16 holidays Plus 2 half days ......................................................  ( ) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) 22 ( 1) ( 1) 8 ( 1) 1 ( ) 9 1 11 ( 1) 33 8 3 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1)  2 6 1 -  -  1 2 2 7 60 21 4 4  Total paid holiday time2 2 days or more .................................................................... 3 days or more .................................................................... 4 days or more .................................................................... 5 days or more .................................................................... 6 days or more .................................................................... 7 days or more .................................................................... 8 days or more .................................................................... 9 days or more .................................................................... 10 days or more .................................................................. 11 days or more .................................................................. 12 days or more .................................................................. 13 days or more .................................................................. 14 days or more .................................................................. 15 days or more .................................................................. 16 days or more .................................................................. 17 days or more ..................................................................  See footnotes at end of table.  15  100 100 100 100 100 99 97 96 88 29 8 4 4 4 4 4  Table B-1. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Columbus, OH, Janaury 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Number of holidays  Average number of paid holidays where provided (in days) .....  All industries  8.8  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  8.4  9.6  8.1  State and local government  All industries  10.1  8.8  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  8.3  9.8  7.0  State and local government  10.4  1  Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Full and half days are combined. For example, the proportion of workers receiving 10 or more days includes those receiving at least 10 full days, or 9 full days plus 2 half days, or 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  16  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Columbus, OH, January 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations ........................  ( 1)  ( 1)  -  ( 1)  -  1  1  ( 1)  2  -  In establishments providing paid vacations .............................. Length-of-time payment ...................................................... Other ...................................................................................  99 99 ( 1)  99 99 ( 1)  100 100 -  99 99 ( 1)  100 100 -  99 99 ( 1)  99 99 ( 1)  99 99 -  98 98 ( 1)  100 100 -  Six months of service: Under 1 week ............................................................... 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ 4 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................  1 26 5 1 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  1 32 6 1 ( 1) ( 1)  51 -  2 27 7 2 1 ( 1)  6 3 1 ( ) 1 -  ( 1) 21 2 1 ( 1) ( 1) -  ( 1) 20 2 1 ( 1) ( 1) -  24 -  1 17 4 2 ( 1) ( 1) -  24 2 ( 1) -  1 year of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................  20 ( 1) 59 16 2 1 2 ( 1) ( 1)  25 ( 1) 69 2 2 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  12 88 -  28 ( 1) 63 3 2 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  3 28 60 1 7 -  37 1 58 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  46 2 49 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1) -  50 4 46 -  42 ( 1) 52 3 1 ( 1) ( 1) -  5 91 4 ( 1) ( 1) -  2 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... Over 1 and under 2 weeks ........................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................  3 72 16 3 1 2 1 ( 1) ( 1)  4 85 2 5 2 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  7 85 9 -  4 85 3 3 2 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  28 62 8 2 -  16 1 79 2 1 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  20 1 75 1 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  23 2 75 ( 1) -  17 75 1 2 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  2 91 6 ( 1) 1 -  3 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................  1 70 16 6 3 2 ( 1) ( 1)  2 84 3 8 2 1 ( ) ( 1) -  4 85 1 11 -  1 84 3 7 3 1 ( ) ( 1) -  24 62 4 8 2  8 80 3 2 4 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1)  10 82 2 3 ( 1) ( 1) -  16 77 4 3 -  5 87 1 3 ( 1) ( 1) -  73 6 20 ( 1) 1  By vacation pay provisions for:2  See footnotes at end of table.  17  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Columbus, OH, January 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  By vacation pay provisions for:2  3 years of service: 6 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................  1 ( 1)  1 ( 1)  -  2 ( 1)  -  1 ( 1)  1 ( 1)  -  2 ( 1)  -  4 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................  1 65 3 24 3 3 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  1 78 3 14 2 1 1 ( ) 1 ( 1)  4 83 1 13 -  ( 1) 77 3 14 3 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  24 5 57 4 8 2 -  8 77 3 6 4 1 ( ) ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  10 78 2 7 ( 1) 1 ( ) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  16 76 4 4 -  5 79 1 10 ( 1) 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  73 6 20 ( 1) 1 -  5 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................  1 26 2 62 3 4 ( 1) ( 1) 1 ( 1)  1 29 3 61 2 3 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  3 45 11 39 2 -  ( 1) 25 ( 1) 67 2 3 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  18 2 62 8 8 2 -  2 42 6 42 5 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1)  2 49 5 39 1 ( ) 2 1 ( 1)  3 61 12 20 3 -  1 38 ( 1) 55 ( 1) 1 2 ( 1)  15 6 54 23 ( 1) 1 -  8 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ 6 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................  1 9 5 73 2 6 1 1 1 ( 1)  1 11 6 72 2 5 ( 1) 1 ( ) 2 ( 1)  3 10 3 80 2 2 -  ( 1) 11 7 70 2 6 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  -  2 20 3 65 1 1 4 1 1 ( 1)  2 24 2 66 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) 1 1 ( 1)  3 23 5 66 1 3 -  1 25 ( 1) 66 ( 1) 3 ( 1) 2 ( 1)  -  4 2 75 5 8 4 2 -  5 5 62 5 ( 1) 20 1 -  10 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ Over 2 and under 3 weeks ........................................... 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 3 ( 1) 75 3 14 1 1  ( 1) 4 ( 1) 76 2 14 1 ( ) 1  ( 1) 3 1 85 3 7 -  ( 1) 4 73 2 16 1 ( ) 2  75 5 13 5 2  1 9 1 61 4 18 4 1  1 11 1 73 2 8 1 ( ) ( 1)  ( 1) 6 2 80 5 4 -  1 14 67 ( 1) 12 ( 1) 1  15 8 54 21 1  See footnotes at end of table.  18  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Columbus, OH, January 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Total  Private industry State and local government  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  -  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  -  -  -  -  1  2 ( ) 1 ( )  3 ( ) 1 ( )  State and local government  By vacation pay provisions for:2  10 years of service: Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1 ( )  -  ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1 ( )  12 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 3 52 6 21 15 1 ( 1) 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 4 63 8 21 1 ( 1) 2 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 85 3 7 2 -  ( 1) 4 57 9 25 2 ( 1) 2 ( 1) ( 1)  16 1 18 62 2 -  1 9 56 3 24 4 1 1 ( ) 1 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  15 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 6 and under 7 weeks ........................................... Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 14 2 60 16 3 1 1 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 17 2 72 1 3 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 12 83 2 -  ( 1) 3 18 2 69 1 4 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) ( 1) ( 1)  -  20 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ Over 7 and under 8 weeks ........................................... 8 weeks ........................................................................  ( 1) 2 8 1 56 16 13 1 1 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 11 2 66 1 14 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 3 9 1 68 1 17 2 -  25 years of service: 1 week ..........................................................................  ( 1)  ( 1)  ( 1)  2  See footnotes at end of table.  19  -  2 ( ) 1 ( )  -  1 11 67 2 15 ( 1) ( 1) 1 1 ( 1) 1 ( )  ( 1) 6 82 5 4 3 -  1 14 55 ( 1) 24 1 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) ( 1)  15 5 58 21 1 -  1 9 37 1 46 2 1 ( ) 1 ( 1) 1  ( 1) 6 38 2 50 3  1 11 36 ( 1) 42 4 1 ( ) 2 ( 1) ( 1)  -  6 1 23 64 2 4 -  1 7 31 1 38 12 2 4 1 ( 1) 1  9 4 9 56 1 20 -  ( 1) 3 11 2 65 1 14 ( 1) 2 ( 1) 1  25 64 7 4 -  1 7 16 1 44 2 21 5 2 1  1 9 21 1 51 1 12 ( 1) 2 1  ( 1) 6 16 2 54 1 16 3  1 11 24 ( 1) 48 9 ( 1) 4 ( 1)  16 7 55 22 -  ( 1)  -  1  1  ( 1)  1  1  3  1  -  Table B-2. Annual paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Columbus, OH, January 1996 — Continued White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Item  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Private industry Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  14 2 76 3 4 -  State and local government  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  7 15 1 ( ) 35 ( 1) 22 1 16 1 1 -  9 19 1 ( ) 42 24 ( 1) 2 1 1 -  6 12 41 36 1 3 -  11 24 ( 1) 44 14 ( 1) 2 1 1 ( ) -  10 1 15 5 69 -  By vacation pay provisions for:2  25 years of service: 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  2 8 1 40 1 42 1 3 1 ( ) ( 1)  3 11 2 47 1 32 ( 1) 3 1 ( 1)  24 61 2 -  3 11 2 53 1 24 ( 1) 4 1 ( 1)  30 years of service: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 2 8 1 38 1 40 1 7 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 11 2 45 1 29 1 ( ) 8 1 ( 1)  ( 1) 3 9 24 41 23 -  ( 1) 3 11 2 51 1 26 1 ( ) 4 1 ( 1)  14 1 77 3 4 -  1 7 15 ( 1) 29 ( 1) 23 1 22 1 1 -  1 9 19 ( 1) 34 26 ( 1) 8 1 1 -  ( 1) 6 12 31 32 16 3 -  1 11 24 ( 1) 37 21 ( 1) 2 1 ( 1) -  10 1 13 5 71 -  Maximum vacation available: 1 week .......................................................................... 2 weeks ........................................................................ 3 weeks ........................................................................ Over 3 and under 4 weeks ........................................... 4 weeks ........................................................................ Over 4 and under 5 weeks ........................................... 5 weeks ........................................................................ Over 5 and under 6 weeks ........................................... 6 weeks ........................................................................ 7 weeks ........................................................................ 8 weeks ........................................................................ Over 8 and under 9 weeks ...........................................  ( 1) 2 8 1 38 1 40 1 7 ( 1) ( 1)  ( 1) 3 11 2 45 1 29 ( 1) 8 1 ( 1)  ( 1) 3 9 24 41 23 -  ( 1) 3 11 2 51 1 26 ( 1) 4 1 ( 1)  14 1 77 3 4 -  1 7 15 ( 1) 29 ( 1) 22 1 22 1 1 -  1 9 19 ( 1) 34 25 ( 1) 9 1 1 -  ( 1) 6 12 31 32 16 3 -  1 11 24 ( 1) 37 19 ( 1) 4 1 ( 1) -  10 1 13 5 71 -  3 9  1 Less than 0.5 percent. 2 Payments other than "length of time" are converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 20 years include changes between 15 and 20 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay for 20  years include those eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after fewer years of service. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  20  Table B-3. Insurance, health, and retirement plans offered to full-time workers, Columbus, OH, January 1996 White-collar workers  Blue-collar workers  Private industry Type of plan  All industries  Private industry  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All industries  Total  Goodsproducing industries  Serviceproducing industries  State and local government  All full-time workers (in percent) .........................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments offering at least one of the benefits shown below1 .................................................................................  99  99  100  99  100  96  95  100  91  100  Life insurance ..................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  97 84  96 79  86 81  99 79  99 98  92 79  90 73  92 81  89 68  99 99  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance ............... Wholly employer financed ............................................  80 69  76 63  64 61  80 64  91 86  54 45  62 52  72 63  54 43  23 20  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both ...... Sickness and accident insurance ................................. Wholly employer financed ...................................... Sick leave (full pay, no waiting period) ......................... Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period) ......................  91 47 37 81 4  88 58 45 75 5  94 68 63 69 16  86 55 41 77 2  100 11 9 98 2  79 60 54 48 15  74 55 47 35 19  90 74 67 28 30  62 41 32 40 10  100 78 77 99 1  Long-term disability insurance ............................................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  68 49  68 45  67 51  68 44  70 61  43 28  51 34  56 43  48 27  10 2  Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance ................ Wholly employer financed ............................................  90 14  88 12  89 23  88 9  98 22  82 22  78 19  82 29  75 11  96 35  Health maintenance organizations ..................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  70 11  68 9  71 7  67 9  77 16  65 17  60 14  73 23  49 7  84 29  Dental care ......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  81 28  80 14  83 18  80 13  82 76  75 24  70 22  77 41  65 7  89 34  Vision care .......................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  40 22  30 7  34 12  28 5  75 74  50 19  42 15  51 31  34 3  82 31  Hearing care ....................................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  13 1  17 1  14 2  18 1  -  15 4  18 5  20 11  17 ( 2)  Alcohol and drug abuse treatment ...................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  93 21  92 20  97 38  91 15  96 25  86 27  84 24  93 42  76 10  96 39  Retirement benefits3 ........................................................... Wholly employer financed ............................................  95 49  93 61  97 61  92 61  100 9  90 50  88 56  96 71  82 44  100 28  Defined benefit ............................................................. Wholly employer financed ......................................  69 44  60 54  61 55  59 54  99 9  62 43  51 48  70 63  37 36  99 28  Defined contribution ...................................................... Wholly employer financed ......................................  64 8  84 11  90 6  82 12  56 6  71 8  65 8  75 8  1 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which the employer pays at least part of the cost. Excluded are plans required by the Federal Government such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement. 2 Less than 0.5 percent. 3 Establishments providing more than one type of retirement plan may cause the sum of the separate plans to  ( 2) -  -  ( 2) -  be greater than the total for all retirement plans. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals. Dashes indicate that no data were reported.  21  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments.1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from October 1995 through March 1996 and reflects an average payroll reference month of January 1996. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of December 1995 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area (December 1993). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in A-1  Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data which affected none of the occupational work levels published in this bulletin. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent.  Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows:  Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 14.5 percent of the sample establishments (representing 93,341 employees covered by the survey). An additional 1.8 percent of the sample establishments (representing 9,958 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero.  Percent of published occupational work levels 5.4 62.0 25.5 7.1  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error. If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. A-2  formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated) during the year.  Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency, reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys.  Paid vacations (table B-2). Establishments reported their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual pay, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay provided. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended" or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic vacation plans were excluded. Paid vacation provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual pay, for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay. Paid vacation provisions by length-of-service relate to all white-collar or blue-collar workers in the establishment. Counts of these workers by actual length-of-service were not obtained in the survey. Insurance, health, and retirement plans (table B-3). Insurance, health, and retirement plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization (HMO). Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. Federally required plans such as Social Security and Railroad Retirement are excluded. Benefit plans legally required by State governments, however, are included. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $200 week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans2 which provide for continuing an employee's pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by Social  Establishment practices and employee benefits The incidence of selected establishment practices and employee benefits was studied for full-time white- and blue-collar workers. White-collar workers include professional, technical, and related occupations; executive, administrative, and managerial occupations; sales occupations; and administrative support jobs, including clerical. Blue-collar workers include precision production, craft, and repair occupations; machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors; transportation and material moving occupations; handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers; and service jobs, except private households. Part-time, seasonal, and temporary employees are excluded from both the white- and blue-collar categories. Employee benefit provisions which apply to a majority of the white- or blue-collar workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all white- or blue-collar workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Benefits are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Retirement plans apply to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Paid holidays (table B-1). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a A-3  pay the employee a specified amount at retirement, contributes at a rate sufficient to fund these future payments. Defined contribution plans are those in which the employer agrees to contribute a certain amount but does not guarantee how much the plan will pay at retirement.  Security, workers' disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance provide at least partial payment for: (1) Hospital room charges; (2) inpatient surgery; and (3) doctors' fees for hospital, office, or home visits. Such benefits may be provided through either independent health care providers or Preferred Provider Organizations (PPOs). Under PPOs, participants are free to choose any provider, but receive care at lower costs if treatment is provided by designated hospitals, physicians, or dentists. These plans typically cover other expenses such as outpatient surgery and prescription drugs. An HMO provides comprehensive medical care in return for pre-established fees. Unlike insurance, HMOs cover routine preventive care as well as care required because of an illness and do not have deductibles or coinsurance (although there may be fixed copayments for selected services). HMOs may provide services through their own facilities; through contracts with hospitals, physicians, and other providers, such as individual practice associations (IPAs); or through a combination of methods. Dental care plans provide at least partial payment for routine dental care, such as checkups and cleanings, fillings, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or other dental care required as the result of an accident are not reported. Vision care plans provide at least partial payment for routine eye examinations, eyeglasses, or both. Hearing care plans provide at least partial payment for hearing examinations, hearing aids, or both. Alcohol and drug abuse treatment plans provide at least partial payment for institutional treatment (in a hospital or specialized facility) for addiction to alcohol or drugs. Retirement plans provide lifetime payments, a lump sum, or a limited number of payments. Included are defined benefit plans in which the employer, promising to  Labor-management coverage This survey collected the percent of workers covered by labor-management agreements in this area. An establishment is considered to have an agreement covering all white- or blue-collar workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement determining wages and salaries. Therefore, all other white- or blue-collar workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management agreements in effect, or have agreements that apply to fewer than half of their white- or blue collar workers. Because establishments with fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the survey, estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements.  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity. 2  An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  A-4  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Columbus, OH1, January 1996 Number of establishments  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey  Industry division2  Within scope of survey3  Total4  Studied Number  Percent  Full-time white-collar workers  Full-time blue-collar workers  Studied4  All divisions .........................................................................................  1,728  185  483,552  100  194,445  152,429  182,998  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Construction5 .................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services6 ....................................................... Wholesale trade7 .............................................................. Retail trade7 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate7 ................................ Services7 ..........................................................................  1,609 429 335 92 1,180  162 40 32 6 122  378,073 84,951 77,007 7,654 293,122  78 18 16 2 61  149,764 30,754 28,376 2,266 119,010  121,841 50,798 46,207 4,413 71,043  108,510 23,633 22,534 809 84,877  101 78 339 98 564  11 3 18 12 78  29,893 7,404 100,638 42,221 112,966  6 2 21 9 23  10,287 2,242 22,160 37,095 47,226  14,310 5,034 28,281 1,468 21,950  8,334 354 15,154 27,889 33,146  State and local government ..........................................................  119  23  105,479  22  44,681  30,588  74,488  Health services8 ............................................................................ Private industry ................................................................. Hospitals ................................................................................. Private industry .................................................................  102 100 16 14  16 14 7 5  36,577 35,114 23,005 21,542  8 7 5 4  20,827 19,931 13,778 12,882  10,898 10,371 7,798 7,271  11,953 10,490 8,243 6,780  1 The Columbus Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through June 1994, consists of Delaware, Fairfield, Franklin, Licking, Madison, and Pickaway Counties. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In manufacturing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined as  all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes part-time, seasonal, temporary, and other workers excluded from separate whiteand blue-collar categories. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. Separate data for this division are not presented in the B-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 7 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A- and B-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 8 Health services includes establishments primarily engaged in furnishing medical, surgical, and other health services to persons. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-5
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