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Occupational Compensation Pilot Survey Albuquerque, NM February− −March 1996 U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner August 1996 Bulletin 3082-1  Preface  tion and Working Conditions, in cooperation with the Office of Field Operations and the Office of Technology and Survey Processing, in the BLS National Office was responsible for the survey design and data processing and analysis.  This survey of occupational pay was conducted in February/March 1996 in the Albuquerque, New Mexico Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The MSA includes the counties of Bernalillo, Sandoval, and Valencia. Albuquerque is the first area selected for a series of tests using a new way of identifying and classifying occupations in establishments. The revised data collection procedure introduces a new method for determining the level of duties and responsibilities of surveyed occupations. This method, called “generic leveling,” will replace the job classification system now used in the Occupational Compensation Survey program (OCS). An entirely new statistical program will replace the existing OCS program, Employment Cost Index, and Employee Benefit Survey series. The working title of the program is COMP2000. Hourly wage rates for various occupational classifications compose the bulk of the information contained in this bulletin. One table contains data on weekly wage rates. Tables showing the number of workers included in the wage data are also presented. The bulletin consists primarily of tables whose data are analyzed in the initial textual section. Also contained in this bulletin is information on the new COMP2000 program, a technical note describing survey procedures, and several appendixes with detailed information on occupational classifications and the generic leveling methodology. Survey data were collected and reviewed by Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) field economists under the direction of the Dallas Regional Office. The Office of Compensa-  Where to find more information For additional information regarding this survey, please contact the BLS Dallas Regional Office at (214) 767-9379. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Compensation Data Analysis and Planning, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, DC 20212-0001, or call (202) 606-6219. The data contained in this bulletin are also available on the Internet’s World Wide Web through the BLS site: http://stats.bls.gov/comhome.htm Data are in ASCII files containing exactly the published table format. Electronic files for future surveys will contain positional columns of data in an ASCII file for easy manipulation as a data base or spreadsheet. A third format will be Portable Document Format that will contain the entire bulletin, cover, text, tables, and appendices. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-7828; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  iii  Contents  Page A new compensation survey ................................................................................................................ Wages in the Albuquerque, NM metropolitan area ..............................................................................  1 2  Appendixes: A. Technical note........................................................................................................................... B. Occupational classifications....................................................................................................... C. Generic leveling criteria ............................................................................................................ D. Generic leveling: an example ....................................................................................................  29 36 44 47  Tables: 1. Number of workers by occupation ............................................................................................ 2. Hourly earnings for selected occupations.................................................................................. 3. Hourly earnings for selected occupations, full-time workers only.............................................. 4. Hourly earnings for selected occupations, part-time workers only............................................. 5. Weekly earnings for selected white-collar occupations, full-time workers only ......................... 6. Number of workers by occupational group and level................................................................. 7 Hourly earnings by occupational group and level...................................................................... 8. Number of workers by occupational group and selected characteristic ...................................... 9. Hourly earnings by occupational group and selected characteristic, all industries ..................... 10. Hourly earnings by occupational group and selected characteristic, private industry ................. 11. Number of workers by occupational group and industry, private industry ................................. 12. Hourly earnings by occupational group and industry, private industry ...................................... 13. Hourly earnings by occupational group and industry, private industry, full-time workers only .. 14. Hourly earnings by occupational group and industry, private industry, part-time workers only . 15. Number of workers by occupational group and establishment employment size, private industry. 16. Hourly earnings by occupational group and establishment employment size, private industry... 17. Hourly earnings by occupational group and establishment employment size, private industry, full-time workers only............................................................................................................. 18. Hourly earnings by occupational group and establishment employment size, private industry, part-time workers only ............................................................................................................  4 6 9 11 12 14 16 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28  Appendix tables: A1. Number of establishments studied by industry and establishment employment size.................. A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings for selected occupations...............................  v  33 34  A new compensation survey  COMP2000 versus OCS The wage data in this bulletin differ from those in previous Occupational Compensation Survey bulletins by providing broader coverage of occupations and establishments within the survey area. The same holds for all future COMP2000 products. Occupations surveyed for this bulletin were selected using probability techniques from a list of all those present in each establishment. Previous OCS bulletins were limited to a preselected list of occupations, which represented a small subset of all occupations in the economy. Information in the new bulletin is published for a variety of occupation-based data. This new approach includes data on broad occupational classification, such as white-collar workers, major occupational groups such as sales workers, and individual occupations such as cashiers. In tables containing job levels within occupational series, the levels are derived from generic standards that apply to all occupational groups. The job levels in the OCS bulletins were based on narrowly-defined descriptions that were not comparable across specific occupations. Occupational data in this bulletin are also tabulated for other classifications such as industry group, full-time versus part-time status, union versus nonunion status, and establishment employment size. Not all of these series were generated by the OCS program. Finally, the establishments surveyed in this bulletin were selected from among all private and State and local government establishments. Previous OCS samples were limited to establishments with 50 or more employees. The wider scope of the COMP2000 program means that virtually all workers in the Albuquerque metropolitan statistical area are covered, excluding only private household and farm workers and employees of the Federal Government.  This bulletin represents the first test product of a new Bureau of Labor Statistics program called COMP2000. COMP2000 integrates three existing programs: the Occupational Compensation Survey (OCS), the Employment Cost Index (ECI), and the Employee Benefits Survey (EBS), into one comprehensive compensation program. Data from the new survey will be jointly collected from one common sample of establishments. The survey has several major goals: To make the most efficient use of available resources--dollars, people, and technology; to minimize the burden of collection on respondents; and to provide a wide range of statistical outputs reflecting up-todate economic and statistical concepts. The streamlining of programs and the addition of data will be phased in over time. At first, testing will concentrate on wage level data (such as contained in this bulletin) and the collection of demographic characteristics of workers (e.g., length of service). In Fall 1996, a new areabased sample will be put into place that will allow for the collection of wage data based on the methods refined in the early tests. The larger metropolitan area collections will yield bulletins similar to this one, which will replace the current Occupational Compensation Survey bulletins. Further testing concerning benefit data, wage trend data, and other compensation characteristics will begin within the next year. Based on those test results, new collection procedures for those types of statistics will be developed. The new procedures will be implemented beginning in 1998. Eventually, wage data and benefit information collected from the sample will be used to produce compensation indexes and statistics on benefit provisions and incidence. These new series will supplant the current ECI and EBS programs.  1  Wages in the Albuquerque, NM metropolitan area  Straight-time wages in the Albuquerque metropolitan area averaged $12.84 per hour during February and March, 1996 (table 2). White-collar workers had the highest average wage level, $15.62 per hour. Blue-collar workers averaged $10.93 per hour, while service workers had average earnings of $6.57 per hour. Within each of these occupational groups, average wages for individual occupations varied widely. For example, white-collar occupations included industrial engineers at $25.71 per hour, social workers at $15.20 per hour, and telephone operators at $9.31 per hour. Among occupations in the blue-collar category, automobile mechanics averaged $12.16 per hour while stock handlers and baggers averaged $7.00 per hour. Finally, service workers included waiters and waitresses at $2.70 per hour (not including tips) and janitors and cleaners at $7.14 per hour. Table 2 presents earnings data for 78 detailed occupations; data for other detailed occupations could not be reported separately due to concerns about the confidentiality of survey respondents.  Private industry workers, about 85 percent of the Albuquerque labor force studied, averaged $12.57 per hour, while State and local government workers earned $14.36 per hour (chart 1). (All comparisons in this analysis cover hourly rates for both full- and part-time workers, unless otherwise noted.) The difference in wages between the private and government sectors reflects several factors (chart 2). First, there was a greater proportion of higher paid, professional specialty and technical workers in State and local governments (39 percent of all employees) than in private industry (16 percent). Similarly, there was a greater proportion of government employees in service occupations (26 percent) than there were in the private sector (18 percent). Service workers in State and local governments, which included such jobs as police officers and firefighters, average $9.00 per hour compared to an average of $5.84 per hour for private sector service workers, which were more often food and health-related occupations.  Chart 1. Average hourly wage levels by industry, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996  Chart 2. Distribution of employment by occupational group, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996  Dollars per hour D ll h $ 14.50  Private Percent  State & local  14.00 70 13.50  60  13.00  50 40  12.50  30 12.00  20  11.50  10 All industries  Private industry  0  State & local government  Whitecollar  2  Bluecollar  Service  based on time (table 9). Average pay for incentive workers was $15.09 per hour compared with $12.72 per hour for time-based employees. Among sales occupations, incentive workers averaged $16.79 per hour compared with an average of $9.57 per hour for time-based sales workers.  Another reason for differences in pay between the private and government sectors is the higher number of parttime workers in the private sector than in State and local governments. Approximately 23 percent of private sector employees in Albuquerque worked part time, compared with only 14 percent of State and local government workers. Average wages for full-time workers in Albuquerque were $13.55 per hour, compared with an average of $7.89 per hour for part-time workers (tables 3-4). For some occupations, there was a large difference in wages between full- and part-time workers. For example, full-time general office clerks averaged $8.61 per hour compared with $6.05 per hour for their part-time counterparts. In other occupations, wages varied only slightly based on full- or part-time work schedule. Full-time waiters and waitresses averaged $2.77 per hour while part-timers averaged $2.50 per hour. Wages for different levels of work within major occupational groups showed a consistent pattern (table 7). With a few exceptions, as the level of work increased, so did the corresponding wage rate. A given level within a group may not have data because no workers were identified at that level or because there were not enough data to guarantee confidentiality. Among professional specialty occupations, workers at level 5 (typically entry level workers with a college degree) averaged $12.38 per hour. Workers at level 11, considered a fully functional professional, averaged $22.68 per hour. Finally, at the more senior level 13, professionals averaged $35.71 per hour. Blue-collar occupations were typically classified at lower work levels, and there was less of a spread in wages between lower and higher levels of work in an occupational group. For example, machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors wages ranged from an average of $5.78 per hour at level 1 (entry level or perform simple repetitive tasks) to $11.67 per hour at level 5 (skilled, experienced level) (chart 3). Union workers had higher hourly wage rates ($14.21) in Albuquerque than nonunion workers ($12.66) (table 9). Approximately 11 percent of the employees in Albuquerque were classified as union employees. Data are also available on average wages for employees paid on an incentive basis (typically a base pay plus commission or piece work) and employees paid strictly  Chart 3. Hourly wage rates by level for machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Dollars per hour $ 12  10  8  6  4 1  2  3  4  5  Levels  In the private sector, hourly wages averaged $13.37 in goods-producing industries compared with $12.33 in service-producing industries (table 12). Average hourly wages did vary more widely between industry divisions. For example, workers in transportation and public utilities averaged $15.62 per hour while workers in wholesale and retail trade averaged $9.04 per hour. Average hourly earnings generally increased as the number of workers in an establishment increased (table 16). Among workers in private sector establishments with fewer than 100 workers, earnings averaged $11.15 per hour. Private sector establishments with 100 workers or more employed workers with average wages of $14.00 per hour. In the largest establishments, those with 500 workers or more, wages averaged $16.40 per hour.  3  Table 1. Number of workers by occupation, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Full-time and part-time workers2 Occupation1  All industries  Private industry  All workers ............................................................ 273,889 233,260 All workers excluding sales .............................. 247,057 206,455 White-collar occupations .................................. 151,204 124,476 Professional specialty and technical occupations ............................................ 52,436 36,450 Professional specialty occupations ........... 38,423 24,253 Electrical and electronic engineers ....... 3,032 3,032 Industrial engineers .............................. 1,178 1,178 Computer systems analysts and scientists ......................................... 2,961 2,932 Registered nurses ................................ 6,269 3,587 Social workers ...................................... 2,891 – Lawyers ................................................ 672 – Technical occupations .............................. 14,013 12,196 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians ...................................... 1,782 – Radiological technicians ....................... 747 747 Licensed practical nurses ..................... 1,062 1,062 Health technologists and technicians, N.E.C. ............................................. 1,471 1,031 Electrical and electronic technicians ..... 2,017 1,985 Drafters ................................................. 910 – Legal assistants .................................... 706 – Technical and related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. 844 777 Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............................................ 22,205 17,915 Financial managers .............................. 1,112 1,067 Administrators, education and related fields ............................................... 1,391 – Managers, medicine and health ........... 825 671 Managers, service organizations, N.E.C. ............................................. 1,152 1,060 Managers and administrators, N.E.C. .. 7,239 6,515 Accountants and auditors ..................... 2,037 1,869 Management analysts .......................... 303 – Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists ....................................... 3,381 3,289 Management related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. 1,471 849 Sales occupations ........................................ 26,832 26,805 Supervisors, sales occupations ............ 3,112 3,112 Sales occupations, other business services .......................................... 1,998 1,998 Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale ........ 1,631 1,631 Sales workers, apparel ......................... 1,014 1,014 Sales workers, other commodities ........ 2,019 2,019 Sales counter clerks ............................. 1,722 1,722 Cashiers ............................................... 7,968 7,968 Sales support occupations, N.E.C. ....... 1,472 1,472 Administrative support including clerical occupations ............................................ 49,731 43,306 Supervisors, general office ................... 978 978 Secretaries ........................................... 5,727 5,297 Receptionists ........................................ 2,869 2,869 Order clerks .......................................... 3,323 3,323 Records clerks, N.E.C. ......................... 515 414 Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks .............................................. 3,014 2,784 Telephone operators ............................ 1,315 1,315 Messengers .......................................... 867 867 Dispatchers ........................................... 756 – Traffic, shipping and receiving clerks ... 675 580 Stock and inventory clerks .................... 1,578 859 See footnotes at end of table.  4  State and local government  Full-time workers2  Part-time workers2  Private industry  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  40,628 215,581 180,461 40,601 196,575 161,481 26,728 124,326 102,067  35,121 35,094 22,259  58,307 50,482 26,878  52,800 44,974 22,409  15,986 14,170 – –  43,452 31,741 3,032 1,178  31,934 21,425 3,032 1,178  11,517 10,316 – –  8,984 6,683 – –  4,516 2,829 – –  – 2,683 – – 1,816  2,961 4,044 2,665 672 11,711  2,932 2,240 – – 10,509  – – – – 1,202  – 2,226 – – 2,302  – 1,347 – – 1,687  – – –  – – 487  – – 487  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – – –  1,012 2,017 910 –  777 1,985 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  –  844  777  –  –  –  22,027 1,112  17,737 1,067  – –  – –  – –  1,391 825  – 671  – –  – –  – –  – – – –  974 7,239 2,037 303  882 6,515 1,869 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  –  3,381  3,289  –  –  –  – – –  1,471 19,007 3,051  849 18,980 3,051  – – –  –  –  –  –  4,290 –  – – – – – – 6,425 – 430 – – – – – – – – –  All industries  1,631 – 1,684 – 4,005 1,109  1,631 – 1,684 – 4,005 1,109  39,841 767 4,352 1,366 2,695 515  33,416 767 3,922 1,366 2,695 414  2,428 1,179 – 428 675 1,567  2,198 1,179 – – 580 848  4,290 –  – – – – – – 6,425 – 430 – – – – – – – – –  – 7,826 – –  – 7,826 – –  – – – 928 3,962 –  – – – 928 3,962 –  9,890 – – 1,504 – –  9,890 – – 1,504 – –  586 – – – – –  586 – – – – –  Table 1. Number of workers by occupation, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Full-time and part-time workers2 Occupation1  All industries  Private industry  Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators ................................... 1,294 Investigators and adjusters except insurance ........................................ 1,895 General office clerks ............................. 7,062 Bank tellers ........................................... 2,271 Data entry keyers ................................. 1,183 Teachers’ aides .................................... 348 Administrative support occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. 3,833 White-collar occupations excluding sales ..... 124,372 Blue-collar occupations .................................... 69,888 Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ............................................ 27,556 Supervisors, mechanics and repairers 617 Automobile mechanics ......................... 2,832 Carpenters ............................................ 1,792 Electricians ........................................... 2,174 Supervisors, production occupations .... 1,195 Inspectors, testers, and graders ........... 546 Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ............................................... 14,628 Miscellaneous machine operators, N.E.C. ............................................. 2,394 Transportation and material moving occupations ............................................ 11,014 Truck drivers ......................................... 5,570 Driver-sales workers ............................. 1,001 Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators ........................................ 963 Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................................................... 16,691 Groundskeepers and gardeners except farm ................................................ 369 Helpers, construction trades ................. – Construction laborers ........................... 1,987 Stock handlers and baggers ................. 4,949 Freight, stock, and material handlers, N.E.C. ............................................. 580 Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners .......................................... 560 Laborers except construction, N.E.C. ... 2,941 Service occupations ......................................... 52,796 Guards and police except public service ............................................ 1,348 Supervisors, food preparation and service occupations ........................ 1,148 Waiters and waitresses ........................ 6,023 Cooks ................................................... 4,643 Food counter, fountain, and related occupations .................................... 2,258 Kitchen workers, food preparation ........ 1,777 Food preparation occupations, N.E.C. 6,050 Health aides except nursing ................. 1,136 Nursing aides, orderlies and attendants 5,680 Maids and housemen ........................... 1,829 Janitors and cleaners ........................... 9,206 Child care workers, N.E.C. ................... 706 Service occupations, N.E.C. ................. 1,421  1,261 1,895 5,226 2,271 1,116 – 3,202 97,671 66,433 25,319 – 2,024 1,792 2,174 1,195 –  State and local government  –  Full-time workers2  All industries  Private industry  Part-time workers2  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  –  –  –  1,235  1,202  1,795 5,299 2,036 647 348  1,795 3,463 2,036 – –  – 1,836 – – 348  – 1,763 – – –  – 1,763 – – –  – 3,589 26,701 105,320 3,455 56,220  2,958 83,087 52,833  – 22,232 3,386  – 19,052 13,668  – 14,584 13,600  26,292 617 2,832 1,758 2,174 1,195 546  24,055 – 2,024 1,758 2,174 1,195 –  2,237 – – – – – –  1,264 – – – – – –  1,264 – – – – – –  1,290  1,290  – 1,836 – – 348  2,237 – – – – – –  14,598  –  13,338  13,308  –  2,363  –  2,144  2,114  –  667 – –  8,617 5,301 –  8,018 5,129 –  599 – –  10,347 5,399 1,001  – 2,397 – –  2,329 – –  887  –  963  887  –  16,170  –  7,973  7,453  –  8,718  8,718  – – 1,884 4,949  – – – –  – 849 1,897 1,133  – 771 1,795 1,133  – – – –  – – – 3,816  – – – 3,816  580  –  444  444  –  – 1,013 35,035  – 983 25,560  560 2,911 42,351  – – 10,446  1,313  –  565  1,148 6,023 4,005  – – –  894 3,528 2,528  894 3,528 1,889  – 1,228 3,143 1,136 2,808 1,546 8,412 – 685  – 1,228 3,041 550 2,398 1,342 4,334 – –  2,258 1,777 5,910 550 5,271 1,624 5,128 – 1,072  1 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 2 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time  – – – – – – 4,078 – 349  –  – – 9,475 – – – – – – – – – – 4,078 – –  –  –  –  –  –  – 1,928 17,761  – 1,928 16,791  –  –  – 2,495 2,116  – 2,495 2,116  1,722 – 2,908 – – – – – 736  1,722 – 2,869 – – – – – –  schedule. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  5  Table 2. Hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, all workers 2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 All industries  Private industry  State and local government  Occupation3 Mean Median All workers .................................................. $12.84 $10.19 All workers excluding sales .................... 12.92 10.47 White-collar occupations ........................ 15.62 13.25 Professional specialty and technical occupations .................................. 20.63 18.89 Professional specialty occupations 22.66 20.86 Electrical and electronic engineers .............................. 21.95 21.92 Industrial engineers .................... 25.71 – Computer systems analysts and scientists ............................... 20.36 20.39 Registered nurses ...................... 18.24 17.76 Social workers ............................ 15.20 – Lawyers ...................................... 26.66 – Technical occupations .................... 15.33 15.38 Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians ..................... 14.25 – Radiological technicians ............. 15.07 – Licensed practical nurses ........... 12.06 – Health technologists and technicians, N.E.C. ............... 10.90 10.45 Electrical and electronic technicians ............................ 16.51 – Drafters ....................................... 10.58 – Legal assistants .......................... 16.14 – Technical and related occupations, N.E.C. .............. 15.15 – Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ................ 21.34 17.39 Financial managers .................... 20.09 – Administrators, education and related fields ......................... 28.27 – Managers, medicine and health 26.70 – Managers, service organizations, N.E.C. ................................... 15.03 – Managers and administrators, N.E.C. ................................... 26.90 24.75 Accountants and auditors ........... 15.29 13.43 Management analysts ................ 15.61 – Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists .............. 16.29 15.29 Management related occupations, N.E.C. .............. 16.09 13.00 Sales occupations .............................. 12.12 8.21 Supervisors, sales occupations .. 21.53 17.03 Sales occupations, other business services ................. 13.89 – Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale .............................. 15.87 – Sales workers, apparel ............... 5.80 – Sales workers, other commodities ......................... 13.75 8.65 Sales counter clerks ................... 5.90 – Cashiers ..................................... 6.71 6.25 Sales support occupations, N.E.C. ................................... 8.31 – Administrative support including clerical occupations ...................... 9.26 8.58 Supervisors, general office ......... 11.46 – Secretaries ................................. 10.03 9.71 Receptionists .............................. 7.19 7.30 Order clerks ................................ 10.90 11.00 Records clerks, N.E.C. ............... 8.06 – Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks ....................... 8.99 8.47 Telephone operators .................. 9.31 – Messengers ................................ 6.86 – Dispatchers ................................. 8.97 –  Middle range  Mean Median  Middle range  Mean Median  Middle range  $7.00 – $16.35 $12.57 7.21 – 16.46 12.63 8.35 – 19.59 15.34  $9.87 10.07 12.88  $6.75 – $15.87 $14.36 $11.84 7.00 – 16.15 14.36 11.84 7.93 – 19.00 16.99 15.97  $8.63 – $18.50 8.63 – 18.50 10.31 – 21.67  15.14 – 16.47 –  24.15 26.05  20.85 23.48  18.89 21.63  15.00 – 16.57 –  25.00 27.71  15.63 – 16.40 –  17.69 – –  25.48 –  21.95 25.71  21.92 –  17.69 – –  25.48 –  15.92 – 15.75 – – – 11.78 –  25.00 19.81 – – 18.59  20.34 17.66 – – 15.55  20.34 17.24 – – 15.55  15.92 – 15.77 – – – 12.26 –  25.00 19.00 – – 19.26  – – –  – – –  8.29 –  11.78  20.04 20.96 – – – 19.04 – – 13.82  18.90 19.95  22.92 23.80  – –  – –  – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – 15.07 12.06  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  10.93  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – – –  – – –  16.54 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  15.70  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  14.38 – –  26.31 –  21.84 19.83  17.39 –  14.52 – –  26.44 –  19.16 –  16.88 –  11.93 – –  25.41 –  – –  – –  – 27.62  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  14.60  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15.38 – 12.56 – –  32.62 15.30 –  28.43 15.26 –  28.00 – –  18.46 – – –  36.12 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  13.55 –  16.82  16.21  15.29  13.55 –  16.44  –  –  –  –  10.35 – 6.00 – 12.25 –  21.20 13.18 30.01  19.43 12.11 21.53  – 8.21 17.03  – 6.00 – 12.25 –  – 13.18 30.01  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  13.89  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  15.87 5.80  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  13.75 5.90 6.71  8.65 – 6.25  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  –  –  7.25 – – 5.50 – – 7.00 – 8.00 6.50 7.21 –  13.12 – 6.78 –  – – – –  7.00 – – – –  8.31  –  10.59 – 11.83 7.84 14.56 –  9.25 11.46 9.89 7.19 10.90 7.95  8.39 – 9.71 7.30 11.00 –  10.01 – – –  8.86 9.31 6.86 –  7.79 – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  7.25 – – 5.50 – – 7.00 – 7.75 6.50 7.21 –  13.12 – 6.78 –  – – – –  6.90 – – – –  10.72 – 11.83 7.84 14.56 – 9.73 – – –  9.36 – 11.51 – – – – – – –  9.11 – – – – – – – – –  8.25 – – – – – – – – – –  10.35 – – – – – – – – –  Table 2. Hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, all workers 2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued All industries  Private industry  State and local government  Occupation3 Mean Median Traffic, shipping and receiving clerks .................................... Stock and inventory clerks .......... Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators .................. Investigators and adjusters except insurance .................. General office clerks ................... Bank tellers ................................. Data entry keyers ....................... Teachers’ aides .......................... Administrative support occupations, N.E.C. .............. White-collar occupations excluding sales ............................................. Blue-collar occupations .......................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................................. Supervisors, mechanics and repairers ............................... Automobile mechanics ............... Carpenters .................................. Electricians ................................. Supervisors, production occupations .......................... Inspectors, testers, and graders Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ..................................... Miscellaneous machine operators, N.E.C. .................. Transportation and material moving occupations .................................. Truck drivers ............................... Driver-sales workers ................... Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators ............. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers .................... Groundskeepers and gardeners except farm ........................... Construction laborers ................. Stock handlers and baggers ....... Freight, stock, and material handlers, N.E.C. ................... Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners ................................ Laborers except construction, N.E.C. ................................... Service occupations ............................... Guards and police except public service .................................. Supervisors, food preparation and service occupations ....... Waiters and waitresses .............. Cooks ......................................... Food counter, fountain, and related occupations .............. Kitchen workers, food preparation ........................... Food preparation occupations, N.E.C. ................................... Health aides except nursing ....... Nursing aides, orderlies and attendants .............................  Middle range  Mean Median  Middle range  Mean Median  Middle range  $8.94 9.12  – –  – –  – –  $8.93 7.99  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14.88  –  –  –  14.86  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  9.86 8.21 7.66 7.69 8.69  – $8.25 – – –  – $7.00 – – – –  – $9.23 – – –  9.86 8.08 7.66 7.58 –  – $8.00 – – –  – $6.40 – – – –  – $9.50 – – –  – $8.52 – – 8.69  10.46  9.00  8.41 –  12.50  10.72  9.00  8.41 –  13.20  16.32 10.93  14.42 10.20  9.07 – 7.50 –  20.19 13.40  16.15 10.91  14.00 10.00  8.80 – 7.50 –  19.86 13.70  16.99 11.41  15.97 11.15  10.31 – 9.92 –  21.67 12.71  12.98  12.09  9.59 –  16.25  13.07  12.09  9.35 –  16.26  12.04  11.84  10.60 –  12.71  –  – $8.55 – – – –  – $7.98 – – – – –  – $8.91 – – – –  11.86 12.16 12.81 12.83  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – 12.57 12.81 12.83  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  17.16 13.36  – –  – –  – –  17.16 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  9.23  8.69  8.76  –  12.41 13.60 8.62  11.84 13.77 –  9.03  –  7.23  7.00  8.59 7.08 7.00  – 7.00 6.50  6.56  –  6.57  –  6.01 6.57  5.36 6.05  5.96  –  6.91 2.70 6.41  – 2.13 5.97  5.08  –  6.65  –  5.63 7.33  5.50 –  7.50  7.32  6.50 – – 8.25 – 10.50 – – –  11.13 – 17.70 17.70 –  9.23  8.70  8.78  –  12.50 13.70 8.62  12.00 14.18 –  –  8.88  –  5.25 –  8.46  7.14  7.00  – 5.50 – 4.50 –  – 8.00 8.46  – 6.99 7.00  – 7.00 6.50  –  –  6.56  –  –  –  6.57  –  6.50 7.81  5.95 5.84  5.36 5.50  –  5.94  –  – 2.35 7.35  6.91 2.70 6.00  – 2.13 5.50  –  –  5.08  –  –  –  6.65  –  4.75 – –  6.00 –  5.60 7.37  5.50 –  6.29 –  9.00  7.56  7.56  5.00 – 5.00 – – – 2.13 – 5.00 –  See footnotes at end of table.  7  6.50 – – 8.07 – 10.51 – – –  11.15 – 17.70 17.70 –  11.02 – –  10.85 – –  9.63 – – –  11.84 – –  –  –  –  –  –  5.25 –  8.17  –  –  –  –  – 5.50 – 4.50 –  – 8.00 8.46  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  6.07 6.94  – 9.00  – 8.21  –  –  –  –  –  – 2.35 6.88  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  4.65 – –  6.00 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6.29 –  9.00  –  –  –  –  5.00 – 4.75 – – – 2.13 – 5.00 –  – 6.83 –  – 9.58  Table 2. Hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, all workers 2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued All industries  Private industry  State and local government  Occupation3 Mean Median Maids and housemen ................. Janitors and cleaners ................. Child care workers, N.E.C. ......... Service occupations, N.E.C. .......  $5.60 7.14 6.97 5.54  – $6.50 – 5.25  Middle range – $5.50 – – 4.75 –  – $8.34 – 6.10  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 All workers include full-time and part-time workers. Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each  Mean Median $5.39 6.50 – 5.48  – $5.75 – –  Middle range – $5.40 – – –  – $7.50 – –  Mean Median – $7.86 – 5.77  – – – –  Middle range – – – –  – – – –  establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  8  Table 3. Hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time workers only2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 All industries  Private industry  State and local government  Occupation3 Mean Median All workers .................................................. $13.55 $11.00 All workers excluding sales .................... 13.57 11.25 White-collar occupations ........................ 16.31 14.00 Professional specialty and technical occupations .................................. 21.15 19.10 Professional specialty occupations 23.22 21.31 Electrical and electronic engineers .............................. 21.95 21.92 Industrial engineers .................... 25.71 – Computer systems analysts and scientists ............................... 20.36 20.39 Registered nurses ...................... 17.91 16.96 Social workers ............................ 15.46 – Lawyers ...................................... 26.66 – Technical occupations .................... 15.66 15.83 Licensed practical nurses ........... 11.15 – Health technologists and technicians, N.E.C. ............... 11.28 – Electrical and electronic technicians ............................ 16.51 – Drafters ....................................... 10.58 – Technical and related occupations, N.E.C. .............. 15.15 – Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ................ 21.36 17.39 Financial managers .................... 20.09 – Administrators, education and related fields ......................... 28.27 – Managers, medicine and health 26.70 – Managers, service organizations, N.E.C. ................................... 14.96 – Managers and administrators, N.E.C. ................................... 26.90 24.75 Accountants and auditors ........... 15.29 13.43 Management analysts ................ 15.61 – Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists .............. 16.29 15.29 Management related occupations, N.E.C. .............. 16.09 13.00 Sales occupations .............................. 13.27 8.96 Supervisors, sales occupations .. 21.73 17.30 Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale .............................. 15.87 – Sales workers, other commodities ......................... 14.79 9.00 Cashiers ..................................... 6.64 6.25 Sales support occupations, N.E.C. ................................... 8.64 – Administrative support including clerical occupations ...................... 9.61 8.95 Supervisors, general office ......... 12.39 – Secretaries ................................. 10.49 10.34 Receptionists .............................. 7.74 – Order clerks ................................ 11.53 – Records clerks, N.E.C. ............... 8.06 – Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks ....................... 9.18 8.93 Telephone operators .................. 9.55 – Dispatchers ................................. 9.44 – Traffic, shipping and receiving clerks .................................... 8.94 – Stock and inventory clerks .......... 9.14 – Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators .................. 14.99 – Investigators and adjusters except insurance .................. 9.91 – General office clerks ................... 8.61 8.59 Bank tellers ................................. 7.73 –  Middle range  Mean Median  Middle range  Mean Median  Middle range  $7.53 – $16.83 $13.42 $11.00 7.75 – 16.84 13.44 11.21 9.00 – 20.17 16.20 13.62  $7.26 – $16.59 $14.22 $11.65 7.50 – 16.66 14.21 11.64 8.58 – 19.90 16.86 15.55  $8.63 – $18.41 8.63 – 18.41 10.31 – 21.52  15.50 – 16.59 –  24.88 26.76  21.43 24.18  19.26 21.88  15.38 – 16.59 –  25.31 28.54  15.63 – 16.14 –  17.69 – –  25.48 –  21.95 25.71  21.92 –  17.69 – –  25.48 –  15.92 – 15.40 – – – 12.05 – –  25.00 19.98 – – 18.92 –  20.34 17.43 – – 15.74 11.15  20.34 16.69 – – 15.90 –  15.92 – 15.40 – – – 12.20 – –  25.00 18.87 – – 19.45 –  20.33 21.04 – – – – – – 15.02 –  18.73 19.88  22.92 23.85  – –  – –  – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  –  –  11.13  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  16.54 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  15.70  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  14.38 – –  26.31 –  21.87 19.83  17.39 –  14.52 – –  26.44 –  19.16 –  16.88 –  11.93 – –  25.41 –  – –  – –  – 27.62  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  14.48  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15.38 – 12.56 – –  32.62 15.30 –  28.43 15.26 –  28.00 – –  18.46 – – –  36.12 – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  13.55 –  16.82  16.21  15.29  13.55 –  16.44  –  –  –  –  10.35 – 6.33 – 12.98 –  21.20 15.17 30.01  19.43 13.27 21.73  – 8.96 17.30  – 6.33 – 12.98 –  – 15.07 30.01  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  –  –  – 7.95 – 5.75 – –  – 16.35 6.78 –  15.87  –  14.79 6.64  9.00 6.25  8.64  –  – 7.95 – 5.75 – –  – 16.35 6.78 –  7.50 – – 8.90 – – – –  11.00 – 11.83 – – –  9.66 12.39 10.38 7.74 11.53 7.95  8.90 – 10.25 – – –  7.30 – – 8.85 – – – –  11.25 – 11.83 – – –  6.90 – – –  10.31 – –  9.05 9.55 –  8.50 – –  6.90 – – –  10.01 – –  9.36 – 11.51 – – –  9.11 – – – – –  8.25 – – – – – –  10.35 – – – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – –  – –  8.93 8.00  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  14.97  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – 9.50 –  – 8.52 –  – 8.55 –  – 7.58 – –  – 9.50 –  See footnotes at end of table.  9  9.91 8.66 7.73  – 9.00 –  – 7.21 – –  – 7.98 – –  – 8.91 –  Table 3. Hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time workers only2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued All industries  Private industry  State and local government  Occupation3 Mean Median Data entry keyers ....................... Teachers’ aides .......................... Administrative support occupations, N.E.C. .............. White-collar occupations excluding sales ............................................. Blue-collar occupations .......................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................................. Supervisors, mechanics and repairers ............................... Automobile mechanics ............... Carpenters .................................. Electricians ................................. Supervisors, production occupations .......................... Inspectors, testers, and graders Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ..................................... Miscellaneous machine operators, N.E.C. .................. Transportation and material moving occupations .................................. Truck drivers ............................... Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators ............. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers .................... Helpers, construction trades ....... Construction laborers ................. Stock handlers and baggers ....... Freight, stock, and material handlers, N.E.C. ................... Laborers except construction, N.E.C. ................................... Service occupations ............................... Guards and police except public service .................................. Supervisors, food preparation and service occupations ....... Waiters and waitresses .............. Cooks ......................................... Kitchen workers, food preparation ........................... Food preparation occupations, N.E.C. ................................... Health aides except nursing ....... Nursing aides, orderlies and attendants ............................. Maids and housemen ................. Janitors and cleaners ................. Service occupations, N.E.C. .......  $8.25 8.69  – –  Middle range – –  – –  Mean Median – –  $8.41 – $12.50 $10.97  – – $9.06  Middle range – –  – –  $8.41 – $13.20  Mean Median – $8.69 –  Middle range  – –  – –  – –  –  –  –  10.65  $9.08  16.86 11.44  14.97 10.75  9.58 – 8.00 –  20.93 14.22  16.86 11.44  14.66 10.57  9.36 – 8.00 –  20.65 14.65  16.86 $15.55 $10.31 – $21.52 11.43 11.15 9.93 – 12.71  13.04  12.12  9.75 –  16.25  13.14  12.12  9.59 –  16.50  12.04  11.84  10.60 –  12.71  11.86 12.16 12.82 12.83  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – 12.57 12.82 12.83  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  17.16 13.36  – –  – –  – –  17.16 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  9.39  9.00  9.08  –  13.14 13.63  12.06 13.92  9.03  –  7.58 7.77 7.11 8.03  7.50 – 7.01 –  6.71  –  6.71 6.81  – 6.25  6.37  –  6.97 2.77 6.90  – – 6.88  6.65  –  5.93 7.33  – –  6.88 5.63 7.15 5.37  – – 6.50 –  6.50 –  11.25  – 9.00 – 10.45 –  – 17.70 17.70  –  9.40  9.00  9.11  –  13.28 13.73  12.21 14.45  –  8.88  –  8.50 – 8.00 –  7.45 7.61 7.02 8.03  7.37 – – –  –  6.71  –  – 7.98  6.63 5.92  – 5.75  –  –  –  – – 8.20  6.97 2.77 6.41  – – 6.35  –  –  6.65  –  – –  – –  5.90 7.37  – –  – – 8.34 –  6.87 5.40 6.48 –  – – 5.75 –  5.55 – – 5.50 – – – – 5.20 – – – – 5.70 –  – – 5.75 – –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a  6.50 – – 9.00 – 10.51 – –  11.25 – 17.70 17.70  11.09 –  10.85 –  9.93 – –  11.84 –  –  –  –  –  –  8.17 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  –  –  –  –  –  – 6.90  – 9.10  – 8.21  –  –  –  –  –  – – 7.00  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  –  –  –  –  –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – – 7.50 –  – – 7.86 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5.50 – – – – – – 5.00 – – – – 5.50 –  – – 5.40 – –  – 7.00 –  – 9.82  35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  10  Table 4. Hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, part-time workers only2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 All industries  Private industry  Occupation3 Mean Median All workers .................................................. All workers excluding sales .................... White-collar occupations ........................ Professional specialty and technical occupations .................................. Professional specialty occupations Registered nurses ...................... Technical occupations .................... Sales occupations .............................. Sales counter clerks ................... Cashiers ..................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ...................... Receptionists .............................. Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks ....................... General office clerks ................... White-collar occupations excluding sales ............................................. Blue-collar occupations .......................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ..................................... Transportation and material moving occupations .................................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers .................... Stock handlers and baggers ....... Laborers except construction, N.E.C. ................................... Service occupations ............................... Waiters and waitresses .............. Cooks ......................................... Food counter, fountain, and related occupations .............. Food preparation occupations, N.E.C. ................................... Service occupations, N.E.C. .......  Middle range  Mean Median  $7.89 8.05 9.69  $6.50 6.50 7.22  $5.01 – 5.00 – 5.93 –  $9.00 9.00 12.08  $7.18 7.23 8.32  $6.15 6.25 7.00  15.69 17.09 19.25 12.61 6.86 6.57 6.84  16.69 19.00 – 13.00 6.00 – 5.76  10.07 13.60 – 10.07 5.25 – 5.00  –  20.50 20.97 – 14.75 7.46 – 8.47  13.64 13.63 18.24 13.65 6.86 6.57 6.84  14.75 16.72 – – 6.00 – 5.76  6.85 6.18  6.85 –  5.65 – –  7.44 –  6.85 6.18  6.85 –  7.59 6.05  – –  – –  7.59 6.05  – –  9.05 7.01  7.00 6.14  10.83 7.02  – – – –  – –  7.99 6.14  6.40 – 5.00 –  15.49 8.18  Middle range $5.00 – 5.00 – 5.52 – 8.67 7.50 – – 5.25 – 5.00  – –  $8.46 8.50 9.00  –  19.00 19.00 – – 7.46 – 8.47  5.65 – –  7.44 –  –  – – 6.00 – 5.00 –  – – 10.00 8.07  9.91  –  –  –  9.91  –  –  –  6.22  –  –  –  6.22  –  –  –  7.61  –  –  –  7.56  –  –  –  6.65 6.51  5.50 5.00  4.65 – 4.50 –  7.66 8.47  6.65 6.51  5.50 5.00  4.65 – 4.50 –  7.66 8.47  4.99 5.66 2.50 5.30  – 5.25 – –  – 4.25 – – –  – 7.15 – –  4.99 5.62 2.50 5.30  – 5.10 – –  – 4.25 – – –  – 7.15 – –  5.08  –  –  –  5.08  –  –  –  4.96 6.14  – –  – –  – –  4.95 –  – –  – –  – –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each  establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  11  Table 5. Mean weekly earnings1 and hours for selected white-collar occupations, full-time workers only2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 All industries Occupation3  White-collar occupations .................................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ............................................ Professional specialty occupations ........... Electrical and electronic engineers ....... Industrial engineers .............................. Computer systems analysts and scientists ......................................... Registered nurses ................................ Social workers ...................................... Lawyers ................................................ Technical occupations .............................. Licensed practical nurses ..................... Health technologists and technicians, N.E.C. ............................................. Electrical and electronic technicians ..... Drafters ................................................. Technical and related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............................................ Financial managers .............................. Administrators, education and related fields ............................................... Managers, medicine and health ........... Managers, service organizations, N.E.C. ............................................. Managers and administrators, N.E.C. .. Accountants and auditors ..................... Management analysts .......................... Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists ....................................... Management related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. Sales occupations ........................................ Supervisors, sales occupations ............ Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale ........ Sales workers, other commodities ........ Cashiers ............................................... Sales support occupations, N.E.C. ....... Administrative support including clerical occupations ............................................ Supervisors, general office ................... Secretaries ........................................... Receptionists ........................................ Order clerks .......................................... Records clerks, N.E.C. ......................... Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks .............................................. Telephone operators ............................ Dispatchers ........................................... Traffic, shipping and receiving clerks ... Stock and inventory clerks .................... Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators ................................... Investigators and adjusters except insurance ........................................ General office clerks ............................. Bank tellers ........................................... Data entry keyers .................................  Mean weekly hours4  Private industry  Weekly earnings Mean  Median  Mean weekly hours4  39.8  $650  $560  39.3 39.1 40.7 40.6  832 909 893 1044  40.0 38.0 39.9 42.2 39.8 38.0  814 680 617 1124 624 424  41.7 40.0 40.0  State and local government  Weekly earnings Mean  Median  Mean weekly hours4  40.1  $649  $540  737 801 877 –  40.0 40.2 40.7 40.6  856 971 893 1044  816 647 – – 634 –  40.0 38.0 – – 39.5 38.0  470 660 423  – – –  40.0  606  41.3 40.5  882 814  40.0 42.1  Weekly earnings Mean  Median  38.6  $650  $619  762 869 877 –  37.6 37.0 – –  765 779 – –  710 710 – –  813 662 – – 622 424  814 636 – – 631 –  – – – – 42.5 –  – – – – 639 –  – – – – – –  38.3 40.0 –  426 662 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  –  40.0  628  –  –  –  –  716 –  41.6 40.5  910 804  734 –  766 –  675 –  1131 1125  – –  – 42.6  – 1178  – –  – –  – –  – –  44.2 40.9 44.3 40.7  661 1101 677 635  – 1098 577 –  44.6 41.0 44.7 –  646 1166 681 –  – 1150 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  40.0  651  612  40.0  648  612  –  –  –  40.4 39.8 40.2  650 528 873  520 358 681  40.7 39.8 40.2  791 528 873  – 358 681  – – –  – – –  – – –  40.0 37.8 38.5 39.4  635 559 256 341  – 342 240 –  40.0 37.8 38.5 39.4  635 559 256 341  – 342 240 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  39.6 40.9 39.9 38.7 39.6 38.6  380 507 418 300 457 311  356 – 414 – – –  39.6 40.9 39.9 38.7 39.6 38.2  382 507 414 300 457 304  354 – 410 – – –  39.4 – 40.0 – – –  368 – 460 – – –  364 – – – – –  40.2 40.0 40.0 39.9 39.9  369 382 378 357 365  357 – – – –  40.2 40.0 – 39.9 39.8  364 382 – 356 319  340 – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  39.4  590  –  39.4  589  –  –  –  –  40.0 39.2 40.0 39.3  397 338 309 324  – 342 – –  40.0 39.0 40.0 –  397 338 309 –  – 360 – –  – 337 – –  – 338 – –  See footnotes at end of table.  12  40.0 –  – 39.6 – –  Table 5. Mean weekly earnings1 and hours for selected white-collar occupations, full-time workers only2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued All industries Occupation3  Teachers’ aides .................................... Administrative support occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. White-collar occupations excluding sales .....  Mean weekly hours4  Private industry  Weekly earnings Mean  Median  Mean weekly hours4  32.6  $284  –  39.8 39.8  424 672  $360 596  1 Earnings are the straight-time weekly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time  State and local government  Weekly earnings Mean  Median  Mean weekly hours4  –  –  –  39.8 40.2  $437 677  $361 577  Weekly earnings Mean  Median  32.6  $284  –  – 38.6  – 650  – $617  employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 4 Mean weekly hours are the hours an employee is scheduled to work in a week. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  13  Table 6. Numbers of workers by occupational group and level1, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Full-time and part-time workers3 Occupational group2 and level  White-collar occupations .................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ............. Professional specialty occupations ........................ Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Level 10 ................................ Level 11 ................................ Level 12 ................................ Level 13 ................................ Technical occupations .............. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations .......... Level 5 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Level 10 ................................ Level 11 ................................ Level 12 ................................ Level 13 ................................ Level 15 ................................ Sales occupations ........................ Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 11 ................................ Administrative support including clerical occupations ................ Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. White-collar occupations excluding sales ....................... Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Level 10 ................................ Level 11 ................................  Full-time workers3  Part-time workers3  All industries  Private industry  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  151,204  124,476  26,728  124,326  102,067  22,259  26,878  22,409  52,436  36,450  15,986  43,452  31,934  11,517  8,984  4,516  38,423 2,472 1,385 – 2,208 6,722 2,484 4,120 4,791 3,693 14,013 1,038 813 2,200 2,212 2,183 1,084 1,130  24,253 – – 1,165 1,092 5,903 2,469 3,142 3,630 1,957 12,196 833 745 1,714 1,984 2,025 1,084 1,032  14,170 – – – 1,116 819 – – – – 1,816 – – – – – – –  31,741 – – – 2,208 5,378 2,484 3,916 4,675 3,693 11,711 – 683 1,725 1,702 1,844 1,084 707  21,425 – – – 1,092 4,635 2,469 3,142 3,514 1,957 10,509 – 616 1,649 1,474 1,687 1,084 –  10,316 – – – 1,116 – – – – – 1,202 – – – – – – –  6,683 – – – – 1,344 – – – – 2,302 – – – – – – –  2,829 – – – – 1,268 – – – – 1,687 – – – – – – –  22,205 482 1,706 1,056 3,175 2,137 3,809 2,736 2,835 1,337 26,832 4,621 5,513 2,737 2,341 3,478 1,540 1,205 1,390 1,438  17,915 – 1,503 1,010 2,477 1,435 3,557 1,896 1,628 1,321 26,805 4,621 5,513 2,737 2,341 3,478 1,540 1,205 1,363 1,438  4,290 – – – – – 252 – – – – – – – – – – – – –  22,027 482 1,706 1,056 3,056 2,137 3,750 2,736 2,835 1,337 19,007 2,214 2,836 1,051 1,975 2,789 1,540 1,205 1,390 1,438  17,737 – 1,503 1,010 2,358 1,435 3,497 1,896 1,628 1,321 18,980 2,214 2,836 1,051 1,975 2,789 1,540 1,205 1,363 1,438  4,290 – – – – – 252 – – – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – 7,826 2,407 2,678 1,686 – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – 7,826 2,407 2,678 1,686 – – – – – –  49,731 4,795 7,552 9,970 10,622 8,679 3,209 3,655 653  43,306 4,752 7,013 8,794 9,781 6,832 2,454 2,461 –  6,425 – – 1,176 840 – – – –  39,841 1,627 4,092 7,894 9,749 8,575 2,999 3,655 653  33,416 1,585 3,553 6,718 8,909 6,728 2,244 2,461 –  6,425 – – 1,176 840 – – – –  9,890 3,167 3,459 2,077 872 – – – –  9,890 3,167 3,459 2,077 872 – – – –  124,372 4,795 7,705 11,008 11,434 13,831 7,897 15,128 5,002 11,175 5,084 10,370  97,671 4,752 7,166 9,627 10,526 9,799 6,481 7,155 3,808 9,561 4,367 9,139  26,701 – – 1,381 908 4,032 1,416 – 1,194 1,614 – 1,231  105,320 1,627 4,246 8,505 10,432 11,931 6,746 11,947 5,002 9,289 5,084 10,105  83,087 1,585 3,707 7,329 9,525 8,982 5,535 6,669 3,808 7,752 4,367 9,079  22,232 – – 1,176 908 2,949 1,211 – 1,194 1,538 – 1,026  19,052 3,167 3,459 2,503 1,002 1,900 – – – 1,886 – –  14,584 3,167 3,459 2,298 1,002 – – 486 – 1,809 – –  See footnotes at end of table.  14  Table 6. Numbers of workers by occupational group and level1, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Full-time and part-time workers3 Occupational group2 and level  Level 12 ................................ Level 13 ................................ Level 15 ................................ Not able to be leveled ........... Blue-collar occupations .................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................ Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Transportation and material moving occupations ................ Level 2 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers .............. Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Service occupations ......................... Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 ..................................  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  7,696 6,528 1,770 809 69,888  5,695 3,585 1,754 – 66,433  27,556 2,147 778 2,376 5,204 3,841 6,171 4,787 1,344  25,319 2,147 778 2,068 4,981 3,033 5,446 4,614 1,344  14,628 1,505 4,311 1,174 3,082 2,784  14,598 1,505 4,311 1,144 3,082 2,784  – – – – – –  11,014 2,033 4,014 1,117  10,347 1,935 3,623 1,055  16,691 8,050 2,389 4,557 1,334 52,796 15,608 12,084 9,992 9,104 3,239  16,170 7,955 2,335 4,372 1,193 42,351 15,100 10,444 8,500 5,505 1,606  Full-time workers3  All industries  Private industry  – – – – 3,455  7,580 6,528 1,770 – 56,220  5,579 3,585 1,754 – 52,833  2,237 – – – – – – – –  26,292 1,642 – 2,129 5,017 3,841 6,044 4,732 1,344  24,055 1,642 – 1,822 4,794 3,033 5,319 4,558 1,344  13,338 – 3,488 1,174 3,082 2,784  13,308 – 3,488 1,144 3,082 2,784  667 – 392 –  8,617 1,140 3,924 1,117  – – – – – 10,446 – 1,640 – – –  7,973 2,763 1,990 1,525 1,334 35,035 8,726 8,044 6,883 5,522 3,090  1 Each occupation for which wage data are collected in an establishment is evaluated based on 10 factors, including knowledge, complexity, work environment, etc. Points are assigned based on the occupation’s ranking within each factor. The points are summed to determine the overall level of the occupation. See technical note for more information. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 3 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time  Part-time workers3  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  – – – – 3,386  – – – – 13,668  – – – – 13,600  2,237 – – – – – – – –  1,264 – – – – – – – –  1,264 – – – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1,290 – – – – –  1,290 – – – – –  8,018 1,110 3,533 1,055  599 – 392 –  2,397 – – –  2,329 – – –  7,453 2,668 1,936 1,339 1,193 25,560 8,286 6,676 5,430 2,517 1,457  – – – – – 9,475 – 1,369 – 3,005 –  8,718 5,287 – – – 17,761 6,882 4,039 3,109 3,582 –  8,718 5,287 – – – 16,791 6,814 3,769 3,070 – –  schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  15  Table 7. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group and level2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Full-time and part-time workers4 Occupational group3 and level  White-collar occupations .................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ............. Professional specialty occupations ........................ Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Level 10 ................................ Level 11 ................................ Level 12 ................................ Level 13 ................................ Technical occupations .............. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations .......... Level 5 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Level 10 ................................ Level 11 ................................ Level 12 ................................ Level 13 ................................ Level 15 ................................ Sales occupations ........................ Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 11 ................................ Administrative support including clerical occupations ................ Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. White-collar occupations excluding sales ....................... Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Level 10 ................................ Level 11 ................................  Full-time workers4  Part-time workers4  All industries  Private industry  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  State and local government  $15.62  $15.34  $16.99  $16.31  $16.20  20.63  20.85  20.04  21.15  22.66 12.38 12.94 – 17.89 18.39 21.00 22.68 24.53 35.71 15.33 7.48 9.64 12.57 14.05 15.18 18.25 16.68  23.48 – – 15.12 16.10 17.90 21.06 22.58 26.48 45.44 15.55 7.25 9.73 13.00 14.32 15.40 18.25 17.11  20.96 – – – 19.76 21.93 – – – – 13.82 – – – – – – –  21.34 12.46 13.52 14.10 14.33 14.76 19.90 22.80 27.57 46.85 12.12 6.01 6.33 8.41 7.79 9.67 8.98 13.47 17.30 32.86  21.84 – 13.32 14.10 15.11 16.51 19.58 24.42 26.92 47.00 12.11 6.01 6.33 8.41 7.79 9.67 8.98 13.47 17.30 32.86  9.26 6.04 6.78 7.80 9.46 10.04 11.87 12.48 15.17 16.32 6.04 6.85 7.77 9.47 10.80 12.81 16.48 16.77 16.98 18.26 21.01  All industries  Private industry  $16.86  $9.69  $8.32  21.43  20.33  15.69  13.64  23.22 – – – 17.89 18.35 21.00 22.76 24.49 35.71 15.66 – 9.82 12.86 14.33 15.23 18.25 16.14  24.18 – – – 16.10 17.75 21.06 22.58 26.46 45.44 15.74 – 9.94 12.95 14.72 15.48 18.25 –  21.04 – – – 19.76 – – – – – 15.02 – – – – – – –  17.09 – – – – 18.64 – – – – 12.61 – – – – – – –  13.63 – – – – 18.71 – – – – 13.65 – – – – – – –  19.16 – – – – – 24.58 – – – – – – – – – – – – –  21.36 12.46 13.52 14.10 14.30 14.76 19.93 22.80 27.57 46.85 13.27 6.23 6.48 8.23 7.90 9.78 8.98 13.47 17.30 32.86  21.87 – 13.32 14.10 15.09 16.51 19.61 24.42 26.92 47.00 13.27 6.23 6.48 8.23 7.90 9.78 8.98 13.47 17.30 32.86  19.16 – – – – – 24.58 – – – – – – – – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – 6.86 5.66 5.98 8.58 – – – – – –  – – – – – – – – – – 6.86 5.66 5.98 8.58 – – – – – –  9.25 6.02 6.71 7.66 9.47 10.21 12.21 13.80 –  9.36 – – 8.74 9.32 – – – –  9.61 6.12 6.97 7.86 9.47 10.05 12.14 12.48 15.17  9.66 6.08 6.89 7.70 9.48 10.23 12.60 13.80 –  9.36 – – 8.74 9.32 – – – –  6.85 5.95 6.42 7.40 9.29 – – – –  6.85 5.95 6.42 7.40 9.29 – – – –  16.15 6.02 6.80 7.62 9.49 10.73 12.96 14.33 16.01 17.03 19.42 20.71  16.99 – – 8.75 9.27 11.02 12.15 – 19.40 16.67 – 23.36  16.86 6.12 7.08 7.82 9.49 10.88 12.97 15.94 16.77 16.79 18.26 21.03  16.86 6.08 7.03 7.66 9.51 10.79 13.25 14.30 16.01 16.82 19.42 20.73  16.86 – – 8.74 9.27 11.18 11.71 – 19.40 16.61 – 23.75  10.83 5.95 6.42 7.53 9.11 9.60 – – – 18.41 – –  9.05 5.95 6.42 7.40 9.11 – – 15.03 – 18.44 – –  See footnotes at end of table.  16  Table 7. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group and level2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Full-time and part-time workers4 Occupational group3 and level  Level 12 ................................ Level 13 ................................ Level 15 ................................ Not able to be leveled ........... Blue-collar occupations .................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Level 6 .................................. Level 7 .................................. Level 8 .................................. Level 9 .................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................ Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Transportation and material moving occupations ................ Level 2 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 .................................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers .............. Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Service occupations ......................... Level 1 .................................. Level 2 .................................. Level 3 .................................. Level 4 .................................. Level 5 ..................................  Full-time workers4  Part-time workers4  All industries  Private industry  State and local government  All industries  Private industry  State and local government  $24.00 32.22 43.40 11.75 10.93  $25.84 37.24 43.49 – 10.91  – – – – $11.41  $23.97 32.22 43.40 – 11.44  $25.82 37.24 43.49 – 11.44  12.98 7.66 8.74 8.80 11.07 12.51 14.97 15.38 15.90  13.07 7.66 8.74 8.48 11.02 12.89 15.32 15.30 15.90  12.04 – – – – – – – –  13.04 7.72 – 8.89 11.02 12.51 14.99 15.40 15.90  13.14 7.72 – 8.56 10.96 12.89 15.34 15.33 15.90  9.23 5.78 7.56 7.68 8.78 11.67  9.23 5.78 7.56 7.69 8.78 11.67  9.39 – 7.69 7.68 8.78 11.67  9.40 – 7.69 7.69 8.78 11.67  12.41 8.94 13.07 11.40  12.50 8.93 13.35 11.36  11.02 – 10.51 –  13.14 10.34 13.11 11.40  13.28 10.40 13.40 11.36  7.23 5.86 6.23 8.89 9.13 6.57 5.13 5.52 6.41 7.19 8.14  7.14 5.83 6.22 8.87 8.92 5.84 5.05 5.28 6.02 7.11 7.36  – – – – – 9.00 – 6.90 – – –  7.58 6.71 6.21 8.95 9.13 6.81 5.14 5.72 6.76 7.04 8.18  7.45 6.66 6.20 8.90 8.92 5.92 5.03 5.47 6.34 6.63 7.38  – – – – – –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 Each occupation for which wage data are collected in an establishment is evaluated based on 10 factors, including knowledge, complexity, work environment, etc. Points are assigned based on the occupation’s ranking within each factor. The points are summed to determine the overall level of  All industries  Private industry  – – – – $11.43  – – – – $7.02  – – – – $7.01  12.04 – – – – – – – –  9.91 – – – – – – – –  9.91 – – – – – – – –  6.22 – – – – –  6.22 – – – – –  11.09 – 10.51 –  7.61 – – –  7.56 – – –  – – – – – 9.10 – 6.88 – 7.41 –  6.65 4.94 – – – 5.66 5.10 4.75 5.03 7.53 –  6.65 4.94 – – – 5.62 5.10 4.63 5.03 – –  – – – – – –  the occupation. See technical note for more information. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 4 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  17  Table 8. Number of workers by occupational group and selected characteristic, all industries, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Occupational group1  Union2  Nonunion2  Full-time3  Part-time3  Time4  Incentive4  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales ....................... White-collar occupations ............................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ........................................ Professional specialty occupations ...... Technical occupations .......................... Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ..................... Sales occupations ................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ........................................ Blue-collar occupations ................................ Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ........................................ Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................................... Transportation and material moving occupations ........................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ........................................ Service occupations .....................................  31,439 31,138 12,921  242,450 215,919 138,283  215,581 196,575 124,326  58,307 50,482 26,878  261,763 243,202 141,835  12,125 3,855 9,369  – – 1,672  43,317 30,976 12,341  43,452 31,741 11,711  8,984 6,683 2,302  52,436 38,423 14,013  – – –  – –  22,027 26,532  22,027 19,007  – 7,826  21,751 18,562  – 8,271  3,324 11,122  46,407 58,767  39,841 56,220  9,890 13,668  49,087 67,873  644 2,016  5,954  21,602  26,292  1,264  26,517  1,039  1,100  13,528  13,338  1,290  14,084  –  3,212  7,802  8,617  2,397  10,797  –  856 –  15,835 45,401  7,973 35,035  8,718 17,761  16,475 52,056  – –  1 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational ’groups. 2 Union workers are those whose wages are determined through collective bargaining. 3 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the  minimum full-time schedule. 4 Time workers wages are based solely on hourly or weekly rates; incentive workers are those whose wages are at least partially based on productivity payments such as piece rates, commissions, and production bonuses. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  18  Table 9. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group and selected characteristic, all industries, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Occupational group2  Union3  Nonunion3  Full time4  All workers ...................................................................... All workers excluding sales ................................. White-collar occupations ....................................... Professional specialty and technical occupations .................................................. Professional specialty occupations ................ Technical occupations .................................... Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations .................................................. Sales occupations ............................................. Administrative support including clerical occupations .................................................. Blue-collar occupations .......................................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors Transportation and material moving occupations Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ......................................................... Service occupations ...............................................  $14.21 14.28 16.63  $12.66 12.72 15.54  $13.55 13.57 16.31  – – 14.13  20.81 22.94 15.48  Time5  Incentive5  $7.89 8.05 9.69  $12.72 12.94 15.55  $15.09 11.56 16.57  21.15 23.22 15.66  15.69 17.09 12.61  20.63 22.66 15.33  – – –  21.36 12.17  21.36 13.27  – 6.86  21.28 9.57  – 16.79  11.56 14.90  9.09 10.10  9.61 11.44  6.85 7.02  9.29 10.89  7.75 12.08  16.18 11.08 15.47  12.07 9.07 11.09  13.04 9.39 13.14  9.91 6.22 7.61  12.94 9.23 12.39  14.15 – –  8.87 –  7.11 6.01  7.58 6.81  6.65 5.66  7.22 6.60  – –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy.Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 3 Union workers are those whose wages are determined through  Part time4  – –  collective bargaining. 4 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 5 Time workers wages are based solely on hourly or weekly rates; incentive workers are those whose wages are at least partially based on productivity payments such as piece rates, commissions, and production bonuses. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  19  Table 10. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group and selected characteristic, private industry, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Occupational group2  Union3  Nonunion3  Full time4  All workers ...................................................................... All workers excluding sales .................................... White-collar occupations ........................................ Professional specialty and technical occupations .................................................. Professional specialty occupations ................ Technical occupations .................................... Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations .................................................. Sales occupations .............................................. Administrative support including clerical occupations .................................................. Blue-collar occupations .......................................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................................................. Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors Transportation and material moving occupations Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ......................................................... Service occupations ...............................................  $14.97 15.14 –  $12.42 12.45 15.41  $13.42 13.44 16.20  – – –  20.94 23.48 15.44  – –  Time5  Incentive5  $7.18 7.23 8.32  $12.42 12.66 15.23  $15.09 11.56 16.57  21.43 24.18 15.74  13.64 13.63 13.65  20.85 23.48 15.55  – – –  21.87 12.17  21.87 13.27  – 6.86  21.79 9.56  – 16.79  – 15.65  9.04 10.08  9.66 11.44  6.85 7.01  9.27 10.86  7.75 12.08  17.29 11.08 –  12.11 9.07 11.08  13.14 9.40 13.28  9.91 6.22 7.56  13.02 9.24 12.48  14.15 – –  7.10 5.83  7.45 5.92  6.65 5.62  7.12 5.87  – –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy.Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 3 Union workers are those whose wages are determined through  Part time4  – –  collective bargaining. 4 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 5 Time workers wages are based solely on hourly or weekly rates; incentive workers are those whose wages are at least partially based on productivity payments such as piece rates, commissions, and production bonuses. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  20  Table 11. Number of workers by occupational group, private industry, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Goods-producing industries2 Occupational group1  All workers .................................................. All workers excluding sales ................ White-collar occupations .................... Professional specialty and technical occupations .............................. Professional specialty occupations ......................... Technical occupations ................ Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............ Sales occupations .......................... Administrative support including clerical occupations .................. Blue-collar occupations ...................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................... Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors .......................... Transportation and material moving occupations .............................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................ Service occupations ...........................  All private industries  Total  ConManustruction facturing  233,260 206,455 124,476  49,964 49,090 16,557  16,288 16,260 1,814  36,450  7,782  –  7,673  24,253 12,196  5,383 2,398  – –  17,915 26,805  3,710 873  43,306 66,433  Service-producing industries3  Total  18,902 18,029 9,667  67,299 48,112 29,162  13,359 11,259 12,111  83,737 79,965 56,978  28,668  1,767  1,574  311  25,017  5,373 2,301  18,870 9,798  673 1,094  – –  545 –  3,166 –  14,204 25,932  1,140 –  – 19,187  1,910 2,100  – 3,771  4,192 32,551  1,133 14,450  3,059 18,101  39,114 33,882  5,887 9,165  5,287 16,092  7,790 –  20,150 8,057  25,319  14,059  9,299  4,760  11,259  3,681  4,637  14,598  11,657  11,635  2,941  10,347  1,965  817  1,147  8,382  16,170 42,351  4,870 855  4,312 –  –  1 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 2 Goods-producing industries include mining, construction, and manufacturing. 3 Service-producing industries include transportation and public utilities;  33,675 183,297 32,830 157,365 14,743 107,919  TransFinance, Wholeportation insursale and and ance, Services retail public and real trade utilities estate  – –  11,300 41,496  – 5,112 – –  –  – –  16,587 8,430  –  2,408  –  1,882  2,415  –  –  8,016 22,045  – –  2,912 18,701  wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  21  Table 12. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group, private industry, all workers, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Goods-producing industries3  Occupational group2  All private industries Total  All workers .................................................. All workers excluding sales ................ White-collar occupations .................... Professional specialty and technical occupations .............................. Professional specialty occupations ......................... Technical occupations ................ Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............ Sales occupations .......................... Administrative support including clerical occupations .................. Blue-collar occupations ...................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................... Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors .......................... Transportation and material moving occupations .............................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................ Service occupations ...........................  $12.57 12.63 15.34  Construction  Manufacturing  Service-producing industries4  Total  TransWholeportsale ation and and retail public trade utilities  $13.37 $11.81 $14.09 $12.33 $15.62 13.35 11.82 14.07 12.39 15.44 18.31 14.21 18.83 14.85 15.32  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Services  $9.04 $12.56 $13.83 8.31 10.86 13.96 11.44 13.17 16.84  20.85  20.57  –  20.68  20.93  19.67  23.48 15.55  22.79 15.52  – –  22.79 15.69  23.69 15.56  24.09 16.91  21.84 12.11  22.55 14.40  21.35 –  22.77 –  21.66 12.02  27.05 –  – 10.71  17.39 22.00  – 10.48  9.25 10.91  10.23 10.86  10.61 11.49  10.08 10.39  9.14 10.95  10.86 15.97  8.66 8.96  9.58 –  8.53 8.40  13.07  12.37  12.80  11.53  13.97  18.53  12.46  9.23  9.74  9.74  7.01  12.50  12.56  11.06  13.66  12.49  7.14 5.84  7.79 9.28  7.98 –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations  –  – –  6.85 5.76  – 14.43 – –  14.73 – –  16.27 – –  21.45 24.43 15.47  –  11.05  –  –  7.26  9.02  –  –  6.77 4.95  – –  6.32 6.50  is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy.Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 3 Goods-producing industries include mining, construction, and manufacturing. 4 Service-producing industries include transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupational groups and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  22  Table 13. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group, private industry, full-time workers only, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Goods-producing industries3  Occupational group2  All private industries Total  All workers .................................................. All workers excluding sales ................ White-collar occupations .................... Professional specialty and technical occupations .............................. Professional specialty occupations ......................... Technical occupations ................ Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............ Sales occupations .......................... Administrative support including clerical occupations .................. Blue-collar occupations ...................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................... Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors .......................... Transportation and material moving occupations .............................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................ Service occupations ...........................  $13.42 13.44 16.20  Construction  Manufacturing  Service-producing industries4  Total  TransWholeportsale ation and and retail public trade utilities  Finance, insurance, and real estate  Services  $13.62 $12.19 $14.23 $13.35 $16.09 $10.04 $12.86 $14.82 13.61 12.20 14.22 13.37 15.93 9.24 11.00 14.94 18.50 14.35 19.02 15.77 15.45 12.37 13.53 18.06  21.43  20.57  –  20.68  21.71  20.09  –  24.18 15.74  22.79 15.52  – –  22.79 15.69  24.65 15.81  24.09 17.44  – –  21.87 13.27  22.55 14.40  21.35 –  22.77 –  21.69 13.22  27.05 –  – 11.68  17.39 24.14  – 11.46  9.66 11.44  10.48 11.04  10.76 11.88  10.37 10.47  9.56 11.92  10.92 16.82  8.96 9.93  9.72 –  9.09 8.79  13.14  12.38  12.83  11.53  14.15  18.53  12.77  9.40  9.81  9.81  7.19  13.28  12.56  11.06  13.66  13.50  7.45 5.92  7.82 –  8.03 –  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations  –  – –  7.27 5.81  – 15.77 – –  16.27 – –  22.11 25.18 15.65  –  11.05  –  –  7.63  9.95  –  –  7.26 4.98  – –  6.48 6.44  is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy.Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 3 Goods-producing industries include mining, construction, and manufacturing. 4 Service-producing industries include transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  23  Table 14. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group, private industry, part-time workers only, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Goods-producing industries3  Occupational group2  All private industries Total  All workers .................................................. All workers excluding sales ................ White-collar occupations .................... Professional specialty and technical occupations .............................. Professional specialty occupations ......................... Technical occupations ................ Sales occupations .......................... Administrative support including clerical occupations .................. Blue-collar occupations ...................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations .................... Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors .......................... Transportation and material moving occupations .............................. Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................ Service occupations ...........................  $7.18 7.23 8.32  $7.45 7.45 –  Manufacturing  $6.19 6.19 –  Service-producing industries4  Total  $7.16 7.22 8.36  Wholesale and retail trade  $5.89 5.65 6.49  Finance, insurance, and real estate $7.17 7.34 7.17  Services  $8.42 8.47 9.52  13.64  –  –  13.64  –  –  15.09  13.63 13.65 6.86  – – –  – – –  13.63 13.65 6.86  – – 6.61  – – –  15.77 14.22 7.85  6.85 7.01  – –  – –  6.85 6.82  6.70 6.57  7.34 –  6.82 6.05  9.91  –  –  9.85  9.85  –  –  6.22  –  –  6.25  –  –  6.36  7.56  –  –  7.56  –  –  –  6.65 5.62  – –  – –  6.22 5.63  6.30 4.89  – –  5.75 6.72  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salaries paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, holidays, nonproduction bonuses, and tips. The mean is computed by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers, weighted by hours. The median designates position--one-half of the workers receive the same as or more, and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay--one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates, and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual  occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy.Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. 3 Goods-producing industries include mining, construction, and manufacturing. 4 Service-producing industries include transportation and public utilities; wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  24  Table 15. Number of workers1 by occupational group, private industry by establishment employment size, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 100 workers or more Occupational group2  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales .......................... White-collar occupations .............................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ........................................ Professional specialty occupations ...... Technical occupations .......................... Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ........................................ Sales occupations .................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ........................................ Blue-collar occupations ................................ Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ........................................ Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................................... Transportation and material moving occupations ........................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ........................................ Service occupations .....................................  All workers  1 - 99 workers  Total  100 - 499 workers  500 workers or more  233,260 206,455 124,476  120,519 103,077 61,907  112,741 103,378 62,569  63,439 56,517 31,192  49,303 46,861 31,377  36,450 24,253 12,196  13,390 10,456 2,934  23,060 13,797 9,262  9,797 5,345 4,453  13,262 8,453 4,810  17,915 26,805  7,634 17,442  10,281 9,363  4,052 6,921  6,229 2,442  43,306 66,433  23,442 34,910  19,865 31,523  10,421 17,465  9,443 14,058  25,319  14,581  10,737  6,001  4,736  14,598  5,495  9,103  2,698  6,406  10,347  4,638  5,709  3,848  16,170 42,351  10,197 23,701  5,973 18,650  4,918 14,781  1 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 2 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian  – – 3,868  economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  25  Table 16. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group, private industry by establishment employment size, all workers2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 100 workers or more Occupational group3  All establishments  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales .......................... White-collar occupations .............................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ........................................ Professional specialty occupations ...... Technical occupations .......................... Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ........................................ Sales occupations .................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ........................................ Blue-collar occupations ................................ Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ........................................ Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................................... Transportation and material moving occupations ........................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ........................................ Service occupations .....................................  1 - 99 workers  Total  100 - 499 workers  500 workers or more  $12.57 12.63 15.34  $11.15 11.07 13.58  $14.00 14.08 17.00  $11.88 11.82 15.03  $16.40 16.47 18.84  20.85 23.48 15.55  20.12 21.84 14.04  21.27 24.71 16.04  19.32 22.88 14.88  22.61 25.80 17.01  21.84 12.11  18.58 11.60  24.38 13.04  23.63 12.40  24.88 14.78  9.25 10.91  8.87 10.07  9.65 11.76  8.91 10.14  10.41 13.49  13.07  11.70  14.87  12.99  17.21  9.23  7.63  10.11  8.03  10.98  12.50  12.54  12.47  10.36  7.14 5.84  7.12 5.25  7.17 6.53  6.98 6.33  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salary paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, and holidays, and nonproduction bonuses. 2 All workers include full-time and part-time workers. Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm,  – – 7.19  where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  26  Table 17. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group, private industry by establishment employment size, full-time workers2 only, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 100 workers or more Occupational group3  All establishments  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales .......................... White-collar occupations .............................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ........................................ Professional specialty occupations ...... Technical occupations .......................... Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ........................................ Sales occupations .................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ........................................ Blue-collar occupations ................................ Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ........................................ Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................................... Transportation and material moving occupations ........................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ........................................ Service occupations .....................................  1 - 99 workers  Total  100 - 499 workers  500 workers or more  $13.42 13.44 16.20  $11.99 11.88 14.49  $14.78 14.82 17.74  $12.89 12.79 16.05  $16.54 16.55 19.11  21.43 24.18 15.74  20.97 22.89 13.65  21.70 25.15 16.37  19.99 23.59 15.40  22.70 25.96 17.06  21.87 13.27  18.61 12.68  24.38 14.33  23.63 13.69  24.88 16.06  9.66 11.44  9.31 10.65  10.02 12.18  9.41 10.69  10.53 13.52  13.14  11.77  14.90  13.01  17.21  9.40  7.76  10.24  8.19  11.04  13.28  13.09  13.46  11.39  7.45 5.92  7.29 5.37  7.60 6.58  7.50 6.28  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salary paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, and holidays, and nonproduction bonuses. 2 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule.  – – 7.19  3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  27  Table 18. Mean hourly earnings1 by occupational group, private industry by establishment employment size, part-time workers2 only, Albuquerque, NM, March 1996 100 workers or more Occupational group3  All establishments  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales .......................... White-collar occupations .............................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ........................................ Professional specialty occupations ...... Technical occupations .......................... Sales occupations .................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ........................................ Blue-collar occupations ................................ Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ........................................ Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ........................................... Transportation and material moving occupations ........................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ........................................ Service occupations .....................................  1 - 99 workers  Total  100 - 499 workers  500 workers or more  $7.18 7.23 8.32  $6.62 6.57 7.43  $7.94 8.09 9.53  $7.82 8.01 9.52  $9.30 9.64 9.59  13.64 13.63 13.65 6.86  10.54 7.12 – 6.90  15.70 18.52 12.05 6.79  15.69 – 12.25 5.99  – – – –  6.85 7.01  6.65 6.99  7.12 7.05  7.13 7.10  – –  9.91  9.48  –  –  –  6.22  6.45  –  –  –  –  –  –  7.56 6.65 5.62  1 Earnings are the straight-time hourly wages or salary paid to employees. They include incentive pay, cost-of-living adjustments, hazard pay, and on-call pay. Excluded are premium pay for overtime, vacations, and holidays, and nonproduction bonuses. 2 Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule.  – 6.94 4.87  5.61 6.41  5.61 6.41  – –  3 A classification system including about 450 individual occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  28  Appendix A: Technical Note  This section provides basic information on the procedures and concepts used to produce the data contained in this bulletin. It is divided into three parts: Planning for the survey; data collection; and processing and analyzing the data. While this section answers some questions commonly asked by data users, it is not a comprehensive description of all the steps required to produce the data.  The sample design for this survey area was a two stage probability sample of detailed occupations. The first stage of sample selection was a probability-proportional-to-size sample of establishments. Use of this technique means that the larger an establishment’s employment, the greater its chance of selection. Weights were applied to each establishment when the data were tabulated so that it represents similar units (by industry and employment size) in the economy which were not selected for collection. See Appendix Table 1 for a count of establishments in the survey by employment size. The second stage of sample selection, detailed below, was a probability sample of occupations within a sampled establishment.  Planning for the survey The overall design of the survey, which was based on the type of data to be produced, had to be developed before data collection could begin.  Data collection  Survey scope This survey of the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing workers1 in goods-producing industries (mining, construction and manufacturing); service-producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries); and State and local governments. For purposes of this survey an establishment was an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. For all industries in this survey and for State and local governments, the establishment was usually at a single physical location.  Numerous procedures were developed for the actual collection of data from survey respondents. Occupational selection and classification Identification of the occupations for which wage data were to be collected was a multi-step process: Step one: Probability-proportional-to-size selection of company jobs. Step two: Classification of jobs into occupations based on the Census of Population system. Step three: Characterization of jobs as full-time v. part-time, union v. nonunion, and time v. incentive. Step four: Determination of the level of work of each job.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Albuquerque, NM Metropolitan Statistical Area (December 1994).The sampling frame was reviewed prior to the survey and, when necessary, missing establishments were added.  For each occupation, wage data were collected only for those workers who met all the criteria identified in the last three steps. In step one, the company jobs to be sampled were selected at each establishment by the BLS field economist during a personal visit. A complete list of employees was used for sampling, with each selected worker representing a job within the establishment. As with the selection of establishments, the selection of a company job was based on probability proportional to its size in the establishment. The greater the number of people working in a job in the establishment, the greater its chance of selection.  Sample design 1  If an establishment had at least one employee at the time data were collected, it was in-scope for the survey. In theory, any sampled establishment in the universe could have one or more employees when the data are actually collected.  29  termined through collective bargaining or negotiations; and 3) settlement terms, which must include earnings provisions and may include benefit provisions, were embodied in a signed, mutually binding collective bargaining agreement. If these conditions were not met, the worker’s job was classified as nonunion.  The number of jobs collected in each establishment was based on an establishment’s employment size as shown in the following schedule: Number of employees Number of selected jobs 0-49 4 50-99 8 100-249 10 250-499 12 500-999 16 1000+ 20  Generic leveling through point factor analysis In the last step before wage data were collected, the work level of each selected job was determined using a “generic leveling” process. Generic leveling ranks and compares all occupations randomly selected in an establishment using the same criteria. This is a major departure from the method used in the past in the Bureau’s Occupational Compensation Surveys which studied specifically defined occupations with leveling definitions unique to each occupation. For the Albuquerque survey, the level of each occupation in an establishment was determined by an analysis of each of 10 leveling factors. Nine of these factors are drawn from the U.S. Government Office of Personnel Management’s Factor Evaluation System, which is the underlying structure for evaluation of General Schedule Federal employees. The tenth factor, supervisory duties, is an attempt to account for the effect of supervisory duties. It is considered experimental. The 10 factors were:  NOTE: If the number of employees in an establishment was less than four, then the number of company jobs selected would be equal to the number of employees. The second step of the process entailed classifying the selected jobs into occupations based on their duties. The COMP2000 occupational classification system is based on the 1990 Census of Population. A selected company job may fall into any one of about 450 occupational classifications, from accountant to wood lathe operator. In cases where a job’s duties overlapped two or more census classification codes, classification was based on the primary duty. Each occupational classification is an element of a broader classification known as a major occupational group (MOG). Occupations can fall into any of the following MOG’s:  • • • • • • • • • •  • Professional specialty and technical • Executive, administrative, and managerial • Sales • Administrative support including clerical • Precision production, craft, and repair • Machine operators, assemblers, and repair inspectors • Transportation and material moving • Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers, • Service occupations  Knowledge Supervisory duties Supervisory controls Guidelines Complexity Scope and effect Personal contacts Purpose of contacts Physical demands Work environment  Each factor contains a number of levels and each level has an associated written description and point value. The number and range of points differs among the factors. For each factor, an occupation was assigned a level based on which written description best matched the job. Within each occupation, the points for the 10 factors were recorded and totaled. The total determines the overall level of the occupation. A description of the levels for each factor, followed by the corresponding point value, is shown in Appendix C. Tabulations of levels of work for occupations in the survey follow the federal government’s white-collar General Schedule. Point values for each of the 15 levels are as follows:  A complete list of all individual occupations, classified by the MOG to which they belong, is contained in Appendix B. In step three, certain other job characteristics of the chosen worker were identified. First, the worker was identified as holding either a full-time or part-time job, based on the establishment’s definition of those terms. Then the worker was classified as having a time versus incentive job, depending on whether any part of pay was directly based on the actual production of the workers, rather than solely on hours worked. Finally, the worker was identified as being in a union job if: 1) a labor organization was recognized as the bargaining agent for all workers in the occupation; 2) wage and salary rates were de-  Level 30  Range of Generic Level Points  Low 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15  190 255 455 655 855 1105 1355 1605 1855 2105 2355 2755 3155 3605 4055 and up  The following forms of payments were not considered part of straight-time earnings:  High  •  254 454 654 854 1104 1354 1604 1854 2104 2354 2754 3154 3604 4054  • • • • •  To calculate earnings per hour worked, data on work schedules were also collected. For hourly workers, scheduled hours worked per week were recorded. Because salaried workers often work beyond the assigned work schedule, their typical number of hours actually worked was collected.  Wage data collected using the new generic leveling method were evaluated by BLS researchers using regression techniques. For each of the major occupational groups, wages were compared to the 10 generic level factors (and levels within those factors). The analysis showed that several of the generic level factors, most notably knowledge and supervisory controls, had strong explanatory power for wages. That is, as the levels within a given factor increased, the wages also increased. Detailed research continues in this area. The results of this research will be published by BLS in the future.  Definition of terms Full-time worker. Any employee that the employer considers to be full time. Incentive worker. Any employee whose earnings are tied, at least in part, to commissions, piece rates, production bonuses, or other incentives based on production or sales.  Reference period The survey was collected between February 5th and March 29th, 1996. For each establishment in the survey, the data reflect the establishment’s practices on the day of collection.  Level. A ranking of an occupation, based on the requirements of the position. (See the description in the technical note and the example for more details on the leveling process.)  Earnings Earnings were defined as regular payments from the employer to the employee as compensation for straighttime hourly work, or for any salaried work performed. The following components were included as part of earnings: • • • • • •  Shift differentials, defined as extra payment for working a schedule that varies from the norm, such as night or weekend work, Premium pay for overtime, holidays, and weekends, Bonuses not directly tied to production (e.g., Christmas bonuses, profit-sharing bonuses), Uniform and tool allowances, Free room and board, and Payments made by third parties (e.g., bonuses given by manufacturers to department store salespeople, referral incentives in real estate).  Nonunion worker. An employee in an occupation not meeting the conditions for union coverage (see below). Part-time worker. Any employee that the employer considers to be part-time. Straight-time. Time worked when the employee is getting the standard rate of pay for the job.  Incentive pay, including commissions, production bonuses, and piece rates, Cost-of-living allowances, Hazard pay, Payments of income deferred due to participation in a salary reduction plan, Deadhead pay, defined as pay given to transportation workers returning in a vehicle without freight or passengers, and On-call pay.  Time-based worker. Any employee whose earnings are tied to an hourly rate or salary, and not to a specific level of production. Union worker. Any employee is in a union occupation when all of the following conditions are met: •  31  A labor organization is recognized as the bargaining agent for all workers in the occupation.  • •  ments to obtain the data series contained in the tables in the bulletin. Not all series that were calculated met the criteria for publication. Before any series was published, it was reviewed to make sure that the number of observations underlying it were sufficient. This review prevented publishing a series that could have revealed information about a specific establishment.  Wage and salary rates are determined through collective bargaining or negotiations. Settlement terms, which must include earnings provisions and may include benefit provisions, are embodied in a signed mutually binding collective bargaining agreement. Processing and Analyzing the Data  Once the data were collected, they were processed and analyzed at the Bureau’s National office.  Data reliability The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey, sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample and not from an entire population. The sample used for this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. Appendix Table 2 contains RSE data for selected series in this bulletin. The standard error can be used to calculate a “confidence interval” around a sample estimate. For example, table 2 shows that mean hourly earnings for all workers was $12.84. Appendix Table 2 shows a standard error of 2.8 percent for this estimate. Thus, at the 95percent level, the confidence interval for this estimate is $12.12 to $13.56 ($12.84 plus and minus 2 times 2.8 percent). If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. Nonsampling errors also affect survey results. They can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information for some establishments, difficulties with survey definitions, inability of the respondents to provide correct information, or mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained. A Technical Reinterview Program tested in Albuquerque will be used in the development of a formal quality assessment process to help compute nonsampling error. Although they were not specifically measured, the nonsampling errors were expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive training of the field economists who gathered the survey data by personal visit, computer edits of the data, and detailed data review.  Weighting and nonresponse Sample weights were calculated for each establishment/occupation in the survey. These weights reflected the relative size of the occupation within the establishment and of the establishment within the sample universe. Weights were used to aggregate the individual establishment/occupations into the various data series. Of the establishments surveyed, 9.7 percent refused to supply information. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights of responding sample members in the same or similar “cells” were adjusted to account for the missing data.2 This technique assumes that the mean value of the nonrespondents equals the mean value of the respondents at some detailed “cell” level. Responding and nonresponding establishments were classified into these cells according to industry and employment size. Responding and nonresponding occupations within responding establishments were classified into cells which were additionally defined by major occupation group and job level. Establishments which were determined to be out of business or outside the scope of the survey (3.7 percent of the total sample) had their weights changed to zero. If only partial data were given by a sample establishment or occupation, or data were missing, the response was not used. Estimation Weights, adjusted for nonresponse, were multiplied by the wage rate of each establishment/occupation, which itself was the average wage of all workers in the occupation. The resulting products were aggregated and then divided by the sum of the weighted occupational employ2  Due to insufficient data, weights for nonresponding occupations in the following major occupational group/work level categories could not be fully adjusted: Technical occupations level 7, executive, administrative, and managerial occupations level 5; and transportation and material moving occupations level 4. Because of this, worker counts for these categories may be slightly underestimated.  32  Table A1. Number of establishments studied by industry group and employment size, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 100 workers or more Industry  All industries ......................................................... Private industry ............................................... Goods-producing industries ...................... Manufacturing ..................................... Construction ....................................... Service-producing industries .................... Tranportation and public utilities ......... Wholesale and retail trade .................. Finance, insurance and real estate .... Services .............................................. State and local government ............................  All establishments  287 255 55 32 23 200 14 82 16 88 32  NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported. Overall industry and industry groups may include data for categories not shown  1 - 99 workers  166 157 32 15 17 125 5 58 11 51 9 separately.  33  Total  121 98 23 17 6 75 9 24 5 37 23  100 - 499 workers 86 74 16 10 6 58 5 22 2 29 12  500 workers or more 35 24 7 7 – 17 4 2 3 8 11  Work Table A1. Number of establishments studied by industry group and employment size, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Publication criteria not applied 100 workers or more Industry  All industries ......................................................... Private industry ............................................... Goods-producing industries ...................... Manufacturing ..................................... Construction ....................................... Service-producing industries .................... Tranportation and public utilities ......... Wholesale and retail trade .................. Finance, insurance and real estate .... Services .............................................. State and local government ............................  All establishments  287 255 55 32 23 200 14 82 16 88 32  NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported. Overall industry and industry groups may include data for categories not shown  1 - 99 workers  166 157 32 15 17 125 5 58 11 51 9 separately.  34  Total  121 98 23 17 6 75 9 24 5 37 23  100 - 499 workers 86 74 16 10 6 58 5 22 2 29 12  500 workers or more 35 24 7 7 – 17 4 2 3 8 11  Table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, all workers2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Occupation3  All industries  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales .............................. White-collar occupations .................................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ............................................ Professional specialty occupations ........... Electrical and electronic engineers ....... Computer systems analysts and scientists ......................................... Registered nurses ................................ Technical occupations .............................. Health technologists and technicians, N.E.C. ............................................. Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............................................ Managers and administrators, N.E.C. .. Accountants and auditors ..................... Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists ....................................... Management related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. Sales occupations ........................................ Supervisors, sales occupations ............ Sales workers, other commodities ........ Cashiers ............................................... Administrative support including clerical occupations ............................................ Secretaries ........................................... Receptionists ........................................ Order clerks .......................................... Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks .............................................. Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators ................................... Investigators and adjusters except insurance ........................................ General office clerks ............................. Administrative support occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. White-collar occupations excluding sales ..... Blue-collar occupations .................................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ............................................ Automobile mechanics ......................... Electricians ........................................... Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ............................................... Miscellaneous machine operators, N.E.C. ............................................. Transportation and material moving occupations ............................................ Truck drivers ......................................... Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators ........................................ Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................................................... Helpers, construction trades ................. Construction laborers ........................... Stock handlers and baggers ................. Laborers except construction, N.E.C. ... Service occupations ......................................... Guards and police except public service ............................................ Waiters and waitresses ........................ Cooks ................................................... Kitchen workers, food preparation ........ See footnotes at end of table.  34  Private industry  State and local government  2.8% 2.9 3.2  3.2% 3.3 3.7  5.4% 5.4 5.5  3.7 4.4 8.5  4.6 5.7 8.5  5.7 6.0 –  4.4 4.6 3.8  4.5 3.5 3.9  – – –  7.9  –  –  5.8 10.0 11.2  6.4 8.7 12.2  14.0 – –  6.2  –  –  16.4 9.6 11.6 32.7 4.4  12.5 9.7 11.6 32.7 4.4  – – – – –  4.8 5.9 5.0 9.0  5.6 6.5 5.0 9.0  2.7 – – –  5.4  5.9  –  37.1  –  –  4.0 3.4  4.0 4.7  – –  9.1 3.3 3.6  10.2 3.9 3.8  – 5.5 3.9  4.1 6.8 7.6  4.4 7.9 7.6  5.1 – –  4.4  4.4  –  5.4  5.5  –  9.4 9.6  9.8 9.6  4.2 –  6.5  –  –  3.3 – 6.0 7.2 7.3 3.4  3.5 – 6.4 7.2 7.4 4.1  – – – – – 3.6  6.4 9.7 6.7 8.2  – 9.7 4.7 8.2  – – – –  Table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, all workers2, Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Occupation3  All industries  Food preparation occupations, N.E.C. Nursing aides, orderlies and attendants Maids and housemen ........................... Janitors and cleaners ........................... Service occupations, N.E.C. .................  4.9% 6.9 6.5 5.4 7.5  1 The relative standard error is the standard error expressed as a percent of the estimate. 2 All workers include full-time and part-time workers. Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual  Private industry  5.0% 7.3 6.1 7.1 –  State and local government – – – – –  occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. See the technical note for a complete listing of occupations. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  35  Work table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time and part-time workers,2 Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 Publication criteria not applied Occupation3  All industries  All workers ............................................................ All workers excluding sales .............................. White-collar occupations .................................. Professional specialty and technical occupations ............................................ Professional specialty occupations ........... Architects .............................................. Aerospace engineers ............................ Nuclear engineers ................................ Civil engineers ...................................... Electrical and electronic engineers ....... Industrial engineers .............................. Mechanical engineers ........................... Engineers, N.E.C. ................................. Computer systems analysts and scientists ......................................... Operations and systems researchers and analysts ................................... Physical scientists, N.E.C. .................... Agricultural and food scientists ............. Physicians ............................................ Optometrists ......................................... Registered nurses ................................ Pharmacists .......................................... Occupational therapists ........................ Physical therapists ................................ Therapists, N.E.C. ................................ History teachers .................................... Political science teachers ..................... Health specialities teachers .................. English teachers ................................... Prekindergarten and kindergarten ........ Elementary school teachers ................. Secondary school teachers .................. Teachers, special education ................. Teachers, N.E.C. .................................. Vocational and educational counselors Librarians .............................................. Sociologists .......................................... Social workers ...................................... Recreation workers ............................... Religious workers, N.E.C. ..................... Lawyers ................................................ Technical writers ................................... Designers ............................................. Painters, sculptors, craft artists, and artist print-makers ........................... Dancers ................................................ Editors and reporters ............................ Public relations specialists .................... Technical occupations .............................. Clinical laboratory technologists and technicians ...................................... Dental hygienists .................................. Health record technologists and technicians ...................................... Radiological technicians ....................... Licensed practical nurses ..................... Health technologists and technicians, N.E.C. ............................................. Electrical and electronic technicians ..... Industrial engineering technicians ........ Mechanical engineering technicians ..... Engineering technicians, N.E.C. ........... Drafters ................................................. Surveying and mapping technicians ..... Airplane pilots and navigators ..............  2.8% 2.9 3.2  See footnotes at end of table.  36  Private industry  State and local government  3.2% 3.3 3.7  5.4% 5.4 5.5  3.7 4.4 0.0 0.0 0.0 10.0 8.5 6.9 0.0 3.9  4.6 5.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 8.5 6.9 0.0 3.9  5.7 6.0 – – – 0.0 – – – –  4.4  4.5  0.0  8.0 6.9 0.0 9.7 0.0 4.6 1.5 0.0 1.7 4.1 0.0 23.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 4.0 0.9 13.4 8.6 9.5 0.0 4.1 4.9 0.0 8.3 0.0 5.2  9.2 0.0 – 9.7 0.0 3.5 1.5 0.0 0.0 4.1 0.0 – 0.0 0.0 – – – – 18.0 0.0 5.6 0.0 10.1 – 0.0 10.8 0.0 5.2  0.0 6.2 0.0 – – 9.6 – – 0.0 – – 23.0 – – 0.0 1.7 4.0 0.9 18.6 1.1 8.7 – 2.9 4.9 – 0.0 – –  0.0 0.0 18.4 6.1 3.8  0.0 0.0 18.4 6.1 3.9  – – – – 13.2  15.1 6.1  12.8 6.1  15.6 –  6.5 5.9 3.3  6.5 5.9 3.3  – – –  7.9 4.7 0.0 0.0 3.0 16.8 0.0 0.0  11.3 4.7 – 0.0 2.8 17.4 0.0 0.0  6.2 0.0 0.0 – 7.5 0.0 – –  Work table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time and part-time workers,2 Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Publication criteria not applied Occupation3  All industries  Air traffic controllers .............................. Broadcast equipment operators ........... Computer programmers ....................... Legal assistants .................................... Technical and related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. Executive, administrative, and managerial occupations ............................................ Administrators and officials, public administration ................................. Financial managers .............................. Personnel and labor relations managers ........................................ Purchasing managers ........................... Managers., marketing, advertising and public relations ................................ Administrators, education and related fields ............................................... Managers, medicine and health ........... Managers, food servicing and lodging establishments ................................ Managers, service organizations, N.E.C. ............................................. Managers and administrators, N.E.C. .. Accountants and auditors ..................... Underwriters ......................................... Other financial officers .......................... Management analysts .......................... Personnel, training, and labor relations specialists ....................................... Buyers, wholesale and retail trade, except farm products ...................... Purchasing agents and buyers, N.E.C. Business and promotional agents ........ Construction inspectors ........................ Inspectors and compliance officers, except construction ......................... Management related occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. Sales occupations ........................................ Supervisors, sales occupations ............ Insurance sales occupations ................ Real estate sales occupations .............. Securities and financial services sales occupations .................................... Sales occupations, other business services .......................................... Sales engineers .................................... Sales representatives, mining, manufacturing, and wholesale ........ Sales workers, motor vehicles and boats ............................................... Sales workers, apparel ......................... Sales workers, radio, tv, hi-fi, & appliances ...................................... Sales workers, hardware and building supplies .......................................... Sales workers, parts ............................. Sales workers, other commodities ........ Sales counter clerks ............................. Cashiers ............................................... Street and door to door sales workers .. Demonstrators, promoters, and models, sales .................................. Sales support occupations, N.E.C. ....... Administrative support including clerical occupations ............................................  0.0% 0.0 5.1 2.7  See footnotes at end of table.  37  Private industry  State and local government  0.0% 0.0 3.8 2.3  – – 0.0% 0.0  10.5  9.9  0.0  5.8  6.4  14.0  2.0 12.4  0.0 12.9  0.6 0.0  12.0 0.0  12.8 0.0  0.0 –  21.3  21.3  –  7.7 11.5  27.8 12.5  7.9 0.0  2.3  2.3  –  6.8 10.0 11.2 0.0 9.4 9.9  7.7 8.7 12.2 0.0 0.6 5.6  18.4 19.0 7.9 – 3.0 10.8  6.2  6.4  14.4  3.1 8.3 5.8 9.9  3.1 0.0 5.8 –  – 2.3 – 9.9  27.2  0.0  0.0  16.4 9.6 11.6 0.0 8.8  12.5 9.7 11.6 0.0 7.4  8.8 0.0 – – 0.0  16.5  16.5  –  19.5 0.0  19.5 0.0  – –  5.4  5.4  –  9.6 6.2  9.6 6.2  – –  36.1  36.1  –  21.5 13.6 32.7 7.2 4.4 5.9  21.5 13.6 32.7 7.2 4.4 5.9  – – – – – –  5.9 9.7  5.9 9.7  – –  4.8  5.6  2.7  Work table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time and part-time workers,2 Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Publication criteria not applied Occupation3  All industries  Supervisors, general office ................... Supervisors, computer equipment operators ........................................ Supervisors, financial records processing ...................................... Supervisors, distribution, scheduling, and adjusting clerks ........................ Computer operators .............................. Peripheral equipment operators ........... Secretaries ........................................... Typists .................................................. Interviewers .......................................... Hotel clerks ........................................... Transportation ticket and reservation agents ............................................. Receptionists ........................................ Information clerks, N.E.C. ..................... Correspondence clerks ......................... Order clerks .......................................... Personnel clerks except payroll & timekeeping .................................... Library clerks ........................................ File clerks ............................................. Records clerks, N.E.C. ......................... Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks .............................................. Payroll and timekeeping clerks ............. Billing clerks .......................................... Cost and rate clerks .............................. Billing, posting, & calculating machine operators ........................................ Duplicating machine operators ............. Telephone operators ............................ Communications equipment operators, N.E.C. ............................................. Mail clerks except postal service .......... Messengers .......................................... Dispatchers ........................................... Traffic, shipping and receiving clerks ... Stock and inventory clerks .................... Meter readers ....................................... Insurance adjusters, examiners, and investigators ................................... Investigators and adjusters except insurance ........................................ Eligibility clerks, social welfare ............. Bill and account collectors .................... General office clerks ............................. Bank tellers ........................................... Data entry keyers ................................. Statistical clerks .................................... Teachers’ aides .................................... Administrative support occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. White-collar occupations excluding sales ..... Blue-collar occupations .................................... Precision production, craft, and repair occupations ............................................ Supervisors, mechanics and repairers Automobile mechanics ......................... Bus, truck, and stationary engine mechanics ...................................... Small engine repairs ............................. Automobile body and related repairers Heavy equipment mechanics ............... Industrial machinery repairers .............. Machinery maintenance occupations ... See footnotes at end of table.  38  Private industry  State and local government  9.7%  9.7%  –  0.0  0.0  –  8.0  8.0  –  11.5 14.5 0.0 5.9 6.7 0.0 4.5  11.5 14.5 0.0 6.5 6.7 0.0 4.5  – – – 4.6% – – –  12.9 5.0 2.0 0.0 9.0  12.9 5.0 1.9 0.0 9.0  – – 0.5 – –  13.8 1.0 8.1 3.6  1.8 – 8.1 4.3  0.0 1.0 – 0.7  5.4 3.9 0.6 4.6  5.9 3.9 0.6 4.6  3.9 – – –  0.0 15.8 10.6  0.0 15.8 10.6  – – –  0.0 3.3 7.3 4.5 5.3 7.6 0.0  0.0 3.3 7.3 4.8 6.1 9.6 0.0  – – – 2.8 4.0 1.5 –  37.1  38.3  0.0  4.0 7.5 9.1 3.4 5.3 7.8 0.0 11.1  4.0 0.5 9.1 4.7 5.3 8.4 0.0 –  – 7.6 – 1.7 – 0.0 – 11.1  9.1 3.3 3.6  10.2 3.9 3.8  0.7 5.5 3.9  4.1 16.2 6.8  4.4 16.7 7.9  5.1 1.1 6.0  11.8 1.2 0.0 6.2 5.4 2.1  11.8 0.0 0.0 6.2 5.4 2.1  – 4.7 – – – –  Work table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time and part-time workers,2 Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Publication criteria not applied Occupation3  All industries  Electronic repairers, communications and industrial equipment ................ Data processing equipment repairers ... Household appliance and power tool repairers ......................................... Telephone installers and repairers ....... Heating, air conditioning, and refrigeration mechanics .................. Office machine repairers ...................... Mechanical controls and valve repairers ......................................... Mechanics and repairers, N.E.C. .......... Supervisors, carpenters and related workers ........................................... Supervisors, electricians and power transmission installers .................... Supervisors, painters, paperhangers and plasterers ................................. Supervisors, plumbers, pipefitters, and steamfitters ..................................... Supervisors, construction trades, N.E.C. ............................................. Carpet installers .................................... Carpenters ............................................ Carpenter apprentices .......................... Drywall installers ................................... Electricians ........................................... Electrician apprentices ......................... Electrical power installers and repairers Painters, construction and maintenance ................................... Plasterers ............................................. Plumbers, pipefitters and steamfitters .. Plumbers, pipefitters and steamfitters apprentices ..................................... Concrete and terrazzo finishers ............ Roofers ................................................. Construction trades, N.E.C. .................. Supervisors, production occupations .... Tool and dye makers ............................ Machinists ............................................. Machinist apprentices ........................... Precision stones and metals workers ... Sheet metal workers ............................. Sheet metal worker apprentices ........... Tailors ................................................... Optical goods workers .......................... Electrical and electronic equipment assemblers ..................................... Butchers and meat cutters .................... Bakers .................................................. Inspectors, testers, and graders ........... Water and sewer treatment plant operators ........................................ Miscellaneous plant and system operators, N.E.C. ............................ Machine operators, assemblers, and inspectors ............................................... Grinding, abrading, buffing, and polishing machine operators ........... Fabricating machine operators, N.E.C. Molding and casting machine operators Printing press operators ....................... Typesetters and compositors ............... Textile sewing machine operators ........ Pressing machine operators .................  5.5% 0.0  See footnotes at end of table.  39  Private industry  5.6% 0.0  State and local government  0.0% –  0.0 28.9  0.0 28.9  – –  0.0 0.0  0.0 0.0  – –  0.0 21.4  0.0 21.4  – –  11.5  11.5  –  2.8  2.8  –  0.0  0.0  –  0.0  0.0  –  7.0 0.0 7.4 0.0 21.6 7.6 8.1 0.0  7.0 0.0 7.4 0.0 21.6 7.6 8.1 0.0  15.8 – – – – – – –  14.0 0.0 4.4  14.0 0.0 6.9  – – 0.0  10.7 10.8 0.0 15.0 15.1 0.0 2.2 2.2 21.1 8.5 0.0 0.0 4.9  10.7 10.8 0.0 0.0 15.1 0.0 2.2 2.2 21.1 8.5 0.0 0.0 4.9  – – – 18.0 – – – – – – – – –  4.5 7.7 12.2 9.0  4.5 7.7 12.2 8.9  – – – 11.9  6.1  –  6.1  2.9  –  2.9  4.4  4.4  0.0  0.0 8.7 13.4 5.7 0.0 10.6 7.4  0.0 8.7 13.4 5.7 0.0 10.6 7.4  – – – – – – –  Work table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time and part-time workers,2 Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Publication criteria not applied Occupation3  All industries  Laundering and dry cleaning machine operators ........................................ Packaging and filling machine operators ........................................ Extruding and forming machine operators ........................................ Mixing and blending machine operators Miscellaneous machine operators, N.E.C. ............................................. Welders and cutters .............................. Assemblers ........................................... Hand painting, coating, and decorating occupations .................................... Miscellaneous hand working occupations, N.E.C. ........................ Production inspectors, checkers and examiners ....................................... Production testers ................................. Graders and sorters except agricultural Transportation and material moving occupations ............................................ Supervisors, motor vehicle operators ... Truck drivers ......................................... Driver-sales workers ............................. Bus drivers ............................................ Taxicab drivers and chauffeurs ............ Parking lot attendants ........................... Motor transportation occupations, N.E.C. ............................................. Supervisors, material moving equipment ....................................... Operating engineers ............................. Crane and tower operators ................... Excavating and loading machine operators ........................................ Grader, dozer, and scrapper operators Industrial truck and tractor equipment operators ........................................ Miscellaneous material moving equipment operators, N.E.C. .......... Handlers, equipment cleaners, helpers, and laborers ................................................... Nursery workers ................................... Supervisors, agriculture-related workers ........................................... Groundskeepers and gardeners except farm ................................................ Animal caretakers except farm ............. Supervisors, handlers, equipment cleaners, and laborers, N.E.C. ....... Helpers, mechanics and repairers ........ Helpers, construction trades ................. Helpers, surveyors ................................ Construction laborers ........................... Stock handlers and baggers ................. Machine feeders and offbearers ........... Freight, stock, and material handlers, N.E.C. ............................................. Garage and service station related occupations .................................... Vehicle washers and equipment cleaners .......................................... Hand packers and packagers ............... Laborers except construction, N.E.C. ... Service occupations ......................................... Supervisors, firefighters and fire prevention occupations ................... See footnotes at end of table.  40  Private industry  State and local government  9.9%  9.9%  –  0.0  0.0  –  0.0 8.1  0.0 8.1  – –  5.4 0.0 6.6  5.5 0.0 6.6  0.0  0.0  –  15.7  15.7  –  16.4 0.0 5.8  16.4 0.0 5.8  – – –  9.4 0.0 9.6 25.9 11.7 0.0 0.0  9.8 0.0 9.6 25.9 0.0 0.0 –  4.2 – 6.4 – 5.0 – 0.0  11.6  11.6  –  13.7 1.2 3.6  13.5 0.0 3.6  0.0 0.0 –  0.0 0.0  0.0 –  – 0.0  6.5  6.7  0.0  4.4  0.0  0.0  3.3 0.0  3.5 0.0  4.9 –  0.0  –  0.0  7.9 5.6  13.0 –  5.5 5.6  0.0 0.4 2.5 4.9 6.0 7.2 0.0  0.0 0.4 2.8 4.9 6.4 7.2 0.0  – – 8.6 – 12.9 – –  7.0  7.0  –  15.7  15.7  –  13.4 9.3 7.3 3.4  13.4 9.3 7.4 4.1  – – 0.0 3.6  3.1  –  3.1  0.0% – –  Work table A2. Relative standard errors of mean hourly earnings1 for selected occupations, full-time and part-time workers,2 Albuquerque, NM, February-March 1996 — Continued Publication criteria not applied Occupation3  All industries  Private industry  2.1% 13.5  – 13.5%  Supervisors, police and detectives ....... Supervisors, guards .............................. Fire inspection and fire prevention occupations .................................... Firefighting occupations ........................ Police and detectives, public service .... Correctional institution officers ............. Crossing guards ................................... Guards and police except public service ............................................ Protective service occupations, N.E.C. Supervisors, food preparation and service occupations ........................ Bartenders ............................................ Waiters and waitresses ........................ Cooks ................................................... Food counter, fountain, and related occupations .................................... Kitchen workers, food preparation ........ Waiters/waitresses’ assistants .............. Food preparation occupations, N.E.C. Dental assistants .................................. Health aides except nursing ................. Nursing aides, orderlies and attendants Supervisors, cleaning & building service workers ............................... Maids and housemen ........................... Janitors and cleaners ........................... Supervisors, personal service occupations .................................... Hairdressers and cosmetologists ......... Attendants, amusement and recreation facilities ........................................... Baggage porters and bellhops .............. Welfare service aides ........................... Early childhood teachers’ assistants .... Child care workers, N.E.C. ................... Service occupations, N.E.C. ................. 1 The relative standard error is the standard error expressed as a percent of the estimate. 2 All workers include full-time and part-time workers. Employees are classified as working either a full-time or a part-time schedule based on the definition used by each establishment. Therefore, a worker with a 35-hour-per-week schedule might be considered a full-time employee in one establishment, but classified as part-time in another firm, where a 40-hour week is the minimum full-time schedule. 3 A classification system including about 450 individual  State and local government 2.1% –  0.0 2.4 4.2 4.1 14.7  – – – – –  0.0 2.4 4.2 4.1 14.7  6.4 8.8  6.6 0.0  0.0 1.7  8.2 12.1 9.7 6.7  8.2 12.1 9.7 4.7  – – – 0.5  2.4 8.2 4.5 4.9 7.3 2.9 6.9  2.4 8.2 4.5 5.0 7.3 6.0 7.3  – – – 1.6 – 0.0 0.0  4.7 6.5 5.4  4.7 6.1 7.1  – 0.0 4.4  47.7 6.9  47.7 6.9  – –  3.9 0.0 1.4 6.1 4.6 7.5  0.0 0.0 1.4 0.0 5.0 9.0  0.0 – – 3.1 0.0 7.1  occupations is used to cover all workers in the civilian economy. Individual occupations are classified into one of nine major occupational groups. See the technical note for a complete listing of occupations. NOTE: Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation and occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately. N.E.C. means "not elsewhere classified." Because of rounding, sums of individual items may not equal totals.  41  Appendix B. Occupational Classifications  NOTE: N.E.C. in an occupation title means Not Elsewhere Classified.  A075 A076 A077 A078 A079 A083  Major occupational group A: PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS  Geologists and Geodesists Physical Scientists N.E.C. Agricultural and Food Scientists Biological and Life Scientists Forestry and Conservation Scientists Medical Scientists  ENGINEERS, ARCHITECTS, AND SURVEYORS HEALTH DIAGNOSING OCCUPATIONS A043 A044 A045 A046 A047 A048 A049 A053 A054 A055 A056 A057 A058 A059 A063  Architects Aerospace Engineers Metallurgical and Materials Engineers Mining Engineers Petroleum Engineers Chemical Engineers Nuclear Engineers Civil Engineers Agricultural Engineers Electrical and Electronic Engineers Industrial Engineers Mechanical Engineers Marine Engineers and Naval Architects Engineers, N.E.C. Surveyors and Mapping Scientists  A084 A085 A086 A087 A088 A089  Physicians Dentists Veterinarians Optometrists Podiatrists Health Diagnosing Practitioners, N.E.C.  HEALTH ASSESSMENT AND TREATING OCCUPATIONS A095 A096 A097 A098 A099 A103 A104 A105 A106  MATHEMATICAL AND COMPUTER SCIENTISTS A064 Computer Systems Analysts and Scientists A065 Operations and Systems Researchers and Analysts A066 Actuaries A067 Statisticians A068 Mathematical Scientists N.E.C.  Registered Nurses Pharmacists Dietitians Respiratory Therapists Occupational Therapists Physical Therapists Speech Therapists Therapists, N.E.C. Physicians' Assistants  TEACHERS A113-154 Teachers, College and University A155 Prekindergarten and Kindergarten Teachers A156 Elementary School Teachers A157 Secondary School Teachers A158 Teachers, Special Education A159 Teachers, N.E.C.  NATURAL SCIENTISTS A069 Physicists and Astronomers A073 Chemists, Except Biochemists A074 Atmospheric and Space Scientists 35  A205 Health Record Technologists and Technicians A206 Radiologic Technicians A207 Licensed Practical Nurses A208 Health Technologists and Technicians, N.E.C.  A163 Vocational and Educational Counselors LIBRARIANS, ARCHIVISTS AND CURATORS A164 Librarians A165 Archivists and Curators SOCIAL SCIENTISTS AND URBAN PLANNERS A166 A167 A168 A169 A173  ENGINEERING AND RELATED TECHNOLOGISTS AND TECHNICIANS  Economists Psychologists Sociologists Social Scientists, N.E.C. Urban Planners  A213 A214 A215 A216 A217 A218  SOCIAL, RECREATION, AND RELIGIOUS WORKERS A174 A175 A176 A177  Electrical and Electronic Technicians Industrial Engineering Technicians Mechanical Engineering Technicians Engineering Technicians, N.E.C. Drafters Surveying and Mapping Technicians  SCIENCE TECHNICIANS  Social Workers Recreation Workers Clergy Religious Workers, N.E.C.  A223 Biological Technicians A224 Chemical Technicians A225 Science Technicians, N.E.C.  LAWYERS AND JUDGES MISCELLANEOUS TECHNICIANS A178 Lawyers A179 Judges  A226 A227 A228 A229 A233 A234 A235  WRITERS, AUTHORS, ENTERTAINERS AND ATHLETES A183 A184 A185 A186 A187 A188 A189 A193 A194 A195 A197 A198 A199 A999  Authors Technical Writers Designers Musicians and Composers Actors and Directors Painters, Sculptors, Craft-Artists, and Artist Print-Makers Photographers Dancers Artists, Performers, and Related Workers, N.E.C. Editors and Reporters Public Relations Specialists Announcers Athletes Professional Occupations, N.E.C.  Airplane Pilots and Navigators Air Traffic Controllers Broadcast Equipment Operators Computer Programmers Tool Programmers, Numerical Control Legal Assistants Technical and Related Occupations, N.E.C.  Major occupational group B: EXECUTIVE, ADMINISTRATIVE, AND MANAGERIAL OCCUPATIONS B003 Legislators B004 Chief Executives and General Administrators, Public Administration B005 Administrators and Officials, Public Administration B007 Financial Managers B008 Personnel and Labor Relations Managers B009 Purchasing Managers B013 Managers; Marketing, Advertising and Public Relations B014 Administrators, Education and Related Fields B015 Managers, Medicine and Health B016 Postmasters and Mail Superintendents B017 Managers, Food Serving and Lodging Establishments B018 Managers, Properties and Real Estate B019 Funeral Directors B021 Managers, Service Organizations, N.E.C. B022 Managers and Administrators, N.E.C.  TECHNICAL AND RELATED OCCUPATIONS HEALTH TECHNOLOGISTS AND TECHNICIANS A203 Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians A204 Dental Hygienists  36  C276 Cashiers C277 Street and Door-To-Door Sales Workers C278 News Vendors  MANAGEMENT RELATED OCCUPATIONS B023 B024 B025 B026 B027 B028 B029 B033 B034 B035 B036 B037  Accountants and Auditors Underwriters Other Financial Officers Management Analysts Personnel, Training, and Labor Relations Specialists Purchasing Agents and Buyers, Farm Products Buyers, Wholesale and Retail Trade, Except Farm Products Purchasing Agents and Buyers, N.E.C. Business and Promotion Agents Construction Inspectors Inspectors and Compliance Officers, Except Construction Management Related Occupations, N.E.C.  SALES RELATED OCCUPATIONS C283 Demonstrators, Promoters, and Models, Sales C284 Auctioneers C285 Sales Support Occupations, N.E.C.  Major occupational group D: ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS, INCLUDING CLERICAL SUPERVISORS, CLERICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT D303 D304 D305 D306 D307  Major occupational group C: SALES OCCUPATIONS C243 Supervisors, Sales Occupations FINANCE AND BUSINESS SERVICES, SALES REPRESENTATIVES  COMPUTER EQUIPMENT OPERATORS D308 Computer Operators D309 Peripheral Equipment Operators  C253 Insurance Sales Occupations C254 Real Estate Sales Occupations C255 Securities and Financial Services Sales Occupations C256 Advertising and Related Sales Occupations C257 Sales Occupations, Other Business Services  SECRETARIES, STENOGRAPHERS, AND TYPISTS D313 Secretaries D314 Stenographers D315 Typists  SALES REPRESENTATIVES, COMMODITIES EXCEPT RETAIL  INFORMATION CLERKS  C258 Sales Engineers C259 Sales Representatives; Mining, Manufacturing, and Wholesale  D316 D317 D318 D319 D323  RETAIL AND PERSONAL SERVICES SALES WORKERS C263 C264 C265 C266 C267 C268 C269 C274 C275  Supervisors, General Office Supervisors, Computer Equipment Operators Supervisors, Financial Records Processing Chief Communications Operators Supervisors, Distribution, Scheduling, and Adjusting Clerks  Sales Workers, Motor Vehicles and Boats Sales Workers, Apparel Sales Workers, Shoes Sales Workers, Furniture and Home Furnishings Sales Workers, Radio, TV, Hi-Fi, and Appliances Sales Workers, Hardware and Building Supplies Sales Workers, Parts Sales Workers, Other Commodities Sales Counter Clerks  Interviewers Hotel Clerks Transportation Ticket and Reservation Agents Receptionists Information Clerks, N.E.C.  RECORDS PROCESSING CLERKS, EXCEPT FINANCIAL D325 D326 D327 D328  Classified-Ad Clerks Correspondence Clerks Order Clerks Personnel Clerks, Except Payroll and Timekeeping D329 Library Clerks D335 File Clerks  37  D378 Bill and Account Collectors  D336 Records Clerks, N.E.C. FINANCIAL RECORDS PROCESSING CLERKS D337 Clerks D338 D339 D343 D344  MISCELLANEOUS ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT OCCUPATIONS D379 General Office Clerks D383 Bank Tellers D384 Proofreaders D385 Data Entry Keyers D386 Statistical Clerks D387 Teachers' Aides D389 Administrative Support Occupations, N.E.C.  Bookkeepers, Accounting and Auditing Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks Billing Clerks Cost and Rate Clerks Billing, Posting, and Calculating Machine Operators  DUPLICATING, MAIL, AND OTHER OFFICE MACHINE OPERATORS  Major occupational group E: PRECISION PRODUCTION, CRAFT, AND REPAIR OCCUPATIONS  D345 Duplicating Machine Operators D346 Mail Preparing and Paper Handling Machine Operators D347 Office Machine Operators, N.E.C.  MECHANICS AND REPAIRERS E503 E505 E506 E507 E508 E509 E514 E515 E516 E517 E518 E519 E523  COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT OPERATORS D348 Telephone Operators D353 Communications Equipment Operators, N.E.C. MAIL AND MESSAGE DISTRIBUTING OCCUPATIONS D354 D355 D356 D357  Postal Clerks, Except Mail Carriers Mail Carriers, Postal Service Mail Clerks, Except Postal Service Messengers  E525 E526  MATERIAL RECORDING, SCHEDULING, AND DISTRIBUTING CLERKS D359 D363 D364 D365 D366 D368 plers D373 D374  E527 E529 E534  Dispatchers Production Coordinators Traffic, Shipping, and Receiving Clerks Stock and Inventory Clerks Meter Readers Weighers, Measurers, Checkers, and Sam-  E535 E536 E538 E539 E543 E544 E547  Expeditors Material Recording, Scheduling, and Distributing Clerks, N.E.C.  Supervisors; Mechanics and Repairers Automobile Mechanics Automobile Mechanic Apprentices Bus, Truck, and Stationary Engine Mechanics Aircraft Engine Mechanics Small Engine Repairers Automobile Body and Related Repairers Aircraft Mechanics, Except Engine Heavy Equipment Mechanic Farm Equipment Mechanics Industrial Machinery Repairers Machinery Maintenance Occupations Electronic Repairers, Communications and Industrial Equipment Data Processing Equipment Repairers Household Appliance and Power Tool Repairers Telephone Line Installers and Repairers Telephone Installers and Repairers Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics Camera, Watch, and Musical Instrument Repairers Locksmiths and Safe Repairers Office Machine Repairers Mechanical Controls and Valve Repairers Elevator Installers and Repairers Millwrights Mechanics and Repairers, N.E.C.  SUPERVISORS, CONSTRUCTION TRADES  ADJUSTERS AND INVESTIGATORS  E553 Supervisors; Brickmasons, Stonemasons, and Tilesetters  D375 Insurance Adjusters, Examiners, and Investigators D376 Investigators and Adjusters, Except Insurance D377 Eligibility Clerks, Social Welfare  E554 Supervisors; Carpenters and Related Workers  38  E643 Boilermakers E644 Precision Grinders, Filers, and Tool Sharpeners E645 Patternmakers and Modelmakers, Metal E646 Layout Workers E647 Precious Stones and Metals Workers E649 Engravers, Metal E653 Sheet Metal Workers E654 Sheet Metal Worker Apprentices PRECISION WOODWORKING OCCUPATIONS  E555 Supervisors; Electricians and Power Transmission Installers E556 Supervisors; Painters, Paperhangers, and Plasterers E557 Supervisors; Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters E558 Supervisors; Construction Trades, N.E.C. CONSTRUCTION TRADES OCCUPATIONS E563 Brickmasons and Stonemasons E564 Brickmason and Stonemason Apprentices E565 Tile Setters, Hard and Soft E566 Carpet Installers E567 Carpenters E569 Carpenter Apprentices E573 Drywall Installers E575 Electricians E576 Electrician Apprentices E577 Electrical Power Installers and Repairers E579 Painters, Construction and Maintenance E583 Paperhangers E584 Plasterers E585 Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters E587 Plumber, Pipefitter, and Steamfitter Apprentices E588 Concrete and Terrazzo Finishers E589 Glaziers E593 Insulation Workers E594 Paving, Surfacing, and Tamping Equipment Operators E595 Roofers E596 Sheetmetal Duct Installers E597 Structural Metal Workers E598 Drillers, Earth E599 Construction Trades, N.E.C.  E656 Patternmakers and Modelmakers, Wood E657 Cabinet Makers and Bench Carpenters E658 Furniture and Wood Finishers PRECISION TEXTILE, APPAREL, AND FURNISHINGS MACHINE WORKERS E666 E667 E668 E669  Dressmakers Tailors Upholsterers Shoe Repairers  PRECISION WORKERS, ASSORTED MATERIALS E675 E676 E677 E678  Hand Molders and Shapers, Except Jewelers Patternmakers, Layout Workers, and Cutters Optical Goods Workers Dental Laboratory and Medical Appliance Technicians E679 Bookbinders E683 Electrical and Electronic Equipment Assemblers E684 Miscellaneous Precision Workers, N.E.C. PRECISION FOOD PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS  EXTRACTIVE OCCUPATIONS E613 E614 E615 E616 E617  E685 Precision Food Production Occupations, N.E.C. E686 Butchers and Meat Cutters E687 Bakers E688 Food Batchmakers  Supervisors, Extractive Occupations Drillers, Oil Well Explosives Workers Mining Machine Operators Mining Occupations, N.E.C.  PRECISION INSPECTORS, TESTERS, AND RELATED WORKERS  PRECISION PRODUCTION OCCUPATIONS  E689 Inspectors, Testers, and Graders E690 Precision Inspectors, Testers, and Related Workers, N.E.C. E693 Adjusters and Calibrators  E628 Supervisors, Production Occupations PRECISION METAL WORKING OCCUPATIONS E634 Tool and Die Makers E635 Tool and Die Maker Apprentices  PLANT AND SYSTEM OPERATORS  E636 Precision Assemblers, Metal E637 Machinists E639 Machinist Apprentices  E694 Water and Sewage Treatment Plant Operators E695 Power Plant Operators E696 Stationary Engineers 39  F754 F755 F756 F757  Packaging and Filling Machine Operators Extruding and Forming Machine Operators Mixing and Blending Machine Operators Separating, Filtering, and Clarifying Machine Operators F758 Compressing and Compacting Machine Operators F759 Painting and Paint Spraying Machine Operators F763 Roasting and Baking Machine Operators, Food F764 Washing, Cleaning, and Pickling Machine Operators F765 Folding Machine Operators F766 Furnace, Kiln, and Oven Operators, Except Food F768 Crushing and Grinding Machine Operators F769 Slicing and Cutting Machine Operators F773 Motion Picture Projectionists F774 Photographic Process Machine Operators F777 Miscellaneous Machine Operators, N.E.C.  E699 Miscellaneous Plant and System Operators, N.E.C. Major occupational group F: MACHINE OPERATORS, ASSEMBLERS, AND INSPECTORS METALWORKING AND PLASTIC WORKING MACHINE OPERATORS F703 Lathe and Turning-Machine Set-Up Operators F704 Lathe and Turning-Machine Operators F705 Milling and Planing Machine Operators F706 Punching and Stamping Press Operators F707 Rolling Machine Operators F708 Drilling and Boring Machine Operators F709 Grinding, Abrading, Buffing, and Polishing Machine Operators F713 Forging Machine Operators F714 Numerical Control Machine Operators F717 Fabricating Machine Operators, N.E.C. F719 Molding and Casting Machine Operators F723 Metal Plating Machine Operators F724 Heat Treating Equipment Operators  FABRICATORS, ASSEMBLERS, AND HAND WORKING OCCUPATIONS  WOODWORKING MACHINE OPERATORS F783 F784 F785 F786 F787  Welders and Cutters Solderers and Braziers Assemblers Hand Cutting and Trimming Occupations Hand Molding, Casting, and Forming Occupations F789 Hand Painting, Coating, and Decorating Occupations F793 Hand Engraving and Printing Occupations F795 Miscellaneous Hand Working Occupations, N.E.C.  F726 Wood Lathe, Routing, and Planing Machine Operators F727 Sawing Machine Operators F728 Shaping and Joining Machine Operators F729 Nailing and Tacking Machine Operators PRINTING MACHINE OPERATORS F734 Printing Press Operators F735 Photoengravers and Lithographers F736 Typesetters and Compositors  PRODUCTION INSPECTORS, TESTERS, SAMPLERS, AND WEIGHERS  TEXTILE, APPAREL, AND FURNISHINGS MACHINE OPERATORS  F796 Production Inspectors, Checkers, and Examiners F797 Production Testers F798 Production Samplers and Weighers F799 Graders and Sorters, Except Agricultural F800 Hand Inspectors, N.E.C.  F738 Winding and Twisting Machine Operators F739 Knitting, Looping, Taping, and Weaving Machine Operators F743 Textile Cutting Machine Operators F744 Textile Sewing Machine Operators F745 Shoe Machine Operators  Major occupational group G: TRANSPORTATION AND MATERIAL MOVING OCCUPATIONS  F747 Pressing Machine Operators F748 Laundering and Dry Cleaning Machine Operators  MOTOR VEHICLE OPERATORS  MACHINE OPERATORS, ASSORTED MATERIALS  G803 Supervisors, Motor Vehicle Operators  F753 Cementing and Gluing Machine Operators 40  G804 G806 G808 G809 G813 G814  H497 Captains and Other Officers, Fishing Vessels H498 Fishers, Hunters, and Trappers  Truck Drivers Driver-Sales Workers Bus Drivers Taxicab Drivers and Chauffeurs Parking Lot Attendants Motor Transportation Occupations, N.E.C.  HELPERS, HANDLERS, AND LABORERS H864 Supervisors; Handlers, Equipment Cleaners, and Laborers, N.E.C. H865 Helpers, Mechanics and Repairers H866 Helpers, Construction Trades H867 Helpers, Surveyor H868 Helpers, Extractive Occupations H869 Construction Laborers H874 Production Helpers H875 Garbage Collectors H876 Stevedores H877 Stock Handlers and Baggers H878 Machine Feeders and Offbearers H883 Freight, Stock, and Material Handlers, N.E.C. H885 Garage and Service Station Related Occupations H887 Vehicle Washers and Equipment Cleaners H888 Hand Packers and Packagers H889 Laborers, Except Construction, N.E.C.  RAILROAD TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS G823 G824 G825 G826  Railroad Conductors and Yardmasters Locomotive Operating Occupations Railroad Brake, Signal, and Switch Operators Rail Vehicle Operators, N.E.C.  WATER TRANSPORTATION OCCUPATIONS G828 Ship Captains and Mates, Except Fishing Boats G829 Sailors and Deckhands G833 Marine Engineers G834 Bridge, Lock, and Lighthouse Tenders MATERIAL MOVING EQUIPMENT OPERATORS G843 Supervisors, Material Moving Equipment Operators G844 Operating Engineers G845 Longshore Equipment Operators G848 Hoist and Winch Operators G849 Crane and Tower Operators G853 Excavating and Loading Machine Operators G855 Grader, Dozer, and Scraper Operators G856 Industrial Truck and Tractor Equipment Operators G859 Miscellaneous Material Moving Equipment Operators, N.E.C.  Major occupational group K: SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, EXCEPT PRIVATE HOUSEHOLD PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS K413 Supervisors, Firefighting and Fire Prevention Occupations K414 Supervisors, Police and Detectives K415 Supervisors, Guards K416 Fire Inspection and Fire Prevention Occupations K417 Firefighting Occupations K418 Police and Detectives, Public Service K423 Sheriffs, Bailiffs, and Other Law Enforcement Officers K424 Correctional Institution Officers K425 Crossing Guards K426 Guards and Police, Except Public Service K427 Protective Service Occupations, N.E.C. FOOD SERVICE OCCUPATIONS K433 Supervisors; Food Preparation and Service Occupations K434 Bartenders K435 Waiters and Waitresses K436 Cooks K438 Food Counter, Fountain, and Related Occupations K439 Kitchen Workers, Food Preparation K443 Waiters'/Waitresses' Assistants K444 Food Preparation Occupations, N.E.C.  Major occupational group H: HANDLERS, EQUIPMENT CLEANERS, HELPERS, AND LABORERS FARM, FISHING AND FORESTRY OCCUPATIONS NONFARM SECTOR H483 Marine Life Cultivation Workers  H484 H485 H486 H487 H489 H494 H495 H496  Nursery Workers Supervisors, Agriculture-Related Workers Groundskeepers and Gardeners, Except Farm Animal Caretakers, Except Farm Inspectors, Agricultural Products Supervisors, Forestry and Logging Workers Forestry Workers, Except Logging Timber Cutting and Logging Occupations 41  HEALTH SERVICE OCCUPATIONS PERSONAL SERVICE OCCUPATIONS K456 Supervisors, Personal Service Occupations K457 Barbers K458 Hairdressers and Cosmetologists K459 Attendants, Amusement and Recreation Facilities K461 Guides K462 Ushers K463 Public Transportation Attendants K464 Baggage Porters and Bellhops K465 Welfare Service Aides K467 Early Childhood Teacher's Assistants K468 Child Care Workers, N.E.C. K469 Service Occupations, N.E.C.  K445 Dental Assistants K446 Health Aides, Except Nursing K447 Nursing Aides, Orderlies and Attendants CLEANING AND BUILDING SERVICE OCCUPATIONS K448 Supervisors, Cleaning and Building Service Workers K449 Maids and Housemen K453 Janitors and Cleaners K454 Elevator Operators K455 Pest Control Occupations  42  Appendix C. Generic Leveling Criteria  Below are the 10 criteria for generic leveling occupations. The description of each level within a factor is followed in parentheses by the point value assigned that level. An example using these criteria for leveling a job follows in appendix D.  6. Practical knowledge of a wide range of professional or administrative methods, principles, and practices, gained through job experience or relevant graduate study. (950) or Practical knowledge of a wide range of technical methods similar to a narrow area of a professional field and skill in applying this knowledge to difficult, but well-documented projects. (950)  Knowledge measures the nature and extent of information or facts that the workers must understand to do acceptable work.  2. Basic knowledge of commonly used procedures, tools, or equipment, requiring some previous training. (200)  7. Knowledge of a wide range of concepts, principles, and practices gained through extended graduate study or professional or administrative experience. (1250) or Comprehensive knowledge of a technical field and skill in applying this knowledge to the development of new methods, approaches, or procedures. (1250)  3. Knowledge of standard rules, procedures, tools, or equipment, requiring considerable training or experience. (350)  8. Mastery of a professional or administrative field to apply experimental theories or new developments to the job. (1550)  4. Knowledge of extensive rules in a generic field to perform a wide variety of interrelated or nonstandard procedures. (550) or Practical knowledge of standard procedures and operations in a technical field, requiring extended training or experience. (550) or Comprehensive knowledge of a blue-collar skill, usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. (550)  9. Mastery of a professional field to generate and develop new hypotheses and theories. (1850)  1. Skill to perform simple, repetitive tasks, or operate simple tools or equipment, requiring little or no previous training or experience. (50)  Supervisory duties describes the level of supervisory responsibility for a position. 1. No supervisory responsibility. (0) 2. Group leader--a nonsupervisory position which sets the pace of work for the group and shows other workers in the group how to perform assigned tasks. Can also be called team leader, or lead worker. (251)  5. Knowledge of specialized, complicated techniques, acquired through a pertinent baccalaureate program, or equivalent experience and training. (750) or Practical knowledge of standard technical procedures and methods to carry out limited projects involving specialized, complicated techniques. (750) or Advanced knowledge of blue collar skill to solve unusually complex problems. (750)  3. First line supervisor--directs staff through face-to-face meetings. Organizational structure is not complex and internal and administrative procedures are simple and informal. (502) 4. Second line supervisor--directs staff through intermediate supervisors. Internal procedures and administrative controls are formal. Organizational structure is complex 43  and is divided into subordinate groups that may differ from each other as to subject-matter and function. (1003)  4. Administrative policies, which are stated in general terms are available, but guidelines are scarce. Employee uses initiative in deviating from traditional methods in order to develop new methods. (450)  5. Third line supervisor--directs two or more subordinate supervisory levels with several subdivisions at each level. Programs are usually interlocked on a direct and continuing basis with other organizational segments, requiring constant attention to extensive formal coordination, clearances, and procedural controls. (1504)  5. Guidelines are broadly stated and nonspecific. The employee is recognized as a technical authority in the development and interpretation of guidelines. (650)  Complexity covers the variety of tasks, identifying what needs to be done, and the difficulty involved in performing the work.  Supervisory controls covers the nature and extent of direct or indirect controls exercised by the supervisor of the position, the responsibility of the position, and the review of the completed work of the position.  1. Tasks are clear cut, with little or no choice in determining what needs to be done, and are quickly mastered. (25)  1. Supervisor makes specific assignments, the employee works as instructed, and the work is closely controlled. (25)  2. Tasks involve related steps, requiring the employee to recognize and choose among a few recognizable situations based on a factual nature. (75)  2. Employee is expected to handle ongoing assignments using own initiative, refers deviations to supervisor, as difficulty of work increases so does review. (125)  3. Tasks involve different and unrelated methods, requiring the employee to select from many alternatives involving conditions that must be identified and analyzed to discern interrelationships. (150)  3. Supervisor provides objectives, priorities, and deadlines, employee plans and carries out steps in accordance with instructions, and completed work is reviewed for conformity to policy. (275)  4. Tasks involve many different and unrelated methods, requiring employee to assess variations in approach and make many decisions concerning the interpretation of data, planning of the work, and refining techniques to be used. (225)  4. Supervisor establishes overall objectives, employee and supervisor develop deadlines. Employee is responsible for planning and carrying out assignment, completed work is reviewed in terms of meeting requirements. (450)  5. Tasks involve many different and unrelated methods applied to a broad range of activities typically in an administrative or professional field. Decision making involves major areas of uncertainty in approach, requiring originating new techniques. (325)  5. Supervisor broadly defines mission, and the employee is responsible for all aspects of planning. Work results are normally accepted as technically authoritative and reviewed in terms of fulfillment of program objectives. (650)  6. Tasks involve broad functions and processes of an administrative or professional field. Decision making involves largely undefined issues and elements requiring continuing efforts to establish concepts or to resolve unyielding problems. (450)  Guidelines covers the nature of guidelines and the judgment needed to apply them. 1. Guidelines are specific and detailed, employee is expected to strictly adhere to them. (25)  Scope and effect covers the nature of the work and the effect the work produces within and outside the organization.  2. Established procedures have been selected, with a number of specific guidelines available, employee uses judgment in selecting most appropriate guideline, or refers to the supervisor where guidelines do not exist. (125)  1. Performs specific routine operations that have little effect beyond the immediate organization. (25) 2. Performs specific procedures comprising a complete segment of an assignment that affects further processes. (75)  3. Guidelines are available but not always applicable, employee uses judgment in interpreting and adapting guidelines. Employee analyzes results and recommends changes. (275) 44  3. Resolves a variety of conventional problems following established criteria that affect the operation of the program. (150)  2. Plan, coordinate, or advise on work efforts, or to resolve operating problems by influencing or motivating individuals or groups who are working toward mutual goals and who have cooperative attitudes. (50)  4. Establishes criteria, formulates projects, and analyzes a variety of unusual conditions that affects a wide range of establishment activities or the operation of other establishments. (225)  3. Influence, motivate, interrogate, or control persons or groups. The persons contacted may be fearful, skeptical, uncooperative, or dangerous. Therefore, the employee must be skillful in approaching the individual or group in order to obtain the desired effect. (120)  5. Defines unknown conditions, resolves critical problems, or develops new theories that affect the works of other experts or the development of major program aspects. (325)  4. Justify, defend, negotiate, or settle matters involving significant or controversial issues. The persons contacted typically have diverse viewpoints, goals, or objectives requiring the employee to achieve a common understanding of the problem and a satisfactory solution by convincing them, arriving at a compromise, or developing suitable alternatives. (220)  6. Plans, develops, and carries out vital administrative or scientific programs that are essential to the mission of the establishment. (450) Personal contacts covers contacts with persons not in the supervisory chain. Levels are based on what is required to make the initial contact, the difficulty of communicating with those contacted, and the setting in which the contacts take place.  Physical demands covers the physical characteristics and abilities placed on the employee by the work assignment.  1. Contacts are with employees within the immediate organization, and/or with the general public in highly structured situations. (10)  1. The work is sedentary. (5)  2. Contacts are with employees in the same establishment but outside the immediate organization, and/or with the general public in moderately structured settings. (25)  2. The work requires some physical exertion. (20) 3. The work requires considerable and strenuous physical exertion. (50)  3. Contacts are with individuals or groups from outside the establishment in a moderately unstructured setting. Contacts are not established on a routine basis, each contact is different, and the roles and of each party are established during the contact. (60)  Work environment considers the risks and discomforts in the employee’s physical surroundings, or the nature of the work assigned and the safety regulations required.  4. Personal contacts are with high-ranking officials from outside the establishment at national or international levels in highly unstructured settings. (110)  1. The work involves everyday risks or discomforts that require normal safety precautions. (5)  Purpose of contacts measures the range of personal contacts from factual exchanges of information to situations involving significant or controversial issues and differing viewpoints, goals, or objectives. The purpose is to: 1. Obtain, clarify, or give facts or information ranging from the easily understood to the highly technical. (20)  2. The work involves moderate risks or discomforts that require special safety precautions. (20) 3. The work involves high risk with exposure to dangerous situations or unusual environmental stress. (50)  45  Appendix D. Generic Leveling: An Example  Complexity Each procedure performed leads to the next, for example, examining gums, scraping plaque, then cleaning teeth.  Once an occupation has been selected using probability selection techniques, the level of work is determined using a generic leveling process. The 10 factors listed in Appendix C are used to arrive at a generic level. Below is an example of a generic leveling evaluation of a “Dental Hygienist” position in a dental clinic. Total points for the job were 1020, which classifies the job at level 5.  Level 2 - 75 points. Scope and effect In terms of process, the dentist’s work follows the hygienist’s. In terms of effect, the hygienist could give a harmful x-ray or miss plaque on the teeth.  Knowledge Hygienist must have a dental hygienist license which requires 2 years of schooling and passage of a technical exam. This is a mid-level hygienist job, which means a worker must have at least 3 years of experience. The procedures are essentially the same every day, such as cleaning teeth, checking gums, and giving x-rays.  Level 2 - 75 points. Personal contacts Patients come to the clinic or occasionally the hygienist will travel to perform work or give a talk at a school.  Level 4 - 550 points. Level 2 - 25 points.  Supervisory duties A dental hygienist at this level does not supervise anyone.  Purpose of contacts Most of hygienist’s interaction is with patients; no planning or coordination work is involved.  Level 1 - 0 points. Supervisory controls Most of the tasks are performed without supervision. For more complicated procedures, such as tooth filling, the dental hygienist assists the dentist.  Level 1 - 20 points. Physical demands The work is sedentary.  Level 2 - 125 points.  Level 1 - 5 points.  Guidelines An hygienist knows which procedure to use for different dental problems. Unusual situations are handled after checking with the supervisor.  Work environment Hygienist must take precautions not to be exposed to xrays, punctures, etc.  Level 2 - 125 points.  Level 2 - 20 points.  46
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