View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Richmond—Petersburg, VA, Metropolitan Area, August 1995  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3080-31  ________________________________________________________________ Preface This bulletin provides results of an August 1995 survey of occupational pay in the Richmond—Petersburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. This survey was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. Data from this program are for use in implementing the Federal Employees Pay Comparability Act of 1990. The survey was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Philadelphia, under the direction of John W. Filemyr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. Data were collected by Kendall Cooper, Bruce Edwards, Frank Hayden, Rose Murray, Nancy Shamonsky, Tom Shaffer, Drew Simmons, and Mirian Torain. Regional review was conducted by Joseph Mursch under the supervision of Frank Waligorski, Team Leader. Statistical support was provided by Ken Hillian. Kimberly Lacey of the Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefit Levels reviewed the aggregate data. Martha Walker of the Statistical Methods Group was responsible for the statistical procedures. Paulette Brown and Kimberly Lacey of the Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefit Levels prepared this bulletin.  The survey could not have been conducted without the cooperation of the many private firms and government jurisdictions that provided pay data included in this bulletin. The Bureau thanks these respondents for their cooperation. For additional information regarding this survey or similar surveys conducted in this regional area, please contact the BLS Philadelphia Regional Office at (215) 596-1154. You may also write to the Bureau of Labor Statistics at: Division of Occupational Pay and Employee Benefits, 2 Massachusetts Avenue, NE, Washington, D.C. 20212-0001 or call the Occupational Compensation Survey Program information line at (202) 606-6220. Material in this bulletin is in the public domain and, with appropriate credit, may be reproduced without permission. This information will be made available to sensory impaired individuals upon request. Voice phone: (202) 606-STAT; TDD phone: (202) 606-5897; TDD message referral phone: 1-800-326-2577.  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government  For an account of a similar survey conducted in 1994, see  Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, GPO bookstores, and the  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Richmond— Petersburg, VA, BLS Bulletin 3075-52.  Bureau of Labor Statistics, Publications Sales Center, P.O. Box 2145, Chicago, IL 60690-2145.  Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only  Richmond—Petersburg, VA, Metropolitan Area, August 1995  ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________  U.S. Department of Labor Robert B. Reich, Secretary Bureau of Labor Statistics Katharine G. Abraham, Commissioner January 1996 Bulletin 3080-31  Contents  Page  Page  Tables—Continued Introduction ...............................................................................................................  2  Tables: Health services: All establishments: A-1.  administrative occupations ......................................................... A-2.  A-6.  Weekly hours and pay of professional, administrative,  A-7.  Hourly pay of maintenance, toolroom, material movement,  technical, protective service, and clerical occupations ..............  Weekly hours and pay of professional and 3  and custodial occupations ..........................................................  Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations ...................................................................  8  A-3.  Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations ...............................  10  A-4.  Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom  A-5.  Hourly pay of material movement and custodial  occupations ................................................................................  occupations ................................................................................  13  14  16  19  Appendixes: A.  Scope and method of survey .........................................................  A-1  B.  Occupational descriptions ..............................................................  B-1  Introduction  employing 50 workers or more and to State and local governments and (2) adding more professional, administrative, technical, and protective service occupations to the surveys.  This survey of occupational pay in the Richmond—Petersburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area (the cities of Colonial Heights, Hopewell, Petersburg, and Richmond, and the counties of Charles City, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Goochland, Hanover, Henrico, New Kent, Powhatan, and Prince George) was conducted as part of the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Compensation Survey Program. The survey is one of a number of metropolitan areas surveyed annually throughout the United States. (See listing of reports for other surveys at the end of this bulletin.) A major objective of the Occupational Compensation Survey Program is to describe the level and distribution of occupational pay in a variety of the Nation's local labor markets, using a consistent survey approach. Another Program objective is to provide information on the incidence of employee benefits among and within local labor markets. However, no benefits data were collected for this survey. The Program develops information that is used for a variety of purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining business or plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Department of Labor in making wage determinations under the Service Contract Act, and by the President's Pay Agent (the Secretary of Labor and Directors of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management and the U.S. Office of Management and Budget) in determining local pay adjustments under the Federal Employee Pay Comparability Act of 1990. This latter requirement resulted in: (1) Expanding the survey's industrial coverage to include all private nonfarm establishments (except households)  Pay The A-series tables provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly pay by occupation. Tables A-1 through A-5 provide data for selected white- and bluecollar occupations common to a variety of industries. Tables A-6 and A-7 present separate occupational pay information for the health services industry. Occupational pay information is presented for all industries covered by the survey and, where possible, for private industry (e.g., for goods- and serviceproducing industries) and for State and local governments. Within private industry, more detailed information is presented to the extent that the survey establishment sample can support such detail. Appendixes Appendix A describes the concepts, methods, and coverage used in the Occupational Compensation Survey Program. It also includes information on the area's industrial composition and the reliability of occupational pay estimates. Appendix B includes the descriptions used by Bureau field economists to classify workers in the survey occupations.  2  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 and over  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  254 126 79 128  39.4 38.9 38.5 39.8  $502 493 499 511  $493 455 465 512  $451 423 443 474  – – – –  $551 565 556 551  4 9 4 –  20 33 32 9  28 23 32 32  21 9 8 33  17 8 8 25  7 13 10 2  2 5 6 –  ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  460 326 106 106 220  39.2 39.0 39.9 39.9 38.5  626 626 716 716 583  615 604 750 750 576  538 519 625 625 519  – – – – –  693 708 811 811 630  – – – – –  2 2 8 8 –  6 7 8 8 6  22 25 3 3 35  16 15 2 2 22  18 13 10 10 15  12 11 8 8 13  9 8 13 13 5  8 8 19 19 3  5 7 21 21 ( 3)  2 3 8 8 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  375 268 132 129 136 107  39.5 39.3 39.6 39.6 39.1 39.9  786 811 819 814 804 724  759 796 798 788 786 738  673 680 678 674 680 658  – – – – – –  886 938 955 954 905 787  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 2 2 – 1  5 3 2 2 4 7  11 11 8 8 14 11  13 12 16 16 9 15  12 9 9 9 9 21  17 14 14 14 14 26  18 18 13 13 24 17  17 23 28 28 18 2  4 6 6 5 6 –  2 2 3 3 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  191 102 64 63 38  39.6 39.3 39.4 39.4 39.1  983 1,029 1,002 1,005 1,075  957 1,000 969 990 –  865 865 865 865 –  – – – – –  1,081 1,163 1,101 1,101 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – –  1 – – – –  5 4 3 3 5  32 27 39 38 8  18 18 11 11 29  21 19 20 21 16  8 12 11 11 13  6 9 8 8 11  5 10 6 6 16  1 2 2 2 3  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  28 27  39.1 39.1  1,436 1,438  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 4  – –  14 15  25 22  32 33  11 11  4 4  11 11  – –  – –  Accountants, Public Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  33 33 33  40.0 40.0 40.0  548 548 548  538 538 538  529 529 529  – – –  558 558 558  – – –  – – –  – – –  58 58 58  39 39 39  3 3 3  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  45 45 45  40.0 40.0 40.0  587 587 587  569 569 569  558 558 558  – – –  604 604 604  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 2  67 67 67  13 13 13  18 18 18  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  59 59 59  40.0 40.0 40.0  656 656 656  648 648 648  604 604 604  – – –  702 702 702  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  17 17 17  34 34 34  22 22 22  19 19 19  8 8 8  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  36 36 36  40.0 40.0 40.0  918 918 918  911 911 911  858 858 858  – – –  952 952 952  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  8 8 8  36 36 36  36 36 36  11 11 11  8 8 8  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  3  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 and over  Attorneys Level II: State and local government ..................  10  38.8  $949  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  10  10  –  10  –  10  10  –  40  –  10  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level III: Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  33 33  37.8 37.8  1,355 1,355  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  6 6  – –  27 27  30 30  27 27  – –  3 3  6 6  – –  – –  Level IV .....................................................  26  38.7  1,492  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15  –  27  12  15  15  12  –  4  Engineers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  93 87 71 55  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  655 655 657 678  $656 654 638 719  $584 577 584 544  – – – –  $750 758 760 787  – – – –  1 1 – –  4 5 1 2  15 16 20 25  23 23 25 4  5 5 4 5  11 7 8 11  15 16 11 15  12 13 14 18  14 15 15 20  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  483 275 190 184 85 208  39.9 39.8 39.8 39.8 39.9 39.9  773 839 877 886 754 685  753 837 888 895 731 688  658 723 773 777 673 602  – – – – – –  853 954 1,004 1,005 840 753  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  2 ( 3) – – 1 5  7 2 3 3 – 14  13 7 7 4 8 22  14 14 7 7 31 13  10 7 2 2 18 13  12 9 11 11 7 16  20 24 23 24 26 16  10 17 21 22 9 ( 3)  8 14 20 21 – –  2 4 5 5 – –  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  791 539 387 379 252  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8  982 1,061 1,072 1,075 813  969 1,067 1,082 1,087 823  841 952 943 945 721  – – – – –  1,127 1,158 1,200 1,201 899  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – ( 3)  2 – – – 5  5 1 1 1 13  3 1 1 1 8  8 4 4 4 17  22 11 12 11 44  15 18 17 16 7  16 22 17 17 4  16 24 22 22 ( 3)  9 13 17 17 –  3 4 5 5 –  1 2 2 2 –  1 1 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  535 426 311 311 109  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.8  1,160 1,210 1,215 1,215 966  1,183 1,220 1,222 1,222 983  1,051 1,138 1,126 1,126 962  – – – – –  1,255 1,281 1,289 1,289 1,005  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) – – – 1  1 – – – 3  1 – – – 6  4 2 3 3 10  13 3 3 3 51  14 11 12 12 25  21 25 25 25 5  33 41 38 38 –  9 11 12 12 –  2 3 4 4 –  1 2 3 3 –  1 1 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) ( 3) –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  275 261 156 144 14  39.9 39.9 39.9 39.9 39.6  1,398 1,409 1,434 1,436 1,189  1,396 1,400 1,400 1,408 –  1,333 1,343 1,351 1,341 –  – – – – –  1,442 1,444 1,517 1,529 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 1 1 14  4 2 1 1 50  12 11 11 12 21  35 36 31 33 14  33 35 30 26 –  7 7 12 12 –  5 5 9 10 –  2 2 4 4 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  Level VI ..................................................... State and local government ..................  72 20  39.9 40.0  1,534 1,211  1,553 1,175  1,299 1,156  – –  1,637 1,285  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 5  14 50  10 35  1 5  6 5  36 –  14 –  4 –  1 –  See footnotes at end of table.  4  4  13 –  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 and over  Registered Nurses Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  198 115 112  40.0 39.9 40.0  $593 601 596  $581 600 600  $556 540 533  – – –  $620 655 651  – – –  – – –  3 4 4  14 24 25  49 17 18  17 27 28  8 11 12  9 14 13  – – –  1 2 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,946 1,749 1,729 1,197  40.0 39.9 39.9 40.0  708 700 700 719  708 710 710 703  630 622 620 640  – – – –  784 779 779 804  – – – –  – – – –  1 2 2 –  6 6 6 5  10 12 12 7  15 12 12 21  15 13 13 17  17 20 20 13  15 18 18 12  16 15 15 19  4 2 2 7  ( 3) – – 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level I .......................................................  30  39.5  554  –  –  –  –  –  –  17  43  20  10  7  –  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  171 115 73 72 42  38.9 38.5 38.6 38.5 38.3  640 640 625 623 666  615 594 570 570 628  551 523 523 520 606  – – – – –  692 721 709 705 721  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – –  23 30 44 44 5  20 21 25 25 14  20 17 – – 45  11 7 5 6 10  6 5 5 6 5  8 5 3 3 10  9 13 14 13 12  1 1 1 1 –  1 2 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  109 82 43 43 27  39.8 39.8 39.7 39.7 39.9  927 986 991 991 747  957 1,001 1,002 1,002 762  823 935 935 935 658  – – – – –  1,030 1,058 1,106 1,106 823  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  5 – – – 19  4 – – – 15  7 6 12 12 11  6 1 – – 19  17 12 7 7 33  22 29 28 28 –  28 37 28 28 4  10 13 23 23 –  1 1 2 2 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Computer Programmers Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  234 154 146 80  39.1 38.7 38.7 39.8  605 625 622 567  587 615 615 563  538 545 544 504  – – – –  687 705 705 604  – – – –  4 6 7 –  7 1 1 17  22 18 19 30  20 17 16 26  14 16 17 10  13 15 14 10  11 14 14 5  6 9 8 1  2 3 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  388 192 42 42 150  39.3 38.5 39.1 39.1 38.4  717 753 740 740 757  708 750 754 754 733  636 689 696 696 689  – – – – –  775 789 762 762 803  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  11 1 – – 1  18 11 5 5 13  16 17 21 21 15  18 20 12 12 23  18 28 48 48 22  14 16 12 12 17  3 5 2 2 5  2 3 – – 4  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  5  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 and over  Computer Systems Analysts Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  157 148 39 38 109  39.0 39.1 39.9 39.9 38.9  $798 798 816 813 791  $812 815 – – 790  $744 741 – – 731  – – – – –  $861 865 – – 861  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  8 8 8 8 8  7 7 – – 10  15 16 15 16 16  17 14 3 3 17  44 45 67 68 37  9 9 8 5 10  1 1 – – 2  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  840 616 109 107 507  39.3 39.0 39.6 39.6 38.9  880 895 908 909 892  865 878 871 877 885  796 811 815 813 808  – – – – –  952 964 999 1,004 953  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  3 1 – – 2  8 6 2 2 7  14 14 16 16 14  35 34 39 37 33  22 24 19 20 25  14 17 20 21 17  2 3 4 4 3  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  664 476 369  39.3 39.0 38.8  1,062 1,091 1,062  1,050 1,058 1,035  962 981 965  – – –  1,124 1,210 1,134  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  ( 3) – –  2 – –  10 8 9  24 23 29  34 29 30  11 14 14  10 14 11  7 9 6  2 2 1  ( 3) ( 3) 1  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry .....................................  44 44  39.6 39.6  1,402 1,402  1,399 1,399  1,287 1,287  – –  1,552 1,552  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 5  5 5  18 18  23 23  18 18  20 20  9 9  2 2  – –  – –  Computer Systems Analyst Supervisors/Managers Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  101 45 26 56  39.8 39.5 39.1 40.0  1,157 1,174 1,107 1,143  1,149 1,113 – 1,149  1,051 1,013 – 1,081  – – – –  1,201 1,292 – 1,175  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  4 7 12 2  11 11 19 11  25 29 15 21  31 7 8 50  15 22 35 9  4 9 12 –  3 4 – 2  6 7 – 5  2 4 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  67 55  38.6 38.4  1,358 1,382  1,343 1,360  1,292 1,306  – –  1,488 1,521  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  7 5  10 9  10 9  39 36  10 13  15 18  6 7  1 2  – –  – –  Personnel Specialists Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  58 56  39.8 39.8  549 553  563 563  506 515  – –  589 589  – –  7 5  14 13  19 20  41 43  19 20  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  294 125 39 39 86  39.4 38.8 38.9 38.9 38.8  612 585 597 597 579  606 577 – – 576  539 500 – – 509  – – – – –  688 644 – – 643  1 2 – – 2  2 6 – – 8  8 15 36 36 6  14 16 5 5 21  21 21 10 10 26  20 18 23 23 16  13 10 5 5 12  8 4 3 3 5  10 4 10 10 1  2 5 8 8 3  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  292 182 57 53 125  39.5 39.3 39.9 39.9 39.0  756 765 788 788 755  740 757 753 740 757  673 689 696 696 665  – – – – –  823 833 845 850 817  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  2 2 – – 3  6 7 2 2 9  10 8 9 9 8  20 21 19 21 22  13 10 18 19 6  15 14 12 9 15  24 24 23 21 25  6 6 9 9 5  3 5 7 8 5  1 2 2 2 2  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  6  Table A-1. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of professional and administrative occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  140 103 57 55 46 37  39.0 38.7 39.1 39.1 38.1 40.0  $1,006 1,031 1,043 1,043 1,016 935  $972 1,008 1,008 1,000 1,004 920  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 350 and under 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  1400 1500  1500 1600  1600 1700  1700 1800  1800 1900  1900 and over  – $1,086 – 1,177 – 1,217 – 1,229 – 1,058 – 1,028  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 1 – – 2 –  – – – – – –  4 3 4 4 2 5  24 20 26 27 13 35  24 21 18 18 26 30  24 21 12 11 33 30  9 12 12 11 11 –  10 14 18 18 9 –  6 8 11 11 4 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Middle range  $881 900 865 865 909 866  Level V ......................................................  26  38.8  1,329  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  12  15  15  35  4  12  4  4  –  –  Personnel Supervisors/Managers Level I: State and local government ..................  8  40.0  988  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  38  13  50  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Tax Collectors Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  11 11  40.0 40.0  584 584  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  36 36  18 18  27 27  9 9  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  3  Less than 0.5 percent. 4 Workers were distributed as follows: 8 percent at $1,900 and under $2,000; 1 percent at $2,000 and under $2,100; and 3 percent at $2,100 and under $2,200. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  7  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  386 207 27 27 180 179  39.4 38.9 39.7 39.7 38.8 39.9  $434 449 460 460 447 416  $423 428 – – 427 418  $369 367 – – 363 369  – – – – – –  $485 544 – – 545 461  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  14 14 – – 16 14  23 20 15 15 21 26  22 18 33 33 16 26  19 11 19 19 9 29  18 30 19 19 32 3  4 7 15 15 6 2  1 1 – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  195 80 27 27 53 115  39.7 39.4 39.5 39.5 39.3 39.9  543 588 685 685 538 512  544 596 – – 559 526  471 469 – – 442 471  – – – – – –  584 666 – – 632 563  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  6 4 – – 6 8  14 16 – – 25 12  12 9 7 7 9 14  19 1 – – 2 32  26 20 – – 30 30  10 21 33 33 15 3  8 19 30 30 13 1  1 1 4 4 – –  – – – – – –  3 7 22 22 – –  1 1 4 4 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Drafters Level II ......................................................  33  39.8  482  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  15  30  21  9  18  –  3  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  65 44 42 41  39.2 39.0 39.0 39.0  590 596 594 591  570 577 572 567  555 559 559 559  – – – –  646 635 602 602  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  2 – – –  9 2 2 2  14 11 12 12  43 55 57 59  9 11 7 7  12 14 14 15  8 2 2 –  – – – –  2 2 2 2  2 2 2 2  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Engineering Technicians Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries ..............  179 179 153  40.0 40.0 40.0  816 816 816  822 822 815  799 799 799  – – –  831 831 831  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2 2 2  1 1 1  8 8 8  6 6 7  9 9 8  58 58 63  7 7 3  2 2 1  2 2 3  4 4 5  – – –  – – –  Engineering Technicians, Civil Level I: State and local government ..................  10  40.0  354  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  20  80  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  58 56  39.5 39.5  420 421  394 399  369 363  – –  465 467  – –  – –  – –  10 11  41 39  19 20  12 13  9 9  9 9  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..................  204 199  39.9 39.9  477 477  461 451  422 422  – –  527 527  – –  – –  – –  – –  11 11  37 38  14 14  17 16  17 17  3 3  1 2  ( 3) 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..................  275 275  39.9 39.9  596 596  602 602  504 504  – –  658 658  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  ( 3) ( 3)  22 22  13 13  13 13  21 21  21 21  3 3  2 2  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level V: State and local government ..................  12  40.0  696  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  17  25  8  33  –  –  17  –  –  –  –  –  Licensed Practical Nurses Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  1,249 1,033 1,033 216  39.8 39.7 39.7 40.0  452 449 449 464  441 437 437 464  402 400 400 410  – – – –  502 500 500 515  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  3 4 4 2  19 20 20 17  30 32 32 22  21 19 19 31  20 21 21 18  4 2 2 10  1 1 1 ( 3)  1 2 2 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  See footnotes at end of table.  8  Table A-2. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of technical and protective service occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 250  250 300  300 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 1000  1000 1100  1100 1200  1200 1300  1300 1400  Nursing Assistants Level I .......................................................  93  39.4  $231  $214  $195  –  $270  30  38  16  16  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  2,359 1,782 1,782 577  39.5 39.3 39.3 40.0  265 251 251 307  258 242 242 298  218 210 210 276  – – – –  301 284 284 340  10 13 13 –  35 43 43 9  31 27 27 41  17 13 13 30  7 3 3 18  2 2 2 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level III .....................................................  133  40.0  337  328  300  –  380  –  1  23  42  23  7  4  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Corrections Officers ................................... State and local government ......................  1,609 1,609  39.9 39.9  436 436  403 403  368 368  – –  482 482  – –  – –  – –  – –  48 48  11 11  21 21  16 16  3 3  1 1  1 1  ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3)  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Firefighters .................................................. State and local government ......................  700 700  52.9 52.9  731 731  702 702  590 590  – –  794 794  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 3  1 1  4 4  12 12  8 8  10 10  11 11  17 17  12 12  6 6  1 1  3 3  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  4 4  6 6  Police Officers Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  1,466 1,457  39.2 39.2  606 606  563 562  535 535  – –  668 668  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 1  8 8  9 9  30 30  15 14  11 11  7 7  4 4  9 9  2 2  ( 3) ( 3)  1 1  4 4  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  18 18  38.8 38.8  674 674  672 672  531 531  – –  823 823  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  44 44  6 6  – –  – –  – –  11 11  33 33  6 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  PROTECTIVE SERVICE OCCUPATIONS  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and  methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  9  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  – –  – –  19 12  6 6  44 48  19 21  6 6  – –  3 3  – –  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Clerks, Accounting Level I ....................................................... Private industry .....................................  36 33  38.6 38.7  $316 322  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  828 554 209 206 345 52  39.5 39.4 39.7 39.6 39.3 39.5  371 369 415 416 340 358  $360 351 400 400 330 360  $321 308 334 334 294 294  – – – – – –  $418 410 504 504 380 405  3 5 5 5 5 –  2 3 – – 5 –  1 2 3 3 1 –  8 11 2 2 16 31  16 14 11 11 16 13  15 14 10 10 17 2  11 10 9 8 11 13  11 11 8 8 13 10  10 9 9 9 8 15  7 3 3 3 2 –  7 6 12 13 3 12  1 2 2 2 2 4  4 6 11 12 2 –  3 5 13 13 – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) 1 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............  722 279 103 92 176  39.5 39.0 38.8 38.6 39.1  443 472 499 505 456  440 454 483 483 442  397 413 413 413 414  – – – – –  482 520 563 574 488  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) 1 – – 2  ( 3) – – – –  6 1 – – 2  9 1 1 – 1  10 6 2 – 9  20 23 28 29 19  11 15 4 3 22  14 9 1 1 14  15 13 20 22 9  7 15 17 14 15  4 9 17 18 5  2 3 5 5 2  1 1 4 4 –  ( 3) 1 1 1 1  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... State and local government ..................  309 32 277  39.9 39.5 40.0  503 633 488  498 – 482  441 – 441  – – –  551 – 527  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  5 – 6  13 3 14  9 – 10  15 – 16  9 – 10  23 19 23  17 6 19  5 25 2  2 16 –  3 28 –  ( 3) 3 –  – – –  – – –  – – –  Clerks, General Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..................  119 115  39.7 39.7  287 288  276 276  247 247  – –  330 330  1 –  26 27  7 7  29 28  11 11  22 23  3 3  1 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  1,028 154 130 43 874  39.7 38.4 38.4 39.9 39.9  339 323 319 340 342  338 298 300 313 339  295 269 268 294 300  – – – – –  386 368 368 382 395  – – – – –  1 7 6 – ( 3)  4 23 28 14 1  23 20 13 12 24  16 9 11 26 17  13 12 15 7 13  12 5 6 9 13  16 8 9 19 18  12 2 2 – 14  1 5 5 14 ( 3)  1 5 6 – ( 3)  ( 3) 2 – – –  ( 3) 1 – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  2,121 444 52 50 1,677  39.8 39.2 39.7 39.7 39.9  390 426 439 440 381  386 434 463 481 386  330 326 390 390 334  – – – – –  431 520 481 481 431  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 3) 2 – – –  3 11 – – 1  18 12 4 4 19  12 10 15 16 13  12 9 – – 13  12 4 13 14 14  10 2 2 – 12  19 4 15 14 24  5 6 – – 5  2 10 40 42 ( 3)  4 15 2 2 3 ( )  3 15 4 4 –  ( 3) ( 3) 4 4 –  – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level IV .....................................................  265  39.8  507  545  473  –  545  –  –  –  1  –  –  4  11  5  2  7  7  42  22  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  Clerks, Order Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ...............................  172 172 157 157  39.7 39.7 39.7 39.7  355 355 358 358  327 327 324 324  300 300 300 300  – – – –  366 366 366 366  – – – –  – – – –  3 3 4 4  13 13 14 14  33 33 33 33  14 14 12 12  16 16 15 15  3 3 3 3  1 1 1 1  3 3 3 3  2 2 2 2  3 3 3 3  5 5 5 5  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  See footnotes at end of table.  10  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  Key Entry Operators Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  463 432 51 51 381 31  38.4 38.3 39.5 39.5 38.2 39.7  $353 354 309 309 360 346  $340 343 305 305 348 –  $316 316 273 273 319 –  – – – – – –  $377 377 324 324 378 –  – – – – – –  2 2 12 12 ( 3) –  4 4 16 16 2 3  12 12 20 20 11 10  17 17 35 35 14 19  22 21 2 2 23 39  19 20 2 2 22 3  8 8 – – 9 3  6 6 10 10 6 13  2 2 – – 2 6  4 5 2 2 5 –  3 3 – – 3 3  2 2 2 2 2 –  ( 3) ( 3) – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  179 162 112 17  39.3 39.3 39.0 40.0  408 406 395 425  421 422 396 411  353 350 320 357  – – – –  462 462 462 519  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 1 –  7 7 11 –  9 10 14 –  7 7 10 12  11 9 8 29  7 7 10 6  23 24 15 12  8 8 2 12  13 15 12 –  6 6 9 –  7 4 6 29  2 2 3 –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Personnel Assistants (Employment) Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..................  26 7  39.1 37.5  390 393  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  8 –  – –  – –  62 71  8 –  – –  4 –  4 14  4 14  4 –  4 –  – –  4 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  210 116 107 94  38.5 38.4 38.4 38.7  382 391 386 371  382 394 392 374  353 360 358 324  – – – –  415 417 417 403  – – – –  1 – – 2  4 3 4 4  4 4 5 3  8 1 1 17  5 7 7 2  20 20 21 21  22 22 23 23  20 28 26 11  5 7 7 3  6 3 2 9  1 1 1 2  2 3 3 2  ( 3) 1 – –  ( 3) 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  900 378 36 32 342 522  39.3 38.7 39.0 38.8 38.7 39.7  465 475 526 522 469 458  471 462 – – 461 471  421 414 – – 414 424  – – – – – –  493 534 – – 524 482  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  ( 3) ( 3) – – ( 3) ( 3)  ( 3) – – – – ( 3)  2 1 6 6 1 2  7 5 6 6 5 8  6 9 6 6 9 5  13 16 11 13 17 10  9 8 3 3 8 9  17 14 6 6 15 20  24 12 6 6 13 33  11 14 11 9 14 9  8 17 22 16 16 2  2 2 11 13 1 1  ( 3) 1 3 3 ( 3) 3 ( )  ( 3) 1 11 13 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  735 655 97 96 558 80  39.0 38.9 39.1 39.1 38.9 39.7  522 519 581 580 508 553  523 520 572 572 515 576  454 450 473 470 445 476  – – – – – –  574 565 661 660 548 614  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  1 ( 3) – – ( 3) 4  1 1 – – 1 1  4 4 3 3 5 –  7 7 5 5 7 7  12 12 1 1 14 5  9 9 16 17 7 7  11 12 3 3 13 7  25 26 12 13 29 14  15 14 16 17 14 19  8 7 13 14 6 15  5 4 9 9 3 15  2 2 13 13 ( 3) 2  1 1 4 4 – 2  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – –  – – – – – –  Level IV ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  365 153 117 212  39.3 38.4 38.5 40.0  564 633 619 514  539 643 625 527  515 556 538 493  – – – –  615 701 693 539  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 3) – – ( 3)  1 – – 1  1 – – 1  2 1 1 3  2 1 2 3  7 4 5 9  5 1 – 8  37 18 23 50  18 14 14 21  7 16 17 1  8 20 18 ( 3)  7 17 14 ( 3)  2 5 2 –  2 5 5 –  – – – –  – – – –  Level V ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  42 36 33 6  38.9 38.8 38.8 40.0  700 697 688 720  672 – – –  656 – – –  – – – –  779 – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  5 6 6 –  – – – –  7 6 6 17  12 14 12 –  38 39 42 33  10 11 12 –  19 17 18 33  5 3 – 17  2 3 – –  2 3 3 –  See footnotes at end of table.  11  Table A-3. All establishments: Weekly hours and pay of clerical occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  200 and under 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 375  375 400  400 425  425 450  450 475  475 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 900  900 1000  1000 1100  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists ....... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  456 423 124 99 299 25 33  39.2 39.2 39.4 39.2 39.1 39.3 39.3  $329 327 333 339 324 323 359  $329 329 329 330 329 – –  $292 292 292 310 280 – –  – – – – – – –  $365 365 384 387 359 – –  3 3 6 8 2 – 3  4 4 5 6 4 – –  12 13 – – 18 28 –  9 9 19 8 5 4 9  17 17 15 19 18 20 15  22 22 20 18 23 4 21  11 11 8 8 12 24 12  8 6 12 15 4 16 24  11 11 12 15 10 4 9  1 1 – – 1 – –  1 1 – – 1 – 3  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 ( 3) – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) – – – – – 3  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  ( 3) ( 3) 1 1 – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  – – – – – – –  Word Processors Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  60 58 52  37.8 37.8 37.8  458 457 462  465 462 478  412 412 433  – – –  502 504 513  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 3 4  3 3 4  7 7 8  – – –  15 16 6  7 7 8  18 17 19  22 21 23  20 21 23  5 5 6  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to  compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  12  Table A-4. All establishments: Hourly pay of maintenance and toolroom occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  6.50 and under 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  9.50 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 22.00 23.00 24.00 25.00 over  General Maintenance Workers .................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  261 201 27 25 174 60  $10.01 9.77 9.53 9.43 9.81 10.80  $10.02 9.64 – – 10.00 10.48  $8.37 8.13 – – 8.13 9.51  – $11.35 – 11.06 – – – – – 11.11 – 12.41  2 2 19 20 – –  9 11 19 20 10 2  7 9 – – 10 –  8 9 4 4 10 7  8 8 4 4 9 7  7 6 15 16 5 10  6 4 – – 5 12  23 23 11 4 25 25  14 15 11 12 16 10  8 7 – – 8 10  7 4 19 20 2 17  ( 2) – – – – 2  – – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 1 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Electricians ........................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  577 556 460 458 96  19.48 19.67 19.89 19.92 18.63  20.02 20.02 20.02 20.02 21.01  16.52 17.32 18.19 18.33 15.58  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 – – – –  1 ( 2) – – 2  2 1 1 1 3  6 6 5 5 13  2 1 1 1 5  6 6 7 7 2  10 10 9 9 10  2 1 1 1 2  6 6 7 7 –  12 12 14 14 3  22 23 27 27 2  10 11 2 2 55  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) – – 2  21 22 26 26 –  – – – – –  Maintenance Electronics Technicians Level I .......................................................  48  10.90  11.77  8.65  –  13.11  –  2  4  15  13  6  6  2  2  25  21  4  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... State and local government ..................  610 566 206 206 44  18.49 18.91 17.98 17.98 13.05  19.69 19.69 16.54 16.54 12.23  16.54 17.70 16.54 16.54 10.79  – – – – –  19.84 19.84 19.20 19.20 14.36  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  ( 2) – – – 5  2 – – – 23  1 – – – 18  1 1 – – 14  2 1 – – 11  2 1 2 2 7  1 ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) 7  19 20 53 53 5  2 2 2 2 7  3 3 8 8 –  57 61 12 12 –  8 8 22 22 5  1 1 – – –  1 1 – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Level III ..................................................... Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............  105 65 54  19.22 22.18 21.96  19.53 23.52 22.91  15.06 20.00 19.53  – – –  23.82 24.51 24.67  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  1 – –  8 – –  10 – –  5 – –  7 – –  9 6 7  6 8 7  4 3 4  5 8 9  6 9 11  5 8 9  4 6 2  9 14 17  12 20 13  Maintenance Mechanics, Machinery ......... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  1,329 1,320 1,236 1,230  20.69 20.71 20.78 20.82  20.54 20.54 20.28 20.38  18.33 18.33 18.33 18.33  – – – –  24.72 24.72 24.72 24.72  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  3 3 3 3  7 7 7 7  1 1 ( 2) ( 2)  2 2 1 1  7 7 8 8  1 1 1 1  6 6 6 6  12 12 13 13  15 15 17 17  6 6 1 1  1 1 1 1  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  37 37 39 40  2 2 2 2  Maintenance Mechanics, Motor Vehicle ... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ............... State and local government ......................  445 316 67 249 234 129  13.23 13.31 13.13 13.35 13.35 13.04  13.00 13.20 13.00 14.00 14.05 12.67  11.36 11.36 12.40 11.25 11.00 11.72  – – – – – –  15.11 15.50 13.40 15.50 15.50 14.40  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  4 6 – 8 9 –  – – – – – –  4 4 1 5 5 3  3 3 3 3 3 2  9 6 4 6 7 15  13 12 12 12 9 15  13 10 13 10 10 20  13 15 54 4 5 10  14 12 3 14 15 20  16 20 – 26 27 4  3 2 3 2 – 6  1 ( 2) 1 – – 2  1 – – – – 3  6 8 4 9 10 –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Maintenance Pipefitters ............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  244 244 244 244  20.80 20.80 20.80 20.80  20.18 20.18 20.18 20.18  20.02 20.02 20.02 20.02  – – – –  20.99 20.99 20.99 20.99  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  – – – –  – – – –  22 22 22 22  60 60 60 60  1 1 1 1  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  1 1 1 1  15 15 15 15  – – – –  21.01 21.01 24.38 24.38 21.01  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Less than 0.5 percent.  3  11 18 20  3  Workers were distributed as follows: 17 percent at $25.00 and under $26.00 and 4 percent at $26.00 and under $27.00.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  13  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 9.00  – $15.13 – 15.13 – 15.69 – 15.69  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 ( ) 2 ( )  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  1 1 1 1  7 7 8 8  3 3 3 3  8 8 9 9  9 9 10 10  17 17 20 20  13 13 1 1  9 9 10 10  1 1 2 2  10 10 12 12  1 1 1 1  1 1 1 1  2 2 2 2  15 15 18 18  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2)  – – – –  Middle range  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  Forklift Operators ....................................... Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ...................................  990 990 825 825  $12.90 12.90 13.17 13.17  $12.36 12.36 11.67 11.67  $10.65 10.65 10.65 10.65  Guards Level I: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. State and local government ..................  35 63  9.08 7.81  – 7.52  – 6.15  – –  – 9.34  – –  – –  – –  17 6  – 32  6 8  – 3  3 16  34 8  9 11  14 8  6 6  3 2  – –  – –  9 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... Private industry .....................................  109 58  10.77 12.26  9.33 13.42  8.25 8.71  – –  14.06 15.01  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  9 17  – –  2 3  37 7  6 3  6 3  4 3  9 9  3 5  12 22  6 10  8 16  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Janitors ........................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................ State and local government ......................  3,970 2,940 233 233 2,707 1,030  6.09 5.77 9.84 9.84 5.43 6.98  5.62 5.00 9.02 9.02 5.00 6.91  4.50 4.35 8.45 8.45 4.25 5.78  – – – – – –  7.08 6.62 12.66 12.66 6.33 7.55  20 27 – – 30 –  11 15 – – 17 ( 2)  14 17 – – 19 6  9 5 2 2 5 22  9 8 4 4 8 11  8 7 2 2 7 13  8 6 6 6 6 13  7 3 8 8 3 18  6 5 28 28 3 8  4 2 8 8 2 9  1 1 12 12 ( 2) 1  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 2 ( ) ( 2)  1 2 25 25 – –  ( 2) ( 2) 3 3 – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  – – – – – –  Material Handling Laborers ....................... Private industry ......................................... Service-producing industries ................ Transportation and utilities ...............  339 284 173 26  11.17 11.69 7.81 12.43  8.25 8.25 7.25 –  7.00 6.98 6.50 –  – – – –  18.14 19.42 8.06 –  – – – –  1 1 2 –  3 4 6 –  1 1 1 –  8 10 16 –  11 12 20 –  10 7 9 –  12 12 20 –  9 7 10 –  8 4 4 15  3 1 1 4  1 1 – –  3 3 5 35  4 4 7 46  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  3 3 – –  24 29 – –  – – – –  – – – –  Order Fillers ................................................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  602 602 119 119 483  9.57 9.57 10.90 10.90 9.25  8.75 8.75 9.25 9.25 8.49  6.77 6.77 8.75 8.75 6.56  – – – – –  12.40 12.40 13.18 13.18 12.40  – – – – –  5 5 – – 6  2 2 – – 2  5 5 – – 6  9 9 7 7 10  5 5 3 3 5  2 2 – – 2  4 4 – – 5  23 23 36 36 20  6 6 18 18 3  2 2 8 8 ( 2)  1 1 2 2 1  31 31 – – 39  ( 2) ( 2) 1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) 3 3 –  1 1 4 4 –  1 1 3 3 –  ( 2) ( 2) 3 3 –  2 2 9 9 –  ( 2) ( 2) 3 3 –  – – – – –  – – – – –  Shipping/Receiving Clerks ........................ Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  290 289 229 229 60  11.23 11.24 11.71 11.71 9.48  10.95 10.95 10.95 10.95 10.44  8.75 8.75 9.69 9.69 7.76  – – – – –  12.25 12.25 13.22 13.22 11.25  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 7  1 1 1 1 3  2 2 – – 10  1 1 2 2 –  8 8 8 8 8  13 12 13 13 10  11 11 11 11 12  21 21 26 26 –  16 16 7 7 50  5 5 7 7 –  3 3 4 4 –  4 4 5 5 –  5 5 7 7 –  1 1 1 1 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  2 2 2 2 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – – –  4 4 5 5 –  Truckdrivers Light Truck ................................................ Private industry ..................................... Service-producing industries ............ State and local government ..................  154 128 112 26  7.00 6.86 6.36 7.70  6.70 6.35 6.25 7.81  6.25 6.25 6.25 7.06  – – – –  8.00 7.14 7.00 8.25  – – – –  – – – –  16 20 22 –  1 – – 4  30 34 38 12  6 7 8 4  18 18 21 19  3 1 1 15  14 9 10 42  5 5 – –  5 5 – 4  – – – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  Medium Truck ........................................... Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries ..............  260 256 117  9.97 9.98 10.67  10.01 10.01 10.75  8.45 8.45 10.00  – – –  10.90 10.90 11.45  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  3 4 –  – – –  10 10 10  18 18 5  12 13 9  37 37 47  9 9 9  8 8 14  – – –  – – –  2 2 5  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  – – –  2  See footnotes at end of table.  14  Table A-5. All establishments: Hourly pay of material movement and custodial occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 5.00  5.00 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 9.00  – $10.25 – 10.25 – 10.25 – 10.05  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  6 6 – –  17 19 3 –  2 2 5 8  23 22 19 7  18 18 25 18  17 16 30 52  8 6 14 –  3 2 3 7  2 2 2 9  5 5 – –  1 1 – –  – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  10.31 8.18  – –  14.15 11.17  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – 1  1 1  10 35  12 10  11 21  4 19  7 12  6 –  41 –  6 –  – –  1 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  10.63 10.76 10.00 10.14  10.30 10.30 10.00 10.00  – – – –  11.75 10.76 15.50 15.50  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  12 16 4 –  10 – 11 4  49 61 49 56  5 – 4 3  4 3 4 3  – – – –  3 – – –  14 19 27 33  2 – ( 2) –  – – 1 1  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  – – – –  10.30 10.30 10.10 10.08 12.08  9.38 9.38 9.70 9.70 8.23  – – – – –  13.86 13.86 13.86 13.86 12.28  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  – – – – –  1 1 – – 2  2 2 – – 7  2 2 – – 7  4 3 – – 9  11 10 9 10 12  25 25 36 36 6  10 9 11 11 4  4 2 2 1 1  12 12 – – 35  20 22 33 34 –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  3 4 5 5 2  5 6 1 1 14  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  – – – – –  ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) ( 2) –  1 1 1 1 –  Mean  Median  864 787 332 90  $9.30 9.23 9.74 10.08  $9.00 9.00 9.85 10.05  $8.00 7.35 8.75 9.50  98 77  12.34 9.95  13.45 10.18  Tractor Trailer: Private industry: Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries ............ Transportation and utilities ...........  118 88 880 721  11.25 11.25 11.66 12.05  Warehouse Specialists .............................. Private industry ......................................... Goods-producing industries .................. Manufacturing ................................... Service-producing industries ................  720 657 425 420 232  11.25 11.40 11.66 11.66 10.94  Heavy Truck ............................................. Private industry ..................................... Goods-producing industries .............. Manufacturing ............................... Service-producing industries: Transportation and utilities ........... State and local government ..................  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges.  2  9.00 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 and 10.00 11.00 12.00 13.00 14.00 15.00 16.00 17.00 18.00 19.00 20.00 21.00 over  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  15  Table A-6. Health services: Weekly hours and pay of professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of— 175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 1000  1000 1100  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  14 14  – –  43 43  29 29  14 14  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  $647 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  4 10  25 10  38 30  8 20  21 20  4 10  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Middle range  PROFESSIONAL OCCUPATIONS Accountants Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..............  7 7  39.6 39.6  $531 531  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..............  24 10  40.0 40.0  594 608  Level III .....................................................  24  40.0  801  Level IV ..................................................... State and local government ..............  6 6  40.0 40.0  862 862  Registered Nurses Level I .......................................................  195  40.0  590  Level II ...................................................... State and local government .............. Hospitals: State and local government ..............  2,909 1,197  40.0 40.0  708 719  1,119  40.0  723  706  640  Level III .....................................................  140  39.9  965  971  916  Buyers/Contracting Specialists Level II ......................................................  8  40.0  576  –  –  Computer Programmers Level II ......................................................  21  40.0  513  482  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..............  15 15  40.0 40.0  688 688  Computer Systems Analysts Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..............  19 19  40.0 40.0  Personnel Specialists Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..............  31 15  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..............  49 8  – – $585 –  – –  – –  – –  $539 –  – –  769  750  –  902  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  8  4  –  –  42  8  13  25  –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  17 17  – –  – –  – –  67 67  – –  17 17  581  556  –  611  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  14  50  17  8  8  –  –  –  –  –  709 703  631 640  – –  785 804  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 –  6 5  9 7  15 21  15 17  17 13  15 12  12 11  5 8  4 7  ( 3) 1  –  812  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  6  6  20  17  12  12  11  9  7  1  –  1,036  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  6  6  10  39  39  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  38  38  13  13  –  –  –  –  –  –  442  –  612  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  48  10  10  5  14  10  5  –  –  –  –  –  710 710  589 589  – –  736 736  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  27 27  7 7  7 7  40 40  7 7  13 13  – –  – –  – –  804 804  805 805  720 720  – –  880 880  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  11 11  26 26  11 11  16 16  26 26  5 5  5 5  39.9 39.8  577 656  576 658  500 576  – –  658 720  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  16 –  – –  29 7  19 27  10 13  6 13  10 20  10 20  – –  – –  – –  – –  39.9 40.0  737 770  698 –  658 –  – –  823 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  20 13  2 –  29 25  – –  16 13  24 38  – –  8 13  – –  ADMINISTRATIVE OCCUPATIONS  See footnotes at end of table.  16  Table A-6. Health services: Weekly hours and pay of professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 1000  1000 1100  TECHNICAL OCCUPATIONS Computer Operators Level II ...................................................... State and local government .............. Hospitals: State and local government .............. Licensed Practical Nurses Level II ...................................................... State and local government .............. Hospitals: State and local government .............. Nursing Assistants Level I .......................................................  37 34  40.0 40.0  $416 412  $418 403  $353 353  – –  $471 471  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  5 6  11 12  22 24  24 26  32 26  3 3  3 3  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  30  40.0  403  403  353  –  432  –  –  –  –  –  7  13  27  30  17  3  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1,187 216  39.8 40.0  455 464  445 464  404 410  – –  505 515  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  2 2  18 17  32 22  22 31  21 18  4 10  ( 3) ( 3)  2 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  190  40.0  465  465  407  –  523  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  19  18  31  20  10  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  93  39.4  231  214  195  –  270  30  26  12  13  3  16  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government .............. Hospitals: State and local government ..............  2,025 577  39.5 40.0  274 307  270 298  234 276  – –  310 340  3 –  18 –  16 9  16 5  19 36  10 11  9 19  8 18  2 1  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  463  40.0  304  289  276  –  338  –  –  10  6  40  8  16  19  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level III .....................................................  133  40.0  337  328  300  –  380  –  –  1  10  14  26  17  23  7  4  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  69 47  39.9 40.0  383 385  386 386  340 345  – –  422 431  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 –  16 17  12 11  32 32  29 34  9 6  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  31  40.0  387  395  345  –  431  –  –  –  –  –  13  16  26  39  6  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..............  35 26  39.8 39.7  421 422  412 417  395 386  – –  458 471  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  3 4  23 27  40 35  34 35  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Clerks, General Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..............  205 205  40.0 40.0  339 339  338 338  292 292  – –  395 395  – –  – –  1 1  1 1  29 29  14 14  13 13  30 30  12 12  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III ..................................................... State and local government ..............  566 511  40.0 40.0  361 367  361 369  316 316  – –  395 403  – –  – –  – –  1 –  3 ( 3)  31 29  11 12  31 33  22 24  2 2  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Key Entry Operators Level I .......................................................  44  40.0  347  317  282  –  397  –  –  2  11  18  23  5  18  9  14  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  CLERICAL OCCUPATIONS Clerks, Accounting Level II ...................................................... State and local government .............. Hospitals: State and local government ..............  See footnotes at end of table.  17  Table A-6. Health services: Weekly hours and pay of professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 — Continued  Occupation and level  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (standard)  Weekly pay (in dollars)2  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time weekly pay (in dollars) of—  Middle range  175 and under 200  200 225  225 250  250 275  275 300  300 325  325 350  350 400  400 450  450 500  500 550  550 600  600 650  650 700  700 750  750 800  800 850  850 900  900 1000  1000 1100  Secretaries Level I ....................................................... State and local government ..............  31 30  39.8 39.8  $342 344  $353 355  $301 318  – –  $382 382  – –  – –  – –  13 13  10 7  16 17  6 7  48 50  6 7  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level II ...................................................... State and local government ..............  114 46  39.9 39.8  429 449  418 471  403 422  – –  471 482  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  1 2  20 11  46 28  29 54  4 4  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  Level III .....................................................  56  39.9  489  506  438  –  525  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  2  27  20  45  2  5  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  Switchboard Operator-Receptionists .......  61  39.6  280  275  250  –  309  –  5  18  31  7  30  7  3  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and  methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 3 Less than 0.5 percent. NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  18  Table A-7. Health services: Hourly pay of maintenance, toolroom, material movement, and custodial occupations, Richmond-Petersburg, VA, August 1995 Hourly pay (in dollars)1 Occupation and level  Number of workers  Mean  Median  Percent of workers receiving straight-time hourly pay (in dollars) of— 4.25 and under 4.50  4.50 4.75  4.75 5.00  5.00 5.25  5.25 5.50  5.50 6.00  6.00 6.50  6.50 7.00  7.00 7.50  7.50 8.00  8.00 8.50  8.50 9.00  9.00 9.50  – $11.68 – 10.76  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  11 –  – –  2 5  9 15  9 15  4 10  9 25  29 20  2 –  13 5  11 –  2 5  – –  – –  Middle range  9.50 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 and 10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 13.50 14.00 over  MAINTENANCE AND TOOLROOM OCCUPATIONS General Maintenance Workers .................. State and local government ..................  55 20  $10.26 10.04  $10.71 10.31  $9.38 9.10  – –  Maintenance Electricians ...........................  8  14.54  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  25  69  7.07  6.96  6.44  –  7.82  –  –  –  6  –  6  26  13  10  19  10  4  4  1  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  3  2  75  MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL OCCUPATIONS Guards Level I ....................................................... Janitors ........................................................ State and local government .................. Hospitals: State and local government ..................  683 256  6.40 6.52  6.04 6.24  5.50 5.53  – –  7.28 7.55  ( ) –  1 –  1 –  12 ( 3)  9 7  24 38  11 8  9 11  10 9  10 18  3 7  6 2  3 –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  – –  236  6.43  6.09  5.53  –  7.46  –  –  –  ( 3)  8  40  8  11  10  18  6  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  –  1 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are performance bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases, but not bonuses, under cost-of-living clauses, and incentive payments, however, are included. See Appendix A for definitions and methods used to compute means, medians, and middle ranges. 2 Workers were distributed as follows: 63 percent at $14.00 and under $15.00 and 13 percent at $15.00 and under $16.00.  3  Less than 0.5 percent.  NOTE: Because of rounding, sums of individual intervals may not equal 100 percent. Dashes indicate that no data were reported or that data did not meet publication criteria. Overall occupation or occupational levels may include data for categories not shown separately.  19  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  Scope This survey of the Richmond—Petersburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area covered establishments employing 50 workers or more in goods producing industries (mining, construction, and manufacturing); service producing industries (transportation, communications, electric, gas, and sanitary services; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services industries, including health services); and State and local governments. 1 Private households, agriculture, the Federal Government, and the self-employed were excluded from the survey. Table 1 in this appendix shows the estimated number of establishments and workers within scope of the survey and the number actually included in the survey sample.  administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations. In other words, the larger the number of employees expected to be found in designated occupations, the larger the establishment sample in that stratum. An upward adjustment to the establishment sample size also was made in strata expected to have relatively high sampling error for certain occupations, based on previous survey experiences. (See section on "Reliability of estimates" below for discussion of sampling error.) Data collection and payroll reference Data for the survey were obtained primarily by personal visits of the Bureau's field economists to a sample of establishments within the Richmond–Petersburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area. Collection for the survey was from June 1995 through September 1995 and reflects an average payroll reference month of August 1995. Data obtained for a payroll period prior to the end of August 1995 were updated to include general wage changes, if granted, scheduled to be effective through that date.  Sampling frame The list of establishments from which the survey sample was selected (the sampling frame) was developed from the State unemployment insurance reports for the Richmond–Petersburg, VA Metropolitan Statistical Area (August 1991). Establishments with 50 workers or more during the sampling frame's reference period were included in the survey sample even if they employed fewer than 50 workers at the time of the survey. The sampling frame was reviewed for completeness and accuracy prior to the survey and, when necessary, corrections were made: Missing establishments were added; out-of-business and out-of-scope establishments were removed; and addresses, employment levels, industry classification, and other information were updated.  Occupational Pay Occupational pay data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Pay data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Also excluded are bonuses and lump-sum payments of the type negotiated in the auto and aerospace industries, as well as profit-sharing payments, attendance bonuses, Christmas or year-end bonuses, and other nonproduction bonuses. Pay increases—but not bonuses—under cost-ofliving allowance clauses and incentive payments, however, are included in the pay data. Unless otherwise indicated, the pay data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Pay data for some of the occupations for all industries combined (or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey) are not presented in the A-series tables because either (1) data did not provide statistically  Survey design The survey design includes classifying individual establishments into groups (strata) based on industry and employment size, determining the size of the sample for each group (stratum), and selecting an establishment sample from each stratum. The establishment sample size in a stratum was determined by expected number of employees to be found (based on previous occupational pay surveys) in professional, A-1  adjusted to account for the missing data. The weights for establishments which were out of business or outside the scope of the survey were changed to zero. Some sampled establishments had a policy of not disclosing salary data for certain employees. No adjustments were made to pay estimates for the survey as a result of these missing data which affected one of the occupational work levels published in this bulletin. The proportion of employees for whom pay data were not available was less than 5 percent. The one job was Attorneys II (5.9 percent).  reliable results, or (2) there was the possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Pay data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Average pay reflect areawide estimates. Industries and establishments differ in pay levels and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates for each job. Therefore, average pay may not reflect the pay differential among jobs within individual establishments. A-series tables provide distributions of workers by pay intervals The mean is computed for each job by totaling the pay of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—one-half of the workers receive the same as or more and one-half receive the same as or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same as or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same as or more than the higher rate. Medians and middle ranges are not provided when they do not meet reliability criteria. Occupations surveyed are common to a variety of public and private industries, and were selected from the following employment groups: (1) Professional and administrative; (2) technical and protective service; (3) clerical; (4) maintenance and toolroom; and (5) material movement and custodial. Occupational classification was based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B, along with corresponding occupational codes and titles from the 1980 edition of the Standard Occupational Classification Manual. Job descriptions used to classify employees in this survey usually are more generalized than those used in individual establishments to allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Average weekly hours for professional, administrative, technical, protective service, and clerical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest tenth of an hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time pay. Average weekly pay for these occupations are rounded to the nearest dollar. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.  Reliability of estimates The data in this bulletin are estimates from a scientifically selected probability sample. There are two types of errors possible in an estimate based on a sample survey—sampling and nonsampling. Sampling errors occur because observations come only from a sample, not the entire population. The particular sample used in this survey is one of a number of all possible samples of the same size that could have been selected using the sample design. Estimates derived from the different samples would differ from each other. A measure of the variation among these differing estimates is called the standard error or sampling error. It indicates the precision with which an estimate from a particular sample approximates the average result of all possible samples. The relative standard error (RSE) is the standard error divided by the estimate. For example, if the estimated average weekly salary of Secretaries Level IV is $500 and the standard error is $8, the RSE is 1.6 percent, or $8/$500x100 = 1.6%. Estimates of relative standard errors for this survey vary among the occupational work levels depending on such factors as the frequency with which the job occurs, the dispersion of salaries for the job, and the survey design. The distribution of published work levels for one relative standard error was as follows:  Relative standard error Less than 1 percent 1 and under 3 percent 3 and under 5 percent 5 percent and over  Survey nonresponse Data were not available from 12.4 percent of the sample establishments (representing 43,506 employees covered by the survey). An additional 4.8 percent of the sample establishments (representing 8,041 employees) were either out of business or outside the scope of the survey. If data were not provided by a sample member, the weights (based on the probability of selection in the sample) of responding sample establishments were  Percent of published occupational work levels 15.0 54.0 24.8 6.2  The standard error can be used to calculate a "confidence interval" around a sample estimate. For example, a 95 percent confidence interval is centered at the sample estimate and includes all values within 2 times the estimate's standard error. If all possible samples were selected to estimate the population value, the interval from each sample would include the true population value approximately 95 percent of the time. A-2  matching company jobs to survey occupations. Once identified, the problems are discussed promptly with the field economists while the data are still being collected. Subsequently, the JMV results are tallied, reported to BLS staff, and become the basis for remedial action for future surveys. Approximately 4 percent of the 474 sampled job match decisions reviewed by the JMV reviewers and checked with the respondents were subsequently changed by the JMV reviewers. These results are from a similar survey conducted in 1994, see Occupational Compensation Survey: Pay Only, Richmond—Petersburg, VA, BLS Bulletin 3075-52.  Using the RSE example above, there is 95 percent confidence that the true population value for Secretaries Level IV is between $484 and $516 (i.e., $500 plus or minus 2 x $8). Nonsampling errors can stem from many sources, such as inability to obtain information from some establishments; difficulties with survey definitions; inability of respondents to provide correct information; mistakes in recording or coding the data obtained; and other errors of collection, response, coverage, and estimation of missing data. Although not specifically measured, the survey's nonsampling errors are expected to be minimal due to the high response rate, the extensive and continuous training of field economists who gather survey data by personal visit, careful screening of data at several levels of review, annual evaluation of the suitability of job definitions, and thorough field testing of new or revised job definitions. To measure and better control nonsampling errors that occur during data collection, a quality control procedure was applied to the survey design. The procedure, job match validation (JMV), is designed to identify the frequency, reasons for, and sources of incorrect decisions made by Bureau field economists in  1 For this survey, an establishment is an economic unit which produces goods or services, a central administrative office, or an auxiliary unit providing support services to a company. In manufacturing industries, the establishment is usually at a single physical location. In service-producing industries, all locations of an individual company in a Metropolitan Statistical Area are usually considered an establishment. In government, an establishment is defined as all locations of a government entity.  A-3  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Richmond-Petersburg, VA1, August 1995 Number of establishments Industry  division2  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied Number  Percent  All divisions .........................................................................................  1,004  286  307,785  100  176,473  Private industry ............................................................................. Goods producing .................................................................... Manufacturing ................................................................... Mining5 .............................................................................. Construction5 .................................................................... Service producing ................................................................... Transportation, communication, electric, gas, and sanitary services7 ....................................................... Wholesale trade8 .............................................................. Retail trade8 ...................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate8 ................................ Services8 ..........................................................................  959 271 209 8 54 688  255 80 63 4 13 175  242,960 61,207 54,721 733 5,753 181,753  79 20 18 ( 6) 2 59  114,004 36,880 35,087 501 1,292 77,124  76 46 165 92 309  27 13 15 22 98  17,347 7,742 50,239 33,356 73,069  6 3 16 11 24  11,107 4,658 13,253 15,712 32,394  State and local government ..........................................................  45  31  64,825  21  62,469  88 81 7 20 17 3  34 27 7 12 9 3  32,406 23,062 9,344 21,757 13,836 7,921  11 7 3 7 4 3  18,669 9,325 9,344 14,105 6,184 7,921  Health  services9  ............................................................................ Private industry ................................................................. State and local government .............................................. Hospitals ................................................................................. Private industry ................................................................. State and local government ..............................................  1 The Richmond-Petersburg Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through October 1984, consists of the cities of Colonial Heights, Hopewell, Petersburg, and Richmond, and the counties of Charles City, Chesterfield, Dinwiddie, Goochland, Hanover, Henrico, New Kent, Powhatan, and Prince George. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) establishments employing fewer than 50 workers are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used in classifying establishments by industry. 3 Includes all establishments with at least 50 total employees. In goods producing, an establishment is defined as a single physical location where industrial operations are performed. In service producing industries, an establishment is defined as all locations of a company in the area within the same industry division. In government, an establishment is generally defined  as all locations of a government entity. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within an area) at or above the minimum limitations. 5 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "goods producing" estimates. 6 Less than 0.5 percent. 7 Abbreviated to "Transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. This division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 8 Separate data for this division are not shown in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the "all industries" and "service producing" estimates. 9 Health services includes establishments primarily engaged in furnishing medical, surgical, and other health services to persons. Note: Overall industries may include data for industry divisions not shown separately.  A-4
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102