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EMPLOYMENT
and EARNINGS
including THE MONTHLY REPORT
ON THE LABOR FORCE
Vol. 7
Data formerly published by the
Bureau of the Census in The
Monthly Report on the Labor
Force (Series P-57) are shown
in Section A.

August 1960

No. 2

DIVISION OF MANPOWER AND EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS
Harold Goldstein, Chief

CONTENTS

Page

Employment and Unemployment Highlights—July I960

NEW AREA SERIES...
The employment series for Erie and

iii

STATISTICAL TABLES
Section A—Labor Force, Employment, and Unemployment

York, Pennsylvania, formerly limited to
manufacturing, now cover all nonagricultural industry divisions, as shown
in table B-8.
Manufacturing labor turnover rates
for Chattanooga, Tennessee, are now included in table D-l*.

Employment Status
A- 1: Employment status of the noninstitutional population, 1929 to date
A- 2: Qnployment status of the noninstitutional population, by sex, 191*0,
19hh, and 19hl to date
A- 3: Employment status of the noninstitutional population, by age and sex....
A- 1*: Employment status of male veterans of World War II in the civilian
noninstitutional population
A- £: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, by
marital status and sex
••
....
A- 6: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, by
color and sex
•••••••••••••••••
A- 7: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, total
and urban, by region.
•
••••»••

1
2
3
3
h
h
5

Class of Worker, Occupation
A- 8: Employed persons
A- 9: Employed persons
and pay status
A-10: Occupation group
A-ll: Major occupation

by type of industry, class of worker, and sex
with a job but not at work, by reason for not working

5

of employed persons, by sex
group of employed persons, by color and sex

5
6
6

Unemployment
A-12: Unemployed persons, by duration of unemployment.•.•••••
••
A-13: Unemployed persons, by major occupation group and industry group
A-ll*: Persons unemployed 15 weeks and over, by selected characteristics.

•«

7
7
8

Hours of Work
A-15>: Persons at work, by hours worked, type of industry, and class of worker.
A-16: Persons employed in nonagricultural industries, by full-time or
part-time status and reason for part time
A-17: Wage and salary workers, by full-time or part-time status and major
Indus try group
•
A-18: Persons at work, by full-time or part-time status and major occupation
group
••••
A-19* Persons at work in nonagricultural industries, by full-time or
part-time status and selected characteristics
For sale by the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D.C.
Subscription price: $3.50 a year;
$1.50 additional for foreign mailing. Price U5 cents a copy.




Continued on following page.

9
9
9
10
10

EMPLOYMENT
and EARNINGS
Including THE MONTHLY REPORT
ON THE LABOR FORCE

The national industry employment,
hours, and earnings data shown
in Sections B and C have been
adjusted to first quarter 1957
benchmark levels.




CONTENTS-Continued
Page

Section B—Payroll Employment, by Industry
National Data
B-l« Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry division, 1919
to date
•

11

B-2: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry
B~3: Federal military personnel
•
•
B-Ut Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry division
and selected groups, seasonally adjusted.
B-5: Employees in private and Government shipyards, by region
B-6J Women employees in manufacturing, by industry 1/
•
•

12
16
17
17
18

State and Area Data
B-7» Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry division and
State
B-8: Employees in nonagricultural establishments for selected areas, by
industry division

20
23

Section C—Industry Hours and Earnings
National Data
C-li Gross hours and earnings of production workers in manufacturing,
1919 to date
C-2: Gross hours and earnings of production workers in manufacturing, by
major industry group
•
C-3* Average weekly overtime hours and average hourly earnings excluding overtime of production workers in manufacturing, by major industry group....,
C-U: Indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours and payrolls in industrial and
construction activities.•
•
C-5: Average weekly hours, seasonally adjusted, of production workers in
selected industries
C-6: Gross hours and earnings of production workers, by industry
C-7* Gross and spendable earnings in industrial and construction activities,
in current and 19U7-U9 dollars

29
30
30
31
31
32
38

State and Area Data
C-8: Gross hours and earnings of production workers in manufacturing, by State
and selected areas
•
39

Section D—Labor Turnover
National Data
D-l: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing, 1951 to date
D-2: Labor turnover r a t e s , by industry
D-3: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing, by sex and major industry group l / .

k3
kh
U6

State and Area Data
D-U* Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas

Explanatory Notes
BLS Regional Offices
State Cooperating Agencies

I4.7
1Jg
lws

I n s i d e back cover

1 / Quarterly data included in the February, May, August, and November i s s u e s .

EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT
HIGHLIGHTS

July I960

THE MONTHLY REPORT ON THE LABOR FORCE: JULY I960

Changes in employment and unemployment were on the whole seasonal
between June and July. However, employment in construction picked up more
than seasonally and there were continued job cutbacks in the steel industry.
Unemployment dropped by 400, 000 over the month to 4. 0 million in July.
The reduction was about usual for this period and the seasonally adjusted rate
of unemployment of 5. 4 percent was not significantly different from the 5. 5percent rate of the month before. Unemployment among teenagers dropped
sharply as many of the youngsters who sought work in June found jobs by July.
Unemployment among adults, however, rose moderately for the second month
with job cuts in durable goods industries, mainly autos and steel. State insured
unemployment, which does not include new entrants into the job market, rose by
nearly 150, 000 from mid-June to 1. 7 million in mid-July. This increase was
somewhat more than seasonal.
The number of persons unemployed 15 weeks or longer was unchanged over
the month at 800, 000 and was about the same as a year ago.
Total employment, at 68. 7 million, continued at a record high, but was
not substantially changed from June. Total nonagricultural employment, including the self-employed, domestics, and unpaid family workers, was 61. 8 million
in July, also approximately the same as a month earlier. At the same time, the
number of workers on nonfarm payrolls dropped by 365, 000 over the month to 53. 2
million largely as a result of vacation-taking by workers who did not receive pay
for the period and were therefore not included in the payroll count. (The figure
on total nonagricultural employment based on the household survey includes
workers on vacation from a job whether or not they are paid.)
Nonfarm Payroll Employment
The July decline in nonfarm payroll employment was about usual for this
time of year, although there were contrasting developments in several industries.
Employment in the construction industry rose by 120, 000 over the month, a
comparatively large June to July increase. On the other hand, durable goods
industries reported a drop of 170, 000 jobs.
There was a cutback of 40, 000 workers in the primary metals industry—
the fifth successive monthly decline. The contraction in steel operations also
brought job reductions in some other industries. Mining employment dropped
more than seasonally as some coal mines which observed their customary
vacation closedown around the end of June did not reopen in mid-July for lack
of demand from steel mills. In addition, transportation employment (both in
railroads and in trucking) dropped off by 25, 000*partly as a result of these developments.
Automobile employment also fell in July, in part because manufacturers
started to trim auto inventories in anticipation of an early model changeover. In
addition, operations at some plants were hindered by material shortages resulting from a strike at a supplier plant.
Declines in a number of manufacturing industries reflected vacation^
taking without pay by some workers. However, chiefly because of the developments
in steel and autos, the 160, 000 reduction in all factory jobs between June and July
to 16. 3 million was greater than usual.




iii

TRENDS IN EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT
Actual and Seasonally Adjusted
January 1949 to Date

MILLIONS
OF PERSONS
70

1

1

l

MILLIONS
OF PERSONS

7

70

Total Civilian Employme:nt

r

68

A

66

fa

SEASO•NALLY
ADJUSTED \

64

62

k

60

ilk

k

3

nV 1

66
64
62
60

1 ' ^ACl fUAL

58

68

58

56

1 Data adjusted to new definitions adopted in January 1957 1

56
0
7

U nemployment
TOTAL_
ACTUAL

6

SEASONALLY
ADJUSTED

n
_L

I

Data adjusted to new definitions adopted in January 1957

1949

1950

1951

1952

1953

1954

1955

1956

1957

1958

I

1959

1960

Insured under following programs: State unemployment insurance, unemployment compensation for Federal employees, veterans, ex-servicemen,
railroad workers (RftB). and temporary programs^ (Through June 1959)
Beginning in January 1960




data include Alaska and Hawaii

Other employment changes were mainly connected with the season.
The
largest change, a drop of 270,000 government employees, was due mainly to
the reduction in school system employment during the summer recess.
Over the year, employment was up in State and local governments
(300,000), wholesale and retail trade (260,000), service (120,000), and finance (50,000).
Manufacturing employment, however, was down by 160,000
(mainly in steel and aircraft); mining, and transportation and public utilities
were down by 50,000 and 20,000 respectively.
Factory Hours and Earnings
The factory workweek dipped by 0, 2 hours to 39. 8 hours in July.
The
decline was about normal for this period, and the seasonally adjusted level consequently showed no change. (See table C-5.) The transportation equipment industry reported one of the larger declines (0.6 hours), the result of a drop in
auto production. An increase of 0. 3 hours in the primary metals industry did
not reflect a longer workweek, since many workers previously on short time
were on vacations and were paid for 40 hours.
As a result of the decline in the factory workweek, earnings of production workers edged off by 46 cents over the month to $91. 14 per week.
Hourly
earnings remained unchanged at $2. 29.
Weekly earnings were $1.49 higher than a year ago, reflecting a 6-cent
rise in hourly earnings over the year.
The workweek, however, was 0. 4 hours
less.
Total Labor Force
The total labor force, including the Armed Forces as well as all civilian workers, dipped by 300,000 over the month to 75.2 million in July. All of
the reduction occurred among adult women, a group which usually declines
slightly at this time of year when teachers leave the labor force for the summer.
(Only those with contracts to return to work in the fall are counted as
employed. ) In most years, there are also reductions among women in the
farm work force in July, but farm operations have been delayed this year because of bad weather in early spring.
The number of teenagers in the labor force (8-1/4 million) was virtually
unchanged over the month, in contrast to a seasonally expected increase of
about 400,000.
This year, partly because of the lateness of the June survey
week, much of the labor force increase expected among school-age youngsters
in July had already been reflected in the June figures.
For the last 4 months, the labor force has shown an average growth
of about 1 million from the corresponding 1959 levels.
(This comparison
allows for the inclusion of Alaska and Hawaii in this year1 s figures. ) During
I960, this growth has been rather uneven, and in the 1st quarter the gain from
1959 averaged only about 300,000.
Total and part-time employment
Total employment was virtually unchanged over the month at 68. 7
million, after reaching an all-time record level in June. Both farm and nonfarm employment were about stable at 6.9 million and 61.8 million respectively.
About 600,000 additional teenagers were employed in nonfarm jobs in
July. At the same time, there was a reduction of an almost equal number of
adult workers--mostly school employees but also some men from hard goods
manufacturing industries.




EMPLOYEES IN NONAGRICULTURAL ESTABLISHMENTS
Seasonally Adjusted
MILLIONS

MILLIONS

13

13
Trade

12

12

n

11

10

10

9

9

8

8
7

7
Nondurable Goods Manufacturing
State and Local Government
I
X

6

6
5

5
Mining, Transportation,
and Public Utilities

4

4

Construction

3

3

2

2
O
1953

1954

1955

1956

1957

1958

1959

I960

1961

UNEMPLOYED MEN AND WOMEN 20 YEARS AND OVER
Seasonally Adjusted: April 1948 to Date
THOUSANDS

*

4,500

Data Adjusted to New Definitions Adopted in January 1957

1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962




Beginning in January 1960. data include Alaska and Hawaii.

Nonfarm employment continued at an all-time record in July, 800, 000
above a year earlier. All of the growth over the year was recorded among women,
Farm employment was as high as a year ago, but there had been a further drop of
about 200, 000 in the number of farm self-employed.
As usual, the number of nonfarm employees on vacation reached a peak
in July, rising by more than 3 million over the month to about 5-1/2 million.
The great majority of these workers—over 80 percent—were paid by their
employers for all or part of the time off. The proportion on paid vacations was
about the same as in July 1959. Altogether, there were about 1 million employees
on unpaid vacations in July, up sharply from June, but only slightly higher than
in July 1959.
The number of regular full-time workers on part time because of slack
work and other economic factors (including the start of new jobs during the
survey week) was 1.1 million in July as compared with 1. 4 million in June and
900, 000 a year ago. Since April, this total on reduced workweeks because of
economic reasons has| averaged higher than in 1959; most of the increase has
been among factory workers. In the spring and early summer of 1959, when
durable goods production was being accelerated in anticipation of the steel strike,
there was less part time and more overtime.
Characteristics of the Unemployed
Duration of Unemployment. The number unemployed less than 5 weeks
(representing new spells of unemployment) fell sharply in July, dropping by
800, 000 from its unusually high June level to 1. 9 million. After allowance for
seasonal changes, the number of short-term unemployed was about the same in
July as in May and in most other months this year.
On the other hand, the number unemployed 5 to 10 weeks rose by 350, 000
in July. This increase was greater than usual, reflecting the especially large
influx of new jobseekers in June and ttie inability of some to find jobs within
a month. Long-term unemployment (15 weeks\and over) remained unchanged over
the month at 800, 000, and was about the same as a year ago.
Age, Sex, and Marital Status. Unemployment among teenagers fell sharply
by 550, 000 to 1. 0 million, following the abnormally large increase in June. These
young persons accounted for onerthird of the unemployed in June but only oneEourth in July. Teenagers entering the labor force this summer appear to be
finding jobs at about the same rate as a year ago. About 13 percent of those in
the labor market were unemployed in July I960, the same proportion as in
July 1959.
On a seasonally adjusted basis, the number of unemployed teenagers in
July was slightly below the number in May before their unusually large influx
into the labor market began. On the other hand, the number of unemployed men
and women 20 and over has risen moderately over the last 2 months whereas
little change is normally expected for this time of year.(See chart on page vi.)
As in June, the unemployment rate among married men was slightly higher than
a year earlier.




vii

UNEMPLOYMENT RATES
JANUARY-JULY 1959 AND 1960
Percent of Labor Force

Percent of Labor Force

Wage and Salary Workers •
in Nonfarm Industries

9

Durable Goods Manufacturing Industries"
,1959

.1959

\ 1960
•

^

1960

PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT FOR ECONOMIC REASONS
JANUARY-JULY 1959 AND 1960

Percent of Those at Work

-Wage and Salary Workers in Nonfarm Industries

Percent of Those at Work

Durable Goods Manufacturing Industries

,1959

1960

Jan.

Feb.




Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

Apr.

May

June

July

Note: Nationwide steel strike began in the middle of the July 1959 survey week.

Unemployment among Married Men
Number
(Thousands)
Month
1960
January
February
March
April
May
June
July

1959

1,540
1,440
1,612
1,271
1, 108
1, 104
1, 182

1,899
1,936
1,665
1,213
1,058
958
1,055

Rate
(Percent of married men
in labor force)

I960
4.3
4.0
4.5
3.5
3. 1
3.1
3.3

1959
5.3
5.4
4.7
3.4
3.0
2.7
2.9

NOTE: Nationwide steel strike began on July 15, 1959.
Industry Attachment of Last Job. Most of the 400,000 drop in unemployment occurred among young job-seekers with no previous work experience.
These new workers number 650, 00O among the unemployed in July, as compared
with 1 million a month ago. Unemployment also declined among young workers
whose previous job experience was in trade or service.
At the same time, the
number of unemployed factory workers edged up over the month, largely as a
result of cutbacks in steel and autos.
Unemployed new workers totaled about the same as a year earlier.
The
unemployment rate was slightly higher than a year earlier among experienced
workers, but was substantially higher for hard-goods manufacturing workers.
Within that sector, the unemployment rate in the primary metals industry was
twice as high as a year ago, after having doubled over the last 2 months.

ix
561163

O - 6 0 - 2




Table A t : Employment status of the ranmstititioial popalation
1929 to date

Year and month

Total
noninstitutional
population1

(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)
Total labor force i
:
Civilian labor force
eluding Armed Forces
Employed 1
Percent
Nonagriof
cultural
Agrinoninsti
indusculture
tutional
tries
popule
tion

Not
seasonally
ad juste-

Seasonally

Not in
labor
force

adjustei

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

49,440
50,080
50,680
51,250
51,840

49,180
49,820
50,420
51,000
51,590

47,630
45,480
42,toO
38,940
38,760

10,450
10,31*0
10,290
10,170
10,090

37,180
35,140
32,110
28,770
28,670

1,550
4,340
8,020
12,060
12,830

(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)
(2)

52,490
53,140
53,7^
54,320
54,950

52,230
52,870
53,440
54,000
54,610

40,890
42,260
44,410
1*6,300
44,220

9,900
10,110
10,000
9,820
9,690

30,990
32,150
34,410
36,480
34,530

11,340
10,610
9,030
7,700
10,390

3.2
8.7
15.9
23.6
24.9
21.7
20.1
16.9
14.3
19.0

(2)
100,380
101,520
102,610
103,660

55,600
56,180
57,530
60,380
64,560

55,230
55,61*0
55,910
56,4io
55,540

45,750
47,520
50,350
53,750
54,470

9,610
9,100
9,250
9,080

36,l4o
37,980
41,250
44,500
45,390

9,480
8,120
5,560
2,660
1,070

17.2
14.6
9-9
4.7
1.9

104,630
105,520
106,520
107,608
108,632

66,oho
65,290
60,970
61,758
62,898

54,630
53,860
57,520
60,168
61,442

53,9^0
52,820
55,250
57,812
59,117

8,950
8,580
8,320
8,256
7,960

45,010
44,240
46,930
49,557
51,156

1.2
1.9
3.9
3.9
3.8

45,550
45,850
45,733

109,773
110,929
112,075
113,270
115,09^

63,721
64,749
65,983
66,^60
67,362

62,105
63,099
62,884
62,966
63,815

58,423
59,748
60,784
61,035
61,945

8,017
7,497
7,048
6,792
6,555

5O,4o6
52,251
53,736
54,243
55,390

670
1,040
2,270
2,356
2,325
3,682
3,351
2,099
1,932
1,870

5-9
5.3
3.3
3.1
2.9

46,051
46,181
1*6,092
46,710
47,732

116,219
117,388
118,734
120,445
121,950

67,818
66,896
70,387
70,744
71,284

64,468
65,848
67,530
67,9^
68,647

60,890
62,944
64,708
65,011
63,966

6,495
6,718
6,572
6,222
5,844

54,395
56,225
58,135
58,789
58,122

3,578
2,904
2,822
2,936
4,681

5.6
4.4
4.2
4.3
6.8

48,4oi
48,492
48,348
49,699
50,666

58.3

69,39k

65,581

5,836

59,745

3,813

1929
1930
1931
1932
1933
1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
19to...
19^1
1942
19*6
1944
19^5.
1946
1947
1948.
1949
1950
1951
1952
1953 5
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958

123,366

195?

Unemployedl
Percent of
labor force

,

19$9* July
August...,
September,
October..,
November.,
December.,
I960:* January..,
February.,
March
April
May
June
July.....,

9,5^

(2)

(2)
44,200
43,990
42,230
39,ioo
38,590
40,230

51,420

123,1*22
123,54?
123,659
123,785
123,°08
124,034

73,875
73,204
72,109
72,629
71,839
71,808

$9.9
59.3
5Q.3
58.7
58.0
57.9

71,338
70,667
6?,577
70,103
69,310
69,276

67,594
67,241
66,347
66,831
65,640
65,699

6,825
6,357
6,2*2
6,124
5,601
4,811

60,769
60,884
60,105
60,707
60,040
60,888

3,7hk
3,426
3,230
3,272
3,670
3,577

h. 8
4.6
4.7
$.3
5.2

5.4
5.6

5.9
$$

6.0

49,547
50,345
5i,55o
51,155
52,068
52,225

12k,606
124,716
124,839
124,917
125,033
125,162

70,689
70,970
70,993
72,331
73,171
75,1*99

56.7
56.9
$6.9
Si.9
60.3

68,168
68,440
68,473
69,819
70,667
73,002

4,611
4,619
4,565
$,393
$,31
$*
6,856

59,409
59,901
59,702
60,765
61,371
61,722

3,931
4,206
3,660
3,459
4,423

6.1
5.7
6.1
5.2
4.9
6.1

5.2
4.8
5.4
5.0
k.9
$.$

53,917
53,746
53,845
52,587
51,862
49,663

75,215

60.0

72,706

64,020
64,520
64,267
66,159
67,208
68,579
68,689

6,885

61,805

4,017

5.4

50,074

125,288

58.5

5.1

*Data for 1947-56 adjusted to reflect changes in the definition of employment and unemployment adopted in January 1957. Two
jroups averaging about one-quarter million workers which were formerly classified as employed (with a job but not at work)—those on
emporary layoff and those waiting to start new wage and salary jobs within 30 days—were assigned to different classifications,
ostly to the unemployed. Data by sex, shown in table A-2, were adjusted for the years 1948-56.
2
Not available.
3
Beginning 1953, labor force and employment figures are not strictly comparable with previous years as a result of the introducion of material from the 1950 Census into the estimating procedure. Population levels were raised by about 600,000; labor force,
otal employment, and agricultural employment by about 350,000, primarily affecting the figures for total and males. Other categoies were relatively unaffected.
4
Data for 1960 include•Alaska and Hawaii and are therefore not strictly comparable with previous years. This inclusion has resulted in an increase of about half a million in the noninstitutional population 14 years of age and over, and about 300,000 in the
.abor force, four-fifths of this in nonagricultural employment. The levels of other labor force categories were not appreciably
changed.




Historical Employment Status
Table A-2: Employment status of the noninstitutional population, by sex

Sex, year, and month

Total
noninstitutional
population

(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)
Total labor force inCivilian labor force
cluding Armed Forces
Employed1
Percent
of
NonagrinoninstiAgricultural
Number
tutional
culture
induspopulatries
tion

Unemployed1
Percent of
labor force
Not

season- Seasonally
ally
adjusted adjusted

Not in
labor
force

MALE

35,550
35,110
41,677
42,268
41,473
42,162
42,362
42,237
42,966
42,165
43,152
43,999
43,990
43,042

8,450
7,020
6,953
6,623
6,629
6,271
5,791
5,623
5,496
5,429
5,479
5,268
5,037
4,802
k,lh9

27,100
28,090
34,725
35,645
34,844
35,891
36,571
36,614
37,470
36,736
37,673
38,731
38,952
38,24o
3953UO

5,930
350
1,595
1,590
2,602
2,280
1,250
1,217
1,228
2,372
1,889
1,757
1,893
3,155
2,473

45,863
45,587
Wi, 588

5,369
5,050
h,82h
U,782
U,526
4,128

hO,k93
1*0,537
39,761;
39,762
39,337
39,71*1*

2,315
2,138
2,022
2,007
2,370
2,1*05

U.8
4.5
k.3
k.3'
5.1
5.2

U.9
5.3
^.6
5.8
6.0
5.2

9,W*U
9,956
11,113
n,233
11,601;
11,612

U3,1O3
U3,328
l»3,0li8
Wi,l);9
liU,68l
U5,788

3,995
14,009
U,oio
U,575
h,7U9
5,325

39,108
39,319
39,038
39,574
39,932
40,462

2,821
2,672
2,910
2,1*31
2,181;
2,696

6.1
5.8
6.3
5.2
U.7
5.6

5.1
U.6
5.3
U.8
4.8
5.2

12,251
12,223
12,319
11,730
11,506
9,951

U6,O17

$,399

U0,6l7

2,501;

5.2

5.3

9,958

11,970
18,850
15,349
16,848
16,947
17,584
18,421
18,798
10,979
18,724
19,790
20,707
21,021
20,924
21,492

1,090
1,930
1,314
1,338
1,386
1,226
1,257
1,170
1,061
1,067
1,239
1,306
1,184
1,042
1,087

10,880
16,920
15,036
15,510
15,561
16,358
17,164
17,628
17,918
17,657
18,551
19,4oi
19,837
19,082
20,405

15.5
1.7
3.2
4.1
6.0
5.8
4.4
3.7
3.3
6.1
4.9
4.9
4.7
6.8
5.9

21,731

1,455
1,307
1,1*18
1,31*3
1,071*
683

20,276
20,347
2O,3U
20,9h$
20,703
21,01*1;

2,190
320
547
735
1,083
1,073
851
715
642
1,207
1,016
1,067
1,043
1,526
1,340
1,1*29
1,288
1,209
1,265
1,301
1,172

615
610

1,328
1,258
1,296
1,229
1,276
1,727

6.0
5.6

819
1,088
1,531

20,301
20,582
20,661;
21,191
21,1*39
21,260

5.1*
7.0

5.
5.7
5.6
6.U
5.8
6.1
55
5.3
5.8
5.U
5.2
5.9

1,U85

21,187

1,513

6.3

5.6

50,080
51,980
53,085
53,513
54,028
54,526
5^,996
55,503
5^,53^
57,016
57,484
58,044
58,813
59,^78
60,100

42,020
46,670
44,844
45,300
45,674
46,069
te,6jk
47,001
47,692
4 7 ,84 7
48,054
48,579
48,649
48,802
U9,O8l

83-9

August.••.
September.
October...
November. •
December..

60,128
60,186
60,222
60,278
60,333
60,389

50,684
50,230
1*9,110
U9,Ol;5
1*8,729
1*8,778

81*.3
83.5
81.5
81.1;
80.8
80.8

January..«
February.,
March
April
May
June

60,661;
60,710
60,763
60,790
60,8U2
60,900

U8,U12
U8,U87
1*8,1*1*5
l;9,O6O
1*9,337
5O,9U9

79.8
79.9
79.7
80.7
81.1
83.7

July

60,956

50,998

83.7

50,300
52,650
54,523
55,118
55,745
56,4o4
57,078
57,766
58,561
59,203
59,90^
60,690
61,632
62,472
63,265

I4,l6o
19,370
16,915
17,599
I8,o48
18,680
19,309
19,556
19,668
19,971
20,842
21,808
22,097
22,482
22,865

28.2
36.8
31.0
31.9
32.4
33.1
33.8
33.9
33.6
33.7
34.8
35.9
35.9
36.0
36.1

14,160
19,170
16,896
17,583
18,030
18,657
19,272
19,513
19,621
19,931
20,80^
21,774
22,064
22,451
22,832

63,291;
63,363
63,437
63,506
63,57U
63,614;

23,191
22,97U
22,999
23,581;
23,110
23,030

36.6
36.3
36.3
37.1
36.U
36.2

23,159
22,9U2
22,967
23,552
23,078
22,998

22,287
21,777
21,826

January..,
February. <
March....,
April....,
May
,
June
,

63,91*2
6U,OO5
64,071*
6U,128
64,191
61;, 262

22,277
22,1;82
22,5U8
23,271
23,835
21;, 550

31;. 8
35.1
35.2
36.3
37.1
38.2

22,245
22,450
22,516
23,239
23,803
2U,518

20,917
21,192
21,219
22,010
22,527
22,791

July

6U,333

21;, 217

37.6

24,185

22,672

9
1944
19^7
19W
19^9
1950
1951
1952
1953 2
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
1959:

I960:

81^7
84.5
84.5
84.9
84.7
84.4
83.9
83.6
83.7
82.7
82.1
81.7

41,480
35,460
43,272
43,858
44,075
44,442
43,612
44,194
44,537
45,o4l
45,756
45,882
46,197
46,562
48,179
47,725
46,610"
46,551
46,232
46,278
1*5,923
kZ-999
45,958
l;6,58O
1;6,865
U8U8U

U8

iiU,au
U3,863
43,873

8,060
5,3io
8,242
8,213
8,354
8,457
8,322
8,562
8,840
9,169
9,430
9,^5
10,164
10,677
11,019

14.3
1.0
3.7
3.6
5.9
5.1
2.9
2.8
2.8
5.3
4.2
3.8
4.1
6.8

5.3

FEMALE
19^0
1944
1947
1948
19^9
1950
1911
1952
1953 2
1954
1955
1956
1957
1958
1959
.
1959: July
August....
September,
October..,
November. t
December.,
I960: 3

]

,

See footnote 1, table A-l.




2

See footnote 3, table A-l.

3

21,65U
21,759

See footnote 4, table A-l.

6.2

5.6
5.3
5.U
5.6
5.1

i\

36,l4o
33,280
37,608
37,520
37,697
37,724
37,770
38,208
38,893
39,232
39,062
38,803
39,535
39,990
40,401
i;0,102
40,389
1*0,1*37
39,922
U0,U6U
UO, 631;
la, 665
la, 523
la, 527
UO,857
UO,356
39,712
U0,ll6

Table A-3: Euplmtit status if the mnstititiual pipilatiu, by aft aid sex
July i960

Age and sex

Total.
Male.
14 to 17 years..- 14 and 15 years.
16 and 17 years.
18 to 24 years....
18 and 19 years.
20 to 24 years..
25 to 34 years...
25 to 29 years.
30 to 34 years.
35 to 44 years...
35 to 39 years.
40 to 44 years.
45 to 54 years
45 to 49 years.....
50 to 54 years... •
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years....
60 to 64 years....
65 years and over...
65 to 69 years....
70 years and over.

(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)
Civilian labor force
Total labor force
Employed
Unemployed
including Armed Forces
Percent of
Percent
Percent of
noninsti- Agri- Nonagriof
cultural
noninstitutional culinduslabor
tutional
population ture
force
tries
population

75,215

60.0

50,998

83>7

1*8,521

6,88$

72,706

83*0

1,669
561*
1,105
1*,862
1,285
3,577

2,753
1,756
319
329

95
1*
15

9i7

1*77
251*
223
358
177
181

1*.7
5.3
l*.l
3.3
3.1
3.1*

263
11*8
115
25U
122
132

82
60
22
10
6
1
*

321*
8,336
161*
1,*2
*17
3,861*
160
261*
5,311
128
3,098
2,213
1,612
6**
252
935
18
336
677
1,1*85 21,187 1,513

3.1*
3.2
3.6
l.
*l
3.5
5.0
3.6
5.1
1.8

51.1
37.3
6l*.7
90.5
85.2
93.0

10,920
5,237
5,683
11,351*
5,900
5,1*5**

97.6
97*3
98.0
97.8
98.O
97.6

10,238
1*,821
5,1*17
10,978
5,663
5,315

97.5
97.0
97.9
97.7
97.9
97.6

690
359
331
865
390
1*75

9,622
5A31
M91
6,399
3,676

95.6
96.1
9^.9
86.7

9,561
5,085
M6

95.6
96.1
9*.9
86.7
92.1
80.1*

901
119
**
1*52
819

2k.k
37.6

2t*,l85

92.1
80.1*
33.1
1*6.7

as

2U,217

14 to 17 years....
14 and 15 years.
16 and 17 years.
18 to 24 years....
18 and 19 years.
20 to 24 years..

1,681
53**
1,1*7
1*,1O7
1,1*62
2,61*5

30.6
19.8
1*1.1
51.0
59.6
1*7.2

1,681
531*
1,11*7
l*,091
1,1*56
2,635

37.6
30.6
19.8
1*1.1
50.9
59.5
1*7.1

25 to 34 years...
25 to 29 years.
30 to 34 years.
35 to 44 years...
35 to 39 years.
40 to 44 years.

1,979
2,226
5,196
2,519
2,677

36.6
36.1
37.1
1*2.5
39.8
1*5.5

1*,196
1,973
2,223
5,191
2,516
2,675

36.6
36.O
37.0
1*2.5
39.7
1*5.5

1*9.5
50.1*
1*8.5
36.1
1*0.6
3L.1
10.3
16.9
6.6

5,21*9
2,837
2,1*12
2,906
1,737
1,169
872
520
352

1*9.5
50.3
1*8.5
36.1
1*0.6
31.1
10.3
16.9
6.6

45 to 54 years
45 to 49 years....
50 to 54 years... .
55 to 64 years
55 to 59 years
60 to 64 years....
65 years and over...
65 to 69 years....
70 years and over.

9,958

2,871*
1,01*1*
1,830
6,193
1,836
l*,357

5,251
2,838
2,1*13
2,906
1,737
1,169
872
520
352

l*,208
l*,863
9,756
5,096
l*,66O

Unable
to
work

1,773 12,257

5.2

51.5
37.3
65.3
92.0
87.3

2,723
2,282
1,251
1,031

50,07^ 3^,798

12.6
8.8
ll*.8
10.3
15.1
8.2

2,921
1,01*
1,877
7,1*99
2,l8»*
5,315

,3^
3,672
2,722
2,282
1,251
1,031

Keeping
In
house school

362
92
270
636
278
358

5,399 1*0,617 2,501*
81*2
388
1*51*
69I*
273
1*21

2»*.l*
Female.

5.5

61,805

Not in labor force

8

2
6

61*8

1,091

307
11*8
159
21*0

73

8,11*7

19
9
10

9

6.3

115
**
7
206
3
239
11
979
8
317
3
662
1*,615
33
1,1*30
3,185
1*0,116 3»*, 725

58
9

3,808
518
2,161*
ll*l*
1,61*1*
371*
3,91*7 3,321
587
992
2,955

291*
130
161*
238
131
107

1
*

2,1*25
1,596
829
380
21*
216
7
161*
17
55
25

1*1
1*7
11*3
63
80
276
121
155
1*88
125
363
682

119
63
56
11*8
73
75
286
13»*
152
693
188
505
l*,O96
1,299
2,797

i*,in

12 2,981*
3 1,887
9 1,097
376
1
267
109

21*7
138
109
165
73

1,21*0
357
883
3,1*97
1,196
2,301

193
39
151*
1*29
187
21*2

11.5
7.3
13.5
10.5
12.8
9.2

210
121*
293
139
151*

3,701
1,735
1,966
l*,61*2
2,255
2,387

285
152
133
257
122
135

6,8
7.7
6.0
5.0
1.
*8
5.1

7,278
3,500
3,778
7,021
3,816
3,205

7,109
3,1*02
3,707
6,881
3,727
3A51*

31*
22
12
19
ll*
5

27
ll*
13
31
12
19

107
61
k6
90
63
27

29I*
161
133
191
105
86
81*
51
33

l*,726
2,550
2,176
2,6l8
1,572
1,01*6
763
l5*
*l
309

228
126
102
96
59

l.
*3

5,362
2,798
2,561*
5,135
2,51*
2,591
7,565
2,563
5,002

5,199
2,720
2,1*79
l*l96i*
2,1*72
2,1*92
6,732
2,1*30
l*,302

11
6
5
3
3

38
18
20
75
30
1*5
1*86
59

113

86

l.
*2

3

*?
3.1*
3.2
2.8
2.7
2.7

2
l*
l
10

1*27

§
93
39
51*
31*8
71*
271*

NOTE: Total noninstitutional population may be obtained by summing total labor force and not in labor force; civilian nonlnstitutional population by summing civilian labor force and not in labor force.
Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960. (See footnote 4, table A-l.)




Table A-4: Eipliymt status if mall veterais if World War II ii the civiliai iniistititiiial pipilatin
(In thousands)
Employment status
Total

,

Civilian labor force
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industrie
Unemployed.
,
Not in labor force..,

July
i960

June
i960

July
1959

ll*,i*59

1**,1*63

ll*,i*62

1M77

ll*.,092
13,669
595
13,071*
1*23

13,573
621
12,952
1*85

13,63*
587
13,037
**53

1*01

38»*

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

370

(See footnote 4, table A-l. )

Marital Status and Color
Table A-5: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, by marital status and sex
(Percent distribution of persons 14 years of age and over)

June I960

July i960

July 1959

Married, Married, Widowed
Married, Married, Widowed
Married, Married, Widowed
or
Single
spouse
or
spouse
Single spouse
or
Single spouse
spouse
spouse
present
present
absent divorced
absent. divorced
divorced

Sex and employment status

MALE
100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

83.9
16.1

54.6
45.4

71.3
28.7

89.4
10.6

100.0

Nonagricultural industries

100.0

89.1
10.9

Total

J.Q0.0

p.00.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

96.7
9.2
87.5
3.3

92.5
13.0
79.5
7.5

5^.7
45.3

85.7
14.3

93.4
11.2
82.2
6.6

88.7
17.9
70.8
11.3

96,9
8.8
88.1
3.1

100.0

100.0

100.0

86.3
13.7

52.2
47.8

71.1
28.9

100.0

70.5
29.5

100.0

90.0

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

92.1
22.0
70.1
7-9

93.4
13.4
80.0
6.6

88.9
17.4
71.5
11.1

10.0

100.0 100.0
100.0
92.8
15.0
77.8
7.2

100.0
97.1

86.1
18.1
68.0
13.9

92.7

AS

7.3

2.9

FEMALE
100.0

Labor force

Nonagricultural industries

100.0

100.0

100.0

58.1
41.9

36.8
63.2

54.7
45.3

32.1
67.9

100.0

Labor force

100.0

31.6
68.4

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

94.9
2.8
92.1
5.1

91.6
5.8
85.8
8.4

95.4
7.9
87.5
4.6

94.7
7.5
87.2
5.3

91.9
4.1
87.8
8.1

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

55.2
44.8

30.7
69.3

56.0
44.0

37.4
62.6

52.7
47.3

100.0

100.0 100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

91.2
3.3
87.9
8.8

87.2
5.4
81.8
12.8

92.7
3.2
89.5
7.3

94.6
2.8
91.8
5.4

91.9
5.7
86.2
8.1

100.0

21
.

100.0
37.6
62.4

95.3
3.1
92.2
4.7

94.7
7.8
86.9
5.3

(See footnote 4, table A-l.)

Table A-6: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional population, by color and sex
(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)

June i960

July i960

July 1959

Color and employment status
Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

WHITE

Total

110,106

Labor force
Percent of population
Employed
«
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Not in labor force

57,576

108,688

56,781

64,523
58.6

43,617
83.O

20,906
36.3

110,008
64,692
58.8

43,569
83.0

21,123
36.7

63,5io
58.4

43,447
83.7

20,063
35.3

61,376
5,746
55,630
3,148
4.9
45,583

41,657
4,644
37,013
1,960
4.5
8,913

19,719
1,101
18,617
1,1881
5.7
36,670

61,152
5,573
55,579
3,5to
5.5
1*5,316

41,397
4,548
36,849
2,173
5.0
8,923

19,756
1,026
18,730
1,367

60,629
5,839
5^,790
2,880
4.5
45,178

41,701
4,710
36,992
1,745
4.0
8,460

18,928
1,129
17,798
1,135
5.7

12,674

6,725

,91^
82.7

6,715
3,396
50.6

5,716
4,732
82.8

6,480

3,279
48.8

12,657
8,310
65.7

5,943

8,183
64.6

5,949
4,904
82.4

7,3*
1,139
6,175
869
10.6

^,360
755
3,605
544
11.1

2,954
384
2,570
325
9.9

7,427
1,283
6,144
883
10.6

,39
778
3,613
523
10.6

3,036
505
2,530
360
10.6

4,162
660
3,501
570
12.0

2,803
326
2,477
293
9.5

4,491

1,045

4,348

1,028

3,319

985

3,384

6.5
36,393

36,718

NONWHITE
Total

.
-

Labor force. . .
^
Percent of population
Employed
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Unemployed
Percent of labor force
Not in labor force
NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beglnnini
,g




I960.

(See footnote 4, table A-l. )

4,369

3,096
47.8

Region; Class of Worker
Reasons Employed Persons
Not at Work
population,

.Table A-7: Employment status of the civilian noninstitutional
total and urban, by region

(Percent distribution of persons 14 years of age and over)

June I960

July I960
Labor force
Region

Northeast
North Central.
South
West

Urban.
Northeast
North Central.
South
West

Percent
of population
Nonagri- UnemAgriin labor
cultural ployed
culforce
industure
tries

9.5

85.0

5.5

59.li
59.5
58.6
59.6

100.0 2.7
100.0 11.6
100.0 13.7
100.0 9.3

91.2
83.7
80.6
85.1

100.0

92.5

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

92.9
93.3
91.9
91.3

6.U
5.8
6.0
6.0

.7
.9

2.1
2.7

59.7
59.8
59.2
59.3

U.7
5.7
5.6

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

6.1

9.k 81;. 5

Nonagri- UnemAgricultural ployed
culindusture
tries

9.6

100.0

85.2

52
.

59.9
59.9
60.0
59.h

100.0 2.3
100.0 XL.l
100.0
100.0 8.7

91.0

6.1

5.U
6.1
6.2

59.3
58.1;
59.h

100.0 2.9
100.0 12.0
100.0 13.1
100.0 9.8

91.0

83.5
79.5
85.1

83.7
81.1
85.9

k.3
5.8
k.3

100.0

6.1

$9.3
59.3
60.0
59.7

100.0

6.1

59.5

Employed

Employed

Employed

100.0

Total'.

Labor force

Labor force

Percent
of population
Nonagri- UnemAgriin labor
cultural ployed
culforce
ture 'industries

Percent
of population
in labor
force

July 1959

1.3

92.0

6.7

59.2

100.0

1.1

93.0

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

.5

92.6
92.6
91.1
91.2

6.9
6.1;
7.0
6.3

59.h

58.5
59.8
58.9

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

.5

i.o
1.9
2.5

1.0
1.9
1.8

93.0
93.8
91.3
93.6

6.7

59.3

6.5
5.2
6.8
k.6

(See footnote 4, table A-l.)

Table A-8: Employed persons, by type of industry, class of worker, and sex
(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)

July i960

Type of industry
and class of worker

June I960

July 195?

Male

U5,788

U6.O17

Total.

6,885
2,hO3
2,962
1,520

Nonagricultural industries
Wage and salary workers
In private households
\
Government workers
Other wage and salary workers
Self-employed workers
Unpaid family workers

5,399
1,927
2,81;3
629

I,t86
kit

61,801;

Agriculture
Wage and salary workers.
Self-employed workers...
Unpaid family workers...

U0,6l8
35,5k7

21,186
19,298
2,191

5U,8U5
2,589
7,U66
14i,79O

6,261;

397
U,56O
30,590

1;,938
132

695

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

6,856
2,323
2,921;
1,610

119
891

61,722
5k,5%9

2,630

2,906

7,559
l*U,Uoo
6, fc30
703

lit, 201
1,325
563

Female

22,791

67,591;

U5,863

21,731

5,325
1,877
2,801

1,531
kh6

6,825

373

122

3A37

5,369
1,768

963

5UU

21,260
19,310
2,2lt2

60.769
53,787
2,622
7,288
U3,878
6,336
61.6

6kl

35,280
388
U,568
30,321;
5,Ol;9
131;

2,114.2

2,991
U4,O77

1,381
569

2,997
603

l!;0
91a

U,6oo

20,276
l8,!;22
2,160
2,688

30,302
5,008
120

1,328
526

kO,k93

35,361.
k63

13,57U

(See footnote 4, table A-l. )

Table A-9: Employed persons with a job but not at work, by reason for not working and pay status
(Thousands of persons 14 years of a ie and over)

June I960

July I960
Nonagricultural industries
Reason for not working

Wag<i

Total
Total

and
salary workers

Nonagricultural Jindustries
Total
Total

Number

Percent
paid

6,7H

70.9

3,772

16
20
• 23
(1)
38
38
38
5,692 5,636 5M5
80.5
33.8
625
783
729
29.8
618
756
713
1
Percent not shown where base i s less than 100,000.

19
58
2,293
767
631;

Total
Industrial dispute
Vacation
Illness

7,291

7,136

July 1959

WageJ and
salary workers
Number

3,691

m
58
2,275
726
617

60.5

Total
Total

Percent
paid

3,323

Nonagricultural industries

7
58
2,nJa
639
U78

77.3

31.8
32.2

Wag ; and
salary workers
Number

7,085
79
196

5,na
880
789

Percent
paid

6,890

6,h37

68.8

ko

26
196
U,863
719
632

196
5,105
803
7U6

81.9

35.5

29.0

NOTE: Persons on temporary (less than 30-day) layoff and persons scheduled to start new wage and salary jobs within 30 days have
not been included in the category "With a job but not at work" since January 1957. Most of these persons are now classified as unemployed. These groups numbered 185,000 and 147,000,
respectively, in July i960.
Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960. (See footnote 4, table A-l.)




Table A-10: Occipatiu i m p if t M l i y r i ptrsiis, by sei

(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)

Occupation group

Male

68,689

Total.

3,108
2,656
1,069
1,587

6,736
2,323
1*,1*13
1,750
1,529
221

8,852
871
1,928
1,992
1,161
1,753
1,H*7

8,625
870
1,911*
1,983
1,31*8
1,639
1,071

12,276
2,U71

8,81*1
2,1*50

3,1*35

3,U58
3,1**5
2,872

2,539
1,697
2,155

920
1,778
716

5.0
5.1
1*.2

1 5 2,150
*
2,195
6,305 3,012 3,293
786
38
71*8
1,719
515 1,201*
3,800 1,71*9 2,051

3.2
9.2
1.1
2.5
$$

3,578 2,266 1,311
1*31
2,O7U 1,0*3
880
623
1,50*
U,2l*3 U,l59
1,033 1,027
1,126 1,087
39
J*0
2.O8U Ad5

••

Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers
Carpenters.
Construction craftsmen, except carpenters
Mechanics and repairmen..,
Metal craftsmen, except mechanics
Other craftsmen and kindred workers
Foremen, not elsewhere classified
Operatives and kindred workers
Drivers and deliverymen.
Other operatives and kindred workers:
Durable goods manufacturing.........
Nondurable goods manufacturing
Other industries
Private household workers
Service workers, except private household
Protective service workers
Waiters, cooks, and bartenders
Other service workers

,

Farm laborers and foremen
Paid workers
Unpaid family workers
Laborers, except farm and mine.
Construction
Manufacturing
Other industries^

5.2
3.0
2.2
6.2
1.5
1.6

Less than 0.05.

3,1*81*
1,769
1,755

1*,1*63
523
251*
3,686
2,981
5,876
2,957
1,396
1,523

2,919
2,762
1,108
1,651*

6,31*5
2,205
l*,H*0
1,706
1,508
198

1.0
12.9 18.7
1.3 1.9 (1)
.1
2.8 U.2
2.9 1*.3 (1)
11* 1.7 2.5
.1
Hi* 2.6 3.6
.5
76
.3
1.7 2.3

8,81*2
909
1,891*
2,088
1,100
1,729
1,122

8,638
909
1,881
2,069
1,092
1,651
1,036

17.9 19.2 15.2
3.6 5.3
.1

12,212
2,1*1*3

S.S
3.7
1*.7

*.l
7.8
3.2

3,589
3,306
2,871*

2,723
1,621
2,218

866
1,685
656

.1

sfcf

2,201
5,981
755
1,751*
3,1*72

2,155

2,823
719
1*97
1,60?

3,*8

227
1
H*
8

21

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

6.5

1.6
1.1
3.8

.2

5.3
9.0
5.8
1.9

male

10.0 9.7 10.6
1.8 1.1 3.2
.6 3.8
1.6
6.6 8.0
i*.6 6.5
10.1* 12.7
5.2 6.1* 5.2
2.6 3.0 2.1*
2.6 3.3 1.7
1.1
13.8 6.6 29.2
.2 10.1
3.1*
10.1* 6.1* 19.1
6.6 6.0 7.8
3.9 2.1* 6U9~
.9
2.7 3.6

783
131
1,131
527
373
231

7,059
U,U68
2,616
1,852

Male

100.0 100.0 .00.0

U5,863 21,731

6,771
1,226
1,076
1,1*69
3,112
7,008

9,907
2,385
7,522
U,Uo5
2,597
1,808

Clerical and kindred workers
Stenographers, typists, and secretaries
Other clerical and kindred workers
Sales workers.
Retail trade
Other sales workers

Total

10.3 9.9 10.9
1.9 1.2 3.3
1.7
.7 3.9
6.7 8.1
1*.3 6.2
10.1 12.7 1*.8
5.0 6.U 2.3
2.5 3.0 1.6
2.5 3.3
.9
6.9 29.7
.1 10.2
11.0 6.8 19.5
6.1* 5.8 7.7
3.8 2.3 6.7
2.6 3.1* 1.0

2,1*81
7U9
87U
858
117
1,088
515
366
207

1,289
1,175
U,5j8
2,950
6,9U0
3,1*57
1,736
1,7U7

Percent
distribution

100.0 .00.0 100.0 67,5ft

i6,017 22,672
U,56O
539
301
3,720
2,833
5,852
2,9U2
1,370
l,5Uo

Professional, technical, and" kindred workers
Medical and other health workers
Teachers, except college
Other professional, technical, and kindred workers
Farmers and farm managers
Managers, officials, and proprietors, except farm...
Salaried workers
Self-employed workers in retail trade
Self-employed workers, except retail trade

1

Percent
distribution
Total Male Female

'em ale

2,309
701*
822

i

11*
19
7
78
86

13.1 18.9
1.3 2.0
2.8 l*.l
3.1 U.5
1.6 2.1*
2.6 3.6
1.7 2.3

.1
.1
(1)
.1*
.1*

8,996 3 , 2 1 6
2,1*31*
9

18.1 19.5
3.6 5.3

11*. 8
(1)

5.3
h.9
U.3

$.9
3.5
U.8

U.O
7.8
3.0

3.3
8.8
1.1
2.6
5.1

.1
6.2
1.6
1.1
3.5

9.9
1U.6
.2
5.8
8.6

5.1
2.8
2.3
6.3
1.1*
1.9

1*.7
3.1*
1.3
9.0
2.0
2.6

5.8
1.5
U.3

1*.9
3.6
1.1* 3.9
9.0
.1*
2.2 (1)
2.1*
.2
_y* .2

3,1*13 2,152
1,881* 1 5 5 6
596
1,529
1*,2!*6 1 , 1 3 1
931
931*
1,258 1,187
2,051* 2,013
(See footnote 4, table A-l. )

20U

1,256
1,866
1,260
327
933
U5
k
70

_*
y_

J

1.0

i

Table A-11: Majir iccipatin i m p if eapkytd pirsus, b cttor mi sei
y

(Percent distribution of persons 14 years of age and over)
White

Major occupation group
Total
Tota I
Percent,

thous ands.

Professional, technical, and kindred workers
Farmers and farm managers
Managers, officials, and proprietors,
except farm
Clerical and kindred workers
Sales workers
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers
Operatives and kindred workers
Private household workers
Service workers, except private household...
Farm laborers and foremen
Laborers, except farm and mine

61,376

Male

1*1,657 1 9 , 7 1 9

100*0

100.0

100.0

11.0

10.6
6.3

11.8

13.7
7.0
6.2
19.7
18.8
.1
5.7
1*.3

5.2
32.8
8.6
1.1
15.1*

l*.l*

11.0

15.3
7.0

13.7
17.7
1.9
8.2

h.$
5.2

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.




July I960
Female

7.5

.5

5.8

13.5
1*.8
.3

Nonwhite

White

Total

Male

7,311*
100.0

100.0 100.0

U.2
3.2
2.5
7.0
1.U
S.9
19.1
1U.0
17.1
11.6
1U.2

Female

U,36O 2,95U

Total
60,629
100.0

Male

100.0 100.0

10.U

3.U

5.3

10.7

.5

U.7

6.6

2.9

1.9
8.8
1.6

11.3
11*. 8
7.2
13.9
17.8
1.9
7.9

13.8
6.5
19.7
19.2

k.$
5.3

1.2

9.S
23.1

.3
1U.3

11.0

.5

13.1
3U.1
21.2
12.U

23.U

(See footnote 4, table A-l.)

.6

Female

1*1,701 18,928

5.o
5.8

July .959

6.7

Male

6,965

U,162

2,803

100.0

2.9

U.9

11.5
.6

3.7
3.7

5.7

2.3
$.$
1.5
6.1
20.0

23.$

1U.9
17.1

n*.u

32.5
8.8
1.0

U.2

10.0

7.U

.5

15.2

5.3

Female

100.0 100.0

Hw8
6.0
13.6
5.1

.1

Nonwhite

Total

5.7
2.U

U.6
1.U
9.9

9.h

25.1

•8

2.0

6.8
1.6

.u

XU.9
36.2
21.0
10.8
.6

lemployment

Table A-12: Unemployed persons, by duration of anenployment
(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)
Duration of unemployment

Julv I960
June
Number Percent I960
4,017 100.0

Total.

May
I960

Apr.
I960

i960

Feb.
I960

Jan.
I960

Dec.
1959

Nov.
1959

Oct. Sept.
1959 1959

Aug.
1959

July
1959

4,423 3.459 3.660 4.206 3.931 4.149 3.577 3.670 3.272 3.230 3.426 3.744

1*6.6
2,654 1,638 1,580 1,516 1,476 1,909 1,683 1,846 1,607 1,539 1,567 1,773
Less than 5 weeks...
1,871
Less than 1 week..
18
12
12
28
11
28
23
86
25
16
31
16
25
1 week
450
385
9.6
4l4
758 470
443 395
387 400
393 389
4o6 451
2 weeks
550
506
518
506
413
13.7
777 k6k 456 429
567 601
471 435
3 weeks
12,0
422
461
332
361
516
370
358
420
317
635 379
U63 388
4 weeks
261
304
298
381
325
436 10.9
399 314
319
483 284
366 284
5 to 14 weeks
1,311
32.7
954 900 876 1,474 1,491 1,330 1,083 I,o4o
939 955 1,076 1,154
5 to 6 weeks
272
532 13.2
320
282
213
283
294
4io
341
305
269
440
257
7 to 10 weeks
528
501 12.5
412
372
685
589
504
354 561
444 382 405
k63
11 to 14 weeks....
288
400
250
290
278
256
309
619
396
276
6.9
259
293
251
15 weeks and over...
20.8
910
811
920 1,204 1,217
834
816
964
784
726
736
783 817
15 to 26 weeks....
10.4
420
290
302
418
705
533
441
381
356
333
340
509
715
27 weeks and over.
10*. 4
502
4i6
396
499
431
428
393
396
h6$ 430
4 3 515
9
Average duration....
11.8
14.2 13.1 12.7 12.9 12.4 13.1 13.7 13.8
13.4
10.3 12.8 14.3
NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960. (See footnote 4, table A-l. )

.
4

4n

Table A-13: Unemployed persons, by major occipation croup and industry group
(Persons 14 years of age and over)
July .960
June I960
July 1959
Percent
Unemployment
Percent
Unemployment
Percent
Unemployment
distribution
rate*
distribution
distribution
rate 1
rate 1

Occupation and industry

MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP
100.0

Professional, technical, and kindred workers
Farmers and farm managers....Managers, officials, and proprietors, except farm.
Clerical and kindrred workers.;
Sales workers
1
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers
Operatives and kindred workers
Private household workers
Service workers, except private household
Farm laborers and foremen
*
Laborers, except farm and mine
No previous work experience

5.5

100.0

3.0
.1
1.8
9.9
4.4
9.6
25.4
3.3
10.0
3.3
13.2
16.1

Total.

17
.
.1
10
.

4.2
.2
2.2
9.1
4.3
8.2
22.2
3.0
9.2
3.3
11.2
23.0

3.9

?-9

4.2
7.7
5.6
6.0
3.5
11.1

6.1

100.0

5.2

2.5

3.6
.2
2.6
8.9
4.3
8.1
23.I
3.8
io.4
4.o
12.9
18.1

l.
'4
3.4
3.5
3.3
6.6
6.1
6.1
4.2
10.2

6.1

100.0

5.2

5.5
6.3
5.4
8.2
8.4
5.9
5.8
7.2
5.0
5.1.
5.4
6.5
7.7
5.6
5.6
5.9
6.1
5.7
9.6
4.7
4.0
5.0
5.0
2.6
6.4
2.4
4.8
3.2
6.6
2.2

79.8
4.7
75.1
1.9
9.4
23.7
12.6
1.6
1.4
1.5
1.3
3.1
1.8
1.3
3.7
11.1
2.9
1.7
3.2
3.3
^5
1.3
2.3

5.1
7.6
5.0
10.1
8.1
5.0
4.7
4.5
4.5
3.5
3.8
5.4
7.2
3.9
5.7
5.5
6.8
6.1
10.0
3.3
3.5
3.9
5.2
1.8
5.7
2.4
4.7
3.1
6.1

l.h
3.9
4.1
3.9
7.4
5.6
6.3
3.9
1C.7

2.0

INDUSTRY GROUP
100.0

Total
Experienced wage and salary workers
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
*
Mining, forestry, and fisheries
Construct ion
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery (except electrical)
Electrical machinery
Transportation equipment
Motor vehicles and equipment
,
All other transportation equipment
Other durable goods industries
Nondurable goods
Food and kindred products
Textile-mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products
Other nondurable goods industries
Transportation and public utilities
Railroads and railway express
Other transportation
Communication and other public utilities....
Wholesale and retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate
Service industries
Professional services
All other service industries
Public administration

,. .

5.5

100.0

81.2
3.7
77.5
1.6
9.2
28.3
15.7
3.3
1.6
1.9
2.1
3.9

5.4
5.8
5.4
8.5
8.6
6.2
6.3
10.5

74.4
3.5
70.9
1.3
7.9
24.0
13.2
2.0
1.3
2.0
1.8
3.1
1.7
1.5
3.0
10.8
2.4
1.2
2.9
4.2
4.4
1.2
2.0
1.2
16.0
1.4
14.3
4.8
9-5
1.6

1.4
2.9
12.6
2.5
1.7
3.5
4.9
4.8
1.2
2.1
1.5
16.0
1.4
14.5
4.1
10.4
1.9

5.7
7.7
10.5
5.2
5.1
6.2
5.6
6.6
10.6
4.9
4.1
4.5
5.0
3.1
5.7
2.1
4.5
2.6
6.3
2.3

16.5
1.6
15.7
4.9
10.8
1.7

2.0
Percent of labor force in each group who were unempl oyed. 2 Includes self-employed, unpaid family workers , and persons with no
previous work experience, not shown separately. NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.
footnote 4, table A-l. )
(See

561163 O - 60 - 3




Long-Term

Unemployment
Table A-14: Persons unemployed 15 weeks and over, by selected characteristics

(Persons 14 years of age and over)

June i960

July i960

July 1959

Percent of
Percent of
Percent of
Percent
unemployed
Percent
unemployed
Percent
unemployed
distribution
in each
distribution
in each
distribution
in each
group
group
group

Characteristics

AGE AND SEX
100.0

100.0

18.4

100.0

21.8

13.3
24.3
5.4
31.0
3.5
3.5
4.5
8.1
11.4

24.4
5.1
13.5
18.7
27.0
32.8
35.2
42.3
17.8
7.6
14.6
16.3
26.5
25.1

20.8

100.0

20.9
5.7
6.4
17.4
16.3
30.7
39.8
(1)
14.8
4.4
19.7
15.9
22.1
26.3
18.4

68.9
2.4
3-8

2,
5.
7.
7
10,

68.7
4.0
2.6
7.2
8.5
13.7
27.2
5.5
31.3
3.5
6.6
4.9
6.1
10.1

100.0

100.0

21.8

37.4
21.3
7.5
18.6
7.9
7.3

26.4
15.5
36.2
23.0
12.0
21.1

35.8
23.4
9.5
14.0
9.0
8.2

26.5
13.7
40.4
19.5
8.7
23.4

37.7
23.0
8.3
15.0
8.8
7.2

29.2
17.5
37.2
18.8
14.6
21.1

20.8

100.0

18.4

100.0

21.8

73.6
47.8
25.8
26.4
18.5
7.9

19.5
20.4
18.1
25.3
28.3
20.3

75.7
52.6
23.1
24.3
16.0
8.3

17.5
19.8
13.8
22.5
25.0
18.9

76.3
51.0
25.3
23.8
17.8
6.0

21.8
24.0
18.3
22.6
25.6
16.7

100.0

years and over
to 17 years
and 19 years
to 24 years
to 34 years...
to 44 years
to 64 years
years and over
years and over
to 19 years
to 24 years
to 34 years
to 44 years
years and over

22.1
4.7
10.8
19.8
21.0
26.8
35-4
(1)
18.6
6.3
18.6
21.1
24.5
25.5

100.0

14
14
18
20
25
35
45
65
14
14
20
25
35
45

20.8

66,
2,
3.
8,

20.8

100.0

18.4

100.0

21.8

2.3
.2
2.3
9.8
3.7
8.9
35.5
2.8
9.1
1.6
17.7

16.0
(1)
(1)
20.7
17.5
19.1
29.1
17.6
19.0
9.9
27.9

2.4
.1
3.5
10.5
3.9
11.6
29.6
1.7
10.3
1.8
16.6

10.8
(1)
(1)
21.4
16.8
26.3
24,
10,
20.7
10,
27-

3.7
.2
4.3
11.7
2.9
9.7
29.0
1.3
11.3
2.2
16.1

21.9

6.2

8.0

7.7

6.2

7.6

36.5
28.8
14.9
26.5
27.6
7.6
24.0
12.0
27.3
9.1

100.0

Total.

20.8

100.0

18.4

100.0

21.8

23.0
13 .k
23.4
(1)
20.9
28.5
29.1
27.7
27.3
16.3
17.3
(1)

88.4
2.0
86.4
3.3
n.5
32.9
20.2
12.7
7.8
15.2
13.6
2.1

21.9
10.2
22.5
(1)
27.0
25.4
28.3
21.8
33.2
17.5
15.9
(1)

89.8
2.7
87.1
3.1
11.3
32.0
18.7

24.4
12.5
25.2
(1)
26.3
29.1
32.0
25.8
33.3
23.5
16.9
(1)

12,
11,
24,
3'
33.

-

MARITAL STATUS AND SEX
Total.
Male: Married, wi-fe present....
Single
Other
Female: Married, husband present.
Single
Other

COLOR AND SEX

White.. . .
Male...
Female.
Nonwhite.
Male...
Female.

MAJOR OCCUPATION GROUP
Total.
Professional, technical, and kindred workers
Farmers and farm managers
Managers, officials, and proprietors, except farm
Clerical and kindred workers
Sales workers
Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred workers
Operatives and kindred workers
Private household workers
Service workers, except private household
Farm laborers and foremen
Laborers, except farm and mine

.
,
•,
.

,
,
,

No previous work experience

INDUSTRY GROUP
Total 2
Experienced wage and salary workers
Agriculture
Nonagricultural industries
Mining, forestry, and fisheries
Construction
Manufacturing
Durable goods
.
#
Nondurable goods
Transportation and public utilities
Wholesale and retail trade
Service and finance, insurance, and real estate
Public administration

,
,
,

,
,
,

89.8
2.4
87.4
4.7
9.2
38.7
21.9
16.8
6.3
12.6
13.2
2.8

17.8
13.5
2.6

Percent not shown where base is less than 100,000. 2Includes self-employed, unpaid family work ers, and pe rsons with no previous
work experience, not shown separately. NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960. (Se e footnote 4, table A- 1. )




Table A15: Persons at work, by hours worked, type of industry, and class of worker
July i960
(Percent distribution of persons 14 years of age and over)
Nonagricultural industries
Agriculture
Wage and salary workers
Unpaid
SelfWage and SelfUnpaid
Private
employed family
Total
salary employed family
houseworkers workers
workers workers workers
holds

Hours worked

Total at work...thousands
Percent

2,363
100.0

1 to 34 hours
1 to 14 hours
15 to 21 hours
22 to 29 hours
30 to 34 hours
35 to 40 hours
35 to 39 hours
40 hours.4
41 hours and over
41 to 47 hours
48 hours
49 hours and over
49 to 54 hours
55 to 59 hours
60 to 69 hours
70 hours and over

18.0
5.1
4.9
3.8
4.2
47.3
6.3
41.0
34.7
7.5
6.6
20.6
6.0
2.8
5.9
5.9

26.3
6.0
10.3
5.6
4.4
14.5
5.9
8.6
59.0
4.7
4.9
49.4
8.2
3.6
15.1
22.5

Average hours

41.7

49.1

2,846
100.0

1,520
100.0

33.9
10.4
11.4
6.3
5.8
17.1
6.4
10.7
48.9
7.1
7.0
34.8
9.0
3.5
13.3
9.0
41.5

61,398 6,729
100.0 1QQ.Q

15.4
5.5
4.1
3.4
2.4
9.8
3.7
6.1
74.9
2.8
3.6
68.5
7.4
2.9
19.4
38.8

54,668 48,134 2,466
100.0 1QQ.Q 1QQ«Q

35.4

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

58.7

17.0
4.9

H
3.6

20.3

8.9
6.2
19.2
9.1
10.1
45.5
4.7
4.2
36.6
8.4
5.1
10.1
13.0
43.1

4.2
51.3
6.3
45.0
31.7
7.8
6.8
17.1
5.8
2.7
4.8
3.8
40.8

5,818
1QQ,Q

39,850
100.0

5,839
100,0

696
100.0
39.8

16.6
4.8
4.0
3.5
4.3
55.6
6.6
49.0
27.9
7.9
6.7
13.3
5.2
2.5
3.3
2.3

59.6
34.0
11.5
8.1
6.0
21.2
6.0
15.2
19.1
5.7
3.9
9.5
3.4
2.1
1.6
2.4

10.3
1.9
2.7
2.2
3.5
67.4
4.6
62.8
22.2
7.1
4.6
10.5
3.4
2.0
2.5
2.6

14.9
3.4
3.8
3.4
4.3
55.9
6.9
49.O
29.3
8.2
7.2
13.9
5.6
2.5
3.5
2.3

17.8
6.9
4.3
3.2
3.4
20.5
4.1
16.4
61.7
7.3
7.7
46.7
10.4
4.5
16.4
15.4

20.1
12.0
7.7
20.5
7.5
13.0
39.5
8.4
4.8
26.3
5.1
2.4
7.8
11.0

39.9

26.8

41.0

40.6

48.6

40.7

(See footnote 4, table A-l.)

Table A16: Persons employed in nonagricultural industries, by full-time or part-time status and reason for part time
Hours worked, usual status, and
reason working part time

Total.

(Thousands of persons 14 years of age and over)
Hours worked, usual status, and
July
July June
reason working part time
i960 i960
1959

July
i960

June
i960

July
1959

61,805 6l,722 60,769 Usually work full time—Continued

With a job but not at work
At work.
41 hours and over
35 to 40 hours
1 to 34 hours
Usually work full time on present job:
Part time for economic reasons
Slack work
Material shortages or repairs...
New job started
Job terminated
Average hours

6,890
53,879
17,438
27,425
9,016

7,136 3,691
54,668 58,032
17,304 18,041
28,076 29,838
9,288 10,152
1,120

863
642
50

Usually work part time on present job:
For economic reasons1
Average hours
For other reasons
109

1,371

861 1,024
58
65
140
233
48
62
24.9

25.O

1,766 1,969 1,980
430
412
520
457
329
409
376
230
360
83
26
1
661
623
798

Part time for other reasons
Own illness
Vacation
Bad weather
Holiday
All other

61
23.6 Average hours for total at work

Primarily includes persons who could find only part-time work.
note 4, table A-l. )

1,669 1,547 1,726
17.2 17.3 17.4
4,447
4,735 5,266
40.8

40.6

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

40.8

(See foot-

Table A17: Wage and salary workers, by full-time or part-time status and major industry group
July i960
(Percent distribution of persons 14 years of age and over)
41 hours and over

1 to 34 hours
Major industry group

Total
at
work Total

Usually work part 35 to
Usually work full
40
time on present job time on present job 39
41 to
Part time Part time
hours hours Total 47
For
For
for economic for other economic
hours
other
reasons
reasons
reasons
reasons

Agriculture.

100.0 33.9

2.5

4.9

Nonagricultural industries
Construction
Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Transportation and public utilities
Wholesale and retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate
Service industries
Educational services
Other professional services
All other service industries
All other industries

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

2.1

5.3

3.2
6.2

3.3
3.6

3.1
3.1

3.4
3.6

1.2

3.1
2.6
2.0
2.3

1.8
1.2

16.6
18.0
10.0
8.2
11.9

73
.
19.6
11.4
29.9

1.1

25 X

1.1

3.1
8.6

15.7
39.0
9.1

.4

2.5

1.8

2.5
4.1

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.




3.0
1.5
.9
1.3

1,4

11.8

.
7
4.8
.9
6.8
.3
1.3
11.2

(See footnote 4, table A-l.]

.
7

48
rs

49
ours
ver

14.7

6.4 10.7 48.9

7.1

7.0 34.8

8.0
2.9
2.3

6.6 49.0 27.9

7.9
8.5

67
.

.8
4.0

5.0
6.2
3.1
10.0

2.0
11.7

3.9
5.6

7.3

20.0

18.7
15.4
11.5
23.5
2.9

13.2
6.5,

74
.
6.7
4.0

51.0
60.5
66.7
53.1
61.1
35.4
46.0
36.6
42.9
52.5
26.0
61.9

25.9
23.4
22.1
25.0
27.9
39.4
22.4
26.3
18.4
25.2
28.3
24.9

7.2

13.3
5.1 12.3
6.1 10.1

6.7 5.8 9.6
7.8 6.4 10.8
8.3 5.9 13.7
9.9 10.4 19.1
7.9 2.8 11.7

76
.
78
.
67
.
8.0
5.2

6.2 12.5
2.8 7.8
5.8 12.7
7.1 13.2
6.0 13.7

10

Table M l : Persons at wirk, by foil-tine or part tine statis and Major occupation froip
July i960
Percent distribution of persons 14 years of age andover)
41 hours and over

1 to 34 hours

Major occupation group

Usually work full
Usually \</ork part
35 to
Total
time on present job time on pi
-esent job
39
at
Part time
For
work Total
for
other
for other economic>
economic
reasons
reasons

3.2

100.0 18.0

2.0

100.0 14.6
100.0 14.9

0.4

2.1

3*9

.1

.7

2.6
2.6
21
.

.4
1.4
3-9

3.8

1.4

3.9
2.5

2.0
17.7

9.5

1.3

2.6

100.0 7.4
100.0 13.6
100.0 24.8

Total

40

41 to
47
hours"
hours

49
and
over

6.3

41.0

^4.7

7?
«

6.6 20.6

47.3
6.2

31.1
75.1

7.6

5.2

3.8

2.7

3.6

01
3.8 26.3 62.5. 1 .
12.2 58.8 15.4
6.7
5.7 31.7 ^7.6 8.9

8.8
3.4

Average
hours

41.7

Professional, technical, and kindred

Managers, officials, and proprietors,

Craftsmen, foremen, and kindred

.6
•9

9.0
1.
01

3*7
9.0
17.9

100.0 9.9
100.0 13.5
100.0 58.4

2.7
4.3
1.1

100.0 23.8
100.0 35-9
100.0 27.4

1.3

2.4

4.6

2.0

4.1

74
.

15.5
22.4

45
.

9.0

8.7

2.0
3.3
37.1

4.0

54.4 31.7
5.9 50.4 30.1
6.8 15.2 19.6
5.0 37.6

7.0
6.1
7.0

43.6
5.3
21.2

7.5
8.0

9.1
7.4
6.1

18.3 41.6
68.8 58.9
50.3
38.5
39.3

14.6 41.8
15.2 41.5
9.3 27.4

7.5
4.2

Service workers, except private

5.2

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.

7 6 9.0
.

4.2

46.3

33.5
47.5

22.1

10.3

5.7
4.8

16.2 39.8
35.7 41.9
10.3 36.5

(See footnote 4, table A-l.)

Table A-19: Persons at work in nonagricuttiral industries, by foil-tine and part-tine status and selected characteristics
July i960
(Percent distribution o f persons 14 years of age and over)
1 to 34 hours

Tota L
at work
Characteristics
Total

(In thousands )

Percent

54.668

100.0

Usually work part
Usually work full
time on present job
time on present job
For
For
Part time
Part time
other
for economic for other economic
reasons
reasons
reasons
reasons

35 to
40
hours

41

over

AGE AND SEX
Total

17.0

2.0
2.2
1.7
2.6
1.9
2.3
2.2
1.4

36,591
1,641
4,563
8,247
8,733
12,011
1,398

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

12.1
59.8
12.4

18,077
1,194
3,135
3,124
3,900
6,044
680

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

27.1
57.1
I8.3
24.1
26.9
25.4
45.0

1.8

6,723
27,993
1,875

100.0
100.0
100.0

25.0
8.7
14.8

4,901
9,298
3,878

100.0
100.0
100.0

33,285
15,801
5.582
3,306
2,276

7.3
7.8
9.2
32.9

1.1

1.4

3.2

3.2
1.8
2.8
2.9
3.5
3.6

3.1
2.5

4.2

20.4

35.9

3.4

3.6
1.5

1.0
1.1

.
9

1.5

1.9

21
.

3.5

25.9

3.3

4.3
17.8

17.7
37.1

4.3
2.5
3.2
3.2

9.6

1.1
3.0
3.2
4.2
3.6

2L.7

408

50.0
24.1
52.1
51.8
50.8
52.0
40.8

38.O
16.1
35.4
40.8
41.5
38.9
26.3

43.1
27.1
42.1
44.5
45.0
44.1
36.4

54.1
27.8
67.4
58.3
54.4
52.7
30.9

18.8
15.1
14.4
17.6
18.8
21.8
24.1

36.3
26.8
37.1
36.5
36.7
37.6
33.3

47.9
50.4
51.5

27.1
40.9
33.7

37.7
44.5
41.5

59.0
52.5
51.8

15.5
18.0
24.6

35.5
35.9
38.1

_8/L_

2.2

3.7

16.2
17.2
16.8
38.3

2.1
2.1
3.3

2.5
3.3
3.4

8.2
10
.

12.2
2.3

3.7

25.4
29.5
23.6

1.1
2.2
2.0

3.1

7.1

3.6
3.0

2.6
4.6

4.4
14.1
21.1
14.0

100.0
100.0
100.0

16.0
11.3

3.1

25.9

1.8
l.b
1.7

2.5
2.1
3.3

8.6
4.3
17.7

51.4
49.6
55.3

32.6
39.1
18.8

41.2
43.4
36.6

100.0
100.0
100.0

25.6
I8.9
35.5

4.3
5.4
2.8

4.4
4.4

7.9

50.7
54.0

23.7
27.1

37.4

45
.

10.9

9.0
3.3
IT. 3

45.7

18.7

34.1

2.2

2.3
1.8
.8

MARITAL STATUS AND SEX
Married, wife present

Married, husband present

COLOR AND SEX
White

Male
Female

NOTE: Data include Alaska and Hawaii beginning 1960.




3.1
3.2

(See footnote 4, t a b l e A-l. )

5.8

11

Historical Industry

Employment

Table B-1: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry division
1919 to date
(In thousands)

Year and month

Mining

Contract
Manufacturing
construction

Transportation Wholesale and
and public
retail trade
utilities

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Service and
Government
miscellaneous

3,882

4,664
4,623
4,754
5,084
5,494

1,050
1,110
1,097
1,079
1,123

2,05*
2,142
2,187
2,268
2,431

2,671
2,603
2,531
2,542
2,6ll

3,806
3,824
3,940
3,891
3,822

5,626
5,810
6,033
6,165
6,137

1,163
1,166
1,235
1,295
1,360

2,516
2,591
2,755
2,871
2,962

2^848
2,917
2,996

10,534
9,401
8,021
6,797
7,258

3,907
3,675
3,243
2,804
2,659

6,1*01
6,064
5,531
*,907
*,999

1,431
1,398
1,333
1,270
1,225

3,127
3,084
2,913
2,682
2,6i4

862
912
1,1*5
1,112
1,055

8,3*6
8,907
9,653
10,606
9,253

2,736
2,771
2,956
3,114

8to

5,552
5,692
6,076
6,543
6,453

1,247
1,262
1,313
1,355
1,347

2,784
2,883
3,060
3,233
3,196

845
916
9*7
983
917

1,150
1,29*
1,790
2,170
1,567

10,078
10,780
12,97*
15,051
17,381

2,912
3,013
3,248
3,433
3,619

6,612
6,940
7,416
7,333
7,189

1,399
1,436
1,480
l,*69
l,*35

3,477
3,705
3,857
3,919

3,995
4,202
4,66o
5,483
6,080

883
826
%
982

1,09*
1,132
1,661
1,982
2,169

17,111
15,302
l*,*6l
15,290
15,321

3,798
3,872
4,023
4,122
4,i4l

7,260
7,522
8,602
9,196
9,519

1,409
1,428
1,619
1,672
1,7*1

3,93*
4,011
4,474
4,783
4,925

6,043
5,9*4
5,595
5,474
5,650

*3,315
**,738
*7,3*7
48,303
^9,681

918
889
916
885
852

2,165
2,333
2,603
2,63*
2,622

1*,178
1*,967
16,104
16,334
17,238

3,9*9
3,977
*,166
*,185
*,221

9,513
9,645
10,012
10,281
10,527

1,765
1,824
1,892
1,967
2,038

4,972
5,077
5,264
5,*ll
5,538

5,856
6,026
6,389
6,609
6,645

48,431
50,056
51,766
52,162
50,5*3

777

2,593
2,759
2^648

*,009
*,062
*,l6l
*,151
3,903

10,520
10,8^
11,221
11,302

2,122
2,219
2,308

809
721

1^,995
16,563
16,903
16,782
15,468

51,975
52,205

676
677

2,767
2,788

16,168
16,199

3,902
3,921

n,i4i
11,385
11,439

5,664
5,916
6,160
6,336
6,395

August.••
September
October..
November•
December.

52,596
52,316
52,889
52,802
53,021
53,989

712
641
622
622
661
669

3,060
3,132
3,068
2,985
2,877
2,719

16,456
16,212
16,400
16,226
16,307
16,510

3,969
3,9*2
3,9*7
3,929
3,931
3,958

January*.
February.
March....
April....
May
June••••<

52,302
52,284
52,398
53,076
53,195
53,535

659
670
667
678
679
681

2,472
2,408
2,331
2,611
2,853
3,008

16,498
16,548
16,505
16,408
16,378
16,453

July.

53,171

658

3,129

16,295

1919.
1920.
1921.
1922.
1923.

26,829
27,088
24,125
25,56928,128

1,124
1,230
953
920
1,203

1,021
848
1,012
1,185
1,229

10,53l!
10,534
8,132
8,986
10,155

190*.
1925.
1926.
1927.
1928.

27,770
28,505
29,539
29,691
29,710

1,092
1,080
1,176
1,105
1,0*1

1,321
1,446
1,555
1,608
1,606

9,523
9,786
9,997
9,839
9,786

1929.
1930.
1931.
1932.
1933.

31,0*1
29,1*3
26,383
23,377
23,1*66

1,078
1,000
864
722
735

1,497
1,372
1,214
970
809

193*.
1935.
1936.,
1937.
1938.

25,699
26,792
28,802
30,718
28,902

874
888
937
1,006
882

1939.
19*»0.
19*1.
19*2.
19*3.

30,311
32,058
36,220
39,779
*2,106

19**.
19*5.
19*7.
19*8.

*1,53*
*O,037
*1,287
*3,*62
44,448

19*9.
1950..
1951.
1952.
1953195*.
1955.
1956.

1959 1
1959 2
1959:

I960:

r
1

July

3,711
3,998
3,459
3,505

3,321

\M

3,225
3,167
3,298
3,*77
3,662
3,7*9

2,433

6,525
6,558

6,751
6,91*
7,277
7,626
7,893
8,127
8,190

11,379
11,415
11,519
11,605
11,778
12,402

2,483
2,482
2,460
2,449
2,446
2,446

6,637
6,616
6,651
6,648
6,627
6,581

7,900
7,876
8,222
8,338
8,39*
8,704

3,900
3,905
3,918
3,936
3,9*3
3,962

11,478
11,382
11,379
11,675
11,599
11,676

2,437
2,447
2,452
2,471
2,478
2,50*

6,507
6,518
6,545
6,679
6,752
6,781

8,351
8,406
8,601
8,618
8,513
8,470

3,953

11,643

2,536

6,757

8,200

2,348
2,374

2,425

Data relate to the United States without Alaska and Hawaii.
Data include Alaska and Hawaii. The monthly data shown below relate to the United States including Alaska and Hawaii.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




3,066

12

Current Industry Employment

Table B-2: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry

Industry

July
i960

(In thousands)
All employees
June
May
July
I960
i960
1939

32,910

MINING.

3,284
679

677

July
i960'

June
i960

i960

July
1959

June
1959

532

532

562

565

>2,957

656

TOTAL.

Production workers 1
June
1959

710

713

ANTHRACITE MINING

145.8

BITUMINOUS-COAL MINING.

95.5
33.5
32.0
11.7

97.4
35.2
31.0
12.7

97.7
35.4
31.1
12.6

78.7
28.3
26.1
9.4

H.7

95.1,

METAL MINING
Iron mining
Copper mining
Lead and zinc mining.

96.1
35.3
31.3
H.9
12.2

17.1

15.3

9.9

164.0

167.2

171.3

144.1

177.9

80.0
30.5
25.6
9.7
10.5

80.1
30.2
25.3
10.2

80.9
30.5
25.6
10.2

15.5

13.6

152.5

158.5

147.7
CRUDE-PETROLEUM AND NATURAL-GAS
PRODUCTION
Petroleum and natural-gas production
(except contract services)
NONMETALLIC MINING AND QUARRYING.

291.4

3,102

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION

310.7

308.7

203.3

198.3

218.6

216.8

176.9
116.1

286.2
174.2

184.0

182.8

103.5

101.2

108.4

107.3

116.6

115.7

113.8

113.2

96.2

95.9

95.5

95.0

2,983
648
316.1
331.8

N0NBU1LDING CONSTRUCTION
Highway and street construction.
Other nonbuilding construction..

2,335

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.

815.O

GENERAL CONTRACTORS.

1,519.5
310.5
237.1
186.3
785.6

SPEC IAL-TRADE CONTRACTORS
Plumbing and heating
Painting and decorating
Electrical work
Other special-trade contractors.

2,830

594
284.2
310.1
2,236

3,035
687
343.0
344.1

2,986

2,565

685
335.0
350.0

565
288.3
276.4
2,000

2,301

2,348

824.0
774.2
836.7
1,461.9 1,5H.3 1,477.2
314.0
304.2
323.5
217.7
222.0
239.9
176.5
176.5
179.1
769.O
759.2
768.8

16,414

16,348

16,410

L6,455

L2,155

9,332
6,917

DURABLE GOODS....
NONDURABLE GOODS.

513
256.6
256.8
1,907

2,632
606
315.6

2,583
604
307.2
297.2

290.1
1,979

2,026

724.3
714.7
675.1
737.2
1,285.6 1,232.0 1,288.4 1,254.6
246.7
256.2
252.4
264.6
201.3
215.3
197.2
218.3
139.4
147.8
140.7
142.8
644.6
67O.I
66O.5
662.7

16,249

MANUFACTURING.

2,420

9,500
6,914

9,516
6,832

9,523
6,887

9,581
6,874

6,886
5,269

L2,33O

7,057
5,273

12,292

12,433

12,524

7,084
5,208

7,161
5,272

7,248
5,276

Durable Goods

149.5

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS
Plat glass
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown..
Glass products made of purchased glass.
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products.
Cut-stone and stone products
Misc. nonmetallic mineral products

562.

See footnotes at end of table.




694.4
H5.3
330.4

139.7
691.8
112.1
330.9

132.7
44.8
56.6

147.0
44.8
56.9

145.9
45.6
57.3

390.7
279.6

388.3
279.5

382.2
276.6

384.1
277.0

48.3

45.8

35.7

24.5

385.6

142.4

66O.7
108.5
318.1

37.0

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES
Household furniture
Office, public-building, and professional furniture
Partitions, shelving, lockers, and
fixtures
Screens, blinds, and miscellaneous
furniture and fixtures

149.4

49.6

677.8

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Logging camps and contractors
SawmilJLs and planing mills
Millwork, plywood, prefabricated
structural wood products
Wooden containers
Miscellaneous wood products

689.I
127.6
326.3
133.6
44.8
56.8

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES.

24.8

561.4
29.7
109.4
16.5
42.9
75.7
48.8
120.5
18.4
99.

558.1
30.8
106.9
16.8
42.1
76.O
48.8
118.
18.1
100.1

72.2

73.0

72.2

72.9

620.1
120.3
296.8

592.5
101.8
288.8

627.O
108.6
302.2

623.8
105.2
302.4

112.5
40.8
49.7

111.7
40.8
49.4

125.4
41.0
49.8

124.1
41.8
50.3

326.3
240.3

324.3
240.3

319.5
237.9

320.7
238.O

46.2

38.7

37.6

35.9

36.0

35.5

35.6

28.0

26.8

26.8

26.7

24.3

25.3

19.3

19.6

18.9

20.0

565.7
32.7
100.9
17.9
43.5
78.4
49.4
123.5
18.4
101.0

566.1
33.1
103.I
17.8
43.2
78.3
49.4
122.5
18.;
100.5

455.4
25.5
92.9
13.6
35.2
65.5
4l.9
95.6
15.9
69.3

451.6
26.6
90.5
13.7
34.5
65.9
41.7
93.2
15.6
69.9

463.5
28.8
85.7
14.8
36.O
68.5
42.4
99.9
15.9
71.5

465.8
29.2
88.1
14.8
35.8
68.4
42.4
99.2
15.7
72.2

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

6O.7
6O8.7

320.7

455.3

13

Current Industry Employment

Table B-2: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry-Continued
(In thousands)
All employees
July
I960

Industry

June
I960

May

July
1959

June
1959

July
i960

Production workers1
June
May
July
i960
i960
1959

Durable Goods — Continued
PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES
Blast furnaces, steel works, and
rolling mills
Iron and steel foundries
Primary smelting and refining of
nonferrous metals
Secondary smelting and refining of
nonferrous metals
.
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of
nonferrous metals
Nonferrous foundries
Miscellaneous primary metal industries.
FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS
••
Tin cans and other tinware
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware.......
Heating apparatus (except electric) and
plumbers ' supplies
Fabricated structural metal products....
Metal stamping, coating, and engraving..
Lighting fixtures
Fabricated wire products
Miscellaneous fabricated metal products.
MACHINERY (EXCEPT ELECTRICAL)
Engines and turbines.
Agricultural machinery and tractors....
Construction and mining machinery
.
Metalworking machinery
Special-industry machinery (except
metalworking machinery)
,
General industrial machinery
,
Office and store machines and devices...
Service-industry and household machines.
Miscel laneous machinery parts
,
ELECTRICAL MACHINERY
Electrical generating, transmission,
distribution, and industrial apparatus,
Electrical appliances
,
Insulated wire and cable
Electrical equipment for vehicles
,
Electric lamps
Communication equipment
Miscellaneous electrical products
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT
Motor vehicles and equipment
Aircraft and parts
Aircraft
Aircraft engines and parts
Aircraft propellers and parts
Other aircraft parts and equipment
Ship and boat building and repairing....
Ship building and repairing
,
Boat building and repairing
Railroad equipment
Other transportation equipment
INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Laboratory, scientific, and engineering
instruments
,
Mechanical measuring and controlling
instruments
Optical instruments and lenses
Surgical, medical, and dental
instruments
Ophthalmic goods
Photographic apparatus
Watches and clocks
See footnotes at end of table.




968.9

992.6 1,038.4 1,066.5

651.8
231.4

470.8
I89.8

495.3
188.8

521.2
197.7

543.1
199.8
44.1

1,159.3 1,201.9 1,224.9 1,266.1 1,291.4

926.5

582.4
223.2

606.5
222.5

630.8
230.1

59.4

58.6

56.9

56.3

46.8

46.1

44.5

11.9

12.1

12.5

12.5

8.6

8.9

9.4

9.4

85.4
50.3
117.2

84.2
49.6
H9.7

92.2
52.5
120.9
846.9
55.0
104.4

92.7
53.4
124.0
865.8
55.4
108.4

114.9
143.1
87.7
138.3
204.8

115.6
143.3
90.2
141.1
210.4

119.6
119.4
112.2
113.7
64.1
64.8
61.1
61.7
152.3
155.0
151.9
149.6
823.5
1,065.9 1,087.1 1,080.8 1,084.1 1,102.0
62.8
62.2
63.1
63.9
132.4
133.0
136.4
132.2
116.0
116.6
115.8
118.7
303.1
287.7
293.4
301.6
228.0
236.5
236.1
233.5
47.6
49.4
48.1
48.8
56.O
56.7
57.4
57.7
137.6
139.9
139.6
142.2
1,636.2 1,657.4 1,660.9 1,633.9 1,644.9 1,131.3
101.6
103.2
105.1
104.1
149.6
149.3
173.0
171.5
127.4
136.2
130.3
135.5
265.I
239.4
239.3
263.5
177.5
230.9
140.4
192.4
272.5

176.5
230.1
138.9
196.5
272.6

165.9
226.2
129.8
186.3
275.3

413.7
39.1
28.6
71.3
29.1
664.5
49.4

414.8
38.9
28.6
70.9
29.5
658.O
48.9

407.0
36.9
26.9
68.6
27.5
625.8
48.9

124.0
146.8
93.0
143.3
198.6

166.2
225.5
132.6
187.2
279.7

1,286.8 1,295.7 1,289.6 1,241.6 1,232.6
405.6
37.0
27.9
69.8
27.4
615.8
49.1

836.5
54.3
104.4
89.2
88.1
88.0
91.5
221.5
208.4
220.7
204.4
186.0
191.5
192.5
192.9
38.2
38.2
36.9
37.0
44.9
45.3
46.5
45.9
109.0
109.1
113.6
109.5
1,155.5 1,159.3 1,149.4 1,167.0
66.4
67.5
64.5
63.3
124.6
102.9
101.7
127.1
94.1
89.9
87.5
95.5
195.7
175.5
176.3
196.1
841.1
55.9
103.7

843.0

123.5
146.5
92.3
146.9
198.3

858.4

855.1

835.9

832.5

279.3
29.1
22.0
54.3
25.8
408.8
35.8

277.8
27.3
20.4
52.9
23.8
397.9
35.8

277.9
27.5
21.4
54.3
23.7
391.8
35.9

277.3
29.3
21.8
54.6
25.4
413.7
36.3

1,579.6 1,606.4 1,652.8 1,692.8 1, 703.7 1,100.4 1,127.2 1,173.6 1,207.4 1,224.0
598.1
744.3
754.2
784.1
615.5
785.0
586.3
615.8
735.3
345.6
735.6
451.3
616.7
448.6
658.3
388.0
213.8
434.0
433.4
264.8
266.0
371.2
381.4
223.5
56.9
86.4
86.8
113.4
82.4
138.7
2.7
9.2
9.3
8.3
8.5
14.1
72.2
141.1
140.3
88.2
89.2
73.6
124.1
112.6
123.8
144.6
148.0
120.5
124.3
114.7
137.4
92.6
124.2
123.3
102.3
134.7
93.0
103.5
112.3
21.3
23.8
18.2
20.0
111.4
21.7
20.8
57.7
55.8
25.1
43.2
23.3
45.5
46.7
8.8
41.7
6O.7
61.6
10.6
10.4
8.4
10.2
8.0
8.6
10.5
220.8
224.2
349.4
227.7
339.2
339.2
352.8
351.3
223.5
227.2
35.5
35.8
66.0
65.3
63.9
35.0
65.9
35.6
62.9
66.4
63.9
100.2
94.3
94.6
101.0
66.2
10.3
10.1
12.7
18.4
15.0
15.3
18.6
12.8

ft}

45.8
27.0
65.9
28.6

45.1
27.6
65.5
28.5

42.0
25.6
65.7
31.0

43.5
25.7
65.O
31.5

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary

30.5
21.0
38.6
22.5

30.2
21.5
38.7
22.4

27.7
20.1
39.5
24.8

29.4
20.2
39.3
25.6

Table B-2: Employees i i loiagriciKiral estailiskaeits, by
(In thousands)
All employees

July
I960

Industry

Durable

June
I960

May
I960

Production workers1

July
1959

June
1959

July
I960

June
I960

May
I960

July
1959

June
1959

Goods—Continued

MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES...
Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware....
Musical instruments and parts
Toys and sporting goods
Pens, pencils, other office supplies....
Costume jewelry, buttons, notions
Fabricated plastics products
Other manufacturing industries

494.2

480.7
44.3
15.5
86.1
31.1
59.*
91.5
152.8

385.3
35.5
12.6
73.7
22.7
*7.9
72.3
120.6

967.* 1,061.7
245.2
235.7
72.0
66.7
150.8
218.6
75.0
78.9
162.5
160.9
20.5
19.8
54.2
5*.8
115.8
112.2
9*.O
91.5

1,029.6
244.5
72.3
179.9
79.7
162.3
20.1
57.0
H6.0
97.8

67.2,
24.1
5.7
6.9
872.I,
5.2
102.7
367.7
26.1
200.7
76.4
38.0
8.7
46.6

69.9
32.4
25.*
5.8
6.3
882.8
5.1
103.1
371.3
26.6
204.8
77.6
38.0
9.0
*7.3

1,087.0 1,079.1 1,047.5
105.0
103.5
93.1

1,067.9
101.4

309.0
293.3
100.0
16.4
66.0
7.8
51.8
110.1

310.5
299.*
104.4
11.5
68.5

449.0
225.9
120.8
102.3

*53.3
227.O
123.0
103.3

552.1
159.9
25.3
34.4
178.8
*9.7
15.3
36.O
52.7

55*.9
I6O.7
25.8
35.2
178.9
*9.9
15.5
36.3

404.9
36.5
15.2
83.2
23.8
48.2
7*-3
123.7

l,*67.9 1,414.9 1,516.0 1,*79.2 1,071.7
305.8
297.2
306.3
303.9
97.8
104.4
102.0
104.3
214,2
184.7
253.7
205.3
115.6
IO8.9
114.9
110.2
286.1
284.6
286.8
290.4
25.9
25.1
26.2
25.7
71.0
69.5
68.3
70.1
216.4
211.1
220.9
217.9
141.3
139.*
13*.5
137.6

1,013.2
242.2
70.3
170.6
76.5
I63.8
20.4
55.*
118.4
95.6

498.7
*5-7
18.6
93.2
31.6
58.1
94.8
156.7

*85.2
45.2
15.7
87.5
30.8
59.5
92.1
154.4

397.3
36.3
15.3
78.5
23.6
46.8
74.2
122.6

380.2
3*.5
12.3
72.6
22*9
*7.7
71.6
118.6

391.2

508.2
*5-9
18.6
98.1
31.9
59.9
9**9
158.9

Nondurable Goods
FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS
Meat products
Dairy products
Canning and preserving
Grain-^mill products
Bakery products
Sugar..
Confectionery and related products
Beverages.
Miscellaneous food products

1,531.6

,216.8 1,207.9
H6.3
115.0

1,178.6
104.6

358.5
330.2
118.5
12.7
75.0
7.2
61.8
136.6

353.7
328.1
118.4
14.9
73.2
6.9
59.6
138.I

339.0
330.5
112.7
18.6
7*.5
10.0
57.7
131.0

3*0.5
336.7
116.8
13.7
76.8
9.9
60.7
131.8

327.1
295.*
105.5
10.9
67.2
5.3
55.8
114.8

559.3

566.8
278.2
152.5
136.1

562.7
274.4
151.7
136.6

561.3
276.9
151.7
132.7

565.0
277.9
153.8
133.3

443.8

*51.5
225.6
121.9
104.0

322.9
293.0
105.5
13.0
65.5
5.2
53.8
H6.7
449.2
222.8
121.5
104.9

889.I

890.8
331.3
62.2
62.2
229.7
68.5
21.4
48.5
67.O

329
62.7
62.2
227.3
68.4
20.6
48.0

864.8
323.6
60.9
57.1
222.9
65.6
20.9
45.8

862.8
322.0
60.6
57.1
222.6
66.0
20.8
46.0

563.7
26!
37.7
184.2
51.9
15.*
38.2

566.8
164.0
27.0
37.*
182.5
51.8
14.6
37.7

67.3

68.0

67.7

51.*

51.8

Scouring and combing plants
Yarn and thread mills
Broad-woven fabric mills
Narrow fabrics and smallwares
Knitting mills
Dyeing and finishing textiles
Carpets, rugs, other floor coverings....
Hats (except cloth and millinery)
Miscellaneous textile goods
APPAREL AND OTHER FINISHED TEXTILE
PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings and work
clothing
Women ' s outerwear
Women's, children's under garments
Millinery
Children's outerwear
Fur goods
Miscellaneous apparel and accessories...
Other fabricated textile products
PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS.
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills
Paperboard containers and boxes
Other paper and allied products
PRINTING, PUBLISHING, AND ALLIED
INDUSTRIES
Newspapers...
Periodicals
Books
Commercial printing
Lithographing
Greeting cards
Bookbinding and related industries
Miscellaneous publishing and printing
services*
See footnotes at end of table.




68.3
32.5
23.7
5.2
6.9
862.9
*.9
97.6
36*.7
25.6
200.7
77.7
37.2
8.9
*5.6

77.3
35.7
25.7
6.8
9.1
964.7
5.8
111.2
395.7
29.8
221*3
88.4
45.6
9.8
57.1

942.1

TEXT ILE-MILL PRODUCTS

67.9
33.3
23.8
5.2
5.6
866.0
5.0
97.5
365.3
25.8
203.6

78.5
37.7
25.5
6.2
9.1
956.3
5.*
105.7
392.9
29.3
221.6
89.9
44.9
10.1
56.5

79-*

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES
Cigarettes
Cigars
Tobacco and snuff
Tobacco stemming and redrying

77.7
38.4
25.*
6.2
7.7
960.8
106^4
393.7
29.5
224.6
90.0
44.1
10.2
56.8

1A89.1

79.9
37.5
27.O
6.9
8.5

69.6

975.1
5.7
112.0
399.1
30.2
224.9
89.6

847.8

IF
36.3

*5-7

8.9
*5.9

10.2

57.7
1,200.2 1,060.3

H3.3

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

3p.5

110.1

52.6

15

Current Industry

Employment

Table B-2: Employees i i Miafriciltiral establishments, by iidustry-Csitiiaed

(In thousands)
All employees
Industry

Jane
I960

Production workers!
June

June
1959

I960

June
1959

Nondurable Goods—Continued
877.3
105.6
31*3.3
106.7

879.6
10U.7
31*0.2
105.1*

81*7.8
103.6
330.2
101*. 8

81*3.2
102.2
326.7
103.2

53.2
78.5
8.0
35.7
36.5
109.8
232.0
183.8

52.8
77.8
7.9
l*l*.l

237.5
189.3

238.3
190.2

1*8.2

1*8.7

1*8.2

258.3
103.7
22.0
132.6

257.1
103.lt
21.9
331.8

261*. 0
106.7
22.5
331*. 8

255.8
97.0
22.3
136.5

361.1
LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS
Leather: tanned, curried, and finished.
Industrial leather belting and packing.
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings..
Footwear (except rubber)
Luggage
.
'
Handbags and small leather goods
Gloves and miscellaneous leather goods.

365.5
3k.$
k.3
19.1*
21*5.2
16.0
30.3
15.8

357.6
31*. 0
1*.2
18.7
238.8
15.8
30.2
15.9

375.1
36.9
5.0
19.6
252.2

37I+.1*
37.1*
5.1
19.9
252.2
15.3
28.8

56.6

526.9
68.1
2Ol*.t*
56.8

31.3
1*6.6
6.5
25.8
23.9
68.2

30.8
1*6.3
6.1*
3l*.l
21*. 9
68.1*

30.2
1*5.0
6.1*
21.7
2l*.l*
66.5

30.3

6.1
21*. 3
2l*.7
66.8

155.5
117.8

151*. 9
116.7

158.2
120.1*

160.1*
122.3

37.7

38.2

37.8

38.1

191*. 7

198.3
76.9
18.2
103.2

197.6
77.0
18.1
102.5

203.1*
79.7
18.3
105.1*

196.1
70.7
18.2
107.2

319.1*

323.1
30.2
3.2
17.2
218.7
13.7
26.2
33.9

315.2
29.7
3.1
16.6
212.3
13.5
26.0
11*. 0

33l*.6
32.1*
3.9
17.6
227.3
13.2
26.3
33.9

333.9
33.1
U.0
17.9
227.0
13.0
25.0
13.9

529
508.0
218.2

51*1*
522.6
226.2
11*0.7

533
512.0
221*. 7
139.3

155.7

l!*8.0

21.3

21.0

1*8.1

256.5

57.6

526.6
68.9
205.7
57.2

37.6
105.1

231.9
183.2

51*6.7
69.2
210.0

50.9
75.9

109.2

51.0
75.2
7.8
31.6
37.3
105.3

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Industrial Inorganic chemicals
Industrial organic chemicals
Drugs and medicines.
Soap, cleaning and polishing preparations
Paints, pigments, and fillers.......
Gum and wood chemicals....
Fertilizers.
Vegetable and animal oils and fats..
Miscellaneous chemicals

878.O

PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COAL..
Petroleum refining
Coke, other petroleum and coal
products

230.7

RUBBER PRODUCTS..
Tires and inner tubes.
Rubber footwear
Other rubber products.

TRANSPORTATION
Interstate railroads
Class I railroads.
Local railways and bus lines
Trucking and warehousing
Other transportation and services....
Bus lines, except local
Air transportation (common carrier).
Pipe-line transportation (except
natural gas)
COMMUNICATION.
Telephone...
Telegraph...
OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES
Gas and electric utilities
Electric light and power utilities.
Gas utilities.
Electric light and gas utilities
combined
Local utilities, not elsewhere
classified

WHOLESALE TRADE
Wholesalers, full-service and limitedfunction
Automot ive....f
Groceries, food specialties, beer,
wines, and liquors
Electr.ical goods, machinery, hardware,
and plumbing equipment
Other full-service and limitedfunction wholesalers
Wholesale distributors, other




15.7

3,933

3,91*2

3,921*

3,91*9

2,565

2,590
919.1
807.1*
91.1+
886.3
693.$
U0.9
151.2

2,585
801*9
91.3
880.3
698.6
1*0.0
153.0

2,589
960.1*
81*6.2
92.3
855.7
680.1
1*2.3
11*6.6

2,602
967.8
850.3
92.5
853.9
687.6
1*1.2
3i*5.l*

2U.6

2l*.l

25.9

25.6

71*5
708.1
36.6

71*1
701*. 0
36.6

750
711.7
37.2

71*1*
705.7
37.3

618

607
582.8
257.5

598
57l*.6

598
57l*.7
258.2
151*.6

537
515.7
221.2
138.8

U5.U

155.5

153^2

610
585.7
259.1*
156.3

169.8

163.3

170.0

161.9

155.7

23.9

23.7

23.9

23.6

21.1

136.9
152.9
20.9

11,586

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE.

561163 O - 60 - 4

15.5

30.2
15.7

151*. 8

51*1.1
69.6
211.6

I 750

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES.

See footnotes at end of table.

37.5

51*3.2

11,620

n,5l*3

11,321*

11,352

3,3i*O

3,128

3,in

3,069

3,051+

2,688

2,670

2,61*6

2,637

1,866.1*

1,851.1*
3i*0.5

1,820.6
337.3

1,813.2
135.7

1,621.2
121.6

1,606.3
121.0

1,589.1*
119.6

l,581*.l*
118.1

, 315.U

313.0

305.5

306.6

280.1*

277.9

273.1

271*. 1

1*58.1*

1*55.2

1*52.0

1*1*9.2

391*. 7

392.1*

391.1*

389.0

951.3
1,261.9

91*2.7
1,259.3

925.8
1,21*8.6

921.7
1,21*0.9

821*. 5
1,066.8

815.0
1,063.7

805.3
1,056.1

803.2
1,052.1

mi. 3

NOTE: Da^a for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

16

Current Industry Employment

Table B-2: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry-Continued
{In thousands]
Production workers 1
Industry

June
1959

July
1Q6O

June
I960

July
1959

June
1959

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE—Continued
RETAIL TRADE

General merchandise stores
Department stores and general
mail-order houses
Other general merchandise stores
Food and liquor stores
,
Grocery, meat, and vegetable markets.
Dairy-product stores and dealers
,
Other food and liquor stores
Automotive and accessories dealers.....
Apparel and accessories stores
Other retai1 trade 2
Furniture and appliance stores
,
Drug stores

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE

8,1*6
8,298
8,432
8,1*92
8,255
1,425.8 1,457.0 1,465.6 1,396.7 1,422.4

932.1
913.2
928.9
898.7
509.2
533.5
528.1
498.O
1,664.0 1,657.4 1,648.7 1,600.3 1,616.6
1,204.5 1,200.7 1,158.4 1,173.4
222.8
228.1
231.0
227.3
225.2
215.1
225.6
210.9
819.O
796.1
823.O
798.9
826.3
602.2
592.8
626.7
572.1
628.4
3,940.2
3,887.0 3,860.8
3,923.0 3,872.2
387.8
389.5
399.0
396.4
375.5
384.4
398.0
392.0

830.4
844.7
859.^
857.3
471.1
503.0
481.7
498.O
1,508.6 1,468.4 1A89.9
1,516.1 1,126.2 1,080.8
1,100.7
1,129.8
I88.7
196.9
199.5
191.9
193.7
192.3
188.1
194.4
705.3
722.5
708.6
550.5
728.3
570.2
521.0
2,090.6
571.7 2,095.4 2,110.9
351.0
358.7
352.1
2,127.2
355.3
363.3
371.6
357.1
377.7

2,469
2,442
2,495
2,475
671.5
662.9
638.4
649.8
100.5
97.4
99.9
95.1
930.4
914.1
922.3
902.4
793.0
813.4

2,527

Banks and trust companies
Security dealers and exchanges
Insurance carriers and agents
Other finance agencies and real estate

SERVICE AND MISCELLANEOUS.

1,355.3 1,362.4 1,301.5 1,326.4

783.5

806.5

6,746
6,717
6,603
602.6
497.1
525.3

6,721

Hotels and lodging places...
Personal services:
Laundri es
Cleaning and dyeing plants.
Motion pictures

314.2
179.9
190.0

311.5
179.4
190.3
8,449

6,623
532.7

317.5
169.3
192.9

316.9
176.0
191.1
8,065

GOVERNMENT.

8,136

8,405

FEDERAL3 .

2,195

2,204
2,212
2,185
2,190
2,176.6 2,184.6 2,162.0 2,156.9
922.8
949.6
917.1
948.1
560.0
549.4
547.3
553.3
663.O
693.8
661.5
714.2
22.8
22.7
22.8

Executive
Department of Defense..
Post Office Department.
Other agencies
Legislative
Judicial

22.5
h.9
6,201
6,237
1,570.9 1,578.8
4,630.1 4,658.0
2,978.5
3,258.3

5,94l

STATE AND LOCAL.

7,837

State
Local

4.8
5,647
1,480.1
4,166.7
2,335.5
3,311.3

4.8

5,880

1,519.1
4,360.7

2,617.5
Education.
3,262.3
Other
*For mining and manufacturing, data refer to production and related workers; for contract construction, to construction workers; and
for all other industries, to nonsupervisory workers.
2
Data for nonsupervisory workers exclude eating and drinking places.
*Data are prepared by the U.S. Civil Service Commission and relate to civilian employment only.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.
Data relate to the United States without Alaska and Hawaii.

Table B-3: Federal military personnel
(In thousands)
Branch

1

TOTAL

June
I960

May
I960

June
1959

2,508

2,496

2,535

June
i960

May
I960

June
1959

Navy

617.6

611.5

626.3

170.6

171.3

175.6

30.5

30.5

30.4

Branch

873.1
Air Force

868.1

862.0

Marine Corps

816.5

814.2

840.4

Coast Guard

Data refer to forces both in continental United States and abroad.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. Department of Treasury.




17

Seasonally AdjustedIndustry Employment

Table B-4: Employees ii nonagricultural establishments,
by industry division and selected groups, seasonally adjusted
(In thousands,)
All employees
June
July
i960
I960

Industry division and group

53,395
53,133

Total
Total without Alaska and Hawaii 1 .

Production workers
June
i960

53,344
53,105

53,362
53,11**

659

676

681*

Contract construction.

2,862

2,796

2,783

Manufacturing
Durable goods
Nondurable goods.

9,444
6,973

16,489
9,494
6,995

16,540
9,537
7,003

12,333
7,000
5,333

12,405
7,052
5,353

12,476
7,106
5,370

150
667
4oi
558
1,202
1,091
1,61*6
1,305
1,606

ll*9
658
396
558
1,230
1,085
1,650
1,299
1,653
352
507

61
597
334
460
936
849
1,148
874
1,100
229
412

72
599
336
453
969
845
1,145
867
1,127
228
411

73
590
332
452
998
841
1,148
864
1,174
229
405

,7

1,022
80
874
110
,1
448
570
554
152
201
322

1,029
78
866
1,132
452
570
549
154
198
325

1,035
79
867

Mining

Durable Goods
13k
665
399
567
1,168
1,091
1,653
1,318
1,580
354
515

Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery (except electrical)
Electrical machinery
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries

354
514

Nondurable Goods

968
,242
563
895
889
228
263
364

1,482
88
961
1,263
567
891
887
230
258
368

90
960
1,266
568
889
885
231
258
369

3,904
2,552
74 3
609

3,926
2,577
745
604

3,927
2,585
71*1
601

11,731
3,156
8,575

11,695
3,160
8,535

11,675
3,158
8,517

2,477

2A70

2,469

Service and miscellaneous

6,688

6,646

6,618

Government
Federal

8,395
2,206
6,189

8,1*16
2,215
6,201

8,1*09
2,234
6,175

Pood and kindred products
•
Tobacco manufactures
Textile-mill products.
Apparel and other finished textile products.
Paper and allied products
Printing, publishing, and allied industries.
Chemicals and allied products
Products of petroleum and coal
Rubber products
Leather and leather products
Transportation and public utilities.
Transportation
Communication
Other public utilities
Wholesale and retail trade.
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Finance, insurance, and real estate.

State and local.

1,136
454
570
550
154
199
326

1

Detail adds to the total without Alaska and Hawaii.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

Table B-5: Employees in private and Government shipyards, by region
(In thousands)
June I960
Private

Region

ALL REGIONS.
North Atlantic2.
South Atlantic..
Gulf
Pacific
Great Lakes
Inland
.....

203.7
84.4
38.4
21,9
51.0
4.4

114
1.
43.0
20.1
21.9
18.4
4,4

May I960
Private

Navy
92.3
41.4
18.3
32.6

June 1959
Navy

Navy

112.3
84.6
38.3
23.7
49.3
4.3

91.6

217.4

124.2

93.2

43.5
20.0

41.1
18.3
32.2

100.6
" 37.0
22.1
49.6
3.8.

59.9
18.3
22.1
15.8
3.8

40.7
18.7

23.7
17.1
4.3

Jus.

33.8

!
The North Atlantic region includes all yards bordering on the Atlantic in Conn., Del., Maine, Md., Mass., N.H., N. J., N, Y. , Pa.,
R.I., Vt. The South Atlantic region includes all yards bordering on the Atlantic in Ga., N.C., S.C., Va. The Gulf region includes
all yards in Fla. , and all yards bordering on the.Gui'f of Mexico in Ala., La., Miss., Tex. The Pacific region includes all yards in
Calif., Oregon., Wash. The Great Lakes region includes all yards bordering on the Great Lakes in 111., Mich., Minn., N.Y.,
Ohio,
2
Pa., Wis. The Inland region includes all other yards.
Navy data include Curtis Bay Coast Guard Yard.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




18
Table B-6: W u e i employees in •aiifactiriig, by Mistry

Number
(in thousands)

Industry

Percent
of total
employment

Apr.
I960

Apr.
I960

1959

Percent
of total
employment

1959

4,248

Durable Goods —Con tinned

1,639
2,505

220.0
15.2
13.2
10.5
28.4

14
15
8
8
12

26.2

MACHINERY (EXCEPT ELECTRICAL)
Engines and turbines..
Agricultural machinery and tractors...
Construction and mining machinery
Metalworking machinery
Special-industry machinery.(except
metalworking machinery)
General industrial machinery.....
Office and store machines and devices.
Service-industry and household
machines
Miscellaneous machinery parts....

228.1
14.6
12.9
10.9
31.0

28.5

DURABLE GOODS
NONDURABLE GOODS

4,l43

1,698
2,550

MANUFACTURING

18.1
30.5
35.4

17.1
29.0
33.6

11
13
26

26.7
48.0

25.3
47.7

14
18

ELECTR I CAL MACH INERY
•
Electrical generating, transmission,
distribution*, and industrial
app ar atus
<
Electrical appliances.
Insulated wire and cable
Electrical equipment for vehicles
Electric lamps
Communication equipment
Miscellaneous electrical products

490.0

453.7

131.3
12.3
7.1
27.7
19.7
276.2
15.7

122.2
11.6
6.8
26.7
17.3
252.6
16.5

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT.
Motor vehicles and equipment
Aircraft and parts
Ship and boat building and repairing.,
Railroad equipment
Other transportation equipment
,

190.8
76.7
103.0
4.9
4.1
2,1

194.1
71.8
111.5
4.8
4.0
2.0

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Laboratory, scientific, and engineering instruments
Mechanical measuring and controlling
instruments
Optical instruments and lenses
Surgical, medical, and dental
instruments
Ophthalmic goods.
..
Photographic apparatus
Watches and clocks
•

117.6

111.7

33

34

14.6

14.0

22

23

31.6
5.4

29.6
4.6

33
30

21.6
11.5
17.3
15.6

19.5
10.7
17.3
16.0

46
43
27
53

188.6
17.9

178.4
17.1

38
38
24
45
50
51
32
32

Durable Gooda
ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Logging camps and contractors
Sawmills and planing mills
Millwork, plywood, prefabricated
structural wood products
Wooden containers
Miscellaneous wood products

Industry

Number
(in thousands)

,

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES
Household furniture
Office, public-building, and
professional furniture
,
Partitions, shelving, lockers, and
fixtures
•
•
Screens, blinds, and miscellaneous
furniture and fixtures

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS......
Flat glass
Glass and glassware, pressed or
blown
»
Glass products made of purchased
glass
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster
products
Cut-stone and stone products
Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES
Blast furnaces, steel works, and
rolling mills
Iron and steel foundries. »
Primary smelting and refining of
nonferrous metals.
Secondary smelting and refining of
nonferrous metals
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of
nonferrous metals
Nonferrous foundries
Miscellaneous primary metal
industries

43.4
1.4
12.4

9.8
8.2
11.1

64.0

19

42.9
1.3
12.5

9-4
8.0
12.2

19

65.3
1*7.8

lf6.0

5.7
3.3
9.0

8.7

90.8
1.3

88.8

16

16

\ 1.6
31.8
4.6
1.1
6.7
15.8
7.1
.7
19.0

4.9
1.1
7.0

15-V
6.8
.7
19.5

70.7

68.9

23.6
10.5

22.8
10.1

2.1

1.9

1.0

.9

9.8
7.5

20

9.6
8.0

16.2

188.8
14.2
38.9

13.6
20.9

13.7
21.0

42.2
14.0
11* .2

44.5
14.3
13.9

28.8

28.3

4.7
38.8
16.1
30.4
29.9
50.8

15.6

I85.6
13.7
38.2

MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware..
Musical instruments and parts
,
Toys and sporting goods
Pens, pencils, other office supplies.,
Costume jewelry, buttons, notions....,
Fabricated plastics products
'
.
Other manufacturing industries

4.2

35.8
15.2
29.5
28.8
47.8

38

38
31
32
24
38

8
35
11
10
15
8
20

nondurable Gooda
FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS
Tin cans and other tinware
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware...
Heating apparatus (except electric)
and plumbers' supplies
Fabricated structural metal products
Metal stamping, coating, and
engraving....
Lighting fixtures.
Fabricated wire products
Miscellaneous fabricated metal
products.
,




21

FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS
Meat products
Dairy products
Canning and preserving
Grain-mill products
Bakery products
Sugar
Confectionery and related products
Beverages
,
Miscellaneous food products
,

340.6
71.0
20.0
76.3
16.8
60.3
2.7
34.3
21.5
37.7

335.8
71.6
19.8
74.2
16.6
56.6
2.7
33.7
21.3
39.3

24
24
21
41
15
20
11

48
11
29

19

Women

Table B-6: Women employees in manufacturing, by iidnstry-CoitiiieJ

Industry

Number
(in thousands)

Apr.
I960
Nondurable

Percent
of total
employment

pr
I960
Nondurable

Goods—Continued

TOBACC/) MANUFACTURES
Cigarettes
Cigars
Tobacco and snuff
•.
Tobacco stemming and redrying. ......

39.2
15.1*
19.1
2.5
2.2

1*1.1
15.9
20.6
2.8
1.8

TEXT ILE-MILL PRODUCTS
Scouring and combing plants
Yarn and thread mills
Broad-woven fabric mills
Narrow fabrics and smallwares..
Knitting mills
Dyeing and finishing textiles
Carpets, rugs, other floor coverings
Hats (except cloth andvmillinery)...
Miscellaneous textile goods

1*11.6
1.0
k$.k
31*7.8
15.8
151.6
19.3
11.1
k.2
15.1*

1*16.2
.9
1*7.1*
150.9
16.0
31*9.9
19.1
11.7

APPAREL AND OTHER FINISHED TEXTILE
PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings and
work clothing
Women's outerwear.
Womeri's, children's under garments..
Millinery
Children's outerwear
Fur goods
Miscellaneous apparel and accessories
Other fabricated textile products...

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills...
Paperboard containers and boxes
Other paper and allied products

PRINTING, PUBLISHING, AND ALLIED
INDUSTRIES
Newspapers
Periodicals
Books
Commercial printing
NOTE:

Industry

T p r T Apr. Apr,
1959 I960 1959

971.6
77.2

91*6.0
72.1

296.8
283.0
10U.2
13.2
$9.9
1.7
1*7.0
88.6

278.6
283.7

118.3
31.0
36.7
50.6

102.6
12.6
61.2
1.9

1*5.7
87.6
116.1*
30.6
37.1*
1*8.1*

21*3.1

233.5

30.2
29.1

28*5
26.0

59.0

57.6

55.6

Apr. Apr. Apr.
1959 I960 1959

19.0
12.7
19.7

17.6
11.6
19.0

15.8

17.5

62
11
*
26

158.3
9.0
1*8.0
38.9

152.6
8.3
1*6.1
38.1*

18
8
31*
37

12.8
10.7

11.7
10.6

23

3.3
32.6

2.3
3.1*
31.3

PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COAL..
Petroleum refining.
Coke, other petroleum and coal
products

17.1
33.8

17.2
3*l
l.*

3.3

2.8

RUBBER PRODUCTS
Tires and inner tubes.
Rubber footwear
Other rubber products.

61*. 0
31*. 1
12.3

58.0
33.3
9.0

37.6

35.7

52
28

185.8

187.8

52

k.2

k.6

12

1.1*
7.9
135.2
7.1
20.U

1.8
8.2
138.2
7.0
19.2

37
13
*

9.6

8.8

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Industrial inorganic chemicals
Industrial organic chemicals
Drugs and medicines.
Soap, cleaning and polishing
preparations
,
Paints, pigments, and fillers
Gum and wood chemicals
Fertilizers
Vegetable and animal oils and fats....
Miscellaneous chemicals
..

4

.5

V

1
9
30

66

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS
Leather: tanned, curried, and
finished
Industrial leather belting and
packing
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings.
Footwear (except rubber)
Luggage
Handbags and -small leather goods
Gloves and miscellaneous leather
goods

Data relate to the United States without Alaska and Hawaii.




Percent
of total
employment

Goods—Continued

PRINTING, PUBLISHING, AND ALLIED
INDUSTRIES—Continued
Lithographing
Greeting cards
Bookbinding and related industries....
Miscellaneous publishing and printing
services.

16*. 2

Number
(in thousands)

a
67

60

20

State Industry Employment

Table B-7: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry division and State
(In thousands)
Mining

June
19S9

June
I960
Alabama.. . .
Arizona. .. .
Arkansas. . .
California.
Colorado...

757.5
323.2
361*. 0
M2U.6
501.6

Connecticut
Delaware.
District of Columbia.
Florida
Georgia

(1)
155.2
519.1+
1,259.2
1,020.6

Idaho
Illinois.
Indiana. .
Iowa
Kansas. . .

155.U
3,1*1*5.1
1,1+19.7

758.1
325.5
361*. 2
1*, 777.0
1*88.8
899.2

152.3
518.3
1,280.8
1,022.1+
153.0

7U8.7
300.2
356.9
U, 662.0
1*96.1
887.5
153.5
515.7
1,222.5
1,007.2

June
I960

May
I960 .

June
1959

Contract construction
June
June
I960
I960
1959

12.7
16.1
6.1*
33.3
15.1;

1*6.0
30.8
21.7
308.2
36.2

1*1*. 0
30.7
20.0
302. k
32.9

1*6.1
26.0
20.0
293.6
38.0

(2)
(3)
(3)
7.6
5.7
3.6
29.7
10.7
U.2
18.9
29.1
1*6.7

(1)
12.5
22.5
ID4.6
57.0

1*6.9
12.1
21.7
ID.*.!*

55.8

1*1*. 1
13.1
22.9
130.1
60.5

11.1
181.0
72.1
1*2.5
31*. 8

10.5
178.3
66.8
38.0
32.6

11.6
178.7
66.6
1*3.6
39.9

36.7
55.6
16.5
66.7
85.6

3l*.5
55.3
15.2
63.7
82.2

1*0.1
60.3
16.5
68.7
89.1

98.6

108.8
61.8
26.0
69.h
13.1

55i*.5

1,1*12.9
678.5
552.0

157.6
3,1+57.1*
1,10.8.3
67U.2
560.1;

637.0
778.0
286.0
901.7
1,903.0

639.8
776.5
273.6
893.1;
1,881.1

638.1
778.8
283.3
898.5
1.890.9

Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Mont ana

2,283.0
9hO.k
396.3
1,315.1;
167.1

2,281*.l
930.3
397.6
1,305.8
160.8

2,303.5
936.3
388.6
1,319.8
169.3

15.9
19.7
6.3
8.2
8.9

99.3
63.5
25.2
61.7

Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey. . . .
New Mexico. . . .

372.7
101.9
197.1
1,99U.7
239.1+

370.1}

370.3
97.3
193.8
1,958.6
235.0

3.1
3.2
.3
3.7
20.2

New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota...
Ohio
Oklahoma

6,236.3
1,11*6.1
130.1;
3,11+8.9
570.6

Oregon
Pennsylvania. . .
Rhode Island...
South Carolina.
South Dakota...

5H.3
3,695.8
281.U
558.6
11*0.5

Tennessee.
Texas
Utah| 4 . . .
Vermont...
Virginia..

89U.1
2,5H*.6
266.6
108.9
1,015.3

Washington....
West Virginia.

816.5
1*56.8
1,190.8

Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts

Wisconsin
Wyoming

>
.

*

97.2

3,1+29.0

98.8

192.2
1,977.1*
236.2
6,202.1;
1,150.9
126. k
3,ll*l+.7

567.8
1*96.1
3,688.1
278.6
557.9
136.8
887.1
2,506.9
26U.3
106.0
l,om. 5
805.0
1*58.0
1,172.7
93.5

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




CO

2.1*
(3)

12.1

1,123.0
131.2
3,138.9
572.0

10.6
3.1
2.1*
20.5
1*9.5

23.5
7.5
9.$
106.0
19.5
295.2
66.0
13.2
159.1*
33.2

5OU.3
3,71*0.7
282.0
51*l*.l*
139.0

1.2
67.6
(3)
1.6
2.6

888.0
2,1*88.5
261.2
109.6
995.8
809.5
1*62.6
I,l81i.7
93.2

9

tUU

55.3
23.9
58.1*
10.1}
22.6

7.5

8.9
10U.7
19.6

2U.2
7.5
9.8

96.1
22.6

286.3
6U.6
11.3
152.7
32.2

289.9
63.8
15.1
157.2
37.1

28.3
185.3
12.9
38.9
11.6

25.8
175.6
12.3
38.3
10.9

25.0
192.0
13.1
32.6
11.3

8.0
132.1
li*.7
1.2
17.1*

5o.l*
172.1
16.1
6.9
77.1*

1*6.8
167.7
15.1
6.3
76.1

1.7
63.1
l

50.1
20.1*
60.6
10.7

1*7.9
19.3
^k.9
11.1

1*8.7
175.5
16.8
7.1*
72.8
1*6.8
20.3
59.3

9.9

21

State Industry Employment

Table 6-7: Employees in nonagricultural establishments, by industry division and State-Continued
(In thousands)
Transportation and
public utilities

Manufacturing

Wholesale and retail trade

June
I960
Alabama... .
Arizona. ...
Arkansas. . .
California.
Colorado...
Connecticut.........
Delaware.
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia

June
1959

June
I960

May
I960

June
1959

June
i960

238.1
1*9.3
102.2
l,28l.U
8$. 8

2U0.1
1*7.1
100.5
1,281;. 6
82.6

1*9.1*
25.2
28.1;
356.1*
ll

1*9.1*
21*. 5
28.1
353.1*
1*3.1*

U9,
2l*.l
28.3
352.1

151.1
78.6
81.6
1,069.1*
119.1*

150.2
78.6
81.5
1,01*8.6

(1)
60.3
20.1
202.7
335.2

1*01;. 8

(1)
10.8
28.3
98.1
72.5

1*1*. 7

1*1*. 6
ll.l
28.2
97.1
71.7

(1)
28.9
8U.1

156.1*
28.1;
81*.O

31*9.2
223.8

359.U

15.3
289.0
96.3
55.3
56.3

38.9
727.5
275.7
170.1*
128.1*

38.5
723.8
271*. 9
169.6
127.5

152.8
28.0
82.5
332.2
215.0
39.2
718.6
273.2
167.0
129.8

53.U

11*0.0
181;. 8

136.3
181.1;
51*. 7
187.3
385.2

59.7

10.8
28.3
98.7
72.9

Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine.
Maryland
Massachusetts.

167.1
li+3.3
109.1
259.1*
693.0

I69.O
11+2.2
101.1;
257.9
687.1

20.1
193.9
337.8
30.3
1,233.7
608.9
180.8
121.0
170.5
ll*l*.9
108.8
267.3
699.2

Michigan
Minnesota...
Mississippi.
Missouri....
Montana

952.7
229.3
119.0
396.U
21.0

958.1
227.5
118.2
391.8
19.8

968.5
226.5
117.2
395.2
20.5

136.9
85.lt

65.8
5.3

6)4.5
5.2

6U.8
5.6
87.lt
798.5
18.0

38.3
9.$
9.8

11*9.3
20.7

1,897.1
1*89.1
7.1*
1,291.0
88.9

1*87.7
65.6
13.5
208.8
1-8.2

155.0
1,1*69.1;
119.U
235.0
13.6
301;. 8
1*95.3
1*1*. 1
36.5

1*5.7
281.1*
15.3
26.1*
10.2

Uh.3
281.3
15.1
26.1

267.9

55.8
228.3
23.0
7.8
8U.0

55.6
226.7
22. h
7.7
83.7

228.7
131.1*
1*70.0
7.1

62.7
1*5.1
76.6
12.3

60.8
1*1*. 8
75.5
11.8

Idaho.. . .
Illinois.
Indiana..
Iowa
Kansas. . .

Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey. . . .
New Mexico....
New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota. . .
Ohio
Oklahoma

30.1
1,192.8
59U.1
177.2
l

87.9

86.9

793.7
18.0
1,900.8
1*91.9
7.1
1,268.3
88.3

787.5
17.1*

150.0
1,1*36.7
119.1

1,898.9

1*90.1*
6.9
I,27lu9
87.3

13.2

11*2.5
l,i|39.8
117.U
238.7
13.1

Tennessee.
Texas
Utah ^ ...
Vermont...
Virgina...

311.6
1*91.6

1*90.0

272.9

3$.Q
273.3

Washington....
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming

220.7
130.0
1*58.9
7.1*

217.9
128.U
1*51*. 9
6.7

Oregon
Pennsylvania.. .
Rhode Island...
South Carolina.
South Dakota. . .

239.6

H6.9
36.0

308.9

1*5.8

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




June
1959

12.7.3

223.1

11*6.1;
72.5
80.3
1,012.9
119.5

15.3
288.1*
93.0
56.1
55.2

15.0
286.3
93.3

52.0
85.1*
18.1
73.2
107.6

51.7
85.3
17.7
73.2
106.8

85.3
18.1*
72.9
108.8

191.2
393.5

55.o

139.9
181*. 5
51*. 0
187.8
387.1*

136.8
81*.l*
25.1
119.7
19.3

11*0.5
86.7
25.1
123.6
20.1

1*29.6
229.5
8)4.5
303.2
38.7

1*31.1
227.7
81;. 0
301.1
38.5

1*1*0.9
229.1
82.6
305.3
39.9

37.5
9.1*

39.1

90.1*
21.1*
31*. 5
373.6
50.9

90.5
20.6
33.7
367.7
1*9.5

90.8
20.2
33.0
365.1
1*9.2

1*92.1
63.1*
13.5
212.0
1*8.1*
1*5.7
289.1*
15.0
25.8
10.1

1,279.2
215.9
38.1
602.1
13U.8

1,268,1*
215.6
37.7
$99.h
133.5

l,251*.l*
209.1*
37.6

111.5
693.3
51.1

109.8
689.9
51.1

38.1

37.5

108.2
696.3
52.1;
98.3
38.5

55.8

190.2
61*5.0
60.0

I89.O
61*3.7
59.1
20.3
213.1

190.2
628.9

176.1
82.1;
21*0.5
19.6

1714.3
83.8

25.U

120.6
19.7

51*. 9
5U.1*

9.8
H<A9

20.7
1*87.5
65.1
13.1
208.5
1*7.1*

9.9

9.U

10.0
11*2.3
20.9

229.3
23.0
7.7

85.3
61.8
1*6.6
76.7
12.5

97.7

20.9

21J4.0
179.3
82.8

21*2.9
20.5

97.7

595.9

132.7

58.6

20.6
209.5
237.0
19.7

22

stry Employment

Table B-7: Employees in iionasricultnral establishments, by industry division and State-Continued
(In thousands)
Finance, irsurance,
and real estate

Service and miscellaneous

June

I960

Government

June

June

June

May
I960

June
1959

29.8
Hi.6
12.1
2U0.0
23.7

29.1*
lii.5
12.0
238.7
23.5

30.3
13.5
11.9
226.5
23.8

71*. 5
1*3.1
1*2.6
651.8
70.7

71*. 1
1*3.7
1*2.1
61*3.2
68.3

7U.1
39.6
1*1.7
617.1*
69.8

156.0
65.8
69.0
885.7
101;. 6

158.8
68.7
72.6
881.1*
101;. 1

11*9.9
61.3
67.8
8U1.6
102.5

(1)
5.8
25.1*
7U.0
1*3.1

51.0
5.7
25.2
73.6
1*2.8

1*9.6
5.8
26.2
72.0
1*1.8

(1)
17.9
80.2
193.5
97.0

103.3
16.9
79.7
198.8
97.1

101.5
17.7
76.9
182.1;
96.0

(1)
19.0
258.8
218.6
186.2

93.6
19.0
259.3
220.7
188.5

90.0

17U.
53.9

S.h
176.2
52.6
29.9

18.8

176.3
5U.3
31.0
22.1

19.2
1*21*. 1
126.1
83.1
67.0

33.1*
1*16.9
190.6
116.1
110.6

32.7
1*17.1
190.2
119.0
11U.8

33.0
1*07.1*
183.8

68.5

18.5
1*29.3
129.7
88.6
68.1*

Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland 5 ...
Massachusetts.

22.7
32.3
8.8
1*3.1
98.2

22.3
32.0
8.8
1*2.5
97.5

78.8
92.1
30.5
117.6
280.5

81.7
92.2*
28.6
116.U
275.2

76.8
90.1;
30.U
lll*.l
27l*.l*

109.6
11*1.9
1*8.0
31*8.1
2UU.6

110.9
11*3.2
1*7.9
11*9.5
21*1*. 9

109.8
138.1*
1*5.8
11*3.6
238.2

Michigan....
Minnesota...
Mississippi.
Missouri
Montana

76.8
U6.U
12.1
66.2
6.3

76.5
1*5.7
12.1
65.1
6.3

75.5
1*5.2

235.5
122.4
38.8
161U
21.1*

235.0
121;. 0
39.1
165.0
20.U

235.9
121.1
38.3
161;. 2
21.8

335.6
11*6.1*
81;. 9
195.2
1*0.3

331.7
11*6.5
88.8
196.9
38.6

317.5
11*6.3
81.3
187.3
38.8

Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire.
New Jersey....
New Mexico....

21.3
3.2
7.2
89.1*
8.6

20.8
3.1
7.1
89.1
8.5

20.7
2.9
6.9

53.0
33.3
25.2
21*1.1*
36.8

52.9
31.2
22.9
237.6

52.5

35.9

30.8
21-. 2
232.7
31*. 9

77.2
18.3
22.6
237.6
63.8

78.6
18.1;
22.6
238.3
63.5

75.2
17.7
22.2
231.6
60.5

New York
North Carolina.
North Dakota. . .
Ohio
Oklahoma

U82.U
39.0
5.0
115.3
21*. 5

960.1
107.1*
19.0
373.7

91*9.2
106.1;
19.0
373.1*
61*. 5

936.1
106.7
18.6
360.1
65.6

821.0
32.1
l;00.6
131.5

821.1
166.5
31.2
1*01.9
133.1;

793.1*
151.1
31.8
391.1
125.5

Oregon
Pennsylvania...
Rhode Island...
South Carolina.
South Dakota. ..

20.0
1U7.U
12.1
17.0
5.7

1*81.0
38.5
5.0
113.1*
21*. 1*
19.8
11*5.8
12.0
16.9

58.9
1*56.2
32.8
1*1*.!*
19.0

58.6
1*53.1
32.6
111*. 3
19.1

9U.I*
1*31.8
37.9
92.8
39.8

U36.6
37.9.
91*. 2
38.7

93.9

91.1
1*27.2
37.1*
90.2
38.5

Tennessee..
Texas
Utah *
Vermont....
Virginia 5

35.1
120.5
n.2
3.8
1*2.9

31*. 8
118.5
11.2
3.8
1*2.2

101.5
30^.7
33.3

101.0
299.1

11*2.5
1*25.3
60.8
16.1
193.8

37.9
12.3
1*3.1
2.7

37.3
12.1
1*2.2
2.7

Alabama
Arizona....
Arkansas...
California.
Colorado...
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Florida
Georgia
Idaho....
Illinois.
Indiana..
Iowa
Kansas...

Washington....
West Virginia.
Wisconsin
Wyoming
2
Not available.
2
Combined with construction.
5
Combined with service.
k
Revised series; not strictly
5

30.1
21.7

21.6
22.1
31.1*
8.7
1*2.2
96.0

n.7
66.6
6.2

88.6
8.7
1*70.8
36, U
1*.9
111.3
2k. 3
19.5
11*5.7
12.1
16.6

5.1*
31*. 0
117.1
10.9
3.8
1*1.9
37.2
12.1*
1*2.0
2.6

1*31*.!*

129.5
87.0

6U.U
60.2
1*58.9
33.0
1*1*.5
19.6
101.3
307.1
31*. 2

16.3
113.2
98.8
2M.3
12.1;

15.0
112.5
97.1
1*5.1*
11*3.8
10.5

33.5
16.2
111.3
91*. 8
1*5.1*
11*0.6
11.3

156.5

165.1
61.1
160.2
21.1;

1)43.2
1*32.2
63.2
15.9
196.5
166.1
65.0
157.2
21.5

18.1
258.9
207.2
178.7

110.3
105.9

11*5.5
1*11.2

59.6
16.2
189.7
161;. 2
59.6
155.0
20.6

comparable with previously published data.
Federal employment in the Maryland and Virginia sectors of the District of Columbia metropolitan area is included in data for
District of Columbia.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.




Area Industry Employment
Table B-8: Employees in uonagricuttHral establishments for selected areas, by industry division
(In thousands)

June
i960

June
1959

June

Mining
Contract construction..
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade
Finance
Servi ce
Government

196.5
8.2
11.1
6O.9
15.8
45.7
11.9
23.4
19.5

195.5
8.3
1.
10

59.8
15.7
45.2

Mining
Contract construction..
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

197.0
8.1
10.7
62.8
15.9

45.9

11.9
23.1
20.5

11.7
23.O
18.9

92.1
(1)
5.3
17.5
10.2
19.7
3.7
10.0
25.7

91.6
(1)
5.2
17.9
10.3
18.7
4.2
10.3
25.0

93.2
(1)
5.2
I8.7
10.3
19.7
3.7
10.0
25.6

172.0
.6
17.5
32.9
12.6
46.4
10.4
22.0
29.6

79.4

77.9

(1)
7.0

(1)

(1)
6,1

18.5

6.1
15.4
7.9
18.7

5.1

5.0

5.0

11.6
14.3

11.4
14.9

11.2
14.0

8.0

15.1

12.6

TOTAL
34.2

34.5

12.1

12.7

8.0

18.3

36.4

2,318.0
12.8
142.4
763.1
143.5
510.5
120.2
332.7
292.8

260.9
.6
21.5
66.8
14.4
53.3
11.3
36.7
56.3

259.6
.6
20.8
67.O
14.2
53.0
11.3
36.3
56.4

257.9
.6
22.5
72.6
13.7
50.9
10.5
33.3
53.8

TOTAL
11.5

12.1

12.6
140.8
766.3
143.6
506.5
119.6
328.8
292.9

66.1
2.7
6.9
8.3
5.7
15.5
2.6
10.2
14.2

156.8
.4
15.2
29.9
12.0
42.2
9.6

19.9
27.6

COLORADO

TOTAL
Mining
1
Contract construction..
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

OO

160.8
.2
12.6

I89.I
.1
16.7
66.9
9.1
34.2
7.2
28.7
26.2

185.3
16.2
65.1
9.0
33.5
7.1
28.3
26.0

I69.I
.1
15.6
57.8
8.7
31.6
6.5
25.2
23.6

233.6

232.1

10.8
89.9
9.9
44.1
30.2
24.2
24.4

12.0

1.4
24.3
1.8
5.3
.8
3.1
3.0

313*8
4.4
23.4
62.5
30.2
76.9
17.7
44.3
54.4

306.6
4.2
23.8
58.1
29.9
77.2
18.2
42.7
52.5

306.8
21.2
61.0
29.7
75.4
17.6
43.3
54.3

973.7
2.0
61.7
200.0
106.2
211.8
65.5
132.4
194.1

CONNECTICUT

39.7
24.4
1.8
5.3
.8
3.1
2.9

(3)
3)
3)

3
3)
(3

(

122.9

120.6

00

5.0
65.5
5.5
20.1

3^
11.4
9.8

121.4

00

OO
5.6
66.1
5.61
19.9
3.3
H.5
9.5

Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

130.8
(1)

9.3
56.8
8.6
23.0
5.3
14.7
13.1

See footnotes at end of table.

561163 O - 60 - 5




87.8
9.7
44.3
30.1
24.4
23.8

6.7
43.8
12.1
23.5
6.3
18.4
12.0

58.4

57.4

66.4

65.6

67.O

O
O

00

00

2.1
38.0
2.9
9.9
1.6
6.3

00

00

2.0
37.5
2.9
9.8
1.6
6.1

2.0
39.3
2.8
9.6
1.6
6.1
5-7

300.7

305.9

3.9
23.1

43.7
12.3
23.3
6.5
18.4
11.7

2.8

11.7
2.3

10.6
5.2

3.6
22.8
2.7

11.5
2.3

10.3
5.2

Washington

130.3
(1)

9^
57.2
8.8
22,4
5.2
14.5
12.6

714.2
(1)
52.7
34.5
46.2
142.2
37.6
114.2
286.8

713.0
(1)
51.3
34.5
46.2
141.8
37.3
114.6
287.3

3.7
22.5
2.8
11.3
2.2
10.0

4.9

FLORIDA

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA

128.6
(1)
9.0
56.2
8.6
22.7
5.2
13.7
13.2

00

00

Wilmington

Mining
Contract construction..

.1

59.6

122.5

DELAWARE

TOTAL

27.5
10.9
30.6
6.7
14,6
57.7

Waterbury

00,

1.5
23.9
1.8
5.3
.8
3.1
2.9

5.4

14.3
2.4
9.2
12.9

169.7
.2
13.9
29.2
10.5
33.7
6.8
15.8
59.6

Bridgeport

CONNECTICUT—Continued

39.6

2.5

10.3
15.0

62.1
2.7
6.0
9.2

170.5
.2
14.4
28.9
10.7
33.7
6.8
16.0
59.8

New Britain

39.4

66.7
2.7
6.9
8.3
5.5
15.5

Sacramento

2,254.0
13.1
132.1
769.3
141.1
489.8
112.8
3L6.6
279.2

988.7
1.9
61.2
200.8
IO3.6
216.8
67.3
136.8
200.3

995.5
1.9
62.5
202.5
103.9
218.8
67.5
137.1
201.3

Denver

11.6

June
1959

San Diego

CALIFORNIA—Continued

Mining
Contract construction..
Manufacturing
» .. . .
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade,
Finance
Service
Government

May
I960

CALIFORNIA—Continued
San FranciscoOakland 2

San BernardinoRiver si de-Ontario

Mining
Contract construction..
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util...
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

174.8
.6
17.6
32.9
12.6
46.7
10.3
22.9
31.2

CALIFORNIA
Los AngelesLong Beach

79.4

14.9

June

I960

Mobile

ARKANSAS
Little RockN. Little Rock

TOTAL

June
1959

I960

ARIZONA

Birmingham

TOTAL

June
I960

LABAMA

Industry division

Jacksonville

704.9
(1)
52.1
34.0
45.8
138.9
36.9
111.4
285.8

139.6
(1)
10.9
19.7
13.9
41.4
18.0
22.3

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

139.4
(1)
10.9
19.9
14.1
41.2
13.3
17.9
22.1

138.1
(1)

11.9
20.2
14.4
39.6
13.1
17.3
21.6

(1)

24.3
41.8
34.3
85.5
19.4
59.3
36.1

(1)

24.2
42.9
34.9
86.7
19.4
62.0
35.8

292.0
(1)

27.2
41.6
34.5
78.9
19.4
56.3
34.1

24

Tails M : Eapliyiis ii niairiciltiral istablislmts fir silictii1 arias, b iiiistry Jivisiii- Cutined
y

(In thousands)

June
I960
Industry division

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.,
Trade
Finance
Servi ce
Government

Maty

I960

21.2
36.1
14.4
56.9
10.6
26.2
26.1

21.3
35.9
14.2
57.9
10.6
26.2
26.2

185.8
(1)
22.7
34.4
13.8
54.4
9.9
26.2
24.4

361.8
(1)
21.0
85.O
36.0
96.6
25.4
47.4
50.4

21.2
84.5
35.7
96.7
25.5
47.4
50.1

55*3
21.8
88.1
35.1
93.1
25.1
46.6
48.1

Mining
,
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
,
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
,
Service
Government
,

2,378.3 2,398.2
6.0
6.1
113.9
113.2
877.7
852.6
203.8
200.2
501.0
506.0
141.4
139.8
325.3
326.1
229*1
234.4

62.6
1.7
2.9
23.9
4.5
14.1
2.3
7.3
5.9

Mining
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.,
Trade
,
Finance
Service
,
Government

64.5
1.6
2.8
26.0
4.6
14.1
2.3
7.3
5.8

I'
6.0

80.3
3.6
33.7
6.7
17.8
4.3
7.9
6.3

Des Moines

82.6

81.9

(1)

(1)
3.1

3.3
39.3
4.7
15.1
3.8
10.6
5.8

39.1
4.8
15.0
3.8
10.4
5.7

84.0
(1)
3.3
41.3
4.9
15.1
3.7
10.1
5.6

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

4.2
16.2
6.3
12.3

6.3
7.8

6.3
7.3

2.4

100.3

(1)
6.2

(1)

23.3

22.8
8.8
25.0
11.1
14.0
13.9

5.0

9.0

25.3
11.5
14.1
14.0

243.0
(1)
14.9
83.9
21.7
52.6
11.6
31.2
27.1

244.4

(1)
14.6
84.5
21.6
52.9
11.6
32.7
Lewiston-Auburn
26.6

27.3

26.8

(1)

(1)

1.2

1.2

14.3

14.0

5.3
.7
3.3
1.5

5.1
.7
3.3
1.5

1.0

1.0

101.4
(1)
6.0
23.5
8.7
25.0
11.3
13.7
13.4




3.6
I'.l
5.3

25.2
(1)
2.2
2.7
2.5
7.3
1.6
3.6
5.3

8O.5
(1)
3.4
34.0
6.7
17.7
4.3
7.9
6.5

Indianapolis

291.9

292.5

291.7

15.0
101.2
20.5
64.9
19.2
31.2
39.9

14.4
102.0
21.0
65.5
19.0
30.9
40.0

14.1
103.4
21.9
64.3
18.4
30.3
39.3

117.4

118.1

5.8
44.1
7.3
25.3
5.4
14.8
13.1

5.7
44.7
7.2
25.4
5.3
14.7
13.4

125.2
1.9
7.5
48.9
7.4
26.3
5.4
14.9
13.1

(1)

4.4
35.7
6.7
18.0
4.2
7.9
6.4

(l)

47.4

4.1
6.5
7.3
9.4
2.7
6.6

3.7
6.5
7.2
9-3
2.6
6.6
11.5

.1

11.5

.1

48.3
.1

3.4
6.8
7.2
9.6
2.5
6.5
12.3

1.9

1.9

LOUISIANA

246.2
(1)
15.9
87.I
22.6
52.2
11.6
30.5
26.4

New Orleans

70.5
•3
7.0
18.0
4.6
14.5
3.3
7.9
14.9

71.7
17.9
4.6
14.4
3

I*

8.1
16.4

71.6
.4
7.9
18.5
4.6
15.1
3.2
7.8
14.1

280.8
7.7
17.2
45.6
42.2
73.4
16.5
41.2
36.9

MA NE

27.1
(1)
1.1
14.5
.9
5.2
.7
3.3
1.4

281.5
7.5
17.0
45.3
42.2
73.4
16.4
41.7
38.O

Shreveport

281.7
8.0
19.0
46.5
44.1
72.4
15.9
40.7
35.1

MARYLAND

53.1
(1)
3.1
12.8
5.7
14.8
3.6
8.2
4.9

51.2
(1)
3.0
11.8
5.6
14.4
3.6
8.1
4.7

52.5
(1)
3.1
13.0
5.6
14.6
3.5
8.2
4.5

621.2
.9
39.^
196.0
55.2
125.7
32.3
81.1
90.6

617.2
.9
37.1
195.7
55.3
123.9
32.1
8O.9
91.3

42.2

42.1

23.9
1.6
7.4

24.1
1.6
7.4

24.2

3.2

3.2

3.2

72.7

72.1

5.1

5.1

6.8
9.0
9.3
19.6
3.2
9.5
10.2

49.6

49.8

50.1

1.4
27.4
2.2
8.5

1.3
27.9
2.1
8.5

1.5
27.2
2.2
8.6

3.7

3.8

4.0

1)
6.9
69.5
8.4
30.2
8.1
21.6
19.0

NOTE: Data for t h e current month are preliminary.

163.4
(1)
6.7
69.4
8.3
30.4
8.1
21.5
19.0

6.5
8.9
9.2
19.6
3.2
9.4
10.2

72.1
5.1
7.2
9.1
9.0
19.4
3.2
9.1
10.0

MASSACHUSETTS

622.0
.9
40.5
203.2
55.0
123.7
31.8
78.2
88.7

1,070.6 1,057.4
(1)
(1)
53.0
50.9
292.4
289.I
68.4
68.9
248.8
244.9
73.8
73.3
192.5
189.6
141.2
141.2

Sprlngfield-Holyoke

New Bedford '

42.1

See footnotes at end of table.

2.5
2.5

l!6
3.7
5.4

2.3

MASSACHUSETTS—Cont i nued

Mining
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

2.5
2.5

(1)
2.0

INDIANA

48.1

Baton Rouge

Fall River

TOTAL

24.8

(1)
2.1

KANSAS

103.3

Louisville

Mining
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
,
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

3.6
15.8
6.6
12.8

25.1

Topeka

KENTUCKY

TOTAL

(l)

IOWA

South Bend

54*9

(l)

Fort Wayne

62.3
1.7
2.7
23.8
4.4
14.1
2.3
3

INDIANA—Cont nued

TOTAL...

&
3.5
15.7
6.4
02.9
2.4
6.3
7.5

Evansville

Chicago

TOTAL

June
1959

Atlanta

ILLINOIS

3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

May
I960

6E0R8IA

FLORIDA—Continued
TampaSt. Petersburg

?>

June
1959

May
196

June
1959

June
I960

June
1959

165.4
(1)
7.2
71.5
8.5
30.2
7.9
21.9
18.2

55.2
303.9
70.0
243.5
71.8

Worcester

4.0
51.2
4.3
19.3
5.1
12.2

109.4
(1)
3.9
19.4
5.0
12*2

109.1
(1)
4.6
51.0
4.5
19.0
5.0
11.9
13.1

25

Area Industry Employment

Table B-8: E«pliyees in neiafriciltvral establishieits fir selectei areas, by iriistry divisiei-Ciitiml

(In thousands)
June
1959

June
i960

June
I960

June
1959

June
I960

June
1959

June
I960

June
1959

Industry division

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Servi ce
Government

1,169.6
117.1
117.5
.8
(1)
(l)
o
49.0
3.9
3.8
69.1
514.3
69.9
4.4
71.1
4.5
17.2
230.8
17.0
2A
46.7
2.4
9.5
129.5
10.5
9.h
127.3
MICHIGAN—Continued
10 A
MuskegonSaginaw
Muskegon Heights

1,159.8
.8
HO.9
512.3
69.9
227.0
1*7.6
130.6
130.7

1,162A
.8
41.4
514.8
70.1
228.1
47.4
130.8
129.0

45-5
45-9
(1)
(1)
l.k
l.k
26.3
25.7
2.5
2.5
6.7
6.8
.8
.9
3.9
3.9
k.2
4.3
MISSISSIPPI

45.4

{1

K

1.6
26.0
2.2
6.8
.8
3.8
4.3

53.6
(1)
2.9
24.7
5.1
10.2
1.3
5.3
k.2

62.9
1.0

61.2
1.1

5.9

5.6

k.9

11.1
k.k
lk.1
k.k
8.7
12.8

11.0
k.k
14.5
k.k
8.7
13.3
NEBRASKA.

11.5
4.5
14.2
k.3
8.5
12.2

63.O
1.0

112.9
(1)

4.3
65.3
4.4

n.k
2.3
9.0
10.2

368.6
.9
8.7
106.1
41.2
95.0
24.8
48.3
43.6

( 1 )

,
5.6
49.4
8.0
23.6
4.1
13.5
9.4

53.7
(1)
2.8
25.2
k.9
10.2
1.2
5.2
k.2

39.7
(1)
2.0
7.9
6.5
9.5
1.8
7.0
5.1

160.8
(4)
10.6
37.3
20.5
35.8
12.6
23.9
20.1

159.3
(4)
10.0

36.8

20.1

35.8

12.5
23.9
20.4

158.2
(4)
10.1
36.k
21.0
36.0
12.3
23.2
19.2

Newark 7
TOTAL....,
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

645.2
1.0
27.6
242.0
45-3
126.1
1*5.1
89.8
68.3

639.3
1.0
26.1
238.9
45.2
125.3
44.9
89.2
68.7

635.2
1.2
27.1
242.8
1+3.2
122. k
44.8
87.6
66.1

386.7
.9
25.2
107.2
42.7
95.9
24.6
48.4
41.8

81.7

81.0

(1)
8.6
7.7
6.7

(1)
8.4
1*1
6.6

356.3
.4
20.3
159.2
21.1
72.8
12.4
38.4
31.7

225.6
(1)
10.0
65.3
17.5
44.9
8.6
31.4
48.0




41.6
(1)
2.7
8.7
6.9
9*6
1.7
7.1
k.9

5^3.6
(1)
32.2
151.2
51.1
132.3
3k.k
73.0
69.3

88.1
(1)
4.0
29.4
3.3
15.7
2.9
8.1
24.8

89.6

(l)
4.8
30.6
3.4
15.7
2.9
7.9
24.4

358.5
2l!8
164.4
19.8
71.3
12.3
37.4
31.2

175.3
.7
9.2
87.9
9.1
27.4
3.3
13.2
24.5

173.8
.6
9.0
87.2
9.0
27.3
3.2
13.1
24.4
NEW YORK

732.0
3.0
38.1
267.6
67.6
151.6
36.3
90.3
77.5

%?
33.6
148.9
52.1
131.5
33.4
71.5
68.5

20.4
(1)
1.8
3.1
2.3
5.8
(1)
4.1
3-3

19.8
(l)
1.6
3.1
2.2
5.6

20.8
(1)
2.3
3.2
2.2
5.7

4.0
3.3

4.2
3.2

NEW.JERSEY
Jersey City
42.6
(1)
2.2
18.4
2.8
8.2
2.4
5.3
3.3

258.3

259.1

260.0

8.7
118.3
38.2
38.O
9.1
20.5
25.5

8.3
119.1
38.5
37.9
9.1
20.6
25.6

7.6
121.6
37.4
37.8
8.9
20.6
26.1

Trenton
169.1
8/7
84.6
8.7
26.8
3.2
12.6
23.8

Binghamton
78.1
(1)
3.6
39A
4.0
13.0
2.2
6.8
9.1

540.0
(1)
30.1
150.3
51.1
131.6
33.9
73.5
69.5
MONTANA
Great Falls

HAMPSHIRE

n

Alb anySchenectady->-Troy
78.7
(1)
Q.k
7.7
6.3
18.3
4.7
17.2
16.1

730.1
2.8
37.2
263.5
67.8
154.1
36.2
89.7
78.8

30.3
(6)
2.9
2.2

31.5
(6)
2.9
21
.

ftn

357.7
.4
20.5
159.7
21.3
72.8
12.6
38.8
31.6

(1)
4.5
29.5
3.3
15.7
2.9
8.2
9.5
24.7
MINN SOTA

Manchester

224.6
78.8
222.9
(1)
(1)
(1)
9.2
3.9
9.0
65.O
39.7
67.3
3.9
17.3
17.5
13.0
44.3
18.9
18.6
44.1
k.k
2.3
8.7
4.5
8.4
30.4
6.8
18.0
17.9
30.7
47.4
H.k
17.3
9.1
48.1
See footnotes at end of table. N T : Data for the current month are preliminary.
OE

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government
.

1.8
7.0
5.0

734.5
2.5
39.3
263.7
68.7
154.8
36.7
90.3
78.5
NEW

NEW MEXICO

Albuquerque

39.3
(1)
1.7
8.1
6.2

43.2
42.5
(1)
(1)
2.2
2.0
18.3
18.1
2.8
2.8
8.5
8.4
2.5
l.k
2.4
12
.
1.4
5.5
9.9
5.5
91
.
9.3
3.3
5.2
3.3
4.7
5.1
NEW JERSEY—Continued
PatersonPerth Amboy
Clifton-Passaic

32.4
(6)
2.8
2.1

88.8

St. Louis

Reno
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

113.2
(1)
6.3
49.4
8.0
23.2
4.1
12.7

Minneapolis-St. Paul

53.2
(1)
2.6
24.6
5.0
10.2
1.2
5.3
4.2

364.3
•9
8.0
102.5
41.3
94.5
24.4
48.1
44.6
NEVADA

112.9
(1)
5A
48.8
7.9
23.7
4.1
13.6
9.3

113.7

Kansas City

Jackson
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

Lansing

Grand Rapids

Detroit

104.8
.1
5.1
39.1
5.8
17.6
3.9
14.8
18.4

104.7
.1
4.8
39.2
5.7
17.6
3.9
14.9
18.5

103.5
.1
4.7
39.7
5.7
17.3
3.8
14.2
18.0

Buffalo
79.2
(1)

3.6

40.5
4.1
12.7
2.3
6.9
9.2

440.1
(1)
29.9
178.9
34.9
83.61
15.2
51.4
46.2

442.5
(1)
28.3
182.1
35.6
86.1
15.1
50.8
44.5

26

Area Industry Employment

Table B-8: Employees ii loiafriciltiril established fer selected areas, by industry division-Continued
(In thousands)
June
I960

I960

June
1959

June
June
June
I960
I960
1959
1959
NEW Y0RK— Continued
Nassau and
New York City
Suffolk Counties '

June
I960

Industry division
Elmira 5
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government
,

33.2

32.9

31.6

16.1

15.9

14.6

6.1

6.1

6.1

423.7
(1)
35.7
119.9
23.0
98.4
17.3
61.2
68.2

(3
3
3
3
3
(3
(3
(3)

217.8
(1)
9.9
105.0
9.7
39.3
7.8
2k.e
21.2

418.2
3,577.5
1.9
(1)
134.5
40.4
961.9
120.0
322.0
22.9
93.7
766.3
15.9
384.5
59.6
598.4
65.6
408.2
NEW YORK—

217.6
(1)
11.1
105 A
9.9
39.0
7.6
24.1
30.5

181.0
(1)
9.1
69.1
32.7
36.3
7.9
22.2
23.8

178.8
(1)
7.7
68.6
12.6
36.1
7.9
22.5
23.5

104.7
(1)
9.5
25.1*
10. 4

TOTAL
Mining
,
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub« util.,
Trade
,
Finance
,
Service
Government

175.7
.1
7.7
83.6
12.5
32.8
4.7
19.6
14.6

29.1
7.2
13.5
9.6

104.8
(1)
9.0
25.9
10.4
28.8
7.1
13.5
10.1

101.0
(1)
7.9
25.7
10.1
28.5
6.7
13.3
8.8

179.9

69.I
12.7
36.5
7.9
22.0
22.9

5,697.2
5.2
258.1
1,766.3
475.9
1,182.9
484.0
863.4
661.6

44.9

44.9

112.5
.5
4.7
57.2
6.4
20.1
3.2
11.4
9.0

112.3
.6
4.6
57.5
6.4
19.8
3.1
11.3
9.0

113.5
.6
4.5
58.0
6.5
20.1
3.1
11.8
8.9
OHIO — I

38.0

37.4

397.8
.3
21.5
154.0
32.5
78.6
20.2
49.2
41.5

53

225.5
(1)
18.2
65.2
14.9
48.8
11.0
39.7
27.7

257.3
I6!o
72.9
18.3
53.3
14.5
34.8
46.8

256.4
.7
15.0
73.1
I8.3
53.3
14.2
3^.7
47.3

NORTH DAKOTA

36.7

23.6
(1)
2.5
1.9
2.8
7.9
1.7
3.5
3.3

23.2
(1)
2.2
1.8
2.7
7.9
1.7
3.5
3.3

23.6
(1)
2.6
2.2
2.7
7.6
1.6
3.5
3.3

701.2
.5
34.0
288.7
45.0
140.0
31.5
85.9
75.6

698.6
.5
32.2
289.5
45.0
139.6
31.2
85.8
74.9

701.5
.5
35.0
291.6
46.2
138.8
30.8
85.O
73.7

Cincinnati
169.5
•1
8.1
78.2
12.6
32.6
4.6
19.2
14.2

397.9
.3
21.2
154.8
32.5
78.3
19.7
48.7
42.5

398.6
.3
20.7
156.4
32.7
79.1
19.5
48.9
40.8

254.1
.8
16.0
71.5
18.5
52.7
14.1
33.5
46.9

246.2
.
4
10.5
103.4
9.9
42.3
6.2
27.8
45.6

245.4
.4
9*7
103.5
9.8
42.2
6.1
27.8
45.7

Youngstown
247.8
.4
11.1
106.3
9.7
41.9
6.2
27.0
45.1

"I"

159.3
.2
9.1
59.4
13.4
35.3
6.0
21.3
14.6

OKLAHOMA

168.8
6.9
12 .4
20.0
12.2
41.4

9

-5

20.6
U5.8

See footnotes at end of table.




168.2
6.9
11.7
19.6
12.2
112
*.
9.5
20.6
46.5

224.5
(1)
18.8
64.2
15.2
47.8
11.0
40.7
26.8

Fargo

158.8
.2
8.4
59.6
13.3
35.0
5.8
21.5

14.9

155.6
.
2
8.1
58.2
13.8
34.5
5.6
21.1
14.1

OREGON

163.9
6.9
13.0
19.2
12.6
38.5
9.4
20.6
43.7

131.0
13.0
9.8
28.0
14.9
31.8
6.5
16.2
10.8

130.4
12.8
9.6
28.2
14.9
31.6
6.4
16.1
10.8

129.8
13.7
9.4
29.4
13.7
30.8
6.4
16.1
10.3

265.2

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

16.2
65.9
27.9
65.9
14.3
35.4
39.6

259-9
(1)
15.0
63.6
27.3
65.I
14.1
35.2
39.6

160.6
.4
8.3

76.9
9.4

tl

17.7
14.2

163.1
.4
8.1
79.5
9.4
29.6
4.1
17.7
14.3

170.2
.4
8.7
87.1
9.5
29.I
4.0
17.5
13.8

PENNSYLVANIA
AllentownBet hlehem-Easton

Oklahoma City
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
,
Service.
Government

5,628.0
5.3
258.9
1,768.2
473.3
1,150.9
473.9
845.1
652.4

224.3
(1)
18.3
65.4
15.0
47.9
10.9
39.6
27.1

Dayton
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
,
Finance
Service
Government

5,675.3
5.1
249.8
1,766.1
476.3
1,175.8
482.6
859.5
660.0

Westchester County
103.1
(1)
4.4
40.7
5.7
17.2

Winston-Salem

44.8

June
1959

New York-Northeastern
New Jersey

21.5

Akron
175.6
.1
7.2
83.6
12.5
32.7
4.6
19.9
14.8

3,529.3
1.9
132.4
959.0
323.9
746.2
376.7
584.1
405.1

100.8
(1)
3.8
39.5
5.6
16.4
3.7
9.9
21.8

102.0
(1)
4.4
39.5
5-7
16.7
3.8
10.0
21.9

NORTH CAROLINA
GreensboroHigh Point
TOTAL
Mining
,
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government
.'....

3,573.3
1.9
130.3
965.6
322.4
763.7
383.9
598.5
407.0

Utica-Ttome

Syracuse

Rochester
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government
,

416.0
(1)
34.8
119.1
23.0
95.9
17.1
58.2
67.9

May
195

June
i960

260.8
(1)
14.3
66.8
28.0
63.6
14.0
34.9
39.2

179.6
.5
7.3
97.5
11.0
28.0

4.6
17.9
12.8

180.0
.5
7.3
97.6
11.0
27.9

4.6

18.1
13.0

177.0
8^
94.3

11.1
28.0
4.6
17.7
12.6

27

Area Industry Empl

Table B-8: Employees in nonafricultural establishments for selected areas, by inlnstry dmsion-Contiiied

(In thousands)

June
I960

June
1959

I960

June
i960

June
1959

Industry division

76.4
(1)
2.2
36.4
5.5
14.0
2.3
9.0
7.0

75.9
(1)
2.0
36.3
5.5
13.8
|-3
8.9
7.1

75.8
(1)
3.0
35.3
5.7
13.9
2.2

8.8
6.9

142.1
(1)
8.6
35.0
12.7
24.6
5.1
16.9
39.2

11*3.0
(1)
9.1
34.8
12.7
24.8
5.2
17.5
38.9

142.1
%
35.8
13.1
24.3
5.2
16.3
39.1

93.2
(1)

92.3
(1)
4.9
46.6
4.8
16.3
2.2

5.0
16.4
2.2
10.0
7.5

9.9
7.6

92.0
(1)
5.3
47.3
4.7
16.0
2.1
9.6
7.0

776.8
13.8
43.3
294.9
61.3
156.0
31.1
104.0
72.4

800.5
14.2
44.1
316.6
63.6
155.6
31.4
103.0
72.0

780.9
13.8
42.1
300.6
61.9
154.7
31.0
103.7
73.1

100.7
(1)
4.2
52.4
5.8
15.3
3.6
11.1
8.3

York

82.0

82.9

(1)

(1)

(1)
5.0

4.6
41.9

5.1

5.0

13.4

13.3

1.7

1.7

7.6
7.8

RHODE

100,5
(1)
4.5
51.7
5.9
15.4
3.6
11.3
8.1

29.3

8.0

42.4
4.8
13.8
1.6

7.5

7.3

8.0

277.8
(1)
10.9
130.1
13.4
48.6
11.6
30.3
32.9

279.8
(1)
11.4
131.1
13.6
48.6
11.7
30.5
32.9

280.0
(1)
11.6
130.7
13.4
49.8
11.7
30.2
32.6

55.8
(1)
3.6
10.2
4.6
12.3
2.4
5.3
17.4

Sioux Falls

(1)

6.4
32.6
3.5
13.1
2.6
6.4
5.9

61.6

70.9
(1)

(l)

5.2
31.6
3.5
12.5
2.6
6.5
5.7

6.3
32.5
3.5
13.0
2.6
6.4

6.6

26.5
(1)
2.0
5.6
2.6
7.8
3.1

26.2
(l)
1.7
5.7
2.5
7.7
1.5
4.0
3.2

190.3
.2
10.3
46.1
16.1
51.2
9.2
25.8
31.4

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

56.4
(1)
3.6
10.3
4.6
12.2
2.4
5.3
18.0

55.4
(1)
4.1
9.9
4.8
11.7
2.3
16.7

138.7
8!l
37.9
11.0
31.1
9.6
21.8
18.9

26.5
(1)
1.8
5.9
2.5
7.9
1.5
3.9
3.0

91.3
.1
4.1
41.4
4.8
16.0
4.8
8.9
11.2

139.9
•3
7.7
39.1
11.0
31.0
9.5
21.9
19.4

137.2
.3
7.3
39.5
11.1
30.2
9.4
21.1
18.3

See footnotes at end of table.

23.7

15.6
4.4
8.1
19.7

68.4
(1)
4.2
11.9
5.2
15.3
4.3
8.0
19.5

90.6
.1
4.2
40.8
4.8
15.9
4.9
9.0
10.9

Knoxville

90.0
.1
4.3
41.0
4.8
15.9
4.8
9.1
10.0

(3
(3
(3
(3
3
3
3
3)
3)

112.4
1.7

7.6
42.6
6.6
22.0
3.2

11.2
17.5

110.2
1.7
7.2
42.3
6.6
22.3
3.2
11.1
15.8

90.8

91.5

Fort Worth

91.5

52.7

23.4

22.9

140.0
7.2
8.8
24.3
13.1
37.6
8.7
19.2
21.1

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

138.4
7.1
8.4
24.1
12.9
37.1
8.6
18.9
21.3

52.9

55.1

VERMONT

UTAH

Salt Lake City 2

TOTAL

94.3

70.0
(1)
4.7
12.2

TEXAS

San Antonio

92.8

40.7

TENN SSEE
Chattanooga

TEXAS— ontinued

92.9

70.3
(1)
4.7
12.2
5.3
15.6
4.4
8.2
19.9

Dallas

182.6
.3
10.8
40.7
16.1
50.3
8.9
25.6
29.9

40.3

Columbia

SOUTH DAKOTA

70.5

40.5

SOUTH CAROLINA

Memphis




30.1

Charleston

TENNESSEE—Continued

Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

29.0

ISLAND

Greenville
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing.
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

WiIkes-Barre
Hazleton

Providence

82.6
4.6
42.4

100.7
(1)
4.0
52.4
5.8
15.3
3.6
11.1
8.5

SOUTH CAROLINA —Continued

TOTAL

June
1959

1,485.5 1,484.2 1,478.3
1.8
2.0
2.0
78.2
70.2
73.6
555.8
556.9
551.7
112.6
112.2
112.2
289.2
292.4
289.9
76.O
75.4
75.2
196.0
189.4
197.1
180.3
177.2
180.7

Reading

PEHHSYLVAHIA—Continued

TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction.
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

I960
Philadelphia

Lancaster

PENNSYLVANIA—Continued

Pittsburgh
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util..
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

June
I960

June
1959

PEHHSYLVAHIA— Continued
Harrisburg

Erie
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
,
Trans, and pub. util.,
Trade
,
Finance
Service
,
Government

June
I960

138.2
7.3
9.3
23.2
13.4
36.6
8.3
19.0
21.1

Burlington 5

20.9

20.4

20.9

4.9
1.7
5.5

4.9
1.7
5.3

5.0
1.6
5.4

28

Talli B-8: Eipliyns ii uiifriciltiral istallishieits fir selectii areas, by iidistry Jivisioi-Coitiiiid

Industry division

Jane
May
June
i960
i960
1959
VERMONT—Continued

June
i960

Springfield 5
TOTAL
Mining
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
Service
Government

12.0
6.6
.8
1.6

11.8

11.7

6.6
.8
1.6

6.2
.8
1.6

(In thousands)
June
June
i960
i960
1959
VIRGINIA
NorfolkPortsmouth

151.1
.2
12.2
16.5
15.2
36.8

150.9
.2
11.9
16.9
15.2
36.7
5.3
17.6
Vf.l

18.0
1*6.8

150.3
.2
12. I
f
15.6
15.5
36.1|
5-3
17.h

.2
12.8
ki.k
15.6
38.5
13.0
19.6
23. h

May
i960

Mining
,
Contract construction,
Manufacturing
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
,
Service
,
Government

75.3

(1)
h.6
13-7
8.2
20.6

*uo

(1)
7.9
20.1*
3.9

161*. 5
.2
12.6

la. 7
15.6
38.5
12.9
19.5
23.5

78.3
(1)
5.1ll*.6
8.5
20.1*

12.1*
12.8

12.5
13.1
13.0
WEST VIRGIHIA--Continued

77.7

17. ^
6.2
16.2
3.5
0.2

Mining
Contract construction
Manufacturing
,
Trans, and pub. util.
Trade
Finance
Service
,
Government
,

1

53. h
3.3
2.0
16.6

13.0
2.1
6.7

53.9
3.3
2.5
17.1
l.
*l
13.2
2.0
7.0
1.
*8




369.1
(1)
18.7
113.2
31.5
81.9
21.7
1*6.1
56.0

88.6
21.3
51.3
1*3.0

367.0
(1)
17.9
113.0
31.2
81.5
21.2
1 5 J*
*
56.8

371.9
(1)
19.0
120.3
30.7
82.0
21.5

HuntingtonAshland

76.8

16.9
6.1
15.9
3.5
9.0
20.6

76.5
(l)
5.0
16.6
6,3
15.9
O.I)

20.5

77.5
3.'+
3.8
23.1*
9.0
16.9
3.3
8.9
9.1

77.0
3-H
3.6
23.2
3.9
16.6
3.2
9.0

73.5

l.
*l
h.k
22.9
9.0
16.7
3.3
9.3
8.8

67.1
1.2
2.7
25.0
6.9
l*l
l.
21
.*
7.3
7.6

wise KSIM

^53.6
(1)
23.3
197.9
28.1

June
1959

WEST VIRGINIA

U19.7

(1)
22.0
196.7
27.8
88.3
20.9
51.8

1*2.2

66.3
1.2
2.7
2l*.l
6.8
ll*.O
2.3
7.*
7.9
WYOMING

68.0
1.0
3.2
25.2
7.2
15.0
2.1*
7.0
7.2

Casper
51.9
(1)
23.2
199.7
28.2
87.9
20.6
50.1*
1*1.9

Combined with service.
Revised series; not strictly comparable ifith previously published data.
5 Not available.
* Combined with construction.
5 Total includes data for industry divisions not shown separately.
* Combined vrith manufacturing.
7 Subarea of New York-ITortheastern New Jersey.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary,
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.

2

162.6
.2
12.0
1*1.7
15.6
38.3
12.9
19.1*
22.5

Milwaukee

3.1
2.8
13.3
1.
*2
12.7
2.1
6.9

May
I960
WASHINGTON
Seattle

Charleston

Wheeling

TOTAL

June
I960

Richmond

WASHINGTON—Continued
Spokane

TOTAL

June
1959

ho.8
(1)
1.7
18.1*
1.9
7.6
1.0
5.9
k.k

1*0.6

^l
1.6
18.6
1.8
l.h
10
.
5.7
i*.i*

69
(l)
2.1
21.9
1.9
7.5
.9
5-3

19.1
1.
*6
1.7
2.0
1.7
^.3
.8
2.0
2.0

I8.9
U.3
1.7
2.0
1.6
l*.l
.8
2.0
2.1+

18.0

3.7
1.7
2.0

1.7

2.1

29

Historical Hour

Table M : Grtss heirs ail eaniifs if priiictin wirkirs ii raifactiriif
1919 ti Jati
Manufacturing

Durable goods

Nondurable goods

Year and month
weekly
earnings

1919
1920
1921
1922
1923

:.

$22.08
26.30
22.18
21.51
23.82

weekly
hours

.3

47.4
43.1
44.2
45.6

hourly
earnings

$0,477
.555
.515
.487
.522

weekly
earnings

weekly
hours

hourly
earnings

weekly
earnings

weekly
hours

Average
hourly
earnings

$25.78

$21.94

.547
.5^7
.548
.550
.562

25.84
26.39
26.61
27.24

22.07
22.44
22.75
23.01
22.88

38.3
38.1

.566
.552
.515
.446
.442

27.22
24.77
21.28
16.21
16.43

32.6
34.8

$0,497
.472

22.93
21.84
20.50
17.57
16.89

18. 40
20.13
21.78
24.05
22.30

34.6
36.6
39.2
38.6
35.6

• 532
.550
.556
.624
.627

I8.87
21.52
24.04
26.91
24.01

33.9
37.3
41.0
40.0
35.0

.556
.577
.586
.674
.686

18.05
19.H
19.&
21.53
21.05

35.1
36.1
36.1

• 577
.584

23.86
25.20
29.58

.633
.661
.729
.853
.961

26.50
28.44
34.04
42.73
49.30

38.0
39.3
42.1
45.1
k6.6

.582

.724
.808
.9^7
1.059

21.78
22.27
24.92
29.13
34.12

37.4
37.0
38.9

36.65
43.14

37.7
38.1
ko.6
42.9
44.9

.602
.640
.723
.803

1944
1945..'.
19W
19^7
19W

46.08
44.39
43.82
49.97
54.14

45.2
43.4
4o.4
40.4
40.1

1.019
1.023
1.086
1.237
1.350

52.07
49.05
46.49
52.46
57.11

K.6
44.1
40.2
4o.6
40.5

1.117
1.111
1.156
I.292
l.4io

37.12
38.29
4l.l4
46.96
50.61

131
*.
42.3
40.5

4o.l
39.6

.861
.904
1.015
1.171
1.278

19^9
1950
1951
1952...
1953

54.92
59.33
64.71
67.97
71.69

39.2

40.7
40.7
40.5

l
1.465
1.59
1.67
1.77

58.03
63.32
69.1*7
73.46
77.23

39.5
4l.2
41.6
41.5
41.3

1.469
1.537
I.67
1.77
1.87

51.41
54.71
58.46
60.98
63.60

38.8
39.7
39.5
39.6
39.5

1.325
1.378
1.48
1.54
1.61

195**
1955.
1956
1957
1958

71.86
76.52
79.99
82.39
83-50

39.7
40.7
40.4
39.8
39.2

1.81
1.88
1.98
2.07
2.13

77.18
83". 21
86.31
88.66
90.06

40.2
41.4
41.1
40.3
39.5

1.92
2.01
2.10
2.20
2.28

64.74
68.06
71.10
73.51
75.27

39.0
39.8
39.5
39.1
38.8

1.66
1.71
1.80
1.88
1.94

1959

89.1*7

1*0.3

2.22

97.10

1*0.8

2.38

79.60

39.6

2.01

July
August, • •,
September,
October..
November.,
December.,

89.65
88.70
89.1*7
89.06
88.98
92.16

1*0.2
1*0.5
1*0.3
1*0.3
39.9
1*0.6

2.23
2.19
2.22
2.21
2.23
2.27

96.80
95.88
96.70
96.52

1*0.5
1*0.8
I4O.8
h0.9
1*0.1
1*1.1

2.39
2.35
2.37
2.36
2.38
2.43

80.00
80.20
80.79

39.8
1*0.1
39.8

79.79
80.39
81.19

39.6
39.8

2.01
2.00
2.03
2.02
2,03
2.0U

January..,
February.,
March....,
April....,
May
June

92.29
91. X
U
90.91
89.60
91.37
91.60

1*0.3
39.8
39.7
39.3
39.9
1*0.0

2.29
2.29
2.29
2.28
2.29
2.29

100.86

98.98
98.71*
97.36
98.58
98.98

1*1.0
1*0.1*
1*0.3
39.9
1*0.1*
1*0.1*

2.U6
2.1*5
2.1*5
2.1*1*
2.1*1*
2.1*5

80.77
79.95
79.93
79.52
81.35
82.16

39.0
38.8
38.6
39.3

91.1U

39.8

2.29

97.84

1*0.1

2.1*1*

81.95

39.1*

192U
1925
1926
1927
1928

23.93
24.37
24.65
24.7^
24.97

43.7
44.5
45.0
45.0
44.4

1929....
1930.
1931
1932
1933

25.03
23.25
20.87
17.05
16.73

44.2
42.1

1934
1935
1936
1937
1938
1939
i94o
19*11
1942
1943

1959:

I960:

July

NOTE:

,

I1O.5

to.5

2D.OO

95.1*1*
99.87

Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.
Data on hours of work based on the household survey are shown in tables A-15 through A-19.
Data in all tables in Section C relate to the United States without Alaska and Hawaii.




4l.9

4o.o
37.7
37.4

4o.3
42.5

39.5
39.k

39.5

$0,420
.427
.515
.530
.529

2.05
2.05
2.06
2.06
2.07
2.08

2.08

Current Hours and Earnings
Overtime Data
Table C-2: Gross hours and earnings of production workers in manufacturing, by major industry group

Average weekly earnings

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings

DURABLE GOODS....
NONDURABLE GOODS.

June
i960

July
1959

July
I960

June
I960

July
1959

July
I960

June
I960

$91.60

$89.65

39.8

40.0

40.2

$2.29

$2.29

$2.23

97.84
81.95

MANUFACTURING.

July
i960
$91.14

Major industry group

98.98
82.16

96.8O
80.00

40.1
39.4

40.4
39.5

40.5
39.8

2.44
2.08

2.45
2.08

2.39
2.01

107
81
74
92
109
98
4
9
108
95
77 02

107.30
83.43
74.77
93.07
109.80
99.96
105.88
92.23
110.97
95.^1
77.41

IO5.O6
80.19
74.66
92.13
108.19
97.17
103.25
89.02
108.53
93.71
75.60

40.8
39.8
40.0
40.7
39.1
40.4
40.8
39.8
39.9
40.5
39.7

40.8
40.5
40.2
41.0
38.8
40.8
41.2
40.1
40.5
40.6
39.9

41.2
40.5
40.8
41.5
38.5
41.0
41.3
40.1
40.8
41.1
40.0

2.64
2.06
1.86
2.28
2.80
2.45
2.56
2.30
2.73
2.36
1.94

2.63
2.06
1.86
2.27
2.83
2.45
2.57
2.30
2.74
2.35
1.94

2.55
I.98
1.83
2.22
2.81
2.37
2.50
2.22
2.66
2.28
I.89

88.94
67.50
64.31
55.90
96.22
106.09
105.41
120.83
103.68
63.03

88.51
71.89
65.69
55.90
96.67
105.54
105.34
119.31
103.12
62.37

85.48
70.58
63.83
55.57
95.03
103.52
100.28
H8.78
107.10
60.90

40.8
37.5
39.7

40.6
39.5
40.3
36.3
42.4
38.1
41.8
41.0
40.6
37.8

40.9
40.1
40.4
36.8
43.0
38.2
41.1
4l.l
42.5
38.3

2.18
1.80
1.62
1.54
2.28
2.77
2.54
2.94
2.56
I.65

2.18
1.82
I.63
1.54
2.28
2.77
2.52
2.91

2.09
1.76
1.58
1.51
2.21
2.71
2.44
2.89
2.52
1.59

Durable Goods
Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery (except electrical)
Electrical machinery
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
Nondurable Goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile-mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products.
P^aper and allied products
Printing, publishing, and allied industries.
Chemicals and allied products
Products of petroleum and coal
Rubber products
Leather and leather products

42.2
38.3
41.5
41.1
40.5
38.2

2.54
1.65

NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

Table C-3: Average overtime hours and average hourly earnings excluding overtime
of production workers in manufacturing, by major industry group
Average hourly earnings
excluding overtime1

Average overtime hours
Major industry group

MANUFACTURING.

July
I960
2.3

DURABLE GOODS....
NONDURABLE GOODS.

2.2

2.5

June
i960
2.4

June
1959

June
I960

June
1959
$2.16

2.4

2.7

2.9

$2.22

May
I960
$2.22

2.3
2.6

2.4
2.5

2.7
2.8

3.0

2.7

2.38
2.01

2.37
2.01

2.32
1.94

1.9
3.3
2.4

1.9
3.2
2.4
31
.
1.5
2.6
2.7
1.7
2.6

2.1

2.2

3.5
2.8
3.6
2.4

37
.

2.57
1.98
1.81
2.19
2.77
2.38
2.49
2.25
2.67
2.29
1.88

2.55
1.95
1.80
2.19
2.77
2.37
2.49
2.24
2.64
2.29
1.89

2.49
1.90
1.78
2.12
2.74
2.29
2.41
2.16

2.10
1.79
1.58
1.51
2.17

21
.1
1.78
1.57
1.51
2.15

2.01
1.70
1.52
1.48
2.08

May July
I960 1959

Durable Goods
Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products.
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery (except electrical)
Electrical machinery
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.

_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
-

3.0

1.5
2.6
2.6
1.9
2.2
2.0
2.2

2.0
2.2

3.0

2.9
2.1

2.6
2.4
2.4

2.7
3.6
3.1
3.3
3.2
2.3
2.8
2.2

2.7

2.57
2.23
1.84

Nondurable Goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile-mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products
Paper and allied products
Printing, publishing, and allied industries
Chemicals and allied products
Products of petroleum and coal
Rubber products
Leather and leather products

_
_
_
_
_
_
_

3.2
1.2

2.9
1.4
4.2
2.8
2.5
1.9
2.6
1.3

31
.
2.9
1.3

3.*
1.8
3.1
1.4

4.3

4.7

30
.
2.5
1.6

2.9
2.4
2.3
4.8
1.3

1.0

2.2
1.0

34
.
1.5
3.3
1.4
4.6
2.8
2.4
1.7

39
.
1.3

derived by assuming that overtime hours are paid at the rate of time and one-half.
2
Not available as average overtime rates are significantly above time and one-half,
the group in the nondurable-goods total has little effect.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




(2)

(2)

(2)

2.45
2.84
2.46
1.62

2.42
2.84
2.45
I.63

2.35
2.82
2.34
1.58

Inclusion of data for

31

, Man-Hours and Payrol

Table C-4: Indexes of aggregate weekly man-hours and payrolls
in industrial and construction activities

Seasonally Adjusted Hou

1

(1947-49-100)

rune
•960

Activity

I

May
I960

July
1959

June
1959

104.0

105.7

Man-hours

101.5

MINING
CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION.

102.3

100.8

62.8

TOTAL

66.2

66.2

66.9

71.4

144.2

135.9

126.3

140.1

138.9

98.0

MANUFACTURING
DURABLE GOODS....
NONDURABLE GOODS.

99.9

99.4

101.3

103.3

102.7
92.3

106.1
92.5

106.5
90.9

108.0
93.2

111.7
93.2

268.1
79.**
106.1
104.9
89.2
105.9
99.6
130.9
109.6
117.0
100.6

318.8
82.2
IO8.5
105.6
92.6
109.1
102.7
134.2
114.0
118.9
104.7

326.3
77.7
107.5
104.6
95.2
IO8.5
103.3
133.1
119.8
118.8
102.9

322.0
83.2
108.0
IO8.9
98.4
110.5
102.5
130.7
123.1
116.9
98.6

325.0
84.4
108.2
110.0
109.6
115.3
105.6
132.4
125.4
II8.7
101.2

87.5
6U. 9
70.8
102. 4

82.3
78.5
66.5
64.5
73.5
72.9
104.9
104.2
112.5
112.0
114.9
115.0
107.2
107.8
83.6
84.5
98.7
101.1
84.2
90.1 Payrolls

86.9
67.O
74.2
102.6
113.5
111.4
102.5
86.1
108.6
94.5

84.4
68.2
75.9
104.2
114.4
111.7
103.6
86.8
99.2
94.0

Durable Goods
Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery (except electrical).
Electrical machinery
•
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries
Nondurable Goods
Food and .kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile-mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products.
Paper and allied products
Printing, publishing, and allied industries.
Chemicals and allied products
Products of petroleum and coal.
Rubber products
Leather and leather products

110.0
114.2
106.8
84.4
99.1
89.9

MINING

107.5

169.2

106.5

115.4

247.5

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION.
MANUFACTURING

107.8
230.5

244.4

240.0

172.5

171.5

170.2

174.4

*For mining and manufacturing, data refer to production and related workers; for contract construction, data relate to construction workers.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.

Table C-5: Average weekly hours, seasonaly adjusted, of production workers in selected industries1

July
I960

June
I960

May
I960

July
1959

June
1959

Manufacturing.

39-9

39.9

40.1

40.3

40.6

Durable goods
Nondurable goods
Bu i1dIng construct ion
Retail trade (except eating and drinking
pi aces)

40.4
39-2

40.2
39.5
35.6

40.5
39.7
35.4

40.8
39.6
35.6

41.2
39.8
36.1

37.6

37.6

38.2

38.1

Industry

For manufacturing, data refer to production and related workers; for building construction, to construction workers; and for retail trade, to nonsupervisory workers.
NOTE: Data for the 2 most recent months are preliminary.




Industry Hours and Earnings
Table C-6: Crass l i i r s ui eariiifs of prtlictrei workers,1 by iiinstry

Average weekly earnings
May
June
June
i960
I960
1959

Industry

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings
June
June
June
i960
1959
1959

$111.49

41.0

41.0

41.6

$2.69

$2.70

$2,68

107.79
116.18
106.60
91.66

42.1
41.0
43.6
41.2

42.7
41.6
44.1
41.3

41.3
40.2
42.3
40.2

2.66
2.90
2.61
2.28

2.67
2.89
2.62
2.29

2.61
2.89
2.52
2.28

82.75

33.9

29.6

30.2

2.76

2.78

2.74

126.49

36.6

36.4

38.8

3.29

3.27

3.26

116.03

112.56

40.5

41.0

2.81

2.83

2.80

100.80

98.78

98.08

45.O

43.9

45.2

2.24

2.25

2.17

121.13

119.56

116.66

37.5

36.9

38.0

3.23

3.24

3.07

120.47
117.43
123.91

118.03
IH.9O
123.86

117.46
113.88
120.77

41.4
42.7
40.1

40.7
41.6
39.7

42.1
43.3
40.8

2.91
2.75
3.09

2.90
2.69
3.12

2.79
2.63
2.96

120.88

119.91

116.66

36.3

35.9

36.8

3.33

3.34

3.17

GENERAL CONTRACTORS.

110.77

110.26

108.19

36.2

35.8

36.8

3.06

3.08

2.94

SPECIAL-TRADE CONTRACTORS
Plumbing and heating
Painting and decorating
Electrical work
Other special-trade contractors.

126.67
134.85
118.27
148.99
121.40

124.93
132.68
116.60
148.23
119.70

121.81
128.78
114.52
143.91
116.28

36.4
38.2
35.2
38.9
35.6

35.9
37.8
34.6
38.5
35.0

36.8
38.1
35.9
39.0
36.O

3.46
3.53
3.36
3.83
3.41

3.48
3.51
3.37
3.85
3.42

3.31
3.38
3.19
3.69
3.23

91.60

91.37

91.17

40.0

39.9

40.7

2.29

2.29

2.24

98.98
82.16

98.58
81.35

99.36
79.60

40.4
39.5

40.4
39.3

41.4
39.8

2.45
2.08

2.44
2.07

2.40
2.00

107.30

107.79

105.47

40.8

41.3

41.2

2.63

2.61

2.56

MINING.

$110.29

$110.70

111.99
118.90
113.80

114.01
120.22
115.54

93-94

94.58

93.56

82.29

120.41

119.03

CRUDE-PETROLEUM AND NATURAL-GAS PRODUCTION:
Petroleum and natural-gas production (except contract
services)

113.81

NONMETALLIC MINING AND QUARRYING.

METAL MINING
Iron mining
Copper mining
Lead and zinc mining.
ANTHRACITE MINING
BITUMINOUS-COAL MINING.

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION.
NONBUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Highway and street construction.
Other nonbuilding construction..

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION.

MANUFACTURING.
DURABLE GOODS....
NONDURABLE GOODS.
Durable Goods
ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES.
LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Sawmills and planing mills
Sawmills and planing mills, general
South2
West 8
Millwork, plywood, prefabricated structural wood
products
Millwork
Plywood
Wooden containers
Wooden boxes, other than cigar....
Miscellaneous wood products

83.43
79.77
81.19
54.95
99.96

81.40
78.94
80.36
55.17
97.61

82.19
80.70
81.54
53.68
100.61

40.5
40.7
40.8
42.6
39.2

40.1
40.9
41.0
43.1
39.2

41.3
41.6
41.6
42.6
40.9

2.06
1.96
1.99
1.29
2.55

2.03
1.93
1.96
1.28
2.49

1.99
1.94
1.96
1.26
2.46

82.76
81.19
84.77
62.12
61.31
70.14

84.42
80.58
88.99
62.47
62.40
69.29

85.90
84.20
88.82
61.12
61.15
66.74

39.6
39.8
39.8
40.6
40.6
41.5

40.2
39.5
41.2
41.1
41.6
41.0

41.7
U2.1
41.7
41.3
41.6
41.2

2.09
2.04
2.13
1.53
1.51
I.69

2.10
2.04
2.16
1.52
1.50
I.69

2.06
2.00
2.13
1.48
1.47
1.62

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES
Household furniture.
Wood household furniture, except upholstered
Wood household furniture, upholstered
Mattresses and bedsprings
Office, public-building, and professional furniture
Wood office furniture
Metal office furniture
Partitions, shelving, lockers, and fixtures
Screens, blinds, and misc. furniture and fixtures

74,
70<
64,
73.
80,
88,
74,
9796,
77«

74.19
69.65
65.25
70.69
81.24
87.54
71.66
96.29
94.60
76.76

74.66
70.64
64.43
74.29
82.21
85.90
69.OI
96.12
95.91
75.81

40.2
39.8
40.8
38.1
38.9
41.4
43.8
41.1
41.4
40.4

40.1
39.8
41.3
37.4
38.5
41.1
42.4
40.8
40.6
40.4

1*0.8
40.6
41.3
39.1
40.9
41.1
42.6
40.9
41.7
41.2

1.86
1.76
1.58
1.92
2*07
2.13
1.69
2.37
2.34
1.91

1.85
1.75
1.58
1.89
2.11
2.13
1.69
2.36
2.33
1.90

I.83
1.74
I.56
1.90
2.01
2.09
1.62
2.35
2.30
1.84

92.84
124.97
93.15
94.89
90.74
72.95
104.14

92.16
134.94
87.78
88.44
86.51
74.70
98.88

41.0
39.7
40.1
40.6
39.4
38.9
41.3

40.9
39.8
40.5
40.9
39.8
38.6
41.0

41.7
42.3
39.9
1*0.2
39.5
40.6
41.2

2.27
3.13
2.31
2.32
2.29
1.89
2.57

2.27
3.14
2.30
2.32
2.28
1.89
2.54

2.21
3.19
2.20
2.20
2.19
1.84
2.40

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS
Plat glass....
...
Glass and glassware, pressed or blown..
Glass containers
Pressed or blown glass
Glass products made of purchased glass.
Cement, hydraulic
1

See footnotes at end of table.




,

93.07
124.26
92.63
94.19
90.23
73.52
106.14

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

33

Industry Hours and Earnings

Table C-6: Gross hours and earnings of production workers,1 by industry-Continued

Industry

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings
June
May
June
June
June
I960
19
I960
1959
1959

June
I960

Durable Goods-—Continued
STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS—Continued
Structural clay products
Brick and hollow tile
Floor and wall tile
Sewer pipe
Clay refractories
Pottery and related products
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products
Concrete products
Cut-stone and stone products
Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral products.
Abrasive products
Asbestos products
Nonclay refractories

$83.22
78.63
82.21
87.36
92.58
82.24
94.60
92.12
77-46
96.72
97.61
101.75
96,98

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES
Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling mills
,
Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling mills, except
electrometallurgical products
Electrometallurgical products
Iron and steel foundries
,
Gray-iron foundries
Malleable-iron foundries
Steel foundries
,
Primary smelting and refining of nonferrous metals
Primary smelting and refining of copper, lead, and zinc..,
Primary refining of aluminum
Secondary smelting and refining of nonferrous metals
,
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of nonferrous metals
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of copper
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of aluminum
Nonferrous foundries
Miscellaneous primary metal industries
Iron and steel forgings
Wire drawing
Welded and heavy-riveted pipe
FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS
Tin cans and other tinware
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware
Cutlery and edge tools
Hand tools
Hardware
•
Heating apparatus (except electric) and plumbers' supplies.
Sanitary ware and plumbers' supplies
Oil burners, nonelectric heating and cooking apparatus,
not elsewhere classified
Fabricated structural metal products
Structural steel and ornamental metal work
Metal doors, sash, frames, molding, and trim
Boiler-shop products
Sheet-metal work
Metal stamping, coating, and engraving
Vitreous-enameled products
Stamped and pressed metal products
Lighting fixtures
Fabricated wire products
Miscellaneous fabricated metal products
Metal shipping barrels, drums, kegs, and pails
Steel springs
Bolts, nuts, washers, and rivets
Screw-machine products
MACHINERY (EXCEPT ELECTRICAL)
Engines and turbines
Steam engines, turbines, and water wheels
Diesel and other internal-combustion engines, not
elsewhere classified
Agricultural machinery and tractors
Tractors
,
Agricultural machinery (except tractors)
See footnotes at end of table.




•

109.80
115.81

$83.23
78.49
81.80
86.94
93.60
81.70
93.74
90.90
78.81
97.44
100.15
101.33
101.66
109.70
116.21
116.28
107.87
96.61
95.94
89.65
101.92
108.47
100.19
120.07
95.06
108.54
103.08
115.64
101.50
110.12

$81.77
76.97
83.43
78.38
91.87
79.80
95.58
92.16
76.59
97.86
102.75
103.53
102.05

41.2
42.5
40.1
41.8
38.9
37.9
44.0
44.5
41.2
40.3
39.2
41.7
37.3

4l.O
42.2
39.9
41.8
39.0
38.O
43.4
43.7
41.7
40.6
39.9
41.7
39.1

41.3
43.0
41.1
38.8
38.6
38.O
45.3
45.4
41.4
42.0
41.6
43.5
39.4

$2.02
1.85
2.05
2.09
2.38
2.17
2.15
2.07
1.88
2.40
2.49
2.44
2.60

$2.03
1.86
2.05
2.08
2.40
2.15
2.16
2.08
1.89
2.40
2.51
2.43
2.60

$1.98
1.79
2,03
2.02
2.38
2.10
2.11
2.03
1.85
2.33
2.47
2.38
2.59

118.43
129.38

38.8
37.6

38.9
38.1

41.7
41.6

2.83
3.08

2.82
3.05

2.84
3.11

129.79
102.29
101.02
100.02
96.87
106.08
104.86
96.88
119.07
94.62
113.85
112.92
116.62
100.77
118.71
116.44
114.38
122.69

37.5
40.2
39.2
39.2
38.O
39.7
41.2
41.4
40.6
40.1
4l.2
41.3
41.2
40.6
39.8
39.2
39.7
39.4

41.6
39.8
41.4
41.5
40.7
41.6
40.8
41.4
40.5
41.5
42.8
43.6
42.1
41.3
42.7
41.0
43.0
42.9

3.09
2.69
2.50
2.46
2.4l
2.62
2.64
2.43
2.96
2.32
2.69
2.63
2.79
2.51
2.76
2.88
2.63
2.79

3.06
2.67
2.49
2.46
2.41
2.60
2.62
2.42
2.95
2.33
2.68
2.59
2.80
2.50
2.76
2.89
2.61
2.78

3.12
2.57
2.44
2.41
2.38
2.55
2.57
2.34
2.94
2.28
2.66
2.59
2.77
2.44
2.78
2.84
2.66
2.86

4l.9
42.8
41.3
40.6
40.7
41.8
40.8
40.2

2.45
2.75
2.33
2.04
2.33
2.42
2.36
2.46

2.45
2.76
2.33
2.03
2.33
2.41
2.36
2.45
2.32
2.46
2.46
2.32
2.52
2.51
2.59
1.99
2.72
2.24
2.24
2.37
2.63
2.64
2.44
2.29
2.57
2.78

2.38
2.65
2.26
1.99
2.28
2.32
2.29
2.40

99.96
117.43
93.20
82.42
92.27
97.04
92.51
94.46

99.96
116.47
93.90
82.01
92.97
97.61
92.28
94.57

99.72
113.42
93.34
80.79
92.80
96.98
93.43
96.48

40.8
42.7
40.0
40.4
39.6
40.1
39.2
38.4

38.O
40.4
38.8
39.0 I
37.2
39.2
41.4
41.4
40.7
40.8
40.5
39.8
41.3
40.6
39.9
39.8
39.4
39.3
40.8
42.2
40.3
40.4
39.9
40.5
39.1
38.6

91.64
102,26
102.51
93.38
105.50
104.83
106.66
79.00
113.13
90.63
88.53
95.91
104.66
106.52
98.74
92.52

91.18
100.86
100.61
93.50
105.34
102.91
108.00
70.25
115.06
89.60
89.38
95.75
108.88
107.18
97.60
92.75

92.06
100.19
99.29

92.60
101.48
129.72
110.33
104.30
93.70

39.5
41.4
41.5
40.6
41.7
41.6
41.5
39.7
41.9
40.1
39.7
40.3
40.1
40.5
40.3
40.4

39.3
41.0
40.9
40.3
41.8
41.0
41.7
35.3
42.3
40.0
39.9
40.4
41.4
40.6
40.0
40.5

41.1
41.4
41.2
40.9
40.9
42.8
42,4
44.6
42.7
41.8
41.9
43.0
47.0
42.6
43.1
42.4

2.32
2.47
2.47
2.30
2.53
2.52
2.57
1.99
2.70
2.26
2.23
2.38
2.61
2.63
2.45
2.29

105.88
113.15
119.84

106.14
113.15
118.84

104.75
112.44
115.62

41.2
40.7
40.9

41.3
40.7
40.7

41.9
41.8
41.0

2.57
2.78
2.93

lll.ll
102.80
106.40
99.05

111.52
102.91
105.60
100.04

111.72
106.55
110.54
100.94

40.7
40.0
40.0
40.1

40.7
40.2
40.0
40.5

42.0
41.3
41.4
41.2

2.73
2.57
2.66
2.47

115.88
108.14
98.00
96.43
91.58
104.01
108.77
100.60
120.18
93.03
110.83
108.62
114.95
101.91
109.85
112.90
104.41
109.93

115.02
102.83
109.25

94.07
100.61
107.00
105.15

86.97
111.45
91.12

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

2.92
2.74
2.56
2.64
2.47

2.24
2.42
2.41
2.30
2.46
2.50
2.48
1.95
2.61
2.18
2.21
2.36
2.76
2.59
2.42
2.21
2.50
2.69
2.82
2.66
2.58
2.67
2.45

Industry Hoi

Earninqs

3k

Table C-6: Gross hoirs a i l eaniigs of production workers,1 by intostry-Contiiied

Average weekly earnings
June
""Hay
June
i960
i960
1959

Industry

Durable

June
1959

Goods—Continued

MACHINERY (EXCEPT ELECTR4CAL)—Continued
Construction and mining machinery
$102.77 &1O2.U7 $105.72
Construction and mining machinery, except for oil fields,,. IOU.60
10U.30
103.17
98.21
Oil-field machinery and tools... .
n2.91
98.50
123.36
Metalworking machinery
> 122.52
11$. 83
Machine tools
...
105.50
n2. # 86
Metalworking machinery (except machine tools)
108.99
Machine-tool accessories
133.3U
123.36
131.71
Special-industry machinery (except metalworking machinery^. 101.9U
99.22
102.12
Pood-products machinery
101.93
103.75 101.76
Textile machinery.
•
87.13
88.U1
87.78
Paper-industries machinery
n5.07
11U.36 100. n
Printing-trades machinery and equipment
n o . 17
113.85
n3.i6
General industrial machinery
• • 103.U1
103.16
102.U1
Pumps, air and gas compressors
.
101.26
98.59
101.75
Conveyors and conveying equipment
10U.12
107.61
105.56
Blowers, exhaust and ventilating fans
93.85
92.80
95.U1
Industrial trucks, tractors, etc
105.73
107.27
102.72
Mechanical power-transmission equipment
10U.30
106.82
103.12
Mechanical stokers and industrial furnaces and ovens...... 99.53
99.05
97.6U
Office and store machines and devices
103.28
99.38
1O3.U2
Computing machines and cash registers
i n . 52
n2.88
ni.76
Typewriters
9O.5U
86.U1
82.U7
Service-industry and household machines.
99.1U
98.16
98.89
Domestic laundry equipment
*,
9U.U9
99.29
96.51
Commercial laundry, dry-cleaning, and pressing machines...
91.13
87.51
9O.U5
Sewing machines
.
109.62
99.07
109.37
Refrigerators and air-conditioning units
100.UU
98.98
99.70
Miscellaneous machinery parts
•..
100.85
103.81
100.60
Fabricated pipe, fittings, and valves
97.76
99.87
97.27
Ball and roller bearings
99.8U
99.U5
107.93
Machine shops (job and repair)
102.92
10U.13
102.18

no. 83
nu.09

ELECTRICAL MACHINERY
Electrical generating, transmission, distribution, and
industrial apparatus.
«
Wiring devices and supplies
Carbon and graphite products (electrical).
Electrical indicating, measuring, and recording
instruments
Motors, generators, and motor-generator sets
Power and distribution transformers
Switchgear, switchboard,, and industrial controls
Electrical welding apparatus
Electrical appliances
Insulated wire and cable.
Electrical equipment for vehicles
Electric lamps
.. .
,
Communication equipment
Radios, phonographs, television sets, and equipment...
Radio tubes
Telephone, telegraph, and related equipment
Miscellaneous electrical products
Storage batteries
Primary batteries (dry and wet)...
X-ray and nonradio electronic tubes
,
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT
Motor vehicles and equipment
Motor vehicles, bodies, parts, and accessories.4
Truck and bus bodies
Trailers (truck and automobile)
Aircraft and parts
Aircraft
Aircraft engines and parts
Aircraft propellers and parts.
Other aircraft parts and equipment
Ship and boat building and repairing....
Ship building and repairing.
Boat building and repairing
Railroad equipment
Locomotives and parts
Railroad and street cars
Other transportation equipment
ee footnotes at end of table.




Average weekl; r hours Average hourly e
June
May
May
June
June
I960
I960
1959
i960
I960

U0.3
U0.7
39.U
U3.6
U2.3
U2.1
UU.8
U2.3
U1.1
Ul.9
U6.U
U2.8
ia. 2
U1.7
U0.6

uo.6

U0.6
UO.6
Ul.3
Uo.U
U0.9
39.1
U0.2
37.7
U0.2
UU.i
U0.2
Uo.U
39.9
39.0
la. 2

Uo.5
U0.9
39.6
U3.9
1*3.1
Ul.8
U5.2
U2.2
Ui.5
Ul.8
U6.3
U2.7
Ul.l

ia. 5

U0.2
39.6
Ul.3
U0.9

Uo^5
U0.7
Uo.6
Uo.3
37.2
Uo.5
UU.2
Uo.5

Uo.5
39.7
39.0
Ul.5

U2.8
Ul.6
k$.9
U2.9
Ul. 7
Ul.6
U3.9
U2.U
U2.U
U2.5
U2.6
U2.7
Ul.8
Ul.6
U2.2
U0.7
U2.U
U2.9
Ul.2
Uo.U
38.9
U0.9
U0.2
U0.7
Ul.8
U0.9
U2.2
Ul.1
U3.0
U2.5

2! 57
2.50
2.81
2.62
2.71
2.9U
2.U1
2.U8
2.n
2.U8
2.66
2.51
2.UU
2.60
2.35
2.53
2.5U
2.U1
2.56
2.76
2.21
2.U6
2.56
2.25
2.U8
2.U8
2.U9
2.k$
2.56
2.U8

$'2.53
2.55
2.U8
2.81
2.61
2.70
2.95
2.U2
2.50
2.10
2.U7
2.65
2.51
2.UU
2.59
2.37
2.56
2.55
2.U1
2.55
2.7U
2.23
2.U6
2.5U
2.25
2.U8
2.U8
2.U9
2.U5
2.55
2.U8

$2.U7
2.U8
2.U6
2.70
2.53
2.62
2.81
2.3U
2.U0
2.05
2.35
2.58
2.U5
2.37
2.55
2.28
2.53
2.U9
2.37
2.U6
2.68
2.12
2.UP
2.U7
2.15
2.37
2.U2
2.U6
2.1*3
2.51
2.U5

la. 7

90.58

U0.1

39.9

U0.8

2.30

2.29

2.22

96.2U
82.08
98.U2

96.00
82.UO
95.35

U0.2
38.9
UO.U

U0.1
38.9
UO.5

Ul.2
Uo.o
Ul.1

2.U1
2.13
2.U0

2.U0
2.n
2.1*3

2.33
2.06
2.32

89.82
10U.75
102.91
100.10

89.87
102.91
99.90
100.85

no. 85

no. 76

86.27
102.92
100.60
100.1*3
n5.32
89.27
89.2U
96.1*6
85.8U
86.67
85.88
79.00
98.66
88.3U
100.U3
71.U6
97.75

U0.1
UO.6
U1.0
U0.2
U2.8
39.5
U2.5
39.U
38.9
U0.2
39.8
Uo.o
ia. 8
39.3
39.9

UO.3
U0.2
39.8
Uo.5
U2.6
39.U
U2.2
39.9
39.5
39.7
39.U
39.5
U1.0
U0.2
39.9
Ul.6
U0.8

Uo.5
Ui.5
U1.U
Ui.5
U5.U
39.5
U2.7
U0.7
UO.3
Uo.5
U0.7
39.9
UO.6
U0.9
Ui.5
39.7
U0.9

2.2U
2.58
2.51
2.U9
2.59
2.32
2.12
2.U7
2.23
2.22
2.18
2.09
2.U9
2.25
2.51
1.91
2.U2

2.23
2.56
2.51
2.U9
2.60
2.33
2.10
2.U7
2.21
2.20
2.17
2.06
2.U5
2.23
2.U6
1.90
2.UU

2.X3
2.U8
2.1*3
2.U2
2.5U
2.26
2.09
2.37
2.13
2.1U

109.06
i n . 22
113.02
102.77
89.U6
107.98
107.20
109.30
103.58
109.30
100.7U
105.30
79.79
1X3. U2
n2.88
113.Uo
90.23

U0.5
UO.6
UO.6
ia. 2
39.0
U0.9
U0.8
Ul.3
U2.U
UO.6
39.6
39.6
39.6
39.1

U0.9
Ul.1
Ul.2
ia. 2
39.3
U1.0
U0.7
Ul.3
k$.$
U1.0
U0.1
39.8
Ul.2
39.5
U1.0
38.9
39.2

U1.0
Ui.5
U1.U
U3.0
U2.0
U0.9
UO.3
Ui.U
Ul.6
U2.2
39.2
39.0
1*0,5
U0.8
Ui.5
Uo.5
U1.2

2.7U
2.77
2.82
2.U5
2.20
2.71
2.71
2.75
2.52
2.67
2.66
2.80
2.03
2.80
2.7U
2.83
2.23

2.73
2.77
2.82
2.U2
2.20
2.69
2.69
2.71

92.23
96.88
82.86
96.96

91.6U
90.10
97.32
86.75
89.2U
86.76
83.60
10U.08
88.1*3
100.15
78.88
98.U9

no. 97
n2.U6
11U.U9
100.9U
85.80

91.37

91.80
88.62
98.55
87.30
87.3U
85.50
81.37
100.U5
89.65
98.15
79. O
U
99.$$

ni.66
113.85
n6.i8
99.70

no.8U
no. 57

86.U6
n o . 29
109.U8

106!85
108.Uo
105.3U

105.U6

no. 88

80.39
109.U8
109.60
109.52
86.97

in. 92
n8.3O
109.06
no. 25
8U.05

ni.39
n5.62
109.70
86.63

NOTE: D^ta for the current month are preliminary.

ia. 3
U0.7

Uo.o

38.7
39.0

2*.66
2.63
2.77
2.0U
2.82
2.82
2.82
2.21

2.n
1.98
2.1*3
2.16
2.U2
1.80
2.39
2.66
2.68
2.73
2.39
2.13
2.6U
2.66
2.6U
2.U9
2.59
2.57
2.70
1.97
2.78
2.72
2.80
2.19

35

Hours and Earnings

Tabli C-6: Gross boirs and oaniifs of productioi workers,1 by JBdistry-Contimed

Average weekly earnings
June
June
i960
I960
1959

Industry

Durable

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings

June
I960

May June
I960 1959

1*0.6
1*1.8
1*0.2

ia.i
39.2

1*0.5
1*1.5
1*0.3
1*1.5
1*0.2
l*o.h
1*0.9
38.9

June
i960

i960

June
1959

Goods—Continued

$9l*.77
112.88
93.90
98.36
83.62

$95.1*1
Hi*. 95
93.67
98.53
85.69
78.61
106.86
78.01

106.31*
77.1a

112.10
95.30
90.05
82.-62
78.55
105.32
77.1*2

77.U.
80.16
76.67
89.10
90.58
69.1*5
65.1*9
77.61
70.88
70.05
83.23
80.19

77.1*1
80.77
77.1*6
89.51
87.38
71.16
67.73
78.00
72.18
68.29
83.03
81.00

76.95
77.87
71*. 88
85.81
86.93
67.69
61*. 85
73.26
71.69
70.88
83.82
81.00

39.9
ho.9
1*1.0
1*0.5
1*0.8
38.8
3Q.3
39.8
39.6
39.8
1*0.8
39.7

39.9
1*1.0
1*1.2
1*0.5
39.9
39.1
38.7
1*0.0
1*0.1
38.8
1*0.9
39.9

88.51
98.1*9
112.32
10l*.l*8
90.73
92.16
95.82
67.86
5U.O8
72.91;
9l*.6l
97.68
85.93
88.75
90.61
81.81
99.66
112.32
88.20
72.62
70.05
100.37
75.1*0
123.11
95.80
85.91
109.62
79.83

88.91

1*0.6
1*0.7

103.91
89.01
90.83
93.75
70.05
57.3i;
73.30
9k. 18
96.1k
87.22
87.05
89.32
78.00
97.61
107.33
88.55
71.50
68.78
99.79
73.39
121.30
96.1*3
85.90
105.81;
83.08

85.69
9U.60
107.38
100.1*9
87.77
86.10
95.1*8
66.1*2
62.30
67.90
92.38
96.31*
86.07
81*. 25
86.30
75.62
93.89
1O2*.13
81*. 89
70.27
67.77
98.77
77.UO
119.69
91.33
83.80
109.03
82.19

1*2.3
1*2.2
ia.7
1*2.1*
37.7
30.9
38.8
1*3.1*
1*1*. 2
1*3.1*
1*0.9
1*1.0
1*0.3
1*1.7
1*3.2
39.2
39.9
39.8
1*0.8
1*2.6
1*0.1
39.1

1*0.6
1*0.8
1*1.7
U 9

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES
Cigarettes
Cigars
Tobacco and snuff.
Tobacco stemming and redrying.

71.89
85.28
51*. 52
70.1*6
66.02

68.58
80.26
51*.i*3
68.08
61.78

67.99
80.60
51*.3i*
67.03
60.61;

TEXT1LE-MILL PRODUCTS
Scouring and combing plants....
Yarn and thread mills..
Yarn mills
Thread mills
....
Broad-woven fabric mills
Cotton, silk, synthetic fiber.
North4
South2
Woolen and worsted
Narrow fabrics and smallwares-.

65.69
7U.O3
59.58
60.13
61.60
66.58
65.1*1*
69.91*
6U.62
7l*.55
68.1+7

65.36
73.15
59.89
60.59
60.96
66.01
6U.87
69.70
61*.1*6
73.25
66.50

61*.1*6

INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS.
Laboratory, scientific, and engineering instruments.
Mechanical measuring and controlling instruments....
Optical instruments and lenses
Surgical, medical, and dental instruments
Ophthalmic goods
;
Photographic apparatus
Watches and clocks
•
MISCELLANEOUS MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES
Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware
Jewelry and findings
Silverware and plated ware
Musical instruments and parts.
Toys and sporting goods
Games, toys, dolls, and children's vehicles
Sporting and athletic goods
Pens, pencils, other office supplies
Costume jewelry, buttons, notions
Fabricated plastics products
Other manufacturing industries.

<<
.
,

»....
.:..

80.1*0

ia.i*
U1.0
39.7

la. 2

1*2.3
1*1.8
1*0.2
1*0.7
1*0.7
1*1.3
39.7
1*0.5

la. 2
ia.6
1*0.1
1*1.2
38.9
38.6

39.6
1*0.5
1*0.5
1*1.7
1*0.5

$2.29

$2.35
2.75
2.33
2.38
2.09
1.98
2.60
1.99

2.72
2.33
2.37
2.08
1.99
2.60
1.99

1.91*
1.96
I.87
2.20
2.22
1.79
1.71
1.95
1.79
1.76
2.0U
2.02

1.91*
1.97
1.88
2.21
2.19
1.82
1.75
1.95
1.80
1.76
2.03
2.03

1.90
1.89
1.80
2.H*
2.11
1.7U
1.68
1.85
1.77
1.75

2.18
2.1|2
2.70
2.1*7

2.19

2.09
2.33
2.60
2.37
2.07
2.10
2.19
1.69
1.78

2.65
2.28
2. all
2.03
1.93
2.55
1.95

2.01
2.00

Nondurable Goods
FOOD AND KINDRED PRODUCTS*.
Meat products
,
Meat packing, wholesale
...,
Sausages and casings
Dairy products
...
Condensed and evaporated milk
Ice cream and ices
..
Canning and preserving.
Sea food, canned and cured
Canned fruits, vegetables, and soups......
Grain-mill products
Flour and other grain-mill products
Prepared feeds
Bakery products
Bread and other bakery products
Biscuit, crackers, and pretzels
Sugar.
Cane-sugar refining
Beet sugar
.
Confectionery and related products
Confectionery
Beverages
Bottled soft drinks. r .
Malt liquors
Distilled, rectified, and blended liquors.
Miscellaneous food products
Corn sirup, sugar, oil, and starch
Manufactured ice.
,

See footnotes at end of table.




99.55
H2.59

75.85
60.35
60.90
58.31
61*. 02
62.58
67.1*9
61.76
71*. 36
66.98

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

la. 6

1*1.0
1*0.6
1*1.3
1*2.1*
1*2.1*
1*1.0
1*3.6
39.3
35.0
38.8
1*1*. 2
1*1*.6

fek

la. 3
38.7
29.3
39.2
1 31
*.*
1*3.5 \$.3
1*1*. 5 1*0.7
1*0.3 1*0.9
1*0.6 39.8
39.0 1*1.0
1*0.5 1*2.5
1*1.6 39.3
38.5 39.7
39.U
39.5
1*1.5
39.3
1*0.1* 1*5.0
ia.7 1*0.3
39.9 38.7
39.2 1*1.9

2* 21
2.26
1.80
1.75
1.88
2.18
2.21
1.98
2.17
2.21
2.03
2.39
2.60
2.25
1.82
1.76

2.i6

2.hk
2.70

2.27
1.81
1.95
1.87
2.17
2.21
1.96
2.16
2.20
2.00
2.1*1
2.58
2.30
1.81
1.75
2.1*7
1.76
3.01*
2.1*6
2.08
2.52
1.81

1.75
2.09
2.16
1.90
2.07
2.11
1.90
2.29
2.1*5
2.16
1.77
1.72
2.38
1.72
2.97
2.36
2.00
2.1*5
1.76

1.80
2.09

1.73
1.99

142.0

1*6.7

1.77
3.07
2.1*5
2.07
2.52
1.79

39.$
1*1.0
37.6
38.5
39.3

38.1
38.1*
37.8
37.2
37.9

39.3
1*0.5
38.1*
38.3
37.9

1.82
2.08
1.1*5
1.83
1.68

1.83
1.63

i.ia
1.75
1.60

1*0.3
1*2.3
39.2
39.3
38.5
1*1.1
1*0.9
1*0.9
1*0.9
1*2.6
1*1.0

1*0.1

1*0.8

1.63
1.75
1.52
1.53
I.60
1.62
1.60
1.71
1.58
1.75
1.67

1.63
1.75
1.52
1.53
1.60
1.61
1.59
1.70
1.58
1.71*
1.65

1.58
1.72
119
.*
1.50
118
.*
1.55
1.53
1.65
1.51
1.69
1.61

la. 5
h3.$
kh.6

1*1.3

^.5

la. 8 l*l*.l
39.1*
39.6
38.1

ia.o

1*0.8

ia.o

1*0.8
1*2.1
1*0.3

1*0.5
1*0.6
39.1*
1*1.3
1*0.9
1*0.9
1*0.9
l*l*.o
1*1.6

Ul
**

Industry Hours and Earnings

36

Table C-6: Gross hours aid oaniRfs of production workers, 1 by industry-Continued

Average weekly earnings
May
June
June
I960
I960
1959

Industry

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings

June
I960

May June
I960 1959

38.3

June
I960

Hay June
I960 1959

Nondurable Goods — Continued
TEXTILE-MILL PRODUCTS—Continued
Knitting mills.
Pull-fashioned hosiery
North4
South 2
Seamless hosiery
North 4
South 2
,
Knit outerwear
Knit underwear
Dyeing and finishing textiles
Dyeing and finishing textiles (except wool)
Carpets, rugs, other floor coverings
Wool carpets, rugs, and carpet yarn
Hats (except cloth and millinery)
Miscellaneous textile goods
Felt goods (except woven felts and hats)
Lace goods
Paddings and upholstery filling
Processed waste and recovered fibers
Artificial leather, oilcloth, and other coated fabrics....
Cordage and twine

$58.67
57.38
59.82
56.17
53.86
5U.10
53.86
62,08
5*+.72
75.00
7^.58
79.79
73.3**
62.70
77.H+
82.61
70.31
79.98
61+.62
106.18
62.63

$58.22
57.76
60.22
56.55
52.88
53.53
52.88
61.66
55.68
71+.O5
73.63
79.00
71+.10
61.66
75.58
78.99
70.30
77.81
66.62
102.29
62.08

$58.1+1
57.15
59.1+^
56.1+7
53.27
52.39
53.13
61.15
57.20
71+.22
71+.22
79.76
75.98
62.93
75.03
81.81
70.10
71+.59
61+.79
103.26
63.20

38.6
37.5
38.1
37.2
38.2
38.1
38.2
38.8
38.O
1+1.9
1+1.9
1+O.3
38.1+
37.1
1+0.6
1+0.1
37.2
1+0.6
1+0.9
1+1+.8
38.9

55.90
72.19
1+8.99
1+9-52
51.30
1+3.66
57.29
5^.25
1+8.91
69.91
50.98
1+8.60
55.89
56.70
53.05
52.1+2
62.27
52.26
62.1+9
63.27

55.90
69.12
1+8.81+
1+9.21+
50.67
1+2.81+
59.00
60.72
50.60
63.88
51.05
1+8.28
56.52
55.91+
51.62
52.27
61.66
52.31
62.1+0
63.52

55.05
65.65
1+9.02
1+9.02
1+9.66
1*5.91*
57.29
5l+.77
1+9.OI
68.5U
51.15
1+8.91+
56.09
56.1+3
52.08
52.97
60.13
51.85
62.09
61.71

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills.
Paperboard containers and boxes...
Paperboard boxes
Fiber cans, tubes, and drums
Other paper and allied products...

96.67
105.1+6
89.61+
89.02
92.29
85.70

96.05
101+.61+
88.3I+
87.12
97.1+1
86.11

PRINTING, PUBLISHING, AND ALLIED INDUSTRIES
Newsp apers
Periodicals
Books
,
Commercial printing
Lithographing
Greeting cards.
Bookbinding and related industries
Miscellaneous publishing and printing services.

105.51+
112.99
115.62
93.60
IOU.91
107.92
72.38
82.1+3
111+.88

106.37

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Industrial inorganic chemicals
Alkalies and chlorine
Industrial organic chemicals.
Plastics, except synthetic rubber
Synthetic rubber
Synthetic fibers
Explosives
Drugs and medicines.
Soap, cleaning and polishing preparations
Soap and glycerin

105
115
116
112
116
123
96
101+

81.20
115.97
103.58
lll*.53
115.75
110.77
111+.97
122.60
92.62
102.36

| 3
121+

110.95
120.60

APPAREL AND OTHER FINISHED TEXTILE PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings and work clothing
Shirts, collars, and nightwear
Separate trousers
Work shirts
Women's outerwear
Women's dresses
Household apparel.
Women's suits, coats, and skirts
Womenrfs, children's under garments
Underwe.ar and nightwear, except corsets
Corsets and allied garments
...»
Millinery
Children's outerwear
Miscellaneous apparel and accessories
Other fabricated textile products
Curtains, draperies, and other housefurnishings
Textile bags
Canvas products

See footnotes at end of table.




113.31
111+.37
9*1.25
105.06
110.55
73.53

93.73

$1.52
1.53
1.57
1.51
1.1+1
1.1+2
1.1+1
1.60
1.1+1+

1+0.2
39.3
37.0
39.9
1+1.9
1*3.9
38.8

39.2
37.6
38.1
37.1*
38.6
39.1
38.5
39.2
1+0.0
1+2.9
1+2.9
1+0.9
1+0.2
36.8
1+1.0
1+0.7
38.1
1+0.1
1+1.8
1+1+.7
1+0.0

36.3
38.1+
37.1+
37.8
38.0
37.0
33.7
32.1
35.7
31+.1
35.9
36.O
35.6
31.5
37.1
36.1+
38.2
36.8
39.3
1+0.3

36.3
38.1+
37.0
37.3
38.1
36.0
3l*.5
3>*.5
36.1+
32.1
35.7
35.5
36.O
30.1+
36.1
36.3
38.3
37.1
39.0
39.7

36.7
37.3
38.3
38.3
38.2
39.6
3l*.l
32.6
36.3
3**.l
36.8
36.8
36.9
31.7
37.2
37.3
38.3
37.3
39.3
1+0.6

1.5**
1.88
1.31
1.31
1.35
1.18
1.70
I.69
1.37
2.05

9I+.60
102.75
87.99
87.36
91.81+
83.1+0

1+2.1+
1+3.1+
1+1.5
1+1.6
1+0.3
1+1.1+

1+2.5
1+3.6
1+0.9
1+0.9
1+1.1
1+1.8

102.87
IO8.63
IO8.67
90.62
101.92
106.26
70.02
80.11
115.28

38.1
36.1
1+1.0
1+0.0
39.0
39.1
38.5
38.7
37.3

100.1+3
111.22
110.21+
106.91
112.75
121.80
89.13
100.1+5
90.17
1O1+.55
112.33

1+1.8
1+2.0
1+2.1+
1+2.3
1+3.6
1*1.5
1+1.6
1+0.9
1+0.1+
1+1.8
1+2.1

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

$1.52
1.52
1.56
1.50
l.l+l
1.1+2
1.1+1
1.61
1.1*5
1.78
1.77
1.97
1.90
1.68
1.88
2.01
1.90
1.95
1.59
2.33
1.60

$1.1*9
1.52
1.56
1.51
1.38
l.3l*
1.38
1.56
1.1*3
1.73
1.73

1.1+2
1.35
1.57
1.80
1.1*3
1.1+1+
1.63
1.1+2
1.59
1.57

1.51*
1.80
1.32
1.32
1.33
1.19
1.71
1.76
1.39
1.99
1.1*3
1.36
1.57
1.81+
1.1*3
1.1+1+
1.61
l.i+i
1.60
1.60

1.50
1.76
1.28
1.28
1.30
1.16
1.68
1.68
1.35
2.01
1.39
1.33
1.52
1.78
1.1+0
1.1+2
1.57
1.39
1.58
1.52

1+3.0
i+i+.i
1+1.9
1+2.0
1+1.0
1+1.7

2.28
2.1+3
2.16
2.11+
2.29
2.07

2.26
2.1+0
2.16
2.13
2.37
2.06

2.20
2.33

38.1+
36.2
1+0.7
1+0.8
39.2
1+0.2
38.1
38.3
37.9

38.1
35.5
1+0.1
39.1*
39.2
39.5
38.9
38.7
38.3

2.77
3.13
2.82
2.31+
2.69
2.76
1.88
2.13
3.08

2.77
3.13
2.81
2.31
2.68
2.75
1.93
2.12
3.06

2.70
3.06
2.71
2.30
2.60
2.69
1.80
2.07
3.01

1+1.6
1+1.8
1+2.1+
1+1.8
1+2.9
1+1.7
1+0.8
1+0.3
1+0.1+
1+1.1+
1*1.3

1*1.5
1*1.5
1+1.6
1+1.6
1+3.2
1+2.0
1+0.7
1+1.0
1+0.8
1+1.0
1+0.7

2.52
2.76
2.71+
2.67
2.68
2.97
2.31
2.55
2.33
2.71
2.96

2.1+9
2.71+
2.73
2.65
2.68
2.91+
2.27
2.51*
2.32
2.68
2.92

2.1+2
2.68
2.65
2.57
2.61
2.90
2.19
2.1+5
2.21
2.55
2.76

38.0
38.6
37.7
37.5
37.7
37.5
38.3
38.1+
1+1.6
1+1.6
1+0.1
39.0

36.7

1.79
1.78
1.98
1.91
1.69
1.90
2.06
I.89
1.97
1.58
2.37
1.61

lm

&
1.89
1.71
1.83
2.01
1.81+
1.86
1.55
2.31
1.58

2.10
2.08
2.21+
2.00

37
Tikli C-6: Grass burs HI" tannis if ireiictiu warkirs.1 b
y

Average weekly earnings
June
June
I960
I960
1959

Industry

Nondurable

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings
June
J*qr
June
June
June
I960
I960 1959
I960
1959

Goods—Continued

CHEMICALS AND ALLIED PRODUCTS—Continued
Paints, pigments, and fillers.
Paints, varnishes, lacquers, and enamels
Gum and wood chemicals
Fertilizers
...
Vegetable and animal oils and fats
Vegetable oils
Animal oils and fats.....
Miscellaneous chemicals
,
Essential oils, perfumes, cosmetics...
Compressed and liquefied gases

$103.07 $102.*l
99.90
100.32
87.7*
91.56
79.7*
8O.56
89*
92.*2
8*.97
82.22
98.**
IOI.38
95.06
9*.9*
78.19
77.77
113.28 115.18

$98.88 *1.9
96.60 *1.8
8*.*0 *3.6
78.38 *2.*
87.20 *3.8
81.75 *3.8
93.66 *3.7
92.03 *0.*
77.60 38.5
105.66 *1.8

*1.8
*1.8
*2.8
*3.1
*3.2
*3.5
*2.8
*0.8
38.9
*2.5

*0.0
*1.6

*1.9
*2.0
*2.2
*2.6
*3.6
*2.8

*4.6
*0.9

$2.*5
2.39
2.O5
I.85
2.07
1.89
2.30
2.33
2.01
2.71

$2.36
2.30
2.00
1.8*
2.00
1.91
2.10
2.25
1.9*
2.5*"

2.59

2.90
3.01
2.55

2.88
2.98
2.56

$2.*6
2.*0
2.10

1.90
2.11
1.9*
2.32
2.35
2.02

2.71

PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COAL
Petroleum refining
..
Coke, other petroleum and coal products

119.31
122.51
IO8.78

H8.O3
123.11
102.51

117.79 *1.0
120.39 *0.7
IO8.29 *2.0

*0.7
*0.9
*0.2

*0.9
*0.*
*2.3

RUBBER PRODUCTS
Tires and inner tubes
Rubber footwear
Other rubber products...,

103.12
121.80
82.21
92.57

100.0*
117.51

98.7*
108.93
81.58
9*.98

*0.6
*0.6
*0.3
*0.6

39.7
39.7
*0.1
39.7

*1.2
*2.*

2.5*
3.00
2.0*
2.28

2.52
2.96
2.03
2.27

2.*5
2.96
1.98

62.37
86.05
77.81
59.66
59.8*
66.70
57.38
5**39

59.90
83.07
77.03
58.25
56.80
65.07
57.07
52.71

61.50
80.9*

83.38
58.7*
59.**
65.63
5*.5*
51.66

37.8
*0.*
39.3
38.0
37.*
39.7
37.5
37.0

36.3
39.0
39.1
37.1

35.5
38.5
37.3
36.1

38.2
39.1
*1.9
38.9
38.1
39.3
37.1
36.9

I.65
2.13
1.98
1.57
1.60
1.68
1.53
l.*7

I.65
2.13
1.97
1.57
1.60
I.69
1.53
l.*6

1.61
2.07
1.99
1.51
1.56,
I.67
l.*7
l.*0

107.59
99.79

108.28
95.92

*1.7
*3.2

*2.8
*3.6

(51

*3.1

2.32

2.58
2.31

2.53
2.20

88.09
69.9*
I2O.98
104.00

87.81
70.69
119.71

85.02
68.08
115.*8

39.0
37.2
*2.3
*2.2

•2.23
1.86
2.82
2.*3

2.2*
1.89
2.81
2.30

2.18
1.83

*2.9
*2.8

39.2
37.*
*2.6
*2.5

109.20
109.20
101.8*
115.3*

109.3*
109.61
101.15
116.18

105.37
106.60
98.*9
110.5*

*0.9
*0.9
*0.9
*0.9

*0.8
*0.9
*0.3
*1.2

*1.0
*1.0
*0.7
*!.*

2.67
2.67
2.*9
2.82

2.68
2.68
2.51
2.82

2.57

WHOLESALE TRADE

92.69

92.*6

91.13

*0.3

*0.2

*0.5

2.30

2.30

2.25

RETAIL TRADE (EXCEPT EATING AND DRINKING PLACES)

68.80
*9-7*
56.35
71.96
91.73
52.82

67.69
*8.87
55.0*
70.60
90.87
51.56

67.79
*'8.72
5*.72
70.29
9O.*l
52.55

37.8
3**3
35.0
35.8

38.3
3*.8
35.3
36.8

**.l
3*.3

37.*
33.7
3*.*
35.3
*3.9
33.7

**.l
3*.8

1.82
l.*5
1.61
2.01
2.08
1.5*

1.81
l.*5
1.60
2.00
2.07
1-53

1.77
l.*0
1.55
1.91
2.05
1.51

76.89
82.88

75.07
82.*9

75.95
80.70

*0.9
*2.5

*0.8
*2.3

*1.5
*2.7

1.88
1.95

1.8*
1.95

I.83
1.89

69.56
11*.7*
88.23

67.69 37.*
123.72
85.91

37.3

37.*

1.86

I.87

1.81

111.5*
88.15

«

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS
Leather: tanned, curried, and finished
Industrial leather belting and packing
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings...
Footwear (except rubber )
Luggage.
Handbags and small leather goods.
Gloves and miscellaneous leather goods

ai.*o
90.12

*0.3

36.8

2.91
3.01

2.2*

TRANSPORTATION AND PUBLIC UTILITIES:
TRANSPORTATION:
Interstate railroads:
Class I railroads
Local railways and bus lines

(5)

99.99

11»

COMMUNICATION:
Telephone
Switchboard operating employees'
Line construction employees7
Telegraph8

<
.

66

97.75

39.5
37.6

OTHER PUBLIC UTILITIES:
Gas and electric utilities
Electric light and power utilities.
Gas utilities
,
Electric light and gas utilities combined

,
,

2.60
2.*2
2.67

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL TRADE:

General merchandise stores.
Department stores and general mail-order housei
Food and liquor stores
Automotive and accessories dealers
Apparel and accessories stores
Other retail trade:
Furniture and appliance stores
Lumber and hardware supply stores

FINANCE, INSURANCE, AND REAL ESTATE:
Banks and trust companies
•
.
Security dealers and exchanges;
Insurance carriers
See footnotes at end of table.




69.75

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

38
Table C-6: Gross hours a i l taniifs if pnlictiii wtrktrs,1 by iilistry-Cutiiiel

Average weekly hours Average hourly earnings

June May
I960 I960

Industry

June
1959

June
I960

May
I960

SERVICE AND MISCELLANEOUS:
Hotels and lodging places:
Hotels, year-round9
Personal services:
Laundries
Cleaning and dyeing plants
Motion pictures;
Motion-picture production and distribution.

$1*7.32

39.9

39.9

101
*.

$1.21

$1.21

$1.18

1*6.92
51*. 79

i*o.o
39.9

39.9
39.1*

101
*.
39.7

1.22
113
.*

1.22
112
.*

1.17
1.38

103.15

1

Por mining and manufacturing, laundries, and cleaning and dyeing plants, data refer to production and related workers; for contract construction, to construction workers; and for all other industries, to nonsupervisory workers.
2
South: Includes the following 17 States—Alabama. Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana,
"Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.
*West: Includes California, Oregon, and Washington.
*North: Includes all States except the 17 listed as South in footnote 2.
6
Not available.
*Data relate to employees in such occupations in the telephone industry as switchboard operators; service assistants; operating
room instructors; and pay-station attendants. In 1959, such employees made up 36 percent of the total number of nonsupervisory employees in establishments reporting hours and earnings data.
7
Data relate to employees in such occupations in the telephone industry as central office craftsmen; installation and exchange
repair craftsmen; line, cable, and conduit craftsmen; and laborers. In 1959, such employees made up 30 percent of the total number
• of nonsupervisory employees in establishments reporting hours and earnings data.
8
Data relate to domestic employees except messengers.
*Money payments only; additional value of board, room, uniforms, and tips, not included.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

Table C-7: Gross a i l spendable average weekly eariiifs i i Mistrial a i l ciistrictiu activities,
ii cirreit a i l 1947-49 dollarsl
Type of earnings

Gross average weekly earnings:
Current dollars
1947-49 dollars

June
I960

June
1959

Contract construction
June
May
June
I960
I960
1959

June
I960

Manufacture
May
June
I960
1959

$110.29 $110.70 $ni.U9 $121.13 $119.56 $116.66 $91.60
91*. 66
87.19
87.65
89.55
93.70
95.75
72. Ul

$91.37
72.31*

$91.17
73.23

Spendable average weekly earnings:
Worker with no dependents:
Current dollars
1947-49 dollars
,

88.56
70.01

88.88
70.37

89.91*
72.21*

96.87
76.58

95.66
75. Ik

93.90
75.1*2

71*. 03
58.52

73.85
58.1*7

7U.15
59.56

Worker with 3 dependents:
Current dollars
1947-49 dollars

96.90
76.60

97.23
76.98

98.31*
78.99

105.79
83.63

lOii.50
82.71*

102.58
82.39

81.59
6i*.5O

81.U1
6U.U6

81.71
65.63

For mining and manufacturing, data refer to production and related workers; for contract construction, to construction
workers.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




39

State and Area Hours and Ea

Table C-8: Cross hoars and earniRfs of prodictioi workers i i n u i f i c t i r i i f , by State aid selected areas

Average weekly
State and area

ALABAMA
Birmingham.
Mobile

ARIZONA...
Phoenix..
ARKANSAS
L i t t l e Rock-North L i t t l e Rock.

CALIFORNIA
Bakersfield

Fresno
Los Angeles-Long Beach
Sacramento
San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario.
San Diego
San Francisco-Oakland
San Jose
Stockton

COLORADO.
Denver..

CONNECTICUT..
Bridgeport..
Hartford....
New Britain.
Nev Eaven...
Stamford... •
Waterbury..•

DELAWARE....
Wilmington.

DISTRICT OF COIUMBIA:
Washington

FLORIDA
Jacksonville.
Tampa-St. Petersburg.

GEORGIA..
Atlanta.

IDAHO.

ILLINOIS.
Chicago.

INDIANA.
IOWA
Des Moines.

KANSAS...
Topeka..
Wichita.

J&L

JSL

40.0
40.1
39.7

39.6
40.4
40.4

40.1
40.5
39.8

$1-93
2.56
2.24

$1.92
2.52
2.27

Jane
Iff?
$1.91
2.52
2.15

99.87
103.21

40.5
41.3

41.1

40.9

41.1
42.3

2.42
2.44

2.43
2.44

2.43
2.44

63.70
63.99

62.17
60.85

40.7
39.fi

41.1

40.5

40.3

40.9

1.55
1.63

1.58

1.52
1.SL

103.62
107-74

103.28.
102.21
81.92
102.82

39.?
4o.4
37.1
40.1
4o.o

8*

2.62
2.65

42.3
40.7
40.9
39.8
41.2
39.6

$77.20
102.66
88.93

$76.03
101.81
91.71

98.01
100.77

63.08

64.87

104.54
107.06
87.19
103.46
110.80
107.33
107.29

Average hourly earnings

June
I960

May
I960

June
I960

$76.59
102.06
85.57

99.39
100.28

85.07
102.29
113.29
106.93
110.84
107.64
112.86

40.2
39.3
39.6
41.3
40.0

39.7
40.2
36.2
39.8
40.9
4o.2
40.9
39.0
41.8
39.3

41.0
40.7

40.7
40.7

41.9
41.0

40.3
40.6
40.8
39.3
40.2
40.2
39.9

41.5
40.8
41.4
41.9
40.7
41.8
42.8

2.58
2.77
2.67
2.73
2,79
2.70
2.50

2.61
2.68
2.35
2.57
2.77
2.66
2.71
2.76
2,70
2.44

#
2.33

2.44
2.43

2.43
2.43

2.37
2.3*

2.30
2.39
2.39
2.28
2.27
2.43
2.31

2.25
2.33
2.31
2.23
2.19
2.36
2.28

2.55
2.53
2.22
2.52
2.71
2.58
2.62

100.00

95.89

114.63
105.01
107.16
107.06
104.65
92.27

100.o4
98.90

98.90
98.90

99.30
95.9*

98.17
93.50

92.69
97.03
97.51
89.6O
91.25
97.69
92.17

93.38
95.06
95.63
93.**
89.13
98.65
97.58

92.29
108.05

91.35
105.52

91.84
104.74

41.2
41.4

40.6
4o.9

41.0
41.4

2.24
2.61

2.25

2.58

2.24
2.53

98.85

98.21

96.15

39.7

39.6

4o.4

2.49

2.48

2.38

76 A5
79.20
74.24
77.88

76.59
81.81
75-1*
77.65

72.98
77.21
72.00
71.68

i.l

41.4
40.3
40.4
42.2

41.0
39.8
40.0
40.5

1.86

39.6

2.00
1.87
1.85

1.85
2.03
1.86
1.84

1.77

66.23
81.80
87.26

66.63
82.19
87.29

65.53
81.00
84.02

39.9
39.9
40.4

39.9

4o.7
40.3
4l.8

1.66
2.05
2.16

I.67
2.06
2.15

1.61
2.01
2.01

102.08

88.66

95.60

44.0

40.3

42.3

2.32

2.20

2.26

(1)
(1)

97.79
99-46

98.79
100.44

40.1
40.1

41.3
41.4

(1)

2.44
2.48

2.39
2.43

101.83

101.0*

103.38

40.3

40.3

41.5

2.53

2.51

2.49

9J..84
99.36

92.50
100.30

93.78
99.76

39.5
39.0

39.9
39.1

41.2
4o.O

2.32
2.55

2.32

2.28
2.49

95.90
107-54
98.99

95.3*
102*09
97.16

92.36
76.34
95.95

40.9
43.0
4o.l

4l.O
43.3
39.9

40.8
34.4
39.9

2.35

2.33

no.48
in. 51

&

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




e weekly hours

June
1959

June
I960

2.29
(1)
2.43
2.32

2.56

8

2.26
2.22
2.41

ko

State and Area Hours and Earnings

Table M : Gross hours and earnings i f prediction workers in manufacturing, by State and selected areas-Continued

Average weekly earnings

weekly hours
May
June
1Q.5Q
19ft)

$8k.66
96.58

Average
June
1060
kO.l
kO.7

39.9

kl.O

86.28
U9.ll
88.26
80.39

8k.25
109.33
86.00
83.OO

kl.2
kl.l
kO.2
kO.l

kO.7
kl.5
39-k
k6

kO.7
39.9

71.69
61.02
76.63

70.80
58.1*0
81.36

68.78
62.33
76.22

kO.5
37.9
39.5

MARYLAND...
Baltimore.

90.90
96.05

99
96.87

91.62
96.76

MASSACHUSETTS
Boston
Pall River
New Bedford.
Springfield-Holyoke.
Worcester

83.60
89.55
60.06
67.12
89.32
88.1*8

82.58
88.31
60.52
6^.98
88.00
88.26

82.22
87.23
57-ko
66.02
89.60
91.56

39.8
36.k
38.8
k0.6

111.86
118.68
122.27
101.01
112.23
103.26
108.8k

111.23
118.27
121.88
103.ki
118.29
102.56
109.65

9k.k7
iok.17
97.15

MISSISSIPPI.
Jackson....

MISSOURI
Kansas City.
St. Louis...

State and area

June

May
1060

June

KENTUCKY....
Louisville.

$85.01
97-97

$85.20
96.06

LOUISIANA....
Baton Rouge.
Hew Orleans.
Shreveport.•

87.76
116.72
9O.U5
79-kO

MAINE
Lewi ston-Auburn.
Portland

Average hourly earnings
May
June
June

1060

I960
$2.12
2.kl

$2.13
2.kl

$2.08
2.36

kl.5

2.13
2.8k
2.25
1.98

2.12
2.87
2.2k
1.98

2.07
2.7k
2.15
2.00

ko.o
36.5
ki.3

kO.7
39.7
kl.2

1.77
1.61
1.9k

1.77
1.60
1.97

1.69
1.57
1.85

ko.k
kO.7

ko.5
ko.7

ko.9
kl.O

2.25
2.36

2.27
2.38

2.2k
2.36

ko.o

39.7
39.6
36.9
38.0
ko.o

2.09
2.25
1.65
1.73
2.20
2.19

2.08
2.23
1.6k
1.71
2.20
2.19

2.03
2.17
1.59
1.68
2.18
2.18

ko.o

V).7

ko.o

ko.k

kO.3

kO.5
k0.2
36.1
39.3
kl.l
k2.0

110.18
119.02
Ilk.87
99.51
108.02
99.58
k

ko.9
ko.7
kl.8
ko.6
39.8

kO.7
k0.6
k2.0
kl.l
kl.8
39.6
kl.l

kl.5
k2.1
kl.2
k0.8
k0.2
kO.3
kl.O

2.7k
2.92
2.93
2.k9
2.82
2.59
2.69

2.73
2.91
2.90
2.52
2.83
2.59
2.67

2.66
2.83
2.79
2.kk
2.69
2.k7
2.57

93.52
101.53
95.85

93.00
102.37
95.9^

ko.k
ko.k

kO.l
k0.5
39.8

ko.9
39.6
kO.8

2.3k

2.33
2.51
2.kl

2.27
2.58
2.35

6i.kl
72.kl

60.10
69.53

60. k9
69.ll

ko.k

39.8
ko.9

ko.6
k2.k

1.52
1.72

1.51
1.70

I.k9
I.63

87.8k
96.70
99.15

87.15
96.29
98.90

85.80
98.37
95.90

ko.o
ko.o

39.2
39.9
39.9

kO.2
kl.l
ko.k

2.23
2.k2
2.k8

2.22
2.k2
2.k8

2.1k
2.39
2.38

MONTANA..

100.9^

98.55

ko.7

39-9

39.1

2.k8

2.k7

2.39

NEBRASKA.
Omaha...

88.01
95.52

88.26
93.^9

8k.ko
90.26

k2.k
k2.k

k2.7
k2.0

k2.9
kl.9

2.08
2.25

2.07
2.23

1.97
2.15

113.9**

113.97

107.83

k2.2

kl.9

kl.O

2.70

2.72

2.63

NEW HAMPSHIRE.
Manchester...

71.15
6k.68

70.^5
63.67

69.60
6k.o8

k0.2
38.5

39.8
37.9

kO.7
38.6

1.77
1.68

1.77
1.68

1.71
1.66

NEW JERSEY
Jersey City 2
Newark 2
Paterson-Clifton-Passale 2
Perth Amboy 2
Trenton

95.7
96.31
97.20
9^.79
98.66
91.kk

* 3
93.89
96.71
9k.0k
99.31
92.53

93.06
92.97
95.0k
9k. 30
96.3k
92.60

ko.k
ko.k

k0.6
k0.2
k0.6
39.5

k0.2
39.7
k0.5
39.9
ko.9
39.9

k0.6
kO.3
kl.O
kl.O
ko.6
kl.l

2.36
2.38
2.39
2.36
2.k3
2.31

2.36
2.37
2.39
2.36
2.k3
2.32

2.29
2.31
2.32
2.30
2.37
2.25

NEW MEXICO...
Albuquerque.

83.82
88.22

86.50
90.5k

85.k6
90.9k

kO.3
kO.l

ko.8
k0.6

k2.1
k2.3

2.08
2.20

2.12
2.23

2.03
2.15

MICHIGAN
Detroit
Flint
Grand Rapids
Lansing
Muskegon-Muskegon Heights.

MINNESOTA...
Duluth
Minneapolis-St. Paul.

NEVADA.

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




39.?
ko.k

kO.l

k2.1
39.5.

State and Area Hours and Earninqs

41

Table C-8: Gross hours and earnings of prelection workers in manufacturing, by State and selected areas-Continued

Average weekly earnings
State and area

June
1959

Average weekly hours
June
1959

Average hourly earnings
June
I960

39.6
(1)
39.3
41.0
40.6
40.9
38.2
39.4
40.6
(1)
40.5
39.8

$2.30
2.40
2.15
(1)
2.24
2.47
2.24
2.31
(1)

40.9
39.6
39.8

38.9
40.0
37.5
40.4
40.1
40.3
37.5
38.7
40.7
40.6
39.7
40.0

2.32

$2.30
2.41
2.14
2.69
2.23
2.45
2.24
2.31
2.45
2.37
2.18
2.33

62.06
66.49
61.60

40.3
40.2
38.0

40.3
41.2
38.8

41.1
41.3
40.0

1.55
1.64
1.58

1.55
1.66
1.58

81.70
85.06

82.84
86.69

42.1
39.2

41.3
38.5

42.6
40.7

1.99
2.22

1.98
2.21

104.34
114.74
102.75
100.01
106.54
100.26
112.57
105.35
110.09

104.09
111.37
96.39
99.94
109.24
99.37
111.51
105.39
106.88

105.75
106.92
110,26
97.10
110.73
97.27
III.63
109.91
126.64

40.3
40.1
38.7
41.3
4o.o
40.6
41.4
39.9
37.8

40.1
39.2
36.4
41.3
40.8
40.4
41.2
40.1
36.6

41.5
39.6
41.2
41.4
42.1
1*0.8
42.4
40.8
42.1

2.59
2.86
2.66
2.42
2.66
2.47
2.72
2.64
2.91

2.60
2.84
2.65
2.42
2.68
2.46
2.71
2.63
2.92

2.55
2.70
2.68
2.35
2.63
2.38
2.63
2.69
3.01

,

86.10
82.39
91.37

85.67
81.99
92.69

86.74
78.44
95.04

4l.O
41.4
39.9

40.6
41.2
40.3

41.5
41.5
41.5

2.10
1.99
2.29

21
.1
1.99
2.30

2.09
1.89
2.29

,
...

97.68
96.38

98.79
98.26

96.81
95.54

38.2
38.4

38.5
38.9

38.8
38.9

2.56
2.51

2.57
2.53

2.50
2.46

PENNSYLVANIA
,
Allentownf-Bethlehem-Easton
•,
Erie
,
Harrisburg. ••••••••
,
Lancaster
Phi lade lphia
<
Pittsburgh
,
Reading
••«••••••••••••.
Scranton
•
• •••••'••••<
Wilkes-Barre—Hazleton
,
York
,

89.83
87.94
98.53
81.60
79.19
94.25
108.14
79.17
68.11
61.85
76.52

90.78
89.08
97.99
78.95
79.20
94.16
109.20
80.58
66.70
64.13
77.90

91.83
86.75
97.94
80.78
79.35
93.09
115.64
80.80
65.28
60.92
79.75

39.1
38.4
41.4
4o.O
40.2
39.6
38.9
39.0
38.7
36.6
40.7

39.3
38.9
41.0
38.7
40.0
39.9
39.0
39.5
37.9
37.5
41.0

40.1
38.9
41.5
39.6
40.9
40.3
41.3
40.4
38.4
36.7
1*2.2

2.30
2.29
2.38
2.04
1.97
2.38
2.78
2.03
1.76
I.69
1.88

2.31
2.29
2.39
2.04
1.98
2.36
2.80
2.04
I.76
1.71
1.90

2.29
2.23
2.36
2.04
1.94
2.31
2.80
2.00
1.70
1.66
I.89

76.19
75.33

75.20
75.17

75.36
74.85

40.1
40.5

40.0
40.2

40.3
40.9

1.90
1.86

1.88
1.87

1.87
1.83

,

64.94
74.93

64.94
75.35

62.21
70.18

41.1
41.4

41.1
41.4

41.2
40.8

1.58
1.81

1.58
1.82

1.51
1.72

,

89.39
100.94

89.26
100.78

90.47
103.49

45.O
45.0

44.8
46.0

47.6
49.8

1.99
2.24

1.99
2.19

1.90
2.08

,

74.34
76.8O
85.26
81.81
77.71

73.60
75.83
85.88
81.81
78.14

70.82
75.81
84.05
71.81
76.70

40.4
40.0
40.6
40.7
40.9

40.0
39.7
40.7
40.5
40.7

40.7
41.2
40.8
38.4
40.8

1.84
1.92
2.10
2.01
1.90

1.84
1.91
2.11
2.02
1.92

1.74
1.84
2.06
1.87
1.88

NEW YORK
Albany-Schenectady-Troy.
Binghamton.
Buffalo
•
Elmira....
Nassau-Suffolk Counties 2 ......
New York City 2
New York-Northeastern New Jersey,
Rochester. • • « • .
•
Syracuse
Utica-Rome••••••••••••••••••••••
Westchester County 2 ••••••

$89.75
95*89
83.28
(1)
90.39
100.54
84.45
89.86
(1)
96.69
86.31*
92.39

$89.38
96.61
80.34
108.76
89.57
98.75
83.96
89.40
99.64
96.21
86.61
92.97

$88.62
(1)
80.41
108.16
89.52
98.67
83.14
88.26
97.46
(1)
85.76
90.52

62 .47
65.93
60.04

62.47
68.39
61.30

,

83.81*
86.77

OHIO
,
Akron.•••.••••••••••••••••••••••<
Canton.
••••
,
Cine innati ••••••••••
,
Cleveland.
Columbus •
..
Dayton
•
Toledo.•••••••••••••••••••••••••,
Youngstown
•
,

NORTH CAROLINA.
Charlotte
Greensboro-High Point

,

NORTH DAKOTA....
Fargo

OKLAHOMA.
Oklahoma City.
Tulsa

«

•

OREGON
Portland

RHODE ISLAND
Providence

.••••••••••••••••,

SOUTH CAROLINA
Charleston

SOUTH DAKOTA....
Sioux Falls

TENNESSEE.
Chattanooga
Knoxville
Memphis
Nashville

•

•

,
,

See footnotes at end of table.
N T : Data for the current month are preliminary.
OE




39.0
39.9
38.8
(1)
40.4
40.8
37.7

State and Area Hours and Ec

42

Table C-8: Gross hours and earnings i f prediction workers in manufacturing, by State and selected areas-Continued

Average weekly earnings
State and area

Averag e weekly hours

Average hourly earnings

June
i960

May
19&>

42.0
42.2
41.0
42.5
41.1

$2.16
1.94
2.36
2.52
1.71

$2.17
1.95
2.36
2.53
1.71

$2,15
-1.91
2.34
2.49
1.64

40.2
40.3

40.7
40.6

2.54
2.37

2.48
2.33

2.42
2.27

42.0
41.3
42.2

42.1
41.3
43.3

42.6
42.2
43.1

1.84
1.91
2.18

I.85
1.90
2.20

1.78
1.82
2.11

69.6O
75.26
78.94

41.0
40.8
41.1

40.4
39.6
40.2

40.7
40.9
40.9

1.79
1.88
2.01

1.78
1.88
1.97

1.71
1.84
1.93

102.05
101.40
106.26
100.36

100.08
98.67
105.97
99.33

39.1
38.8
39.6
38.O

39.1
39.0
39.5
38.6

39.4
39.0
40.6
38.8

2.62
2.60
2.66
2.59

2.61
2.60
2.69
2.60

2.54
2.53
2.61
2.56

94.23
116.24
95.06

93.36
115.66
89.63

94.01
113.70
98.31

39.1
40.5
38.8

38.9
40.3
37.5

39.5
40.9
39.8

2.41
2.87
2.45

2.40
2.87
2.39

2.38
2,78
2.49

WISCONSIN..
Kenosha...
La Crosse.
Madison...
Milwaukee.
Racine.•••

98.03
126.85
94.32
104.25
107.51
96.23

97.73
126.31
96.72
105.77
106.76
96.23

9^.57
104.16
93.24
100.70
104.10
99.50

41.2
44.6
39.7
40.1
40.7
39.5

40.9
44.4
40.7
40.6
40.6

41.3
40.6
40.0
40.6
41.0
41.0

2.38
2.84
2.37
2.60
2.64
2.44

2.39
2.84
2.38
2.60
2.63
2.44

2.29
2.57
2.33
2.48
2.54
2.43

WYOMING.
Casper.

9^.83
113.87

97.12
123.55

98.30
123.19

36.9
39.4

37.5
41.6

38.7
41.9

2.57
2.89

2.59
2.97

2.5*
2.94

June
I960

May
I960

June
1959

TEXAS
Dallas
Fort Worth..
Houston.•...
San Antonio.

$88.56
79.93
93.22
105.59
70.45

$89.62
81.70
95.82
107.27
69.94

$90.30
80.60
95.94
105.83
67.40

41.0
41.2
39.5
41.9
41,2

41.3
41.9
40.6
42.4
40.9

UEAH
Salt Lake City.

103.89
96.93

99.70
93.90

98.49
92.16

40.9
40.9

VERMONT
Burlington.•
Springfield.

77.28
78.88
92.00

77.89
78.47
95.26

75.75
76.65
90.88

VIRGINIA
Norfolk-Portsmouth•
Richmond.••••

73.39
76.70
82.61

71.91
74.45
79.19

WASHINGTON.
Seattle...
Spokane.••
Tacoma....

102.44
100.88
105.34
98.42

WEST VIRGINIA.
Charleston.••
Wheeling

x

Not available.
2
Subarea of New York-Northeastern New Jersey.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover*




June
I960

19&)

June
1959

June

U3

Tabli 0-1: Lahir tiruvir rates ii •anfactiriii
1951 to late
(Per 100 employees)
Apr.

May

June

July

Aug.

Annual
average

Sept.

Total accessions

1951...
1952...
1953...
1954...
1955...
1956...
1957...
1958...
19591
196©...

5.2
4.4
'4.4
2.8
3.3
3.3
3.2
2.5
3.3
3.6

4.5
3.9

4.2
2.5
3.2
3.1
2.8

4.6

3.9
4.4

3.3

2.8
3.6
3.1
2.8
2.4
3.6

2.9

2.7

2.2

4.5
3.7
4.3

h.5
3*9
4.1

2.4

2.7.

3.5
3.3
3.5

3.8
3.4
3.0
3.0
3.6

2.8

3.2

2.8
2.5

4.2
4.4
4.1
2.9
3.4
3.3
3.2
3.3
3.3

4.9
4.9
5.1
3.5
4.3
4.2
3.9
3.8
4.4
3.6

4.4
5.2
3.3
3.6
4.1
4.2

4.5
5-9
4.3
3.3
4.5
3.8
3.2
3.9
3.9

4.3
5.6
4.0
3.4
4.4
4.1
3.3
4.0
3.9

2.9
3.4
3.1

3.4
3.9
3.3

3.2

k.k

3-9
4.0
2.7
3.3
3.3

3.0

3.3
2.1

k.h
4.4
3.9
3.0

3.0
2.2
2.8
3.0

2.5
2.5
2.3

3.7
3.4

3.8

3.6

3.k

2.8

2.0

k.l
2.k
1.8
2.9
2.6
1.7
1.7
2.0

3.3

2.6

3.k
3.3

1.7
1.7
2.k
1.9

1.3
1.7
1.5

n

2.9
3.0

New 1lires

1951.
1952.
1953.
1954.
1955..
1956.
1957.
1958.

3.9

3.5

3.1

2.9

2.8

3.3

3.5

3.4

l.k
1.7

1.3
1.8

2.2
2.0
1.0

2.1

1.5
1.9

1.7

•9
1.7
1.7

3.7
l.k
2.2
1.9
1.7

•9
1.9
1.5

3.7
2.8

3.5

k.O

3.2

2.9

3.8

3.3

k.2
1.9
3.1
3.0
2.6
1.6
3.0

3.3
3.3

3.7

1.2
2.2
2.1
1.7

l.k
2.5
2.3
1.9

.9

1.0
2.2

2.0
l.k

1.7

1.6
2.5
2.2
2.1

1.5

2.2

3.0
1.9
3.1
2.7

1.8
3.2
2.6
2.1
1.6
2.5

1-9
2.6

5.3
k.6

5.1
k.9

2.0

1.1

1.1

.7

3.0
1.6
2.k
2.3
1.8
1.3
2.0

1.3
1.5

1.1
1.3

k.3
3.5
k.Z
3.0
3.1
3.3

3.5
3.k

k.k

k.O
3.0
3.0
2.8

k.3
3.5
3.3
3.5
3.6
3.6
3.k

2.2~
Total separations

19511952..
1953..
1954..
1955..
1956..
1957..
1958..
1959 1
i960.,

19*1..
1952..
1953..
1954..
1955..
1956..
1957..
1958..
1959..
1960.,

k.l

k.o
3.8
k.3
2.9
3.6
3.3
5.0
3.1
2.9

3.8
3.9
3.6
3.5
2.5
3.6

4.8
3.9
k.k
3.3

3.0

3.5
3.3

k.6
k.l
k.3
3.8
3.1
3.4
3.3

3.9

k.2
2.8

k.l
3.0

2.9

3.7

3.6

3.3

3.0
2.9
2.8
3.2

2.6
3.0

k.l

3.7
k.l

3.7
3.0

3.2

3.7
3.k
3.6

k.k
5.0
k.3

k.3
3.9

k.2
3.1
3.2

3.1

k.O

3.9

k.k
k.k

3.5
3.7

U

3.1
3.0
2.9
1.4

3.1

3.3

2.1

2.1

2.5

2.7

2.8

2.5

2.k

1.9

2.0

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.2
1.0
1.0

2.6

2.5

1.1

1.1

l.k
1.3

1.3

1.5
1.6
1.3

1.6
1.5
l.k

.8
.9

.7
.8

1.0

1.2

1.0

2.5

2.7
1.1

1.3
l.k
1.3

1.5
1.5
1.3

1.0
1.5

.7
1.0
1.0

.7
1.1
1.1

1.6
l.k
.8
1.3
1.1

.8
1.3

3.9
k.k

3.2
3.1
3.2

2.1
1.1
1.0

1.0

3.5

5.2

3.k

3.k

1.9

2.7

k.Q

•9
1.3

k.O

k.l
k.2
4.5
3.3
3.5
3.5
lf.0
3.2
k.l

k.O
2.8
k.l

1.9

3.8
2.8
3.1

1.4
1.7

k.l

2.4
2.3
2.3

2.2
2.2

3.1
1.8
2.8
2.6

1.9

2.2

2.5
2.8
2.1
1.2
1.8
1.7
1.3

1.2

1.5

1.1

1.8

2.2

1.4

1.0

.7
.7
.9

1.3

1.4
10
.
1.3
1.7
1.3
1.2
1.6
1.9
1.4

1.3
.7
1.5
1.7
1.1
1.4
1.8
1.6
1.5

1.4

1.7
.7
2.3
1.6
1.2
1.5
2.7
1.6
2.6

1.5
10
.
2.5
1.7
1.4
1.4
2.7
1.8
1.7

1.2
1.1
1.3
1.9
1.2
1.5
1.7
2.3
1.6

3.5

2.1
1.5
1.0
1.4
1.3

.9
.8

1.1

1.1

•9
1.1
1.0

1.1

1.6
1.6
1.4

.9

Layoffs

1951..
1952..
1953..
195^..
1955..
1956..
1957..
1958..
1959..
1960.,

10
.
l.k

d
1.5
1.7
1.5
3.8
1.7
1.3

0.8
1.3
.8
2.2
1.1
1.8
l.k
2.9
1.3
1.5

0.8
1.1
.8
2.3
1.3
1.6
1.4
3.2
1.3
2.2

1.0
1.3
.9
2.4
1.2
1.4
1.5
3.0
1.3
2.0

1.2
1.1
1.0
1.9
1.1
1.6
1.
2
1.1
1.6

•I

10
.
11
.

.9
1.7
1.2
1.3
1.1
1.8
1.0
1.6

1.3
2.2
1.1
1.6
1.3
1.2
1.3
2.0
1.4

x:8
1.6
1.2
1.3
2.3
1.7
2.8

beginning with January 1959, transfers between establishments of the same firm are included in total accessions and total separations, therefore rates for these items are not strictly comparable with prior data. Transfers comprise part of other accessions
and other separations, the rates for which are not shown separately.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
Data in all tables "in Section D relate to the United States without Alaska and Hawaii.




nbor Turnover
Table D-2: L i t * tirnvir rates, by iilistry
(Per 100 emplpyees)
Industry

Total

New 1lires

rates
Layoffs

Quits

June
I960

May

I960

May
i?6o

3.2

33
.

1.1

1.1

1.6

1.6

36
.
2.5

35
.
29
.

1.0

1.0

2.0

1.9

1.3

1.3

.8

1.1

l.k

37
.

2.2

0.9

0.8

2.0

1.1

5.2

55
.

39
.
k.6
37
.
38
.

2.2
2.3

1.1

15.0
3.7 -

2.1
(2)
2.1

1.8

(2)

k 1
(2)

(2)

•8
l.k

1.6
.8

1.6

2.2
2.0

35
.
37
.

l.k
1.6

1.7
1.9

1.1

1.1

1.2

.7
.
9
.3

May
I960

June
i960

36
.

3.2

2.2

1.7

3.k
39
.

3.2

33
.

1.9
2.6

1.6
1.9

ORDNANCE AND ACCESSORIES.

35
.

2.1

1.9

LUMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS
Logging camps and contractors
Sawmills and planing mills
Millwork, plywood, prefabricated structural wood products.

63
.

69
.
17.8

DURABLE GOODS
NONDURABLE GOODS1

s•par at ion
June
I960

June
.1260. I960

June
I960

MANUFACTURING.

Toi al

May

May

I960

Durable Goods

6.k k.l
33 35
.
.
k.O
33
.
3.2 k.2
36 35
.
.
33
.

STONE, CLAY, AND GLASS PRODUCTS.
Glass and glass products
Cement, hydraulic
Structural clay products
Pottery and related products...

ill

2*.5

2.k

2.3

3.1

2.2

2.6
2.7

2.6

2.2

2.3

2.8

2.8

1.8

33
.

FURNITURE AND FIXTURES
Household furniture
Other furniture and fixtures.

2.0
2.1

1.5
1.7
1.5

36
.
58
.

2.8
2.9

1.3

1.2

33
*

2.7

2.1

35
.

39
.

1.0

2.1

FABRICATED METAL PRODUCTS
Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware.
,
Cutlery and edge tools
,
Hand tools
Hardware
Heating apparatus (except electric) and plumbers' supplies,
Sanitary ware and plumbers' supplies
,
Oil burners, nonelectric heating and cooking apparatus,
not elsewhere classified.
,
Fabricated structural metal products
,
Metal stamping, coating, and engraving
,

2.k

1.2

1.3

2.2

3.0

.8

2.2

.7

.
5

k.l

.2

k.k
53
.
38
.
37
.
k.l
33
.

.k

.2
1.2
1.2

2.5

1.8
1.3
2.6
2.9
l.k
2.8

2.1

1.8

2.5
k.O

l.k

2.1

2.1

1.6
2.9
3.1

33
.

39
.
2.8
3.1
2.8

33
.
39
.
3.*

2.0
2.2

1.3

1.1

6!l
3.2
2.9
2.7
3.8

1.8

1.6

1.0

2.3

.
6

.3

2.0

2.2

2.0

1.2

53
.
*.3

37
.
5.0

35
.
2.7

3.k
33
.
3.3
2.3

.7

2.5
1.9
3.1

1.5
.8

2.1
2.1

1.9
2.k
1.3

2.1

3.2
k.Q

3*k
33
.
38
.

2.9
2.2

3.1
2.6

.8
.6

^•7
38
.

53
.

.7
.
9
.8
.
9
.7
.8

.
6

.7

2.2

1.7

1.5
2.k

1.0

2.0
1.0

k.o
2.k
1.5

1.7

3.2
5.1

2.9
k.O
5.1

2.2

MACHINERY (EXCEPT ELECTRICAL)
Engines and turbines.....
,
Agricultural machinery and tractors
,
Construction and mining machinery.
,
Metalworking machinery
Machine tools
,
Met alworking machinery (except machine tools)
,
Machine-tool accessories
,
Special-industry machinery (except metalworking machinery),
General industrial machinery
,
Office and store machines and devices
Service-industry and household machines
,
Miscellaneous machinery parts
,

2.9

2.3
1.8
2.9
2.1

ELECTRICAL MACHINERY
Electrical generating, transmission, distribution, and
industrial apparatus
Communication equipment
Radios, phonographs, television sets, and equipment.....
Telephone, telegraph, and related equipment
Electrical appliances, lamps, and miscellaneous products.

2.0

k.k

1.0

39
.

1.2
1.8
1.0
1.0

2.2

1.7
1.7
l.k
2.2
1.8
2.5
2.3
2.5
1.7
l.k

33
.

2.8

2.6

2.0

35
.
5.2

30
.
k.2

1.8

.
9
k.3

2.9
2.k

2.0

2.2

1.6

2.8
2.3
3.1
3.2

2.1

2^6
2.6

k.k

2.6
2.2

2.k
2.k
2.k

.8
.7
.
5

.7

2.7
2.6
1.7




34
.

k.2

PRIMARY METAL INDUSTRIES
Blast furnaces, steel works, and rolling mills
Iron and steel foundries
Gray-iron foundries
Malleable-iron foundries
Steel foundries
Primary smelting and refining of nonferrous metals:
Primary smelting and refining of copper, lead, and zinc.
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of nonferrous metals:
Rolling, drawing, and alloying of copper
Nonferrous foundries
Other primary metal industries:
Iron and steel forgings

See footnotes at end of table.

36
.
35
.

1.6
1.6

1.2

9

1.1
1.2

1.3
1.0

l.k
1.5
1.7
1.5
1.2
1.2

2.3
2.3
1.9
2.6
1.8
2.k
1.8
6.0

.2

.
8
.
9

.8
.
9
.
5
1.1
1.1

.
5
.k
.
7
.7

1.5

3.8

3.k
k.k

l!8
l.k

2.1

.
5

.
9

(3)

.2

.3

.2

1.1

.8

3.*

1.6
2.3

.
6

.
5

3.*

k.2

1.0

1.9

1.8

1.0

1.2

2.0
1.7
1.0

35
.

1.0
1.1
1.3
1.1
1.0

3.1
2.6

.8
.9

3.2
2.k
2.k
1.7
3.0
2.0

2.7
2.k

1.1

.7
1.1

.8

.8

.
9
.8
•
6

1.0

.8
.
9
.7
.
9
.7

1.0
1.0
1.0

.8
.8
.8

.
9
.7
^7
.8
#9
,
9
.
9
.7
.
6

3.0

3.1

1.0

1.5
1.9
2.5
1.6
2.7

.9
1.5

2.8
2.8

3.0
3.2
k.O
1.3

.
9

.8

1.0
1.1

1.1
1.2

37
.

2.2

1.0

2.6

1.3

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

.k

1.9

1.1

1.8

38
.

1.5
l.k

.
6

1.0

33
.
k.O

1.3

.8

.
6

1.0

2.0

2.0

2.5

k.k
.6

1.1
1.2

2.5
2.6
3.3

.
6

.6
1.6

l.k
.6

1.2

37
.

1.0

- .6 | •7 '
1.0

1«2~

.8
.k
l.k

.6
.
6
.7
1.5

2.3
1.6
l.k
1.7
1.7
2.1

1.6
1.0

3.3
2.5
1.0
1.0

.8
l.k
.5

1.8
1.5

37
.
1.8
1.2
1.3
.6
1.8

.7

1.3
1.0
2.1

U 3.1
'•9
1.2

l.k

1.2

l.k
1.5

.
9
l.k
.1

2.0
.2

1.9

1.8

U5
Table 0-2: Labor turnover rates, by industry-Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Industry

Total
June
May
I960
I960

New hires

Total
June
May
I960
I960

June
I960

I960

lU
.

a

1.
'2

U.O

1.2
1.6

.
8
.
8
.7
.
6

(2)
2.9
2.8

May

Separation rates
Quits
Layoffs
June
June
May
May
l?6p_ JL960_ I960
I960

Durable Goods — Continued
TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT.
vehicles and equipment
aft and parts
raft
raft engines and parts
raft propellers and parts
r aircraft parts and equipment..
Ship and boat building and repairing.
oad equipment
motives and parts.
Railroad and street cars
Other transportation equipment.
INSTRUMENTS AND RELATED PRODUCTS
Photographic apparatus
Watches and clocks
Professional and scientific instruments.
M I S C E L L A N E O U S MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIESJewelry, silverware, and plated ware..

3.5
(2)

2.3
2.0

3.2

33
.
33
.
15
.
1U
.
15
.

25
.

(2)

2.2

(2)

U.2

2.9

1.8
1.7

U.6

8.2
8.2

10.0

2.6
2.8
1.9

U.2

97
.

3.1

(2)

U.8

8.2
(2)

.
7

2.2

8.0

87
.
27
.

67
.
87
.
3U
.

2.8

2.0

(2)

1.1
3.2
2.1

(2)

2.9

33
.
U.O
25
.

(2)

38
.
3U
.
2.7
2.6

0.9
(2)
1.1
1.1

0.8

2.5

2U
.

.
6

(2)

2.1

1.0
1.0

.
6

.
7
.8
1U
.
17
.
.7
.
9
.
6

1.5
IU
.
1U
.

1U
.
13
.
15
.
.
3
25
.
71
.

25
.
15
.
U.7
96
.
77
.

(2)
1.9
1.8

2.7

(2)

.7

(2)
2.1

7.1
5.9
(2)

1.9

1.6

9.5
1 6 2.3
.

1.0

2.2
(2)
1.0

1.3

2U
.

2.3

.8

(2)

1.0
(2)

.
8

1.0

1.2

15
.

2.9
2.7

U.8

27
.

2.1

1.1
1.1

1.1
1.1

10.U

.
3

1.1

.
5

76
.

.1

.
9
(2)

6.0

.
7
88
.

.u
1.0
.2

h.9

25
.

2.6

39
.

39
.

13
.

.8
.
9
1.5

1.9

2.1

15
.

2.0

2.1

1.2

1.1

.2

3.0

2.2

27
.
19
.
3.5

3.7
35
.

1.0

1.1

5.h l.U

3.5

1.3
1.1
2.3
.9

(2)

3.0

(2)

.
6
.7
16
.
.
6

25
.
17
.

3.0

.5
.9
iU
.

(2)

2.0

1.3
.3
2.6

15
.

.
7

.
9

.2

.1
1.7

.u
.3

1.6

1U
.

.9
2.6
1.1

2.8
3.1
2.8
2.6

2.9
3.1
2.8
2.6

Uo
.

Uo
.

1.8

3.1
.9
17
.
.7

Nondurable Goods
FOOD AND KINDRED P R O D U C T S .
Meat products
Grain-mill products
Bakery products
Beverages:
Malt liquors

50
.
37
.
51
.
53
.

lt.6

3.6
37
.

3.1
3.8

1.1
1.7
3.1

(2)

k.9

(2)

2.8

TOBACCO MANUFACTURES.
Cigarettes
Cigars
,
Tobacco and snuff...

1.2

25
.

.8

1.3

.u

2.1

.2

1.0

3.2

15
.
15
.

17
.
.
7

TEXT ILE-MILL PRODUCTS
Yarn and thread mills
Broad-woven fabric mills
Cotton, silk, synthetic fiber.......
Woolen and worsted
Knitting mills
Full-fashioned hosiery
Seamless hosiery.
Knit underwear
Dyeing and finishing textiles
Carpets, rugs, other floor coverings.

3.5 3 3
.
36 33
.
.
3.2
27
.
2.9
25
.
52 U5
.
.
U.8 5 U
.
(2)
76
.

2.3

2.0
2.3
1.6

APPAREL AND OTHER FINISHED T E X T I L E PRODUCTS
Men's and boys' suits and coats
Men's and boys' furnishings and work clothing.

2.3
2.3

PAPER AND ALLIED PRODUCTS
Pulp, paper, and paperboard mills.
Paperboard containers and boxes...

3.k
(2)

36
.

1.5
2.7
3.1
2.3
2.7
2.0

3.1

2.0

2.0

25
.

(2)
1.9
(2)

1.9
1.8
1.7

U.6
U.0
U.7
3.7

.5

.7
.
6

1.3
2.3

1.3
3.1

2.3
1.3
3.1

1.1
.6
1.6

.7

.
7

(2)

2.8
1.9
2.9

2.8
2.8
3.1

1.8
1.2

17
.
15
.
13
.
13
.
13
.

25
.

1.2

2.2

1.1

1U
.
.9

1.3
1.8

.
8

1.0

.
9
lU
.

1.1
1.6

.
9
.
9
1.5

2.0

1.8
1.6
2.8
2.6

1.2
.8

1.2
1.0

.8
.
7

1.3
.9

2.7

1.1

15
.
U.O
3U
.

.8
17
.
13
.

.
7
.
3
1U
.

3.0
1.8

3U
.
1.8

1U
.
3.3
2.3
it. 3

3.9

57
.
38
.
6.0

39
.
25
.
5.h U.1

5.1
3.0

NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.

.
5

.9

2.6
1.1
2.8

1.6
1.9
1.6
1.6
1.9

3.2
2.7
1.7

2.8
3.0
3.0

2U
.

15
.
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7

2.7
(2)
1.7

2.8
2.6
3.1

2.0

.2

.
5 (3)
.
5
.5 .3

(2)

2.9

3 8 U.O
.
.
3U 39
.
U.I U.2
38 25
.
.
35 17
.
.
.
k.3 3 6

3.2

LEATHER AND LEATHER PRODUCTS
Leather: tanned, curried, and finished.
Footwear ( exqept rubber )

2.8
1.6

2.0

1.8
3.2

1.1

2.2
(2)

2U
.
25
.

RUBBER PRODUCTS
Tires and inner tubes.
Rubber footwear
Other rubber products.

Uo
.

25
.

(2)
1.U
(2)

2.9

PRODUCTS OF PETROLEUM AND COALPetroleum refining




(2)

3.0

C H E M I C A L S AND ALLIED P R O D U C T S . . .
Industrial inorganic chemicals.
Industrial organic chemicals. ..
Synthetic fibers
Drugs and medicines
Paints, pigments, and fillers. .

See footnotes at end of table.

6.1

17
.

2.8

25
.

.8

U3
.
3.8

36
.
25
.
3.8

1.2

(2)
2.1

.9
.
7
.7
.6
15
.
.8
.3
1.1

.
5

1.0

1.0

.
3
.
3
.8

2U
.
.7
.
8

.
5

.
U

.
6

.
5

.
3
.
3
.8
27
.
16
.
.
3
h.5 1.8

.
5
.
5

(2)

.
6

.2

(2)

2.6
1.8
2.8

.
5
.
U

.
9
.8

.7
.6
17
.

1.2

.8
.7
37
.

1U
.
.
6
.
6
.
3

.u
.
6

.8
1.0

2.1

(2)

.8

.
5

.8

.8

.u

.u
.8

.1

.2

.
3
.
3

.8

.2

.
3

.
5
.
5
.2

.3

.
5
.
5

.2

.2

.
3
.
3

.8
.
3

17
.

1.5

1.2
1.2
2.2

1.0
1.7
1.9

2.1

3.2

1.1

.
9

U.2
2U
.

2U
.

2.0

.
8

1.6

.8
2.6

.
6

1.2

2.2

.8

1.5
17
.

u.u

Takd 0-2: Libtr tiriinr rates, by iiiistrjf-Cutiiiel

Industry

(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
New hires
Total

June
I960

I960

June
I960

3.2
2.9
(2)
3.6

3.6
1.8
2.6
2.7

2.2
1.2
(2)
3.2

2.2
1.1
1.1
1.9

ANTHRACITE MINING

2.5

1.0

.
6

.1

BITUMINOUS-COAL MINING.

1.1

1.0

.
6

.
5

COMMUNICATION:
Telephone..
Telegraph*

(2)
(2)

15
.

(2)
(2)

•

Total
June May

Separation rates
Quits

Layoffs

I960

June
I960

3b

1.6

1.6
.3
1-3
2.2

O.k
.6
(2)
.
2

0.2
.5
.
1
.
2

3.1

.1

.
7

2.8

1.6

k.O

.
3

.
3

3.8

3.5

(2)
(2)

1.1
.
9

(2)
(2)

.
1
.
6

June
i960

I960

I960

2.0
2.3
(2)
2.5

2.7
1.3
2.5
3.9

0.8

k.l
k.k
(2)
(2)

l.k
1.9

N0NMANUFACTURIN6:
M E T A L MINING
Iron mining
Copper mining
Lead and zinc mining.

*Data for the printing, publishing, and allied industries group are excluded.

Ttot available.
*Less than 0.05*
itota relate to donestic employees except messengers.
HOTEt Data for the current month are preliminary.

Tibli D-3: Lalir timver rates i i •aufactinif, ly s u a i l Major industry group1
April I960

Major industry group

MANUFACTURING.

Men (per 100 men)
Separations
Total
Total
Quits
accessions

Women (per 100 women)
Separations
Total
Quits
Total
accessions

2.6

1.0

3.3

k.2

1.6

2.7
2A

DURABLE GOODS....
NONDURABLE GOODS.

3.5
3.8
2.5

1.0
1.0

3.1
3A

k.k
k.O

lU
.
1.9

1.9
5.5
3 .k
2.7
1.6
3.2
1.9
1-9
3.2
1.6
3.7

2.9
5.1
k .k
2.8
3.6
k.2
3.1
3.2
5.0
1.7
3.8

.8
2 A
2.0
.
6
.
5
.
9
.
8
.
8
.
8
.
8
1-5

2.2
69
.
3.8
2.9
2.0
3.3
2.1
2.5
2.0
2.3
69
.

3.8
2.5
3.6
k.O
3.1
5.5
3.5
k.k
3.7
3.1
69
.

1.5
1.6
1.5
13
.
1.0
1.2
1.3
15
.
1.0
1.1
1.9

U.I
13
.
2.6
3.2
1.9
1.2
.
7
l.k
2.9

3.2
l.k
33
.
35
.
1.9
1.2
1.1
2.7
*.9

.
9
.
6
1.7
2.1
.8
.k
.
2
.
6
1.9

5.7
13
.
3.1
3A
3.5
2.3
1.1
2.6
3.1

5.0
1.9
3.8
k.l
3A
3.1
1.8
63
.
k.2

l.k
1.0
1.7
2.5
15
.
13
.
1.1
1.1
2.0

Durable Goods
Ordnance and accessories
Lumber and wood products
Furniture and fixtures
Stone, clay, and glass products
Primary metal industries
Fabricated metal products
Machinery (except electrical)
Electrical machinery
Transportation equipment
Instruments and related products
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
Nondurable Goods
Food and kindred products
Tobacco manufactures
Textile-mill products
Apparel and other finished textile products..
Paper and allied products
Chemicals and allied products
Products of petroleum and coal
Rubber products
«
Leather and leather products

^hese figures are based on a slightly smaller sample than those in tables D-l and D-2, inasmuch as some
firms do not report separate data for women. Data for the printing, publishing, and allied industries group
are excluded.




47

TahJt M : Later tirnvir ritis i i •mfactiriif fir selected Statis ail areas

(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
New hires

State and area

Separation rates

Layoffs

&

I

4.0
9.3

3.9
9.8

2.3
5.8

2.0
3.7

4.0
l.k

3.5
6.k

1.1
1.6

2.0

2.k
k.9

5.1
5.7

5.7
5.7

k.k
5.0

k.k
5.0

5.2
6.1

k.k
k.9

2.3
2.7

2.1
2.k

2.2
2.6

1.7
1.7

ARKANSAS
Little Rock-North Little Rock

5.3
4.7

6.3
4.5

3.7
3.1

3.9
3.6

4.9

k.O
k.9

2.5
2.k

2.2
2.5

1.9
3.6

1.3
1.7

CALIFORNIA:
Los Angeles-Long Beach 1 ....
San Diego 1
•
San Francisco-Oakland 1 .....
1
San Jose
.••
,

4.0
2.7
4.6
3.4

4.0
2.2

3.0
1.9
2.8
2.8

2.9
1.6
2.7
3.1

k.l
l.k
4.8
3.0

5.5
k.k
k.6
2.6

1.8
1.1
1.3
1.5

2.0
l.k
1.5
1.5

2.1
1.8
2.6
.9

2.6
2.5
2.4

CONNECTICUT
.
Bridgeport
• ••••<
Hartford
.••......
New Britain
•••••••
New Haven*••••
Waterbury. ••••••••••
•.

2.6
2.0
2.2
1.8
2.7
2.3

2.2
1.7
2.3
1.5
1.8
1.7

1.5
1.2

1.1
1.5
1.0
1.3

3.1
2.8
2.6
3.7
2.7
2.7

1.1
.8
.9
.8
1.2
1.0

1.2
.9

l.k
1.6
1.3
1.5

.8

3.0
2.8
2.6
2.7
2.7
2.7

1.4
1.5
l.l
2.2
.9
1.4

DELAWARE
Wilmington

2.5
2.2

2.6
2.2

1.5
1.2

1.7
1.3

2.3
1.9

3.3
2.9

1.1
.8

1.0
.8

.6

1.6
1.6

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA:
Washington.••••••••••••••••••.

4.0

45
.

k.2

37
.

k.k

2.3

2.9

FLORIDA
Jacksonville. •
Miami.
Tampa-St. Petersburg.

5.6
8.2
5.8
4.4

6.k
8.0

k.O
4.5
5.2
2.5

k.l
3.2
4.3
3.3

6.6

U
6.0

6.1
7.1
6.0
7.2

2.5
2.3
2.7
2.0

2.7
2.3
2.6
2.5

3.
6.1
3.4
3*5

3.3
4.3
2.7
3.9

GEORGIA

3.7
3.2

3.6
3.1

2.k
2.3

2.5
2.1

3.8
3.7

3.8
3.9

1.7
1.5

1.7
1.5

1.5
1.6

1.5
1.8

10.8

7.6

6.4

5.0

k.l

7.1

2.1

2.6

1.3

3.9

(4)
2.5

3.0
2.0

1.2

1.5
1.1

3.7

3.9
3.2

(4)
1.0

1.1
1.0

(4)
2.2

2.3
1.8

Indianapolis ^ ••*..•........4
IOWA
Des Moines

4.5
4.2

k.l
k.l

1.9
3.3

2.0

3.8
3.9

k.k
5.4

l.k
2.3

1.4
2.3

2.0
1.2

2.5
2.6

KANSAS6
Topeka...
Wichita 6

3.7
3.2
2.0

3.0
2.6
2.0

2.1
2.1
1.3

1.7
1.3
1.1

3.3

3.7
2.7
3.3

1.2
l.k
1.0

1.2
1.0
1.2

2.0
1.8
1.8

2.1
1.4
1.7

3.2

3.3

1.5

1.7

4.9

3.2

1.0

1.0

3.4

1.8

4.2

k.2

1.9

2.1

2.2

2.7

.8

1.0

1.0

1.1

6.5
4.3

3.6
2.6

3.6
2.0

1.8
1.9

3.6
2.1

4.3
1.8

1.9
1.3

1.7
1.1

1.2

2.1

.5

.5

3.4
3.2

3.4
3.1

2.0
1.8

1.8
1.7

3.1
3.1

3.5
3.4

1.0
.9

1.1
1.0

1.7
1.7

1.9
1.9

1

ALABAMA.
Mobile

1

ARIZONA
Phoenix

Atlanta

IDAHO

••

,

3.6

1.5
1.1
1.8
.9

e.k

1.1

1.1

.9
1.1

.9

2.0
3.9

.5

1.0

2

3

INDIANA

1

KENTUCKY. •

•

LOUISIANA

MAINE
Portland

••••••••••

MARYLAND
Baltimore

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




00

3A

00

State and Area Labor Turnover.
Table D-4: Labor turnover rates i i •annfactiriig fir selected States and areas-Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Tot al

19&

New hires

M.

5o
^

Apr.
I960

3.1
3.2
3*3

2.0
2.0
2.1

3*5

2.8
2.8

2.2
2.0
1.9
1.9
2.1
2.1

1+.6
k.5

1+.1

k.3

1+.6

3.5

Fall River
New Bedford

l.k

k.l
3.0

MASSACHUSETTS

3.5
3-3
3*1

•

Total
May
Apr.
i960
I960

3.7
3.3
5.1

1+.2
1+.2

^.9

Separation rates
Quits

Layoffs

May
I960

Apr.

I960

May
I960

Apr.
I960

11
.+
1.5
1.7
11
.+
1.1
1.2

1.5
1.5
1.6
1.7

1.6
1.1
2.9

2.0
1.8
2.8

1.9

3.k

1.1
1.1+

2.2
1.1

2.1+
1.0

5

NEVADA

•

NEW HAMPSHIRE

NEW MEXICO t

•••••

NEW YORK.

...••••

Buffalo

•

2.2

k.6

1+.2

k.3

k.k

1.7
1.8

I.9

2.3

1.6
1.6

2.5

2.9

2.2

2.0

3.8
3.8

3.5
3.2

2.8

k.l
5.1

k.k
k.3

1.9
1.5

1.9
1.7

2.3
3.2

1.9

3*7

2.8

3.8

1+.1+

1.7

1.6

1.6

2.3

7*5

1+.5

If.7

k.6

5.6

1.7

1.9

1.0

1.1+

5.9

3.k

5.3

5.3

5.k

3.3

2.8

1.3

.
9

3*5

3*7

2.5

k.l

k.5

2.5

2.2

1.5

15
.

5.0

6.8

3*7

5.9

k.l

69
.

2.2

3.6

3.5

MONTANA

2.9

1+.8

MISSOURI

2.1

l+.O
2.8

1+.2

MISSISSIPPI

5.6

3.7
2.8

63
.

•

3.8

17
.

3.9

MINNESOTA

2.3

3.9

3.1

3.7

2.6

3.5

16
.

1.7

1.1
.6

2.0
1.0

1+.0
2.9
2.2
2.6
1+.5
2.9
5*1
2.1

3.k
2.1
1.6
2.2

2.3

2.0

k.3

1+.8
2.5
2.6
2.9
l+.O

11
.
.7

.
6
12
.
.7

2.5
.6
.5
2.2

3.0

1.1

1.0

2.3

2.2

1.1
1.2

1.1+
1.3

1.3
3.7

k.5

3.0

1.2
1.1
11
.+

.
6
.8
10
.

2.1+
2.6
3.2

1.7
1.8
2.9

k.3

3.8

1.8

2.5

2.0
2.9

1.8
2.1

1.1+

3.2

2.0

3.2

3.7

2.5

1.1
1.2
1.1
2.2

3.2
2.7
2.5

2.9
3.6
2.3

2.1+
2.3
2.1

7.1+
6.1

7.1+
6.7

1+.7

k.5
6.6
3.5

k.l
6.0
3.6

3.3
k.3
2.7

6.1
1+.1+

6.3
5.0

k.5
3.3

5.0
k.l

^.5
l+.l

3.9

7.6

New York City.

2.8
3.6

Utica-Rome•••••••••••••••••••••..

NORTH CAROLINA.

OKLAHOMA 8
Oklahom Citv

2.9
5.7
2.0

1.1

.6

1.2

1.7

.
9
.
5
12
.

l+.l

1.0
1.0

1.1
1.1

.8
15
.
13
.

3.7

k.3

1.3

1.5

1.9

2.2

2.2
3.0
2.0

3.1
3.3
3.0

3.2
3^
3.5

1.8
1.6
1.9

1.7

.8
1.0
.+
1

1.0

2.0
2.2

2.3
2.1

3.3
2.7

2.3

2.1+
2.2

1.1+
1.2

.
3
.
3

.3
.2

2.7

1+.1+
5.2
3.9

1+.0
1+.2
l+.O

2.0

1.6
2.1
1.5

18
.
17
.
16
.

1.9
1.5
1.7

5.2
^.7

5.7
^7

2.3
1.6

2.5

2.1

3.k

2.1+
2/5

3.0
2.8

2.8
2.5

5.0
1+.8

6.1
5.9

2.0
2.0

2.0
1.9

2.2
2.1

3.3
3.1

3*5

2.8

2.5

3.7

3-5

k.k

92
.

9.9

1.9
2.0

.9

k.6

2.0
2.1

1.0

91
.

5.^

62
.

17
.

3.8

1+.0

3.2
2.9

2.2

3.1

2.3

•9

2.8
2.0

1.1

1.6
2.5

.5
.7

2.8
OREGON x
Portland * ..••••••»•••••

RHODE ISLAND

SOUTH CAROLINA

9

•

•
•

See footnotes at end of table.
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.




1+.8

1.6

State and Area labor Turnover

Table D-4: Labor turnover rates in manufacturing for selected States and areas-Continued
(Per 100 employees)
Accession rates
State and area

T6£

Separation rates

Sioux Palls.

Chattanooga.
Khoxville...
Memphis
Nashville...

TEXAS

10

i960

I960

Apr.
i960

i960

Apr.
I960

7.6
5.7

7.2
6.2

4.4
1.5

3.0
1.1

5.6
5.2

4.7
4.9

2.4
1.5

1.9
1.7

3.4

SOUTH DAKOTA.

May
i960

Apr.

3.3
2.9
1.9
3.8
3-3

2.1
21
.

2.0
1.9
.8
2.8
2.2

3.2
2.5
2.2
3.4
3.3

3.4
2.9

12
.
11
.
.
6

13
.
12
.
•7

3A
18
.
3.0
4.6

2.6

2.9

.9
2.0
2.3

1.9

2.1

2.4

f'9

I960

I960

1.1

4.1
4.3

1960
2.5
3.0

1.6

1.6
1.2
.9
1.8
2.4

.8

1.2

2.7
3.5

1.5

14
.

3.1

W

1.3

1.0

15
.
1.4

3.3
2.6
1.8

3.6
3.6
2.6

18
.
1.7
10
.

1.5
1.7
•9

10
.

.8

1.4
.7
1.2

.4
.5

1.5

3.3
3-7

2.3
2.4

2.2
2.6

3.5
3.1

3.8
4.4

14
.
14
.

1.5
1.8

1.5
1.1

1.7
1.8

4.1

4.2

2.9

2.6

4.3

3.4

17
.

1.7

2.0

1.1

2.8
1.2
3.6

2.0
1.1
1.9

1.1

2.6

10
.

2.5
1.3
5.9

.
6
.2
.
7

.5

.7
.5

1.5
.6
4.1

4.6

VERMONT
Burlington..
Springfield.

1.6

2.7
2.2
1.8

2.1
1.3

VIRGINIA...
Richmond..

3.3
3.2

WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA.
Charleston...
Wheeling
1

Excludes canning and preserving.
Excludes agricultural chemicals, and miscellaneous manufacturing industries.
Excludes canning and preserving, and sugar.
* Not available.
5
Excludes canning and preserving, and newspapers.
6
Excludes instruments and related products.
7
Excludes furniture and fixtures.
8
Excludes new-hire rate for transportation equipment.
9
Excludes tobacco stemming and redrying.
10
Excludes canning and preserving, sugar, and tobacco
NOTE: Data for the current month are preliminary.
SOURCE: Cooperating State agencies listed on inside back cover.
2
3




5.4

'.6

Explanatory Notes
Additional information concerning the preparation of the
labor force,

employment,

hours and earnings, and labor

turnover series--concepts and scope, survey methods, and
limitations—is contained in technical notes for each of
these series, available from the Bureau of Labor Statistics free of charge.

Use order blank on page 9-E.

INTRODUCTION

hours during the survey week. In the figures based on establishment records, persons who worked in more than one establishment during the reporting period are counted each time
their names appear on payrolls.

The statistics in this periodical are compiled from
tvo major sources: (1) household interviews and (2) payroll
reports from employers.
Data based on household Interviews are obtained from
a sample survey of the population. The survey is conducted
each month by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor
Statistics and provides a comprehensive measure of the labor
force, i.e., the total number of persons Ik years of age and
over who are employed or unemployed. It also provides data on
their personal and economic characteristics such as age, sex,
color, marital status, occupations, hours of work, and duration
of unemployment. The information is collected by trained interviewers from a sample of about 35,000 households in 330 areas
throughout the country and is based on the activity or status
reported for the calendar veek ending nearest the 15th of the
month.

Hours of Work
The household survey measures hours actually worked
whereas the payroll survey measures hours paid for by employers.
In the household survey data, all persons with a job but not at
work are excluded from the hours distributions and the computations of average hours. In the payroll survey, employees on
paid vacation, paid holiday, or paid sick leave are included
and assigned the number of hours for which they were paid
during the reporting period.

Data based on establishment payroll records are compiled each month from mail questionnaires by the Bureau of
Labor Statistics, in cooperation with State agencies. The payroll survey provides detailed industry information on nonagricultural wage and salary employment, average veekly hours,
average hourly and veekly earnings, and labor turnover for the
Nation, States, and metropolitan areas.
The figures are based on payroll reports from a
sample of 180,000 establishments employing about 25 million
nonfarm wage and salary workers. The data relate to all
workers, full- or part-time, who received pay during the payroll period ending nearest the 15th of the month.

Comparability of the household interview data with other series
Unemployment Insurance data. The unemployed total
from the household survey includes all persons who did not work
at all during the survey week and twere looking for work or were
waiting to be called back to a job from which they had been
laid off, regardless of whether or not they were eligible for
unemployment insurance. Figures on unemployment insurance
claims, prepared by the Bureau of Employment Security of the
Department of Labor, exclude persons who have exhausted their
benefit rights, new workers who have not earned rights to unemployment insurance, and persons losing Jobs not covered by unemployment insurance systems (agriculture, State and local
government, domestic service, self-employed, unpaid family work,
nonprofit organizations, and firms below a minimum size).

Relation between the household and payroll series
The household and payroll data supplement one another,
each providing significant types of information that the other
cannot suitably supply. Population characteristics, for
example, are readily obtained only from the household survey
whereas detailed industrial classifications can be reliably derived only from establishment reports.
Data from these two sources differ from each other
because of differences in definition and coverage, sources of
information, methods of collection, and estimating procedures.
Sampling variability and response errors are additional reasons
for discrepancies. The factors which have a differential effect
on levels and trends of the two series are described below:

In addition, the qualifications for drawing unemployment compensation differ from the definition of unemployment
used in the household survey. For example, persons with a job
but not at work and persons working only a few hours during the
week are sometimes eligible for unemployment compensation, but
are classified as employed rather than unemployed in the household survey.

Employment
Coverage. The household survey definition
of employment comprises wage and salary workers (including domestics and other private household workers), self-employed
persons, and unpaid workers who worked 15 hours or more during
the survey week in family-operated enterprises. Employment in
both farm and nonfarm industries is included. The payroll survey covers only wage and salary employees on the payrolls of
nonfarm establishments.

Agricultural employment estimates of the Department of
Agriculture. The principal differences in coverage are the inclusion of persons under Ik in the Agricultural Marketing
Service (AMS) series and the treatment of dual jobholders who
are counted more than once if they worked on more than one farm
during the reporting period. There are also wide differences in
sampling techniques and collecting and estimating methods, which
cannot be readily measured in terms of impact on differences in
level and trend of the two series.

Multiple jobholding. The household approach
provides information on the work status of the population without duplication since each person is classified as employed, unemployed, or not in the labor force. Employed persons holding
more than one job are counted only once, and are classified according to the job at which they worked the greatest number of




Unpaid absences from Jobs* The household
survey includes among the employed all persons who had jobs but
were not at work during the I survey week—that is, were not
working or looking for work but had jobs from which they were
temporarily absent because of illness, bad weather, vacation,
labor-management dispute, or because they were taking time off
for various other reasons, whether or not they were paid by
their employers for the time off. In the figures based on payroll reports, persons on paid sick leave, paid vacation, or
paid holiday are Included, but not those on leave without pay
for the entire payroll period.

Comparability of the payroll employment data with other series
Statistics on manufactures and business, Bureau of
the Census. BLS establishment statistics on employment differ
from employment counts derived by the Bureau of the Census from

1-E

Each employed person is counted only once. Those who
held more than one job are counted in the job at which they
worked the greatest number of hours during the survey week.

its censuses or annual sanple surveys of manufacturing establishments and the censuses of business establishments. The Major reason for lack of comparability is different treatment of
business units considered parts of an establishment, such as
central administrative offices and auxiliary units, and in the
industrial classification of establishments due to different
reporting patterns by multi-unit companies. There are also differences in the scope of the industries covered, e.g., the
Census of Business excludes professional services, transportation companies, and financial establishments, while these are
included in BLS statistics.

Included in the total are employed citizens of foreign countries, temporarily in the United States, who are not
living on the premises of an Embassy (e.g., Mexican migratory
farm workers).
Excluded are persons whose only activity consisted of
work around the house (such as own home housework, and painting
or repairing own home) or volunteer work for religious, charitable, and similar organizations.

County Business Patterns. Data in County Business
Patterns, published jointly by the U.S. Departments of Commerce
and Health, Education, and Welfare, differ from BLS establishment statistics in the units considered integral parts of an
establishment and in industrial classification. In addition,
CBP data exclude employment in nonprofit institutions, interstate railroads, and government.

Unemployed Persons comprise all persons who did not
work at all during the survey week and were looking for work,
regardless of whether or not they were eligible for unemployment insurance. Also included as unemployed are those who did
not work at all and (a) were waiting to be called back to a job
from which they had been laid off; or (b) were waiting to report to a new wage or salary job within 30 days (and were not
in school during the survey week); or (c) would have been looking for work except that they were temporarily ill or believed
no work was available in their line of work or in the community.
Persons in this latter category yill usually be residents of a
community in which there are only a few dominant industries
which were shut down during the survey week. Not included in
this category are persons who say they were not looking for work
because they were too old, too young, or handicapped in any way.

Employment covered by Unemployment Insurance programs.
Not all nonfarm vage and salary workers are covered by the Unemployment Insurance programs. All vorkers in certain activities,
such as nonprofit organizations and interstate railroads, are
excluded. In addition, small firms in covered industries are
also excluded in 3^ States. In general, these are establishments with less than four employees.

LABOR FORCE DATA

The Unemployment Rate represents the number unemployed
as a percent of the civilian labor force, i.e., the sum of the
employed and unemployed. This measure can also be computed for
groups within the labor force classified by sex, age, marital
status, color, etc. When applied to industry and occupation
groups, the labor-force base for the unemployment rate also represents the sum of the employed and the unemployed, the latter
classified according to industry and occupation of their latest
full-time civilian Job.

COLLECTION AND COVERAGE
Statistics on the employment status of the population,
the personal, occupational, and other economic characteristics
of employed and unemployed persons, and related labor force data
are compiled for the BLS by the Bureau of the Census in its
Current Population Survey (CPS). (A detailed description of
this survey appears in Concepts and Methods Used in the Current
Employment and Unemployment Statistics Prepared by the Bureau of
the Census, U. S. Bureau of the Census, Current Population
Reports, Series P-23, No. 5. This report is available from BLS
on request.)

Duration of Unemployment represents the length of time
(through the current survey week) during which persons classified as unemployed had been continuously looking for work or
would have been looking for work except for temporary illness,
or belief that no work was available in their line of work or in
the community. For persons on layoff, duration of unemployment
represents the number of full weeks since the termination of
their most recent employment. Average duration is an arithmetic
mean computed from a distribution by single weeks of unemployment.

These monthly surveys of the population are conducted
with a scientifically selected sample designed to represent the
civilian noninstitutional population Ik years and over. Respondents are interviewed to obtain information about the employment status of each member of the household Ik years of age
and over. The inquiry relates to activity or status during the
calendar week, Sunday through Saturday, ending nearest the 15th
of the month. This is known as the survey week. Actual field
interviewing is conducted in the following week.

The Civilian Labor Force comprises the total of all
civilians classified as employed or unemployed in accordance
with the criteria described above. The "total labor force" also
includes members of the Armed Forces stationed either in the
United States or abroad.

Inmates of institutions and persons under Ik years of
age are not covered in the regular monthly enumerations and are
excluded from the population and labor force statistics shown in
this report. Data on members of the Armed Forces, who are included as part of the categories "total noninstitutional population" and "total labor force," are obtained from the Department of Defense.

Not in Labor Force includes all civilians Ik years and
over who are not classified as employed or unemployed. These
persons are further classified as "engaged in own home housework," "in school," "unable to work" because of long-term physical or mental illness, and "other." The "other" group includes
for the most part retired persons, those reported as too old to
work, the voluntarily idle, and seasonal workers for whom the
survey week fell in an "off" season and who were not reported as
unemployed. Persons doing only incidental unpaid family work
(less than 15 hours) are also classified as not in the labor
force.

The sample for CPS is spread over 333 areas comprising 6kl counties and independent cities, with coverage in 50
States and the District of Columbia. At present, completed interviews are obtained each month from about 35*000 households.
There are about 1,500 additional sample households from which
information should be collected but is not because the occupants are not found at home after repeated calls, are temporarily absent, or are unavailable for other reasons. This represents a noninterview rate for the survey of about k percent.
Part of the sample is changed each month. The rotation plan
provides for approximately three-fourths of the sample to be
common from one month to the next, and one-half to be common
with the same month a year ago.

CONCEPTS

Occupation, Industry, and Class of Worker apply to the
job held in the survey week. Persons with two or more jobs are
classified in the job at which they worked the greatest number
of hours during the survey week. The occupation and Industry
groups used in data derived from the CPS household interviews
are defined as in the 1950 Census of Population. Information on
the detailed categories included in these groups is available
upon request.

Employed Persons comprise (a) all those who during
the survey week did any work at all either as paid employees, or
in their own business or profession, or on their own farm, or
who worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers on a farm or in a
business operated by a member of the family, and (b) all those
who were not working or looking for work but who had Jobs or
businesses from which they were temporarily absent because of
illness, bad weather, vacation, or labor-management dispute, or
because they were taking time off for various other reasons,
whether or not they were paid by their employers for the time off.

The industrial classification system used in the Census
of Population and the Current Population Survey differs somewhat
from that used by the BLS in its reports on employment, by industry. Employment levels by industry from the household survey,
although useful for many analytical purposes, are not published
in order to avoid public misunderstanding since they differ from
the payroll series because of differences in classification,
sampling variability, and other reasons. The industry figures
from the household! survey are used as a base for published
distributions on hours of work, unemployment rates, and other




2-E

characteristics of industry groups such as age, sex, and
occupation.

mortality, and migration between the United States and other
countries.

The class-of-worker breakdown specifies "wage and
salary workers," subdivided into private and government workers,
"self-employed workers," and "unpaid family workers." Wage and
salary workers receive wages, salary, comlssion, tips, or pay
in kind frost a private employer or from a governmental unit.
Self-employed persons are those who work for profit or fees in
their own business, profession, or trade, or operate a farm.
Unpaid family workers are persons working without pay for 15
hours a week or More on a farm or in a business operated by a
member of the household to whom they are related by blood or
marriage.

3. Composite estimate procedure. In deriving statistics for a given month, a composite estimating procedure is
used which takes account of net changes from the previous month
for continuing parts of the sample (75 percent) as well as the
sample results for the current month. This procedure reduces
the sampling variability especially of month-to-month changes
but also of the levels for most items.

Hours of Work statistics relate to the actual number
of hours worked during the survey week. For example, a person
who normally works kQ hours a week but who was off on the
Teterans Day holiday would be reported as working 32 hours even
though he was paid for the holiday.
For persons working in more than one job, the figures
relate to the number of hours worked in all jobs during the
week. However, all the hours are credited to the major Job.
Persons who worked 35 hours or more in the survey
week are designated as working "full time"; persons who worked
between 1 and 34 hours are designated as working "part time."
Part-time workers are classified by their usual status at their
present job (either full time or part time) and by their reason
for working part time during the survey week (economic or other
reasons). "Economic reasons" include: Slack work, material
shortages, repairs to plant or equipment, start or termination
of job during the week, and inability to find full-time work.
"Other reasons" include: Labor dispute, bad weather, own illness, vacation, demands of home housework, school, no desire for
full-time work and full-time worker only during peak season.

Seasonal Adjustment
The seasonal adjustment method used for unemployment
and other labor force series is a new adaptation of the standard
ratio-to-moving average method, with a provision for "moving"
adjustment factors to take account of changing seasonal patterns. A detailed description and illustration of the method
will be published later this year.
Seasonal adjustment factors for major components of
the labor force to be applied to data for 1958 and later
periods are shown in table A. Factors for broad age-sex groups
and for duration of unemployment categories will be included in
the publication cited in the preceding paragraph. In computing
these factors, the pre-1957 data were adjusted to reflect the
new definitions of employment and unemployment adopted in
January 1957. Seasonally adjusted aggregates for these series
for 19^7 to date are available on request.

Table A. Seasonal adjustment factors for the labor force and
major components, to be used for the period 1958-60

Month

ESTIMATING METHODS
The estimating procedure is essentially one of using
sample results to obtain percentages of the population in a
given category. The published estimates are then obtained by
multiplying these percentage distributions by Independent estimates of the population. The principle steps involved are shown
below. Under the estimation methods used in the CPS, all of the
results for a given month become available simultaneously and
are based on returns from the entire panel of respondents.
There are no subsequent adjustments to independent benchmark
data on labor force, employment, or unemployment. Therefore, revisions of the historical data are not an Inherent feature of
this statistical program.
1. Wonlnterview adjustment. The weights for all interviewed households are adjusted to the extent needed to
account for occupied sample households for which no information
was obtained because of absence, impassable roads, refusals, or
unavailability for other reasons. This adjustment is made separately by groups of sample areas and, within these, for six
groups—color (white and nonwhite) within the three residence
categories (urban, rural nonfarm, and rural farm). The proportion of sample households not interviewed varies from 3 to 5
percent depending on weather, vacations, etc.

97-7
98.O
98.4
99.0
100.1
102.4
102.7
101.8
100.4
100.6
100.0

99.1

Employment

Total

NonagriAgricultural
culindusture
tries

96.9
97.0
97-7
98.6
100.1
101.8
102.4
102.3
101.2
101.8
100.5
99.4

8I.3
81.8
86.2
93.6
106.0
118.2
117.9
111.1
109.9
112.0
97-4
85.O

98.6
98.7
99.0
99.2
99.5
100.0
100.7
101.3
100.2
100.7
100.9
101.0

Unemployment
Rate
Total

Both
FeMales
sexes
males

116 .7 121.6 108.2
118 6 125 • 9105 .2
112 9 120 .0 99.
3
104 1 107 7 97• 7
99. 99 2 97 7 102 .4
4
113 .2 110 4 106 2 118 .6
105.0 102.3 97 4 111 .0
91 .2 89 5 84 6 98.6
83.9 83 5 77.8 94 0
78.8' 78 2 74 8 84 3
90 .0 89 9 86.2 96 6
5 94 4 99 6 84 2
93.
114 .2
116 .
3
111.1
103 .1

In evaluating deviations from the seasonal pattern-that is, changes in a seasonally adjusted series--it is important to note that seasonal adjustment is merely an approximation based on past experience. Seasonally adjusted estimates
have a broader margin of possible error than the original data
on which they are based, since they are subject not only to
sampling and other errors but, in addition, are affected by the
uncertainties of the seasonal adjustment process itself.

2. Ratio estimates. The distribution of the population selected for the sample may differ somewhat, by chance,
from that of the Nation as a whole, in such characteristics as
age, color, sex, and residence. Since these population characteristics are closely correlated with labor force participation
and other principal measurements made from the sample, the
latter estimates can be substantially improved when weighted
appropriately by the known distribution of these population
characteristics. This is accomplished through two stages of
ratio estimates as follows:

Reliability of the Estimates
Since the estimates are based on a sample, they may
differ from the figures that would have been obtained if it
were possible to take a complete census using the same schedules and procedures.
The standard error is a measure of sampling variability, that is, the variations that might occur by chance because
only a sample of the population is surveyed. The chances are
about two out of three that an estimate from the sample would
differ from a complete census by less than the standard error.
The chances are about 19 out of 20 that the difference would be
less than twice the standard error.

a. First-stage ratio estimate. This is the procedure in which the sample proportions are weighted by the
known 1950 Census data on the color-residence distribution of
the population. This step takes into account the differences
existing at the time of the 1950 Census between the colorresidence distribution for the Ration and for the sample areas.

Table B shows the average standard error for the major
employment status categories, by sex, computed from data for 12
recent months. Estimates of change derived from the survey are
also subject to sampling variability. The standard error of
change for consecutive months is also shown in table B. The
standard errors of level shown in table B are acceptable approximations of the standard errors of year-to-year change.

b. Second-stage ratio estimate. In this step,
the sample proportions are weighted by independent current estimates of the population by age, sex, and color. These estimates
are prepared by carrying forward the most recent census data
(1950) to take account of subsequent aging of the population,




Jan...
Feb...
Mar...
Apr...
May...
June..
July..
Aug...
Sept..
Oct...
Nov...
Dec...

Civilian
labor
force

3-E

as the standard error of the monthly- level in table D, i t may
be seen that the standard error of the 500,000 increase Is
about 135,000.

Table B. Average standard error of major employment
status categories
(In thousands)

Table D.

Average standard error o f —
Employment status
and sex

Monthly level

Standard error of estimates of
month-to-month change

Month-tomonth change
(consecutive
months only)

BOTH SEXES

(In thousands)
Standard error of month-tomonth change
Standard error of monthly level

Labor force and total employment.
Agriculture
Honagricultural employment
Unemployment

180
120
180
100

250
200
300
100

10,000..
25,000..
50,000..
100,000.
150,000.
200,000.
250,000.
300,000.

MALE
Labor force and total employment.
Agriculture
Nonagricultural employment

90
90
120
90

120
180
200

75

All estimates
except those
relating to
agricultural

Estimates
relating to
agricultural
employment

employment

Ik
35
70
100
110

12
26
kQ
90
130
160
190
220

FEMALE
180
75
180
65

Labor force and total employment.
Agriculture
I onagri cultural employment
f
Unemployment

150
55
120

65

The figures presented in table C are to be used for
other characteristics and are approximations of the standard
errors of all such characteristics. They should be interpreted
as providing an indication of the order of magnitude of the
standard errors rather than as the precise standard error for
any specific item.

The reliability of an estimated percentage, computed
by using sample data for both numerator and denominator depends
upon both the size of the percentage and the size of the total
upon vhich the percentage is based. Where the numerator is a
subclass of the denominator, estimated percentages are relatively more reliable than the corresponding absolute estimates
of the numerator of the percentage, particularly if the percentage is large (50 percent or greater). Table E shows the
standard errors for percentages derived from the survey.
Linear interpolation may be used for percentages and base figures not shovn in table E .
Table E.

Standard error of percentages

Table C. Standard error of level of monthly estimates
(In thousands)
Both sexes

Size of estimate Total
or
vhite
10,000
50,000,
100,000
250,000
500,000
1,000,000
2,500,000
5,000,000
10,000,000
20,000,000
30,000,000
1*0,000,000

5
11
15
2k
Ik
h&
75
100
1*0
180
210
220

Honvhite
5

10
lU
21
30

ko
50
50

Total
or
vhite

Nonvhite

Total
or
vhite

150

Nonvhite

7
Ik
20
31

5

5

5

10
1*
1
21

10

10

*3
60

30
40

Ik
22
31
k5

Ik
21
30
VO

90
110
1*0
150

50

70
100
130
170

Illustration: Assume that the tables shoved the total
number of persons working a specific number of hours, as
15,000,000, an Increase of 500,000 over the previous month.
Linear interpolation in the first column of table C shows that
the standard error of 15,000,000 is about 160,000. Consequently,
the chances are about 68 out of 100 that the figure vhich would
have been obtained from a complete count of the number of persons working the given number of hours vould have differed by
less than 160,000 from the sample estimate. Using the 160,000

250

1.0

0.8

l.k

1 or 99
2 or 98
5 or 95
10 or 90
15 or 85
20 or 80
25 or 75....
35 or 65....
50

50

The standard error of the change in an item from one
month to the next month is more closely related to the standard
error of the monthly level for that item than to the size of the
specific month-to-month change itself. Thus, in order to use
the approximations to the standard errors of month-to-month
changes as presented in table D, i t is first necessary to obtain
the standard error of the monthly level of the item in table C,
and then find the standard error of the month-to-month change in
table D corresponding to this standard error of level. It
should be noted that table D applies to estimates of change betveen 2 consecutive months. For changes between the current
month and the same month last year, the standard errors of level
shovn in table C are acceptable approximations.




Base of percentage (thousands)

Estimated
Female

Male

1.1

2.2

3.0
3.5
k.O
k.2
k.7
k.9

1.7
2.3
2.8
3.1
3*7
3-9

?,000

10,000

0.2
.2

0.1

1 or 99
2 or 98
5 or 95
10 or 90
15 or 85
20 or 80
25 or 75....
35 or 65....
50

.k
•5

.
6
.
7

.8
.8
•9

.2
•
3
.k
.k
.
5
.
5
.6
.6

500

1,000

2,000

3,000

0.6
.8

OU
.5
.9
1.2
l.k
1.6
1.7
1.9
1.9

0.3
.k
.6
.8

0,2
•3

1.2

1.7
2.0
2.2
2, k

2.6
2.8
25,000
0.1
.1
.2
.2

.
3
.
3
.
3
.k
.k

50,000

1.0
l.l
1.2
.1.3

l.k

.5
.7
.8
•9
1.0
1.1
1.1

75,000

0.1
.1
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2

.
3
•3

0.1
.1
.1
.1
.2
.2
.2
.2
.2

ESTABLISHMENT DATA
COLLECTION
Payroll reports provide current information on vage
and salary employment, hours, earnings, and labor turnover in
nonfarm establishments, by geographic location.
Federal-State Cooperation
Under cooperative arrangements vith State agencies,
the respondent fills out only 1 employment or labor turnover
schedule, vhich is then used for national, State, and area
estimates. This eliminates duplicate reporting on the part of
respondents and, together vith the use of identical techniques
at the national and State levels, ensures maximum geographic
comparability of estimates.

fc-I

Labor Turnover

State agencies mail the forms to the establishments
and examine the returns for consistency, accuracy, and completeness. The States use the information to prepare State and
area series and then send the data to the BLS for use in preparing the national series. The BLS and the Bureau of Employment Security jointly finance the current employment statistics
program in ^3 States, the turnover program in kl States.

Labor turnover reports are received from approximately
10,500 establishments in the manufacturing, mining, and communication industries (see table below). The following manufacturing industries are excluded from the labor turnover sample:
Printing, publishing, and allied industries (since April 19^3);
canning and preserving fruits, vegetables, and sea foods;
women's and misses' outerwear; and fertilizer.

Shuttle Schedules

Approximate size and coverage of BLS labor turnover
sample used in computing national rates

The Form BLS 790 is used to collect employment, payroll, and man-hours data, Form 1219 labor turnover data. Both
schedules are of the "shuttle" type, vith space for each month
of the calendar year.

Industry

The BLS 790 provides for entry of data on the number
of full- and part-time workers on the payrolls of nonagricultural establishments for the pay period ending nearest the 15th
of each month. The labor turnover schedule provides;for the
collection of information on the total number of accessions and
separations, by type, during the calendar month.

Manufacturing
Durable goods
nondurable goods
Metal mining
Coal mining:
Anthracite
Bituminous
Communication:
Telephone
Telegraph

INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION
Establishments are classified into industries on the
basis of their principal product or activity determined from information on annual sales volume. This information is collected
each year on a product supplement to the monthly 790 or 1219 report. In the case of an establishment making more than one
product or engaging in more than one activity, the entire employment of the establishment is included under the industry
indicated by the most important product or activity.

number of
establishments in
sample
10,200

Employees
Humber in
sample
5,99^,000

6,koo M99,ooo
3,800 1,795,000

Percent
of total

39

120

57,000

32
53

20
200

6,000
71,000

19
32

661,000
28,000

88
65

1/ Does not apply.

CONCEPTS
Industry Employment

Prior to publication of State and area data for
January 1959, all national, State, and area employment, hours,
earnings, and labor turnover series vere classified In accordance vith the following documents: (1) For manufacturing,
Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Volume I, Bureau of
the Budget, 19^5, and (2) for nonmanufacturing, Industrial
Classification Code, Social Security Board, 19^2. Beginning
with January 1959 (with an overlap for 1958), State and area
series are classified under the revised Standard Industrial
Classification Manual published in 1957- The national industry
statistics will be converted to the 1957 SIC early in 1961.

Employment data for all except Federal Government
refer to persons on establishment payrolls who received pay for
any part of the pay period ending nearest the 15th of the month.
For Federal Government establishments, current data generally
refer to persons who received pay for the last day of the month.
The data exclude proprietors, the self-employed, unpaid family workers, farm workers, and domestic workers in
households. Salaried officers of corporations are included.
Government employment covers only civilian employees; Federal
military personnel are shown separately, but their number Is
excluded from total nonagricultural employment.

COVERAGE

Persons on an establishment payroll who are on paid
sick leave (when pay is received directly from the firm), paid
holiday, or paid vacation, or who work during a part of the pay
period and are unemployed or on strike during the rest of the
period, are counted as employed. Persons are not counted as
employed who are laid off, on leave without pay, or on strike
for the entire period, or who are hired but do not report to
work during the period.

Employment, Hours, and Earnings
Monthly reports on employment and, for most industries, payroll and man-hours are obtained from approximately
180,000 establishments. The table below shows the approximate
proportion of total employment in e*ch Industry division
covered by the group of establishments furnishing monthly employment data. The coverage for individual industries within
the division may vary from the proportions shown.

Benchmark Adjustments
Approximate size and coverage of BLS employment
and payrolls sample l/

Industry division

Mining
Contract construction
Manufacturing
Transportation and public
utilities: Interstate
railroads (ICC)
Other transportation and
public utilities
Wholesale and retail trade..
Finance, insurance, and
real estate
Service and miscellaneous...
Government:
Federal (Civil Service
Commission) 2/
State and local

Number of
establishments in
sample

number in
sample

Percent
of total

3,500
22,000
^3,900

393,000
860,000
11,779,000

Employment estimates are periodically compared with
complete counts of employment in the various industries defined
as nonagricultural, and appropriate adjustments made as indicated by the total counts or benchmarks. The comparison made
for the first 3 months of 1957, the last benchmark adjustment,
resulted in changes amounting to 0.5 percent of all nonagricultural employment, identical with the extent of the adjustment
to the first quarter 1956 benchmark. The changes were less
than 0.5 percent for three of the eight major industry divisions; under 2 percent for two other divisions; and 3.2, 3.3,
and 6.4 percent for the remaining three divisions. The manufacturing total was changed by only 0.1 percent for the second
successive year. Within manufacturing, the benchmark and estimate differed by 1.0 percent or less in 39 of the 132 individual industries, kl industries were adjusted by 1.1 to 2.5 percent, and an additional 27 industries differed by 2.6-5-0
percent. One significant cause of differences between the
benchmark and estimate is the change in Industrial classification of individual firms, which is usually not reflected in BLS
estimates until they are adjusted to new benchmarks. Other
causes are sampling and response errors.

*7
26
69

Employees

1,152,000

97

15,700
65,100

1,693,000
2,2^,000

57
20

12,900
11, MX>

757,000
8*8,000

33
13

2,196,000
3,148,000

100

5,800

The basic sources of benchmark information are the
quarterly tabulations of employment data, by industry, compiled
by State agencies from reports of establishments covered under
State unemployment insurance laws. These tabulations are prepared under Bureau of Employment Security direction. Supplementary tabulations prepared by the U.S. Bureau of Old Age and
Survivors Insurance are used for the group of establishments
exempt from State unemployment insurance laws because of their

63

1/ Since some firms do not report payroll and man-hour informatlon, hours and earnings estimates may be based on a slightly
smaller sample than employment estimates.
2/ State and area estimates of Federal employment are based on
2,300 reports covering 1,^30,000 employees, collected through
the BLS-State cooperative program.




5E
-

low-paid work and changes in workers1 earnings in individual
establishments also affect the general earnings averages.
Averages for groups and divisions further reflect changes in
average hourly earnings for individual industries.

small size. Benchmarks for industries wholly or partly excluded from the unemployment insurance lavs are derived from a
variety of other sources.
The BLS estimates relating to the benchmark quarter
(the first quarter of the year) are compared vith the new
benchmark levels, industry by industry. Where revisions are
necessary, the monthly estimates are adjusted between the new
benchmark and the preceding one. The new benchmark for each industry is then projected to the current month by use of the
sample trends. Under this procedure, the benchmark is used to
establish the level of employment while the sample is used to
measure the month-to-month changes in the level.

Averages of hourly earnings differ from wage rates.
Earnings are the actual return to the worker for a stated
period or time, while rates are the amounts stipulated for a
given unit of work or time. The earnings series, however, does
not measure the level of total labor costs on the part of the
employer since the following are excluded: Irregular bonuses,
retroactive items, payments of various welfare benefits, payroll taxes paid by employers, and earnings for those employees
not covered under the production-worker or nonsupervisoryemployee definitions.

Seasonal Adjustment

Gross average weekly earnings are derived by multiplying average weekly hours by average hourly earnings. Therefore, weekly earnings are affected not only by changes in gross
average hourly earnings, but also by changes in the length of
the workweek, part-time work, stoppages for varying causes,
labor turnover,_and absenteeism.

Employment series for many industries reflect a regularly recurring seasonal movement which can be measured on the
basis of past experience. By eliminating that part of the
change in employment which can be ascribed to usual seasonal
variation, it is possible to clarify the cyclical and other nonseasonal movements in the series. Seasonally adjusted employment aggregates are published. These estimates are derived by
the use of factors based on free-hand adjustments of 12-month
moving averages. Seasonal factors are available on request.

Average Weekly Hours
The workweek information relates to the average hours
for which pay was received, and is different from standard or
scheduled hours. Such factors as absenteeism, labor turnover,
part-time work, and stoppages cause average weekly hours to be
lower than scheduled hours of work for an establishment. Group
averages further reflect changes in the workweek of component
industries.

I Industry Hours and Earnings
Hours and earnings data are derived from reports of
payrolls and man-hours for production and related workers or
nonsupervisory employees. These terms are defined below. When
the pay period reported is longer than 1 week, the figures are
reduced to a weekly basis.

Average Overtime Hours
Production and Related Workers include working foremen and all nonsupervisory workers (including leadmen and
trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing,
shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and watchman services,
product development, auxiliary production for plant's own use
(e.g., power plant), and recordkeeplng and other services
closely associated with the above production operations.

The overtime hours represent that portion of the
gross average weekly hours which were in excess of regular
hours and for which premium payments were made. If an employee
works on a paid holiday at regular rates, receiving as total
compensation his holiday pay plus straight-time pay for hours
worked that day, no overtime hours would be reported.
Since overtime hours are premium hours by definition,
the gross weekly hours and overtime hours do not necessarily
move in the same direction from month to month; for example,
premiums may be paid for hours in excess of the straight-time
workday although less than a full week is worked. Diverse
trends on the industry-group level may also be caused by a
marked change in gross hours for a component industry where
little or no overtime was worked in both the previous and current months. In addition, such factors as stoppages, absenteeism, and labor turnover may not have the same influence on
overtime hours as on gross hours.

Nonsupervisory Employees include employees (not above
the working supervisory level) such as office and clerical
workers, repairmen, salespersons, operators, drivers, attendants, service employees, linemen, laborers, janitors, watchmen,
and similar occupational levels, and other employees whose
services are closely associated with those of the employees
listed.
Payroll covers the payroll for full- and part-time
production, construction, or nonsupervisory workers who received pay for any part of the pay period ending nearest the
15th of the month. The payroll is reported before deductions
of any kind, e.g., pJLd-age and unemployment insurance, group
insurance, withholding tax, bonds, and union dues; also included is pay for overtime, holidays, vacations, and sick leave
paid directly by the firm. Bonuses (unless earned and paid
regularly each pay period), other pay not earned in pay period
reported (e.g., retroactive pay), and the value of free rent,
fuel, meals, or other payment in kind are excluded.

Spendable Average Weekly Earnings
Spendable average weekly earnings in current dollars
are obtained by deducting estimated Federal social security and
income taxes from gross weekly earnings. The amount of income
tax liability depends on the number of dependents supported by
the worker, as well as on the level of his gross income. To
reflect these variables, spendable earnings are computed for
two types of income receivers—a worker with no dependents, and
a worker with three dependents. The computations are based on
the gross average weekly earnings for all production and related workers in manufacturing, mining, or contract construction without regard to marital status, family composition, or
total family income.

Man-Hours cover man-hours worked or paid for, during
the pay period ending nearest the 15th of the month, for production, construction, and nonsupervisory workers. The manhours include hours paid for holidays and vacations, and for
sick leave when pay is received directly from the firm.
Overtime Hours cover premium overtime hours of production and related workers during the pay period ending
nearest the. 15th of the month. Overtime hours are those for
which premiums were paid because the hours were in excess of
the number of hours of either the straight-time workday or
workweek. Weekend and holiday hours are included only if premium wage rates were paid. Hours for which only shift differential, hazard, incentive, or other similar types of premiums
were paid are excluded.

"Real" earnings are computed by dividing the; current
Consumer Price Index into the earnings average for the current
month. The resulting level of earnings expressed in 19^7-^9
dollars is thus adjusted for changes in purchasing power since
the base period.
Average Hourly Earnings Excluding Overtime
Average hourly earnings excluding premium overtime
pay are computed by dividing the total production-worker payroll for the industry group by the sum of total productionworker man-hours and one-half of total overtime man-hours.
Prior to January 1956, data were based on the application of
adjustment factors to gross average hourly earnings (as
described in the Monthly Labor Review, May 1950, pp. 537-5^0).
Both methods eliminate only the earnings due to overtime paid
for at one and one-half times the straight-time rates. No adjustment is made for other premium payment provisions, such as

Gross Average Hourly and Weekly Earnings
Average hourly earnings for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries are on a "gross" basis, reflecting not
only changes in basic hourly and incentive wage rates, but also
such variable factors as premium pay for overtime and late-shift
work, and changes in output of workers paid on an incentive
plan. Employment shifts between relatively high-paid and




6-E

holiday vork, late-shift work, and overtime rates other than
tine and one-half.

employment because of discharge, permanent disability, death,
retirement, transfers to another establishment of the company,
and entrance into the Armed Forces expected to last more than
30 consecutive calendar days.

Indexes of Aggregate Weekly Payrolls and Man-Hours
The indexes of aggregate veekly payrolls and nan-hours
are prepared by dividing the current month's aggregate by the
monthly average for the 19^7-^9 period. The nan-hour aggregates
are the product lof average veekly hours and product!on-vorker
employment, and the payroll aggregates are the product of gross
average veekly earnings and production-vorker employment.
Railroad Hours and Earnings
The figures for Class I railroads (excluding switching
and terminal companies) are based on monthly data summarized in
the M-300 report of the Interstate Commerce Commission and relate to all employees who received pay during the month except
executives, officials, and staff assistants (ICC Group I ) .
Gross average hourly earnings are computed by dividing total
compensation by total hours paid for. Average veekly hours are
obtained by dividing the total number of hours paid for, reduced
to a veekly basis, by the number of employees, as defined above.
Gross average veekly earnings are derived by multiplying average
veekly hours by average hourly earnings.

Labor Turnover
Labor turnover is the gross movement of wage and
salary vorkers into and out of employment status vith respect to
individual establishments. This movement, vhich relates to a
calendar month, is divided into tvo broad types: Accessions
(nev hires and re hires) and separations (terminations of employment initiated by either employer or employee). Each type of
action is cumulated for a calendar month and expressed as a rate
per 100 employees. The data relate to all employees, whether
full- or part-time, permanent or temporary, including executive,
office, sales, other salaried personnel, and production vorkers.
Transfers to another establishment of the company are included
beginning with January 1959-

Accessions are the total number of permanent and temporary additions to the employment roll including both nev and
rehired employees.
Nev hires are temporary or permanent additions to the
employment roll of former employees not recalled by the employer, or persons who have never before been employed in the
establishment, except for those transferred from other establishments of the company.
Other accessions, vhich are not published separately
but are included in total accessions, are all additions to the
employment roll vhich are not classified as nev hires.
Comparability With Employment Series
Month-to-month changes in total employment in manufacturing industries reflected by labor turnover rates are not
comparable vith the changes shown in the Bureau's employment
series for the following reasons: (1) Accessions and separations are computed for the entire calendar month; the employment reports refer to the pay period ending nearest the 15th of
the month; (2) the turnover sample excludes certain industries
(see Coverage, p. 5-E); (3) plants on strike are not Included in
the turnover computations beginning vith the month the strike
starts through the month the vorkers return; the influence of
such stoppages is reflected, however, in the employment figures.

STATISTICS FOR STATES A N D AREAS

Separations are terminations of employment during the
calendar month and are classified according to cause: Quits,
layoffs, and other separations, as defined below.

State and area employment, hours, earnings, and labor
turnover data are collected and prepared by State agencies in
cooperation vith BLS. Additional industry detail may be obtained from the State agencies listed on the inside back cover.
These statistics are based on the same establishment reports
used by BLS for preparing national estimates. For employment,
the sum of the State figures may differ slightly from the
equivalent official U.S. totals because of differences in the
timing of benchmark adjustments, slightly varying methods of
computation, and, since January 1959, a different classification system. (See Industrial Classification, p. 5-E-)

Quits are terminations of employment Initiated by
employees, failure to report after being hired, and unauthorized
absences, if on the last day of the month the person has been
absent more than 7 consecutive calendar days.

For Alaska and Hawaii, satisfactory employment
estimates cannot be derived by subtracting the U.S. totals
vithout Alaska and Hawaii from the totals including the 2 nev
States.

Layoff8 are suspensions without pay lasting or expected to last more than 7 consecutive calendar days, initiated
by the employer vithout prejudice to the vorker.
Other separations, vhich are not published separately
but are included in total separations, are terminations of




ESTIMATING METHODS
The procedures used for estimating industry employment, hours, earnings, and labor turnover statistics are summarized in the folloving table. Details are given in the
appropriate technical notes, vhich are available on request.

7E
-

Summary of Methods for Computing Industry Statistics
on Employment, Hours, Earnings, and Labor Turnover
I ten

Total nonagricultural divisions,
Major groups, and groups

Individual Manufacturing and
nonmanufacturing industries

Monthly Data
All employees

All-employee estimate for previous month
multiplied by ratio of all employees in
current month to all employees in previous
month, for sample establishments which reported for both months.

Sum of all-employee estimates for component
industries.

Production or
nonsupervisory workers;
Women employees

All-employee estimate for current month
multiplied by (1) ratio of production or
nonsupervisory workers to all employees
in sample establishments for current month,
(2) ratio of women to all employees.

Sum of production- or nonsupervisory-worker
estimates, or women estimates, for component
Industries.

Gross arcrage weekly hours

Production- or nonsupervisory-worker man-hours
divided by number of production or nonsupervisory workers.

Average, weighted by production- or
nonsupervisory-worker employment, of the
average weekly hours for component industries.

Average weekly overtime
hours

Production-worker overtime man-hours
divided by number of production workers.

Average, weighted by production-worker employment, of the average weekly overtime hours for
component Industries.

Gross average hourly
earnings

Total production- or nonsupervisory-worker
payroll divided by total production- or
nonsupervisory-worker man-hours.

Average, weighted by aggregate man-hours, of
the average hourly earnings for component
industries.

Gross average weekly
earnings

Product of gross average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Product of gross average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Labor turnover rates
(total, men, and voaen)

The number of particular actions (e.g.,
quits) in reporting firms divided by total
employment in those firms. The result is
multiplied by 100. For men (or women), the
number of men (women) who quit is divided by
the total number of men (women) employed.

Average, weighted by employment, of the rates
for component industries.

Annual Average Data
All employees and production or nonsupervisory
workers

Sum of monthly estimates divided by 12.

Sum of monthly estimates divided by 12.

Gross average weekly hours

Annual total of aggregate man-hours (production- or nonsupervisory-worker employment
multiplied by average weekly hours) divided
by annual sum of employment.

Average, weighted by production- or
nonsupervisory-worker employment, of the
annual averages of weekly hours for component
industries.

Average weekly overtime
hours

Annual total of aggregate overtime man-hours
(production-worker employment multiplied by
average weekly overtime hours) divided by
annual sum of employment.

Average, weighted by production-worker employment, of the annual averages of weekly overtime
hours for component Industries.

Gross average hourly
earnings

Annual total of aggregate payroll*f(productionor nonsupervisory-worker employment multiplied
by weekly earnings) divided by annual aggregate
man-hours.

Average, weighted by aggregate man-hours, of
the annual averages of hourly earnings for
component industries.

Gross average weekly
earnings

Product of gross average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Product of gross average weekly hours and
average hourly earnings.

Labor turnover rates

Sum of monthly rates divided by 12.

Sum of monthly rates divided by 12.




8E
-

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Bureau of Labor Statistics
COOPERATING STATE AGENCIES
Employment and Labor Turnover Statistics Programs

ALABAMA
ARIZONA
ARKANSAS
CALIFORNIA

-Department of Industrial Relations, Montgomery 4.
-Unemployment Compensation Division, Employment Security C

Imployment,
COLORADO*
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
FLORIDA
GEORGIA
IDAHO
ILLINOIS*
INDIANA
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MARYLAND
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN*
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY*
NEW MEXICO
NEW YORK

Sacramento 14 (Turnover).
-U. S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Denver 2.
-Employment Security Division, Department of Labor, Hartford 15.
-Unemployment Compensation Commission, Wilmington 99.
-U. S. Employment Service for D. C. , Washington 25.
-Industrial Commission, Tallahassee.
-Employment Security Agency, Department of Labor, Atlanta 3.
-Employment Security Agency, Boise.
-Division of Unemployment Compensation and State Employment Service,
Department of Labor, Chicago 6.
-Employment Security Division, Indianapolis 25.

-ankfort.
• i - ' i v i o i u n VJJ. i J i n u i u y i i i c i i i j c ^ u i A i y j ivc p a i m i c i l t Oi J_jcLDOr, DB-tOH X OZ f ^
v l SC

-Employment Security Commission, Augusta.
-Department of Employment Security, Baltimore 1.
-Division of Statistics, Department of Labor and Industries, Boston 16 (Employment).
Research and Statistics, Division of Employment Security, Boston 15 (Turnover).
-Employment Security Commission, Detroit 2.
-Department of Employment Security, St. Paul 1.
-Employment Security Commission, Jackson.
-Division of Employment Security, Jefferson City.
-Unemployment Compensation Commission, Helena.
-Division of Employment Security, Department of Labor, Lincoln 1.
-Employment Security Department, Carson City.
-Department of Employment Security, Concord.
-Bureau of Statistics and Records, Department of Labor and Industry, Trenton 25.
-Employment Security Commission, Albuquerque.
-Bureau of Research and Statistics, Division of Employment, State Department of Labor,
500 FlicrVifVi AvpmiP

W^w Ynrlr

lft

NORTH CAROLINA
NORTH DAKOTA
OHIO*
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA*
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH*
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WEST VIRGINIA
WISCONSIN*
WYOMING*

-Division oi Research and statistics, Bureau oi Unemp
-Employment Security Commission, Oklahoma Citv 2.
-Department of Employment, Salem.
-Bureau of Employment Security, Department of Labor and Industry, Harrisburg.
-Division of Statistics and Census, Department of Labor, Providence 3 (Employment).
Department of Employment Security, Providence 3 (Turnover).
-Employment Security Commission, Columbia 1.
-Employment Security Department, Aberdeen.
-Department of Employment Security, Nashville 3.
-Employment Commission, Austin 1.
-Department of Employment Security, Industrial Commission, Salt Lake City 10.
-TTnoYVinimrTvtfint rATYinonootinn r.r\TV»iTn'ccirtn Montpelier.
-Unemployment Compensation Commission, K/nnfnol-ior
-Division of Research and Statistics, Department of Labor and Industry, Richmon 14 (Employment).
id
Unemployment Compensation Commission, Richmond 11 (Turnover).
-Employment Security Department, Olympia.
-Department of Employment Security, Charleston 5.
-Unemployment Compensation Department, Industrial Commission, Madison 3.
-Employment Security Commission, Casper.

^Employment statistics program only.





Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102