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1

PART-TIME JOBS
FOR WOMEN
e

8

IN
RICHMOND, VA.

1949

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D-9
Tables to supplement
Women's Bureau Bulletin 238

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
Maurice J. Tobin, Secretary
Women's Bureau
Frieda S. Miller, Director
Washington 25, D.C.
1951

INTRODUCTION

These tables supplement "Part-Time Jobs for '(/omen—A Study in lO Cities,"
published as Bulletin No. 238 of the United States Department of Labor's
Women's Bureau; Washington 25j D. C. They present detailed.lists of jobs
and industries in which women were employed part time in Richmond in
June 1949.
Bulletin 238 describes the part-time work experience of management and
employees in a wide range of jobs and industries in which women were work­
ing a short week. The majority of woman—employing industries in nonmanu­
facturing were included in the study, with the following exceptions:
Agriculture; some service industries, such as household employment and
maintenance work (office cleaning); Government service; and self-employed
persons. AlsOj the following selected occupations were excluded: Public
school teachers, temporary and seasonal workers, canvassersj and door-todoor saleswomen insurance agents, real estate saleswomenj theatrical and
professional entertainers.
Part-time work by students was not included.
(In New York City the study was limited to three industries—museums and
art gallerieSj advertising agencieSj and publishing houses.)
The information was collected during the period from June 1949 to June 30j
1950j by Women's Bureau representatives directly from employers and from
women part-time workers in lO cities located in various sections of the
country.
Since the information in the bulletin is not shown by individual city but
only by the aggregate findings of the lO cities, a series of supplementary
individual city reports listing the part-time jobs in each city has been
prepared*and are available on reguest.
These cities are—Dallas., Denver, Des Moines, Milwaukee, New York, Provi­
dence, Richmond (Virginia), San Francisco, Syracuse, and Worcester.

CONTENTS
Table 1 - Extent of part-time employment of women, by industry—
Richmond.
Table 2 - Alphabetical list of part-time jobs held by women, by
industry—Richmond.
Table 3 - Industry list of part-time jobs held by women—Richmond.




TABLE 1.

EXTENT OF PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN, BY INDUSTRY—RICHMOND

Industry

All Industries

Number of
es tab 1t shments
employing
women

Establishments regularly employing women part time
Women part-time
Total
Numbe r of
employees
number of
A1 1
establish­
employees
women
percent of
ments
Number
e mployees
total women

171

63

8, 366

5, 980

711

12

3

2

36

12

9

(1)

Amusement
Motion-picture theaters
Communication and Other Public Utilities
Electric light and power companies

1

0

-

-

-

-

Gas companies

1

0

Radio broadcasting stations

S

3

165

47

3

6

Banking

5

0

5

1

524

400

-

Insurance

Finance and Insurance
'

-

2

1

Personal Services
Beauty shops

6

1

7

4

1

(1)

15

2

71

15

27

3

1

300

56
158

2

1

cleaning depots

2

0

_

.

_

_

Shoe repair shops

2

0

15

10

153

135

22

18

1

1

47

41

16

39

Eating and drinking places
Hotels
Self-service laundries and dry­

-

-

Professional and Related Services
Charitable, religious, and membership
organizations:
Social agencies 2
Other organizations 3
Educational services:
Schools:
Private schools, primary and secondary

3

3

158

136

37

27

Libraries

1

Museums

6

1
2

76
17

63
16

13
8

21
111

5

5

1, 605

1, 149

40

3

2

0

-

-

-

-

11

R

112

110

15

14

5
8

3
6

4, 377
560

3, 061
507

465
42

15
8

59

12

135

65

15

23

7

2

23

20

5

Medical and other health services:
Hospitals
Professional offices:
Doctors' and dentists' offices
Trade
Retail stores:
Apparel and accessories stores, women's
Department stores
Limited-price variety stores
Miscellaneous retail

stores

Miscellaneous Industries and Services
Advertising and letter service

Base too small

111

to Justify percent.

Includes such associations and agencies as American Red Cross, Children's Aid Society, community centers, Family
Service, Psychiatric Clinic, residence for problem children, Travelers Aid, Visiting Nurse Association,
Voca­
tional Counseling Servi'ce,
Y . W. C. A.




20824

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Radio broadcasting stations

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Professional and
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Beauty operators.........................................................................
Clerical workers:
Accounting clerks.............................................................

X
X

Admittance clerks.............................................................

X

Audit clerks................................................................................
X

Bookkeepers....................................................................................
Checking clerks.....................................................................
Clerk-typists.............................................................................
Clerk-stenographers.....................................................

X

X
X

X

X
X

Desk clerks........................................ ............................................
Duplicating-machine operators....

X

General clerks.........................................................................
Receptionists.............................................................................

X

X

X

X

X

X

X
X

Secretaries.....................................................................................
Telephone operators.....................................................

X
X
X

Typists....................................................................................................
Consultants (drama).............................................................

X
X

Continuity writers.................................................................
Curators and assistants.............................................

X

Directors or executive secretaries
and assistants

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.........................................................................

X

X

Pood-service workers:
X

Bakers and helpers.........................................................
X

Bus girls............................................................................................
Cashiers................................................................................................
Cooks and assistants.................................................

X

X

X

X

X
X

X

Counter girls.............................................................................
Dishwashers....................................................................................

X

X

X

X

Hostesses............................................................................................
Fanners, roll.............................................................................

X

Pantry girls................................................................................

X

X

X

Salad makers................................................................................
Servers....................................................................................................

X
X

Waitresses........................................................................................
Group leaders, recreation...........

X

X
X

Guides and lecturers.........................................................

X

Kindergarten and nurseryschool attendants.................................................................
Laboratory technicians................................................
Librarians and assistants (prof.)..

X
X
X

X

X

X

Library aides....................................................................................
Non-selling retail trade workers:
Art and needle work instructors..

X

Artists....................................................................................................
Cashiers-wrappers .............................................................

X

Floor managers........................................................................
Milliners............................................................................................
Models........................................................................................................
Shoppers, comparison and

X

personal............................................................................................
Stock girls....................................................................................
Ticket-machine operators................................

X

X

X
X

X
X

Wrappers..............................
Nurses,

X

registered....................

Saleswomen..............................

X
X

X

School service specialists..........
Social workers (prof.)...............
Teachers of

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

X

-

Art. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

X

Chemistry,

X

economics,

geography..

Cr a f t s................................
Dancing, social..... ...............
Fifth grade classes................

X

X
X

Music.................................
Physical education.................

X

X

Remedial reading....................

X

X

X

Riding................................
Science...............................
Sewing................................
Ticket sellers.........................

X
X

X
X

-

Most of the organizations are social agencies.
2

Publicity and promotional director, assistant administrator (director), educational director.




20824

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4
TABLE 3.

INDUSTRY LIST OF PART-TIME JOBS HELD BY WOMEN—RICHMOND

Amusement

Charitable, religious, and member­
ship organizations 1 (cont'd)
Social workers (professional) in Social welfare agencies
Psychiatric clinics
Red Cross
Teachers (psychiatric clinics) of Crafts
Physical education
Remedial reading
Clerk-typists
General clerks
Secretaries
Bus girls
Cashiers, restaurant
Counter girls
Dishwashers
Salad makers

Motion-picture theaters
Saleswomen, candy and popcorn
Ticket sellers
Communication
Radio broadcasting stations
Continuity writers
Directors of publicity and
promotional work
Receptionists
Insurance
Accounting clerks
Receptionists
Cashiers, cafeteria

Educational services
Private schools, primary and secondary
Accompanists, piano
Consultants, drama
Kindergarten and nursery-school
attendants
Librarians and assistants
(professional)
Nurses, registered
Teachers of Academic subjects, miscellaneous
Dancing, social
Music
Physical education
Remedial reading
Riding
Sewing
Libraries
Librarians (professional)
Library aides
Museums
Curators and assistants
Guides and lecturers
School-service specialists

Personal services
Beauty shops
Beauty operators
Eating and drinking places
Waitresses
Hotels
Cashiers, restaurant
Waitresses
Professional and related services
Charitable, religious, and member­
ship organizations 1
Accompanists, piano (community
houses)
Assistant administrators (volun­
teer services)
Group leaders (recreation centers)
Nurses, registered (psychiatric
clinics)
Nurses, registered (visiting nurse
association)

1 Most of the organizations are social agencies.




20824

5

TABLE 3.

RICHMOND, VIRGINIA (cont'd)

Professional and related services
(cont'd )
Medical and other health services
Hospitals
Laboratory technicians
Librarians (professional)
Nurses, registered
Admittance clerks
Bookkeepers
Clerk-stenographers
Clerk-typists
Receptionists
Secretaries
Telephone operators
Cooks
Trade
Retail stores
Apparel and accessories stores
women's
Saleswomen
Audit clerks
Clerical workers, general
Department stores
Artists
Cashiers-wrappers
Floor managers
Milliners
Models




Department stores (cont'd)
Needlework instructors
Shoppers, comparison and personal
Stock girls
Ticket-machine operators
Saleswomen
Clerical workers, general
Hostesses
Bakers and helpers
Bus girls
Cashiers, restaurant
Cooks and assistants
Dishwashers
Pantry girls
Salad makers
Servers
Waitresses
Limited-price variety stores
Saleswomen
Counter girls, lunch
Miscellaneous retail stores
Saleswomen
Bookkeepers
Counter girls, lunch
Panners, roll
Wrappers, meat
Miscellaneous industries and services
Advertising and letter service
Duplicating-machine operators
Typists

GPO 63-20824
Labor - D. C

(WB 52-192)


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102