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The Obama Administration’s Efforts
To Stabilize The Housing Market
and Help American Homeowners
May 2012

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Urban Development | U.S. Department of the and Research
U.S Department of Housing and Development | Office of Policy Development Treasury

The Administration’s goal is to stabilize the housing market and provide
security for homeowners. To meet these objectives in the context of
a very challenging market, the Administration developed a broad
approach implementing state and local housing agency initiatives, tax
credits for homebuyers, neighborhood stabilization and community
development programs, mortgage modifications and refinancing,
housing counseling, continued Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
engagement, support for Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and increased
consumer protections. In addition, Federal Reserve and Treasury
Mortgage-Backed Securities purchase programs have helped to keep
mortgage interest rates at record lows over the past year. More detail
on the Administration’s efforts can be found in the Appendix.

May 2012 Scorecard on Administration’s
Comprehensive Housing Initiative

The President’s housing market recovery efforts began immediately after
taking office in February 2009. The May 2012 housing scorecard
includes the following key indicators of market health and results of the
Administration’s comprehensive response, as outlined above:
•

Market data show promise as indicators continue to
show signs of stability, though officials caution that the
overall outlook remains mixed. Sales of existing homes rose

2.4 percent in April, increasing in every region of the U.S. In
addition, the inventory of newly constructed houses increased for
the first time since April 2007. Since sales outpaced inventory
levels, the supply of homes on the market dipped to 5.1 months
in April from 5.2 months in March and a peak of 12.2 months in
January 2009. Experts consider a six month supply of homes for
sale to be a balanced market. However, distressed sales remain a
key factor as the impact of serious delinquencies and underwater
mortgages continue to temper market gains.

•

The Administration’s foreclosure programs are providing
relief for millions of homeowners as the housing market
continues to recover from an unprecedented crisis. More

than 1.1 million homeowner assistance actions have taken place
through the Administration’s Making Home Affordable Program,
while the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) has offered more
than 1.3 loss mitigation and early delinquency interventions.
The Administration’s programs continue to encourage improved
standards and processes in the industry, with HOPE Now lenders
offering families and individuals nearly 2.9 million proprietary
mortgage modifications through April.

•

More than 1.1 million homeowner assistance actions
were granted through Making Home Affordable. Eligible

homeowners entering HAMP continue to demonstrate a high
likelihood of long-term success in the program. As of April, more
than one million homeowners have received a permanent HAMP
modification, saving approximately $535 on their mortgage
payments each month, and an estimated $12.7 billion to date.
Eighty-six percent of homeowners entering the program in the
last 22 months have received a permanent modification, with
an average trial period of 3.5 months. Seventy percent of nonGSE customers entering HAMP in recent months have received
some form of principal reduction with their modification. Those
participating in the HAMP Principal Reduction Alternative (PRA)
have seen a median principal reduction of $68,267 – or 31
percent. The April Monthly Report can be found at: http://www.
treasury.gov/initiatives/financial-stability/results/MHA-Reports/
Pages/default.aspx
Given the current fragility and recognizing that recovery will take
place over time, the Administration remains committed to its efforts to
prevent avoidable foreclosures and stabilize the housing market.

May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 1

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

The Obama Administration’s Efforts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | May 2012
House Prices Stable in March
Distressed Sales Remain Key In This Fragile Recovery

Expectations On House Prices Remain Above 2009 Projections
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May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 2

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The Obama Administration’s Efforts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | May 2012
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Mortgage Aid Helps Foreclosures Trend Downward,
Completions Down For Three Consecutive Months

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May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 3

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

The Obama Administration’s Efforts To Stabilize The Housing Market and Help American Homeowners | May 2012

Homeowners Save From Reduced Mortgage Payments

Total Home Equity Slightly Lower Than First Quarter 2009
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U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department Efforts To Stabilize Development Office and Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s of Housing and Urban The Housing| Marketof Policy Development and Research | May 2012

Indicator

HOUSING ASSISTANCE AND STABILIZATION PERFORMANCE METRICS
This Period
Last Period
Cumulative From April 1, 2009

Distressed Homeowners Assisted (thousands)
HAMP Trial Modifications
HAMP Permanent Modifications
FHA Loss Mitigation Interventions
HOPE Now Modifications
HARP Refinances

Latest Release

19.4
15.2
30.5
46.5
79.5

20.9
19.9
29.9
44.5
44.5

1,849
1,009
1,335
2,890
1,202

April-12
April-12
April-12
March-12
March-12

420.4

411.2

7,550

1st Q 12

Borrower Annual Savings ($ millions)
HAMP Trial Modifications
HAMP Permanent Modifications
All Refinances

----

----

337
5,102
27,705

1st Q 12
1st Q 12
1st Q 12

Activities Completed Under NSP (housing units)
New Construction or Residential Rehab
Demolition or Clearance
Direct Homeownership Assistance

----

----

11,719 [54,588]
22,975 [26,097]
9,050 [18,460]

–171.4

–88.3

Counseled Borrowers (thousands)

Change in Aggregate Home Equity ($ billions)

Indicator

Mortgage Rates (30-Yr FRM, percent)

–106.1

(r)

HOUSING MARKET FACT SHEET
This Period

Last Period

3.75

Year Ago

3.78

(b)
(b)
(b)

4.55

4th Q 11

As of Dec 2008

Latest Release

5.10

184.1

1st Q 12
1st Q 12
1st Q 12

31-May-12

162.9

March-12

Housing Affordability (index)

204.3

207.9

(r)

Home Prices (indices)
Case Shiller (NSA)
FHFA (SA)
CoreLogic - Excluding Distressed Sales (NSA)

134.1
185.7
146.9

134.1
182.4
143.9

(r)
(r)
(r)

137.6
180.8
145.5

150.5
197.0
161.6

Home Sales (thousands, SA)
New
Existing
First Time Buyers
Distressed Sales (percent, NSA)

28.6
385.0
153.0
27

27.7
372.5
148.1
30

(r)
(r)
(r)
(r)

26.0
350.0
139.1
34

31.4
334.2
149.9
32

April-12
April-12
April-12
March-12

Housing Supply
Existing Homes for Sale (thousands, NSA)
Existing Homes - Months’ Supply (months)
New Homes for Sale (thousands, SA)
New Homes for Sale - Months’ Supply (months, SA)
Vacant Units Held Off Market (thousands)

2,540
6.6
146
5.1
4,053

2,320
6.2
144
5.2
3,606

(r)
(r)

3,200
9.1
174
6.7
3,889

3,130
9.4
353
11.2
3,542

April-12
April-12
April-12
April-12
1st Q 12

918.1
517.8

767.2
986.4

1st Q 12
1st Q 12

24.9
69.1
53.1

62.9
72.7
56.2

April-12
April-12
April-12

4.3
32.2
11.1

4.4
34.3
14.3

April-12
April-12
April-12

1,512
1,632
576

915
1,632
333

April-12
April-12
April-12

Mortgage Originations (thousands)
Refinance Originations
Purchase Originations

(p)
(p)

(r)

(r)
(r)

March-12
March-12
March-12

1,219.4
462.5

(r)
(r)

1,253.6
410.3

FHA Originations (thousands)
Refinance Originations
Purchase Originations
Purchases by First Time Buyers

53.1
69.4
52.3

(p)
(p)
(p)

47.6
65.4
46.2

Mortgage Delinquency Rates (percent)
Prime
Subprime
FHA

3.9
28.9
11.6

3.8
28.6
11.4

1,395
1,609
707

1,404
1,607
708

11,119

10,723

11,089

--

4th Q 10

59.9
77.5
51.4
24.9
43.8

64.7
79.1
55.1
23.5
49.2

63.4
86.3
69.5
25.0
81.1

121.5
103.0
78.9
13.9
74.4

April-12
April-12
April-12
March-12
March-12

Seriously Delinquent Mortgages (thousands)
Prime
Subprime
FHA
Underwater Borrowers (thousands)
Foreclosure Actions (thousands)
Notice of Default (Foreclosure Starts)
Notice of Foreclosure Sale
Foreclosure Completions
Short Sales
REO Sales

(p)
(p)

(r)
(r)
(r)

(r)
(r)

(r)
(r)

SA = seasonally adjusted, NSA = not SA, p = preliminary, r = revised, b = brackets include units in process.
May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 5

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department Efforts To Stabilize Development Office and Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s of Housing and Urban The Housing| Marketof Policy Development and Research | May 2012

A. Items in Tables

SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY

Description
Distressed Homeowners Assisted
HAMP Trial Modifications
HAMP Permanent Modifications
HARP Refinances
FHA Loss Mitigation Interventions
HOPE Now Modifications
Counseled Borrowers (thousands)
Borrower Annual Savings
HAMP Trial Modifications

Frequency

Sources

Notes on Methodology

Monthly
Monthly
Monthly
Monthly
Monthly

Treasury
Treasury
Federal Housing Finance Agency
HUD
Hope Now Alliance

As reported.
As reported.
As reported.
All FHA loss mitigation and early delinquency interventions.
All proprietary modifications completed.

Quarterly

HUD

Housing counseling activity reported by all HUD-approved housing counselors.

Quarterly

HUD, Treasury, and Freddie Mac

HAMP Permanent Modifications

Quarterly

HUD and Treasury

All Refinances

Quarterly

HUD, and MBA

HUD estimate of annualized savings based on Treasury reported active HAMP trial modifications
and Freddie Mac monthly savings estimates.
HUD estimate of annualized savings based on Treasury reported active HAMP permanent
modifications and median monthly savings estimates.
Refinance originations (see below) multiplied by HUD estimate of annualized savings per refinance.

Completed Activities Under NSP (housing units)
New Construction or Residential Rehab

Quarterly

HUD

Demolition or Clearance

Quarterly

HUD

Direct Homeownership Assistance

Quarterly

HUD

Change in Aggregate Home Equity

Quarterly

Federal Reserve Board

Mortgage Rates (30-Yr FRM)

Weekly

Freddie Mac

Primary Mortgage Market Survey, as reported for 30-Year fixed rate mortgages (FRM).

Housing Affordability

Monthly

National Association of Realtors ®

NAR’s composite housing affordability index as reported. A value of 100 means that a
family with the median income has exactly enough income to qualify for a mortgage on a
median-priced home. An index above 100 signifies that family earning the median income
has more than enough income to qualify.

Home Prices
Case-Shiller (NSA)

Monthly

Standard and Poor’s

Monthly
Monthly

Federal Housing Finance Agency
CoreLogic

Case-Shiller 20-metro composite index, January 2000 = 100. Standard and Poor’s recommends
use of not seasonally adjusted index when making monthly comparisons.
FHFA monthly (purchase-only) index for US, January 1991 = 100.
CoreLogic national combined index, distressed sales excluded, January 2000 = 100.
(Only available as NSA).

Monthly

HUD and Census Bureau

Existing

Monthly

National Association of Realtors ®

First Time Buyers

Monthly

NAR, Census Bureau, and HUD

Distressed Sales (NSA)

Monthly

CoreLogic

Housing Supply
Existing Homes for Sale (NSA)
Existing Homes - Months’ Supply
New Homes for Sale (SA)
New Homes for Sale - Months’ Supply (SA)
Vacant Units Held Off Market

Monthly
Monthly
Monthly
Monthly
Quarterly

National Association of Realtors ®
National Association of Realtors ®
HUD and Census Bureau
HUD and Census Bureau
Census Bureau

As reported.
As reported.
As reported.
As reported.
As reported in Census CPS/HPS Table 4. Estimates of Housing Inventory, line item “Year-round
vacant, held off market for reasons other than occasional use or usually reside elsewhere.”
Vacant units can be held off the market for a variety of reasons.

Mortgage Originations
Refinance Originations

Quarterly

Purchase Originations

Quarterly

Mortgage Bankers Association
and HUD
Mortgage Bankers Association
and HUD

HUD estimate of refinance originations based on MBA estimate of dollar volume of refiance
originations.
HUD estimate of home purchase originations based on MBA estimate of dollar volume of home
purchase originations.

FHFA (SA)
CoreLogic - Excluding Distressed Sales (NSA)
Home Sales (SA)
New

Housing units constructed/rehabilitated using Neighborhood Stabilization Program.
Bracketed numbers include units in process, to be completed by 3/2013.
Housing units demolished/cleared using Neighborhood Stabilization Program. Bracketed
numbers as above.
Completed downpayment assistance or non-amortizing second mortgages by grantee to
make purchase of NSP unit affordable. Bracketed numbers as above.
Difference in aggregate household owners’ equity in real estate as reported in the Federal
Reserve Board’s Flow of Funds Accounts of the United States for stated time period.

Seasonally adjusted annual rates divided by 12. A newly constructed house is considered
sold when either a sales contract has been signed or a deposit accepted, even if this occurs
before construction has actually started.
Seasonally adjusted annual rates divided by 12. Existing-home sales, which include singlefamily, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops, are based on transaction closings. This differs
from the U.S. Census Bureau’s series on new single-family home sales, which are based on
contracts or the acceptance of a deposit.
Sum of seasonally adjusted new and existing home sales (above) multiplied by National
Association of Realtors® annual estimate of first time buyer share of existing home sales.
Short sales and REO (Real Estate Owned) sales as a percent of total existing home sales
(current month subject to revision).

FHA Originations
Refinance Originations
Purchase Originations
Purchases by First Time Buyer
Mortgage Delinquency Rates (NSA)
Prime
Subprime
FHA

Monthly
Monthly
Monthly

HUD
HUD
HUD

FHA originations reported as of date of loan closing. Estimate for current month scaled upward
due to normal reporting lag and shown as preliminary.

Monthly
Monthly
Monthly

LPS Applied Analytics
LPS Applied Analytics
HUD

Total mortgages past due (30+ days) but not in foreclosure, divided by mortgages actively serviced.
Total mortgages past due (30+ days) but not in foreclosure, divided by mortgages actively serviced.
Total FHA mortgages past due (30+ days) but not in foreclosure, divided by FHA’s insurance in force.

Seriously Delinquent Mortgages
Prime
Subprime
FHA

Monthly
Monthly
Monthly

LPS Applied Analytics, MBA, and HUD Mortgages 90+ days delinquent or in foreclosure, scaled up to market.
LPS Applied Analytics, MBA, and HUD Mortgages 90+ days delinquent or in foreclosure, scaled up to market.
HUD
Mortgages 90+ days delinquent or in foreclosure.

Underwater Borrowers

Quarterly

CoreLogic

As reported.

Foreclosure Actions
Notice of Default (Foreclosure Starts)

Monthly

Realty Trac

Monthly
Monthly
Monthly
Monthly

Realty Trac
Realty Trac
CoreLogic
CoreLogic

Reported counts of notice of default plus lis pendens. Some foreclosure starts may be omitted in
states where the filing of a notice of default is optional.
Notice of sale (auctions).
Real Estate Owned (REO).
Count of Short Sales for the month as reported (current month subject to revision).
Count of REO (Real Estate Owned) Sales for the month as reported (current month subject to
revision).

Notice of Foreclosure Sale
Foreclosure Completions
Short sales
REO Sales

May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 6

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department Efforts To Stabilize Development Office and Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s of Housing and Urban The Housing| Marketof Policy Development and Research | May 2012

SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
B. Notes on Charts.
1. Monthly house price trends shown as changes in respective house price indices applied to a common base price set equal to the median price of an existing
home sold in January 2003 as reported by the National Association of Realtors. Indices shown: S&P/Case Shiller 20-metro composite index (NSA), January
2000 = 100, FHFA monthly (purchase-only) index for US (SA), January 1991 = 100, and CoreLogic-Distressed Sales Excluded (Monthly) for US (NSA),
January 2000 =100.
2. S&P/Case-Shiller 20 metro composite index (NSA) as reported monthly. Futures index figures report forward expectations of the level of the S&P/Case Shiller
index as of the date indicated, estimated from prices of futures purchased on the Chicago Board of Exchange reported by Radar Logic.
3. Reported seasonally adjusted annual rates for new and existing home sales divided by 12.
4. HUD estimate of refinance originations based on MBA estimate of dollar volume of refinance originations.
5. Cumulative HAMP modifications started, FHA loss mitigation and early delinquency interventions, plus proprietary modifications completed as reported by
Hope Now Alliance. Some homeowners may be counted in more than one category. Foreclosure completions are properties entering Real Estate Owned
(REO) as reported by Realty Trac.
6. Foreclosure starts include notice of default and lis pendens, completions are properties entering REO. Both as reported by Realty Trac. See “Foreclosure
Actions” above.
7. See “Borrower Annual Savings” above.
8. FHA market shares as FHA purchase and refinance originations divided by HUD estimates of purchase and refinance mortgage originations as noted in
“Mortgage Originations” above. Data for 2010 and 2011 have been revised.

C. Additional Notes.
Additional loan servicers were added to the LPS Applied Analytics data base in March 2012, increasing market coverage of active prime loans in the LPS
sample by 0.5 percent and active subprime loans by 20 percent. Since the estimated number of delinquent loans from this source have always been scaled
to represent the entire market, the additional market coverage would not necessarily increase the number of delinquent loans reported here. The increased
sample size improves the accuracy of the estimates.

May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 7

U.S Department of Housing and Urban Development
U.S. Department of the Treasury

U.S. Department Efforts To Stabilize Development Office and Help American Homeowners
The Obama Administration’s of Housing and Urban The Housing| Marketof Policy Development and Research | May 2012

Appendix
The Administration has taken a broad set of actions to stabilize the housing market and help
American homeowners. Three years ago, stress in the financial system had severely reduced
the supply of mortgage credit, limiting the ability of Americans to buy homes or refinance
mortgages. Millions of responsible families who had made their monthly payments and had
fulfilled their obligations saw their property values fall. They also found themselves unable to
refinance at lower mortgage rates.
In February 2009, less than one month after taking office, President Obama announced the
Homeowner Affordability and Stability Plan. As part of this plan and through other housing
initiatives, the Administration has taken the following actions to strengthen the housing market:
•

Supported Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to ensure continued access to affordable
mortgage credit;

•

The Federal Reserve and the U.S. Treasury purchased more than $1.4 trillion in agency
mortgage backed securities through independent MBS purchase programs, helping to
keep mortgage rates at historic lows;

•

Launched a modification initiative to help homeowners reduce mortgage payments to
affordable levels and to prevent avoidable foreclosures;

•

Launched a $23.5 billion Housing Finance Agencies Initiative to increase sustainable
homeownership and rental resources;

•

Supported the First Time Homebuyer Tax Credit, which helped more than 2.5 million
American families purchase homes;

•

Provided more than $5 billion in support for affordable rental housing through low
income housing tax credit programs and $6.92 billion in support for the Neighborhood
Stabilization Program to restore neighborhoods hardest hit by the concentrated
foreclosures;

•

Created the $7.6 billion HFA Hardest Hit Fund for innovative foreclosure prevention
programs in the nation’s hardest hit housing markets;

•

Launched the $1 billion Emergency Homeowners Loan Program, as part of the DoddFrank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, to help unemployed and
underemployed homeowners pay a portion of their monthly mortgage.

•

Created an FHA Short Refinance Option that helps underwater borrowers refinance into
a new, stable, FHA-insured mortgage that is more aligned with actual property values.

•

Supported home purchase and refinance activity through the FHA to provide access to
affordable mortgage capital and help homeowners prevent foreclosures.

•

Implemented a series of changes to the Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP) in
an effort to attract more eligible borrowers who can benefit from refinancing their home
mortgages during this time of historically low mortgage rates.
###

May 2012 National Scorecard | Page 8


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102