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Occupational Injuries and
Illnesses in the United States
by Industry, 1977
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics




O ccupational Injuries and
Illnesses in the United States
by Industry, 1977
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner
January 1980
Bulletin 2047




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LU-AQ

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402
Stock Number 029-001-02432-1

*

90*17




Preface

Data for this publication were collected in accor­
dance with the provisions of the Occupational Safety
and Health Act of 1970. The estimates gauge the occur­
rence of injuries and illnesses resulting from working
conditions over which the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration of the U.S. Department of
Labor, the Mine Safety and Health Administration of
the U.S. Department of Labor, and the Federal
Railroad Administration of the U.S. Department of
Transportation exercise statutory authority.
The estimates represent the injury and illness ex­
perience of employers in private sector establishments
for the years 1973-77. For each survey, report forms
were mailed to employers in the year following the
reference year of the survey.
The 1977 survey sample was about 85,000 below the
number sampled in the 1976 survey. The sample was
modified downward in response to the Office of
Management and Budget and the Commission on
Federal Paperwork’s proposal to reduce the amount of
paperwork required of the employer. The number of
sample units selected for the construction and




manufacturing industries was not reduced and,
therefore, there was no loss in statistical detail for these
industries. However, the reduction resulted in less
detailed statistics in the other nonmanufacturing indus­
tries surveyed, except for some selected three-digit in­
dustries which have historically high incidence rates.
This bulletin was prepared in the Office of Occupa­
tional Safety and Health Statistics, Theodore J.
Golonka, Assistant Commissioner, by the staff of the
Division of Periodic Surveys, under the direction of
William Mead. Data were collected and tabulated in
the Office of Statistical Operations with the coopera­
tion of the Regional Offices of the Bureau of Labor
Statistics and participating State agencies identified in
appendix C. State data on occupational injuries and ill­
nesses will be released in a separate publication.
Material in this publication is in the public domain
and may be reproduced without permission of the
Federal Government. Please credit the Bureau of
Labor Statistics and cite Occupational Injuries and Ill­
nesses in the United States, by Industry, 1977 , Bulletin
2047.

iii

Contents

Page

Total injuries and illnesses......................................................................................................................................
Incidence rates................................................................................
Number of injuries and illnesses...................................................................................................................
Lost workday injuries and illnesses.............................................................................................................
Lost workdays due to injuries and illnesses................................................................................................

1
1
2
2
2

Illnesses.....................................................................................................................................................................
Incidence rate s................................................................................................................................................
Number of illnesses........................................................................................................................................

2
3
3

Injuries.......................................................................................................................................................................
Incidence rate s................................................................................................................................................
Incidence rate trends since 1973...................................................................................................................
Incidence rates by establishment size...........................................................................................................
Number of injuries..........................................................................................................................................

3
3
4
4
5

Fatalities...................................................................................................................................................................

5

Worktime lost...........................................................................................................................................................
Lost workday injury cases............................................................................................................................
Lost workdays due to injuries.......................................................................................................................
Comparison with time lost from work stoppages........................................................................................

5
5
6
7

Safety training and medical examinations.............................................................................................................

7

Text tables:
1. Industries with highest injury and illness incidence rates, United States, 1976 and 1977 ...........
2. Lost workday injuries and illnesses with 15 or more days away from work as a percent of days
away from work cases, by industry division, United States, 1976 and 1977 ..................................
3. Industries with highest incidence rates of skin diseases or disorders, United States, 1977 ..........
4. Percent distribution of major industry groups (2-digit SIC) and related employment, by percent
change in total injury rate and lost workday injury rate, United States, 1976 to 1977 .................
5. Occupational injury incidence rates, by extent of case, United States, 1973 —
77...........................
6 . Industries with highest incidence rates of lost workday injuries, United States, 1977 .................
7. Percent distribution of injuries involving days away from work and days of restricted work activity
only, by industry division, United States, 1977 ................................................................................
8 . Injuries involving days away from work and days of restricted work activity only, as a percent of
total lost workday injuries, by employment size, United States, 1977............................................
9. Percent of worktime lost from job-related injuries and illnesses, and percent of days of idleness
from work stoppages, private sector, United States, 1973-77..........................................................
10. Provision of medical examinations and safety training programs: Injury and illness incidence
rates, by employment size, United States, 1977 .................................................................................
11. Provision of medical examinations and safety training programs: Percent of employees and injury
and illness incidence rates in industries with the highest total case rates and the highest incidence
rates of lost workdays, United States, 1977 ......................................................................................




IV

1
2
3
4
4
5
6
6
7

7

8

Contents— Continued
Page

Charts:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

7.

8.

9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Injury and illness incidence rates by industry division, United States, 1977 ................................
Mean and median distribution of total injury and illness incidence rates for 11 3-digit SIC indus­
tries with the highest total case rates, United States, 1977...............................................................
Percent distribution of private sector establishments by total injury and illness incidence rate
interval and employment-size group, United States, 5-year average, 1973— .............................
77
Mean and median distribution of lost workday injury and illness incidence rates for 10 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest lost workday case rates, United States 1977 ........................................
Ranking of 10 3-digit SIC industries with the highest injury and illness incidence rate of lost work­
days, United States, 1977 .....................................................................................................................
Percent of days-away-from-work injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more days to total daysaway-from-work cases for the 10 3-digit SIC industries with the highest injury and illness inci­
dence rate of lost workdays, United States, 1977..............................................................................
Percent distribution of days-away-from-work injuries and illnesses, and percent of days-awayfrom-work injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more days by employment-size group, United
States, 3-year average, 1975-77 .........................................................................................................
Percent distribution of total illnesses by category of illness, United States, 1977.........................
Percent change in total injury incidence rates and lost workday injury incidence rates, by industry
division, United States, 1976 to 1977.................................................................................................
Occupational injury incidence rates for total injuries, lost workday injuries, and lost workdays,
private sector, United States, 1973-77 ..............................................................................................
Injury incidence rates by employment-size group, United States, 1977..........................................
Percent distribution of employment, lost workday injuries, and lost workdays from injuries, by in­
dustry division. United States, 1977...................................................................................................
Percent of lost workday injuries involving days of restricted work activity only, by industry divi­
sion, United States, 1976 and 1977 ...................................................................................................
Ranking of the 10 3-digit SIC industries with the highest injury incidence rate of lost workdays,
United States, 1977 ..............................................................................................................................
Provisions of safety training programs and medical examinations: Injury and illness incidence
rates, by industry division, United States, 1977 ................................................................................

Reference tables:
1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry, United States, 1976
and 1977 ...............................................................................................................................................
2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and employment size,
United States, 1977 ...........................................................................................................................
3. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses and lost workdays, private sector, by industry divi­
sion, United States, 1976 and 1977 ...................................................................................................
4. Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and extent of case, United
States, 1976 and 1977 ..........................................................................................................................
5. Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and category of illness,
United States, 1977 ...........................................................................................................................
6 . Number of occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry, United States, 1977 .
7. Distribution of occupational illnesses and lost workdays, private sector, by category of illness and
extent of case, United States, 1977 .....................................................................................................
8 . Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry, United States, 1976 and 1977 .
9. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and employment size,
United States, 1976 and 1977 .............................................................................................................
10. Occupational injury incidence rates for lost workday cases, private sector, by industry division,
United States, 1976and 1977 ..............................................................................................................
Appendixes:
A. Scope of survey and technical notes...................................................................................................




v

9
10
11

12
13

14

15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23

24
33
59
60
60
61
62
63
72
72

73

Contents— Continued
Page

Tables:
A-l.

B.
C.
D.

Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses, and oc­
cupational injuries, private sector, by industry, United States, 1977 ...........................
A-2.
Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses, private sector, by in­
dustry, United States, 1977 ................................................................................................
OSHA No. 103 report form and instructions....................................................................................
State agencies participating in the 1977 survey..................................................................................
Glossary of te rm s ..................................................................................................................................




vi

75

85
86
91
92

Occupational Injuries
and Illnesses, 1977

Total Injuries and Illnesses

(text table 1). The lowest injury and illness rate was
recorded in insurance agents, brokers and service—
0.7—or on an average of 1 case for every 143 workers
compared to 1 in every 3 workers in the mobile home
industry. Of the 19 industries with the highest injury
and illness rates, all were manufacturing industries.
Injury and illness incidence rates varied according
to establishment size; lower rates were experienced by
workers in establishments with fewer than 50 or more
than 1,000 employees (table 2). Small-sized establish­
ments (1 to 19 employees) had a rate about one-third
that for medium-sized establishments (100 to 249
employees). The pattern of higher rates of injuries and
illnesses for medium-sized establishments has re­
mained constant over the past several years.
Table 2 also includes quartile rates. (Quartile rates
are not subject to the upward bias inherent in the mean
or total case rate—a few reporting units with a high in­
cidence of cases tend to inflate the mean rate.) The
quartile data show that in at least three-fourths of the
establishments in the private sector virtually no injuries
and illnesses occurred during 1977. In manufacturing,
one-half of the establishments had a rate of 0 .0 , and

Incidence rates

Occupational injuries and illnesses occurred at a
rate of 9.3 per 100 full-time workers during 1977 (ta­
ble l ); on the average, l out of every l l workers in the
private economy was injured or made ill while on the
job. Or, in terms of hours of exposure on the job, l in­
jury or illness was recorded for every 21,500 hours
worked. The estimates represent the experience of 68
million workers in over 5 million establishments in the
private sector of the American economy. In addition to
excluding self-employed individuals in the private sec­
tor, the 1977 estimates exclude farms with fewer than
11 employees.
The 1977 private sector rate represents a slight in­
crease from the 1976 rate of 9.2—about 2 percent. The
incidence rate changed little from 1976 to 1977
because the increase in the number of hours worked
was just about proportionate to the increase in the num­
ber of injuries and illnesses. The increase in employ­
ment and hours worked was about the same for highrisk industries (agriculture, forestry, and fishing; min­
ing; construction; manufacturing; and transportation
and public utilities) as for low-risk industries
(wholesale and retail trade; finance, insurance, and
real estate; and services).
Rates for the major industry divisions ranged from
15.5 in construction to 2.0 in finance, insurance, and
real estate (chart 1). Injury and illness rates for all the
goods-producing industry divisions (agriculture,
forestry, and fishing; mining; construction; and
manufacturing) and only one service-producing indus­
try (transportation and public utilities) were higher
than the average for the private sector. Manufacturing,
which employs nearly one-third of the total private sec­
tor work force, had a rate of 13.1. Rates decreased in
three of the eight industry divisions from 1976 to 1977,
increased in four divisions, and stayed the same for one
division-finance, insurance, and real estate. The
agriculture, forestry, and fishing industries had the
greatest change—up from 1 1.0 to 11.5 injuries and ill­
nesses per 100 full-time workers.
The mobile home industry had the highest injury and
illness incidence rate, 35.7 per 100 full-time workers




Text table 1. Industries with highest injury and illness
incidence rates, United States, 1976 and 1977
Incidence rates2
SIC
code1
2451
2429
2011
3493
334
3792
3261
3715
3462
3316
2439
3322
2086
2452
241
3732
3713
3441
2013

Industry
Mobile h o m e s .........................................
Special product sawmills, n.e.c...........
Meatpacking p la n ts ...............................
Steel springs, except w ire ...................
Secondary nonferrous m e ta ls .............
Travel trailers and cam pers.................
Vitreous plumbing fix tu re s ...................
Truck tra ile rs ...........................................
Iron and steel fo r g in g s .........................
C old finishing of steel shapes.............
Structural w ood members, n.e.c..........
Malleable iron fou ndrie s.......................
B ottled and canned soft d rin ks............
Prefabricated w ood b u ild in g s ..............
Logging camps and logging con trac­
tors ............................................................
Boat building and re p a irin g .................
Truck and bus b o d ie s ...........................
Fabricated structural m e ta l.................
Sausages and other prepared meats .

1976

1977

32.0
34.5
34.7
30.0
27.5
30.3
25.6
29.3
23.8
25.9

25.6
27.2

35.7
35.1
33.6
30.0
29.3
28.6
28.5
28.2
28.1
27.8
27.1
26.7
26.6
26.4

25.1
26.0
23.8
23.8
21.7

26.3
26.2
25.8
25.4
25.2

—
—

'Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual, 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses per 100
full-tim e workers. See appendix D.

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines,
n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

1

According to another measure of lost worktime—the
number of injuries and illnesses involving 15 or more
days away from work—the mining division continued
to experience the most severe lost workday cases. In
mining, 36 percent of the days-away-from-work cases
lasted 15 days or longer (text table 2). Although the
number of days-away-from-work cases increased in all
industry divisions, the percentage of these cases involv­
ing 15 or more days decreased in 6 of the 8 industry
divisions.
Among the 10 industries with the highest injury and
illness rate of lost workdays, the average proportion of
lost workday cases involving 15 or more days away
from work was 35 percent. The percentage of daysaway-from-work cases involving 15 days or more
ranged from 64 percent in water transportation services
to 24 percent in sanitary services (chart 6 ).
Although the greatest proportion of lost workday
cases occurred in middle-sized establishments, injuries
and illnesses resulting in 15 or more days away from
work were most common in the smallest and largest
establishments (chart 7).
In 1977 there were 36.1 million injuries and ill­
nesses involving lost worktime in the private sector—
up by 7 percent since 1976. Fifty percent of the increase
in lost workdays can be attributed to the manufacturing
industries—approximately 1.1 million days. The num­
ber of lost workdays increased in six industry divisions
and decreased in the finance, insurance, and real estate
and services industries.

one-fourth had a rate greater than or equal to 16.6. In
construction, the industry division with the highest
overall rate, about three-fourths of the establishments
had a rate less than or equal to 8 .6 . Chart 2 shows the
mean and the quartile rates for several industries with
the highest total case rates.
Chart 3 indicates that by incidence rate interval, the
average proportion of establishments in which virtually
no injuries or illnesses occurred varied inversely with
establishment size, while the average proportion of
establishments with rates between 0.1 and 9.9 varied
directly with establishment size. Middle-sized
establishments had the largest proportion of firms with
injury and illness incidence rates of 10.0 and above.
Number of injuries and illnesses

There were nearly 5.5 million job-related injuries
and illnesses in 1977—an increase of about 277,000 or
nearly 6 percent from the previous year (table 3).
Manufacturing industries accounted for a much larger
percentage of injuries and illnesses than of employ­
ment. Manufacturing and wholesale and retail trade in­
dustries accounted for about two-thirds of all private
sector injuries and illnesses.
Lost workday injuries and illnesses

Lost workday injuries and illnesses occurred at a
rate of 3.8 per 100 full-time workers in 1977—up
nearly 9 percent from 1976. Among industry divisions,
the rates ranged from 0.8 in finance, insurance, and
real estate to 6.0 in mining. The logging camps and log­
ging contractors industry experienced the highest rate
of lost workday cases among 3-digit industries (chart
4). The logging camps and logging contractors industry
had a mean rate of 15.4; however, one-half of the
establishments had a rate less than 0 .0 .
In 1977 there were approximately 2.2 million lost
workday cases in the private sector. The number of
cases increased in all industry divisions. The largest in­
crease was in services industries, up by about 18 per­
cent from 1976. As in previous years, the majority of
all lost workday injuries and illnesses occurred in
manufacturing industries, nearly 44 percent of all lost
workday injuries and illnesses.

Illnesses
Occupational illnesses include any abnormal condi­
tion or disorder, other than one resulting from an oc­
cupational injury, caused by exposure to environmental
factors associated with employment. The incidence of
occupational illnesses measured by the annual survey
refers to the number of new illness cases occurring dur­
ing a year, and does not measure continuing conditions
of illness reported in previous surveys. Cases are
recorded only in the year in which they are diagnosed
and recognized as work related.
Text table 2. Lost workday injuries and illnesses with 15 or
more days away from work as a percent of days away from work
cases, by industry division, United States, 1976 and 1977

Lost workdays due to injuries and illnesses

The 1977 lost workdays incidence rate increased
slightly—from 60.5 in 1976 to 61.5 in 1977. The rates
increased in 5 of the 8 industry divisions. The rates for
the agriculture, forestry, and fishing; finance, in­
surance, and real estate; and services industries
decreased by 3, 10, and 8 percent respectively. Among
3-digit industries, water transportation services ex­
perienced the highest rate of lost workdays (chart 5.)
The water transportation services rate of 473.0 injury
and illness lost workdays was more than 7 times the
rate of the private sector.



Percent
Industry division
1976
27.8

26.9

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing ...............................
Mining .............................................................................
Construction ..................................................................
Manufacturing ................................................................
Transportation and public u tilitie s .............................
W holesale and retail tra d e ...........................................
Finance, insurance, and real e s ta te ...........................
S e rv ic e s ..........................................................................

2

1977

Private s e c to r ................................................................

24.7
33.6
31.3
27.7
31.5
24.7
23.2
28.1

23.2
36.0
30.5
27.0
30.0
23.7
23.6
25.3

materials and garden supplies industry had the highest
average number of lost workdays per lost workday
case.
Skin diseases and disorders continued to account for
about 4 of every 10 illnesses recorded, largely because
they were more readily observable than other illnesses
(chart 8 ). Disorders associated with repeated trauma
caused the greatest loss of worktime. On the other
hand, dust diseases of the lungs had the highest average
number of lost workdays per lost workday case and the
smallest proportion of illnesses involving lost
worktime (table 7).

The recording and reporting of illnesses continue to
present some measurement problems since employers
(and even doctors) are often unable to recognize some
illnesses as being work related. The annual survey in­
cludes data on only current and visible illnesses of
workers; it does not include data on illnesses which
might surface later. To the extent that occupational ill­
nesses are unrecognized and therefore, unreported, the
survey estimates understate their occurrence.
Incidence rates

During 1977, the incidence rate of occupational ill­
nesses was 0.3 cases per 100 full-time workers, or about
3 cases per 1,000 employees. Illness rates ranged from
0.6 cases per 1,000 employees in the finance, insurance,
and real estate division to 7.4 cases per 1,000 in
agriculture, forestry, and fishing (table 4). Manufactur­
ing industries had the next highest illness rate—5.1
cases per 1,000 employees.
Of all occupational illnesses, skin diseases and dis­
orders continued to be the most frequently recorded,
with a rate of 1.2 cases per 1,000 full-time workers in
1977 (table 5); leather tanning and finishing had the
highest rate—19.5 cases per 1,000 full-time workers
(text table 3). Dust diseases of the lungs were the least
recorded occupational illness, with a rate of 3.5 cases
per 100,000 full-time workers.

Injuries
Occupational injuries included injuries caused by
work accidents or from exposure involving a single in­
cident in the work environment. These were recorded if
they resulted in death, worktime lost, medical treat­
ment other than minor first aid, loss of consciousness,
restriction of work or motion, transfer to another job,
or termination of employment.
Incidence rates

Occupational injuries occurred at a rate of 9.0
recorded cases per 100 full-time workers during 1977
(table 8 ); on the average, an injury occurred to 1 out of
every 12 workers in the private sector. About 40 per­
cent of the recorded cases were serious enough to re­
quire the injured employee to be restricted in work ac­
tivity or to take days off from work. Rates ranged from
15.2 in construction to 1.9 in finance, insurance, and
real estate.
The 1977 injury rate represented a slight increase—
about 1 percent—from the rate of 8.9 in 1976 (chart 9).

Number of illnesses

Occupational illnesses continued to account for a
relatively small proportion of total injury and illness
cases—about 3 percent. Occupational illnesses ac­
counted for approximately 162,000 cases in 1977—
down about 3 percent from 1976. The number of ill­
nesses decreased in six out of the eight industry divi­
sions. Manufacturing industries had a large proportion
of illness cases in relation to employment—nearly 60
percent of all illnesses and less than 30 percent of all
employment. In addition, the number of workdays lost
due to illness decreased—the number of days lost
dropped by nearly 590,000, or 40 percent from 1976.
The number of days lost dropped in five of the eight in­
dustry divisions. Firms engaged in transportation and
public utilities had the greatest proportion of illness
cases resulting in lost worktime (44 percent); wholesale
and retail trade industries had the least (around 30 per­
cent).
While manufacturing industries experienced the
largest number of illness-related cases, among major
groups the food and kindred products industry ex­
perienced the largest number of illnesses among 2 -digit
industries (table 6 ). Nearly 8 percent of the total num­
ber of illnesses occurred in the food and kindred prod­
ucts industry—approximately 12,700 cases. Of these,
nearly 5,500 involved lost worktime. Although the
food and kindred products industries experienced the
largest number of lost workday illnesses, the building



Text table 3. Industries with highest incidence rates of skin
diseases or disorders, United States, 1977
SIC
code’

Industry

Incidence
rates2

311
2016
2092
2879
385
2891
495
3291
3471
2091
3677
2842
2893
3691
3732
2017
3292
3421
285
2295

Leather tanning and finish in g .........................
Poultry dressing p la n ts ...................................
Fresh or frozen packaged fish.......................
A gricultural chemicals, n.e.c..........................
Ophthalmic g o o d s.............................................
Adhesives and sealants...................................
Sanitary s e r v ic e s .............................................
Abrasive p r o d u c ts ...........................................
Plating and p o lis h in g .......................................
Canned and cured s e a fo o d s .........................
E lectronic c o ils and tra n s fo rm e rs ...............
Polishes and sanitation g o o d s .....................
Printing i n k ........................................................
Storage b a tte rie s .............................................
Boat building and re p a irin g ...........................
Poultry and egg p rocessing...........................
Asbestos p ro d u c ts ...........................................
C u tle ry ................................................................
Paints and allied p r o d u c ts .............................
Coated fabrics, not ru bberize d.....................

19.5
16.6
16.1
10.9
10.6
9.6
9.1
8.8
8.7
8.3
8.2
8.0
7.8
7.6
7.6
7.5
7.5
7.5
7.3
6.9

'S tandard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual, 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number of skin diseases or disorders
per 1000 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.

NOTE: n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

3

Text table 4. Percent distribution of major industry groups (2-digit SIC) and related employment, by percent change in total
injury rate and lost workday injury rate, United States, 1976 to 1977
Total injury rate
Percent
change

Lost w orkday injury rate
Decrease

Increase

Increase

Decrease

Industry
groups

Employ­
ment

Industry
groups

Employ­
ment

Industry
groups

Employ­
ment

Industry
groups

T o t a l .................................................

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

1 5 ................. ..................................
6 1 1 .................................................
1 2 -1 7 ..............................................
1 8 -2 3 ..............................................
24 or m o r e ......................................

58.3
16.7
11.1
5.6
8.3

70.0
22.0
5.8
1.6
.6

70.8
16.7
4.2
8.3
—

83.6
8.9
1.5
6.0
—

30.8
42.3
15.4
3.8
7.7

28.9
45.6
19.6
2.8
3.1

60.0
10.0
—

Em ploy­
ment
1 0 0 .0 -^
34.9
1.5
—

20.0
10.0

54.3
9.3

NOTE: 7 industry groups showed no change in the total case rate; 5
showed no change in the lost w orkday case rate. Dashes indicate that no
industry groups were in this category.

from 10.6 to 9.0 injuries per 100 full-time workers (text
table 5). This decrease occurred primarily in the less
serious cases—those involving no loss of worktime—
which dropped by nearly 27 percent. However, the rate
for lost workday injuries rose 12 percent; the severity of
injuries as measured by the lost workday incidence rate
also increased by 17 percent, from 51.2 days lost per
100 full-time workers to 60.0 (chart 10).

This increase was primarily in cases involving lost
worktime, which rose from a rate of 3.4 to 3.7. Changes
in overall rates ranged from an increase of about 5 per­
cent in agriculture, forestry, and fishing to a decrease of
l percent in mining and transportation and public
utilities. Four industry divisions registered increases,
two divisions registered decreases, and two had no
change. The rate for the service-producing industries
(transportation and public utilities; wholesale and
retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and
services) rose 3 percent from 1976 to 1977—6.3 to 6.5.
This increase was attributable to the rise in rates in the
trade and services industries. The rate for the goodsproducing industries (agriculture, forestry, and fishing;
mining; construction; and manufacturing) also rose
from 1976 to 1977, but not as much—from l 2.8 to l 2.9
or by l percent.
The overall injury rate for manufacturing industries,
the largest industry division, did not change between
1976 and 1977. The rates for ten major industry groups
in manufacturing decreased from 1976 to 1977, seven
increased, and three did not change. Changes in rates
ranged from a decrease of 9 percent in tobacco
manufactures to an increase of around 5 percent in
stone, clay, and glass products. Over 80 percent of the
manufacturing industries which had changes in rates
had changes of less than 5 percent. Lumber and wood
products continued to have the highest injury rate—
22 .0 ; apparel and other textile products and instru­
ments and related products had the lowest—6.5.
Nearly 60 percent of the 36 industry groups ex­
periencing increases in overall rates, had increases of
less than 6 percent (text table 4). Increases ranged from
6 to 11 percent for approximately 40 percent of the in­
dustry groups based on lost workday injury rates. The
majority of the industry groups that recorded decreases
in both total case rates and lost workday cases had
decreases of less than 6 percent.

Incidence rates by establishment size

In the total private sector, lower injury rates were
experienced by workers in establishments with fewer
than 20 or with 2,500 or more employees (chart 1 1).
Establishments with 50 to 1,000 employees ex­
perienced higher injury rates in 1977, with the highest
rate occurring in those with 100 to 249 employees.
Rates for mining, construction, and transportation and
public utilities were highest in establishments with 50
to 99 employees (table 9). Injury rates in agriculture,
forestry, and fishing generally rose with establishment
size.
Between 1976 and 1977, incidence rates increased in
four employment-size groups, decreased in the largest
establishments ( 1,000 or more employees) and re­
mained the same in firms with 1 to 19 employees and
500 to 999 employees.
Text table 5. Occupational injury incidence rates, by extent of
case, United States, 1973-77
Incidence rates'

Year

1973
1974
1975
1976
1977

Nonfatal
injuries
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

10.6
10.0
8.8
8.9
9.0

3.3
3.4
3.2
3.4
3.7

7.3
6.6
5.6
5.5
5.3

51.2
53.1
54.6
57.8
60.0

'Incidence rate represents the number of injuries and lost w orkdays
per 100 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.

Incidence rate trends since 1973

NOTE: Separate injury detail for all of mining, except oil and gas ex­
traction, was not available for 1973. Data for 1975 and 1976 exclude farms
with fewer than 11 employees.

Between 1973 and 1977, the total case incidence
rate for all industries dropped by 15 percent—down



...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................
...........................

Total
injuries

Lost
workday
injuries

4

Number of injuries

Worktime Lost

During 1977, private sector workers experienced
nearly 5.3 million work-related injuries. About 3.1
million or 59 percent did not involve lost worktime.
The proportion of injuries involving either lost work­
days or fatalities rose 2 percentage points between 1976
and 1977 from 39 percent to 41 percent. The ratio in
1977 ranged between 40 and 56 percent of total injuries
in 5 of the 8 industry divisions. Only in construction,
manufacturing, and wholesale and retail trade was the
ratio less than 40 percent.
Nearly 45 percent of all injuries occurred in
manufacturing, which employed about 30 percent of all
employees in the private sector. On the other hand, the
finance, insurance, and real estate and services indus­
tries recorded 13 percent of the in juries while account­
ing for about the same number of workers as manufac­
turing.
The 1977 private sector level of nearly 5.3 million
injuries represents an increase of 6 percent from the 5.0
million injuries recorded for 1976. The increase of
about 300,000 cases was nearly proportionate to the
rise in hours worked between the 2 years. The number
of injuries for 1977 was about a half million less than
the 1973 estimate. This reduction came in a period
when the work force covered by the statistics rose by
nearly 4 million to a total of 67.9 million in 1977.

Two measures are currently used as estimates of
worktime lost: 1) Lost workday cases, which primarily
measure the occurrence of injuries, and 2 ) days lost,
which indicate the severity of the cases. Lost worktime
includes both days away from work and days o f restricted
work activity.
Lost workday cases involving days away from work in­
clude those cases which result in days away from work,
or a combination of days away from work and days of
restricted work activity. Lost workday cases involving
restricted work activity are cases resulting in restricted
work activity only—the employee reported to work but
could not perform all the duties of the job.
Lost workday injury cases

Incidence rates. Lost workday injuries occurred at a

rate of 3.7 per 100 full-time workers during 1977—up
9 percent from the previous year (table 10). The private
sector lost workday injury rates have varied little since
1973, when the rate was 3.4. The rate for injury cases
involving days away from work was 3.5, while the rate
for cases involving restricted work activity was only
0. 2.
Total lost workday injury rates ranged from 5.9 in
mining industries to 0.8 in finance, insurance, and real
estate. The greatest percentage change occurred in the
services industries—up nearly 16 percent from 1976.
Special product sawmills and logging camps and
logging contractors ranked first and second among the
20 industries with the highest lost workday injury rates
(text table 6 ). These two industries were also among the

Fatalities
The fatality data which follow cover only employers
with 11 or more employees because in 1977 the survey
sample was reduced by 85,000. The reduction, which
affects primarily employers with fewer than 1 1
employees, was in response to the Presidential directive
on reduction of the paperwork burden in survey opera­
tions. The sample reduction results in larger sampling
errors in the fatality data (statistically rare occur­
rences), making year-to-year comparisons for this
group of small employers of questionable reliability.
In 1977, about 4,760 fatalities were estimated to be
work related for employers with 1 1 or more employees.
The comparable figure in the previous year was 3,940,
thus, the estimate for 1977 represents an increase of ap­
proximately 20 percent. For employers with 1 1 or
more employees, the estimated numbers of fatalities in
1975, 1974, and 1973 were 4,570, 4,970, and 5,340,
respectively. The average number of fatalities for
employers with 10 or fewer employees for 1973-77
was 800. A figure for fatalities for all classes of
employees can be derived by adding the average of 800
fatalities to the estimate for employers with 1 1 or more
employees.




Text table 6. Industries with highest incidence rates of lost
workday injuries, United States, 1977
SIC
code1
2429
241
2451
2011
2439
3493
495
3261
3462
3259
334
2086
2077
2452
3321
3799
3322
3715
2448
2013

Industry

Incidence
rates2

Special product sawmills, n.e.c.....................
Logging camps and logging contractors
Mobile homes....................................................
M e a tp a c k in g pla n ts.........................................
Structural wood members, n.e.c....................
Steel springs, except w ire .............................
Sanitary s e r v ic e s .............................................
Vitreous plumbing fix tu re s .............................
Iron and steel fo r g in g s ...................................
Structural clay products, n.e.c.......................
Secondary nonferrous m e ta ls .......................
B ottled and canned soft d rin k s .....................
Animal and marine fats and o i l s ...................
Prefabricated w ood b u ild in g s .......................
Gray iron foundries...........................................
Transportation equipment, n.e.c....................
Malleable iron fo u n d rie s.................................
Truck tra ile r s ....................................................
W ood pallets and s k id s .................................
Sausages and other prepared m eats............

18.5
15.4
14.6
14.4
13.9
13.4
13.4
12.7
12.7
12.5
11.6
11.5
11 4
11.3
11.2
11.2
11.0
11.0
10.9
10.8

' Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual, 1972 Edition,
in c id e n c e rate represents the number o f lost w orkday injuries per 100
full-time workers. See appendix D.

NOTE: n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

5

Text table 8. Injuries involving days away from work and days
of restricted work activity only, as a percent of total lost workday
injuries, by employment size, United States, 1977______________

group of industries with the highest overall injury and
illness incidence rates. Fourteen of the industries with
the highest lost workday injury rates also ranked
among the 19 industries with the highest total case
rates.
Lost workday injury incidence rates have paralleled
the variation in total case rates by employment-size
group over the past several years. Employers with
fewer than 50 or more than 1,000 workers generally ex­
perienced the highest injury rates.

Employment size

100.0
41.9
21.1
12.2
10.4
9.2
2.3
1.5
1.4

100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0
100.0

97.7
98.7
98.9
97.6
96.7
94.1
89.4
74.9

2.3
1.3
1.1
2.4
3.3
5.9
10.6
25.1

to 1 9 .............................
to 4 9 .............................
to 9 9 .............................
to 2 4 9 ...........................
to 4 9 9 ...........................
to 9 9 9 ...........................
to 2 ,4 9 9 .......................
and o v e r.......................

Lost workdays due to injuries

relating the number of days lost to a common base of
exposure on the job. During 1977, the incidence rate of
lost workdays increased 4 percent over the previous
year—from 57.8 to 60.0 days lost per 100 full-time
workers. The rates ranged from 10.2 in finance, in­
surance, and real estate to l 28.3 in mining. Two indus­
try divisions indicated a decrease in lost workday
rates—agriculture, forestry, and fishing by 3 percent
and finance, insurance, and real estate by 7 percent.
Sixty percent of the 2-digit SIC industries ex­
perienced increases in the incidence rate of lost work­
days. In manufacturing, 13 out of the 20 industries
showed increases. Among 3-digit industries, water
transportation services registered the highest incidence
rate of lost workdays; the rate of 470.7 lost workdays in
1977 was 8 times the rate of the private sector (chart
14).
Number o f lost workdays. During 1977, approximately

35.2 million workdays were lost due to job-related in­
juries. This represents the loss of a full year’s work for
about 140,000 workers and a 8 percent increase from
the 32.5 million workdays lost in 1976. The number of
workdays lost increased in all industry divisions, with
the exception of finance, insurance, and real estate,
which declined 2 percent. The mining industry had the
greatest percentage change—up 20 percent.
There was an average of 16 lost workdays per lost
workday injury for the private sector in 1977. This
average measures the length of time (not counting the
day of injury) the employee was away from work or
could not perform all regularly assigned duties because
of a job-related injury. Average days lost ranged from

67 7
7.7
3.0
16.2
24
1.8
8
.4




4.9

Incidence rates. The incidence rate of lost workdays
provides an indication of the severity of injuries by

100.0

M a nufacturing............................................
W holesale and retail t r a d e .....................
S e rv ic e s ......................................................
Transportation and public u tilitie s ..........
C o n s tru c tio n ..............................................
M in in g ..........................................................
Agriculture, forestry, and fis h in g ...........
Finance, insurance, and real estate . . . .

95.1

percent of the cases in establishments with 2,500
employees and over (text table 8 ).

Injuries
involving
days of
restricted
work
activity
only

Private s e c to r............................................

100.0

1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Text table 7. Percent distribution of injuries involving days
away from work and days of restricted work activity only, by
industry division, United States, 1977

Industry division

Injuries
involving
days away
from w ork

Total, all s iz e s .......................

Number o f lost workday injury cases. The 1977 survey in­
dicated an increase in the number of lost workday in­
juries from approximately 1.9 million in 1976 to
around 2.1 million in 1977—an increase of 1 1 percent.
Among industry divisions the largest changes took
place in services—up by 22 percent—and construc­
tion—up by 17 percent (chart 10). Manufacturing in­
dustries accounted for nearly 43 percent of the total
number of lost workday cases and about 38 percent of
the increase in the number of cases in 1977.
Approximately 95 percent of all lost worktime in­
juries involved at least 1 full day away from work. The
remaining 5 percent involved restricted work activity
only. The proportion of cases involving days of
restricted work activity only ranged from slightly more
than 1 percent in services to nearly 8 percent in
manufacturing (chart 11). Manufacturing accounted
for over 40 percent of all private sector injuries involv­
ing days away from work and nearly 70 percent of all
injuries involving restricted work activity only (text ta­
ble 7). Wholesale and retail trade, the industry with the
second highest percentage of injuries causing days away
from work, had less than 8 percent of the cases involv­
ing only restricted work activity. The proportion of lost
worktime injuries involving only restricted work ac­
tivity generally varied directly with establishment size,
accounting for around 2 percent of all lost worktime
cases in the 1 to 19 employee-size group, and about 25

Injuries
involving
days away
from work

Injuries
involving
days of
re stricted
work
activity
only

Total
lost
workday
injuries

6

22 in mining industries to 13 in finance, insurance, and
real estate.
Comparison with time lost from work stoppages

During 1977, the percent of total worktime lost in
the private sector from job-related injuries and ill­
nesses was higher than the percent lost due to work
stoppages. Work stoppage data reflect the number of
workdays employees did not work because of a dispute
between labor and management which resulted in a
strike or lockout. Work-related injuries and illnesses
accounted for more days lost than work stoppages in
alternate years since 1973 (see text table 9).
Text table 9. Percent of worktime lost from job-related injuries
and illnesses, and percent of days of idleness from work
stoppages, private sector, United States, 1973-77
Year

Injuries
and
illnesses

Work
stoppages

1 9 7 3 ....................................................................
1 9 7 4 ...................................................................
1 9 7 5 ....................................................................
1 9 7 6 ....................................................................
1 9 7 7 ....................................................................

0.18
.19
.19
.20
.21

0.16
.28
.18
.23
.19

Safety training and medical examinations
Almost 2 out of 3 private sector employers had no
established safety and health training program.
However, those firms that did have programs employed
nearly 70 percent of the total private sector work force.
In three major industry groups—agriculture, forestry,
and fishing; manufacturing; and transportation and
public utilities—more than 50 percent of the employers
maintained some form of safety program. About 4 out
of 5 employees in manufacturing and transportation
and public utilities were covered. The smallest percent­
age of employees provided safety and health programs
were employed in finance, insurance, and real estate
where only l out of 3 employees worked where safety
training was available. The incidence rate of injuries
and illnesses in 1977 was higher for those establish­
ments which had safety and health programs than for
those that did not provide them— l l.l versus 5.1 cases
per 100 full-time workers (chart 15).
By employment size, both groups—those with no
safety program and those with an established one—ex­
hibited the same pattern in incidence rates (text table
10). The lowest rates occurred in both the smallest and
largest units while the highest rates were in the middle
employment level, the 100 to 249 employee group.
Over 40 percent of the employment in establishments
not providing safety training was reported in units hav­
ing fewer than 20 workers. On the other hand, about
two-thirds of the employees in firms providing safety




programs worked in units of 100 or more people.
There was an inverse relationship between the oc­
currence of occupational injuries and illnesses and the
degree of physical medical examinations provided by
employers in the industry as whole. Although approx­
imately 56 percent of all employees worked in units not
providing any type of medical examination, the rate of
occurrence of injuries and illnesses, 8 .0 , was much
lower for them than for the group working for
employers providing such examinations, l l .0 .
By industry division, almost 80 percent of the
employees in transportation and public utilities were
provided medical exams, yet the injury and illness rate
for this group, 9.8, exceeded the rate of 7.7 for the re•^mainder of the industry. Only in manufacturing, where
employers provided exams to 68 percent of their
employees, was the rate of occurrence of injuries and
illnesses lower for establishments providing medical
exams.
The larger the firm, the more likely that medical ex­
aminations will be provided to the employees. In the
smallest size group (l to 19 employees), only 10 per­
cent of the employees worked for companies providing
medical examinations, while in establishments which
employed 2,500 workers or more, 94 percent were pro­
vided coverage. In establishments having 250 people or
more, 80 percent of the workers were provided with
some type of employer-furnished medical examination.
Only in units with l ,000 to 2,499 workers was the inci­
dence rate less for firms which provided medical ex­
aminations than for those which did not.
Among the 10 industries with the highest injury and
illness incidence rates and the highest incidence rates of
lost workdays, two-thirds of the employees worked in
establishments providing medical examinations, and
virtually all employees were provided safety and health
training programs (text table l l ). Incidence rates were
generally higher in establishments providing these
services.
Text table 10. Provision of medical examinations and safety
training programs: Injury and illness incidence rates, by
employment size, United States, 1977
Medical
examinations

Safety
training

Employment size
Provided

Not
provided

Provided

Not
provided

Total, all s iz e s .......................

11.0

8.0

11 1

5.1

1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

7.4
1 1.8
15.0
14.3
13.4
10.9
8.8
7.1

3.7
8.4
10.9
12.3
11.7
10.3
10.0
6.9

6.4
11.4
14 3
14.5
13.7
11.2
9.1
7.2

2.6
5.8
7.7
8.8
7.5
6.7
5.5
3.9

to 1 9 .............................
to 4 9 .............................
to 9 9 .............................
to 2 4 9 ...........................
to 4 9 9 ...........................
to 9 9 9 ...........................
to 2 ,4 9 9 .......................
and o v e r.......................

NOTE: Incidence rate represents the number of injuries and illnesses
per 100 full-time workers. See appendix D.

7

Text table 11. Provision of medical examinations and safety training programs: Percent of employees and injury and illness incidence
rates in industries with the highest total case rates and the highest incidence rates of lost workdays, United States, 1977
Medical examinations
Industry

SIC
code1

Meat packing p la n ts .....................................................................

2011

B ottled and canned soft d r in k s ..................................................

Special product sawmills, n.e.c..................................................

Structural w ood m em bers............................................................

$
2439

23.5
32.7

26.6
29.4
23.3

100.0

26.6

83.5
16.5

28.0
19.9

35.1
25.8
37.2

100.0
67.1
32.9

35.1

14.6
85.4

35.7

100.0

35.7

32.4
37.9

88.1
11.9

36.7
31.0

28.5

100.0
98.7
1.3

28.5

28.9
21.6
29.3
30.4
1 7.0

100.0

29.3

94.8
5.2

29.4
25.6

100.0

28.1

100.0

28.1

90.6
9.4

26.8
41.0

96.5
3.5

v
27.8
36.6

100.0

30.0

100.0

30.0

74.2
25.8

3493

27.1
26.2
31.6

91.4
8.6
3462

100.0
73.4
26.6

100.0

334

27.1
25.0
28.2

93.4
6.6

Programs p r o v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ..............................................................

33.2
22.1

80.2
19.8

32 6
21.4

'Standard Industrial C lassificatio n Manual, 1972 Edition.
in c id e n c e rates represent the number of total injuries and illnesses per 100 full-tim e workers. See appendix D.




35.3
34.1

100.0

3261

Programs p r o v id e d ...................................................................
Programs not pro vid e d ..............................................................
Steel springs, except w i r e ..........................................................

25.0

83.6
16.4

35 8
64.2

Programs p r o v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not provided
Iron and steel fo rg in g s ..................................................................

100.0

100.0

2451

Programs p ro v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not pro vid e d ..............................................................
Secondary nonferrous m etals......................................................

25.0
25.2
24.3

30.1
69.9

Programs p ro v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ..............................................................
Vitreous plumbing fixtures............................................................

33.3
34.5

100.0

Programs p r o v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ..............................................................
Mobile ho m e s .................................................................................

33.6

86.6
13.4

100.0

2429

Programs p r o v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not pro vid e d ..............................................................

100.0

32.6
37.8

100.0
54.7
45.3

2086

33.6

62.0
38.0

Programs p ro v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ..............................................................

Incidence
rate2

100.0

2077

Percent
of
em ployees

77.0
23.0

Programs p ro v id e d ....................................................................
Programs not pro vid e d ..............................................................

Incidence
rate2

100.0

Programs p ro v id e d ...................................................................
Programs not p ro v id e d ..............................................................
Animal and marine fats and o ils ..................................................

Safety training programs

Percent
of
em ployees

8

28.6
17.0

Chart 1
INJURY AND ILLNESS incidence
rates by industry division, United
States, 1977

Industry

Private sector

Construction

Manufacturing

Agriculture, forestry,
and fishing

Mining

Transportation
and public utilities

Wholesale and
retail trade

Services

Finance, insurance,
and real estate

0




5.0

10.0

Incidence rate per 100 full-time workers

9

15.0

20.0

Chart 2
Mean and median distribution of
total INJURY AND ILLNESS inci­
dence rates for 11 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest total
case rates, United States, 1977

Industry

Wood buildings and
mobile homes (SIC 245)

Secondary nonferrous
metals (SIC 334)

Meat products
(SIC 201)

Logging camps and logging I n n
contractors (SIC 241)
■ '

Miscellaneous transportation J
equipment (SIC 379)

Sanitary services
(SIC 495)

0.0

Iron and steel
foundries (SIC 332)

Leather tanning and
finishing (SIC 311)

Beverages
(SIC 208)

Nonferrous foundries
(SIC 336)

Ship and boat building and
repairing (SIC 373)

40.0

30.0
20.0
10.0
Mean incidence rate




10.0
20.0
30.0
Median incidence rate

10

40.0

Chart 3

Percent distribution of private sec­
tor establishments by total INJURY
AND ILLNESS incidence rate in­
terval and employment-size group,
United States, 5-year average,

1973-77




11

Chart 4
Mean and median distribution of
lost workday INJURY AND ILLNESS
incidence rates for 10 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest lost
workday case rates, United States,
1977

Industry

Logging camps and logging
contractors (SIC 241)

Sanitary
services (SIC 495)

Secondary nonferrous
metals (SIC 334)

Wood buildings and
mobile homes (SIC 245)

Meat
products (SIC 201)

Leather tanning and
finishing (SIC 311)

Water transportation
services (SIC 446)

Iron and steel
foundries (SIC 332)

Ship and boat building
and repairing (SIC 373)

Tires and
inner tubes (SIC 301)

18.0

12.0

6.0

0.0

0.0

Mean incidence rate




6.0

12.0

Median incidence rate

12

18.0

Chart 5
Ranking of the 10 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest INJURY
AND ILLNESS incidence rate of
lost workdays, United States, 1977




13

Chart 6
Percent of days-away-from-work
INJURIES AND ILLNESSES involving
15 or more days to total days-awayfrom-work cases for the 10 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest INJURY
AND ILLNESS incidence rate of lost
workdays, United States, 1977

Percent of days-away-from-work
injuries and illnesses




tors

14

Chart 7
Percent distribution of days-awayfrom-work INJURIES AND
ILLNESSES, and percent of daysaway-from-work INJURIES AND
ILLNESSES involving 15 or more
days by employment-size group,
United States, 3-year average,
1975-1977




Percent of

15

Charts
Percent distribution of total
ILLNESSES by category of illness,
United States, 1977

Category of illness

Dust diseases
of the lungs

Poisoning

1.3

3.5

Respiratory conditions
due to toxic agents

Disorders
associated with
repeated trauma

Disorders due to
physical agents

Skin diseases or
disorders

All other illnesses




10

20

30

Percent of private sector illnesses

16

40

50

Chart 9
Percent change in total INJURY
incidence rates and lost workday
INJURY incidence rates by industry
division, United States, 1976 to
1977

Percent change

Private Agriculture,
sector forestry,
and fishing

Mining

Construetion

Manufacturing

1 Percent change in total injury

Whole­
sale
and
retail
trade

Finance,
insurance,
and real
estate

Percent change in lost workday
injury incidence rate

J incidence rate




Trans­
portation
and
public
utilities

17

Services

Chart 10
Occupational INJURY incidence
rates for total injuries, lost workday
injuries, and lost workdays, private
sector, United States, 1973-1977

Total injury
and lost
workday injury
incidence rates

Lost workday
incidence rate

NOTE: Incidence rates represent the number of total injuries, lost workday injuries,
or lost workdays per 100 full-time workers.




18

Chart 11
INJURY incidence rates by em­
ployment-size group, United States,

1977

Incidence rate per 100 full-time workers

20.0

1-19




20-49

50-99

100-249

250-499

500-999

Employment-size group

19

1,000-2,499

2,500
and over

Chart 12
Percent distribution of employ­
ment, lost workday INJURIES and
lost workdays from INJURIES by
industry division, United States,
1977

Percent of private sector




estate

20

Chart 13
Percent of lost workday INJURIES
involving days of restricted work
activity only, by industry division,
United States, 1976 and 1977




21

Chart 14
Ranking of the 10 3-digit SIC
industries with the highest INJURY
incidence rate of lost workdays,
United States, 1977

Private sector

50.( •

Water transportation
services (SIC 446)

47C 7
1

•

Logging camps
and logging
contractors (SIC 241)

■
.
:

2 7 .0

...........

Anthracite
mining (SIC 1 1 1 )

237.1

-

I

II
j1

Reclaimed rubber
(SIC 303)

237.( i

Sanitary
services (SIC 495)

>03.'
1

Ship and boat
building and
repairing (SIC 373)
Roofing and
sheet-metal
work (SIC 176)

19! 1.0
"' ~"1
195 i.5

1
181.Ji

Sawmills and
planing mills (SIC 242)
Secondary
nonferrous
metals (SIC 334)

1 : 8.1

Wood buildings
and mobile
homes (SIC 245)




17* .0

100.0

200.0

300.0

400.0

Lost workday incidence rate per 100 full-time workers

22

500.0

600.0

Chart 15
Provision of safety training programs
and medical examinations: INJURY
AND ILLNESS incidence rates by
industry division, United States, 1977

Incidence rate

Safety Training

Medical Examinations
20 —




23

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _4/

Industry 1 /

SIC
code
1/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
2/

Total
cases 5/

1976

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1977

1976

1977

1976

Lost
workdays

1977

1976

1977

Private sector j>/......................

67,871.0

9.2

9.3

3.5

3.8

5.7

5.5

60.5

61.6

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing j>/........

970.0

11.0

11.5

4.7

5.1

6.3

6.3

83.3

81.1

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

11.5
10.7
12.7
4.5

11.9
11.0
13.0
6.3

4.8
4.6
5.3
2.4

5.3
4.9
5.3
2.3

6.7
6.0
7.3
2.0

6.6
6.1
7.6
4.0

71.4
101.9
111.4
80.0

79.4
87.4
63.6
45.3

809.0

11.0

10.9

5.8

6.0

5.1

4.9

114.4

128.8

91.1
3.5
219.8
377.8
116.5

5.9
27.4
13.2
13.0
5.0

7.4
21.6
12.4
12.9
5.1

4.2
11.1
7.8
6.0
3.3

4.5
10.6
7.8
6.3
3.3

1.7
16.3
5.4
7.0
1.7

2.8
10.6
. 4‘5
6.5
1.8

77.1
229.2
134.0
136.2
49.8

83.9
237.6
167.1
143.7
58.0

3,833.0

15.3

15.5

5.5

5.9

9.8

9.6

105.0

111.5

Agricultural production 6/.................
Agricultural services.............. .......
Forestry...................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping.............

01-02
07
08
09

Mining 7/.... ................................
Metal mining 7/............................
Anthracite mining 7/.......................
Bituminous coal and lignite mining 7/......
Oil and gas extraction.....................
Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels J J ......

10
11
12
13
14

Construction................... .............

General building contractors...............
Residential building construction........
Operative builders.......................
Nonresidential building construction.....

15
152
153
154

1,096.6
573.2
75.4
448.1

14.5
11.3
9.5
18.7

15.0
12.9
12.8
17.9

5.2
4.8
3.3
6.1

5.7
5.6
4.7
6.0

9.2
6.5
6.2
12.6

9.3
7.3
8.1
11.9

100.0
92.6
42.2
117.2

100.2
98.9
54.2
109.7

Heavy construction contractors.............
Highway and street construction..........
Heavy construction, except highway.......

16
161
162

791.3
245.9
545.5

16.3
14.5
17.1

16.0
15.1
16.4

5.5
5.3
5.6

5.7
5.5
5.8

10.7
9.2
11.4

10.2
9.6
10.5

109.2
121.7
103.5

116.7
112.1
118.8

Special trade contractors..................
Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning...
Painting, paperhanging, and decorating....
Electrical work..........................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering.......
Carpentering and flooring................
Roofing and sheet-metal work....... ......
Concrete work............................
Water well drilling......................
Miscellaneous special trade contractors...

17
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

1,944.9
473.2
125.2
338.6
306.8
120.2
133.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

15.3
16.3
10.1
13.6
14.1
12.7
21.4
14.2
13.4
17.3

15.6
17.1
9.6
13.3
15.6
14.7
21.1
14.6
14.2
16.6

5.6
5.0
4.6
4.3
5.6
5.5
9.6
6.5
6.7
6.3

6.1
5.5
4.5
4.5
7.2
7.2
9.8
6.4
7.2
6.3

9.7
11.3
5.5
9.3
8.5
7.2
11.8
7.7
6.7
10.9

9.5
11.6
5.1
8.8
8.3
7.4
11.3
8.2
7.1
10.2

105.8
89.7
113.9
76.6
94.6
97.8
205.1
117.6
154.2
127.8

115.5
94.5
101.9
92.9
133.4
119.5
197.7
132.1
136.4
122.1

Manufacturing................... ............

19,647.0

13.2

13.1

4.8

5.1

8.3

8.0

79.5

82.3

Durable goods ..............................

11,573.0

14.1

14.0

5.1

5.4

9.0

8.6

84.1

86.4

722.0

22.1

22.3

9.7

10.4

12.3

11.9

167.3

178.0

Lumber and wood products...................

24

Logging camps and logging contractors....

241

85.1

25.1

26.3

14.0

15.4

10.9

10.7

' 287.1

329.9

Sawmills and planing mills...............
Sawmills and planing mills, general....
Hardwood dimension and flooring........
Special product sawmills, n.e.c........

242
2421
2426
2429

229.8
191.3
31.9
n.a.

22.2
22.1
20.5
34.5

21.1
21.0
19.7
35.1

10.3
10.4
8.6
18.6

10.1
10.3
7.7
18.7

11.7
11.6
11.8
15.8

10.9
10.6
12.0
16.3

179.7
185.6
130.6
256.4

184.1
192.7
117.8
278.2

Millwork, plywood, and structural members.
Millwork...............................
Wood kitchen cabinets..................
Hardwood veneer and plywood............
Softwood veneer and plywood............
Structural wood members, n.e.c.........

243
2431
2434
2435
2436
2439

204.8
74.4
43.8
26.0
46.5
n.a.

20.0
22.5
16.1
21.4
16.6

19.7
22.4
17.1
19.2
16.0
27.1

8.0
9.1
6.2
7.5
6.6

12.0
13.3
9.8
13.9
10.0
-

10.9
12.8
9.2
11.5
8.6
13.2

132.7
134.7
81.9
139.5
157.8

-

8.7
9.5
7.9
7.7
7.4
13.9

-

156.3
128.6
107.5
141.6
154.5
190.4

Wood containers..........................
Nailed wood boxes and shook............
Wood pallets and skids.................
Wood containers, n.e.c.................

244
2441
2448
2449

41.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

20.6
21.3
20.8
19.7

20.3
20.4
20.4
19.9

9.6
9.6
10.0
8.9

9.9
9.1
11.0
8.6

11.0
11.7
10.8
10.8

10.3
11.3
9.3
11.2

160.0
144.8
163.0
169.2

161.8
148.5
169.0
160.6

Wood buildings and mobile homes...... .
Mobile homes...........................
Prefabricated wood buildings...........

245
2451
2452

81.5
56.5
n.a.

30.6
32.0
27.2

32.9
35.7
26.4

11.5
12.1
10.1

13.7
14.7
11.4

19.0
19.9
17.1

19.2
21.0
15.0

159.9
176.3
121.5

175.3
192.8
134.2

Miscellaneous wood products..............
Wood preserving........................
Particleboard..........................
Wood products, n.e.c...................

249
2491
2492
2499

79.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17.3
19.2
17.3

19.6
21.3
16.6
19.5

6.7
7.2

10.6
12.0
10.3

11.7
12.6
10.5
11.6

112.9
144.0

6.9

7.9
8.6
6.0
7.9

140.7
161.5
101.0
139.6

25

462.8

16.9

17.2

6.0

6.0

10.9

11.2

94.5

92.0

Household furniture......................
Wood household furniture...............
Upholstered household furniture........
Metal household furniture..............
Mattresses and bedsprlngs..............
Wood TV and radio cabinets.............
Household furniture, n.e.c.............

251
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

314.8
139.8
96.8
30.2
32.2
n.a.
n.a.

16.1
15.4
15.1
18.2
18.4
18.0
20.3

16.2
15.8
15.4
18.3
18.1
15.7
17.1

5.7
5.5
4.9
6.7
7.1
6.0
8.8

5.5
5.1
5.0
6.7
7.3
6.0
5.8

10.4
9.9
10.2
11.5
11.3
11.9
11.5

10.6
10.7
10.4
11.6
10.7
9.7
11.3

93.1
95.1
75.5
104.0
119.7
94.0
135.7

86.1
87.1
73.3
101.3
103.7
82.9
97.8

Office furniture.............. ..........
Wood office furniture..................
Metal office furniture.................

252
2521
2522

41.5
n.a.
n.a.

17.5
15.2
18.8

20.5
18.9
21.4

6.0
5.5
6.3

7.2
6.8
7.4

11.5
9.7
12.5

13.3
12.1
13.9

98.9
89.3
104.3

113.4
106.2
117.2

Public building and related furniture....•

253

23.3

19.2

18.8

6.5

7.5

12.7

11.3

91.9

109.3

Partitions and fixtures..................
Wood partitions and fixtures.... .......
Metal partitions and fixtures..........

254
2541
2542

58.3
n.a.
n.a.

21.4
19.2
23.9

18.5
15.9
21.4

8.0
7.1
9.0

6.8
5.8
7.8

13.4
12.1
14.9

11.7
10.0
13.6

108.5
108.9
108.1

98.1
88.9
108.7

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures.....
Drapery hardware and blinds and shades..
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c..........

259
2591
2599

24.9
n.a.
n.a.

14.2
10.7
18.9

20.2
17.1
24.3

4.9
3.9
6.2

6.9
5.5
8.7

9.3
6.8
12.7

13.3
11.6
15.5

76.8
64.9
92.8

99.0
91/2
109.2

Furniture and fixtures.....................

See footnotes at end of table.




24

-

-

-

106.7

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4 /
^

SIC
Industry 1/
° ° 2 /e

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases J5/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1976

Stone, clay, and glass products..... •......

32

1977

1976

1977

668.3

16.1

16.9

6.4

6.9

21.3

17.8

19.4

4.4

4.7

1976

Lost
workdays

1977

1976

1977

9.7

9.9

114.1

120.4

13.4

14.7

89.2

98.1

Flat glass...............................

321

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown....
Glass containers.......................
Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c.........

322
3221
3229

134.5
76.5
58.0

14.5
17.1
11.1

15.0
16.6
12.9

6.1
8.0
3.6

6.8
8.6
4.4

8.4
9.1
7.5

8.2
8.0
8.5

113.4
150.0
66.0

136.2
182.4
75.0

Products of purchased glass..............
Cement, hydraulic........................

323
324

43.1
30.6

18.3
13.3

19.9
11.7

6.1
3.2

6.7
4.2

12.2
10.3

13.2
7.5

73.1
91.3

104.0
105.2

Structural clay products.................
Brick and structural clay tile.........
Ceramic wall and floor tile............
Clay refractories................ .....
Structural clay products, n.e.c........

325
3251
3253
3255
3259

50.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

17.6
19.6
13.4
14.2
22.8

18.1
20.7
12.6
14.7
24.4

7.6
8.6
5.0
5.7
11.4

8.2
9.2
5.3
6.6
12.7

10.0
11.0
8.4
8.5
11.4

9.9
11.5
7.3
8.1
11.7

118.9
125.1
79.1
113.2
162.4

134.1
149.1
90.2
113.9
189.2

Pottery and related products.............
Vitreous plumbing fixtures.............
Vitreous china food utensils...........
Fine earthenware food utensils.........
Porcelain electrical supplies..........
Pottery products, n.e.c................

326
3261
3262
3263
3264
3269

46.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

16.5
25.6
13.0
11.8
13.3
15.6

16.4
28.5
8.3
13.6
12.2
13.8

6.9
12.3
6.4
6.9
4.9
5.0

7.4
13.5
5.7
7.7
5.1
5.1

9.6
13.3
6.5
4.9
8.3
10.6

8.9
15.0
2.6
5.9
7.1
8.7

123.1
209.3
132.0
155.4
101.7
68.9

114.8
185.6
128.6
108.7
99.9
70.2

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products....
Concrete block and brick...............
Concrete products, n.e.c...............
Ready-mixed concrete...................
Gypsum products............... ........

327
3271
3272
3273
3275

195.9
22.7
67.3
85.8
n.a.

16.7
16.8
21.4
15.2
6.4

18.4
18.6
24.5
15.9
7.2

7.1
8.1
9.1
6.4
1.7

7.7
8.3
10.3
6.6
2.2

9.6
8.7
12.3
8.8
4.7

10.6
10.3
14.1
9.3
5.0

131.4
151.7
144.7
129.3
44.9

127.1
138.8
159.5
111.9
48.2

Cut stone and stone products.............

328

n.a.

15.3

16.6

7.3

7.4

8.0

9.2

91.4

93.8

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products.............................
Abrasive products......................
Asbestos products......................
Gaskets, packing, and sealing devices...
Minerals, ground or treated............
Mineral wool...........................
Nonclay refractories...................

329
3291
3292
3293
3295
3296
3297

134.3
26.2
21.6
n.a.
n.a.
28.8
n.a.

15.8
19.1
16.5
15.0
17.0
12.3
18.1

15.9
20.5
15.9
15.2
15.9
11.8
19.4

6.0
6.8
6.2
4.9
6.5
5.7
7.6

6.3
7.1
7.1
5.5
5.8
5.1
9.5

9.7
12.3
10.3
10.1
10.5
6.5
10.5

9.6
13.4
8.8
9.6
10.0
6.7
9.9

107.9
106.0
123.4
81.6
123.4
102.4
153.5

106.6
105.4
158.7
85.1
97.0
87.3
158.2

Primary metal industries................. ;.

1,179.3

16.6

16.2

6.3

6.8

10.3

9.4

114.8

119.4

Blast furnace and basic steel products....
Blast furnaces and steel mills.........
Electrometallurgical products..........
Steel wire and related products........
Cold finishing of steel shapes.........
Steel pipe and tubes...................

331
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

552.6
469.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
29.4

12.2
10.6
14.0
19.2
25.9
23.7

12.2
10.4
14.7
22.4
27.8
22.0

4.1
3.3
4.9
9.5
8.4
10.0

4.6
3.8
5.5
10.5
10.3
9.1

8.1
7.3
9.1
9.7
17.5
13.7

7.6
6.6
9.2
11.9
17.4
12.9

86.7
76.9
95.0
144.5
168.6
152.3

94.3
84.4
106.6
165.1
178.1
142.1

Iron and steel foundries.................
Gray iron foundries....................
Malleable iron foundries...............
Steel investment foundries.............

332
3321
3322
3324
3325

231.1
146.6
21.7
n.a.
53.2

26.9
26.9

10.7
10.6

11.1
16.9

13.5
13.6
15.4
10.0
13.0

173.0
160.1

7.2
11.5

10.9
11.4
11.2
5.8
10.3

16.1
16.3

18.3
28.4

24.4
25.0
26.7
15.8
23.4

116.9
220.4

164.0
162.0
179.1
60.5
180.9

Primary nonferrous metals................
Primary copper.........................
Primary lead...........................
Primary zinc...........................
Primary aluminum.......................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c.......

333
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

64.8
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
32.3
n.a.

14.4
12.6
22.0
21.5
12.2
18.0

12.5
11.4
18.4
14.9
11.6
13.8

5.6
5.4
4.7
9.1
4.6
7.1

5.2
5.8
5.8
7.2
4.6
5.3

8.8
7.2
17.3
12.4
7.5
10.9

7.3
5.6
12.6
7.6
7.0
8.5

126.7
144.9
105.5
192.1
104.3
141.4

113.9
155.7
139.8
175.9
96.1
79.8

33

-

-

-

-

Secondary nonferrous metals..............

334

n.a.

27.5

29.3

12.9

13.8

14.6

15.4

226.5

218.6

Nonferrous rolling and drawing...........
Copper rolling and drawing.............
Aluminum sheet, plate, and foil........
Aluminum extruded products.............
Aluminum rolling and drawing, n.e.c....
Nonferrous rolling and drawing, n.e.c...
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating..

335
3351
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357

199.1
31.3
32.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
82.0

13.7
17.1
13.3
15.0
11.0
12.7

14.2
17.7
11.4
14.7
10.9
13.2
14.2

5.1
6.8
4.0
6.0
3.9
4.9

5.8
6.7
4.4
6.4
3.7
4.5
6.2

8.6
10.3
9.3
9.0

96.9
123.6
83.4
120.0

7.1
7.8

8.4
11.0
6.9
8.3
7.2
8.7
8.0

70.6
89.3

102.6
123.7
71.6
118.1
63.4
79.1
108.5

Nonferrous foundries.....................
Aluminum foundries.....................
Brass, bronze, and copper foundries....
Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c............

336
3361
3362
3369

89.2
49.3
n.a.
n.a.

22.8
23.4
23.6
20.8

22.6
22.8
23.9
21.0

9.6
9.3
9.7
10.1

10.4
10.8
10.7
9.3

13.2
14.1
13.9
10.7

12.2
12.0
13.2
11.7

148.8
132.0
156.3
183.0

166.2
171.6
173.3
147.2

Miscellaneous primary metal products.....
Metal heat treating....................
Primary metal products, n.e.c..........

339
3398
3399

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

20.6
22.2
18.7

20.5
21.8
19.0

8.7
9.6
7.5

9.2
9.8
8.5

11.9
12.6
11.2

11.3
11.9
10.5

124.7
137.3
109.2

155.5
140.0
174.4

1,576.6

18.9

19.1

6.8

7.2

12.0

11.9

109.8

109.0

Metal cans and shipping containers..... .
Metal cans.............................
Metal barrels, drums, and palls........

341
3411
3412

77.5
64.2
n.a.

19.9
19.3
23.3

18.7
18.0
22.1

6.3
6.1
7.2

6.5
6.3
7.9

13.6
13.1
16.1

12.2
11.7
14.2

115.5
112.0
133.9

116.1
109.2
151.2

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware........
Cutlery................................
Hand and edge tools, n.e.c.............
Hand saws and saw blades...............
Hardware, n.e.c........................

342
3421
3423
3425
3429

176.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
103.0

16.9
13.2
19.9
21.8
15.6

16.0
13.3
19.0
19.3
14.8

6.2
4.1
7.8
8.3
5.6

6.0
4.3
6.9
6.3
5.8

10.7
9.1
12.0
13.5
10.0

10.0
9.0
12.1
13.0
9.0

102.2
59.1
118.9
107.6
100.5

91.9
65.2
99.2
87.2
93.0

Fabricated metal products..................

34

-

See footnotes at end of table.




25

Table 1 Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases J>/

Uf

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Plumbing and heating, except electric....
Metal sanitary ware................. *..
Plumbing fittings and brass goods......
Heating equipment, except electric.....

343
3431
3432
3433

68.4
n.a.
25.5
32.0

18.7
22.3
15.9
19.7

20.2
22.4
14.9
23.6

6.6
8.1
5.7
6.8

7.4
8.5
6.2
8.1

12.1
14.2
10.2
12.9

12.7
13.8
8.7
15.5

99.0
93.8
88.8
108.8

109.1
108.3
92.9
122.6

Fabricated structural metal products.....
Fabricated structural metal............
Metal doors, sash, and trim............
Fabricated plate work..................
Sheet-metal work.......................
Architectural metal work............. *.
Prefabricated metal buildings..........
Miscellaneous metal work..... .........

344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448
3449

472.8
97.5
78.1
140.9
94.2
31.0
n.a.
n.a.

22.1
23.8
22.0
21.9
21.7
19.5
20.7

8.2
10.1
7.3
8.2
6.9
8.0
7.9

-

13.8
14.5
15.5
11.8
15.0
14.7
12.5
12.7

131.3
162.9
113.9
130.1
107.6
137.3
128.8

-

8.6
10.8
8.6
7.5
8.6
7.4
7.6
8.3

13.9
13.7
14.7
13.7
14.7
11.5
12.8

-

22.4
25.4
24.1
19.4
23.6
22.1
20.1
21.0

-

127.6
160.4
120.8
110.5
136.5
108.3
106.1
131.5

Screw machine products, bolts, etc.......
Screw machine products.................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers.......

345
3451
3452

100.4
47.0
53.9

15.8
15.2
16.4

16.5
15.9
17.1

4.9
4.2
5.4

5.4
5.0
5.7

10.9
11.0
10.9

11.1
10.9
11.3

73.8
58.1
87.5

83.9
73.8
92.6

Metal forgings and stampings.............
Iron and steel forgings................
Nonferrous forgings....................
Automotive stampings...................
Crowns and closures....................
Metal stampings, n.e.c.................

346
3462
346 3
3465
3466
3469

289.3
49.7
n.a.
110.0
n.a.
118.6

18.2
23.8
14.3
19.8
19.1

18.4
28.1
11.3
13.3
14.6
19.9

6.6
10.8
4.9
7.3
6.4

7.1
12.9
4.4
5.0
6.9
7.0

11.5
13.0
9.4
12.5
12.7

11.2
15.1
6.9
8.2
7.7
12.9

111.6
195.9
75.4
309.9
97.7

113.9
212.6
72.5
72.7
167.5
113.5

Plating and polishing..................
Metal coating and allied services......

347
3471
3479

93.4
64.9
28.5

17.2
16.7
18.3

17.8
16.6
20.5

6.6
6.5
6.9

7.2
6.9
8.0

10.6
10.2
11.4

10.5
9.7
12.5

98.6
97.3
101.5

99.1
92.6
113.9

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c..........
Small arms ammunition..................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c..........................
Small arms.............................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c........

348
3482

57.6
n.a.

10.2
3.9

8.6
5.0

3.6
1.4

3.3
1.9

6.6
2.5

5.2
3.1

68.0
34.9

57.2
37.6

3483
3484
3489

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

12.8
10.5

8.9
9.1
11.4

4.4
4.1

3.2
4.2
4.2

8.4
6.4
-

5.7
4.8
7.2

91.0
66.5

-

-

59.6
64.9
62.6

Miscellaneous fabricated metal products..>
Steel springs, except wire.............
Valves and pipe fittings...............
Wire springs...........................
Miscellaneous fabricated wire products..
Metal foil and leaf....................
Fabricated pipe and fittings...........
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c.......

349
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499

240.7
n.a.
95.8
n.a.
47.9
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

18.3
18.2
15.6
18.8
18.6
21.8
16.7

19.8
30.0
18.6
18.4
21.5
19.7
21.1
18.6

6.5
6.6
4.3
7.1
6.4
7.4

7.3
13.5
6.8
5.8
8.3
7.6
7.5
6.4

11.8
11.6
11.3
11.7
12.2
14.4
11.2

12.5
16.5
11.8
12.6
13.2
12.1
13.6
12.1

101.1
99.7
71.7
110.4
111.8
112.2
90.9

104.4
179.3
91.6
95.7
135.5
126.5
103.0
86.7

2,179.4

14.2

14.0

Machinery, except electrical...............

-

5 .5

4.6

4.7

9.6

9.3

Engines and turbines.....................
Turbines and turbine generator sets....
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c.....

351
3511
3519

124.9
44.6
80.3

12.3
10.1
13.6

12.2
10.2
13.3

3.6
3.0
3.9

4.2
3.5
4.6

8.7
7.0
9.7

8.0
6.7
8.7

Farm and garden machinery................
Farm machinery and equipment...........
Lawn and garden equipment..............

352
3523
3524

167.4
150.2
n.a.

19.8
20.3
16.2

18.2
18.2
17.6

7.1
7.4
4.6

6.6

6.7
5.7

12.7
12.9
11.5

Construction and related machinery.......
Construction machinery...... ..........
Mining machinery.......................
Oil field machinery....................
Elevators and moving stairways.........
Conveyors and conveying equipment......
Hoists, cranes, and monorails..........
Industrial trucks and tractors.........

353
3531
3532
3533
35 34
3535
3536
3537

352.4
156.0
33.8
69.0
n.a.
29.0
33.2

17.4
16.6
21.1
19.1
12.8
18.2
18.3
13.9

17.1
16.3
20.1
16.5
15.5
18.7
20.5
15.9

6.5
6.0
7.2
8.4
3.3
6.2
6.7
4.7

6.3
7.5
7.0
5.1
6.7
7.5
6.1

Metalworking machinery...................
Machine tools, metal cutting types.....
Machine tools, metal forming types.....
Special dies, tools, jigs, and fixtures.
Machine tool accessories...............
Power driven hand tools................
Rolling mill machinery.................

354
3541
3542
3544
3545
3546
3547

323.7
64.5
23.0
122.9
58.7
31.9
n.a.

13.4
12.9
15.8
13.5
12.7
11.4
15.1

14.1
13.6
14.9
14.0
13.6
13.9
13.5

3.6
3.7
4.8
3.4
3.2
2.9
4.5

Special industry machinery...............
Food products machinery................
Textile machinery......................
Woodworking machinery..................
Paper industries machinery.............
Printing trades machinery..............
Special Industry machinery, n.e.c......

355
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

190.4
43.6
30.6
n.a.
n.a.
31.8
n.a.

16.9
18.8
13.2
20.5
20.9
15.4
16.4

15.4
16.2
12.0
17.1
18.0
13.5
16.3

General industrial machinery.............
Pumps and pumping equipment............
Ball and roller bearings...............
Air and gas compressors..... ..........
Blowers and fans.......................
Speed changers, drives, and gears......
Industrial furnaces and ovens..........
Power transmission equipment, n.e.c....
General Industrial machinery, n.e.c....

356
3561
3562
3563
3564
3566
3567
3568
3569

294.7
59.4
55.6
27.7
35.8
24.2
n.a.
21.8
n.a.

14.8
17.8
10.7
12.1
18.7
15.5
16.4
13.9
15.0

Office and computing machines............
Typewriters..... .......................
Electronic computing equipment.........
Scales and balances, except laboratory..
Office machines, n.e.c.................

357
3572
3573
3576
3579

313.0
n.a.
239.5
n.a.
n.a.

4.6
3.7
4.0
8.0

35

See footnotes at end of table.




26

70.6

69.9

66.2
49.3
76.5

70.9
51.3
82.4

11.5
11.5
11.9

92.6
93.4
85.8

89.2
90.4
79.7

10.9
10.6
13.9
10.6
9.5
12.0
11.6
9.2

10.5
10.0
12.6
9.4
10.4
11.9
13.0
9.8

99.9
88.3
114.3
127.3
69.3
91.6
109.6
87.5

96.9
90.2
109.1
105.9
94.2
78.8
130.1
93.7

4.0
4.1
4.5
3.9
4.1
3.5
4.1

9.8
9.2
10.9
10.1
9.5
8.5
10.5

10.1
9.5
10.3
10.1
9.5
10.4
9.4

58.7
63.1
68.3
55.3
55.4
48.4
73.5

62.7
69.4
61.2
61.5
59.4
50.4
92.8

4.8
6.0
3.3
5.6
5.9
3.9
4.9

4.8
5.4
3.9
5.4
5.2
4.1
5.1

12.0
12.7
9.9
14.9
15.0
11.4
11.5

10.5
10.7
8.1
11.7
12.8
9.4
11.2

74.3
78.4
55.9
97.9
105.8
60.7
74.3

74.5
82.1
68.7
87.0
87.7
59.2
73.0

15.3
17.7
10.6
13.3
18.1
18.8
17.9
14.3
15.0

4.7
5.7
3.7
4.0
6.5
4.7
4.5
4.6
4.3

5.1
6.5
3.9
4.3
5.8
5.7
5.2
5.3
4.7

10.1
12.0
7.0
8.1
12.2
10.8
11.9
9.2
10.6

10.2
11.2
6.7
9.0
12.3
13.1
12.6
9.0
10.3

75.0
84.0
65.0
78.8
103.2
76.4
68.3
65.7
60.1

73.7
86.8
58.7
78.0
79.0
84.9
80.5
79.0
62.3

4.7
3.9
3.9
13.5
8.8

1.8
1.6
1.7
2.5

1.8
1.8
1.6
3.3
2.8

2.8
2.1
2.3
-

2.8
2.1
2.3
10.2
6.0

29.5
26.9
28.4
34.8

27.1
33.2
23.7
50.7
34.3

6.6

5 .5

'

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

SIC
Industry _1/
2/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Nonfatal
Total
cases 5^/

Lost
workday
cases

without
lost
workdays

workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Refrigeration and service machinery......
Automatic merchandising machines.......
Commercial laundry equipment...........
Refrigeration and heating equipment....
Measuring and dispensing pumps.... .
Service industry machinery, n.e.c......

358
3581
3582
3585
3586
3589

171.1
n.a.
n.a.
119.4
n.a.
n.a.

16.5
16.2
21.3
16.3
13.7
17.4

16.4
22.5
19.8
15.4
19.3
17.2

5.0
5.3
5.7
5.0
3.9
4.8

5.3
6.9
5.4
5.1
6.1
5.2

11.5
10.9
15.6
11.3
9.8
12.5

11.1
15.5
14.4
10.3
13.2
12.0

81.5
82.9
84.5
87.1
61.8
66.2

77.0
86.8
79.7
76.6
108.3
69.6

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical...........................
Carburetors, pistons, rings, valves....
Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c....

359
3592
3599

241.9
36.0
205.9

15.4
13.6
15.7

15.5
13.6
15.8

4.9
5.1
4.9

5.1
5.3
5.1

10.5
8.5
10.8

10.4
8.3
10.7

68.3
82.3
66.1

69.8
78.8
68.2

Electric and electronic equipment..........

36

1,868.3

8.5

8.6

2.8

3.0

5.7

5.6

44.9

46.7

Electric distributing equipment..........
Transformers...........................
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus....

361
3612
3613

118.7
54.1
64.6

10.8
11.4
10.3

11.6
13.2
10.2

3.1
3.5
2.9

3.6
4.3
3.0

7.6
7.9
7.4

8.0
8.9
7.2

50.6
54.5
47.5

51.9
61.9
43.5

Electrical industrial apparatus..........
Motors and generators..................
Industrial controls....................
Welding apparatus, electric............
Carbon and graphite products...........
Electrical industrial apparatus, n.e.c..

362
3621
3622
3623
3624
3629

231.4
125.3
63.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.6
11.0
9.6
14.3
9.3
-

10.5
11.1
9.0
14.3
8.0
8.9

3.4
3.6
2.6
4.7
4.5

7.2
7.3
6.9
9.6
4.8

6.9
7.2
5.9
9.9
4.4
6.3

55.3
58.5
39.8
62.9
102.3

-

3.6
3.9
3.0
4.4
3.6
2.6

58.3
66.5
42.0
62.7
72.3
34.7

Household appliances.....................
Household cooking equipment............
Household refrigerators and freezers....
Household laundry equipment............
Electric housewares and fans...........
Household vacuum cleaners..............
Sewing machines........................
Household appliances, n.e.c............

363
3631
3632
36 33
3634
3635
3636
3639

180.3
n.a.
44.7
22.3
52.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

13.2
19.1
10.5
12.2
8.3
8.0
24.2

13.6
19.7
10.3
12.7
13.0
7.6
11.5
23.2

3.9
5.8
2.9
3.8
3.0
2.1
7.8

4.4
6.9
3.1
3.8
4.2
3.4
1.9
8.3

9.3
13.3
7.6
8.4
5.3
5.9
16.3

9.2
12.8
7.2
8.9
8.8
4.2
9.6
14.9

57.6
92.7
39.6
58.2
62.9
27.5
122.0

62.1
111.7
44.2
39.1
52.3
64.2
43.3
116.7

Electic lighting and wiring equipment....
Electric lamps.........................
Current-carrying wiring devices........
Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices.....
Residential lighting fixtures..........
Commercial lighting fixtures...........
Vehicular lighting equipment............

364
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647

204.8
38.0
82.0
23.3
23.7
n.a.
n.a.

11.9
7.5
10.3
21.6
15.0
18.1
6.3

11.1
5.9
10.0
20.1
13.7
19.2
5.9

3.9
1.9
3.0
8.5
5.1
6.8
2.0

3.7
1.6
3.1
8.6
4.2
5.9
1.9

8.0
5.6
7.3
13.1
9.9
11.3
4.3

7.4
4.3
6.9
11.5
9.5
13.3
4.0

66.4
40.3
52.5
124.1
89.6
125.0
34.5

61.6
31.1
53.8
124.0
70.2
103.0
33.2

Radio and TV receiving equipment.........
Radio and TV receiving sets............
Phonograph records.....................

365
3651
3652

124.4
97.9
n.a.

8.2
8.0
9.1

8.8
9.1
7.6

2.9
2.6
3.9

3.1
3.0
3.4

5.3
5.4
5.2

5.6
6.0
4.2

43.3
39.1
60.6

47.2
45.2
54.9

Communication equipment..................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus......
Radio and TV communication equipment....

366
3661
3662

460.8
146.8
313.9

4.5
5.6
4.0

4.7
5.9
4.2

1.5
2.0
1.3

1.8
2.6
1.5

3.0
3.6
2.7

2.9
3.3
2.7

26.4
41.8
20.2

30.6
45.3
24.1

Electronic components and accessories....
Electron tubes, receiving type.........
Cathode ray television picture tubes....
Electron tubes, transmitting...........
Semiconductors and related devices.....
Electronic capacitors..................
Electronic resistors...................
Electronic coils and transformers......
Electronic components, n.e.c...........

367
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3679

398.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
145.7
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
154.6

6.8
3.6
5.2
5.0
7.1
9.8
10.5
7.4

7.2
2.8
9.0
7.9
5.3
6.5
9.5
11.2
8.4

2.1
.8

4.7
2.8
3.3
3.2
5.1
6.7
7.6
5.2

4.8
1.3
4.4
5.8
3.3
4.5
6.3
8.2
5.9

34.6
23.8

1.9
1.8
2.0
3.1
2.8
2.2

2.4
1.5
4.6
2.1
1.9
2.0
3.2
2.9
2.5

38.5
31.7
40.0
54.7
42.1
26.6

34.9
24.5
88.2
30.4
30.8
36.1
53.3
29.4
33.2

369
3691
3693
3694

149.7
26.5
n.a.
7A.3

10.7 22.9
6.0
8.2

10.0
21.4
5.7
7.8

4.2
10.8
1.8
3.0

4.1
10.6
1.8
3.1

6.4
12.0
4.1
5.2

5.8
10.8
3.9
4.7

66.1
180.5
30.4
43.7

66.7
187.5
24.1
46.5
50.5

Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
supplies.............................
Storage batteries......................
X-ray apparatus and tubes..............
Engine electrical equipment............
Electrical equipment and
supplies, n.e.c......................
Transportation equipment...................

3699
37

-

-

n.a.

9.4

8.6

3.7

3.4

5.7

5.2

63.3

1,862.5

12.4

11.8

4.7

5.0

7.7

6.8

73.8

79.3

Motor vehicles and equipment........... .
Motor vehicles and car bodies..........
Truck and bus bodies...................
Motor vehicle parts and accessories....
Truck trailers.........................

371
3711
3713
3714
3715

938.0
439.8
47.5
424.3
26.4

12.4
10.0
23.8
13.0
29.3

11.5
9.4
25.8
11.3
28.2

4.5
3.6
8.8
4.8
10.4

4.9
4.2
9.7
4.7
11.2

7.9
6.4
15.0
8.2
18.9

6.6
5.2
16.1
6.6
17.0

63.5
47.0
113.2
70.9
160.6

70.3
54.6
140.3
73.6
164.4

Aircraft and parts.......................
Aircraf t...............................
Aircraft engines and engine parts......
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c..............

372
3721
3724
3728

482.8
274.9
120.4
87.5

6.2
5.0
5.8
10.7

6.0
4.6
6.1
10.1

2.1
1.6
2.4
3.2

2.2
1.6
2.5
3.4

4.1
3.4
3.4
7.4

3.8
2.9
3.6
6.7

34.9
28.4
38.6
51.7

35.5
29.0
39.8
49.7

Ship and boat building and repairing.....
Ship building and repairing............
Boat building and repairing............

373
3731
3732

222.3
174.3
48.0

23.9
23.3
26.0

22.6
21.7
26.2

10.9
11.1
9.9

10.8
11.0
9.9

13.0
12.2
16.1

11.8
10.6
16.3

195.2
208.9
146.3

203.3
219.0
144.3

Railroad equipment.......................
Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts.........

374
375

54.2
n.a.

18.1
15.2

19.7
15.6

6.9
5.0

7.8
4.9

11.2
10.2

11.9
10.7

146.9
79.5

162.1
76.9

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and
parts................................
Guided missiles and space vehicles.....
Space propulsion units and parts.......

376
3761
3764

80.4
62.1
n.a.

3.5
3.1
~

3.0
2.7
4.9

1.3
1.2
"

1.1
1.1
1.5

2.2
1.8
-

1.8
1.6
3.4

19.0
17.5
“

20.4
19.6
27.3

Miscellaneous transportation equipment....
Travel trailers and campers............
Tanks and tank components..............
Transportation equipment, n.e.c........

379
3792
3795
3799

67.6
47.0
n.a.
n.a.

27.6
30.3
15.7
24.1

25.9
28.6
13.9
24.6

9.5
10.0
5.7
10.0

10.1
10.5
6.1
11.4

18.1
20.3
10.0
14.1

15.8
18.1
7.8
13.2

117.1
122.3
73.8
125.7

130.0
141.9
69.5
130.2

See footnotes at end of table.




27

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers jf/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases 5/

1976

Instruments and related products...........

38

1977

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1976

1977

1976

Lost
workdays

1977

1976

1977

614.9

7.2

7.0

2.4

2.4

4.8

4.6

36.7

Engineering and scientific instruments....

381

63.6

6.1

6.2

2.1

2.0

4.0

4.2

32.8

31.2

Measuring and controlling devices.... .
Environmental controls.................
Process control Instruments............
Fluid meters and counting devices......
Instruments to measure electricity.....
Measuring and controlling

382
3822
3823
3824
3825

196.8
47.0
45.4
n.a.
70.5

7.9
9.4
8.2
10.8
5.7

7.6
9.0
7.4
11.3
6.0

2.5
3.2
2.2
3.3
2.1

2.5
3.1
2.4
3.6
2.1

5.4
6.2
6.0
7.5
3.7

5.1
5.8
5.0
7.7
3.9

40.1
58.4
33.2
47.2
30.9

41.6
58.8
39.9
52.4
32.2

37.4

3829

n.a.

9.1

8.3

2.7

2.3

6.3

6.0

39.6

31.6

Optical instruments and lenses.......... .

383

25.7

5.8

6.5

1.6

2.5

4.2

4.0

28.6

46.0

Medical instruments and supplies.........
Surgical and medical instruments.......
Surgical appliances and supplies.......
Dental equipment and supplies......... .

384
3841
3842
384 3

128.7
50.7
60.9
n.a.

7.9
7.0
8.0
9.7

7.6
7.3
7.5
9.1

2.5
2.3
2.6
2.8

2.5
2.2
2.7
2.7

5.4
4.7
5.4
6.9

. 5.1
5.1
4.8
6.4

41.2
42.7
42.3
33.2

36.4
29.0
41.9
38.7

Ophthalmic goods.........................
Photographic equipment and supplies......
Watches, clocks, and watchcases..........

385
386
387

41.1
129.5
29.6

7.2
6.4
7.0

8.0
6.0
5.5

2.8
2.1
2.2

3.2
2.2
1.9

4.4
4.2
4.8

4.8
3.8
3.6

39.1
31.4
32.6

35.6
34.9
32.1

39

438.8

11.7

11.5

4.0

4.0

7.7

7.5

59.4

58.7

59.7
38.6
n.a.

6.6
4.8
12.0

6.1
4.6
9.9

2.3
1.5
5.3

2.2
1.4
5.0

4.2
3.3
6.7

3.8
3.2
4.9

38.2
21.0
98.4

32.9
17.2
86.6

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.....
Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware.....
Jewelry, precious metal................
Silverware and plated ware.............

391
3911
3914

Musical instruments......................

393

23.6

13.2

13.8

4.8

5.0

8.4

8.8

61.3

72.6

Toys and sporting goods..................
Dolls..................................
Games, toys, and children's vehicles....
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c.....

394
3942
3944
3949

120.2
n.a.
n.a.
63.3

14.0

13.8
7.8
12.8
15.4

5.1

5.0
3.5
5.1
5.2

8.9

8.7
4.3
7.7
10.1

74.1

70.9
44.3
78.8
68.2

Pens, pencils, office and art supplies....
Pens and mechanical pencils............
Lead pencils and art goods.............
Marking devices........................
Carbon paper and inked ribbons.........

395
3951
3952
3953
3955

34.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

10.3
7.5
12.5
7.8

3.8
3.2
4.5
1.7

54.1
46.7
62.1
22.1

-

10.4
8.1
14.4
7.4
13.7

Costume jewelry and notions..............
Costume jewelry........................
Buttons................................
Needles, pins, and fasteners...........

396
3961
3963
3964

62.5
33.6
n.a.
n.a.

8.5
6.7
8.9
10.5

8.1
6.4
7.6
10.4

Miscellaneous manufactures...............
Brooms and brushes.....................
Signs and advertising displays.........
Burial caskets.................. ......
Hard surface floor coverings...........
Manufacturing industries, n.e.c........

399
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

138.2
n.a.
47.1
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

13.3
13.4
14.6
16.5
11.4
11.6

8,074.0
1,703.3

Nondurable goods ...........................
Food and kindred products..................

20

-

14.0
15.1

-

5.6
5.1

-

8.4
10.0

-

83.4
72.8

6.6
4.3
8.0
6.1

-

3.9
3.0
5.7
2.2
5.8

-

6.4
5.0
8.6
5.2
7.9

-

58.3
47.7
71.2
32.1
103.2

2.6
2.1
2.7
3.1

2.6
2.3
2.3
3.0

5.9
4.5
6.2
7.4

5.5
4.1
5.3
7.4

42.5
34.6
29.0
54.2

40.4
34.4
30.3
50.4

13.3
14.5
14.3
16.3
12.0
11.5

4.2
4.4
4.8
4.8
4.2
3.4

4.4
5.2
4.5
4.5
5.3
3.9

9.1
8.9
9.8
11.7
7.2
8.2

8.9
9.2
9.8
11.7
6.7
7.6

63.6
68.3
80.9
59.5
74.9
46.5

65.5
89.3
64.8
74.8
67.2
55.3

11.8

11.8

4.4

4.7

7.4

7.1

72.8

76.3

19.3

19.5

8.0

8.5

11.3

11.0

123.8

130.1

Meat products............................
Meatpacking plants.....................
Sausages and other prepared meats......
Poultry dressing plants................
Poultry and egg processing....... .

201
2011
2013
2016
2017

352.7
172.4
69.3
97.3
n.a.

28.6
34.7
21.7
23.1
20.3

28.8
33.6
25.2
23.6
20.6

12.3
15.8
9.5
8.4
7.6

12.8
15.6
11.2
9.4
8.1

16.3
18.9
12.2
14.6
12.7

16.0
18.0
14.0
14.2
12.5

165.5
200.3
140.6
123.9
112.0

171.1
202.3
147.5
137.0
115.4

Dairy products...........................
Cheese, natural and processed..........
Condensed and evaporated milk..........
Ice cream and frozen desserts..........
Fluid milk.............................

202
2022
2023
2024
2026

189.5
31.1
n.a.
n.a.
122.8

14.8
13.7

6.0
5.5

16.5
15.3

15.1
13.7
12.3
16.7
15.4

7.0
6.2

6.5
5.9
5.4
7.1
6.7

8.8
8.2
9.5
9.1

8.6
7.7
6.9
9.6
8.7

106.0
92.7
100.6
115.2

114.4
87.5
93.7
120.5
122.1

Preserved fruits and vegetables..........
Canned specialties.....................
Canned fruits and vegetables...........
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, soups....
Pickles, sauces, and salad dressings....
Frozen fruits and vegetables...........
Frozen specialties.....................

203
2032
2033
2034
2035
2037
2038

245.3
27.1
101.1
n.a.
n.a.
45.6
n.a.

17.6
12.1
19.6
16.9
15.8
20.2
14.2

17.3
12.9
18.0
18.1
17.3
20.5
13.9

7.2
5.3
7.7
7.3
5.9
8.6
6.0

7.4
5.4
7.2
8.7
7.9
9.2
6.2

10.4
6.8
11.8
9.5
9.9
11.6
8.2

9.9
7.5
10.8
9.4
9.3
11.2
7.6

120.5
93.8
123.5
119.9
116.0
138.9
113.5

122.7
103.7
113.7
140.4
112.8
164.6
103.3

Grain mill products......................
Flour and other grain mill products....
Cereal breakfast foods........... ......
Rice milling...........................
Blended and prepared flour.............
Wet corn milling.......................
Dog, cat, and other pet food...........

204
2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

142.3
24.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
59.0

15.4
14.8
15.5
20.7
16.4
10.2
18.0
15.4

14.9
15.3
16.5
18.3
15.0
10.4
17.7
14.2

6.6
6.2
5.6
9.4
7.1
4.7
7.9
6.9

6.5
6.9
7.1
9.1
6.8
5.5
7.3
5.9

8.7
8.6
9.9
11.3
9.3
5.5
10.0
8.5

8.4
8.4
9.4
9.1
8.2
4.9
10.4
8.3

114.8
117.9
114.9
218.2
123.9
92.7
142.4
100.0

115.2
126.1
148.5
175.6
127.6
85.8
126.7
96.5

Bakery products..........................
Bread, cake, and related products......
Cookies and crackers...................

205
2051
2052

233.7
193.3
40.5

13.6
13.7
13.1

14.2
14.4
13.3

5.7
5.7
5.3

6.3
6.4
5.7

7.9
8.0
7.8

7.9
7.9
7.6

102.2
99.1
117.1

114.9
113.7
121.0

-

See footnotes at end of table.




28

-

____

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers

Industry _ /
1

SIC
code
2/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
2/

Total
cases _5/

U_!

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

6.6
9.7
6.4
12.5
5.1

8.6
12.5
6.7
10.7
6.7

5.8

6.6
8.7
5.5
11.1
5.9
4.1
6.2

9.1

8.3
11.1
7.3
10.2
7.6
7.0
9.6

105.3
119.3
135.3
141.8
81.2
181.2

105.2
129.6
107.7
133.1
95.3
76.9
127.8

Sugar and confectionery products.^.......
Raw cane sugar.........................
Cane sugar refining....................
Beet sugar.............................
Confectionery products.................
Chocolate and cocoa products...........
Chewing gum............................

206
2061
2062
2063
2065
2066
2067

110.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
56.4
n.a.
n.a.

15.3
22.2
13.2
23.2
12.7
15.0

15.0
20.0
12.8
21.3
13.5
11.1
15.8

Fats and oils............................
Cottonseed oil mills...................
Soybean oil mills......................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c.............
Animal and marine fats and oils........
Shortening and cooking oils............

207
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

41.4
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

20.9
20.3
15.5
15.2
27.1
20.7

21.9
20.3
17.5
15.6
25.0
23.5

8.0
7.7
4.7
5.5
13.2
6.5

9.1
8.6
6.7
6.6
11.7
8.7

12.8
12.4
10.8
9.6
13.8
14.2

12.8
11.7
10.8
8.9
13.3
14.7

133.8
161.5
90.0
177.8
181.7
102.4

139.9
161.4
131.3
122.3
165.8
107.7

Beverages.............................. .
Malt beverages.........................
Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits......
Distilled liquor, except brandy........
Bottled and canned soft drinks.........
Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c....

208
2082
2084
2085
2086
2087

227.3
50.6
n.a.
n.a.
133.3
n.a.

23.1
23.3
18.6
16.1
25.6
8.5

22.7
19.2
19.1
16.0
26.6
7.8

9.1
7.5
8.9
6.2
10.6
3.6

9.3
6.1
9.5
6.2
11.5
3.4

14.0
15.8
9.6
9.9
15.0
4.9

13.3
13.1
9.5
9.8
15.0
4.4

125.8
129.4
130.4
111.2
132.0
52.5

129.C
116.8
110.9
117.8
143.4
47.1

Miscellaneous foods and kindred products..
Canned and cured seafoods..............
Fresh or frozen packaged fish..........
Roasted coffee.........................
Macaroni and spaghetti.................
Food preparations, n.e.c...............

209
2091
2092
2095
2098
2099

160.6
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

15.9
17.7
17.7
13.2
17.9
15.2

16.8
20.7
21.7
13.7
17.0
14.8

6.7
7.6
7.8
5.0
8.0
6.2

7.6
8.8
9.6
6.8
7.0
6.7

9.2
10.0
9.9
8.1
9.9
9.0

9.2
11.9
12.1
6.9
10.0
8.1

106.4
123.7
111.8
95.6
144.8
92.9

120.6
145.2
113.7
142.5
166.9
107.1

21

74.1

10.0

9.1

4.1

3.8

5.9

5.3

62.5

66.7

211
212
213
214

49.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

9.0
6.4
14.7
15.4

7.4
9.0
12.1
15.0

4.3
2.3
4.5
4.8

3.9
2.7
3.2
5.0

4.7
4.1
10.2
10.6

3.5
6.3
8.9
10.0

67.3
39.3
79.3
58.4

73.9
44.8
54.4
61.0

Tobacco manufactures.......................
Cigarettes...............................
Cigars...................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco..............
Tobacco stemming and redrying............

-

-

-

22

913.6

10.5

10.2

2.7

2.9

7.7

7.3

55.5

57.4

Weaving mills, synthetics................
Weaving and finishing mills, wool........
Narrow fabric mills......................

222
223
224

125.8
20.8
25.3

8.9
11.7
10.5

8.1
12.9
10.6

1.8
4.3
3.4

1.9
5.4
3.3

7.1
7.4
7.0

6.2
7.5
7.3

45.6
90.4
55.6

45.4
97.2
58.0

Knitting mills...........................
Women's hosiery, except socks..........
Hosiery, n.e.c.........................
Knit outerwear mills...................
Knit underwear mills...................
Circular knit fabric mills.............
Warp knit fabric mills.................
Knitting mills, n.e.c..................

225
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
2258
2259

234.5
28.4
34.3
74.7
34.9
36.7
n.a.
n.a.

8.2
4.5
5.8
6.8
8.7
11.9
12.7
13.6

7.8
4.4
5.4
6.5
9.0
11.4
10.4
13.0

2.6
1.5
1.9
2.1
3.0
3.8
3.7
4.9

2.6
1.6
2.0
2.1
3.1
4.1
2.7
5.9

5.6
3.0
3.9
4.7
5.7
8.0
9.0
8.7

5.1
2.8
3.3
4.4
5.9
7.3
7.7
7.1

41.8
16.9
26.4
37.6
46.0
66.9
53.5
81.9

40.2
22.2
25.1
34.3
36.3
71.1
45.1
92.1

Textile finishing, except wool...........
Finishing plants, cotton...............
Finishing plants, synthetics.......... .
Finishing plants, n.e.c................

226
2261
2262
2269

80.9
33.2
30.3
n.a.

13.4
13.2
13.4
14.1

13.0
11.8
14.3
13.2

4.1
3.8
3.8
4.9

4.5
4.1
5.0
4.1

9.3
9.4
9.6
9.1

8.5
7.7
9.3
9.1

83.8
99.1
66.0
86.5

79.3
82.4
78.6
74.4

Floor covering mills................ .
Woven carpets and rugs.................
Tufted carpets and rugs................

227
2271
2272

60.0
n.a.
n.a.

12.0
11.5
12.2

12.7
12.6
12.9

3.1
1.9
3.3

3.4
2.9
3.5

8.9
9.6
8.9

9.3
9.7
9.3

64.0
49.5
67.0

76.0
56.3
80.6

Yarn and thread mills....................
Yarn mills, except wool................
Throwing and winding mills.............
Wool yarn mills........................

228
2281
2282
2283

133.5
87.2
22.8
n.a.

11.9
11.8
11.3
14.1

12.0
12.2
11.2
13.2

2.9
2.7
2.8
4.2

2.8
2.6
2.8
5.0

9.0
9.1
8.5
9.9

9.2
9.6
8.4
8.2

58.3
60.5
49.9
72.8

56.9
59.0
42.5
83.5

Miscellaneous textile goods..............
Felt goods, except woven felts and hats.
Paddings and upholstery filling........
Processed textile waste................
Coated fabrics, not rubberized.........
Nonwoven fabrics.......................
Cordage and twine......................

229
2291
2293
2294
2295
2297
2298
2299

71.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

15.4
25.1
17.6
15.7
17.2
16.9
16.9
-

14.3
18.9
19.3
13.0
15.8
16.3
14.7
14.0

5.2
6.8
8.6
5.3
5.8
4.2
5.7

10.2
18.3
9.0
10.4
11.3
12.7
11.2

8.7
11.7
10.4
7.2
8.9
10.5
9.4
9.0

99.5
136.1
138.4
116.6
125.7
97.0
77.2

-

5.6
7.1
8.9
5.8
6.9
5.8
5.3
4.9

“

105.2
136.5
154.1
84.0
136.3
116.4
90.0
95.9

1,312.3

6.7

6.7

1.9

2.0

4.8

4.7

31.0

31.7

90.3

6.4

6.5

2.3

2.4

4.1

4.1

44.9

36.8

2.6
1.7
2.4
.7
2.4
3.9
2.2

5.6
4.6
4.7
2.7
5.7
6.8
6.0

5.7
4.2
5.1
2.3
5.2
7.8
6.2

35.3
23.5
35.9
9.9
40.9
51.9
25.8

39.7
24.4
37.5
15.5
36.9
66.2
30.1

1.2

3.6
3.3
2.7
4.8

3.5
3.2
2.4
4.6

21.3
17.7
15.0
29.2

21.3
19.4
11.4
28.8

Textile mill products......................

Apparel and other textile products.........

23

Men's and boys' suits and coats..........

231

Men's and boys' furnishings..............
Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear....
Men's and boys' underwear..............
Men's and boys' neckwear...............
Men's and boys' separate trousers......
Men's and boys' work clothing..........
Men's and boys' clothing, n.e.c........

232
2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

373.8
106.2
n.a.
n.a.
88.2
97.1
n.a.

8.0
6.3
7.1
3.6
8.2
10.2
8.1

8.3
6.0
7.5
3.0
7.6
11.7
8.5

2.4
1.6
2.4
.8
2.5
3.4
2.1

Women's and misses' outerwear............
Women's and misses' blouses and waists..
Women's and misses' dresses............
Women's and misses' outerwear, n.e.c....

233
2331
2335
2339

423.7
55.9
162.0
139.1

4.8
4.2
3.5
6.6

4.7
4.2
3.2
6.2

1.2
.9
.8
1.8

See footnotes at end of table.




29

1.0
.8
1.6

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1977
annua1
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases J>/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
canes

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Women's and children's undergarments.....
Women's and children's underwear.......
Brassieres and allied garments.........

234
2341
2342

95.4
74.7
20.7

6.2
6.1
6.6

5.8
6.1
4.6

1.5
1.4
1.6

1.5
1.6
1.2

4.7
4.6
5.0

4.3
4.5
3.4

23.4
22.3
26.9

21.4
22.0
19.5

Hats, caps, and millinery................
Hats and caps, except millinery........

235
2352

n.a.
n.a.

7.4
7.7

6.8
7.4

2.3
2.5

2.0
2.2

5.0
5.2

4.7
5.2

31.9
31.9

32.6
34.3

Children's outerwear.....................
Children's dresses and blouses.........
Children's coats and suits.............
Children's outerwear, n.e.c............

236
2361
2363
2369

69.0
26.7
n.a.
n.a.

6.3
6.0
6.2
6.7

5.8
5.7
5.4
6.1

1.6
1.1
1.4
2.0

1.6
1.3
1.5
1.9

4.7
4.9
4.8
4.7

4.2
4.4
3.9
4.1

20.2
13.5
21.6
25.0

23.5
16.3
20.6
30.0

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories....
Fabric dress and work gloves...........
Robes and dressing gowns...............
Waterproof outergarments...............
Apparel belts..........................
Apparel and accessories, n.e.c.........

238
2381
2384
2385
2387
2389

61.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

6.1
5.8
5.9
6.2
8.3
4.6

6.1
6.4
5.8
6.2
7.6
4.5

1.9
2.5
1.3
1.6
2.3
1.4

2.0
2.5
1.9
1.8
2.1
1.4

4.2
3.3
4.6
4.6
6.0
3.2

4.1
3.9
3.8
4.4
5.5
3.1

30.1
44.5
18.7
25.6
35.3
23.8

32.1
42.8
32.4
29.5
32.3
23.3

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products.............................
Curtains and draperies.................
House furnishings, n.e.c...............
Textile bags...........................
Canvas and related products............
Pleating and stitching.................
Automotive and apparel trimmings.......
Schlffli machine embroideries..........
Fabricated textile products, n.e.c.....

239
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2399

179.9
29.3
48.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
33.9
n.a.
n.a.

9.3
10.1

2.9
2.8
3.7
1.8
3.1
1.9
3.1

2.8
2.2
2.8
4.7
3.9
1.9
2.6
2.7
3.0

6.4
7.3
6.9
2.2
6.0
4.4
6.2

5.9
4.9
7.1
9.3
6.9
2.8
4.8
6.3
6.8

47.4

10.6
4.0
9.1
6.3
9.4

8.7
7.1
9.9
14.0
10.9
4.7
7.4
9.0
9.8

68.3
31.5
45.8
37.2
42.9

44.9
38.8
44.1
68.8
45.2
29.5
57.8
32.5
38.0

Paper and allied products..................

-

-

-

46.9
-

26

692.9

13.7

13.6

4.7

5.0

9.0

8.5

94.8

101.6

Pulp mills...............................
Paper mills, except building paper.......
Paperboard mills.........................

261
262
263

n.a.
178.1
66.3

14.0
11.3
12.6

13.1
10.6
13.6

3.0
3.8
3.9

3.3
4.1
5.0

11.0
7.5
8.6

9.7
6.5
8.6

74.4
96.2
90.7

87.4
107.0
111.5

Miscellaneous converted paper products....
Paper coating and glazing..............
Envelopes..............................
Bags, except textile bags..............
Die-cut paper and board................
Pressed and molded pulp goods..........
Sanitary paper products................
Stationery products....................
Converted paper products, n.e.c........

264
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

208.9
54.4
23.6
47.3
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

14.1
15.2
15.5
14.4
11.3
15.2
9.3
19.0
14.1

13.9
12.6
16.8
15.9
12.7
16.2
9.7
16.7
14.0

5.1
5.3
6.2
5.2
4.3
6.5
2.8
7.8
5.1

5.2
4.5
6.7
5.6
5.3
7.9
3.1
6.4
5.3

8.9
9.9
9.3
9.2
7.0
8.7
6.4
11.2
9.0

8.7
8.1
10.1
10.3
7.4
8.3
6.6
10.3
8.7

86.7
88.2
97.1
96.6
62.6
127.2
53.7
107.8
86.3

88.5
73.8
107.0
100.8
68.2
137.2
59.6
105.3
104.7

Paperboard containers and boxes..........
Folding paperboard boxes...............
Set-up paperboard boxes................
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes.......
Sanitary food containers...............
Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products.............................

265
2651
2652
2653
2654

210.4
41.9
n.a.
104.6
31.5

15.9
14.8
12.5
18.3
10.5

15.9
14.4
13.4
18.1
11.2

5.4
5.1
4.4
6.1
3.8

5.9
5.1
5.2
6.7
4.4

10.5
9.7
8.1
12.2
6.7

10.0
9.3
8.1
11.4
6.8

99.4
84.9
74.5
114.7
72.6

105.1
90.7
82.1
122.0
81.6

2655

n.a.

15.8

16.2

5.3

5.8

10.5

10.4

106.6

97.3

Building paper and board mills...........

266

n.a.

16.2

13.6

6.2

5.8

9.9

7.8

182.5

144.7

1,137.9

6.8

6.8

2.6

2.7

4.2

4.1

40.3

41.7

395.2
74.6

5.5
3.1

5.3
2.6

2.3
1.1

2.3
1.0

3.2
1.9

3.0
1.6

38.2
16.8

42.1
13.2

99.2
68.5
30.6

7.6
4.8
13.6

7.2
4.8
12.4

2.6
1.7
4.6

2.6
1.7
4.3

5.0
3.1
9.0

4.6
3.0
8.0

37.7
26.0
63.0

34.6
20.9
63.0

Printing and publishing....................

27

Newspapers...............................
Periodicals..............................

271
272

Books....................................
Book publishing........................
Book printing..........................

273
2731
2732

Miscellaneous publishing.................

274

43.6

3.6

3.4

1.3

1.6

2.3

1.8

26.5

32.8

Commercial printing......................
Commercial printing, letterpress.......
Commercial printing, lithographic......
Engraving and plate printing...........
Commercial printing, gravure..... ......

275
2751
2752
2753
2754

364.2
159.2
183.1
n.a.
n.a.

8.5
8.1
8.3
7.2
19.0

8.4
7.5
8.6
7.7
17.9

3.2
3.2
3.0
2.3
8.8

3.2
3.0
3.1
2.8
9.0

5.3
4.9
5.3
4.8
10.2

5.2
4.5
5.5
4.9
8.9

49.5
50.9
45.3
26.8
128.6

47.4
46.1
44.5
45.3
117.1

Manifold business forms..................
Greeting card publishing.................

276
277

42.1
n.a.

11.5
5.6

11.3
7.1

4.2
2.3

4.7
2.7

7.3
3.3

6.6
4.4

58.5
26.9

69.8
37.4

Blankbooks and bookbinding...............
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders.......
Bookbinding and related work...........

278
2782
2789

57.7
n.a.
n.a.

9.7
9.4
10.1

11.0
10.3
12.0

3.4
3.3
3.6

4.3
4.0
4.7

6.2
6.0
6.5

6.7
6.3
7.3

50.0
47.4
53.8

55.2
47.7
66.5

Printing trade services..................
Typesetting............................
Photoengraving.........................

279
2791
2793

38.8
n.a.
n.a.

2.9
-

2.9
1.8
4.4

.8
-

.9
.6
1.3

2.1
-

2.0
1.2
3.1

10.3
-

-

13.8
9.6
28.4

Chemicals and allied products........ .....

28

-

-

1,071.3

8.2

8.0

3.1

3.1

5.1

4.9

50.6

51.4

Industrial inorganic chemicals...........
Alkalies and chlorine..................
Industrial gases.......................
Inorganic pigments.....................
Industrial Inorganic chemicals, n.e.c.••

281
2812
2813
2816
2819

161.2
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
104.8

7.1
5.7
7.4
12.0
6.7

6.7
5.1
7.6
11.1
6.3

2.7
2.3
2.7
5.2
2.5

2.6
2.3
2.9
4.7
2.3

4.4
3.4
4.7
6.8
4.2

4.1
2.8
4.7
6.4
4.0

54.0
50.1
44.8
111.3
49.3

53.8
56.5
56.2
101.1
46.8

Plastics materials and synthetics........
Plastics materials and resins..........
Synthetic rubber.......................
Cellulosic man-made fibers.............
Organic fibers, noncellulosic..........

282
2821
2822
2823
2824

213.9
82.7
n.a.
n.a.
96.4

5.9
8.6
3.8
3.4

5.9
9.3
10.0
3.3
2.8

2.3
3.5
1.3
1.1

2.1
3.5
4.5
.9
.9

3.6
5.1

3.7
5.8
5.5
2.4
1.9

40.3
64.4

37.5
54.1
67.b
19.1
21.7

See footnotes at end of table.




30

-

2.4
2.3

-

25.8
19.0

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 4/

Industry I f

SIC
code

2/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases J /

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Drugs....................................
Biological products....................
Medicinals and botanicals..............
Pharmaceutical preparations....... .

283
2831
2833
2834

180.2
n.a.
n.a.
143.8

6.6
5.9
7.9
6.6

6.3
5.5
7.5
6.3

2.7
2.3
3.6
2.6

2.7
2.3
3.0
2.7

3.9
3.6
4.3
3.9

3.6
3.2
4.5
3.5

38.5
41.4
55.7
36.1

39.3
40.7
44.6
38.5

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods.........
Soap and other detergents..............
Polishes and sanitation goods..........
Surface active agents..................
Toilet preparations....................

284
2841
2842
2843
2844

129.6
40.0
n.a.
n.a.
53.3

9.7
9.1
11.3
13.8
8.8

10.0
10.0
11.9
14.6
8.3

2.9
3.9
4.7
4.8
3.3

3.9
4.3
3.8
6.0
3.4

5.8
5.2
6.6
9.0
5.5

6.1
5.7
8.1
8.6
4.9

61.1
62.8
58.4
97.0
56.8

58.1
67.4
57.0
64.2
50.6

Paints and allied products...............

285

66.2

13.9

13.7

5.3

5.3

8.7

8.4

67.3

73.1

Industrial organic chemicals.............
Gum and wood chemicals.................
Cyclic crudes and intermediates........
Industrial organic chemicals, n.e.c....

286
2861
2865
2869

165.7
n.a.
35.6
n.a.

8.3
14.0
9.5

3.2
6.6
3.3
-

2.6
5.3
3.6
2.2

5.1
7.4
6.2
-

4.0
6.0
5.8
3.3

47.5
113.2
53.9

-

6.6
11.4
9.4
5.5

-

49.2
192.1
69.3
34.1

Agricultural chemicals...................
Nitrogenous fertilizers................
Phosphate fertilizers..................
Fertilizers, mixing only...............
Agricultural chemicals, n.e.c..........

287
2873
2874
2875
2879

68.5
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

9.8
9.0
10.2
11.9
8.7

10.3
10.0
9.5
13.6
9.1

3.3
2.7
2.2
4.2
3.9

3.6
3.2
2.3
5.3
3.8

6.5
6.3
8.0
7.7
4.8

6.7
6.8
7.1
8.2
5.3

49.2
44.6
52.9
58.1
43.8

57.4
54.7
59.1
72.9
48.3

Miscellaneous chemical products..........
Adhesives and sealants.................
Explosives.............................
Printing Ink...........................
Carbon black...........................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c...........

289
2891
2892
2893
2895
2899

86.0
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

12.2
17.0
6.8
10.0

12.8
16.6
5.8
13.4
9.9
14.0

4.3
6.4
1.9
3.7

4.8
5.9
2.3
4.6
3.3
5.6

7.9
10.6
4.9
6.3

75.4
94.4
42.7
68.3

8.4

7.9
10.7
3.5
8.8
6.6
8.4

79.9
103.2
45.3
64.3
86.9
87.3

-

12.9

-

4.5

-

-

80.3

29

202.3

7.9

8.1

3.2

3.3

4.7

4.8

62.5

59.2

Petroleum refining.......................

291

158.9

5.8

5.8

2.5

2.6

3.2

3.2

47.8

45.4

Paving and roofing materials.............
Paving mixtures and blocks.............
Asphalt felts and coatings.............

295
2951
2952

32.0
n.a.
n.a.

16.2
12.8
18.3

15.6
11.8
17.8

5.5
4.7
5.9

5.3
4.2
6.0

10.7
8.1
12.4

10.3
7.5
11.8

119.6
114.1
123.0

101.8
79.2
114.5

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products.............................
Lubricating oils and greases...........
Petroleum and coal products, n.e.c.....

299
2992
2999

n.a.
n.a.
n.a.

14.9
12.8
22.7

17.8
15.7
25.0

5.9
4.8
9.9

7.2
6.3
9.9

9.0
8.0
12.7

10.6
9.3
15.1

109.2
72.9
243.6

132.6
102.0
237.2

Petroleum and coal products................

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..
Tires and inner tubes....................
Rubber and plastics footwear.............
Reclaimed rubber.........................
Rubber and plastics hose and belting.....
Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c........
Miscellaneous plastics products..........

30

712.4

16.8

16.8

7.1

7.6

9.7

9.1

113.3

118.1

301
302
303
304
306
307

130.1
23.9
n.a.
n.a.
111.9
423.0

14.8
9.7

10.2
4.4

17.7
18.2
17.4

15.5
10.8
20.5
13.0
17.4
17.6

10.8
4.3
10.3
7.1
8.0
6.7

4.6
5.3
9.7
10.3
11.4

4.7
6.5
10.1
5.9
9.4
10.9

168.8
78.7
119.1
132.5
93.7

181.1
81.1
240.3
122.0
128.7
95.7

-

8.0
7.9
6.0

31

253.4

11.6

11.5

4.1

4.4

7.4

7.1

69.0

68.9

Leather tanning and finishing............
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings.....

311
313

22.6
n.a.

24.4
14.2

24.1
14.4

10.8
4.8

11.3
5.0

13.6
9.4

12.8
9.4

171.9
69.7

166.8
74.8

Footwear, except rubber..................
House slippers.........................
Men's footwear, except athletic........
Women's footwear, except athletic......
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c.........

314
3142
3143
3144
3149

156.4
n.a.
63.8
62.2
n.a.

10.3
9.0
10.9
10.0
9.7

10.3
10.1
10.2
10.0
11.5

3.6
2.9
4.1
3.4
3.1

3.8
3.4
4.0
3.7
3.3

6.7
6.1
6.8
6.6
6.6

6.5
6.6
6.2
6.3
8.2

61.8
42.1
70.2
61.1
48.1

63.3
53.1
61.9
70.0
52.5

Leather gloves and mittens...............
Luggage..................................

315
316

n.a.
17.3

7.5
14.0

6.4
12.1

2.5
4.2

2.2
4.7

4.9
9.8

4.2
7.4

41.4
63.6

31.1
68.2

Handbags and personal leather goods......
Women's handbags and purses............
Personal leather goods, n.e.c..........

317
3171
3172

32.7
n.a.
n.a.

7.8
7.1
8.8

7.8
6.7
9.2

2.3
1.9
2.8

2.4
1.7
3.3

5.5
5.2
6.0

5.4
4.9
5.9

41.5
30.5
56.7

35.4
22.1
52.6

Leather and leather products...............

4,696.0

9.8

9.7

5.0

5.3

4.8

4.3

94.0

95.9

544.9
261.6

10.1
9.7

10.8
8.4

5.7
4.8

6.6
4.6

4.4
4.8

4.2
3.7

78.8
101.9

89.4
92.1

42
421
422

1,207.9
n.a.
82.4

15.1
15.2
13.8

15.0
14.9
16.5

7.9
8.1
5.8

8.3
8.4
6.9

7.1
7.0
8.0

6.6
6.4
9.6

157.0
161.9
92.3

158.9
162.8
103.3

Water transportation.......................
Water transportation services............

44
446

194.1
n.a.

15.2
22.9

14.4
21.1

7.8
11.9

7.6
11.!

7.4
11.0

6.9
10.0

283.5
457.5

292.5
473.0

Transportation by air......................
Pipelines, except natural gas..............

45
46

384.3
18.3

14.2
3.9

14.0
5.0

7.4
1.3

8.0
2.0

6.7
2.6

5.9
3.0

89.6
24.6

97.2
32.4

Transportation services....................
Miscellaneous transportation services....

47
478

155.5
n.a.

5.6
21.5

5.5
19.5

2.4
9.3

2.5
8.4

3.2
12.1

3.0
11.0

37.2
127.1

39.5
126.5

Communication..............................

48

Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......
Sanitary services........................

49
495

Transportation and public utilities..........
Railroad transportation 7/.................
Local and interurban passenger transit.....

40
41

Trucking and warehousing...................
Trucking, local and long distance........
Public warehousing.......................

1,183.4

2.7

2.8

1.4

1.6

1.3

1.2

29.1

30.2

745.5
40.3

9.8
23.5

9.0
24.8

4.2
12.9

4.2
13.9

5.6
10.6

4.8
10.8

76.2
275.6

69.0
206.1

See footnotes at end of table.




31

Table 1. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _4/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1977
annual
average
employment
(in thousands)
3/

Total
cases J>/

1976

50
51

Retail trade..................... .........

1977

1976

1977

7.5

7.7

2.8

2.9

4.6

4.8

43.2

8.1

8.5

3.3

3.6

4.8

4.9

51.8

52.5

2,706.0
1,991.0

8.0
8.2

8.2
9.0

3.0
3.8

3.2
4.1

5.0
4.4

5.0
4.9

46.6
59.0

44.0
64.2

44.0

7.2

7.4

2.6

2.7

4.6

4.7

39.7

40.5

569.9
2,212.2
2,108.0
1,799.5
863.9
562.0
3,945.3
1,735.2

9.6
8.8
10.8
7.7
1.7
4.4
6.8
3.7

9.4
8.7
11.4
7.8
2.0
5.0
7.3
3.6

3.8
3.0
4.1
2.4
.6
1.9
2.4
1.5

3.7
3.3
4.4
2.6
.7
2.1
2.4
1.3

5.8
5.8
6.7
5.3
1.1
2.5
4.4
2.2

5.7
5.4
. 6.9
5.2
1.3
2.9
4.9
2.3

71.5
42.9
64.1
42.1
10.0
35.6
28.6
27.0

62.1
45.2
71.2
41.8
13.6
42.3
30.0
22.3

2.0

2.0

.7

.8

1.2

1.2

11.6

10.4

1, 355.3
472.0
181.4
1,146.0
369.3
805.5

1.5
1.2
.8
1.7
4.6

1.5
1.1
1.1
1.7
.7
4.7

.5
.4
.3
.6
1.8

.6
.3
.5
.7
.2
2.0

1.0

.9
.8
.6

6.7

6.6
A.O
4.0
8.6
5.2
28.7

.8
.5
1.1
2.7

1.0
.4
2.6

-

4.1
9.8
31.7

14,972.0

5.3

5.5

2.0

2.2

3.3

3.3

38.4

35.A

953.2
885.9
2,342.2
491.0

8.0
3.2
4.7
7.4

8.9
3.6
4.8
7.6

2.8
1.3
1.9
2.7

3.2
1.6
2.0
3.1

5.2
1.9
2.8
4.6

5.7
2.0
2.8
4.5

49.4
26.1
36.4
56.8

47.3
29.8
31.9
A3.5

236.4
n.a.

9.1
11.3

10.4
12.8

3.5
4.4

A.3
5.3

5.5
6.9

6.0
7.4

58.6
72.0

77.2
87.5

79
80
82
83

663.9
4,571.5
1,024.9
844.7

8.3
6.9
4.1
4.6

10.1
6.9
3.2
5.4

2.8
2.6
1.5
1.8

4.9
2.8
1.2
2.0

5.5
4.3
2.6
2.8

5.1
4.1
2.0
3.A

43.8
56.6
17.7
30.0

56.4
46.7
20.3
29.8

84
89

n.a.
783.9

7.9
2.1

7.6
2.2

2.6
.7

2.7
.9

5.3
1.4

4.9
1.3

38.8
10.1

41.3
15.2

Hotels and other lodging places.... ........
Personal services.................. .......
Business services..........................
Auto repair, services, and garages.........

70
72
73
75

Miscellaneous repair services..............
Miscellaneous repair shops...............

76
769

Amusement and recreation services..........
Health services............................
Educational services.......................
Social services............................
Museums, botanical and zoological
gardens................................
Miscellaneous services................ .

1/ Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include data
for industries not shown separately.

5/ Includes fatalities. Because of rounding, the difference between
the total and the sum of the rates for lost workday cases and nonfatal cases
without lost workdays do not reflect the fatality rate.

Standard Industrial Classification Manual. 1972 Edition.
6/

_3/ Annual average employment for nonagricultural industries i9
based on the employment and earnings survey conducted by the Bureau
of Labor Statistics, in cooperation with the State agencies. The
employment estimate for the services division is adjusted to exclude
the employment for (a) nonfarm portion of agricultural services and
(b) nonclasslflable establishments. Annual average employment for the
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing division is a composite of data from
State unemployment insurance programs, and estimates of hired-farm
workers engaged in agricultural production provided by the U.S. Depart­
ment of Agriculture. The agricultural production employment estimate
as originally published by the Department of Agriculture is adjusted to
exclude employment on farms with fewer than 11 employees.

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

2J

Data conforming to OSHA definitions for coal and lignite mining
(SIC 11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and for rail­
road transportation (SIC 40) were provided by the Mine Safety and Health
Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, and by the Federal Railroad Admin­
istration, U.S. Department of Transportation.
NOTE:

SOURCE:

k j The incidence rates represent the number of injuries and ill­
nesses or lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and were calculated
as: (N/EH) X 200,000, where
N
EH

■ number of injuries and Illnesses or lost workdays
■ total hours worked by all employees during calendar
year
200,000 - base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working
40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).




1976

4,452.0
60
61
62
63
64
65

Services.....................................

2/

1977

13,795.0
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

Finance, Insurance, and real estate..........
Banking....................................
Credit agencies other than banks...........
Security, commodity brokers, and services...
Insurance carriers.........................
Insurance agents, brokers and service......
Real estate................................

1976

4,697.0

Wholesale trade........... ........

Building materials and garden supplies....
General merchandise stores...............
Food stores.............. ................
Automotive dealers and service stations...
Apparel and accessory stores.............
Furniture and home furnishings stores....
Eating and drinking places...............
Miscellaneous retail.....................

1977

Lost
workdays

18,492.0

Wholesale and retail trade...................

Wholesale trade— durable goods...........
Wholesale trade— nondurable goods.........

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

32

Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines,
n.e.c. ■ not elsewhere classified,
n.a.
* Data not available.

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3 /

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size JL/

SIC
code
1/

Mean
*/

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

Private sector 5/.......................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,49...............................
and over*****.........................

9.3
4.0
9.0
12.1
13.2
12.7
10.7
9.0
7.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.5
9.2
9.2
8.2
6.9
5.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
3.8
3.7
3.1
2.8

0.0
0.0
12.9
18.3
19.4
18.3
15.1
12.8
10.1

11.5
7.2
11.0
14.2
15.3
16.3
13.1
23.8

0.0
0.0
2.3
9.5
12.6
16.7
9.3
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.8
5.9
6.4
3.6
(6)

6.3
0.0
15.7
19.5
20.7
24.3
21.3
(6)

11.9
7.3
9.8
13.1
15.0
17.5
16.7
26.2

0.0
0.0
.9
8.9
12.3
14.7
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
5.6
6.9
(6)
(6)

13.5
9.9
14.5
18.1
20.1
26.2
(6)
(6)

11.0
7.3
13.6
16.7
17.2
14.3
8.1

0.0
0.0
6.0
13.0
13.6
14.9
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
7.2
4.2
(6)

0.0
0.0
19.5
25.2
23.7
23.3
(6)

13.0
10.3
23.3
9.7
9.0
10.1

0.0
0.0
11.7
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
6.3
(6)
(6)
(6)

9.1
0.0
18.7
(6)
(6)
(6)

6.3
2.7
8.0
66.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
9.4
(6)

10.9
6.7
12.9
14.5
12.3
10.8
11.1
5.6
.4

0.0
0.0
6.5
9.2
7.6
7.6
8.3
3.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.0
2.7
3.1
3.5
1.8
(6)

5.9
0.0
18.6
21.2
16.8
17.5
16.9
8.9
(6)

7.4
8.2
10.5
8.4
8.7
7.1
4.0

0.0
0.0
4.6
4.2
6.2
4.1
3.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
2.1
1.9

7.5
0.0
14.0
12.9
12.8
8.2
6.4

21.6
17.0
35.6
16.8

0.0
0.0
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
(6)

12.2
0.0
(6)
(6)

12.4
7.8
12.1
14.1
11.8
13.7
13.5

0.0
0.0
5.8
8.7
8.2
11.5
11.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
4.0
5.5
6.5

11.0
0.0
18.9
19.6
16.3
21.8
17.9

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing..............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Agricultural production................. *.....
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Agricultural services............. *..........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

08

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Fishing, hunting, and trapping................
All
1
20
50

07

sizes.................... .............
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Forestry......................................
All
1
20
50
100
250

01-02

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

09

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................

Mining..........................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..................... *........

Metal mining 5/............... ...... *........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

Anthracite mining 5/..........................
All
1
20
50

11

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................

Bituminous coal and lignite mining 5/.........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

10

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

12

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

See footnotes at end of table*




33




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size, United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3 /

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size _ /
1

SIC
Mean
4/

Oil and gas extraction........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

First
quartile

Third
quartile

0.0
0.0
11.6
13.7
9.7
7.2
5.4
(6)

0.0
0.0
.2
3.6
2.8
2.9
2.5
<6)
(6)

10.1
0.0
25.2
26.2
24.0
16.6
20.2
(6)

5.1
4.4
5.8
6.6
5.1
4.3
4.2

0.0
0.0
1.2
3.8
4.0
3.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
.1
1.4
1.7
(6)

0.0
0.0
8.5
9.3
8.1
6.6

15.5
9.4
18.1
21.2
21.4
19.8
18.3
17.2
6.3

0.0
0.0
14.6
19.6
19.1
17.4
16.3
13.1

0.0
0.0
2.1
9.3
9.3
9.3
10.3
6.2
(6)

8.6
0.0
28.5
30.5
31.5
28.9
23.5
27.5

13

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over.... .........................

Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels 5/.........

Median
4/

12.9
7.8
16.2
17.4
15.7
11.0
13.8
3.1
.4

2/

(6 )

(6)

14

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

(6)

(6)

Construction....................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over.......... ...................

General building contractors..................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

(6 )

6.9
0.0
29.1
30.1
34.4
33.9
23.7
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
16.2
20.6
23.9
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
15.4

0.0
0.0
30.3
32.6
44.4

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

12.8
5.3
12.1
15.6
14.4
17.9

0.0
0.0
8.0
13.3
12.2
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
18.3
24.1
19.8
(6)

17.9
12.0
18.9
20.7
22.2
20.0
19.9

0.0
0.0
15.7
20.1
20.7
19.0
16.6

0.0
0.0
5.1
10.0
9.2
9.4
10.7

0.0
15.5
29.0
29.8
33.5
32.9
27.2

16.0
10.6
17.1
18.9
18.3
18.0
18.5
17.0
5.0

0.0
0.0
12.4
18.0
16.8
17.2
17.3

0.0
0.0
1.0
8.7
8.5
8.9
11.5
(6)
(6)

18.3
11.1
24.8
26.8
25.6
24.5
22.9
(6)

15.1
9.1
13.1
17.9
16.7
15.7
19.3

0.0
0.0
8.5
17.3
16.3
15.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.6
9.5
8.6
(6)

16.0
0.0
19.1
26.1
23.2
21.4
(6)

.

153

154

16

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Highway and street construction.............

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.0
9.2
10.3
11.0
(6)

12.9
8.3
15.8
21.8
26.5
32.0
14.1
27.5

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Heavy construction contractors................

0.0
0.0
15.1
20.1
20.7
19.6
16.8
(6)
(6)

152

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Nonresidential building construction........

(6)

15.0
8.9
17.0
20.7
22.5
22.1
18.2
17.6
13.5

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Operative builders..........................

(6 )

15

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over................ ..............

Residential building construction...........

*

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )

161

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

See footnotes at end of table.

34

(6 )

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and

See footnotes at end of table*




35




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range j4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
code
2/

Mean
*/

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

13.1
8.9
14.9
17.7
18.1
15.5
12.2
9.5
7.3

0.0
0.0
8.8
13.2
14.4
12.4
9.7
7.5
6.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.5
6.8
6.4
5.1
3.5
2.9

16.6
0.0
22.6
25.8
25.8
21.7
17.1
13.3
9.7

14.0
11.4
18.6
20.9
20.9
17.1
13.2
9.9
7.5

2.4
0.0
13.6
16.9
17.8
14.3
11.0
8.1
6.4

0.0
0.0
1.6
7.4
8.9
7.5
5.8
3.8
3.1

' 21.1
9.2
27.4
29.5
29.7
24.1
18.4
14.0
9.9

22.3
16.0
23.5
26.4
25.3
21.5
16.3
12.8

0.0
0.0
19.6
22.4
23.1
18.4
15.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
7.6
11.9
12.1
10.6
8.6
(6)

26.6
18.7
35.4
36.2
36.4
30.8
22.4
(6)

26.3
24.3
31.6
34.8
26.8
21.5
20.4

0.0
0.0
28.1
31.5
27.5
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
10.4
20.5
14.4
(6)
(6)

31.3
28.0
47.7
47.7
35.9
(6)
(6)

21.1
11.5
23.0
25.1
24.2
23.1
16.9
11.7

0.0
0.0
19.8
24.3
21.9
18.7
17.1
(6)

0.0
0.0
7.9
12.4
11.7
11.6
8.7
(6)

23.9
9.8
35.2
34.9
36.8
32.5
22.5
(6)

19.7
10.3
21.5
23.7
22.9
18.0
13.6

5.5
0.0
18.3
19.1
21.0
16.0
11.2

0.0
0.0
8.1
9.8
n.2
8.8
7.2

23.3
7.2
30.1
33.0
32.6
26.1
17.8

20.3
14.6
20.1
25.1
20.7
22.2

.4
0.0
16.0
21.3
21.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
4.3
12.1
10.8
(6)

22.7
16.1
29.2
38.1
32.5
(6)

32.9
13.6
32.4
34.8
33.2
34.1
25.0

24.1
0.0
26.8
26.4
31.6
(M
(6)

10.1
0.0
13.9
14.7
17.1
(6)
(6)

42.6
18.1
43.2
47.1
44.0
(6)
(6)

19.6
15.3
20.0
23.4
20.6
20.1
19.0

3.9

0.0

0 .0
0 .0

15.8
18.4
18.7
(6)
(6)

6.2
8.7
10.3
(6)
(6)

26.3
22.2
32.8
29.5
29.4
(6)
(6)

Manufacturing...................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Durable goods.................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Lumber and wood products......................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Logging camps and logging contractors.......
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

244

245

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Miscellaneous wood products.................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

243

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Wood buildings and mobile homes.............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

242

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Wood containers.............................
All
1
20
50
100
250

241

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Millwork, plywood, and structural members....
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

0

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Sawmills and planing mills..................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

24

249

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

See footnotes at end of table*

36

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Furniture and fixtures........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1 ,0 0 0
2,500

All
50
250
500
1,000

All
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

0.0
0.0
.5
7.3
9.3
8.9
7.6
(6)

20.8
12.4
24.6
26.1
27.3
25.4
18.0
(6)

20.5
17-1
28.8
22.5
22.1
20.0
15.3

11.8
(6)
17.5
18.7

0.0
(6)
12.0
11.1
(6)
(6)

25.5
(6)
36.6
34.1
(6 )
(6)
(6)

12.7
(6)
(6)
(6)
22.5
(6)

2.5
(6 )
(6 )
(6)
16.2

()
6

(6)

18.5
7.4
17.5
21.4
24.6
19.6
14.9

0.0
0.0
15.9
20.5
20.5

0.0
0.0
5.6
10.7
12.5
(6)
(6)

17.0
0.0
25.4
29.7
32.5
(6)

20.2
6.6
17.0
18.9
21.4
32.1
27.9

0.0
0.0
14.3
12.5
(6 )
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
6.2
4.5
(6 )

17.7
0.0
26.8
22.9
(6)
(6 )
(6)

16.9
11.8
18.3
21.4
19.3
15.8
14.5
13.2
20.1

5.5
0.0
14.5
18.3
16.9
11.6
14.0
11.8

0.0
0.0
3.9
9.4
8.6
6.4
8.3
7.1

()
6

()
6

21.7
13.2
26.1
30.6
27.6
22.5
19.4
18.3
(6 )

19.4
15.8
26.8
19.0
23.1

13.8
(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)

8.4
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6)

32.5
(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6)

15.0
19.8
19.3
14.9
16.1
13.7

6.2
(6 )
(6 )
12.7
14.8
12.8

0.0
(6)
(6)
7.2
9.9
8.1

17.2
(6)
(6)
21.2
19.6
18.8

19.9
4.1
20.8
22.3
26.6
25.2
11.5

0.0
(6 )
13.4
17.8
19.9
(6)

0.0
(6)
10.3
11.4
12.5
(6)
(6)

14.0
(6)
24.3
33.5
41.6
(6)
(6)

()
6
()
6
(6)

()
6

()
6

25.4
(6)
(6)
(6)
32.5
(6)
(6)

()
6
(6)

()
6

259

()
6
(6)

32
-

321

322

323

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

See footnotes at end of table*




8.3
0.0
12.4
15.6
17.9
15.7
12.3
(6 )

254

sizes.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Products of purchased glass:

19.7
9.1
24.8
27.5
29.1
27.3
19.9
18.7
(6)

253

sizes........................................................................
to 99........................................................................
to 499.....................................................................
to 999.....................................................................
to 2,499................................................V ..............

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown.......

0.0
0.0
2.2
7.8
10.3
9.5
8.4
7.7
(6)

18.8
13.4
11.0
18.7
23.3
21.4
18.0

1

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2 , 4 9 9 .................................................................
and over......... ................ * ....................................

Flat glass..........................................................................

6.5
0.0
13.3
16.1
18.7
16.9
13.6
12.1
(6)

252

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999.....................................................................

Stone, clay, and glass products...............

Third
quartile

16.2
8.4
15.6
19.2
19.3
17.9
14.0
12.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures........

First
quartile

251

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499.... ...........................
to 999................................

Partitions and fixtures.....................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

17.2
8.0
16.0
20.1
20.7
19.2
15.7
12.9
12.9

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999 ................... t ...........
to 2,499 ..............................

Public building and related furniture.......

Median
4/

25

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Office furniture............................
All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Mean
4/

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Household furniture.........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

37

()
6




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Cement, hydraulic...........................
All
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

26.9
(6)
24.5
31.2
31.6
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
14.3
16.6
12.5
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
6.0
7.9
7.0
(6)
(6)

11.1
0.0
(6)
23.7
29.5
34.0
(6)
(6)

18.4
12.7
19.2
23.1
19.4
16.9
15.8

5.2
0.0
16.3
19.7
17.7
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
4.5
10.7
8.3
(6)
(6)

23.1
18.4
27.3
31.5
27.8
(6)
(6)

16.6
14.9
15.9
18.7
21.2

0.0
0.0
13.9
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
3.1
(6)
(6)

15.4
11.6
22.5
(6)
(6).

15.9
11.2
16.8
19.6
19.7
13.5
12.1
7.3

7.5
0.0
10.5
15.4
17.1
9.4
12.5
(6)

0.0
0.0
2.6
7.1
9.9
5.6
7.1
(6)

22.2
7.6
26.0
29.0
27.7
21.3
17.8
(6)

16.2
13.4
27.9
27.6
25.6
21.7
16.4
10.7
10.2

15.3
0.0
20.9
23.2
22.3
18.7
14.5
8.8
8.4

.2
0.0
8.8
11.8
12.4
10.1
8.9
4.7
5.2

30.8
16.5
37.0
37.9
36.0
30.9
23.1
15.5
14.1

12.2
19.7
28.5
23.1
21.8
21.0
15.9
8.6
9.9

13.4
0.0
18.1
17.1
17.1
19.2
14.3
8.3
8.4

3.2
0.0
0.0
7.9
12.0
7.9
7.6
4.5
4.6

29.7
21.6
38.7
35.8
31.8
32.8
26.4
12.7
13.9

24.4
41.8
35.0
34.4
27.2
21.0
18.4
10.9

23.8
29.5
31.5
29.1
24.0
19.4

10.7
17.2
14.5
18.7
15.5
12.1

43.8
52.2
55.9
48.7
34.6
28.9

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )

328

329

33

331

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Iron and steel foundries....................

5.8
(6)
3.4
10.5
11.6
(6)
(6)

327

sizes..................... .............
to 19...................................
to 49...................................
to 99...................................
to 249..................................
to 499..................................
to 999..................................
to 2,499................................
and over................................

Blast furnace and basic steel products......

14.8
(6)
13.8
20.2
19.0
(6)
(6)

16.4
3.5
10.8
15.5
22.0
18.0
13.0
16.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Primary metal industries......................

17.9
(6)
17.5
(6)

Third
quartile

326

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral products...

4.6
(6)
6.1
(6)

18.1
13.6
15.9
21.1
21.7
14.4
10.6

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Cut stone and stone products................

10.6
(6)
10.8
(6)

First
quartile

325

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products......

Median
4/

11.7
17.9
12.6
8.6

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Pottery and related products................

Mean
*/

324

sizes........ .........................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Structural clay products....................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

SIC
code
2/

332

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 .....................................................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table.

38

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC

Primary nonferrous metals...................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

6
6

13.1

(6 )

(6)

16.5
30.7
26.2
30.7
(6)

0.0
18.6
15.8
14.5

12.6
(6)
11.4
19.5
17.2
13.9
12.3
(6)

3.8
(6)
4.8
11.2
8.9
8.0
7.9
(6)

23.5

( )

( )

(6)

12.9
0.0
18.1
23.5
26.1
17.7
(6)

29.7
17.5
33.5
36.6
37.0
29.0

(6)

0.0
0.0
5.8
13.0
14.4
12.2
(6)
(6)

20.5
12.6
24.1
23.6
20.7
17.9

14.8
0.0
19.8
19.4

0.0
0.0
11.7
10.6

28.2
18.7
32.8
36.8

( )
( )

( )
( )

( )

19.1
14.2
21.8
24.4
24.4
20.4
17.5
10.2
7.8

9.5
0.0
16.4
20.7
22.2
17.8
14.3
9.7
7.2

0.0
0.0
5.9
10.8
12.6
10.8
8.7
4.8
3.5

26.6
16.8
31.3
33.5
34.2
28.1
23.4
14.5
12.5

18.7
18.6
23.5
24.0
22.2
17.2
14.4
13.0

16.0

6.9

27.8

17.8
(6)

(6 )

32.8
43.3
38.3
43.2
(6)

6

6

(6 )
23.7
27.0
28.7
22.7
18.5

(6)

(6)
(6)

339

6
6

6
6

6

(6)

34

341

6

6

( )

( )

(6 )

16.6
19.5
21.0
14.0
(6)

7.4
11.9
11.5
10.6
(6)

32.5
34.1
32.0
23.7

(6)

( )

(5)

16.0
8.0
16.7
23.0
23.0
20.1
14.2
11.4
3.5

2.7
0.0
12.0
23.4
21.2
19.0
13.8

0.0
0.0
6.2
12.2
14.0
12.3
9.5

19.6
0.0
19.9
31.6
28.7
24.1
19.0

(6 )
( )

6

(6)
(6 )

(6 )
(6)

20.2
22.9
21.5
22.5
22.2
20.1
11.5

5.7
16.2
21.0
19.6
18.9

0.0
3.6
11.0
11.4
10.5

20.9
34.4
31.6
35.8
34.9

( )
(6 )

( )

(6)

(6)

(6)

6

(6 )

342

343

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249........... .....................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

See footnotes at end of table.




6

( )
( )
( )

(6)
(6)
9.8

22.6
11.7
22.9
28.7
26.8
21.7
18.2
7.2

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Plumbing and heating, except electric.........

(6)

(6 )
(6 )
(6)

6

336

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware.............

(6 )

( )
(6)

14.2
9.4
13.7
18.5
19.4
15.7
13.4
8.6
12.8

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over....................... *......

Metal cans and shipping containers..........

21.4

(6)

(6)

335

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Fabricated metal products.....................

1.1

(6 )

29.3
29.8
29.5
32.9
31.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Miscellaneous primary metal products........

10.2

334

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Nonferrous foundries........................

Third
quartile

333

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Nonferrous rolling and drawing..............

First
quartile

aT

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Secondary nonferrous metals.................

Median
4/

12.5
15.0
21.2
14.0
13.0
15.1
14.6
11.0

2/

39

6

6




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size

Fabricated structural metal products........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

20.5
12.1
22.7
26.4
27.6
22.5
(6)
(6)

18.6
12.9
20.1
19.3
23.7
22.0
18.3
(6)
(6)

1.0
0.0
6.6
9.8
15.4
12.3
9.3
(6)
(6)

33.2
32.8
32.2
37.2
36.0
31.6
33.7
(6)
(6)

17.8
8.8
18.3
21.8
27.1
16.8
12.4

0.0
0.0
12.9
17.1
27.9
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.7
15.6
(6)
(6)

19.0
9.8
27.8
29.5
37.4
(6)
(6)

8.6
6.0
11.4
21.9
13.7
10.8
14.9
5.3

8.1
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

.4
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

18.3
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

19.8
9.9
19.6
23.2
23.1
20.0
17.8
17.1

7.6
0.0
15.6
19.2
19.3
16.9
15.9
(6)

0.0
0.0
4.3
12.0
10.1
9.4
9.1
(6)

21.7
9.7
29.4
31.4
33.3
27.7
23.9
(6)

14.0
10.9
17.9
19.4
20.3
16.7
13.1
10.1
8.1

0.0
0.0
13.8
16.9
18.2
14.6
11.9
9.1
6.7

0.0
0.0
.8
7.4
9.8
8.0
6.5
5.1
3.2

19.0
5.6
27.5
27.8
28.6
23.6
18.5
14.7
10.8

12.2
2.2
27.1
26.0
17.4
11.6
11.7
10.9

14.9
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

1.7
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

24.7
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

18.2
16.6
27.0
23.8
22.7
23.9
17.7
11.9
13.7

8.1
0.0
24.3
19.8
21.7
22.8
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
6.1
11.9
13.8
16.1
(6)
(6)
(6)

29.2
9.8
38.8
40.2
31.5
35.6
(6)
(6)
(6)

348

349

35

351

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499 ..............................
and over..............................

Farm and garden machinery...................

0.0
0.0
1.1
8.0
11.5
11.6
(6)
(6)

347

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499 ..............................
and over..............................

Engines and turbines........................

7.5
0.0
11.9
17.9
18.6
16.0
(6)
(6)

18.4
22.2
22.1
25.7
26.5
23.2
20.6
8.9
9.7

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999 ................................
to 2,499..............................

Machinery, except electrical..... .............

31.1
23.0
35.0
37.5
37.4
29.7
24.8
(6)
(6)

Third
quartile

346

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Miscellaneous fabricated metal products.....

0.0
0.0
8.4
11.9
13.5
10.9
9.0
(6)
(6)

16.5
9.8
15.1
18.9
19.2
18.6
13.7
12.3

sizes................... ..............
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Ordnance and accessories, nec...............

12.0
0.0
20.2
24.1
24.3
19.2
14.9
(6)
(6)

First
quartile

345

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999 ................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Metal services, nec.........................

Median
4/

22.4
18.2
25.6
27.3
26.4
21.6
19.0
10.9
4.0

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249.............. ..................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Metal forgings and stampings................

Mean
4/

344

sizes......... .......................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499 ................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Screw machine products, bolts, etc..........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

352

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999 ................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table.

40

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3^/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Construction and related machinery..........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.2
10.2
7.5
10.3
(6)

19.9
9.2
23.7
24.4
26.5
21.8
20.8
(6)

15.3
11.1
19.7
21.9
21.5
16.8
11.7
11.9
8.7

7.4
0.0
18.3
17.4
18.3
14.7
11.4
11.2
(6)

0.0
0.0
5.9
8.4
10.7
8.1
6.5
7.0
(6)

22.5
14.2
29.0
28.9
30.2
23.8
17.4
17.1
(6)

4.7
6.8
2.7
5.3
8.9
7.7
5.1
4.2
2.9

.8
0.0
(6)
0.0
4.0
5.7
4.6
4.1
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
0.0
0.0
2.5
2.3
2.1
(6)

7.1
0.0
(6)
4.5
16.2
12.6
8.1
7.2
(6)

16.4
7.5
16.3
23.0
25.4
20.4
15.4
12.4
7.2

5.9
0.0
9.8
22.1
24.2
17.0
14.7
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
.9
13.2
14.9
10.3
7.5
(6)
(6)

21.2
0.0
26.0
28.9
35.4
32.1
21.0
(6)
(6)

15.5
11.6
17.4
20.5
19.3
16.7
18.9
10.2

0.0
0.0
12.9
19.5
18.0
14.4
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
9.5
9.7
9.2
(6)

(6)

15.6
5.6
27.2
28.3
27.6
24.5
(6)
(6)

8.6
4.9
8.1
12.4
14.3
12.4
8.6
6.9
4.7

2.3
0.0
2.7
9.4
11.1
9.7
6.7
5.2
4.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.9
5.5
4.6
3.0
2.5
2.4

12.5
0.0
12.2
18.1
19.4
17.7
12.0
9.4
8.1

11.6
7.2
14.8
20.6
18.4
14.9
10.3
7.7
5.5

8.9
(6)
15.3
14.6
15.9
15.4
8.4

0.0
(6)
.6
10.3
7.9
6.8
4.8
(6)
(6)

21.0
(6)
22.6
24.6
28.4
20.8
16.2
(6)
(6)

16.6
0.0
26.4
23.7
24.6
22.1
17.0
(6)

357

358

359

36

361

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table.




3.0
0.0
11.1
14.7
16.5
15.7
13.4
(6)

‘

356

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Electric distributing equipment.............

0.0
0.0
1.4
6.7
8.5
8.6
6.4
(6)

15.4
10.7
16.9
17.8
18.3
14.5
15.0
9.8

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Electric and electronic equipment.............

0.0
0.0
14.1
14.3
16.7
13.5
11.3
(6)

28.0
16.9
30.8
33.8
33.9
30.9
21.8
18.4
(6)

355

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Miscellaneous machinery except electrical....

0.0
0.0
6.5
7.8
12.0
12.4
9.4
10.4
(6)

14.1
8.7
16.8
16.1
18.4
15.5
12.1
11.0

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Refrigeration and service machinery.........

12.9
0.0
17.7
18.6
21.6
18.3
14.3
13.8
(6)

Third
quartile

First
quartile

354

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Office and computing machines...............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

17.1
17.5
21.3
22.1
23.6
21.7
16.5
14.6
9.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999.......... .....................
to 2,499..............................

General industrial machinery................

Median
4/

353

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Special industry machinery..................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Mean
*/

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Metalworking machinery......................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

41

(6)
(6)




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range

Industry and employment size 1/

Electrical industrial apparatus.............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

7.6
0.0
(6)
(6)
19.5
13.9
10.4
9.9
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
(6)
12.2
8.5
5.4
7.3
(6)

17.4
0.0
(6)
(6)
31.8
26.2
16.6
18.7
(6)

6.6
0.0
6.7
11.9
12.7
12.0
7.1
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.3
6.8
6.4
3.4
(6)
(6)

16.8
12.9
15.2
22.4
21.5
19.0
12.5
(6)
(6)

8.8
.6
8.1
9.6
9.7
14.6
12.9
6.5
4.7

0.0
(6)
1.3
6.2
10.4
9.5
11.6
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
0.0
0.0
3.9
5.4
4.3
(6)
(6)

10.8
(6)
20.8
15.4
16.4
22.5
18.7
(6)
(6)

4.7
6.8
8.5
10.7
7.8
4.9
3.5
3.4

0.8
(6)
3.6
9.4
6.8
3.6
3.3
3.6

0.0
(6)
0.0
4.7
3.1
1.9
1.7
1.8

7.3
(6)
14.6
14.3
12.3
7.2
4.8
6.1

7.2
2.5
6.3
9.4
11.2
10.3
7.4
5.4
4.6

.1
0.0
1.8
6.5
8.9
8.0
6.7
5.4
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.2
3.6
3.8
3.1
2.7
(6)

9.4
0.0
8.8
14.1
17.3
14.2
11.4
8.7
(6)

10.0
7.4
14.7
18.1
14.1
7.5
5.7
3.8

3.6
.4
11.5
12.9
11.5
6.2
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
3.8
6.8
4.3
3.0
(6)
(6)

15.6
15.2
21.8
22.6
21.0
9.1
(6)
(6)

11.8
11.7
24.6
26.5
25.4
20.2
14.6
13.1
7.5

7.9
0.0
20.4
22.6
22.6
18.2
11.9
9.6
6.5

0.0
0.0
7.8
9.1
9.6
9.1
5.6
4.2
3.2

25.7
9.8
34.3
37.8
34.7
27.2
21.1
19.1
9.7

11.5
9.3
26.7
27.5
25.4
20.7
13.5
11.3
8.2

6.3
0.0
24.4
25.2
24.1
20.2
11.4
7.9
7.1

0.0
0.0
9.7
10.4
11.8
12.4
4.6
3.7
4.2

24.3
0.0
38.3
35.7
33.9
26.6
20.5
14.1
9.8

366

367

369

37

sizes.................... *...........
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Motor vehicles and equipment................

11.4
0.0
11.4
22.2
21.9
17.2
10.4
13.5
(6)

365

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Transportation equipment......................

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.1
6.0
4.9
3.3
4.3
(6)

11.1
7.0
10.4
14.3
15.7
12.6
9.4
8.0
5.8

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
products..................................

1.5
0.0
0.0
12.0
10.4
10.5
6.7
8.7
(6)

364

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Electronic components and accessories.......

Third
quartile

13.6
5.4
15.6
14.9
25.5
19.0
13.7
12.4
8.9

sizes.................................
to 19............. ...................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Communication equipment.....................

First
quartile

363

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Radio and TV receiving equipment............

Median
4/

10.5
12.2
7.1
15.2
15.2
12.2
7.8
10.4
6.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Electric lighting and wiring equipment......

Mean
4/

362

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Household appliances........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
2/

371

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table*

42

'

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers .3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Aircraft and parts..........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

equipment.....

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

31.7
22.4
35.9
47.5
44.4
43.1
(6 )
(6)
(6 )

14.5

5.9
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6 )

37.5
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6)

15.6
20.1
10.7
21.2

0.0
(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6 )

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)

19.7
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

3.0
3.9
11.8
6.8
3.7
6.0
4.8
2.2

2.1
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6 )

0.0
(6 )
(6)
(6 )
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6 )

6.4
(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6 )

25.9
16.3
27.3
33.8
30.0
25.4
19.4
29.2

8.2
0.0
18.9
29.2
26.1
(6)
(6 )
(6)

0.0
0.0
5.2
19.1
13.3
(6 )
(6)
(6)

30.9
14.0
37.3
43.3
42.5
(6 )
(6)
(6)

7.0
3.4
8.2
9.7
10.0
9.3
7.4
5.1
4.6

0.0
0.0
3.8
6.0
8.0
8.1
6.3
4.1
3.8

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.3
3.7
4.2
3.1
2.1
2.1

8.3
0.0
13.4
14.8
14.2
13.0
10.2
7.4
7.1

6.2
8.8
10.6
10.2
8.0
4.2
3.5
1.9

0.0
(6)
(6 )
7.9
7.2
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6 )
(6 )
3.3
5.2
(6)
(6)

9.5
(6 )
(6)
13.4
9.2

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

7.6
1.3
7.6
10.5
9.5
9.8
9.1
5.7
5.2

0.0
0.0
4.0
7.5
8.1
10.4
7.7
4.6
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
3.3
3.9
4.3
2.7

9.6
0.0
14.0
17.3
15.3
14.3
12.5
8.4

(6 )

(6 )

W
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6 )
(6)

376

379

38

381

382

sizes.................................
to 19..... ............................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table.




0.0
0.0
10.2
16.0
14.1
17.8
(6 )
(6)
(6)

375

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Measuring and controlling devices...........

16.1
0.0
21.5
30.8
31.7
28.3
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

19.7
34.6
25.9
26.9
25.8
19.5
12.1

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Engineering and scientific instruments......

20.1
14.2
24.1
16.8
23.6
16.1
14.0
(6)
6.5

Third
quartile

374

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Instruments and related products..............

0.0
0.0
6.1
3.2
6.1
5.4
4.7
(6)
2.0

22.6
14.9
27.5
35.1
34.0
30.8
25.0
25.4
16.5

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Miscellaneous transportation

6.9
0.0
15.4
8.5
13.1
8.5
7.8
(6 )
3.7

First
quartile

373

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and parts...
All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

6.0
9.8
17.3
12.2
15.6
10.2
9.6
7.2
4.0

sizes.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts............

Median
4/

372

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Railroad equipment..........................
All
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Mean
4/

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Ship and boat building and repairing........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

SIC
code
i/

43




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 10C full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Optical Instruments and lenses..............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

See footnotes at end of table.

0.0
0.0
0.0
.5
4.7
5.4
3.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
3.7
7.3
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
(6)
1.2
3.5
(6)
(6)

3.8
0.0
(6)
8.9
12.8
(6)
(6)

6.0
3.4
14.9
14.6
10.2
10.1
4.3
4.0
4.8

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

14.2
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

5.5
7.2
6.2
7.2
7.7
5.7

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

5.3
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

11.5
5.2
9.0
11.7
14.6
13.9
11.7
11.0
10.5

0.0
0.0
2.9
7.8
11.4
11.8
9.2
9.2
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.5
5.4
6.8
6.1
4.3
(6)

7.4
0.0
13.4
16.6
19.7
20.5
17.8
14.2
(6)

6.1
1.0
3.3
6.3
7.5
8.8
12.3
8.8

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
3.6
6.2
(6)
(6)
(6)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
2.4
(6)
(6)
(6)

0 .0
0 .0
3.7
8.9
12.0
(6)
(6)
(6)

13.8
7.2
12.6
21.2
14.7
10.2

.9
(6)
(6)
11.8
(6)
(6)

0 .0
(6)
(6)
9.8
(6)
(6)

12.6
(6)
(6)
18.9
(6)
(6)

13.8
5.3
11.7
12.9
16.3
17.5
12.4
13.4

0 .0
0 .0
7.5
8.2
13.7
16.5
(6)
(6)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
1.2
6.8
9.2
(6)
(6)

9.6
0 .0
17.6
18.1
22.7
24.8
(6)
(6)

*

6.8
0.0
9.4
11.1
14.4
13.2
9.4
(6)

387

39

391

393

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Toys and sporting goods.....................

0.0
0.0
2.2
4.1
8.6
8.3
6.3
(6)

386

sizes................................. 1
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Musical Instruments.........................

0.0
(6)
0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

8.0
1.7
4.6
7.7
9.4
10.9
12.2

sizes................................. !
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over.............................. .

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware...*.....

9.4
(6)
21.2
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
6.8
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

385

sizes.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499.............................. |

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries........

Third
quartile

7.6
4.6
6.3
8.1
11.0
9.3
6.9
5.1

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over.............................. j

Watches, clocks, and watchcases.............

First
quartile

384

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Photographic equipment and supplies.........

Median
4/

6.5
6.7
10.6
7.4
10.7
7.5
3.7

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Ophthalmic goods.............................

Mean

383

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Medical instruments and supplies............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
i/

394

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued

See footnotes at end of table.




45




Table 2 . Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3V

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Bakery products.............................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
50
100
250

15.6
0.0
21.0
20.3
22.2
(6)
(6)

2.3
0.0
10.3
12.0
12.5
(6)
(6)

28.3
16.5
31.4
31.0
34.3
(6)
(6)

14.0
0.0
15.5
21.7
25.4
26.2
17.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
4.7
12.3
14.1
17.4
11.2
(6)

27.5
11.9
27.8
33.3
37*1
36.3
32.0
(6)

16.8
12.0
12.1
20.3
20.6
19.1
12.9
14.7

5.5
0.0
3.4
17.3
18.9
18.4
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.9
10.6
12.2
(6)
(6)

23.2
18.2
18.4
29.8
29.0
25.7
(6)
(6)

9.1
5.0
16.8
9.1
13.4
11.7
8.2
6.8
7.9

7.2
(6)
(6)
(5)
14.2
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
<6)
(6)
(6)
6.8
(5)
(6)
(6)
(6)

17.9
(6)
(6)
(6)
23.4
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

7.4
11.5
3.5
6.8

(6)
(6)
C6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(&)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

9.0
19.4
5.5
7.9
10.9
4.6

5.4
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

17.7
(5)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

12.1
7.9
9.8

(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(5)

(6)
(6)
(6)

15.0
14.3
18.1
12.8

14.7
(6)
(5)
(6)

7.5
(6)
(6)
(6)

26.2
(6)
(6)
(6)

209

21

211

212

213

All sizes.................................
50 to 99.................................
100 to 249................................
Tobacco stemming and redrying...............

14.0
0.0
12.8
23.9
28.3
22.2
17.0
(6)

22.7
11.4
19.0
23.5
26.3
28.8
21.1
15.8

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Chewing and smoking tobacco.................

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.8
10.3
10.3
7.0
(6)

208

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Cigars......................................

1.9
0.0
2.6
16.2
18.2
14.5
10.7
(6)

21.9
13.1
24.0
23.2
23.8
18.4
18.7

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Cigarettes..................................

13.1
0.0
15.6
17.3
23.9
20.6
19.4
(6)

Third
quartile

207

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Tobacco manufactures..........................

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.2
10.3
9.1
10.5
(6)

15.0
4.2
9.1
17.1
20.4
16.4
12.5
12.9

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Miscellaneous foods and kindred products....

0.0
0.0
4.4
9.7
16.5
14.5
13.7
(6)

First
quartile

206

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Beverages...................................

Median
*/

14.2
4.2
9.8
12.4
17.6
15.8
14.3
8.3

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Fats and oils...............................

Mean
±/

205

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Sugar and confectionery products............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

214

sizes.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

See footnotes at end of table.

46

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range 47

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
code

Textile mill products.........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

11.7
(6)
13.1
13.9
9.0
(6)
(6)

6.6
( 6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
( 6)
(6)
(6)

14.6
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

7.7
(6)
9.2
9.2
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
4.5
4.2
(6)
( 6)

14.3
(6)
13.1
16.0
(6)
(6)

7.8
2.4
2.8
7.1
9.2
9.5
6.8
9.0

1.1
0.0
0.0
4.7
7.5
7.8
6.3
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.6
2.7
4.2
3.4
( 6)

8.1
0.0
2.2
10.9
14.2
13.0
9.2
(6)

13.0
5.8
8.4
16.9
19.3
14.3
11.6
6.1

6.2
(6)
0.0
18.9
18.6
13.5
9.2
<6>

0.0
( 6)
0.0
8.3
10.4
7.0
4.7
(6)

18.9
(6)
17.5
24.5
26.6
22.5
21.2
(6)

12.7
7.1
21.9
13.8
13.3
11.3
7.9

7.1
(6)
19.6
12.9
10.8
( 6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
12.0
6.8
6.2
(6)
(6)

16.3
(6)
32.5
20.8
22.5
(6)
(6)

12.0
8.4
16.5
19.2
13.8
11.4
10.1
8.8

9.0
(6)
(6)
19.7
10.8
10.5
8.9
(6)

1.6
(6)
(6)
9.5
5.7
4.9
4.8
( 6)

17.8
(6)
(6)
28.4
19.4
16.2
13.9
(6)

14.3
5.3
15.9
16.6
16.4
15.6
11.2

7.0
0.0
10.7
17.0
14.2
14.5
( 6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.2
8.4
9.3
(6)

17.0
9.4
25.5
23.3
24.3
20.8
(6)

226

22 7

228

229

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

See footnotes at end of table.




1.3
(6)
4.4
4.6
3.4
(6)
(6)

22 5

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Miscellaneous textile goods.................

6.6
(6)
7.8
9.0
6.4
(6)
(6)

10.6
9.2
9.5
11.0
13.0
8.6

sizes.................................
to 49................... .............
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Yarn and thread mills.......................

13.3
0.0
11.6
19.3
18.6
16.2
12.1
10.3
(6)

224

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 99.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Floor covering mills........................

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
5.3
5.5
4.0
3.7
(6)

12.9
3.1
9.5
14.4
14.6
16.5
10.7
1.3

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Textile finishings, except wool.............

5.3
0.0
0.0
9.7
10.7
10.1
7.5
7.0
(6)

223

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Knitting mills..............................

Third
quartile

8.1
9.2
10.9
10.4
7.1
6.7
6.2

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Narrow fabric mills.........................

First
quartile

222

sizes.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over............................. .

Weaving and finishing mills, wool...........

Median
4/

22

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Weaving mills, synthetics...................

Mean
4/

10.2
4.6
8.1
12.5
13.2
11.5
8.9
7.5
10.2

21

47




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

Apparel and other textile products............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100
250
500

20
50
100
250
500

to
to
to
to
to

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

(6)

(6)

(6)

0.0

0.0
(6)
2.0
3.6

5.9

5.6
6.9
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

2.4
0.0
3.5
6.9
7.9
7.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
4.2
3.9

8.8
0.0
9.3
12.2
12.5
11.5

(6)

(6)

(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.4
6.3
7.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
.9
3.0
3.9

.7
0.0
5.1
9.0
9.6
12.5

2.3
4.7
6.2
6.7
6.3

0.0
1.0
5.4
5.8

0.0
0.0
1.7
2.7

2.1
4.4
9.3
9.9

(6)

(6)

(6)

6.8
3.3
4.8
9.9
11.5
8.5

0.0
0.0
3.2

0.0
0.0
0.0

2.6
3.6
7.7

(6)
(6)
C6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)

5.8
2.4
4.1
7.0
6.5
9.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.5
6.5
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.7
3.1

4.3
0.0
7.0
9.4

(6)

(6)

6.1
1.6
3.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.3
4.8
8.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

4.2
0.0
3.1
8.4

(6)

(6)

9.3
9.3

•

234

235

(6)

236

9.6

238

6.1
6.8

8.2
6.6

.8

9.6

4.4
(6)

12.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.6
5.4
(6)

.7
0.0

12.3
11.7
13.2
2.6
2.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.0
10.4
9.3
(6)
(6)
(6)

13.6
12.6
14.3
19.2
17.4
13.8
11.2
8.6
5.4

11.3
0.0
9.7
16.8
16.2
12.1
9.5
7.8
(6)

.7
0.0
0.0
9.9
8.9
7.1
6.0
5.1
(6)

(6)

()
6

239
8.7
2.4
6.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 4 9 .................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 4 9 9 ................................
to 9 9 9 ................................
to 2,499 ..............................
and over..............................

Paper and allied products.....................

3.6
0.0
0.0
7.1
11.1
11.8
12.0
8.7

4.7
1.8
3.4
6.6
7.5
8.8

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ................................

Miscellaneous fabricated textile products....

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.9
3.6
4.0
2.8

233

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ..........................

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories.......

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
6.0
7.3
7.4
5.4

8.3
2.9
7.0
8.7
9.2
8.5
7.9

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Children's outerwear........................

Third
quartile

232

49.................................
99.................................
249................................
499................................
999................................

Hats, caps, and millinery...................

First
quartile

6.5
2.7
6.3
7.7
8.7
5.5

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Women's and children's undergarments........

Median
4/

231

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Women's and misses' outerwear...............

4/

6.7
1.5
2.8
5.0
8.0
8.6
8.9
6.4
3.3

sizes.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Men's and boys' furnishings.................

Mean

23

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Men's and boys' suits and coats.............
All
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

9.9

(6)
(6)

8.6

14.1
17.1
16.6
(6)
(6)
(6)

26

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table.

48

21.7
13.5
22.2
27.0
23.8
19.4
15.9
12.1
(6)

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued

See footnotes at end of table.




49




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range

Industry and employment size \ /

Miscellaneous publishing....................
All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

(6 )
(6 )

(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
1.3
8.3
10.1
14.8
10.7
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
5.5
9.6
6.6

3.7
(6)
11.9
11.6
9.6

0.0
(6 )

(6)

4.2
6.2
5.7

25.2
17.6
16.0

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

7.1
6.2
4.9
11.3
18.9
8.8
5.0

3.3

0.0

11.0

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

11.0
4.1
5.6
12.5
14.4
11.1
10.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
10.8
12.3
10.8

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.4
5.6
5.8

C6>

(6)

(6 )

2.9
1.3
2.2
6.6
5.1
2.2

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.2
3.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.2

0.0
0.0
2.6
6.4
7.0

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

8.0
9.1
15.0
17.1
13.2
9.4
6.4
4.2
2.9

4.6
0.0
10.8
13.6
10.6
7.8
5.1
3.7
3.0

0.0
0.0
1.7
6.7
4.7
3.5
2.6
1.9
1.6

15.9
9.7
22.0
23.9
19.8
13.7
9.3
6.5
4.6

6.7
8.6
14.1
13.4
11.0
7.0
5.1
4.1
2.0

6.1
0.0
11.2
12.2
7.8
5.7
4.3

0.0
0.0
3.8
6.2
3.1
2.6
2.3

23.0
18.9
19.3
9.5
7.6

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6 )

5.9
23.0
23.7
19.9
14.1

10.2

2 .0

22.4

(6)

17.0
17.7
11.5
7.2
4.2
3.0

(6)
8.1
7.4
4.5
3.0
2.1
1.6

40.7
27.0
18.4
12.3
8.4
4.5

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

4.6

0.0

11.6

(6 )
(6 )

(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)

11.8
8.4
10.4
4.1
4.6

5.7
4.1
5.4
2.2
2.3

19.3
13.3
18.3
8.3
7.7

(6)

(6 )

(6)

(6)

‘

0.0
0.0
11.2
13.9
16.8
22.3
16.4
(6)

14.1

278
8.9
0.0
7.0
20.8
21.6 •
17.5

279

28

281
16.3
9.9

282

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ................................
to 2,499 ..............................
and over..............................

Drugs.......................................

(6)
(6)

277

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Plastics materials and synthetics...........

0.0
2.1
7.0
10.5

11.3
10.8
13.0
12.6
11.9
7.5

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ....... ..................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Industrial inorganic chemicals..............

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8

276

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Chemicals and allied products.... .............

0.0
0.0
2.1
4.7

8.4
2.8
6.8
9.6
12.0
16.1
11.1
12.6

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ..........................

Printing trade services.....................

Third
quartile

275

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Blankbooks and bookbinding..................

First
quartile

3.4
2.8
3.9
5.7
2.2
4.3

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499......... ......................
to 999................................

Greeting card publishing....................

Median
4/

274

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Manifold business forms.....................
All
20
50
100
250
500

Mean
4/

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Commercial printing.........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

SIC
code
2/

7.9

5.8
3.2
1.6

(6 )

283
6.3
3.5
13.2
12.6
9.3
12.2
5.7
4.6
4.2

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

See footnotes at end of table.

50

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued

See footnotes at end of table.




51




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 2/

Middle range ji/

Industry and employment size 1/

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products....

SIC
code
2/

Mean
*/

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

22.8
0.0
28.8
31.7
29.1
24.7
23.1
18.4

30

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

16.8
8.8
19.0
21.3
20.5
17.6
15.3
11.5
12.4

7.2
0.0
13.2
18.8
18.4
15.5
12.7
8.7
(6)

0.0
0.0
.2
7.7
9.7
8.4
5.9
3.3
(6)

Tires
All
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

and inner tubes:
sizes.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

15.5
29.5
26.4
22.2
12.6
15.9

13.8
(6)
(6)
(6)
9.2
(6)

0.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
3.6

10.8
4.8
16.7
14.6
21.2
2.5

4.7
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6 )

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

20.5
18.5
21.7
25.4

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

(6 )

13.0
32.8
8.5
14.1
18.0
21.8

12.7
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

6.9
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

22.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

17.4
6.7
21.9
19.6
17.6
16.2
14.2

10.5
19.1
18.7
16.8
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)
12.0
10.3
9.9
(6)
(6)

21.3
(6)
28.9
27.8
24.7
(6)

17.6
9.0
19.2
21.3
20.7
17.3
11.5

6.3
0.0
13.4
18.8
18.1
14.6
9.1
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.0
9.7
8.2
3.9
(6)

22.8
0.0
29.5
32.4
29.2
24.4
18.3
(6)

11.5
4.7
8.6
12.9
13.2
11.3
11.2
7.1
12.2

2.5
0.0
5.1
8.7
10.3
9.5
11.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
5.6
5.1
6.4
(6)
(6)

12.3
0.0
12.6
16.9
17.8
14.1
14.9
(6)
(6)

24.1
10.0
18.3
28.5
26.5
25.7
20.6

7.6
(6)
(6)
22.5
23.0
(6)
(6)

0.0
(6)

26.4
(6)

14.4
7.0
18.9
18.6
13.9

10.3
11.0
7.6
11.7
9.8
10.5
6.7

Rubber and plastics footwear................
All
1
100
250
500
1,000

All
20
50
100

All
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500

All
20
50
100
250

All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

(6 )

(6 )

(6)

(6 )

(6 )

14.3
14.8
(6 )
(6 )

37.9
33.6
(6)
(6)

0.0
1.3
17.2
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
12.0
(6)
(6)

11.1
9.5
22.5
(6)
(6)

7.7
(6)
6.4
10.9
8.5
9.3
(6)

1.6
(6)
.9
6.6
4.6
5.4
(6)

13.3
(6)
10.7
14.8
13.7
14.5
(6)

313

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Footwear, except rubber.....................

(6 )

311

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Boot and shoe cut stock and findings........

(6 )

31

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Leather tanning and finishing...............

(6)
(6)

307

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Leather and leather products..................

17.0
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)
(6)

306

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Miscellaneous plastics products.............

.9
(6 )

304

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Fabricated rubber products, nec.............

26.8
(6)
(6)
(6)
19.7
(6)

303

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................

Rubber and plastics hose and belting........

.

302

sizes............. ....................
to 19.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Reclaimed rubber............................

(6 )

(6 )

314

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

See footnotes at end of table.

52

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range _4/

Industry and employment size _1/

SIC
code

2/
Leather gloves and mittens..................
All
1
20
50
100

All
1
20
50
100
250

All
20
50
100
250
500

First
quartile

Third
quartile

6.4
4.0
7.7
5.6
6.8

0.0
(6)

12.1
15.8
7.6
15.3
13.2
18.2

10.6

0.0

()
6

()
6
()
6

9.0
(6)

(6)
5.4
(6)

21.6
(6)

7.8
2.7
6.7
8.1
9.8
11.0

0.0
0.0
3.5
5.6
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.8
(6)
(6)

3.7
.6
10.4
9.6
(6)
(6)

9.7
4.8
10.7
12.9
9.9
10.4
9.9
9.3
9.8

0.0
0.0
5.1
8.8
5.8
6.1
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
2.0
2.3
(6)

4.3
0.0
16.1
19.2
14.3
14.7

()
6
()
6

(6)
(6)

10.8
5.8
11.5
13.3
15.1
11.4
11.4
11.6
10.4

1.4
0.0
7.2
9.3
12.3
9.7
11.0
11.5
10.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.8
5.7
6.1
7.8
7.9
7.5

12.4
0.0
16.6
19.4
19.5
16.2
13.9
14.8
13.3

8.4
2.1
4.7
7.9
10.4
13.7
14.4
14.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.3
8.7
11.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.7
7.0
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
3.2
10.7
14.4
18.7

15.0
6.4
14.3
19.0
19.0
21.5
19.0
16.1
22.9

0.0
0.0
10.3
17.1
17.2
18.4
18.0
13.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.7
10.1
12.6
12.1
11.5
(6)

10.3
0.0
20.6
27.1
26.4
27.4
24.1
21.2
(6)

14.9
6.2
14.1
19.0
18.8
21.1
19.0
16.3
22.9

0.0
0.0
10.3
17.1
17.1
18.3
18.0
13.4
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.6
10.1
12.5
12.1

10.3
0.0
20.3
27.2
25.9
26.4
24.1
21.2

()
6

()
6

16.5
8.6
17.1
19.5
21.1
33.5
10.6

0.0
0.0
10.9
17.6
18.2
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0

9.4
0.0
25.6
27.0
30.6

()
6
(6)
(6)

0.0

7.6

()
6
()
6
()
6

()
6
()
6

(6)

(6)
(6)

316

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

Handbags and personal leather goods.........

Median
A./

315

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................

Luggage.....................................

Mean
4/

(6)

()
6

16.4
(6)

()
6
()
6

317

sizes.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Transportation and public utilities.............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over...................... ........

Railroad transportation _5/....................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

All
1
20
50
100
250
1,000

()
6

11 .1

422

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 2,499..............................

See footnotes at end of table.




()
6
()
6

421

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Public warehousing..........................

()
6

42

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Trucking, local and long distance...........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

41

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Trucking and warehousing......................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

40

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Local and interurban passenger transit........

()
6

53

9.9

10.4
(6)
(6)

()
6
()
6

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued

See footnotes at end of table*




54

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Middle range 4/

Industry and employment size 1/

SIC
Mean
4/

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

7.7
3.3
7.7
10.9
12.1
12.9
11.3
11.9
8.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.5
10.2
10.1
9.6
9.6
7.8

0.0
0.0
0.0
.5
3.2
4.8
4.5
5.4
3.6

0.0
0.0
11.6
17.3
18.6
19.1
16.4
14.7
13.9

8.5
4.4
8.9
12.2
11.9
12.5
12.0
7.1

0.0
0.0
2.6
9.0
9.0
8.8
9.7
6.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.3
2.8
4.0
3.0
3.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
13.2
19.4
19.2
16.7
19.5
9.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
3.1
8.7
7.3
6.4
4.9
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.2
2.2
2.6
2.2
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
14.6
20.1
16.2
11.8
13.6
(6)
(6)

4.1
7.5
12.3
13.8
16.5
16.1
9.4
.2

0.0
0.0
1.7
9.6
11.4
12.9
14.0
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
3.4
7.1
4.7
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
11.6
18.8
21.7
19.6
24.2
(6)
(6)

7.4
2.8
7.1
10.3
12.2
13.0
11.1
12.8
9.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
8.3
10.7
10.8
9.5
10.4
8.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.4
5.2
5.2
5.8
3.9

0.0
0.0
10.8
16.6
18.5
19.7
15.8
15.9
14.2

9.4
5.1
11.5
15.3
19.4
18.6
13.4
12.9

0.0
0.0
7.4
13.1
16.8
17.9
(5)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
5.4
7.5
10.9
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
17.2
23.9
27.9
24.7
(6)
(6)

8.7
2.2
3.9
9.0
11.3
10.4
9.4
9.8
7.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.4
9.3
8.4
9.3
8.7
7.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
.6
3.5
4.4
4.7
5.1
3.5

2.3
0.0
6.0
14.6
15.5
15.5
14.0
13.5
11.6

11.4
2.5
10.1
14.4
16.4
19.0
17.4
22.7
17.1

0.0
0.0
5.7
13.5
15.6
15.6
14.8
16.2
(5)

0.0
0.0
0.0
6.2
7.7
10.1
10.4
11.1
(6)

0.0
0.0
15.1
21.3
24.4
22.7
22.2
27.5
<6>

7.8
4.0
9.7
12.2
12.6
11.5
10.9

2/

0 .0
0 .0
6.7
11.5
12.5
(6)
(6)

0 .0
0 .0
0.0
5.0
6.7
(6)
(6)

0 .0
0 .0
15.5
18.2
17.7
(6)
(6)

Wholesale and retail trade......................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Wholesale trade...............................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Wholesale trade— durable goods................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

.9

50

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

8.2
4.6
9.9

12.1
10.1
9.2
7.9
5.3
1.3

Wholesale trade— nondurable goods.............
51
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

9.0

Retail trade..................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499 ..............................
and over..............................

Building materials and garden supplies........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

General merchandise stores....................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

54

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Automotive dealers and service stations.......
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

53

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Food stores...................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

52

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

55

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

See footnotes at end of table.




55




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Middle range 4/

SIC
code
2/

Industry and employment size

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.3
3.9
4.1
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
2.0
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.1
5.2
7.9
7.7
(6)
(6)

5.0
3.4
5.5
8.1
8.0
10.2
22.2

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.4
6.3
8.9
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.0
5.7
(6)

0.0
0.0
8.4
11.5
11.4
13.3
(6)

7.3
2.4
6.2
9.3
13.3
18.9
13.9
10.5

0.0
0.0
0.0
7.3
14.3
22.1
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
3.4
12.6
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
9.2
14.8
19.7
30.1
(6)
(6)

3.6
1.9
3.8
5.4
8.9
7.0
6.1
9.3
7.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
.5
6.6
5.6
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.8
1.9
(6)
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
4.2
7.9
12.5
10.4
(6)
(6)
(6)

2.0
1.2
1.7
2.1
2.5
2.7
2.7
2.6
1.9

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.5
2.5
2.7
2.7
2.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.9
1.3
1.4
1.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
2.4
3.8
4.1
4.1
3.9
3.8

1.5
1.1
1.1
1.1
2.0
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.2

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
2.5
2.7
2.7
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
1.4
1.4
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.5
3.6
3.9
4.1
4.0
(6)

1.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.7
2.3
2.8
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.8
1.3
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.5
3.0
3.9
4.2
(6)

1.1
1.2
.6
2.0
3.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

0.0
0.0

(6 )
(6 )

(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

1.7
1.2
1.7
1.6
2.3
2.5
2.1
1.7

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.6
2.4
2.6
2.6
2.5

58

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
59

Miscellaneous retail..........................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Third
quartile

57

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Eating and drinking places....................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

First
quartile

2.0
1.2
.9
2.0
3.6
5.0
5.3
8.9
6.3

Furniture and home furnishings stores.........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

Median
4/

56

Apparel and accessory stores..................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Mean

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Finance, insurance, and real estate.............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.... ....................... .
|
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Banking.......................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

Credit agencies other than banks..............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

.9

.6
.8
1.4
2.0
2.3
2.0
62

sizes.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ..........................
to 2,499..............................

Insurance carriers............................
All
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

61

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ..........................
to 2,499..............................

Security, commodity brokers, and services.....
All
50
250
500
1,000

60

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 .................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ..........................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

(6)

(6)
(6)

63

sizes.......... .......................
to 49.................................
to 9 9 ...........................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 9 9 9 ................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................
_________________

See footnotes at end of table.

56

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.9

1.3
1.3
1.3

0.0
1.0
2.5
3.5
3.9
4.0
3.8
3.7

Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers Zj

Middle range W
Industry and employment size \ /

SIC
code
2/

Insurance agents, brokers and service.........
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

Median
4/

First
quartile

Third
quartile

64
.7
.3
.6
1.1
1.8
1.8
1.6

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.1
2.3
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
1.0
3.5
3.7
(6)

4.7
2.1
5.0
7.6
8.4
8.9
15.7
13.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
3.0
6.7
7.4
C6)
(5)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.7
3.4
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
6.4
12.8
14.0
13.2
(6)
(6)

5.5
2.2
3.9
6.6
8.0
8.0
8.0
7.9
6.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
.9
5.0
5.4
6.1
6.1
4.0

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
.4
1.9
2.7
2.9
2.1

0.0
0.0
2.3
9.0
12.2
11.9
10.7
10.8
8.0

8.9
2.1
2.9
7.3
11.9
12.5
13.8
16.4

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.1
11.4
11.3
12.9
14.1

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
4.6
6.3
8.6
7.8

0.0
0.0
2.3
11.1
18.4
17.7
18.2
26.6

3.6
.8
3.7
8.4
10.8
9.8
6.3

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.1
8.5
3.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.9
0.0
(6)

0.0
0.0
3.5
14.0
15.6
14.4
(6)

4.8
2.5
3.7
6.3
6.1
6.8
5.9
5.1
3.2

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.7
4.1
4.1
4.6
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
1.4
1.8
2.4
(6)

0.0
0.0
.8
5.6
8.3
10.3
9.4
14.1
(6)

7.6
5.0
12.6
12.8
15.2
16.7
8.5

0.0
0.0
6.5
8.4
11.3
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
.5
4.1
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
19.3
20.7
21.1
(6)
(6)

10.4
6.7
16.2
17.4
18.7
15.1
5.6

0.0
0.0
9.6
12.5
13.6
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
0.0
4.7
8.1
(6)
(6)

0.0
0.0
25.9
26.7
25.8
(6)
(6)

12.8
8.6
18.7
21.7
22.7
12.4

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Real estate...................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

Mean
4/

0 .0
0 .0
9.6
12.5
13.6
(5)

0 .0
0 .0
0 .0
4.7
8.1
(6)

0 .0
0 .0
25.9
26.7
25.8
(6)

65

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Services........................................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Hotels and other lodging places...............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000

76

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Miscellaneous repair shops..................
All
1
20
50
100
250

75

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Miscellaneous repair services.................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

73

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................
and over..............................

Auto repair, services, and garages............
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

72

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................

Business services.............................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500
1,000
2,500

70

sizes.................................
to 19.................................
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................
to 999................................
to 2,499..............................

Personal services.............................
All
1
20
50
100
250
500

f

769

sizes.................................
to 19................................ J
to 49.................................
to 99.................................
to 249................................
to 499................................

See footnotes at end of table.




57




Table 2. Occupational injury and illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry and
employment size. United States, 1977—Continued

shown separately.
2 Standard Industrial Classification Manual. 1972 Edition.
J The incidence rates represent the number of injuries and illnesses per 100 full-time
workers.
4 The mean incidence rate is calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000, where
N = number of injuries and illnesses
EH = total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year
200,000 = base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week,
50 weeks per year).
The middle range (interquartile) is defined by 2 measures; a fourth of the establish-

58

higher than or equal to the third quartile rate.
5 Data conforming to the O SHA definitions for coal and lignite mining (SIC 11 and
12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and for railroad transportation (SIC
40) were provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of
Labor, and by the Federal Railroad Administration. U.S. Department of Transportation.
6 Indicates that quartile rates were not derived because fewer than 25 establishment
reports were included in the industry employment-size group.
n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. Department of Labor.

Table 3. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses and lost workdays, private sector,
by industry division. United States, 1976 and 1977
(Numbers in thousands)

Total cases _1/

Lost workday

Industry

1976

1977

1976

1977

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

1976

1977

Lost /orkdays

1976

1977

INJURIES AND ILLNESSES
Private sector 2 / ................

5,163.7

5,460.3

1,978.8

2,203.6

3,180.4

3,250.6

33,948.3

36,140.3

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2/..
Mining................................
Construction..........................
Manufacturing.........................
Transportation and public utilities....
Wholesale and retail trade............
Wholesale trade.....................
Retail tre.de........................
Finance, insurance, and real estate....
Services..............................

67.9
83.1
464.7
2,378.2
416.3
1,090.3
348.1
742.1
72.1
591.1

74.9
88.2
507.9
2,466.5
428.6
1,169.9
377.9
791.9
77.2
647.2

28.7
43.8
166.0
871.6
212.0
409.9
142.8
267.1
26.7
220.0

33.4
48.4
192.9
959.3
234.3
443.7
158.5
285.2
30.9
260.7

39.1
38.9
297.9
1,505.4
203.5
679.7
204.9
474.8
45.4
370.5

41.4
39.3
313.7
1,506.0
192.7
725.5
219.0
506.5
46.1
385.8

512.9
866.7
3,189.5
14,355.8
4,012.8
6,326.2
2,230.0
4,096.1
428.8
4,255.7

530.7
1,042.9
3,648.9
15,458.6
4,253.4
6,665.4
2,323.8
4,341.6
409.7
4,130.9

Private sector 2/................

4,995.8

5,298.5

1,918.1

2,146.8

3,073.5

3,145.9

32,457.8

35,234.4

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2/..
Mining................................
Cons truction..........................
Manufacturing.........................
Transportation and public utilities....
Wholesale and retail trade............
Wholesale trade.....................
Retail trade........................
Finance, insurance, and real estate....
Services..............................

63.0
82.4
452.6
2,281.6
407.9
1,074.1
342.1
732.0
69.6
564.7

70.1
87.2
497.9
2,370.2
419.5
1,154.2
371.2
783.0
74.9
624.5

27.2
43.5
162.6
839.6
208.6
403.4
140.3
263.0
26.0
207.2

31.7
48.0
189.6
92 5.7
230.3
438.9
157.0
282.0
30.0
252.5

35.6
38.5
289.2
1,440.9
198.5
670.1
201.4
468.7
43.6
357.0

38.3
38.6
307.0
1,443.4
187.6
714.7
213.9
500.8
44.9
371.5

499.2
863.1
3,114.7
13,858.6
3,966.6
6,210.7
2,188.0
4,022.7
407.1
3,537.9

515.5
1,038.8
3,589.4
14,903.0
4,210.1
6,579.0
2,296.0
4,283.0
401.0
3,997.5

167.9

161.9

60.7

56.8

106.9

104.7

1,490.5

906.0

5.0
.7
12.1
96.6
8.5
16.2
6.0
10.2
2.5
26.4

4.8
1.1
10.0
96.3
9.1
15.7
6.7
8.9
2.3
22.7

1.5
.4
3.4
32.0
3.5
6.5
2.5
4.0
.7
12.8

1.6
.4
3.3
33.6
4.0
4.8
1.6
3.2
.9
8.3

3.5
.3
8.7
64.5
5.0
9.6
3.5
6.1
1.8
13.5

3.2
.7
6.7
62.6
5.1
10.8
5.1
5.7
1.3
14.4

13.6
3.7
74.8
497.2
46.2
115.5
42.1
73.4
21.7
717.7

15.2
4.1
59.5
555.6
43.2
86.4
27.7
58.6
8.6
133.4

INJURIES

ILLNESSES
Private sector 2_/..................
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2/..
Mining................................
Construction..........................
Manufacturing.........................
Transportation and public utilities....
Wholesale and retail trade............
Wholesale trade.....................
Retail trade........................
Finance, insurance, and real estate....
Services....................... .......

J/
L

Includes fatalities.

2J

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

NOTE:

to the totals. Differences between the estimate of total cases and the
estimates for lost workday cases and nonfatal cases without lost work­
days may not reflect the fatality estimate.
SOURCE:

Because of rounding, the sum of the components may not add




59

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Table 4. Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry
division and extent of case. United States, 1976and1977
Incidence rates per 1,000 full-time workers _1/

1976

1977

1976

Lost
workdays

Nonfatal
cases without
lost workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases

Industry

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Private sector.................

3.0

2.8

1.1

1.0

1.9

1.8

26.5

15.4

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing....
Mining...............................
Construction.........................
Manufacturing........................
Transportation and public utilities...
Wholesale and retail trade...........
Finance, insurance, and real estate...
Services.............................

8.0

7.4
1.3
3.1
5.1
2.0

2.4
.5
1.1
1.8
.8
.4
.2
1.2

2.5
.5

5.6
.4
2.9
3.6
1.1
.7
.5
1.2

4.9
.8
2.0
3.3
1.1
.7
.3
1.2

22.1
4.8
24.6
27.5
10.8
7.9
5.9
64.8

23.2
5.1
18.2
29.6
9.8

1.0
4.0
5.4
2.0
1.1
.7
2.4

1.0
.6
1.9

1.0
1.8
.9
.3
.2
.7

2.2
11.4

1/ Incidence rates represent the number of illnesses or lost workdays per 1,000 workers, and were
calculated as: (N/EH) X 2,000,000, where

•

N
= number of illnesses or lost workdays
EH
» total hours worked by all employees during calendar year
2,000,000 * base for 1,000 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).
SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Table 5. Occupational illness incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and category of illness.
United States, 1977
Incidence rates per 1,000 full-time workers

Industry

Total
illnesses

Skin
diseases
disorders

Dust
diseases
of the
lungs

Private sector.................

2.8

1.2

(2)

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing....
Mining...............................
Construction.........................
Manufacturing........................
Transportation and public utilities...
Wholesale and retail trade...........
Finance, insurance, and real estate...
Services.............................

7.4
1.3
3.1
5.1
2.0
1.0
.6
1.9

4.4
.5
1.0
2.5
.9
.4
.2
.9

.1
.2
.3
(2)
(2)
(21
(2)
(2)

1/

Respiratory
conditions
due to
toxic
agents

0.2
.2
.1
.3
.4
.3
.1
(2)
.1

1/

1
—

Poisoning

2/




Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

60

All
other
occupa­
tional
illnesses

0.4

•0.4

0.4

.7
.1
.1
.2
.2
(2)
(2)
.1

1.0
.2
.6
.7
.3
.2
.1
.3

.2
(2)
.2
1.1
.2
(2)
(2)
.1

.8
.2
.6
.3
.2
.3
.2
.5

Incidence rates represent the number of illnesses per 1,000 full-time workers, and were calculated as:

Indicates an incidence rate of less than .05 per 1,000 full-time workers.

Disorders
associated
with
repeated
trauma

0.1

N
= number of illnesses per 1,000 full-time workers
EH
* total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year
2,000,000 = base for 1,000 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

SOURCE:

Disorders
due to
physical
agents

(N/EH) X 2,000,000, where

Table 6. Number of occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977
( N u m b e r s in thousands except for average lost workdays per lost wor k d a y case.)
Injuri es and illnesses

Industry 1J

SIC
code
2/

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

16

5,298.5

2,1A6.8

16

161.9

56.8

16

70.1

31.7

16

A.8

1.6

9

15
18
12
20

AA. 2
23.5
1.5
•9

20.1
10.6
.6
.3

15
19
12
18

2.9
1.9
.1
.1

1.0
.7
(5)
(5)

10
7
5
38

48.4

22

87.2

A8.0

22

1.1

.A

3.6
.3
15.6
24.2
A.7

19
22
21
23
18

5.9
.6
2A.5
A8.9
7.3

3.6
.3
15.6
23.9
A.7

19
22
21
23
18

(5)
.2
.9
(5)

_

IQ? Q

15

'97 9

IRQ A

19

in n

Private sector 3 / .....................

5.A60.3

2,203.6

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 3 / .......

7A.9

33.A

A7.1
25.A
1.5
1.0

21.1
11.3
.6
.4

88.2
5.9
.6
2A.7
A9.8
7.3

01-02
07
08
09

Mining......................................
10
11
12
13
1A

rnncrmrMnn

Special trade contractors...............

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

workday

Lost
workday
cases

Metal mining A/.................. .......
Anthracite mining A/....................
Bituminous coal and lignite mining A/....
Oil and gas extraction..................
Nonmetallic minerals, except fuels A/....

Illnesses

Total
cases

Total
cases

Agricultural production 3/..............
Agricultural services...................
Forestry................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping..........

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday

Injuries

Lost
workday

16

1
1
_

-

(5)
.A
(5)

18
10
21
li
f

25A.O

99.1

19

2A9.2

97.8

19

A.9

1.3

18

Manufacturing...............................

2,A66.5

959.3

16

2,370.2

925.7

16

96.3

33.6

17

Durable goods.............................

1,570.5

605.6

16

1,508.7

58A.7

16

61.8

20.8

16

150.9
73.6
109.5
18A.9
293.9
298.2
154.9
217.7
Al.l
A5.8

70.3
25.7
AA .9
77.A
110.6
101.1
53.7
91.7
1A.1
16.1

17
15
17
18
15
15
16
16
16
15

1A8.6
72.0
105.6
178.6
28A.5
287.A
1A3.3
207.2
38.1
A3.5

69.6
25.2
A3.A
75.3
107.5
97.9
A9.7
87.8
13.1
15.3

17
15
17
18
15
15
15
16
16

2.3
1.6
A.O
6.3
9.A
10.8
11.6
10.5
3.0
2.3

.7
.6
1.6
2.1
3.1
3.2
3.9
3.9
1.0
.7

21
16
18
19
1A
17
17
15
15
15

896.0

353.8

16

861.5

3A1.0

16

3A.5

12.8

17

20
21
22
23
26
27
28
29

318.6
5.7
91.1
76.0
9A.2
67.9
8A.A
16.2

138.7
2.A
26.2
22.8
3A.9
27.0
32.6
6.5

15
17
19
16
20
15
17
18

305.9
5.6
89.1
7A.0
92.0
66.2
77.5
15.6

133.2
2.3
25.7
22.1
3A.2
26.A
30. A
6.3

15
17
20
16
20
15
17
18

12.7
.1
2.0
2.0
2.2
1.7
6.9
.6

5.5
(5)
.5
.6
.8
.6
2.2
.2

15
16
17
19
18
2A
16
12

30
31

115.8
26.2

52.6
9.9

15
16

110.9
2A.7

50.8
9.A

15
16

A.8
1.5

1.8
.5

20
17

A28.6

23A.3

18

A19.5

230.3

18

9.1

A.O

11

56.8
17.0
176.3
2A.1
A8.6

3A.6
9.A
97.9
12.A
27.8

•q
7.6
32.4
6A.7

3.5
18.5
29.9

1A
20
19
A0
12
16
16
19
17

55.2
16.9
175.0
23.8
A7.1
.8
7.5
30.8
62.A

33.8
9.3
97.A
12.2
26.9
.3
3.5
17.7
29.2

1A
20
19
A0
12
16
16
19
17

1.6
.2
1.3
.3
1.5
.1
.1
1.7
2.3

.7
.1
.5
.2
.9
(5)
(5)
.7
.8

8
17
25
29
8
11
9
A
11

Wholesale and retail trade..................

1,169.9

AA3.7

15

1,15A.2

A38.9

15

15.7

A.8

18

Wholesale trade...........................

377.9

158.5

15

371.2

157.0

15

6.7

1.6

18

211. A
166.5

82.7
75.9

1A
16

208.6
162.6

81.9
75.0

1A
16

2.8
A.O

.7
.8

22
1A

791.9

285.2

15

783.0

282.0

15

8.9

3.2

18

50.5
1A1.8
183.7
131.6
13.3
2A.5
196.9
A9.7

19.9
53.1
71.8
A3.3
A.6
10.3
6A.9
17.A

17
1A
16
16
19
20
13
18

50.2
1A1.0
182.6
129.9
12.7
2A.2
19A.3
A8.2

19.7
52.8
71.2
A2.A
A.6
10.2
63.8
17.2

17
1A
16
16
19
20
13
18

.3
.8
1.1
1.7
.6
.3
2.6
1.5

.2
.3
.6
.9
(5)
.1

39
20
11
3A
21
21
6
9

77.2

30.9

13

7A.9

30.0

13

2.3

.9

9

60
61

18.3
A.7

7.1
1. A

11
12

18.0
A.5

7.0
1 •A

11
12

.3
.2

.1
(5)

10
12

62
63
6A
65

1.9
18.1
2.1
30.0

.8
6.9
.8
13.0

9
13
21
1A

1.8
17.8
2.0
28.8

.8
6.8
.8
12.A

9
13
21
15

.1
.3
.1
1.2

(6)
.1
(5)
.6

13
21
18
6

Lumber and wood products................
Furniture and fixtures..................
Stone, clay, and glass products.........
Primary metal industries........ ........
Fabricated metal products...............
Machinery, except electrical............
Electric and electronic equipment.......
Transportation equipment................
Instruments and related products........
Miscellaneous manufacturing industries...

17

Total
cases

2A
25
32
33
3A
35
36
37
38
39

Nondurable goods...... ....................
Food and kindred products...............
Tobacco manufactures....................
Textile mill products...................
Apparel and other textile products......
Paper and allied products...............
Printing and publishing.................
Chemicals and allied products...........
Petroleum and coal products.............
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics
products..............................
Leather and leather products............
Transportation and public utilities.........
Railroad transportation A/..............
Local and interurban passenger transit...
Trucking and warehousing................
Water transportation....................
Transportation by air...................
Pipelines, except natural gas...........
Transportation services.................
Communication...........................
Electric, gas, and sanitary services....

Wholesale trade— durable goods..........
Wholesale trade— nondurable goods.......

A0
A1
A2
AA
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9

50
51

Retail trade..............................
Building materials and garden supplies...
General merchandise stores..............
Food stores.............................
Automotive dealers and service stations..
Apparel and accessory stores............
Furniture and home furnishings stores....
Eating and drinking places..............
Miscellaneous retail....................

52
53
5A
55
56
57
58
59

Finance, insurance, and real estate.........
Banking.................................
Credit agencies other than banks........
Security, commodity brokers, and
services..............................
Insurance carriers......................
Insurance agencts, brokers and service...
Real estate.............................

15

__________

See footnotes at end of table.




61

1.0

.2

Table 6 Number of occupational injuries and illnesses, private sector, by industry. United States,
1977—Continued
( N u m b e r s in thousands except for average lost workdays per lost wor k d a y case. )
Injurie

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

1 Total
cases

Services....................................

|

and Illnesses

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Lost
workday
cases

647.2

Injuries

Total
cases

Illnesses

Lost
workday
cases

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

260.7

16

624.5

252.5

16

22.7

8.3

16

70
72
73
75
76
78
79
80
82
83

65.6 j
25.1 :
88.1
33.6 j
22.2
6.2 I
47.1
257.4
22.0
33.5

23.4
10.9
36.2
13.7
9.1
2.0
23.1
105.4
8.3
12.4

15
19
16
14
18
17
11
17
17
15

64.1
24.5
85.7
32.8
21.5
5.8
45.5
249.1
20.8
32.8

22.9
10.7
35.3
13.4
8.8
1.9
22.7
101.7
7.5
12.1

15
19
16
14
17
17
11
17
18
15

1.5
.6
2.4
.7
.7
.4
1.6
10.2
1.3
.7

.5
.2
.9
.3
•3
.1
.4
3.7
.8
.3

13
14
12
14
38
15
8
20
8
8

84
89

1.6 j
15.7

.6
6.2

15
17

1.5
14.2

.6
5.9

15
18

.1
1.5

(5)
.3

17
11

:
Hotels and other lodging places.........
Personal services.......................
Business services.......................
Auto repair, services, and garages......
Miscellaneous repair services...........
Motion pictures.........................
Amusement and recreation services.......
Health services.........................
Educational services....................
Social services.........................
Museums, botanical and zoological
gardens...............................
Miscellaneous services..................

1/ Industry division totals include data for industries not shown
separately.
2/

NOTE: Dashes indicate no data reported, or data that do
not meet publication guidelines. Because of rounding, compo­
nents may not add to totals.
The number of lost workdays for the 2-digit SIC levels
shown in this table can be approximated by multiplying the
estimates of the number of lost workday cases by the average
lost workdays per lost workday case.
Approximations of average lost workdays per lost workday
case for 3- and 4-digit SIC levels can be derived by dividing
the incidence rate of lost workdays by the incidence rate for
lost workday cases appearing in tables 1 and 4.

Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972 Edition.

3/

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

j4/ Data conforming to OSHA definitions for coal and lignite mining (SIC
11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining (SIC 10 and 14), and for railroad
transportation (SIC 40) were provided by the Mining Safety and Health
Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, and by the Federal Railroad
Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation.




Average
lost
workdays
per lo81
workday
case

SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor,
5/

Estimates of fewer than 50 cases.

Table 7. Distribution of occupational illnesses and lost workdays, private sector,
by category of illness and extent of case. United States, 1977
(Numbers in thousands except for average lost workdays per lost workday case)
—

Nonfatal cases
without lost
workdays

Lost
workday

Total
Category of illness

Percent

161.9

Total.................................

Disorders due to physical agents............
Disorders associated with repeated trauma....
All other occupational illnesses............

100.0

56.8

100.0

104.7

100.0

73.0
2.0
13.1
5.7
23.6
23.4

45.1
1.2
8.1
3.5
14.6
14.5
13.0

18.2
.4
5.2
2.7
8.0
13.9
8.4

32.0
.7
9.1
4.7
14.1
24.5
14.8

54.8
1.6
7.8
3.0
15.6
9.5
12.4

52.3
1.5
7.5
2.9

i

1

1

____ __

NOTE: Because of rounding, the components may not add to the
totals. Percents are computed using rounded estimates and may vary
from the percent based on unrounded estimates. Average lost workdays
per lost workday case were computed from the estimates before rounding.

62

SOURCE:

Percent

906.0

100.0

16

204.5
19.9

22.6

11
46

Percent i Number

Number

Occupational skin diseases or disorders.....
Dust diseases of the lungs..................
Respiratory conditions due to toxic agents...

Number

1

Percent

: Number

Average
lost
workdays
per lost
workday
case

Lost
workdays

6.7
4.4
74.7

e.i

9.1

u'9

189.8

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor,

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

Total

21

1976

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1977

1976

workdays

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Private sector 5 / ......................

8.9

9.0

3.4

3.7

5.5

5.3

57.8

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 5/........

10.2

10.7

4.4

4.8

5.8

5.8

81.1

78.8

10.7
9.8
11.9
4.2

11.2
10.1
12.5
6.0

4.5
4.3
5.2
2.3

5.1
4.6
5.3
2.2

6.1
5.4
6.7
1.8

6.1
5.5
7.2
3.8

69.3
99.3
111.0
79.4

77.0
85.4
63.4
39.7

10.9

10.8

5.7

5.9

5.1

4.8

113.9

128.3

5.9
27.4
13.2
12.8
5.0

7.4
21.6
12.3
12.7
5.1

4.2
11.1
7.8
5.9
3.3

4.5
10.6
7.8
6.2
3.3

1.7
16.3
5.4
6.9
1.7

2.8
10.6
4.4
6.4
1.8

76.9
229.2
133.9
135.3
49.8

83.9
237.6
167.0
142.7
58.0

Agricultural production 5/............ .
Agricultural services......................
Forestry...................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping.............

01-02
07
08
09

Mining.......................................
Metal mining 6/............................
Anthracite mining 6/.......................
Bituminous coal and lignite mining 6/......
Oil and gas extraction.....................
Nonmetalllc minerals, except fuels b / ......

10
11
12
13
14

Construction.................................

60.0

14.9

15.2

5.4

5.8

9.5

9.4

102.6

109.7

General building contractors...............
Residential building construction........
Operative builders.......................
Nonresidential building construction.....

15
152
153
154

14.2
11.1
9.3
18.4

14.8
12.8
12.6
17.6

5.1
4.6
3.2
6.0

5.6
5.5
4.7
5.8

9.1
6.4
6.1
12.4

9.2
7.2
7.9
11.7

98.0
89.7
41.8
115.9

97.7
97.3
53.8
105.9

Heavy construction contractors.............
Highway and street construction..........
Heavy construction, except highway.......

16
161
162

15.9
14.3
16.6

15.6
14.8
16.0

5.4
5.2
5.5

5.6
5.3
5.7

10.4
9.0
11.1

9.9
9.3
10.2

107.7
120.8
101.9

114.8
108.6
117.5

Special trade contractors..................
Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning...
Painting, paperhanging, and decorating....
Electrical work..........................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering.......
Carpentering and flooring................
Roofing and sheet-metal work.............
Concrete work............................
Water well drilling..................... .
Miscellaneous special trade contractors...

17
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

14.8
15.4
9.8
13.4
13.8
12.6
21.1
14.0
13.3
16.7

15.3
16.8
9.4
13.1
15.3
14.4
20.9
14.3
14.1
16.1

5.5
5.0
4.5
4.2
5.5
5.4
9.4
6.4
6.6
6.1

6.0
5.4
4.4
9.4
7.1
7.2
9.7
6.3
7.0
6.2

9.3
10.4
5.3
9.2
8.3
7.1
11.6
7.6
6.6
10.6

9.3
11.4
4.9
8.6
8.2
7.2
11.1
8.0
7.0
9.8

102.6
88.7
112.6
74.8
92.4
97.1
202.7
109.7
151.9
118.0

114.1
93.6
101.1
91.9
130.9
118.8
195.5
130.1
134.2
120.6

Manufacturing................................

12.6

12.6

4.6

4.9

8.0

7.7

76.7

79.3

Durable goods ..............................

13.5

13.5

4.9

5.2

8.6

8.3

81.1

83.3

Lumber and wood products.......... .........

24

21.7

22.0

9.6

10.3

12.1

11.7

165.4

175.8

Logging camps and logging contractors....

241

24.6

25.8

13.8

15.4

10.7

10.3

284.5

327.0

Sawmills and planing mills...............
Sawmills and planing mills, general....
Hardwood dimension and flooring........
Special product sawmills, n.e.c........

242
2421
2426
2429

21.9
21.8
20.3
34.0

20.8
20.7
19.4
34.6

10.2
10.3
8.6
18.5

10.0
10.2
7.6
18.5

11.6
11.4
11.7
15.5

10.8
10.5
11.7
16.0

177.5
183.1
129.4
255.1

181.5
189.8
116.7
277.5

Millwork, plywood, and structural members.
Ml 1lwo rk...............................
Wood kitchen cabinets..................
Hardwood veneer and plywood............
Softwood veneer and plywood............
Stuctural wood members, n.e.c..........

243
2431
2434
2435
2436
2439

19.6
22.0
15.8
20.9
15.9

19.3
22.0
16.8
18.8
15.6
27.0

7.9
9.0
6.1
7.4
6.5

11.7
13.0
9.7
13.5
9.4
-

10.7
12.6
8.9
11.2
8.4
13.1

130.8
133.1
80.4
136.6
155.9

-

8.6
9.4
7.8
7.6
7.2
13.9

-

134.4
125.9
106.7
140.4
152.0
190.2

Wood containers..........................
Nailed wood boxes and shook............
Wood pallets and skids.................
Wood containers, n.e.c.................

244
2441
2448
2449

20.4
20.8
20.6
19.6

20.0
20.2
20.2
19.6

9.5
9.5
9.9
8.9

9.8
9.0
10.9
8.5

10.8
11.3
10.7
10.7

10.2
11.2
9.2
ii.i

159.4
144.3
162.6
168.0

158.6
148.0
167.5
151.4

Wood buildings and mobile homes..........
Mobile homes...........................
Prefabricated wood buildings...........

245
2451
2452

30.2
31.6
26.8

32.6
35.3
26.2

11.4
12.0
9.9

13.6
14.6
11.3

18.8
19.6
16.9

19.0
20.7
14.9

158.4
175.3
118.7

174.0
191.3
133.3

Miscellaneous wood products..............
Wood preserving.........................
Particleboard..........................
Wood products, n.e.c...................

249
2491
2492
2499

17.0
18.8

6.6
7.1

10.1

11.5
12.5
10.4
11.3

110.8
143.2

6.8

7.8
8.6
6.0
7.8

10.4
11.7

16.9

19.3
21.1
16.4
19.1

104.1

138.5
160.3
98.9
137.2

25

16.5

16.8

5.8

5.9

10.7

10.9

91.8

89.9

Household furniture......................
Wood household furniture...............
Upholstered household furniture........
Metal household furniture..............
Mattresses and bedsprlngs..............
Wood TV and radio cabinets.............
Household furniture, n.e.c.............

251
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

15.7
15.1
14.8
17.7
18.2
17.1
20.0

15.8
15.4
15.1
17.9
17.8
14.7
16.8

5.5
5.4
4.8
6.6
7.0
5.6
8.7

5.4
5.0
5.0
6.6
7.2
5.5
5.6

10.2
9.7
10.0
11.1
11.1
11.6
11.3

10.4
10.4
10.1
11.3
10.5
9.2
11.2

90.6
92.6
74.6
100.3
116.4
86.0
134.9

84.1
85.6
72.0
98.9
102.1
71.6
97.6

Office furniture.........................
Wood office furniture..................
Metal office furniture.................

252
2521
2522

16.9
14.8
18.1

20.0
18.6
20.8

5.9
5.5
6.1

7.1
6.7
7.3

11.1
9.3
12.1

12.9
11.9
13.5

96.2
89.3
100.2

111.2
105.5
114.3

Furniture and fixtures.....................

-

-

-

-

Public building and related furniture....

253

18.5

18.1

6.1

7.2

12.3

10.9

83.5

104.5

Partitions and fixtures..................
Wood partitions and fixtures...........
Metal partitions and fixtures..........

254
2541
2542

20.9
18.8
23.3

18.2
15.7
21.1

7.9
7.1
8.8

6.7
5.7
7.7

13.1
11.8
14.5

11.5
9.9
13.4

106.8
107.5
106.0

96.2
87.5
106.2

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures.....
Drapery hardware and blinds and shades..
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c..........

259
2591
2599

13.9
10.4
18.7

19.8
16.7
23.9

4.8
3.8
6.1

6.8
5.4
8.6

9.1
6.6
12.5

13.0
11.3
15.3

74.8
61.7
92.7

96.8
88.0
108.5

See footnotes at end of table.




63

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

Total
cases j»/

2/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Plumbing and heating, except electric....
Metal sanitary ware....................
Plumbing fittings and brass goods......
Heating equipment, except electric.....

343
3431
3432
3433

18.1
21.8
15.2
19.0

19.6
21.9
14.4
23.1

6.4
8.0
5.4
6.6

7.3
8.4
6.0
7.9

11.7
13.7
9.8
12.4

12.3
13.4
8.4
15.1

95.3
92.4
84.5
104.7

107.3
107.6
90.1
121.1

Fabricated structural metal products.....
Fabricated structural metal............
Metal doors, sash, and trim............
Fabricated plate work..................
Sheet-metal work.......................
Architectural metal work...............
Prefabricated metal buildings..........
Miscellaneous metal work...............

344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448
3449

21.6
23.4
21.6
21.3
21.3
19.2
20.5

8.1
9.9
7.2
8.0
6.9
7.9
7.9

-

13.6
14.3
15.2
11.5
14.7
14.6
12.4
12.4

129.1
160.1
112.0
127.4
106.0
135.8
128.6

-

8.4
10.6
8.5
7.3
8.5
7.3
7.5
8.3

13.5
13.5
14.4
13.3
14.5
11.3
12.6

-

22.0
24.9
23.7
18.8
23.2
21.9
19.9
20.7

-

126.2
159.1
119.1
108.6
135.4
106.9
105.8
129.5

Screw machine products, bolts, etc.......
Screw machine products.................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers.......

345
3451
3452

15.0
14.1
15.8

15.7
14.9
16.4

4.7
4.0
5.3

5.2
4.8
5.6

10.3
10.1
10.5

10.5
10.1
10.8

72.0
55.,4
86.5

81.8
71.2
91.0

Metal forgings and stampings.............
Iron and steel forgings................
Nonferrous forgings....................
Automotive stampings...................
Crowns and closures....................
Metal stampings, n.e.c.................

346
3462
3463
3465
3466
3469

17.6
23.2
13.7
19.4
18.5

17.9
27.5
11.2
13.0
14.2
19.4

6.4
10.5
4.6
7.3
6.2

7.0
12.7
4.3
4.9
6.9
6.8

11.2
12.7
9.1
12.2
12.4

10.9
14.8
6.9
8.0
7.3
12.5

108.4
191.2
71.6
309.9
95.5

111.5
205.4
72.3
71.6
163.1
111.6

Metal services, n.e.c....................
Plating and polishing..................
Metal coating and allied services......

347
3471
3479

16.1
15.4
17.6

16.7
15.4
19.6

6.2
6.1
6.7

6.9
6.5
7.7

9.9
9.4
11.0

9.8
8.8
11.9

93.4
90.6
99.8

95.5
88.1
112.1

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c..........
Small arms ammunition..................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c..........................
Small arms.............................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c.... .

348
3482

9.2
3.7

7.7
4.8

3.3
1.3

3.0
1.8

5.9
2.3

4.7
3.0

57.2
30.4

48.6
36.2

3483
3484
3489

11.3
9.3

7.8
7.7
11.1

4.0
3.6

2.7
3.6
4.1

7.3
5.6
-

5.1
4.1
7.0

77.3
52.8

49.4
50.3
59.6

Miscellaneous fabricated metal products...
Steel springs, except wire.............
Valves and pipe fittings...............
Wire springs...........................
Miscellaneous fabricated wire products..
Metal foil and leaf....................
Fabricated pipe and fittings...........
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c.......

349
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499

17.5
15.1
18.3
17.8
21.4
16.2

19.2
29.8
17.8
17.7
20.7
19.1
20.4
18.1

6.3
6.4
4.2
7.0
6.1
7.3
5.4

7.1
13.4
6.6
5.5
8.0
7.3
7.4
6.4

11.4
11.1
10.8
11.3
11.6
14.1
10.8

12.1
16.3
11.2
12.2
12.7
11.8
13.0
11.7

99.2
97.6
70.1
107.9
110.1
110.8
89.7

101.6
178.9
89.3
90.6
129.7
121.6
101.8
85.8

Machinery, except electrical...............




17.7

35

13.7

13.5

4.4

4.6

9.2

8.9

68.0

67.4

Engines and turbines.....................
Turbines and turbine generator sets....
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c.....

351
3511
3519

11.4
9.5
12.4

11.3
9.7
12.2

3.3
2.9
3.5

3.9
3.4
4.2

8.1
6.6
9.0

7.4
6.3
8.1

58.9
48.1
65.6

62.0
49.9
69.0

Farm and garden machinery................
Farm machinery and equipment...........
Lawn and garden equipment..............

352
3523
3524

19.2
19.7
14.6

17.3
17.4
16.5

6.8
7.1
9.1

6.4
6.5
5.4

12.4
12.6
10.5

10.9
10.9
11.1

88.8
91.4
66.8

85.8
87.8
69.3

Construction and related machinery.......
Construction machinery.................
Mining machinery.......................
Oil field machinery....................
Elevators and moving stairways.........
Conveyors and conveying equipment......
Holsts, cranes, and monorails..........
Industrial trucks and tractors.........

353
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537

17.0
16.1
20.7
18.7
12.2
17.8
17.7
13.5

16.6
15.9
19.8
16.1
15.2
18.2
20.2
15.4

6.4
5.9
7.1
8.3
3.3
6.0
6.6
4.6

6.5
6.2
7.4
6.9
5.0
6.6
7.4
5.9

10.6
10.2
13.6
10.4
8.9
11.8
11.0
8.9

10.1
9.7
12.4
9.2
10.2
11.6
12.7
9.5

98.0
86.4
112.4
126.3
68.6
88.8
107.1
84.5

95.4
89.1
107.9
104.4
92.9
77.1
127.8
90.7

Metalworking machinery...................
Machine tools, metal cutting types.....
Machine tools, metal forming types.....
Special dies, tools, jigs, and fixtures.
Machine tool accessories...............
Power driven hand tools................
Rolling mill machinery.................

354
3541
3542
3544
3545
3546
3547

13.0
12.6
15.5
13.2
12.2
10.5
14.8

13.6
13.2
14.6
13.6
13.0
12.9
13.3

3.5
3.6
4.8
3.3
3.1
2.7
4.5

3.9
3.9
4.5
3.8
3.9
3.3
4.0

9.5
8.9
10.7
9.9
9.1
7.9
10.3

9.7
9.3
10.1
9.8
9.1
9.5
9.3

56.1
60.2
68.0
53.5
51.3
43.6
72.7

60.6
66.8
59.7
59.5
57.6
47.1
92.5

Special industry machinery...............
Food products machinery................
Textile machinery......................
Woodworking machinery..................
Paper industries machinery.............
Printing trades machinery..............
Special industry machinery, n.e.c......

355
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

16.4
18.4
12.9
19.9
20.3
14.6
16.0

14.9
15.5
11.6
16.8
17.7
13.2
15.9

4.7
5.9
3.2
5.4
5.7
3.7
4.8

4.7
5.3
3.6
5.2
5.2
4.0
5.0

11.7
12.5
9.7
14.6
14.6
10.9
11.2

10.2
10.2
8.0
11.5
12.5
9.2
10.9

72.1
77.3
55.1
95.0
95.7
59.2
72.6

71.8
80.5
60.3
84.2
86.2
58.7
70.9

General industrial machinery.............
Pumps and pumping equipment............
Ball and roller bearings.... ..........
Air and gas compressors................
Blowers and fans.......................
Industrial patterns....................
Speed changers, drives, and gears......
Industrial furnaces and ovens..........
Power transmission equipment, n.e.c....
General industrial machinery, n.e.c....

356
3561
3562
3563
3564
3565
3566
3567
3568
3569

14.3
17.0
10.0
11.9
18.2
14.9
16.1
13.4
14.5

14.8
17.0
9.9
12.8
17.4
13.1
18.4
17.4
13.8
14.6

4.6
5.6
3.5
3.9
6.4
4.6
4.4
4.4
4.2

5.0
6.3
3.7
4.1
5.6
3.1
5.6
5.1
5.1
4.6

9.7
11.4
6.6
8.0
11.8
10.4
11.7
8.9
10.3

9.8
10.7
6.2
8.7
11.8
9.9
12.8
12.3
8.7
10.0

72.9
81.8
61.7
76.9
99.6
74.9
67.5
64.3
59.4

71.7
84.5
55.8
75.0
77.5
45.1
83.3
79.1
74.9
61.9

Office and computing machines............
Typewriters............................
Electronic computing equipment.........
Scales amd balances, except laboratory..
Office machines, n.e.c.................

357
3572
3573
3576
3579

4.3
3.4
3.7
7.6

4.5
3.5
3.7
12.8
8.5

1.7
1.3
1.6
2.4

1.7
1.5
1.5
3.0
2.7

2.6
2.0
2.1
5.2

2.8
2.0
2.2
9.8
5.8

27.4
21.2
26.6
34.1

25.5
26.6
22.2
49.9
34.0

See footnotes at end of table.

64

Table 8. OccupationaMnjury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers V

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases

1976

Stone, clay, and glass products............

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

1977

1976

1977

1976

Lost
workdays

1977

1976

1977

116.0

32

15.5

16.3

6.1

6.7

9.3

9.6

110.1

Flat glass...............................

321

17.6

19.3

4.3

4.7

13.3

14.6

86.3

96.8

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown....
Glass containers.......................
Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c.........

322
3221
3229

13.9
16.2
10.8

14.2
15.5
12.6

5.8
7.5
3.5

6.3
7.9
4.3

8.1
8.7
7.4

7.9
7.6
8.3

106.4
138.6
64.8

125.3
164.8
73.0

Products of purchased glass..............
Cement, hydraulic........................

323
324

17.6
13.0

19.1
11.5

5.7
3.1

6.3
4.1

11.8
9.9

12.8
7.3

68.9
91.0

99.8
104.6

Structural clay products.................
Brick and structural clay tile.........
Ceramic wall and floor tile............
Clay refractories......................
Structural clay products, n.e.c........

325
3251
3253
3255
3259

17.3
19.3
13.0
14.0
22.5

17.8
20.4
12.2
14.3
24.1

7.5
8.5
4.8
5.7
11.3

8.1
9.0
5.1
6.5
12.5

9.7
10.8
8.2
8.3
11.1

9.7
11.3
7.1
7.8
11.6

117.4
122.9
77.6
113.2
160.8

131.4
146.0
88.5
111.6
186.4

Pottery and related products.............
Vitreous plumbing fixtures.............
Vitreous china food utensils...........
Fine earthenware food utensils.........
Porcelain electrical supplies..........

326
3261
3262
3263
3264

15.6
24.6
11.6
11.1
12.7

15.6
27.1
7.5
13.0
11.7

6.6
11.7
5.9
6.5
4.9

7.1
12.7
5.1
7.4
5.0

9.0
12.9
5.8
4.6
7.8

8.5
14.4
2.3
5.6
6.7

116.1
201.4
106.5
146.5
99.4

109.2
180.4
114.5
99.1
93.1

Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products....
Concrete block and brick...............
Concrete products, n.e.c...............
Ready-mixed concrete...................
Gypsum products........................

327
3271
3272
3273
3275

16.1
16.5
20.5
14.9
6.3

17.9
18.4
23.6
15.6
7.1

6.9
8.0
8.8
6.2
1.6

7.5
8.3
10.1
6.4
2.2

9.2
8.5
11.6
8.6
4.7

10.3
10.1
13.5
9.1
4.9

129.1
146.0.
142.7
127.3
43.9

124.8
137.0
155.8
110.1
48.2

Cut stone and stone products.............

328

15.0

16.5

7.2

7.3

7.8

9.2

90.6

90.3

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products.............................
Abrasive products......................
Asbestos products......................
Gaskets, packing, and sealing devices...
Minerals, ground or treated............
Mineral wool...........................
Nonclay refractories...................

329
3291
3292
3293
3295
3296
3297

14.9
17.7
15.3
14.4
16.8
11.3
17.8

15.1
19.3
14.6
14.6
15.6
10.9
18.5

5.8
6.4
5.8
4.6
6.4
5.5
7.6

6.1
6.8
6.8
5.3
5.7
4.9
9.3

9.1
11.3
9.5
9.8
10.4
5.7
10.2

9.0
12.4
7.7
9.2
9.8
6.0
9.2

102.9
102.6
109.5
77.7
120.8
98.7
150.9

103.7
101.5
155.0
81.7
94.7
85.0
155.9

y P

’

................

Primary metal Industries...................

33

16.0

15.7

6.1

6.6

9.9

9.1

112.2

115.9

Blast furnace and basic steel products....
Blast furnaces and steel mills.........
Electrometallurgical products..........
Steel wire and related products........
Cold finishing of steel shapes.........
Steel pipe and tubes...................

331
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

11.7
10.1
13.3
18.8
25.6
23.1

11.7
10.0
14.1
21.9
27.4
21.4

4.0
3.3
4.8
9.3
8.3
9.9

4.5
3.7
5.4
10.3
10.2
9.0

7.7
6.9
8.5
9.5
17.3
13.3

7.2
6.2
8.7
11.6
17.1
12.4

85.7
76.0
93.4
141.8
168.2
151.6

93.2
83.3
104.4
161.8
177.6
141.3

Iron and steel foundries.................
Gray iron foundries....................
Malleable iron foundries...............
Steel investment foundries.............

332
3321
3322
3324
3325

26.2
26.3
17.9
27.9

24.0
24.5
26.2
15.2
23.0

10.5
10.4
"
7.1
11.3

10.7
11.2
11.0
5.7
10.2

15.7
15.8
10.8
16.5

13.2
13.3
15.2
9.5
12.7

168.6
156.4
115.7
216.3

160.6
158.3
176.5
58.7
177.7

Primary nonferrous metals................
Primary copper.........................
Primary lead...........................
Primary zinc...........................
Primary aluminum.......................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c.......

333
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

13.6
12.2
18.6
20.0
11.8
16.4

12.1
11.1
18.1
14.1
11.3
13.2

5.3
5.2
4.3
8.8
4.5
6.3

5.0
5.6
5.6
6.9
4.5
5.0

8.3
6.9
14.3
11.2
7.3
10.0

7.0
5.4
12.5
7.2
6.8
8.2

123.5
143.3
99.0
188.8
101.4
136.4

110.1
153.2
134.7
172.5
91.9
75.6

-

Secondary nonferrous metals..............

334

25.4

26.2

11.9

11.6

13.5

14.5

203.7

178.1

Nonferrous rolling and drawing...........
Copper rolling and drawing.............
Aluminum sheet, plate, and foil........
Aluminum extruded products.............
Aluminum rolling and drawing, n.e.c....
Nonferrous rolling and drawing, n.e.c...
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating..

335
3351
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357

13.2
16.9
12.7
14.7
10.4
11.9

13.6
16.9
10.9
14.3
10.3
12.4
13.6

4.9
6.7
3.9
5.9
3.7
4.6

5.6
6.7
4.3
6.1
3.6
4.3
5.9

8.3
10.3
8.8
8.8
6.6
7.3

8.0
10.2
6.6
8.1
6.7
8.1
7.7

93.9
122.1
82.3
118.8
68.1
84.1

98.8
120.9
70.6
115.0
62.6
76.0
102.7

Nonferrous foundries.....................
Aluminum foundries.....................
Brass, bronze, and copper foundries....
Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c............

336
3361
3362
3369

22.0
22.6
22.9
19.7

22.0
22.2
23.2
20.4

9.3
9.1
9.5
9.7

10.2
10.6
10.4
9.1

12.7
13.5
13.3
10.0

11.8
11.6
12.8
11.3

144.8
128.7
153.6
176.1

157.5
166.8
150.7
141.8

Miscellaneous primary metal products.....
Metal heat treating....................
Primary metal products, n.e.c..........

339
3398
3399

20.3
21.8
18.3

20.0
21.2
18.6

8.6
9.5
7.4

9.0
9.6
8.4

11.7
12.3
10.9

11.0
11.6
10.2

124.1
136.9
108.3

152.9
136.5
172.9

34

18.2

18.5

6.6

7.0

11.6

11.5

106.5

106.3

Metal cans and shipping containers.......
Metal cans.............................
Metal barrels, drums, and palls........

341
3411
3412

19.2
18.5
23.0

18.2
17.5
21.7

6.1
6.0
7.1

6.4
6.1
7.8

13.1
12.5
15.9

11.8
11.4
13.9

111.5
108.0
130.0

113.1
105.9
149.5

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware........
Cutlery................................
Hand and edge tools, n.e.c.............
Hand saws and saw blades...............
Hardware, n.e.c........................

342
3421
342 3
3425
3429

16.1
12.4
19.0
20.9
14.8

15.1
12.3
18.0
18.4
14.0

6.0
3.9
7.5
8.0
5.3

5.7
3,9
6.6
6.1
5.5

10.1
8.6
11.5
12.9
9.4

9.4
8.4
11.3
12.3
8.5

97.0
55.2
114.6
101.9
94.5

87.7
60.8
95.5
85.0
88.3

Fabricated metal products..................

See footnotes at end of table.




65

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Refrigeration and service machinery......
Automatic merchandising machines.......
Commercial laundry equipment...........
Refrigeration and heating equipment....
Measuring and dispensing pumps.........
Service industry machinery, n.e.c......

358
3581
3582
3585
3586
3589

15.7
15.4
20.6
15.5
12.9
16.9

15.6
21.1
19.0
14.7
18.7
16.6

4.7
5.1
5.5
4.8
3.8
4.7

5.0
6.6
5.1
4.9
5.9
5.0

11.0
10.4
15.0
10.7
9.2
12.2

10.6
14.5
13.9
9.8
12.8
11.6

78.2
78.9
81.9
82.9
60.8
65.3

73.4
81.2
78.4
72.4
105.6
68.3

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical...........................
Carburetors, pistons, rings, valves....
Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c....

359
3592
3599

15.0
12.6
15.3

15.1
13.0
15.4

4.8
4.9
4.8

5.0
5.1
5.0

10.2
7.8
10.5

10.1
7.9
10.4

66.9
77.9
65.2

68.4
74.9
67.3

Electric and electronic equipment..........

7.9

8.0

2.5

2.8

5.3

5.2

41.3

42.9

Electric distributing equipment..........
Transformers...........................
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus....

361
3612
3613

10.4
11.0
9.9

11.0
12.6
9.7

3.1
3.4
2.8

3.4
4.1
2.9

7.3
7.6
7.1

7.6
8.4
6.8

49.7
53.6
46.7

50.1
59.7
42.0

Electrical Industrial apparatus..........
Motors and generators..................
Industrial controls....................
Welding apparatus, electric............
Carbon and graphite products...........
Electrical Industrial apparatus, n.e.c..

362
3621
3622
3623
3624
3629

9.8
10.2
8.5
13.9
8.9

3.2
3.4
2.4
4.6
4.3
"

3.4
3.6
2.9
4.3
3.4
2.5

6.6
6.8
6.1
9.3
4.5
-

6.4
6.7
5.5
9.3
4.2
6.0

52.3
55.6
35.8
62.2
101.0

~

9.8
10.3
8.4
13.6
7.6
8.5

-

55.7
63.0
39.9
62.1
70.4
33.8

Household appliances.....................
Household cooking equipment............
Household refrigerators and freezers....
Household laundry equipment............
Electric housewares and fans...........
Household vacuum cleaners..............
Sewing machines........................
Household appliances, n.e.c............

363
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3639

12.3
18.0
9.6
11.2
7.4
7.5
23.4

12.7
18.8
9.3
12.2
12.0
6.8
10.9
21.9

3.6
5.4
2.6
3.5
2.7
2.0
7.6

4.0
6.4
2.7
3.6
3.8
3.0
1.9
8.0

8.7
12.5
7.0
7.7
4.7
5.5
15.8

8.6
12.4
6.6
8.6
8.2
3.8
9.0
13.8

52.9
84.7
33.9
52.6
60.7
27.2
121.1

55.5
99.7
37.5
37.5
44.1
59.7
42.9
112.3

Electic lighting and wiring equipment....
Electric lamps.........................
Current-carrying wiring devices........
Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices.....
Residential lighting fixtures..........
Commercial lighting fixtures...........
Vehicular lighting equipment...........

364
3641
364 3
3644
3645
3646
3647

11.3
7.1
9.9
20.5
14.5
17.1
5.9

10.6
5.7
9.5
19.1
13.3
18.9
5.7

3.7
1.8
2.9
8.1
5.0
6.5
1.9

3.6
1.6
3.0
8.2
4.1
5.9
1.9

7.6
5.4
7.0
12.5
9.5
10.5
4.0

7.0
4.1
6.5
10.9
9.2
13.0
3.8

63.3
37.2
50.1
119.0
86.2
119.8
33.3

59.4
29.8
51.3
118.9
67.2
102.9
32.5

Radio and TV receiving equipment.........
Radio and TV receiving sets............
Phonograph records.....................

365
3651
3652

7.5
7.2
8.7

8.3
8.5
7.3

2.6
2.3
3.8

2.9
2.8
3.3

5.0
5.0
5.0

5.3
5.7
4.0

39.3
34.7
57.9

43.2
41.3
50.4

Communication equipment..................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus......
Radio and TV communication equipment....

366
3661
3662

4.0
4.7
3.8

4.3
5.2
3.9

1.3
1.6
1.2

1.6
2.2
1.4

2.7
3.0
2.6

2.7
3.0
2.5

22.8
32.3
19.0

. 27.2
36.5
23.1

Electronic components and accessories....
Electron tubes, receiving type.........
Cathode ray television picture tubes....
Electron tubes, transmitting...........
Semiconductors and related devices.....
Electronic capacitors..................
Electronic resistors...................
Electronic coils and transformers......
Electronic components, n.e.c...........

367
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3679

6.0
3.6

1.9
.8
1.8
1.6
1.7
2.7
2.5
2.0

2.2
1.4
4.3
2.0
1.7
1.9
3.0
2.8
2.3

4.1
2.8
3.1
2.8
4.2
6.0
6.9
4.5

4.2
1.2
4.2
5.4
2.8
3.9
5.8
7.4
5.1

31.2
23.8

4.9
4.3
5.9
8.7
9.4
6.5

6.4
2.6
8.5
7.4
4.5
5.8
8.8
10.2
7.4

33.2
28.1
35.3
51.0
39.5
24.3

32.6
24.2
85.4
28.2
27.8
34.4
51.4
27.3
31.3

369
3691
3693
3694

9.6
19.1
5.8
7.7

9.0
18.2
5.3
7.4

3.8
8.9
1.8
2.8

3.7
8.8
1.6
3.0

5.9
10.2
4.0
4.9

5.3
9.4
3.6
4.4

58.7
147.3
29.9
41.4

56.0
140.0
23.0
43.6
48.0

Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
supplies.............................
Storage batteries......................
X-ray apparatus and tubes..............
Engine electrical equipment............
Electrical equipment and
supplies, n.e.c......................

-

9.1

8.2

3.5

3.3

5.6

4.9

61.2

37

11.8

11.2

4.5

4.8

7.3

6.4

70.9

76.1

Motor vehicles and equipment.............
Motor vehicles and car bodies..........
Truck and bus bodies...................
Motor vehicle parts and accessories....
Truck trailers.........................

371
3711
3713
3714
3715

11.8
9.5
23.1
12.3
28.7

11.0
8.9
25.1
10.7
27.2

4.3
3.4
8.6
4.5
10.3

4.6
3.9
9.5
4.5
11.0

7.5
6.1
14.5
7.8
18.4

6.4
5.0
15.5
6.2
16.2

59.4
43.4
111.4
66.0
157.4

66.1
50.5
137.8
69.0
160.3

Aircraft and parts.......................
Aircraft...............................
Aircraft engines and engine parts......
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c..............

372
3721
3724
3728

5.9
4.7
5.6
10.1

5.7
4.4
5.9
9.5

2.0
1.5
2.4
3.1

2.1
1.6
2.4
3.2

3.9
3.1
3.3
7.0

3.6
2.8
3.4
6.3

34.0
27.8
37.7
49.6

34.1
28.4
37.9
46.7

Ship and boat building and repairing.....
Ship building and repairing............
Boat building and repairing............

373
3731
3732

22.6
22.1
24.4

21.2
20.2
25.0

10.5
10.8
9.4

10.4
10.7
9.5

12.2
11.4
15.0

10.8
9.5
15.5

191.4
205.1
142.6

199.0
214.4
141.3

Railroad equipment.......................
Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts.........

374
375

17.7
14.4

19.1
15.0

6.8
4.7

7.6
4.7

10.9
9.7

11.5
10.3

146.0
75.9

159.4
73.1

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and
parts................................
Guided missiles and space vehicles.....
Space propulsion units and parts.......

376
3761
3764

3.3
2.9

2.8
2.5
9.6

1.2
1.2

*

1.7
1.4
3.2

18.1
16.9

-

i.i
i.i
1.4

2.0
1.7

-

-

19.7
19.1
24.4

Miscellaneous transportation equipment....
Travel trailers and campers............
Tanks and tank components..............
Transportation equipment, n.e.c........

379
3792
3795
3799

26.9
29.5
15.3
23.4

25.2
27.8
13.6
24.1

9.2
9.7
5.6
9.7

9.9
10.4
6.1
11.2

17.6
19.8
9.7
13.7

15.3
17.4
7.5
12.9

115.3
120.2
72.5
124.7

127.9
139.0
69.5
129.6

Transportation equipment...................




36

3699

See footnotes at end of table.

66

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases 4/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

Instruments and related products...........

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

38

6.6

6.5

2.1

2.2

4.5

4.3

33.8

Engineering and scientific instruments....

381

5.7

6.0

2.0

1.9

3.8

4.1

32.0

34.8
30.7

Measuring and controlling devices........
Environmental controls.................
Process control instruments............
Fluid meters and counting devices......
Instruments to measure electricity.....
Measuring and controlling
devices, n.e.c.......................

382
3822
3823
3824
3825

7.3
8.5
7.8
10.3
5.2

7.0
8.0
7.0
10.7
5.4

2.3
2.9
2.1
3.2
1.9

2.3
2.9
2.3
3.4
1.9

5.0
5.6
5.7
7.1
3.3

4.7
5.1
4.7
7.3
3.5

36.9
53.4
30.5
46.1
27.9

38.3
53.3
38.4
50.9
28.5

3829

8.5

8.0

2.6

2.2

5.9

5.7

38.3

30.1

Optical instruments and lenses...........

383

5.2

6.0

1.4

2.3

3.8

3.7

25.0

44.3

Medical instruments and supplies.........
Surgical and medical instruments.......
Surgical appliances and supplies.......
Dental equipment and supplies..........

384
3841
3842
3843

7.3
6.4
7.5
9.2

7.2
6.7
7.1
8.8

2.3
2.1
2.4
2.7

2.3
2.0
2.5
2.6

5.0
4.3
5.2
6.5

4.8
4.7
4.6
6.2

37.7
38.8
38.4
31.9

34.1
27.4
38.7
37.3

Ophthalmic goods.........................
Photographic equipment and supplies......
Watches, clocks, and watchcases..........

385
386
387

6.1
6.0
6.3

6.7
5.6
5.1

2.2
2.0
2.0

2.7
2.0
1.8

3.9
3.9
4.3

4.0
3.6
3.3

33.4
29.4
29.9

31.3
32.2
30.6

39

11.0

10.9

3.8

3.8

7.2

7.1

56.2

56.0

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware.....
Jewelry, precious metal................
Silverware and plated ware.............

391
3911
3914

6.0
4.5
11.0

5.6
4.1
9.3

2.1
1.4
4.9

2.1
1.3
4.8

3.9
3.1
6.1

3.5
2.8
4.5

35.2
18.8
91.5

30.7
14.9
83.5

Musical instruments......................

393

12.6

13.2

4.5

4.9

8.1

8.3

56.8

70.9

Toys and sporting goods..................
Dolls..................................
Games, toys, and children's vehicles....
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c.....

394
3942
3944
3949

13.0

12.8
7.7
12.4
13.9

4.7

4.7
3.5
4.9
4.7

8.3

67.9

8.1
9.1

8.1
4.2
7.5
9.2

65.5
44.1
74.7
61.0

Pens, pencils, office and art supplies....
Pens and mechanical pencils............
Lead pencils and art goods.............
Marking devices........................
Carbon paper and inked ribbons.........

395
3951
3952
3953
3955

9.9
7.0
11.9
7.6

9.9
7.5
13.8
6.9
13.3

3.7
3.0
4.3
1.6

3.8
2.8
5.5
2.2
5.7

6.2
4.0
7.6
6.0
-

6.1
4.7
8.3
4.7
7.6

52.6
44.8
59.1
22.0

55.3
41.4
69.0
31.7
101.3

Costume jewelry and notions..............
Costume jewelry........................
Buttons................................
Needles, pins, and fasteners...........

396
3961
3963
3964

7.9
6.1
8.8
9.7

7.7
5.9
7.4
10.1

2.5
2.0
2.7
2.9

2.5
2.1
2.3
3.0

5.4
4.1
6.1
6.7

5.2
3.8
5.1
7.1

40.7
33.5
28.5
50.3

38.1
31.5
29.8
49.2

Miscellaneous manufactures...............
Brooms and brushes.....................
Signs and advertising displays.........
Burial caskets.........................
Hard surface floor coverings...........
Manufacturing industries, n.e.c........

399
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

12.7
12.5
14.1
16.0
10.9
11.0

12.9
13.6
14.0
15.8
11.5
11.2

4.0
4.2
4.6
4.6
4.1
3.2

4.3
4.9
4.4
4.5
5.1
3.8

8.7
8.3
9.5
11.4
6.7
7.7

8.6
8.7
9.6
11.3
6.4
7.3

62.3
64.5
80.0
58.0
74.5
45.6

64.4
85.1
64.1
74.3
66.1
54.7

11.3

11.3

4.2

4.5

7.1

6.8

70.4

73.5

20

18.5

18.7

7.7

8.1

10.8

10.6

119.3

125.0

Meat products............................
Meatpacking plants.....................
Sausages and other prepared meats......
Poultry dressing plants................
Poultry and egg processing.............

201
2011
2013
2016
2017

26.4
32.4
20.9
20.0
19.0

26.8
31.5
24.6
20.4
19.4

11.4
14.6
9.0
7.3
7.2

11.8
14.4
10.8
8.2
7.7

15.1
17.7
11.9
12.7
11.8

14.9
17.0
13.8
12.2
11.6

151.4
182.8
136.0
107.7
108.4

156.4
183.8
143.1
120.0
112.1

Dairy products...........................
Cheese, natural and processed..........
Condensed and evaporated milk..........
Ice cream and frozen desserts..........
Fluid milk.............................

202
2022
2023
2024
2026

14.6
13.4

5.9
5.4
6.9
6.1

6.4
5.7
5.3
7.1
6.6

8.7
8.0
9.3
9.0

8.4
7.6
6.7
9.5
8.6

104.7
91.7

16.2
15.1

14.8
13.3
12.0
16.6
15.2

96.7
114.3

113.0
85.2
92.7
119.7
120.9

Preserved fruits and vegetables...........
Canned specialties.....................
Canned fruits and vegetables...........
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, soups....
Pickles, sauces, and salad dressings....
Frozen fruits and vegetables...........
Frozen specialties.....................

203
2032
2033
2034
2035
2037
2038

16.7
11.5
18.6
15.7
15.3
18.8
14.0

16.5
12.3
17.1
17.1
16.7
19.2
13.5

6.9
5.1
7.4
7.0
5.7
8.1
5.9

7.1
5.2
6.9
8.3
7.7
8.7
6.1

9.9
6.4
11.2
8.7
9.6
10.7
8.1

9.4
7.1
10.2
8.8
9.0
10.4
7.4

117.5
91.3
121.1
116.5
114.4
132.1
112.2

118.5
98.0
110.8
133.9
110.1
158.1
99.6

Grain mill products......................
Flour and other grain mill products....
Cereal breakfast foods.................
Rice milling...........................
Blended and prepared flour.............
Wet corn milling.......................
Dog, cat, and other pet food...........

204
2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

15.0
14.6
15.1
20.3
16.0
9.9
17.4
14.9

14.6
15.0
16.0
17.7
14.7
10.2
17.1
13.8

6.5
6.1
5.4
9.3
6.9
4.6
7.7
6.8

6.4
6.8
6.9
8.9
6.7
5.4
7.1
5.8

8.4
8.5
9.7
11.0
9.1
5.3
9.7
8.1

8.2
8.2
9.1
8.8
7.9
4.8
10.0
8.0

110.8
116.7
109.9
217.6
118.8
91.9
136.3
94.6

112.4
124.9
142.3
164.6
125.0
85.4
124.0
94.2

Bakery products..........................
Bread, cake, and related products......
Cookies and crackers...................

205
2051
2052

13.4
13.5
12.9

14.0
14.2
13.0

5.6
5.7
5.3

6.3
6.4
5.6

7.8
7.8
7.6

7.7
7.8
7.4

101.2
98.3
115.1

112.7
111.8
117.3

Miscellaneous manufacturing industries.....

Nondurable goods ...........................
Food and kindred products..................

-

13.4
13.8

”

-

See footnotes at end of table.




67

-

5.2
4.6

_

-

76.5
66.5

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued




Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers V

Industry 1/

SIC
code
2/

Total
cases 4/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

6.4
9.6
6.3
11.5
5.0

8.3
12.3
6.7
9.8
7.4
8.6

8.0
10.9
7.2
9.4
7.4
6.7
9.3

103.2
118.8
132.7
135.3
80.3

5.7

6.5
8.6
5.5
10.5
5.8
3.9
6.1

179.8

102.9
127.9
107.5
129.4
92.9
74.2
125.4

Sugar and confectionery products.........
Raw cane sugar.........................
Cane sugar refining....................
Beet sugar.............................
Confectionery products.................
Chocolate and cocoa products...........
Chewing gum............................

206
2061
2062
2063
2065
2066
2067

14.7
21.9
13.0
21.3
12.4
14.3

14.5
19.6
12.7
20.0
13.2
10.6
15.4

Fats and oils............................
Cottonseed oil mills...................
Soybean oil mills......................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c.............
Animal and marine fats and oils........
Shortening and cooking oils............

207
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

20.3
20.0
15.2
15.0
26.2
19.9

21.3
19.8
17.1
15.5
24.1
22.9

7.7
7.7
4.6
5.5
12.7
6.1

8.9
8.4
6.6
6.6
11.4
8.5

12.5
12.3
10.5
9.4
13.5
13.8

12.4
11.3
10.5
8.8
12.7
14.3

131.4
160.8
89.7
177.7
175.1
101.0

137.5
159.7
129.3
122.3
162.8
104.8

Beverages................................
Malt beverages.........................
Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits......
Distilled liquor, except brandy........
Bottled and canned soft drinks.........
Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c....

208
2082
2084
2085
2086
2087

22.8
22.9
17.6
15.7
25.5
8.2

22.5
18.9
18.3
15.7
26.4
7.5

9.0
7.4
8.6
6.1
10.5
3.5

9.3
6.0
9.3
6.1
11.5
3.4

13.8
15.5
9.0
9.6
15.0
4.7

13.2
12.9
9.0
9.6
14.9
4.1

125.0
128.?
125.4
109.9
131.5
51.2

128.3
116.5
106.2
116.4
142.9
47.0

Miscellaneous foods and kindred products..
Canned and cured seafoods..............
Fresh or frozen packaged fish..........
Roasted coffee.........................
— ■ Macaroni and spaghetti.................
Food preparations, n.e.c...............

209
2091
2092
2095
2098
2099

15.4
16.5
16.3
13.0
17.7
14.9

16.0
18.9
19.6
13.6
16.7
14.5

6.5
7.2
7.3
5.0
7.9
6.0

7.3
7.9
8.9
6.7
6.9
6.6

8.9
9.3
9.0
8.0
9.8
8.8

8.7
11.0
10.7
6.9
9.8
7.9

103.5
116.0
106.3
94.0
144.2
91.1

115.8
120.4
107.1
139.1
163.0
106.2

Tobacco manufactures.......................
Cigarettes...............................
Cigars..................... .............
Chewing and smoking tobacco..............
Tobacco stemming and redrying............
Textile mill products......................

-

-

-

-

9.9

9.0

4.1

3.8

5.8

5.2

62.2

66.0

211
212
213
214

8.9
6.2
14.2
15.1

7.3
8.6
11.9
14.8

4.2
2.2
4.3
4.7

3.8
2.6
3.1
4.9

4.7
4.0
9.9
10.4

3.5
6.0
8.8
9.9

67.1
39.2
77.0
57.8

73.5
42.1
54.3
60.6

21

22

10.3

10.0

2.7

2.9

7.6

7.1

54.7

56.4

Weaving mills, synthetics................
Weaving and finishing mills, wool........
Narrow fabric mills......................

222
223
224

8.8
11.5
10.2

7.9
12.6
10.5

1.8
4.2
3.4

1.9
5.4
3.3

7.0
7.2
6.8

6.0
7.2
7.2

45.5
88.5
54.9

44.6
95.4
57.4

Knitting mills...........................
Women's hosiery, except socks..........
Hosiery, n.e.c.........................
Knit outerwear mills...................
Knit underwear mills...................
Circular knit fabric mills.............
Warp knit fabric mills.................
Knitting mills, n.e.c..................

225
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
2258
2259

8.0
4.5
5.7
6.7
8.5
11.7
12.3
13.4

7.6
4.3
5.2
6.4
8.6
11.1
10.1
12.6

2.6
1.4
1.9
2.0
2.9
3.8
3.6
4.8

2.6
1.6
2.0
2.1
3.0
4.0
2.6
5.7

5.5
3.0
3.8
4.6
5.6
7.9
8.7
8.6

5.0
2.7
3.2
4.3
5.6
7.1
7.5
6.8

41.1
16.3
26.2
37.3
44.6
66.2
52.3
80.6

39.2
21.0
24.5
33.1
34.8
70.4
44.3
90.5

Textile finishing, except wool...........
Finishing plants, cotton...............
Finishing plants, synthetics...........
Finishing plants, n.e.c................

226
2261
2262
2269

13.0
12.7
12.9
13.8

12.6
11.5
13.8
12.9

3.9
3.7
3.7
4.9

4.4
4.1
4.9
4.0

9.1
9.0
9.2
9.0

8.2
7.4
8.8
8.9

81.0
94.8
63.9
85.3

77.9
81.4
76.6
73.2

Floor covering mills.....................
Woven carpets and rugs.................
Tufted carpets and rugs................

227
2271
2272

11.8
11.4
12.0

12.4
11.9
12.7

3.1
1.9
3.2

3.4
2.8
3.5

8.7
9.5
8.7

9.0
9.1
9.2

63.7
49.5
66.6

75.3
56.1
79.9

Yarn and thread mills....................
Yarn mills, except wool................
Throwing and winding mills.............
Wool y a m mills........................

228
2281
2282
2283

11.7
11.7
10.8
14.0

11.8
12.0
10.9
13.1

2.8
2.7
2.7
4.1

2.8
2.6
2.7
4.9

8.9
9.0
8.1
9.8

9.0
9.4
8.2
8.1

57.6
60.3
47.8
72.3

55.7
57.5
41.8
83.1

Miscellaneous textile goods..............
Felt goods, except woven felts and hats.
Paddings and upholstery filling........
Processed textile waste................
Coated fabrics, not rubberized.........
Nonwoven fabrics.......................
Cordage and twine......................
Textile goods, n.e.c.............. .

229
2291
2293
2294
2295
2297
2298
2299

14.9
24.4
16.9
15.2
16.2
16.4
16.6

5.1
6.7
8.4
5.2
5.7
4.2
5.5

9.8
17.7
8.5
10.0
10.5
12.2
11.1

8.3
11.2
9.9
7.1
8.2
10.2
9.3
8.9

97.9
135.6
134.0
116.3
124.0
96.4
73.0

-

13.9
18.2
18.6
12.9
14.8
15.8
14.6
13.8

-

5.5
7.0
8.7
5.8
6.6
5.6
5.3
4.9

-

104.0
135.9
152.1
84.0
134.4
114.9
89.5
95.5

23

6.5

6.5

1.9

1.9

4.6

4.5

30.1

30.7

Men's and boys' suits and coats..........

231

6.3

6.4

2.3

2.3

4.1

4.1

44.3

35.1

Men's and boys' furnishings..............
Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear....
Men's and boys' underwear..............
Men's and boys' neckwear...............
Men's and boys' separate trousers......
Men's and boys' work clothing..........
Men's and boys' clothing, n.e.c........

232
2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

7.7
6.1
6.9
3.4
8.0
9.7
7.8

8.1
5.9
7.2
2.9
7.4
11.4
8.2

2.3
1.6
2.3
.8
2.4
3.2
2.0

2.5
1.7
2.3
.7
2.4
3.7
2.2

5.4
6.5
4.6
2.6
5.6
6.5
5.8

5.6
4.2
4.9
2.2
5.0
7.6
5.9

34.1
22.8
33.9
9.7
40.1
49.1
25.1

38.5
23.6
35.8
14.7
35.9
63.9
29.9

Women's and misses' outerwear............
Women's and misses' blouses and waists..
Women's and misses' dresses............
Women's and misses' outerwear, n.e.c....

233
2331
2335
2339

4.7
4.1
3.4
6.4

4.6
4.1
3.2
6.1

1.2
.9
.8
1.7

1.2
1.0
.8

3.5
3.2
2.6
4.7

3.4
3.1
2.3
4.5

20.7
17.1
14.5
28.7

20.6
18.1
11.2
27.9

Apparel and other textile products.........

L _ ^ _
See footnotes at end of table.

68

_

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

SIC
Industry _ /
1

Total
cases _4/

2/

Lost
workday

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Women's and children's undergarments.....
Women's and children's underwear.......
Brassieres and allied garments.........

234
2341
2342

6.0
5.9
6.5

5.7
6.0
4.6

1.5
1.4
1.6

1.5
1.6
1.2

4.6
4.5
4.9

4.2
4.4
3.4

23.2
22.0
26.9

21.2
21.7
19.4

Hats, caps, and millinery................
Hats and caps, except millinery........

235
2352

7.2
7.6

6.5
7.1

2.3
2.5

1.9
2.1

4.9
5.1

4.5
5.0

31.8
31.8

30.5
31.8

Children's outerwear.....................
Children's dresses and blouses.........
Children's coats and suits.............
Children's outerwear, n.e.c............

236
2361
2363
2369

6.2
5.9
6.0
6.6

5.7
5.6
5.2
5.9

1.5
1.1
1.4
1.9

1.6
1.3
1.4
1.8

4.7
4.8
4.6
4.6

4.1
4.3
3.8
4.0

19.9
13.5
21.4
24.6

22.9
16.1
19.9
29.1

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories....
Fabric dress and work gloves...........
Robes and dressing gowns...............
Waterproof outergarments...............
Apparel belts..........................
Apparel and accessories, n.e.c.........

238
2381
2384
2385
2387
2389

6.0
5.5
5.8
6.0
8.1
4.5

5.9
6.1
5.5
6.0
7.3
4.5

1.8
2.4
1.2
1.6
2.2
1.4

2.0
2.3
1.9
1.8
2.0
1.4

4.1
3.2
4.6
4.4
5.9
3.1

3.9
3.7
3.6
4.2
5.3
3.1

29.1
41.6
18.6
25.4
33.9
23.4

31.4
42.5
32.3
28.9
29.0
23.3

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
nroducts.............................
Curtains and draperies........... ......
House furnishings, n.e.c...............
Textile bags...........................
Canvas and related products............
Pleating and stitching.................
Automotive and apparel trimmings.......
Schiffli machine embroideries..........
Fabricated textile products, n.e.c.....

239
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2399

8.9
9.9
10.2
4.0
8.3
6.2
8.9

8.4
6.9
7.7
13.6
10.6
4.6
6.8
9.0
9.3

2.8
2.7
3.6
1.8
2.8
1.8
3.0

2.7
2.2
2.8
4.5
3.9
1.9
2.4
2.7
2.9

6.1
7.2
6.6
2.2
5.5
4.3
5.9

5.7
4.7
6.9
9.1
6.7
2.7
4.4
6.3
6.4

45.7
46.6
67.2
30.9
42.2
39.0
40.1

43.3
38.7
43.6
62.6
42.8
27.3
54.3
32.5
37.0

Paper and allied products..................

26

13.4

13.3

4.6

4.9

8.8

8.3

93.0

99.6

Pulp mills...............................
Paper mills, except building paper.......
Paperboard mills.........................

261
262
263

13.4
10.8
12.2

12.3
10.2
13.2

2.9
3.6
3.8

3.0
3.9
4.9

10.6
7.1
8.4

9.2
6.3
8.3

73.7
92.8
89.3

83.0
103.2
109.5

Miscellaneous converted paper products....
Paper coating and glazing..............
Envelopes..............................
Bags, except textile bags..............
Die-cut paper and board................
Pressed and molded pulp goods..........
Sanitary paper products................
Stationery products.............. .....
Converted paper products, n.e.c........

264
2641
2642
2643
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

13.8
14.8
15.3
14.2
10.9
15.0
9.1
18.7
13.9

13.6
12.2
16.5
15.7
12.5
15.9
9.5
16.6
13.8

5.0
5.3
6.1
5.1
4.2
6.4
2.7
7.7
5.1

5.1
4.4
6.6
5.6
5.2
7.8
3.0
6.3
5.3

8.7
9.5
9.1
9.1
6.7
8.6
6.3
11.1
8.8

8.5
7.8
9.9
10.1
7.3
8.1
6.4
10.2
8.5

85.3
87.1
95.3
94.6
61.8
127.2
50.7
107.4
85.8

87.1
72.0
105.2
99.0
68.0
137.0
58.2
105.2
103.6

Paperboard containers and boxes..........
Folding paperboard boxes...............
Set-up paperboard boxes................
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes.......
Sanitary food containers...............
Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products.............................

265
2651
2652
2653
2654

15.7
14.6
12.4
18.2
10.3

15.7
14.2
13.3
17.9
11.0

5.3
5.0
4.3
6.1
3.7

5.8
5.0
5.2
6.6
4.3

10.4
9.6
8.1
12.0
6.6

9.9
9.1
8.1
11.3
6.7

98.4
83.7
73.7
114.1
71.0

104.2
88.8
82.1
121.4
80.2

2655

15.4

16.0

5.1

5.8

10.3

10.2

104.5

96.8

Building paper and board mills...........

266

15.5

13.4

6.1

5.7

9.4

7.6

181.9

144.1

27

6.7

6.6

2.5

2.6

4.1

4.0

39.5

40.2

Newspapers...............................
Periodicals..............................

271
272

5.4
3.0

5.2
2.6

2.2
1.1

2.3
1.0

3.2
1.9

2.9
1.6

37.9
16.7

41.4
13.1

Books....................................
Book publishing........................
Book printing..........................

273
2731
2732

7.4
4.7
13.1

7.1
4.6
12.2

2.5
1.6
4.4

2.5
1.7
4.2

4.9
3.1
8.7

4.6
2.9
7.9

36.9
25.5
61.5

33.2
19.8
60.9

Printing and publishing....................

Miscellaneous publishing.................

274

3.5

3.1

1.2

1.4

2.3

1.7

25.9

21.6

Commercial printing......................
Commercial printing, letterpress.......
Commercial printing, lithographic......
Engraving and plate printing...........
Commercial printing, gravure...........

275
2751
2752
2753
2754

8.3
7.9
8.2
6.9
18.7

8.2
7.3
8.4
7.2
17.0

3.1
3.1
2.9
2.3
8.7

3.1
2.9
3.1
2.7
8.5

5.1
4.8
5.2
4.6
9.9

5.0
4.4
5.3
4.5
8.5

48.1
49.3
44.0
25.8
127.7

45.8
45.1
42.7
43.5
110.5

Manifold business forms..................
Greeting card publishing.................

276
277

11.3
5.4

11.2
6.8

4.1
2.3

4.6
2.5

7.2
3.1

6.6
4.3

57.8
24.1

68.7
34.6

Blankbooks and bookbinding...............
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders.......
Bookbinding and related work...........

278
2782
2789

9.5
9.2
9.9

10.8
10.0
11.9

3.4
3.3
3.5

4.2
3.9
4.6

6.1
5.9
6.4

6.6
6.1
7.3

49.0
46.4
52.9

54.7
47.1
66.0

Printing trade services..................
Typesetting............................
Photoengraving.........................

279
2791
2793

2.8
-

2.7
1.7
4.3

.8
-

.8
.6
1.3

2.0
-

1.9
1.1
3.0

10.2
-

13.3
9.0
28.4

“

7.5

7.3

2.9

2.9

4.6

4.4

48.0

48.0

Industrial inorganic chemicals...........
Alkalies and chlorine..................
Industrial gases.......................
Inorganic pigments.....................
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c...

281
2812
2813
2816
2819

6.4
5.4
7.1
11.0
6.0

6.2
4.9
7.3
10.2
5.8

2.5
2.1
2.6
5.0
2.2

2.4
2.2
2.8
4.2
2.2

4.0
3.3
4.4
6.0
3.7

3.8
2.7
4.4
6.0
3.6

50.1
46.8
42.8
107.6
44.8

49.9
50.8
54.8
89.9
43.7

Plastics materials and synthetics........
Plastics materials and resins..........
Synthetic rubber.......................
Cellulosic man-made fibers.............
Organic fibers, noncellulosic..........

282
2821
2822
2823
2824

5.5
7.8
3.6
3.3

5.5
8.5
9.3
3.2
2.7

2.1
3.3
1.3
1.1

2.0
3.3
4.3
.9
.8

3. 2
4.6
2.3
2.2

3.4
5.2
5.0
2.3
1.9

38.9
61.6
25.6
18.5

35.7
52.0
66.5
18.0
20.0

Chemicals and allied products..............

28

See footnotes at end of table.




69

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers _3/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

SIC
Industry 1/

Total
cases 4V

2/

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

1976

1977

Drugs....................................
Biological products....................
Medlclnals and botanlcals..............
Pharmaceutical preparations............

283
2831
2833
2834

5.8
5.3
7.0
5.8

5.6
5.1
6.9
5.6

2.4
2.1
3.2
2.4

2.5
2.2
2.8
2.5

3.4
3.1
3.8
3.4

3.1
2.9
4.1
3.1

35.2
37.0
52.2
33.0

36.5
37.2
43.5
35.6

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods.........
Soap and other detergents..............
Polishes and sanitation goods..........
Surface active agents..................
Toilet preparations....................

284
2841
2842
2843
2844

9.0
8.5
10.0
12.6
8.2

9.3
9.3
10.9
13.6
7.9

3.6
3.7
4.3
4.5
3.1

3.7
4.1
3.6
5.5
3.2

5.3
4.8
5.7
8.1
5.1

5.6
5.2
7.3
8.1
4.6

58.1
59.7
55.2
94.3
53.9

56.1
64.1
55.8
61.0
49.4

Paints and allied products...............

285

13.0

12.6

5.0

5.0

8.0

7.6

64.5

69.6

Industrial organic chemicals.............
Gum and wood chemicals.................
Cyclic crudes and intermediates........
Industrial organic chemicals, n.e.c....

286
2861
2865
2869

7.6
13.1
8.4

3.0
6.5
3.0

3.5
5.2
5.1
2.9

45.2
111.6
48.6

-

2.3
4.6
3.3
1.9

4.6
6.7
5.4

-

5.8
9.9
8.4
4.8

41.8
107.4
64.5
31.0

Agricultural chemicals...................
Nitrogenous fertilizers................
Phosphate fertilizers..................
Fertilizers, mixing only...............
Agricultural chemicals, n.e.c..........

287
2873
2874
2875
2879

9.1
8.6
9.7
11.5
7.4

9.5
9.5
9.1
13.0
7.5

3.1
2.6
2.1
4.0
3.4

3.3
3.0
2.2
5.0
3.2

6.0
6.0
7.6
7.4
4.0

6.2
6.5
6.9
7.9
4.3

47.7
44.2
52.1
56.5
41.1

5A.8
53.2
57.5
71.6
43.2

Miscellaneous chemical products..........
Adhesives and sealants.................
Explosives.............................
Printing ink...........................
Carbon black...........................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c...........

289
2891
2892
2893
2895
2899

11.1
15.4
6.5
9.4

4.1
5.9
1.8
3.5

7.4

7.4
9.6
3.3
8.0
6.4
7.9

72.5
90.7
40.4
65.5

6.2

4.6
5.7
2.2
4.3
3.3
5.3

7.1
9.4
4.6
5.8

11.6

12.0
15.3
5.5
12.3
9.7
13.3

77.6
100.4
43.1
63.6
86.9
84.6

29

7.6

7.8

3.1

3.2

4.5

4.6

61.3

57.9

Petroleum refining.......................

291

5.5

5.5

2.5

2.5

3.0

3.0

46.6

44.3

Paving and roofing materials.............
Paving mixtures and blocks.............
Asphalt felts and coatings.............

295
2951
2952

15.9
12.6
17.8

15.3
11.5
17.5

5.4
4.6
5.9

5.2
4.0
5.9

10.5
8.0
12.0

10.1
7.4
11.6

118.8
113.2
122.2

100.2
78.4
112.4

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products.............................
Lubricating oils and greases...........
Petroleum and coal products, n.e.c.....

299
2992
2999

14.5
12.4
22.4

17.3
15.2
24.6

5.7
4.7
9.6

7.0
6.1
9.8

8.8
7.7
12.7

10.3
9.1
14.8

106.2
71.0
236.4

137.8
99.4
224.6

30

16.1

16.1

6.8

7.4

9.3

8.7

109.0

112.9

301
302
303
304
306
307

14.4
8.9

9.9
4.0

10.5
4.0
10.2
6.8
7.8
6.4

4.4
4.9

4.5
6.0
10.1
5.8
8.9
10.4

159.6
69.6

17.2
17.2
16.7

15.1
10.0
20.4
12.6
16.7
16.8

169.4
73.7
237.0
117.4
124.6
92.5

Petroleum and coal products................

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..
Tires and inner tubes....................
Rubber and plastics footwear.............
Reclaimed rubber.........................
Rubber and plastics hose and belting.....
Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c........
Miscellaneous plastics products..........

-

-

-

-

7.8
7.5
5.8

-

-

9.4
9.7
10.9

77.2

-

118.1
125.9
91.6

31

10.8

10.8

3.9

4.1

7.0

6.7

64.5

65.1

Leather tanning and finishing............
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings.....

311
313

21.7
13.8

21.8
13.8

9.8
4.6

10.5
4.7

11.9
9.2

11.3
9.1

158.2
68.5

157.1
72.3

Footwear, except rubber..................
House slippers.........................
Men's footwear, except athletic........
Women's footwear, except athletic......
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c.........

314
3142
3143
3144
3149

9.7
8.7
10.3
9.4
9.2

9.8
9.8
9.7
9.5
11.0

3.4
2.8
3.9
3.1
3.0

3.6
3.4
3.9
3.5
3.1

6.3
5.9
6.5
6.4
6.1

6.2
6.4
5.8
6.0
7.9

57.6
39.1
66.1
56.3
44.9

60.1
50.4
58.4
67.0
49.3

Leather gloves and mittens...............
Luggage..................................

315
316

7.0
13.0

6.1
11.6

2.5
4.0

2.1
4.5

4.6
9.0

4.0
7.1

41.0
60.4

27.9
63.1

Handbags and personal leather goods......
Women's handbags and purses............
Personal leather goods, n.e.c........ . •

317
3171
3172

7.5
6.9
8.3

7.4
6.3
8.9

2.1
1.8
2.5

2.3
1.7
3.1

5.4
5.1
5.8

5.1
4.6
5.8

38.5
29.2
51.4

32.7
21.7
46.9

9.6

9.5

4.9

5.2

4.7

4.2

92.9

95.0

9.9
9.6

10.5
8.3

5.6
4.8

6.5
4.6

4.3
4.8

4.0
3.7

78.0
101.1

88.3
91.5

Leather and leather products...............

Transportation and public utilities..........
Railroad transportation 6/.................
Local and interurban passenger transit.....

40
41

Trucking and warehousing...................
Trucking, local and long distance........
Public warehousing.......................

42
421
42 2

14.9
15.0
13.5

14.9
14.8
16.3

7.9
8.1
5.6

8.3
8.4
6.9

7.0
6.9
7.9

6.5
6.3
9.4

155.5
160.4
90.4

157.9
161.6
103.1

Water transportation.......................
Water transportation services............

44
446

14.9
22.5

14.2
20.9

7.6
11.7

7.3
11.0

7.2
10.8

6.8
9.8

279.8
452.6

289.7
470.7

Transportation by air......................
Pipelines, except natural gas..............

45
46

13.7
3.8

13.5
4.7

7.2
1.3

7.7
1.9

6.5
2.6

5.8
2.8

87.5
24.4

95.2
31.1

Transportation services....................
Miscellaneous transportation services....

47
478

5.5
21.0

5.4
19.2

2.4
9.2

2.5
8.4

3.1
11.8

2.9
10.7

36.3
124.6

39.3
126.1

Communication..............................

48

Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......
Sanitary services.......... ..............

49
495




2.6

2.7

1.4

1.6

1.2

1.1

28.7

30.0

9.6
23.1

8.7
23.5

4.1
12.7

4.0
13.4

5.5
10.4

4.6
10.1

75.6
274.6

67.0
203.4

See footnotes at end of table.

70

Table 8. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry. United States,
1976 and 1977—Continued
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers 3/

Industry 1/

SIC
code

2/

1976

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Total
cases

1977

1976

1977

1976

Lost
workdays

1977

1976

1977

Wholesale and retail trade...................

7.3

7.6

2.8

2.9

4.6

4.7

42.4

Wholesale trade............................

8.0

8.4

3.3

3.5

4.7

4.8

50.9

51.9

7.9
8.1

8.1
8.7

3.0
3.7

3.2
4.0

4.9
4.4

4.9
4.7

45.7
57.9

43.4
63.6

7.1

7.3

2.5

2.6

4.5

4.7

38.9

40.0

9.5
8.7
10.7
7.5
1.7
4.3
6.6
3.6

9.3
8.7
11.3
7.7
1.9
4.9
7.2
3.5

3.8
3.0
4.1
2.3
.6
1.9
2.3
1.5

3.7
3.2
4.4
2.5
.7
2.1
2.4
1.2

5.8
5.7
6.6
5.2
1.1
2.4
4.3
2.1

5.6
5.4
6.9
5.2
1.2
2.8
4.8
2.2

69.9
42.0
63.5
41.2
9.7
34.5
28.2
26.3

60.9
44.8
70.8
40.0
13.5
41.7
29.7
22.2

1.9

1.9

.8

1.2

1.1

11.0

10.2

1.4
1.2
.8
1.7
4.3

1.5
1.1
1.1
1.7
.6
4.5

■5
.4
.3
.6
1.8

.6
.3
.5
.7
.2
1.9

1.0

2.5

.9
.7
.6
1.0
.4
2.5

6.5
4.0
9.0
30.1

6.5
4.0
4.0
8.4
5.1
28.2

Wholesale trade— durable goods...........
Wholesale trade— nondurable goods........

50
51

Retail trade...............................
Building materials and garden supplies....
General merchandise stores...............
Food stores..............................
Automotive dealers and service stations...
Apparel and accessory stores.............
Furniture and home furnishings stores....
Eating and drinking places...............
Miscellaneous retail.....................

52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

Finance, insurance, and real estate..........
Banking....................................
Credit agencies other than banks...........
Security, commodity brokers, and services...
Insurance carriers.........................
Insurance agents, brokers and service......
Real estate................................

60
61
62
63
64
65

•7

.8
.5
1.1
-

43.5

5.1

5.3

1.9

2.2

3.2

3.1

31.9

34.2

Hotels and other lodging places............
Personal services..........................
Business services..........................
Auto repair, services, and garages.........

70
72
73
75

7.7
3.0
4.6
7.2

8.6
3.5
4.7
7.4

2.8
1.2
1.8
2.7

3.1
1.5
1.9
3.0

5.0
1.8
2.8
4.5

5.5
2.0
2.7
4.4

49.0
20.2
35.2
55.4

46.4
29.5
31.3
42.4

Miscellaneous repair services..............
Miscellaneous repair shops...............

76
769

8.8
10.8

10.0
12.5

3.4
4.3

4.1
5.2

5.3
6.6

5.9
7.2

56.0
69.4

71.4
86.8

Amusement and recreation services..........
Health services............................
Educational services.......................
Social services............................
Museums, botanical and zoological
gardens................................
Miscellaneous services.....................

79
80
82
83

8.0
6.5
3.9
4.5

9.7
6.6
3.0
5.3

2.8
2.4
1.4
1.8

4.9
2.7
1.1
2.0

5.3
4.1
2.5
2.7

4.8
3.9
1.9
3.3

42.7
39.3
17.2
29.8

55.7
44.8
19.3
29.4

84
89

7.6
2.0

7.3
2.0

2.5
.7

2.6
.8

5.1
1.3

4.7
1.1

37.1
9.6

40.5
14.8

Services.....................................

5/

1/ Totals for divisions and 2- and 3-digit SIC codes include
data for industries not shown separately.

2/

Standard Industrial Classification Manual. 1972 Edition.

_3/ The incidence rates represent the number of injuries or
lost workdays per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as:
(N/EH) X 200,000, where
N
F.H

= number of injuries or lost workdays
= total hours worked by all employees during calendar
year
200,000
= base for 100 full-time equivalent workers
(workine 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per year).

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication
guidelines.
n.e.c ■ not elsewhere classified.
SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

4/ Includes fatalities. Because of rounding, the difference
between the total and the sun of the rates for lost workday cases and
nonfatal cases without lost workdays do not reflect the fatality rate.




Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

6/ Data conforming to the 0SHA definitions for coal and
lignite mining (SIC 11 and 12) and metal and nonmetal mining
(SIC 10 and 14), and for railroad transportation (SIC 40)
were provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administration,
U.S. Department of Labor, and by the Federal Railroad Adminis­
tration, U.S. Department of Transportation.

71

Table 9. Occupational injury incidence rates, private sector, by industry division and employment size.
United States, 1976 and 1977
Incidence rates per 100 full-time workers lL

Industry division

1977

1976

50 to 99
employees

20 to 49
employees

1 to 19
employees

1976

1976

1977

250 to 499
employees

100 to 249
employees

1977

1976 |

1977

1976

1977

12.3

|
Private sector 2 / ...............
Agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2/..

Manufacturing.........................
Transportation and public utilities....
Wholesale and retail trade............
Wholesale trade.....................
Retail trade........................
Finance, insurance, and real estate....
Services..............................

3.9

3.9

8.7

8.8

11.2

11.8

12.6

:

12.8

12.0

6.0
7.0
9.3
8.9
7.2
3.1
4.2
2.7
1.1
1.7

6.7
6.6
9.2
8.6
4.8
3.2
4.3
2.7
1.1
2.1

9.7
11.8
17.7
14.0
10.6
7.8
8.6
7.4
1.7
3.7

10.3
12.8
17.9
14.6
10.5
7.6
8.7
7.0
1.7
3.8

12.8
15.3
20.0
17.2
11.3
9.8
10.8
9.4
2.0
3,

13.4
14.2
20.9
17.3
12.7
10.8
12.1
10.2
2.1
6.5

14.2
12.5
19.4
17.3
10.3
11.4
11.1
11.5
2.7

14.3
12.2
20.8
17.5
9.7
'
: 12.0
11.7
! 12.1
2.4
|
7.8

16.3
12.3
17.8
14.5
8.9
11.2
11.8
11.0
2.7
8.2

__

_Hi.
2/

1/ The incidence rates represent the number of injuries per 100 full-time
workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000, where

__

1976

1977

10.3

10.3

15.7
8.6
18.2
11.5
9.4
10.7
10.3
10.8
2.2
8.4

11.9
11.0
17.6
11.6
9.7
11.2
11.8
11.0
2.7
7.0

_
_

15.1
1 10.7
19.4
I 14.8
10.2
12.7
| 12.2
12.9
2.7
! 7.8*
J___

1,000 to 2,499
employees

2,500 employees
or more

1977

1976

1 1977

8.8

8.6

7.3

6.9

21.8
4.3
14.0
9.2
05
11.6
7.8
12.2
2.4
8.2

22.8
5.6
16.7
8.9
9.0
11.8
6.9
12.8
2.5
7.5

7.4
7.2
9.8

.4
6.2
6.9
9.4

.4
9.3
1.7
5.6

.8
8.9
1.8
5.7

1976

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees,

NOTE:
N
= number of injuries
EH
* total hours worked by all employees during calendar year
200,000 “ base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours per
week, 50 weeks per year).

500 to 999
employees

Dashes indicate no data reported.

SOURCE:

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Table 10. Occupational injury incidence rates for lost workday cases, private sector, by industry division.
United States, 1976 and 1977
Incidence ra tes per 100 full-time workers 1/

Lost workday injuries

Industry division

Total cases

1976

1

Private sector _4/.........

3.4

[

Agriculture, foresty, and fishing 4/....
Mining.................................
Construction...........................
Manufacturing..........................
Transportation and public utilities....
Wholesale and retail trade.............
Wholesale trade......................
Retail trade.........................
Finance, insurance, and real estate....
Services...............................

4.4
5.7
5.4
4.6
4.9
2.8
3.3
2.5
.7
1.9

|

j

1977

Cases involving
days away
from work 2/
______________ : ___
1976

Cases involving
days of restricted
work activity only

Total lost
workdays

1977

1976

1977

1976

3.7

3.2

3.5

0.2

0.2

57.8

60.0

4.3
5.5
5.3
4.3
4.5
2.7
3.2
2.5
.7
1.8

4.7
5.7
5.7
4.5
4.8
2.8
3.4
2.6
.8
2.1

.1
.2
.3
.3
.4
(5)
(5)
(5)
(5)

.1
.2
.1
.4
.4
.1
.1
(5)
(5)
(5)

81.1
113.1
102.6
76.7
92.9
42.4
50.9
38.9
11.0

78.8
128.3
109.7
79.3
95.0
43.5
51.9
40.0
10.2

1/ The incidence rates represent the number of injuries or lost workdays
per 100 full-time workers and were calculated as: (N/EH) X 200,000 where,

1

j

___ !L!_lL

Number of
days away
from work

1977

4.8
5.9
5.8
4.9
5.2
2.9
3.5
2.6
.8
2.2

_________ _

—

1976

|

Number of days
of restricted
work activity 3/

1977

1976

1977

53.9

56.0

3.9

4.0

78.3

75.2
125.7
106.0
72.3
86.9
41.3
49.0
38.2
9.6
32.7

2.8
2.8
3.6
6.8
8.1
1.5
1.9
1.4
1.4
1.3

3.7
2.6
3.7
7.0
8.1
2.1
2.9
1.8
.6
1.5

111.1

j

1

99.0
69.9
84.8
40.9
48.9
37.5
9.6
30.6

„L

3/ The number of days of restricted work activity include those resulting from
cases involving restricted work activity only and days resulting from cases involving
days away from work and days of restricted work activity.

N
■ number of injuries or lost workdays
EH
» total hours worked by all employees during the calendar year
200,000 ■ base for 100 full-time equivalent workers (working 40 hours
per week, 50 weeks per year).

4J

Excludes farms with fewer than 11 employees.

5/

2/ Also includes cases which involved both days away from work and
days of restricted work activity.




Lost w orkdays

Incidence rates less than .05.

SOURCE:

72

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

Appendix A. Scope of Survey
and Technical Notes

Federal-State cooperative program and the data had to
meet the needs of participating State agencies, the
universe was then stratified by State prior to sample
selection. An optimum allocation was achieved by dis­
tributing the sample to each size group proportionate to
the total employment and the- variation among size
groups. The sampling ratios for the various employ­
ment-size groups ranged from all units above a certain
size class selected with certainty through declining pro­
portions in each smaller employment-size group. The
certainty strata were usually greater than 100
employees, although these may have ranged downward
in employment size depending upon the total employ­
ment in the industry. Sample sizes were then adjusted to
produce integral sample ratios. The ratios determined
for each industry-employment-size group were used to
select a sample within a State-industry-employmentsize group estimating cell. A segment of each State sam­
ple was selected for generating national estimates.
States may choose to expand the sample to concentrate
on a particular industry.

Scope of survey

The occupational injury and illness data reported
through the annual survey were based on the records
which employers in the following private industries
maintain under the Occupational Safety and Health
Act: Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, SIC 01 -09; oil
and gas extraction, SIC 13; construction, SIC 15-17;
manufacturing, SIC 20-39; transportation and public
utilities, SIC 41-42 and 44-49; wholesale and retail
trade, SIC 50-59; finance, insurance, and real estate,
SIC 60-67; and services, SIC 70-87 and 89. Excluded
from the survey were self-employed individuals; far­
mers with fewer than 11 employees; employers regu­
lated by other Federal safety and health laws; and
Federal, State, and local government agencies.
Data conforming to definitions of recordable oc­
cupational injuries and illnesses for coal, metal, and
nonmetal mining, and railroad transportation were
provided by the Mine Safety and Health Administra­
tion, U.S. Department of Labor, and the Federal
Railroad A dministration, U.S. Department of
Transportation. In a separate reporting system, agen­
cies of the Federal Government file reports on occupa­
tional injuries and illnesses with the Secretary of Labor
comparable with those of private industry. At this time,
State and local government agencies are not repre­
sented in the national sample.
About 185,000 national sample units were selected
nationwide to participate in the 1977 survey; of these
about 26,000 were ineligible to be included in the final
response count. Replies were received from approx­
imately 94 percent of the eligible sample units—or
about 150,000. The 1977 estimates were based on
reports from about 68,000 establishments in manufac­
turing industries and 82,000 in nonmanufacturing in­
dustries.

Estimating procedures

Weighting. Weights were determined by the inverse of
the sampling ratios for the size class from which the
unit was selected. Using a weighting procedure, sample
units were made to represent all units in their size class
for a particular industry. Each sample member was
assigned a State weight and, if it was to be used to pro­
duce national estimates, a national weight as well. The
national and State weights were often different since the
sample unit may have represented a different propor­
tion of the universe in each case. Weights of responding
units were adjusted in each sampling cell to account for
the nonresponse in that cell. Units were then shifted
into the estimating cell determined by industry
classification and reported employment. Each unit car­
ries into the estimating cell the weight of its sampling
cell, which was adjusted for nonresponse. Data for each
unit were multiplied by the appropriate nonresponse
adjusted weight. The products were then aggregated to
obtain totals for the estimating cell.

Sample design

The sample was selected to represent private indus­
tries in the States and territories. The survey results
were used to produce estimates of the number of occur­
rences and incidence rates of occupational injuries and
illnesses by industry and employment size for the Na­
tion as a whole.
The universe frame was stratified by industry and by
employment-size group. Because the survey is a




Benchmarking. Data were further adjusted to reflect the
actual employment in an industry during the survey
year. Since the universe file which provides the sample
73

mates would have been in the range of 2 standard er­
rors above and below the estimated value.
Because of the complex two-stage ratio estimation
procedure, most relative errors were computed using a
simplified form of the variance-estimation formulas.
The more complex variance formulas were used for a
few of the items, resulting in some higher estimates and
some lower estimates of relative errors. The relative er­
rors approximate the sampling errors of the incidence
rates.
As an example of the use of the relative errors,
general building construction (SIC 15) has an esti­
mated incidence rate for total cases of 15.0 per 100
full-time workers and a relative error of 2 percent. The
chances are 2 out of 3 that a complete census would
produce a rate between 15.3 and 14.7, and the chances
are 19 out of 20 that the rate produced from a complete
count would be between 15.6 and 14.4. For the number
of job-related injuries and illnesses resulting in lost
workdays, the published rate is 5.7 per 100 full-time
workers with a 4-percent relative error. The chances
are 2 out of 3 that a census would show a rate between
5.9 and 5.5 and 19 out of 20 that the rate could be be­
tween 6.2 and 5.2. Similarly, the number of occupa­
tional injuries and illnesses estimated for SIC 15 was
136,800 with a relative error of 2 percent. Thus, the
chances are 2 out of 3 that a census would show' a num­
ber between approximately 139,500 and 134,100 and
19 out of 20 that the number would be within a range of
approximately 142,300 and 131,300.

frame was not current to the reference year of the
survey, it was necessary to benchmark the data to
reflect current employment levels.
The benchmarking procedure related the employ­
ment estimate used in sampling to the actual employ­
ment for the reference year of the survey. The ratio of
the actual employment to the weighted employment
estimate is called the benchmark factor. The aggre­
gated weighted nonresponse-adjusted characteristics of
the estimating cell were multipled by the benchmark
factor so that the cell became more representative of
the universe during the survey reference year.
Federal-State cooperation

Under grant arrangements with State agencies, re­
spondents completed a single reporting form which was
used to generate both national and State estimates. This
eliminated duplicate reporting and, together with the
use of identical techniques at the national, and State
levels, ensured maximum comparability of estimates.
Rounding of published estimates

The original tabulations on which data of the num­
ber of recorded fatalities and nonfatal injuries and il­
lnesses were based showed all estimates to the nearest
whole unit. Estimates of the numbers of injuries and il­
lnesses were rounded to the nearest thousand. Derived
percents were computed after the estimates were
rounded.
Industrial classification

Publication guidelines

Reporting units were classified into industries by
their principal product or activity. The data were
tabulated according to the 1972 edition of the Standard
Industrial Classification Manual.

The BLS tabulating system generates occupational
injury and illness estimates for several 2-, 3-, and 4digit SIC industry levels. This bulletin, however, ex­
cludes estimates for certain industries if one of the
following situations occurred:

Reliability of estimates

Estimates based on a sample may differ from figures
that would have been obtained had a complete census
of establishments been possible using the same
schedules or procedures. As in any survey, the results
are subject to errors of response and reporting, as well
as sampling variability. Errors of response and report­
ing are minimized through comprehensive edit pro­
cedures and follow-up contacts with employers.
The relative error is a measure of sampling
variability—variations which occur by chance because
only a sample of the establishments is in the survey. In
conjunction with the estimates, the relative standard er­
ror serves to define the confidence intervals or ranges
that would include the comparable complete coverage
value. The chances are about 2 out of 3 that the esti­
mate would have been produced in the range of 1
standard error above to 1 standard error below the
estimated value, and about 19 out of 20 that the esti­




1. Estimates for the industry level were based on
reports from fewer than three companies. Moreover, if
three or more companies reported data for the indus­
try, the employment of one firm could not constitute 50
percent or more of the employment for the industry, or
two companies combined could not equal or exceed 75
percent of the industry employment.
2. 1977 annual average employment for the indus­
try was less than 10,000. However, industries with an­
nual average employment of less than 10,000 were
published if the majority of the employment for an in­
dustry was reported in the survey.
3. Relative standard error for lost workday cases at
1 standard deviation was more than 15 percent for the
industry level in manufacturing and 20 percent in non­
manufacturing.
4. Benchmark factor for the industry level was less
than 0.90 or greater than 1.49.
74

Data for an unpublished industry were included in
the total shown for the broader industry level of which
it is a part. In addition to deleting industries, selected




items of data were suppressed for publishable industries when the relative standard error for the estimate
was equal to or exceeded 60 percent.

75

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977
Relative standard e 'ror (percent) 2/

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

Total
cases

SIC
code
1/

Lost
workday

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Inju ries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Private sector.........................

(3,

1

1

i

(3,

i

1

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing...........

2

2

2

4

2

2

2

5

2
4

3
5
12
16

3
5
9
25

4
9
14
18

2
4
9
21

3
5
12
16

3
5
9
26

4
10
14
19

4

4

4

5

4

4

4

5

1

2

1

3

1

2

3
6
8
3

6
11
15
7
6
7
8

Agricultural production....................
Agricultural services......................
Forestry...................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping.............

01-02
07
08
09

i

9
20

1

Mining.......................................
Oil and gas extraction.....................

13

Construction.................................

1

3

General building contractors...............
Residential building construction........
Operative builders.......................
Nonresidential building construction.....

15
152
153
154

2
5
6
2

4
7
8
4

3
6
8
3

6
n
15
8

2
5
4
2

4
7
8
4

Heavy construction contractors.............
Highway and street construction..........
Heavy construction, except highway.......

16
161
162

3
3
3

3
4
4

3
4
4

6
7
8

3
3
3

3
4
4

3
4

1
2
6
3
4
5
3
5
5
4

2
3
7
4
5
7
4
6
7
5

2
3
7
3
5
7
4
6
7
4

4
7
11
12
12
9
6
14
13
9

1
2
6
3
4
5
3
5
5
4

2
3
7
4
5
7
4
6
7
5

2
3
7
3
5
7
4
6
7
4

4
7
11
12
13
9
6
14
13
9

Manufacturing............... .................

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

(3)

Durable goods..............................

(3)

(3)

(3)

i

(3)

(3)

(3)

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

1

5

5

6

4

5

5

6

3

Special trade contractors..................
Plumbing, heating, and air conditioning...
Painting, paperhanging, and decorating....
Electrical work..........................
Masonry, stonework, and plastering.......
Carpentering and flooring................
Roofing and sheet-metal work.............
Concrete work............................
Water well drilling......................
Miscellaneous special trade contractors...

Lumber and wood products...................

1?
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179

24

Logging camps and logging contractors....

241

Sawmills and planing mills...............
Sawmills and planing mills, general....
Hardwood dimension and flooring........
Special product sawmills, n.e.c........

242
2421
2426
2429

2
2
3
5

2
2
4
5

2
3
4
7

4
7

2
2
3
5

2
2
4
5

Millwork, plywood, and structural members.
Millwork...............................
Wood kitchen cabinets..................
Hardwood veneer and plywood............
Softwood veneer and plywood............
Structural wood members, n.e.c.........

243
2431
2434
2435
2436
2439

i

i

2
3
3
3
5

2
4
4
3
6

2
2
4
4
4
7

3
7
7
5
3
9

1
2
3
3
3
5

Wood containers..........................
Nailed wood boxes and shook............
Wood pallets and skids.................
Wood containers, n.e.c.................

244
2441
2448
2449

3
5
4
4

4
6
5
6

3
7
5
5

4
6
7
10

Wood buildings and mobile homes..........
Mobile homes................ ..........
Prefabricated wood buildings.... ......

245
2451
2452

2
3
4

3
3
5

3
4
5

Miscellaneous wood products..............
Wood preserving........................
Particleboard..........................
Wood products, n.e.c...................

249
2491
2492
2499

3
4
9
3

3
6

4

4

Furniture and fixtures.....................

2
3

3
4

4

4

7

7

1
2
4
4
3
6

2
2
5
4
4
7

3
7
7
5
3
9

3
5
4
4

4
6
6
6

3
7
5
5

4
6
7
9

3
4
7

2
3
4

3
3
5

3
4
5

3
4
7

8
9
10
10

3
4
9
3

3
6

4

3
5
10
4

4

3
5
10
4

8
9
10
10

11

4

j

11

25

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Household furniture......................
Wood household furniture...............
Upholstered household furniture........
Metal household furniture..............
Mattresses and bedsprlngs..............
Wood TV and radio cabinets.............
Household furniture, n.e.c.............

251
2511
2512
2514
2515
2517
2519

2
3
3
3
4
6
5

2
4
3
5
4
7
10

2
3
3
4
5
6
5

3
5
5
8
5
9
27

2
3
3
3
4
5
5

2
4
3
5
4
7
10

2
3
3
4
5
6
5

3
5
5
8
5
9
27

Office furniture.........................
Wood office furniture..................
Metal office furniture.................

252
2521
2522

3
2
4

3
3
4

4
3
5

6
10
7

3
3

4
3
6

6
10
7

Public building and related furniture....

253

3

4

4

10

4

4

4

10

Partitions and fixtures..................
Wood partitions and fixtures...........
Metal partitions and fixtures..........

254
2541
2542

2
3

3
4
4

4
6
4

2
3
4

3 4

3

3
*
5

3
5
4

4
6
5

Miscellaneous furniture and fixtures.....
Drapery hardware and blinds and shades..
Furniture and fixtures, n.e.c..........

259
2591
2599

3
4
5

5
7
8

3
3
6

6
6
10

3
4
5

6
7
8

3
4
6

6
6
10

See footnotes at end of table.




76

i

i

j

3
2
4

4
!

5

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2
J

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

Stone, clay, and glass products............

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Nonfatal
Lost
workdays

Total

Lost
workday
cases

32

1

1

1

2

1

Flat glass............... ...............

321

8

10

10

11

8

10

Glass and glassware, pressed or blown....
Glass containers.......................
Pressed and blown glass, n.e.c.........

322
3221
3229

2
3
5

3
3

3
3

6

6

3
4
6

2
3
5

Products of purchased glass..............
Cement, hydraulic........................

32 3
324

9

11
7

8

U
9

9
5

Structural clay products.................
Brick and structural clay tile.........
Ceramic wall and floor tile............
Clay refractories......................
Structural clay products, n.e.c........

32 5
3251
32 53
3255
3259

2
3
4
4
5

2
3
7

2
4
5
5
5

3
4

Pottery and related products.............
Vitreous plumbing fixtures.............
Vitreous china food utensils...........
Fine earthenware food utensils.........
Porcelain electrical supplies..........
Pottery products, n.e.c................

326
3261
3262
3263
32 64
3269

2
2
2
3
5

2
2
4
3
7
5

2
4
12

7

5

8
6
4

Lost
workdays

2

2

10

11

3
3

3
3

3
4

6

6

6

n
7

8

14
9

2
3
7
6
5

2
4
5
5
5

3
4
7
7

6

2
3
4
4
5

2
3
4
2
7
5

2
2
2
3
4
4

2
2
4
3
7
5

2
4
13
7

2
3
3
2
7
5

4
7
7
7

2
3
3
5

6

3
4
4
5
4

4
7
7
7

6

2
3
3
4
4

7

7

6

8

7

3

3

3
4
7
5
13

3
7

6

5

6

without
lost
workdays

6
7

1

7

6
5

6

4
Concrete, gypsum, and plaster products....
Concrete block and brick...............
Concrete products, n.e.c...............
Ready-mixed concrete...................
Gypsum products........................

327
3271
32 72
3273
32 75

2
3
3
4
4

2
3
3
5

6

3
4
4
5
4

Cut stone and stone products.............

328

7

6

8

Miscellaneous nonmetallic mineral
products.............................
Abrasive products......................
Asbestos products......................
Gaskets, packing, and sealing devices...
Minerals, ground or treated............
Mineral wool...........................
Nonclay refractories...................

329
3291
3292
3293
3295
3296
3297

3
5

3
7
10

4
10

3
4
7
5
13

6
6

6
8

Primary metal industries...................

8

6

6

9
4
12

7
4
10

8

5

7

10

6
6

5
11

8
5
11

6

8

8

8

6

3
9
4
13
5
10

33

1

1

1

2

1

i

i.

2

Blast furnace and basic steel products....
Blast furnaces and steel mills.........
Electrometallurgical products..........
Steel wire and related products........
Cold finishing of steel shapes.........
Steel pipe and tubes...................

331
3312
3313
3315
3316
3317

3
4
2

A
5
1

4
5
1

5
5

6

i
5
5
5

3
4
3
4
3
5

4
5
l

5

3
4
2
4
3
4

4
5

4
3
4

3
4
3
4
3
5

Iron and steel foundries.................
Gray iron foundries....................
Malleable iron foundries...............
Steel investment foundries.............
Steel foundries, n.e.c.................

332
3321
3322
3324
3325

2
3
2
9
1

2
3
3
10
2

2
4
3
10
1

2
3
3
10
1

2
3
2
9
1

2
3
3
10
2

2
4
3
ii

2
3
3
10
1

Primary nonferrous metals................
Primary copper.........................
Primary lead...........................
Primary zinc...........................
Primary aluminum.......................
Primary nonferrous metals, n.e.c.......

333
3331
3332
3333
3334
3339

3

3
9
11
(3)

3
10
10
(3)
4

4
9
12
(3)
7

3

3
9
11
(3)
5

3
10
10
(3)
4

4
9
11
(3)

6

6

6

6

8
9
(3)
4

6
6

6

6
5

8
9
(3)
4
5

1

6
5

6

6
6

Secondary nonferrous metals..............

334

2

3

3

4

2

3

3

4

Nonferrous rolling and drawing...........
Copper rolling and drawing........ .
Aluminum sheet, plate, and foil........
Aluminum extruded products.............
Aluminum rolling and drawing, n.e.c....
Nonferrous rolling and drawing, n.e.c...
Nonferrous wire drawing and insulating..

335
3351
3353
3354
3355
3356
3357

2
3
4
2
2
4
4

2
4
4
3
4
5

3
4
4
3
l
4

2
4
4
3
4
4
5

2
3
4
2
1
4
4

2
4
*
3
4
5
4

3
4
8
3
1
4

3
4
4
3
4
4
5

Nonferrous foundries.....................
Aluminum foundries.....................
Brass, bronze, and copper foundries....
Nonferrous foundries, n.e.c............

336
3361
3362
3369

2
2
5
3

2
3
5
4

2
3
6
4

4

2
3
5
4

6

6
6

5

2
2
5
3

4

5

Miscellaneous primary metal products.....
Metal heat treating....................
Primary metal products, n.e.c..........

339
3398
3399

3
3
7

4
3
7

4
4

7
5
12

3
3
7

4
3
8

4
4
9

7
5
12

4

6

8

6
8

6
2
3

4

34

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Metal cans and shipping containers.......
Metal cans.............................
Metal barrels, drums, and pails........

341
3411
3412

2
2
2

2
2
3

2
2
3

2
2
5

2
2
2

2
2
3

2
2
3

2
2
5

Cutlery, hand tools, and hardware........
Cutlery................................
Hand and edge tools, n.e.c.............
Hand saws and saw blades...............
Hardware, n.e.c........................

342
3421
3423
3425
3429

2
4
3
5
3

3
5
4

2
5
4
7
4

3

2
4
3
6
3

3
4
4
6
4

2
5
6
7
4

3
5
8

Fabricated metal products..................

6
4

6
6
6
5

6
___ 1 _

See footnotes at end of table.




77




Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2J

Inju ries

Injuries and illness

Industry

SIC

Total
cases

j Lost
| workday

cases

1/

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Plumbing and heating, except electric....
Metal sanitary ware....................
Plumbing fittings and brass goods......
Heating equipment, except electric.....

343
3431
3432
3433

2
6
3

2
5
3
4

3
10

Fabricated structural metal products.....
Fabricated structural metal............
Metal doors, sash, and trim............
Fabricated plate work..................
Sheet-metal work.......................
Architectural metal work...............
Prefabricated metal buildings..........
Miscellaneous metal work...............

344
3441
3442
3443
3444
3446
3448
3449

1
2
3
3
4
4
3

2

4

2
2
3
3
5
5
4
5

Screw machine products, bolts, etc.......
Screw machine products.................
Bolts, nuts, rivets, and washers.......

345
3451
3452

2
3
2

Metal forgings and stampings.............
Iron and steel forgings................
Nonferrous forgings....................
Automotive stampings...................
Crowns and closures....................
Metal stampings, n.e.c.................

346
3462
3463
3465
3466
3469

Metal services, n.e.c....................
Plating and polishing..................
Metal coating and allied services......

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

!

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workdays

3
5
4
5

2
6
3
3

2
5
3
4

3
10
4
3

3
5
4
5

3
3
4
4
5
4
5

3
3
8
5
9
6
5
11

1
2
3
3
4
4
3
4

2
2
3
3
5
5
4
5

2
3
3
4
4
5
4
5

3
3
8
5
9
6
5
12

2
4
2

2
3
2

3
7
3

2
3
2

2
4
2

2
4
2

3
7
3

1
2
8
2
6
2

2
3
a
3
8
3

2
2
8
3
10

3
3
7
5
11
6

i
2
8
2
6
2

2
3
11
3
8
3

2
2
8
3
9
3

3
3
7
5
11
6

347
3471
3479

2
3
3

3
4
4

2
3
3

4
5
7

2
3
3

3
4
4

2
3
3

4
5
7

Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c..........
Small arms ammunition..................
Ammunition, except for small
arms, n.e.c..........................
Small arms.............................
Ordnance and accessories, n.e.c........

348
3482

3
4

3
5

4
4

5
8

3
4

3
4

4

5
8

3483
3484
3489

7
3
4

8
3
3

7
6
5

11
4
2

7
4
4

8
4
3

8
7
5

13
5
2

Miscellaneous fabricated metal products...
Steel springs, except wire.............
Valves and pipe fittings...............
Wire springs...........................
Miscellaneous fabricated wire products..
Metal foil and leaf......... ..........
Fabricated pipe and fittings...........
Fabricated metal products, n.e.c.......

349
3493
3494
3495
3496
3497
3498
3499

1
7
2
5
3
5
3
4

2
8
3
6
4
6
4
6

2
8
3
7
3
5
3
4

2
8
3
5
6
9
7
6

1
7
2
5
3
5
3
4

2
8
3
b
4
6
4
6

2
8
3
7
3
5
3
4

2
8
3
5
6
9
7
6

3

*

3

3

35

1

i

i

1

1

1

1

1

Engines and turbines.....................
Turbines and turbine generator sets....
Internal combustion engines, n.e.c.....

351
3511
3519

2
5
2

3
8
4

2
5
2

2
5
2

2
5
2

8
4

2
5
2

2
5
3

Farm and garden machinery................
Farm machinery and equipment...........
Lawn and garden equipment..............

352
352 3
3524

2
2
4

3
3
5

3
3
4

5
5
6

2
2
4

3
3
5

3
3
4

5
5
5

Construction and related machinery.......
Construction machinery.................
Mining machinery.......................
Oil field machinery....................
Elevators and moving stairways.........
Conveyors and conveying equipment.... .
Hoists, cranes, and monorails...... .
Industrial trucks and tractors.........

353
3531
3532
3533
3534
3535
3536
3537

2
3
2
3
4
4
4
3

2
4
3
4
8
6
4
4

2
4
3
4
5
5
5

2
4
4
4
8
10
3
5

2
3
2
3
4
5
4
3

2
4
3
4
8
6
4
4

2
4
3
4
5
5
5
4

2
4
4
4
8
11
3
5

Metalworking machinery...................
Machine tools, metal cutting types.....
Machine tools, metal forming types.....
Special dies, tools, jigs, and fixtures.
Machine tool accessories...............
Power driven hand tools................
Rolling mill machinery.................

354
3541
3542
3544
3545
3546
3547

2
3

2
3
7
4
5
7
4

2
3
4
4
4
6
6

5
7
8
12
7
7

2
3
7
4
5
7
4

2
3
4
4
4
6
6

5
7
8
13

8

2
3
4
3
4
5
4

Special industry machinery...............
Food products machinery................
Textile machinery......................
Woodworking machinery..................
Paper industries machinery.............
Printing trades machinery..............
Special industry machinery, n.e.c......

355
3551
3552
3553
3554
3555
3559

2
4
3
4
5
4

3
10
5
4
6
7
5

3
9
5
3
4
5
5

4
14
6
5
6
7
5

2
8
4
3
4
5
4

3
10
6
4
6
7
5

3
9
5
3
4
5
5

4
14
7
5
6
7
5

General industrial machinery.............
Pumps and pumping equipment............
Ball and roller bearings...............
Air and gas compressors................
Blowers and fans.......................
Speed changers, drives, and gears......
Industrial furnaces and ovens..........
Power transmission equipment, n.e.c....
General industrial machinery, n.e.c....

356
3561
3562
3563
3564
3566
3567
3568
3569

1
5
4
4
3
2
2
4
3

2
4
4
6
3
4
4
6
4

2
6
4
3
3
2
2
5
4

2
5
3
4
3
5
7
7
3

l
5
4
3
3
2
2
4
3

3
5
4
4
3
4
4
6
4

2
6
5
2
3
2
2
6
4

2
5
3
3
3
5
7
5
3

Office and computing machines............
Typewriters............................
Electronic computing equipment.........
Scales and balances, except laboratory..

357
. 3572
3573
3576
3579

3
2
4
6
6

3
3
4
8
9

3
3
5
6
6

4
5
4
9
8

3
3
4
6
6

3
3
4
8
9

3
3
5
6
5

4
6
4
9
8

Machinery, except electrical...............

3
4
5
4

7

See footnotes at end of table.

78

4

8

7
8

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2/

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Inju ries

Lost
workdays

Total

Refrigeration and service machinery......
Automatic merchandising machines.......
Commercial laundry equipment...........
Refrigeration and heating equipment....
Measuring and dispensing pumps.........
Service industry machinery, n.e.c......

358
3581
3582
3585
3586
3589

1
5
5
2
4
4

2
6
4
3
10
5

2
5
6
2
5
4

4
8
12
4
11
11

2
5
6
2
3
4

Miscellaneous machinery, except
electrical...........................
Carburetors, pistons, rings, valves....
Machinery, except electrical, n.e.c....

359
3592
3599

2
4
3

3
4
4

6
6
3

3
6
7

2
4
3

Lost
workday

2
6

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

3
10
5

2
6
7
2
5
4

4
8
12
4
11
11

3
4
4

3
6
3

6
6
7

36

1

1

1

1

1

1

l

l

Electric distributing equipment..........
Transformers...........................
Switchgear and switchboard apparatus....

361
3612
3613

2
4
2

2
4
3

2
4
2

3
4
4

2
4
2

2
4
3

3
5
2

3
4
4

Electrical industrial apparatus..........
Motors and generators..................
Industrial controls....................
Welding apparatus, electric............
Carbon and graphite products...........
Electrical industrial apparatus, n.e.c..

362
3621
3622
3623
3624
3629

3
4
6
4
4
6

4
4
12
5
4
6

3
4
4
4
6
7

2
3
6
5
3
7

3
4
6
4
4
6

4
4
13
5
4
7

3
5
5
4
6
7

2
3
6
5
3
7

Household appliances..... ...............
Household cooking equipment............
Household refrigerators and freezers....
Household laundry equipment............
Electric housewares and fans...........
Household vacuum cleaners..............
Sewing machines........................
Household appliances, n.e.c............

363
3631
3632
3633
3634
3635
3636
3639

2
9
1
9
3
5
8
8

4
14
l
14
3
4
12
10

2
8
1
7
4
11
8
8

3
8
1
12
5
4
20
10

3
9
l
9
4
6
8
8

4
15
1
14
4
3
12
10

2
8
l
7
4
12
9
8

3
8
2
12
6
4
20
11

Electric lighting and wiring equipment....
Electric lamps.........................
Current-carrying wiring devices........
Noncurrent-carrying wiring devices.....
Residential lighting fixtures..........
Commercial lighting fixtures...........
Vehicular lighting equipment...........

364
3641
3643
3644
3645
3646
3647

1
4
2
2
3
5
5

2
5
3
2
3
5
7

2
5
3
3
4
6
6

2
7
3
3
5
6
8

1
4
2
2
3
5
5

2
6
3
2
3
5
7

2
5
3
3
4
6
6

2
8
4
3
5
6
9

Radio and TV receiving equipment.........
Radio and TV receiving sets............
Phonograph records.....................

365
3651
3652

5
6
4

5
7
5

5
6
5

7
8
11

5
6
4

5
7
5

5 ‘
6
5

Communication equipment..................
Telephone and telegraph apparatus......
Radio and TV communication equipment....

366
3661
3662

3
4
4

3
3
5

3
5
5

4
4
6

3
4
4

3
4
5

4
6
5

4
5
6

Electronic components and accessories....
Electron tubes, receiving type.........
Cathode ray television picture tubes....
Electron tubes, transmitting...........
Semiconductors and related devices.....
Electronic capacitors..................
Electronic resistors...................
Electronic coils and transformers......
Electronic components, n.e.c...........

367
3671
3672
3673
3674
3675
3676
3677
3679

2
14
7
5
5
2
5
5
4

3
10
12
7
6
l
6
7
4

3
19
4
8
6
2
6
6
4

3
10
9
9
6
7
10
11
5

2
16
7
6
4
1
5
6
4

3
ll
12
7
6
l
6
7
4

3
22
4
8
5
1
7
6
5

3
10
9
5
6
8
ll
12
6

369
3691
3693
3694

2
4
8
3

3
4
7
4

3
5
11
4

5
9
9
4

2
8
3

3
4
7
4

3
5
12
4

3
5
9
4
15

Electric and electronic equipment..........

Miscellaneous electrical equipment and
supplies.............................
Storage batteries......................
X-ray apparatus and tubes..............
Engine electrical equipment............
Electrical equipment and
supplies, n.e.c......................

7
9
11

3699

8

10

10

15

8

10

10

37

1

l

l

1

1

1

1

l

Motor vehicles and equipment.............
Motor vehicles and car bodies..........
Truck and bus bodies...................
Motor vehicle parts and accessories....
Truck trailers.........................

371
3711
3713
3714
3715

2
4
5
2
2

2
4
4
3
2

2
4
6
3
3

2
4
7
3
3

2
3
4
2
2

2
4
4
3
2

2
4
6
3
3

2
4
7
3
3

Aircraft and parts.......................
Aircraft...............................
Aircraft engines and engine parts......
Aircraft equipment, n.e.c..............

372
3721
3724
3728

3
5
4
3

3
7
4
5

3
6
5
3

5
10
5
4

3
6
4
3

3
7
4
5

3
6
5
4

5
10
5
4

Ship and boat building and repairing.....
Ship building and repairing............
Boat building and repairing............

373
3731
3732

1
2
3

l
1
4

2
2
4

2
1
6

1
2
3

1
1
4

2
3
4

2
2

Railroad equipment.......................
Motorcycles, bicycles, and parts.........

374
375

3
3

3
4

3
3

5
6

3
3

3
4

3
3

5
6

Guided missiles, space vehicles, and
parts................................
Guided missiles and space vehicles.....
Space propulsion units and parts.......

376
3761
3764

5
7
1

7
10
3

5
8
1

7
9
8

5
7
1

7
9
3

5
8
1

7
8
9

Miscellaneous transportation equipment....
Travel trailers and campers............
Tanks and tank components..............
Transportation equipment, n.e.c........

379
3792.
3795
3799

2
3
7
6

3
3
3
11

3
3
10
6

4
4
1
14

2
3
7
6

3
3
3
11

3
3
11
6

4
5
l
14

Transportation equipment...................

See footnotes at end of table.




79

7

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2/

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

Instruments and related products...........

SIC
code
1/

Total

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Injuries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

38

1

2

2

2

2

2

2

2

Engineering and scientific instruments....

381

6

7

6

9

6

7

6

9

Measuring and controlling devices........
Environmental controls.................
Process control instruments............
Fluid meters and counting devices......
Instruments to measure electricity.....
Measuring and controlling
devices, n.e.c.......................

382
3822
3823
3824
3825

2
1
4
4
6

2
1
5
5
5

2
1
5
4
8

3
2
8
5
8

2
1
4
3
7

2
1
5
4
5

3
1
5
4
8

3
2
8
5
9

3829

5

7

5

7

5

7

5

7

Optical Instruments and lenses...........

383

6

8

6

11

6

9

7

12

Medical Instruments and supplies.........
Surgical and medical instruments.......
Surgical appliances and supplies.......
Dental equipment and supplies..........

384
3841
3842
3843

3
5
5
6

3
7
4
5

4
5
6
8

4
6
6
7

3
5
5
6

4
8
5
6

4
5
6
8

4
6
6
7

Ophthalmic goods.........................
Photographic equipment and supplies......
Watches, clocks, and watchcases..........

385
386
387

6
4
5

7
6
6

7
6
5

8
7
7

5
4
5

7
6
6

6
6
6

9
8
8

Miscellaneous manufacturing Industries.....

39

1

2

2

2

1

Jewelry, silverware, and plated ware.....
Jewelry, precious metal................
Silverware and plated ware.............

391
3911
3914

3
3
5

3
4
5

3
4
7

4
7
5

3
4
5

Musical instruments......................

393

4

5

6

5

Toys and sporting goods..................
Dolls..................................
Games, toys, and children's vehicles....
Sporting and athletic goods, n.e.c.....

394
3942
3944
3949

3
9
3
5

3
12
4
5

3
7
3

4
14
6
6

Pens, pencils, office and art supplies....
Pens and mechanical pencils............
Lead pencils and art goods.............
Marking devices........................
Carbon paper and inked ribbons.........

395
3951
3952
3953
3955

2
2
4
4
9

3
2
3
5
10

3
2
5
5
10

Costume jewelry and notions..............
Costume jewelry........................
Buttons................................
Needles, pins, and fasteners...........

396
3961
3963
3964

3
5
10
4

3
5
8
5

Miscellaneous manufactures...............
Brooms and brushes........... ..........
Signs and advertising displays.........
Burial caskets............... ..........
Hard surface floor coverings...........
Manufacturing industries, n.e.c........

399
3991
3993
3995
3996
3999

2
4
4
4
4
4

2

2

3
5
5

3
5
7

4
7
5

5

5

6

5

3
9
3
5

3
12
4
6

3
8
3
5

4
14
6
6

3
3
4
7
9

3
2
3
4
10

3
2
3
5
10

3
2
4
5
10

3
3
4
7
10

4
6
12
6

5
7
14
9

3
5
10
4

3
6
8
5

4
7
12
6

5
7
15
9

3
5
5
6
3
6

2
4
4
4
6
5

4
6
7
17
2
7

2
4
4
4
5
4

3
5
5
6
3
6

2
4
4
4
7
5

4
6
7
17
2
7
1

2

Nondurable goods...........................

5

(3)

i

(3)

1

(3)

1

(3)

20

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Meat products............................
Meatpacking plants.....................
Sausages and other prepared meats......
Poultry dressing plants................
Poultry and egg processing.............

201
2011
2013
2016
2017

1
2
2
3
2

2
3
2
3
2

2
3
2
3
2

2
3
2
4
4

1
2
2
3
2

2
3
2
3
2

2
3
2
3
2

2
3
2
4
5

Dairy products...........................
Cheese, natural and processed....*......
Condensed and evaporated milk..........
Ice cream and frozen desserts..........
Fluid milk.............................

202
2022
2023
2024
2026

2
5
5
4
3

2
8
6
5
3

6
5

2
5

3

4
7
9
10
5

2
5
5
4
3

2
8
6
5
3

2
5
6
5
3

4
7
9
10
5

Preserved fruits and vegetables..........
Canned specialties........... ..........
Canned fruits and vegetables...........
Dehydrated fruits, vegetables, soups....
Pickles, sauces, and salad dressings....
Frozen fruits and vegetables...........
Frozen specialties.....................

203
2032
2033
2034
2035
2037
2038

2
5
3
5
4
3
3

2
6
3
6
5
3
4

2
6
3
6
5
4
3

2
7
4
6
7
3
6

2
5
3
5
4
3
3

2
6
3
6
5
3
4

2
6
3
6
5
4
3

2
7
4
6
7
3
5

Grain mill products....... ..............
Flour and other grain mill products....
Cereal breakfast foods.................
Rice milling...........................
Blended and prepared flour.............
Wet corn milling.......................
Dog, cat, and other pet food...........
Prepared feeds, n.e.c..................

204
2041
2043
2044
2045
2046
2047
2048

2
4
2
5
8
5
5
4

2
4
6
7
6
9
4
5

2
5
3
7
10
6
6
4

3
5
5
7
6
5
5
7

2
4
2
5
7
5
5
4

2
4
6
7
6
9
4
5

2
5
3
7
10
6
7
4

3
5
5
8
7
5
5
7

Bakery products..........................
Bread, cake, and related products......
Cookies and crackers...................

205
2051
2052

2
2
3

2
2
3

2
3
4

3
4
3

2
2
3

2
2
3

2
3
4

3
4
3

Food and kindred products..................

See footnotes at end of table.




80

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2/

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Inji ries

Nonfatal
Lost
workdays

Total

Lost
workday
cases

without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Sugar and confectionery products.........
Raw cane sugar.........................
Cane sugar refining....................
Beet sugar.............................
Confectionery products.................
Chocolate and cocoa products...........
Chewing gum............................

206
2061
2062
2063
2065
2066
2067

1
6
4
3
1
7
5

2
8
3
3
2
11
4

2
9
6
4
2
6
6

2
12
3
4
2
17
5

1
6
4
2
1
7
4

2
8
3
2
2
10
4

2
9
5
4
2
6
6

2
12
3
4
2
17
5

Fats and oils............................
Cottonseed oil mills...................
Soybean oil mills......................
Vegetable oil mills, n.e.c.............
Animal and marine fats and oils........
Shortening and cooking oils............

207
2074
2075
2076
2077
2079

2
5
2
7
3
5

3
7
3
8
5
9

3
6
3
8
4
6

3
7
4
8
5
9

2
5
2
7
3
5

3
6
3
8
4
9

3
6
3
8
4
6

3
7
4
8
5
9

Beverages................................
Malt beverages.........................
Wines, brandy, and brandy spirits......
Distilled liquor, except brandy........
Bottled and canned soft drinks.........
Flavoring extracts and syrups, n.e.c....

208
2082
2084
2085
2086
2087

1
4
5
3
1
5

2
6
5
4
2
9

2
4
8
4
2
7

2
5
4
3
2
8

1
4
5
3
1
5

2
6
5
4
2
9

2
4
8
4
2
6

2
5
4
4
2
8

Miscellaneous foods and kindred products..
Canned and cured seafoods..............
Fresh or frozen packaged fish..........
Roasted coffee.........................
Macaroni and spaghetti.................
Food preparations, n.e.c...............

209
2091
2092
2095
2098
2099

2
7
4
6
4
3

3
8
5
9
4
5

2
7
5
8
5
3

3
9
4
15
9
4

2
7
4
6
4
3

3
8
5
9
4
5

2
7
5
7
5
3

3
10
5
14
9
4

Tobacco manufactures.......................

2

2

4

2

3

2

4

2

(3)
11
6
7

(3)
12
5
6

(3)
13
7
9

(3)
12
6

(3)
12
6

9

(3)
13
6
6

(3)
14
7
9

(3)
12
6
9

7

22

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

Weaving mills, synthetics................
Weaving and finishing mills, wool........
Narrow fabric mills......................

222
223
224

4
2
4

8
3
5

4
3
4

6
4
5

4
2
4

8
3

4
3
5

6
4
5

Knitting mills...........................
Women's hosiery, except socks..........
Hosiery, n.e.c.........................
Knit outerwear mills...................
Knit underwear mills...................
Circular knit fabric mills.............
Warp knit fabric mills.................

22 5
2251
2252
2253
2254
2257
22 58
22 59

2
4
3
3
6
5
4
13

3
6
4

2
5

4

7
6
10

4
8
5
4
16

3
9
5
6
7
6
9
7

2
4
3
3
6
5
4
13

3
5
4
6
5
7
6
10

2
5
4
4
9
5
4
18

3
9
5
6
7
6
10
8

Textile finishing, except wool...........
Finishing plants, cotton...............
Finishing plants, synthetics...........

226
2261
2262
2269

3
6
5
4

4
9
6
5

3
6
5
5

9
19
7
7

3
6
5
4

4
9
6

3
6
5
5

9
19
7
7

Floor covering mills.....................
Woven carpets and rugs.................
Tufted carpets and rugs................

227
2271
2272

3
1
4

5
4
6

4
2
5

6
1
7

4
2
4

5
4
6

4
2
5

6
1
7

Yarn and thread mills....................
Yarn mills, except wool................
Throwing and winding mills.............
Wool yarn mills........................

228
2281
2282
2283

2
3
3
6

3
4
5
8

2
3
3
7

4
5
5

3
4
5
8

2
3
3
7

4
5
5

n

2
3
3
6

Miscellaneous textile goods..............
Felt goods, except woven felts and hats.
Paddings and upholstery filling........
Processed textile waste................
Coated fabrics, not rubberized...... .
Nonwoven fabrics.......................
Cordage and twine......................
Textile goods, n.e.c...................

229
2291
2293
2294
2295
2297
2298
2299

3
6
7

4
5
10

3
8
7

3
8
7

8

8

8

8

5
6
7
9

7
6
11
12

6
8
10

3
6
7
6
5
6
7
9

4
5
10

6

4
6
10
9
9
12
15
15

7
6
ii
12

6
8
8
10

23

i

i

1

2

1

1

1

2

Men's and boys' suits and coats..........

231

3

3

5

5

3

3

5

5

Men's and boys' furnishings..............
Men's and boys' shirts and nightwear....
Men's and boys' underwear..............
Men's and boys' neckwear...............
Men's and boys' separate trousers......
Men's and boys' work clothing..........
Men's and boys' clothing, n.e.c........

232
2321
2322
2323
2327
2328
2329

2
4
2
9
3
3
5

2
5
4
14
3
3
5

2
5
3
11
4
3
6

3
8
25
4
4
7

2
5
2
9
3
3
5

2
5
4
14
3
3
6

2
5
3
12
4
3
6

3
8
9
26
4
4
7

Women's and misses' outerwear............
Women's and misses' blouses and waists..
Women's and misses' dresses............
Women's and misses' outerwear, n.e.c....

233
2331
2335
2339

2
4
5
4

4
5
6
5

3
5
6
4

9
9
8
12

2
4
5
4

4
5
6
4

3
5
6
5

9
9
9
12

Cigarettes...............................
Cigars...................................
Chewing and smoking tobacco..............
Tobacco stemming and redrying............
Textile mill products............... ......

21
211
212
213
214

6
5

8

5

5

11
4
6
10
9
9
12
15
15

Apparel and other textile products.........

See footnotes at end of table.




81

8

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) %J

Inji ries

Injuries and illnesse s

Industry

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workday
cases

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Women's and children's undergarments.....
Women's and children's underwear.......
Brassieres and allied garments.........

234
2341
2342

3
3
6

3
3
6

3
3
8

3
3
8

3
3
6

3
3
6

3
3
8

3
4
8

Hats, caps, and millinery................
Hats and caps, except millinery........

235
2352

4

5
5

5
6

12
13

5
5

5
6

6
6

12
14

5
Children's outerwear.....................
Children's dresses and blouses.........
Children's coats and suits.............
Children's outerwear, n.e.c............

236
2361
2363
2369

4
6
10
7

5
5
13
8

4
6
10
7

6
8
20
9

4
6
10
7

5
5
12
8

5
6
10
8

6
8
19
9

Miscellaneous apparel and accessories....
Fabric dress and work gloves...........
Robes and dressing gowns...............
Waterproof outergarments...............
Apparel belts..........................
Apparel and accessories, n.e.c.........

238
2381
2384
2385
2387
2389

3
7
4
8
6
8

4
10
4
9
6
8

4
9
5
9
8
9

5
11
6
12
7
5

3
7
4
8
6
8

4
10
4
9
6
8

4
8
5
9
8
9

5
11
7
13
8
5

Miscellaneous fabricated textile
products.............................
Curtains and draperies.................
House furnishings, n.e.c...............
Textile bags...........................
Canvas and related products............
Pleating and stitching.... .............
Automotive and apparel trimmings.......
Schiffli machine embroideries..........
Fabricated textile products, n.e.c.....

239
2391
2392
2393
2394
2395
2396
2397
2399

2
5
4
6
6
6
7
5
3

2
6
4
8
9
12
8
9
5

2
6
4
7
7
10
8
4

3
8
5
13
12
23
6
8
6

2
5
4
7
6
6
7
5
3

3
6
4
8
9
13
8
9
5

2
6
4
7
7
10
7
4
4

3
8
5
13
12
25
6
8
6

26

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Pulp mills...............................
Paper mills, except building paper.......
Paperboard mills.........................

261
262
263

7
3
4

7
3
5

9
3
4

2
4
5

7

8
3
5

9
3
5

7
4
5

Miscellaneous converted paper products....
Paper coating and glazing..............
Envelopes........... ...................
Bags, except textile bags..............
Die-cut paper and board................
Pressed and molded pulp goods..........
Sanitary paper products................
Stationery products....................
Converted paper products, n.e.c........

264
2641
2642
264 3
2645
2646
2647
2648
2649

2
4
3
3
4
3
3
4
5

2
5
4
3
5
2
5
5
5

2
5
4
3
5
5
2
4
6

3
7
6
4
7
3
5
6
9

2
4
3
3
5
4

2
5
4
3
5
2
5
5
5

2
5
3
3
5
5
3
4
6

3
6
6
4
7
3
5
6
9

Paperboard containers and boxes..........
Folding paperboard boxes...............
Set-up paperboard boxes................
Corrugated and solid fiber boxes.......
Sanitary food containers...............
Fiber cans, drums, and similar
products.............................

265
2651
2652
2653
2654

1
3
4
2
5

2
4
4
3
5

2
5
3
7

2
5
7
3
6

2
3
4
2
5

2
4
4

2
4
5

3
5

3
7

2
5
7
3
6

2655

3

4

3

4

3

4

3

4

Building paper and board mills...........

266

5

6

5

5

5

6

5

5

27

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Newspapers...............................
Periodicals..............................

271
272

2
5

2
6

3
4

4
16

2
5

2
6

3
4

4
16

Books....................................
Book publishing........................
Book printing..........................

273
2731
2732

3
6
4

3
6
4

4
6
6

4
8
4

3
6
4

4
6
4

4
6
6

4
8
4

Miscellaneous publishing.................

274

8

12

7

32

6

8

7

12

Commercial printing......................
Commercial printing, letterpress.......
Commercial printing, lithographic......
Engraving and plate printing...........
Commercial printing, gravure...........

275
2751
2752
2753
2754

2

3
3
6
2

2
3
4
9
2

2
4
3
6
3

4
7
5
13
1

2
3
3
6
2

2
3
4
9

2
4
3
6
3

4
7
5
13
1

Manifold business forms..................
Greeting card publishing.................

276
277

4
9

5
8

5
10

7
8

4
9

5
8

5
10

7
9

Blankbooks and bookbinding...............
Blankbooks and looseleaf binders.......
Bookbinding and related work...........

278
2782
2789

3
5

4
6
5

4
6
5

6
6
11

3
5

4
6

4
6

4

5

5

6
6
11

5
8
7

U

4
6
7

5
9

5
8

1

2

1

2

4

5
12
15
17
6
4
6
1
6
6

Paper and allied products..................

Printing and publishing....................

3
4

3
4
5

4

279
2791
2793

4
6
7

28

i

Industrial inorganic chemicals...........
Alkalies and chlorine..................
Industrial gases.......................
Inorganic pigments.....................
Industrial inorganic chemicals, n.e.c...

281
2812
2813
2816
2819

3
9
6
7
4

Plastics materials and synthetics........
Plastics materials and resins..........
Synthetic rubber.......................
Cellulosic man-made fibers.............
Organic fibers, noncellulosic..........

282
2821
2822
2823
2824

3
5
2
9
6

4
5
3
13
8

Chemicals and allied products..............

6
11
9

8

1
5

9

7

2

1

2

4
11

3
8
6
7

6
13
15
15
8

3
9
6
8
4

8
12
6

4
8
6
7
5

4
6
1
5
6

3
5
2
9
6

4
5
3
13
8

4
6
2
8
7

8

See footnotes at end of table.




i

11
6

Printing trade services..................
Typesetting............................
Photoengraving........................ .

2

82

5
j

4

5
2
7
7

j

a

8
10
15

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2/

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Inj uries

Lost
workdays

Total
cases

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Drugs....................................
Biological products....................
Medlclnals and botanlcals..............
Pharmaceutical preparations............

283
2831
2833
2834

3
4
8
3

3
4
10
4

3
5
8
4

3
6
10
4

3
3
9
3

4
4
11
4

3
5
9
4

3
7
10
4

Soap, cleaners, and toilet goods.........
Soap and other detergents..............
Polishes and sanitation goods..........
Surface active agents..................
Toilet preparations....................

284
2841
2842
2843
2844

3
7
5
5
3

3
6
6
6
4

4
9
6
7
4

3
4
7
9
4

3
7
5
6
3

3
6
6
6
3

4
9
6
8
5

3
4
7
9
4

Paints and allied products...............

285

4

5

4

8

4

5

4

8

Industrial organic chemicals.............
Gum and wood chemicals.................
Cyclic crudes and intermediates........
Industrial organic chemicals, n.e.c....

286
2861
2865
2869

4
10
6
6

7
13
8
11

5
12
7
7

11
54
9
8

4
9
6
6

7
12
8
11

5
12
7
6

7
39
10
7

Agricultural chemicals...................
Nitrogenous fertilizers................
Phosphate fertilizers..................
Fertilizers, mixing only...............
Agricultural chemicals, n.e.c..........

287
2873
2874
2875
2879

3
7
4
5
8

5
10
8
9
8

4
9
5
6
10

7
17
6
18
7

3
8
5
6
7

5
11
9
9
7

4
9
5
6
8

7
17
6
19
6

Miscellaneous chemical products..........
Adhesives and sealants.................
Explosives.............................
Printing ink...........................
Carbon black...........................
Chemical preparations, n.e.c...........

289
2891
2892
2893
2895
2899

2
5
5
5
11
4

3
9
6
6
10
5

3
5
7
6
13
4

5
14
6
10
14
7

2
5
5
5
11
4

3
9
7
7
10
5

3
5
8
6
13
4

5
15
7
10
14
7

29

3

4

3

3

3

4

3

3

Petroleum refining.......................

291

5

6

5

5

4

6

5

5

Paving and roofing materials.............
Paving mixtures and blocks.............
Asphalt felts and coatings.............

295
2951
2952

4
9
3

5
13
5

4
11
4

5
15
5

4
9
4

5
13
5

4
11
4

5
14
5

Miscellaneous petroleum and coal
products.............................
Lubricating oils and greases...........
Petroleum and coal products, n.e.c.....

299
2992
2999

4
4
8

4
4
8

5
4
11

7
7
12

4
4
9

4
5
8

5
4
11

7
8
13

Petroleum and coal products................

Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products..
Tires and inner tubes....................
Rubber and plastics footwear.............
Reclaimed rubber.........................
Rubber and plastics hose and belting.....
Fabricated rubber products, n.e.c........
Miscellaneous plastics products..........

1

2

2

2

2

2

301
302
303
304
306
307

4
6
11
4
2
2

5
6
11
4
3
3

7
8
12
5
3
2

4
9
13
4
4
3

4
6
11
4
2
2

5
6
10
4
3
3

7
8
12
6
3
3

4
10
13
4
4
3

30

2•

2

31

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

2

Leather tanning and finishing............
Boot and shoe cut stock and findings.....

311
313

2
4

3
5

3
5

3
7

2
4

4
5

3
5

3
7

Footwear, except rubber..................
House slippers.........................
Men's footwear, except athletic........
Women's footwear, except athletic......
Footwear, except rubber, n.e.c.........

314
3142
3143
3144
3149

2
5
3
3
7

3
4
4
5
6

3
7
4
3
8

3
4
5
3
9

2
5
3
3
7

3
4
5
6

3
2
4
3
9

«
6
3
10

Leather gloves and mittens...............
Luggage..................................

315
316

9
6

10
7

11
7

14
5

10
6

10
7

11
2

16
6

Handbags and personal leather goods......
Women's handbags and purses............
Personal leather goods, n.e.c..........

317
3171
3172

4
7
6

7
8
11

6
9
8

5
6
8

4

7

6
8

2
6

8
11

6
9
8

1

1

1

2

1

1

1

2

Local and interurban passenger transit.....

41

4

4

5

6

4

4

5

6

Trucking and warehousing...................
Trucking, local and long distance........
Public warehousing.......................

42
421
422

2
2
4

2

3
3
5

4

2
4

2

2
2
4

2
3
4

3
3
5

4
4
7

Water transportation.......................
Water transportation services............

44
446

4
3

4
3

5
5

5
4

4
3

4
3

5
5

5
5

Transportation by air.................. .
Pipelines, except natural gas..............

45
46

2
6

2
8

3
7

4
13

2
6

2
9

3
7

4
13
8
13

Leather and leather products...............

Transportation and public utilities..........

5

3

Transportation services....................
Miscellaneous transportation services....

47
478

5
7

5
8

6
9

8
13

5
7

5
8

6
9

Communication..............................

48

4

4

5

6

4

4

5

6

Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......
Sanitary services........................

49
495

2
5

2
6

2
7

2
8

2
6

2
6

2
8

2
8

See footnotes at end of table.




83

Table A-1. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational injuries and illnesses,
and occupational injuries, private sector, by industry. United States, 1977—Continued
Relative standard error (percent) 2/

Inju ries

Injuries and illnesses

Industry

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Lost
workday

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Total

Lost
workday
cases

Nonfatal
cases
without
lost
workdays

Lost
workdays

Wholesale and retail trade...................

1

2

2

3

1

2

2

3

Wholesale trade............................

3

3

4

5

3

3

4

5

4
4

5
4

5
4

9
6

4
4

5
4

5
4

9
7

2

2

2

4

2

2

2

4

5
4
4
5
12
9
7
10

5
4
3
3
10
8
5
8

n
5
9
9
37
13
14
14

4
3
3
3
8
6
5
7

5
4
4
5
12
9
7
10

5
4
3
3
9
8
5
8

a
5
9
9
38
13
14
14

3

5

4

7

3

5

4

7

6
10
11
4
12
7

9
14
17
5
18
10

7
12
12
5
13
8

13
19
14
8
19
14

6
10
11
4
. 11
7

9
14
17
5
19
10

7
12
11
5
13
8

13
19
14
9
30
14

Wholesale trade— durable goods...........
Wholesale trade— nondurable goods........

50
51

Retail trade...............................
Building materials and garden supplies...*
General merchandise stores...............
Food stores........................ .....
Automotive dealers and service stations...
Apparel and accessory stores.............
Furniture and home furnishings stores....
Eating and drinking places...............
Miscellaneous retail.....................

52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

Finance, insurance, and real estate..........
Banking....................................
Credit agencies other than banks...........
Security, commodity brokers, and services...
Insurance carriers..................... «...
Insurance agents, brokers and service......
Real estate................................

60
61
62
63
64
65

4
3
3
3
8
6
5
7

4

2

2

2

3

2

3

2

Hotels and other lodging places............
Personal services..........................
Business services..........................
Auto repair, services, and garages.........

70
72
73
75

3
7
7

3
8
8
7

4
9
7
6

5
23
12
12

3
7
7
5

3
8
8
7

4
9
7
7

5
23
12
12

Miscellaneous repair services..............
Miscellaneous repair shops...............

76
769

5
6

7
8

6
7

13
16

5
6

6
8

6
7

13
16

Amusement and recreation services..........
Health services............................
Educational services.......................
Social services............................
Museums, botanical, and zoological
gardens................................
Miscellaneous services.....................

79
80
82
83

13
3
8
8

19
3
9
9

13
4
9
10

14
5
22
13

14
3
8
8

19
3
7
9

13
4
10
10

14
5
22
13

84
89

7
12

10
14

9
13

15
28

8
12

10
14

9
14

16
29

Services.....................................

5

' Standard Industrial Classification Manual (SIC), 1972 Edition.
2 See discussion of reliability of estimates.
3 Relative standard error of zero or less than .5.

(SIC 40).
n.e.c. = not elsewhere classified.

NOTE: Relative standard errors were not calculated for the mining division, coal and lignite mining
(SIC 11-12), metal and nonmetal mining and quarrying (SIC 10 and 14), and railroad transportation




SOURCE: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.

84

Table A-2. Relative standard errors for measures of occupational illnesses, private sector, by industry,
United States, 1977
Relative standard
error (percent) 2_
/

Industry

SIC
code
1/

Total
cases

Relative standard
error (percent) 2/

Lost
workday
cases

Industry

SIC

Total

Lost
workday
cases

16
5
28
29
18
6

23
4
22
29
37
9
12

1/

Private sector..........................

2

2

Transportation and public utilities continued.

Agriculture, forestry, and fishing............

7

14

91-02
07
08
09

8
14
33
23

17
25
52
31

Water transportation.......................
Transportation by air......................
Pipelines, except natural gas..............
Transportation services....................
Communication.................... .........
Electric, gas, and sanitary services.......
Wholesale and retail trade...................

11

13

14

15

Wholesale trade............................

17

18

7

13

Wholesale trade— durable goods...........
Wholesale trade— nondurable goods........

50
51

24
23

29
23

15
12

26
28
12

u

1
5

52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59

35
16
23
18
49
24

57
21
30
28
34

Agricultural production...................
Agricultural services.....................
Forestry..................................
Fishing, hunting, and trapping............
Mining........................................
Oil and gas extraction....................
Construction..................................
General building contractors..............
Heavy construction contractors............
Special trade contractors.................

15
16
17

Manufacturing.................................

1

1

1
7
8
6
3
3
3
2

2

2

20
21
22
23
26
27
28
29
30
31

3
16
4
5
4
6
4
9
5
3

3
20
10
5
5
11
6
11
7
4

4

8

41
42

28
11

26
15

24
25
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Nondurable goods............................
Food and kindred products.................
Tobacco manufactures......................
Textile mill products.....................
Apparel and other textile products........
Paper and allied products.................
Printing and publishing...................
Chemicals and allied products.............
Petroleum and coal products...............
Rubber and miscellaneous plastics products.
Leather and leather products..............
Transportation and public utilities...........
Local and interurban passenger transit....
Trucking and warehousing.................

rrH<
\9
Building materials and garden supplies....
General merchandise stores...............
Food stores..............................
Automotive dealers and service stations...
Apparel and accessory stores.............
Furniture and home furnishings stores....
Eating and drinking places...............
Miscellaneous retail.....................

1

5
4
4
2
3
3
2
3
4
4

Durable goods...............................
Lumber and wood products..................
Furniture and fixtures....................
Stone, clay, and glass products...........
Primary metal industries..................
Fabricated metal products.................
Machinery, except electrical..............
Electric and electronic equipment.........
Transportation equipment..................
Instruments and related products..........
Miscellaneous manufacturing Industries....

9

1/

Banking....................................
Credit agencies other than banks...........
Security, commodity brokers, and services...
Insurance carriers.........................
Insurance agents, brokers and service......
Real estate................................

5

3
4

60
61
62
63
64
65

45
41
15
33

-

53
19
-

56

7

10

8
27
34
24
26
54
28
9
44
33

15
46
40
39
38
49
9
45

84
89

35
40

17

~

coal and lignite mining (SIC 11-12), metal and nonmetal mining and quarry­
ing (SIC 10 and 14), and railroad transportation (SIC 40).

See discussion of reliability of estimates.
n.e.c * not elsewhere classified.

NOTE: Dashes indicate data that do not meet publication guidelines.
Relative standard errors were not calculated for the mining division,




38

70
72
73
75
76
78
79
80
82
83

Services.....................................
Hotels and other lodging places............
Personal services..........................
Business services..........................
Auto repair, services, and garages...... .
Miscellaneous repair services..............
Motion pictures............................
Amusement and recreation services..........
Health services............................
Educational services.......................
Social services............................
Museums, botanical, and zoological
gardens................................
Miscellaneous services.....................

21

Finance, insurance, and real estate..........

Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 1972 Edition.

2/

44
45
46
47
48
49

SOURCE:

85

Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor.




Appendix B. OSH A No. 103
Report Form and Instructions

86

Dear Employer:

SECTION I. ESTABLISHMENTS INCLUDED IN THE REPORT
This report should include only those establishments located in, or identified by, the Report
Location or Identification designation which appears below your mailing address. This designa­
tion may be a geographical area, usually a county or c ity, or it could be a brief description of
your operation w ithin a geographical area. If you have any questions concerning the coverage of
this report, please contact the agency identified on the OSHA No. 103 report form.

The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 requires the Secretary o f Labor to collect, com­
pile, and analyze statistics on occupational injuries and illnesses. This is accomplished through a
jo in t, Federal-State survey program w ith States that have received Federal grants fo r collecting
and com piling statistics. Establishments are selected fo r this survey on a sample basis w ith varying
probabilities depending upon size. Certain establishments may be included in each year's sample
because o f their importance to the statistics fo r their industry.

Enter in Section I. the number of establishments (as defined below) included in this report.
DEFIN ITIO N OF ESTABLISHMENT

You have been selected to participate in the nationwide Occupational Injuries and Illnesses Sur­
vey fo r 1977. Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act, your report is mandatory.

An ESTABLISHMENT Is defined as— a single physical location where business is con­
ducted o r w here services o r indu stria l operations are perform ed. (F o r exam ple: a fa cto ry,
m ill, store, h ote l, restaurant, m ovie theatre, fa rm , ranch, bank, sales o ffic e , warehouse, or
central adm inistrative o ffic e .)

The follow ing items are enclosed fo r your use: (1) Instructions fo r completing the form ; (2)
Form OSH A No. 103 and a copy for your files; and (3) An addressed return envelope. Please
complete Form OSH A No. 103 and return it w ithin three weeks in the envelope provided.

For firm s engaged In activities such as c o n s tru c tio n , tra n sp ortatio n, com m unication, or
electric, gas and sanitary services, w hich m ay be physically dispersed, reports should
cover the place to w hich employees n orm a lly re p o rt each day.

If you have any questions about this survey, contact the survey collection agency indicated on
Form OSHA No. 103.

Reports fo r personnel w h o do n o t p rim a rily re p o rt o r w o rk at a single establishment,
such as traveling salesmen, technicians, engineers, etc., should cover the location fro m
w hich th e y are paid or the base fro m w hich personnel operate to carry o u t th e ir activities.

Thank you fo r your cooperation w ith this important survey.
Sincerely,

SECTION II. A N N U A L AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT IN 1977
Enter in Section II. the average of full and part-time employees who worked during calendar year
1977 in the establishment(s) included in this report. Include all classes of employees, including
seasonal, temporary, administrative, supervisory, clerical, professional, technical, sales, delivery,
installation, construction, and service personnel, as well as operating and related workers.

00

~vl

EU LA BINGHAM
O
Assistant Secretary fo r
Occupational Safety and Health

Annual Average employment should be computed by summing the employment from all pay
periods during 1977 and then dividing that sum by the total number of such pay periods through­
out the entire year, including periods w ith no employment. For example, if you had the follow ­
ing m onthly employment— Jan.-10; Feb.-10; Mar.-10; Apr.-5; May-5; June-5; July-5; Aug.-O;
Sept.-O; Oct.-O; Nov.-5; Dec.-5— you would sum the number of employees fo r each monthly pay
period (in this case. 60) and then divide that total by 12 (the number of pay periods during the
year) to derive an annual average employment of 5.

SURVEY REPORTING REGULATIONS
T itle 29, Part 1904.20-22 o f the Code o f Federal Regulations requires th a t: each
e m plo yer shall return the com pleted survey fo rm , OSHA No. 103, w ith in 3 weeks
o f receipt in accordance w ith the instructions shown below.

Change o f Ownership— When there has been a change of ownership during the report period, only
the records o f the current owner are to be entered in the report. Explain fu lly under "Comments."

SECTION III. TO TAL HOURS WORKED IN 1977
Enter in Section III. the total number of hours actually worked by all classes of employees during
1977. Be sure to include O NLY time on duty. DO NOT include any non-work time even though
paid, such as vacations, sick leave, holidays, etc. The hours worked figure should be obtained
from payroll or other time records wherever possible; if hours worked are not maintained sepa­
rately from hours paid, please enter your best estimate. If actual hours worked are not available
for employees paid on commission, salary, by the mile, etc., hours worked may be estimated on
the basis o f scheduled hours or 8 hours per workday.

Partial-Year Reporting— For establishments which were not in existence fo r the entire report
year, the report should cover the portion of the period during which the establishment(s) was
in existence. Explain fu lly under "Comments."

(Example— If a group o f 10 salaried employees worked an average of 8 hours per day, 5 days
a week, fo r 50 weeks of the report period the total hours worked fo r this group would be
1 0 x 8 x 5 x 5 0 = 20,000 hours fo r the report period.)

INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETING FORM OSHA NO. 103
1977 OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES AND ILLNESSES SURVEY
(Covering Calendar Year 1977)




1

SECTION IV. SUPPORT A C TIV ITIE S PERFORMED FOR OTHER ESTABLISHMENTS OF
YOUR COMPANY
It is necessary to know whether this report includes any establishment(s) whose primary function
is to provide supporting services to other establishments of your company. The more important
examples include central administrative (headquarters or district) offices; research, development,
or testing facilities; and storage (warehouses).
Answer " N o " if (a) services are not the primary function of any establishment(s) included in
this report or (b) if services are provided but only on a contract or fee basis for the general public
or for other business firms.
Answer "Y es" only if supporting services are provided to other establishments of your company.
Also, indicate the prim ary type of service or support provided by checking as many boxes as
apply. For example, if one separate establishment is a central administrative office and another
is a warehouse, check both (1) and (3). If several supporting services are performed in one estab­
lishment at a single location, check the one box which best describes the primary activity.
SECTION V. NATURE OF BUSINESS IN 1977
In order to assign the appropriate nature of business code, we must have information about the
specific economic activity carried on by the establishment(s) included in your report during
calendar year 1977.
00

00

NOTE; If more than one establishment is included (as indicated in Section I.), information in
Section V. should reflect the combined activities of all such establishments. One code w ill be
assigned which best indicates the nature o f business of the group of establishments as a whole.
Part A : General A c tiv ity — Enter the principal activity during 1977 in general terms such as
manufacturing, construction, trade, finance, services, etc.
Part B: Specific A c tiv ity — List in order of importance the specific products, lines of trade, types
of services, or other economic activities. Provide as much detail as possible. Opposite
each entry, please enter the approximate percentage o f 1977 annual dollar value of
production, sales receipts etc., as appropriate. Reliable estimates are acceptable.
SECTION V I. RECORDABLE INJURIES AND ILLNESSES
Check the appropriate box. If you checked "Y es" complete the remainder of the questionnaire.
If you checked " N o " complete Section V II. (Parts A-C) and Section IX.
SECTION V II. SUPPLEMENTARY D A T A ON JOB SAFETY AND HEALTH
Part A: Enter the number corresponding to the first month in 1977 in which your establish­
m ents) had an OSHA compliance inspection. For example, if the inspection occurred
in March, enter "0 3 ." If the inspection occurred in November enter "1 1 ," etc. Include
inspections under the Federal or State equivalents of the Occupational Safety and
Health A ct by Federal or State inspectors and other inspections which may result in
penalties fo r violations o f safety standards. Do not include inspections lim ited to eleva­
tors or boilers or those which are consultative in nature.




Part B: Periodic general medical examinations: examinations administered by a doctor, or
registered professional personnel under the standing orders of a doctor, in which medical
opinions or conclusions are drawn.
Periodic medical surveillance examinations: periodic screening of employees who are
exposed to toxic substances, hazardous materials, or injurious forces (e.g., noise, radi­
ation, etc.).
SECTION V III. INJURY AND ILLNESS SUMMARY
This section can be completed quickly and easily by copying the data already entered on your
OSHA No. 102 "Summary of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses" fo r 1977 or by summarizing
the data from your OSHA No. 100 "Lo g of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses."
NOTE: If this report includes more than one establishment, the separate OSHA No. 102 sum­
maries fo r each must be added and the sums entered in Section V III. However, you should first
make sure that each OSHA No. 102 form has been correctly prepared. The OSHA No. 102 form
is the summary of cases which have been entered on the Log of Occupational Injuries and Ill­
nesses (OSHA No. 100) during calendar year 1977. Please review the Log to make sure that all
entries are correct and complete. Each case should be included in only one of the three types:
Fatalities (Log column 8); Lost Workday Cases (Log column 9); or Nonfatal Cases W ithout
Lost Workdays (Log column 10). The Summary (OSHA No. 102) should have been completed
by summarizing, separately, occupational injuries (code 10) and the seven categories of occupa­
tional illnesses (code 21 through 29) according to instructions on the back of the Summary
form. Please remember that, if your employees’ loss of workdays is still continuing at the time
the summary is completed, you should estimate the number of future workdays they w ill lose
and add this estimate to the actual workdays already lost.
NOTE: A ll injuries which, in your judgment, required only First A id Treatment, even when
administered by a doctor or nurse, should n o t be included on this report. First Aid Treatment is
defined as one-time treatment and subsequent observation of minor scratches, cuts, burns,
splinters, etc.
SECTION IX.
Please complete all parts, including telephone number. Then return the OSHA No. 103 form
(but NOT your file copy) in the self-addressed envelope.

1977 OSHA No. 103 Form
Annual Occupational Injuries and Illnesses
Survey (Covering Calendar Year 1977)

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau o f Labor Statistics fo r the Occupational
Safety and Health Administration

The inform ation collected on this form by the Bureau o f Labor
Statistics w ill be used only fo r administrative and statistical purposes.
St.

Sch. No

Ck.

Suf.

THIS REPORT IS M AN DATORY UNDER PUBLIC LAW 91-596. FA ILU R E TO REPORT
CAN RESULT IN THE ISSUANCE OF CITATIONS AND ASSESSMENT OF PENALTIES.

Cd.

o ompiete mis report wnemer o r n o t mere were
SIC

recordable occupational injuries o r illnesses.

Edit

READ INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE COMPLETING THIS FORM.
NATURE OF BUSINESS FOR 1977

Tear along perforation and see attached instructions.

ESTABLISHMENTS INCLUDED IN THIS REPORT
This re p o rt should include o nly those establishments located in, or
id e n tifie d by, the Report Location or Identification w hich appears
below y o u r m ailing address on this fo rm . Enter the num ber o f
establishm ents (see d e fin itio n on page 1) included in this report:

B. E nter in order
o f im portance the
p rincipal products
m anufactured, lines
o f trade, specific
services, or o ther
d escription o f
specific activities
fo r 1977.

III. TO TA L HOURS W ORKED IN 1977
E nter the to ta l num ber o f hours actually w orke d by all employees
during 1977. DO N O T include any non-w ork tim e even though
paid, such as vacations, sick leave, etc. N ote: If employees w orke d
lo w hours d uring 1977 due to layoffs, strikes, fires, etc., explain
under com m ents (section IX .).
(R ound to th e nearest
w ho le num ber)__________________

Does th is re p o rt include any establishment(s) whose prim ary fu n c ­
tio n is to provide su p p o rt activities or services exclusively fo r
o th e r establishm ents o f y o u r company?
< 1 )D No
(2) □ Yes
If yes, indicate the p rim a ry typ e o f service or su pp o rt provided.
(Check as m any as app ly.)
(1) □ C entral adm in istra tive o ffice
(2) □

Research, developm ent, or testing

<3>D Storage (warehouse)
(4) □

O the r (sp e cify)_________________________________________

REPORT LOCATION
.OR IDENTIFICA TIO N
OSHA No. 103 (Rev. Sept. 1977)




A. If y o u r establishm ent(s) had eith e r a Federal o r State OSHA co m p li­
ance inspection during calendar year 1977, please enter the m onth o f the
first inspection.
______—
,
(Leave th is box blank)
(a) Do you provide medical exam inations fo r y o u r employees?
( 1 ) D No
(2) □ Yes

E nter the average n um ber o f employees w ho w orked during calen­
dar year 1977. Include all classes o f employees, including seasonal,
te m p o ra ry, p art-tim e , etc. See instructions fo r an example o f com ­
p u tin g y o u r average em plo ym en t.
_
(R ou n d to the nearest
w hole num ber)

IV. SUPPORT A C TIV ITIE S PERFORMED FOR OTHER
ESTABLISHMENTS OF YOUR COMPANY

Complete and return
only THIS FORM
within 3 weeks.

V II. SUPPLEMENTARY D A TA ON JOB SAFETY AND HEALTH

A. Indicate the general typ e o f a c tiv ity per­
fo rm e d d uring 1977 by the establishm ent(s)
included in this re po rt (i.e., m anufacturing,
wholesale trade, retail trade, co n stru ctio n ,
services, finance, e tc.):

II. A N N U A L AVERAGE EMPLOYMENT IN 1977

00
CD

O.M.B. No. 44-R 1492
Approval Expires October 1978

For each
e n try , also
include the
approxim ate
percent o f
to ta l 1977
annual value
o f p ro d u c ­
tio n , sales,
o r receipts.

(1 ).

_%

(2).

(3 ).

_%

V I. RECORDABLE INJURIES AND
ILLNESSES
Did you have any recordable injuries or ill­
nesses during calendar year 1977? (Check
one.)
(1) □ N o — com plete sections V II. and IX .
(2) □ Yes— com plete sections V II., V III.,
and IX .

(b) I f yes, indicate the typ e o f m edical exam inations provided any o f
y o u r employees. (Check as m any as apply.)
(1) □ Pre-placement exam inations o f new employees
(2) □ Periodic general m edical exam inations
(3) □ Periodic medical surveillance exam inations
(4) □ E xam ination o f employees returning to w o rk after a lost
tim e jo b related in ju ry o r illness
(5) □ E xam ination o f employees upon te rm in a tio n o f em ploy­
m e nt
(6) □ O ther (specify)
C. Do you have an established safety and health tra in in g program?
(Check as m any as apply.)
(1) □ No
(2) □ Yes— tra in in g fo r new employees
(3) □ Yes— tra in in g sessions fo r employees exposed to to x ic sub­
stances w hich exceed prescribed action levels
(4) □ Yes— scheduled em ployee meetings, q ua rte rly o r more ofte n
(5) □ Yes— in fo rm a l, nonscheduled tra in ing by supervisors
(6) □ Yes— O ther (specify)
D. E nter the num ber o f lo st w ork d a y cates (n o t the num ber o f lost
w orkdays) in y o u r establishm ent(s) in 1977 w hich had 15 or more
w orkdays away fro m w o rk . (R efer to colum n 9a o f the log, OSHA
No. 100.)

V III. INJURY AND ILLNESS SUMMARY (Covering Calendar Year 1977)
INSTRUCTIONS:

#

This section may be com pleted by copying data from OSHA No. 102, "S um m a ry, Occupational Injuries and Illnesses," or by sum m arizing the data from
OSH A No. 100, " L o g o f Occupational Injuries and Illnesses."

•

Leave Section V II I. blank if there were no recordable injuries or illnesses during 1977.

•

Code 3 0 — A d d all Occupational Illnesses (Code 21 + 22 + 23 + 24 + 25 + 26 + 29) and enter on this line fo r each colum n (1) through (8).

•

Code 31 — Add O ccupational Injuries (Code 10) and the sum o f all O ccupational Illnesses (Code 30) and enter on th is line fo r each colum n (1) through (8).

• Please check yo u r figures to make sure the entries in column (1) = the sum o f the entries in columns (2), (3), and (7).
• Note that firs t aid, even when administered b y a doctor or nurse, is n o t recordable.
TOTAL
CASES

IN J U R Y A N D IL L N E S S
CATEGO RY

l T o ta l lost
| w ork d a y cases
C
o
D
E

OCCUPATIONAL INJURIES

| N um ber o f
| checks in col. 9
o f the log
(3)

....*&£.............

Respiratory co n d itio n s due
to to x ic agents
1 Poisoning (system ic effects
o f to x ic m aterials)
; Disorders due to
physical agents
1 Disorders associated
w ith repeated traum a
A ll o th e r occupational
illnesses

21

N um ber o f
entries in col. 9 A
o f the log
(4)

Sum o f
entries in col. 9 A
o f the log
(5)

Sum o f
entries in col. 9B
o f the log
(6)

N um ber o f
checks in col. 10
o f the log
(7)

22

: ..........................................;

...... ?............................

........ . .

**

!'

.................................

4

|

w

23

i
■
■

::
24

i
::
?
5

25
26

j

29
::

.
.

v

;

______ ____________

'

- —

.-

......................

.....

31
i

IX. COMMENTS

REPORT PREPARED BY

AREA CODE AND PHONE

TITLE

DATE




I

N um ber o f
checks in col. 11
o f the log
(8)

I

; T O T A L -O C C U P A T IO N A L
ILLN E SSES
30
(Sum o f codes 21 th ro u gh 29)

T O T A L -O C C U P A T IO N A L
IN JU R IE S A N D ILLN E S S E S
(Sum o f code 1 0 and code 3 0 )

Days o f restricted
w o rk a c tiv ity

i; T E R M IN A ­
TIO N S OR
PERMANENT
TR A N S FE R S

:

.............
O ccupational skin diseases
or disorders
Dust diseases o f the lungs

Days away
fro m w o rk

10

|
'

OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESSES

N um ber o f
entries in col. 8
o f the log
(2)

N um ber of
entries in col. 7
o f the log
(1)

Cases involving
days away from
w ork

N onfatal CASES
W IT H O U T
LOST
W ORKDAYS

\ LOST W O R K D A Y CASES ONL V

D E A TH S

...................

___ ___

Appendix C. State Agencies
Participating
in the 1977 Survey

The 1977 survey was conducted in cooperation with
agencies in 41 States, the District of Columbia,
American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin
Islands which received operating grants. These agen­
cies shared half the cost with the Federal Government
in collecting, processing, and analyzing the survey
data. Also, national data for 5 of the 9 States which did
not have operational grants were collected by the
Bureau of Labor Statistics and for the other 4—New
Jersey, New York, Ohio, and Texas by State agencies
under contract. Following are the State agencies which
received operating grants to participate in the annual
survey:

Maryland Department of Licensing and Regulation
Massachusetts Department of Labor and Industries
Michigan Department of Labor
Minnesota Department of Labor and Industry
Mississippi State Board of Health
Missouri Department of Labor and Industrial Rela­
tions
Montana Department of Labor and Industry
Nebraska Workers’ Compensation Court
Nevada Department of Industrial Safety
New Mexico Health and Environment Department
North Carolina Department of Labor
Oregon Workers’ Compensation Department
Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry
Puerto Rico Department of Labor and Human
Resources
Rhode Island Department of Labor

Alabama Department of Labor
Alaska Department of Labor
American Samoa Department of Manpower Resources
Arizona Industrial Commission
Arkansas Department of Labor

South Carolina Department of Labor
South Dakota Department of Health
Tennessee Department of Labor
Utah Industrial Commission
Vermont Department of Labor and Industry

California Department of Industrial Relations
Colorado Department of Labor and Employment
Connecticut Department of Labor
Delaware Department of Labor
District of Columbia Department of Labor
Florida Department of Labor and Employment
Security
Guam Department of Labor
Hawaii Department of Labor and Industrial Relations
Idaho Industrial Commission

Virgin Islands Department of Labor
Virginia Department of Labor and Industry
Washington Department of Labor and Industries
West Virginia Department of Labor
Wisconsin Department of Industry, Labor and Human
Relations
Wyoming Department of Labor and Statistics

Indiana Division of Labor
Iowa Bureau of Labor
Kansas Department of Health and Environment
Kentucky Department of Labor
Louisiana Department of Labor
Maine Department of Manpower Affairs

Requests for more detailed data by industry for the
States shown in this publication can be obtained
directly from these agencies or by contacting the
Bureau of Labor Statistics' Regional Office which serv­
ices your area. Addresses and telephone numbers of the
Regional Offices are found on the back cover.




91

Appendix D. Glossary of Terms

Average lost workdays per lost workday case

The number of workdays lost divided by the number of
lost workday cases.

Cooperative program

A program jointly conducted by the States and the
Federal Government to collect occupational injury and
illness statistics.

Employment-size group

A grouping of establishments with a specified range of
employment.

I

Mean. Number of injuries and/or illnesses, or lost
workdays experienced by 100 full-time workers. The
rate is calculated as:

Incidence rate

N x 200,000 where
EH*
N = number of occupational injuries and/or illnesses,
or lost workdays
EH = total hours worked by all employees during
calendar year
200,000 — base for 100 full-time equivalent workers
(working 40 hours per week, 50 weeks per
year).
Median. Incidence rate is the middle measure in the dis­
tribution—one-half of the establishments have an inci­
dence rate more than and half less than the median
rate.
Middle range. (Interquartile) is defined by two
measures—one-fourth of the establishments have a rate
less than the first quartile and one-fourth a rate more
than the third quartile rate.

Cases which involve days away from work, or days of
restricted work activity, or both.

Lost workday cases




(1) Lost workday cases involving days away from work
Those cases which result in days away from
work, or a combination of days away from work
and days of restricted work activity.
(2) Lost workday cases involving restricted work ac­
tivity
Those cases which result in restricted activity
only.

92

Lost workdays

The number of workdays (consecutive or not) the
employee was away from work or limited to restricted
work activity because of an occupational injury or ill­
ness.
(1) Lost workdays— away from work
The number of workdays (consecutive or not) on
which the employee would have worked but
could not because of occupational injury or ill­
ness.
(2) Lost workdays— restricted work activity
The number of workdays (consecutive or not) on
which, because of injury or illness: (1) the
employee was assigned to another job on a tem­
porary basis, or (2) the employee worked at a
permanent job less than full time, or (3) the
employee worked at a permanently assigned job
but could not perform all duties normally con­
nected with it.
The number o f days away from work or days o f restricted
work activity does not include the day of injury or onset

of illness or any days on which the employee would not
have worked even though able to work.
Medical treatment

Includes treatment administered by a physician or by
registered professional personnel under the standing
orders of a physician. Medical treatment does not in­
clude first-aid treatment (one-time treatment and sub­
sequent observation of minor scratches, cuts, burns,
splinters, and so forth, which do not ordinarily require
medical care) even though provided by a physician or
registered professional personnel.

Occupational illness

Any abnormal condition or disorder, other than one
resulting from an occupational injury, caused by ex­
posure to environmental factors associated with
employment. It includes acute and chronic illnesses or
diseases which may be caused by inhalation, absorp­
tion, ingestion, or direct contact, and which can be in­
cluded in the categories listed below. The following




categories w ere used by em ployers to classify re c o rd ­

able occupational illnesses:
(21)

(22)

(23)

(24)
93

Occupational skin diseases or disorders
Examples: Contact dermatitis, eczema, or
rash caused by primary irritants and sen­
sitizers or poisonous plants; oil acne; chrome
ulcers; chemical burns or inflammations; etc.
Dust diseases of the lungs (pneumoconioses)
Examples: Silicosis, asbestosis, coal worker’s
pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, and other
pneumoconioses.
Respiratory conditions due to toxic agents
Examples: Pneumonitis, pharyngitis, rhinitis
or acute congestion due to chemicals, dusts,
gases, or fumes; farmer’s lung; etc.
Poisoning (systematic effects of toxic
materials)

(25)

(26)

(29)

Examples: Poisoning by lead, mercury, cad­
mium, arsenic, or other metals; poisoning by
carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide, or other
gases; poisoning by benzol, carbon
tetrachloride, or other organic solvents;
poisoning by insecticide sprays such as
parathion, lead arsenate; poisoning by other
chemicals such as formaldehyde, plastics, and
resins, etc.
Disorders due to physical agents (other than
toxic materials)
Examples: Heatstroke, sunstroke, heat ex­
haustion, and other effects of environmental
heat; freezing, frostbite, and effects of ex­
posure to low temperatures; caisson disease;
effects of ionizing radiation (isotopes, X-rays,
radium); effects of nonionizing radiation
(welding flash, ultraviolet rays, microwaves,
sunburn); etc.
Disorders due to repeated trauma
Examples: Noise-induced hearing loss; syn­
ovitis, tenosynovitis, and bursitis; Raynaud’s
phenomena; and other conditions due to
repeated motion, vibration, or pressure.
All other occupational illnesses
Examples: Anthrax, brucellosis, infectious
hepatitis; malignant and benign tumors, food
poi s oni ng, hi s t o p l a s mo s i s , coccidiodomycosis, etc.

Occupational injury

Any injury such as a cut, fracture, sprain, amputation,
etc., which results from a work accident or from ex­
posure involving a single incident in the work environ­
ment.

Occupational injuries and illnesses

Any occupational injuries or illnesses which result in:
(1)
Fatalities, regardless of the time between the
injury and death, or the length of the illness;
or
(2)
Lost workday cases, other than fatalities, that
result in lost workdays; or
(3)
Non fatal cases without lost workdays, which
result in transfer to another job or termina­
tion of employment, or require medical treat­
ment, or involve loss of consciousness, or
restriction of work or motion. This category
also includes any diagnosed occupational ill­
nesses which are reported to the employer but
are not classified as fatalities or lost workday
cases.

Report form

Refers to survey form OSHA No. 103 which is com­
pleted and returned by the selected sample unit.

Standard industrial classification (SIC)

A classification system developed by the Office of
Management and Budget, Executive Office of the
President, for use in the classification of establishments




94

by type of activity in which engaged. Each establish­
ment is assigned an industry code for its major activity
which is determined by the product or group of prod­
ucts, or services rendered. Establishments may be
classified in 2-digit, 3-digit, or 4-digit industries, ac­
cording to the degree of information available.
State (when mentioned alone)




Refers to a State of the United States, the District of
Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and
the Virgin Islands.

☆

95

U.s. GOVERNMENT

PRINTING OFFICE : 1980

0 — 3 1 1 -4 1 6 (1 9 2 )




Employment Projections for the

Subjects include:
The labor force—expected changes in size and composition as a result
of the continuing impact of the post-World War II baby boom, the increased
participation of women, and the drop in the birth rate during the 1960's.
Gross national product and income—projected trends andi
major underlying assumptions on fiscal policy, productivity,!
and other factors affecting aggregate demand/
Industry output and employment—gross product originating^
in major sectors; employment in 149 industries.
Distribution of demand—changing patterns in th e [
major sectors of consumption, business investment,
government expenditures, and foreign
trade, and in 162 industries.!

Four articles from the
Monthly Labor Review
and additional
tables project
the United States
economy to 19 9 0 growth, employment,
output, income,
and demand over
the next decade.
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics

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B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s
R e g io n a l O f f i c e s

Region I

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: (617) 223-6761

Region IV

1371 Peachtree Street, N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: (404) 881-4418
Region V

Region II

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: (212) 399-5405
Region III
3535 Market Street

P.O. Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: (215) 596-1154



9th Floor
Federal Office Building
230 S. Dearborn Street
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: (312) 353-1880
Region VI

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: (214) 749-3516

Regions VII and VIII

911 Walnut Street
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: (816) 374-2481
Regions IX and X

450 Golden Gate Avenue
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: (415) 556-4678

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