View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

Percent distribution of industry

oyaipnt

o c c u p a t i o n , / 1170,

1978

Coa 1
m in ing

1970
Total

all

occupation:

/ 1 / llJ tl

M i ,1 u fJ L L i f / f t - oo

I

E n g in e e r s ,t e c h n ic a 1
Ch e n ic a l
C iv il
E le c tr ic a l
i
I n d u s t r ia l
J
M echanical
J
M e ta llu r g ic a l s f .
..M ining
.K \<
‘

i 67

. 02
.0
1
. 06

i... Akb

l

ife

engineers

and ph

EioloarflVdl'

nee

t

fc)i p i c i h'fs.
Ei yh A /
O jf l s t s 7>
» c h n id
'ech n ic
iir p la
had io
Too 1 pt
O ther
‘ T'r ^ k V /< p 4 f|:
1
U
CO:\VjA e r p i i / f
fT
C om p u te r s j ^ t
O t h e r co mp ute'

ans


ocial sci
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/e
Economists
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

1 0 0 . 0 0 ^ M . 00

i

i o n a l and t e c h n :

2.25 /
.32 /
.01 /
•/"L

1990

<!• Q w

T "2

1B B

////*. *fJI]\
y

/\0 2

.00
. 32

i

1la fM . 00

1 0 0.0 0

S F ^ b \\ v , h 2 z J _ 1 9 . 38, u 2 1 . 2 2

.00

• isi
3. 16*
.1 j
9
. 15J

II

1

The National
Industry-Occupation
Employment Matrix,
1970,1978, and
Projected 1990

Volume I

U.S. Department of Labor
Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner
April 1981
Bulletin 2086




For sale by the Superindent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office
Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price : $17 per set




Preface




Over the past several decades, the Bureau of Labor Statistics has
issued many publications on occupational demand and supply to assist
planners of education and training programs, guidance counselors, and
others involved in helping individuals plan their careers. Several of
these publications also were designed to assist in developing
information on occupational demand and supply for States and local
areas. This bulletin, part of the Bureau’s continuing program of
occupational research, updates information presented in earlier
publications on the occupational structure of industries.
The bulletin was prepared by George T. Silvestri, assisted by Joel
Segaloff, under the direction of Neal H. Rosenthal in the Division of
Occupational Outlook, Office of Economic Growth and Employment
Projections.
Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this
publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be
reproduced without permission.

in




Contents

Page
Volume I:
In troduction.................................................................................................................................

1

The 1970 m atrix .............................................................................................................

2

Updating the 1970 matrix to 1978.............................................................................................

2

Projecting the matrix to 1990 ...................................................................................................

3

Developing current and projected employment estimates for matrix industries................

4

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978,
and projected 1990 .......................................................................................................

6

Volume II:
Tables:
2. Percent distribution of occupational employment by industry, 1970, 1978, and
projected 1990 .....................................................................................................................

1

3. National nonagricultural employment of wage and salary workers by industry,
1970 and projected 1990 ................................................................................................... 482
4. Total national employment by industry, 1970, 1978, and projected 1990 .................. 490
5. National 1978 employment, projected 1990 requirements, and average annual
openings, 1978-90, by occupation......................................................................................495




v




The National Industry-Occupation
Employment Matrix: Volume I

Introduction

The text of this bulletin is divided into four sections.
The first describes the 1970 industry-occupation matrix,
which is the base matrix used to develop projections. It
discusses both the data sources used to supplement the
1970 census, and the comparability of matrix data with
census data. The second section discusses the procedures
and data used to update the 1970 base matrix to 1978.
The third section discusses the development of the
projected 1990 matrix. It includes information about the
assumptions underlying the projections and methods
used to project the occupational structure of individual
industries. The final section covers the procedures used to
develop industry employment estimates for the 1970,
1978, and projected 1990 matrices. It identifies the
differences between data collected and tabulated by the
Bureau of the Census for BLS in a monthly survey of
households (the Current Population Survey) and
employment data tabulated by BLS which are collected by
State agencies from payroll records of employers.
Table 1 presents the percentage distribution of 425
occupations and occupational groups in 260 industries
and industry groups for 1970, 1978, and projected 1990.
The distribution of occupational employment by
industry for the same years is presented in table 2. Other
information presented includes national nonagricultural
employment of wage and salary workers by industry for
1970y 1978, and projected 1990 (table 3); total national
employment by industry for 1970, 1978, and projected
1990 (table 4); and national 1978 employment, projected
1990 requirements, and annual openings, 1978-90, by
occupation (table 5). (Tables 2-5 are found in volume II
of this bulletin.)
The occupational distributions presented in tables 1
and 2 are shown to two decimal places in order to display
as many cells as possible with greater than zero
employment values (a ratio of .00 signifies either zero
employment in the cell or a ratio of less than .005).
However, as described in the following sections, data in
the industry occupation matrix for past years are derived
from a variety of sources which are imprecise. Therefore,
the occupational ratios should be considered only as
approximations rather than as exact measures. Further­
more, the projected ratios contain a substantial degree of
error in some cases and should be used with caution.
The projections of industry and occupational
employment requirements in this bulletin supersede

An industry-occupation matrix is a table depicting the
occupational employment structure of industries. For
each industry included, it presents the proportion of total
employment accounted for by each detailed occupation.
By transposing the industry-occupation matrix table
(i.e., by transforming rows into columns), it is also
possible to identify how total employment in a specific
occupation is distributed by industry. The BLS industryoccupation matrices discussed in this bulletin divide total
U.S. employment into 425 occupations and 260
industries.
This bulletin contains national matrices for 1970,1978,
and projected 1990. These data differ from matrices
published previously in that they use the occupation and
industry classification system of the 1970 Census of
Population. The earlier matrices were based on the more
limited classification system used in the 1960 Census of
Population.
The primary purpose of this bulletin also differs from
that of earlier publications. In the past, data on national
employment by industry and occupation were designed
primarily for use in preparing projections of occupa­
tional requirements for States and areas. A secondary
purpose was to present projections of national
occupational requirements. The information contained
in this bulletin serves primarily the latter purpose.
Users of data on projections should be aware that BLS
will shift the basis for its industry-occupation matrices
sometime in the early 1980’s from the census data used in
this bulletin to data collected under a Bureau survey
developed specifically for this purpose—the Occupa­
tional Employment Statistics (OES) survey. This bulletin
is intended to fill the needs of data users until publication
of matrices developed from OES survey data.
There are several advantages to developing current and
projected employment estimates by industry and
occupation using OES survey data rather than Census of
Population data. The OES surveys provide information
for more specific occupations and industries than is
provided by census data. In addition, the OES surveys are
conducted over a 3-year period rather than once every 10
years and, therefore, allow for more frequent updating of
the occupational staffing patterns of industries. More
information on the OES survey program can be obtained
from the BLS Handbook o f Methods (Bulletin 1910).



1

the April 1 reference date. The principal means of
eliminating this bias was to develop 1970 annual average
industry employment estimates to which the 1970
occupational ratios in each industry, as adjusted from
outside sources, could be applied.
The resulting occupational employment estimates
within each industry were summed to preliminary annual
average national totals. Because occupational data were
inserted from several sources, however, these preliminary
national occupational totals did not add to annual
average national employment obtained from the Current
Population Survey.2
Matrix cells were made consistent with annual average
industry and occupational totals through an iterative
forcing procedure. (A discussion of the method used to
develop industry control totals is presented in the final
section.) Data for major occupational groups from the
Current Population Survey were used as overall
occupational control totals, but data from other sources
mentioned earlier were used as control totals for several
detailed occupations. The iterative procedure adjusts the
internal cells of the matrix to make them consistent with
known control levels by alternately forcing first to
industry employment totals, then to occupation totals.
The procedure is repeated until all internal cells are
consistent with both the industry and occupational
employment controls. Within this procedure any of the
internal cells can be held constant.

those published in previous reports in this series. They are
consistent with BLS projections of the economy to 1990
which were described in Employment Projections fo r the
1980’ (BLS Bulletin 2030). They were developed from
s
the Bureau’s base projection model, which assumes a
moderately expanding labor force, a relatively slow
decline in inflation and unemployment, and moderate
government expenditures. More detailed assumptions
are described in Bulletin 2030.
Because of continuous changes in the factors that
affect long-run economic, industrial, and occupational
growth, the Bureau revises its projections every other
year. Therefore, work is already underway on revisions of
projections presented in this bulletin. In the interim, users
should adjust the staffing patterns in accord with their
knowledge of major changes in the economy since the
projections were prepared.

The 1970 matrix
The 1970 matrix is based primarily on the detailed
occupation-by-industry statistics obtained from the 1970
Decennial Census.1 However, the 1970 matrix differs
from 1970 census data in three important ways: (1)
Employment data from a number of other sources were
used in the matrix because they are considered more
reliable than some census data; (2) the matrix uses
estimates of total wage and salary worker employment by
industry derived from the B ureau’s m onthly
establishment survey, and (3) the BLS matrix was made
consistent with major occupational group employment
estimates from the Current Population Survey (CPS). The
use of such data, which are available annually, allows the
matrix to be updated to current years.
Raw data from the 1970 census were used as the first
step in developing the BLS 1970 matrix. Data on
occupational employment from sources other than the
census were then inserted into the appropriate industryoccupation cells, and revised occupational distributions
were calculated for each industry. The sources include
data compiled by:
• Professional societies, especially those covering
medical and health occupations.
• The U.S. Department of Health, Education, and
Welfare (now the Department of Health and Human
Services) for teachers and librarians.
• U.S. regulatory agencies for regulated interstate
industries, including railroads, airlines, telephone
and telegraph communications, and pipelines.
• The U.S. Civil Service Commission (now the Office
of Personnel Management) for employment of
Federal Government workers.
• The Bureau of Labor Statistics, through occupa­
tional surveys of skilled technical manpower.
• The Bureau of the Census in the Current Population
Survey.
One significant problem encountered in developing the
matrix was the seasonal bias in census data resulting from



Updating the 1970 matrix to 1978
Since comprehensive and reliable intercensal
occupational information by industry has been meager in
the past, the BLS industry-occupation matrix has been
used as a tool to estimate occupational requirements for
years more current than the 1970 base period. The
occupational structure of most industries changes slowly;
changes in industry employment have a more significant
effect on the short-run growth or decline of specific
occupations and on the changing occupational structure
of total U.S. employment. Thus, if reliable occupational
staffing patterns are available for a base year, reasonably
accurate employment estimates for specific occupations
in the next year can be obtained by multiplying the
occupational structure of each industry in the first year
by actual total employment for each industry in the
second year. National totals can be derived by summing
the resulting occupational employment estimates of
individual industries.
These procedures yield reasonably reliable
occupational estimates when updating a matrix from one
year to the next. However, since the 1970 matrix was
updated by 8 years rather than 1 year, it was necessary to
determine whether multiplying 1970 occupational
1U.S. Census o f Population: 1970 Occupation by Industry, Final
Report PC(2)-7C (Bureau of the Census, October 1972).
2The Current Population Survey is generally used as a benchmark for
total national employment.

2

structures by 1978 industry employment totals yielded
reliable occupational estimates for 1978. This was tested
by comparing occupational estimates derived from
independent sources with those derived by using 1970
staffing patterns. In a majority of the cases, the
differences were of too great a magnitude to accept the
matrix-derived occupational estimates. Primarily, the
occupational estimates produced in this manner did not
reflect changes in the occupational structure of industries
that had occurred between 1970 and 1978.
In order to approximate structural changes over the
1970-78 period, the proportions of each occupation in
each industry were projected from 1970 to 1978. These
projections were based on the historical census trends
and on an anlaysis of factors that likely influenced the
trends, such as changes in product mix or changes in
production methods. The resulting patterns for all
mining and manufacturing industries were made
consistent with 1970-78 production and nonproduction
worker employment trends as reported in the Bureau’s
Current Employment Survey (CES) statistics. The
projected 1978 patterns were multiplied by the respective
industry employment estimates and the occupational
cells summed to national totals. These estimates were
also compared with those derived from independent
sources, and the magnitude of the differences was
analyzed. The differences calculated when 1978
estimated patterns were used were generally smaller than
the differences calculated when 1970 patterns were used
and, for this reason, the projected patterns were used to
develop the final matrix for 1978.
Final national occupational estimates for 1978 were
developed in much the same way as those for 1970.
Annual average CPS data for total employment and for
broad occupational groups served as control totals to
which the initial estimates for specific matrix occupations
were forced into consistency. Where other data sources
provided better estimates than those derived from the
matrix approach, they were inserted into their appropriate
matrix cells and also, where applicable, used as total estimates.
All other matrix cells were then made consistent with the
final industry and occupation control totals by the same
iterative forcing procedure used to develop the 1970 matrix.

in the labor force. With 2.1 million persons assumed to be
members of the Armed Forces, the remaining 119.4
million will constitute the civilian labor force. Finally,
since the unemployment rate was assumed to decline to
4.5 percent by 1990, civilian employment was computed
to be 114 million persons.
Other major assumptions underlying the national
employment projections are: (1) The institutional
framework of the U.S. economy will not change
radically; (2) current social, technological, and scientific
trends will continue; (3) no major event such as
widespread or long-lasting energy shortages or war will
significantly alter the industrial structure of the economy
or alter the rate of economic growth; (4) inflation will
declerate to 5.2 percent annually during 1980-90; (5) a
stable, long-run unemployment rate close to 4.5 percent
annually will be achieved by the mid-1980’s; and (6)
higher energy prices will not constrain growth in gross
national product.
Projection methods. Although a variety of techniques
were used, the following steps generally were followed in
projecting the growth of occupations to 1990: (1) Total
employment requirements in each specific matrix
industry were estimated (see the section on developing
current and projected employment for matrix industries);
(2) the occupational structure (ratios) in each specific
industry was projected to 1990; (3) the occupational
ratios were multiplied by the projected total employ­
ment requirements in each industry to derive an estimate
of occupational requirements in each industry in 1990;
and (4) total employment estimates for each specific
matrix occupation were obtained by summing the
projections across all industries.
Trends in the proportion of each occupation in each
detailed industry were projected from historical statistics
and other factors that might influence occupational
structures, such as changing technology of production
and shifting product mix. As a first approximation,
however, 1990 occupational patterns for all specific
matrix industries were obtained by extrapolating trends
in the structure of industries as indicated by 1960 and
1970 census data. The resulting patterns for all mining
and manufacturing industries were then made consistent
with 1960-78 production and nonproduction worker
employment trends reported in the establishment
employment data discussed previously.
Bureau analysts studied technological, institutional,
and other causes of past changes in the occupational
structure of specific industries to determine whether these
factors were likely to affect future occupational
structures to a similar, greater, or lesser extent. Unless
bases were found for modification, trends in the postWorld War II period were assumed to persist to 1990. For
many occupational ratios, particularly those of small
size, the initial projections based on a continuation of
past trends in industry-occupational composition were

Projecting the matrix to 1990
The Bureau’s projected 1990 industry-occupational
matrix and occupational projections presented in this
bulletin are based on a series of assumptions about the
behavior of the economy over the projection period and
its characteristics in the target year. One of the most
important assumptions describes the labor force in the
target year. The Bureau’s 1990 projections presented in
this bulletin assume that the size, sex, and age
composition of the labor force will change as indicated by
the intermediate labor force projections published by BLS
in Employment Projections fo r the 1980’ . By 1990,
s
approximately 121.5 million persons are projected to be



3

used in the final matrix. Projections of ratios of large size,
however, were often modified based on analysis of the
underlying factors. Since an increase or decrease in
proportionate employment for one occupation in a
particular industry requires offsetting changes in other
occupations in the industry, few of the occupational
ratios that were as large as 1 percent were exact
extrapolations of past trends.
Employment requirements in some occupations were
projected independently of the occupation’s relative
importance in an industry. This technique was
particularly useful for occupations that are affected by a
limited number of variables and are located primarily in
one industry or group of industries, such as teachers. The
number of teachers required, for example, is affected by
the number of pupils (which is affected by birth rates and
trends in the proportion of children who attend school)
and by trends in the ratio of teachers to pupils (which
depends upon educational practices and financing). The
requirements for physicians are related to the size of the
population, the age distribution of the population,
technological developments, and expenditures for health
care. Other occupations that were projected directly
included dentists, registered nurses, airplane pilots and
mechanics, radio repairers, and business machine
repairers. For occupations in which the direct projection
technique as well as the industry-occupational matrix
approach was used, the differences in the employment
projections were analyzed and reconciled. The final
estimates were then inserted into the appropriate matrix
cell.
Because a variety of data sources were used to develop
the occupational projections, both for total national
employment and for specific industries, the occupational
totals resulting from the above procedures did not add to
the assumed projected civilian employment totals. The
final matrix was therefore based on a reconciliation of the
individual matrix cells with industry and occupational
control totals and projected civilian employment through
the previously described iterative forcing procedure used
in developing the 1970 matrix.

tion of workers based on household data is not
considered to be as reliable as the distribution based on
the Bureau’s monthly survey of establishments.3
Therefore, in developing the m atrix industry
employment estimates, the establishment series was used
to estimate employment of wage and salary workers of
industries covered, and the CPS was used to estimate
employment of most other workers.
Several conceptual differences between the household
and establishment series had to be reconciled. In the
establishment series, workers on unpaid leave are not
counted in the employment total but are counted in the
household series; estimates of these workers by industry
are, therefore, based on CPS household data. Also, in the
establishment series a worker may be counted more than
once, if he or she is employed by more than one establish­
ment. To eliminate this double counting, a procedure was
developed based upon data on multiple jobholders
reported in the CPS.
A variety of other steps were taken to develop a
comprehensive set of industry employment statistics that
were conceptually consistent with the CPS industry
configuration, including the following: Industry
estimates for all classes of workers in agriculture,
forestry, fisheries, direct selling establishments,
nonprofit organizations, private households, and
government public administration (except postal service)
were based on CPS data. Estimates of State and local
government workers (except public administration) in
the following industry sectors were obtained from Public
Employment in 1970 (U.S. Department of Commerce,
April 1971): Education, highways, welfare services,
hospitals and convalescent institutions, liquor stores,
sanitary services, water supply, local transportation
systems, and public utilities. Estimates for Federal
Government workers (except for public administration)
in most industries were obtained from Employment and
Wages o f Workers Covered by State Unemployment
Insurance Laws and Unemployment Compensation fo r
Federal Employees by Industry and State (U.S.
Department of Labor, 1970).

Developing current and projected employment
estimates for matrix industries

Industry projections. The Bureau’s industry projec­
tions were developed under the same broad assumptions
presented earlier in the discussion about occupations.
The beginning point was to translate the assumed labor
force projections into the level of gross national product
(GNP) that would be produced by the labor force at the
assumed level of unemployment. Unemployed persons
were subtracted from the labor force estimate and the
result was multiplied by a projection of output per
worker. The estimates of future output per worker were
based on analysis of trends in productivity growth among
industries and changes in the average weekly hours of

Estimates of industry employment used to develop the
industry-occupation matrix were based on the industry
configuration used to classify data in the 1970 census and
in the Current Population Survey. These data include
private wage and salary workers, unpaid family workers,
and government workers—Federal, State, and local. The
CPS and census data include the noninstitutional
population 16 years of age and over, and each person is
counted only once; workers with two jobs are counted in
their primary occupation and in the industry where their
primary job is located.
The CPS statistics, however, are based on a national
survey of a sample of households. The industrial distribu­



3A description of the CPS household survey and the establishment
survey appears in the Explanatory Notes section of Employment and
Earnings, published monthly by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

4

work. Next, the projection of GNP was divided among its
major components: Consumer expenditures, business
investment, government expenditures—Federal, State,
and local—and net exports. Each of these components
was broken down by producing industry. Thus con­
sumer expenditures, for example, were divided among
industries producing goods and services such as housing,
food, automobiles, medical care, and education.4
Once developed for these products and services,
estimates were translated into detailed projections of
industry output, not only for the industries producing the
final product, but also for the intermediate industries
which provide the raw materials, electric power,
transportation, services, and other inputs required in the
production process. To facilitate this translation, the
Department of Commerce has developed input-output
tables which indicate the amount of output of each
industry—steel, glass, plastics, etc.—that is required to
produce a final product, automobiles, for example.
Using estimates of future output per hour based on
studies of productivity and technological trends for each
industry, industry employment projections were derived
from the output estimates.5
The {flrojections then were compared with employment
projections developed using regression analysis. This




analysis developed equations that relate employment by
industry to combinations of economic variables, such as
population and income, that are considered determinants
of long-run changes in employment. By analyzing
projections from input-output procedures and regression
analysis, Bureau analysts identified areas where one
method produced projections that were inconsistent with
past trends or with the Bureau’s economic model, and the
projections were adjusted accordingly. The regression
method also was used in developing projections in greater
industry detail than comes from the input-output portion
of the BLS Economic Growth model.

4For a complete discussion of the assumptions and methods used to
project real gross national product, see Methodology for Projections o f
Industry Employment to 1990, BLS Bulletin 2036 (Bureau of Labor
Statistics, 1980).
5In developing matrix industry estimates, data on wage and salary
workers only were derived from this procedure. Separate estimates were
obtained for the other classes of workers in each industry (selfemployed persons, unpaid family workers, and government workers)
from time series developed from the data sources described previously.
Summing the wage and salary estimates with the other classes of
workers yielded total employment estimates in each industry.

5

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Total
all
industries
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Agricultre,
forestry.
fisheries
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Agriculture

1990

100. 00 100.00 100.00

197^1 - 1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

13.88

15.09

14.78

2.13

3.24

4.20

W^8

1.40
.08
.06
.21
.36
.20
.24
.02
.02
.05
.17

1.23
. 06
.06
. 16
.32
.20
.21
.02
.02
.04
. 15

1.24
.06
.06
.17
.32
.20
.20
.02
.02
.03
.16

.06
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.09
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02

. 12
.00
.00
.07
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.04
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.26
.02
.01
.04
.14
.03
.03

.30
.02
.01
. 07
.13
. 03
. 03

.31
.02
.01
.07
.13
.04
.02

. 12
.09
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00

.21
.15
.01
.05
.01
.00
.00

.35
.25
.00
.08
.02
.00
.00

.09
.08
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.15
.13
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00

.28
.22
.00
.05
.02
.00
.00

Mathematical specialists
Actuaries
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.04
.01
.01
.03

. 05
.01
.01
.02

.05
.01
.01
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc healtn
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1.04
.05
.10
.34
.20
.03
.02
.08
.24

1 03
.
.05
.09
.31
.21
. 03
.02
.08
. 24

1.09
.05
.10
.35
.22
.03
.02
.08
.25

.16
.09
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.02

.28
. 16
.00
.03
.01
.00
.00
.03
.04

.41
.28
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
.03
.05

.12
.09
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.21
. 17
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02

.34
.28
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.03

Medical workers,exc technicians
Chiropractors
Dentists
Dietitians
Optometrists
Pharmacists

1.77
.02
.12
.04
.02
.15
.37
.0 1
.9 1
.10
.03

2. 03
.02
. 13
.04
.02
. 14
.40
.01
1 06
.
. 17
. 03

2.36
.02
.14
.04
.02
.16
.44
.01
1.28
.20
.04

.55
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.54

.71
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.70

.89
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.89

.57
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.56

.74
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.73

.93
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.93

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Dental hygienists
Health record technologist,tech
Radiologic technologists,teca
Other health technicians

.35
.17
.02
.02
.07
.08

.54
. 23
.04
.02
. 11
. 14

.59
.23
.06
.02
.12
.15

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Air traffic controllers
Flight engineers
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.20
.06
.03
.01
.04
.05

.23
.08
. 03
.01
.05
.06

.25
.09
.03
.01
.05
.07

.09
.07
.00
.00
.01
.01

.13
. 10
.00
.00
.01
.02

.19
. 16
.00
.00
.01
.02

.07
.07
.00
.00
.00
.00

.10
.10
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 16
. 16
. 00
.00
.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.36
.22
. 11
.02

.46
.26
. 17
.03

.50
.28
.19
.03

.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
.00

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists
Urban and regional planners

. 15
.08
-04
.01

.28
. 13
. 12
.02

.32
.15
.13
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

Physicians

and

osteopaths

Podiatrists
Registered nurses
Therapists
Veterinarians




6

2.75

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Agricultre,
forestry,
fisheries

Total
all
industries

Agriculture

1970

197 8

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Teachers
Adult education
College and university
Elementary school
Preschool and kindergarten
Secondary school
Other teachers

4.11
.07
.55
1.63
.22
1.40
.25

3.91
.09
.62
1.44
.25
1.27
.25

3.13
.08
.44
1.39
.25
.77
.21

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Actors
Athletes and kindred workers
Authors
Dancers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Badio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain

1.05
.01
.07
.03
.01
.15
.19
. 13
.13
.09
.10
.03
.09

1.32
.01
.11
.05
.01
. 18
.20
. 16
.21
. 10
. 14
.03
. 13

1.28
.02
.10
.04
.01
.16
.21
.18
.18
.09
.14
.03
-11

-35
.00
.28
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.06

.53
.00
.42
.00
.00
.01
.01
. 00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.09

.65
.00
.45
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.16

.35
.00
.28
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.06

.54
.00
.43
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.10

.66
.00
.48
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
. 00
. 17

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Archivists and curators
Clergy
fieligious workers,except clergy
Farm management advisors
Foresters and conservationists
Judges
Lawyers
Librarians’
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
fiecreation workers
Social workers
Vocation,education counselors

3.15
.94
.08
.01
.31
.06
.01
.06
.02
.38
.15
.10
.38
.15
.08
.31
.14

3.73
1.07
.08
.01
.28
.06
.01
.06
.02
. 52
. 16
.13
.45
. 13
. 14
.42
. 19

3.67
1.11
.10
.01
.24
.07
.01
.06
.02
.53
.14
.12
.42
.12
.14
.42
.17

.79
.04
.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.64
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00
.00

1.26
.09
. 09
.00
.00
.00
.01
1.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.01
.01
.00
.00

1.57
.14
.08
.00
.00
.00
.07
1.23
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.01
.00
.00
.00

.14
.03
.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.21
.07
.09
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.31
. 11
.08
.00
. 00
.00
.07
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

9.52

10.71

10.70

.60

.99

1.33

.47

.72

.93

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.73
.5 1
.09
.03
.20
.22
.35
.34

1 76
.
.58
. 05
. 03
. 19
.20
. 37
.35

2.08
.73
.05
.02
.18
.23
.47
.39

.04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02

.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
. 00
.03

.10
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.06
.00
.04

.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.01

.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.03

.09
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05
.00
.04

Administrators,public inspectors
Assess,control,local pub admin
Construction inspector,public
Health administrators
Inspectors,exc construct,public
Officials,administrators,publie
Postmasters,mail supervisors
School administrators, college
School admin,elem, secondary

.96
.04
.03
.13
.11
.33
.05
.05
.22

1.08
. 04
.02
.20
. 10
. 33
.03
. 06
.29

1.06
.04
.03
.25
.11
-30
.04
.05
.25

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Other managers,officials,proprts
Funeral directors
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Officials of lodges,unions
fiailroad conductors
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

6.83
.05
.13
.37
.04
.08
.05
.59
5.53

7. 88
.04
. 17
.40
.04
.09
.04
.65
6. 46

7.57
.04
.19
.46
.03
.07
.03
.59
6.16

.56
.00
.00
.04
.05
.00
.00
.01
.46

.91
.00
.00
.07
.09
.00
.00
.00
.75

1.23
.00
.00
.08
. 17
.00
.00
.00
.99

.44
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
.01
.40

.65
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.59

.84
.00
.00
.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.77

Managers,officials,proprietors




7

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Total
all
industries

Agricultre,
forestry,
fisheries

Agriculture

1970

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Bank tellers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical assistant,soc welfare
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail carriers, post office
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Meter readers,utilities
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Postal clerks
Proofreaders
Real estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Teachers aides, exc monitors
Telegraph operators
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Neighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




1990

1970

1978

1990

1
970

1978

1990

6.38
.08
.07
.27
.52
.09
.40
.13
4.80

6.31
. 10
.06
.22
.60
.08
- 59
. 12
4. 53

6.67
.12
.06
.18
.60
.08
.59
.11
4.93

.17
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.17

.38
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.38

.58
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.57

.16
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.16

.38
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.38

.59
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.59

17.47

17.91

19.05

1.00

1.66

1.77

.88

1.48

1.56

4.94
.13
.10
3.31
.16
1.24

5. 01
. 17
. 09
3.54
. 10
1. 11

5.79
.20
.16
4.28
.06
1.09

.33
.00
.00
.26
.01
.06

.63
.00
.00
.52
.01
. 10

.70
.00
.00
.59
.01
. 10

.27
.00
.00
.23
.01
.03

.54
.00
.00
.49
.01
.04

.57
.00
.00
.53
.00
.04

.80
.09
.04
.19
.02
.38
.01
.07

. 88
.05
.03
. 42
.02
. 29
.00
.07

.76
.06
.03
.41
.02
.18
.00
.06

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.03
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

11.72
.37
.16
1.96
1.23
.00
.24
.08
.39
.08
.08
.42
.25
.34
.13
.15
.34
.17
.07
.05
.22
.40
.03
.03
.54
.56
.37
.b 3
.24
.02
.49
.12
.06
1.48

12. 03
.48
. 17
1.94
1. 49
.04
.27
. 08
. 40
.09
. 07
.50
.24
.29
. 18
. 18
.26
. 16
.07
. 04
.24
. 28
.03
. 04
.62
. 49
.40
. 54
.36
.01
.33
. 11
. 05
1.58

12.49
.45
.23
1.79
1.84
.04
.28
.08
.43
.09
.06
.48
.26
.29
.21
.17
.23
.16
.06
.04
.22
.18
.04
.04
.66
.50
.42
.53
.46
.01
.25
.10
.05
1.86

.64
.00
.00
.32
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.14
.01
.02
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.05

.99
.00
.01
.51
.02
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
. 16
.02
.03
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.08

1.04
.00
.01
.55
.02
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.18
.01
.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.08

.59
.00
.00
.31
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.14
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.04

.93
.00
.01
.50
.02
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
.16
.02
.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.07

.97
.00
.01
.52
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00
. 00
.00
.18
.01
.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.06

13.28

13. 13

13.04

^
0
0
0
t

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Hucksters and peddlers
Insurance agents and brokers
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Real estate agents, brokers
Stock and bond sales agents
Other sales workers

1978

1.65

1.89

.75

1.53

1.75

8

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Agriculture

Agricultre,
forestry,
fisheries

Total
all
industries
197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

3.9 4
1.26
.22
.13
.08
.60
.36
.03
.5 1
.01
.04
.47
.08
.10
.04

3. 98
1 33
.
.22
. 13
.09
. 63
.32
. 02
.51
.02
.03
. 45
. 12
. 08
.04

3.93
1.22
.19
.17
.10
.65
.36
.02
.48
.02
.03
.45
. 12
.09
.04

.37
.14
.01
.10
.00
.01
.06
.00
.03
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.62
.24
.02
.14
.00
.04
.08
.00
.04
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00

.76
.27
.02
.21
.00
.05
.09
.00
.05
.00
.00
.07
.00
.00
.00

.33
.13
.01
.10
.00
.01
.05
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.57
.22
.02
.13
.00
.04
.07
.00
.04
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00

.73
.23
.02
.22
. 00
.05
.08
.00
.05
. 00
.00
.08
.00
.00
. 00

Blue collar worker supervisors

1.75

1 77
.

1.69

.22

.43

.37

.20

.41

.33

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and moldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.45
.01
.04
.03
.02
.13
.55
.10
.07
.05
.03
.19
.23

1.27
.01
.04
. 02
.02
.10
.51
. 10
. 06
.04
. 02
. 16
. 18

1.28
.01
.05
.02
.02
.11
.51
.10
.05
.04
.02
.17
.18

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.37
.17
. 15
.20
1.07
.05
.06
.87
.15
.02
.08
.17
.07
.29

3.53
.22
. 14
.20
1.09
. 07
.07
1.01
. 15
. 02
.07
. 14
. 05
.31

3.79
.22
.13
.21
1.11
.11
.07
1.23
.16
.01
.09
.15
.04
.28

.18
.00
.01
.00
.05
.00
.03
.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

. 37
.00
.01
.00
.06
.00
.06
.23
.00
. 00
.00
. 00
.00
.02

.56
.00
.01
.00
.06
.00
.08
.39
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.16
.00
.01
.00
.04
.00
.03
.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.35
.00
.01
.00
-05
.00
.06
.21
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.53
.00
.01
.00
.06
.00
.08
.37
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.50
.04
.22
.02
.04
.18

.45
.03
. 19
.01
. 04
. 18

.38
.03
.14
.01
.05
.16

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* nelpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.64
.13
.05
.02
.02
.36
.07

. 59
. 13
.05
.01
. 02
.32
.06

.50
.11
.05
.00
.02
.27
.05

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00




9

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Total
all
industries

Agricultre,
forestry,
fisheries

Agriculture

197 0

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, log and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Motion picture projectionists
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shipfitters
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Meat wrappers, retail trade
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.64
.16
.10
.06
.22
.09
.04
.03
.03
.02
. 16
.05
.01
.02
.03
.01
.04
.03
.23
.09
.09
.12

1.53
. 14
.09
.07
. 17
. 13
. 05
. 03
.04
. 02
. 16
. 05
.01
.01
.05
. 01
. 02
. 03
.19
. 07
. 06
. 11

1.47
.11
.08
.08
.19
.15
.06
.02
.04
.02
.14
.06
.01
.01
.05
.01
.02
.02
.16
.06
.06
.09

.07
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.02

.22
.00
.00
.00
. 04
. 10
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.03

.18
.00
.00
.00
.08
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.03

.05
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.19
.00
.00
.00
.03
.11
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.02

. 16
.00
.00
.00
.06
.02
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.03

16-88

15.28

14.58

.91

1.71

2. 12

.82

1.59

1.93

13.05

11.52

10.97

.45

.95

1.17

.38

.84

1.02

1.69
.10
.10
. 18
.01
.20
.05
. 10
.23
.05
.68

1. 48
.07
. 08
. 14
. 01
. 13
. 04
. 07
. 18
.04
. 72

1 .47
.05
.08
.11
.01
.12
.04
.08
.17
.02
.80

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.09
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.09

. 11
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.11

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.09
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.08

. 11
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
. 10

.56
.02
.04
.19
.06

.41
.01
. 03
. 14
.04
. 18

.31
.01
.02
.12
.03
.14

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
-00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00

1.64
.78
.05
.06
. 72
.03

1.66
.80
.05
.06
.73
.03

.14
.00
.00
.00
.11
.03

. 34
.00
.00
. 00
.29
.05

.41
.00
.00
.00
.35
.06

.14
.00
.00
.00
.10
.03

-33
.00
.00
.00
.29
.05

. 39
.00
.00
.00
.33
.06

.24

1.85
.88
.06
.06
.83
.03

10

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Total
all
industries

Agricultre,
forestry,
fisheries

Agriculture

1970

19 78

1 990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Meat cutters and butchers
Mine operatives,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

8.95
.03
1.20
.08
.01
.25
.30
.14
.07
.06
.04
. 16
.64
.24
.26
.11
.2 1
.10
.07
.23
.09
.04
.05
.15
1.18
.09
.12
.09
1.66
1.28

8.00
.05
1.23
.06
. 02
. 14
. 28
. 15
.08
.11
.03
. 13
. 44
. 18
. 22
.09
.22
.09
.06
. 19
. 10
.03
.03
. 14
. 87
.05
. 08
.08
1. 56
1.27

7.53
.06
1.46
.06
.01
.11
.28
.10
.07
.11
.03
.11
.32
.22
.16
.09
.22
.08
.04
.19
.10
.03
.02
. 14
.93
-03
.06
.09
1.34
1.07

.29
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.11
.12

.52
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
. 00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.01
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
-05
.00
.00
.01
.00
.20
.20

.65
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.08
.00
.00
.03
.00
.23
.24

.23
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.11
.08

.43
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00
.20
.13

.52
.00
.01
.00
. 00
.00
.01
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
. 00
. 00
.
.00
.00
.07
.00
.00
.01
.00
. 23
.13

Transport eguipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Conductors,operators,urban rail
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Hail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

3.83
.01
.29
.01
.73
.36
.01
.04
.06
.07
.19
2.07

3.75
.01
.36
.01
.61
.39
.01
.05
.05
.05
. 19
2. 04

3.61
.01
.30
.01
.57
.40
.01
-04
.05
.04
.14
2.05

.46
.01
.00
.00
.06
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.37

.76
.01
.00
.00
. 19
. 03
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.53

.94
.02
.00
.00
.21
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.68

.43
.00
.00
.00
.06
.02
-00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.35

.75
.00
.00
.00
.19
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.52

.91
.00
.00
.00
.21
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.66

13.31

13.60

14.63

.25

.32

.33

.22

.28

.28

Cleaning service workers
Lodging gtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

2.53
.27
.78
1.48

2.58
.20
.91
1.47

2.66
.26
1.07
1.34

.14
.01
.05
.09

.17
.01
.06
. 10

.14
.01
.05
.08

.13
.01
.04
.07

.16
-01
.06
.08

.13
.01
.05
.07

Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

3.92
.24
.14
1.05
.26
.36
1.39
.50

4. 50
.30
.23
1.26
. 25
.49
1.47
.51

4.96
.32
.31
1.37
.35
.57
1.43
.6 1

.05
.00
.00
.04
.00
,00
.01
.00

.08
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.01
.00

.07
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.02
.00

.04
.00
.00
.03
.00
-00
.01
.00

.06
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00
.01
.00

.06
. 00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00

Health service workers
Dental assistants
Health aides, except nursing
Health trainees
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

1.85
.13
.17
.02
1.06
.46

2.09
. 16
.26
.01
1 10
.
.55

2.76
.20
.44
.01
1.38
.74

.01
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

Service workers


343-899 0 - 81


2

11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Total
all
industries

Agricultre,
forestry,
fisheries

Agriculture

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Barbers
Boarding, lodging housekeepers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes
School monitors
Ushers,recreation and amusement
Welfare service aides

1.80
.04
.10
.08
.03
.20
.04
.43
.05
.61
.14
.03
.02
.02

1. 76
.05
. 12
. 08
.03
. 13
.04
.41
.04
.57
. 14
. 04
. 02
. 10

1.87
.07
.15
.09
.03
.12
.05
.48
.02
.55
.16
.04
.01
.10

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
,00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
-02
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
. 00
. 00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives
Sheriffs and bailiffs

1.33
.06
.23
.49
.49
.05

1.44
.05
.23
.58
.50
. 06

1.59
.05
.24
.72
.51
.07

.04
.00
.01
.03
.00
.00

.04
.00
.01
.03
. 00
.00

.09
.00
.02
.08
.00
.00

.03
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00

.03
.00
.00
.03 *
.00
.00

.06
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00

Private household workers
Child care workers
Cooks
Housekeepers
Launderers
Cleaners and servants

1.88
.71
.05
.15
.02
.96

1.23
.52
.02
. 13
.01
.56

.78
.29
.02
.06
.00
.41

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

5.3 1
.09
.15
1.02
.04
.95
.11
.68
.07
.10
.9 1
.22
.19
.75

5. 01
.13
.11
.91
.05
.87
. 11
.72
. 06
.09
.97
. 22
. 17
. 60

4.48
.14
.09
.85
.03
.77
.15
.64
.05
.06
.9 1
.18
.13
.50

6.22
1.10
.01
.04
.92
.05
.00
3.69
.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.38

9.76
1.77
.01
.05
1.42
.07
.00
5.96
.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.44

11.11
2.90
.01
.03
.95
.08
.00
6.69
.00
.01
.01
.02
.01
.39

4.99
1.10
.00
.03
.00
.04
.00
3.75
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.05

8. 13
1.78
.00
.04
.00
.06
.00
6.15
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.06

10.04
2. 92
.00
.03
.00
.07
.00
6.92
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.07

Farmers and farm workers

2.97

2.06

87.87

80.29

76.68

90.35

83.90

Farmers and farm managers
Farmers (owners and tenants)
Farm managers

2.19
2.14
.04

1. 57
1.53
.04

1.13
1.08
.05

48.24
47.32
.93

42.47
41.47
1.00

41.90
40.00
1.91

49.61
48.65
.95

44.38
43.33
1.05

43.81
41.82
1.99

Farm laborers, farm supervisors
Farm labor supervisors
Farm laborers, wage workers
Farm laborers, unpaid family
Farm laborers, self-employed

1.80
.04
1.14
.60
.01

1.40
. 04
1.03
. 32
.01

.94
.03
.70
.19
.02

39.62
.87
25.19
13.31
.25

37.82
1.12
27. 87
8.58
.26

34.78
1.18
25.91
7.02
.68

40.74
.90
25.90
13.69
.26

39.52
1. 17
29.12
8.96
.27

36. 37
1.23
27.09
7.34
.71




12

CD

3.98

CD
O

1970

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

1970

Total all occupations

1978

Horticultrl
services

Services,
except
horticultre

Agriculturl
production
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.22

.52

1.09

21.20

18.79

16.13

2.94

2.48

2.24

Engineers,technical
Civil
Sales
Other engineers

.01
.01
.00
.00

.02
.01
. 00
.01

.04
.02
.00
.02

.04
.01
.01
.02

.02
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.02

.04
.02
.01
.02

.03
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.00
.02

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists

.04
.03
.00
.00

. 09
.07
.01
.01

.18
.13
.04
.02

.70
.49
.18
.02

.55
.40
. 13
.02

.79
.61
.16
.03

.54
.53
.01
.00

.56
.54
.02
.00

.59
.58
.01
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc healta
Drafters
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

.03
.03
.00
.00
.01

. 08
.06
.00
.00
.01

.14
.00
.00
.02

1.46
1.37
.01
.01
.06

1.66
1.57
.01
.01
.07

1.97
1.84
.01
.00
.10

.40
.02
.28
.10
.01

.35
.02
.23
.09
.01

.32
.01
.25
.05
.01

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Veterinarians
Other medical and health tech

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

11.38
.02
.01
. 12
11.22
.00

9.89
.01
.01
.05
9.80
.01

8.84
.01
.01
.04
8.79
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00

.15
.04
.10

. 19
.04
. 15

.15
.02
.13

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except healta

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

1.41
1.38
.01
.01

1.33
1.32
.00
.01

1.57
1.56
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01

-01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.03
.02

.03
.02

.03
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.08
.07
.00
.00
.02

.21
. 17
.00
. 00
. 04

.49
.38
.00
.00
.10

5.51
4.54
.00
.06
.92

4.85
3.92
.00
.04
.90

2.47
1.58
.00
.04
.86

.16
.00
.15
.01
.00

.14
.00
.13
.01
.00

. 12
.00
. 11
.01
.00

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Farm management advisors
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

.04
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

. 10
.06
. 00
.01
. 01
.00
.02
. 00

.22
.00
.08
.01
.00
.02
.00

.50
. 15
.00
.04
.22
.02
.05
.03

.25
. 12
.00
. 02
.06
.01
.03
.01

.29
. 12
.00
.05
.05
.01
.03
.03

1.79
.09
1.63
.00
.01
.00
.06
.00

1.38
. 11
1.22
.00
.01
.00
-04
.00

1.17
. 15
.99
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00

.04

.09

.20

5.74

4.89

4.63

3.39

3.83

3.44

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.01
.00
.01
.01

.03
.00
.02
.01

.04
.00
.03
.02

.30
.03
:i7
.10

.29
.02
. 15
.11

.29
.03
.17
.10

.19
.00
.06
.12

.21
.00
.07
. 13

.24
.00
.12
. 12

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

.03
.00
.01
.01

.06
. 00
.03
.03

.15
.00
.04
.11

5.44
.01
.31
5.12

4.60
.01
.27
4.32

4.34
.01
.23
4. 10

3.21
.02
.20
2.99

3.62
.02
.19
3.41

3.20
.02
.20
2.98

Professional and technical

Managers,officials,proprietors




.11

.11

13

Table 1. percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Agriculturl
production

Services,
except
horticultre

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1.990

Sales workers
Auctioneers
Other sales workers

.08
.00
.08

.31
.00
.31

.55
.00
.55

.68
.09
.59

.45
.06
.39

.35
.06
.29

1.19
.00
1.19

1.11
.00
1.11

1.36
.00
1.36

Clerical workers

.33

. 82

0
0

Horticultrl
services

8.84

7.92

6.37

3.18

2.83

3. 17

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

. 10
.00
.08
.00
-01

.32
. 00
.29
.01
.03

.30
.00
.28
.00
.02

2.32
.04
1.96
.05
.27

2.29
.01
2.06
.01
.20

2. 13
.00
1.99
.00
. 14

1.46
.00
1.34
.02
.10

1.27
.00
1. 17
.02
.09

1.28
.00
1.19
.01
.08

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Keypunch
Other office machine operators

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 01
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.19
.02
.03
.03
.08
.03

. 16
.01
.01
.06
.05
.02

.11
'.00
.00
.07
.01
.02

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00

.22
.00
.16
.01
.00
.00
-00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01

.48
.00
.32
.02
. 00
.02
.00
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.00
. 04
.00
. 02
.01
. 02
.00
.01
-02

.48
.00
.30
.02
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.05
.00
.01
.01
.02
.00
.01
.01

6.33
.03
2.49
.05
.05
.01
.01
.06
.02
.08
.03
.04
.03
2.61
.09
.13
.03
.00
.11
.47

5.48
.03
2.19
.04
.04
.01
.01
.09
.02
.08
.02
.03
.02
2. 11
.05
. 14
.02
.00
. 12
.48

4.13
.03
1.64
.03
.02
.01
.01
.08
.02
.09
.01
.01
.01
1.68
.01
.09
.01
.00
.09
.29

1.69
.02
1.02
.07
.01
.02
.00
.07
.01
.03
.03
.01
.05
.08
.03
.03
.05
.01
.00
.19

1.54
.03
.89
.05
.01
.01
.00
.10
.01
.02
.03
.02
.05
.07
.02
.03
.03
.01
.00
. 19

1.86
.02
1.26
.02
.01
.01
.00
.11
.01
.01
.02
.01
.01
.09
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
. 25

.4b

1.21

1.43

2.21

1.89

1.94

5.19

4.91

4.68

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Tile setters

.22
.13
.01
.04
.00
.01
.02
.02
.01
.00

.45
.24
. 02
. 04
. 00
. 04
. 03
.04
.04
. 00

.55
.26
.02
.04
.00
.06
.04
.05
.07
.00

.78
.20
.00
.31
.00
.03
. 12
.07
.01
.03

.61
. 17
.00
.26
.00
.02
.09
.04
.01
.02

.60
. 14
.00
.31
.00
.02
.09
.02
.01
.02

1.87
.11
.03
1.04
.01
.01
.46
.05
. 17
.00

1.90
.08
.02
1.12
.01
.01
.46
.05
.15
.00

2.61
. 04
.01
1.82
.01
.01
.54
.04
. 16
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

.06

.25

.24

.53

.41

.38

2-66

2.28

1. 19

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.03
.02
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Other mechanics and apprentices

. 11
.00
.00
.03
.02
.05
.00

.29
.00
. 00
. 03
.06
. 19
.00

.47
.00
.00
.03
.09
.35
.00

.75
.02
. 12
.15
.11
.30
.06

.77
.02
.07
. 13
. 12
.38
.05

.87
.02
.06
. 14
. 10
.50
.05

.51
.00
.00
.16
.00
.24
.10

.59
.00
.00
.16
.00
.31
.11

.76
.00
.00
. 19
.00
.44
.12

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.04
.03

.04
.03

.04
.03

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,venicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Bail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




14

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Agriculturl
production

Services,
except
horticultre

Horticultrl
services

*
I
970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.05
.01
.02
.01
.00
.01

.21
. 04
. 12
.01
. 02
.02

.18
.07
.02
.01
.03
.04

.13
.01
.02
.07
.03
.00

.08
.01
.01
.04
.02
.00

.07
.01
.01
.04
.01
.00

.11
.05
.04
.00
.00
.02

.10
.03
.05
.00
.00
.02

.08
.02
. 04
.00
. 00
.02

.46

1.21

1.49

5.94

5.53

4.93

2.38

2.06

2.41

Operatives,except transport

.19

.61

.78

3.49

3.54

2.94

.87

.86

.91

Semiskilled metalworking
Grinding machine operatives
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02

.09
.00
.00
.00
.09

.12
.00
.00
.00
.12

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.08
.00
.02
.01
.05

.07
.00
.02
.01
.04

.07
.00
.02
. 01
.04

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.09
.09
.00

.31
.31
.00

.38
.38
.00

1.16
.52
.64

.98
.34
.64

.80
.20
.60

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.09
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.04

.21
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
. 01
.07
.08

.28
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.06
.01
.08
.07

2.32
.03
.03
.00
.06
.10
.01
.02
.04
.00
1.51
.53

2.55
.03
.03
.00
.03
.11
.01
.01
.03
.00
1.73
.58

2.13
.03
.02
.00
.01
.10
.01
.01
.03
.00
1.39
.53

.79
.02
.14
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.24
.00
.19
.20

.79
.02
.15
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.22
.00
. 19
.21

.85
.02
.12
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.23
.00
. 19
.29

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Hailroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

.27
.06
.01
.00
.00
.20

.60
.21
.02
. 00
. 00
.37

.71
.25
.02
.00
.00
.44

2.45
.26
.12
.03
.04
2.00

2.00
. 17
.15
.02
.03
1.64

1.98
.08
.12
.00
.03
1.76

1.51
.00
.04
.00
.00
1.47

1.20
.00
.04
.00
.00
1. 16

1.50
.00
.04
.00
.00
1.46

.15

.21

.21

1.40

1.14

.83

.31

.31

.28

Cleaning service workers
Lodging qtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.08
.01
.03
.04

. 10
.01
. 05
.03

.06
.01
.04
.02

.83
.00
.21
.62

.74
. 00
.22
.53

.55
.00
. 15
.39

.29
.00
.06
.23

.29
.00
.06
.23

.25
.00
.05
.21

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.04
.03
.00
.01
.00

.07
.06
. 00
.01
. 00

.06
.05
.00
.02
.00

.14
.08
.01
.03
.02

.08
.04
.01
. 02
.02

.05
.02
.01
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.22
.12
.07
.04

. 18
. 14
.03
.01

. 12
.10
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Personal service workers
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.03
.00
.03

.02
.02
.00

.01
. 01
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00

Protective service workers
Guards

.02
.02

.02
.02

.06
.06

.20
.19

. 12
.11

.11
.11

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives

Service workers




15

Table 1..Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Agriculturl
production

Services,
except
horticultre

Horticultrl
services

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

26.14
22.29
.02
.10
.55
1.99
.00
.06
.01
.09
.05
.99

27.84
24.57
.01
.07
.54
1.57
.00
.05
.01
.11
.03
.88

30.33
28.19
.01
.02
.40
.90
.00
.04
.01
. 10
.01
.67

81.42
.00
.02
.59
.31
80.29
.12
.04
.01
.04
.01
.00

82.48
.00
.02
.50
.31
81.44
.11
.04
.01
.04
.01
.00

82.43
.00
.01
.35
.31
81.58
.11
.02
.01
.04
.01
.00

98.28

95.64

94.25

27.85

31.56

34.49

.00

.00

. 00

Farmers and farm managers
Farmers (owners and tenants)
Farm managers

54.69
53.67
1.02

51. 81
50.63
1. 18

53.58
51.22
2.36

1.87
1.31
.55

2.35
1.73
.62

2.52
1.83
.70

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00

Farm laborers, farm supervisors
Farm labor supervisors
Farm laborers, wage workers
Farm laborers, unpaid family
Farm laborers, self-employed

43.59
.92
27.41
15.06
.20

43.83
1.23
32.13
10.47
.01

40.67
1.27
30.01
9.00
.39

25.99
1.32
22. 10
1.00
1.56

29.20
1.60
23.48
.46
3.66

31.97
1.94
26.05
.25
3.72

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers
Farmers and farm workers




16

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Fisheries

Forestry

197 0

Total all occupations

1978

199 0

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Mining

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

197 0

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

50.06

55. 08

59.66

3.56

3.88

9.34

10.61

12. 1 1

12.21

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

2.61
.00
2.07
.07
.13
.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.27

2. 58
. 00
2.04
.07
. 14
. 10
.00
. 00
.00
. 00
. 24

2.84
.00
2.35
.05
.17
.17
.00
.00
.00
.00
.10

.40
.00
.00
.00
.00
.40
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.47
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.47
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.90
.00
.00
.00
.00
.90
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

3.03
.17
.19
.16
.16
.23
.04
.53
1.39
.07
.09

3.15
.18
. 16
. 17
. 18
.25
.03
.48
1.55
.07
.09

3.55
. 13
. 18
.12
. 17
.25
.04
.67
1.86
.07
. 07

Life and physical scientists
Agric ultural
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

1.28
.64
.08
.46
.06
.00
.00
.00
.03

2.07
.91
.21
. 85
.07
.00
. 00
. 00
. 04

1.81
.93
.19
.62
.05
.00
.00
.00
.02

.68
.28
.00
.39
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.95
.42
. 00
.51
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

1.84
.92
.00
.92
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

2.65
.00
.00
.00
.42
2.20
.00
.02
.00

2-64
.00
.00
.00
.43
2.17
.01
.03
.00

3. 04
.00
.00
.01
.41
2.58
.02
. 03
.00

.0 1
.10

. 11
.01
. 10

.05
.00
.05

.03
.00
.03

.02
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00

.03
.01
.02

.04
.02
.02

.02
.01
.01

2.43
.12
.00
.53
.16
.00
.01
.95
.67

2. 94
. 14
.00
.58
.21
.00
. 01
1.18
. 82

2.83
.00
.65
.14
.00
.01
1.28
.64

-29
.13
.03
.04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.10

.37
. 11
. 05
.04
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.17

.72
.18
.02
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.46

1.91
.01
.31
.54
.11
.02
.00
.25
.68

2. 16
.01
. 36
.54
.15
.02
.00
.25
.83

2. 23
.01
.36
.56
. 14
.01
.00
.22
.93

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.02
.02
.00

.02
. 02
.00

.03
.03
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.03
.01
.02

.02
.01
.02

.03
.00
.02

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.02
.02

.03
.03

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except healtn

1.18
.13
.48
.57

1.62
. 18
.52
. 92

1.36
.21
.23
.92

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.25
.09
.04
.12

.43
.22
.05
. 17

.56
. 37
.02
. 17

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.19
.17
.02
.00

.26
.23
.04
. 00

.18
.15
.04
.00

.03
.03
.00
.00

.03
.03
. 00
.00

.04
.04
.00
.00

.43
.28
.14
.02

.63
.36
.23
.03

. 60
. 34
.25
.02

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists
Sociologists

.14
.13
.01
.0 1

.25
.22
. 02
.02

.17
.17
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.07
.06
.00
.00

.13
.12
.00
.00

. 11
. 11
.00
. 00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists

.36
.09
. 14
.00
. 13

.51
.11
.23
.00
. 17

.62
.04
.41
.00
.17

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.11
.02
.00
.01
.08

.14
.02
.00
.01
. 11

. 10
.02
.00
. 00
.08

Professional and technical

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians
Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tecu




.11

.11

17

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Forestry

Fisheries

Mining

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Farm management advisors
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers
Vocation,education counselors

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

9 1.73
.59
.23
.04
39.57
.02
.04
.02
.55
.45
. 17
.05

44.69
.77
.20
.05
42. 11
. 03
.04
. 03
.72
.38
.31
. 06

49.76
.75
.09
.07
48.05
.00
.00
.01
.50
.11
.16
.01

2. 13
.14
.00
.00
1.87
.00
.00
.00
.03
. 10
.00
.00

2.05
.22
.00
.00
1.74
.00
.00
.00
.02
.06
.00
.00

5.84
.86
.00
.00
4.94
.00
.00
.00
.01
.03
.00
.00

2.12
1.49
.00
.00
.01
.21
.01
.07
.25
.09
.00
.00

2.78
1.90
.00
.00
.01
.41
.01
.10
.28
.07
.00
.00

1.98
1.47
.00
.00
.03
.22
.00
.07
. 16
.04
. 00
.00

4.11

5.93

6.09

6.69

8.32

14.87

6.76

7.80

6.57

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.59
.09
.00
.4 1
.09

.60
.08
.00
.39
. 13

.48
.02
.00
.26
.19

.12
.00
.00
.11
.01

.11
.00
.00
.09
.01

.21
.00
.00
. 19
.02

1.04
.09
.04
.72
.19

1.07
.09
.02
.73
.23

.98
.05
.02
.67
.23

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

3.53
.03
.28
.02
.02
3.18

5.33
.03
.33
. 02
. 02
4. 95

5.62
.03
.30
.02
.00
5.26

6.56
.00
.07
4.01
.00
2.48

8.22
.00
.07
4.47
.00
3.68

14.66
.00
.18
8.05
.00
6.43

5.72
.01
.36
.12
.00
5.22

6.73
.02
.43
.12
.00
6.16

5.60
.03
.47
.11
. 00
4.99

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.37
.00
.37

. 43
.00
.43

.42
.00
.42

.59
.00
.59

.51
.00
.51

.00
.00
.00

.47
.00
.47

.41
.01
.40

. 19
. 03
. 16

8.30

8. 88

8.89

1.56

1.76

3.40

o
o
O
'

Managers,officials,proprietors

1978

9.76

8. 17

4.37
.00
1.70
.41
2.27

4. 60
.00
1 86
.
.29
2. 45

5.14
.00
2.55
.25
2.35

.65
.00
.48
.02
.15

.78
.00
.55
.01
.22

1.69
.00
1.13
.01
.55

3.30
.08
2.64
.15
.44

3.49
.08
2.90
.09
.42

3.05
.09
2.58
.02
.36

.38
.02
.01
.05
.02
.23
.05

.43
.01
.01
. 12
. 02
.21
. 06

.30
.01
.01
.09
.01
.14
.04

.03
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.04
.01
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00

.07
.01
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00

.66
.04
.03
.26
.02
.27
.04

.95
.02
.02
.61
.02
.24
.04

.54
.01
.01
. 35
.02
.12
.02

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Other office machine operators




18

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Forestry

Fisheries

Mining

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.55
.03
.86
.09
.27
.00
.00
.06
.22
.05
.25
.04
.00
.01
.12
.25
.06
.26
.26
.05
.24
.43

3. 86
.04
.96
. 11
. 38
. 00
.00
. 06
.26
. 04
.23
. 04
.00
.01
. 17
.26
.06
. 28
.20
. 02
. 26
. 49

3.45
.0 3
1.23
.27
.33
.00
.00
.06
,11
.02
.11
.01
.00
.01
.17
.12
.07
.16
.09
.00
.15
.51

.88
.00
-37
.03
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.03
.10
.07
.05
.00
.06
.13

.93
.00
.44
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
. 00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.04
.03
.06
.06
.03
.00
.06
. 17

1.65
.00
.96
.02
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.06
.06
.02
.00
.01
.00
. 11
.36

5.04
.10
1.50
.04
.12
.01
.05
.22
.25
.22
.14
.01
.09
.02
.24
.17
.12
.27
.49
.13
.29
.56

5.31
. 11
1.54
.06
.15
.01
.05
.24
,32
.25
.14
.01
.10
.03
.28
.17
.11
.34
.43
.10
.26
.62

4.59
. 12
1.28
.08
. 13
.00
.04
. 22
.21
.22
. 13
.00
.07
.02
.25
. 11
.12
.27
.41
.09
.24
.56

6.30

5.98

5.54

2.35

2.45

4.07

24.29

24. 83

26.69

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefi tiers,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

2.38
.61
.00
.60
.00
.04
.98
.00
.12
.04
.00

2.21
. 82
.00
. 38
.00
. 03
.83
.00
.10
. 04
.00

1.86
1.12
.00
.18
.00
.02
.44
.00
.02
.08
.00

1.01
.50
.00
.17
.01
.02
.09
.00
.20
.01
.00

1-01
.62
.00
. 12
.01
.02
.06
.00
. 17
.01
.00

1.30
1.13
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00
. 12
.02
.00

7.46
1.34
.10
1.30
.01
1.62
2.54
.01
.17
.36
.02

7.08
1.43
.08
1-26
.01
1.69
2.07
.01
.15
.37
.01

8.69
1.61
.05
2. 15
.02
1.98
2.30
.01
. 11
.44
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

1.10

1. 13

1.3 2

.40

.50

1.10

5.63

6.32

6. 24

. 09
.00
.00
.00
.09
.00
.00
.00

.25
.00
.00
.00
.25
.00
.00
.00

.95
.05
.08
.01
.62
.14
.02
.02

1.03
.03
.07
.01
. 73
.14
-02
.02

1.56
.00
. 07
.02
1.20
.21
.03
. 02

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge-and hammer operators
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.05
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00
.02
.00

.05
. 00
.00
.00
.05
.00
.01
.00

.06
.00
.00
.00
.06
.00
.01
.00

.07
.00
.00
.00
.07
.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.48
.00
.02
.00
.61
.00
.53
.21
.00
.11

1.36
.00
.03
.00
.47
.00
.62
. 17
.00
. 07

1.09
.00
.05
.00
.14
.00
.74
.15
.00
.01

.47
.02
.00
.03
.07
.00
.21
.00
.00
. 14

.51
.03
.00
. 03
.05
.00
.31
.00
.00
. 10

1.07
.06
.00
.04
.06
.00
.88
.00
.00
.04

5.49
.05
.02
.01
.81
.01
4.06
.03
.05
.46

6.20
.07
.03
.01
.68
.01
4.84
.03
.05
.48

7.31
.06
.05
.01
.53
.01
6. 19
.03
.07
.36

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.01
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
.00

.00
,00
.00

.00
.00
.00

. 00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.04
.02
.02

.05
.03
.02

.04
. 03
.02

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.16
.00
.00
.00
.16

.09
.00
. 00
.00
.09

.00
.00
.00
,00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.16
.03
.10
.02
.00

.17
.02
.10
.03
.01

. 15
.00
.09
. 04
.01




19

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Forestry

Fisheries

Mining

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.13
- 14
-34
.31
.01
.06
.00
.27

1. 14
. 17
.39
.36
.01
.04
. 00
. 17

1.21
.46
.38
.33
.01
.01
.00
.03

.40
.09
.00
.03
.00
. 10
.00
.18

.35
.09
.00
.03
.00
.07
.00
. 16

.35
.21
.00
.03
.00
.04
.00
.07

4.56
1.03
.00
.49
.00
2.88
.09
.06

3.98
.80
.00
.61
.00
2.45
.06
.06

2.70
.97
.00
.65
.00
1.01
.02
.06

3.28

2. 75

2.52

5.25

6.29

10.59

42.25

39.22

41.29

1.95

1.91

2.13

4.02

4. 85

7.35

35.03

32.23

32.55

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Welders and flamecutters

.19
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.17

.20
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 01
.01
. 19

.21
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.19

.14
.00
.00
.00
.03
.01
.10

.17
. 00
.00
. 00
.02
.01
. 15

.41
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.39

2.04
.01
.03
.13
.04
.01
1.81

2.05
.00
.03
.11
.03
.01
1.87

2. 17
.00
. 02
. 07
.02
.00
2.06

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.13
.13
.00

. 13
. 13
.00

.12
.12
.00

.70
.69
.01

.83
.82
.01

1.44
1.44
.00

.06
.06
.00

.04
.04
.00

. 02
.02
.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mine operatives,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Photographic process workers
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

1.64
.01
.00
.00
.00
.10
.00
.00
.03
.00
.02
.01
.02
.00
.29
.32
.25
.59

1 58
.
. 02
. 00
.00
.00
. 08
.00
. 00
. 02
. 00
.02
.01
.03
. 00
.33
. 26
.23
.59

1.80
.02
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.01
.03
.00
.64
.59
.16
.32

3.18
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.04
.00
.13
.00
.03
.15
2.79

3. 85
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.03
.00
.08
.00
.02
-19
3.47

5.49
.00
.00
.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.08
.35
4.98

32.92
.05
.59
.00
.07
.73
4.16
.03
.05
26.02
.05
.81
.01
.07
.08
.16
.01
.01

30.14
.08
.58
.00
.08
.80
4.34
.02
.03
23.07
.06
.80
.01
.07
.08
.10
.01
.01

30.36
. 13
.58
.00
.12
.97
4.01
.01
.02
23.32
.06
.83
.00
. 09
. 08
. 12
.00
.01

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Hail vehicle operators, other
Hailroad brake operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

1.32
.00
.0 1
.05
.06
.00
.00
.01
1.19

. 84
.00
.02
. 06
. 05
. 00
.00
- 01
.71

.39
.00
.01
.12
.09
.00
.00
.01
.17

1.23
.56
.00
. 13
.04
.00
.00
.00
.50

1.44
.64
.00
.15
.05
.00
. 00
.00
.61

3.24
.96
.00
.34
.09
.00
.00
.00
1.86

7.23
.05
.00
.23
.30
1.11
.01
.02
5.50

7.00
.06
.00
.21
.33
1.03
.01
.03
5.33

8.74
.04
. 00
.22
. 39
. 85
. 02
.02
7.22

1.68

1. 37

.97

1. 16

1.09

2.08

1.46

1.30

.96

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.92
.12
.80

.74
. 08
.65

.22
.02
.20

.38
.10
.28

.32
.09
. 24

.39
.10
.29

.92
.11
.81

.82
.11
.72

. 54
.06
.48

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.19
.01
. 16
.01
.00
.01
.00

. 15
.02
- 13
.00
.00
.01
.00

.08
.02
.04
.01
.00
.01
.00

.58
.00
.53
.00
.00
.05
.00

.55
.00
.51
.00
.00
.04
.00

.88
.00
.78
.00
.00
.09
.00

.15
.00
.10
.00
.01
.01
.02

.14
.00
.09
.00
.02
.01
.02

. 14
.00
.06
.01
.04
.01
.02

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

Service workers




20

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Mining

Fisheries

Forestry

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
Elevator operators

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.03
.02

.03
.03

.09
.09

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.57
.39
.15
.03

. 98
.35
. 10
• 09

.67
.63
.01
.03

.20
.00
.17
.09

.22
. 00
.20
.02

.82
.00
.82
.00

.36
.01
.35
.01

.30
.01
.28
.01

.22
.02
.20
.00

25.91
.02
.13
.51
.00
.20
2.73
.00
.32
.00
.00
.01
.18
21.80

19. 58
.03
. 15
. 38
. 00
. 16
2.69
. 00
.26
.00
.00
. 01
.21
15.70

15.91
.02
.20
.09
.00
.20
.2.08
.00
.19
.00
.00
.01
.18
13.00

78.85
2.29
.10
.13
7 9.25
.36
.59
.09
.01
.19
.00
.12
.09
.79

75.69
2.93
. 09
.09
70.26
.90
. 79
.03
.01
. 18
.00
. 11
.05
.79

55.65
5.36
.18
.09
96.99
.58
1.33
.01
.02
.19
.00
.07
.17
1.30

5.16
.01
.08
.85
.00
2.87
.07
.00
.01
.09
.01
.13
.16
.99

9.57
.01
.07
.71
.00
2.63
.07
.01
.01
.09
.01
.11
.17
.79

3.93
.01
.09
.90
.00
2.93
.06
.02
. 00
.03
. 02
.05
.25
.56

laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




21

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970
Metal
mining
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978 and projected 1990
Coal
mining

1978

1990

100-00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Crude
petroleum,
natural gas
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

8.84

9.43

9.70

2.02

2.28

2.66

18.37

19.38

21.22

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

2.55
.07
.14
.1 1
-21
.16
.16
1.6 1
.03
.01
.06

2. 61
.07
. 11
. 11
.24
. 15
. 18
1.67
.02
.01
.06

3.15
.06
.13
.11
.22
.13
.16
2.25
.02
.01
.07

.87
.02
.08
.07
.07
.06
.00
.57
.00
.00
.02

.92
.02
. 07
.06
.09
.06
.00
.60
.00
.00
.02

1.18
.03
. 10
.04
. 12
.05
.00
.83
.00
.00
.02

5.08
.31
.29
.26
.21
.38
.02
.18
3.16
.14
.15

4.85
.28
.23
.25
.23
.39
.03
.17
3.02
. 12
. 13

5. 81
.22
.26
.20
.20
.44
.04
.20
4. 01
. 13
. 12

Life and physical scientists
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers

2.49
.00
1.11
1.38
.00
.00

2. 40
.00
1. 13
1. 27
.00
. 00

2.44
.00
.95
1.49
.00
.00

.19
.00
.15
.04
.00
.00

.20
.00
. 16
.04
.00
.00

.22
.00
. 16
.06
.00
.00

4.86
.00
.40
4.41
.01
.04

4.42
.01
.45
3.89
.02
.05

5.69
.02
.49
5. 09
.04
.06

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
-01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.06
.03
.04

.07
.03
.03

.05
.03
.02

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1-57
-02
. 14
.41
.06
.03
.27
.65

1.72
. 02
. 14
.37
. 08
. 04
.28
.79

2.00
.03
.08
.41
.10
.03
.30
1.05

.44
.00
.00
.10
.01
.00
.22
.12

.49
.00
.00
.09
.01
. 00
.24
.15

.60
.00
.00
.11
.01
.00
.27
.20

3.15
.01
.58
.98
.22
.00
.32
1.04

3.31
.01
.62
.90
.26
.00
.29
1.22

3.67
.01
.72
1. 00
.26
.00
.20
1.48

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.10
.04
.06

.09
.04
.05

.04
.03
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
. 00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.04
.00
.04

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.01
.01

.02
. 02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

. 15
.02
.0 1
.00
.11

.21
. 03
. 02
. 00
. 17

.23
.02
.01
.00
.21

.05
.02
.00
.00
.03

.07
.03
.00
.00
.04

.07
.02
.00
.00
.05

.42
.18
.07
.01
.17

.71
.39
.09
.01
.23

1.04
.76
.03
.01
.23

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.23
. 14
.08
.01

.30
. 17
. 13
.01

.26
.14
.11
.01

.03
.02
.01
.00

.04
.03
.02
. 00

.05
.03
.02
.00

.84
.54
.26
.04

1.10
.63
.41
.06

1. 18
.66
.49
.03

Social scientists
Economists

.02
.02

. 03
.03

.03
.03

.01
.01

.02
. 02

-02
.02

.14
.13

.23
.22

.21
.21

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Photographers
Public relations specialists

.06
.00
.00
.06

. 08
.00
.00
. 08

.08
.00
.00
.08

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.19
.03
.02
.13

.23
.04
.02
.17

.19
.04
.01
. 15

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians




22

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Crude
petroleum,
natural gas

Coal
mining

Metal
mining
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1-67
1.05
.00
.11
.00
.07
.31
.13
.01

1 96
.
1.21
. 00
. 22
. 00
. 10
.31
. 11
.01

1.43
.96
.00
.18
.00
.08
.15
.05
.01

.41
.30
.01
.02
.00
.01
.05
.02
.00

.54
.36
.02
.08
.00
. 02
.06
.01
.00

.52
.32
.02
. 10
.00
.01
.03
.03
.00

3.62
2.57
.01
.41
.03
.11
.37
.13
.00

4.44
3.05
.02
.70
.03
.15
.40
.10
.00

3.34
2.54
.05
.35
.01
. 10
.25
.04
. 00

3.02

3. 57

3.11

2.53

2-88

2.54

9.82

10.55

9.55

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.53
.10
.00
.37
.06

.53
. 11
.00
.35
.07

.54
.09
.00
.36
.08

.26
.03
.01
.19
.04

.25
.03
.00
. 18
. 04

.23
.02
.00
.17
.05

1.78
.12
.06
1.29
.32

1.69
.12
.04
1.18
.36

1.67
.06
.04
1. 17
.40

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Other managers, administrators

2.49
.00
.21
.00
2.27

3. 04
.00
. 25
.00
2. 78

2.57
.00
.31
.00
2.25

2.27
.01
.11
.00
2.15

2.63
.01
. 13
.00
2.49

2.31
.02
.11
.00
2.17

8.03
.01
.49
.22
7.31

8.87
.02
.58
.20
8.06

7. 88
.05
.72
.20
6.91

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.13
.00
.13

. 13
. 00
. 13

.07
.00
.07

. 11
o
o
•
.11

. 13
.00
. 13

.13
.00
.13

.69
.01
.69

.52
.02
.50

.15
.06
. 09

5.6 8

5.70

5.04

3.78

3.94

3.56

13.37

13.86

12.30

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

2. 1 1
.03
1.69
.04
.35

2. 04
.03
1. 67
.02
.31

1.79
.05
1.48
.01
.26

.76
.00
.61
.02
.13

.83
. 00
.70
.01
. 12

.82
.01
.69
.01
.12

5.53
.16
4.37
.29
.71

5.45
.15
4.50
. 16
.65

5. 17
. 16
4.37
.03
.60

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

.36
.02
.01
.09
.02
.21
.00
.01

.41
. 01
. 00
. 19
. 01
. 18
. 00
.01

.26
.01
.01
. 12
.01
.11
.00
.01

.11
.00
.00
.04
.00
.05
.00
.01

. 15
.00
.00
. 10
.00
.04
.00
. 00

. 10
.00
.00
.07
.00
.03
.00
.00

1.20
.06
.06
.49
.04
.47
.02
.07

1.60
.03
.04
1.04
.04
.38
.01
.07

. 97
.02
.02
.65
.04
.20
.00
.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers




23

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metal
mining

Coal
mining

Crude
petroleum,
natural gas

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.21
.08
.62
.01
.08
.01
•06
.06
.00
.07
.16
.08
.00
.03
.03
.31
.00
.19
.13
.12
.65
.11
.14
.31

3. 25
. 10
. 60
.01
.09
.01
. 07
.07
. 00
. 09
. 18
.07
.00
.03
.03
.38
.00
. 12
. 14
. 14
.59
. 08
. 15
.33

2.99
.13
.43
.01
.08
.01
.08
.09
.00
.07
.17
.06
.00
.03
.02
.40
.00
.06
.20
.13
.50
.05
.15
.33

2.91
.06
.61
.04
.03
.00
.02
.01
.01
.09
.02
.02
.00
.02
.01
.18
.00
.03
.10
.08
1.03
.06
.38
.11

2.96
.06
.63
.05
.04
.00
.03
.01
.01
. 11
.02
. 02
.00
.02
.01
.21
. 00
.04
.08
.09
.95
.05
.40
.12

2.64
.06
.58
.06
.05
.00
.04
.01
.01
. 10
.03
.02
.00
.03
.01
.19
.00
.05
.06
.06
.82
.04
.36
.08

6.63
.12
2.11
.06
.21
.02
.05
.31
.00
.44
.36
.26
.02
. 16
.03
.24
.01
.30
.09
.48
.21
.18
.02
.98

6.81
.14
2.07
.07
.25
.02
.05
.33
.00
.52
.39
.23
.02
. 16
.04
.28
.01
.28
.10
.54
.18
.13
.01
1.01

6. 17
.15
1.88
.10
. 22
.00
.03
.34
. 00
.33
.39
.25
.01
. 11
.04
.27
.01
. 17
. 13
.48
. 14
. 13
.01
.99

30.72

34.01

39.19

29.87

32.71

34.48

17.97

18.25

17.39

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers

9.61
1.55
.17
1.49
.00
2.83
2.55
.00
.31
.73
.00
.00

9. 98
1.78
. 14
1.57
.00
3. 10
2.36
.00
.30
. 73
.00
. 00

11.49
1.99
.04
2.49
.00
3.37
2.52
.00
.24
.83
.00
.00

13.40
3.96
.23
2.58
.00
3.40
3.09
.00
.02
.07
.01
.02

13.97
4.27
. 19
2.77
.00
3.67
2.94
.00
.02
.07
.02
.01

15.25
3.79
. 11
4.32
.00
3.60
3.32
.00
.02
.07
.02
.02

2.16
.18
.01
.27
.01
.56
.42
.02
.18
.48
.00
.03

2.26
.21
.01
.28
.02
.65
.38
.02
.18
.52
.00
.02

2.74
.23
.00
. 43
.05
.80
.36
.02
.15
.69
. 00
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

6.26

6.93

6.36

6.06

6.81

6.49

5.31

6.04

6.09

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2.65
. 16
.34
.00
1.44
.56
.01
.11
.03

3. 17
.09
.28
. 00
1.88
.78
- 01
. 12
.03

4.79
.01
.15
.00
3.21
1.22
.01
.19
.02

.71
.05
.02
.03
.57
.04
.00
.00
.00

.86
.03
.03
.04
. 70
.06
.00
.00
.00

1.19
.00
.04
.06
1.01
.09
.00
.00
.00

.54
.02
.06
.00
.39
.02
.00
.02
.03

.70
.02
.06
.00
.54
.03
.00
.02
.03

1.19
.00
.09
.00
.96
. 06
.00
.02
.05

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

8.90
.02
.01
.01
1.50
.01
6.35
.00
.27
.73

10. 89
.02
. 03
.01
1.43
.01
8. 27
. 00
.34
.79

13.78
.01
.08
.0 1
1.27
.01
11.19
.00
.52
.71

7.17
.00
.00
.00
.46
.00
6.17
.03
.04
.48

8.54
. 00
.00
.00
.43
.00
7.53
.02
.05
.51

9.18
.00
.00
.00
.33
.00
8.41
.01
.04
.38

3.34
.09
.04
.01
.52
.01
2.18
.04
.00
.46

3.94
.13
.05
.01
.48
.02
2.75
.04
.00
.47

4.37
.13
. 09
.01
.38
.02
3. 39
.03
. 00
.32

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.04
.04
.00

. 05
.05
. 00

.07
.07
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.07
.03
.03

.08
.04
.04

.08
.04
.03

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.43
.00
.31
.01
.1 1

.53
.00
.39
.01
. 13
.00

.39
.00
.21
.01
.17
.00

.06
.00
.05
.01
.01
.00

.07
.00
.06
.01
.00
.00

.05
.00
.04
.01
.00
.00

.09
.06
.00
.00
.02
.01

.09
.04
.00
.00
.02
.02

. 08
.00
.00
. 00
.04
.03

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Beal estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




o
o

1970

24

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Coal
mining

Metal
mining

Crude
petroleum,
natural gas

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Welders and flamecutters
Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Blasters
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mine operatives,other
Mixing operatives
oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Photographic process workers
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Sail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

2.83
1.79
.36
.57
.11

2.47
1 53
.
. 37
. 46
.11

2.32
1.79
.20
.24
.09

2.47
.48
.80
1.17
.02

2.47
.41
.98
1.06
.01

2.31
.46
1.02
.84
.01

6.46
.50
.48
5.41
.06

5.13
.48
.58
4.00
.07

2.85
.75
.60
1.43
.08

43.94

39. 64

35.68

52.51

49.53

50.37

36.51

34.39

36.98

37.17

32- 24

25.06

44.03

40.91

41.03

32.95

30.65

32.07

3.35
.23
. 13
.01
.00
.00
2.97

3.81
. 24
.11
. 01
.00
. 00
3.45

4.74
.20
.09
.02
.00
.00
4.42

1.79
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00
1.75

1. 87
.00
. 02
.00
.00
.00
1.84

1.57
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
1.55

1.43
.00
.21
.00
.06
.01
1.15

1.54
.00
.17
.00
.04
.01
1.32

1.82
. 00
.11
. 00
.02
.00
1.68

33.82
.00
.71
.10
.05
4.08
.14
.00
27.17
.02
1.13
.00
.00
.06
.33
.00
.00
.03

28. 43
.00
.73
. 11
.06
3.92
. 10
.00
21. 94
.02
1 17
.
.00
.00
. 06
.28
. 00
.00
.03

20.32
.00
.82
.16
.09
2.84
.07
.00
14.69
.03
1.11
.00
.00
.04
.44
.00
.00
.03

42.24
.03
1.24
.13
2.66
2,46
.00
.02
34.16
.04
1.35
.00
.00
.07
.07
.00
.01
.01

39.05
.03
1.27
. 16
2.85
2. 21
.00
. 01
30. 97
.05
1.39
.00
.00
.07
.04
.00
.01
.01

39.46
.02
1.06
.23
2.71
1.33
.00
.01
32.69
.07
1.25
.00
.00
.06
.01
.00
.01
.01

31.52
.11
.25
.06
.07
5.73
.05
.00
24.57
.04
.35
.03
.11
.02
.08
.02
.01
.01

29.11
.15
.23
.06
.08
5.96
.03
.00
21.88
.04
.40
.03
.11
.02
.06
.01
.01
.01

30.25
.26
. 19
.06
.08
6.74
.02
.00
22.03
.04
.52
.01
.18
.05
.08
.00
.00
.00

6.78
.00
.04
.30
1.08
.06
.01
.04
5.24

7.40
. 00
. 04
.38
1. 00
. 08
.01
. 04
5.83

10.63
.00
.05
.44
.70
.15
.01
.03
9.25

8.48
.00
.13
.37
3.45
.00
.00
.00
4.53

8.62
.00
. 12
. 48
3.24
.00
. 00
.00
4.77

9.34
.00
.11
.57
2.25
.00
■.00
.00
6.42

3.56
.10
.18
.07
.29
.00
.01
.04
2.87

3.75
.09
.17
.09
.23
.00
.01
.04
3.11

4. 92
. 07
. 17
.10
.08
. 00
.01
.04
4.45

2.36

2. 22

1.64

.99

.94

.70

1.24

1.17

.95

1.54

1.48

. 14

. 14

.60
.08
.52

.56
.08
.48

.36
,04
.31

.82
.12
.71

.77
.11
.66

.51
. 05
.46

1.40

1.34

1.13
.09
1.05

Food service workers
Bartenders
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.05
.01
.04
.00
.00
.00
.01

.05
.01
. 03
. 00
. 00
.00
.01

.04
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.28
.00
.20
.01
.03
.02
.03

.25
.00
.16
.01
.04
.01
.03

.29
. 00
. 13
.01
.08
.02
.04

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.05
.01
.03
.02

.04
.01
.02
.01

.08
.01
.05
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
.00

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




25

Table 1, Percent distribution or ina

employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metal
mining

Coal
mining

Crude
petroleum,
natural gas

1970

1978

1990

1970

978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators

-07
.00
.07

.09
.0 0
.09

. 13

.03
.0 1
.02

.03

.00
.13

.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.04
.0 0
.04

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.6 6
.01
.65
.01

.57
. 01
.56
.01

.25
.01
.24
.01

.36
.01
.34
.01

.34
.01
.33
.01

.31
.02
.29
.01

.12
.01
.11
.01

.13
.01
.11
.01

.09
.00

5 . 31
.0 0
.21
. 81
2 .0 3
.08
.0 0
.00
.07
.01
.22
. 55
1.33

5.57
.00
.33
.71
2 . 16
.08
.00
.00
.08
.02
.13
.90
1 . 16

8 . 19
.02
.0 5
.61
5.63
.03
.00
.01
.02
.01
.08
.02
1.72

.61
.0 2
.05
.51
i. 4 5
.03
.0 0
.01
.03
.01
.08
.02
.40

5.56
.01
.05
.28
4 . 14
.03
.00
.01
.02
.01
.05
.02
.95

2.03
.0 2
.03
.75
.56
.07
.01
.00
.02
.01
.10
.16
.31

1.88
.02
.03
.62
.57
.07
.02
.00
.02
.01
.09
.18
.25

1.47
.01
.0 5
.2 8
.56
.0 7
.05
.0 0
.02
.0 3
.0 3
.2 7
. 12

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,grounakeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stocx handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




5.3 1
.00
.21
.8 5
1.96
.08
.00
.00
.05
.01
.22
.47
1.46

26

. 11
.02

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Nonmetallic
mining and
quarrying
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Constructn

199 0

100-00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

General
building
contractors
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

4.12

3.39

3.73

2.04

1.81

2.02

1.31
.15
.11
.05
.12
.12
.02
.63
.05
.06

1.96
.02
1.53
.13
.05
.13
.00
.00
.03
.06

1.39
.02
.98
. 12
.06
. 12
.00
.00
.03
.05

1.51
.02
1.03
. 14
.08
. 14
.01
.00
.02
.08

.93
.01
.72
-05
.04
.08
.00
.00
.02
.02

.69
.01
.49
.04
.05
.07
.00
.00
.01
.02

.73
.01
.48
.05
.07
.08
.00
.00
.01
.03

.53
.01
.00
. 28
.24

.60
.02
.00
.24
.35

.04
.01
.00
.01
.02

.04
.01
.00
.01
.01

.05
.01
.01
.01
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

. 02
.00
.02
.00
.00

1.06
.01
. 16
.17
.02
.06
.01
.11
.54

1. 14
. 01
. 18
. 15
.01
. 08
.01
. 12
.59

1.16
.01
.17
.16
.01
-10
.01
.13
,57

1.24
.03
.04
.46
.04
.00
.00
.42
.25

1.00
.03
. 04
.36
.05
.00
.00
.30
.23

1-18
.02
.05
.45
.08
.00
.00
.26
.33

.40
.00
.00
.28
.01
.00
.00
.09
.02

.33
.00
.00
.23
.01
.00
.00
.06
.03

.41
. 00
.00
.28
.03
. 00
.00
.04
.06

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.16
.03
.01
.11

.23
. 06
.01
. 16

.28
.09
.01
.17

.07
.01
.03
.03

.08
.01
.03
.04

.09
.01
.02
.06

.02
.01
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

. 03
.01
.00
.02

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.11
.08
.03
.01

. 14
.09
.04
.01

.10
.06
.03
.01

.06
.04
.01
.00

.07
. 04
.02
.01

.07
.05
.02
.00

.03
.02
.01
.00

.03
.02
.01
.00

.05
.03
.02
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.00
.00

,00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.02
.01

.02
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists

. 10
.02
.00
.00
.08

.11
.02
.00
.00
.09

.07
.00
.00
.00
.07

.18
.13
.02
.01
.02

.22
.15
. 02
.01
.03

.24
.16
.03
.01
.03

.13
.09
.00
.00
.03

.15
.11
.00
.00
.04

.15
. 11
.00
. 00
.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Archi tects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labcr relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers

.99
.72
.00
.00
.03
.02
.19
.04
.00

1. 18
.85
.00
.00
.04
. 05
, 20
. 04
.00

1.00
.77
.00
.00
.01
.06
.12
.04
.00

.54
.35
.05
.02
.03
.01
.07
.01
.00

.57
. 39
.04
.01
.03
.01
.07
.01
.00

-58
.42
.06
.00
.01
.01
.06
.01
.00

.52
.34
.10
.00
.01
.01
.05
.01
.00

.55
.37
.09
.00
.02
.01
.05
.01
.01

.62
.41
. 12
.00
.01
.02
.04
.01
.01

7.70

9. 40

9.16

9.93

12.50

9.74

16.19

22.15

13.31

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.65
. 10
.05
.31
.19

.64
.10
.03
.30
.21

.64
.06
.04
.32
.22

.36
.04
.01
.26
.06

.36
.04
.00
.24
.08

.54
.04
.00
.39
.12

.32
.06
.01
.15
.10

.30
.05
.00
.14
.11

.38
.05
.00
.21
. 13

Administrators,public inspectors
Officials,administrators,public

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.08
.08

.09
.09

.08
.08

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 00
.00

Professional and technical

4.12

4.49

1.17
.14
.13
.07
.14
.14
.02
.45
.05
.05

1. 15
. 14
. 10
.07
. 15
. 13
.02
.46
. 04
.05

.53
.01
.00
.28
.25

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

4.51

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers
Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists

Managers,officials,proprietors

343-899
81
 0
3


27

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation#

1^70# 1978 and projected 1990

Nonmetallic
mining and
quarrying

Constructn

General
building
contractors

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents# building
Office managers# other
Officers,pilots#pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

7.05
.00
.49
.13
.0 1
6.42

8. 77
.00
. 54
. 12
.01
8. 09

8.51
.00
.57
.13
.01
7.80

9.49
.02
.29
.03
.00
9.15

12.06
.03
.31
. 03
.00
11.68

9.12
.04
.41
.05
.00
8.62

15.88
.06
.23
.00
.01
15.57

21.85
.09
.24
.00
.01
21.52

12.93
.13
.31
.00
.01
12.48

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.67
.01
.66

.73
.01
.72

.65
.01
.64

.39
.00
.39

.44
.00
.44

.66
.00
.66

.60
.00
.59

.58
.00
.58

.56
.00
.56

7.67

7. 81

7.19

5.79

5.88

6.15

4.88

4.77

4. 83

2.05
.01
1.78
.04
.23

1. 99
.01
1.77
.02
.20

1.79
.01
1.62
.01
.15

1.93
.01
1.55
.07
.30

1.84
.01
1.56
.03
.25

1.99
.01
1.70
.01
.28

1.75
.01
1.58
.02
.14

1.58
.01
1.45
.01
. 12

1.60
.01
1.47
.00
. 13

.27
.03
.11
.12

.36
. 02
.24
. 10

.24
.01
.17
.06

.13
.02
.03
.06

. 13
.01
. 06
.04

.12
.01
.06
.04

.07
.02
.01
.04

.07
.01
.03
.03

.06
. 02
.02
.02

5.35
.12
1.84
.04
.04
.02
.06
.42
.13
.16
.07
.05
.01
.27
.00
.07
.20
.12
.38
.11
.96
.30

5. 46
. 13
1.83
. 06
. 05
.01
. 06
.44
.15
. 17
. 06
. 06
.01
.30
. 00
.07
. 18
.15
.34
. 09
.99
. 33

5.15
.15
1.64
.11
.08
.01
.07
.45
.11
.15
.06
.06
.01
.24
.00
.06
.14
-16
.27
.10
.93
.37

3.74
.03
1.35
.16
.05
.01
.02
.03
.86
.09
.06
.03
.02
.24
.04
. 12
.04
.08
.14
.03
.03
.32

3.91
.04
1.32
. 14
.05
.01
.02
.04
1.06
. 10
.05
.03
.02
. 26
.04
. 11
.04
.08
. 13
.02
.03
.33

4.03
.06
1.08
.25
.06
.01
.03
.06
.95
. 16
.06
.03
.02
.27
.06
. 11
.05
. 10
.19
.02
.05
.42

3.06
.02
1.15
.01
.03
.01
.01
.01
.88
.09
.04
.02
.02
.21
.00
.14
.03
.03
.06
.03
.01
.28

3.12
.02
1.05
.01
.04
.00
.01
.01
1.06
.10
.03
.02
.02
.22
.00
.13
.03
.03
.05
.02
.01
.28

3.17
.04
.91
.02
.05
.00
.02
.01
.99
.15
.04
.03
.03
.23
.00
. 13
.04
.04
.08
.01
.01
.34

27.31

28. 36

31.09

53.46

53.82

55.80

52.28

50.41

55. 34

11.09
.71
. 11
2.05
.00
.96
6.93
.00
.21
.00
.00
.13
.00
.00
.00

10. 67
.76
.09
2. 02
.00
.99
6. 51
.00
. 19
.00
. 00
. 11
.00
. 00
.00

11.94
.70
.05
2.69
.01
.90
7.38
.00
.13
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.01

44.08
15.32
3.23
1.08
1.29
4.24
4.82
.31
5.51
.19
.55
4.62
1.31
1.09
.51

44.03
15.67
3.05
1. 11
1.29
4.75
4. 13
. 23
5.30
.31
.43
4.50
1.89
.92
.45

45. 11
15.18
2.91
1.52
1.47
5. 24
4.83
.20
5.10
.30
.38
4.34
1.99
1.11
.55

47.90
36.20
3.82
.37
1.32
.62
1.16
.10
1.42
.02
.32
1.01
.32
1.12
.12

46.05
35.44
3.37
.39
1.20
.64
1.05
.08
1.31
.04
.26
.90
.45
.81
.12

50. 12
35. 94
3.78
.62
1.47
.91
1.72
.08
2.13
.03
.42
1.35
.57
.91
.19

5.38

6. 05

6.04

2.72

2.78

2.60

2.31

2.38

2.51

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists#secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Computer and peripheral equip
Keypunch
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors# other
Collectors# bill and account
Counter clerks#exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
Bile clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll#timekeeping clerks
Real estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick#stonemasons# apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers# exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers# pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors




28

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
General
building
contractors

Constructn

Nonmetallic
mining and
quarrying
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

-85
•04
.01
.02
.02
.56
.19
.00
.01

. 92
.02
.01
.02
.02
.64
.21
.00
.01

1.03
.00
.01
.01
.03
.81
.17
.00
.01

1.45
.01
.10
.01
.00
.09
.12
1.12
.00

1.41
.01
. 10
.00
.00
.10
. 14
1.07
.00

1.76
.00
.11
.00
.00
. 15
.17
1.33
.00

.47
.00
.06
.00
.00
.03
.15
.21
.00

.43
.00
.05
.00
.00
.04
.16
.18
.00

.55
.00
.06
.00
.00
. 06
.20
.23
. 00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Bailroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

5.82
.01
1.37
4.14
.00
.04
.02
.24

6. 83
.01
1.27
5. 26
. 00
.04
. 02
.23

7.99
.03
1.04
6.70
.00
.07
.03
.12

2.52
.79
.43
.99
.18
.03
.00
.10

2.97
1. 11
.36
1. 17
.20
.02
.00
.11

3.43
1.10
.35
1.54
.27
.02
.00
. 15

.47
.04
.08
.30
.02
.00
.00
.02

.54
.06
.07
.36
.03
.00
.00
.02

.88
.08
. 11
.63
.03
. 00
.00
. 03

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03
.01

.03
.01

.02
.01

.03
.02

.02
.02

.03
.03

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.21
.00
.20
.01
.00
.00

.34
. 00
.33
.01
.00
.00

.50
.00
.48
.03
.00
.00

.44
.32
.00
.00
.09
.02

.44
.32
.00
.00
.09
.02

.37
.28
.00
.00
.08
.02

.05
.03
.00
.00
.01
.00

.05
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00

.06
.05
.00
.00
.02
. 00

3.97
.01
.00
2.38
.00
.01
.24
.00
.79
.48
.07

3.55
.01
.00
2. 07
. 00
.01
.26
.00
.68
. 44
.08

3.58
.01
.00
2.62
.00
.01
.19
.00
.45
.21
.08

2.22
.09
.48
.57
.00
.12
.61
.02
. 10
.01
.23

2. 16
.08
. 58
.45
.01
. 16
.55
.02
.06
.01
.24

2.50
.05
.66
.55
.01
.29
.56
.03
.02
.00
.31

1.06
.21
.03
.52
.00
.02
.12
.00
.06
.00
.09

.93
.19
.04
.41
.00
.03
.12
.00
.04
.00
. 10

1.19
. 12
.09
.59
.00
.08
- 12
.00
.01
.00
. 17

4 1.90

38.90

38.35

7.99

8.58

9.00

3.60

4.18

5.26

6.27

2.36

3.11

4.20

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Welders and fla me cutters

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




27.07

23. 12

17.00

4.20

5.39

2.77
.06
.08
.09
.03
2. 52

2.88
.03
.06
. 07
.02
2. 70

2.94
.00
.04
.05
.01
2.84

1.18
.01
.00
.02
.01
1.14

1.40
.00
.00
.02
.01
1.36

2.22
.00
.01
.02
.01
2.17

.68
.00
.00
.00
.00
.68

.80
.00
.00
.00
.00
.80

1.48
.00
.00
.00
.00
1.48

.35
.35

.31
.31

.20
.20

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

29

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Constructn

Nonmetallic
mining and
quarrying

General
building
contractors

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Ashestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mine operatives,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Photographic process workers
fiiveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

23.95
.00
.00
.53
.00
.45
2.58
.00
.14
.01
18.46
.12
.97
.00
.00
.09
.28
.3 1
.00
.00
.00

19. 93
.00
.00
. 55
.00
.49
2.36
. 00
. 12
. 01
14.72
. 13
.93
.00
. 00
.07
. 30
.24
. 00
. 00
.00

13.85
.03
.00
.64
.00
.51
1.43
.00
.06
.01
9.68
.15
.69
.00
.00
.06
.31
.29
.00
.00
.00

3.02
.42
.05
.03
.08
.04
.41
.99
.01
.02
.00
.01
.17
.02
.01
.05
.04
.02
.01
.21
.43

4.00
.67
.07
.03
.07
.04
.40
1.76
.02
.01
.00
.01
. 14
.02
.01
.02
.04
.01
.01
.22
.46

4.05
.78
. 12
.03
.07
.07
.32
1.80
.03
.02
.00
.03
.07
.02
.02
.00
.03
.01
.03
. 19
.43

1.68
.09
.03
.01
.06
.03
.03
.92
.01
.00
.00
.01
.10
.01
.01
.00
.05
.01
.00
.16
.16

2.31
.13
.04
.01
.05
.03
.04
1.50
.01
.00
.00
.01
.08
.01
.01
.00
.05
.01
.00
.17
.18

2.72
. 18
.07
.01
. 05
.05
.06
1.65
.03
.00
.00
.03
.04
.01
.03
.00
.05
.01
.00
.23
.24

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
Bailroad brake operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

14.83
.06
.62
.75
.18
.01
.00
13.20

15. 78
- 06
.63
.90
. 17
.01
.00
13.99

21.35
.07
.87
.92
.14
.01
.00
19.34

3.79
.01
.11
.11
.00
.00
.03
3.52

3. 19
.01
. 10
. 14
.01
.00
.02
2.91

2.73
.01
.12
.20
.01
.00
.01
2.38

1.24
.00
.08
.14
.00
.00
.01
1.01

1.07
.00
.06
.17
.00
.00
.01
.82

1.06
.00
. 08
.23
.00
.00
.01
.75

Service workers

1.83

1.68

1.08

.81

.67

.65

.73

.60

.46

1.05
. 11
.94

.97
. 12
.85

.63
.10
.52

.51
.10
.41

. 44
. 10
.34

.41
.11
.30

.55
.17
.38

.46
.16
.30

.34
. 15
. 19

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.07
.06
.01
.01
.01

. 05
. 03
.01
.01
.01

.04
.01
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
. 00
.01
. 00

Personal service workers
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.00

.02
.01
.01

.06
.04
.02

.04
.03
.02

.03
.01
.02

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.69
.00
.01
.67
.02

.65
. 00
.01
.63
- 01

.41
.00
.02
.39
.01

.25
.07
.00
.16
.02

. 20
.05
.00
. 14
.01

.21
.07
.00
. 14
.00

.10
.00
.00
.10
.00

.09
.00
.00
.09
.00

.08
.00
.00
. 08
.00

8.79
.13
1.38
5.72
.01
. 12
.02
.09
.17
.09
1.06

8. 62
. 13
1- 28
5.76
.01
. 13
.02
.09
. 18
. 11
.93

7.99
.20
1.00
5.56
.02
.14
.01
.06
.11
.18
.71

17.51
1.96
14.85
.29
.01
.29
.01
.02
.03
.05
.00

14.71
1.29
12.71
.28
.01
.30
.01
.03
.03
.05
.00

14.28
.80
12-68
.31
.02
.34
.01
.04
.04
.04
.00

19.69
5.67
13.63
.21
.00
.12
.00
.01
.01
.03
.00

15.50
3.33
11.75
.21
.00
.15
.00
.01
.01
.02
.00

18.23
1.46
16.22
. 30
.00
. 19
.00
.02
.02
.02
. 00

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




30

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
General
contractors
ex building
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Special
trade
contractors

1990

100-00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Manufactur­
ing

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

10- 15

8. 83

9.04

1.28

1.27

1.50

9.44

9.92

9.66

4.92
.00
.06
4. 19
.19
-11
.2 1
.01
.01
.01
.13

3. 72
.00
.07
2. 98
. 18
. 13
.21
. 01
.01
.01
.13

3.78
.00
.05
2.98
.17
.15
.19
.02
.01
.01
.20

.56
.00
.00
.22
.13
.02
.00
.00
.06
.02

.49
. 00
.00
. 16
. 13
.02
. 11
. 00
.00
.04
.02

.58
.00
.00
.17
. 16
.03
. 14
.00
.00
.04
.03

3.05
.27
.21
.07
.80
.56
.66
.06
.00
.09
.33

2.81
.23
.20
.05
.72
.58
.61
.06
.00
.07
.29

2.75
.22
.20
.04
.68
.59
.60
. 06
.00
.05
.30

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers

. 13
.02
.00
.04
.06
.01
.01

. 13
. 02
.01
. 04
.05
.01
.01

.15
.02
.02
.03
.07
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.44
.00
.02
.36
.01
.00
.03

.44
.00
.04
.35
.01
.00
.03

.41
. 00
. 04
.33
.01
. 00
.03

Mathematical specialists
Statist icians

.03
.02

. 03
. 02

.03
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.04
.03

.03
.02

.03
.03

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,tiolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surve yors
Other engineering,science teen

3.36
.1 1
. 15
.95
.05
.00
.00
1.31
.80

2. 97
. 10
. 14
. 80
.07
. 00
.00
1.06
.81

3.22
.07
. 16
.95
.10
.00
.00
.85
1.08

.30
.00
.00
.22
.05
.00
.00
.02
.02

.29
.00
.00
. 19
.06
.00
.00
.02
.02

.37
.00
.00
.24
.11
.00
.00
.01
.02

2.21
.10
.30
.69
.43
.09
.06
.00
.53

2.24
. 11
.31
.62
.48
.11
.07
.00
.54

2.38
. 12
. 34
.67
.53
. 12
.07
. 00
.54

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.08
.01
.06

.07
.01
.05

. 07
.01
.05

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.03
.03

.03
.02

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.20
.02
.08
.00
.10

- 25
.03
. 09
.00
. 13

.26
.03
.07
.00
.16

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
. 00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02

.06
.02
.00
.01
.02

.07
.02
.00
.01
.03

.09
.02
. 00
.02
.04

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.15
. 11
.04
.01

. 19
. 12
.05
. 02

.19
.12
.06
.01

.01
.01
.00
.00

.02
.01
.00
.00

.02
.02
.00
.00

.50
.31
.17
.03

.66
.36
.25
.05

.65
.35
.26
.04

Social scientists
Economists
Urban and regional planners

.03
.02
.0 1

.04
. 03
.01

.04
.03
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.13
.12
.00

.21
.20
.00

.22
. 22
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.05
.04

.05
.04

. 03
.03

writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.33
.00
.22
.00
.03
.03
.04
.01

. 40
.00
.27
.00
. 04
. 03
.05
. 02

.42
.00
.28
.00
.06
.02
.05
.01

.11
.00
.09
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

. 15
.00
.11
.00
.02
.00
. 02
.00

.17
.00
. 12
.00
.03
.00
.02
.00

1.21
.04
.30
.48
.14
.09
.08
.08

1.43
.04
.36
.57
.17
.09
.10
.10

1.37
.04
.31
.62
.11
. 11
. 09
. 08

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers




31

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
General
contractors
ex building

Special
trade
contractors

Manufacturing

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.97
.57
.07
.05
.07
.01
.03
.15
.03

1.08
.67
. 06
. 04
. 09
.01
.04
. 16
.03

.95
.67
.08
.01
.02
.01
.04
.11
.02

.26
.21
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00

.31
. 25
.01
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00

.34
.28
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00

1.67
.86
.01
.02
.05
.02
.24
.35
.11

1.88
.97
.01
.02
.08
.02
.33
.37
.09

1.63
.93
.01
.02
.05
.01
.29
.26
.06

7.53

9.64

10.78

8.17

9. 14

7.24

6.04

7.00

7. 11

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.56
.04
.00
.00
.49
.03

.56
. 04
.00
. 00
.47
.04

.81
.04
.00
.00
.72
.05

.26
.03
.01
.00
. 16
.07

.28
.03
.01
.00
. 16
.08

.47
.03
.00
.00
.28
.16

1.26
.13
.06
.02
.50
.55

1.24
. 12
.04
.02
.46
.61

1.39
. 10
.03
.02
.51
.73

Administrators,public inspectors
OfficiaIs,administrators,public

.27
.27

.33
.33

.30
.30

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Otner managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, otner
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
other managers, administrators

6.70
.02
.31
.10
6.27

8.76
. 02
.35
. 11
8. 27

9.68
.04
.39
.17
9.09

7.91
.00
.30
.00
7.61

8. 86
.00
.33
.00
8.52

6.77
. 00
.47
.00
6.30

4.77
.00
.27
.00
4.48

5.76
.00
.29
.00
5.46

5.71
.01
.32
.00
5.38

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worxer
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

.13
.00
.00
.13

. 16
. 00
.00
. 15

.21
.00
.00
.21

.45
.00
.00
.45

.53
.00
. 00
.53

.97
.00
.00
.97

2.40
.11
.29
2-00

2.40
.15
.25
2.01

2.54
. 18
.28
2.08

6.77

6. 94

7.58

5.63

5.88

5.99

12.27

12.06

11.91

2.21
.0 1
1.38
.19
.63

2. 11
.01
1 47
.
. 10
. 53

2.37
.02
1.75
.03
.58

1.83
.00
1.64
.02
.17

1.83
.00
1.66
.01
. 16

1.97
.00
1.79
.00
.18

3.58
.01
2.58
.10
.88

3.51
.01
2.69
.05
.75

3.86
.02
3.14
.02
.68

.29
.02
.01
.08
-02
.14
.00
.02

. 34
. 01
.01
. 17
. 02
. 11
. 00
. 02

.29
.01
.01
.13
.02

.05
.01
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00

.05
.01
.00
. 02
.00
.02
.00
.00

.06
.01
.00
.04
.00
.01
.00
.00

.88
.06
.05
.23
.03
.42
.02
.07

.97
.03
.03
.50
.03
.32
.01
.07

.70
.02
.02
.42
.02
. 18
.00
.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labcr relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.10

.00
.01

32

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Manufacturmg

Special
trade
contractors

General
contractors
ex building
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

4.27
.03
1.06
.49
.10
.00
.01
.07
.47
.12
.12
.01
.05
-02
.39
.00
.12
.10
.03
.19
.27
.05
.01
- 10
.44

4. 49
.04
1.03
.50
. 11
. 00
. 02
. 08
.60
. 15
.10
. 01
.05
. 02
.44
.00
. 14
.10
.03
.21
. 26
.03
.01
. 11
. 46

4.92
.05
.75
.83
.11
.00
.02
.11
.50
.21
.12
.01
.06
.01
.42
.00
.20
.10
.04
.26
.35
.04
.01
.16
.57

3.75
.04
1.65
.01
.02
.01
.02
.03
1. 11
.06
.04
.00
.01
.02
.15
.00
.00
.11
.05
.03
. 11
.03
.00
.00
.27

4.00
.05
1.62
.02
.03
.01
.02
.03
1.31
.08
.03
.00
.01
.02
. 17
.00
.00
.11
.05
.03
. 11
.02
.00
.00
.29

3.96
.08
1.36
.03
.03
.01
.04
.05
1.20
.14
.04
.00
.02
.02
.19
.00
.00
.11
.06
.04
. 15
.02
.00
.00
. 38

7.81
.18
1.32
.06
.13
.01
.24
.04
.24
.73
.24
.02
.18
.05
.40
.14
.00
.20
1.18
.32
.90
.14
.00
.15
.92

7.59
.20
1.30
.06
.15
.01
.25
.04
.27
.76
.20
.02
.17
.05
.43
.16
.00
.18
1.08
.34
.76
.09
.00
.14
.94

7.35
.25
1.26
.07
. 14
.01
.28
.04
.19
.83
.20
.01
.15
.03
.36
. 19
.00
. 13
1.10
. 33
.67
.06
.00
.10
.95

33.73

34.30

35.35

67.06

66. 04

68. 14

19.49

19.62

20. 30

21.90
2.26
.27
2.48
.97
.56
12.86
.01
.50
.00
.03
1.40
.0 1
.53
.03

21. 73
2.46
. 29
2.73
1. 05
.61
12. 15
. 01
.48
.00
. 02
1.44
.01
.45
. 03

23.36
2.62
.36
3.31
1.06
.64
12.66
.01
.98
.00
.01
1.27
-01
.41
.04

56.62
12.76
4.87
.54
1.49
8.58
1.49
.62
10.99
.41
1.02
8.67
2.70
1.44
1.04

54.98
12.73
4.37
.60
1.47
9.05
1.38
.43
9.91
.62
.73
7.98
3.63
1.23
. 84

55.34
11.65
3.95
.93
1.70
10.25
1.84
.38
9.10
.63
.59
7.73
3.91
1.63
1.05

2-47
.58
.09
.10
.01
.79
.07
.01
.26
.00
.00
.40
.00
.12
.01

2.39
.62
.07
.10
.02
.79
.06
.01
.25
.00
.00
.37
.01
. 10
.00

2.37
.59
. 04
. 12
.02
.81
.05
.01
.22
.00
.00
.40
.01
.09
.01

4. 16

4. 44

3.45

2.00

2.09

2.15

3.97

4.27

4.29

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Molders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.34
.01
.07
.00
.01
.00
.14
.06
.00
.01
.00
.03
.00

.37
.01
.07
. 00
.01
.00
. 17
. 08
.00
.01
.00
.02
. 00

.43
.00
.07
.00
.01
.00
.26
.07
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

2.71
.01
.14
.00
.00
.00
.08
.14
.00
.01
.00
2.33
.00

2. 47
.01
. 13
.00
.00
.00
.08
. 16
.00
. 01
. 00
2. 08
.00

3.19
.01
. 16
.00
.00
.00
. 13
.20
.00
.01
.00
2.69
.00

4.94
.02
.09
-12
.09
.51
1.88
.36
.28
.20
.12
.40
.88

4.79
.01
.09
.11
.09
.47
1.97
.39
.26
.15
.11
.34
.80

4.94
.00
. 11
.08
. 09
.52
2. 01
.41
.26
. 15
. 10
.35
.86

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig raeca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.29
.03
.00
.02
1.13
.00
.00
1.78
.23
.00
.00
.04
.00
.06

3. 78
. 03
.00
-02
1 04
.
.00
. 00
2. 31
.26
.00
.00
.03
.00
. 08

4.56
.03
.00
.02
.96
.00
.00
3.00
.43
.00
.00
.03
.00
.10

3.11
1.69
.00
.00
.15
.00
.00
.83
.23
.00
.00
.04
.00
.16

3.77
2.22
.00
.00
.13
.00
.00
.96
.25
.00
.00
.03
.00
. 18

4. 1 1
2.28
.00
.00
.11
.00
.00
1.16
.30
.00
.00
.02
.00
.24

3.58
.10
.19
.02
.40
.06
.01
2.17
.05
.09
.04
.08
.02
.35

3.96
.12
.18
.02
.36
.08
.01
2.63
.06
.07
.03
.06
.02
.34

4.83
. 12
. 19
.01
.39
. 13
.02
3.38
.06
.06
.04
. 11
.03
.29

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,otner
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Proofreaders
Seal estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors




33

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

General
contractors
ex building

Special
trade
contractors

Manufacturing

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.08
.00
.03
.00
.02
.00
.02

.08
.00
. 03
.00
- 02
. 00
.02

.06
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

1.78
.15
.77
.03
.04
.15
.63

1.80
. 12
.77
.01
.04
.17
.70

1.56
. 13
.54
. 00
.03
.21
.65

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.68
.57
.00
.01
.05
.05

.73
.60
. 00
.01
.05
.06

.48
.39
.00
.01
.05
.03

.49
.31
.00
.00
.17
.01

.48
.32
.00
.00
.15
.02

.47
.33
.00
.00
.12
.01

.18
.01
.01
.02
.14
.00

.16
.01
.02
.02
.12
.00

. 13
.01
.02
.02
.09
. 00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Dental laboratory technicians
furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Billers, grain, flour, feed
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shipfitters
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
U pholsterers
Other crafts workers

3.30
.00
.01
.00
.97
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
1.87
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.07
.17
.00
.00
.00
.21

3. 17
.00
.01
.00
. 82
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
1. 89
. 00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.08
.11
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 24

3.02
.00
.01
.00
.74
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
1.82
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.12
.03
.00
.00
.00
.31

2.14
.00
.07
1.03
.33
.01
.00
.01
.26
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.07
.01
.00
.00
.32

2.25
.00
. 07
1.17
.28
.01
. 00
.01
.30
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05
.01
.00
.00
.31

2.88
.00
.05
1.36
.42
.02
.00
.01
.58
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.38

2.58
.27
.22
.01
.56
.01
.01
.07
.02
.07
.12
.06
.04
.05
.05
.04
.02
.26
.02
.19
.17
.31

2.26
.21
.25
.01
.46
.01
.01
.06
.02
.08
.13
.06
.05
.07
.05
.01
.01
. 19
.03
. 17
.12
.26

2. 18
. 15
.26
. 02
.58
.02
.02
.04
. 02
.09
.12
.09
.05
.07
.04
.01
.00
. 11
.02
. 16
. 12
. 19

13.12

12.75

10.90

6.97

8.57

9.85

42.97

42.34

43. 07

Operatives,except transport

3.8 4

4. 21

4.31

5.43

7. 19

8.52

39.56

38.95

39.28

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

1-20
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
1.18

1. 52
.01
.00
.00
. 00
. 00
.00
. 02
.00
.00
1 50
.

2.13
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
2.10

1.43
.01
.00
.01
.00
.04
.00
.01
.00
.01
1.36

1.63
.01
.00
.01
. 00
.03
. 00
.01
.00
.01
1.57

2.67
.01
.00
.02
.00
.04
.00
.01
.00
.02
2.58

5.84
.38
.38
.71
.04
.76
.17
.38
.91
.21
1.92

5.55
.30
.37
.60
.03
.58
.18
.32
.82
.17
2.17

5.61
.25
.36
.51
.02
.57
.16
.35
. 82
.09
2. 49

Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

2.23
.09
.18
.76
.23
.97

1.86
.07
.14
.65
. 18
.81

1.50
.03
. 11
.57
. 12
.67

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

6.26
3.51
.23
2.51

6.17
3.57
.22
2.38

6.66
3. 85
.22
2.60

Operatives




34

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
General
contractors
ex building

Special
trade
contractors

Manufacturing

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
heat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

2.63
.03
.03
.09
.00
.22
.00
.02
.25
.02
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.01
.41
.00
.04
.01
.15
.06
.00
.00
.05
.01
.31
.88

2. 69
.05
. 04
. 10
.00
. 20
.00
.02
.29
. 04
.00
. 00
.05
. 00
. 00
.01
.37
.00
.04
.01
. 06
-07
.00
.00
.03
.01
.33
. 99

2.18
.04
.05
.10
.00
.18
.00
.03
.35
.04
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.02
.17
.00
.04
.02
.00
.05
.00
.00
.02
.02
.21
.77

4.00
.85
.08
.01
.00
.01
.00
.05
.71
1.67
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.01
.06
.00
.01
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.02
. 18
.28

5.55
1.28
- 10
.01
.00
.01
.00
.06
. 64
2.81
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.01
.05
.00
.01
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.02
. 18
.31

5.86
1.54
. 18
.01
.00
.01
.00
.10
.43
2.92
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.03
.03
.00
.01
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.04
.15
.33

25.22
.03
4.67
.01
.29
.00
.33
1.07
.05
.00
.14
.61
.02
.01
.45
.37
.14
.77
.11
.14
.00
.55
4.55
.34
.28
.33
6.08
3.88

25.38
.04
5.46
.00
.28
.00
.23
1.09
.05
.00
.13
.57
.01
.01
.40
.36
.13
.70
.12
.14
.00
.59
3.83
.24
.17
.34
6.38
4.11

25.50
.04
6.78
.00
.25
.00
.20
1. 10
.06
.00
.15
.47
.01
.01
.41
.33
. 12
.73
. 13
.14
.00
.62
4.25
.13
.15
.40
5.73
3. 29

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

9.28
.03
.10
.12
.01
.00
.00
.07
8.95

8.54
. 04
.10
. 16
.01
.00
.00
. 06
8. 18

6.59
.04
.09
.20
.01
.00
.00
.02
6.23

1.54
.00
.14
.09
.01
.00
.00
.01
1.29

1. 39
.00
. 12
. 12
.01
.00
.00
.01
1.13

1.33
.00
. 16
.19
.01
.00
.00
.01
.96

3.41
.00
.79
1.07
.01
.01
.02
.06
1.44

3.39
.00
.62
1.26
.01
.02
.02
.05
1.40

3.79
.00
.58
1.37
.01
.03
.03
.03
1.74

1.67

1.47

1.30

.28

.28

.38

2.14

1.86

1.41

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.90
.09
.81

. 80
.10
. 70

.61
.12
.49

.23
.07
.16

.24
.07
. 17

.34
.09
.25

1.41
.24
1.17

1.23
.22
1.01

.87
. 16
.71

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.06
.03
.00
.00
.02
.00

.05
.03
.00
. 00
.01
- 00

.03
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.16
.06
.01
.02
.02
.04

.12
.05
.01
.02
.01
.03

. 12
.05
.01
.02
.01
.02

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

. 02
.01

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
. 01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.06
.02
.03

.05
.01
.03

.04
.01
.02

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.70
.22
.01
.43
.05

.62
. 18
.01
. 42
.02

.65
.23
.01
.41
.00

.03
.00
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.50
.00
.02
.48
.01

.46
.00
.01
.44
.01

.37
.00
.01
.35
.00

Service workers




35

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Special
trade
contractors

General
contractors
ex building

Manufacturing

1970

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter heifers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

26.90
.00
.56
25.05
.32
.04
.79
.01
.02
.01
.05
.05
.01

25. 92
. 00
.51
23. 99
.35
.04
. 87
.02
.02
.01
. 05
.04
. 01

24.84
.00
.55
22.71
.42
.07
.94
.02
.03
.01
.05
.03
.01

10.18
.00
.89
8.80
.31
.00
.06
.00
.04
.00
.02
.06
.00

8. 29
. 00
.68
7. 14
.28
.00
.06
.00
.04
.00
.03
.06
.00

5.94
.00
.60
4.88
.25
.00
.07
.00
.05
.00
.03
.06
.00

5.26
.01
.06
.19
2.08
.00
.05
.40
.50
.03
.32
.18
1.45

4.79
.01
.06
.15
1.97
.00
.05
.41
.49
.02
-28
.16
1.18

4.02
.01
.09
.12
1.86
.00
.05
.26
.33
.01
. 16
. 14
.98

36

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990

1970

Total all occupations

Lumber
and wood
products

Ordnance

Durable
goods
1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

11.03

11.09

10.51

26.04

26.59

24.79

2.09

2.29

2.68

4.43
.46
.07
.09
1.32
.76
1.01

3.74
.35
.05
.05
1.05
.81
.85
.10
.07
.42

12.98
1.33
.23
.31
3.48
1.78
3.39

.14
.48

3.95
.38
. 06
. 06
1 16
.
. 78
.90
. 10
. 10
.41

.02
2.33

12.01
1.40
.22
. 22
3. 18
1.78
3.08
. 11
.01
2.01

10.99
1.41
.22
. 17
2.61
1.53
3-12
- 10
.00
1.83

.34
.00
.01
.04
.05
.11
.05
.00
.02
.06

.33
.00
.00
.03
.06
.11
.05
.00
.01
.06

.41
. 00
.00
.05
.07
. 12
.09
.00
.02
. 05

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

.26
.00
.01
.20
.00
.05
.00

.25
.01
.01
. 19
.00
.04
.00

.23
.01
.01
.16
.00
.04
.00

.71
.04
.02
.31
.01
.32
.02

. 80
.07
.03
.34
.02
.32
.02

.99
.10
.03
.49
.04
.31
.02

.03
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00

.03
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
. 00

Mathematical specialists
Mathematic!ans
Statisticians

.04
.01
.03

. 04
.01
. 03

.04
.01
.03

.27
.12
.15

.27
. 11
. 16

.28
.06
.22

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgel,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

2.66
.00
.07
1.07
.72
.11
.00
.09
.00
.59

2-61
. 00
.07
.93
.79
. 14
.00
. 10
. 00
.58

2.67
.01
.07
.97
.84
.14
.00

4.44
.04
. 12
.97
1.44
.17
.03
.16
.01
1.50

4.68
.05
. 15
.81
1.63
.23
.03
. 19
.01
1.58

5.06
.10
.24
.81
1.81
.25
.05
.23
.01
1.55

.34
.00
.01
.19
.02
.01
.00
.00
.02
.09

.34
.00
.01
.18
.02
.02
.00
.00
.02
.09

.44
.00
.01
.25
.02
.02
.00
. 00
.02
.13

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
fiegistered nurses

.08
.01
.07

.07
.01
. 06

.06
.01
.05

.12
.01
.11

.09
.01
.08

.03
.00
.03

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
-01

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.02
.02

.04
.04

.04
.03

.03
.03

. 04
.04

.03
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Hadio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.08
.02
.01
.02
.03

. 10
.03
.01
.02
. 04

.11
.03
.00
.03
.05

.23
.02
.03
.02
.15

.32
.04
.03
.03
.22

.45
.06
.02
.05
.32

.03
.02
.00
.00
.01

.04
.03
.01
.00
.01

.06
.04
.01
.00
.01

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.69
.42
.23
.04

.88
.47
.34
. 07

.86
.45
.35
.05

1.81
1.09
.61
. 11

2.38
1.24
.93
.21

2.28
1.13
.99
.16

.08
.05
.03
.00

.10
.06
.04
.00

.10
.06
.05
.00

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.15
.14
.00

.24
. 24
.01

.28
.28
.00

.25
.23
.01

.44
.42
.02

.58
.58
.00

.03
.03
.00

.05
.05
.00

.05
.05
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.05
.05

.05
. 05

.04
.04

.11
.11

.09
.09

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.71
.05
.32
.05
.07
.04
.06
.12

. 80
.05
. 38
.05
.07
.03
.08
. 13

.66
.04
.32
.05
.05
.03
.07
.11

1.52
.13
.37
.15
.22
.16
.06
.43

1.59
.12
.40
. 15
.25
. 14
.07
.47

1.02
.04
.34
.12
.14
.10
.03
.25

.11

.13
.00
.07
.00
.01
.01
.04
.00

. 16
.00
.07
. 00
.01
.01
.06
.01

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautica1
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers




.11

.11

.00
.53

37

.11

.00
.06
.00
.01
.01
.03
.01

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Ordnance

Durable
goods

Lumber
and wood
products

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.86
.96
.02
.03
.05
.02
.32
.39
.09
.00

2. 06
1.04
.01
.03
.07
.02
.43
.39
. 07
.00

1.79
1.01
.01
.02
.04
.01
.38
.27
.06
.00

3.57
1.36
.03
.00
.09
.09
1.00
.67
.33
.01

3.88
1.46
.02
.00
. 11
.08
1.27
.66
.25
.01

3.07
1.57
.02
.00
-02
.06
.85
.42
.12
.00

1.11
.41
.02
.45
.02
.00
.04
.15
.03
.00

1.27
-50
.01
.48
.04
.00
.05
.16
.02
.00

1.42
.65
.01
. 48
.06
.01
.05
. 14
.03
.00

5.91

6.77

6.69

5.82

6.26

5. 13

6.47

c*
r
o
*
0
0

Managers,officials,proprietors

1978

9. 12

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.24
. 13
.05
.61
.44

1. 24
. 13
.03
.56
.51

1.50
.12
.03
.66
.70

1.15
.23
.01
.84
.08

1.05
.24
.00
.72
.08

1.11
.26
.00
.75
. 10

.74
.05
.03
.42
.25

.65
.04
.02
.34
.25

. 59
.02
.02
.27
.27

Other managers,officials,pro±>rts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

4.68
.00
.23
4.43

5. 53
.00
.26
5.26

5.19
.00
.30
4.87

4.67
.01
.09
4.57

5.22
.01
.09
5. 11

4.01
.01
.10
3.89

5.73
.01
.30
5.42

7.44
.01
.29
7.13

8.53
.01
.29
8.23

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.47
.01
1.45

1.45
.02
1. 44

1.40
.03
1.37

.22
.01
.22

. 18
.01
.17

.08
.01
.06

1.02
.01
1.01

1.13
.01
1.12

1.62
.02
1.60

12.24

11.98

11.80

15.67

15.50

15.13

5.10

5.09

5.26

3.65
.01
2.68
.11
.85

3.51
.01
2.74
.06
.70

3.74
.02
3.10
.03
.59

5.50
.04
3.75
.25
1.47

4.97
.03
3.60
. 11
1.23

4.92
.04
3.59
.02
1.27

1.43
.00
1.21
.01
.21

1.49
.00
1.30
.01
.18

1.77
.00
1.56
.00
.21

.89
.05
.03
.27
.04
.44
.02
.05

1.02
.03
. 02
.56
.03
.34
.01
.05

.79
.03
.02
.47
.03
.21
.00
.03

1.28
.02
.02
.55
.08
.50
.02
.08

1.78
.01
.02
1.16
.08
.42
.01
.08

1.51
.03
.04
.96
.10
.29
.00
.08

.22
,02
.01
.05
.01
.11
.01
.01

.20
.01
.01
.10
.01
.07
.00
.01

. 16
.00
.01
.10
.01
.03
.00
.01

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




38

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Durable
goods

Ordnance

Lumber
and wood
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

7.7 0
.16
1.15
.04
.13
.19
.04
.29
.98
.25
.02
. 11
.02
.42
.18
1.05
.36
1.12
.13
.09
-98

7.45
. 18
1. 14
. 04
. 15
.21
. 04
.32
1. 00
.20
. 02
.11
. 02
.44
. 17
.94
. 38
.95
. 08
. 08
.99

7.27
.24
1.09
.04
.15
.24
.05
.25
1.12
.20
.01
.11
.01
.33
.14
.87
.38
.89
.04
.08
1.03

8-88
.05
.84
.05
.26
.00
.03
.30
1.57
.31
.05
.15
.04
.42
.13
.42
.51
1.49
.20
.35
1.71

8.75
.06
.82
.04
.30
.00
.03
.34
1.70
.27
.05
. 13
.03
.44
. 13
.36
.55
1.26
.11
. 39
1.74

8.70
. 10
.88
.04
.36
.00
.03
.24
1.91
.32
.03
.11
.03
.36
.16
.29
.57
1.20
.04
.62
1.44

3.46
.08
1.14
.01
.03
.07
.01
.13
.14
.03
.00
.03
.02
.18
.08
.52
.38
.25
.05
.03
.27

3.40
.09
1. 16
.02
.03
.08
.01
.13
.13
.03
.00
.03
.02
.20
.06
.50
.40
.17
.04
.03
.27

3.33
.11
1.23
•02
• 03
.09
.01
.12
. 11
. 03
. 00
.02
.02
.23
.04
.53
. 40
. 09
.04
.03
. 19

21.96

21.44

21.84

16.87

16. 74

17.42

15.85

17.04

20.91

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipe fitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

3.30
.84
.14
.13
.02
1.01
.10
.02
.37
.46
.01
.21
.01

3. 12
. 89
. 10
. 12
. 02
.97
. 08
.01
.35
.40
.01
. 16
.01

2.94
.82
.06
.14
.03
.94
.06
.02
.31
.40
.01
.15
.01

2.20
.58
.03
.05
.00
.78
.04
.01
.26
.43
.01
.03
.00

1.97
.53
.03
.04
.00
.74
.03
.00
.24
.36
.00
.02
.00

1.64
.39
.04
.02
.00
.65
.01
.01
.21
.30
.00
.02
.00

4.4 4
2.26
.02
.94
.00
.40
.51
.02
.18
.10
.01
.00
.01

4.56
2.37
.01
.98
.00
.48
.44
.01
.14
.10
.01
.00
.01

4.82
2.24
.01
1.23
.00
. 83
.26
. 01
.08
. 15
.02
.00
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

3.87

4. 04

3.75

4. 19

4. 26

3. 82

3.56

4.15

5.25

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

7.66
.03
.12
.20
. 15
.85
2.74
.46
.49
.33
.20
.65
1.45

7. 13
.02
. 12
. 18
. 14
.78
2.75
. 49
.44
. 24
. 18
. 54
1.27

6.92
.01
.15
.14
. 14
.83
2.53
.50
.43
.21
.17
.52
1.32

4.40
.00
.01
.06
.04
.09
2.44
.38
.02
.10
.00
.39
.86

4. 10
.00
.01
. 06
.04
.09
2. 39
.37
.03
. 08
.00
.33
. 72

4.61
.00
.01
.04
.05
.12
2.87
. 30
.06
.09
.00
.35
.73

1.68
.0 1
.01
.00
.02
.02
.52
.93
.00
.10
.00
.02
.04

1.97
.01
.02
.00
.02
.02
.65
1.13
.00
.07
.00
.02
.05

3.01
.00
.03
. 00
.03
. 02
1.09
1.66
. 00
. 08
.00
. 03
. 07

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip m'ech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.81
.11
.33
.03
.52
.09
.01
2.03
.07
.07
.14
.03
.39

4. 18
. 14
.29
.02
. 48
. 12
. 01
2.50
.07
. 04
.09
.03
.38

5.30
.13
.31
.02
.56
.20
.02
3.37
.09
.05
.17
.04
.32

4.93
.14
.25
.01
.25
.04
.01
3.04
.02
.02
.20
.02
.92

5.44
. 16
.23
.01
.22
. 06
.01
3.54
.02
.02
. 13
.03
1.02

6.64
. 14
. 16
.01
.26
. 10
.01
4.40
.05
.04
.06
.06
1.36

1.76
.01
.00
.00
.27
.00
.00
1.39
.00
.00
.00
.01
.08

1.97
.01
.00
.00
.21
.00
.00
1.67
.00
.00
.00
.01
.06

2. 60
.01
.00
.00
. 17
. 00
.00
2.36
.00
.00
.00
.01
.04

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.21
.08
.04
.02
.06

.20
. 07
. 04
.01
.07

.15
.06
.03
.01
.07

.20
.08
.00
.02
.09

. 15
.05
.00
•01
. 08

.05
.01
.00
.00
-03

.05
.03
.01
.00
.01

.06
.04
.00
.01
.02

. 09
.05
.00
.01
. 03

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store Keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
disc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




39

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Durable
goods

Ordnance

Lumber
and wood
products

1970

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.29
.01
.02
.02
.24

.25

.19
.01
.03
.01
.14

.11
.01
.02
.02
.06

. 10
.01
.02
.02
.05

.06
.00
.01
.01
.04

.04
.00
.01
.03
.01

.05
.00
.02
.02
.01

.05
.00
. 03
.01
. 00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisaer
Shipfitters
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Otaer crafts workers

2.83
.38
.01
.90
.01
.02
.12
.03
.12
.17
.11
.09
.09
.02
.20
.04
.01
.28
.24

2.53
.41

.21

2.59
.41
.02
.87
.02
.03
.06
.03
.14
.16
.15
.12
.06
.00
.07
.04
.01
.19
.20

.85
.01
.00
.28
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.17
.01
.02
.00
.01
.26
.00
.01
.01
.07

.71
.01
.00
.20
.00
. 00
.00
. 00
.00
. 16
.01
.02
.00
.01
.20
.00
.02
.02
.07

.60
.00
.00
. 16
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 11
.01
.01
.00
.00
.13
.00
.04
.05
.09

4.32
.68
.00
.89
.00
.00
.14
.10
2.15
.0 1
.00
.00
.00
.00
.12
.00
.00
.01
.23

4.28
.73
.00
.83
.01
.00
. 11
.09
2.21
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.09
.00
.00
.01
.19

5. 11
.81
. 00
1. 17
.01
.00
.07
.08
2.66
. 02
.00
.00
. 00
. 00
.08
.00
.00
.01
. 19

39.53

40.14

41.73

28.35

28.26

30.70

39.52

39.02

40.01

36.68

37.12

38.28

26.43

26.52

29. 18

31.72

30.73

30.46

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
welders and flamecutters

9.62
.63
.64
1.20
.07
1.25
.29
.63
1.48
.35
3.11

8. 88

. 49
. 62
.98
. 05
.93
. 29
. 52
1.31
.28
3. 41

8.78
.40
.57
.81
.04
.90
.25
.56
1.30
.15
3.80

3.87
.43
.03
.43
.01
.88
.17
.26
.28
.24
1.16

3.41
.32
. 04
.37
.01
. 64
. 19
.22
.27
.21
1.16

3.65
.25
.05
.46
.00
.65
.22
. 32
.39
.11
1.20

1.43
. 11
.01
.14
.00
.54
.01
.13
.09
.01
.40

1.13
.06
.01
.09
.00
.34
.01
.08
.06
.01
.48

1. 13
. 04
.01
.08
.00
. 19
.00
.04
.03
.00
.74

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

5.47
4.09
.11
1.28

5.25
4.00
.10
1 16
.

5.11
4.01
.07
1.03

6.69
6.07
.04
.59

6.30
5.82
.03
.46

6.43
6.18
.00
.26

1.81
.62
.45
.74

1.96
.74
.49
.73

2. 59
1.20
. 56
. 83

21.59
.03
7.39
.01
.01
.00
.85
.09
.01
.99
.01
.00
.00
.19
.14
1.15
.11
.19
.89
.34
.26
.44
4.82
3.69

22.98
. 04
8. 36

24.40
.03
10.01
.01
.01
.00
.97
.09
.01
.75
.01
.00
.00
.18
.11
1.07
.10
.19
.94
.43
.10
.60
5.16
3.65

15.88
.02
7. 16
.13
.02
.00
. 18
.10
.01
.39
.03
.05
.01
.23
.13
.59
.18
.05
.09
.50
.36
.07
3.41
2.19

16.81
-02
8.06
.09
. 03
.00
. 19
.10
.01
.39
. 02
.04
.01
.23
. 12
.53
. 16
.06
.07
.42
.21
.06
3.56
2.45

19.09
.01
9.70
.03
.05
.00
.22
.13
.01
.43
.03
.02
.00
.25
.08
.73
. 10
.11
.04
.55
.09
.04
3.74
2.74

28.47
.01
2.10
.01
.00
.01
2.15
.00
.01
1.32
.02
.00
.00
. 11
.14
.57
.01
.66
9.78
.06
.75
.05
6.11
4.59

27.64
.01
2.33
.01
.00
.01
2.05
.00
.01
.98
.01
.00
.00
. 11
.15
.42
.01
.58
9.89
.05
.49
.05
6.13
4.35

26.74
.01
3. 16
.01
.00
.02
2. 02
.00
.01
.58
.01
.00
.00
.09
. 18
.26
.01
.51
10.49
.05
.45
.03
5.47
3.39

Operatives
Operatives,except transport

Other operatives, exc transport
Ascestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sanaer,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Heat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Biveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport




.01

.02
.02
. 19

.
01

.71
.01
.02

.11

- 03
. 13
. 18
.11

.12
. 08
.01

. 13
. 04

.01

.
20

.
01
.01

.00
. 90
. 08
.01
. 91

.0 1

.00
.00

. 19
. 13
1.03

.10

. 18
. 92
.31
. 15
.48
5. 17
4. 00

40

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Ordnance

Durable
goods

Lumber
and wood
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.84
.00
.00
.20
1.13
.02
.00
.02
.04
.07
1.37

3.02
.00
. 00
. 18
1. 36
.02
. 00
.03
. 04
. 06
1.34

3.45
.00
.00
.22
1.52
.0 1
.01
.04
.04
.04
1.57

1.92
.02
.03
.07
.89
.00
.00
.04
.02
.06
.79

1.74
.02
.03
.06
.99
.00
.00
. 06
.02
.04
.53

1.53
.00
.00
.05
1.12
.00
.00
.15
.03
.00
.18

7.80
.00
.00
.28
3.05
.01
.00
.02
.01
.01
4.42

8.29
.00
.00
.28
3.54
.01
.00
.03
.01
.01
4.41

9. 55
.00
.00
.32
4.08
. 01
.00
.03
.00
.01
5. 10

2.04

1 81
.

1.42

2.85

2.66

2.69

1.75

1.51

1.25

1.34
.22
1. 12

1. 20
.20
1.00

.97
.17
.80

1.25
.09
1.16

1. 15
.09
1.06

1.13
.11
1.02

.92
.15
.77

.69
. 12
.57

.34
. 07
.27

Food service workers
waiters' assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter#fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc p n v t

.10
.00
.03
.0 1
.02
.02
.03

. 08
.00
. 02
.01
. 02
.01
.02

.08
.00
.01
.01
.02
.01
.03

.13
.01
.04
.01
.03
.01
.03

.11
.01
.03
.01
.03
.01
.02

.10
.03
.01
.01
.01
.01
.03

.03
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03
.00
.01
.00
.00
. 00
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.01
.00
.00

.01
. 00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.03
.02
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.03
.01
.02
.01

. 03
. 01
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01
.01

.06
.04
.01
.01

.06
.04
.01
.01

.06
.04
.01
.01

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
. 00
.01
.00

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.56
.02
.53
.01

.49
.02
.47
.01

.35
.02
.33
.00

1.39
.12
1.23
.05

1.33
.09
1.20
.03

1.37
.08
1.29
.00

.78
.01
.77
.01

.78
.01
.76
.00

.87
.01
.85
.01

5.83
.09
.25
1.97
.05
.01
.69
.4 1
.04
.24
.12
1.96

5. 32
. 08
.20
1.91
.05
.01
.68
.43
.03
. 24
. 10
1.58

4.62
.13
.15
1.90
.05
.01
.42
.35
.01
.18
.08
1.33

4. 18
.03
.09
1.52
.09
.02
.01
.23
.00
.17
.16
1.86

3.79
.02
.07
1.43
. 10
.02
.01
.23
.00
. 19
. 12
1.61

4.07
.02
.07
1.64
.07
.00
.01
.20
.00
.23
.07
1.75

28.21
.31
.23
9.60
.14
.01
12.57
.18
.71
.09
.08
4.29

25.83
.28
.16
8.89
.14
.02
12.22
.15
.46
.08
.07
3.36

19.15
.41
.08
7.75
. 12
. 02
8.29
.08
. 15
.05
. 05
2.16

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators# other
Parking attendants
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc larm
Longshore workers# stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




41

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1^70, 1978 and projected 1990

Logging

1970

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

N
J
«
&
O

Total all occupations

1978

Misc
wood
products

Sawmill,
planing and
mill work

2.76

2.55

2.76

3. 05

.33
.00
.03
.05
.11
.06
.00
.02
.06

.41
.00
.06
.06
. 12
.09
.00
.03
.05

.51
.02
.04
.08
.19
.08
.00
.02
.07

.46
.01
.04
.09
.17
.09
.00
.01
.06

.51
.01
.06
. 12
. 15
. 13
.00
.00
.05

.03
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.08
.08

.08
.08

.08
.08

.00

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00

.07
. 00
.03
. 01
.00
.01
.02

.09
.00
.06
.01
.00
.01
.02

.39
.01
.26
.02
.01
.03
.07

.39
.01
.25
.02
.01
.03
.07

.51
.01
.35
.02
.01
.03
.09

.44
.00
.14
.05
.04
.00
.21

.43
.00
.11
.05
.05
.00
.23

.45
.00
.09
.02
.04
.00
.30

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
-01

.01
.01

.02
.02

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.00
.00
-00

.00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.03
.02
.00

.05
.04
.00

.07
.06
.00

.03
.01
.02

.05
.02
.03

.09
.02
.06

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts

.02
.02
.00

.03
. 03
. 00

.02
.02
.00

.08
.05
.03

.11
.06
.04

.11
.06
.05

.10
.06
.04

.13
.07
.06

. 14
.07
.07

Social scientists
Economists

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.05
.04

.08
.07

.08
.08

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 01
. 01
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.10
.05
.00
.01
.04
.01

. 13
.06
. 00
.01
.05
.01

. 17
.07
.00
.02
.08
.01

.23
-13
.05
-01
.04
.01

.25
.14
.04
.01
.06
.00

.24
. 13
.03
.01
.07
.00

Other professional and tecanical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1.03
.10
.00
.90
.00
.00
.03
.00

1. 19
. 11
. 00
1. 04
. 00
.00
. 05
. 00

1.37
.13
.00
1.20
.00
.00
.05
.00

1.12
.47
.03
.38
.02
.03
.15
.03

1.27
.59
.02
.38
.05
.04
.17
.02

1.40
.71
.01
.39
.06
.04
.14
.04

1.15
.51
.01
.25
.02
.08
.24
.04

1.32
.63
.01
.25
.06
.11
.25
.02

1.52
.81
. 00
.28
. 10
.10
.20
.03

6.52

9.45

12.11

6.04

7.24

8.15

7.82

9.48

9.94

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.33
.01
.01
.30
.02

. 30
.01
. 00
. 27
.02

.26
.00
.00
.24
.02

.82
.06
.04
.44
.28

.72
.05
.03
.36
. 29

.64
.02
.04
.28
.31

.85
.05
.01
.44
.34

.76
.06
.01
.36
.34

.65
.05
.00
.26
.34

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

6.19
.00
.07
6.12

9. 15
.00
.07
9.07

11.85
.00
.06
11.79

5.22
.01
.29
4.91

6.51
.01
.29
6.21

7.52
.01
.28
7.22

6.98
-01
.54
6.43

8.72
.01
.53
8. 17

9.29
.01
.45
8.82

Professional and technical

1.30

1. 48

1.70

2. 16

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

.18
.01
.04
.04
.03
.01
.01
.01
.03

. 18
. 01
.02
.05
.05
. 01
.01
. 00
. 04

.22
.01
.01
.06
.07
.01
.00
.00
.06

.33
.00
.03
.05
.11
.05
.00
.02
.07

Life and physical scientists
Chemists

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

Mathematical specialists

.00

. 00

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Draft ers
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science teca

.06
.00
.02
.01
-00
.01
.02

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors




42

Table 1* percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
wood
products

Sawmill,
planing and
mill work

Logging

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.22
.00
.22

.26
.00
.26

.28
.00
.28

1.05
.01
1.04

1.22
.02
1.21

1.69
.03
1.65

1.64
.01
1.64

1.71
.01
1.70

2.25
.00
2.25

1.27

1.48

1.67

5.61

5.68

5.65

6.95

6.81

6.42

Stenographrs,typists,secretarres
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

.30
.27
.00
.03

.36
.32
.00
.03

.37
.32
.00
.05

1.54
1.31
.02
.21

1.66
1 45
.
.01
.20

1.95
1.71
.01
.24

2.08
1.73
.01
.34

2.09
1.80
.00
.28

2. 15
1.90
.00
.25

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

.06
.01
.01
.01
.03
.00
.00

. 06
. 00
.00
.03
.02
.00
.00

.04
.00
.00
.04
.01
.00
.00

.22
.03
.01
.04
.13
.02
.00

. 19
. 01
.01
.07
.08
.01
.00

.13
.00
.01
.08
.03
.00
.00

.34
.04
.01
.13
.00
.04

.40
.02
.01
.24
.09
.00
.04

.31
.00
.00
.20
.05
.00
.05

.92
.02
.57
.01
.00
.03
.01
.03
.02
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00
.04
.04
.03
.01
.02
.06

1.06
. 02
.65
.01
.00
. 04
.01
.03
.03
. 00
.00
.00
. 06
.00
.05
.06
. 02
.01
. 02
.07

1.25
.02
.77
.01
.00
.07
.01
.03
.03
.00
.00
.00
.07
.00
.06
.08
.01
.01
.02
.07

3.84
.08
1.21
.02
.03
.07
.01
.17
. 13
.03
.03
.02
.19
.08
.54
.56
.27
.06
.03
.30

3. 84
.08
1.25
.02
.03
.08
.01
. 18
. 12
.03
.02
.02
.22
.07
.54
.60
. 19
.05
.03
.30

3.57
.10
1.26
.02
.03
.09
.01
. 16
.10
.03
.02
.02
.25
.05
.52
.56
.09
.04
.03
.21

4.54
.15
1.45
.01
.05
.11
.02
.08
.26
.05
.06
.03
.27
.13
.91
-13
.38
.06
.04
.35

4.32
.16
1.40
.00
.06
.11
.02
.08
.25
.04
.06
.04
.29
.10
.85
.14
.28
.04
.04
.36

3.96
.22
1.43
.00
.07
. 13
.02
.07
. 19
.05
.06
.04
.26
.05
. 84
. 15
. 12
.04
.03
.22

10.38

10. 68

12.30

17.14

18.80

22.23

16.73

17.73

22.57

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading rnach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Tile setters

5.18
.34
.03
2.59
.04
2.19
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

5. 04
.41
.02
2.70
. 05
1. 86
.00
.00
. 00
. 00
. 00

5.35
.35
.01
3.58
.08
1.34
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

4.38
2.72
.02
.65
.50
.16
.03
.15
.13
.02
.01

4.57
2.91
.02
.64
. 58
. 11
.02
. 12
. 14
.02
.01

4.89
2.65
.01
.97
.88
.08
.01
.07
.18
.03
.02

3.97
2.53
.01
.37
.44
.09
.01
.44
.08
.00
.01

4.05
2.61
.01
.35
.58
.07
.00
.34
.08
.00
.00

4. 31
2.29
.00
.50
1. 13
.07
.01
. 16
. 15
.00
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

1.50

1.73

1.67

3.75

4.45

5.17

4.86

5.61

7.65

.46
.00
.00
.01
.00
.24
.19
.00
.00
.00
.02

1.97
.02
.02
.01
.01
.52
1.32
.05
.00
.02
.02

2.42
.01
.02
.01
.01
.66
1.62
.05
.00
.02
.03

3.47
.00
.02
.02
.01
.96
2.32
.07
.00
.02
.05

2.06
.00
.02
.06
.06
.95
.46
.36
.01
.03
.13

2.21
.00
.03
.06
.05
1.13
.54
.22
.01
.03
. 14

3.30
.00
.06
.07
.06
1.94
.78
. 15
.01
.05
. 18

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers
Clerical workers

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mclamakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

 0
343-899
81-4


.21
.00
.00
.01
.00
.09
.10
.00
.00
.00
.01

. 29
. 00
.00
.01
.00
. 13
. 14
.00
.00
. 00
.01

43

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Logging

Sawmill,
planing and
mill work

Misc
wood
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mecii
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Eadio, television repairers
fiailroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.05
.00
.00
.38
•o 4
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03

1. 19
.00
. 00
.34
. 82
. 00
. 00
. 00
.00
. 03

1.33
.00
.00
.36
.96
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

1.81
.01
.00
.25
1.45
.00
.00
.00
.01
.08

2.02
.01
.00
. 19
1.74
.00
. 00
. 00
.01
.06

2.53
.01
.00
.16
2.32
.00
.00
.00
.01
.04

2.25
.01
.01
.21
1.88
.02
.01
.01
.00
.10

2.60
.01
.01
.15
2.29
.01
.01
.02
.00
.09

3.55
.02
.01
.11
3.33
.01
.01
.01
.00
.05

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.02
.01
.0 1
.00
.01

. 02
.01
. 00
. 00
. 01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.25
.16
.02
.02
.05

.30
.19
.02
.02
.07

.38
. 20
. 00
.05
. 13

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.03
.01
.00
-02

. 03
. 01
. 00
.02

.03
.01
.00
.02

.05
.01
.04
.00

.05
.02
.04
.00

.04
.03
.02
.00

.03
.03
.00
.01

.06
.05
.00
.01

.07
.07
.00
.01

2.39
.02
1.87
.00
.00
.00
.48
.00
.01
.00
.02

2. 38
. 03
1. 86
.00
. 00
. 00
. 47
. 00
.01
. 00
. 01

3.46
.03
2.93
.00
.00
.00
.49
.00
.01
.00
.02

5.18
.94
.65
.00
.12
. 15
3. 10
.01
.12
.01
.06

5.29
1.09
.58
.00
.09
. 15
3.21
.02
. 10
.01
.05

6.13
1.22
.90
.00
.06
. 12
3.67
.02
.09
.01
.04

3.32
.44
.74
.01
.32
.02
.64
.00
.18
.02
.95

2.91
.27
.61
.03
.24
.03
.74
.00
.12
.01
.85

3. 31
. 17
. 85
.06
. 15
.03
1.24
.00
.08
.01
.73

15.27

16.08

18.26

42.21

42.07

41.38

53.04

52.11

49.62

6.59

7. 49

8.31

33.99

33. 31

31.45

47.38

45.63

41.35

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling roach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.21
.00
.00
.02
.04
.00
.01
.0 1
.01
.13

.21
. 00
. 00
.01
. 03
.00
. 00
.01
.01
. 15

.21
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.18

1.45
.09
.00
.17
.52
.00
.13
.07
.01
.47

1.21
.05
.00
. 12
.34
.00
.08
.05
.01
. 57

1.16
.03
.00
. 11
.19
.00
.04
.02
.00
.78

2.49
.26
.02
.14
1.08
.06
.26
.24
.03
.40

1.78
.14
.03
.09
.65
.03
.17
.15
.02
.51

1.62
. 08
. 05
. 06
.29
.02
.08
. 08
.01
.96

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, rofg
Graders and sorters, mfy
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.23
.10
.09
.04

. 30
. 13
. 12
. 05

.39
.17
.15
.07

1.37
.44
.33
.59

1.57
.55
.40
.63

1.64
.68
.40
.56

4.69
1.67
1.17
1.85

4.87
1.96
1.16
1.75

6.53
3.26
1.24
2. 03

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
)peratives
Operatives,except transport




44

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
wood
products

Sawmill,
planing and
mill work

Logging

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Minding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

6.15
.00
.08
.02
.01
.13
.01
.00
.00
.07
.01
.00
.01
.03
.00
.00
.00
4.02
.00
.08
.01
1.10
.55

6. 99
.00
. 13
.02
. 02
. 15
.01
.00
. 00
.05
.01
. 00
.01
.03
.00
.00
. 00
4.73
.00
.06
.01
1. 18
. 58

7.71
.00
.23
.02
.03
.15
.01
.00
.00
.04
.01
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
5.72
.00
.06
.00
.89
.53

31.17
.01
1.96
.01
.01
2.63
.00
.00
.00
1.42
.02
.00
.14
.18
.40
.01
.29
12.00
.07
.93
.04
6.61
4.43

30.53
.01
2.20
.01
.01
2.54
.00
.00
.00
1.09
. 01
.00
. 14
.20
.31
.01
.26
12.01
.06
.61
.04
6.73
4.30

28.65
.01
2.80
.01
.02
2.39
.00
.00
.00
.69
.01
.00
.12
-22
.18
.01
.23
12. 12
.05
.49
.03
5.55
3.72

40.20
.00
4.41
.00
.00
2.47
.00
.05
.04
2.14
.01
.01
.12
.11
1.63
.01
2.43
7.93
.10
.77
.13
9.08
8.78

38.97
.00
4.95
.00
.00
2.39
.00
.05
.04
1.53
.01
.01
. 10
.13
1.19
.00
2.17
8.23
.08
.54
.11
9.16
8.28

33.21
.00
5.95
.00
.00
2. 15
.00
.01
.06
.59
.01
.01
.06
.18
.66
.00
1.60
8.95
.07
.58
.05
8.07
4.22

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

8.67
. 14
.53
.01
.01
.00
.01
7.97

8.59
. 16
.65
. 01
.01
.00
.01
7.74

9.95
.20
.60
.01
.01
.00
.01
9.13

8.22
.31
3.79
.01
.02
.00
.01
4.08

8.76
.32
4.43
.01
.03
.00
.01
3.96

9.92
.36
4.75
.01
.03
.00
.01
4.77

5.66
.29
2.99
.02
.02
.04
.03
2.28

6.48
.30
3.55
.02
.04
.03
.02
2.54

8. 27
.30
4. 38
.01
.04
.01
.01
3.53

.36

.34

.33

2.05

1.80

1.49

2.05

1.73

1. 14

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.16
.04
.11

. 14
. 04
. 10

.13
.04
.09

1.03
.16
.88

.78
. 13
.65

.38
.08
.30

1.27
.24
1.04

.97
.20
.77

. 36
. 08
.28

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.05
.04
.01
.00
.01
.00

. 04
.03
.01
.00
. 00
.00

.03
.02
.01
.00
.00
.00

.03
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
. 00
.00
. 01

.02
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

.04
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

.05
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.03
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards

.16
.00
.15

. 17
.00
. 17

.18
.00
.18

.99
.01
.96

.99
.01
. 97

1.09
-01
1.07

.71
.02
.69

.70
.01
.68

.69
.02
.68

64.68
.04
.08
4.12
.19
.04
58.77
.07
1.31
.06
.01
.00

60. 24
.05
. 05
4.03
. 19
.06
54.90
.08
.83
.05
.01
.00

53.36
.05
.01
3.05
.13
.07
49.83
.07
.10
.05
.01
.00

23.74
.36
.24
12.68
.11
.01
3.01
.18
.76
.09
.11
6.21

20.80
.33
. 17
11.85
. 11
.01
2.52
. 15
.48
. 08
. 10
5.01

16.65
.53
. 10
10.41
.10
.02
1.84
.07
.21
.05
.06
3.27

9.21
.40
.31
4.75
.20
.00
.97
.28
.02
.14
.05
2.09

7.68
.36
.22
4.26
.20
.00
.82
.25
.02
.12
.04
1.39

5.02
.29
. 08
3.34
. 17
.00
.48
. 14
.01
.05
.02
. 44

Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




45

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Furniture
and
fixtures
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Glass and
glass
products

Stone,clay.
and glass
products
1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

2.48

2.80

2.97

6.16

6.41

5.67

6.31

6.61

5.83

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers

.47
.01
.01
.01
-25
.07
.00
.00
.02
. 10

. 46
.01
.01
.01
.25
. 06
.00
.00
. 02
.09

.41
.04
.01
.01
.19
.06
.00
.00
.02
.08

1.56
.17
.17
.12
.41
.26
.02
.01
.09
.32

1.43
. 15
. 13
. 12
.43
.24
.02
.01
.07
.27

1.30
.13
.15
.13
.38
.22
.02
.01
.07
.21

1.56
.12
.04
.15
.48
.32
.01
.00
.03
.40

1.45
.11
.03
.16
.49
.30
.01
.00
.02
.33

1.32
. 10
.02
. 18
.46
.31
.01
.00
.00
.24

Life and physical scientists
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.43
.38
.02
.02

.39
.34
.02
.03

.28
.20
.04
.04

.36
.28
.00
.07

.35
.27
.00
.07

.33
.24
.00
. 08

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.03
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.57
.01
.47
.01
.03
.00
.06

.57
.01
.44
.02
. 04
.00
.07

.76
.02
.57
.02
.05
.00
.10

1.70
.38
.43
.07
.11
.02
.69

1.71
.40
.37
.06
. 13
.02
.72

1.66
.34
.41
.03
.13
.01
.73

1.48
.05
.37
.11
.15
.02
.79

1.50
.05
.33
.09
.19
.02
.83

1.57
.04
. 39
.03
.20
.01
.90

Medical workers,exc technicians
Hegistered nurses

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.07
.06

.07
.06

.07
.07

.15
.15

.15
.14

. 14
. 14

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
fiadio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

. 02
.02
.00
.00
.00

.04
.04
.00
.00
.00

.06
.02
.02
.00
.02

.08
.03
.02
.00
.03

.08
.04
.01
.00
.03

.07
.02
.01
.01
.03

.09
.03
.01
.01
.04

.11
.05
.01
.01
.05

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts

.11
.08
.03

. 15
. 10
.05

.14
.10
.04

.18
.11
.06

.23
. 13
.09

.21
.11
.09

.22
.14
.08

.28
.15
.12

.24
. 13
. 11

Social scientists
Economists

.03
.03

. 05
-05

.05
.05

.09
.09

. 14
. 13

.11
.11

.11

.10

.15
. 15

. 11
. 11

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

.01
. 01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.45
.37
.01
.02
.00
.04
.01

.58
. 48
.01
.02
. 00
. 05
.01

.63
.55
.02
.01
.00
.04
.01

.61
.22
.01
.29
.01
.07
.01

.72
.28
.01
.31
.01
.09
.01

.56
.32
.02
. 13
.02
.08
.01

.87
.25
.02
.50
.03
.06
.02

.97
.31
.02
.52
.03
.07
.02

.67
.35
.02
.17
.04
. 07
.01

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

.78
.48
.01
.00
.00
.06
.20
.03

.92
.59
.01
. 00
.00
.09
.22
. 02

.88
.63
.01
.00
.00
.08
.16
.00

1.41
.85
.01
•04
.01
.12
.28
.10

1.61
.98
.01
.06
.01
. 18
.29
.08

1.37
.92
.00
.04
.01
.18
.20
.03

1.45
.75
.02
.02
.16
.37
.12

1.63
.84
.01
.03
.01
.25
.38
.10

1.34
.72
.01
.01
.01
.29
.24
.07

5.67

6. 65

6.85

7.03

8.25

8.53

4.02

4.58

4.60

1.02
.08
.08
.43
.43

.96
.08
.05
.37
.46

.91
.05
.04
.32
.50

1.08
.12
.09
.36
.52

.99
.11
.05
.29
.53

.83
.07
.05
.20
.51

.79
.13
.03
.31
.32

.70
.11
.01
.25
.32

.54
.06
.01
.18
.30

Managers,officials,proprietors
Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade




46

.01

Table 1- Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Glass and
glass
products

Stone,clay,
and glass
products

Furniture
and
fixtures
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officiaIs,proprts
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Hestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

4-65
.31
.00
.01
4.33

5.69
.33
. 00
.01
5. 35

5.94
.36
.00
.02
5.56

5.95
.47
.02
.00
5.46

7.26
.47
.01
.00
6.77

7.70
.45
.01
.00
7.23

3.23
.19
.00
.00
3.03

3.88
.19
.00
.00
3.68

4. 06
.19
.00
.00
3.87

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

2.29
.01
2.27

2.40
.02
2. 38

2.84
-03
2.81

2. 15
.01
2.14

2.30
.02
2.28

2.88
.04
2.84

1.20
.01
1.18

1.22
.02
1.20

1.43
.04
1.39

Clerical workers

9.38

9.37

9.67

9.96

9.67

9.24

9.27

8.87

8.70

2.58
.00
1.96
.05
.58

2. 66
.00
2. 10
.03
.52

3.17
.00
2.63
.02
.52

3.07
.02
2.41
.08
.56

3.06
. 02
2.51
.03
.49

3.54
.02
3.04
.00
.47

3.05
.03
2.45
.07
.51

3.06
.02
2.56
.03
.45

3.70
. 03
3.23
.01
.44

.46
.05
.02
.11
.01
.25
.00
.02

.48
.02
.01
.23
. 01
. 19
. 00
.02

.29
.01
.01
.16
.01
.10
.00
.01

.51
.05
.02
.15
.01
.25
.01
.02

.55
.02
.01
.31
.01
. 18
.00
.02

.32
.01
.01
.22
.01
.07
.00
.01

.54
.03
.03
.13
.01
.31
.01
.02

.52
.01
.02
.26
.01
.20
.00
.02

.28
.00
. 00
. 19
.01
.06
.00
.01

6.34
.20
1.31
.03
.07
.01
.19
.02
.21
.48
. 14
.08
.02
.39
.20
1.57
.13
.70
.12
.00
.48

6. 24
.22
1.33
. 04
.08
.01
.20
. 02
.24
- 49
. 13
. 07
.02
. 44
. 18
1.51
. 14
. 53
.10
.00
.50

6.21
.27
1.44
.06
.07
.02
.20
.02
.14
.47
.15
.06
.03
.43
.12
1.72
.12
.25
.12
.00
.55

6.38
.20
1.48
.04
.11
.02
.14
.38
.19
.45
. 12
.07
.02
.40
.18
.84
.20
.57
.12
.19
.65

6.07
.21
1.46
.04
. 13
.02
. 15
.37
.20
.43
. 11
.07
.02
.43
. 15
.77
.21
.41
.08
. 17
.65

5.38
.23
1.47
.04
.11
.02
.14
.32
.10
.32
. 11
.05
.01
.37
.07
.84
. 17
. 16
.08
.09
.68

5.68
.18
.96
.05
. 11
.01
.14
.02
.15
.52
.14
.09
.01
.45
.15
1.05
.19
.59
.13
.09
.66

5.29
.18
.97
.05
. 12
.01
.14
.02
.15
.47
.12
.08
.01
.48
.12
.97
.20
.41
.09
.07
.66

4.72
.22
1.05
. 03
. 10
.01
. 13
.02
.07
. 30
. 12
. 05
. 01
.40
.05
1.08
. 16
.13
.07
.03
.70

Stenographrs,ty pists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
flail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers

26.84

26.06

25.70

18.45

19.20

21.51

17.80

19.20

22.69

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading maca operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

3.88
3.00
.01
.00
.00
.17
.01
.62
.01
.04
.02
.01

4. 04
3. 24
. 01
. 00
. 00
. 19
.01
. 52
. 01
.05
. 01
.01

4.00
3.38
.01
.00
.00
.23
.02
.25
.00
.08
.02
.01

3.60
.58
.41
.25
.34
.86
.69
.10
.02
.25
.02
.06

3.32
.64
.28
.22
.36
.90
.52
.07
.02
. 25
.01
.03

3.30
.72
.09
.20
.54
1.00
.30
.03
.03
.37
.00
.01

2.33
.48
.20
.13
.00
.98
.08
.11
.00
.32
.03
.00

2.28
.50
.14
.11
.00
1.06
.06
.08
.00
.31
.02
.00

2.48
.55
.04
.08
.00
1.36
.03
.03
.00
. 39
.01
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.43

5. 17

6.30

5.09

5.68

6.43

4.91

5.42

6.13

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.30
.00
.00
.00
.01
.11
.57
.11
.10
.00
.19
.22

1.23
.00
. 00
.00
.01
. 09
. 59
. 12
. 08
.00
. 15
.20

1.17
.00
.00
.00
-02
.06
.54
. 14
.09
.00
.10
.22

2.45
.02
.02
.01
.01
.06
1.57
.35
.08
.02
.09
.19

2.71
.01
.03
.01
.02
.05
1.81
.42
.07
.02
.09
. 19

3.98
.00
.04
.02
.03
.04
2.78
.55
.10
.01
. 13
.29

3.72
.01
.01
.02
.01
.05
2.74
.43
.13
.01
.13
.18

4.30
.01
.01
.02
.02
.04
3.26
.51
.11
.01
.13
.20

6. 88
.00
.01
.04
.04
.03
5.32
.69
. 17
. 01
.20
.38

Crafts and kindred workers




47

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Furniture
and
fixtures

Stone,clay,
and gl,ass
products

Glass and
glass
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mecu
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
.Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.02
.01
.03
.00
.06
.01
1.24
.06
.00
.02
.03
.00
.05

1 82
.
. 02
. 05
. 00
.05
. 01
1. 54
. 06
. 00
. 02
. 03
. 00
. 05

2.28
.01
.11
.00
.03
.01
1.98
.03
.00
.04
.04
.00
.02

4.40
.07
.00
.01
.88
.00
3. 15
.01
.02
.00
.01
.01
.24

4.76
. 10
.00
.01
.68
.00
3. 72
.01
. 02
.00
.01
.00
.20

4.82
.11
.00
.01
.30
.00
4.26
.01
.03
.00
.02
.00
.08

4.03
.14
.00
.01
.07
.00
3.49
.01
.03
.01
.03
.02
.23

4.60
.20
.00
.01
.05
.00
4.08
.01
.03
.00
.02
.02
.18

5.02
. 22
. 00
.01
.02
.00
4.62
.01
.04
.00
.04
.01
.05

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press, plate printers, apreritices

.07
.05
.0 1
.02

.09
. 06
. 00
. 02

.13
.09
.00
.04

.09
.04
.02
.03

. 11
. 04
.02
.04

. 15
.07
.01
.07

.16
.03
.05
.07

. 17
.05
.03
.09

.23
. 10
.00
. 14

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators

.02
.01
.00
.01

. 02
.01
. 00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.05
.00
.02
.02

.05
.00
.02
.02

.04
.00
.03
.01

.04
.00
.00
.03

.03
.00
.00
.03

.01
.00
.00
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisaer
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

15.62
.00
6.57
.02
.07
.01
2.58
.03
.08
.02
.00
.00
.08
.00
.17
5.83
.17

13. 70
. 00
6. 96
. 02
. 06
. 02
2. 22
. 04
.09
.02
. 00
. 00
. 05
. 00
. 17
3. 92
. 13

11.81
.00
6.69
.02
.10
.03
1.09
.05
.12
.03
.00
.00
.01
.00
.17
3.46
.05

2.77
.00
.00
.00
1.05
.01
.01
- 18
.00
.05
.01
.08
.26
.69
.01
.01
.42

2.59
.00
.00
.00
.92
.01
.01
. 20
.00
.06
.01
.11
. 19
.74
.01
.01
.33

2.81
.00
.00
.00
1.33
.02
.01
.21
.00
.07
.01
.16
.07
.76
.00
.00
.15

2.61
.01
.00
.00
.31
.01
.01
.62
.00
.03
.02
.26
.17
.01
.01
.02
1.15

2.40
-01
.00
.00
.24
.01
.01
.67
.00
.04
.02
.36
.12
.02
.01
.01
.89

1.94
. 01
.00
.00
. 24
.00
.01
.67
.00
. 04
.03
.51
. 05
.04
.01
.01
.33

47.32

47. 09

47.00

45.71

45.22

46.00

52.41

51.84

51.71

44.69

44. 30

43.49

35.02

33. 92

30.69

48.54

47.65

46.98

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

3.73
.19
.00
.08
.00
.54
.05
.59
.60
.02
1.67

3.34
. 12
. 00
. 06
. 00
.35
. 04
. 40
.48
.02
1. 89

3.23
.03
.00
.03
.00
.19
.01
.2 1
.26
.01
2.50

2.81
.13
.18
.23
.00
.50
.04
-06
.38
.01
1.29

2-49
.08
.20
. 17
.00
.31
.03
.04
.26
.01
1.41

2.38
.02
.26
.09
.01
. 14
.01
.02
.08
.00
1.75

1.86
.07
.14
.09
.01
.66
.05
.07
.17
.02
.58

1.50
.04
.15
.07
.01
.39
.03
.04
.10
.02
.65

1.40
.01
.21
. 04
.03
. 15
.01
.02
.02
.01
.91

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

3.87
1.92
.05
1.91

4. 16
2. 17
.05
1. 94

5.52
2.98
.07
2.47

8.64
4.71
.33
3.61

8.73
4.95
.29
3.49

10.80
6.37
.20
4.23

20.59
11.65
.31
8.63

20.72
12.08
.26
8.38

24.91
14.74
. 12
10.06

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport




48

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Furniture
and
fixtures

Stone,clay,
and glass
products

Glass and
glass
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Asflestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

37.09
.00
7.63
.00
.03
1.39
.00
.0 1
.02
4.94
.01
.10
.03
4,22
.02
.44
.00
4.33
3.62
.01
.2 3
.04
5.30
4.72

36.79
. 00
8.76
. 00
-02
1 43
.
. 00
.01
. 02
3. 90
. 00
. 10
. 04
3. 44
. 02
. 42
.00
4. 68
3.23
. 01
. 11
.04
5. 59
4. 95

34,75
.00
11.07
.00
.01
1.35
.00
.01
.04
1.50
.00
.09
.05
2.49
.03
.35
.00
5.66
3.86
.01
.02
.03
4.88
3.31

23.56
.07
1.21
.03
.01
1.50
.08
.00
.01
.95
.04
1.46
.37
.63
.03
.06
.01
.30
.10
.00
1.33
.20
9.14
6.02

22. 70
.08
1.39
.03
. 00
1.47
.06
.00
.01
.75
. 02
1.41
. 37
.48
. 03
.05
.01
.30
.09
.00
.80
. 17
9. 19
5.98

17.51
.04
1.93
.05
.00
1.31
.02
.00
.01
.32
.01
1. 11
.35
.30
.03
.03
.01
.26
.10
.00
.61
.07
7.41
3.53

26.09
.03
2.50
.00
.02
3.71
.00
.00
.02
1.74
.02
.44
.17
.43
.04
.12
.00
.20
.10
.00
.83
.41
10.64
4.69

25.43
.05
2.80
.00
.01
3.59
.00
.00
.03
1.39
.02
.40
.17
. 32
.04
.11
.00
.20
.08
.00
.67
.32
10.67
4.57

20.67
.06
3. 59
.00
.01
3. 05
.00
.00
.04
.63
.01
.28
. 19
. 17
.03
.06
.00
.24
.08
.00
1. 12
. 10
8. 50
2.49

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

2.64
.47
.67
.00
.01
.00
.02
1.47

2.79
.47
. 81
. 00
. 00
.00
. 02
1 49
.

3-50
.70
.91
.00
.00
.00
.01
1.89

10.69
.78
2.40
.02
.03
.03
.05
7.37

11.30
.72
2.68
.02
.04
. 04
.04
7.74

15.31
.88
2.56
.03
.09
.06
.02
11.65

3.88
.23
2.41
.02
.00
.00
.03
1.17

4. 19
.22
2-74
.02
.00
.00
.04
1.16

4. 74
.34
2.75
.05
.00
.00
. 04
1.57

2.19

1.75

.83

2.63

2.03

.88

1.36
.26
1.11

. 43
.08
.35

1.75

1. 56

.99

1.18
.20
.98

1.04
. 18
. 86

.59
.08
.51

1.60
.27
1.33

1. 22
.21
1.00

.43
.07
.36

1.85
.33
1.52

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.07
.02
.01
.01
.01
.02

. 06
. 02
. 01
. 02
. 01
. 01

.09
.02
.01
-04
.02
.01

.06
.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.05
.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.00
.01
.01
.00

.13
.04
.01
.04
.03
.02

.10
.03
.01
.03
.02
.02

.06
.02
.01
.01
.01
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.01
.00
.00

. 01
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00

.02
.02
.00

.03
.02
.01

.03
.02
.01

.03
.02
.01

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.04
.01
.03
.00

.03
.01
.02
. 00

.02
.01
.01
.00

.04
.01
.02
.01

.03
.01
.02
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.07
.05
.01
.02

.05
.03
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.46
.01
.44
.01

. 43
.01
.41
.01

.29
.01
.27
.01

.47
.02
.45
.00

.44
. 01
.42
. 00

.33
.02
.31
.00

.55
.03
.52
.00

.50
.03
.47
.00

. 35
.04
.31
.00

4.28
.55
.07
2.44
.03
.00
.01
.36
.01
.13
.18
.49

4. 08
.53
.05
2. 41
.03
. 00
.01
.33
.00
. 10
. 19
. 42

3.99
.89
.02
2.31
.03
.00
.02
.13
.00
.03
.25
.31

8.36
.22
.85
4.28
.10
.01
.01
.49
.01
.34
.20
1.86

7.20
.20
.74
3.83
.09
.01
. 00
.42
.01
.29
. 19
1.41

5.34
.32
.60
3.04
.06
.02
.00
.17
.02
.10
.19
.83

6.36
.04
.09
4.00
.09
.00
.00
.25
.02
.66
.32
.89

5.65
.03
.07
3.68
.09
.00
.00
.22
.02
.54
.30
.71

4. 16
.04
.02
3.00
.06
.00
.00
.07
. 04
. 17
.31
.45

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




49

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 197q , 1^78 and projected 1990
Structural
clay
products

Cement,
concrete.
plaster
1970

total all occupations

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Pottery
and related
products
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

5.82

4.81

3.88

3.99

3.89

5.85

6.45

7. 14

1.36
.07
.39
.08
.26
.17
.02
.09
.25

1. 17
. 07
.30
.07
.27
. 16
.02
.07
.21

1.00
.05
.31
.05
.23
.14
.01
.07
.14

.81
.25
.08
.01
.16
.08
.00
.13
.10

.67
. 16
.07
.02
. 16
.06
.00
.11
.09

.59
.02
. 12
.02
.15
.03
.00
. 15
.10

1.43
.26
.04
.12
.47
. 19
.00
.08
.27

1.32
.19
.03
. 13
.48
.18
.00
.08
.24

1.32
. 06
.04
. 15
.45
.23
.00
. 14
.25

Life and physical scientists
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.49
.45
.03
.01

.41
.38
.02
.01

.20
.16
.03
.01

.43
.40
.03
.00

.41
.38
.03
.00

.29
.24
.05
.00

.22
.22
.00
.00

.22
.22
.00
.00

.35
.23
. 00
.12

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.03
.02

. 03
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1.75
-00
.97
.47
.04
.05
.00
.01
.22

1.73
. 00
.99
. 40
.04
. 05
. 00
.01
.24

1.54
.00
.82
.39
.03
.04
.00
.01
.26

1.24
.02
.01
.21
.03
.12
.00
.01
.84

1.30
.02
.01
.21
.03
. 14
.00
.01
.89

1.50
.02
.01
.34
.02
.12
.00
.03
.96

1.48
.00
.02
.43
.10
.12
.04
.00
.78

1.55
.00
.02
.41
.09
.14
.04
.00
.85

1.95
.00
.02
.63
.06
. 11
.02
.00
1.11

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.01
.00
.01

. 01
.00
. 01

.01
.00
.01

.04
.01
.04

. 06
.01
.05

.13
.04
.09

.06
.00
.06

.08
.00
.08

. 13
.00
. 13

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.08
.04
.03
.01

. 10
.06
.03
.01

.09
.07
.01
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

. 03
.01
.00
.02

.05
.03
.00
.03

.04
.00
.00
.04

.06
.00
.00
.06

. 09
.00
. 00
.09

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts

.21
.14
.07

.25
. 16
. 10

.20
.13
.08

.08
.06
.02

. 10
.07
.03

.10
.06
.03

.07
.05
.03

. 10
.06
.04

. 10
.05
.04

Social scientists
Economists
Political scientists

. 10
.08
.01

. 13
. 12
. 01

.08
.08
.00

.02
.02
.00

.03
.03
. 00

.05
.05
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.04
.04

.04
.04

.02
.02

.04
.04

.04
.04

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.23
.09
.02
.03
.00
.09
.00

. 29
. 11
. 02
. 03
. 00
. 12
. 00

.28
.11
.03
.03
.00
.11
.00

.38
.19
.00
. 12
.01
.05
.01

.44
. 23
.00
. 13
.01
.06
.01

.30
.20
.00
.05
.01
.03
.01

1.78
.93
.00
.77
.00
.04
.04

2.27
1.28
.00
.88
.00
.07
.05

2.41
1.79
.00
. 48
.00
. 10
.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1.48
.99
.00
.07
.02
.09
.24
.08

1 69
.
1. 14
. 00
. 12
.01
. 11
. 25
. 06

1.37
1.04
.00
,08
.01
.08
. 15
.01

.82
.58
.00
.00
.00
.05
.12
.07

.91
.67
.00
.00
.00
.07
. 13
.05

.86
.67
.00
.00
.00
.08
.09
.03

.72
.35
.01
.03
.00
.11
.16
.06

.83
.39
.01
.06
.00
. 16
.17
.04

.77
.38
.01
.06
.00
. 15
.,16

10.50

12.20

12.12

5.59

7.49

10.25

3.82

4.48

5.04

1.32
.14
.15
.38
.65

1 17
.
. 13
. 09
.30
.65

.91
.07
.10
.18
.57

.79
.07
.09
.25
.39

.74
. 06
.06
.21
.41

.76
.07
.08
. 18
.43

.71
.06
.03
.32
.30

.68
.06
.03
.26
.33

.74
.07
.04
.20
.44

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers

Managers,officials,proprietors
Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade




5.74

50

.;oi

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Structural
clay
products

Pottery
and related
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,saip
Other managers, administrators

9.18
.01
.73
.03
8.41

11.03
. 01
.72
.02
10.27

11.21
.01
.61
.01
10.57

4.81
.00
.40
.02
4.39

6.76
.00
.40
.02
6.34

9.50
.00
.39
.02
9.10

3.11
.00
.20
.00
2.91

3.80
.00
.21
.00
3.60

4.29
.00
.23
. 00
4.06

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

2.80
.03
2.78

2.98
.03
2.95

3.66
.03
3.63

2.14
.00
2. 14

2.66
.00
2.66

4.32
.00
4.32

1.47
.00
1.47

1.69
.00
1.69

2.70
.00
2.70

10.71

10.29

9.05

6.25

6. 17

6.43

8.08

7.71

8. 17

3. 14
.03
2.60
.08
.43

3. 07
.03
2.64
.03
.37

3.25
.02
2.89
.00
.33

1.96
.00
1.53
.09
.34

1.97
.00
1.63
.04
.29

2.27
.00
1.97
.01
.30

2.33
.00
1.81
.03
.49

2.41
.00
1.96
.02
.43

3. 43
.00
2.91
.01
.51

.48
.08
.01
.15
.21
.01
.02

. 52
.03
.01
.31
. 15
. 00
.02

.29
.01
.01
.19
.06
.00
.01

.33
.03
.02
.06
.18
.02
.01

.31
.01
.01
. 13
. 14
.00
.01

.21
.01
.01
. 12
.07
.00
.01

.46
.02
.03
.14
.22
.01
.04

.54
.01
.01
.32
.16
.00
.04

.47
.01
.01
. 34
.09
.00
. 03

7.10
.23
2.32
.02
. 13
.03
.11
1.05
.22
.30
.09
.07
.02
.34
.18
.33
.19
.4 1
. 14
.28
.61

6.71
.24
2.24
.02
. 15
.03
.11
1.02
.22
.30
. 08
.06
.02
.36
. 13
.31
.20
.30
. 10
. 24
.59

5.52
.25
2.05
.01
.12
.03
.09
.85
.10
.24
.07
.04
.02
.28
.04
.33
.13
.11
.10
.11
.56

3.95
.20
.93
.00
.07
.02
.08
.01
.08
.27
.06
.05
.04
.40
.16
.81
.11
.30
.02
.01
.31

3.90
.20
.90
.00
.08
.02
.09
.01
.08
.25
.05
.05
.05
.44
.17
. 80
.12
.23
.02
.01
.32

3.95
.23
.80
.00
.09
.02
.11
.01
.05
.21
.06
.04
.08
.41
.20
1.03
.11
. 12
.01
.01
.36

5.29
.06
.69
.13
.04
.00
.14
.04
.11
.36
.14
.09
.00
.49
.25
1.13
.29
.90
.14
.09
.22

4.75
.06
.74
.15
.04
.00
-15
.04
. 12
.33
- 13
.08
.00
.52
.24
.84
.31
.65
.05
.08
.22

4. 28
.07
1.06
.24
.03
.00
. 18
.05
.09
.23
.22
.08
.00
.49
.22
.42
.28
.31
.01
.06
.26

19.92

19.47

18.70

14.37

0
0
o

Cement,
concrete.
plaster

16.54

11.21

11.91

14.39

1.28
.37
.<19
.00
.00
.44
.03
.10
.00
.14
.00
.00
.01

1.30
.56
. 09
.00
.00
.32
.01
.05
. 00
.24
.00
. 00
.01

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

5.47
.82
.42
.36
.97
.94
1.51
.12
.06
.17
.01
.04
.05

4. 88
.88
.27
.29
1. 00
. 92
1. 15
. 09
. 05
. 17
.01
.02
.02

4.39
.92
.05
.18
1.45
.77
.66
.04
.09
.23
.01
.01
.01

3.90
.43
1.17
.40
.06
.47
.60
. 18
.03
.16
.01
.00
.41

3. 30
.50
.88
.37
.05
.53
.42
. 14
.02
. 16
.01
.00
.24

2.75
.67
.34
.49
.03
.68
.17
.04
.01
.22
.01
.00
.08

1.37
.32
.26
.00
.00
.48
.04
.12
.00
.13
.00
.00
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.34

5.88

6.19

4.57

5.07

5.65

3.91

4.28

5.02

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meek
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.01
.03
.06
.00
.02
.01
.60
.18
.04
.00
.04
.04

1.03
.02
. 06
. 00
. 02
. 01
.63
. 19
.03
.00
.02
. 04

1.10
.00
.10
.00
.03
.01
.68
.17
.03
.00
.01
.07

1.44
.00
.01
.02
.02
.05
.89
.22
.07
.02
.01
.14

1.60
.00
.01
.02
.02
.04
1.07
.25
.06
.02
.01
. 10

2.30
.00
.01
.03
.02
.02
1.70
. 31
.09
.02
.01
.09

2.85
.00
.00
.04
.00
.13
1.92
.27
.10
.00
.03
.37

2.79
.00
.00
.05
.00
.09
1.78
.39
.09
.00
.02
.37

3. 15
.00
.00
. 10
.00
.07
1.34
.79
.20
.00
.01
.65




51

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970# 1978 and projected 1990

Cement,
concrete,
plaster

Structural
clay
products

Pottery
and related
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Meehan ic s ,re pa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Hadio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

5.57
.02
.02
2.1 1
.00
3.13
.00
.00
.29

5. 55
.03
. 02
1.62
.00
3.64
.00
. 00
-24

4.61
.03
.02
.70
.00
3.79
.00
.00
.08

3.57
.03
.00
.67
.03
2.74
.02
.00
.08

3.98
.04
.00
.49
.03
3.34
.02
.00
.07

4.56
.05
.00
.17
.01
4.27
.02
.00
.04

2.55
.03
.00
.12
.00
2.16
.03
.01
.20

2.98
.06
.00
.09
.00
2.62
.03
.02
. 17

3.98
.08
.00
.04
.00
3.73
.03
.03
. 07

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.06
.02
-01
.02

. 06
.03
. 01
. 02

.07
.03
.01
.04

.01
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01

.03
.00
.00
.03

.15
.06
.03
.06

.20
.07
.03
.10

.31
. 10
.06
. 15

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.07
.03
.02
.01

.08
. 04
.01
. 01

.06
.04
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

.04
.02
.01
.01

.03
.00
.01
.02

.02
.00
.01
.01

.01
.00
.01
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Opticians,lens grinder,polisaer
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

2.39
1.80
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.37
.06
.00
.13

2. 00
1.54
. 00
. 00
. 00
.00
. 04
.00
.26
.06
. 00
. 11

2.28
2.07
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.09
.04
.00
.06

.85
.58
.01
.01
.00
.01
.02
.00
.11
.05
.02
.05

.80
.56
.02
.01
.00
.01
.02
. 00
.08
.04
.01
.04

1.22
1.04
.02
.01
.00
.01
.03
.00
.03
.03
.02
.03

.35
.11
.00
.00
.03
.00
.06
.01
.12
.01
.00
.03

.37
.10
.00
.00
.03
.00
.07
.01
.12
.01
.00
.02

. 62
.21
.00
.00
.05
.00
. 12
.02
. 18
. 02
.00
.02

41.08

41. 19

45.88

43.23

43.23

42.36

59.54

58.78

54. 74

19.00

18. 20

13.96

33.69

32.87

30.26

57.26

56.17

50.59

2.90
.12
.05
.09
.29
.00
.02
.10
2.23

2.79
. 06
. 05
.07
. 18
. 00
. 01
.07
2. 35

2.82
.01
.06
.03
.07
.00
.01
.02
2.63

1.76
.02
.16
.25
.10
.02
.07
. 14
1.00

1.75
.01
. 17
. 19
.06
.02
.05
.09
1.16

2. 16
.00
.24
.13
.03
.01
.02
.03
1.69

2.85
.07
.60
.55
.66
.15
.08
.35
.39

2.42
.04
.70
.41
.43
. 11
.05
.25
-43

2.51
.01
1. 15
.27
. 30
. 03
.03
.12
.6 1

1.26
.61
.06
.59

1. 19
. 65
. 06
. 47

1.1 1
.82
.06
.23

5.20
1.71
1.76
1.73

5.57
1.93
1.85
1.79

7.34
2.71
2.15
2.48

8.10
4.96
.18
2.96

8. 18
5.12
.18
2.88

10.44
6.52
.20
3.72

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tenars,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders

and

flamecutters

SemisKilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




52

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 199 0
Pottery
and related
products

Structural
clay
products

Cement,
concrete,
plaster
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Surveyors' helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station attea
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

14-84
.00
.00
.08
.01
.31
.11
.00
.08
.07
.00
2.55
.67
.21
.03
.01
.04
.08
.03
.99
.03
5.34
4.21

14.23
.00
.00
. 08
.01
.29
. 08
.00
.06
. 04
.00
2. 45
.65
. 17
. 03
.01
. 03
.07
. 02
.55
.03
5.31
4.36

10.03
.00
.00
.10
.01
.21
.02
.00
.02
.01
.00
1.86
.61
.10
.02
.01
.03
.06
.03
.20
.02
3.84
2.89

26.73
.02
.74
.02
.00
.44
.08
.03
. 14
.04
.01
1.40
.30
.59
.00
.01
.00
.07
.03
4.38
.02
1 1.93
6.49

25.55
.03
.91
.01
.00
.45
.06
.02
. 10
.03
.01
1.37
.33
.43
.00
.01
.00
. 08
.03
2.78
.01
12.41
6.47

20.76
.04
1.46
.01
.00
.44
.03
.01
.03
.02
.01
1.21
.47
.21
.00
.01
.00
.11
.03
1.93
.01
11.03
3.71

46.31
.00
2.06
.00
.00
.67
.02
.00
.94
.00
.00
1.30
.10
3.72
.03
.00
.00
.15
.06
1.71
.10
13.34
22.13

45.57
.00
2.21
.00
.00
.68
.01
.00
.73
.00
.00
1.31
. 10
2.93
.04
.00
.00
. 16
.06
1.10
.09
13.94
22.22

37.64
.00
2.67
.00
.00
.76
.01
. 00
.33
.00
. 00
1.38
. 11
2.28
.06
.00
.00
.18
.08
.87
.05
14.07
14.81

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

22.07
.02
1.79
2.22
.02
.05
.06
.07
17.85

22. 99
.02
1.63
2.50
. 02
.07
.07
.04
18. 64

31.91
.02
1.84
2.27
.03
.15
.11
.00
27.49

9.54
.00
.51
5. 15
.08
.00
.00
.02
3.79

10.36
.00
.50
6.00
.08
.00
.00
.01
3.77

12.10
.00
.71
6.32
.11
.00
.00
.01
4.95

2.28
.00
.15
1.06
.00
.00
.00
.01
1.06

2.60
.00
.13
1.27
.00
.00
.00
.01
1.19

4. 15
.00
. 18
1.57
.00
. 00
.00
.01
2.40

1.74

1.37

.57

1.92

1.58

.77

2.34

1.96

1.08

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.29
.20
1.09

.96
. 16
.80

.29
.05
.25

1.49
.26
1.24

1. 19
.21
.98

.47
.08
.39

2.00
.47
1.53

1.66
.41
1.25

.89
. 19
.70

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Waiters

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Personal service workers
Elevator operators

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.02
.02

-02
.02

.04
.04

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.40
.00
.40
.00

.37
. 00
.37
. 00

.24
.00
.24
.00

.38
.03
.36
.00

.35
.03
.32
.00

.25
.05
.20
.00

.32
.02
.29
.01

.28
.02
.24
.01

. 16
.03
.11
.02

7.51
.54
1.78
3.16
.00
.08
.02
.00
.27
.01
.19
.08
1.37

6.67
.50
1.62
2. 90
.00
.08
.02
.00
.23
.01
. 16
.05
1. 09

5.22
.75
1.35
2.21
.00
.05
.04
.00
.07
.01
.06
.01
.66

22.62
.03
1.20
13.36
.01
.23
.00
.00
1.69
.02
.16
.11
5.81

20.09
.03
. 84
12.90
.01
. 26
.00
.00
1.50
.02
.13
.09
4.32

15.45
.05
.24
12.29
.01
. 19
.00
.00
.59
.03
.04
.04
1.96

7.70
.00
.16
4.20
.00
.09
.01
.06
.47
.00
.38
.28
2.05

7.0 3
.00
.10
4.05
.00
.08
.01
.05
.42
.00
.33
.32
1.67

6.75
.00
.02
4.38
.00
.10
. 03
. 04
. 18
.00
. 14
.57
1.31

Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




53

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
nonmetallc,
stone
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Primary
metal
industries

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

7.91

6.86

6.24

6.70

6.59

6.23

6.76

6.66

2.27
.33
.06
.16
.65
.40
.06
.01
. 17
.43

2. 10
.33
.05
. 16
. 66
.34
.06
.01
. 13
.37

1.91
.35
.08
.20
.56
.25
.05
.01
.11
.30

1.87
.08
.10
.20
.51
.32
.46
.01
.08
.11

1.85
.08
.08
.20
.54
.31
.48
.01
.07
. 10

1.85
.09
.09
. 19
.52
.33
.48
.00
.06
.09

1.73
.07
.15
.19
.50
.27
.41
.01
.04
.10

1.68
.08
.12
.20
.51
.24
.42
.01
.03
.08

1.60
. 10
.15
.25
.43
. 19
.38
. 00
.02
.07

Life and physical scientists
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers

.49
.43
.05
.01
.00

. 44
.38
.05
. 01
. 00

.33
.21
.10
.01
.00

.61
.58
.01
.00
.01

.61
.58
.01
.00
.01

.56
.53
.01
.00
.01

.70
.68
.01
.00
.01

.70
.68
.01
.00
.01

.64
.60
.02
.00
.02

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.02
.00
.02

.01
. 00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.04
.02
. 03

2.21
.01
.16
.55
.05
-15
.04
.02
1.24

2. 16
.01
. 16
.45
.06
. 19
.04
.02
1.24

1.97
.01
.11
.43
.04
.20
.02
.03
1.14

1.64
.00
.07
.49
.07
.10
.11
.01
.80

1.69
.00
.07
- 46
.07
. 14
. 12
.01
.83

1.89
.00
.06
.61
.08
. 17
.14
.01
.82

1.64
.00
.08
.45
.07
.09
.19
.01
.75

1.73
.00
.07
.44
.07
. 12
.23
.01
.80

1.94
.00
. 04
.63
.03
. 15
.26
.01
.83

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
fiegistered nurses

.07
.00
.06

.06
. 00
. 06

.05
.00
.05

.11
.01
.11

.11
.01
.11

.12
.01
.12

.13
.02
.12

.14
.01
.12

. 17
.01
. 15

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.02
.01

. 02
.01

.01
.01

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

.01
.00

.01
.01

.00
. 00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
fiadio operators
Other technicians except health

.04
.00
.01
.02

.05
.00
.01
. 03

.04
.00
.01
.03

.04
.01
.00
.02

.05
.02
.00
.03

.07
.02
.00
.04

.03
.02
.00
.01

.05
.03
.00
.01

.07
. 05
. 00
.02

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.15
.08
.06
.02

.21
.09
. 09
.03

.21
.09
.11
.02

.26
.17
.08
-01

.35
.20
. 13
.03

.37
.22
.13
.02

.30
.19
. 10
.01

.40
.24
.15
.02

.43
.26
. 15
.02

Social scientists
Economists

.14
.14

.22
.22

.20
.20

.08
.07

.13
. 12

.13
.13

.10
.10

. 16
. 16

. 17
. 17

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

^01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.61
.19
.00
.34
.01
.05
.01

. 68
. 23
. 00
.36
.01
. 07
.01

.45
.23
.00
.15
.01
-05
.01

.14
.06
.01
.00
.01
.04
.02

.17
.07
.01
.01
.01
.05
.02

.16
.06
.01
.01
.02
.04
.02

.12
.04
.01
.00
.01
.04
.01

.14
.04
.01
.00
.01
.05
.02

. 12
.03
.02
. 00
.02
.03
.01

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc healta
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech




7.75

1970

Blast
furnaces,
steel works

54

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Blast
f urnaces,
steel works

Primary
metal
industries

Misc
nonmetallc.
stone
1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1-74
1.05
.03
.02
.18
.32
. 14

1 95
.
1.21
.03
. 02
.25
. 33
. 10

1.69
1.20
.01
.01
.22
.23
.03

1.45
.82
.04
.01
.19
.32
.07

1.69
.95
. 06
.01
.28
.33
.05

1.40
.85
.03
.01
.25
.21
.04

1.43
.80
.05
.01
.20
.30
.06

1.70
.93
.09
.01
.31
.33
.04

1.49
.86
.07
.02
. 30
.24
.01

7.13

8. 19

8.72

3.43

4. 10

4. 14

2.07

2.47

2.76

.73
.09
.03
.30
.32

.82
.09
.03
.31
.40

.51
.04
.04
.23
.20

.49
.04
.03
.20
.22

.51
.04
.03
. 19
.26

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.34
.13
.07
.44
.71

1.25
. 12
. 04
. 36
.73

1. 17
.09
.04
.27
.77

.73
.08
.04
.32
.29

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Other managers, administrators

5.79
.53
.02
5.24

6. 94
.56
. 02
6. 36

7.56
.64
.01
6.91

2.70
.17
.01
2.52

3.37
. 18
.01
3. 18

3.32
.21
.01
3.10

1.55
.11
.01
1.43

1.98
. 11
.01
1.85

2.25
. 12
.01
2. 12

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

2.62
.01
2.61

2. 72
.02
2.70

3.41
.06
3.35

.90
.00
.89

.94
.01
.94

1.06
.01
1.06

.63
.00
.63

.69
.00
.68

.91
. 00
.91

11.94

11.52

11.21

10.21

10.09

9.74

10.98

11.08

11.00

3.70
.01
.01
2.63
.10
.96

3.59
.01
. 01
2.71
. 04
. 83

4.10
.01
.01
3.29
.00
.79

2.48
.01
.00
1.69
.11
.66

2.42
.01
. 00
1.78
.05
.58

2.58
.01
.01
1.99
.01
.56

2.20
.02
.01
1.29
.14
.75

2.18
.02
.01
1.40
.07
.69

2.65
.02
.02
1. 86
.02
.75

.62
.03
.02
.22
.03
.29
.01
.03

. 72
. 01
. 01
. 44
.02
.21
. 00
. 03

.44
.00
.01
.28
.01
.11
.00
.03

.71
.04
.03
.19
.03
.39
.01
.03

.81
.02
.02
.40
.02
.31
.00
.03

.59
.02
.02
.32
.01
.20
.00
.02

.82
.03
.04
.21
.04
.46
.02
.03

.94
.02
.02
.46
.03
.38
.01
.03

.69
.01
.01
. 38
. 01
.27
.00
.02

7.61
.22
1.29
.03
.13
.01
.24
.01
.01
.29
.72
.18
.00
.00
.06
.02
.41
.20
1.32
.25
.81
.13
.30
1.00

7. 22
.23
1.27
. 04
. 14
. 01
.24
. 01
.01
.31
. 68
. 15
.00
.00
. 05
.02
.45
. 17
1.23
. 26
.60
.09
.27
.99

6.67
.25
1.34
.04
.14
.01
.22
.01
.02
.17
.53
.15
.00
.00
.04
.01
.43
.10
1.42
.22
.27
.11
.17
1.04

7.02
.18
.85
.03
.14
.00
.16
.03
.00
.19
.91
. 17
.00
.01
.10
.02
.51
.12
1.04
.56
.69
.10
.37
.83

6. 86
. 19
.85
.03
. 15
.00
. 17
.03
.00
.22
.90
. 15
.01
.01
. 10
.02
.55
. 12
.97
.60
.57
. 06
.35
.82

6.57
.25
.84
.03
. 15
.00
.18
.03
.00
. 14
.86
. 16
.01
.00
.08
.02
.48
. 10
1.04
.58
.43
.03
.29
.86

7.96
.20
.75
.03
.19
.00
.21
.05
.00
.20
1.22
.19
.01
.01
.13
.03
.48
.08
.87
.96
.67
.08
.48
1.13

7.96
.22
.78
.03
.21
.00
.22
.05
.00
.22
1.20
.18
.01
.02
. 12
.02
.54
.07
.86
1.09
.51
.05
.44
1.13

7.65
.27
.91
.02
.20
.00
. 24
. 06
.00
. 13
1.02
.22
.02
.01
. 10
.02
.51
.04
1.09
1. 10
.25
.03
.28
1. 14

21.07

22.49

27.53

29.70

29.59

32.08

33.22

34.17

39.72

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, till and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Seighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




55

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Mi sc
nonmetallc,
stone

Primary
metal
industries

Blast
furnaces,
steel works

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

2.88
.50
.40
.26
.02
.87
.43
.01
.00
.35
.00
.04

2. 81
. 55
.32
.25
.03
. 93
.32
. 01
.00
.39
. 00
.03

3.29
.66
.17
.42
.04
1.14
.17
.01
.00
.66
.00
.02

4.65
.48
.71
.35
.01
1.79
. 14
.01
.14
.77
.24
.00

4.29
.48
.57
.29
.01
1.82
. 12
.01
. 13
.70
. 17
.00

4. 12
.36
.34
.29
.02
1.97
. 10
.01
.10
.79
. 14
.01

6.28
.56
1.16
.61
.01
2.24
.14
.01
. 14
1.06
.33
.00

6.13
.60
1.00
.52
.01
2.44
.11
.01
. 12
1.07
.24
.00

6.51
.63
. 64
.45
. 02
2.98
.07
.01
. 06
1.45
. 22
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.56

6.32

7.79

5.30

5. 80

5.76

4.94

5.69

6.87

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mecn
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

3.36
.03
.00
.00
.02
.16
1.74
.62
.00
.10
.07
.19
.44

3.65
.02
.00
.00
.01
. 13
2. 06
.73
. 00
.07
. 06
.18
.39

5.23
.00
.00
.00
.01
.09
3.28
.98
.00
.08
.05
.28
.47

9.91
.10
.21
.63
.42
.51
1.84
1.48
2-24
.31
1.27
.20
.72

9.83
.07
. 19
.62
.42
.45
1.97
1.66
2. 15
. 24
1. 19
. 18
.70

10.69
.02
.21
.61
.44
.41
2.25
2.07
2.20
.28
1.06
.21
.92

8.35
.10
.36
.51
.23
.25
1.55
2.31
.39
.08
2.11
.19
.29

8.79
.07
.37
.54
.23
.20
1.55
2.80
.39
.07
2.08
. 19
.31

10.15
.02
. 49
.62
.23
.16
1.36
3.85
.52
. 11
1.92
.28
.60

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mecn
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.94
.08
.00
.30
.00
.02
3.21
.01
.03
.03
.00
.26

4. 49
. 11
. 00
.24
. 00
- 02
3. 83
.01
. 04
.02
. 00
.23

5.16
. 12
.00
.14
.00
.01
4.68
.01
.06
.02
.00
.12

3.71
.07
.01
.20
.01
.01
2.68
.02
.00
.06
.08
.57

4.32
.09
.01
. 18
.01
.01
3.31
.03
.00
.06
.09
.53

5.24
.09
.03
.14
.01
.02
4.37
.02
.00
.08
.12
.36

4.13
.07
.01
.21
.01
.01
2.70
.02
.00
. 11
.17
.83

4.67
.10
.02
.18
.02
.01
3.27
.02
.00
.11
.19
.75

5. 17
.12
. 05
. 12
.02
.02
3.99
.02
.00
. 17
.27
.41

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.07
.06
.00
.00

.09
.08
.00
.00

.13
.12
.00
.00

. 10
.06
.01
.03

. 11
.06
.00
. 04

.14
.08
.01
.05

.13
.08
.02
.03

.15
.10
.01
.04

.25
. 17
.01
. 06

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.03
.00
.02
.00
.01
.00

.04
. 00
.03
. 00
.01
.00

.07
.00
.06
.00
.01
.00

.24
.02
.13
.02
.06
.02

.29
.02
.18
.01
.05
.02

.32
.01
.22
.02
.05
.02

.42
.03
.26
.03
.09
.02

.57
.02
.40
.02
.10
.02

.72
.01
.56
. 03
. 11
. 03

5.23
.00
1.34
.02
.01
.12
.03
.00
.02
.32
3. 19
.01
.01
.18

5. 08
.00
1.21
.04
. 01
. 15
. 02
.00
.01
.21
3.26
. 01
. 01
. 15

5.86
.00
2.01
.10
.01
.21
.01
.00
.01
.06
3.36
.01
.01
.09

5.77
.00
4.07
.01
.00
.88
.01
.00
.00
.43
.00
.00
.00
.35

4.95
.00
3.33
.01
.00
.98
.01
.00
.00
.30
.00
.00
.00
.29

5.83
.01
4.53
.02
.00
.90
.01
.01
.00
. 14
.00
.00
.00
.20

8.97
.01
6.24
.01
.01
1.45
.00
.01
.00
.64
.00
.00
.00
.58

8.19
.01
5.43
.01
.00
1.66
.00
.01
.00
.52
.00
.00
.00
.51

10.05
.02
7.72
.04
.00
1.65
.00
.02
.00
. 31
.00
.00
.00
.28

40.68

39. 39

36.36

35.21

36. 18

35.21

28.56

28.79

24.40

36.13

34. 49

30.12

31.83

32.55

31.10

25.40

25.31

20.39

Other crafts, kindred workers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Shipfitters
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport




56

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation# 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Blast
furnaces,
steel works

Primary
metal
industries

Mi sc
nonmetallc.
stone
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

4-44
.30
.35
.54
.00
.72
.04
. 11
1.24
.03
1.12

3. 60
. 17
.36
.39
.00
. 44
.04
.07
.84
. 02
1. 27

3.03
.04
.44
.22
.00
-21
.01
.03
.27
.01
1.81

1 1.40
.25
3.92
1.80
.43
.80
.1 1
.18
1.00
.05
2.86

10.81
. 19
4.05
1.39
.39
.55
. 10
. 14
.87
.04
3. 10

10.16
. 12
3.79
1.13
.31
.41
.07
.11
.77
.02
3.43

10.14
.13
3.52
1.25
.66
.82
.08
.15
.52
.01
3.01

9.70
.08
3.56
.95
.64
.54
.06
.10
.37
.01
3.39

7.45
.02
2.79
.60
.57
.31
.01
.06
.13
.00
2.95

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

6.04
3. 14
.22
2.69

6. 18
3. 37
.20
2.60

7.69
4.43
.15
3.10

3.33
2.53
.10
.71

3.51
2.75
.08
.67

3.72
3.00
.05
.67

2.10
1.69
.31

2.38
1.98
.08
.32

2. 17
1.72
.03
.43

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

25.6 4
.27
1.36
.02
1.15
. 18
1.67
.01
1.16
.29
.60
.04
.10
.00
.98
.28
1.13
.31
10.74
5.39

24. 71
.30
1.67
. 02
1. 13
. 12
1.25
.01
1. 12
.26
.46
.04
.08
. 00
.91
.24
.62
.26
10. 93
5.28

19.40
.10
2.71
.05
1.01
.03
.43
.01
.93
.19
.31
.05
.04
.00
.67
.27
.23
.12
9.29
2.98

17.11
.02
.98
.01
1.11
.05
.52
.01
.16
.32
.47
.03
.08
.01
.38
.02
.41
.43
7.21
4.91

18.23
.02
1.24
.01
1. 13
.05
.53
.01
. 17
.29
.41
.03
. 08
.01
.36
.02
. 26
.44
7.95
5. 23

17.22
.02
1.61
.02
1.20
.04
.54
.01
.20
.27
.42
.04
.08
.02
.28
.04
.20
.49
7.69
4.07

13.16
.02
.35
.01
1.79
.02
.20
.02
.10
.40
.41
.02
.07
.02
.21
.01
.46
.23
4.05
4.77

13.23
.03
.47
.01
1.86
.02
. 16
.01
.10
.41
.33
.03
.06
.02
.23
.01
.32
.20
4.18
4.78

10.77
.03
.86
. 03
1.90
.01
.06
.01
. 10
.48
.24
.04
.06
.05
. 30
.03
. 31
.09
3.49
2.72

4.55
.0 1
.00
.18
1.91
.02
.01
.05
.05
.08
2.24

4. 90
.01
. 00
. 18
2.20
. 02
. 01
. 07
. 05
. 08
2.29

6.24
.00
.00
.26
2.29
.01
.01
.17
.07
.05
3.38

3.37
.00
.01
1.44
.13
.00
.13
.26
.06
1.23

3.63
.00
.02
.10
1.81
. 12
.00
. 15
.27
.05
1. 10

4.11
.00
.01
.11
2.08
. 11
.12
.25
.28
.02
1.13

3.15
.01
.02
.08
.94
.24
.00
.26
.53
.06
1.03

3.48
.01
.04
.08
1.13
.27
.00
.32
.60
.06
.99

4.00
.01
.02
.07
1.08
. 27
.34
.54
.58
.03
1.06

2.37

1 97
.

1.14

2.69

2.42

2. 18

2.93

2.59

2. 88

1.70
.26
1.44

1.33
. 20
1. 13

.52
.06
.47

1.81
.34
1.47

1.59
.31
1.28

1.44
.35
1.09

1.90
.45
1.45

1.60
.40
1.20

1.93
.57
1.36

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.07
.02
.00
.02
.01
.02

.06
.02
. 00
.02
.01
.02

.04
.01
.00
.02
.01
.01

.08
.02
.01
.01
.03
.01

. 06
.02
.01
. 01
.01
.01

.05
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01

.11
.03
.02
.01
.05
.01

.08
.02
.02
.01
.03
.01

.09
.02
.02
.02
. 02
.01

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies

.03
.01
.02

.03
. 01
.02

.06
.01
.05

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




57

.11

.11

Table 1

Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
nonmetallc.
stone

Blast
furnaces,
steel works

Primary
metal
industries

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

199 0

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators

.02
.00
.02

.02
. 00
.02

.01
.00
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.03
.01
.02

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.55
.02
.52
.01

.54
. 01
.52
.01

.51
.01
.49
.01

.76
.02
.71
.02

.74
.02
. 70
.02

.66
.03
.63
.01

.88
.04
.81
.03

.87
.04
.81
.03

.81
. 05
.75
.01

6.45
.08
.44
2.55
.07
.00
.65
.01
.23
.26
2.18

5.81
.07
.40
2.40
.07
. 00
.64
.01
. 19
.24
1.79

4.77
.12
.39
2.20
.05
.00
.40
.01
.07
.22
1.31

11.63
.07
.71
2.43
.05
.01
.19
.01
.29
.09
7.79

9.99
.06
.53
2.35
. 06
.00
. 19
.01
.27
.08
6. 44

8.99
.06
.40
2.34
.07
.01
. 16
.01
. 16
.07
5.73

15.39
.05
1.11
3.22
.05
.01
.19
.01
.25
.09
10.42

13.46
.04
.83
3.14
.05
.01
.19
.01
.21
.08
8.90

11.69
.04
.69
3.03
.06
.01
.17
.01
.06
.08
7.55

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




58

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Primary
aluminum

Other
primary
steel
1970

Total all occupations

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Other
primary
nonferrous
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

4.79

5.07

5.21

7.65

8.18

8.22

7.65

8.02

7.61

1.46
.04
.05
.09
.45
.25
.34
.00
.12
.12

1.40
. 04
. 04
.09
.45
.25
.33
.00
. 10
. 10

1.36
-05
.06
.10
.33
.31
.33
.00
.09
.09

2.63
.11
.12
.35
.55
.67
.61
.01
.11
.09

2.65
.11
. 09
.32
-66
.64
.64
.01
.09
. 10

3.03
. 11
.08
.24
.94
.72
.71
.01
.07
. 15

2.36
.13
.04
.29
.62
.32
.70
.01
.12
.13

2.31
.12
.03
.26
.67
.31
.71
.01
.09
.11

2.30
. 11
.03
.20
.73
.35
.72
.01
.07
. 09

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.38
.01
.00
.37
.00
.00

.38
.01
.00
. 37
.00
. 00

.32
.01
.00
.31
.00
.00

.57
.01
.00
.53
.01
.02

.57
.01
.00
.53
.01
.02

.49
.01
.00
.45
.01
-01

.78
.00
.01
.70
.05
.02

.80
.00
.01
.73
.04
.02

.87
. 00
.01
. 80
.03
.03

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.01
.00
.01

. 01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.04
.02
.02

.04
.01
.03

.05
.01
.04

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.04
.01
.03

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1.32
.04
.51
.04
.10
.07
.01
.56

1.32
.03
.49
.04
. 13
. 07
.01
.56

1.67
.01
.70
.05
.14
.07
.02
.68

1.80
.05
.65
.06
.12
.03
.01
.88

1. 81
.06
.57
.09
. 17
.05
.01
.87

1.90
.07
.63
.14
.24
.10
.01
.71

2.06
. 10
.41
.10
.12
.03
.01
1.29

2.10
.12
.36
.13
.17
.04
.01
1-28

2.15
. 16
.42
.20
.23
.06
.01
1.08

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.09
.00
.09

.09
.00
. 09

.10
.00
.10

.09
.01
.08

. 09
.01
.08

.09
.02
.08

.12
.00
.12

. 12
.00
.12

. 11
.00
. 11

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except heaita

.03
.01
.01
.01

. 04
.01
.01
. 02

.04
.01
.01
.02

.05
.01
.02
.02

. 06
.01
.02
.03

.08
.01
.02
.05

.06
.01
.00
.05

.08
.01
.00
.07

. 11
.01
.00
. 10

.15
.03
.01

.20
. 13
.05
.02

.20
.13
.05
.03

.38
.21
.15
.03

. 52
.24
-23
.06

.62
.28
.29
.05

.29
.19
.08
.01

.37
.23
.12
.02

. 36
.23
. 12
.01

.04
.04
.00

.06
. 06
.00

.05
.05
.00

.09
.09
.00

. 15
. 15
.00

.20
. 20
.00

.08
.07
.01

.14
.12
.02

. 15
. 14
.02

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

. 01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

. 01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.14
.06
.01
.00
.02
.03
.01

. 16
.07
. 01
. 00
. 02
. 05
. 01

.16
.07
.01
.00
.03
.05
.01

.24
.11
.01
.02
.00
.06
.03

.31
. 13
.01
.05
.00
.08
. 04

.29
. 10
.01
.07
.00
.06
.04

.15
.08
.01
.00
.01
.02
.03

.16
.09
.01
.00
.01
.02
.04

. 12
.07
.01
.00
.01
.01
.03

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists
Social scientists
Economists

Psychologists

34 3-8 9
81
5
 9 0


.11

59

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Primary
aluminum

Other
primary
steel

Other
primary
nonferrous

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.19
.70
.00
.02
.01
.15
.29
.02

1.41
. 84
.00
. 04
.01
. 21
.29
.01

1.29
.88
.00
.03
.01
.18
.17
.03

1.76
1.00
.02
.05
.01
.21
.36
.11

1.97
1. 10
.02
.06
.01
.32
.38
. 10

1.49
.82
.04
.00
.01
.29
.25
.08

1.72
.97
.00
.03
.01
.23
.37
.11

1.89
1.06
.00
..03
.01
.31
.37
.10

1.39
.82
.00
.01
.01
.26
.21
.09

3.98

4. 89

5.13

4.57

5. 16

5.28

5.13

5.46

4. 26

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.76
.09
.04
.33
.30

.72
. 10
.03
.27
.32

.67
.09
.02
-21
.35

.92
.10
.06
.39
.38

.93
. 10
.03
.37
.43

1.13
.11
.03
.46
.53

1.10
.16
.05
.49
.40

1.12
.16
.03
.47
.46

1.43
. 15
.02
.62
.65

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

3.22
.23
.01
2.97

4. 17
.24
. 01
3.92

4.46
.27
.01
4.19

3.64
.16
.00
3.47

4.23
.17
.00
4.04

4.16
.20
-00
3.95

4.03
.21
.01
3.81

4.34
.23
.01
4.10

2.83
.29
.01
2.53

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.93
.01
.93

1 03
.
.01
1.02

1.42
.01
1.40

1.22
.00
1.22

1.19
.00
1.19

1. 13
.00
1.13

1.29
.01
1.28

1.14
.01
1.13

.72
.01
.71

Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calcula ting
Computer and peripheral egurp
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers *
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




8.63

8. 42

7.76

9.92

9.79

9.09

11.09

10.93

11. 15

2.08
.01
.00
1.48
.09
.50

2.01
.01
.00
1. 50
.05
. 46

2.14
.01
.00
1.64
.01
.48

3. 14
.00
.01
2.45
. 12
.56

2.96
.00
.01
2.45
.05
.47

2.62
.00
.01
2.26
.00
.34

3.39
.01
.00
2.52
.09
.76

3.18
.01
.00
2.50
.04
.63

3.16
.01
.00
2.65
.00
.50

.49
.04
.03
.13
.01
.25
.01
.02

.55
. 02
. 02
.29
.01
. 19
. 00
.02

.37
.01
.02
.24
.01
.08
.00
.01

.66
.00
*02
.20
.02
.39
.01
.03

.82
.00
.02
.43
.01
.32
.00
.03

.66
.00
.04
.34
.02
.23
.00
.04

.83
.06
.03
.21
.02
.46
.01
.04

.93
.03
.02
.45
.02
.37
.00
.04

.74
.05
.03
.35
.03
.25
.00
.02

6.06
.17
.83
.04
.06
. 13
.03
.01
.22
.68
.12
.00
.00
.08
.02
.62
.15
1.10
.25
.71
.10
.20
.55

5.87
. 18
. 85
. 04
.07
. 14
.03
.01
.24
. 64
. 11
. 00
.00
. 07
. 02
.69
. 13
1. 06
.28
. 54
. 06
. 18
.55

5.25
.22
.78
.03
.07
.14
.02
.00
. 13
.45
.13
.00
.00
.05
.02
.64
.09
1.27
.25
.26
.03
.10
.57

6.12
.11
.88
.03
.11
.11
.00
.00
.20
.72
.14
.00
.01
.12
.00
.42
.18
1.00
.23
.65
.15
.34
.69

6.01
. 13
.83
.03
. 14
. 13
.00
.00
.23
.82
. 11
.00
.01
.11
.00
.43
. 18
.81
.25
.61
.08
.38
.73

5.81
. 17
.70
.01
. 17
. 16
.00
.00
.17
1.07
.08
.00
. J1
T
.09
.00
.28
. 19
.49
.23
.66
.03
.48
.83

6.87
.19
1.09
.03
.14
.11
.01
.00
.14
.65
.20
.01
.00
.08
.03
.48
.17
1.37
.31
.76
.14
.36
.62

6.81
.22
1.03
.04
.17
.12
.01
.00
.17
.75
. 16
.01
.00
.08
.02
.47
. 16
1.18
.35
.72
.08
.39
.67

7.25
. 34
.89
. 06
.20
. 15
.01
. 00
. 16
1.08
. 15
. 02
.00
. 10
.02
.29
. 17
.97
.39
.87
.04
-51
.84

29.86

30.56

33.70

26.43

25. 12

24.93

22.96

21.91

20.31

60

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Other
primary
steel

Primary
aluminum

Other
primary
nonferrous

1970

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.26
.36
.51
.19
.01
1.13
.14
.14
.47
.00
.31
.01

3.09
. 42
.34
. 16
.01
1.24
. 11
. 12
.47
.00
.22
.01

3.03
.32
.07
.13
.02
1.56
.06
.06
.60
.00
.17
.03

3.90
.58
.34
.07
.02
1.87
.07
. 18
.70
.01
.06
.00

3. 48
.46
.34
.09
.02
1.80
.06
. 19
.48
.01
.04
.00

3.11
.16
.38
. 19
.01
1.90
.06
.24
. 14
.01
.03
.00

3.43
.42
.20
.16
.01
1.69
.20
.11
.59
.00
.03
.01

2.98
.31
. 19
.17
.01
1.48
.19
.11
.49
.00
.02
.00

2.18
. 08
. 19
.34
.00
.83
.27
.12
.33
.00
.01
. 00

5.34

6. 19

6.25

6.09

5.64

4. 17

5.60

5.54

4.00

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

13.81
.15
.11
1.02
.93
.54
1.96
1.02
5.60
.77
.78
.14
.79

13. 46
. 12
. 11
1. 03
.93
.42
2.20
1.20
5. 24
.60
.74
. 14
.74

14.52
.05
.11
1.07
.93
.25
2.91
1.52
5.21
.69
.58
.19
1.02

8.82
.06
.02
.36
.20
.78
2-02
1.00
1.92
.25
.56
.21
1.45

8.22
.03
.01
.30
. 19
.73
2. 17
.99
1.65
. 17
.58
. 16
1. 26

8.32
.00
.01
. 12
. 16
.89
2.51
1.05
1.29
.09
.66
. 18
1.36

8.15
.05
.11
.47
.21
.92
2.22
.50
1.54
. 14
.49
.33
1.17

7.46
.03
.08
.37
.21
.79
2.33
.51
1.31
. 10
.50
-25
1.00

7.02
.00
.03
. 14
.20
.79
2.64
.42
1.01
.07
.55
. 13
1.05

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
fiailroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.08
.03
.01
.00
. 19
.01
.00
2.53
.00
.03
.03
.26

3.65
-04
.01
.00
. 16
. 01
. 00
3. 13
.00
.03
.04
.22

4.53
.03
.03
.00
.10
.01
.00
4.16
.00
.05
.06
.11

4.35
.12
.01
.00
.24
.00
.03
3.14
.07
.03
.00
.72

5.26
. 15
.01
.00
.22
.00
.04
3. 97
.07
.02
.00
.78

6.92
.14
.01
.00
.21
.00
.07
5.62
.08
.00
.00
.81

3.25
.09
.01
.01
.16
.00
.01
2.55
.03
.01
.02
.35

3.92
.11
.01
.01
.16
.00
.01
3.18
.04
.01
.02
.38

5.35
. 10
.01
.01
.20
.00
.01
4.56
.04
.01
.05
. 37

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.08
.04
.00
.03

.09
.04
.00
.04

.12
.06
.00
.06

.09
.05
.01
.03

.07
.03
.01
.02

.02
.01
.01
.01

.09
.05
.00
.03

.08
.04
.00
.03

. 03
.00
.00
.03

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.11

.01
.05
.01
.03
.01
.00

. 14
.01
. 08
. 01
.03
.01
.00

. 11
.01
.07
.02
.02
.01
.00

.05
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00

.04
.00
. 00
.00
.03
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.16
.02
.03
.01
.03
.05
.02

.16
.02
.03
.01
.02
.05
.02

. 12
.01
.01
.01
.01
.06
.02

Blue collar worker supervisors




61

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Other
primary
steel

Primary
aluminum

Other
primary
nonferrous

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabin etma kers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisaer
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

4.18
.01
.01
3. 1 1
.01
.01
.00
.65
.01
.01
.20
.17

3.95
.01
.01
2.76
.02
.01
.00
.83
. 01
.01
. 15
. 14

5.13
.01
.01
4.16
.01
.01
.00
.78
.02
.01
.07
.06

3. 13
.00
.00
2.29
.00
.02
.01
.45
.00
.00
.28
.09

2.41
.00
. 00
1.64
.00
.02
.01
.49
.00
.00
. 16
.09

2.39
.00
.00
1.80
.00
.01
.01
.41
.00
.00
.03
.13

2.28
.00
.00
1.47
.00
.01
.00
.16
.02
.00
.37
.24

1.77
.00
.00
1.16
.00
.01
.00
.14
.02
.00
.18
.26

1.61
.00
.00
1.17
.00
.01
.00
.06
.01
.00
.01
.34

37.14

37.29

35.91

41.94

42.60

44.09

43.88

44.88

47.83

Operatives,except transport

33.78

33. 51

31.58

37.78

38.57

39.45

40.48

41.49

44.25

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

14.38
.31
3.98
3.35
.46
.95
.10
.23
1.14
.02
3.85

13. 48
.21
4. 28
2. 47
.43
.63
.07
. 15
. 86
. 02
4. 36

13.75
.10
4.48
1.95
.34
.38
.01
.07
.40
.00
6.03

10.30
.37
4.36
1-16
.09
.58
.04
. 19
1.78
.01
1.72

9.75
.31
4.36
.97
.06
.45
.05
. 16
1.69
.01
1.70

9.59
.30
3.97
.95
.01
.49
.06
.22
2.08
.01
1.50

10.37
.34
4.52
1.07
.07
.69
.25
.19
1.40
.22
1.64

9.71
.26
4.46
.89
.05
.53
.27
.16
1.31
.19
1.59

9. 62
.23
4. 34
.88
.01
.61
.27
. 19
1.63
.10
1.38

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

3.55
2.85
.10
.60

3.75
3. 00
. 10
.65

4.80
3.68
.10
1.02

4.65
2.96
.03
1.66

4.24
2.96
.02
1.26

3.62
3.10
.01
.52

5.12
3.78
.13
1.21

4.89
3.79
-10
1.00

4.88
4. 21
.02
.65

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
•Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Biveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

15.85
.01
1.18
.01
.00
.00
.06
.00
.37
.01
.01
.18
.23
.42
.04
.10
.24
-02
.28
.23
7.84
4.61

16.28
.02
1. 59
.01
. 00
.00
.05
.00
.27
.01
. 01
.19
- 24
. 35
. 04
. 10
.26
. 02
. 20
.20
8. 10
4. 64

13.03
.01
1.99
.01
.00
.00
.02
.00
.08
.01
.01
.17
.26
.26
.05
.07
.33
.03
.20
.10
6.77
2.67

22.84
.01
1.39
.00
.00
1.05
.06
.00
1.26
.01
.00
.08
.27
.69
.04
.09
1. 10
.02
.43
.12
1 1.13
5.07

24. 58
.02
1.52
.00
.00
1.11
.06
.00
1.32
.01
.00
.09
. 18
.65
.03
. 10
.86
.02
.23
. 14
12.37
5.87

26.25
.01
1.74
.00
.00
1.25
.08
.00
1.67
.01
.00
.12
.03
.84
.01
.12
.28
.02
.07
.19
13.68
6.12

24.99
-01
1.92
.01
.01
1.25
.08
.02
1.05
.00
-01
.32
.27
.51
.02
.06
.53
.04
.47
1.46
11.30
5.65

26.89
.01
2.05
.01
.01
1.39
.09
.02
1.09
.00
.01
.35
.19
.49
.02
.06
.41
.04
.25
1.60
12.17
6.62

29. 74
.01
2. 26
.01
.00
1.85
. 13
.01
1.41
.00
.01
. 49
.05
.71
.04
.09
.14
. 10
.07
2. 10
12.79
7.46

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail-vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

3.36
. 15
1.60
.04
.03
.08
.06
1.40

3.77
. 15
1.90
.04
. 04
.09
. 05
1.51

4.33
.23
2.09
.05
.05
.13
.02
1.77

4.16
.13
2.31
.00
.00
.01
.05
1.65

4.03
. 10
2.83
.00
.00
.01
.04
1.04

4.64
.06
3.36
.00
.00
.03
.01
1.18

3.40
.09
1.84
.08
.06
.07
.09
1.17

3.39
.07
2.31
.05
.09
.09
-05
.73

3.59
.04
3.03
.01
.21
.16
.00
. 14

2.56

2. 30

1.66

2.56

2.41

1.98

2.39

2.25

1.89

1.81
.28
1.53

1.58
.23
1.35

1.05
.20
.85

1.81
.29
1.52

1.69
.29
1.39

1.37
.28
1.09

1.60
-23
1.37

1.48
.24
1.25

1.20
.23
. 97

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




62

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Other
primary
nonferrous

Primary
aluminum

Other
primary
steel
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

Food service vcrkers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc pri/t

.06
.02
.01
.02
.01

.04
.01
. 00
.01
. 01

.03
.01
.00
.01
.01

.07
.03
.02
.01
.01

.06
.02
.02
.01
.01

.04
.01
.02
.01
.01

.06
.02
.01
.00
.02

.05
.01
.01
.00
.02

.04
.00
.02
. 00
.02

Health service workers
Practical nurses

.01
.01

. 01
. 01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 00
.00

Personal service workers
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private nomes

.02
.01
.01

. 02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

. 03
.01
.01

.03
.02
.01

.03
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.66
.01
.63
.01

.65
.01
. 62
.01

.56
.02
.54
.00

.65
.01
.63
.01

.64
.01
.62
.01

.54
.01
.53
.01

.71
.01
.67
.02

.69
.01
.66
.01

.63
.01
.62
.01

12.13
.06
.39
1.92
.04
.00
.17
.00
.37
.10
9.08

10. 45
. 06
.29
1. 86
. 04
. 00
. 16
.00
.31
. 10
7.64

9.21
-09
.10
1.76
.05
.00
.07
.00
.10
.10
6.9 4

5.72
.13
.39
1.96
.08
.01
.16
.01
.25
.06
2.67

5.57
. 10
.36
2.05
.09
.01
. 18
.01
.28
.04
2. 46

5.28
. 10
.33
2.00
. 10
.01
.19
.01
.28
.01
2.24

5.61
.08
.47
1.63
.05
.00
.23
.01
.30
.13
2.73

5.42
.05
.43
1.71
.06
.00
.26
.01
.33
.09
2.49

6.23
. 04
.40
2.26
.08
.00
.26
.01
.35
.03
2.80

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




63

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Fabricated
metal
products
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Cutlery
and other
hardware
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Fabricated
structural
metal
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

6.00

6. 10

5.41

5.48

5.94

5.72

7.43

7.09

5.74

1.96
.03
.12
.12
.52
.6 3
.09
.16
.29

1.83
. 03
. 08
- 12
. 59
.55
. 10
.09
.27

1.67
.02
.04
.14
.65
.40
.10
.03
.30

1.90
.02
.03
.05
.62
.97
.03
.05
.14

1.93
.03
.03
.06
.66
.98
.03
. 02
. 12

2-16
.06
.04
.08
.64
1. 16
.05
.00
.12

2.25
.03
.30
.20
.42
.62
.11
.23
.34

1.90
.02
.20
.21
.41
.54
.11
. 14
.29

1.27
.01
. 10
.23
.24
.35
.08
.04
.22

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,phjsical scientists

. 13
.00
.12
.01
.00

. 14
. 01
. 12
.01
. 00

.13
.01
.10
.02
.01

.09
.01
.08
.00
.00

.08
.01
.07
.00
.00

.04
.01
.03
.00
.00

.12
.01
.08
.02
.01

.12
.01
.07
.03
.01

. 11
.02
.03
.04
.02

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.01
.01

. 01
. 01

.02
.02

.03
.03

.03
.03

.04
.04

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science teen

1.83
.02
1.28
.06
.07
.02
.38

1.69
. 02
1. 11
. 06
.09
. 03
.38

1.60
.03
1.11
.06
.07
.03
.29

1.11
.01
.69
.04
.10
.01
.27

1.03
.01
.59
.05
. 10
.01
.27

.93
.01
.58
.06
.05
.01
.22

3.04
.02
2.47
.06
.05
.03
.42

2.66
.02
2. 11
.05
.05
.02
.42

2.31
.01
1.94
.01
.01
.01
.33

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.06
.06

. 05
. 05

.03
.03

.08
.07

.08
.08

. 10
.10

.04
.03

.04
.03

. 03
.03

Technicians,except healtn
Airplane pilots
Tool prograirers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.03
.01
.01
.01

.04
.01
.01
. 02

.05
.01
.01
.03

.04
.00
.02
.02

.05
.00
.02
.03

.05
.00
.01
.04

.03
.00
.02
.01

.04
.00
.02
.02

.04
.00
.02
.03

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.21
.14
.05
.01

.27
. 17
. 08
. 02

.25
.15
.08
.02

.29
.18
.10
.02

.39
.20
. 14
.05

.34
. 18
.05

.20
.14
.05
.01

.27
.16
.08
.02

.23
. 14
.08
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.07
.07

. 12
. 12

.13
.13

.14
.14

.22
.22

.21
.21

.06
.06

.09
.09

. 09
.09

Teachers
Adult education

.02
.02

. 02
. 02

.01
-01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.26
.15
.01
.03
.02
.04
.01

. 31
. 18
. 01
. 04
.01
.05
. 02

.28
. 14
.01
.04
.02
.05
.02

.30
. 19
.03
.00
.00
.06
.01

.39
.25
.04
. 00
.00
. 09
.01

.45
.29
.05
.00
.00
. 10
-01

.23
.14
.00
.03
.01
.04
.01

.28
.17
.00
.03
.01
.06
.01

.27
. 14
.00
.01
.03
.07
.01

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1.42
.88
.01
.02
.17
.31
.04

1 62
.
.97
.01
. 03
.25
.34
. 03

1.25
.75
.00
.01
.22
.24
.02

1.50
.87
.00
.01
.20
.37
.05

1.74
1.00
.00
.01
.29
. 41
.04

1.42
.84
.00
.01
.25
.31
.02

1.44
.97
.02
.02
.12
.28
.03

1.66
1.14
.01
.04
.16
.29
.02

1.38
1.06
.00
.02
. 12
.17
.00

6.72

7.54

6.88

6.33

7. 42

8.00

7.79

9.02

8.88

1.34
.12
.07
.62
.54

1.34
. 12
.04
. 57
.60

1.47
.10
.04
.60
.74

1.56
.16
.09
.58
.72

1.55
. 16
.06
.53
.80

1.71
.14
.08
.54
.97

1.54
.14
.08
.74
.58

1.39
.12
.05
.62
.60

1.12
.06
. 06
.41
.58

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

Managers,officials,proprietors
Euyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail traae




64

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Fabricated
structural
metal

Cutlery
and other
hardware

Fabricated
metal
products
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, ether
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

5-38
.34
.01
5.03

6.21
. 37
. 01
5. 83

5.41
.42
.01
4.98

4.77
.28
.00
4.49

5.88
.29
.00
5.59

6.28
.30
.00
5.98

6.25
.39
.01
5.86

7.63
.40
.01
7.22

7.76
.37
. 02
7.37

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.76
.01
1.75

1 68
.
.01
1.67

1.49
.02
1.47

2.58
.01
2.57

2.83
.01
2.82

3.80
.01
3.79

1.94
.01
1.93

1.92
.01
1.91

1.79
.02
1.77

11.94

11.78

11.16

14.19

13.64

12.29

11.50

11.28

10.00

3.37
.01
.00
2.53
.09
.75

3. 30
.01
. 00
2.61
. 04
. 64

3.43
.01
.00
2.87
.01
.54

3.85
.01
.01
2.70
.10
1.03

3.51
.01
.01
2.64
.04
.82

2.86
.01
.01
2.35
.00
.48

3.23
.01
.00
2.57
.08
.57

3.23
.01
.00
2.68
.04
.51

3.51
.02
.00
3. 02
.01
.47

.67
.07
.03
.16
.02
.35
.01
.03

.73
. 04
.02
. 36
.02
.27
.00
.03

.51
.03
.02
.28
.02
. 14
.01
.02

1.06
.09
.06
.18
.03
.62
.02
.06

1.01
.04
.04
.38
.03
.46
.01
.05

.58
.02
.03
.26
.04
.20
.00
.03

.57
.06
.03
.14
.01
.30
.01
.02

.59
.02
.02
.30
.01
.22
.00
.02

.35
.01
.01
.23
.01
.08
.01
.01

7.90
.21
1.37
.02
.1 1
.00
.18
.02
.46
.71
.20
.08
.02
.52
.24
1.58
.22
.91
.13
.08
.85

7. 75
. 24
1.35
.02
. 13
.00
.20
.02
.53
. 76
. 16
. 08
.02
. 55
. 22
1.35
.25
. 81
.07
. 08
.90

7.22
.32
1.25
.03
.13
.00
.23
.02
.36
.83
.14
.08
.01
.42
.17
1.11
.26
.74
.03
.09
1.00

9.28
.28
1.37
.02
.11
.02
.31
.02
.18
.85
.33
.17
.03
.94
.34
2.11
.34
1.00
. 12
.08
.67

9. 12
. 31
1.33
.02
. 13
. 02
.33
.01
.20
.90
.26
. 16
.02
1.03
.31
2.05
.38
.83
.07
.07
.71

8.85
.40
1.12
.01
.15
.01
.36
.01
. 14
.99
. 16
. 15
.01
.89
.22
2.45
.35
.55
.02
.04
.81

7.69
.16
1.55
.01
.14
.00
.13
.03
.94
.65
.15
.06
.02
.39
.24
1.14
.20
.65
.10
.06
1.08

7.46
.17
1.53
.01
.16
.00
.13
.03
1.01
.61
.13
.06
.02
.44
.20
1.08
.22
.48
.06
.06
1.07

6. 15
.21
1.47
.03
. 13
.00
.13
.03
.50
.40
.11
.05
.01
.41
.10
1. 14
.17
. 19
.02
.05
1.02

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkee pers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers

23.98

23. 23

23.68

2 1.26

22.30

27.14

26.94

26.01

27.98

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers

3.15
.35
.13
.06
.65
.05
.36
.35
.01
1.20

2.74
. 36
. 11
.06
. 63
. 04
.35
.29
. 01
. 89

2.53
.35
.09
.10
.54
.05
.30
.28
.01
.81

1.36
.29
.03
.00
.46
.04
.27
. 18
.00
.10

1.29
.30
.02
.00
.47
.04
.25
. 16
.00
.07

1.17
.28
.01
.00
.48
.06
.17
. 14
.00
.04

6.02
.63
.11
.05
.56
.04
.50
.47
.03
3.63

4.96
.70
.08
.04
.61
.03
.40
.48
.03
2.59

4. 43
.78
.02
.02
.75
.01
. 15
.62
.01
2.06

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.92

5. 13

4.67

4.30

4.90

5.63

5.02

5.86

6.98

11.21
.03
.51
.28
.43
1.99
2.61
.34
.38
.18
.32
2.01
2. 16

10.26
. 02
.54
. 25
.43
1.76
2.54
.34
. 34
. 13
.33
1. 80
1.80

10.20
.01
.78
.19
.40
1.86
2-25
.29
.30
.11
.34
1.97
1.73

12. 14
.03
.03
.67
.96
2.52
3.02
.21
.37
.14
.56
.12
3.50

12.27
.03
.04
.71
1.02
2. 17
3.62
.22
.34
. 12
.58
.08
3.37

15.89
.02
.06
.81
1.24
1.99
5.66
.17
.30
. 16
.62
.03
4.83

11.22
.04
1.55
.09
.07
.52
1.60
.25
.31
.24
.36
5.74
.47

10.54
.03
1.60
.09
.08
.40
1.73
.32
.30
.18
.34
5-05
.43

11.27
.00
2.06
. 10
. 10
.23
1.95
.47
.34
. 15
.24
5. 12
.51

Crafts

and

kindred

workers

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Molders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices




65

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Fabricated
metal
products

Cutlery
and other
hardware

Fabricated
structural
metal

1970

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

2.84
.08
.01
.02
.15
.01
2.21
.06
.02
.01
.28

3. 46
.09
. 02
. 01
. 14
. 02
2.82
. 06
. 01
.01
. 28

4.53
.06
.03
.02
.13
.03
4.01
.04
.01
.01
.20

2.54
.02
.02
.00
.07
.00
1.56
.00
.01
.00
.85

2.88
.04
. 03
.00
.06
.00
1.95
. 00
.01
.00
.79

3.20
.04
.06
.00
.05
.00
2.63
.00
.01
.00
.41

1.91
.13
.01
.01
. 14
.01
1.26
.17
.01
.02
.17

2.12
. 12
.02
.01
.11
.01
1.53
.15
.01
.02
.15

2. 11
. 04
.04
.02
.04
-02
1.79
.07
.02
. 02
.07

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.39
.09
.09
.07
.14

.37
.08
. 08
-05
.15

.26
.07
.04
.02
.13

.24
.09
.06
.01
.07

.30
. 13
.07
.01
.08

.46
.24
.09
.01
.12

.08
.04
.00
.00
.04

.10
.05
.00
.00
.05

. 15
.08
.00
.00
.07

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.03
.00
.01
.01
.01

. 04
. 00
.01
. 01
.01

.05
.01
.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.01
. 00
.01
. 00

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.05
.00
.02
.02
.02

.07
.00
.03
.02
.02

.10
.00
. 05
. 03
.01

1.42
.01
.04
.90
.04
.12
.01
.01
. 14
.02
.13

1 23
.
. 01
. 04
. 77
. 04
. 13
.01
. 01
. 08
. 01
. 12

1.44
.01
.05
1.06
.02
.15
.01
.02
.01
.02
.09

.67
.00
.13
.20
.00
.09
.00
.01
.16
.00
.08

.65
.00
. 17
. 18
.00
.12
.00
.01
. 11
.00
.07

.77
.00
.27
.28
.00
.15
.00
.01
.03
.00
.04

2.63
.01
.04
1-85
.11
.19
.03
.01
.16
.00
.23

2.36
.01
.04
1-65
.10
.24
.02
.01
.08
.00
.19

2.95
.02
.03
2.42
.05
.31
.01
.02
.01
.00
.08

42.41

42. 86

45.09

44.30

42.30

38.33

38.26

39.38

42.04

Operatives,except transport

39.60

39.87

41.47

42.76

40.53

35.96

35.65

36.48

37.93

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltcs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

16.52
.76
.52
1.31
.04
1.10
1.15
.90
4.31
.1 1
6.34

15.76
.55
.54
1.05
. 03
. 81
1. 19
. 71
3.79
. 09
7. 02

16.91
.36
.56
.77
.03
.74
.98
.67
3.76
.03
9.02

13.85
1.30
.40
3.00
.04
1.46
.86
.86
4. 19
.08
1.67

11.23
. 85
.42
2.37
.05
1.01
.73
.63
3.26
.06
1.85

7.99
.32
.47
1.68
.06
.69
.26
.46
1.69
.01
2.35

18.09
.60
.47
.82
.04
.55
.05
.19
2.42
.07
12.89

18.40
.36
.50
.60
.04
.35
.04
.13
1.72
.04
14.63

20.98
. 15
.59
.29
.05
. 15
.01
.05
.58
.00
19. 10

4.93
3.27
.12
1.54

4. 54
3. 11
. 09
1.34

3.87
2.75
.04
1.09

7.37
3.41
.09
3.86

7.20
3.28
.11
3.81

7.50
2.95
.17
4.38

2.07
1.38
.02
.68

2.21
1.51
-02
.68

2. 74
1.91
.01
. 83

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Ship!itters
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




66

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Fabricated
structural
metal

Cutlery
and other
hardware

Fabricated
metal
products
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

18.15
.01
4.67
1.25
.09
1.50
.10
.10
1.43
.06
.18
.20
.05
.10
.19
5.17
3.04

19.57
.01
5.24
1.33
.08
1. 46
.11
.09
1. 28
.07
. 18
.22
. 05
.06
.20
5. 74
3.45

20.68
.01
6.18
1.41
.05
1.37
.14
.07
1.39
.08
.20
.28
.07
.03
.22
6.02
3. 16

21.54
.00
7.99
.01
.23
3.68
.04
.10
.97
-01
.33
.13
.07
.09
.12
4.96
2.80

22. 11
.00
8.90
.01
.18
3. 13
.05
. 11
.80
.01
.34
. 14
.05
.07
. 11
5.20
2.99

20.48
.00
10.44
.01
.07
1.69
.05
. 17
.63
.01
.36
. 16
.05
. 10
.10
4.50
2.15

15.48
.02
4.20
1.86
.13
.47
.04
.07
1.47
.14
.17
.53
.05
.09
.07
3.15
3.03

15.88
.02
4.86
1.85
.09
.38
.04
.07
1.18
.15
.16
.58
.04
.06
.06
3.30
3.04

14.21
.02
6. 18
1.52
.02
.16
.03
.09
.77
. 18
. 10
.70
.06
.04
.02
2.70
1.63

2.81
.21
1.42
.00
.01
.01
.04
1.12

2.99
. 19
1.77
.00
. 01
. 01
. 02
.98

3.62
.21
2.15
.01
.01
.02
.01
1.22

1.54
. 14
.84
.00
.00
.00
.00
.56

1.77
. 14
1.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.62

2.37
. 19
1.12
.00
.00
.00
.00
1.06

2.61
.24
.74
.01
.03
.03
.04
1.53

2.90
.24
.87
.01
.03
.04
.03
1.68

4. 12
.36
.89
.02
.02
.06
.01
2.76

1.76

1.58

1.10

1.84

1.66

1.14

1.45

1.17

.50

1.29
.20
1.09

1. 18
. 18
1 00
.

.87
.10
.77

1.28
.16
1.11

1. 14
. 14
1.00

.73
.06
.67

1.07
.18
.89

.84
.15
.70

.30
.04
.25

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.05
.02
.01
.01

. 04
.01
.01
.01

.04
.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

-01
.01
.00
.00

.04
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.01
.01
.01

. 01
. 00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

Personal service workers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators

.03
.01
.02

.02
.00
. 02

.02
.00
.01

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.03
.01
.02

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.38
.01
.37
.01

.33
.01
.31
.01

.16
.02
.14
.01

.50
.02
.48
.01

.48
.02
.45
.00

.36
.04
.32
.00

.31
.01
.30
.01

.26
.01
.25
.01

.13
.01
. 10
.01

5.44
.05
.23
1.89
.02
.39
.01
.26
.15
2.44

5. 23
.05
. 19
1 97
.
.02
. 42
.01
.27
. 13
2. 18

5.20
.07
.12
2.27
.02
.35
.01
.23
.10
2.03

4.03
.01
. 18
1.90
.03
.70
.01
.24
.07
.89

3.90
.01
. 14
1.93
.04
.69
.01
.22
.06
.80

3.60
.01
.06
2.12
.05
.41
.01
.12
.05
.77

4.70
.10
.37
1.55
.04
.16
.00
.08
. 14
2.26

4. 14
.09
.29
1.49
.04
.13
.00
.07
. 15
1.88

3.07
. 16
.11
1.28
.02
. 04
.00
.02
. 18
1.27

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
fiiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
binding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Fail vehicle operators, other
Eailroad brake operators
fiailroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




67

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Screw
machine
products
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Metal
stamping
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
4.84

5. 16

1.74
.01
.01
.03
.61
.63
.15
.13
.19

1.73
. 01
.00
. 03
.75
. 52
. 16
. 06
.20

Life and physical scientists
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

.14
.14
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

4.58

4.76

4.14

5.82

6.04

5.72

1.83
.01
.00
.06
1.01
.26
.20
.01
.29

1.61
.03
.02
.07
.54
.54
.11
.09
.21

1.58
.03
.01
.07
.65
.44
. 12
.04
. 22

1.62
.03
.01
.07
.85
.23
. 14
.00
.30

1.94
.04
.06
.12
.55
.59
.08
.16
.34

1.87
.03
.03
.11
.68
.48
.09
.11
.35

1. 97
.01
.01
.08
.99
.26
.10
.05
.47

. 15
. 15
.00

.17
.17
.00

.05
.05
.00

. 06
.06
.00

.06
.06
.00

.20
.20
.01

.21
.20
.01

.22
.21
.01

.01
.01

. 01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science teca

1.08
.02
.52
.05
.08
.05
.36

1. 08
.02
. 44
. 06
. 13
. 07
.36

1.06
.01
-41
.08
.20
.10
.27

.94
.00
.64
.02
.09
.02
.17

.89
.00
.54
.03
. 13
.03
.18

.86
.00
.47
.04
. 16
.05
. 15

1.54
.04
.84
.08
.08
-02
.48

1.48
.05
.73
.11
. 10
.03
.47

1.49
.08
.77
. 14
.09
. 05
. 36

Medical workers,ere technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.03
.00
.03

.03
. 00
.03

.01
.00
.01

.09
.01
.09

.07
.01
.06

.03
.02
.02

.07
.00
.07

.05
.00
.05

.01
.00
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except healta

.01
.01
.01
.00

. 02
.01
. 01
.00

.02
.01
.01
.00

.03
-.03
.00
.00

.04
.03
.00
.00

.03
.03
.00
.00

.04
.01
.01
.02

.05
.02
.01
.02

.07
.02
.02
. 04

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.19
. 11
.07
.01

.25
. 14
. 10
. 01

.22
.12
.09
.01

.18
.14
.03
.01

.23
.17
.05
.01

.23
.16
.06
.01

.20
.14
.05
.01

.26
.17
.07
.02

.25
. 17
.07
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.06
.06

.11
. 11

.16
.16

.06
.06

.09
.09

.09
. 09

.07
.07

.13
.13

. 15
. 15

Teachers
Adult education

.02
.02

.02
. 02

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.18
. 11
.00
.00
.00
.02
.04

. 19
. 11
. 00
.00
.00
. 02
. 06

.10
.05
.00
.00
.00
.01
.05

.20
.15
-02
.00
-02
.01
.01

.23
. 17
.02
.00
.01
.02
.02

. 17
- 12
.01
.00
.01
.01
.02

.32
.16
.02
.06
.03
.03
.02

.38
. 17
.02
.10
.02
.04
.03

.33
. 11
.01
. 12
.01
.05
.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1.38
.81
.05
.19
.31
.03

1. 58
.87
. 06
.29
.33
.03

1.08
.53
.00
.30
.22
.04

1.38
.88
.01
- 16
.32
.01

1.54
.93
.02
.24
.34
.01

1.00
.53
.01
.24
.22
.00

1.42
.80
.01
.21
.33
.06

1.59
.83
.02
.31
.37
.05

1.19
.48
.02
.31
.33
.05

6.74

7.97

8.14

5.48

5.84

4.08

6.47

6.86

5.10

1.39
.11
.04
.78
.46

1 52
.
. 12
.03
. 80
. 57

2.19
.13
.04
1.16
.87

1. 16
.10
.06
.62
.37

1. 13
. 10
.04
.59
.41

1.26
.08
.03
.68
.47

1.18
.11
.05
.49
.53

1.26
.11
.03
.49
.64

1.79
. 12
.01
.70
.96

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industr ial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors
Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade




4.66

1970

Misc
fabricated
metal

68

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Screw
machine
product s

Metal
stamping

Misc
fabricated
metal

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

5.35
.48
.01
4.86

6. 45
• 55
. 01
5. 89

5.95
.72
.01
5.22

4.32
.29
.01
4.03

4.71
.32
.01
4.37

2.82
.41
.01
2.40

5.29
.32
.00
4.97

5.60
.36
.00
5.24

3.31
.46
.00
2.85

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

2.02
.00
2.02

1 95
.
. 00
1 95
.

1.59
.00
1.59

1.07
.01
1.06

.82
.01
.80

.23
.01
.22

1.60
.01
1.59

1.39
-02
1.37

.78
.02
.76

14.57

14. 47

14.13

9.93

9.90

9.45

12.04

11.95

12. 45

4.05
.00
2.89
.07
1.10

4. 00
• 00
3. 02
.03
*95

4.06
.00
3.29
.00
.78

2.69
.00
1.97
.09
.64

2.60
.00
2.02
.04
.55

2.51
.00
2.07
.00
.44

3.53
.01
2.63
.10
.79

3.48
.01
2.74
.04
.70

3.92
.01
3.24
.01
.66

91

.54
.04
.02
.18
.01
.26
.01
.03

.72
.02
.01
.41
.01
.23
.00
.03

.64
.03
.01
.34
.01
.21
.00
.04

.66
.08
.03
.17
.03
.32
.01
.02

.74
.05
.03
.37
.03
.24
.00
.02

.59
.06
.03
.31
.03
. 12
.01
.02

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers#starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors
Hetalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Molders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices




.88
.09
.04
.17
.03
.47
-05
.03

.38
03
.36
.01
* 04

.73
.08
.05
.32
.05
.19
.00
.05

9.64
.26
1.42
.00
.14
.25
.00
.29
.99
.36
.00
.07
.02
.42
.26
2.23
.20
1.28
.17
.29
1.00

9. 57
• 28
1 41
.
• 00
• 17
• 29
• 00
•37
1. 11
.31
•00
.08
•02
•44
•27
1 84
.
.24
1. 20
- 10
•33
1 13
.

9.34
.32
1.22
.00
.20
.38
.00
.38
1.37
.31
.00
.12
.01
.26
.28
1.04
.30
1.27
.03
-42
1.45

6.70
.14
1.04
.02
.05
.12
.00
.25
.73
. 14
.00
.05
.00
.54
.24
1.50
.19
1.01
.15
.03
.50

6.58
. 17
1.01
.02
.06
. 14
.00
.32
.83
. 12
.00
.05
.00
.54
.24
1.21
.22
.98
.08
.04
.55

6.29
.24
.83
.04
.05
.19
.00
.30
1.06
.11
.00
.05
.00
.32
.24
.67
.25
1. 17
.03
.06
.68

7.85
.26
1.35
.04
.11
.20
.02
.24
.65
.19
.01
.10
.02
.51
.20
1.69
.22
1.00
.13
.08
.83

7.73
.30
1.32
.05
.13
.22
.02
.30
.76
.16
.01
.10
.02
.51
. 19
1.34
.26
.96
.07
.09
.91

7.95
.46
1.27
.06
. 14
.31
.03
.29
1.08
. 14
.01
. 11
.01
. 33
. 18
.75
.31
1.17
.03
. 13
1.14

28. 53 i
27.60

25.52

24.07

21.63

20.32

19.30

17.01

28.60

• 06
• 03
•

.81
.06
.03
.05
.49
.01
.08
.08
.02
.00

70
.04
•02
.05
•43
.01
. 10
• 04
• 01
• 00

.49
.01
.00
.11
.20
.01
.15
.00
.01
.00

2.15
.37
.07
.04
.93
.04
.33
.29
.08
.01

1.97
.30
.07
.05
.89
.04
.36
.20
.06
.01

1.55
.09
.07
.10
.61
.07
.45
.06
.09
.01

2.11
.17
.22
.09
.70
.07
.35
.39
.12
.00

1.87
.13
.22
.11
.62
.07
.38
.26
.09
.00

1.62
.04
.24
.23
.34
. 10
.50
.08
.10
.00

4.94

5. 30

4.52

5.17

5. 06

3.06

4.90

4.49

2.22

19.93
.01
.02
.94
3. 15
6.37
5.99
.25
.10
.02
.24
.08
2.76

19. 15
• 01
• 02
• 79
3. 14
5. 85
6. 35
• 24
. 09
. 02
. 27
• 05
2. 33

18.43
.00
.01
.34
2.74
6.50
6.30
.13
•06
.01
.37
.01
1.97

13.82
.00
.01
.15
.13
3.28
2.27
.50
.19
.21
.25
.47
6.35

11.98
.00
.01
. 12
. 13
3.11
1.99
.46
. 16
. 15
.28
.34
5.23

10.08
.00
.01
.04
.11
3.88
.95
.22
.11
. 10
.38
. 15
4. 14

7.65
.02
.06
.25
.12
1.55
2.82
.39
.60
.16
.25
.38
1.05

6.57
.01
.05
.20
.12
1.44
2.40
.36
.51
.11
.26
.28
.84

4.80
.00
.03
.09
.10
1.83
1.06
. 17
.39
.06
.32
. 13
.63

69

Sable 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Screw
machine
products

Metal
stamping

Misc
fabricated
metal

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, beating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

2.38
.00
.02
.00
.08
.00
2.21
.00
.00
.00
.07

2.98
. 00
.02
.00
.08
. 00
2. 82
.00
.00
.00
. 08

3.94
.00
.01
.00
.07
.00
3.81
.00
.00
.00
.06

3.03
.02
.01
.02
.27
.01
2.46
.01
.01
-01
.21

3.94
.03
.01
.02
. 28
.02
3.32
.02
.01
.00
.23

6. 16
.02
.04
.01
.37
.03
5.39
.03
.03
.00
.24

3.82
.10
.02
.04
.14
.02
3.16
.02
.01
.03
.28

4.86
.13
.02
.03
. 14
.03
4. 17
.03
.01
.02
.30

7.43
. 13
.01
.03
. 16
.05
6.73
.03
.01
.00
.27

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.08
.04
.01
.00
.03

.07
. 03
. 01
.00
. 03

.02
.01
.01
.00
.01

.32
.07
.03
.04
.18

.31
.05
.03
. 04
.19

.21
.00
.02
-03
. 16

.84
.14
.24
.18
-27

.75
.11
.21
.14
.29

.38
.03
.09
.04
.22

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.03
.01
.00
.02

.03
.01
.00
.02

.04
.02
.00
.02

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

.46
.01
.00
.26
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.10
.00
.00
.05

.33
.01
. 00
. 18
. 00
.00
.03
.00
. 00
.05
. 00
.00
. 06

.20
.01
.00
.11
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.08

1.01
.00
.04
.55
.00
.01
.09
.00
.01
.15
.00
.00
.15

.80
.00
.04
.41
.00
.01
.07
.00
.01
.09
.00
.00
. 17

.56
.00
.03
.27
.00
.01
.02
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.22

.97
.01
.02
.58
.01
.00
.08
.01
.01
.13
.01
.05
.07

.74
.01
.02
.41
.01
.00
.08
.01
.01
.06
.01
.03
.07

.52
.02
.01
.26
.02
.00
.03
.03
.02
.01
.02
.05
.07

36.86

35. 53

37.23

45.80

46.90

51.87

45.18

46.08

49.82

Operatives,except transport

35.15

33.81

35.35

42.62

43.38

47.89

41.73

42.57

46. 13

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

17.85
1.84
.57
2.33
-06
2.45
.76
7.16
2.08
.03
.59

15. 56
1.52
. 59
1.95
. 04
1.96
.85
6. 00
2. 04
.02
.59

16.54
1.44
.61
1.65
.01
2.25
.89
6.64
2.55
.01
.51

20.30
.49
.28
.67
.03
.72
.30
.32
11.95
.10
5.45

19.59
.40
.28
.58
.02
.57
.33
.27
11.57
.09
5.47

21.59
.37
.26
.58
.02
.65
.33
-33
14.22
.05
4.79

13.76
.62
.72
1.30
.03
1.38
2.76
.46
2.78
.17
3.54

12.99
.48
.72
1.06
.02
1.07
2.96
.39
2.66
.14
3.48

13.04
.40
.73
.92
.01
1.23
2. 89
.48
3.32
.07
3. 00

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

6.6 6
4.77
.45
1.44

6. 02
4. 57
. 34
1. 12

4.27
3.75
.08
.44

5.62
4.04
.11
1.47

5.04
3.83
.08
1. 13

3.62
3.15
.02
.45

6.05
4.25
.15
1.65

5.33
3.97
.11
1.26

3.85
3.31
.03
.52

Operatives




70

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
fabricated
metal

Metal
stamping

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

10.64
.00
1.64
1.02
.22
.00
.47
.00
.01
.01
.11
.19
.00
.37
.04
.04
.08
.09
4.01
2.34

12.23
. 00
1.82
1.20
.23
.00
. 53
.00
.01
.01
.07
. 18
.00
.42
.03
. 04
.04
. 11
4. 60
2. 94

14.53
.00
1.99
1.68
.28
.00
.74
.00
.01
.01
-01
.25
.00
.59
.01
.08
.01
.15
5.21
3.53

16.70
.00
4.13
.96
.07
.00
1.47
.00
.00
.17
. 17
1.51
.00
.16
.12
.00
.11
.22
5.16
2.45

18.74
.00
4. 53
1.11
.07
.00
1.58
. 00
.00
.20
. 13
1.48
.00
- 19
. 09
.00
. 06
.25
6.06
3.01

22.68
.00
4.93
1.49
.09
.00
2.03
.00
.00
.29
.04
2.11
.00
.26
.02
.00
.02
.32
7.53
3-56

21.92
.01
4.97
1.29
.00
.02
1.99
.01
.00
.15
.10
1.77
.06
.09
.00
.08
.11
.33
7.36
3.58

24.26
.01
5.38
1.41
.00
.02
2.07
.01
.00
. 17
.07
1.69
.05
.10
.00
.08
.06
.37
8.41
4.34

29.24
.02
5.94
1.75
.00
.01
2.57
.01
.00
. 25
.02
2.37
.04
. 15
.00
. 14
. 02
.49
10.25
5.23

1.71
.18
.91
.00
.63

1. 72
. 15
1. 20
. 00
.37

1.89
.10
1.68
.00
.11

3.18
.11
2.18
.00
.89

3.52
.09
2.84
. 00
.60

3.98
.06
3.79
.00
.13

3.45
.27
1.97
.07
1.14

3.51
.22
2.52
.04
.73

3.68
. 15
3.40
.00
.14

1.74

1.60

1.14

1.94

1. 86

1.67

1.93

1.81

1.54

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.24
.26
.99

1.20
.25
. 95

.98
.16
.81

1.36
.22
1.14

1.38
.21
1.18

1.46
. 12
1.34

1.48
.21
1.27

1.43
.21
1.22

1.32
. 17
1. 15

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.03
.00
.00
-00
.03

. 02
.00
.00
. 00
. 02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.04
.02
.00
.00
.02

.03
.02
.00
.00
.02

.04
.01
.00
.00
.03

.07
.03
.03
.01
.01

.06
.02
.03
.01
.01

. 06
.01
. 03
.01
.02

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.05
.03
.02

.04
. 02
. 02

.03
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

. 00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators

.04
.02
.02

.03
. 01
.02

.02
.01
.01

.06
.01
.05

.04
.01
.03

.02
.01
.01

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

Protective service workers
Firef ighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.38
.00
.38
.00

.31
. 00
.31
.00

.11
.00
.11
•
©
©

Screw
machine
products

.49
.02
.46
.00

. 40
.02
. 39
.00

. 16
.01
. 15
.00

.36
.01
.35
.01

.30
.01
.29
.01

. 14
.01
. 12
-01

4.63
.00
.02
.89
.02
.64
.01
.45
.10
2.50

4.78
. 00
. 01
.98
.03
.75
.01
.50
. 08
2. 42

5.50
.00
.01
1.32
.05
.80
.01
.53
.03
2.76

5.67
.00
.13
2.22
.02
.61
.02
.30
.06
2.31

5.85
.00
. 12
2.42
.02
.71
.02
.34
.05
2. 18

6.94
.00
. 12
3.22
.03
.75
.01
.35
.02
2.43

6.66
.05
.21
2.27
.00
.35
.01
.36
.23
3.17

6.57
.04
.19
2.43
.00
.40
.01
.39
.18
2.91

7. 60
.05
. 17
3.28
.00
'.43
.01
.40
.08
3. 18

ether operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Eiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




71

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Machinery
except
electrical
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Engines
and
turbines
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Farm
machinery,
equipment
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

12.54

13. 43

13.46

12.96

13. 15

11.73

7.88

8.20

7.66

4.64
.01
.06
.05
.82
.80
1.76
.06
.01
.28
.81

4. 40
. 01
.05
. 03
.81
. 86
1.66
. 06
.01
. 19
.73

4.38
.01
.02
.01
.87
.89
1.62
.07
.01
.12
.76

5.65
.10
.05
.05
.62
1.01
2.30
.18
.00
.17
1.18

5.22
.09
.03
.03
.58
1.07
2. 13
.20
. 00
.06
1.04

4.57
.05
.00
.00
.50
1.00
1.87
.24
.00
.00
.90

3.04
.00
.00
.04
.19
.85
1.13
.07
.00
.06
.70

2.81
.00
.00
.04
.18
.82
1.06
.07
.00
.04
.60

2. 35
.00
.00
.05
. 19
.50
1.03
.05
. 00
.04
.50

Life and physical scientists
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

. 15
.00
.11
.03

. 15
. 00
. 11
-03

.15
.01
.11
.03

.23
.00
.20
.03

.24
.00
.20
.03

.26
.00
.21
.05

.08
.00
.08
.00

.07
.00
.07
.00

.06
.00
.04
.01

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.03
.01
.02

.03
. 01
.02

.04
.01
.03

.03
.00
.03

.03
.00
.03

.05
.00
.05

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

3.02
.00
.03
1.73
.54
. 10
.00
.51

3. 00
.00
. 04
1.48
.68
. 15
. 12
. 00
. 53

3.38
.01
.06
1.45
.99
.20
.15
.00
.52

3.29
.00
.02
1.89
.23
.13
.13
.01
.89

3. 19
.00
.02
1.60
.30
. 19
. 17
.01
.91

3.28
.00
.02
1.50
.46
.27
.23
.01
.80

1.62
.01
.02
1.05
.05
.12
.04
.00
.32

1.59
.01
.02
.99
.05
.13
.05
.00
.34

1.90
.02
.02
1. 30
.04
. 07
.09
.00
.36

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.08
.01
.07

. 06
.00
. 05

.02
.00
.02

.14
.01
.12

.11
.01
. 10

.05
.00
.05

.10
.00
.09

.10
.00
.10

. 12
.00
. 12

Health technologists,technicians
Other aealth technicians

.01
.00

.01
. 00

.01
.00

.01
.01

. 02
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

. 00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.10
.02
.05
.03

. 13
.02
. 06
.05

.19
.02
.09
.08

.15
.05
.06
.04

. 19
.05
.07
.07

.21
.04
.07
.10

.04
.02
.00
.01

.06
.04
.00
.01

.09
.08
. 00
.01

1.53
.86
.58
.09

2. 11
1. 05
. 89
. 17

2.20
1.10
.97
.13

.58
.36
.21
.01

.76
.42
.32
.02

.72
.40
.30
.02

.50
.33
.15
.02

.62
.38
.21
.03

.51
.33
. 17
. 02

Social scientists
Economists

.20
.19

.34
.34

.46
.46

.17
.17

.29
.29

.35
.35

.18
.18

.28
.28

.25
.25

Teachers
Adult education

.08
.08

. 10
. 10

.11

.10

.04
.04

.05
.05

.05
.05

.03
.03

.03
.03

.02
.02

writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.79
.07
.42
.06
.01
.04
.07
.12

.90
.08
. 47
.06
. 02
. 03
.09
. 16

.69
.04
.34
.05
.02
.01
.08
.16

.85
.08
.41
.05
.04
.06
.07
.15

.93
. 08
.46
. 04
.06
.03
.08
.18

.60
.03
.30
.01
.07
.00
.06
.12

.52
.03
.27
.07
.00
.02
.07
.07

.59
.05
.30
.07
.00
.02
.08
.07

.58
. 11
.20
. 14
.00
.02
.07
.04

Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,hiolgcl,exc aealth
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists




.11

72

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Farm
machinery,
equipment

Engines
and
turbines

Machinery
except
electrical
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1,93
1.05
.01
.05
.02
.32
.41
.08

2.21
1. 13
. 01
.06
.02
.48
.43
. 07

1.83
.9 1
.01
.02
.01
.49
.31
.07

1.82
.85
.01
.03
.02
.46
.39
.07

2. 12
.90
.01
.04
.02
.70
.41
.06

1.59
.56
.01
.01
.01
.69
.27
.06

1.76
.97
.02
.05
.00
.29
.40
.04

2.03
1.08
.01
.10
.00
.39
.43
.03

1.78
1.08
.00
.07
. 00
.29
.31
.02

7.08

7. 83

7.03

4.20

4.45

3.57

5.84

6.59

6.35

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.60
.17
.06
.74
.64

1.65
. 17
.03
.71
.73

2.16
.17
.03
.94
1.04

1.17
. 14
.03
.73
.27

1.20
. 14
.02
.72
.32

1.56
. 11
.03
.95
.47

1.59
.19
.12
.62
.65

1.43
.18
.06
.52
.67

1. 14
. 10
.02
.36
.66

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Hesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

5.48
.00
.28
.01
5.19

6. 18
. 00
.31
. 01
5. 86

4.87
.01
.41
.01
4.45

3.03
.00
.10
.01
2.91

3. 25
.00
. 11
.01
3. 13

2.01
.00
. 15
.01
1.85

4.25
.01
.17
.00
4.08

5.17
.01
. 18
.00
4.98

5.20
.01
. 18
. 00
5.01

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

2.03
.01
2.02

1. 82
.02
1 81
.

1.44
.03
1.41

.74
.01
.72

.56
. 02
.55

.17
.01
. 16

2.06
.02
2.05

2.23
.03
2.20

2.89
.07
2.82

13.82

13. 99

14.58

12.82

13.04

13.54

13.87

13.17

11.39

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

4.27
.01
3.23
. 12
.91

4. 13
.01
3.30
. 06
.76

4.45
.02
3.77
.01
.65

3.33
.00
2.13
.22
.98

3. 15
. 00
2-20
. 12
. 84

3.14
.00
2.43
.03
.69

3.60
.03
2.55
.18
.83

3.42
.03
2.60
.10
.68

3.45
.06
2. 80
.03
. 57

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.1 1
.05
.03
.39
.04
.52
.02
.06

1.44
.03
.03
. 87
. 03
.42
.01
. 05

1.26
.04
.03
.82
.04
.28
.00
.04

1.00
.03
.05
.26
.06
.57
.01
.04

1. 16
.02
.04
.56
.06
.45
.01
.04

.92
.04
.04
.44
. 10
.26
.00
.04

1.21
.06
.02
.31
.02
.74
.02
.04

1.30
.02
.02
.65
.02
.54
.01
.04

.79
. 03
.01
.47
.01
.23
.00
.04

8.45
.17
1.28
.04
.13
.01
.23
.02
.29
1.08
.28
.02
. 12
.02
.48
.2 1
1.14
.33
1.45
.13
.02
1.02

8.43
. 19
1.23
.04
. 16
.01
. 26
.02
.36
1.22
.24
. 02
. 12
.02
. 49
.20
.95
.38
1 34
.
.08
. 02
1. 10

8.87
.27
1.08
.04
.19
.0 1
.34
.02
.33
1.66
.25
.01
.14
.01
.35
.19
.66
.43
1.48
.04
.02
1.36

8.49
.14
.65
.02
.14
.01
.23
.02
.26
1.55
.34
.01
.10
.01
.52
. 16
.87
.47
1.64
.09
.01
1.28

8.72
. 17
.63
.02
. 16
.01
.26
.03
.32
1.75
.29
.01
. 10
.01
.54
. 16
.71
.56
1.54
-05
.00
1.41

9.48
.26
.57
.01
.18
.00
. 35
.07
.30
2.27
.28
.01
.10
.01
.36
. 16
.42
.68
1.68
.01
.00
1.76

9.06
.22
1.32
.05
.18
.04
.18
.04
.21
1.05
.23
.02
. 16
.02
.55
.24
1.40
.31
1.80
.10
.03
.95

8.45
.23
1.35
-04
.20
.03
.18
.03
.22
.97
.20
.02
. 15
.02
.61
.19
1.33
. 34
1.33
.06
.02
.94

7. 15
.23
1.43
.01
. 16
.01
. 16
.01
. 12
.62
.22
.01
. 14
.02
.58
.08
1.51
.32
.55
.06
.02
.92

23.70

22.79

22.61

22.07

20.21

20.30

20.83

22.07

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, till and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
fiecepticnists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




20.81

73

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Engines
and
turbines

Machinery
except
electrical

Farm
machinery,
equipment

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers

1-73
.26
-03
.04
.72
.04
.01
.28
.29
.00
.06

1. 56
.22
.03
.05
. 66
.04
. 00
.29
.22
. 00
. 05

1.19
.09
.03
.10
.39
.07
.00
.35
. 10
.00
.06

2.40
.45
.07
.02
.80
.06
.01
.28
.61
.00
.10

2. 12
.37
. 06
. 04
.75
. 06
.01
.30
.44
.00
.08

1.59
.13
.06
. 11
.53
.07
.00
.39
.17
.00
. 13

2.27
.31
.02
.20
.64
.02
.00
.76
.29
.01
.03

2.11
.35
.01
. 17
.65
.01
.00
.59
.30
.01
.02

1.93
.44
.01
.17
.66
.01
.00
.22
.43
.01
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

3.47

3. 49

2.51

4.39

4.31

2.71

4.72

5.25

5.60

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meed
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Molders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

13.28
.02
.03
.29

9.62
.01
.01
.13

1.15
6.83
.3 1
.50
.36
.02
.48
3.18

11.93
. 02
.02
.25
.11
1.04
6. 50
.29
.44
.25
.02
. 36
2. 63

1.24
4.71
.17
.40
.18
.03
.20
2.44

9.41
.01
.06
.37
.06
1.30
5.10
.39
.20
.20
.02
.36
1.35

8.35
.01
. 04
.31
.06
1.23
4.63
.36
.17
. 15
.03
.27
1. 10

5.89
.00
.01
. 14
.06
1.57
2.61
.18
. 11
.11
.07
. 14
.88

8.02
.07
.01
.38
.21
1.12
3.59
.36
.45
.26
.02
.42
1.14

7.74
.05
.01
.38
.21
.86
3.90
.41
.30
.17
.02
.36
1.07

8.28
.02
.02
.36
. 18
.50
4.69
.48
.25
.20
.01
.36
1.22

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig rnech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Hadio, television repairers
Hailroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

4.09
.20
.02
.01
.23
.41
.03
2.52
.03
.33
.03
.00
.29

4. 88
.26
.02
. 01
.23
. 53
. 04
3. 26
. 04
. 18
.02
. 01
.30

6.78
.23
.02
.01
.26
.82
.05
4.83
.05
.19
.01
.01
.31

4.53
.08
.13
.00
.35
.01
.00
3.25
.02
.00
.04
.00
.65

5.73
.10
. 10
.00
. 36
.01
.00
4.36
. 04
.00
.02
.00
.73

8.68
. 10
.05
.00
.47
.03
.00
7.13
.06
.00
.01
.00
.84

4.26
.03
.01
.01
.39
.02
.30
3.15
.00
.00
.04
.00
.31

4.82
.05
.02
.01
.32
.02
.31
3.80
.00
.00
.04
.00
.26

5.24
.05
.08
.01
. 17
.02
.31
4. 47
.00
.00
.05
.00
. 08

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.18
.06
.04
.01
.06

. 15
. 05
. 03
.01
. 06

.08
.02
.02
.00
.04

.11
.05
.00
.01
.05

. 11
.03
.00
.01
.06

.05
.00
.00
.00
.05

.10
.07
.00
.01
.03

.12
.09
.00
.00
.02

.15
. 15
.00
.00
. 00

Transport,public util craft wxrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.02
.0 1
.01

. 02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.03
.02
.01

-03
.02
.01

. 02
.02
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

.92
.00
.02
.54
.00
.06
.17
. 11

.76
. 00
. 02
.42
.00
. 06
. 12
. 12

.60
.00
.01
.36
.00
.03
.04
.16

1.76
.01
.00
1.03
.00
.14
.35
.24

1.46
.01
. 00
.82
.00
. 12
. 24
.27

1.28
.00
.00
.79
.00
.04
.07
.38

.90
.00
.01
.51
.01
.07
.24
.07

.78
.00
.01
.44
.02
.09
.15
.07

. 85
.00
.02
.60
.02
.13
.03
.05

36.52

35. 88

38.39

40.56

40.63

44.37

43.74

43.51

45.79

Operatives,except transport

34.91

34.21

36.72

38.53

38.56

42-26

39.91

39.26

40.63

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

15.40
1.54
.26
2.88
.02
3.22
.14
1.74
1.26
.20
4. 14

13. 50
1.22
.26
2.36
. 02
2. 45
. 14
1.43
1. 13
. 17
4. 34

13.44
1.06
.26
2.04
.01
2.57
.14
1.66
1.25
.09
4.35

14. 12
2.11
.26
3.13
.03
2.94
.19
1.65
.83
.13
2.86

12.44
1.72
.26
2.69
.02
2.31
.22
1.41
.81
. 11
2.89

13.09
1.64
.25
2.72
.01
2.70
.24
1.76
1.06
.05
2.67

16.78
1.49
.42
1.53
.03
2.01
.05
.60
2.54
.08
8.04

14.85
1.00
.43
1.11
.04
1.26
.03
.39
1.74
.06
8.78

13.68
.41
.45
.56
.06
.60
. 00
. 17
.54
.05
10.84

Operati ves




.11

.11

74

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Farm
machinery,
equipment

Eng ines
and
turbines

Machinery
except
electrical
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

a. 44
3.64
.03
.77

4. 15
3.51
.02
.62

3.72
3.35
.01
.36

7.21
6.25
.01
.95

6.84
6.08
.01
.75

6.05
5.71
.01
.34

4.08
2.95
.05
1.08

4.23
3.09
.05
1.08

5.06
3.65
.07
1.35

15.08
.01
7.33
.48
.24
.01
.57
.01
.05
.10
.91
.07
.20
.04
.07
. 12
2.71
2.05

16.56
. 01
8. 10
.53
.26
.01
.59
. 00
. 06
.07
. 86
.11
.07
. 17
. 04
.05
. 14
3. 05
2. 46

19.57
.01
9.70
.68
.32
.01
.74
.00
.08
.03
1.15
.08
.07
.07
.06
.02
.18
3.51
2.84

17.20
.01
8.82
.23
.00
.00
.81
.01
.03
.12
.81
.08
.07
.14
.01
.14
.21
3.58
2.12

19.29
.02
9.78
.26
.00
.00
.88
.01
.04
. 10
. 80
.07
.09
.11
.01
.09
.24
4. 19
2.61

23.12
.01
11.27
.34
.00
.00
1.13
.01
.07
.05
1.16
.05
. 14
.05
.03
.04
.35
5.26
3.17

19.06
.00
10.34
.84
.00
.00
.42
.04
.06
.10
2.15
.05
.12
.23
.05
.12
.08
2.66
1.80

20.18
.00
11.96
.83
.00
.00
.34
.03
.06
. 11
1.69
.05
.12
.26
.05
.09
.07
2.73
1.81

21.88
.00
15.62
.72
.00
.00
. 14
.01
. 05
.13
1.42
.05
.10
. 18
.05
. 12
. 06
2. 21
1.02

1.60
. 13
.79
.00
.00
.04
.64

1.67
.11
.99
.00
. 01
.03
.54

1.67
.09
1.19
.00
.01
.01
.37

2.03
.06
1.12
.01
.00
.07
.76

2.07
.05
1.46
.01
.00
. 05
.50

2.11
.03
1.96
.01
.00
.00
. 11

3.83
.16
2.19
.00
.00
.06
1.42

4.25
.16
2.54
.00
.00
.04
1.51

5. 16
.24
2.58
.00
.00
.00
2.35

1.79

1.69

1.51

2.10

1.97

1.76

1.99

1.62

.93

1.28
.20
1.08

1 25
.
.21
1.05

1.25
.20
1.05

1.43
.24
1.19

1.42
.25
1. 17

1.39
.26
1.13

1.36
.14
1.22

1.06
.11
.95

.60
.03
.56

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.10
.03
.01
.02
.02
.03

. 08
. 02
. 01
. 02
.01
. 02

.07
.01
.01
.02
.01
.03

.06
.03
.01
.01
.01
.01

.05
.02
.01
.01
.01
.01

.06
.01
.01
.02
.01
.01

.07
.02
.01
.01
.02
.01

.07
.02
.01
.01
-02
.01

.06
. 01
.01
.02
.02
.01

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.03
.01
.00
.01
.01

. 02
.00
. 00
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.06
.01
.02
.01
.02

.05
-01
.02
.01
.02

. 13
.01
.10
.01
.01

.06
.02
.00
.05
.00

.05
.01
.00
.04
.00

.03
.01
.00
.02
.00

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards

.38
.01
.37

.33
. 01
.32

.16
.01
.15

.54
.02
.52

.44
.01
.42

. 17
.01
. 16

.49
.00
.49

.44
.00
.44

.24
. 00
.24

2.53
.01
.11
.79
.04
.44
.28
.08
.76

2. 57
.01
.11
. 83
.05
.49
.30
. 07
.70

2.79
.02
.10
1.04
.06
.50
.29
.04
.73

4.02
.03
.25
.78
.04
.78
.40
.06
1.68

4. 12
.02
. 24
.86
.05
.90
.43
.04
1.58

4.65
.01
.27
1.14
.06
.97
.41
.02
1.78

4.32
.01
.12
1.98
.10
.51
.21
.25
1.14

3.85
.01
.09
1.90
.08
.45
.19
. 17
.95

2.92
.01
.04
1.87
.04
. 16
.10
.04
.68

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
fiailroad brake operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

 0 - 8 1
3H3-899
6


.11

75

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metal­
working
machinery

Constructn
machines
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Office,
accounting
machines
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

10.86

10. 91

9.71

8.65

8.99

8.76

16.99

18.60

17.15

4.33
.03
-12
.38
.79
1.76
.08
.01
.02
.25
.89

3.97
.03
.06
. 36
.83
1 65
.
.09
. 01
.02
. 17
. 76

3.57
.02
.01
.32
.76
1.62
.11
.01
.02
.08
.62

3.42
.01
.01
.27
.51
1.65
.04
.00
.00
.40
.53

3.29
.01
.01
.26
.54
1.60
.05
.00
.00
.29
.53

3. 16
.01
.01
.23
.42
1.58
.05
.00
.00
.17
.69

5.15
.08
.00
1.63
1.06
1.36
.02
.00
.00
.05
.95

4.82
.09
.00
1.39
1. 11
1.32
.01
.00
.00
.03
.87

4.72
.07
.00
.99
1.08
1.56
.00
.00
.00
. 00
1.02

Life and physical scientists
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

. 10
.00
.09
.01

. 10
. 00
.09
. 01

. 10
.00
.09
.01

.11
.00
. 11
.00

. 12
.00
. 12
.00

. 14
.00
.14
.00

.30
.01
.23
.06

.29
.02
.21
.06

.28
.03
.21
.04

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.02
.00
.02

. 02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.08
.02
.06

.08
.01
.06

.07
.00
.07

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

2.82
.03
2.20
.10
.11
.07
.31

2.59
.04
1.86
. 13
. 15
. 08
.33

2.67
.07
1.77
.20
.19
.08
.35

2.64
.02
2.03
.20
.09
.07
.25

2.58
.03
1.79
.27
. 13
.08
.28

2.91
.03
1.83
.42
. 19
.09
.34

3.49
.07
1.07
1.27
.13
.14
.81

3.79
.07
.93
1.55
.16
.16
.94

4. 18
. 03
.98
1.71
. 12
- 13
1.20

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopatns
Registered nurses

.10
-01
.09

.07
.01
. 06

.02
.00
.02

.06
.00
.06

.04
.00
.04

.01
.00
.01

.08
.01
.07

.09
.01
.08

. 11
.00
. 11

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

-01
.01
.01

.02
.01
. 01

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.0 1
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except heaitn

.07
.02
.01
.03
.01

.11
. 03
.01
. 05
.03

.17
.03
.00
.09
.05

. 14
.01
.00
. 11
.01

.21
.01
.00
. 18
.02

.36
.01
.00
.33
.02

.14
.01
.01
.02
.09

. 17
.01
.01
.02
.13

. 19
.01
.01
.01
. 17

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.52
.29
.21
.02

. 68
. 34
.31
. 04

.61
.30
.28
.02

.33
.24
.07
.02

.44
.29
. 11
.04

.39
.27
.10
-02

2.63
1.43
1.05
.15

3.34
1.60
1.48
.26

2.75
1.33
1.25
.18

Social scientists
Economists

. 13
.13

.23
.23

.28
.28

.06
.06

. 10
. 10

. 12
- 12

.50
.50

.75
.74

.63
.63

Teachers
Adult education

.04
.04

. 05
.05

.05
.05

.02
.02

.03
.03

.05
.05

.34
.34

.35
.35

. 13
.13

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors.and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.o 4
.06
.34
.06
.00
.03
.07
.08

.72
. 06
. 38
. 06
. 00
.03
. 09
. 11

.54
.03
.27
.05
.00
.01
.08
.10

.53
.03
.35
.02
.04
.02
.04
.04

.63
.03
.40
.02
.07
.02
.06
.05

.50
.02
.29
.01
.10
.01
.05
.04

1.29
.09
.57
.14
.07
.04
.12
.26

1.42
.10
.58
.17
.11
.03
.14
.30

1.02
.07
.31
.22
.13
.01
.09
.20

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers




76

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Office,
accounting
machines

Metal­
working
machinery

Constructn
machines
1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors
Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.08
1.16
.01
.03
.01
.34
.45
.08
.00

2. 34
1. 23
.01
. 04
. 01
.50
. 48
. 08
.00

1.68
.78
.01
-01
.01
.48
-33
.08
.00

1.33
.81
.00
.03
.01
.18
.26
.04
.00

1.53
.89
.00
.03
.01
.28
.28
.04
.00

1.11
.60
.00
.01
.01
,27
.18
.04
.00

2-97
1.38
.03
.13
.03
.56
.64
.16
.04

3.49
1.60
.02
.27
.03
.77
.66
.11
.03

3.06
1.76
.00
.25
.01
.54
.46
.03
.01

5.93

6. 20

4.67

7.35

8.38

7.02

7.55

8.99

9.97

1.59
.17
.04
-51
.86

1.58
.08
.05
.52
.92

1.75
.17
.06
.88
.65

1.68
. 17
.03
. 79
.68

1.73
.15
.02
.83
.73

1.40
.15
.04
.65
.57

1.55
. 16
.03
.67
.70

2.21
.15
.03
.94
1.10

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
fiestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
other managers, administrators

4.18
.22
.01
3.94

4.52
.25
. 01
4.26

2.95
.33
.01
2,61

5.96
.36
.00
5.60

6.83
.42
.00
6.41

4.81
.57
.00
4.24

5.87
.40
.01
5.45

7.40
.42
.01
6,97

8. 40
.45
.01
7.94

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.90
.01
1.89

1.69
. 01
1.68

1.08
.01
1.07

1.91
.01
1.90

1.86
.01
1.84

1.47
.01
1.46

4.64
.01
4.63

4.90
.01
4.89

6.00
.01
5. 99

14.81

14.69

14.64

11.66

12. 10

12.84

18.39

18.25

18.05

3.81
.02
2.72
.14
.93

3.66
.02
2.78
.07
.79

3.76
.02
3.07
.01
.66

3.73
.00
2.84
.08
.81

3.73
.00
2.98
.04
.71

4.03
.00
3.42
.00
.60

6.15
.02
4.47
1.55

5.93
.02
4.58
.04
1.29

6.52
.02
5.32
.00
1. 18

.97
.05
.04
.23
.04
.55
.01
.05

1 10
.
. 03
.03
.49
.04
. 46
.00
. 04

.87
.03
.04
.37
.06
.34
.00
.03

.78
.06
.05
.22
.03
.38
-01
.03

.97
.03
.04
.51
.03
.32
.01
.03

.83
.05
.06
.42
.04
.22
.00
.04

2.16
.10
.12
.68
.11
.87
.02
.25

2.59
.06
.08
1.46
.09
.66
.01
.24

1.94
.06
.04
1.23
.06
.38
.00
. 17

.15
1.21
.04
.21
.00
.32
.01
.33
1.39
.40
.00
.01
.14
.02
.54
.16
1.30
.43
1.93
.12
.00
1.30

9. 94
. 18
1. 17
. 04
.25
. 00
. 36
. 02
.41
1.48
.34
. 00
.01
. 14
.02
.55
. 16
1.06
.51
1. 74
.07
. 00
1.42

10.01
.29
1.04
.03
.29
.00
.49
.03
.39
1.64
.33
.00
.01
.15
.01
.38
.16
.65
.63
1.72
.03
.00
1.76

7.15
.15
1.37
.02
.11
.01
.19
.00
.33
.70
.25
.00
.00
.07
.02
.47
.20
1.06
.21
1.15
.11
.01
.71

7.40
. 18
1.35
.03
. 13
.01
.22
.00
.43
. 85
.22
.00
.00
. 08
.02
.51
.20
.90
.26
1.14
.06
.01
.80

7.99
.27
1.24
.03
. 16
.01
.30
.00
.40
1.26
.22
.00
.00
.09
.01
.39
.20
.60
.32
1.44
.03
.01
1.02

10.08
.27
1.40
.07
.15
.03
.37
.06
.40
1.12
.50
.01
.04
.23
.04
.47
.18
.82
.50
1.65
.21
.08
1.47

9.73
.27
1.46
.06
.18
.02
.37
.07
.45
1.09
.44
.01
.04
.20
.04
.45
.15
.79
.55
1.35
.16
.09
1.49

9.59
.30
1.81
.03
.20
.00
.36
. 11
. 32
.97
.54
.02
.01
.15
.01
.23
. 13
.93
.54
1.20
.22
. 11
1.41

21.53

21.48

20.68

33.49

32.30

30.60

19.58

18.19

19.41

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Hail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




o
o

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.68
.20
.07
.58
.83

77

. 11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metal­
working
machinery

Constructn
machines

Office,
accounting
machines

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

2.46
.34
.01
.14
.96
.14
.01
.40
.28
.18
.00

2.22
. 27
.01
. 17
.85
. 15
.01
. 43
.20
. 14
. 00

2.00
.09
.01
.38
.46
.25
.00
.58
.08
.16
.00

1.42
.21
.01
.02
.80
.01
.00
.17
.19
.02
.01

1.32
. 17
.01
.03
.75
.01
.00
.18
. 14
.02
.01

1.00
.05
.02
. 10
.44
.03
.00
.25
.06
.03
.01

.65
.10
.00
.00
.31
.00
.00
.13
.10
.01
.00

.63
.10
.00
.00
.31
.00
.00
.12
.09
.01
.00

.58
.10
-00
. 00
.31
.00
.00
. 10
.07
.00
.00

Slue collar worker supervisors

4.30

4.55

0
0
o
•

4.30

4.29

2.64

2.66

2.89

3. 15

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Boilers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

8.40
.04
.08
.41
.15
.49
5.10
.41
.31
.22
.02
.38
.82

7.70
. 02
.06
. 34
. 15
.46
4. 84
.37
.28
. 16
.02
.28
.72

5.88
.00
.02
.17
.17
.59
3.39
.18
.24
.12
.03
.15
.81

24.83
.03
.01
.43
.26
1.28
7.59
.26
1.27
.35
.01
.18
13.16

23.29
.03
.01
.38
.26
1.24
8.01
.25
1. 18
.26
.01
. 14
1 1.53

22.29
.01
.01
.18
.26
1.62
7.68
.13
1.10
.18
.01
.08
11.03

4.86
.00
.00
.14
.02
1.40
1.32
.09
.13
.39
.03
.16
1.19

4.14
.00
.00
.13
.02
1.11
1.28
.11
.13
.26
.02
.15
.93

3.64
.00
.00
.09
.01
.92
1. 10
. 14
. 17
. 18
. 00
.22
.82

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Badio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

4.58
.05
.01
.01
.40
.01
.02
3.86
.01
.00
.01
.19

5. 63
.07
.01
.01
.41
. 02
. 03
4.85
.02
.00
.01
.21

7.77
.07
.01
.01
.55
.03
.07
6.77
.03
.00
.01
.24

1.88
.02
.01
.00
.05
.02
.00
1.59
.01
.01
.02
.15

2.51
.03
.01
.00
-05
.02
.00
2. 18
.02
.01
.02
.17

3.99
.02
.03
.00
.06
.03
.00
3.60
.03
.03
.01
.19

10.75
.01
.00
.00
.04
1.24
.00
2.57
.00
6.33
.00
.57

9.92
.02
.00
.00
.03
1.45
.00
2.99
.00
4.93
.00
.50

11.44
.01
. 00
.00
.02
1.54
.00
3.40
.00
6.24
.00
.24

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.07
.03
.00
.00
.04

.07
.03
. 00
. 00
.04

.05
.00
.00
.00
.05

.16
.04
.08
.00
.04

. 15
.04
.07
.00
.04

.08
.02
.03
.00
.02

.34
.08
.15
.02
.08

.34
.08
.16
.01
.09

.29
.04
. 15
.00
.09

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.01
.01
.00

. 01
.01
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

1.70
.01
1.32
.00
.00
.09
.00
.01
.17
.10

1.30
.01
. 96
. 00
.00
. 08
.00
. 01
. 13
. 11

.89
.00
.66
.00
.00
.04
.00
.01
.05
.14

.90
.01
.50
.00
.01
.05
.03
.00
.15
.15

.74
.01
.38
.00
.01
.05
.03
.00
.09
. 17

.61
.01
.28
.00
.01
.02
.03
.00
.01
.25

.31
.01
.02
.02
.00
.04
.07
.00
.10
.05

.27
.01
.01
.01
.00
.06
.09
.00
.05
.03

.31
.00
.02
. 00
.00
-11
. 17
.00
.01
.01

39.22

39.27

42.94

33.19

32.51

35.22

29.83

28.45

27.71

Operatives,except transport

36.75

36. 65

40.16

32. 15

31.50

34.33

29.18

27.73

26.69

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

18.26
1.86
.26
1.87
.02
3.03
.05
.92
1.00
.02
9.24

16.98
1.51
.26
1.57
.02
2.33
.06
.77
. 96
.02
9.49

17.79
1.43
.24
1.49
.01
2.60
.06
.96
1.20
.01
9.79

17.33
1.64
.27
6.20
.04
4.04
.11
2.02
1.32
.05
1.63

14.92
1.34
.29
5.25
.03
3. 14
. 12
1.71
1.29
. 04
1.72

14.57
1.14
.30
4.54
.02
3.23
.13
1.93
1.54
.02
1.73

6.47
1.31
.08
.82
.00
.55
.35
.78
1.43
.43
.71

4.76
.87
.09
.62
.00
.34
.26
.53
1.00
,30
.75

2.54
.34
. 04
.40
.00
. 17
.06
.32
.38
.06
.78

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives




78

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metal­
working
machinery

Constructn
machines

Office,
accounting
machines

1970

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Blasters
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sanaer,buffer
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
aiveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport eguipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain worxers
Waiters
Other food secv wkrs,exc privt
Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.50
2.98

3.25
2. 85

2.74
2.56

2.95
2.23

2.82
2.23

2.43
2.15

5.22
4.38

5.78
4.78
. 00

.50

. 39

.17

.70

.57

.27

5.38
4.52
.03
.83

.81

1.00

15.00
6.18

16.42
6. 83

19.63

1 1.87
4.25

13.77
4.93

17.32
6.17

17.33
11.29

17.75
11.91

18.37
13.71

.59
.62

. 68

.93
.83

.47
.27

.55
.30

.76
.39

.55
.06
.03
.50

.26
. 12
.03
.34
. 19
.39

.01
.11

.02

.00

.00
.00

.42
.04
.15
1.38
.15

.00
.01

.02

.01

8.01
.00

.00
.66
.00
.00

.00
.00

.45
. 05
. 10
1.33
. 14
. 00

.60
.09

.01

1.92

.11
.00
.01
.12
.00
.02

.01

.02

.01

.01

.03
.91
.05
.08
.52
.09

.02
.00

.02

.01

.01
.02
1.01

.06
. 06
.52
.09

.02
.00

.00
.01

1.38
.09

.00
.23
.00
.00
.00

.00
.23
.00
.00
.00

.00
.20
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

.54

.46
.07
.03
.41
.14
.50

.06

.06
.04
.07
.09
2.19
1.55

.07
.04
.03
.09
2. 19
1.58

.89
. 11
.67

.72
.09
.35
.04
.25

1.02

.02

.77
.06
.03

.12

.00

.00
.12

. 15

.05
.14
2.96
1.83

.03
. 16
3.54
2.30

1.00

.39

1.04
.17
.37
.03
.48

.35

.01
.11

.65
.08
.30
.04
.23

1. 94

1.89

1.86

1.84

1.73

1.45

1.18

.58

1.38
.25
1.13

1.42
.27
1. 15

1.62
.30
1.32

1.40

1.44
.23

1.19

1.21

1.48
.24
1.24

.89
.19
.70

.72
.16
.56

.32
.06
.26

. 10

. 08
. 00

.08

.10
.00

. 08

.06

.19

. 13
.03
.04

.33

2.45
2.38

. 05
. 14
2. 78
2. 88

2.47
.13
1.33
.06
.95

2.62
. 10
1.71
. 05
. 76

2.78
.07
2.30

2.01

.00
.10
.12

.00
.02
.01
.02
.02
.02
.00
.00

.00

.18
3.33
3.47

.02

.00

.21

.00

. 14
.49

.02

.03

.03

.03

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.11
.00
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01

. 00

.02
.01
.01

.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.00

.02
.01
.02

. 02
.00

.02
.01
.01
.00

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.49

. 41

. 18

.01

.00

.33

.30

.47

.39

. 17

.32

3.75

3. 82
. 02
. 23
1.29
.04
.65
. 40
. 14
1.05

4.38
.23
1.74
.06
.71
.40
.06
1.18

.01

.02
.24
1.20
.04
.57
.37
.17
1.13

.23

.00
.02
.01

. 01

.03

.02

4.54
2.82

.00
.01
.00
.02
.01
.02

.04

.03

.01
.00

.00
.02
.20

.00
.02
.00
.02
.01

.00
.01
.01
.02
.01

.02

.04




.01

.02

.18

.41

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

.01

.01

.01
.01

.00
.01

79

.05

1.81
1. 05
. 14
.39
. 04
.46

.06

.01
.01

.02
.05
.01

.03

.03

.01

.01
.02
.01

.07

. 02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03

.02
.01
.01
.00

.03

.00

.01
.29
.01

.24

.29

.00
.15
.00

.01
.23
.01

. 11
. 02
.09
.00

1.89

2.03

2.35

1.57

1.45

1.13

.07
.41
.03
.27
.46
.03
.61

. 07
.45
.04
.32
.53
.03
.59

.07
.61
.06
.34
.55
.03

.62
.04
.50

.58
.04
.49

.05

.06
. 16

.50
.04
. 33
.05
. 12
.08

.00

.01

.00

.01

.15

.01

.68

.30

.02
.01
.00

.01
.01
.11

.22

.01
.01

.10

.01
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Electronic
computing
equi pment
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

I00.00

1978

Other mach,
except
electrical
1990

1970

100.00 100.00

I00.00

1978

Electrical
machinery

1990

100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

37.61

39.95

38.09

9.21

9. 29

8.43

17.34

17.42

16.32

10.30

9.20

9.71

9.01

3. 43

. 11
. 02
9. 16
1.79
1.69
.09

.05

.02

.01
.02
.00

6.96
.03
.06

.33
.70
1.79
.05

.29
.56
1.69
.05

7.61
.04
.09
.04
4.77

6.33

. 19
.03
9.73
1.58
1.92
.09

3.79
. 01
.05

4.33

.80
.04

.65
.05

3. 71
1.41
. 50
.06

.01

.01

.01

.01

.02
.02
.01

9.09
2.98
1.59
.05

.07
.05
.35
.67
1.83
.09

. 07
1.91

.06
1.93

.35
.63

.25
.58

.17
.61

.19
.52

.14
.47

. 11
.50

.39

.10
.00
.00

. 10

.09

.23

.24

.21
.01

.09

.09

.07

.01

.37
. 00
. 01
. 18
. 17
. 01

.13
.08

.13
.08

. 02
. 11
.07

. 19
.07
.07

. 19
. 07
.07

.05

.02

.05

.02

.05

.03

.03

.04

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science teca

7.20
.07
1.91
3.78
.15
.29
1.56

7. 19
. 07
1.05
9. 15
. 20
. 26
1. 92

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.07

. 05

.05

. 09

1.20
.02
.00
.02

Health technologists,technicians
Radiologic technologists,tech

.01
.01

.01
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.19

. 25

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists
Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.01
.12

1.73
.90

.00
.00
.20

.19

.01

.01
.00

.00

.01

.01

.00
.02

.19
.15
.03

.01

.01

.00
.01

.15
.06
.09
7.77
.09

2.93
.03

5.05
.28
.27

.13

.10

2.31
.09
1.95
. 16
. 14

.09
.90

.41

2.41
.06
1.95
.18
.19
.16
.36

9.72
.05
1.37
2.64
.13
.06
.46

4.84
.06
1.17
2.92
. 16
.07
.45

4.74
.05
1.24
2. 79
. 17
.09
.40

.01

.09

.07

. 03

.08

.06

.03

.88

1.68

.11

.01

.00

.06

.04

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

.07

.09

.10
.01
.00

.06

.08

. 10
.03

.06

.04

.29

.38
.24
. 12
. 02

.36
.23
. 11

.87
.56
.26
.05

. 18
. 18
. 00

.23
.23

.00

.22
.21
.00

.36
.35

.41
.41

.03
.03

.08
.08

.09
.09

.07
.07

.01

1.11
.10

1.20

.26

.49

.92
.05
.37
.06

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.83
.81

.01

1.33
1 31
.
.03

1-72
1.71

.01

.20
.08
.01
.10
.10
.00

Teachers
Adult education
Preschool and kindergarten

.95
.99

. 52
.50

.99
.93
.06

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

1.71
.19
.72
. 11

.53
.03
.31
.03

.60
.03
.35
.03

.01

2. 60
.35

1.21
.22
.00
.00

. 09
. 18
.59

.00
.00
.01

.16
.57

80

.00

.02
.00
. 05
.02

11.73
5.62
5.36
.79

.29

.01

.01
.00
.09
.02

.21




.00

.00

13. 69
6- 99
6. 09
1. 16

.07
.16
.98

.00

.35
.03

.02

.00
.00

.00

.03
.03

.01

11.99
6.19
9.53
.72

2.61
.90
1.25
.26

.01
.02

.00

.01
.00
.02
.00
.02

.00
.02

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.00
.01

.00

.01
.00
.02
.00
.01

. 00
. 03

.01

.00
.02

.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.01

.03
.16

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.02

1.11

.02
1.21

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03
.06
.07

.03
. 07
.09

.06
.03

.02

.00

.45

.02
.00
.00
.01
.06
.09

.02
.01
.02
.02

.00

.10
.01
.06
.06
.09
.23

.02
.01
.02

.01
.02

.04

.05

1.04
.58
.37
.08

.88
.47
.36
.06

.01

.00

.08
.51
.09

.01

.08
.04

.11

.28

.01

.00

.01

.08

.02

.08
.24

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation*

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Electrical
machinery

Other mach*
except
electrical

Electronic
computing
equipment
1970

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.97
1.78
.05
.12
.10
.72
.96
.20
.05

4. 16
1.75
. 04
. 15
.09
.99
.91
. 17
.05

3.99
1.89
.06
.04
.07
1.04
.70
.15
.05

1.58
.94
.01
.03
.00
.24
.31
.06
.00

1.81
1.01
.01
.04
.00
.36
.32
.06
.00

1.32
.67
.01
.01
.00
.36
.21
.06
.00

2.30
1.18
.00
.07
.03
.41
.51
.10
.00

2.49
1. 17
.00
.09
.03
.60
.51
.09
.00

2.56
1.48
. 00
.05
.02
. 58
.33
. 10
.00

9.56

9. 95

9.65

7.34

8.23

7.31

5.84

6.18

6. 31

3uyers*sales,lcan managers
Bank*financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.95
.28
.02
.92
.72

1.94
. 27
.01
. 84
. 81

2.92
.28
.01
1.29
1.34

1.60
.14
.06
.72
.67

1.70
. 16
.04
.71
.79

2. 29
. 16
.03
.95
1.15

1.41
.16
.05
.74
.46

1.45
.17
.03
.72
.55

1.91
. 16
.01
.94
.79

Other managers,officiaIs,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents* building
Office managers, other
Restaurant*cafe,bar*managers
Otner managers, administrators

7.61
.01
.21
.01
7.38

8.01
. 02
.21
. 01
7.77

6.73
.03
.29
.00
6.41

5.74
.00
.31
.01
5.42

6.54
.00
.35
.01
6. 18

5.03
.00
.48
.01
4.54

4.43
.00
.13
.01
4.28

4.73
.00
.15
.01
4.57

4. 41
.00
. 19
. 01
4.21

Sales workers
Advertising agents*sales worxer
Other sales workers

2.53
.01
2.52

2. 24
. 02
2.23

2.49
.04
2.46

1.89
.02
1.87

1.63
.02
1.60

.87
.04
.83

1.13
.01
1.11

.95
.02
.93

.51
. 03
.48

17.45

17. 81

19.14

13.12

13. 29

13.90

14.02

13.78

13.45

Stenographrs,t ypists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

6.59
.01
.01
5.60
.08
.90

5. 92
.01
.01
5. 18
.05
. 68

6.41
.03
.03
5.69
.03
.64

4.13
.01
.00
3.14
.11
.87

4.06
.01
.00
3.25
.05
.76

4.33
.01
.00
3.66
.01
.66

4.60
.02
.00
3.39
.10
1.09

4.31
.02
.00
3.34
.07
.88

4.27
.04
. 00
3.50
.06
.67

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

2.80
.05
.02
1.70
.03
.87
.03
.09

4. 20
.03
.02
3. 46
.03
.57
.01
.08

3.49
.04
.02
3.10
.04
.22
.00
.07

.78
.05
.02
.21
.03
.41
.01
.05

.95
.03
.02
.47
.03
.36
.00
.05

.82
.04
.03
.38
.03
.30
.00
.04

1.16
.05
.04
.35
.05
.58
.03
.07

1.33
.03
.03
.71
.04
.45
.01
.07

1.04
.04
.03
.57
. 05
.29
.00
.05

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors
Managers* officials*proprietors

Clerical workers




81

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Electronic
computing
equipment

Other mach.
except
electrical

Electrical
machinery

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

8.06
.10
.96
.07
.17
.01
.21
.01
.00
.23
1.52
.31
.13
.19
.03
.26
.26
.59
.47
1.02
.18
.00
1.37

7. 69
. 11
. 82
.06
. 19
.01
. 22
.02
. 00
.27
1 64
.
.24
. 13
. 18
. 02
. 24
.23
.39
. 51
.91
. 10
. 00
1. 40

9.24
.15
.67
.06
.24
.00
.30
.03
.00
.28
2.55
.24
.05
.22
.01
.15
.25
.29
.65
1.18
.03
.00
1.92

8.20
.18
1.41
.03
.10
.01
.22
.02
.01
.28
.95
.23
.00
. 10
.02
.50
.22
1.27
.27
1.38
.13
.02
.89

8.27
.21
1.36
.03
. 12
.01
.25
.02
.01
. 35
1.12
.20
.00
. 10
.01
.52
.21
1.06
.31
1.34
.08
.02
.96

8.76
.31
1.17
.06
.14
.01
.34
.02
.02
.34
1.60
.21
.00
.11
.01
.37
.21
.70
.30
1.64
.03
.04
1.14

8.26
.15
1.06
.05
.15
.01
.28
.02
.01
.25
1.18
.33
.02
.13
.02
.36
.18
.98
.41
1.26
.16
.03
1.23

8.13
.17
.99
.05
.17
.01
.28
.02
.01
.30
1.28
.27
.02
.13
.02
.35
.17
.85
.47
1. 16
.08
.03
1.29

8. 13
.24
. 82
.06
. 19
.01
. 29
.04
.00
.28
1.51
.24
.01
. 14
.01
.20
. 17
.73
.53
1.32
.03
.05
1.28

10.45

9. 97

9.93

24.81

24. 15

21.33

13.63

12.81

12.33

.52
. 11
.00
.00
.29
.00
.06
.06
.00

.41
. 08
.00
.00
.23
. 00
. 06
.04
.00

.26
.03
.00
.00
.13
.00
.08
.02
.00

1.82
.27
.05
.01
.75
.02
.28
.37
.06

1.62
.22
. 05
.01
.69
.02
.31
.27
.05

1.18
.08
.06
.02
.40
.05
.42
.10
.06

1.47
.17
.01
.00
.86
.01
.23
.18
.01

1.34
.14
.01
.00
.81
.01
.24
.12
.01

1.13
.06
.01
. 00
.67
.01
.30
.07
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

2.48

2. 15

1.22

2.88

2.84

1.84

2.71

2.62

1.99

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2.02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.21
.98
.02
.03
. 17
.00
.15
.44

1.68
.00
. 00
. 01
. 01
. 18
.92
.02
. 03
. 10
.00
.10
. 32

1.57
.00
.00
.01
.01
.23
.92
.01
.03
.06
.00
.06
.24

15.34
.01
.03
.26
.07
1.50
9.74
.36
.47
.48
.03
.77
1.63

14.01
.01
.02
-22
.07
1.42
9. 17
. 34
.43
. 34
.03
.57
1.38

10.43
.01
.01
.10
.07
1.80
5.98
.20
.41
.24
.06
.29
1.27

4.62
.00
.00
.06
.02
.99
1.47
.17
.35
.30
.03
.30
.94

4.08
.00
.00
.05
.02
.87
1.50
.14
.30
. 19
.04
.21
.75

3.72
.00
.01
.02
.02
.95
1.45
.08
.25
. 13
.07
. 11
.65

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

4-82
.05
.00
.00
.06
3. 56
.00
.62
.00
.00
.28
.08
.00
.17

5. 29
.06
.00
.00
. 06
4. 05
. 00
.73
. 00
. 00
. 18
.05
. 00
. 17

6.68
.04
.00
.00
.07
4.96
.00
1.13
.00
.00
.24
.01
.00
.22

3.80
-41
.02
.01
.25
.02
.02
2.64
.07
.01
.02
.02
.01
.31

4. 86
.53
.02
.01
. 25
.03
.03
3.52
.07
.01
-02
.01
.01
.35

7.19
.48
.01
.01
.30
.04
.06
5.74
.09
.02
.02
.01
.02
.40

2.76
.14
.03
.00
.08
.07
.01
1.41
.17
.00
.02
.44
.00
.40

3.06
.17
.02
.00
.08
.09
.01
1.76
.19
.00
.02
.29
.00
.44

4.29
. 14
.01
.00
. 11
. 12
.01
2. 39
.26
.00
.03
.74
.00
.48

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.23
.09
.02
.02
.10

. 18
. 06
. 02
.01
.09

.06
.02
.00
.00
.04

.21
.08
.04
.02
.06

. 18
.06
.03
.02
.07

.08
.01
.02
.01
.04

.19
.0 9
.03
.01
.06

.16
.06
.02
.01
.06

.06
.01
.01
.00
.04

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers




82

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Electronic
computing
equipment

Electrical
machinery

Other mach,
except
electrical

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

•01
.00
•00
.01
•00

.02
.00
.00
.02
. 00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01
.00

.03
.00
.01
.02
.00

.03
.00
.01
.02
.00

1.38
.02
.01
1.32
.03

1. 13
.02
.01
1.07
.03

.81
.03
.01
.75
.02

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

•37
.01
.01
•02
.00
•28
•05

. 25
.01
.01
.02
.00
. 18
.04

.12
.00
.01
.01
.00
.06
.05

.75
.04
.39
.06
.01
.13
.11

.63
.03
.32
.06
.01
. 09
. 12

.57
.01
.33
.03
.01
.03
. 17

.50
.04
.14
.04
.01
.17
.08

.41
.03
.10
.04
.01
.14
.09

.33
.00
.06
.02
.01
.11
. 10

20.46

18. 90

19.25

39.48

39.20

43.55

43.92

44.83

46.81

Operati ves

20.19

18.64

18.97

37.96

37.64

42.06

42.90

43.77

45.59

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

2.70
.21
.03
.29
.00
.32
.24
.08
.27
.96
.32

2. 16
. 15
.02
.22
. 00
. 22
. 24
. 06
.24
.73
.28

1.72
.12
.03
.19
.00
.24
.26
.07
.30
.31
.21

17.40
1.65
.30
2.96
-02
4.13
.14
2.58
1.38
.14
4.10

15.38
1.36
.31
2.48
.02
3.21
. 15
2. 19
1.34
.13
4.21

16.25
1.31
.32
2.27
.01
3.57
. 15
2.67
1.70
.07
4.18

6.81
.50
.19
.42
.01
.64
.33
.31
1.48
1.27
1.67

6.08
.40
.19
.36
.01
.49
.36
.26
1.36
1.07
1.58

5.52
.38
. 18
.37
. 00
.51
. 37
.31
1.58
.61
1.20

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

4.54
4.23
.03
.28

3. 78
3.54
. 02
.21

3.52
3.31
.00
.21

4.89
3.94
.03
.92

4.60
3.85
.03
.73

4.04
3.69
.01
.34

8.54
7.19
.06
1.29

7.69
6.62
.05
1.03

6.04
5. 47
.01
. 56

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

12.94
.00
9.43
.11
.00
.00
.15
.00
.01
.23
- 15
.03
.01
.01
.03
.16
1. 14
1.48

12.71
. 00
9. 18
.12
.00
.00
. 15
.00
.01
. 21
. 12
.03
.01
.01
. 02
. 16
1. 11
1 60
.

13.73
.00
9.76
.16
.00
.00
. 18
.00
.00
.31
.07
.06
.03
.01
.01
.22
1.07
1.84

15.67
.02
7.35
.53
.25
.01
.58
.06
.10
.90
.11
.06
.19
.08
.07
. 11
3.01
2.23

17.66
.02
8.32
.60
.26
.01
.62
.07
. 09
.89
. 11
.07
. 16
. 08
.04
. 13
3. 46
2-73

21.77
.01
10.31
.81
.33
-01
.83
. 11
. 04
1.29
.09
.09
.06
. 13
.02
. 17
4.18
3.29

27.55
.02
14.50
.47
.05
.01
.39
.10
.05
.88
. 12
.14
.07
.07
.10
1.70
4.68
4.21

29.99
.02
15.33
.53
.06
.01
.40
.11
.04
.82
. 10
.15
.06
.07
.05
1.94
5.38
4.92

34.03
.02
16.25
.70
.08
.01
.51
. 12
.02
1.03
.07
.20
.02
. 12
.02
2.60
6.60
5.67

.28
.07
.11
.00
.01
.09

. 26
. 05
. 12
.00
. 01
. 08

.28
.04
.16
.00
.01
.07

1.52
.14
.71
-01
.03
.63

1.56
. 12
. 88
.01
.02
.52

1.50
.09
1.08
.03
.01
.29

1.02
.08
.53
.00
.03
.37

1.07
.07
.67
.00
.02
.31

1.22
.05
.93
.00
.00
.24

1.29

1. 06

.80

1.76

1.71

1.65

1.82

1.66

1.49

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.74
.08
.66

. 65
.08
.57

.61
.08
.53

1.32
.21
1.12

1.33
.22
1.12

1.39
.23
1.17

1.15 .
.16
.99

1.13
.17
.96

1.15
. 19
.97

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.22
.04
.01
.09
.03
.06

. 15
. 02
.00
. 07
.01
.03

.07
.01
.00
.03
.01
.02

.06
.02
.01
.01
.01
.02

.06
.01
.01
.01
.01
.02

.08
.01
.01
.02
.01
.03

.15
.04
.01
.04
.02
.04

.12
.02
.01
.04
.01
.04

. 12
.01
.01
.04
.01
.06

Operatives,except transport

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Railroad brake operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers




83

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 197q , 1978 and projected 1990
Electronic
computing
equipment

Electrical
machinery

Other mach 9
except
electrical

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
. 01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01
.01

.04
.02
.02
.00

.03
.02
.01
.00

• 02
.02

.01
.00

Protective service workers
Guards

.32
.31

.24
. 24

.11
.11

.35
.34

.31
.29

.15
.14

.47
.45

.37
.36

. 19
. 19

•66
.00
.04
.29
.03
.18
.00
.04
.04
.05

.63
.00
.03
.27
.03
. 19
. 00
.03
. 03
.03

.71
.00
.02
.34
.05
.23
.00
.02
.02
.02

2.39
.02
.09
.74
.04
.46
.00
.25
.07
.72

2.50
.02
.09
. 80
.05
.53
.00
.28
.06
.67

2.95
.04
.10
1.09
.06
.59
.00
.29
.03
.76

2.31
.01
.07
1.12
.04
.45
.01
.14
.11
.37

2.38
.01
.06
1.17
.05
.50
.01
.15
.08
.35

2.78

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,grounakeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




84

. 01

.07
1.51
.06
.51
. 01

.16
.05
.41

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1S70, 1978 and projected 1990
Household
appliances
1970

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

7.06

7.32

6.51

22.72

23.53

25.20

15.99

16.00

14.02

2.62
.00
.05
.00
1.04
.75
.47
.03
.06
.22

2.50
. 00
.03
. 00
.95
.87
.38
. 03
.03
.22

2.39
.00
.00
.00
.74
1.11
.20
.04
.00
.30

10.35
.09
.06
.06
6.92
1.35
1.07
.04
.10
.65

9.65
.08
.04
.03
6. 54
1.40
.85
.05
.04
.62

9.84
.06
.03
.02
6.62
1.44
.79
.06
.04
.78

6.88
.02
. 11
.04
4. 17
1.03
.70
.04
.27
.50

6.34
.02
.08
.02
3.78
1.17
.60
.05
. 19
.43

5. 43
.00
. 02
.00
2.9 3
1.43
. 43
.06
.15
.41

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

.05
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00

.06
.00
. 00
. 06
. 00
.00

.09
.00
.00
.08
.01
.00

.22
.01
.02
.09
.10
.01

.24
.01
.03
. 10
.09
. 01

.27
.02
.02
-13
. 10
.02

.26
.01
.01
.16
.09
.00

.26
.01
.01
.15
.09
.00

.21
.01
.02
. 10
.07
.00

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.02
.00
.02

. 02
.00
.02

.03
.00
.03

.08
.03
.05

.08
.02
.05

-09
.02
.07

.04
.01
.03

.04
.01
.03

.04
.01
.04

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

1.56
.04
.68
.59
.13
.00
.01
.11

1.59
. 05
. 55
. 66
. 18
.00
. 01
. 14

1.70
.06
.46
.67
.25
.00
.01
.25

5.67
.05
1.54
3.34
.14
.01
.07
.53

6. 17
.06
1.38
3.91
. 19
.01
.09
.54

7.50
.08
1.75
4.62
.27
.01
-12
.66

4.70
.06
1.40
2.58
.12
.00
.06
.48

4.68
.06
1.17
2.78
.15
.00
.08
.45

4.03
.04
1. 13
2.33
. 12
.00
. 10
.32

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.10
.01
.09

. 05
.00
. 05

.00
.00
.00

.10
.01
.08

.07
.02
.05

.04
.01
.03

.08
.01
.07

.06
.00
.06

.04
.00
.04

Health technologists,technicians

.00

•
o
o

Total all occupations

1978

Other
electrical
machinery

Radio,tv,
communicatn
equipment

.00

.01

.01

.01

.01

.01

.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.03
.02
.00
.01
.01

. 05
. 04
.00
.01
. 00

.07
.06
.00
.01
.00

.08
.01
.01
.02
.03

. 10
.02
.02
.03
.04

.09
.02
.01
.03
.03

.06
.02
.01
.01
.03

.08
.02
.01
.01
.04

.10
.03
.01
.01
.06

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.37
.22
.13
.02

.48
.25
. 19
. 04

.44
.24
.16
.04

1.23
.80
.35
.08

1.49
.86
.51
.13

1.60
.94
.55
.11

.75
.48
.23
.04

.91
.50
.34
.06

.65
.31
.30
.03

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.13
.13
.00

. 21
.21
. 00

.25
.25
.00

.25
.25
.01

.44
.41
.02

.52
.49
.03

.21
.20
.00

.35
.34
.01

.39
. 39
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.03
.03

. 04
. 04

.04
.04

.13
.13

.16
. 16

.12
- 12

.06
.06

.07
.07

.06
.06

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.55
.01
.33
.04
.00
.04
.01
.09
.03

.61
.00
.35
.04
. 00
. 06
.01
. 11
. 04

.40
.00
.20
.04
.00
.04
.01
.07
.03

1.72
.18
.58
.14
.02
.15
.08
.13
.45

1.96
. 16
*61
. 13
.03
.23
. 06
.16
.58

1.92
. 16
.59
. 12
.05
.30
.05
.13
.54

.87
-06
.46
.08
.00
.00
.06
.07
.14

.92
.06
.49
.07
.00
.00
.04
.09
.17

.58
.02
.31
.03
.00
.00
.01
.07
.15

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers




85

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Radio,tv,
communicatn
equipment

Household
appliances

Other
electrical
machinery

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.61
.99
.00
.01
.03
.00
.21
.35
.05

1.72
.95
.00
.01
. 09
. 00
.31
.36
.09

1.09
.53
.00
.01
.00
.00
.29
.23
.09

2.89
1.93
.01
.00
. 10
.09
.57
.62
.12

3. 16
1.93
.01
.00
. 10
.09
. 89
.69
. 10

3.21
1.59
.01
.00
. 10
.03
.89
.52
.16

2.09
1.07
.00
.00
.06
.02
.36
.97
.10

2.29
1.08
.00
.00
.09
.02
.53
.97
.09

2.50
1.59
.00
.00
.03
.01
.52
.27
.08

9.33

9.71

9.32

5.89

6.00

6.03

6.10

6.98

6.69

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.39
. 11
.09
.51
.62

1.28
. 12
.05
. 96
.66

1.90
.13
.09
.98
.76

1.39
.17
.05
.83
.29

1.35
. 18
.02
.81
.39

1.53
.18
-01
.96
.38

1.97
.16
.05
.73
.53

1.53
. 17
.02
.71
.63

2. 12
.16
.01
1.00
. 96

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

2.99
.15
.00
2.89

3.92
. 16
.00
3.26

2.92
.20
.00
2.72

9.50
.09
.01
9.90

9.66
. 10
.01
9.55

9.99
.09
.02
9.39

9.63
.16
.01
9.96

9.95
.17
.01
9.77

9. 57
. 22
.00
9. 39

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.80
.09
1.75

1.39
. 05
1.29

.91
.05
.36

.69
.02
.67

.60
.03
.57

.50
.09
.96

1.27
.01
1.26

1.06
.01
1.09

.53
.02
.51

11.60

11. 09

10.27

16.09

15.97

19.53

13.27

13. 19

13.93

3.51
.00
2.60
. 11
.80

3.25
. 00
2.51
.08
. 66

3.01
.00
2.92
.10
.50

5.20
.03
3.70
.12
1.39

9.86
.03
3.65
.08
1.09

9.59
.09
3.65
.05
.85

9.99
.02
3.39
.09
.99

9.21
.02
3.31
.07
.82

9.31
.09
3.58
.06
.63

.86
.06
-03
.21
.03
.97
.02
.09

.99
. 09
.03
. 95
. 02
.36
. 01
.03

.69
.05
.03
.36
.03
.19
.00
.02

1.50
.06
.06
.97
.07
.72
.03
.10

1.75
. 03
.05
.93
.06
.58
.01
. 10

1.96
.09
.06
.81
.07
.91
.00
.08

1.01
.05
.02
.30
.09
.52
.03
.05

1.19
.03
.02
.69
.09
.91
.01
.05

.92
.09
.02
. 51
.05
.26
.00
.09

7.23
.20
1.03
.05
. 11
.01
.29
.02
.00
.16
.75
.21
.00
.00
.15
.01
.99
.18
1.07
.26
1.35
.13
.02
.80

6. 90
. 22
. 98
.06
. 12
.01
. 30
.03
.00
.20
.78
. 17
. 00
.00
. 15
.01
.92
. 18
.95
.29
1. 16
.07
. 02
.79

6.57
.31
.79
.05
.12
.00
.31
.05
.00
.17
.89
.17
.00
.00
.18
.01
.23
.19
.85
.33
1.01
.02
.05
.89

9.35
.19
1.02
.07
.22
.01
.38
.02
.00
.32
1.92
.95
.01
.05
. 16
.03
.33
.19
.72
.59
1.28
.20
.01
1.79

9.36
. 15
.99
.08
.25
.01
. 39
.02
.00
.38
1.62
.37
.01
.05
. 16
.02
.32
.19
.56
.68
1. 15
. 11
.02
1.91

8.98
. 15
.79
.08
.29
.02
.39
.03
.00
.36
1.79
.35
.02
.01
. 16
.01
.20
.15
.90
.70
1.23
.09
.09
1.28

7.82
.15
1.09
.09
.12
.01
.22
.02
.01
.22
1.11
.28
.00
.01
.11
.02
.36
.20
1.11
.39
1.23
.19
.09
.99

7.73
.17
1.02
.09
. 19
.01
.23
.02
.01
.27
1.20
.23
.00
.01
.11
.01
.35
.19
.97
.90
1. 16
.08
.09
1.07

8. 20
.26
.83
.05
.15
.00
.25
. 09
.00
.26
1.97
.21
.00
.00
.13
.00
.20
.18
.85
.98
1.90
.03
. 06
1.39

16.39

16. 35

16.67

15.69

19.67

13.85

12.03

11.93

11. 15

Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispa tchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




86

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Household
appliances

Radio,tv,
communicatn
equipment

Other
electrical
machinery

1970

1978

1590

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1.89
.25
.03
.78
.0 1
.52
.28

1 78
.
.24
. 04
.69

1.60

.20

1.24
.16

1.09
. 13

1.03
.08

1.52
.17

1-40
.13

.05
.42

.76

.71

.54
. 25

.69
.23

. 13
.18

.70
. 00
. 14
. 11

1. 11
. 04
.01
.68
.01

.00

.11
.00

blue collar worker supervisors

3.86

3. 48

1.71

3-77

3.94

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

5.26

4. 71

4.93

3.33

2.85
. 01

.08

. 06
. 02
1. 16
1. 16
.26
.39
. 24
.03
.30
1 07
.

.03

.03

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mecu
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

4.72
.96

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.01

.02

.02
1.02

1.37
.27
.44
.37

.02

.43
1.24

.01
. 10
.01
.00

1.90
1.36

.01

.00

.01

.01

.01

.01

.02
1.12
1.69
.19
.36
.14
.05

.01
.66
1.02

.05

.20
.01

1.00

. 13
.25

1.92

1.88

1.31

3.09

5.24

4.58

3.82

.07
.03

.06
.03
.97
1.77
.14
.36
.16
.06

.02
.01
.02
.68
1.12
.22
.02

.00

.02

. 73
. 35

.00

1.11

.81

1.04
1.55
.06
.28
.09
.09
.09
.59

2.65
.05

3.00
.07

4. 52
.06

. 11
.06

.11
.08

.15
. 11

.01

.05

.04

3.83
.03
. 01
3.69
. 10

2.99
.03

.03

.04
.03

.02
.01
.01
.00
.00

4.15
.03

. 00
. 04
. 00

.00

. 16
. 02
.05

.15
.04
.05

.01

.00
.02

.06

.03

. 16

.00

.08

.02
.01
.00
.00

.02
.01
.00
.00

.46
.06
.03
. 00

.40

.47

.39

. 06

.02
2.86

.01
.01
.00

.01
.02
.23
.00

.02
.01
.02
.19
.00

.08

. 09

.02
.02
.01
.19
.00
.11

.06

. 12
.49

.08
.04
.91
.53

.05

. 02

.56
.09
.05

.02

.01
2.62

. 04

.08

.38

2-03
.06

.01

.05

.01
.07
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00

.05
.03
.19
.45

-01

.01

.08

.05

.01

.01
1.68

.02

.01
.01
.00

.02
.01

4.03
.09

.02

.22

.07
.03

.00

.00

.00
.02
.02

.20
.00
.10
.03
.01

. 16
. 01
.05
. 02

. 01
. 00

.01
.00
.17
.00

.00

-01
.01
.00
.00

.08

.01

. 11
.14

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.45
. 04
. 12

.06

3.77

1.29
.05
.03
.54
.38

.81
.03
.03

. 11
. 00
. 04
. 01

.02

.32
.03
. 02

.98
.03

3.99
2.32

.00
.10
.00

.12
.00

.18

.02

.11
.02

2.51
.06

.32

.01
.01
.00
.00

.24

2.34
.07
.03
.00
. 13

.46

.04

.23
.16

2.40
.06
.05

.01

.04

1.02
.11

. 12

. 14
.62

.41

.01
.01

. 01
.58

-01

. 17
.53

.01

.38

.06

.02

.92

.01
.88
-01

.00

.24
.67

.14
.17
.38

.00
.01

.00
.01

.53
.04
.17




.01

.01

1.79
.17
.43
.25
.05
.31
1.04

.01
.10
.01
.00

. 10
. 01
. 00
2. 46
1.61
. 00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.00

.01

7.99
1.09

1.21
.01

.02
.01
.01
.00
.00

Operatives,except transport

.00

.01

.12
1.20

5.82

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

Operatives

.01

.03

.01
.19
.00
.00

.06
.00

.01
.00
.00

.29

.00
.01
.13
.00

.01
.13
.00
.00
.03
.00
.01
.11
.00

.00
'.00
.00
.01
.00
.01

.09

.09

. 11

.03

. 08

.07

.00

53.39

53. 73

55.44

35.66

36.07

36.93

47.04

47.67

49.67

50.82

50.73

51.37

35.05

35.51

36.32

46.05

46.64

48,57

9.72
.46
.17
.71

8.92

9.07
.33

4.65
.33
.07

.01

.59

.00

.21
.00

4.14
.26
.07
. 17

4.03
.25
.06
.19

7.55
.60
.26
.50

6.59
.47
.25
.42

5.65
.44
.24
.42

.48
.23
.46
3.52
.32
3.36

.36
.25
.38
3. 29
.30
3. 24

.4 1
.25
.47
3.99
.19
2.72

.31
.25
.19
.85
1.76
.69

.23
.27
. 16
-76
1.56

.27
.29
.16
.84
1.26
.71

.40
.35
1.50
1.14
1.94

.63
.42
.29
1.37
. .95
1.78

.61
.42
.36
1.56
.41

.01

.36
. 15
.59

.12

87

.00

.66

.00

.01
.86

.01

.00

1.20

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Household
appliances

Radio,tv,
conununicatn
equipment

Other
electrical
machinery

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

7.18
5.42
.06
1.70

6. 41
4. 96
.05
1. 40

4.90
4.01
.01
.88

8.34
7.43
.05
.86

7.72
6.90
.04
.78

6.97
6. 19
.01
.77

8.89
7.35
.07
1.47

7.86
6.72
.05
1.10

5.82
5.37
.01
.43

33.93
.14
21.47
.49
.00
.02
1.13
.01
.14
.13
2.45
.05
.20
.00
.33
.13
.50
4.08
2.67

35.41
. 18
22.08
.54
.00
. 01
1. 16
. 01
. 16
. 09
2. 20
.04
.21
. 00
.33
. 09
.55
4. 60
3. 14

37.41
.11
21.16
.71
.00
.01
1.47
.01
.25
.03
2.64
.04
.29
.00
.57
.07
.73
5.66
3.66

22.07
.00
11.71
.27
.00
.00
.24
.00
.04
.03
.48
.13
. 12
-04
.02
.06
.95
3.24
4.74

23-65
.00
12.33
.30
.00
.00
.26
.00
.05
.02
.45
. 11
. 13
.03
.02
. 03
1.04
3.49
5.39

25.32
.00
13.47
. 31
.00
.00
.27
.00
.05
.00
.46
.07
. 16
.01
.02
.01
1.17
3.51
5.80

29.62
.01
14.93
.58
.09
.01
.35
.00
.13
.06
.86
.12
.13
.10
.06
.11
2.32
5.60
4.17

32.19
.01
15.77
.64
.09
.01
.37
.00
.13
.05
.79
.11
.15
.08
.06
.06
2.56
6.37
4.95

37. 11
.02
16.73
.86
. 12
.01
.49
.00
.13
.02
1.05
.07
.20
.03
.11
.02
3.42
7.97
5. 88

2.56
. 16
1.67
.01
.00
.72

3. 00
. 13
2. 16
. 01
. 00
.70

4.07
.09
3.11
.01
.00
.86

.61
.06
.28
.00
.04
.24

.57
. 05
.35
.00
.03
. 15

.62
.03
.48
.00
.01
. 10

.99
.09
.48
.00
.03
.39

1.03
.07
.61
.00
.02
.32

1. 10
.05
.83
. 00
. 00
.22

2.03

1. 92

1.93

1.69

1.48

1.29

1.85

1.70

1.52

1.40
.18
1.22

1.39
. 19
1.20

1.59
.21
1.38

.92
.12
.80

.87
. 13
.75

.79
.14
.66

1.24
.18
1.06

1.22
.19
1.03

1.24
.20
1.04

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.14
.04
.01
.04
.02
.03

. 13
. 03
.01
. 05
.01
. 03

.16
.01
.01
.09
.01
.05

.18
.03
.01
.04
.03
.05

. 13
.02
.01
.04
.02
.05

.12
.01
.01
.02
.01
.07

.14
.04
.01
.04
.02
.04

.11
.02
.01
.04
.01
.03

. 12
.01
.01
.05
.01
.06

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.02
.00
.01
.01

.02
. 00
.01
. 01

.02
.00
.01
.01

.04
.03
.01
.00

.04
.03
.01
.00

.04
.03
.01
.00

.04
.03
.02
.00

.03
.02
.01
.00

.02
. 02
.00
.00

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.47
.01
.46
.00

. 38
.01
.37
- 00

-16
.01
.16
.00

.55
.01
.53
.01

. 44
.01
.42
.01

.34
.01
.34
.00

.43
.01
.41
.01

.34
.01
.33
.00

.14
.01
.13
.00

3.42
.0 1
.04
1.95
.02
.51
.03
.18
.13
.56

3.55
.01
. 04
2. 04
.03
.57
. 02
.20
. 12
.54

4.45
.01
.04
2.68
.05
.60
.01
.21
.14
.72

1.72
.02
.05
.81
.04
.45
.00
.09
.13
.14

1.69
.02
.04
.78
.05
.49
*.00
.09
.11
. 13

1.67
.02
.04
.79
.04
.48
.00
.10
.07
. 14

2.46
.00
.08
1.17
.05
.45
.01
.17
.09
.46

2.53
.00
.08
1.23
.06
.49
.01
.18
.06
.43

3.00
.00
.08
1.65
.08
.51
.01
.17
.02
.48

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, i . g
nf
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Biveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, otuer
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




88

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Transportation
equipment
197 0

Total all occupations

1978

Motor
vehicles,
equipment
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Aircraft
and parts
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

14.36

13. 45

11.45

7.86

8.23

7.45

26.04

27.11

27.30

6.93
2.47
.06
.16
1.03
.99
1.76
. 11
.05
.30

5.90
2. 08
.05
. 10
.78
. 95
1.56
. 10
. 04
. 25

5.43
2.00
.04
.09
.64
.88
1.45
.08
.03
.22

2.99
.01
.03
.04
.17
.75
1.69
.06
.05
.18

2. 84
-01
.03
.03
. 16
.77
1.58
. 06
.04
. 16

2.73
.01
.03
.04
.15
.75
1.50
.06
.03
. 16

14.15
7.03
.12
.33
2.23
1.61
2.08
.20
.07
.47

13.85
7.28
. 12
.25
2.03
1.64
1.88
.20
.05
.40

15.77
9. 19
. 11
.25
1.95
1.74
1.96
. 18
.04
.36

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

.20
.01
.00
.14
.04
.01

. 18
. 01
.01
. 12
. 04
. 01

.15
.01
.00
.11
.03
.01

.10
.00
.00
.09
.01
.00

. 10
.00
.00
.09
.01
.00

. 10
.00
.00
. 10
.01
.00

.35
.02
.01
.22
.09
.01

.38
.04
.02
.22
.09
.01

.36
.04
.01
.22
.06
.02

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.09
.02
.06

. 08
. 02
. 05

.06
.02
.04

.06
.01
.05

. 06
.01
.05

.05
.01
.04

.17
.05
.12

.17
.07
. 11

. 16
.08
.09

2-74
.01
.04
1.10
.52
.17
.24
.67

2. 42
.00
.04
.68
.45
. 18
. 26
. 60

1.99
.00
.04
.74
.34
.14
.20
.52

1.68
.00
.03
.88
.06
.08
.29
.33

1.58
. 00
.03
.73
-08
. 10
.33
.31

1.37
.00
.03
.67
.09
. 10
.29
.21

4.44
.01
.07
1.38
1.10
.34
.32
1.22

4.44
.02
.07
1.13
1.19
.41
.34
1.27

4. 15
.02
. 09
1.04
1.06
.35
.25
1.33

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.09
.01
.08

.09
.01
.08

.11
.03
.08

.11
.01
.10

. 10
.01
.09

. 13
.02
. 11

.09
.01
.08

.09
.01
.08

. 13
.05
. 09

Health technologists,tecnnrcians
Clinical lab technologists,teca
Other health technicians

.02
.00
.02

-02
. 00
. 02

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01

.03
.02
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Flight engineers
Radio operators
Tool programmers,numerical
Other technicians except healtn

.17
.06
.03
.01
.03
.04

. 16
.07
. 02
. 01
.02
. 04

.12
.05
.01
.00
.02
.04

.03
.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.04
.02
.00
.00
.01
.01

.05
.01
.00
.00
.02
.02

.39
.16
.08
.01
.07
.07

.43
.21
.06
.01
.06
.09

.36
.20
. 05
.00
.03
.08

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.71
.43
.23
.05

. 80
.44
.29
.07

.57
.32
.21
.04

.40
.25
.13
.02

.52
.29
.20
.03

.46
.27
.18
.02

1.37
.82
.44
.12

1.70
.91
.60
.20

1.25
.72
.42
.11

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.18
.17
.01

.27
. 26
. 01

.23
.22
.01

.19
.19
.00

.29
.29
.00

.26
. 26
.00

.24
.23
.01

.39
.36
.03

.35
.32
.03

Teachers
Adult education

.06
.06

. 05
. 05

.02
.02

.03
.03

.03
.03

-01
.01

.07
.07

.07
.07

. 02
.02

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.87
.10
.30
.07
.08
.06
.07
.20

.99
.11
. 40
.07
.08
.05
. 08
.20

.80
.11
.37
.07
.0 3/
.06
.07
.10

.54
.03
.32
.02
.00
.02
.07
.09

.66
.04
.39
.02
.00
.02
. 08
. 10

.56
.04
.32
.02
.00
.04
.07
.08

1.36
.23
.12
.14
.23
.12
.08
.43

1.56
.26
.14
.17
.27
.12
.11
.48

1.26
.24
. 16
.22
.15
. 16
.08
.25

Professional and technical
.Engineers, technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Draft ers
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science teca




89

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Transport­
ation
equipment

Motor
vehicles,
eguipment

Aircraft
and parts

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.31
1.08
.06
.06
.03
.13
.46
.09

2. 49

1.96
1.19
.03
.05

1.74
.99

1.72

.01

2.01
1. 13
.01

3.41
1.42

4.01
1.70

3.46
1.93

.06

.09

.01

.05

.01

.29
.45
.03

. 22
.31

. 14
.04
1.40
.59

. 11

.43
.05

.08
.06
1.07
.60
.18

1.22

.00

. 03
.09
. 02
.62
.45
. 06
. 00

4.32

5. 07

5.34

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,otner
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.06
.14

.97
. 12

1.11

.01

.02

.23

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Other managers, administrators

3.27

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Sales workers
Other sales workers
Clerical workers
Stenoyraphrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Pay roll, timekeeping clerics
fieceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




.02
.68

.01
.11
.02

.01

.40
.27

.02
.00

.01
.21

1.12
.01

.00

.02
.00

3.12

3.70

.08

.79
.09

.58
.27

.60
.41

4. 10

4.22

.01

.01
.16
.01

.02

.01

.01

.01

1.04
.32
.03

.01

.12
.01

3.86

5.61

6.37

6.79

.74
.08

.76
.07

1.38

1.21
.19
.01

1.04
.09

.41
.26

.36
.29

.34
.34

.14

.87
.15

.78
. 17

2.33

2.96

3.10

4.23

5.66

5.75

.00

.02

.01

.01

.22
.01
1.02

.02

.01

3.13

. 12
. 02
3. 95

4.03

.01
.10
.00
2.22

2. 84

2.96

4.13

5.56

5.63

.62
.62

. 71
.71

.95
.95

.75
.74

.81
.81

1.10
1.10

.39
.39

.46
.45

.73
.73

12.25

11. 10

9.25

10.31

10.02

8.92

16.23

14.67

10.68

3.27

2. 92

2.71

2.46

2. 39

2.28

4.82
.03
3.34
.24

4.43

4.31

3.37
. 13
.92

3.78
.03
. 49

.02
2.2 1
.17
.88

.01
2. 17

.01
2.21

. 10
.64

.06
.43

.98
.03
.04
.30
.06
.48

1. 04
. 01
. 02
. 58
. 04
. 34

.92

.06

. 05

.66
.01
.01
.39
.02
.20
.00
.02

8.00

7. 13
. 09
. 79
. 05
. 14

5.88

.02

.07
.80
.05
.15

.01

. 12
.04

.01

.40
1.46
.31
.03

.10
.02

.37

.11

.64
.39
1.60
.11

.02
1.2 1

26.73

.01

.10

.81
.05

.11
.00
.11
.05
.00

.01

. 12
. 04
. 00
. 37
1.31
-23
. 02
- 10
. 02
.38
. 10
. 64
. 37
1. 20
.07
. 03
1.09
25. 82

-23
1.08

-22
.01

.09

.01

.28
.07
.74
.26
.79
.05

.01
1.66
. 12
.66

.01

.01
.09
.01

.01
.09
.01

.02

.02
.09
.01

.01

1.71

.46

1.21

.02

1.01
.01

.78

1.39
.04

1.55

.07
.24
.03
.49

.04
.52
.03
.37

.02
.01

.01
.01

.40

.47

-60
.04
.13
.00

.05

.04

6.94
- 11
.75
.06
.13
.14

6.62
. 12
.75
. 06
. 15
. 00
. 14

.90
. 19

.23
.92
. 17

.15
.91
.18

.02

.01

.02
.00
.21

.01

.02
.00

.10

.00
.01

.02

.80

.02

.11

.31
.00
.03

.63

.93
.08
.42

.09

.08

.02

5.87
. 11
.76
.07
.14

10.02

8.69
.04
.73
.05
.13

.13

. 11
.06

5.56
- 05
.63
.04
- 03
- 02
.05
. 07
. 00
.14
1.76
.26

.00
.02
.00

.02
.04
.77
.05
.17

.01

.01

.01

.01
.10
.07
.01

.44
2.50
.47
.07

.42
2.36
.36
.06
.09

.02

.01

.31
.09
.44
.58
1.36

.01

.10
.01

. 17
.05
.43
.29
.63

.01

.01

. 10

. 10

.01

.01

.09

.36
.09

.37
.08
.82
.31

.10
.02

.33

.06
.03
1.06

.28
.05
.98
.28
.82
.05
.03
.82

.49
.62
1.84
-13
1.65

1.35

.02
.72

19.60

21.11

23.73

24.43

29. 74

.01

.86

.80
27.63

20.78

90

.01

.01
. 12
.00

1.72
. 10
.56

.28
1.55
.09
.03
1.03

.02

.01
. 10
.00

1.21

.01

.11

.01

.09

.10

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Aircraft
and parts

Motor
vehicles,
equipment

Transport­
ation
equipment
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

6.35
2.06
.03
.04
1.93

6. 38

6.58
2.27

2.84
.27
.04
.07
1.24

2.87
.29
.03
.06
1.33

2.92
.31

2.72
.28

2.71
.28

.07
1.56

1.59

1.62

2.87
.23
. 00
.03
1.71

.51
.67

.42
.71

.24
.71

.44
.31

.41
.31

Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices
Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Sadio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.02

.07
.90
1.17

2.32
. 03
.04
1. 88
. 02
.05
. 84
1.08
.03
.09

.02
.05
2.10
.02
.11

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01

.01
.00

.02
.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01
.01

.02
.01

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00

.00

.05

.36
.42
. 00
.09

.01

.62
1.24
.05
.08
.03

3.02

3. 12

3.11

1.26

1.26

.93

4.27

4.72

5.37

8.20

7. 51
. 02
. 13
. 17
. 10
. 91
2. 57
.58
.24
.36
.03
.96
1.45

7.84

7.83

7.33

7.46

8-80

8.52

10.51

.04

.00
.00
.21

. 12
1.28
1.61

.09
.42
3.49
.15

.09
.36
3.62
.16

.56

.45

. 21
. 10
. 35
3.97
. 18
.17
.60

1.99
1.79

1.79
1.72

2. 24
2.65

7.08
.14
5.19

7.66
.18
5.61

10.04
. 18
7.95

.05

. 00
.07
.07

.02
.11
.02

.03
. 17
.17

.10
1.01

2.70
.46

.22
.47
.03
1.24
1.60
6.58
.13
1.83
.03
.14
2.08

.02
.00

1.52

.01
.11

.15
.09
.76
2.73
.57
.34
.40
.04
.97
1.69

6.45

7.63
.18
1.77

. 15
1.62
.03
. 11
1. 96

.02
.10

2.61
.03

.02
.01

.01

1.83
.03

2.17
.07

.02
.01
.22

.01
.02
.22

.13
1.96
1.32
.91
.24
.48
.04
.37
2.15

1.88

7.60
.08

7.07
. 11

.08
.32
4.68

.06
.23
3.94

.02

.01
.01
2.10
.01
.01
.04
.01

. 13
1.61
1.45
1.06
.23
.38
,04
.33

.02

.01

. 01
2.41

.00
.20

1.02

.27
.44
.04
.37
2-08
8.60

.10

.03
.03

.21

5.20

.00

.06

.10
.01

.00
.00

.14
.04

.01
.02

.00

2.79

.89

.00

.00
.00
.21

.11

.01

.00
.00
.12

.00
1.02
.01
.02

.00

.00
.00

.02

.00

.00

1.03

.01
.00
.03
.01

.01
.02
.20
.00

.18

.00

.21
.00

.25

.24

. 15

.45

.47

.45

.00
.00

.09
.04

.00
.00

.03

.16
.04

.01

.01
.00

.08
.03

.10

.03

.02
.02

.16
.05
.03

.01

. 14
.04
.03

.05

.06

.06

.04

.05

.07

.08

.08

.05

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.06

. 05

.05

.04
.03

.03

.04

.05
. 04

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shipfitters
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

2.40
.28
.03
.49

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

Operatives
Operatives,except transport

343-899
 0 - 8 1 - 7


.02
.01
.22

.08
.49

.11
.04

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01

.04
.17

.01
. 14
.11

.02

.18
.16
.33

.44

.10

. 12
.04
. 01

.00
.00

.01

.04
.03

-02
.01
.01

2.32
.30

1.14

.94

1,08

.01

.10
.58
.02

.49

.42

.57

.05
.19

.07
.23

.06
.09

.07

. 10
.14

.02
.02

.30
.04
. 44

.01

.01

.01
.01

.00

.01

.01

.01

.35

.19
.15
.49

. 13
. 11
.43

.10

.08

.17

.47

36.09

38.56

33.76

35. 88

.54

.03

.01

.01

.02
.02
2. 20

.00
.00
.01

.01

.01
.00

.49

.01
.01

.00

.11
.00
.00
.01

.01
.01

.00

.00
.00
.01

.02
.01
,68
.02
.00
.18
.00
.01

.06

.01
.01
.01
.22
.10

.02
.01

.02

.05

.01

.01

.63

.77

.16

.28
. 00

.02
.00
.00
.01

.08

.01
.00
.02

.09

.01
.01
.01
.20

.02
.02
.01
.20

.06
.07

.04
.09

.09

.08
. 14
.08

.07
. 13
.05

41.15

49.79

51.00

52.63

25.15

24.09

23.43

37.93

46.05

46.91

47.83

24.43

23.36

22.73

91

.22

.06

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Transport­
ation
equipment

Motor
vehicles,
equipment

Aircraft
and parts

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

10.05
.53

8.44
.19
.27
.62

11.27
.42
.39
1.35
.05
.75

.20

6.33
.57

5.10
.38

.45
.87

1.33

.99

4. 16
.17
.09
.62

5.47

12.95
.61
.37
1.77
.06
1.13
.15
.71
3.02
.14
5.00

9.24

1.29
.03
1.23
.15
.48
1.52
.14
4.48

9. 50
. 37
.24
.99
. 03
. 81
. 14
. 36
1.31
. 09
5. 16

.50
2.30
.07
5.32

5.31

4.73
4.20
.03
.50

4.90
4.39
.03
.49

5.59
5.05
.04
.50

6.48
5.66
.04
.78

6.79
5.98
.04
. 77

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

18.99

21.48
. 14
11.83
. 52
.03
. 76

23.90
.13
14.68

26.61

.26
. 15
.09
2.50
2.49

.26
.09
.09
2.70
2.77

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

2.33

2. 68

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
ielders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.22

.10

9.62
.46
.05
.81

.02

.07
.15
1.58

.12

.30

.01
.20

.01
.12
1.07
.00
.01
.01

.01

.53
.08
.25

1.00
.02

.62
.01

.58

.01

.02

15.54
.57

.00
1.20

.02
.20

1.26

.43
.41
.19
1.30

.33
.33
.16
1.32

8.43
7.46
.05
.92

4.60
4.25

4.44
4. 16

.33

.26

.12

28.86

30.15

13.49

13.83

18.20
.59

21.32
.59

6.59

7.29

14.09
.03
9. 14
- 18

.00

.00

1.06

.46
.04
.30
1.59

.00

.00

.00

1.01

.73

.72

.70

.07
.31

.07
.32

.03
.31

.03
.30

3.26
2.41

3.40
2.49

.44
.08
.07
3.01
1.67
4.80

.11

3.22

3.75

4.08

. 01
. 13
1.31

. 13

1.29

.13
1.98

. 01
. 02

.00
.20

.01

.01

.03
.03

.01

.01
.01
.02

2.20
.01
.01
.02

.01

-02
.60
.00

.05
2.08
1.73

.42
.07
.06
2.42
2.72

.12

.21
.10
.65
.00

.13
.08
.18
.06
2.05
1.75

.08
.39
. 14

.27
1.89
.05
. 14
. 00
.09
.35
. 10

.00

.02

4.49
4.32
.04

.05
.09
.76
.23
.48

.02
.11

.25
2.30
.05
.14

.00
.22

.21

.02

.02

1.05
. 18
.32
.24
.08
1.38

. 12
.37
1.52
.03
. 12

.11

1.30
.08
.29

.01
.21

.02

.21

.71

.03

.20

.02

.02

.14
.69

.08

.07
. 17
1.43
. 11
.28

.02

.00
.11

.01
.21
1.96
.01
.02

.00

.00

.01

.00
.00
.00

.05
.08
.59

.03
.07
.39

.45

.39
.00
. 08
.08
.09
.03
1.74

.22

.00
.12

.07

.12

.01

.00
.00
.00

.21

.00
.11
.22
.00
.00
.00
.01

.19
.89

.21

.97

1.45

.40
1. 19

.40
1.29

.04
.41
2. 17

2.36

2. 12

1.47

2.97

2.60

1.77

1.84

1.55

.91

1.42
.25
1.17

1 27
.
. 24
1.03

.77
.16
.62

1.99
.37
1.62

1. 68
- 31
1.37

. 86
.13
.73

.11

.94

.76
.11

.83

.66

.34
.06
.28

.14
.04

. 11
.03

.08

.14
.04

. 11
.03

.08
.03

.17
.04

. 12

.01

.14
.03

.01

.02
.01

.06

.06

.07

.04

.03

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.03
.03

.71
.05
.65

.64
.05
.59

.42
.04
.38
. 00

.01

.04

.02

.20

.02
.01

.01

. 03

.03

.01

.03

Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.03

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.76
.05
.69

.02

.03

.01

.03

.02

.01

.04

.03

.03

. 03
. 00

.00
.01
.01
.01

.01

.01
.01

. 02




.00

.10

1.80

.12

.02

.10

.06

.05

.01
.00
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.70
.04

.59
.03
.56

.66
.01

.01

92

.00
.02
.02
.02
.78

.02

.75

.01

.01
.01
.01
.02

.03

.00
.01
.02
.02

.00
.01
.01
.02

.76

.80

.02

.74

.01

.02

.77

.01

.02

.01

.01

.01

.36

.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Transportation
equipment

Aircraft
and parts

Motor
vehicles,
equipment

1970

tLjborers, except farm
^Carpenter heifers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

3,28

3. 17
. 10

2.77
.16
.17
1.08
.04
.07
.31

4.41

4.06

.82

.05
1.60
.04

3. 16
.05
.03
1.48
.03

1.01
.01

.07
1.67
.04

.09
.39
.04

.06
.34
.04

.02

.00

.00

.49

.16

.13

.05

.11
1.00

.25

.20

.04
.03
.55

1.04
. 04
. 04
.57

.01

.35

.12

.81

.01

.01
.20
.10

.32
. 10
.74

.65

93

.02

.02

1.09

.01

.00
1.02
.01

.48
.08
.95

.41
. 09
.81

.00

.00
.01

.28
. 14
.65

.00

.00
.11

.05
.17

1978

.01

.00
.10

.04
. 10

1990

.43
.03
.23
.03

.00

.04

.01
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Ship,boat
building
and repair
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

1978

Railroad
equipment

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

10.65

9.70

9.74

8.50

8.69

7.52

4. 13
.04
.03
.13
1.14
.56
1.87
.08

3.43
.05
. 02
.08
.79
. 53
1.65
.06

3.89
.05
.04
.08
.94
.53
1.97
.05

3.13
.03

2. 84

2.42

.02

.01

.03

.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

1.89

1.94

1.94

2.32

.52

.44
.07

1.32
. 13
.09

1.09
. 16
. 15
. 02

.01

.01
2. 16

.02
.68

. 02

.07
. 01
.06

.52
. 07
.03
.03
. 50

.02

.05
.61

.10

.40

.68

.96
.07

.10

.00

.01
.00

.39

. 12

.00

.39
.74
.45
.18

.07

.00

.00
.02

.00
.01

.07
.30
.06

.65

.09

.09

. 14

.00
.88
.20

.21

.00
.00

.02

.00

.00

.50

.66

.44

.40

.54
.03

.00

.25
.03

.00

.02
.01
.00
.00

.53

.96

.05

.06

.08

.08

.00

.02
.02
.00
.00

.01
.00

. 00

.02
.02
.01

.05

.03

.06

.04

.03

.01
.00
.01

.09

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.04

.04

.02
.01
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.01
.01
.01

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.12
.01
.11

. 12
. 01

.11

.07

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.12
.01
.02
.01

. 12

.15
.04

.02

.02
.02

.01
.01
.10

. 01
. 07

.13

.01
.01

.00
.02

.01

.01
.01
.00
.02

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.21
.11
.01

.37
. 21
. 14
. 02

.40

.21
.16
.02

.31
.19

.41

.03

. 16
.05

.34
. 14
.17
.04

Social scientists
Economists

.05
.04

. 11
. 10

.09
.09

.11

.11

. 18
. 18

. 18
.18

Teachers
Adult education

.11
.11

.08
. 08

.04
.04

.03
.03

.03
.03

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.89

1.31

1.40

.00

.00

.53

.62

.07
.65
.05
.04

. 13
.99
.07
.03

.04
.32

.04

.05

.26
.95
.08
.05
.03
.03




.04

.02
.11

.01

.02

.04
.03
.18
.08

.05
.05

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.01

.00

.00

.04
.05

1. 00

.33

.58
. 00
. 00

.02
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.08

.00
.00
.02

.01
.01
.00
.00

. 01
. 01

.07

.44

.01
.01
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.05

.43

.00
.00

. 18
. 15
.03

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.02

100.00 100.00 100.00
2.20 2.38 2.60

.12
.00
.00

. 14
.07
. 06
. 01

.10

.07

1.23
.69
.08
.04
.05
.61

.00
.01
.00

1990

.10
.10
.00
.00

. 22

.21
.12

2.71

.02
.02

1978

.79

.01
.22

.28

.02

.02
.10

1970

.05
.39
.74
.80
.09
.04
.70

Life and physical scientists
-Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1970

Mobile
dwellings

.01

.02

94

.10

.02

.04
.06
.06

.20

.00

.03
.38

.02

.03
.07

.11

.01

.03

.00

.05

.00
.00

.00
. 00
.07

.02
.02

.01
.01
.02
-02
.02

.02
.02
.02
.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

. 02

.49

.27

.32

.00
.01

.02

.29

.29

.00
.00
.20
.01
.00

.23

.01
.00

.21
.01
.00

.04
. 14

.06

.08

.07

.01
.01

.00

.00
.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Ship,boat
building
and repair

Railroad
equipment

Mobile
dwellings

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.88
.68

1. 78
.79
. 17
. 02

1.57
.85
.15

2. 16

2.41
1.24
. 00

1.53
.74

.85
.65

.98
.75

.94
.73

.36

.03
.37
.38
.03

. 44
.31

.00

. 00

.01
.01
.35
.20
.01
.00

3-54

4. 63

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.67
.09

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers
Clerical workers
Stenograpfars,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunc h
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.01

.02

1.17

.00
.10
.00

.11

.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02

.41
.43
.04

.00
.57
.45
.04

.48
.26
.03

4.81

3.25

3.48

. 67
.08

.63
.06

.47

. 44
. 14

.42
.14

.95
.06
.03
.58
.28

2.87

3.96
. 01
. 14
. 09

4.18
.13
.09

3.71

.00

.01

.01

.29

. 40
. 00
.40

.46

.49

.37

.01
.10

10.48

9. 33

9.15

10.74

10.77

2.36

2. 03

2.12

2.92

1.36
.08
. 57

.03
1.64
.04
.42

2.08
. 19
.65

2.70
. 00
2.07
.07
.56

2.03

.00
1.88

.47

.04
.16

.58

.44

.77

.61

.01

.10

.01
.12

.08

.01
2.66

.29

.00

.01
1.20
.18
.96
.54
.03

.01

.18
.03
.27

.00

.03

.00

.00

.00
.02

.15

.00

.02
.01

.03
. 16
.03

.02

.01

2.78

7.98

8.94

9.90

.96
.06

1.17
.06

2.23
.16

.53
. 35

.57
.54

2.19
.16
.03
1.27
.74

1.17
.87

2. 98
.15
.04
1.43
1. 35

2.29

2.52

1.61

5.79

6.71

6.93

.05

.07

.35

.01

.00
.01

.31

.01

.00
.01

.06
.00

3.94

2.23

2.45

1.54

5.47

6.36

.50
.00
. 00
6.42

.38

. 12

2.04

1. 48

2.04

1.86
.01
1.86

10.79

6.28

6.28

7. 19

2.50

2.07

2.02
.00
1.88
.02

2. 18
.00

.02

.01

.02

.01

.01

.01

.00
.00
.00

.46

.01
.01

.01
.01

.34
. 02
. 18
. 00
. 02

.31

.01

.09

.00
.01

95

.00

.00

.50

.00

.71
.04
.03
.15
.06
.42

.02
.00

.00

.01

.00

.02
.02

. 33
.07
.33

.01
.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.01

.00
.00
.01

.02

.01

.00
.00

. 14
.05

.01

.00

1.48

2.06

.01

.13

. 11

.02

.14
.04

. 16

.00

.02
.00

.19
. 05

.03
.24
.14
. 17

.03

.08

. 11

.07

.05

.03
. 00

.00
.00

.01

.00
.00

.01

.00
.00

.00

.01

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Ship,boat
building
and repair

Railroad
equipment

Mobile
dwellings

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store Keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading roach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

7.58
.04

6. 72

6.58
.05

7.10
.18
.65

7.31
. 22
.64

7.69
.35
.61

4.07
.06
1.08

4.10
.06
1.05

4.82
.08
1.06

.18

.16
.18

. 18

. 15
.33

.07
.16
.07
.59
.06

1.03

.04
.90
.03
. 18
. 09
. 02
. 84
. 99
.29
.02
. 10
. 03
. 48
. 08
. 28
.27
. 99
. 06
. 03
. 98

.86

.03

.21

.09

.02

.98
1.07
.37
.03
.14
.04
.46
.07
.25
.27
1.49
.11

.02

1.02
.02
.11

.03
.82
.98
.42

.01

.01
.00

.06
.08
.04
.34
.03

.06
.09
.05
.40
.04

. 13

.02

. 14

.01

.04

.04

.39
. 14
.29
.35
1.60

.19
.26
.81
.07
.71

.25
.75
.08

.03
.89

.72
. 12
.47
.37
1.35
.03
.04
.97

.44
.04
.32
.27
.62

.73
. 11
.58
.33
1.40

.02
.03
1.11

.01
.00

.40
1.57
.13

.37

.02

.09

.22
.00

.02

.45
1.26
.13

.00

1.12
.15
.02
.12
.02

.01

.01

.06

.02

.00
.01

.01

.04

1. 16

.00
.01

.00

.01
.22

.01
.00

.00
.01
.22

.07

.01
.00

.68
.01
.00

.27

.30

.26
.80
.08
.87
. 01
. 00
. 39

48.0 1

46.91

48.49

27.08

26.32

25.23

39.33

37.12

30.39

20.29
7.95
.04
.03

20.92
9.75
. 05
. 03

7.21

6.35
1. 14
.04
.04

5.42
.70
.04
.07

22.93
14.30

14. 99
7.77

.00

.00
.01
.00

20.91
13.02

.04
.04

4.34
.05

3. 88
. 05

19.89
8.74
.08
.06
.03
4.16
.05

1.80

1.15

3.66

3.62

3.27

3. 19

2.03

.00
.02

.80
.49

3. 39
.00
.89
.67

4.27

. 01
3.74

.02
.02
1.13
.00
.00

1.70

4.67

1.05

.00

.00

.55

.00
1.57
. 43

.26
.04

. 17
. 02

.05

1.91

1.47

.21

.17

.24

.01

.02
.00
.01

.00

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00

.02

1.21
.00

.00

.00

.02
.01
1.22
.00
.00
.71

.02
.01
1.58
.00
.00
. 19

.00

.00
1.66
.00

.00
1.11
.45
.01
.00

2.69
.46
.03

.00
.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
2.22
.02

.00
.02
.00

.00
.02

4.34

5. 10

6.05

4.64

4. 65

3.22

4.19

4.44

4.39

Hetalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

10.05

8.7 5
.07
.87

10.67
.03
.65

2.78

2.92

.03
. 03
5. 26
. 10
. 35
. 30
.04
1. 50
. 19

5.95
.14
. 15
.05
.24
.38
2.98
.37
.36

5. 12
.03
.19

.03
.03
5.70
.06
.30
.38
.03
2.09
.24

6.38
.19
- 15
.07
.26
.42
2.94
.41
.39
.29
.05
.32
.91

3.14

1.08

.20

. 15
.37
. 14

.04
.25
. 80

.01

Meehanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

4.48
.25

4. 01
. 24
. 14

5.28

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices




.11

.02

.11

.00
.20
.03
1.61

.02
.02

.92

.02

1.31
. 11

.00

.05

.00
.01
.00

.04

.01

.01
.05
.02

7.32
.15
.45
.30

.02

1.28
.37
4.86
.36
.23

.00

.00
.10

. 13

.02

.04
2.59

1. 94
. 01
. 02
. 49
.03
1. 00

.01

.04
.89
.07
.53

. 12
. 00
. 05
. 00
. 01

.16

.00

.07

.00

.00
.01
.00

. 06

.09

96

.01

. 18
.43

.00
.00
.00
.02
.22

.00
.00
.00
.02
.21

.00

. 00
.00

.01

.14
.81

.17
.06
.71
.03
.05
1.73
.15

.06
1.40
.14

.27
.23
. 11
.89
. 03
. 09
1. 11
. 17

6.40
. 15

9. 19
. 14

1.33
.15

1.60
.24

2.28
. 34

.26

. 01
.29

.00

.44

.00

.24

.00

.00

1.71

2. 14

2.83

.49
.37

.00

.03
2.72
.43

.02

.00
.00
.01

.39
.32

3.30
.48

5.22
.55

.30
.04
. 10

.09

.12
.00
.02

.00

.00
.00

.36
.06

.12
.01
.02

.03

.12

.00

.00

2.66

.00
.01

.00
.02
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 13

.09

.00
.01

.19
.07
.69

.02

.00
.01

.23

.00

. 01
.29
. 00
.79
.53

.01
.00
.00
.22

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.25

.31

.02
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

. 00

.00

. 00

.00
.00

Table 1- Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Mobile
dwellings

Railroad
equipment

Ship,boat
building
and repair
1970

Transport,public util craft wxrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instair,splicers
Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisaer
Shipfitters
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

. 15

. 12
. 01
. 01
. 00

.26

.23

.31

.01

.12
.01
.01
.00
.01

.04
.07

. 11
.0 1

. 08

.01

.08

.01

8.59

7. 89

.09

. 10
. 03
1 04
.

6.74
.03
.04

.02
.01
.00
.01

.01

.02
.00
.02
.01

1.16

.69

.01

.02
.00
.01

1.50

.00

. 02
. 01
. 68
. 01

.03
.97

1990

.03

.02
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00
.00

.02
.01

.08
.07
.04

.00
.01
.29
.00
.01
.01

2.94

2.44

1.89

7.69

7.35

5.79

5.46
.47
.04
.03
.09
.14
.03

4.86
.60
.04
.05

2.47
.82
.06
.06
. 16
. 15

.00
.12

.00
.02
.00
1.87
.00
.00
.00
.65
.00
.00

.00

.00
.02
.00
1.46
.00
. 00

.00
.60
.00

.00
.01
.00

1.26

.00
.00
.00
.23
.00
.00

.02

.00

.12

. 13

. 19

.05
1.32

.04
1.44

. 00
.07
1.98

23.34

42.04

42.75

45.70

35.01

36.90

42. 31

21.99

21.29

39.99

40. 52

43. 15

30.47

33.02

39.46

10.05
.16
.08
.17

11.61
.09
. 08
. 13

12.20

20. 11

19.41
.87
.32
1.18

3.91
.06
.05
.06

3.98
.05
.05
.05

4.71
.05
.09
.05

.43
.04
.05
.14
.03
8.93

.28
.03
. 04

.19

1.23
. 16
.53
1.91
.03
13.19

.05
.03
.25

.02

.09
.05
.03
.24

.01

3.28

3.41

. 12
.07
. 06
.29
.00
3.97

1.42
1.35

1.41
1.36

1.58
1.56

.07

.06

25.14
.19

27.63
.26
9.48

.13
2.49

. 11
2. 11

1.33

20.61

23. 41

Operatives,except transport

19.29

Semiskrlled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.01

.02
.10

11.73
1.44
1.37
.04
.03

4.03
3.48
.04
.51

3.84
3.44
.03
.38

3.47
3.35

7.65
.77
1.36
.04
.34

15.06

16.56

20.28

.00

.01
.01

.11
.02

.02

. 15

8. 1 1

9. 26

.01

. 08

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.05

1. 12
1. 02
.02
.88

.86
.01
.31
.00
.00
.25
.02
.01
.01

1 25
.
.02
.37
. 00

.08
1.30

. 06
1 27
.
. 12
. 19
.05
.09
. 11
. 08

.12

.10

.13

.02

1.63
2.3 5

.05

10. 83

.03
.07
.09

.01

1.13
.97

.16
•06
.08

. 00
.04

20.90
1.09
.38
1.45
.08
1.94
.13
.44
1.52
.08
13-80

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.62

.03

. 17

.02
.00

.03

.04

.01

.04

.01
.20
.00

.01

.00

.00
.01

.01

.01

.01

.10

.15
.03

.01
.00

. 13

.02

.04
2.60

.00
.01
.00
.01

.02

. 00

.00
.02

.02

3. 56
. 02
. 16




1978

.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00

.01
.02

3.6 8
.03
.25

Operati ves

1970

.00
.00
.10
.02
.01
.01

.00

. 24
. 01
. 01

.01

.03
.95

.12

.18
.03
.08

.12

.00
3.78
.00
.85
.00
.03
.08

.02
.00

.04
.17
2.60

.11
1.10
.00

.18
. 16

.09

.10

1.65
1.72

.43
3.02
2.41

.02

.02

1.84
2. 64

97

.90
.38
1.23
.05
1.43
. 15
.39
1.48
.07
14.05

.00
4.21
.00
. 97
.00
.02
.10
. 02
.00

.04
. 12
2.53
. 13
1.23

.00

. 15
. 15
- 04
.47
3.44
2.96

.01

.01
.11

.00
4.91
.00
1.28
.00
.01
.19
.01
.00
.06

.02

3.57
. 16
1.69

.00

.00
.11

.00

8.10
.00
1.45
.02
.00
.34
.04

.00

.00

.00

1.48
.03

.00

.37
.04

.00
.01
1.21
.02

.00
.01
1.11
.02

.35

.40

.03

.00

.04

.00
.00
.01

.00

.00
.02

33. 17

.20

13.89
. 00
1.54

.01

. 00
.52
.06

.00
. 10
.01
1.43

.02

.62

.00
2.00

.00
1.20

.81

1.24

1.45

1.61
10.73

.01

2.27
.87
.04

.58
4.02
3.55

.01

.02
.00

1.33
8.87

10.12

.06
. 19

. 00

.01
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Ship,boat
building
and repair

Railroad
equipment

Mobile
dwellings

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1-33
-05

2.06
.07

2.06

2.24
. 01

.07
.35

1 42
.
.07
. 02
.08
. 38

.08

.00
.11

.06
.75

. 03
. 00
. 04
. 80

1.36

.15
.08
.56

.05
.43

1.92

1. 68

1.01

1.78

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.81
.19
.67

.75
. 14
.62

.39
.04
.35

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food seiv wkrs,exc privt

.11

.02

.03
.03

. 04
. 02
.02
. 03

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies

.02
.01
.02

.02
.01
.01

Personal service workers
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.03

. 03

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.91
.17

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garaenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers#eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.02

-01
.02
.00

.14
.05

.01
.02

.68

.06
4.51
.23
.98
.44
.05

.20

.09

.00

.67
.43
1.42

2.55

.01
.00

4.54

3.88

2. 84

.00

. 08
1.31

. 10
1.49

.03
.60
.72

.04
.52
.90

.55
1.24

. 14

.28
.45

.01
.20

.07
3.12

.04
2.38

. 00
1.05

1.71

1.41

2.60

2.37

1.81

1. 16

1. 11

1.88

.29
.87

.30
.82

.91
.27
.64

.46
1.42

1.76
.48
1.28

1.51
.53
.98

.11
.02

.11
.01

.01

.09

.09

.05

.04
.03
.03

.04

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.04

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.04

.02
.02

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.02
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.02
.00

.02
. 02

.02
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

. 77
.09
.65
.03

.45
.04
.40

.49

.39

.72

.60

.39

.71

.60

. 29
. 00
.29
. 00

3. 93
.24
. 72
.45
. 04
.28
.09
. 00
. 60
. 26
1.26

3.01
.25
.39
.44
.06
.50
.03

4.16
.93
.89
1.25

.01

.08
.45

.01

.02
.00

.08
1.08

.01

.00
.00

.02
.02

.01

. 01

.02

.00

.24
.16
.96

98

.00

.48

.01
6.11

.15
.33
.93
.04

.00

.29

.01

.29
.09
3.98

.00
.21

.02
.02

.00

.48
. 00
.47

.01

.00

.01
.03
.01

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.01

5.90
. 14
.30
.99
.04

6.44
. 19
.25
1.28
.05

4.56
1.23
.97
1.23

.00

.02
.00

.34

.35

.19

. 34

.09
.07
.75

.00
.01

.32
.07
3.69

.01
.02

3.95

.01

.00 •

.00
.00
.00

.00
.01

.02
.00
.21
.01
.10
.06
.68

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00

4.33
. 78
.82
1.57
.03

.00
.21
.01

. 12
.05
.74

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Cycles,
misc trans­
portation
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

15.56

19.21

19.37

17.51

2.43
.08
.03
.04
.24
.36
1.47
.08

2. 15
. 05

1.78

5.76
.08
.17
.05
1.42
1.23

5.09
.08
. 17
.04
1.25

4.48
.06
. 18
.05
1.07
.92
.06
.09
1.04

7.28
.19
.06
.03
2.17
1.54
1.24

6.61
. 18
.05
.03
1.92
1.43

. 98
.05
. 14
1.17

7.96
.19
.06
.04
2.35
1.50
1.39
.46

.33
1.61

.78
.03
.07
.49

.73
.03
.06
.48

.46
.03

.50
.07
.03

.48
.09
.04
. 11

.01
.01
.01

.02
. 02
.21

.15
.64
.77

.43
1.23
. 05

1.11

1.21

1.01

.10

.10

1.10

.01

.01
.01

.14

. 13

.19

1.41

.05

.06

.00
.00

.10
.00
.00

.02

. 06

.07

.04
.51

.01

.01

.03

.17

. 17

.14

.02
.00

.03
.14
.04

.03
.13
.03

.06

.05

.06
.04

.05
.03

.00

5.80
.09
. 17
1.52

.02

. 00

1.45

.00
.00

.05

.00
.00
1.00

.08

.00

Social scientists
Economists
Teachers
Adult education

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.84
.58
.04
.05
.09
.08

.01

.04

.04

.04

.02

.02

.00

.00
.00

4.67

4.61
.05
.27

.82
. 09

.75
.09

1.31
.99
.18
.09
1.87

4.59
.03
.23
1.07
1.07
.23

5.64
.04
.08
1.95
1.70
.14

5.64
.05
. 10
1.60
1.91

2.00

1.61

.15
1.62

.29
. 19
1.54

.08

.07

.00
.00
.00

.03

.00
.00
.00

.07

.06

.03

.05

.07
.03
.04

.07
.03
.00
.03

.23
.03
.05
. 15

.28
.05
.04
. 19

.07
.57

.17
.15

.02
.20

1.51

. 00

. 05
. 38

.02
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02

.20

1.36
. 00

.02

.02
.21

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
. 00
. 02
. 02

.00

. 02

.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.21

.12
.01
.01
.02
.40

.08

.01

.02
.20

.06

.05
.32

.03

.76

1.86

. 12
.27
1.51

.00
.00
.00

.00

.02

.00
.00
.00

.22

.01

.02

.03

.05

.00

.02

.02
.00
.10
.10




1978

16.98

.00
.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer prcgramers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

16.55

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool prograirers,numerical
Other technicians except health

1990

5.68

.00
.00
.00

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
fiadiologic technologists,tech
Other health technicians

1978

6.27

.00
.00
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dentists
Optometrists
Physicians and osteopaths
Begistered nurses

1970

6.26

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

Scientific
instruments

Professionl
scientific
instruments

.02

.11

1.85
. 13

.01
-01

.01

1.11

1.15
.25
. 14
1.64
.19
.03

.01

.03
.07

.08
.05

.76

.63
.03

.02
.00

.02
.00

.38

.74

.11
.01
.02

.13

.02
.02

.02
.01

.07

.12

.00
.00
.00

.59

.02
.00
.02

.14

.17

. 09

. 11

.05
. 11

.00

.02

.20

.00

.03

.03

. 18
. 03
. 00

.22
.03
.00

.77
.46
.27
.04

. 97
.52
.37
.07

.89
.51
.34
.04

.81
.46
.30
.06

1.06
.54
.43

.10

.99
.53
. 39
.07

. 19
.19

.26
.26

.33
.32

.53
.52

.58
.57

.24
.24

.39
.39

.46
.46

.00

. 00

.00
.00

.05
.05

.05
.05

.04
.04

.04
.04

.04
.04

.03
.03

.99

.85
.59

1.02

1. 12

1.22

.58
. 15
.07
. 14
.18

.97
.46
.15

1.13

.53
.15
.07

.79
.46
.07

.25

.68

.01
.01

.03
.03
. 11
. 14

.08
.17

99

.11
.16

.10

. 12
.13

.66
.12
.00
.10

.24

.71

.12
.00

.00

.13
.27

. 11
. 15

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Cycles,
misc trans­
portation

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1.14
.69
.04

1.27
.77
. 05

Scientific
instruments

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.93

2.79
1. 17

2.27
.89
.07

2.58
1.26
.06
.04
.58
.47
.17

2.83
1.28
.07
.04
.81
.48
.15

1.96
.75

.18

.22
.02

.00
.22
.22
.01

.14

.11
.01

2.51
1. 11
.09
.03
.52
.46
.32

7.00

7.20

6.07

7.78

8.52

8.06

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, ere retail trade

1.90
.14
. 14
.87
.74

1. 90
. 17
.09
. 87
.77

2.43
.24

1.78
.16
.07
.83
.72

1. 82
. 16
.04
.76
. 86

2-41
.15
.04
.95
1.28

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Hesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

5.10

5.29

3.64

.01

6.00
.00

6.70

.29

. 30
. 00
4.97

.40

.25

.28

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.88
.00
1.88

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




.02

.00

4.80

.02

.11
1.20
.89

.00

.11

.03
.73
.47
.28

.00

.01

.74
.33
.23

.00

.03
.72
. 34
.13

t
o
4
?

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

.00

.66
.01
.00

0
0

1970

Professionl
scientific
instruments

8.63

7. 11

2.11

3.07
. 11

.81

2.17
.13
.03
1.06
.95

5.65

6.14

6.46

4. 04

.36

.24

.27

.00

.14
.07

1.10
.00

.00

.02

1.49
1.46

.00

.36

.01

.01

.01

.02

.02

.01

3.23

5.74

6.41

5.29

5.88

6.17

3.66

.87

2.23
.03

1.62
.05
1.57

1.87
.03
1.85

1.55
.05
1.51

.81
.09
.72

1. 59
1.59

.87

2.21

2.06
.04
2.03

11.78

11. 45

11.24

17.25

16. 86

17.42

17.02

16.75

17.56

3.20

2. 98

2.92

6.07

5.83

6.36
.03

6.33

6.14

.02
5.37
.01

6.01
.00
.00

4.78

4.77
.04

5. 16

.94

1.45

1.20

1.09
.05
.03
.59
.05
.28

1.20

1.34
.04
.03
.64
.07
.43

.00
.02
2.14
.10

.93
.62

.00
.00

.13

.00

.00

.00
.01
2. 16

.00
.00

4.62

.60

1.32

.56

1.29
.07
.03
.33
.05
.64
.03
.14

1.43
.04

9.89
.26
1.39
.05

9.61
. 29
1. 36
.05
.25
.38
.03
.30

.01

.70
. 00

.00

.00
.00

.30

.29

.01
.12
.00

. 13

.14

7.77
. 20
1.30
. 03
. 17
. 20
.00
. 14
.64
. 13
. 00
. 13

7.76

1.67
.2 1
1.44
.15
.06
.90

.72
. 10
1.40
. 23
1.31
. 07
.07
. 93

.59
.09
.99
.24
1.34

19.40

18.39

7.96
.19
1.30

.02
.14
.20
.00
.10

.55
.14

.00
. 12
.00
.68
.10

.01
.01

2.31

. 04
.77

.01
. 26
.00

.02
.36
.00
.12

.01
.01

.22

1.19
.04
.23
.17

.00
.20

.94
.19

.11

.22

.34
.03
.26
1.14
.38

4.66
.05
1.09

.02

.70
.05
.49
. 01
. 12

1.21

.07
1.08

.25
.07
.51
.35
1.27
.41
1.37
.17
.06
1.34

.32
.03
.25
.06
.50
.34
1. 12
.46
1. 15
. 10
.05
1.35

15.96

16.90

16.63

.00
.00

.19

.00

.01

100

.02

.01

.09

.00
.00

.10

.06
.03
.30
.08
.57
.03
.13

.00
.00

.00

.98

.13

1.04
.05
.03
.52
.09
.25
. 00
. 10

9.40
.23
1.19

10.39
.27
1.04
.47
.04
.29
2. 19
.33

.01

9.97
.41
1.34
.05
.27
.51
.04
.24
1.52
.32

9.49

.25
1.33
.38

.18
.33
.03
.31
1.51
.32

.28
.04
.38
.31
.98
.49
1.04
.06
.06
1.60

.14

.01

.14

.01

. 17

.50
.28
1.14
.36
1.47
.17
.05
1.42

.49
.27
1.07
.42
1.28

.29
.27
1.27
.49

.06
1.45

.04
. 09
1.70

16.32

15.24

14.99

14.30

.02

.22

1.26

.02

.15
.30

.02

.00

.02

.00

.10

.02
.20

.00

.01

1.20

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Professionl
scientific
instruments

Cycles,
raise trans­
portation

Scientific
instruments

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

4.25

2.38
.58
.33

1.33
.24
.54

1. 19
. 19
.52

1.11
.10

1.29

.51

.49

1.16
.16
.48

-93
.05
. 44

.09
.82
.44
.04

3. 64
1.68
.65
. 00
.08
. 88
.33
.03

1.16
.15
.03

.35

. 19
.29

.00

.31

.00

.23
.35

.00

.28

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.00

5.06

3.91

4.17

4. 10

3.33

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
dob and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

4.61
.05

3. 88
.03
.06
. 04
. 82
1.39
. 15

2.91

4.18

3.58

.04

.03

2.86
.00
.02
.00

.09
2. 13

.07
1.94

.03
.23

.03
. 15

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
* Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

2.11
.75
.00

.12

.06
.91
1.55
.17

.21

.00
.12

.00
.01
.01
.93
.76
.06
.25

.20

.34

.24

.00

.20
.00

.40
.80

.31
.64

.19
.52

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircr'aft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Badio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

4.00
.04

4.51
.05

5.62
.05

.03
.74

.03
.70
. 00
. 00

.00

.01

.00

.00
.01

.11

.01

.00
.00

.00
.01

.11

.00

.00

.09
.09
.03
.29

.08
2.69
.08
.03
.18

. 11
2.62
.04
.03
. 10

2.68
.01

.01

.02

.05
. 18

1.91
.06
.05
.09
.93

2.35
. 06
.03
.06
.92

3.38
.07
.07
.04
.82

1.77
.15

2.29
.17

3.80
.24

.14

1.12

.08
1.23

1.37

.34

-25

.44

.39

.02
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

.03

.01
.02

.01
.02

1.41
.58
.18

1. 20

1.13
.15
.25

3.58
.08
.03
.40

.38

.01

.01

.15

. 13
.08

.10
.02

.09

.00
.00

.02

.01

.06
.05

.11
.00
.00

.11
.00

.00

.01

.13
.18

.03

.02
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

3.74
.06

4. 12

.93
.09
.04

.90
.08
.03

.89
.03
.05

.01
.00
.00
.86
2.18
.00

.03

.03

.04
. 00

.04

.16

.02
.33
.01
.00
.02

.02
.02
.01

.03
.70

.00
.00
.05
.02

.48

.18

.19

.24

.52
2.43

.00
. 12
.00
.01
.01

.00
.02
.02

48.63

50. 16

55.34

35.64

35.56

37.93

45.41

46. 92

52.36

34.85

34.77

.01

.59
.48
.28
2.78
.18
8.16

.45
.52
.25
2.61
. 13
8.38

.47
.51
.35
3.11
.03
8.71

.54

101

.20
.00
.88
.20

.37
.64
.67

.86

. 15

.20
.00
.03
.09

.03

.30

.02

.01
.10

.00
.02

.02
.12

. 00
. 10
.33

4.47
.63
.03

.00

.00

. 10

.01
.00
.00
.22

.03
.60

.00

.00
.00

.02
.11

2.00
.00
.21
.00
.01
.02

.02
.00

.00
.00

.02
.10

.02

.00
.00
.03
.01
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.20

.21

.01

.04
.14

.03
.03

14.65
.72

.01

.05

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

13.96
.75
.25
. 60

.03

.00

.04
.09

.03

14.40
.94
.26
.72

.00

.04
.07

.01
.00

. 01
.03




.06

.04
.06

.01
.00

.05

.02

.06

.00

5.80
. 13

.06

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Me£al platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

3.99

.00

4.10
. 14

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Operatives,except transport

2.49

4.48

3.45

. 09

Operatives

3.94

4.97

4.63
.09

.00

.00
.00
. 03
.02
.00
.00
.02
. 08
.00

4.15

3.66
. 10

.11
.00

.00
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.02
.17
.00
.00
.12

.00

3.24
.08

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.47
. 16

.00

.13
.93

1.45

.00

.24
. 19

.23
1.13

1 40
.

.00

.01
.00

.31
1.42

1.31

.00
.02

.11
.01

.01
.00
.22

.18
1.05

.00
.02

1.77
.07

.08
1.31
.07
.03

.01
.00

.29
1.25

2.21
. 08
.00
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00
.20

.01
.22
1.02

.01
.02
.86
.00
.00
3.12
.10
.00
.02

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shipfitters
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

.02

.00
.00
-20

.21

.31

.00

.00

.00
.02
.35
.00
.10
.01
.00
.00

.04

.00

.09

.00

.01
.01

.37

.00
.02
.01
.00

.25

.00
.35

35.63

36.01

39.91

37.07

35.06

35.47

39.38

3.64
.46
.03
. 16

3.20
.36
.06
.15

6.17

5.32
.80

.23

.00

.00

.19

5. 16
.76
.05
. 18

.63
. 19
.26
.53
.53
.84

.64
.16
.24
.53

1.27

.97

.00

.22

.84

1.01
.02

.02

.00

.20

.21

.48
.61
1.04
1.31

.40
.57

.88

1,28

.00
1.12

.24
.51
.73
.41
1. 16

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Professionl
scientific
instruments

Cycles,
misc trans­
portation

Scientific
instruments

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

4.01
2.60

3.62
2.51

2.94
2.42

7.66
5.47

.52

.10
2.10

7.03
5.11
.09
1. 84

6.27
4.83
.07
1.36

6.65
5.46
.09

1.39

.01
1. 10

1.10

6. 16
5.25
.08
.84

5.74
5.33
.03
.38

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
fiiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Fdrnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Binding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

27.00
13.34
1.30

29. 35
15.09
1. 35

34.77
18.88
1.41

22.73
10.29
.73

24. 10
10.91
.80

27.61
13. 16

22.25
13.21
.36

24.00
14.45
.40

.69

.72

.01
.02

.97

.01
.01

.79

2.82
.05
.23
.41
.84

2.63
. 04
.23
.35
.76
.05
.04
2. 79
5. 27

3.37

.06
.70

.83
.24
.05
.62
.65
. 10
.06
.61
.04
.38
5.49
3.31

1.03
.31
.05
.76
.77
.13

.40
.05
.07
.85

.41
.06
.06
.79

28.49
17.90
.54
. 00
.53
.09

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.02

.00

.02
.02

.12

.06
2.54
4.56
3.22

.02

.26
1.51

.00

.00

3. 24
. 02
. 20
1.81

.00

.00

.02
.22

.18
.97

.01

.22

.68
.10

3.01
5.71

.08
.54
.07
.38
5.15
2.92

2.99

.79

.01
.01

.00

.11

1.03
.04
.42
5.56
3. 34

.15
.14
.05
.06
.27
4.22
2.31

.00

.02

.00

.02

.10

1.13
. 06
.23
.03

.05
.03
.30
4.46
2.64

.41
4.61
2.85

.10

.16

.10
.01

.00

.78

.86
.00

.56

.53

.00

.00

. 14
.40
.04

.05
.31

.05
. 44

.20

.15
.51
.04
.17

.06
.24

.89

.15
.33
.04
.26

.24

.16

.04

1.99

.00
1. 21

1.68

1.60

1.41

1.93

1.69

1.31

1.45

1.32

1. 15

1.23
.25
.98

1.20

1.15
.27

1.26
.18
1.08

1.14
. 19
.95

.91
. 18
.73

.10
.86

.95

.91
. 10
.81

.10

.03

. 13

.27
. 93

.00

.53

1.43

.88

.00
.02
.01
.00
.00
.00

.02
. 00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.16

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.08

.00
.08
.00

.00

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards

.34
.03
.31
3.38
.17
.13
1.45




1.00
.01

.00

.01
.10

Food service workers
Baiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,!ountain workers
Baiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

.01

.00

.76

.10

.25
.52

.02

.02

.01

.91

.80

.08

.02
.02

.00
.01
.02
.00
.01

.07

.02
.02
.02

.02
.03
.01
.02
.01

.05

.04

.05

.03

.03

.05

.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01

.02
.02
.03

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02

.00

.03

.02
.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.32
.03
.29

.23

.46

.38

.24
.03

.02

.01

.33

. 16

3.34
. 16
. 14
1.46

3.44
.26

.06

. 06
. 00

.00

.02
.21
.21

1.62

.00

.84
. 11
. 18
.46

.80
.09
.06
.40

102

.01

.04
.03

.01
.01
.01

.02

.01

.03

.01
.01
.01

.02

. 13

.40

.00
.01
.02
.00
.01

.08

.00
.01
.02
.00
.01

. 00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.43

.36

.21

.38

.32

. 15

1.72

1.69

1.77

1.34

1.38

1.64

.05

.04
.67
.06
. 47
.16
.08

.03
.85
.05
.42
.15
.04
.23

.07
.47
.04
.37
.09
.09

.06
.50
.04
.41

.07

.21

.20

.00
.66

.06
.44
-15

.10

.25

.00

.22

.01

.00

.00

.10

.07

.00

.68

.04
.44
. 13
.03
.25

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Photo
equip and
supplies

Optical,
health serv
supplies
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Sales
Other engineers
Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers
Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians
Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech
Medical workers,exc technicians
Dentists
Dietitians
Optometrists
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
fiegistered nurses
Therapists
Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Dental hygienists
Other health technicians

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
12.65
3.37

.02
.11

.03

.68

.81
.72

.02
.01

.09
.89

13.87
3.08
. 02
. 11
. 02
.63
. 82
. 65
. 03

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

5.58

5.63

9.29

5.76

5.35

1.90

1.71

1.32

1.13
1.52
1.36

.96
.09
1.06
1.98
1.26

.99
. 11
1.05
1.13
1.36

.67

.03
1.60

1.35

.02
.00
.02
1.22

.58

1.58

1-55

1.35

20.27

2.73

6.27

.02
.11
.02
.56
.70
.58
.05

.00
.01

.09
.76

.01
.98
.12

.02
.00

20.93

.01

.02
.00
.02

.00

.00
.02
.00

.07
.53

.06
.93

.09
. 30

.16
.03

.19
.09

.00

.09
.36

.01

.32

.01

.03
1.30

.09
1.26

.17

. 17

.13

.25

.29

1.11
.00
.20

.02
.00
.02

.09

. 12
.03
.09

.09

.09

.12
.02
.10

.11

.02

.09
.07

.09

3. 50
. 03
. 18
. 63
.57
. 20
. 10
1. 80

3.83
.06
.26
.59
.87
.29
.16
1.59

5.62

5.51

5.21

1.35

.95
1.59

.73
.36
.08
2.79

.81
.38
.09
2.62

.18
.08
2.05

.22

.33
.06

.11
.00
.01
.00
.00

. 10
. 00

. 17

3.91

.02

.16
.77
.99
.13
.08
1.83

-21
.09
.00
.02
.01

.02

.00

. 00

.09

.00
.02

.00
.01
.11
.10
.01

.09

.03
. 10

. 01
.09
.09
. 01

1.27
.03

.01

2.02
. 09
.01

1.55
.06

1.29

1.97

1.98

.07

. 08

.01

.01
.00

.05
.99
.33
.13
.03

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.30
.30

Teachers
Adult education

.09

. 00
. 07

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.02

.00

.00
.52
1.20

.00

.00
-52
1. 10

.00

.09

.00
.86

.01
.00

.00
.02
.00
.00

.03
.07

.05
.09

. 15

.00

.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.07

. 00

.09

. 11

.00

.13

.00
.00

.00
.10
.00
.00

.00

.05

.00
.00

. 05

.00

. 00

.00
.00
.00

.08
.52
.29
.06

.08
.90

.00

.00

.07

.07
.28
.07
.09

.96

.97

.92

.03

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00

.01
.01

.01
.00

.08

.06

.07

.01
.00
.10

.61
.38
. 19
. 09

.56
.38
.17

1.20

.02

1.53
.79
-65
.09

1.39
.76
.58
.05

.29

.69
.95
.05

.00

.51
.51

.00

.63
.63

.00

.58
.56

.02

.87
.83
.09

.79
.73

.02
.02

.03
.03

.05
.05

.10

. 10

. 10
. 10

103

.00

.02
.00
.02
1.21
.00

.00

.01
.00

.01

.00

.37
.33
. 19
.03

.00
.12

.01

.00

. 02

.37
.55
.25
.09

.66

.01

.00
.02
.00

.38
.58
.29
.09

. 00
. 19
.35

.01

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.63

.00

1978

19.59

12.87

.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health




1970

Watches
and clock
devices

.20

.87

.00

.00

. 00

.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

.39
.29
.09

. 27

.00

.07
. 00

.01

.07
.07

.00

.06
.06

.00

.01
.01
.00

.03
.03

.09
.09

.09
.09

.01
.01

.22
.07
.00

.20

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Optical,
health serv
supplies

Photo
eguip and
supplies

Matches
and clock
devices

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.73
.40
.08
.03
.13
.08

. 80
.43
.08

.58
.29
.04

1.67
.72
.37
.27

1.89
.80
.43
.37

.24
.14
.03

.26
. 11
.03

.09
. 01
.04

. 1b
. 11

.14

1.43
.59
-33
.26
.08
.17

.07

.13

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

2.14
1.05
.09

1.91
.75

3. 18

.28
.37
.32

2.35
1. 10
. 10
. 02
. 46
. 38
.29

.55
.24
.25

.12
.04
.78
.60
.63

8.91

9. 36

8.08

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank, financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.81
.17
.08
.71
.85

1.93
. 18
.04
. 70

2.85

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Bestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

7.09

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.02

.01

.11
.21

.12

.00

.00

.00

.04

.16

.00

.00

.00

3.65
1.17
. 17
.03
1. 12
.63
.53

3.2 3

1.45
.79

1.81
.93
.24

1.66

.00

.00

.26
.26
.04

.37
.24
.03

.32

.47
.37

.12
.00

6.43

7.74

9.79

4.96

5.45

4.31

1.26
. 14
.06
.53
.54

1.37
. 10

.85

.28
.05
.31
.58

.20
.02

.41
.76

1.34
.28
.09
-43
.54

1.22

1.03
1.60

1.34
.14
.08
.65
.48

. 14
.49

7.43
. 00
. 35

5.23

5.09

6.48

8.42

3.62

4.23

3. 47

.00

.46

.00

.24

.02

.24

.01

.26

.03

.03

.03

6.77

7. 08

4.77

4.83

6.23

8.15

3.58

4. 19

3. 42

3.22
.03
3.20

2.76
. 03
2.73

1.70

1.84
.04
1.79

2.39
.08
2.30

1.58
.04
1.54

1.58
.04
1.54

1.60

1.69

1.76
.03
1.74

16.90

16. 42

17.41

19.11

18.69

18.59

13.66

12.72

10. 81

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

5.97

5.66
. 02
. 02
4. 54
.03
1 05
.

6.10

6.45
.03

6.34

.02
.01

7.62
.03

3.73

.00

.00
.00

3.53

.02

3. 13
.00

4.99
. 18
1.23

5. 16
. 10
1.06

6.50
.03
1.06

2.63
.06
1.04

2.65
.03
.85

2.49

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.12
.11

1. 20

.99
.09
.04
.44
.04
.32

1.78
.06

2.07
.03

1.43

.85
.04

.57
.05
.80
.06
.23

.04
.58

.93
.04
.29

Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers




.02

.00

.33

.00

.02
.02

4.58
.07
1.28

.02
.25
.03
.62

.02

.07

1.01

.11

.11

.01

.20
.02

.00

.01

.05
.05
5.13

.01

.87

.07
. 02
.53
.03
. 49
. 01
. 07

.00

.06

104

1.01

.00

.02

.00

.01
1. 18
.02
.21

1.22
.05
.00
1.11

.10

.00
.01

.02
.01
.02

. 13

.11
.00

.02

.00

.02

.00

.00
.00

.75

.96
.26

.02

.00

.01

1.59

.00

.01

.63
.47

.02
.10
.01

.01
.01
.25
.01

.01
.01
. 31
.01

.59

.40

. 14
.00

.00
.10

.00

.06

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Hatches
and clock
devices

Photo
equip and
supplies

Optical,
health serv
supplies
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

9.82
.33
1.76
.06
.18

9. 56
.38
1 64
.
. 06

10.33
.58
1.46
.06
.25

10.88

10.27
.29
1.19
.09
.41

9.54
.36
1.51
.07
.39

9.08
.16
1.41
.04
.23

7.22
. 17

.73
.05
.25
1.37
.31
.04
.38
.03

.32
.03
.34
1.37
.32
.05
.33
.09

.32
.03

.14

.14

.02

1.20
.01
.20
.02
. 12
.02

1.25
.34

.27
.81
.54

.28
.70
.43

. 15
.34
. 32

.31
1.05
.59
1.49
.17

.97

.03
1. 04

.46
.83
.50
1.37
.05
.06
1.35

1.76

.31
.03
.36
1.35
.28
.04
.31
. 08
.71
. 27
.89
.62
1. 10
. 12
.09
1.75

.02
.02

8.45
.17
1.35
.04
.24

18.54

17.69

16.22

16.69

.75
.18
.31
.18
.09

.66
. 13
. 28
.19
. 07

.50
.03
.17
.27
.04

Blue collar worker supervisors

3.84

3. 66

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mecu
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Holders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

3.47

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, otner
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Hail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock c l e r k s and store k e e p e r s
Telephone operators
Weighers
Hisc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Electricians and apprentices
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices

.02

.46
.03

.20

.80
.38
.03
.32

.12

.34
.48
1.61
.35
1.17
.18

.02

.02
.01

.09
1.83
.09
.05
.14

.21

. 02
. 51
. 04
.25
.91
.32
. 04
.32
.09
.33
.46
1- 29
.41
1. 11

.11

.02

.20

.20
.02

.00

.28
.04
.67
.18
.72
.53
.52

.26

.00
.22
.11

.78
.26
1.36
.32
1.16

.87
.23
1.35
.32
.87
.04

16.75

19.92

20.59

25.70

2.24

.90
.27
.24
.33
.07

.88

.79
.35

. 11
.72

.20
1.12
.05
.88

4.66

5.00

5.44

4.01

4.28

4.30

1.84

3.90

3.40

3.12

3.75
.09

3.23
.08

2.95
.07

.02

.01

.08
.82
.05
.06
.04

.06
1.92

.05
1.60
. 19

.05
.75
. 12

. 16
.96
-05
.05
.28
.06
.04
2.04

. 10

.03
. 54
.09
.08

.12

2.25
.36
.99
.14
.76

2.15
.32

2.36

2. 88
.02
. 01
. 08
1.58
.09
.05
. 08

.01
.01

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

2.48
.03
.03

3. 01
. 04

4.26
.04

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.08

.01
.01

.01
.00

.20
.00

1.01

.01
.00

.02
.00

.00

.00
.22
.00

1.00

.40
.96

.40
1.55

4.01

4. 19
. 14

4.26
.14
.07
.07

.24

.00

.47

.11
.00

.09
.04

.00

. 18

.00

.00

.03
.03
1.73

. 01
. 04
. 04
2. 18

.06
.06
3.29

.60

. 01
.67

.79

1.16

.08
.05
. 00
2.69
. 15
.09
.99

.21
.00
.12
.00
.05
.00

.00
.09
.00

. 10

.48

.49

.03

.25

.01
.00

.02
.22
.00
.00

.03

.06
.15

.06
. 18

.08
.23

.01
.00
.01

.08
.03
.05

.08
.04
.05

.10

.04

.01
.00
.01

-00

. 16
. 16
.83
. 17
1.71
. 20
.39
1.06

.68

.00
.02

.10

.00

1.05

.11

16.51

.02

.02

1.07

. 13
.83




.00

.01
.01

.17
1.05

Transport,public util craft wxrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,.repairers

.66

.00

.02

.01

.01

.00

.05
1.96

.01

.01

.28
1.14
.08
.38

.00
.01

. 18

.00

.00
.04
.00

. 05
. 00
.04

.01
.00
- 01

105

.00

2.32
.19

.11

.02

.00

3.20
.27
. 11
.41
.48
.05
. 12

.00
.00

.06
.04

.10
.02

.02

.30
.23
.29
.06

.88

.06
.05

.21

.21

. 19
. 04

.22
.01
.01

.04
.03
1.76

1.91

2.66
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
2.14
.00

2.94

2.82

.06
.44

.06
.38

.06
. 15

.36

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
2.48
.00
.37

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
2.60
.00
.41

.00
.22
.00

.03

.00
.15
.00
.20
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.13
.00
.21
.00

. 18
.00

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Optical,
health serv
supplies

Photo
equip and
supplies

Watches
and clock
devices

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

7.78
.08
.00
1.32
.00
.01
.01
.01
5.90
.01
. 14
.03
.06
.21

7. 29
.06
. 00
.89
.00
.01
.01
. 01
5.96
.00
.06
. 03
.04
.21

7.16
.00
.00
1.80
.00
.01
.00
.02
4.91
.02
.00
.05
.04
.32

1.30
.05
.06
.00
-00
.00
.03
.20
.46
.00
.39
.00
.00
.10

1.21
.04
.05
.00
.00
.00
.02
.20
.53
.00
.28
.00
.00
.09

1.12
.00
.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.32
.58
.00
.11
.00
.00
.04

8.24
. 10
.02
.00
.05
.00
.04
7.81
.00
.00
.12
.00
.00
.10

8.90
.08
.01
.00
.04
.00
.03
8.61
.00
.00
.06
.00
.00
.06

14.42
.04
.02
.00
. 00
.00
.00
14. 35
.00'
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

36.23

36.40

40.09

30.82

30. 16

30. 16

49.89

50.21

50.92

35.43

35. 66

39.40

29.60

28.87

28.64

49.42

49.74

50.32

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
iielders and flamecutters

3.53
.4 1
.03
.23
.76
.16
.16
.55
.56
.67

3. 10
.33
. 04
. 19
. 59
. 17
. 13
.51
.48
• 66

3.17
.33
.06
.20
.70
.20
.15
.67
.24
.62

2.59
.29
.04
.15
.47
.15
.18
.58
.21
.50

1.94
. 18
.05
.11
.28
.11
. 12
.40
.11
.58

1.49
.05
.07
.06
.13
.03
.07
.15
.01
.93

5.47
.58
.02
.10
.59
.56
1.36
1.35
.59
.33

3.83
.35
.02
.06
.33
.42
.87
1.01
.47
.30

1.53
. 10
.04
.02
. 11
. 10
.37
.45
. 15
.20

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

8.73
4.95
.12
3.66

7. 58
4.66
.10
2. 83

5.76
4.36
.04
1.36

7.30
5.42
.07
1.81

6.75
4.91
.09
1.75

6.43
4.09
. 14
2.20

10.00
7.91
.13
1.96

10.19
8.08
.16
1.95

11.99
9.31
.25
2.43

23. 17
7.72
.98
.02
1.50
.23
.02
.64
.08
.07
.08
1.65
.07
.40
5.92
3.81

24.98
8.39
1. 08
.02
1 56
.
. 26
.02
.61
. 07
. 08
. 07
1. 56
. 03
.44
6.38
4.42

30.48
10.14
1.50
.01
2.12
.40
.02
.89
.04
.1 1
.03
2.53
.01
.62
6.92
5. 14

1 9.72
6.76
1-11
.02
.20
-55
.06
.47
2.54
.05
.00
.07
.10
.45
5.31
2.03

20. 18
7.48
1.07
.02
. 14
.53
.06
.36
2.56
.05
.00
.06
.08
.38
5.37
2.03

20.72
9.77
.92
.01
.04
.46
.06
-24
2.72
.07
.00
.06
. 12
. 19
4.76
1.29

33.96
17.31
.44
.00
2.04
.00
.13
.87
.02
.17
.00
.09
.05
.62
6.58
5.65

35.73
20.11
.38
.00
1.60
.00
. 16
.67
.03
. 11
.00
.07
.02
.49
6.54
•5.56

36.80
27.03
. 17
. 00
.68
.00
.26
.46
.03
. 02
. 00
.07
.01
. 14
4.82
3.12

.80
.00
.26
.28
.04
.23

.74
.00
.21
. 35
. 03
. 16

.68
.00
.16
.47
.01
.05

1.22
.02
.18
.61
.07
.35

1.29
.02
. 17
.69
.08
.33

1.52
.01
.23
.75
.12
.43

.47
.00
.09
.07
.11
.20

.47
.00
.09
.07
.09
.22

.60
.00
. 14
.04
.01
.40

1.77

1.63

1.42

2.94

2.40

1.42

1.75

1.45

.79

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.31
.24
1.07

1. 24
.25
. 99

1.15
.27
.88

1.74
.22
1.52

1.38
.20
1.17

.66
.15
.51

1.18
.28
.90

.94
.25
.69

.43
. 17
.27

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.10
.01
.02
.01
.01
.02
.03

. 09
.01
.02
. 01
. 01
.01
.03

.13
.03
.01
.01
.02
.01
.06

.38
.01
.09
.04
.07
.05
.12

.28
.01
.07
.02
.06
.03
.08

.19
.03
.07
.01
.03
.01
.05

.15
.02
.04
.04
.00
.03
.03

.12
.02
.04
.02
.00
.03
.02

.09
.03
. 03
.01
. 00
.03
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
C ab in et ma ke rs
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shoe repairers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
fiiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Binding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers




106

Xable 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Optical,
health serv
supplies

Photo
equip and
supplies

Watches
and clock
devices

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

.04
.04

.05
.05

.05
.05

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators

.03
.00
.00
.03

.02
.00
.00
. 02

.01
.00
.00
.01

.06
.04
.01
.01

.04
.03
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01
.01

.02
.00
.00
.02

.02
.00
.00
.02

.03
.00
.00
.03

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards

.29
.01
.28

.23
.01
-23

.10
.01
.09

.77
.07
.70

.70
.07
.63

.55
. 10
.45

.40
.00
.40

.37
.00
.37

.24
.00
.24

1.77
.00
.00
.69
.03
.54
.22
.10
.20

1.85
. 00
.00
.73
.03
.60
. 23
.08
.18

2.22
.00
.00
1.01
.05
.66
.26
.04
.20

1.99
.02
-09
.80
.10
.38
.17
.13
.31

1.74
.01
.07
.77
.08
.32
. 13
. 10
.25

1.32
.03
.04
.80
.04
.11
.04
.05
.21

2.66
.00
.03
1.14
.21
.62
.13
.00
.54

2.37
.00
.02
1.05
.22
.51
.11
.00
.47

1.57
.00
.01
.85
. 15
.13
.03
.00
.41

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers


343-899 0
81-8


107

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Misc
manufactur­
ing
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Nondurable
goods

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Food and
kindred
products
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

5.34

5.85

5.64

7.22

8. 18

8.29

3.66

4. 18

4.26

1.2 1
.04
.03
.02
.19
.33
.25
.01
.00
.05
.28

1 16
.
.06
. 04
. 02
. 17
.33
. 25
.01
. 00
. 04
. 24

1.18
.09
.04
.04
.14
.25
.34
.01
.00
.04
.23

1. 13
.00
.39
.04
.08
.27
.19
.00
.01
.03
.12

1.11
. 00
.40
.03
.07
.28
. 18
.00
.01
. 02
.11

1.16
.00
.46
.03
.08
.25
.20
.00
.01
.02
.10

.56
.00
.04
.03
.04
.24
.12
.00
.00
.00
.09

.54
.00
.04
.02
.05
.24
.11
.00
.00
.00
.08

.49
.00
.05
.03
.06
. 16
. 12
.00
.00
.00
.07

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.17
.00
.01
.15
.00
.01

. 16
.00
. 02
. 12
. 00
.01

.09
.00
.03
.05
.00
.01

.68
.01
.05
.59
.01
.02

.73
.01
.09
.60
.01
.02

.72
.01
.10
.59
.01
.02

.36
.01
.04
.30
.00
.00

.40
.02
.07
.31
.00
.00

.38
.02
.07
.29
.00
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statist icians

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
. 01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science teca

.96
.02
.03
.40
.10
.05
.01
.36

.98
. 02
. 03
.39
. 10
. 06
.02
. 37

1.16
.02
.02
.60
.06
.05
.04
.38

1.58
.24
.63
.16
.03
.06
.01
.46

1.69
.27
.67
. 15
.03
.08
.01
.48

1.92
.30
.76
. 18
.03
.09
.01
.54

.98
.75
.04
.06
.01
.06
.00
.06

1.13
.87
.04
.06
.01
.08
.00
.06

1.35
1. 05
. 03
. 09
.01
.08
.01
. 07

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Veterinarians

.05
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00

.05
.00
.00
. 00
.05
.00

.06
.00
.00
.00
.06
.00

.07
.00
.01
.01
.05
.00

.08
.00
.02
.01
.04
.01

.10
.00
.02
.02
.05
.01

.06
.01
.00
.00
.05
.01

.08
.01
.00
.00
.05
.01

. 11
.02
.00
.00
. 06
.02

Health technolcgists,technicians
Other health technicians

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.01

.02
.01

.02
.01

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.03
.02
.01

. 04
. 02
. 02

.04
.03
.02

.03
.01
.02

.04
.01
.02

.05
.02
.03

.02
.01
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

Computer specialists
Computer prcgiamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.20
.13
.06
.00

. 25
. 15
.09
. 00

.21
.13
.08
.00

.24
.16
.07
.01

.32
. 19
.11
. 02

.32
. 19
.11
.02

.16
.11
.04
.01

.20
.13
.06
.01

. 19
.12
.06
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.06
.06

. 10
. 10

.09
.09

.10
.10

. 15
. 15

.13
.12

.07
.07

.11
. 11

.09
.09

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.04
.03
.02

.04
.03
.01

.02
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

1.36
.00
.77
.05
.36
.05
.10
.02

1.65
. 00
. 94
.07
.43
.05
. 13
. 03

1.56
.00
1.01
.09
.24
.07
.12
.03

1.91
.03
.28
1.07
.23
.17
.10
.04

2.36
.04
.34
1.33
.31
. 18
. 13
.04

2.51
.04
.30
1.55
.22
.24
.12
.03

.18
.00
.02
.01
.02
.00
.12
.01

.23
.00
.02
.01
.03
.00
.16
.01

.23
.00
.03
.02
.01
.00
.16
.01

Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain




108

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Nondurable
goods

Misc
manufacture
ing

Food and
kindred
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.26
.74
.00
.00
.05
.01
.13
.26
.07

1.45
.84
.00
.00
.09
. 01
. 18
.27
.05

1.23
.80
.00
.00
.08
.01
.15
.18
.01

1.40
.73
.02
.01
.05
.02
.13
.31
.13

1.61
.86
.02
.00
.09
. 01
. 18
.33
. 11

1.36
.81
.01
.00
.07
.01
. 15
.25
.06

1.25
.77
.00
.02
.04
.00
.08
.27
.07

1.46
.91
.00
.01
.06
.00
.11
. 30
.05

1.38
.95
.00
.01
.04
.00
.10
.27
.02

8.71

10.28

11.40

6.20

7.35

7.77

7.25

8.41

8.77

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.41
.13
.11
.00
.48
.69

1.31
. 12
.07
.00
.40
.73

1-32
.07
.07
.00
.32
.86

1.30
.07
.05
.36
.71

1.25
.11
.04
.04
.31
.75

1.22
.08
.04
.05
.27
.78

1.68
. 11
.09
.23
.41
.84

1.55
.10
.05
.19
.34
.87

1.52
.06
.05
.27
.25
.90

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

7.31
.41
.01
6.89

8.96
. 43
.00
8. 53

10.08
.50
.00
9.57

4.90
.33
.01
4.56

6. 10
.34
.01
5.75

6.55
.36
.01
6.18

5.57
.43
.02
5.11

6.86
.44
.02
6.39

7.24
.47
.01
6.75

'Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

3.64
.07
.00
3.57

3.65
. 10
.00
3.55

3.97
.14
.00
3.83

3.69
.23
.69
2.77

3.82
.35
.61
2.86

4.38
.44
.73
3.22

3.60
.03
.00
3.57

3.43
.04
.00
3.39

3. 13
.05
.00
3.09

13.30

13. 12

14.41

12.31

12. 17

12.08

9.92

9.68

9. 83

4.20
.00
3.11
.06
1.03

4.37
.00
3.40
.03
.94

5.89
•00
4.83
.00
1.06

3.47
.01
2.44
.09
.93

3.50
. 01
2.61
.05
.83

4.06
.02
3.22
.02
.81

2.40
.01
1.91
.06
.42

2.48
.01
2.07
.03
.37

3.20
.01
2.79
.01
.39

.83
.09
.04
.16
.02
.45
.01
.06

.85
.04
.02
.38
.02
.33
.00
. 06

.62
.02
.01
.38
.01
.16
.00
.03

.86
.07
.07
.19
.03
.40
.02
.10

.89
.03
.04
.41
.02
.29
.01
.09

.54
.01
.02
.32
.01
.12
.00
.05

.73
.06
.15
.16
.01
.31
.01
.04

.74
.02
.08
.36
.01
.23
.00
.03

.49
.01
.03
.32
.01
. 11
.00
.02

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




109

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
manufacturmg

Nondurable
goods

Food and
kindred
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

8.27
.26
2.01
.04
. 12
.01
.28
.02
.00
.18
.47
.29
.01
. 15
.07
.36
.00
.23
1.73
.25
.80
.14
.09
.77

7.90
.28
2. 04
. 05
. 13
.01
. 29
.02
.00
. 19
.48
.26
.01
. 14
.07
.37
.00
. 19
1 57
.
.28
. 60
.10
. 08
.77

7.90
.38
2.39
.09
.12
.01
.30
.02
.00
.10
.47
.33
.01
.11
.07
.27
.00
.10
1.65
.26
.28
.08
.05
.82

7.97
.21
1.56
.09
.13
.02
.32
.03
.01
.18
.40
.24
.02
.29
.09
.38
.33
.22
1.37
.26
.61
.16
.24
.84

7.79
.23
1.54
.09
. 15
.02
.32
.03
.01
. 19
. 40
.20
. 02
.27
.09
.42
.39
. 19
1.29
.28
.48
. 11
.22
. 86

7.48
.27
1.54
. 10
.13
.01
.33
.03
.01
.11
.37
.20
.00
.20
.06
.41
.49
.11
1.47
.24
.33
.09
.15
.84

6.80
.17
1.95
.19
.11
.01
.19
.05
.00
.08
.20
.11
.00
.08
.03
.34
.00
.18
1.19
.18
.56
.13
.66
.42

6.46
. 18
1.92
.18
.12
.01
.18
.05
.00
.09
.18
.09
.00
.07
.03
.39
.00
.14
1.12
.19
.40
.09
.61
.43

6.14
.22
2.05
. 17
.11
.01
. 16
.05
.00
.05
. 12
. 11
.00
.06
.03
.44
.00
.07
1.29
. 17
. 16
.08
.34
.46

17.65

17.59

19.38

16.07

16.92

17.82

14.62

15.28

16. 72

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1.66
.57
.02
.02
.43
.02
.02
.46
.11
.01

1.65
.64
.02
.01
.45
.01
.01
.37
.11
.01

1.73
.81
.03
.01
.53
.01
.00
.18
.14
.01

1.31
.22
.02
.07
.49
.03
.01
.12
.33
.01

1. 29
.23
.02
.06
.51
-03
.01
. 10
.32
.01

1.45
.22
.01
.08
.61
.04
.00
.08
.40
.01

1.13
.22
.02
.13
.45
.03
.01
.12
.16
.00

1.15
.24
.02
.10
.51
.02
.01
.09
.17
.00

1.29
.26
.01
.07
.67
.02
.00
.04
. 24
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.28

4. 70

5.19

4.11

4.60

5.15

4.21

4.81

5.81

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Molders, metal and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers
Boilers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

3.89
.01
.01
.02
.05
. 14
1.06
.08
.08
1.35
.01
.24
.85

3.50
.01
.01
.02
.05
.11
1. 19
.09
. 07
.98
.01
. 18
.79

4.10
.03
.03
.01
.04
.08
1.69
.11
.07
.87
.01
.10
1.07

1.17
.00
.04
.00
.01
.02
.70
.22
.00
.03
.00
.06
.09

1.30
.00
. 04
.00
.01
.02
.82
. 23
.00
.03
.00
.05
. 10

1.78
.00
.05
.00
.01
.02
1.19
. 28
.00
.04
.00
.07
. 13

.83
.00
.03
.00
.00
.01
.56
.15
.00
.00
.00
.07
.01

1.01
.00
.03
.00
.00
.01
.71
.18
.00
.00
.00
.06
.01

1.64
.00
.05
.00
.00
.01
1.26
.22
.00
.00
.00
.09
.02

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

2.67
.01
.04
.01
.13
.01
.00
1.71
.38
.00
.00
.04
.34

2. 85
. 02
. 05
.01
.11
.01
. 00
1.96
.35
.00
.00
.04
.29

2.74
.04
.12
.01
.06
.03
.00
2.09
.23
.00
.00
.06
.11

3.26
.08
.00
.00
.24
.01
.01
2.37
.03
.22
.01
.01
.29

3.63
. 10
.00
.00
.19
.01
.01
2.81
.03
. 18
.01
.01
.27

4.08
.11
.01
.00
. 12
.01
.01
3.39
.02
. 15
.01
.02
.22

3.90
.18
.00
.01
.79
.00
.02
2.59
.01
.00
.00
.02
.27

4.25
.24
.00
.01
.61
.01
.02
3.11
.01
.00
.00
.02
.23

4.46
.25
. 00
.01
.35
.01
.02
3.69
.01
.00
.00
.02
. 10

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.87
.01
.34
.00
.36
.02
.14

.93
.01
.38
.00
.35
.02
.17

1.01
.00
.43
.00
.33
.02
.23

3.95
.36
1.74
.08
.04
.34
1.40

4.21
.30
1.80
.02
.04
.39
1.65

3.82
.33
1.32
.01
.03
.54
1.60

.09
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.03

.10
.00
.06
.00
.00
.00
.04

. 15
. 00
.08
. 00
.00
.01
.07

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
Pile clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Proofreaders
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




110

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Nondurable
goods

Misc
manufacturing

Food and
kindred
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.03
.00
.03

. 03
. 00
. 03

.03
.00
.03

.04
.02
.01

.04
.02
.01

.03
.02
.01

.01
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Piano,organ tuners, repairers
Shipfitters
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and lett^rers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

4.24
.04
.21
.01
.09
.16
.07
.01
.03
2.02
.00
.01
.15
.01
.03
.37
.12
.01
.03
.40
.46

3. 93
.04
. 19
.01
.08
. 28
. 06
.01
.03
2. 06
. 00
. 02
. 13
.01
. 01
-23
. 08
.01
.04
. 24
. 38

4.58
.07
.10
.02
.15
.41
.03
.01
.04
3.01
.00
.03
.18
.01
.01
.02
.02
.03
.06
.16
.22

2.24
.64
.01
.01
.11
.00
.00
.01
.04
.00
.10
.00
.00
.00
.10
.01
.35
.00
.44
.02
.40

1.85
.52
.01
.01
.09
.01
.00
.01
.05
. 00
. 12
.00
.00
.00
.03
.01
.27
.00
.40
.01
.32

1.52
.38
.00
.01
. 10
.01
.00
.00
.06
.00
.14
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
. 17
.00
.41
.01
.19

4.45
2.93
.00
.00
.07
.01
.00
.00
.04
.00
.47
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.51
.00
.00
.00
.40

3.94
2.49
.00
.00
.06
.02
.00
.00
.06
.00
.56
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.41
.00
.00
.00
.34

3. 35
1.96
.00
.00
. 10
.02
.00
.00
. 08
.00
.73
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.31
. 00
.00
.00
. 15

46.82

45.52

42.39

47.75

45.62

45.22

49.24

48.71

49.98

45.24

43. 86

40.17

43.54

41.69

40.87

37.32

37.97

38.76

3.94
.30
.05
.19
.39
.34
. 17
.92
.64
.93

3.02
. 18
. 06
. 14
.25
.26
. 12
.64
.35
1.02

2.08
.05
.07
.08
.14
.06
.06
.23
.03
1.35

.61
.03
.01
.03
.08
.02
.04
.11
.01
.28

.56
.02
.01
.03
.06
.01
.03
. 09
.01
. 30

.54
.01
.01
.02
.04
.01
.02
.05
.00
. 38

.39
.01
.00
.04
.04
.00
.01
.02
.01
.26

.41
.00
.00
.03
.02
.00
.01
.01
.01
.32

.54
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01
.01
.00
.49

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
. 00
. 00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

5.33
.22
.42
1.82
.56
2.31

.4.63
. 16
. 36
1.62
.46
2.03

3.90
.07
.30
1.48
.31
1.74

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00

7.18
2.84
.27
4.07

7. 00
2. 89
.24
3. 87

7.80
3.35
.14
4.31

7.35
2.72
.40
4.23

7.55
2.93
.41
4.20

9.16
3.60
.45
5.11

12.17
1.59
.93
9.65

12.68
1.80
1.05
9.84

16.72
2.57
1.43
12.72

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, exairiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




111

Table 1. percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Nondurable
goods

Misc
manufacturing

Food and
kindred
products

1970

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Kiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
binding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Hail vehicle operators, other
Hailroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

34.12
.00
7.96
.10
.02
1.09
.07
.01
.09
2. 13
.00
.01
.00
.32
.05
1.91
.04
.22
.36
1.94
.02
.12
.35
8.76
8.56

33. 85
. 00
8. 88
. 10
. 01
1. 09
.05
. 01
.09
1 57
.
.00
.01
.00
.32
.05
1.51
. 04
.21
.39
1.69
.02
. 08
.31
8. 84
8. 58

30.29
.00
11.33
.11
.00
1.06
.01
.03
.08
.52
.00
.02
.00
.29
.07
1.12
.06
.19
.49
2.04
.01
.07
.18
7.29
5.33

30.26
.03
.91
.69
.78
1.38
.01
.00
.32
.07
.03
.03
1.07
.63
.15
.23
.12
.08
.08
10.40
.81
.30
.17
7.83
4.15

28.95
.05
1. 14
.68
.57
1.38
.01
.00
.31
.06
.02
.02
1.01
.62
.14
.20
. 14
.08
.09
9.08
.58
.21
. 14
8. 17
4.26

27.27
.04
1.59
.65
.52
1.32
.01
.00
.37
.04
.01
.02
1.07
.58
.14
. 18
.19
.06
.11
10.38
.32
.23
.08
6.65
2.71

24.75
.00
.68
2.94
.00
.32
.00
.00
.00
.03
.05
.04
4.89
.72
.19
.14
.00
.02
.03
.10
.01
.26
.01
8.21
6. 11

24.88
.00
.88
3.01
.00
.32
.00
.00
.00
.02
.03
.03
4.83
.70
.20
. 11
.00
.02
.04
.09
.01
.18
.01
8.27
6. 14

21.50
.00
1.42
3.06
.00
.27
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.02
5. 55
.52
.25
. 06
.00
.02
.05
. 10
. 00
. 17
.01
6.58
3. 38

1.57
.38
.51
.00
.00
.05
.64

1 66
.
. 36
.59
. 00
. 00
. 04
• 66

2.22
.51
.67
.00
.00
.01
1.03

4.21
1.62
.98
.00
.01
.05
1.54

3.94
1.26
1.11
.00
.01
. 04
1.50

4.34
1.16
1.13
.01
.01
.02
2.00

11.92
6.37
1.67
.01
.01
.06
3.80

10.73
5.01
1.99
.01
.01
.05
3.65

11.22
4.63
2. 21
. 01
.01
.02
4. 33

1.76

1.49

.89

2.28

1. 95

1.38

3.49

2.93

1.97

1.25
.20
1.05

1 04
.
. 19
. 85

.54
.14
.40

1.52
.28
1.24

1.27
.24
1.03

.72
. 14
.59

2.20
.41
1.80

1.83
.38
1.45

.89
.24
.65

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

. 10
.02
.01
-01
.03
.03

. 07
.01
. 01
. 01
. 02
. 02

.06
.01
.01
.00
.02
-02

.24
.11
.02
.03
.03
.05

.18
.09
.01
.03
.02
.04

.18
.11
.01
.03
.01
.02

.70
.36
.05
.05
.08
.15

.54
.32
.03
.05
.04
.09

.56
.44
.01
.04
. 02
.04

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private hemes

.07
.00
.04
.02
.02

. 06
. 00
.03
. 02
.01

.03
.00
.02
.01
.01

.09
.03
.05
.00
.01

.08
.02
.04
.01
.01

.05
.01
.03
.01
.01

.15
.04
.08
.00
.02

.13
.02
.08
.00
.02

.09
.01
.07
.00
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.34
.01
.32
.01

.32
.01
.30
.01

.27
.02
.23
.02

.42
.01
.41
.00

.41
.01
.40
.00

.39
.01
.39
.00

.42
.01
.41
.01

.43
.01
.42
.01

. 40
.01
.39
.01

2.78
.00
.05
.07
.00
1.09
.00
.05
.60
.00
.16
.15
.59

2.51
.00
.05
. 06
. 00
1 05
.
. 00
. 05
. 54
. 00
. 14
. 13
. 49

1.93
.00
.07
.03
.00
1.02
.00
.03
.23
.00
.06
.10
.38

4.48
.03
.03
.09
.00
2.23
.00
.04
.62
.01
.42
.25
.75

4.00
.03
.02
.08
.00
2.06
.00
.05
.57
.01
.34
.24
.59

3.06
.03
.03
.06
.00
1.81
.01
.04
.29
.01
.13
.24
.41

8.23
.09
.03
.08
.02
4.42
.01
.06
.65
.01
.97
.49
1.39

o
*
r>
*

Service workers

1978

5.35
.09
. 05
.02
.00
3.52
.02
.05
. 20
.01
.23
. 34
.81

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunte rs,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




112

.11
.03
.06
.01
4.15
.01
.07
.56
.01
.76
.44
1.17

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation* 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Meat
products
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Dairy
products
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Canning
and
preserving
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1.88

2. 12

1.91

4.08

5.07

6.59

4.16

4.39

3.98

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.37
.01
.02
.02
.20
.09
.Oh

.37
.01
. 02
.02
.21
. 08
.04

-32
.01
.02
.02
.17
.06
.04

.48
.02
.02
.03
.26
.12
.03

.45
.02
. 02
.03
.25
. 10
.03

.40
.05
.04
.04
.17
.08
.02

.68
.00
.02
.08
.28
.18
.12

.60
.00
.01
.08
.25
.18
.09

.47
.00
.01
.09
. 12
. 20
.06

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists

.10
.00
.02
.08

. 12
. 00
. 03
. 08

.10
.00
.03
.07

.13
.01
.03
.09

. 16
.02
.04
.09

.18
.03
.04
.11

.48
.06
.08
.35

.53
.07
.13
.33

.50
.07
. 15
.28

Mathematical specialists

.01

. 01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.01

.01

.01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.26
. 16
.01
.04
.01
.04
.00
.01

.28
. 18
.01
.03
.01
.05
.00
.01

.29
.17
.01
.04
.01
.06
.00
.01

1.83
1.72
.01
.00
.01
.04
.00
.04

2.42
2.30
.01
.00
. 01
.05
. 00
.05

3.87
3.76
.01
.00
.01
.04
.00
.05

1.16
.85
.03
.13
.02
.06
.01
.07

1.25
.92
.03
.12
.02
.07
.01
.06

1.34
.96
.03
. 18
.02
.08
.01
.07

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
Registered nurses
Veter inarians

.07
.00
.05
.02

. 08
.00
. 05
.03

.12
.00
.05
.07

.02
.01
.01
.00

.04
.01
.02
.00

.06
.02
.04
.00

.08
.01
.07
.00

.09
.01
.08
.00

. 12
.01
.11
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.10
.08
.02
.00

. 12
. 09
. 03
.00

.09
.07
.02
.00

.16
.10
.05
.02

.22
. 12
.08
.03

.23
.13
.08
.02

.19
.14
.05
.00

.23
.16
.06
.01

.21
. 16
. 05
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.04
.04

. 06
. 06

.05
.05

.05
.05

.08
.08

.06
.06

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 00
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Craters,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.08
.01
.0 1
.01
.05
.00

. 11
. 01
. 01
. 01
. 07
.00

.13
.01
.03
.01
.08
.00

.17
.02
.00
.02
.14
.00

.23
.03
.00
.02
. 18
.00

.24
.06
.00
.01
. 18
.00

.12
.01
.00
.02
.08
.01

.14
.01
.00
.02
.09
.02

. 10
.01
.00
.01
.08
.00

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labcr relations wkrs
Other research workers

.84
.57
.01
.02
.03
.18
.03

. 97
. 66
.01
.04
. 04
.20
. 02

.8 1
.58
.01
.03
.04
.15
.01

1.22
.91
.01
.05
.05
. 17
.03

1 47
.
1.09
.01
. 10
.06
. 19
.02

1. 52
1.21
.01
.08
.06
.16
.01

1.43
.79
.04
.03
.08
.37
.13

1.54
.87
.02
.05
.11
.40
.09

1.33

Professional and technical

.75
.01
.03
. 10
.32
.03

5.16

5.56

4.90

8.75

10. 21

9.65

6.13

7.06

7.82

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.69
.08
.07
.69
.44
.42

1 51
.
.07
.04
. 57
.37
.46

1.71
.04
.02
.87
.28
.50

1.65
.14
.18
.33
.25
.75

1.50
. 13
. 11
.27
.21
.79

1.63
.08
.12
.41
.17
.85

1.33
.11
.05
.25
.50
.43

1.12
.09
.03
.19
.39
.42

.94
.04
.05
.22
.24
. 39

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

3.46
.27
.00
.03
3.16

4.05
. 29
. 00
.03
3.74

3.19
.32
.00
.01
2.86

7.10
.64
.00
.00
6.46

8.71
.67
.00
.00
8.04

8.02
.74
.00
.00
7.28

4.79
.37
.04
.03
4.36

5.94
.37
.03
.02
5.51

6.88
.38
.03
.01
6. 46

Managers,officials,proprietors




113

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Meat
products

Dairy
products

Canning
and
preserving

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

2.59
.01
2.58

2.38
. 01
2. 36

1.60
.01
1.59

2.93
.03
2.90

2.47
.05
2.42

1.24
.09
1.15

1.24
.01
1.23

1. 13
.01
1.12

. 84
.01
.83

Clerical workers

7.94

7.71

6.92

10.70

10.59

11.62

9.45

9.02

9. 08

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

1.28
.01
1.05
.03
.20

1. 28
.00
1. 10
.02
. 16

1.43
.00
1.30
.01
.12

2.33
.02
1.94
.02
.36

2.49
.02
2- 15
.01
.31

3.51
.02
3. 16
.01
.32

2.59
.01
2.05
.09
.43

2.62
.01
2.20
.04
.37

3.38
.01
3.01
.00
.35

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

.59
.04
.09
.13
.01
.31
.00
.02

.62
.02
. 05
. 30
.01
.23
. 00
.02

.42
.01
.01
.27
.01
.00
.02

.97
.08
.31
.16
.01
.35
.00
.05

.90
.04
. 18
.36
.01
.27
.00
.05

.62
.03
.06
.33
.01
.17
.00
.03

.60
.07
.03
.16
.02
.26
.03
.04

.62
.03
.02
.34
.01
.19
.01
.03

.39
.01
.00
.25
.01
. 10
.00
.01

6.08
.15
1.39
.13
.03
.01
. 11
.05
.04
. 12
.07
.06
.03
.27
.10
1.15
.13
.31
.09
1.56
.29

5. 81
. 16
1 36
.
. 14
. 04
.01
. 12
. 05
.05
. 12
.06
.06
. 03
. 31
.09
1. 04
. 14
. 24
. 06
1.43
. 32

5.08
.21
1.29
.16
.05
.01
.14
.05
.04
.10
.06
.04
.02
.33
.06
.98
.13
.10
.05
.88
.38

7.40
.23
3. 15
.28
.10
.01
.28
.07
.09
.17
.10
.05
.00
.27
.21
1.02
.14
.50
.15
.22
.37

7.20
.24
3. 17
.29
. 12
.01
.28
.07
.09
. 16
.08
.04
.00
.29
.18
.99
- 15
.37
.11
.20
.37

7.48
.33
3.50
.30
.12
.01
.26
.05
.04
.10
.10
.05
.00
.29
.10
1.26
.15
.16
. 12
.13
.42

6.26
.13
1.31
.08
.12
.00
.07
.05
.07
.18
.11
.10
.02
.52
.16
.98
.17
.65
.11
.98
.47

5.78
.14
1.30
.09
.13
.00
.07
.04
.07
.16
.09
.09
.02
.58
. 13
.95
.17
.43
.08
.81
.46

5.32
. 17
1.41
. 15
.10
.00
.07
.02
.04
.09
. 10
.06
.01
.60
.05
1.26
. 14
. 13
. 10
.36
.46

7.11

7.97

9.10

10.21

10.76

11.43

12.56

14.03

17.14

.86
.23
.02
.10
.27
.02
.06
.14

. 86
.27
. 02
. 08
.30
. 02
. 05
. 12

.88
.35
.00
.07
.34
.01
.02
.09

.49
.11
.01
.02
.18
.01
. 14
.03

.48
. 11
.01
. 02
.21
.00
. 10
.03

.51
.09
.01
.01
.31
.00
.03
.06

1.28
.26
.01
.15
.57
.01
.13
.14

1.27
.28
.01
.11
.62
.01
.10
.14

1.43
.31
.00
.07
.79
.01
.04
.20

3.31

3. 84

4.51

4. 17

4.57

5.03

4.84

5.49

6.79

.39
.00
.00
.00
.24
. 12
.00
.03
.00

. 48
. 00
. 00
. 00
.31
. 14
.00
. 03
.00

.76
.00
.00
.00
.57
.17
.00
.02
.00

.38
.03
.01
.01
.30
.01
.01
.01
.01

.49
.04
.01
.01
.40
.01
.01
.00
.01

.96
.07
.01
.01
.82
.01
.01
.00
.01

.79
.03
.00
.02
.61
.08
.00
.03
.01

.94
.04
.00
.02
.76
.09
.00
.02
.01

1.62
.05
.00
.02
1.37
. 14
.00
.03
.01

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices




.11

114

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Heat
products

Dairy
products

Canning
and
preserving

1970

1978

1S90

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

2.01
. 16
.01
.44
.00
.00
1.26
.00
.01
.13

2.31
.25
. 01
.36
. 00
.00
1.56
. 00
.01
. 12

2.54
.32
.01
.19
.00
.00
1.96
.00
.06

4. 15
.51
.05
1.76
.00
.06
1.70
.01
.01
.05

4. 26
. 70
.03
1.39
.00
.06
2.02
.01
.01
.05

3. 94
-72
.02
.73
.00
.07
2.38
.01
.02
.01

4.69
.16
.00
.25
.01
.03
4.02
.00
.02
.19

5.35
.25
.00
.19
.02
.03
4.68
.00
.03
.15

5.94
.32
.00
.07
.04
.03
5.38
.00
.04
.06

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.03
.02
.00
.01

. 04
. 02
. 00
. 02

.06
.02
.00
.04

.08
.05
.00
.03

.09
.05
.00
.04

.08
.04
.00
.03

.18
.12
.01
.05

.22
.14
.01
.06

. 32
.20
.04
.08

Transport,public util craft wkrs
£lec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators

.02
.01
.01

.02
. 01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

. 01
.00
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Inspectors, other
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Otjaer crafts workers

.49
.01
.00
.02
.00
.06
.00
.00
.36
.03

. 44
.01
.00
. 02
. 00
. 09
.00
.00
.29
.03

.34
.00
.00
.03
.00
.12
.00
.00
.17
.02

.93
.05
.01
.01
.01
.05
.01
.01
.78
.01

.87
.05
.01
.01
.02
.07
.01
.01
.68
.01

.91
.08
.01
.01
.02
.13
.01
.01
.63
.01

.77
.20
.00
.10
.00
.03
.03
.00
.38
.04

.75
.22
.00
.09
.00
.04
.03
.00
.35
.03

1.04
.37
.00
. 13
. 00
. 06
.07
.00
.41
.01

63.17

63. 21

67.29

52.23

51.09

52.16

54.88

54.59

54.29

57.92

57.97

61.16

26.11

27. 24

28.95

48.36

47.53

45.80

.35
, 13
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.18

. 33
. 10
. 01
. 00
. 01
. 00
. 00
. 22

.37
.05
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.31

.15
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.12

. 18
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
. 16

.31
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 31

.54
.04
.07
.01
.02
.03
.01
.36

.55
.03
.04
.01
.01
.02
.01
.43

.75
.02
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01
.71

14.02
1.55
.87
11.61

14. 59
1.67
. 94
11. 98

19.08
2.07
1.15
15.86

6.23
1.14
.73
4.36

6.78
1.32
. 82
4.63

10.41
2.05
1.16
7.19

16.60
2.51
3.21
10.88

16.94
2.80
3.40
10.74

22. 19
4.05
4.32
13.82

Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




.01

115

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Meat
products

Dairy
products

Canning
and
preserving

1970

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Minding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

43.56
.51
.86
.00
.54
.01
.03
.14
22.77
.16
.08
.06
.03
.00
.08
.12
.11
.01
7.00
1 1.07

43.04
.67
.92
. 00
.55
.01
. 02
. 10
21.30
. 17
. 08
. 04
.03
.00
. 09
. 11
. 06
.01
7. 42
11.46

41.71
1.15
.98
.00
.52
.01
.02
.05
24.76
.15
.10
.02
.02
.00
.12
.15
.01
.01
6.52
7.11

19.74
.33
2.92
.03
.12
.02
.06
.01
. 12
.56
.03
. 11
.01
.00
.00
.03
.26
.01
13.27
1.86

20.28
.44
3.03
.03
. 12
.02
.03
.01
. 11
.54
.04
.09
. 01
.00
.00
.03
.16
.01
13.77
1. 84

18.23
.84
3.29
.05
.12
.01
.01
.01
.14
.47
.06
.06
.01
.00
.00
.04
.09
.01
11.95
1.07

31.22
1.14
5.61
.00
.42
.02
.06
.05
2.66
.59
.11
.19
.04
.02
.05
.07
.37
.01
9.74
10.10

30.04
1.39
5.50
.00
.39
.01
.03
.03
2.24
.54
.13
.14
.04
.02
.06
.06
.26
.01
9.62
9.59

22.86
2.22
4.94
.00
.29
.01
.01
.01
2.00
.34
.22
.08
.03
.04
. 10
.05
.29
. 01
7.38
4.84

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

5.25
.00
.01
1.48
.46
.00
.02
.04
3.24

5. 24
.00
.01
1 44
.
. 56
.00
. 02
. 03
3. 18

6.13
.00
.01
1.93
.63
.00
.01
.01
3.55

26.12
.00
.00
19.66
.56
.00
.00
.04
5.85

23.85
.00
.00
17. 39
.65
.00
.00
.03
5.77

23.21
.00
.00
15.76
.71
.00
.00
.01
6.73

6.51
.02
.02
.53
3.75
.01
.00
.05
2.14

7.05
.02
.03
.50
4.24
.01
.00
.04
2.21

8. 49
.01
.02
.69
4. 29
.01
.00
.02
3. 45

3.28

2. 89

1.96

2.34

1. 84

1.04

4.37

3.59

2.76

2.25
.36
1.89

1 99
.
. 37
1.62

1.18
.3 0
.88

1.54
.21
1.33

1.23
. 18
1.05

.54
.09
.45

2.40
.30
2.10

1.89
.27
1.62

.80
. 15
.65

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.45
.00
.24
.02
.03
.01
.14

.35
. 00
.20
.01
. 03
.01
. 09

.31
.00
.22
.01
.04
.01
.04

.60
.01
.13
.05
.15
.22
.04

.41
.02
.11
.02
.13
. 11
.02

.30
.03
. 12
.01
.10
.04
.01

1.19
.00
.87
.05
.05
.02
.20

.97
.00
.76
.03
.05
.01
.12

1.22
.00
1. 10
.02
.05
.01
.04

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses

.0 1
.01
.01

.02
. 01
.00

.05
.05
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.04
.03
.01

.03
.03
.01

. 08
.07
.01

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private hemes

. 16
.03
.00
.12
.01

. 13
. 02
.00
. 10
.01

.05
.01
.00
.03
.01

.04
.01
.00
.0 1
.01

.04
.01
.00
.01
.01

.03
.01
.00
.01
.01

.15
.03
.02
.06
.03

.12
.02
.02
.07
.02

. 11
.01
.02
.08
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.41
.01
.40
.01

.41
.01
. 40
.01

.38
.01
.37
.01

.17
.01
.16
.00

. 17
.01
. 15
.00

.17
.02
.15
.00

.59
.00
.57
.02

.58
.00
.56
.02

.56
.00
.54
.02

8.88
.30
.01
.11
.00
3.94
.01
.04
.00
.01
.59
.01
.79
.08
2.99

8. 17
. 35
.01
. 08
. 00
3. 86
. 01
.04
. 00
.01
. 53
.01
. 67
.07
2.53

6.31
.31
.01
.03
.00
3.6 1
.01
.05
.00
.01
.20
.01
.23
.05
1.79

8.77
.06
.00
.05
.00
4.81
.00
.02
.00
.00
.66
.01
1.59
.27
1.31

7.97
.07
.00
.04
.00
4.57
.00
.03
.00
. 00
.59
. 01
1.31
.28
1.08

6.29
.05
.00
.02
.00
4.33
.00
.02
.00
.00
.24
.01
.46
.38
.77

7.23
.02
.06
.06
.09
3.74
.01
.07
.01
.01
.44
.01
.89
.90
.93

6.20
.02
.06
.04
.06
3.37
.02
.05
.01
.01
.36
.01
.70
.76
.74

4. 10
.02
. 11
.02
.01
2.61
.03
.02
.00
.01
. 10
.01
.20
. 47
.49

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




116

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Grain mill
products
1970

T^tal all occupations

1978

Bakery
products
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Confectionery
products
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

5.58

6.02

5.82

1.60

2.03

2.78

3.09

3.35

3. 18

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.73
.10
.05
.03
.30
.11
. 14

.65
. 10
.04
.03
.27
.09
. 12

.50
.09
.05
.04
.14
.06
.12

.43
.01
.04
.04
.18
.09
.07

.50
.00
.04
.05
.23
.11
.08

.78
.00
.07
.07
.33
.20
.11

.53
.02
.00
.00
.26
.14
.11

.47
.02
.00
.00
.21
. 15
.09

.37
.02
.00
.00
.06
.20
.08

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

.77
.02
.08
.67
.00

. 79
.03
. 12
.64
. 00

.66
.03
.10
.52
.01

.07
.00
.00
.07
.00

.10
.00
.00
. 10
.00

.17
.00
.00
.17
.00

.32
.00
.03
.29
.00

.30
.00
.04
.26
.00

.21
.00
.06
.15
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

1.67
1.22
.10
. 12
.01
.06
.01
.15

1.83
1.39
.09
. 11
. 01
.07
. 01
. 15

2.04
1.60
.06
.16
.01
-06
.01
.14

.20
.13
.02
.02
.00
.02
.00
.02

.28
. 16
.03
.02
.00
. 03
.00
- 04

.46
.20
.06
.03
.00
.06
.00
.11

.63
.52
.00
.03
.03
.02
.00
.03

.68
.57
.00
.03
.03
.02
.00
.03

.65
.55
.00
.03
.03
.02
.00
.03

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
fiegistered nurses
Veterinarians
Other medical and health tech

.18
.10
.04
.04
.01

.23
.11
.04
.05
.04

.39
.21
.07
.09
.02

.03
.00
.03
.00
.00

.03
.00
.03
.00
.00

.04
.00
.04
.00
.00

.09
.00
.09
.00
.00

.10
.00
. 10
.00
.00

.11
.00
. 11
.00
.00

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots

.01
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.02
.02

. 03
. 03

.05
.05

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.17
.11
.04
.01

.22
.13
. 07
. 02

.20
.13
.07
.01

.07
.06
.01
.00

.09
.07
.02
.00

.13
.08
.05
.00

.19
.13
.05
.01

.24
.15
.06
.02

.22
. 14
.05
.02

Social scientists
Economists

.09
.09

. 14
. 14

.13
.13

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.06
.06

.11
.11

.10
. 10

Teachers
Adult educaticn

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.04

.03
.03

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists

.18
.00
.01
.04
.02
.11

.21
. 00
. 01
. 04
.02
. 14

.18
.00
.01
.01
.02
.13

.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05

.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.07

.09
.00
.00
.00
.00
.09

.12
.05
.00
.04
.00
.03

.15
.07
.00
.04
.00
.04

.18
. 12
.00
.01
.00
.04

1.76
1.08
.04
.03
.02
.12
.33
.15

1. 94
1.25
.02
. 05
.02
. 16
.34
.09

1.71
1.28
.01
.02
.01
.15
.22
.02

.72
.39
.02
.01
.00
-05
.19
.05

.90
.51
.01
.01
.00
.09
.24
.04

1.06
.68
.01
.00
.00
.10
.27
.02

1.09
.57
.01
.01
.00
.14
.27
.09

1.27
.71
.01
.02
.00
.20
.28
.06

1.33
.89
.01
.04
.00
. 17
.20
.02

10.43

12.00

12.52

5.72

7. 33

8.81

5.72

6.59

5.94

1.96
.11
.13
.12
.61
.99

1.75
.10
.06
. 09
. 52
.99

1.57
.06
.02
.11
.42
.96

1.44
.10
.04
.01
.25
1.04

1.52
. 10
.03
.00
.23
1. 17

1.76
.07
.05
.00
.20
1.44

1.28
.06
.09
.00
.41
.72

1.13
.05
.06
.00
.32
.71

.87
.03
.06
.00
. 17
.61

Professional and technical

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officiaIs,proprietors
Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,!arm products
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade




117

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Grain mill
products

Bakery
products

Confectionery
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

8.47
.53
.01
7.93

10.25
.52
.01
9. 72

10.95
.59
.01
10.36

4.28
.44
.00
3.84

5.80
.48
.00
5.32

7.05
.56
.00
6.49

4.45
.26
.02
4.17

5.46
.27
.02
5.17

5.07
.28
.01
4.78

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

4.30
.03
4.28

4. 16
. 04
4. 12

4.03
.05
3.97

5.80
.01
5.78

6. 01
.02
5.99

6.46
.01
6.45

3.76
.01
3.75

3.36
.01
3.35

2.12
.01
2. 11

11.56

10.75

9.64

8.88

9. 10

10.43

10.83

10.13

9.85

3.40
.01
2.69
.12
.59

3.21
.01
2. 67
.06
. 48

3.43
.01
3.03
.02
.37

1.37
.00
1.04
.04
.29

1.55
. 00
1.24
.02
.29

2.34
.00
1.93
.01
.41

2.67
.00
1.84
.07
.76

2.64
.00
1.96
.03
.66

3.24
.00
2-58
.00
.65

.66
.03
.05
.20
.01
.29
.03
.05

.74
. 01
. 03
. 44
.01
. 20
. 01
. 04

.49
.00
.01
.35
.01
.08
.01
.03

.83
.04
.45
.10
.00
.20
.00
.04

.76
.01
.29
.26
.00
. 16
.00
. 04

.52
.00
. 13
.27
.00
.09
.00
.02

.81
.10
.02
.17
.03
.42
.03
.05

.74
.03
.01
.36
.02
.28
.01
.04

.42
.01
.01
.29
.01
.09
.00
.01

7.51
-16
2.81
.06
.12
.01
.19
.10
.14
.28
.09
.11
.07
.24
.17
.70
.23
.53
.15
.61
.74

6.80
.17
2.54
. 05
.13
.01
. 18
.09
. 16
. 26
.08
. 10
.06
.26
. 13
.66
.24
. 37
. 10
.51
. 71

5.73
.20
2.18
.02
.13
.01
.18
.06
.10
.17
.12
.08
.06
.25
.06
.76
.19
.14
.09
.25
.71

6.68
.13
1.42
.38
.13
.00
.34
.03
.04
.16
.07
.05
.03
.31
. 16
1.95
.15
.71
-10
.28
.26

6.79
. 14
1.61
.35
. 15
.00
.33
.03
.05
. 17
.07
.04
.03
.40
. 14
1.93
. 17
.57
.08
.26
.27

7.57
.17
2.25
.21
. 16
.00
.28
.04
.03
.16
.11
.03
.04
.56
.09
2.40
. 18
.31
.09
.18
.28

7.35
.26
1.51
.12
.11
.00
.21
.02
.13
.26
.23
.11
.04
.43
.23
1.63
.22
.84
.18
.43
.42

6.74
.27
1.55
.12
.12
.00
.21
.01
.13
.20
.21
.10
.05
.49
.17
1.44
.24
.56
. 11
.35
.41

6.20
.32
1.85
. 14
. 10
.00
. 19
.01
.08
.08
.28
.09
.09
.55
.07
1.32
.23
.17
. 06
.16
.44

18.35

19.67

22.88

28.27

28.99

30.39

9.46

10.59

12.52

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices

1.75
.24
.04
.21
.01
.75
.06
.00
.13
.31

1 71
.
.25
.03
. 15
.01
. 80
. 06
.00
. 10
.31

1.88
.26
.00
.07
.01
.99
.08
.00
.05
.40

.53
.08
.02
.05
.00
.25
.00
.01
.09
.04

.56
.08
.02
.04
.00
.30
.00
.01
.07
.05

.69
.08
.02
.02
.00
.45
.00
.00
.03
.09

.87
.22
.00
.00
.00
.46
.00
.02
.05
.13

.92
.25
.00
.00
.00
.52
.00
.01
.04
.11

1. 17
.33
.00
.00
.00
.72
.00
.01
.01
.10

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.63

5. 13

5.98

4.03

5.01

6.98

3.66

4.12

4.82

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Boilers and finishers,raetal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.82
.04
.60
.87
.01
.29
.02

1. 98
.05
. 70
.94
.01
.27
. 02

2.62
.08
1.10
1.01
.01
.37
.05

.62
.00
.54
.02
.00
.03
.02

.87
.00
.79
.02
.00
.03
.03

1.83
.00
1.72
.01
.00
.05
.05

1.06
.00
.75
.17
.00
.10
.04

1.21
.00
.84
.22
.00
.09
.05

1.81
.00
1. 16
. 35
.00
. 14
. 15

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Beceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Heighers
Misc .clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




118

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Grain mill
products

Bakery
products

Confection­
ery
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Meehanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
fiadio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.32
.02
.00
.00
.39
.01
2.6 8
.00
.01
-01
.01
.19

3.62
. 03
. 00
.00
. 29
.01
3. 10
. 00
.01
.01
.01
. 16

3.77
.05
.00
.00
.11
.01
3.49
.00
.01
.03
.01
.07

4.01
.04
.06
-01
1.33
.01
2.45
.02
.00
.03
.00
.06

4.49
.06
.04
.01
1.28
. 01
2. 98
.01
. 00
.03
.00
.07

5.02
.07
.01
.01
1.31
.01
3.49
.00
. 00
.04
.00
.08

3.13
.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
2.95
.00
.00
.00
.00
.10

3.65
.11
.00
.00
.00
.00
3.48
.00
.00
.00
.00
.07

4. 10
. 12
.00
.00
.00
. 00
3.98
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.01

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.20
.09
.10

. 23
. 10
. 13

.32
.13
.19

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.14
.06
.08

.15
.05
.10

. 15
.02
.13

b. 69
.19
.06
.00
.11
5.90
.32
.13

7.00
. 15
.05
. 00
. 13
6. 32
.25
. 11

8.32
.21
.10
.00
.16
7.65
.15
.05

19.05
18.52
.00
.00
.01
.00
.39
.12

18.04
17.55
.00
.00
. 01
. 00
.37
. 10

15.87
15.36
.00
.00
.01
.00
.43
.07

.61
.17
.00
.01
.04
.00
.38
.01

.54
.18
.00
.01
.05
.00
.29
.01

.46
.22
.00
.02
. 06
.00
. 16
.01

35.32

34.58

35.90

40.80

38.83

36.48

58.05

58.51

61.96

25. 14

24.21

21.90

27. 14

27. 16

25.28

56.01

56.37

59.36

.70
.0 1
.05
.15
.03
.07
.40

• 66
.01
.03
.08
. 02
.05
.47

.82
.01
.01
.04
.01
.02
.73

.11
.00
.01
.03
.02
.01
.04

.08
.00
.00
.02
.01
.01
.04

.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.05

.24
.00
.05
.04
.01
.02
.12

.21
.00
.03
.02
.01
.01
.14

.27
.00
.02
.00
.01
.01
.24

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

7.84
1.29
.19
6.36

7.73
1 46
.
. 20
6.07

9.48
2.18
.26
7.04

14.44
-66
.05
13.73

15. 10
.82
. 05
14.24

18.34
1.31
.04
17.00

29.51
1.74
.77
27.00

29.84
2.01
.62
27.22

38.94
3.03
.25
35.66

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
binding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

16.59
.40
.23
.17
.03
.01
.01
.20
3.21
.50
. 17
.00
.02
.01
.52
.25
.03
7.95
2.89

15.81
.44
.23
. 16
. 02
. 01
. 01
. 17
2.98
. 47
. 12
.00
. 02
. 01
.42
. 16
.02
7. 83
2.75

11.60
.52
.23
.13
.01
.01
.01
.15
2.14
.40
.06
.00
.01
.01
.39
.11
.01
5.99
1.43

12.60
.63
.18
.43
.02
.05
.00
.03
.38
. 14
.12
.01
-01
.01
.02
.07
.04
3.95
6.50

11. 97
.92
. 18
.42
.01
.03
.00
.02
.38
. 16
.09
. 01
.01
.01
.02
.05
.05
4.04
5.58

6.88
1.05
. 16
.30
.00
.01
.00
.00
.32
.24
.04
.01
.00
.00
.02
.09
.04
3.02
1.57

26.27
1.02
.08
.46
.08
.00
.02
.00
.85
.18
.13
.00
.02
.00
.03
.14
.00
19.34
3.92

26.31
1.35
.09
.43
.05
.00
.01
.00
.77
.19
. 11
.00
.02
.00
.02
. 11
.00
19.30
3.84

20. 14
2.49
. 12
.30
.01
.00
.01
.00
. 47
-.24
. 14
.00
.01
.00
.01
. 19
.00
14. 06
2.10

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

10.18
.01
1.58
1.90
.02
.03
6.6 4

10.38
.02
1.39
2. 15
.03
. 02
6. 78

14.01
.01
1.52
2.17
.06
.01
1C.25

13.66
.00
10.40
.60
.00
.02
2.64

11.67
.00
8.24
.73
.00
.02
2.69

11.20
.00
6.87
.80
.00
.01
3.53

2.05
.00
.33
.78
.00
.09
.85

2.14
.00
.25
.91
.00
.10
.89

2.60
. 00
. 14
.98
.00
. 10
1.38

3.59

3.23

2.47

3.69

3.05

1.80

4.52

3.54

2.01

2.57
.73
1.83

2.24
.71
1.53

1.45
.56
.89

2.63
.61
2.02

2.29
.59
1.70

1.24
.41
.84

2.48
.50
1.98

1.85
.42
1.43

.58
.17
.41

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Inspectors, other
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Ope rati ves
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
tfelders and flamecutters

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




119

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Grain mill
products

Bakery
products

Confectionery
products

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

-23
-00
.17
.01
-00
.03
.03

. 18
. 00
- 14
. 01
. 00
.02
. 02

.20
.00
.16
.01
.00
.02
.01

.80
.00
.24
.16
.06
.18
.18

.51
.00
.20
.08
.05
.08
. 10

.29
.00
.20
.03
.01
.03
.02

1.37
.01
.86
-05
.12
.11
.22

1.12
.01
.73
.03
.13
.07
.15

1.05
.03
.81
.01
.08
.05
.09

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

.01
.01

.01
. 01

.01
.01

.02
.01

.02
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.28
.01
.24
.02
.00

.29
.01
. 25
. 03
.00

.27
.01
.26
.00
.00

.08
.03
.02
.00
.03

. 06
.02
.02
.00
.02

.03
.01
.02
.00
.01

.30
.05
.24
.00
.0 1

.28
.03
.25
.00
.01

.29
.01
.27
.00
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards

.52
.02
.50

.51
.02
.49

.53
.03
.50

.16
.00
.16

. 17
.00
. 17

.22
.00
.22

.38
.01
.37

.29
.01
.28

. 10
.01
.09

10.87
.19
.08
. 14
7.27
.0 1
.07
.02
1.23
.02
.46
.77
.62

9. 59
.21
. 07
. 10
6.59
. 01
. 07
.02
1.03
. 03
. 37
.61
. 49

6.74
.16
.14
.04
5.21
.01
.06
.03
.34
.05
.12
.29
.31

5.24
.00
.03
.02
2.81
.01
.02
.00
.62
.01
1.24
.21
.27

4.67
.00
.02
. 01
2.62
.02
.02
.00
.56
.01
1.01
. 20
. 20

2.86
.00
.01
.01
1.98
.05
.04
.00
.22
.01
.29
. 16
.08

4.57
.00
.00
.05
2.06
.00
.02
.00
1.02
.00
.73
.36
.33

3.94
.00
.00
.03
1.84
.00
.02
.00
.86
.00
.56
.37
.26

2.43
.00
.00
.01
1.31
.00
.02
.00
. 27
. 00
. 13
.50
. 19

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




120

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Beverages

1970

Total all occupations

Misc food
preparation

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Tobacco
manufacturg

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

4. 57

5. 24

5.08

6.37

7.08

7.07

4.81

5.21

4. 89

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

.48
.06
.04
.07
.22
.00
.00
.08

.43
. 06
. 03
.07
.21
.00
. 00
. 07

.33
.06
.03
.06
.12
.00
.00
.06

1.07
.16
.04
.07
.33
.26
.02
.19

.98
. 17
.03
.07
.30
.23
.01
. 16

.81
.22
. 04
.09
.15
.21
.00
.11

.60
.06
.03
.00
.21
.18
.00
.13

.56
.06
.03
.00
.18
.18
.00
.11

.58
. 06
.04
.00
.09
.28
.00
. 11

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

.61
.00
.06
.55
.00

.64
.00
. 10
. 54
.00

.58
.00
.11
.47
.00

.77
.00
.05
.71
.00

.78
.01
.08
.69
.00

.67
.01
.06
.60
.00

.58
.00
.04
.55
.00

-57
.00
.06
.51
.00

.51
.00
.06
.40
.05

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.04
.04

. 03
.03

.02
.02

.03
.03

.03
.03

.04
.04

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science teen

.89
.58
.07
.08
.02
.10
.00
.00
.05

1. 00
.67
. 07
. 07
.01
. 13
. 00
. 00
. 05

1.15
.81
.04
.10
.01
.16
.00
.00
.04

1.85
1.29
.13
.12
.00
.14
.01
.02
.15

2.07
1.51
. 11
.11
.00
. 16
.01
.02
. 16

2.38
1.85
.05
. 14
.00
.14
.01
.04
. 16

1.19
.06
.11
.14
.08
.06
.01
.00
.73

1.12
.05
.10
.14
.06
.06
.01
.00
.70

.97
. 03
.07
.23
.02
.05
.01
.00
.57

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.04
.00
.04

. 04
.00
. 04

.04
.00
.04

.05
.01
.04

.05
. 01
.04

.07
.02
.05

.11
.01
.10

. 10
.01
.09

. 12
.04
.09

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.00
.02

.03
.00
.03

.01
.00
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Sadio operators
Other technicians except health

.06
.04
.02
.01

. 06
.03
.02
. 02

.05
.01
.00
.04

.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.02

.05
.00
.00
.05

.05
.03
.00
.01

.07
.05
.00
.03

.13
.07
.00
.06

Computer specialists
Computer pregramers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.17
. 12
.05
.00

.20
.13
.07
. 00

.17
.11
.06
.00

.31
.18
.11
.02

.40
.21
. 16
.03

.38
.20
.16
.02

.33
.25
.06
.02

.42
.29
.09
.04

.,39
.27
.10
.02

Social scientists
Economists

.20
.20

. 30
. 30

.25
.25

. 18
.18

. 27
.27

.21
.21

.23
.23

.34
.34

.28
.28

Teachers
Adult education

.02
.01

. 02
. 01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.04

.03
.03

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.51
.01
.02
.02
.05
.01
.37
.02

.66
. 01
.03
. 03
. 06
.01
. 48
.03

.66
.01
.04
.05
.04
-01
.49
.03

.24
.00
.05
.02
.03
.00
.12
.01

.30
.00
.07
.02
.04
.00
. 16
.01

.31
.00
.11
.02
.02
.00
. 16
.01

.27
.00
.04
.01
.01
.00
.19
.02

.35
.00
.06
.01
.01
.00
.25
.02

.37
.00
.07
.01
.00
.00
.28
.01

Professional and technical




121

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Beverages

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.82

1. 86

.01
.00

1.85
1.18

2. 15
1.40

2.13
1.52

1.39
.74

1.62
.85

1.52
.89

.04
.05

.06
.14
.39

.19

.00
. 16

.12

.03
.09
. 16
. 40
.07

1.20
.01
.00

1.09
. 01

.00

.00

.08
.14
.35
.06

. 13
. 19
. 40
. 04

.09
.14
.37

9.25

10.76

11.35

8.94

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

2.21
.00

2. 17
. 13
.06
. 00

2.16
.06
.08

1.89
.14
.13

.27
1.70

1. 76

1.86

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
fiestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

7.04

8. 59

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

5.66

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.16
.08

.01

Tobacco
manufacturg

1990

1978

1.56
.92

Misc food
preparation

.01

.12

.34

.00

.00
.01

.00
.00
.10

.00
.00

.00

.08
.32
.15

.11

.11

.02

.33
.13

.26
.09*

10.57

11.81

4.87

5.38

5. 89

1.70
.13
.08

1.42
.07
.08

1.50
.05

1.15
.04

.05

.06
.37

.97

.52
.97

.35
.93

1.76
.05
.05
.08
.89
.70

.70

.66

9.20

7.04

8.87

10.39

3.11

3.88

4.74

.58

.47

.48

.01
.02

.51

.01
.01

.31

.00
.01

.32

.00
.01

.35

.00

.22

.15

.01

.00
.66
.01

.00

.01

.00

.01

.01

.02
.68
.01

.01

.01

. 01
.53
. 00
. 02
8. 04

.00
.01

.01
.02

8.60

6.54

8.35

9.86

2.77

3.54

4.37

5.62
.18
5.44

3.54

3.71

4.64

5.54

5. 59
. 16
5. 43

3.53

3.69

4.63

3.60
.09
3.51

3.89
.13
3.76

5. 40
. 18
5.22

10.82

10. 84

11.94

12.15

11.79

12.12

10.11

10.01

10.81

3.46

3. 55
.02
3. 03
. 04
. 47

4.58
.04
4.03

3.60

4.88

2.67

2.65

3.32

.75

2.06
.06
.55

2.16
.03
.46

2.90

.68

.01
4.11
.00

.51

3.70
.01
3.02
. 04
.63

.73
. 03

.52

.87
.05
.09

.95

.67

.79

.90

.58

.40

.02

.03
.53

.40

.27

. 13
.03

.50

.00
.02
6.51

.12

.02

2.83
.08
.53
.62
.06
.03

.20
.00

.01

.02
.01

.44
. 00

.00

.01

2.81
.09

.01

.02

.01

.01
.01

.00

.02

.00

.01

.21

.03

. 00
.03

122

.22

.04
.50

.46

.06
.26

.08

.30

.00

.00

.01

.03
.45

.33

. 15

.38

.02

.01

.03

.03

.03

.03

.05

.04

.00

.01

.00

.01

.00

.01

.01

.00
.01

.00

.00

.42

.01
.01
.01

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Beverages

Misc food
preparation

Tobacco
manufacturg

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

6.74
.14
2.41
.24
.15

6.84
.19
2.83
.31
.18

7.68
.26
2.13
.16

6.65
.17
1.25
.08
.27

6.90

.12
.01

6.57
.31
2.40
.05
.09

6.46
.18
1.29

.00

7. 14
.27
2. 12
. 13
. 12

.17
.08
.09
.27
.15

6.57
. 15
2. 44
.26
. 17
. 00
. 18
.08
. 10
. 25
. 13

.19
.08
.06
.17
.17

.18
.03
.15
.27
. 14

. 17
.04
. 15
.24
. 10

.13
.05
.07
. 13
.07

.13

.08
.05
.31
.23
.91
.23
.55
.13
.07
. 50

.07
.05
. 36
.18
. 88
. 24
.40
. 08
. 06
. 50

.07
.03
.41
.08

. 10
.03
.42

.08

15.48

15.69

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices

1.45
.26

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
rfeighers
Misc clerical workers

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00
.12

.01

.00

.01

.00

.01

.00

.02
.12

.09
.25
.03
.13
.03
.46
.16

.10
.29
.00
.12
.02
.11
.08
.21
.03

.11
.02

.23
1.62
. 19
. 25

.00
.02

. 12
.05
.05
.28

.01

. 11

.01

.04
.37
.24
1.24
.26
.67
.17
.56
.56

1. 17
.27
.47
. 12
.46
.56

1.39

.88
.22

.86
.22

.17

.56

.75
.13
.43
1.09

.62
.09
.38
1.07

.58
. 11
1. 16
. 15
.49
. 10
.23
1. 16

15.62

15.86

16.46

17.27

14.48

16.02

19.21

1 48
.
.26
. 00
.03

1.82
.24

1.24
.37

.00

1.47
.41

.01

1.25
.38
.03
.58

.00

.23
.91
.04

.03
.54

.01
.00

2. 17
.38
.04
.39
.82
.09

1.91
.28

. 01

2.39
.40
.06
.50
.79
.13

.00
.02
.73
.00
.00

.30

. 17
.33

.06
.56

.16
.33

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.35

4. 86

5.69

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.09

1. 26
.00

1.95

.00

.00

.00

.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Auto body repairers

4.91
.23

5. 00
.29

4.45
.27

.72
. 01

.33

.00

.01
.01
.00

5.21
.07

2. 91
. 06
. 02

3.41
.03
.04

1.16

.97

.05
.03

. 06
.03
. 03
. 03
. 00

.00

Crafts and kindred workers

Auto

mechanics

and

apprentices

Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.00

.04
.61

.02
.00
.22

.16
.05
.04
.52

.00

.04
.92

.68

.00
.04
.00
.86

.04
.00

1.02

.00
.05
.00

.13

.00

. 16

.00

1.63
.23

.06

. 04

.04

.02
.94
.01
.00
2.47
.07

.02
.00

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.02

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators

.02
.00
.02

0 - 8 1
343-899
9


1.12
.20

.01

.00

.00

.01

.20

.01
.12

.43

.11
.21

.12
.20

.00

.06

.32

.20

.03
.27

5.04

5.53

6.06

4.57

5.19

6.60

1.46

1.62

2.31

1.64

1.93

3.33

.01
.09
.01
1.01

.01
. 09
.01

.00
. 12
.01

.00

.00

.00

1.82
. 11

1.26
.14

1.55
. 16

2.74
. 18

.15

. 15

.00

.24

.00

.16
.05

. 17
.04

. 32
. 07

5.68
.09

5.62
.09

6.03
.13

6.62
.19

6.83
.24

.00

.02
.66
.01

.00

.00

6.28

.07

.05
.04
.84

.05
.04
.65

.07
. 06
.18

.16
.09
.07

.12
.07
.05.

.14
.08
.06

.11

.07

. 10
.06
.04

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.24

. 00
. 01
. 19

.09
.05
.04
.04

.02
.02

.01

.11
. 06
.05
.06
.04

.02

.02

5.69

.03
5.14

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.02
4.95
.00

.02

.00

.03
4.82

.02
.01

.02

.00
.00
.00
.02

.09
.04
.05

123

.00
.00
.00

1.18
. 18

.03
4.18

.04

.00
.00
.00

.19

.36

.02

.00
.01

.07

.02
.24
.01

.04

.00

.03
.42

.51

.00

.00
.02
.21

.52
. 14

.01
.00
.01

.00

.00
.00

.01

.00

. 18

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Beverages

Misc food
preparation

Tobacco
manufacturg

1970

Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

1970

1978

1990

3.62
.04

3.00
. 04

1.58
.04

1.63

1.30

1.11

.00
.02
.05
.00
.02
.03
. 12
.67

2.68

.00

.00
.02
.16
.00
.01
.02
.01

. 02
.09

.00
.02

.03
. 08
. 54
2. 20

.35
.97

.22
.00

.22
.00

.26

.00

1970

.89

1978

.89

1990

.81

.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.55

.58

.48

.36

.31

.07
.07

. 00
.08
. 08

.00

.00
.00
.11
. 14
.00

.56
.05

. 15
.03

.19

.06

.12

.19
.09

.28
.03

.00
.00
.00
.86

.00

.43

.00
.01

.00
.01

.00
.00

40.85

&

Operatives

1990

©
•
o
c
n

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

1978

41.43

40.11

39.47

40.13

51.80

50.60

47.57

22.88

23. 28

24.29

30.92

30. 32

28.78

49.10

47.59

43.55

.25

. 26

.33

1.04

1.04

1.20
.01

.31
.04

.29

.35

.06
.06

.05
.03

.03

.01
.00
.02
.01
.02
.01

.01
.00
.01
.01
.02
.01

.01
.00
.02
.01
.01
.00

.18

. 20

4.86

.02

.01

.02
.04
.01

.02
.01
.02
.01
.04
.00

.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00

.02
.03
.01

.01
.02
.00

.01
.01
.01
.00

.29

-85

.92

1.15

.16

.18

.30

6.98
3.56
.75
2.67

1 1.25

.46
1.74

5. 15
2.81
. 52
1. 82

.37
9.86

11.09
1. 09
.39
9.62

13.49
1.40
.46
11.63

22.03
9.07
.84
12.13

21.41
8.85
.79
11.77

24.66
9.48
.61
14.57

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
fiiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatives
Other operatives,exc transport

17.78
.82

17. 88
.98

16.98
1.51
10.41
.04

18.63
.67
1.06

14.10
1.44
.98

26.75
.55
.04

25.90
.73
.05

18.54
1.34
.05

.00

.00
.00

18. 19
.85
1.06

.04

.29

.19

.59

.55

.42
. 00

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Sail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

17.97
9.60
3.57

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,proace

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt




2-66

10.02
.02
.00
.04

10.21
.02
.00

. 04

.02
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01

.06

. 03

.04

. 03
. 63
.40
. 15
. 00
. 00

.01

.66
.38
.20
.00
.00
.01
.05
.05
.32

.01

3. 11
1.96

.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.00
.01

.05
.51
.51
.08

.01

.29
.84
.34
. 19

.00
.00
.01
.04
.00
.14
.01

.01

.04
. 04
. 20
. 01
3. 14
1.91
16.78
8. 77
4. 11
. 00
. 01

1.02

.07
.07

.00

.01
.02

.04
.13

.00
.63
.01

.00
.00
.27
.00
.01

.05
.04
. 00
.25
.77
. 31
. 15
. 01

.00
.00

.00
.01
.01
.02
.00

.23
.52
.26
.09

.02

.01
.02

.04
. 11

.04
.1 1

.45

.00
.01

.00
.48
.00

.06

.00

.00
.02

.00
.01

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.61
.55
.16
.04

.56
.56
.14
.03

.00
.00
.09
.00

.00
.00
.07
.00
.21

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.37
.69
. 17

.02

.00

.00

.06
.00
.27
. 04

.29
. 11
14.64
9.05

.09
14.35
8.54

10.86

2.70
.16
1.64

3.01
.15
1.85

4.02
. 19
1.90

2.56
1.04

9.50
4.46

9.46
4.33

7.36
2.34

17.14
10.63
4.32

9.20
2.95
1.53
.04

9. 15
2.81
1.75
.04

11.35
3.87
1.79
.07

.04
. 04
4.46

.07

.01

.00
.00
.00
.11

5.55

.79

. 12
.90

.13
1.80

4.28

.00

.00
.01
.00

.18
4.62

. 14
3.75

.03
2.14

.04
.06
4.58

2.81

2.26

1.26

4.09

3. 18

1.77

3.48

2.88

1.96

1.80
.31
1.49

1.38
. 25
1. 13

.50
.09
.41

2. 18

1.65
.37
1.28

-59
. 17
.42

2.10

.44
1.74

1.57
.61
.96

.21

.22

. 18
.03

.19
.03

1.09

.82

.77

.26

.03

.00

.07

.01
.02
.02

.07

.01

.01

.01
.02

.01
.02

.56
.06

.02

.48
.03

.04

.06
.38

.04

.04

.00

.00

.05

. 05
. 01
. 02

.01

.02

.02

. 05

124

.02

.22

.00

.01

.03
.60

.01
.02

.04
.07

.79
1.30

.00
.00

.09
.03
.06
.04
.04

.00
.00
.00

.22
.00
.00
.07

.02

.08
.03
.03

.00
.00
.00

.52

. 31
. 23

.00
.00

. 06

.01
.12

.04

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Tobacco
manufacturg

Misc food
preparation

Beverages

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies

.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.17

.03

.19
.03

. 14

.05

.01
.00

.31
.06

.00

.24
.04

. 10

.03

.24

.05

. 03

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards

.63
.,
01
.6 1

.61

.54

.01

.02

.63

.56

.01

.02

.00

.80

.84

1.08

.60

.54

.61

.54

.32

.80

.84

1.08

10.57

9. 57

7.70

8.94

5.19

6.87

. 04
.08
6. 51
. 00
. 11

.05

.03
.15
3.93

.01
.00

6.02
.02
.00

4.27

.04

7.75
.03
.03
. 10
3.60

.04
4.55

.03
4.11

.01
3.25
.00

. 19
.04

. 14

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.10
.01
.01

.01

.11
.00

6.94

. 10

.00

.00
.00

. 10
.05
. 01

.00
.01
.01
.01

.01

.01

.01

.25

,02
.00

5.84

.07

.00
.22
.01

.87
1.39

.01

. 69
. 77
1. 14

.01
.86

.00
.08
.01
.22

.59
.81

125

.00
.12

.03

.02
.01

.18
.04
1.03

.02
.00
.02

.01

.01

.34

.02

.05
.03

2.88
.02

.84

.88
.01
.68

.02
.31
.01
.21

1.99

.60
1.59

. -45
1.05

.01

.68

.02

.00

.03

.00

.50

.00
.20
.01
.00

.00
.02
.00

.37

. 12

.01
.00
.10
.01
.00

.01
.00

.02
.00

. 07

.00

.00

.00

.67
.18
.89

.60
.16
.70

.33
. 13
.45

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Textile
mi 11
products
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Knitting
mills
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Dyeing,
finishing
textiles
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

2.99

3.39

3.92

1.93

1.71

1.72

9.39

9.62

9. 35

.Engineers, technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.52
.03

. 53
.03
. 01

.52
.03

.22
.00
.00
.00

.23

.00
.00
.00

.22
.00
.00
.00

.76
.07

.00
.10

.75
.08

.71
. 11

. 19
.03

.18
.03

.37
. 12

.08
.29

.10

.09
.36
.13
.09

.20

.01
.02

.02

.01
.02

.29
. 11
.07

. 30
. 11
. 06

.25
.19
.07

.18
.03

Life and physical scientists
Chemists

.16
.15

. 17
. 16

.18
.17

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.50
.50

.59
.59

.68
.68

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.89

.93

1.07

.23

.27

.36

1.53

1.59

1.39

.05
.06

.13

.13

. 12

.01
.66

.05
.06
. 01
.07
. 01
. 72

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.09
.09

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.00
.01

.00

.00

.09

.10
.01

.01

.00
.00

.03

.01

.00
.00

.03

.02

.00
.00

.06

.02

.01

.01

.03

.09

.03

.01

.00

.00

.01

.00
.02
.10

.00

.08

.01

.00
.01

.82

.15

. 19

.26

.03
.08
.03
1.25

.09
.09

.05
.05

.02
.02

.02
.02

.09
.09

.03
.03

.03
.03

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.01

.02

.05

. 02

.03

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
-01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 22
. 19
.07
. 01

.22

.11

.19
.07

.08
.03

. 19
. 10
.09

. 13
. 10
.03

.19
.05

.26
.17
.08

.28
. 16
. 11

.05

.17

.08

.02

. 03

.00

.00

.00

.20

.09

.02

.03
1.29

1.09

.00
.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.01

.01
.01

. 02

.02

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01

Social scientists
Economists

.00
.00

.02
.00
.00

Teachers
Adult educaticn

.08
.08

. 08
.08

.03
.03

. 10
. 10

.05
.05

.07
.07

.06
.06

.01
.01

Hriters,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.31
.29

. 38
.29

.37
.28

.30
.27

.39
.30

.38

.97
.30

.03

- 09
.03
. 01

.03
.09

.10
.10
.22
.21
.00
.00
.02
.00

.19

.51
-92
. 00
.06

.03

.03

.03

.92
.50

.01

.00

.87
.96

.98
.53

.83
.97

.19
.25

.06
.19
.03

.29
.06

. 15
.25
.09

. 16
. 18

.00

.99
. 97
. 01
. 15
.31
. 09
. 01

.00

.01
.00

3.37

9. 27

3.67

9.75

6.37

.52
.08
.03
.19

.99

-92

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers
Managers,officials,proprietors
Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade
Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators




.12

.05

.01

.02
.01

.89
.39

.01
.10

.28
.06

.22

2.85

.20

2.69

.01

.01

.01
.01

.02
.01

.00

.52
.25

.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03

.09

.00

.62
.30
. 00
.09

.21

.00

.57
.29

.00

.07
.19

.22
.00
.12
.00

.00
.10

.00

.00

.03

.02
.00

5.08

3. 18

9.06

9.57

. 51
. 08
. 02
. 17
. 29

.55
.07

.38
.07

.37
.07

.39
.07

.17
.29

.19
.15

. 12
. 16

.19

.21

3.76
. 22
3. 53

9.53
.26
9.26

2.80
.16
2.69

3.69
. 18
3.51

9.18

3.23
.36

.02

126

.02

.02

.02
.11

.20

3.98

.00

.10
.00

.13

2.88

.00

.00

.00

.01

. 00

.00

.00

.00

.90

.11
.00
.11
.21

.11
.00

9.33
.38
3.95

5.97
.93
5.59

. 08

.21

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Knitting
mills

Textile
mill
products
1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

.94

1.04

1.29
.03
1.26

.66
.00
.66

.71

.94

.01
1.02

.71

.98
.00
.98

9.51

8.17

8.34

8.96

10.91

10.47

10.29

2.93
2.46

1.73
1.30

1.82
1.45

2.25
1.89

2.65
1.62

2.57
1.72

2.91
2. 25
. 01

.46

.41

.37

.34

.46

.61
.07

.60
.03

1970

1978

1990

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.05

.00

1. 16
.01

1.56

.01

.01

1.05

1 15
.

1.55

Clerical workers

8.43

8.57

2. 11

2.22

1.56
.03
.52

1 74
.
. 02
. 46

.6 1
.05

.65
. 02

Stenographrs,t ypists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators, investigators,o tiier
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
file clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerxs
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipe fitters,aprentices
Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc rnech
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices
Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Other mechanics and apprentices




.01

.01

.01

.01

.01
.00

.00

.13

. 30

.26

.09

.02

.00
.21
.02

.35

- 27
. 00
. 04

.00

.00

.39

.31

.03

.04

.03

5. 70
. 25
. 83
. 04
. 09
. 23

6.13
.32
.91
.06

5.92

.01

.28

.01

5.83
.18
.90
.04
.05
.34

.08
.40
.15

. 10
. 40
. 13

.01

.07
.37
.16

.00

.05
.38
.16

.00

.00

.07
.03
.41
.14
1.47

. 07

.07

.05

.05

.02

.01
.01

.05
5.71
.23
.81
.03
.08

.21
.01

.01

Dyeing,
finishing
textiles

.01

.01

.15

.10

.01

.01

.39

.02
.00

.17

.01

.18

.36
.17

.01
.02

.00

.53
. 13
1.78
. 17
.45
.06

.46

.40

.42

13.05

14. 46

16.52

10.89

12.62

.89
.23

.93
. 24
. 01
. 01
. 50
. 01

1.07
.23

. 32
.06

.01

.01
.02
.64
.01
.00

.30
.06

.11

. 06
. 10

.03
. 12

.03
.03

4.44

5.00

5.67

.85

. 93
. 00
.79
.09

1.19

.71
.08

.01

.03

.01
.02

.01

. 02

5.90
.09
.06

6. 56

.03
.03

.00
.01

3.77

.01

1.76

.20

. 12
. 05
. 00
. 02
4. 64

.01

7.39
.13
.03

127

.08
.53
.19
.04
.14
.05
.28
.15
2.24

.09
.50
.16
.04
.13
.05
.28
.13

.00

2.22

.06
6.82
.73
. 73

.01

. 11
.09

.00

.05
.38
. 19

.01

.09
.07
.17
.08
2.92

.23

.22

.19
.33
.36

.29
.37

. 32
.06
. 18
.42

13.81

13.64

15.56

19.79

.37
.07

1.44
.40

1.46
.44

1.59
. 54

.22
.88

.00
.02

.18
.18

.15
.17

3.73

4.25

4.55

4.98

5.67

.21
6' 80
.

.54

-52

.35

1.10
.00

1.42

2.71

.52

. 50

.15

2. 52
.13

.03

.05

3.59
.03
.08

4. 11
.03
.03

.01

.01

.01
.33
.01
.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.65
.00
.00

.66
.12

.03

.90
.15

.02
.01
.67
.00
.00

.00
1.22

.74
. 00
.00
.09

.00

.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00

5.62

6.87
.02
.00
.00

7.98
.03

3.12

.00
.00

.02
.10
.01

.03
6.53

.04
7.58

.03
2.59

3.11

3.76

. 07

.26
.06

.28
. 10

.25
. 10

.05

5.30

.10

.01
.10
.11
.00

.10
.00

.03

5.90
1.19

.09
. 11

.39
. 00

.00
.00
.25
.00
.00
.01

.00
.02

1.54
. 18

.12

.01

.01
.01

.00
.00
.20
.00
.01
.02

.00
.01
.17
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.02

.01

.25

.05
.40
.14

.01

.45
. 15
1.75
.16
.55
.08

.01
1.01
.11
.02

.00

.91
.05
.06
. 37

.45
.07
1.93
.23
.29
.06
.15
.59

.00

.47

7.03
.62
.91

.46
. 12
1. 47
.23
. 50
. 06
. 20
. 49

.07

.02

7.45
.60
.98

.02

.01
.01
.45
.00
.01

.55

6.33
.24
.85
. 10
.07
.41

.20

.02

.12

.36

.87
.03

.00
.10

.02

.21

.22
.00

.66

.01
.11

.02

.63
.09

.81
.07
.04

.01

.84

.00
.02

.00

.06
.03
.57
.07
2.32
.16
.26
.06
.09
.48

.20

.02
1.01

.00

.01
.22

.07

.01
.22

.01

.00

.03
.04

.00

.00
.02

.01
.02

.00

.00
.02

.02
.01
.00
.20

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Textile
mill
products

Knitting
mills

Dyeing,
finishing
textiles

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.41
.34
.03
.05

. 50
. 42
. 02
. 06

.67
.60

.24

.29
.27

.42
.41

2.46

.02

.20
.00

2.10

2.95
2.57

4.20
3.73

.05

.03

.03

.29

.45

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.02
.01
.01

. 02

.02
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

.55
.05
.04
.03
.13

.51
.09
.08
.06
.08
.15
.04

.45

.36

.45

.38

.02

.51
. 07
.04
. 04
. 11
.19
. 04
. 02

.01

.00
.01

64.08

61.67

58.90

62.60

59. 92

56.26

.34

. 29

Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Hail vehicle operators, other
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




.20

.07

.01
.01

.01

. 01

.31

.00
.00
.02

.00

.00
.01
.01
.00
.01

.14

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03

.03

54.26
51.47

.37

.31

.30

.13

. 12

.15

33.66

.38
19.33

. 42
18.79

22.50
.05
5.84
1.67
.26
14.68

7.06
4.68
.38

7.52
5. 09
. 34
2. 09

9.64
6.45

2.99

10.25
6.84
.18
3.23

10.82
7.26
. 16
3.40

16.89
.42

26.10
. 19

.27
1.47

13. 28
. 27
. 01
. 22
1. 57

.17
1.76

2.33
.04
.05

2.48
.03
. 04

.01

.00

.26
.28

-27
.25
. 09

.25
.17
.07

.01
.00
.00
.00

.07

.05

.01
.00

.01
.00

.03

.05

.09

.11

31.68
. 16
10. 12

33.08

.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00

.05

.03
.05
.04
.05
.04
.04

.00
.02

.03
.03
.03
.03
.03
.14

.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01

. 26

.30
7.08
.82
24.68

21.91
.07
.27
7.99
.74
12.84

13.01
8.37
.09
4.55

7.69
5.15
.24
2.30

8.28
5.67
.25
2.35

11.24
7.72
.33
3. 19

24.43
. 26

29.40
.48

16.52

.00

.21
.01

16. 37
.26

18.02
.42

.80
2.33

. 62
2.47

.40
2.48

.05
.78

2.75

1.49

1.60

1.82

.03

.04
.05
.06
.04

. 04
. 03
.06
.04

.20

.01

.01

.01
.01

.00
.00
.02

2.20

.00
.00
.01

.00

.07
.03

.77
.14
.19

.74
.13
.15

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.01
.01
-01

. 05
19.03

.08
23.75

.26
.19

. 18
. 17

.10

.19

.18
.03

. 14
.03

1.48

2.65

.56

.64

.00

1.02
.00

.17

.09
.14

.09
.17

.14
. 17

.04
.65

1.75
.03
. 10
. 84
. 01
. 04
.74

2.24

2. 02

1.56
.44
1.13

1. 36
. 40
.96

.01

.01

1.02
.01

.02

.00

.02

.03
.78

.00
.02
.07
.00

.04
20.79

.01

.01

.00
11.60

.01
.02

.01

.20

.00
.01
.02
.00

.06
10.85

.68
.01

.00

.00

30.34
.16
.31
7.25
.87
21.75

.21
1 1.73
2.01

. 03
.04
7.61

.09

.00

.01
.00
.00
.00

.03
.03
8. 16

.02

.00
.02

55.29

29.42
.61
2.24
10.13
2.50
13.94

.01

.03

57.66

38. 83
1. 40
3. 06
12. 83
4. 10
17. 45

.11
.01

.03

.02

65.06

41.45
1.72
3.35
13.51
4.62
18.25

.02

.29
.05

67. 05

. 13

.00

.27
.14

70.13

. 11

.22
.01

.29
.19

.00

57.79

.01
.00
.20

13.75

.00

59.84

.05

2.00

.00
.00
.01

66.08

.01

.02
.01

.00
.00
.01

67.69

. 08

. 04

.02

70.69

.01
.11
.02
.01

.06

.52

.10

.00
.01

.28

.01
.00
.02
.01

.01
.01

.21
.01
.00
.01

.01
.10
.00
.01

.04
.36

.02

.15

.01
.21
.02

.03
.08

11.99

.01
.01
.74
.00
13.60
.01

.04

.00
.61
.10

. 11

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

1.76
.03
.72
.14

1.49
.54

.74
.05

2.18
.19
.16
1.03

2.51
.33
.16

.00
.10

1.22
.00
.11

2.79
. 18
. 29
1.35

.02
.12

.00
.01

. 00
1.58

.01

.00
.02

.00
.01

.31

.37

.71

.70

.69

.86

1.45

1.50

1.41

1.13

2.45

2.04

1.04

.77

.97
.17
.80

.85
. 15
.70

.46
.06
.40

1.68

1.34
.37
.97

.54
. 16
. 38

.04
1.40

.22
.55

128

.00
.01

.43
1.26

.00

. 11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Textile
mill
products

Dyeing,
finishing
textiles

Knitting
mills

1970

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt
Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.07
.03

.06
. 02
. 00
. 01
. 01

.06
.03

.07
.04

.07
.03

.09
.05

.06
.04

.05
.03

.03

.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00
.01
.02
.02
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01
.01

.01

.00
.01
.01
.01
.02
.02

.01

. 01

.00
.00

.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.02
.01
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

Personal service workers
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.08
.07

. 08
.07

.08
.06

.01

.02
.01
.01

.03
. 02

.05
.04

.03
.03

.00

.02
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

Protective service workers
Guards

.52
.52

.52
.52

.51
.51

.43
.43

.46
.46

.52
.52

.68
.68

.63
.63

.46
.46

4.80

3.56
.04
.03
2.08
.04
.40

3.21

3.14

2.44

4.49

4.05

2.93

.07
2.28
.04
.72

4. 4 7
. 02
. 05
2. 20
.04
.70

.09
2.45

.07
2.34

.03

1.34

1.31

.61

.54

.00

.21
.00

.70
.13
.82

. 60
. 13
.70

.24
.15
.55

.15
.09
.39

. 13

.53
.16

.43
.14
.53

. 14
. 10
.35

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter aelpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.01

.02

.01

.01

.01

.02

129

.00
.02
1.22
.00
.00

.01

.00
.01
1.23
.00
.00

.11

. 34

.01

.00
.01
1.25
.00
.68
.00
.05
.19
.27

.00

.00
.00

.66

.00

.00

.00
2.10

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Floor
covering
1970

Total all occupations

1978

199 0

100.00 100.00 100.00
3.64

3. 96

.58
.03
.03

.54
. 03
. 01

.36

.06

.34
. 10
. 00
.05

Life and physical scientists
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

.17
.14

. 16
. 13

.03

. 03

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.77
.05
.05

.61

- 81
. 05
. 04
. 00
.07
. 00
. 65

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

.00

.10
.00

.00

Misc
textile
mills

Yarn and
fabric
mills
1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

197 0

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

3.55

3.26

3.76

4. 12

4.29

4.71

5. 3 8

.40

.59
.03

.60
.03

.78
.07

. 96

.00
.00

.77
.05

.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.28
.24

.28
.27

.24
.50

.02
.02

.02
.02

.32
.13

.34
. 12

.65
.04
.03
.03
.31
. 15

.04

.07

.06

.08

.18

. 17

.00
.21

.15

.15
.15

. 17
.16

.20
.20
.00
.00

.30
.30

.30
.30

.00
.00

.33
.33

.00
.00

1.42
.07
.16

1.57
.07
.17

2. 12

.01

.01

.05
.04

1.10

.06
.04

1.22

.04
.04
1.64

.02
.01
.00
.21
.13
.00

.00

.01

.01

.11
.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.87
.05
.04

.00

.94
.06
.07

1.08
.06
.07

.01

.02

.00
.00

.01

.00
.06
.00

.01
.06
.01

.72

.74

.83

1.41
.04
. 12
.03
. 14
.03
1.06

. 00

.00
.00

.05
.05

.05
.05

.06
.06

.07
.07

.08
.08

.13
. 13

.01
.00
.01

.01
. 00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.01
.02

.03

. 05

.08
.05
.03

.03

.06

. 11

.03

.06

. 11

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.38
.26

.47
. 30
. 17

.16

.22

.20

.00

.05

.13
.07

.26
.16

.00

.39
.26
.13

. 29
. 15
.14

Social scientists
Economists

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.07
.07

. 06
. 0b

.01
.01

.44
.34

. 46
.35
. 01
. 03
. 07
. 00

.29

Mriters,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain
Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wjcrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers

.00
.06
.00

.12
.00

.01

.03
.06

.00

1.22
.71
.00
.18
.28
.06

.00

1.45
. 86
. 00
.24
. 30
.04

.86
.14
.07
.24
.41

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
.Restaurant, cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

3.78

4. 72

4.91




.02
.02

.04
.04

.04
.04

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.09
.09

.09
.09

.03
.03

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.33
.26

.41
.31

.41
.29

.02

.25
.18

.00

.28
.18

.00

.04
.04

.05
.03

.06
.05

. 19
.09
.00
. 03
. 07

1.37
-72

1.24
.75

.29
.33
.03

. 29

.32
.07

. 88
. 14
. 08
. 23
.43

.24
.03
3.52

.10
.00

.26

.96
.13
.14
.26
.43

.00

.00

1.06
. 46
.03
. 14
. 36
.05

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,otaer
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.00

.01

.01
.10

.01

.01

.51

.02

.14
.31

.02
.02

2.97

3.77

4.71

.49
.07
.04
.18

.47
.07

.20

.22

.52
.05
.03
. 17
.27

2.48

3.30

4.20

.00

.02

. 17

.02

.26

.01

.18

.01

4. 45

4.65

2.30

3.09

130

.02
1.01

.02

.01

.00
.20
.01

. 24

.00

.02

.90
.38

5.77

.00

.02

.01

1.43
.96

5. 60

.00

.06
.32

.14
.06

.01

.00
.20

.01

.23
. 14
.07

.11

.04
.03

4.75

.00

.03

.03
.03

.01
.00

Managers,officials,proprietors

.02

.22
.01
.02
.05
.00

.00

.00

.01
.09
.02

.00
.26
.01

3.93

.00
1.22
.62
.00
.21
.34
.06

.00

5.36
.98

.00
.00

.00

.00

.00

.00
.20
.01

. 00

6.43

7. 10

.10
.02

.11
.01

.97

1. 13
. 13

.38
.48

.33
.52

. 32
.67

4.38

5.46

5.97

.01

.24

.01

.01
.26
.01

4.12

5.18

.00

.01
.01

. 36
5.59

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990

1970

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1978

1990

2*54

2. 88
.00
2. 88

4.15

.00

.00

4.15

.92

.00

2.54

Misc
textile
mills

Yarn and
fabric
mills

Floor
covering
1970

.92

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.99

1.59

1.68

1.58

.03
1.65

1.94
.06

.99

1.20
.00
1.20
8.60

10.31

9.99

11.15

2.91

2.81

.00

2.86
.00

3.84

2.06
.06
.69

2.19
.03
.64

3.01

.00

13.36

13.23

13.47

7.33

7.51

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

3.51
.03
2.46
.06
.96

3.58

4.54

1.95

2.08
1.69

.01

.87

1.50
.03
.42

.02
2.53
.01

.36

.35

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office irachine operators

1.24
.06

.51
.03

. 55

.40

Clerical workers

.02
.41
.00

.71
.03

.02
2.68

.03
.85

.01
3.66
.00

1.44
. 02

.92

.01

.01
.01
.70
.00

.49

.02
. 12
.01

.19

.01
.89
.00

.01

.02
.01

.26

.01
.01

.23

.29

.01

.01
.22
.00

-02
. 12
.00

.03

.03

.02

4.88
.18
•66
.03
.08
.13

4.87

.01

.01

5.29
.29
.81
.05
.09
.15

.07
.37
.14
.07
.03
.42

.08
. 38

.02

.63
.03

.02

.04

.54

.01
.01

.09

1.88

.00
.00

.82
.36

.00
.01

.08

.02
.40
.02
.11

.01

.01

.30

.20

6.87
.30
1.03
.03

6.59
.32
.99
.03

.17

.18

.13
.25

.47
.08
.06

.13
.44
.05
.06

.09
.35
.03
.07
.52
.09
2. 41
.29
.31

.17
.72

.51
.17
1.79
.23
.60
.05
.16
.74

.01
.11

.00

.01
.02

.00
.02

8.22

8.01

. 26
1.32
.03
. 17
. 64
. 01
.32
. 37

.33
1.71
.06
.17
.63

.11
.00
.10
.10

2.46
.28
.16
.05
.23
.96

1.08

.33
.58
. 15
.48
.96

. 12
. 00
.26
. 19
2. 10
.34
.41
.09
.41
.95

.41

.45

.47
.07
1.27
.26
.33
.06
. 17
.56

11.81

13.33

16.30

14.07

15.25

17.34

13.51

15.30

20. 15

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipe fitters,aprentices

1.12

1.24
.35
. 04
. 04
. 70
. 00

1.74
.44

1.03
.26

1.08
.25

1.30
.19

1.10
.33

.00
.01

1.11
.37
.00
.01

.50

.51

1.27
.54
.00
. 02
.58

.03
.09

. 02
-09

.05
.17

. 12

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.63

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.18

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.55
.04
.09

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




.02

8.61
.25
1.23
.03
.15
.64

.01

.31
.40
.23
.13

.00

.29
.24

2.21

.32
.05
.04
.59

.00
.01

.01

.99
.07
.07
.04

.00

.00

2.57

.01

.69

.00

.03

.12

.01

.18
.25
.23

.20

.01

.11

.21

.60
.07

.20

.20
.68

.04
.09
. 14

.12

. 06
.03
.47
. 10
1. 04
.24
.49
.05

.20

.01
.02

.01

.07
.41
.15
.06

.01

.01
.12

.02

.46

.20

1.83

.20

.78

.12

.03

.01
.02

.59

.15

.01
.02
.07
.12

.03
.82

. 06
. 12

.05
. 16

.00
.00
.07
.20

5.36

6.65

4.51

5. 02

5.59

5.51

1.37
- 01
1. 22
.09
.03
. 02
. 00

2.26

.01
2.12
.12
.01
.01
.00

.00
.68

3. 89
.06
.07
. 00
3. 05

3.93
.08

6.94
.15
.06

7.47

3.41

.01

.01

3.40

.59
. 00
. 02
. 10

.36
.03

.01

1.10
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.02

131

.52

.01
.01

.02

.10

.02
.00

.12
.01

.02

.00
.00

.07
6.95
.45
.94

.01
.01

.01

.01

. 11
.89

.00
.00
.01

6.38

8.41

1.42

.00
1.10
.23
.00

1.05
.27

1.37
.00
.84
.35

.04
.06

.03
.07

. 17

4.47

.09

.02

.00
.10
.00

5.33

.05

8.26
.25
.04

7.62
. 00
.06

4. 19

3.54

4.32

6.03

.02

.02

5.57

3.00

2. 70

.00
.00

.02
2. 18
.00
.00

.75

.02
.00

.85

1.48
.04
. 00

.30

.29

.17

.06

.05

.84

.08

.02

.03

.01

.01

.00
.00

.93

.00

.76
.09

.02
.03
.01
.22
.01

1.28

.00
1.02
.13
.05
.06

.02

1.43

.00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

.02
.00

.00
.02

.00
.00

.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Yarn and
fabric
mills

Floor
coverings

Misc
textile
mills

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.15
.13

.21

.40
.36

.19
.14

.22

.30
.26
.03

.43
.33

.53
.39

.80
.61

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.03

. 18
. 00
.03

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Power station operators

.00
.00
1.19
.84
.17

Other crafts, kindred workers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operati ves
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.00

.01

.05

.00

.02

.03

.03

.17
.03
.03

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.03

.03

.02

.04
.04

1. 25
.94
. 17
. 01
. 08
- 06
. 00
. 00

1.33
.81
.35

.53

.01
.04
.00

.01

.50

.58

.16

.03
.14
.17

.04
. 12
. 18
.08

.01

.00

.56

.02
.12
.00
.00

.02

.54

.68
.01
.16
.01

.07
.17

. 14
.09
.25
.03

.02
.07
.00

.02

.07

.02
.08
.02

.06

.12

.02

. 17

.00
.00

.02

.01

63. 17

60. 97

57.60

57.55

55.32

49. 16

44.54

61.89

59.46

55.17

54.94

52.50

45.81

.77

.40

.33

-29

.00

58.38

55.93

52.71

53.58

50.27

.54

.53

.01
.02
.10
.00
.10
.02
.00

. 04

.01
.10
.00
.00

.04
.23
.09
.06
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00

-12
.00
.00
.00

.02

.01

.01
.01

.01
.00
.01
.00
.04
.01
.00

. 05

.00

-12
.02

.02
.01

.07

.11
.22

.09

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01

.01

.05

.03

.14

. 10
. 02

.07

.01

.48

.01

.03

.12
.00
.10

.04
.03

.42

.01

.48

.01
.02

.01
.02

.09

.09

.00

.02
.00
.12

.00

.02
.00

.02

.00
.03
.01
.01

. 13

. 14

.16

.18

.32

46.05
2.48
.63
20.48
6.77
15.69

38.70
1.28
.67
17.71
4.46
14.59

38.09
1.29
.41
9.54
3.41
23.44

36.00
.94
.43
9.83
3.64
21.17

26.22
.25
.47
7.87
3.01
14.62

.29

. 07
. 02
. 00
.38

30-43
.39
.39
7.81
4.28
17.57

27. 17
.31
. 42
7. 71
3. 22
15. 52

18.73
.43
7.23
1.97
8.99

48.24
2.90
.58
21.26
7.48
16.02

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners., mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

7.30
5.6 6
. 10
1.55

8. 08
6.32
. 08
1. 68

9.41
6.75
.03
2.64

5.55
3.67
.50
1.39

5.77
3.93
.45
1.40

7. 17
5.06
.27
1.84

6.03
3.26
.61
2.16

6.31
3.51
.54
2.25

8.52
4. 83
.34
3.35

Other operatives, exc transport

15-32
.37

14. 49
. 51

15.62
.99

7.70
. 14

7. 31
. 17

9.01
.24

10.34
.73

9.77
.71

10.58
.50

3.75

. 00
3.76
. 00
3. 04

3.40

.76

.09
.80

.08
.89

.06
2.52

.04
2.55

.03
2.64

1.52

1.28
.13

1.40

Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives

Assemblers

Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,pollsher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters'and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Hail vehicle operators, other
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




.00
.00

.00
2.86
.00
.00
.2 1
.00
.51
.08
.13

.00

.00

.00

.71

.11

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01

.01

1.33
.04

1.37
.03

.09

.00

.03

.00

. 02

.41
.04
.09

.18
.44

.12
.01

. 19
.39

.10
.01

.17
6.43

.04
.03
4.01

.04
.03
3.70

.00

.38
.06

.00
.02

.03
.09
5.90
.27
. 05

6.86
.00

4.80

.00

5.66

.01

3.69

. 00
. 17
. 00
. 49
. 07
. 11

.04
.07

.01
.12

.00

.01

.02

.01
.20
.22

8.16
.39
3.60

1.28
.06
.53

.26

.01

.00

.02

.02
.01
.01
.01
.00
.21

.26
.08

.02

.06

.02

.00

.00

.00

.04
.06
.71
.37
.19

.06
.04

.00

.00
.10
.00
.02

.05
.69
.36
.16

.00

.00
2.00
.05
.00
.01
.00
.63
.41
. 15

.00

.00

.04
.04
5.31
.03
.05
.16

.03
.04
3.21

.03
.04
2.81

.03
3.56

.29
.70

.60

.24
.31

2.43
.82

2.61
.15
1.41

2.82
.15
1.67

.20
2.00

.76

1.47

.94

.89

.00
. 12
1.04

.01

. 12

.20

1.51
.07

.00

.00
.20

.00
.02

.00

3. 35

.20
2.86
.00

3.36

.16
1.58

.18
1. 90

.13
4.05

.01
.02
.66

2.36

2. 13

1.72

2.52

2.30

1.68

2.47

2.17

1.55

1.48
.23
1.25

1.20
.20
1. 01

.54
.09
.45

1.81
.61

1. 64
.57
1.07

1.10

1.74
.35
1.39

1.45
.31
1.14

.77
. 18
.59

.22
.00

.00

132

1.21

.66
.01
.02

.11

.02
.01

.38
.71

.00
.10

.00
.11

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation. 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Floor
coverings

Yarn and
fabric
mills

1970

1978

1990

1970

. 02
. 00
. 00
.00
. 02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.08

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.04

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.02
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives

.83
.83

.00

. 89
. 89
. 00

3.16
.05
.1 1
1.50

2. 94
.05
.08
1. 44

.05

. 04
. 00
.62
. 00
. 17
. 11
.44

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.00

.00

.65

.00
.20
.10

.51

.02
.01
.02
.02
.01
.01

.13

.06

1990

.06

.02
.02
.01
.01

.02
.02
.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.04

. 13

. 13

1970

.04

.01
.00
.00

1978

1990

.03

.01

.03

.01
.00
.00
.02

.00
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.06
.06

.06

.07

.00
.00

.08

.01

.11

.01
.11
.01

1.13
1.13

.49
.48

.47
.46

.01

.02

.00

2.34

. 02
. 00

5.77
.04
.08
2.87

5.45
.04
.06
2.81

4.75
.07
.04

4.93

4.41

3.58

. 11

.09
2.06

2. 12

.06
.49
.03
1.05
.13

.00

.10

.04
1.27

.00

.00
.02
.00

.32

.00

.07
.16
.37

133

.01

1978

Misc
textile
mills

.01

.01

.01

1.01

.02
.10
.01

.02

.02

.01

.04

.05

.00

.07
.00

.36
.34

.61
.61

.61
.61

.64
.64

.00

.00

.00
.00

.01

2-86
.02

2.12
.00

. 06

.01

.07

.01

.05

.00

.00

.48
.03
.94
. 13
.88

.28
.04
.45
. 14
.77

.40

.37

.65

.53
.18
1.14

.00

.22

1.38

.00

.05

.00

.00

.00

.05

.00
.05
.00
.19
.00
. 17
. 11
.89

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Apparel
and textile
products
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

1978

Apparel
and
accessories

1990

100-00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

2-02

2.39

1.98

2.00

2.40

1.98

2.19

2.34

1.94

.19
.15

.22

.26
.23

.17
.14

.20

.24
.23

.33
.19
.06
.06

.32
.07
.05

.36
.25
.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.01
.01

.28
.03
.08

.03

.02
.02

.26
.03
.05

.02
.02

.18
. 02
. 02

. 18

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01
.01
.01

.16

. 12

. 13

.04

. 15
. 01
. 07
. 00
. 03
.05

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.01
.01

Technicians,except health
Other technicians except health

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Other engineering,science tech

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.02
.01
.01
.01

Life and physical scientists
Chemists

Misc
fabricated
textiles

.02
.02
.01
.01

.14

.00

.01
.01

.00
.08
.00

.00

.00

.00
.00
.01
.01

.16

.20

.20

.08

.08

.00

.00
.09
.00

.04
.04

.03

.03
.03

.04
.03

.14

.14

.03
. 12

.01

.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.05
.05

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.02
.02

.04
.04

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.09
.06

. 12
.08
. 03

.10

.09
.07

.13
.08
.03

.10

.08
.05

.10

.07
.04

.01

.01
.01

.06

Social scientists
Economists

.01
.01

. 01

.01

.00
.00

.01
.01

.02
-02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.13
.03

. 10
.04
.06

.01
.01

.03

.15
.04

.11

.03

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.95

.84
.74
.03

.01

1. 15
1. 03
. 02
.05
. 04
. 01

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

.47
.25

. 60
. 33

.08

.00
.02

.02
.01

.10

.86
.01

.04
.03

.00
.01

.07

.02
.01

.01

.11

.99
.92

.01

.02
.02

.02
.01

.00

.04
.07

.01
.02

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

1.22

.91
.81
.04

.01

.70
.46

.74
.47

.47
.35

.04

.19
.03

.01

.04

.01

.07
.04

1.13

.01
.02

.04

.03

.04

.01

.01

.56
.36

.44
.23

. 57
.31
. 00

.53
.34

.73
.39

.01
.01

.83
.45

.72
.47

.01

.00
.00

.01

.00
.00

. 06
. 20

.01

.02
.01

.07
.03

.02
.01

.01

.00
.01

.04
.17

.00
.02

.01

.00
.01

.02
.02

.00

.01
.21

.01
.02

.01

.01

.01
.01

.01

.04
.15

.01

.04
. 16

.06
. 19

.04
. 14

.06
.24

.08
.26

.06
.17

.01

.01

.01

.02

.01

.00

4.15

5.21

5.57

3.82

4. 81

5.21

6.60

7.57

7.58

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.60
.08
.05
.23
.24

. 58
. 08
. 03

.47
.04

.57
.08
.03

.47
.05

.73

.10

.66

.02

.26

.16
.25

.05
.26
.32

.08
.03
.24
.31

.49
.03

.17
.25

.58
.08
.05
.23
.23

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

3.55
.24
3.31

4.63
. 27
4.35

5.09
.25
4.83

3.24

4.74

3.02

4.24
.23
4.00

4.52

5.87
.51
5.36

6.91
.53
6.38

7.09
.50
6.58

Sales workers
Other sales workers

2-03

2. 26
2. 25

2.49
2.49

1.99
1.98

2. 24
2.24

2.53
2.53

2.32
2.32

2.34
2.34

2.27
2.27

Clerical workers

7.98

8.29

7.86

7.65

7. 99

7.54

10.46

10.05

9.65

1.63

1.76
1.36

1.94
1.58

1.47
1.08

1.59
1.24

1.79
1.47

2.82

.00

2.01
.02

2.76
2.06

2.79
2. 19

.39

.36

.36

.34

.31

.78

.69

.59

Managers,officials,proprietors

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists




2.02

1.20
.02
.41

.21

.01

.00

134

.21

.02

.21

. 26

.01

.01

.21

.02

.02
.21

.24

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Apparel
and textile
products
1970

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.27
.05
5.83
.16
1.36
.04
.07

.01

.18
.06
.25
.19
.06
.04
.47
.14
1.63

1970

1978

1990

.28

.56
.09
.04
.08

.48
.04

.25

.02

.02
.17
.01

.02
.01
.15
.01

.09

.04

.02

.27
.06

. 18
.05

.02

5.66
.15
1.32
.05
.07

5.88
. 18
1.41
.06
.09

5.47

7.07

6.80

6.61

1.40
.07
.07

1.72

.00

.21
1.68
.00

.07

.00

.01

.08

1.53
. 00
.08

. 18
.07
.24
. 17
.06
.03
.62
. 12
1.54
. 15
.36
.07

. 17
.04
.17
.19
.05

.27
.08
.30

.65
.06
1.51
. 12
.16
.07

-25
.08
.34
.25
.08
.05
.29
.16
2.13

.15
.07

.17
.06
.23
. 18
.06
.03
.49
. 14
1.56
.13
.45
.09

1970

1978

.28

.51
. 03

.01

.51
.06
.03
.08

.52
.03

.01
.01
.15
.00

.02
.20
.01
.21

.08

. 04

.02

6. 01

5.64

. 18
1 45
.
.05
. 08

1.42
.06
.07

.21

.00

.01
.20

.19
.04
.16
.19
.05

.01

.27
.05

.00

.02
.20
.01
.22

.00

.01
.01
. 15
.00

.21

.06
1.69

.48

.07
.25
. 18
.07
.03
.58
. 13
1.63
. 14
.37
.07
. 02
. 52

.54

.47

.51

.52

7.03

7. 82

7.87

6.64

7.22

.17
.06

. 20
. 07
. 00
.07
. 00

.25

.12
.04
.00
.03

.12

.46
.09

.02

.01
.6 1

.11

.01

.01

.01

.21

.12

.01

.22

.08
.05
.34
.13

2.12
.12

.05

.21

.01

.28
.03
.13
.23
.07
.04
.34
.06

2.68

.08

.11

.06
.57

.39
.08
.05
.59

.07
.04
.64

6.99

9.88

11.32

12.82

. 13
.05

.14
.07

.52
.19

.60

.01

.22
.01

.83
.27

.04

.05

.19

.24

.01

.01

.58

.11

.00
.01
.02
.01
.00

.00
.01
.02
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.00

.06
.03

.01

.06
.04

.04

. 02
. 00

.10
.00
.10
.00
.01
.01
.03
.00

.01

.10
.01

2.64

3. 17

3.15

2.44

2. 85

2.69

4.05

5.01

5.70

.25

.26
. 00
. 17

.27

.00

.00

.18

. 16

.00

.10
.00

.02

.02

.81

.15

. 14

. 12

.05

.46
.08

.04

.05

.03

.03

.05

.37
.06
.13
.04

.12

.05
.11

1. 19
. 02
.72
. 12
. 08
. 10
.15

2.64

2-92

3. 09

.06
.07

.09
.04

.00

.05

.00
.01
.02
.01
.00

.00

.16

.01

.05

.01
.02

.02

.01

.01
.02

.01

. 02

.02
.02

Meehanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.07

1. 38

1.56

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.14
.09

. 19
. 12

.01

.01

.04

.06

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Telephone installers,repairers

.02
.01

.01
.01




Misc
fabricated
textiles

1990

1990

1978

.52
.07
.03
.08

Apparel
and
accessories

.01
.01
.01
.00
.01
.00

.90
.09
.03

.00
.02
.01

.01
.01
.01
. 00
.01
.00
1. 18

.01
.03
.00
.00
.01
.00

1.40
.05
.04

. 10
.03
. 00

.01
.01

.02

.26
.16

.00

.00
.01
.86
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.81
.00
.01
.00
.02

.07
.06

.00

.00

.00
.00

1.11
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
1.06
.00
.02

.00

.00
.00

1.29

.02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
1.24
.00
.02
.00
.01

. 10
.08

. 12
. 10

. 00

.09

.00
.01

.00
.02

.00
.00

135

.00

.02
.02

.01
.01

.75

.00

.01
.02
.01

1.51
.72
.13
.03
.07

.10

.00

.01
.02
.01
1.87
.66
.13
.03
.06

.01

.39

.00
.21
.00
.01
.01
.01

2.28
.35
. 14
.04
.03

.59
.31
.07

1.00

.03

.21

.73
.37
.07
.28

.00
.00

.02
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00

.48
.08
.44

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Apparel
and textile
products

Apparel
and
accessories

Misc
fabricated
textiles

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Carpet installers
Decorators, window dressers
Furriers
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2-76

2.62

2.39

2.96

2. 85
. 00

2.64

1.31

1.23

1.01
.01
.02

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.02

.00
.00

. 01
. 05
.03
. 01
. 02
2. 34
. 04
. 13

2.24
.03
.06

2.73

73.70

71. 05

72.16

73.21

70. 46

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.12
.01
.01
.01
.02

. 11
. 00
. 01

Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
weavers
Other textile operatives

Operatives
Operatives,except transport

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sanaer,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Milleners
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.05

.02
.01

.03
2.95
.05
.14

.04

.00
.00

.00
.02
2.65
.00

63.99

62.24

62. 89

71.32

74.66

72.11

73.13

62.67

60.82

61.21

.09

.07

.06

.05

.49
.03
.05
.04
.06
.14

.40

.04
.03
.04
.09

.29
. 00
.03

.00

.05

.40

. 48

.01

.56

.00

.03
.14

. 15
. 14
. 04
. 14

.19
.23
.04
.09

6.55
3.89
.32
2.35

7. 46
4. 54
.34
2. 58

4.43
.33
3.24

66.14
.38
4.36
2.06
.09

62.42
.53
3.30
2. 29
. 11
. 02

.01

8.00

62.68
.61
2.87
2.52
.15

.01

.01
.02
.02
.01

.03

.16

.17

.19

.22
.00
.12

.27

.33

1.66
.05
.12

1.72
.03
.15

1.84
. 01

.23
.65

1.08
. 17
.38

.00

.00

.04

. 19
.08

.06

.06

.04

.54
.23
.72

6.50
3.95
.33
2.23

7.38
4.59
.36
2.42

7.81
4.43
.37
3.00

6.96
3.43
.23
3.29

67.87

64.40
. 27
3.77
1.80
.06

64.95
.34
3-35
2.07
.08

53.56
1.57
.74
4.95
.32
.07
.03
.04
. 10

.01

.21

4.85

1.66

.05

.01

.05
.04
.07
.09
53.70

.36
.04
3.24
2.84

.23

.05
3.40
4.08

. 20
. 06
3.88
4. 52

.02

.01
.21
.02

2.78
3.99

3. 11
4.46

.49
.11
.09

. 58
. 11
. 13

-85

.37

.02

.02

.27

.33

.57

.01
.22

1.23

1. 12

.80

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.79
.19
.60

. 69
. 17
. 52

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.07
.03




.01

. 15
.05

.04
.06
.04
.17
49.63

.01
.01
.02

. 59
.18
. 16

.00
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00

. 07
.04
. 07
. 12
47. 08

.01

.00

.53
.26
.35

.00
.00
.00
.02
.02
. 00
.02

.01
.01
.05
.00
.01
.01
.01

Service workers

2.54

.00
.00
.00
.02
.03
.00
.01

.01
. 04
.01
.01
. 02
.01

.01

.01
.01

73.83

.01
.10

.01
.01
.03
.01
.01
.01
.02

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

.00
.05

72.55

. 04

.10
51.07
.01
.22

.00
.00

75.03

.03

.08
.04
.08

.04

.04

.04

.02
.01
.05
.0 1
.01
.02
.01

.05
.03

.02
.02
.00
.02
.02
.02

.09

. 02
. 03

.01
.12
.10

.00
.02

.00

.02
.01
.00
.01
.02
.04
.42
.40
.40

.00
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00

.00

.06
.03

.00
.00
.02

.01

.02

.00
.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.03
.00
.01
.01
.02

.04
.05
.06
. 11
50.31

.03
.07
.04
. 16
52.92

. 01
.04

.02

.66

7.93
4.22

.21

3.50

9.06
4.41
. 11
4.54

50.77
2.07
.52
5.15
.38
.06

50.01
2. 11
.24
4. 98
.54
.03

.04
.09

.04
.09
. 00
. 04

.21

.02

.00

.00
.01
.26
.02

.00
.07
.01
.21
.02

.15
.16
31.89

. 13
.18
28.16

2.56

2.86

.14
.30
7.96
4.77

8. 39
4.88

. 07
. 25
31.29
. 00
.24
. 15
7.02
2.78

.44
.09
.06

.70

1.32

1.42

1.69

.28

.53

.45
.04
.61

.55
.05
.62

.62
.04
.82

1.22

1. 12

.81

1.31

1.13

.73

.35
.06
.29

.77
.18
.58

.67
. 16
.51

.36
.06
. 31

.97
.27
.70

.22

.77

.28
.07

.55

.21

. 06

.07

.08

.01

.07

.01

.08

.02

. 02
. 01

.03

.03

.03

.04

.02
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

.01

.00

.12

.14

.01

.02

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01

136

.02

.10

.04

.01
.01
.02

.01

.01
.01
-01

.00

.38

.02

.10

.05

.01

.01
.01
.00

.08

.00

.22

.00
.12

.27

.20

.01
.02

. 13

.21

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Apparel
and textile
products

Apparel
and
accessories

Misc
fabricated
textiles

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.04

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.01
.01

.02
.02

.08
.08

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.10

.08
.04
.03

.03

.11

.04

.03

.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.01

.06
.03

.01
.00

Protective service workers
Guards
Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.01

.01
.01
.02

.07
.03

.01

.09
.05
.03

.01

.01
.01
.02

.26
.26

.29
. 29

.31
.31

.25
.25

.29
.29

.30
.30

.28
.28

.30
.30

.34
. 34

1.86
.01
.01

1. 88

1.27

1.67

1.68
.01

3.27

3.03

2. 12
.00
.01

.70

.73
. 01

.01

1.12
.02
.02
.56
.01

. 84

.34

1.09

.08
.08

.05

.14
.59

.99
.09
.15
.49

.01

.01

.89
.03
.08
.15

.02
.02
.66
.01

. 01

.01

.86

-35

.01
.12
.10

. 03
.09
. 14

137

.01
.01
.61
.01
.86
.02

.07
.09

. 01
.64

.02

.01
.11

.00

.03

.00
.01
1.33
.00
.11

.00
-01
1.30
.00

.00

1.18

.00

.38
.03

.20

.33

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,
Paper
and allied
products
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Pulp,paper,
paperboard
mills

1990

100,00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Paperboard
containers,
boxes

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

6.23

6. 66

6.52

8.40

9.00

9.78

3.88

4.20

3.86

1.30
.18
.06
.12
.36
.28
.03
.27

1. 20
. 18
. 05
. 12
. 35
.27
.02
. 23

1.18
.21
.06
.13
.25
.31
.01
.20

1.72
.30
.11
.18
.38
.38
.02
.34

1.60
.30
.09
. 18
.35
. 37
.02
. 30

1.68
.32
.13
.21
.22
.43
.02
.36

.80
.08
.02
.04
.28
.16
.03
.18

.73
.09
.02
.04
.27
.14
.02
.15

.66
.13
.02
.05
.22
. 12
.02
.11

Life and physical scientists
Biological
Chemists

.30
.01
.29

. 29
.01
.28

.25
.02
.24

.46
.02
.45

.47
.03
.44

.48
.05
.43

.05
.00
.05

.05
.00
.05

.04
. 00
.04

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.03
.03

. 02
. 02

.02
.02

.04
.04

.03
.03

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
. 00

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science teca

1.66
.14
.18
.03
.06
.02
.01
1.20

1. 72
. 12
. 16
.03
. 08
. 02
. 01
1. 29

1.89
.07
.20
.02
.09
.02
.01
1.48

2.94
.25
-22
.04
.06
.03
.03
2.30

3. 17
. 22
. 19
.04
.09
.03
.03
2.56

3.99
. 11
.23
.04
.14
.02
.04
3.41

.43
.04
.14
.02
.04
.01
.00
.18

.41
.04
.12
.02
.05
.01
.00
.18

.39
.03
.13
.01
.04
.01
.00
. 17

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.07
.01
.07

.07
.01
.05

.09
.06
.03

. 11
.01
. 10

. 12
.02
. 10

.17
.08
.09

.03
.00
.03

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

Health technologists,technicians

.01

.01

.00

.01

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except healta

.05
.03
.03

. 07
. 03
. 04

.09
.04
.04

.09
.04
.05

. 12
.06
.06

. 16
.08
.08

.03
.02
.01

.04
.02
.01

.07
.04
.03

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.24
.15
.08
.01

.31
. 17
. 12
. 02

.31
.17
.12
.01

.32
.20
.11
.01

.41
.23
. 16
.02

.44
.27
.16
.01

. 11
.08
.03
.00

.14
.09
.05
.00

. 15
.08
.07
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.12
.12

. 17
. 17

.13
.13

.12
.12

. 17
. 17

. 13
.13

.08
.08

.12
. 12

.09
.09

Teachers
Adult educaticn

.02
.02

.02
. 02

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.53
.24
.02
.17
.02
.06
.02

.65
. 30
.03
.21
. 03
. 07
. 02

.64
.34
.04
.14
.05
.06
.02

.29
.08
.03
.06
.01
.08
.02

.36
.11
. 04
.08
.01
. 10
.02

.38
.13
.08
.05
.01
.09
.03

.74
.47
.00
.19
.02
.03
.02

.87
.55
.00
.24
.02
.04
.03

.79
. 53
.00
. 18
.03
.03
.02

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors

1.91
.96
.00
.21
.04
.22
.38
.10
.00

2. 13
1.09
. 00
. 19
.08
.29
.39
. 08
. 00

1.91
1.09
.00
.16
.09
.24
.30
.04
.00

2.29
1.01
.00
.48
.06
.17
.38
.18
.00

2.53
1. 16
.00
. 47
. 12
.23
.40
.15
.00

2.32
1.20
.00
.42
.13
.18
.29
.11
.00

1.59
.88
.01
.03
.02
.26
.36
.04
.01

1.81
.99
.01
.03
,04
.34
.37
.03
.01

1.66
.99
.00
.07
.04
.27
.27
.01
.01

5.76

6. 82

8.10

4.63

5.44

6.48

6.26

7.38

8.79

1.35
.13
.06
.44
.73

1.26
. 11
. 03
.39
.73

1.21
.06
.03
.42
.69

1.14
. 12
.04
.48
.50

1.05
. 10
.03
.42
.50

1.04
.05
.03
.44
.52

1.39
.14
.06
.3 3
.86

1.28
.13
.03
.30
.83

1. 16
.07
.01
.34
.73

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors
Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade




138

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation* 1970* 1978 and projected 1990
Pulp,paper,
paperboard
mills

Paper
and allied
products

Paperboard
containers.
boxes

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials*proprts
Office managers* other
Other managers* administrators

4.41
.25
4.15

5.56
. 25
5.29

6.90
.27
6.62

3.49
.17
3.31

4.39
. 17
4.21

5.44
. 17
5.26

4.87
.33
4.53

6.10
.32
5.76

7.64
.33
7.30

Sales workers
Advertising agents*sales worker
Other sales workers

2.59
.01
2.58

2.76
. 02
2.74

3.76
.04
3.72

1.45
.02
1.43

1.53
.03
1.50

2.04
.05
2.00

3.37
.01
3.36

3.49
.01
3.48

4.58
.01
4. 57

12.21

11.79

12.25

1 1.30

11.08

11.66

11.69

10.96

10.85

3.49
.02
2.60
.09
.79

3.47
.01
2.71
.05
.70

4.35
.02
3.56
.02
.76

3.36
.02
2.61
. 12
.62

3.32
. 01
2.71
.07
.52

4.12
.01
3.57
.04
.50

3.13
.02
2.35
.05
.71

3.08
.02
2.42
.03
.61

3.89
.01
3.21
.02
.65

.84
.06
.03
.19
.03
.38
.03
.11

. 84
. 03
. 02
.39
. 03
.26
.01
. 10

.48
.01
.01
.29
.02
.10
.00
.05

.87
.04
.02
.26
.03
.42
.01
.09

.97
.01
.01
.54
.02
.30
.01
.08

.62
.00
.01
.42
.02
.13
.00
.03

.53
.06
.04
.09
.04
.26
.02
.03

.46
.03
.02
.18
.03
.17
.01
.03

.25
.01
.00
. 14
.02
.05
.00
.02

7.88
.33
1. 16
.04
.15
.27
.03
.29
.59
.20
.13
.03
.45
.27
1.56
.29
.87
.19
.18
.86

7. 49
.35
1. 17
.04
. 16
.26
.03
.29
.61
.18
. 12
. 03
.48
. 22
1. 46
.29
.70
. 12
. 16
.84

7.43
.43
1.21
.06
.14
.24
.04
.16
.73
.22
.09
.03
.47
.11
1.74
.22
.49
.08
.09
.90

7.07
.21
.91
.05
.16
.20
.02
.17
.54
.15
.14
.03
.39
.15
1.24
.38
.91
.18
.37
.87

6.79
.21
-92
.06
. 17
.20
.02
. 17
.57
. 14
. 13
.03
.41
.12
1. 17
.39
.78
. 12
.33
.85

6.92
.26
.83
.09
.15
.20
-04
.16
.68
. 17
.10
.03
.35
.07
1.49
.32
.73
.11
.22
.92

8.03
.44
1.36
.03
.16
.29
.06
.46
.60
.17
.09
.02
.55
.34
1.57
.15
.68
.21
.05
.81

7.43
.44
1.34
.03
.17
.27
.06
.46
.55
.14
.07
.02
.58
.26
1.37
.15
.55
.13
.04
.78

6.71
.53
1.32
.04
.13
.22
.06
.20
.43
. 17
.04
.03
.56
.11
1.37
. 12
.42
. 09
.03
.84

18.17

19. 31

22.03

19.98

20.91

24.78

16.51

17.95

20.67

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick*stonemasons* apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating*grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers* pipefitters* aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

2.32
.29
.04
.19
.99
-05
.12
.63
.01

2. 17
. 28
. 03
. 15
. 99
.03
. 09
.58
. 01

2.28
.24
.02
.13
1.12
.01
.04
.72
.00

4.22
.49
.08
.35
1.72
.09
. 19
1.27
.02

4. 13
.49
.07
.30
1.81
.06
. 15
1.23
.01

4.81
.47
.06
.28
2.21
.02
.08
1.68
.00

.89
.17
.00
.05
.45
.01
.07
.13
.00

.92
. 18
.00
.05
.48
.01
.05
.14
.00

1.19
.21
.00
.08
.63
.00
.02
.25
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.92

5.36

6.26

4.98

5.40

6. 16

4.93

5.39

6.45

Metalworkg craft wrkrs*exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers* apprentices
Tool and diemakers* apprentices

2.69
.01
.05
.01
.09
1.22
1.00
.02
.00
.07
.23

2.87
. 01
.04
.01
. 07
1.43
1. 02
.02
.00
.07
.21

3.91
.00
.05
.03
.05
2.23
1.11
.02
.00
.09
.34

3.6 2
.02
.10
.02
.02
1.26
1.99
.02
.01
.13
.06

3.97
.01
. 10
.02
.02
1.54
2.08
.01
.01
. 12
.07

5.70
.00
. 15
.04
.03
2.77
2.43
.01
.01
.13
. 12

1.97
.00
.00
.00
.15
1.13
.17
.01
.00
.01
.50

2.07
.00
.00
.00
.11
1.30
.19
.01
.00
.01
.45

3.03
.00
.00
.00
.06
2.08
.24
.01
.00
.01
.63

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers*starters* vehicle
Estimators* investigators,other
Expediters*production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers*exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers


343-899 0 - 8 1 - 1 0


139

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Paper
and allied
products

Pulp,paper,
paperboard
mills

Paperboard
containers,
boxes

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Mechanics,repairers,instalters
Air cond, heating, refrig mecii
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

9,43
.02
.00
.13
.02
.01
3.83
.02
.01
.02
.01
.35

5. 04
.04
.00
.09
.03
. 01
4.52
. 02
.01
.02
.01
.30

5.84
.05
.00
.04
.04
.01
5.48
.01
.02
.04
.00
.15

4.05
.03
.01
.17
.00
.01
3. 10
.04
.00
.03
.01
.65

4.50
.04
.01
. 12
.00
.01
3.64
.04
.00
.03
.01
.59

5.17
.06
.01
.06
.00
.01
4.58
.03
.00
.07
.01
.36

4.14
.01
.00
.15
.00
.01
3.85
.01
.00
.00
.00
.12

4.61
.02
.00
.11
.00
.01
4.38
.01
.00
.00
.00
.09

5. 11
.03
.00
.05
.00
.01
4.96
.01
.00
.00
. 00
.04

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

2.59
.05
.87
.05
.05
1.56

2. 85
.05
. 87
. 05
. 06
1.83

2.87
.08
.57
.03
.10
2.08

.81
.02
.36
.03
.02
.39

.87
.02
.34
.03
.02
. 45

.92
.06
.24
.03
.04
.54

4.14
.01
1.06
.02
.09
2.95

4.61
.01
.99
.02
.10
3.49

4.63
.00
.57
.01
. 15
3.91

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instater,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone instatters,repairers

. 11
.00
.01
.08
.02

. 11
. 00
.01
. 08
.02

.11
.00
.02
.08
.01

.21
.01
.02
.17
.02

.23
.01
.03
.18
.02

.29
.01
.06
.22
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01

1.12
.01
.40
.07
.03
.01
.52
.08

. 90
.01
.32
. 06
.03
. 01
.42
. 06

.76
.01
.35
.03
.03
.00
.32
.02

2.10
.02
.82
.18
.03
.01
.95
.09

1.80
.02
.69
.15
.03
.01
.82
.07

1.74
.04
.80
.08
.03
.00
.76
.02

.43
.00
.10
.00
.03
.02
.22
.06

.34
.00
.07
.00
.04
.01
.17
.04

.24
.00
.05
.00
.07
.00
. 11
.01

47.15

46. 00

42.73

44.96

44.09

39.59

50.84

49.56

46.48

42.28

4 0. 91

36.23

39.89

38.65

32.71

44.70

43.00

37.71

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters

.96
.05
.02
.07
.11
.01
.03
.22
.44

. 81
.03
.02
.05
. 07
.01
. 02
. 15
. 46

.71
.01
.03
.02
.03
.00
.01
.06
.56

1.26
.06
.05
.10
.12
.01
.02
.10
.80

1.17
.04
.05
.07
.07
.01
.01
.07
. 84

1.28
.02
.08
.03
.04
.01
.00
.02
1.09

.67
.04
.00
.03
.11
.01
.03
.28
.16

.51
.02
.00
.02
.07
.01
.02
.20
.18

.42
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.02
.07
.29

Semiskilled textile operatives
Spinners, twisters, winders

.03
.03

. 03
.03

.04
.04

.07
.07

.08
.08

. 12
.12

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
. 00

8.05
2.43
.40
5.22

8. 14
2.57
. 36
5.21

10.08
3.40
.26
6.42

5.57
1.99
.65
2.94

5.54
2.06
.56
2.92

5.46
2.67
.33
2.46

8.84
2.43
.15
6.26

8.74
2.61
.15
5.99

11.33
3.71
. 16
7.47

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




140

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Paper
and allied
products

Paperboard
containers.
boxes

Pulp,paper,
paperboard
mills

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

33.24
.02
1.23
.03
.01
3.88
.01
.11
.05
.01
.39
.38
.29
.04
.14
.31
.44
.01
.65
1.15
18.95
5.16

31.93
. 03
1. 46
.03
. 01
3.65
.01
.11
.04
.01
. 36
.38
.21
. 04
. 12
- 32
.37
. 00
.44
. 93
18. 45
4. 97

25.41
.03
2.30
.05
.00
2.92
.00
.13
.01
.01
.24
.43
.13
.05
.10
.41
.34
.00
.49
.42
14.46
2.90

32.99
.04
.45
.02
.01
3.42
.02
.15
.06
.00
.43
.67
.40
.03
.04
.34
. 15
.01
1.20
1-82
19.08
4.66

31. 87
.07
.57
.02
.01
3.25
.01
. 16
.05
. 00
.40
. 68
.30
.03
.04
.35
. 12
.01
.88
1.48
18.79
4.65

25.86
.10
1.08
.04
.00
2.73
.01
.21
.03
.00
.30
.82
.20
.03
.03
.43
.10
.00
1. 16
.66
14.93
3.03

35.19
.01
1.99
.05
.02
4.23
.00
.07
.03
.01
-12
.13
.19
.04
.27
.46
.37
.00
.28
.35
20.36
6.22

33.74
.01
2.07
.05
.01
3.89
.00
.06
.02
.01
.10
.13
.14
.04
.25
.50
.30
.00
.20
.30
19.83
5.84

25.95
.00
2.33
.06
.00
2.93
.00
.02
.00
.01
.05
. 16
.09
.06
.20
.72
.27
.00
. 27
.18
15.55
3.05

4.87
.00
.30
2.57
.01
.01
.01
.07
1.89

5. 10
.00
. 29
2. 81
. 01
. 01
.01
.07
1. 90

6.49
.00
.46
2.83
.01
.02
.01
.04
3.11

5.07
.01
.16
2.69
.02
.02
.03
.05
2.07

5.44
.01
. 16
2.99
.02
. 03
.03
.05
2. 14

6.87
.00
.26
2.97
.04
.06
.04
.02
3.49

6.14
.00
.52
3.02
.00
.00
.00
.12
2.47

6.56
.00
.49
3.34
.00
.00
.00
.11
2.61

8.77
.00
.72
3.36
.00
.00
.00
.07
4.62

2.19

1.77

.99

2.75

2. 26

1.31

1.73

1.46

1.02

1.54
.20
1.35

1- 20
. 16
1 04
.

.53
.07
.46

1.84
.22
1.62

1.48
. 18
1.30

.71
.08
.63

1.30
.19
1.11

1.03
.16
.87

.50
.08
.43

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.11
.06
.01
.02
.01
.02

. 09
. 04
.01
. 02
.01
.02

.10
.03
.01
.03
.02
.01

.15
.09
.00
.01
.02
.03

.11
.06
.00
.01
.01
.02

.07
.03
.00
.02
.01
.01

.09
.03
.01
.02
.01
.02

.09
.03
.01
.03
.01
.01

. 15
.04
.01
.06
.04
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.01

. 01
.01

.03
.03

.01
.01

.02
.02

.07
.07

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.05
.01
.02
.01

.03
.01
. 02
.01

.02
•00
.01
.01

.07
.03
.03
.01

.05
. 02
.02
. 01

.02
.01
.01
.01

.02
.00
.02
.01

.02
.00
.02
.01

.02
.00
.01
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.48
.02
.46
.01

. 43
.02
.41
. 00

.32
.01
.31
.00

.68
.03
.63
.01

.61
.03
.58
.01

.45
.02
.43
.00

.32
.01
.31
.00

.32
.01
.31
.00

.35
.01
.34
.00

5.70
.05
.21
3.22
.08
.06
.53
.03
.27
.22
1.05

4. 89
. 04
. 16
2. 86
.07
. 04
.46
.03
.20
.21
.81

3.62
.04
.08
2.36
.06
.02
.17
.03
.06
.25
.55

6.52
.09
.33
3.24
.11
.13
.35
.02
.41
.16
1.68

5.69
.07
.27
2.99
. 11
.11
.30
.02
.33
.13
1.37

4.37
.07
. 16
2.67
.09
.05
.10
.02
.11
.09
1.01

5.73
.00
.16
3.87
.03
.00
.51
.03
.19
.24
.69

5.00
.00
.12
3.43
.03
.00
.45
.02
.16
.23
.56

3.76
.00
.06
2.74
.03
.00
.18
.03
.07
.26
.41

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ircners and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters and fasteners
Saw yers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Minding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
fiailroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




141

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Wise
paper and
pulp
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Printing
and
publishing
1990

100-00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Newspaper
publishing.
printing
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

5.68

6.20

6.05

12.87

14. 77

16.44

17.48

19.82

21.00

1.26
. 12
.02
. 11
.42
.28
.03
.27

1. 19
. 13
. 02
. 12
.41
.28
.02
-21

1.21
.18
.03
.15
.31
.39
.00
.15

.20
.01
.00
.03
.08
.04
.01
.03

.19
.01
.00
.03
. 08
.04
. 00
.02

. 18
.02
.01
.04
.05
.07
.00
.01

.06
.00
.00
.03
.01
.02
.00
.01

.06
.00
.00
.03
.01
.02
.00
.00

. 08
.00
. 00
.04
. 00
.04
.00
.00

Life and physical scientists
Chemists

.34
.34

.32
.32

.25
.25

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
. 00

Mathematical specialists
Actuaries
Statisticians

.03
.01
.02

. 03
.01
. 02

.04
.01
.03

.04
.00
.03

.03
.00
.03

.02
.00
.02

.03
.00
.03

.02
.00
.02

.01
. 00
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

1.16
.09
.17
.05
.09
.03
.73

1. 24
. 09
. 16
.04
.11
. 03
.82

1.39
.08
.24
.01
.09
.02
.95

.25
.00
. 14
.04
.02
.00
.06

.23
.00
. 12
.03
.02
.00
.06

.25
.01
. 17
.01
.01
.00
.05

.07
.01
.01
.04
.00
.00
.01

.07
.01
.01
.04
.00
.00
.02

.07
.02
.01
. 02
.00
.00
.02

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.07
.01
.06

. 06
. 02
. 04

.10
.09
.01

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

Health technologists,technicians
Therapy assistants

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
. 00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except nealth

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.04
.01
.03

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

Computer specialists
Computer prcgiamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.26
.14
.09
.03

.34
.17
. 13
. 05

.34
.17
.15
.03

.27
.19
.07
.01

.38
.25
. 12
.01

.52
.34
. 18
.00

.13
.11
.03
.00

.15
.12
.03
.00

. 14
. 12
.02
..00

Social scientists
Economists

.15
.15

.22
. 22

.18
.18

.09
.08

. 13
. 12

. 10
. 10

.04
.04

.07
.06

. 08
.08

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
-01

.01
.01

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Radio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain

.66
.00
.22
.03
.00
.30
.05
.06
.00
.00

.79
. 00
.29
. 03
.00
.35
.05
.07
.00
.00

.75
.00
.35
.04
.00
.19
.10
.07
.00
.00

10.72
.17
.28
7.41
.03
1.32
1.12
.23
.00
.16

12.42
.22
.35
8.58
.02
1.65
1.12
.30
.01
. 18

14. 13
.28
.42
10.24
.01
1.23
1.54
.30
.01
. 11

16.47
.05
.11
14.05
.01
.80
1.18
.22
.01
.05

18.75
.05
.15
16.07
.01
.97
1.16
.28
.01
.06

20.01
.02
.23
17.32
.00
.64
1.46
.27
.03
.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Religious workers,except clergy
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors

1.73
.97
.00
.02
.03
.00
.22
.39
.07
.01

1 97
.
1. 10
.00
.02
. 08
.00
.30
.41
.05
.00

1.77
1.09
.00
.00
.09
.00
.25
.33
.01
.00

1.24
.65
.01
.00
.04
.05
.12
.22
.12
.03

1.33
.73
.01
.00
.06
.03
. 15
.24
.07
.03

1.19
.76
.02
.00
.04
.01
.12
.20
.02
.01

.64
.34
.00
.00
.02
.06
.02
.13
.05
.01

.64
.35
.00
.00
.02
.04
.03
.15
.03
.01

.57
.36
.00
.00
.00
.01
.03
. 15
.01
.01

6.91

7.95

8.98

8.67

9.75

9.89

7.48

7.94

7.57

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

Managers,officials,proprietors




142

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Newspaper
publishing,
printing

Printing
and
publishing

Misc
paper and
pulp
1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.63
. 12
.08
.51
.92

1.50
. 10
. 05
. 45
. 90

1.42
.06
.05
.49
.83

1.81
.11
.06
.22
1.42

1.71
. 09
.03
. 17
1.42

1.54
.04
.03
.11
1.36

2.56
.06
.07
.06
2.38

2.57
.05
.03
.05
2.44

2.45
.04
.01
.03
2.37

Other managers,officiaIs,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

5.27
.00
.31
4.97

6.45
.00
.29
6. 15

7.55
.00
.30
7.25

6-87
.01
.44
6.41

8.04
.01
.43
7.60

8.35
.01
.44
7.89

4.92
.01
.33
4.58

5.37
.01
.33
5.03

5. 12
.01
.36
4.75

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

3.43
.01
.00
3.42

3.55
. 02
.00
3.53

4.57
.05
.00
4.51

10.01
1.56
4.86
3.59

9.74
2. 16
4. 02
3.56

11.76
2.81
4.90
4.05

18.23
3.20
13.33
1.71

17.05
4.37
10.89
1.79

20.02
5.36
12.33
2.33

14.22

13. 47

14.22

22.63

21.26

20.74

24.51

23.83

22.72

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

4.13
.02
2.89
.08
1.14

4. 04
.02
2-99
. 03
1.00

5.03
.03
3.88
.00
1.11

6.66
.01
3.69
.13
2.83

6.21
.01
3.72
.07
2.41

7. 19
.01
4.71
.02
2.45

5.07
.01
2.32
.17
2.58

4.67
.01
2.33
.09
2.24

5.18
.02
2.83
. 03
2. 30

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.15
.10
.04
.20
.04
.47
.07
.25

1.05
. 04
.02
.41
.03
.32
.02
.21

.57
.01
.00
.32
.02
.11
.00
.10

1.44
.12
.04
.26
.09
.52
.03
.38

1.33
.04
. 02
.54
.06
.34
.01
.32

.71
.01
.01
.41
.02
.11
.01
. 15

.89
.06
.03
.19
.02
.22
.01
.38

.93
.02
.01
.39
.01
.15
.00
.34

.58
.01
.01
.30
. 02
.05
.01
. 19

8.94
.40
1.32
.03
.14
.01
.35
.01
.00
.26
.64
.31
.00
.18
.03
.42
.00
.36
2.03
.30
1.02
.17
.06
.90

8.39
. 41
1.31
. 04
. 15
.01
.33
. 01
. 00
. 26
. 73
.27
. 00
. 16
.03
. 46
.00
. 29
1.90
.30
.73
. 10
.05
. 88

8.62
.49
1.46
.05
.13
.00
.30
.01
.00
.13
1.08
.32
.00
.13
.02
.48
.00
.14
2.33
.24
.32
.06
.03
.92

14.54
.27
2.38
.12
.19
.09
.93
.03
.08
.44
.45
.64
.07
1.34
.44
.24
2.33
.44
.96
.42
.36
.32
.02
2.00

13.73
.27
2. 22
. 13
. 19
.07
.92
.03
.06
.42
.38
. 48
.05
1. 18
.39
.27
2.57
. 34
. 86
.43
.30
.21
.02
1.94

12.84
.30
2.29
. 15
. 14
.04
.94
.04
.05
.17
.22
.40
.01
.85
.25
.29
3.28
. 16
.94
.32
.25
.20
.02
1.56

18.54
.16
2.21
.18
.12
.19
1.80
.07
.00
.20
.26
.37
.09
2.08
.63
.15
6.47
.44
.10
.23
.07
.54
.01
2.17

18.23
.16
2.06
.19
.13
.16
1.79
.07
.00
.21
.25
.19
.08
1.87
.59
.17
7.05
.36
.10
.24
.05
.36
.01
2.15

16.96
.19
1.77
.22
. 09
.09
1. 85
.09
.00
. 12
.20
.03
. 02
1.39
.42
.17
8.29
. 19
.12
.22
.03
.34
.03
1. 12

17.37

18.69

20.77

30.49

30.27

29. 15

22.92

22.51

20.45

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1.10
.14
.01
.10
.50
.02
.08
.24
.00

1. 01
. 12
.01
.08
.51
.01
.06
.22
.00

.97
.05
.00
.04
.57
.00
.03
.28
.00

.38
.07
.01
.01
.17
.00
.08
.04
.01

.38
.07
.01
.01
.18
.00
.07
.03
.01

.46
.08
.01
.01
.24
.00
.07
.04
.01

.32
.05
.01
.00
.17
.00
.05
.03
.01

.33
.06
.02
.00
.18
.00
.04
.03
.01

.43
.07
.02
.00
.25
.00
.02
.04
.03

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.84

5.29

6.17

2.65

2.97

3.74

1.92

2.15

2.68

Clerical workers

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Proofreaders
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




143

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Mi sc
paper and
pulp

Newspaper
publishing,
printing

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2. 1 1
.02
.01
. 11
1.27
.48
.03
.05
. 14

2.32
.02
.02
. 08
1 43
.
. 54
. 03
. 06
. 14

3.09
.01
.04
.05
1.85
.72
.04
.12
.26

.34
.00
.03
.01
.22
.01
.02
.02
.03

.37
.00
.04
.01
.24
.02
-02
. 02
.03

.57
.00
.06
.01
. 38
.02
.03
.03
.05

.23
.00
.00
.00
.22
.01
.00
.00
.00

.27
.00
.00
.00
.26
.01
.00
.00
.00

.45
.00
.00
.00
.44
.01
.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Office machine repairers
fiadio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

5.35
.03
.05
.08
.01
4.93
.05
.03
.17

6. 11
. 04
.03
. 10
. 01
5.72
. 03
.03
. 14

7.20
.06
-01
.12
.01
6.85
.06
.05
.04

1.03
.01
.06
.01
.00
.89
.02
.01
.03

1. 16
.02
.05
.01
.00
1.03
.02
.01
.03

1.42
.03
.03
.02
.00
1.28
.03
.01
.02

.98
.01
.13
.01
.00
.80
.01
.00
.02

1. 15
.02
. 10
.01
.00
.98
.01
.00
.02

1. 61
.02
. 06
.03
.00
1.44
.02
.00
. 03

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,apcentices

3.48
.14
1.44
.00
.12
.06
1.72

3. 55
. 12
1.40
. 00
. 10
. 07
1.87

2.98
.18
.90
.00
.05
.11
1.75

25.36
2.51
11.05
.55
. 19
2.37
8.69

24.85
1.93
10.56
. 14
. 17
2. 54
9.50

22.64
2.20
7.55
.06
. 13
3-56
9. 15

18.84
.06
12.63
1.10
.04
.84
4.18

18.12
.04
12.22
.29
.04
.95
4.59

14.98
.02
8.76
. 11
.03
1.60
4. 46

Transport,public util craft wxrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.05
.00
.02
.03
.00

. 05
. 00
. 02
.02
.00

.03
.00
.01
.02
.00

.05
.01
.00
.03
.00

.04
.01
.00
.03
.00

.04
.01
.00
.03
.00

.09
.01
.00
.07

.01

.09
.01
.00
.07
.01

.07
.01
. 00
.06
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

.44
.00
.12
.02
.00
.22
.08

.37
. 00
. 11
. 02
. 00
. 17
. 06

.35
.00
.21
.01
.00
.11
.02

.69
.01
.03
.01
.02
.06
.55

.50
.01
.03
.01
.02
.05
.38

.29
.01
.04
.01
.02
.02
.18

.53
.00
.01
.01
.01
.06
.45

.40
.00
.01
.00
.00
.05
.34

. 24
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.20

46.12

44. 86

42.00

12.21

11.55

10.25

6.48

6.37

6.43

43. 07

10.54

9.99

8.39

4.16

4.26

4. 13

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce




O
'
O

1970

•
C

Printing
and
publishing

36.13

.84
.06
.00
.07
. 11
.02
.03
.32
.24

. 65
. 04
. 00
. 04
. 06
. 02
.02
.22
.25

.47
.02
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.09
.33

.24
.02
.02
.01
.02
.03
.01
.12
.02

. 18
.01
.02
.01
.01
.02
.01
.08
.03

. 11
.00
.03
.00
.01
-01
.00
.02
.04

.13
.00
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00
.07
.01

. 11
.00
.05
.00
.00
.01
.00
.04
.01

. 11
.00
.08
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.01
.01

10.93
3.13
.32
7.49

10.70
3. 15
. 30
7. 24

13.23
3.80
.28
9.15

2.01
.77
.12
1.12

1.96
.77
. 12
1.07

2.37
.91
. 16
1.30

.34
.07
.08
.19

.34
.07
.09
.18

.41
.08
. 12
.21

144

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
disc
paper and
pulp

Newspaper
publishing.
printing

Printing
and
publishing

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

31.29
1.54
.03
4.17
.09
.05
.01
.01
.64
.24
.22
.05
.12
.10
.95
.24
1.07
17.09
4.65

30.25
1.94
. 03
3.91
. 10
.04
.01
. 01
.57
.25
. 17
.05
. 11
. 09
. 74
. 14
. 88
16.69
4.51

24.43
3.44
.04
3.10
.16
.00
.01
.01
.37
.31
.11
.07
.06
.06
.63
.08
.42
12.94
2.63

8.29
.39
.00
.88
.00
.01
.0 1
.00
.06
.02
.07
.73
.04
.01
.21
.02
.04
3.08
2.71

7.85
. 44
.00
.78
.01
.01
. 00
.00
.05
.02
.06
.81
.03
.01
.16
.02
.03
2.91
2.53

5.92
.63
.00
.50
.01
.01
.00
.01
.04
.01
.05
1.12
.02
.01
.11
.03
.01
2.04
1.35

3.69
.10
.00
.08
.00
.00
.01
.00
.0 1
.01
.02
.48
.01
.00
.01
.01
.02
1.53
1.42

3.82
.12
.00
.08
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.01
.02
.58
.01
.00
.01
.00
.01
1.54
1.43

3.61
.18
.00
.06
.00
.00
.01
. 00
.03
.00
.03
.93
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.00
1.38
.98

3.05
.25
1.83
.00
.04
.93

3. 26
.25
2.07
. 00
. 04
.91

3.87
.40
2.17
.00
.03
1.27

1.66
.80
.21
.00
.04
.61

1.56
.71
.23
.01
.03
.59

1.85
.83
.20
.01
.01
.80

2.32
1.36
.05
.01
.04
.86

2-10
1.22
.06
.01
.03
.79

2.30
1.41
.05
.03
.01
-81

1.87

1. 47

.65

1.34

1.08

.62

1.38

1.11

.64

1.38
.18
1.21

1 04
.
. 15
.89

.40
.07
.33

1.01
.19
.81

.79
. 16
.63

.35
.07
.28

1.04
.19
.86

.81
.14
.67

.35
.05
. 30

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food seiv wkrs,exc privt

.08
.03
.01
.02
.00
.02

. 07
.03
. 01
.02
. 00
.01

.07
.03
.01
.02
.00
.01

.09
.03
.00
.02
.01
.02

.08
.02
.00
. 02
.01
. 02

.08
.03
.00
.03
-01
.01

.10
.03
.01
.02
.01
.03

.09
.02
.01
.02
.01
.02

. 11
.03
.01
.05
.01
.02

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators

.03
.00
.03

.02
. 00
. 02

.01
.00
.01

.05
.02
.04

.04
.01
.02

.02
.01
.01

.06
.02
.03

.04
.02
.02

.02
.01
.01

Protective service workers
Guards

.38 *
.38

. 32
.32

.17
.17

.19
.18

.18
. 18

.17
. 17

.18
.17

.17
.17

. 15
. 15

3. 83
.03
. 06
2. 15
. 01
. 08
. 01
.68
. 04
. 10
- 29
.39

2.77
.04
.02
1.70
.01
.05
.01
.22
.03
.02
.40
.26

1.78
.00
.01
.98
.00
.02
.00
.37
.00
.12
.10
.19

1.57
. 00
.01
. 88
.00
.02
. 00
.32
.00
. 10
. 10
. 15

1.16
.00
.01
.72
.00
.02
.00
.15
.00
.04
.13
. 10

1.53
.00
.00
1.07
.00
.01
.00
.05
.00
.09
.02
.29

1.38
.00
.00
1.00
.00
.01
.00
.04
.00
.07
.02
.23

1. 19
. 00
.00
.94
.00
.01
.00
. 01
.00
.03
.03
. 17

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrier,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
fiiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




4.40
.03
.08
2.4 1
.01
.08
.01
.83
.04
.14
.29
.49

145

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Other
printg, exc
newspapers
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Chemical
and allied
products

1990

100.00 100. 00 1C0.00

1970

1978

Industrial
chemicals

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

10.28

11. 88

13.46

18.47

19. 32

19.06

23.45

23.85

24.65

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

.27
.01
.01
.03
.12
.05
.00
.00
.00
.01
.05

. 26
.01
.01
. 03
. 11
. 05
. 00
. 00
. 00
.01
. 04

.25
.02
.01
.04
.08
.08
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02

3.99
2.25
.13
.29
.49
.55
.02
.00
.00
.08
.19

3.69
2. 16
.09
.25
-47
.48
.02
.00
.00
.06
. 15

4. 01
2.44
.09
.29
.46
.50
.02
.00
.00
.06
. 16

6.54
4.03
.22
.58
.53
.79
.05
.01
.01
.10
.21

6.09
3.88
.16
.51
.51
.71
.05
.01
.01
.08
.17

6.57
4.20
. 18
.55
.52
.76
.05
.01
.01
.09
.19

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

.04
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00

. 03
.00
. 00
. 01
. 03
. 00
. 00

.03
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00

3.64
.03
.00
.31
3.16
.11
.02

3.85
. 04
.00
.57
3.11
. 10
.02

3.58
.02
.00
.53
2.92
.09
.01

4.30
.02
.01
.15
3.81
.28
.04

4.23
.03
.01
.21
3.69
.26
.03

4. 22
. 04
.01
. 15
3.78
.22
.02

Mathematical specialists
Actuaries
Mathematicians
Statisticians

.04
.00
.00
.04

.03
. 00
.00
. 03

.02
.00
.00
.02

.07
.00
.02
.05

.07
.00
. 02
.05

.06
.00
.01
.05

.08
.01
.03
.05

.08
.01
.03
.05

.09
.01
.02
.06

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,tiolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science teen

.35
.00
.00
.21
.04
.02
.00
.00
.09

.32
. 00
.00
. 19
. 03
. 02
.00
.00
. 08

.36
.00
.00
.27
.01
.01
.00
.00
.07

6.28
.60
3.89
.38
.10
.15
.02
.01
1.15

6. 44
.70
3.97
.31
.11
. 19
.02
.00
1.13

7.08
.65
4.33
.38
.13
.23
.03
.00
1.31

7.69
.03
5.30
.63
.17
.12
.03
.01
1.40

7.97
.04
5.65
.52
.19
.17
.03
.01
1.36

9. 44
.06
6.38
.59
.22
.24
.04
.01
1.90

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Veterinarians
Other medical and health tech

.03
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

. 02
. 00
. 00
. 02
. 00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.0 0

.25
.08
.04
. 10
.02
.00

. 30
.11
. 05
.09
.02
. 03

.31
.15
.07
.07
.02
.01

.14
.00
.03
.00
.00

.13
.00
.03
.10
.00
.00

.14
.00
.06
.08
.00
.00

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.01
.00
.00

.01
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00

.09
.04
.04

. 12
. 05
.07

.08
.05
.04

.08
.02
.06

. 12
.03
.10

. 11
.05
. 07

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.02
.00
.01

.02
.00
. 02

.02
.00
.02

.07
.02
.04

. 09
.03
.05

. 10
.03
.07

. 10
.04
.05

.13
.06
.07

. 16
.07
.09

Computer specialists
Computer progiamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.35
.24
.09
.02

.51
. 32
. 17
. 02

.77
.48
.28
.01

.51
.31
.17
.03

.67
.36
.25
.06

.60
.33
.22
.05

.63
.41
.18
.04

.78
.46
.26
.07

.64
. 39
.20
.05

Social scientists
Economists

.11
.10

. 16
.15

.12
.12

.27
.27

.41
.41

.38
.38

.30
.30

.46
.46

.39
.39

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

. 01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.03
.03

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

7.50
.24
.38
3.70
.03
1.61
1.08
.24
.21

8.78
. 32
.47
4. 28
. 02
2. 04
1. 10
.31
.24

1C.28
.45
.54
5.60
.02
1.61
1.59
.32
.15

.47
.02
.11
.08
.00
.07
.02
.13
.05

.58
.02
. 13
.09
.00
. 10
.02
. 17
.06

.54
.02
. 13
.10
.00
.09
.01
.15
.05

.38
.03
.10
.05
.00
.03
.03
.10
.04

.44
.03
.12
.04
.00
.05
.02
.12
.06

.40
.04
.10
.02
.00
.07
.01
.10
.06

Professional and technical

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain




146

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Industrial
chemicals

Chemical
and allied
products

Other
printg, exc
newspapers
1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.57
.82
.01
.01
.05
.04
.17
.27
.16
•04

1 72
.
.95
. 01
.02
. 08
.03
.22
.29
. 10
.03

1.59
1.02
.01
.04
.06
.01
.18
.24
.02
.02

2.80
1. 24
.01
.00
.14
.05
.27
.56
.52
.00

3.06
1.35
.01
. 00
.27
.05
. 38
.56
.45
.00

2.29
1.08
.01
.00
.20
.03
.33
.34
.29
.00

3.18
1.46
.02
.00
.16
.07
.28
.64
.53
.00

3.40
1.55
.02
.00
.27
.07
.41
.62
.46
.00

2.46
1.13
.02
.00
. 14
.06
.39
.36
. 38
.00

9.34

10.79

11.40

7.88

9.03

9.65

6.85

7.96

8.88

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.38
.13
.06
.31
.88

1. 22
. 11
.04
.24
. 83

.94
.05
.04
.17
.69

1.83
. 18
.12
.57
.96

1.81
. 18
.07
.51
1.05

2.03
.15
.05
.54
1.28

1.61
.21
.08
.64
.70

1.61
.20
.04
.58
.78

1.99
.18
.04
.71
1.06

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, adrrdnistrators

7.96
.01
.50
.00
.01
7.44

9.57
. 01
.49
.00
.01
9.07

10.46
.01
.50
.00
.01
9.94

6.05
.01
.33
.00
.01
5.69

7.22
.01
.35
.00
. 01
6.85

7.62
.02
.40
.00
-01
7.19

5.24
-02
.31
.01
.01
4.90

6.35
.02
.34
.01
.01
5.98

6. 89
.03
.43
.01
.01
6.41

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

5.40
.65
4.64

5. 54
. 89
. 08
4. 57

6.35
1.14
.04
5.17

4.23
.02
.00
4.21

4.58
.03
.00
4.55

5.29
.04
.00
5.26

2.22
.01
.00
2.21

2.29
.01
.00
2.27

2.46
.01
.00
2.45

21.58

19.78

19.44

14.95

14.56

14.45

13.07

12.66

12. 64

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

7.55
.01
.00
4.46
2-97

7. 10
.01
. 00
4. 52
.05
2. 51

8.50
.01
.00
5.94
.01
2.54

5.56
.04
.04
4.19
. 19
1.11

5.39
.03
. 03
4.31
. 09
.94

5.72
.04
.03
4.78
.03
.83

4.88
.03
.01
3.66
.23
.96

4.54
.03
.01
3.62
-09
.79

4.85
.05
.01
4.09
.01
.68

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1-74
. 15
.05
.30
.13
.68
.05
.38

1.55
.05
. 03
.62
. 08
.45
.01
.31

.80
.01
.01
.49
.02
.14
.01
.13

1.03
.06
.04
.30
.04
.52
.02
.05

1. 16
.03
.03
.63
.03
.39
.01
.05

.81
.03
.02
.50
.04
. 19
.00
.03

.89
.05
.02
.30
.03
.44
.02
.04

1.02
.02
.02
.59
.03
.32
.01
.04

.74
.01
.02
.47
.05
.15
.00
.03

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Religious workers,except clergy
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers




.11

.11

147

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Other
printg, exc
newspapers

Chemical
and allied
products

Industrial
chemicals

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

12.29
.34
2.47
.08
.22
.03
.44
-01
.12
.58
.55
.80
.05
.92
.34
.29
.43
1.44
.53
.52
.19
.03
1.91

11. 14
.33
2.31
.09
.23
.02
.41
.01
. 10
.54
. 46
. 65
. 04
.79
.28
.32
.32
1.30
. 53
. 44
. 13
. 03
1.82

10.14
.37
2.63
.17
.01
.35
.01
-09
.20
.23
.64
.00
.49
.13
.36
.13
1.47
.39
.39
.11
.02
1.85

8.36
.21
1.48
.07
.22
.01
.28
.02
.00
.21
.58
.23
.05
.23
.04
.33
.25
1.42
.38
.82
.22
.28
1.03

8.01
.22
1.41
. 08
.25
.01
.29
.03
.00
.24
.62
.20
.05
.22
.04
.33
. 23
1.22
.43
.69
. 13
.28
1.07

7.92
.25
1.31
. 10
.27
.01
.33
.04
.00
.20
.76
.20
.02
. 19
.02
.26
. 19
1. 16
.41
.67
.07
.32
1.15

7.30
.13
1.10
.06
.21
.01
.22
.04
.00
.21
.67
.17
.07
.21
.03
.35
.19
1.02
.34
.75
.22
.25
1.06

7.10
.13
1.01
.07
.24
.02
.24
.04
.00
.25
.74
.13
.07
. 19
.03
.35
.19
.90
.37
.66
.13
.28
1.08

7.06
. 13
.84
. 12
.27
.03
.32
.06
.00
.25
1.03
. 10
.03
. 17
.02
.26
. 19
.86
.38
.70
.06
.38
.86

34.73

34. 73

34.85

17.06

17.07

18.45

23.85

24.02

25.60

.41
.07
-01
.01
.00
.17
.00
.00
.10
.04
.01

.41
. 08
.01
.01
.00
. 18
. 00
.00
. 10
. 03
. 01

.49
.09
.00
.02
.00
.24
.00
.00
.03
.00

3.38
.50
.06
.15
.02
1.11
.13
.01
.27
1.10
.03

3.20
.46
.05
. 16
.02
1. 10
.13
.01
.26
1.01
.02

3.66
.37
.04
.29
.01
1.24
.17
.01
.29
1.22
.03

5.58
.83
.14
.14
.06
1.77
.19
.01
.33
2.04
.08

5.56
.83
.13
.16
.04
1.85
.19
.01
.35
1.95
.06

6. 84
. 77
. 11
.33
.02
2.26
.32
.01
.47
2.47
.09

3.06

3.43

4.44

5.66

5.74

5.46

6.68

6.79

5.89

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mecu
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.40
.00
.00
.00
.05
.01
.21
.01
.03
.00
.03
.05

.43
. 00
. 00
.00
. 06
. 01
.23
.02
. 03
. 00
. 03
. 05

.65
.00
.00
.00
.10
.01
.34
.03
.05
.00
.05
.08

2.03
.01
.13
.01
.00
.02
1.06
.51
.01
.01
.16
.12

2.05
. 01
. 12
.01
.00
.02
1.11
.55
.01
.00
. 14
. 10

2.76
.00
.14
.00
.00
.02
1.59
.67
.01
.00
.17
.15

3.00
.02
.29
.01
.01
.02
1.53
.79
.01
.01
.22
.11

3.11
.01
.27
.01
.01
.02
1.64
.88
.01
.01
.18
.09

4.21
.00
.34
.01
.01
. 03
2.46
1.06
.01
.01
. 19
.09

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mean
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.06
.01
.00
.02
.01
.00
.94
.01
.00
.03
.01
.00
.04

1. 17
. 02
.00
.02
.01
. 00
1.06
. 01
.00
. 02
.01
.00
.03

1.29
.03
.00
.01
.01
.00
1.18
.01
.00
.04
.01
.00
.01

4.35
.13
.01
.17
.00
.01
3.07
.02
.01
.01
.03
.02
.88

4.78
. 16
.01
. 14
.01
.01
3.47
.03
.01
.01
.02
.02
.89

5.64
. 16
.00
. 15
.01
.02
4.24
.03
.02
.02
.02
.03
.92

5.96
.10
.02
.25
.01
.02
3.58
.05
.00
.02
.05
.05
1.82

6.51
.13
.02
.24
.01
.03
4.02
.06
.00
.01
.02
.06
1.92

7.36
. 14
.01
.31
.01
.07
4.59
.08
.00
.02
.01
.10
2.02

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Electrotypers and stereotypers
Engravers exc photcengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

29.01
3.88
10.17
.24
.28
3.23
11.21

28.71
3.02
9.61
.06
.25
3. 46
12.32

27.64
3.62
6.75
.02
.19
4.84
12.22

.21
.00
.12
.00
.00
.01
.08

.22
.00
. 12
.00
.00
.00
. 10

.20
.00
.08
.00
.00
.00
.12

.10
.00
.06
.00
.00
.00
.05

.10
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.05

.09
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.06

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,prcduction controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Blue collar worker supervisors




.11

.11

148

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Chemical
and allied
products

Other
printg, exc
newspapers

Industrial
chemicals

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Transport,public util, craft wxrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

. 02
.01
. 00
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

.11
.01
.01
.08
.01

.09
.01
.01
.06
.01

.05
.01
.01
.03
.01

.15
.01
.02
.11
.02

.12
.01
.02
.08
.02

.06
.01
.01
.01
.02

Other crafts, kindred workers
Baxers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shipfitters
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

.77
.01
.00
.05
.01
.00
.01
.03
.07
.60

. 56
.02
. 00
.04
.01
.00
.01
. 03
. 04
.41

.32
.02
.00
.06
.01
.00
.01
.0 4
.01
.17

1.32
.00
.02
.25
.10
.01
.00
.01
-74
.19

.99
.00
.01
. 17
. 10
.00
.00
.01
.49
. 19

.69
.00
.01
.13
.09
.00
.00
.00
.22
.22

2.38
.00
.05
.49
.17
.01
.00
.01
1.26
.39

1.81
.00
.04
.35
.18
.01
.00
.01
.81
.41

1. 16
.00
.02
.24
. 16
.01
.00
.01
.21
.51

15.42

14. 53

12.74

30.54

29.24

27.51

23.89

22.94

19. 14

14. 13

13. 28

11.18

27.46

26.27

24.36

20.76

19.85

15.64

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives.
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.31
.03
.00
.01
.04
.04
.01
.15
.01
.03

.21
. 02
. 00
.01
.02
.03
.01
. 09
. 00
.03

.10
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.02
.00
.05

1.21
.03
.05
.04
.12
.02
.03
.10
.01
.79

1.09
.02
.05
.03
.08
.02
.03
.08
.01
.78

1.14
.01
.05
.03
.06
.02
.03
.06
.00
.87

2.02
.05
.12
.07
.16
.02
.02
.13
.02
1.44

1.95
.03
.11
.05
.11
.02
.02
.11
.02
1.47

2. 12
.01
.11
.03
.09
.03
.02
.09
. 01
1.72

Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

2.63
.08
.02
1.58
.03
.92

2.50
.06
.02
1.54
.04
.84

2.58
.01
.03
1.75
.07
.71

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

2.95
1.16
.14
1.65

2. 90
1- 17
.15
1.58

3.65
1.45
.18
2.02

5.25
2.01
.07
3.18

5.00
2.03
.07
2.91

5.27
2.52
.07
2.69

2.24
1.28
.02
.94

1.93
1.20
.02
.71

1.49
1. 16
.00
.32

10.87
.00
.55
.00
.00
.00
.01
1.32
.00
.01
.02
.00
.01
.00
.09
.03
. 11
.88
.06
.01
.32
.03
.05
3.95
3.43

10. 17
.00
.63
. 00
. 00
.00
.01
1. 18
.00
.01
. 02
.00
.01
.00
.07
. 02
. 08
.94
. 05
.01
.24
.03
. 04
3-69
3. 16

7.43
.00
.93
.00
.00
.00
.01
.78
.00
.01
.01
.00
.01
.00
.05
.02
.06
1.24
.03
.01
.17
.05
.02
2.47
1.59

18.37
.15
1.55
.04
.32
.00
.00
.34
.02
.04
.09
.02
.02
.02
2.21
.12
.44
.03
.07
.05
.15
.61
.07
8.49
3.51

17.69
.21
1.65
. 03
.34
.00
.00
.32
. 02
.04
.07
.02
.02
.02
2. 16
.09
.37
.03
.07
. 04
.13
.35
.07
8.04
3.62

15.38
.22
1.98
.01
.35
.00
.00
.33
.03
.04
.04
.01
.02
.03
2. 17
.04
-39
.03
.08
.03
.17
.22
.07
6.18
2.94

16.50
.27
.47
.01
.12
.01
.01
.14
.05
.05
.06
.02
.03
.00
1.28
.17
.50
.05
.00
.07
.05
1.06
.04
8.75
3.31

15.98
.40
.51
.01
.12
.01
.01
.14
.05
.03
.05
.01
.03
.00
1.29
.12
.45
.05
.00
.05
.05
.64
.04
8.22
3.69

12. 04
.38
.60
.00
.14
.01
.01
. 14
. 10
.01
.02
.02
.05
.00
1. 33
.04
.54
.05
.00
.02
. 10
.37
.06
5. 17
2.89

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles'
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Biveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
winding operatives, ether
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport




149

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Other
printg, exc
newspapers

Chemical
and allied
products

Industrial
chemicals

1970

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.29
.00
.49
.30
.00
.00
.00
.04
.46

1.25
.00
.42
. 32
.00
. 00
. 00
. 03
. 48

1.56
.00
.45
.30
.00
.00
.00
.01
.79

3.09
.00
.30
1.14
.01
.01
.02
.06
1.54

2. 97
.01
.25
1. 18
.01
.01
.02
.05
1.45

3. 15
.00
.23
.97
.01
.02
.04
.02
1.87

3.12
.01
.31
.83
.01
.02
.03
.05
1.87

3.08
.01
.26
.86
.01
.03
.03
.04
1.84

3.50
.01
.21
.60
.01
.04
.08
.02
2.53

1.32

1. 07

.61

2.94

2.58

2.16

3.35

3.07

2.94

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.98
.20
.79

.77
. 17
. 60

.35
.09
.26

1.89
.23
1.67

1.64
.22
1.42

1.25
. 19
1.07

2.15
.19
1.95

2.02
.20
1.83

2.03
.21
1.82

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.09
-03
.00
.02
.01
.02

. 07
. 02
. 00
.02
.01
.01

.06
.03
.00
.02
.01
.01

.21
.07
.01
.04
.03
.06

.16
.05
.01
.04
.02
.05

. 13
.03
.01
.03
.01
.05

.19
.06
.01
.02
.03
.07

.14
.04
.01
.02
.02
.06

. 15
.03
.01
.02
.01
.09

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.02
.01

.02
.01

.06
.05

.02
.02

.02
.02

.06
.06

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.05
-02
.04
.00
.00

.04
. 01
.03
.00
. 00

.02
.01
.01
.00
.00

.07
.02
.01
.03
.01

.08
.02
.02
.04
.01

.08
.02
.02
.04
.01

.03
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.19
.00
.19
.00

. 18
. 00
. 18
. 00

.19
.00
.19
.00

.76
.03
.71
.01

. 68
.02
.65
.01

.64
.02
.61
.00

.97
.05
.89
.03

.87
.04
.81
.02

.68
.04
. 64
.00

1.93
.00
.00
.01
.94
.02
.00
.55
.14
.15
.13

1.68
. 00
. 00
. 01
. 81
.02
. 00
.49
. 11
. 15
. 10

1.14
.00
.00
.02
.58
-02
.00
.23
.04
.19
.06

3.92
.07
.05
.21
1.79
.08
.01
.59
.29
.39
.45

3.64
. 10
.03
. 18
1.67
.08
.01
.59
.28
.34
.36

3.44
.08
.03
. 16
1.74
. 10
.00
.44
-22
.28
.37

3.34
.02
.09
.34
1.50
.09
.02
.22
-25
.29
.51

3.22
.03
.06
.32
1.52
. 10
.02
.25
.27
.23
.43

3.69
.02
.06
.33
1.93
. 14
.00
.28
.29
. 11
.52

laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




150

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Plastics
and
synthetics
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Synthetic
fibers
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Drugs
and
medicines
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

17.80

18. 29

19.04

15.09

15.72

16.27

23.18

24.89

23.89

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

4.72
2.78
.14
.25
.53
.61
.03
.13
.27

4.59
2. 76
. 08
.23
. 54
.59
. 03
. 10
.26

5.05
3.05
.04
.21
.52
.74
.04
.09
.36

4.23
2.12
.14
.37
.54
.87
.00
.00
.20

4. 34
2.33
- 10
.38
.56
. 80
.00
. 00
. 17

5.40
3.23
.11
.51
.53
.84
.00
.00
.18

1.81
.80
.06
.07
.50
.24
.00
.00
.14

1.75
.87
.04
.07
.47
.18
.00
.00
.11

2. 14
1.26
. 04
. 09
.52
. 17
.00
.00
.07

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

2.59
.01
.03
2.44
.02
.00
.05
.04

2. 57
.01
.05
2.41
.01
.00
.05
. 04

2.62
.02
.03
2.50
.01
.00
.05
.01

1.20
.03
.01
1.11
.00
.01
.04
.00

1. 18
.03
.02
1.08
.00
.01
.05
.00

1. 10
.00
.03
.99
.00
.02
.06
.00

6.53
.02
1.69
4.75
.01
.00
.02
.05

7.32
.02
2.68
4.55
.01
.00
.03
.04

6. 99
.01
2.68
4. 24
.01
.00
.04
.01

.04
.01
.03

. 04
.01
.04

.05
.00
.05

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.02

.03
.01
.01

.17
.02
.15

.15
.03
.13

. 11
.02
.09

6.91
.00
4.2 1
.43
.05
.21
.03
1.98

7. 15
. 00
4. 31
. 40
.06
. 29
. 04
2. 04

8.01
.00
4.58
.62
.09
.40
.07
2.27

6.70
.00
4.66
.34
.07
.23
.02
1.39

6.98
.00
4.87
.32
.08
.29
.02
1.40

7.21
.00
4.90
.49
.09
.31
.02
1.40

6.73
4.16
1.14
.22
.08
.17
.00
.97

6.43
3.93
1.16
.18
.07
.15
.00
.94

6. 13
3.75
1.15
. 19
.05
.13
.00
.85

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Veterinarians
Other medical and health teen

.13
.00
.02
.00
.00

. 07
.00
.02
.06
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.13
.00
.03
.10
.00
.00

.12
. 00
.03
.09
.00
. 00

.11
.00
.05
.06
.00
.00

1.08
.58
.17
.17
.13
.02

1.32
.65
.19
.17
.14
.17

1.53
.90
.27
.21
.11
.05

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.01
.01
.00

. 01
. 01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

.37
.21
.16

.42
.19
.23

.24
. 15
.09

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.06
.01
.00
.05

. 09
.01
. 00
.07

.13
.01
.00
.12

.07
.00
.00
.07

.10
.00
.00
. 10

. 12
.00
.00
. 12

.04
.00
.01
.03

.05
.00
.01
.04

.05
. 00
.01
.04

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.40
.27
.10
.04

.55
.31
. 16
.08

.65
.34
.23
.08

.36
.21
.12
.04

.47
. 23
. 16
.07

.42
.21
.14
.07

.86
.43
.39
.04

1.11
.49
.55
.07

1.05
.50
.51
.05

Social scientists
Economists

. 16
.16

• 26
.26

.33
.33

.10
.10

. 16
. 16

.17
. 17

.51
.50

.74
.74

.70
.70

Teachers
Adult education

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.11
.11

. 11
.11

.05
.05

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.44
.03
.23
.02
.07
.00
.06
.04

.49
. 02
.24
.02
.09
. 00
. 07
.05

.38
.00
.18
.01
.08
.00
.06
.05

.09
.00
.05
.01
.00
.00
.02
.01

. 10
.00
.06
.01
.00
.00
.02
.01

. 10
.00
.07
-01
.00
.00
.01
.01

1.08
.03
.13
.30
.16
.03
.31
.12

1.27
.02
.16
.34
.18
.03
.38
.15

1.29
.02
.21
.46
.09
.05
.35
. 11

Professional and technical

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians
Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech




.11

151

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Plastics
and
synthetics

Synthetic
fibers

Drugs
and
medicines

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.31
1.10
.07
.02
.22
.51
.39

2. 44
1. 10
. 12
. 02
. 34
.51
. 34

1.80
.70
.08
.01
.39
.34
.28

2.06
.63
.03
.00
.28
.66
.47

2.13
.70
.04
. 00
.38
.62
.39

1.56
.63
.01
.00
.33
.30
.29

3.99
1.36
.32
.12
.36
.65
1.19

4.33
1.54
.68
.10
.48
.64
.90

3.66
1.60
.75
.03
-42
. 40
.46

7.55

8. 88

10.29

2.39

2.90

3.63

8.95

9.95

10. 92

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.38
.13
.05
.53
.66

1 44
.
. 16
.03
. 50
.75

2.12
.24
.02
.71
1.15

.44
.07
.00
.22
. 15

.39
.07
.00
. 17
. 15

.34
.08
.00
.11
. 15

2.44
.27
.16
.54
1.47

2.28
.23
.09
.43
1.53

2.37
. 12
.07
.31
1.86

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
fiestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, adininistrators

6.18
.27
.00
5.91

7. 44
.29
.00
7. 15

8.17
.39
.00
7.79

1.95
.06
.02
1.87

2.51
.06
.02
2.43

3.30
.07
.01
3.22

6.51
. 19
.03
6.29

7.67
.19
.02
7.45

8. 55
.21
.01
8. 33

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.71
.01
1.70

1.76
. 01
1. 75

2.15
.01
2.14

.39
.00
.39

.40
.00
.40

.50
.00
.50

9.75
.04
9.70

10.22
.06
10.17

12.86
.07
12.79

12. 14

11. 51

11.58

7.48

7.23

7.48

20.11

19.08

18.60

4.47
.03
.00
3.44
.24
.76

4. 09
. 02
. 00
3. 37
.09
. 61

4.30
.03
.00
3.79
.01
.48

2.24
.02
.01
1.67
. 15
.39

2. 12
.02
.01
1.71
. 09
.30

2.40
.02
.01
2.13
.04
.20

9.05
.11
.21
6.93
. 14
1.67

8.80
-09
.13
7.07
.06
1.45

9.41
.09
.18
7.53
.01
1.61

.74
.06
.01
.3 1
.01
.31
.01
.05

.95
. 03
.01
.63
. 00
.22
. 00
. 05

.72
.04
.01
.51
.00
.11
.00
.04

.76
.01
.02
.19
.00
.49
.02
.03

. 80
.00
.02
.41
.00
.35
.01
.02

. 52
.01
.01
.34
.00
. 16
.00
.00

1.43
.09
.05
.38
-07
.71
.04
.09

1.49
.04
.02
.80
.05
.49
.01
.08

. 99
.02
.00
.67
.03
.21
.00
.06

6.93
.10
1.24
.04
.1 1
.00
.14
.02
.15
.72
.15
.03
.1 1
.03
.27
.13
1.49
.24
.74
.23
.21
.80

6. 47
. 10
1 14
.
. 05
. 12
. 00
. 15
. 02
. 18
. 81
. 12
. 03
.11
. 02
. 26
. 13
1 14
.
. 25
. 68
. 11
.22
. 83

6.56
.15
.99
.10
.14
.00
.20
.02
.17
1.22
.10
.01
.11
.01
.17
.13
.64
.21
.84
.03
.30
1.04

4.48
.03
.51
.12
.12
.00
.05
.01
.04
.48
. 11
.00
.04
.01
.20
.09
.92
.26
.45
.11
.27
.65

4.31
. 04
.49
. 12
. 13
.00
.06
.01
. 04
.49
. 10
. 00
.04
.01
.20
.08
.93
.28
.34
.07
.23
.66

4.56
.08
.50
.08
.15
.00
.07
.01
.03
.54
. 13
.00
.05
.02
.12
.06
1.38
.23
.19
.04
. 12
.75

9.63
.21
1-58
.12
.24
.01
.30
.00
.27
.54
.41
.14
.37
.06
.29
.33
1.34
.74
.82
.18
.20
1.49

8.79
-21
1.56
.13
.26
.01
.29
.00
.28
.50
.35
.12
.33
.04
.31
.27
1.01
.77
.57
. 12
.17
1.51

8. 19
. 27
1.90
. 15
.25
.01
.28
.00
. i6
.38
.39
.02
. 27
.01
.30
. 14
.57
.70
.41
. 10
. 08
1.82

19.72

20. 21

22.03

20.36

21.97

26. 17

8.92

9.04

9.31

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




152

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Synthetic
fibers

Plastics
and
synthetics

Drugs
and
medicines

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

3.29
.47
.02
.03
.02
1.26
.03
.04
.28
1.12
.03
.00

3. 02
.35
. 02
. 04
.02
1 18
.
. 04
.03
. 29
1. 06
. 02
. 00

3.07
.09
.01
.07
.01
1.02
.09
.04
.37
1.37
.01
.00

3.21
.42
.00
.07
.00
1.43
.00
.00
.16
1.13
.00
.00

3.18
. 40
.00
.07
.00
1.50
.00
.00
. 12
1.08
.00
.00

3.71
.34
.00
. 13
.00
1.79
.00
.00
.06
1.39
.00
.00

1.44
.25
.03
.01
.00
.53
.01
.01
.14
.46
.00
.01

1.32
.27
.02
.01
.00
.47
.01
.00
.10
.43
.00
.01

1. 17
.23
.01
.01
.00
.46
.01
.00
. 04
.40
.00
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

6.99

7. 08

6.47

7.30

7.96

9.01

3.61

3.68

3.55

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc ineca
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2.75
.00
.14
.06
1.40
.48
.06
.03
.18
.42

2. 86
.00
. 11
. 05
1.61
. 48
.05
.02
. 16
.39

3.99
.00
.06
.06
2.59
.4 1
.08
.01
.23
.55

2.80
.02
.10
.00
1.19
1.12
.00
.00
.31
.07

3. 06
. 02
. 11
.00
1.32
1.24
.00
.00
.29
.08

4.23
.00
.19
.00
1.92
1.52
.00
.00
.40
.20

.78
.00
.00
.01
.52
.08
.00
.00
.10
.07

.82
.00
.00
.01
.57
.10
.00
.00
.07
.07

1. 16
.00
.00
.01
.83
. 15
. 00
.00
.04
. 13

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

5.22
.12
.03
.07
.01
.01
4.04
.01
.00
.00
.04
.89

6. 02
. 16
. 02
. 07
. 01
. 01
4. 76
.01
.00
. 00
.02
.96

7.67
.18
.01
.10
.01
.01
6.24
.01
.00
.00
.01
1.11

5.77
.34
.00
.06
.00
.00
4.28
.00
.13
.00
.08
.88

6.73
.45
.00
.04
.00
.00
5. 15
.00
. 13
.00
.09
.88

8.43
.45
.00
.01
.00
.00
6.89
.00
. 16
.00
. 15
.78

2.21
.18
.00
.05
.00
.00
1.74
.01
.00
.01
.00
.22

2.44
.21
.00
.04
.00
.00
2.01
.01
.00
.02
.00
.16

2.83
. 17
.00
.03
.00
. 00
2.54
.01
.00
.05
.00
.03

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.25
.12
.02
. 11

.21
.09
. 02
. 11

.08
.00
.02
.06

.08
.05
.00
.03

.11
.07
.00
.05

.24
. 13
.00
.10

.41
.24
.00
.18

.41
.21
.00
.21

.37
. 11
.00
.26

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

. 11
.00
.07
.03

. 10
. 00
. 05
.04

.07
.00
.01
.05

.19
.02
.18
.00

. 15
.02
. 14
.00

.05
.01
.05
.00

.04
.00
.04
.00

.05
.00
.05
.00

.08
. 00
.08
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Other crafts workers

1.11
. 18
.14
.0 1
.02
.64
.00
.13

. 91
. 11
. 15
.01
. 02
.50
. 00
. 13

.68
.05
.15
.01
.00
.31
.00
.16

1.01
.09
.09
.00
.00
.56
.03
.23

.77
.07
.11
. 00
.00
. 35
.04
.20

.50
.08
. 16
.00
.00
.08
.07
. 12

.41
.00
.02
.00
.00
.33
.00
.07

.31
.00
.02
.00
.00
.24
.00
.06

. 15
. 00
.02
.00
-00
. 10
.00
.03

35.32

34. 03

30.02

48.74

47.01

42.32

23.14

21.88

21.00

33.01

31.72

27.74

46.55

44.70

39.56

22.13

20.91

20. 11

1.43
.07
.02
.08
. 19
.06
.06
.20
.02
.74

1 23
.
. 06
.02
. 06
. 12
.06
. 05
. 16
.01
.71

1.08
.04
.02
.04
.09
.07
.06
.00
.65

.86
.05
.00
.02
. 13
.00
.07
.03
.00
.56

.78
.03
.00
.02
.08
.00
. 05
.02
.00
.58

.81
.01
.00
.01
.04
.00
.06
.01
.00
.69

.25
.00
.00
.00
.05
.00
.03
.03
.00
.15

.21
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.02
.02
.00
.15

.21
. 00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.01
.01
.00
. 18

.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.02
. 00
.00
.00
. 00

.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

24.85
.77
.14
14.94
.31
8.69

22.93
.50
. 16
14.21
.35
7.71

18.87
.08
.22
12.83
.55
5. 19

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00

Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled textile operatives
Carding,lapping combing oprs
Knitters,loopers, and toppers
Spinners, twisters, winders
Weavers
Other textile operatives




.11

153

Table 1. Percent distribution ox industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Plastics
and
synthetics

lynthetic
f ibers

Drugs
and
medicines

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, nvfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

4.88
2.26
.07
2.55

4. 05
2. 12
.05
1. 87

2.92
2.12
.00
.80

4.84
3.49
.12
1.24

5. 15
3.88
. 13
1. 14

7.11
5.74
.17
1.20

9.35
3.09
.16
6.10

8.82
3.09
.16
5.58

10.28
3. 89
.23
6. 16

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sanaer,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

2 6.68
.08
1.40
.02
.01
.00
1.39
.09
.23
.01
.00
1.60
.10
.38
.06
.08
.1 1
. 16
.54
.17
16.21
4.05

26.43
. 07
1.45
.03
.01
. 00
1. 34
.05
.21
.01
. 00
1. 58
.09
. 36
. 06
. 10
.09
. 14
. 28
. 18
15. 99
4.41

23.72
.02
1.58
.03
.01
.00
1.25
.00
.18
.01
.00
1.65
.07
.54
.06
.16
.05
.15
.08
.20
13.29
4.38

16.00
.33
.38
.02
.00
.01
.81
.16
.09
.01
.03
.75
.25
.03
.48
.03
.28
.37
.18
6.69
4.99

15.84
.54
.40
.02
.00
.01
.80
. 18
.06
. 01
.02
.73
. 10
.20
.03
.44
. 04
.25
.22
. 14
6.67
4.99

12.77
.67
.47
.01
.00
.01
.77
.25
.00
.01
.00
.68
.07
.17
.02
.36
.10
.35
. 11
.06
5.44
3.22

12.53
.03
1.86
.64
.00
.00
.10
.00
.06
.07
.02
1.03
.06
.23
.02
.02
.00
.05
.25
.04
5.65
2.43

11.88
.03
1.93
.65
.00
.00
.10
.00
.03
.04
.01
.91
.05
.17
.02
.02
.00
.04
.18
.03
5.52
2.16

9.6 3
.01
2. 18
.70
.00
.00
. 11
.00
.01
.02
.01
.61
.04
. 11
.02
.01
.00
.06
.27
.01
4.55
.92

2.31
.01
. 11
1.28
.02
.89

2.31
.01
. 09
1.32
. 02
. 87

2.28
.01
.06
1.02
.01
1.19

2.19
.00
.06
1.32
.05
.76

2.32
.00
.06
1.34
.06
.85

2.77
.00
.10
.90
.07
1.70

1.01
.00
.14
.45
.06
.37

.96
.00
.12
.50
.04
.30

.89
.00
. 14
.53
.01
.21

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

.11

2.36

2. 12

1.76

2.68

2.24

1.57

2.99

2.28

1.47

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.64
.09
1.55

1. 46
. 10
1 36
.

1.19
.12
1.06

1.69
.19
1.50

1.32
. 15
1. 17

.58
.06
.52

1.87
.33
1.55

1.35
.27
1.09

.46
. 11
.35

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.09
.04
.00
.01
.02
.02

. 07
. 02
. 00
.02
. 01
. 02

.05
.01
.00
.02
.01
.02

-27
.13
.01
.08
.02
.04

.20
. 10
.01
.05
. 02
.02

.12
.09
.01
.01
.01
.01

.43
.10
.02
.04
.16

.31
.07
.01
. 10
.03
.10

.21
.06
.01
. 09
.02
.04

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.00
.01

.01
. 00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.02
. 00
.02

.05
.00
.05

.06
.04
.02

.07
.05
.02

. 15
.05
. 10

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

. 01
.00
. 00
.01
. 00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.05
.01
.02
.01
.02

.05
.01
.01
.01
.02

.07
.01
.02
.03
.01

. 11
.04
.00
.04
.02

.09
.03
.00
.04
.02

.07
.01
.00
.06
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.61
.01
.58
.01

. 57
.01
.55
.01

.50
.01
.49
.00

.65
.05
.59
.01

.65
.05
.60
.01

.75
.06
. 68
.00

.53
.00
.53
.00

.45
.00
.45
.00

.58
.00
.58
.00

3.41
.00
.06
.18
1.67
.01
.10
.44
.01
.33
.33
.29

3.22
.00
. 05
. 16
1.55
.01
. 11
. 48
.01
.34
. 25
.25

3.13
.00
.04
.19
1.48
.01
.14
.52
.01
.34
.11
.29

2.87
.00
.04
.30
1.31
.00
.07
.17
.00
.39
.19
.41

2.54
.00
.04
.23
1.22
.00
.07
. 14
.00
.31
. 19
. 34

2.05
.00
.06
.10
1.15
.00
.07
.05
.00
.10
.26
.27

2.96
.46
.00
.05
.88
.01
.06
.58
.00
.38
.32
.23

2.67
.50
.00
.04
.82
.01
.06
.48
.00
.30
.29
.18

1.95
.39
.00
.01
.81
.01
.05
. 17
.00
. 11
. 27
.14

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




154

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Soaps
and
cosmetics
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Paints
and
varnishes
1990

1970

100.00 100.00 100.00

100.00

I
978

Agriculturl
chemicals
1990

>.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

11.75

12. 28

10.70

15.18

>.66

14.70

12.28

12.78

12.50

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

2.06
.84
.08
.06
.50
.38
.04
.16

1. 88
. 79
. 06
.05
. 49
.32
. 03
. 13

1.60
.71
.05
.05
.38
.26
.04
.11

1.29
.70
.01
.05
.26
.08
.10
.09

I 19
.
.67
.01
.04
.25
. 06
.08
.08

1.05
.62
.00
.04
.22
.03
.09
.07

2.32
1.33
.12
.10
.20
.42
.03
.13

2.11
1.28
.08
.08
.19
.36
.02
.11

1.94
1.27
.07
.06
. 14
.31
.01
.09

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

2.31
.01
.13
2.18
.00
.00

2. 31
.01
. 19
2. 11
.00
. 00

2.10
.00
.14
1.94
.00
.01

4.39
.00
.02
4.35
.01
.01

\.22

.00
.03
> 16
.
. 01
.01

3.57
.00
.05
3.48
.02
.02

3.06
.29
.16
2.56
.00
.04

3.03
.32
.24
2.44
.00
.03

2.52
. 18
.20
2. 13
.00
.01

.05
.00
.05

. 05
. 00
.05

.04
.00
.04

.05
.02
.03

.03
.02
.02

.00
.00
.00

.04
.00
.04

.03
.00
.03

.01
.00
.01

2.97
.05
2.04
.14
.06
. 11
.03
.02
.52

3. 08
. 06
2. 10
. 13
.09
. 14
.05
.01
.51

3.23
.06
2.08
.20
.16
.17
.10
.01
.46

6.47
.01
5.27
.11
.00
.24
.01
.00
.84

> 88
.
.01
i 56
.
.09
.00
.31
.01
.00
. 89

7.38
.01
5.84
.09
.00
.35
.01
.00
1.07

3.71
. 11
2.82
.20
.05
-02
.01
.00
.50

4.04
.13
3.12
.15
.05
.03
.01
.00
.55

4.89
. 17
3.77
.10
.07
.03
.01
.00
.73

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Veterinarians

.10
.01
.01
.08
.00

. 06
.01
. 00
. 05
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.03
.00
.00
.03
.00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.05
.00
.01
.03
.01

.05
.00
.01
.03
.01

. 07
.00
.00
. 05
.01

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.02
.01
.01

. 02
.01
. 01

.01
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01

.02
. 00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.06
.05
.01

. 07
. 06
. 00

.06
.06
.00

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.06
.03
.04

.06
.03
.03

.03
.03
.00

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.45
.28
.16
.01

. 55
.31
. 22
. 02

.47
.28
.17
.02

.31
.19
.09
.04

.42
.22
. 13
.06

.42
.26
.12
.04

.32
.23
.09
.00

.39
-26
.13
.00

.37
. 24
.13
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.32
.32

. 46
. 46

.37
.37

.18
.18

.27
.27

.24
.24

.14
.14

.21
.21

. 17
. 17

Teachers
Adult education

.02
.02

. 02
.02

.02
.02

.03
.03

.03
.03

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.77
.20
.07
.20
.02
.24
.05

.94
. 23
. 08
.28
.01
. 28
. 06

.88
.20
.11
.31
.01
.22
.04

.27
.05
.05
.04
.00
.10
.03

.32
.06
.06
.05
.00
. 13
.02

.30
.07
.07
.02
.00
. 12
.01

.18
.00
.00
.00
.03
.10
.04

.20
.00
.00
.00
.02
.14
.03

.18
.00
.00
.00
.01
.18
.00

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians
Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surve yors
Other engineering,science tech

343-899 0
 81 - 11


155

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Soaps
and
cosmetics

Paints
and
varnishes

Agriculturl
chemicals

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.63
1.27
.19
.03
.33
.55
.26

2. 85
1.32
.32
.03
. 41
.56
.21

1.93
.92
.20
.03
.28
.37
.13

2.14
1.26
.05
.03
.20
.34
.27

2.25
1.38
.08
.02
.25
.36
. 17

1.73
1. 19
.03
.01
.16
.31
.04

2.40
1.48
.06
.02
.15
.34
.35

2.66
1.67
.09
.02
.21
.36
.31

2.32
1.57
.04
.01
. 18
.29
.24

10.41

11.68

12.45

10.68

11.82

12.09

11.19

12.73

13.69

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

2.71
.19
.12
.80
1.61

2. 62
. 19
. 07
. 70
1.67

2.91
.18
-05
.73
1.95

2.69
.18
.40
.67
1.44

2.47
. 17
.22
.58
1.51

2.54
.11
.17
.52
1.74

2.24
.21
-29
.51
1.23

2.19
.20
. 17
.43
1.39

2.66
. 15
. 15
.42
1.94

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

7.70
.01
.42
7.27

9.06
. 01
. 44
8. 60

9.54
.01
.56
8.97

7.98
.00
.59
7.40

9.35
.00
.61
8.74

9.55
.00
.70
8.85

8.95
.04
.73
8.18

10.53
.04
.72
9.77

11.03
.06
.66
10. 31

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

6.65
.07
6.59

6. 74
. 08
6. 66

8.29
.07
8.22

7.35
.04
7.31

7.32
.08
7.23

8.11
.20
7.91

4.72
.00
4.72

4.59
.00
4.59

4.78
.00
4.78

20.24

19. 36

19.81

19.70

18.53

18.45

16.46

15.99

16.54

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

6.92
.01
.00
5. 16
.16
1.58

6. 48
. 01
.00
5. 10
.07
1. 30

7.00
.00
.00
5.87
.01
1.12

5.76
.04
.00
4.20
.15
1.37

5.54
.03
.00
4.33
.06
1.12

6.56
.03
.00
5.62
.01
.90

6.11
.04
.02
4.75
.25
1.05

5.78
.04
.01
4.68
.19
.86

6. 19
. 06
.00
5. 16
.27
.70

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computet and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.49
.07
.11
.36
.06
.82
.03
.05

1.57
. 04
. 07
.75
.05
. 62
.01
. 04

1.10
.03
.03
.58
.06
.36
.00
.04

1.59
.13
.10
.36
.10
.82
.03
.06

1.58
.04
. 05
.77
.09
.59
.01
.03

.99
.01
.01
-62
.09
.26
.00
.00

.89
.07
.03
.29
.04
.40
.01
.06

1.00
.05
.02
.60
.02
.28
.00
.03

.72
. 11
.03
.46
.00
.11
.00
.00

1 1.83
.32
2.07
.09
.41
.02
.62
.01
.28
.61
.45
.04
.45
.12
.38
.34
2.13
.48
1.25
.23
.23
1.33

11.31
.31
1. 94
. 11
. 47
. 02
. 63
. 02
. 32
. 65
.37
. 04
- 40
. 10
. 38
.32
1 86
.
. 52
1. 11
. 13
. 24
1 39
.

11.70
.28
1.76
.17
.55
.03
.73
.02
.31
.85
.39
.01
.31
.04
.25
.31
1.81
.51
1.20
.06
.33
1.79

12.36
.43
2.98
.06
.21
.03
.65
.03
.27
.50
.22
.07
.20
.04
.34
.49
3.05
.41
1.05
.21
.11
1.02

11.42
. 48
2.78
. 04
.24
.02
.59
.03
.28
.47
. 19
.06
. 19
.04
.41
.41
2. 77
.43
. 79
.07
.11
1.04

10.90
.67
2.59
.01
.25
.00
.40
.06
.18
.36
.20
.01
.21
.03
.53
.29
3.00
.40
.39
.00
. 13
1.19

9.46
.54
2.80
.05
.28
.01
.16
.05
.30
.52
.12
.04
.24
.04
.32
.28
1.02
.30
.71
.31
.55
.83

9.21
.56
2.65
.03
.32
.01
.20
.05
.38
.56
.11
.03
.24
.04
.34
.27
.93
.33
.66
.22
.57
.71

9.64
.66
2.42
.01
.32
.00
.34
.08
.43
.72
. 14
.01
.28
.03
.31
.28
1.07
.36
.82
.22
.69
.47

9.86

9.97

9.76

9.23

9.95

11.92

16.82

17.62

20.58

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispa tchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




156

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Soaps
and
cosmetics

Paints
and
varnishes

Agriculturl
chemicals

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipe fitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

1.56
.23
.00
.27
.57
.02
.01
.07
.39
.01
.00

1.45
.20
. 00
.30
. 54
. 02
. 00
. 06
.32
.01
.00

1.55
-11
.00
.64
.46
.02
-01
.06
.24
.01
.00

1.70
.07
.00
.03
.28
.05
.01
.99
.25
.00
.02

1.71
.04
.00
.03
.31
.04
.01
.99
.29
.00
.01

2.08
.01
.00
.02
.41
.02
.01
1.05
.55
.00
.01

3.80
.48
.04
.88
.77
.97
.01
.16
.49
.00
.00

3.67
.48
.04
.86
.78
.90
.01
.16
.44
.00
.00

4.61
.49
.04
1.36
.86
1.21
.00
. 17
.49
.00
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

3.69

3. 62

2.75

4.26

4.56

4.89

5.68

6.34

7.72

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.14
.04
.80
.13
.01
.07
.08

1. 14
. 03
.01
. 85
. 12
. 01
. 06
.06

1.35
.01
.02
1.11
.08
.0 1
.06
.06

.73
.00
.05
.29
.27
.00
.04
.07

.78
.00
. 04
.31
.29
.00
.06
.08

1.07
.00
.02
.39
.34
.00
.15
.17

1.13
.02
.01
.68
.32
.00
-09
.01

1.26
.01
.01
.78
.36
.00
.09
.01

1.86
.01
. 00
1.24
.45
.00
. 15
.01

Mechanics,re pairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mecii
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

2.72
.02
.09
.01
.00
2.40
.01
.01
.00
.18

3. 11
. 03
. 08
-01
.00
2.77
.01
. 01
. 00
.21

3.58
.02
.06
.01
.00
3.20
.01
.01
.00
.27

1.67
.01
.06
.00
.00
1.48
.01
.00
.00
.10

2.00
.02
.04
. 00
.00
1.79
.01
.00
.00
. 14

2.71
.02
.01
.00
.00
2.39
.01
.00
.00
.29

4.34
.08
-37
.01
.02
3.21
.04
.03
.01
.57

4.69
.10
.33
.01
.02
3.56
.05
.02
.01
.61

4.46
.10
. 28
.01
.02
3.33
.06
.01
.00
.65

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.22
.14
.08

.20
.11
. 08

.11
.05
.06

.40
.26
.14

.47
.28
. 19

.66
.33
.34

.22
-20
.02

.22
.20
.01

. 17
.17
.00

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.03
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00

.03
. 00
.01
.01
.01
. 00

.03
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.16
.06
.00
.00
.08
.02

.10
.04
.00
.00
.05
.02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

.50
.03
.01
.02
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.39
.03

.43
. 02
.01
.01
. 00
. 00
. 03
.00
. 00
.33
. 03

.39
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.32
.05

.47
.08
.00
.00
.03
.03
.02
.02
.02
.25
.03

. 44
.07
.00
. 00
.02
.02
.02
.03
.01
.22
.03

.51
.16
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.05
.00
.23
-05

1.49
.55
.00
.00
.00
.00
.10
.00
.00
.72
.12

1.35
.44
.00
.00
.00
.00
.09
.00
.00
.69
.13

1.75
.53
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00
. 00
.99
. 18

33.69

Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,proace




.01

32- 94

32.55

31.93

31.56

31.37

27.52

26.12

23.07

30.88

30.25

30.44

28.20

27.51

25.41

19.07

18.06

14.51

.51
.01
.01
.07
.01
.04
.08
.01
.29

. 47
. 01
.01
. 05
.01
. 04
.06
.01
. 29

.45
.01
.04
.01
.05
.05
.00
.28

.44
.00
.08
.09
.00
.01
.09
.00
.17

.39
.00
.07
.05
.00
.01
.06
.00
.20

.45
.00
.09
.03
.00
.00
.02
.00
.31

1.37
.06
.03
.05
.00
.00
.06
.00
1.17

1.35
.06
.02
.03
.00
.00
.05
.00
1.18

114 9
.09
.03
.03
.00
.00
.07
.00
1.28

12.03
2.22
.06
9.75

10.98
2. 15
.04
8.79

10.96
2.33
.00
8.64

3.22
.1.05
.05
2.12

3.12
1.10
.05
1.97

3.59
1.40
.07
2.13

1.83
.51
.04
1.28

1.69
.52
.04
1.14

1.58
.58
.03
.98

.01

157

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1S70, 1978 and projected 1990

Soaps
and
cosmetics

Paints
and
varnishes

Agriculturl
chemicals

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

18.33
.02
5.22
.01
.69
.16
.00
.03
.12
.01
.01
.00
2.23
.09
.21
.02
.03
.00
.11
.22
.02
5.67
3.46

18. 81
- 02
5. 62
.01
. 66
. 15
.00
. 02
. 10
. 01
. 01
.00
2.22
. 07
- 18
- 02
. 04
. 00
. 08
. 12
.03
5. 6 8
3. 78

19.03
.00
6.93
.00
.59
.11
.00
.01
.05
.01
.01
.00
2-26
.00
.23
.02
.08
.00
.06
.04
.08
4.97
3.61

24.55
.0 1
.79
.00
1.10
.12
.00
.00
.11
.00
.01
.00
10.04
.06
1.63
.00
.00
.03
.07
.26
.03
7.95
2.36

24.00
.01
.86
. 00
1.08
. 12
.00
.00
.08
.00
. 01
.00
10.04
.05
1.30
.00
.00
.02
.08
.16
.02
7.78
2.40

21.37
.00
1.05
.00
1.02
.11
.00
.00
.03
.00
.01
.00
10.28
.02
1.00
.00
.00
.00
.16
.10
.00
5.95
1.65

15.87
.06
.25
.04
.08
.06
-03
.00
.03
.02
.00
.05
3.48
.24
.22
.00
.00
.00
.73
.42
.03
7.33
2.82

15.02
.06
.26
.03
.10
.07
.02
.00
.03
.02
.00
.03
3.44
.21
.18
.00
.00
.00
.62
.29
.02
6.97
2.68

11.44
.00
.24
.00
.18
. 08
.01
. 00
.05
.02
.00
. 00
3. 39
.16
. 20
.00
.00
. 00
.73
.31
.00
4.74
1.34

2.81
.23
1.62
.00
.01
.04
.08
.84

2.69
. 18
1.72
.00
. 01
. 04
. 05
.70

2.11
.13
1.41
.00
.00
.08
.00
.48

3.73
.52
1.50
.00
.00
.00
.07
1.64

4.05
.53
1.62
.00
.00
.00
.07
1.84

5.97
.87
1.44
.00
.00
.00
.04
3.62

8.46
1.09
1.81
.02
.01
.00
.00
5.53

8.06
.86
1.84
.02
.01
.00
.00
5.33

8.56
.62
1.27
.02
.00
.00
.00
6.66

2-77

2.60

2.31

2. 18

1.79

.94

2.84

2.64

2.32

1.75
.36
1.39

1.60
. 38
1. 22

1.34
.41
.93

1.53
.22
1.31

1.24
. 19
1.05

.58
.08
.50

2.00
.25
1.75

1.83
.27
1.57

1.58
.28
1.30

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.18
.05
.01
.04
.03
.04

. 13
. 03
. 01
. 04
. 02
. 04

.08
.01
.01
.01
.01
.05

.15
.05
.01
.05
.01
.05

. 13
.03
.01
.05
.01
.03

.09
.01
.01
.06
.01
.01

.08
.02
.00
.02
.01
.03

.08
.02
.00
.02
.01
.03

.08
.01
. 00
.01
.01
.05

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.04

.02
.02

.02
.02

.04
.04

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists

.30
.04
.03
.23

. 36
. 04
. 02
.29

.38
.07
.02
.29

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
. 00
.01
.00

Protective service workers
Guards

.53
.53

.52
.52

.51
.51

.48
.48

.41
.41

.22
.22

.73
.73

.70
.70

.62
.62

4.62
.01
.03
.04
2.41
.03
.96
.31
.59
.23

4.43
. 02
.02
. 04
2. 24
.04
-99
.32
. 55
.21

4.14
.03
.01
.06
2.06
.06
.81
.30
.57
.25

3.76
.00
.00
.14
1.19
.03
1.25
.33
.60
.22

3.38
.00
.00
. 10
1. 15
.03
1.15
.27
.51
. 17

2.43
.00
.00
.04
1.22
.03
.58
.09
.37
. 10

8.18
.00
.06
.42
4.67
.11
1.58
.11
.73
.51

7.55
.00
.02
.39
4.29
.12
1.60
.12
.68
.33

6.52
.00
.01
.45
3.75
. 17
1. 17
.18
.69
. 11

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulaticn workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Severs and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




158

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
chemicals
197 0

Total all occupations

1978

Petroleum
and coal
products
1990

100.00 100.00 1CO.00

1970

1978

Petroleum
refining
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

19.63

14. 92

13.84

2 0.36

20.67

18.26

23.08

23.78

23. 15

Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

3.2 6
.03
1. oh
.07
. 16
.53
.40
.01
.01
-20
.22

3.00
. 02
1.58
. 05
. 15
. 52
. 34
. 01
.01
. 15
. 18

2.54
.00
1.43
.05
.12
.39
.29
.00
.00
.12
.14

5.17
.00
2.50
.38
.27
.36
.69
.05
.55
.11
.26

4. 73
.00
2.40
.27
. 24
.36
.62
.05
. 49
.08
.22

4.52
.00
2.22
.20
.22
.35
.64
.05
.52
.08
.23

5.90
.00
3.00
.44
.31
.31
.77
.04
.67
.08
.28

5.49
.00
2.95
.32
.27
.30
.69
.05
.61
.06
.24

5.81
.00
3. 15
.30
.22
.31
.72
.08
.77
.04
.23

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

2.68
.01
.03
2.62
.00
.03
.00

2- 64
.01
.05
2. 56
.00
. 03
. 00

2.32
.00
.05
2.25
.00
.02
.00

2.20
.01
.01
1.66
.44
.05
.02

2. 05
.01
.01
1.60
.36
.05
.02

1.96
.00
.01
1.50
.41
.03
.01

2.34
.01
.01
1.69
.53
.06
.03

2.20
.01
.02
1.64
.44
.06
.03

2.33
. 00
. 01
1.67
.58
.05
.02

.05
.00
.02
.03

. 05
.00
.02
. 03

.06
.00
.01
.05

.10
.00
.04
.06

.10
.01
.04
.05

.07
.01
.03
.03

.13
.01
.05
.07

.13
.01
.06
.06

. 10
.01
.05
.04

5.53
.01
4.06
.35
.12
.16
.00
.00
.84

5.78
.01
4.29
.29
. 14
.21
. 00
.00
.84

6.14
.01
4.54
.31
.21
.24
.00
-00
.84

5.62
.01
4.04
.57
.12
.08
.02
.05
.74

5.44
. 01
3.99
.47
.11
. 10
.02
.05
.70

5.31
.00
4.03
.47
.05
. 10
.01
.07
.57

6.36
.01
4.59
.65
.13
.05
.02
.06
.85

6.23
.01
4.59
.54
.12
.06
.03
.06
.82

6.76
.01
5. 21
.60
.07
.05
.02
. 10
.71

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.11
.01
.10

. 06
. 00
. 06

.01
.00
.01

.11
.01
. 10

.09
.01
.08

.04
.00
.04

.13
.02
.11

.10
.01
.09

.06
.00
.06

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

.04
.03
.01

.05
. 05
. 01

.08
.07
.01

.04
.01
.02

.05
.01
.03

.02
.01
.01

.04
.01
.03

.05
.01
.04

.02
.01
.02

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.08
.02
.03
.01
.02

. 11
.02
.03
.01
. 04

.12
.02
.02
.01
.07

.12
.05
.02
.01
.05

. 16
.06
.02
.01
.07

.16
.06
.01
.01
.08

.15
.06
.02
.01
.06

.19
.08
.02
.01
.08

.23
.09
.02
.01
. 12

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.24
.15
.06
.02

.29
. 17
. 08
. 04

.26
.16
.09
.02

1.16
.67
.44
.05

1.38
.72
.58
.08

1.29
.70
.55
.04

1.39
.81
.52
.05

1.69
.89
.71
.09

1.80
.98
.77
.05

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists
Urban and regional planners

.17
.17
.00
.00

.28
.28
. 00
.00

. 2 a

.28
.00
.00

.68
.66
.00
.01

.93
.91
.01
.01

.63
.61
.01
.00

.80
.78
.01
.02

1.12
1.09
.02
.01

.77
.75
.02
.00

Teachers
Adult education

.03
.03

.03
.03

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.27
.00
.05
.03
.04
.03
.07
.04

.34
.00
.07
.02
.07
.02
.09
. 06

.35
.00
.08
.01
.11
.01
.08
.07

.46
.01
.10
.06
.04
.04
.17
.04

.52
.01
M
.06
.03
.04
.22
.05

.46
.00
.10
.05
.00
.05
.23
.04

.51
.01
.10
.08
.05
.05
.18
*.05

.58
.01
.13
.08
.04
.05
.22
.06

.54
.00
. 14
.07
‘.00
.07
.21
.05

Professional and technical

Mathematical specialists
Actuaries
Mathematicians
Statisticians
Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolycl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Draft ers
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech




159

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Hisc
chemicals

Petroleum
and coal
products

Petroleum
refining

197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.18
1.03
.01
.09
.04
.20
.44
.36
.01

2. 29
1. 13
.01
.09
. 05
. 25
.45
.29
. 02

1.65
.96
.01
.00
.07
.15
.27
.16
.03

4.69
2.73
.00
.43
.06
.38
.69
.40
.00

5.21
2.96
.00
.74
.04
.50
.69
.28
.00

3.82
2.43
.00
.48
.01
.38
.43
.10
.00

5.30
3.0 3
.00
.52
.07
.43
.80
.44
.00

5.98
3.33
.00
.92
.05
.57
.82
.30
.00

4.72
2.95
.00
.65
.01
.46
.56
.09
.00

8.89

10. 42

10.68

7.53

8.50

9.62

6.65

7.27

7. 15

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1.71
.14
.08
.53
.96

1 74
.
. 15
.05
.51
1. 03

2.12
.17
.04
.71
1.19

1.60
. 19
.21
.65
.56

1.38
. 17
. 11
.53
.58

1.24
.10
.08
.38
.68

1.50
.21
.20
.64
.46

1.28
.19
.10
.51
.47

1.08
. 12
.06
.38
.52

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

7.18
.03
.46
.01
.01
6.67

8. 68
. 05
.51
.01
. 01
8. 10

8.57
.10
.62
.00
.01
7.84

5.93
.01
.39
.05
.01
5.47

7. 12
.01
.39
.05
.01
6.66

8.38
.02
.46
.04
.00
7.86

5.15
.02
.27
.06
.01
4.79

6.00
.02
.26
.05
.01
5.65

6. 07
.02
.25
.06
.01
5.74

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

4.10
.00
4. 10

4. 21
. 00
4. 21

4.66
.00
4.66

2.01
.01
1.99

1.95
.01
1.93

2.27
.01
2.27

1.45
.01
1.44

1.31
.02
1.29

1.03
.01
1.02

13.95

13. 52

14.36

17.77

16.82

15.08

18.09

17.22

15.39

5.35
.02
.02
3.97
.17
1.17

5.07
.02
. 01
4. 01
. 09
. 94

5.38
.04
.00
4.52
.04
.78

5.85
. 10
.01
4.35
.39
1.01

5.38
. 08
. 00
4. 26
.20
.83

5.56
.08
.00
4.71
.05
.72

5.84
.13
.01
4.27
.44
1-00

5.33
. 11
.00
4.17
.23
.83

5.45
.12
.00
4. 54
.07
.72

.67
.04
.05
.19
.03
.28
.02
.05

.77
. 03
.04
. 37
. 04
. 23
. 01
. 05

.73
.06
.07
.32
.07
.16
.00
.06

1.98
.11
.17
.60
.04
.94
.03
.09

2. 17
.05
. 09
1.25
.02
.67
.01
.09

1.31
.03
.03
.90
.00
.30
.00
. 06

2.24
-12
.19
.71
.04
1.02
.04
.12

2.52
.06
. 11
1.49
.02
.73
.01
.11

1.67
.04
.04
1. 16
. 00
.35
. 00
.08

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Home management advisors
Law yers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labcr relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




160

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Petroleum
and coal
products

Misc
chemicals

Petroleum
refining

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

7.93
.26
1.35
.02
.20
.02
.22
.04
.18
.42
.19
.00
.13
.02
.43
.00
.29
1.52
.21
.85
.32
.57
.70

7. 68
.30
1.28
. 02
. 24
.01
.25
. 05
.22
. 45
. 15
.00
.13
.01
. 42
. 00
. 28
1.33
. 24
.78
. 18
. 62
.75

8.24
.45
1.16
.00
.25
.00
.33
.09
.21
.65
.13
.00
.15
.01
.28
.00
.29
1.13
.29
.98
.09
.83
.94

9.94
.27
2.06
.08
.38
.07
.24
.16
.41
.69
.39
.04
.36
.05
.42
.01
.23
.63
.54
.61
.24
.05
2.00

9. 28
.28
1.96
.08
. 41
.05
.23
. 16
.43
.65
.30
.04
.32
.05
.44
.01
. 18
.61
.53
.44
. 15
.05
1.93

8.22
.36
1.90
.06
.36
.00
.23
. 18
.23
.51
.23
.01
.23
.05
.37
.01
.08
.81
.36
.19
.11
.03
1.92

10.01
.23
2.05
.10
.43
.07
.17
.13
.46
.69
.42
.05
.39
.06
.38
.01
.25
.42
.61
.58
-25
.04
2.20

9.37
.24
1.94
.10
.46
.05
.16
.13
.50
.65
.33
.05
.35
.06
.39
.01
.20
.41
.60
.43
.15
.04
2.13

8.27
.29
1.88
.08
.39
.00
. 12
. 14
. 30
.53
.26
.01
.27
.07
. 32
.01
. 10
.56
.40
. 22
. 08
.03
2.22

15.47

14. 64

12.63

20.24

20.27

21.78

21.31

21.33

23.69

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Hoofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

2.65
.54
.06
.13
.01
.81
.10
.02
.18
.78
.00
.02
.00

2.24
. 40
. 06
.14
.01
. 72
. 08
.01
. 19
. 62
. 00
.01
. 00

1.83
.12
.07
.29
.00
.55
.09
.00
.28
.43
.00
.01
.00

4.88
.74
.08
.10
.02
1.05
.24
.00
.23
2.35
.01
.05
.01

4.53
.70
.06
.08
.03
1.03
.20
.00
. 19
2. 18
. 02
.02
.01

4.59
.58
.02
.14
.06
.97
.20
.00
.10
2.48
.02
.00
.01

5.36
.82
.08
.06
.03
1.13
.11
.00
.25
2.81
.00
.06
.00

5.03
.78
.06
.04
.04
1.14
.09
.00
.21
2.66
.00
-03
.00

5.54
.59
.03
.01
.09
1.22
.07
.00
. 12
3.40
.00
. 00
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.63

5. 55

4.36

5.4 4

5.89

6.68

5.36

5.77

6.46

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.69
.01
. 11
.05
.03
.90
.35
.11
.12

1. 51
.01
. 10
. 04
. 03
.77
.39
.09
.10

1.22
.00
.09
.01
.04
.44
.45
.09
.10

2.33
.01
.68
.00
.02
1.30
.20
.07
.06

2.39
.01
.60
.00
.01
1.43
.22
.07
.06

3.00
.00
.53
.00
.01
1.95
.27
.15
.10

2.40
-01
.83
.00
.01
1.35
.09
.07
.04

2.49
.01
.75
.00
.01
1.52
.09
.06
.05

3. 38
.00
.78
.00
.01
2.33
. 09
.08
.09

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.81
.12
.01
.01
.31
.00
.00
2.87
.02
.01
.00
.02
.45

4. 19
. 14
. 01
.01
.28
. 00
.00
3.26
. 03
.01
. 00
.02
.45

4.68
.14
.01
.01
.27
.00
.00
3.o5
.04
.01
.00
.03
.52

4.22
.17
.01
.00
.47
.01
.01
2.26
.08
.02
.03
.02
1.15

4.71
.24
.01
.00
.46
.01
.01
2.66
.08
.02
.03
.02
1. 18

5.50
.29
.01
.00
.57
.02
.01
3.39
.05
.05
.03
.03
1.07

4.31
.19
.01
.00
.47
.01
.01
2.09
.08
.02
.03
.02
1.39

4.80
.27
.01
.00
.45
.01
.01
2.45
.08
.02
.02
.02
1.46

5. 74
.31
.01
.00
. 58
.02
.01
3. 11
.06
.07
.02
. 04
1.51

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.25
.12
.05
.08

.21
.09
. 04
.09

.07
.00
.00
.07

.12
.06
.01
.05

.13
.06
.01
.06

.11
.06
.00
.06

.13
.06
.00
.07

.14
.06
.00
.07

. 16
.08
.00
.08

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.14
.01
.03
.08
.01

. 11
. 01
. 04
.05
. 01

.04
.01
.02
.00
.01

.11
.01
.01
.08
.02

. 10
.01
.01
.07
.01

.05
.01
.01
.04
.00

. 14
.01
.01
.09
.02

.13
.01
.02
.09
.01

. 08
.01
.01
.06
.00

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messenyers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heal estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




161

Table 1. Eercent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
chemicals

Petroleum
and coal
products

Petroleum
refining

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.31
.02
.01
-33
.12
.01
.71
.10

. 83
. 02
.01
.22
. 11
. 01
.35
. 11

.44
.00
.00
.15
.07
.00
.03
.19

3.13
.01
.00
.48
.15
.00
2-17
-32

2.53
-01
.00
.40
. 16
.00
1.71
.26

1.84
.00
.00
.57
.15
.00
1.01
. 12

3.61
.01
.00
.47
.18
.01
2.55
.39

2.98
.01
.00
.39
.20
.00
2.05
.33

2.35
. 00
.00
.56
.21
. 00
1.40
. 17

34.13

33.90

34.88

25.74

26. 17

28.27

23.82

24.21

25.75

29.63

29. 53

30.57

21.03

21.49

21.87

20.31

21.04

22.65

1.40
.06
.06
.0^
.15
.08
.06
.11
.04
.80

1. 35
.05
. 07
. 04
. 11
. 09
. 05
. 11
. 03
. 80

1.49
.06
.09
.07
.12
.08
.07
.17
.00
.83

1.55
.04
.00
-02
.09
.00
.02
.03
.00
1.36

1.52
.02
.00
.01
.06
.00
.01
.02
.00
1.40

1.66
.01
.00
.01
.04
.00
.00
.01
.00
1.60

1.67
.04
.00
.01
.09
.00
.02
.02
.01
1.49

1.64
.03
.00
.01
.06
.00
.01
.02
.00
1.52

1.85
.01
.00
.01
.05
.00
.00
.01
.00
1.78

.09
.03
.05

. 10
. 04
. 06

.18
.08
.10

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, exaniners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

4.66
2.1 1
.06
2.49

3. 88
1 93
.
.05
1 90
.

2.84
1.95
.00
.89

2.01
1.38
.0 3
.60

2. 13
1.46
. 04
.64

3.02
1.85
.06
1. 1 1

1.76
1.46
.02
.28

1.90
1.59
.02
.29

2.75
2.31
.03
.41

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

23.49
. 11
2.51
.32
.24
.00
.31
.04
.01
.01
.06
.03
.06
.19
2-97
.10
.39
-04
.04
.01
.12
.21
.85
.12
10.18
4.60

24. 20
. 15
2. 71
.26
.27
. 00
. 34
. 03
.01
.01
. 06
. 02
. 06
. 19
3. 12
. 07
. 36
. 04
. 05
. 01
. 12
. 17
.46
. 13
10. 43
5. 16

26.07
.11
3.57
.15
.37
.00
.48
.01
.01
.01
.09
.02
.07
.29
3.67
.01
.55
.02
.10
.0 1
.08
.18
.16
.20
9.86
6.04

17.47
.44
.23
.01
.13
.00
.21
.02
.00
.01
.03
.06
.00
.00
1.02
.23
.41
.05
.01
.14
.02
.02
.92
.07
10.14
3.31

17.85
.56
.31
.01
.13
.00
.21
.02
.00
.01
.02
.04
.00
.00
1.01
.20
. 32
.05
.01
.09
.03
.01
.63
.07
10.49
3.63

17.20
.37
.67
.00
.13
.01
.20
.01
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.97
.22
.25
.05
.00
.05
. 10
.03
.63
.08
10.00
3.41

16.88
-52
.13
.01
.10
.00
.09
.01
.00
.00
.01
.06
.00
.00
.56
.19
.40
.06
.00
.17
.00
.00
.87
.01
10.40
3.29

17.49
.68
.18
.01
.09
.00
-09
.01
.00
.00
.01
.04
.00
.00
.55
.14
.31
.06
.00
.11
.00
.00
.59
.01
10.89
3.72

18.05
.46
.38
.00
.07
.00
.07
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.55
.05
.23
.07
.00
.07
. 00
. 00
.59
.00
11. 35
4. 14

4.50
.00
.45
1.55
.03
.01
.02
.17
2.26

4. 3 7
.00
. 38
1. 80
. 02
.02
. 02
.10
2. 03

4.3 1
.00
.30
1.97
.01
.04
.04
.01
1.94

4.71
.01
.61
1.04
.00
.00
.04
.09
2.91

4.68
.01
.58
1.24
.00
.00
.05
.05
2.75

6.40
.00
.84
1.62
.00
.00
.07
.00
3.86

3.51
.01
.59
.36
.00
.00
.05
.10
2.39

3.18
.01
.55
.41
.00
.00
.06
.06
2.09

3. 10
.00
.75
.46
.00
.00
.10
.00
1.79

3.24

2. 95

2.75

2.36

1.95

1.18

2.38

1.97

1.26

1.94
. 19
1.75

1.75
.20
1.55

1.50
.22
1.28

1.44
.16
1.28

1. 16
.15
1.01

.55
.08
.47

1.41
.16
1.25

1.12
.15
.98

.55
.09
.46

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pouters
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled textile operatives
Spinners, twisters, winders
Other textile operatives

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




162

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
chemicals

Petroleum
and coal
products

Petroleum
refining

1970

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.14
.01
.07
.00
.00
.01
.05

. 11
.01
. 04
. 00
.00
.01
. 05

.13
.03
.01
.00
.00
.01
.09

.21
.00
.08
.02
.04
.05
.04

. 18
.00
.06
.01
.05
.04
.02

.23
.00
.06
.00
. 12
.04
.01

.24
.00
.09
.02
.03
.06
.04

.20
.00
.08
.01
.05
.04
.02

.27
.00
.09
.01
. 11
.06
.01

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

.01
.01

.01
. 01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.05
.02
.01
.02

.05
.02
.01
.01

.04
.02
.01
.01

.06
.01
-03
.02

.04
.01
.02
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.07
.01
.04
.03

.05
.01
.02
.02

.02
.01
.01
.01

1.11
.07
1.04
.00

1. 04
. 06
. 98
.00

1.07
.05
1.02
.00

.64
.04
.59
.01

.57
.03
.53
.01

.38
.02
.36
.00

.66
.04
.60
.01

.59
.04
.55
.01

.42
.03
.39
.00

5.58
.02
. 11
2.61
.00
.13
.01
.04
.87
.03
.19
.45
1.13

5. 44
. 02
.09
2.56
. 00
. 14
. 00
. 06
.97
. 02
.21
. 40
.98

6.22
.01
.07
3.08
.00
.17
.00
.10
1.05
.01
.28
.34
1.12

4.00
.12
.65
1.82
.02
. 13
.05
.00
.17
.00
.28
.41
.35

3.66
.11
.57
1.72
.02
. 14
.05
.00
. 17
.00
.23
.37
.30

3.53
.22
.49
1.68
.03
.13
.07
.00
.09
.00
.08
.46
.29

3.22
.08
.63
1.29
.00
.14
.06
.00
.10
.00
.33
.32
.28

2.90
.08
.59
1.18
.00
.14
.06
.00
.10
.00
.27
.25
.23

2.58
. 13
.65
1.08
.00
. 15
. 10
.00
.05
.00
. 10
. 12
.20

Protective service workers
F irefighters
Guards
Police and detectives
Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




163

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc petroleum, coal
products
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Rubber
and misc
plastics

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Rubber

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

8.97

9. 01

7.70

6.86

6.65

5.72

7.78

8.02

7.37

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

2.08
.39
.12
.10
.56
.39
.08
.04
.25
. 17

1. 89
.34
. 07
. 13
.55
. 38
. 06
.03
. 18
. 16

1.74
-21
.00
.24
.43
.47
.00
.00
.17
.23

2.00
.34
.04
.10
.59
.40
.00
.00
.11
.41

1.78
.30
.03
.08
.57
.36
-00
.00
. 09
. 34

1.61
.25
.04
.06
.50
.37
.00
.00
.09
.31

2.21
.40
.05
.12
.69
.41
.00
.00
.09
.44

2.09
.40
.04
.11
.71
.38
.00
.00
.07
.39

2. 11
.41
. 04
.09
.66
.41
.00
.00
. 08
.41

Life and physical scientists
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers
Other life,physical scientists

1.59
.00
1.54
.06
.00
.00

1.47
.00
1 43
.
.04
. 00
. 00

1.15
.00
1.11
.04
.00
.00

.51
.00
.49
.00
.01
.01

.42
.01
.39
. 00
.01
.00

.31
.01
.29
.00
.01
.00

.74
.01
.70
.00
.01
.01

.72
.02
.68
.00
.01
.01

.64
.03
.60
.00
.01
.01

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

2.50
1.73
.23
.07
.21
.00
.03
.24

2. 48
1.73
. 19
.05
. 24
.00
. 02
-24

2.17
1.50
.19
.01
.19
.00
.02
.26

1.86
-29
.34
.03
-11
.02
.00
1.06

1.77
.29
.30
.03
.12
.02
.00
1.01

1.67
.28
.33
.02
.10
.02
.00
.92

2.01
.29
.30
.02
.13
.01
.00
1.25

2.02
.31
.26
.02
.17
.01
.00
1.25

2.04
.33
. 30
.03
.18
.01
.00
1. 18

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.05
.05

. 03
. 03

.01
.01

.07
.06

.06
.06

.08
.08

.09
.09

.09
.09

. 10
. 10

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Radiologic technologists,tech

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.03
.00
.00
.03

.02
. 00
. 00
. 02

.00
.00
.00
.00

.07
.01
.01
.06

. 08
.01
.00
.06

.09
.01
.00
.07

.11
.02
.01
.07

.13
.03
.01
.09

. 12
.03
.01
.08

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

. 18
.08
.07
.02

.23
. 09
. 10
. 04

.18
.08
.08
.02

.24
.17
.06
.01

.26
. 17
.07
.02

.20
.12
.06
.02

.36
.26
.08
.02

.41
.28
.11
.03

.28
. 18
.07
.02

Social scientists
Economists

.15
.15

. 24
.24

.31
.31

.10
.10

. 14
. 14

.10
.10

.10
.10

. 13
.13

. 10
. 10

Teachers
Adult education

.03
.03

. 03
.03

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.03
.03

.03
.03

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.25
.00
.08
.00
.00
.00
.17
.00

. 29
. 00
.07
.00
. 00
.00
.23
. 00

.27
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.27
.00

.35
.00
.19
-02
.06
.02
.04
.02

.39
.00
.22
.02
.07
.01
.05
.02

.29
.01
.15
.03
.03
.02
.04
.01

.33
.01
.14
.04
.03
.03
.06
.02

.37
.01
.16
.05
.04
.02
.07
.02

.33
.01
. 15
.05
.02
.02
.06
.01

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians




164

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Misc petroleum, coal
products

Rubber
and misc
plastics

Rubber

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.11
1.46
.03
.16
.20
.25

2.30
1.60
. 08
. 22
.21
. 20

1.87
1.32
.10
.20
.15
.1 1

1.62
.92
.03
.20
.39
.08

1.72
1. 01
.04
. 23
.39
.06

1.35
. 94
.02
- 13
.23
.03

1.79
1.00
.05
.27
.37
.10

2-00
1.14
.08
.33
.37
.08

1.64
1.11
.05
.20
.24
.05

11.23

13. 12

14.96

6.29

7. 26

7.00

4.76

5.27

5.21

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

2.01
.07
.25
.71
.99

1 78
.
.07
. 14
.57
1.00

1.60
.05
.13
.39
1.04

1.25
. 15
.08
.40
.62

1.16
. 16
.04
.34
.63

1.09
.15
.03
.30
.62

1.16
.14
. 12
.37
.53

1.08
. 15
.06
.32
.55

1. 14
. 17
.04
.31
.61

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
fiestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

9.22
.89
.02
.00
8.31

11.35
. 88
.01
. 00
10.45

13.36
.92
.00
.00
12.44

5.04
.27
.00
.01
4.75

6. 10
.28
.00
.01
5.81

5.91
.26
.00
.01
5.64

3.61
.19
.00
.01
3.40

4.20
. 17
.00
.01
4.01

4.08
. 11
.00
.01
3.96

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

4.33
.00
4.33

4.34
. 00
4. 34

4.96
.00
4.96

1.71
.01
1.70

1.75
.02
1.74

2.16
.02
2.15

1.66
.01
1.65

1.69
.01
1.68

2.04
.01
2.03

16.44

15.33

14.41

1 1.74

10.84

10.18

12.02

11.40

10.90

5.91
4.70
.19
1.02

5. 55
4.63
.08
.84

5.78
5.05
.01
.72

3.58
2.78
.06
.73

3.42
2. 77
.04
.60

3.61
3.04
.04
.53

3.34
2.52
.07
.76

3.21
2.53
.05
.62

3.64
3.03
.09
. 53

.89
.09
.07
.15
.00
.59
.00
.00

. 82
. 03
.03
. 35
.00
. 42
.00
. 00

.54
.01
.00
.35
.00
.18
.00
.00

.87
.07
.05
.22
.02
.46
.02
.05

.79
.03
.03
.38
.01
.29
.01
.05

.42
.01
.03
.23
.01
.11
.00
.03

1.14
1.14
.02
.06
.07
.09
.30
.56
.01
.01
.43
.61
.00
.01 •
.05
.05

.58
.01
.07
.29
.01
. 18
.00
.03

9.64
.42
2-11
.00
.17
.05
.54
.25
.17
•66
.26
.24
.00
.62
.16
1.52
.24
.72
.23
.10
1.18

8. 96
. 44
2. 03
.00
.21
.04
.52
.24
. 17
.63
.20
. 21
.00
.63
. 10
1.35
.27
.47
. 17
.09
1. 18

8.09
.52
1.94
.00
.28
.00
.46
.27
.09
.47
.16
.17
.00
.46
.03
1.35
.29
.13
.19
.04
1.27

7.28
.20
1.17
.04
.10
.00
. 18
.01
.18
.64
.16
.11
.03
.40
.22
1.78
.26
.87
.12
.15
.67

6.63
.20
1. 13
.04
.09
.00
. 17
.01
. 18
.59
.13
.09
.03
.38
.18
1.68
.26
.67
.07
.13
.61

6.15
.24
1.01
.04
.07
.00
. 17
.01
.08
.55
. 13
.07
.04
.31
.08
1.94
.24
.48
.05
.07
.56

7.54
.23
1.01
.05
.12
.00
.24
.02
.20
.77
.16
.13
.00
.49
.14
1.55
.38
1.03
.11
.16
.75

15.74

16.31

17.66

14.64

15.67

17.45

12.78

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
ifeighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




165

7.05
.24
.95
.04
.11
.00
.24
.02
.20
.78
.14
.12
.00
.52
.12
1.42
.41
.87
.07
.14
.6613.72

6.68
. 30
.85
.03
.04
.00
.25
.03
. 10
.87
. 16
. 10
.00
.46
.07
1.65
.39
.74
.07
.08
.51
17.07

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Misc petro—
leum, coal
products

Rubber
and misc
plastics

Rubber

197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finisuers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

2.87
.36
.07
.27
.00
.70
.80
.00
.14
.43
.07
.00
.03

2.63
.41
. 05
. 26
. 00
. 65
.64
. 00
. 11
.41
.08
.00
. 03

2.54
.54
.00
.43
.00
.44
.49
.00
.05
.51
.06
.00
.04

1.60
.23
.02
.06
.01
.66
.01
.01
.20
.39
.00
.01
.01

1.41
.24
.01
.05
.01
.60
.01
.01
.17
.31
.00
.00
.01

1.37
.24
.01
.07
.01
.54
.01
.01
.09
.37
.00
.00
.00

1.93
.18
.02
.12
.01
.79
.01
.01
.16
.6 1
.00
.01
.01

1.89
.19
.02
.11
.02
.82
.01
.01
.14
.56
.00
.01
.01

2. 20
.23
.01
. 17
.03
.97
.00
.02
. 12
.65
.00
.00
.01

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.78

6.34

7.18

5.53

6.23

7.28

4.79

5.32

6.48

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2.02
.08
.00
.03
1.06
.66
.00
.09
.11

2.03
. 05
.00
. 02
1. 07
.68
. 00
. 12
. 09

2.19
.00
.00
.00
1.12
.64
.00
.31
.11

2.97
.01
.00
.13
1.87
.18
.11
.07
.60

3. 14
.01
.00
. 10
2- 13
.18
.09
.05
.57

3.87
.01
.00
.06
2.79
. 19
.15
.07
.60

2.03
.02
.01
.05
1.28
.23
.07
.11
.26

2.26
.02
.01
.04
1.53
.25
.07
.09
.25

3.60
.02
.01
.04
2.66
.25
.12
. 10
.40

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.84
.09
.00
.50
.00
2.96
.09
.00
.04
.03
.13

4.37
. 15
.00
.48
. 00
3.45
. 07
. 00
.03
. 03
. 14

5.00
.23
.00
.56
.00
3.99
.02
.00
.03
.03
.14

3.61
.02
.01
.13
.02
3.15
.01
.00
.02
.00
.24

4.08
.03
.01
. 10
.01
3. 66
-01
.00
.02
.00
.23

4.08
.03
.01
. 10
.01
3.69
.01
.01
.03
.00
.20

3.12
.03
.01
.21
.01
2.53
.00
.01
.01
.00
.31

3.48
.04
.01
.19
.01
2.91
.00
.01
.01
.00
.29

3.81
.04
.02
.19
.01
3.31
.00
.02
.02
.00
.21

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.10
.07
.00
.03
.00

.08
. 05
. 00
. 03
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.40
.22
.04
.00
.13

.41
.26
.04
.00
. 10

.37
.28
.03
.00
.06

.20
.12
.01
.00
.07

.22
.13
.01
.00
.09

. 28
.13
.01
.00
. 14

Transport,public util craft wxrs
Power station operators

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.03

.03
.03

.02
.02

1.13
.00
.51
.00
.00
.00
.00
.59
.00
.03

.87
.00
-43
. 00
.00
.00
. 00
. 42
. 00
.02

.75
.00
.57
.00
.00
.00
.00
.17
.00
.01

.51
.02
.07
.01
.03
.01
.10
.20
.01
.06

.39
.03
. 05
.01
.03
.01
.03
. 17
.01
.05

.47
.02
.08
.01
.03
.01
.05
.20
.02
.05

.67
.00
.09
.00
.04
.02
.20
.21
.02
.08

.51
.00
.08
.00
.05
.02
.07
.20
.01
.07

.68
.00
. 12
.00
. 06
.02
. 11
.27
.02
.06

33.78

33. 51

33.71

52.22

52.32

53.05

52.96

53.01

52.29

24.04

23. 21

20.20

49.92

49.99

50.09

50.21

50.11

48.78

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

1.05
.03
.04
.09
.00
.00
.05
.00
.86

1. 05
.02
. 03
.05
.00
.00
.03
.00
.93

1.24
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
1.20

1.84
.21
.12
.43
.04
. 10
.55
.02
.37

1.47
. 14
.08
.28
.04
. 07
.45
. 02
.38

1.11
.06
.05
.20
.02
.05
.32
.00
.43

1.56
.13
.12
.44
.02
.08
.43
.00
.35

1.29
.10
.09
.30
.01
.05
.37
.00
.36

1.21
.08
.06
.25
.00
.03
.38
.00
.42

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

3.05
1.04
.08
1.94

3. 00
.97
. 09
1 94
.

3.59
.86
.12
2.61

8.99
5.18
.24
3.57

9.31
5.27
.24
3.81

12.11
6.93
.33
4.85

8.14
5.84
.34
1.96

8.43
6.13
.37
1.93

11. 14
8. 10
.50
2.54

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Shoe repairers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport




166

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc petroleum, coal
products

Rubber
and misc
plastics

Rubber

1970

1978

199 0

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

19.94
.07
.65
.03
.24
.02
.00
.73
.05
.05
.11
.07
.00
2.94
.39
. 46
.00
.03
.12
.08
.00
1.10
.32
9.06
3.43

19. 17
. 12
. 80
. 03
. 25
. 02
.00
.67
.03
. 03
. 08
. 04
. 00
2. 71
. 42
. 37
.00
.03
. 16
.07
. 00
.75
.30
8.98
3.31

15.37
.16
1.31
.00
.27
.03
.00
.48
.00
.01
.02
.02
.00
1.89
.60
.28
.00
.00
.33
.09
.00
.71
.26
7.09
1.83

39.10
.02
2.99
.00
.05
.00
.01
2.45
.04
.04
.36
. 13
.01
1.19
.14
.82
.03
.05
.21
.95
.25
.19
.24
23.09
5.86

39. 21
.03
3.65
.00
. 06
.00
.01
2.25
.03
.05
.32
.06
.01
1.04
. 13
.72
.03
.05
.22
. 73
. 19
. 12
.20
23.21
6. 13

36.87
.02
4.98
.00
.06
.00
.01
2.02
.01
.06
.23
.04
.01
.87
.18
.66
.03
.03
.20
.91
.18
.14
.12
21.32
4.78

40.51
.01
1.83
.00
.03
.00
.01
3.01
.04
.03
.29
.26
.01
1.65
.23
.60
.03
.04
.12
1.36
.37
.26
.26
24.50
5.61

40.39
.01
1.97
.00
.03
.00
.01
2.94
.03
.03
.28
.15
.01
1.60
.24
.48
.03
.03
.13
1.20
.35
.19
.21
24.90
5.59

36.42
.00
2.39
.00
.02
.00
.00
2. 73
.02
.03
.32
.07
.01
1.46
.34
.38
.03
.02
.17
1.65
.41
.25
. 10
22.46
3.59

9.73
.69
3.91
.04
5.09

10. 30
.68
4.35
. 03
5. 24

13.51
1.04
4.14
.01
8.33

2.30
.16
1. 16
.08
.91

2. 34
. 14
1.20
.06
.93

2.96
.20
1.09
.05
1.62

2.75
.17
1.41
.14
1.03

2.90
.16
1.49
.14
1.10

3.51
.25
1. 19
. 10
1.97

2.25

1. 88

1.00

2.16

1.88

1.55

2.43

2.20

1.83

1.60
.18
1.43

1.29
. 15
1. 14

.55
.06
.49

1.64
.20
1.44

1.41
. 15
1.26

1.01
.07
.95

1.75
.24
1.51

1.58
.21
1.37

1.24
. 10
1. 15

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food setv wkrs,exc privt

.08
.00
.05
.00
.04

.09
.00
.07
.00
. 02

.15
.00
.14
.00
.01

.07
.02
.01
.01
.03

.06
.02
.01
.01
.01

.06
.02
.02
.02
.01

.09
.02
.02
.01
.04

.07
.02
.02
.01
.02

.04
.01
.02
.01
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.07
.02
.04
.01

.05
.01
.03
.01

.04
.01
.02
.01

.11
.03
.07
.01

.09
.02
.06
.01

.06
.01
.04
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.56
.02
.54
.00

. 50
.02
. 48
.00

.30
.02
.28
.00

.38
.00
.37
.01

.36
.00
.36
.00

.41
.00
.41
.00

.48
.00
.47
.01

.47
.00
.46
.01

.49
.00
.49
.00

7.28
.25
.75
4.07
.09
.11
.48
.09
.77
.66

6. 51
.23
. 52
3.70
.09
. 10
. 43
. 08
.81
. 56

5.59
.39
.15
2.99
.11
.09
.18
.03
1.19
.48

4.39
.01
.07
1.73
.00
.03
.54
.36
.33
1.31

3.62
.01
.06
1. 62
.01
.03
.50
.28
.33
.79

2.90
.03
.04
1.51
.01
.03
.32
.12
.45
.39

5.62
.03
.06
1.72
.00
.04
.60
.52
.38
2.27

4.69
.03
.05
1.63
.00
.04
.60
.43
.37
1.54

3.29
.06
. 04
1.58
.00
.05
.44
. 16
.44
.52

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
.Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




167

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation* 1970* 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
plastics
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Leather
products
1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Leather
tanning and
finishing
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

5.75

4.52

1.69

1.93

1.68

2.04

2.04

2.07

1.79
.28
.04
.07
.49
.39
.14
.39

1 57
.
. 24
. 03
. 06
. 48
. 35
. 10
.32

1.25
.13
.04
.04
.38
.34
.10
.24

.26
.00
.00
.00
.18
.04
.01
.03

.26
. 00
.00
.00
. 19
.04
.01
.02

.23
.00
.00
.00
.16
.05
.00
.02

.41
.00
.00
.00
.35
.00
.00
.05

.41
.00
.00
.00
.37
.00
.00
.04

.43
. 00
. 00
.00
.40
.00
.00
.04

Life and physical scientists
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

.29
.28
.01

.22
.21
.01

.07
.06
.01

.05
.05
.00

.06
.06
.00

.06
.06
.01

.38
.38
.00

.36
.36
.00

.40
.40
. 00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.0 1
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Engineering*science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering*science tech

1.71
.29
.39
.04
.09
.02
.88

1.61
. 28
.32
. 03
. 09
. 02
. 85

1.39
.24
.35
.02
.03
.02
.72

. 16
.01
.04
.01
.02
.00
.09

. 17
.01
.04
.01
.02
.00
. 10

. 18
.03
.05
.00
.02
.00
.08

.50
.05
.00
.00
.02
.00
.43

.49
.05
.00
.00
.02
.00
.42

.51
.04
. 00
. 00
.02
.00
.45

Medical workers*exc technicians
^Registered nurses

.04
.04

.04
. 04

.06
.06

.03
.03

. 03
.03

.04
.04

.02
.02

.01
.01

.00
. 00

Health technologists*technicians
Clinical lab technologists*teen

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
. 00

Technicians*except health
Other technicians except health

.04
.04

. 05
. 05

.06
.06

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

. 13
.08
.03
.01

. 16
. 09
. 05
. 02

.14
.07
.05
.02

.13
.09
.03
.01

.17
. 11
.05
.01

.17
. 10
.05
.02

.03
.03
.00
.00

.03
.03
.00
.00

. 03
.03
.00
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.10
.10

. 14
. 14

.10
.10

.02
.02

.03
.03

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Teachers
Adult educaticn

.01
.01

. 01
.01

.02
.02

.05
.05

.05
.05

-02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

Writers* artists*entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers*artists*entertarn

.38
.25
.01
.08
.01
.03
.01

. 40
. 25
. 01
.09
.01
. 03
.01

.25
.15
.02
.03
.02
.03
.02

.38
.35
.00
.01
.00
.02
.01

.47
.44
. 00
.01
.00
.02
.00

.43
.41
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00

.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.03

.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.02

.04
.00
.00
.00
-00
. 04
.00

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1.46
.34
.01
.13
.41
.07

1. 54
.93
. 02
. 16
. 40
. 04

1.14
.82
.00
.09
.23
.01

.60
.31
.02
.06
.18
.02

.68

.36
.03
.07
.20
.02

.53
.32
.02
.04
.14
.01

.64
.40
.03
.02
.11
.09

.65
.45
.03
.02
.11
.04

.65
.56
.01
.01
.07
.01

7.30

8. 56

8.30

3.98

4. 64

4.28

5.03

5.77

1.34
. 16
.05
.42
.71

1.22
. 16
. 03
.35
.69

1.06
.14
.02
.28
.62

.77
.07
.05
.35
.30

.83
.08
.03
.35
.37

.60
.05
.00
.27
.27

.57
.04
.00
.23
.30

.56
.01
.00
.20
.35

Engineers* technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

Managers* officials,proprietors
Buyers*sales,lcan managers
Bank*financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers*other
Sales manager* exc retail trade




168

CD

5.95

.77
.08
.03
. 33
.33

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Leather
products

Misc
plastics

Leather
tanning and
finishing

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

6.96
.35

7.34
.35

7.24
.37

3.21
.29

4.07
.31

3.81
.33

3.69
.34

4.46
.35

5.22
.43

2-90

3.74

3.47

3.35

4. 11

4.78

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1.77

.01

1. 80
.02

1.43

1.76

1.4 3

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,sfarters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers

.01

.01
6.86

6.99

.01

.00

.00

.00

1.81

1.99

2.36

1.08

1.78

1.80

1.97

2.34

1.08

1.11
.00
1.11

11.46

10. 47

9.65

8.83

8.88

9.11

7.74

7.44

8.31

3.83
3.05
.06
.71

3.55
2.93
.03
. 59

3.58
3.04

1.86

1. 80
1.30
.03
.47

1.85
1.41

1.30
.99
.03
.28

1.22
.01

.43

1.36
.99
.05
.32

.61
.07

.56
. 03

.30

.70

.47

1.06

.96

. 56

.14

.05
.25

.23

.01

.53

.01

1.26
.06
.54
.69
.05
.06

.01

.01

.01
.01

.13

.27

.19

.01

.12
.02

.30

. 19

.05

.34

.05

. 04

.03

.01
.10

.00
.10

7.03
.17
1.33

6. 36

5.77

6.28

.05
.09
.11

1.09
.05
.09
.25

6.38
.23
1.13
.06

.07
.32

.07
.42

.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.00

.20
1.12

.21

.15
.72
.13
.14
.59

.09
2.16
.13
.29
.04
.06
.60

16.48

16.95

17.73

13.19

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Tile setters

1.27
.28

1. 10
.27
.01

.77
.26

.29

Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices




.01

2.26
.03
2.23

. 17
1.24
. 03
. 08
. 12
. 00
. 01
. 16
.47
. 12
.07
.05
.30
.23
1. 84
. 16
.54
.08
. 12
. 57

.02

.07
.13

.00
.01

. 16
.51
.15
.08
.05
.30
.29

2.00

.00
.00
.11

.05
.07

.20

.00
.00
.20
.10
.02

.60
.18
1.59
.14
.59

.10

.03
.55

.02

.02

.00

.02
.02

.00

.00

.13

.00

.28

.00

.19

.00
.00

.00
.06
.00

.07

.53

.46

.26

5.31
.23
1.09
.14
.05

5.19
.24
1.09
.17
.06
. 12
.03

6. 17

. 26

6.80
.24
1. 17
.05
.09
.26

.08
.43
. 17
.09

.06
.43
.23
.09

.03
.15

.10
.00
.00

.02
.68

. 18
1.61
. 16
.51
.06
.03
.57

.01

.00
.00

.02
.63
.16
2.09
.16
.42
.05

.00

.12
.02
.00
.11

.07

.02
.66

. 15
.48

11.68

12.07

13.48

.61
.32

.63
.34

.76
.42

.23

.00
.09
.00
.00

.12
.00
.06
.00
.00

.05

.05

.05

.01

6.27

6. 83

7.87

4.02

4.58

4.90

5.42

3.90

3.71
. 00
. 14
2. 52
.14
. 11
.03
.77

4.06

.85

1.02
.00
.01

2.46
.13
.14
.03
.95

.84

169

.03
.53

.00
.02

.69

.17

.59
.03
. 14

.00

.02
.21
.00

.08

.07

.09

.02

.00

.07
.04
.81

.39

.28
. 13

.00

. 12

.02

.62

.12
.00
.11
.00
.00

.07
2.89
.14
.17
.05
.74

.00
.01

.05

.02

12.78

.00

.03
.13
.07
.06
.03
.73
.13
1.49
.04

.14
.23
.37

.21

.00
.01
.00

.00
.20

.00

. 29
1.35
.26
.07
. 13
.03

.12
.00
.02
.01

.14
1.49
.06

.00
.01
.00

.07

.00
.01

.26

.01

.00
.01
.00

.01

. 18
. 01
. 15

.36

.11

.01
.18
.00

.00
.22
.02
.01

.45
. 01

1.59

.23

.00
.25
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00

.01
.53
.01
.01
.24
.01
.17
.01

.00

.00

.03
.27

0
0

Crafts and kindred workers

.01

N
)
•
*■
=

Clerical workers

.01
6.10

.95
.03

.00
.68
.12
.00
.00
.12

.12
.21

2. 19

.00
.27
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00

.00
.34
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

5.92

7.02

.95

1.20
.01
.00

.02
.00

.72
.08

.95

.00
.00

.02
.00
.00

.13

.23

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
plastics

Leather
products

Leather
tanning and
finishing

1970

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices
Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices
Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

4.10

4. 48
. 02
. 05
. 02
4. 15
. 01
. 03
. 19

4.28

1.14

1.39

1.58

2.09

2.55
. 00

.01

3.97

1.08

1.32

1.53

.00
.00

2.27

2.53

.06

. 00
.06

.00
.00
.00
2.00
.00
.00

2.34

.03

.00
.01
.00

.04

.09

.07

.15

.15
.15

.14
.14

.02

.06

.02

3.76

.01

.04
.18
.59

.00

.32
.07

.20

.35
.05
.04

.01
.01
.00
.01
.18
.00
.01

.02

.02

.04

.20

. 53
. 00
. 34
.07
. 12

.44

.00

.38
.05

.01

.31
. 04
. 04
. 01

.32
.04
.05

.02
.01
.00
.00

.01

. 00

.01

.14

. 10

-01
.04
.00

.01
.05
.00

.02
.06
.00

.03

.04

.07

.00
.00
.00

6.81

5.27

4.90

2.47

.01
.01
.00
.02

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.12

.01

.03
.85

.01

.04
1.08

.04
.07
.04

.09
.04

.08
.05

.01

. 10
.06

.00

.24
.04

2.41

.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.02

.31
.31
. 00

.00

.00

2.09

1.65

.09
.03
.09

- 11
.00
. 17

.07
.05
1.24

.00

.01
.00
.10

.00

.01
.00
.00

.03

.04

4.21

4. 24

3.61

1.81

.05
.07
1.65

51.49

51. 88

53.61

66.25

65.74

65.91

58.42

59.32

56.92

49.64

49.90

51.05

65.60

65. 00

64.94

56.09

56.81

53.26

1.04
.05
.04
.17
.03
.06
.27

.58
.03

.49

.37

.74

.60

.00
.02

2. 1 1

.04
.39

1. 59
. 17
. 08
. 27
. 06
. 09
.50
.03
. 39

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

9.83
4.53
.14
5.16

9. 89
4.70
.15
5.04

12.82
6.07

37.70
.03
4.13
.07

38. 43
. 04
4. 74
. 07
. 01
1. 80
. 04
. 06
. 34
. 01

37.19
.03




.08

.00

.00
.01
.00

. 16
. 00
. 01
. 03

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling roach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station attea
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.00
.00

.00
.01
.00

.28
. 11
-42
.06
.13

.68

.01

1.90
.05
.05
.43

.01
.01
.00

.74
.05
1.04

.02

.07
.30
.54
.13

.12
.22
21.68
6.11

.00

.43

.21

6.55

.01

.02
.01

.06
.05

.04
.04

.02

.01

.28
.05
.09

.23
.04
. 10

5.74
2.58
.46
2.71

6.02

59.27

58. 49
. 00
2.99
. 02
.09
2.70

.01

.00
.02
.12
2.51
.00

.08
.16

.23
.35

6.88
.08
.02

1.50

.01
.02
.00

.01
.00

.67
. 05
. 87
.03
. 06
.28
. 42
. 08
. 08
.20
22. 10
6. 49

.01

.44
.06
.87
.04
.03

2.41

.00
.01

.06

.12

.03
.36

.01

.02

.85
.09
15.58
20.16

.06
.14
20.49
5.66

.03
8.83
7.33

.21

.37

170

.21

2.78
.48
2.76

.00

.25
.31

.00

. 01
.05
. 13
.03
. 33
. 01

.88

.09
14. 21
18.02
. 15
.03
9.71
8.49

.01
.00
.03
.01
.00
.15

.02

.12

.02
.02
.10
.28
.03
.03
.04

.02
.01

.05

.21
-02
.02

.42

.01
.01
.01
.06
.00
.01
.00

. 14

.22

.04
.23

7.36
3.45
.41
3.51

3.63
.82
2.30
.51

3.65
.87
2.31
.48

4. 18
1. 14
2. 53
.51

57.22

51.72

52.56

48.67

.00
4.71
.01
.07
2.83

.00

.26

.21
.01
.00

.07

.11

.05
.38

.01

.90
. 10
17.84
12.93
.16

.01

9.07
7.48

.00
.56
.00

.09
3.43

.00
1.66
.49
.00
.02
.00
.76

.10

.26
.09
.04
.05

1.66

.04
.65
.04
18.50
23.28

.00
.68
.00

.05
3.39

.00

1.71
.31

.00
.02
.00

.81
.09
.17
. 11
.03
.06
1.50
.04
.44
.04
18.62
24.51

.33

.00
.00
.02

1.14

3.50
. 00
2. 07
.06
. 00

.01
.00

1. 04
.07

.00

. 19

.00

. 10
2.25

.00

.42

.00

16.78
21.04

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Mi sc
plastics

Leather
products

1970

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bail vehicle operators, other
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1.86
.00

1.97

2.56

.00

.66
.00

.00

.15
.90

. 13

.16

.08

.08
.27

.00
.01

.00

1.00
.00

.74

Leather
tanning and
finishing
1990

1970

1978

1990

.97

2.33

2.52

3.66

.28

.15
.94

.15
1.08

. 18
1.24
.03

.04

1.21

.01
2.20

.00
.10

.02

1.02
.00
.01

.22
.00
.02

1.37

.33

.36

.58

.05
1.15

.00
.02

.00
.02

.02

.02

.02

.01

.79

. 01
. 82

1.89

1.67

1.34

1.52

1.44

1.17

2.14

1.92

1.54

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.52
.15
1.37

1 30
.
. 12
1. 18

.84
.04
.80

.95
.14
.81

.89
. 15
.75

.64

1.51
.23
1.27

.20
1.11

1.31

.91
.07
.84

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.05

.05
. 02
. 01

.08
.03

.06
.03

.05
.03

.04
.03

. 10

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Service workers

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.02
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.01
.01
.01

.03

Protective service workers
Guards

.28
.28

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers


34- 3-8 9 9 0
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ - 81 - 12
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

.11

.53

.02
.02
.01

.01
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

. 01

.04
.04

.05
.05

.05
.05

.03

.03

.01
.01
.01

.10
.01
.09
.00

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.09

.08

.09

.07

.03

.29
. 28

.35
.35

.35
.35

.35
.35

.30
.30

.54
.54

.54
.54

.59
.59

3.16

2. 92

2.60

2.74
.03

2.71
.03

2.35
.04

12.63

11.07

10.49

.07
1.74

. 06
1. 61
. 01

.04
1.46

.92

.06
3.21

.04
3.13

3.64

.57
.05
. 13
.62

.04
.16
.17
.18
8.82

.04
.14
.13

.00

.01
.02

.48
. 19
.29
.36

.01

. 01

.01
.01
.01
.01

.00

.00

.02

.02
.02

. 44
. 17
.30
. 31

.23
.09
.45
.29

171

.01

.92

. 10

.00

.01

.93

.00
.01

.00
.01

.61

.67
. 10
. 10
. 86

.11

.09
.95

.00
.00
.01
.10

.08

.00

.01

.00
.01

.09

.00

.00

.00

.07

.00

.00
.00

.20
7.38

.03

.00

.00
.01

.00

.04
. 06
.04
.34
6. 37

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Footwear,
except
rubber
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

All other
leather
products
1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00
1.36

1. 57

Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemica1
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

.21
.00
.00
.00
.01

.21

.16

. 16

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 02
. 00
. 00
. 02
. 00

.08

. 08
. 01
. 02

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians
Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

.02
.00
.02

.01

.03

.00
.01
.00

1.26
.18

1970

1978

Transportation, other
public util
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
2.62
.36

2.86
.33

. 00

.00

8.35

.29

1.76

1.72

2. 15

.18
1. 17
.08
.15

1.57
.07
. 15

.09

.09

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.18

. 16
. 12

.03

.03

.02

.10

.06

.06

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.02
.01

.08

.08

.06

.06

.07

.04

.04

.03

.04
.03

.03
.03

.03

.93
.03
.29
.39

1.00
.03
.26
.46

1. 14
.04
.29
.52

.08
.14

.08
. 16

. 08
.19

.03

.03

.00
.00
.02
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00

. 00
. 00

.12
.04
.03

.00

.04

. 04

Medical workers,exc technicians
fiegistered nurses

.03
.03

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

. 01

.00
.00

.02

.01
.01

.07

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.30

.28
. 00
.08

.00

.00

.09

.02

.02

.05

.06

.23

.08

.01

.04

.04

.14

.13

.00
.10

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.04
.04

.06
.06

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Flight engineers
Hadio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

. 01
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.13

.10
.02
.00

. 16
. 12
. 04

.15

Social scientists
Economists

.02
.02

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.08
.08

Writers,artists,entertainers
Actors
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Radio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain

.27




.02
.02
.21

.04
.04

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01

1.15
.08
.15

.02
.02

.00
.02

.02

. 00

.00

.26

.02
.02
.22

. 18
. 10

.00

.00
.00

100.00 100.00 100.00
7.44

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00

1990

6.73

.13
.03

.00

1978

2.40

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

1970

.01

.03

.03

.00

.02
. 00

.00
.00
.02
.00

.00

.03

.12
.00

.02

.05

. 03
. 03

.02
.02

.04
.04

.04
.04

. 08
. 08
. 00

.02
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.98

.01

.02
.01
.01

.28
.19
.08

.23
.08

.84

.01
.00

1.08
.72
.13
.16

. 24
. 10
. 10
.04

.27

.07

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.18
.09
.07

. 34

-02
.10

.00

.07

.01

.01
.00

.01

.02

.02
.02
1.26

.88

.08
. 19

.00
.10

.36

.01

.02
.01

.01
.00

.02

.01

.03

.02
.01
.01

1.39
1.05
. 10
. 13

.00

. 12

.01

.22
.12
.02

.45
.26
. 17
.02

.02
.02
.00
.00
.00

.07
.07

.11
.11

.11

.07

.04

.06

.03

.02
.01
.02

.10

.01

.01

. 11

.00
.00

. 00
.32
. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.82

1.06

1.27

1.50

.25

.00

.79

.92

.79

.05

.07
.26

.03
.08
.38

.03
.04
.18
.40

.03
.04
.23
.45
.13

.07
.26
.50
.13

.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

172

.00
.00
.02
.00
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00
.03

.00

.03

.00
.00

.00
.00
.02
.00
.02
.00
.00

.01
.02

.20
.01

.10

.02
.02
.01

.02

.01
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Footwear *
except
rubber

Transporta­
tion, other
public util

All other
leather
products

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

•53
.30
•00

.61
.35

.43
.29

.79
.31

.87
.35

.69
.34

1.35
.77

1.52

1.44

.07

.05
.16

.01

.07
. 16
. 01

.04
.09

.06
.07
.36

.09
.39

. 08
.09
.32

.00

•00

.01

.00
. 00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.04

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.10

.11

.00

.30
.04

.32

.03
.06
.25

.02

.01

.01
.02
.02
.02

.86
.01
.02
.02
.11
.02

.88
.01
.03
.01
.01

2.90

3.46

3.02

7.38

8.45

7.51

7.99

9.34

9. 15

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.60
.06
.05
.30

. 58
. 06
.03
. 28

.57
.05

1.40
.13

1.38
.15
.06
.51
.65

.52
.08
.03
.19

.49
.07

.49
.05

.54
.63

1.32
.14
.06
.49
.64

.22

.16
.24

. 15
.27

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Railroad conductors
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

2.30

2. 88
.00

2.45

5.98

7.13

6. 13
.00

7.47

8.85

.01

8.66
.02

.25

.27
. 00

.25

.41

.42
. 00

.46

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.46
.49
.80

.01

.47
.41
.63

.50
.32
.61

Managers,officials,proprietors

.20

.00

.00
.00
.02

.02
.28
.22

.22

.00

.10

.00

.00

.01

.02

.01

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

2.18

5.57

6.70

5.68

5.70

7.32

7.20
1.34
.55

.00

.01

.01

2.03

. 02
2.59

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

1.60

1.76

1.93
.03

2.78

2.91

3.38

.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.95
.23

.01

1.02
.35
.01

1.59

1.74

1.90

2.78

2.91

3.38

.71

.67

.76

Clerical workers

8.23

8. 42

8.24

11.18

10.63

10.95

23.00

21.25

20.21

1.71

1.66
.01

1.60

2.55

2.36

2.38

3.54

3.45

1.16

1.81

1.91

2.07

.06
.54

.42

.04
.63

.53

.46

1.23

.02
2.21
.11
1.11

3.97

1 15
.
. 03
.48

.00
1.88

.64
.05
.05
. 11

.68

.48

.00
.00

.88

.03
.23

.68
.02
.02

.86

. 03
.04
.27

.07
.05

.28

.23

.03
.03
.45

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.01
.00

.01
1.1 1

.02

.02
.00

.35

.00

.00

.02

.01

.02
.28
.00

.05

.01

.05

.16

.00

.03

173

.69
.04
.04
.14

.01
.36
.01
.10

.00
.00

.00
.02

.01

.25

.00
.10

.00

.00
.43

.02

.22

.01
.10
.00

.22
.02
.46
.02

.01
.31
.00

.09

.04

.03

.02

.02

2.72
.05
1. 19
.74
.03

.02

.50

.01

. 16

.00
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Footwear t
except
rubber

All other
leather
products

Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

5.88

6.16

7.94
.25
1.90
.03
.09

7.59
.26
1.81

8.14
.28
1.85
. 11

16.93
.39
1.60
.47
.49

15.50
.40

. 10

18.60
.36
1.63
.44
.46
.24
.60
.75
.19
.34
.19
.07
.74
.32

.24
.63
.77
.18
.29
.18
.07
.69
.35
.19
.70
.87
.38
.04
.18
2.96
1.87
.03
3.24

.03
3.07

.20

.21

.85
.05
.09

.87
. 05
. 10
. 00
.25

.80
-05
.09

.00

.00

.24

.36

.36

.33

. 09
.54
. 16
.09

.07
.63
.17
.08

.07
.29
.26

.07
.24
.24
. 11
.05

.04
.38

.57
.25
2.39
. 13
.53

.61
.24
3.03
.15
.41

.00

.23

.00

.07
.49
.18
.09

.01
.00

.63
.16
1.32
. 16
.62

.00
.00
.10
.00
.01

.22

.00

.01
.00

.71
. 15
1.33
. 18
. 56
. 00
. 00
.07

.01
.00

.62

.12

1.59
.19
.47

.50
.28
2.48

.12

.00

.11
.10

.04

.00

.12

.21
.66

.11

.00

.04
.38

.03
.44

12. 61

13.09

11.90

12.26

12.05

21.72

21.18

21. 11

.21

.16
.09

.37
.14

. 34
. 13

.25

2.12

2.03
.29

2.02

.14
.83
.17
.14
.42

. 14
.81
. 17

.23
.09

. 10
. 00
. 00
. 07

.00
.00
.02
.00

.00

.03
. 01

.05

.64

.00
.00
.08
.00

.00
.00

.03

.00
.00

.12
.00
.00

.09

.09

.09

.14

. 11

.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

.05

.29

.02

.02

.16
.81

.20

.17
.45

.00

.01
.00

3.59

4. 14

4.32

4.90

5.31

5.59

2.70

.78

.80

.91

.98

.96

.51

.50

.08

.13

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02

.00

.00
.10
.00

.00
.08
.00

04

.05

.17

. 14

.15

.00
.30
.02
.00
.08
.01

1.27
. 00

1.46

1.19

1.36

1.61

5.54

.00

.05

.

. 01

.00
.00
.01

.53
. 03
. 19

.55
.04
.26

. 00

.00

1.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.03

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.07
.04

.02

.08
.05
.03

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

1.20
.00
.00
.02
.89
.00
. 14
.00

.00
.00
.02
.49
.02
.21
.00

.98

.68

.32
.17
.76
.79
.25

.04
.38

.00
.01

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
fiadio, television repairers
fiailroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices




.05

.00

.00

.51
.50
.09
.26
.59
.53
. 18
.32
. 16
.04

.74

.07

.00

13.76

.01
.00

.11

.00

.00

1.66

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

. 01
.67

.03

.00

.01

.01

.85
.53
.05
.23
4.43
1.87
.04
3.27

.62

.00
.00
.10
.00

.01

.02

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.05
.69

.11

.53

.02

2.83
.60

.01
.21
.00
.30
.02

.03
1.56

1.48

1.49

.57
.81

.69
.78

.01

.02
.86
.68
.02

.17
.99
.42

.14
.73
.39

. 17
.57
.29

.04

.06
.03
.03

8.24
1.75
.78
.17
.28
4.30
.97

7.77

. 12

.04

.05
.07

.18
.04
.14

.04

.08
.03

.13
.04
.09

..01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

8.53
1-63

174

.01

5.42
. 16
1. 14

.12

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.24

5.38
.15
.97

.16

. 00

1.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
1.55
.00
.00
.00
.00

1.88

.11
.88

.11

1.41

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01

.01

.09
2.21

.00
.02
.00
.06
.01

.04

.01

. 01

.07
.64

.02

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
1.23
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

. 00
1 23
.

.00
.00

.02
CD

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1970

•

Crafts and kindred workers

1990

NJ

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,otner
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Meter readers,utilities
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telegraph messengers
Telegraph operators
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Weighers
Misc clerical workers

1978

CD

197 0

O'
•
o

Transporta­
tion, other
public util

.01

.01

.02
.01

.68

.35
.25
4.64
.98

.26

.02
.01

.02
.02

.00
.04

.01

.02

1.66

.77
.06
.18
4.21
.91

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
All other
leather
products

Footwear
except
rubber

Transporta­
tion, other
public util

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

8.07

6. 10
.01
.00
.02

6.12
.01
.00

4.34

4. 17

3.22

2.29

2.17

2.40

.16
.79

. 19
.69

.01
.01
.02
3.42
.01

.08

1.28
. 01
.08

4.51

. 00
4. 68

.02
.00

.00

.00

.11
.00

.11
.00

4.21

4.13

3.95

2.94

.16

.14

. 11

.00
.11
.01
.00

.02

.08

.00
.00
.03
.00
.00

.00
.20
.85
.00
.00
1.06
.00
.01

.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.11
.14
.00

.03
1.75

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

.07

.00
.00
1.05
.00
.01

.00
.00
1.39
.00
.01

68.77

68.72

69.16

61.00

60.01

61.47

26.80

28.30

28.45

68.34

68. 24

68.52

60.23

59.20

60.41

3.11

2.81

2.38

.45
.03

. 38
. 02

.28

.95
.06

.75
.03

.46

.43

.44

.01

.05

. 03

.05
.06

.01
.01
.01

.24
.05
.05

.01

.01

.00

. 01

.01
.00

.05
. 06

.13
.04
.06

.08
.08
.03
.48
.04
.17

.03

.01

.20

.00

.02

.37
.03
. 19

.53

.01
.01
.21
.00

.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
~r(h
.00

.26

.42

.40

.42

.18

.18

. 17

.01
.00
.03

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Checkers, examiners, mfg
Graders and sorters, mfg
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

5.34
2.55
.29
2.50

.00

5. 65
2.79
.30
2.56
. 00

6.52
3.28
.25
2.99

7.86
3.32
.32
4.22

7.86
3.44
.32
4.11

9.61
4.24
-29
5.08

.00

.02

.01

.01

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,tutchers,exc mfg
Meat cutters and butchers
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Biveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

62.55
1.64

62.21
1. 91

61.73
2.28

50.59
6.71

50.27
10.09

2.47

2.19

1.77

1.90

2. 08

51.43
5.64
.03
.13
4.16

.08
4. 13

3.86

.06

.05
.06
.09
.70

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
.Conductors,operators,urban rail
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bailroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




.02
.12
.00
.10

.34

.01
.00
.00

.06
.05

.01

.27

.00
.65
.00

.02

. 10

. 00

.11

.00

.02
.10
2.21
.00

.00

.02

.00
.11
.27
.00
.01
.00

.01
.02

.00
.12
.18
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00

.00
.11
.32
.00
.01
.00

.08
.04

.10

.26

.00

.05
.70

.00

.05
.09
.06
.61

.75

1.79

1.67

1.37

15.83
.07
.08
.08
10.89

. 16
12.93

11.20

.19
13.03
.05
.06
.06
11.08
12.31

.14
.24

.32
. 01
. 00
. 00
. 06
.05

.01

.02

. 25
. 00
.70

.00

.00

.06

.05
17. 11
28.65
.19

.06
16.32
27.07
. 15

.01

22.02
21.01
.17
.00

7.08
4.30

8.03
4. 97

8.09
4.22

.43

.02

.00

.00
.21

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.10

.03
9.42
11.04

.00
.00
.00

. 48

.00
.00
.00

-64

.77

.81

1.06

.06

.06
. 13

.07
.14

.13
.34

.00
.00

.38

.00
.00

. 14
.35

.00
.00

.03
.29

.11
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.11

.00
.00

.17

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.09
.00
.04
.00
.00
.13

.01
.02
.00
.60
.01
.00
.00
.22
.01
.19

1.12

.17

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.06
.00
.02
.00
.00
.10
.01
.02
.00
.47
.01
.00
.00
.14
.01
.20
1.12

.00
.00

. 16

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.05
.00
.01
.00
.00
.05
.01
.02
.00
. 36
.01
.00
.00
. 12
.01
. 17
.94

.03
.54

.32
.92
.95
1.92
14.82

25.49
.06
4.54
.15
.70
.36
.76
.70
1.94
16.27

26.07
.03
4.31
. 17
.64
.33
.71
.55
1.75
17.58

.00
.00
.00

23.70
.07
3.83
.17

.00
.00

.68

.25

.28

.43

.03
.27

1.54

1.53

1.38

1.22

1.03

.69

2.89

2.53

2.74

.89

.87
. 12
.76

.70

.93

.80

1-13
.24

.20

.94

.60

.71

.59

.48
.15
.33

.77
. 17
.60

.11

.78

.10

175

.22

.21

.88

.74

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Footwear,
except
rubber

All other
leather
products

1970

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

1978

1990

1970

1978

.05

. 05

.04

.11
.00

.00

.00

.03

.00
.00
.01
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.07

Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.12
.00
.00
.02
.00
.10
.00

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.41

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,grcundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
StocK handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.06

.00
.00
.4 1
.00
1.84

.00
.03
.01

.70

.00
.01
.00
.00
.62
.00
.12

.08
.27

.00

.00

1990

.05

1970

.36

1978

1990

.24

.18

.03

.00
.02

.00
.02
.01
.01
.00
.01

.12
.12
.10
.00
.00
.01
.00

.03
.03

-03
. 03

.09
.09

.01
.00

.01
.00

. 00

.05

.05

.07

.97
.67

.96
.76

1.37
1. 17

.07

.02

.07
.06

.05

.10
.02

.06
.05

.09

. 03
. 00
. 00

.08

.05

.03

.03

.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.01

. 06
.06
. 12
. 00
. 00

.01

. 00
. 10
. 00

.03
.03
.03

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.02

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00

.05

.00
.00
.00
.00
.07

.01

.16

.02
.02

.01
.11
.01
.02

.01
.02

.09
.06

.05
.04

.03
.03

.01

.01

.01

.07

.01

-01

.01

.00

.00

.00
.00
.42
.00

.42

.10
.00
.00
.10
.00

.00
.00
.06
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.42
.07

.38
.06

.41
.04

.27
.07

.26
.05

.31
.04

1.93

1.93

1.85

1.55

.02

.03

.02

.00
.02
.01

9.92

.04

.75

.69

.60

.04
.70
2.36
1.65
.13
1.07

8.95
.04
.03
.60
2.28
1.73
.15
.96

8.67
.04
.04
.44
1. 88
2.56
. 14
.78
.00
. 06

-35

.28

.43
. 00
. 00
. 43

.00

1. 94
. 00
. 03
. 01
.74
. 00

.09

Transportation, other
public util

.00
.05
.01

.82

.00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.60
.00

. 12
. 08
. 26

.07
.09
.27

.01

. 00
. 00
.69

176

.00

.00
.01
.00
.00

.00

.06

.00

.00

.00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.78
.00

.05

. 04

.00
.01

. 18

.17
. 15

.75

.10
.21

.11

.00
.01
.00
.00

.59

.02

.02

.01
.13
.01

.02

.01
.12
.01

.22

.21

3.24

2.55

.02

.00

. 24
. 18
2.31

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Bailroads
and railway
express

Transporta­
tion, total
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

1978

1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

4.25

2.39

2.44

2.08

1.00

.99

.33
.04
.08

.56

.45

.37

.23

.17

.00

.00

.09
.07

.07
.06

. 11
.09

.10

.07
.05
.08
.03

.00
.21

.00
.20

.09
.06
.06
.03

.08
.03
.03

.06

.00
.28
.10

.04
.08
.03

.07
.07
.04

.02
.00
.02

.03

.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.05
.05

.04
.03

.04
.04

.20

.05
.04
.07
.03

.02
.02

. 02

.02

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

.21

. 19
. 04
. 05
. 04
. 05

.04
.05
.03
.06

.29
. 11
.07
.05
.06

.25
.09
.06
. 05
.05

.02
.02
.01
.01

. 02

. 01
. 00

.02
.01
.01
.01

.02
.01
.00

1.58
1.24
.23
.09

1. 80

2.13

1.53
. 14
. 10
. 03

1.86
.18
.06
.03

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01

.16

.21

.20

.13
.08

.05
.05
.05
.05

.02
.01
.01
.00

.02

.01
.01

.13
.07

.01

.25
. 14
. 10

.26
.14
.09

. 04
.04

Teachers
Other teachers

.10
.10

.06
.05

.03
.03

.02
.02

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.01
.01
.01
.01
.09
.02

. 20

.09

. 00
. 11
. 03

.20
.01
.02
.01
.00
.12

.00
.02
.00
.01

.96
.63

1. 07
.69

.04
.04

. 00
.07
.05
.23




. 11
.06
. 00

.22
.00
.00
.20
.01

.03
.03

.01
. 01
.01

.05

.03
1.05
.74

.01

.00

1.08
.71

-01
.00

.06
.05
.18

.01

.01

.01
.01

.08
.05
.19

.08

.78
. 01

.01
.12

.07
. 19

.00

.00

.04

.04

1.03
.73

.38

.39

.00
.02
.11

.04

.11
.01

.21
.01
.00

.00

.06

.23

.13
.18

. 10
.17

.01

.01

- 15

.50
.25

. 14
.05

.09

.02
.01
.10

.00
.01
.01
.04
.00

2.89

2.43

.30
.03

.08

. 02

.00
.12
.01

.27

.35
.03

. 00
. 00

.04

15.50

1 1.87

.42
.05

.02
.00
.02
.02

.20
.01
.00
.06
.01
.11
.01
2.45

10.55

177

.00
.01
.01
.01

.02

.40
.07

.21

.06

.00
.01
.01
.01

.02

9.99

.01
.12

.05
.03

. 10

.05

. 16

.03

.00
.00

.06

.02
.02
.02
.02

.13
.03

.02

.00
.00

.00
.02
.00
.01

.05

.24

.01
.00

.00
.03
.00
.01
.06
.00
1.21

.01

.00
.00

.02
.01

.02

.02

.00
.00

.03
.03

.02

.44
.07

. 12

.03

.26

.02
.01
.00
.01
.01

13.40

.01

.02
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01
.01

8.90

.20

.05
.03

.05
.03

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02

.05
-05

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01

. 04
. 04

.01

.15

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.01
.01

.03
.03

.22
.02

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.01
.00

.05
.05

.02
.02
.00
.00

.05

.31

.01
.02
.01

.01

. 02

.01

.01

.16

.21

1.26

.02
.02
.02

.00
.01
.01

. 20
. 12
. 07

.11

.02

.00

.00
.01
.01

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

100.00 100.00 100.00

.33
. 03
.07
. 06
.05
.09
. 03

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

Managers,officials,proprietors

1990

3.93

.02
.02
.00
.01
.01

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

.38
.03

- 02

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Flight engineers
Badio operators
Other technicians except health

1970

3.65

.02
.01
.01

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Chemists

Medical workers,exc technicians
Begistered nurses

Local and
interurban
transit

.02
.01

.04

.02

.01
.00
.02
.02

.02
.00

.07
.03
. 12

.01

.01

.04
.04

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Transporta­
tion, total

Railroads
and railway
express

Local and
interurban
transit

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Railroad conductors
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

8.47

9. 58

10.14

11.52

13. 10

15.22

2.34

2-40

2.75

.55
.03
6.50

.52
.03
7. 11

.49

8.99

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers
Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispa tchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controirs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telegraph operators
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Weighers
Misc clerical workers

.01

.01

.01

.01

5.72

. 46
.71
1. 11
. 01
7. 29

7.99

4.41

5.43

5.71

.73

. 67

.77

.17

.00

.17

.17

.17

.17

.47

.86
.01

1.40

.46
.58

1.10
.01

.01

.01

.02

.01

.00
.09
.00
.00
.00

.00
.20

. 00

.00
.02

2.30

2.53
.32

.17

.12
.01
.11

.01

.01

.02

.72

. 66

.76

.22
.00
.22

15.92

15.26

14.36

17.29

15. 28

10.30

8.44

7.13

9.35

2.82

2.73

2.72

1.75

.87

.66
.00

. 94

. 02
.99
.31
.79

.00

.85
. 19
.70

.58
.04
.24

.47

. 08
.78

2.39
.03
.98
.47
.92

2. 10

1.98
.03
.70

.01

.00
.68
.01

.17

.26

1.29
.03
.08
.26

1. 20
.01

.76

.01
.02

.15

.12
.00
.01

. 19

.03

.06

.00

.01
.02
.10
.00

.08

.04

.03

6.35
.03
.58
.45

8. 21

.01

1.76
.16

.88

.67
.06
.04
.15

.01

.39

.01
.02

12.44
.34
1.42
.35

.22

.02
.08
.92

.00

.41
.18
.23

.01
.00

.01

.01
1. 86

.49

.60
. 03
. 02
.28
. 01
.25

.02
.01

.30

.00

.14

.00

.01
.86
.01

.02

.05
. 51

.01

.00
.02
.53
.01

.59

.19

.01

.00

. 02
1 1 93
.
.35
1.38
. 40

11.15
.32
1.34
.49

13.61
.36

.22
.02

1.01
.21
.33
.01

11.98
-33
. 96
.18
.31

7.79
.24
.83
.08
.26

7.42
.04
.70
.53
.13

. 08
. 96
. 00
.39
. 16
. 19

.09
.90

.08
.09

.07
.08

.04
.06
. 00
.52
. 10
.19

.04
1.96

.21
.02

.01

.34
.16
.18

.03

.00
.68

. 16
.30

.13
.04
.26
.14
1.25
.36

.25
- 16
.42
.06
.59

.06

.96
1.24

3.28
.05
1.70

. 16
. 06
.29
. 14
1. 16
.41
. 36
. 17
. 13
3. 27
. 05
1. 58

13.85

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Blue collar worker supervisors

2.14

.18
.08
.28
.17
1.09
.43
.54
.27

.00

.00
.01

.01
.00




.01

.00
.11
.00
.00
.01
2.22

.01
.00

Crafts and kindred workers

.01

.01
.01

.00
.02

.01

.00

.60
. 13

.22
.01
.01
.22

.00
.01

.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.01

.13

.11
.07
.01
.00
.02
.01

.00
.00

.11
.02
.04
1.88
.01
.10
.07
.05

.01
.00
.02
.01

1.91

.00
.21
.00

.14
1.67

1.50

.75

.62

.61

8.22

12.13

30.70

32.29

32.16

7.22

5.56

1.37
-35

1.09
.30

.91
.23

3.41
.84

3. 13
.80

2.47
.56

.69

.55
.08

.07

. 05
. 00
. 42
. 05
. 15
. 09

.04

.01

.00

.50
.07

.20

.14

.02

.01

.00

.00

.41
.04

.10

.07

.01

.01
1.91

2. 13

178

.02
.10
.01

1.43
.13
.38
.48

.02

3.82

.02
.08
.01

1.41

.10

.28
.41

.01

3.70

.00

. 19
.24
. 10
. 17
. 10
. 00
.23
2. 17

12. 60

.21

.09
.83
.64
.32
.06
.06
1.91
.03
. 15
. 15
. 08
.03

.15
.15
.07
. 11
-08

1.12

.11

3.37
.05

.01
.02

.16
.23
.09
. 13
.15

2.41
.05
3.14

.20

.88

.30

.18
.06
.33
.04
.33
.72
.49
.45
.06
1.27

. 14
.40
.04
.49
. 86
.65
1.08
. 12
2. 17
.04
2. 87

.22

.02

.02

.02

.06

.01

1.30
.06
.18
.30

.00

3.08

.10
.02
.00
.00

.35

.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

. 88

.11
.01
.00
.00

.01

.54

.67

.01

.15
.04

.09
.04

.58

.00

.51
.04
. 14
.04
.04

.32

.01

.02

.06

.02

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Transportation, total
1970

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1978

.62
.03
.Oh

. 46

Railroads
and railway
express

1990

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.43

.02

1970

2.04
. 12
.15
.04
1.44

1.79
.09
. 10
. 04
1.29

1.89
.05
.08

.14

.09

. 17

.27

.24

.01

.02
.00
.21
.01

8.50
.05

8.45
.07

8.35
.07

.01
.02
.00

. 02

.01
-40
.02
.12
.01

.01

.29
.03
.09
. 00

.31
.03
.07

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

6.31
.06
1.55
.04
2.27

6-22

1.73
.17

5.95
.09
1.70
.03
2. 19
. 00
. 43
. 01
. 08
1.27
. 14

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

1.89
.05
1.19
.62

1. 70
. 03
1.36
. 30
. 01

.03

.00

.02
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1.51

1. 26

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

.00

.37

.01
.11

.01

.01

.00

.09
2.04
.03
2.32

.01
.01

.53
.07
1.03

.10

.00

.01

.00
.00

.08

.01
.21
.01
.12

.03

.03

.00
.00

.04

.01
.22
.01
.12

7.80
.08

.00

5.27

4.01

.13
4.82

.07
3.67

.09

.00

.03

.02
.00

.00
.09
.01
.02
.16
.02

.01
.02

.00

.03

.00
.00
.00

1.54

8.72

1.38

5.52
2.87

10.83
. 13
8.69
1.89

12.38
.07
11.31
.92

.02
.00

.08

.06

.01

.11
.01
.02
.00

.20

.01
.10
.02

.01

.02

.03

.01

.01

.13
.04

.05

.02
.00

1.12
.01
.22
.00
.00

4.18

4.37

3.95

.39

.33

.41

.02
.01

.00
.02
.00
.00

.65

3.51

3.81

3.39

.29

. 14

.00

.41

.00
.00
.00
.09

.00

.03

.00

5.68
. 04

.02

.09
5. 17

.00
.00
.02

. 14
.17
.03

.00
.00
.00
. 15

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

.04

.06
.04

.02
.00

.29

.00
.66

.06
.03

.03

.00

20. 13

21.59

76.45

81.18

73.93

3.02

2.89

2.54

.57

.38

.76

1.40

1.44

1.50

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
^01

.06

.00
-00
.00
.01
.00
.00

. 17

.02
.02

.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.01

.09

.03
.05

.01
.01
.02
.03
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.02

.07
46.20

19.45

3.60

3. 12

2.63

.40

.40

.01

.01
.01
.01

.02

.00

.00
.08
.01
.02
.12
.02

.00
. 11

.00
.11
.00
.01

45. 46

.00
.15
.01

.01
.01

.00

.02
.01

.01
.02

.00
.01
.00
.00
.22
.01
.03
.01
.00

42.97

.47

.11

1.52

.01
.00
.00
.05
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.00

.01
.01

.16
.04
.03

.93

.00
.00
.06
.01
.24
.01
.11

7. 83

.01
.19
.02
.10

.00
.00

.00

7.86
.14

. 01
. 18
. 00
. 00
.79
. 00
. 16
. 01
.09

.24

Local and
interurban
transit

.01

.00
.07

.00

. 00
.49
.02
.04
.04

.00

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters

.00
.00
.01
.02
.01
.01

.00

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.42

. 37

.38

1.25

1. 34

1.46

.07

.05

. 14

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.31
.28
.03

.30
.28
. 02

.30
.28

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00




.00
. 00
-01
. 01
. 00

.02

179

.01
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation# 1970# 1978 and projected 1990
Transporta­
tion, total

Railroads
and railway
express

Local and
interurban
transit

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

Other operatives, exc transport
Blasters
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Garage vrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mlg
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Minding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

2.82

2.41

1.93

1.62

1.45

1.04

.48

.31

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Conductors,operators,urban rail
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

39.37

.00
.01
.00
.00
.11
.07
.16

.01
.01
1.05
.01
.01
.09

.01

.13
1-16

.12

6.69
.29
1.08
.54

.01
.01
1.6 1

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.06

. 08
. 04
. 13

.00
.02
.02
.01
.02
.00

. 12

.06

.00
.02
.02
.01
.01
.00

.09

.01
.00
.64
.01
.01

.01
.01
.04
.01
.02

.03

.09

.02

.01

1. 12

.97

.13
1.08

42.35
. 09
7. 92
. 26
1. 13
.61

43.57
.05
7.73
.30

16.43

.01
.00
.82
.01
.01
.05

.00

.00
.11

. 13

.01
.01
1. 32
1.21

.01

.00
.02
.02
.01
.01
.00

.07

.01
.00
.00
.00

.23

.17

.06
.35

.07

.00
.02
-01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.02

.02
. 00
.00
.00
.10
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00
.01

.05

.01
.00

1.01

.13

.08
.76

17.24

19.05

75.87

80.81

73. 17

55.28
1.81
.15

50.04
1.94

. 12
. 17

49.32
2.16
.18
.03

.02
.01
.02

.03

.01
.00

7.48
7.48
.08
.95

8.50
7.43
.05
.81

10.42
7.46

.56

.58

.02
.00
.00
.00
.14
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.02

. 01

.02
.06
.00
.12
.22
.02
.00

1.00

1990

.02
.07
.00
.11
.23
.02
.00

.02
.03
.00
.02
.00

.01

.01

.02

.21

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.02
.00

.02
.00

.24
22.89
.37

.30
20.05
.50

.06
.03

1.65
3.32
24.05

3. 35
26. 44

1.27
.97
3.14
28.55

.80

.25
23.57
.31

3.62

3. 15

3.90

2.69

2.04

1.79

2.24

1.26

2.20

Cleaning service workers
Lodging gtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.87

.71

.86
.01

.72

.01

.61

1.05

.58

1. 15

.26
.60

. 68
. 00
. 20
.47

.38
.46

.36
.35

.26
.34

.45
.60

.25
.33

.45
.70

Food service workers
Bartenders
Baiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Baiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.55

.37

.56

.35

.32
-03
.03

.26

.28

.10
.01

.20
.00
.02
.03
.01
.10
.04
.01

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.01

. 00

.03
.03

.02
.02

1.64
1.18

1.62
1.33

.54

.21
.00

.17

. 08
. 08
. 01

Service workers

Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv#other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives




.00

.01
.01
.26
.02
.02

.15
.09

.00
.20
.51
.29

.01
.01

. 18
. 01
.03
.08
. 06

.01

.01
.02
.12
.01

.03
.06
.05

.01
.00
2.43

.02

2.10
.03
.1 1
.11
.02
.01

.13

. 08

.55

.48
. 10
.03
. 28
.07

.02
.10

.01
.02
.12

.03
.30

.10

.02

180

.02
.01

.02
.01

.00

.01

.15

.01
.24
.02
.01
.00

.01

.12
.01

. 02
. 12

.05

.38
•00

. 24

.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.09
.19

.06

.03

.23
.03

.01
.01
.00

.10
.00
.00
.00

.19

.02
.02

.11
.01
.02

.05

.05

.04

.47
.06
.03
.31
.07

.89
.24

.73
.17

.02

.10
.02

.39
.25

.36
. 18

.40
. 16

.02

.11
.02
.01
.02

.67

.00

.00
.02

.07

.02

.05

.00
.07
.10

.00

.03
.04

.29
.05

.10
-02
.00
.01

.35
.03

.26

.19
. 14

.14

.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.10

.00

.00

.04
.05

.02

.09
.06

.02
.02
.02

.35
.00
.03
.03

.21
.06
.00
.02

.40
.06

.00
.22

. 13

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Transporta­
tion, total

Railroads
and railway
express

Local and
interurban
transit

1970

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

10.37
.04
.03
.18
3.94
.19
.06
1.87

8.96
. 06
.03
. 13
3.78

7.83
.07
.04
.08
3.15

15.40

14.26

16.44

2.06

1.30

1.83

.09
.40
1.79

.06
.33
1.52

.04
. 17
1.18

.04
.08

.07
. 10
. 12
.00
.07

.02

.19

.02

.54
.31
3.00

.21
.07
1. 68

. 01
. 16
. 01
.42
. 29
2. 12

.00

.00

.00
.02
.02
.00

.00
.02
.00
.00

.00
.02
.06
.12
.00
.01
.00
.01

.04

.06

.00

.07
1.41

.01

.00
.02
.03
.00

.07

.08

.06

.01

.01

.38
.25
2.08

.52
.03
12.44

. 40

11.82

-21

.00

181

.01

.02

.00
.01

.00
.01
.00
.01

.03

.00
.01

.00

.00
.02
.03
.00

.29

.01

.00
.93
.01

.55

.61

14.67

.85

.56

.80

.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970
Street,
railway,and
bus lines
1970

Total all occupations

1978

1978 and projected 1990
Taxicab
service

1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Trucking
and
warehousing
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

100.00 100.00 100.00

1.06

.96

1.48

.83

1.06

.52

.88

1.00

Engineers,technical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.30

.23
. 09
. 09
. 02
. 02
. 02

.39
.14

.02
.00
.00

.08

.07

. 02

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Surveyors
Other engineering,science teen

.06
.04

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Professional and technical

.01
.01

. 06
. 04
. 01
. 02

.06

.01
.00
.00
.0 1
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.0 1
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech

.02
.01

.02
.01

.02
.02
.10
.00

.00
.00
.68
.00

. 00

.06
.04

.67

.82

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.12

.09

.02

.03
.03

.06

.00

.05

.01

.11
.02

.06
.06
.15
.07

.02

. 05

.00
. 04
.01

.01

.03

.02
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.84

.36

.06

. 07
.04

.36

.03

.08
.04
.04

.01

.02
.01

.00
.00
.00

.07
.05

.08
.06

.08
.06

.00

.00
.01

.02

.03

.02
.01

. 03
. 02
. 01

.06
.03
.03

.01
.00
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.01
.01

. 01
. 01

.03
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists

.01
.01
.01

.08

.10
.02
.02
.02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02

.06

.12
.04
.00
.01
.00
.07
.00

. 18
.05

- 13

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

.04

. 01
. 04

.47
-26

. 46
.25

.01

.02

.05

. 07

.09
.03
.13

.01

.05
.60
.32

.05

.01
.01
.01
.02
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts

.01
.01

.87

.01
.01
.02
.02
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01

.02
.01
.01
.01

.08

1990

.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.02
.02

.07

.00

.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.06

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.04

.05

.04

.57
.40

.66
.45

.57
.42

.04

.03

.00
.02
.00
.11
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.11
.00

.00
.02
.01
.14
.01

.01
.15
.01

.01
.11
-01

2.02
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

3.49

3.34

6.11

7.42

7.35

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.34
.05

.31
.05

.26
.03

.08
.18

.07
.18

. 06
.15

2.01
.00
.12
.00

3.48

3.33

5.77

7.11

7.09

.01

.00
.21
.02

. 16

.14

.52

.51

.44

6.58

6.62

.01
. 13
.01

. 11
- 01

2.56

2. 09

.01

.01

2.76

.00

.00

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.12
.03
.01

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

2.44

2.33

1.95

2.34

1.89

3.32

3.18

5.23

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.22
.01
.22

. 15
. 01
. 14

.02

.40
.38

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
-02

.01
.00
.01

.00

.00

.00

.96

.73

.57

8.38

6. 88

9.63

7.11

7.87

8.37

11.80

11.50

9.67

1.05
.69
.05
.30

.74
.51

1.05
.74

.31
.26

.43
.36

.57
.45

2.52
1.74

2.28
1.64

.30

.05

.07

2.59
1.70
.05
.84

.75

.64

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists




.05
.03

.00
.10
.01

. 07

.18
.06

-02
.00
.03
.02
2.02
.00

.01

.05
.05
2.58

.07

.02
.21

.01

182

.00

.01

.00

.00

.00
.00

.00
.11

.02

.01

.00

.96

.01

.01

.01

.73

.02

.01

.02

.00

.57

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution ot industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Taxicab
service

Street,
railway,and
bus lines
1970

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispa tchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1978

1990

.19

. 15
. 00

.23

1970

1978

.04

.04

.01

.02

.01
.01
.00
.01
.02
.00

7.63
.05
.73
.65
.17
.03
.04
1.25

5.99
. 03
.52
. 55
. 14
.02
. 02
. 98

8.35

6.77

7.40

.70
.76
,40
.07
.06
1.28
.04

.60
-15

.74
. 18
. 03

.15

. 11
. 08
.06

.20
.19
.10

.03

. 03

.04
.08
.03

.02
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.01

.19
.27

.27

.12
.22
.12
.21
2.65
.00

.07
. 13

. 10
. 12

.74

. 17
. 15
. 10
. 14
. 10
. 06
2. 15
. 00
. 55

8.93
.91
.13

.01
.02
.05
.00
.10
.01

.02

.12
.09
.01
.01

.11

.17

.20

.13
2.48

.00

.02
.00

.46

.01

.19
.06
.03

.02
.02
.13
.00

.01

. 08
. 00
.05

.04

.11

.01

,02
.01

.21

.01

.02
.00

1990

1970

1978

1990

.05

.45
.09
.03
.07

.38
.04

.02

.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00
.01
.01
.00
7.75

.01

.00

.07
4.12

.09
4.46

.05
.08

.04
.06

.00

Trucking
and
warehousing

.00

.01
1.28
.21
.03

.00
.10
4.08
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.10

.01

-15

.00
.24
.02

.16

8.76
.51
1.73
.24

8.60
. .53
1.61
.25

.11

.00
.02

.11
.02

.33

.00
. 15

.00
. 15
.01
7.06
.45
1.39

.21

.09

.02

.03
.08
1.48

.08
1.45

.07
1.24

.38

.38

.29
.09
. 16

.00

.12
.21
.01

. 18
.04
.23

.00

.11

.18

.02

. 17
.04
.28
.08
1.51

.00

.01

. 12

.02

.26
.05
1.57
.15
. 10
.08
. 14

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.15

.02
.02
.01

.11

.46
.18

.38
. 28

.32
.51

.53

.78

.84

.87

1.39
.19
.30
.17
.17
.04
1.03

.18
.03
1.05

6. 62

9.69

2.04

2.52

3.13

7.11

7.15

6.60

.73
. 10
. 01
. 00
. 43
. 01
. 11
. 05

1.14
.14

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.27
.08

.22

.00

.00

.06
.03
.05
.05

.05
.04
.04
.04

.03
.05

.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

.31
.07

.05
.18
.05
.05

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00

.01
.00
.66

.00

.00

.00

.00

.20
.21
.12

.02

.54

.07

.01
.02

.01
.01

.01
.02
.01
.02

Blue collar worker supervisors

.73

.67

.81

.13

. 19

.19

2.04

2.26

2.02

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices

.18

. 12
. 01

.22
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.09

.00
.00

.10
.00
.00

. 10

.00
.00

.03
.04

.04
.06

.03
.06

2.26

2.89

4.19
.05

.08
2.09
.05

.03
2.80
.03

.05
3.73
.27

4.06
.07
.03
.03
3.56
.32

3.83
.05
.03
.03
3.30
.37

.03

.03

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.12
.00

.01
. 07
.00

.03
.14

.00

.04

.03

.04

Meehanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
.Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

6.40

4. 61
. 02
. 01
.07
4. 22
. 09
. 00
. 02
. 16

6.49
.05

.03

.02

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.18
.05
.03
.07
.03

. 12
. 03




.02
.01

.14
5.85

.11
.00

.03

.21

.02
.11

1.86
.00
.00
.10

5.86
.18

1.70
.03

.00
.02
.22

.04

.20
.03
.03
.08
.06

.02

. 06

.02

183

.02
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
• 00

.00

.00
.00

.02
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.02

.01
.00
.01

.00

.01
.00
.01

.00

.00
.00
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives

1978

1990

1970

•53

. 37
.00
. 02
.28
. 01
.04
. 02

.84

.03

.00

•02
.38

.01

.07
.03

.00

1978 and projected 1990
Taxicab
service

Street,
railway,and
bus lines

.00

Trucking
and
warehousing

1978

1990

1970

1978

.05

.04

.49

.46

.01

.01

.03

.06
.18

.05

.03

.00

.21
.00

.05

.04

.08
. 18
.00
.03

.17

.14

.00
.12

.00

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.01
.00

.09
.62
.03
.05
.05

.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01

.00

.00

1990

.42

72.76

80. 06

71.03

87.61

84.42

84.00

63.18

63.26

67.70

Operatives,except transport

.67

.43

-96

.27

.23

. 10

1.74

1.49

1.20

Semiskilled metalworking
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters

. 12

. 08
. 01

.22
.02

.02
.00

.14

.15

. 16
.00

. 06

.03
.18

.02

.01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00

.09

.02
.00
.00
.02

.13

.14

. 15

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,proace
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.01
.01
.00

.01
. 01
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.64
.58
.06

.56
.52
.05

.55
.51
.04

Other operatives, exc transport
Blasters
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.55
.03
.14

.34
. 02
. 06

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Conductors,operators,urban rail
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

.02
.01

.00
.02
.02
.00
.02
.02

.28

.01

.73

.02
.11
.00
.02

.00

. 01
. 01

.03

.00
.01
.02
.20

.00
.02

.07
.46

.00

.26

.22

.13

. 00
. 10
. 00
.03

.00

.00

.09

.00

.00

.78

-49

.06

.18
.16
.04

.13
.09
.04

.09
.03

.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.01

.09

.07

87.34

84. 19

83.90

72.09

79.63

70.07

65.60
2.87
.24
.04
.03

74. 48
2. 44

.03

.03

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.21

64.49
2.50
.27
.08
.04
.03
.38
1.96
.30

86.87
.45

83.32
.83

2.89

1 54
.

2.67

.26

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, otaer
Janitors and sextons

1.36
.59
.77

. 74
.33
.41

1.47
.57
.90

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc p n v t

.30
.03
.08

.02
.02

.26
.06
.05

.13

. 15
. 02
. 04
. 01
. 02
.05

.01

.08
.03

.01
.00

.01
.00

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.04
.03

. 02
. 02

.02
.02

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.72
.09
.13
.39
.07

. 28
. 04
. 06
. 14
.03
. 00

.41
.04
.04

.03

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Guards
Police and detectives

.47
.04
.25
.18

Service workers




.02

.01

.33
2.67
.27

.01

.00

.01

.20

.03
. 03
. 01
.32
1 89
.

.02

.00
.00
-00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.04

.95

.00
.00

.00
.02
.02

.00
.02
.01

.15
.37

.14
.34

61.44

61.77

.00
.00

.00

.01

. 00

.02
.01
.11
.22

66.50
. 00
.07

.07

.00
.10
.00

2.41
.73

2.34
.78

82.71
1.18

.03
.17
58.01

.11

58.40

.03
.08
63.54

. 48

.57

.70

.57

.50

. 11
.04
.07

- 12
.04
.08

.05
.03

.44
.10
.35

.33
.08
.25

.24
.05
. 18

.14

.35

.36

.03

.00

.02

.00
.01
-01

.00
.01
.01

.00
.02
.01

. 12

. 32

.32

.00
.02

.00
.02

.03

.03

.00
2.02
.76

.00
.00

.03

.02
.00

.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.06

.06
. 00

.01

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.16

.00
.02

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.35
. 03
. 19
. 13

.52
.07
.28
.17

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.02
.02

.22

.08

184

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.16

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.07

.00
.01
.01
.00

.00
.01
.01
.00

.04

.03

.01

.16

.01

.15

.00

.00

.16

.14

.00

.00

.00
.02

.00

.01
.01
.00
.02
.01

.18

.00

.18

.00

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Street t
railway. and
bus lines

Taxicab
service

1970

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

2.71

1.71

. 05
. 11
. 00
. 02

.11
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.11
.00
.00

. 13

.08
.16

2.34
.09
.13
.16

.02

.00
.02
.00
.01

.08

.00

1.19

.01

1.13

.02

.00

. 01
.04
.00
.70
. 01
.75

185

.00
.08
.00

.03
.04

.00

.76
.03
1.03

.00
.00

. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

. 13

.00
.00

Trucking
and
warehousing
1990

1970

1978

1990

.06

9.27

8.3 7

6.75

.05
7.19
.47
.06

.04
6.54
.47
.06

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.06

.00
.00

.01

.10
.02

.24
.04

.20
.66
.22

.01

.12
.01
.19
.02

.17
.56
. 18

.02
.02

5.29
.47
.03
. 12

.00
.00

.07
. 12
.48
. 12

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Trucking
service
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

1978

Warehousing
and storage
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

-97

.84

1.41

1.52

.08

.07
. 00
. 01
. 01

.04

.17

. 14

.03

.02
.01

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.84

.00
-01
.01

Water
transporta­
tion
1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1.25

3.80

4.29

4.07

.95

.92

.09
.06
.64
.04

. 11
. 10
.06
.60
. 05

.01
. 01
.01

.01
.01
.01

. 16

.78

.05
.06

.04

.02

. 03
.07
. 02

.10
.01

.14
.07
.07
.44
.06

.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.02
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

. 01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

.00
.00

. 02

.04

.00
.00
.02
.00
.01
.02

.00
.00
.02
. 00
.01
.02

.04

.00
.00
.01
.00
.01

.64
.06
.04

.61
.06
.05

.65
.08
.04

.01

.02
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03

.37
.17

.31
.18

.25
.27

.03

.04
.04

.01
.01
.02

.01

.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00

. 00
. 00
. 00

.02

. 02

.00

.00
.10

.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators

.02

.06

. 08
. 04
.04

.07
.04
.03

.03

.03

.02
.01
.01

.01

.01

.01

.36

.42

.31

.06
.05
.01
.00
.01
.01

. 08
.05
. 02

.08
.06

.09
.08

.16

. 14
. 10
.03

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists

.06

. 07
. 00
. 00

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

.54
.37

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Physicists and astronomers

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists
Social scientists
Economists

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors
Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade
Other managers,officiaIs,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pi lots,pursers,snip
Other managers, administrators




.04

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.04

.00
.02
.01
.14
.01

.01

.01

. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00

.02
.00
.01
.01

.01

. 01

.01

.06

.01
.02
.10

.01
.02
.12

.07
.03

.09
.03

.04
.04

.03
.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

.04
.04

.04
.04

.05

.05
. 00

.03

.36
.15

.40
.16

.40
. 12
.05

.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

. 00

.03

. 03

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00

.95
.74

.00

1.08
. 86

.85
.73

.03

.03

.02
.01
.03
.00

.14

.17

1.41
1.05
.07

1.57

.04
.03
.03
.27

.03
. 16
21.97

18.18

19.52

.72
.08

.65
.07

-53

.61
.09

.56
.08

.31
.05

. 29
. 05

.24
.03

.08
.17

. 00
. 06
. 17

5.09
.45

. 18

.02
.00
.10

.02
.02
.24
.01

.01
.00
.00
.22

1.57
1.35

19.18

6.50

.00

.01

1.20

16.74

6. 78

4.63

.02
.01
.04
.00

.01

14.80

5.40

.00

.00

.01

.01

.01

.00

.01
.00
.01

.11

.00
.01
.00
. 11
.01

.00
.18
.01

.01
.00

.32

-04

.03

.01

.43

.01
.00

.55
.39

. 63
.42
. 00
.04
. 01
. 15

.37

.02

.00
.00

.00

.04

.01

.03

.00
.01

.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
. 05

.00
.01

.24
.15
.07

.01
.11
.01

.02
.00

.04

.01

.02
.00
.01

.43

.02
.02
.00

.02

.01

.06
.14

.09
. 17
.35

.07
. 15
.35

.13
.28

.28
.23

.24
.23

. 17

6.49

6.26

14.08

18.96

21.54

.38

1.38

18.64
.09
1.30

17.57

. 46
. 00
6. 02

16.09
. 11
1.37

5.86

12.56

14.60

17.24

.43
10.30
6.83

.44
9.40
9.11

.35
9.39
11.79

.01

.01

186

.00

.12

.02

.02

.01

.01
.00

.01

.01
.00

.01

.21
.01

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Trucking
service
1970

Clerical workers
Stenographrs*typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispa tchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pi pe fitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices

343-899 0
 81 - 13


1990

1970

.53

1978

Water
transportation

1990

1970

1978

1990

.91

.68

1.60

1.45

1. 13

.00

.58

.01

.46

. 00
. 68

.00

.90

.53

1.60

1.44

1.13

.57

.44

.18
.05
. 14

11.03

10.94

9.13

21.05

19.74

17.27

14.67

15. 15

16. 11

2.36

2-35

.01
1. 60
.02

2.10
.01
1.46
.00

5.36

5.06

4.88

3.64

3.77

4.53

.72

.62

3.91
.07
1.37

3.87
.03
1.15

.82

2.62
.13
.89

.43
.09
.03
.06

.36
.04
. 01
. 14

.33
.03

.67
. 10
.04
.13

.62
. 04

.23

. 16
. 02

8.24
.52
1.55
.25
. 10
.03
.05
1.56

8.22

.37

.38
. 11
. 18

.19
.04
.23

. 18
.04
.28
.07
1.38
. 19
. 11
. 12
. 19

.00

.01

1.52
.05
.80

.00
.02

.00
.12
.21
.01

.10
1.22

.18
. 16
.17
. 18

.00
.00

.14

.00

.54
1. 48
.26
. 11
. 02
. 05
1. 52

.00

.01

.01

.01

.01
4.04
.00
.34

.01

.41
.05

11.03
.29
1.50
.33

.01

.22
.00

.05
.08

.04
.08

.04
.07

.02

.00

.31
.16
.26
.03
.15
.05
.64
.15
3.35
.44
.38

.29
.09
.23

.05
1.29

.50
.56

.51
.55

.44
.49

.00

.01

.30
.09
.16

.43
.16
.30

.42
. 14
.25

.19
.09
.26

.29
.17
.27
.17
.06
.54

.02

.00

.01

.02

.01

.01

.07

. 16
1.09

3.14
.40
.46
.29
.92
.08
1.28

7.50
.61
. 15

.26
.05
1.42
.13
.04
.09
.14

.23
3.40
.32
2.09
.16

7.87

1. 03

.50

.35
1.36

7.07

7. 10

6.53

7.62

.00

.23
. 06

.00

.19
.07

.06
.03
.05
.04

. 05
- 03
. 04
.04

.03
.04

.00

.00

.01

.13
.04

. 12
.04
.26
. 17
3.29
.35
1.71
. 11
. 11
.32
1.36

.01

.00

.01

.10

.95
.26

.00
.11

11.38
.33
1.51
.24

12.06
.42
3.16
. 12
. 19

.00

.21

.21
.01
.00
. 10
.01
.08
.01

10.62
.27
1.46
.18
.29

.21
.00

.01
.12
.02

.35

.25

.08

.00

.02

.69

.06

14.06
.46
3.54
. 14

.00

.07
.81

.01

3.82

.23

.02
.01

.06

15.03
.45
3.90
.13
.19

.02

.01
2.88

.02
.01

.30

6.70
.45
1.26

.22

.01

.01
.01
.25
.01

.35
.04

.01

.02
1.00

.25
.06

.00

.16

.02

.01

.01

.82
.24

.00

. 10
. 16

.01

.24
.09
3.58
.32
.98
.06

.10

.21

.02
.02
.12
.01
.17
.01

.20

.22
1.02

.02

. 11
.03
.71
.08
4.64
.34
. 16
. 17

.86

.07
1.32

1.22

9.77

10.59

12. 14

2.75
1.29

2.86
1.36
.01

2.66

.16
.62
.15
.42
.07

.14
.76
.41
.06

.06

.01

.09
.90
. 14
.26
.08

.00
.08
.21
.00
.09
.02

.01

.03

1. 19

.00

.01
.01

.01
.02
.01
.01

. 15
.04
. 15
.05
.19

1.91

2. 14

0
0
0
0

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

1978

Warehousing
and storage

3.67

4.08

4.06

1.56

1.91

2.45

.09

. 10

.00

.10
.00

.08

. 11

.03
.06

.03
.07

.06

.09

.26
.05
.19

.34
.06
.26

.10

.03
.04

.10
.00
. 10
.01
.00

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00

.00

187

.00
.02
.00

.02

. 14
.04
. 12

.00

.02
.00

.00
.01

.11

.00

.00
.02

.00

.50

.38

.00
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Trucking
service

Warehousing
and storage

Water
transportation

1970

Meehanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
fiailroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

4.38
.04

4.20
. 06
. 03
. 00
. 04
3.75

3.97
.04
.03

1.83
.18

1.96
.25

1.89
.25

2.51
.07

2.84

3.25
. 13

.84

.75

.62

.02
.00

.06
3.97

.00
.00

.00

.04
3.49

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.24

.01
.02
.67
.00
.01
.00

.01
.02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.33
.00
.00
.01

.84

.97

1.58

.03

. 03

.03

.09

.07

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Shipfitters
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

.44

. 43

.39

1.08

.90

.83

Operatives
Operatives,except transport

.00
.00
.24
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.06
.00

.28

.00
. 01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.05

.18

66.04

65. 61

.03

.00
.01
.01

.00
.00

2.75

.06

.00

.00
.07
.00

.58

.53

.24

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

2.67
.08

2.63
.08

3.26
.09

.36
.03
.64

.22

.84
.07

.00
.00
1.43
.00

.01

.01

.14
.06
.29

.05

.29
.03
.60
.25

.24

.06

.00
.00
1.30
.00

.00
.00
1.78
.00
.48
.00

.13

.10

70.06

28.35

29. 16

34.92

20.75

19.46

18.22

. 00
. 02
. 15

.00
.02

.04

.00

.00
.06
.00

.18

.00
.00
1.97
.00

.00
.00
.00

.13
.04
.33
. 00
.28
.07

.00
.20

.17

.06

.00

.00
.01
.00

.10
.00
.00
.00

.00
.17
.00
.01

.00

.45

.01
.00
.21

.31

1.03

.96

.73

10.38

9.21

7.67

15.77

14.05

12.80

Semiskilled metalworking
Welders and flamecutters

.14
. 13

. 15
. 13

.15
.14

. 16
.16

. 18
. 18

.23
.23

.54
.54

.63
.63

.85
.85

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.27
.26

. 27
.27
. 00

.22
.22
.00

5.25
4.46
.79

4.86
4.15
.71

5. 18
4.65
.53

.08
.08

.09
.09

. 13
. 13

Other operatives, exc transport
Surveyors" helpers
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.62

.37

4.97

4.17

2.26

15.15

13.33

11.82

1.27

1.26

.75

12.46
.03

10.87
.04

10.35
.05

.39

.24
.43

.18
. 19

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Lodging qtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters" assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt




.00

.00
.20
.00

. 54
. 00
. 14

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

. 00
. 00
. 02
. 00
. 01

.00

.00
.09
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.07
.28

.07
.27

.05
.19

65.02

64.65

.07
2.50
.34

.09
2. 41
. 40

.03
.17
61.89

.03
. 11
61. 60

.03
.08
66.74

.14
10.92

11.86

. 14

.53

. 44

.40

2.74

.35

. 27
. 00
. 07

.20
.00

1.51

.05
.15

.25
1.26

.94

.09
.60

.05

.05

.04

.04

.00

.02

.00

.08
.27
.03

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00

. 04

.00

.00

.02

.00
.02

2.13
.04
.03

.01
.00

.03
.04

.12
.01
1.12

.00
.01

.00
.01

1. 39
.04
. 02

.50
.03

.01
.00
.02

.00
.01
.00
.01

.04
.09

.04
. 10

.01

.01
.09
.00

.00
.01

.00
.64
.02
.22

.00

.01
.05
.00
.00
.01

.00
.42
.01

.00

.02
.02
.00

.00
.00

.00
.27
.00

.00

.00

1.44

1. 15
1.41

.89
.69

69.32

17.97

19.96

27.25

.00

4.98
1.42

5.41
1.18

5.43
.77

.07
2.03
.37

.15
1.31
5.45

1.32
6.44

.04
1.95
6.19

.13
2.14

.13
2.55

2.24

.08
18.97

.15
1.15

.17
1.38

. 17
2.05

2.40

1.99

6.41

5.33

3.02

1. 17

.69

.95
.03
.26

.72

.00
.00

.20

. 03
. 00

.03

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01

. 00
. 00
. 01
. 00

188

.00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.02
.01
.01
.00
.02

.00
.20
.00
.00

.00
.22

.00
.00
.02
.00
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.01

.00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

.01
.20

.00
.20
.00
.00

.26

.01

.51

.06
. 19

2.76
.03

2.14

1.37

.02

.02
.02

1.82
.04

1.53
.03

.66

.02
.66

.18

.02

.01
.02
1. 11
.01
.02

.41

. 19

.11

.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Warehousing
and storage

Trucking
service
1970

Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Child care workers, exc private
hlevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.12
.00
.00
.11
8.18

.01

.05
6.72
.50
.06
.09

.02

.05
.04

.21

.24
.19

1970

1978

.04

.03
. 01

.01
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01

o
o

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.04

1990

1978

.46

.46

. 00
. 00
. 01

.01
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.46
.00

. 11

.13

.72

.73

.00

. 01

.01

.00
.00
.11
.00

.00
.00

.13

.46

.00
.01
.71

.00

7. 50
. 01
. 04
6. 14
.50
. 06
. 11
. 01
.05

.01

6.03

22.43
.04
.08
12.90

.02

. 18

.21

. 16

189

.01
.02

4.95
.51
.03

.11
.00
.02
.00
.12
.15
.10

.00

.00
.01

.71

.00
21.12

.05
.07
12.29

.00

.07

.08

2.57
.03
.08
5.82
.63

2.23

.22
.01

.22
.00
.02

.07
5.58
.51

Water
transportation

1990

.36

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.36
.00

.90

.00
.02
.88
.00

16.76
.08
.04
10.09

.00
.11
.29
.00
.70

.01
.02

5.09
.34

1970

1978

1990

.98

.70

.27

.00

.00
.02

.11
.05
.01
.01

.01
-01

.07
.05

.00
.00
.02
.05
.02
.01

.77

.54

. 18

1.71
.60
.05
.92
.14

1.77
.76
.05
.84
. 12

1.12

25.85
.07

25.22
.08

2.43

2.38

24.29
. 14
. 10
1.70

.09

.08
21.42
.03

.04

.08
21.24
.08
.04

.00

.01
.00

.27
.23
.84

.25
.24
.72

.08
.25
.49

.03

.11

.00
21.68
.10
.00

.11

.00

.34
.07
.59
. 12

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Air
transporta­
tion
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Pipelines

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
17.47

Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Other engineers

.73
.23

.00

.08
.14
.14
.08

.01
.00

1970

1978

Transporta­
tion
services
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

18.37

18.97

15.77

16.95

18.08

. 69
.23
. 00
. 08
. 12
. 13
. 07

.80
.29

4.24

3.72

3.56

.27
.53

.00
.12

.13
.13
.07

.00

.30
.70
1.04
.27

.00

.00

.86
.00

.25
.74

.00

.19
.53
1.07
.23
.58

.46
.48

.55
.42

1.00

.01
.00

.01
.00

.06

.05

.05

.50
.57

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Chemists
Geologists
Physicists and astronomers

.08
.06

. 11
. 10

.21
.00
.12
.08
.00

. 19

.23

. 12
.07

.09
.14

• 00

.12
.11
.01
.00
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.06
.06

. 05
.05

.03
.03

.08
.08

.08
.08

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

.45

.47

.54
.03
.06
.23
.03

3.11

3.02

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00

.01

.01

.05

.05

.03

. 04
. 00
.03
. 13

.03
.17

.04

.03

.22

.00
.02

. 12

.21

.00

4.08

3.53

.44

.39

.39

. 11
.07
.05
.13

.07
.06
•06
.13

.05
.06
.08
. 14
• 00

.07

.07

.06

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00

.00
.01

.02
.02

.00

.23

.20
.00

.08
.04

.06
.05

.00
.00

.05
.05

.00
.00

.08
.05

.06
.06

.05
.05

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00

.53

-25

.08

. 13

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

13.59
12.23
1.17
.08

1.27

.66

1.54
. 84

1.49

.20

.12

.02

.88
.01

.19
.09

.01

.09

.09

.03
.05
.53

.06
.62

.03
.57

.01

.41
.26

1.08
.77
.31

.96
.71
.25

.30
.18

. 03.

.01

.90
.67
.23

.00

. 15
. 15

.16
.16

.24
.24

.34
.34

. 01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Flight engineers
Hadio operators
Other technicians except health

12.29

.02
13. 13

10.20

11. 82

1.89

1.08
. 10
. 13

.12
.68

. 60
.36

.21

.07

.00

.00
.10
.01

.00

.12
.01

.38
.19
.18

.01

.29
. 12
. 16

.29
.29

.06
.06

.08
.08

.08
.08

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.09

Social scientists
Economists

.02
.11
.10

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.80
.03
.77

. 42
.03
.39

.21
.01
.20

.04
.04

.04
.04

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.50

.58

.54

.30

.29
• 00

.24

.63
.03

.05
.03
.04

.04
.03
.03
.03




.27
.08

.02
.02

.07

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00

.02
.00
.02

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech

.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00

3.33
.09
1.52
.84
.08
.07

.21

.00
.00

.13

.03

.51
.34
.16

3.77

.08

.03

Computer specialists
Computer progiamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.82
.08
.08
.24
.54

100.00 100.00 100.00

.00

.01

.10

.10
1. 16

.00
.11
.11

1990

.00

.01

.09

1.31
.75
.07
.08
.27
.54

.00

.00

1978

.02
.02

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
fiegistered nurses

.04

.11

.00

.00

1970

.00

.00
.02

.04

.01

.01
.02
.01

.33
. 10

.10

.34

190

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.07

.08

.13

.00
.00

.09
.14

.00
.00
.11
.11

.00
.00
.11
.00

•00
.67

.04

.00

.01

.62

.00

.02
.00

.00
.00

.04
.05

.05
.05

.03
.06

.41
.15

.39
. 14

.00
.00

.35
.16

.00
.00

.00
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Pipelines

Air
transportation

Transporta­
tion
services

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors
Managers,officials,proprietors
Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade
Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
fiestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators
Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers
Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eg dip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.90
1.04
.03
.06
.16
.55
.05

2. 12
1. 18
.02
.09
.22

2.25
1.44

5.32
3.37

6.58
4.32

7.75
6.23

1.86

2.10

1.39

1.56

1.80
1.44

.01

.57
. 03
. 01

.09
.19
.50

.01
.02

.38
.28
1. 14
.15

.63
.35
1. 17
. 11

.36
.26
.83
.06

.08
.08
.25
•06

.09
.27
.05

.08
.05
. 19
.03

5.94

6.48

6.34

8.97

9.94

10.60

34.54

37.45

37.09

.88
.19

. 80
. 16

.71
.09

1.93
.24

1.73
.25

1.83
. 31

1.14
.19

1.44
. 15

.29
.39

.23
.39

.18
.43

1.63
.07

1.42
.07

1.43
.09

1.14
.18
.04
.35
.57

.30
.64

.41
.87

5.06

5.68

5.63

7.05

.00

8. 21
.00

8.77

33.40

36.31

35.65

.24

.23
. 00

.24

.00
.01

.75
.04

.64

.00

.71
.03

.00

.00
.00

1.48
.15

1.49
.14

1.55
. 17

7.48

8.14

31.74

34.65

33.91

.36

.35

.41

3.35
.04
3.31

4.68
.04
4. 64

.02

.01

.00
.02

.01

.01

.01

.01

.01

.02

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.02
.01

.00
.12
.00

.02

.02
.01

.00

.00

.01

.02

.01

4.79

5. 42

5.38

6.26

.78

.70
.05
.64

.00

.76

.72
.03
.69

.36

.35

.41

3.31
.03
3.28

30.45

30. 10

27.49

18.11

18. 17

19.33

35.46

33.07

31-27

3.63

3. 17

2.62

4.37

3.94

4.62

10.03
.03

9.33

.01

.02
.00

2.53
.06

. 01
2.37
.03
.75

2.18

6.63
.33
3.03

6.49
.17
2.65

9.38
.03
. 00
6.69
.04
2.62

1.09

1.00
.11
.08
.20

1.04
.06
.06
.43

.78
.04
.07
.36

.02

.02
.01

1.00
.90
.04

.02
.01
.43
.01

.36

.04

.02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

3.26
. 15
.53

4. 13

.42

3.20
.53
.64

.97

1.47

1.82

1.25

.00

.00

.02
.01
.71
.01

.01
.01

.01

.00

.31

.15

.67

.77

.00

.00
.02

.03

191

.15
.56

.00
.10

.00
.08
1. 16
.00
.52
.00
.06

.00

.49

.00
.00
.89
.00

.35

.00
.01

.03
.50

.02

.02
.40
.01

.08

.08

.01
.00

.25
.05

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Air
transportation

Transporta­
tion
services

Pipelines

197 0

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Ticket,station, express agents
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

25.92
.08
1.07
.18
.34

25.84
. 08
.96
. 19
.36

23.90
.05
.82

12. 27
.26
1.54
.08
.91

12.41
.25
1.61
.07
.94

13.47
.27
2. 11

24.44
.45
4.03
2.71
.41

22.70
.52
3.81
2.94
.47

21.11

.09
.13
.35
.47

. 09
. 12
.38
.41
. 16
. 13

.31

.33
.77
.24
.55
.36
.33
.26
.72
2.03

.02

.20

.15
.03
.14
.28
.42
.67
1.19
.13
18. 13

.02

1.83

.20

.34

.02

.02
.10

.13
.38
.34
.15

.00
.20

.17
.50
.89
.27

.00
.20

. 17
.61
. 84
. 12

.01

.67

.00

. 19
-23
-61
.71

.01
.00
.12

.00
.11

.00
.11

.17
.28
.33

.34
.36
.42

. 16
.24
.33
3.06
.24
.26
.48

.52
3.72
.09
.34
.64

2.77

2.72

18.79

27.51

.83

.12
.01
.10

.02

. 14
.23
. 41
.69
. 86
.06
18.74

.14
.46
.62
.54
.03
18.26
.02 - .02
1. 77
1.09

.08

.22

.01
.20

.66
.22
.67
.38
.38
.23
.75
2.19
.60

.01
.20

.76
3.79
3.38
.47

.00

. 28
.39
.63
.30
.49
.32
. 17

.22
.68

2.93

.35
4.78
.37
4.51

3.07
.38
4.62

2.25
.71
. 19
. 14
.40
.52
5. 02

27.20

30.60

4.90

5.04

5.28

3.96
. 13
.15

3.64
. 10
.15

3.87
.05

.89
.31
.03

.89
.30
.03

.99
.31
.04

1.39
.59
.26
1.43

1.26
.56

.24
.06
.18
.07

.24
.06
.19
.07

.25
.09

1.36

.93
.80
.14
1.76

.08

2.68
.00

.00

.00

.22

.68
.20
.22

18.88

18. 91

1.15

1. 00

.05

. 12
.04

.11
.05
.00

.48
. 04
. 25
. 05
.00

.49

1. 79

1.81

5.21

5.60

6.23

1.32

1.38

1.31

.60
.35

.57
.57

.63
.63

.83
.83

.10
.10
.00
.00

.11

.02

. 67
-30
. 35
. 02

. 13
. 13
. 00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

14.90
. 12
12.80
.03
.43

15. 19
. 19
13.25
. 02
.35

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate pi inters,aprentices

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Machinists and apprentices
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone line instalr,splicers




.11
.02

.56
.05
.31
.05

.00
1.68

.85
.33
.50

.02

.02
.11

.05

.00

.00

.00

.22
.02

.00
.00

15.28

-21

13.50

5.21
.07
.19

5.65
. 10
.09

7.02
.13

.58
.04
3.19
.49
.23

.62
.04
3.75
.56
. 19

.05
4.78
.78

.00

.21
.00

.29

.06

.06

.00
.00
.00
.21
.01
.00
.00

.00

.57

.01

.58

. 50

.38

.43

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.07

.01

. 00
. 00

.01
. 01
. 00
. 00
- 00
- 00

192

.00

.00
-00

.43
. 00
. 43

.02

.22
.00

.00
.00

.02
.27
.02
.59
.00
.29
.01

.02
.34
.00

.00

.20
.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.07

.06

.40
.08

.35
.05

.00
.00
.21
.11

.00
.00
.20

.09

.01
.00
1.02

. 17
.03

.00

.01

.00

.01

.02
.38
.00

.11
.00
.00
1.68
.21
.04
.01
.36
.00

-33
.03

.42
.03

1.58
.17
.06

.00

.22
.01

.00

1.95
. 16
.00

.01

.41
. 00
.59

.02
.44
.12

.01

.01
.02

.48
. 11

.65
.07

.09
.08

.09
.08

.08
.07

.05

.05

.01

.05

.01
.02
.01
.01
.00

.01

.01
.02
.01
.01
.00

.01

.01
.01
.01
.01
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Transporta­
tion
services

Pipelines

Air
transportation
1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
U pholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

.29

.26
.03
. 01

.27
.03

12.11
.00
.00
.00

11.29

12.44

.88
.00
.00

. 00
2.45
8.76

3.00
9.42

.14
.50
.17

.00

.00

.00

.08

.03

.08

.08

.08

.02
.01
.01
.06
.10

.01
.01
.06
.11

.01

2.09
9.89

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

1990

.83

.77

.51
.13

. 18
.44
.07

.00
.00
.12

.00
.00

.02

. 06
. 09
. 05
. 01

.04

.01

.00
.12

6.92

6.77

6.18

19.22

18.99

15. 14

6.63

6.38

6.81

5.82

5. 67

4.76

16.55

16.65

13.06

1.88

1.77

1.89

.27

.27

1.64

1.77

2.36

.21
.00
.00
.21

.22
.00
.00
.22

.00
.00

.58
.57

.52
.51

.46
.46

1-03

1.15

.07

.30

.00

.00

Semiskilled metalworking
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Welders and flamecutters

.02
.05
.21

.01
.04
.20

.03

-22

1.64

1.77

2.36

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.11
.11
.00

. 11
. 11

.00

.10
.10
.00

.15
.15

. 11

.11
.00

.00
.00
.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

5.41

5.29

4.40

14.75
.13
.04

14.77
.13
.03

10.71
. 14

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Parking attendants
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

1978

.01

.00
.01

.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03
.05
5.27

.03
.05
5. 16

.04
.04
4.29

1.11
.00

1. 11
.00

•06

. 08
. 19
.06
. 00

.00
.00
.01
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.20
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

. 01

.02
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

.04
.40

.00

.09

.00
.00
.00
.00
1.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03
.27
. 00
. 11

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.06
.00
.16

.00
.00
.00
.00

13.05

1.07
13. 13

1.14
9.19

1.42

2.67

2.34

2.07

.07
.18
.04

.04
.62

.06
.50

.05
.41

.00

.00

.00

.00

.01
1.10
.00
.00

.01

.00

.00
.00
.03
.02
.00

.05
.07

.04
.05

.04
.03

.02
.02

.30

.28

.28

.00

.00
.00
.03
.02
.00
.01

.04

.02
.01

.02
.00

.24

.29

.00

.00

.08
.19
.31

.03

.22

.00
.00

.37

.27
.46

4.75
.03
.37
.35
.43

4.60
.03
.55
.31
.54

4.92
.03
. 14
.35
.70

.05

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.14
.65

. 00
. 00
. 08
.70

.00
.00
.00
.00

.07
1.06

.04
1.97

.04
1.74

.07
1.55

.03
.92
2.59

.03
.57
2.55

3.51

.00

.01
.02
.01

.01
.01
.01

.01
.00
.02

.12

14.71

14. 28

17.90

1.99

1.78

1.37

4.00

3.46

3.57

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

2.04
.41
1.63

1. 83
.34
1.49

1.81
.31
1.51

1.30
.23
1.07

1. 10

.63
. 10
.53

.90
.30
.59

.89
.32
.57

.34
.55

Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

1.18

.78

.67
.03
.05
.15

.00
.00

.46

.40

.25

. 13

.03

.02
.02
.00

Service workers

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies




.01

.04
.28
.08
.03

.20

.55.

.02
.01
.01

.31

. 19
.91
.33

.00

.00

.43

.01
.01
.22
.04
.01

.04

.09

.06

.03

.08
.03

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.03
.00

.04
.13
.28

.19

.24

.02
.01
.01

.01
.04
.20

.01

. 04
. 03
.13
.33
. 03

.01
.01

193

.04

.00

.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01
.12

.02

.02

.88

.01

.03
.03

.03

.00
.00
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Air
transportation

Pipelines

1970

Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Baggage porters and bellhops
Barbers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives
Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm*
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

10.89
9.72

10.98
10. 36

14.52
13.96

.12
.12
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01

.08
.67
.05

.01
.00

.01

.00

.03
.35

. 06
.33

.01
.01

.01
.01
.00

. 00

Transporta­
tion
services

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.11

.11
.11
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

1.76
.13

1.50

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

1.25

.18
1.06

1.84
.07
.27
1.29
. 10

.24

. 16

. 11

.35

.21

.16

.58

.67

.88
.01

.14
.33

.11

. 17
. 38
. 12

.18
.57

.11

.00
.00
.26
.00

.00
.00
.24
.00

4.86

4.37

3.64

8.07

6.64

4.47

6.92
.61
.05

5.54
.60
.06

3.23
.63
.08

.01

.00
.01

.01

.18

. 05
2.38
. 01
.25

.01

.00
.02
-05
2.20
.01
.25
.00

.47

.40

.16

.06
2.58

.01
.01

.00

1.34
.06
.14

.00
.02

.00
1. 08
.06
. 12

194

.00

.78
.06

.12

.26

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.50

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.45

.00
.00
.16
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.53

.20

.02
.00
.00
.01

.15
.94
.37

.00

.12

.02
.00
.00
.01
.12

.83
.30

.00
.00
.01

. 10
.72
.29

.41
.15

.00
.42
.12

7.39
1.06
.04
.15
2.80

7.17
1. 18
.04
.14
2.78

7.76

.08
.91
.09

.08
.84

.07
.94
. 12

.00
.01

.96

.20
1.10

.00

.10
.01
.88

.17
.94

.00

.38
.05

1.02

.07
.14
3.26

.00
.01

1.08
. 11
.94

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Communica­
tions

Comunicatn,
utilities.
sanitry srv
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
10.83 12. 12 13.49
3.59
.03
.37
2.58

4.43
.05
.37
3.46

.20

3. 59
.04
.32
2.65
. 13
.24
.03
. 17

.14

.12

.24
.04

.11

.24
.03
.17

1970

1978

Telephone
(wire and
radio)
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

12.74

14.90

18.68

7.58

8.71

12.95

3.76

3.75

5.66

3.51

3.61

6. 15

.05

. 10
3.37
. 10
.05

.15
5.28
.07
.05

.04

•00
.17
5.78
.07
.03

.15
.04

.00
.11

3.34

.10

.01

.00

.00

.00
.12
3.09
.10
.04

.00
.10
3.23
.10

.00

.00

. 13

.00
.11

.15

.13

.00
.11

.06
.04

.05
.03

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists

.01
.01
.08
.01

. 17

.15

.03
.09

.03
.07

.02

.02
.00
.01
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.05
.05

. 05
.04

.04
.03

.05
.05

.05
.04

.02

.03

.06
.05

.05
.05

.04
.03

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1.89
.06
.60
.83

2.07
.07
.55

2.31
.08
.61

1.86
.00

2.21
.00

2.63

.91

.00

1.00
.00

1.40

.35
1.31

.33
1.65

.51
1.84

.39
.33

.38
.41

.61
.54

.23

.18

.19

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Begistered nurses

.04

.04

.05

.03

.04

.09
.03
.06

.01
.01
.11

.27

.02

.02

.01

1.02
.01
.01

1.11
.01
.01
.13
.36

. 12
.30

.00
.01
.01

.18

.00
.01
.00

.01
.02
.01
.20

.00

.00
.02
.02

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01

.00

.00
.00
.03
.22

.01

.01

.02

.01

.01

.03

. 03

.03

.03

.03

.07
.03
.05

Health technolcgists,technicians
Other health technicians

.02
.02

.04
.03

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Badio operators
Other technicians except health

.42

.54

.64

.11
.00
.02

.16
.03
.13

.22
.00
.01
.21

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists
Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists
Teachers
Adult education
Writers,artists,entertainers
Actors
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Badio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain




.02

.04

.05

.46

.04

.56

.01

.02
.32
.20

.02
.20

.44
.29
.13

.02

. 57
.35
. 19
. 03

.76
.43
.30
.03

.49
.31
.16

.13
.13

.21
.20

.20
.19
.01
.01
.01

.13

.26
.14

.00
.02
-02

2.24
.03
.04

.11

.46
.03
.06
.08
.31
.93

.21

.23

.02

.75

.01
.53
.21
.68

.39
.25
.04

.12
.00

.22
.20
.01

.04
.03

.03
.03

3.13
.05
.07
.16
.83

3.98
.07
.07

.04
.14
.44
1.13
.25

.10

4.94
.07
.08
. 14
1.17
.05
.13
. 15
.46
2. 14
.54

. 01

.02
.02
2. 70
. 04
.04
. 14
.59
.03
.07
.09
.39
1.05
.27

.42
.14

.04

.00
.01
.00

.02

195

.10
.88

.05
.13
.33

1.86

.40

.01

.36
.27

.01

.08

.01

.00

1.15
.62
.48
.05

.51
.32
.17

.02

.73
.41
.27
.05

1.36
.72
.57
.06

.24

.23
.23

.22
.02
.01
.01

.12
.12
.00

.20
.20
.00

.03
.03

.03
.03

5.85

.46

.66
.00

.98

.03
.13
.08

.07
.23
. 15

.10

.15
.23
1.65
.04
.07
.27
.56
2.28
.50

.00
.02

.08
.06

.00
.01
.01

.00

.00
.00
*01

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01

.25

.35

.46

.04

.06

.06

.00

.00

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Comunicatn,
utilities.
sanitry srv

Communica
tions

Telephone
(wire and
radio)

1970

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.86

2. 12

.96

1.08
. 01
.04
.04
. 17

1.93
1.07

1.81
.77

2.17
.95

2.35
1.25

1-82
.73

2.22
.91
.01
.00
.00
.11
.01

2.46
1.27

.17
.97

. 19

.02

.03
.05
.09

.01
.10

.56
.03

.00

6.78

.01

.06
-03

.01

.12
.01

. 15
.60
. 02

.14
.48

.01
.01

.00
8. 47

7.39
.58
.05

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.63
.08
.04
.25
.25

. 60
. 08
.27

.19
.32

Other managers,officials,proprts
flgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

6.15

7.87

6.81

5.68

7.36

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

1.25
.52

1.49
.80

.71

• 68

2.04
1.23
.04
.77

32.41

29.25

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

4.50
.03
2.48
.29
1.70

4. 41

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.12

Clerical workers




.01
.46
.01

.02

.09
.06
.31
.03
.56
.03
.05

.02
.22

.02

.01
.49
.01

.02
.57
.01
6.21

.01
.00
.00

.07

.02
.11

.77
.03

.01
.00
.00

. 14

.01
.00
.00

. 14

.02

.02

. 16
.85

.17
.74

.01

.02
-01

.01
.01

10.72

7.81

.57
.09

.58
.09

.57
.05

.36

.09
.40

.06
.46

7.53

10.13

7.23
.03

.51
•01
7.00

.56

0•
0

8anagers,officials,proprietors

1990

o

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Social workers

1978

.01
.11

.01

.01

.01

.01

.02
.00
.00

.06

.01
-11

.01
.00
.00
.11
.01

.01

.02
.01

.86
.00
.01

6.27

8.77

4.94

.37
.06

.35
.06

.85
.03

.01
.10
.20

.08

.21

.21

5.91

8.42

4.66

.43

.48

.01

.01

.28

.01
.01

.01

.05

.01

.66
.01

.01

.01

.02
.60
.01

9.55

6.53

5.46

7.92

4.03

1.65
1.03

2.29
1.62

3.42
2.48

.81

.00

.11
.00

.97
.16

1.45
.25

.62

.67

.94

.70

.81

.00
1.20

27.56

45.52

40.78

38.77

49.41

45.13

43.29

5.54
.03
3.64
-07
1.81

5.26

5.49

7.77

4.34

4.54

6.85

3. 10
.15

4.82
.09
2.83

1.96
.27
2.09

2.27
.18
2.07

3.79
. 10
2.95

1.41
.03
.04
.83
. 03
.44

1.24

.01

1.58
.03
.04
-92
.03
.51

1.44

.01
.18
.00

.01

.01
.21
.00

.05

.03

1.35
.07
.08
.39
.04
.69
.03
.05

.05

.03

.02

.02

2.67
. 16
1.56
1.24
. 05
.03

1.05
.03

.02
.76
.02
.19
.00

.68

. 02
.40
. 01
. 05

.03

196

.00

.02

2.72
.24
2.29
1.24
.07
.07
.37
.04
.62
.03
.05

.00

.02

2.22

.02

.01
.01

.99

.01

.00

.01

.01

.01
.01

1. 17

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Telephone
(wire and
radio)

Communications

Comunicatn,
utilities.
sanitry srv
197 0

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatehers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Meter readers,utilities
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telegraph messengers
Telegraph operators
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

26.79
.40
1.91
.57
.79
.25
.44
.18

23.60
. 43
1.89
.57
.87
. 23
.44
. 18
1. 29

20.97
.50
2.06
.53

39.03
.32

.86

1.12

33.87
.36
1.83
.41
1.26

.17
.49

.13
.78
.15
1.09

29.76
.43
2.50
.32
1.24
.05

. 80
. 16
1. 14

39.02
.39
1.59
.47
1.50
.13
.96
.18
1.34
.18

35.00
.47
2.30
.38
1.53
.06
1.07

.41
. 02

.50

.64
.03
.26

.59
.03
.26
. 11

.23
.08

43.72
.34
1.44
.46
1.28
.15
.90
.17
1.24
.19
.71
.03
.25
.06

.48
.33

.49
.26

.40
.23
.08

.52

1.20
.21
.47

.02
.22

.07
1.71
.38
.27
.09
1.40
.51

.21

.78

.21

.20

.00
.20

.21

.07
1.61
.44
.25
. 09
1. 47
.41
. 10

.05
1.53
.40

.20

1.68
.42

.22

.11
.00

.38
.35
.09
1.83
.34
.23
.36
19.71

.11
.21

.00

.86

. 17
.56
. 15
.82

.01

.00

.00

.68

.03
.25
.06

.00

.20

.67
. 12

1.00
.01

.23
.03

.00

.37

.09
2.41
.27

.40
13. 56

1.93
.09
.05
.29
9.68

.53
. 10
. 19
2.37
. 10

.06
23.29

16.74

12.24

.11
2.02

.21

.20

.18
10.05

6.73

.14
1.33
.27
.03
.14
4.86

5.34

5.45

5.51

8.79

9.29

9.36

9.98

10.95

.00
11.22

32.17

32.65

32.37

29.64

29. 18

29.39

33.71

34.38

35.61

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

3.11

3.43
.26

.43
.06

.52
.08

.72
. 12

.40
.03

.49
.04

.70
.06

.12
.86
.02

3.29
.27
.03
. 26
. 02
1.37
.33
. 13
. 86
.03

Blue collar worker supervisors

3.44

3.78

Crafts and kindred workers

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices
Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond,

heating,

refrig mech

Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices
Printing trade crafts workers'
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices
Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instair,splicers




.12
.02

.20

.03
.28

.02
1.21

.36

.35

.01

. 13
.16

.02
.02
.01

4.52
.17
.61

.20

.02

.01

.00

3.65

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.90
.05

.23

.11
1.10
.02

.03
.18

.03
.23

.03
.30

3.99

1.74

.81

.27

.46
.29

.02
.02
.02

.24
.74
.07
.04
.03

. 08
.04
.03

.11
.06
.05
15.61
3.72
.38
9.47
2.04

197

.00

2.17

. 16

.21
.02
.02
.01

.00

.00
.10

.00

.14

.01

.00

.00
.01
.00

1.32
.32

.55

2.10

.00
.01
.00
.11
.02
.02
.21
.00

.00
.01
.00

.01

16.96
4.06
.63
10. 02
2.25

.00

.00
.01
.00

4.40
.24
.45
.04
1.26
1.53
.04
.31
.52

17.35
3.73
.56
10.77
2.28

.21

.02
.02

.26

4. 61
.23
. 53
. 03
1. 03
1.82
. 02
.23
.73

.02
.84
1.86
.02

.00

.24

.00
.02
.01

.00
.21

.00

.03

.13

.02
.02

.00
.22
.01
.01

.28

.37

1.91

'2.44

4.25

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.93
.09
. 16
.05
. 15

1.25
. 10

.67
.06
.23
.03

.71

1.04
. 11
.25
.08

.04
.37
.07

. 04
.37
.05

.08
.52

.01

.05
.15
.06

.04
.16
.04

.09
.27

.07
.04
.03

. 10
.06
.05

.21
.11

.05
.03

.09

.02

.08
.04
.04

. 17
.08
.09

25.06

23.25

30.22

.01

21.41
4.49

20.41
4.53

.03
19.12
4.10

.10
.02

29.07

.01

.10
.01

30.24
.16
25.02
5.06

24.83
5.28

.03
23.96
5.07

.02

.00

.20
.03
.12
.02

26.06
.16

.01

.00

.02

.01

.20

.09
.24

.01

.01

.10
.01

.00

.10
.19
.04
.13

.01

.00

.21
.01

.01

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Comunicatn,
utilities.
sanitry srv

Communicat ions

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.34
.15
.75

4.02
.17
.73
2.96
.17

.43

. 40

.32

.23

3.38
. 13
.79
2. 25
. 21

.16
.09
. 16

. 19
.07
. 14

.04
.06

.18
.06
.19

5.32

5.38

6.15

.67

.70

.83

2.45

2.39

2.07

•
U
)
J

Telephone
(wire and
radio)

.39

.36

.44

.47

.49

.03

2.21

Semiskilled metalworking
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.42

.45

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.02
.02

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Hiscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

1.99

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03

.47

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

1 90
.
. 01

1.56

.01
.01
.01

.01

.33

.04

.05

.08

.26
.90

.07
.19

.08

2.87

4.09

.30

.31

.15
.03
.03
.07
2.56

2. 99
.03
. 14
. 03
.03
. 05
2.70

1.92
1.47

.03

.03

.05

.00
.01
.20

.01
.01

.07

.12

.47

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.01
.02

.07

.21

.31

.00

.00
.01

.03
.03
.03
.30

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.01
.02

.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.22

.07

.06
. 14

.32

.50

.05

.02
.01

.00
. 12
.01

.00
.21
.02

.00
.12
.01

.00
.13
.01

.02

.05
.03
. 11

.05

.04
.03

.04

.18

.11

.02
.12

.04

3.80

.05
.03
. 10

1.71

1.28

1.22

1.01

.71

1.13

.93

.55

1.30

.20
1. 10

.85
.14
.70

.21

.85

.69

.20
.6 1

.66
.18
.48

.27
. 10
. 17

.05

.17
.05

.12
.03
.01

.04
.03
.05

.04

.03
.08
.03

.07
. 03

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Gua rds
Police and detectives

.25

.01

. 02

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.19
.03
.03

. 08

3.55

.38

.35

.29
1. 13

.10
.10

.39

.32

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.28
1.06

9.33
.04
1.39
.27
3.58
.23
.06

-37

.30

.01

.01
.22
.02

.88

. 34

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01

.02
.01
.02

.72

.02
.02

.01

.22

.67

.01
.01

.01
.01

1.26

.05
.16

.27
.04
.07

.03
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.12
.01

.38

.00
.22

.01
.01

.05
.24

.01

.44

.43

.00

.03

.04
. 26

.01

1990

.00
.02
.02

.03
.40

.03
.03

.01

1978

.00
.02
.01

. 02
.04
.06

.02

.04

.00
.01

.06
.09

.01

.01
.21

.00
.01
.02

.11
.04
.01
.02
.02




.01

.00
.01
.01

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

.01

1970

.01
.01
.01
.01
.01

.02
. 01
-02
.01

.05

.64

.49

.40
.14
.25

.15
.05

.10
.01
.03
.01
.02

.01
.01
.02
.01
.01

.01
.04
.02

.04

.11

.02
.01
.02
.01

.01
. 01
.01

.05

.03

. 10
.04

•06

.07

.10
.00

. 19

.07

.09

. 17

.42

.40

.34

.08
.04

.05
.04

.01

.01

.01

. 10

9.72
.03

.47

.44

.42

198

.03

.00

.19
.17

.10

.06

.02

.08

.09

2.60

.03

.01
.02
.02
.01
.01

.00

.10
.00

5.52
.23
.04
.05

.07
.03

.06

.11
.00

.33

.30

.88
-?8

.01

.18

.03

.01

.02

.81

.01

.02
.03
.02

.02
.02

.01

8.94
.04
1.23
.28
3.76
.25
.06
. 10
. 10
3. 12

.20

.25

.01
.01
.03
.01

.23

.26

.01

.00

.02

.02
.00
.02

.02
.02
.00
.02

.01
.01
.00
.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00

.08

.07
. 12

.04
. 15

•04
.04
.07
.04
.07

.03

.09
.04
•00
.03
.05
.09
.04
.09

.11
.00

.04
.04
.07
.04
.08

.00

.00

.02

.03
.08
.07

.01

.00

.00

.03
.04
.08
.05
.08

.00
.02

.00
.00
.02
.02

.04
. 10
.09

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

197o, 1978 and projected 1990

Telegraph,
misc comun—
ication srv
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

19.30

48.46

48.05

43.86

8.91

9.47

8.45

3.29

4.70

5.71

4.66

3.72

. 09
2.74
. 14
. 11
. 00

.17
4.00

.07
5.31
.06

.06
4.33
.06
. 11

.06
3.38
.06
. 12

3.42
.06
.63
1.83
.13
.42

3.44
.07
.54
1.96
.15
..43

3. 23
.09
.59
1.70
. 15
.42

.08
.24

.06

.05

.24

.27

.00

.00

.03
.16
.03

.05
.16
.03

.06
. 14
.04

.06

.05

.01

.00

.05

.05

.05

1.91
.13
.84
.35

1.95
.14
.75
.42

2.01

.35

.23
.40

.23
.49

.04

.04

.03

.00
.10
2.59
.11
.10
.00
.02

.00

.27

.20
.20
.00
.00

.00

.12
.00
.01

.00

.00
.00

.00

.13

.01
.21

.04

.00

.04

.13

. 10

.00
.00
.11

.16
.16

.26
.26

. 19
.19

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.04

. 00
. 04

.08

. 05

•06

.04

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

4.45

5. 14

6.87

7.54

7.69

7.00

.33
3.59

.31
4. 21

.50
5.34

.08
7.26

.07
7.42
.03

.08
6.69

.00

.01
.01
.00
.22

.28

.00
.00
.00
.00

.01

.00

.01
.32
.01
.00

.00

.01
.56
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

. 26

.46

. 17

. 18

.02
.00
.00
.00
.21

. 03

.00
.00
.00

.02

.00
.01
.01
.01

.01
.00
.00
.22

.01

.21

.02
.01

.01
.00
.00

.01

.22

.25

.01
.01

.05

. 16
.70
.41

.01
.00
.00

.01
.02
.02
.02

.01
.02
.02
.02

.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

.02
.00
.02
.01
.00

.02
.00
.02
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.03

.03

.01
.02

.05
.04

.07
.06

.05
.04

1.96

2. 51

2.33

3.22
.03
3.10

3.36
. 04
3. 19

2.08
.06

.33
.03

.00

1.88
.01

.27
.03

.12
.00

.28
.04
.05

.00

. 12

.13

.14

.18

.19

.18

.18

.39
.27

.47
.31
.14

.38
.26
. 12

.04

.02

.00

.64

.00

.02
.72
.00

1.31

1.77

%97

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.97
.58
.34
.05

1.30
.70
.51
.09

1.44
.83
.56
.06

.11
.04
.01

.11
.06
.01

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.25
.25

. 40
.40

.46
.46

.15
.03

.26
.16
.09

Teachers
Adult education
Preschool and kindergarten

.05
.05

.07

.05

.00

.00

.07

.05

.04

Hriters,artists,entertainers
Actors
Authors
Dancers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Radio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain

.56

29.76
.55
.47

29.74
.50
.41

28.71
.54
.54

.18
6.85
.44
.81
.99
.98
15.49
2.96

7.45
.36
.85
.96
1.17
14.49
3.32




1970

15.91

.02

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

1978

3. 19

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

1970

Utilities
and sanitry
services

13.56

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

Life and physical scientists
Atmospheric and space
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1978

Radio
and tv
broadcastng

.00

.00

.00
.00
.00

.06

.10
.00
.00

.05
.13
.06
.16

.36

.00

.00

.00
.01
.01
.00

. 04
.04

.00

.61

.52

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.01

.05
. 13

.18
•00

.00
.00

.00
.01
.21
.01
.11

.03
. 18
.04
.18

199

.00
.10

.15

.12

.00

.02

.01
.22

.10
.07
.01
.22
- 14
.08
.04

.02

.27
8.64

.21

.40
1.51

1.10

12.94
2.55

.01

.11
.00

.10
.01

.13
.13

.00
.01
.01
.00

.49
•00

.00
.00
.12

.04

.00
.01

.03
.28

.00
.01

.01

.02
.20
.20
.00
.01
.01
.00

.01

. 16
. 16
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.56

.49

.14
.04

. 10
.04

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.02
.02

.00
.02
.02

.33
•00

.31

.01

.01
.01

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Telegraph,
misc comunication srv

Radio
and tv
broadcastng

Utilities
and sanitry
services

1970

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,finaneial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.97
.91

2. 49
1. 16
. 00
.00

2-94
1.60

1.64

1.81
1.09

1.71
1.09

1.91
1.14

2.07

1.51

.00

.00
.00
.00

.06

.30

.23

.07
.08
.19

. 12
.06
. 11
. 11

.00
.00
.00

.16

.00
.20

.00

.00

.31

.59

.29
.67
.07

.00

.68
.12
.00

14.73

16. 82

18.11

.92

.87
. 22
. 06
. 20
.39

.79

.10
.00

.22

.08
.25
.37

1.01
.00
.00
.00

.17
. 14
.03
.27

.00

.00
.00
.00

.25
. 11
.04
.28

.23
. 08
.06
.25

.02

.10
.11
.00
.10

.00

.00

.00

.22
.01
.00

5.45

6.33

6.98

.68
.08
.07
.39
.15

.62
.08
.04
.35
.15

.59
.06
.03
.33
.18

5.71

6.39

.42

.04

17.89

1.74

1.80
. 17

.16
.41

1.90
.26
.03
.13
1.49

.09
1. 43

.05
1.58

15.96
. 01
2. 17

17.32
.03
2.34

16.50
.04
.45

17.37
.05
.43

16-09
.08
.48

4.77

.00

.00

.88
.01

.35
.03

19. 10

.21
.01

1.20
.02

.14
.36
.03

.03

.20
.02

.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.02

0
0

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

1990

o
S
'

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Recreation workers

1978

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

13.82

.01

.01
.40
.01

11.67

13.77

14.95

15.99

16. 87

15.52

4.35

5.27

.47
. 00
5.90

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

.87
.04

.14
.04

7.82
7.82

10.08
10.08

12.95
12.95

.85

.73

.70

.00
.00

.04
.79

.04

.83

. 58
. 05
. 00
.53

.68

.07
.61

44.89

41. 17

38.08

18.63

17.00

18.93

19.23

18.23

16.65

13.76
.03
4.51

13. 16

15.55
.04
7.56

8.54
.07
7.31
.05
1.13

7.93
.05
6.91
.04
.93

9.87
.06
8.72
.06
1.04

3.7 3
.03
2.24
.35

3.37
.03
2.25
.17
.93

3.37
.03
2.48
.05
.81

.48
.06

.45

.37

.05
.25

1.08
.06
.03
.55

.87
. 06
.03
.53

.02
.50
.02

.02
.37
.01

.02
.21
.00

.05

.05

.03

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Ty pists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunc h
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.01
2.13
.00

.00

.10

9.12
1.13

.10

.06
.55

.01
.36
.03

.02

.00

.02

5. 06
. 04
8. 04
1.54
. 04
.03
1. 16
. 01
. 27

.00

.00
.11

.00

7.95
1.17

.01
.01

.99

.01
.00
.00

.15

.01

. 02

200

.02

.00
.00

.02

.00
.00

.02
.01
.22

.21
.00

.00

.02
.01
.20
.02
.08
.00

.04

.04

.05

.01
.11

.05

.03
.13

.01

1.11
1.01
.12

.01
.01
.01

.01

.02

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Radio
and tv
broadcastng

Telegraph,
misc comunication srv

Utilities
and sanitry
services

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Meter readers,utilities
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heal estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telegraph messengers
Telegraph operators
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

30.00
.40
3.54
.58
.71
.03
.30
.15
.75

26.48
.43
3.70
.48
.77
. 02
.32
. 16
.76
. 20
.47

21.36
-62
5.14
.17
.78

9.60
.18
2.72
.05
.15

8.63
. 17
2.46
.06
. 15

8.69

13.78
.51
1.95
.73
.49
.35

12.40
.56
1.63
.74
.48
.30

.38

.08

.01
.01

14.50
.48
2.14
.72
.46
.38

.07

.40

1.43

.00

.21
.25
.00

.24
.99
.25
.19

.51
.27

. 16
.40
. 12
.05
.25
.24

1.32
.19
.31

. 47
.58
. 00
.70
. 00
.24
.36
1 03
.
.30
3.94
6. 15

.16
.46
. 17
.06
.28
.23

.17
.04
3.44
.37

.17
.03
3. 15
.40

3.02
.32

.19
.09
.96

.18
.08
.95
.57

. 14
.07
.75
.45

.02

1.77

.20
.56
.00
.47

.68
.00
.61
.00

.28
.31
.93
.42
5.26
7.00
3.49

.00

.20
.00

.48

.01
.01

.00
.81
.00

.00
.15
.00

.15
.75

1.11
.11

1.23
.09
.26
.09

1.15
2.96
.93

.69

1.06
.09
.25
.07

.10
.01
.20

.30

.00
.21
.00

.97
. 16

.20
.05
.00
.00

1.88

23. 08

22.25

3.63

3.20

3.66

34.71

35.96

35.28

.55
. 08

.62
.03

.64
.30

.82
.43

. 00

.00

.00
.00
.00

.65
.28

.41

.27

.25

.03
.27

5.94
.46
.06
.50
.03
2.53
.62

6.07
.39
.04
.49

.35

5.80
.34
.06
.56
.03
2.28
.71

.08

.02
.00

1.55
.05

1.47
.06

1.88

5.15

5.31

4.32

.70

1.07

1.60

.00

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00

.01

.00

.05
.07

.13
.06

.08

.00

.01
.00

.07

.01
.00

2.13

2-67

3.61

.47

.56

.99

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.10
.00
.00
.00
.10
.00
.00
.00

. 08
. 00

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

3.14
.07

1.29

1.30

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.27
.19
.07
16.38
.41
.03
10.47
5.48




.00
.00

2.41

.00

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers

.01

2.39

.50

.00

.00

.12

. 16

.02

2.53

.53

.24
.49
. 12
.06
1.73
.31

.00

4.2 3

.00

.06
.05

Blue collar worker supervisors

.68
.00
.00

.01

.12

.03
1.78

23.19

.00

.01

.11
.21

.00

2.01

.00
.00

.00
. 17
.00

.09
.30

.11
.21

.00
.00
.46
.00

3.34

.33

.21

.00

. 00
3.39

.10
.00
.00
.00

.00

.20
2.70
.10
.12
.00
.06
.01

.00

.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00

.00

. 00
. 08
. 00
. 00
. 00
3. 18
. 11
.09
.31
. 60
. 08
. 06
1.65
.28

4.73
.18
.13
.48
.89
.03

1.65

.00

.02
.00

2.67
.15

1.39
.06

1.05
.04

.02
.01
.01
.19
.01
.00
1.05
.01

. 32

.54
.34

. 10

-20

.13
.08
.06

. 16
.09
.07

15. 80
.30
. 04
9. 96
5. 50

12.39
.06
.08
9.14
3.11

.44
.06

.38
.03

.20

.22

201

.02
.01
.01

.13
.03

.00
.22

.16

.02
.01
.01

. 14

.00
.20

. 15

.34
.03

.21

.02
.25
.01
.31
.04
.04

.01

8.15
.29

1.02
.01

.00
.00
.21

.22

.02
.54
.01

.41
.04
.04

.02
8.13
.37

.18

.02

2.38
.63
. 19
.05

.01

.91

.01

.57
.03
.03
.03
7.4 8
.38
.69

.00
.12

.88
.01
1.86
3.53
.00
.10

1.42

1.38

. 10
1. 01

.26
. 17
.09

.06
.04

.06
.03

.02
.01
.01

.26

8.59
7.32

9.22
7.84

.09
.06

.09
.07

8. 16
7.33
.72
.07
.04

.01
.00

. 18
.07

1.56
3.72

.02

1.12

.02

1.22

.00

2.26
3.01
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Radio
and tv
broadcastng

Telegraph,
misc comunication srv
1970

1978

1990

.65

.33
.16
.05

.13

. 49
- 10
.23
. 01
. 06
.09

.79

.82

Operatives,except transport

.31

Semiskilled metalworking
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, other
Motion picture projectionists
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Surveyors* helpers
Drillers, earth
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

1970

1978

.30

. 16
. 00

.27

. 14

.01

.00
.00
.00
.02
.01

.80

.57

.55

.30

.31

.39

.02
.00
.00
.02

. 02
. 02

.01
.00
.00
.01

.03
.03

. 01
. 01

.00
.00

.26

. 27
. 00

.31

.12
.28
.01
.11

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.00
.00

.00
.11
.02

.00
.00

. 04
. 00

.51

6.27
.29
1.33

6.23
.25
1.37

7.63
.32
1.24

4.34
.30

4.33
.27

5.80
.27

.63

10.00

9.85

11.34

.36

.32

4.55

4.31

3.72

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.86
.01
.02

.01
.02

.01
.02

.83

.87

. 89

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.03
.03

.02
.02

.01
.01

.39

.36

.32

3.66

3.39
.03

2.79

.03

.04
.08
.13

.02

.00
.01

.17

.00
.00

. 17

.00
.00

.00
.00

.07
.15

.07
. 13

.18

.19

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.19

.00

.02
.02

.12

.18

.00

.90

.02

.02

.02

.03
.80

.03
.51

.00

.93

.01
.01
.02

.07
.06

.02
.01

.47

.01

.01

.01

.07
.06

.48
1.93

2.02

.50

.44
1.65

.31

5.45
.05
.19
.05

5.55
.06
.16
.06

7.61

7. 34

.00
.05
.00

.00
.05
.00

.41

.03
.03
.07

.04
.03
.06

. 10
.03
.09

.00
.07
.00
.00
.00

.00
.09
.00

.01
.11

.01

.02

. 17
.05

.01
.02

.08
.07

. 14
. 11
. 12

5.04

.08
5.18

1.61

1.31

1.05

1.68

1.31

1.31

2.62

2.38

1. 84

. 83

.58
.16
.42

1.09
.32
.77

.81
.27
.54

.91
.31
.60

2.09

1.87

1.28
. 14
1. 14

1.04

.22

.21

.82

.62

.12
.06
.02
.00
.03
.03

. 08
. 04
. 01
. 00
. 02
. 02

Health service workers

.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.06

.06
. 00

.00

.03

.02
.00
.01

.39

.03

.05

.04

.04

.01
.01
.00
.01
.01
.00

.02
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00

o
o
•




.03

.00
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.48

.00
. 15
.00

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

1990

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.20

.00

. 16
. 08

.00
.22
.00
.12

1978

.04

.00
.00

.48

1970

.07

. 00

.15
.08

1990

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

•
o
o

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

Utilities
and sanitry
services

.01
.00
.02
.00
.01
.00

.04

.42

.35

.24

.00
.01
.02
.00
.01

. 00
. 01
.34

.02
.17
.01

.40

.02
.02

.00

.00

.00

.04
.28
.07

.04
. 26
.05

.06
.34

.00

202

.02
.00
.01
.00
.01

.02
.11
.01

.01

. 16
.05

. 18
.03

.17

.12
.00
.00
.12
.00

. 11

.00
.00

. 10

.00

.22
1.88
.07
.03

.01
.01
.01
.02
.01

.04

.20

1.67
.05

.02
.00
-01
.01
.01
.01

.04

.01

.00
.02
.01
.00
.01

.00
.02
.01
.00
.00

. 12

.41

.40

.36

.35

.04

.01

.00
.00
.12
.00

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.05

.01
.00
.01
.01

. 02

.02
.03

.00
.02
.01
.00
.00

.46

.02
.00

.43

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Telegraph,
misc comunication srv

fiadio
and tv
broadcastng

1970

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle vashers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

 0 - 8 1 - 1 4
343-899


1978

.36

.31

.00

.00

. 17

. 14

.09

.00

.00

.00
.00
.05
.00
.00

• 00
.04

.07
.07

.07
.05

.00
.00

203

1990

1970

.28

.82

.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.12

.01
.02
.66
.01
.07
.02
.00
.00

.04

.03

Utilities
and sanitry
services

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.72

.77

18.23
.07
2.71
.43
7.17
.42
.08
.13
.17
7.04

17.06
.08
2.33
.43
7.36
.45
.09
.13
.16
6.04

18.79
.06
1.69
.41
10.89
.42
.06
.08

.01
.02
.58
.01
.07

.02
.00
.00
.02

.01
.01

.67

.00
.06
.01
.00
.00
.02

.11

5.07

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Electric
light
and power
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers
Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers

1978

Electricgas
utilities
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Gas steam
supply
systems
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

13.27

12.08

12.46

12.90

13.27

9.18

9.73

9.06

5.73
.05
.46
4.20
.17
.54

5.87
.07
.48
4. 25

5.70
.05
.41
4.15
.23
.60

4.54
.08
.41
2.55
.15
.70

4. 24
.08
.33
2.43
.17
.67

4.50

2.13
.13
.36
.23
.24
.57

1.95
.14
.27

2. 15
. 18
.30
.23
.25
•60

.01
.00
.12

.21

.60

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.01

.18

.08
. 17

.06
.19

.13
.51

.15

. 20

.18

.14

.01
.01

-00
.01

. 10
•46
.17

.10

.37
2.44
.24
.77

.00
.00

.09
.51
.25

.00
.01

.00
.02

.00
.01

.09

. 10

.14
.05
.04

. 02

.06

.07

.05

. 10

.05

.05

.05

.00
.10

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Draft ers
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

2.48
.07

2.67

2.83

1.04
.74

1.39

.60

2.56
. 09
.90
.69

.01

.68
.02

.29
.49

.31
.56

.29
.48

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.04

. 05

.02
.00
.00
.02

.01
.01

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.01
.11

.09

.01
.01
.02
.01

1.02
.01

.02
.02

. 11

.02
.01

.01

.00
.01

.33
. 02
. 13
. 19

.15

. 00

.44
.33

.10
.02

.17
.17

.01
.01

.02
.02

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.68

.75

.19
.05

.05

.00

.05

.03
. 17

.05

.11
.00
.00

.10
.00
.00

.00
.00

.01

.01

.07

.07

.08

2.83
.14

1.53
.05
.82

.79

3.44
.19
1.45
.92

.02

.22
.01

1.51
.06
.72
.25

1.91
.08
-87
.26

.24
.38

.26
. 41

.37
.49

.14
.28

.14
.33

. 19
.51

.07

.05

.04

.03

.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.02

.02
.00
.00
.02

.01
.00
.00
.01

.03

.02

.03
.03

.04
.04

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.18

.20
.02

.11
.01

. 15
.03

.06
.04

.59
.09
.13
.37

.74
.09
.16
.49

.71
.05
.08
.58

.82
.48
.32

.73
.45
.27

.68

.82
-59

.70
.53
. 16

.11

.02
.13
.02
.66

.42
.23

.02
.22
.22
.01
.01

.01
.22
.21
.02
.02

.69
.17

.02
.00
.02

.00

.03
. 44
. 01

.01

.20
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00

.50
.35
.13

.21

.04
.39

.15

.38

. 10

.06
.18

.26
.26

Teachers
Adult education

.16

.00
.00

.11

. 10

.01

.57
.39
. 15
. 04

Social scientists
Economists

.38

.25

.01

.27

.00

.00

. 10

.09

.11

.05

.01
.00

.02
.03
.00

.01

.09
.09
.34

.09

.00

.00
.01

.04

.02
.02
.00

.01
.10
.12

.22

.25
-54

.00
.00

.01

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists




1978

12.40

.00
.02
.12
.03
.00
.02

Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

1970

.49

.00

204

.00

1.21
.02

.01
.01

.02

.01

.08

.52
.14

.02

.08

.02

.20

•08

.00

.01

-04

.02

.33
.32

.31
.31

.25
.25

.39
.39

.36
.36

.03
.03

.04
.04

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.89 * 1.01
.28
.30
.07
.07
.06
.09
.06
.05
.38
.46
.03
.04

.91

.57
.07
.04

.00
.00

.72
.09
.05

.00
.00

.74
. 12
.06

.45

.57

.56

.20
.04

.11

.03
.49
.04

.02

.01

.00
.00
.00

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Electric
light
and power

Electricgas
utilities

Gas steam
supply
systems

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Archi tects
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officiaIs,proprietors
Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade
Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators
Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.36
1.45
.03
.04
.18
.09

1.78
1.15

2.79
1.67
.05

3. 10
1.80
.04

2.85
1.94
.03

3.15
1.99

3.35
2.05

2. 19
1. 31

.37

.01

. 18
.54
.04

.09
.35
.26
.53
.03

.26
.31

.02

.16
.55
.06

.21

.41
.03

2.57
1.54
. 03
.04
. 13
.19
. 17
. 44
.03

.26
. 16
.42

5.12

5.78

6.34

5.09

5.89

6.70

7.31

8.37

9.21

.94

. 84
. 10
.05
.54
. 15

.83
.07
.04
.56
.17

.98

.88

1.12
.12

.53
.23

.94
.09
.04
.45
.37

1.04

. 11
.06
.46
.25

.13
.53
.33

.07
.48
.36

1.23
. 11
.07
.56
.49

5.51
.03
.64

4.11

5.01

5.76

6.19

7.33

7.98

•46

4.94
. 03
.48

.43

.01

.47

.01

.58

.01

.62

.00

.64

.72

3.68

4.43

4.82

3.66

4.52

5.16

5.55

6.67

7.24

.96

1.27

1.22
.02

1. 17

.02
.05
1.11

1.34

1.79

1.33

.65

.08
1.26

.09
1.69

.01
.10
1.22

.12

.10

.09
.61
. 15
4.18

.02

.01

1.04

.01

.02
.01

.13
.09
.13
.25

.01

.00
.11
.20

.12
.11

.01

.00

.01

.00
.09
.20

.01

.00
.00

.17

.22

.02

.01

.00
.00
.10

.58
.05

.12

.02

.00

.00
.00
.02

.02

.02
.00

.01

.01

.07
.96

. 06
. 89

1.15

.05
1.15

20.98

19.83

20.23

27.12

26.30

24.54

28.39

27.71

26.12

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

4.28
.03
2.60
.50
1.15

3. 80

3.86

2. 58
.23
.96

2.98
.05
.81

4.81
.06
2.62
.50
1.63

4. 18
. 06
2.58

4.03
.09
2.83
.07
1.03

5.40
.06
3.63
.36
1.36

5.09
.05
3.70
.19
1.15

5.81
.05
4.60
. 06
1. 10

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.13

1. 19
.06
.03
.57
.03
.45

.97
.06
.04
.47
.04
.32

1.74
. 14
.06
.40
.04
.97
.05
.08

1.79
.08
.04
.82
.03
.73

1.21

1-40
.13

1.52
.07
.09
.81

1.02

.01

.01

.47

.25

.08

.06

.06

.03

Clerical workers




.10

.04
.29
.04
.59
.03
.05

.02

.01
.11

.02

.01

.00

.04

.03

205

.20

1.35

.01

.00

. 10
.03
.59
.04
.39

.01

.12

.40

.02

.63
.03
.06

.01

.01

.24
.40

.06
.08
.59

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Electricgas
utilities

Electric
light
and power

Gas steam
supply
systems

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
flail handlers,exc post office
flessengers and office helpers
Meter readers,utilities
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heal estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Misc clerical workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

15.57
.50
2.26
.96
.4 1
.36

14.84
. 53
2. 03
.97
.46
.34
. 12
. 19
1.69
. 30
.29
.23
.04
3. 10
.45

15.40
.59
1.69
1.17
.50
.37
-16
.26
1.34
.45
.27
.25

2 0.57
.57
2.54
.73
.82
.51
.17
.33
2.57
.31
.56
.28
.07
3.69
.61

20.32
.62
2.34
.77
.91
.52
. 17
.33

19.30
.64
1.90
.85
.92
.53
.17
.39

21.58
.42
3.35

21.10

19.29
.58
2.44
1.44
.76
.56

.34
.45
.27
.07
3.75
.61

.41
.35
.27
.04
4.52
.41

.12

.18
1.57
.27
.36

.22

.05
3.31
.42

.02

2.88

2.12

.72
.74
.18
.30
1.92
.25
.34
.27

.45
3.05
1.28
.79
.70
.19
.30
2.16
.26
.27
.25

.02

.21
.22
.02

4.52
.40

4.29
.44

4.07
.44

.31

.26

.17
.13
2.04
.44

1.22

.02

.21

.35
1.57
.30

.60
.96
.38
2.28

2. 13

3.84
.30
.03
.23
.08
.58
.75
.16
2.36

45.36

45. 85

46.05

39.34

39.63

39.70

35.62

36.52

39.40

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

7.44
.55
.05

8.14
.56
.05
.36

6.46
.44

6.39
.50

7.44
.67

5.43

5.26

.21

6.80
.23

.04

.04
2.83
.81

.03

.03
. 19
.03
.47
.71

.28
.07
.60
.72

.10

8.05
. 80
. 05
.23
.05
5. 40
.38
• 00
.29
.71
. 14

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.36

fletalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.07

Crafts and kindred workers

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices
Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices
Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instair,splicers




.02

.25

.11

.20

.04
5.25
.36

.00

.24
.64

.01

.46

.01
.00

.43
.08

.01

.06

.02
6.20
.10
.00
.97
.01
1.53

2.02
.01
.10

.02

.23
. 09
.65
.79

.21

.02

5.56
.42

.00

.00

1.45

.89
.05

.01

.01
.02

.06

.01

3.65

6.30

6.96

2.85

.90

2.54

.57
.04
.14

1. 19

.52

.44
.05
.07

.26
.05

.49
.09

.02

.00
.01
.42
.01
.00
.05

.03

20. 83
17. 62
3.01
. 11
.09

1.78

.04

.10
.07

.01

.00
.01
. 38
.01
.00
.03

.01
.00

.00

.45

.01
.00

.00

.03
.03

.07
.08

11.53
.48
.03

15.23

16.25
1.74

17.04
2. 10

.00

1.21
.00

1.20
.00
1.01
.00

1.94
5.42

2. 13
6.06

2.03
9.90

2.47

3.37
10.08

.08
1.82

.03
1.59

.09

.08
.05

.00
.00
.00
.00

.50
.03
1.33

.00

9.99
8.77
.87

10.36
9.15

.06

.15

206

.02
.00
.21
.04
.00

.01

.03

21.56
19.43
1.96

.21

.00
.01
.25
.01
.00
.02

.01
8. 16

.02

.01
.02

.12

.00

.01

.03

.02
11.11

.01
.02

.03

21.04
17.82
3.03

.00
1.68

5.14

1.28

.01

3.48

.00

.08
4.80

1.38

.00
.11

.02
.00
.02

.01
.12

.13
3.53

5. 96

.02

• 08
.04

.02

1.07

10.63
.39
.04
1.49

2.09
.03

.26

6.33

6.68

1.82
1.94

1.02
.00

.44
.83

.01

.02

6.24
. 13

.00
.90
.01
2.22

3.05

.20
.02

.05

.02

.00
.86
.01

2.86
.78
.00
.20

.02
. 16
.01

2.22

.04
.14

.02
.11

.20

.21

1.85
.05

.02

.09
.05

.11

.01
.11

1. 04

1.46

.09

3. 14

3.40

. 62
. 07

.10

.00

2.55
.58
.27
2.90

2.48

.01
.00

.11

.00

2.46
.70
.41
2.92

1. 83

.01
.00

.00

.09
1.45
.78
.27
2.98

5. 04

.01

.01
.21

.13
1.79
.90
.35
2.92

.11

.01

.02
.21

.15
1.71
1.05
.62
3.04

.19
1.97
.06

.33
.72

.06
1.42

.01

.02
.21

.00

.88

10.63
9.63
.80

.18
.15

.08

.12

.00

.00
.89
.00

10.10
.00

.00
.76
.00
.00
.10

.08
.96

.63

.10

.11

.00

.05

.00

.04

.05

.06

.07

1.97
1.75
.14
.04
.04

1.51
1.31

.44
.33
.04
.04
.04

1.00

.09
.04

.11

.04
.04

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Electricgas
utilities

Electric
light
and power

Gas steam
supply
systems

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Punch,stamping press operatives
Beiders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

4.16
.30

3.78
.24

3.75
-25

4.76
.29
.03

4.36

3.60
.18

6.16

.01
.00

5.88
.08

5.65
.05

.51
2.82
.54

. 00
.49
2.58
.46

.11
.00
.00

.34
2.57
.60

.77
2.19
.44

2.09
3.89
.08

2.44
3.29
.07

2.87

.51

1.67
1.94
.48

6.67

6.42

6.61

7.79

7.53

8.02

9.51

9.37

10.72

4.70

4. 34

3.89

5.06

4.80

4.38

6.30

6.15

5.80

.92

1 03
.

.01
.02

1.00
.01
.02

1.37

1.35

1.41

1.72

1.82

2.24

.03

.04
.84

.05
.95

.05
.92

.02

.00
.03
.01

1.31

1.30

1.36

1.72

1.82

2.24

.02
.02

.02

. 02

.00
.00

.06
.06

.05
.05

.04
.04

.02
.02

.02
.02

.00
.00

2.89
.03
.03

3.63

3.41
.03

2.93

4.55

4.31

3.56

.04
.08

3. 30
.07
.03
. 01
.08
. 06

.18

.03
.14

.09

.07

.07

.05

.04
.04

.00
.00

.01
.02

.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Binding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

3.76
.05
.04

1.66

.03
.46
1.77

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Bailroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

1.97
.04
.05
.05

.01

.00

.00
.00

.00

.06
.07

.02
1.80
2.10

.00

.02
.00
.00
.01
.21
.00

.22
.04
.02

.00
.00
.01
. 16
.00

.00
.04
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02

.00
.00

2.68

.06

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.41
.01
.02
.00
.29
.00

.00
.06
.00
.01
.00
.33
.00

.38
.05
.35
1.85

.83

.45

. 15

.00

.02
.66
.02
.02
.00
.40
.00

.47
1.91

.50
2. 12

.52
1.95

.98
2.29

1.03
2.43

1.03
2.05

2.08
.05
.04
.05

2.72

2.73

3.64

3.21

3.22

.00
.02

.00
.01

.72
.05

.00
.00

1.92

2.65

.06
.06
.17
2.14

.14
• 06
.06
.03
3.35

.00
.66
.06
.00
.00

4.92

.04
1.79

2.73
.13
.17
.07
.06
. 12
2.18

2.44

2.50

3.96

2.73

2.52

2.32

2. 18

1.97

1.88

2.31

2.03

1.44

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

2.14
.24
1.90

1.97
.23
1.74

1.63

1.52
.27
1.25

1.27
.31
.97

2.04
.19
1.85

1.82
.16

1.43

1.64
.25
1.39

1.66

1.34
.07
1.27

Food service workers
Baiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Baiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.10
.00

. 07

.08

.14

.01

.11
.01

.09

.06

.03

.05

.03
. 01

.06

• 03

.00
.02
.01

.12
.03
.01
.00
.02
.01

.03

.03

.04

.03

.05

.03

Health service workers
Hursing aides and orderlies

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.02
.02
.02

.06

.06
.03

.05
.03

.05
.03
.03

.05
.03

.04
.03

Service workers

.Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives




.02
.04
.01

1.27
.03
.43

.00

.01
.01
.01
.02

.00

.02
.04
.01
.66

.00

.02
.00

.01

.03
.03

.20

.00

.00
.01
.01
.02
.01

.01
.01
.02

.02
.01

.01
.01

.43
.04

.40
.03

.54

.01

.02
.01

.35
.03

.33
.03

.00

.01

.51

207

.07
.05
.06

.05
.05
.06

.00

.00

.11
.21

.00
.02
.01

.00

.34

.02
.00

.30

.02

.00

.00

.02
.00

.30

.00
.01

.06
.04

.00

.02

.00
.88
.08
.00
.00

.00
.01
.01
.00
.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.02
.01
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00

.03

.03

.01
.00

.01
.02
.00

.02
.01
.01
.00

.46

.15

.13

.15

.13

.02
.00

.02
.00

.27

.44

.01

.00

.00

.00

.01
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

•06

.00
.00

.06

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation., 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Electric
light
and powec

Electricgas
utilities

Gas steam
supply
systems

1970

laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

5.71
.13
2.45
.42

5. 37
. 15
2.33
. 40

5.10
.09
2.37
.39

4.83

5.91
.03
4.07
.26

4.95
.04
3.24
.26

3.42
.07

.01
.20
.01
.12

. 12
.23
2.04

.01

.24
. 01
- 12
. 13

.21

1.76

208

2.92

4.62
.07
2.74

.01
.22
.01

.04
.39

.05
.48

4.55
.05
2.73
.27
.06
.50

.09
.14
.09
1.70

.14
.06
.29

. 16
.06
.23
.62

. 16
.04
. 12
.62

.10

.22

.00
.68

.22
.00

.00

.00
.10
.00
.10
.04
.20
1.10

.00
.11
.00

1.66
.31

.00
.11
.00

.09
.04

.02

.97

.26
.95

.20

.04

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Water
supply
1970

Total all occupations

1978

Sanitary

1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Other
utilities
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

7.22

6.97

7.01

2.32

2.50

2.47

5.04

4.76

3.57

2.67
.03

.80
.03
.55
.06
.03
.06

.69
.05
.46
. 06

.94

.78

.00

.10
.00

.55
.04
.03

.51

.02
.04
.00

.73
.08
.03

.00

.69
.04
.44
.06
.03
.05

.16

. 15

2.75
.18
1.78
.27
.09
-24
.03
.16

1.19

.29
.09

2. 24
. 04
1.47
.28
.09

.07

.06

.06

.24

.10
.00
.21

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Marine
Physicists and astronomers

.68
.00
.10

.72
. 00
. 17
.48
. 03
.05

.59

.25

.27

.20
.00
.10

.02
.00

.48

.49

.01
.00
.25
.00

.20
.00
.00
. 14
.00

.23

.05

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.02
.02
2.29
.04
.46
.95
.08

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

1.88
.21
.01

.51
.03
.04

.00

.01

.20
.01

.19
.34
.03
.04

.00

.00
.05
.20
.00
.00
.00

. 01

.01

.00
.00

.01
.01

2.22

2.21

.04
.46

.05
.38
.36
.04

.00

.00

.04

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.46

1.49

1.45

1.33

.07

.18
.61

.17
.63

. 10
.69

.04

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 10

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.25
.07

.00

.00

.06

.03

.05

.04

.03

.49

.10

.00
.01
.02

.00

.00

.08
. 15

.15

.02

. 01
.08
. 16

.01
.01
.02

.01
.00
.02

.04
.05

.02
.00
.01
.01

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.05
.05

.08
. 08

.07
.07

.15
.15

.22
.22

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.26
.03
. 16
.08

.32
.03
. 18
. 10

.25
.05
.09

.02

.14

.21

.12

.04
.09

.03
.04
. 13

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.14
. 11
.03

. 16
. 12
. 04

.15

.03
•01

Social scientists
Economists
Teachers
Adult education
Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Radio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain




.00
.02
.02
.00
.00

.05

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 01

.01
.00
.00

.21
.01

.26

.04
.04
.09
.03

.06
.03

.01

.31

.01

.01
.11

.04
.09
•06

.11

.04

.01

.00

209

.03

.04

.01
.01
.01

.21

.00
.02

.03

.10

.02

.00

.04

.45
.33

.55
.38

.41
.30

.17

. 11

.00
.00
.01
.01

.00
.00
.01
.01

.03

.05

.04

.01

.03

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.04

.04

.00
.00

.00
.00
.55
.00
.00

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.06

.00
.00
.65
.00
.00

.01

.02

.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.70
.00
.00

.00

. 16

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.18

.02
.02

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses

.10

.00
.00
.09
.00

.00
.21
.00

.08
.15

.00

.25

.00

.00
.00
.00

.30
1.07

.04

. 10

.01

.00
.00
.00

.01

.88

.01

.31
.44

.09
. 18

.00
.10
.14
.02
.01

.08

.34
.42

.49

.00

.02

.00
.00

.00
.12
.00
.00
.02
.02

.27
.05

.00
.00
.22
.00
.00

.00

.31
.03

.00
.00

. 12

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.28

. 12

.00
.00

.00
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Bater
supply

Sanitary
services

Other
utilities

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

•85
.57
•04

.91
.57
.04

.60
.30
.05

.40
.08
.19

.11

.64

1.07
.43

.00

.00

.39

.12

•03

.06
.03
. 19

.07

.01

.03

.03

.02
.10

.93
.48
.07
.07

.70
.49

.00
.02
.01

.50
. 10
.24

.17

.08

.00

.02
.01

.17

.00

.00

-02

.02
.09
.00

.01

.00

.02

.09
. 01

9.21

11.32

13.00

2.84

3.54

3.98

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Purchasing agents,buyers,other
Sales manager, exc retail trade

.20

. 19
.05

.19
.05

.08

.07

.04

.05
-03

. 12

. 11

.02

.00
.12
.02

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Other managers, administrators

9.00
.52
8.48

11. 13
. 54
10. 58

12.81
.57
12-23

2.68

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

.16

.16
. 04
. 13

.15
.07
.07

.00

.00

.14

.05

21.55

19.95

17.21

3.59

3.33

1.93
.27
1.37
.83
.29
.03
.15
•01
.29
.07

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Meter readers,utilities
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Real estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




.02
.02

.02

.02

8.57
.67

.18

.00

.03

10.20 10.68
.65

.64
.41
.23

3.93
.09
3.84

7.90
.28
7.62

9.55
.32
9.23

10.05
.33
9.71

.02
.00
.02

.46

.40

.47

.04

.46

.40

.47

3.41

3.73

4.36

14.91

14.78

12.95

3.45

1.09

1.15

1.44

1.98
. 15
1. 18

2.23
.05
1.15

.70
.05
.33

.78
.03
.34

3.82
.03
3.06
.09

3.99
.03
3.26
.03

.42

3.86
.03
2.89
.16
.78

.75
. 14

.49
.09

.09

.33

.71

1.09

.59

.02

1.20
.00
.00
.75
.01

.46
.27

.16
.28

9.96
.79
2.31
.37
.27
.24
.18

9.77
.85
2.35
.34
.32
.23

.02

.02

.01

.02

.24

.31

.01
.12

.01
.22

. 05

.03

15.87
1. 17
2.45

13.27
1.45

8.24
.29

7.01
.33

.17
.04
.42
.52
.23

. 15
.04
.46
.43
. 17

.01

.10

.16
.07
.07

.00
.00
.00

.49
.18

17.13
1.09
2.51
.73
.40
.36
.07
.17
.51
.06
.24
.08

.01

.13

.01

.00
.00
.45
.20

.01

2.22

.68

.4 0
.48
.23

. 46
.33
. 08
.18
. 58
.06
. 19
. 08

.10
.20

.40
.05
.14
.09

.01

.01

4.94
.34

.01
.12

.01

.06
.41
.31

.02
.00

.16

.05

.01

2.76
.07
.05

.00

.02
.00
.03
.01

.00
.02
.01

3.47
.09
3.38
.04

.00

.02
.00
.02
.00
.02
.02

.01
.00

2.24
.07
.64
.06
.09
.06

2.25
.07
.63
.07
. 11
.05

.07
.03
.06

.13
.08
.03
.05

.01
.12

.01
.01
.11
.14
.00

.03

.02

.00
.02
.02

.01

2.22
.07
.81
. 10
.09

.02

.03
. 12
.03

.03

.03
. 16
.03
. 11
.06
.23
15.58

.01
.02

.08
. 18

.00

.02

.00
1.00

.00
1.02

.21
.00
1.11

.09
.15

.22

39.42

40. 84

45.23

14.21

15.69

.11

.00
.00
.68
.00
.01
.01

.02
.04
.01
.03
.01
.21
.00
.02

. 18
.08
.08
. 13
.23

210

. 15

.28

.00
1.00
.01

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

.34

.00
.22
.00
.12
.03
.00

.00

.66

.20
.00

.27

.00
.00

.00

.68
.00
.00
.41

.01
.00

. 17
8.37
.76
2. 17
.08
.30
. 18
.24

.00

.19

.00

.00

.09
.03

.03
.03

2.97
.33

2.65
.44

.00

.00
2. 18
.58
.00

.42
.18
.15
.27
.15

.41
.24

.27
.27

.97

1.04

.00
.02
.00
.00
1.10

20.44

21.83

24.30

.00

.00

.00

.11

.14
.07

.00

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Mater
supply

Sanitary
services

Other
utilities

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

6.25
.32
.13

6. 11

7.77
.40
.05
.23
.06
.74
.98
.03

3.12
.09

2.73
. 11
.08
1.51

2.06
. 13
.04
.98

5.55
.33

5.40
.35

5.48
.38

.00

.00
1.16
.00

.52

.27
.37

.39
2.54

.42
2.35

.37
2.33

.21

.15
.17

.00
.01

.00
.00

.49
.64

.00
.00

.47
.63

.27
.64

.00

.00
.01

. 18

.03
.25

Blue collar worker supervisors

5.43

6.35

6.05

3.02

3.76

3.22

4.67

5.61

6.26

.47

.55

.94

.27
.03

.45
.03

.51
.09

.06
.05

•86
.09
.13

2.15

.05
. 02

.01

.21
.03
.00
.00
.00

.65

.15

.65

1.92

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Rollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.20

.35

.11

.04
.49
1.38

.19
.04
.54
1. 15

.40
3.27

.34
3.37

.02

.02
.00

.02
.04
.02
.01
.32

.01

5.04
.03

.02
.00

.00

.02
.01

.39

.10
1.81
.01

.17
.62

.00

.00
.12

.00

.00
.00
.00
.21
.01
.00
.00
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00

2.09
.03
.82

1.70
.05
.32

1.09
.06

1.29

.00

.01
.00

.09
•00

.38

.00

.10
.00
.00
.31

5.41

.04

.60
.70
2.09
.34
.13
.98

.48
.59
2.49
.38
.13
1.13

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.07

1.07
.79
.27

3.55
1.62
.61
2.09

.03

.02
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.36

.28
. 15
.08
.04

.10
.02

.08

.09
.04

.01

.04
.04

.01

.02
.02
.03
.01

.02
.02
.04
.01

.01
.02
.04
.00

14.94

15.25

22.09
.28

5.72
.44

6.75
.41

8.08
.60

3.80
.27

2.08

1.90

1.25

1.50

1.47

19.82
.09

3.96
.05

4.79
.04

5.99

. 12

.00
.02

.67

8.39

8.48

17.54

17.86

5.53

5.61

4.31

2.31

Semiskilled metalworking
Helders and flamecutters

.23
.23

.28
.28

.42
-42

.14
.14

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.01
.01

. 01

.00
.00

.02
.02

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers
Other crafts, kindred workers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Ope rati ves
Operatives,except transport




.00

2.14
5.02
.45
3.78

.02

.22
.01

.22
.00
1.88
.00
12.71
.12
8.20

.20
.00

.00
12. 86

.00

.00

.00

.01

211

2.06

.02
1.02
.00
.86
.07

.00
.10

.00

.02

.00

.00

.09

.00
.00
.00

.23

5.20

12.28
.04
.46
• 00
2.63
5. 16
.44
3. 55

8.28
.04
.39

.00
.00

.00
.00

4.85

11.94
.03
.52

Meehanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.01

.06
.07

.00
.00

.00

.00

.01
.01
.01
.02
-02

.01

.00

.00
.00

1.50

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01
.01
.02
.01

•01

.01
.00
.00
.02
.00

.00
.20

.00
1.17
.00

.01
.00
.00

.03

.00

.00

.00

•00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

•00

.00

.76
.65

.00
.20

.80
2.98
.28

.10

1.05

.00
.00
.18
. 17

.10
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

4.00
.23
.13
.82

4.83
.41
.13
.76

2.60
.15

2.72

3.47
.06

19.71

7.29

7.93

10.71

2.21

2.07

2.37

2.42

2.30

.19
.19

.27
.27

.76
.76

.80
.80

.83
.83

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.01

.00

.02
.00

.12

.00

.00
.11

.00

Table 1. percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Water
supply

Sanitary
services

Other
utilities

197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives* exc transport
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Photographic process workers
Sawyers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

5.28
.03
.04

5.32
. 04
.04

3.90
.05
.04

2.15

2.00

1.80

1.61

1.62

1.46

.06
.05
.14

. 04
.03
. 11

.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.36

.16

.03
.04

.14
.14

.08
. 14

.04
.24
.45
4.19

. 04
. 14
.48
4.37

.06
.07
.47
3.12

.77
.25

.86

.64
.27
.87

.99
.23
.43

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

2.67
.03

2.78
.03

4.16
.03

15.22

15.66

17.64

.05

.07
.07
3.89

.06
.07
.05
.18
14.86

.07
.07

2.29

. 10
. 06
. 17
2.41

4.21

3. 82

2.86

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

3.39
.16
3.23

3. 03
. 14
2.89

2.16
.06
2.09

1.52

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

.03

.02

.03
.03

.02
.02

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators

.04

.03

.01
.01
.01

.01
.02
.01

Protective service workers
Crossing guards,bridgetenders
Guards
Police and detectives

.74
.05
.67

. 72
. 04
. 66

.64
.05
.59

Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.02

.02

.00
.10
.20

.01
.02
.01

.02

10.05
.03
4.61
.16
.07
.82
-05

.00

.08
.13
4.09

.01

.01

.02

.00

.00
.12

.04

.02

8. 55
.03
3.70
. 16
.07
. 89
.05

.00

6.07
•06
1.89
.15

.00

.10
.86
.04
.00

.07
. 13
3.44

.04
.17
2.75

212

.00
.00

•00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.13

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.20

.00
.00
.00

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

1.01

1.27

.07
1.36

4.92
-34

8.42
.29

.06
.08
.06

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

5.51
.35

15.29

17.44

4.58

5.16

.00
.00
.00
.00
8.12

2.18

1.87

.98

2.89

2.79

2.32

1.73

1.39
.17

.49
.07
.43

2.04
.06
1.98

2.09
.04
2.04

1.86
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

•00

.00
.00

.00
.00
-00
.00
.00
.00

•00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.85
.48
.37

.00

.71
.41
.30

.00

.45
.37
.08

40.38

37.31

35.00

2.67
.25
2.73
2.52

2.27
.27
2.71
2.13

1.23
.30
2.50
1.67

• 16
29.49

.25
.03
. 13
28.90

.00

.21

.00
.11

.12

1.22
.00
.00

.00

.02
.02
.02
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.02
.02
.01
.01
.00
.00

.41

•44

.46

.38

.42

.45

.03

.00

.02

.03
.03

.00

.00

.02

.02

57.46
•02
.96

54.76

31.04
.67

32.03
.69

52.91
.03
.34
.69
38.03
.46

.86

.00
.00
.28
.01

23.61

.02
.86

.79

.00
.00

.23

.02

20. 14

.00
.00

.06
.03
13.27

.24

.00

.00

.16
.16
.18
31.70

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

.00
.18
.11

1.85

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

.00

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation.

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Wholesale
and retail
trade
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Wholesale
trade

1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00
2.61
.29

2.84

1970

1978

Wholesale
exc misc
whsle trade
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

2.55

4-43

4.72

3.93

4.81

5.08

4. 14

.21

.95
.04
.03
. 16
. 10
. 14

.88

1.35
.04
.03
.24

1.17
.04

.11

.02
.22
.11

1.08
.03

.18

.17

.09
. 17

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01

.04
.03
.04

.04
.03
. 04

.03
.03
.03

1.09
.04
.04
.17
.09
.14

.01

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

. 08
.04

.06
.04

.41
.18

.32
.16

.29
. 15

.53

.41

.20

.37
. 19

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists

.01
.00
.02
.00

.01
.01
.02
.00

.04

.03

.01
.02

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.01
.01

.01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.15

.03

.03

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
Optometrists
Pharmacists
Segistered nurses

•64

.01
.01
.61
.01

. 60

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.01
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
fiadio operators
Other technicians except health

.03

.00
.11

.05
.04

.25

.01

.00

.00

. 15

.02
.01

.13

.12
.01
.01

.11
.01
.02

.09
•01

.01

.08

.07

.09

.02

.00

.09

.00

.00

.02
.02

.02
.01

.02
.02

.02
.01

.02
.01

.01
.01

.14

.52
.03
.03
.17
.14
•02

.52
.03
.03
. 14
. 16

.51

.59
.03
.04
.17

.59
.03
.04
.15

.54
.03
.03
. 16

.14

.03
.13

.03
. 10

.04

.05

.05

.05
.04

.05
.04

.05
.04

.01

.01

.63

.04

.01
.00

.01
.01

.01

.04

.10
.02
.01

.20

.00
.00
.02
.02

.00
.00

.03

.02

.01
.01

.02
.01

.01
.01

.03

.01

.11
.03
.01

.11
.02
.01

.13
.03

. 11
.03

.06

.08

.07

.07

.09

.07

.43

.22

.56
.30

.16
.04

.21

.73
.34
.30

.51
.26

.01

.45
.25
.16
.04

.59
.28
.24
.07

.05

.15
.15

.21

•21

.16
.16

.14
.14

.10
.20
.20

.03

.07
.05

.4 1

.00
.00
.02
.02

.22

.07

.01
.00

.03
.03

.03
.03

.00

.01
.01
.00

.04
.03

.04
.03

.45

.50

.41

.01
.00

.39

.01
.00

.43

.01
.00

.01
.00

. 17
•04

.01
.00
-02

.03

Writers,artists,entertainer^
Athletes and kindred workers
Dancers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.00
.00
.02
.02

.20
.02

. 10

.05
.05

.04

.01
.00

.08

. 19
.09
.07

.02

.15
.08
.05

.01
.02

.02

.58

.02

.03
.09
.06

.03
. 13
.04
. 16
.08

.05
.03

.07
.06

.01

.04

.01
.01

.09

.03
. 16
.15
.03

.11

.01

.56

.02

. 12

.00
.00
.01
.01

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.01
.02
.11

.03

.02

.00
.00
.01
.01

.07
.07

.01

.12

. 13

.01
.01
.59
.01

.05
.05

.01

.13

.03

.01
.01

Social scientists
Economists




.02
.02

.01
.01

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.22

.02
.20

.01
.01

. 01

.14
.08
.05

.14
.09
. 14

.02
.01

.01
.01

.01
.00
.02

.02

.01
.00
.02
.00

.01
.01

.00

.03

.01

213

.57
•02
.03

.12

.04
•16
.09
•01
.06
.05

.00

.01
.00

• 01

.12

.02
.00

.00

.01

.00

.00

.20

.06
. 14
.14

.02
.01
.00
.34

.00

.00

.15
.04

.14
.04

.16
.04

. 14
.04

.01

.00

•06

.07

.06

.05

.06

.04
.09

.03

.13
.03

.16
.04

.02

.02

.13

.16
.03

.02

.01
.12
.01

.01
.11

.00
.01

.00
.01

.01

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Wholesale
trade

Wholesale
and retail
trade

Wholesale
exc misc
whsle trade

197 0

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.75
.98

.85
.55
.03
. 00
.03

.69
.47
.03

1.02

1.47

1.22

1.45
.99
.03

1.59

1.23
.97

.03

1.60
1. 13
.05

.14

.01

.07
.26
.05

.09
.26
.04

.06
.15

.02

.08
.27
.05

.02
.00
.02
.20
.02

.00
-02

.21
.01

.01

.01

.95

.02
.01

.01

1.11

.04

.01
.10

.27
.04

.02
.02

.06
. 15

.02

17.51

18. 11

17.72

18.15

19.26

17.97

18.13

19.06

17.37

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade
Sales manager, ezc retail trade

3.67
.09

3.78
.08

4.93

4.71
. 17
. 16
.38
1. 10

4.88

.08
.82
2.09
.61

4.60
. 19
. 19
.45
1.17

5.33

.34
.53
1.36

.33
.79
1.40

.18
.65
1.18

4.75
.18
. 16
.54
1.04

.60

3. 47
.09
. 13
. 11
. 85
1.69
.61

2.51

2.60

2.90

2.62

2.67

2.83

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

13.84
.52

14. 64
.53

13.94
.50

13.22
1.29

14.66
1.26

13.26
1.15

12.80
1.28

14. 18
1.23

12.62

.01
.02

1.00
.01
.01

11.42

2.40
11.03

11.90

13.37

12.08

11.48

12.92

11.60

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worxer
Auctioneers
Demonstrators
Hucksters and peddlers
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

21.41

19.09
. 03

19.88
.03

.01

15.95
.04
.03

16.76
-05
.03

18.21
.04

.33
1.25

.25
.81
.08
18.70

.02
.00
.00
.00

17.70
.03
.04
•00

19.82
.03
.03
•00

19.70

.29
.97
. 14
17. 65

.00
.00
.00

16.75
.03
.04

15.88

16.68

18.15

16.68

17.62

19.76

Clerical workers

17.76

18.09

19.16

24.32

23.07

23.22

24.67

23.40

23.28

2.91

.01
2.20

2. 80
.00
2.21

2.88
.00

6.99

6.63

7.08

6.61

6.91

2.34

.05
.65

.03
.56

.02

5.39
.14
1.44

5.31
.09
1.23

5.84
.06
1.17

6.95
•01
5.35
.13
1.45

5.27
.09
1.25

5.62
.06

.61

.59
.05
.06

.46
.05
.07
.17

1.35

1.28

.11

.90

.11

1.43

1.37

.07
.52

.05
.39

.13
.29

.08
.60

.89
.09
.04
•46

Managers,officials,proprietors

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.22

.13
.95

1.68

.00

2.56
10.75

.02
.01

.10

.10
.08

.11

.00
2.68

.00

.02

.10
.01
.26
.01

.22
. 01
.20
.00

.05

.52

.05

.01
.11
.00
.04

214

.20
.00

.01
.02

.00
.00
.00

.01

.21
.12
.25
.02

.00

.01
.02

.01

.00

.01
.01

.01

.20

.00

.01
.02

.00
.00
.00

.20

.20
.00

.00
.00

.01

.10

.00

.00
.00

.01

1.22

.65

.48

.02
.01

.02
.27
.00

.02
.69
.02

.50

.02
.01

.02
.24
.00

.09

.08

.05

.08

•08

.04

.02

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Wholesale
and retail
trade

Wholesale
exc misc
whsle trade

Wholesale
trade

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Oispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators^other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Hail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Hisc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors
Hetalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and moldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

14.24
.26
3.40
4.75
.13
.07
.48
.08
.32
.09
.24

14.70
.28
3.21
5.53
. 15
.07
.51
.08
.38
. 10

15.82
.35
2.77
6.75
.17
.08
.59
.08
.30

15. 15

15.43

4.68
.30
.23
.03
.99
.34
.27
.45

4.40
.31
.26
.03
.97
.13
.37
.26
.37

15.48
.71
3.99
.35
.24

.01

15.25
.78
4. 12
.34
.26
.03
.98
.19
.28
.27
.37

16.30

.20
.01

15.98
.67
4.81
.29
.24
.04
.93
.18
.36
.24
.43

.13
.04
.13

. 12
.04
. 15

.90
.19
1.16
.19
.05
1.41

.19
.05
.18
.45
2.31
.38

1.04
. 12
.05
1.45

.18
.05
. 19
.40
2.07
.41
1.48
.17

.17
.04
.18
.44
2.50
.38
1.89
.27

.16
.04
.19
.39
2.28
.41
1.64
.18

.05
1.69

2.16

2. 19

.17
.03
.17
.32
2.29
.40
1.48
. 13
.09
2.58

2.23

2.25

2.66

9. 10

9.02

8.99

11.18

11.57

11.98

12.01

12.46

12.82

.70
.26

.65
.26

.54
.18

.93
.24

.02

.86
.22
.01

.85
.17

.81
.15

.76
.15

.70
.14

.03
.08

.05

.05

.01

.02
.00

.23

.05

.03
.26
.03

.24

.05

.09
.19
.06

.15
.14

. 14
. 13

.15

.16
.17

.15
.15

. 11
. 17

2.63

2.87

.22

.11

.17

.00

.13

.02

.14
.17
.87
.23
1.03

.21
. 81
.21

.01
.02

.01
.02

.09

.10

.09
. 02

.01

.01

1.68
.27

.11

.22

.68

4.51
.30
.26
.03
.92
. 18
.40
.25
.36

.01

.11

.21
.01

.04

.02

.02
.01
.08
.10
.01
.02

1.11

1. 18

1.12

2.54

2.69

.19

. 19

.21
.01

.02

.59

.60

.02
.04
.10
.11
.01

.01
.11
.02
.00

.02
.10

.09

. 01

.01

.13

. 12

.02
.00

.02
.00

.02

.02
.02

.01

.01

.01
.12

.66

.12

.01

.12

.01

.02
.02

.03

.01
.00

2.76

2.43

.02

.02

.71

.02

.66

.01

.12

.01
.02

.01
.00

.02

. 18
.30
2.64
.41
1.59
. 15
.07

.01
.02

.02
.00
.01
.00

.01

.01

.50
.05

.39
.05

.46
.05

.43
.03

.02

. 15

.65

.36
.04

.01

.00

.63

.01

.46
.04

.02

.02

.99
. 14
.24
.26
.39

.01

.01

.74

.02

.04

.01

.04
. 01

.03
•02

.09
.05

.07
.04

.08
.06

.07
.06

.07
.05

.08
.07

Meehan ic s,re pa irer s,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

5.15
.23

4. 96
.29

5.15
.26

5.26
.24
.04

5.59
.30
.04
• 00
.04
1.05
.37
.40
1.87
. 14
.57

5.76
.25
.05

6.62
.24
.05

6.89
.27
.05

6.93

.00

-21
.07
.00

.06
1.27
.37
.51
1.91
.17
1.03
.19

.05
1.18
.52
.57
2.31
.17
.75
.15

.04
1. 17
.72
.61
2.29
. 18
.82
. 13

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.01
.02

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Telephone installers,repairers

.05
.05




.01
.01

.46
2.53
.06
.23
.54

.21

.02

. 01
.34
2.31
.09
.23
.64

.02
.01

.37
2.38

.00
.05
1.10

.69
.23
.26
.17

.26
.34
1.53
.14
.77
.14

.12
.22

.26
.24

.00

.22
.20
.20
.00

.38

.41

.43

.64

.11
.01
.68

.07
.03

.07
.03

.06

.16
.08

.00

.01

.00
.04
1.02

.53
.44
1.96
. 15
.65

.10
.01

.00

.01

.01
.86

.01
.68

.57

.82

• 16
.07

.15
.07

.06

.13
.06

.15
.08

.11

.02
.02

.02
.01
.02

.02

.06

.06

.07

.05

.05

.06

.05
.04

.04
.03

.19
.18

.18
.17

.16
.15

.27
.27

.24
.23

.21
.21

215

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation#

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Wholesale
and retail
trade

Wholesale
trade

Wholesale
exc misc
whsle trade

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Millers, grain, flour, feed
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.83
.35
.13
.14
.07
.37

1.92
.34
. 11
. 15
.05
.52

1.89
.26
.08
.15
.05
.60

1.50

1.50
. 19
.04
.06

1.58

1.13
.30

1.16
.27
.03

1.23
.30
.03
.00
.04
.04

. 03
.09

.03
.09

.00

.03
.08

.01

.00

.00

.01

.00

.20

.04
.05
.25
.08
.01.

.01
.10
.03
.20
.10
.01

-21
. 12
.01
.01
. io
.02

.21

.03
.07

.20

. 14

.01
.02

. 13

.01

.06
.14

.07
. 13

.09

. 12
. 00

.15

.01

.00
.12
.01
.02

.01
.01

. 23
.09
. 01
. 19

.00
.01

.01
.21
.00
.00

. 04

.04

.13

. 12

.13

.00
.01
.01

.05

.01
.12

.05
.14

.00

.01

.00

.09
.06
.08

.01
.02

.01
.02
.02

.19
. 12

.00
.02

.09
.05

. 11
. 05
. 06

11.45

9. 92

8.65

7.43

6.24

5.13

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.20
.01
.00
.01
.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.20
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

.21
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.01
.01
.00

.02
.02
.04
.02

.02

.14

.02
.02
.04
.02

. 15

.16

.49

.54

.62

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Meat wrappers, retail trade
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

1.16
.28
.74
.14

1 09
.
.28
.67
. 14

1.06
.28
.64
.14

2.38

.00

2.21
.00

2.44

.00

1.82
.57

1.65
.56

6.06

4. 95
. 01
. 14
. 02

3.86

4.94

.19

.02

.02
.01

.45
.06

. 12
. 39

.13
.23

. 00
.03
1. 88

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers




.01
.02
.02

.13
.13
.38

.00
.00
.03
2.88
.01
1.19

.01
.04
.01

.03
.06

.06

.03
.07

17.32

16.45

8.05

7.91

.72
.03

.73

.03

.00

.27
.03

.24
.05

.28

.30

.01

.00
.01

.09

.00
.02
.01

.01

.00
.01

. 10

.00
.02

.06

.06

.02
.05

17.42

15.83

14.95

16.32

8.17

8.18

7.84

8.01

.81

.63
.04

.64
.03

.02
.01
.02

.73

.03
.03
.44

.03
.03
.55

2-88
.00

2.67

3.09

1.81
.63

2.06
-82

1.89
.78

4.98
.03
.52
.07

4.92
.03
.73
.08

4.66

4.54
.03
.59
.07

.39
.18

.01
.01

. 38
.17

.01
.01

.45
. 10

.01
.01

.52
.07
.03
.15
-19

.06
.14

. 06
.08

.07
.04

.01

.04
.13

.01

.01

.62

.53

.41

.92

.76

.01

.00
.01

.02
.72
.01

.96
. 01
.05

.05

.01

.01

. 08
. 02
. 04
. 06

.08

.02

.02

.01

.00
.10

3. 68

3.52

9.27

1.92
.24

.02
.00

.00
.00

. 01

.02

.03
.08
.0 1

.01
.01

.01
1. 68

.01
.00
.02
.00

.05

4.02

.01

.03
.03

.05

.06

.42
.53

.02
.01

.24

.02
.01
.22
.01
.01
.10
.00
.02
.02

.00

.03
1.29

. 01

.00

.47
.61

.05
.07

.02
.02
.00
.02
.00

.00
.02

.01
-02

.42
.53

.02

.04

.02
.00
.02

.03
.05
.04
. 12
.08
.05
.05
1. 10
1.32

.09

.02
.01
.02

.02
.00

.02

.00

.01

.05

.02
.02

.04

.01

.01

.00

.05

.01

.00
.10

.00

.03
.07
.02’
.03
.04
.03
.40

-02

.01
.01

.00
.12
.02

.02
.02

.00

.02
.02

.00
2.22

.87
4.19

.02

.14
.16

.82
.07
. 01
. 14
.07

.04
.08

.03
.03

.02
.01
.01

.00
.12

.01
.01
.01

.58

.00

. 11
.03
. 05
.04
.09
.07
.03
.05
1.14
1.48

.03
.07
1.09
1.41

1.01

1.15

1.21

8.54

9.25

7.65

7.11

.02

8.31
.01

.02

.03
.06
.04
.06

.10

.01

.05

.02
.01

.09
.03
.06

.01

.03
.05
.03

.01

.07

.02

.06
1.05

.08
.03
.06
.03

.02

.08
.03
.08
.94
1.04

1.56
.31
.03
.03
1.60

3.97
.71

3.34
.82

3. 17
.96

3.69
.65

3.02
.73

2.83
.82

.04
1.79

. 28
. 03
.04
1.65

.08
4.48

. 06
4.29

.03
5.07

.07
3.22

.06
3.26

.03
4.62

14.41

17. 13

17.72

1.31

1.20

1.05

1.36

1.24

1. 11

.02

216

.01

.01

.00

.01

.01

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Wholesale
and retail
trade

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.78

.65

.82

.67

.64

. 19
.59

. 16
.49

.88
.00
.21
.67

.19
.62

. 14
.53

.18

.15
. 00

.16

.24

.19

.21
.00
.01
.08
.01

1970

Cleaning service workers
Lodging gtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Pood service workers
Bartenders
Baiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt
Health service workers
Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Barbers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives
Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1,04
.03
.36

1. 12

.87

.01

.84

.03
.41
.69

.31
.55
16.31
1.26

5.63
.84

15. 42
1. 18
.81
4.09
. 81
1. 61
5.93
1. 00

.01

.66

12.82
.94
.49
3.01
.78

Wholesale
exc misc
whsle trade

Wholesale
trade

.00
.20

.00

.00

.00
.01

.00
.00

.00

4.72
.94
1.85
5.58
.97

.00
.00
.07
.01
.02
.02

.06

.01
.02
.02

.06

.08

.03

.02

.02

.06

.04

.04

.03
.03
.08

.06

.05

.01

.01

.01

.01

.01

.01

.01

.01

.36
.05

.40
.05

.35
.05

.11
.02
.00
.00

.09

.06

.03
. 15

.11

. 01
.03
. 18
. 12

.11
.02
.00
.00

.17

.04
.03

.04
.04

.18
.16

.02

. 17
. 16

.02

.17
.16

.01

.17
.16

.00

.00

5.75
.04
.03
.08

5. 81
.05
. 02
. 07

5.33
.03
.03
.05

7.35

6.97
. 15
.03
.09

.85
.05

. 83
. 06
. 00

.79
.07

1.12

.01
.01

.01

.00
.01

3.55
.24
.49
-39

1.01

.00
.01
.01

.00

.00

.11

.00

.00
.01

.01

3. 73
.25
.42
.34

3.53
.19
.35
.28

217

.01

-12

.03

.11
.01
2.20

.07

.00

.02

.02

.03

.04

.09
.03

.08

.01

.02
.00
.00
.02
.04
.01

.00
.00
.04
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.04
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.03
.00
.01

. 16
.16

.15
.14

.00

.15
.15

.00

.16
.15

.17
. 16

6.23
.06
.03
.09

6.44
.17

.02

6.11
.21
.02

.06

.05

5. 13
.07
.03
.04

.02

.01

.09

1.91
.03

1.77
.03

1.54
.03

.03
1.72
.09
1. 19
.82

2.29
.17
1.38
.37

2.25
.16
1.29
.30

1.73

.01
2.11

.08

.01
.02

.01
.02

2.08
.14
1.45

2.09
. 13
1.29
.96

1.12

.01

.00
.00
.07
.01

.00

.01
2. 10
.01

.02

.01
.00

.00

.01
.00

.00

.01
.01

.10
.20

1.38

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,
Motor
vehicles
and equip
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers

1978

Drugs,
chemcls and
allied prod
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
2.46

2.65

.39

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

2-18

.34

1970

1978

Dry goods
and apparel

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
6.20 6.51 5.28

.00
.00

.07
.09

.00
.00

.99
.32
.04
.08
.06
.13

.87
.31
.03
.07
.05
. 13

.80
.28
.03
.07
.03
.17

.08

.08
.07

.05
.07

-19
.14

. 14
. 11

. 14
.08

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00

.75

.76

.68

.62

.03
.08
.54

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.03
.03

. 02
. 02

. 12

. 12

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Other engineering,science teca
Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Other medical and health tech
Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians
Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.00
.01
.01

.09

.10
.00
.00
.12

.00
.00

.30

.00
.01
.01

.00
.01

. 01
.09
.09

.00
.00

.08
.64

.02
.02

.01
.00

.01
.00

.02
.01
.00

.12
.00
.00

.93

.89

.75

-32

.30
. 11
.03
.03
.40

.02

.01

.01

.04

.12

.04

.03
.04

.03
.03
.41

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.06

. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

. 00

.05
.03

.02

.33
.27

2.92

3.32

2.89

.10
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01

.09

.07
. 00

.04

.02
.00
.00
.02
.01

.04

.01
.00
.00
.02
.01

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.06

.06

.06

.00
.00
.00
.02
.02
.02

.00
.00
.01
.02

.03

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01

-01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.00
.00
.01
.02
.02
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01

.02
.01

.07

.04

.07
-03
.03

-05
.03

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.12

.09
.03

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.03

.02

.01
.00

.01
.00

.08

.05

.24
.18
.05

.39
.29

.46
.31
.14

.38
.23
.14

.37

.32

.00

.29
.19
.05
.05

.08
.08

.06
.05

.12
.12
.01
.01

.31
.31

.43
.43

.30
.30

.08
.08

.12
.12

. 10
. 10

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.51
.03

.59
.03

.50
.04

1.37

1.57

1.32

.07
.07

.14
.08
. 10

. 12
.08
.08

.23

. 16

. 04

.03
.03

.22

.27
. 19
. 06

.01

Social scientists
Economists

-12
.12

. 17
. 17

Teachers
Adult education

.04
.04

. 04
.04

.21

.24
.03

.03

.01
.02
.01

.28
. 18

.14
.03
.02'
.33

100.00 100.00 100.00

.07

.03

.01
.01
.02
.00
.00
.11

.17

.02
.21

1990

.10
.02
.01
.00

.09
.03

.02
.01
.01

.03

.21

.02

1978

.17

.07

.01
.01
.01

.01

.02
.12

.01
.01

.02

.04

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.01

.02

. 03
.04

.16
.04




.01

.04

.01
.02

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Authors
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.02
.01

1970

.02

.01
.01
.02
.00
.00

. 13
. 03

218

.01

.01
.01
.01
.02
.00
.00
.10
.01

.10
.00

.00
.12

.01
.20
.01

.03

.00

.00

.01

.01

.00
.01

.01

.00
.00
1.10
.04
.14

.00
.10
.00

.22

.00
.00

1.24
.04
.17

.00
.12

•00

.03

.22

.00
.00

1.07
.04
. 11

.00

. 10

.00

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Motor
vehicles
and eguip

Drugs,
chemcls and
allied prod

Dry goods
and apparel

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.24
.85

1. 36
.97

1.10

1.97
1.17

2.04
1.26

1.40
.98

.99
.74

1.08
.83

.95
.79

.08
.03

. 12

.06
.08
.23
.03

.18
.04

.17
.03

.00
.01
.01
.01
.02
.10
.02

.01
.00
.01
.00

.07
.28
.03
20.73

.89

.00
.01
.01
.01
.02

.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.08
.28

,03
.15

.11

.01

.37
.19

. 13
.37
.13

21.16

16.49

17.53

17.39

18.86

19.75

17.70

4.11

5.61

5.30

.17
1.15

1.11

.49

.28
.97
3.84

5.37
.18
.24

5.68
.28
.36
2.77
2.27

5.11
.26
.18
2.36
2.31

4.79
.19
. 11
1.97
2.53

13.18

14.64

12.91

.02
22. 11

.01

.02
.00

.01
.00

.00
.01
.01
.01
.01

.02

.01
.00
.00

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

4.68
.17
.35
1.47
2.70

1. 25
2.72

2.68

3.80

Other managers,officiaIs,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

16.04

17.78

17.05

.00

10.88
.01

12.23

.01

12.02
.01

1.04

1.13

1. 14

1. 19

.01
.01

14.91

16.66

16.00

.03
9.70

.01
1.11
.00
.00

11.06

10.81

12.06

13.53

11.77

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Auctioneers
Other sales workers

19.22

20.08

21.16
.03

22.42
.04

24.82
.05

25.84

.00

.02
.00

23.56
.03

.04
19.17

21.64
.03
.04
21.57

22.32

.02
.03
20.02

.00

.02
.00

21.13

22.38

24.77

22.30

23.54

25.82

Clerical workers

.00
1.12
.00
.02

.02

4.33
. 16

.20

.00
1. 10
.00
.02

.11

.00
.02

.22

.02

.00

.21

.01
.02

.00

.88

4.06

.01
1.10
.00
.00

.01

1. 13
•00

.00

25.32

23.91

23.19

30.06

28.02

26.59

31.64

29.55

29.96

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Medical secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

4.97

4.65

4.69

8.95

8.43

9.03
.04

7.91

7.86

.01

.02
.00

7.40

6.34

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

.91
.07
.03
.42

343-899
0 - 8 1 - 1 5


.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.01

.02

. 01

.02
.00

6.77
. 12
2.03

6.66

7.46

5.96

.86

3.81
.07
.81

.05
1.70

1.52

1.81

5.80
.06
1.53

1.44
.17
.09
.32

1.45
. 08
. 06
.65

.91
.05
.04
.44

2.21
.22
.10

2.09
.09
.05
.97

1. 17
.03

.02

.02
.74
.00

1.73
.40
.15
.25

1.49
.17
.08
.53

.75
.03
.07

.58

.34

.90

.37

.76

.56

• 06

.03

3.83
.13

1.00

.01

3.69
.09

.01

.01

.01

.00

219

.47
.03
1.29
.04
.07

.01

.06

.00

.00
.01

.11

.02

.01

.02
.00
.02

1.49

.01

.29

.01

.00

.00

.14

.13

. 10

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Motor
vehicles
and equip

Drugs,
chemcls and
allied prod

Dry goods
and apparel

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, otner
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

18-91
.57
5.62

17.81
.56
5.20

17.59
.55
4.93
.28
.27

18.90
.73
3.72
.36
.32

17.49
.72
3.38
.38
.34

16.39
.75
2.80
.48
.30

22.01

20.67
.94
5.58
.28
.35

21. 19
1.04
5.61
.23
.33

1.97
.09
.37

1.94
. 10
.39

1.94

1.15
.05
.34
.37
.63

.33
.65

.20

.25
.03
1.14
. 12
.49
.34
.44

.01
.00

.17
.05
.15
.29
2.91
.43
3.38

.22

.28

.02

1 13
.
. 12
.54
.34
.37
. 02

.02
1.11
.12

.36
.36
.36

.02
.00

.00

. 17
. 04
. 16
.26
2. 69
. 47
2. 88
. 14

.15
.04
.15

.01

.22
.56
.00

.01

.20

.46

.00
.11

.23
. 14
.46

.03

.00
.02

. 19
.03
. 18
.52
2.69
.47
1.67
.17
.07
3.57

. 14
.41
2.84
.41
1. 14
.03
3.96

.24
.06
.24
.73
4.55
.76
2.43
.34
.03
2.49

.21

.00
.00

. 13

.01

.21
.01
2.12

.01
2. 20

2.64

.04
.18
.59
3.01
.44
2.09
.27
.08
3.60

14.04

13.72

14.02

4.68

4.92

5.43

.53

. 51
. 12

.52
.13

.11
.01
.01
.12
.00
.01

.20

3.03
.49
2.44
.09

.01

.95
5.87
.28
.32
.03
1.17
.05
.32
.39
.76

.11

.01
.00

.02

.01
.00

.24
.05
.26
.65
4.17
.82

.02
.00

.24

.02

.24
.03
2.50

.24
.54
4.90
.79
1.59
.24
.03
2.90

4.39

4.56

5.14

.24
.07

.23
.07

.27
.09

2.00

.01
.01

.00
.02

.75
.13

.02
.02

.68
.13
.01
.01

.60
. 13

.01
.01

.00
.01

.14

.00
.01

. 12

.15
.03

. 15

.01
.00

.07

.16
.06

.26
-13

.23
. 12

. 16
. 14

.01
.00

.00
.02
.06
.01
.00
.01

.07

.00

.02
.00

. 14

.00
.01

. 10

.23
.05

.01
.00

.00
.00
.21
. 05
.00
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

2. 17

2.41

2.83

2.33

2.52

2.87

2.08

2.27

2.68

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

1.28
1.15
.03

1.24
1. 10
.03

1.10

.23
.16
.06

.24
. 17
.06

.28

.21

.07

.04
.05

. 04
. 05

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Loom fixers
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

9.48
.06

8. 96

.82

.90

.36

.02

.07
.03

.39
.03

.41
.04

.03
.45
7.01
.04
1.44
.03

.02

.33
6.31
. 04
1.73
.03

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices




.01

.00
.01

.02
1. 18
.06
.22

.00
.00

.91
.05
.03
.05
.07

.01

8.93
.06
.08

.01

.23
5.93
.05

2.20

.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.77

.01
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.14

. 12

.02

.38

.02
.45
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.12
.02
.57
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.07
.00

.00
.01
.05
.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.06

.00
.00

.03

.02
.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.20
.02
.02
.00
.00
.00

.17

.00
.00

.03

.00
.00
.00
.05
.00
.23

.02

.02

.02

-02
.00
.01
.00
.00

.35

.34

.26

.18

. 18

. 14

.06

.05

.03

.06
.03

.06
.03
.03

.02
.02

.04

.15
.07
.08

. 18
.08
.09

.22
. 10
. 12

.14
.07
.07

.18
-09
.09

.32
. 18
.14

.00
.00
.03

.02

.04

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03

.03

220

.02
.00
.00
.00

. 04

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Motor
vehicles
and equip

Drugs,
chemcls and
allied prod

Dry goods
and apparel

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furriers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Motion picture projectionists
Shoe repairers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

199(f

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.51

. 54
. 02

.60

.56
.04
.07

1.57

1.49

1.46

.02
.01
.00
.00
.10
.20
.01
.00
.00

.45

.48

.01
.00
.00

.02
.01
.00
.00

.04
.04

.00

.04
.07

.00

.12
.00

. 12
.23

.14
.24

.04
.15

.05
. 17

.06
. 18

.01

.02

.00
.00
.00
.10
.00
.00

.02

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.09

.07

. 00

.00

.02
.00
.00

.00

.04

.00

.05

.04
.08

. 03
.08

.04
.08

.04

.03

11.50

10. 83

11.51

11.44

11.12

5.78

5. 42

5.57

5.3 1

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.91
.03
.05

.02

. 88

.59

. 04
.07
.03
.05
.03
. 01
.64

1.01
.01
.02

Semiskilled packing, inspectingPacker,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

1.28
1.28

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

3.59
.48

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

5.73

5. 41

2.59
.61

2. 31
.74

2.29

2. 13

1.07
.80

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




.04

.10

.04
.06
.04

.01

.00
.00

.06

.00
.01

.00
.09

.86
.00
.01
.00

.03
.05
.16

.01
.01
.02
.02
.00
.02
.02

1.13
.63

.01

.02
.21

.20

.61

.00

.13

.01
.01

.09
.03

.00

.61

.00
.01

.02
.01
.14
.02
.00
.68
.00
.01

.02

.03
. 14

.02
.00

.72

.00
.01

.05

.03

.16
.03
.40
.17
.06

.06

.03
.03
.31
.08
.06

12.86

12.97

12.55

12.41

5. 18

5.38

11-34

10.93

10.25

. 12

. 01

.01
.01
.01
.00

.11
.00
.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00

.09

.08

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02

.37

.11

.83

.00
.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.10

1.23
1.23

1.43
1.43

2.70
2.70

2.50
2.50

2.76
2.76

2.95
2.95

2.85
2.85

3.69
3.69

3.31
.56

3.12
.83

2.48

2.55

2.52

8.38

8.07

6.55

.08

.44
.80
3.03

.32
.78
2.87

. 19
.77

.00
.00

.06

.02

.05

.02
.01

.00
.00

.07

.06

.00
.01

.00
.01
.00

. 00
. 08
.45

.06
.13

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02

.03
.05
. 14
. 01

.04
.16

.01
. 01
.02
.00
.01
.02
1. 18

.01
.01
.01
.03
.00
.01
.02
1.12

.67

.59

.00
.12
.00
.11
.00
.00

.05

.00
.00

.00

. 12
. 00

.11
.00
.00

.05
. 00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00

.40

.40

.02
.00
.02
•00
.00
.00
.00

.06

.02
.00
.01
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.04
.00

.00
.11
.00

.00
.00

.07

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.37
.04

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.04
.00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00

.01
.01
.02

.00
.09
.01
.01
.02

.03
.04

.03
.03

.08

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.01
1. 16
.05
.03
.05

.02
.00
.00
.02
.01
.01
1.01
.04
.02

.00
.00

1.22
.00

. 13

.01
.01
.01
.02
.01
.02
.00
.00

.03

.01
.01
1.32
.02
.03
.07
1.09
1.59

.00
1.01
.68

1.06
.74

1.08
.72

1.10

1.48

.06
1.13
1.62

6.13
. 10
2.40
.56

5.94
. 16
2. 15
.64

7.48
.06
2.64
.72

1.64

1.62

.71
.16

.65
.19

.01

.00

2.22

.04
3.02

.03
2.96

4.06

.17
.59

.18
.60

. 15
.93

1.00

.92

1.13

1.03

.91

1.49

1.36

1.25

.74
.18
.56

.61
.13
.48

.20

.83

.73
.17
.56

.54
.09
.46

.74
.34
.40

.70
.34
.36

.64
.36
.29

.02

.02
.21

5.95

.02
2.68

.89

.00

.14

221

.00

.63

.00

.00
.01

.00
.01

.00

2. 16
.00
.86
. 23

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Motor
vehicles
and equip

Drugs,
cheracls and
allied prod

1970

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc prrvt

1978

1990

.08
.03

.07
.03
. 01
. 03

.09
.03

.01

.03

Dry goods
and apparel

1970

1978

1990

1970

.13

.11
.02
.01

.13

.01
.01

.05

.01

.02
.02

.04

.05

.05

1978

1990

.02
.00
.00
.00
.02

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03

.02
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.04
.04

.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.04

.50
.37
.07
.06

.43
.31
.05
.07

.12

.07
.03

.01
.00

.01
.00

.01
.00

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.02
.02
.02
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists

.02
.01
.01
.00

.01

.02
.00
.02
.00

.03

. 01
. 00

.02
-01
.01
.00

.00

.00

.58
.46
.08
.04

Protective service workers
Guards

.17
.17

. 17
. 17

.20
.20

.14
.13

. 14
. 13

.16
. 16

.12
-12

. 12

. 14
. 13

S.66

5.70

5.38

8.83

8.47

6.73

5.40

5.35

4.81

. 00
.04
1.23

.03
1.27

.90

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.00
.02

.04
.96

.01
.01

2.79

.00

.43
1.31
.09

. 00
. 02

.00
.02

. 03
.96

.01

. 01
2.90
. 00
. 39
1. 29
. 08

.00
.03
.01
1.11
.01

.02
.00

.05
1.29
.03

.02
.02

.03
.03

.00

.00

.03

.02

.01

.00

.00

.04

.02
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00
.86
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00

.90

.03
2.35

.00

.02
.00

5.44

5.26

3.40

3.47

3.49

2.69

1.55
.09

.05
1.80
. 16

.05
1.71
. 14

.03
1.84

.06
.80
.14

.05
.80

.03
1.05

.00
.21

222

.00

.00

.02
.00
.00

.12

.02

.02

.12

.02
.00
.02
.11

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Food and
related
products
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers
Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Physicists and astronomers

1978

Farm
prods-raw
materials
1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00
1.90
.15

.00
.01
.01

.05
.05

.01
.02

.07

2. 15

1.80
.13

. 14
. 00

1970

2.61
.14

.01
.01

.00
.03
.01

. 05
.04

.04
.04

.04

.01
.01

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.00
-02
.01

.01
.02

1978

Electrical
goods

.02
.02
.02

3.09

2.74

. 13

.00

.12
.00

.03

.03

.01

.01

.05
. 02

.04

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
7.97

7.82

6.48

3.26

2.69

2.23

. 19
.90
.35

. 16
.72
.28

.05

.04
. 00

.02
.03
1. 10
.21
.22

.01
.02

.02
.01
.02

1.26
.43

.01
.02
.99
.22

.01
.01
.85
.20

.09
.03

.11
.05

. 12
.06

.05

.12
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.04

.06

.06

.07

.03

.03

.02

.00
.02
.01

. 01

.01
.01

.01
-01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.03
.03

.20
.11
.01
.01

. 19

.25
.07

.25
.08

.23
.07

1.45

1.47

1.40

.04

.28
.94
.05

.28
.90
.05
.03

.08

.01
.02

.01
.02

.05

.00

.05
. 00

.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.01
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Mechanical engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.10
.01
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00

.19

.02

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.06

.02

.02
.00

.02
.00

.02
.00
.00

.10
.02
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00

.02
.07
.00
.01
.00
.00

.02
.06
.00
.01
.00
.00

.02
.06
.00
.01
.00
.00

.05

.05

.03

.08

.09

.07

.19

.17

.01
.11

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses
Veterinarians

.01
.01
.00

.01

.01

.08

. 01

.00

-01

.00

.04
.04

.04
.04

.03
.03

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.03

.03

.01
.00
.00
.01
.20

. 00

.05

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01

.01

.01

.04

.04

.07

.00

.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.04

.10
.01
.00

. 12
. 06

. 11
.06

.15

.01
.00

.05

.06

.04

.02
.01
.01
.11

.17

.01
.00

.16

.20

. 17

.39

.03

. 13
.05

.04

.02
.00
.00
.02

.02
.00
.00
.02

.25
. 17
.06

.15
.05

.21

.04

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.15
.04

.01

.02

.02

.01

Social scientists
Economists

.05
.05

. 07
.07

.04
.04

.08
.08

Teachers
Adult education
Preschool and kindergarten

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.00
.02
.03
.00
.10
.01

.15

. 18

.13

.00
.00
.00
.21
.02




.06

.02
.00
.33
.86

.00
.02
.03
.00

.00
.02
.01
.00

.09

. 12

.01

.01

223

.11

.02

. 12

.12
.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

.13

.09

.21

.51
.24

.02

.15
.03

.22

.47
.24

.20

.04

.03

.09
.09

.19
.19

.27
.27

.20
.20

.05
.04

.05
.04

.06

.53
.14
•08
.09

.58
.16
.08

.02

.11
.02

.38
. 13
.06
.08

.15
.05

.16
.06

.08
.03

.11

.01
.00

.01
.00

.13

. 17

.13

.01

.26
.03
.04

.01

. 14

.02
.02
.01

.00
.00
.00
.21
.02
.05
.01
.00

.04

.00

.01

.01

.01

.01

.05

.01

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Food and
related
products

Farm
prods-raw
materials

Electrical
goods

1970

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.04
.77

1. 16
.89
.00
.00

.95
.80

1.51
1 24
.

1.80
1.50

1.61
1.41
. 00

1.84

1.97
1.33

1.51
1.08

.03

.01

.13
.05

.03
. 13
.05

.03
.07
.03

.15
.37
.07

.03
.17
.35
.06

17.77

.19
.03

. 02
. 19
. 02

.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.01
.10
.01

14.11

14. 92

13.28

33.78

31.09

32.54

00

.07

1.22
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

00
CM

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Farm management advisors
Home management advisers
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,laber relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

19.23

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,shippers,farm products
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

3.72
.13
.13
.46
1.28
1.73

3. 45
. 13
. 07
.35
1. 12
1.79

3.48

13.68
.08
. 06
12.41
.47

5.66
.31
.33

5.82
.25
.30

.66

17.40
.08
.05
16.41
.33
.54

6.03
.32
.59

1.77

18.65
.07
.09
17.27
.57
.65

3.47

1.45
3.57

1.31
3.97

Other managers,officials,proprts
tigrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

10.39

11.46

9.79

15.13

17. 42

15. 14

12.25

13.57

11.95

.76
.03
.03
9.57

.73
. 03
. 02
10. 68

.59
.03

1.06

.01

.00
.02

1.09

.00
.02

.02
.98
.00
.01

9.17

14.04

16.29

14.13

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Auctioneers
Other sales workers

11.86

13.43
.04

5.95

11.83

12. 70
.04
. 00
12. 67

13.39

.81
5.12

7.06
. 02
.78
6.26

9.30
.03
.79
8.48

Clerical workers

15.86

15. 13

13.70

19.80

19.56

3.47

3.31

3.24

2.78
.07
.61

2.73
.05
. 52

2.75
.06
.44

4.31
.03
3.44
.08
.75

4.36
. 02
3.59
.06

1.20
.10
.21

1. 13
. 04
. 12
. 50
. 01
. 42

.58

.95

.03
.34

.26
.13

.16

.00
.32
.02

.85
.05
. 15
.31

. 05

.0 3

- 12

Hanagers,officials,proprietors

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators




.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.02

.00

.03

.00

.01

.24

.01
.58
.01
.05

. 01
. 03

.00

.00

.00

.11

.06
.52

1.02
.00

.00

.00

.01

.01
.00

.00

224

.00
.01
.00
.04
.01
.02

.02

.01

.10

.00
.01
.00
.01

.02

.68

.00
.22
.01

. 11

.02
.00

.00
1.66

.01
1.35
.00
.01
10.88

.01
.00
.01
.02

.00

.01
1.37
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01
.01
.10
.09
. 18
.03

.00

.01
.00
.01

1. 46

12.18

10.47

18.46
.06

19.39
.07

20.48
.06

18.40

19.32

20.43

17.36

30.27

28.70

29.22

4.51

9.57

8.87

8.75

3.76
.09
.65

7.36
.18

7.07
.13

7.21

.01

.45

.02

.05
.26

.00
.00

.07
.05

.00

.01

2.01

1.53
.23
.14
.28
.03
.75
.03
.07

.00

.01

.00

.01
.12

1.66

1.41

1.48
.13

1. 10

.58
.03
.57

. 14
. 10
.45
.03
.34

.06

.03

.11

.01

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Electrical
goods

Farm
prods-raw
materials

Food and
related
products
1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc pest office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

11.19
.38
4.02
.64

10. 69
. 38
3. 75
. 71
. 12
. 01
. 67
. 15

9.88
.39
3.17
.87

14.55
.36
8.44
.30

14.36
.39
8.23
.33
.13

12.40
.41
7.00
.34
.09

19.17
.74
4.52

18.34
-73
4.24

19.37
.76
3.93
.24

.25
.05

.00

.00

.00

.08
.05

.00

1.10
.12
.01

.26
.04
1.09

. 11
. 07
. 14
.09
.03
. 24

.06
.05

.07
.04
. 16

.52
.52
.71

.06
.26
.14
.47
.56
.30
. 12

.10
.01

.67
.15

.01
.10

.07
.17
.09
.03

.22

.11
.02

.63
.15

.01

.12
.00

.13
.05

.00

. 13
.05

.12

.07
.04
. 17

.08
.03

.12

.06

.14
1.62

1.62

.03
.03
.18
.08
.03
.33
.08
.61
.40
. 17
.09
.85
1.57

.22

.20

.20

.11

.75
.15
.27
1.36

1.46
.24
.63
. 11
. 25
1. 34

.45
.09
.18
1.33

.16
.45
.52
.36
.16
1.24
1.60

7.31

7.73

8.10

6.25

6.95

.62

.57

.23
1.55

.22

.41

.12
.01

.00

.20

.38
. 12

.36

.01

.12
.01
.06
.10
.01

.07

. 06

.00

.03

1.20

.22
.02

.22
.01

.08

.06

.20

.20

.04
.14
.55
3.11
.50
2.35
.47

6.73

11.60

11.38

10.85

.42
. 14

1.55

1.44

1.13
.07

.12
.00
.01
1.19
.00
.11

.03

.01

.03
. 00

.04

.05

.05

.07

.00

.11
.01

3.18

3. 52

3.82

2.55

2.91

3.03

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.13
. 13

. 14
. 13
. 00
. 00

.16
.15

.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.80
.15

1.67

1.27

1.42

1.38
.03

.16

. 83
. 01
. 00
. 01
. 15

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.09
.05
.03

.00

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instalr,splicers




.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01
.71
.00
.02
.73
.01
.00
.01

.00’

.00
.00

.00

.01

. 00
1 87
.
. 17

.12
.02
.01
.56
.00

.01
.01

.65
. 00

.02

.04
.79

.01

.00

.01
.00
.00
.27
.00

.14
.76

.00

.02
.00
.00

.00
.00

.26

.24

. 14
.92

. 10
.97

.00
.01

.00

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01

. 00

.09

.06

.05

.01
.00
.03
.01

. 10 .
.06
.04

.11

.04
.03

.04
.03

.04
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

225

.07
.04

.02

.01

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
. 00

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.11
.00
.01
1.10
.00
.10
.00

.00

.00
.02
.84
.00

.09

.09
. 00
.09

2.43

2.55

2.61

.69
.38
.03
.04
.15

.67
.40
.03
.03
.08
.13

.75
.47
.03
.03
.09
. 13

4.21
.34

4.17
.39

4.29
.30

.13
.09

. 12
- 12

. 00
.16
. 18
.02

.65
.81
.06
1.25
.84

.77
.84
.04
.96
.89

o
o

Blue collar worker supervisors

.00

.11

.40
3.05
.62
2-33
. 29
4.28

.12

.00

.45
.60
.59
.18
.03

3.28

. 04
.05

.00

.02

.00

.05
.06

. 06
. 09

.59
.54
.58
.19
.04
.15
.49
2.80
.56

3.09

.11

.01

.01

.12
.01

.20

.04
1. 14
. 14

2.11
.32
.00

.01
.02
. 12
.02
.02
.02

.07
.09

.21

.10

.02
.00

.02

.01

.02
.00

.02

.01

.02

1.02

.90
.05
.73
. 92

.10

.10

.03
.06

.03
.06

.02

2.13

1.97

1.59

1.93

1.56

.01
2.10
.02

.01

.02

.06
.04

.01

.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Food and
related
products

Farm
prods-raw
materials

Electrical
goods

197 0

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabin et ma ke rs
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Furriers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Hillers, grain, flour, feed
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers
Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.71
1.33

1 73
.
1 31
.

1.98
1.56

1.78

2.01
.01

1.84

.00
.00
.00

.03

.00
.00
.18
.00
.00
.01

.00

.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
. 06
. 00
. 00
. 20

.08

.00
.00
.18
.00
.00

.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00

.06

1970

.49

1978

.49

.00

.00

. 00

.00

.01
.00
.00

.03

.03

.06

.09

.03

.00
.00
-02
1.37
.00
.22
.00

.00
.00
.02
1.58
.00
.25

.28

.42

.00
.02
.01
.02
.02
.01

.02
.01
.00

.01
.02
.02
.01
.00

.30

.31

. 00
.25

.06
.03

.05
.03

.03
.05

.02
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

. 12
.03

. 11
. 03

.13

.02

.07
.04

.07
.04

.00
.09
.02

36.18

35. 27

39.37

16.63

17.50

20.69

8.46

8.62

10.39

17.22

17. 14

17.43

7.61

7.81

6.35

5.72

6.03

7.36

.05

. 05

.05

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.80
.04

.74
.03

.02

.78
.03

.02

.07
.04
.05

.05
.05
.04

.13
.34

.13
.33

.04
.07
.05
.13
. 11
.34
.87
.87

.01

.00

.00
.00
.01
1.35
.00

.01

1990

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.05

.05

.05

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

8.46
4.80
3.66

8. 60
4. 78
3.82

10.53
6.03
4.50

1.31
-95
.36

1.26
.91
.36

1.15
.84
.30

.88
.88
.00

.82
.82

.00

.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Heat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

8.71

8.49
. 00

6.85

6.30

6.54

5.21

4.04

4.46

5.71
.03
2.64

.26
. 13

.27

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

.00
.00

.25
.14

.02
.00
.00

.03
.03
4.02
.17
.04

.01
.00
.02
.04
.01

.00

.00
.00

.00

.11

.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

-02
.00

. 00

.02

. 02
3.61
. 17
.04

.03
.27

.00
.00
.02
.15
.00
.01

.03
. 19

1.62

.95

14.34

2.74

2.59

3.03

1.41
.32

1.55
.30

1.15
.38

.01

.96
.46

.01

2.76
1.89

18.96

18. 12
. 02
8. 76
1. 85

21.94

9.01

9.69

.01

.01

.01
.00

.01

.07

.03
.47
1.07
1.13

2.60
1.65

1.51
-27

.00
.00

.03
.38

.34
.65
.09

1.26
1.96

7.76
1.92

.06

.00
.00
.04
.00
.00

.02

.02

.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
2.20
.01

.01

.01
.00
.02
.00
.01
.07
.02
.00

.00

. 12

.04
.36
.78
.81

.00

.49
.90
.06

.01

.06

1.76

.09

.00

.00
.00
.05
.00
.00

.00
.10
.00
.00

.02
1.96
.00
.10
.00
.00

.06

. 14

.54
.91
.06

1.53
2.62

10.35
1.59

.00
.01
.02

.00

.01

.01

. 12

.01

.10

.02
.00
.01
. 00
-01

1.49
2.46

. 02
. 03

.00
.00
.01

.11

.01
.00
.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.02
.05
.02

.01

.01
.00

2.92
.13
.06

.00
.00
.02
-15
.00
.01

.02

.00

.02
.00
.86

.00

.02
.00

.00
.88
.61

.01
.01

.05
6.94

. 04
7.45

12.24

.06
7.16

.06
7.87

.04
12.44

.05
1.16

.03
1.13

2.15

1.98

2.05

2.67

2.56

2. 18

.90

.86

.85

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.19
.27
.92

1. 15
.24
.91

1.05

1.21
.35
.85

.90
.34
.56

.66

.94

1.18
.38
.80

.15
.50

.63
.15
.48

.62
. 14
.49

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.66
.01

.54
- 01

.54

.43

.47

.08

.07

.05
. 00

.23
.05
.05
.06
.27

.03
. 06
.04

.69
.05
.25
.04

Service workers




.12

.20

.00

.11

.05
.19

.20

226

.23
.03
.03
.03

.21

.00
.21
.02
.03
. 16

.02

.00
.22
.01
.01
.22
.01

.00
.03
.00
-02
.01
.02

.00
.02
.00
.02
.00
.02

1.53

.01
.00
.02
.00
.02

fable 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Farm
prods-raw
materials

Food and
related
products

Electrical
goods

1970

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Guards
Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.06

.05

.03

.52

.53

.45

.03

.03

.03

.02
.00
.02

.02

.03
.42

.01

.01
.00
.01
-01

.28
.28

.41
.41

. 42
.42

.36
.36

.14
.13

.14
.13

. 15
. 14

8.28
.04
.04
.03
.04
4.16
.06
.04

12.32
3.88

12. 19
4. 17

8.46
2.39
.03

4.06

4.01

3.97

.05

.00

.02
.00

5.32
.05
.07

5.08
.06
.09

3.81
.04
.14

1.64

.75

. 10

.50
.03
.03

.01
.00
.01
.01

.23

.24
.23

10.64
.04
.03
.04
.09
4.98
.06
.05

10. 12

.03

.22

.05

.02

2.32

.04
.08
4.75
.07
.04
. 01
2.36

.26
1.82
.91

.26
1.73
.70

.01
.02

.01

.01
.00
.01
.01

.03
.47

.00
.02
.49
.02

.01
.00
.02
.02

.02
.01

.18
1.65
.38

227

.00

.02
.06
.00
.01
.01
.12
.68

1.35

.02

.01
.78
.01

.68
1. 16

.00

.01

.66

.80

.00
.00

.09

.00
.70
.01
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01
.01

.00
.00
.08

.00

.00
.68
.01
.00
.00
1.66
.00

.03
1.52

.03
1.44

1.58

.12

.11

.00
.00

.07

.00
.74
.01
.00
.00

1.46

.00

.03
1.52
.13

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Hardware
and
plumbing
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Aeronautical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers
Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Mathematical specialists
Mathema ticians
Statisticians

1978

Machinery
equipment.
supplies
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Misc
wholesale
trade
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

3.41

3.02

7.35

7.49

5.71

1.63

1.34

1.24

2.38

1.99

1.82

.02

.00

.03
.09
.35

.04
.05
.32
.15
.33

.03
.04
.29
. 15
.30

.03
.04
.24

.00
.01
.01

.00
.01
.01

.04
. 11
.35

.02

.02

3.64

3.91

3.43

.55

.44

.39

.03
.06

.03
.04

.02

.02
.02

.07
.07

.07
.06

.08
.05

.07

.08
.07

.02

.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

. 00

.01

.11
.30
.01
.00
.01

.93
.13

.70
. 11

.12

.64

.99
.47

.74
.40

.69
.38

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02

.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.07

.07

.05

.31

.28
. 00

.30

.00

.00
.00

.88
.00
.02

.00
.02

.68
.00
.02

. 18
. 03
. 00

.19
.04

-02
.02

.34
.31

.02
.02

. 28
.32

.29
.24

.16
.03

.38

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Draft ers
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

.00
.00
-22
.03
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00
.02
.00

. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.01
.06
.00
.02
.01
.01

.02
.00
.00

.01

.00
.01
.05
.00
.02
.01
.01
.82

.02
.00
.00

.07

. 00
. 07

.07

. 19

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Registered nurses
Therapists

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.02
.01

.01
.02

Health technologists,technicians
Other health technicians

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilotfe
Radio operators
Tool programers,numerical
Other technicians except health

.02
-01
.00
.01

.03

.03
. 02
. 00

.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.00
.01
.20

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.02
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.19
. 16

.00
.01

.22

. 17

.00
.01
.03
.00
.01
.01
.01

.02
.00
.00

. 12

.01
.00

.03
.18
.08

.02
.01
.02

.20

.08
.04

.08
.04

.09
.06

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.01
.02

.36

.44

.13
.03

.03
. 14
.04
.04

.01

.35

.01
.00
.01
.10

. 02

.01
.00
-01
.00

.03

.02

.04
.03

.02
.01

.00
.00

.23
.05

. 26
.06

.01
.01

.19
.05

.15

. 17

.01
.01

.03

.18
.05

.05

.05

.01
.01
.02
.12

.00

. 16
.04

.02
.02
.01

.05

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

3.54

.00
.02
.02
.04
.10

1978

.01

.02
.01
.01
.11
.01
.00
.01
.00

.04

.01

.03

.02

.01
.01

. 15

.02
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00

.07

.00
.01

.02
.01
.00

.00
.00
.10
.03
.01
.00

.13

.04

.06

.08

1.62
. 63
. 74
.25

.97
.39
.43
. 14

.21
.14
.07

.27
. 16

.01

.10
.02

.24
. 14
.08

. 11
.03

.01
.00

.02

.02
.01

1.32
.61
.57
.15

.05
.05

. 07
.07

.05
.05

.19
.19

.26
.26

. 16
. 16

.16
.16

.24
.24

.01
.21
.21

Teachers
Adult education

.01
.01

.01

.01
.01

.08
.08

.07
.07

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.23

.27
. 00
. 06
. 02

.20
.00

.41
.03
.16
.04

.46

.56

.65




.00

.06

.02
.00

.06

. 18
. 03

.17

. 01

.04

.01
.00

.00

.08

.06

.01

.01

.01

.05
.03

. 06
.04

.05
.03

228

.37

.02

.02

.01

.00

. 18
.04

.00

. 16
.04

.19
.05

.04
.03
.09
.03

.05
.03

.03

.08
.03
.18

.11

. 04

.00

.02
.02

.08

.01

.02

.02
.20

.05

.01

. 10

.02
.22
.02

.58

.02

.16
.05

.02

. 11

.02
. 18
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation*

1970* 1978 and Projected 1990

Hardware
and
plumbing

Machinery
equipment*
supplies

Misc
wholesale
trade

197 0

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel*lafccr relations wkrs
Other research workers
V o c a t i o n , e d u c a t i o n counselors

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1-06

1. 16

.97

1.69

1. 83

1.38
1.07

.86
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.16

.00

.86
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 16

.09

.97
. 02
. 00

.01

.00

1.10
.01
.00
.04

1.22
.01
.00

.06

.01
.00
.02
.01

1970

1978

1990

1.53

1.64
1.18

1.20

1.10
.01

.89

.03
.05

.01
.01

.01

.01
.02
.07
.01
.06
.24
.04

.06
.15
.03

.02

.02

.13
.34
.05

.09
. 16

.01

. 16
.32
.04

.01

.01
.01

.05
.24
.05

.03

.00

.02
.00

.01
.00

.01
.00

18.56

19. 71

18.61

18.10

18.76

16.48

18.20

19.72

19.38

Buyers*sales*loan managers
Bank*financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers*wholesale* retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

5.26

4.70
.23
.27
1.94
2.26

4.57

4.31

4. 17

.29
1.05
3.02

. 16
.87
3.06

3. 15

4.10
.19
.37
1.28
2.27

3.98
.19

.59
2.36
2.09

4.81
.23
.33
2. 11
2. 14

1.16
2.43

4.63
. 16
. 17
1.23
3.06

Other managers*officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents* building
Office managers* other
Officers* pilots,pursers*ship
fiestaurant*cafe,bar*managers
Other managers, administrators

13.31

14.90

13.91

13.53

14.46

12.31

15.75

14.75

1.70

1.49

.01
.02

.01
.86
.01
.01

14.09

1.74

1.31

1.34

1.50

Managers*officials,proprietors

.22

.00
1.88
.00
.02

.00
1. 86
.00
.02

.00

.00
.01

.21

.01

.01
.02

.22

.01

.21
.13
.68

.00

.01

.02
.01

.00

.20

.01

.02
.01

.01

.01

.02
.01

11.40

13. 02

12.16

11.79

12.94

11.42

12.75

14.37

13.21

19.22

20. 09
. 03

20.61

17.13

18.24

14.32
.06

14.65
.08

14.47
.07

14.25

14.56

14.40

Sales workers
Advertising agents*sales worker
Auctioneers
Other sales workers

19.19

.00
20. 06

20.59

17.11

18.22

21.12
.01
.00
21.11

Clerical workers

31.60

29. 78

29.79

24.82

23.71

24. 17

23.60

22.31

23.08

Stenographrs *t ypists* secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

7.88

7.31

7.13

8.75

8.29

8.81

7.08

6.69

7.46

5. 67
. 12
1.52

5.76
.07
1.30

6.77
.16
1.81

6.59
. 10
1.59

7.06
.05
1.69

5.46
.16
1.44

5.39
.09
1.19

6.33
.05
1.07

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.54
.33
.25
. 16

1.28
. 19

.99

1.29

1.34
. 12

.94
. 13

.04
.31
.03
.58

1.09
.13
.07
.34

.91
.17
.07
.24

.42

.01
.20
.00

1.19
.25
.09
.17
.55

.45

.34

.09

.08

.07




.02
.00

.00

5.86

.20

1.83

.00

.02
.00

.00

.22

.20

.02
.68
.01

.45

.00

.25
.27
.05
.13

.09

. 08

.07

.35

.02

.00

229

.02
.00

.01

.21

.01
.11

.02
.00

.01

.02
.66
.02

.00
.10

.01

.00

.54

.06

.00

.02

.02

.02

.00

.02

.02
.01

.01

.02

.02

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Hardware
and
plumbing

Machinery
equipment,
supplies

Misc
wholesale
trade

197 0

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc rood
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
flail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
flisc clerical workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

22.18
1.23
5.69
.29

21. 19

21.67
1.23
4.94
.35

14.79
.72
4.13
.13
.28
.06
.78
.14
.41
.29
.46

14.08
.73
3.86

14.42
.80
3.69
. 10
.32
.03
.80
.15

.22

15.33
.69
5.08
.26
.25
.05
.81
.30
.40

14.53
.72
4.77
.28
.29
.05
.82
.30
.46

.25
.44

.01

.41

.02

.33

14.70
.95
4.44
.32
.31
.04
.97
.32
.37
.28
.31

. 19
.06
. 16
.53

. 18
.05
. 18
.46
2.08
.34
1.59
. 17

. 17

.24
.07
.17
.46
1.91
.37
1.26
.28
.09

.23
.06
. 18
.41
1.62
.39

.03
. 14
.35
1.46
.37

.22
.01

1.21

5.38
.31
.24

.12

.01

.22
.01

1.51
.17
.34
.29
.56

1 53
.
. 17
. 38
.29
. 47

1.62
.19
.27
.32
.48

. 16

. 16

.19

.17
.60
3.72
.39

.15
.44
3.56
.45
2.78

3.77

. 18
. 54
3.37
. 44
2.45
. 23
. 00
3.81

4.34

1.84

1.90

2.27

2.02

8.81

9. 18

8.98

20.37

19.93

19.97

9.48

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paper hangers
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentrces
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

1.67
.28

1 51
.
.26

1.40
.18

.91
.18

.85
. 18

.81
.18

1.18
.44
.03

Blue collar worker supervisors

Crafts and kindred workers

fletalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices
Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Eadio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.01

.01

2.68

.37

.00

.01
.01
.12
.11
.01

.01
.01

.12
.00

.01

.01
.02

. 01
. 11
. 10

.08

.01

.10
.00

.06

. 06

.00

.06

.00

1.05

.01
.02

. 94

.01
.01

.92

2.35
.96

.00

.00
.12
.00

.01

.01
.02

. 18
.04

.01

.01
.02

. 18
.03

.01

.01
.02

. 19
.03

.01
.02

.01
.00

2.52

2.62

2.08

2.25

2.49

. 90

.00

1.00
.00

.98

1.16

. 11

.13

.01

.39
.09

.34
. 07

.38
.08

3. 19

3. 64
2.35

3.39
1.77

.47
.15
.03

.32
1.78
.26

.02

. 18
.33
2.52
.34
1.64
. 15

.00
.00
.22
.01
.00

.34
.03

2.02
.01
.00
.20
.00
.00

2.21

.02

.00
.23
.00

.33
.03

.01

.02

.00
.26
.00
.20
.02
.00

.00
.38
.02
.01

.00

.01
.00
.20
. 00
.00
. 59
. 16

.01
.00

.27

.00
.00

.84
.18
.03

.97

.01
.02
.02

. 19

.64
.06
.03

.01
.02
.02
.66
.07
.02

.09

.09
.09

.10

14.81
.09
. 14

.02

.64
1.25
1.72
4.91

.20

14.20

.11
. 14
.02

.58
1.59
1.74
5.37
.18
2. 35
. 10
. 01
2.03

. 16

.00
.02
.02
.76
.10

.20

.10

.14
.09
.05

.21
.02

1.22

.17
2.03

.09
. 14
2.39

9.58

10.01

1.07
.38
.03

1.21

.10

.11

.13

.10

.03

.12
.01

.08
.04
.05

. 10
.06
.09

2-76

2.83

2.51

.50

.49

.01

.01

.03

.03

.01
.22
.07
.02
.12
.02

. 37
.06

.01
.09
.02

.09
.03

2.46
.25

2.67
.35

3.06
.35

.03
.76
.03

.03
.76
.05

.74
.08
.25
.03

.90
.08
.17

.01

.02
.01

.07
.04
1.19
.08
.27

1.47

.26

.29

.33

.26

.23

.01

.00

.05

.03
. 10
.13
13.69
.09
. 15
.03
.55
2.14
1.78
4.78
.14
2.46

.01

.02

.01

.02

.23

.24

.22
.00

.13

.01

.01

.21
.01

.09

.07

.08

. 12

.02
.11

.09
.03
.08
.04

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers

.02
.00
.00
.02

. 01

.11

.02
.00
.00
.02

230

.01

.01

.01

.11
.01

.01

.13

.04

.05

.07

.04
.08

.02
.00
.00
.02

.05

.05

.04

.04

.00
.00

.05

.03

.24
.07

.29

.15

.63

.00
.01

.31

.00
.11

.01

.01

.29

.00
.11
.01
.10

.02

.24
.09
. 16
.04
. 15

.09
.05
.06

.01
.00

.12
.01
2.12

.23

.12
.00

.02
.00

3.59

.01
.21

1.11

.02
.01
.00

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices




.01

.01

.32
.05
.78
. 14
.42
.28
.40

.00
.00

.00
.00

•04

-04

.00
.01
.02

.00
.01
.02

.01

.01
.02
.68

.01
.02

. 15

.02

.08
.05

.01
.01
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Hardware
and
plumbing

Machinery
equipment.
supplies

Misc
wholesale
trade

1970

Gther crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Dental laboratory technicians
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Piano,organ tuners, repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.39

.36

.33

1.42

1.46

1.59

2.27

2.25

2.40

.05

.05

.06

.07

.06

.08
.14
.70

.06
.17
.60
.33

.59
.38

.03
.27

.03
.29
.07

.02
.02
.01
.09
.01
.00
.01
.03

.00
.06
.00

.02

.01
.01
.01

. 02

.01
.07
.02
.00
.00

.05

.02
.00
.00

.03
. 00
.06

.03

.00

.05

.00
.00
.00

. 00
.08

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.07
.00
.00
-01

.06

. 06

9.79

. 00

.00

.00
.01
.06
.00
.00
-00
.12
.07
.79

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00
.06
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00

.14
.07
.87

. 15
.13
.90

.01
.03
.00

. 00

.20
.00

.10
.12
.27
.01
.00
.00
.22
.02
.01

.00

.00

.01
.02
.21

.00

.06
.35

.02

.12
.25
.01
.00
.00
.20
.02
.01

.00
.01
.00
.21
.01
.01

.08
.28

.00
.01
.13
.00
.00
.02

.00
.01
. 12
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.02

.07

.09

.08

.06

.04
.07

.03
.07

.05
. 12

9.37

10.68

8.27

8.11

9.23

20.36

19.83

19.95

3.87

3. 67

3.40

4.54

4.61

5.04

7.79

8.08

8.53

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.69
.07

.64
.05

.66
.00

1. 19
.06

1-31
.03

.94

.00

1.26
.08

.90

.03

.03
. 10

.02

.05
.08
.04
.03
•04

.04
.15

.03
.03
.03

.05
. 07
.03
.03
.03

.05
.04

.36

.36

.36

.04
.03
1.08

.04

.02

.03
.06
.04
.84

.00
.02
.09
.01
.01

1.00
.01

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,proace
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

1.43
1.43

.00

1. 13
1. 13
. 00

.61
.61

.00

.70
.70

.00

.68
.68
.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Filer,polishe r,sander,buf fer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
,Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Minding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

1.76
.04
.46

1. 90
.06
.52

2.13
.06
.71

2.59
-04
.76

2.73
.06
.83

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons




.00
.00
.09
.00
.00
.01

.00
.07
.10
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.15

. 17

.08

.00
.00
.21
.00
.00
.10
.01
.00
.01
.00
.01

.08

.00
.00

.01
.00
.02
.00
.02
.02
.04
.02
.00

.00
.00

.01
.02
.00
.01
.02

. 00

.03
.05
-03

.05
.03

.00

.00

.02

.00
.02

.09
.03
.04
.05

.01
.01
.02
.02
.02

.08
.05

.00

.01
.02

.88

.00
.02

.09
.03
.03
.04

.01
.01
.02
.02
.02

. 06
.05

.00
.02

.00

.15

.02
.03
.02
.05
.01
.01

.01
.03
.02
.04

.03
.03
.05

-02
.01

.02
.02

.02

.01

.04

.05

.70

.76

.79

.87
.87

1.36
1.31
.05

1.18
.06

.08

2.86

5.52
.03
.32

5.96
.04
.35

6.59
.03
.50

1. 18

.16

.06
.92
.18

.00

.05
1.03

.00

.03
.09

.01
.02

.03

.01
.01
.02
.03
.02
.05
.06

.01
.05
.88

1.12

.01

.01

.93

.86

.01

.09

.17

.02
.11
.16
.00
.01

.02
.11
.10
.01
.01

. 16
.06
- 01

.08
.05
.05
.07

.08
.04
.05
.07

. 12
.03
.07
.06

.27
.07
.05
.03
1.35

. 15
. 13
.03
.04
1.42
2.25
11.41
3.96
1.30

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03

.03
.04
.60
.74

.04
.03
.04
.03
.58
.71

.03
.34
.06
.09
.03
1.29
1.69

-01

.01
.02

.02
.01

.02
.02

.00
.02
.00

.01
.00

.00
.02
.00
.01
.00

.43
.39

.45
.45

.40
.49

.03
.04
.58
.67

5.92
2.04
.31

5.70
1.73
.37

7.27
1.61
.43

3.73
1.80
.30

3-50
1.51
.36

4.19
1.42
.44

12.58
4.55
.82

11.75
4.07

.00
.02

1.00
.00
.02

.04
3.53

.03
3.57

5.22

.03
1.59

1.60

2.32

.09
7.08

.07
6.58

.00
.02
.02
6. 11

.95

. 89

.81

1.03

.92

.75

1.19

1.10

.91

.59
.14
.45

.80
.15
.64

.72
. 15
.57

.53
.13
.40

.77
.19
.58

.71

.59
.19
.39

.04

.01
.00

.71
.14
.57

.03
. 00

.01
.00

.01
.00
.01

.67
. 14
.53

231

.02

.00
.00

.02
.02

.00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.01

2.10

.20
.51

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Hardware
and
plumbing
1970

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt
Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses
Personal service workers
Flight attendants
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Guards
Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter heifers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

.04

Machinery
equipment.
supplies

. 04
. 01
. 02

.01
.02
.01
.00

.0 1
.01
.01
.10
.01
.00
.01

1990

.04

. 00

.01
.02
.01
.00

.01

.04

.01

Misc
wholesale
trade

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

.11

.09
.03

.10

.07
.03

.06
.03

.04

1990

.05

.03

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01

.15

.17

. 17

.04
- 10

.03
. 12

.01

.00
.01
.00
.02
.13
.01

.04

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.01

.04

.03

.01
.00
.00

. 01

.01
.00
.01
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.02

.01
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01

.09
.09

. 09
.09

.11
.11

.09
.08

.09
.08

.09
.09

.19
.19

.17
.17

. 10
. 09

7.52

7. 56
. 00
. 04
. 18
1. 12
. 01
. 00

7.51

2.93

.00

2.84
. 00

2.59

9.22

8.90

8. 78
.01

.03
.07
.55
.03

.04
.03
.50
.03

.06
.19
2.79
.16

.04
.17

.04

.05
.52
.03

2.88

.02

.18

.02

3. 39
.24

.90

.06
1.64

.06
1.73

.08
1.71

.09
.87
.14

.07
1.58
2.64

.07
1.28
2.44

.06
.74
2.28

.06

.00
.01

.00

.05

.20

1.13

.01
.00
.00

3. 43

.00
.01

2.48

.22

.02
.01

. 01
. 01

.04

. 08

.01

. 00
. 01
.05

.00

.00

.07
.14
1.27

.01
.00
.00

.00
.00

.02

3.19

1.08

.00

.00
.00
1.11
.00

2.60

.13
.85
.19

. 13
. 81
. 16

.00

3.63
. 00
. 01
2.39
. 19

.03

.00
.01

.22

232

.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.01
.00
.01

.02

.01

.00
.01
.00

-02

.01

.00

.20

.02
.01

'Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Petroleum
products

Metals,
minerals.
other
1970

Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Mining
Petroleum
Sales
Other engineers
Life and physical scientists
Biological
Chemists
Geologists
Mathematical specialists
Mathematicians
Statisticians

100.00 100. 00 100.00
9.72
1.28
.04
.13
.04
. 18
.14
.09
.03

.71

.81

.76

1. 08

1.05

1.07

.90
. 13
. 13
.03
. 08
. 14
. 00

.73
. 13
.08
.04
.03
.16

.10
.00
.01
.01

. 13

. 14
. 13
. 11

.11

.10
.00
.01
.00
.05
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02

.34

.01

.03
. 08
. 05
- 20
. 12
. 10
. 04

.04
.05
.25

.10

.14

.12
.20

.03
.09
.13

.00
.01

.01

.27
. 00
. 25

.33

.35

.30
.03

.13

.22

.02
.11
.21

.06

100.00 100.00 100.00

5.19

.26

.06

1990

6.69

.13
.24

.00

1978

6.17

.30
. 16

.23
.03

1970

4.62

.47
.16

.00

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.16
.17
.15

.00

.02

.01

.06
.47
.05
.06
.36

.00
.05
.00

.00
.07
.00

.09

.06
.04
.03

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.08

.10
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

. 13

.00
.01

. 10

.01

.05

.06

. 10

.04

.04

.54
.04

.43
.04

.05

.51
.04
. 16
.05

.02
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.02

. 11

.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.02

.10
.00

. 07
. 00
. 07

.03

.00
.01
.00

.05

.07

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
-09

.00
.00

. 84
.06
. 44
.05
.05
. 00
.05
. 01
. 18

1.21

.31

.04
.18

.04
. 19

.04
. 18

.06

.08

.02
.02

.02

.01
.01

.03
.03

.03
.03

.05
.05

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 00

.03

. 03

.02
.01
.01
.01

.16
.05
.04
.06

.25

. 08
.05
.09

.11
.02

.01
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.25

.39
.23
.14

.20

.51
.27

.43
.24
. 17

.04

.02

.02
.02
.00
.00

.02
.02
.00
.00

.02
.02
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Hegistered nurses
Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except healta

.01
.01
.01

.02
.00

.03

.02

.14

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.25
.13

Social scientists
Economists




1978

.10
.00

.80
.05
.51
.03

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

1970

.00

.00

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Mathematical technicians
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tecti

Teachers
Adult education

1990

0
0
o
o

Total all occupations

1978

Scrap and
waste
material

.09
.50
.08

.11
.00
.12
.01

. 02

.01
.01
.01

.32
. 14
. 16

.20

.01
.01
.00

.22

.12

.03

. 11

.02

.12
.12
.02

.12
.12
.01
.01

. 17
. 17

.13
.13

.52
.52

.78
.78

.59
.59

. 01
. 01

.01
.01

. 02

.19
.03
.03
.03

. 18
. 03

.08

.01
.01
.01
.01

.02
.02
.22
.00
.02
.02
.01

.00

.01
.01
.22
.00

.03

.05

.05

.15

.12
.01

.01
.08
.01

.02

. 02
. 01
. 09
. 01

.00

233

.02

.01

.02

.26

.01
.00
.20
.01

.00
.00

. 17

.00

.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03

.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

.04

.01
.00
.00
.00
.03

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.11

. 01

.00

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metals,
minerals.
other

Petroleum
products

Scrap and
waste
material

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1-70
1-23

1. 89
1.35
. 00

1.42
1.04

2.82
2. 10

3.08
2. 24

1.96
1.50

.43
.35

.36
.29

.17
. 10
.38
.04

.28
. 13
.39
.03

. 14
.09

.21
.01

.00
.01
,00
.06
.01

.48
.40

.00

.00

.02

.01

.01

.00
.02
.00
.06
.00

.00
.01
.00

.08
.04
.29
•0b

.12

.06
.31
.05

.07
.05
.23
.03

15.31

16. 63

15.77

19.87

21.79

21.58

19.46

19.43

14.63

4.77

4. 60

.21

4.92
.19

3. 18
.09

1.38
3.14

2.02

2.00

2.07
.07
. 19
.14
1.67

2.73
.13

.26
1 38
.
2. 75

2.73
. 15
.30
.28

2.85

.46
1.50
2.60

3.10
.17
.55
.35

2.47
.25

2.28
.31

2.67
.43

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

10.54

10.85

16.77
.03
1.23
.09

19. 06
.03

19.51

16.70

11.45

.00

.00

.55

.60

.60

.00

1.21
.07
.00

.02
1.01
.04
.00

16.61

.00
.00

12.02
.02
1.34
.00
.00

9.22

10.67

9.42

15.42

17.76

18.44

16.05

16.08

10.84

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

12.58

13. 01

11.63

7.18

3.52

12. 99

11.61

7.16

8.22
.02
8.20

3.42

12.56

7.72
.03
7.69

3.41

3.51

3.25
. 00
3.25

Clerical workers

24.74

23. 95

25.01

24.41

22.78

21.13

7.33

7.48

7.87

8.90

8. 65
.01

9.55

2.97

7.98
.19
1.36

5.86
.03
4.98
.07
.78

2.51

6.82

5.69
.05
4.55
. 18
.90

2.36

6.69
.30
1.90

6.03
.07
4.59
.30
1.06

1.25
.29

1 17
.
. 16
.09
.35
. 03
.48

1.04
.19

1.31
.19
.19

.33
.04

.25
.06
.39

.00
.02

.85
.08
.09

.05

.04

.10

14. 14
.61
3.01
. 08
. 28
. 04
. 89
. 28
. 53
. 48
.40

14.41
.7 3

Managers,officials,proprietors
Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Insurance adjusters,examiners
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Real estate appraisers
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




.21

.01

1.3 1

.02

.02

.12

.17

.02

.58
.03
.05
14.S9
.58
3.12
.08
.24
.03
.85
.26
.43
.45
.47

.00
.01
.22

.02

.21

1.60

.21

.02
.00
.00

1.41

.02

.02

.11

.01

.00
.01

.00

2.88

.08
.34
.07
1.05
.34
.47
.55
.4 1

.00
.01

2.03
.04
.30

.00
2.22
.02

. 15
.07

.03

.07

.05

.03

.01
.01

.00
.01

17.07
.43
7.61
.30
.45
.15
.26
1.09
.74
.25
.39

16.25
.45
7.33
.32
.48

14. 94
.50
7.82
.34
.36

4.84
.08
2.47
.19

4.82
.09
2.26
.23
.15

.76
.35
. 16
.27

.07
.09
.03
.04
.07

.03
.27
.05

.03
.24
.04
. 22

.40
.34
.48
.57

.30
.34
.49
.45
.13

.01

.76
.24
.32

.02

2.67

13.23

12.72

13.00

9.88

10.78

.20
.02

.21
.01

.02

.01

.02
.00

.00

.11
.01

.01

.00

.01

.08

4.75
. 10
1.81
.25

.21
.01

. 10

.11

.03
. 12
.09

.02
.22
.01
.11

.03
.14

.03
.15

.46
.34
.26
.08

.23

.10

.00
.02
.00
.01

.10

.00
.00
.00

.00
.11

.01

.04
.06
.07

.00
.00
.01

. 16

.00

2.76

.14
.03

.01

.00
.02

.02
.21

.00
.01

.13
.04

.08

.11
.25
1.02

.00

.01
.21

.04

.01

.00

.27

.25

2.79

234

.00

.01

.56

.76
.05

.50
1.18
.45
1.46
.14
.29
2.95

.00

.01

.00
.02

.01
.01

.54
1.83
.30
1.49
.52
.17
2.69

.00

.00
.00
.02

.00

.02
.00
.01

.23
.07
. 24
. 00
.52
1 54
.
.36
1.36
.30
. 20
2. 71

.08
.24

.29
.05
.17

.02

.12
.01

.06

.00

. 11

.22

.13

.00
.00
.00
.02
.08
.00

.08
. 19

.22

.19

.20

.25

2.47

.45
.35

.04
.51
.38

.62
.48

11.74

13.98

13.81

14.79

.02

.10

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Metals,
minerals,
other

Petroleum
products

Scrap and
waste
material

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

1.78

1 58
.
. 16
.06

1.72
.04
.05
.47

.79
.13

.81
.15

.97
.18

.00

.45
. 18
. 18
. 14
. 19
. 00

Blue collar worker supervisors

4.07

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc raech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Hollers and finishers,metal
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2.19
.04

Meehanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Railroad, car shop repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.68

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.08
.04
.03

.06
. 03

.08

. 11

.03

.03
. 02

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Locomotive engineers
Locomotive engineers* helpers
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instair,splicers
Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport


16
343-899 0
81


.22

.07
.18

.01

.50
.17
.18

.22

.24

.02

.05

.02

.04
.73
.23
.05
.03
.93
.07
.08

.00
.02

.35

.02
.01
1.00
.01
.01
.02
.02
.16

.01

.01
.01
.03
.01
3.33

.00
.01

2.77

.02
.02
.25
.01
.01
.11
.00

.21
.01

.01

.28
.33

.21

.05
.29

.02
.04
.00

.14
.03
.15
.26

.02
.00

.03
. 14

.01
.02
.00

.13

.02

.02

.13
.30

.08
.53

1970

•66

1978

1990

.76

1.25
.09

.12
.01
.13
.01

.12
.01
.16
.01

.06
.24
.06

.07
.27
.07
.03
.03

.47
. 10
.05
.06

.02

.01
.01
.11

.35

.00

.01
.00

.01
.00

.00
.01

.00

.00

4. 22

3.68

2.75

3.09

3.53

2.60

2.74

1.92

2. 17
.03
. 02
.05

2.68
.01
.01

.91

.02

.02

. 04

.06
1.38
.14
.08
.08
.74
.08

.21
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.12

.22
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.22
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.13
.03

. 14

.03

.00
.00

.01
.00
.00

.05

.05

.06

5.82

5.87

6.40

.03
.38
4.53

.32
4.42

.28
4.76

.76

.86
.22

.04
.04
.79
. 06
1. 96
. 10

.07

2.57

.11
.00
.02

.00

. 02
.35
. 03
. 01

1.21
. 01
.01
.01

4.64
1.42

.02
.00

.01
.01

1.59

1.35

.08

.21
.00
.00
.00

.07

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02

5.09
1.96
.03

.00
1.10
.01
.01

.00

.61

.01
.01

.03
-23

.03

.22

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.08

.10
.01
.00
.00

2.14

1.31

1.30

.07

.01
.00
.07
.00
.00
. 12
.00
.00

.02
.00
.08
.00
.00

.00

.05
.03

.01

1.69
.06

.00
.00

.00
. 17
.00
.00
. 19
.00
.00

1.03

1.28

. 15

.00

.05

1.07

.00

.00

.13

. 13

.16

.03

.00
.02

18.73

18.64

19.91

28.38

11.70

11.99

12.73

3.61

235

4.54
2.04
.05

.03
.06
.15

.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.02
.04
.01

.09

.06

1.52
.06

.01
.00
.00
.01
.04
.02

.00
.01
1-75
.01
.01
.13
.02
.01

.00
.11
.00
.00
.00
.66
.07
.00
.00
.01

1.55
.16

.20
.00
.01

.21
.01
.01
.12
.01
.05
.01

.01

.01
.01

.29
.04

.01

.02

2.09
. 03
. 02
.24

. 19

.02
.00
.00
.01
.01

1.36

.02
.01
.01

.42

.00

.42
.09

.04
. 18

.01
. 04
.01
2.62
.00
.01

.30

.00
.06
.00
.00
.00

.03

.00
.00
.01

.01

.00
.01

,01

.00
.02

.00
.01

.00

.01

.00
.01

.00
.01

.01
.01
.02
.00

.98

.01
.01
.01
.00

1.23

.07

.09

.09

.03

.02
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.00

.00
.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.03
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.02
.00

.04

.02
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

4.62

4.16

4.99

.04

.00
.01
4.28
.01
.01
.13
.00
.00

.00
.01
3.81
.01
.01

.13

.00
.00

.03

.00
.00

4.72

.02
.01
.05
.00
.00
.01

.00
.01

.05
.09
.04

.10

.06

.11

26.69

29.91

29.09

31.62

33.78

3.25

2.62

18.82

21.57

24.53

.07

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Metals,
minerals.
other

Petroleum
products

Scrap and
waste
material

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.30
.06
. 15
.15

3. 29
.05
. 14
. 13

3.70
.04
.13
.13

.26
•00

-41

3.82

4.15

4.32
. 00

.18
.03
.03
.03

.02

.01

.03

.03

2.47

. 16
.05
.03
. 19
. 00
2.54

2.79

.21
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.20

.50
.50

.40
. 40

.23
.23

.12
.12

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Surveyors* helpers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

7.90

8.29

8.81

3.27

Transport eguipment operatives
Boat operators
Delivery and robte workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Rail vehicle operators, other
Railroad brake operators
Railroad switch operators
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
furnace tendrs,smeltrs,pourers
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.01
.21

.04
.03

.20
.00

.01

.28
.03

.02
.00
.00
2.63
.00

.06
.08

.00
.00
-01

.03

.10
.08
.01
.01
.02
.82

.01

.01

.01
.20

.07
.06
.26

.00

.02

1.12
1.12

.96
.96

.49
.49

.01

2.86
.01

2.00
.01

13.88

16.46

19.72

.08

.06

.09

. 17

.00

. 00
2. 78

3.23

.06
.09
. 00
. 00

.07
.16

.00
.00
.01

.01

. 04
. 09
.07
. 01

.08
.06
.08

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01

.69

7.03

6. 65
.00
1.20

.3 2

.00
.00

.00

.01
.00
.01
.00
.03
.01
.93

.01
.01
.10

.09
.04

.02
.00
.12
.00
.00
.11
.00
.66

.02
.00
.01
.00
.02
.01

.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

.56

.28

.01
.01

.08
.09
.04

7.18

24.77

23.45

1.90
.08

2.40
.09

.05
.05
.03

.07
.05
.04

. 12
.07

.02

.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.04
.04

.03
.05

.01

.10
.00
.00
.01

.14
. 00

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.04
.03

.08

.00

.11
.01

.03
.03
.09

.01

.00
.00
.02
.02
.09
.01

.42
.62

1.78
9.96

2.04
11.93

1.98
14.50

27.29

10.27

10.05

9.24

15.40

8.35

.03
. 12
.03
7.53

.95

1.08

. 86

.45

1.02

.99

.68

.73
.17
.56

.76

.59
.08
.50

.21
.03
.19

.54
.15
.39

.55
.17
.38

.43
. 16
.27

.03

.11

.09
.05

. 12
.06

.05
.03

.04
.03

.03

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

. 86
. 16
. 70

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,!ountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.07
.06

. 05
. 04

Health service workers
Nursing aides and orderlies

.01
.01

236

1.60
.06

.13
8.72

.92
.15
.77

.01

.00
.00
.00
.01

.03
16.33

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

. 01

.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.09
14.73

1. 19

. 00

.00

.02
.00

1.3 1

.01
.00

.01

.00

.01
10. 64
-22
.06
.00
.00

5.02

.00

.06
.05

.08

.00

1.05

.02
8.99
-22
.01
.00
.00
.11

.11

.00
.11
.00
.00

.65
1.05

.00
1.00
1.07
.01
.00
.08
.00

.01

.04
.04

.02
.00
.10
.00
.00

.09
1.89
2.28

.07
.09
4.72




.21
.21

.05
.05

. 04
. 07
2. 12
1 85
.

.00
.00
.01
.00

. 14
. 14

.00

.81
. 03
. 00
. 07
. 05
4. 49

Service workers

4.02

.04

.09
.06
2.05
1.54

.00

3.83

.04

.00

.03

3.51

.08

.00
.00
.00

.21

.39

.05

.00

.03

.01
.01
.01
.01

.04

.01

.00
.20
.01
.01
.02
.01

.43

.00

1.46
.65
.04

.24

.00

.01
.01
.02
.01

.32
. 02
.04

.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.11

.65

8.33
.25
. 00

.01

.49
.81

.00
.01
.10

.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.02
.01

.00
.01
.01
.01

.05

.01
.01

.01
.01
.01
.00

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.06

.00

.01
.44
1.02
.00
.02
.11
.10

.00

.40
1. 13

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990

1970

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
iilevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives
Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handler;'
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

.03

.03
. 00

.02
.00
.01
.01

.06

. 06

.03

-02

.04

.02

.16

.15

.00
.01
.02

. 01

.28

.25

.01

.27

Scrap and
waste
material

Petroleum
products

Metals,
minerals.
other

.01

.01

.01
.14
.01

.23

.01

.00

.15

1990

1970

197 8

1990

.01
.06
.01

.08

.02
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.12
.00
.12
.00

.04

.41

.38

.04

.40

.00

.01
.37
.00

.21
.01
.20
.00

1.78

25.00

22.35

24.25

4.53
.07
.09

5.29
.07
.08

. 10
7.47
. 13
.08

.01

.00

.00

.01

.01

.01

9.38
.03
.59
3.18

8. 98

9.12

3.04

. 02
. 60
3.23

.00

2.68
.00

.81
3.85

.15
1.31

. 12
1. 17

.06
.79

.04

.07

.08
.04
. 18

.07
.04
. 16

.03
.09
.06

.01

.02
.12
.00

. 15
.83
. 13

.07
.60
.07

.17
.17
19.70

.00
.03
.02
1.45
.00

.06
2.25
1.77

.00

.02

1.59
. 00
.07
1. 82
1.60

.01

.00
.01
1.59
.00

.07
.93
1.79

237

.01

.00

.01

.17
.93
.18

.00

.01

.00

.00

.02
.11

.02
.11

.02
.00
.20

. 16
.16
16.25

.01

.01

.19

.00
.20

.09
15.97

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Alcoholic
beverages
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Paper and
paper
products
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
1.86 2. 15
1.80

Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Industrial
Mechanical
Metallurgical
Sales
Other engineers

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Life and physical scientists
Chemists

.03
.03

. 04
. 04

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.03
.03

. 03
. 03

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Industrial engineering
Mechanical engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science teca

.01
.01
.01
.02
.00
.01
.00

.05

. 06
. 01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.01
.01
.00

.02
.02
. 00

.01
.01
.00

Computer specialists
Computer progiamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

. 15

.12
.03
.00

. 19
. 14
. 05

.17
.13
.04

Social scientists
Economists

.08
.08

. 11
. 11

Teachers
Adult education

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Radio and tv announcers
Other writers,artists,entertain

.44

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

.01
.02
.03
.00
.36
.01
.01
1.07

.88
.00
.00
.02
.02
. 16
.00

.00
.00

1970

1978

Lumber,
constructn
materials
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

3.15

3.52

2.97

2.67

2.77

2.59

.23

.21
.01

.24

.50

.39

.35

.06
.06

.04
.07
.05

.08
.04
. 13
.08

.01
.00

.01
.00

.02
.10

.01

.01
.00

.06
.06

.04
.05

.04
.07

.06

.15
.06

.05
.05

.05
.05

.06
.06

.04
.04

.04
.04

.05
.05

.05
.05

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.09

.00

.05
.06

.06
.06

. 00

. 00
.06
.05

.17

.26

.42

.42

.57

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01

. 03
. 00
. 01

.06

.00
.01
.00

.00

.00

.00
.02
.07
.00
.00
.00

.00

. 18

.06
.06

.00

.01
.20

.01

.01

.00
.02
.05
.00
.00
.00

.00
.01

.00
.01

.00
.01

.30
.03

.27
.05

.33
.08

.09

.00
.02
.05
.00
. 00
.00
.11

.19

.06

.07

. 12

.04

.04

.06

.05

.00

.00

.00

.01
.02

.01
.01

.06

.01
.01

.06

.02
.02

.02

.02

.03

.04

.10

.08
.05
.03

.04

.04

.06

.24

.31
. 13
.13
.05

.08
.06
.03

.00

.06
.03

.03

.33
.13
.14
.06

.00

.00

.09
.09

.15
.15

.23
.23

.21
.21

.04
.04

.09
.09

. 13
. 13

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.51

-37

.73
.26

.20
.01
.23
.01
.25
.00

.71

.17
.07

.20
.01
.01
.00
.11
.00
.00

.16
.04

1.36
.99
.05
.09

1.47

.00

.00

.11
.10

.01
.01

.01
.01
.01
.00
.33
.01
.01

.00

.86
.28
.02
.22
.02
.30
.00

.03

.03

.03

1. 19
. 98

.95
.82

1.53
.99

1.60
1.05

1. 12

.01
. 02
.02
.00
. 45

.00
.00
.02

.02

.16
.03
.24

1. 19
.92
• 04
.04

.00

16.45

18.00

18.67

16.22

17.84

18.92

17.11

18.33

16.54

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

4.08

4.22

5.04
. 18
.27
1.57
3.02

.20
.21

3.87
.17
.46

4.14
.19
.27

6.02
.22

.15
.27
3.60

5.24
. 18
.48
1.74
2.85

5.61

.26
.30
3.32

4.98
.17
.13
.26
4.42

1.53
3.68

2.03

2.47

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

12.38

13.78

13.69

10.97

12.81

13.31

13.24

14. 19

1.37

1.40
. 01

1.41

1.53

1.43

1.55

.00

.01
.00

1.50

10.52
.05
1.97
.04

12.37

12.27

11.75

12.57

8.45

Managers,officials,proprietors




.20

.00

.01
.00
11.00

.20

.00

.00

238

.00
.01

1.10

.01
.01
.00
. 10
.00
.00

.00
.00
.01
.02
.10
.00

.03
. 16

.00
.02

.78

.01
.01
.00
.08
.00
.00

.07

.04

.00
.01
.01

.10

.31
.08

. 10
.17
.06

.16
.03

.04
.08
.03
.04
.17
.03

.03
.08
.32

.00

.00
.01

9.46

.11

.00

.00
.01

.00
1.68
.00
.01

11.27

11.62

.02
.02

1.21

.02

.02
.02

1.22
.02

.02
.02

.01

.04
. 12
.03

.26
1.55
3.99

.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Alcoholic
beverages

Paper and
paper
products

Lumber,
constructn
materials

197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worxer
Other sales workers

20-11
.22

21.80
. 29
21.52

23.22
.25
22.97

22.11

22.76
.07

21.31
.09

12.85

14.17

16.52

.05
22.05

22.68 21.22

12.84

14.16

16.51

Clerical workers

29.06

27.59

29.11

18.43

17.99

19. 11

8.77

.01

8. 37
.01

9.35

.01

6.11
.01

5.91

6.48

4.35

6.61
.19
1.96

6.63
. 10
1.63

7.86
.03
1.44

5.03
.13
.94

5.05
.05
.80

5.73

1.63
.44
.16
.19
.04
.57

1.52
.25
. 13
.40
.03
.47

1.45
.31
.16
.32
.06
.40

.59
.15
.03

.61
.09
.03
.25

.57
. 13
.04
. 19

.23

.23

18.66
1.04
4.73

17.70
1. 10
4.49

.27

.30

18.17

0
0
CD

19.88

18.46

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

4.34

4.31
. 01
3.60

4.95

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.50
.18
.03
.27

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
fieceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
fioofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters
Blue collar worker supervisors
ffetalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Blacksmiths
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Pattern and moldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices




.01

3.48
.04
.80

.01

.94
.06

.01

12.33
.35
5.73
.55
.18

.01

.84
.19

.00

.02
.68

1.54
. 11
. 03
.58
. 01
.79

.01
.01

.58
1.31
.16
.08
.42

.01

.63

.01

.00
.01

. 01
12. 04
.38
5. 41
.59

.22
.01
.87
.20
. 00
.21

12.20
.46
4.97
.69
.28

.01
1.00
.21
.00

.01

.20

.01
1.61
.12
.00
.34
.12

.00

.22

.01

1. 67
. 14

.00

.06

.21

.11
.22

.98

. 12
.05
. 19
. 42
. 78
. 34
.78
. 14
.03
1. 05

.16
.04
.17
.38
.73
-27
.87
.08
.05
1.32

.58
.28
.07
.16
.53
3.32
.40
2.09
.49
.04
2.27

.40
. 14
.48
.27
.07
. 16
.51
2.77
.43
1.91
.28
.04
2.31

3.83

4. 13

3.76

6.30

6.13

.27
.09

.24
. 08

.19
.05

.33
.09

.29
.08

. 17
.05
.25

.11

.05
.18
.43

.88

.32
.84

.22
.02

.01
.00
.01
.04
.00
.00
.07
.00

.23

.00
.02
.01
.13
.00
.01
.05
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.02
.01
.11
.00
.01
.06
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
2.57

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.10
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

2.11

2. 15

1.76

2.57

.03

.34

.04

.04

.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00

. 00
. 03

.00
.00
. 08
.00
. 03

.04

.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.01
.00

239

.33

.00
.01
.20

.00
.01
.22

•04
.04

.04
.03

.00

.04

.00

.03

.00
.20

18.31
1.45
4.34
.26
.33

.01
2.02
.22
.00

.38
.23
.47
.27
.04

.11

.52
2. 14
.40

.01

.01

.01

.01

.02
.00

.73

.11
.01
.24
.00

.01
.20
.00

.04

.04

.03

11.73
.56
4.83

11.47
.62
4.59

12.07
.89
4. 36
. 13

.17
.03
.53
.24

.19
.03
.58
.27

.11

.01
.21

.17
.19

.10

.03
.19
.37
1.28
.43
.77
.25
.08

.12

.01
.27
.20

.16

.10
.02
.21

.36

.01

. 16

.00

.21

.06
.77
.40
. 02
.27
.30
.17
. 11

.01
.20

.37

1.12

1.02

1.21

.50
.73
.15
.09
1.15

.60
.92
.09
. 12
1.07

5.94

14.01

13.80

13.60

.24
.06

2.21

3.98

3.58
1.89
.13
.30
.04
.17
.32
.05

3.29
.85
. 12
.65

2.22

.14
.07
2.70

.00
.01
.05
.00
.01
.07
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
2. 10
.03

.39

.15
.26
.05
.17
.33
.07

.21
.02

.01
.02
.02

.05
.04
.18
.25

.04
.04
.15

.22

.24
.35

3.70

3.90

3.75

.77

.00
.01

.02
.10

.32

.26
.28

.02
.02
.00
.02

.22
.01

.02

. 16
.51
.06
.29

.00

.09

.02

.72

.58

.08
.25
.29

.05

.01

.00

.07

.02

.00

.22
.25
.00
.04

.02

Table 1- Percent distribution ot industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1^78 and projected 1990

Alcoholic
beverages

Paper and
paper
products

Lumber,
constructn
materials

1970

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mecnanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices
Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices
Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,reparrer
Locomotive engineers
Telephone installers,repairers
Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

197 0

1978

1990

.69

. 76

.02
.00

1.00
.03
.00

1.77

.01
.00

1.68
.01
.00

2.27

1.48
.05

1.71
.07

2. 46
.09

.38

.37

.45

. 11

. 09

.56

.54

. 66

.03

.70

.03
. 87

.04
.85
. 11

.06
1.36
. 16

.09

. 00
. 11

.09

.08

. 00
.06

.02
.00

.01
.00
.20
.02
.00
.00
.06

.04

.01

.01
.00

. 00
. 26

.41

.00
.00
.00

.01

. 00
. 00
. 08

. 10

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 03

.01
.01
.00
.00
.02

.01
.01

.04
.03

. 03
. 02

.00
.00

.65

. 00
. 00

.01

.00
.00

.44

.48

.43

.05

.05

. 02

.02
.01
.01
.00

.03

.00
.01
.00

. 00

.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.24

.23

3.95
.28

3.77

3. 44
.07
. 06
.26

.03

.01

. 00

.73

.00
.01
.00

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.03

.05

.05

.04

. 72

.58

.06

.01
.02

.05

.01
.03
.00
.00

.00

.01
.00
.02
.01
.01
.01
.01

.01

.00
.01
.00

.11
.01

.01
.02

.68
.02
.22
.01
.01

.05
.51

.24

.48

.00
.01

. 00
. 06
. 00
.03

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.05

.05

.03

.05

.00
.01
.00
.12

30.30

27. 15

25.78

15-37

1.59

1 70
.

2.08

7.30

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Heaters, metal
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

. 02
. 00

.07

.02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.07

.07

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.54
.54

.50
. 50

.46
.46

2.15
2.15

1.84
1. 84

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport




.00

.06

.00

.00

.00

. 00
. 00

.00

. 00

240

.00

.99
.03
.45

1.02

.76

.00
.00
.01

.00

.01

.08

. 89

.00

. 00

.00

.01

.06

.56
.03
. 07

. 00

.00

.01

.00

.00

.80
.05
.07

.02
.00
.01

.00

.02

. 00
.07
.03
.09
1.28

.66
.01
.00

.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.00

.01

.01
.02

.01

.00

.04

.00
.02

.05

. 00
.06

.00

.00
.01
.00

.09

.02

.01
.00

.22

.37

.04
.28

2.09
.73
.07

.03
2.34
.49
.07

.01
.02

.01
.10
.11

.01

.01

.05
.09

.01

.01
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00

.02

.06
2.60

.10

.04

.02
.00

. 04
.18

23.27

.12
21.66

19. 81

7.87

8.38

8.81

10.10

.08

.85

.84

1.02

. 12

.13

14.55

14.42

7.33
.07

.02
-02
.01
.11
.02

.02
.02
.01
.08
.02

.07

.06
.61

.06
.63

.08
.05
.06
.73

1.41
1.41

.40
.40

.33
.33

. 18
. 18

.04
. 04

.01

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Paper and
paper
products

Alcoholic
beverages

Lumber,
constructn
materials

1970

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Blasters
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Mixing operatives
oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.02
.00

1. 18

1.62

5.07

5. 42

6.39

.16

.28

7.14
.18
.60
.04

7.64
.26
.69
.04

8.90

. 00
. 08
. 00
.54

1.09
.03

1.19
.03

1.52
. 06

.24

.26

. 36

.08

.09
.08
.05

. 12
.04
.07

.05

.00

.45

.00

. 00

.00

.83

. 00
.01
. 01
. 01
.00
. 00
. 00
- 01

.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

.01

.00
.00
1.88
.00
.00
.03
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.0 1
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.41
.20

.00
.00

.01.

.00

.00

. 00
. 00

.01
.00

1.68
.86

.03

.02

.07

.02
.03
.00
.02
.00
.09
.06

.02
.32
.00
.00
1.96
.00
.00
.02

. 00
.04
. 02
.07

.02
. 02
.00
.02
.00

.01

.44
. 00

.00

2.34

.00
.00
.01

.00
.09

.01

.08

.01
.01

.02

.10

.06

.01

.01
.01

.22

.96
.07

.01
.01

.02

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00

.02

.01

.00

1.54
.03
.17

1.02

.08
1. 97
1.33

1.96
.90

1.32
.03
.09
.03
2.26
1. 11

.73
.07
.03
.07
2. 98
1.48

14.89

12.86
.02

9.71
2.36
4.02

9.41

2.46
3.06
.07
7.23

1.12

.94

.75

. 04
.06
1.80

.02

.02

.03

.04

.02

.02

.06

.30
.15

. 34
. 17

28.71

23.69

8.08

7.22

6.55

17.10
1.14
. 18
10.29

25. 46
. 00
14.41
1.29
. 16
9. 60

12.73
1.23
.06
9.67

2.85
.97
.09
4. 17

2.33
1. 15
.07
3.67

1.95
1.43
.04
3.14

.80

. 75

.60

.83

.74

.56

1-19

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.61
.16
.45

.57
. 16
.41

.44
.14
.30

.69
.17
.52

.63
. 17
. 46

.50
. 17
.33

.22

.22

.57

.52

.67
.23
.44

Food service workers
Bartenders
Cooks,exc private households
Waiters

.01
.02
.01

.02
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.04
.00

.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01

. 00

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Guards
Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.00

.05

.05

.00

. 04

.03

. 02

.01
.01

.0 1
.01
.01

. 04

.04

.00

.04

.00

-03

.01
.03
.01

.01
.02
.01

.05

.04

.00

.03

.01
2.88

2.46

.11

.79

.01

.01

3.32

.02
.01
.01

.02
.02
.01
.10
.10

.02
- 02
.01

.02
.01
.01

.00
.05
.00

. 10
. 10

.09
.09

.05
.04

. 04
.03

.02
.01

.37
.36

.34
.33

.24
.23

8.48

8. 14

7.72

6.97

6. 87
.00
.02
.01

6.77

10.47

10.17

10.89

1.59
.03
. 00

2.03
.08

.30
.54
5.75
.05

,24
.52
5.86
.07

.23
. 57
7.18
. 11

3.28

.03
3.31

.25
.91

.25
.98

.28
.90

1.06

.06
1.77
.80

.00
.02
.02

4.76
.04

.00
.00

. 00

.01

. 02
4. 76
.05
. 00

.01

.00
1. 00
.01

.07
2.50
.15

. 08
2.08
- 13

.92

241

.00
.01

.04
5.24

.10
.00
.00

.00

.03

.01
.02
.00
.02

1.57

.90

3.03

1.15
.17

.03
2.07
.19

.01
.10

.01

-02
.01

.03
1.72
.17

.00
.01
.02
.00

.01
.02
.20

.01

.02
.02

.01

.01

.00

.00

.01

.01

.07
1.46
.71

.09
. 82
.70

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Other
wholesale
trade
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Chemical
Civil
Elect rical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

1978

fietail
trade
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
4. 11

3.69

2.03

2.26

.34

.27

.04

.04

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.04
.06
.04
.19
.07

.04
. 06
.03
. 13
.06

.03
.07

.19

.21
- 05

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.01
.01

. 01
. 01

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,fciolgcl,exc healta
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Other engineering,science tech

.30
.05

.32
. 06
.02
. 07
. 06
. 02
. 10

.12
.01

.02

.08
.05

.01

.09

. 14

.02
.01

.01

.08
.06

.21
.11
.01
.07

.02
.01
.01

.38
.05

.02

.07
.07
.03
.14

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
Optometrists
Pharmacists
Begistered nurses

.02
.01
.00
.01
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Hadio operators
Other technicians except health

.02
.01

.01

.02
.01

.06

. 09

.13

.22

.25
.18
.08

.09

. 02
. 00
. 00

.01
.01

. 13
. 02

.04

.00
.00
.02
.02
.16

Computer specialists
Computer prcgramers
Computer systems analysts

.16
.06

.27
. 19
. 08

Social scientists
Economists

. 11
. 11

. 17
. 17

.16
.16

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.01
.01
.00

. 01
. 01

.02
.02
.00
1.12
.05
.00

1.05
.04

.00
.41

.11
.02
.14
.07
.23
.03

.00
1.22
.04
. 00
.45
. 12
. 03

.20

.05
.28
.04

242

.37

.11

.06
.24
.04
.23
.03

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.43

.05
.0 1




1978

3.73

Life and physical scientists
Agric ultural
Biological
Chemists
Geologists

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Dancers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

1970

Building
materials

.00
.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.03

.00
.00
. 00

.01
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03

2.18
.04

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.04

.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01

.84

.77
. 01

.79

.01
.01
.80
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.05
.03

.02
.73
.01

. 02

.00
.00
.01

.06
.04

.01
.01
.01

.02
.02
.02

.11
.01
.10

. 08

.40

.01
.02
.74
.01
.02
.00
.00
.01
.07
.04
.03

.02
.02
.04

.01

.01

.07

.03

.61

.61

.01
.02
.10

.02
.03
.11

.03

.03

.20

.20

.06

.09

.01

.09

.01

.03
.03

.04
.07

.05
.06

.11

.01

.02
. 04
. 11
.04

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
1.09
1.20 1.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.13

.10
.00
.00
.00
.01

.03
.07

.03
.05

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.19

.00
.01

.14

.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.20
.00
.02
.14

. 06

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.03

.01

.00
. 00

.00

. 00

.00

.00
.00
.20
.00
.01
. 16

.01
.00

.01
.00

.01
.00

.03

.03

. 02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01

.03

.01
.01
.01

.01
.00
.02

.03
.03

.04
.03

.04
.03

.03

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.00
.10
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.12
.02
.00

. 10

.04

.04

.01
.00
.01
.00

.03

.00

.02
.00
.02

.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.01
.00

.04

.04

.00

.03

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation. 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Retail
trade

Other
wholesale
trade

Building
materials

1970

Other professional and technical
Accountants
A rchitects
Archivists and curators
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers
Vocation,education counselors
Managers,officials,proprietors
Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade
Sales manager, exc retail trade

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.33
.91

1.42
.98

1.07
.75

.52
.30

.62
.37

.54
.35

.61
.46

.70
.54

.58
.48

.01
.01

.04

.01
.01

.02
.02
.01
.02
.01
.01

. 03

.01
.02
.01

.01
.03
.01

.04

.06

.22
.06
.01

. 05

.06
.13
.04

19.35
4.38
.31
1.45

. 18
1.30

.20

.00

2.42

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01

.00

. 01

.00
.00
.02
.00

. 01

.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.12
.00
.00

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01
.00

.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.11
.00
.00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.03
.00
.01

.18

.02

.01
.00

.20
.01
.00

21.03

21.70

17.31

17.75

17.66

20.89

22.06

20.89

4.29

5.02
.18
.15
1.36

3.27
.06
.19
.82

3. 12
.06
. 11
.75

3-54
.05
.75
2.64

3.28
.06
.30
.93
1.99

2.63
.06
.19
.71

.00

1.68
.00

1.45
.03
. 14
.37
.92

17.62

19.44

.22

.01

.20

.00

.00
2. 61

2.20
.00

. 14

.10

.09

.00
.00

3.33

2.21
.00

16.68

14.03

14.63

14. 12

1.70

.28

.30

.33

.00

.01
.66
.01

3.37
10.38

3.49
10.83

3.03
10.75

.04
16.90

18.72

18.85

15.53
.08
.03

23.14

19.80
.03

20.32
.03

25.43

24.76

33. 15

.38
1.26
. 18
17.95

.32

. 10
18.85

25.42

24.74

33. 12

.00

.00

19.43

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

14.97

.03
13.55

16.75
. 00
1.44
. 01
. 02
15.27

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Auctioneers
Demonstrators
Hucksters and peddlers
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

17.31
.09

17. 27
. 11

17.22

17. 16

15.42

.43
1.65
.13
20.90

Clerical workers

27.82

26. 55

27.05

15.68

16.57

18.09

15.39

14.84

13.87

1.62

1.63

1.77

3.15

3.21

3.42

1.27

1.41

2.85

3.15

.40

.35

.35

2.73
.04
.39

.34

.27

.37
.06
.07
.06

.37
.03
.06
. 12

.34
. 04
.08

.07

.22
.02

.19
.03

.01

.10
.01
.01

.03

.08

.05

.09

.06

.00

1.38

.01

.01
-00
.00
.00

.00
.02
.01

14.95

.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

8.45

8.07

8.78

6.45
.12
1.87

6.41
.07
1.57

7.33
.03
1.40

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunc h
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.38
.30
.09
.25
.03
.59

1.37
. 17
.07
.50
.03
. 49

1.15




.02

.02
.11

.01

.02

.21

.09
.33
.03
.41

.00

.00

.02
.01

.00
1.20
.02

.01

.00

.01

.00

.01

243

.00

.01
.00

.00
.11

.09

.01
.11

.14
.04

. 00
.05

.01

.01

1.02

.00
.01

.11
.01
.07
.00

.04

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.01

.02
.68
.00
.02

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.02

.00
.00
.01

.02

.56

.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.01

.00
.02
.00
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Other
wholesale
trade

Retail
trade

Building
materials

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finisaers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

17.99
.98
5.17
.31
.24
.05
1.0b
. 12
.46
.19
.54
.03
.36
. 10
.14
.55
3.00
.37
1.74
.25
.05
2.29

17. 12
1.04
4.72
.33
. 28
.05
1. 08
. 13
.54
. 22
. 43
. 03
.33
. 08
. 14
.50
2. 61
. 39
1. 56
. 16
.06
2.45

17.12
1.34
3.97
.39
.33
.06
1.19
.19
.47
.32
.37
.03
.28
.04

13.69
.14
2.95
6.17

14.57
. 16
2.81
7. 12

12.02

.08
.38
.05
.37
.05
. 14

.18
7.32
1.15
.05
.05

11.44
.19
6.87
1.28
.06
.04

10.35
. 19
6.07
1.90
.05

.08
.34
.05
.31
.04
.17

15.97
.23
2.42
8.44
.14
.09
.49
.05
.31
.07
. 12

.15
.15
.06

.17
. 11
.06
-05

.00

.14
.14
.06
.13

.00

. 12

.07
.04
.06
.15
.53

7.78

.10

.00
.10

.00
.11

.04

.10

.11

.40
2.32
.32
1.64

.15
.45
.13

1.00

.03
. 13
. 15
.43
. 16
.91

.09
3.19

. 16
.03
1.17

7.97

8.69

.75
.26

.71
.25

.88

-07

.09

.00

.00

.08
.03
. 10

.10
.01
.00

.03

.00
.01
.07

.10

.19

.00

.00
.21
.00

.00

.06
. 03
. 07
. 11

.03
.07
.08
.15
.03

8.20

20.18

20.95

19. 84

.62
.26

.58
.27

.46
. 19

6.05
2.67
.08

5.41
2.70

.03
.31
.15
.05
.60
.03

6.15
3.06
.06
. 12
.03
.34
. 14
.03
.48
.03

1.59
.05

1.59
.05

1.73

.01

.02
.01

.35

.19

.04

2.10

2.06

.61

.67

.01
.01
.00
.06
.01

.66

.72

.69

1.82

.07

.07

.60

Printing trade crafts workers
Bookbinders
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Photoengravers, lithographers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.35
.03

.12
.10
.01

.01

.01

.08

. 08

.08

.00
.02
.01
.00
.01

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Telephone installers,repairers

.01
.01

.02

.02
.02

.01
.00




.55
.09
.46
.06
.51

.05

.03

2. 04
.05

.02

.06

.10

.04

1.94
.03
. 14
.08

.01
.02
.00

.00
.00
.10
.00
.00

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
-07
.00
.00
.09
.00
.00
.02

.04
.08

.22
.01
.13
.01
.02
.02
.02
.00
.00

.07

.01
.01
.01
.02

.00
.03
.01
.00
.03
.00

.00
.04
.01
.00
.02
.00

2.82
.05

5.12
.23

.21

.58
2.98

.00
.00

. 00
.14
. 11
. 03
. 69
. 10
.33
. 04
.57

1.02

. 32

.02

.20
.00

. 12
. 09

.07
.05

. 01

244

.02

.01

.01

.06
.04
.50
. 14
. 18
.05

.02

.59

.01

.24
.04
.32
. 12

.01

. 15

.01
.01

.01
.11
.07
.00
.40
.00

.01
.12
.09
.00
.39
.00

4.77
.29

4.98
.26

9.43
1.40

9.39
1.94

.44
2.70

.46
2.74

.69

.00

.00
.02
.53
.00

. 17
.27
.24
. 09

. 16
.35
.25
. 16
. 19
.39

4.02
2.31
.32

3.64
2.49
.27

3.82
2.96
. 12

.56

.08
.43

.07
. 17

.03

.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02

.00
.20
.22

.14
.51

.23
. 10
.27
.30

.22

.05

.05

.67

.02

.12

.00
.04
.01
.00
.02
.00

. 16
.05

.01

.02

8.25

.01
.02
.08
.00
.00
.09
.00
.00

.25
.03
.18

.12
.00

.04

8.45

1.71

.00
.06

.06
.03
.07

.03
.62

.77

.10

.11

.00

.12
.00

.02

.03
1.23

.11

.21

.00
.01
.00
.00

.02

. 00
.03

.22

.51
.23
.55
.07
.03
.62

Ketalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mecn
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
Millw rights
Pattern and mcldmakers
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

2.29

.02

.22

. 14
.14
.50
.19
.92
. 10
.04
1.45

2. 26
.22
.01
. 14
.01
.01
.02
.02

Blue collar worker supervisors

.12

.01

.33

.02
.01

.00
.02

.00
.11

.00
.02
.02
.00
.01

.00
.01
.01
.00
.01

.04

.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.00

.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.01

.01

. 12
. 12

.00
.41
.01

9. 16
1.74

.00
.01

.28

.00

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Retail
trade

Other
wholesale
trade

Building
materials

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Furriers
Glaziers
Inspectors, log and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Piano,organ tuners, repairers
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.21
.00

2. 42

2.82

2.27

2.67

2. 51

.08
.46
. 04
. 69
. 08
. 00

.03
.55
.04

2. 05
.38
. 14
. 18

1.97
.28

. 11
.39
.05
.43
.07

1.93
.39
.16
.17

.01

.10
.18
-01

.46
.04

.64
.03

.72
.03

.31
.07
.08
.09

.36
.08
.07
.16

.31
.06
.07
. 18

1.47

1.76

1.76
.04
.03

.00

.88

.13

.02
.02

.00
.02
.01

.75

. 11
. 67

.06
.74

.04

- 00
. 00
.03

.00
.00
.04
.01
.02

.14

.07

. 08
. 08

13.81

13. 18

7.30

7. 28

Semiskilled metalworking
Drill press operatives
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Melders and flamecutters

.32
.03

.30
. 02

.01

.01
.02

.04

. 03
.03

.03
-04

.03
.04
.14

. 03
. 03
. 14

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Meat wrappers, retail trade
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,proace
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

2.48
2.33
. 15

Operatives
Operatives,except transport




.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.10

.01

.02
.01

.00

4.51

.00
.47

.01
.01

.43
.43

.01
.00
.02
.17
.02
.00
.02
.00

.01

.01
.01

.15
.07

.09

.01

. 02
.15
. 09

.01
.08
.00
.01

. 14
. 10

.00
.00
.12
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00

.11
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00

.05

.07
.08

.05

.04

13.59

9.59

7.93

6.33

10.21

10.01

7.96

7.57

7.23

5.73

4.33

2.45

2.56

2. 16

.12

.01
.02
.01
.02
.01
.15
.11

.01
.01
.02
.02
.01

.01
.01
.02
.01
.01
.11

.05

.02
.00
.00

.04

.02
.00
.00

.04

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.05

.30

.30

.34

.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.15

.03

.04

.04

.26

.28

.34

2. 16

1.74
1.54

.78
.37
.40

.75
.37
.37

.69
.36
.33

.11

. 00
2. 00
. 16

.11
.00

.12
.00
.12
.00

5.52

6.42

4. 94

3.59

.03

.03

.04

2.04
.03
.26

2.14
.05
.30

.04
.45

.04
.26

.31

.01

4.83
. 00
.53

.02

.04

.00

.20

.01
.01

.00
.68
.02
.02

.47
.48

.65
.43

.01

.02
.00
.01

. 00
. 02
. 17

.24
.03

.02
. 00
.02
.00
.02

.00
.01
.00
.23
.01

. 05
. 15

.08
.13

.01
.01

.02
.00

.15
.16
.05
.03

. 13
. 16
.03
.04
1 13
.

.06
.31

1.05

.08

.01
.02

.01

.00

. 14
- 07
.06

.01
.01

. 15

1.10

.01

.00

.00
.00
.01
.01
.02
.00
.00
.02

.03

. 13
.03
.05
. 16

.01
.01

.01

.00

o
o
•

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Dry wall installers, lathers
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Riveters and fasteners
Sailors and deckhands
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Minding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.00
.02
.02
.12

.00

1.22

.01

.04
1.07
1.44

245

.04

.01

.00

.00

.03
.04
.44

.00
.00
.00
.02
3.75
.02
1.38
.01
.02
.01
. 10
.01
.00
.00
.02
.06
.01
.00
.20
.28

.01

.00

.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01

.00

.00
.02

.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00

.27

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.27

.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.02
.00

.05
.06

.04
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 13

.00

.13

.01

1.69

.02

.47

.00
.00

. 14

.00
.00
.01
.00
.02
.02

.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.01

2. 43

1.62

1.09

.80

.02
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00

.03

.05

.06

.03

.02
.01
.03

.01

.01
.00

.00
.09
.01
.00
.00
.02
.07
.01
.00

.26
.34

.24
.30

.09
. 01

.00
.00

.03
.06

.02

.03

.01
.01
.00

.47
.03
.03

.02
.02
.01
.01
.00

.52

.00

.02
.02
.00
.01
.00

.48

.01

.02
.02
.01

-02
.03
.01

.38
.34

.41
.34

.24
. 18

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Retail
trade

Other
wholesale
trade

Building
materials

1970

Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Lodging gtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt
Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives
Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,grourdkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

6.51
2.81
.47

6.02

2.00

1. 17

1.14
. 13
.03

7.76
2.37
.52

7.46
2.41
.63

5.80
2. 87
.46

3.11

2.36
1.27
.09
.03
.03
.94

2.20

.06
3.17

5.90
2.33
.59
. 00
. 04
2. 94

.02
.68

4.85

4.41

2.47

1.42

1.38

1.27

18.57

21.99

22. 13

.89

.74

.30

.85

. 80

.75

1.11

.76

.62

.26
. 53

.28
.45

.04
.40

.66

1.23
.03
.48
.72

.93

.26
.57

.35
.56

.28
.47

.26
.37

.24
. 00
.13
. 12

.08

. 07
. 00

.06

. 03

. 02

16.82
1.24
.64
3.95
1.03
1.47
7.41
1.09

20.08
1.54
1.05
5.33
1. 06
2.09
7.73
1.29

20.59
1.59
1.27
5.95
1. 19
2.33
7.05

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.01

.02
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

. 00

.44
.06

.49
.06

.42
.06

. 13

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.11
.11

. 00

.23
.16

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.02

.00
.00

.00
.01
.02
.02
.00
.00

.35

.01
.00
.01

.06
.27

.01

.14
.13
.0 1
8.78
.04
.03
.07
1.84
.34

.02

.02

.00
.00
.01
.00
-02
.01
-02
.00
.00

.00

.00

. 02

.01
.02

. 00
. 00
.40

.41

.01
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01

. 00
.04
.33
. 01

.01
.01

.12

.04
.03
. 84

.00
.01
.02

.02

1.21

.00
.01
.01
.20

.00
.02

.00

.00
.02

.00

.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.01

.03
.18
.14

. 12

.06
.06

.01

. 18
.16

.02

. 18
. 16
. 02

. 18
. 16

.01

.12
.12
.00

.00

5.24

5.45

5.09

5.91

5.44

2.99

. 04

8.47
.03
.07
2.14
.51

.03
.08
-42
-05

.07
.43
.06

.03
.04
.45
.06

.31
.99
2.07
.07

.29
.85

.33
.33

.11
.01
8. 49
.02

.07
1. 83
.39

.01
2.86
.01

1.56

. 02
1.26
1 90
.

2.11

.00
.00

.01

.08
2.67

.01
.02

2.09
.82

o
o

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Barbers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

1978

. 08

.35

.02

.00
.10
2.72
.02
.02

.65
2-18

246

.01

.00
.01

.02
.02

.00

.00
.01
4.24
.00

.28
.18
.16

.29
. 16
. 16

4.02

.02

.00
.01
4.00
.00
.22

. 13
. 14

.00

.00

.06
.06

.00

2.02

1.21

.06

.05

.00
.11
1.20
.01

.00
.10
1.04
.01

.04
.35
.77

.04
.35
.67

.00

.04
.32

.01
.02

.31
.36

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

1990

00.00 100. 00 100.00
1.40

1.44

1.18

.61

.73

.78

1.93

2.31

2. 12

.06

.04

.05

.07
.03

.02

.04
.07
. 01

.01
.00
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

.29

. 28

.30

.03

.04

.06

.04

.05

. 08

. 04

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Registered nurses

.00
.00
.00

.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except health

.01
.01

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.02
.01
.00

.03




100.00 100.00 100.00

.02
.01
.00
.01

.04

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Resta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

1990

.02
.01
.00
.01

.02
.20
.01
.01

•Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

1978

.05

.02
.21
.01
.01

Managers,officials,proprietors

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

.02
.00
.01
.00
.01

Engineering,science technicians
Chemical technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Foresters and conservationists
Lawyers
Operations and systems researcu
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

1990

.00
.01
.02
.01

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

1978

.00
.01
.03
.01

- 17
.0 1
.05
. 10

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

1970

.01
.02
.05
.01

Engineers,technical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

Social scientists
Economists

General
merchandse.
total

Hardware
and farm
equipment

Lumber and
building
materials

.03

. 13

.08

.01

.02
.24
.01
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.01
.01
.00
.01

.00
.02
.01

.01
.01

. 04
. 03

.03

.01
.00

.01
.01
.01
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.07
.03
.03

.06
.03
.03

.01
.02

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.00

.04

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

.02
.00
.02

.03
.03

.04
.03

.04
.03

.17

. 16
. 10
.05

. 15
.03
.07

.01
.00

-01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.06

. 11

.03

. 00
.04

.00

.71
.52

.78
.59

.63
.51

.00

.02
.03
.00
.00
.14
.01

.01
.01
.00

.01
.02

.01

.00
.03
.00
.00

.03
.00

.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.02
.00

.00
.00
.03
.00
.00

.00
.00
.05
.00
.00

.03

.05

.45
. 37

.54
. 45

.52
.43

.00
. 00
.00
.00

.08

.09

.09

19.75

20.46

19.37

3.43
.06
.42
.85

1.35

3.04
.08

2.11

2.65
.05
.25
.63
1.72

.28
.85

16.32

17.82

.81
.03
15.46

.79

18.02
.03
.65

16.98

17.33

.02

.02

.01

.02
.20

.01

247

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 14
. 01

.02

.04

.01
.00

.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.10
.02
.03
.01
.01
.00
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

. 00

.01
.00

. 02
. 02

.14
.03
.07

.00
.00
.00

.04
.03

.00

.00
.02
.02
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01

. 00

.00
.03
.01
.00
.00

.03
. 04

.01

.00
.04
.01
.00
.01

.00
22.68

.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.08

.00

.12

.00

.00
.01

.03

.08
.04

.01

.10
.06
.02

.02
.02

.03
.03

.03
.03

.15

.12

.08

.02

.13

.03
.09

.06

.63
.04
.16

.65
.05
. 16
.09
.26

.02

.45
.03

.12
.10

.13

.02
.01
1.00
.47
.01
.00
.02
.02
.47
.01
.05

.11
.22
.02
.07
.01

1.17
.57

.01
.00

.03
.03
.51

.02

.01

.01

.07

.02

.96
.55

.01
.00
.02

.03
.33

.02

25. 21

23. 15

13.75

15.60

17. 13

1.60
.04
.05
.49

8.21
. 10
.22

1.02

6-50
.09
.35
1.58
4.49

6.82

1.05
1.81

2.59
.07
.06
.85
1.60

19.64

22.62

21.55

7.25

8.78

.43
.06
19.15

.45
.03
22. 14

.00
21.12

.43

.27
.15
6.83

.31
.13
8.33

.10

.00

.00

.00

.01

.10

.23
1.56
4.94

.01

1.52
6.37
8.93
.03
.40
. 12
8.38

fable 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Hardware
and farm
equipment

Lumber and
building
materials

General
merchandse.
total

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Hucksters and peddlers
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

20.32

22. 21

31.38
.04

3 3.42

35.79

20.30

.00
22. 19

.00
.00
.00
.00

29.76

.00
.00
.00

31.34

33.42

29.76

35.79

44.87
.04
2.05
7.99
.56
34.24

39.79
.06
1.96
6.77
.89
30.10

35.27
.06
1.46
4. 82
.35
28.58

Clerical workers

15.84

14. 98

13.61

14.69

14.57

14.26

23.07

25.37

28. 79

3.80
3.29
.04
.47

3. 75
3. 33

4.18
3.85

2. 16

2.28
2- 09

2.20

2.29
1.48

.02

2.66
1.83
.01

. 40

.33

2. 13
1.84
.03
.26

.80

.82

.23
.09

.21

.1 1
.01
.01

.20

. 15

.97
.08
.15
.32

. 89

.01

.02

.35

.29
.13

. 17
. 11

22. 10

25.25

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Duplicating
Keypunch
other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,sbarters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers

.02
.00
.00
.00

.02
.05
.00

.07

.01

11.8 1
.21
7.18

.66

. 02
. 00

.00

.01

-02

.57
.31

.68
.12

.18

1.33
.03
.84

.07

.90

.01

.00
.01
.02
.00
.03
.01

.12

.01
.02
.00

.02
.01
.04
.00

. 12

.08

12.36
. 12
7.54
1.91
.04
.07
.16

12.26
. 13
7.31
2.29
.05
.06
. 17

11.91
.13

.14
.04

. 14
.04

.07
.05

.06
.46
.06
.91
.06

.06
.04
.03
.05
. 44
.07
. 69
. 04

.06
.05
. 11
.03

.05
.03
.42
.04
. 25
.03

19.97
.32
2.48
6.07
.30
.24
.91
.03
.94
.09
.45
.24
.04
.27
.18
1.14
.33
1.81
.45

.01

2.02
.32
.01

.62

-53

.54

.54

3.67

4.17

4.75

.07

.00
.02
.01

.01
11.02
. 22
6. 65

.04
.69

.20

1.91
. 02
.23

.00
.00
.00
.00

.14
.07

. 04
. 01
. 10
. 00
.05

9.31

.22
5.66
1.01

.77
. 06
. 04
.24
. 23
. 15
. 07
- 13
. 06
. 03
. 10
. 15
. 54
. 32
. 47
.09
. 04
. 66

.06
.05
.25
.23
.15
.07
. 14
.07
.04
.09

.00
.00
.00
.00

.05

.01

.18
.17
.06
.05
.13
.04

.02

.07
.05
.55

.20

.02

.05

.01

.01

.12

.02

.01

.01

.01

.10

.01

6.68

3.23
.04
.03
. 16

.01

.01

.01

.17
.14

.01

.11

.01

.41
2.47
6.97
.39
.27
1.09
.04
1.25
. 12
.38
.27
.04
.33
.19
1.18
.43
1.76
.35

.11
.21

.27

.68

2.06

8.86

.45
.31
1.43
.07
1.04
.19
.25
.32
.03
.31

.21

1.39
.57

19.36

19. 94

19.35

21.48

22.94

20.56

3.95

4.72

5. 10

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
fioofers and slaters
Structural metal craft workers
Tile setters

9.13
4.21
-12
.14
.04
.40
.23
.08
.85
.05
.03
2.32
.08

8. 71

8.49
4.36

1.22
.26
.02
.05
.00

1. 11
.27
.01

.80
.23

.31
.17

.30
.15

.24
.07

.06

.05

Blue collar worker supervisors
Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Boilermakers
Machinists and apprentices
M illwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices




4. 49
. 08
. 17
. 04
.41

.02

.39
.06
.45

.19

.04
. 00
. 19

.01
.02
.00

.00
.00
.00

. 14

.06

.00
.00
.00

.02

.01

.20
.01
.21
.02
.02
2.68
.02
.01

.57

.29

.06

.01
.00
.02

2.40

2.61

2.52

.90

1.09

1.37

1.02

1.14

.78

.75

.01

.89

.01

.30

.00

.33

.00

.35

.09
.07
.60

. 10
. 09
.55

.13

.15
.06
.09

. 16
. 08
.08

.02
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.01

.01

.21

. 04
. 64
. 05

-02
2.20

.07

.01

248

.11

.63

.01

.02
.01
.21
.00
.00

.01
.01
. 17
.00
.00

.45

.40

.01
.00
.01

.00

.00

.01
.00
.07
.00
.00
.31

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.00
.01
.06
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.12

. 13
.09

.00

.00
.01

.05

.03

.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.09
.00

.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

1.09
.03

.00

.03

.00
.00
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Lumber and
building
materials

Hardware
and farm
equipment

General
merchandse,
total

1970

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

3.37

3. 89
2.83
. 00
.27
. 04
. 40
. 19
. 00
.04
. 12

3.45
2.80

18.91
. 15
.06
1 19
.
10.24
5.40
.45

20.20

17.71
. 15

1.50

1.74
. 16

2.27
.18

.07

.06

.09

10.73
6.60
. 41

.57
9.50
6.81
. 19

. 17
1.03

. 04
. 02

.03
.03

2.20
.00

.37
.04
.34
.23

.00

.09
.03
.39
.07

. 19
-04

1.02
.00

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.02
.01

.01

.00

.00
.21
1.21
.01
.01
.00

Transport, public util craft wxrs
Telephone installers,repairers

.02
.02

.01

. 01

-01
.01

.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

3.92
.00
.52
. 10
.09
. 23
. 00
2.65
. 16

3.96

.14

. 19

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, leg and lumber
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives

.00

.04
.15
.03

3.63

.00

.49

.10
.12

.00

.05
.03

.00

.47
.07
.08
.29

.00
.02

.03

.00

.03
.04

.02

.11
.01

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00
.11
.36
.02

.16
.49

.01

.28
.75

.02

. 10
.36

.24
.58

. 19
.65

.09
.84

.01
.01
.00

.07
.05

. 06

.00
.00

.02
.00
.00

.07
.04
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

.33

1.02
.06
.03
.04

1.43
.05
.03
.06

1.40
.04

.54
.03

.74
.04

.05

.00
.00

.90
-03

.05

.04
.05

.04
.05

.00

.06
.05
.06

.01
.03
.00
.01
. 02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00

.00

.02

.04

.01

. 10

.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.02
.03
.00
.00

.07

. 06

.03

.01
.02
.00
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

14.17

13. 06

10.59

4.03

4.02

4.02

3.60

3.68

3.66

. 13

.00

2.40
.19

.01
.00
.00
.01

.07
.03

.00

2.90
.06

.01
. 00
.00
.01
.05
. 03

.03

.01
.00

.01

.01

.01

.00
.00
.02
.05
.02

.04
.04

.05
.03

. 06
. 01

.16

.27
.04

.00
.11
.02
.00

.00
.00

.00

.02
.00

.00

.00

3.05

3. 04

2.49

1.52

1.61

1.66

2.06

2.26

2.38

Semiskilled metalworking
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Punch,stamping press operatives
Welders and flamecutters

.23
.03

.23

.26

.41
.03

.43

.02
.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.01

.03

.02

.02
.01

.47

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.12

.67

.61
.60

Operatives,except transport




.00
.20

. 12

.00

.00
.01

.02
.00

.00
.00

. 22

.25

.36

.40

.46

. 13
. 13
. 00

.15
.15

.10

. 10
.09

.10

249

.00

.09

.01

.01

.09

.01

.67

.66
.00

.66
.00

.01
.00
.02
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Lumber and
building
materials

Hardware
and farm
equipment

General
merchandse,
total

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

2.70
.05
.16
.00
.43
.00
.02
.06
.03
.00
.00
.08
.03
.04
.01
.01
.74
.05
.04
.01
.59
.34

2. 68
.07
.21
.00
.39
. 00
. 02
.05
. 02
. 00
. 00
. 08
.03
.03
.01
.01
.77
.04
. 02
.01
. 58
. 33

2.09
.03
.33
.00
.24
.00
.01
.02
.01
.00
.00
.05
.03
.02
.00
.01
.76
.03
.01
.01
.38
.16

1.02
.00
.40
.00
.02
.00
.00
.03
.09
.00
.00
-01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.03
.00
.01
.00
.06
.34

1.08
.00
.49
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.05
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.01
.00
. 00
.04
.00
.01
.00
.06
.36

1.09
.00
.68
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.00
.06
.00
.05
.00
.04
.20

1.37
.00
.02
.03
.04
.63
.00
.01
.21
.08
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.06
.01
.00
.09
.17

1.57
.00
.03
.03
.05
.79
.00
.01
.16
.07
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.07
.01
.00
. 11
.22

1.74
. 00
.05
.04
.08
.66
.00
.01
.21
.05
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.16
.01
.00
. 15
.29

11.12
3.19
.80
.00
.03
7.09

10. 02
3.09
.91
.00
. 03
6. 00

8.10
3.95
.74
.00
.01
3.40

2.51
1.09
.07
.00
.00
1.35

2.41
1.05
.07
.00
.00
1.28

2.36
1-24
.05
.00
.00
1.07

1.55
1.10
.09
.02
.01
.33

1.42
.98
. 12
.03
.01
.28

1.28
.90
. 16
.04
.01
. 18

.95

.77

.29

.79

.67

.33

5.39

4.76

4.27

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.78
.29
.49

.63
. 26
. 37

.24
.13
.10

.73
.28
.45

.61
.25
.36

.25
. 12
. 13

1.19
.40
.79

1.18
.42
.76

.91
.34
. 57

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private houseaolds
Dishw ashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
.00
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

. 02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

2.73
.10
.43
.15
.46
1.20
.39

1.96
.12
.30
.11
.45
.64
.35

1.93
.27
. 15
.17
.47
.30
.56

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Barbers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
-00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00

.93
.10
.05
.02
-11
.60
.05

1.04
.10
.01
-02
.07
.80
.04

.93
. 13
.01
.04
.01
.70
.04

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives

.18
. 17
.00

. 14
. 14
.00

.05
.05
.00

.04
.04
.00

.04
.04
.00

.07
.07
.00

.54
.45
.09

.58
.49
.08

.49
.45
.05

8.22
.48
1.53
3.17
.01
.06
.18
1.12
.01
.03
.43
1.22

7. 13
. 42
1.23
2. 88
.01
.05
. 15
.95
.01
.03
.42
.99

4.24
.51
.54
1.84
.01
.02
.06
.26
.01
.01
.40
.57

2.30
.04
.14
.34
.00
.08
.01
1.34
.00
.06
.21
.07

2. 10
.04
. 10
. 34
.00
.08
.01
1.21
.00
.06
.21
.06

1. 11
.06
.02
.26
.00
. 09
.01
.41
.00
.04
. 19
.04

3.44
.01
.03
.38
.00
.01
.01
2.64
.00
.01
.30
.04

3.78
.01
.03
.42
.00
.02
.01
2.97
.00
.02
.26
.04

3.67
.01
.04
.50
. 00
.03
.02
2.81
.00
.02
. 18
.05

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Dry wall installers, lathers
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Heat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Hiveters and fasteners
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves.
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




250

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970

Limited
price
stores

Department
stores,
mail order
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

1978 and projected 1990

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Vending
machine
operators
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

2.27

2. 75

2.38

1.19

1.39

1. 12

1.91

2.08

1.71

Engineers,technical
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.05
.01
.02
.01

.01

. 06
. 01
.03
.01
.01

.06
.01
.03
.01
.02

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.23
.01
.08
.07
.07

.22
.01
.10
.04
.07

.22
.00
.11
.00
.11

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.02
.02

. 02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic

.04
.02
.02

.05
. 02
.03

.08
.03
.05

.04
.04
.00

.05
.05
.00

.09
.09
.00

.12
.07
.05

.15
.07
.07

.25
.09
. 16

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians
Pharmacists
Registered nurses

.09
.00
.05
.04

. 08
.00
.04
.04

.03
.00
.01
.02

.02
.00
.02
.00

.03
.00
.02
.00

.05
.00
.05
.00

.11
.08
.00
.03

.07
.05
.00
.02

.02
.01
.00
.01

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
. 00
. 02

.02
.00
.00
.02

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.06
.00
.05
.01

.08
.00
.07
.01

.07
.00
.07
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

. 15
.10
.05
.01

.21
. 12
. 07
.02

.19
.06
.02

.06
.03
.02
.01

.09
.04
.03
.02

.07
.03
.03
.01

.07
.04
.02
.01

.08
.03
.03
.02

.03
.00
.02
.01

Social scientists
Economists

.02
.02

. 04
. 04

.04
.04

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

. 10
.02
.08

.09
.03
.06

.07
.02
.05

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

.02
.02
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Athletes and kindred workers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.67
.04
.17
.14
.21
.03
.06
.01

. 88
. 06
.21
. 16
.33
.03
.08
. 02

.85
.06
.20
.12
.36
.01
.07
.02

.06
.00
.03
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00

.09
.00
.05
.03
.00
.00
.02
.00

. 15
.00
.08
.04
.00
.00
.04
.00

.15
.00
.08
.00
.00
.00
.07
.00

.20
.00
.10
.00
.00
.00
.09
.00

.24
.00
. 12
.00
.00
.00
. 12
.00

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labcr relations wkrs
Other research workers

1.12
.56
.02
.03
.49
.02

1.31
.68
. 04
.04
.53
.02

1.02
.60
.02
.03
.34
.02

.99
.20
.02
.01
.75
.01

1. 12
.26
. 04
.02
.79
.01

.75
.26
.05
.03
.40
.01

1.15
.78
.01
.00
.36
.00

1.26
.89
.01
.00
.36
.00

.87
.70
.00
.00
. 17
.00

13.66

15. 11

16.30

18.35

21.98

22.30

15.56

17.40

17. 84

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

8.22
.12
.45
2.03
5.62

8. 46
. 13
. 28
1. 95
6. 10

10.00
.12
.25
1.77
7.86

5.27
-04
.37
1.24
3.63

4.72
.04
.24
1.05
3.39

3. 19
.03
.26
.58
2.33

1.95
.16
.06
.29
1.43

1.99
.16
.04
.30
1.49

2.32
. 10
.06
.37
1.79

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Resta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

5.44
.01
.25
.12
5.06

6.65
.02
.30
. 12
6.22

6.30
.03
.40
.12
5.75

13.07
.01
.36
.30
12.40

17.26
.01
.39
.24
16.62

19.11
.01
.35
.09
18.65

13.62
.05
.66
.51
12.40

15.42
.07
.74
.49
14.13

15.52
. 14
.96
.42
14.00

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

39.33
.05
.07
39.21

34.21
.07
.07
34. 08

32.36
.07
.14
32.16

40.46
.04
.07
40.35

34.79
.06
.07
34.66

30.46
.10
. 15
30.22

3.76
.00
.00
3.76

3.98
.00
.00
3.98

5.01
.00
.00
5.01

Clerical workers

27.62

29. 88

32.24

23.57

27.05

34.04

12.93

13.48

14.90

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

17
343-899 0
 81


.11

251

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Department
stores,
mail order

Limited
price
stores

Vending
machine
operators

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaiies
Stenographers
Typists

2.57
1.48
.03
1.06

2. 64
1 63
.
. 02
.99

2.88
1.92
.01
.96

1.36
.95
.01
.39

1.43
1.06
.01
.36

1.58
1.25
.01
.33

2.97
2.44
.02
.52

3.06
2.60
.01
.45

3.47
3.03
.01
.42

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Duplicating
Keypunch
Tabulating
Other office machine operators

1.21
.17
.24
.17
.02
.44
.01
.16

1. 27
. 11
.21
.40
. 02
.36
.00
.18

1.12
.14
.29
.31
.03
.20
.00
.15

.40
.02
.08
.07
.01
.20
.00
.02

.38
.01
.05
.15
.01
.14
.00
.03

.20
.01
.02
.11
.01
.04
.00
.02

.42
.04
.04
.05
.00
.28
.00
.01

.41
.02
.02
.14
-00
.21
.00
.01

.29
.03
.01
. 16
.00
.09
.00
.01

23.84
.43
2.58
5.82
.38
.32
1.26
.04
1.39
.12
.62
.01
.33
.05
.35
.22
1.50
.43
2.08
.68
.01
5.22

25.97
.54
2.54
6. 84
. 48
.35
1. 45
. 05
1.74
. 16
.50
.01
.36
.05
.41
.23
1.49
.56
2. 03
.50
.01
5. 69

28.24
.85
1.96
8.52
.56
.40
1.80
.08
1.36
.24
-30
.01
.41
.03
.35
.24
1.64
.71
2.16
.43
.01
6.19

21.82
.20
2.86
12.38
.31
.13
.49
.01
.19
.03
.20
.00
.07
.02
.22
.09
.73
.15
2.01
.08
.00
1.65

25.24
.22
3.07
15.58
.35
.11
.50
.01
.21
.03
. 19
.00
.07
.02
.30
.07
.83
. 15
1.71
.07
.00
1.76

32.26
.24
3. 19
23. 16
.27
.05
.40
.01
.09
.02
. 19
.00
.05
.04
.40
.02
1.24
.09
1.00
.10
.00
1.72

9.53
.11
3.35
2.34
.08
.26
.15
.12
.25
.06
.10
.00
.09
.06
.23
.29
.26
.24
.81
.10
.00
.61

10.02
.15
3.31
2.66
.10
.27
.18
.16
.30
.08
.09
.00
.09
.05
.26
.30
.24
.31
.80
.04
.00
-63

11.14
.26
3.20
3. 17
. 12
.32
.23
.26
.27
. 14
. 10
.00
.10
.04
-22
.31
.25
.42
.96
.00
.00
.79

4.27

5.08

5.05

1.82

2. 10

1.98

24.73

27.68

29.05

.38
.20
.00
.07
.07
.02

. 35
.18
. 00
. 07
. 08
. 01

.24
.07
.00
.05
.11
.01

.14
.11
.01
.01
.00
.01

.14
.11
.01
.01
.00
.02

.13
.05
.00
.04
.00
.04

.21
.06
.00
.06
.07
.03

.20
.05
.00
.05
.08
.02

. 19
.03
.00
.01
.13
.02

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Library attendants, assistants
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
fieceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Electricians and apprentices
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pi pef itters,aprentices
Blue collar worker supervisors

1.06

1 19
.

1.10

1.09

1.30

1.41

3.29

3.39

2.28

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Heat treaters, annealers
Forge and hammer operators
Job and die setters, metal
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.02
.00
. 00
.00
. 01
. 00
. 00
. 00

.03
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00

•00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.38
.04
.02
.02
.19
.03
.03
.06

.35
.03
.02
.03
. 19
.02
.02
.04

.24
.01
.01
.03
.15
.01
.01
.03

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Badio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

1.30
.16
.01
.00
.12
.53
.02
.36
.08

1.49
.23
.01
.00
. 17
.69
.02
.27
. 10

1.81
.24
.01
.00
.28
1.01
.03
.12
.12

.18
.00
.00
.07
.03
.02
.00
.03
.03

. 16
.00
.00
.05
.04
.02
.00
.03
.03

. 12
.00
.00
.03
.05
.01
.00
.03
.01

20.59
.02
.00
.23
.73
.13
.00
.00
19.49

23.52
.02
.00
.23
.97
.16
.00
.00
22.14

26.23
.01
.00
.31
1.38
.24
.00
.00
24.30

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press^plate printers,aprentices

.09
.06
-03

. 09
.05
. 04

.06
.02
.04

.04
.02
.02

.06
.03
.03

.09
.04
.05

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00




252

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Limited
price
stores

Department
stores,
mail order

Vending
machine
operators

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.44
.06
.05
.0 b
.77
.05
.06
.06
.02
.05
.06
.17
.03
.00

1.94
. 06
.05
. 08
1.23
. 05
.06
. 06
.01
. 06
. 04
.22
.03
. 00

1.81
.04
.02
.13
.96
.06
.03
.06
.02
.09
.01
.36
.05
.00

.37
.08
.00
.00
-23
.00
.00
.01
.01
.03
.01
.00
.00
.00

.44
.06
.00
.00
.32
.00
.00
.02
.01
.02
.01
.00
.00
.00

.23
.01
.00
.00
.13
.00
.00
.06
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.26
.15
.04
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.02

.23
.13
.03
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.02

.11
.07
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

3.35

3.51

3.37

.76

.84

i.05

29.88

25.55

20.05

2.60

2.79

2.71

.35

.34

.25

2.39

2.18

1.90

Semiskilled metalworking
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.45
.07
.11
.03
.10
.01
.13

.40
.07
.09
.03
.08
.01
.13

.40
.08
.08
.02
.09
.00
. 12

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Meat wrappers, retail trade •
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.91
.01
.90

. 88
.01
.87

.77
.01
.76

. 14
.01
.13

. 13
.00
. 13

.10
.00
. 10

1.10
.00
1.10

.87
.00
.87

.36
.00
.36

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

1.68
.02
.03
.05
.88
.01
.25
.06
.01
.00
.08
.01
.09
.19

1. 90
.02
.03
. 06
1. 06
.01
. 19
.05
.01
. 00
.09
.01
. 11
.25

1.93
.02
.05
.09
.83
.01
.24
.03
.01
.00
.18
.01
.15
.31

.21
.03
.00
.00
-00
.00
.02
.04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05
.07

.21
. 04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05
.07

. 14
.06
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.03
.03

.84
.16
.00
.00
.00
.00
.07
.06
.00
.02
.00
.04
.30
.22

.91
.17
.00
.00
.00
.00
.06
.03
.00
.01
.00
.02
.34
.27

1. 13
.18
.00
.00
.00
. 17
.09
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.39
.30

.75
.00
.33
.09
.03
.01
.29

.73
.00
. 30
. 13
. 04
. 01
.24

.66
.00
.30
.18
.05
.01
.11

.41
.00
.11
.14
.00
.00
-15

.50
.00
. 12
.18
. 00
.00
.21

.81
.00
. 16
. 17
.00
.00
.47

27.50
.05
26.36
.06
.00
.00
1.04

23.37
.06
22.45
.09
.00
.00
.77

18. 16
.01
17.73
. 17
.00
.00
.25

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

5.76

5.24

4.26

9.13

7.54

7.41

9.72

8.24

9.81

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

1.48
.51
.96

1.45
. 53
. 91

1.04
.41
.63

.98
.31
.67

.86
.29
.58

.40
.14
.27

.67
.20
.47

.67
.22
.45

.60
. 19
.40

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

2-16
.11
.33
.15
.30
1.01
.26

1.52
. 14
.23
.11
.30
. 49
.24

1.36
.32
.09
.20
.26
.12
.37

7.82
.16
.98
.39
1.75
4.30
.24

6.31
. 13
.84
.21
2.04
2.91
. 18

6.56
.06
.78
.09
2.80
2.71
.12

8.98
.04
1.40
.19
.67
.60
6.08

7.52
.05
.91
.15
.67
.29
5.47

9.21
.05
.29
.25
.62
.07
7.93

Service workers




253

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Department
stores.
mail order

Limited
price
stores

Vending
machine
operators

197 0

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Barbers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives
Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter heipr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1.35
.16
.02
.03
.16
.93
.07

1.49
. 15
. 00
. 02
. 10
1. 16
. 06

1.23
. 18
.00
.04
.01
.94
.05

. 15
.00
.00
.00
.03
.07
.05

. 15
.00
.00
.00
.03
. 10
.03

.13
.00
.00
.00
.02
.11
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.78
.65
. 13

.78
.67
. 11

.63
-57
.06

. 19
.17
.02

.22
.20
.02

.31
.29
.03

.07
.05
.02

.05
.04
.01

.01
.01
.00

3.74
.01
.03
.45
.01
.01
2.87
.00
.01
.31
.04

4.22
. 01
.04
.48
.02
.02
3.34
. 00
.01
.28
. 04

4.04
-01
.04
.54
.03
.03
3.17
.00
.01
.16
.05

4.73
.01
.01
.27
.01
.01
4.16
.00
.00
.23
.03

4.32
.00
.01
. 26
.01
. 01
3.76
.00
.00
.23
.03

1.64
.00
.01
.20
.01
.00
1.18
.00
.00
.21
.04

1.52
.03
.02
.27
.02
.00
.50
.01
.26
.31
.11

1.59
.02
.01
.30
.02
.00
.61
.01
.29
.24
.10

1.62
.01
.00
.40
.02
.00
.68
.01
.29
.09
.11

254

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation# 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Direct
selling
197 0

Total all occupations

1978

Misc
merchandise
stores
1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Food
and dairy
stores

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.56

.61

.54

2.40

2. 43

2.37

.55

.66

.71

Engineers,technical
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.02
.00
.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.01
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.08
.01
.04
.02
.01

.08
.01
.04
.01
.01

.15
.01
.09
.03
.03

.03
.00
.01
.01
.01

.03
.00
.01
.01
..01

.06
.00
.02
.01
.02

Life and physical scientists
Chemists

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Mathematical specialists
S tatisticians

.01
.01

. 01
.01

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Other engineering,science tech

.02
.01
-01

. 02
.01
.01

.04
.01
.03

.05
.03
.02

.05
.02
.03

.08
.02
.07

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists
Registered nurses

.01
.00
.01

. 00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.04
.03
.01

.03
.03
.01

-02
.01
.01

.04
.02
.01

.03
.02
.01

.08
.07
.01

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech

.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Other technicians except health

.00
.00

.00
. 00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.03
.03

.05
.05

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts
Other computer specialists

.06
.05
.01
.00

.06
.05
.01
.00

.05
.04
.01
.00

-12
.06
.05
.02

.16
.07
.06
.03

.15
.08
.05
.02

.03
.02
.01
.00

.05
.03
.02
.00

. 12
.07
.05
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.02
.02

. 04
• 04

.02
.02

.01
.01

.02
.02

.03
.03

.01
.01

.02
.02

.04
.04

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.03
.03
.00

.03
.03
. 00

.01
.01
.00

.71
.02
.68

.53
.04
.49

.30
.05
.25

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.10
.02
.05
.00
.03
.01

.11
.03
. 05
.00
.03
.01

.14
.02
.08
.00
.02
.02

.21
.09
.02
.04
.04
.01

.27
. 12
.02
.06
.04
.02

.26
.09
.03
.06
.06
.02

.05
.01
.01
.02
.01
.00

.07
.01
.01
.03
.01
.00

.06
.02
.01
.03
.01
.00

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Architects
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Other research workers

.29
.10
.00
.01
.00
.17
.01

.33
. 10
. 00
.02
. 00
.20
.01

.28
.13
.00
.03
.00
.10
.02

1.15
.58
.03
.01
.04
-45
.02

1.22
.63
.02
.02
.05
.47
.02

1-25
.71
.04
.01
.07
.41
.03

.37
.22
.00
.01
.01
.14
.00

.43
.25
.00
.02
.01
.15
.00

.34
. 18
.00
.02
.02
. 12
.00

Professional and technical

4.20

5.97

4.74

19.36

23.46

27.02

18.90

18.97

21.41

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

1.96
.01
-04
.05
1.86

1. 86
.00
.02
.05
1.79

1.73
.00
.02
.05
1.66

4.79
.06
.20
1.52
3.01

5. 18
.07
. 13
1.59
3.38

6.76
.08
.12
1.98
4.58

3.32
.03
.02
.53
2.74

3.47
.03
.01
.52
2.90

4.42
.03
.01
.71
3.67

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Bestaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

2.24
.19
.02
2.03

4. 11
. 19
.02
3.90

3.01
.23
.02
2.76

14.57
.24
.18
14.14

18.28
.29
.15
17.84

20*26
.40
.17
19.69

15.58
.09
.19
15.30

15.50
.10
.13
15.27

16.99
. 14
. 13
16.73

Managers,officials,proprietors




255

Table 1. Percent distribution ot industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Direct
selling

Mi sc
merchandise
stores

Food
and dairy
stores

197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

88-10
.05
-01
15.78
63.20
4.42
4.65

86. 23
.08
. 01
16. 13
57. 16
7.53
5. 32

86.47
.06
.01
16.91
60.59
4.45
4.44

40.87
.03
.00
.01
.00
.00
40.83

35.55
. 04
.00
.02
. 00
.00
35.49

28.82
.03
.00
.06
.00
.00
28.72

13.22
.01
.00
.04
.00
.00
13.16

10.27
.02
.00
.04
.00
.00
10.22

8.51
.01
.00
.06
.00
. 00
8.43

3.69

3. 58

4.05

22. 12

23.01

25.11

26.26

28.32

31.20

1.18
.80
.02
.37

1. 09
.77
.01
. 30

1.39
1.07
.01
.31

2.09
1.30
.06
.74

2.09
1.43
.03
.64

2.67
1.90
.02
.75

.64
.50
.01
.13

.67
.55
.01
.12

.74
.63
.01
. 10

.24
.02
.04
.06
.00
.10
.03

.22
. 01
. 02
. 10
. 00
.07
. 02

.18

.60
.07
.04
.14
.01
.29
.04

.64
.05
.04
.29
.01
.21
.04

.59
.06
.06
.27
.03
.13
.03

.35
.02
.13
.06
.00
.11
.02

.38
.01
.11
.13
.00
.10
.02

.38
.02
. 14
.10
.00
. 10
.02

2.27
.04
.64
.17
.05
.09
.07
.01
.15
.02
.08
.07
.01
.03
.06
.15
.10
.09
.04
.0 1
.41

2. 28
.03
.70
. 18
. 06
.08
. 08
.01
. 19
. 02
.05
. 06
. 02
. 03
. 05
. 14
. 10
. 08
. 03
.01
. 39

2.49
.05
.62
.24
.07
.08
.01
.14
.03
.06
.06
.01
.02
.06
.21
.09
.12
.02
.01
.51

19.42
-21
3.34
8.07
.24
.09
.61
.02
.40
.04
.29
. 13
.06
.17
.17
.98
.25
2.29
.17
.00
1.91

20.28
.27
3.25
8.65
.25
. 10
.74
.02
.54
.06
.22
. 14
.05
. 18
.18
.95
.29
2.29
. 12
.00
1.99

21.86
.46
2.55
8.74
.30
. 12
1.14
.03
.58
.09
. 17
.19
.05
.17
.21
1.04
.45
3.48
.07
.00
2.04

25.27
.04
1.80
19.68
.05
.01
.31
.03
.08
.02
.05
.07
.03
.09
.04
.32
.04
1.91
.04
.14
.50

27.27
.05
1.74
21.51
.06
.01
.36
.03
.11
.03
.05
.08
.02
.09
.04
.29
.05
1.94
.02
.17
.59

30.08
.08
1.70
24.25
.07
.03
.50
.03
.10
.05
.05
. 10
.02
.07
.04
.21
.07
1.74
.01
.24
.75

.77

. 82

1.03

3.21

3.61

4.01

3.34

3.27

2-48

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Electricians and apprentices
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
PIumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Tile setters

.10
.04
.01
.01
.03
.02
.01

. 10
. 04
. 01
.00
. 02
. 02
.01

.15
.05
.03
.00
.02
.02
.03

.40
.24
.09
.01
.04
.02
.01

.37
.21
.09
.01
.04
.02
.01

.33
. 10
.11
.02
.06
.01
.04

.15
.09
.02
.00
.03
.01
.00

. 14
.07
.02
.00
.03
.00
.00

. 11
.02
.02
.00
.06
. 00
. 00

Blue collar worker supervisors

.29

.33

.35

1.02

1.07

1.05

.67

.70

.47

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc meca
Machinists and apprentices
Pattern and mcldmakers

.02
.02
.00

. 02
. 02
.00

.04
.04
.00

.03
.01
.01

.03
.02
.01

.06
.05
.01

.02
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
fiadio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.30
.01
.00
.01
.09
.04
.05
.00
.00
.09

.30
.02
. 00
. 01
.07
. 06
. 05
. 00
.00
. 10

.39
.02
.00
.01
.08
.10
.07
.00
.00
. 11

.94
.06
.01
.00
.40
.09
.18
.01
.12
.06

1.07
.09
.01
.00
.41
.14
.24
.01
.09
.08

1.52
.09
.03
.00
.64
.25
.34
.03
.03
. 11

.34
.06
.00
.01
.15
.09
.00
.00
.00
.02

.42
.09
.00
.01
.16
.13
.00
.00
.00
.02

.52
. 08
.00
.01
.20
.20
.00
.00
.00
.01

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.04
.02
.00
.01

.03
. 02
. 00
. 01

.03
.03
.00
.00

.08
.04
.03
.01

.07
.04
.03
.01

.06
.02
.02
.02

.02
.01
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Auctioneers
Demonstrators
Hucksters and peddlers
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales wcrkers
Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Du plicating
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntroirs
File clerks
flail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Seceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Wise clerical workers.
Crafts and kindred wcrkers




.01

.04
.06
.00
.06
.01

.11

256

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Food
and dairy
stores

Misc
merchandise
stores

Direct
selling
197 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
C a bin et r ake rs
n
Carpet installers
Decorators, window dressers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.01

. 03
. 00
.00
. 00
.02
.00
.00
.00
. 00
. 00
. 00
.00
.00
. 02

.06
.00
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01

.75
.06
.01
.02
.36
.02
.10
.04
.01
.02
.02
.08
.02
.00

1.00
.06
.01
.03
.60
.02
.09
.03
.00
.02
.01
. 10
.02
.00

1.00
.04
.01
.02
.51
.03
.08
.03
.02
.04
.01
. 18
.04
.00

2.14
1.99
.00
.00
.06
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.02

1.98
1.81
.00
.00
.09
.02
.00
.00
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.02

1.37
1.25
.00
.00
.04
.01
.00
.00
.00
.03
.01
.00
. 00
.03

1.88

2. 04

2.23

3.79

3.82

3.80

15.06

13.78

11.67

Operatives,except transport

.51

. 51

.87

2.59

2.76

2.93

12.96

11.66

9.39

Semiskilled metalworking
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Welders and £ lamecutters

.01
.00
.01

. 01
. 00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.05
.02
.02

.05
.02
.03

.09
.02
.07

.00
.00
.00

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Meat wrappers, retail trade
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.25
.00
.25
.00

.21
. 00
.21
. 00

.31
.00
.31
.00

.31
.01
.29
.01

.29
.00
.27
.01

.20
.00
. 19
.01

3.35
2.36
.96
.04

3.32
2.46
.82
.05

3.00
2.43
.53
.04

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greaseis,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

.25
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.01
.07
.1 1

.28
.00
. 00
.00
. 00
.02
. 00
. 00
.02
. 00
. 00
.02
.01
. 00
.01
.09
. 12

.55
.22
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.01
.10
.16

2.24
.02
.00
.06
.08
.76
.45
.04
.29
.01
.02
.02
.00
.12
.01
.13
.24

2.42
.02
.00
.05
.11
.94
.30
.04
.27
.01
.03
.01
. 00
. 14
.01
.17
.32

2.64
.05
.00
. 10
.14
.74
.39
.07
. 18
.01
.04
.01
.00
.25
.01
.25
.39

9.60
.00
.01
.00
.02
.01
.06
8.42
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.26
.67

8-33
.00
.02
.00
.03
.01
.08
.06
6.93
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.31
.86

6.37
.00
.02
.00
.04
.01
.09
.08
5.13
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.32
.67

1.37
.00
1. 10
.03
.00
.01
.23

1 54
.
. 00
1. 23
. 03
. 00
.01
.27

1.36
.00
1.04
.03
.00
.01
.28

1.20
.02
.45
.07
.00
.02
.63

1.06
.02
.43
.08
.00
.02
.51

.87
.00
.44
. 11
.00
.01
.31

2.10
.00
1.07
.22
.01
.01
.79

2-12
.00
.97
.30
.01
.01
.83

2.28
.00
.76
.4 1
.01
.01
1. 10

.34

.33

.32

4.09

3.27

3.45

2.53

2-09

1.79

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.09
.02
.07

.07
.02
.06

.08
.02
.06

1. 19
.34
.86

1.21
.36
.85

1.15
.32
.83

.76
.28
.48

.80
.31
.49

.80
.31
.49

Food service workers
Bartenders
baiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.24
.00
.00
.09
.02
.03
.03
.06

.26
.00
.00
.11
.03
. 04
.02
.07

.23
.00
.00
.03
.02
.10
.02
.06

1.76
.03
.09
.48
.08
.38
-42
.28

1.24
.02
. 12
.30
.06
.35
.19
.21

1.52
.01
.39
. 19
.12
.33
.04
.45

1.61
.01
.03
.42
.09
.29
.57
.20

1. 15
.01
.04
.27
.07
.30
.29
.18

.84
.01
. 10
. 11
.09
.21
.07
.25

o
o

o
o

.00

.00

.00

.00

.01

.01

.00

Operatives

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

Health service workers




257

.11

Table 1. Percent distribution or industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Direct
selling

Mi sc
merchandise
stores

Food
and dairy
stores

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
attendants,personal serv,other
Barbers
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.78
.05
.38
.04
.03
.25
.05

.47
.04
.04
.02
. 02
.31
.03

.50
.06
.05
.05
.01
.31
.03

.05
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.03

.04
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.02

.03
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.01

Protective service workers
Firefighters
Guards
Police and detectives

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
. 00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.36
.01
.29
.05

.36
.01
.30
.05

.28
.01
.24
.03

.11
.00
.10
.01

.10
.00
.09
.01

.12
.00
. 12
.00

.45
.00
.05
.00
.13
.01
.00
.14
.00
.02
.08
.02

. 42
.00
. 05
. 00
. 13
.01
.00
. 13
.00
. 02
.07
. 02

.62
.00
.09
.00
.18
.03
.00
.16
.00
.03

4. 17
.03
.03
.00
.42
.03
.01
3.05
.00
.01
.51
.07

4.87
.02
. 04
.00
.51
.04
. 01
3.74
.00
.02
.42
.07

5.42
.03
.05
.00
.73
.06
.01
4.09
.00
.01
.37
.07

20.14
.01
.01
.01
.53
.01
.00
19.15
.01
.06
.27
.08

22.63
.01
.01
.01
.61
.02
.00
21.58
.01
.08
.22
.08

22.25
.02
.02
.01
.78
.02
.00
21.12
.01
.07
. 10
. 08

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Timbercutting, logging workers
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.11

.03

258

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970
Grocery
stores
1970

Total all occupations

1978

1978 and projected 1990
Dairy
product
stores

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Retail
bakeries
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.59

.70

.74

.69

.91

.96

-16

.20

.31

Engineers,technical
Industrial
Mechanical
Other engineers

.03
.01
.01
.01

. 04
.02
.01
.01

.07
.03
.02
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Drafters
Other engineering,science tech

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

.12
.08
.01
.03

. 17
.12
. 01
.04

.27
.20
.01
.06

.01
.00
.01
.01

.01
.00
.01
.01

.02
.00
.01
.01

Medical workers,exc technicians
Pharmacists

.04
.03

.03
.02

.09
.08

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Other computet specialists

.04
.03
.01
.00

.05
. 04
.02
.00

.13
.07
.05
.00

.05
.03
.00
.01

.07
.04
.00
.02

.06
.04
.00
.02

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.08
.04
.04
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.01
.01

.02
.02

.04
.04

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03
.03

Briters,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists

.05
.01
.01
.02
.01

.07
.01
. 01
. 04
. 01

.07
-02
.02
.03
.01

.04
.00
.00
.00
.04

.04
.00
.00
. 00
.04

.01
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

.03
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.01
. 00
.00
.01

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs

.40
.23
.01
.01
.15

.46
.26
.02
.02
. 16

.35
.19
.02
.03
.12

.48
.30
.01
.00
.17

.63
.41
.01
.00
.20

.61
.42
.01
.00
.18

.11
.06
.00
.00
.05

.15
.08
.00
.00
.06

.16
.11
.00
.00
.05

Professional and technical

19.99

19.69

21.99

17.87

21. 15

26.70

7.36

8.98

10.49

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

3.62
.03
.02
.53
3.03

3.75
.04
.01
. 52
3. 19

4.68
.03
.01
.69
3.95

1.82
.02
.07
.14
1-59

2.07
.02
.04
. 19
1. 82

2.60
.01
.04
.33
2.22

.78
.02
.02
.08
.67

.89
.01
.01
.09
.77

1.07
.01
.01
. 14
.91

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restautant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

16.36
.08
.20
16.08

15.93
. 10
. 14
15. 69

17.31
.13
.13
17.04

16.05
.24
.16
15.66

19.08
. 29
.11
18.68

24.10
.36
.07
23.67

6.57
.10
•06
6.42

8.10
.11
.06
7.93

9.42
. 16
.09
9. 17

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

9.80
.01
.04
9.75

6.93
.02
.03
6. 88

5.35
.01
.04
5.29

38.32
.01
.12
3 8.19

34. 69
.01
. 14
34.54

34.86
.01
.28
34.56

33.08
.01
.02
33.05

31-16
.01
.05
31.10

34.67
.01
.22
34.44

29.52

31.68

34.17

10.09

11.69

12.25

4.97

5.78

6. 16

Stenogra phrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

.65
.00
.51
.01
.13

.67
.00
.54
.01
. 12

.72
.00
.62
.01
.10

1.01
.01
.88
.01
.11

1. 14
.01
1. 02
.01
.09

1. 19
.01
1. 11
.01
.07

.43
.00
.36
.00
.07

.48
.00
.41
.00
.06

.59
.00
.52
.00
.07

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Keypunch
Other office machine operators

.37
.02
.14
.06
.12
.02

.40
.01
. 12
. 14
. 11
.03

.39
.02
.15
.10
.10
.02

.56
.05
.18
.07
.22
.05

.66
.03
. 18
.17
.25
.03

.88
.03
.28
.13
.43
.00

.22
.01
.10
.04
.05
.01

.27
.01
.09
.12
.04
.01

.30
.02
. 14
. 12
.03
.01

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Clerical workers




259

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970# 1978 and projected 1990
Grocery
stores

Retail
bakeries

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

28,49
.04
1.84
22.53
.06
.01
.32
.03
.00
.08
.03
.05
.07
.03
.09
.04
.33
.04
2.18
.04
.15
.54

30.61
.05
1.75
24.5 3
.07
.01
. 37
.03
. 00
. 11
.03
.05
.08
.02
. 10
. 04
. 28
. 05
2.21
.02
. 18
. 63

33.06
.08
1.68
27.01
.07
.02
.51
.03
.00
.10
.06
.05
.11
.01
.06
.04
.19
.06
1.92
.01
.26
.79

8.52
.14
2.81
3.32
.01
.03
.41
.03
.00
.23
.04
.05
.02
.06
.10
.11
.35
.09
.36
.07
.02
.27

9.90
.22
3.01
4. 13
.02
.02
.53
.03
.00
.31
.05
.04
.02
.04
.11
. 11
.38
.06
.41
.03
.03
.33

10.18
.21
3.13
4. 12
.02
.01
.71
.04
.00
.34
.08
.02
.03
.09
. 10
.11
.36
.01
.38
.01
.04
.38

4.32
.03
1.11
1.80
.01
.00
.25
.01
.01
.04
.02
.02
.04
.01
.05
.02
.36
.07
.18
.04
.05
.20

5.03
.05
1.16
2.21
.01
.00
.32
.01
.01
.06
.02
.01
.04
.01
.07
.02
.38
.09
.21
.02
.07
.26

5.26
. 10
1.27
2. 19
.01
.00
.29
.03
.02
.08
.04
.01
.08
.01
.06
.04
.33
. 10
. 18
.01
.07
.36

1.53

1.52

1.13

4.26

■r
C
C
D

Dairy
product
stores

4.42

30.55

29.41

25. 18

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Painters and apprentices

.15
.09
.00
.02
.03

. 14
.07
.00
. 02
.03

.10
.02
.00
.02
.06

.24
.07
.00
.11
.06

.22
.05
.00
.11
. 06

. 16
.01
.00
.11
.05

.13
.02
.05
.03
.02

.14
.02
.06
.03
.02

. 13
;01
.07
.02
.02

Blue collar worker supervisors

.63

.63

.39

1.72

2.02

1.64

1.11

1.37

1.18

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mecu
Blacksmiths
Machinists and apprentices
Millwrights

.01
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.11
.02
.07
.01

.12
.01
.09
.01

. 15
.00
. 14
.01

Mechanics,repa irers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Badio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

-25
.07
.00
.00
.10
.00
.07
.00
.00
.01

.30
.09
. 00
.00
. 10
.00
.09
. 00
. 00
. 01

.38
.08
.00
.00
.13
.00
.16
.00
.00
.01

1.94
.25
.00
.08
1.16
.01
.35
.02
.00
.08

2.30
.35
.00
. 07
1.31
.01
.46
.03
.00
.06

2.41
.31
.00
.06
1.49
.01
.49
.04
.00
.02

.97
.01
.09
.04
.46
.00
.31
.01
.01
.03

1.24
.01
.08
.03
.56
.00
.48
.02
.01
.03

1.78
.01
.07
.03
.80
.00
.80
.03
.01
.03

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.03
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.01
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Decorators, window dressers
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Other crafts workers

.46
.33
.00
.00
.06
.02
.02
.02
.01

.43
.28
.00
.00
.08
.02
. 02
.02
.01

.24
.14
.00
.00
.04
.01
.03
.01
.02

.36
.19
.00
.00
.07
.00
.02
.09
.00

.32
.16
.00
.00
.09
.00
.02
.05
.00

.20
.08
.00
.00
.11
.00
.01
.01
.00

28.23
27.96
.02
.03
.06
.00
.00
.02
.15

26.55
26.26
.01
.03
.06
.00
.00
.02
.17

21.95
21.61
.01
.02
.01
.00
.00
.01
.29

13.64

12. 13

10.44

12.35

11.78

9. 18

14.22

15.85

15.62

12.07

10. 50

8.47

2.75

3.37

4.07

9.60

11.21

10.47

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

3.43
2.61
.81
.01

3.37
2.71
.65
.01

3.02
2.63
.39
.01

.44
.00
.43
.01

.46
. 00
.45
.01

.37
.00
.36
.01

1.92
.01
1.91
.00

1.90
.01
1.89
.00

1.40
.01
1.39
.00

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispa tchers,starters,vehicle
Enumerators and interviewers
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers

Opera ti ves
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Welders and flamecutters
Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Meat wrappers, retail trade
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm




260

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Grocery
stores

Dairy
product
stores

Retail
bakeries

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Other operatives, exc transport
Bottling,canning operatives
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

8-64
.00
.02
.01
.11
.06
8.12
.00
.00
.00
.00
.06
.24

7. 13
. 00
.02
.01
. 08
. 06
6.57
. 00
. 00
. 00
. 00
.07
. 30

5.43
.00
.03
.01
.09
.08
4.92
.00
.00
.00
.00
.09
.23

2.30
.41
.00
.00
.04
.00
.03
.06
.00
.00
.02
1.47
.26

2. 89
.57
. 00
.00
.04
.00
.02
.07
.00
. 00
.01
1.82
.36

3.70
.84
.00
.00
.05
.00
.00
.09
.00
.00
.01
2.28
.43

7.68
.00
.13
.00
.01
.00
.08
.13
.02
.02
.00
1.87
5.42

9.30
.00
.17
.00
.01
.00
.07
.18
.01
.02
.00
2.12
6.73

9.07
.00
.20
.00
.01
.00
.06
.18
.01
.01
.00
2. 15
6.45

Transport eguipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

1.57
.00
.62
.25
.01
.01
.68

1.63
.00
.52
.33
.01
. 01
. 74

1.98
.00
.40
.44
.01
.01
1.11

9.61
.01
7.56
. 10
.00
.02
1.93

8.41
.02
6.47
. 13
.00
.02
1.78

5. 11
.01
3.98
. 15
.00
.01
.95

4.62
.00
3.65
.00
.00
.00
.97

4.65
.00
3.67
.00
.00
.00
.98

5. 15
.00
3.93
.00
.00
.00
1.22

1.87

1.51

1.39

12. 17

9.96

7. 15

8.24

6-97

6.20

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.64
.24
.41

. 67
.26
.41

.69
.26
.43

.94
.32
.62

1.02
.34
.68

.93
.33
.60

2.15
.84
1.31

2.38
.98
1.40

2. 31
.90
1.40

Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

1.05
.01
.03
.36
.05
.14
.29
.18

.70
.01
.04
.22
.04
. 13
. 12
. 15

.55
.00
.09
.07
.05
.09
.02
.22

11.16
.00
. 14
.89
.23
4.63
5.03
.25

8.89
.00
.21
.67
.21
4.88
2.66
.26

6.20
.00
.50
.40
.41
3.82
.67
.41

5.99
.02
.05
1.03
.66
.71
3.03
.49

4.51
.01
.09
.80
.51
.80
1.81
.48

3.83
.01
.25
.52
.70
.79
.81
.77

Health service workers

.01

.01

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.04
.00
.01
.01
.02

.03
.00
. 01
.01
.02

.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.04
.01
.00
.00
.03

.03
.01
.00
.00
.02

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01

.07
.00
.00
.00
.06

.05
.00
.00
.00
.05

.04
.00
.00
.00
.04

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives

.12
.11
.01

. 11
. 10
.01

.13
.13
.00

.03
.03
.00

.02
.02
.00

.01
.01
.00

.04
.03
.01

.04
.03
.01

.02
.01
.01

23.07
.01
.01
.01
.50
.00
.01
22.16
.01
.03
.30
.03

25.85
. 01
.01
.01
.56
.00
.01
24. 91
.01
. 04
.25
. 03

24.80
.02
.02
.01
.77
.00
.02
23.74
.01
.05

4.25
.00
.01
.00
1.31
.00
.03
.95
.00
.31
.09
1.55

4.96
.00
. 02
.00
1.63
.00
.04
1.26
.00
.38
.08
1.57

4.47
.00
.01
.00
1.64
.00
.02
1.11
.00
.27
.03
1.40

1.43
.01
.00
.00
.48
.01
.00
.53
.00
.33
.04
.03

1.65
.01
.00
.00
.51
.01
.00
.65
.00
.42
.04
.02

1.38
.01
.00
.00
.43
.01
.00
.54
.00
.36
.02
.02

Service workers

Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Garbage collectors
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Teamsters
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.11

.05

261

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Pood
stores.
other
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Auto
dealers,gas
stations
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

Motor
vehicle
dealers

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.37

. 49

.52

.61

. 84

.74

.79

.91

.70

Engineers,technical
Other engineers

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.03
.01

.03
.01

.04
.02

.03
.01

.02
.01

.02
.01

Life and physical scientists
Agricultural
Biological

.02
-02
.01

.03
.02
.02

.03
-01
.02

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Other engineering,science tech

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.01
.01
.01

.03
.01
.01
.02

.04
.01
.02
.02

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dietitians

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Other technicians except nealth

.01
.00
.01

.01
. 00
.01

.01
.00
.01

.02
.01
.01

- 04
.02
.02

.04
.03
.01

.03
.00
.02

.04
.00
.04

.03
.00
.03

Computer specialists
Computer progiamers
Computer systems analysts

.01
.00
.01

. 02
. 00
. 02

.06
.03
.03

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Social scientists
Economists

.03
.03

. 03
.03

.04
.04

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.02
.02

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.02
.02
.00

. 02
.02
. 00

.02
.02
.00

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists

.04
.01
.02

. 05
.02
.03

.03
.01
.02

.04
.01
.03

.07
.01
.04

.06
.01
.05

.05
.00
.04

.07
.00
.06

.05
.00
.05

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Foresters and conservationists
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs

.23
. 13
.01
.01
.00
.00
.08

.31
. 18
. 01
.01
. 00
.00
. 12

.33
.19
.01
.01
.00
.00
.11

.46
.38
.00
.00
.01
.01
.06

.62
.50
.00
.00
-02
.01
.09

.51
.42
.00
.00
.01
.01
.07

.63
.57
.00
.00
.00
.00
.06

.73
.66
.00
.00
.00
.00
.07

.56
.51
.00
.00
.00
.00
.05

15.55

17.99

Managers,officials,proprietors

20.87

20.27

21.88

22.83

16.81

18.41

14.84

2.14
.01
.01
1.01
1.11

2. 44.
.01
.01
1. 07
1.35

3.65
.01
.01
1.65
1.9 8

2.27
.09
.21
.22
1.75

2.70
.11
. 16
.26
2. 17

2.94
. 12
. 17
.23
2.42

3.49
.17
.15
.33
2.85

3.76
.19
.09
.32
3.16

3.89
.20
.06
.25
3.38

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

13-41
.11
.09
13.20

15.55
. 14
. 08
15.32

17.22
.16
.07
16.99

18.01
.49
.01
17.50

19. 18
.64
.02
18.52

19.90
.67
.02
19.20

13.31
.85
.01
12.44

14.65
1.00
.01
13.64

10.95
.99
.01
9.95

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Auctioneers
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

33.09
.01
.00
.06
33.02

28.89
. 02
.00
.08
28.80

29.79
.01
.00
.18
29.60

13.34
.01
.00
.00
13.32

13.97
.01
.00
.00
13.96

14.81
.01
.01
.00
14.80

21.15
.01
.01
.00
21.13

20.02
.02
.01
.00
19.99

19.48
.01
.01
.00
19.46

7.25

8.67

10.06

8.56

9.83

9.52

11.16

11.30

9.60

.68
.52
.02
.14

.81
. 66
.01
. 14

1.05
.91
.01
.13

1.79
1.42
.03
.34

2. 11
1.75
.02
.33

2.08
1.81
.01
-25

2.61
2.00
.03
.57

2.60
2.08
.02
.50

2.18
1.81
.01
.37

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

Clerical workers
Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists




262

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Auto
dealers,gas
stations

Food
stores.
other

Motor
vehicle
dealers

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.12
.03
.01
.01
.04
.02

. 13
.02
.01
. 03
- 04
.02

.16
.06
.02
.03
.03
.02

.15
.05
-02
.02
.05
.01

.16
.04
.02
.04
.05
.01

. 18
.05
.04
.03
.05
.01

.18
.08
.00
.02
.06
.01

. 16
.05
.00
.05
.06
.01

.15
.06
.00
.03
.05
.01

6.45
.06
1.69
2.96
.03
.03
.20
.02
.07
.01
.09
.06
.02
.06
.09
.21
.04
.38
.03
.11
.33

7. 73
. 07
1.88
3.72
.05
.05
.25
.03
.09
.01
. 08
.07
. 02
.08
- 09
.24
.05
.42
.02
. 14
. 38

8.85
.09
2.22
3.96
.10
.09
.34
.04
.07
.01
.07
.07
.02
.09
.07
.29
.10
.57
.01
.14
.50

6.63
.11
3.97
.49
.04
.05
.10
.08
.28
.04
.12
.03
.05
.05
.14
.12
.08
.34
.16
.00
.36

7.57
. 15
4.27
-64
-06
.07
. 14
. 10
.40
.06
.13
.04
.05
.07
.16
. 13
.11
.41
. 10
.00
.48

7.27
. 16
3.94
.83
.07
.08
. 18
. 12
.30
.08
. 14
.04
.04
.05
.12
. 14
.13
.41
.06
.00
.38

8.38
.17
4.66
.61
.04
.05
.13
.13
.48
.07
.20
.02
.10
.08
.25
.10
.09
.43
.33
.00
.47

8.54
.21
4.57
.68
.05
.05
. 16
.16
.62
.08
.18
.02
.08
.08
.25
.08
.11
.44
.18
.00
.54

7.27
.21
3.91
.71
.04
.05
. 17
. 19
.46
. 10
. 18
.02
.06
.05
. 18
.04
.11
.37
. 12
.00
.33

1.62

1.99

2.37

25.97

27.28

31.09

39.50

38.56

45.33

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices

.12
.05
.01
.01
.03
.01

. 13
. 04
.02
. 01
.04
.01

.16
.01
.03
.01
.10
.01

.31
.15
.00
.02
.10
.02

.37
. 17
.00
.02
. 13
.03

.30
.11
.01
.03
.13
.02

.25
.05
.00
.01
.18
.00

.27
.04
.00
.00
.21
.00

.22
.01
.00
.00
.20
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

.55

.69

.72

.63

.79

.69

.89

.93

.67

Hetalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Machinists and apprentices

.05
.03

.05
.04

.05
.04

.13
.12

.16
. 15

.16
. 15

.08
.06

.07
.06

.05
.05

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig meca
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.53
.02
.00
.01
.09
.28
.00
.08
.01
.00
.05

- 69
.05
.00
.00
. 08
.33
.00
. 14
.02
.00
.07

1.04
.09
.00
.00
.09
.45
.00
.28
.04
.00
.09

24.59
.04
.04
.09
3.97
19.71
.01
.22
.03
.03
.46

25.50
.07
.05
.11
3.43
20.68
.01
.34
.04
.03
.75

29.29
.05
.07
. 11
4.02
23.44
.01
.53
.05
.02
1.00

38.17
.01
.01
.07
8.95
28.93
.01
.12
.01
.02
.04

37.20
.01
.01
.07
7.35
29.52
.01
.17
.00
.02
-05

44.33
.01
.01
.05
9.21
34.69
.02
.27
.00
.01
.06

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Hail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers




263

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Food
stores.
other

Auto
dealers,gas
stations

Motor
vehicle
dealers

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.37
.18
.01
.07
.00
.04
.01
.01
.03
.00
.02

.44
. 19
. 01
. 13
. 00
. 05
.01
.01
. 02
.00
.02

.41
.15
.01
.16
.00
.04
.02
.01
.01
.00
.01

.31
.01
.00
.02
.02
.01
.00
.00
.02
.02
.19

.46
.01
.00
.04
.04
.01
.00
.00
.02
.02
.31

.65
.01
.00
.05
.04
.01
.00
.00
.01
.03
.48

.10
.03
.00
.00
.03
.01
.00
.00
.00
.03
.00

.10
.02
.00
.01
.03
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

.08
.01
.00
.00
.03
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00

36.00

35. 19

29.88

28.24

22.61

17.78

5.23

4.96

5.00

31.39

30. 56

25.91

26.57

20.69

15.76

3.85

3.62

3.80

.00
.00

. 00
.00

.00
.00

.08
.06

.11
.08

. 13
. 11

.06
.04

.05
.04

.04
.03

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Meat wrappers, retail trade
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

4.59
1.97
2.19
.43

4.95
2. 15
2. 22
. 58

5.04
2. 15
2.24
.65

.06
.00
.06
.00

.07
.00
.07
.00

.07
.00
.07
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.01
.00
.01
.00

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

26.80
.00
.06
.01
.02
.04
.00
.28
.08
23.09
.01
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01
1.06
2.12

25. 61
. 00
. 08
.01
. 02
.06
. 00
.25
. 10
20.56
.01
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01
1.41
3. 09

20.87
.00
.13
.01
.01
.08
.00
.30
.09
15.60
.01
.01
.00
.01
.03
.01
1.99
2.59

26.43
.02
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
25.13
.00
.01
.00
.01
.62
.00
.00
.00
.27
.33

20.52
.04
.00
. 00
.01
.00
.02
18.80
.00
.02
.01
.01
. 69
.00
. 00
.01
.45
.48

15.56
.06
.00
.00
.01
.00
.03
13.62
.00
.02
.01
.01
.73
.00
.00
.00
.59
.46

3.77
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.02
1.88
.00
.00
.00
.02
1.40
.00
.00
.00
.03
.42

3.55
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
1.49
.00
.00
.00
.02
1.45
.00
.00
.00
.04
.53

3.75
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.03
1.64
.00
.00
. 00
.01
1.60
.00
.00
.00
.04
.43

4.61
.01
2.77
.10
.00
.02
1.71

4.63
. 01
2. 82
. 16
. 00
. 02
1.62

3.97
.01
2.83
.25
.00
.01
.88

1.67
.01
.58
.02
.08
.15
.82

1.91
.02
.69
.04
.09
. 16
.92

2.02
.00
.72
.06
.06
.13
1.05

1.38
.02
.38
.02
.17
.32
.48

1.34
.02
.34
.03
.19
.31
.46

1.20
.00
.30
. 03
. 14
.27
.47

3.22

3. 03

2.77

.81

.87

.75

1.26

1.21

.97

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.93
.35
.58

1. 1 1
.45
• 66

1.15
.54
.61

.66
.17
.49

.73
.21
.52

.57
-20
.37

1.07
.24
.83

1.06
.26
.79

.78
.20
.58

Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,!ountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc prrvt

2.15
.01
.01
.47
.09
.69
•6 5
.24

1.76
.01
.02
.33
.07
.74
. 36
. 23

1.39
.01
.03
.14
.09
.77
.11
.25

.06
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.02
.01

.05
.00
.00
.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.06
.00
.00
.02
.01
.01
.01
.01

.05
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.02
.01

.04
.00
.00
.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

.05
. 00
. 00
.01
.00
.02
.01
.01

.01
.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.00
.00

.03
.03
.00
.00

.02
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.01
.01

.05
.00
.04
.01

.04
.00
.03
.01

.05
.00
.03
.01

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers
Operatives
Operatives,except transport
Semiskilled metalworking
Welders and flamecutters

Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies
Practical nurses




264

Table 1- Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation. 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Auto
dealers, gas
stations

Food
stores.
other

Motor
vehicle
dealers

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Elevator operators
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.08
.05
.01
.03

. 07
. 04
.01
.02

.08
.05
.01
.02

.02
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Protective service workers
Guards

.06
.06

. 08
. 08

.13
.13

.06
.05

.06
.05

.08
.08

.09
.09

.08
.07

.10
. 10

2.90
.04
.01
.03
.05
.79
.04
.01
1.38
.14
. 13
.30

3. 75
.07
. 01
. 04
.05
1. 04
. 06
.01
1 88
.
. 17
. 13
.29

3.74
.09
.01
.09
.04
1.09
.05
.02
1.75
.18
.08
.34

2.21
.00
.01
.04
.00
.08
.02
.00
.19
1.76
.05
.08

2.73
.00
.01
.05
.00
.11
.02
.00
. 30
2.09
.07
.09

2.48
.00
.01
.04
.00
. 17
.04
.00
.35
1.70
.08
.09

4.11
.00
.01
.06
.00
.04
.01
.00
.12
3.77
.01
.09

4.63
.00
.01
.05
.00
.04
.02
.00
.14
4.27
.01
.09

4.07
.00
.01
.05
.00
.05
.02
.00
. 12
3.73
.01
.08

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Fishers,hunters,trappers
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Longshore workers, stevedores
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




265

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Tire,batry,
accessory
dealers
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

1978

Gasoline
service
stations

1990

100,00 100. 00 100.00
,82
1.05
1.00
.09
-03
.03

.01
.01
.02

.04

1970

1978

Misc
vehicle
dealers
1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1.27

1.45

1.31

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.02
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.03

.03

.02
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02
.02
.00
.00
.02

.03

.01

.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01

.14
.03
.08
.03

. 18
.03
.09
.06

.01
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.25
.23

.03

.02

.02
.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.34
.31

.13
.04
.05

, 11
. 03
.04

.01

.01
.01

. 01

.02

.03

.10

.01
.00
.01
.00

. 02

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts

.03

.02
.02

. 04
. 02

Social scientists
Economists

.01
.01

. 01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Public relations specialists

.09

. 13

.01
.01
.00
.11
.0 1
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.04
. 00

.04

.26
. 18

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs
Managers,officials,prop rietors

. 06
. 02
.03

.03
.06

.01

.00
.02
.00

.01

.01

. 02
.08

.07

.01

.01

.60
.42

.14

.67
.48
. 00
. 03
. 17

.04
.14

21.70

.55
.39

.00
.01

100.00 100.00 100.00

.51

Technicians,except health
Airplane pilots
Kadio operators
Other technicians except health

.01

1990

.56

.02
.02
.01

.04

1978

.32

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Other engineering,science tech

.01
.01

1970

.00

.03

.00
.00

.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.01
.02
.21
.02
.11

.07
.33
.31
. 00

.01

.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.20
.01
.20
.10

.16

. 09

.01

.01

.15

.08
. 12
.03

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.03

.01
.00

.11
.03
.01
.00

.03

.04

.06

.07

. 00
.08

.41
.30
.03

.54
.48
.03

.64
.56

.53
.47

.00

.02
.00

.05

.46
.31
.04
. 02
.08

.05

.04

.05

.06

33.42

24.12

24.52

21.09

.01
.01

.02

.01

.01
.00

24. 85

22.49

22.97

24.64

4.41
.1 1
1.24
.52
2.54

4. 33
. 13
.82
.55
2. 83

4.71
.14
.81
.51
3.25

.32

.42

.01

.01

.38

4.81

4.77

.04
.03
.24

.03
.04
.33

.03
.04
.31

.06
.39
4.26

.04
.38
4.24

5.03
-09
.05
.40
4.49

Other managers,officials,proprts
Mgrs, superintendents, building
Office managers, other
Officers,pilots,pursers,ship
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

17.30

20. 52

17.78
.04
.75

22.65

24.22

33.04

19.75

16.05

.08

. 12

.77
.07

.84
.07

.99
.09

.03
16.69

.05
16.95

.00
.01

.00
. 15
.00
.01

19.30

. 72
. 00
.03
19. 75

22.56

24.09

32.88

18.44

18.82

14.96

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

28.37

23.44

.93

26.02

24.47

27.44

23.43

.92

1. 11
.00
1. 10

1.79

28.36

23.55
. 02
23.53

1.79

26.02

24.47

27.44

Clerical workers

14.36

15.38

15.96

4.23

5.56

5.69

13.01

12.13

12.31

.70

5.39

5.23

5.85

4.79
.03
.41

5.52

. 14
.06
.03

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank, financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Keypunc h
Other office machine operators




.01
.58
.00

.01

.02

.00

.01

.01

.00
.00
.01
.00

.00

.00

2.21
.00

2. 40

2.73

.54

.00

.01

.01

.01

1.84
.03
.34

2.05

2.42

.42

.72

.60

.39
.09
.04
.07
.18

.01

.00

.07

.06

.06

.01

.11
.01

.12

.10

.04

.03

.03

.09

.05

.04

.42
.09
,03

266

.01

. 10

.42
. 06
.03
. 15
. 15

.02

.01

.00

.09

.31

.02

.00

.02

4.86
.05
.47

.33

.16

.02

.00

.02

.02

.12

.00

.11

.02

,01

.02

.84

.10

.02

.03

.00
.00
.01

.00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.02

.02
.00

.00

.02
.00
.00

.00
.01

.00

.01

.01

.31

.00

.04

.00

Table 1, Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Gasoline
service
stations

Tire,batry,
accessory
dealers

Misc
vehicle
dealers

1970

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Roofers and slaters

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

11.76
.13
6.77

12. 56
.17
6.73
. 82
. 10

12.81
.15
6.49

3.63
.04
2.53
.37
.03
.03

4.65
.07
2.96
.59
.06
.04
.03
.06
. 17
.03
.06
.03

4.88

7.51
.09
5.15
.14
.04
.04
.08
.05
.16
.04

6.80

6.32
.09
3.84
.25
. 10
.09
. 10

.66

.07
.19
.30
.05
.26
.06
. 17

.10

.05
.07

.10

1.11

.15
.24
.52
.08
.33

.22

.38
.07
.37
.07
. 17
. 11
.05
.09

.10

.19

.11

.03
.09

.11
.02

.05

.02
.01

.01

.03
.03

.05
.04

.06
.03

.09
.04
.03

.11

.33
.04

.27

.02
.00
.20

.42

.44

.40

15.51

17.63

20.00

25.37

27.28

27.96

.12

.17
.05

.13
.03

2.97
2.39

2.62
2.05

1.62
1.09

.03

.03
.15

.03
.14

.01

.00
.06
.10
.01

.31
.07

.31
.04

.01

.00

.70

. 87

.85

.18

14.09

15. 35

18.45

.22

.22

.08

.08

.19
.03
.04

.00

.02
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

.99

1. 14

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Machinists and apprentices
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.75
.75

. 83
.83

.76
.74

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

11.83
.03

.00
.00

.00

.51
.34

.41

.00
.6 9
.20
.00

. 18

.07
.23

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.27

.00

.00

.03
.03

.00

.10
.01

.26

.47

.55

.85

.87

.01
.66

.02
. 00
.00

.03

.02
.02
.00
.00

.16
.13
.04

.15
.13

.13
.13

16.90
.14

19.26

16.35
.09
.89
.06
.18
3.88

17.99

19. 17
.08
.75
.08

1.09
.09

1.51
.13

2. 35
.19

9.93

.05
11.17

11.16

.02
.02

.02
.02

.01
.01

.03

15.04
.07

.29
.14

.20
. 00
.11

267

.00

.00

.03
.06

15.96
.05

.00

.00

.00

.00
.00

12. 82

.48
.34
13.92

.00

.00
.00
.02
.01

.00
.02

11.02
.00

.13
. 15

.00
.00
.01
.01
.02

.00
.00

10.22
.00
.00

.04

.02
.02
.00
.00

.05
. 00
.53
.31

.02

.35
.16

.33
.07

.02
.00

. 04

.02

.35
.19

.02

.02

.08

.11

.02
.01

.04
.03

.05
.03
.03

.03
.08

.11

.11

. 13
.09
.07

.11

.63
.28
1.33

.00
.04
.00
.05
.02
.00
1.10

.01

4.36
.18
.07
.05
. 10
.07
.18
.06
.09
.03
.09

.04

.02

.61
. 19
1.38
.05

.01

2.79
.99
.07
.05
.04
.07
. 13
.04
.09
.03

.10

.29
. 13
. 10
.37
.04

.01

.60
.14
1.26
.08

.02
.00
.05
.00

18
 0
343-899
81


.03

.10

.11

.02
.00
.04
.00

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters

.02

.11

.00
.01

.30
14.41

.00
.21
.01
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00

.00
.01

.02

.10
.00
.01
.20

.27
16. 10

18.57

.31

.34

.00

.02
.00
.01
.03

.00
.00

.00

.01
.00
.01
.02
.00
.00

.01

.00

.02

.01
-10

.01

.02
.00
.11

.75
.07
.17
4.01

.02
.01

.01
.00

.21

4.28

.02

.01
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Tire,batry,
accessory
dealers

Gasoline
service
stations

Misc
vehicle
dealers

1970

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.30

.34

.44

.06

.06

.06

5.03

5.63

6.37

.09
.06

.07
.07

.06
. 10

.31

.45

.01

.00

.00
.01

.03

.12
.01
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01

.01
.00
.00
.01

.05
. 15

.09
.19

.01

.03
.07

.01

. 01
. 02
.07
. 01

.01
.01
.01
.10
.01

17.95

16.65

14.06

Semiskilled metalworking
Grinding machine operatives
Lathe,milling mach operatives
Metal platers
Other precision mach operators
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

.25
.04
.03

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

Operatives
Operatives,except transport

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

49.70

37.97

5.85

5.58

5.42

13. 01

11.81

54.07

47.79

35.56

3.13

3.31

3.74

.27
.04

.32
.03
.03

.03

.37

.41

.44

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.06
. 00

.07

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

.06

.07

. 20

.18
.18

.06
.06

. 10
. 10

. 11

Other operatives, exc transport
Assemblers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Sailors and deckhands
Furnace tendr,stokt,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport

13.60

12.55

11.31

53.98

47.63

35.37

Transport equipment operatives
Boat operators
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

.01

.01
.01
.00
.21

.03

.20
.00
.00

. 00
.08
8. 56
. 00
.04
. 01
.08
. 00

.00
.00
.00

.09
6.84

.00

.05

.00
.01
.01
.00

.00
.01
.01
.00

53.72
.03

47.24
.04
. 00

35.00
.06

.01

.00
.02

.03

. 04

.03

.00
.01

.00
.00

2.34
.60

2. 97
. 81

3.41
.80

.04

3.89

3. 64

3.56

.08
1.48

.00

. 00
2. 15
.18
.03
. 07

1.22

.00
.00

2.23
.26

.02
1.00
.05

.01
.00
.01

.00
.01
.00

.11

. 01

.01
.12
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
2.19
.12
.02

5.74

55.40

.21
.21

.00
.00
.00

4.96

4.48

15.36

.03

. 16

.08

.42

.02
.03
.00
.01
.01

.00
.01

.14

.03

.00

.02
.04
.00
.01
.01

.00
.01

.01
.01
.00

.00

.00

.00

.04

.00
.01

.03

.06
10.48

.00

.02
.05
.00
.01
.01

.00

.04

.02
.01
.03
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00

.00

.01
.00
.01

.02
.00
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.02

.39

.42

.06
.06

.05
.05

.04
.04

2.70
.48

2.85
.60

3.26
.75

.72

-72

.03
.34

.02
.00
.00

.92

.00
.00
.02
.24
.01

.02
.00
.00

.00
.00
.01

.26

.12

.06
. 19

.05
. 17

.18
.79

.01
.02
.01
.21
1.00

1.33

1.92

2.41

2.72

2.27

.00
.00
.40
.01
.00
.01
.89

.00
.01
.59
.01
.01
.02

1.29

.00
.00
.56
.02
.00
.02

.03

.01

.02

.03
.70

.01

.03
.62

.02
.02

.02
.02

1.81

.05
1.87

.04
1.53

.02
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.37
.01
.02
.01
.22
1.15

1.68
.01
.00
.57
.02
.01
.01
1.06

.59

.60

.52

.24

.26

.18

2.56

2.59

2. 32

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

.46
.08
.38

.47
. 10
.37

.34

.11

.14
.03

.07

.23

2.23
.99
1.24

2.31

.10

. 15
.04

1.98
1.09
. 88

Food service workers
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters '
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

.02
.00
.01
.01
.01

.04

.05

.06

.07
.03

.03

.02
.01
.00
.00
.01
.01

.04

Service workers




.01
.00
.01
.01
.01

.01
.00
.02
.01
.01

268

.01
.00

.03

.00

.02

.11

.06

.07
.03

.07
.05

.01
.00
.02
.00

.02
.00
.01
.00

.01
.00
.00
.01
.02

1.10
1.21

.01

. 00

.00
.01
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation# 1970# 1978 and projected 1990
Tire# batry#
accessory
dealers

Gasoline
service
stations

Wise
vehicle
dealers

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Personal service workers
Attendants#personal serv#other
Child care workers# exc private
Elevator operators
Housekeepers# exc private homes

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.01
.00
-01
.00

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
.10

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives

.07
.06

. 07
. 06
. 01

.11

.01

.10
.01

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.02
.02
.00

.01

2.12
.01

2. 57

2.77

.06
.33

. 06
.42

.07
.60

. 10
.30

1.57
. 11
.28
. 12

1.65
.09

Laborers# except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs#groundkeepers#exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers#eguip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.01
1.20
.12

.01

.01

.01

.01

269

.21

.14

.42

.01
.02
.04
.01
.01
.29
.03

.02

1970

1978

1990

.01

.15

.10
.01

. 12

.04

.03
.06

.05
. 00
.06

.15
.14

.15
.15

. 19
. 19

.43

1.81
.04

1.98
.03

2. 16
-02

. 02
.05

.06

.30

.37
.05
.03

. 10
.03

.25
.19
.24
.51
.09
.38

.55

.01

.01
.02

.02
.01

.01
.01
.20

.11

.00

.01

.10
.20

.32
.57

.10

.37

.01

.00

.07
.43
.25
.37
.55
. 10
.36

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990

1990

1970

100.00 100.00 100.00

I00.00

1970

Total all occupations

1978

Shoe
stores

Apparel and
accessory,
exc shoes

Apparel and
accessory
stores

1978

1990

100.00 100.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

.95

1. 19

1.03

1.01

1.26

1. 10

-72

.87

.74

Engineering,science technicians
Drafters

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

-00
.00

.00
.00

.02
.02

.02
.02

.02
.02

Medical workers,exc technicians
Registered nurses

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Computer specialists
Computer programers
Computer systems analysts

.04
.03

. 05
.03
. 01

.04

.03

.04

.03

.06
.05

.09
.06

.09
.07
.03

Social scientists
Economists

.02
.02
.00
.00

. 02
. 02

.01
.01

.01
.01
.00
.00

.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists

.34
.19
.03
.08

. 42
.23
.05
. 09

.03

.04

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Lawyers
Personnel,labor relations wkrs

.54
.33

.67
. 42
. 02

Professional and technical

Teachers
Adult education

Managers,officials,proprietors

.01

.01

.01

.02
.02
.01
.01
.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.01

.02
.01

.02
.02

.03
.03

.01
.01

. 01

.01

.01
.02
.01
.01

.01

.02

.02
.02

.00
.00

.42
.25
.09
.04

. 14
.06
.03

. 18
.07
.09

.46
.34

.09
.03

.22
.04
.10
.01

.03

.04

.03

.11
.02
.02
.01
.02

.58
.40

.55
.33

.69
.43

.61
.41

.02

.51
.33

.02

.61
.41

.37

.21

.01

.02
.02

.39

.48
.27
.05

.11
.01

.02

.04

.02
.01
.02

.00
.00

.00
.01
.01

.02

.16

.01
.20

.24

.18

.16

.18

.01
.11

25.38

22.41

5.21
.08
.11
.06
1.64 * 1.49
3.49
3.58

4.49
.06
.03
1. 10
3.30

.02

.02

.22

19.46

21.73

21.03

18.88

20.89

20.67

21.82

5.81

5.27
. 10

3.84
.05

5.94

5.29

.12
1.67
2.00

.26
2.32
2. 61

3.67
.05
.15
1.82

5.31
.07

.45
2.58
2.81

17.19
.27

15.60
.33
.03
15.25

17.00
.28

16.52

20.17

17.92
.24

16.70

.03
16.30

19.93

17.67

Buyers,sales,lean managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

.38
2.40
2.94

.22
2. 17

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
fiesta urant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

13.64
.28
.03
13.33

16. 4 6
.31
. 02
16. 13

16.91

12.94
.30
.03
12.61

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Other sales workers

51.28
.04
51.24

47. 81
. 06
47. 74

55.24
.09
55.15

50.12
.04
50.08

46.82
.06
46.75

54.27
.09
54.18

56.02
.03
56.00

52.11
.05
52.05

58.92
. 10
58.82

Clerical workers

14.43

15. 19

13.30

14.56

15.41

13.94

13.90

14.21

10.89

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Legal secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists

1.35

1. 44

1.48

1.37

1.49

1.67

1.30

.01

1.20
.01

.01

.97

1 09
.
. 01
.34

.97

1. 13

1.38

.01

.99

.01

.92

.01

.50

.01

.27

.38

.35

.28

.29

.27

. 24

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Keypunch
Other office machine operators

.51
.09

.26

o
•

.19

.24

.35

. 19

.03
. 17

.09
.03

.57
.03
.17
.08
.24
.05

.56

.08
.06
.17
.07

.46
.05
.05
.14
. 15
.07

.05

.04




.10

.00

.02

.36

.10

.07
.19
.06

2.79

.00

-01

.00
1.20
.01

.48
.04
. 06
. 15
. 16
. 06

.02
.02
.11

270

.10

.00
.02

.11

.10

.00
.01

1.66
.01

.00

.02
.01

.09
.09
.03

.20

.22
.02

.02
.11

.20

.01

.76

.01

.10

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Apparel and
accessory,
exc shoes

Apparel and
accessory
stores

Shoe
stores

197 0

Crafts and kindred workers

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

12.56
.16
3.56
3.91
.09
.06

13. 27
. 18
3.60
a. 44
. 11
. 05

11.56
.19
2.85
4.26
.08

12.69
.16
3.61
3.50

13.46
. 18
3.67
4.06

12.03

12.45
.16
3.28
6.06
.08

9.78
. 11
2.33
4.79
.06

.07

.03

.24
.03

.06
.24
.27
. 04

.02
.21
.11
.03
.21
.07
.01

12.03
.16
3.35
5.58
.07

.20
.22

.22
.10

.02

.21

.18
.09
.03

.20
.07
.01

.21

.15
1.13
.17
1.58

. 10
.03
. 17
. 12
. 71
. 16
1. 04
. 13
1. 74

o
o

Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production ccntrolrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
fieceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Misc clerical workers

1978

4. 25

.10

. 12
. 08
. 02

.03
.13
.13

.68

.22

.24
.04
.23

.10

.72
.09
1.64

.04
.13
. 14
.76
.16
1.15
. 19
1.85

3.81

.18
.07
.78

-11

.11

.22

. 10
.03
.16
. 13
.79
. 18
1.05
. 14

.56

.64

.60

.18

. 18

.17

. 00
. 08
. 04
. 01

-02
.00

.01
.00

.03
.06

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mech
Auto body repairers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Hadio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.01
.00
.10

.03

.01
.01
.01
.02

.03

.02

. 15
.08
.04

. 32
. 15
.08

.54

.60

.49

.64

.82

1. 01

.15

. 15

. 13

.34

.32
.04

.31
.06

.07
.03

.06
.03

.03
.05

.15
.06

.05
. 11

.01
.00

.01
.00

. 04
.03

.07
.05

.03

.04
.03

.06
.04

.01

.10

.08

.02
.02
.00
.01

.01
.01

2.81

.10
1.00

.03

.01
.01
.00
.02

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Telephone installers,repairers

2.23

.09
-38

.01
.02

.01
.01
.00
.02

.01
.01

.01

.02
.02
.00

.01
.01
.01
.01

.02
.01
.01

.01

. 16
.04

.10
.02
.01
.00

.01
.01
.02

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.01
.21

. 10
.04

2.40

. 13

.02
.00

. 16
.09

.01

.06
.52

.11

4.08

.02
.01

.02
.11
.11
.01

.28
.04
.41
.06
.76
.04
.53

.15

4.72
.08

Blue collar worker supervisors

.01

4.38

.11

.02
.02
.00

.88
.12

.18
.09

2.02

.10

.17

.16
.08

.02
.10
.11
.01

.37
.09
1.07
.08
.47

.06
.01-

.06

2.98
4. 12
.08

.71
. 10
1.94

.11
.03
.01
.02

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Electricians and apprentices
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Furriers
Inspectors, other
Shoe repairers
S-ign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

.10

.21

.05
.03

.02
.02
.20

.04

.01
.00

.01

.01

.01
.00

.01

.01

.01
.00

.02

.02

.03

.07

.03

.05
.04

. 10
.09

.03

.02
.00

.02
.01
.01

.01
.00

.02
.00

.02
.00
.01

. 01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.01
.01

.01
.01

3.11

3.25

2.81

3.55

3. 80

3.27

.18
.03
.19

.16

.23
.04

2.03

. 17
. 03
. 06
. 01
. 02
1.79

.03

.03

6.09

.01

.00
.01

.00
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

1.29

.89

1.06

.03
.30

.01
.01
.00
.01

.07
.23

.06

.08

.01
.01
.45
.00
.00

.01
.01
.64
.00
.00

.02
.02
1.70
.02
.20
.01
.00
.00

.01

.01
.01
.01
2.51
.01

.02
.01
1.26
.01
.21
.03
.00
.01
.02
2. 18
.01

.03

.04

.03

.03

.01
.01
.23
.00
.00
.02
.94
.01
.01
.05
.00
.01

6.01

3.04

7.16

7.06

3.59

1.70

1.44

.98

5.81

5.71

2.66

6.85

6.72

3.15

1.55

1.29

.80

Semiskilled metalworking
Welders and flamecutters

.01
.01

.01
.01

.03
.03

.01
.01

.02
.02

.04
.04

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.39
.39

.40
.40

.36
.36

.42
.42

.43
.43

.40
.40

.25
.25

.25
.25

.20
.20

Operatives
Operatives,except transport




.01
.01
.58
.01
.01
.01
.01

.01
.01
1. 11
.01

.02
.02
1.48
.01
.02
.05
.00
.03
.99

.01

271,

.01
.01
.67
.01

.04
1.23

.01

.00
.01
.00
.01

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Apparel and
accessory
stores

Apparel and
accessory,
exc shoes

Shoe
stores

197 0

Other operatives, exc transport
Clothing ircners and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Dyers
Filer,polisher,sander,bu££er
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Milleners
Photographic frocess workers
Sewers and stitchers
Shoemaking machine operatives
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers
Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

5.42
.30
.05
3.79

5. 30

2.27
.08
.04
1.37

6.42
.37
.06
4.67

6. 28

2.71

1.30

1.05

.27
. 06
4.75

.04
1.72

.03
.13
.04

.01
.00

. 14

.22

. 05
3. 88
- 01

.00

.02
.00

. 09

.04

.01
.01
.21
.00

.01
.02
. 18
.00

.54
.0 1

.48

.11

.22

. 12
.23

.00
.02
.09
.11

.28
.15

. 30
. 14

.38
.14

.01

.01
.01
.11

.01
.02
.09
.01
.39

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00
.01
.01

.03

.11
.00

.60

.01
.02

.00
.01

.13
.05

.04
.08

.42

. 16

.01
.68
.00
.00
.00
.01

.01

.00
.00
.00
.02

.06
.04

.06
.03

.00

.00
.00
.00

.04
.08

.57

.48

.01

.01
.01

- 10
.24

. 10
.25

.08

.12

.15
.13

.17
.13

. 13
.05

.32
.17

.34
. 16

.44
. 17

.14
.06

.15
.05

.19
.04

.01
.01
.12

.00
.01

.00
.02

.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01

. 13

. 14

.02
.23

.07

.08

.13

1.95

1.98

1.50

2.18

2.22

1.69

.97

-91

.78

1.07
.47
.60

1.09
. 50
.58

.72
.36
.36

1 19
.
.53

1. 20

.81
.40
.40

.59
.25
.34

.59
.27
.32

.21

. 19

.18

. 16
. 01
. 03

.19

.20
.01
.04
.02

. 17

.01
.03
.01

.09

. 13

.03
.04

. 04
. 05
.02

.06
-05

.01

.03
.07
.03

.04
.05

.00
.00

.02
.00
.00

.07
.04

.60
.18

.62
. 15

.01
.03
.02
.03
.07

.02

.01

.02
.03
.01

.00
.00

. 00

.00
.00

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Barbers
Bootblacks
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.01
.02
.11
.23
.02

.53
.15

.54
. 12
. 00

.37
.08

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives

.17
.15
. 02
1.85

.01
.10
1.60
.01
.10

.01

. 08
. 31

.01

. 19
. 17

.02
1. 86

. 01
. 10
1.60
. 01
. 11
n

.03

.00

o
•




.00
.00
.01
.01
.02
.22
.00

.01

.02
.02
.21

Health service workers
Practical nurses

Laborers, except farm
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers

.00
.00
.01
.01
.02
.26
.00
.66
.00
.01

.10

1990

272

.00
.01
.02
.25
.01

.66

.01
.00

.01
.01

.56
.64

.00
.00

.13
. 27

.09
.36

.19
.17

. 22

.01

.01

.02

.20

.01

.00
.01
.00
.01
.05
.01

.00
.01
.00
.02
.04
.01

.01

.00
.00

.01
.01

.01
.01

.02
.02

.23

.16

. 14

.09
.03
.05
.04

.04

.01

.43

.10
.00
.00
.02
.30
.01

.22
.20
.02

.02

.20
.02

1.05

1.70

1.63

.00

.02
.68
.00

1.50

. 10
1.41

.01

.08
.46

.02

.07

.08

. 11

.00

.07
.79

.01

.15
.03

.00
.10
.01

.01

.01

.09

.39

.25
.23

.02

.00
.02

.05
.04

.00
.00

.02

.00
.01

.00
.05
.06

.00
.00

.07

.07
.03

.01
.06
.01

.01

.01

.07
.06

. 10
. 10

2.48
.04
.08
2.04

2.85
.03
.08
2.40

2.48

.24
.08

.26
.08

. 29
.06

.00

.00

.00

.01

.06
2. 04

.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Furntre and
appliance
stores
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical
Engineers,technical
Civil
Electrical
Industrial
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers
Engineering,science technicians
Drafters
Electrical and electronic
Industrial engineering
Surveyors
Other engineering,science tech
Technicians,except health
Radio operators
Other technicians except health

1978

Home
furnishings

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
3.07
. 11

.01

.04

.01
.02
.02
.02

.10
.05
.04

1.84

.08

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 11

.01
.01
.02
.01
.02

-02
.04
.00
.01
.00
.01

. 12
. 06
.05

. 14
.09
.04

. 05

.04
.04

.01
.00
.00

.01
.01
.01

.00
.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.03

. 04
. 02
. 02

.02
.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

.01
.01

.06
.05

.01

.09
.06
. 03

.08
.05
.03

Social scientists
Economists
Psychologists

.02
.02
.00

. 04
.04

1.28
.04
1.24

. 81
. 04
. 76

Writers,artists,entertainers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists

.98
.74
.03
.05
.08

1. 14
. 85
. 04
. 06
.09

.06

. 08

.85
.06
.04
.06
.03
.07

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Home management advisors
Lawyers
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labor relations wkrs

.48
.36

.56
.41

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

2-12

2.91

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

1970

Household
appliances.
tv,radio

2. 16
.00
.00
.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00

1.99

.04
.04
. 00

.04
.04

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

1970

1978

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00
5.09

4.03

2.35

.29

.27

.21

.02
.12
.02

.02
.12
.02

.04
. 10

.00

.05
.05
.04

.05
.03
.04

.04

.21

.26
.09
. 13

.31
. 16

.07
. 11

.00

.03

.00
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.07
.03
.03

.09
.04
.04

.11

.15
. 10
.04

.08
.03

.01
.01
.01

.02
.02
.01

.10
.01

.04

.01

.06

.02

.04

.11

.05
.03

.02

.06
.03
.03

.05
.04

.02
.02
.00

.03
.03

.00

.03
.03

.00

.02
.02
.01

.06
.04

.02

.07
.06

.23

.01

.03
.03

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

.01
.01
.00

3.37
.09
3.29

1.99
.09
1.90

.60
.03
.57

1.33
1.15
.04

1.59
1.37
.04

1.52
1.34
.06

.40
.06
.03
.14
.04
.03

.42
.04
.05
. 10
.05
.04
. 14

.01

.02
.22
1.11

.01

.08
.03

.02

.03

.04

.02
.02

.10

.48
.07
.04
.14
.06
.03
.14

.42
.30

.40
.32

.45
.35

.32
.26

.00
.00
.00

.61
.43

.01
.01
.02

.74
.50

.57
.36

. 12

.09

.08

.09

.06

.13

.03
.16

.04
.15

19.28

20. 41

20.48

18.76

19.58

18.63

20.12

21.65

23.53

Buyers,sales,loan managers
Bank,financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

3.67
.09
.45
.85
2.28

3. 11
.09
.24
. 69
2.09

2.11

3.74
.08
.60
1.06

3.03
.08
.33
.87
1.76

2.04
.05
. 19
.63
1.18

3.56

2.22

.50
2.75

3.23
.09
. 12
.43
2.59

Other managers,officials,proprts
Funeral directors
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

15.61
.03
.59
.04
14.94

17. 29

18.37

16.54

16.59

16.57

18.41

21.32

.61
•. 02
16.65

.58

15.03
.05
.60
.03
14.34

.62

.58
16.00

.60
.03
17.79

.59

15.88

.59
.04
15.94

20.72

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Demonstrators
Other sales workers

25.74
.05

26.90
.07
.05
26.77

36.90

27.00
.05

.11

.22

36.68

26.73

27.50
.07
.14
27.29

30.60
. 10
.06
30.44

Clerical workers

Managers,officiaIs,proprietors

Stenographrs,typists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists




.02

.00
.01
.01
.10

.02

.00
.01
.01

.01

.00
.00
.01

.04
.14
.51
1.42

.01

.01

17.78

.00
.10
.02

.00
.00
.00

2.00

.00
.11
.02

.00
.00
.00

.02

.02

.00

.07

.01

.01

.10
.21

.00

.01
.01

.00

.01
.00

.03
.05
.31
1.82

.00

.01

25.58

27. 14
.07
.09
26. 98

.09
34.32

24.98
.05
.05
24.88

15.88

15.22

13.02

15.26

14.32

11.36

16.90

16.57

15.77

3.96
3.25
.04

4.06
3.44
. 02
.60

4.48
3.99

3.69
3.04
.03
.61

3.64
3. 09

3.74
3.32
.41

4.68
3.95
.03
.70

5.70
5.09

.53

4.42
3.61
.06
.75

.11

.66

34.52

.11

.01

.49

273

.02

.11

.01

.00
.60

Table 1* Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Furntre and
appliance
stores

Home
furnishings

Household
appliances,
tv,radio

197 0

Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral equip
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc rood
Dispatchers,starters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
File clerks
Mail handlers,exc pest office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Heceptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers
Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Cement and concrete finishers
Electricians ana apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Floor layers, exc tile setters
Painters and apprentices
Paperhangers
Plasterers and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Tile setters

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

-30
.06

.30
.03
. 01
. 12

.18

.26
.05

.25
.03

. 15

.36
.08

.38
.04

.25

.01

.01
.01

.04

. 10
.09
.03

.02

.07
.04

.06
.16
.03

.15
.14
.04

10.43
. 15
5. 15
.77

7.48
. 12
3.50

12.12

11.50

.31
. 13
.03
.45
.06
. 18
.05
.04
.09
.36
.65

. 15
. 12

.17
6.83
.70
.05
.17
.16

6.18
.81
.06
.15
.18

-01

.05
.13
.03

.02
.01

.09
.05

.11

.12

. 03

-02

.03

1 1-63
. 16
6. 18
.72
.07
.28
. 14
.06
.37
.06
.24
.09
.05
.08
.43
.61
.13
.71
.18

10. 86

8.36
.16
4. 15
.75
.08

11.32
.15
5.79
.73
.09
.35
.13
.03
.41
.06

1.05

1. 04

23.57

2.86
.79
.01
.02
.01

22. 88
2. 18
-71
.01
.01
.01

.37

.35

.00

. 17
5.56
.79
. 09
.25
. 15
.07
. 42
. 06

.12

.13
.05

.22

.05
.18
.06
.03

.21

. 09
.05
. 10
. 38
. 56
. 14
. 61
. 13

.12
.22
.45
.10
.39

21.06

23.01

1.36
.49

3.74

.02

.01

.79
.19

.41
. 16

.14
.08

.00
.01

.54

. 13
.37

.19
.26

Blue collar worker supervisors

-81

. 98

1.14

Metalwbrkg craft wrkrs,exc mech
Machinists and apprentices
M illwrights
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

. 11
.04

. 15
. 06

.27

.00
.05
.01

.12

.05
.07

.01
.01

1.21
.01
.02
.01

.05

.11

1. 51

.01

.02
.00
.11

.01

.45
.07
.48
.06

1.60
.73

1.41

1.32

.96
.09

. 02

.01

.00
.01
.01

.06

.09

.91
.03

.78
.03

.08

.07

.04
. 00

2.75

1.11
.01

.00

.00

1.26
.26

.67

.00
.21

.10
.00
.00
-01
.01

.01

.11
.00
.00
.01
.01

.01

.00
.00

.04
.29

.02
.00

.01
.01
.02

.21
.01
.01
.02

.00
.02
.01

.26

.48

.62

.41

.00

.31

.87
.81

.91

.89

.82

1.09

1.56

.23
.08

.28
.09

.50
. 15
.08

.04

.06
.04

.10

. 10

. 14

.10
.00
.00
.04
1.04
.09

20.85
2.55

20. 12

.21

.07

.02

4.85
.06
9.89
1.25

.17
3.01
.08
10.47
.51

.01
.01

.01
.01

.00
.00

.11
.01
.01
.02

.11
.07
.01
.01
.02

.05
.03

.04
.97

.00

.06
.91

.00

.08
.56

.35
.05

.27

.02
.02

. 02
. 02

.02
.02

.03

.03
.03

.03
.03

Transport,public util craft wkrs
Elec pwr line instaler,repairer
Power station operators
Telephone installers,repairers
Telephone line instair,splicers

.05
.03

.05
. 03

.02
.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.02
.14
.02

.00

.00

.17
4.94
-07
1 1.46
1.37

.00
.00

.00
.01
.02
.00
.00

.02

.00

.05

. 00
.03

.00
.00

18.43
3.94
.06
.03
.09
.05

.00
.02
.04
.00
.00

.02

.00
.00

.01
.13
.01

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters

274

.46
. 13
.25
. 16

22.50

.20




.22

23.94

.43
.06

.01

.10

.04
. 14

24.51

1.48
.03
4.12

. 00

.37
.06
.26
.15
.05
. 12
.40
.41
. 19
.55
.15

.04
.06
. 16
.08
.18
.04
.26

22. 18 20. 18

. 12
2.49
. 02
4. 17
.53

.00

.10

.48
.39
.18

.11

.88

1. 15

.09
2.47
.03
4.60
.56

.00
.00
.01

.32
.07
.27
.15
.05

9.83
.23
5.23

1.09

1- 52

.05

.02
.11
.21

.11

.07
.03

1.08

1.64
.08

.02
.01

.24
.05
. 14
.04

.20

.02
.01
.11

.00

.00
.00
.02

. 04
.07
. 02

.02

.01

.93

.00
1.01

-02
.00
.00
.01

.01

.66
.10

.02

.66
.18
.01

.65
. 12

7.60
1.54

8. 98

1.01
.00

.00

.11

.03
.08
.05

.06
. 02

8.91

.06
.05
.07
.40
.74
. 11
.74
.18
1.03

.00
.01
.02
.17
.01

.01
.01
.1 1

.22

.10
.00
1.01

.00

.01
.01

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig mecn
Aircraft mechanics
Auto accessories installers
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processing mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy equip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Eadio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.01

.00

.01
.10

. 13
.03

.01

.07

3.60

.02
.08
.12
.01
.21

.01

.01
.01
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation,

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Furntre and
appliance
stores

Home
furnishings

Household
appliances,
tv,radio

1970

Operati ves
Operatives,except transport

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

10,81
2,91
3.46

10.53
2. 48
3.79

10.64
1.99
3.76
.05
2.75

16.73
4.65
5.52

16.92
4. 10
6.29

16.49
3.17

1.07
.04
.06

1.01

1. 00

-01

.05
.07

.02

.06
.09

.09
.08

.05
.04
.06
.07
.03

.03

.04

.01

1.31
.48
.04

.02
.01

.01

2.06
.41
.04
.03
. 01
. 20
. 05

.21

.05
.04
.04
.17
.08

.00

.00

.00

.12

1.47
.03

3.49
.17

2.25

.12

2.35
.04

8.19

7. 38

5.77

10.77

9.71

7.07

3.94

3.91

3.63

3.11

2. 98

1.97

4.20

4.03

2.42

1.33

1.41

1.24

.05

.13

.02
.01
.00
.01
.01

.00
.01
.01

.01

.61

.48

.04

.03

.02
.46
.20
.01
.01
.00

.10
.01
.01

.00
.01

.00
.00

.05

.11
.01
.01

.08

.03

.03

. 16
. 16

.19
.19

.16
.16

. 15
. 15

2.88
.01

2. 74

3.99

3.84

.01

.02
.01

1.68

.14

.16

.03
.19

.17

,01

.00
.21
.00

.25
1.51

.23
1. 41

.19
.60

.01
2.22
.00

. 18

.39

.38
2. 15

.31
.92

.07
.03

. 06

.09

.08

.05

.02
.01

.02
.01
.01

.03

.06

.05

.04

.10
.00
.00

.05

. 06

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce

.16
.16

Other operatives, exc transport
Asbestos,insulation workers
Assemblers
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Drillers, earth
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Furnace tendr,stokr,exc metal
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

.07

.00

.01
.02

.00

.00

.01
.02
.00
.02

.02
.01

.01
.02
.20
.02
.01

.18
.30

. 17
.31

5.07
3.57
.05

4. 40
3. 27
.06
. 03
1. 04

3.80
3.40
.07

1.10
.86

.23

.02

1.42
1.58

1. 50

1.34
.72
.62

1. 27
.72
.55

. 12

.02
.02
.22

.03

.00
.11

.18

.02

.31

. 11

.00
.02
.01

.05
.04

.01

.53
,32
.15

.01

.01

.01
.02
.01
.10
.01

.04
.29

.01
.01

.24
.35
6.57
4.59
.06
.03
1.89

.01

.04
.25

.01
.00
.22

.14
. 14

.15
.15

.18
.18

.27
.27

2.23

1.07

1.09
.03

.78
.08
. 15

.00

.01
.01
.02

.06
.03
.03
.26

4.66
4.21
.07

1.37

.38

.02
.66

.02

.01

.68

. 17

. 16

.01

.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
-12

5.68
4.21
.07

1. 12

.07
.05

.03
.06

.36

1.38

.08

.01
.10
.01
.01
.34
.01

.01
.00
.11
.22

1.87

.05
.03

275

.08

.09

1.61
.98
.62

. 02

.01

.00
.01
.02
.02

.01
.02
.01

.08
.03

.01

.18

.01
.00

1.95

.01
.02
.01

.02
.01

.01

.12
.01
.01

.01
.01
.11

1.65
.97

.02
.02
.01

.01

.05

.05

.01

.00
.01
.02

. 08




.04
4.38
.31
.08
.03
-05

1.35
. 08

2.17

.01

,00
.01

Food service workers
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

3.38
.63
.07

6.02

.01

.23
.04

.01

.00
.01

Cleaning service workers
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons

2.07
.72
.06

.01

.02
.01
.00
.01
.01

Semiskilled metalworking
Punch,stamping press operatives
Solderers
Welders and flamecutters

Service workers

.01

.73
.39

.21
.03
.03

.01
.11
.03
.01

.03
.03
.09

.22

2-61
1.90
.03

.12
.01
.01
.31
.01

.03
.04

.00
.01
.00
.01
.00
.12
.03
.02
.10
.24
2.50
1.87
.05
.03
.55

. 17

.00

. 00
.07

.01
.00
.03
.00
.01
.00
.01
.00

. 16
.05

.00

. 10
. 12
2.39
2.06
.07
.05

.21

■
o
o

Other crafts, kindred workers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Glaziers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Piano,organ tuners, repairers
Stationary engineers
Tailors
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

1978

.95

.6 3

.83
.32
.51

.77
.32
.45

.42

.04

.05

.04

.00
.01
.00
.01
.02
.00

.00
.01
.00
.01
.01
.00

.20
.21

.00
.01
.00
.02
.01
.00

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation

1970, 1978 and projected 1990

Furntre and
appliance
stores
1970

Personal service workers
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes
Protective service workers
Guards
Laborers, except farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




1978

.07

. 06

Home
furnishings

Household
appliances,
tv,radio

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.03

.08

.06

-05

.00
.01
.02
.01
.01

.05

.00
.01
.02
.02
.01

.04

.00
.01
.01
.01
.01

.01
.00
.01
.00
.01

.04

.03

.01
.00
.02
.01
.02

.04

.00
.02

.02
.01
.00
.01
.00
.01

.06
.06

. 06
.06

.07
.07

.05
.05

.05
.05

.03
.03

.07
.06

.08
.08

. 14
. 14

2.69
. 11
.13
1.2 2
.03
.58

2. 55
. 09
. 11
1. 16
. 04
.56

1.93

3.43
.18
.05
1.70

3.28
. 15
.04
1. 65
.03
.57

2.50
. 19

1.46

1.47

1.00
.01

1.28
.03

.01

.22
.01

.25
.41
.05
.53

.44
.06
.54

.09
.37
.04
.23

.75
.08

.71
.04

.15
.06

. 17
.05

.04

.01
.00

.03

.01

.01

.53
.08

.12

.05
.94
.03

.01
.00

.00

.01

.22
.01

.02
.62
.01

.52
. 06

.52
.04

.76
.09

276

.01
.00

.03

.02

.01

.00

.01
.21

.00

.00
.21

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Eating and
drinking
places
*0
7

Total all occupations

Misc
retail
trade

1978

1990

,00 100.00

1CC.00

1970

1978

1.53

1.47

8.24

8.08

Engineers,technical
Mechanical
Sales
Other engineers

.01
,00
,00
,00

. 01
. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.07

.06

Life and physical scientists
Agric ultural
Biological

,00
.00
.00

. 01

.00
.00
.00

Mathematical specialists
Statisticians

.00
,00
.00
.00
,00
.00

Engineering,science technicians
Agricultural,biolgcl,exc health
Drafters
Other engineering,science tecu

.00
.00
.00
.01

.00
,00

Computer specialists
Computer prog tamers
Computer systems analysts
Social scientists
Economists

.01
.00
,00
.00
,00

Teachers
Adult education
Other teachers

,01
,00
.01

. 00

.01
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

Writers,artists,entertainers
Actors
Athletes and kindred workers
Authors
Dancers
Designers
Editors and reporters
Musicians and composers
Painters and sculptors
Photographers
Public relations specialists
Other writers,artists,entertain

.77

1. 13

1.09

Other professional and technical
Accountants
Archivists and curators
Lawyers
Librarians
Operations and systems research
Personnel,labcr relations wkrs
Other research workers
Managers,officials,proprietors




,01
,00
,00
.11
.00
.00
.50

,00
.00
.02
.12
,22
.11
.00
.01
,00
,00

.03

.04

.04

. 03

.03
.03

.04
.03

.03

.01
.00
.01
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01

.02
.00
.02
.01
.01
.01
.00
.00
.01

21.33
.07

23.11
.05

.14

.01

.05

Technicians,except health
Other technicians except health

.00
.00
.03

.02
.01

.09
6.67
.04

. 00

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01

.00
.00
.00

. 00

.00

. 00

.00

.01
.00
.00

.02
.00
.00
.13
.00
.00

. 12
. 00

.00

.72
. 00

.72

.00
.00

.00

.04

.04
.18

.34
. 18

.34

.22

.00

.22
.00

.03

.05

.04

.05

.01

.01
.02

. 01

6. 24
.01
.00
.12

.01
-02
.01
6.40

.00
.01

.01
.01

.01
.01
22.88

.00
.00

.03

.00

.03

.02
.02
.02
.00
.00

.02

22. 19

.02
.02
.02

21.08
.14

.01
.00

.01
.00

.05

.04

.03

.03

.04

.04

.02
.01

.02
.02

.02
.00
.02
.01
.01

.02
.02

.03
.03

.04
.04

.01
.01

.02
.02

.03
.03

.07
.04

.02

. 10
.05
.04

. 10
.05
.04

.05
.04

.07
.05

.02

.07
.06

.02

.03
.03

.05
.05

.06
.06
.09

.13

. 16
.03
.13

.06

.02
.01
.00
.00
.00

.03
.03

.15

.01
.01
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.48

.70

.00
.07
.01
.00

.70

.00
.06
.01
.00

.15

.18

.15

.18
.03

.25
. 04

-23
.04

.04
.04

.23
.05
.06

.25
.03
.06

.62
.36
.06
.03

.56
.33
.04
.03

.00
.01

.03

.01
.02

.02

.00
.05
.00
.00
.00
.12
.01

.50
.30
.04

.00

. 12

.07

.00

.47

12.94

11.24

17.79

277

.00
.00

.02
.01
.00
.00

.05

.14
6.18
.04

,00

.09

.00
.00

.05

6.04
.04

.01
.01
.01
.12
.01

.00
.00

22.93

.03

.03
. 00

Health technologists,technicians
Clinical lab technologists,tech
Other health technicians

23.91

. 03

6.84

.00
. 00
.00
.00
.00
.00

21.98

.04

.05

.00

100.00 100.00 100.00

.00
.00

. 03

.00

1990

.00
.00

.01
.02
.01

,02
.00
,02
.00
.00
,00
.00
,00
.00
,00
.00

Medical workers,exc technicians
Dentists
Dietitians
Optometrists
Pharmacists
Physicians and osteopaths
Registered nurses
Therapists

1978

.01
.01

.00
.00
.00

. 00

8. 13

1970

.01
.01
.02

.01
.02

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
.00

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

,04

Professional and technical

Drug
stores

.00
.02

.00

.00
.01

.01
.01

.00

.02

.00

.01

.01

.00
.06
.00
.00
.01
.02
.00

.00
.05
.00
.00
.02
.03
.00

.04

.06

.00
.02
.00
.33

.04

.00

.03

.04

.41
.26

.36
.25

.00

.01

.01
.01
.10
.01

.00
.00
.12
.00

21.78

20.37

6.00

6.20

. 13

.00
.01
.00
.00
.02
.04
.00

.00

.21
.00
.01
.00
.00
.10
.00

.01
.01

21.97
. 15

.00

.03

.00

.00
.02
.00
.00

.08

.00

4.29

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Eating and
drinking
places

Misc
retail
trade

Drug
stores

1970

Buyers,sales,lcan managers
Bank, financial managers
Credit managers
Buyers,wholesale, retail trade
Sales manager, retail trade

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.25

. 32

.33

2.87
.04
.17
1.07
1.59

2.95
.04
.09
1.13
1.69

3. 18
.03
.05
1.15
1.95

1.66

1.49
.03

1. 15

.02

.01
.02

.63
.81

.68

18.83
. 48
.06
18.29

17. 19
.56
.04
16.59

4.34
.08

4.71
.09

4.14

4.52

3. 14
.08
.05
3.00

.02
.01

.02
.01

.01
.02
.12

.03
.03
.75
.84

.09
.14

. 12
. 18

Other managers,officials,proprts
Office managers, other
Restaurant,cafe,bar,managers
Other managers, administrators

15.22
.04
15.18

12.62
.07
12. 55
. 00

10.91
.09
1C.83

.00

14.92
.44
-07
14.41

Sales workers
Advertising agents,sales worker
Auctioneers
Newspaper carriers and vendors
Other sales workers

1.30

1.60
. 00

1.99

33.89

34. 39
.05

. 00
1.59

1.99

30.50
.04
.08
. 17
30.22

31.04
.04

1.30

30.22
.04
.09
. 10
30.00

34.21

.07
.08
33.72

34.19

31.00

34.34

Clerical workers

5.76

8. 10

8.76

16.35

16.59

18.11

20.36

22.74

24.45

.38
.33

.45
.40

.41
.35

2.61
1.91
.03

2.65
2.03

3.04
2.38

1.46
.74

1.54
.83

1.83
1.05

.05

.05

.06

.66

.60

.63

.71

.70

.76

.08

. 11
. 01

.29
.04

.02
.11

. 14
. 01

.04

.25
.04
.03
.05
.13

.25

.04

.32
.08
.03
.05
. 13
.03

.22

.01

.11
.01
.01

13.43
.17
4.60
4.75
.07
.05
.25
.09
.16
.03
.18

13.65
. 19
4.40
5.13
.09
.05
.28
.07
. 19
.04
.15

.06
.07
.37
.42
.13
.96
•08

.05
.08
.37
. 43
. 15

Stenographrs,t ypists,secretaries
Other secretaries
Stenographers
Typists
Office machine operators
Bookkeeping and billing
Calculating
Computer and peripheral eguip
Keypunch
Other office machine operators
Other clerical workers
Billing clerks
Bookkeepers
Cashiers
Clerical supervisors, other
Collectors, bill and account
Counter clerks,exc food
Dispatchers,sfarters,vehicle
Estimators,investigators,other
Expediters,production controlrs
Pile clerks
Hail handlers,exc post office
Messengers and office helpers
Payroll,timekeeping clerks
Receptionists
Shipping and receiving clerks
Statistical clerks
Stock clerks and store keepers
Telephone operators
Weighers
Misc clerical workers
Crafts and kindred workers

.00

.00
.00
.00

.00

.01
.01
.01
.02

.00
.00
.00

.00

.00

.00

.02

.01

.03

. 04

.03

5.30

7.54

8.25

.01

.84
3.89

.02
.00
.12
.01
.03
.01
.02
.01
.01

.05
.04
.03

.02
.02
.00

.09

.09

.01
1. 01

5.78
. 03
. 00
. 15
. 01
.05

.01

. 02
. 01
. 01
. 09
. 05
. 04
. 03
. 10
. 02
. 00
. 12

.01
.90
6.66
.03
.00
-10
.02
.03
.02
.03
.01
.01
.10
.04
.05
.04
.09

.02
.00
.10

.02

.02

.09
.03

.01

.03

.02

.09
.04

.02

.12

.02
.00
.00

.01

.01

18.64

.74

.06
.03
.82

14.86
.27
4.01
6.45
.09
.05
.34
.05
.15
.06
. 13
.19
.03
.09
.40
.52
.16
.82
.05
.03
.96

.21

.02

.20

.86

.11

.00
.00

.01

.02
.02
.11
.10
.00

.44

.00
.00

.02

.01

.09
.04

.00

3.64
11.31
.03

20.95
.13
3.75
13.62
.04

22.48
- 14
3.75
15.73
.04

.25

.26

.24

.12

.01

.01
.10
.01

.17
.35
.03
.08

.01

.02

.01
.11
.01

.02

.15
.34

. 14
-23

.02
.10

.01

.06

.01

.39
.09
1.40
.05

1.19
.04

. 11
.03
.63
.09
.67
.04

.50

.53

.52

.10

.00

.08
.44

.11

.00

.00

.63

. 85

.83

7.82

8.77

9. 88

.70

.85

.97

.09
.05

. 11
. 06

.10

-40
.15
-03
.04
-03

.40
. 15
.04
.04
.03

.09
.05

.08
.05

.06
.03

.05
.06

.06
.05

.40
.09
.06
.07
.03
.03
.06
.04

Construction crafts workers
Carpenters and apprentices
Brick,stonemasons, apprentices
Bulldozer operators
Electricians and apprentices
Excavating,grading mach operatr
Painters and apprentices
Plumbers,pipefitters,aprentices
Tile setters

.00
.00

Blue collar worker supervisors

.10




.18

.00
.00
.01
.00

.03

.00
.00

.04

.00

.00
.00
.02
.00

.04

.05

. 01

.02

.02

.00
.00

.00
.00

.01

.01

. 17

.22

.60

.70

278

.02

.00
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.02
.00
.00

.00
.00
.02
.00
.01
.00
.00

.73

.37

.46

.57

Table 1. Percent distribution of ind

ry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
retail
trade

Drug
stores

97 0

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

Metalworkg craft wrkrs,exc rnech
Machinists and apprentices
Sheetmetal workers, apprentices
Tool and diemakers, apprentices

.01
.00
.00
.00

.01
. 00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.02
.02
.00

.06

.06
.03

.07
.03

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Mechanics,repairers,installers
Air cond, heating, refrig raech
Auto mechanics and apprentices
Data processirg mach repairers
Farm implement mechanics
Heavy eguip mech, incl diesel
Household appliance mechanics
Office machine repairers
Radio, television repairers
Other mechanics and apprentices

.11
.01
.02
.00
.00
.04
.00
.00
.00

. 17

.17

.09

. 12

.00

.02
.02
.00
.00
.10
.00
.00
.00

.04

. 05

.04

Printing trade crafts workers
Compositors and typesetters
Engravers exc photoengravers
Press,plate printers,aprentices

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

Transport,public util craft wkrs

.00

o
o
•

o
o

Eating and
drinking
places

Other crafts, kindred workers
Bakers
Cabinetmakers
Carpet installers
Crane,derrick,hoist operator
Decorators, window dressers
Furniture and wood finishers
Inspectors, other
Jewelers and watchmakers
Opticians,lens grinder,polisher
Shoe repairers
Sign painters and letterers
Stationary engineers
Stone cutters, stone carvers
Upholsterers
Other crafts workers

.31
.29

.39
.36

.34
.31

.08

.03
. 00

.00
.07
.00

. 00

. 00

.00

. 00

.00

2.51
.63

2.63

.03
.24

. 18
.03
.05
.33
. 17
.71

3.27
.55
.17
.06
.07
.42
. 13
1.26

.48

.59

.21

.14
.03
.07

.20
.02
.21

.78
.03
.37
.19
.06

.66

.02

.06
. 12

.02

.10
.02
.01

.01

.02
.01

4.07

4.76

5.27

.06

.06

1.98
.06

2.41
.08

.02

.02
.01
2.91
.10
.02

1.15
.56

1. 15
.77

1.09
.84

.08

.09

.01

.04

.02

.07

.09

.01

.02

.01

.07

.01
.01
.00
.00
.02
.01
.00
.01
.00
.03

.01
.01
.00
.00
.03
.01
.00
.01
.00

.04
.03

.02
.00
.01

.00
.01

•
o
o

.02

.02
.01

.00

.14

.18

.03

.03

. 13

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00
.00

.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00
.00

3. 10

1. 50

1.45

7.60

6.88

6. 14

3.64

3.41

. 00
. 00

.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.01

.01
.02
.02

.01

.01
.01

.00
.01
.02

. 16

.01
.02
.02
.00
.05
.00
.00

.01
.01
.01
.00
.09
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.00

.02
.00
.00

.01
.01

.07
.04

.00
.02

.01
.01
.01
.00
.06
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00

.01

.00
.00
.00
.03
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 00
. 00

.02
.01
.00
.00
.06
.02
.00
.02
.00

o
o

Operatives

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

. 00

.02
.00

.03

.01
.01
.02

.03

Operatives,except transport

.51

. 68

.46

1.47

1.77

1.99

.27

.28

.24

Semiskilled metalworking
Welders and flamecutters

.00
.00

. 00

.00

.00
.00

.05
.04

.05
.04

.06
.05

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00

Semiskilled packing, inspecting
Packer,wrapper,exc meat,prodce
Produce grdr,pkrs,exc fact,farm

.13
.13

. 18
. 18

.19
.19

.32
.30

.33
.31

.29
.28

.14
.14

.14
.14

. 16
. 16




.00

.00

279

.00

.02

.02

.01

.00

.00

.00

Table

Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation, 1970, 1978 and projected 1990
Misc
retail
trade

Eating and
drinking
places

Drug
stores

1970

Other operatives, exc transport
Bottling,canning operatives
Clothing ironers and pressers
Cutting operatives, other
Dressmakers, exc factory
Filer,polisher,sander,buffer
Garage wrkr,gas station atten
Laundry,dry cleang oprs,other
Meat cutters,butchers,exc mfg
Mixing operatives
Oilers,greasers,exc automobiles
Painters, mfg articles
Photographic process workers
Sawyers
Sewers and stitchers
Winding operatives, other
Miscellaneous machine operatves
Other operatives,exc transport
Transport equipment operatives
Bus drivers
Delivery and route workers
Fork lift,tow motor operatives
Parking attendants
Taxicab drivers, chauffeurs
Truck drivers

1978

1990

1970

1978

1990

.39

.50
. 00
. 00
.00

.27

1.10
.00
.01
.02

1.40

1.63

.03
. 11
.05
.04

.04
.03

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.05

.01

.13

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.12

.06
.57

.00
.37
.01

.00
.00
.00
.01
.00

.01
.01
.05
.11

1978

.14

.14

1990

.08

.01

.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.05
.04

.34
.32

.44
.42

.50
.48

.04
.05

.04
.06

.03
.03

1.00
.00
.5 9
.00

6.13

5.11

4.16

3.37

3.13

2.86
.01

3.56
.07

3.00
.09

.01

.00
. 05

.04

.01

.01
.12
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00

. 16
. 00
. 00
. 00

.00

. 00

.00

. 00
. 18
. 07
. 82
. 00
.51

.00
.01

1970

.08
.05
.05

.00
.01
.12
.01
.01

.01
.01

.05

.05

.00
.02
.00

.00
.01

. 17

.00
.02
.01

.23

.01
.02
.05
.01
.04

.00
.00
.00
.00
. 00

.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00

.13

. 22

.35

2.46

1.98

.01
2.86
.10
.01
.01
1. 18

.17

.17

. 13

7 4.50

73. 17

73.97

4.45

3.58

3.01

9.49

8.15

7.23

1.77
.19
.63
.95

2. 03
. 12
.76
1. 15

1.46
.06
.47
.93

.86
.01

.01

.01

.59

.95

.92

.64

.35
.49

.36
. 44

.30
. 29

.33
.61

.34
.58

.25
.39

71.95
5.59
2.81
17.26
4.44
5.43
31.95
4.47

70.36
5.55
3.73
18.98
3. 72
6. 66
27. 39
4.35

71.88
5.75
4.31
21.34
4.10
7.39
25.17
3.81

3.01

2.09
. 12
.03

1.93

8.26

6.93

6.34
.00

.05
. 14
.05
1.35
.28
.04

.08
.94
.33
3.80
2.97
.14

.08
.73

.10

.08
.46
. 15
4.69
. 92
.06

Health service workers
Health aides, except nursing
Nursing aides and orderlies

.02
.01
.01

.01

. 03
. 01

.02
.01
.01

.06
.05

Personal service workers
Attendants,recreation,amusement
Attendants,personal serv,other
Child care workers, exc private
Elevator operators
Hairdressers and cosmetologists
Housekeepers, exc private homes

.02
.12
.01
.00
.00

.69
.03
. 12

.55
.03
.09

. 00
. 00
.52

.42

.02

Protective service workers
Guards
Police and detectives

.05
.05

. 07
. 07
. 00

.06
.06

.00

.10
.09
.01

.24

. 32
. 00
. 00
. 01
.07
.03
. 14
. 03

.30

3.87

Service workers
Cleaning service workers
Lodging gtrs cleaners,exc privt
Bldg interior cleaners, other
Janitors and sextons
Food service workers
Bartenders
Waiters* assistants
Cooks,exc private households
Dishwashers
Food counter,fountain workers
Waiters
Other food serv wkrs,exc privt

Laborers, except farm
Animal caretakers, exc farm
Carpenter helpers
Constr labr,exc carpenter helpr
Freight and material handlers
Gardenrs,groundkeepers,exc farm
Stock handlers
Vehicle washers,equip cleaners
Warehouse laborers, other
Other laborers




.05

.01

.72

.55

.00

.00
.00
.01
.05

.02

. 10

.02
.01
.02

.01

.07

.05

.01

.02

.01

.01
.00
.00

.00
.00
.00

.07
.04

.01

.11
.03
.02

. 03

.03

280

.00

.01
.02

.21

.03
.33
. 11

.01

.01
.01

.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.00
.01
.00
.00
.00
.02
.00
.00
.00

.01
.02

.81

.22

.06

1.22

1.10

1.05
.06

.52
.04

.00

.43

.00
.01
.01

.03
.35

.12
.01

.05
.62
.27
1.89
.03
. 17
.70

. 05
.05

.02

.01

3.09
.08

.00
.02

.00

.00

.01
2.84
.10
.00
.02

.00

.00
.21

4.06
1.76

2.62
.09

.00
.01

.00

.10
.00

.00

.00

.04
.04

.14
.14

.16
.16

. 10

.53

.37

.07

.06

.03

.00

. 01
. 00
.03
.47

.01
.10

.09

.01

.00

.01
.02
.01
.01
.32
.01

.00
.00
.01
.01
.01

.05

.03

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01
.01

.08
.08

.07
.06

.09
.07

. 12
. 10

3.71

2.63

.00

.01

4.11
. 17

3.86
. 19

3.63

.05
.71
.29
1.96
.03
. 17
-71

.05
.81
.29
1.64
.04
.14

.01

.00

-02

.68

.00
.00
.00
.11

.01
.01

3.32
.16

.01

.00
.00
.00
.01
.01

.01

.00
.00
.00
.11
.01
3.39
.01
.17
.01

.01

.00
.00

. 00
. 09
.02
2.28

.02
.20
.02

Table 1. Percent distribution of industry employment by occupation# 1970# 1978 and projected 1990
Liquor
stores
1970

Total all occupations
Professional and technical

1978

Farm,
gardn suply
stores
1990

100.00 100. 00 100.00

1970

1978

Jewelry
stores

1990

100.00 100.00 100.00

1970

1978

100.00 100.00 100.00

.34

. 46

.48

1.28

1.60

1.62

1.07

1.33

Engineers,technical
Sales

.00
.00

.00
.00

.00
.00