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FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF N E W
Fiscal Agent of the United States

YORK

[

S°*xSs4 ]

Public Notice of Offering of $1,300,000,000, or thereabouts, of 91-Day Treasury Bills
Dated September 6, 1945

Maturing December 6, 1945

To all Incorporated Banks and Trust Companies in the
Second Federal Reserve District and Others Concerned:

Following is the text of a notice today made public by the Treasury Department with respect to a new offering of Treasury
bills payable at maturity without interest to be sold on a discount basis under competitive and fixed-price bidding.
FOR RELEASE, MORNING NEWSPAPERS,
Tuesday, August 28, 1945.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT
Washington

The Secretary of the Treasury, by this public notice, invites tenders for $1,300,000,000, or thereabouts, of 91-day Treasury
bills, to be issued on a discount basis under competitive and fixed-price bidding as hereinafter provided. The bills of this
series will be dated September 6, 1945, and will mature December 6, 1945, when the face amount will be payable without interest.
They will be issued in bearer form only, and in denominations of $1,000, $5,000, $10,000, $100,000, $500,000, and $1,000,000
(maturity value).
Tenders will be received at Federal Reserve Banks and Branches up to the closing hour, two o'clock p.m., Eastern
war time, Friday, August 31, 1945. Tenders will not be received at the Treasury Department, Washington. Each tender
must be for an even multiple of $1,000, and the price offered must be expressed on the basis of 100, with not more than
three decimals, e. g., 99.925. Fractions may not be used. It is urged that tenders be made on the printed forms and forwarded
in the special envelopes which will be supplied by Federal Reserve Banks or Branches on application therefor.
Tenders will be received without deposit from incorporated banks and trust companies and from responsible and
recognized dealers in investment securities. Tenders from others must be accompanied by payment of 2 percent of the
face amount of Treasury bills applied for, unless the tenders are accompanied by an express guaranty of payment by an
incorporated bank or trust company.
Immediately after the closing hour, tenders will be opened at the Federal Reserve Banks and Branches, following which
public announcement will be made by the Secretary of the Treasury of the amount and price range of accepted bids. Those
submitting tenders will be advised of the acceptance or rejection thereof. The Secretary of the Treasury expressly reserves
the right to accept or reject any or all tenders, in whole or in part, and his action in any such respect shall be final. Subject
to these reservations, tenders for $200,000 or less from any one bidder at 99.905 entered on a fixed-price basis will be accepted
in full. Payment of accepted tenders at the prices offered must be made or completed at the Federal Reserve Bank in cash
or other immediately available funds on September 6, 1945.
The income derived from Treasury bills, whether interest or gain from the sale or other disposition of the bills, shall
not have any exemption, as such, and loss from the sale or other disposition of Treasury bills shall not have any special
treatment, as such, under Federal tax Acts now or hereafter enacted. The bills shall be subject to estate, inheritance, gift,
or other excise taxes, whether Federal or State, but shall be exempt from all taxation now or hereafter imposed on the
principal or interest thereof by any State, or any of the possessions of the United States, or by any local taxing authority.
For purposes of taxation the amount of discount at which Treasury bills are originally sold by the United States shall be
considered to be interest. Under Sections 42 and 117 (a) (1) of the Internal Revenue Code, as amended by Section 115 of
the Revenue Act of 1941, the amount of discount at which bills issued hereunder are sold shall not be considered to accrue
until such bills shall be sold, redeemed or otherwise disposed of, and such bills are excluded from consideration as capital
assets. Accordingly, the owner of Treasury bills (other than life insurance companies) issued hereunder need include in
his income tax return only the difference between the price paid for such bills, whether on original issue or on subsequent
purchase, and the amount actually received either upon sale or redemption at maturity during the taxable year for which
the return is made, as ordinary gain or loss.
Treasury Department Circular No. 418, as amended, and this notice, prescribe the terms of the Treasury bills and
govern the conditions of their issue. Copies of the circular may be obtained from any Federal Reserve Bank or Branch.

In accordance with the above announcement tenders will be received at the Securities Department of this bank (9th
floor, 33 Liberty Street) New York 7, N. Y., or at the Buffalo Branch of this bank (270 Main Street) Buffalo 5, N. Y.,
up to two o'clock p.m., Eastern war time, on Friday, August 31, 1945. It is requested that tenders be submitted
on special form printed on reverse side and returned in special envelope enclosed herewith. Payment for the Treasury
bills cannot be made by credit through the War Loan Deposit Account.
ately available funds.

\

Payment must be made in cash or other immedi-

'
S ^




A L L A N SPROUL,

President.

(OVER)

Tenders for this issue must reach the Federal Reserve Bank of New York or its Buffalo Branch not
later than 2 p.m., Eastern war time, Friday, August 31, 1945.
13W
I M P O R T A N T — I f it is desired to bid on a competitive basis, fill in rate per 100 and
maturity value in paragraph headed "Competitive B i d " . If it is desired to hid on a fixedprice basis, fill in only the maturity value in paragraph headed "Fixed-Price Bid".
DO NOT fill in both paragraphs on one form. A separate tender must be used for each bid.

No.
T E N D E R FOR 91-DAY T R E A S U R Y
Dated September 6, 1945.

BILLS

Maturing December 6, 1945.

Dated at
T o

FEDERAL

RESERVE

BANK

OF

N E W

1945

YORK,

Fiscal Agent of the United States.
COMPETITIVE BID

FIXED-PRICE B I D

Pursuant to the provisions of Treasury
Department Circular N o . 418, as amended, and
to the provisions of the public notice on
A u g u s t 28, 1945, as issued b y the Secretary of
the Treasury, the undersigned offers to pay

Pursuant to the provisions o f Treasury
Department Circular N o . 418, as amended, and to
the provisions of the public notice on A u g u s t
28, 1945, as issued b y the Secretary of the T r e a s ury, the undersigned offers to pay a
fixed-price
of 99.905 (rate per 100) f o r a total amount of

( R a t e per 100)

* f o r a total amount of

$

$
(maturity value)
of the Treasury bills therein described, or f o r
any less amount that m a y be awarded, payment
therefor to be made at y o u r bank in cash or other
immediately available funds on the date stated
in the public notice.

(maturity value)

( N o t to e x c e e d $200,000)

of the Treasury bills therein described, payment
therefor to be made at y o u r bank in cash or other
immediately available funds on the date stated
in the public notice.

T h e Treasury bills f o r which tender is hereby made are to be dated September 6, 1945, and are to mature
on D e c e m b e r 6, 1945.
This tender will be inserted

in special envelope

entitled "Tender

for Treasury

Name of Bidder.
By

bills."

(Please print)

(Official signature

required)

(Title)

Street Address
( C i t y , T o w n or V i l l a g e , P.O. No., and

State)

If this tender is submitted for the account of a customer, indicate the customer's name on line below:
( N a m e of

Customer)

(City, T o w n or Village, P.O. No., and

State)

Use a separate tender for each customer's bid.
IMPORTANT

INSTRUCTIONS:

1. No tender for less than $1,000 will be considered, and each tender must be for an even multiple of
$1,000 (maturity value). A separate tender must be executed for each bid.
2. If the person making the tender is a corporation, the tender should be signed by an officer of the corporation
authorized to make the tender, and the signing of the tender by an officer of the corporation will be construed as a representation by him that he has been so authorized. If the tender is made by a partnership, it should be signed by a member of the firm, who should sign in the form "
.*
a copartnership, by
a member of the firm."
3. Tenders will be received without deposit from incorporated banks and trust companies and from responsible and recognized dealers in investment securities. Tenders from others must be accompanied by payment/lft^
2 percent of the face amount of Treasury bills applied for, unless the tenders are accompanied by an express guaranty
of payment by an incorporated bank or trust company.
4. If the language of this tender is changed in any respect, which, in the opinion of the Secretary of the
Treasury, is material, the tender may be disregarded.
Payment


http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/
TENTB-792-a
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

by credit through War Loan Deposit Account

will not be

permitte

* Price must be expressed on the basis of 100, with not more than
three decimal places. Fractions may not be used.
(OVER)




BOARD OF GOVERNORS
of the
FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM

CONSUMER CREDIT
•v

REGULATION W
As Amended Effective June 11, 1945

INQUIRIES REGARDING THIS REGULATION
Any inquiry relating to this regulation should be addressed
to the Federal Reserve Bank or Federal
Reserve branch bank of the district
in which the inquiry arises.




FOREWORD
(Not a part of the regulation)
This reprint of the regulation incorporates all amendments to and
including Amendment No. 16, effective June 11, 1945.
Regulation W, issued under authority of the President's Executive
Order of August 9, 1941, was revised, effective May 6, 1942, in
compliance with that part of the President's Special Message to Congress on April 27, 1942, which reads:
" T o keep the cost of living from spiraling upward we must
discourage credit and instalment buying, and encourage the paying off of debts, mortgages, and other obligations, for this promotes savings, retards excessive buying and adds to the amount
available to the creditors for the purchase of war bonds."
As revised, Regulation W applies to a comprehensive list of durable
and semi-durable goods for civilian consumption. The Regulation
extends to all types of consumer credit whether in the form of instalment sales and instalment loans or in the form of charge accounts and
single-payment loans.
Any inquiry relating to this regulation should be addressed to the
Federal Reserve Bank or the Federal Reserve branch bank of the
district in which the inquiry arises.







REGULATION W
CONSUMER CREDIT
CONTENTS
SEC.
SEC.

2 . DEFINITIONS

SEC.

3 . G E N E R A L REQUIREMENTS AND REGISTRATION

SEC.

4 . INSTALMENT SALES

SEC.

5 . C H A R G E ACCOUNTS

Page

] . SCOPE OF REGULATION

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(p)
(/)
(g)
(h)
(i)
( j)
Ik)
(а)
(б)
(c)
Id)

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)

Person
Extension of credit
Instalment credit
Sale
Instalment sale
Charge sale
Charge account
Instalment loan
Single-payment loan
Cash price
Registrant
General requirements
General license
Registration
Suspension of license

Down payment
Maximum maturity
Amounts and intervals of instalments
Statement of transaction
"Approvals," "Demonstrators," etc

(а)
(б)
(c)
Id)
Ie)

Maximum maturity
Restriction
Default
Curing defaults
Conversion of charge account into instalment credit prior
to default
(/) "Authorization" of small items
(g) Small defaults
(h) "Approvals," "Demonstrators," etc

SEC.

6 . INSTALMENT LOANS

SEC.

7 . SINGLE-PAYMENT LOANS

SEC.

8 . EXCEPTIONS

(a)
(6)
(c)
(d)

(o)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
if)

(o)
(6)
(c)
Id)
(e)
(J)
(g)
(h)




Instalment loans to purchase listed articles
Instalment loans not to purchase listed articles
Additional requirements
Statement of the borrower

Single-payment loans to purchase listed articles
Single-payment loans not to purchase listed articles
Renewals and extensions
Statement of the borrower
Loans payable on demand
Credit to retire obligations held elsewhere

Real estate loans
Security loans and credits
Educational, hospital, medical, dental, and funeral expenses..
Aircraft credits
Credit to dealers
Fire and casualty insurance premiums
Disaster credits
Agricultural loans

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5

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JO

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CONTENTS

(i) Business loans
(J) Insurance policy loans
.
...
(k) Credit to Governmental agencies and religious, educational
or charitable institutions
(I) Railroad watches
(m) Commodity Credit Corporation
(n) Loans to Indians
(0) Servicemen's guaranteed loans
SEC.

9. SEASONAL ADJUSTMENTS

(a) Intervals of payments
(b) Farmers and stock raisers
(c) Other persons with seasonal incomes

SEC.

10.

R E N E W A L S , REVISIONS, AND ADDITIONS OF INSTALMENT CREDIT

SEC.

1J. EVASIVE DEVICES PROHIBITED

(а)
(б)
(c)
(d)

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(?)

Renewals or revisions
Additions to outstanding credit held by Registrant
Credit to retire instalment obligations held elsewhere
Statement of necessity to prevent undue hardship

Evasive side agreements
Loans to make down payments
Side loan to make down payment on listed article
Purchase of article in lieu of trade-in
Coupon plans

SEC.

12.

SEC.

13. LISTED ARTICLES, D O W N PAYMENTS AND M A X I M U M CREDIT V A L U E S . .

SEC.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
(e)
(f)
(ig)
(h)
(1)
(j)
(k)
(Z)
(TO)
(n)
(o)

Clerical errors
Extension of credit for mixed purposes
Calculating maximum maturity of instalment contract
"Lay-away" plans
Contracts and obligations outstanding on September 1,1941.
Transactions subjected to regulation by amendment
Payments arising out of loans on pledged obligations
Preservation of records
Inspections and production of records
Transactions outside United States
Right of Registrant to impose stricter requirements
Sets and groups of articles
"Cycle billing"
Mail orders
Summer plans

(a) lasted articles
Group A
Group B
Group C
Group D
(b) Trade-in
(c) Down payment on automobiles and motorcycles
(d) Down payment where price is fixed by Federal authorities..
(e) Maximum amount of loan
(J) Fuel conservation credits

14. ENFORCEABILITY OF CONTRACTS




Page
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REGULATION W
As amended effective June 11, 1945

CONSUMER CREDIT
SECTION

1. S C O P L O P

REGULATION

This regulation is issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve System (hereinafter called the "Board") under authority of
section 5(b) of the Act of October 6, 1917, as amended, and Executive
Order No. 8843, dated August 9, 1941 (hereinafter called the "Executive Order").
The regulation applies, in general, to any person who is engaged in
the business of making extensions of instalment credit, extending credit
in charge accounts, making single-payment loans in amounts of $1,500
or less, or discounting or purchasing obligations arising out of such
extensions of credit. It applies whether the person so engaged is acting
as principal, agent, broker or otherwise, and whether the person is a
bank, loan company, or finance company, or a person who is so engaged in connection with any other business, such as by making such
extensions of credit as a dealer, retailer, or other person in connection
with the selling of consumers' durable or semi-durable goods.1
SECTION

2.

DEFINITIONS

For the purposes of this regulation, unless the context otherwise
requires:
(a) "Person" means an individual, partnership, association, or corporation.
(b) "Extension of Credit" means any loan or mortgage; any instalment purchase contract, any conditional sales contract, or any sale or
contract of sale under which part or all of the price is payable subsequent to the making of such sale or contract; any rental-purchase
contract, or any contract for the bailment or leasing of property under
which the bailee or lessee either has the option of becoming the owner
thereof or obligates himself to pay as compensation a sum substantially
equal to or in excess of the value thereof; any contract creating any
lien or similar claim on property to be discharged by the payment of
money or its equivalent; any purchase, discount, or other acquisition
of, or any extension of credit upon the security of, any obligation
1 Tlie Kxecutive Order defines ''consumers' durable fujod" ::s including "any good,
or used, which is durable or semi-durable and is used or usable for personal,'family
purposes, and any service connected with the acquisition of any such good or of
therein." Section 13(a) lists the consumers' durable and semi-durable goods within
the regulation.




whether new
or household
any interest
the scope of

5

6

REGULATION W 6

arising out of any of the foregoing; and any transaction or series of
transactions having a similar purpose or effect.
(c) "Instalment Credit" means an extension of credit which the
obligor undertakes to repay in two or more scheduled payments or as
to which the obligor undertakes to make two or more scheduled payments or deposits usable to liquidate the credit, or which has a similar
purpose or effect.
(d) "Sale" means a transfer of property for a price in money or its
equivalent which the buyer pays or promises to pay to the seller
for the thing bought or sold. It includes a lease, bailment, or other
transaction which is similar in purpose or effect to a sale.
(e) "Instalment Sale" means an instalment credit which is made,
as principal, agent or broker, by any seller of any consumers' durable
or semi-durable good listed in section 13(a) (hereinafter called a
"listed article") and which arises out of a sale of such listed article.
(/) "Charge Sale" means an extension of credit (other than instalment credit) which is made, as principal, agent or broker, by any
seller and which arises out of a sale of any article, whether listed or
unlisted.
(g) "Charge Account" means the indebtedness arising from charge
sales between the same seller and purchaser.
(h) "Instalment Loan" means an instalment credit, other than an
instalment sale, in the form of a loan which is in a principal amount
of $1,500 or less; but the definition does not include any loan upon the
security of any obligation which arises out of any instalment sale or
instalment loan.
(i) "Single-payment Loan" means an extension of credit in the form
of a loan to one or more individuals (other than a partnership), which
is repayable in a single payment whether on demand or on a fixed or
determinable future date, and which is in a principal amount of $1,500
or less; but the definition does not include (1) a loan made for business
purposes to a business enterprise which is not for the purpose of purchasing a listed article, (2) a loan for agricultural purposes to a person engaged in agriculture which is not for the purpose of purchasing
a listed article or (3) any loan upon the security of any obligation
which arises out of any instalment sale, instalment loan, charge account
or single-payment loan.
( j ) "Cash Price" means the bona fide cash purchase price of an
article, including the bona fide cash purchase price of any accessories,
any bona fide delivery, installation and service charges (other than
interest, finance or insurance charges), and any applicable sales taxes.
(k) "Registrant" means a person who is licensed pursuant to section 3.




REGULATION
SECTION

3.

GENERAL

7

W

REQUIREMENTS

AND

REGISTRATION

(a) General Requirements.—No person engaged in the business of
making instalment sales,2 charge sales of listed articles, instalment
loans, or single-payment loans, or engaged in the business of lending
on the security of or discounting or purchasing obligations arising out
of such extensions of credit, shall make or receive any payment which
constitutes or arises directly or indirectly out of any such extension
of credit made by him or out of any such obligation lent on or discounted or purchased by him, except on the following conditions:
(1) He must be licensed pursuant to this section;
(2) He must not make or receive any such payment in connection with an extension of credit made by him if he knew or had
reason to know when he made such extension of credit any fact by
reason of which it failed to comply with any requirement of this
regulation applicable thereto;
(3) He must not make or receive any such payment in connection with any obligation which he has purchased or discounted
or has accepted as collateral if, at the timie he purchased or discounted such obligation or accepted it as collateral, it showed on
its face a failure to comply with such requirements or if he knew
any fact by reason of which the extension of credit giving rise to
the obligation failed to comply with such requirements; and
(4) He must not make or receive any such payment in connection with an obligation arising out of an extension of credit which
he has renewed, revised or consolidated, if he knew or had reason
to know when he renewed, revised or consolidated it any fact
by reason of which such renewal, revision or consolidation resulted in a failure to comply with such requirements.
(b) General License.—Whenever this regulation is amended so
that any person who was not formerly subject to section 3(a) becomes
subject thereto, such person is hereby granted a general license; but
Buch general license shall terminate at the end of the second full calendar month after the month in which the amendment becomes effective unless such person has registered in the manner provided in section
3(c) before such termination, except that the general license of a person who is required to be licensed solely because he makes charge
sales of listed articles or makes single-payment loans shall not terminate until the expiration of the time within which the Board shall, by
public announcement, require such person to register.
Any person whose license is not suspended may become licensed by
registering in the manner provided in section 3(c).
* It is to be noted that the term "instalment sale" includes only instalment credit arising out of
the sale of listed articles.




8

REGULATION W 8

(c) Registration.—Registration may be accomplished by filing, with
the Federal Reserve Bank or any branch thereof in the district in
which the main office of the Registrant is located, a registration statement on forms obtainable from any Federal Reserve Bank or branch.
(d) Suspension of License. 3 —The license of any Registrant may,
after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing, be suspended by
the Board, in its entirety or as to particular activities or particular
offices or for specified periods, on any of the following grounds:
(1) Any material misstatement or omission willfully or negligently made in the registration statement;
(2) Any willful or negligent failure to comply with any pro
vision of this regulation or any requirement of the Board pursuant
thereto.
A license which is suspended for a specified period will again become
effective upon the expiration of such period. A license which is suspended indefinitely may be restored by the Board, in its discretion,
if the Board is satisfied that its restoration would not lead to further
violations of this regulation and would not be otherwise incompatible
with the public interest.
SECTION

4. I N S T A L M E N T

SALES

Except as otherwise permitted by this regulation, each instalment
sale shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) Down Payment.—The down payment shall not be less than
one-third of the cash price of the listed article, except that:
(1) In the case of pianos and furniture as defined in Group B
of section 13(a), the down payment need not be more than onefifth of the cash price;
(2) In the case of articles listed in Group C of section 1 3 ( a ) ,
no down payment is required; and
(3) In the case of articles the cash price of which is $10.00 or
less, no down payment is required.
In any case involving a used automobile, any article for which the
Federal price authorities have prescribed a maximum retail price,
or any article on which there is a trade-in by the purchaser, the amount
of the down payment must be computed in accordance with the applicable provisions of section 13.
3 In addition, any Registrant who willfully violates or knowingly participates in a violation of
this regulation is subject to the penalties prescribed in section 5 ( b ) of the Act of October 6, 1917.
aa amended, which reads in part as follows: "Whoever willfully violates any of the provisions of
this subdivision or of any license, order, rule or regulation issued thereunder, shall, upon conviction,
be fined not more than $10,000, or, if a natural person, may be imprisoned for not more than ten
years, or b o t h ; and any officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participates
in such violation may be punished by a like fine, imprisonment, or b o t h . "




REGULATION W

9

(6) Maximum Maturity.—The maturity shall not exceed the maximum maturity specified for the listed article in section 13(a).
(c) Amounts and Intervals of Instalments.—Except as permitted
by section 9, the instalments in which the time balance is payable
(1) shall not be less than $5.00 per month or $1.25 per week on the
aggregate instalment indebtedness of one debtor to the same creditor;
(2) shall be substantially equal in amount or so arranged that no instalment is substantially greater in amount than any preceding instalment; and (3) shall be payable at approximately equal intervals not
exceeding one month.
(d) Statement of Transaction.—Unless the cash price of the article
sold is $6.00 or less, the instalment sale shall be evidenced by a written
instrument or record, and there shall be incorporated therein or attached thereto a written statement, of which a copy shall be given to
the obligor as promptly as circumstances will permit, and which shall
set forth (in any order) the following information:
(1) A brief description identifying the article purchased;
(2) The cash price of the article;
(3) The amount of the purchaser's down payment (i) in cash
and (ii) in goods accepted in trade, together with a brief description identifying such goods and stating the monetary value assigned thereto in good faith;
(4) The deferred balance, which is the difference between items
(2) and ( 3 ) ;
(5) The amount of any insurance premium for which credit is
extended and of any finance charges or interest by way of discount included in the principal amount of the obligation, or the
sum of these amounts;
(6) The time balance owed by the purchaser, which is the sum
total of items (4) and ( 5 ) ; and
(7) The terms of payment.
The Statement of Transaction need not include a description of the
article if it is purchased by means of a coupon book or similar medium
of instalment credit upon which a cash down payment of at least
one-third of its purchase value has been made.
(e) "Approvals," "Demonstrators," etc.—In case a listed article
is delivered in anticipation of an instalment sale of that article or a
similar article (such as a delivery "on approval," "on trial," or as a
"demonstrator"), the Registrant shall require, at or before the time
of such delivery, a deposit equal to the down payment that would be
required on such an instalment sale.




10

REGULATION

SECTION

S.

CHARGE

W

ACCOUNTS

Except as otherwise permitted by this regulation, each charge sale
and charge account shall comply with the following requirements:
(а) Maximum Maturity.—-Except as permitted by section 9, no
listed article shall be sold in a charge account with an agreement that
payment therefor may be deferred beyond the 10th day of the second
calendar month following the calendar month during which such article
was sold.
(б) Restriction.—When a charge account is in default, the Registrant shall not extend credit to the obligor for any charge sale or
instalment sale of any listed article until the default has been cured
by one of the methods described below.
(c) Default.—A charge account shall be deemed to be in default
if any article (whether listed or unlisted) for which credit was extended
in such account has not been paid for in full on or before the 10th day
of the second calendar month following the calendar month during
which such article was sold, except that:
(1) A charge account shall not be deemed to be in default because of a failure to make payment for any article purchased
therein prior to May 1, 1942, unless such article shall not have
been paid for in full by July 10, 1942;
(2) If an article was sold in a charge account prior to May 1,
1942, under a definite agreement between the seller and purchaser
(evidenced in writing) that such article need not be paid for until
a specified date, the account shall not be deemed to be in default
with respect to such article unless such article shall not have been
paid for in full by the date so agreed upon; and
(3) For persons with seasonal incomes, adjustments are permitted in accordance with section 9.
(d) Curing Defaults.—When a charge account is in default, the
default may be cured either:
(1) By payment in full of the amount in default;
(2) By the purchaser entering into a written agreement in good
faith to pay the amount in default within a period of 6 months
or less from the date of such agreement by substantially equal
instalment payments of not less than $5.00 per month or $1.25
per week at substantially equal intervals not exceeding one




REGULATION W

11

month; 4 or
(3) By the purchaser filing with the creditor a Statement of
Necessity in accordance with section 10(d) and entering into a
written agreement in good faith to pay the amount in default
within a period of 12 months from the date of such agreement by
substantially equal instalment payments at substantially equal
intervals not exceeding one month.*
In the case of any charge account obligation of any member or
former member of the armed forces of the United States incurred
prior to his induction into such service, a default may be cured by the
purchaser entering into a written agreement in good faith to make
payment according to such terms as the Registrant shall deem it
appropriate to require.
(e) Conversion of Charge Account into Instalment Credit Prior
to Default.—If the seller and purchaser agree to convert into an instalment credit4 the whole or any part of a charge account arising from the
sale of a listed article the charge for which is not in default, the agreement shall be in writing and shall provide that the instalment credit shall
be retired within 6 months from the date of the agreement by substantially equal payments of not less than $5.00 per month or $1.25 per
week, at substantially equal intervals not exceeding one month.
(/) "Authorization" of Small Items.—In case a Registrant makes
a charge sale of a listed article the cash price of which, is $10.00 or
less, he shall not be deemed to have violated section 5(b) if the
person authorizing such sale on behalf of the Registrant acts in good
faith without knowledge that the customer's charge account is in
default, provided the Registrant, promptly upon discovery that such
charge account is in default and in any event within 30 days from
the date of sale, makes a request of the customer that he either return
the article or else pay for it in full immediately.
(g) Small Defaults.—A charge account shall not be deemed to be
"in default" within the meaning of sections 5(c) or 12 (;n) if the
amount in default is less than $10.00.
(h) "Approvals," "Demonstrators," etc.—When a charge account
is in default, the Registrant shall not deliver any listed article to the
obligor in anticipation of a sale of that article or a similar article (such
as a delivery "on approval," "on trial," or as a "demonstrator").
Wrhen a charge account is not in default and the Registrant makes
such a delivery of any article, the delivery (unless it is in anticipation
of an instalment sale) shall be treated for the purposes of this regulation as a chargc sale made on the date of the delivery.
4 Renewals, revisions, and additions of instalment credits Arrowing out of charge accounts are
subject to the provisions of section 10.




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6. I N S T A L M E N T

LOANS

Except as otherwise permitted by this regulation, each instalment
loan shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) Instalment Loans to Purchase Listed Articles.—If
trant knows or has reason to know that the proceeds of an
loan (defined to exclude loans of more than $1,500) are to
purchase any listed article having a cash price of $15.00 or

the Regisinstalment
be used to
more:

(1) The principal amount lent (excluding any interest or finance
charges and the cost of any insurance) shall not exceed twothirds of the cash price of the listed article except that:
(i) This requirement does not apply in the case of articles
listed in Group C of section 13 (a); and
(ii) The principal amount lent may be not more than fourfifths of the cash price of a piano or furniture as defined in
Group B of section 13(a).
In any case involving a used automobile, or any article on which
there is a trade-in by the purchaser, the maximum amount which
may be lent shall be computed in accordance with the applicable
provisions of section 13; and
(2) The maturity shall not exceed the maximum maturity specified for the listed article in section 13(a).
(b) Instalment Loans Not to Purchase Listed Articles.—In the case
of an instalment loan (defined to exclude loans of more than $1,500)
which is not subject to section 6(a), the maximum maturity shall not
exceed 12 months; except that, if the Registrant knows or has reason to
know that the proceeds are to be used to reduce or retire a charge
account arising in whole or in part from the sale of a listed article, or
to reduce or retire a single-payment loan which is subject to this regulation, the maximum maturity shall not exceed 6 months.
(c) Additional Requirements.—Whether subject to section 6(a)
or section 6(b), the instalment loan shall comply with the following
additional requirements:
(1) It shall be evidenced by a written instrument or record,
and there shall be incorporated therein or attached thereto a written statement, of which a copy shall be given to the obligor as
promptly as circumstances will permit, and which shall set forth
the terms of payment;
(2) Except as permitted by section 9, the obligation shall be
payable in instalments which (i) shall not be less than $5.00 per
month or $1.25 per week, on the aggregate instalment indebtedness




REGULATION

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of the debtor to the creditor, (ii) shall be substantially equal in
amount or be so arranged that no instalment is substantially
greater in amount than any preceding instalment, and (iii) shall
be payable at approximately equal intervals not exceeding one
month.
(d) Statement of the Borrower.—No Registrant shall make any
instalment loan, except under the provisions of section 10(a), unless
he shall have accepted in good faith a signed Statement of the Borrower as to the purposes of the loan. Such Statement shall state
whether or not any of the proceeds of the loan are to be used to make
a down payment on the purchase of a listed article or to be used to
purchase any listed article having a cash price of $15.00 or more,
and, if any of the proceeds of the loan are to be so used, such Statement shall identify such listed article and shall state the cash price
thereof and the value of any trade-in. Such Statement shall state
also whether or not any of the proceeds of the loan are to be used
to reduce or retire any instalment sale or instalment loan, or any
single-payment loan which is subject to this regulation, or any charge
account arising in whole or in part from the sale of a listed article,
and, if any of the proceeds are to be so used, shall state the amount
of such obligation and the terms of payment. If a Registrant relies
in good faith on the facts set out by the obligor in such Statement,
it shall be deemed to be correct for the purposes of the Registrant.
(The Registrant, at his option, may use either his own form or the
most recent Statement of Borrower form prescribed by the Board.)
SECTION

7. S I N G L E - P A Y M E N T

LOANS

Except as otherwise permitted by this regulation, each single-payment loan shall comply with the following requirements:
(a) Single-payment Loans to Purchase Listed Articles.—If the
Registrant knows or has reason to know that the proceeds of a singlepayment loan (defined to exclude loans of more than $1,500) are to
be used to purchase any listed article having a cash price of $15.00
or more:
(1) The principal amount lent (excluding any interest or
finance charges and the cost of any insurance) shall not exceed
two-thirds of the cash price of the listed article, except that:
(i) This requirement does
listed in Group C of section
(ii) The principal amount
fifths of the cash price of a
Group B of section 13(a).




not apply in the case of articles
13(a); and
lent may be not more than fourpiano or furniture as defined in

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In any case involving a used automobile or any article on which
there is a trade-in by the purchaser, the maximum amount which
may be lent shall be computed in accordance with the applicable
provisions of section 13; and
(2) The maturity shall not exceed 90 days, except as permitted
by section 9.
(6) Single-payment Loans Not to Purchase Listed Articles.—In
the case of a single-payment loan (defined to exclude loans of more
than $1,500) not subject to section 7(a), the maximum maturity shall
not exceed 90 days, except as permitted by section 9.
(c) Renewals and Extensions.—A single-payment loan (defined to
exclude loans of more than $1,500) made originally on or after May 6,
1942, may not be renewed or extended except as follows:
(1) A single-payment loan made on or after May 6, 1942 may
be renewed or extended by means of an instalment loan complying
with the requirements of sections 6(b) and 6 ( c ) ( 2 ) with the
maturity5 calculated from the date on which the original singlepayment loan was made;
(2) A single-payment loan made on or after May 6, 1942 may
be renewed or extended by a series of obligations each of which
has a maturity of not in excess of 90 days if the last of such
obligations matures not later than the date on which an instalment loan made for a similar purpose would have matured 5 and
the borrower pays at the time of each such renewal or extension
enough to reduce the unpaid balance to an amount not greater
than would have been permitted if the loan had been an instalment loan subject to the provisions of section 6(fe); and
(3) Nothing in this regulation shall be construed to prevent
the Registrant from making any renewal or revision or taking any
action that he shall deem necessary in good faith (i) with respect to any obligation of any member or former member of the
armed forces of the United States incurred prior to his induction
into such service, or (iil for the Registrant's own protection in
connection with any obligation which is in default and is the
subject of bona fide collection effort by the Registrant.
(d) Statement of the Borrower. 6 —No Registrant shall make any
i-i The maturity inu.st not be later than Twelve months from the date on which the original loan
was made, except that (1) if the Registrant know or have reason to know that the proceeds were
used to reduce or retire a charge account, the maturity must not he later than six months from
such date, and (2) if the borrower file^ and the Registrant accept in good faith, a Statement, of
Necessity in accordance with the requirements of section 10(r/), the maturity may be not more
than twelve months from the date of such renewal or extension.
41 This requirement does not apply to a single-payment loan made for business purposes to a
business enterprise or for agricultural purposes to a person engaged in agriculture, unless the
proceeds are to be used to purchase a listed article.




REGULATION

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15

single-payment loan, except under the provisions of section 7(c),
unless he shall have accepted in good faith a signed Statement of the
Borrower as to the purposes of the loan. Such Statement shall state
whether or not any of the proceeds of the loan are to be used to
make a down payment on the purchase of a listed article or to be
used to purchase any listed article having a cash price of $15.00 or
more, and, if any of the proceeds of the loan are to be so used, such
Statement shall identify such listed article and shall state the cash
price thereof and the value of any trade-in. If a Registrant relies
in good faith on the facts set out by the obligor in such Statement,
it shall be deemed to be correct for the purposes of the Registrant.
(The Registrant, at his option, may use either his own form or the
moat recent Statement of Borrower form prescribed by the Board.)
(e) Loans Payable on Demand.—A single-payment loan made on
or after May 6, 1942, which is payable on demand shall be treated for
the purposes of this regulation as if it matured 90 days after the date
on which it was made.
(/) Credit to Retire Obligations Held Elsewhere.—Any singlepayment loan, the proceeds of which a Registrant knows or has reason
to know will be used in whole or in part to retire any single-payment
loan not held by such Registrant, shall be subject to the provisions
of this regulation to the same extent as if the obligation being retired
were held by the Registrant.
SECTION

8.

EXCEPTIONS

This regulation shall not apply to any of the following:
(а) Real Estate Loans.—-Any extension of credit which is for the
purpose of financing or refinancing the construction or purchase of an
entire residential building or other entire structure.
(б) Security Loans and Credits.—Any extension of credit on securities which is subject to the Board's Regulation T (relating to Extension and Maintenance of Credit by Brokers, Dealers, and Members of
National Securities Exchanges), or subject to the Board's Regulation
U (relating to Loans by Banks for the Purpose of Purchasing or Carrying Stocks Registered on a National Securities Exchange), or any other
extension of credit for the purpose of purchasing or carrying stocks,
bonds or other investment securities.
(c) Educational, Hospital, Medical, Dental, and Funeral Expenses.
—Any loan as to which the Registrant accepts in good faith a written
statement signed by the borrower certifying:
(1) That the proceeds are to be used for bona fide educational.




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medical, hospital, dental, or funeral expenses, or to pay debts incurred for such expenses;
(2) That his income available for the purpose is such that he
could not reasonably meet the requirements of this regulation
otherwise applicable; and
(3) That failure to obtain the extension of credit would cause
undue hardship to him or his dependents.
Such a statement by the borrower must set forth specifically the facts
relied upon to bring the loan within this exception; and the facts
recited therein shall be deemed to be correct for the purposes of this
regulation if the statement is accepted by the Registrant in good faith.
(d) Aircraft Credits.—Any extension of credit to finance the purchase of aircraft for use in any activity in respect of which a preference
rating of A-10 or higher is in force for deliveries of civil aircraft.
« Credit to Dealers.—Any extension of credit to a dealer (including a wholesaler, retailer, and a plumbing, electrical, heating or
other contractor) to finance the purchase of any article for resale
or installation.
(/) Fire and Casualty Insurance Premiums.—Any loan which is
made for the purpose of financing a premium in excess of one year on
a fire or casualty insurance policy, if the proceeds are paid directly
to the insurance agent, broker, or company issuing or underwriting the
insurance and the extension of credit is fully secured by the unearned
portion of the premium so financed.
(g) Disaster Credits.—Any extension of credit made by the Disaster
Loan Corporation; or any extension of credit to finance the repair or
replacement of real or personal property damaged or lost as a result of
a flood or other similar disaster which the Federal Reserve Bank of the
district in which the disaster occurs finds has created an emergency
affecting a substantial number of the inhabitants of the stricken area,
provided such extension is made prior to the end of the sixth calendar
month following the month in which the disaster is found to have occurred and a statement describing the damage or loss is preserved in
the Registrant's files.
Agricultural Loans.—Any loan to a person engaged in agriculture, or to a cooperative association of such persons, if it (1) is
made by the Land Bank Commissioner on behalf of the Federal Farm
Mortgage Corporation and is found, pursuant to regulations issued by
the Commissioner, to be necessary to maintain or increase production
of essential agricultural commodities, or (2) is approved by the Farm
Security Administrator or his authorized agent as being necessary for




REGULATION W

17

the rehabilitation of a needy farm family, or (3) is for general agricultural purposes and is not for the purpose of purchasing any listed
article. In determining whether an extension of credit meets the description of clause (3) above, a Registrant may accept in good faith
a written statement signed by the obligor setting forth the facts relied
upon to bring it within the description, and the facts set forth in such
statement shall be deemed to be correct for the purposes of this
regulation.
(i) Business Loans.—Any loan for business purposes to a business enterprise which is not for the purpose of purchasing a listed
article.
(j) Insurance Policy Loans.—Any loan made by a life insurance
company which is fully secured by the loan value or cash surrender
value of a life insurance policy issued by such company; any loan made
by any Registrant on the security of the loan value or cash surrender
value of a life insurance policy for the purpose of enabling the borrower
to pay off a policy loan made by the insurer prior to May 6,1942; and
any renewal or extension of any such loan which does not involve an
increase in the amount of the loan.
(fc) Credit to Governmental Agencies and Religious, Educational
or Charitable Institutions.—Any extension of credit to the Federal
Government, any State government, any political subdivision, or any
department, agency or establishment thereof, or to any church, hospital,
clinic, sanitarium, school, college, or other religious, educational,
charitable, or eleemosynary institution.
(J) Railroad Watches.—Any extension of credit to finance the purchase of a railroad standard watch (whether new or used) by a railroad time service employee, provided the Registrant obtains a certification with respect to such employee in the form prescribed by General Limitation Order of the War Production Board limiting the
transfer of railroad standard watches.
(ffi) Commodity Credit Corporation.—Any extension of credit made
by the Commodity Credit Corporation or made by a Registrant in
accordance with a loan program formulated and administered by the
Commodity Credit Corporation.
(«) Loans to Indians.—Any extension of credit made in accordance
with regulations of the Secretary of the Interior for the economic
development or rehabilitation of Indians.
(o) Servicemen's Guaranteed Loans.—Any extension of credit guaranteed in whole or in part by the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs




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pursuant to the provisions of Title III of the Servicemen's Readjustment
Act of 1944, or by any State agency pursuant to similar State legislation.

SECTION

9.

SEASONAL

ADJUSTMENTS

Notwithstanding any other provision of this regulation, appropriate
seasonal adjustments may be made in connection with the contractual
time of payment of any extension of credit, in accordance with the
following provisions:
(a) Intervals of Payments.—When appropriate for the purpose of
facilitating payment in accordance with the obligor's main source of
income, the payment schedule in connection with any instalment creditmay reduce or omit payments over any period or periods totaling not
more than 4 months, if the other payments are increased in such manner as to meet all the other requirements of this regulation applicable
to such instalment credit.
(b) Farmers and Stock Raisers.—When appropriate for the purpose
of facilitating payment in accordance with the seasonal nature of the
obligor's main source of income, any instalment credit which is made
to a person who is engaged in agriculture or stock raising and derives
his income principally therefrom may be payable in any amounts and
at any intervals, if: (1) The instalment credit complies with the
applicable provisions of this regulation concerning the amount and
maximum maturity of the credit, and (2) at least one-half of the
credit is to be repaid within the first half of the applicable maximum
maturity.
If the purchaser or borrower be known to the Registrant customarily
to receive 75 per cent or more of his income during one or two seasons
of the year from farming or stock raising, (1) his charge account shall
not be deemed to be in default unless the articles previously purchased
in the account shall not have been paid for in full within 10 days after
the end of the next calendar month during which most of his annual
or semi-annual income is customarily received, (2) any single-payment
loan made to him may be made to mature during the next calendar
month in which most of his annual or semi-annual income is customarily
received, and (3) the schedule of payments in connection with any
instalment credit extended to him may be arranged so that the instalment payments will fall due during the calendar months in which
most of his annual or semi-annual income is customarily received; but
each such extension of credit shall mature not later than 12 months
from the date on which it was originally extended.
(c) Other Persons with Seasonal Incomes.—If the Registrant has
accepted from the purchaser or borrower in good faith a written state-




REGULATION

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19

ment to the effect that such purchaser or borrower customarily receives
75 per cent or more of his income during one or two specified seasons
of the year from seasonal labor, investments, trust funds, or other
seasonal sources, (1) his charge account shall not be deemed to be
in default unless the articles previously purchased in the account
shall not have been paid for in full within 10 days after the end of
the next calendar month during which most of his annual or semiannual income is customarily received, (2) any single-payment loan
made to him may be made to mature during the next calendar month
in which most of his annual or semi-annual income is customarily
received, and (3) the schedule of payments in connection with any
instalment credit extended to him may be arranged so that the instalment payments will fall due during the calendar months in which most
of his annual or semi-annual income is customarily received; but each
such extension of credit shall mature not later than 12 months from
the date on which it was originally extended.
SECTION 10. R E N E W A L S , REVISIONS, A N D ADDITIONS OF I N S T A L M E N T CREDIT

(a) Renewals or Revisions.—If any obligation evidencing any
instalment sale or instalment loan is renewed or revised by a Registrant, such renewal or revision must not have the effect of changing
the terms of repayment to terms which this regulation would not
have permitted in the first instance for such credit;7 but nothing in
this regulation shall be construed to prevent any Registrant from
making any renewal or revision, or taking any action that he shall
deem necessary in good faith, (1) with respect to any obligation of
any member or former member of the armed forces of the United
States incurred prior to his induction into such service, or (2) for the
Registrant's own protection in connection with any obligation which
is in default and is the subject of bona fide collection effort by the
Registrant.
(b) Additions to Outstanding Credit Held by Registrant.—An obligation evidencing any instalment sale 8 or instalment loan shall not
be consolidated with any obligation or obligations held by the Registrant evidencing any prior instalment sale or instalment loan to the
same obligor, unless the additional credit complies with the down
payment or maximum credit limitations applicable thereto (if any)
and, in addition, the consolidated obligation complies with one of the
following options:
* If there should be any arrearage under an instalment contract which does not arise out of
any prearrangement or plan to evade this regulation, the arrearage may be divided equally among
and added to the remaining payments scheduled for the liquidation of the credit to which such
arrearage relates. This applies to any renewal, revision or consolidation effected in accordance
with any provision of section 10.
* T h e tenn "instalment sale" as here used includes an instalment credit resulting from the conversion of a charge account to an instalment basis.




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Option 1. The terms of the consolidated obligation shall be
such as would have been necessary to meet the requirements of
this regulation if the several obligations had not been consolidated, except that, in order to schedule payments at approximately
equal intervals, the consolidated obligation may combine payments that would otherwise have fallen due at different times
within any monthly period, but the first of such combined payments shall fall due within one month after such consolidation;
or
Option 2. The consolidated obligation shall provide for a rate of
payment (not less than $5.00 per month or $1.25 per week)
throughout its term, which is (i) at least as large per month as
tho rate of payment or payments on the outstanding obligation
or obligations being consolidated would have been for the month
commencing on the date of consolidation," and (ii) is larger to
whatever extent may be necessary in order to repay the consolidated obligation within 12 months.
(c) Credit to Retire Instalment Obligations Held Elsewhere.—Any
instalment loan, the proceeds of which a Registrant knows or has
reason to know will be used in whole or in part to retire any instalment sale 10 or instalment loan not held by such Registrant, shall be
subject to the provisions of this regulation to the same extent as if the
obligation being retired were held by the Registrant.
(d) Statement of Necessity to Prevent Undue Hardship.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this regulation, if a Registrant
accepts in good faith a Statement of Necessity as provided in the
following paragraph, the renewed, revised or consolidated obligation
may provide for a schedule of repayment as though it were a new
instalment loan subject to section 6(b), except that the payments
need not be as large as $5.00 per month or $1.25 per week, even
though such action results in the reduction of the rate of repayment
thereon.
The requirements of a Statement of Necessity will be complied with
only if the Registrant accepts in good faith a written statement signed
by the obligor that the contemplated renewal, revision or other action
is necessary in order to avoid undue hardship upon the obligor or
his dependents resulting from contingencies that were unforeseen
by him at the time of obtaining the original extension of credit or
which were beyond his control, which statement also sets forth briefly
8 If any part of the consolidated obligation is used to reduce or retire a charge account or singlepayment loan, under the provisions of section 6(b) or 7(c)(1), such part shall be treated for the
purpose of this Option as if the charge account or single-payment loan were payable in six
equal monthly instalments.
10 The term "instalment sale" as here used includes an instalment credit resulting from the c o n version of a charge account to an instalment basis.




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the principal facts and circumstances with respect to such contingencies and specifically states that the renewal, revision, or other
action is not pursuant to a preconceived plan or an intention to evade
or circumvent the requirements of this regulation.
SECTION

11. EVASIVE DEVICES

PROHIBITED

(a) Evasive Side Agreements.—No extension of credit complies
with the requirements of this regulation if at the time it is made there
is any agreement, arrangement, or understanding by which the obligor
is to be enabled to make repayment on conditions inconsistent with
those required by this regulation, or which would otherwise evade or
circumvent, or conceal any evasion or circumvention of, any requirement of this regulation.
(b) Loans to Make Down Payments.—A Registrant shall not make
any instalment loan or single-payment loan if he knows or has reason
to know that any part of the proceeds thereof is to be used to make a
down payment on the purchase price of any listed article.
(c) Side Loan to Make Down Payment on Listed Article.—A Registrant shall not make an extension of credit to finance the purchase
of any listed article if he knows or has reason to know that there is, or
that there is to be, any other extension of credit in connection with
the purchase of the listed article which would bring the total amount
of credit extended in connection with such purchase beyond the
amount permitted by this regulation; but, if the Registrant accepts
in good faith a written statement signed by the obligor that no such
other extension exists or is to be made, such statement shall be deemed
to be correct for the purposes of this regulation.
(d) Purchase of Article in Lieu of Trade-in.—Anything which the
seller of a listed article buys, or arranges to have bought, from the
purchaser at or about the time of the purchase of the listed article
shall be regarded as a trade-in for purposes of this regulation.
(e) Coupon Plans.—No coupon, ticket or similar medium of
credit, whether paid for in instalments or otherwise, shall be accepted
by any Registrant in payment, in whole or in part, for any listed
article if such acceptance, in effect, would permit the article to be
sold on terms not complying with the requirements of this regulation.
SECTION

12.

MISCELLANEOUS

PROVISIONS

(a) Clerical Errors.—Any failure to comply with this regulation
resulting from a mistake in determining, calculating, or recording
any price, down payment, or extension of credit, or other similar
matter, shall not be construed to be a violation of this regulation




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if the Registrant establishes that such failure to comply was the result
of excusable error and was not occasioned by a regular course of
dealing.
(b) Extension of Credit for Mixed Purposes.—In case an extension
of credit is partly subject to one section of this regulation and partly
subject to another section, the amount and terms of such extension
of credit shall be such as would result if the credit were divided into
two or more parts and each part were treated as if it stood alone.
In case an extension of credit is partly subject to this regulation and
partly not subject to the regulation, the amount and terms of such
extension of credit shall be such as would result if the credit were
divided and the part subject to the regulation were treated according
to the applicable provisions of the regulation; the part not subject to
the regulation may be treated as if the regulation did not exist.
(c) Calculating Maximum Maturity of Instalment Contract.—In
calculating the maximum maturity of an instalment sale or instalment
loan, a Registrant may, at his option, use any date not more than 15
days subsequent to the actual date of the sale or loan.
(d) "Lay-away" Plans.—With respect to any extension of credit
involving a bona fide "lay-away" plan, or other similar plan by which
a purchaser makes one or more payments on an article before receiving delivery thereof, the Registrant may, for the purposes of this regulation, treat the extension of credit as not having been made until the
date of the delivery of the article to the purchaser.
(e) Contracts and Obligations Outstanding on September 1,1941.—
Nothing in this regulation shall prevent the performance of any valid
contract or obligation entered into prior to September 1, 1941; but,
when any obligation arising out of any extension of credit made prior
to September 1, 1941, has been combined with any extension of credit
made on or after September 1, 1941, or has been the subject of any
renewal or revision made on or after such date, such extension of
credit shall thereafter be treated for the purposes of this regulation
as having been made on the date of such consolidation, renewal or
revision.
(/) Transactions Subjected to Regulation by Amendment.—Whenever this regulation is amended to add any article to the list of articles specified in section 13(a) or so as to apply to any additional class
of transactions, the amendment shall not prevent the performance of any valid contract made prior to the effective date of
the amendment; but any renewal, revision or consolidation of any
obligation growing out of an extension of credit covering such newly
added article or class of transactions shall be subject to the applicable
requirements of this regulation, and, for the purposes of the applicable




REGULATION

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23

provisions regarding renewals, revisions and consolidations, the terms
of repayment "permitted in the first instance" for such an obligation
shall be deemed to be those applicable to such an extension of credit
under such amendment.
(g) Payments Arising out of Loans on Pledged Obligations,—
With respect to any loan on the security of an obligation which arises
out of an extension of credit subject to this regulation, the prohibitions
of this regulation shall be deemed to apply only to payments arising
out of the obligation rather than to payments arising out of the loan.
(h) Preservation of Records.—Every Registrant shall preserve,
for the life of the obligation to which they relate, such books of account, records, and other papers (including any statements required
by or obtained pursuant to this regulation) as are relevant to establishing whether or not an extension of credit within the scope of this
regulation was in conformity with the requirements thereof, provided,
however, that the Statement of the Borrower obtained pursuant to
section 6(d) or 7(d) shall be preserved for the life of the obligation
to which it relates or for one year, whichever period is longer, and
provided further that the Registrant may preserve photographic
reproductions in lieu of such books of account, records or papers.
(i) Inspections and Production of Records.—For the purpose of
determining whether or not there lias been compliance with the requirements of this regulation, every person required to be licensed
under section 3 shall permit the Board or any Federal Reserve Bank,
by its duly authorized representatives, to make such inspections of
his business operations as the Board or Federal Reserve Bank may
deem necessary or appropriate, including inspections of books of
account, contracts, letters or other relevant papers wherever located,
and, for such purpose, shall furnish such reports as the Board or the
Federal Reserve Bank may require. When ordered to do so by the
Board, every such person shall furnish, under oath or otherwise, such
information relative to any transaction within the scope of the Executive Order as the Board may deem necessary or appropriate for such
purpose, including the production of books of account, contracts,
letters or other papers in the custody or control of such person.
(j) Transactions Outside United States.—Nothing in this regulation shall apply with respect to any extension of credit made in Alaska,
the Panama Canal Zone, or any territory or possession outside the
continental United States.
(k) Right of Registrant to Impose Stricter Requirements.—Any
Registrant has the right to refuse to extend credit, or to extend less
credit than the amount permitted by this regulation, or to require that
repayment be made within a shorter period than the maximum permitted by this regulation.




24

REGULATION

W

(I) Sets and Groups of Articles.—For the purposes of this regulation, the word "article" shall be deemed to include any set, group or
assembly commonly considered, sold or used as a single unit, if the
component parts thereof are sold or delivered at substantially the
same time.
(m) "Cycle Billing."—The provisions of the following paragraph
shall be applicable, instead of the provisions of the opening paragraph
of section 5(c), to any Registrant who (1) on May 6, 1942, was using
a system of recording and billing his charge accounts whereby such
accounts were divided into several groups and a different monthly
closing date and monthly billing period was used for each such group,
and (2) has received from the Federal Reserve Bank of his district a
notification which is still in force stating that the Federal Reserve
Bank is satisfied (A) that such billing system makes it impracticable
for him to operate under section 5(c) and (B) that it would be impracticable for him, in view of orders of the War Production Board
restricting deliveries of office machinery, to change his system over
to one that uses the calendar month as the billing period. Such
provisions shall be applicable also to any Registrant who shall have
established such a system after having received from the Federal
Reserve Bank of his district a notification which is still in force stating
that the Federal Reserve Bank is satisfied (1) that the system is
intended to effectuate operating economies with respect to manpower
or office machinery and (2) that its adoption is not for the purpose
of circumventing this regulation.
A charge account maintained by such Registrant shall be deemed to
be in default if any article (whether listed or unlisted) for which credit
was extended in such account has not been paid for in full on or before
the 40th day following the last day of the applicable monthly billing
period during which such article was sold, except as provided in the
three numbered paragraphs in section 5(c).
With respect to any article sold in such a charge account, the
maximum maturity shall be the period provided in the preceding paragraph instead of that provided in section 5(a).
(n) Mail Orders.—An instalment sale shall not be deemed to be
in violation of section 4(a) if the sale is made upon the receipt of a
mail order for one or more articles and the cash deposit received with
the order fails by less than $1.00 to equal the sum of the down payments required by this regulation for all of the articles included
in the order.
(o) Summer Plans.—Notwithstanding sections 4(c) and 6(c) (2), the
payment schedule of an instalment credit made for any of the purposes
specified in section 13(/) may reduce or omit payments during the period
from the extension of the credit to October 31, 1945, if the other payments are increased in such manner as to meet all the other requirements
of the regulation applicable to such credit.




25

REGULATION W
SECTION

13. LISTED ARTICLES, D O W N

PAYMENTS

AND

MAXIMUM

CREDIT

VALUES

(a) Listed Articles.—The following are the articles which are "listed
articles" within the meaning of this regulation:
Group A—One-third,
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.

down and IS months' maximum

maturity:

Air conditioners, room unit.
(Deleted-see Group C)
Aircraft (including gliders).
Attic ventilating fans.
Automobile batteries and accessories.
Automobile tires and inner tubes, for passenger automobiles.
Bedding, blankets, curtains, draperies, and household linens and towels.
Bicycles.
Binoculars, field glasses, opera glasses, and hand telescopes.
Boats, and inboard and outboard motors designed for use therewith, other
than boats or motors designed specifically for commercial use.
Clocks, electric or other, designed for household or personal use.
Cooking stoves and ranges, designed for household use.
Dishwashers, electric, designed for household use.
Electric appliances, not elsewhere listed, designed for household or personal
use.
Floor coverings (including fabric and linoleum type rugs, carpets, mats, and
other floor covering materials, whether or not designed to be affixed to
the floor).
(Deleted-see Group C)
Heating stoves and space heaters, designed for household use.
Ironers designed for household use.
Jewelry (including precious stones and costume jewelry).
Lamps designed for household use.
Lawn mowers, edgers, and trimmers (whether or not power-driven).
(Deleted - see Group C)
Luggage, purses, handbags, toilet cases, and umbrellas.
Motion picture cameras, projectors, and lenses, designed for film gauges less
than 35 mm.; still cameras, projectors, lenses and shutters, and enlargers.
Musical instruments not elsewhere listed.
Organs, household electric.
(Deleted-see Group C)
Portable lights, and portable or stationary flood-lighting equipment, designed for household use.
Radio receiving sets, phonographs, or combinations.
Refrigerators, mechanical, of less than 12 cubic feet rated capacity.
Sewing machines designed for household use.
Silverware (including flatware and hollow ware, whether solid or plated).
Sports', athletic, outing, and games' equipment.
Suction cleaners and mechanical carpet sweepers, designed for household
use.
Tableware and kitchen ware, equipment, and utensils, designed for household use (including pottery, porcelain, chinaware, glassware, and cutlery).
Washing machines designed for household use.
Watches.
(Deleted - see Group C)
(Deleted - see Group C)
Wearing apparel and furs, non-military, (including footwear, headwear. and
haberdashery).
Yard goods designed for making garments or for making articles of household use.

Group B—SO per cent down and 12 months' maximum
maturity:
1. Furniture, household (including ice refrigerators, bed springs, mattresses, and
materials and services employed in reupholstering).
2. Pianos.




26

REGULATION W

Group C—18 months' maximum maturity:
1. Materials, articles and services (other than articles, whether or not designed for
household use, which are of kinds elsewhere listed) in connection with repairs,
alterations, or improvements upon urban, suburban or rural real property in
connection with existing structures (other than a structure, or a distinct part
thereof, which, as so repaired, altered or improved, is designed exclusively for
non-residential use), provided the deferred balance does not exceed $1,500.11
Group D—Maximum maturity 15 months; for down payment requirement see
section 13(c):
1. Automobiles (passenger cars designed for the purpose of transporting less
than 10 passengers, including taxicabs).
2. Motorcycles (two- or three-wheel motor vehicles, including motor bicycles).

(b) Trade-in.—If any article is traded in by the purchaser on an
article listed in Group A, the cash down payment shall be one-third
of the net price of the article after deducting from the cash price the
amount allowed for the trade-in, and such cash down payment shall
be obtained in addition to the trade-in. In the case of an article listed
in Group B, the cash down payment shall be one-fifth of such net price.
In the case of automobiles and other articles listed in Group D, the
down payment required by the regulation may be made in the form of
cash or in the form of a trade-in, or both.
(c) Down Payment on Automobiles and Motorcycles.—For a new
or used automobile or a new or used motorcycle, the down payment
(which may be in cash or in the form of a trade-in or in both forms)
shall be one-third of the cash price,
(d) Down Payment Where Price is Fixed by Federal Authorities.—
In the case of any article for which the Federal price authorities have
prescribed a maximum retail price, the amount of credit extended pursuant to the provisions of section 4 shall in no event exceed the amount
which would have been permitted if the article had been sold at the
maximum retail price.
(e) Maximum Amount of Loan.—A loan to purchase an article
listed in Group A in connection with which the seller has accepted a
trade-in shall not exceed two-thirds of the net price of the listed
article after deducting from the cash price the amount allowed for
the trade-in, and, in the case of an article listed in Group B, the loan
shall not exceed four-fifths of such net price.
A loan to purchase a new or used automobile or a new or used motorcycle shall not exceed two-thirds of the cash price.
11 Effective June 11, 1945, the following articles were added to this group: Air conditioning systems,
furnaces and heating unite for furnaces (including oil burners, gas conversion burners, ana stokers),
lighting fixtures, plumbing and sanitary fixtures, water heaters, and water pumps so installed, whether
or not designed for household use.




REGULATION

27

W

( / ) Fuel Conservation Credits.—Notwithstanding the provisions of
Group C of section 13(a), any extension of instalment credit made prior
to November 1, 1945, to finance the purchase or installation of materials
or articles included in Group C that are to be used in (1) the replacement
of heating equipment that is worn out, damaged beyond repair, or
destroyed, (2) the installation of loose-fill, blanket or batt-type insulation, or insulating board, within existing structures, or (3) the installation of storm doors, storm windows, or weather stripping, may have a
maturity of not more than 24 months if such extension of credit is otherwise in conformity with the requirements of this regulation.

SECTION

14.

ENFORCEABILITY

OF

CONTRACTS

Except as may subsequently be otherwise provided, all provisions
of this regulation are designated, pursuant to section 2(d) of the
Executive Order, as being "for administrative purposes" within the
meaning of said section 2(d), which provides that noncompliance with
provisions of the regulation so designated shall not affect the right to
enforce contracts.




LIST OF FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS AND BRANCHES
Address

Federal Reserve Bank of
BOSTON

30 Pearl Street. Boston 6, Massachusetts

NEW YORK
Buffalo Branch

33 Liberty Street. New York 7, New York
270-276 Main Street, Buffalo 5, New York

PHILADELPHIA

925 Chestnut Street. Philadelphia 1, Pennsylvania

CLEVELAND

East 6th Street and Superior Avenue. Cleveland 1,
Ohio
4th and Race Streets. Cincinnati 1. Ohio
717 Grant Street, Pittsburgh 19, Pennsylvania

Cincinnati Branch
Pittsburgh Branch
RICHMOND
Baltimore Branch
Charlotte Branch

9th and Franklin Streets, Richmond 13. Virginia
Calvert and Lexington Streets. Baltimore 3, Maryland
South Tryon and 2nd Streets, Charlotte 1, North
Carolina

ATLANTA
Birmingham Branch

104 Marietta Street, Atlanta 3. Georgia
18th Street and 5th Avenue, North, Birmingham 2,
Alabama
Church and Hogan Streets, Jacksonville 1, Florida
228 3rd Avenue, North, Nashville 3, Tennessee
Carondelet and Common Streets, New Orleans 11,
Louisiana

Jacksonville Branch
Nashville Branch
New Orleans Branch
CHICAGO
Detroit Branch

230 South LaSalle Street, Chicago 90, Illinois
160 Fort Street, West, Detroit 31, Michigan

ST. LOUIS
Little Rock Branch
Louisville Branch
Memphis Branch

411
121
5th
3rd

MINNEAPOLIS
Helena Branch

73 South 5th Street, Minneapolis 2, Minnesota
Park Avenue and Lawrence Street, Helena, Montana

KANSAS CITY

10th Street and Grand Avenue, Kansas City 18, Missouri
17th and Arapahoe, Denver 17, Colorado
226 West 3rd Street, Oklahoma City 1, Oklahoma
1701-5 Dodge Street, Omaha 2, Nebraska

Denver Branch
Oklahoma City Branch
Omaha Branch

Locust Street, St. Louis 2. Missouri
West 3rd Street, Little Rock, Arkansas
and Market Streets, Louisville 1, Kentucky
and Jefferson Streets, Memphis 1. Tennessee

DALLAS
El Paso Branch
Houston Branch
San Antonio Branch

Wood and Akard Streets, Dallas 13, Texas
351 Myrtle Avenue, El Paso, Texas
1301 Texas Avenue. Houston 1, Texas
Navarro and Villita Streets, San Antonio 6, Texas

SAN FRANCISCO

Sacramento and Sansome Streets, San Francisco 20,
California
409 West Olympic Boulevard, Los Angeles 54, California
6th and Oak Streets. Portland 8. Oregon
70 East South Temple Street, Salt Lake City 9, Utah
2nd Avenue and Spring Street, Seattle 14, Washington

Los Angeles Branch
Portland Branch
Salt Lake City Branch
Seattle Branch







FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM
BOUNDARIES OF FEDERAL RESERVE DISTRICTS

I

BO**O OF EO*VNW*S o r me. FLOCHAL NST**T

SYSTIM


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102