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F E D E R A L R E S E R V E BANK
O F NEW YORK

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COLLECTION OF CASH ITEMS

To the Member and Nonmember Clearing Banks
o f the Second Federal Reserve District:

Regulation J of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and this circular and our time
schedules prescribe the terms and conditions upon which we will receive and handle cash items for collection.
Section 6 of Regulation J of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System provides that each
Federal Reserve bank may promulgate rules not inconsistent with the terms of the law and Regulation J,
governing the details of its check clearing and collection operations, and that such rules shall be binding
upon any member or nonmember clearing bank which sends any check to such Federal Reserve bank for
collection or to any other Federal Reserve bank for the account o f such Federal Reserve bank for collection.
This circular and our time schedules are issued pursuant to this provision of Regulation J.
SECTION 1. ITEM S W H IC H W IL L BE A C C E P T E D AS CASH ITEM S
The following will be accepted for collection as cash items:
(1) Checks drawn on banks or banking institutions (including private bankers) located in any Federal
Reserve district which are collectible at par in funds acceptable to the collecting Federal Reserve bank.
A list of “ Banks upon which checks will be received by Federal Reserve banks for collection and credit”
is furnished semiannually and a supplement is furnished each month showing changes subsequent to
the last complete list. This list is subject to change without notice and the right is reserved to return
without presentation any items drawn on banks which may have withdrawn or may have been removed
from the list or may have been reported closed.
(2) Government checks and warrants drawn on the Treasurer of the United States.
(3) Such other items, collectible at par in funds acceptable to the Federal Reserve bank of the district in
which such items are payable, as we may be willing to accept as cash items. When any such item is
accepted as a cash item, we will give credit therefor in accordance with the provisions of this circular and
our time schedules; but with respect to such item the “ Terms of collection” set forth in our current
circular relating to the collection of noncash items will apply.

Items which have been previously presented and dishonored or protested; items with passbook, certificate,
or any other document attached; and items with special instructions or requiring special handling should
be sent to us as noncash collection items, subject to the terms of our current circular relating to the collection
o f noncash items.
Checks drawn on or payable at a nonmember bank which is not included in the currently effective list
o f “ Banks upon which checks will be received by Federal Reserve banks for collection and credit” , referred
to above, will not be received either as cash items or as noncash items by us or by any other Federal
Reserve bank.
In the interests of good banking, the indirect routing o f cash items is discouraged, and member banks
and nonmember clearing banks should not send to us or to other Federal Reserve banks for our account,
any items payable in other Federal Reserve districts, which bear the endorsements of banks located in other
Federal Reserve districts, in cases where it is evident that such items have been routed indirectly.
SECTION 2. TERM S AND CONDITIONS OF COLLECTION
Every bank sending cash items to us or to another Federal Reserve bank direct for our account, by
such act will be understood to have agreed to the terms and conditions of this circular, of our time schedules,
and o f Regulation J of the Board o f Governors of the Federal Reserve System in effect at the time such
cash items are received by the Federal Reserve bank.
Cash items payable in other Federal Reserve districts and forwarded for collection to the Federal
Reserve banks of such other districts either by us or by our member and nonmember clearing banks for
our account will be handled by such other Federal Reserve banks subject to the terms and conditions of




Regulation J and o f the respective circulars and time schedules of such other Federal Reserve banks, and
to the rules of law applicable to such banks; but we will give credit to the sending banks for such items in
accordance with our time schedules.
A ny cash item, or check received in remittance therefor, may be presented through a clearing house or a
clearing house association subject to the rules and practices thereof.
A ny cash item, or check received in remittance therefor, may be presented by delivery to a bank or
representative thereof, subject to an agreement or arrangement permitting such bank at any time during
the same day to pay or remit for such cash item or check or to return it as dishonored and entitling such
bank, if it has previously made conditional payment or remittance for the cash item or check so returned,
to receive credit or refund therefor. The specific authorization of the above methods of presentment shall
not be construed to exclude any other method of forwarding or presentment which may be authorized or
would constitute ordinary care under existing rules of law or under any other provision o f Regulation J or
of this circular or of our time schedules.
Regulation J of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System on the date of this circular
prescribes the following terms and conditions under which all Federal Reserve banks will handle checks as
cash items for member and nonmember clearing banks:
“ The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System hereby authorizes the Federal Reserve banks
to handle such checks subject to the following terms and conditions; and each member and nonmember
clearing bank which sends checks to any Federal Reserve bank for deposit or collection shall by such
action be deemed (a) to authorize the Federal Reserve banks to handle such checks subject to the
following terms and conditions; (b ) to warrant its own authority to give the Federal Reserve banks
such authority; (c) to agree to indemnify any Federal Reserve bank for any loss or expense sustained
(including but not limited to attorneys’ fees and expenses of litigation) resulting from the failure of
such sending bank to have such authority, or resulting from such Federal Reserve bank’s guaranty of
prior endorsements, or resulting from any action taken by the Federal Reserve bank within the scope
of its authority for the purpose of collecting such checks; and (d) to guarantee all prior endorsements
on such checks whether or not a specific guaranty is incorporated in an endorsement of the sending bank.
“ (1) A Federal Reserve bank will act only as agent o f the bank from which it receives such checks and will
assume no liability except for its own negligence and its guaranty of prior endorsements.
“ (2) A Federal Reserve bank may present such checks for payment or send such checks for collection direct
to the bank on which they are drawn or at which they are payable, or in its discretion may forward them
to another agent with authority to present them for payment or send them for collection direct to the
bank on which they are drawn or at which they are payable.
“ (3) A Federal Reserve bank may, in its discretion and at its option, either directly or through or from an
agent, accept in payment of or in remittance for such checks, cash, bank drafts, transfers of funds or
bank credits, or other forms o f payment or remittance, acceptable to the collecting Federal Reserve
bank. The Federal Reserve bank shall not be liable for the failure of the drawee bank or any agent to
pay or remit for such checks, nor for any loss resulting from the acceptance from the drawee bank or
any collecting agent, in lieu of cash, of any other form of payment or remittance authorized herein, nor
for the nonpayment of, or failure to realize upon, any bank draft or other medium of payment or
remittance which may be accepted from the drawee bank or any collecting agent.
“ (4) Checks received by a Federal Reserve bank which are payable in its own district will ordinarily be
forwarded or presented direct to the banks on which they are drawn, and such banks will be required to
remit or pay therefor at par in such one or more of the forms of payment or remittance authorized
under paragraph (3) hereof as may be acceptable to the Federal Reserve bank.
“ (5) Checks received by a Federal Reserve bank payable in other districts will ordinarily be forwarded for
collection to the Federal Reserve bank of the district in which such checks are payable; provided,
however, that, where arrangements can be made satisfactory to the collecting bank or agent and to
the Federal Reserve bank of the district in which such checks are payable, any such checks may be
forwarded for collection direct to the bank on which they are drawn or at which they are payable, or
may be forwarded for collection to another agent with authority to present them for payment direct to
the bank on which they are drawn or at which they are payable. All such checks shall be handled
subject to all the terms and conditions of this regulation.
“ (6) With respect to any check sent direct by a member or nonmember clearing bank in one district to a
Federal Reserve bank in another district, the relationships and the rights and liabilities existing between
the member or nonmember clearing bank, the Federal Reserve bank of its district and the Federal
Reserve bank to which the check is sent will be the same, and the relevant provisions o f this regulation
will apply, as though the member or nonmember clearing bank had sent such check to the Federal
Reserve bank of its district with its endorsement and guaranty of prior endorsements and such Federal
Reserve bank had sent the check to the other Federal Reserve bank with its endorsement and guaranty
of prior endorsements.
“ (7) Bank drafts received by a Federal Reserve bank in payment of or in remittance for checks handled
under the terms of this regulation shall likewise be handled for collection subject to all the terms and
conditions o f this regulation.
“ (8) The amount of any check for which payment in actually and finally collected funds is not received shall
be charged back to the forwarding bank, regardless of whether or not the check itself can be returned.
In such event, neither the owner or holder of any such check, nor the bank which sent such check to
the Federal Reserve bank for collection shall have any right o f recourse upon, interest in, or right of




payment rrom, any reserve balance, clearing account, deposit account, or other funds of the drawee
bank or of any bank to which such checks have been sent for collection, in the possession of the Federal
Reserve bank. No draft, authorization to charge, or other order, upon any reserve balance, clearing
account, deposit account, or other funds of a paying, remitting, or collecting bank in the possession of
a Federal Reserve bank, issued for the purpose of settling items handled under the terms of this regula­
tion will be paid, acted upon, or honored after receipt by such Federal Reserve bank of notice of
suspension or closing of such paying, remitting, or collecting bank.”

SECTION 3. GOVERNMENT CHECKS
United States Government checks will be handled in accordance with, and subject to the provisions of,
Treasury Department Circular No. 176 in effect at the time such items are received by us; and with respect
to matters not covered by such circular, the provisions of Regulation J, this circular and our time schedules
shall be deemed applicable to all Government checks. Credit for Government checks will be given in
accordance with our time schedules and will be subject in all cases to examination and payment by or on
behalf o f the Treasurer of the United States.
Treasury Department Circular No. 176, Revised December 21, 1945, was published in the Federal
Register of January 3, 1946, beginning on page 102, as Part 202, Subchapter A, Chapter II, Title 31 of
the Code of Federal Regulations of the United States of America as revised (F.R . Doc. 45-23147; Filed,
Dec. 29, 1945; 11:44 a.m.). Section 25 of the revised circular relates to the handling and payment of
checks drawn on the Treasurer of the United States received at Federal Reserve banks. Copies o f this
section will be furnished upon request.
SECTION 4. P R E P A R A T IO N OF CASH L E T T E R S B Y SENDING BANKS
Instructions relative to sorting and listing of items are set forth in our time schedules.
Each bank sending cash items of deferred availability to a Federal Reserve bank will be understood
to have agreed to indemnify the Reserve bank to which such items are sent, and in the case of such items
sent direct to the Reserve bank of another district also to have agreed to indemnify the Reserve bank in
the district in which the sending bank is located, against any loss or expense resulting from delay in advis­
ing nonpayment of any such item where such delay is due, in whole or in part, to the lack of description,
or to the erroneous, incomplete, or defective description of such item by the sending bank.
SECTION 5. ENDORSEM ENTS
A ll cash items sent to us, or to another Federal Reserve bank direct for our account, should be endorsed
without restriction to the order of the Federal Reserve bank to which sent, or to the order of any bank,
banker or trust company, or with some similar endorsement. Cash items will be accepted by us, and by
other Federal Reserve banks, only upon the understanding and condition that all prior endorsements are
guaranteed by the sending bank. There should be incorporated in the endorsement of the sending bank the
phrase “ All prior endorsements guaranteed” . The act of sending or delivering a cash item to us or to
another Federal Reserve bank will, however, be deemed and understood to constitute a guaranty of all prior
endorsements on such items, whether or not an express guaranty is incorporated in the sending bank’s
endorsement. The endorsement of the sending bank should be dated and should show the American Bankers
Association transit number o f the sending bank in prominent type on both sides.
SECTION 6. U NIFORM INSTRUCTIONS
Federal Reserve banks will receive, handle and forward cash items subject to the following uniform
instructions regarding protest and advice o f nonpayment except that United States Government checks
will not be protested:
(1) DO NOT PROTEST items of $100 or less.
(2) PROTEST dishonored items of $100.01 or over, except those bearing on their face the A. B. A. no
protest symbol of the Federal Reserve bank or of a preceding bank endorser.
(3) WIRE ADVICE of nonpayment o f all items of $1,000 or over.

A ll Federal Reserve banks will receive, handle and forward cash items only in accordance with these
uniform instructions, and any contrary or special instructions noted on cash letters or otherwise transmitted
with cash items will be disregarded.
I f a bank should desire to have any cash items handled by us or by any other Federal Reserve bank
under any instructions differing from the uniform instructions given above, it will be necessary for such
bank to forward such item as an individual noncash item, with the instructions noted in the letter of trans­
mittal for collection and credit when paid, in accordance with the terms o f our current circular relating to
the collection of noncash items.




SECTION 7. TE L E G R A PH IC COSTS
Charges for all telegrams pertaining to payment, nonpayment or tracing of items, or in connection with
receiving or transmitting any other information or instructions, will be made at commercial rates against
the banks from which such items were received; telegrams to such banks will be sent “ collect” .
SECTION 8. TIME SCHEDULES AND A V A IL A B IL IT Y OF CREDITS
"We publish and furnish to member and nonmember clearing banks time schedules showing when cash
items will become available for reserve and withdrawal or other use by the sending banks after receipt by
us at our head office or branch. For all items received as cash items the sending bank will be given immediate
credit or deferred credit, in accordance with such time schedules and as provided in Regulation J. Credit
for letters containing items unassorted as to availability may be deferred for the longest period of availability
prescribed by the current time schedules of this bank with respect to any item enclosed, not to exceed
three business days.
Time schedules do not in many instances show the actual time required for collection, and advices
received from us showing the availability of items cannot be considered as advices of actual payment on the
dates of availability. Credit will in all instances be subject to receipt of payment by us in actually and
finally collected funds.
Immediate Credit
F or all such cash items as are accepted for immediate credit in accordance with our current time
schedules, immediate credit will be given upon our books at full face value in the reserve account or clearing
account upon the day of receipt, and the proceeds will at once be counted as reserve (in the case of a member
bank) and become available for withdrawal or other use by the sending bank; provided, however, that we
may in our discretion refuse at any time to permit the withdrawal or other use of credit given for any item
for which we have not yet received payment in actually and finally collected funds.
Deferred Credit
F or all such cash items as are accepted for deferred credit in accordance with our current time schedules,
deferred credit will be entered upon our books at full face value, but the proceeds will not be counted as
reserve nor become available for withdrawal or other use by the sending bank until the expiration of the
time specified in our time schedules, at which time credit will be transferred from the deferred account to
the reserve account or clearing account and will then be counted as reserve (in the case of a member bank)
and become available for withdrawal or other use by the sending bank; provided, however, that we may in
our discretion refuse at any time to permit the withdrawal or other use of credit given for any item for
which we have not yet received payment in actually and finally collected funds.
SECTION 9. D IR E C T SENDING OF CASH IT E M S TO O TH ER F E D E R A L R E SE R V E B AN KS
Member and nonmember clearing banks having a substantial volume of cash items payable in other
Federal Reserve districts which they wish to collect through the Federal Reserve banks, are urged to apply
to us for permission to send such items direct to the Federal Reserve banks and branches o f the districts in
which such items are payable for collection and credit to us. Appropriate instructions will be sent to the
banks to which such permission is granted.
When in our judgment a member or nonmember clearing bank has a sufficient volume of cash items
payable in other Federal Reserve districts to justify direct routing, we reserve the right to decline to accept
such items for collection unless they are routed direct to the Federal Reserve banks and branches of such
other Federal Reserve districts.

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The right is reserved to withdraw, add to, or amend at any time, any of the provisions of this circular.




A

llan

S proul,

President.


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102