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L a.oa.'iSGio-'H-i?  Area Wage Survey  Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area August 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-48   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Essex Middlesex  ^Suffolk : Boston  Norfolk  Plymouth  SOUTHWEST MfSSC t • • • 7 ^ ‘b uNiveasiTv Lti.s ■■■.;.; U.S. DEPOS! TOBY COPY  DLL' 2 8 1981  Preface This bulletin provides results of an August 1981 survey of occupational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Boston, Mass., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Boston, Mass., under the general direction of Gordon E. Bowen, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note: Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Boston area are available for the banking (February 1980), laundry and dry cleaning (August 1981), life insurance (February 1980), machinery manufactu­ ring (January 1981), and savings and loan (February 1980) industries. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. A report on occupational earnings and supplementary benefits for municipal government workers is available for the city of Boston. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.) For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U S. Government Printing Of­ fice, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $3.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Albany—Schenectady—Troy, N.Y. Anaheim—Santa Ana—Garden Grove, Calif, Atlanta, Ga. Baltimore, Md. Billings, Mont. Boston, Mass. Buffalo, N.Y. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga. Chicago, III. Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind. Cleveland, Ohio Columbus, Ohio Corpus Christi, Tex. Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—III. Dayton, Ohio Daytona Beach, Fla. Denver—Boulder, Colo. Detroit, Mich. Fresno, Calif. Gainesville, Fla. Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind. Green Bay, Wis. Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C. Greenville,—Spartanburg, S.C. Hartford, Conn. Houston, Tex. Huntsville, Ala. Indianapolis, Ind. Jackson, Miss. Jacksonville, Fla. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif. Louisville, Ky.—Ind. Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss. Miami, Fla. Milwaukee, Wis. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y. Newark, N.J. New Orleans, La. New York, N.Y.—N.J. Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C. Northeast Pennsylvania Oklahoma City, Okla. Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J. Pittsburgh, Pa. Portland, Maine Portland, Oreg.—Wash. Poughkeepsie, N.Y. Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass. Richmond, Va. St. Louis, Mo —III. Sacramento, Calif. Saginaw, Mich.. Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah San Antonio, Tex. San Diego, Calif. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif. San Jose, Calif. Seattle—Everett, Wash. South Bend, Ind. Toledo, Ohio—Mich. Trenton, N.J. Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va. Wichita, Kans. Worcester, Mass, York, Pa.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Surveys Now Available by Subscription  OwtlinooMi Termeesee* Qiotgli, MatfcpoNtan Aim Survey  In response to requests from librarians and other users, the Bureau of Labor Statistics now makes area wage publications available through a money-saving, one-year subscription. Area Wage Surveys report on earnings and benefits in major metropolitan areas. The bulletins cover office, professional, and technical, as well as maintenance, custodial, and material movement occupations in the areas listed on this page. Order from: Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C. 20402  Order Form  0  Enclosed is a check or money order payable to Superintendent of Documents.  Area Wage Surveys: about 70 publications, $90.*  □  Charge to my GPO account no.  0  Charge to MasterCard. Account no.  Expiration date  0  Charge to Visa.  Expiration date  Name Organization (if applicable) Street address *For mailing outside U.S., add $22.50.  City, State, ZIP Code  Account no.  Area Wage Survey  Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area August 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner November 1981 Bulletin 3010-48   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  <gr£To£  Page  Introduction.........................................................................  2  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers......................................... A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............................................................ A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................ A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers......................................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................................................ A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupation groups..................... A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations................. A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with • paired professional and technical occupations................................................... A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations .............................. A-11. Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations...................................................  Page  Tables—Continued A-14. A-15.  3 A-16. 6 A-17. 8  Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex . Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers............................... Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers .................................. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.............................................................  20 22 23  24  10 11  12 13 13  14  15  15  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers.................. 16 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers......................................... 18  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions: B- 1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks.......................................... 25 B- 2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers........................................................... 26 B- 3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full­ time first-shift workers.................................. 27 B- 4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers___28 B- 5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers........................................................... 29 B- 6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers............................................ 31 B- 7. Health plan participation for full-time workers........................................................... 32 Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey.................................... 34 B. Occupational descriptions........................................ 40 C. Job conversion table................................................. 52  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of  nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  B-series tables The B-series tables present information on minimum entrance salaries for  1965.  inexperienced typists and clerks; late-shift pay provisions and practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data separately for production and related workers and office workers on scheduled weekly hours  A-series tables  and days of first-shift workers; paid holidays; paid vacations; health, insurance, and pension plan provisions; and health plan participation.  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g. accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Appendixes Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981  Occupation and industry division  Secretaries...................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  9,172 4,552 4,620 261  38.5 39.5 37.5 39.5  Secretaries I................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  460  282.00 296.00 268.50 349.00  277.00 293.00 260.00 348.50  241.00258.50225.00307.00-  877 227 650  37.0 39.5 36.0  216.00 230.00 211.50  215.50 230.00 205.00  191.00- 240.00 215.50- 241.00 185.00- 240.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Secretaries fl................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,680 1,222 1,458 111  38.5 39.5 38.0 40.0  258.50 274.50 245.00 312.50  255.00 274.50 240.50 324.50  230.00248.50219.50307.00-  285.00 308.00 268.50 348.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Secretaries III............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  3,354 2,131 1,223 69  39.0 39.5 38.0 39.5  290.00 295.50 280.50 351.00  289.00 293.00 279.00 358.50  258.00265.00248.00311.00-  324.00 326.00 313.50 402.00  Secretaries IV.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,607 752 855 44  38.5 39.5 37.5 39.5  325.00 346.00 306.50 384.00  334.50 343.00 300.00 393.00  288.00320.00260.00374.50-  319.00 326.00 306.50 398.00  120 and under 130  359.00 366.00 347.00 438.50  Secretaries V............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  483 107 376  37.5 38.5 37.5  348.00 406.00 331.50  345.50 403.00 317.00  294.00- 399.50 378.00- 433.00 283.00- 374.00  Stenographers................................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  267 130 52  39.5 39.0 40.0  280.00 268.00 336.00  304.00 243.00 357.00  235.00- 308.00 210.00- 357.00 322.00- 357.00  Stenographers I........................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  107 75  39.0 38.5  268.50 281.00  246.00 266.50  Typists............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,982 668 1,314 52  38.0 39.5 37.0 38.5  202.00 205.50 200.50 307.00  Typists I....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,496 391 1,105  38.0 40.0 37.0  Typists II...................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  486 277 209 49  File clerks........................................ Manufacturing.....................~..... Nonmanufacturing..................... File clerks I................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  .  _  _  10  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10  97 9 88  -  -  -  -  _  72  -  -  -  -  539 221 318 2  493 314 179 2  292 148 144 4  329 266 63 32  97 68 29 25  33 4 29 29  459 261 198 15  557 375 182 1  532 361 171  471 337 134 2  526 388 138 7  162 97 65 10  85 3 82  259 44 215  -  -  ~  -  -  -  479 152 327 15  _  14 9 5  24 9 15  70  102 28 74  203 115 88  _  -  9 9  -  -  -  -  70  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  14  42  21  127  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  14  42  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  21 2  127 3  13  6  2  153 26 127  -  _  38 14 24 6  1  1  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  98 72 26 7  75 53 22 7  28 8 20 11  19 4 15 9  5 5  6 1 5 2  _  -  -  -  366 226 140 1  206 158 48 2  99 42 57 14  34 13 21 4  54 37 17 12  47 10 37  51 24 27  33 8 25  66 30 36  27 23 4  27 8 19 _  197 127 70 3  168 90 78  -  120 32 88 1  71  32  70  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  13  6  2  71  32  70  38 4 34  1 1  2 2  4 4  36 34  6 5 5  107 3 3  4 4 4  31 31 31  3 3 3  1 1 1  _ -  -  -  12 9 2  -  -  36 20 2  _  -  23 12 1  -  -  -  2 2  4 4  30 30  _  1 1  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  210.00- 357.00 210.00- 357.00  _  _  _  _  -  -  1 1  1 1  -  30 28  15 4  17 1  5 2  _  -  1 1  _  -  197.50 198.00 194.00 341.50  180.00180.00180.00248.50-  218.00 220.00 215.50 352.50  _  11  65 9 56  48 10 38  105 53 52  168 70 98  389 83 306  -  -  -  -  -  277 71 206 1  80 29 51 11  17 12 5 1  39 39  -  425 164 261 6  12 8 4  -  313 119 194 1  -  -  191.50 190.50 191.50  189.50 185.50 191.00  179.00- 205.00 177.00- 205.00 180.00- 205.00  _  11  48 10 38  100 53 47  155 67 88  373 72 301  239 51 188  334 99 235  138 10 128  23 11 12  2 1 1  -  8 8  -  65 9 56  _  11  -  -  39.0 39.5 38.0 38.5  235.00 226.00 247.00 311.50  228.00 212.00 239.50 341.50  200.00198.00222.00248.50-  _  _  _  _  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5  16 11 5  74 68 6  139 61 78  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  91 65 26 6  57 18 39 11  15 11 4 -  12 8 4 -  31 31  _  13 3 10  1,360 208 1,152  37.5 39.0 37.0  168.00 195.00 163.00  160.00 196.50 155.00  150.00- 184.50 175.00- 216.50 149.00- 170.50  10  85  268  261 35 226  69 11 58  69 27 42  92 46 46  179 51 128  39 19 20  9 9  _  _  -  -  571 81 490  37.5 38.5 37.5  162.00 191.00 157.00  153.00 196.50 150.00  150.00- 164.50 164.00- 218.50 150.00- 160.00  160  106 25 81  9 1 8  31 8 23  33 23 10  50 24 26  5  247.00 239.50 248.50 352.50  -  _  -  -  23 2 21  -  "  _  -  -  -  30 3 27  24  _  _  -  42 15 27  -  • -  _  -  152 43 109  15  -  _  -  165 101 64  -  -  _  -  -  179 54 125  -  10  _  _  -  117 5 112  -  24  _  -  832 550 282 33  59 6 53  15  100 64 36 22  1078 730 348 37  -  -  128 51 77 27  1012 544 468 5  61  10  217 103 114 41  1329 737 592 3  625 150 475  61  360 254 106 10  1309 551 758 20  296 16 280  -  609 337 272 40  927 416 511 17  106 17 89  72  -  -  -  11  -  -  -  10  85  278 9 269  10  35  132  -  268  -  -  -  -  10  35  132  160  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  99 9 90  460 and over  3  -  5  -  -  -  30  _  -  -  -  -  30 30  -  3 1 2 2  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  30  _  3 1 2 2  _  _  _  -  -  _  -  _  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  30 30  1 1  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  File clerks II.................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  482 96 386  37.0 39.5 36.5  171.50 188.50 167.50  165.00 190.00 165.00  153.00- 187.00 175.00- 200.00 153.00- 175.00  File clerks III................................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  127 96  36.0 35.5  209.00 203.50  210.00 210.00  Messengers.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  526 82 444  37.5 38.5 37.5  176.50 201.50 171.50  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  635 154 481 101  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.5  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  886 326 560  Order clerks.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  460  _  20  -  20  61 9 52  78  131 10 121  49 10 39  27 19 8  46 14 32  45 24 21  24 9 15  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  200.00- 215.00 200.00- 211.00  _  _  _  _  -  -  "  4 4  1 1  11 11  13 4  79 76  10  9  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  166.00 187.00 165.00  159.50- 186.50 160.00- 220.50 155.00- 184.50  _  2  -  -  103 16 87  63 10 53  91 6 85  51 12 39  18 8 10  6 2 4  8 7 1  1  -  107 5 102  -  2  53 4 49  1  225.00 257.00 215.00 263.50  218.00 246.00 193.00 290.50  181.00230.00181.00175.00-  252.50 283.50 240.00 333.50  _  _  _  8  9  63  -  -  137 7 130  41 3 38 -  84 46 38 2  66 17 49  -  73 11 62 2  -  -  38.0 39.0 38.0  203.50 212.50 198.50  196.00 210.00 190.00  175.00- 230.50 184.00- 238.00 170.00- 225.00  -  -  676 239 437  39.0 39.5 39.0  213.50 221.00 210.00  195.00 203.50 190.00  180.00- 260.00 193.00- 244.50 180.00- 260.00  _ -  Order clerks I............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  434 147 287  39 0 39.0 38.5  192.50 210.00 183.50  185.00 195.00 180.00  167.50- 203.50 192.50- 235.00 160.00- 190.00  _  _  _  32  -  -  -  -  -  32  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  6,219 1,395 4,824  37.5 39.5 37.0  227.50 244.50 223.00  215.00 228.00 211.00  184.50- 255.50 208.00- 263.50 174.50- 250.00  98  215  310  244  -  -  -  -  98  215  310  Accounting clerks I...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,120 95 1,025  37.0 39.5 36.5  162.00 189.50 159.50  158.00 184.00 151.00  135.00- 185.00 178.00- 209.50 133.00- 180.00  98  215  98  215  Accounting clerks II..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,322 566 1,756  38.0 39.5 37.5  212.00 221.50 208.50  201.50 212.00 195.00  175.00- 234.50 199.50- 236.50 170.00- 231.00  _  Accounting clerks III..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,337 680 1,657  37.5 39.5 37.0  260.50 263.00 259.00  240.50 247.00 237.00  215.00- 298.00 223.00- 313.00 215.00- 288.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Accounting clerks IV.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  189 54 135  39.0 39.0 38.5  331.00 352.00 323.00  324.00 382.50 324.00  270.00- 392.50 269.00- 412.00 270.00- 345.50  _  _  -  -  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................ Non manufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  799 356 443 26  38.5 39.5 38.0 40.0  233.00 245.50 223.50 311.00  230.00 238.00 220.00 235.00  200.00201.50195.00235.00-  262.00 272.00 247.50 402.00  7  21  7  21  “  _  Key entry operators........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,222 540 1,682 131  38.0 39.5 38.0 38.5  214.00 240.00 205.50 320.00  200.00 235.00 189.00 341.50  176.00202.00171.00305.00-  240.00 277.00 230.00 341.50  _  9 9  78  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  _ -  -  -  _ -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 12 11  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  48 15 33 28  12 12  20 15 5 5  21  1  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  52 28 24 12  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  8  9  -  "  -  63 30  -  -  89 37 52  194 60 134  58 22 36  144 95 49  99 34 65  57 12 45  7 6 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  60 13 47  6 6  -  116 23 93  -  -  56 18 38  -  -  -  -  _  _  32  _  113 88 25  47 46 1  69 14 55  24 24  8 8  31 31  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  118 10 108  150  -  84 18 66  -  -  -  -  _  150  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  84 18 66  _  118 10 108  81 56 25  21 20 1  66 11 55  21 21  8 8  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  3 3  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  324 45 279  390 73 317  443 90 353  1053 317 736  861 273 588  567 188 379  363 95 268  167 34 133  153 80 73  146 100 46  494 17 477  29 21 8  40 20 20  78 13 65  27 11 16  3  244  214 18 196  182  93  94  116 4 112  66 25 41  35 4 31  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  94  125 27 98  4  93  79 35 44  13  182  13  4  -  -  "  -  -  -  "  -  -  _  128  151  43 9 34  27 25 2  10 5 5  _  -  -  -  -  151  125 27 98  -  128  189 67 122  -  -  325 120 205  _  -  384 163 221  _  -  249 76 173  _  -  219 46 173  1  -  219 10 209  132  -  120 18 102  132  1  -  -  -  -  _  _  8  26  106 22 84  100 55 45  95 93 2  346 17 329  17 17  _  -  -  -  -  181 56 125  _  -  346 115 231  17 17  -  482 149 333  _  -  553 129 424  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  11 6 5  43 12 31  4 3 1  22  40 2 38  11 11  9 4 5  3 3  11 11  -  31 13 18  3  -  1 1  22  46 18 28 “  156 47 109 15  71 30 41  93 54 39 “  9 5 4 “  68 44 24  27 12 15  1  -  3 2 1 1  -  ~  23 22 1 1  297 108 189 3  196 84 112 3  116 55 61 6  74 27 47 14  86 64 22 18  19 5 14 14  76 4 72 72  5 5 -  -  -  32  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8  26  60 10 50  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  7  21  7  21  20 10 10  26 16 10  145 74 71  -  “  -  “  47 22 25 -  38  99  38  99  234 25 209  236 15 221  303 26 277  261 66 195  -  -  "  168 42 126 1  -  4  -  '  ~  -  _  -  -  -  _  -  '  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1 1  460 and over  21 21  1 1 _ -  -  -  3  -  -  3  5  _  3  5 5  -  "  3 *3  1 1 -  2 2 -  2 2  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  1,537 211 1,326  38.0 39.5 37.5  198.50 206.00 197.50  185.00 208.00 183.50  170.00- 215.00 180.50- 225.00 169.00- 209.00  673 329 344 Nonmanufacturing..................... * All workers were at $460.00 to $490.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  39.0 39.5 38.5  249.00 262.00 236.00  245.50 252.00 236.00  220.00- 277.00 233.00- 288.00 211.00- 266.00  Key entry operators II..................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  460  9 9  38 38  _  -  460 and over  -  _ -  _  -  99 99  230 25 205  221 15 206  275 26 249  122 10 112  188 37 151  171 66 105  62 13 49  9 2 7  11  22 8 14  10  70  _  _  _  _  _ 10  _ 70  _  -  -  -  -  11  4  15  28  _ 15  _ 28  73 29 44  120 42 78  132 71 61  107 53 54  61 27 34  62 56 6  9 5 4  6 4 2  5 5  _  _ 4  46 32 14  1 1  2 2  2 2  -  -  -  _ -  5  _  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  150 and under 170  170  190  210  230  250  270  290  310  330  360  390  420  450  480  510  540  570  610  650  190  210  230  250  270  290  310  330  360  390  420  450  480  510  540  570  610  650  690  Computer systems analysts (business).................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  2,357 594 1,763  38.5 39.5 38.0  465.00 505.00 451.50  464.50 384.00- 547.00 512.00 454.00- 568.50 441.50 368.50- 532.00  -  “  Computer systems analysts (business) 1............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  430 67 363  38.5 39.5 38.5  324.50 358.50 318.50  317.50 347.00 307.00  293.00- 347.00 325.50- 376.00 288.50- 344.00  _ -  .  Computer systems analysts (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  974 171 803  38.0 39.5 37.5  451.00 468.50 447.00  438.00 476.50 429.00  387.50- 499.00 435.00- 493.50 384.00- 509.00  Computer systems analysts (business) III............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  953 356 597  38.5 39.5 38.0  542.50 550.00 537.50  540.00 494.00- 581.50 554.00 517.00— 577.00 532.00 480.00- 595.00  _ -  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  2,294 837 1,457  38.0 39.0 37.5  373.00 401.00 356.50  369.00 323.50- 424.50 386.00 345.50- 459.50 353.50 298.00- 404.50  -  287.50 325.50 280.00  280.00 269.00- 311.00 335.00 279.50- 352.50 275.00 259.50-'303.50  .  .  "  ”  -  _  _ -  . “  .  .  -  _  -  _ -  .  .  -  -  117 4 113 1  94 24 70  _  _  -  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business) 1............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Computer programmers (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  534 87 447  37.5 39.0 37.0  13  17  13  17  13  17  _ 13  63 1 62  118 8 110  83 10 73  135 20 115  230 26 204  167 18 149  218 56 162  202 50 152  266 107 159  216 73 143  218 89 129  212 100 112  112 14 98  67 19 48  20 3 17  _ 17  63 1 62  117 8 109  51 10 41  80 20 60  48 13 35  24 5 19  17 10 7  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  32  53  _ 1  _ 32  _ 53  123 12 111  138 40 98  114 25 89  122 56 66  62 6 56  56 18 38  37 1 36  4  -  181 13 168  51  -  51  4  -  _  _  _  _  1  -  -  -  _ -  2  “  2  1  20 1 19  63 6 57  88 25 63  144 51 93  154 67 87  162 71 91  175 99 76  61 14 47  63 19 44  20 3 17  28  61  76  28  61  76  175 39 136  160 20 140  151 49 102  405 185 220  386 138 248  193 79 114  275 95 180  197 129 68  85 23 62  84 67 17  11 8 3  6 4 2  1 1 -  -  28  61  76  28  61  76  160 33 127  69 6 63  46 3 43  72 28 44  14 9 5  5 5  3 3 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  15 6 9  91 14 77  105 46 59  322 157 165  258 64 194  104 65 39  87 65 22  37 35 2  4 4  8 8  1 1 -  -  -  -  11  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ 11  114 65 49  84 9 75  185 27 158  160 94 66  81 19 62  6 4 2  1 1 -  -  320 55 265 30  331 86 245 2  261 124 137 1  172 72 100  215 84 131  114 57 57  125 63 62  -  -  60 54 6 3  15 12 3 3  5  -  210 64 146 55  5 5  4 2 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  93 4 89  268 50 218  216 26 190  99 54 45  40 25 15  15 4 11  7 6 1  55 2 53  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  24  52 5 47  111 60 51  149 70 79  94 34 60  159 69 90  67 43 24  66 29 37  30 28 2  2 1 1  _  -  -  -  -  16 11 5  40 8 32  89 33 56  95 35 60  -  -  -  -  -  1  7  -  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  -  -  _  _  ~  “  _ "  _ *  “  _ ”  _ -  _ -  _ “  _ -  .  1,032 465 567  38.0 39.0 37.5  365.00 379.00 353.50  357.00 336.00- 385.00 366.50 336.00- 414.50 355.00 326.50- 375.00  Computer programmers (business) III............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  728 285 443  38.0 38.5 37.5  446.50 460.00 438.00  446.00 462.50 435.50  403.00- 478.00 414.00- 510.00 402.00- 469.00  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities....  2,092 705 1,387 117  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.0  272.50 297.00 260.00 302.00  263.00 285.00 246.00 359.50  225.00250.00220.00215.00-  Computer operators 1................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  932 195 737  38.5 39.5 38.0  232.50 242.50 229.50  225.00 210.00- 249.00 248.00 224.50- 264.00 220.50 205.00- 242.00  Computer operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  763 343 420  38.5 39.0 38.0  283.50 294.00 274.50  280.00 291.00 275.00  252.50- 306.00 257.50- 317.50 236.00- 304.50  Computer operators III................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  332 167 165  39.0 40.0 38.5  358.00 367.00 348.50  361.00 375.00 346.00  334.50- 378.00 334.50- 394.00 335.00- 364.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  1  -  -  1  14 13 1  Peripheral equipment operators.....  182  37.0  210.00  193.50  165.00- 242.00  50  37  15  24  17  20  11  r  312.00 338.00 298.50 359.50  _  _  -  -  45  94 24 70  45 15 45 45  24  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  690 and over  6  76 59 17  10 7 3 4 4  5  4 4  -  5  -  -  58 53 5  15 12 3  _  -  4 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 150 and 170  170  190  210  230  250  270  290  310  330  360  390  420  450  480  510  540  570  610  650  190  210  230  250  270  290  310  330  360  390  420  450  480  510  540  570  610  650  690  37 23 14  4  33 4 29  11 5 6  20 15 5  1  4  1  7 5 2  3  136 97 39  164 137 27  126 86 40  200 117 83  208 151 57  211 109 102  148 82 66  345 173 172  3  3  60  10  2  2  1  217.00- 264.00 210.00- 250.00 247.50- 300.00  _ -  _ -  76 65 11  120 100 20  81 56 25  101 47 54  62 23 39  40 6 34  8  10  8  10  270.00- 340.00 257.00- 295.00 299.00- 360.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  34 28 6  43 29 14  97 70 27  135 118 17  123 70 53  70 33 37  Computer data librarians................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  152 52 100  38.0 38.5 37.5  222.50 241.50 213.00  210.00 242.00 199.50  188.50- 250.00 199.50- 274.00 181.00- 234.00  7  32  7  32  Drafters............................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  2,943 1,608 1,335  40.0 40.0 39.5  355.00 339.50 374.00  354.00 336.00 367.00  280.00- 422.00 260.00- 414.00 303.50- 440.00  3  3  3  Drafters I.....................................  81  39.5  202.50  200.00  190.00- 208.00  Drafters II..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  498 297 201  40.0 40.0 40.0  244.50 230.50 265.50  242.50 222.00 260.50  Drafters III.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  731 385 346  40.0 40.0 39.5  305.50 281.50 333.00  295.00 282.00 340.00  251 94 157  374 229 145  260 114 146  198 86 112  133 59 74  125 65 60  38 9 29  110 31 79  68 6 62  33  18  -  -  -  -  33  18  “  "  —  “  69 48 21  216 139 77  131 60 71  211 155 56  97 32 65  68 21 47  10 10  “  “  1 1  9 3 6  52 28 24  130 74 56  145 82 63  130 65 65  123 59 64  125 65 60  38 9 29  Drafters IV.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  860 498 362  40.0 40.0 39.5  379.50 371.00 390.50  376.50 342.00- 412.00 375.00 342.00- 394.00 388.00 343.00- 432.50  _  "  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  10 10 -  48 33 15  Drafters V.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  773 386 387  40.0 40.0 40.0  462.00 455.00 469.00  460.00 420.00- 505.00 454.00 418.50- 500.00 465.00 420.00- 517.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................  3,082 1,530  40.0 40.0  417.00 347.50  413.50 346.00  333.00- 521.00 • 304.00- 386.00  _ "  _ -  _ -  _ -  44 34  84 70  198 172  176 152  217 193  334 266  316 269  295 228  148 113  58 33  36  1176  "  ~  ”  Electronics technicians II............. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  711 527 184  40.0 40.0 40.0  345.00 336.00 370.50  339.50 334.00 358.50  317.00- 376.00 311.00- 372.50 330.00- 387.00  _ -  _ -  _ "  _ -  5  27 22 5  67 61 6  48 42 6  120 98 22  206 155 51  184 137 47  16 10 6  2 2  -  36  5  36  ”  ~  Electronics technicians III............ Manufacturing............................  1,963 637  40.0 40.0  470.50 392.50  521.00 414.50- 521.00 397.00 367.00- 417.50  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  -  3 3  21 7  34 34  114 99  132 132  279 218  146 111  58 33  -  1176 “  "  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing............................  192 133 59  39.5 40.0 38.5  355.50 353.50 360.00  346.00 326.00- 386.50 337.50 323.00- 373.50 346.00 329.50- 396.00  _ -  _ "  _ -  “  -  9 9  9 1 8  19 15 4  14 11 3  59 43 16  35 31 4  22 5 17  17 10 7  7 7  1 1  “  -  ”  -  ■  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  -  "  20 20  20  20  690 and over  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Boston, Mass., August 1981 Av erage (nr ean2) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  File clerks:  Nonmanufacturing..................................  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Office occupations men  File clerks II......................................................  Average (mean2)  52  38.0  200.50  325 278  37.5 37.5  172.00 168.50  352 75 277  37.0 39.5 36.5  Secretaries.............................................................. Manufacturing....................................................  38.5 39.5 37.5  232.50 226.00 243.00  37.5  Nonmanufacturing................................. ............  1,227 196 1,031  37.0  166.50 195.00 161.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  491 80 411  37.5 38.5 37.5  161.00 190.50 155.50  Secretaries I........................................................  File clerks III........................................................ Nonmanufacturing.............................................. 9,104 4,551 4,553 261  38.5 39.5 37.5 39.5  282.00 296.00 268.50 349.00  876 227 649  37.0 39.5 36.0  216.50 230.00 211.50  2,679 1,222 1,457 111  38.5 39.5 38.0 40.0  258.50 274.50 245.00 312.50  3,352 2,131 1,221 69  39.0 39.5 38.0 39.5  290.00 295.50 281.00 351.00  Transportation and utilities.............................  1,602 751 851 44  39.5 37.5 39.5  346.00 306 00 384.00  Secretaries V....................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  482 107 375  37.5 38.5 37.5  Stenographers......................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Transportation and utilities.............................  255 118 42  Stenographers I................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Secretaries II....................................................... Manufacturing....................................................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  452 277 175  244.00 297.50 230.00  Office occupations -  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Typists II.............................................................. Manufactunng.................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................  Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks III............................................ Manufacturing............................................. Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Number of workers  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Switchboard operatorreceptionists ................................................ Manufacturing....................................................  86 344  39.5 36.5  163.00  126 96  36.0 35.5  209.00 203.50  183  38.0  184.00 177.50  562 418 101  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.5  229.00 259.00 218.50 263.50  886 326 560  38.0 39.0 38.0  203.50 212.50 198.50  597  39.0  411  39.0  Order clerks I....................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  378 117 261  38.5 39.0 38.5  187.00 204.00 179.50  Accounting clerks................................................ Manufacturing....................................................  5,350 1,242 4,108  37.5 39.5 37 0  226.50 241.00 222.00  347.50 406.00 331.00  Accounting clerks I.............................................  1,068 90 978  36.5 39.5 36.5  161.50 189.00 158.50  39.5 38.5 40.0  277.00 261.00 331.50  A  96 64  39.0 38.5  259.00 269.50  Typists..................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  1,931 665 1,266  38.0 39.5 37.0  201.00 205.50 198.50  Typists I................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  1,479 388 1,091  38.0 40.0 37.0  191.00 191.00 191.00  Manufacturing....................................................  Nonmanufacturing.........................................  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. .•  1,989  Payroll clerks........................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing...................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  8  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  1,929 540 1,389 130  38.0 39.5 37.5 38.5  215.00 240.00 205.00 321.00  211 1,155  39.5 37.5  200.00 206.00 199.00  329  39.5  262.00  1,342 995  38.0 38.0  487.50 474.50  Computer systems analysts (business) I: Nonmanufacturing..............................................  143  38.5  320.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  564 482  38.0 37.5  464.00 463.50  624  38.5  549.00 548.50  1,225 806  38.0 37.5  379.50 366.50  253 230  37.0 37.0  286.00 279.00  583 300  38.0 37.5  374.00 362.50  Computer programmers (business) III.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  389 276  38.0 37.5  449.00 443.50  Computer operators................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing.....................................  1,533 502 1,031  38.5 39.5 38.0  306.50 256.00  125 527  40 0 38.0  224.50 248.50 218.50  561 258 303  38.0 39.0 37.5  284.00 298.50 271.00  265 119 146  39.0 40.0 38.5  365.00 385.50 348.00  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................ Key entry operators II: Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  208.00 206.50 209.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Average (mean2) Number of workers  1,484  37.5  210.50  1,950 601 1,349  37.5 39.5 37.0  264.00 258.50 266.00  163 117  38.5 38.5  331.50 325.50  723 337 386  38.5 39.5 38.0  231.00 241.00 222.00  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)........................ Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Computer programmers (business) I.................................................. Computer programmers (business) II.....................................................  Nonmanufacturing........................................  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  40.0  360.50  39.5  381.50  70  39.5  202.00  413 281 132  40.0 40.0 40.0  240.50 229.00 264.50  649 322 327  39.5 40.0 39.5  309.50 284.50 334.50  2,686 1^221  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  794 448 346  40.0 40.0 39.5  381.50 373.00 392.50  760 378 382  40.0 40.0 40.0  462.50 456.50 469.00  576  39.5  395.00  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Computer operators II: Manufacturing.....................................................  79  39.0  280.00  Computer data librarians.......................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  102 57  38.0 38.0  218.00 205.50  919 611  38.0 37.5  361.00 347.00  281 64 217  38.0 38.5 37.5  288.50 314.50 280.50  243 129 114  40.0 40.0 39.5  294.50 297.50 291.00  227  37.5  350.00  85 69  40.0 40.0  264.50 266.50  Drafters III............................................................. Manufacturing.....................................................  78 59  40.0 40.0  276.00 265.50  Drafters IV.............................................................  60  40.0  358.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  182 129 53  39.5 40.0 38.5  353.50 350.00 362.00  Computer programmers  Computer programmers (business) II:  Computer operators:  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Professional and technical occupations - women  Electronics technicians: Electronics technicians III: Manufacturing.....................................................  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*) Number of workers  9  193  39.0  272.00  248 70 178  38.0 39.0 38.0  248.50 232.00 255.00  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of  till imhm workers  Middle range2  Under and 6.30 under 6.60  Maintenance carpenters................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  407 257 150  9.10 9.18 8.95  9.14 8.55- 9.61 9.14 8.67- 9.36 9.11 8.00-10.10  _  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  990 749 241  9.95 9.94 9.96  9.89 9.11-10.77 9.89 9.11-10.30 10.03 9.07-10.95  Maintenance painters..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  262 114 148  8.33 8.86 7.92  8.34 6.99- 8.97 8.75 8.34- 8.88 7.13 6.67- 9.18  Maintenance machinists................. Manufacturing............................  533 533  9.58 9.58  9.65 9.15- 9.94 9.65 9.15- 9.94  _  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,146 1,074 72  9.01 8.97 9.50  8.87 7.80- 9.89 8.87 7.56- 9.89 10.03 7.80-10.93  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........................... Manufacturing......................... . Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  527 90 437 369  11.23 9.63 11.56 11.72  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  483 465  9.94 9.99  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing............................  81 77  Millwrights....................................... Manufacturing............................  10.93 9.17 11.78 12.91  9.69-12.91 8.70-10.60 10.70-12.91 10.70-12.91  6.60  6.90  7.20  7.50  7.80  8.10  8.40  8.70  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13.00  13.40  14.20  6.90  7.20  7.50  7.80  8.10  8.40  8.70  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13.00  13.40  14.20  15.00  9  _  15  4  -  -  9  -  15  4  _  _  _  6  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  _  31  32  31  32  19 6 13  -  -  -  -  18 18  9 1 8  10 5 5  34 26 8  19 16 3  46 24 22  20 19 1  135 118 17  25 11 14  44 5 39  10 6 4  23 18 5  .  _  -  -  -  -  39 2 37  2 2  46 39 7  29 24 5  67 62 5  124 111 13  53 30 23  282 248 34  55 53 2  112 57 55  73 44 29  10 2 8  21 9 12  8 8  3 3  14 1 13  7 2 5  4 2 2  22 8 14  _  -  -  -  60 59 1  12  -  14 9 5  12  5 5  3 3  32 32  43 43  110 110  178 178  39 39  23 23  80 69 11  27 26 1  61 57 4  139 139  70 70 -  210 198 12  50 50  -  22 16 6  5 5  4  24 24 -  45 23 22 22  25 5 20 20  -  4 1  10 6 4 4  13 4  14 14  30 30  174 173  6 6  6 6  16 16  14 14  _  _  -  -  73 71 2  5 5  -  _  _  -  -  36 35 1  38 29 9  130 130  -  -  2  -  -  23  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  23 16  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 2 4  4 4  3 3  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  29 28 1  _  -  45 29 16  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  6 6  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  69 69  17 17  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  83 83  -  -  5  _  _  -  9 9  _  -  -  -  -  -  108 87 21  -  -  -  -  -  5  -  -  130 14 116 87  -  21  6  -  34  _  -  _  -  -  -  _  -  21  6  -  -  -  -  -  125 9 116 116  55  -  -  18 4 14 14  55 55  34 34  39 39  98 98  6 6  23 19  43 43  _  _  _  _  -  -  33 33  _  -  -  -  13 12  10 8  33 33  2 2  2 2  6 6  _  _  _  .  .  -  -  -  -  2 2  .  -  2 2  117 115  _  7 7  4 4  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  9.58 9.36- 9.89 9.58 9.36- 9.89  _  _  _  _  2  _  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  9.80 9.85  9.89 9.36- 9.89 9.89 9.36- 9.89  _  _  _  _  1  _  _  _  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  155 153  9.10 9.11  9.14 9.14  9.14- 9.22 9.14- 9.22  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  6 6  _  -  3 3  -  -  Maintenance trades helpers........... Manufacturing............................  99 80  6.40 6.09  6.45 5.81  5.67- 6.92 5.25- 6.92  • 45 45  14 4  4 4  21 19  7 6  _  2 2  _  _  _  3  _  _  _  3  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing............................  117 117  9.08 9.08  9.14 8.85- 9.33 9.14 8.85- 9.33  _  _  2 2  1 1  1 1  _  3 3  _  -  4 4  38 38  44 44  7 7  17 17  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  Tool and die makers....................... Manufacturing............................  810 810  9.94 9.94  10.00 9.09-10.50 10.00 9.09-10.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  146 146  5 5  86 86  218 218  92 92  4 4  17 17  21 21  37 37  _  -  62 62  _  -  103 103  _  -  9 9  _  -  10 10  -  -  -  Stationary engineers....................... Manufacturing............................  185 144  10.16 10.18  9.64 8.84-12.06 9.64 8.84-12.06  _  _  _  10 9  36 36  22 6  29 17  3 3  12 7  _  36 36  _  _  _  -  10 10  6  -  10 10  _  -  6 6  _  “  1 1  1  -  3 3  -  -  -  35 35  23 23  6 6  13 13  3 3  37 37  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  36 1 165 8.68 8.67 7.15- 9.50 5 6 Boiler tenders.................................. _ 36 155 8.81 8.87 8.47- 9.81 1 1 Manufacturing............................ • Workers were distributed as folk>ws: 21 under $5.40; 5 at $5.40 to $5.70; 15 at $5.70 to $6.00; and 4 at $6.00 to $6.30. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  10  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Truckdrivers.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  3,257 1,178 2,079 973  9.80 9.11 10.20 12.54  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  839 111 728  Truckdrivers, medium truck.........  Median*  3.30 and under 3.40  3.40  3.50  3.90  4.30  4.70  5.10  5.50  5.90  6.30  6.70  7.10  7.50  7.90  8.30  8.70  9.10  9.50  9.90  10.30  10.70  11.30  3.50  3.90  4.30  4.70  5.10  5.50  5.90  6.30  6.70  7.10  7.50  7.90  8.30  8.70  9.10  9.50  9.90  10.30  10.70  11.30  11.90  192  62  192  62  . -  -  -  -  6.61 5.55 6.77  7.24 4.13- 8.75 5.25 4.50- 6.29 8.75 3.75- 8.75  _ -  _ -  192  62  192  62  36 30 6  16 16  952  10.53  10.40 10.21-12.71  -  -  -  -  8  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Nonmanufacturing.....................  936 683  11.16 11.91  11.59 9.20-12.71 11.59 11.59-12.71  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Shippers.......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  454 222 232  6.72 6.39 7.02  6.00 5.35- 8.05 6.25 5.35- 7.58 5.95 5.00- 9.58  _ -  -  -  -  8 8  95 24 71  45 42 3  Receivers........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  872 197 675  7.83 6.49 8.22  8.17 6.40- 9.38 6.72 5.33- 7.32 8.66 6.90- 9.38  _ -  -  _ -  -  4 3 1  37 36 1  Shippers and receivers................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  474 258 216  6.18 6.40 5.93  6.00 5.50- 6.69 6.25 5.65- 6.89 5.75 5.50- 6.00  -  -  -  -  5 5  Warehousemen............................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  2,425 509  7.46 9.23  6.98 6.98- 8.13 9.53 8.66-10.08  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Order fillers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,598 373 1,225  6.62 7.35 6.39  7.95 4.86- 8.20 8.36 6.42- 8.36 7.95 3.75- 7.95  _ -  155  155  155  155  6 6  Shipping packers............................. Manufacturing............................  612 374  4.86 5.53  4.52 3.40- 5.62 5.45 4.52- 6.04  -  186  9 9  Material handling laborers............... Manufactunng............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  2,054 1,080 974  5.75 5.55 5.97  5.50 4.97- 5.80 5.76 4.97- 5.76 5.38 4.35- 7.05  -  -  214  Forklift operators............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  760 484 276  7.40 7.65 6.96  7.73 6.40- 8.31 8.05 6.98- 8.31 5.25 4.40- 9.65  _ -  _ -  Guards............................................. Manufactunng............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  7,571 965 6,606  4.25 6.97 3.86  3.65 3.50- 4.15 7.00 6.60- 7.46 3.55 3.50- 4.00  168  894  168  894  Guards I....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  7,036 881 6,155  4.16 7.01 3.75  3.65 3.50- 4.00 7.00 6.60- 7.46 3.55 3.50- 3.87  168  876  168  Guards II...................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  535 451  5.49 5.29  5.08 4.25- 6.67 4.25 4.25- 6.59   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  41 41  41 17 24  . -  4.20 3.95- 4.86 4.69 9,897 6.49 5.06- 7.72 1,924 6.42 4.27 4.15 3.95- 4.26 7,973 8.64 7.61- 8.64 8.21 183 5 at $11.90 to $12.50; and 929 at $12.50 to  44 30 14  22 19 3  8.75-12.71 8.67-10.40 8.75-12.71 12.71-12.71  Janitors, porters, and cleaners....... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities..... * Workers were distributed as follows: Also see footnotes at end of tables.  10.40 9.22 11.59 12.71  Middle range*  -  25 10 15  56 55 1  44 13 31  47 14 33  47 45 2  11.90 and over  50 27 23 22  26 25 1 1  435 32 403 3  319 309 10 2  16 8 8 2  8  416 415 1 1  165 118 47  267  *934  8 8  267  -  -  934 934  “  400 400  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  401  -  -  313  -  15 -  47 47  267 267  336 336  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  37 14 23  11 4 7  14 14  1 1  -  -  39 6 33  6 4 2  3 3  -  22 19 3  25  -  4  13  10  15  8  23  -  1  3  122  6  -  -  25 25  -  18  5  -  -  197 8  8  -  -  18  71 37 34  22 10 12  27 21 6  35 27 8  7 4 3  28 28  9 9  20 20  -  -  -  87  -  -  87  -  18 16 2  79 17 62  67 6 61  38 18 20  63 29 34  61 31 30  28 13 15  103 4 99  42 24 18  3  183  133  12  1  3  183  133  12  1  -  -  -  115 35 80  107 40 67  97 66 31  37 24 13  31 22 9  29 29  5 4 1  “  - -  -  7  -  10 3 7  25 25  -  6 5 1  7  -  -  -  -  -  3 3  28 7  60 4  29 1  63 4  55 3  1448 17  67 6  14 4  107 11  202 101  28 27  47 47  130 130  87 87  20 20  13 13  24 24  -  42 9 33  55 9 46  51 51  61 23 38  62 30 32  52 22 30  8 2 6  3 2 1  671 19 652  198 198  4 4  6 6  2 2  2 2  -  65 39 26  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  67 64  62 51  20 7  81 76  70 64  41 34  3 -  31 27  “  25 25  17 17  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  37 12 25  175 62 113  452 386 66  131 30 101  535 385 150  39 11 28  138 110 28  81 74 7  -  10 10  2  1  -  10  228  1  -  -  -  -  -  2  1  10  228  1  -  -  “  -  -  25  50  25  50  25  2 2  7 7  108 108  12 12  97 97  5 5  100 100  -  -  “  -  -  -  104 6 98  -  22  11 11  -  -  4 4  -  137 131 6  22  25  51 1 50  . -  -  3789 2 3787  1137 2 1135  196 5 191  108 40 68  108 65 43  133 65 68  108 35 73  147 122 25  357 300 57  146 92 54  118 107 11  77 58 19  49 42 7  -  3  2  1  -  3  -  2  1  -  30 30 -  _ -  876  3732 2 3730  985 2 983  163 5 158  100 34 66  100 63 37  89 44 45  76 35 41  97 92 5  334 294 40  98 92 6  107 107  39 39  42 42  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  30 30  _ -  _  18 18  57 57  152 152  33 33  8 2  8 6  44 23  32 32  50 20  23 17  48 48  11 11  38 19  7 7  -  3 3  -  2 2  1 1  -  _ -  _ -  18  150 150  1103 23 1080 -  4791 20 4771  1286 127 1159  613 312 301  210 155 55  183 120 63  205 136 69  361 351 10  -  -  -  -  -  89 67 22 20  156 114 42 42  250 225 25 13  214 118 96 96  29 20 9 9  -  1 1  -  26 26 -  _ -  -  212 110 102 2  1  18  -  _ -  -  $13.10.  214  11  -  -  -  -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Boston, Mass., August 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters..................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  Maintenance painters.......................................................... Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)...................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  396 255 141  9.09 9.18 8.92  980 749 231  9.95 9.94 9.98  253 114 139  8.30 8.86 7.83  526 526  9.58 9.58  1,142 1,070 72  9.01 8.98 9.50  527 90 437 369  11.23 9.63 11.56 11.72  483 465  9.94 9.99  81 77  9.80 9.85  155 153  9.10 9.11  86 70  6.29 6.02  116 116  9.08 9.08  Maintenance mechanics  Millwrights............................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................................  Manufacturing.................................................................  Boiler tenders...................................................................... Manufacturing................................................................  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  810 810  9.94 9.94  173 144  10.20 10.18  165 155  8.68 8.81  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  T  LH •  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  497 299  4.74 5.57  973  5.59  646 467  7.06 7.66  6,689 886 5,803  4.27 7.01 3.85  6,266 805 5,461  4.17 7.06 3.75  423 342  5 72 5.54  6,460 1,800  4.96 6.42  142  8.12  75  5.36  Material handling laborers:  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  3,248 1,177 2,071 972  9.81 9.12 10.20 12.55  837 110 727  6.61 5.54 6.77  Truckdrivers, medium truck..............................................  946  10.54  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer............................................... Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  936 683  11.16 11.91  208  6.39  189  6.47  446 243 203  6.12 6.40 5.79  Guards..................................................................................  811 760  3.92 3.70  2,289 432  7.45 9.41  Guards I............................................................................ Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  715 667  3.90 3.67  1,347 365  6.79 7.40  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Manufacturing.................................................................  120  6.46  Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Shippers: Receivers:  Manufacturing................................................................  Manufacturing................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  12  Guards I............................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................................  Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities......................................... Material movement and custodial occupations - women Shipping packers:  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Boston, Mass., selected periods  Period5  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing  All industries  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  124.9 138.8  125.2 138.8  129.8 144.2  126.6 139.6  126.3 137.8  126.2 139.2  127.0 141.1  128.9 142.6  127.0 140.5  126.9 140.0  124.1 138.5  124.6 138.1  «  5.5 7.6 8.1 6.9 6.4 6.0 7.9 9.2 11.1  (*) 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.7 8.0 8.7 10.9  6.2 7.5 9.2 7.4 5.9 8.7 6.8 9.7 11.1  6.6 8.5 7.9 8.6 7.3 7.3 7.6 9.6 10.3  6.1 9.1 8.2 8.0 6.5 7.1 8.0 9.2 9.1  5.9 7.2 7.7 8.2 7.1 5.9 8.3 10.0 10.3  (•) 7.4 7.7 6.9 5.9 7.7 7.9 9.3 11.1  6.8 8.1 9.9 7.8 6.3 8.5 8.6 9.4 10.6  6.4 8.1 7.6 9.1 6.6 7.7 7.6 9.6 10.6  6.3 9.1 8.4 8.5 7.4 5.5 9.5 9.9 10.3  5.2 7.8 8.3 6.3 6.1 6.0 7.7 8.7 11.6  6.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 6.3 8.0 8.5 10.8  o  5.1 6.4 7.8 6.7  Indexes (August 1977=100):  126.2 136.4  c)  Percent increases:  August 1980 to August 1981........................................................................  Unskilled plant  Industrial nurses  5.4 9.1 8.2 7.7 6.0 8.2 7.2 8.8 8.1  o 0 o o o  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100  Occupation for which earnings are compared  Ste­ nogra­ phers  Secretaries  1  II  III  IV  V  Secretaries I....................................................................................................................... 87 80 68 59 100 73 63 Secretaries II...................................................................................................................... 115 100 86 Secretaries III...................................................................................................................... 125 116 100 84 74 Secretaries IV..................................................................................................................... 147 137 118 100 88 Secretaries V..................................................................................................................... 171 160 134 114 100 o c) 80 66 60 Stenographers I.................................................................................................................. 84 69 62 53 Typists I.............................................................................................................................. 77 97 86 79 69 67 Typists II............................................................................................................................. 70 52 46 File clerks 1.......................................................................................................................... 76 62 60 53 File clerks II......................................................................................................................... 86 80 71 92 80 72 67 62 File clerks III................................................................................................. ..................... 83 75 64 55 49 Messengers......................................................................................................................... 91 80 69 61 Switchboard operators........................................................................................................ 101 Switchboard operator71 71 95 94 80 receptionists.................................................................................................................... («) 93 88 82 0 Order clerks I...................................................................................................................... 46 77 77 66 58 Accounting clerks 1............................................................................................................. 78 68 64 93 87 Accounting clerks II............................................................................................................ 106 103 90 77 57 Accounting clerks III........................................................................................................... 82 76 112 112 97 Accounting clerks IV.......................................................................................................... 100 89 76 69 99 Payroll clerks....................................................................................................................... 89 84 74 65 59 Key entry operators l......................................................................................................... 74 65 95 84 Key entry operators II......................................................................................................... 107 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 115 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 115 percent of (or 15 percent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I  Typists  II  I <•>  126 <■) 151 167 100 o  96 76 o o  78 96 95 o o  90 116 122 114 100 106  File clerks  119 129 145 160 190 o  100 114 86 94 100 88 117  I  103 116 127 145 150 104 87 100 73 87 o  80 102  132 142 162 191 216 131 117 137 100 114 133 107 124  II  III  116 125 140 167 187 « 106 116 88 100 112 92 128  108 125 140 148 160 « 100 o  75 89 100 85 117  110 105 127 120 115 o o o 99 127 o « 100 M 108 118 108 122 105 125 127 72 153 137 126 o c> 147 134 164 117 112 136 129 134 112 102 102 101 122 121 109 136 122 110 more than) the earnings of Secretaries I.  Switch­ Switch­ board Order Mes­ board opera­ clerks sen­ opera­ tor gers tors -recep­ I tionists 120 133 157 183 203 129 114 126 94 109 118 100 127  99 110 125 145 164 105 85 98 81 78 85 79 100  106 107 125 140 141 105 91 95 79 84 87 81 94  107 114 122  124 130 104 124 107 176 138 130 126  106 97 85 103 87 125 113 94 105  100 102 86 101 121 138 111 96 108  See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  13  Accounting clerks  I  II  III  IV  94 97 112 129 175 87 79 140 66 73 80 94 115  89 89 103 121 132 82 68 75 61  83 95 76 104 100 118 96 105 95  72  o  92  o  <■)  77 103  97 117  108 114 128 146 157 112 82 95 80 84 93 80 97  98 100 82 106 105 « 108 95 103  116 123 100 117 132 147 108 108 118  99 94 85 100 96 135 109 94 106  p)  0 « 79 101 <*)  129 129 151 174 216 c)  100 o o  Payroll clerks  n «  57 80 o  68 74 85 100 91 72 86  Key entry operators I  II  101 100 113 132 144 88 85 89 74 78 75 72 89  112 119 135 155 169 100 98 99 82 89 98 77 107  93 106 118 135 154 94 83 92 74 82 91 79 96  90 93 93 92 104 110 100 89 95  104 106 93 107 95 139 113 100 120  93 97 85 94 105 117 105 83 100  Table A-9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Conr puter systems anal ysts (business) 1  Computer systems analysts (business) I........................ Computer systems analysts (business) II...................... Computer systems analysts (business) III....................... Computer programmers (business) L Computer programmers (business) II............................. Computer programmers (business) III............................ Computer operators I.................. Computer operators II................. Computer operators III................ Peripheral equipment operators.. Computer data librarians............ Drafters I.................................... Drafters II.................................... Drafters III............... .................. Drafters IV................ ................. Drafters V................................... Electronics technicians II........... Electronics technicians III.......... Registered industrial nurses.......  II  Computer programmers (busi­ ness) III  1  II  Computer operators  III  I  II  III  Drafters I  II  III  IV  V  Electronics techni­ Regis­ cians tered in­ dustrial II III nurses  100  83  67  109  94  73  153  121  90  o  132  «  143  120  o  o  94  76  92  120  100  83  157  130  108  186  158  127  208  201  194  174  144  121  102  129  110  125  149  121  100  184  151  124  224  188  156  «  239  250  210  181  149  118  163  134  146  92  64  54  100  80  65  128  110  88  o  137  162  139  111  94  76  99  c)  91  106  77  66  124  100  81  148  132  103  156  161  (•>  155  129  107  83  101  91  101  123 67 76 97 64 62 c) 65 77 93 120 99 110 99  100 56 62 78 c) 49 c) 50 64 82 98 82 90 83  179 100 125 147 86 100 84 94 115 135 178 140 156 141  162 80 100 119 72 81 72 82 97 117 148 115 129 117  129 68 84 100  o 116  « 120 140 170  198 107 122 145  o  100 104 c)  206 100 123 140 96 100 (•) 97 109 132  155 87 103 123 C) 92 70 81 100 123 148 120 136 115  122 74 86 97 (•) 76 57 68 81 100 120 93 106 95  102 56 68 80 C)  122 71 87 105 (•) 84 (*) 73 84 108 128 100 118 100  111 64 77 90 67 67 (*) 61 74 94 110 84 100 88  120 71 85 99 80 71 61 71 87 105 125 100 113 100  137 65 83 111  o o 70 76  84  o  <•> 107 131 109  92 54 63 79 48 50 52 57 70 83 98 77 91 80 ^ for method  81 155 45 78 53 91 64 114 0 o 42 73 40 62 48 72 55 90 67 106 85 132 61 101 75 n 68 110 of computation.  Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Peripher­ Comput­ al equiper data ti tent op­ librarians erators  14  71 59 69 81 103 124 95 111 101  139  o  o c) o o 0 150 125  o  119 148 140  o  <•> 100 119 143 175 205  o  c) 165  o  103 84 100 123 148 181 138 164 141  C)  49 55 67 83 100 78 91 80  Table A-10.Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Trades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  tenders  Mechanics Carpenters Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  o  96 99 92 97  95 100 92 96  99 105 95 106  128 144 115 155  106 117 99 108  89 93 86 95  91 94 87 91  100 108 97 104  103  96  96  93  <•>  115  90  89  104  <•) 100 100 99  o  0  o  102 101 100 82 97 111 115 102  151  « 114 109 103  98 89 90 87 74 88 104 100 85  103 102 104 98  100 106 95 103  95 100 92 98  105 109 100 108  97 102 93 100  101 103 96 103  100 103 99  99  97  104  97  100  101 108 109 106 87 101 116 115 104  o  Maintenance mechanics Maintenance mechanics 100 97 101 104 105 100 101 95 70 78 94 85 112 108 106 110 93 100 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  97 104 105 108  104 104 94 64 92 105 110 96  c)  87 111 112 96  100 104 o c) o  (•) o  102 97  96 100 100 98 66 88 107 112 98  o  91 108 111 96  o  122 100 <■> 147 136 o  o  100 119 114 97  94 93 90 68 84 100 96 87  o  103 115 118 100  Table A-11.Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Truckdrivers  Occupation for which earnings are compared Light truck  Medium truck  92 Truckdrivers, light truck..................................................................................... 100 108 100 Truckdrivers, medium truck............................................................................... c) o Truckdrivers. tractor-trailer................................................................................ 100 Shippers............................................................................................................ 106 0 (•) Receivers.......................................................................................................... 0 106 Shippers and receivers...................................................................................... 106 c) Warehousemen................................................................................................. <•) o Order fillers........................................................................................................ 109 80 Shipping packers.............................................................................................. 101 <•) Material handling laborers................................................................................. 96 o Forklift operators............................................................................................... 103 <•> Guards I............................................................................................................ 106 102 Guards II........................................................................................................... 82 91 Janitors, porters, and cleaners.......................................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tractortrailer <•) o 100 78 <•) (•> 92 « c) 73 81 o o 71  Shippers  Receivers  95 100 129 100 105 117 104 65 70 85 101 84 c) 86  o 0 o 95 100 112 94 81 65 82 <■) 82 0 79  15  Shippers and receivers o 94 o 85 89 100 111 88 76 82 103 99 o 89  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  95 o 108 96 106 90 100  n  84 91 104 83 94 81  o o o 153 124 114 o 100 96 113 141 100 c) 94  Guards  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  92 125 c> 142 155 132 119 104 100 o 142 111 122 100  99 c) 138 118 122 121 109 88 o 100 115 95 o 91  o 104 123 99 <*) 97 96 71 70 87 100 91 85 88  1  II  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  97 o n 120 123 101 121 100 90 105 110 100 112 94  94 98 o o o o 106 o 82 <•> 117 89 100 88  110 122 141 116 127 113 124 106 100 110 114 107 114 100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in estabiishments employing 500 workers or more in Boston, Mass., August 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in dol ars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  120 and under 130  130  140  140  150  160  Secretaries..................................... Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  7,216 3,547 3,669 216  39.0 39.5 38.0 39.5  283.00 298.00 268.50 360.00  278.00 294.50 259.00 348.50  238.50259.00220.00324.50-  Secretaries!................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  634 173 461  37.5 40.0 36.5  204.00 229.00 195.00  200.00 228.00 191.00  185.00- 225.00 214.50- 239.00 178.00- 210.00  _ _ -  _ -  Secretaries II................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,298 966 1,332 96  39.0 40.0 38.0 40.0  258.00 274.00 246.00 325.00  254.00 270.00 244.00 335.00  229.00246.00219.50307.00-  285.00 308.00 270.00 348.50  _ -  _ -  Secretaries III............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,739 1,684 1,055 45  39.0 39.5 38.0 40.0  294.00 301.00 283.00 373.50  292.00 299.00 282.50 372.00  260.50270.50249.00349.50-  326.00 326.00 320.00 402.00  Secretaries IV.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,083 549 534 38  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  336.50 352.00 320.00 384.00  343.00 351.50 327.00 393.00  309.00333.50268.00353.00-  366.00 366.00 361.00 446.00  Secretaries V............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  291 62 229  38.5 39.5 38.5  369.50 422.50 355.00  378.00 428.50 349.00  317.00- 419.50 399.00- 447.00 310.00- 400.00  Stenographers................................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  236 99 52  39.5 39.5 40.0  289.00 285.50 336.00  308.00 268.00 357.00  246.00- 308.00 240.00- 357.00 322.00- 357.00  _ -  _ -  Stenographers I...........................  76  40.0  291.50  265.00  246.00- 357.00  -  -  Typists............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  764 351 413 52  39.0 40.0 38.0 38.5  209.50 219.50 201.00 307.00  202.00 206.00 188.00 341.50  175.00194.00159.00248.50-  231.50 241.50 224.00 352.50  _ -  11  Typists I....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  428 150 278  38.5 40.0 37.5  185.00 199.00 177.00  180.00 200.00 174.00  157.50- 205.00 177.00- 212.50 151.00- 194.50  _ -  11  Typists II....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  336 201 135 49  39.5 40.0 38.5 38.5  240.50 234.50 250.00 311.50  225.00 222.00 240.00 341.50  202.00202.00212.00248.50-  254.00 262.00 253.50 352.50  _ -  _ -  File clerks........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  611 69 542  38.0 39.5 37.5  162.00 189.00 158.50  156.00 190.00 153.00  146.00- 171.50 180.00- 200.00 145.00- 165.00  10  48  -  -  -  -  10  48  168  File clerks I................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  237 211  38.0 37.5  165.00 164.00  157.00 155.00  148.00- 180.00 146.50- 180.00  10 10  18 18  File clerks II.................................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  179 140  38.0 37.5  168.50 160.00  162.50 157.50  151.50- 186.50 149.50- 165.00  _  _  -  -  324.00 330.00 309.00 398.00  _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _  _ _ _  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  430  460  10  88  74  10  88  74  97 8 89  265 16 249  504 112 392  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  . _ -  72  61  _ 72  _ 61  59 6 53  117 5 112  134 45 89  129 74 55  44 25 19  15 15  3 3 -  -  -  -  -  _  10  15  8  15  _ 8  239 35 204  423 143 280  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  441 167 274 2  416 238 178 2  231 94 137 4  302 239 63 32  70 41 29 25  33 4 29 29  1  10  85 3 82  1  -  23 2 21  1 1  1  -  -  -  _  5  15  39  _ 15  _ 39  342 207 135  459 288 171  -  -  -  -  -  406 269 137 1  402 282 120 2  472 334 138 7  153 88 65 10  89 63 26 7  69 53 16 1  22 8 14 11  5  _ 5  163 75 88  16  -  82 8 74  6  -  19  21  62 _ 62 3  63 31 32 1  67 30 37 3  152 80 72  261 164 97 1  206 158 48 2  64 19 45 8  34 13 21 4  54  _ 21 2  60 16 44  6  2  28  16  26  28 4 24  _ _ _ _ -  _ _ -  .  _  _  .  14  _ "  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ 14  _ 19  -  -  921 425 496 5  938 545 393 3  778 416 362 5  808 551 257 37  725 459 266 33  97 64 33 19  38 14  -  -  -  6  12  2  33  48  25  36  4  19  31 31 31  3  1  4  3  1  -  -  -  4  30  -  1  _  _  _  2 2  -  -  -  _ -  _  -  6  2  28  16  26  _  _  _ -  1 1  2 2  4 4  8 6  -  -  -  -  20 9 1  36 20 2  12 9 2  6 5 5  107 3 3  4  _ -  1 1  -  -  1  1  1  -  2  12  17  5  -  2  11  65 9 56  48 10 38  40 13 27  63 20 43  63 20 43  -  -  -  -  78 49 29 1  80 29 51 11  13 12 1 1  39 39  -  176 115 61 6  8 8  -  47 26 21 1  -  -  11  65 9 56  48 10 38  35 13 22  50 17 33  47 9 38  27 12 15  85 50 35  27 10 17  23 11 12  2 1 1  -  _  _  5  -  _ -  _ 5  13 3 10  16 11 5  20 14 6  51 39 12  8 8  31 31  -  -  -  57 18 39 11  11 11  -  91 65 26 6  -  -  -  168  122 122  96 16 80  33 1 32  44 18 26  30 14 16  53 18 35  6 1 5  46 46  49 49  41 25  9 8  25 17  7 7  27 26  5 5  37 37  43 43  31  13 13  18 8  19 5  17  16  104 33 71 27  18  .  _ -  3  176 80 96 29  24  .  _ -  31  324 227 97 10  26  .  _ -  -  474 257 217 40  25  .  _ -  -  460 and over  795 340 455 2  _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  | 150  30  -  3  30 30  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 1 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8 8 -  30  -  30 30  1 1  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 -  -  -  -  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  120 and under 130  130  160  150  140  170  160  150  140  190  180  170  220  200  190  180  280  260  240  220  200  300  280  260  240  340  320  300  340  320  380  360  400  380  360  400  430  430  460  460 and over  77 5 72  42 6 36  39 10 29  40 6 34  33 12 21  18 8 10  6 2 4  8 7 1  1  23 12 11  ” “  -  ” "  ~ —  -  -  -  -  1  8  9  17  -  -  '  20 15 5 5  -  “  34 6 28 28  -  "  52 28 24 12  12 12  -  74 36 38 2  38 17 21  “  56 11 45 2  -  17  32 3 29  1  9  137 7 130  21  8  . -  _ -  _ -  10 3  15 14  11 5  11 5  25 9  12 12  3 3  7 6  6  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  . -  _ -  2  _  24 23  19 14  24 24  -  8 8  8 8  -  -  -  -  -  -  15 15  -  -  _ -  -  -  .  2  _  “  3 3  8 8  -  -  -  21 21  -  -  16 11  -  -  21 20  -  -  6 6  -  -  _ -  -  -  171.00- 288.00 215.00- 307.00 154.50- 274.00  98  203  266  150  141  203  266  150  141  137 5 132  131 29 102  162 47 115  442 141 301  420 156 264  274 118 156  133 75 58  82 32 50  93 70  84 68 16  490 17 473  29 21 8  40 20 20  60 13 47  27 11 16  -  98  144.00 144.00  133.00- 170.00 133.00- 166.00  98 98  203 203  182 182  70 70  70 70  49 44  34 18  31 28  47 41  35 31  13 13  4 4  -  “  “  “  -  -  -  -  -  209.00 215.00 201.50  175.00- 244.00 200.50- 250.50 168.00- 240.50  84  80  71  78  37 18 19  14 8 6  27 25 2  10 5 5  -  78  96 27 69  -  71  144 43 101  -  80  235 99 136  -  84  84 34 50  1  -  68 13 55  132  -  63 61  346 17  17 17  17 17  -  -  -  10  7  9  3  13 13  11 11  -  5  3  1  5  -  -  1  1 -  -  1  2  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  2  2  2  -  2  53 4 49  218.50 181.00- 263.50 246.00 226.00- 279.00 193.00 181.00- 244.00 290.50 290.50- 341.50  -  -  -  189.00- 246.00 185.00- 258.50  -  -  232.50 234.50  229.50 203.50- 247.50 232.50 203.50- 248.00  -  39.5 40.0  234.00 237.00  234.00 239.50  208.00- 247.50 208.00- 248.00  3,462 823 2,639  37.5 39.5 37.0  234.50 261.00 226.00  220.00 243.50 207.50  836 802  36.5 36.5  155.50 154.00  1,161 272 889  38.0 39.5 37.5  220.00 231.00 216.50  38.0 38.0 38.0  179.00 207.50 171.50  165.00 194.00 160.00  511 135 376 71  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.0  228.00 257.00 217.50 302.00  100 63  39.0 40.0  222.50 230.00  222.00 238.00  100 92  40.0 40.0  77 69  152.00- 192.00 174.00- 245.00 150.00- 184.50  ~  132  _  _  _  8  25  -  -  -  8  25  45 10 35  158 36 122  238 109 129  146 85 61  66 45 21  50 21 29  . -  . -  _  _ -  _ -  _ “  -  11 6  16 12  4 3  4  -  _ -  1  -  7  21  28  7  21  10  7  21  28  7  21  10  17 7 10  13 2 11  46 9 37  56 14 42  52 30 22  46 21 25  6 5  35 35  7  58  151 15 136  108 17 91  163 52 111  -  “  90 19 71 1  "  244 58 186 3  155 75 80 3  69 33 36 6  46 27 19 14  86 64 22 18  76  58  70 2 68  19  -  14 14  72 72  22  10  70  38.0 39.5 37.5  280.00 273.00 284.50  259.00 225.00- 359.50 258.00 230.00- 317.50 264.50 220.00- 359.50  -  . -  89 54  39.0 39.0  336.50 352.00  330.00 269.00- 412.00 382.50 269.00- 412.00  -  391 141 250  38.5 39.5 37.5  228.00 270.50 203.50  230.00 180.00- 262.00 269.00 240.00- 310.50 201.50 154.00- 236.00  1,347 376 971 131  38.5 40.0 38.0 38.5  227.50 250.50 218.50 320.00  223.00 244.50 207.00 341.50  184.00213.00176.00305.00-  818 107 711  38.0 40.0 37.5  213.00 214.50 212.50  195.00 209.00 193.00  250.00 285.50 239.50 341.50  “  21  58 45 13  1,237 463 774  250.50 39.0 517 265.0C 40.0 269 234.50 38.5 248 * Workers were distributed as follows: 7 at $460.00 to $490.00; and Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Middle range*  _  342 72 270  Switchboard operator-  Transportation and utilities.....  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  -  -  7 “  175.00- 230.00 186.50- 232.00 174.50- 230.00  _  7  58 58  66 2 64  136 15 121  103 17 86  67 10 57  108 24 84  121 16 105  30 13 17  9 2 7  11  7  245.50 228.00- 274.00 253.50 235.00- 302.50 235.00 214.50- 252.0C 1 at $550.00 to $580.00.  _ -  _  -  4  15  5  -  “  4  15  55 28 27  117 42 75  123 62 61  60 31  33 27  5  23 9 14  -  -  -  17  -  ~ 12 12  _  " 11 62 56  9 5  70 6  —  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August  Occupation and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business)......................... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing..........  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  1,824 428 1,396  38.0 40.0 37.5  476.50 493.00 471.50  475.50 500.50 464.50  397.50- 555.00 438.00- 551.00 389.00- 555.50  Computer systems analysts (business) I............................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  266 209  38.0 37.0  334.50 331.50  340.00 338.00  299.00- 368.00 295.50- 368.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  819 120 699  38.0 40.0 37.5  457.50 455.50 458.00  441.50 397.00- 510.00 441.50 422.50- 481.50 441.50 390.00- 516.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  739 251 488  38.5 40.0 37.5  549.00 545.00 551.50  540.00 533.50 550.00  497.00- 595.00 502.00- 579.00 494.00- 603.50  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,546 392 1,154  38.0 39.5 37.5  374.00 402.50 364.00  367.00 393.50 358.00  325.00- 424.00 349.00- 442.00 311.00- 418.50  Computer programmers (business) I............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  351 59 292  37.5 39.5 37.0  300.50 342.50 292.00  297.50 345.50 284.00  Computer programmers (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  759 234 525  38.0 39.5 37.5  362.50 385.00 352.50  357.50 383.00 350.00  Computer programmers (business) III............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  436 99 337  38.0 39.5 37.5  453.00 479.00 445.50  446.00 475.00 444.00  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  180  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  -  332.00- 384.00 348.50- 413.50 326.50- 374.50  _ _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ -  285.50 319.50 268.50  279.00 316.50 265.50  232.50- 335.00 265.50- 372.00 220.00- 310.50  12  43  _ 12  _ 43  Computer operators I................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  490 100 390  38.0 40.0 37.5  240.50 254.00 237.00  232.50 254.00 221.00  205.50- 258.50 232.00- 268.00 193.50- 249.50  12  43  _ 12  _ 43  Computer operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  509 184 325  38.5 40.0 37.5  288.50 310.50 276.50  284.50 300.00 276.50  260.00- 320.00 270.00- 341.00 244.00- 300.00  . _ -  264 158 106  39.5 40.0 39.0  364.00 372.00 352.50  364.00 378.00 347.50  336.00- 394.00 341.00- 396.50 335.00- 364.00  . _ -  _ -  36.5  207.00  188.00  159.00- 238.00  43 _ -  Computer data librarians................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  120 100  38.0 37.5  223.00 213.00  230.00 199.50  -  269.00- 330.00 309.00- 364.50 269.00- 319.50  38.5 40.0 38.0  162  184.00- 249.50 181.00- 234.00  240  240  260  280  -  300  390  300  390  -  16  15  -  16  15  37 4 33  78 15 63  104 20 84  174 26 148  148 18 130  172 46 126  16 16  15 15  37 33  45 30  74 54  48 35  24 19  7 7  33  28  125 13 112  110 12 98  _  _  “  “  -  -  _  _  _  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  33  28  450  480  480  510  570 570  188 64 124  171 52 119  122 40 82  147 19 128  128 40 88  114 25 89  76 10 66  62 6 56  51 13 38  31 1 30  _  _  57  4  37 6 31  66 25 41  109 42 67  126 58 68  120 39 81  91 39 52  90 19 71  69 22 47  38 21 17  11 8 3  5 3 2  2 2  -  -  5 3 2  2 2  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  2  1  “ “  ”  -  -  2  -  1  14 1 13  -  14  26  '  -  -  14  26  90 5 85  107 17 90  194 31 163  292 82 210  233 53 180  154 56 98  215 54 161  105 37 68  60 23 37  _  14  26  -  14  90 5 85  58 6 52  74 8 66  67 23 44  14 9 5  5 5  3 3  26  _  _  49 11 38  120 23 97  224 59 165  203 41 162  81 42 39  55 33 22  14 12 2  4 4  8 8  -  -  1 1 -  30 13 17  10 7 3  “ _  _  _  _  ~  -  "  “ -  _  _  _  _  1  ”  -  “  -  -  1  16 3 13  68 9 59  157 18 139  91 25 66  56 19 37  60 54 6  15 12 3  5 5  4 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  “  750  185 52 133  “  -  700  180 50 130  " ~  -  600  600  -  57  73 22 51  -  -  95 7 88  172 33 139  123 40 83  162 65 97  145 37 108  134 58 76  192 62 130  100 63 37  52 5 47  76 7 69  107 18 89  82 34 48  26 18 8  23 10 13  14 6 8  55 2 53  . -  -  10  19 19  65 15 50  32 6 26  103 43 60  102 27 75  73 33 40  64 27 37  30 28 2  2 1 1  _  _  -  5  _ -  -  -  -  3  _ -  -  •~  -  4 4 -  3  37 19 18  73 33 40  70 35 35  58 53 5  15 12 3  _  4 2 2  _  -  -  -  -  -  7  42  15  15  16  8  8  1  7  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  20 20  31 31  2 2  28 27  14  12 6  6 4  7 2  . -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _ -  _ 10  18  8  _  4 4  5  -  4 4  -  1 1  4  62 5 57  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  280  -  -  1,328 442 886  Peripheral equipment operators......  -  _ -  423.50- 475.00 441.50- 510.50 422.50- 469.00  220  -  Computer operators........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  Computer operators III................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  200  180  1 1  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  1,786 1,039 747  40.0 40.0 39.5  383.50 373.00 397.50  391.50 376.50 404.00  312.00- 454.00 312.00- 432.00 312.00- 472.50  56  40.0  207.00  200.00  195.00- 211.00  160 60  40.0 40.0  263.00 248.00  259.00 242.50  242.50- 288.50 228.00- 261.50  353 179 174  39.5 40.0 39.5  307.50 290.50 325.00  303.50 290.00 324.00  276.00- 339.00 265.00- 316.00 295.00- 355.00  Number of workers receiving straigh1-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  180  160 180  220  200  _  _  _  -  220  200  22 12 10  44 34 10  33 26 7  82 52 30  81 40 41  18  29  4  3  2  4  450  420  106 59 47  162 98 64  213 139 74  142 94 48  268 189 79  510  480  158 82 76  510  480  450  420  390  390  360  330  300  360  330  300  172 86 86  540 570  540  124 54 70  125 65 60  34 9 25  570  600  650  600  650  700  20 20  “  _ “  45 21  31 11  13 7  _  -  19 12  10  _  15 9  23  _  -  -  -  10 10  _  -  -  -  -  34 30 4  47 28 19  77 43 34  79 46 33  59 16 43  32 6 26  15  _  15  -  -  -  -  -  -  16 9  59 51  141 120  82 60  167 115  88 23  68 21  10  _  -  -  -  “  20  -  -  “  632 400  40.0 40.0  387.00 371.50  394.00 375.00  352.00- 425.00 346.00- 394.00  _  -  -  -  -  .-  1 1  585 358  40.0 40.0  475.00 456.50  480.00 460.00  429.00- 518.00 417.50- 500.00  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  3 3  28 28  86 74  70 59  104 65  114 54  1,530 1,318 212  40.0 40.0 39.5  354.50 346.00 406.00  348.00 340.00 411.00  306.00- 395.50 304.00- 386.00 334.50- 487.00  -  -  -  21 11 10  47 47  110 100 10  154 138 16  264 256 8  246 221 25  268 251 17  235 192 43  74 69 5  33 33  36  -  -  ~  -  36  42  “  ~  25 20 5  40 40  131 127 4  154 146 8  154 137 17  5 5  2 2  _  36  _  _  -  -  -  -  “ “  -  “  -  36  _  -  -  ~  ”  33 33  _  42  -  -  -  -  -  -  7 7  1 1  -  ~  —  552 477 75  40.0 40.0 39.5  349.00 340.00 406.00  340.00 336.00 384.00  319.00- 383.00 318.50- 376.00 358.50- 487.00  609 490  40.0 40.0  400.00 394.00  401.00 397.00  372.00- 418.00 372.00- 417.50  154 95 59  39.5 40.0 38.5  367.00 371.00 360.00  364.00 364.00 346.00  333.50- 390.50 337.50- 387.00 329.50- 396.00  -  -  -  -  -  5 _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  5  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  280  260  240  280  260  240  19  .  -  5  -  21 7  19 19  78 63  114 114  230 187  72 67  6 1 5  21 16 5  40 24 16  35 31 4  22 5 17  17 10 7  -  125 65  34 9  42  -  -  “ -  -  -  -  “  "  "  -  -  -  -  “  “  “  —- —-  -  -  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more in Boston, Mass., August 1981 Av erage (nlean®) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Office occupations men Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Average (mean*) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  160 131  38.0 37.5  167.50 160.50  154 133  38.0 37.5  187.50 179.00  447 134 313 71  39.0 40.0 38.5 39.0  233.50 257.50 223.00 302.00  Manufacturing....................................................  63  39.0 40.0  222.50 230.00  Manufacturing....................................................  2,950 682 2,268  39.5 37.0  232.50 258.50 224.50  36.5 36.0  154.00 152.50  Nonmanufacturing............................................. 170 123  37.5 38.0  Number of workers  Average (mean*) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  454 305  38.5 37.5  555.00 562.00  793 625  37.5 37.0  381.50 374.50  168 145  37.0 37.0  298.50 289.50  258  37.0  361.50  260 222  38.0 37.5  450.00 444.50  Nonmanufacturing.............................................  930 313 617  38.5 40.0 37.5  285.00 331.50 261.50  Computer operators 1...................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................  307 65 242  38.0 40.0 37.5  223.00 252.50 215.00  361 129 232  38.0 40.0 37.5  289.00 321.00 271.00  40.0 38.5  385.50 351.50  40.0 40.0 39.5  389.00 379.00 402.50  Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing..............................................  172.00 163.50  Accounting clerks: Accounting clerks III: 64  39.5  293.50  Office occupations women Secretaries...................................................... Manufactunng.................................................... Transportation and utilities............................. Secretaries I..................................................  Secretaries III...................................................... Manufacturing....................................................  Secretaries IV....................................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Switchboard operator7,148 3,546 3,602 216  39.0 39.5 38.0 39.5  283.00 298.00 268.00 360.00  633 173 460  37.5 40.0 36.5  204.00 229.00 195.00  2,297 966 1,331 96  39.0 40 0 38 0 40.0  258.00 274.00 246.00 325.00  2,737 1,684 1,053 45  39.0 39.5 38.0 40.0  294 00 301 00 283 50 373.50  1,078 548 530 38  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  336.00 352.00 319.50  290 62 228  38.5 39.5 38.5  369.00 422.50 354.50  224  39.5  286.50 278.50 331.50  42  40.0  713 348 365  39 0 40.0 38.0  220 00 193.50  411 147 264  38.5 40.0 37.5  183.50 200.00 174.50  Manufacturing.....................................................  302 201  39 5 40.0  237.50 234.50  Manufacturing......... '........................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  529 57 472  38.0 40.0 37.5  161.00 187.50 157.50  Typists I................................................................ Manufacturing.....................................................  Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufactunng.............................................. Transportation and utilities.................„..........  785  723  37.5 39.5 37.0  221.00 228.50 219.00  395 698  38.0 39.0 37.5  269.50 290.50  Accounting clerks IV............................................  70  39.0  339.00  Payroll clerks.................................................. Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing...........................................  354 131 223  38 5 39.5 37.5  225.50 269 00 200.00  Key entry operators: Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing:  376  40.0  250.50  130  38.5  321.00  Key entry operators I........................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  671 107 564  38.0 40.0 37.5  217.50 214.50 218.00  Key entry operators II: Manufacturing....................................................  269  40.0  265.00  Computer programmers (business) II: Computer programmers (business) III................................................ Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Computer operators.............................................  207 119 Drafters................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.........................................  125  40.0  264.00  Drafters III..................................................  310 149 161  39.5 40.0 39.5  306.50 288.50 323.00  572 350  40.0 40.0  389.50 373.50  572 350  40.0 40.0  476.00 458.00  199  39.5  409.00  75  39.5  406.00  539 429  40.0  404.00 397.50  Drafters V.................................................. 839  37.5  490.50  Computer systems analysts (business) I: 78  37.5  341.00  533 456  37.5 37.5  467.50 468.50  Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing..............................................  20  1,627 929 698  Drafters II.............................................................  Professional and technical occupations - men  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers  Nonmanufacturing...................................  Computer systems analysts  Number of workers  Manufacturing..................................  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Continued_________________________________________________ ____________________ ______ __________ .  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Professional and technical occupations - women  501  37.5  447.50  239 213  38.0 37.5  447.50 448.50  157  37.5  547.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III:  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  37.5 37.0  302.00 294.50  Computer programmers (business) II: 227  Computer systems analysts  37.5  37.5  Computer operators: 489  37.5  119  356.00  See footnotes at end of tables.  21  40.0  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  70 57  38.0 38.0  217.00 205.50  Drafters.................................................................... Manufacturing.....................................................  145 96  40.0 40.0  321.50 319.50  urauers iv............. .......... ....................................  54  40.0  363.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  91 53  39.5 40.0 38.5  365.50 367.00 362.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  of workers  350.00  Computer programmers (business) III: 115  Computer programmers (business):   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  183 147  Computer systems analysts (business):  Av srage (m ean1)  Average (mean*)  Average (mean*)  446.50  291.00  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  workers  Mean*  Middle range*  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  347 230 117  9.03 9.15 8.79  9.14 8.45- 9.32 9.14 8.67- 9.14 8.61 8.00- 9.71  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  752 579 173  10.09 10.17 9.83  9.89 9.22-10.60 9.89 9.58-10.48 10.03 8.77-10.95  Maintenance painters..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  233 105 128  8.41 8.86 8.04  8.69 6.99- 9.18 8.75 8.25- 8.88 7.18 6.67- 9.45  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................  432 432  9.72 9.72  9.65 9.20-10.30 9.65 9.20-10.30  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  815 743 72  9.53 9.54 9.50  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........................... Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities....  253 205 203  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Under and 6.30 under 6.60  6.60  6.90  7.20  7.50  7.80  8.10  8.40  8.70  9.00  9.30  9.60  9.90  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13.00  13.40  6.90  7.20  7.50  7.80  8.10  8.40  8.70  9.00  9.30  9.60  9.90  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13.00  13.40  over  _  9  _  9  -  9  -  9  4 4  10 5 5  34 26 8  19 16 3  46 24 22  20 19 1  106 97 9  21 4 17  16 1 15  7 5 2  10 6 4  23 18 5  _ -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  33 2 31  1 1 -  20 13 7  29 24 5  35 30 5  78 66 12  17 11 6  176 156 20  119 87 32  55 53 2  63 35 28  _  27  28  8 8  14 9 5  3 3 -  51 50 1  14 1 13  3  6 4 2  2  22 8 14  12  28  13 9 4  2  27  9 1 8  3  -  15 6 9  12  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  "  -  -  3 3  27 27  43 43  53 53  18 18  168 168  11 11  23 23  69 69  17 17  -  -  -  9.81 8.76-10.30 9.81 8.76-10.30 10.03 7.80-10.93  -  13 12 1  15 6 9  15 15  5 5  27 26 1  42 38 4  13 13  108 87 21  83 83  -  16 4 12  50 50  -  24 18 6  204 204  -  29 18 11  139 139  -  27 25 2  11.08 11.39 11.43  10.70 9.68-13.23 10.70 10.70-13.23 10.70 10.70-13.23  -  -  2 2  -  -  _ -  1 1 1  5 -  10 4 4  29 6 6  7 2 2  18 18 18  _  -  -  -  14 14 14  87 87 87  328 312  10.22 10.29  9.89 9.58-10.94 9.89 9.58-11.35  _  _  _  _  2  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  13 4  14 14  30 30  21 20  34 34  98 98  5 5  6 6  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing............................  72 68  9.85 9.91  9.89 9.40- 9.90 9.89 9.40- 9.94  _  6 6  6 6  2 2  10 8  29 28  6 6  Millwrights....................................... Manufacturing............................  137 135  9.07 9.07  9.14 9.14- 9.22 9.14 9.14- 9.22  16 16  2 2  98 96  1 1  .  Maintenance trades helpers........... Manufacturing............................  95 79  _  .  3  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing............................  -  _  _  _  1  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  6 6  _  -  3 3  _  -  _ -  6.26 6.07  6.44 5.54- 6.92 • • 45 5.81 5.25- 6.92 45  14 4  4 4  21 19  6 5  95 95  9.13 9.13  9.14 8.88- 9.48 9.14 8.88- 9.48  _  _  -  "  2 2  1 1  1 1  Tool and die makers....................... Manufacturing............................  495 495  10.34 10.34  10.37 9.19-10.68 10.37 9.19-10.68  _  _  _  -  -  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................  113 72  9.98 9.91  9.64 9.38-10.49 9.64 8.70-11.17  “  -  -  _  _  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  3 3  1 1  6 6  8.64 92 8.71 8.58- 8.94 5 6 Boiler tenders.................................. _ _ _ _ 8.90 8.87 8.66- 9.14 82 1 Manufacturing............................ • All workers were at $13.40 to $13.80. * * Workers were distributed as follows: 21 under $5.40; 5 at $5.40 to $5.70; 15 at $5.70 to $6.00; and 4 at $6.00 to $6.30. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  22  -  -  -  -  44 44  8 8  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  -  37 37  34  23 19  43 43  -  -  -  33 33  -  6  2 2  2 2  6 6  -  -  -  -  -  2  7 7  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  17 17  21 21  37 37  -  -  6  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  16 16  33 33  11 11  7 7  17 17  -  -  -  10 10  9 9  2 2  30 30  74 74  6 6  19 19  6 6  195 195  65 65  4 4  1  _  10 9  _  16  -  6 6  -  29 17  3 3  12 7  -  10 10  35 35  23 23  5 5  14 14  3 3  -  1 1  -  -  -  _  -  29 28 1  -  3 3  _  -  45 29 16  -  _  -  3 3  -  _  -  -  4 4  6  2 2  _  6 2 4  -  -  -  -  -  10 10  -  _  _  _  -  _  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  T ruckdrivers.................................... Manufacturing............................  1,398 896  10.21 9.39  10.40 9.20-12.71 9.22 9.20-10.40  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Manufacturing............................  89 61  5.95 5.98  5.75 5.25- 6.64 5.55 5.25- 6.64  Truckdrivers, medium truck.........  883  10.88  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer..........  326  Shippers.......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.30 and under 3.60  3.60  3.90  4.20  4.50  4.80  5.10  5.40  5.70  6.00  6.30  6.60  6.90  7.30  7.70  8.10  8.50  8.90  9.30  9.70  10.10  10.50  3.90  4.20  4.50  4.80  5.10  5.40  5.70  6.00  6.30  6.60  6.90  7.30  7.70  8.10  8.50  8.90  9.30  9.70  10.10  10.50  10.90  44 40  321 311  9 1  12 8  419 415  2  * 410  “  -  _ “  “  “  "  "  "  ”  “  -  -  4  122  6  -  400  1  313  4  -  -  6  199  1  8  15  1  92  4 4  15 15 “  “  . “  39  “  -  48  "  23 12 11  48  39  “  “  "  21 18 3  77 13 64  15 12 3  16 4 12  85 24 61  9  -  310  17  2  310  17  2  “  -  15 2  31 22  23 23  3 3  4 4  1  “  -  5  2  “  ■  “  "  ”  11 10 1  49 47 2  38 15 23  13 9 4  12 8 4  56 42 14  161 41 120  42  130  56  46  11  13  -  28 24 4  42  130  56  46  11  13  21  35  61  46  11  6  3  211  8  4  4  4  -  -  -  22 16  12 9  6 2  3  4  “  32 32  10 10  -  “  -  -  4 4  “  "  -  ~  105 30 75  47 18 29  27 2 25  36 11 25  42 32 10  46 25 21  11 7 4  “  12 10 2  -  -  -  “  ~  11 11 30 30  3 3  6 6  22 19  11 9  18 9  10 9  10 10  12 5  7 7  25 17  25 3  -  3 3  3 3  22 19  7 6  17 8  4 4  1 1  3 3  7 7  12 4  3 3  -  -  -  3  -  4  1  5  9  6  -  9  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  8  22 14 8  7 4 3  13 13  21 9 12  17 11 6  15 15  -  51 17 34  _ -  _ -  1 1  6 6  12 11 1  12 11 1  7 5 2  44 13 31  6 5 1  23 6 17  _ -  _ -  _ “  _ -  10 10  1 -  3 3  5 5  8 4  3 2  _ -  _ -  _ -  2  3  2  3  16 11 5  19 18 1  21 17 4  20 20  -  6  16  13  33  40  39  -  “  6 •  16 8  19 6  20 15  30  25  91 28 63  76 22 54  _ -  _ -  1  6  -  -  _  _  1  6  -  -  -  10.40 10.40-12.71  -  -  10.02  9.20 9.20-11.18  -  283 114 169  7.19 6.31 7.78  6.72 5.70- 9.58 6.33 5.60- 6.92 9.58 5.70- 9.58  _ -  Receivers........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  663 128 535  8.23 6.61 8.62  8.88 6.91- 9.38 6.72 5.60- 7.44 9.38 7.80- 9.58  _ -  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing............................  114 78  6.67 6.50  6.70 6.25- 7.24 6.70 5.77- 7.24  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  747 262 485  8.37 6.99 9.12  8.66 7.04- 9.53 6.82 5.96- 8.28 9.53 8.66- 9.83  Order fillers.....................................  561  6.90  6.75 5.60- 8.36  Shipping packers............................. Manufacturing............................  154 102  6.09 6.50  5.67 5.00- 7.77 5.96 5.31- 7.88  _ -  -  8  -  9  1  10  223  6  10  223  6  26 20  2 2  _ “  100 2  8 8  22  82 69  39 24  29 26  3  _ -  2  1  -  -  -  _ -  157 157  50 50  24 24  26 26  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  “  -  -  23 23  44 44  32 13  15 15  3 3  3 3  _ -  2 2  1 1  _  _  -  -  121 98 23 20  67 24 43 42  121 108 13 1  13  151 52 99 99  25 20 5 5  1  -  -  -  -  26 26  -  1 1  860 203 657  6.45 5.71 6.67  5.60 4.75- 9.58 5.55 4.90- 6.55 5.63 4.75- 9.58  24  30  25  48 18 30  Forklift operators............................. Manufacturing............................  320 194  8.46 7.64  8.33 7.14- 9.65 7.14 6.73- 8.05  _ "  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  1 1  7 7  21 21  18 18  51 51  11 11  40 40  Guards............................................. Manufacturing............................  1,836 864  5.90 7.10  6.13 4.10- 7.06 7.00 6.63- 7.64  35  312  201  43  -  -  -  -  57 5  58 31  68 40  52 27  63 24  61 30  33 15  184 141  282 245  201 157  Guards I....................................... Manufacturing............................  1,558 780  5.74 7.16  5.63 4.00- 7.00 7.00 6.80- 7.64  35  312  201  43  -  -  -  -  54 5  50 25  62 38  31 16  26 14  41 30  18 15  139 105  259 245  Guards II...................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  278 194  6.80 6.90  6.63 5.92- 7.49 6.99 6.01- 7.49  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  3 3  8 2  6 4  21 10  37 27  20 20  15 15  45 9  107 10 160 99 6.25 5.00- 7.05 1,862 6.24 _ Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ 22 38 8 6.53 6.64 5.56- 7.05 1,095 Manufacturing............................ 77 69 10 152 5.84 5.45 4.35- 7.23 767 Nonmanufacturing...................... 8.21 8.64 7.61- 8.64 183 Transportation and utilities..... • Workers were distributed as follows: 46 at $10.90 to $11.30; 5 at $12.10 to $12.50; and 359 at $12.50 to $12.90. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  108 77 31  116 75 41  94 61 33  81 64 17  163 104 59  154 83 71  -  -  -  -  -  -  245 235 10 2  23  25 24  1  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  24   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10.90 and over  13 13  “  -  30 30  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more In Boston, Mass., August 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters..................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  336 228 108  9.01 9.15 8.73 _  Maintenance electricians....................................................  .  Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  742 579 163  10.10 10.17 9.85  Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  224 105 119  8.38 8.86 7.96  425 425  9.72  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................................................... Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing..................................... ....................  811 739 72  9.54 9.54 9.50  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)................................................................ Nonmanufacturing.......................................................... Transportation and utilities.........................................  253 205 203  11.08 11.39 11.43  Maintenance pipefitters....................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  328 312  10.22 10.29  Shippers:  72 68  9.85 9.91  Receivers:  137 135  9.07 9.07  Shippers and receivers: Manufacturing.................................................................  Manufacturing.................................................................  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  82 69  6.11 6.00  94 94  9.13 9.13  495 495  10.34 10.34  101 72  10.02 9.91  92 82  8.64 6.90  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  611 203 408  8.52 6 99 9.28  Shipping packers: Manufacturing.................................................................  86  6.46  Material handling laborers: Manufacturing.................................................................  178  5.70  177  7.67  1,629 785  5.92 7.16  1,377 704  5.78 7.24  252 171  6.74 6.85  1,491 971  6.30 6.54  142  8.12  120  6.46  Forklift operators:  Guards................................................................................. Manufacturing................................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Manufacturing.................................................................  1,389 895  10.21 9.40  Truckdrivers, light truck................................................... Manufacturing  87 60  5.96 5.98  Truckdrivers, medium truck..............................................  877  10.88  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer...............................................  326  10.02  100  6.29  120  6.58  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  63  6.52  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Manufacturing................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  24  Guards II........................................................................... Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing:  Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for Inexperienced typists and clerks In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Other inexperienced clerical workers*  Inexperienced typists Minimum weekly straight-time salaries7  $225.00 and under $230.00.........................................  $240.00 and under $245.00......................... ...............  35.00-hour schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  37.50-hour schedules  industries  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  All schedules  178  58  XXX  120  XXX  XXX  178  58  XXX  120  XXX  XXX  XXX  65  28  23  37  14  9  86  30  26  56  27  11  7  _  _  _  3  _  _  1 1 1 1 5 2 2  1 1 1 1 5 1 2  1 1 2  1 2 1 3 7  1 2 1 3 6 1 1  5 1 5  1 2 2 4  3  1  3  ”  _  _ 2 1 1 2  _ 4 3 6 1 6 2 4 3 2 1 2  2 2 8 7 10 2 5 1 5  1  _  3 1 1 1  1 3  2  2 1 2  “ 1 1 2  -  1  3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1  1 5  2  2 2 8 7 11 4 6 4 12 5 2 5 3 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 1  _  _  — — -  -  -  “ -  “ “  -  -  -  -  2  -  “ “ -  -  “ “ “  4 3 7 2 7 3 9 5 4 1 5 1 1 4 1 1  2 1  3 1  2 1 1  1  1  -  “  “ “ " “ “ " “ -  “ 1  -  — -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  2  2  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10  XXX  15  XXX  XXX  36  15  XXX  21  XXX  XXX  XXX  20  XXX  68  XXX  XXX  56  13  XXX  43  XXX  XXX  XXX  3 1 1 2 1 1  _ _  _  _  2 1 1  2 1 1  2 1  -  -  —  _  _  _  1  —  —  —  _  _ — 1 —  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  2  2  25  88  Establishments having no specified  Establishments which did not employ  1  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37.50-hour schedules  All schedules  40.00-hour schedules  Establishments having a specified  $160.00 and under $165.00.........................................  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Manufacturing All industries  25  1 1 1  ~ ~  "  1 ” ” “ “ ~ ”  ~ -  ~ ~  “ -  -  “ -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Table B-2. Late-shfft pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production and related workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 (All full-time manufacturing production and related workers = 100 percent) All workers*  Workers on late shifts  Item Second shift  Third shift  Second shift  Third shift  Percent of workers In establishments with late-shift provisions............................................  80.1  75.0  13.6  5.6  With no pay differential for late-shift work................................ With pay differential for late-shift work.................................................. Uniform cents-per-hour differential....................................................... Uniform percentage differential....................................... Other differential...................................................................  1.5 78.5 16.6 54.4 7.5  1.7 73.3 16.6 49.2 7.5  .2 13.5 2.9 9.1 1.4  5.2 2.3 2.6 .4  12.8 9.9  17.6 11.8  12.7 10.0  16.4 11.8  7.0  1.2 1.7 .9 1.7 2.4  1.4  .4 .2 .3 .1 .2  Average pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour differential................................................... Uniform percentage differential........................................................ Percent of workers by type and amount of pay differential Uniform cents-per-hour: 10 cents........................................................................ 12 cents................................................................. 13 cents........................................................................................ 14 cents........................................................................ 15 cents................................................................................. 17 cents........................................................................................ 19 cents................................................................................... 20 cents.................................................................................. 25 cents............................................................ 32 cents...................................................................................  _  3.1 _ 5.0 1.3 _ .1 .2 -  Uniform percentage: 5 percent.................................................................................... 7 and under 8 percent................................................................ 10 percent ............................................................................... 12 and under 13 percent.................................................................................. 15 percent........................................................................... 20 percent.......................................................... ..................................... Other differential: Cents-per-hour based on straight-time earnings............................................................................................... See footnotes at end of tables.  26  .6 .5 .4  _  2.2 5.1 .2 1.3  3.4 4.7 42.0 1.0 2.1 1.2  2.3 24.0 6.2 16.7  7.5  («) .1  .6 .4 .1  .1 1.2 .4 .8  -  .7 1.1 6.1 (.0) .8 .3  7.5  1.4  .4  _  |  Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers by scheduled weekly hours and days All full-time workers............................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  hours-5 days....................................................... hours-5 days....................................................... hours-4 days....................................................... 1 /3 hours-5 days................................................ hours-5 days........................................................ hours................................................................... 3 days ................................................................. 4 days ................................................................. 4 1/2 days.......................................................... 5 days................................................................. 36 1/4 hours-5 days................................................ 36 1/2 hours-5 days................................................ 36 2/3 hours-5 days................................................ 37 hours-5 days........................................................ 37 1/2 hours-5 days................................................ 38 hours................................................................... 4 days................................................................. 5 days................................................................. 38 2/3 hours-5 days................................................ 38 3/4 hours-5 days................................................ 40 hours................................................................... 4 days................................................................. 5 days................................................................. 42 hours-5 days....................................................... 42 1 /2 hours-5 days................................................ 44 hours-5 1 /2 days................................................ 45 hours................................................................... 5 days................................................................. 5 1/2 days.......................................................... 50 hours................................................................... 5 days................................................................. 5 1/2 days..........................................................  2 1 <")  _  5 1 1  _ -  _ 2 10 2  _ 4 <“)  _ 3 13 3  2 ct 7 1 3  <“) -  3  -  20 25 32 34 35 36  2 2 1 1 (">  2 4 2 2  1  2  -  -  3 1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  2 4 3 (■■) 3 3 6 63  -  -  -  -  -  30 (“>  19  35 1  96  63 (■■)  96 2  5 2  2 2  1 3 1 (■■) 1 1 3 74 1 73 (■■) 2 4 2 2 1 (■■) 1  2 -  83 1 82 6 4 3 -  -  2 2 (■■I 2  -  10 1 4  -  62  4 40 (”) 40  3 74 1 73  4 26  38  26  38  c)  -  Co  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  38.1  39.3  37.6  38.5  <■■>  1  Average scheduled weekly hours All weekly work schedules......................................  39.4  39.9  38.7  40.3  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  27  ■  Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  100  100  100  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers............................................  100  In establishments not providing paid holidays........................................................ In establishments providing paid holidays........................................................  2  _  5  _  98  100  95  100  9.9  10.4  9.2  10.8  1 2 (”) c1) c) 1 2 <") 12 8 6 24 4 24 1 10 1 1 1  _  11 2 11 29 7 22 2 10 1 1 3  2 4 c) <”) 1 2 4 <") 13 15  . 1 4 _ 23  n  (-)  98 96 95 95 93 92 80 72 69 42 38 14 13 3 2 2 o‘>  100 100 100 100 100 100 89 87 81 47 40 17 16 5 4 3 c)  100  100  100  1  _  1  99  100  99  100  10.6  10.6  10.6  10.9  . _ _ 1 O') O') O') 5 7 5 20 4 29 3 20 3 1 O’) O')  _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 5 14 26 8 15 2 10 11 2 1 1  _ _ _ 2 O') O') O') 4 7 1 18 3 35 3 24  100  Average number of paid holidays For workers in establishments providing holidays................................................. Percent of workers by number of paid holidays provided 1 or more half days.................................................. 1 holiday................................................................... 3 holidays................................................................. Plus 6 half days.................................................. 5 holidays................................................................. 6 holidays................................................................. 7 holidays................................................................. Plus 2 half days.................................................. 8 holidays................................................................. 9 holidays................................................................. Plus 1 or more half days..................................... 10 holidays............................................................ .. Plus 1 half day.................................................... 11 holidays............................................................... Plus 1 half day.................................................... 12 holidays............................................................... Plus 1 half day................................................... 13 holidays............................................................... 14 holidays............................................................... 15 holidays............................................................... Over 19 days...........................................................  17 (■■) 26 1 10  55  -  "  95 91 89 88 86 82 69 54 54 37 36 10 10  100 100 100 100 100 100 99 96 96 72 72 17 17  -  -  -  -  -  -  17  -  _ _  _ _ _ _ _ 6 1 _  5 _  71  _ O')  _ 14 _ 3  _ -  _ _ -  Percent of workers by total paid holiday time provided1* 1 day or more.......................................................... 3 days or more......................................................... 5 days or more......................................................... 6 days or more......................................................... 7 days or more......................................................... 8 days or more......................................................... 9 days or more......................................................... 9 1/2 days or more.................................................. 10 days or more...................................................... 10 1/2 days or more................................................ 11 days or more....................................................... 111/2 days or more................................................ 12 days or more...................................................... 12 1/2 days or more................................................ 13 days or more....................................................... 14 days or more...................................................... 15 days or more......................................................  O')  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  99 99 99 98 98 98 93 86 84 61 57 27 24 4 1 c)  28  100 100 100 100 100 100 93 88 83 49 41 26 24 14 3 1 1  99 99 99 97 97 97 93 85 85 67 63 28 24  O') O')  100 100 100 100 100 100 94 93 93 88 88 17 17 3 3 -  -  -  .Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  100  100  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  100  100  All full-time workers............................................  100  In establishments not providing paid vacations...................................................... In establishments providing paid vacations...................................................... Length-of-time payment..................................... Percentage payment..........................................  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  100 92 8  100 90 10  100 93 7  100 91 9  100 99 c)  100 99 1  100 99 c)  100 99 1  17 30 9 5 2 (■■)  19 33 13 9  16 26 4  1 40  7 49 13 7 7 1  4 53 27 4 1  9 47 8 9 9 1  1 27  1 year of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................  47 49 4 1  41 58 1  6 78 8 8 (■■>  7 90 2  2 years of service: 1 week............................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks.............................  13 1 79 6 1  Amount of paid vacation after:1*  6 months of service: Under 1 week................................................. 1 week............................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks...........................................................  -  -  18 2 73 6  -  6  74 26  86 6 2  5 1 80 11 4  4 2 81 11 1  78 10 7  -  -  -  4 years of service: 1 week............................................................ Over 1 and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................  5 1 77 12 5 1  4 2 76 13 4  -  —  '  5 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................  3 46 18 33 1  2 50 24 24  3 41 10 44 1  -  19 55 26  "  -  -  -  54 39 6 1  -  3 years of service: . 1 week............................................................ Over) and under 2 weeks............................. 2 weeks........................................................... Over 2 and under 3 weeks............................. 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. Over 4 and under 5 weeks.............................  26  5 H  -  5  74 26 “  5  .  78 10 6 1  74 26 -  26 26 48 -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  29  -  1  5 33 62  38 62  1  2  1  86 11 <”) 1  72 14 14 (”)  1 (■■) 70 12 16 <■■) <•*>  1 1 78 12 8  1 <■*> 70 12 16 1 c)  1 1 76 13 9  c) 22 14 62 2 c)  (■■) 46 21 33  1  1  -  6 72 11 11 <■■)  76 13 10 <“>  1  62  1 67 12 20 <■■) “ 1 67 12 18 1  12 12 74 2 (■■)  “  -  _ 38 62 “  _ 38 62 -  8 62 30 -  Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 —Continued Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Office workers  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  10 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................  2 6 64 5 23  3 72 4 20  3 9 55 6 26  72 26 2  -  -  -  -  12 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks..................... ..................................... 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................  2 6 57 8 27 1  3 9 50 5 33  55 26 18  -  3 63 10 22 1 -  -  -  15 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... Over 3 and under 4 weeks............................. 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks.............................  2 6 29 4 55 4 1  3 27 7 59 3 1  3 9 31  11  51 6 <“>  63 26  -  -  20 years of service: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................  2 6 15 61 5 12  3 16 65 5 10  3 9 13 56 6 14  1 27 26 46  -  -  -  -  25 years of service: 1 week....................................... .................... 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... 4 weeks.......................... ..........................— Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks............................. 6 weeks........................................................... Over 6 and under 7 weeks.............................  2 6 15 40 1 32 2 2  3 16 36 3 40  3 9 12 44  1  30 years of service or more: 1 week............................................................ 2 weeks........................................................... 3 weeks........................................................... 4 weeks........................................................... Over 4 and under 5 weeks............................. 5 weeks........................................................... Over 5 and under 6 weeks............................. 6 weeks........................................................... Over 6 and under 7 weeks............................. 7 weeks...........................................................  -  1  23 5 3  54 26 18  “  ~  ”  “  2 6 15 39 1 26 2 9 1  3 16 34 3 30  3 9 12 44 20 5 4 2  1 44 26 17  14 '  11  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  30  All industries  Manu­ facturing  2 66 8 23 <") ('■)  _ 1 65 3 31  2 62 11 25 (■•) (■■)  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  _ 2 67 11 20 (■■)  _ _ 29 62 9  _ 1 62 5 31 1 1  _ 2 63 13 22 (■■)  _ _ 27 62 11  _ 2 23 2 64 8 1 (••)  _ 1 23 2 72 1 1 1  _ 2 23 3 60 11 1  _ _ 6  -  -  2 8 76 8 7 (■■>  _ 1 10 79 1 9 1  _ 2 7 75 11 6  _  1 22 62 15  -  -  2 7 53 (■■) 30 7 1  1 10 34  2 6 62 c) 20 9 1  _ 1 7 _ 26 62 4  -  -  _ 2 6 62 r) 19 9 2  _ 1 7 _ 18 62 11  r)  2  2 7 53 (■•) 27 7 4 <") <“>  _ 1  55 1 1  1 10 33 46 10 1 '  _ -  _ -  _ 32 62 _  _  _  Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers In Boston, Mass., August 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers All full-time workers............................................  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  In establishments providing at least one of the benefits shown below14......................................................  97  100  94  100  100  100  100  100  Life insurance.......................................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  91 73  93 71  89 76  100 93  96 80  90 72  99 83  100 89  Accidental death and dismemberment insurance................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  68 56  71 55  63 56  83 83  81 59  79 53  81 61  92 92  85  93  76  89  92  94  92  99  66 55  84 70  46 38  32 32  57 47  81 66  46 39  8 8  53  51  56  82  78  71  81  98  4  2  7  -  4  1  5  -  Long-term disability insurance.............................................................. Noncontributory plans......................................  32 15  29 9  35 23  50 50  63 38  43 17  71 47  74 74  In establishments providing at least one of the health insurance plans shown below16...................................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  95 57  100 52  90 63  100 100  99 50  100 51  99 50  100 94  Hospitalization insurance..................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  95 54  100 50  90 58  100 100  99 47  100 47  99 47  100 94  Surgical insurance................................................ Noncontributory plans......................................  95 54  100 50  90 58  100 100  99 47  100 47  99 47  100 94  Medical insurance................................................ Noncontributory plans......................................  94 54  100 50  87 58  100 100  99 47  100 47  98 47  100 94  Major medical insurance...................................... Noncontributory plans......................................  90 45  99 47  79 43  100 100  99 46  100 45  99 47  100 94  Dental insurance................................................... Noncontributory plans.......................................  49 27  61 31  34 23  85 85  50 27  76 36  39 23  89 89  Health maintenance organization............................ Noncontributory plans......................................  41 5  48 3  32 7  15 8  65 10  68 5  63 12  15 7  Retirement pension.................................................. Noncontributory plans......................................  79 68  84 70  72 65  89 89  87 73  90 78  86 71  88 88  Sickness and accident insurance or sick leave or both1*.......................................... Sickness and accident insurance........................................................ Noncontributory plans...................................... Sick leave (full pay and no waiting period)................................................. Sick leave (partial pay or waiting period).................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  31  Table B-7. Health plan participation by full-time workers in Boston, Mass., August 1981 Office workers  Production and related workers Item  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Nonmanu­ facturing  All industries  Manu­ facturing  Nonmanu­ facturing  Transportation and utilities  Percent of workers 100  100  100  100  100  100  100  100  85 51  91 49  78 54  99 99  86 43  92 46  83 42  96 93  85 51  91 49  78 54  99 99  86 43  92 46  83 42  96 93  84 51  91 49  76 54  99 99  85 43  92 46  82 42  96 93  80 43  91 46  68 40  99 99  85 43  91 44  83 42  96 93  45 27  57 30  30 23  85 85  45 26  71 36  34 22  89 89  2 (■■)  2 (“i  2 (“>  (“) O')  8 1  3 O')  11 2  4 O')  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  32  Footnotes Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin. 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 3 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. ‘ Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available. 7 Formally established minimum regular straight-time hiring salaries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard workweeks reported. 8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as messenger. * Includes all production and related workers in establishments currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently operating late shifts.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Less than 0.05 percent. 11 Less than 0.5 percent. 11 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount; for example, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2 half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then were cumulated. 15 Includes payments other than “length of time,” such as percentage of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week’s pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions at 10 years include changes between 5 and 10 years. Estimates are cumulative. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks’ pay after 10 years includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service. 14 Estimates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. “Noncontributory plans” include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are legally required plans, such as workers’ disability compensation, social security, and railroad retirement. 18 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and accident insurance shown separately. Sick leave plans are limited to those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded. 14 Unduplicated total of workers eligible for coverage under an insurance plan providing hospitalization, sugical, medical, major medical, or dental benefits shown separately.  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks2 Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II  Secretaries Stenographers I Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers  Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Unskilled plant Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Pay relationships in establishments  Tables A-8 through A-11 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-1 through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences.  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, I, II, and HI   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-11:  1- Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified. 2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishment’s contribution to the totals used in this comparison. 3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provi­ sions is studied for full-time production and related workers and office workers. Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating, processing, assembling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, packing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard services, product development, auxiliary production for plant’s own use (e.g., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely associated with the above production operations. (Cafeteria and route workers are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting, advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel, sales, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation. Administrative, executive, professional, and part-time employees as well as construction workers utilized as a separate work force are excluded from both the production and office worker categories. Minimum entrance salaries (table B-l). Minimum entrance salaries for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establishments are more likely than small establish­ ments to have formal entrance rates above the subclerical level, the table is more representative of policies in medium and large establishments. (The “X’s” shown under specific weekly schedules indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.) Shift differentials-manufacturing (table B-2). Data were collected on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having policies are those which (1) have provisions in writing covering the operation of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12 months preceding a survey. When establishments have several differentials which vary by job, the differential applying to the majority of the production workers is recorded. When establishments have differentials which apply only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the most common schedule is recorded. For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening) shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at or near midnight.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Differentials for second and third shifts are summarized separately for (1) establish­ ment policies (an establishment’s differentials are weighted by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey) and (2) effective practices (an establish­ ment’s differentials are weighted by production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey). Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans. Provisions which apply to a majority of the production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority. Holidays, vacations, and health and insurance plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for the benefits. Pension plans are considered applicable to employees currently eligible for participation and also to those who will eventually become eligible. Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B-3). Scheduled weekly hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which full-time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at straight- time or overtime rates. Paid holidays (table B-4). Holidays are included if workers who are not required to work are paid for the time off and those required to work receive premium pay or compensatory time off. They are included only if they are granted annually on a formal basis (provided for in written form or established by custom). Holidays are included even though in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday and employees are not granted another day off. Paid personal holiday plans, typically found in the automobile and related industries, are included as paid holidays. Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are aggregated). Paid vacations (table B-5). Establishments report their method of calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and “extended” or “sabbatical” benefits beyond basic plans are excluded. For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings, for example, is tabulated as 1 week’s vacation pay. Also, provisions after each specified length of service are related to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted present, therefore, statistical measures of these provisions rather than proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits. Health, insurance, and pension plans (table B-6). Health, insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays either all or part of the cost. The benefits may be underwritten by an insurance company, paid directly by an employer or union, or provided by a health maintenance organization. This year, for the first time in this  area, provisions for health maintenance organizations (HMO’s) are treated separately from insurance provisions. Workers provided the option of an insurance plan or an HMO are reported under both types of plans. A plan is included even though a majority of the employees in an establishment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available to a majority). Legally required plans such as social security, railroad retirement, workers’ disability compensation, and temporary disability insurance3 are excluded. Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker. Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a direct result of an accident. Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e.g., $50 a week for up to 26 weeks of disability. Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide for continuing an employee’s pay during absence from work because of illness. Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a waiting period. Long-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally disabled employees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sickness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability (typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a maximum age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial payments are almost always reduced by social security, workers’ disability compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee. Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered. Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons’ fees. Medical insurance covers doctors’ fees for home, office, or hospital calls. Plans restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor’s care for minor ailments at a worker’s place of employment are not considered to be medical insurance. Major medical insurance coverage applies to services which go beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance. Major medical insurance typically (1) requires that a “deductible” (e.g., $100) be met before benefits begin, (2) has a coinsurance feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e.g., 20 percent) of certain expenses, and (3) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e.g., $10,000 a year). Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits, usually for fillings, extractions, and X-rays. Plans which provide benefits only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported. An HMO provides comprehensive health care services to a specified group for fixed periodic payments rather than indemnification or reimbursement for medical, surgical,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  and hospital expenses. Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity. Health plan participation (table B-7). Estimates are presented on the percent of production and office workers participating in selected health insurance and HMO plans. When an establishment was unable to supply the number of plan participants, approximations (imputations) were made, where possible, by using information from other establishments offering a similar plan. Imputations were never made for more than one-third of the production or clerical workers in an industry group (all industries, manufacturing, nonmanufacturing, and transportation and utilities); when imputations were made, they were usually for considerably less than one-third of the workers. Participation rates were estimated and published if participant numbers (including imputations) were available for 90 percent or more of the production or office workers in an industry group; consequently, a published estimate may not relate to a group total. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor. 2 A revised 4-level job description for accounting clerks, being introduced in this survey, is not comparable to the previous 2-level description. Earnings of workers that could be compared to the previous overall level were used in wage trend computations. 3 Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan. State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey, employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum and employers pay the difference between the employees’ share and the total contribution required. Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the benefit provided. Federal legislation (Railroad Unemployment Insurance Act) provides temporary disability insurance benefits to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers bear the entire cost of the insurance. 4 An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied In Boston, Mass.,1 August 1981 Workers in establishments  Number of establishments Minimum employment Industry division* ments in scope of survey  Within scope of survey Within scope of survey*  Studied  Total4 Number  Percent  Studied4  Full-time production and related workers  Full-time office workers  All establishments 1,733  177  542,619  100  197,348  111,948  215,786  100  519 1,214  57 120  206,600 336,019  38 62  106,040 91,308  33,121 78,827  92,882 122,904  100 50 100 50 50  69 186 199 291 469  18 11 18 28 45  47,295 17,506 96,673 78,178 96,367  9 3 18 14 18  16,905  11,793 <•) «  36,838 2,512 31,417 32,302 19,835  202  73  325,025  100  104,153  72,514  197,386  73 129  28 45  128,118 196,907  39 61  56,635 47,518  23,454 49,060  86,229 111,157  Transportation,"communication, and  o o (•> c)  o o  Large establishments  500 Transportation,"communication, and  _  18 500 1 500 49 500 23 500 38 500 ' The Boston, Mass. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Suffolk County, 16 communities in Essex County, 34 in Middlesex County, 26 in Norfolk County, and 12 in Plymouth County. The "workers within scope of survey" estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the  12 1 12 10 10  categories. 8 Abbreviated to "transportation and utilities” in the A- and B-series tables. Formerly referred to as "public utilities”. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Boston’s transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. * Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- and B-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries’ and “nonmanufacturing’’ estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  auivoy.  «The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. * Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10,622 35,734 14,659 39,231 12 1,496 1,496 1 o o 30,433 23 73,215 0 o 29,714 45,509 14 o o 13,780 <•> 12 37,456 o 4 Includes executive, professional, part-time, seasonal, and other workers excluded from the separate production and office  38  Appendix table 2. Percent of workers covered by labor-management agree­ ments, Boston, Mass., August 1981  Production and related workers  Office workers  Appendix table 3. Industrial composition in manufacturing, Boston, Mass., August 1981 (Percent of all manufacturing workers)  Industry division All industries..................................... ....... Manufacturing................................. ....... Nonmanufacturing.......................... ....... Transportation and utilities........................................ .......  49 51 47  14 12 15  94  87  NOTE: An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labor-management contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than half of their production or office workers. Estimates are not necessarily representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small establish­ ments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Electric and electronic equipment............................................. Communication equipment..................................................... Electronic components and accessories................................. Instruments and related products......................................... Measuring and controlling devices........................................ Photographic equipment and supplies................................... Machinery, except electrical...................................................... Office and computing machines............................................. Transportation equipment........................................................... Fabricated metal products.......................................................... Printing and publishing............................................................... Food and kindred products........................................................  24 11 7 21 6 9 13 6 9 6 6 5  NOTE: This information is based on estimates of total employment derived from universe materials compiled before actual survey.  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded. Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced in this survey: Stenographer Typist Accounting clerk  Drafter Stationary engineer Boiler tender  The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating-machine operator, bookkeeping-machine operator, and machine biller.  Office  a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f.  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary’s Supervisor (LS)  SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-1 a. b.  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  LS-2 a-  b.  Level ofSecretary's Responsibility (LR) Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b. c. d. e. LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LR-1 LS-1............................................................... LS-2.............................................................. LS-3.............................................................. LS-4..............................................................  I II Ill IV  LR-2 II III IV V  STENOGRAPHER  c.  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings. (If primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist.) NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works as the principal office assistant performing more responsible and discretionary tasks. Stenographer I.  Takes and transcribes dictation under close supervision and detailed instructions. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. Stenographer II.  Takes and transcribes dictation determining the most appropriate format. Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I. Supervisor typically provides general instructions. Work requires a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organizations, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; answering routine questions, etc. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST  Uses a manual, electric, or automatic typewriter to type various materials. Included are automatic typewriters that are used only to record text and update and reproduce previously typed items from magnetic cards or tape. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Excluded from this definition is work that involves:  Familiarity with specialized terminology in various keyboard commands to manipulate or edit the recorded text to accomplish revisions, or to perform tasks such as extracting and listing items from the text, or transmitting text to other terminals, or using “sort” commands to have the machine reorder material. Typically requires the use of automatic equipment which may be either computer linked or have a programmable memory so that material can be organized in regularly used formats or preformed paragraphs which can then be coded and stored for future use in letters or documents.  Typist I  Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. Typist II  Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. FILE CLERK  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I  Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk II  Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III  Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. MESSENGER  a. b.  Typing directly from spoken material that has been recorded on disks, cylinders, belts, tapes, or other similar media; The use of varitype machines, composing equipment, or automatic equip­ ment in preparing material for printing; and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Order Clerk I  Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II  Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; balancing and reconciling accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  distribution codes; examining and verifying the clerical accuracy of various types of reports, lists, calculations, postings, etc.; preparing journal vouchers; or making entries or adjustments to accounts. Levels I and II require a basic knowledge of routine clerical methods and office practices and procedures as they relate to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. Levels III and IV require a knowledge and understanding of the established and standardized bookkeeping and accounting proce­ dures and techniques used in an accounting system, or a segment of an accounting system, where there are few variations in the types of transactions handled. In addition, some jobs at each level may require a basic knowledge and understanding of the terminology, codes, and processes used in an automated accounting system. Accounting Clerk I  Performs very simple and routine accounting clerical operations, for example, recognizing and comparing easily identified numbers and codes on similar and repetitive accounting documents, verifying mathematical accuracy, and identifying discrepancies and bringing them to the supervisor’s attention. Supervisor gives clear and detailed instructions for specific assignments. Employee refers to supervisor all matters not covered by instructions. Work is closely controlled and reviewed in detail for accuracy, adequacy, and adherence to instructions. Accounting Clerk II  Performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as: Examining, verifying, and correcting accounting transactions to ensure completeness and accuracy of data and proper identification of accounts, and checking that expenditures will not exceed obligations in specified accounts; totaling, balancing, and reconciling collection vouchers; posting data to transaction sheets where employee identifies proper accounts and items to be posted; and coding documents in accordance with a chart (listing) of accounts. Employee follows specific and detailed accounting procedures. Completed work is reviewed for accuracy and compliance with procedures. Accounting Clerk III  Uses a knowledge of double entry bookkeeping in performing one or more of the following: Posts actions to journals, identifying subsidiary accounts affected and debit and credit entries to be made and assigning proper codes; reviews computer printouts against manually maintained journals, detecting and correcting erroneous postings, and preparing documents to adjust accounting classifications and other data; or reviews lists of transactions rejected by an automated system, determining reasons for rejections, and preparing necessary correcting material. On routine assignments, employee selects and applies established procedures and techniques. Detailed instructions are provided for difficult or unusual assignments. Completed work and methods used are reviewed for technical accuracy. Accounting Clerk IV  Maintains journals or subsidiary ledgers of an accounting system and balances and reconciles accounts. Typical duties include one or both of the following: Reviews invoices and statements (verifying information, ensuring sufficient funds have been obligated, and if questionable, resolving with the submitting unit, determining accounts involved, coding transactions, and processing material through data processing for  application in the accounting system); and/or analyzes and reconciles computer printouts with operating unit reports (contacting units and researching causes of discrepancies, and taking action to ensure that accounts balance). Employee resolves problems in recurring assignments in accordance with previous training and experience. Supervisor provides suggestions for handling unusual or nonrecurring transactions. Conformance with requirements and technical soundness of completed work are reviewed by the supervisor or are controlled by mechanisms built into the accounting system. NOTE: Excluded from level IV are positions responsible for maintaining either a general ledger or a general ledger in combination with subsidiary accounts. PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Key Entry Operator I  Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II  Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I. NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following: Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Computer Systems Analyst I  Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. Computer Systems Analyst II  Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. Computer Systems Analyst III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows: Computer Programmer I  Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. Computer Programmer II  Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer Programmer III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: a. b. c. d. e. f. g.  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operator, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows: Computer Operator I  Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  Computer Operator II  In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators. Computer Operator III  In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following: ab. c. d.  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: a. b. c. d. e. f.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, procedures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­ tion in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c. d. e.  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I  Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II  Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.  Drafter III  Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV  Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V  Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I  Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved. Electronics Technician II  Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Electronics Technician III  Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises  following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  48  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  STATIONARY ENGINEER MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in  49  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator). ORDER FILLER  Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 11/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:  Guard II  Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons.  Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:  JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Guard I  Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic Occupation designation designation (currently used) (previously used) Secretary................................ E II D III C IV B V A Stenographer..............................  I II III  C B A  Senior  II  B A  Computer operator............................  II III  C B A  I II III  C B A  Drafter...............................................  II  B A  (not comparable)  I II III IV  I II III IV V  (not comparable)  Electronics technician........................  I II III  C B A  x II  B A  Guard  I II  B A  Order clerk..................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmer (business)....  Computer systems analyst (business)  II  File clerk..................................  Key entry operator...................... .........  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  1  Typist..................................  Accounting clerk.........................  Numeric designation (currently used) I II III  Occupation  52  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-Hagersto wnChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  « U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1981 -381-265/327   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bemardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del.-N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1980'................................................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif.,Oct. 1980...................................... Atlanta, Ga., May 1981'............. Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1981'................................................................................ Billings, Mont., July 1981 ................................................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1981'...................... Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 ................................................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1981'............................................................. Chicago, 111., May 1980 ..................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1981 ........................................................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1981'.............................................................................. Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980 ................................................................................ Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1981 .......................................................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1980'.............................................................. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1981 .............................. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980' ................................................................................. Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1981 ........................................................................ Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1980' ................................................................ Detroit, Mich., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................. Fresno, Calif., June 1981 ................................................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1981............................................................................... Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Nov. 1980' ........................................ Green Bay, Wis., July 19811................................................................................ Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1981 ......................... Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1981 ..................................................... Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1981 ............................................................................. Houston, Tex., May. 1981 ................................................................................. Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1981 ................................................................................ Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980 ............................................................................. Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................. Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980....................................................... ..................... Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1981................................................................ Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1980 ................................................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1980'......................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price* 300045 3000-62 3010-24 3010-39 3010-25 30104S 3000-52 301042 3010-19 3010-30 301044 300048 3010-22 3000-67 3010- 7 3000-64 3010-38 3000-68 3010-12 3010-27 301045 3000-56 3010-26 301043 3010-23 3010-21 3010-14 3010- 5 300047 3010- 4 3000-66 301047 3000-63 3000-65  $2.25 $2.00 $3.25 $3.00 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.75 $2.75 $3.25 $2.00 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $1.75 $2.75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $3.00 $2.25 $2.25  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1980........................................................ 3000-59 $1.75 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1980 ....................................................................... ................. 3000-51 $2.25 Milwaukee, Wis., May 1981'............................................................. .................. 3010-16 $3.25 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1981'.............................................. 3010-1 $3.75 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1981'................................................................... 3010-31 $3.00 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 ...................................................................................... 3010- 3 $2.25 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1981' ............................................................................. 301046 $3.25 $3.25 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1981' ................................................................... 301041 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1981....................... 3010-17 $2.25 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1981 ................................................................... 301040 $2.25 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1981 ..................................................................... 3010-37 $2.25 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1980'....................................................................... 3000-57 $2.25 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1981 .................................................... 3010-35 $2.25 Philadelphia, Pa.—N. J., Nov. 1980.................................................................. 3000-53 $2.25 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981 .................................................................................... 3010- 2 $2.25 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980 .................................................................................. 3000-61 $1.75 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1981 ................................................................... 3010-29 $2.75 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1981............................................................................ 3010-28 $2.25 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh,N.Y., June 1981 ...................................... 3010-32 $2.25 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1981 ............................. 3010-36 $2.50 Richmond, Va., June 1981.................................................................................... 3010-18 $2.50 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981.......................................................................... 3010- 8 $2.75 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980’............................................................................ 3000-70 $2.25 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1980 .................................................................................. 3000-54 $1.75 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 ........................................................... 3000-60 $2.00 $2.25 San Antonio, Tex., May 1981 .............................................................................. 3010-15 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980' .............................................................................. 3000-71 $2.25 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar.1981' ....................................................... 3010-13 $3.00 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1981' ................................................................................ 3010-10 $3.00 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 ............................................................. 3000-69$1.75 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1981 ................................................................................ 3010-33 $2.25 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., June 1981'......... ............................................................. 3010-20 $2.75 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980 ...................................................................................... 300043 $1.75 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar.1981' ......................................................... 3010-6 $3.00 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981 .................................................................................... 3010-11 $2.25 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1981 ................................................................................ 3010-34 $2.25 York, Pa., Feb. 1981'........................................................................................... 3010-9 $2.75 * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ' Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Mail U.S.MAIL  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston. Mass. 02203 Phone 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York. N.Y. 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street. P.O. Box 13309 Philadelphia. Pa. 19101 Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St.. N E. Atlanta, Ga. 30367 Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Region V  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  Regions IX and X  9th Floor. 230 S, Dearborn St. Chicago, ill. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas. Tex 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St.. 15th Roor Kansas City. Mo. 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave Box 36017 San Francisco. Calif 94102 Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington  Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102