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/_  t  soi o-3  Area Wage Survey  Cincinnati, Ohio—Kentucky— Indiana, Metropolitan Area July 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-30   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Warren  Hamilton  Dearborn  Cincinnati  Clermont  Indiana Ohio  Kentucky  Campbell  Boone Kenton  SOUTHWEST MISSOURI STATE university library U.S. DEPOSITORY COPY .QFD f> c mm  Preface This bulletin provides results of a July 1981 survey of occupational earnings in the Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commis­ sioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note: A report on occupational earnings is available for the laundry and dry cleaning industry (July 1981). Reports are available on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions for the savings and loan association (February 1980) and banking (February 1980) industries. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Of­ fice, Washington. D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey  Cincinnati, Ohio—Kentucky— Indiana, Metropolitan Area July 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner  Page Introduction.........................................................................  2  Tables:   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers........................ A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers............................................. A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex................................................................ A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers..................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers............................................. A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.......................... A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups..................... A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations..................... A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations....................................................... A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ..................................  Tables—Continued A-11.  September 1981 Bulletin 3010-30  Page  Pay relationships in establishments with paired mataerial movement and custodial occupations...................................... 17  3 6  8 10 11  13 14  Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers....................... A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.............................................. A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex................................................................ A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.................................... A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ...................................... A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex................................................................  18 20  22 23 24  25  15  16  17  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey.................................... 27 B. Occupational descriptions........................................ 30 C. Job conversion table................................................. 41  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  1965.  Appendixes  A-series tables  survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g., accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  4 4  -  -  -  14 11 3  13 9 4  5 3 2  5 3 2  5 4 1  5 3 2  6 3 3  44 8 36 36  8 3 5 5  12 12  8 6 2 2  46 21 25 25  “  -  -  -  _ -  25 25 25  7 5 5  10 -  5 2 2  32 25 25  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  2 2  3 3  14 14  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  5  1  5  -  5 5  1 1  5 5  -  -  -  .  5  -  _  _  _  -  -  5  -  -  -  -  -  1  5  1 1  -  -  -  -  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  -  78 74 4  9 9  21 1 20  49 34 15  98 62 36  123 56 67  127 50 77  139 64 75  72 36 36  113 46 67  76 53 23  81 69 12  6  8 3 5  54 14 40 4  48 24 24  84 50 34  78 37 41  25 8 17  34 11 23  36 25 11  -  -  "  53 23 30 7  -  -  1 1 -  9 5 4  25 3 22  25 22 3  23 6 17  23 10 13  8 2 6  113 92 21 7  117 95 22 13  86 69 17 13  110 94 16 14  115 83 32 32  32 23 9 9  26 5  85 1  -  -  -  96 10 8  49 9 7  17 13 11  34 27 27  234.50- 336.00 241.50- 360.00 230.00- 300.00  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ 2  566 283 283 27  39.0 39.0 38.5 39.5  302.50 316.50 288.50 311.00  280.50 287.50 275.50 298.00  250.00253.50235.50200.00-  _ _ -  _ _  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ 6 4  170 86 84  38.5 38.5 38.5  318.00 330.50 304.50  298.50 302.00 288.50  266.50- 347.50 268.50- 371.00 245.00- 325.00  _  _  2  _ _  _ _  _ 2  264.50 259.00 278.50 308.00  256.50 250.00 280.00 299.00  223.00223.50220.00273.00-  290.00 282.50 323.00 330.00  _ _ -  25 11 14  Transportation and utilities.....  758 540 218 159  39.0 38.5 39.5 40.0  -  38 23 15 3  38.5 39.5 40.0  255.00 294.00 323.50  234.00 283.00 323.00  213.00- 283.00 250.00- 337.00 283.00- 352.00  _ -  25 14  Transportation and utilities.....  415 140 110 343 265 78  39.0 39.0 39.5  276.50 284.00 251.00  276.50 278.00 236.00  250.50- 292.50 266.50- 292.50 210.00- 302.00  140 83 57  38.5 39.0 37.5  219.00 241.50 186.50  206.50 241.00 183.00  179.50- 266.00 202.00- 281.50 171.00- 194.00  _  _  _  737 222 515 54  39.0 38.5 39.0 40.0  202.00 226.00 191.50 266.00  194.00 223.50 181.00 235.00  165.00205.00159.00204.00-  _  347 96 251  39.0 38.5 39.0  180.50 203.50 172.00  168.00 212.00 164.50  153.50- 192.50 186.50- 218.50 150.00- 181.00  390 126 264 33  39.0 38.0 39.0 40.0  220.50 243.50 209.50 267.00  217.50 245.00 199.50 235.00  190.00220.50180.50226.50-  -  _ 2  4 _ _ _  -  165 109 56 2  209 179 30 7  *  _ -  . _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  12 2 10  28 8 20  21 9 12  37 29 8  93 90 3  81 76 5  32 23 9  19 8 11  2  4  9 6 . 3  10 10  13 13  4  22 15 7  12 12  2  26 3 23  12 12  _  29 12 17  _  _  -  1 _ 1  18  54 2 52  66 4 62  144 29 115 8  101 58 43 4  98 35 63 21  60 49 11 1  34 21 13  15 8 7 3  7 4 3 2  2 1 1 -  -  1  _  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  118 92 26 2  -  -  -  -  127 11 116 4  18  44 2 42  48 4 44  93 11 82  67 22 45  41 35 6  22 18 4  2 1 1  3 3  3  _  3  1  -  10  18  34  _ 10  _ 18  76 17 59 19  31 18 13  12 8 4  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 4 2 1  2 1 1  -  60 23 37 4  58 48 10  -  _ 34 1  77 7 70 2  -  -  -  -  18  _ 18  _  _  _ -  _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3 3  46 42 4  275.00 307.00 262.00  Transportation and utilities....  58 43 15 8  125 101 24  287.50 302.00 267.00  245.00 258.50 226.00 235.00  29 21 8 2  16 6 10  -  30 11 19 2  132 126 6  39.0 39.5 38.5  _ _  -  -  95 85 10  1,080 628 452  Transportation and utilities.....  8 8  198 74 124  _  _ -  8 7 1  91 47 44  _ _ _  225.50 248.00 207.00 296.50  22 9 13  83 14 69  _ _ _  •  74 70 4  95 30 65  225.00- 300.00 251.50- 311.00 198.00- 252.50  4 4  66 63 3  63 12 51  254.00 288.00 231.00  _ -  _ -  1 1  261.50 282.00 230.00  _  _  _ -  _ _ -  39.0 39.0 39.0  -  3  _ _ -  1,021 616 405  _ 4  1 1  _  _ _  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  1 1  25 25 25  _  _ -  3 3 3  _ _ -  _ _  _ -  3  -  13 8 8  -  _ _ _  _ _ -  28 26 8  12 8  -  35 34 4  125 110 52  _ _  _ _ -  _ _ -  2 2  196.00- 295.50 196.00- 304.50 251.50- 310.50  Transportation and utilities.....  1 1 1  316 169 147 25  215.50 214.00 310.50  357.00 386.50 336.00 415.00  _ _ -  3 3 3  289 195 94 14  240.50 240.50 284.50  _ _  "  2 1 1 1  365 234 131 i  39.0 39.5 40.0  _  10 7 3  465 200 265 8  233.00250.00215.00235.00-  Transportation and utilities.....  19 14 5 3  289 141 148 4  271.00 289.50 252.50 310.50  _ -  31 18 13 2  265 94 171 24  280.50 297.00 260.50 311.50  _ _ -  88 55 33 24  189 68 121 4  39.0 39.0 38.5 39.5  _ _ -  109 94 15 7  92 13 79 4  3 1 2  3,024 1,684 1,340 131  Transportation and utilities.....  319.00 342.00 298.00 391.00  120 and under 130  3  -  -  3  1 1  1 1 -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)*  Mean1  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  U6  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  'Median’. -Middle range1  File clerks........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  553 145 408  38.5 39.5 38.0  170.50 195.50 161.50  160.00 199.50 152.00  140.00- 184.00 173.00- 214.00 139.00- 180.50  108  File clerks I................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  252 51 201  38.0 40.0 37.5  153.00 173.00 148.00  143.00 185.50 140.00  135.00- 155.00 140.00- 214.00 133.00- 150.00  85  File clerks II.................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  247 74 173  39.0 39.5 39.0  176.00 199.00 166.50  180.00 201.00 170.50  155.00- 184.00 181.00- 201.00 142.00- 182.50  -  108  103 23 80  58 -  58 35  85  78 23 55  23  25  23  -  -  35  -  -  -  23  25  23  74 15 59  113 36 77  51 42 9  13 13  17 1 16  16 13 3  9 8 1  49 14 35  80 22 58  36 29 7  18 10 8  5 3 2  -  -  -  -  6 6  _  2  _  4  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  3 3 -  6 4 2  -  2  _ -  -  7 3 4  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  -  _  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  -  -  -  3  -  213.00  -  -  -  8  17  6  4  12  3  -  175.50 192.50 166.50  167.00 189.00 162.00  149.50- 191.50 153.00- 223.50 148.00- 180.50  9 3 6  37 12 25  29 7 22  34 3 31  33 12 21  13 4 9  10 9 1  6 5 1  1 1  3 3  -  -  Switchboard operators................... Nonmanufacturing.....................  141 110  39.5 39.5  194.50 178.00  162.00 152.00  144.00- 210.00 136.00- 181.50  33 33  15 15  7 6  24 18  19 18  7 6  2  7  _  2  4  -  -  -  -  -  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  422 206 216  39.5 39.0 39.5  207.50 208.50 206.00  200.00 207.00 177.00  169.50- 246.00 175.00- 222.00 160.00- 246.50  7  11  -  -  11  131 38 93  31 17 14  83 69 14  20 18 2  38 19 19  40 17 23  29 5 24  3 3  7  25 20 5  -  "  -  -  -  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing............................  852 637  39.5 39.5  217.00 209.00  208.00 200.00  170.00- 259.00 170.00- 250.00  42 42  87 84  37 2  103 58  123 123  86 64  87 65  80 80  71 49  76 54  7 7  4 4  3 3  46 2  Order clerks I............................... Manufacturing............................  561 481  39.5 39.5  193.50 198.00  188.50 192.00  150.00- 234.00 140.00- 237.50  42 42  84 84  37 2  86 41  100 100  62 62  30 30  44 44  37 37  36 36  3 3  _  _  _  Order clerks II.............................. Manufacturing............................  291 156  39.0 39.5  263.00 242.00  254.50 240.00  225.00- 298.00 195.00- 264.50  _  3  _  -  -  -  17 17  23 23  24 2  57 35  36 36  34 12  40 18  4 4  4 4  3 3  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  2,123 1,015 1,108 113  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  218.00 225.50 211.50 266.50  208.00 218.00 198.00 256.50  175.00181.50170.00192.50-  248.00 255.50 235.00 324.00  32 28 4  52 28 24  "  -  172 68 104 8  345 115 230 12  355 144 211 12  288 132 156 5  293 174 119 19  180 83 97 6  71 47 24 4  105 41 64 12  76 63 13 1  88 50 38 17  18 11 7 4  Accounting clerks I....................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,390 757 633 48  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  200.50 205.50 194.00 277.00  192.00 200.00 187.50 286.00  167.00168.00162.00192.50-  221.50 232.00 206.00 301.50  32 28 4  51 28 23  166 68 98 4  273 115 158  294 136 158 12  169 99 70 1  152 123 29 3  120 66 54 2  45 36 9 2  35 19 16 12  32 31 1 1  12 8 4 2  3  Accounting clerks II...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  732 257 475 65  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  252.00 284.00 234.50 259.00  230.50 284.00 222.50 235.00  210.00228.50196.00211.50-  291.00 328.50 265.00 326.50  _  1  6  72  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  -  6 4  72 12  61 8 53 -  119 33 86 4  141 51 90 16  60 17 43 4  26 11 15 2  70 22 48 -  44 32 12 -  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  400 239 161  39.5 39.5 39.0  239.50 256.00 214.50  235.00 254.50 201.00  190.00- 264.50 220.00- 279.00 184.00- 240.00  1 1  1  -  1  16 9 7  39 18 21  54 9 45  48 21 27  62 46 16  57 29 28  54 50 4  14 12 2  Key entry operators........................ Manufacturing.......................:.... Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,111 493 618 52  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  209.00 222.50 198.50 260.50  200.00 214.50 194.50 257.00  175.00193.50168.00214.00-  2 2  19 4 15  67 25 42  -  -  -  206 51 155 -  238 88 150 7  204 102 102 8  167 82 85 7  95 63 32 7  48 36 12 4  19 11 8 7  4  -  _  2 2  227.00   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  38.5 39.5 38.0  See footnotes at end of tables.  _  -  39.0  i  -  -  54  -  _  -  -  175 59 116  229.00 242.00 217.50 296.50  _  -  -  File clerks III.................................  -  _  -  4  Messengers.................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  -  _  -  3  -  189.50- 253.00  -  3  _  _  .  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  8 1  9 9  .  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  .  .  .  .  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  .  .  .  .  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  3  1  _  _  _  3  1  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  46 2  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  "  -  -  -  20 17 3 1  10 6 4 2  9 5 4 4  5 3 2 2  4  _  _  -  -  -  4 4  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  2  4  _  _  3 3  -  -  -  4 4  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  76 42 34 15  15 11 4 1  20 17 3 1  10 6 4 2  9 5 4 4  2 2  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  18 17 1  11 4 7  5 3 2  4 4  9 9  2 2  3 3  2 2  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  9 7 2 1  19 8 11 10  2 2  3 3  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  6 5 1  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 1 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Of workers  Average wookly hours' (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range*  120 and 130  Key entry operators I............... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  599 277 322 42  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  202.50 216.00 191.00 259.00  195.50 213.50 180.50 239.50  173.50193.50165.00214.00-  225.00 231.50 205.50 309.50  Key entry operators II.............. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufactunn^  512 216 296  39.0 39.5 38.5  217.00 231.00 206.50  207.50 217.50 202.50  178.50- 238.00 182.00- 266.00 176.00- 231.00  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  480  520  560  600  _  2  -  -  2  16 1 15  29 9 20  118 17 101  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  38 16 22  -  -  3 3  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  -  163 70 93 7  94 55 39 7  92 66 26 7  46 41 5 1  13 10 3 2  9 2 7 7  5 4 1 1  12 2 10 10  88 34 54  75 18 57  110 47 63  75 16 59  49 22 27  35 26 9  10 9 1  4 3 1  7 6 1  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  2 2  3 3  _  _  _  -  _  -  -  6 5 1  5 5  -  2 1 1  -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  Computer systems analysts (business)............................. Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  561 228 333  39.0 39.5 39.0  474.00 475.50 472.50  482.00 480.00 482.00  423.00- 515.50 416.00- 511.50 425.50- 518.50  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) I........................  61  39.5  421.00  405.00  341.00- 493.50  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business) II....................... Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  300 99 201  39.5 40.0 39.0  472.00 468.00 474.50  482.00 418.50 482.00  410.00- 521.50 402.00- 549.00 430.00- 515.50  Computer systems analysts (business) III...................... Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  200 96 104  38.5 39.0 38.5  492.50 482.00 502.00  495.50 494.50 509.00  749 266 483  38.5 39.5 38.0  361.00 366.50 358.00  Computer programmers (business) I.................. Nonmanufacturing.........  154 117  38.0 37.5  Computer programmers (business) II................. Manufacturing.............. . Nonmanufacturing........  378 156 222  Computer programmers (business) III................ Manufacturing............... Nonmanufacturing........  217 73 144  Computer programmers (business). Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing....................  11 5 6  25 15 10  85 45 40  72 27 45  132 55 77  134 43 91  53 21 32  25 12 13  2 2  12  6  7  8  5  6  1  15  9  2  -  -  5  3 1 2  20 13 7  63 37 26  43 6 37  49 4 45  65 10 55  27 13 14  22 12 10  2 2  _  1 1  5  -  -  -  -  -  28 21 7  68 36 32  60 24 36  24 6 18  3  -  -  -  1 1  3  -  -  -  66 22 44  50 16 34  19 3 16  _  2 2  _  _  1 1  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  . -  1 1  2 2  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  16 3 13  5 5  1 1  1 1  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  4 4  _  _  -  _  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  -  1 1  1 1  _  _  -  -  "  -  1 1 -  -  -  _  _  _  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  1  .  . -  ~  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  465.50- 511.50 455.00- 511.50 474.00- 529.00  .  .  .  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  "  -  -  16 8 8  355.00 372.00 345.50  315.00- 404.00 325.00- 405.00 308.00- 400.50  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  7 6 1  21 16 5  59 7 52  60 27 33  66 10 56  72 13 59  99 27 72  100 56 44  127 60 67  298.50 292.50  289.00 285.00  265.00- 323.50 267.50- 317.00  .  .  .  -  “  49 45  19 19  34 29  13 9  13 13  5  “  12 2  9  ”  -  -  -  -  -  39.0 40.0 38.0  352.50 354.00 351.50  350.00 358.00 347.00  328.50- 380.50 297.50- 401.00 330.00- 375.00  “  7 6 1  9 6 3  8 3 5  36 27 9  22 3 19  54 9 45  82 25 57  62 25 37  71 33 38  14 12 2  8 7 1  5  38.0 39.0 38.0  420.00 417.00 422.00  422.50 405.00 429.00  375.00- 461.00 374.00- 455.00 392.00- 462.50  2  5 -  2  5  10 2 8  5  -  4 2 2  29 22 7  51 22 29  52 10 42  42 9 33  14 3 11  . -  “  .  .  .  .  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  .  .  .  .  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  285.50 295.00 277.50  267.00 275.50 257.00  236.00- 330.00 241.00- 346.00 228.00- 323.00  _  Computer operators I.. Manufacturing.......... Nonmanufacturing....  201 92 109  39.0 39.0 39.0  239.50 242.00 237.50  238.00 239.00 235.50  211.00- 256.50 211.00- 257.00 214.00- 256.50  _  Computer operators II.. Manufacturing........... Nonmanufacturing.....  308 158 150  39.5 39.5 39.5  288.00 300.00 275.00  284.00 292.00 284.00  237.00- 330.00 258.50- 338.50 237.00- 330.00  Computer operators I Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing...  162 68 94  39.0 39.5 38.5  339.00 354.50 327.50  329.00 346.00 310.00  275.50- 374.00 292.00- 356.50 251.00- 375.50  Drafters........................ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  1,049 792 257  40.0 40.0 40.0  304.50 317.00 266.50  300.00 313.00 249.50  312 170  40.0 40.0  258.00 269.00  255.00 260.50  -  5  -  5  11 1 10  45 14 31  59 29 30  85 31 54  96 36 60  75 61 14  58 24 34  45 22 23  70 15 55  40 30 10  26 23 3  22 10 12  16 12 4  _  15 6 9  45 22 23  38 18 20  54 23 31  25 17 8  4 3 1  _  12  _  _  _  _  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  6 1 5  -  12  _  5  30 8 22  14 7 7  31 13 18  24 13 11  36 32 4  39 15 24  34 20 14  44 10 34  9 4 5  22 22 -  11 6 5  4 3 1  16  18  15 6 9  11 2 9  14 5 9  31 26 5  4 1 3  10 3 7  12 9 3  _ -  14 1 13  -  -  -  -  -  -  5  -  -  .  -  53 26 27  70 31 39  118 70 48  105 72 33  78 53 25  135 126 9  85 68 17  67 64 3  77 69 8  109 100 9  61 48 13  12 12  2 2  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  37 16  38 21  81 45  43 19  24 16  49 44  13 5  4 1  4  2 2  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  249.50- 359.00 262.00- 366.00 220.00- 288.00  2  4  71 51 20  229.00- 297.00 240.00- 300.00  _  _  -  -  17 1  -  -  1  18  _  -  4  _  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  16  _ -  2  -  -  -  1 1  14 12 2  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  6  -  39.0 39.0 39.0  Drafters III......... Manufacturing..  6  1  -  671 318 353  Computer operators.... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  1  6  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  Drafters IV.................................... Manufacturing............................  426 374  40.0 40.0  325.00 333.00  325.00 332.00  286.50- 366.00 302.00- 369.00  Drafters V..................................... Manufacturing............................  214 173  40.0 40.0  373.00 375.50  378.00 380.00  330.00- 425.00 341.00- 425.00  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................  270 227  40.0 40.0  326.50 326.00  334.00 216.50- 426.00 359.00 218.50- 424.50  _  -  12 12  37 27  20 18  Electronics technicians II.............  84  40.0  301.50  230.00  193.00- 430.50  -  4  22  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing............................  90 81  39.5 39.5  366.00 368.50  351.00 356.50  324.00- 402.50 326.00- 402.50  _  _  -  -  _  _  -  -  9 9  6  18  -  -  17 9  47 39  38 34  64 64  58 57  42 42  47 47  65 58  15 15  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  10 10  13 3  22 18  14 6  21 21  26 22  42 40  46 33  12 12  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  15 15  10 10  16 12  15 9  8 6  2 2  4 4  .  -  11 11  120 101  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12  6  1  -  -  -  -  4  -  4  31  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 1  7 4  11 11  12 9  21 20  7 7  15 14  8 8  5 4  1 1  2 2  -  -  -  -  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  7  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981  Sex,1 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (In dollars)1  Sen,1 occupation, and industry division  Office occupations men 66  38.5  185.50  179  39.5 39.5  292.50 271.50  147  39.5  300.50  Accounting clerks: 68  39.5  286.50  115 52  39.5 39.5  276.00 292.00  3,015 1,681 1,334 131  39.0 39.0 38.5 39.5  281.00 297.00 260.50 311.50  Secretaries 1.........................................................  125 110 52  39.0 39.5 40.0  240.50 240.50 284.50  1,021 616 405  39.0 39.0 39.0  261.50 282.00 230.00  Secretaries III....................................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  1,079 627 452  39.0 39.5 3B.5  287.50 302.00 267.00  Secretaries IV....................................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  564 281 283 27  39.0 39.0 38.5 39.5  303.00 317.00 288.50 311.00  170 86 84  38.5 38.5 38.5  318.00 330.50 304.50  Transportation and utilities............................  755 539 216 157  39.0 38.5 39.5 40.0  264.50 259.00 278.50 308.00  Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Transportation and utilities.............................  413 139 109  38.5 39.5 40.0  254.50 293.00 322.50  Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  342 265 77  39.0 39.0 39.5  277.00 284.00 251.50  Transcribing-machine typists.................................. Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................  140 83 57  39.0 37.5  Manufacturing........... .........................................  I  219.00 241.50 186.50  Manufacturing.....................................................  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  654 222 432 47  38.5 38.5 39.0 40.0  205.00 226.00 194.00 264.00  Sex," occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Payroll clerks............................................................ Manufacturing.....................................................  377 224 153  39.5 39.5 39.0  235.00 249.00 214.00  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,070 488 582 51  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  208.50 221.50 197.50 260.50  593 277 316 41  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  202.50 216.00 191.00 259.00  477 211 266  39.0 39.5 38.5  215.50 228.50 205.00  96  38.5  203.50  390 126 264 33  39.0 38.0 39.0 40.0  220.50 243.50 209.50 267.00  538 136 402  38.5 39.5 38.0  169.50 193.50 161.50  247 51 196  38.0 40.0 37.5  153.50 173.00 148.00  Professional and technical occupations - men  240 67 173  39.0 39.5 39.0  175.00 197.00 166.50  Computer systems analysts (business)............................................................. Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  411 190 221  39.0 39.5 38.5  479.00 483.00 475.50  205 81 124  39.5 40.0 39.0  474.00 474.00 474.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  163 85 78  38 5 39.0 38.0  499.50 490.00 510.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  492 180 312  38.5 39 5 38.0  374.00 375.50 373.00  83  38.0  305.50  246 101 145  39.0 39.5 38.0  363.00 371.50 357.00  163 53 110  38.0 38.5 38.0  425.00 414.00 430.50  371 194 177  39.0 39.5 38.5  295 00 312.50 276.00  115 61  38.5 39.0  236.00 248.00  122 79  39.5 39.5  51  38.5  222.00  Messengers............................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................ .....................  98 73  38.0 38.0  170.00 167.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II...................................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................... ...............  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  136 106  39.5 39.5  193.50 176.50  Computer systems analysts  Switchboard operatorreceptionists........................................................ Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  422 206 216  39.5 39.0 39.5  207.50 208.50 206.00  673 568  39.5 39.5  197.00 201.50  Manufacturing....................................................  529 449  39.5 39.5  189.50 194.00  Manufacturing.....................................................  144 119  39.0 39.0  225.00 228.50  1,892 947 945 102  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  215.50 221.50 209.50 263.00  Transportation and utilities............................  1,288 741 547 48  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  200.00 204.00 194.50 277.00  Transportation and utilities............................  603 205 398 54  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  248.00 282.00 230.00 250.50  Accounting clerks................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  of workers  Typists 1:  Office occupations women  Transportation and utilities.............................  Av<jrage (m aan1)  Average (mean1)  Average (mean1)  8  Computer programmers Computer programmers  Computer programmers (business) III..................................................... Manufacturing.....................................................  Nonmanufacturing............................................. #  Computer operators II......................................... Manufacturing....................................................  I  315.50 330.00  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued Average (mean*)  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  134 54 80  39.0 39 5 38.0  327.00 359 00 305.50  724 188  40 0 40 0 40.0  311 00 320.50 274.50  400  40.0  328.00  Manufacturing.....................................................  157  40.0  381.50  Electronics technicians....................................'....... Manufacturing.....................................................  248 207  40.0 40.0  335.00 335.50  71 Professional and technical  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  89  39.5  474.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  257 86 171  38.5 39.5 38.0  336,50 34/50 331.00  Computer programmers (business) I...................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  71 60  38.0 37.5  290.50 283.50  Computer programmers (business) II..................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  132 55 77  38.5 40.0 38.0  333.00 322.50 341.00  Computer programmers (business) III....................................................  54  38.5  405.00  Manufacturing....................................................  124  39.0  268.00  Computer operators II.......................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  179 79 100  39.5 39.5 39.0  269.00 270.00 268.00  Manufacturing.....................................................  137 68  40.0 40.0  261.50 278.50  Computer systems analysts (business) II..................................................... Computer programmers (business).........................  _  Number of workers  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  78  40.0  246.50  90 81  39.5 39.5  366.00 368.50  Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing..............................................  133 95  39.5 39.0  463.00 472.00  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9  Manufacturing.....................................................  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  4.40 and under 4.80  5.20  4.80  5.60  5.20  6.00  5.60 6.00  6.40  6.40  6.80  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  14.00  14.80  15.60  16.40  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  14.00  14.80  15.60  16.40  17.20  "  4 4  2 1  21 21  21 6  8 6  15 15  7 6  19 19  31 31  _ -  66 65  24 24  112 112  123 123  52 46  83 68  51 51  “  13 11  6 5  11 11  12 8  28 28  8 8  9 9  6 6  38 38  2 2  13 13  19 19  26 26  -  4 4  79 63  30 30  22 21  59 42  104 104  34 34  4 4  199 199  42 42  298 298  100 100  5 5  “  10 6 4 4  4 4  19 10 9 8  6 2 4 4  34 10 24 24  15 15  “  50 48 2 2  ”  “  ■  3 3  67 67  1 1  1 1  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................  107 62  10.58 10.54  10.15 9.50-11.85 10.49 9.50-11.85  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................  781 755  10.69 10.66  10.15 9.31-12.45 10.03 9.31-12.45  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance painters..................... Manufacturing............................  127 105  9.58 9.69  9.42 8.42-10.29 9.50 8.44-10.29  _ -  1  1  1  -  -  -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................  310 294  9.98 9.99  9.76 8.74-11.85 9.76 8.49-11.85  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................  1,216 1,190  9.55 9.58  9.31 9.31  8.61-10.95 8.61-10.95  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities.....  698 170 528 474  11.64 9.96 12.18 12.35  12.81 9.48 12.84 12.84  10.70-12.84 8.26-11.89 11.68-12.84 12.81-13.04  -  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  483 483  10.81 10.81  9.85 9.69-12.45 9.85 9.69-12.45  Maintenance sheet-metal workers...  50  10.62  9.79 976-12.80  Maintenance trades helpers........... Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  159  8.66  8.43 8.43- 8.43  38  10.14  12.54 8.37-12.54  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing............................  404 404  10.24 10.24  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing............................  440 440  Stationary engineers....................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Boiler tenders..................................  4 4  _ “  -  _ -  14 14  8 8  _ -  5  2 2  1  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  9 9  -  9 9  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  30 30  112 112  -  -  4 4  -  14 14  23 4 19 19  55 22 33 33  409 38 371 371 .  “  “  _  -  “  “  28 28  35 35  160 160  ”  “  -  “  “  33  -  1  -  14  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  '  ■  '  -  22 22  -  14 14  12 12  48 48  7 7  190 190  8 8  “  "  103 103  ”  -  “  “  ”  _ -  _ -  10 10  -  31 31  6 6  44 44  13 13  6 6  200 200  6 6  "  118 118  2 2  4 4  ”  “  "  -  6 3 3  16  10  3  2  10 4 6  29 27 2  19 19  51 51  “ ■  “ '  “  ~  4 4 “  -  3  24 22 2  -  10  42 40 2  2  16  12 12  5 4  5 4  3  24 24  9 7  6 4  10 9  38 38  20 20  6 6  7 7  7 7  -  -  “  -  ~  -  -  -  -  9.78 8.26-10.48 9.78 8.26-10.48  “  ■  -  9.31 9.44  ~  -  2  154 142  6  “  20  _  “  -  20  _  9.82 8.75-11.46 10.35 8.86-12.68 7.60 7.31- 8.53  -  -  _  10.01 10.65 7.90  66 66  -  _  222 170 52  “  -  6  _  -  2  _  -  “  _  -  188 ; 188  -  "  “  “  _  68 6 62 9  2  _  -  *  10.66 9.99-12.99 10.66 9.99-12.99  156 148  4  -  _ -  10.83 10.83  20 20  6 4  3  _ -  _ -  25 25  2 2  “  -  _ -  8 8  6 4  -  “  _  17 17  -  3  -  9.69 9.50-12.87 9.69 9.50-12.87  -  -  7  -  "  ”  -  4  "  -  -  203 203  ”  -  97  "  “  _  5  4  1  6  ~  ’  4  5  6  1  5  4  .  4  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7.20  10  4  *  ■  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean3  Median3  Middle  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.20 and 3.60  10.20 8.09 12.74 12.84  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  14.00  54 54  _  13 13  2 2  29 29  36  7 -  -  24 24  10  -  9 9  1  _  13  7  -  1  -  10  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  1 1  -  -  9 9  24 24  10  935  -  Truckdrivers, light truck.. Nonmanufacturing.......  364 336  9.83 9.90  12.84 6.00-12.84 12.84 6.00-12.84  13 13  36 36  Truckdrivers, medium truck.., Manufacturing.................... Nonmanufacturing............. .  580 386 194  7.91 7.83 8.06  7.77 7.25- 8.60 7.77 7.77- 8.09 7.75 7.25- 9.07  _  _  7  -  -  -  -  -  7  Truckdrivers, heavy truck.. Manufacturing.................  376 306  0.23 8.40  8.00 7.60- 9.25 8.00 7.93- 9.25  _  _  -  1,074  11.73 10.06 11.91 12.70  _  1,1  105 81 24 1  13  36 4  2,505 869  36 35 1 1  7.77-12.84 7.77- 9.25 9.07-12.84 12.84-12.84  9.98 8.40 10.83 12.58  Truckdrivers............. *............—Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  10  -  56 2 54  15 15  87 262 7 * 151 111 80 4 -  257 243 14 14  37 37  11  6  -  2 1  -  -  73 3 70  140 126 14  120 120 -  60 14  109 105  _  55 9 46  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  10  -  -  -  -  76 66  _  _  _  _  _  3 3  -  75 2 73 73  855 27 828 828  7  _  -  -  -  196 196  1 1 -  24 24  _  5  -  -  5  -  50 50  _  _  _  _  -  3 3  -  -  -  3 3  2  238  24 -  -  “  2  238  24  75 2 73 73  608 27 581 581  -  -  146 26 120 10  114 114  15 15  54 52 2  239 1 238  -  -  22 22  3  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  17 17  88  2 2  12 12  2 2  88  -  -  -  -  44 44  _  -  24 24  2 2  2 2  52 52  -  -  -  -  -  67 43 24  -  _  “ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10 6 4 4  -  -  -  7.07 7.17  7.26 5.76- 8.26 7.41 5.95- 8.26  _  5  5  8 8  24 22  33 32  30 30  54 46  8 8  _  4  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  -  -  7 7  _  -  44 44  _  -  3 3  _  -  14 9  7.83 7.94 7.25  8.25 7.57- 8.25 8.25 8.14- 8.25 7.00 6.95- 7.93  _  1 1  8  3 3  _  24 22 2  12 11 1  350 347 3  _  4  _  -  4  -  3 2 1  _  -  -  4  5 3 2  _  -  -  58 14 44  4  "  10 7 3  3 3  -  20 19 1  6  -  3 1 2  18 18  8  -  -  Shippers and receivers.. Manufacturing...........  8.07 8.16  7.71 7.71  6.62- 9.23 7.00- 9.23  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  47 47  “  -  -  12 12  _  -  4 4  _  -  44 44  _  -  3 3  _  -  23 22  _  -  32 21  _  -  21 21  _  -  -  "  8 8  Warehousemen.......... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  7.04 7.30 6.84  6.80 5.97- 7.77 7.59 7.00- 7.77 6.21 5.97- 6.80  _  _  10 10  62 20 42  109 43 66  129 109 20  175 167 8  34 9 25  27 26 1  34 33 1  4  46  _  _  _  15  13 3 10  26 26  -  196  128 6 122  53 53  -  19 5 14  15  -  50 21 29  196  -  4  46  -  -  -  Order fillers.......... Manufacturing..  7.08 7.08  7.00 5.60- 8.65 6.16 5.20- 8.65  18 18  12 12  50 50  48 48  56 56  70 70  _  138 72  _  4 4  15 15  53 53  _  5 5  63 63  2  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  22 22  -  -  113 113  33 33  7 7  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  “  -  94 90 4  98 98  45 39 6  .  26 14 12  16  _  326  _  “  326 326  “  8 8  “  _  _  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer....... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing............... ... Transportation and utilities.. Shippers............... ManufacturingReceivers.................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing. .  451 81  6.47 6.45  Shipping packers... Manufacturing ..  7.98 7.00 11.48 12.75  Material handling laborers........... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities ..  12:84 9.30 12.84 12.84  10.70-12.84 9.30-12.77 10.70-12.84 12.84-12.84  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  6.19 6.19- 7.07 6.19 6.19- 7.07  _  -  9 9  22 22  30 30  13 13  73 73  28 28  654 654  20 20  304 238  5.72-10.85 5.72- 8.02 12.69-12.79 12.69-12.79  65 65  42 42  117 110 7  119 79 40  169 168 1  70 68 2  87 87  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  203 202 1  110 110  -  33 30 3  88 88  -  43 42 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  _  _  1  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  100 91  228 228  39 33  39 37  229 229  163 163  206 206  132 132  124 124  100 100  153 38  15 1  .  _  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  122 122  3 3  -  51 51  6 6  6 6  _  -  8 8  _  -  -  147 5 142  87 30 57  64 42 22  25 12 13  25 13 12  15 8 7  32 26 6  6 2 4  15 11 4  29 18 11  27 25 2  72 69 3  47 47  1 1  _  147 5 142  87 30 57  57 35 22  25 12 13  25 13 12  15 8 7  32 26 6  4 2 2  15 11  29 18 11  25 25  51 48 3  23 23  1 1  _  7.25 6.96 12.69 12.79  7.97 7.88  7.65 6.81- 8.82 7.65 6.81- 8.81  Power-truck operators (other than forklift).... Manufacturing.........  8.11 7.39  7.18 7.05-10.18 7.10 7.05- 8.20  Guards......................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  4.89 7.72 3.70  3.60 3.40- 5.49 8.12 5.55- 8.77 3.45 3.35- 3.60  679  Guards I................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  4.76 7.69 3.68  3.53 3.40- 4.85 7.77 5.43-10.05 3.45 3.35- 3.60  679  -  679  _  679  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  6  33 33  Forklift operators... Manufacturing..  |  -  -  11  .  -  4  -  -  -  -  “  -  12 12  161 161  ■  -  ■  _  _  -  270 270  _  “  _  69  _  _  _  “  ~  ~  ~  ~  1 1  33 33  -  24 24  37 37  -  -  -  -  1 1  33 33  -  24 24  37 37  -  _  -  -  16  -  -  "  _  ”  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean1  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle  3.20 and 3.60  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........  Transportation and utilities.....  56  7.86  8.12 8.12- 8.68  4,990 1,669 3,321 173  4.89 7.28 3.69 6.83  3.45 7.43 3.35 6.82  3.356.253.356.33-  6.55 8.05 3.45 7.00  2680 24 2656  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  14.00  _  7  .  .  _  .  2  _  _  2  21  24  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  224 23 201  155 9 146  29 16 13 10  106 64 42 6  235 210 25 22  105 74 31 30  182 127 55 53  248 247 1  30 22 8 8  3 2 1 1  155 155  _  2  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  16 14 2 2  3 3  -  315 291 24 24  35 33 2  -  136 125 11 5  204 190 14  -  127 40 87 10  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  -  _  -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  1,541 1,394  8.30 6.22  246 177  8.18 7.39  1,221 364 857  4.86 7.61 3.70  1,168 315 853  4.73 7.57 3.68  9.94 8.40 10.79 12.59  353 325  9.74 9.80  Manufacturing.................................................................  580 386 194  7 91 7.83 8.06  Truckdrivers, heavy truck................................................. Manufacturing.................................................................  376 306  8.23 8.40  53  7.84  1,041 106 935 625  11.72 10.06 11.90 12.74  3,094 1,357 1,737 129  5.37 7.32 3.85 6.97  67 57  5.90 6.26  10.57 10.54  780 754  10.69 10.66  123 101  9.56 9.66  Nonmanufacturing..........................................................  Manufacturing................................................................. Maintenance machinists....................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  309 293  9.98 9.98  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)....................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  1,216 1,190  9.55 9.58  170 528 474  11.64 9.96 12.18 12.35  483 483  10.81 10.81  Manufacturing.................................................................  Maintenance mechanics  Power-truck operators  Guards I............ ................................................................ Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  Nonmanufacturing........................................................... Transportation and utilities..........................................  7.52 7.50  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  438 371  7.87 7.97  Shippers................................................................................  194 182  8.07 8.16  57 57  6.02 6.02  1,061 479 582  6.95 7.24 6.71  112 102  7.46 7.60  499  7.21  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  143 103  5.08 3.68  406 340  6.41  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  140 103  5.01 3.68  1,807 1,403 404 326  8.02 6.96 11.69 12.75  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................................. Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................................................... Transportation and utilities..........................................  1,872 312 1,560 44  4.11 7.10 3.51 6.40  174 157 *  50  10.62  159  8.66  Manufacturing.................................................................  38  10.14  Warehousemen.................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  404 404  10.24 10.24  440 440  10.83 10.83  218 167 51  10.03 10.68 7.92  154 142  9.31 9.44  Nonmanufacturing:  Shipping packers.................................................................. Material handling laborers.................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  2,461 869 1,592 891  82  Manufacturing.................................................................  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  . powerplant occupations - men  Manufacturing.................................................................  Number of workers  13  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent Increases for selected occupational groups, Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., selected periods All industries Period*  Indexes (July 1977=100): July 1980*........................................................................... July 1981................................................................................. Percent increases: February 1972 to February 1973.................................................................... February 1973 to February 1974.......................................................... February 1974 to February 1975.................................................................... February 1975 to March 1976: 13-month increase........................................................................ Annual rate of increase........................................................ March 1976 to July 1977: 16-month increase....................................................... Annual rate of increase.......................................................................... July 1977 to July 1978................................................................ July 1978 to July 1979............................................... July 1979 to July 1980*.................................................................... July 1980 to July 1961.............................................................................  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  126.8 139.0 5.2 6.7 9.1  Manufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  126.8 138.3  132.1 146.2  131.7 143.9  130.3 142.4  127.2 139.0  C) C)  10.1  4.5 7.2 10.4  6.0 7.3 10.2  5.8 7.6 11.7  5.3 7.0 8.9  8.8 8.1  7.4 6.8  10.7 9.8  8.7 8.0  10.4 9.6  9.1 6.8 6.9 8.5 9.3 9.6  9.6 7.1 7.2 7.5 10.1 9.1  10.3 7.6 8.7 8.9 11.6 10.7  12.6 9.3 8.2 9.5 11.1 9.3  11.7 8.7 9.1 8.2 10.4 9.3  * Revised estimates for 4 of the 5 groups in all industries (electronic data processing group excepted) and for all groups in manufacturing.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14  Electronic data processing  Nonmanufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  o o  131.8 146.3  131.4 143.0  129.7 141.8  126.4 138.9  126.7 138.5  0 o  132.0 144.3  o 0  4.6 7.6 11.0  5.5 7.1 10.6  6.1 8.1 10.6  5.1 5.9 9.4  0 C)  o o  9.5  10.7  <•>  5.2 6.7 14.2  9.3 8.6  7.2 6.6  11.2 10.3  8.9 8.2  9.9 9.1  8.4 7.7  7.6 7.0  o o  11.4 10.5  9.9 7.3 7.4 7.9 9.7 9.3  C) C) C)  11.2 8.3 8.4 9.1 11.4 11.0  12.2 9.0 8.1 9.6 10.9 8.8  11.9 8.8 8.3 7.7 11.2 9.3  8.4 6.2 6.3 9.2 8.9 9.9  9.7 7.2 6.6 7.8 10.3 9.3  o o o o o o  11.4 8.4 10.6 9.2 9.3 9.3  6.6 9.7 8.8  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  Table A-8. Pay relatlonahlpa In establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I  Secretaries I............................................................................................................ Secretaries II........................................................................................................... Secretaries III.......................................................................................................... Secretaries IV.......................................................................................................... Secretaries V-..................................................................................................... .. Stenographers I................................................................ ...................................... Stenographers II...................................................................................................... Transcribing-machine typists.................................................................................. Typists I.................................................................................................................. Typists II.................................................................................................................. File clerks I............................................................................................................. File clerks II............................................................................................................ File clerks III........................................................................................................... Messengers............................................................................................................ Switchboard operators........................................................................................... Switchboard operatorreceptionists........................................................................................................ Order clerks I.......................................................................................................... Order clerks II......................................................................................................... Accounting clerks I................................................................................................. Accounting clerks II................................................................................................ Payroll clerks.......................................................................................................... Key entry operators I.............................................................................................. Key entry operators II.............................................................................................  100 111 127 143 o 94 <•) 0 68  II  III  IV  V  90 100 117 137 172 o 93 c) 82 84 66 75 84 77 96  79 86 100 117 141 75 79 75 72 78 65 72 75 67 81  70 73 86 100 119 67 72 68 65 77 60 66 61 59 69  o 58 71 84 100 52 M 58 58 62 44 56 53 49 63  Tran­ Stenographers scrib­ ing ma­ ' II chine typists 107 o 134 150 191 100 (•)  « 108 126 138 C) C) 100  o o 133 147 172 c) o 100 92 100 78  (■)  <•>  86 104  84 88  o  83  o c)  o o 0  87 83 104  88  89  93 79 69 64 95 o o 72 70 52 o 108 103 90 124 96 89 78 68 53 102 112 113 96 87 76 138 120 111 92 84 73 133 c) 81 74 67 55 94 o 95 82 72 116 59 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 111 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 111 percent of (or 11 percent  95  93  « o  o o   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  o  <•) o 0 o  91  101 122 118 89 99  o o o  Typists I  File clerks  II  148 122 139 154 172 117 119 109 100 124 94 94 109 95 118  C> 119 128 130 161 96 114 100 81 100 81 85 95 82 116  108  102  o  o  I  o 151 155 165 228 o o 129 106 124 100 124  II  III  c) 133 139 152 180 120 o  o 120 134 163 187 o 115  o  C)  107 118 81 100  92 105  o  o  109 112  86 116  100 87 113  c) o  o 120 117 o 124 <•) o o c) c) 93 96 118 115 98 123 126 147 146 125 118 124 141 130 116 90 87 117 104 87 113 114 150 126 106 more than) the earnings of Secretaries I. o o  124 111 145 132 103 133  See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  15  Switch­ Switch­ board MesOrder clerks board opera­ senopera­ tor gers 1 tors -recep­ II tionists c) 130 150 168 205 o 120 114 105 122 92 116 115 100 118  110 104 123 146 159 o 96  112 112 172 115 147 140 113 134  0 o  o  85 86 89 86 88 84 100  <•> 107 123 116 87 101  112 107 126 145 155 106 105 107 93 98 83 86 o  o  o o c) «  90  90 (•)  58 (')  90 100 135 97 139 128 93  76 74 100 75 117 94 66 90  100 103 133 100 126 119 102 104  100 111 131 100 123 116 92 110  ci 93 97 112 « 81 o  o o  81  I  104 113 128 147 188 98 99 108 90 104 85 87 102 87 94  C)  o <•> 139 143 192 o o  Accounting clerks  <•> o  81  o  o  Payroll clerks  II  Key entry operators I  II  89 88 104 115 132 72 82 81 69 80 68 69 80 68 81  84 90 109 120 137 75 85 85 76 81 71 77 86 72 86  c) 123 134 148 181 106 112 112 97 115 86 96 115 89 114  c) 106 122 139 •170 86 101 89 75 87 67 79 94 74 99  81 72 86 79 100 94 80 88  86 78 106 84 106 100 80 95  108 107 151 98 125 124 100 123  91 (*) 111 96 114 105 81 100  Table A-9. Pay relationships In establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Computer systems analysts (business) I  n  Computer systems analysts 100 83 (business) I..................................................................................................... Computer systems analysts 121 100 (business) II.................................................................................................... Computer systems analysts o 119 (business) III................................................................................................... Computer programmers 83 67 (business) I..................................................................................................... Computer programmers 93 80 (business) II.................................................................................................... Computer programmers 107 94 (business) III................................................................................................... 59 c) Computer operators I......................................................................................... 72 82 Computer operators II........................................................................................ 83 73 Computer operators III....................................................................................... 62 M Drafters III.......................................................................................................... 73 c) Drafters IV.......................................................................................................... 89 c) Drafters V........................................................................................................... <■> <■> Electronics technicians II................................................................................... 80 78 Registered industrial nurses.............................................................................. See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers (business) III  I  II  III  Computer operators  Drafters  1  II  III  III  IV  V  Electronics Registered technicians industrial nurses II  0  121  107  93  o  122  121  0  «  <•)  o  125  84  148  125  107  168  139  138  161  137  112  o  129  100  176  144  121  211  171  164  156  159  130  c)  143  57  100  82  69  122  101  98  o  o  o  o  90  69  122  100  83  150  129  114  132  112  99  o  101  83 47 58 61 64 63 77 o 70  146 82 99 102 c) o c) o 111  121 67 78 87 76 89 101 o 99  100 55 72 71 <•) o <■) <•> 84  181 100 122 139 98 o 132 o 140  139 82 100 126 83 102 124 o 115  142 72 79 100 74 87 105 o 97  o 103 121 136 100 123 135 o 131  o o 98 115 81 100 123 o 111  c) 76 81 96 74 81 100 93 95  0 o o c) o o 108 100 (•)  120 72 87 103 77 90 105 o 100  16  Table A-10.Pay relationships In establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal workers  Trades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  o 0 125 o  o 101 c) o  92 97 92 o  100 101 95 99  105 106 103 106  Mechanics Electricians  Carpenters  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles 98 102 94 100  99 101 96 101  99 101 o 0  100  98  102 97 101  100  103 106  94 99  100  99 101 97  103  100  100 101 96 108  100  99  105  92  100  102  101  101  <*)  101  100  100  102  100 99 o c) o o 101 95  98 99 99 (•> 99 100 100 98  100  99  101 (•) 87 100 105 103 96  100  o 100  115 c) o  100 100 (■) (•)  95 96 o o 94  97 99 100 o 102 106 100  104 104 102 0 0 110 106  94  100  Maintenance mechanics Maintenance mechanics 106 98 102 99 104 101 99 C) 101 80 (•) C) f) 99 (') 108 108 104 105 100 99 98 95 94 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  100  100 o 100 105 101 96  (*) (•) (•) 100 98  100  100  o o o <•>  100  106 98 o  94 91  Table A-11.Pay relationships In establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Truckdrivers  Occupation for which earnings are compared Light truck 100 (•) («) <*) <•) 88 (*) 84 85 C) (•)  94  Medium truck  Heavy truck  Tractortrailer  <•) 100 (•) 0 96 83 (') 83 86 (•) 89 96  (*) 0 100 («) (•) (*) C) 90 (•) (•) 86 88  o <•) <•) 100 86 o o 91 (') 0 89 81  C) 104 o 117 100 101 (•) 100 93 93 93 101  113 120 0 c) 99 100 o 102 99 96 98 98  o o <■) <•) c) <•) 100 o <•> <•> 89 98  119 120 111 110 100 98 c) 100 101 102 94 100  <•) 87 (•) 89  (•> 97 « 93  <•> o o 90  o 93 <«> 89   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17  Guards  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)  117 116 o o 108 101 o 99 100 99 98 100  o (•> c) o 107 105 <•) 98 101 100 100 104  o 113 116 113 107 102 112 106 102 100 100 103  106 104 114 124 99 102 102 100 100 96 97 100  o M 0 M 0 0 e> 0 93 o 96 97  123 142 o 0 115 103 « 107 116 101 103 104  0 o o o c) <•) c) (•) o « o «  114 123 143 117 112 107 111 113 107 104 104 108  107 86 o 93  c) 99 n 96  105 97 o 96  103 96 o 93  100 65 n 85  153 100 0 98  c) n 100 n  118 102 o 100  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Receivers  Power-truck operators C) C) C) C> f) 70 («) 82 (•) C) (*) (') 70 85 88 81 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  Shippers and receivers  Shippers  I  II  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly e irnings (in doll ars)1  Mean1  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,121 1,373 748  39.0 39.0 38.5  298.00 309.00 277.50  290.00 303.00 268.50  251.00- 341.00 264.50- 349.00 230.00- 310.50  Secretaries II................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  694 548 146  39.0 39.0 38.5  278.00 290.50 232.00  283.00 293.00 219.50  Secretaries III............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  849 529 320  39.0 39.5 38.5  298.50 314.50 272.00  Secretaries IV.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  362 173 189  38.5 39.0 38.0  Secretaries V............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  105 54 51  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  140 Under and 140 under 150 _ -  _ -  245.00- 309.50 267.00- 317.00 200.50- 248.50  _ -  _  288.00 324.50 265.50  246.00- 349.50 259.00- 370.00 232.00- 290.50  325.50 351.50 301.00  318.50 361.50 287.50  38.5 39.0 37.5  350.50 363.50 337.50  683 488 195 151  39.0 38.5 39.5 40.0  Stenographers I........................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  360 124 102  Stenographers II.......................... Nonmanufacturing......................  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  480  520  560  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  480  520  560  600  1 1 1 1  16 3 13  61 26 35  141 64 77  174 76 98  246 141 105  284 173 111  246 168 78  246 169 77  157 109 48  192 164 28  110 92 18  9 2 7  36 9 27  53 14 39  60 33 27  76 53 23  89 83 6  132 126 6  103 101 2  46 42 4  76 74 2  9 9 -  -  -  20 13 7  65 41 24  91 33 58  97 45 52  113 46 67  63 27 36  65 46 19  72 53 19  81 69 12  66 63 3  74 70 4  17 4 13  3 3  4 3  17 5 12  15 3 12  43 17 26  47 14 33  31 9 22  25 8 17  30 11 19  26 15 11  22 11 11  29 21 8  38 25 13  1 1  7 3 4  7 4 3  11 2 9  23 10 13  8 2 6  9 6 3  13 9 4  4 3 1  32 23 9 9  40 8 32 32  4 3 1 1  12 12  3 1 1  10  -  -  _ -  _  _  -  -  5 1 4  264.00- 386.00 288.00- 413.00 259.00- 337.00  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  324.50 352.50 311.00  300.00- 379.50 300.50- 403.00 293.00- 355.50  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  269.00 263.50 282.50 306.00  266.50 260.50 283.00 291.00  226.00225.50232.50270.00-  2  _  -  2  -  12 2 10 -  24 13 11 3  98 79 19 7  110 91 19 13  75 58 17 13  110 94 16 14  110 78 32 32  38.5 39.5 40.0  259.50 298.50 322.00  236.00 283.00 299.00  216.50- 283.00 256.50- 323.00 279.00- 397.00  _  2 2  12 10  14 3  76 1  “  -  43 9 7  17 13 11  29 27 27  _  -  96 10 8  -  21 21 21  323 71  39.0 39.5  280.00 254.50  277.50 240.00  262.00- 295.00 213.00- 314.00  22 18  14 9  32 6  93 3  81 5  32 9  19 11  1  Transcribing-machine typists..........  88  38.0  210.50  202.00  174.00- 241.00  -  Typists............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  405 142 263 44  38.5 38.5 39.0 40.0  201.50 229.50 186.00 257.50  187.50 163.00228.00 210.00173.50 157.00235.00 215.50-  Typists I........................................ Nonmanufacturing......................  188 154  39.0 39.0  177.50 174.50  Typists II....................................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  217 109 33  38.0 38.5 40.0  File clerks......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  259 52 207  File clerks I...................................  291.00 284.00 323.00 330.00  -  “  _  1  107 94 13  59 31 28  27 22 5  23 16 5 1 1  19 14 5  10 7 3  2 1 1  -  -  3 3  8 7 1  8 8  20 18 2  8 6 2  3 3  4 4  3 2 1  2 1 1  5 4 1  5 3 2  6 3 3  1  8 6 2 2  21 10 11 11  25 11 14 14  -  -  -  -  -  5 2 2  18 11 11  14 14 14  -  -  -  -  2  3  3  11 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 5  -  -  -  -  1 -  1  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  10 8  -  2  2  20  18  12  9  12  8  -  5  -  26 2 24  52 4 48  43 29 14 4  41 18 23 21  32 31 1 1  11 8 3 3  6 4 2 1  2 1 1  _ _  _  -  81 13 68 4  21 21  -  84 11 73 4  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  16 14  38 34  62 51  47 41  12 6  5 4  2 1  3 -  3 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  14 14  22 22 1  34 27 2  31 8 4  36 19 19  30  18  8  -  10 10  _  _  _  2 1  -  -  -  6 2 1  -  1 1 1  -  5 5 5  -  -  -  76 4 72  20 15 5  13 13  16 10 6  3 3  1  2  -  2  -  -  -  -  227.00 250.50 192.50 243.50  _  169.50 167.50  157.00- 187.50 157.00- 187.50  _  222.00 203.00 267.00  217.00 182.00 235.00  182.00- 245.00 162.00- 226.50 226.50- 235.00  _  -  -  -  39.0 39.5 38.5  183.00 225.50 172.50  182.50 220.00 174.00  152.00- 198.50 214.00- 240.50 146.00- 182.50  •30  22  30  28 2 26  22  45 2 43  85  38.0  157.50  145.00  139.50- 154.00  23  25  17  3  2  9  6  -  -  File clerks III.................................  54  39.0  227.00  213.00  189.50- 253.00  -  -  -  8  17  6  4  12  3  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  141 50 91  38.5 39.5 37.5  179.00 200.50 167.00  174.00 194.00 165.00  152.00- 192.00 160.50- 223.50 149.00- ieo.oo  5 3 2  24 3 21  25 7 18  28 3 25  31 12 19  8 4 4  10 9 1  6 5 1  1 1  3 3  -  -  Switchboard operators....................  73  39.0  237.00  208.00  179.00- 321.00  2  4  7  8  11  7  2  7  -  2  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  18  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  5  _  -  _  3 3  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  -  1  2  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  8  9  -  2  -  -  :  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  || —L - B workers  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average weekly (standUiU/  Mean*  Median’  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  Under  and 150  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  480  520  560  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  480  520  560  600  r 87  39.0  208.00  212.00  160.00- 244.00 ‘  7  7  -  22  1  14  7  21  -  6  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  _  _  35  28 28  17 17  18 18  26 26  23 23  7 7  4 4  3 3  2 2  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  _  -  27 27  _  -  11 11  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  10 10  25  26 26  6  10 10  14  15  3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  2 2  2 2  11 11  8 8  12 12  8 8  4 4  4 4  3 3  2 2  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  139 46 93  119 56 63  144 57 37  137 68 69  88 47 41  52 43 9  41 23 18  30 26 4  44 29 15  15 11 4  18 17 1  6 6  3 3  2 2  3 3  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  97 52 45  78 43 35  85 60 25  59 41 18  33 32 1  31 19 12  13 13  8  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  48  131 46 85  -  -  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8  66 14 52  52 8 44  29 6 23  19 11 8  10 4 6  17 13 4  36 21 15  13 11 2  18 17 1  6 6  3 3  2 2  2 2  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  _  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing............................  201 166  39.0 38.5  226.00 242.00  219.50 240.00  185.00- 267.50 200.50- 277.50  Manufacturing............................  109  38.0  226.50  212.00  166 50- 250 50 190.00- 262.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  35  ■  "  -  Order clerks II.............................. Manufacturing............................  57 57  39.5 39.5  271.50 271.50  264.50 264.50  240.00- 290.00 240.00- 290.00  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  928 454 474  39.0 39.0 38.5  226.00 246.00 207.00  216.00 232.00 200.00  180.50- 254.00 198.00- 283.00 170.00- 231.00  8 7 1  31 10 21  48  331 293  39.0 38.5  222.50 189.00  220.00 176.00  170 00- 235 00 190.50- 249.50 160.00- 206.00  8 7 1  31 10 21  48  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Accounting clerks II...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  303 122 181  39.0 39.5 38.5  265.00 308.00 236.00  241.00 323.00 226.00  214.50- 323.00 259.00- 359.00 208.00- 250.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  "  8  22 4 18  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................  219 119  39.0 39.0 39 0  244.00 280.50 200 00  230.00 271.50 190 00  190.00- 276.00 234.50- 302.00 175 50- 218 00  1 1  1  7  -  -  23 9 14  33 20 13  22 15 7  12 10 2  9 9  7 4 3  3 3  4 4  9 9  1 1  1 1  3 3  7  40 5 35  18 18  1  23 5 18  17 4 13  38 16 22  131 22 109  88 25 63 4  117 57 60 3  63 32 31 7  48 36 12 4  19 11 8 7  4 3 1  18 8 10 9  2 2  3 3  1 1  4 4  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  56  25  9 2 7  _  11  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  9  10 9 1  4 3 1  7 6 1  2 2  3 3  1 1  4 4  5 5  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  48  -  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  667 253 414 37  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  216.00 239.00 202.00 270.00  207.00 229.50 194.50 263.00  175.00197.50171.50222.00-  241.00 266.50 225.00 296.50  2  -  -  -  -  105 23 82 3  Key entry operators I...................  322  38.5  203.50  192.50  168.00- 227.00  2  14  25  74  57  36  Nonmanufacturing......................  185  38.0  192.00  181.50  165.00- 200.00  2  13  16  59  43  24  5  4  13 10 3  345 Key entry operators II.................. 116 Manufacturing............................ 229 Nonmanutacturing...................... * All workers were at $130.00 to $140.00. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  39.0 39.5 39.0  228.00 262.00 210.50  219.50 264.00 210.50  186.00- 253.00 206.00- 291.50 180.00- 233.00  _ -  3 3  -  -  13 7 6  57 7 50  48 9 39  52 13 39  61 6 55  38 11 27  35 26 9   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  2  19  -  _  '  -  _  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-fnd., July 1981  Occupation and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average weekly  M workers  (stand-  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  and 170  Computer systems analysts (business).................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  441 174 267  39.5 40.0 39.0  479.00 483.00 476.00  482.00 480.00 484.00  Computer systems analysts (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  245 76 169  39.5 40.0 39.5  480.00 489.50 476.00  Computer systems analysts (business) III............................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  145 80  39.0 38.5  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  527 202 325  Computer programmers (business) I............................... Computer programmers (business) II.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  426.50- 528.00 428.00- 534.00 425.50- 526.00  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  2  8  1  2  8  490.00 416.50- 532.50 502.50 405.50- 568.50 482.00 430.00- 515.50  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  491.00 502.50  482.50 507.00  458.00- 526.50 470.50- 546.00  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  38.5 40.0 38.0  354.50 369.50 345.50  345.00 372.00 335.00  297.50- 400.00 316.50- 411.50 288.00- 380.00  _  _ -  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  7 6 1  12 7 5  57 7 50  104  38.0  294.00  282.00  265.00- 301.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  301 142 159  39.0 40.0 38.0  350.00 352.50 348.00  345.00 316.50- 377.00 361.00 292.00- 400.50 342.00 325.00- 370.00  -  -  -  -  "  7 6 1  Computer programmers (business) III............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  122 85  38.5 38.0  417.50 403.50  425.00 416.00  361.50- 465.50 350.00- 458.00  -  -  -  -  -  Computer operators........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  427 173 254  39.0 39.5 39.0  297.50 308.50 290.50  280.00 286.00 269.00  243.00- 330.00 249.50- 334.00 240.00- 330.00  5  6 1 5  5 3 2  11 6 5  Computer operators I................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  156 59 97  39.0 39.5 39.0  244.00 251.50 239.50  244.50 249.00 242.00  215.00- 259.00 234.00- 272.50 214.00- 256.50  5  1 1  5 3 2  Computer operators II.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  167 76 91  39.5 39.5 39.5  306.00 317.50 296.50  309.50 307.50 310.00  258.00- 330.00 258.00- 335.50 255.00- 330.00  _  5  _  -  5  -  Computer operators III................. Nonmanufacturing......................  104 66  39.0 38.5  364.50 357.00  343.00 327.00  287.00- 431.00 281.50- 405.00  Drafters............................................ Manufacturing............................  538 497  40.0 40.0  335.50 333.00  332.00 331.50  Drafters III.................................... Manufacturing............................  96 88  40.0 40.0  283.00 276.50  Drafters IV.................................... Manufacturing............................  270 262  40.0 40.0  Drafters V..................................... Manufacturing............................  159 146  Electronics technicians................. «.. Manufacturing............................  234 227  .  23 11 12  65 27 38  64 27 37  101 46 55  94 25 69  53 21 32  25 12 13  2 2  1 1  -  -  5  12 5 7  47 23 24  35 6 29  37 4 33  57 10 47  27 13 14  22 12 10  2 2 -  _ -  -  -  -  12 8  28 7  49 22  28 22  24 18  3 3  -  -  60 27 33  43 5 38  56 13 43  129 56 73  72 37 35  44 22 22  30 16 14  14 3 11  _  1 1  2 2  _  -  -  -  -  47  19  11  9  10  5  "  ~  -  -  -  -  -  9 6 3  8 3 5  36 27 9  22 3 19  42 9 33  104 41 63  46 28 18  14 12 2  8 7 1  5 5  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  "  -  2 2  5 5  10 8  5 5  15 9  21 17  30 20  22 13  9 6  -  1  2  -  -  -  32 6 26  31 13 18  89 33 56  33 21 12  30 14 16  41 22 19  61 11 50  23 11 12  22 10 12  15 12 3  _  16 3 13  5 5  1 1  1 1  _  -  -  8 3 5  23 4 19  25 9 16  51 20 31  20 14 6  4 3 1  _  12  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  _  12  1 1  _  -  _ -  -  -  -  3 3  6 4 2  24 13 11  8 4 4  11 5 6  34 20 14  39 6 33  9 5 4  11 6 5  3 3  _  1 1  4 4  _  _  _  -  9 2 7  -  -  -  . -  -  5  5  5  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  15 9  7 5  10 5  14 8  10 7  12 3  -  14 13  1  -  5 2  1  -  14 14  _  -  -  -  292.00- 380.00 292.00- 376.50  _  _  -  1 1  13 13  15 11  24 20  49 48  49 46  83 82  56 55  108 101  82 75  52 39  3 3  2 2  _  -  1 1  295.00 292.00  234.00- 310.00 230.50- 307.00  _  _  _  -  11 11  5 5  9 9  12 12  30 29  5 5  8 1  2 2  _  -  13 13  _  -  1 1  -  330.50 328.00  331.50 331.00  290.00- 365.00 290.00- 364.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  "  -  -  -  -  -  9 9  39 39  34 34  35 35  45 44  57 57  45 38  40.0 40.0  382.50 377.00  380.00 379.50  346.00- 425.50 345.50- 424.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  43 43  40.0 40.0  329.50 326.00  384.00 359.00  220.00- 426.00 218.50- 424.50  5 5  7 7  11 11  16 16  18 18  2 2  4 4  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  20  _  _  -  6 6  -  -  18 18  15 15  10 10  12 12  9 9  6 6  -  1  _  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  "  -  -  -  6 6  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  35 35  46 33  3 3  2 2  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  11 11  108 101  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  '  2 2  1 1  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Registered industrial nurses Manufacturing  Number workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (In dollars)1  Mean1  366.00 368.50  Median1  351.00 356.50  Middle range1  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  under  324.00- 402.50 326.00- 402.50  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  21  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  179 144  39.0 38.5  218.00 234.50  139 104  38.5 38.0  206.00 225.00  826 415 411  39.0 39.0 38.5  224.00 241.50 206.50  Accounting clerks I.............................................. Manufacturing....................................................  570 315 255  39.0 39.0 39.0  206.00 220.50 188.00  Accounting clerks II.............................................  255 99 156  39.0 39.5 38.5  264.00 307.50 237.00  199 107 92  39.0 39.0 39 0  236.00 268.50  626 248 378 36  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  215.00 236.50 201.00 270.50  316 137 179  38.5 39.5 38.0  204.00 219.00 192.00  310 111 199  39.0 39.5 38.5  226.50 258.00 209.00  Office occupations women Manufacturing.....................................................  2,112 1,370 742  39.0 39.0 38.5  298.00 309.00 278.00  Secretaries II........................................................ Manufacturing.....................................................  694 548 146  39.0 39.0 38.5  278.00 290.50 232.00  Secretaries III......................................................  848 528 320  39.0 39.5 38.5  298.50 315.00 272.00  360 171 189  38.5 39.0 38.0  325.50 352.50 301.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  n_ lrri|i i ili u L „ 105 54  38.5 39.0  350.50 363.50  680 487 193 149  39.0 38.5 39.5 40.0  269.00 263.50 282.50 306.00  358 123 101  38.5 39.5 40.0  259.00 298.00 321.00  322 70  39.0 39.5  280.00 255.50  88  38.0  210.50  Key entry operators................................................  Typists: 142  38.5  229.50  44  40.0  257.50  217 109 33  38.0 38.5 40.0  222.00 203.00 267.00  249 203  39.0 38.5  181.50 172.00  82  38.0  158.00  38 5  79  38.0  87  39.0  Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Computer systems analysts (business) II.....................................................  Computer systems analysts (business) III.................................................... Computer programmers (business)........................  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  89 63  38.5 38.0  422.00 414.00  262 120  39 0 39.5  300 00 326.00  88 50  39.0 39.5  320.00 348.50  85 52  39.0 38.5  345.50 331.50  495 459  40.0 40.0  338.00 335.50  Manufacturing....................................................  80 75  40.0 40.0  284.00 279.50  Drafters IV............................................................ Manufacturing.....................................................  260 253  40.0 40.0  330.00 328.00  Drafters V............................................................. Manufacturing....................................................  143 130  40.0 40.0  389.50 384.00  Electronics technicians...........................................  214 207  40.0 40.0  339.50 335.50  123 89  39.5 39.0  469.50 479.00  85  39.5  478.50  220 77 143  38.5 40.0 38.0  331.00 344.00 324.00  59  38.0  285.50  Computer programmers (business) III.....................................................  Drafters............................................ .......... .............  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts (business)............................................................ Computer systems analysts  170.50  208.00  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Computer systems analysts 301 140 161  39.5 40.0 39.0  485.50 492.50 479.00  154 58 96  39.5 40.0 39.5  485.00 505.00 473.00  112  39.0  497.50  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  128 55 73  39.0 40.0 38.0  333.00 322.50 341.00  307 125 182  39.0 40.0 38.0  371.50 385.00 362.00  Computer operators: Manufacturing.....................................................  53  39.5  268.50  Computer operators II.........................................  72  40.0  291.00  Manufacturing....................................................  90 81  39.5 39.5  366.00 368.50  Computer programmers Switchboard operatorreceptionists .........................................................  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Professional and technical occupations - men  Nonmanufacturing:  51  Average (mean2) Number of workers  22  173 87 86  |  39.0 40.0 38.5  362.50 371.50 353.50  *  ,  ___  .  .  ,  ,  Computer programmers Computer programmers  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 5.00 and under 5.40  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.80  12.60  13.40  14.20  15.00  15.80  16.60  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.80  12.60  13.40  14.20  15.00  15.80  16.60  17.40  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................  107 82  10.58 10.54  10.15 9.50-11.85 10.49 9.50-11.85  _  _  _  _  -  4 4  _  -  „ -  _  -  -  -  -  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................  696 670  10.88 10.85  10.68 9.31-12.45 10.61 9.31-12.45  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................  118 101  9.73 9.70  9.50 8.42-10.64 9.50 8.42-10.29  1  _  1  1  _  -  -  -  -  2 2  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................  232 216  10.49 10.54  9.85 9.69-12.45 9.80 9.69-12.45  _  _  _  _  m  -  -  -  "  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................  681 677  10.41 10.43  9.85 9.31-11.05 9.85 9.31-11 05  -  -  -  -  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  323 131 192  11.43 10.39 12.14  11.89 10.77-13.04 9.76 8.34-12.45 13.04 10.96-13.04  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................  483 483  10.81 10.81  9.85 9.69-12.45 9.85 9.69-12.45  Maintenance sheet-metal workers...  50  10.62  9.79 9.76-12.80  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing............................  379 379  10.41 10.41  9.69 9.69-12.87 9.69 9.69-12.87  _  Tool and die makers....................... Manufacturing............................  364 364  11.23 11.23  10.66 10.57-13.05 10.66 10.57-13.05  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................  173 159  10.54 10.71  10.10 8.75-12.68 10.35 8.98-12.80  Boiler tenders.................................. Manufacturing............................  119 112  9.58 9.67  9.78 8.26- 9.80 9.78 8.51- 9 80  .  5 4  1 1  F 4 3  21 20  21 5  5 5  5 5  12 12  18 17  6 6  -  14 13  54 54  106 106  99 99  41 41  2 1  64 58  63 49  84 84  161 161  -  -  3 1  15 14  13 9  .  8 8  7 7  1 1  6 6  11 11  6 6  1  -  25 25  5  -  12 11  ~  4 4  2 2  10 10  6 6  22 22  2 2  62 62  19 3  18 18  -  -  87 87  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  17 17  46 46  254 254  8 8  46 46  -  -  76 76  88 88  30 30  112 112  -  8 8  37 37  4 4  11 11  -  -  -  46  -  128 25 103  _ _  _  37 4 33  35 35  -  10 1 9  46  -  3 2 1  _  -  3 3  67 67  1 1  101 101  88 88  .  -  20 20  33 33  58 58  1  24  10  -  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 4 -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  1  -  -  -  2  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  '  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  112 112  -  -  -  -  -  -  14  -  -  -  -  -  ■  2 2  13 13  12 12  44 44  193 193  12 12  -  -  -  -  103 103  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  18 18  _  -  1 1  "  16 16  4 4  69 69  136 136  -  2 2  116 116  -  -  -  -  -  4  _  3  -  -  -  -  42 40  16 16  8 6  16 16  17 15  2 2  10 10  9 9  45 45  -  -  -  -  -  1  2  -  -  5 4  26 26  2 1  9 7  19 19  25 25  -  6 6  13 13  -  7 7  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  1  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  4 4  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  .  -  4  23  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In establishments employing 500 workers or more In Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range*  3.20 and under 3.40  3.40  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  10.00  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  3.60  3.80  4,00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  10.00  10.80  11.60  12.40  13.20  14.00  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  857 292 565  10.60 9.12 11.36  10.70 8.41-12.84 8.09 8.09-10.23 12.08 10.70-12.84  _ -  _ -  _ -  7  5  7  _ -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Manufacturing............................  364 51  11.18 10.85  10.70 10.70-12.08 13.05 8.31-13.05  -  -  -  -  -  -  Shippers..........................................  64  7.17  7.38 6.13- 8.43  -  -  5  -  5  5  Warehousemen...............................  281  7.82  7.59 7.45- 8.30  Nonmanufacturing......................  86  7.71  7.50 6.00- 8.26  _ -  _ -  5  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  -  _  _ -  -  1  11 11  17 7 10  30 25 5  133 127 6  37 37  -  1  -  -  -  3 3  9 9  6 6  -  2  8  6  7  -  9  8  _  24  5 5  5 5  19  -  42 34 8  15  24  116 96 20  14  _ -  _ -  2 2  -  -  _ -  Shipping packers............................. Manufacturing............................  194 194  7.82 7.82  7.91 7.91  7.65- 7.95 7.65- 7.95  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  4 4  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................  1,135 928  8.70 7.95  8.02 6.95-10.94 7.91 6.60- 8.68  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 -  32 30  6 4  74 74  17 16  Forklift operators............................. Manufacturing............................  1,046 1,042  8.50 8.51  7.93 7.32-10.93 8.04 7.32-10.93  _  _  _  _  -  "  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 2  52 52  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)........................  262  8.17  8.20 7.05-10.21  Guards............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  391 321 70  7.89 8.40 5.56  8.12 5.92- 8.77 8.15 7.49-10.05 5.46 4.30- 6.83  Guards 1........................................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  339 269 70  7.89 8.49 5.56  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  2,483 1,104 142  -  -  8.00 5.85-10.05 8.19 7.38-10.05 5.46 4.30- 6.83  _  _  -  -  -  5.59 7.90  4.98 3.35- 7.83 7.91 7.04- 8.05  1144 -  6.53  6.49 6.00- 7.00  -  3 3 " 3 3  16 16 16  63 43 20  35 2 33  278 27 251  _ -  _ -  205  20  -  -  35 2  82 27  _ -  -  -  4  5  -  -  -  33  4  _  _  _  _  1  18 3 15  4  -  -  -  -  53 52  68 68  17 17  2 2  2 2  -  “  4 4  33 33  113 113  33 33  7 7  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  48 46  75 75  95 94  100 100  87 87  82 78  98 98  45 39  14 14  28 12  161 161  _ -  172 -  _ -  6 6  23 21  137 137  97 97  206 206  112 112  69 69  37 37  33 33  _ -  270 270  _ -  _ -  _ -  5 5  122 122  3 3  -  51 51  6 6  6 6  -  69  -  -  -  -  72 69 3  47 47  1 1  1 1  33 33  24 24  37 37  -  “  -  -  “  -  “  23 23  1 1  1 1  33 33  24 24  37 37  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  -  -  *  _ -  _ -  -  -  ■  ■  17 9 8  12 11 1  14 12 2  23 13 10  15 8 7  9 3 6  4 2 2  9 5 4  29 18 11  25 25  17 9 8  5 4 1  14 12 2  23 13 10  15 8 7  g 3 6  4 2 2  9 5 4  29 18 11  25 25 -  51 48 3  “  -  16  34  7  8  -  -  -  17 9  27 2  11 3  29 16  62 48  98 77  89 58  150 95  105 105  248 247  219 219  29 29  16 14  33 25  157 157  -  -  -  -  10  5  10  6  18  30  53  "  -  -  -  2  8  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  208 3 205  12 2 10  24  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex In establishments employing 500 workers or more in  Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind., July 1981 Sex,® occupation, and industry division •  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)*  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Maintenance electricians..................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  106 82  10.57 10.54  695 669  10.88 10.85  114 97  9.70 9.68  231 215  10.48 10.53  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)*  169 156  10.58 10.73  119 112  9.58 9.67  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Material movement and custodial occupations - men 813 292 521  10.51 9.12 11.28  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................................  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)*  342 281 61  7.84 8.36 5.47  293 232 61  7.83 8.45 5.47  1,576 878  6.18 7.99  98  6.58  104 102  7.63 7.60  74 74  7.02 7.02  226  7.54  44  6.40  Nonmanufacturing:  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer: 51  10.85  218 169  7.69 7.81  169 167  8.78 8.76  124 124  7.80 7.80  1,026  8.83  Maintenance mechanics  Manufacturing.................................................................  681 677  10.41 10.43  323 131 192  11.43 10.39 12.14 Manufacturing.................................................................  Manufacturing.................................................................  483 483  10.81 10.81  50  10.62  379 379  10.41 10.41  364 364  11.23 11.23  Material handling laborers.................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................  occupations - women  Material handling laborers....................................................  Manufacturing................................................................. 972 968  8.61 8.62  238 169  8.25 7.46  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Power-truck operators  Manufacturing.................................................................  Manufacturing.................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities..........................................  Footnotes 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 2 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. * Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 4 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  26  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions-are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages 'during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical  Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks, I and II Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II  Secretaries Stenographers, I and II Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Electronic data processing  Computer systems analysts, I, II, and HI   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  Industrial nurses  Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance  Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Pay relationships In establishments Tables A-8 through A-11 compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences.  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.  The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-ll: 1. Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified. 2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishments contribution to the totals used in this comparison.  1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Cincinnati, Ohlo-Ky.-Ind.,1 *July 1981  Industry division*  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of survey  Number of establishments  Within scope of survey3  Workers in establishments Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied  Number  Percent  All establishments All divisions..................................................................................................................  -  1,065  185  272,846  100  136,856  Manufacturing.................................................................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities9.................................................................................................... Wholesale trade*............................................................................................................. Retail trade*.................................................................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate*.............................................................................. Services*7.......................................................................................................................  50 -  405 660  75 110  136,726 136,120  50 50  74,680 62,176  50 50 50 50 50  62 128 253 84 133  28 13 22 17 30  27,094 12,326 51,870 18,313 26,517  10 5 19 7 10  22,094 3,004 21,666 8,514 6,898  -  110  67  149,253  100  116,204  58 52  35 32  82,980 66,273  56 44  66,433 49,771  Large establishments All divisions..................................................................................................................  500 Manufacturing.................................................................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and 500 other public utilities9.................................................................................................... 500 Wholesale trade*............................................................................................................. Retail trade*.................................................................................................................... 500 Finance, insurance, and real estate*............................................................................. 500 Services*7....................................................................................................................... 500 1 The Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Clermont, Hamilton, and Warren Counties, Ohio; Boone, Campbell and Kenton Counties, Ky.; and Dearborn County, Ind. The “workers within scope of survey’’ estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. * The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10 2 22 9 9  10 18,604 18,604 12 2 1,327 1,327 1 10 31,185 21 20,378 6 9,133 6 6,949 6,024 2,513 4 4 nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division. 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. 9 Abbreviated to “transportation and utilities" in the A-series tables. Formerly referred to as "public utilities”. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. The Cincinnati transit system is municipally owned and operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. 9 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries' and “nonmanufacturing” estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  29  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job descriptions, are excluded.  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant:  e-  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are  Office SECRETARY Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics.  matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  LS-1  Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: a.  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  a.  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  b.  c-  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  LS-2 a.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  b.  LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the * following:  LS-3 a. b.  c. '  d. e.  a. b.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  c. d. e. LR-2  Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b.  c.  c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or , Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  d.  e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination:  NOTE: The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  LS-1...................................................... LS-2...................................................... LS-3...................................................... LS-4......................................................  1  LR-1  LR-2  I II Ill IV  II III IV V  STENOGRAPHER Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-machine typist). NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition. Stenographer I Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. Stenographer II Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR  Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­ graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating l^ocesses. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Typist I Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly. Typist II Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. FILE CLERK Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: File Clerk I Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk II Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. MESSENGER Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate  information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or salespeople. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order.  ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes. Accounting Clerk II Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing compli­ cated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more level I accounting clerks.  Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following:  Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Order Clerk I Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. Order Clerk II Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. ACCOUNTING CLERK Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Accounting Clerk I Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized proce­ dures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  PAYROLL CLERK Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Key Entry Operator I Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I. NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  Computer Systems Analyst I Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  Computer Programmer I Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  Computer Systems Analyst II Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Computer Programmer II Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  Computer Systems Analyst III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  34  Computer Programmer III Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. COMPUTER OPERATOR In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: a. b. c. d. efg-  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:  Computer Operator II In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators. Computer Operator III In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following: a. b. c. d.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: a.  Computer Operator I Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  b. c. d. e. f.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, proce­ dures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and information in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c. d. e.  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Drafter III Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved. Electronics Technician II Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Electronics Technician III Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE PAINTER Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MACHINIST Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the  following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing), of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY) Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MILLWRIGHT Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE) Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repair? that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM) Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  38  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops. TOOL AND DIE MAKER Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g„ plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows: Truckdriver, light truck  (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck  (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck  (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  STATIONARY ENGINEER Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:  WAREHOUSEMAN As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator).  Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  GUARD Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:  ORDER FILLER Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  Guard I Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  SHIPPING PACKER Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who  Guard II Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons.  also make woodmt boxes or crates are excluded.  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting1 devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.  JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in  Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  window washing are excluded.  40  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic designation designation Occupation (currently used) (previously used) E Secretary. I II D C III B IV A V Stenographer  I II  General Senior  Typist  I II  B A  File clerk  I II III  C B A  Order clerk  I II  B A  Accounting clerk  I II  B A  Key entry operator  I II  B A  Occupation Computer systems analyst (business)  Computer programmer (business) ....  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  I  C B A  II III Computer operator........................ ...  I II III  Drafter...............................................  I II III IV V  Electronics technician.................. .   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Numeric designation (currently used) I II III  Guard  41  I  C B A E D C B A  II III  C B A  I II  B A  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.  U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1981 - 341-265/233   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis, El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bemardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del., N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE—  An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a  copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area  Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1980*................................................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1980...................................... Atlanta, Ga., May 1981'..................................................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1980 ............................................................................... Billings, Mont., July 1981 ................................................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1980 ................................................................................. Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 ................................................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1980.............................................................. Chicago, 111., May 1980 ..................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1981 ........................................................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 19801.............................................................................. Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980 ................................................................................ Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1981 .......................................................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 19801.............................................................. Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1981 .............................. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980' ................................................................................. Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' ...................................................................... Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1980' ................................................................ Detroit, Mich., Apr. 1981 .................................................................................. Fresno, Calif., June 1981 ................................................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1980*.............................................................................. Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Nov. 1980' ........................................ Green Bay, Wis., July 19811................................................................................ Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 19801........................ Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1981 ....................................................... Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1981 .............................................................................. Houston, Tex., May. 1981 ................................................................................. Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1981 ................................................................................ Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980 .............................................................................. Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................ Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980 ............................................................................. Kansas City, Mo.— Kans., Sept. 1980 ................................................................ Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1980 ................................................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 19801......................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price*  3000-45 3000-62 3010-24 3000-38 3010-25 3000-40 3000-52 3000-44 3010-19 3010-30 300046 300048 3010-22 3000-67 3010- 7 3000-64 3000-33 3000-68 3010-12 3010-27 3000-55 3000-56 3010-26 3000-50 3010-23 3010-21 3010-14 3010- 5 300047 3010- 4 3000-66 300042 3000-63 3000-65  $2.25 $2.00 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.75 $2.75 $3.25 $2.00 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $3.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.00 $1,75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25  Area  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1980....................................................... Miami, Fla., Oct. 1980 ........................................................................................ Milwaukee, Wis., May 1981'.............................................................................. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan.1981'............................................... Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980..................................................................... Newark, N.J., Jan. 1981 .................................................................................... New Orleans, La., Oct. 1980 .............................................................................. New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1980 ..................................................................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1981................. Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 ................................................................... Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1980'..................................................................... Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1980'..................................................•.................... Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980'.................................................. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1980................................................................... Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981.................................................................................. Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980................................................................................ Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1981 ................................................................... Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1981............... Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980'................................. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980........................... Richmond, Va., June 1981 .................................................................................. St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1981......................................................................... Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1980'........................................................................... Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1980 ................................................................................ Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 ......................................................... San Antonio, Tex., May 1981 ............................................................................ San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1980'............................................................................ San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1981' ........... San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1981' .............................................................................. Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1980 ................................................................... South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980.............................................................................. Toledo, Ohio—Mich., June 1981'....................................................................... Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980 .................................................................................... Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1981' ..................................................... Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1981 .................................................................................. Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980'............................................................................ York, Pa., Feb. 1981'..........................................................................................  Bulletin number and price*  3000-59 3000-51 3010-16 3010-1 3000-29 3010- 3 3000-58 3000-24 3010-17 3000-37 300041 3000-57 3000-34 3000-53 3010- 2 3000-61 3010-29 3010-28 3000-39 3000-27 3010-18 3010- 8 3000-70 3000-54 3000-60 3010-15 3000-71 3010-13 3010-10 3000-69 3000-36 3010-20 300043 3010-6 3010-11 3000-25 3010-9  * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ‘ Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $1.75 $2.25 $3.25 $3.75 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2,25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.75 $2.25 $2.00 $2.00 $2.50 $2.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $3.00 $3.00 $1.75 $1.75 $2.75 $1.75 $3.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.75  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Mail Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I 1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass. 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  Region V 9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St, Chicago, III. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312) Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Region II Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York. N Y. 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212) New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Region VI Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas. Tex. 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214) Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  Region III 3535 Market Street, P O Box 13309 Philadelphia, Pa 19101 Phone: 596-1154 ( Area Code 215)  Region IV Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St,, N.E. Atlanta. Ga. 30367 Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Regions VII and VIII Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St., 15th Floor Kansas City, Mo. 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816) VII VIII Iowa Colorado Kansas Montana Missouri North Dakota Nebraska South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Regions IX and X 450 Golden Gate Ave. Box 36017 San Francisco. Calif. 94102 Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415) IX X Arizona Alaska California Idaho Hawaii Oregon Nevada Washington
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102