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Area Wage Survey  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area, January 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3010-2   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Beaver  Allegheny  ittsburgh  Westmoreland  Washington  APR 14  mi  Preface This bulletin provides results of a January 1981 survey of occupational earnings in the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Philadelphia, Pa., under the general direction of Irwin L. Feigenbaum, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission. Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Pittsburgh area are available for steel foundries (September 1979) and gray iron, except pipe and fittings, foundries (September 1979). Listings of union wage rates in Pittsburgh are available for building trades, printing trades, localtransit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. A report on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions for municipal government workers is available for the city of Pittsburgh. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  »^tNT Q>  Area Wage Survey  Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Metropolitan Area, January 1981  U.S. Department of Labor Raymond J. Donovan, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner April 1981 Bulletin 3010-2  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Page  Page introduction..............................................................................  2  A-11.  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers....................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers................................................. A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.................................................................... A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers....................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers................................................ A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................ A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups...................... A- 8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations...................... A- 9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations.......................................................... A-10. Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ....................................  Tables—Continued Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations........................................................... 16  3 6  8 10 11  13 14  Earnings in establishments employing 500 workers or more: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers........................ 17 A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers................................................. 19 A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex..................................................................... 21 A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers....................................... 23 A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ......................................... 24 A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex..................................................................... 25  14  15  16  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey....................................... 27 B. Occupational descriptions........................................... 30 C. Job conversion table..................................................... 41  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary reports are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965. A-series tables  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries. Where possible, occupations with related duties (e.g., accounting clerks and payroll clerks) are clustered to facilitate compari­ son. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are designated numerically instead of alphabetically. A job conversion list is provided in appendix C. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-l 1 provide measures of pay relationships in establish­ ments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-1 through A-6. See appendix A for details. Appendixes  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area survey, the area’s industrial composition in manufacturing, and labor-management agree­ ment coverage. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation. Appendix C is an alphabetic to numeric conversion list for all multilevel jobs in the survey.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  100 and under 110  110  120  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  120  130  140  150  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  Secretaries........................................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  4,566 1,994 2,572 244  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.0  288.00 318.00 265.00 320.00  283.50 318.00 250.00 319.00  334.00 357.00 314.00 365.50  _  -  _ -  -  4 4 -  18 18 -  35 35 -  113 7 106 2  323 18 305 10  388 96 292 7  459 123 336 9  449 127 322 31  427 202 225 19  343 193 150 22  483 246 237 25  477 299 178 26  500 311 189 48  352 290 62 16  163 64 99 19  Secretaries I.................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  453 102 351 25  39.0 38.5 39.0 38.5  244.50 288.00 231.50 247.50  242.00 191.00- 281.50 294.50 268.50- 308.50 215.50 188.00- 273.00 200.00 186.00- 309.50  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  6 6 -  36 36 2  103 7 96 8  48 8 40 5  18 _ 18 2  37 1 36 -  79 23 56 -  43 17 26 1  44 29 15 1  7 3 4 -  24 9 15 4  5 5  2  -  1 1 -  _  -  2 2  Secretaries II................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,518 466 1,052 111  39.0 40.0 38.5 39.5  260.50 302.50 242.00 314.50  237.50 312.00 227.50 301.00  306.50 374.00 267.50 361.00  _  _ -  _  _  -  '-  17 17 -  24 24  50 50 -  185 11 174 2  230 65 165 2  271 69 202 7  163 37 126 24  100 14 86 12  41 12 29 8  150 62 88 5  61 50 11 9  67 36 31 27  109 100 9 3  44 10 34 6  6 6  Secretaries III................................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,439 774 665  39.0 39.5 38.5  294.00 299.00 288.00  295.00 256.50- 326.50 299.00 273.00- 326.50 285.50 236.00- 326.50  _  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  5 5  25 7 18  26 26  84 23 61  82 19 63  177 83 94  155 109 46  205 155 50  216 126 90  305 166 139  71 59 12  30 19 11  50 2 48  7 5 2  Secretaries IV............................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  830 416 414 56  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  320.50 332.00 309.00 363.00  336.50 351.00 306.00 365.00  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  4 4 -  _  -  -  -  -  5 5 -  17 17 -  80 35 45 -  52 1 51 -  77 49 28 4  47 9 38 8  69 29 40 9  81 62 19 1  307 192 115 10  66 32 34 12  19 5 14 11  5 1 4 1  Secretaries V................................ Manufacturing.............................  216 174  39.5 39.5  388.00 397.50  406.00 348.50- 421.00 412.50 379.00- 425.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  .  .  _  -  -  -  ■-  -  -  -  -  -  -  7 5  10 7  5 -  4 -  22 18  31 15  77 72  48 47  7 6  Stenographers.................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  840 303 537 262  39.0 40.0 39.0 38.5  258.00 279.50 246.50 279.00  248.50 199.00- 300.50 280.50 230.00- 320.00 232.00 187.50- 288.00 254.00 219.00- 316.50  _  _  -  _ -  2 2 -  8 8 -  25 25 -  87 10 77 25  103 21 82 13  81 25 56 34  78 34 44 32  89 41 48 41  74 20 54 13  82 40 42 14  69 36 33 30  26 22 4 4  24 24 _ -  52 30 22 22  40  -  40 34  Stenographers I............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  523 202 321 203  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.0  264.00 291.00 247.00 285.00  250.00 188.00- 316.50 289.50 250.00- 324.00 211.50 176.50- 316.50 256.50 207.50- 387.00  2 2 -  8 8 -  14 14 -  74 4 70 25  59 15 44 13  48 7 41 34  45 21 24 22  25 15 10 10  33 15 18 9  38 32 6 6  62 34 28 28  16 16 _ -  19 19 -  46 24 22 22  34 _ 34 34  Stenographers II........................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  317 101 216  39.0 40.0 39.0  249.00 256.50 245.50  248.00 209.50- 277.00 246.00 215.00- 286.00 248.50 199.50- 277.00  _  13 6 7  44 6 38  33 18 15  33 13 20  64 26 38  41 5 36  44 8 36  7 2 5  10 6 4  5 5 -  6 6 -  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Nonmanufacturing......................  214 182  37.5 37.0  204.00 197.50  230.50 230.50  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,184 326 858 48  38.5 39.5 38.0 38.5  183.50 237.00 163.00 282.50  164.50 139.00220.00 190.00150.00 135.00228.50 207.50-  Typists I......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  919 214 705  38.0 39.0 38.0  Typists II................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  265 112 153 27  39.0 40.0 38.0 39.0  230.50272.50210.50269.00-  208.00230.50200.00258.50-  272.00302.00244.50306.00-  357.00 357.00 357.00 409.00  -  _  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  5 4 1 -  2 2  -  -  _ _  _ _  -  -  _ -  1 1 -  _  -  _ _  6  1 1 _  _ _  -  -  4 3  1 1  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ _  _  -  -  6 _ 6  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  11 11  _ -  _  _  -  -  26 26  24 24  4 4  14 14  10 10  15 3  97 91  14 8  1 1  9 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  194.50 277.00 175.50 408.50  _  _  -  -  60 60 -  259 259 -  103 103 -  109 14 95 -  207 52 155 "  168 61 107 9  52 30 22 12  39 29 10 6  51 42 9 3  42 23 19 3  21 19 2 1  17 14 3 -  5 5 _ -  35 35 _ -  4 2 2 2  12 _ 12 12  _  _ _  _  _ -  -  -  174.50 240.00 155.00  159.00 137.00- 190.50 239.00 177.00- 279.50 145.00 133.50- 169.00  _  _  -  -  60 60  246 246  88 88  80 14 66  153 45 108  127 22 105  16 5 11  30 26 4  36 35 1  30 14 16  10 10 -  7 7 -  5 5 -  29 29 -  2 2 -  _ -  _  _  -  -  213.50 231.50 200.50 338.00  194.50 164.50207.00 194.50165.50 152.00396.50 228.50-  _  _  _  -  29 29 -  54 7 47 -  41 39 2 -  36 25 11 5  9 3 6 5  15 7 8 2  12 9 3 -  11 9 2 1  10 7 3 -  6 6  12  -  15 15 -  2  -  13 13 -  _  2 2  156.00- 230.50 148.50- 230.50  243.50 275.50 211.00 445.00  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  25 12 13 10  3  _ _ -  -  _  _  -  ,  _  _  12 12  _  _ _  -  -  _  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Average Occupation and industry division  Of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  100 and under 110  110  120  120  130  180  200 220  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  41  15 4 11  28 19 9  11 9 2  9 9 -  33 33  245 245  41 41  5 4  33 32  8 8  2 2  17 3  10 1  2 2  10 10  47 35  22 22  59 51  13 9  3 1  11 6  6 6  18 18  _  "  2 2  77 77  19 19  10 8  7  -  7 -  44 1 43 -  43 1 42 2  33 6 27 -  80 10 70 22  41 16 25 6  _  _  _  18  36  3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  36  -  “  3 -  47 10 37  -  18 3  32  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  137.00- 170.50 181.00- 279.00 137.00- 168.00  _  _  -  -  -  -  File clerks I............... Nonmanufacturing..  398 369  39.0 39.0  149.00 141.50  137.00 137.00  136.50- 144.50 136.00- 139.00  _  _  -  -  File clerks II.............. Nonmanufacturing..  187 145  39.0 39.0  177.00 168.50  160.50 160.00  144.00- 183.00 145.00- 172.50  _  _  -  -  File clerks III............. Nonmanufacturing..  147 131  39.0 39.0  189.50 169.50  170.50 170.50  170.50- 192.50 170.50- 170.50  _  _  -  -  Messengers.................................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  306 52 254 53  39.5 39.0 39.5 39.0  184.50 207.00 180.00 251.50  165.50 191.00 161.00 189.50  147.50169.50147.00165.50-  188.50 219.50 181.50 414.50  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Switchboard operators................ Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  239 52 187 27  38.5 39.5 38.5 39.0  219.00 281.00 202.00 325.00  180.50 173.50- 261.50 263.50 214.50- 381.50 179.00 147.50- 221.00 321.00 271.50- 392.50  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.............................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  403 163 240  39.0 39.0 39.0  202.00 221.00 189.00  190.00 214.00 182.00  41 -  -  10 5 5  4  _  -  4  -  4 -  _  _  -  1 1  4 -  _  _  -  -  10 6 4 2  11  _  -  -  11 -  -  41 2 39 “  9 2 7 2  7 7 -  8 8 -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  9 4  4 4  _  2 -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 -  1 1  _  _  _  _  _  -  8 -  _  -  5 -  -  -  -  -  2 2  _  1  5  9  _  _  _  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  9 9  -  -  5 5  -  -  1 1  -  -  18 8 10 6  -  -  -  8 2 6 1  16 9 7 2  11 4 7 5  10 3 7 3  9 5 4 “  1  2 1 1 1  28 14 14 12  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  1 1 -  7 7 -  7 3 4  . -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  62 33 29  88 13 75  53 38 15  9 4 5  70 36 34  6 2 4  -  32  53 15 38  1  11 11 -  3  _  3  -  67 29 38  72 8 64  65 43 22  54 29 25  11 11 -  31 5 26  44 44 "  130 28 102  3 3 -  26 26 -  _  -  56 39 17  -  -  -  -  -  . -  3  -  3  95 12 83  3 3  _  3 3  83 83  20 3 17  38 17 21  72 8 64  29 24 5  24 24 -  6 6 -  _  118 16 102  1 1 -  _  _  _  -  23 23 -  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  29 12  30 5  5 5  31 5  21 21  12 12  2 2  26 26  _  -  36 19  _  -  36 36  _  -  12 12  _  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  161 8 153 -  152 9 143 4  122 122 2  353 44 309 10  467 100 367 21  241 88 153 3  235 136 99 6  199 78 121 4  106 25 81 2  53 27 26 13  76 14 62 17  37 29 8 6  47 34 13 10  144 122 22 14  81 49 32 8  10 10 -  9 6 3 3  _  17 17 -  1 1 -  161 8 153 -  152 9 143 4  110 110 2  287 44 243 10  326 76 250 15  118 74 44 1  78 34 44 6  49 13 36 3  24 2 22 2  32 19 13 11  27 13 14 10  13 11 2 2  21 18 3 3  50 45 5 5  29 9 20 6  1 1  _  -  3 3 3  _  _  _  _  _  12  66  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  49 1 48 7  24 18 6 4  26 16 10 7  94 77 17 9  52 40 12 2  -  -  21 8 13 2  -  -  66 -  82 23 59 -  -  -  12 -  150 65 85 1  6 6  -  157 102 55 -  9 9  -  123 14 109 2  _  -  141 24 117 6  -  -  _  _  _  -  1 1 -  36 22 14 -  41 9 32 2  65 13 52 -  59 33 26 -  36 21 15 1  44 37 7 2  19 9 10 5  16 7 9 4  28 27 1 1  11 3 8 4  19 18 1 1  69 11 58 12  10 10  _  "  2 2 -  3  -  1 1 -  -  -  3 3  -  Order clerks................. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  660 277 383  40.0 40.0 40.0  265.00 281.00 254.00  247.50 207.00- 338.50 269.00 218.00- 338.00 239.50 186.00- 362.00  Order clerks I........... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  420 122 298  40.0 40.0 40.0  260.00 280.50 251.50  239.50 186.00- 362.00 276.00 240.50- 335.00 224.50 172.00- 362.00  Order clerks II.... Manufacturing-  240 155  39.5 40.0  274.50 281.00  265.00 210.50- 324.50 249.50 192.00- 343.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  Accounting clerks......................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  2,511 779 1,732 123  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  225.50 279.50 201.50 287.00  199.00 173.00- 251.50 242.50 205.00- 371.00 186.00 160.00- 228.00 296.50 192.00- 363.00  _  17 17 -  Accounting clerks I................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities  1,499 376 1,123 83  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  199.00 247.50 182.50 271.00  181.50 211.00 173.00 273.00  -  Accounting clerks II.................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities  1,012 403 609 40  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.0  265.00 309.50 236.00 319.50  240.00 207.00- 302.50 253.00 233.00- 411.00 220.50 196.50- 263.00 331.00 284.00- 391.50  Payroll clerks................................ Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.  460 220 240 35  39.0 40.0 38.0 39.5  283.50 282.50 284.00 369.00  247.00 264.50 224.00 353.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  180 200 40 4 36  144.50 238.50 141.00  338.00 334.50 421.00 453.00  160  169 9 160  164.50 246.00 153.50  214.00220.00207.00296.50-  140  160 29 1 28  39.0 40.0 39.0  211.50 305.50 190.00 311.00  150  150 88 12 76  732 87 645  153.50186.50144.50186.50-  140  273 273  File clerks..................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  160.00- 241.00 164.00- 245.50 151.50- 204.50  130  4  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly hours' of workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  100 and under 110  140  130  120  140  130  120  110  160  150  12  1  59  -  12-  _1  35  17 17  “ "  12 12  1 ~ 1  59  “ -  " “  -  “  “  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,496 489 1,007 112  39.0 40.0 39.0 39.5  226.50 270.00 205.50 296.00  203.00 176.50- 256.00 259.50 203.50- 357.00 194.00 172.00- 227.00 274.50 242.50- 393.00  17 17  Key entry operators I................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  932 281 651 68  39.0 40.0 39.0 39.5  209.50 262.00 186.50 250.00  184.50 165.50255.00 188.50179.00 162.00255.00 220.50-  223.50 365.00 198.00 281.00  Key entry operators II.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  564 208 356 44  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  255.00 280.50 240.50 367.00  231.00 266.00 227.00 399.00  205.00225.50201.00289.50-  282.00 325.50 250.50 417.50  -  -  35  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  150  5  160 180  180  200  200  220  345 36 309 9  217 53 164 5  186 48 138 5  295 27 268  170 37 133 4  95 26  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  147 44 103 7  109 35 74 17  125  16 5  51 27 24 14  93 90 3 3  58  32 30  11  6  47 16 31  131 39 92  1  1  8  50 3  120  5 3  2  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981  Occupation and industry division  Average weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 140  -  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  Computer systems analysts (business).................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  785 438 347 44  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  479.50 520.00 428.50 404.00  469.50 519.50 438.00 397.50  539.00 584.00 473.00 476.50  -  -  -  -  2 2 -  _ -  _ _ _ -  1 _ 1 -  5 _ 5 1  52 7 45 11  56 25 31 6  72 28 44 10  174 56 118 4  104 66 38 3  124 74 50 8  78 70 8 1  56 53  Computer systems analysts (business) I................................ Manufacturing.............................  153 116  39.5 39.5  413.00 442.50  422.00 349.50- 468.50 447.50 392.50- 482.50  -  -  -  -  2 -  _ -  _ -  1 -  5 -  27 7  22 18  16 12  36 35  24 24  12 12  4 4  3 3  Computer systems analysts (business) II............................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  360 189 171  39.5 40.0 38.5  471.00 523.50 413.00  460.00 406.00- 528.00 525.50 469.50- 584.00 422.50 370.00- 447.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _  25  50 16 34  69 15 54  55 31 24  48 39 9  30 30  25  32 7 25  30  _ -  Computer systems analysts (business) III.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  272 133 139  39.5 39.5 39.0  527.50 583.00 475.00  517.50 446.50- 577.00 569.50 528.50- 621.00 455.50 438.00- 504.00  -  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _  _  _  2  6  _  -  -  -  2  6  25 11 14  64 23 41  44 36 8  13  _  69 6 63  23  _  3  2  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  643 220 423  39.0 39.5 39.0  361.00 371.50 355.50  366.50 317.50- 383.50 366.50 317.00- 424.50 366.00 326.00- 383.50  _  _  _ -  6 4 2  8 3 5  28 7 21  16 8 8  43 11 32  152 57 95  111 26 85  187 45 142  48 35 13  28 15 13  7 6 1  5  -  1 1  1  -  1  4  117 79  39.0 39.0  299.50 304.00  297.50 260.00- 335.50 297.50 263.50- 335.50  -  -  1 1  _  -  1 1  5 2  22 15  15 7  15 14  39 24  15 11  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  262 118 144  39.0 39.5 38.5  354.00 363.00 346.50  352.50 317.00- 391.00 366.50 330.50- 409.50 350.00 306.00- 376.00  -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  5 4 1  2 _ 2  5 _ 5  1  20 10 10  72 29 43  70 20 50  61 39 22  25 15 10  1 1 -  -  Computer programmers (business) III.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  264 64 200  39.5 39.0 39.5  395.00 436.00 382.00  383.50 371.50- 417.50 442.50 415.50- 484.00 383.50 371.50- 383.50  -  -  -  _ _ -  _ -  1 _ 1  1 _ 1  _  41 13 28  26 2 24  122 6 116  23 20 3  27 14 13  7 6 1  1  -  8 _ 8  Computer operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  781 217 564 51  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  273.50 283.00 270.00 344.00  259.00 265.00 259.00 325.00  317.50 312.50 320.00 391.50  _  -  _ -  42 42 -  57 7 50 1  120 35 85 3  101 53 48 -  78 9 69 5  89 20 69 4  41 16 25 1  123 38 85 17  45 10 35 4  33 12 21 5  29 10 19  18 5 13 8  Computer operators I................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  249 70 179  39.0 40.0 39.0  241.00 272.00 229.00  207.50 185.00- 239.50 232.00 203.50- 261.00 203.00 184.00- 229.00  _  _  59 17 42  39 25 14  6 3 3  3 1 2  9 9  7  17 3 14  2  -  48 7 41  7  -  42 42  2  -  Computer operators II.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  313 90 223  39.5 40.0 39.5  268.00 271.50 266.50  254.00 222.00- 281.50 259.50 223.50- 306.00 253.50 222.00- 274.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  9 9  61 18 43  52 24 28  40 3 37  68 11 57  11 6 5  30 18 12  24 7 17  13 1 12  Computer operators III................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  219 57 162  39.5 40.0 39.5  318.00 314.00 319.00  309.00 273.50- 349.00 301.50 279.50- 346.50 310.00 263.50- 349.50  _  .  .  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  10 4 6  32 3 29  18 8 10  23 10 13  76 17 59  19 3 16  20 11 9  1  -  Drafters.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  3,132 1,495 1,637  40.0 40.0 40.0  369.50 383.00 357.00  378.50 291.50- 444.00 393.50 317.50- 456.00 370.00 273.50- 440.00  18 18  1 1  44 12 32  50 2 48  64 10 54  136 35 101  153 73 80  180 89 91  186 87 99  297 138 159  453 237 216  494 250 244  412 237 175  449 250 199  165 75 90  18  Drafters I.......................................  71  39.5  211.50  214.00  18  -  12  2  9  13  5  1  2  3  4  2  -  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business) I................................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Computer programmers (business) II............................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  423.50454.50382.50335.00-  214.00228.00211.00285.00-  153.50- 232.00  -  _  -  6  _  1  _  _  _  33  1 1  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  1  5 1 4  -  -  -  5 2 3 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  17 5 12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  5 2 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  20 1 19  1 -  -  -  -  -  -  18  12 12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry  Average Number weekly hours1 of workers (standard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and 140  140  160  180  200  160  180  200  220  220 _ 240  240 260  260 280  300 340  280 300  340 380  380 420  500 540  460 500  420 460  540 580  580 620  660 700  620 660  740 780  700 740  -  1 1  9 9  36 36  19 1 18  55 11 44  77 29 48  62 13 49  34 15 19  29 9j 20  1 1 ■  9 9 ■  17 17 '  ■  -  -  -  “  -  -  “  371.50 377.50 361.00 401.50  _ -  _ ~  23 23 “  12 12 ~  12 4 8 —  15 15 1  57 42 15 ”  55 40 15 5  80 17 63 ■  113 52 61 3  178 85 93 9  71 20 51 24  54 48 6  9 9 -  “  ■  -  -  -  -  “ ”  379.00 398.00 359.00  380.00 324.00- 418.50 402.50 336.00- 460.50 374.00 320.00- 400.00  _ -  _ -  _ . -  -  24 24  14 14  13 13  38 14 24  60 45 15  140 73 67  185 71 114  259 117 142  84 39 45  114 92 22  43 43 '  ”  ■  ■  -  -  -  40.0 40.0  443.00 430.00  454.00 414.00- 472.50 435.00 400.50- 468.50  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  -  18 -  1 -  3 “  10 8  12 4  85 76  153 102  257 133  326 149  122 32  18 -  12 *  '  '  '  “  294 145 149 90  39.5 39.0 40.0 39.5  419.50 418.00 421.00 441.50  428.00 439.50 428.00 449.00  392.50390.00394.00408.00-  459.00 455.00 470.00 473.00  _ -  _ -  "  “  1 1 ~  1 1  1 1  16 6 10 3  22 10 12 4  57 31 26 17  98 51 47 30  35 13 22 16  25 6 19 18  -  -  ”  “  “  ~  22 18 4 '  12 10 2  -  4 4 2  Electronics technicians II............. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  102 58  40.0 40.0  413.50 428.50  408.50 364.50- 441.00 416.00 355.00- 523.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8 7  4 -  17 8  30 17  23 6  4 4  6 6  10 10  -  -  -  “  ~  30  39.5  412.50  422.00 394.00- 424.00  "  ”  ■  ■  7  ■  ■  Electronics technicians III............. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  124 88 54  40.0 40.0 39.5  455.50 460.50 472.50  458.00 428.00- 487.50 458.50 428.00- 499.00 470.00 458.00- 508.00  --  “  -  ~  “  ~  ~  '  ■  ■  2 2 1  27 13 5  43 30 14  31 22 16  19 19  2 2  “  -  t  ”  ~  Registered industrial nurses............ Manufacturing.............................  226 199  40.0 40.0  369.00 370.00  378.50 333.00- 402.00 383.00 338.00- 402.00  -  -  -  2 “  8 7  -  5 4  4 4  7 5  37 32  51 45  62 59  41 37  6 4  2 2  1  "  -  -  -  Drafters II...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  349 105 244  40.0 40.0 39.5  258.50 302.00 240.00  248.00 220.00- 280.00 277.00 240.00- 374.50 240.00 200.00- 270.00  Drafters III..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  679 317 362 42  40.0 40.0 39.5 38.0  325.50 343.50 310.00 370.00  330.00 344.50 320.00 401.50  Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  974 494 480  40.0 40.0 40.0  Manufacturing.............................  1,017 504  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  279.50277.50280.00355.50-  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  i____  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Office occupations men 118 97 26 370 142  39.5 39.0 39.0 40.0 40.0  204.50 202.50 315.00 309.50 325.50  218  40.0  310.00  152 89  39.5 40.0  308.50 333.50  Manufacturing......................................................  233 158  39.5 40.0  345.00 377.50  Manufacturing......................................................  98 59  40.0 40.0  285.00 315.00  99  40.0  414.50  61  40.0  380.00  Accounting clerks II: Payroll clerks............................................................. Office occupations women Secretaries................................................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Secretaries I.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Transportation and utilities.............................. Secretaries II......................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  Secretaries III........................................................ Manufacturing......................................................  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.0 39.0 38.5 39.0 38.5  244.00 288.00 231.50 247.50  1,517 466 1,051 110  39.0 40.0 38.5 39.5  260.50 302.50 241.50 314.00  1,439 774 665  39.0 39.5 38.5  294.00 299.00 288.00  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  521 201 320 202  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.0  264.00 291.00 247.00 285.50  316  39.0  249.00  216  39.0  245.50  210  37.5  203.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Accounting clerks II.............................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................... Transportation and utilities..............................  858 48  38.0 38.5  163.00 282.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  917 212 705  38.0 39.0 38.0  174.50 239.50 155.00  Typists II.................................................................  265  39.0  213.50  153 27  38.0 39.0  200.50 338.00  689 75 614  39.0 40.0 39.0  162.50 244.00 152.50  384 358  39.0 39.0  148.00 141.00  164 130  39.0 39.0  173.50 167.50  141 126  39.0 39.0  188.50 169.00  188 157 27  39.0 39.5 38.5  171.50 166.00 190.50  235  38.5  219 00  183  38.5  201.50  288.50 318.00 265.50 319.50  452 102 350 25  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  1,182  File clerks.................................................................. 4,518 1,994 2,524 242  Number of workers  Average (mean2)  Stenographers...........................................................  413 55  39.5 39.5 39.5  332.00 308.50 361.50  216 174  39.5 39.5  388.00 397.50  837 301 536 261  39.0 40.0 39.0 38.5  258.50 279.50 246.50 279.50  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  8  400 163 237  39.0 39.0 39.0  202.00 221.00 189.50  290 135 155  40.0 40.0 40.0  208.50 233.50 187.00  202 69 133  40.0 40.0 40.0  205 50  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  2,238 621 1,617 99  39.5 40 0 39 5 39.5  213 50 254 50 197 50 269.50  1,390 317 1,073 69  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  192.50 234.50 180.00 257.50  848 304 544 30  39.5 40.0 39.5 38.5  247.50 275 00 232.00 296.50  393 177 216  39.0 40.0 38.0  269.00 257.00 278.50  468 977 102  39.0 40.0 39 0 39.5  225.00 268.50 204.00 287.50  913 273 640 66  39.0 40.0 39.0 39.5  209.50 264.00 186.50 250.50  532 195  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  251.50 275.50 237.50 356.00  395 286 28  40.0 39.0  488.50 526.50 435.50  100  39.5 40.0  425.50 442.00  309 165 144  39.5 40.0 38.5  476.00 532.00 412.00  255 130 125  39.5 39.0  532.00 584.50 477.00  492 170 322  39.5 39.5 39.5  368.00 381.50 361.50  68  39.0  302.00  36 Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business) II....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  Transportation and utilities..............................  Number of workers  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers 179.50  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business) II.......................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  Number of workers  184 89 95  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  39.0 39.5 39.0  356.50 363.00 350.50  Computer programmers (business) III......................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  240 59 181  39.5 39.0 39.5  396.00 439.50 381.50  Computer operators.................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.  535 141 394 26  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  285.00 296.50 281.00 350.00 248.00 277.50 232.00  Computer operators I.............. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  158 55 103  39.5 40.0 39.0  Computer operators II............. Nonmanufacturing..................  192 152  39.5 39.5  279.00 273.50  Computer operators III Nonmanufacturing.....  185 139  39.5 39.5  324.00 326.00  1,411 1,477  40.0 40.0 40.0  378.00 388.00 368.50  Drafters II......... Manufacturing.  290 81  40.0 40.0  259.00 319.50  Drafters III................................ Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.  592 295  40.0 40.0  332.00 344.00  41  38.0  372.50  Drafters....................... Manufacturing....... Nonmanufacturing.  2,888  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Drafters IV................................ Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................  920 470 450  40.0 40.0 40.0  383.50 402.00 364.00  Drafters V................................. Manufacturing.................... .  1,012 501  40.0 40.0  443.50 430.00  Electronics technicians.............. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. Transportation and utilities.  294 145 149 90  39.5 39.0 40.0 39.5  419.50 418.00 421.00 441.50  Electronics technicians II........ Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.  102  58  40.0 40.0  413.50 428.50  30  39.5  412.50  Electronics technicians III....... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.  124  40.0 40.0 39.5  455.50 460.50 472.50  88  54  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts (business)........................ Nonmanufacturing.......... Computer systems analysts (business) II..................... Computer programmers (business) Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  9  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business) II............... Computer operators.................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  78  38.5  347.50  246 76 170 25  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.0  247.50 257.00 243.50 337.50  39.0 39.0  229.50 225.50  Computer operators I Nonmanufacturing....  91 76  Computer operators II Manufacturing........... Nonmanufacturing....  121  50 71  39.5 40.0 39.5  251.00 250.00 251.50  244 84 160  40.0 40.0 39.5  266.50 295.50 251.00  Drafters II  59  39.5  256.00  Drafters...................... Manufacturing....... Nonmanufacturing.  104 61  39.0 38.5  421.00 393.50  Drafters III............... Nonmanufacturing.  87 65  51  39.0  440.00  Drafters IV.  54  40.0  301.00  151 50 101  39.0 39.5 38.5  337.00 338.00 336.50  216 189  40.0 40.0  367.50 368.50  Registered industrial nurses. Manufacturing.................  40.0 40.0  280.50 262.00  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 5.60 and under 5.80  5.80  6.00  6.20  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  11.60  12.00  12.40  12.80  13.20  6.00  6.20  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40 10.80  11.20  11.60 12.00  12.40  12.80  13.20  13.60  13.60 and over  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  504 383 121  10.68 10.73 10.55  10.92 9.87-11.33 11.16 10.44-11.33 10.53 9.47-10.80  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  16 14 2  3 2 1  2 1 1  27 25 2  1 _ 1  16 4 12  60 29 31  4 _ 4  19 15 4  79 56 23  78 67 11  100 97 3  31 31 -  42 42 -  4 _ 4  8  12  -  _  _  _  8  12  2  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,715 1,574 141 83  10.94 10.97 10.57 10.56  11.59 11.67 10.61 10.61  10.10-12.02 10.32-12.02 9.81-11.20 9.87-10.80  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  74 73 1 -  14 14 -  33 33 -  50 48 2 -  57 56 1 1  39 22 17 1  69 61 8 2  83 63 20 20  39 26 13 10  85 74 11 11  265 233 32 19  74 50 24 19  383 381 2 -  245 243 2 -  181 181 _ -  16 16 _ -  _ _ -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  203 140 63  10.19 10.46 9.59  10.40 9.44-11.10 10.88 9.52-11.10 9.44 9.44- 9.94  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ -  4 2 2  5 4 1  12  15 15 -  37 11 26  10 1 9  11 _ 11  27 27 -  63 63 -  2 2 -  1 1 -  10 10 -  _  _  _  8  . _ -  -  -  -  4 _ 4  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,443 1,384 59 25  11.21 11.27 9.88 9.96  11.92 11.98 9.66 10.08  11.16-12.32 11.16-12.36 9.66-10.34 8.96-10.80  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  165 165 -  30 30 -  _ -  5 4 1 -  18 9 9 9  13 11 2 -  31 2 29 2  5 2 3 3  17 14 3 1  258 248 10 10  46 46 _ -  190 190 _ -  604 602 2 -  61 61 _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,899 1,827 72  10.71 10.78 9.07  10.93 9.22-12.01 10.93 9.55-12.01 8.74 8.74- 9.22  -  -  -  -  -  -  79 79 -  79 73 6  201 201 -  37 37  70 60 10  67 61 6  24 22 2  55 47 8  207 207 -  255 255 -  92 90 2  151 150 1  236 236 -  203 203 -  122 122 -  21 21 -  _ _ -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  697 359 338 298  11.07 11.29 10.84 11.10  11.56 11.56 12.18 12.18  10.10-12.18 10.90-12.31 9.20-12.18 9.88-12.18  -  -  -  -  -  8 7 1 1  9 9 2  22 15 7 -  8 1 7 1  40 40 37  21 3 18 18  18 1 17 8  20 6 14 13  50 26 24 24  16 5 11 11  117 110 7 1  29 29 -  68 60 8 8  185 36 149 149  60 58 2 2  25 2 23 23  _ _ _ -  1 _ 1 -  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  1,073 1,031  10.88 10.92  11.37 10.78-11.68 11.37 10.85-11.73  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  66 66  _ -  _  -  -  49 46  2 -  32 16  28 27  10 4  30 30  68 57  141 140  353 351  157 157  85 85  46 46  6 6  -  -  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  94 65  10.02 10.16  10.02 9.09-10.93 10.32 9.09-11.45  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  13 5  -  14 8  6 -  12 12  15 14  .  -  13 6  _  -  14 14  2 2  -  1 1  1 1  -  Maintenance trades helpers........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,174 1,110 64 60  10.20 10.30 8.57 8.71  10.24 10.26 8.03 8.69  9.95-10.59 10.12-10.59 7.54- 8.99 7.78- 8.99  _ -  1 1 -  1 1 “  _ -  1 1  _ -  21 21 21  28 28 -  188 188 -  352 352 -  344 344 -  133 133 -  18 18 -  29 20 9 9  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  367 367  10.40 10.40  10.32 9.74-10.77 10.32 9.74-10.77  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  10 10  33 33  83 83  93 93  _  -  25 25  _ -  _ -  23 23  35 35  -  2 2  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing.............................  482 482  10.65 10.65  11.16 8.65-12.56 11.16 8.65-12.56  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  408 192 216  10.35 10.70 10.04  10.16 9.42-11.45 11.08 9.27-11.91 10.09 9.42-10.98  _ -  _ -  Boiler tenders................................... Manufacturing............................. See footnotes at end of tables.  120 110  9.69 9.74  9.59 9.19-10.40 10.37 9.08-10.40  3 3  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  _  8 8 -  _  -  2 2  -  1 -  5 5 4  9 9 9  41 26 15 15  3 1 2 2  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  62 62  _  _ -  36 36  10 10  _  2 2  107 107  _  _  _  -  "  -  -  29 29  36 36  54 54  8 8  3 3  61 61  117 117  19 19  -  -  _  6 6 -  23 12 11  33 3 30  11 11 -  66 21 45  1 1 -  78 18 60  22 13 9  34 26 8  55 4 51  37 37 -  25 24 1  16 16 -  _ -  _  -  _ -  2 2  17 17  _ -  16 6  26 26  .  23 23  20 20  5 5  8 8  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  _  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  2  -  10  -  -  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Truckdrivers.................................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing................... Transportation and utilities..  Number of workers  4,437 1,456 2,981 1,737  Middle range2  Mean2  9.91 10.96 9.39 10.23  9.89 12.22 8.74 11.49  7.90-11.98 10.14-12.22 7.89-11.98 7.89-11.98  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.30 and under 3.40  3.80  3.40 3.80  -  24 24 -  23 23 -  “  6.20  5.80  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  2 2  _  2 2  21 21  14 14  20 14 6  25 14 11  7.63 7.58 7.85  -  _  _  -  -  “  82 58 3  74 48 -  200 200 -  19 15 15  30 30 30  77 77 2  56 24 24  59 -  20 -  3 3 3  -  -  2 2 -  1 1  1 1  _  4 1 3  1 _ 1 -  _ _ -  95 24 71 55  _ _ -  7 7 -  9 9 -  11 11 -  2 2 -  113 8 105 105  _ -  50 12 38 2  28 _ 28 -  34 34 34  7 7 _ -  45 4 41 "  2 2 -  23 23 -  129 10 119 -  20 20 -  278 56 222 222  _ -  -  _  327 267 60  _  -  -  7.35 6.45- 8.39 7.10 6.45- 8.70 7.51 6.95- 7.58  Shippers....................................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  _  -  -  -  -  -  8.32-12.08 6.81-11.94 9.47-12.08 11.98-12.08  1786 910 876 868 364 364 356  _  -  10.68 9.93 10.93 12.08  101 22 79 79 -  _  -  10.24 9.35 10.64 11.59  160 41 119 _ -  _  “  722 222 500 258  -  97 97 3 -  _  -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer...... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.  1  164 121 43 43 10 -  _  _ -  9.00-11.98 6.09-10.33 9.00-11.98 9.00-11.98  166 8 158 42 30 28 28  24 24 -  _ -  10.01 9.35 11.98 11.98  136 35 101 85 _ -  _  ~  10.12 8.98 10.67 10.96  129 7 122 64 68 68 10  1  -  271 88 183 160  552 _ 552 4 319 319 -  _  -  -  Truckdrivers, heavy truck......... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities.  -  415 39 376 289 287 287 287  _  -  8.20 7.89- 9.40 8.20 7.89- 9.05 9.06 9.02-10.09  373 25 348 186 194 194 183  _ -  -  “  8.47 8.11 9.36  80 80 77 77 77 77  -  -  “  671 506 77  94 92 2 1 1 -  .  -  -  Truckdrivers, medium truck...... Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  -  12.60 and over  -  34 34 -  -  -  _  10.60  1.80 12.60  _  17 17 -  -  8.55 7.77-11.45 8.55 7.89-11.98 7.89 7.77-11.98  1.00  11.00  _  1 1 -  “  8.85 8.90 9.39  10.60  -  24 24 -  23 23 -  1,454 1,411 941  10.20  9.80  9.40  11.80  10.20  -  29 1 -  41 -  9.00  9.80  2 2 -  35 33 2 -  _  9.40  9.00  8.60  8.60  8.20  7.80  7.40  8.20  7.80  7.40  7.00  7.00  6.60  35 35 -  41  24 24 -  Truckdrivers, light truck............ Nonmanufacturing.................. Transportation and utilities..  6.60  6.20  5.80  5.40  5.40  5.00  4.60  4.20  5.00  4.60  4.20  24 24 _  -  _  -  -  88 88 -  “  18 18  68 64 4  29 29 -  22 1 21  48 47 1  59 42 17  3 1 2  15 15 -  24 24 -  5 4 1  4 4  19 19 -  16 16 -  9 5 4  -  4 4  -  14 14 "  3 3  21 1 20  74 8 66  3 3 -  21 4 17  2 1 1  35 8 27  7 7 -  9 9 -  20 14 6  5 5 -  16 16 -  _  -  10 10 -  5 5  -  7 6 1  4 4  2 2  24 8 16  14 14  11 11  24 4 20  1 1  11 10 1  8 8  _  9 9 -  17 16 1  _  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  3 3  67 66 1  34 34 -  7 7  _ -  105 105  1 1  558 99 459  120 _ 120  29 4 25  6 6 -  32 16 16  7 6 1  18 18  _ -  10 10 -  44 44  -  111 111  _  6 6 -  _ -  -  104 104  -  79 79  _  _  -  “  -  65 65 -  147 103 44 44  232 96 136 136  _  Receivers..................................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  327 128 199  7.14 7.94 6.63  6.95 5.42- 8.22 8.30 5.45- 9.76 6.95 5.21- 7.51  Shippers and receivers................ Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  134 53 81  7.66 8.38 7.18  7.51 6.51- 8.62 8.33 6.51- 9.89 7.08 6.35- 7.51  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  Warehousemen........................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  1,058 241 817  8.00 7.42 8.18  7.97 7.87- 8.33 7.87 5.64- 7.97 7.97 7.93- 8.50  -  -  -  -  17  -  -  -  -  _  Order fillers.................................. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................  591 100 491  7.96 5.67 8.43  7.49 6.01- 9.75 6.01 4.07- 6.01 7.68 6.95- 9.75  _  24 24 "  8 8 -  _  .  _ -  58 8 50  8 8  103 42 61  2 2  64 64  6 6 -  61 61  -  34 4 30  2 2 -  _  -  Shipping packers..................1..... Manufacturing.......................  338 283  7.40 7.67  7.32 6.01- 9.54 7.32 6.01-10.25  _  24 24  -  -  26 4  75 75  _  -  1 1  -  6 6  _  -  34 34  _  -  90 57  _  -  3 3  _  _  Material handling laborers.......... Manufacturing....................... Nonmanufacturing................. Transportation and utilities  1,345 730 615 260  8.75 9.20 8.22 10.83  7.32-11.14 7.32-11.14 6.16-11.43 9.23-12.01  _  14  2 -  14 -  2 -  19 4 15 -  36 4 32 -  105 22 83 -  1 1  266 255 11 10  81 30 51 2  67 67 7  39 1 38 38  54 48 6 6  37 20 17 10  46 46  -  54 54 -  7  -  12 4 8 “  29  -  -  32 32 -  Forklift operators........................ Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................  1,579 1,459 120  8.91 8.88 9.33  9.55 7.32-10.49 9.71 6.88-10.49 9.55 8.14- 9.55  66 66  135 135 -  _  2 2  175 175 -  24 24 "  95 65 30  18 18 “  244 224 20  4 4 -  182 135 47  71 71  271 271  195 195 “  24 24  51 28 23  22 22  Power-truck operators (other than forklift)................... Manufacturing.......................  785 771  10.52 10.54  10.69 9.89-11.72 10.81 9.89-11.72  14 14  -  28 28  58 58  45 34  236 236  4 4  18 18  362 362  1 1  16 16  8.00 9.10 8.00 11.98  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  “  “  -  _  _  -  -  17  _  29 _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  -  -  _  7 7  3  -  -  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  3.30 and under 3.40  Guards.......................................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................  3,820 556 3,264  4.37 8.57 3.65  3.35 3.3.5- 3.85 9.07 7.28- 9.89 3.35 3.35- 3.45  2013 16 1997  Guards I.................................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................  3,625 540 3,085  4.30 8.58 3.55  3.35 3.35- 3.60 9.11 7.19- 9.89 3.35 3.35- 3.45  2013 16 1997  Guards II.................................. Nonmanufacturing.................  195 179  5.64 5.40  4.50 4.18- 7.75 4.50 4.00- 7.18  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. Transportation and utilities.  6,289 1,780 4,509 285  5.69 8.44 4.61 7.32  5.24 9.10 4.00 6.92  3.507.533.506.33-  7.33 9.23 6.19 8.60  669 4 665  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.80  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  11.80  12.60  798  146  104  12  798  61 40  146  104  12  21  798  97  40  3  798  97  40  3  49 49  64 64  317 9 308  12  6  1474  389  127  1  1  2  8  1494 20  401  73 56 17  41 26 15  64 38 26  111  59 40 19  57 56  34 26  25  114  22  111  1  8  3  3  9 9  2 2  16 16  7 7  7 7  39 23  133  1003 89 914  165 79  151  184 162  105 105  86  12  80  83 15  154 126 28 28  234 28  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  68  22  14  114  152 152  3  145 92 53 53  534 526 8 8  152 152  159 152 7  231 231  12.60 and over  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean1) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Maintenance electricians  ..................................................  Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Transportation and utilities ......................................  504 383 121  10.68 10.73 10.55  1,715 1,574 141 83  10.94 10.97 10.57 10.56  203 140 63  10.19 10.46 9.59  1,443 1,384 59 25  11.21 11.27 9.88 9.96  Maintenance mechanics  Maintenance trades helpers.................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Manufacturing...................................................................  T  . . -• -  Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Transportation and utilities........................................... .  ,  11.07 11.29 10.84 11.10  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.................................................  1 073  10.80 10 92  Shippers................................................................................. Manufacturing...................................................................  94 65  10.02 10.16  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  120 110  9.69 9.74  4,353 1 454 2^899 1,655  9.94 10.96 9.43 10.34  1,372 1,329 859  8.90 8.96 9.53  671 506 77  8.47 8.11 9.36  88 183 160  8.98 10.67 10.96  722 222 500 258  10.24 9.35 10.64 11.59  297 238 59  7.65 7.60 7.86  310 122 188  7.21 7.95 6.74  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  145  8.76  1,201 647 554 260  9.01 9.44 8.51 10.83  1,575 1,455 120  8.91 8.88 9.33  785 771  10.52 10.54  3,410 531 2,879  4.40 8.53 3.64  515 2,727  4.33 8.53 3.53  168 152  5.76 5.48  3,887 1,454 2,433 200  6.27 8.67 4.83 7.75  Power-truck operators  Pi iarH« Hi  Guards II..............................................................................  occupations - women 92  5.40  193 171  6.39 6.42  408  4.12  383  4.07  2,380 326 2,054  4.76 7.41 4.34  Shippers and receivers: 53  8.38 8.00 7.43 8.17 8.43 8.55  361 361  10.41 10.41  978 221 757  482 482  10.65 10.65  499 466  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10.35 10.70 10.03  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Nonmanufacturing.............................................................  697 359 338 298  10.21 10.30 8.64 8.71  406 192 214  ,  10.72 10.78 9.10  1,171 1,109 62 60  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  1,893 1,827 66 Maintenance mechanics  Maintenance sheet-metal workers........................................ Manufacturing...................................................................  Boiler tenders.........................................................................  Number of workers  13  Nonmanufacturing.............................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Pittsburgh, Pa., selected periods All industries Period*  Indexes (January 1977=100): January 1980..................................................................................................... January 1981..................................................................................................... Percent Increases: January 1972 to January 1973......................................................................... January 1973 to January 1974......................................................................... January 1974 to January 1975......................................................................... January 1975 to January 1976......................................................................... January 1976 to January 1977......................................................................... January 1977 to January 1978......................................................................... January 1978 to January 1979......................................................................... January 1979 to January 1980 ........................................................................ January 1980 to January 1981......................................................................... See footnotes at end of tables.  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  127.8 140.3 6.7 5.9 11.1 9.7 8.0 7.7 8.4 9.5 9.8  Manufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  127.3 137.0  132.5 147.1  132.9 147.1  <*) o 11.3 6.7 8.4 7.8 8.2 9.2 7.6  7.3 6.9 13.1 9.5 8.7 10.2 8.6 10.7 11.0  6.3 7.5 13.7 9.3 8.0 11.2 8.4 10.3 10.7  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  130.3 146.2  131.2 145.4  6.8 7.2 11.3 9.2 8.1 9.7 8.5 9.5 12.2  6.9 5.8 12.7 10.0 8.5 8.4 9.6 10.4 10.8  Nonmanufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  129.0 136.9  133.3 148.1  133.7 148.1  135.6 153.1  125.0 136.4  126.7 138.5  («) (6)  126.3  c) c) 12.0 5.7 10.4 7.9 8.1 10.6 6.1  7.4 6.9 13.5 9.6 8.5 10.2 9.1 10.9 11.1  5.9 7.6 14.4 9.4 8.0 11.6 8.4 10.5 10.8  6.0 7.9 14.5 10.3 8.8 11.1 8.9 12.1 12.9  6.3 6.0 9.3 9.4 7.5 7.0 7.4 8.8 9.1  (6) (6) 10.1 8.3 6.0 7.6 9.3 7.7 9.3  (6) (s) (6) («) («) (6) («) o <*>  8.3 6.2 6.6 7.9  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  7A  8.6 8.1 7.6 11.7  Table A-8. Pay relationships in establishments with paired office clerical occupations, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Secretaries I  II  III  IV  V  Tran­ Stenographers scrib­ ing ma­ I II chine typists  Secretaries I............... 100 90 84 73 60 116 Secretaries ll.............. 100 111 86 75 70 115 Secretaries III............. 100 119 116 88 75 131 Secretaries IV............. 100 136 133 113 84 143 Secretaries V............ 100 165 143 134 119 151 Stenographers I............ 100 86 87 76 70 66 Stenographers II.......... 85 68 114 (*i o 88 Transcribing-machine typists ................................................................................... 88 67 59 ci <■> 76 0 Typists I........................ 76 67 59 61 90 Typists II....................... 79 59 86 82 70 99 File clerks I.................. 75 72 64 54 87 c) File clerks II.................. 83 83 66 58 65 94 File clerks III................ 87 74 69 72 107 o Messengers................. 76 47 91 77 69 64 Switchboard operators 101 95 85 74 74 108 Switchboard operatorreceptionists............. 97 95 65 60 116 75 Order clerks I............... 88 101 78 63 111 83 Order clerks II............... 87 o Cl 110 84 o Accounting clerks I 98 93 80 68 67 108 Accounting clerks II..... 108 110 82 78 125 92 Payroll clerks.............. 116 106 95 87 71 119 Key entry operators I 90 87 68 76 65 97 Key entry operators II 105 97 72 67 110 87 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings in establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the table stub are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the column heading at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, reading across the Secretaries II row, the 111 in the Secretaries I column indicates that Secretaries II average 111 percent of (or 11 percent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  0  114 118 147  cl 88 100 (*)  I  120 120 153 172 153 106  o 114 134 146 139 93 ci ci 95 (8) o 92 100 79 109  129 132 145 157 211 110 135 120 103 114 94 107 126 100 117  99 105 117 135 136 93 112 98 81 101 79 80 92 85 100  103 105 133 154 168 86 108 105 88 90 72 87 94 84 105  113 111 139 115 106 c> 126 C) C) n o Cl C) C) (•) 111 101o 104 114 108 136 116 131 122 170 135 117 109 131 130 145 c> ci 90 107 97 115 107 97 110 126 109 144 125 118 more than) the earnings of Secretaries I. c See aPPendlx A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  119 124 171 118 139 133 115 123  96 109 C) 102 115 112 93 101  100  82  121 137 91 115 114 85 110  129 70 89 92 72 98  o  <•> 113 150 169 C) e> 100  93  96  14  II  Switch­ Switch­ board MesOrder clerks board opera­ senopera­ tor gers tors -recep­ I II tionists  III  89 (8) ci 93 C) 83 102  o 95 114 108 83 102  I  File clerks II  77 91 c) o C) 74 89 e>  Typists  c)  131 131 150 170 165 112 131 112 100  (8) c> 107 105 97 123  117 122 126 143 170 101 110 e> (8) 100  c> 94 o  87 99  133 139 156 184  o  114 c> C) C) (1  C)  100  107 94 107 89  112 C) 107 126  109 94 126  100  113 99 121 129 159 90  (8)  100  110 143 119  84 82 77 76 89  87 112 122 78  128 116 97 101  88 109 130 86 99  (8) (8)  c> ei C) C) C) 58 <■>  73 77  100  100  101 77 87  Key entry operators I  86 94 105 115 141 84 92 92 76 77  79 C) (*)  100  II 92 91 109 122 128 80 87 86 76 82 59 74 86 72 87  (8)  81 92  I  Payroll clerks  102 108 125 147 150 92 105 97 88 93 74 90 99 84 98  (8) (8) 91 120 114  (6)  (6) (*)  Accounting clerks  (8)  69 (8)  75 89  100  85 92  II  111 115 132 154 146 103 121 111 93 103 87 94 104 87 107  95 103 115 138 149 91 98 91 79 92 70 80 85 81 99  118 139 131 103 130 118 100  91 102 112 99 115 109 81  124  100  Table A-9. Pay relationships in establishments with paired professional and technical occupations, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Computer systems analysts (business)  Occupation for which earnings are compared I  II  Computer systems analysts 85 (business) I................................................................................................................. 100 Computer systems analysts 100 (business) II................................................................................................................ 118 Computer systems analysts 117 (business) III............................................................................................................... 138 Computer programmers 79 67 (business) I................................................................................................................ Computer programmers 87 76 (business) II................................................................................................................ Computer programmers 101 91 (business) III............................................................................................................... 72 57 Computer operators I.................................................................................................... 69 59 Computer operators II .................................................................................................. 87 72 Computer operators III.................................................................................................. c) 59 Drafters I ....................................................................................................................... <•> 63 Drafters II....................................................................................................................... 88 76 Drafters III...................................................................................................................... 100 85 Drafters IV..................................................................................................................... 121 99 Drafters V....................................................................................................................... 90 Electronics technicians II.............................................................................................. 125 111 88 Electronics technicians III............................................................................................. 81 69 Registered industrial nurses......................................................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers (busi­ ness)  Computer operators  Drafters  Electronics techni­ Regis­ cians tered in­ dustrial II III nurses  III  I  II  III  I  II  III  I  II  III  IV  V  72  127  114  99  139  146  116  o  0  113  100  83  80  90  123 145  86  150  132  110  177  169  139  169  158  131  118  101  111  113  100  172  148  122  206  186  156  243  c)  152  139  130  134  139  159  58  100  88  77  136  115  91  c)  108  90  76  71  87  <•)  101  68  114  100  83  156  128  107  178  130  105  93  87  97  91  114  82 49 54 64 41  129 73 87 110  100  172 100  100  124 68 83  <■) 113  121  100  140 100  92 111 132 U1 115  71 84 98 115 129 106 108 93  100  136 82 93 102 71 79  126 147 184 145 131 108  100  115 70 77 87 63 68 83  120 142 110 115 92  123 57 74 78 53 54 71 83  142 80 79 94  0  145 91 104 119 84  o  58 68 81  148 83  o  120 64 78 94 56 77 95 108 114 103 110 88  120 96 99 83  100  139 83 91 107 82 93 108 121 137 119 115  87  100  66 72 77 75 72 63  0  0  99  15  0  69 74 87 81 71 o  72  121 147 89 110 122 142 174 124 140 120  96 107 129 135 126 144 110  M  118 141 158 188 o  148 122  100  100  86 93 73  0  69 91 104 116 100  114 84  72 69 93 68 77 87 101 108 87  Table A-10.Pay relationships in establishments with paired maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Occupation for which earnings are compared  Mechanics Carpenters  Electricians  Painters  Machinists  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal workers  Trades helpers  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  112 115 109 117  97 104 95 103  94 99 92 100  101 104 100 104  106 111 103 113  Machinery  Motor vehicles 98 103 96 106  99 103 97 105  98 100 96 102  100  97  103 98 106  100  94 102  100  95 98 92  109  100  98 101 95 104  102  99  105  96  100  101  101  101  112  101  99  101  111  95 96 98 85 97 100 96 88  99 99 99 89 99 101 99 90  100  101  99 101 90 105 104 100 93  100  99 96  112 111 (6) 100  96 101 100 91  110 109 113 105  96 96 91 92 96  104 94 90  100 101 105 88 106 105 100  107 108 110 95 111 120 106  94  100  102 106  Maintenance mechanics Maintenance mechanics 104 97 103 103 101 97 104 102 100 91 90 87 105 103 96 109 106 101 100 99 96 90 97 95 Boiler tenders..................................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  100  104 90 99 104 99 93  (*) 100 110 95 91  100  100  95 84  Table A-11.Pay relationships in establishments with paired material movement and custodial occupations, Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Occupation for which average earnings equal 100 Truckdrivers  Occupation for which earnings are compared Light truck 100 (•)  103 (8)  94 90 C) (s) (*) (#>  97 122  Medium truck (*) 100 (*)  102 97 86 96 88 93  Heavy truck  Tractortrailer  97  (6)  (6) 100  98 94  107 83 100  100  (6)  (6)  84 82  106 104 120 119 100  96 100  97 100  89 91  102 98 114 99 97 102 107  (e)  90  96  (6) (6)  (6) (*)  Power-truck operators  Receivers  Shippers Warehouse­ Order fillers and men receivers  111 116 100 121 98  (6)  o  114 111 104 88 98 95  108  <•> m  102 98  100  102 102 96 92 105 103  o  104  100  n o  101 104  o c) c) <•>  103 109 113 107 99  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  104 104 103 112 98 95 96 117 93 102 100  82 100 100 110 94 97 94 101 99 99 99  101  100  «  o c) 100  88 104 106  94 85 99  101 108 101  99  100 89  o  90  106  (*)  (6)  109 85  101 78  115 101  112 96  (*)  (a)  76  87  102  (*)  («)  (s)  (•)  (6)  <•>  o  o  o <•> o  97  90  85  85  78  16  Shipping packers  100 o  90  73 78 87 79 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers  100  98 101 «  Power-truck operators (other than forklift) c) o  92 99 87 89 <*) <■> c) o  Guards I 112 132 118 127 99 104 115 98 0  II o o o o  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  o c) c) (*> o o «  127 126 114 136 103 111 117 117 128 111 116 113  <•>  100 102  101 113 108  98 92  100  110  91  o  (*)  c)  100 o  c) o 100  118 106 109  86  88  85  94  91  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (standard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  140  150  160  170  180  190  460 500  540 580  500 540  314 97 217 9  322 127 195 25  370 173 197 17  293 172 121 22  443 238 205 24  455 286 169 25  457 306 151 38  327 290 37 12  99 64 35 19  25 12 13 10  5 4 1 -  2 2 -  _ _  6 6  14 14  7 7  33 33  30 30  36 36  18 18  30 29  79 56  43 26  44 15  7 4  20 11  5 -  2 2  -  -  -  _ -  -  7 7 -  5 5 -  12 12 -  40 4 36 “  68 7 61 -  177 42 135 1  196 61 135 7  109 37 72 18  87 14 73 10  35 12 23 8  150 62 88 5  60 50 10 8  58 31 27 23  109 100 9 3  16 10 6 6  6 6 6  _ “  _ “  _  -  _ -  5 5  7 7  6 6  3 3  9 9  55 22 33  60 18 42  153 83 70  150 106 44  180 134 46  193 126 67  300 161 139  70 59 11  30 19 11  14 2 12  7 5 2  -  1 1 -  4 _ 4 -  -  -  -  -  2 2 -  1 1 -  4 4 “  32 18 14 -  10 1 9 -  45 30 15 4  33 9 24 8  52 21 31 8  73 62 11 1  287 192 95 9  44 32 12 8  19 5 14 11  5 1 4 1  1 1 ”  _ -  _ _  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  -  -  7 5  3 -  -  4 -  14 10  22 15  77 72  48 47  7  _  6  4 3  1 1  2 2 -  8 8 -  14 14 -  22 22 8  52 10 42 17  43 11 32 9  32 10 22 4  74 25 49 34  61 17 44 32  79 41 38 34  51 20 31 10  56 40 16 14  66 36 30 30  26 22 4 4  24 24 "  52 30 22 22  34 34 34  _  _  _  _ -  “  -  “  316.50 324.00 316.50 387.50  _ _ _ -  2 2 -  8 8 -  14 14  22 22 8  46 4 42 17  29 9 20 9  16 6 10 4  48 7 41 34  28 4 24 22  25 15 10 10  30 15 15 6  38 32 6 6  62 34 28 28  16 16 -  19 19 -  46 24 22 22  34 34 34  “  “  “  248.00 256.50  244.50 209.50- 266.50 246.00 215.00- 286.00  _ _  _ _  _ -  _  -  _ -  6 6  14 2  16 4  26 18  33 13  54 26  21 5  18 8  4 2  10 6  5 5  6 6  -  -  -  39.5 40.0 38.5 38.5  221.50 235.00 202.00 284.00  194.50 206.00 183.50 228.00  170.50181.50148.00207.50-  261.50 280.50 227.00 445.00  _ _ -  28 _ 28 -  26 26 -  36 14 22 -  24 12 12 -  45 40 5 -  19 14 5 -  65 47 18 9  52 30 22 12  22 12 10 6  18 9 9 3  36 23 13 -  21 19 2 1  14 14 -  5 5 “  30 30 _  4 2 2 2  12 12 12  _ “  _ ~  _ ~  294 159 135  39.0 40.0 38.0  208.00 237.50 174.00  184.50 195.50 158.00  159.00- 261.50 171.50- 289.50 145.00- 191.50  _ _ _  28 _ 28  26 _ 26  34 14 20  21 12 9  35 33 2  9 5 4  34 17 17  16 5 11  13 9 4  3 2 1  27 14 13  10 10 -  7  5 5 -  24 24 -  2 2 -  -  -  -  -  163 112 51 27  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  245.50 231.50 276.00 338.00  211.00 194.50- 277.50 207.00 194.50- 275.50 229.00 202.50- 396.50 396.50 228.50- 445.00  _ _ -  _ _ -  2 2 -  3 3 -  10 7 3 -  10 9 1 -  31 30 1 -  36 25 11 5  9 3 6 5  15 7 8 2  9 9 -  11 9 2 1  7  _ _ -  -  _ -  6 6 -  2 2 2  12 12 12  _ ~  _ “  _ —  431 75 356  39.5 40.0 39.0  174.50 262.50 156.00  144.50 137.00- 191.00 256.50 233.50- 280.50 141.00 137.00- 164.50  10 _ 10  163 _ 163  57 _ 57  9 1 8  43 7 36  25 2 23  13 13  25 4 21  15 4 11  22 19 3  11 9 2  9 9 -  10 5 5  4 4  -  7 -  8 8 -  -  -  -  -  103 73  39.0 39.0  193.50 178.00  172.50 150.00- 211.00 164.50 141.00- 187.00  7  19 19  2 2  19 13  15 13  5 5  8 4  3 1  5 -  1 1  4 “  9 4  4 4  _ -  2 "  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ —  _  -  374 287  39.0 39.5  253.50 238.00  265.00 201.00- 288.50 239.50 192.50- 275.50  _ _  _ _  1,135 430 705 95  39.0 40.0 38.5 39.5  271.00 308.50 248.00 321.00  251.50 312.00 231.00 312.00  217.50237.50207.00258.50-  312.00 381.00 278.50 365.50  _ _ -  1,243 736 507  39.5 39.5 39.0  295.00 300.50 287.00  299.50 261.50- 326.50 300.50 273.00- 326.50 294.50 248.50- 326.50  _ -  612 372 240 50  39.5 39.5 39.0 39.5  335.00 340.00 326.50 360.50  350.00 357.00 343.00 361.00  306.50329.00290.00302.00-  357.00 357.00 357.00 413.50  _ _ -  187 159  39.5 39.5  398.50 407.00  412.50 379.00- 425.00 413.00 398.00- 428.50  _ _  Transportation and utilities.....  696 286 410 252  39.0 40.0 38.5 38.5  262.00 282.50 248.00 280.00  250.00 200.00- 305.50 286.00 237.50- 324.00 231.50 188.50- 289.00 251.50 219.00- 316.50  Transportation and utilities.....  483 ,185 298 200  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.0  268.50 296.50 251.00 285.00  264.50 300.50 217.50 253.50  190.50261.50176.50207.50-  213 101  39.5 40.0  457 271 186 45  242.00279.50218.50278.50-  _  7  _ _ "  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  420 460  380 420  281 64 217 2  4 _ 4 -  .  _ _ -  Nonmanufacturing......................  340 380  320 340  109 7 102 -  340.00 357.00 316.00 365.50  Transportation and utilities.....  300 320  280 300  260 280  81 4 77 -  299.00 324.50 264.50 322.50  Transportation and utilities.....  240 260  26 26 -  296.50 323.00 269.00 330.50  Transportation and utilities.....  220 240  27 27 -  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.0  Transportation and utilities.....  200 220  18 _ 18  3,658 1,846 1,812 203  Transportation and utilities.....  190 200  17  7  7,  7  - .  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  380  420  460  500  540  580  File clerks III..................................  50  38.5  245.00  200.00  192.00- 334.00  -  -  -  2  1  5  2  15  10  -  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  159 52 107 41  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.5  211.00 207.00 212.50 264.00  185.00 191.00 184.50 189.50  165.50169.50159.00172.50-  238.50 219.50 238.50 414.50  7 7 -  8 1 7 -  6 1 5 -  15 6 9 -  16 6 10 10  15 4 11 8  23 2 21 3  17 14 3 3  10 6 4 2  Switchboard operators.................... Nonmanufacturing......................  155 116  39.0 39.0  240.00 217.00  215.00 180.50- 289.50 180.50 174.00- 250.00  _  12 12  _  -  10 10  -  _ -  12 12  36 36  3 1  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  114 56 58  39.5 40.0 39.5  216.50 236.50 197.50  204.50 213.00 204.50  160.00- 243.50 173.50- 304.50 154.50- 228.00  -  3 3  8 8  8 8  16 14 2  4 4 -  _ -  11 5 6  Order clerks...................................... Manufacturing.............................  153 114  40.0 40.0  290.50 334.50  283.00 235.00- 351.50 338.50 269.00- 384.00  _  _  -  3 -  3 -  32 -  _ -  . -  Order clerks I................................ Manufacturing.............................  98 59  40.0 40.0  243.50 297.00  251.00 162.50- 331.00 282.50 256.50- 338.50  _ -  3 -  _ -  3 -  32 -  _ -  .  .  .  -  -  Accounting clerks............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,231 631 600 59  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  255.00 297.50 210.50 335.50  229.50 185.00- 305.50 259.50 222.00- 392.50 195.50 161.00- 249.00 319.00 296.50- 391.50  1 1 -  36 36 -  69 69 -  38 38 -  57 57 -  68 32 36 2  78 31 47 -  Accounting clerks I....................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  674 266 408 35  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  222.00 269.00 191.50 317.00  192.00 161.50232.00 193.00170.50 144.50304.00 294.00-  263.50 341.00 210.00 334.00  1 1 -  36 36 -  69 69 -  38 38 -  50 50 -  66 32 34 2  Accounting clerks II...................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  557 365 192  39.5 40.0 39.0  295.00 318.00 251.50  252.00 224.00- 391.50 274.50 235.50- 413.00 231.50 213.00- 272.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  7 7  Payroll clerks.................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  248 158 90  40.0 40.0 39.5  283.00 293.50 264.50  257.50 217.50- 335.50 281.00 220.00- 338.00 246.00 195.00- 294.00  _ -  1 1  1 1  1 1  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  879 372 507 76  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  253.00 294.50 222.00 296.50  235.50 197.50- 289.50 289.50 228.00- 365.00 214.50 178.50- 243.50 274.00 235.00- 399.00  _ -  1 1 -  5 5 -  5 5 -  Key entry operators I................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  436 215 221 39  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  242.00 289.50 196.00 239.00  215.50 175.00- 289.50 282.00 216.00- 365.00 179.00 167.00- 214.50 250.50 190.50- 273.50  _  1  5  5  Key entry operators II.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities..... See footnotes at end of tables.  443 157 286 37  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  263.50 301.50 242.00 357.50  240.50 300.50 230.50 399.00  _ -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  221.00235.00202.50289.50-  294.50 349.50 253.00 417.50  2 2  7 5  8 6  13 7  23 8 15  6 4 2  -  5  8  -  1  2 2  5  9  5 5 26 12  -  -  -  9 9  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  26 26  -  -  -  9 4  1 1  1  11 2 9  6 2 4  1 _  11 11 -  1 1  2 2  3 3  1  1 -  24 24  8 8  11 11  5 5  16 16  21 21  3 3  -  1 -  24 24  3 3  6 6  -  16 16  9 9  1 1  -  -  -  77 39 38 1  106 46 60 1  146 94 52 -  125 74 51 2  62 24 38 1  48 27 21 10  32 14 18 13  33 29 4 2  47 34 13 10  133 122 11 9  59 49 10 8  10 10  6 6  _  _  -  -  68 31 37 -  55 28 27 1  58 33 25 1  21 14 7 -  38 10 28 1  23 2 21 1  29 19 10 8  27 13 14 10  13 11 2 2  21 18 3 3  45 45 _ -  15 9 6 6  1 1 _ -  _ _ -  2 2  10 10  22 11 11  48 13 35  125 80 45  87 64 23  39 22 17  19 8 11  5 1 4  20 18 2  26 16 10  88 77 11  44 40 4  9 9  6 6  2 2  27 15 12  7 4 3  12 5 7  15 7 8  41 33 8  18 4 14  16 10 6  14 9 5  8 7 1  28 27 1  10 3 7  14 13 1  23 11 12  10 10 -  84 14 70 4  64 5 59 4  30 10 20 -  56 14 42 4  97 29 68 3  124 37 87 6  96 29 67 10  53 15 38 9  61 46 15 11  29 26 3 1  6 5 1 -  122 120 2 -  41 17 24 24  5 5 _ -  _ _ -  45 3 42 4  21 10 11 -  43 11 32 3  40 23 17 1  15 5 10 5  38 21 17 7  19 8 11 7  38 26 12 8  _ _ -  1 1 _ -  90 90 _ -  3 3 _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  19 2 17 -  9  13 3 10 1  57 6 51 2  109 32 77 1  58 8 50 3  34 7 27 2  23 20 3 3  29 26 3 1  5 4 1 -  32 30 2 -  38 14 24 24  -  -  1 -  5 -  5 -  12  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 -  18  _ _ -  12 8 4 -  -  9 6  -  -  11 _ 11 -  -  8 4  -  _  1  1 1  -  -  1  -  -  -  -  _ _ -  72 14 58 4  -  -  -  9 -  -  _  -  -  _ _ _  _ -  -  -  _ -  _ _  _  -  -  -  _ _ -  _  5 5 _  _  -  -  _ -  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Computer systems analysts Manufacturing ........................... Nonmanufacturing......................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  200  180 200  240  220  12 12  12 12  4  5  32 31 1  1 -  5 -  16 2  10 5  7 3  3 3  16 12  36 35  24 24  12 12  4  3  1 1  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  13 1 12  18 6 12  42 16 26  68 15 53  54 31 23  48 39 9  30 30  30 30  19  1 '  1 1  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  “ -  “  ” _  2  6 -  31 6 25  23 11 12  41 23 18  44 36 8  22 20  12 11 '  11  11  4  6 3 3  21 7 14  15 8 7  39 11 28  39 26 13  69 23 46  45 14 31  53 12 41  72 45 27  46 35 11  22 15  7 6 1  1  1 1  2 2  _  -  4 4 -  1 1  . -  _  5 2  16 9  15 7  15 14  18 3  19 19  10 6  1 1  4 4  -  ”  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  4 4 -  1 1  5 5  _ -  16 10 6  16 10 6  34 19 15  32 10 22  35 10 25  54 39 15  25 15 10  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  21 20  21 14  7 6  2 2  -  -  14 6  -  -  3 “  -  -  16 4 12  1  -  5 1 4  1  -  8 8  17  30  23  53  46 13 33 14  29 10 19  -  -  -  -  22 1  1  33 12 21 5  -  46 3  48 25 23 2  -  16 -  39 16 23 1  2  30 -  46 20 26 1  14  7  57 6 51 3  16  7  66 36 30 “  25  -  30  17  35 25 10  3 3  3 1 2  13 13  2 2  -  -  9 9 “  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  7  4 3 1  13  7 10  33 5 28  7  -  34 3 31  25 11 14  9 6 3  15 11 4  14 7 7  14 2 12  8 5  13  -  -  -  -  -  12  ”  2  _  8 2 6  20 11  20 1 19  1  -  -  179 141 38  344 25C 94  274 237 37  335 250 85  -  1  _ -  -  _ -  _  -  324 189 135  39.5 40.0 38.5  483.50 523.50 428.00  473.50 428.50- 539.00 525.50 469.50- 584.00 431.50 396.00- 453.50  _  _  -  -  -  207 133 74  39.0 39.5 38.0  546.00 583.00 480.50  542.50 482.00- 595.50 569.50 528.50- 621.00 463.00 446.50- 517.50  .  _  -  -  443 212 231  39.0 39.5 38.5  358.50 373.50 345.00  350.00 317.00- 402.50 370.00 320.00- 424.50 345.00 309.00- 374.00  1  -  1  104 66  39.0 38.5  300.00 306.00  303.00 264.00- 335.50 307.00 277.50- 335.50  223 118 105  39.0 39.5 38.0  359.50 363.00 355.50  362.00 330.50- 396.00 366.50 330.50- 409.50 355.00 331.50- 376.00  116 56 60  38.5 38.5 39.0  410.00 453.00 370.00  416.00 347.00- 462.00 445.00 425.00- 492.50 364.50 332.00- 397.00  527 169 358 39  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  287.00 301.00 280.50 346.00  273.50 283.00 260.50 325.00  169 55 114  39.0 40.0 39.0  255.50 288.00 239.50  222.50 199.50- 290.50 238.00 222.50- 383.50 205.00 178.50- 288.50  307.00 275.00- 366.00 301.50 279.50- 346.50 310.50 273.00- 373.00  1,866 1,434 432  40.0 40.0 39.5  383.50 388.50 365.50  392.50 323.50- 455.50 400.50 334.00- 456.00 380.00 301.00- 431.00  -  30  -  2 -  2  6 6  14 2 12  20 2 18  14 10 4  21 7 14 10 4 6  20 3 17  18 8 10  23 10 13  29 11 18  19 6 13  9 1 8  46 14 32  90 73 17  90 68 22  10C 87 1S  86 68 18  93 63 3C  118 96 22  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  780  55 53 2  2 -  322.00 314.00 325.50  540  78 70 8  -  39.5 40.0 39.5  740  740  101 74 27  -  177 57 120  700  700  101 66 35  428.00 345.50- 471.50 453.00 422.00- 482.50  265.00 238.50- 327.50 282.00 265.00- 323.00 252.00 227.00- 328.00  660  660  135 56 79  417.50 451.00  282.50 300.00 274.50  620  620  64 28 36  39.5 39.5  39.5 40.0 39.0  580  580  23 9 14  140 104  181 57 124  500  540  20 4 16  -  331.00 338.00 331.00 391.50  460  420  380  360  500  10 5 5  2  227.00238.00217.50315.00-  340  460  420  380  360  16 2 14  5  -  Computer programmers  320  1  2 -  Computer programmers  340  320  300  300  280  260  482.50 429.00- 549.00 523.50 460.00- 585.50 437.50 383.50- 469.50  Computer programmers  280  260  240  220  489.00 524.00 428.50  Computer systems analysts  Nonmanufacturing.....................  160 and under 180  39.5 40.0 38.5  Computer systems analysts  Transportation and utilities.....  Middle range2  671 426 245  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)..  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  19  -  15  9 8  75 75  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  160 and under 180  Drafters II...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  189 105 84  39.5 40.0 39.0  285.50 302.00 264.50  271.50 240.00- 305.50 277.00 240.00- 374.50 266.00 232.00- 298.50  -  Drafters III..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  415 317 98 42  40.0 40.0 39.0 38.0  341.50 343.50 336.50 370.00  344.50 344.50 354.00 401.50  381.00 377.50 397.50 401.50  2 2 -  Drafters IV..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  601 487 114  40.0 40.0 39.5  399.00 399.50 398.50  400.50 351.00- 460.50 402.50 336.00- 460.50 389.00 371.50-428.00  Drafters V..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  625 504 121  40.0 40.0 40.0  432.50 430.00 443.50  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  249 131 118 73  39.0 39.0 39.5 39.5  Electronics technicians II.............. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  92 51  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  780  12 12  1 1 -  25 11 14  41 29 12  26 13 13  28 15 13  16 8 8  13 1 12  -  _  -  4 4 -  9 _ 9 1  44 42 2 -  49 40 9 5  20 17 3 -  31 25 6 -  40 27 13 3  _  _  _  .  -  -  -  4 4  -  14 14 -  48 45 3  36 35 1  437.00 403.00- 468.50 435.00 400.50- 468.50 466.00 421.50- 468.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  "  -  -  8 8 -  _  430.00 431.00 428.50 447.50  433.50 439.50 428:00 449.00  _  _  _  .  -  -  _ -  -  _ -  1 1 -  8 4 4 -  40.0 40.0  424.00 446.00  418.00 390.00- 449.00 422.50 390.00- 523.50  _  _  _  _  .  _  _ _  _  _  _  _  30  39.5  412.50  422.00 394.00- 424.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  Electronics technicians III............. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  104 68 41  40.0 40.0 39.5  456.50 464.00 478.00  457.00 428.00- 499.00 458.00 428.00- 506.50 499.00 458.00- 509.00  .  .  _  Registered industrial nurses............ Manufacturing.............................  206 179  40.0 40.0  377.00 380.00  383.00 357.00- 419.00 383.00 357.00- 414.50  279.50277.50294.00355.50-  402.00402.00395.50415.50-  459.00 455.50 463.00 499.00  _  9 9  17 17  45 35 10 2  67 50 17 7  47 20 27 24  48 48  9 9  -  36 31 5  37 27 10  58 44 14  163 117 46  4 4 -  36 34 2  49 42 7  9 6 3 -  4  16 10 6 2  4  1  2  1  12 8  -  -  -  -  _  4 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  48 39 9  114 92 22  43 43 -  -  -  -  -  -  123 102 21  161 133 28  212 149 63  32 32 -  -  -  -  -  -  51 31 20 14  96 51 45 30  23 13 10 6  25 6 19 18  12 10 2 -  -  -  -  -  3  30 17  23 6  4  6  10  1  1  12  16  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 1  21 7 2  41 28 14  19 10 6  19 19 18  2 2 -  -  -  -  -  26 22  62 59  41 37  6 4  2 2  1 -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  2 -  1 -  .  5 4  4 4  4 2  19 16  13 11  20 18  -  20  _  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1 1  1 1 -  -  -  _  4 2  ' Average (mean2)  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Office occupations Messengers...............................................................  73 52  39.5 39.0  242.50 253.50 360.00 360.00  Manufacturing......................................................  203 155  39.5 40.0  357.50 380.00  Manufacturing......................................................  77 58  40.0 40.0  301.00 317.50  97  40.0  417.50  Accounting clerks II: Payroll clerks.............................................................  51  40.0  Typists II................................................................ Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufactunng.............. ~..................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  374.50  Office occupations women  Messengers..............................................................  (me an2)  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  269 186 45  39.5 40.0 38.5 38.5  221.00 234.50 202.00 284.00  292 157 135  39.0 40.0 38.0  207.50 236.50 174.00  163 112 51 27  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  245.50 231.50 276.00 338.00  404 63 341  39.5 40.0 39.5  171.50 263.00 154.50  93 71  39.0 39.0  186.50  86 55  38.5 39.0  184.00 174.00  112  39.0  241.00 217.00  of workers  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  411 144 267 29  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  259.50 297.00 239.00 340.50  572 383 189  39.5 40.0 38.5  500.50 531.50 438.00  105 88  39.5 39.5  432.00 452.00  276 165 111  39.5 40.0 38.5  490.50 532.00 429.00  191 130 61  39.5 39.5 38.5  553.00 584.50 485.00  311 162 149  39.0 39.5 38.5  366.00 384.50 346.00  65  39.0  301.00  89 61  39.0 39 5 38.0  364.00 363.00 365.50  96 51  39.0 38.5  413.50 459.00  of workers  Key entry operators II............................................ Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Transportation and utilities.............................. Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business) III....................................................... Manufacturing.......................................................  3,610 1,846 1,764 201  39.0 39.5 39.0 39.0  297.00 323.00 270.00 329.50  373 286  39.0 39.5  253.00 237.50  56 58  39.5 40.0 39.5  216.50 236.50 197.50  1,134 430 704 94  39.0 40.0 38.5 39.5  271.00 308.50 248.00 320.50  86  40.0  236.50  80  40.0  224.00  1,243 736 507  39.5 39.5 39.0  295.00 300.50 287.00  988 476 512 38  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.0  235.50 270.50 203.50 334.50  611 372 239 49  39.5 39.5 39.0 39.5  334.50 340.00 326.00 359.00  586 208 378  39.5 40.0 39.5  212.00 255.50 188.00  381 129 252  39.5 40.0 39.5  296.50 305.50 291.50  187 159  39.5 39.5  398.50 407.00  402 268  39.5 40.0  270.50 282.00  112 69  39.5 39.5  259.50 235.50  693 284 409 251  39 0 40.0 38.5 38.5  262.50 282.50 248.50  191 120 71  39.5 40.0 39.5  260.00 265.50 250.50  117 77  39.5 39.0  288.50 283.50 329.50 334.00  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.0  268.50 296.50 251.00 285.50  251.50 294.50 220.00 284.00  39.5  481 184 297 199  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  106  Stenographers I................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  829 351 478 67  1,740 1,350 390  40.0 40.0 39.5  394.50 374.50  Key entry operators I........................................... Manufactunng.....................................................  418 207  Stenographers II................................................... Manufacturing.....................................................  212 100  39.5 40.0  248.50 257.00  Transportation and utilities.............................  38  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  81 62  40.0 40.0 39.5  292.00 319.50 256.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................  Transportation and utilities..............................  . ..  .,  Nonmanufacturing.................................. --.......... Transportation and utilities.............................  Switchboard operators............................................. Switchboard operator-  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Nonmanufacturing............................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  21  Computer programmers (business) I......................................................... Computer programmers  Computer programmers  Computer operators III......................................... Drafters..................................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. 244.00 293.00 196 50 240.50  Drafters II.............................................................. Nonmanufacturing.............................................. .  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 CnntinnoH Av erage (nr ean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Drafters III.............................................................. Manufacturing................................ Nonmanufacturing.............................................  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.............................. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  91  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  381 295 86  40.0 40.0 39.0  345.00 344.00 348.00 372.50  111  40.0 40.0 39.5  402.50 403.00 399.00  622 501 121  40.0 40.0 40.0  432.50 430.00  249 131 118  39.0 39 0 39.5 39.5  430.00 431.00 428.50 447.50  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  68 41  40.0 40.0 39.5  456.50 464.00 478.00  99 56  39.0 38.5  423.50 395.50  50  38.5 39.5  341.50 338.00  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  39.5  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing....................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Computer programmers (business) II..............................................  92 51  40.0 40.0  424.00 446.00  Computer operators................................................. Nonmanufacturing................................................  30  39.5  412.50  Computer operators 1........................................  22  73  38,5  349.50  146 106  39 0 38.5  263.00 254.00  57  38.5  247.00  126 84  39.5 40.0  291.50 295.50  196 169  40.0 40.0  376.00 378.50  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 5.80 and under 6.00  6.00  6.20  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  12.40  12.80  13.20  6.20  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40 10.80  11.20  11.60 12.00 12.40 12.80  13.20  13.60  78 67  12.00  11.60  8  100  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  415 324 91  11.02 11.08 10.83  11.16 10.53-11.45 11.27 10.78-11.40 10.53 9.80-12.75  ■  -  _  ~  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  1,417 1,311 106 65  11.37 11.44 10.46 10.27  11.68 11.78 10.10 10.19  10.99-12.13 11.17-12.16 9.81-10.80 9.81-10.80  -  -  " ”  383 381  245 243  6 1  2  2  ■  214 195 19 19  56 50  ■  *  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing.............................  170 135  10.41 10.55  10.57 9.75-11.10 10.88 10.40-11.10  '  -  -  -  63 63  2 2  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities.....  1,139 1,106  11.86 11.92  12.23 11.62-12.36 12.23 11.72-12.36  -  -  -  “  175 165  46 46  190 190  604 602  25  9.96  10.08 8.96-10.80  '  '  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)............. ..................... Manufacturing.............................  1,426 1,398  11.34 11.37  11.61 10.77-12.27 11.66 10.79-12.28  -  -  -  “  219 219  150 150  236 236  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Transportation and utilities.....  493 322 171 151  11.43 11.60 11.13 11.44  11.76 11.56 12.18 12.18  10.90-12.31 11.03-12.31 9.97-12.18 10.31-12.18  -  “  “ ”  111 110 1  '  • " '  65 60 5 5  109 36 73 73  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  953 911  11.25 11.32  11.37 10.85-11.73 11.37 10.93-11.73  '  '  -  -  157 157  85 85  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  94 65  10.02 10.16  10.02 9.09-10.93 10.32 9.09-11.45  -  '  -  '  Maintenance trades helpers............ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Transportation and utilities....  1,124 1,069 55 51  10.25 10.36 8.03 8.16  10.26 10.30 7.78 7.78  10.12-10.59 10.19-10.60 7.21- 8.99 7.68- 8.99  1 1  1 1  -  “  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing............................  213 213  10.96 10.96  10.77 10.18-12.42 10.77 10.18-12.42  “  -  *  ■  Tool and die makers....................... Manufacturing............................  404 404  11.17 11.17  11.34 10.25-12.62 11.34 10.25-12.62  ■  “  “  -  Stationary engineers.......................  302 171 131  10.65 10.9£ 10.20  11.05 9.53-11.70 11.08 10.08-11.91 10.01 9.42-11.45  -  -  -  — -  Boiler tenders..................................  112 102  9.87 9.94  9.98 9.19-10.40 10.37 9.59-10.40  -  _  _  -  -  _“  11  131 131 36 12  24 24  141 140  8  352 352  353 351  181 181  203 203  2 2  14 344 344  133 133  117 117  -  “  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1  30 30  168 168  97 3  23  122 122  13.60 and over  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981 H ourly earn ngs (in dollars )4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  2,125 882  Transportation and utilities.....  Transportation and utilities.....  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Transportation and utilities..... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  229 114 59  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  11.12 10.53  11.98 10.20-12.22 11.98 9.06-11.98  9.42 8.46 9.42  10.09 7.78-10.51 7.78 7.41- 9.06 9.06 9.06-10.09  3.30 and under 3.40  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60 11.00  11.80  34 '  '  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  167 166  5  “  -  58 58 3  58 56  9.73 9.79  9.62 9.35-10.33 9.89 9.35-10.33  356 111 245  11.13 11.49 10.97  12.08 10.74-12.08 12.19 10.74-12.19 12.08 9.47-12.08  75 57  9.14 8.98  9.99 7.90-10.20 9.99 8.01-10.20  179 114 65  7.48 8.02 6 54  6.53 5.39- 9.67 8.93 5.45- 9.89 6.38 5.20- 6.60  93 56  7.78 7.05  7.35 6.51- 9.78 6.63 6.35- 7.38  255 141 114  9.00 8.55 9.56  8.05 7.87- 9.76 7.97 7.87- 9.33 8.95 8.05-11.82  410 398  8.70 8.68  9.44 6.07-11.82 9.44 6.05-11.82  174 136  8.61 9.29  8.09 7.32-10.25 10.25 7.97-10.25  906 575 331 59  8.55 9.73 6 51 8.47  8.42 10.22 6.20 8.42  1,035 958  9.93 10.02  10.20 9.55-10.62 10.20 9.71-10.84  1,589 462 1,127  5.35 8.89 3.90  3.60 3.35- 7.85 9.11 7.85- 9.89 3.45 3.35- 3.70  471  394  95  471  394  95  46  1,507 446 1,061  5.23 8.91 3.69  3.45 3.35- 7.59 9.11 7.85- 9.89 3.45 3.35- 3.60  471  394  94  40  471  394  94  40  82  7.54  8.18 7.18- 8.55  2,451 1,545 906 241  7.56 8.67 5.66 7.25  8.01 9.13 5.15 6.92  10  87 20 67 1  52  228  50  71  53  171  19  52 1  224 2  50 7  71 16  48 15  99 3  19 7  6.62-10.66 7.32-11.14 5.29- 7.59 8.42- 9.23  5.948.014.556.73-  9.13 9.74 6.89 8.60  -  -  -  “  -  6 6  36 29  58 30  67 63  144 43  *  ”  4  _  _  _  30 30 30  2 2 2  56 24 24  -  ~ 19 ~ 19  24 24  21 21  7 7  _ 9 9  5 5  2 1  2 2 19 19  7  9 9  -  f  18  1 6 8  nr  14 t4  21 1  1  4  24 16  9 9  8 1  “  18  1 -  -  16  26 —  14  12  14  8  6  54  19  54  15  -  61  16 1D  40 19  1  11 11 133 99 34  1 “  29 4 25  “ 12 12  61 61  -  4  2 -  “  ~  34 34  -  -  11 11  2 2  -  23 23 16 16  63 10 53  20 20 -  186 56 130  4 -  16 16 “  -  4 5 5  -  5 5  9  17 1  ~  -  10 10 2 2  “  -  16 16 -  7 6 1  -  10 10 -  44 44  _  111 111  -  -  -  104 104  _  —  6 6 37 20 17 10  32 32 :  — 65 65 :  103 103 “  _ 96 96 ”  _  54 48 6 6  46 46  6 79 79  _ -  6 6 ~ — -  ” “ -  31 31  10 10  14 14  45 15  18 18  163 163  14 9 D  45 28 17  21 14  41 26 15  63 38 25  14 9 D  29 28 1  14 14  34 26 8  24 22  16 15 1  114  39  153 67 86 80  88  176 162 14 14  105 105  144 125 19 19  145 92 53 53  484 476 8 8  83 15  _  • “ _  “ 16 15 1  20 “  “  60 9 51 2  16  24  “ 32  22  -  5 5 “  94 53  1385 483  153 142 11 10  83 -  6  3  4  g 8  ~  —  "  50  -  97 59  11.80 12.60 and 12.60 over  114 111  4 20 14 6  -  _  -  _ -  -  182 135  61 61  271 271  195 195  24 24  28 28  22 22  13 13 13 13 -  132 132 132 132 -  16 16 16 16 -  16 16 — 16 16 -  4 4 —  -  —  4 4 -  -  —  159 152 7  231 231 :  25 25 :  —  —  —  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  “  -  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement and custodial workers by sex in establishments employing 500 workers or more in Pittsburgh, Pa., January 1981  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  i  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Maintenance electricians...................................................... Nonmanufactunng................................................-.......... Transportation and utilities.......................................... Maintenance painters............................................................  Nonmanufacturing: Maintenance mechanics  Manufacturing...................................................................  Nonmanufacturing: Transportation and utilities..........................................  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  415 324 91  11.02 11.08 10.83  1,417 1,311 106 65  11.37 11.44 10.46 10.27  170 135  10.41 10.55  1,139 1,106  11.86 11.92  25  9.96  1,426 1,398  i  \  Manufacturing...................................................................  11.43 11.60 11.13 11.44  953 911  11.25 11.32  94 65  10.02 10.16  1,121 1,068  10.25 10.36  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Receivers............................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing........................................................... Warehousemen:  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  25  Number of workers  (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  213  10.96 10.96  384 373  8.87 8.85  404 404  11.17 11.17  128  9.14  300 171 129  10.64 10.99 10.18  825 555 270 59  8.80 9.82 6.71 8.47  112 102  9.87 9.94  1,031 954  9.93 10.02  1,486 437 1,049  5.35 8.86 3.88  1,413 421 992  5.23 8.88 3.68  1,969 1,305 664 164  7.79 8.86 5.68 7.63  101  5.43  2,111 870  10.52  229 114 59  9.42 8.46 9.42  58 56  9.73 9.79  356 111 245  11.13 11.49 10.97  66  9.40  162 108 54  7.65 8.04 6.88  Guards I..................................................................-..........  94  5.35  8.62  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  460 240 220  6.68 7.62 5.65  Guards I...............................................................................  127  8.16  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Material movement and custodial  11.34 11.37  493 322 171 151  51  ,  Number of workers  Nonmanufacturing.............................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Footnotes ‘ Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position-half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 1 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. ’ 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 ^fTa,eS f0r P6ri0ds ending prior t0 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 8 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  26  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Small establishments—generally those with fewer than 50 employees—are excluded because they have few incumbents in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Most A-series tables provide distributions of workers by earnings; changes in the size of earnings intervals are indicated by heavy vertical lines. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, I and II Typists, I and II File clerks, I, II, and III Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, I and II Accounting clerks, I and II Payroll clerks Key entry operators, I and II Electronic data processing  Computer systems analysts, I, II, and III   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, I, II, and III Computer operators, I, II, and III  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1- Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3- These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see “Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,” Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52-  Pay relationships in establishments  Tables A-8 through A-ll compare average pay of occupations in individual establishments. These comparisons, expressed as pay relatives (pay for one of the occupations equals 100), yield different results than comparisons of overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The latter reflect differences in contributions to the survey averages by establishments with disparate pay levels; the pay relative comparisons are not affected by such differences.  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  The methods of computing and presenting pay relatives have changed since the last survey in this area. The following procedures are now used to compute relatives in tables A-8 through A-l 1: 1. Establishments employing workers in both of the paired occupations were identified.  Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.  2. Pay levels (averages) for the two occupations were weighted by the combined employment of both jobs to reflect each establishments contribution to the totals used in this comparison.  1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  3. The weighted pay levels of the two jobs were summed separately; each total was divided by the other and the quotients multiplied by 100 to produce the two pay relatives shown for each job pairing.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Pittsburgh, Pa.,1 *January 1981  Industry division*  Workers in establishments  Number of establishments  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of survey  Within scope of survey3 *  Within scope of survey*  Studied  Studied  All establishments  Manufacturing......................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities*........................ Wholesale trade*................................. Retail trade*........................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. Services*7..................... -....................  100  940  171  100 -  296 644  54 117  174,549 189,404  48 52  91,936 98,282  100 50 100 50 50  60 154 117 108 205  25 15 19 19 39  39,526 16,193 66,062 29,552 38,071  11  4 18  31,392 2,610 32,324 15,132 16,824  _  144  73  251,606  500 -  78 66  33 40  135,198 116,408  54 46  86,987 84,921  500 500 500 500 500  13 5 29 5 14  11 2 13 4 10  30,472 2,747 54,798 14,763 13,628  12 1  28,217  22 6  31,517 12,423 11,544  All divisions ..  Large establishments All divisions.. Manufacturing......................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities*........................ Wholesale trade®................................. Retail trade*........................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. Services®7................... ........................ i lie riuauuiyn viuuuuiu mvuvpvtiiuii  -------, —-----------------, ------  —  —  —,  ,,  * Abbreviated to “transportation and utilities” in the A-series tables. Formerly referred to as "public utilities". Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Pittsburgh's local and suburban transit operations are municipally owned and are excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. * Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the all industries’ and  1974 consists of Allegheny, Beaver, Washington, and Westmoreland Counties. The “workers within scope of survey estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. * The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  1,220  “nonmanufacturing” estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  29  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job descriptions, are excluded.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant: Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled “Level of Supervisor,” e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; Trainees.  Classification by level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor  Office SECRETARY  within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.  responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled “secretary” possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: a. bc.  LS-1  Positions which do not meet the “personal” secretary concept described above;  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties; Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  30  Level ofSecretary's Responsibility (LR)  LS-2 a.  b.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; „ ,level) over either ... Secretaryorto the head (immediately below the officer a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e g„ a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  LS-4 a. b. c.  LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b.  LS-3 a.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility.  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura-  c. d. e.  LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or , , Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, ota major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000  persons. NOTE- The term “corporate officer” used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title “vice president,” though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be “corporate officers” for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. ,, Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. ( Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LS-1............................................................... LS-2..............................................................  LR-1 1 11  LR-2 }}, {”  tli:::::::::::::::...................  <v  v  STENOGRAPHER  syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see T ranscribing-machine typist).  FILE CLERK  NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Stenographer I  File Clerk I  Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.  Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files.  Stenographer II  Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than Stenographer I, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­ graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.  File Clerk II  Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross­ reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. File Clerk III  Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.)  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  TYPIST  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard operatorreceptionist.  MESSENGER  Typist I  Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  Typist II  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate  Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  32  ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.  information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or salespeople. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  Accounting Clerk II  Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing compli­ cated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more level I accounting clerks. PAYROLL CLERK  Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item.  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls.  Order Clerk II  KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Order Clerk I  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customers needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Key Entry Operator I  Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information. Key Entry Operator II  Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for level I. NOTE: Excluded are operators above level II using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.  Accounting Clerk I  Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized proce­ dures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  33  Professional and Technical  Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.  COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifica­ tions required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  Computer Systems Analyst II  Computer Programmer I  Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, • program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining invento­ ry accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for level III. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop Competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  Computer Systems Analyst I  Computer Programmer II  Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for level III) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  Computer Systems Analyst III  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involv­ ing all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  34  Computer Programmer III  Computer Operator II  Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard proce­ dures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: a. b. c. d. e. f. g.  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. For wage study purposes, computer operators are classified as follows:  Computer Operator III  In addition to work assignments described for Computer operator II (see above) the work of Computer operator III involves at least one of the following: a. b. c. d.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: a.  Computer Operator I  Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  b. c. d. e. f.  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labeling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see Computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, proce­ dures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and information in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: a. b. c. d. e.  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs; Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Drafter I  Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spotchecked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. Drafter II  Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts of equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guid­ ance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Drafter III  Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Drafter IV  Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Drafter V  Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpre­ ting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skil' to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment.  of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Electronics Technician I  Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Electronics Technician II  Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the level III technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Electronics Technician III  Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed under­ standing of the interrelationships of’circuits; exercising independent judgment in performing such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the  A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37  following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  38  required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows: Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 11/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  STATIONARY ENGINEER  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver  WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and receiver and Shipping packer), order filling (see Order filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-truck operator). ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions.May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded. POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Guard I  Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. Guard II  Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Appendix C. Job Conversion Table  Beginning in 1981, multilevel jobs are identified by numeric instead of alphabetic designations. A conversion table for the affected occupations follows: Numeric Alphabetic Occupation designation designation (currently used) (previously used) E I Secretary. D II C III B IV A V Stenographer  I II  General Senior  Typist  I II  B A  File clerk  I II III  C B A  Order clerk  I II  B A  Accounting clerk,  I  II  B A  I II  B A  Key entry operator   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Numeric designation (currently used) I II III  Alphabetic designation (previously used) C B A  Computer programmer (business)....... . •  I II III  C B A  Computer operator............................... .  I II III  C B A  Drafter................................................... .  I II III IV V  E D C B A  Electronics technician..........................  I II III  C B A  Guard..................................................... .  I II  B A  Occupation Computer systems analyst (business).....  41  Area Wage Survey Summaries The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in summaries which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS region­ al offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-TawasCity, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Antelope Valley, Calif. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Battle Creek, Mich. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bloomington-Vincennes, Ind. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Charlotte-Gastonia, N.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky. Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Decatur, 111. Des Moines, Iowa Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood and West Palm Beach-Boca Raton, Fla. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Grand Island-Hastings, Nebr. Guam, Territory of Harrisburg-Lebanon, Pa. Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Las Vegas-Tonopah, Nev. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lorain-Elyria, Ohio Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Phoenix, Ariz. Pine Bluff, Ark. Portsmouth-Chillicothe-Gallipolis, Ohio Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif. Sandusky, Ohio Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash. Springfield, 111.  Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Wilmington, Del., N.J.-Md. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, public accountants, chief accountants, attorneys, job ana­ lysts, directors of personnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, engineering techni­ cians, drafters, computer operators, and clerical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2081, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1980, $4.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1974 through 1979, is available on request.  Area Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 19801 ....................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1980........... Atlanta, Ga., May 1980 ........................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1980 ..................................................... Billings, Mont., July 1980' ................................................... Boston, Mass., Aug. 1980 ....................................................... Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 ......................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1980 .................................... Chicago, 111., May 1980' ....................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1980 ................................ Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1980' ................................................. Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980..................................................... Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1980............................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1979...................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1980' . Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1980' ..................................................... Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' .......................................... Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1979 ........................................ Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Fresno, Calif., June 1980' ..................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1980' ................................................. Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Nov. 1980' ............ Green Bay, Wis., July 1980 ..................................................... Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1980' Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1980 ............................ Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1980' ................................................ Houston, Tex., Apr. 1980' ................................................... Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1980' ................................................. Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980................................................... Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1980 ....................................................... Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1980 ................................................... Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1980...................................... Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1980 ......................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1980' ........................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price* 300045 3000-62 3000-21 3000-38 3000-31 300040 3000-52 300044 3000-26 3000-32 300046 300048 3000-28 2050-67 3000- 5 3000-64 3000-33 2050-72 3000- 7 3000-30 3000-55 3000-56 3000-22 3000-50 3000-16 3000-19 3000-18 3000-14 300047 3000- 2 3000-66 300042 3000-63 3000-65  $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $2.00 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25  Area Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1980....................................................... Miami, Fla., Oct. 1980 ....................................................................................... Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 ............................................................................. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1981’ ......................................... Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980.................................................................... Newark, N.J., Jan. 1980' ................................................................................ New Orleans, La., Oct. 1980 .............................................................................. New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1980 .................................................................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1980....................... Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 .................................................................. Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1980' ................................................................ Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1980' .................................................................. Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980' ............................................... Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1980.................................................................. Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1981 ................................................................................. Portland, Maine, Dec. 1980................................................................................ Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1980' .............................................................. Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1980' ...................................................................... Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980' .............................. Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980 .......................... Richmond, Va., June 1980' .............................................................................. St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1980.......................................................................... Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1979 ............................................................................ Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1980 ................................................................................ Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1980 ......................................................... San Antonio, Tex., May 1980' ........................................................................ San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1979 .............................................................................. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1980 ..................................................... San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1980 ................................................................................ Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1979' ............................................................... South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980 .............................................................................. Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1980 ...................................................................... Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980................................................................................... Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1980' .............................................................................. Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980' .......................................................................... York, Pa., Feb. 1980...........................................................................................  Bulletin number and price* 3000-59 3000-51 3000-10 3010- 1 3000-29 3000- 8 3000-58 3000-24 3000-20 3000-37 3000-41 3000-57 3000-34 3000-53 3010- 2 3000-61 3000-49 3000-35 3000-39 3000-27 3000-23 3000-12 2050-71 3000-54 3000-60 3000-17 2050-70 3000- 9 3000- 6 2050-68 3000-36 3000-13 3000-43 3000- 4 3000-15 3000-25 3000-11  * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ' Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $3.75 $2.00 $3.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.50 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.75  U.S. Department of Labor  Postage and Fees Paid  Bureau of Labor Statistics  U.S. Department of Labor  Washington, D.C. 20212 Third Class Mail Official Business Penalty for private use,  $300 Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass. 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, NY 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street. PO Box 13309 Philadelphia. Pa. 19101 Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St., N.E Atlanta. Ga. 30367 Phone. 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Region V  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  Regions IX and X  9th Floor. 230 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, III. 60604 Phone 353-1880 (Area Code 312)  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas, Tex. 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St., 15th Floor Kansas City. Mo 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave. Box 36017 San Francisco. Calif. 94102 Phone. 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington  Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102