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a.-3% 30 OC-%5'3  Area Wage Survey  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-New Jersey, Metropolitan Area November 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3000-53   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bucks  Montgomery  Philadelphia  m  Chester  Philadelphia  Delaware Burlington Pennsylvania New Jersey  \ Camden  Gloucester  SOUTHWEST MISSOURI state: university library  U S- DtPOSlTORY copy  ■JAN S 0 1981  e  Preface This bulletin provides results of a November 1980 survey of occupational earnings in the Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-New Jersey, Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Philadelphia, Pa., under the general direction of Irwin L. Feigenbaum, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission. Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Philadelphia area are available for the miscellaneous plastic products (Novem­ ber 1979), men’s and boy’s suits and coats (April 1979), electrical appliance repair (November 1978), nursing homes and related facilities (September 1978), hospitals (September 1978), and drug manufacturing (September 1978) industries. Listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees are available. A report on occupational earnings and supple­ mentary wage benefits for municipal government employees of the city of Philadelphia is also available. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey  Philadelphia, Pennsylvania-New Jersey, Metropolitan Area November 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Ray Marshall, Secretary  Contents  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner December 1980 Bulletin 3000-53  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Page  Introduction..............................................................................  2  Tables—Continued A-11.  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers....................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers................................................ A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.................................................................... A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers....................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movementand custodial workers................................................ A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex............................ A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups...................... A- 8. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for office clerical occupations................ A- 9. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for professional and technical occupations.......................................................... A-10. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ....................................  Page  Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for material movement and custodial occupations.......................................  16  3 6  8 10 11  13 14  Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers........................ A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers..................... A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.................................................................... A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers...................................... A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ........................................ A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex....................................................................  17 20  22 24 25  26  14  15  16  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey...................................... 28 B. Occupational descriptions......................................... 31  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965. A-series tables  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nonmanufacturing industries. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-11 provide measures of average pay relationships within establishments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details. Appendixes  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  115  125  135  145  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  125  135  145  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  10,544 5,386 5,158 471  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.0  263.00 271.50 254.00 375.00  248.50 259.50 240.00 384.00  299.00 311.00 282.00 430.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  87 87 -  167 46 121  710 229 481 7  1175 534 641 -  1248 576 672 13  1593 854 739 12  1249 567 682 28  998 504 494 11  819 578 241 26  732 458 274 34  395 280 115 12  311 172 139 57  623 427 196 102  262 104 158 67  105 44 61 46  62 5 57 56  6 6 -  2 2 -  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  708 412 296  39.0 39.5 38.0  331.50 316.00 354.00  325.00 278.50- 380.00 315.00 262.00- 366.50 345.50 291.50- 421.50  _  _  -  -  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  14 11 3  28 26 2  44 35 9  62 34 28  43 16 27  81 61 20  69 54 15  84 43 41  52 23 29  121 82 39  53 16 37  32 2 30  19 3 16  4 4 -  2 2 -  Secretaries, class B..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,642 1,373 1,269 183  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.0  279.50 279.50 279.50 409.50  264.00 275.00 254.50 393.50  236.00243.00232.00360.50-  318.50 318.50 310.00 445.00  -  -  -  -  27 3 24  112 45 67  138 70 68  234 125 109  412 196 216  416 165 251  319 160 159 4  194 144 50 6  211 176 35 2  155 137 18 1  118 69 49 37  115 28 87 53  122 38 84 34  26 15 11 5  43 2 41 41  -  -  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  3,252 1,556 1,696 108  38.0 38.5 37.5 38.5  258.50 276.00 243.00 322.00  246.00 258.00 234.50 314.00  219.50231.00208.00267.00-  291.00 300.00 270.50 373.00  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  31 31 -  181 47 134 -  300 94 206 -  460 157 303 -  630 310 320 12  433 207 226 15  297 121 176 2  349 246 103 17  193 109 84 15  69 36 33 9  78 45 33 8  165 134 31 22  32 21 11 4  32 27 5 4  -  2 2 -  _  -  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,705 1,803 902 86  38.0 39.0 37.0 39.5  252.50 256.00 246.00 321.50  236.00 201.50- 286.50 240.00 205.50- 291.00 226.00 199.00- 283.50 309.00 249.50- 424.00  _  _  _  _  -  *  -  -  41 27 14 -  214 102 112 7  485 315 170 -  379 232 147 11  379 292 87 -  248 146 102 10  245 194 51 5  152 113 39 3  200 98 102 17  66 58 8 2  44 31 13 4  189 168 21 4  48 27 21 8  15 15 15  _ "  _ -  _ -  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  993 226 767  37.5 39.0 37.5  209.50 230.00 203.50  200.00 210.50 195.00  175.00- 239.00 185.00- 276.00 170.00- 231.50  _  _  _  187 35 152  214 44 170  124 34 90  102 21 81  69 15 54  73 13 60  19 14 5  28 21 7  6 6 -  9 4 5  11 3 8  _  _  _  -  64 16 48  _  -  87 87  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,375 643 732 308  38.5 39.0 38.0 38.5  262.00 284.50 242.50 302.50  239.50 195.00- 343.50 275.00 214.50- 369.50 214.50 187.00- 298.00 316.50 217.00- 368.50  _  _  12  15  67 51 16 10  41 28 13 10  95 43 52 50  27 7 20 18  43 21 22 19  248 193 55 55  38 7 31 31  6 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  94 44 50 20  -  -  112 53 59 12  -  15 -  146 59 87 28  _  -  12 -  268 84 184 41  _  -  -  89 20 69 12  _  -  -  72 27 45 -  8  -  -  -  Stenographers, senior................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  370 213 157  39.5 40.0 39.5  275.50 280.00 269.50  258.00 215.00- 310.50 277.50 218.00- 308.00 237.00 215.00- 359.00  _  _  _  6  2  -  -  -  Stenographers, general............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,005 430 575 264  38.0 38.5 38.0 38.5  257.00 286.50 235.50 287.50  233.00 273.50 204.00 316.50  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  493 93 400  36.5 38.5 36.0  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing..................... Public utilities.........................  3,202 807 2,395 137  Typists, class A............................ Manufacturing............................  1,240 305 935 90  Public utilities.........................  215.00223.00203.50309.00-  105 and under 115  47 17 30  42 17 25  26 22 4  20 19 1  41 41 "  7 7 -  5 3 2  28 19 9  37 7 30  6 6 -  _  -  -  6  43 13 30  -  2  46 34 12  _  -  14 8  _  -  -  -  9  70 27 43 -  75 12 63 11  222 50 172 40  103 46 57 27  65 36 29 11  52 27 25 20  41 29 12 10  21 9 12 10  54 2 52 50  20  38 18 20 18  220 174 46 46  1  77 18 59  119 25 94  134 9 125  78 14 64  32 16 16  13 2 11  6 2 4  5 1 4  1  2  _  -  -  -  1  2  6 6 -  3  -  3  -  -  -  359.00 369.50 295.00 347.50  _  _  12  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12 "  9 -  194.00 204.00 192.00  189.50 170.00- 207.00 190.00 169.00- 234.00 189.50 171.00- 207.00  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  17  37.5 39.5 37.0 39.5  184.50 206.00 177.00 291.00  168.50 151.00- 200.00 195.00 162.00- 238.50 163.00 150.00- 192.50 307.50 232.00- 359.50  _  -  55 14 41 -  127 27 100 -  377 28 349 “  918 157 761 -  589 143 446 11  416 118 298 8  190 66 124 15  145 55 90 13  120 58 62 14  72 27 45 7  92 82 10 -  25 16 9 9  9 2 7 7  46 1 45 45  21 13 8 8  38.0 39.5 37.5 39.5  209.00 244.50 197.50 304.00  197.00 164.50- 245.50 248.50 207.00- 286.50 179.50 160.00- 224.50 351.50 233.50- 361.00  _  1  19  -  243 9 23A -  219 28 191 9  181 37 14A 2  116 47 6S 11  94 21 73 6  94 48 46 2  68 27 41 3  72 66 6 -  20 16  9 2 7 7  40  -  56 2 54  8 2 6 6  -  _  -  1 -  17 -  -  19  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _ *  6  -  190.00213.50185.00216.00-  _  3  A  4  -  20 18  -  40 40  2  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  *  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  Tabto A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  Typists, dass B............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufactunng...................... Public utilities..........................  1,962 502 1,460 47  37.5 39.5 36.5 39.5  169.00 182.50 164.00 266.50  160.50 145.00- 180.00 172.50 153.00- 199.50 160.00 144.00- 175.50 261.50 228.00- 300.50  File clerks......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufactunng......................  1,578 372 1,206  37.0 38.5 37.0  160.00 192.00 150.00  147.00 176.50 144.00  134.00- 176.50 150.00- 205.00 131.00- 159.00  File clerks, class A....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  91 53  38.0 37.0  215.00 172.00  200.00 151.00  File clerks, class B....................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  457 186 271  37.0 38.0 36.5  176.00 198.50 160.50  163.00 147.00- 191.00 184.00 169.00- 195.00 155.00 141.50- 169.00  File clerks, class C....................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  992 148 844  37.0 38.5 37.0  149.00 163.00 146,50  142.00 130.00- 159.00 150.00 141.50- 177.50 140.00 130.00- 155.00  617 270 347  38.0 38.5 38.0  191.00 190.00 192.00  165.00 146.00- 208.50 176.00 150.00- 220.00 160.00 142.00- 204.00  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  476 171 305  38.5 39.0 38.5  211.00 239.50 195.00  181.50 162.00- 260.00 232.50 189.00- 286.00 176.00 160.00- 201.00  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Order clerks, class A.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,152 548 604 35 1,344 1,125 219 650 566 84  38.0 39.0 37.0 38.0 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 37.5  188.50 195.50 182.00 220.50 239.00 242.00 225.50 289.00 290.00 280.00  180.00 189.00 175.00 244.50  163.00170.00157.50160.00-  207.00 212.00 205.00 270.00  222.00 185.00- 291.50 225.00 185.00- 298.50 216.00 165.00- 262.50 291.50 250.00- 321.00 291.50 257.00- 320.00 289.50 235.00- 335.00  Order clerks, class B.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  694 559 135  39.0 39.0 39.0  193.00 193.00 191.50  185.00 185.00 175.00  Accounting clerks............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  5,568 2,301 3,267 299  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.5  221.00 240.50 207.00 344.00  200.00 170.00218.00 180.00190.00 165.00381.50 290.50-  Accounting clerks, class A........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,380 921 1,459 ml  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.5  241.00 263.00 227.00 361.50  225.00 190.00- 268.50 235.00 201.50- 305.50 215.00 182.00- 255.50 395.50 345.00- 402.50   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  165.00- 208.00 171.50- 200.00 155.00- 227.50 244.00 275.00 227.50 395.50  115  125  135  145  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  125  135  145  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  54 14 40 44 17 27  149.00- 263.50 144.00- 200.00  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................. Manufacturing.,........................... Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  105 and under 115  189 2 187  108 27 81 -  321 26 295  193 19 174  238 8 230  408 88 320  163 85 78  14 14  8 4  156 32 124  79 66 13  230 56 174  -  2 2  -  18 18  _ -  15 2 13  24 2 22  40 2 38  44 17 27  146 _ 146  _ _ _ _ _ -  169 17 152  176 6 170  370 115 255 2  51 34 17 7  26 10 16 12  4 4 4  20 16 4 -  5 5  _  28  27 17 10  5 5 -  6 6 -  14 10 4  15 15 -  3 "  4 “  8 “  _  5  11 3  4  2 2 -  -  53  5 5 -  6 2 4  76 15 61  101 13 88  32  _  “  2 2 -  _  19  11 4 7  3 3 -  81 154 6  4  204  48  146 5  _ _  -  "  13 11 2 2  6 6 -  7 7 -  11 9 2  _  _  -  -  -  10 2  12 12 -  6 6 -  6 6 -  .  -  1 1 -  1 1 -  13  20  -  13  _  20  22 2 20  -  22 22  22 9 13  5 4 1  -  5 5  6 6  _  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  .  -  -  -  85 20 65  156 76 80  102 55 47  45 13 32  36 25 11  26 11 15  19 19 -  13 13 -  -  -  15 14 1  14  95 31 64  120 4 116  39  25  _  23 4 19  21  16  34 24 10  19 16 3  24 21 3  16 14 2  18 17 1  235 81 154 8  280 169 111  210 114 96  189  73 36 37 8  14 10 4 -  20 7 13 9  20 15 5 3  -  -  138 104 34  150 103 47  242 235 7  132 113 19  77 47 30  125 105 20  65 55 10  140 138 2  101 98 3  100 64 36  19 17 2  16 16 -  24 24 -  -  4  1  21  105 103 2  52 42 10  135 133 2  90 87 3  90 54 36  19 17 2  16 16 -  24 24 -  -  -  _ _  _ -  22 11 11 6  _  -  8  14 77 77 7 6 1  95  -  _  1  _  -  4  1  4  4  6  7 6 1  134 104 30  149 103 46  221 218 3  100 85 15  18 2 16  20 2 18  13 13  5 5  11 11  10 10  _  _  _  231 21 210  836 331 505  1000 298 702  770 304 466 16  742 323 419 20  509 310 199 15  338 101 237 13  150 67 83 10  184 100 84 12  91 64 27 2  57 23 34 22  40 29 11 9  377 231 146 144  85 53 32 30  35 24 11 6  18 18  22  166 41 125  319 67 252  401 135 266 7  304 116 188  306 182 124 10  250 54 196 1  102 27 75 2  142 65 77 5  86 59 27 2  32 20 12 -  36 29 7 5  107 35 72 70  54 49 5 3  35 24 11 6  18 18  -  6  6  99 4 95 -  _  _  2  _  6 -  _  59 45 14  _  _ -  ”  -  6 1 5 5  -  54 22 32  2 -  -  5  11 _ 11  8 _ -  675 148 527  _ _  _ _  _ _  -  -  -  22  4  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Accounting clerks, class B........... Public utilities.......................... Payroll clerks...............................  Public utilities.......................... Kay entry operators, class A........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.......................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3,188 1,380 1,808 188 1,022  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  38.0 38.5 37.5 40.0  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)1  Mean*  205.50 225.50 190.50 334.00  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  182.50 159.00200.00 170.00173.00 152.00381.50 267.00-  220.00 244.00 209.00 389.50  427 84  38.0 38.5 37.5 38.5  231.50 241.50 217.50 295.00  215.00 225.00 199.00- 265.00 209.00 180.00- 234.00 316.50 230.00- 325.00  4,066 1,407 2,659 313  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.0  207.00 217.00 201.50 296.00  194.00 169.00- 225.00 202.00 189.50 300.00 219.50- 366.00  1,834 668 1,166 2,232 739 1,493 145  38.5 39.5 38.0 38.0 38.5 37.5 38.5  232.00 238.00 229.00 186.00 198.50 180.00 246.50  215.00 191.00- 247.50 223.00 191.00- 265.50 210.00 191.50- 244.00 176.50 160.00193.50 173.00170.00 156.50223.50 190.50-  200.50 215.50 193.50 299.50  105 and under 115 -  125  135  145  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  125  135  145  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  6  99  6  95  5 31  60  31  58  209 21 188 "  670 290 380 "  681 231 450  34 6 28  94 45  82 19 63 “  -  -  -  115  -  -  31  60  31  58  4 “ 78 19 59  -  5  ~  369 169 200 9  438 207 231 20  203 128 75 5  88 47 41 12  48 40 8 8  42 35 7 7  5 5 -  25 3 22 22  4 4 4  270 196 74 74  31 4 27 27  _ _  -  -  -  _  88 51 37 1  145 71 74 1  194 106 88 14  142 87 55 16  95 77 18 2  67 60 7 -  25 19 6 1  21 12 9 9  42 9 33 30  10 4 6 -  21 18 3 3  21 19 2 2  11 6 5 5  2 2  2 2  1 1  -  -  -  857 302 555 41  529 238 291 29  360 133 227 14  188 108 80 10  86 43 43 20  86 64 22 22  78 11 67 9  7 6 1 -  69 48 21 17  157 31 126 126  3 3  2  553 3  810 291 519 20  _  2 2  -  _  82 10 72  276 11b 161  415 116 299  288 112 176  282 96 186  93 48 45  56 27 29  61 58 3  68 10 58  7 6 1  40 36 4  157 31 126  3 3  2 _  _  -  2  _  _  _  579 98 481 3  534 176 358 20  442 186 256 24  241 126 115 29  78 37 41 2  95 60 35 8  30 16 14 14  25 6 19 19  10 1 9 9  .  29 12 17  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  ■ -  -  17  -  _  _ _  _  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  125 and under 135  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  325  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  645  685  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  325  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  645  685  725  Computer systems analysts  8  17  15  21  _  8  17  15  21  112 8 104  199 66 133  386 118 268  382 134 248  332 108 224  213 87 126  229 95 134  87 34 53  127 14 113  27 4 23  13 13  —  -  -  -  10  14  -  -  10  14  39 2 37  81 23 58  166 69 97  204 56 148  151 52 99  207 77 130  80 32 48  127 14 113  27 4 23  13 13  5  5  3  1  5  5  3  1  132 47 85 6  237 60 177 3  201 55 146 11  126 52 74 15  61 35 26 2  22 18 4 4  7 2 5 5  — -  J-  _  37 2 35  -  — _ _  — _ _  3 3  12 12  12 12  10 10  59 6 53  21 12 9  67 35 32  15 10 5  2  1 1  — -  -  — -  -  2  16  92 31 61  97 30 67  124 43 81  357 102 255  668 96 572 18  626 132 494 20  418 133 285 33  342 143 199 45  175 76 99 35  122 23 99 40  82 13 69 40  15 4 11 10  5 1 4 4  5 1 4 4  20  _ _  _ _  16  _ _  _ _  _  — _  _  _  _  41 9 32  87 25 62  233 60 173 1  233 91 142 2  125 49 76 12  85 19 66 7  44 13 31 2  6 4 2 1  5 1 4 4  5 1 4 4  20 20 19  _  _  —  _  _  _  — _  _  _  14 _ 14  _  38 24 14  46 34 12  188 77 111  443 83 360 15  456 93 363 11  151 58 93 13  70 42 28 14  41 26 15 15  35 2 33 33  38 38 38  9 9 9  — -  — _  — -  2 _ 2  92 31 61  59 6 53  78 9 69  169 25 144  184 4 180 3  83 14 69 9  34 15 19 19  39 10 29 29  9 1 8 8  2 2 -  — -  — -  — -  — -  — -  315 63 252 1  278 86 192 3  236 77 159 4  328 92 236 17  188 91 97 3  253 136 117 6  311 144 167 101  114 75 39 31  35 9 26 19  22 10 12 8  27 11 16 15  1 _ 1 1  -  -  -  -  6  24 19 5  47 14 33  119 8 111  46 10 36  140 98 42  159 68 91  44 39 5  28 8 20  12 4 8  18 11 7  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  6  -  -  -  -  -  73  185 37 148  165 26 139  142 39 103  -  -  -  -  188 69 119 15  123 67 56 1  107 35 72 4  107 76 31 25  68 36 32 28  7 1 6 6  10 6 4 4  2,168 668 1,500  38.0 39.0 37.5  449.50 456.50 446.00  441.50 383.50- 512.50 448.50 392.00- 518.00 434.00 376.50- 511.50  _ _  _  _  _  _  1,119 329 790  37.5 39.0 37.0  501.00 498.50 501.50  495.00 441.50- 559.50 494.00 442.00- 555.00 499.00 439.50- 565.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  _  -  837 271 566 46  38.5 39.0 38.0 39.0  408.00 425.50 399.50 458.00  404.50 423.00 398.50 450.50  445.50 470.00 440.00 478.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  202 63 139  37.5 39.0 37.0  339.50 377.50 322.00  345.50 292.00- 391.50 386.00 358.50- 394.00 321.00 279.50- 384.00  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  _ _  3,164 828 2,336 268  38.5 38.5 38.5 39.0  352.50 357.50 350.50 471.50  336.00 356.00 329.50 459.00  290.50287.00292.00401.50-  403.00 416.00 390.00 526.00  .  .  .  .  _  _  _  _  _ _  884 272 612 52  38.0 38.5 38.0 40.0  430.50 427.50 431.50 583.00  416.00 424.00 413.50 613.50  383.00385.00381.00477.00-  466.00 457.50 471.00 695.50  _ _  _  _ _  1,529 439 1,090 148  38.5 38.5 38.5 38.0  337.00 330.00 340.00 461.50  326.50 327.00 326.50 492.50  295.50279.00300.00403.00-  361.00 371.00 356.00 526.00  _ _ _  _ _ _  _  751 117 634 68  39.0 39.0 39.0 40.0  291.50 297.50 290.50 407.50  280.50 269.00 282.00 420.00  258.00222.00259.00395.00-  317.00 362.50 317.00 441.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  2,413 866 1,547 209  38.0 38.5 37.5 39.0  260.50 280.00 249.50 360.50  249.00 275.00 237.00 349.50  203.00222.00200.00325.00-  312.00 334.00 280.00 405.00  17 10 7  26  _  26  65 21 44  197 41 156  _  _  _  _  643 279 364  38.0 38.5 37.5  312.00 327.00 300.50  309.00 258.00- 341.00 318.50 294.00- 362.00 276.50 250.00- 336.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  1,195 394 801 93  37.5 38.0 37.0 39.0  258.00 283.00 246.00 373.50  245.00 272.50 230.00 395.00  3 2 1  73  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts 368.50375.00368.50441.00-  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)..  Computer programmers _  Computer programmers  Computer programmers  Computer operators, class A.......  Computer operators, class B....... Public utilities..........................  208.50241.00201.50339.00-  289.50 336.50 266.00 405.00  _  .  7 -  _  -  -  7 -  _  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6  -  — -  -  — -  — 20 19  9  1  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  9 9  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of — 125 and under 135  145  165  155  135 155  185  205 225  165  245  245  265  265  285  Computer operators, class C....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  575 193 382  38.5 39.0 38.0  207.00 206.00 208.00  190.00 205.00 185.50  173.50- 222.50 180.00- 230.50 171.00- 219.50  “  62 19 43  124 41 83  124 26 98  89 41 48  47 24 23  21  Peripheral equipment operators...... Nonmanufacturing......................  200 180  37.5 38.0  180.50 173.00  169.50 160.50  148.00- 204.50 146.50- 189.50  20 20  16 16  33 33  24 24  21 12  15 6  Computer data librarians................. Non manufacturing......................  158 128  37.0 37.0  218.00 217.50  207.50 206.00  170.00- 255.00 167.00- 255.00  7 7  8 8  25 22  22  12  11  3  Drafters............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,683 1,805 878  40.0 40.0 39.5  317.50 326.50 299.00  307.00 245.00- 384.00 323.50 240.50- 402.00 290.00 250.00- 340.00  -  32 22  77 53 24  100  235 183 52  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  930 708 222  40.0 40.0 40.0  388.00 400.00 351.00  387.00 331.00- 447.00 407.50 365.00- 465.50 347.50 304.50- 376.50  -  Drafters, class B........................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  719 428 291  39^5 40.0 39.0  331.00 342.00 314.50  327.00 275.00- 372.00 337.50 297.50- 390.00 300.00 270.00- 345.00  -  Drafters, class C........................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  711 423 288  39.5 40.0 39.5  256.00 255.00 258.00  243.00 220.00- 280.00 236.00 217.50- 270.00 250.00 226.00- 280.00  -  Drafters, class D........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  297 233 64  40.0 40.0 39.5  217.50 209.00 247.50  209.50 188.50- 242.00 196.00 188.50- 223.00 245.00 234.00- 273.00  Electronics technicians................... Manufacturing............................  1,672 1,351  40.0 40.0  332.50 304.50  Electronics technicians, class A.. Manufacturing.............................  784 612  40.0 40.0  Electronics technicians, class B.. Manufacturing............................  664 521 272 217 55  10  84 16  365  7 7  1  1 1  19 18  14 14  6 6  24  4  20  2  220  202  139 81  97 105  247 121 126  386 211 175  350 184 166  342 295 47  59 33 26  127 81 46  119 29 90  208 189 19  45  1  34 34  155 64 91  111  10 20  74 42 32  166 110  10  96 15  134 106 28  156 116 40  92 32 60  94 37 57  74 46 28  61 43 18  “  63 61 2  33 13  18 7 11  30  4 2  20  327.00 263.00- 390.50 307.00 255.00- 360.00  “  80 80  114 107  156 156  371.50 346.00  360.00 327.00- 421.50 345.00 317.00- 360.00  ■  40.0 40.0  322.50 289.50  288.50 260.00- 399.00 270.00 255.00- 307.50  39.0 39.5 38.0  341.50 340.50  328.00 294.00- 396.00 329.50 299.00- 391.50 327.00 274.50- 396.00  26 16  -  10  30  129 129 -  7  \  20 10  133 133  114 114  56  264 264  318 315  160 160  311 308  103 103  21  68  16 5  59 9  219 180 39  236 208 28  160 145 15  210 192 18  101  259  44  12  23 10  13  160 159  685  485 525  45  6  445  405  19 14 5  15  21 21  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  405  325  285  176  565  605  645  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Av erage (nlean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men Nonmanufacturing...............................................  72 69  36.5 36.0  155.00 148.00  Messengers.............................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  343 130 213  38.0 38.0 37.5  189.50 191.50 188.50  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Stenographers.......................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  1,351 639 712 294  38.5 39.0 38.0 38.5  370 213 157  39 5 40.0 39.5  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  284.50 240.00 299.00 275.50 280.00  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  928 789 139  3&5 38.5 38.5  215.50 218.00 200.00  317 279  38.0 38.0  270.50 275.00  611 510 101  39.0 39.0 39.0  187.00 187.00 185.50  Accounting clerks.................................................... Manufacturing................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities...................................................  4,596 1,915 2,681 186  38.0 38.5 37 0 40.0  206.00 215.50 199.00 334.50  Accounting clerks, class A.................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,899 749 1,150 73  38 0 39.0 37 0 40.0  230.50 241.50 223.50 375.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  2,697 1,166 1,531 113  38.0 38.5 37.0 39.5  188.50 199.00 308.50  Nonmanufacturing................................................  522 371 76  38.0 38.5 37.0 38.0  225.50 233.50 214.00 287.50  Key entry operators................................................ Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing......................................... Public utilities...................................................  3,778 1,407 2,371 304  38.0  205.00 217.00  37.5 39.0  296.00  Key entry operators, class A................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,613 668 945  38.5 39.5 37.5  230.00 238.00 224.50  Key entry operators, class B...............................  2,165 739  186.00 198.50  Public utilities...................................................  142  38.0 38.5 37.5 38.5  248.00  1,633 485 1,148  38.0 39.0 37.5  456.50 470.50 450.50  898 273 625  37.5 39.0 37.0  501.00 501.50 500.50  596 173 423 37  38.0 39.0 38.0 39.0  413.50 442.50 401.50 468.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Order clerks, class B............................ Nonmanufacturing..............................................  Order clerks.............................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  413 336 77  38.5 38.5 38.0  293.00 297.50 273.00  Order clerks, class A............................................. Manufacturing......................................................  333 287  38.5 39.0  306.50 305.00  _  Accounting clerks: Manufacturing......................................................  80  38.5  237.50  386  40.0  363.50  Typists........................................................................ Public utilities....................................................  Accounting clerks, class A: Nonmanufacturing:  Nonmanufacturing................................................  172  40.0  356.50  38 73  39.5  280.50 299.00  Typists, class A..................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities...................................................  271.50 253.50 374.00  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  698 412 286 82  39.0 39 5 38.0 39.0  330.50 316.00 351.00 428.50  Secretaries, class B.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  2,631 1,373 1,258 178  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.0  279.50 279.50 279.50 410.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  3,239 1,553 1,686 107  38.0 38.5 37.5 38.5  258.50 275.50 243.00 321.00  2,660 1,800 860 86  38.5 39.0 37.0 39.5  253.50 255.50 248.50 321.50  993 226 767  37.5 39.0 37.5  209.50 230.00 203.50  Secretaries, class D.............................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................... Secretaries, class E.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  488 91 397  36.5 38.5 36.0  193.50 203.50 191.50  3,149 806 2,343 122 1,223 304 919 80  37.5 39.5 37.0 39.5 38.0 39.5 37.5 39.5  183.50 206.00 176.00 282.50 207.50 244.50 195 50 297.00 168.00 182.50  39.5  255.50  369  38.5 37.0  160.50 191.00 150.00  83  38.0  213.50  450 186 264  37 0 38.0 36.5  198.50 161.50  952 148 804  37.0 38.5 37.0  148.50 163.00 146.00  265 140 125  38.5 39.0 38.0  194.00 189.00 200.00  Switchboard operators.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  446 168 278  38.5 39.0 38.5  209.50 238.00 192.50  Switchboard operatorreceptionists .......................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities....................................................  1,144 548 596 27  38.0 39 0 37.0 39.0  188.50 195.50 182.00 238.50  File clerks, class B................................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  286.50 231.50 283.00  37.5 39.5  Nonmanufacturing................................................  39.0 37.5 39.0  38.5 38.0 38.5  1,926 502  Office occupations -  5,380 4,889 458  426 555 250  8  ’ 42  Number of workers  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business).............................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts (business), class A............................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts  Public utilities...................................................  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business), class C............................................ Nbnmanufacturing............................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Public utilities...................................................  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  136 97  37.0 36.5  352.50 341.50  2,103 476 1,627 196  38 5 38.5 38.5 39.5  365 00 375.50 362.00 481.00  727 180 547 48  38.0 38.5 38.0 40.0  433.50 434 00 433.50 587.00  912 222 690 85  38.5 39.0 38.5 38.5  343.50 351.50 341.00 473.00  464  39.0  299.50  Average (mean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Drafters, class B.................................................... Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  870 671 199  40.0 40.0 40.0  391.00 402.50 351.50  641 388 253  39.5 40.0 39.0  335.00 345.50 318.50  40.0 39.5  264.00 262.50 265.50  40.0 39.5  214 00 248.00  Computer programmers  Computer programmers (business), class B............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Public utilities...................................................  Nonmanufacturing................................................  177 55 Electronics technicians............................................. Manufacturing.......................................................  Computer programmers 390  39.0  298.50  1,684 602 1.082 155  38.0 38.5 37.5 39.5  270.00 300.00 253.50 372.00  Computer operators, class A................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  559 265 294  38.0 38.5 37.5  315.00 328.00 303.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  859 270 589  37.5 38.5 37.0  260.00 294.00 245.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Drafters..................................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  266 67 199 36  38.5 39.0 38.5 39.0  207.50 212.50 205.50 311.50  149  37.5 38.0  185.50 177.00  71 70  37.0 37.0  196.00 196.00  2,329 1,587 742  40.0 40.0 39.5  326.50 336.50 304.50  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  157 92 65  38.0 38.0 37.5  415.50 414.50 416.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Non manufacturing...............................................  617 217 400  38.5 38.0 38.5  328.00 308.50 338.50  Computer programmers (business), class C............................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................  287 244  39.0 38.5  279.00 277.50  661 264 397 54  37.5 38.5 37.0 37.5  232.00 234.50 230.50 328.50  313 124 189 29  37.0 37.5 36.5 37.5  250 50 259.00 244.50 336.00  293 167  38.0 39.0 37.0  206.00 202.50 208.50  87 58  37.0 37.0  235 50 243.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  218 118  40.0 40.0  255.00 253.00 259.00  Drafters, class A...................................................  50  40.0  344.00  78  40.0  298.50  Drafters, class C................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  142 84 58  40.0 40.0 40.0  224.50 222.50 226.50  Drafters, class D................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  65 56  40.0 40.0  201.00 194.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  264 213 51  39.0 39.5 38.0  341.50 340.00 346.50  Computer programmers  Computer programmers  Computer operators.................................................  1,559 1,243  40.0 40.0  337.50 309.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  770 602  40.0 40.0  371.50  448  40.0 40.0  331.00 296.00  Computer operators, class B................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities...................................................  Computer systems analysts 523 183 340  38.0 39.0 37.5  428 50 419.50 433.00  Computer systems analysts 221 56 165  37.5 38.5 37.0  501.00 485.50 506.50  232 98 134  38.5 39.5 38.0  393.50 396.50 391.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class C.............................................  63  38.0  313.00  Public utilities....................................................  1,061 352 709 72  38.5 38.5 38.5 38.0  327.50 333.50 325.00 446.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Computer systems analysts (business), class B............................................. Manufacturing.......................................................  9  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Professional and technical occupations - women  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  339 222  Average (mean*)  r-  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Maintenance carpenters..................  of workers  571  Mean*  9.83  Median*  Middle range*  10.78 8.68-11.27  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.40 and under 3.50 _  3.50  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.50  5.00  5.50  6.00  6.50  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00 10.50  11.00 11.50 12.00  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.50  5.00  5.50  6.00  6.50  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00  10.50 11.00  11.50 12.00  _  _  _  _  8  20  53  24  16 5  61  43  23  31  58  209  25  _  _  _  -  -  -  8  34  23  3  8  9  136  7  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ -  14 14  25 10 15  67 65 2  103 88 15  161 147 14  242 240 2  41 31 10  257 234 23  222 192 30  54 54 -  157 155 2  307 175 132  63 61 2  1 1  1 1  _ -  _ -  4 4  2 2  6 6  2 2  13 13  3 3  6 5 1  17 10 7  23 23 -  64 56 8  11 9 2  2 2  11 11 "  74 72 2  10 10  _  -  1 1  _ _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  11 11  11 11  30 30  72 72  159 159  33 33  110 110  14 14  294 286  231 217  53 47  241 240  235 160  12 12  _ -  34 _  8  14  6  266  9.81  11.27 7.69-11.27  1,717 1,452 265  9.81 9.73 10.29  9.81 8.55-11.19 9.81 8.54-11.01 11.63 9.06-11.95  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  249 186 63  9.55 9.99 8.24  9.42 8.84-11.11 9.44 9.15-11.11 8.13 6.53- 9.69  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing:  1,540 1,402  9.91 9.72  10.08 8.74-11.16 9.86 8.51-11.11  _ -  _ -  _ -  138  11.84  11.95 11.95-11.95  Manufacturing.............................  2,238 2,160  9.21 9.31  9.53 8.32-10.11 9.53 8.38-10.11  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,264 349 915 561  10.33 9.84 10.51 11.21  10.54 9.99 11.13 11.24  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  899 832  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  -  _  13  Nonmanufacturing......................  -  _  20  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  -  _  12.50  12.50 13.00 and 13.00 over  -  -  75  • 34  Maintenance mechanics _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  8  9.63-11.51 8.92-11.37 9.63-11.65 11.13-12.27  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10.06 9.97  10.28 8.92-11.11 10.28 8.84-11.11  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  167 154  9.38 9.31  8.75 8.36-11.01 8.65 8.08-11.01  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Millwrights........................................ Manufacturing.............................  544 544  10.01 10.01  10.98 8.49-11.24 10.98 8.49-11.24  _ -  Maintenance trades helpers........... Manufacturing.............................  621 417  8.15 8.20  8.46 7.32- 9.63 8.46 7.10- 9.63  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  326 326  9.25 9.25  9.18 8.21-10.01 9.18 8.21-10.01  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing.............................  1,205 1,195  10.20 10.20  9.89 9.18-11.77 9.89 9.17-11.77  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  799 509 290 137  9.14 9.12 9.16 10.86  7.87-10.64 7.81-10.64 7.87-11.45 10.23-11.45  _  _  _  _  _  _  24  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  24 -  -  -  -, -  -  -  259 Boiler tenders.................................. 243 Manufacturing............................. * All workers were at $13.00 to $13.50. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  8.12 8.03  7.98 6.64-10.09 7.98 6.64-10.09  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 -  1 -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9.17 9.17 8.38 11.45  _ -  _ "  _ -  4 4  _  -  2 -  28 28  _  _  _  _  *  -  -  -  -  24  51 51  69 61  59 38  182 180  71 71  179 177  172 168  302 302  346 346  324 324  227 218  118 118  44 44  -  62 62  -  8 8 -  24 24 24  24 17 7 -  3 3 -  -  -  20 10 10 -  75 12 63 7  93 93 -  30 18 12 12  246 30 216 8  78 35 43 33  97 30 67 39  243 36 207 207  137 68 69 45  140 140 140  46 46 46  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  8 8  54 54  12 12  48 48  109 104  18 13  100 96  160 151  78 78  176 176  134 90  _  _  -  -  2 2  _  _ -  _ "  _  8 8  11 11  11 11  23 23  33 33  9 -  2 2  20 20  1 1  40 39  9 6  _ -  _ -  _  6 6  41 41  21 21  20 20  18 18  8 8  70 70  270 270  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  90 90  _  _  14 14  13 7  49 40  81 59  68 34  32 6  66 -  188 181  19 19  _  _  _  _  -  30 1  _  -  27 24  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  45 45  53 53  20 20  67 67  30 30  12 12  28 28  13 13  _  -  17 17  _  -  29 29  _  -  12 12  -  -  -  _  _  86 86  348 348  130 125  67 67  120 115  40 40  325 325  20 20  _  -  55 55  _  -  14 14  -  -  31 24 7 -  64 47 17 -  49 12 37 -  100 41 59 15  57 54 3 1  60 58 2 -  50 36 14  63 31 32 28  64 64  123 45 78 78  59 44 15 15  _  _  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  53 51 2 -  -  -  51 51  2 2  27 27  25 25  37 37  _  26 26  12 7  6 6  66 58  4 4  _  1 -  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  10  _  -  -  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Hourly earn ngs (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean’  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  9,215 2,227 6,988 3,606  10.16 9.53 10.36 11.60  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..........................  813 129  Truckdrivers, medium truck..........  Median*  11.40 9.34 11.45 12.04  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.10 and under 3.60  3.60  4.10  4.60  5.10  5.60  6.10  6.60  7.10  7.60  8.10  8.60  9.10  9.60  10.10  10.60  4.10  4.60  5.10  5.60  6.10  6.60  7.10  7.60  8.10  8.60  9.10  9.60  10.10  10.60  11.10 11.60  8.91-11.55 9.34-10.97 8.81-12.04 11.45-12.04  4 4 -  108 7 101 -  393 21 372 -  58 45 13 -  59 40 19 1  57 21 36 2  73 39 34 3  240 75 165 2  180 33 147 2  233 55 178 3  40 17 23 22  934 94 840 73  5.42 6.38  4.50 4.25- 7.00 6.97 5.46- 7.10  4 _  107 7  393 21  9 2  27 19  2  10 9  171 37  13 12  7  22 6  30 10  59  9.14  8.74 8.19-11.41  -  -  -  -  1  2  -  2  1  1  16  18  -  -  -  1,689  8.96  9.34 7.64- 9.34  -  -  -  33  29  52  39  34  149  195  7  9  856  46  3  1 1  _  _ _ -  _  _  4 4  2 2  30  48  75  _ -  19 19  2  _ -  30  48  7  3 3 -  . _ _ -  17 17 _ -  _ _ -  4 3 1 -  4 4  787 52 735  42 42  176 38 138  35 35  12 12  39 34 5  1  3  1  3 14 4 10  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  600 151 449  10.76 9.82 11.07  11.55 9.63-11.55 9.63 9.63-11.55 11.55 11.49-11.55  _ -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........... Manufactunng............................ Nonmanufacturing .................... Public utilities..........................  4,470 405 4,065 2,473  10.98 10.67 11.01 11.61  11.45 11.55 11.45 11.55  10.61-11.55 9.54-12.04 10.61-11.55 11.45-12.04  _ -  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing............................. Non manufacturing......................  412 331 01  6.74 6.69 6.94  6.41 6.41 6.61  5.62- 7.32 5.90- 7.32 5.35- 8.10  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  668 348 320  7.42 6.98 7.89  7.39 5.85- 9.03 6.81 5.52- 8.20 8.48 5.85- 9.22  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  507 309 198  6.98 6.37 7.93  6.74 5.80- 7.96 5.94 5.38- 7.27 7.73 6.98- 8.80  Warehousemen................................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  3,716 1,425 2,291  7.21 6.97 7.36  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,826 590 1,236  Shipping packets.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  -  2  -  946 888 58 9  212 108 104 53  257 109 148  576 357 219 219  11.10 11.60  12.10  12.10 12.60  12.60  13.10 13.60 14.10 and 14.10 over  13.10 13.60  2738 181 2557 1372  2077 1940 1845  -  -  -  -  -  18  -  -  _  _  _  _  32  155  20  _  _  _  _  30  -  361  -  -  _  _  _  _  219  2104  219 219  1312  929  -  -  -  -  -  6  7  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  7  64  6  64  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  38  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  3 3 -  7 7 -  _ -  20 20 -  12 12 -  63 29 34  46 46 -  63 63 -  71 46 25  7 7 -  29 17 12  12 12  68 53 15  38 20 18  47 9 38  16 6 10  95 80 15  64 45 19  33 21 12  45 26 19  69  _ -  _ _ -  2 2 -  67 51 16  36 34 2  107 105 2  25 7 18  74 30 44  33 18 15  44 18 26  49 34 15  22 1 21  1 1  -  7.21 6.00- 7.96 6.94 5.67- 8.02 7.21 6.55- 7.96  28 28  19 15 4  142 78 64  248 90 158  209 95 114  291 198 93  445 171 274  104 100 4  945 59 886  539 329 210  179 102 77  130 92 38  2 2  53 51 2  223 43 180  128 128  -  31  -  -  7.94 6.57 8.60  8.31 5.49-10.52 6.09 5.20- 8.00 8.31 5.93-10.52  -  _ -  238 143 95  120 120  125 49 76  188 104 84  41 36 5  68 54 14  46 20 26  83 83  260  36 36  45 45  122  3  27  42  21  -  298 20 278  122  3  27  42  21  15  30  18  1,046 739 307  6.10 6.55 5.03  6.15 4.84- 6.91 6.15 5.12- 7.89 5.26 3.86- 5.95  79 8 71  35 23 12  111 71 40  108 78 30  57 22 35  96  181  122  27  87  38  56  38  2  14  7  2  -  -  _  _  _  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  5,334 2,946 2,388 905  7.18 6.22 8.36 11.24  319 54 265 -  306 144 162 -  264 228 36 -  244 225 19 -  58 34 24 -  1376 1354 22 -  135 58 77 -  616  75  168  303 -  26 -  -  -  -  -  -  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  3,861 2,626 1,235  8.17 7.78 8.99  8.08 7.25- 9.13 7.65 6.82- 8.40 9.13 7.25-10.42  _  _  -  -  8 4 4  9 2 7  142 142 -  562 435 127  164 164 -  Guards.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  7,935 1,022 6,913  4.00 7.25 3.52  3.20 3.10- 3.85 7.44 5.83- 8.74 3.17 3.10- 3.40  190 105 85  141 63 78  402 127 275  95 29 66  127 58 69  6.45 6.00 8.96 11.72  5.99- 8.96 5.85- 6.97 6.48-11.23 11.13-12.04  -  -  22 2 20  5491  642 2 640  209 71 138  -  5491  See footnote* at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  -  -  69  260  65 7 58 13 25 25 60 59 1  56  18  31  116  577  176  70  119 86  34  383 28  81  3  738 498 240  295 232 63  607 606 1  125 117 8  418 119 299  136 134 2  202 155 47  46 31 15  58 49 9  108 108  116 116  80 80  -  -  -  -  -  32  265  537  32 4  265 250  537  372 171 201  162  4  97  162  4  97  -  -  -  -  -  24 24  3 3  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  3.10 and under 3.60  3.60  4.10  4.60  5.10  5.60  6.10  6.60  7.10  7.60  8.10  8.60  9.10  9.60  10.10 10.60  4.10  4.60  5.10  5.60  6.10  6.60  7.10  7.60  8.10  8.60  9.10  9.60  10.10 10.60  11.10 11.60 12.10  Guards, class A............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  557 298 259  7.03 8.19 5.70  7.31 5.56- 8.74 8.74 7.44- 9.68 6.00 4.50- 6.63  14 14  44 44  11 11  53 38 15  20 20  27 27  34 4 30  53 53  107 72 35  11 1 10  30 30  65 65  10 10  75 75  -  3 3  Guards, class B............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing.......................  7,376 724 6,652  3.77 6.87 3.43  3.17 3.10- 3.65 6.77 5.55- 8.22 3.15 3.10- 3.35  5477 5477  598 2 596  198 71 127  137 67 70  121 63 58  375 127 248  61 25 36  74 58 16  95 83 12  35 30 5  26 19 7  43 43  106 106  5 5  24 24  -  Janitors, porters, and cleaners....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  10,262 3,614 6,648 455  5.46 6.77 4.75 7.27  5.13 7.01 4.60 7.33  4.355.764.206.95-  915 37 878 6  668 164 504 4  2277 359 1918 15  1262 75 1187 8  1562 174 1388 5  453 289 164 15  553 477 76 5  556 368 188 73  729 547 182 181  146 68 78 78  576 519 57 37  317 298 19 19  171 171 “  76 68 8 8  -  6.66 8.12 5.19 7.75  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  -  11.10 11.60  -  1 1 1  12.10 12.60 13.10 13.60 14.10 and 12.60 13.10 13.60 14.10 over  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  - ' “  -  *  ~  -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerptant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters.......................................................  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities................................................................ Maintenance mechanics (machinery)........................................................................ Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)..................................................................  Stationary engineers.............................................................. Manufacturing................................................................... 546 301 245  9.81 9.84 9.78  1 681 M38 243  9 80 9.71 10.32  241 183 58  9.56 9.97 8.27  1,402  9.91 9.72  138  11.84  2,192 2,114  10.32 9.84 10.51 11.21  876 809  10.03 9.94  Maintenance sheet-metal workers........................................  166 153  9.37 9.30  Millwrights.............................................................................. Manufacturing...:...............................................................  544 544  10.01 10.01  Maintenance trades helpers.................................................  617 417  8.15 8.20  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)....................................... Manufacturing...................................................................  326 326  9.25 9.25  Manufacturing...................................................................  1,205 1,195  10.20 10.20  Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities................................................................  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer................................................. Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Public utilities................................................................  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  781 498 283 134  9.09 9.08 9.12 10.85  254 243  8.09 8.03  9,018 2,227 6,791 3,574  10 13 9.53  805 129  5 40 6.38  51  9.45  1,647  8.85  11.61  600 151 449  9 82 11.07  4,377 405 3,972 2,473  10.97 10.67 11.01 11.61  354 312  6.77 6.68  309  7.27  440 302  6 87 6.35  3,530 1,390 2,140  7.23 6.94 7.41  564  6.61  Receivers:  Manufacturing...................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Material handling laborers..................................................... Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities................................................................  occupations - men  9.17 9.27  1,240 349 891 561  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  13  Guards.................................................................................... Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  769 645  6.41 6.65  4,434 2,902  7.14 6.22  905  11.24  3,436 2,572  7.99 7.77  7,104 997 6,107  4.04 7.26 3.52  509 293 216  7.08 8.19 5.57  6,593 704 5,889  3 81 6.87 3.44  6,821 3,004 3,817 291  5.67 6 73 4.84 7.23  32  10.37  94  5.80  601  6.94  164  7.35  Material movement and custodial occupations - women T ruckdrivers:  Shipping packers: Manufacturing................................................................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities................................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., selected periods All industries Period5  Indexes (November 1977=100): November 1979................................................................................................. November 1980................................................................................................. Percent increases: November 1972 to November 1973................................................................ November 1973 to November 1974................................................................ November 1974 to November 1975................................................................ November 1975 to November 1976................................................................ November 1976 to November 1977................................................................ November 1977 to November 1978................................................................ November 1978 to November 1979................................................................ November 1979 to November 1980................................................................  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  115.1 125.8  114.8 125.6  118.7 129.5  117.6 129.5  119.6 131.3  116.0 126.9  114.9 124.3  119.8 130.1  118.6 130.8  120.6 133.7  114.4 124.9  115.5 126.9  114.6 127.1  118.9 129.5  5.9 9.0 7.9 7.1 7.1 6.7 7.9 9.3  9.1 8.1 6.7 7.4 6.2 8.1 9.4  o  7.2 10.7 8.6 8.3 8.7 8.5 9.4 9.1  7.1 9.5 9.5 8.8 8.1 8.1 8.8 10.1  9.3 10.1 9.2 6.8 7.2 8.7 10.0 9.8  6.5 9.8 8.3 7.4 8.7 70 8.4 9.4  10.5 6.8 8.0 8.1 6.7 7.7 8.2  o  7.1 10.8 8.5 8.5 8.5 9.0 9.9 8.6  7.0 9.9 10.3 8.7 8.4 8.5 9.3 10.3  8.2 10.8 10.2 8.7 7.5 9.6 10.0 10.9  5.4 8.4 7.6 6.9 5.7 6.5 7.4 9.2  o 8.4 8.8 6.0 6.6 5.7 9.3 9.9  6.1 10.5 8.6 7.5 9.5 6.7 7.4 10.9  10.5 9.4 8.3 5.5 6.9 7.9 10.2 8.9  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for office clerical occupations, Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Office clerical occupation being compared  Occupation which equals 100  Tran­ Stenographers scrib­ Typists File clerks ing Class Class Class Class Class Gener­ ma­ Class Class Class Class Class Senior chine A B C D E al A B A C B typists Secretaries  Secretaries, class A................................................................................................... 100 Secretanes. class B................................................................................................... 122 100 Secretaries, class C................................................................................................... 138 115 100 Secretanes, class D................................................................................................... 141 123 113 100 Secretanes, class E................................................................................................... 173 145 125 119 100 Stenographers, senior............................................................................................... 151 130 114 117 c) 100 Stenographers, general............................................................................................. 155 139 113 127 118 122 Transcribing-machine typists..................................................................................... 166 134 128 114 98 121 Typists, class A......................................................................................................... 170 124 141 118 121 109 Typists, class B......................................................................................................... 191 165 146 140 127 126 File clerks, class A..................................................................................................... 153 147 123 122 <*> 108 File clerks, class B..................................................................................................... 182 151 136 125 126 120 File clerks, class C..................................................................................................... 220 192 161 150 125 Messengers............................................................................................................... 187 164 145 137 135 131 Switchboard operators.............................................................................................. 145 127 122 110 112 106 Switchboard operatorreceptionists.......................................................................................................... 158 138 125 114 109 130 Order clerks, class A................................................................................ 105 94 76 86 Order clerks, class B ............................................................................................... 158 138 124 <•) 114 114 Accounting clerks, class A....................................................................................... 145 124 110 101 92 103 Accounting clerks, class B........................................................................................ 167 139 128 118 116 105 Payroll clerks............................................................................................................. 150 125 109 111 104 97 Key entry operators, class A..................................................................................... 149 126 113 109 98 101 Key entry operators, class B..................................................................................... 168 148 133 128 117 117 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings within establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the column heading are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the table stub at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  o o  o  100 103 107 113 c) 105 119 111 99 109 73 97 89 106 90 98 109  14  100 95 118 102 123 133 114 95  100 117 113 113 129 111 94  96 63  99 82  0  c)  100 93 99 111 104 85  100 123 118 118 102  100 121 106 84  100 89 80  Switch­ Accounting Key entry Switch­ board Order clerks Mes­ clerks operators board opera­ Payroll sen­ opera­ tor Class Class Class Class clerks Class Class gers tors -recep­ A A B B A B tionists  100 86  100  87 97 84 77 82 96 100 69 c) c) 67 c) 88 69 100 89 95 77 89 94 102 147 100 86 88 74 85 74 72 78 93 84 118 85 100 97 104 91 100 91 84 86 104 102 151 101 122 100 88 91 80 91 83 71 79 97 92 113 87 106 90 100 94 97 82 90 86 74 83 99 95 124 89 107 93 106 100 100 114 92 107 93 83 86 107 106 152 108 121 106 119 122 100 the left in the stub. Similarly, a value of 85 indicates earnings for the occupation in the heading are 15 percent below earnings for the occupation in the stub. See appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables'.  o  Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for professional and technical occupations, Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Professional and technical occupation being compared Occupation which equals 100  Corr puter syst ems anal ysts (busin ess) Class A  Computer systems analysts (business), class A............. Computer systems analysts (business), class B............. Computer systems analysts (business), class C.............. Computer programmers (business), class A.............. Computer programmers (business), class B............. Computer programmers (business), class C.............. Computer operators, class A... Computer operators, class B.. Computer operators, class C.. Peripheral equipment operators............................. Computer data librarians........ Drafters, class A..................... . Drafters, class B..................... . Drafters, class C...................... Drafters, class D..................... Electronics technicians, class A................................. Electronics technicians, class B.. Registered industrial nurses..  Class B  Computer programmers (busi­ ness)  Class C  Class A  Class B  Class C  Class A  Class B  100 107 128 149  100 121 144  100 125  100  121 117 74 89 99 125  124 99 59 73 80 117 75  o o  o  (*>  Drafters  Electronics techni­ Regis­ cians tered in­ dustrial Class A Class B nurses  Class B  Class C  Class D  100 118 139 166  100 121 145  100 122  100  69  112  96  81  65  100  o  135 122  114 108  88 83  74 70  115 113  100 121  100  142  120  120  102  84  100  147  127  105  130  100  167 165 186 230  142 141 171 213  <•) 115 140 180  152 146 176 214  120 121 139 171  283 229 120 146 185 <•)  225 227 101 123 148 173  0  203 232 107 126 161 <•>  177 189 85 108 124 168  133  107  108  117  107  1£i  112 106  147 134  133 109  149 150  126  100  160 97  o o o '  103  153 143 84 99 115  o  c)  86  84  87  o  96 102  90 87  o o c) 93  94  Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Peripher­ Comput­ al equiper data Class C erators librarians Class A  Computer operators  15  71  100 98  o  <•> 92  o  100 73 84  o o 78  100 112  100  Table A-10. Average pay relationships within establishments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupation being compared Mechanics  Occupation which equals 100 Carpenters Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Maintenance carpenters....................................................................................... Maintenance electricians...................... -............................................................. Maintenance painters........................................................................................... Maintenance machinists ..................................................................................... Maintenance mechanics (machinery)........................................................................................................ Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)................................................................................................. Maintenance pipefitters........................................................................................ Maintenance sheet-metal Maintenance trades helpers................................................................................. Machine-tool operators  Motor vehicles  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  100 98 103 96  100 106 100  100 94  100  100  102  94  100  100  101 99  101 101  97 96  100 102  101 100  100 100  100  98 98 124  101 102 128  102  102 « 121  100 100 122  100 101 130  97 93 97 106  105 93 101 109  102 94 102 106  105  101 94 101 108  99 88 100 109  99 99 129  101 102 128  101 100 95 93 102 103 Stationary engineers............................................................................................. 108 109 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  o 123  o 101 103  Trades helpers  Machinetool Tool and operators die makers (toolroom)  100 0  100  105 95 101  86 68 76  100 94 103  o  o  o  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  100 105  100  Class B  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  100 108 112  Table A-11. Average pay relationships within establishments for material movement and custodial occupations, Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Material movement and custodial occupation being compared Truckdrivers  Occupation which equals 100 Light truck Truckdrivers, light truck................................................................... Truckdrivers, medium truck............................................................ Truckdrivers, heavy truck................................................................ Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer............................................................. Shippers........................................................................................... Receivers........................................................................................ Shippers and receivers................................................................... Warehousemen............................................................................... Order fillers...................................................................................... Shipping packers............................................................................ Material handling laborers.............................................................. Forklift operators............................................................................  100  Guards, class B............................................................................... Janitors, porters, and  116  c) c> c)  115 102 c)  103 114 113 106 104 o  Medium truck  Heavy truck  100 « 109 132 127 114  100 98 115 110  o  163  0 120 137 118 109  o  0 117 166  o  «  c)  o  156 149 126 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tractortrailer  Shippers  Receivers  Shippers and receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Guards Forklift operators  Class A  100 c)  100 106  100  0 167 140 105 114 106 133 109 156  o  o  104 101 114 133 103 113 124  103 117 111 118 99 120 118  167  121  116  16  100 105  98  100 104 111 102 100 115 136  100 101 91 99 96 109  100 92 90 94 105  100 97 106 119  100 112 126  100 116  100  119  119  107  107  108  115  108  105  c)  126 115 99 o  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-targe establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly eeirnings (in doll< jrs)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  115 and under 125  125  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  6,514 3,688 2,826 386  38.5 39.0 38.0 39.0  278.50 289.00 264.50 398.00  267.00 287.00 242.00 388.00  220.00235.00205.00358.00-  324.50 332.00 307.50 450.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  488 312 176 86  39.0 39.5 38.5 39.0  344.50 328.00 374.00 431.50  344.50 336.00 381.50 428.00  294.50276.00312.00388.00-  388.50 369.50 435.00 466.00  _ -  _  _  -  -  Secretaries, class B..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,605 853 752 170  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.0  296.00 299.00 293.00 417.00  284.00 307.00 260.50 397.00  241.00257.00233.00371.50-  337.00 337.00 354.50 450.00  _  _ -  _  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,846 1,060 786 63  38.5 39.0 37.5 39.0  271.00 293.50 240.50 351.00  258.50 296.50 223.50 355.50  217.00240.00197.50319.50-  310.50 325.00 270.00 384.00  _ -  _  _  -  -  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,705 1,224 481 62  39.0 39.0 38.0 40.0  274.50 278.00 266.00 360.50  267.00 270.00 249.00 342.00  221.00227.00204.50307.50-  314.50 318.50 309.50 436.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing.............................  645 223  38.0 39.0  218.00 230.50  205.00 211.50  183.00- 240.00 185.00- 277.00  _  _  _  -  -  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,070 538 532 302  39.0 39.5 38.5 38.5  280.00 299.00 260.50 303.00  271.50 208.00- 369.50 308.00 234.00- 369.50 233.00 195.00- 317.00 316.50 216.50- 368.50  _  -  12 12 -  Stenographers, senior................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  360 213 147  40.0 40.0 39.5  277.00 280.00 272.50  261.00 215.00- 310.50 277.50 218.00- 308.00 240.00 212.00- 370.00  _  _  -  -  Stenographers, general............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  710 325 385 258  38.5 39.0 38.5 38.5  281.00 311.00 256.00 288.50  280.00 203.00- 369.50 369.50 244.50- 369.50 229.00 188.00- 316.50 316.50 216.00- 347.50  _ -  12 12 -  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  167 50 117  37.5 38.5 37.0  210.00 239.50 197.50  201.00 175.00- 234.00 234.00 218.00- 238.00 185.00 166.00- 219.00  _  .  -  _  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,789 617 1,172 120  38.5 39.5 37.5 40.0  191.00 214.50 179.00 298.00  172.00 151.00- 205.00 200.00 165.00- 260.00 163.00 150.00- 189.00 323.50 233.50- 359.50  Typists, class A............................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  734 262 472 82  38.5 40.0 38.0 40.0  215.50 250.50 196.00 315.50  194.00 164.50- 261.00 257.50 203.00- 294.00 172.00 155.00- 203.50 359.50 259.50- 361.50  26 8 18 -  61 14 47 -  372 118 254 -  660 280 380 -  701 302 399 4  739 367 372 5  630 349 281 7  551 346 205 8  600 449 151 7  573 415 158 26  350 280 70 11  288 172 116 50  590 427 163 101  203 104 99 65  100 44 56 46  62 5 57 5$  6 6 -  -  _  _  23 17 6 -  25 16 9 -  28 16 12 -  50 35 15  57 43 14  37 23 14 5  110 82 28 23  43 16 27 21  4  2  -  21 16 5 -  19  -  28 26 2 -  27  -  14 11 3 -  25 22  16 15  -  -  _  38 27 11 -  88 35 53 -  127 41 86 -  191 62 129 -  199 91 108 -  163 72 91 1  108 78 30 1  175 155 20 2  154 137 17  114 69 45 33  96 28 68 53  80 38 42 34  26  43  -  3 3 -  11 5  41  -  -  4 4 -  19 19 -  123 30 93 -  197 67 130 -  236 79 157 -  228 114 114 5  158 93 65 1  124 75 49 2  271 228 43 3  130 109 21 8  54 36 18 9  78 45 33 8  162 134 28 21  28 21 7 2  32 27 5 4  2 2 -  11 1 10 -  68 26 42 -  196 123 73 -  186 123 63 2  192 154 38 -  181 133 48 3  198 170 28 5  150 113 37 3  159 95 64 16  66 58 8 2  44 31 13 4  189 168 21 4  48 27 21 8  15  -  20 6  24 10  127 35  145 44  103 31  83 21  48 15  22 13  19 14  28 21  6 6  9 4  11 3  6 6 -  6 2 4 -  19 7 12 -  85 20 65 12  122 46 76 41  118 48 70 28  71 35 36 12  77 33 44 14  56 42 14 10  39 28 11 10  95 43 52 50  27 7 20 18  43 21 22 19  248 193 55 55  6 _ 6  _  2 2  14 8 6  46 34 12  43 13 30  37 17 20  42 17 25  26 22 4  20 19 1  41 41  7 7  5 3 2  28 19 9  37 7 30  6 6  _ _ -  6 2 4  17 7 10 -  71 12 59 11  76 12 64 40  75 35 40 27  34 18 16 11  35 16 19 14  30 20 10 10  19 9 10 10  54 2 52 50  20  38 18 20 18  220 174 46 46  1  2  1 1  20  1  31  _  _ 1  31  24 14 10  29 16 13  11 2 9  5 2 3  6 6  3  20  32 9 23  1 1  -  4 _ 4  3  32 14 18 -  53 16 37 "  176 28 148 -  250 30 220 *  258 63 195 "  314 96 218 4  258 92 166 7  80 27 53 15  78 55 23 12  73 55 18 11  , 31 27 4 4  1 1 -  1 _ 1 -  47 2 45 -  67 3 64 -  68 6 62 -  143 19 124 2  97 37 60 2  49 16 33 11  37 21 16 5  50 45 5 2  30 27 3 3  -  -  .  _ -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  17  _  20 18  2 2  2  -  -  -  15 15  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  38 7 31 31  8 6 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  87 82 5  25 16 9 9  9 2 7 7  46 1 45 45  19 13 6 6  -  -  -  -  -  67 66 1  20 16 4 4  9 2 7 7  40  8 2 6 6  -  -  -  -  -  40 40  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range*  115 and under 125  125  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  188.50 200.00 179.00 312.00  31 14 17 -  52 16 36 -  129 26 103 -  183 27 156  190 57 133 -  171 77 94 2  161 55 106 5  31 11 20 4  41 34 7 7  23 10 13 9  1 1 1  20 16 4 -  5 5 5  _  6 1 5 5  11 11 -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  138.00- 195.00 170.00- 310.00 137.00- 186.50  29 2 27  104 2 102  96 8 88  105 4 101  41 10 31  82 22 60  128 7 121  28 9 19  19 10 9  5 5 -  6 6 -  14 10 4  15 15 -  6 6 -  7 7 -  11 9 2  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  169.00  145.00- 284.00  2  -  18  12  2  8  3  1  4  3  4  8  -  -  -  10  -  -  -  -  -  158.00 225.50 150.00  147.00- 199.50 170.00- 310.00 145.00- 172.00  6 2 4  24 2 22  22 2 20  60 60  24 6 18  25 12 13  35 3 32  10 6 4  5 5 -  2 2 -  _  6 2 4  12 12 -  6 6 -  6 6 "  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  165.00 161.00  161.00 148.00  134.00- 187.00 134.00- 186.50  21 21  80 80  52 46  25 21  15 11  49 43  90 88  17 15  10 6  _  2  _  3  _  1  1  _  _  _  _  _  38.5 39.0 38.0  198.50 196.00 200.50  167.00 175.00 161.00  146.00- 233.00 147.50- 242.00 144.00- 213.00  7  44 22 22  62 20 42  74 25 49  38 14 24  56 24 32  35 13 22  27 16 11  21 11 10  19 19 "  13 13 -  _  15 14 1  13 13  20 20  22 2 20  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  312 126 186  39.0 39.5 39.0  230.00 259.00 210.00  211.50 166.00- 286.00 267.50 210.50- 296.50 179.00 152.00- 238.00  _  23 4 19  9 9  23 23  23 7 16  40 4 36  31 15 16  22 9 13  15 6 9  19 16 3  24 21 3  16 14 2  18 17 1  22 22  22 9 13  5 4 1  _  _  _  _  _  -  “  “  -  -  Switchboard operatorreceptionists............................. Manufacturing........................  156 107  39.5 40.0  221.50 233.50  209.00 180.00- 250.00 225.50 192.50- 260.00  Order clerks................................. Manufacturing........................  255 234  39.5 39.5  231.00 235.00  200.00 200.00  Order clerks, class A................ Manufacturing........................  80 69  39.0 39.5  Order clerks, class B............... Manufacturing........................  175 165  Accounting clerks........................ Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Public utilities.....................  Typists, class B.......................... Manufacturing........................ NonmanCffacturing.................. Public utilities......................  1,055 355 700 38  38.0 39.5 37.5 39.5  174.00 187.50 167.50 261.00  161.00 149.00174.00 159.00159.00 148.00258.50 217.50-  File clerks..................................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. .  696 132 564  37.5 39.0 37.5  176.00 240.00 161.00  159.00 227.00 149.50  File clerks, class A.................. .  75  38.0  215.00  File clerks, class B.................. . Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. .  243 66 177  37.0 39.0 36.5  182.50 239.50 161.50  File clerks, class C.................. Nonmanufacturing.................  366 331  38.0 37.5  Messengers................................. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................  466 193 273  Switchboard operators............... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing..................  -  7  -  -  -  -  .  .  .  24 16  23 8  23 20  21 18  14 10  11 7  8 8  6 6  .  .  .  .  -  5 5  .  -  14 9  .  -  7 -  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  164.00- 290.50 165.00- 293.50  _  8 -  7 6  28 26  26 24  40 39  35 32  8 8  2 2  _  13 13  31 31  16 14  14 12  6 6  16 16  5 5  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  315.50 331.50  309.50 288.00- 369.50 314.00 288.00- 375.50  _  2  _  2  2  1  _  _  _  _  _  26 26  16 14  4 2  6 6  16 16  5 5  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  39.5 39.5  192.50 194.50  175.00 159.00- 200.00 175.00 163.00- 200.00  6 -  7 6  26 26  24 24  39 39  35 32  8 8  2 2  _  5 5  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  10 10  _  -  13 13  _  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  2,372 1,030 1,342 253  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  248.50 285.00 220.50 358.00  215.00 175.00269.50 197.00195.00 162.50381.50 332.50-  313.00 397.00 238.00 402.50  6 6 -  41 4 37 -  107 11 96 -  136 30 106 -  148 47 101 -  315 100 215 -  322 107 215 5  216 52 164 20  171 86 85 6  116 52 64 4  92 64 28 10  76 63 13 9  57 55 2 2  39 23 16 14  37 29 8 6  355 212 143 141  85 53 32 30  35 24 11 6  18 18 -  _  _  -  -  Accounting clerks, class A...... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Public utilities.....................  1,097 470 627 85  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  258.00 292.00 232.50 391.50  222.50 190.00- 312.00 279.50 202.00- 357.00 205.00 181.50- 255.00 402.50 393.50- 402.50  _  _  34 10 24 -  39 14 25 -  164 33 131 -  198 66 132 -  130 33 97 -  72 30 42 1  78 23 55 "  47 27 20 2  34 28 6 2  52 50 2 2  22 20 2 -  33 29 4 2  85 16 69 67  54 49 5 3  35 24 11 6  18 18 -  _  -  2 2 -  _  -  -  -  Accounting clerks, class B...... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Public utilities.....................  1,275 560 715 168  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  240.50 279.50 210.00 341.00  204.50 160.00263.00 190.00177.00 150.00381.50 286.50-  326.50 397.00 225.00 389.50  6 6 -  41 4 37 -  105 11 94 -  102 20 82 -  109 33 76 -i  151 67 84 -  124 41 83 5  86 19 67 20  99 56 43 5  38 29 9 4  45 37 8 8  42 35 7 7  5 5 -  17 3 14 14  4 4 4  270 196 74 74  31 4 27 27  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Payroll clerks............................... Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Public utilities..................... See footnotes at end of tables.  504 286 218 60  38.5 39.5 38.0 38.5  253.00 268.00 233.50 320.00  232.00 189.00- 312.00 249.00 200.00- 310.50 211.50 174.50- 316.50 325.00 316.50- 325.00  2  5  -  -  20 6 14 -  12 2 10 -  19 9 10 -  58 27 31 1  70 41 29 1  46 22 24 6  32 21 11 1  56 39 17 2  31 29 2 "  23 17 6 1  21 12 9 9  42 9 33 30  10 4 6 -  20 18 2 2  21 19 2 2  11 6 5 5  2 2  2 2  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  2 -  .  5 “  18  -  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments In Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly efirnings (in doll irs)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,063 719 1,344 223  38.5 39.5 38.5 39.5  223.50 236.00 217.00 326.00  205.00 179.50218.00 187.00198.50 172.50366.00 287.00-  Key entry operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,205 404 801  39.0 39.5 38.5  241.00 254.00 235.00  225.00 237.50 221.00  Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  858 315 543 78  38.5 39.0 38.0 39.0  199.00 213.00 191.00 266.00  190.50 166.00205.00 180.00180.50 157.50268.50 207.50-  115 and under 125  125  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  135  145  155  165  185  205  225  245  265  285  305  325  345  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  247.50 275.00 240.50 366.00  2 2 -  7 2 5 -  59 8 51 -  119 12 107 -  95 13 82 3  365 132 233 4  355 120 235 10  264 99 165 15  265 71 194 6  121 59 62 7  77 43 34 11  80 61 19 19  16 11 5 3  7 6 1  190.00- 274.50 193.00- 296.00 187.00- 247.00  _  _  -  -  4 4  44 4 40  38 6 32  172 61 111  187 61 126  156 49 107  211 37 174  58 18 40  56 27 29  58 55 3  12 10 2  2 2 -  7 2 5 -  55 8 47 -  75 8 67 -  57 7 50 3  193 71 122 4  168 59 109 9  108 50 58 15  54 34 20 1  63 41 22 5  21 16 5 5  22 6 16 16  4 1 3 3  221.00 242.00 206.50 306.50  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  69 48 21 17  157 31 126 126  3 3  7 6 1  40 36 4  157 31 126  3 3  -  29 12 17 17  -  -  2 2 2  -  -  -  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2  /  19  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand-  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  135 and under 145  145  155  165  175  185  205  225  245  265  285  325  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  645  685  155  165  175  185  205  225  245  265  285  325  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  645  685  725  Computer systems analysts 1,550 487 1,063  38.0 39.0 37.5  466.00 461.50 468.00  457.00 399.50- 535.00 452.00 405.00- 519.00 460.00 394.50- 539.00  829 244 585  37.5 39.0 37.0  523.50 503.50 532.00  523.00 461.00- 575.50 502.50 447.00- 552.00 527.50 466.50- 601.50  583 183 400  38.5 39.0 38.5  415.50 433.50 407.00  133 60 73  38.5 39.0 37.5  2,167 425 1,742 246  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  5  15  11  5  15  11  54 8 46  98 30 68  245 83 162  257 108 149  256 76 180  173 66 107  195 76 119  75 22 ,53  123 14 109  27 4 23  13 13  _  _  _  _  _  _  3  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 2 2  24 6 18  111 52 59  150 36 114  133 49 84  176 61 115  68 20 48  123 14 109  27 4 23  13 13  407.00 374.50- 453.00 433.00 386.00- 462.00 401.50 371.00- 441.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  1  _  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  3  1  22 2 20  71 16 55  182 45 137  135 46 89  104 40 64  39 17 22  19 15 4  7 2 5  -  -  -  335.50 377.50 301.00  350.00 288.00- 388.00 387.00 353.00- 396.50 288.00 260.00- 345.50  _ _  _ _  _ _  — _ _  — _ -  _ -  3 3  5 5  12 12  10 10  30 6 24  21 12 9  38 32 6  11 10 1  2 2  1 1  — -  -  -  -  — -  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  361.50 375.50 358.50 485.00  342.00 372.50 336.50 473.50  300.00300.50300.00423.50-  . -  _ -  _  _  _  -  _  -  2 2 -  25 6 19 -  43 12 31 -  87 19 68 -  178 24 154 -  503 84 419 3  519 63 456 13  257 53 204 33  189 65 124 45  146 57 89 35  93 23 70 40  80 13 67 40  15 4 11 10  5 1 4 4  5 1 4 4  20 20 19  582 181 401 52  38.5 39.0 38.0 40.0  441.50 436.00 444.00 583.00  428.50 384.00- 478.00 435.50 387.50- 475.50 423.50 384.00- 481.00 613.50 477.00- 695.50  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ -  -  -  -  _ -  -  15 9 6 -  76 22 54 -  140 34 106 1  111 38 73 2  106 40 66 12  56 19 37 7  42 13 29 2  6 4 2 1  5 1 4 4  5 1 4 4  20 20 19  1,001 177 824  39.0 39.5 39.0  350.00 338.50 352.50  334.00 307.00- 365.00 316.00 297.50- 379.00 336.00 311.00- 365.00  -  -  _ "  -  -  -  -  12 6 6  22 10 12  50 10 40  304 71 233  364 27 337  90 11 79  46 24 22  31 16 15  35 2 33  38 38  9 9  "  -  -  584 67  39.5 39.0  302.00 309.00  289.50 269.00- 326.50 275.00 250.50- 352.00  _  _  _ _  _ _  _  2 _  25 6  31 6  65 9  128 14  184 4  79 14  27 8  32 3  9 1  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  68  40.0  407.50  420.00 395.00- 441.50  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  —  -  3  9  19  29  8  —  -  —  —  —  —  1,393 485 908 184  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.0  273.50 290.00 264.50 371.00  261.00 285.00 249.00 349.50  333.00 343.00 323.50 405.00  7 _ 7 _  7 _ 7 _  40 4 36 _  77 10 67 _  58 22 36 _  135 42 93 1  151 56 95 3  118 31 87 4  132 37 95 2  123 40 83 2  143 64 79 3  219 88 131 95  98 61 37 31  35 9 26 19  22 10 12 8  27 11 16 15  1 1 1  .  .  .  .  — -  -  -  -  432 181 251  39.0 39.5 38.5  325.50 347.50 310.00  323.00 271.00- 355.00 334.50 301.00- 387.00 297.00 256.50- 349.50  .  _  _  _ _  _ _  . _  6 6  5 5  31 4 27  53 8 45  46 10 36  77 44 33  114 53 61  42 39 3  28 8 20  12 4 8  18 11 7  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  586 169 417 68  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.5  269.50 289.50 261.50 406.00  249.50 279.50 243.50 405.00  207.00230.00201.50342.00-  7 7 -  . _ _  3 2 1 -  29 29 .  18 18 _;  73 16 57 -  83 21 62 -  56 19 37 -  58 14 44 -  58 16 42 -  60 17 43 1  60 35 25 19  54 22 32 28  7 1 6 6  10 6 4 4  9 9 9  1 1 1  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  375 135 240  39.0 39.5 38.5  219.00 214.50 221.50  204.00 208.00 203.50  178.00- 243.00 182.50- 238.50 168.50- 254.00  .  7  48 1C 38  40 22 18  56 26 30  63 35 28  31 8 23  21 15 6  19 14 5  6 3 3  2  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  37 2 35  45  -  45  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)..  Computer programmers  Computer programmers (business), class B................... Nonmanufacturing......................  407.00 441.00 395.00 527.00  Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing:  Computer operators, class A.......  Computer operators, class B.......  Computer operators, class C....... Nonmanufacturing...................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  208.00219.00201.50325.00-  320.00 343.00 308.00 431.50  -  -  7  20  Table A-13- Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Drafters, class A...........................  Drafters, class B...........................  Electronics technicians, class A... Electronics technicians, class B...  Nonmanufacturing...................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)1  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  90 78  38 0 37.5  232.50 229.50  207.50 206.00  1,324 938 386  40.0 40.0 39.5  364.00 391.50 297.00  365.50 305.50- 428.00 401.00 342.50- 447.00 290.00 250.00- 335.00  584 506  40 0 40.0  419.00 431.50  428.00 384.00- 468.00 428.00 402.00- 468.00  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 135 and under 145  173.00- 292.00 167.00- 290.00  407 270 137  40 0 39.5  353.50 370.00 320.00  346.00 310.00- 401.00 370.00 330.00- 402.50 312.50 285.00- 340.00  249 109  40.0 40.5  287.00 316.50  271.00 240.00- 327.50 323.00 304.50- 350.50  66  145  155  165  175  185  205  225  245  265  285  325  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  645  685  155  165  175  185  205  225  245  265  285  325  365  405  445  485  525  565  605  645  685  725  14 12  o  13 11 9 8 1  39.5  271.50  265.50 242.00- 293.00  1,215 901  40.0  351.00 315.50  360.00 280.00- 438.00 327.00 250.00- 360.00  628 456  40.0 40.0  386.00 357.00  360.00 337.50- 466.00 360.00 327.00- 369.50  -  -  -  448  40.0  346.00  366.50 255.00- 438.00  -  -  -  228  39.0 39.5 38.5  350.00 349.50 350.50  348.00 300.00- 404.00 350.00 300.50- 403.50 329.50 296.50- 408.00  50  5  3 3  6 6  24 20  4 2  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  20  71 26 45  68 9 59  63 20 43  197 103 94  220 144 76  235 208 27  190 180 10  212 208 4  22 21 1  2 2 -  5 5 -  -  -  _ -  “  ~  -  1 -  32 6  69 29  123 116  147 145  194 192  11 11  2 2  5 5  - ■ -  -  _ -  24 6  “  -  8  “  1  “  -  -  -  -  '  i  10 10 “  4 4  38 8 30  86 31 55  113 81 32  89 82 7  36 30 6  18 16 2  11 10 1  . -  -  -  -  _ _ -  43 3  50 2  12 3  57 46  34 32  23 10  6 4  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  17  14  8  22  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  24 24  14 8  80 80  56 56  105 105  48 48  119 119  250 247  157 156  98 41  250 3  14 14  -  -  -  -  _ .  -  -  -  "  -  -  “  92 92  243 240  76 75  33 32  170 3  14 14  _ -  . -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  48  95  46  26  7  81  65  80  _  _  _  .  1 1  21 16 5  18 12 6  43 34 9  46 39 7  39 30 9  51 42 9  1 1  4  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  21  _  1  4  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  1  Office occupations men 266 106 158  38.5 38.5 38.0  197.00 192.50 200.00  119  40.0  394.50  Accounting clerks, class A:  Secretaries...............................................................  File clerks..................................................................  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Secretaries, class D.............................................. Manufacturing......................................................  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  6,239 3,682 2,557 373  38.5 39.0 38.0 39.0  279.00 289.00 265.00 397.50  478 312 166 79  39.0 39.5 38.0 38.5  343.00 328.00 370.50 431.00  1,594 853 741 165  38.5 39.5 38.0 38.5  296.00 299.00 293.00 418.00  1,833 1,057 776 62  38.5 39.0 37.5 39.0  270.50 293.00 240.00 350.00  1,660 1,221 439 62  39.0 39.0 38.5 40.0  276.50 278.00 273.00 360.50  645 223  38.0 39.0  218.00 230.50  1,046 534 512 288  39.0 39.5 38.5 38.5  279.00 299.00 257.50 300.00  360 213 147  40.0 40.0 39.5  277.00 280.00 272.50  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  686 321 365  38.5 39.0 38.0  279.50 311.50 251.50  Transcribing-machine typists................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  162 114  37.5 37.0  208.50 195.50  Typists...................................................................... Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing.............................................. Public utilities.................................................. See footnotes at end of tables.  1,740 616 1,124 105  38.5 39.5 37.5 39.5  190.00 214.50 176.50 289.00  Stenographers, general.......................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  261 460 72  38.5 40.0 38.0 40.0  213.00 250.50 192.00 308.50  1,019 355 664 33  38.0 39.5 37.5 39.5  173.00 187.50 165.50 246.00  664  37.5  535  37.5  176.00 238 50 160.50  67  38.0  213.00  236 66 170  37.0 39.0 36.5  184.00 239.50 162.50  353 318  37.5 37.5  164.00 160.00  191 85 106  38.5 39.0 38.0  203.00 199.50 205.50  282 123 159  39.0 39.5 38.5  229.50  156 107  39.5 40.0  221.50 233.50  186 172  39.5 39.5  199.50 204.50  154 147  39.5 39.5  181.00 183.50  1,698 706  38.5 39.0  220.00 239.50  154  40.0  344.50  815 351  38 5 39.5  239.00 257.00 387.50  of workers  A  Accounting clerks:  Office occupations women  Av€ rage (m<jan2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  File clerks, class B................................................. Manufacturing......................................................  Switchboard operatorreceptionists .......................................................... Order clerks...............................................................  Nonmanufacturing: A  ||  nljoiTrn place A  Nonmanufacturing:  208.00  61  40.0  Public utilities...................................................  883 355 528 93  38.5 39.0 38.0 40.0  222.50 188.00 316.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  436 248 188  38.5 39.0 37.5  239.50 248.00 228.00  Manufacturing......................................................  22  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Public utilities...................................................  1,831 719 1,112 214  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.5  225.00 236.00 217.50 327.50  Key entry operators, class A................................ Manufacturing......................................................  1,040 404  38.5 39.5  243.50 254.00  Key entry operators, class B................................ Manufacturing.............:........................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  791 315 476 75  38.0 39.0 37.5 39.0  200.00 213.00 191.50 269.50  1,144 358 786  38.0 39.0 37.5  474.00 469.50 476.00  661 194 467  37.5 39.0 37.0  521.00 509.50 526.00  410 125 285  38.5 39.0 38.5  418.50 436.00 411.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business).............................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class B............................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts  70  38.5  359.50  1,471 282 1.189 188  39.0 39.0 39.0 39.5  373.00 388.50 369.00 488.50  482 133 349 48  38.5 39.0 38.0 40.0  444.00 445.00 444.00 587.00  628 114 514 77  39.0 40.0 39.0 38.5  353.50 342.50 356.00 491.00  361  39.5  311.00  Nonmanufacturing..............................................  1,087 358 729  38.5 39.5 38.0  275.50 304.50 261.50  Manufacturing..................................................... Nonmanufacturing..............................................  385 170 215  38.5 39.5 38.0  326.50 350.50 308.00  Computer programmers (business)......................... Manufacturing......................................................  Computer programmers  Computer programmers Computer operators.................................................  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 —Continued Average (mean2) Sex,8 occupation, and industry division  Computer operators, class B................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Drafters, class A...................................................  Manufacturing......................................................  Electronics technicians............................................ Manufacturing......................................................  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  478 132 346  38.0 39.0 38.0  264.50 285.50 257.00  224 56 168 36  38.5 39.0 38.5 39.0  211.50 209.50 212.00 311.50  1,178 882 296  40.0 40.0 39.5  371.00 395.50 297.50  541 486  40.0 40.0  423.50 433 50  362 254 108  40.0 40.0 39.0  359.00 373.00 326.00  204  40.0  290.00 316.50  54  39.5  1,126 817  40.0 40.0  Average (mean2) Sex,8 occupation, and industry division  Manufacturing......................................................  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  614 446  40 0 40.0  386 00 357.50  398 263  40.0 40.0  357.50 308.00  Sex,8 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business), class A............................................ Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Number of workers  Weekly Weekly hours* earnings (stand­ (in dollars)1 ard)  143 553  39.0 38.5 39.0  338.00 349.50 335.00  100 52  38.5 38.0  428.00 443.50  63 310  38.5 38.5 38.5  343.50 331.00 346.50  127  40.0  250.00  135 79  39 0 40.5  231.00 218.00  Computer programmers Computer systems analysts (business).............................................................. Manufacturing......................................................  Computer systems analysts (business), class A............................................. Computer systems analysts (business), class B.............................................  Computer systems analysts (business), class C.............................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Professional and technical occupations - women  2*4.00 358.00 322.00  Number of workers  Average (mean2)  23  394 129 265  38.0 38.5 37.5  445.00 439.00 448.00  168 50  37.5 38.5  533.00 479.50  164 58 106  38.5 39.0 38.5  406.00 427.50 394.50  Drafters...................................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  128 56  40.0 40.0  306.00 331.50  60  38.0  310.00  Manufacturing......................................................  220 174  39.0 39.5  350.50 349.50  Computer operators: Manufacturing......................................................  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.40 and under 3.50  3.50  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.50  5.00  5.50  6.00  6.50  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00 10.50  3.60  3.80  4.00  4.50  5.00  5.50  6.00  6.50  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00  10.50 11.00  11.00 11.50  12.00 12.50 13.00 and 11.50 12.00 12.50 13.00 over  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  501 274 227  10.14 10.05 10.25  10.81 9.16-11.27 10.78 8.85-11.11 11.27 9.27-11.27  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  8 8  14 14  26 10 16  11 8 3  11 11 -  42 42 -  43 20 23  23 20 3  31 23 8  58 49 9  209 73 136  25 18 7  _ -  _ -  _ ■  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,381 1,153 228  10.18 10.09 10.61  10.21 9.01-11.55 10.08 8.88-11.19 11.95 9.64-11.95  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  “  14 14  22 10 12  4 2 2  33 30 3  138 136 2  132 130 2  36 26 10  216 198 18  208 183 25  54 54  150 148 2  307 175 132  63 61 2  1 1  1 1  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................  230 184  9.80 10.01  9.44 9.03-11.11 9.63 9.15-11.11  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  4 -  2 -  -  2 -  2 -  3 -  6 5  15 8  23 23  64 56  11 9  2 -  11 11  74 72  10 -  -  1 -  -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..........................  1,202 1,064  10.45 10.27  10.22 9.81-11.34 10.20 9.81-11.16  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  11 11  11 11  3 3  11 11  11 11  31 31  56 56  4 4  294 286  209 195  39 33  241 240  235 160  12 12  -  34 -  138  11.84  11.95 11.95-11.95  -  -  -  “  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ~  8  14  6  1  75  -  * 34  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing.............................  1,436 1,415  9.92 9.94  10.11 9.53-10.90 10.11 9.53-10.90  -  "  "  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 -  46 44  63 63  68 66  130 126  17 17  333 333  324 324  225 218  118 118  44 44  -  62 62  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  506 285 221 170  10.63 10.19 11.19 11.24  9.99-11.51 8.93-11.37 10.62-11.82 10.67-11.24  -  -  -  -  -  ”  -  -  -  “  ”  10 10 “  5 5 -  86 86 “  4 4 4  28 15 13 8  52 35 17 17  77 30 47 23  112 36 76 76  90 68 22  42 42 42  -  _  “  2 2  48 48  68 68  13 13  100 96  160 151  78 78  176 176  134 90  _ -  _ -  2 2  10.90 10.44 11.24 11.24  -  _ -  _ -  “  -  _ -  _ -  8 8  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  8 8  11 11  11 11  23 23  33 33  9 “  2 2  20 20  1 1  40 39  9 6  _ -  _ ~  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  _ -  -  -  “  6 6  41 41  21 21  20 20  18 18  8 8  70 70  270 270  -  -  -  -  4 4  _ -  2 -  10 10  _ -  “  3 -  5 1  _ -  8 2  31 22  43 21  53 19  32 6  66 “  188 181  19 19  _  -  -  “  “  -  9.95 8.64-10.18 9.95 8.64-10.18  _ -  _ -  _  -  _ -  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  12 12  8 8  -  33 33  10 10  20 20  50 50  30 30  12 12  28 28  13 13  -  -  “  10.60 10.60  10.66 9.49-11.77 10.66 9.49-11.77  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  27 27  33 33  172 172  88 88  67 67  101 101  40 40  325 325  20 20  -  _ -  547 341 206  9.95 9.93 9.98  10.23 8.66-11.45 10.12 8.82-11.01 10.23 8.13-11.45  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  2 2  26 24 2  14 2 12  17 9 8  57 19 38  44 41 3  26 24 2  50 36 14  63 31 32  64 64  123 45 78  59 44 15  -  _ -  2 2 -  129 Boiler tenders.................................. 115 Manufacturing............................. * All workers were at $13.00 to $13.50. Also see footnotes at end of tables.  9.39 9.31  10.09 8.92-10.11 10.09 8.52-10.11  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ -  14 14  9 9  _ -  15 15  12 7  6 6  66 58  4 4  -  1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  789 732  10.38 10.29  10.45 9.67-11.11 10.45 9.59-11.11  _ -  _  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  167 154  9.38 9.31  8.75 8.36-11.01 8.65 8.08-11.01  _ -  _  Millwrights........................................ Manufacturing.............................  454 454  10.59 10.59  11.01 10.37-11.24 11.01 10.37-11.24  _ -  Maintenance trades helpers............ Manufacturing.............................  464 285  8.74 8.97  9.07 8.11- 9.63 9.63 8.21- 9.78  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  216 216  9.62 9.62  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing.............................  873 873  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  _ _  24  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers-large establishments in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 H ourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.10 and under 3.60  3.60  4.10  4.60  5.10  5.60  6.10  6.60  7.10  7.60  8.10  8.60  9.10  9.60  4.10  4.60  5.10  5.60  6.10  6.60  7.10  7.60  8.10  8.60  9.10  9.60  10.10 10.60  Truckdrivers..................................... Nonmanufacturing......................  2,859 1,673  10.48 11.27  10.61 9.34-12.04 11.40 10.61-12.04  _  _  2  2  13 1  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..........................  71  7.68  8.19 6.93- 8.74  -  -  2  2  10  41  8.15  8.34 8.19- 8.74  -  -  -  -  1  -  Truckdrivers, medium truck: Nonmanufacturing......................  85  11.61  10.09 10.09-14.39  -  -  -  -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  829 90 739  10.91 9.50 11.08  11.17 10.61-11.40 9.74 8.80-10.53 11.17 10.61-11.40  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  3 3 “  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing.............................  183 164  7.88 7.63  7.58 6.39- 8.41 7.32 6.33- 8.12  -  1 1  3 3 10 10  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  429 155 274  8.26 8.26 8.26  8.48 7.32- 9.79 8.04 7.39- 9.79 9.03 6.90-10.45  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  202 71 131  7.94 7.13 8.38  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,327 651 676  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  5 2  3 1  2 2  23 2  26 3  40 23  118 75  2  2  1  7  22  23  2  2  1  1  16  18  1  -  -  -  2  _ _ 36 36  _ _ 10 9  _  _ 35 35  2 2 12 12  4 4 35 34  10.10 10.60  11.10 11.60 12.10 12.60 13.10  13.60 14.10 and 13.60 14.10 over  11.10 11.60 12.10 12.60 13.10  924 58  127 94  137 28  252 219  395 395  760 740  -  -  -  _  _  :  _  -  _  _  _  _  _  1  10  38  3  -  _  -  -  _  • 30  20 20 3 14 4 10  61 7 54  56 38 18  219  358  -  13 13 -  90  219  358  90  -  -  -  -  -  25 25  8 2  7 -  -  -  -  -  -  _  45 44 1  7 1 6  64 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  9 9  38  -  -  -  -  -  -  30 30 _  _ -  12 12  _ 6 6  _ 13 2 11  14 14  10 10  16 6 10  32 17 15  53 34 19  33 21 12  41 26 15  1 69 _ 69  7.83 6.55- 8.80 6.85 5.86- 7.96 8.30 7.13-10.77  -  -  2 2  16  2  30 23 7  15  18 9 9  17 2 15  22 1 21  1  2  12 7 5  15  16  20 18 2  8.21 7.75 8.65  8.00 6.55-10.14 7.83 7.14- 8.02 8.84 6.55-10.52  -  12 12 -  2 2 -  17 16 1  54 43 11  18 14 4  256 27 229  50 46 4  62 58 4  272 271 1  106 30 76  74 36 38  2 2 -  51 51  223 43 180  128 128  -  -  -  -  -  9.39 7.21 10.21  10.52 7.37-10.62 8.00 6.09- 8.00 10.52 10.52-10.62  14 14  26 _ 26  27  21  15  30  18  3  27  42  21  15  30  18  22 20  9 1  5 3  _ _ 31 31  3  43 5  _ _ 18 18  122 _ 122  89 40  36 36 42 42  298 20 278  11 4  83 83 30 23  8 _ 8  6.33 5.95- 8.96 6.95 5.96- 8.96  _ 2 2  5 5  6.85 7.10  8 8 28 28  136 68 68  352 239  14 14  75 49 26  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing.............................  8 8  42  -  967 264 703  -  -  _  _  _  6.65 6.85  6.00 6.00- 8.26 7.43 3.95- 8.96  238 238  122 114  59 32  30 15  30 24  1190 22  122 77  207 143  59 26  168 119  116 34  416 383  131 81  70 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,350 1,678 672  8.53 8.17 9.41  8.34 7.39- 9.89 8.34 7.32- 9.34 10.42 9.13-10.42  4 4 -  5 2 3  6 6 -  379 252 127  145 145 -  513 512 1  71 63 8  285 119 166  136 134 2  162 162  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4.73 7.60 3.71  3.25 3.10- 6.40 7.51 6.44- 9.18 3.10 3.10- 3.50  152 62 90  105 42 63  83 12 71  155 95 60  91 29 62  127 58 69  142 142 202 155 47  128 126 2  3,294 867 2,427  88 2 86  2 2 -  Guards.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1855 1855  372 171 201  15 15  -  3,001 1,354  28 28  -  Material handling laborers............... Nonmanufacturing......................  46 31 15  58 49 9  108 108 -  116 116 -  80 80 -  24 24 -  3 3 -  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Guards, class A............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  470 260 210  7.55 8.66 6.18  7.44 6.63- 8.74 8.74 7.52- 9.68 6.40 5.57- 6.63  9 9  11 11  15 15  20 20  27 27  34 4 30  53 _ 53  107 72 35  11 1 10  _  3 3  4.26 7.15 3.47  3.12 3.10- 4.93 7.26 5.83- 8.68 3.10 3.10- 3.25  79 2 77  141 62 79  90 42 48  63 12 51  128 95 33  57 25 32  74 58 16  95 83 12  35 30 5  65 65 43 43 -  75 75 -  2,822 607 2,215  30 30 26 19 7  10 10 -  Guards, class B............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  _ 1855 1855  5 5 -  4.72- 7.43 183 178 587 878 764 254 6.15- 8.19 12 49 77 6 87 106 4.43- 5.58 171 129 510 872 677 148 6.95- 7.75 2 4 12 8 5 15 6 at $14.60 to $15.10; 6 at $15.10 to $15.60; and 3 at  485 409 76 5  489 330 159 73  554 372 182 181  146 68 78 78  502 464 38 37  317 298 19 19  106 106 156 156  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ 5,562 6.14 5.80 Manufacturing............................ 2,502 7.30 7.27 Nonmanufacturing...................... 3,060 5.19 4.75 Public utilities.......................... 440 7.28 7.33 * Workers were distributed as follows: 15 at $14.10 to $14.60; $16.10 to $16.60. Also see footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  1  64  38  68 68  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  24 24  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  _  _  _ _  -  -  -  1 1  _ _  _  -  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers by sex-large establishments In __________________________________________________________ _______ ___________ Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J., November 1980 Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Manufacturing...................................................................  Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities................................................................  476 270 206  10.13 10.03 10.25  1,345 1,139 206  10.17 10.08 10.68  222 181  9.82 9.99  1,202 1,064  10.45 10.27  138  11.84  1,390 1,369  9 88 9.89  Truckdrivers, light truck...................................................... Nonmanufacturing:  482 285  10.63 10.19  Manufacturing...................................................................  Manufacturing..................................................................  170  11.24  766 709  10.35 10.26  166 153  9.37 9.30  454 454  10.59 10.59  460 285  8.75 8.97  242  7.38  10.60  189  7.19  529  9.92  Forklift operators: Manufacturing..................................................................  1,631  8.17  199  9.95  124 115  9.39 9.31  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  3,051 842 2,209  7.61 3.69  Manufacturing..................................................................  422 255  7.67 8.66  Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  2,627 587 2,040  4.30 7.15 3.48  3,591 2,019 1,572 276  6.38 7.22 5.30 7.25  32  10.37  2,662 1,476  10.40 11.23  63  7.74  33  8.38  Manufacturing..................................................................  736 90 646  10.88 9.50 11.07  Public utilities................................................................  165 155  7.77 7.63  Material movement and custodial occupations - women Truckdrivers: Nonmanufacturing:  Receivers: Shippers and receivers: Manufacturing...................................................................  154  8.25  64  7.14  Guards:  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Shipping packers: Manufacturing..................................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance mechanics  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Order fillers: Manufacturing..................................................................  873  Boiler tenders......................................................................... Manufacturing...................................................................  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4 9.62  216 216  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing........................... .......................................  Number of workers  26  1,227 622 605  8.19 7.71 8.68  Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities...............................................................  190  3.66  1,825 474  5.66 7.62  164  7.35  Footnotes 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. * Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  27  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  28  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, senior Stenographers, general Typists, classes A and B File clerks, classes A, B, and C Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, classes A and B Accounting clerks, classes A and B Payroll clerks Key entry operators, classes A and B  1- Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see ‘Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,’ Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Average pay relationships within establishments  Tables A-8 through A-11 present occupational pay relatives derived from compari­ sons of job averages within individual establishments. The method of computation is as follows:  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C Computer operators, classes A, B, C  1- A pay relative for any two occupations is computed for each establishment in which they are found by dividing the average earnings for one occupation by the average for the other and multiplying by 100 (e.g., $5 divided by $4 = 1.25 times 100 = 125).  addition, the mix of establishments used in the comparisons may differ between the two methods.  2. Each pay relative is weighted by the number of workers in the two occupations compared and by the weight assigned to the establishment to represent establish­ ments not included in the survey sample.  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.  3. The weighted pay relatives for all establishments reporting the two occupations are summed and divided by the total of the weights to produce the average pay relatives shown in the tables. Occupational pay relationships measured in this manner yield considerably different results than those produced by using overall survey averages such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The former measure the average pay relationships found within establishments; the latter measure the relationships among job averages in an area. In  1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J.,1 November 1980  Industry division*  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of survey  Workers in establishments  Number of establishments Within scope of survey5  Within scope of survey4  Studied  Studied  Number  Percent  All establishments 2,164  306  701,549  100  294,617  100 -  842 1,322  120 186  340,537 361,012  49 51  124,909 169,708  100 50 100 50 50  87 340 193 278 424  25 30 28 38 65  63,481 39,399 93,942 78,860 85,330  9 6 13 11 12  50,004 7,417 55,703 30,802 25,782  _  265  119  393,241  100  258,617  157 108  62 57  195,974 197,267  50 50  111,108 147,509  13 7 28 33 27  9 4 16 14 14  48,799 5,664 64,934 47,980 29,890  12 1 17 12 8  46,499 3,884 52,931 27,275 16,920  All divisions.. Manufacturing........................................ Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities45........................ * Wholesale trade*................................ Retail trade*........................................ Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. Sen/ices*7........................................... Large establishments All divisions..  500 Manufacturing........................................ Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and 500 other public utilities5........................ 500 Wholesale trade*................................. 500 Retail trade*........................................ 500 Finance, insurance, and real estate*.. 500 Services*7........................................... ■The Philadelphia Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadelphia Counties, Pa.; and Burlington, Camden, and Gloucester Counties, N.J. The "workers within scope of survey” estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the  4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. 5 Abbreviated to "public utilities” in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Local-transit in the city of Philadelphia is governmentally operated and excluded by definition from the scope of the study. 8 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries’ and “nonmanufacturing” estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  survey. * The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 5 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  I  30  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded.  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e-  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled ‘Level of Supervisor,’ e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by Level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are  Office  matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor  SECRETARY  within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.  responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary’s Supervisor (LS)  Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled ‘secretary’ possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: a.  Positions which do not meet the ‘personal’ secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c-  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  LS-1  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  1  Level ofSecretary's Responsibility (LR)  LS-2 a.  b.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; Or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b. c. d. e. LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term ‘corporate officer’ used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy-making role with regard to major company activities. The title ‘vice president,’ though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be ‘corporate officers’ for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LS-1. LS-2. LS-3. LS-4.  LR-1 Class E Class D Class C Class B  LR-2 Class D Class C Class B Class A  STENOGRAPHER  FILE CLERK  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist). NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  Stenographer, Senior. Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure and of the specific business operations, organiza­ tion, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.  Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. MESSENGER  Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.)  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist.  TYPIST  Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard Operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK  Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and  33  suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Class A. Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations. Class B. Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item.  PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge' of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.  ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.  https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge. Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)  Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist.  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a mariufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied, OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system.  Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations, OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close directidn. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing  35  (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: • • • • • • •  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items(tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals. Class A. In addition to work assignments described for a class B operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one of the following: • • • •  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit's production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. Class B. In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error condi­ tions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators. Class C. Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-thejob training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computei output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: • • • • • •  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, proce­ dures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and information in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job: •  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs;  • • • •  Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements, floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A. Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or original designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpreting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. Class B. Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views, detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Class C. Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Class D. Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts or equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments, gives guidance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class E. Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assign­ ments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spot-checked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment. This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understan­ ding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perfor­ ming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­ ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex text instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers' manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instructions, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and Fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following-. Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle ^and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires  38  rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of dn establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s Work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  STATIONARY ENGINEER  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  39  various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyse boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows: I  Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator). ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded. POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  Class A. Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. Class B. Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  GUARD  JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Service Contract Act Surveys The following areas are surveyed pe­ riodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in releases which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C. Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort WayneTlnd. F rederick-Hagersto wnChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Guam, Territory of Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Pine Bluff, Ark. Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash.  Springfield, 111. Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Yakima-Richland-Kenne wickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of per­ sonnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, en­ gineering technicians, drafters, and cler­ ical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2045, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1979, $3.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1970 through 1977, is available on request.  Area Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ........................................................... Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1980'......................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1979............ Atlanta, Ga., May 1980 .......................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1980 ..................................................... Billings, Mont., July 1980'....................................................... Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978 ................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1980 ....................................................... Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1980 ......................................................... Canton, Ohio, May 1978 ......................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1980 .................................... Chicago, 111., May 19801.......................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1980 ................................ Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1980'................................................... Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1980..................................................... Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1980............................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1979...................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1980' ... Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1979 ......................................................... Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' ............................................ Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1979........................................ Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Fresno, Calif., June 1980' ....................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1979..................................................... Gary—Flammond—East Chicago, Ind., Oct. 1979'............... Green Bay, Wis., July 1980 ..................................................... Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1980' Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1980 ............................. Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1980'................................................... Houston, Tex., Apr. 1980'....................................................... Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1980'..................................................... Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1980................................................... Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1980 ....................................................... Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1979'................................................. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1980...................................... Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1979 ......................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1979 ............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price* 2025-63 3000-45 2050-48 3000-21 3000-38 3000-31 2025-15 3000-40 3000-52 2025-22 3000-44 3000-26 3000-32 3000-46 3000-48 3000-28 2050-67 3000- 5 2050-64 3000-33 2050-72 3000- 7 3000-30 2050-45 2050-60 3000-22 3000-50 3000-16 3000-19 3000-18 3000-14 3000-47 3000- 2 2050-69 3000-42 2050-59 2050-66  $1.00 $2.25 $1.50 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $0.80 $2.25 $2.25 $0.70 $1.75 $3.25 $2.25 $3.25 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.50 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00  Area Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1979'..................................................... Miami, Fla., Oct. 1980 ........................................................................................ Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 .............................................................................. Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1980 .............................................. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980.................................................................... Newark, N.J., Jan. 1980'.................................................................................... New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979 .............................................................................. New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1980 .................................................................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1980....................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978 .................................................................. Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 .................................................................. Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1980'.................................................................... Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1979 ...................................................................... Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980'................................................. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1980................................................................... Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1980 .................................................................................. Portland, Maine, Dec. 1979................................................................................ Portland, Oreg.—Wash., June 1980'................................................................. Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1980'........................................................................ Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980'................................ Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980 .......................... Richmond, Va., June 980'.................................................................................. St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1980.......................................................................... Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1979 ............................................................................ Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979'................................................................................ Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1979 ......................................................... San Antonio, Tex., May 1980'............................................................................ San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1979 .............................................................................. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1980 ..................................................... San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1980 ................................................................................ Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1979*.................................................................. South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980.............................................................................. Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1980 ...................................................................... Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1980................................................................................... Utica—Rome, N.Y., July 1978 .......................................................................... Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1980' ................................................................................ Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980' ............................................................................ York, Pa., Feb. 1980...........................................................................................  Bulletin number and price* 2050-56 3000-51 3000-10 3000- 1 3000-29 3000- 8 2050-53 3000-24 3000-20  $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75  2025-21 3000-37 3000-41 2050-51 3000-34 3000-53 3000- 3 2050-63 3000-49 3000-35 3000-39 3000-27 3000-23 3000-12 2050-71 2050-52 2050-62 3000-17 2050-70 3000- 9 3000- 6 2050-68 3000-36 3000-13 3000-43 2025-34 3000- 4 3000-15 3000-25 3000-11  $0.80 $1.75 $2.25 $1.50 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.50 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $1.75 $1.00 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.75  * Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. ' Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage'provisions are also presented.  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor Third Class Mail  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass. 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y. 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street. P.O. Box 13309 Philadelphia. Pa. 19101 Phone. 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St., N.E Atlanta, Ga. 30367 Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)  Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  y Region V  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  Regions IX and X  9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St. Chicago. III. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312)  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas, Tex. 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214)  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St., 15th Floor Kansas City, Mo. 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave. Box 36017 San Francisco, Calif. 94102 Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)  Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington  Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102