View PDF

The full text on this page is automatically extracted from the file linked above and may contain errors and inconsistencies.

3 oOO  Area Wage Survey  H-D  Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area August 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3000-40  Essex Middlesex  Suffolk  Boston  Norfolk  Plymouth  SOUTHWEST wssoi Ml  3  V   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  DEC 1 11980  Preface  This bulletin provides results of an August 1980 survey of occupational earnings in the Boston, Massachusetts, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Boston, Mass., under the general direction of Gordon E. Bowen, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Unless specifically identified as copyright, material in this publication is in the public domain and may, with appropriate credit, be reproduced without permission.  Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Boston area are available for the electrical appliance repair (November 1978) and men’s and boys’ suits and coats (April 1979) industries. A report on occupational earnings only is available in the laundry and dry cleaning industry (August 1980). Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. A report on occupational earnings and supplementary benefits for municipal government workers is available for the city of Boston. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  r^N-r^s  Area Wage Survey  Boston, Massachusetts, Metropolitan Area August 1980  's^TTToi.  U.S. Department of Labor Ray Marshall, Secretary  Contents  Page  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner  Page  Introduction........................................................................  November 1980  Tables:  Bulletin 3000-40  Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers.................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers........................................... A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.............................................................. A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers........................................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex........................ A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups................... A- 8. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for office clerical occupations............. A- 9. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for professional and technical occupations..................................................... A-10. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ................................  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2  Tables—Continued A-11.  Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for material movement and custodial occupations...................................  15  3 5  7 9 10  12 13  Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers.................... A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers........................................... A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex............................................................. A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................. A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ................................... A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.............................................................  24  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey................................. B. Occupational descriptions.....................................  26 29  16  18  20 22 23  13  14  15  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.  A-series tables Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nonmanufacturing industries. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-ll provide measures of average pay relationships within establishments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 Under and 120 under 130  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  10,007 4,403 5,604 470  38.0 39.5 37.5 38.5  250.00 262.00 240.00 296.00  245.00 257.00 235.00 296.00  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  489 166 323  38.0 39.0 37.5  320.50 327.50 317.00  314.50 288.00- 351.00 342.50 275.00- 370.50 310.00 288.00- 345.00  Secretaries, class B..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,951 663 1,288  38.0 39.0 37.5  282.50 306.50 270.00  279.00 250.00- 313.00 306.50 285.00- 325.00 264.50 241.00- 294.50  _ -  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  3,446 1,906 1,540 144  38.5 39.5 37.5 38.5  256.00 267.00 242.00 295.00  253.00 266.00 243.50 272.00  281.00 290.00 265.00 326.00  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  3,116 1,461 1,655 122  38.0 39.5 37.0 40.0  224.00 237.50 212.00 264.00  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  690 207 483  37.0 39.0 36.0  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.........................  356 207 149 59  Stenographers, senior................. Nonmanufacturing......................  214.50225.00205.00264.50-  280.50 292.00 266.50 321.50  130  140  140  150  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  440 and over  .  .  -  -  46 13 33 -  88 4 84 -  182 31 151 -  319 46 273 -  338 98 240 -  507 183 324 3  1443 507 936 46  1594 712 882 8  1628 645 983 50  1328 603 725 78  974 641 333 58  656 393 263 99  442 274 168 53  222 132 90 27  64 35 29 17  126 65 61 10  42 17 25 19  8 4 4 2  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  19 12 7  2 _ 2  20 13 7  62 20 42  65 17 48  83 8 75  59 10 49  74 34 40  23 18 5  61 19 42  16 14 2  5 1 4  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  8 8  7 7  2 2  109 15 94  195 38 157  325 30 295  350 58 292  234 84 150  322 202 120  237 148 89  65 29 36  26 15 11  51 42 9  19 1 18  1 1 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  5 5 -  _ -  13 5 8 -  103 5 98 -  61 26 35 -  109 32 77 -  338 130 208 "  562 295 267 7  715 345 370 16  657 383 274 64  438 327 111 5  198 167 31 7  137 115 22 17  75 66 9 6  14 2 12 12  12 4 8 8  7 2 5 2  2 2 _ -  220.00 200.00- 245.00 235.00 211.50- 261.50 210.00 186.00- 233.00 248.00 214.50- 316.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  23 23 -  67 67 -  95 2 93 -  151 21 130 -  199 60 139 -  236 111 125 -  765 288 477 36  618 353 265 -  456 251 205 31  213 142 71 6  234 213 21 10  50 16 34 34  5 1 4 4  3 3 _ -  1 _ 1 1  _ _ _ -  _  .  _ -  _  205.00 194.50 210.00  201.50 198.00 208.00  184.00- 226.00 173.00- 212.50 188.00- 230.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  18 13 5  21 4 17  66 24 42  53 20 33  41 12 29  116 40 76  135 62 73  149 26 123  59 6 53  32 _ 32  _ _ -  _  _  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  _ -  _  _  -  -  39.0 40.0 38.0 40.0  261.00 259.00 263.50 337.50  264.50 278.00 232.00 344.50  220.50243.50210.00295.50-  282.00 282.00 344.50 376.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1 -  3 2 1 -  5 3 2 -  21 9 12 -  11 6 5 -  46 15 31 -  41 15 26 3  49 28 21 8  39 34 5 3  94 91 3 3  1 1 1  4 1 3 3  18 3 15 15  9 _ 9 9  5 _ 5 5  9 _ 9 9 .  _ _ -  121 84  38.0 37.5  250.00 238.00  232.00 210.00- 285.50 224.50 200.00- 241.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  2 2  12 11  7 4  21 21  20 20  14 10  7 2  20 -  1 1  4 3  3 -  6 6  3 3  -  -  Stenographers, general............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  235 170 65 41  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  266.50 255.00 296.00 341.50  278.00 278.00 274.50 344.50  232.00234.00230.00295.50-  282.00 282.00 344.50 383.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1 -  2 2 -  3 3 -  9 8 1 -  4 3 1 -  25 15 10 -  21 15 6 1  35 24 11 5  32 29 3 3  74 71 3 3  _  _ _ -  15 _ 15 15  3 _ 3 3  2 _ 2 2  9 _ 9 9  _ _ -  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Nonmanufacturing......................  197 161  37.0 36.5  195.00 198.00  195.00 199.50  174.00- 210.00 170.00- 221.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  10 10  28 28  17 12  34 13  29 19  36 36  35 35  4 4  4 4  _  _  _ -  .  -  _ -  .  -  -  -  -  -  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,464 687 1,777  38.0 39.5 37.0  190.00 198.50 186.50  185.00 188.50 178.50  163.50- 206.00 175.00- 214.00 160.00- 201.00  14 14  9 9  90 90  130 30 100  201 8 193  308 49 259  406 138 268  281 133 148  247 63 184  362 122 240  179 52 127  107 52 55  82 23 59  20 16 4  6 6  10 10  1 1 -  1 _ 1  3 _ 3  7 _ 7  _ -  Typists, class A............................. Manufacturing .......................... Nonmanufacturing......................  1,026 333 693  38.0 39.5 37.0  204.50 212.50 201.00  199.50 210.00 199.50  184.50- 219.50 188.00- 221.50 175.00- 215.00  _ -  _ -  6 6  23 23  48 48  44 6 38  115 25 90  118 57 61  175 47 128  251 104 147  105 36 69  66 23 43  41 18 23  18 16 2  _  10 _ 10  1 1 -  1  3  1  _ -  _  _  3  1  Typists, class B............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,438 354 1,084  37.5 40.0 37.0  179.50 185.00 177.50  172.50 175.00 168.00  159.00- 189.00 170.00- 189.00 155.00- 189.50  14 14  9 9  84 84  107 30 77  153 8 145  264 43 221  291 113 178  163 76 87  72 16 56  111 18 93  74 16 58  41 29 12  41 5 36  2 _ 2  6 _ 6  _  .  _ -  _ _ -  _ -  _ -  File clerks......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,361 181 1,180  37.0 40.0 36.5  166.00 229.00 156.50  156.50 282.00 148.00  140.00- 179.00 166.00- 282.00 139.00- 174.50  44 44  91 17 74  197 197  290 290  89 1 88  188 34 154  137 2 135  77 6 71  69 16 53  49 8 41  26 26  4 4  6 5 1  93 92 1  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1  File clerks, class A....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  312 203  37.5 36.5  210.50 180.50  190.00 174.50  174.50- 282.00 158.50- 190.00  _ -  _ -  10 10  29 29  17 16  18 12  47 46  26 26  27 24  17 11  22 22  4 4  1 1  93 1  _ -  -  -  -  -  1  227.50239.00215.00264.50-  . _  ■  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  3  -  _ 1  _ -  _  _  -  6 _  6  _  -  1 _ -  1 -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  120 Under and 120 under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  440  440 and over  File clerks, class B....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  598 569  36.5 36.5  158.00 156.00  155.00 152.50  141.00- 167.00 140.00- 165.50  12 12  47 42  89 89  121 121  61 61  126 125  35 34  44 42  27 14  27 25  4 4  _  5 -  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  File clerks, class C....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  451 408  37.0 37.0  145.50 144.50  140.00 140.00  133.50- 162.00 133.50- 154.00  32 32  44 32  98 98  140 140  11 11  44 17  55 55  7 3  15 15  5 5  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  -  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  972 104 868  38.0 38.5 38.0  148.00 180.00 144.50  144.00 169.00 140.00  124.00- 165.00 149.00- 211.00 124.00- 161.00  _ -  353 4 349  85 9 76  120 16 104  112 13 99  125 17 108  113 12 101  12 3 9  9 2 7  26 12 14  4 3 1  _ -  13 13 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................... Public utilities..........................  641 184 457 70  38.5 39.5 37.5 39.0  199.00 218.50 191.00 272.50  181.00 162.00209.50 180.00167.50 156.00270.50 269.00-  228.00 246.00 209.00 277.50  _ -  -  _ -  24 24 -  114 1 113 5  104 3 101 -  63 35 28 -  27 17 10 -  43 17 26 -  95 37 58 1  52 23 29 7  32 25 7 2  51 6 45 39  14 13 1 1  8 3 5 5  4 4 -  9 9 9  1 1 1  -  _ -  _ -  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  728 290 438  38.5 39.0 38.0  188.00 200.50 179.50  184.00 196.00 180.00  165.00- 205.00 170.50- 214.00 150.00- 198.00  -  -  5 5  68 10 58  75 13 62  48 34 14  107 34 73  106 38 68  77 26 51  157 76 81  32 18 14  8 5 3  13 12 1  27 24 3  5 5  -  -  -  -  -  -  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  918 567 351  39.0 39.5 38.5  220.00 224.50 212.50  207.00 207.00 204.00  190.00- 254.00 186.00- 282.00 190.50- 241.00  _ -  _ -  4 4 -  12 12 -  38 12 26  32 23 9  54 48 6  78 50 28  141 75 66  149 86 63  91 37 54  111 45 66  56 23 33  139 139 -  _ -  13 13 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Order clerks, class A.................... Manufacturing.............................  264 113  39.0 40.0  239.50 238.00  241.00 209.50- 260.00 224.00 200.00- 268.50  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  23 23  53 27  47 21  69 3  56 23  1 1  _ -  13 13  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Order clerks, class B.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  654 454 200  39.0 39.5 38.5  212.00 221.50 191.50  199.00 207.00 190.50  182.00- 246.50 182.00- 282.00 186.00- 204.00  _ -  _ -  4 4 -  12 12 -  38 12 26  32 23 9  54 48 6  76 48 28  118 52 66  96 59 37  44 16 28  42 42 -  _ -  138 138 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Accounting clerks............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  5,814 1,387 4,427  37.5 39.5 37.0  210.00 207.00 210.50  199.50 192.00 200.00  175.00- 230.00 175.00- 221.00 175.00- 233.00  _ -  20 12 8  173 40 133  142 20 122  351 59 292  327 79 248  770 195 575  575 197 378  592 195 397  1110 220 890  426 99 327  240 67 173  372 59 313  462 57 405  64 19 45  72 33 39  22 18 4  19 12 7  52 6 46  25 25  _ -  Accounting clerks, class A.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,552 606 1,946  37.5 39.5 37.0  236.00 233.00 237.00  217.50 200.00- 278.50 215.00 192.00- 254.00 219.50 200.00- 285.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  20 5 15  25 5 20  114 23 91  210 68 142  264 84 180  693 156 537  314 65 249  208 52 156  72 30 42  420 34 386  35 17 18  61 33 28  21 18 3  18 11 7  51 5 46  25 25  _ -  Accounting clerks, class B.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  3,262 781 2,481  37.5 39.0 37.0  189.50 187.00 190.00  180.00 180.00 179.50  162.50- 200.00 166.00- 197.00 162.50- 201.50  _ -  20 12 8  173 40 133  141 20 121  331 54 277  302 74 228  656 172 484  365 129 236  328 111 217  417 64 353  112 34 78  32 15 17  300 29 271  42 23 19  29 2 27  11 11  1 1  1 1 '  1 1 -  _ -  _ -  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  530 288 242  38.0 39.0 36.5  218.00 220.00 215.50  212.50 208.50 219.00  187.50- 241.00 190.00- 251.50 181.50- 230.00  _ -  1 1  19 18 1  3 3  12 5 7  32 22 10  51 13 38  17 11 6  62 30 32  93 64 29  100 22 78  55 37 18  19 19 "  29 29 -  12 9 3  13 7 6  8 2 6  4 4  _ -  _  -  _ -  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,941 604 1,337 169  38.0 39.5 37.0 39.0  200.50 210.50 196.00 284.50  187.00 170.00204.50 179.50180.00 165.00277.00 277.00-  220.00 233.50 216.00 300.50  _ -  -  13 4 9 -  27 8 19 -  163 47 116 -  271 29 242 -  260 63 197 -  263 68 195 5  179 61 118 -  277 132 145 3  176 56 120 9  69 39 30 11  107 21 86 82  77 63 14 13  24 6 18 18  12 2 10 10  _ -  20 2 18 18  1 1 -  2 2 -  _ -  Key entry operators, class A........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  993 405 588  39.0 39.5 38.5  215.50 224.00 209.50  208.50 217.00 194.00  180.00- 235.50 194.00- 246.00 170.00- 227.00  -  -  "  8 8  27 1 26  26 5 21  143 27 116  144 44 100  86 44 42  208 111 97  113 55 58  57 37 20  82 13 69  59 57 2  7 6 1  12 2 10  -  19 1 18  _ -  2 2 -  _ -  Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  948 199 749 68  37.0 39.5 36.0 39.5  185.00 183.00 185.50 268.00  174.50 160.00172.00 158.00174.50 161.00279.50 249.50-  -  -  -  -  19 8 11 -  136 46 90 -  245 24 221 -  117 36 81 -  119 24 95 5  93 17 76  69 21 48 -  63 1 62 9  12 2 10 8  25 8 17 17  18 6 12 12  17 17 17  -  -  13 4 9 -  -  1 1 -  1 1 -  _ -  _ -  194.50 195.00 194.50 292.50  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  4  -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  580 and over  Computer systems analysts (business)..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,879 400 1,479  38.0 39.5 38.0  411.00 425.00 407.50  419.00 347.50- 473.00 424.50 376.50- 477.50 415.50 335.50- 472.50  -  -  -  -  -  63 63  50 8 42  62 8 54  89 10 79  107 9 98  67 17 50  102 41 61  108 10 98  146 53 93  163 31 132  132 34 98  197 44 153  277 65 212  184 45 139  108 19 89  24 6 18  Computer systems analysts (business), class A................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  808 197 611  38.0 39.5 37.5  474.00 473.50 474.00  471.50 434.00- 517.50 472.00 431.00- 517.50 471.50 436.00- 517.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  5 5  23 15 8  31 31  36 11 25  56 10 46  60 16 44  132 21 111  194 56 138  146 44 102  100 18 82  24 6 18  Computer systems analysts (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  757 152 605  38.0 40.0 38.0  398.00 400.00 397.50  396.00 354.00- 441.00 393.00 365.00- 437.00 398.50 347.50- 441.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  35 4 31  73 1 72  38 9 29  67 23 44  69 7 62  104 36 68  105 20 85  72 18 54  65 23 42  83 9 74  38 1 37  8 1 7  _ -  Computer systems analysts (business), class C................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  314 51 263  38.5 39.5 38.0  281.00 313.00 274.50  277.50 249.50- 303.50 308.00 270.50- 342.00 275.00 249.00- 293.00  -  -  -  -  -  63 63  50 8 42  62 8 54  54 6 48  33 8 25  24 8 16  12 3 9  8 3 5  6 6 -  2 1 1  -  -  _ -  _ _ -  -  _ -  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,724 396 1,328  37.5 39.5 37.0  332.00 374.00 319.50  328.50 274.00- 383.00 365.00 336.00- 417.00 312.50 261.00- 375.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  23 23  144 144  165 11 154  168 13 155  126 19 107  179 22 157  140 58 82  175 60 115  129 42 87  160 48 112  126 26 100  64 30 34  46 24 22  51 30 21  22 11 11  5 1 4  1 1 -  Computer programmers (business), class A................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  599 150 449  38.0 40.0 37.5  399.50 424.50 391.00  390.50 367.00- 424.50 426.00 384.50- 459.00 386.50 360.00- 415.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10 1 9  46 4 42  74 12 62  67 10 57  122 22 100  117 18 99  58 26 32  37 19 18  43 28 15  19 8 11  5 1 4  1 1 -  Computer programmers (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  635 207 428  38.0 39.5 37.5  325.00 354.00 311.00  318.50 285.00- 353.50 345.00 326.00- 374.50 307.00 276.50- 340.00  -  -  -  -  "  "  39 39  85 1 84  87 14 73  113 19 94  82 50 32  97 46 51  60 30 30  37 25 12  9 8 1  6 4 2  9 5 4  8 2 6  3 3 -  _ -  _ _ -  Computer programmers (business), class C................... Nonmanufacturing......................  490 451  37.5 37.0  258.00 255.50  246.00 232.00- 278.00 244.50 232.00- 274.00  -  -  -  -  23 23  144 144  126 115  83 71  39 34  56 54  12 8  4 2  2 -  1 -  "  -  -  -  _ -  -  _ -  Computer operators......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,568 571 997 43  38.5 39.0 38.0 39.5  255.50 263.50 251.00 349.00  290.00 291.50 290.00 420.00  2  43 13 30 -  60 17 43 -  149 49 100 -  165 49 116 3  296 92 204 -  143 64 79 5  224 100 124 -  171 60 111 -  121 29 92 10  65 21 44 2  37 19 18 5  43 41 2 -  26 11 15 1  5 1 4 4  11 _ 11 11  3 1 2 2  .  4 4 _ -  _ _ -  -  Computer operators, class A...... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  399 154 245  38.5 39.5 38.0  317.50 322.50 314.00  310.00 290.00- 340.00 335.00 277.00- 368.00 306.00 290.00- 330.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  21 14 7  49 30 19  82 14 68  82 13 69  56 15 41  32 19 13  40 38 2  25 10 15  2 2  5 _ 5  3 1 2  _ _ -  .  -  _ “  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Computer operators, class B....... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  780 287 493  38.0 39.0 37.5  251.00 257.50 247.50  244.00 225.00- 273.00 257.00 225.00- 279.00 240.00 220.50- 272.00  _ -  _ -  7 4 3  75 18 57  62 22 40  209 66 143  102 39 63  172 67 105  85 42 43  37 14 23  9 6 3  5  3 3 -  1 1 -  3 1 2  6  . _  _ _  5  _  _  -  -  4 4 -  -  -  Computer operators, class C....... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  389 130 259  38.5 39.0 38.0  200.50 207.00 197.50  201.00 210.00 200.00  178.00- 225.50 184.00- 226.00 178.00- 224.00  2  53 13 40  74 31 43  103 27 76  85 26 59  20 11 9  3 3 -  4 4 -  2 2 -  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  . _  _  2  43 13 30  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Peripheral equipment operators......  58  38.5  220.50  180.00  168.50- 291.50  -  4  21  5  5  2  5  -  3  13  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Computer data librarians.................  52  37.5  203.00  192.00  169.00- 227.50  -  3  17  13  3  6  4  -  6  -  -  -  -  -  .248.50 262.00 240.00 359.00  217.00222.00210.00306.00-  -  2 -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  6  -  _ -  _ _  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  120 and under 140  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  500  540  580  580 and over  Drafters............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,398 1,562 836 59  39.5 40.0 38.5 39.5  317.00 327.00 298.00 393.50  320.00 325.00 304.00 402.50  372.00 381.50 359.00 402.50  _ -  17 17 -  61 61 -  96 61 35 -  153 99 54 -  143 112 31 -  134 58 76 -  184 111 73 -  197 156 41 -  234 149 85 -  206 118 88 -  220 145 75 5  243 152 91 21  106 82 24 1  137 101 36 19  106 85 21 6  86 71 15 7  67 54 13 -  8 8 -  _ -  _ -  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  924 627 297  39.5 40.0 39.0  381.00 394.50 352.50  374.50 341.50- 422.00 394.50 349.00- 433.00 355.00 321.00- 371.00  _  _  -  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  _ -  8 8  9 9  19 1 18  68 29 39  104 62 42  155 102 53  131 71 60  85 62 23  102 85 17  92 82 10  86 71 15  57 54 3  8 8 -  _ -  _ -  Drafters, class B.......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities.........................  850 572 278 47  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  314.50 311.50 320.50 382.00  308.00 301.00 319.00 373.00  350.50 350.50 361.50 402.50  _  _  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  36 26 10 -  67 36 31 -  134 81 53 -  134 116 18 -  133 102 31 -  89 48 41 -  65 43 22 5  112 81 31 21  21 20 1 1  35 16 19 19  14 3 11 1  _ -  10 10 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Drafters, class C........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  528 324 204  39.5 40.0 38.5  232.50 237.00 225.50  222.50 207.00- 257.50 224.50 208.00- 264.50 215.00 196.00- 250.00  _ -•  2 2  24 24  76 46 30  141 87 54  103 82 21  59 22 37  33 22 11  44 39 5  33 18 15  13 8 5  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Drafter-tracers.............................  96  38.0  186.00  176.00  -  15  37  20  12  4  -  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  210 197 13  324 305 19  323 261 62  436 377 59  274 215 59  212 166 46  201 131 70  149 108 41  249 172 77  121 106 15  668 30 638  -  _ -  -  1  1 1  2  -  98 88 10  1  -  5 5 -  259.50267.00242.00369.00-  273.50280.00271.50369.00-  163.50- 199.50  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  3,300 2,187 1,113  40.0 40.0 40.0  328.50 298.50 387.50  315.00 271.00- 399.00 290.00 250.00- 339.50 433.00 342.00- 433.00 •  -  -  26 26 -  Electronics technicians, class A... Manufacturing.............................  1,402 683  40.0 40.0  394.50 361.00  411.50 364.00- 433.00 364.00 328.00- 393.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  9 9  45 45  63 59  118 118  98 90  81 61  205 170  108 98  668 30  1 -  1 -  2 -  _  -  3 3  _  -  -  -  Electronics technicians, class B ... Manufacturing.............................  916 644  40.0 40.0  302.00 287.00  299.00 269.50- 337.00 286.00 250.00- 310.00  _  _  _  _  _  84 38  97 35  68 47  44 2  13 8  _  _  -  146 96  _  -  169 135  _  -  86 81  _  -  114 107  _  -  95 95  -  -  -  -  -  -  Electronics technicians, class C...  790  40.0  255.50  262.00 233.50- 282.00  -  -  26  3  94  91  153  198  190  31  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing.............................  174 135  39.0 39.5  320.50 317.50  327.00 298.00- 345.50 326.50 294.00- 342.00  _  _  _  _  -  10 9  12 9  17 13  30 21  39 38  30 23  18 6  6 4  1 1  1 1  2 2  1 1  _  -  3 3  _  -  4 4  _  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6  -  2  _ -  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Av erage (m ean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  197 161  37.0 36.5  195.00 198.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  2,406 683 1,723  37.5 39.5 37.0  189.00 198.50 185.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................  980 329 651  38.0 39.5 37.0  203.00 212.50 198.00  1,426 354 1,072 45  37.5 40.0 37.0 38.5  179.00 185 00 177.00 297.00  Office occupations men File clerks................................................................. Nonmanufacturing...............................................  66 63  37.5 37.5  173.00 173.50  805 68 737  38.0 38.0 38.0  146.00 172.00 143.50  489  37.5  373  37.0  229.50 259.00 220.00  303 87 216  38.0 39.0 37.5  258.00 273.50 251.50  186  37.0  183.00  Office occupations women Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  39.5 37.0 38.5  262.00 240.00 298.00  Secretaries, class A.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  488 166 322  38.0 39.0 37.5  320.50 327.50 316.50  Secretaries, class B.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,949 662 1,287  38.0 39.0 37.5  282.50 306.00 270.00  38.5  256.00  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities ...............................................  3,426 <,906 1,520 141  37.5 38.5  242.50 295.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing......................................................  Public utilities...................................................  Typists, class B..................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities...................................................  Nonmanufacturing................................................ File clerks, class A.................................................  9,916 4,398 5,518 458  3,100 1,457 1,643 113  39.5 37.0 40.0  237.50 212.00 268.00  689 207  37.0 39.0  205.50 194.50  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities...................................................  1,293 178 1,115  37 0 40.0 36.5  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  D  37.5 36.5  213.00 181.00  574 545  36.5 36.5  157.00 155.00  422 379  37.0 36.5  144.00 142.50  167 131  38.0 37.5  158.50 148.50  630 184 446 70  38.0 39.5 37.5 39.0  199.00 218.50 190.50 272.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  720 284 436  38.5 39.0 38.0  188.00 201.00 180.00  Older clerks...............................................................  833 534 299  39.0 39.5 38.0  219.00 223.00 212.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Order clerks, class A.............................................  187 88  38.5 40.0  241.50 227.50  347 207 140 54  39.0 40.0 38.0 40.0  260.00 259.00 262.00 337.00  Order clerks, class B............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  646 446 200  39.0 39.5 38.5  212.50 222.00 191.50  121 84  38.0 37.5  250.00 238.00  Accounting clerks...................................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  5,260 1,271 3,989  37.5 39.5 37.0  208.00 202.00 210.00  226 170 56 36  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  265.50 255.00 298.00 341.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................  2,217 519 1,698  37 5 39.5 37.0  233.50 226.00 235.50  7  Weekly Weekly hours' earnings (stand­ (in dollars)' ard) 37 5 39.5 36.5  189.50 185 50 191.00  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  491 263 228  38.0 39.0 36.5  215.00 215.50 214.00  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,815 598 1,217 169  37.5 39.5 37.0 39.0  200.50 211.00 195.50 284.50  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  405 516  39.5 38.0  215.00 224.00 208.00  894 701 68  36.5 39.5 36.0 39.5  185.50 183.50 186 00 268.00  1,277 305 972  38.0 39 5 38.0  429.50  636 161 475  38.0 39.5 37.5  479.00 482.50 478.00  502 121 381  38.5 40.0 38.0  406.00 404.00 406.50  139 116  38.5 38.0  289.00 280.00  1,083 280 803  38.0  339.00  37.5  327.00  397 109 288  38.0 40.0 37.5  404.50 426.00 396.50  411 138 273  38.0 39.5 37.5  328.00 355.00 314.00  275 242  37.5 37.0  262.00 258.50  230.00 155.00  297 191  Number of workers  3,043 752 2,291  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business)..............................................................  426.50  Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts  Switchboard operator-  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Average (mean2)  Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Computer programmers  Computer programmers  Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  1,142 389  Manufacturing......................................................  Drafters............................................................. Manufacturing......................................................  Drafters, class B...................................................  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  38.0 39.0  258.50 270.50  317 104 213  38.5 39.5 38.0  321.00 337.50 313.00  590 210 380  38.0 39.0 37.5  248.00  235 75 160  38.0 39.0 37.5  200.00  2,156 1,426 730  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  324.50 332.50 309.00 393.50  243.00  193.50  906 624 282  40.0 40.0 39.5  382.00 394.50 355.00  765 508 257 47  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.5  316.00 312.50 323.50 382.00  428 267 161  39.5 40.0 38.5  234.50 236.00 232.00  57  38.5  194.50  3,098 2,030 1,068  40.0 40.0 40.0  331.00 301.00 388.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  1,355 670  40.0 40.0  394.50 361.50  Manufacturing......................................................  869 597  40.0 40.0  303.50 288.00  Electronics technicians, class C...........................  714  40.0  256.50  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business), class C............................................ Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Computer operators, class A............................... Manufacturing......................................................  occupations - women Computer systems analysts Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  582 95 487  38.0 39.5 38.0  172 136  38.0 38.0  370.50 375.50 369.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class C.............................................  Computer programmers (business), class A............................................. Nonmanufacturing................................................  380.50  175 147  38.5 38.0  274.50 270.50  641  37.5  319.50  525  37.0  308.00  202 161  37.5 36.5  389.50 381.50  224 69 155  38.0 39.0 37.0  320.00 351.00 306.50  Drafters.................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing......................................................  .  .  .  .  ^  Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing................................................  8  Weekly Weekly hours' earnings (stand­ (in dollars)1 ard)  215 209  37.0 37.0  253.50 252.00  182  39.5  249.00  74 50  39.5 40.0  300.00 292.00  166  38.5 39.5  254.50 257.00  55 89  39.5 38.0  201.00 198.50 203.00  242 136 106  39.0 40.0 37.5  249.00 269.50 222.50  85 64  39.5 40.0  297.50 303.00  100 57  38.5 40.0  224.00 240.50  202 157  40.0 40.0  286.50 261.50  76 65  40.0 40.0  245.50 249.50  171 134  39.0 39.5  320.50 317.50  461.00  Computer systems analysts 235  of workers  Computer operators, class C...............................  Computer systems analysts  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Registered industrial nurses.................................... Manufacturing......................................................  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 5.00 Under and 5.00 under 5.30  5.30  5.60  5.90  6.20  6.50  6.80  7.10  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60 11.00 11.40 11.80 12.20 13.00  5.60  5.90  6.20  6.50  6.80  7.10  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  13.00 13.80  4 4  10 6 4  7 5 2  11 9 2  12 10 2  30 7 23  35 32 3  117 101 16  30 20 10  81 9 72  _  -  26 19 7  1 1  _ -  _ -  7 3 4  3 3 -  _ -  _ “  _ -  _  -  -  _ -  6 6 -  11 10 1  23 21 2  75 53 22  84 75 9  61 49 12  91 85 6  269 232 37  81 38 43  59 35 24  _ -  70 70 -  _ -  14 14 -  29 29 -  25 25  _ -  _  _  _  2  16 15 1  48 44 4  35 29 6  4 3 1  11 8 3  _  _  -  -  -  9  12  -  -  -  6 6 -  _ -  _ -  _  -  -  6 4 2  -  2  15 4 11  _  -  46 46  12  -  _ -  9  -  13 13  _ -  12 12  _ -  19 19  4 4  _ -  34 34  59 59  57 57  218 218  143 143  26 26  20 20  14 14  26 26  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  -  -  4  26 26 -  61 56 5  71 52 19  33 33 -  26 24 2  40 39 1  54 54 -  225 219 6  78 72 6  168 151 17  216 198 18  4  82 79 3  -  3 3  6 6  -  -  4  131 89 42  -  4  -  16  16 3 13 10  76 25 51 51  95 57 38 38  119 6 113 113  13 13  15 3 12 12  31  13 7 6  21  25  35  27  21  -  -  -  -  144 9 135 135  35 35  27 27  21 21  42 40  125 123  102 100  _  21 21  44 38  4 4  4 4  _  378 224 154  8.46 8.37 8.59  8.39 8.02- 9.22 8.28 8.02- 8.49 9.22 7.59- 9.22  _ -  _ -  _  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  898 717 181  9.19 9.11 9.54  9.08 8.39- 9.68 9.08 8.39- 9.41 9.60 8.55-10.04  _ -  _ -  _  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  210 113 97  7.98 8.21 7.70  7.89 6.94- 8.24 8.02 7.89- 8.23 6.94 6.77- 8.67  _ -  -  -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing.............................  645 645  8.65 8.65  8.80 8.45- 9.00 8.80 8.45- 9.00  _  -  _ -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,228 1,092 136  8.38 8.32 8.82  8.50 7.63- 9.24 8.47 7.63- 9.24 9.21 8.05-10.04  -  -  -  -  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  689 127 562 517  9.83 8.77 10.07 10.04  8.50-11.65 8.15- 8.88 8.73-11.65 8.54-11.65  -  -  -  -  -  1  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  16 15  19 4 15 15  12 12  12 12  _  2 2  2 2  11 11  39 39  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  33 33  _  -  -  -  3 3  _  _  _  -  -  -  1 1  _  _  _  _  -  -  “  “  3  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  89 71  8.99 8.97  9.17 8.68- 9.24 9.24 8.49- 9.24  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  15 15  6 5  16 14  43 28  _  -  Millwrights........................................ Manufacturing.............................  160 158  7.72 7.71  8.28 6.94- 8.28 8.28 6.82- 8.28  _  _  _  -  -  12 12  17 17  6 6  6 6  2 2  2 2  20 20  69 67  19 19  _  -  5 5  -  2 2  Maintenance trades helpers...........  153  5.48  5.25 4.50- 6.02  * 58  19  18  8  17  13  3  6  3  3  -  -  2  -  -  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing............................  225 223  7.58 7.59  7.82 6.85- 8.33 7.83 6.95- 8.33  _  _  _  20 20  7 5  27 27  9 9  20 20  50 50  35 35  25 25  -  -  6 6  -  -  22 22  _  -  4 4  -  -  “  -  -  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing............................  557 557  9.39 9.39  9.30 8.91- 9.72 9.30 8.91- 9.72  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  56 56  20 20  38 38  42 42  133 133  157 157  24 24  8 8  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  275 132 143  8.81 9.27 8.38  8.50 7.65- 9.55 9.09 8.34-10.96 8.18 7.16- 9.00  _  _  _  6 6 -  -  58 4 54  3  -  2 2  -  -  2 2  -  -  3  33 17 16  34 24 10  23 8 15  43 23 20  10 7 3  9 4 5  46 3 _ _ 6.83 6.13- 8.23 _ 158 7.44 Boiler tenders.................................. 6.95 6.13- 8.23 46 1 152 7.47 Manufacturing............................ ■ * Workers were distributed as follows: 7 under $4.10; 10 at $4.10 to $4.40; 29 at $4.40 to $4.70; and 12 at $4.70 to $5.00. See footnotes at end of tables.  23 21  13 11  3 3  3 3  17 17  18 18  8 8  _  24 24  -  -  9  -  -  -  -  8.63 8.49- 9.24 8.62 8.28- 9.24  -  -  25 12  9.00 8.98  -  -  -  -  448 436  -  -  -  21  -  31 31  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing............................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12.20  4 4  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  9.00 8.50 9.87 9.87  11.40 11.80  _  _  "  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  25 25  15 15  _  37 37  _  _  -  -  -  6 5 1  24 24 -  3 3  5 5 -  5 5 -  9 9  _  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  ■  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  3.10 and under 3.40  3.40  3.70  4.00  4.30  4.60  4.90  5.20  5.50  5.80  6.10  6.40  6.70  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00 10.50  11.00  11.50  3.70  4.00  4.30  4.60  4.90  5.20  5.50  5.80  6.10  6.40  6.70  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00  10.50  11.50  12.00  11.00  -  33 5 28 -  26 24 2 -  7 4 3 -  32 14 18 -  27 23 4 -  419 24 395 10  17 13 4 -  33 27 6 1  9 4 5 -  57 29 28 10  136 21 115 96  414 63 351 17  92 49 43 33  465 42 423 378  195 162 33 31  297 200 97 1  170 61 109  213 213 -  1593 1593 1593  30 30 30  _ -  _ -  33 5  18 18  5 4  11 10  11 11  8 4  -  -  3 3  3 3  1 1  4 4  -  “  -  -  -  “  -  ~  ~  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 -  2 -  21 4  10 6  27 20  9 5  18 15  4  31 17  38 19  27 21  13 -  4 -  60 60  201 200  -  “  177 “  ~  8.09 7.40- 9.07 9.07 8.55-10.21 7.55 5.63- 8.95  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  384 384  8 8 -  6 4 2  1 1 -  10 10  96 1 95  350 20 330  18 13 5  391 13 378  115 84 31  -  63 54 9  21 21  254 254  -  10.60-11.45 7.87- 9.00 10.60-11.45 11.45-11.45  _ -  _ -  _ •-  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  "  -  “  1 1 ”  13 9 4 "  -  22 18 4 “  8 8 ~  70 29 41 “  18 18 ”  96 96 -  61 7 54 “  192 192 -  987 987 987  30 30 30  6.57 6.47 6.81  6.70 5.79- 6.93 6.70 5.90- 6.86 5.79 4.35- 8.83  _  _  _  -  -  -  13 6 7  33 33  6 2 4  12 10 2  9 8 1  60 37 23  29 29 ~  17 17 “  29 29 -  116 116 -  19 19 ~  12 12 -  12 12  40 40  25 25  ~  '  '  ~  ■  626 186 440  7.10 5.86 7.62  7.35 5.56- 8.63 5.97 5.30- 6.28 8.63 6.55- 8.63  _ -  _ -  -  “  3 2 1  16 15 1  15 15 -  49 7 42  28 16 12  70 31 39  29 28 1  29 27 2  27 6 21  19 19 “  55 20 35  50 50  2 2  221 221  13 13  -  -  -  -  ~  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  579 505 74  6.35 6.40 6.02  6.40 5.26- 7.44 7.38 5.26- 7.44 5.85 4.25- 6.88  _ -  _ -  t _ -  32 12 20  27 22 5  34 32 2  43 43 “  69 66 3  26 21 5  5 5  42 31 11  22 21 1  7 3 4  251 251 ~  -  12 12  7 1 6  1 1 ”  1 1 ~  -  -  -  -  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,241 474 767 51  7.22 6.76 7.50 8.90  7.35 6.79 7.35 8.58  26 26 -  19 13 6 -  26 26 -  40 39 1 “  10 10 “  5 5 -  54 47 7 “  21 19 2  43 16 27 “  22 14 8  39 32 7 ~  27 27 “  16 10 6 ~  386 15 371 6  164 78 86 9  68 68 5  40 6 34 11  185 132 53 ~  6 6 -  20 20 20  24 24 “  —  ~  47 31 16  7 1 6  24 21 3  25 20 5  8 8 -  7 7 -  54 4 50  2 2 “  _ -  ~  _ -  _ “  _ -  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  4,265 765 3,500 2,200  9.39 8.40 9.60 10.69  Truckdrivers, light truck............... Manufacturing............................  97 63  Truckdrivers, medium truck.......... Manufacturing............................  9.88 9.07 10.60 11.45  7.55-11.45 7.63- 9.88 7.55-11.45 9.09-11.45  .-  -  4.94 5.26  4.55 4.13- 5.40 4.97 4.50- 5.46  _ -  644 367  9.21 8.82  9.88 7.48-11.45 9.88 7.86- 9.88  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,717 198 1,519  8.23 8.95 8.13  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,498 89 1,409 1,017  10.93 8.49 11.08 11.47  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  432 297 135  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  11.45 8.50 11.45 11.45  6.51- 8.17 5.15- 9.07 7.35- 8.17 7.75-10.12  _  .-  .  ~  -  ~  ~  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  848 465 383  5.14 5.11 5.18  4.81 4.25- 5.62 4.81 4.25- 5.51 4.95 3.40- 5.95  66 66  43 6 37  22 15 7  148 127 21  44 24 20  138 115 23  82 24 58  59 37 22  53 23 30  19 19  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing.............................  384 296  5.48 5.67  5.05 4.60- 6.55 5.05 4.68- 7.04  -  16 16  -  29 9  38 28  61 42  72 64  28 6  12 8  12 10  9 7  14 13  4 4  77 77  9 9  1 1  1 1  ”  -  -  1 1  ~  -  ~  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing.............................  1,855 1,508  5.69 5.44  5.18 4.47- 6.59 5.18 4.47- 6.27  _  -  13 13  46 36  135 112  393 337  92 70  267 239  192 187  55 46  69 60  101 92  86 80  30 29  167 167  26 26  13 -  153 -  3 -  14 14  -  _  _  -  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  685 414 271  8.35 7.14 10.19  7.68 6.86- 9.84 6.91 6.09- 7.66 11.45 8.90-11.45  _ -  _ “  _ -  _ “  -  14 14 “  1 1 ”  5 5 -  14 14 ”  93 93 “  ~  20 20 -  63 63 ”  62 62 ~  106 84 22  ■  77 6 71  41 7 34  45 45 “  ~  ”  144 144  -  Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  6,782 836 5,946  4.02 6.32 3.70  3.50 3.30- 3.90 6.16 5.89- 6.92 3.40 3.30- 3.75  2583 2583  1739 1739  816 13 803  225 28 197  98 23 75  37 16 21  66 36 30  250 8 242  89 65 24  127 104 23  282 254 28  83 40 43  149 80 69  152 113 39  37 24 13  2 2  4 4  _ “  11 11  32 32 -  “  -  “  Guards, class A............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  684 603  5.66 5.53  5.28 5.28- 6.62 5.28 5.06- 6.41  _  _  20 20  12 8  21 21  243 239  39 17  21 21  15 15  36 36  47 47  90 39  13 13  2 2  4 4  11 11  -  -  -  -  110 110  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  10  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.10 and under 3.40  3.40  3.70  4.00  4.30  4.60  4.90  5.20  5.50  5.80  6.10  6.40  6.70  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00  10.50 11.00  11.50  3.70  4.00  4.30  4.60  4.90  5.20  5.50  5.80  6.10  6.40  6.70  7.00  7.50  8.00  8.50  9.00  9.50  10.00 10.50 11.00 11.50 12.00  Guards, class B............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  5,653 755 4,898  3.86 6.29 3.49  3.40 3.30- 3.80 6.16 5.90- 6.92 3.40 3.30- 3.65  2356 2356  1653 1653  620 13 607  188 28 160  81 23 58  25 12 13  40 36 4  7 4 3  43 43 -  106 104 2  267 254 13  47 40 7  102 80 22  62 62 -  24 24 -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  32 32 -  _  -  -  -  -  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  6,213 1,768 4,445  4.65 5.84 4.18  4.18 3.70- 5.10 5.69 4.69- 6.91 3.85 3.70- 4.29  47 13 34  359 48 311  2416 76 2340  717 68 649  821 210 611  176 102 74  193 117 76  167 136 31  194 142 52  324 299 25  44 40 4  45 42 3  84 70 14  401 233 168  78 55 23  2  40 12 28  105 105 -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  -  2  -  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Public utilities...............................................................  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)......................................  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  158 152  7.44 7.47  4,260 764 3,496 2,200  9.39 8.41 9.60 10.69  96 62  4.94 5.26  640 367  9.21 8.82  1,717 198 1,519  8.23 8.95 8.13  1,498 89 1,409 1,017  10.93 8.49 11.08  356 292  6 17 6.46  8.45 8.37 8.57  891 717 174  9.20 9.11 9.57  204 113 91  7.96 8.21 7.65  641 641  8.65 8.65  1,223 1,087 136  8.38 8.32 8.82  689 127 562 517  9.83 8.77 10.07 10.04  436  8.98  182  5.85  89 71  8.99 8.97  561  6.33  62  5.79  1,177 465 712 42  7.25 6.78 7.56 9.15  240  5.68  210 160  5.48 5.69  1,467 1,380  5.42 5.43  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  160 158  7.72 7.71  151  5.44  225 223  7.58 7.59  557 557  9.39 9.39  Shipping packers....................................................................  267 132 135  8.80 9.27 8.34  Manufacturing...................................................................  Warehousemen......................................................................  12  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  604 404  8.30 7.13  5,902 788 5,114  4.05 6.31 3./1  629 551  5.64 5.51  4,871 710 4,161  3.90 6.27 3.49  4,137 1,603 2,534 203  4.96 5.87 4.38 6.91  Order fillers: Manufacturing..................................................................  225  4.51  Shipping packers: Manufacturing..................................................................  136  5.64  128  5.47  856 808  3.71 3.54  770 725  3.63 3.45  165  5.53  occupations - men Truckdrivers............................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  370 222 148  Maintenance mechanics  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)................................................................. Manufacturing..................................................................  Number of workers  Guards, class B.................................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Material handling laborers:  Janitors, porters, and cleaners: Manufacturing..................................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Boston, Mass., selected periods All industries Period5  Indexes (August 1977=100): August 1979....................................................................................................... August 1980...................................................................................................... Percent increases: August 1972 to August 1973............................................................................ August 1973 to August 1974............................................................................ August 1974 to August 1975............................................................................ August 1975 to August 1976............................................................................ August 1976 to August 1977........................................................................... August 1977 to August 1978............................................................................ August 1978 to August 1979............................................................................ August 1979 to August 1980............................................................................ See footnotes at end of tables.  Manufacturing  Nonmanufacturing  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  114.4 124.9  115.2 125.2  118.3 129.8  115.5 126.6  115.7 126.3  114.7 126.2  116.2 127.0  117.8 128.9  115.9 127.0  115.5 126.9  114.2 124.1  114.8 124.6  o (•)  116.0 126.2  5.5 7.6 8.1 6.9 6.4 6.0 7.9 9.2  c) 6.5 6.3 6.1 5.8 6.7 8.0 8.7  6.2 7.5 9.2 7.4 5.9 8.7 8.8 9.7  6.6 8.5 7.9 8.6 7.3 7.3 7.6 9.6  6.1 9.1 8.2 8.0 6.5 7.1 8.0 9.2  5.9 7.2 7.7 8.2 7.1 5.9 8.3 10.0  c) 7.4 7.7 6.9 5.9 7.7 7.9 9.3  6.8 8.1 9.9 7.8 6.3 8.5 8.6 9.4  6.4 8.1 7.6 9.1 6.6 7.7 7.6 9.6  6.3 9.1 8.4 8.5 7.4 5.5 9.5 9.9  5.2 7.8 8.3 6.3 6.1 6.0 7.7 8.7  « 6.1 5.5 5.8 5.8 6.3 8.0 8.5  5.1 6.4 7.8 6.7 c) c) o o  5.4 9.1 8.2 7.7 6.0 8.2 7.2 8.8  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for office clerical occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1980 Office clerical occupation being compared  Occupation which equals 100  Tran­ Secretaries Stenographers scrib­ Typists File clerks ing Class Class Class Class Class Gener­ ma­ Class Class Class Class Class Senior chine A B C D E C al A B A B typists  Secretaries, class A................................................................................................... 100 Secretaries, class B................................................................................................... 117 100 Secretaries, class C................................................................................................... 134 117 100 Secretaries, class D.............................................................. 152 134 115 100 Secretaries, class E................................................................................................... 167 149 128 112 100 Stenographers, senior............................................................................ .................. 175 142 129 115 o 100 Stenographers, general............................................................................................. 171 146 132 116 o 106 Transcribing-machine typists.................................................................................... 144 119 115 97 <•> o Typists, class A......................................................................................................... 163 145 132 123 105 117 Typists, class B......................................................................................................... 182 160 148 133 134 120 File clerks, class A .................................. 183 149 143 127 o 98 File clerks, class B.................................................................................................... 202 152 170 133 130 n File clerks, class C.................................................................................................... 225 189 156 138 (•) o Messengers............................................................................................................... 195 173 156 135 126 142 Switchboard operators.............................................................................................. 158 139 121 110 98 100 Switchboard operator137 99 103 receptionists.......................................................................................................... 163 128 114 Order clerks, class A................................................................................................. 0 0 97 96 0 0 Order clerks, class B................................................................................................. 183 142 123 112 101 <*) Accounting clerks, class A........................................................................................ 138 120 111 101 98 94 Accounting clerks, class B........................................................................................ 166 140 128 102 114 114 Payroll clerks............................................................................................................. 145 107 125 98 93 94 Key entry operators, class A..................................................................................... 147 134 117 103 102 99 Key entry operators, class B..................................................................................... 166 144 137 116 115 117 NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings within establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the column heading are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the table stub at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  100 o 102 115 106 109 145 121 98 101 (*> 0 86 99 96 95 105  13  100 104 108 129 122 136 129 109  100 118 99 118 130 125 97  100 85 105 114 110 90  100 115 o 119 91  100 117 101 82  100 102 80  Switch­ Accounting Key entry Switch­ board Order clerks clerks Mes­ operators board opera­ Payroll sen­ clerks opera­ tor Class Class Class Class Class Class gers tors -recep­ A B B B A A tionists  100 80  109 111 97 97 91 86 86 70 o o o 94 o o 0 125 97 n 87 0 87 98 89 82 87 76 71 73 113 105 95 100 89 78 89 98 88 73 87 79 66 76 107 89 94 93 85 74 80 117 107 96 98 86 80 87 the left in the stub. Similarly, a value of 85 indicates earnings for the occupation in the stub. See appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  100 104 100 81 100 0 110 105 131 100 89 86 95 78 101 100 143 103 87 90 99 89 97 93 101 89 108 105 0 105 earnings for the occupation in  100 119 100 104 100 89 105 90 105 100 120 104 115 100 114 the heading are 15 percent below  Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for professional and technical occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1980 Professional and technical occupation being compared Occupation which equals 100  Computer systems analysts (business) Class A  Class B  Class C  Computer programmers (busi­ ness) Class A  Class B  Peripher­ Comput­ al equip­ er data ment op­ librarians Class C erators Class A  Computer operators  Class C  Class A  Class B  Drafters  Regis­ tered in­ dustrial Class C nurses  Electronics technicians  Class B  Class C  Tracers  100  Class A  Class B  Computer systems analysts Computer systems analysts  100 123  100  153  126  100  122  110  71  100  151  132  90  124  100  180 143 183 234  162 120 155 198  («) 89 118 159  154 127 157 201  120 103 131 162  100 86 110 131  100 129 156  100 127  100  (<•) 257 119 151 214 266  («) 209 104 131 184 216  <8) 132 (6) 100 132 (8)  181 182 99 123 164 («)  149 144 87 110 155 186  129 122 73 93 127 139  161 149 85 104 138 175  142 126 71 90 115 140  (6) 100 58 79 96 109  100 104 58 0 c) (6)  100 (8) (8) 110 (8)  100 126 164 204  100 128 171  100 124  129  105  75  110  92  74  90  71  59  67  64  108  83  65  o  100  155  125  89  127  108  85  109  88  61  72  70  128  102  78  66  124  100  139 101  114 82  142 100  111 85  75 69  (8) 0  (8) 72  147 125  116 102  87 81  73 69  143 116  117 99  Computer systems analysts Computer programmers Computer programmers Computer programmers  Peripheral equipment  Electronics technicians, Electronics technicians, Electronics technicians, (6) 160 200 159 128 93 124 148 Registered industrial nurses...................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  14  100 «  100  Table A-10. Average pay relationships within establishments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1980 Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupation being compared Mechanics  Occupation which equals 100 Carpenters Electricians  Maintenance carpenters....... 100 Maintenance electricians...... 95 100 Maintenance painters........... 105 108 Maintenance machinists....... 96 103 Maintenance mechanics (machinery)........................ Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)................. 100 106 Maintenance pipefitters......... 101 97 Maintenance sheet-metal workers............................... 101 95 Millwrights.............................. 99 108 Maintenance trades helpers.. 138 147 Machine-tool operators (toolroom).......................... 107 116 Tool and die makers............. 89 95 Stationary engineers............. 94 96 Boiler tenders........................ 110 103 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Motor vehicles  100  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  T rades helpers  MachineTool and tool operators die makers (toolroom)  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  100 120  100  Class B  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  100  94  100  C) 99  101  94  96  96  92 95 119  98 104 140  96  95 90 (8>  100 100 146  100 146  100 C)  101  110  113  f)  88  88  (8)  91 107  102  113 94 91 105  109 94 97  107 92 84  76 69 83  100  92 90 105  111  101  (6)  104  91 101  (8) (8)  108  (8)  84 88  100 103 (8)  Table A-11. Average pay relationships within establishments for material movement and custodial occupations, Boston, Mass., August 1980 Material movement and custodial occupation being compared Truckdrivers  Occupation which equals 100 Light truck Truckdrivers, light truck....... Truckdrivers, medium truck. Truckdrivers, heavy truck..... Truckdrivers. tractor-trailer... Shippers............................... Receivers............................ Shippers and receivers....... Warehousemen.................... Order fillers........................... Shipping packers................. Material handling laborers Forklift operators................. Guards, class A.................... Guards, class B.................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................  Medium truck  Heavy truck  Tractortrailer  100  Shippers  Receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  Guards Forklift operators  Class A  100 (8)  (8)  100 94  (8)  (8)  (8)  102  100 95 104  (8)  (a)  100  91 108  (8)  (8)  101  99  116  102  (8)  100  110  (8)  143 146 128 103 90 125  (8)  <8)  114 137 124 155  101  98 99  (8)  (8)  106  (8)  (8)  (8)  <8)  (8)  126  111 (8) (8)  99  (8)  100 90 102 145 152 117 97 (s) 118  145 138 121  125  100 100  100  (8)  (8)  99 102  119 114 99  101  15  100 101  99 78  100  (8)  104  104  116  See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers and receivers  100  95 85 84 96  100 86 (8)  100  100 105 118 116  100 (8)  100 109  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  120 and under 130  130 140  150  150  160 170  160  180  170 180  190  200  200  190  220  210  210  230  230  220  240  320  300  300  280  260  240  280  260  340  340  320  360  360  380  380  420  420 and over  _ -  28 28  84 4 80  156 13 143  155 28 127  264 72 192  390 143 247  468 173 295  517 201 316  483 243 240  548 266 282  949 515 434  824 478 346  745 526 219  496 318 178  372 262 110  164 106 58  58 29 29  114 71 43  26 15 11  _  _  _  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ ~  _ “  2 2  _ -  _ “  2 2  7 7  13 2 11  19 5 14  22 22  45 10 35  47 21 26  17 12 5  32 23 9  17 * 11 6  _  _  -  _ -  _  -  _ -  _ -  2 2  2 2  16 16  24 3 21  20 5 15  45 7 38  70 13 57  125 55 70  150 47 103  246 147 99  194 136 58  37 16 21  26 15 11  65 43 22  6 1 5  _  -  _ -  _  _  -  -  171.50- 205.00 183.00- 212.00  _ -  _  278.00 278.00 266.50 344.50  229.00243.50219.50295.50-  282.00 282.00 344.50 370.50  266.50  229.00- 299.00  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  6,841 3,463 3,378  38.5 39.5 37.5  252.00 266.00 237.50  245.00 212.00- 289.50 262.00 229.00- 293.00 230.00 200.00- 268.00  _  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  223 84 139  39.0 39.0 38.5  339.50 367.50 322.50  340.00 314.00- 368.50 366.00 342.50- 385.00 321.50 294.00- 345.00  Secretaries, class B ............. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.....................  1,028 488 540  38.5 39.5 38.0  301.50 315.00 289.00  306.50 273.00- 325.00 314.00 296.50- 325.00 292.50 249.00- 315.00  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,429 1,421 1,008  38.5 39.5 37.5  263.50 275.50 246.00  261.00 235.00- 289.50 274.00 248.50- 298.00 244.00 219.00- 270.50  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,557 1,307 1,250  38.5 39.5 37.5  224.00 239.00 208.50  220.00 199.50- 245.00 235.00 212.00- 266.00 207.50 185.50- 227.50  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing.............................  289 163  38.5 39.0  189.50 197.50  193.00 198.50  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  272 191 81 47  39.5 40.0 38.5 40.0  267.00 261.00 281.00 334.00  Stenographers, senior.................  73  39.0  267.50  Stenographers, general............... Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..........................  140  -  -  _  _  -  -  8 8  32 32  30 30  71 7 64  82 19 63  99 35 64  161 78 83  205 109 96  477 275 202  501 291 210  352 261 91  181 155 26  126 115 11  72 66 6  14 2 12  15 5 10  3 3 ~  23 23  67 67  95 2 93  74 8 66  180 60 120  217 96 121  291 126 165  320 135 185  262 148 114  249 148 101  336 221 115  171 130 41  221 213 8  44 16 28  3 1 2  3 3  1 1  -  ”  -  5 -  17 4  45 11  45 20  22 12  56 40  40 28  34 28  17 12  2 2  6 6  “  -  -  “  ~  ~  _  ~  _ -  -  -  1 1  3 2 1 -  5 3 2 “  16 9 7 ■  11 6 5 ~  11 7 4 ”  6 4 2 -  16 11 5 3  10 4 6 -  23 16 7 5  39 34 5 3  94 91 3 3  1 1 1  1 1 -  18 3 15 15  9 9 9  7 7 7  1 1 1  -  -  -  -  1  2  7  7  1  -  2  3  9  7  20  1  1  3  6  3  -  4  10  6  14  7  14  32  74  -  -  15  3  4  1  199  40.0  266.50  278.00 232.00- 282.00  -  -  -  1  2  3  9  32  40.0  336.00  344.50 297.50- 352.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  2  3  3  -  -  15  3  4  1  29 19  13 13  2 2  12 12  4 4  4 4  4 4  -  “  “  “  "  “  -  T ranscribing-machine typists.......... Nonmanufacturing......................  134 121  37.0 37.0  190.50 190.50  190.00 186.50  165.00- 205.00 164.00- 209.00  _ -  -  ~  10 10  28 28  12 12  16 13  Typists.............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,573 422 1,151  38.0 40.0 37.5  188.00 199.50 183.50  178.50 194.00 175.00  162.00- 204.00 175.00- 216.50 160.00- 200.00  2 2  34 34  96 17 79  151 8 143  250 30 220  292 80 212  143 56 87  123 31 92  142 32 110  99 77 22  59 25 34  47 10 37  46 28 18  67 23 44  6 4 2  -  10 10  1 1 -  1 1  4 4  -  Typists, class A............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  581 263 318  39.0 40.0 38.0  203.00 211.50 195.50  194.00 210.00 186.50  175.00- 214.00 188.50- 221.50 170.00- 200.00  _ -  6 6  16 16  13 13  37 6 31  108 25 83  60 37 23  85 27 58  64 30 34  67 61 6  31 23 8  13 8 5  29 23 6  30 18 12  6 4 2  "  10 10  1 1 -  1 1  4 4  -  Typists, class B............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  992 159 833  37.5 40.0 37.0  179.50 180.00 179.00  170.00 175.00 170.00  160.00- 197.00 165.00- 180.00 159.00- 199.00  2 2  28 28  80 17 63  138 8 130  213 24 189  184 55 129  83 19 64  38 4 34  78 2 76  32 16 16  28 2 26  34 2 32  17 5 12  37 5 32  “  -  -  “  “  -  "  File clerks......................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  697 53 644  37.5 39.5 37.0  161.00 187.00 158.50  155.00 181.00 152.50  139.00- 179.50 162.00- 192.00 137.50- 175.00  54 54  155 155  91 91  82 1 81  92 21 71  59 2 57  58 6 52  50 16 34  20 20  15 2 13  8 8  1 1  4 4  6 5 1  1 1  -  -  ~  -  1 1  "  File clerks, class A....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  121 110  37.5 37.5  173.50 173.50  161.00 160.00  145.50- 190.00 145.50- 190.00  -  10 10  29 29  17 16  18 12  9 8  7 7  8 5  4 4  7 7  4 4  1 1  4 4  1 1  1 1  “  “  -  “  1 1  -  -  File clerks, class B....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  340 316  37.0 36.5  163.50 160.00  158.50 156.50  139.00- 182.00 139.00- 179.00  22 22  78 78  16 16  54 54  43 42  28 27  44 42  27 14  13 13  6 4  4 4  -  -  5 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  16  ~  -  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  120 and under 130  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  210  220  230  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  210  220  230  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  420 and over  File clerks, class C....................... Nonmanufacturing......................  236 218  38.0 37.5  151.00 149.50  144.50 142.00  133.50- 162.00 133.50- 160.50  32 32  67 67  46 46  11 11  31 17  22 22  7 3  15 15  3 3  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  358 94 264  38.0 38.5 37.5  159.50 183.00 151.50  151.00 169.50 148.50  139.00- 172.50 149.00- 213.00 135.00- 165.00  41 4 37  52 9 43  76 16 60  46 3 43  49 17 32  43 12 31  5 3 2  9 2 7  5 1 4  15 11 4  1 _ 1  3 3 -  _ -  13 13 -  _  _  _  -  _ -  _  -  _ -  _  -  -  -  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  352 137 215 54  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.0  217.00 226.50 211.00 287.50  208.50 173.00214.50 198.00197.00 164.00277.50 270.50-  251.00 246.00 263.50 293.00  _  _  52 3 49 -  25 13 12 -  14 4 10 -  32 17 15 -  32 21 11 1  26 16 10 -  12 4 8 -  27 13 14 -  24 19 5 -  47 6 41 39  14 13 1 1  8 3 5 5  4 4  1  -  21 1 20 -  7  -  6 6 -  _  _  _  1 1  _  -  7 7  _  _  -  -  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................  67  39.0  194.00  192.00  172.00- 210.00  -  4  -  4  6  7  12  7  8  6  4  2  5  1  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing.............................  150 143  39.0 39.0  200.50 201.00  198.00 198.00  184.00- 223.00 184.00- 224.50  _ -  4 4  3 3  12 12  4 3  12 11  19 19  33 33  16 11  8 8  14 14  4 4  9 9  11 11  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  Order clerks, class B.................... Manufacturing.............................  123 116  39.0 39.0  192.50 192.50  193.00 192.50  177.00- 206.50 177.00- 210.50  _ -  4 4  3 3  12 12  4 3  12 11  17 17  28 28  13 8  8 8  14 14  2 2  6 6  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Accounting clerks............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  2,332 729 1,603  38.0 39.0 37.5  229.00 214.50 235.50  210.00 198.00 224.50  176.50- 285.50 175.00- 244.00 177.00- 292.00  15 12 3  60 40 20  70 20 50  184 29 155  108 24 84  188 73 115  207 88 119  180 94 86  154 66 88  101 39 62  61 29 32  39 18 21  94 41 53  245 35 210  428 45 383  43 19 24  37 21 16  22 18 4  19 12 7  73 6 67  4  Accounting clerks, class A.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,175 345 830  38.5 39.5 38.0  258.00 243.50 264.00  275.00 199.50- 292.00 220.00 190.00- 291.50 285.50 202.00- 292.00  _ -  _ -  1 1  15 15  20 20  83 23 60  94 39 55  85 48 37  79 38 41  56 22 34  46 24 22  22 7 15  68 26 42  28 18 10  402 28 374  25 17 8  36 21 15  21 18 3  18 11 7  72 5 67  4 4  Accounting clerks, class B.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,157 384 773  38.0 39.0 37.5  199.50 188.50 205.00  185.00 183.50 186.50  158.00- 241.00 158.00- 208.00 157.50- 270.50  15 12 3  60 40 20  69 20 49  169 29 140  88 24 64  105 50 55  113 49 64  95 46 49  75 28 47  45 17 28  15 5 10  17 11 6  26 15 11  217 17 200  26 17 9  18 2 16  1  _  1  1  1 1 -  1 1 -  _ -  Payroll clerks................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  217 128 89  38.5 39.0 38.0  226.50 232.00 218.50  220.00 191.50- 251.00 234.50 205.00- 266.00 212.00 176.50- 240.00  1 1  9 8 1  2 2  1 1  6 1 5  21 5 16  7 2 5  19 11 8  24 20 4  11 3 8  13 5 8  24 17 7  31 20 11  13 13 -  17 17 -  6 3 3  5 1 4  3 2 1  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  960 403 557 134  38.5 39.5 38.0 39.0  218.00 223.50 214.50 287.50  212.00 181.00218.00 187.00209.50 174.50277.00 277.00-  246.50 255.50 244.00 297.50  _ -  13 4 9 -  27 8 19 -  79 18 61 -  44 7 37 -  61 32 29 -  81 35 46 "  80 39 41 -  64 23 41 -  106 50 56 -  70 21 49 4  53 30 23 5  66 39 27 8  104 21 83 82  65 63 2 1  18 6 12 12  6 2 4 4  _  Key entry operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  689 316 373  38.5 39.5 37.5  226.50 231.50 222.50  217.00 221.50 211.50  190.50- 259.50 198.50- 260.00 185.00- 246.00  _ -  _  8  -  8  27 1 26  26 5 21  32 13 19  63 30 33  60 35 25  52 19 33  97 45 52  53 21 32  45 29 16  54 37 17  79 13 66  59 57 2  7 6 1  6 2 4  _  13 4 9 -  19 8 11 -  52 17 35 -  18 2 16 -  29 19 10 -  18 5 13 -  20 4 16 -  12 4 8 -  9 5 4 -  17  8 1 7 5  12 2 10 8  25 8 17 17  6 6  11  _  11 11  Key entry operators, class B....... 271 39.0 197.50 181.50 158.00- 226.50 39.5 175.00 158.00- 212.50 Manufacturing............................ 87 194.50 38.5 198.50 186.00 157.00- 228.50 Nonmanufacturing...................... 184 Public utilities.......................... 45 40.0 268.00 279.50 247.50- 279.50 * Workers were distributed as follows: 10 at $420.00 to $460.00; and 1 at $540.00 to $580.00. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  -  17  _  17 4  -  _  1  _  _  _  -  _  4  4 _  4  -  _ -  20 2 18 18  1 1  2 2  _  -  19 1 18  -  1 1  1 1  _  _ _  _  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  130 and under 150  150  170  190  210  230  250  270  170  190  210  230  250  270  290  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class A ............  Computer systems analysts (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................  Public utilities..........................  490 530  470 490  570 and over  530 570  43 11 32  63 15 48  36 6 30  37 7 30  57 23 34  75 25 50  91 37 54  84 21 63  124 43 81  108 36 72  88 38 50  90 26 64  132 36 96  78 32 46  32 7 25  _ _  _ _  _  _  _  _  -  1 1  8 6 2  11 9 2  15 7 8  23 9 14  47 14 33  53 19 34  51 32 19  59 21 38  86 33 53  69 31 38  32 7 25  _  — _  -  -  -  -  9 4 5  9 1 8  17 1 16  30 11 19  57 14 43  69 25 44  56 8 48  76 28 48  55 17 38  37 6 31  31 5 26  46 3 43  9 1 8  -  _ •_  _ _ _  _ _  _ _  14 14  8 8  43 11 32  54 11 43  27 5 22  19 6 13  19 6 13  7 2 5  7 5 2  5 4 1  1 1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  6 6  74 74  122 4 118  96 3 93  126 20 106  111 12 99  139 30 109  138 37 101  113 45 68  95 38 57  70 29 41  47 21 26  48 28 20  39 26 13  17 11 6  19 16 3  4 2 2  3 1 2  400.50 355.00- 435.50 431.50 393.50- 460.00 379.50 344.00- 411.00  _  _  _  _ _  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 1  23 1 22  65 8 57  33 11 22  46 11 35  57 19 38  43 19 24  42 24 18  29 22 7  14 10 4  15 12 3  4 2 2  3 1 2  325.50 359.50 312.50  319.50 282.00- 357.00 355.50 326.00- 382.00 306.00 275.50- 345.50  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  _ _  1 _ 1  68 _ 68  89 7 82  61 9 52  82 24 58  66 27 39  78 32 46  48 26 22  13 10 3  4 2 2  6 4 2  10 4 6  3 1 2  4 4 -  -  -  37.5 37.0  261.00 258.00  246.00 234.00- 293.00 245.00 231.50- 288.00  _  _  _  6 6  74 74  121 117  28 25  37 24  49 46  34 29  7 5  2 -  1 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  — -  -  931 398 533  38.5 39.5 38.0  260.00 275.00 248.50  253.00 217.00- 298.50 267.00 226.00- 318.50 242.50 204.50- 282.00  15 15  23 23  80 34 46  85 28 57  132 51 81  118 49 69  95 41 54  113 43 70  97 43 54  28 16 12  58 30 28  41 29 12  28 26 2  5 3 2  _ -  7 1 6  2 2  _ -  4 4 -  _ -  _  238 121 117  39.0 40.0 38.0  324.50 337.50 311.50  331.00 290.00- 355.00 340.00 307.50- 368.00 307.00 285.00- 336.00  .  .  _  _  _  _  -  -  1 1  5 5  20 10 10  32 10 22  36 11 25  21 11 10  51 25 26  41 29 12  24 22 2  4 2 2  -  1 1 -  2 2  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  449 188 261  38.0 39.0 37.5  257.00 262.00 253.00  252.00 225.00- 280.00 257.00 228.50- 290.00 249.50 222.50- 275.00  .  .  43 18 25  72 25 47  87 34 53  68 28 40  75 27 48  58 29 29  7 5 2  7 5 2  1 1 -  4 4 -  _  -  _ -  _  -  6 6  _  -  4 4 -  _  _  17 8 9  _  _  -  -  244 89 155  39.0 40.0 38.0  202.00 218.00 192.50  201.50 220.00 192.00  178.00- 226.00 184.00- 236.50 172.50- 215.00  15 15  23 23  63 26 37  42 10 32  59 26 33  26 15 11  7 3 4  6 6 -  3 3 -  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  -  -  _ -  _ -  1,556 1,079 477 44  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  327.00 346.50 282.50 395.00  330.00 350.50 279.50 402.50  268.00296.50220.00369.00-  -  48 48 -  33 9 24 -  52 40 12 -  95 42 53 ' -  60 30 30 -  109 65 44 -  89 48 41 -  156 120 36 -  152 105 47 -  108 64 44 5  180 140 40 11  111 93 18 -  103 77 26 20  76 71 5 1  63 63 -  72 63 9 7  40 40 -  9 9 -  -  -  _ _ _  _  455 188 267  38.5 39.5 37.5  478.00 472.00 482.00  475.00 431.50- 522.50 467.50 430.00- 517.50 481.00 432.00- 525.50  _  _  _  _  501 124 377  38.0 40.0 37.5  412.00 400.00 416.00  412.00 374.00- 447.50 393.50 377.00- 434.00 413.00 374.00- 461.00  -  -  _  204 51 153  37.5 39.5 37.0  291.50 313.00 284.50  283.50 260.50- 317.50 308.00 270.50- 342.00 280.00 254.50- 305.00  _  1,267 323 944  38.0 39.5 37.5  329.50 383.00 311.50  323.00 274.50- 376.00 378.50 336.50- 431.50 306.50 259.00- 352.00  375 140 235  38.5 40.0 37.5  400.50 428.50 384.00  533 150 383  38.0 39.5 37.5  359 326  _ _  381.50 405.00 341.50 402.50  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  450 470  430 450  8 _ 8  422.00 356.00- 478.50 422.50 381.50- 477.50 420.50 350.50- 480.00  Computer programmers  Computer operators, class C.......  410 430  390 410  14 _ 14  416.50 425.00 413.00  Computer programmers  Computer operators, class B.......  370 390  _ _ _  38.0 39.5 37.5  Computer programmers  Computer operators, class A.......  350 370  _ _ _  1,160 363 797  Computer systems analysts  Computer programmers (business)..  330 350  310 330  290 310  18  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Mean*  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  668 477 191  40.0 40.0 39.5  385.50 405.00 337.00  381.00 341.50- 433.00 408.50 366.00- 447.00 331.00 304.00- 365.50  Drafters, class B.......................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  510 376 134 37  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  324.50 332.00 302.50 384.50  320.50 330.00 278.50 402.50  Drafters, class C........................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  303 187 116  39.5 40.0 38.5  236.00 254.50 206.50  Drafter-tracers.............................  75  38.0  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,648 1,491 157  Electronics technicians, class A... Manufacturing.............................  284.50302.00256.00369.00-  130 and under 150  368.00 368.00 352.50 402.50  _ -  150  170  190  210  230  250  270  290  310  330  350  370  390  410  430  450  470  490  530  170  190  210  230  250  270  290  310  330  350  370  390  410  430  450  470  490  530  570  _ _ -  .  .  .  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  8 _ 8  15 1 14  44 15 29  62 19 43  69 36 33  78 51 27  83 65 18  69 63 6  59 55 4  60 60  5 _ 5 -  21 4 17 -  59 30 29 -  51 24 27 -  70 63 7 -  86 82 4 -  34 23 11 5  102 89 13 11  28 28  17 16 1 1  3 3  -  34 14 20 20  5 5 -  -  -  72 63 9  40 40  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _  _ -  _ _ _ -  . _ _ -  227.00 211.00- 267.50 250.00 223.50- 292.00 214.50 181.50- 222.50  . _ -  16 _ 16  29 9 20  30 18 12  83 35 48  37 24 13  34 27 7  23 23 -  42 42 -  4 4 -  190.50  192.00  -  32  4  22  7  2  8  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  40.0 40.0 40.0  310.50 303.50 378.00  297.00 268.00- 351.50 ■ 292.00 263.00- 345.50 399.00 340.00- 426.00  _ -  _ -  _  20 20 -  38 36 2  203 197 6  174 168 6  287 280 7  218 212 6  159 149 10  104 96 8  139 130 9  92 91 1  111 69 42  91 39 52  9 4 5  496 424  40.0 40.0  368.00 359.50  371.00 336.00- 399.00 364.00 325.50- 389.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  -  -  -  6 6  12 12  27 27  70 66  73 69  55 51  89 89  65 65  87 35  9 4  Electronics technicians, class B... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  451 378 73  40.0 40.0 39.5  315.00 305.50 363.50  309.00 285.00- 351.50 304.50 280.00- 337.00 399.00 326.50- 399.00  _ -  _ -  _  _  _  _ -  10 10 -  27 27 -  34 32 2  79 72 7  77 71 6  65 59 6  22 18 4  84 79 5  3 2 1  46 4 42  4 4  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing.............................  137 98  39.0 39.5  324.50 322.00  328.00 300.00- 350.00 326.50 298.50- 345.50  _ -  ■ _ -  _  4 4  .  4 3  5 4  14 9  26 18  21 19  25 21  23 10  9 4  1 1  1 1  163.50- 204.00  -  -  .  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  19  570 and over  9 9 -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 -  -  3 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2  2 2  -  -  -  -  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Cpffice occupations men  Nonmanufacturing........................................... .  53 50  38.0 38.0  171.00 171.50  226 64 162  38.0 38.0 38.0  159.00 173.50 153.00  71  39.5  248.00  Accounting clerks:  File clerks, class A................................................ Nonmanufacturing...............................................  of workers  Weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  980 159 821  37.5 40.0 37.0  179.00 180.00 179.00  642  37.5  160.00  37 0  157.50  37.5 37.5  174.50  37 0 36.5  163.00 159.50  106  300  Accounting clerks, class A: 51  39.5  269.00  6,781 3,461 3,320  38.5 39.5 37.5  252.00 266.00 237.00  222 84 138  39.0 39.0 38.5  339.00 367.50 322.00  Office occupations women  132 102  37.5 37.5  161.00 149.00  341 137  38.5 39 5  217.00 226.50  62  39.0  195.50  54 Switchboard operator-  38.5 39.5 38.0  301.00 315.00 288.50  148 141  39.0 39.0  200.00 200.50  2,428 1,421 1,007  38.5 39.5  263.50 275.50  121 114  39.0 39.0  191.50 191.50  Secretaries, class D.............................................. Manufacturing.................... .................................  2,553 1,306 1,247  38.5 39.5 37.5  224.00 239.00 208.50  Manufacturing......................................................  2,052 658 1,394  38.0 39.0 37.5  226.50 211.00 234.00  Secretaries, class E.............................................. Manufacturing.....................................................  288 163  38.5 39.0  189.50 197.50  Manufacturing......................................................  992 294 698  38.0 39.0 37.5  254.50 239.00 260.50  Stenographers.......................................................... Manufacturing............................-........................  263 191 72 42  39.5 40.0 38.5 40.0  266.00 261.00 280.50 333.00  Accounting clerks, class B.................................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,060  38.0  200.50  696  37.5  207.50  Stenographers, senior..........................................  73  39.0  267.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  195 120 75  38.5 39.0 37.5  224.00 230.00 214.50  27  40.0  334.50  864 397 134  38.5 39.5 37 5 39.0  219.00 224.00 214.50 287.50  624 316 308  38 5 39.5 37.5  227.00 231.50 222.50  240 81 159 45  39.0 39.5 38.5 40.0  198.00 196.00 199.00 268.00  487 539  Nonmanufacturing: .,  -.  .  • t  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  134 121  37.0 37.0  1,534 418 1,116  38.0 40 0 37.5  199.50 182.50  554 259 295  38.5 40.0 37.5  201.50 211.50 192.50  190.50  Public utilities....................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  20  of workers  Weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  778 274 504  38.0 39.5 37.5  436.50 440.50 434.50  353 152 201  38.5 39.5 37.5  486.00 481.50 489.00  346 99 247  38.0 39.5 37.5  417.50 402.50 423.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class C............................................  79  37.5  301.50  Computer programmers (business)......................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  800 231 569  38.0 39.5 37.5  336.00 385.00 316.00  Computer programmers (business), class A............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  258 105 153  38.5 40.0 37.5  404.00 429.00 387.00  Computer programmers (business), class B............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  335 99 236  38.0 39.5 37.5  330.00 363.00 316.50  Computer programmers (business), class C............................................ Nonmanufacturing...............................................  207 180  37.5 37.0  261.00 256.00  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  665 275 390  38.5 39.5 37.5  262.50 283.00 248.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  184 89 95  39.0 40.0 38.0  328.50 350.00 308.00  Computer operators, class B............................... Mdi lufacturing........................................... .......... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  328 134 194  38.0 39.0 37.0  254.50 263.50 248.50  Computer operators, class C............................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  153 52 101  38.5 40.0 38.0  201.50 218.00 192.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  1,374 980 394 44  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  337.50 354.00 297.00 395.00  650 474 176  40.0 40.0 39.5  387.50 405.00 339.50  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts (business)............................................................. Manufacturing ................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts (business), class B........................................ . Manufacturing......................................................  Computer operators.................................................  Drafters, class A................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980 —Continued Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Manufacturing.............................................. Public utilities................................................... Drafters, class C................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  Electronics technicians, class B...........................  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  458 336 122 37  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  326 00 333.00 307 00 384.50  227 143 84  39.5 40.0 39.0  241.50 257.50 214.00  1,507 1,360  40 0 40.0  314 50 307.00  479 411  40.0 40.0  369.00 360.50  417 344 73  40.0 40.0 39.5  318.50 308.50 363.50  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  102 66  38.0 37.0  450.50 460.50  135 110  38.0 37.5  398.50 400.50  125 97  37.5 37.0  285.00 282.00  92 375  37.5 39 5 37.0  318.50 377 50 304.00  Computer systems analysts  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class C.............................................  38.0 39.5 37.5  374.00 377.00 373.00  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  152 146  37.0 37.0  261.50 260.00  224 123  39.0 39.5  246.00 257.50  54  39.5  258.00  81  39.0  201.50  99  39 0 40.0  246.50 275.50  52  40.0  308.50  76  38.5  221.00  141 131  40.0 40 0  267.00  58  40.0  254.50  134 97  39.0 39.5  324.50 321.50  Computer operators, class B:  Drafters, class B...................................................  Computer programmers 117 82  38.5 37.5  393.50 379.00  51 147  39.5 37.0  318.50 353.00 306.00  Computer programmers 362 89 273  Number of workers  Computer programmers  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts (business)............................................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... See footnotes at end of tables.  Number of workers  Nonmanufacturing................................................  21  Manufacturing......................................................  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  NumDer of workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 5.50 Under and 5.50 under 5.80  5.80 6.10  6.70  6.40  6.10 6.40  6.70  7.00  7.00  7.60  7.30  7.30  7.60  7.90  8.20  8.20  7.90  8.80  8.50 8.80  8.50  9.20  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.00  9.60  10.40  10.40  10.80  10.80 11.20  11.60 12.00 12.60  13.20  11.60 12.00 12.60 13.20  13.80  11.20  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  274 202 72  8.39 8.42 8.30  8.28 8.02- 8.74 8.28 8.07- 8.49 8.28 7.39- 9.10  _  _  -  -  6 6  12 6 6  2 2  7 7 -  10 7 3  5 5  9 7 2  34 32 2  114 101 13  9 2 7  18 7 11  11 8 3  23 19 4  3 3  1 1  _ -  3 3  7 6 1  ~  -  ”  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  721 595 126  9.26 9.16 9.76  9.08 8.47- 9.64 9.08 8.47- 9.35 9.21 8.83-10.04  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  7 6 1  7 5 2  17 14 3  24 18 6  77 71 6  56 45 11  17 15 2  172 158 14  158 135 23  60 50 10  23 23  _ -  35 35 -  14 14 -  29 29 -  _ -  25 25  -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................  150 107  8.39 8.21  8.07 7.89- 9.22 7.91 7.89- 8.23  -  _ -  _ -  2 -  1 -  6 4  6 4  9 9  37 36  18 14  25 23  5 -  3 3  20 8  -  12 -  -  -  6 6  -  -  -  “  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing............................  500 500  8.87 8.87  8.80 8.58- 9.00 8.80 8.58- 9.00  _  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ -  4 4  2 2  12 12  49 49  51 51  89 89  222 222  7 7  22 22  14 14  26 26  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  926 805 121  8.70 8.67 8.86  8.96 7.83- 9.35 8.75 7.83- 9.35 9.21 8.52- 9.87  -  4 4  4 4  19 3 16  1 1 -  21 21 -  23 23 -  61 61 -  124 124 -  98 94 4  74 72 2  25 8 17  92 84 8  162 146 16  109 89 20  103 79 24  -  -  -  -  6 6  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  280 77 203 190  9.97 8.69 10.46 10.41  8.73-12.01 8.07- 8.50 8.73-12.01 8.73-12.23  -  -  2 2 2  -  -  -  -  -  4 4 -  25 24 1 1  5 4 1 1  95 36 59 59  13 13 13  12 12 12  31 31 31  -  -  13 13 -  -  9 9 -  40 40 40  10 10 10  21 21 21  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  322 310  9.33 9.32  9.24 8.28- 9.80 9.24 8.28- 9.80  _ -  _ -  • _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  6 6  13 13  33 33  40 40  11 9  20 16  96 96  21 21  44 38  _ -  -  _ -  33 33  -  -  3 3  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  89 71  8.99 8.97  9.17 8.68- 9.24 9.24 8.49- 9.24  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  *  _ -  _  3 3  12 12  4 4  12 9  22 7  27 27  4 4  4 4  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  _ -  Millwrights........................................ Manufacturing.............................  114 112  8.11 8.10  8.28 8.03- 8.28 8.28 8.02- 8.28  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  2 2  4 4  8 8  -  4 4  18 18  69 67  -  7 7  2 2  -  "  "  _  _  -  Maintenance trades helpers............  64  5.30  5.30 4.38- 5.52  * 41  10  2  -  5  1  3  -  -  -  -  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  147 145  7.89 7.90  8.07 7.26- 8.49 8.07 7.26- 8.49  _ -  _ “  12 12  4 4  4 4  9 7  10 10  7 7  11 11  24 24  35 35  3 3  22 22  6 6  -  ~  -  -  _  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing.............................  427 427  9.61 9.61  9.58 9.08- 9.72 9.58 9.08- 9.72  _  -  _ -  _ "  -  -  _ -  _ -  8 8  6 6  12 12  33 33  9 9  82 82  65 65  127 127  7 7  1 1  25 25  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  144 73 71  9.18 9.32 9.05  9.00 8.28- 9.58 9.23 8.86- 9.98 8.95 8.23- 9.11  -  _ _  2 2  -  3 1 2  2 2 -  -  4 4 “  2 2  12 5 7  12 4 8  3 3  46 16 30  25 20 5  7 6 1  10 5 5  -  “  10 _ _ _ 8.09 7.35- 8.23 1 1 62 7.89 Boiler tenders.................................. 10 1 1 7.89 8.09 7.35- 8.23 62 Manufacturing............................. * Workers were distributed as follows: 18 under $4.60; 8 at $4.60 to $4.90; 5 at $4.90 to $5.20; and 10 at $5.20 to $5.50. See footnotes at end of tables.  1 1  5 5  5 5  13 13  18 18  4 4  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  8.88 8.50 9.87 9.87  -  22  -  -  -  “  -  “  -  -  -  -  ■  -  ”  -  15 15  37 37  -  -  . -  -  -  -  6 6  -  -  10 10 -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  workers  Mean2  Median2  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.10 and under 3.40  3.40  3.70  4.00  4.30  4.60  4.90  5.20  5.50  5.80  6.10  6.40  6.70  7.00  7.30  7.60  7.90  8.20  8.50  9.00  3.70  4.00  4.30  4.60  4.90  5.20  5.50  5.80  6.10  6.40  6.70  7.00  7.30  7.60  7.90  8.20  8.50  9.00  9.50  863 497 366  9.30 8.64 10.20  9.88 8.07-10.28 9.22 7.86- 9.88 11.45 8.95-11.45  26 14 12  19 17  20 17  535  9.77  9.88 9.22-11.45  15  8  5  125 80  9.49 8.66  8.95 8.50-11.45 8.50 8.02- 9.35  291 211  6.89 6.42  6.80 5.95- 7.17 6.70 5.92- 6.86  380 86  7.84 5.79  8.63 7.38- 8.83 5.73 5.00- 6.46  193 149  5.66 5.56  5.20 4.77- 6.40 5.10 4.77- 6.40  391 138 253 32  7.49 6.53 8.02 9.35  553 304  5.71 5.43  5.15 4.81- 6.32 4.81 4.75- 6.32  155  5.83 6.06  5.51 4.81- 7.08 6.03 4.81- 7.40  1,111 825  5.88 5.39  5.23 4.83- 6.51 5.18 4.79- 5.88  325 220 105  8.11 7.69 8.99  8.67 7.24- 9.01 7.40 6.91- 8.67 8.90 8.90- 9.01  751  6.47  6.16 6.03- 6.95  288 207  6.58 6.55  6.51 5.70- 7.29 6.47 5.68- 7.18  670  6.45  6.16 6.03- 6.92  7.66 6.32 7.75 10.12  6.25- 8.50 5.52- 7.87 7.55- 9.28 7.75-10.23 29 23  30 2 28  5  -  6  21  16 9 9  “ “  “ "  “  ~  ~  “ “  44 29 15  86 78 8  201 200 1  3  4  60  201  -  177  2 2  37 29  18 18  -  7 7  33 -  53 *210 7 46 210  21 21  11 11  23 23  103 103  7 7  7 7  -  -  -  40 -  25 -  -  -  -  15  8  11  15 13  10 9  11 9  6 6  2  11 9  5 5  45 “  -  2 -  221 -  13 -  -  -  -  34  17  13  8  15  22 21  -“  21 21  “ “  -  -  7 1  1 1  1 1  -  -  14 13  16 8 8  25 18  15 15  11 5 6 ~  3  19  -  24 2 22 -  101 37 64 9  15 15 -  4 4 1  31 6 25 2  53 “ 53 -  6 6 -  20 20 20  -  24 21  21 19  4 1  8 8  4 4  3 3  54 4  2 2  -  -  -  4  2 2  36 36  9 9  1 1  -  1 1  -  -  -  1 1  16 16  “ "  ~  13 -  153 -  3 -  14 14  -  -  77 6 71  41 7 34  45 45 -  -  -  7  —  82  35 13  40 10  19  47 31  22  13 6  12 8  12 10  9  58 53  55 46  69 60  88 79  5  14 14  110  TO 20 134  53 37 16  21 19  9 40 36  60 60 -  15 T5  22  t4  19 7 12  9 8  5 16 10  1 1 “  4  5  6 6  12 8  10.00 10.50 and 10.00 10.50 over  12 10  b  16 12  8  9.50  62  235  2 2  1  14 13 80  _  ~ "  37 37 “  30 30 “  44 44 “  24 24 “  “  -  ~  -  -  Guards: 24  16  8  52  78  254  40  80  31  82  11  13  -  -  -  -  32  -  12 8  13 9  39 17  21 21  15 15  36 36  11 11  52  43 19  8 8  2 2  -  4 4  -  11 11  -  -  30  78  254  40  80  58  11  13  -  -  -  -  32  -  162 114 48  312 287 25  44 40 4  45 42 3  84 70 14  19  3 3  32 26 6  -  28  105 105  Guards, class B:  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.......  1 5.91 5.88 4.86- 6.97 24 1,171 6.06 5.88 5.23- 6.70 Nonmanufacturing...................... 1 662 5.65 5.27 4.46- 7.01 19 * Workers were distributed as follows: 180 at $11.00 to $11.50; and 30 at $11.50 to $12.00. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  1,833  72 41 31  24  6  12  24  82 19 63  144 67 77  138 80 58  131 59 72  23  155 31  252 86 166  16  28  _  _  _  "  -  -  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerpiant, material movement, and custodial workers by sex-large establishments in Boston, Mass., August 1980 Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerpiant occupations - men  62  5.19  Maintenance carpenters.......................................................  147 145  7.89 7.90  427  9.61 9.20 9.32 9.05 7.89 7.89  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  266 200 66  8.38 8.42 8.25  Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  714 595 119  9.27 9.16 9.82  144 107  8.39 8.21  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  136 73 63  496 496  8.87 8.87  Manufacturing...................................................................  62 62  921 800 121  8.70 8.68 8.86  280 77 203 190  9.97 8.69 10.46 10.41  322 310  9.33 9.32  Shippers:  89 71  8.99 8.97  114 112  8.11 8.10  Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Truckdrivers............................................................................ Manufacturing...................................................................  858 496 362  9.30 8.64 10.21  531  9.78  125 80  9.49 8.66  206  6.42  Receivers: Manufacturing...................................................................  82  5.75  Manufacturing...................................................................  175 143  5.53 5.51  Maintenance mechanics Manufacturing................................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Public utilities...............................................................  Manufacturing.................................................................. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer................................................. Manufacturing...................................................................  24  Number of workers  Average (mean2) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  327 129 198  7.65 6.58 8.36  Manufacturing..................................................................  183  5.89  Shipping packers: Manufacturing..................................................................  111  6.27  717  5.36  210  7.71  703  6.46  190  6.54 6.51  625  6.44  1,457 1,037 420  6.03 6.07 5.95  325 134  5.48 5.97  Material handling laborers: Forklift operators: Manufacturing.................................................................. Guards:  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance mechanics  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Guards, class A................................................................. Guards, class B:  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  Manufacturing..................................................................  Footnotes 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data.  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, senior Stenographers, general Typists, classes A and B File clerks, classes A, B, and C Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, classes A and B Accounting clerks, classes A and B Payroll clerks Key entry operators, classes A and B  1- Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3- These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4- . The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The result— expressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see ‘Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,’ Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Average pay relationships within establishments  Tables A-8 through A-11 present occupational pay relatives derived from compari­ sons of job averages within individual establishments. The method of computation is as follows:  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C Computer operators, classes A, B, C  1- A pay relative for any two occupations is computed for each establishment in which they are found by dividing the average earnings for one occupation by the average for the other and multiplying by 100 (e.g., $5 divided by $4 = 1.25 times 100 = 125).  addition, the mix of establishments used in the comparisons may differ between the two methods.  2. Each pay relative is weighted by the number of workers in the two occupations compared and by the weight assigned to the establishment to represent establish­ ments not included in the survey sample.  Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.  3- The weighted pay relatives for all establishments reporting the two occupations are summed and divided by the total of the weights to produce the average pay relatives shown in the tables. Occupational pay relationships measured in this manner yield considerably different results than those produced by using overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The former measure the average pay relationships found within establishments; the latter measure the relationships among job averages in an area. In  1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Boston, Mass.,1 August 1980  Industry division2  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of study  Workers in establishments  Number of establishments Within scope of study3  Within scope of study4  Studied  Studied  Number  Percent  All establishments All divisions.....................................................................................................................  -  1,456  213  492,050  100  238,797  Manufacturing........................................................................................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5....................................................................................................... Wholesale trade*.............................................................................................................. Retail trade*..................................................................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate* ............................................................................... Services*7..........................................................................................................................  100 -  437 1,019  75 138  210,461 281,589  43 57  112,116 126,681  100 50 100 50 50  66 182 162 244 365  24 13 22 21 58  46,285 17,227 68,204 74,903 74,970  9 4 14 15 15  37,389 2,766 36,752 29,552 20,222  -  153  75  288,392  100  211,873  70 83  34 41  133,570 154,822  46 54  102,708 109,165  Large establishments All divisions.....................................................................................................................  500 Manufacturing........................................................................................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and 500 other public utilities5....................................................................................................... 500 Wholesale trade*................................................................................................................ 500 Retail trade*...................................................................................................................... 500 Finance, insurance, and real estate*............................................................................. 500 Services*7.......................................................................................................................... 'The Boston Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Suffolk County, 16 communities in Essex County, 34 in Middlesex County, 26 in Norfolk County, and 12 in Plymouth County. The ‘workers within scope of study’ estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12 33,806 33,806 10 1,500 1,500 1 1 33,989 41,475 14 11 28,169 49,012 17 12 11,701 29,029 10 7 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. * Abbreviated to ‘public utilities’ in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Boston's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the survey. 6 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the 'all industries’ and ‘nonmanufacturing’ estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  10 1 19 33 20  28  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job descriptions, are excluded.  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant:  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled ‘Level of Supervisor,’ e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by Level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are  Office SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled ‘secretary’ possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: a.  Positions which do not meet the ‘personal’ secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  matched at one of five levels according to (a) the the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS) LS-1  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  LS-2 a-  b.  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR) Secretary to an executive or managerial person who&e responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b. c. d. e. LR-2 Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term ‘corporate officer’ used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title ‘vice president,’ though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be ‘corporate officers’ for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LS-1. LS-2. LS-3. LS-4.  LR-1 Class E Class D Class C Class B  LR-2 Class D Class C Class B Class A  STENOGRAPHER  FILE CLERK  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist).  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.  NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.  Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  Stenographer, Senior. Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.  Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.  Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks.  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.  TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST  Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail.  Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. MESSENGER  SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances.  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard Operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors.  Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or salespeople. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ORDER CLERK  suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Class A. Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR  Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions. Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand. Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. MACHINE BILLER  Class B. Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type of machine, as follows: Billing-machine biller. Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application of predeter­ mined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. Bookkeeping-machine biller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a type­ writer keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following: Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for  computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B. NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge. Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows: Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.  At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers. Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: • • • • • • •  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class A. In addition to work assignments described for a class B operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one of the following: • • • •  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. Class B. In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error condi­ tions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators. Class C. Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-thejob training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail. PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator: • •  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.  • • • •  Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spotchecked during progress. DRAFTER-TRACER  Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation.) AND/OR Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised during progress.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollates, bursters, separators, or similar equipment.  ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment. This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER  Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower level drafters. Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instruc­ tions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.  Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understan­ ding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perfor­ ming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­ ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial  Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  35  Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following-. Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or  fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops. MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directd by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops. TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  STATIONARY ENGINEER  Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or air conditioning. Work involves: Opera­ ting and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or chiefengineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded. BOILER TENDER  Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows: Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator). ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Class A. Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. Class B. Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Service Contract Act Surveys The following areas are surveyed per­ iodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in releases which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C. Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Guam, Territory of Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Pine Bluff, Ark. Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash.  Springfield, 111. Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of per­ sonnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, en­ gineering technicians, drafters, and cler­ ical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2045, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1979, $3.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1970 through 1977, is available on request.  Bulletin number and price*  Area Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ........................................................... Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1979........................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1979........... Atlanta, Ga., May 1980 .......................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1980 ..................................................... Billings, Mont., July 1980'....................................................... Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978 ................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1980 ....................................................... Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1979 ......................................................... Canton, Ohio, May 1978 ......................................................... Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1979 .................................... Chicago, 111., May 1980'........................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1980 ................................ Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1979..................................................... Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1979..................................................... Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1980............................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1979...................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1980'... Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1979 ......................................................... Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1980' ............................................ Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1979 ........................................ Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Fresno, Calif., June 1980'....................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1979..................................................... Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Oct. 1979'............... Green Bay, Wis., July 1980 ..................................................... Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1979 Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1980 ............................ Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1980'................................................... Houston, Tex., Apr. 1980'....................................................... Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1980'................................................... Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979................................................. Jackson, Miss., Ja'n. 1980 ...................................................... Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1979'................................................. Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1979'.................................. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1979 ....................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1979 ..........................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2025-63 2050-46 2050-48 3000-21 3000-38 3000-31 2025-15 3000-40 2050-65 2025-22 2050-39 3000-26 3000-32 2050-47 2050-61 3000-28 2050-67 3000- 5 2050-64 3000-33 2050-72 3000- 7 3000-30 2050-45 2050-60 3000-22 2050-49 3000-16 3000-19 3000-18 3000-14 2050-54 3000- 2 2050-69 2050-58 2050-59 2050-66  $1.00 $1.50 $1.50 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $0.80 $2.25 $2.25 $0.70 $1.50 $3.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.50 $2.25 $1.75 $1.50 $1.75 $2.25 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.00  Area Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1979'..................................................... Miami, Fla., Oct. 1979 ....................................................................................... Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 ................................................... ......................... Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan.1980 ............................................. Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1980.................................................................... Newark, N.J., Jan. 1980'................................................................................... New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979 .............................................................................. New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1980 .................................................................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1980....................... Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978 .................................................................. Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1980 .................................................................. Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1979 .................................................................... Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1979 ...................................................................... Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1980'................................................. Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1979'................................................................ Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1980 ................................................................................. Portland, Maine, Dec. 1979................................................................................ Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1979 .................................................................. Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1980'........................................................................ Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1980'................................ Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1980.......................... Richmond, Va., June980'................................................................................. St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1980.......................................................................... Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1979 ............................................................................ Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979'................................................................................ Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1979 ......................................................... San Antonio, Tex., May 1980'............................................................................ San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1979.............................................................................. San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1980 ..................................................... San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1980 ................................................................................ Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1979'.................................................................. South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1980.............................................................................. Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1980 ...................................................................... Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1979 ................................................................................... Utica—Rome, N.Y., July 1978 .......................................................................... Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1980' ................................................................................ Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1980' ............................................................................ York, Pa., Feb. 1980...........................................................................................  Bulletin number and price* 2050-56 2050-55 3000-10 3000- 1 3000-29 3000- 8 2050-53 3000-24 3000-20  $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $3.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75  2025-21 3000-37 2050-37 2050-51 3000-34 2050-57 3000- 3 2050-63 2050-27 3000-35 3000-39 3000-27 3000-23 3000-12 2050-71 2050-52 2050-62 3000-17 2050-70 3000- 9 3000- 6 2050-68 3000-36 3000-13 2050-40 2025-34 3000- 4 3000-15 3000-25 3000-11  $0.80 $1.75 $1.50 $1.50 $2.25 $3.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $2.00 $2.00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $1.50 $1.00 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.75  Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor Third Class Mail  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  U.S.MAIL  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617) Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y. 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212) New Jersey New York Puerto Rico Virgin Islands  3535 Market Street, P.O. Box 13309 Philadelphia, Pa. 19101 Phone: 596-1154 (Area Code 215) Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Pennsylvania Virginia West Virginia  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St., N.E. Atlanta, Ga. 30367 Phone: 881-4418 (Area Code 404) Alabama Florida Georgia Kentucky Mississippi North Carolina South Carolina Tennessee  Region V  Region VI  Regions VII and VIII  Regions IX and X  9th Floor, 230 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, III. 60604 Phone: 353-1880 (Area Code 312) Illinois Indiana Michigan Minnesota Ohio Wisconsin  Second Floor 555 Griffin Square Building Dallas, Tex, 75202 Phone: 767-6971 (Area Code 214) Arkansas Louisiana New Mexico Oklahoma Texas  Federal Office Building 911 Walnut St., 15th Floor Kansas City, Mo. 64106 Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)  450 Golden Gate Ave. Box 36017 San Francisco, Calif. 94102 Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  VII  VIII  IX  X  Iowa Kansas Missouri Nebraska  Colorado Montana North Dakota South Dakota Utah Wyoming  Arizona California Hawaii Nevada  Alaska Idaho Oregon Washington
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102