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)_ a.'s: aooo-/o  Area Wage Survey  Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area April 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3000-10   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Ozaukee Washington  Milwaukee Waukesha  Milwaukee  Preface  This bulletin provides results of an April 1980 survey of occupational earnings in the Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commissioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit the Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and number of this publication.  Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Milwaukee area are available for the auto dealer repair shops (June 1978), hospitals (May 1978), and nursing and personal care facilities (June 1978) industries. Occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions for municipal government workers are available for the city of Milwaukee. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey U.S. Department of Labor Ray Marshall, Secretary  Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Metropolitan Area April 1980 Contents  Page  Page  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner July 1980 Bulletin 3000-10  Introduction.............................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tables—Continued A-11.  Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers...................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.............................................. A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex........................ A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers..................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers.................. ............................ A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.......................... A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent Increases for selected occupational groups.................... A- 8. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for office clerical occupations.............. A- 9. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for professional and technical occupations........................................................ A-10. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ..................................  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents, G.P.O.  2  Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for material movement and custodial occupations.,.....................................  15  3 6  8 10 11  12 13  Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of off ice workers...................... A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers.............................................. A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.................................................................. A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers.................................... A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ...................................... A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex..................................................................  16 18  20 22 23  24  13  14  15  Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey.................................... B. Occupational descriptions........................................  26 29  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965.  A-series tables Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nonmanufacturing industries. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-11 provide measures of average pay relationships within establishments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details.  Appendixes Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range*  105 and 110  215.00220.00200.00277.50-  285.50 284.00 288.50 330.00  r  110  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  21  12 3 9 -  20 2 18 1  39 10 29 -  Secretaries....................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,493 1,588 905 165  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  253.00 256.00 247.00 306.00  241.50 245.00 234.00 310.00  Secretaries, class A..................... Manufacturing.............................  235 201  39.5 39.5  313.00 311.50  299.00 276.00- 347.00 299.00 276.00- 345.00  Secretaries, class B..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  564 418 146 37  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  275.00 270.00 289.50 336.50  271.00 267.00 288.50 353.00  237.00236.50241.50320.50-  307.50 301.50 338.50 368.00  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Secretaries, class C..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  834 549 285 43  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  251.50 251.50 251.50 291.00  242.50 241.50 245.00 287.00  224.00225.50207.50263.50-  274.50 270.50 288.50 314.50  _  _  _  _  21  _  1  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  "  1 1  -  -  21 -  Secretaries, class D..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  600 324 276  39.5 39.5 39.0  220.50 222.50 218.00  215.50 200.00- 238.00 214.00 202.50- 240.00 217.00 194.50- 231.00  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  7 3 4  12 2 10  Secretaries, class E..................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufactuhng......................  243 96 147  39.5 40.0 39.0  229.00 220.00 235.00  213.00 193.50- 256.50 213.50 207.00- 230.00 210.00 192.00- 310.00  _  -  -  -  -  Stenographers................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  845 531 314 150  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  225.00 222.00 229.50 250.00  209.50 205.00 216.50 243.50  190.00190.00186.50199.50-  242.00 235.50 264.00 289.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  3 3  -  -  -  -  -  -  Stenographers, senior................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  561 395 166 65  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  234.00 229.50 244.50 283.50  212.50 194.50210.50 195.50217.00 194.50289.00 251.50-  262.50 239.00 289.00 334.00  1 1  Stenographers, general............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  284 136 148 85  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  207.00 201.50 212.50 224.50  201.50 195.00 208.50 225.00  178.00177.50178.50186.50-  Transcribing-machine typists.......... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing.....................  254 107 147  39.0 40.0 38.0  209.50 204.50 213.00  Typists............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... Public utilities.........................  1,128 425 703 88  39.0 40.0 38.5 40.0  Typists, class A............................ Manufacturing............................  533 292 241 46 595 133 462  Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing..................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  21 -  -  -  -  -  j  84 28 56 -  117 52 65 4  437 298 139 1  448 306 142 8  368 265 103 10  256 188 68 22  258 184 74 19  181 100 81 51  77 55 22 13  59 28 31 17  38 26 12 8  42 16 26 8  36 27 9 3  1 1  18 18  28 24  19 10  53 49  25 23  20 17  20 19  16 15  13 9  22 16  11 4 7  9 6 3  44 39 5  78 57 21 4  89 73 16 -  99 86 13 1  61 39 22 2  75 60 15 2  40 31 9 6  21 5 16 10  21 11 10 7  14 6 8 5  2 1 1 -  21 8 13 3  132 85 47 -  193 158 35 1  171 117 54 5  89 68 21 7  103 73 30 7  34 15 19 9  13 7 6 2  16 4 12 6  1  -  12 3 9 -  1 -  15 1 14 2  12 10 2 -  27 10 17  50 19 31  44 27 17  193 127 66  129 54 75  57 37 20  37 21 16  31 22 9  9 2 7  4  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10  43 11 32  65 46 19  25 19 6  20 14 6  11 3 8  9 1 8  37  _  1  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  37  -  -  -  _  _  _  5  7  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  5  7  10  10 2 8  10 9 1 -  13 3 10 4  50 22 28 10  62 28 34 10  70 60 10 5  114 84 30 10  186 125 61 18  111 79 32 12  51 30 21 18  45 19 26 16  39 11 28 23  6 1 5 -  1 1 -  5 2 3 -  12 4 8 2  31 15 16 4  43 39 4 -  92 67 25 6  138 106 32 4  71 66 5 -  24 16 8 5  23 15 8 1  33 5 28 23  8 1 7 4  38 18 20 8  31 13 18 6  27 21 6 5  22 17 5 4  48 19 29 14  40 13 27 12  27 14 13 13  22 4 18 15  6  32 27 5  59 35 24  16 5 11  53 16 37  50 11 39  6  1  6  1  6  -  4  -  -  1  -  -  -  28 23 5 5  40 30 10 9  7 1 6 4  10 3 7 6  _  6 1 5 -  28 23 5 5  36 30 6 5  7 1 6 4  10 3 7 6  _  6 6 -  _  _  4  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  _  _  _  -  2 1 1  3  -  9 9 -  -  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  233.50 226.00 233.50 248.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  9 8 1 -  202.50 185.00 210.00  182.00- 222.50 178.50- 213.50 187.50- 231.00  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6  11 3 8  187.50 202.00 178.50 207.00  181.00 190.00 172.50 198.00  159.50172.00156.00189.00-  201.50 207.50 198.00 221.00  _  20  1  -  -  45 1 44 -  103 9 94  115 49 66 -  143 39 104 12  126 60 66 4  103 62 41 17  174 62 112 19  142 71 71 13  75 19 56 15  19 9 10 2  9 4 5 1  4 1 3  7 4 3  6 4 2 2  33 28 5 3  3 3  39.5 40.0 39.C 40.0  205.00 209.00 200.00 205.50  192.00 192.00 195.0( 213.50  175.50175.50181.00174.00-  213.50 211.00 219.00 229.00  20 1 19  33 32 1  44 20 24 11  56 42 14 4  58 33 25 5  122 47 75 2  88 62 26 5  43 10 33 15  17 7 10 2  5 1 4  4 1 3  4 1 3  6 4 2 2  30 28 2  3  38.5 39.5 38.0  172.00 185.50 168.0C  166.00 183.00 160.00  151.00- 191.00 167.00- 196.50 148.00- 189.50  83 8 75  82 17 65  99 19 80  70 18 52  45 29 16  52 15 37  54  32 9 23  2 2  4  -  3 3  -  20  -  1  -  _ -  20 20  45 1 44  3  -  400 and over  45  -  3  3  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  _ -  _ -  3  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers In Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dol ars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours' (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  105 and 110  File clerks................... Manufacturing...... Nonmanufacturing.  661 215 446  39.0 40.0 38.5  177.00 183.00 174.00  166.00 171.50 153.00  61  39.0 38.5  201.50 194.50  190.00 169.00- 209.50 184.50 161.00- 206.00  300 138 162  39.5 40.0 39.0  191.00 180.50 199.50  171.50 171.50 173.00  158.00- 198.50 161.00- 189.50 154.00- 232.50  272 223  38.5 38.0  153.50 149.50  142.00 136.00  131.00- 156.00 131.00- 148.00  262 134 128  39.0 39.5 38.0  179.50 181.50 178.00  168.00 172.50 168.00  149.50- 190.50 151.00- 187.50 149.50- 203.50  133 67 66  39.5 40.0 39.5  198.50 224.50 172.00  193.00 207.00 148.50  148.50- 223.50 190.50- 244.50 148.50- 199.50  196 288  39.5 40.0 39.0  194.00 202.50 188.00  186.50 197.00 185.50  162.50- 207.00 168.50- 213.00 158.00- 195.50  787 322 465  39.5 39.5 40.0  208.00 227.50 195.00  194.50 207.50 184.00  170.00- 251.50 183.00- 261.50 167.00- 213.00  442 206  39.5 39.0  212.50 241.50  195.50 184.00- 213.00 214.00 194.50- 288.50  339 110 229  40.0 39.5 40.0  202.50 201.00 203.00  176.00 177.50 170.00  2,992 1,303 1^689 250  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  210.50 216.00 206.50 278.50  200.00 170.00199.00 175.00200.00 161.50279.50 234.00-  240.00 237.00 240.00 299.00  1,329 576 753 107  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  230.50 242.50 221.50 296.50  221.00 192.00228.00 199.00216.50 185.00289.00 289.00-  257.50 260.50 253.00 305.00  1,663 727 936  39.5 39.5 39.0  194.50 195.00 194.00  182.00 161.50- 213.00 182.00 167.00- 207.00 181.50 156.00- 219.50  574 347 227 46  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.5  221.50 222.50 219.50 292.50  208.00 184.00212.00 180.00200.00 184.00279.50 261.00-  142.00- 196.00 158.50- 194.50 135.00- 196.00  110  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  over  50 4 46  _ -  -  99 19 80  98 26 72  45 7 38  65 19 46  61 56 5  60 27 33  40 10 30  51 14 37  39 11 28  11 9 2  2 2 2  6  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  8 8  16 14  6 1  12 9  7 4  23 17  4 2  3 2  _  _  _  -  -  -  25 15 10  25 11 14  29 5 24  47 16 31  50 46 4  40 16 24  12 7 5  5 5  33 7 26  3 3  _  _  73 58  8 6  2 1  5 -  21 21  23 20  2  -  74 70  8  -  50 46  _  1  _  -  -  -  58 27 31  21 16 5  48 16 32  18 17 1  40 25 15  7 5 2  36 11 25  4 1 3  4 3 1  7  22 1 21  5 1 4  7 4 3  8 3 5  8 8 -  10 8 2  19 15 4  16 8 8  10 8 2  4 2 2  1  _  1  2  17  1  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  3  -  6 -  4  4  1  15  -  1  -  -  -  -  1  -  9 4 5  _  _  3  11  -  -  -  ~  3  11  _  .  9  55 3 52  29 21 8  54 33 21  31  -  3 3  9  -  31  62 28 34  104 35 69  58 44 14  18 6 12  33 11 22  5 1 4  ■ -  -  _  -  -  67 17 50  33 2 31  45 20 25  39 15 24  46 21 25  108 11 97  120 53 67  82 44 38  42 22 20  36 36  _  _  _  -  *  -  2 2  19 -  3 3  24 5  6 6  101 6  118 53  68 30  7 7  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  42 17 25  15 10 5  40 15 25  6 4 2  11 11  -  14 2 12  2  -  65 15 50  2  4  32  34 5 29 -  25 10 15 -  220 24 196 -  156 56 100 12  262 160 102 4  261 143 118 5  285 158 127 9  194 105 89 9  12 12 -  5  71  -  -  5 -  71 -  22 13 9 -  60 21 39 -  64 28 36 -  70 47 23 -  20 10 10  149 24 125  134 43 91  202 139 63  197 115 82  5  3  23 22 1 1  21 17 4  48 37  -  4  7  -  1  3 1 2  -  3  96 8 88  31 31  13 13  7 7  29 29  7 7  25 25  12 12  4  35 15 20  5 5  89 1 88  6 6  1 1  3 3  494 193 301 16  268 146 122 11  298 102 196 10  150 55 95 52  103 19 84 62  44 17 27 13  96 38 58 1  256 104 152 2  134 87 47 2  222 83 139 6  99 52 47 7  80 14 66 59  215 111 104  98 67 31  238 89 149  134 59 75  76 19 57  51 3 48  90 48 42  58 25 33  69 50 19  1  3  103 66 37 3  34 15 19 2  38 11 27 16  Switchboard operator-  Order clerks, class A....................  Public utilities..........................  Accounting clerks, class B...........  Manufacturing............................. Public utilities..........................  150.00- 276.00 155.50- 230.00 144.00- 276.00  244.00 237.00 251.00 360.00  -  -  4 -  32 -  _  _  -  -  -  -  4  32  -  -  -  -  4  32  22 5 17  _  _  6  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  6 ‘  5  -  -  -  3  __rl  i  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  4  -  _  11-|  _  1  1  -  4  11  -  -  20 17 3 2  36 30 6 5  29 20 g 6  38 34  -  36 9 27 13  18 15 3 2  26 20 6 5  6  4  -  23 5 18  8 8  2 2  10 -  30  18 16 2 1  6 6  5 5  26 20  -  -  6  12  -  -  2  -  -  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  of workers  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  hours1 ard)  105 Mean3  Median3  Middle range3  nnH®r 110  110 120  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,532 727 805 102  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  206.00 206.00 206.50 265.50  195.00 176.00195.00 174.00195.00 178.00247.50 214.50-  223.50 217.50 230.00 325.00  _  -  36 36 -  Key entry operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  703 368 335 48  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  227.00 224.50 230.00 278.00  213.00 195.00- 253.00 208.00 194.00- 234.00 220.00 195.00- 253.00 278.00 229.00- 336.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  829 359 470 54  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  188.50 187.00 189.50 254.00  180.00 180.00 184.00 219.50  _  36  _  167.00167.00164.00194.50-  206.00 195.00 214.00 269.00  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  36 -  -  -  -  400 and over  19 7 12 -  49 24 25 -  82 40 42 6  110 60 50 -  145 101 44 1  220 107 113 -  163 56 107 8  292 164 128 14  153 63 90 19  106 29 77 6  48 10 38 21  15 14 1 1  3 2 1  18 10 8 3  49 30 19 11  8 6 2  15 3 12 12  1 1  1 1 -  _  36 13 23 -  46 33 13  59 34 25 -  197 128 69 2  76 44 32 12  89 15 74 6  35 5 30 13  15 14 1 1  3 2 1  18 10 8 3  49 30 19 11  1 1  1 1  -  57 31 26 -  2  -  18 7 11 -  -  -  18 7 11 -  49 24 25 -  64 33 31 6  74 47 27 -  99 68 31 1  163 76 87 -  104 22 82 8  95 36 59 12  77 19 58 7  17 14 3 -  13 5 8 8  14 2 12 12  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  5  _ _  _ _  -  -  2  6 6 -  -  -  -  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  540  Computer systems analysts (business)..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  706 336 370 178  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  445.00 431.50 457.00 480.00  432.50 423.00 445.50 488.50  391.00388.00397.00412.00-  499.00 479.00 514.50 539.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 3 -  8 7 1 -  41 27 14 10  41 19 22 11  44 22 22 9  Computer systems analysts (business), class A................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  297 173 124 45  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  484.00 465.50 509.00 567.00  480.00 466.50 509.50 548.00  423.00416.50454.50514.50-  525.50 503.00 545.50 628.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  _ _ -  1 1 _ -  2 2 _ -  Computer systems analysts (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  227 91 136 45  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  413.00 396.50 423.50 440.00  410.00 368.50- 446.00 382.00 338.00- 435.00 419.50 384.00- 447.00 411.50 384.50- 501.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  4 4 -  23 20 3 -  18 7 11 3  Computer systems analysts (business), class C................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  102 72 110  40.0 40.0 40.0  421.50 394.00 440.00  415.50 360.50- 470.00 396.50 354.50- 430.50 440.50 366.00- 507.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 2 -  3 2 1  18 7 11  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  665 362 303  39.5 39.5 39.0  337.00 338.00 336.50  328.00 296.00- 361.50 326.50 282.00- 364.50 328.00 303.50- 354.00  _ -  _ -  _  _  -  -  18 17 1  29 23 6  45 37 8  97 41 56  116 55 61  Computer programmers (business), class A................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  215 135 80  39.5 40.0 39.0  370.00 377.00 357.50  347.50 324.00- 401.50 354.50 311.00- 425.50 345.00 333.00- 381.50  -  -  -  -  -  2 1 1  -  22 20 2  Computer programmers (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  307 129 178  39.5 39.5 39.0  336.00 335.50 336.00  328.00 301.00- 357.50 334.50 301.50- 363.50 321.00 301.00- 351.00  -  -  -  -  14 14 -  4 3 1  9 5 4  Computer programmers (business), class C................... Manufacturing.............................  143 98  39.5 39.5  291.00 287.00  286.00 267.50- 316.50 271.50 264.50- 316.50  -  -  -  -  4 3  23 19  Computer operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  733 425 308  39.5 40.0 38.5  256.50 251.50 263.50  243.00 209.00- 299.00 240.00 208.00- 276.50 256.00 209.00- 307.00  _ -  42 31 11  49 26 23  153 89 64  105 66 39  Computer operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  149 94 55  39.5 40.0 39.5  305.00 308.00 299.50  298.00 260.50- 341.00 296.50 264.00- 341.00 307.00 248.00- 336.00  _ -  _ -  4 1 3  7 3 4  Computer operators, class B....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  459 232 227  39.0 40.0 38.5  254.00 245.00 263.00  241.50 209.00- 295.50 240.00 207.00- 268.50 256.00 210.00- 304.50  _  -  14 12 2  30 19 11  Computer operators, class C....... Manufacturing.............................  125 99  40.0 40.0  208.00 212.50  213.00 213.00  182.00- 226.00 199.50- 226.00  _ -  28 19  Peripheral equipment operators...... Nonmanufacturing......................  78 66  39.5 39.5  253.50 247.00  269.50 205.00- 289.50 269.00 194.00- 289.50  _ -  Computer data librarians.................  50  39.0  232.00  237.50  3  200.50- 247.50  61 24 37 11  540 and over  96 60 36 6  81 38 43 15  63 24 39 16  46 29 17 6  51 27 24 13  49 18 31 18  52 21 31 19  17 48 8 38 9 10 - # "  26 22 4 -  26 11 15 4  26 22 4 1  34 21 13 3  32 15 17 5  35 * * 49 17 15 18 34 7 25  27 13 14 6  25 6 19 10  33 10 23 6  35 8 27 4  21 7 14 2  10 2 8 -  8 5 3 2  5 2 3 2  8 4 4 3  9 2 7 #7  22 11 11  15 7 8  19 10 9  15 12 3  20 8 12  16 6 10  10 5 5  9 1 8  12 1 11  9  12  _  _  105 49 56  85 38 47  45 28 17  29 14 15  24 15 9  26 10 16  9 7 2  14 6 8  5 5 -  1 1 -  4 3 1  13 13 -  28 22 6  34 11 23  35 16 19  22 15 7  16 5 11  13 8 5  11 10 1  7 7 -  10 5 5  4 4 -  _  1 1  10 10  49 10 39  61 17 44  63 34 29  33 10 23  22 13 9  12 8 4  11 7■ 4  15 _ 15  2 _ 2  4 1 3  1 1 -  1 1 -  3 2 1  3 3  36 32  26 11  27 16  8 4  17 12  1 -  1 1  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  _  -  94 56 38  61 52 9  51 38 13  64 14 50  27 13 14  46 9 37  21 18 3  11 8 3  2 1 1  4 2 2  1 _ 1  1 1 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1 -  10 7 3  14 8 6  19 15 4  22 16 6  17 7 10  17 11 6  14 9 5  7 4 3  9 8 1  2 1 1  4 2 _ 2  1 _ 1  1 1 -  .  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1 -  111 54 57  62 28 34  70 41 29  40 35 5  28 21 7  46 6 40  10 2 8  32 32  14 14 -  2 _ 2  . _ -  . _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  15 6  35 32  33 31  10 7  2 2  1 1  1 1  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  . -  .  .  .  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  9 9  9 9  6 4  4 3  8 6  9 8  29 27  _  _ -  _  4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4  5  6  8  14  4  3  - 2  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  6  -  -  _  70 17 * 53 44  9 # # 12  -  -  .  Table A-2. Weekly earnings o< professional and technical workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median3  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  540  540 and over  Drafters............................................. Manufacturing.............................  1,017 934  40.0 40.0  293.50 289.50  284.50 234.50- 340.50 279.50 229.00- 334.00  12 12  35 35  60 60  92 90  81 77  114 106  100 92  71 62  89 88  108 102  74 72  65 46  41 31  15 4  11 8  5 5  5 5  6 6  7 7  7 7  19 19  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing............................  337 315  40.0 40.0  358.00 357.50  342.00 314.00- 377.50 340.50 314.00- 371.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 -  1 1  2 2  31 29  17 15  49 49  61 61  58 58  37 37  18 15  14 4  7 4  1 1  -  6 6  7 7  7 7  19 19  Drafters, class B........................... Manufacturing............................  369 311  40.0 40.0  296.50 291.00  287.50 253.00- 331.50 281.50 251.00- 315.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  13 13  28 26  71 64  57 51  49 42  40 39  42 36  9 7  27 8  19 12  1  4 4  4 4  5 5  -  -  -  -  Drafters, class C........................... Manufacturing.............................  244 241  40.0 40.0  225.00 225.00  212.00 212.00  192.00- 248.00 192.00- 248.50  9 9  26 26  35 35  55 55  48 46  38 37  12 12  4 4  -  5 5  7 7  1 1  4 4  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Drafter-tracers.............................. Manufacturing.............................  67 67  40.0 40.0  197.50 197.50  195.50 184.50- 207.00 195.50 184.50- 207.00  3 3  9 9  25 25  22 22  4 4  3 3  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing.............................  782 428  40.0 40.0  350.50 311.00  362.50 303.00- 402.50 316.00 278.00- 351.00  _ -  12 12  6 6  7 1  25 25  17 14  50 50  52 40  93 90  62 59  61 58  64 43  20 20  225 6  84  1 1  -  2 2  Electronics technicians, class A... Manufacturing.............................  197 197  40.0 40.0  338.00 338.00  350.50 317.00- 362.50 ' 350.50 317.00- 362.50  _  _ -  _  _  -  -  3 3  3 3  10 10  5 5  33 33  34 34  53 53  38 38  16 16  1 1  -  -  -  Electronics technicians, class B...  453  40.0  348.50  375.00 294.50- 402.50  -  -  -  6  22  12  37  38  60  28  8  20  4  215  -  1  Registered industrial nurses........... Manufacturing.............................  152 130  39.5 40.0  318.50 311.50  307.50 271.50- 352.50 303.50 271.00- 335.50  _ -  _  _ -  1 1  16 16  3 3  27 25  15 15  23 22  23 17  13 10  3 3  9  14 14  2 1  1 1  -  -  $600.00 to $620.00; 2 at $620.00 to $640.00; 5 at $640.00 to $660.00; and 6 at $660.00 and over. * • Workers were distributed as follows: 14 at $540.00 to $560.00; 7 at $560.00 to $580.00; 6 at $580.00 to $600.00; 8 at $600.00 to $620.00; 4 at $620.00 to $640.00; 5 at $640.00 to $660.00; and 5 at $660.00 and over.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  1  -  -  2  -  .  _  -  -  1  1  -  # # Workers were distributed as follows: 8 at $540.00 to $560.00; and 4 at $560.00 to $580.00.  See footnotes at end of tables.  7  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Average (mean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  1,118 419 699  39.0 40.0 38.5  187.50 202.00 178.50  527 288 239 44  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  205.00 209.50 200.00 207.00  591 131 460  38.5 39.5 38.0  185.50 167.50  File clerks..................................................................  645 203 442  39.0 40.0 38.5  175.50 179.50 174.00  File clerks, class A................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................  87 59  39.0 38.5  201.50 194.50  File clerks, class B.................................................  290 130 160  39.5 40.0 39.0  189.50 176.50 200.00  268 223  38.5 38.0  152.00 149.50  Office occupations men Messengers............................................................... Accounting clerks: Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities...................................................  Payroll clerks............................................................  90  39.5  191.00  39  40.0  261.00  119 54  39.5 40.0  288.50 316.00  61  40.0  277.00  Office occupations women 2,377 1,491 886 _  # ,  39.5 39.5 39.0  254.00 258.00 247.50  223 189  39.5 39.5  314.00 312.50  Secretaries, class B...................... ........................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  516 370 146 37  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  279.00 275.00 289.50 336.50  Secretaries, class C.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  832 548 284 43  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  251.50 251.50 251.SO 291.00  563 288 275  39.5 39.5 39.0  222.00 226.00 218.00  243 96 147  39.5 40.0 39.0  229.00 220.00 235.00  Number of workers  Average (mean*) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly Weekly hours1 earnings (stand­ (in dollars)1 ard)  502 287 215 35  39.5 39.5 39.5 39.0  215.00 216.00 213.50 277.00  1,501 708 793 94  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  206 50 206.50 206.00 268.00  687 360 327 44  39.5 40 0 39.0 40.0  227.00 225 00 229.50 277.00  814 348 466 50  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  188.50 187.50 189.50 260.50  548 277 271 136  39 5 40.0 39.5 40.0  451 00 439.00 464.00 489.00  253 149 104 45  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  490.00 471.00 517.50 567.00  68 86 28  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  414.50 405.00 422.00 434.00  141 60 81  40.0 40.0 40.0  421.50 398.00 439.00  419 252 167 58  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  345.50 348.50 341.50 367.00  155 107  39.5 40.0  373.50 376.50  179 78 101  39.5 39.5 39.0  347.50 360.00 338.00  85 67  39.5 39.5  290.50 290.00  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Messengers............................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  166 80 86  38.5 39.5 38.0  174.50 169.00 179.00  128 62 66  39.5 40.0 39.5  195.50 220.00 172.00  484 196 288  39.5 40.0 39.0  194.00 202.50 188.00  672 229 443  39.5 39.0 40.0  198.00 211.50 191.00  Switchboard operator-  Nonmanufacturing............................................... Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Order clerks............................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  Computer systems analysts  Order clerks, class A: Manufacturing......................................................  124  38.5  220.50  Order clerks, class B............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  306 99 207  40.0 39.5 40.0  196.50 199.50 195.00  2,750 1,201 1,549  39.5 39.5 39.0  206.50 210.00 203.50  Computer programmers  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  835 521 314  40.0 40.0 40.0  225.50 223.00 229.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  561 395 166 65  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  234.00 229.50 244.50 283.50  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  274 126 148 85  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  208.50 204.00 212.50 224.50  1,188 514 674 90  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  225.00 235.50 217.00 291.00  Computer programmers  39.0 40.0 38.0  209.50 204.50 213.00  1,562 687 875  39.5 39.5 39.0  192.00 191.00 192.50  Computer programmers  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  254 107 147  Nonmanufacturing................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  8  Computer programmers (business)......................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing......................................................  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 —Continued Average (mean2) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Manufacturing......................................................  Electronics technicians............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  441 266 175 30  39.5 40.0 38.5 40.0  259.50 260.00 259.00 283.50  105  39.5 40.0  314.50 319.00  294 171 123 27  39.0 40.0 38.0 40.0  247.00 243.50 252.00 277.00  845 774  40.0 40.0  301.00 297.50  324 303  40.0 40 0  359.00  277 230  40.0 40.0  302.00 295.50  204 201  40.0 40.0  227.00 227.00  702 387  40.0 40.0  355.00 317.00  Average (mean2) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  193 193  40.0 40.0  338.00 338.00  397  40.0  350.50  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class B............................................. Computer programmers (business)......................... Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  139  39.5 39.0  429.50 439.00  63 50  39.0 39.0  419.00 426.00  235 99 136  39.0 40.0 38.5  323.00 313.00 330.00  Computer programmers  Average (mean2) Sex,® occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  58  39.0  291.50  Computer operators................................................. Nonmanufacturing................................................  264 133  39.0 39.0  250.50 270.00  Computer operators, class B................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................  151 104  39.0 38.5  268.50 276.50  Computer operators, class C................................  76 63  40.0 39.5  202.50 202.50  60  39.5  255.50  Electronics technicians.............................................  80  40.0  313.50  Manufacturing.......................................................  149 127  39.5 40.0  319.00 312.00  of workers  Computer programmers  Computer programmers Nonmanufacturing................................................  121 77  39.0 39.0  321.50 333.50  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers In Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  6.00 Under and 6.00 under 6.20  8.96-10.96 8.96-10.96 8.69-11.87 8.69-10.23  _ -  6.20  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.00  7.20  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.00  7.20  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  195 117 78 46  9.98 9.85 10.19 9.34  9.94 9.57 10.23 9.34  Maintenance electricians.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,237 986 251  10.48 10.53 10.32  10.81 9.60-11.32 10.98 9.66-11.52 10.33 9.55-11.06  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  109 56 53  10.15 10.29 10.01  10.55 9.49-10.95 10.55 9.25-10.78 9.94 9.49-10.95  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ -  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing.............................  584 570  11.11 11.14  11.72 10.30-12.15 12.05 10.30-12.15  _ -  _ -  _ -  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,869 1,779 90  8.77 8.72 9.75  8.59 7.35-10.42 8.58 7.32-10.78 9.94 9.55-10.41  -  -  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  581 226 355 345  10.04 9.62 10.31 10.34  10.71 9.09 11.00 11.00  8.95-11.06 8.89-10.96 9.79-11.23 9.79-11.23  -  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  332 323  10.87 10.90  10.96 10.80-11.32 10.96 10.81-11.32  _ -  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  154 153  10.45 10.46  10.80 9.27-11.32 10.80 9.27-11.32  _ -  _ -  _ -  Millwrights........................................ Manufacturing.............................  316 311  10.38 10.36  11.00 9.53-11.32 10.89 9.52-11.32  _ -  _ -  Maintenance trades helpers........... Manufacturing.............................  108 94  8.41 8.81  9.59 6.83- 9.82 9.82 7.82- 9.82  • 11 4  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)... Manufacturing.............................  675 675  9.44 9.44  8.89 8.41-11.08 8.89 8.41-11.08  _ -  Tool and die makers........................ Manufacturing.............................  1,222 1,222  10.42 10.42  10.89 9.34-11.50 10.89 9.34-11.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  Stationary engineers........................ Manufacturing.............................  225 211  8.96 8.95  9.54 8.24-10.22 9.54 7.86-10.22  13 13  13 13  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 4 “  10.20 10.60 11.00' 11.40 11.80 12.20 12.60 13.00 and 10.60 11.00 11.40 11.80 12.20 12.60 13.00 over  _  _  _  -  “  6 6 -  2 2 -  3 3 -  39 16 23 22  18 17 1 1  24 13 11 9  4 1 3 1  18 5 13 13  33 31 2 -  10 8 2 -  11 11 _ -  23  -  23  _ -  _ -  69 69 -  51 51 -  33 30 3  49 33 16  178 105 73  79 62 17  132 72 60  157 152 5  193 133 60  124 118 6  21 21 -  130 127 3  _  _  8  -  _ _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  13 13 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1 -  3 1 2  12 10 2  8 3 5  15 _ 15  3 2 1  12 12 -  38 13 25  12 11 1  3 3 -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 1  27 27  22 22  14 14  7 7  27 27  46 44  20 13  64 60  42 42  25 25  269 269  -  19 19  -  185 185 -  6 6 -  33 33 -  46 46 -  79 79 -  129 119 10  266 266 -  134 134 -  60 60 -  104 104 -  98 92 6  108 85 23  111 98 13  52 19 33  337 332 5  56 56 -  65 65 -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _  _  _ -  _  -  1 1 1  5 4 1 1  12 12 12  -  22 18 4 4  3 2 1 1  36 13 23 23  21 11 10 10  15 1 14 10  61 57 4 -  25 12 13 13  27 15 12 12  25 11 14 14  6 6 _ -  70 33 37 37  184 8 176 174  3 _ 3 3  65 35 30 30  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  5 5  15 15  11 11  27 18  5 5  2 2  120 120  87 87  4 4  54 54  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  3 3  _  _  -  _ -  _ -  1 1  40 40  9 8  2 2  .  -  4 4  39 39  29 29  -  27 27  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  _ -  21 21  21 21  19 19  15 15  53 53  1 1  .  -  27 27  127 122  2 2  -  30 30  -  -  4 4  6 -  2 2  4 4  4 4  _  1 1  2 2  11 11  4 3  1 1  3 3  2 2  53 53  .  _  -  “  -  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  45 45  _  15 15  19 19  62 62  164 164  41 41  15 15  24 24  31 31  7 7  6 6  196 196  45 45  5 5  _ -  _ -  -  _ -  _ -  68 68  15 15  -  1 1  10 10  6 6  119 119  91 91  97 97  58 58  35 35  124 124  262 262  242 242  33 33  27 27  14 14  20 20  13 13  _  _  3 3  6 6  3 3  5 5  17 10  12 12  12 12  30 25  6 5  63 62  18 18  11 11  .  -  -  -  -  -  -  Boiler tenders.................................. 214 8.72 8.88 7.39-10.15 5 _ _ Manufacturing............................. 205 8.72 8.88 7.37-10.15 5 * Workers were distributed as follows: 5 under $5.40; 2 at $5.60 to $5.80; and 4 at $5.80 to $6.00. See footnotes at end of tables.  _  20 20  _  13 13  5 3  _ -  18 14  54 54  16 16  5 5  32 29  15 15  15 15  -  -  -  -  -  -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  16 16  -  -  10  _  -  8  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean*  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  2,996 834 2,162 1,471  8.86 7.36 9.44 11.16  Truckdrivers, medium truck.......... Manufacturing............................  525 292  Truckdrivers, heavy truck............ Manufacturing.............................  Median*  10.02 7.44 10.97 11.48  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range*  3.10 and under 3.20  3.20  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20 10.60 11.00 11.40 11.80  10.20 10.60 11.00 11.40  6.75-11.48 6.07- 9.23 7.00-11.48 10.97-11.48  _ -  _ -  190 190 -  39 39 -  147 108 39 -  79 42 37 -  22 11 11 . -  _ -  98 98 -  49 49 -  168 78 90 2  228 31 197 -  194 134 60 10  32 29 3 3  29 25 4 -  16 15 1 1  13 13 _ -  177 56 121 107  102 102 . -  38 38 _ -  336 _ 336 314  8.22 6.47  9.48 4.95-10.87 6.07 4.50- 7.76  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 -  108 108  27 27  16 5  _ -  37 37  _ -  16 15  4 4  32 24  2 2  _  4 3  6 6  11 9  52 52  . -  209 -  -  -  420 95  8.69 8.26  7.70 7.00-11.32 7.70 7.70- 9.41  _ -  _ "  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  1 1  202 15  37 37  12 12  4 4  _  _  -  -  35 23  3 3  _ -  _ -  63 -  63 -  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,579 379 1,200 1,120  10.28 7.83 11.05 11.24  9.53-11.48 6.36- 9.52 11.32-11.48 11.48-11.48  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  15 15 -  _ -  _ -  49 49 -  49 49 -  46 46 “  14 4 10 -  115 67 48 -  7 7 -  18 18 -  9 9 -  7 7 -  128 21 107 107  44 44 _ -  38 38 _ -  127 _ 127 105  38 5 33 33  875 _ 875 875  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  330 238 92  6.96 7.16 6.45  7.26 4.80- 8.28 7.02 4.98- 8.74 7.50 4.32- 7.70  _ -  6 6  _ -  _ -  22 22  61 60 1  2 2  5 3 2  12 12 -  10 10 -  35 34 1  34 33 1  56 2 54  4 4 -  4 4 -  18 18 -  18 18 -  27 24 3  13 13 -  1 1 -  1 1 -  1 1 -  _ -  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  409 176 233  6.43 7.75 5.44  7.00 3.60- 7.57 7.63 6.78- 8.74 5.78 3.50- 7.24  _ -  50 50  57 57  2 2  1 1  4 4  2 2  4 2 2  22 22  14 14  54 31 23  24 24 -  4 1 3  9 9 -  8 7 1  -  _ _ -  1 1  -  28 22 6  2 2  -  87 6 81  7 7  -  29 28 1  -  _ -  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing.............................  633 485  6.54 6.21  6.50 5.46- 7.73 5.92 5.40- 6.95  _ -  _ -  48 48  _ -  _ -  7 7  11 11  111 111  135 135  10 8  131 51  13 13  32 29  31 31  61 14  15 15  1 1  6 6  16  _ -  _ -  5 5  -  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing.............................  968 471  7.98 7.60  7.85 7.34- 8.96 7.68 7.33- 7.85  8  _ -  _ -  2  28 15  19 15  5 -  -  43 19  143 119  89 84  182 164  139  -  9 -  3  -  -  -  83 46  144 3  23 -  48 6  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,415 700 715  5.55 5.31 5.78  5.23 4.31- 6.90 4.43 4.31- 6.45 6.25 4.09- 6.90  -  38 38  76 76  126 10 116  420 420 -  43 40 3  48 40 8  69 10 59  50 50  60 28 32  297 9 288  5 5 -  98 98 "  11 11 -  9 9 -  9 8 1  _ _ -  44 _ 44  10 10 -  _  _ -  _ -  1 1 -  1 1 -  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  977 801 176  6.92 7.38 4.80  7.33 5.41- 8.47 7.74 6.67- 8.47 4.39 3.20- 5.43  7 7  60 60  20 20  6 5 1  70 70 -  26 13 13  30 30 -  53 21 32  27 13 14  13 13  105 105 -  103 103 -  61 61 -  30 30 -  234 234 -  87 87 -  17 17 -  21 5 16  2 2 -  3 3 -  _ _ -  _ -  2 2 -  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,077 1,301 776  8.08 7.45 9.14  8.02 6.69- 9.41 8.02 6.78- 8.06 11.42 6.04-11.42  -  41 27 14  35 35  24 24  8 8  81 60 21  87 57 30  54 2 52  71 45 26  42 13 29  205 179 26  80 80  63 63 -  539 539 -  166 149 17  22 22 -  20 20 -  53 26 27  8 8 -  11 11 -  _  _ -  33 _ 33  434 _ 434  Forklift operators.............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,940 2,761 179  7.25 7.18 8.23  7.26 5.26- 9.23 7.27 5.26- 9.23 7.24 7.24- 9.48  -  -  _ -  _ -  465 465 -  31 31 -  335 334 1  131 125 6  156 144 12  18 17 1  122 122 -  393 310 83  118 118 -  40 40 -  38 38 -  274 272 2  98 98 -  347 293 54  354 354 -  _  6 _ 6  _ _ -  14  Guards.............................................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  2,373 342 2,031  4.33 7.24 3.84  3.62 3.20- 4.45 7.39 5.94- 8.68 3.50 3.20- 4.00  472 472  285 285  475 475  451 451  144 3 141  24 3 21  100 30 70  50 26 24  60 42 18  30 18 12  8 2 6  72 67 5  55 47 8  2 _ 2  5 4 1  64 63 1  25 19 6  26 18 8  20 _ 20  5 _ 5  _  _  Guards, class A............................  155  7.17  7.40 5.80- 7.77  -  2  -  -  -  -  10  20  28  12  2  1  44  -  5  Guards, class B............................ Manufacturing.............................  2,218 226 1,992  4.13 7.63 3.74  3.50 3.20- 4.00 7.39 7.10- 8.80 3.5C 3.20- 4.0C  472 472  283 283  475 475  451 451  144 3 141  24 3 21  90 20 70  30 6 24  32 14 18  18 6 12  6 6  71 66 5  11 8 3  2 _ 2  _  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  4,315 1,702 2,613 110  4.69 6.54 3.47 5.90  3.50 6.67 3.15 5.33  1348 1348  647 81 566  324 3 321  154 22 132  -  -  -  231 194 37 26  166 91 75 51  231 186 45 -  90 86 4 2  128 125 3 -  343 338 5 3  88 79 9  -  43 7 36 5  34 26 8 8  249 245 4 4  11.48 7.68 11.48 11.48  3.155.453.104.61-  6.30 7.98 3.40 5.77  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  11  -  -  . -  938 _ 938 938  _  14  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  6  -  20  5  -  19 19  26 18 8  _  _ _  .  _  64 63 1  86 85 1 1  48 47 1 1  59 50 9  19 19  18 18  _  101 5 96 96  9  _  9 9  -  _  _  -  _  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, In Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and pOwerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters................................. Manufacturing............................................ . Nonmanufacturing..................................... Maintenance electricians................................ Manufacturing............................................. Nonmanufacturing......................................  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Boiler tenders................................................................... Manufacturing................................................................. 194 117 77 1,213 963 250  9.97 9.85 10.16 10.47 10.51 10.32  Number of workers  214 205  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4 8.72 8.72  Nonmanufacturing.......................................................  Material movement and custodial occupations - men Truckdrivers............................................................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Public utilities................................................................  Manufacturing.............................................................. 2,937 818 2,119 1,452  8.87 7.34 9.46 11.17 Guards, class B...............................................................  Maintenance painters...................................... Manufacturing............................................. Nonmanufacturing......................................  56 52  10.29  Truckdrivers, medium truck................................................ Manufacturing...................................................................  504 292  8.13 6.47  Maintenance machinists................................... Manufacturing.............................................  537 523  11.19 11.22  Truckdrivers, heavy truck................................................... Manufacturing...................................................................  420 95  8 69 8.26  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................................................... Manufacturing............................................. Nonmanufacturing.......................................  1,863 1,773 90  8.77 8.73 9.75  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................................ Manufacturing............................................. Nonmanufacturing....................................... Public utilities..........................................  579 224 355 345  10.04 9.62 10.31 10.34  Maintenance pipefitters.................................... Manufacturing.............................................  308 299  10.92 10.96  Nonmanufacturing.......................................................... Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.................................................  1,571 371 1,200 1,120  10.29 7.82 11.05 11.24  178 86  7.16 6.47  154 153  Millwrights.......................................................... Manufacturing..............................................  298 293  10.44 10.43  Maintenance trades helpers............................. Manufacturing..............................................  92  8.46 8.83  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).................. Manufacturing..............................................  669 669  9.45 9 45  Tool and die makers......................................... Manufacturing..............................................  1,221 1,221  10.42 10.42  Stationary engineers......................................... Manufacturing..............................................  220 207  8.96 8.96  10.45 10.46  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  2,698 2,533 165  7.30 7.24 8.26  2,164 317 1,847  4.35 7.30 3.85  144  7.27  2,020 211 1,809  4.14 7.66 3.73  2,874 1,295 1,579 35  4.82 6.40 3.52 7.52  63  7.09  Material movement and custodial occupations - women Shippers...............................................................................  Maintenance sheet-metal workers................... Manufacturing............................................. .  Warehousemen..................................................................  154  7.60  Order fillers.................................................................... Manufacturing.........................................................  585 275  4.63 4.62  Shipping packers................................................................... Manufacturing................................................................  221 143  5.71 5.81  Manufacturing..................................................................  210 176  5.80  Manufacturing..................................................................  226 212  6.57 6.49  204 184  4.05 3.80  340 159 181  6.63 7.70 5.69  Manufacturing...................................................................  545 407  6.39 5.98  Manufacturing...................................................................  796 400  8.02 7.60  Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................  812 407 405  6.19 5.72 6.66  Shipping packers.................................................................... Manufacturing...................................................................  749 651  7.27 7.73  193 183  3.95 3.77  Material handling laborers..................................................... Manufacturing................................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................................ Public utilities................................................................  1,861 1,125 736 482  8.34 7.70 9.31 11.32  1,400 368 1,032 75  4.35 7.02 3.40 5.14  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  12  Public utilities...............................................................  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Milwaukee, WIs., selected periods All industries Period5  Indexes (April 1977 = 100): April 1979.......................................................................................................... April 1980.......................................................................................................... Percent increases: May 1972 to May 1973..................................................................................... May 1973 to May 1974..................................................................................... May 1974 to April 1975: 11-month increase........................................................................................ Annual rate of increase................................................................................. April 1975 to April 1976.................................................................................... April 1976 to April 1977..................................................................................... April 1977 to April 1976.................................................................................... April 1978 to April 1979..................................................................................... April 1979 to April 1980.....................................................................................  Manufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  116.2 128.2  115.4 127.6  117.6 130.4  5.5 7.2  o o  5.2 6.9  8.7 9.5 8.3 7.2 7.8 7.2 8.9  8.5 9.3 8.0 7.0. 8.6 7.0 10.3  9.4 10.3 8.2 6.5 8.6 6.3 10.6  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  115.6 125.9  Nonmanufacturing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  114.9 125.5  115.0 125.8  117.5 130.5  120.4 133.2  117.3 128.1  117.6 131.6  o o  116.7 130.1  5.0 7.0  c) «  5.2 7.1  5.1 7.4  5.8 8.1  6.3 7.4  o <•)  <■) 0  63 8.1  8.6 9.4 7.7 7.9 6.2 7.4 8.6  8.5 9.3 7.9 7.2 6.9 7.5 9.2  9.6 10.5 7.6 6.7 7.9 6.6 9.4  10.9 11.9 8.3 9.1 8.4 8.4 11.1  11.2 12.3 9.3 8.2 10.3 9.2 10.6  8.8 9.6 9.1 6.4 9.6 7.0 9.2  8.8 9.6 8.2 6.8 10.5 6.4 11.9  o o (•> o <•) o  4.7 5.1 9.4 5.1 9.2 6.9 11.5  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  118.8 131.9  114.1 123.9  5.4 7.6  5.9 8.0  10.2 11.2 8.6 8.6 8.4 8.5 10.9  8.8 9.6 9.3 7.2 10.0 8.0 11.0  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for office clerical occupations, Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Office clerical occupation being compared  Occupation which equals 100  Tran­ Secretaries Stenographers scrib­ Typists File clerks ing Class Class Class Class Class Senior Gener­ ma­ Class Class Class Class Class chine B C D E al A B A B C A typists  Secretaries, class A................................................................................................... 100 100 Secretaries, class B................................................................................................... 116 118 100 Secretaries, class C................................................................................................... 132 128 115 100 Secretaries, class D................................................................................................... 151 Secretaries, class E................................................................................................... 162 136 121 118 100 117 115 100 Stenographers, senior............................................................................................... 156 136 114 123 120 130 112 149 Stenographers, general............................................................................................. 176 136 117 108 158 114 Transcribing-machine typists..................................................................................... 153 127 128 113 165 144 114 Typists, class A.......................................................................................................... 163 149 132 130 122 Typists, class B.......................................................................................................... 183 130 120 116 110 98 File clerks, class A..................................................................................................... 144 134 132 121 166 145 File clerks, class B..................................................................................................... 192 162 157 125 146 194 188 File clerks, class C..................................................................................................... 116 165 143 137 118 Messengers............................................................................................................... 182 105 107 133 116 101 Switchboard operators.............................................................................................. 148 Switchboard operator131 115 116 106 106 139 receptionists.......................................................................................................... 107 101 82 92 119 Order clerks, class A................................................................................................. 131 132 124 125 107 109 Order clerks, class B................................................................................................. 137 121 91 136 105 99 94 Accounting clerks, class A........................................................................................ 145 125 120 116 109 165 Accounting clerks, class B........................................................................................ 97 100 99 117 104 Payroll clerks............................................................................................................. 140 101 98 149 129 120 106 Key entry operators, class A.................................................................................... 123 111 115 166 143 129 Key entry operators, class B........................................ ............................................. NOTE: This matrix table shows the average (mean) relationship of earnings within establishments between any two occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the column heading are expressed as a percent of the earnings for an occupation in the table stub at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  100 o 103 116 87 115 138 106 93 104 78 107 84 104 86 92 106  13  100 105 132 103 125 133 121 90  100 119 98 117 137 116 97  100 85 104 100 96 82  100 123 (•> 131 104  100 116 103 82  100 88 80  Switch­ Accounting Key entry Switch­ board Order clerks Mes­ clerks operators board opera­ Payroll sen­ clerks opera­ tor Class Class Class Class Class Class gers tors -recep­ A B A B A B tionists  100 80  103 93 97 81 89 99 83 82 85 79 87 80 71 80 97 94 92 108 o 76 81 84 86 76 91 76 76 76 113 101 92 110 91 92 96 93 82 78 92 71 64 79 94 94 80 94 80 72 83 106 101 85 107 87 81 93 the left in the stub. Similarly, a value of 85 indicates earnings for the occupation in the stub. See appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  100 100 96 97 86 100 104 109 118 100 90 91 104 98 100 109 106 122 88 121 100 89 94 101 105 100 86 90 100 97 102 95 109 91 109 100 111 99 117 89 120 98 117 119 100 earnings for the occupation in the heading are 15 percent below  Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for professional and technical occupations, Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Professional and technical occupation being compared Occupation which equals 100  Computer systems analysts (business) Class A  Class B  Class C  Computer systems analysts (business), class A.............. 100 Computer systems analysts (business), class B............. 100 119 Computer systems analysts (business), class C............. 131 100 114 Computer programmers (business), class A............. 129 114 100 Computer programmers (business), class B............. 153 133 Computer programmers (business), class C............. 153 135 123 Computer operators, class A.. 155 131 117 Computer operators, class B.. 176 156 136 Computer operators, class C.. 209 183 156 Peripheral equipment operators............................. 210 203 179 Computer data librarians........ 206 191 172 Drafters, class A...................... 128 121 95 Drafters, class B...................... 156 139 118 Drafters, class C...................... 177 178 139 Drafter-tracers........................ . 200 211 C) Electronics technicians, class A................................. C) C) C) Electronics technicians, class B.................................. C) C) 107 Registered industrial nurses.. 157 136 130 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers (busi­ ness) Class A  Peripher­ Comput­ al equip­ er data ment op­ librarians Class C erators Class A  Computer operators  Class B  Class C  Class A  126 125 152 152  118 103 124 158  100 97 115 134  100 122  100  142  118  100  165 167  163 153 96  C) 138 90 108 130 C)  148 141 91  125 124 77 91 111  C) 92 71 83 104 118  100  C)  83  C)  C)  83  P)  C) 79  C) 79  Class B  Drafters Class B  Class C  Tracers  Electronics techni­ Regis­ cians tered in­ dustrial Class A Class B nurses  118  112  132 152 176  110  138 154  C) C) 126  C) 108  111  135 152  100  14  122  C) 90  106 69 77 99 C)  100  73 78 C) C)  79 75  100 123 147  117 116  100 120  100  143  122  100  65  C)  85 82  C) 69  93 102  C) C)  100  107  Table A-10. Average pay relationships within establishments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupation being compared Mechanics  Occupation which equals 100 Carpenters Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Maintenance carpenters.. 100 Maintenance electricians. 96 100 Maintenance painters...... 107 109 Maintenance machinists.. 101 94 Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................. 98 104 Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)........... 101 107 Maintenance pipefitters.... 99 103 Maintenance sheet-metal workers............................. 99 103 Millwrights............................. 97 103 Maintenance trades helpers 123 128 Machine-tool operators (toolroom)................. *.... 98 103 Tool and die makers............ 92 96 Stationary engineers............. 105 113 Boiler tenders...................... . 111 114 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  Motor vehicles  100 90  100  93  105  100  94 95  105 102  103  95 94 152  103 103 137  103 98 119  100  95 90 101 107  103 96 114 119  101  98 94 109 105  Pipefitters  Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  T rades helpers  Machinetool Tool and operators die makers (toolroom)  Stationary engineers  Boiler tenders  100  101  100  96 113  93 104 110  101 101  116 99 93 108 110  100 100 C) 97 91 109 114  100  115  100  100  86  100  93 108 111  81 C) 82  94 103 111  Material handling laborers  Forklift operators  100 97 98  100  100  108 120  100  105  100  Class B  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Table A-11. Average pay relationships within establishments for material movement and custodial occupations, Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 Material movement and custodial occupation being compared Truckdrivers  Occupation which equals 100 Medium truck  Heavy truck  Tractortrailer  Shippers  Receivers  Truckdrivers, medium truck... 100 Truckdrivers, heavy truck... C) 100 Truckdnvers, tractor-trailer. C> C) Shippers............................ 97 C) Receivers........................... 96 C) Shippers and receivers...... 107 C) Warehousemen................. 101 C) Order fillers........................ 106 C) (-) Shipping packers.............. 103 Material handling laborers.. 106 106 Forklift operators............... 105 107 Guards, class A................. O C) Guards, class B................. 127 C) Janitors, porters, and cleaners. 119 112 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Shippers and receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  100 C) 98 108 107 C)  15  Shipping packers  Guards Class A  100  P)  95 92 « O 106  114  102  100 101  97 C) 109  102  113 122  100  C) 101  100  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours1 workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2  217.50221.00204.00281.00-  290.50 289.50 298.00 325.50  105 and under 110  110  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  12 3 9 -  16 2 14 -  37 10 27 -  1,887 1,288 599 135  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  258.00 260.00 255.00 310.00  249.50 249.50 248.50 310.00  Secretaries, class A.......... Manufacturing..................  148 135  40.0 40.0  335.50 334.50  329.00 294.50- 367.00 328.00 296.00- 364.00  Secretaries, class B.......... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing.......... Public utilities...............  395 320 75 28  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  286.50 278.50 320.50 353.50  283.50 277.50 317.00 357.00  253.50250.00288.50334.50-  314.50 307.50 358.00 371.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Secretaries, class C.......... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing............ Public utilities.............. .  629 469 160 30  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  259.00 253.00 276.50 297.50  250.00 244.50 269.00 285.00  229.00225.00243.50266.00-  286.00 274.00 295.00 315.50  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Secretaries, class D.......... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing...........  479 268 211  39.5 40.0 39.5  222.50 225.50 219.00  216.50 200.00- 244.00 218.50 202.50- 245.00 213.00 192.00- 241.00  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  7 3 4  9 2 7  Secretaries, class E.......... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing...........  219 96 123  39.5 40.0 39.5  231.50 220.00 241.00  215.50 200.00- 261.50 213.50 207.00- 230.00 223.50 191.00- 310.00  _  _  _  _  _  5  7  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Stenographers...................... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing........... Public utilities................  589 420 169 137  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  229.50 227.00 235.00 242.00  214.00 190.50- 251.50 210.50 192.00- 239.50 225.00 185.00- 279,50 232.50 190.50- 279.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  3 3  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  Stenographers, senior...... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing...........  373 299 74  40.0 40.0 40.0  239.50 235.50 255.00  216.50 195.50- 289.00 216.00 195.50- 241.50 251.50 190.50- 290.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  Secretaries............................. Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing............ Public utilities...............  Stenographers, general.... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing........... Public utilities..............  216 121 95 85  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  212.50 206.50 219.50 224.50  205.50 196.50 217.00 225.00  180.50180.50174.50186.50-  241.00 235.00 248.50 248.50  Transcribing-machine typists Nonmanufacturing...........  133 84  39.0 38.5  218.00 212.00  204.50 195.00  183.50- 231.50 181.00- 223.50  Typists................................... Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing...........  572 310 262  39.5 40.0 39.5  197.00 209.00 183.00  185.00 190.00 175.50  164.50- 209.50 172.50- 217.50 157.50- 198.50  Typists, class A.................. Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing........... Public utilities.............. .  296 198 98 46  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  216.50 222.00 205.50 205.50  196.00 179.00- 226.00 197.00 179.50- 229.00 194.50 177.50- 224.50 213.50 174.00- 229.00  Typists, class B.................. Manufacturing................. Nonmanufacturing............  276 112 164  39.5 40.0 39.0  176.00 186.00 169.50  171.00 179.00 163.50  152.50- 189.50 160.00- 195.50 145.00- 189.50  File clerks.............................. Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing...........  424 188 236  39.5 40.0 39.0  179.00 188.00 171.50  169.00 175.00 152.00  File clerks, class A.............  54  39.0  212.00  201.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _ -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  -  _  -  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  312 231 81 -  293 218 75 4  274 204 70 9  207 153 54 20  219 155 64 15  165 100 65 46  75 55 20 13  49 28 21 11  37 26 11 8  28 11 17 8  33 27 6 -  1 1  3 3  5 2  10 10  21 20  23 23  18 17  20 19  16 15  12 9  • 19 16  20 11 9 7  9 1 8 5  2 1 1 -  1 1 -  7 1 6 2  12 10 2 -  4 4  1 1  19 19  36 32 4  50 49 1  76 67 9  58 39 19 1  65 60 5 2  40 31 9 6  15 5 10 7 •  -  3 3  -  -  10 8 2  83 78 5  143 116 27 1  140 102 38 5  73 52 21 7  101 73 28 5  30 15 15 5  13 7 6 2  13 4 9 3  25 10 15  40 14 26  38 22 16  143 87 56  81 48 33  57 37 20  37 21 16  29 22 7  9 2 7  4  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  -  10  23 11 12  64 46 18  25 19 6  19 14 5  10 3 7  9 1 8  37  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  37  -  -  -  -  -  40 30 10 9  7 1 6 4  4 3 1 -  _  7 1 6  4 3 1  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  5  7  10  10 9 1 -  13 3 10 4  22 7 15 10  42 28 14 10  49 41 8 5  81 67 14 10  111 90 21 18  80 67 13 12  48 30 18 18  23 6 17 16  27 11 16 16  1 1 -  28 23 5 5  1 1 -  5 2 3  9 4 5  22 15 7  23 20 3  59 50 9  78 71 7  54 54 -  21 16 5  3 2 1  21 5 16  1 1 -  28 23 5  36 30 6  9 8 1 -  8 1 7 4  13 3 10 8  26 21 5 5  22 17 5 4  33 19 14 14  26 13 13 12  27 14 13 13  20 4 16 15  6 6  _  _  4  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  -  -  6 6  1 1  6 6  _  2 1  3 3  _  _  -  9 -  20 13 7 6  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  6 6  11 8  8 5  20 14  16 11  26 15  19 8  _  .  1  -  -  -  -  -  25 1 24  34 9 25  46 19 27  67 32 35  74 45 29  78 49 29  63 34 29  74 49 25  43 19 24  12 9 3  8 4 4  1 1 -  4 4 -  6 4 2  33 28 5  3 3 -  2 2  36 27 9 4  41 27 14 5  38 26 12 2  54 40 14 5  31 10 21 15  10 7 3 2  5 1 4 -  1 1  1 1  -  -  6 4 2 2  30 28 2 -  _ -  -  3  1  1  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  “  -  3 3  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  37 20 17 11  _  _  1  -  -  -  -  1  33 8 25  44 17 27  30 12 18  38 18 20  37 22 15  25 8 17  20 9 11  12 9 3  2 2 -  3 3 -  _  -  25 1 24  -  3 3 -  143.00- 189.50 164.50- 199.50 133.00- 186.00  _  _  35 7 28  38 12 26  55 51 4  53 27 26  20 10 10  20 14 6  17 11 6  11 9 2  2 2 -  6 5 1  1 1 “  7 5 2  _  -  -  -  -  43 21 22  -  -  59 9 50  _  -  40 4 36  17  -  17  -  “  -  172.00- 233.00  -  -  -  -  -  8  6  -  5  7  12  4  3  2  3  1  1  2  -  -  -  _  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  72 42 30 1  10 2 8  1 1  _  58 23 35 ■ “  400 and over  16  -  -  -  _  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  105 and under 110  110  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  120  130  140  150  160  170  180  190  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  File clerks, class B....................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  228 116 112  39.5 40.0 39.0  190.50 188.00 193.50  171.50 171.50 168.00  162.00- 189.50 171.50- 190.00 150.50- 187.00  _  _  _  -  -  -  15 5 10  20 6 14  19 5 14  129.00- 150.00  -  -  40  44  23  30 9 21  50 46 4  40 16 24  12 7 5  5 5 -  11 7 4  3 3 -  .  -  2 2 -  -  6 5 1  15 15  _ -  -  -  8  2  5  8  1  3  2  5  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  14 9 5  12 9 3  18 17 1  22 12 10  7 5 2  15 11 4  4 1 3  4 3 1  7 7  1 1 -  1 1 -  6 6 -  1 1 -  . _ -  .  File clerks, class C.......................  142  39.0  148.00  134.00  Messengers..................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  151 92 59  39.5 40.0 39.0  186.50 189.50 181.50  176.00 150.00- 200.00 177.00 156.00- 200.00 169.50 144.50- 200.50  _ -  _ -  _ -  4 4 -  35 12 23  Switchboard operators.................... Manufacturing.............................  108 67  39.5 40.0  208.50 224.50  201.50 207.00  172.00- 233.50 190.50- 244.50  _ -  _ -  3 -  11 -  1 1  4 1  7 4  7 3  8 8  10 8  18 15  15 8  10 8  4 2  1 1  _ -  3 2  5 5  1 1  Switchboard operatorreceptionists................................. Manufacturing.............................  74 53  39.5 40.0  213.50 226.00  191.50 191.50  172.00- 244.00 182.00- 248.00  -  -  -  -  6 -  -  13 5  -  13 13  15 11  3 3  2 -  11 11  1 1  1 1  -  3 3  3 3  3 2  Order clerks..................................... Manufacturing.............................  187 160  40.0 40.0  232.00 243.50  207.50 227.50  176.00- 288.50 181.00- 296.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  14 2  5 5  16 11  19 19  11 11  14 4  23 23  10 10  12 12  8 8  16 16  13 13  7 7  4 4  Order clerks, class A.................... Manufacturing.............................  105 97  40.0 40.0  256.50 261.50  246.50 262.50  195.50- 311.50 195.00- 315.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ -  3 3  5 5  6 6  6 6  12 4  9 9  7 7  5 5  7 7  10 10  12 12  4 4  Order clerks, class B.................... Manufacturing.............................  76 57  40.0 40.0  199.50 214.50  179.00 206.00  165.50- 217.50 176.00- 249.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  14 2  2 2  11 6  13 13  4 4  2 -  11 11  3 3  5 5  1 1  6 6  1 1  Accounting clerks............................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,257 662 595  39.5 40.0 39.0  224.50 236.00 211.50  211.50 214.00 200.00  170.00- 269.00 182.00- 270.50 159.50- 268.50  4 4  12 - , 12  29 29  25 10 15  63 18 45  72 21 51  99 71 28  60 30 30  108 71 37  85 39 46  154 96 58  121 74 47  83 53 30  101 33 68  89 19 70  Accounting clerks, class A.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  591 324 267  39.5 40.0 39.5  252.00 263.00 239.00  244.00 204.50- 289.00 245.50 212.00- 316.50 240.50 194.00- 289.00  _ -  _ -  12 12  5 5  5 5  17 8 9  21 16 5  19 9 10  25 13 12  30 12 18  84 51 33  65 42 23  66 40 26  50 30 20  Accounting clerks, class B.......... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  666 338 328  39.5 40.0 39.0  199.50 210.00 189.00  186.50 160.50- 222.00 189.50 167.50- 223.00 175.50 149.00- 218.50  4 4  12 12  17 17  20 10 10  58 18 40  55 13 42  78 55 23  41 21 20  83 58 25  55 27 28  70 45 25  56 32 24  17 13 4  Payroll clerks........................... ...... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  260 173 87 37  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  243.00 248.50 231.00 288.00  230.00 230.00 238.00 279.50  186.50194.50174.00261.00-  280.00 291.00 271.50 348.00  _  _  -  -  6 6 -  5 5 -  3 3 -  1 1 1  16 12 4 -  15 4 11 -  22 21 1 1  9 8 1 -  32 24 8 3  38 32 6 1  Key entry operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,021 502 519 86  39.5 39.5 39.5 40.0  211.50 217.00 206.00 248.00  204.50 174.00203.50 179.00206.50 164.00231.00 207.00-  235.00 233.50 238.00 279.50  _  36 36 -  _  "  19 7 12 -  34 9 25 -  52 13 39 6  78 38 40 -  89 61 28 1  89 55 34 -  74 46 28 8  194 105 89 14  Key entry operators, class A........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  564 297 267 44  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  231.50 230.00 232.50 281.00  214.00 193.50211.50 195.00229.00 190.00279.50 229.00-  253.00 245.50 253.00 337.50  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  _  -  -  18 7 11 -  36 13 23 -  30 20 10 -  46 24 22 -  35 27 8 -  182.00 158.00- 214.00 Key entry operators, class B........ 457 39.0 187.00 36 18 _ _ Manufacturing............................ 205 39.0 197.50 185.50 173.00- 212.00 7 252 39.0 178.00 176.50 147.50- 214.50 36 Nonmanufacturing...................... 11 * Workers were distributed as follows: 10 at $400.00 to $420.00; 4 at $420.00 to $440.00; 1 at $440.00 to $460.00; 2 at $460.00 to $480.00; 1 at $500.00 to $520.00; and 1 at $520.00 and over. See footnotes at end of tables.  34 9 25  34 6 28  42 25 17  59 41 18  43 31 12  39 19 20   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  17  400 and over  _ -  _ -  .  .  "  -  _ -  _ -  11 11  .  2 2  4 11 4 * 11  .  3 3  -  -  -  -  24 17 7  20 17 3  32 30 2  29 20 9  8 4 4  39 39 -  78 14 64  16 9 7  18 15 3  22 20 2  29 20 9  8 4 4  21 21 -  51 3 48  11 5 6  8 8 -  2 2 -  10 10 ■ -  _  _  -  _ -  18 18 -  15 10 5 2  33 11 22 16  18 16 2 1  6 6 -  5 5 -  21 15 6 6  8 2 6 6  . -  7 7 _ -  124 63 61 18  95 29 66 3  40 10 30 21  15 14 1 1  3 2 1 -  18 10 8 3  49 30 19 11  8 6 2 -  3 3 -  1 1 _ -  137 84 53 2  67 44 23 11  78 15 63 3  27 5 22 13  15 14 1 1  3 2 1 -  18 10 8 3  49 30 19 11  2  1 1  1 1  -  -  -  -  57 21 36  57 19 38  17 14 3  13 5 8  6 6  2 2 -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  2 -  -  -  2 2  -  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments In Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Average Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range*  140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  540  540 and over  Computer systems analysts (business)...................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  685 329 356 174  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  445.50 432.00 458.50 482.50  435.50 426.50 446.50 490.50  391.00386.50401.00422.00-  499.00 480.00 515.00 541.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3 3 -  8 7 1 -  41 27 14 10  35 19 16 8  44 22 22 9  60 24 36 11  87 53 34 5  81 38 43 15  63 24 39 16  46 29 17 6  50 27 23 13  48 18 30 18  50 21 29 19  •69 17 52 44  Computer systems analysts (business), class A................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  283 166 117 45  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  485.50 467.50 510.00 567.00  481.50 469.50 509.50 548.00  428.00412.00455.00514.50-  526.00 506.00 545.50 628.00  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  -  1 1 -  2 2 -  16 8 8 -  40 31 9 -  26 22 4 -  26 11 15 4  26 22 4 1  33 21 12 3  31 15 16 5  33 17 16 7  48 15 33 25  Computer systems analysts (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  220 91 129 41  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  414.50 396.50 427.00 447.50  412.50 382.00 420.50 414.00  373.50338.00388.00388.00-  447.50 435.00 447.50 505.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  4 4 -  23 20 3 -  12 7 5 -  27 13 14 6  25 6 19 10  32 10 22 5  35 8 27 4  21 7 14 2  10 2 8 -  8 5 3 2  5 2 3 2  8 4 4 3  9 2 7 7  Computer systems analysts (business), class C................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  182 72 110  40.0 40.0 40.0  421.50 394.00 440.00  415.50 360.50- 470.00 396.50 354.50- 430.50 440.50 366.00- 507.00  -  -  -  -  - •  -  -  2 2 -  3 2 1  18 7 11  22 11 11  15 7 8  19 10 9  15 12 3  20 8 12  16 6 10  10 5 5  9 1 8  12 1 11  9  12  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  552 277 275  39.5 40.0 39.0  341.50 347.50 335.50  332.00 299.50- 363.50 334.50 294.00- 370.00 328.00 304.00- 352.00  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  6 5 1  25 23 2  29 23 6  79 26 53  97 40 57  86 34 52  84 38 46  44 28 16  20 7 13  16 8 8  25 10 15  9 7 2  9 6 3  5 5 -  Computer programmers (business), class A................... Manufacturing.............................  174 105  39.5 40.0  379.50 400.00  356.00 334.50- 406.00 374.00 340.50- 440.50  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  7 5  13 7  34 11  35 16  21 15  14 5  12 8  10 10  7 7  5 5  Computer programmers (business), class B................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  253 88 165  39.0 40.0 39.0  338.50 338.50 338.00  322.50 302.50- 357.50 332.00 306.50- 352.50 321.50 302.50- 357.50  -  -  -  -  2 2 -  3 3 -  9 5 4  46 10 36  57 17 40  44 19 25  32 10 22  22 13 9  5 1 4  4  15  _  _  4  15  2 _ 2  Computer programmers (business), class C................... Manufacturing.............................  125 84  39.5 40.0  295.00 290.50  292.50 270.00- 317.50 285.50 258.00- 316.50  -  -  -  -  4 3  21 19  20 18  26 11  27 16  8 4  17 12  1 -  1 1  _  _  -  -  _ -  Computer operators......................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  480 283 197  40.0 40.0 39.5  278.00 273.00 285.00  276.00 230.00- 317.00 264.00 232.00- 297.00 304.50 222.00- 334.50  _  14 4 10  28 14 14  50 27 23  54 44 10  46 37 9  60 52 8  50 38 12  64 14 50  27 13 14  46 9 37  21 18 3  11 8 3  2 1 1  4 2 2  Computer operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  146 94 52  39.5 40.0 39.5  306.50 308.00 303.00  300.00 261.00- 341.00 296.50 264.00- 341.00 310.00 248.00- 339.00  _  _  -  -  3 1 2  7 3 4  9 7 2  14 8 6  19 15 4  21 16 5  17 7 10  17 11 6  14 9 5  7 4 3  9 8 1  2 1 1  4 2 2  _  Computer operators, class B....... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  269 142 127  40.0 40.0 39.5  279.50 267.50 293.00  276.50 234.00- 307.00 261.50 233.50- 283.00 304.50 243.50- 344.50  24 7 17  36 28 8  25 22 3  39 35 4  28 21 7  46 6 40  10 2 8  32  14 14 -  2  _  _  Computer operators, class C.......  65  40.0  208.50  205.00  Peripheral equipment operators...... Nonmanufacturing......................  78 66  39.5 39.5  253.50 247.00  269.50 205.00- 289.50 269.00 194.00- 289.50  Computer data librarians.................  50  39.0  232.00  237.50 200.50- 247.50  188.00- 229.00  -  -  -  -  _  2  _  9  12  1 1 -  4 3 1  13 13 -  4 4  _  -  1 1  10 10  4 1 3  1 1 -  1 1 -  3 2 1  3 3 -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  1 1 -  _  _  _  1 1  -  -  -  _  _  _  1  1 1 -  -  -  -  _  .  .  .  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  '_ -  1 _  1 1  1 1 -  -  2  11 7 4  -  12  14  19  9  7  2  1  1  _  9 9  9 9  6 4  4 3  8 6  9 8  29 27  _  _  _  .  .  .  -  -  -  4 -  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  3  4  5  6  8  4  3  2  -  -  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  .  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ,  _  18  14  -  32  2  _  -  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Average Number weekly of hours' workers (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  Drafters............................................. Manufacturing.............................  82i 752  40.0 40.0  302.00 298.50  299.00 245.00- 350.50 297.00 236.00- 345.50  Drafters, class A........................... Manufacturing.............................  312 300  40.0 40.0  363.00 362.00  Drafters, class B........................... Manufacturing.............................  280 226  40.0 40.0  Drafters, class C........................... Manufacturing.............................  174 171  Drafter-tracers.............................. Manufacturing............................. Electronics technicians.................... Manufacturing.............................  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of — 140 and under 160  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  500  520  540  540 and over  35 35  33 33  60 60  52 50  83 75  71 65  69 62  74 73  88 82  74 72  65 46  34 26  13 4  9 8  5 5  5 5  6 6  7 7  7 7  19 19  345.00 317.50- 377.50 344.00 317.50- 376.50  _  _  _  -  -  1 1  2 2  14 14  17 15  49 49  61 61  58 58  37 37  16 15  12 4  5 4  1 1  _  -  6 6  7 7  7 7  19 19  300.50 292.00  289.00 257.50- 334.50 282.00 255.00- 311.50  _  _  13 13  14 14  50 43  45 39  47 42  25 24  22 16  9 7  27 8  14 7  1 -  4 4  4 4  5 5  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  40.0 40.0  228.50 228.00  224.50 224.00  187.00- 252.00 187.00- 252.50  9 9  26 26  20 20  25 25  33 31  28 27  12 12  4 4  _  5 5  7 7  1 1  4 4  _  _  _  _  _  .  _  .  -  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  55 55  40.0 40.0  200.50 200.50  201.50 201.50  186.50- 212.00 186.50- 212.00  3 3  9 9  13 13  22 22  4 4  3 3  _  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  "  -  -  -  407 407  40.0 40.0  311.00 311.00  316.00 270.50- 351.50 316.00 270.50- 351.50  12 12  6 6  1 1  25 25  14 14  50 50  40 40  75 75  53 53  58 58  43 43  20 20  6 6  _  _  1 1  _  -  2 2  _  -  1 1  1 314.00 307.00 271.50- 339.00 Registered industrial nurses............ 125 40.0 _ _ 311.00 303.50 264.50- 335.50 1 Manufacturing............................. 40.0 111 * Workers were distributed as follows: 25 at $540.00 to $560.00; 16 at $560.00 to $580.00; 6 at $580.00 to $600.00; 8 at $600.00 to $620.00; 4 at $620.00 to $640.00; 5 at $640.00 to $660.00; and 5 at $660.00 and over. See footnotes at end of tables.  13 13  3 3  22 20  10 10  23 22  23 17  13 10  3 3  1 -  9 9  1 -  1 1  _  _  -  1 1  _  -  1 1   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12 12  19  -  -  -  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Milwaukee, WIs., April 1980 Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men Messengers..............................................................  65  40.0  410 176 234  204.00  Office occupations women  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  1,772 1,191 581 135  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  260.00 262.50 255.50 310.00 .  123  40.0 39.5 39.5 40.0  287.00 320.50 353.50  Switchboard operator-  628 468 160 30  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  259.00 253.00 276.50 297.50  Order clerks:  442 232 210  39.5 40.0 39.5  224.50 229.50 219.00  219 123  39.5 40.0 39.5  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  579 410 169 137  Stenographers, senior........................................... Manufacturing........................... .......................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Stenographers, general........................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  _  Stenographers......................................... ........... .....  39.5 40 0 39.0  177.00 184.00 171.50  54  39.0  212.00  39.5  188.50  110  39.0  193.50  138  39.0  145.00  80  39.0  174.50  62  40.0  205.00 220.00  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  239 142 97 45  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  492.50 474.00 519.50 567.00  150 68 82  39.5 40.0 39.0  416.00 405.00 425.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class C............................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  141 60 8t  40.0 40.0 40.0  421.50 398.00 439.00  Computer programmers (business)......................... Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing............................................... Public utilities...................................................  352 201 151 58  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  347.50 355.00 338.00 367.00  116 77  39.5 40.0  388.00 407.50  159 64 95  39.5 40.0 39.0  344.50 350.00 340.50  Computer systems analysts  Computer systems analysts (business), class B............................................  Computer programmers Manufacturing......................................................  65  40.0  196.50  Accounting clerks..................................................... Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  1,099 575 524  39.5 40.0 39.0  218.50 228.00 207.50  231.50 220.00 241.00  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  512 277 235  39.5 39.5 39.0  245.50 255.00 235.00  Computer programmers (business), class C............................................ Manufacturing......................................................  77 60  39.5 40.0  293.00 292.00  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  230.50 228.50 235.00 242.00  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  587 298 289  39.5 40.0 39.0  194.50 203.50 185.00  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  284 168 116  40.0 40.0 39.5  285 50 290.50 278.50  39.5 40.0  315.50 319.00  239.50 235.50 255.00  230.50 239.00 216.00 265.50  103 66  40.0 40.0 40.0  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  Computer operators, class A............................... Manufacturing......................................................  373 299 74  208 133 75 26  Computer operators, class B............................... Manufacturing......................................................  214.50 209.50 219.50 . 224.50  212.00 218.00 206.00 249.50  279.00 278.00 279.50  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  40.0 40.0 39.5  206 111 95 85  990 483 507 78  155 88 67 690 631  40.0 40.0  309.00 306.00  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  231.50 231.00 232.00 280.00  Manufacturing......................................................  299 288  40.0 40.0  364.00 362.50  Drafters, class B................................................... Manufacturing......................................................  217 172  40.0 40.0  300.50 290.50  39.0 39.0 39.0  187.00 199.00 178.00  Drafters, class C...................................................  134 131  40.0 40.0  232.50 232.50  Electronics technicians............................................ Manufacturing......................................................  366 366  40.0 40.0  317.50 317.50  136 96  39.5 39.0  431.50 441.50  Payroll clerks............................................................. Manufacturing....................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  Nonmanufacturing................................................ Public utilities  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  133 84  39.0 38.5  218.00 212.00  Nonmanufacturing................................................  Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  562 304 258  39.5 40.0 39.5  197.00 209.50 182.50  Key entry operators, class B................................ Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................  442 194 248  290 194 96 44  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  217.50 223.00 206.00 207.00  272 110 162  39.5 40.0 39.0  175.50 186.00 168.50  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  Public utilities................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  218  548 289 259 40  Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  338.50  272 75 28 Secretaries, class C.............................................. Manufacturing...................................................... Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Number of workers  20  530 270 260 132  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  452.00 439.50 464.50 493.00  Computer programmers  Professional and technical occupations - women Computer systems analysts Nonmanufacturing...............................................  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments In Milwaukee, Wia., April 1980 —Continued Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business), class B............................................  Computer programmers (business), class A.............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  60  39 0  422.50  189 65 124  39 0 40.0 38.5  331.00 327 50  54  39.0  360.00  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  Computer programmers (business), class B.... Nonmanufacturing.......  Number of workers  87 70  Computer operators......... Nonmanufacturing.......  168 81  21  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  39.0 38.5  331.50 335.00  40.0 39.5  267.50 294.50  Average (mean*) Sex,* occupation, and industry division  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)  Computer operators, class B................................ Nonmanufacturing..............................................  100 60  40.0 39.5  286.00 308.00  Peripheral equipment operators...............................  60  39.5  255.50  Registered industrial nurses.....................................  122 108  40.0 40.0  314.50 311.50  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers-large establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)* Occupation and industry division  of workers  Mean3  Median*  Middle range*  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 6.00 Under and 6.00 under 6.20  6.20  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.00  7.20  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20 10.60  6.40  6.60  6.80  7.00  7.20  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60 11.00  11.00 11.40 11.80 12.20 12.60 13.00 and 11.40 11.80 12.20 12.60 13.00 over  Maintenance carpenters.................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  178 106 72 46  10.04 10.04 10.05 9.34  10.15 10.32 9.94 9.34  9.26-10.96 9.27-10.96 8.69-11.11 8.69-10.23  _ -  _ -  _ “  _ -  4 4 "  _ ~  -  "  ”  2 2 “  3 3 “  34 11 23 22  18 17 1 1  24 13 11 9  4 1 3 1  18 5 13 13  33 31 2 ~  10 8 2  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  1,076 825 251  10.68 10.79 10.32  10.98 9.78-11.51 10.98 10.02-11.53 10.33 9.55-11.06  _  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _  13 13 •  34 34 “  13 13 -  33 30 3  49 33 16  129 56 73  64 47 17  119 59 60  157 152 5  Maintenance painters...................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  104 54 50  10.11 10.26 9.95  10.55 9.45-10.95 10.55 9.25-10.70 9.55 9.49-10.95  _ -  _ -  2 2  _ _  “  -  _  “  “  1 1 ~  3 1 2  12 10 2  8 3 5  15 T5  3 2 1  12 12 ■  Maintenance machinists.................. Manufacturing.............................  557 543  11.27 11.29  12.15 10.60-12.15 12.15 10.81-12.15  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  “  -  -  -  2 1  6 6  16 16  14 14  7 7  27 27  46 44  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................................... Manufacturing.............................  1.232 1,156  9.37 9.33  9.79 7.57-10.86 9.79 7.57-10.96  -  -  -  "  21 21  31 31  52 52  80 80  167 167  68 68  51 51  24 24  28 22  108 85  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............................ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  215 140 75 73  10.15 10.33 9.83 9.79  10.47 10.64 10.14 10.14  9.22-10.96 9.09-11.53 9.74-10.71 9.74-10.71  -  -  -  4 4 -  -  ”  4 4 “  ~  14 14 14  6 6 “  ”  14 14 “ "  15 12 3 3  Maintenance pipefitters................... Manufacturing.............................  324 315  10.86 10.90  10.93 10.80-11.32 10.96 10.81-11.32  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _  _ -  _ "  “  “  2 2  5 5  15 15  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing.............................  154 153  10.45 10.46  10.80 9.27-11.32 10.80 9.27-11.32  _ -  _ -  _ -  T  -  3 3  -  _  4 4  -  “  Millwrights....................................... Manufacturing.............................  243 238  10.71 10.70  11.07 9.73-11.32 11.07 9.67-11.32  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  _ -  -  -  -  “  6 6  Maintenance trades helpers............ Manufacturing.............................  108 94  8.41 8.81  9.59 6.83- 9.82 9.82 7.82- 9.82  * 11 4  4 4  6 -  2 2  4 4  4 4  “  1 1  2 2  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing............................  502 502  9.98 9.98  10.21 8.47-11.08 10.21 8.47-11.08  _ -  _ *  _ -  _ -  _ “  -  -  -  910 910  10.97 10.97  11.13 10.58-11.55 11.13 10.58-11.55  _  -  _ -  _ -  _  Manufacturing............................  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ -  154 140  9.85 9.92  10.22 9.26-10.22 10.22 9.27-10.24  _ _  _ _  _ _  _  _  _  _  _  -  _ -  _ -  -  1 1  5 5  -  13 13  5 9.56 8.21-10.15 124 9.08 5 9.92 8.21-10.19 115 9.12 * Workers were distributed as follows: 5 under $5.40; 2 at $5.60 to $5.80; and 4 at $5.80 to $6.00. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  .  22  l  11 11 -  17 17  '  -  "  182 122 60  124 118 6  21 21 ”  130 127 3  8 8  -  35 13 22  10 9 1  3 3 ■  _ ■  '  “ ■  -  20 13  64 60  42 42  25 25  269 269  -  19 19  -  111 98  52 19  333 332  41 41  65 65  ~  ~  -  -  21 9 12 12  25 11 14 14  6 6 ”  63 33 30 30  8 6 2 -  -  ■  ■  “ -  ~  35 35 ■  11 11  27 18  5 5  2 2  120 120  79 79  4 4  54 54  *  -  ■  1 1  40 40  9 8  2 2  -  39 39  29 29  '  27 27  '  ■  ■  6 6  19 19  15 15  23 23  1 1  —  27 27  114 109  2 2  '  30 30  ‘  '  11 11  4 3  1 1  3 3  2 2  53 53  ”  —  '  '  '  -  -  -  ~  16 16  136 136  29 29  15 15  24 24  31 31  7 7  6 6  189 189  44 44  5 5  '  -  -  1 1  4 4  _ -  29 29  31 31  70 70  58 58  35 35  124 124  262 262  202 202  33 33  27 27  14 14  20 20  _ -  2 2  17 10  12 12  12 12  15 10  6 5  63 62  18 18  9 9  -  -  -  -  -  5 3  .  18 14  5 5  6 6  5 5  32 29  15 15  14 14  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  _  “  -  -  "  ~  ~  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers-iarge establishments in Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Mean3  Median3  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range3  3.10 and under 3.20  3.20  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  3.40  3.80  4.20  4.60  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20 10.60 11.00  Truckdrivers..................................... Manufacturing.............................  661 324  9.80 8.91  10.30 9.12-10.87 9.47 7.95-10.05  _  _  _  -  -  1 -  1 "  1 -  6 6  _  -  -  15 15  4 4  8 6  16 16  37 25  32 29  Truckdrivers, medium truck: Manufacturing.............................  93  9.24  10.05 8.74-10.05  -  "  -  -  -  -  -  "  3  "  -  4  14  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........... Manufacturing.............................  257 152  10.01 9.34  10.30 9.52-10.97 9.92 8.43-10.10  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  4 4  4 4  4 4  2 2  Shippers........................................... Manufacturing.............................  182 131  7.61 7.96  7.50 6.15- 9.31 8.74 6.15- 9.41  _  _  _  -  6 -  -  -  3 -  22 21  2 -  5 3  12 12  4 4  1 -  6 5  Receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing......................  177 111 66  7.45 8.05 6.43  7.28 6.18- 9.34 8.02 6.95- 9.41 7.24 4.84- 7.24  _  12  _  2  1  4  2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  12  -  2  1  4  2  4 2 2  22 22 -  1 1 -  7 6 1  Shippers and receivers.................... Manufacturing.............................  174 122  7.50 7.24  7.95 6.90- 8.21 6.90 6.90- 7.95  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  7 7  _  -  7 7  -  7 7  10 8  Warehousemen............................... Manufacturing.............................  508 429  7.78 7.77  7.85 7.33- 7.85 7.85 7.33- 7.85  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  2 -  3 -  11 -  4 "  1 -  Order fillers...................................... Manufacturing.............................  311 180  7.05 7.69  7.58 5.77- 7.96 7.63 7.53- 7.74  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  3 -  8 -  9 -  _  -  59 -  Shipping packers.............................. Manufacturing.............................  583 485  7.20 7.45  7.74 5.87- 8.59 7.74 7.02- 8.59  7 -  3 -  1 -  1 -  65 65  26 13  _  36 6  Material handling laborers............... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  1,230 996 234  7.37 7.78 5.63  8.02 6.69- 8.07 8.02 7.44- 8.08 5.22 3.85- 6.59  _  14  35  24  8  -  -  -  14  35  24  8  49 28 21  30  -  -  30  Forklift operators............................. Manufacturing............................  1,624 1,471  8.61 8.68  8.78 7.33- 9.79 8.96 7.66- 9.79  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  Guards.............................................. Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  390 289 101  7.34 7.30 7.45  7.39 6.05- 8.68 7.39 6.12- 8.68 7.48 5.39- 9.42  _  _  _  "  -  -  6 6  4 3 1  Guards, class A............................  118  7.70  7.40 6.45- 9.37  -  -  -  -  Guards, class B............................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing......................  272 208 64  7.18 7.47 6.22  7.39 5.89- 8.68 7.39 6.88- 8.71 5.72 5.00- 7.24  _  _  _  6  -  -  -  -  -  -  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........ Manufacturing............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  1,157 864 293 99  6.79 7.44 4.88 5.93  6.93 7.98 4.59 5.33  29  17 17 -  48 3 45 -   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5.336.563.604.61-  8.02 8.13 5.33 5.62  -  -  -  29 -  25 25  16 15  13 13  2  -  3  7 7  18 18  9 9  34 2  4 4  4 4  37 6 31  17 16 1  9 9 -  36 36  1 1  4 1  1 -  19 19  107 107  35 28  9 9  22 8  13 -  3 1 2  56 30 26  -  9 8  60 58  4 3 1  38 20 18  -  -  6  4 3 1  37 7 30 -  33 7 26 5  -  10.20  10.60 11.00 11.40 11.40 11.80  37 35  97 97  38 38  314 -  -  -  6  9  52  -  -  -  -  7 7  20 20  39 39  38 38  105 -  -  -  18 18  18 18  27 24  13 13  1 1  1 1  1 1  -  4 1 3  7 7 -  9 9 -  28 22 6  8 7 1  2 2 -  _  _  -  1 1 -  31 31  61 14  3 3  1 1  6 6  .  -  -  -  -  -  89 84  170 164  3 -  67 46  8 3  15 -  8 6  -  -  -  -  5 5  98 98  11 11  9 9  9 8  -  44 -  10 10  -  -  1 1  1 1  14 14  88 88  61 61  30 30  84 84  87 87  17 17  21 5  2 2  3 3  -  -  2 2  30 1 29  105 104 1  80 80 -  32 32 -  539 539 -  126 109 17  22 22 -  20 20 -  38 11 27  8 8 -  11 11 -  _  _  _  -  -  -  78 68  18 17  71 71  194 111  60 60  40 40  38 38  274 272  98 98  330 276  354 354  -  -  -  -  14 6 8  49 42 7  14 13 1  5 2 3  72 67 5  55 47 8  2  64 63 1  25 19 6  8  20  5  _  _  _  _  _  2  5 4 1  8  20  5  _  -  -  -  -  -  28  7  2  1  44  -  5  -  6  -  20  5  -  -  -  4 3 1  38 20 18  14 6 8  21 14 7  7 6 1  3  11 8 3  2  .  _  _  _  _  8  _  _  -  19 19 -  _  2  64 63 1  8  3  71 66 5  -  -  -  -  -  39 4 35 26  89 27 62 43  59 59  62 59 3 2  56 53 3 -  116 114 2 -  62 53 9 -  28 20 8 8  249 245 4 4  86 85 1 1  48 47 1 1  53 44 9 -  19 19  18 18 _  . _ _  9  _  -  -  -  -  23  -  -  _  _  _  _  9 9  -  _ _  _ _  -  •-  Table A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers by sex-large establishments In Milwaukee, Wis., April 1980 Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing............................................................  177 106 71 46  Number of workers  496 496  10.00 10.00  909  10.97  149 136  9.88 9.96  1,052 802 103 54  10.10 10.26  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  510 496  11.36 11.40  Truckdrivers............................................................................ Manufacturing...................................................................  624 308  9.82 8.94  Truckdrivers, medium truck:  Manufacturing...................................................................  Manufacturing...................................................................  144  9.39  129 84  7.82 8.38  146 94 52  7.39 8.02 6.23  10.46  358  7.81  225 220  10.82 10.82  181 142  8.25 7.94  105 92  8.46 8.83  373 353  8.01 8.04  213 138 75 73  10.16 10.35 9.83 9.79  300 291  10.92 10.96  153  Receivers................................................................................ Nonmanufacturing............................................................  Manufacturing...................................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Guards.................................................................................... Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  Guards, class B.................................................................  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................................. Manufacturing.................................................................. Nonmanufacturing...........................................................  9.37 Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)..................................................................  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Nonmanufacturing............................................................  10.03 10.04 10.02 9.34 Manufacturing...................................................................  Manufacturing..................................................................  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  24  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  1,080 886 194  7.50 7.93 5.55  1,389  8.71  361 274 87  7.41 7.31 7.76  117  7.68  244  7.29  51  6.50  713 567 146  7.10 7.62 5.09  203 125  5.68 5.77  110  6.60  Material movement and custodial occupations - women  ...... ... . Manufacturing.................................................................. Forklift operators...................................................................  80  8.17  Janitors, porters, and cleaners............................................. Manufacturing..................................................................  403 258 145 75  6.24 7.13 4.66 5.14  Public utilities...............................................................  Footnotes 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. 5 Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 8 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  25  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas1 currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit. Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B. Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Aseries tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men’s and women’s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, senior Stenographers, general Typists, classes A and B File clerks, classes A, B, and C Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, classes A and B Accounting clerks, classes A and B Payroll clerks Key entry operators, classes A and B  Industrial nurses Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers Unskilled plant  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1- Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4- The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see ‘Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,’ Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Average pay relationships within establishments  Tables A-8 through A-11 present occupational pay relatives derived from compari­ sons of job averages within individual establishments. The method of computation is as follows:  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C Computer operators, classes A, B, C  1. A pay relative for any two occupations is computed for each establishment in which they are found by dividing the average earnings for one occupation by the average for the other and multiplying by 100 (e.g., $5 divided by $4 = 1.25 times 100 = 125).  2- Each pay relative is weighted by the number of workers in the two occupations compared and by the weight assigned to the establishment to represent establish­ ments not included in the survey sample.  addition, the mix of establishments used in the comparisons may differ between the two methods. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area.  3. The weighted pay relatives for all establishments reporting the two occupations are summed and divided by the total of the weights to produce the average pay relatives shown in the tables. Occupational pay relationships measured in this manner yield considerably different results than those produced by using overall survey averages, such as those shown in tables A-l through A-6. The former measure the average pay relationships found within establishments; the latter measure the relationships among job averages in an area. In  1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonNewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U.S. Department of Labor.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Milwaukee, Wis.,1 April 1980  Industry division2  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of study  Number of establishments Within scope of study3  Workers in establishments Within scope of study4  Studied  Studied  Number  Percent  All establishments All divisions.....................................................................................................................  -  1,139  173  315,407  100  162,226  Manufacturing........................................................................................................................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5........................................................................................................ Wholesale trade*................................................................................................................ Retail trade*............................=........................................................................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate*................................................................................. Services*7.................................................. .......................................................... .............  50 -  512 627  77 96  188,458 126,949  60 40  104,362 57,864  50 50 50 50 50  63 107 228 103 126  21 10 24 13 28  23,168 12,193 49,904 21,010 20,674  7 4 16 7 7  17,623 2,205 22,413 9,844 5,779  -  130  71  182,835  100  144,471  82 48  44 27  121,490 61,345  66 34  97,071 47,400  Large establishments All divisions.....................................................................................................................  Manufacturing........................................................................................................................ 500 Nonmanufacturing.................................................................................................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5........................................................................................................ 500 Wholesale trade*................................................................................................................ 500 Retail trade*........................................................................................................................ 500 Finance, insurance, and real estate*................................................................................. 500 Services*7........................................................................................................................... 500 ■The Milwaukee Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Washington, and Waukesha Counties. The ‘workers within scope of study’ estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual'Has used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  6 2 17 9 14  6 15,173 8 15,173 2 1,259 1 1,259 11 26,006 14 20,570 5 11,443 6 8,841 3 7,464 4 1,557 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. 5 Abbreviated to ‘public utilities’ in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and services incidental to water transportation are excluded. The local transit system is owned by Milwaukee County and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study. a Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the 'all industries’ and ‘nonmanufacturing’ estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  28  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is to assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s field representatives are instructed to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job descriptions, are excluded.  d.  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant:  e.  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled ‘Level of Supervisor,’ e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by Level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched at one of five levels according to (a) the the level of the secretary’s supervisor  Office  within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s  SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and an understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled ‘secretary’ possess the above characteristics. Examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows: a-  Positions which do not meet the ‘personal’ secretary concept described above;  b.  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  c.  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional, technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  /  responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary's Supervisor (LS)  LS-1  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  LS-2  a.  b.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility. LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following:  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  a. b. c. d. e. LR-2  Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b.  LS-4 a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  NOTE: The term ‘corporate officer’ used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policymaking role with regard to major company activities. The title ‘vice president,’ though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be ‘corporate officers’ for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­ cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  c. d. e.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  1  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination: LS-1. LS-2. LS-3. LS-4.  LR-1 Class E Class D Class C Class B  LR-2 Class D Class C Class B Class A  STENOGRAPHER  FILE CLERK  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-Machine Typist).  Files, classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.  NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition.  Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks.  Stenographer, Senior. Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain files, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedures and of the specific business operations, organization, policies, procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc.  Class B. Sorts, codes, and files unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings or partly classified material by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and cross-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files. Class C. Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification system (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards material; and may fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. MESSENGER  Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST  Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little special training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. Class A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Performs various routine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation of a motor vehicle as a significant duty. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide information to callers, record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major portion of the worker’s time, and is usually performed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or lead operators in establishments employing more than one operator are excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard Operator-Receptionist. SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator—see Switchboard Operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appropriate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. ORDER CLERK  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or salespeople. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and  suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions: Class A. Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer’s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATOR  Operates a bookkeeping machine (with or without a typewriter keyboard) to keep a record of business transactions. Class A. Keeps a set of records requiring a knowledge of and experience in basic bookkeeping principles, and familiarity with the structure of the particular accounting system used. Determines proper records and distribution of debit and credit items to be used in each phase of the work. May prepare consolidated reports, balance sheets, and other records by hand. Class B. Keeps a record of one or more phases or sections of a set of records usually requiring little knowledge of basic bookkeeping. Phases or sections include accounts payable, payroll, customers’ accounts (not including a simple type of billing described under machine biller), cost distribution, expense distribution, inventory control, etc. May check or assist in preparation of trial balances and prepare control sheets for the accounting department. MACHINE BILLER  Class B. Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. ACCOUNTING CLERK  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Prepares statements, bills, and invoices on a machine other than an ordinary or electromatic typewriter. May also keep records as to billings or shipping charges or perform other clerical work incidental to billing operations. For wage study purposes, machine billers are classified by type of machine, as follows: Billing-machine biller. Uses a special billing machine (combination typing and adding machine) to prepare bills and invoices from customers’ purchase orders, internally prepared orders, shipping memoranda, etc. Usually involves application of predeter­ mined discounts and shipping charges and entry of necessary extensions, which may or may not be computed on the billing machine, and totals which are automatically accumulated by machine. The operation usually involves a large number of carbon copies of the bill being prepared and is often done on a fanfold machine. Bookkeeping-machine biller. Uses a bookkeeping machine (with or without a type­ writer keyboard) to prepare customers’ bills as part of the accounts receivable operation. Generally involves the simultaneous entry of figures on customers’ ledger record. The machine automatically accumulates figures on a number of vertical columns and computes and usually prints automatically the debit or credit balances. Does not involve a knowledge of bookkeeping. Works from uniform and standard types of sales and credit slips. PAYROLL CLERK  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for  computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied. OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. '  Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B. NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge. Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:  COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects programs; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows:  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate follow-up actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the problem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. 33  At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist.  Class A. In addition to work assignments described for a class B operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one of the following: • • • •  Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations. OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. Class B. In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error condi­ tions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  Class C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures.  Class C. Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-thejob training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: • • • • • • •  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator:  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  • • 34  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks.  • * • *  Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollates, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes. DRAFTER  Class A. Plans the graphic presentation of complex items having distinctive design features that differ significantly from established drafting precedents. Works in close support with the design originator, and may recommend minor design changes. Analyzes the effect of each change on the details of form, function, and positional relationships of components and parts. Works with a minimum of supervisory assistance. Completed work is reviewed by design originator for consistency with prior engineering determinations. May either prepare drawings or direct their preparation by lower level drafters.  assignments. Instructions are less complete when assignments recur. Work may be spotchecked during progress. DRAFTER-TRACER  Copies plans and drawings prepared by others by placing tracing cloth or paper over drawings and tracing with pen or pencil. (Does not include tracing limited to plans primarily consisting of straight lines and a large scale not requiring close delineation 1 AND/OR Prepares simple or repetitive drawings of easily visualized items. Work is closely supervised during progress. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applica­ tion of technical knowledge of electronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment—consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment. This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Class B. Performs nonroutine and complex drafting assignments that require the application of most of the standardized drawing techniques regularly used. Duties typically involve such work as: Prepares working drawings of subassemblies with irregular shapes, multiple functions, and precise positional relationships between components; prepares architectural drawings for construction of a building including detail drawings of foundations, wall sections, floor plans, and roof. Uses accepted formulas and manuals in making necessary computations to determine quantities of materials to be used, load capacities, strengths, stresses, etc. Receives initial instruc­ tions, requirements, and advice from supervisor. Completed work is checked for technical adequacy.  Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems (i.e., those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understan­ ding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perfor­ ming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­ ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex test instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  Class C. Prepares detail drawings of single units or parts for engineering, construction, manufacturing, or repair purposes. Types of drawings prepared include isometric projections (depicting three dimensions in accurate scale) and sectional views to clarify positioning of components and convey needed information. Consolidates details from a number of sources and adjusts or transposes scale as required. Suggested methods of approach, applicable precedents, and advice on source materials are given with initial  Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e., those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves: A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instruments, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians.  equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety Of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved.  MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  A registered nurse who gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing: Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.  MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or  36  fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops.  MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directd by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis.  MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded.  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops.  MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.  TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete tasks; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).  MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  37  STATIONARY ENGINEER  Operates and maintains and may also supervise the operation of stationary engines and equipment (mechanical or electrical) to supply the establishment in which employed with power, heat, refrigeration, or air conditioning. Work involves: Opera­ ting and maintaining equipment such as steam engines, air compressors, generators, motors, turbines, ventilating and refrigerating equipment, steam boilers and boiler-fed water pumps; making equipment repairs; and keeping a record of operation of machinery, temperature, and fuel consumption. May also supervise these operations. Head or chiefengineers in establishments employing more than one engineer are excluded. BOILER TENDER  Fires stationary boilers to furnish the establishment in which employed with heat, power, or steam. Feeds fuels to fire by hand or operates a mechanical stoker, gas, or oil burner; and checks water and safety valves. May clean, oil, or assist in repairing boilerroom equipment.  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows: Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received. Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows: Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment’s storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator). ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties. SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded. MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following: Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper'storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.  POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift) GUARD  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows: Class A. Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. Class B. Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons. JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.  Service Contract Act Surveys The following areas are surveyed per­ iodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in releases which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C. Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Guam, Territory of Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Pine Bluff, Ark. Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash.  Springfield, 111. Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of per­ sonnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, en­ gineering technicians, drafters, and cler­ ical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2045, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1979, $3.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1970 through 1977, is available on request.  Area Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 .................................................................................... Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1979................................................ . Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1979..................................... Atlanta, Ga., May 1979 .................................................................................... Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1979 .............................................................................. Billings, Mont., July 1979 ................................................................................ Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978 ............. ............................................................ Boston, Mass., Aug. 1979 ................................................................................ Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1979 .................................................................................. Canton, Ohio, May 1978 .................................................................................. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1979 ............................................................. Chicago, 111., May 1979 .................................................................................... Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1979' ...................................................... Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1979.............................................................................. Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1979.............................................................................. Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1979'....................................................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1979 ............................................................... Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1980'............................. Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1979 .................................................................................. Daytona Beach, Fla., Aug. 1979' ..................................................................... Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1979 ................................................................. Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1980 ................................................................................ Fresno, Calif., June 1979 .................................................................................. Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1979.............................................................................. Gary—Flammond—East Chicago, Ind.,Oct. 1979'.......................................... Green Bay, Wis., July 1979 .............................................................................. Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1979 .......... ............ Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1979'...................................................... Hartford, Conn., Mar. 1979 ............................................................................. Houston, Tex., Apr. 1979 ................................................................................ Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1979 ............................................................................... Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979............................................................................. Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1980 ................................................................................. Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1979' ................................ ......................................... Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 1979'............................................................. Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1979 .................................................. Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1979 .....................................................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Bulletin number and price* 2025-63 2050-46 2050-48 2050-20 2050-42 2050-43 2025-15 2050-50 2050-65 2025-22 2050-39 2050-21 2050-28 2050-47 2050-61 2050-33 2050-67 3000- 5 2050-64 2050-41 2050-72 3000- 7 2050-25 2050-45 2050-60 2050-31 2050-49 2050-29 2050-12 2050-15 2050- 3 2050-54 3000- 2 2050-69 2050-58 2050-59 2050-66  $1.00 $1.50 $1.50 $1.30 $1.75 $1.50 $0.80 $1.75 $2.25 $0.70 $1.50 $1.75 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.50 $2.25 $2.25 $1.50 $1.50 $2.25 $1.50 $1.50 $1.75 $1.10 $1.30 $1.00 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.00  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss., Nov. 1979*................................................... 2050-56 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1979 ................................................... ................................. 2050-55 Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1980 ............................................................................ 3000-10 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1980 ........................................... 3000- 1 Nassau-Suffolk.N.Y., June 1979.................................................................. 2050-36 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1980'.................................................................... ............. 3000- 8 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979 ............................................................................ 2050-53 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1979 .................................................................. 2050-30 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979’................... 2050-22 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978 ................................................................. 2025-21 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 19791................................................................ 2050-32 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1979 .................................................................. 2050-37 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1979 .................................................................... 2050-51 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979................................................. 2050-26 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 19791.............................................................. 2050-57 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1980 ................................................................................ 3000- 3 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1979 .............................................................................. 2050-63 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1979 ................................................................. 2050-27 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979 ........................................................................ 2050-34 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1979 ................................ 2050-35 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.l.—Mass., June 1979'....................... 2050-38 Richmond, Va., June 1979............................................. 2050-24 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1979'...................................................................... 2050-13 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1979 .......................................................................... 2050-71 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979'.............................................................................. 2050-52 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1979 ....................................................... 2050-62 San Antonio, Tex., May 1979 .......................................................................... 2050-17 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1979........................................................................... 2050-70 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1980 ................................................... 3000- 9 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1980 .............................................................................. 3000- 6 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1979'.................................................................. 2050-68 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1979'........................................................................... 2050-44  $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $2.25 $1.75 $3.25 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $0,80 $1.75 $1.50 $1.50 $1.50 $3.00 $2.25 $1.75 $1.75 $1.50 $1.50 $1.75 $1.50 $1.50 $1.75 $1.75 $2.00 $1,00 $2.00 $2.25 $2.00 $2.25 $1.75  Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979 ............................................................. 2050-16  $1.10  Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1979 .................................................................................. 2050-40 Utica-Rome, N.Y., July 1978 ........................................................................ 2025-34  $1.50 $1.00  Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va., Mar. 1980 ............................................... 3000- 4 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1979 ............................................................................ 2050-18  $2.25 $1.00  Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1979............................................................................. 2050-23 York, Pa., Feb. 1979 .......................................................................................... 2050- 6  $1.50 $1.00  • Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. 1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor Third Class Mail  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  U.S.MAIL  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region il  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass. 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, NY. 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street, P O. 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