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l  a. 2> *. 3>ooc>-7  Area Wage Survey  Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area March 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Bulletin 3000-7   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Lapeer St. Clair  Macomb  Oakland Livingston  Detroit  Wayne ....  it Ail  ^ |,  c0#l-  JUL a  1980  Preface  This bulletin provides results of a March 1980 survey of occupational earnings in the Detroit, Michigan, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. The survey was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ annual area wage survey program. It was conducted by the Bureau’s regional office in Chicago, 111., under the general direction of Lois L. Orr, Assistant Regional Commis­ sioner for Operations. The survey could not have been accomplished without the cooperation of the many firms whose wage and salary data provided the basis for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express sincere appreciation for the cooperation received. Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be reproduced without permission of the Federal Government. Please credit the Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and number of this publication. Note:  Reports on occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions in the Detroit area are available for the auto dealer repair shops (June 1978), hospitals (May 1978), and nursing and personal care facilities (June 1978) industries. Occupational earnings and supplementary wage provisions for municipal government workers are available for the city of Detroit. Also available are listings of union wage rates for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau’s regional offices. (See back cover for addresses.)   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Area Wage Survey  Detroit, Michigan, Metropolitan Area March 1980  U.S. Department of Labor Ray Marshall, Secretary  Contents  Page  "v$im <£,  Page  Bureau of Labor Statistics Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner June 1980 Bulletin 3000-7  Introduction............................................................ ........... Tables: Earnings, all establishments: A- 1. Weekly earnings of office workers...................... A- 2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers........................................... A- 3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.............................................................. A- 4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................... A- 5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers........................................... A- 6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex........................ A- 7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups................... A- 8. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for office clerical occupations............. A- 9. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for professional and technical occupations..................................................... A-10. Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations ................................  For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C, 20402, GPO Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks payable to Superintendent of Documents. G.P.O   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  2  Tables—Continued A-11.  3 6 8 10 11 13 14 14 15 15  Average pay relationships within establish­ ments for material movement and custodial occupations...................................  Earnings, large establishments: A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers.................... A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers........................................... A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.............................................................. A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers................................. A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers ................................... A-17. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.............................................................. Appendixes: A. Scope and method of survey................................. B. Occupational descriptions.......................  16 17 19 21 23 24  25 27 31  Introduction  This area is 1 of 71 in which the U.S. Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and related benefits. (See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area, earnings data for selected occupations (A-series tables) are collected annually. Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage benefits (B-series tables) is obtained every third year. This report has no B-series tables. Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been completed, two summary bulletins are issued. The first brings together data for each metropoli­ tan area surveyed; the second presents national and regional estimates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all Standard Metropoli­ tan Statistical Areas in the United States, excluding Alaska and Hawaii. A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor markets, through the analysis of (1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation, and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level. The program develops information that may be used for many purposes, including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and assistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the U.S. Depart­ ment of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service Contract Act of 1965. A-series tables  Tables A-l through A-6 provide estimates of straight-time weekly or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of manufacturing and   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  nonmanufacturing industries. The occupations are defined in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey areas, tables A-12 through A-17 provide similar data for establishments employing 500 workers or more. Table A-7 provides indexes and percent changes in average hourly earnings for office clerical workers, electronic data processing workers, industrial nurses, skilled maintenance trades workers, and unskilled plant workers. Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing and nonmanufacturing separately. Data are not presented for skilled maintenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers employed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too small to warrant separate presentation. This table provides a measure of wage trends after elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts among establish­ ments as well as turnover of establishments included in survey samples. For further details, see appendix A. Tables A-8 through A-11 provide measures of average pay relationships within establishments. These measures may differ considerably from the pay relationships of overall area averages published in tables A-l through A-6. See appendix A for details. Appendixes  Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area wage survey program and provides information on the scope of the survey. Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field representatives to classify workers by occupation.  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980  Occupation and industry division  Secretaries, class A ......................  Public utilities...........................  Number of workers  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2  39.5 40.0 38.5 39.0  337.00 380.00 292.00 330.50  339.00 389.00 278.50 325.50  264.00330.50230.00306.00-  405.50 426.50 353.00 365.00  611 360 251 66  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  389.00 433.50 325.00 371.50  370.00 457.00 311.00 378.00  301.00345.00265.00336.50-  481.50 512.50 370.00 390.00  1,992 1,128 864 181  39.0 40.0 38.0 38.5  381.50 417.50 334.00 351.50  396.00 441.00 334.00 347.50  312.00373.00275.00324.50-  456.00 462.50 396.00 363.50  3,840 2,301 1,539 52  39.5 40.0 38.5 40.0  341.50 377.00 287.50 316.00  364.50 391.00 259.00 310.50  270.00346.50223.50266.00-  412.50 425.00 369.50 335.50  462 404   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)'  9,108 4,631 4,477 762  2,126 767 1,359  Public utilities............................  Average weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0 39.0 39.0  296.00 315.50 285.50  303.50 312.00 282.50  100 and under 120  120  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  83  -  -  6  81  -  5  6  8  6  8  245.00- 333.00 291.00- 348.50 233.00- 325.50  — 275 86 256 85 19 1 2 -  345 19 326 12  542 68 474 44  649 115 534 6  554 130 424  541 114 427 19  521 167 354 67  677 388 289 121  665 357 308 194  608 432 176 88  671 357 314 58  704 420 284 79  691 496 195 31  813 658 155 8  356 302 54 20  321 265 56 6  4  -  21  36  23  59  34  23  45  42 28 14 8  31 11 20  73 48 25 6  18 2 16 11  28 10 18 17  19 5 14 11  18 13 5  38 30 8 4  68 57 11  86 85 1  -  42 41 1 -  -  -  49 16 33  88 28 60  155 37 118 6  95 14 81 16  94 48 46 8  108 46 62 32  120 35 85 69  117 68 49 17  163 46 117 7  150 105 45 1  142 109 33 3  184 151 33 18  276 231 45 2  195 189 6 -  -  327 33 294 6  176 43 133  133 43 90  167 82 85 4  164 94 70 14  214 167 47 8  288 251 37 1  385 233 152 2  401 324 77 5  410 343 67  643 534 109  3 3  -  -  129 109 20 2  -  8 6 2 2  -  129  204 49 155  187 42 145  171 31 140  175 56 119  350 213 137  288 114 174  107 78 29  148 54 94  104 40 64  110 43 67  7 2 5  1 1  1 1  4 4  -  -  -  -  82 82  44 42  60 46  50 48  20 20  10 6  10  20  -  -  -  2 2  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8  44  8  39  120  244 22 222  168 T4  87  52 50  106  230.00 220.50  214.00 211.00  189.00- 259.50 188.00- 247.00  305.00 301.50 321.50 354.00  257.00278.50219.00296.50-  354.00 330.00 356.00 362.00  21  168 58 110  74 25 49  72 22 50 13  162 109 53 15  258 200 58 25  209 170 39 19  144 107 37 17  405 86 319 62  145 33 112 62  89 45 44 10  10 8 2 -  -  42 26  54 32  43 34  37 27  92 28  176 39  190 36  137 34  336 258  106 82  75 33  10 2  -  -  -  -  -  38  62  28  38  57  114 36 78  31 16 15  35 12 23 13  70 45 25  82 63 19 5  19 16 3 2  7 4 3 2  69 8 61 60  39 9 30 30  14 3 11 10  -  -  -  -  -  -  15  78 78  39 35  74 74  17 17  15 15  5 5  ~ ~  15 3  4  6  -  -  4 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  19 666  359 10 349 13  101 32 149 19  108 14 94 41  184 47 137 103  96 31 65 47  94 66 28 20  57 53  57 44 13 3  267 20 247 46  41 31 10 2  24 23 1  7 7  9 9  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  51 51  33 29 12  88 76 42  53 36 34  65 24 16  40 4  55 13 3  263 245 44  34 9 2  14  7  9  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  32 98 13  10 65 29  35 61 61  43 14 29 13  29 25  17 17  2 2  7 6 1  10 9 1  -  -  -  -  -  4  *  -  -  4 2 2 2  -  -  -  -  1,906 884 1,022 232  38 0 40.0  297.50 301.00 294.00 330.50  1,298 631  38.5 37.5  315.50 321.50  322.50 354.00  287.00- 356.00 282.50- 358.00  608 217 391 141  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  258.00 273.00 250.00 332.50  257.50 279.00 216.00 355.50  202.00236.50186.00295.00-  272 249  39.0 39.0  208.50 198.50  200.00 192.50  176.00- 217.00 175.00- 213.00  295.00 288.50 349.50 360.00  2,843 410 2,433 356  39.0 40.0 38.5 39.5  212.00 292.50 198.50 247.50  182.50 293.00 175.00 246.50  160.00249.50157.00218.00-  922 693 169  38.5 38.0 39.5  279.00 264.00 283.50  287.00 255.50 268.00  206.00- 346.00 187.50- 346.00 249.00- 349.00  1,921 181 1,740 187  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  180.00 254.50 172.50 215.00  168.00 249.50 167.00 225.00  150.00208.50149.50172.50-  250.00 335.00 215.00 272.00  193.00 290.00 186.00 246.50  152  518 28  88 6 152 152 -  502 28  8 261 7  564 30  3  4  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  100 and under 120  120  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  1,469 76 1,393  39.0 40.0 39.0  164.00 300.00 157.00  149.00 317.50 148.00  137.00- 172.00 239.00- 373.50 135.00- 166.00  _  453  494  -  453  494  201 6 195  122 2 120  21 4 17  112 8 104  9 5 4  7 6 1  2 2 ~  7 6 1  7 6 1  4 4  2 “ 2  '  "  -  “  “  ~  28 27 1  -  Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing....................... File clerks, class B........................ Nonmanufacturing.......................  335 277  39.5 39.0  190.50 161.00  164.00 160.00  150.00- 185.00 146.00- 173.00  -  63 63  75 75  86 86  41 41  4 4  13 7  1  6  2  6  27  -  -  -  -  -  ~  ”  '  '  '  -  ”  7 1  4  “  File clerks, class C........................ Nonmanufacturing.......................  1,098 1,084  39.0 39.0  154.50 154.00  144.00 144.00  133.00- 162.00 133.00- 160.00  -  390 390  419 419  103 97  73 71  11 7  99 97  1 1  1 1  -  1 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  Messengers........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing.......................  442 105 337  39.0 40.0 38.5  195.50 249.00 178.50  170.00 214.50 169.00  154.00- 210.50 176.00- 340.00 148.00- 181.50  -  46  85 5 80  147 24 123  35 16 19  37 14 23  12 8 4  26 2 24  “  16 1 15  26 25 1  -  -  -  -  -  ■  6 5 1  -  _ 1  4 4  1  46  Switchboard operators......................  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  223.00 333.00 190.50 279.00  172.50 356.00 168.00 269.00  160.00287.50159.50209.50-  281.50 384.00 202.50 343.00  2  2  170  2  170  43 5 38  16 15 1 1  9 8 1 1  18 11 7 6  33 15 18 14  18 16 2  “  ~ “  -  ~  ~  ~  “ "  -  14 8 6 3  33 31 2  ~  16 5 11 3  30 19 11  "  24 5 19 6  -  2  139 4 135  48  Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities...........................  615 142 473 46  Switchboard operatorreceptionists.................................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing....................... Public utilities............... ,..........  1,021 321 700 35  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  198.50 205.50 195.50 270.00  185.00 187.50 183.00 235.00  170.00175.00170.00190.00-  220.00 234.00 208.00 392.00  "  4  108 8 100 7  279 91 188  233 96 137 7  140 23 117 '  99 48 51 7  90 14 76  33 27 6  10 4 6  3 3  3 3  “  8  “ “  -  ■ 2  “ “  “  4 1 3  8  -  5 3 2  2  4 “  _  “  40.0 40.0 39.5  270.00 276.50 268.00  270.50 257.50 282.00  201.00- 318.00 205.00- 332.50 197.00- 318.00  8  13  29  101  29  101  57 57  105 22 83  33 21 12  58 1 57  39 3 36  50 40 10  59 9 50  12 10 2  -  “  183 52 131  2  13  98 72 26  167  8  103 30 73  26  Nonmanufacturing.......................  1,144 318 826  Order clerks, class A..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  436 177 259  40.0 40.0 40.0  333.50 315.50 346.00  320.00 318.00 354.00  282.00- 385.00 260.00- 385.00 315.00- 374.00  _  _  -  -  -  37 37  51 51 “  30 21 9  31  38 2 36  49 39 10  55 5 50  10 8 2  -  -  96 13 83  31  -  *  36  -  ”  187.50- 281.00 201.00- 240.00  8  13  29  101  -  "  9 9  —  27 1  1 1  1 1  4 4  2 2  -  -  132 1  3  -  20 20  131  -  98 72  26  -  103 30  514 22 492 7  787 72 715 34  1079 241 838 7  1002 177 825 29  744 238 506 17  414 140 274 18  299 116 183 33  327 84 243 197  173 112 61 14  79 68 11 2  76 70 6 3  76 60 16 6  96 81 15 8  106 62 44 42  110 99 11 2  26 18 8 7  74 12 62 14  174 48 126 -  421 85 336 11  440 72 368 4  256 75 181 11  198 60 138 27  212 47 165 119  140 85 55 13  64 53 11 2  65 59 6 3  59 46 13 3  86 71 15 8  87 58 29 27  488 4 484  713 60 653  905 193 712  581 92 489  304 166 138  158 65 93  101 56 45  115 37 78  33 27 6  15 15  11 11  -  -  17 14 3  10 10 -  26 14 12  104 21 83  61 21 40  182 62 120 1  68 14 54 1  74 19 55 -  94 31 63 15  26 15 11 6  44 41 3 1  2 1 1 1  14 12 2 2  19 18 1 1  599 74 525 19  307 65 242 15  307 40 267 17  148 52 96 49  77 55 22 10  72 56 16 6  80 65 15 1  244 74 170 97  94 51 43 29  -  Manufacturing...............................  708 141  39.5 40.0  231.00 227.00  230.50 205.00  39.0 39.5 39.0 38.5  235.00 296.50 209.00 281.50  210.00 270.00 200.00 288.50  183.00212.00173.00249.50-  263.50 378.00 229.50 295.00  _  69  -  69  Public utilities............................  6,184 1,861 4,323 419 2,639 1,101 1,538 251  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  285.00 340.50 245.00 291.50  247.50 335.00 229.00 295.00  218.00247.50213.00265.50-  330.50 431.50 271.50 295.00  _  _  -  -  -  3,545 760 2,785  39.0 39.5 39.0  198.00 232.50 189.00  192.00 220.00 183.00  168.00- 211.00 191.50- 255.00 161.50- 203.50  _  69  -  69  824 342 482 58  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  257.50 294.00 232.00 347.50  232.00 264.50 216.50 392.50  200.00216.00192.00279.00-  284.00 364.00 252.00 400.00  5  4.198 863 3,335 326  39.5 40.C 39.C 39.5  229.00 312.50 208.00 295.50  206.00 329.50 191.00 319.50  170.00240.50164.00240.00-  263.50 392.50 228.00 344.00  249  Accounting clerks, class B...........  „ Public utilities...........................  -  5  ”  -  249  406 2 404 7  511 46 465 20  740 27 713 21  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  4  48 12  ~  26  ~  1  -  “ -  _  167  36  -  2 2  1 1  “  ' 1  -  -  -  -  51 48 3  43 37 6  138 133 5  1 1  108 97 11 2  47 44 3  43 37 6  1 1  -  -  138 133 5 “  19 4 15  2 2  “ -  “ -  ”  -  4 4 “  9 8 1 1  37 11 26 26  9 7 2 2  16 14 2 1  8 7 1  26 26  -  ~ “  _ “  233 177 5€  130 78 52 30  1 1  -  -  2  "  “  ~  ~ ~  ~ ~  Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Key entry operators, class A Manufacturing..................... . Nonmanufacturing............... Public utilities................... Key entry operators, class B. Manufacturing...................... Nonmanufacturing............... Public utilities...................  Number of workers  1,367 367 1,000 153 2,831 496 2,335 173  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  Weekly earnings (in dollars)’  Mean2  272.00 326.50 251.50 331.00 208.50 301.50 189.00 264.50  Median2  240.00 344.00 225.00 340.00 184.00 316.50 174.00 270.00  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Middle range2  209.00262.50202.50340.00160.00219.50154.50188.00-  100 and under 120  120  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  346.00 395.00 324.50 340.00 236.00 386.50 209.00 345.00  149 8  141  249 249  406 2 404 7  652 27 625 21  362 38 324 20  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  5  226 14 212 10 373 60 313 9  220 40 180 6 87 25 62 9  117 28 89 4  32 21 11  190 12 178 13  53 30 23 10  61 39 22  -  186 39 147 80  48 44 4 1  58 35 23 17  41 21 20 19  172 138 34 5  -  127 78 49 27  1 1  _  _  _  -  -  _  _  _  3 ___3  _  -  -  -  -  -  3  ___ ; ___ _  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980  Occupation and industry division  Computer systems analysts (business)............................ Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing...........  Number of workers  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of —  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Middle range2  Mean2  2,765 1,681 1,084  39.5 40.0 39.0  526.50  537.50  439.50- 611.00  544.00 500.00  559.50 494.50  465.00- 625.50 411.00- 593.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class A............ Manufacturing...................... Nonmanufacturing...............  824 351 473  39.0 40.0 38.5  571.00 603.50 546.50  576.50 635.00 542.00  491.00- 647.00 492.50- 692.00 487.00- 593.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class B............ Manufacturing...................... Nonmanufacturing............... Public utilities...................  1,248 882 366 142  40.0 40.0 39.5 38.5  531.00 540.00 509.00 460.00  561.00 578.00 475.50 454.00  432.00424.50432.50432.50-  Computer systems analysts (business), class C............ Manufacturing....................... Nonmanufacturing...............  693 448 245  39.5 40.0 38.5  466.00 504.50 395.50  482.00 513.00 366.50  374.00- 543.50 470.00- 561.00 336.00- 429.50  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  408.50 449.00 354.00 358.50  407.00 452.00 330.50 336.00  324.00396.50284.00312.00-  Computer programmers (business), class A..... Nonmanufacturing........  628 180  40.0 39.5  497.50 429.00  511.00 439.50  464.00- 550.00 321.50- 496.50  Computer programmers (business), class B..... Manufacturing............... Nonmanufacturing........  1,010 554 456  39.5 40.0 39.51  387.50 412.00 357.50  383.50 427.00 347.00  320.00- 449.50 349.50- 459.50 291.50- 404.00  Computer programmers (business), class C..... Manufacturing............... Nonmanufacturing........  556 258 298  39.5 40.0 39.5  346.50 396.00 303.00  363.50 403.00 281.00  268.00- 406.00 382.00- 418.50 244.00- 340.00  Computer operators.... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Public utilities.....  2,080 1,035 1,045 137  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  328.50 383.50 274.50 301.00  307.50 397.50 253.00 283.00  240.00307.00220.00254.50-  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 -  487.50 511.50 414.50 404.50  421.50 462.50 317.00 380.50  200  8 8  624.00 628.50 608.00 477.00  2,194 1,260 934 63  Computer programmers (business). Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing....................... Public utilities...........................  160 Under and 160 under 180  -  -  -  D 2 B 7  1  -  52 20 32  80 31 49  233 126 107  262 138 124  271 138 133  274 158 116  336 213 123  423 282 141  334 227 107  294 217 77  77 58 19  64 52 12  31 4 27  49 26 23  96 47 49  97 24 73  119 30 89  121 14 107  93 41 52  83 56 27  71 57 14  64 * 52 12  144 118 26 8  170 98 72 44  93 20 73 55  56 24 32 22  112 90 22 3  197 170 27 7  213 168 45 3  211 161 50  6 1 5  -  -  -  -  6 5 1  15 10 5  25 17 8  -  -  -  8 8  50 8 42  37 10 27  55 14 41  58 4 54  43 14 29  82 71 11  121 110 11  105 93 12  105 98 7  28 18 10  “  “  -  237 137 100 4  324 226 98 6  252 199 53 8  273 202 71 3  192 163 29  98 81 17  32 28 4  12 12  -  -  ~  -  -  -  140 38 102 17  125 57 68 9  27 27  11 10  15 10  7 7  40 21  76 21  153 37  154 13  87 15  31 4  -  -  -  15 15  12  -  61 20 41  83 14 69  74 34 40  97 51 46  93 43 50  123 56 67  168 112 56  149 125 24  96 70 26  34 18 16  10 8 2  1 1  -  -  -  1 1  -  -  “  “  ”  *  5 4 1  “  -  “  -  84 4 80  114 30 84  -  -  9  -  9  -  72 2 70  53 10 43  34 2 32  39 4 35  17 5 12  22 10 12  107 81 26  116 95 21  27 19 8  24 16 8  4 4  -  37 9 28  128 18 110 2  217 53 164 9  222 106 116 15  152 28 124 18  103 19 84 40  134 94 40 2  72 37 35 3  92 54 38 2  208 116 92 18  173 136 37 16  196 165 31 1  194 175 19 1  31 28 3  2 2  25  24  25 6  24 4  14 7 7 2  24 10 14 2  12 6 6 “  47 4 43 4  34 25 9 6  38 32 6 1  50 44 6 1  31 28 3  -  50 13 37 2  29 11 18  28 10 18  41 13 28 1  100 56 44 13  71 56 15  10C 9C 1C  87 80 7  91 76 16  2C 17  39 35 4  61 56  68 56 1C  56 4C 16  57 51  372 175 197 28  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  375.00 442.50 315.00 343.00  374.00 466.50 297.00 320.50  279.50405.50250.00278.50-  474.50 505.50 374.00 408.00  7  -  7  -  Computer operators, class B .. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. Public utilities.....................  1,039 470 569 59  39.5 39.5 39.0 40.0  315.00 372.50 267.50 305.00  278.00 395.50 245.50 268.50  232.00246.00215.50242.50-  400.00 457.50 299.50 388.50  2 2  79 4 75  158 38 120 8  134 81 53 13  111 24 87 12  32  Computer operators, class C.. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing.................  669 390 279  40.0 40.0 39.5  324.50 370.00 260.50  313.00 363.50 235.00  238.00- 407.50 307.00- 436.50 207.00- 288.50  1 2 9  4£ 14 36  57 13 44  36 12 26  16 4 12  4" 12 36  6  '  132 16 116 7  46 9 37  12 2 10  See footnotes at end of tables.  '  130 58 72 9  Computer operators, class A.. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................. Public utilities......................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  56 13 43  720 and over  26 i  _“  ' 4 4 -  “ "  1  -  1  '  -  -  J  ~  Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  T60 56 6,054 4,571 1,483 Drafters, class A.............................  2,846 2,360 486 1,232 994 238 1,084 850 234 462 289  188 Electronics technicians, class B...  121  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  39.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  40.0 40.0  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  464 Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities...........................  25  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)'  Mean2  281.00 320.00 424.50 463.50 304.50 532.50 547.00 460.00 403.00 425.00 312.50 327.00 352.00 235.00 278.00 307.00 421.00 438.50 393.50 418.00 422.50  39.0  380.00  Median2  287.00 274.00 440.00 466.50 272.00 542.00 557.50 466.00 404.50 425.00 290.00 340.00 362.50 230.00 286.00 330.00 432.50 447.00 384.50 430.00 436.00 382.00  Middle range2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 160 Under and 160 under 180  230.50- 295.00 254.00- 401.50  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  400  440  480  520  560  600  640  680  720  11  18  9  168  169 37 132  126 14 112  170 112 58  480.00- 596.00 496.50- 604.00 400.00- 520.00 350.00- 458.50 380.00- 464.50 270.00- 360.00 260.00- 387.50 306.50- 405.00 198.00- 273.50  79 14 65  220.00- 336.00 293.00- 344.50  DO  37  69 42 27  37 29  45 28  381.00- 479.50 399.00- 479.50 323.50- 432.50  -  -  -  -  -  _  _  !   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  56 1  -  -  9 8  3 1  8 8  4 4  3 3  -  -  _ _  _  151 51 100  188 83 105  159 111 48  231 199 32  317 252 65  451 377 74  613 532 81  696 603 93  638 546 92  495 426 69  619 549 70  626 626  2 2  -  -  “ “ -  13  “ “  ~  13  23 9 14  50 10 40  54 6 48  140 87 53  380 293 87  503 411 92  446 377 69  609 539 70  626 626  2 2  _  -  -  -  _ -  15  53  15  53  74 14 60  46 20 26  58 52 6  92 79 13  141 115 26  301 273 28  262 256 6  126 126  49 49  10 10  -  -  -  -  _ _  _ _ _  _ _ _  58 28 30  59  95 65 30  39 35 4  81 69 12  105 93 12  229 229  170 170  54 54  9 9  -  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  _ _  -  -  _  _  _ _ _  19 4  57 52  65 65  70 70  27 27  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  _  -  -  -  _  _ _  3 ~  12 4  17 14  6 -  49 32  30 28  83 83  23 23  4 4  _  _  -  -  _ -  -  -  3  12  17  -  47  14  14  14  _  _  .  2  19 17  33 29  7 7  20 15  56 46  111 93  116 113  90 87  -  -  -  _  _  _  ~  ■  -  -  4  8  9  108 28 80  17  35  39  “  -  .  4  See footnotes at end of tables.  7  720 and over  10 9  ~  381.50- 476.00 387.50- 477.50 357.00- 423.50  26  “  330.00- 539.00 380.00- 560.50 190.00- 400.00  —  -  _ _ _ _ _  _  _  _  _  _ _  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Detroit, Mich., March 1980  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  Office occupations men  Manufacturing.........................................................  65  40.0  183.50  588 123  40.0 40.0  314.50 320.00  320 89  40.0 40.0  346.50 345.00  337  40.0  415.50  I-  .  .  80  40.0  413.50  Office occupations women Manufacturing.......................................................... Secretaries, class A.................................................  8,335 4,624  39.5 40.0  340.00 380.00  577 360 217  39.5 40.0 39.0  389.00 433.50 315.50  1,823 1,126  39.5 40.0  386.00 417.50  Manufacturing.......................................................... Nonmanufacturing................................................... Public utilities.......................................................  3,692 2,296 1,396 50  39.5 40.0 38.5 40.0  344.50 377.00 290.00 308.50  ill  n  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  1,822 181 1,641 182  39.0 39.5 39.0 40.0  181.00 254.50 172.50 214.00  322 274  39.5 39.0  186.50 161.50  1,035 1,025  39.0 39.0  154.50 154.00  64  40.0  261.50  588 139 449 44  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  222.50 332.50 188.00 278.50  1,009 317 692 27  39.5 40 0 39.0 40.0  196.50 204.00 193.00 230.50  556 195 361  39.5 40.0 39.5  223 50 249.00 209.50  767  40.0  315.50  116 88  40.0 40.0  298.00 286.00  461 403  39.0 39.0  230.00 220.50  440 107 333  39.5 40.0 39.5  204.00 218.50 199.00  1,857 882 975 223  39.0 40.0 38.0 40.0  299.50 301.00 298.00 334.00  5,235 1 524 3,711  39.5 39.5 39.0  222.00 270.00 202.50  1,297 631  38.5 37.5  315.50 321.50  560 216 344 132  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  261.50 272.50 254.50 339.00  2,041 799 1,242  39.5 40.0 39.0  265.00 307.50 237.50  3,194 725 .2,469  39.0 39.5 39.0  194.50 229.00 184.50  742 279 463 53  39.5 40.0 39.0 38.5  852 3,194  39.5 40.0 39.5  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Key entry operators, class B.................................. Manufacturing......................................................... Nonmanufacturing..................................................  of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  1,315 361 954 153  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  272.50 326.00 252.50 331.00  2.731 491 2,240  39.5 40.0 39.0  208.00 301.00 187.50  2,045 1,476  40.0 40.0  544.50 551.00  311  40.0  616.00  1,031 798  40.0 40.0  547.00 546.00  Professional and technical occupations - men Computer systems analysts  Manufacturing.......................................................... Public utilities....................................................... Switchboard operatorreceptionists ..............................................................  Computer systems analysts (business), class A. Computer systems analysts (business), class B............................................... Manufacturing......................................................... Computer systems analysts (business), class C: 367  40.0  507.00  1,393 922  39.5 40.0  430.50 463.50  41  40.0  375.00  501  40.0  508.00  621 376  39.5 40.0  395.50 420.00  Nonmanufacturing: ,  Secretaries, class D:  A  ......  Accounting clerks, class B................................. .....  272 249  39.0 39.0  208.50 198.50  Nonmanufacturing...................................................  2,701  39.0  213.50  Manufacturing......................................................... Nonmanufacturing..................................................  Public utilities......................................................  2,292 310  38.5 40.0  248.50  Nonmanufacturing...................................... ...........  879 651  38.5 38.0  280.50 266.00  Nonmanufacturing..................................................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Messengers:  Manufacturing..........................................................  Stenographers, general.......................................... Manufacturing........................................................ Nonmanufacturing.................................................  of workers  157 00  Accounting clerks: _  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  Average (mean2)  8  Computer programmers Computer programmers  Computer programmers (business), class C: 154  40.0  406.00  1,296 713 583  39.5 40.0 39.5  350.50 404.50 285.00  316 145 171  39.5 40.0 39.0  381.00 459.00 315.00  552 294 258  39.5 40.0 39.0  347.50 401.50 286.00  241.00 259.00 230.00 340.50  428 274  40.0 40.0  332.00 378.00  63  40.0  361.00  229.00 311.50 207.00  5,780 4,440 1,340  40 0 40.0 40.0  431.00 466.00 315.50  Computer operators....................................................  Manufacturing......................................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................................. Computer operators, class B.................................. Manufacturing.........................................................  Manufacturing.... .................................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................................  Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Drafters, class A......................  Drafters, class B........................ Manufacturing........................................................ Nonmanufacturing ............................................. Drafters, class C........... Manufacturing.................................. Nonmanufacturing.............................. Drafters, class D........................ Electronics technicians................. Manufacturing............................  Registered industrial nurses: Manufacturing....................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  2,831 2,348  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard) 40.0 40.0  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1 532.50 547.50 460.50  Average (mean2) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Professional and technical occupations - women  40.0 40.0  405.50 424.50 317.50  1,019 796 223  40.0 40.0 40.0  325.00 350.00 236.00  404 246  40.0 40.0  273.50 301.50  230 186  40.0 40.0  421.00  121  40.0  393.50  62  40.0  431.50  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer operators.................. Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing....................  Computer systems analysts 1,190 976 214  Average (mean*)  Computer operators, class A..................  Manufacturing.............................  492.00 Computer operators, class B...........  Computer systems analysts (business), class B:  Nonmanufacturing.............  84  40.0  484.00  338  40.0  409.50  Computer operators, class C............. Manufacturing...................  Computer programmers (business):  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)  720 322 398  39.5 39.5 39.5  292.50 337.50 256.50  56  39.5  339.50  460 176 284  39.5 39.5 39.0  275.50 324.00 245.00  204 116  40.0 40.0  318.50 351.00  40.0 40.0  290.00 382.00  65 54  40.0 40.0  353.50 380.00  385 353  40.0 40.0  419.50 420.50  Drafters....................  Computer programmers (business), class B: Manufacturing............................ Computer programmers (business), class C: Manufacturing..................................  178  40.0  395.50  104  40.0  382.00  Drafters, class C................ Manufacturing...................... Registered industrial nurses......................  9  Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Maintenance carpenters................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................ Maintenance electricians.................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities...........................  of workers  743 623 120 37 4,053 3,927 126 34  Mean*  10.91 10.97 10.58 9.11 11.36 11.38 10.60 9.60  Median*  11.28 11.28 9.85 9.13 11.60 11.60 10.37 9.55  Middle range*  11.15-11.32 11.15-11.32 9.13-11.36 8.73- 9.13 11.53-11.60 11.53-11.60 9.61-11.60 9.21- 9.72  Maintenance painters........................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  640 560 80  10.95 11.00 10.59  11.28 11.09-11.28 11.28 11.25-11.28 11.28 9.65-11.52  Maintenance machinists................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing....................... Public utilities...........................  783 695 88 88  11.00 11.18 9.56 9.56  11.42 10.90-11.55 11.42 10.99-11.55 9.63 9.55- 9.79 9.63 9.55- 9.79  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)..................................... Manufacturing...............................  4,567 4,519  10.98 11.00  11.53 11.43-11.60 11.53 11.43-11.60  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles).............................. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................  2,504 1,399 1,105 713  10.75 11.04 10.39 10.72  11.32 11.33 10.85 11.04  10.78-11.36 11.32-11.36 9.66-11.09 10.48-11.09  -  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  13 13  8 1 7  32 32  34 34  _  _  -  -  _  6  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  4 3 1  -  3  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  28  -  1214 1204 10  2050 2013 37  116 114 2  -  -  51 47 4  -  -  -  -  _  "  41 41  9 9  16  -  -  -  440 411 29  16  “  “  83 83  387 387  62 62  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  67 67 “  -  -  '  '  54 50 4  178 173 5  2  -  -  60 37 23 23  115 112 3 2  58 29 29 7  -  30 30  _  33 33  15 15  "  -  83 81 2 2  -  -  6  -  -  43 18 25  12 12  32 14 18 18  25 25  47 18 29 29  33 15 18 18  _  -  35 12 23 23  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  104 104  230 205  91 91  155 155  23 17  116 109  1 1  12 10  87 87  37 37  2530 2526  1022 1018  131 131  _  -  28 28  _  -  '  '  8  15 10 5  10 10  15 15  8 8  66 9 57  -  -  -  75 12 63 40  81 1 80 80  407 37 370 351  1370 1174 196 69  _  -  126 23 103 80  26 26  18 18  19 19  -  159 37 122 22  18  _  66 39 27 27  26  _  35 5 30  -  60 60  19 15  31 31  10 10  34 34  227 227  2146 2126  133 133  <2 2  5  1  -  -  -  15 4  16 16  21 21  507 507  20 20  99 94  4023 3970  _  8 -  -  -  _  ~  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  16 16  11.33 11.32-11.36 11.33 11.32-11.36  ■  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  20 20  -  54 54  _  -  -  91 91  10 10  20 20  9.27- 9.71  -  -  -  -  14  -  -  -  -  4  8  61  107  298  4  85  -  2 2  4 4  94 94  _  -  80 80  Millwrights........................................... Manufacturing...............................  4,487 4,429  11.27 11.27  Maintenance trades helpers............  597  9.49  9.71  11.41 11.41-11.43 11.41 11.41-11.43  -  -  -  5,873 5,872  11.33 11.33  11.60 11.55-11.62 11.60 11.55-11.62  _  665 546 117  11.27 11.46 10.24  11.51 11.22-11.60 11.52 11.32-11.60 9.98 9.50-11.72  _  11.29 6.67-11.36  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  8  23  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  28  -  -  12.80 and over  ~  2  -  12.40  12.80  -  458 434 24  29 29  _  12.40  4 4 “  82 82 -  45 15 30 6  69 47 22 18  12.00  11.60  12.00  _ -  _  _  ~  _  _  3 -  13  -  11.32 11.32-11.33 11.32 11.32-11.33  _  -  8  -  -  127  10  -  6  -  -  -  -  ~  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  10 10  1567 1567  395 395  -  -  -  " 54 49 5  14 14  70 70  13 13  364 364  58 58  10 9  213 213  1167 1167  5 5  10 10  8 8  2 1 1  12 5 7  14  36  -  -  36  45 36 9  11 11  14  11 8 3  256 250 6  139 111 28  24  10  15  3  9  328  61  -  -  135 135  8  -  -  -  -  -  170 170  9 9  -  -  “  3820 3820  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  _  9 8 1  _  ~  _  11.20  10.80  10.40  11.60  11.20  10.80  -  11.15 11.21  9.33  -  4 4  10.00  9.60  9.20  10.40  10.00  9.60  -  609 586  654  -  -  _  9.20  8.80  8.80  8.40  8.00  7.60  7.20  8.40  8.00  7.60  -  Maintenance sheet-metal workers... Manufacturing...............................  Nonmanufacturing.......................  -  -  6.80  6.60  7.20  6.80  -  11.33 11.32-11.36 11.33 11.32-11.36  Stationary engineers.........................  -  6.40  6.20  6.00  6.60  6.40  6.20  -  11.19 11.20  11.29 11.29  6.00  5.80  -  2,702 2,674  2,152 2,152  5.60 and  Under 5.60  42 38  Maintenance pipefitters.................... Manufacturing...............................  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing..............................  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of —  “ -  “ 7 7  47 47 “ -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................  8,851 2,598 6,253 3,253  Mean2  9.39 9.22 9.46 10.70  Median2  10.31 9.31 10.50 10.87  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of — 3.00 and under 3.20  Middle range2  8.28-10.87 8.52- 10.53 7.66- 10.87 0.87- 10.87  3.20  3.40  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  3.40  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  9.20  9.60  10.00  10.40  10.80  11.20  3 _ 3 -  Truckdrivers, light truck................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  626 128 498  7.27 8.32 7.00  7.74 6.00- 9.44 8.36 8.30- 8.55 7.00 5.78- 9.44  3  Truckdrivers, medium truck.......... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  2,720 376 2,344  8.37 8.38 8.36  7.66 6.70- 10.87 8.69 7.13- 8.95 7.66 6.70-10.87  _  9.73 8.65- 10.89  3  -  -  53  61  42  53  61 1  42  46 9 37  -  -  -  37 9 28 1  175 28 147 4  674 146 528 3  9.32 9.84  9.73 9.64  9.64- 9.73 9.64- 9.73  _ -  _  _  Manufacturing...............................  596 245  -  -  872 436  8.49 7.57  9.64 8.61  7.37- 9.64 5.55- 9.56  _ _  _ -  _  Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing.......................  616 537 79  8.55 8.56 8.42  8.65 8.64 9.35  7.44- 9.55 7.35- 9.55 7.88- 9.56  -  -  -  8.14 8.28 8.02  8.23 6.88 8.23 7.62 8.82 6.70  9.48 9.39 9.55  _  -  -  _ -  1  Nonmanufacturing........................  2,192 1,021 1,171  1  8.54 8.73 8.51  9.47 6.65 9.37 7.27 9.48 6.65  9.64 9.41 9.64  _  _  _  4  -  -  -  -  Nonmanufacturing.......................  3,008 360 2,648  -  -  Shipping packers................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing.......................  858 489 369  8.31 8.50 8.06  9.34 9.37 9.34  7.93 7.99 5.00  9.49 9.49 9.41  _  -  _ -  Material handling laborers................ Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing...................... Public utilities..........................  3,805 2,449 1,356 476  9.05 9.17 8.83 10.68  9.47 9.38 9.56 10.77  9.34 9.56 9.34 9.56 9.37 -10.67 10.67 -10.77  _  9,285 7,589 1,696  9.37 9.26 9.89  9.55 9.48 - 9.61 9.55 9.48 - 9.55 9.55 9.51 -10.77  _  Manufacturing.............................. Nonmanufacturing.......................  793  9.55  9.5C  9.5C - 9.6<  -  5,857 2,50C 3,354 8£  7.00 9.42 5.1S 8.45  8.00 9.88 4.11 8.93  4.11 9.69 4.01 8.64 -  _ -  ~  “  ~  ~  26  _ -  1 -  -  -  -  48  11 11  28 28  1 1  7 7  69 69  21 21  4  4 4  9 9 "  . “  .  4  1  71  19  1  71  19  _  _  -  -  -  4  -  -  -  ■  4 4  1  22  79  1  22  79  -  -  _ -  _ ~  _ -  -  -  Public utilities...........................  “  “  10 8  26 26  20 19  -  -  -  ■  -  ~ 2  ~  31 31  61  -  _  26 24  30 29  17 5  26 17  14 4  1 1  77 54  16 7  56 51  472 107  -  9 9  4 4  43 43  10 7  184 143  100 100  11 11  2 2  “  '  90 83 7  -  12  45 41  “  88 84 4  12  ”  1 1 “  60  6  276 40 236  90 12 78  44 44  404 401 3  109 94 15  102 84 18  125 60 65  618 296 322  179  '  -  20  6  66 33 33  179  60  1 1  191  20  284  20  284  46 20 26  270 10 260  -  98 72 26  "  11 10 1  ”  -  671 55 616  278 278  ~  -  ~  1114 193 921  21  191  ”  108  ”  14 14 “  15 15  48 48  22 22  -  40 40  99 99  “  -  508  “  “  -  -  108  -  “  '  18  7  100  33  32  100  33  32  57 56 1  24 24  122 122  12 12  -  147 139 8  2162 1748 414  391 304 87  61  7  31 15 16  2  18  38 29 9  -  “  “  -  ~  _  _  _  138 138  _  132 132  160 160  143 142 1  66 53 13  284 234 50  5307 4611 696  1835 1713 122  251 99 152  54C  42  9^ 8£  209C 1966 122 1  -  -  -  ~  “  2  218 153 65  182 129 53  31  338  292  44  14C  1414  338  292  44  14C  1405  43 27 18  57 16 3£  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  ~  615  247 245 2  9 9  Power-truck operators  9.75 9.97 6.75 8.9C  -  4 4  5  “  14 14  “  _ -  430 163  -  1  2  9 9  -  2 2  *  51  134 32 102  _ -  “  -  4  581 56 525  615  53  60 14 46  Truckdrivers. tractor-trailer........... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing .................. Public utilities............................  -  "  2  37 37  61  57 35 22  51  26  35 9 26  90 90  1312 11 1301  30 30  4  14 14  1084 747 337  170 170  53  9 9  526 89 437 436  -  _ -  26  _  282 5 277  -  36  10.33- 10.87 8.40- 10.55 10.33- 10.87 10.33- 10.87  80 72 8 8  -  41  10.55 10.53 10.87 10.87  296  ■ 110  21 14 7  10.28 9.64 10.62 10.74  -  '  206  3  3,752 1,309 2,443 1,697  -  _  20 16 4  3  101  -  204  4 4  101  28  -  ■ 829  90 90  28  25  -  829  27  111 103 8  25  3  -  27  26  12 12  3  -  26  2  11  -  -  171 15 156  11  -  -  11 4 7  38  -  ■  32 32  38  -  -  65 63 2  36  8  -  92 31 61 61  738 243 495  651 35  8  -  2707 11 2696 2579  447 263 184 8  651  27  -  1168 747 421 57  208 158 50 28  87 46 41 12  "  629 89 540 436  550 527 23 23  155 46 109 2  27  9.82  -  27 2  _ -  816  _ -  27  54 1  41  Truckdrivers, heavy truck.............  -  54  11.20 and over  11  31 22 1C  49 13 36  120 23 97  87 87  128 9 3  68 41 25  10G 6S 4C  72 2€ 47  571 5C 521 21  82 46 36 36  “ 21  466  61  25 25  " 20  ~  ~  ~  56S 2i  544  -  -  Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  Middle range2  Mean2  Guards, class A....... Nonmanufacturing..  1,054 951  7.62 7.54  8.44 8.44  Guards, class B...... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  4,803 2,400 2,403  6.86 9.47 4.26  7.55 4.11- 9.88 9.88 9.75- 9.97 4.11 3.35- 4.11  12,368 5,085 7,283 364  6.41 8.59 4.89 7.23  5.52 4.49- 9.19 9.19 8.56- 9.23 4.98 3.75- 5.20 7.45 6.04- 8.64  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................ Public utilities....................  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 3.00 and under 3.20  3.20  3.40  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  3.40  3.60  4.00  4.40  4.80  5.20  5.60  6.00  6.40  6.80  7.20  7.60  8.00  8.40  8.80  6.68- 8.44 6.68- 8.44 338  292  44  140  338  292  44  140  1372 9 1363  977  450  190  653  507  977  450  190  653 2  507 6  1  31 31  10  11 11  23 23  87 87  86  10  26 18  20 9 11  26 13 13  33 23 10  1  8  33 27 6  544 45 499 2  2104 51 2053 3  795 48 747  349 161 188 63  332 194 138 73  232 92 140 3  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  12  8  86  1 184 124 60 12  9.60 9.60  24 24  30 30  503 503  3 3  11  42 41 1  79 69 10  68  50 18  79 46 33  2079 1968 111  344 281 63 22  142 107 35 34  387 281 106 77  2058 1895 163 28  102 84 18 17  11  1815 1659 156 6  10.40 10.80  172 63 109  10.80  11.20 and over  Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex, in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Average (mean*) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Boiler tenders................  Number of workers  642  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  10 92 10.95  37  9.11  8,466  Maintenance electricians.. Manufacturing.............. Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities...........  3,879 3,775  11.36 11.38  5,988 3,158  34  9.60  550 127 423  7.24 8.32  2,611 376 2,235  8.42 8.38 8.43  816  9.82  3,634 1,193 2,441 1,695  10.29  601 533 68  Maintenance machinists.. Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing...... Public utilities..........  672  Maintenance mechanics (machinery).................... Manufacturing.............  88 88 4,532 4,484  10.97 11.00 10.75 10.92  Nonmanufacturing......................  9.56  10.98 11.00  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............ Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing...... Public utilities..........  2,240 1,221 1,019 633  10.74 10.98 10.45 10.85  Maintenance pipefitters.. Manufacturing...........  2,553 2,525  11.20 11.21  603 580  11.16 11.22  Maintenance sheet-metal workers.. Manufacturing.............................. Millwrights............. Manufacturing..  3^855  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacturing...............................  2,148 2,148  Tool and die makers........... .............. Manufacturing............................... Stationary engineers.. Manufacturing......  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer........................ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.......................... Public utilities....................................  10.74  Shippers.................................. 721  8.82  511 476  8.39 8.47  2,102 1,000 1,102  8.10 8.26 7.97  Order fillers..........................  5,868 5,86/ 640 548  11.27 11.29 11.29 11.33 11.33 11.32 11.48  Nonmanufacturing...............................  257 2,033  8.58  469 374  8.80  3,415 2,258 1,157 476  9.19 9.19 9.18 10.68  Guards....................................... Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing.............................. Public utilities.............. Guards, class A..................... Nonmanufacturing......................... Guards, class B.................... Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing.................. Janitors, porters, and cleaners............... Manufacturing...................... Nonmanufacturing....................  Material handling laborers............ Manufacturing............................ Nonmanufacturing................................................................  13  5,078 2,215 2,863 68 955 858  2,118 2^005  7 08  7 56  4.31  7,987 3 635  Material movement and custodial occupations - women Ohi  .  75  9.91  Shippers and receivers............. Manufacturing............................  105 61  D 30  Order fillers.................... Nonmanufacturing..................................  615  Shipping packers......................... Manufacturing.......................... Nonmanufacturing.......................  115 274  Material handling laborers: Manufacturing.........................  191  Nonmanufacturing...................... Manufacturing...........................  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9.42 9.19 9.52 10.75  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4 9.40  Manufacturing........................... Nonmanufacturing...........................  637 541  Nonmanufacturing................................  Number of workers  9.31  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Maintenance carpenters.. Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..........  Maintenance painters.. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Nonmanufacturing...................... Janitors, porters, and cleaners...... Manufacturing....................................  416  7 60  4.15  396 3,910 1,255 2.655  5.82 8.29 4.66  Table A-7. Indexes of earnings and percent increases for selected occupational groups, Detroit, Mich., selected periods Manufacturing  All industries Period8  Indexes (March 1977 = 100): March 1979................................ March 1980................................ Percent increases: February 1972 to March 1973: 13-month increase............. Annual rate of increase....... March 1973 to March 1974 ..... March 1974 to March 1975 ... March 1975 to March 1976.... March 1976 to March 1977 . March 1977 to March 1978 March 1978 to March 1979.... March 1979 to March 1980....  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  Industrial nurses  Skilled mainte­ nance  Unskilled plant  Office clerical  Electronic data processing  115.3 127.1  118.0 130.2  119.5 134.0  118.3 131.4  118.9 132.7  115.4 128.9  118.8 131.2  119.1 134.0  118.2 131.3  120.0 135.5  115.2 125.9  117.6 129.5  c) c)  117.6 128.5  5.7 5.3 7.1 10.5 7.7 7.6 6.5 8.3 10.2  («) (•) (a) 9.5 7.0 7.0 6.8 10.5 10.3  5.7 5.3  5.3 4.9  6.5  8.8  8.6  13.0 7.9 8.5 8.1 10.5 12.1  10.4 7.2 9.3 8.3 9.2  9.3 11.4  4.7 4.3 7.1 12.3 7.4 7.9 5.9 9.0 11.7  (■) (•) (■) 9.7 6.7 7.8 7.4 10.6 10.4  5.5 5.1 8.8 13.0 7.9 8.7 7.8 10.5 12.5  5.2 4.8 8.7 10.5 7.1 9.4 8.3 9.1 11.1  6.1 5.6 10.6 12.4 8.3 8.8 8.5 10.6 12.9  6.6 6.1 7.0 8.9 8.0 7.4 7.0 7.7 9.3  0 c) <”) 9.7 7.5 6.3 6.1 10.8 10.1  6.5 6.0 o o n 0 11.0 10.9 0  7.5 6.9 5.6 9.1 9.0 7.4 7.2 9.7 9.3  6.0  8.6  8.2 7.9 10.2 11.6  11.1  Industrial nurses  Unskilled plant  See footnotes at end of tables.  Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for office clerical occupations, Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Office clerical occupation being compared  Secretaries  Occupation which equals 100  Secretaries, class A ................. Secretaries, class B.................. Secretaries, class C.................. Secretaries, class D.................. Secretaries, class E................. Stenographers, senior.............. Stenographers, general........... Transcnbing-machme typists... Typists, class A.......................... Typists, class B.......................... File clerks, class B................... File clerks, class C.................... Messengers................................ Switchboard operators............. Switchboard operatorreceptionists.......................... Order clerks, class A................ Order clerks, class B................ Accounting clerks, class A...... Accounting clerks, class B...... Payroll clerks............................. Key entry operators, class A.. Key entry operators, class> EB...  Class A  Class B  Class C  Class D  100 113 128 140 151 151 168 160 151 183 186 220 186 148  100 115 127 139 135 157 132 136 165 157 189 166 128  100 116 120 119 138 122 119 139 132 165 140 113  100 119 108 119 123 121 127 115 154 153 104  153 115 137 155 138 156  137 99 124 115 145 117 124 144  122 97 123 100 129 105 109 126  123 82 (6) 103 121 100 103 126  Tran­ Typists Stenographers scrib­ ing ma­ Class Class Gener­ Class chine Senior B A al E typists  Class B  Class C  Switch­ Key entry Accou nting Switch­ board Order slerks operators cler ks Mes­ board Payroll operasen­ opera­ tor Class Class Class Class Class Class gers tors -recep­ B A B A B A tionists  100 106 (*) 110 121 129 c) 147 (*> 117  100 119 107 104 128 120 147 131 95  100 c) 94 111 98 125 119 92  100 98 105 o 119 114 105  100 122 114 130 121 98  100 108 110 103 89  100 « 107 92  100 95 84  100 85  100  108 C) (•) 96 114 92 100 109  o o o 86 104 92 93 106  104 86 105 83 104 87 84 101  87 70 o 79 104 78 c) 97  <•} 83 o 83 102 84 94 105  90 68 84 72 96 82 60 94  o o <*) 68 89 76 89 87  80 (’> <•> 69 80 65 67 82  80 o 92 73 90 75 77 90  94 0 o 85 100 84 97 100  of 85  NOTE This matrix table snows me average <meanj ruimiun&Miy vf ......go «•«••••• ..... —- -------- - • occupations compared. Earnings for an occupation in the column heading are expressed as a percent of he earnings for an occupation in the table stub at the point where the data lines for the two intersect. For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  File clerks  earnings for the occupation in the stub. See appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.  14  100 67 103 84 104 91 94 112  100 o 139 161 124 129 146  100 C) 118 97 127 c)  100 124 102 104 125  s earnirlqs for the occ upation in the  100 90 87 98  100 103 122  100 125  100  are 15 percent below  Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for professional and technical occupations, Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Professional and technical occupation being compared Co mputer syste ms an alysts (busine ss)  Occupation which equals 100  Class A Computer systems analysts (business), class A.............. Computer systems analysts (business), class B.............. Computer systems analysts (business), class C.............. Computer programmers (business), class A.............. Computer programmers (business), class B.............. Computer programmers (business), class C.............. Computer operators, class A.. Computer operators, class B.. Computer operators, class C.. Computer data libranans........ Drafters, class A....................... Drafters, class B....................... Drafters, class C....................... Drafters, class D....................... Electronics technicians, class B................................... Registered industrial nurses....  Class B  Computer programmers (business)  Class C  Class A  Class B  Computer operators  Class C  Class A  Class B  Class C  Computer data librarians  Drafters Class A  Class B  Class C  Class D  Electronics Registered technicians industrial nurses Class B  100 114  100  137  118  126  113  0  100  146  133  116  119  100  167 141 159 182 195 129 140 167 201  150 125 139 159 154 117 128 152 181  131 109 120 135 134 103 112 131 156  139 110 126 146 o 104 116 137 c)  122 98 116 128 123 87 95 117 142  100 80 93 109 107 79 88 104 124  100 117 138 131 96 100 120 149  100 122 114 87 91 111 129  100 100 76 85 102 122  100 85 85 o 130  100 116 144 181  100 127 161  100 129  88 102  o 88  102 107  76 97  84  (8) 87  (8) *116  (8) 106  C) 90  <8) 74  100  Machinetool operators (toolroom)  Tool and die makers  Stationary engineers  99 100 (8)  100 100 (8)  100 (8)  100  140 o o c) 146 131 113 118 See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation See footnotes at end of tables.  (6)  table A-10. Average pay relationships within establishments for maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations, Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupation being compared Occupation which equals 100  Mechanics Carpenters Electricians  Painters  Machinists Machinery  Maintenance carpenters........................... Maintenance electricians........................... Maintenance painters................................. Maintenance machinists............................ Maintenance mechanics (machinery)............................................. . Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)....................................... Maintenance pipefitters.............................. Maintenance sheet-metal workers................. ................................... Millwrights.................................................... Maintenance trades helpers..................... Machine-tool operators (toolroom)................................................ Tool and die makers................................... Stationary engineers................................... Boiler tenders......................................... See table A-8 for description of these p See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Motor vehicles  Pipefitters Sheet-metal Millwrights workers  Trades helpers  100 98 101 98  100 103 101  100 98  100  98  101  96  100  100  99 100  102 102  99 99  101 102  102 102  100 100  100  100 99 115  102 102 120  99 99 114  101 102 118  102 102 o  100 100 117  100 100 116  100 100 118  100 117  100  98 97 96 (8)  100 99 98 103  100 99 99 (8)  99 98 97 (8)  99 98 97 101  99 98 98 (8)  99 98 97 (8)  c) 86 C)  98 97 96 101  101 100 99 103 moutation.  15  Boiler tenders  Table A-11. Average pay relationships within establishments for material movement and custodial occupations, Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Material rhovement and custodial occupation being compared Truckdrivers  Occupation which equals 100 Light truck  Shippers and receivers................................................  Shipping packers..........................................................  100 (•) (•) (6) 99 (8) (6) 114 94 116 83 79  Medium truck  100 C) C) 117 104 104 (8) 130 118 109 105 (6) « 115  Shippers and receivers  Warehouse­ Order fillers men  Shipping packers  Material handling laborers  100 99 « <*) o o o o 103 «  100 104 « 111 113 110 113 110 108  100 100 C) 112 103 105 104 106  100 (8) 99 100 <•> o 99  100 92 100 101 101 100  100 « 0 101 99  100 101 98 99  100 100 99  100 98  100  c) o c)  106 160 106  o o 105  « 110 o  0 o 96  o 86 98  101 0 96  o (8) 96  o 124 96  (8) 132 99  111  103  105  109  104  103  104  106  16  Guards  Power-truck Forklift operators  Tractortrailer  janitors, porters, and 116 o 113 126 cleaners...................................................................... See table A-8 for description of these pay relationships and appendix A for method of computation. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Receivers  Heavy truck  Power-truck operators (') 101 (•)  Shippers  (other than forklift)  Class A  Class B  100 o (8)  100 (8)  100  c)  115  108  Janitors, porters, and cleaners  100  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1980  Occupation and industry division  Secretaries..............................  Secretaries, class B......................  Manufacturing............................... Public utilities........................... Secretaries, class D...............  Number of workers  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Mean*  Median*  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range*  39.5 40.0 39.0  358.00 388.00 315.50  365.00 395.50 314.00  303.50- 419.50  439 276 163 66  39.5 40.0 39.0 39.0  427.00 468.50 357.00 371.50  441.00 489.50 351.50 378.00  351.00432.50314.50336.50-  505.50 531.50 392.50 390.00  1,687 1,047 640 170  39.5 40.0 38.5 38.5  400.00 427.50 354.00 351.00  415.00 446.00 353.00 347.50  346.00399.00304.00324.00-  462.50 464.50 398.50 360.50  3,123 2,239 884 33  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  367.00 381.00 331.50 315.50  381.50 392.50 343.50 310.50  332.00350.00269.50289.00-  420.00 426.00 393.50 310.50  1,769 1,098  39.5 39.0  303.50 291.50  310.00 297.00  100 and under 120  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  -  -  6  34  142  6  32  138  "  ~ -  174 22 152  364 68 296  289 79 210  317 81 236  393 134 259  607 331 276  636 348 288  577 404 173  612 339 273  687 420 267  681 493 188  806 658 148  342 288 54  318 265 53  275 256 19  86 85 1  _ ” "  7  10 2 8  6  5  14  6  31 11 20 7  59 34 25 6  18 2 16 11  28 10 18 17  19 5 14 11  28 27 1  86 85 1  -  -  38 30 8 4  68 57 11  “  14 8  18 13 5  -  5 2  14 5  28 2 26 “  91 14 77 16  94 48 46 8  102 46 56 26  120 35 85 69  76 50 26 17  157 46 111 2  145 102 43 1  141 109 32 3  184 151 33 18  276 231 45 2  _  -  25 5 20 6  195 189 6  -  27 14 13 2  -  _  8  14  27  14  23  112 43 69 2  148 78 70 4  157 94 63 14  205 167 38  380 233 147 2  410 343 67  643 534 109  -  -  -  129 109 20 2  3 3  -  271 237 34 1  396 324 72  ~  88 35 53 4  _ -  8 6 2 2  _  8  118 29 89  100 87  164 129  112 84  116 85  125 83  316 131  283 169  107 29  138 84  104 64  105 62  4 2  1  1  4  -  -  _  _  2  -  -  _  _  _  _ _ _ -  _ _ _ -  _  -  _  8 8  6  256.00- 343.00 237.00- 330.00  14 14  252.00  246.50  1,778 856 922 232  39.0 40.0 38.5 40.0  303.00 303.00 302.50 330.50  310.50 304.00 350.50 354.00  237.00- 358.00 296.50- 362.00  "  1,234 581  39.0 37.5  318.50 327.00  327.00 354.00  293.00- 356.00 300.00- 358.00  544 341 141  40.0 40.0 40.0  267.50 261.00 332.50  269.50 241.50 355.50  207.00- 312.00 196.00- 354.00 295.00- 360.00  136 113  39.5 39.5  203.50 180.00  176.50 176.50  170.00- 190.50  1,676 351 1,325 251  39.0 40.0 39.0 39.5  239.00 304.00 222.00 270.50  209.00 306.00 187.00 257.50  894 127 767  267  40.0 39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  294.00 282.00 283.50 191.00 269.00 178.00 171.00 300.00 156.50 204.50  316.50 289.50 268.00 173.00 272.00 169.50 154.00 317.50 151.00 170.00  215.50- 275.00  "  273.50- 340.00 165.50- 266.00 242.00- 289.00  75 75  44  46  50  20  10  10  20  -  2  28  101 21 80  62 25 37 5  68 22 46 13  139 95 44 15  255 200 55 25  208 170 38 19  136 107 29 17  405 86 319 62  145 33 112 62  89 45 44 10  10 8 2  ~  127 44 83 4  -  _ _ _ -  “  39 23  42 20  31 22  33 23  71 21  173 36  189 35  129 26  336 258  106 82  75 33  10 2  _ -  _ -  _ -  _ _  _  28 28  62 57  31 15 1  35 23 13  68 23 14  82 19 5  19 3 2  7 3 2  69 61 60  39 30 30  14 11 10  -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _  _  _  ~  ~  71 71  32 28  2 2  “ -  -  -  -  -  15 3  4 -  -  4 1  _  _ _  _ _  139  404 19 385 2  198 10 188 13  73 5 68 12  57 14 43 20  114 19 95 82  81 31 50 47  94 66 28 20  57 53 4 4  57 44 13 3  267 20 247 46  41 31 10 2  24 23 1  7 7  9 9  -  -  _ _ _  -  -  -  -  59 57  58 56 6  33 33 6  26 22 12  62 55 42  53 36 34  65 24 16  40 4 4  55 13 3  263 245 44  34 9 2  14  7  9  -  -  _  _ _  -  -  -  -  140  31 10 21  52 12 40  28 14 14  29 25 4  17 17  2 2  10 9 1  -  -  _  -  7 6 1  _  -  4 2 2  -  132  40 5 35  -  135  345 17 328  -  -  349  134  58  14  6 5 1  7 6 1  2 2  7 6 1  4 4  -  -  28 27 1  2  -  7 6 1  2  1  6  2  6  7  4  27  54  142.00- 170.00 239.00- 373.50 141.00- 164.00  118  -  135  _ -  31  8 8  249.00- 349.00  -  40  85 63 4  139  160.00- 198.00 224.00- 307.00 160.00- 187.00  ” 7  8  28  54  157.00- 212.00  4 ~ 4  "  39.5  38.5 38.0 39.5  —  120  283  752 76 676 File clerks, class B........................  Weekly e arnings (in dol ars)1  7,346 4,277 3,069  782 558 169 Typists, class B............................... Manufacturing...............................  Average weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  118  349  128  56  10  16 8 8  1  72  83  41  4  13  17  -  _  _ _ _ _  _  _ _ -  _ _  _  _ _ _  _  -  _ _ _  _  _  _  -  -  -  _  _ _  -  -  _  _  _ _ _  -  -  -  _  _  -  _ _  _  _  _  _  Table A-12. Weekly earnings of office workers-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Average Number of workers  Occupation and industry division  hours1 (stand­ ard)  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of -  Middle range2  100 and  120  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  140  160  180  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  400  420  440  460  480  520  560  1 1  -  -  -  “  -  *  4 4 -  6 5 1  16 1 15  16 15 1 1  9 8 1 1  18 11 7 6  5  3  4  File clerks, class C... Nonmanufacturing..  452 438  39.5 39.5  148.50 147.00  145.00 145.00  139.00- 153.00 139.00- 152.00  117 117  277 277  39 33  9 7  4 -  3 1  1 1  1 1  Messengers................. Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  339 105 234  39.5 40.0 39.0  203.50 249.00 183.50  171.50 214.50 165.50  156.00- 232.00 176.00- 340.00 150.50- 191.50  41  97 24 73  35 16 19  20 14 6  12 8 4  26 2 24  _  1  -  -  41  54 5 49  -  1  Switchboard operators.. Manufacturing.......... Nonmanufacturing.... Public utilities.......  348 139 209 34  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  263.50 332.50 218.00 306.00  252.50 357.00 190.00 326.00  164.50287.00159.50254.00-  355.50 384.00 251.50 349.00  2  70  25 5 20  10  16 5 11 3  14 8 6 3  67  39.5  238.00  230.50  206.00- 280.00  3  5  Switchboard operatorreceptionists............. Order clerks.......... ManufacturingOrder clerks, class B... Accounting clerks........ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing. .  70  -  -  -  -  -  24 5 19 6  4  3  3  3  11  19  2,183 997 1,186  39.5 40.0 39.0  289.50 354.50 234.50  273.50 361.00 226.50  208.00- 360.50 275.50- 436.50 186.50- 285.50  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  '  3  1  13 13  9 9  12 10  “  -  2  -  6  1  -  -  -  1  1  1  4  2  -  -  -  -  202 26 176  207 65 142  205 69 136  146 29 117  119 40 79  287 61 226  89 65 24  49 40 9  74 70 4  66 60 6  70 63 7  72 62 10  108 99 9  51 48 3  43 37 6  138 133 5  1 1  116 29 87  72 20 52  70 26 44  172 24 148  61 38 23  34 25 9  63 59 4  49 46 3  60 53 7  68 58 10  106 97 9  47 44 3  43 37 6  138 133 5  1 1  11 11  10 10  4 4  2 2  4 4  “  "  “  “  ■  -  -  16 14 2  8 7 1  26 26  -  -  “ -  " -  30  179.50- 268.00 209.00- 316.50 173.50- 255.00  31  55 55  172 26 146  108 43 65  89 40 49  74 9 65  49 14 35  115 37 78  28 27 1  15 15  31  148 29 119  “  -  17 14 3  5  12 12  24 2 22  37 10 27  37 14 23  32 10 22  11 8 3  17 15 2  7 4 3  2 1 1  14 12 2  19 18 1  9 8 1  11 11 ”  7 7  5  50 12 38 207 17 190 21  212 22 190 20  218 15 203 19  156 19 137 8  75 12 63 17  87 24 63 49  72 55 17 10  72 56 16 6  80 65 15 1  232 62 170 97  94 51 43 29  230 177 53 2  100 78 22  1 1  1  115 5 110  130 17 113  31  1  55 8 47  31  30 8 22  20 13 7  29 20 9  32 21 11  174 27 147  53 30 23  61 39 22  100 78 22  206 17 189 21  157 14 143 20  103 10 93  26 2 24 2  44 12 32 13  57 16 41 37  52 42 10 6  43 36 7 6  48 44 4 1  58 35 23 17  41 21 20 19  169 138 31 2  -  225.50 264.50 208.50  209.00 257.00 195.50  . . .  344 179 165  39.5 40.0 39.0  283.50 348.00 213.00  248.50 361.00 203.50  196.00- 365.50 259.00- 441.50 175.00- 232.50  . .  1,953 656 1,297 279  39.5 40.0 39.5 39.5  273.00 338.00 240.50 288.50  260.00 354.50 212.50 300.00  196.00299.00184.00242.00-  355.50 392.50 298.00 340.00  39.5 40.0 39.0  301.50 351.50 278.00  325.50 372.00 244.00  226.00- 363.50 314.00- 404.00 216.00- 340.00  39.5 40.C 39.5 39.C I  252.00 328.5C 211.5C 266.0C  215.00 339.00 188.00 270.00  176.50288.50168.00194.50-  334.00 392.50 225.50 339.50  117 2 115 -  117 2 115  -  3 3  .  21  39.0 39.5 38.5  ~  1 1  16  1  932 285 647  ~  _  ~  -  Accounting clerks, class B.. Manufacturing.................... Nonmanufacturing.............  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  33 31 2  30  251.00- 423.50 333.00- 459.50 220.00- 295.00  1,121 389 732 153  -  30 19 11  21  309.50 405.00 261.00  . .. . .  18 16 2  30 12 18 14  1  337.00 390.50 266.50  Key entry operators, class B.. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................ Public utilities....................  -  99 22 77  39.5 40.0 39.0  832 267 565  “  ~  ~  3 3  56  13  -  -  -  4 4  31  135.00- 198.50  -  -  1 1  -  169 29 140  162.00  -  26 25 1  _  56  192.00  -  1 1  31  37.0  -  -  6 6  6  73  12  -  -  -  16  13  -  -  1 1  12  152.50- 395.50 318.00- 411.00  -  2  2 2  203.00 390.50  . . .  10  6 2  262.50 360.50  Key entry operators, class A.. Manufacturing........................ Nonmanufacturing................  _  -  38.0 40.0  1,251 712 539  Key entry operators.... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing.. Public utilities.....  2  31 4 27  112 55  Accounting clerks, class A.. Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing.............  Payroll clerks............... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing. .  _  -  18  _  “  '  “  1 1  ■  I  •“  --  ■  -  ~ ~  ■ -  -  “ ”  -  ~  ~ "  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1980  Occupation and industry division  —  of workers  Average weekly hours* (stand­ ard)  Weekly e arnings (in doll ars)‘  Mean2  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of  Middle range2  180 Under and 180 under 200  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  Computer systems analysts (business)........................................ Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  2,614 1,616 998  39.5 40.0 39.0  529.50 546.00 503.00  544.00 564.00 504.00  442.50- 614.50 465.00- 628.50 413.00- 593.50  -  -  -  -  1  Computer systems analysts (business), class A.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  750 328 422  39.0 40.0 38.5  577.50 609.50 552.50  593.50 641.00 561.50  499.00- 658.50 499.50- 698.50 499.00- 599.50  -  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  40.0 533.00 40.0 y 540.50 39.5 513.50 38.5 460.00  568.00 583.00 483.00 454.00  431.504£3.50436.00432.50-  625.50 629.50 611.00 477.00  -  -  -  _ _ -  8 8  _ _ -  _  _ _  _ -  _ _ -  _ _ _ -  1  1  _ -  -  -  Computer systems analysts (business), class B.................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................  1,201 854 347 142  Computer systems analysts (business), class C..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  663 434 229  39.5 40.0 38.5  470.00 509.00 396.50  486.50 515.50 366.50  386.50- 545.50 475.50- 561.50 336.00- 429.50  -  _ -  _ -  _ _ ~  _ 1  _ _ -  8 8  Computer programmers (business).. Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing....................... Public utilities............................  1,743 1,081 662 56  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  432.50 466.00 377.50 365.00  434.50 462.50 360.00 348.50  372.00411.50304.00314.50-  500.50 520.00 442.00 416.00  _ -  _ -  _ -  18 9 9  25 4 21  64 12 52  -  -  -  Computer programmers (business), class A.................... Nonmanufacturing........................  579 158  40.0 39.5  503.50 436.00  513.50 447.00  474.00- 555.50 329.50- 503.50  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  _  Computer programmers (business), class B.................... Manufacturing................... , Nonmanufacturing........................  697 402 295  40.0 40.0 40.0  418.00 445.50 381.00  428.50 446.00 366.00  366.00- 464.00 415.00- 477.00 312.00- 432.00  -  -  _ -  4 _ 4  7 2 5  Computer programmers (business), class C..................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  467 258 209  40.0 40.0 40.0  365.50 396.00 328.00  387.50 403.00 308.00  303.50- 411.00 382.00- 418.50 272.00- 378.50  _ -  _ -  _ _ -  14 9 5  Computer operators........................... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................  1,359 849 510 104  40.0 40.0 39.5 39.5  369.50 406.50 308.00 308.00  382.50 426.50 283.00 287.50  282.00347.50246.00278.50-  455.50 478.50 383.50 383.00  20  18 2 16  43 18 25 2  Computer operators, class A....... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................  249 161 88 28  40.0 40.0 39.5 40.0  417.50 457.00 345.50 343.00  438.00 475.50 324.50 320.50  332.00421.50278.50278.50-  495.50 509.00 403.50 408.00  _ _ -  .  .  _ -  _ _ -  Computer operators, class B....... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................ Public utilities............................  563 354 209 36  39.5 40.0 39.0 40.0  377.00 408.50 324.00 315.50  394.00 437.50 307.50 292.50  286.50366.00255.00242.50-  455.50 472.00 394.00 388.50  _  4  _ -  4  7 4 3  -  Computer operators, class C....... Manufacturing............................... Nonmanufacturing........................  547 334 213  40.0 40.0 39.5  340.00 380.50 277.00  341.50 387.50 255.00  251.00- 426.00 329.50- 451.00 216.00- 296.00  20  Computer data librarians...................  140  39.0  287.50  295.00  237.50- 295.00  _ _ -  56 13 43  52 20 32  62 17 45  120 66 54  210 121 89  258 128 130  26 2 166 96  12  35 10 25  60 32 28  82  99  42  250 143 107  309 227 82  430  322  161  80  45  19  85  78 69 9  42  85 64 21  78 69 9  19  110  233  _ _ -  -  -  12  6 5 1  ' 15 10 5  25 17 8  81 66 15 8  136 106 30 11  142 57 85 67  65 22 43 37  42 22 20 8  140  224  3  8  37  27  -  37 10 27  37  27  39 5 34  56 39 17  115 104 11  109 102 7  113 102 11  56 15  72 2 70 7  89 6 83 10  54 11 43 9  75 25 50 9  74 35 39 1  298 210 88 7  273 208 65 5  263 194 69 8  215 176 39  140 118 22  62 51 11  15 15  15 15  11 10  10 10  4 4  15 8  43 22  126 33  147 16  13  11  16 2 14  27 _ 27  35 2 33  26 5 21  43 15 28  37 14 23  122 69 53  188 155 33  104 80 24  60 39 21  23 14 9  5  18 2 16  48 10 38  30 2 28  39 4 35  17 5 12  22 10 12  33 21 12  161 134 27  42 32 10  33 21 12  8 6 2  2 2  84 39 45 9  102 27 75 8  59 14 45 6  92 19 73 40  70 38 32 2  52 28 24 3  66 54 12 2  71 58 *13 1  161 99 62 24  212 184 28 3  210 180 30 1  80 71 9  19 18  2 2  15  13  _ 15 6  _ 13 4  11 7 4 2  13 5 8 2  9 6 3  8 3 5  23 11 12 8  34 31 3 3  48 39 9 1  40 35 5  18 18  -  15 4 11 2 49 11 38 6  28 10 18  19 6 13  18 13 5 1  26 20 6  81 39 42 16  110 99 11  84 75 9  39 35 4  -  32 7 25 5  29 11 18  -  36 24 12 8  20  14 2 12  36 14 22  46 13 33  38 12 26  16 4 12  47 12 35  30 20 10  20 17 3  39 35 4  37 35 2  57 49 8  68 54 14  78 66 12  1 1  3  8  15  9  12  10  56  _  9  _  7  6  4  1  20 3  -  _  19  -  _  -  92 57 35  19  20 1  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1 1  -  740 and over  177 121 56  50 8 42  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  1 1  1  11 8  11 8  Table A-13. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued  Occupation and industry division  '  of workers  3,197 3,035 162 1,933 1,851 82  Nonmanufacturing........................  40 0 40.0 40.0  Weekly e irnings (in doll ars)’  Mean2  499.00 507.00 353.50  Median2  Middle range2  514.50 523.00 357.00  419.00- 588.00 432.00- 592.50 274.50- 406.00  40 0 40.0 40.0  561.00 567 00 416.50  573.50 576.50 406.00  524.00- 611.50 531.00- 611.50 373.50- 461.00  573 520 53  40.0 40 0 39.5  447.00 460.50 312.00  459.00 463.00 307.00  419.00- 491.50 431.00- 493.50 265.50- 353.50  459 432  40.0 40.0  387.00 396.00  391.00 394.50  364.00- 423.00 366.50- 425.00  224 224  Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities............................  Average weekly hours’ (stand­ ard)  40.0 40.0  335.50 335.50  336.00 336.00  318.00- 348.50 318.00- 348.50  74  40.0  463.00  479.50  432.50- 479.50  434 385  40.(5' 40 0  425.50 430.50  435.50 „ 393.50- 477.50 444.50 400.50- 477.50  25  39.0  380.00  382.00  357.00- 423.50  Number of workers receiving straight-time weekly earnings (in dollars) of 180 Under and 180 under 200  200  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  220  240  260  280  300  320  340  360  380  420  460  500  540  580  620  660  700  740  13  TO 6  9 14  10  70 64 6  105 101  162 141 21  120 102 18  273 247 26  294 283 11  380 358 22  386 384 2  446 446  525 525  364 364  -  -  18 10 8  12  45 23 22  55 44 11  182 160 22  295  421 421  2  11  23 10 13  11  65 61  143 143  170 170  90 90  13 13  51 51  79 79  154 154  94 94  28 28  1  65 65  70 70  18 18  9  ~ ~ 16  38  10  20 15  25 20  87 74  108 97  147 142  4  4  4  6  7  9 6  6  14  9  7  5  2  9 9  6  -  -  -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  9  12  -  -  20  -  12  740 and over  -  2 2 -  -  -  525 525  364 364  2 2  -  -  -  -  -  -  25 25  . “ “  -  " -  -  -  “  "  -  -  -  “ -  “ -  “ -  -  12  ~  -  “  -  “  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  -  “  -  _  _  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by j Average (mean3) Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)'  Office occupations men Payroll clerks..  76  40.0  413.50  Office occupations women Secretaries........... . Manufacturing...  39.5 40.0  364.50 388.00  Secretaries, class A.. Manufacturing..........  405 276  40.0 40.0  430.00 468.50  Secretaries, class B.. Manufacturing..........  1,518 1,045  39.5 40.0  407.50 427.50  Secretaries, class C... Manufacturing.......... Nonmanufacturing.... Public utilities.......  2,975 2,234 741 31  39.5 40.0 38.5 40.0  371.50 380.50 344.50 303.50  Stenographers.............. Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing... Public utilities......  Sex,1 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)  321 136 185 32  39.5 40.0 39.5 40.0  265.50 332.00 216.00 306.50  39.5  233.00  Order clerks..............................  85  37.5  219.50  Order clerks, class B........  67  37.0  174.00  Switchboard operators........... Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing............. Public utilities.....................  282  39.5  252.00  39.5  258.00  Computer operators, class C... Manufacturing..........................  318 218  40.0 40.0  357.00 396.00  247.00 294.00  150  39.5 40.0 39.0  210.00  Drafters.......................... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing...  3,059 2,904 155  40.0 40.0 40.0  504.50 512.50 356.00  1,161  39.5 40.0 39.5  276.50 337.00 242.50  Drafters, class A...... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing...  1,918 1,839 79  40.0 40.0 40.0  561.50 567.50 418.50  785 261 524  39.5 40.0 39.0  304.50 351.50 281.50  Drafters, class B...... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing..  552 502 50  40.0 40.0 39.5  448.50 461.50 315.50  1,021 384 637  39.5 40.0 39.5  254.50 327.50 210.50  Drafters, class C.. Manufacturing....  404 378  40.0 40.0  388.50 398.00  Drafters, class D.. Manufacturing....  181 181  40.0 40.0  335.50 335.50  Electronics technicians.........  74  40.0  463.00  Registered industrial nurses: Manufacturing....................  62  40.0  431.50  196  40.0  493.50  84  40.0  484.00  279  40.0  430.50  104  40.0  382.00  402 239  39.5 40.0  343.00 368.00  Payroll clerks..................... Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing...................  203.50 180.00  1,568 350 1,218  39.0 40.0 39.0  241.50 304.00  Computer systems analysts (business): Manufacturing.........................  Key entry operators................. Manufacturing.................. Nonmanufacturing.............  Professional and technical occupations - men  Typists, class A........ Nonmanufacturing...  739 516  38.5 38.0  297.00 285.50  Computer systems analysts (business), class A: Manufacturing..............  Typists, class B........ Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing..  829 127  39.5 39.5  192.00 269.00 178.00  Computer systems analysts (business), class B.... Manufacturing............  64  40.0  261.50  40.0  553.50  Professional and technical occupations - women  987  Computer systems analysts (business), class C: Manufacturing...... Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..................  34  Computer programmers (business), class A......................  452  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  428.00 463.50 354.00  264  39.5 39.5  Messengers. Manufacturing.........  40.0 40.0 40.0  390.00 420.50  136 113  148.00 146.50  207 140 67  40.0 40.0  Transcribing-machine typists.. Nonmanufacturing.............  199.50  387.00 421.50  368 252  Key entry operators, class B........ Manufacturing................ Nonmanufacturing...............  39.5  406.00  40.0 40.0  Accounting clerks, class B: Manufacturing.............................  272.00 277.50 268.00 339.00  39.5 39.5  40.0  893 610  Computer operators, class B.. Manufacturing..........................  40.0 40.0 40.0 40.0  257  154  Computer operators.. Manufacturing......  356.50  496 202 294 132  414 404  449.00  40.0  Stenographers, general.. Manufacturing............... . Nonmanufacturing........ Public utilities.............  File clerks, class C.... Nonmanufacturing..  40.0  446  Key entry operators, class A............ Manufacturing.............. Nonmanufacturing..........  File clerks, class B....  283  Computer programmers (business), class C: Manufacturing.................  Accounting clerks, class A: Manufacturing.......................  318.50 327.00  169.00 302.00 156.50  Computer programmers (business), class B: Manufacturing.................  Weekly earnings (in dollars'  320.00  39.0 37.5  39.5 40.0 39.5  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  40.0  1,233 581  703 62 641  of workers  710  305.00 303.00 307.50 334.00  File clerks...................... Manufacturing.......... Nonmanufacturing....  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Computer operators, class A.. Manufacturing......................... Nonmanufacturing..................  39.0 40.0 38.5 40.0  Typists........................... Manufacturing......... Nonmanufacturing...  Average (mean3)  Accounting clerks: Manufacturing......................  1,729 854 875 223  Stenographers, senior.. Nonmanufacturing......  Number of workers  Switchboard operatorreceptionists ....................... 6,573 4,270  Secretaries, class E..  Average (mean3)  21  40.0  619.00  40.0 40.0  549.00 547.00  40.0  513.00  40.0  478.50  40.0  388.50  40.0  516.50  Computer systems analysts (business): Manufacturing.................... Computer systems analysts (business), class B: Manufacturing........................ Computer programmers (business): Manufacturing................................ Computer programmers (business), class C: Manufacturing................. Computer operators.. Manufacturing......  Table A-14. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 —Continued  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  168 102  39.0 40.0  357.00 378.50  Drafters................... Manufacturing-  192 116  40.0 40.0  325.50 351.00  Drafters, class C Manufacturing...  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Average (mean3)  Average (mean3)  Average (mean3)  22  Number of workers  Weekly hours1 (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  138 131  40.0 40.0  378.00 382.00  55 54  40.0 40.0  377.50 380.00  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Number of workers  Registered industrial nurses....................................... Manufacturing..........................................................  355 323  Weekly hours' (stand­ ard)  Weekly earnings (in dollars)1  40.0 40.0  428.00 430.50  Table A-15. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers-large establishments in Detroit, Mich., March 1980 H ourly earn ngs (in dollars )4 Occupation and industry division  Maintenance electricians................. Manufacturing...............................  of workers  Mean*  Median*  Middle range*  689 597 92 37  10.89 11.04 9.91 9.11  11.28 11.32 9.85 9.13  11.15-11.32 11.15-11.32 9.13-11.28 8.73- 9.13  3.790 3,668 122 34  11.46 11.50 10.47 9.60  11.60 11 60 10.37 9.55  11.53-11.61 11.53-11.61 9.55-11.60 9.21- 9.72  591 527 64  10 98 11.08 10.16  .11.28 11.28-11.28 11.28 11.28-11.28 9.81 9.65-11.28  718 630 88 88  11.07 11.28 9.56 9.56  11.42 10.99-11.55 11.42 11.41-11.55 9.63 9.55- 9.79 9.63 9.55- 9.79  4,011 3,988  11.3^ 11.36  11.53 11.51-11.6Q 11.53 11.51-11.60  1,772 1,336 436 285  10.98 11.11 10.57 10.30  11.33 11.36 11.09 10.37  2,599 2,571  11.25 11.26  11.33 11.32-11.36 11.33 11.32-11.36  597 574  11.21 11.28  11.32 11.32-11.33 11.32 11.32-11.33  4,369 4,311  11.30 11.30  11.33 11.32-11.36 11.33 11.32-11.36  522  9.70  2,064 2,064  11.34 11.34  11.42 11.41-11.43 11.42 11.41-11.43  5,164 5,163  11.56 11.56  11.61 11.58-11.62 11.61 11.58-11.62  561 472 89  11.27 11.36 10.80  11.53 11.32-11.60 11.53 11.32-11 60 10.63 9.98-11.77  Maintenance mechanics  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollars) of 7.40 Under and 7.40 under 7.60  7.60  7.80  8.00  8.20  8.40  8.60  8.80  9.00  9.20  9.40  9.60  9.80  10.00  10.20  10.40  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  7.80  8.00  8.20  8.40  8.60  8.80  9.00  9.20  9.40  9.60  9.80  10.00  10.20  10.40  10.60  11.00  11.40  11.80  12.20  12.60  13 1  -  -  7  -  -  13 13 34  -  -  48 47 1  21 21 17  64  5  “  “  ” ~ ”  24  13  1  13 13 2 2 18  13 12  25  10 10  20 20  13 13  6 54  50  10  27  1  36 6 30 6  _ ■ -  20 20  4  32 10 22  7  15  .  46 39  “ “  18  22  25  22 22  25 25  15 15  “  7 5 2  517 495 22  -  -  -  -  _ “ “  133 129 4  83 78 5  3220 3173 47  -  -  -  19 19  -  18 16 2  4 4  -  1  115 114 1  47 47  -  -  -  -  8  9 9  -  466 445 21  -  -  -  78 78  18 18  410 410  11 11  62 62  -  -  “ -  ~ -  -  -  -  34 34  45 45  101 100  3439 3432  -  131 131  -  51 12 39 39  " “ ~  17 15 2 2  1171 972 199 70  242 216 26 26  18  19 19  18 18  -  -  -  ~ “  -  67 67  2272 2252  35 35  133 133  -  -  4  11 ~  16 16  15 15  504 504  9 9  20 20  _ -  _ -  _ “  ~  20 20  33 33  4026 3968  36 36  170 170  -  -  “  ~  77  -  ”  -  “  “  -  1892 1892  1 1  -  -  1  “  ~  -  24 24  -  _ 18  -  18  ~  “  -  12.60 and over  -  _ -  “ 7 7  18 30  20 20  -  10 10  2 ~  8  1  ■  Maintenance mechanics  Maintenance sheet-metal workers...  Machine-tool operators (toolroom)...  Nonmanufacturing........................  9.71  11.32-11.36 11.32-11.36 9.66-11.36 9.66-11.09  35 35  8 8  18  67 67 67  27 18  -  -  -  -  -  60 66  4  6  4  -  20  -  -  -  -  19 13  10  2  3  2  1  50 56  9.55- 9.71 -  -  19  -  80 80  -  -  10 10  7  50  -  2  -  -  298 -  4  TO 10 10 -  8 8 -  —  “  6 -  -  See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  18 9 9  23  1  1  6 6  -  “  -  79 79  44 44  ~  -  “  177 177  4889 4889  35 35  “ -  2  9 8 1  _  21 12 9  109 105 4  274 252 22  37 29 8  29 24 5  31 -  -  -  5  31  14 14  Table A-16. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers-large establishments In Detroit, Mich., March 1980 Hourly earnings (in dollars)4 Occupation and industry division  Number of workers  3,346 1,972 1,374  Mean2  9.87 9.61 10.25  Median2  Number of workers receiving straight-time hourly earnings (in dollfirs) of 3.80 Under and 3.80 under 4.00  Middle range2  10.50 8.93-10.78 9.73 8.65-10.55 10.87 10.45-10.87  141 110  7.55 7.34  7.74 7.40- 8.06 7.52 7.40- 7.74  101  9.86  9.27 9.05-11.75  1,629 1,167 462  10.12 9.94 10.59  10.53 10.07-10.56 10.53 9.51-10.55 10.60 10.50-10.78  4.00  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  4.20  4.40  4.60  4.80  5.00  5.40  5.80  6.20  6.60  7.00  7.40  7.80  8.20  8.60  9.00  9.40  9.80  10.20  10.60  11.00  1  2  _  _  1  2  -  -  1 1  1 1  _ -  -  _ -  _ _  _  -  -  1  9  7  2  9  4  1  9  7  2  9  -  55 25 30  86 12 74  34 32  390 367 23  258 251  97 46 01  1 1  2 2  5 5  2 2  3 3  3 3  9 9  74 74  19  9  11  1  _  _  _  _  _  10  12  -  -  -  -  25 25  12 12  5 5  190 190  26 26  Truckdrivers, medium truck:  9.73  682 289  8.87 7.98  9.64 8.61- 9.64 8.61 5.55- 9.64  337 275  9.30 9.38  9.55 9.55- 9.64 9.55 9.55- 9.64  1,442 817 625  8.76 8.34 9.31  9.39 7.62 9.55  7.62- 9.55 7.62- 9.39 9.48- 9.90  .  -  -  2,864 2,223 641  8.98 9.28 7.94  9.47 9.47 9.37  9.34- 9.56 9.34- 9.56 5.71- 9.47  7,514 6,669 845  9.48 9.47 9.59  9.55 9.48- 9.61 9.55 9.48- 9.61 9.55 9.55- 9.61  759  9.55  9.50  -  -  30  2  16  -  -  *31  33  66  83 83  929 746  237 11  23  "  2  5  26  28  30  ”  23  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  -  1  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  7 7  10 10  62 62  5 3  4 3  7 7  12 8  11 11  14  “  56 56  17 8  411 45  63  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  -  4 4  -  -  “  _  38 20  15 10  3  19 9  254 225  -  4  -  -  1  1  -  3  7  13  3 2 1  402 401 1  15 10 5  93 60 33  159 114 45  502 182 320  -  -  1  13  37 37  179  7  21 10 11  3  3  1115  199  100 100  -  -  1  1  1  1  -  ~ 3  179  _ -  _ -  -  -  4 4  16 16  -  30  -  -  -  11  -  -  -  517  _ -  _ -  -  -  -  -  30 30  13 13  ~  -  86 86  38 38  -  101 14  407 237  -  -  -  -  -  _ -  9  9  3  4  7  12  29  7  1  -  -  ■ 9  1  1476 1224 252  3  7  840 728 112  58  29  191 191  2  12  73 65 8  -  7  29 15 14  9  4  -  ”  “ "  “ -  81 80  38 28 10  106 103  421 421  6391 5777 614  211 155 56  133  -  -  -  -  _ -  _  _  -  _ -  39  63  -  39  63  9  9  3  .  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  _ -  _ -  _ -  -  _  _  _  _  _  -  -  -  -  31  8  -  -  48  492  96  .  _  84  .  14 14  1  55  81 48 33  90 56 34  12  114  75  810  1330  4  -  -  67 46 21 1  50 27 23  -  44 44 10  23 4 19  -  -  4  21 21  22 22  34 34  2  2  32  11  25  46 46  28 27  56 56  10 10  112 61 51  43 43  799 731  1305  116 94 22 15  131 86 45 45  126 102 24 22  182 164  243 11C  3512 3275  28C 191  63  9.50- 9.50 8  _  _  8  -  -  335 232  7.28 6.80  6.92 6.75  6.25- 8.00 6.22- . 53  -  2,447 2,240 207  9.61 9.69 8.71  9.88 9.88 9.75  9.75- 9.97 9.75- 9.97 8.64- 9.7E  8  7,598 4.27C 3.32E 326  7.54 8.91 5.79 7.21  9.1S 9.1 € 5.00 7.45 I  5.209.194.986.04-  _  _  -  -  14 14  _  _  -  -  1 1 1  _  _  28 28  14 14  48 48  -  4  16  7  4  16  9 4 5  825 12 813  128 72 5€  256 43 213 114  149 9C 59  133  19  33  41  38  1197  82  133  19  33 5  41  38  1197 2  24  -  _ 55  -  8  I  4  -  82  • All workers were at $11.40 to $11.80. See footnotes at end of tables.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  -  -  -  1 1  _ -  .  23  -  _  1  9.34- 9.49 8.13- 9.49  843  1 1  1  9.41 9.47  -  260  1  .  9.02 8.78  “  54  1 1  -  675 418  _ -  854  _  _  -  _ -  1006  _  -  -  _ -  99 99  388  _  .  9.2C 9.2C 5.86 8.6^  _  -  -  9.37- 9.64 9.47- 9.64  9.75 9.68- 9.97 9.88 9.75- 9.97 7.54 6.25- 9.75 8.93 8.64- 8.93  _  -  .  9.54 9.55  9.33 9.63 7.70 8.45  _  -  9.52 9.59  2,782 2,343 439 85  -  _  1,992 1,704  Power-truck operators  Janitors, porters, and cleaners.......  9.64- 9.73  9.87  451  _ -  .  -  378 352  11.00 and over  81 33  7  “ 122 80 42  11  53 53  “ 44 34 1C  11  3  108  -  11 4  -  -  63 18  6  26 —  —  “r"'n3‘  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  ™«»r.l movement, Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)  Maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant occupations - men Maintenance carpenters Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities..........  Tool and die makers.. Manufacturing...... 583 515  10.90 11.02  37  9.11  3,616 3,516  11.48 11.50  34  9.60  Maintenance painters.. Manufacturing........  552 500  11.01 11.08  Maintenance machinists. Manufacturing............. Nonmanufacturing . Public utilities..........  607 519 88 88  11.00 11.24 9.56 9.56  Maintenance mechanics (machinery)................... Manufacturing.............  3,976 3,953  11.35 11.36  1,508 1,158  11.00 11.06  2,450 2.422  11.27 11.28  Maintenance electricians.. Manufacturing.............. Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities...........  Maintenance pipefitters..  Stationary engineers.. Manufacturing.......  Truckdrivers............................... Manufacturing....... .............. Nonmanufacturing...............  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  5,159 5,158  11.56 11.56  536 472  11.34 11.36  Truckdrivers, tractor-trailer.. Manufacturing..................... Nonmanufacturing..............  Shippers and receivers.. Manufacturing............ Warehousemen............ Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  Maintenance sheet-metal workers.. Manufacturing..............................  591 568  11.22 11.28  Millwrights........................................... Manufacturing..............................  3,795 3,737  11.31 11.31  Shipping packers... Manufacturing-  Machine-tool operators (toolroom).. Manufacture  2,060 2,060  11.34 11.34  Material handling laborers... Manufacture  See footnotes at end of tables.  25  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  Forklift operators......... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..  Guards.......................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing: Public utilities.....  3,028 1,852 1,176  Truckdrivers, medium truck: Manufacturing......................  Order fillers................... Manufacturing........ Nonmanufacturing..   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Number of workers  Material movement and custodial occupations - men  Shippers..  Maintenance mechanics (motor vehicles)............ . Manufacturing..............  Sex,3 occupation, and industry division  custodial workers by sex-large establishments in  9.91 9.59 10.40  Guards, class B...... Manufacturing....... Nonmanufacturing.  101  9.86  1,511 1,051 460  10.14 9.94 10.59  388  9.87  232 214  9.30 9.40  1,352 796 556  8.74 8.31 9.36  1,510 185 1,325  9.58 9.09 9.65  Shipping packers. .. Manufacturing-  426 331  8.97 8.84  Material handling laborers: Manufacturing........................  2,488 ___2,046  9.15 9.29  Janitors, porters, and cleaners:  Janitors, porters, and cleaners........................... Manufacturing............................................***** Nonmanufacturing.......................................  Number of workers  Average (mean3) hourly earnings (in dollars)4  7,075 6,322 753  9.48 9.46 9.67  2,381 2,055  9.37 9.63  68  8.54  2,136 1,958 178  9.62 9.69 8.78  5,347 3,083 2,264  7.59 8.94 5.75  105 61  9.30 9.30  473  9.34  249 87  9.11 8.55  177  9.09  995  8.86  Material movement and custodial occupations - women Shippers and receivers......................................... Manufacturing............................................... Order fillers  Manufacturing......................  Footnotes 1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive their regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly hours. 2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median designates position—half of the workers receive the same or more and half receive the same or less than the rate shown. The middle range is defined by two rates of pay; one-fourth of the workers earn the same or less than the lower of these rates and one-fourth earn the same or more than the higher rate. 3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was provided by the establishment. 4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. ! Estimates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates relate to men and women. 6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  26  Appendix A. Scope and Method of Survey  In each of the 71 areas' currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication, and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance, and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this survey, as well as the number actually studied. Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-year intervals. In each of the two intervening years, information on employment and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal visit, mail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments participating in the previous survey. A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sample, minus establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In most cases, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope of the survey until the selection of a1 sample for a personal visit survey. The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry and number of employees. From this stratified universe a probability sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance of selection. To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater proportion of large than small establishments is selected. When data are combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of selection so that unbiased estimates are generated. For example, if one out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is chosen in the same industry-size classification if data are not available from the original sample member. If no suitable substitute is available, additional weight is assigned to a sample member that is similar to the missing unit.  movement and custodial. Occupational classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job. Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the survey, are not presented in the Asenes tables because either (1) data were insufficient to provide meaningful statistical results, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment data. Separate men s and women s earnings data are not presented when the number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined. Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information to subclassify is not available. Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-time workers, i.e., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays, and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-living allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution of workers on some A-tables indicate a change in the size of the class intervals. These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area at a particular time. Changes in an occupational average over time reflect, in addition to earnings changes, factors such as changes in proportions of workers employed by high- or lowwage firms, or high-wage workers advancing to better jobs and being replaced by new workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment could decrease an occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in table A-7, are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for individual jobs within the groups. Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estimates. Industries and establish­ ments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute differently to the estimates  Occupations and earnings  Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: (1) Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant; and (4) material   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  7  for each job. Pay averages may fail to reflect accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments. Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within individual establishments. Factors which may contribute to differences include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees in these surveys usually are more generalized than those used in individual establish­ ments and allow for minor differences among establishments in specific duties performed. , Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all establishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed. Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied. These differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of the earnings data. Wage trends for selected occupational groups  Indexes in table A-7 measure wages at a given time, expressed as a percent of wages during the base period. Subtracting 100 from the index yields the percent change in wages from the base period to the date of the index. The percent increases in table A-7 relate to wage changes between the indicated dates. Annual rates of increase, where shown, reflect the amount of increase for 12 months when the time span between surveys was other than 12 months. These computations are based on the assumption that wages increased at a constant rate between surveys. The indexes and percent increases are based on changes in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments). The data are adjusted to remove the effects on average earnings of employment shifts among establishments and turnover of establish­ ments included in survey samples. The percent increases, however, are still affected by factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates. Occupations used to compute wage trends are: Office clerical Secretaries Stenographers, senior Stenographers, general Typists, classes A and B File clerks, classes A, B, and C Messengers  Switchboard operators Order clerks, classes A and B Accounting clerks, classes A and B Payroll clerks Key entry operators, classes A and B   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Registered industrial nurses Skilled maintenance Mechanics (machinery) Mechanics (motor vehicle) Pipefitters Tool and die makers  Carpenters Electricians Painters Machinists  Unskilled plant Janitors, porters, and cleaners  Material handling laborers  Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed as follows: 1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived from earnings in those establishments which are in the survey both years; it is assumed that employment remains unchanged. 2. Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its proportionate employment in the occupational group. 3. These weights are used to compute group averages. Each occupation’s average earnings (computed in step 1) are multiplied by its weight. The products are totaled to obtain a group average. 4. The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is computed by dividing the average for the current year by the average for the earlier year. The resultexpressed as a percent—less 100 is the percent change. «  The index is computed by adding 100 to the most recent percent increase, multiplying the total by the previous year’s index number, and dividing the product by 100 to obtain the current index value. For a more detailed description of the method used to compute these wage trends, see ‘Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes,’ Monthly Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 52­ 57. Average pay relationships within establishments  Tables A-8 through A-11 present occupational pay relatives derived from compari­ sons of job averages within individual establishments. The method of computation is as follows:  Electronic data processing Computer systems analysts, classes A, B, and C  Industrial nurses  Computer programmers, classes A, B, and C Computer operators, classes A, B, C  1. A pay relative for any two occupations is computed for each establishment in which they are found by dividing the average earnings for one occupation by the average for the other and multiplying by 100 (e.g., $5 divided by $4 = 1.25 times 100 = 125).  2. Each pay relative is weighted by the number of workers in the two occupations compared and by the weight assigned to the establishment to represent establish­ ments not included in the survey sample.  addition, the mix of establishments used in the comparisons may differ between the two methods. Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions  3- The weighted pay relatives for all establishments reporting the two occupations are summed and divided by the total of the weights to produce the average pay relatives shown in the tables. Occupational pay relationships measured in this manner yield considerably different results than those produced by using overall survey averages such as those shown in tables A-1 through A-6. The former measure the average pay relationships found within establishments; the latter measure the relationships among job averages in an area. In   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Tabulations on selected establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions (B-series tables) are not presented in this bulletin. Information for these tabulations is collected at 3-year intervals. These tabulations on minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced office workers; shift differentials; scheduled weekly hours and days; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are presented (in the B-series tables) in previous bulletins for this area. 1 Includes 70 areas surveyed under the Bureau’s regular program plus Poughkeepsie-KingstonINewburgh, N.Y., which is surveyed under contract. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administra­ tion of the U. S. Department of Labor.  Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied in Detroit, Mich.,1 March 1980  Industry division2  Minimum employment in establish­ ments in scope of study  Workers in establishments  Number of establishments  Within scope of study3  Within scope of study4  Studied Number  Studied Percent  All establishments 745,283 Manufacturing......................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and other public utilities5........................ Wholesale trade6................................. Retail trade6......................................... Finance, insurance, and real estate6 Services6 7............................................  100 50 100 50 50  419 1,039  59 141  403,142 342,141  54 46  312,697 173,072  81 207 208 186 357  25 23 23 49  61,705 42,578 116,224 57,895 63,739  8 6 16 8 9  48,963 20,606 63,544 25,260 14,699  140  72  530,998  100  461,027  54  25 47  332,666 198,332  63 37  305,125 155,902  21  Large establishments All divisions. 500 Manufacturing......................................... Nonmanufacturing.................................. Transportation, communication, and 500 other public utilities5........................ 500 Wholesale trade6................................. 500 Retail trade6......................................... 500 Finance, insurance, and real estate6 500 Services6 7............................................ 'The Detroit Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Lapeer, Livingston, Macomb, Oakland, St. Clair, and Wayne Counties. The ‘workers within scope of study estimates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force included in the survey. Estimates are not intended, however, for comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period studied, and (2) small establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey. 2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify establishments by industry division. All government operations are excluded from the scope of the survey. 3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. All outlets (within the area) of nonmanufacturing companies are considered as one establishment when located within the same industry division.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  86  16 4 24 27 15  46,192 9 49,238 17,890 3 17,890 60,975 15 79,204 23,285 7 37,789 7,560 3 14,211 8 4 Includes all workers in all establishments with total employment (within the area) at or above the minimum limitation. 5 Abbreviated to 'public utilities' in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and sen/ices incidental to water transportation are excluded. 12  4 13 10  Detroit's transit system is municipally operated and is excluded by definition from the scope of the study. 6 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A-series tables, but the division is represented in the ‘all industries’ and ‘nonmanufacturing’ estimates. 7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services; automobile repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit membership organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectur­ al services.  30  Appendix B. Occupational Descriptions  The primary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the Bureau’s wage surveys is o assist its field representatives in classifying into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment to establishment and from area to area. This permits grouping occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because of this emphasis on mterestabhshment and interarea comparability of occupational content, the Bureau’s job descriptions may differ significantly from those in use in individual establishments or those prepared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the Bureau’s nlrt ,^Pr?entatlVeS are mstracted to exclude working supervisors; apprentices; and part-time, temporary, and probationary workers. Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless specifically included in the job description, are excluded.  •  Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more responsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which are not typical of secretarial work, e.g., Administrative Assistant, or Executive Assistant;  e-  Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the sections below titled Level of Supervisor,’ e.g., secretary to the president of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons;  f-  Trainees.  Classification by Level. Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are  Office SECRETARY  Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual. Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activities of the supervisor Works tairly independently receiving a minimum of detailed supervision and guidance. Performs varied clerical and secretarial duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the organization, programs, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor. Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled ‘secretary’ possess the above characteristics examples of positions which are excluded from the definition are as follows:  matched at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary’s supervisor within the company’s organizational structure and, (b) the level of the secretary’s responsibility. The tabulation following the explanations of these two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the factors. Level ofSecretary’s Supervisor (LS) LS-1  Positions which do not meet the ‘personal’ secretary concept described above;  a.  b‘  Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;  b-  c-  Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of professional technical, or managerial persons;   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Secretary to the supervisor or head of a small organizational unit (e.g. fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional employee a mimstrative officer or assistant, skilled technician or expert. (NOTE: Many companies assign stenographers, rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)  Level ofSecretary’s Responsibility (LR)  LS-2  a.  b.  This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched at LR-1 or LR-2 described below according to their level of responsibility.  Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose responsibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in the definition for LS-3, but whose organizational unit normally numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, fewer than 5,000 persons.  LR-1 Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable to most of the following: a. b.  LS-3 a. b. c.  d. e.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, fewer than 100 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000  c. d. e.  persons; or Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) oyer either a major corporatewide functional activity (e.g., marketing, research, oper­ ations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major geographic or organizational segment (e.g., a regional headquarters; a major division) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 employees; or Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (Or other equivalent level of official) that employs, in all, over 5,000 persons; or Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational segment (e.g., a middle management supervisor of an organizational segment often involving as many as several hundred persons) of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000 persons.  b. c.  Performs duties described under LR-1 and, in addition performs tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge of office functions including or compara­ ble to most of the following: a. b. c.  Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5,000 persons; or Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of the board or president) of a company that employs, in all, over 5,000 but fewer than 25,000 persons; or Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that employs, in all, over 25,000  d. e.  persons.  Screens telephone and personal callers, determining which can be handled by the supervisor’s subordinates or other offices. Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of office procedures or collection of information from files or other offices. May sign routine correspondence in own or supervisor’s name. Compiles or assists in compiling periodic reports on the basis of general instructions. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. Assembles necessary background material for scheduled meetings. Makes arrange­ ments for meetings and conferences. Explains supervisor’s requirements to other employees in supervisor’s unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)  The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each LS and LR combination:  NOTE: The term ‘corporate officer' used in the above LS definition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy-making role with regard to major company activities. The title ‘vice president,’ though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases identify such positions. Vice presidents whose primary responsibili­ ty is to act personally on individual cases or transactions (e.g., approve or deny individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; directly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be ‘corporate officers’ for purposes of applying the definition.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  cy. Maintains supervisor’s calendar and makes appointments as instructed. Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.  LR-2  LS-4 a.  Answers telephones, greets personal callers, and opens incoming mail. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers. May reply to requests by sending a form letter. Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by others for the supervisor’s signature to ensure procedural and typographical accura­  LS-1.................... Ls_2...................................................... LS-3...................................................... L§_4......................................................  3  LR-1 Class E Class D Class C Class B  LR-2 Class D Class C Class B Class A  STENOGRAPHER  Primary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a stenographic pool. May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if primary duty is transcribing from recordings, see ranscnblng'Machlne Typist). NOTE: This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a secretary normally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager or executive and performs more responsible and discretionary tasks as described in the secretary job definition. Stenographer, Senior- Dictation involves a varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also set up and maintain tiles, keep records, etc., OR Performs stenographic duties requiring significantly greater independence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office procedure and of the specific business operations, organiza­ tion, policies procedures, files, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing stenographic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow-up files­ assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; composing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming mail; and answering routine questions, etc. 6 Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabulary. May maintain lies, keep simple records, or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST  Primary-duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written copy. May maintain files, keep simple records or perform other relatively routine clerical tasks. (See Stenographer definition for workers involved with shorthand dictation.) TYPIST  Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make out bills after calculations ha ve been made by another person. May include typing of stencils, mats, or similar materials for use in duplicating processes. May do clerical work involving little specia1 training, such as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and distributing incoming mail. & Cte A. Performs one or more of the following: Typing material in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or responsibility for correct spelling syllabication, punctuation, etc., of technical or unusual words or foreign language material; or planning layout and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit circumstances. Class B. Performs one or more of the following: Copy typing from rough or clear draftsor routme typing of forms, insurance policies, etc.; or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables already set up and spaced properly.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  FILE CLERK  Files classifies, and retrieves material in an established filing system. May perform  anf tharnilf taSkS ',CTired t0 maintain fi'es. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A. Classifies and indexes file material such as correspondence, reports, technical mattUeTfi eVm “ "? eStabl,sl?ed filln« system containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this material. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files. May lead a small group of lower level file clerks. 2aZr<l ST Cr0dfS’ and fl!e* Unclassified material by simple (subject matter) headings ,-rn^ r f matenal by finer subheadings. Prepares simple related index and oss-reference aids. As requested, locates clearly identified material in files and forwards material. May perform related clerical tasks required to maintain and service Cte C Performs routine filing of material that has already been classified or which is or numeriSfr 3 SlmP C T?’class,flcation syste™ (e.g., alphabetical, chronological, or numerical). As requested, locates readily available material in files and forwards ’ and™ay fil1 out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks required to maintain and service files. MESSENGER  Pe!0rms various r°utine duties such as running errands, operating minor office machines such as sealers or mailers, opening and distributing mail, and other minor significant duty. ^,C UdC P°Siti°nS ** °perabon of a -ETa SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR  fPRjnt™# 3 te,,eph°"e switchboard or console used with a private branch exchange PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem calls. May provide to, “ r Callers’ record and transmit messages, keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work (typing or routine clerical work may occupy the major con ole^r^f^H S timC’ 3nd 1S USUally Perf°rmed Whlle a* ‘he switchboard'or are ^ ^ operators ln establishments employing more than one operator &S3&&T 0P"“Or Wh° *“ Switohbourf SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST  At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as an operator-see Switchboard Operator—and as a receptionist. Receptionist’s work involves such duties as greeting visitors; determining nature of visitor’s business and providing appropriate '"“i f'™* •» appropriate person in the or6,»izatio„ 5, 2S that person by telephone and arranging an appointment; keeping a log of visitors. § ORDER CLERK  Receives written or verbal customers’ purchase orders for material or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availability of ordered items and  PAYROLL CLERK  suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer; furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following up to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice against original order. Exclude workers paid on a commission basis or whose duties include any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowledge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing selling skills; handling material or merchan­ dise as an integral part of the job. Positions are classified into levels according to the following definitions:  Performs the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to maintain payroll records. Work involves most of the following-. Processing workers’ time or production records; adjusting workers’ records for changes in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings; and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system, computes wages. Work may require a practical knowl­ edge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the computer system for processing payrolls. KEY ENTRY OPERATOR  Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch machine or keyoperated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing procedures and relevant data entry equipment. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Class A. Handles orders that involve making judgments such as choosing which specific product or material from the establishment’s product lines will satisfy the customer s needs, or determining the price to be quoted when pricing involves more than merely referring to a price list or making some simple mathematical calculations.  Class A. Work requires the application of experience and judgment in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting, selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents. On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.  Class B. Handles orders involving items which have readily identified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer’s manual, or similar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify price of ordered item. ACCOUNTING CLERK  NOTE: Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry controls to access, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of knowledge.  Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal consistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents; assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting, etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system. The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and recording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting terms and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions:  Class B. Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor problems arising from erroneous items, codes, or missing information.  Professional and Technical COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS  Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete description of all specifica­ tions needed to enable programmers to prepare required digital computer programs. Work involves most of the following-. Analyzes subject-matter operations to be automated and identifies conditions and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and types of records, files, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be performed by- personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and participates in trial runs of new and revised systems; and recommends equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)  Class A. Under general supervision, performs accounting clerical operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting transactions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or more class B accounting clerks. Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions and standardized procedures, performs one or more routine accounting clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated; checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed accounting codes.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  34  Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or systems analysts primarily concerned with scientific or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows: Class A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use requirements of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subject-matter personnel on the implications of new or revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for obtaining equipment. May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example, develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises subjectmatter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems to be applied, OR Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or system, as described for class A. Works independently on routine assignments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to insure proper alignment with the overall system. Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and skills required for systems analysis work. For example, may assist a higher level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by programmers from information developed by the higher level analyst. COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS  Converts statements of business problems, typically prepared by a systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are required to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment. Working from charts or diagrams, the program­ mer develops the precise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work involves most of the following-. Applies knowledge of computer capabilities, mathemat­ ics, logic employed by computers, and particular subject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  programs, prepares instructions for operating personnel during production run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating efficiency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program development and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems analysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.) Does not include employees primarily responsible for the management or supervision of other electronic data processing employees, or programmers primarily concerned with scientific and/or engineering problems. For wage study purposes, programmers are classified as follows: ctoss A. Works independently or under only general direction on complex problems which require competence in all phases of programming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products. At this level, programming is difficult because computer equipment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse products from numerous and diverse data elements. A wide variety and extensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires such actions as development of common operations which can be reused, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a highly integrated program. May provide functional direction to lower level programmers who are assigned to assist. Class B. Works independently or under only general direction on relatively simple programs, or on simple segments of complex programs. Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two or three varied sequences or formats. Reports and listings are produced by refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically, the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations, OR Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under close direction of a higher level programmer or supervisor. May assist higher level programmer by independently performing less difficult tasks assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction. May guide or instruct lower level programmers. C/ass C. Makes practical applications of programming practices and concepts usually learned in formal training courses. Assignments are designed to develop competence in the application of standard procedures to routine problems. Receives close supervision on new aspects of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance with required procedures. COMPUTER OPERATOR  In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by either serial processing  guidance to the operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience with a program, however, the operator works fairly independently in applying standard operating or corrective procedures in responding to computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.  (processes one program at a time) or multiprocessing (processes two or more programs simultaneously). The following duties characterize the work of a computer operator: • • • • • • •  Studies operating instructions to determine equipment setup needed. Loads equipment with required items (tapes, cards, disks, paper, etc.). Switches necessary auxiliary equipment into system. Starts and operates computer. Responds to operating and computer output instructions. Reviews error messages and makes corrections during operation or refers problems. Maintains operating record.  PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR  Operates peripheral equipment which directly supports digital computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically connected to a computer. Printers, plotters, card read/punches, tape readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units are examples of such equipment. The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment operator:  May test-run new or modified programs. May assist in modifying systems or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote terminals.  • • •  Class A. In addition to work assignments described for a class B operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one of the following: • • • •  • •  Deviates from standard procedures to avoid the loss of information or to conserve computer time even though the procedures applied materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Tests new programs, applications, and procedures. Advises programmers and subject-matter experts on setup techniques. Assists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating systems or programs; (2) developing operating instructions and techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working knowledge of program language, computer features, and software systems).  •  This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a control console (see computer operator) or a remote terminal, or (2) whose duties are limited to operating decollates, bursters, separators, or similar equipment. COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN  Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging, and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs to damaged tapes.  An operator at this level typically guides lower level operators. Class B. In addition to established production runs, work assignments include runs involving new programs, applications, and procedures (i.e., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems). At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error condi­ tions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation does not materially alter the computer unit’s production plans. Refers the problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a solution. May guide lower level operators.  DRAFTER  Performs drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting methods, proce­ dures, and techniques. Prepares drawings of structures, mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other similar equipment, systems, and assemblies. Uses recognized systems of symbols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings. Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and information in support of engineering functions. The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose of the job:  Class C. Work assignments are limited to established production runs (i.e., programs which present few operating problems). Assignments may consist primarily of on-thejob training (sometimes augmented by classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a higher level operator provides detailed written or oral   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting controls for forms, thickness, tension, printing density, and location; and unloading hard copy. Labelling tape reels, disks, or card decks. Checking labels and mounting and dismounting designated tape reels or disks on specified units or drives. Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment. Observing panel lights for warnings and error indications and taking appropriate action. Examining tapes, cards, or other material for creases, tears, or other defects which could cause processing problems.  •  36  Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability to conceive or originate designs;  *  Illustrating work requiring artistic ability; Work involving the preparation of charts, diagrams, room arrangements floor plans, etc.; Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats and related materials, and drawings of geological structures; and Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program or the supervision of drafters.  Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions. Class A. Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings of unusual, complex or ongma! designs which require a high degree of precision. Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. Assures that anticipated problems in manufacture, assembly, installation, and operation are resolved by the drawings produced. Exercises independent judgment in selecting and interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working primarily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work in interpreting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing design details May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects. C,!aS\ B: PrePares complete sets of complex drawings which include multiple views detail drawings, and assembly drawings. Drawings include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical formulas to compute weights, load capacities dimensions, quantities of materials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments. Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers’ catalogs, and technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered. Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice on unusually difficult problems. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing work of similar difficulty to that described at this *e„ bu‘who provide support for a variety of organizations which have widely differing functions or requirements. Class C. Prepares various drawings of parts and assemblies, including sectional profiles irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the terms and procedures of the industry. Familiar or recurring work is assigned in general terms; unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results; more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict the desired product. Class D. Prepares drawings of simple, easily visualized parts or equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed instructions on new assignments gives guidance when questions arise, and reviews completed work for accuracy.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Class K Working under close supervision, traces or copies finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate templates to draw curved lines. Assign­ ments are designed to develop increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spot-checked during progress and reviewed upon completion. NOTE: Exclude drafters performing elementary tasks while receiving training in the most basic drafting methods. ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN  Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining, repairing, overhauling troubleshooting modifying, constructing, and testing. Work requires practical applicatlQ" ?frhnlCaI knOW'edge ofeleclronics principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in required operating condition. The equipment-consisting of either many different kinds of circuits or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit—includes, but is not limited to, the following: (a) electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g., radar, radio, television, tele­ phone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling equipment. This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic equipment as common office machines and household radio and television sets; production assemb­ lers and testers; workers whose primary duty is servicing electronic test instrumentstechnicians who have administrative or supervisory responsibility; and drafters’ designers, and professional engineers. Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions: Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually complex problems those that typically cannot be solved solely by reference to manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understan­ ding of the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in perfor­ ming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave forms, tracing relation­ ships in signal flow; and regularly using complex text instruments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q-meters, deviation meters, pulse generators). Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians. Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve complex problems (i.e. those that typically can be solved solely by properly interpreting manufacturers’ manuals or similar documents) in working on electronic equipment. Work involves- A familiarity with the interrelationships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting tools and testing instructions, usually less complex than those used by the class A technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower level technicians  Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed instructions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments (e.g., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to increase competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance to higher level technician. Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review when new or advanced assignments are involved. REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE  A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or suffer an accident on the premises of a factory or other establishment. Duties involve a combination ofthefollowing-. Giving first aid to the ill or injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees’ injuries; keeping records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of applicants and employees; and planning and carrying out programs involving health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or other activities affecting the health, welfare, and safety of all personnel. Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than one nurse are excluded.  Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant MAINTENANCE CARPENTER  Performs the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters, benches, partitions, doors, floors, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, models, or verbal instructions; using a variety of carpenter’s handtools, portable power tools, and standard measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In general, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN  Performs a variety of electrical trade functions such as the installation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, distribution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves most of the following- Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical equipment such as generators, transformers, switchboards, control­ lers, circuit breakers, motors, heating units, conduit systems, or other transmission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other specifications, locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician’s handtools and measuring and testing instruments. In general,   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  the work of the maintenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE PAINTER  Paints and redecorates walls, woodwork, and fixtures of an establishment. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors, oils, white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or consistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MACHINIST  Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of metal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifications; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of machinist’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals; selecting standard materials, parts, and equipment required for this work; and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the machinist’s work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)  Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs; preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprentice­ ship or equivalent training and experience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary duties involve setting up or adjusting machines. MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)  Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and performing repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges, drills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; reassembling and installing the various assemblies in the vehicle and making necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance mechanic requires  rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. This classification does not include mechanics who repair customers’ vehicles in automobile repair shops. MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER  Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Laying out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe­ cutting machines; threading pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers; making standard shop computations relating to pressures, flow, and size of pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes meet specifications. In genera), the work of the maintenance pipefitter requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems are excluded. MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL WORKER  Fabricates, installs, and maintains in good repair the sheet-metal equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves, lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out all types of sheet-metal maintenance work from blueprints, models, or other specifications; setting up and operating all available types of sheetmetal working machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping, fitting, and assembling; and installing sheet-metal articles as required. In general, the work of the maintenance sheet-metal worker requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MILLWRIGHT  Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are required. Work involves most of the following-. Planning and laying out work; interpreting blueprints or other specifica­ tions; using a variety of handtools and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to stresses, strength of materials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment; selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and maintaining in good order power transmission equipment such as drives and speed reducers. In general, the millwright’s work normally requires a rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER  Assists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a worker supplied with materials and tools; cleaning working area, machine, and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In some   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also performed by workers on a full-time basis. MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)  Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine tool (e.g., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to machine metal for use in making or maintaining jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine tool or tools (e.g., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined; determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances. May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils, to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through considerable on-thejob training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include machinetool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing shops. TOOL AND DIE MAKER  Constructs and repairs jigs, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic material (e.g., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically involves-. Planning and laying out work according to models, blueprints, drawings, or other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate materials, tools, and processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations; setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using various tool and die maker’s handtools and precision measuring instruments; working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to prescribed tolerances and allowances. In general, the tool and die maker’s work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers). STATIONARY ENGINEER  Operates and maintains one or more systems which provide an establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify, dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-temperature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of the system’s operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient operation of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording in logs  Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e.g., manifests, bills of lading. Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following: Verifying the correct­ ness of incoming shipments by comparing items and quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, manifests, storage receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received. For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:  various aspects of the system’s operation; keeping the engines, machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order. May direct and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in performing tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or systems. The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale. BOILER TENDER  Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature water for use in an establishment. Fires boiler. Observes and interprets readings on gauges, meters, and charts which register various aspects of boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler operation and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water. May also do one or more of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist in repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods, treat boiler water with chemicals and analyze boiler water for such things as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity. The classification excludes workers in establishments producing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.  Shipper Receiver Shipper and receiver WAREHOUSEMAN  As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most of the following-. Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving documents, noting and reporting discrep­ ancies and obvious damages; routing materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and taking inventory of stored materials; examining stored materials and reporting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing warehousing duties. Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and receiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling (see Order Filler), or operating power trucks (see Power-Truck Operator).  Material Movement and Custodial TRUCKDRIVER  Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport materials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of establishments such as: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses, wholesale and retail establishments, or between retail establishments and customers’ houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck with or without helpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded. For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and rated capacity of truck, as follows:  ORDER FILLER  Fills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers’ orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and indicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other related duties.  Truckdriver, light truck (straight truck, under 1 1/2 tons, usually 4 wheels) Truckdriver, medium truck (straight truck, 1 1/2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels) Truckdriver, heavy truck (straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels) Truckdriver, tractor-trailer  SHIPPING PACKER  Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container employed, and method of shipment. Work requires the placing of items in shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following-. Knowledge of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container. Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.  SHIPPER AND RECEIVER  Performs clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming shipments. In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established guidelines. In handling unusual nonrou­ tine problems, receives specific guidance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being received.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  40  MATERIAL HANDLING LABORER  A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or other establish­ ment whose duties involve one or more of the following-. Loading and unloading various materials and merchandise on or from freight cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow. Longshore workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded. POWER-TRUCK OPERATOR  Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-powered truck or tractor to transport goods and materials of all kinds about a warehouse, manufacturing plant, or other establishment. For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows: Forklift operator Power-truck operator (other than forklift)  Class A. Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with emergencies and security violations encountered. Determines whether first response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to report situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical fitness and proficiency with firearms or other special weapons. Class B. Carries out instructions primarily oriented toward insuring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which require minimal action to safeguard property or persons. Duties require minimal training. Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate proficiency in the use of firearms or special weapons.  GUARD  JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER  Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on foot or by motor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized to make arrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering questions and giving directions. Guards employed by establishments which provide protective services on a contract basis are included in this occupation. For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:  Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and washrooms, or premises of an office, apartment house, or commercial or other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following-. Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or trimmings; providing supplies and minor maintenance services; and cleaning lavatories, showers, and restrooms. Workers who specialize in window washing are excluded.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Service Contract Act Surveys The following areas are surveyed per­ iodically for use in administering the Service Contract Act of 1965. Survey results are published in releases which are available, at no cost, while supplies last from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover. Alaska (statewide) Albany, Ga. Albuquerque, N. Mex. Alexandria-Leesville, La. Alpena-Standish-Tawas City, Mich. Ann Arbor, Mich. Asheville, N.C. Atlantic City, N.J. Augusta, Ga.-S.C. Austin, Tex. Bakersfield, Calif. Baton Rouge, La. Beaumont-Port Arthur-Orange and Lake Charles, Tex.-La. Biloxi-Gulfport and PascagoulaMoss Point, Miss. Binghamton, N.Y. Birmingham, Ala. Bremerton-Shelton, Wash. Brunswick, Ga. Cedar Rapids, Iowa Champaign-Urbana-Rantoul, 111. Charleston-North CharlestonWalterboro, S.C. Cheyenne, Wyo. Clarksville-Hopkinsville, Tenn.-Ky.   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  Colorado Springs, Colo. Columbia-Sumter, S.C. Columbus, Ga.-Ala. Columbus, Miss. Connecticut (statewide) Dothan, Ala. Duluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis. El Paso-Alamogordo-Las Cruces, Tex.-N. Mex. Eugene-Springfield-Medford, Oreg. Fayetteville, N.C. Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla. Fort Wayne, Ind. Frederick-HagerstownChambersburg, Md.-Pa. Gadsden and Anniston, Ala. Goldsboro, N.C. Guam, Territory of Knoxville, Tenn. La Crosse-Sparta, Wis. Laredo, Tex. Lexington-Fayette, Ky. Lima, Ohio Little Rock-North Little Rock, Ark. Logansport-Peru, Ind. Lower Eastern Shore, Md.-Va.-Del. Macon, Ga. Madison, Wis. Maine (statewide) Mansfield, Ohio McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg and Brownsville-Harlingen- San Benito, Tex. Meridian, Miss.  Middlesex, Monmouth, and Ocean Counties, N.J. Mobile-Pensacola-Panama City, Ala.Fla. Montana (statewide) Montgomery, Ala. Nashville-Davidson, Tenn. New Bern-Jacksonville, N.C. New Hampshire (statewide) North Dakota (statewide) Northern New York Northwest Texas Orlando, Fla. Oxnard-Simi Valley-Ventura, Calif. Peoria, 111. Pine Bluff, Ark. Pueblo, Colo. Puerto Rico Raleigh-Durham, N.C. Reno, Nev. Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, Calif. Salina, Kans. Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. Savannah, Ga. Selma, Ala. Sherman-Denison, Tex. Shreveport, La. South Dakota (statewide) Southeastern Massachusetts Southern Idaho Southwest Virginia Spokane, Wash.  Springfield, 111. Stockton, Calif. Tacoma, Wash. Topeka, Kans. Tucson-Douglas, Ariz. Tulsa, Okla. Upper Peninsula, Mich. Vallejo-Fairfield-Napa, Calif. Vermont (statewide) Virgin Islands of the U.S. Waco and Killeen-Temple, Tex. Waterloo-Cedar Falls, Iowa West Virginia (statewide) Western and Northern Massachusetts Wichita Falls-Lawton-Altus, Tex.Okla. Yakima-Richland-KennewickPendleton, Wash.-Oreg. ALSO A VAILABLE— An annual report on salaries for ac­ countants, auditors, chief accountants, attorneys, job analysts, directors of per­ sonnel, buyers, chemists, engineers, en­ gineering technicians, drafters, and cler­ ical employees is available. Order as BLS Bulletin 2045, National Survey of Professional, Administrative, Technical and Clerical Pay, March 1979, $3.00 a copy, from any of the BLS regional sales offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.  Area Wage Surveys A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superin­ tendent of Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years 1970 through 1977, is available on request.  Bulletin number and price*  Area Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 .......................................................... Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N.Y., Sept. 1979........................... Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif., Oct. 1979. . Atlanta, Ga., May 1979 .......................................................'' Baltimore, Md., Aug. 1979 ................................................. Billings, Mont., July 1979 ....................................................... Birmingham, Ala., Mar. 1978 ................................................. Boston, Mass., Aug. 1979 ................................................. Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 1979 ................................................... Canton, Ohio, May 1978 ................................................. Chattanooga, Tenn.—Ga., Sept. 1979 .................................... Chicago, 111., May 1979 .....................................................’ ’ ’ Cincinnati, Ohio—Ky.—Ind., July 1979’ .............................. Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1979.......................................... Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1979 ................................................. Corpus Christi, Tex., July 1979’.......................................... Dallas—Fort Worth, Tex., Dec. 1979.................................. '’ Davenport—Rock Island—Moline, Iowa—111., Feb. 1980’ ... Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1979 ......................................................... Daytona Beach, Fla,, Aug. 1979' .......................................... Denver—Boulder, Colo., Dec. 1979 ................................ '"'. Detroit, Mich., Mar. 1980 ....................................................... Fresno, Calif., June 1979 ..................................................... Gainesville, Fla., Sept. 1979............................................... Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., Oct. 19791............... Green Bay, Wis., July 1979 ..................................................... Greensboro—Winston-Salem—High Point, N.C., Aug. 1979 Greenville—Spartanburg, S.C., June 1979'.............................  \\\  Hartford, Tex., Conn., Mar. 1979....................................................... .............................................. Houston, Apr. 1979 Huntsville, Ala., Feb. 1979 ..................................................... Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979.............................................. Jackson, Miss., Jan. 1980 ........................................’ ’ ^ ’ ’' ’ Jacksonville, Fla., Dec. 1979' .......................................... Kansas City, Mo.—Kans., Sept. 19791 ...................................’ Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., Oct. 1979 ......................... Louisville, Ky.—Ind., Nov. 1979 .............................................   https://fraser.stlouisfed.org Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  2050-42 2050-43 2025-15 2050-50 2050-65 2025-22 2050-39 2050-21 2050-28 2050-47 2050-61 2050-33 2050-67 3000- 5 2050-64 2050-41 2050-72 3000- 7 2050-25 2050-45 2050-60 2050-31 2050-49 2050-29 2050-12 2050-15 2050- 3 2050-54 3000- 2 2050-69 2050-58 2050-59 2050-66  $1.00 $1.50 $1.50 $1.30 $1.75 $1.50 $0.80 $1.75 $2.25 $0.70 $1.50 $1.75 $2.00 $1.75 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.25 $2.00 $1.50 $2.25 $2.25 $1.50 $1.50 $2.25 $1.50 $1.50 $1.75 $1.10 $1.30 $1.00 $2.25 $1.75 $2.25 $2.75 $2.25 $2.00  Area  Bulletin number and price*  Memphis, Tenn.—Ark.—Miss.,Nov. 1979'..................................................... 2050-56 Miami, Fla., Oct. 1979 ..................................................................................... 2050-55 Milwaukee, Wis., Apr. 1979 ............................................................................ 2050- 8 Minneapolis—St. Paul, Minn.—Wis., Jan. 1980 ........................................... 3000- 1 Nassau—Suffolk, N.Y., June 1979.................................................................. 2050-36 Newark, N.J., Jan. 1979 .................................................................................. 2050- 5 New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979 ............................................................................ 2050-53 New York, N.Y.—N.J., May 1979 .................................................................. 2050-30 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979' ................... 2050-22 Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth and Newport News— Hampton, Va.—N.C., May 1978 ................................................................ 2025-21 Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1979'................................................................. 2050-32 Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1979 ...............................................................’’ 2050-37 Omaha, Nebr.—Iowa, Oct. 1979 .................................................................... 2050-51 Paterson—Clifton—Passaic, N.J., June 1979................................................. 2050-26 Philadelphia, Pa.—N.J., Nov. 1979'...........................................................’' 2050-57 Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1980 .................................................................... ’ ^ ’ ’ 3000. 3 Portland, Maine, Dec. 1979...................................... ................. 2050-63 Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1979 ............................................................ .. 2050-27 Poughkeepsie, N.Y., June 1979........................................................................ 2050-34 Poughkeepsie—Kingston—Newburgh, N.Y., June 1979 ................................ 2050-35 Providence—Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—Mass., June 1979'....................... 2050-38 Richmond, Va., June 1979................................................................................ 2050-24 St. Louis, Mo.—111., Mar. 1979'...................................................................... 2050-13 Sacramento, Calif., Dec. 1979.................................................................’ ’ ’ ’ ’ 2050-71 Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979'.............................................................................. 2050-52 Salt Lake City—Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1979 ................. 2050-62 San Antonio, Tex., May 1979 ..................................................' ^ ^ ^ ^ 2050-17 San Diego, Calif., Nov. 1979 ............................................................................ 2050-70 San Francisco—Oakland, Calif., Mar. 1979 ............................................... ’ ’ 2050-14 San Jose, Calif., Mar. 1980 .............................................................................. 3000- 6 Seattle—Everett, Wash., Dec. 1979'................................................................ 2050-68 South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1979' .................................................................... ' 2050-44 Toledo, Ohio—Mich., May 1979 ..................... 2060 16 Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1979..............................................!!!!!!!!!! !!!!! 1!! 2050-40 Utica—Rome, N.Y., July 1978 ........................................................................ 2025-34 Washington, D.C.—Md.—Va., Mar. 1980 ..................................................... 3000- 4 Wichita, Kans., Apr. 1979 ............................................................ 2050-18 Worcester, Mass., Apr. 1979 ............................................................................ 2050-23 York, Pa., Feb. 1979......................................................................................... 2050- 6 Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change. Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.  $2 25 $2 25 $130 $225  $L75 $130 $2 25 $L75 $L75 $0.80 $175  $1,50 $L50 $150 $3 00 j2 25 $1 75 $1 75  $L50 $150 $175  $150 $150 $L75 $175 $7 no  $1 00  $2 00  $L20 $2 00  $2 25 $1 75 ti 10  t\$1.00 fo $2^25 $1 00 $150 $1.00  Postage and Fees Paid U.S. Department of Labor  U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics Washington, D.C. 20212  Third Class Mail  Official Business Penalty for private use, $300  Lab-441  Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices Region I  Region II  Region III  Region IV  1603 JFK Federal Building Government Center Boston, Mass 02203 Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)  Suite 3400 1515 Broadway New York, N Y 10036 Phone: 944-3121 (Area Code 212)  3535 Market Street, PO Box 13309 Philadelphia. Pa 19101 Phone 596-1154 (Area Code 215)  Suite 540 1371 Peachtree St.. N.E. 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