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AREA WAGE SURVEY
T h e B u ffa lo , N e w Y o rk , M e tro p o lita n A re a ,
O c t o b e r 1971

B u lle tin 1 7 2 5 - 3 4
U.S. D EPA RTM ENT OF LABOR / Bureau of Labor Statistics

B U R E A U O F L A B O R S T A T IS T IC S

R E G IO N A L O F F IC E S

ALASKA

Region il
151 5 Broadway
New York, N.Y. 10036
Phone: 971-5405 (Area Code 212)

Region III
406 Penn Square Building
1317 Filbert St.
Philadelphia, Pa. 19107
Phone: 597-7796 (Area Code 215)

Region IV
Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St. NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone: 526-5418 (Area Code 404)

Region VI
Region V
8th Floor, 300 South Wacker Drive
1100 Commerce St., Rm. 6B7
Chicago, III. 60606
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 3 5 3 -1880 (Area Code 312)
Phone: 749-3516 (Area Code 214)

Regions V II and V III
Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 10th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

Regions IX and X
450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone: 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Region I
1603-JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass. 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (Area Code 617)

Regions V II and V III will be serviced by Kansas City.
Regions IX and X will be serviced by San Francisco.




E S U R V E Y

B u lle tin 1725-34
A p r il 1 9 7 2

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, J. D. Hodgson, Secretary
BUR EA U OF LABOR S TA TIS TIC S, Geoffrey H. Moore, Commissioner

T h e B u ffa lo , N e w Y o r k , M e tro p o lita n A re a , O c to b e r 1971
C O N TE N T S
Page

1.
4.

In tr o d u c tio n
W age t r e n d s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s

T a b le s :
1.
2.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and n u m b e r s tu d ie d
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l
g r o u p s , a n d p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e f o r s e l e c t e d p e r io d s

A.
9.
11.
12.
13.
14 .

O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A -l.
O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — SA— e n an d w o m e n
SM
m
A - l a . O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n an d w o m e n
m
A - l b . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g — r ie C o u n ty -m e n and w o m e n
m
E
A - l c . O ffic e o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g —N ia g a r a C o u n ty -m e n an d w o m e n
m
A -2 .
P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — SA— e n an d w o m e n
SM
m
A - 2 a . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n an d w o m e n
l
m

15.

A-2b. Professional and technical occupations—
manufacturing—
Erie County—
men and women

15.
16.
17.
18.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
25.
27.
28.

A - 2 c . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g — ia g a r a C ou nty— e n and w o m e n
m
N
m
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — SA— e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d
SM
m
A - 3 a . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s — e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d
m
A - 3 b . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g — r ie C ou n ty— e n an d w o m e n c o m b in e d
m
E
m
A - 3 c . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g — ia g a r a C o u n ty — e n and w o m e n c o m b in e d
m
N
m
A -4 .
M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s —SM SA
A - 4 a . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s —l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
A - 4 b . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g —E r ie C o u n ty
m
A - 4 c . M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g —N ia g a r a C o u n ty
m
A - 5.
C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —SM SA
A - 5 a . C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —la r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
A - 5 b . C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g — r ie C o u n ty
m
E
A - 5 c . C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s — a n u fa c tu r in g —N ia g a r a C o u n ty
m

3.
5.

6.

31.

A p p e n d ix .




O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r ip t io n s

F o r sale by th e S u p erin ten d en t o f D ocum ents, U .S . G o vern m en t P rinting O ffic e , W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 — Price 4 5 cents

P re fa c e
The B u reau o f L ab or S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m of annual o c c u p a ­
t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s i s d e s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta
o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It y i e l d s d e t a ile d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y
d i v i s i o n fo r e a c h o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , and fo r
th e U n ite d S t a t e s . A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m i s th e n e e d
fo r g r e a t e r i n s ig h t in to (1) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s by o c c u p a t io n a l
c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , an d (2) th e s t r u c t u r e and l e v e l o f w a g e s
a m o n g a r e a s a n d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

Note:
S i m i la r r e p o r t s a r e a v a ila b le f o r o t h e r a r e a s .
b a c k c o v e r .)

A c u r r e n t r e p o r t o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s an d s u p p le m e n ­
t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s in th e B u ffa lo a r e a i s a l s o a v a ila b le fo r
th e m a c h i n e r y i n d u s t r i e s ( N o v e m b e r 1 9 7 0 ).
U n io n w a g e r a t e s ,
in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a il i n g p a y l e v e l s , a r e a v a i la b le fo r b u ild in g
c o n s t r u c t io n ; p r in tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a t in g e m p l o y e e s ; l o c a l
t r u c k d r i v e r s and h e l p e r s ; an d g r o c e r y s t o r e e m p l o y e e s .

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , an in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in p r e ­
s e n t s th e r e s u l t s .
A fte r c o m p le t io n o f a l l in d iv id u a l a r e a b u lle t in s
fo r a r o u n d o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d . T h e f i r s t
b r in g s d a ta f o r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d i ­
v id u a l m e t r o p o l i t a n a r e a d a ta to r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s and th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
N in e ty a r e a s c u r r e n t l y a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o g r a m . In e a c h
a r e a , in f o r m a t io n o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly an d on
e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .
T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in B u ffa lo , N .Y .,
in O c to b e r 1 9 7 1 . T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e ­
f in e d b y th e O ffic e o f M a n a g e m e n t an d B u d g e t ( f o r m e r ly th e B u r e a u
o f th e B u d g e t) th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f E r ie a n d N ia g a r a
C o u n t ie s .
T h is s tu d y w a s c o n d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o f f i c e
in N e w Y o r k , N .Y ., u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f A lv in I. M a r g u lis ,
A s s i s t a n t R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




(S e e i n s i d e

ii

In tr o d u ctio n
T h i s a r e a i s 1 o f 90 i n w h i c h t h e U . S . D e p a r t m e n t of L a b o r ' s
B u r e a u of L abor S ta tis tic s condu cts su r v e y s of o ccu p ation al ea rn in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s on an a r e a w i d e b a s i s . 1

t h e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b e c a u s e e i t h e r ( l ) e m p l o y m e n t in th e o c c u p a t i o n i s
t o o s m a l l t o p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a t a to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t i o n , o r (2) t h e r e i s
p o s s i b i l i t y of d i s c l o s u r e of in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t data.
E a rn in g s
d a t a not s h o w n s e p a r a t e l y f o r i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s a r e i n c l u d e d in th e
o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n w h en a s u b c la s s ific a tio n of s e c r e t a r i e s or tru ck d r i v e r s i s not s h o w n o r i n f o r m a t i o n to s u b c l a s s i f y i s n o t a v a i l a b l e .

T h i s b u l l e t i n p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in fo r m a tio n o b ta in ed l a r g e l y by m a i l f r o m the e s t a b lis h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m i s t s in th e l a s t p r e v i o u s s u r v e y f o r
o c c u p a t i o n s r e p o r t e d i n th a t e a r l i e r st u d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n t s an d t o t h o s e r e s p o n d e n t s r e p o r t i n g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v i o u s s u r v e y .

O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t an d e a r n i n g s d a t a a r e s h o w n f o r
f u l l - t im e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r eg u la r w e e k ly sc h e d u le .
E a r n i n g s d a ta e x c l u d e p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k on
w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and l a t e s h i f t s . N o n p r o d u c t i o n b o n u s e s a r e e x ­
c l u d e d , b u t c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a l l o w a n c e s and i n c e n t i v e e a r n i n g s a r e i n ­
clu ded.
W here w e e k ly h o u rs a r e r e p o r te d , as for o ffice c le r i c a l
o c c u p a t i o n s , r e f e r e n c e i s t o t h e s t a n d a r d w o r k w e e k ( r o u n d e d to the
n e a r e s t h a l f hou r) f o r w h i c h e m p l o y e e s r e c e i v e t h e i r r e g u l a r s t r a i g h t t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s i v e of p a y f o r o v e r t i m e at r e g u l a r a n d / o r p r e ­
m iu m ra tes).
A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a rn in g s for th e s e occu p ation s have
b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a l f d o l l a r .

In e a c h a r e a , d a t a a r e o b t a i n e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
lis h m e n t s w ith in s ix b r o a d in d u str y d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; t r a n s ­
p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t i o n , an d o t h e r p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s ; w h o l e s a l e t r a d e ;
r e t a i l t r a d e ; f i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , an d r e a l e s t a t e ; an d s e r v i c e s . M a j o r
ind ustry groups exclud ed fro m th e se stu dies a re g o v ern m en t o p e r a ­
t i o n s and t h e c o n s t r u c t i o n and e x t r a c t i v e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b l i s h m e n t s
havin g fe w e r than a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b er of w o r k e r s a r e o m itted b e c a u s e
t h e y t e n d to f u r n i s h i n s u f f i c i e n t e m p l o y m e n t i n t h e o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d
to w a r r a n t i n c l u s i o n .
S e p a r a t e t a b u l a t i o n s a r e p r o v i d e d f o r e a c h of
the b r o a d in d u str y d i v i s i o n s w h ich m e e t p u b lica tio n c r i t e r i a .

T h e s e s u r v e y s m e a s u r e t h e l e v e l o f o c c u p a t i o n a l e a r n i n g s in
an a r e a at a p a r t i c u l a r t i m e . C o m p a r i s o n s o f i n d i v i d u a l o c c u p a t i o n a l
a v e r a g e s o v e r t i m e m a y not r e f l e c t e x p e c t e d w a g e c h a n g e s .
The
a v e r a g e s f o r i n d i v i d u a l j o b s a r e a f f e c t e d b y c h a n g e s in w a g e s and
e m p l o y m e n t p a t t e r n s . F o r e x a m p l e , p r o p o r t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d
b y h i g h - or l o w - w a g e f i r m s m a y c h a n g e o r h i g h - w a g e w o r k e r s m a y
a d v a n c e to b e t t e r j o b s an d b e r e p l a c e d b y n e w w o r k e r s at l o w e r r a t e s .
S u c h s h i f t s in e m p l o y m e n t c o u l d d e c r e a s e a n o c c u p a t i o n a l a v e r a g e e v e n
t h o u g h m o s t e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in a n a r e a i n c r e a s e w a g e s d u r in g t h e y e a r .
T r e n d s i n e a r n i n g s o f o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p s , s h o w n in t a b l e 2, a r e b e t t e r
i n d i c a t o r s o f w a g e t r e n d s t h a n i n d i v i d u a l j o b s w i t h i n the g r o u p s .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c t e d on a s a m p l e b a s i s b e c a u s e of
the u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a ll e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b t a i n o p t i m u m a c c u r a c y at m i n i m u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r t i o n of
l a r g e than o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s t u d i e d . In c o m b i n i n g t h e d a t a ,
h o w ev e r, a ll e s ta b lis h m e n ts a re g iv en th e ir a p p rop riate w eight. E s ­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t i n g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e i n d u s t r y g r o u p i n g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t f o r t h o s e b e l o w th e m i n i m u m s i z e s t u d i e d .
O c c u p a t i o n s an d E a r n i n g s
T h e o c c u p a t i o n s s e l e c t e d f o r s t u d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r i e t y
o f m a n u f a c t u r i n g and n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g i n d u s t r i e s , a n d a r e o f the
follow in g ty p e s:
( l ) O f f i c e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l ;
(3) m a i n t e n a n c e an d p o w e r p l a n t ; an d (4) c u s t o d i a l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e ­
m ent.
O c c u p a t i o n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d o n a u n i f o r m s e t o f job
d e s c r i p t i o n s d e s i g n e d to t a k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t v a r i a t i o n
in d u tie s w ith in the s a m e job.
T he o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r study
a r e l i s t e d an d d e s c r i b e d i n t h e a p p e n d i x . U n l e s s o t h e r w i s e i n d i c a t e d ,
the e a r n in g s data fo llo w in g the job t i t l e s a r e fo r a ll i n d u s t r i e s c o m ­
b i n e d . E a r n i n g s d a t a f o r s o m e o f t h e o c c u p a t i o n s l i s t e d and d e s c r i b e d ,
o r f o r s o m e i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w i t h i n o c c u p a t i o n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in
1
In cluded in th e 90 areas a re four studies co n d u c ted u n d er c o n tra c t w ith th e N ew Y ork S tate
D e p a rtm e n t of Labor. T hese areas are B ingham ton (N ew Y ork p o rtio n only) R o ch e ster (o ffic e o c c u p a ­
tions only); S yracuse; and U tic a -R o m e . In a d d itio n , th e Bureau co nducts m o re liip ite d a re a studies in
65 areas a t th e req u est of th e E m p lo y m e n t Standards A d m in istratio n of tire U. S. D e p a rtm e n t of Labor.




1

The a v e r a g e s p r e se n te d r eflec t c o m p o site , areaw id e e s t i ­
m ates.
I n d u s t r i e s an d e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d i f f e r i n p a y l e v e l and job
s t a f f i n g a n d , t h u s , c o n t r i b u t e d i f f e r e n t l y to t h e e s t i m a t e s f o r e a c h job.
T h e p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m the a v e r a g e s m a y f a il to r e f le c t
a c c u r a t e l y t h e w a g e s p r e a d o r d i f f e r e n t i a l m a i n t a i n e d a m o n g j o b s in
i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i l a r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
f o r m e n and w o m e n i n a n y o f t h e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s h o u l d not b e
a s s u m e d t o r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f t h e s e x e s w i t h i n
in d ivid u al e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
O ther p o s s i b l e fa c to r s w h ic h m a y c o n ­
t r i b u t e to d i f f e r e n c e s i n p a y f o r m e n and w o m e n i n c l u d e : D i f f e r e n c e s
in p r o g r e s s i o n w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h e d r a t e r a n g e s , s i n c e o n l y t h e a c t u a l
r a t e s pa id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f ic d u tie s
p e r f o r m e d , a lthough the w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in
t h e s a m e s u r v e y j o b d e s c r i p t i o n . J o b d e s c r i p t i o n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g

2

e m p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d t h a n t h o s e
u s e d in i n d i v i d u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d a l l o w f o r m i n o r d i f f e r e n c e s
a m o n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in the s p e c i f ic d u ties p e r f o r m e d .
O c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t t h e t o t a l in a l l
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h i n t h e s c o p e o f t h e s t u d y and not th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a lly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e of d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l st r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , t h e e s t i m a t e s of o c c u p a t i o n a l e m p l o y m e n t o b ta in e d fr o m
t h e s a m p l e o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s t u d i e d s e r v e o n l y to i n d i c a t e t h e r e l a t i v e
im p o r ta n c e of the jo b s stu died .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f t h e e a r n i n g s data.




E s t a b l i s h m e n t P r a c t i c e s an d S u p p l e m e n t a r y W a g e P r o v i s i o n s

T a b u l a t i o n s o n s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p l e ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b l e s ) a r e not p r e s e n t e d i n t h i s
b u lletin .
In form ation for th e s e tab u lation s is c o lle c t e d b ien n ia lly .
T h e s e t a b u l a t i o n s on m i n i m u m e n t r a n c e s a l a r i e s f o r i n e x p e r i e n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s; s h i f t d i f f e r e n t i a l s ; s c h e d u l e d w e e k l y h o u r s ;
p a i d h o l i d a y s ; p a i d v a c a t i o n s ; and h e a l t h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s i o n
p la n s a r e p r e s e n t e d (in the B - s e r i e s ta b le s) in p r e v io u s b u lle tin s
for this a rea.




3
T a b le 1.

Establishm ents and w orkers within scope of survey and num ber studied in Buffalo, N .Y .,

by m ajor industry division ,2O c to b e r 1971
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in s c o p e
o f stu d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y *

S tu d ie d

S tu d ie d
N um ber

P ercen t

A ll e s ta b lish m e n ts
............... .......

_

842

214

2 4 1 ,0 7 0

100

16 0 , 798

M a n u f a c tu r in g ______________________________________
E r i e ------------------------------------------------------------N i a g a r a - -----------------------------------------------------N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g —— — —
—— ——— —----- ——
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 _______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 ------— ----------------------R e t a i l t r a d e — —— —___ —— —_——___ ______
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------ri
•
S e r v i c e s 6 7 ----------- -------------------------- -----

50
50
50
-

391
303
88
451

99
67
32
115

1 4 6 ,0 7 0
1 0 8 ,8 4 4
3 7 ,2 2 6
9 5 ,0 0 0

61
45
16
39

1 0 1 ,6 5 5
7 2 , 402
2 9 ,3 5 3
5 9 ,1 4 3

50
50
50
50
50

72
86
165
45
83

27
15
33
14
26

2 3 ,3 0 0
7, 221
3 9 ,5 9 7
1 2 ,0 8 7
12, 795

10
3
16
5
5

18, 939
2 , 061
2 2 ,2 3 0
8 , 751
7 , 162

_

.8 9

77

143, 208

100

1 3 4 ,9 8 0

500
-

53
36

44
33

9 7 , 146
4 6 ,0 6 2

68
32

9 0 , 804
4 4 , 176

500
500
500
500
500

10
1
17
4
4

10
1
14
4
4

1 5 ,4 6 5
550
2 0 ,3 1 6
6, 674
3 ,0 5 7

11
(8 )
14
5
2

1 5 ,4 6 5
550
18, 4 3 0
6 , 674
3, 057

AH

............... - —

,

L a r g e e s ta b lish m e n ts
All d iv i s i o n s
M a n u f a c tu r in g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r in g - — T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , an d
o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s 5 - ----- -------------W h o le s a le t r a d e 6 --------- ---------------------------R e t a i l t r a d e , - .......... -________________ _____
F in a n c e , in s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6 --------S e r v i c e s 6 7 ------------------------------------------------

1 T h e B u f f a l o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e O f f ic e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t ( f o r m e r l y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t)
th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f E r i e a n d N i a g a r a C o u n tie s . T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y
a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e la b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y . T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a
b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s
th e u s e o f e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d ie d , a n d (2) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e
s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1967 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y in d u s t r y d iv is io n .
3 I n c lu d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m lim it a t io n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f in a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e * c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b li s h m e n t .
4 I n c lu d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m li m it a t io n .
5 A b b r e v ia t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in th e A - s e r i e s t a b l e s . T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h is in d u s t r y d iv i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " an d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s . S e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t io n
o f d a t a f o r t h is d iv i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s : ( l ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d iv i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e e n o u g h d a ta
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , (2) th e s a m p le w a s n o t d e s ig n e d in i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , (3) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f ic ie n t o r in a d e q u a te to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d (4) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b li s h m e n t d a ta .
7 H o t e ls a n d m o t e l s ; la u n d r i e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b ile r e p a i r , r e n t a l, a n d p a r k in g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h ip o r g a n i z a t i o n s (e x c lu d in g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r it a b le o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
8 L e s s th a n 0 .5 p e r c e n t .
A l m o s t t w o - t h ir d s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e B u f f a l o a r e a w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s ,
fo llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r in d u s t r y g r o u p s a n d s p e c i f i c i n d u s t r i e s a s a p e r c e n t o f a l l m a n u f a c t u r i n g :
I n d u s tr y g r o u p s
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _______________________________
P r i m a r y m e t a l i n d u s t r i e s -----------------------------------------C h e m i c a l s a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d s u p p l i e s ______________________
F a b r i c a t e d m e t a l p r o d u c t s ——----- —----------------------------M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t e l e c t r i c a l -------------------------------------F o o d a n d k in d r e d p r o d u c t s ----------------------------------------P a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s -----------------------------------------P r in t in g a n d p u b lis h in g —
S to n e , c l a y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s .

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u i p m e n t ------------B l a s t fu r n a c e an d b a s ic s t e e l p r o d u c ts A ir c r a f t and p a r t s .
E l e c t r ic a l in d u s tr ia l a p p a r a t u s I n d u s t r ia l c h e m i c a l s .
G e n e r a l i n d u s t r i a l m a c h in e r y -

E r i e C o u n ty c o n tr ib u te d o v e r w h e lm in g ly to th e a r e a ' s m a n u f a c t u r i n g e m p lo y m e n t in a l l b u t t h r e e m a jo r in d u s t r y g r o u p s . N i a g a r a
C o u n ty e m p lo y e d m o r e w o r k e r s in s t o n e , c l a y , a n d g l a s s p r o d u c t s ; p a p e r a n d a l l i e d p r o d u c t s ; a n d th e c h e m ic a ls in d u s t r y .
T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r iv e d f r o m u n i v e r s e m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y d if f e r f r o m p r o p o r t io n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b le 1 a b o v e .

W ag ® T re n d s fo r S e le c te d O c c u p a tio n a l © ro u p s
P r e s e n t e d in ta b le 2 a r e in d e x e s and p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s and in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s ,
and in a v e r a g e e a r n in g s o f s e le c t e d p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s . T h e in d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e o f w a g e s at a g iv e n tim e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s d u rin g the b a s e p e r io d . S u b tr a c tin g 100 f r o m the in d e x y ie ld s
the p e r c e n ta g e ch an ge in w a g e s f r o m the b a s e p e r io d to the d a te of
the in d ex. T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an ge o r i n c r e a s e r e la t e to w age
c h a n g e s b etw een the in d ic a te d d a t e s . A n n ual r a t e s o f i n c r e a s e , w h ere
show n, r e f le c t the am o u n t o f i n c r e a s e fo r 12 m o n th s w hen the tim e
p e r io d b etw een s u r v e y s w a s o th e r th an 12 m o n th s. T h e s e co m p u ta tio n s
w e re b a s e d on the a s s u m p t io n th at w a g e s i n c r e a s e d a t a c o n sta n t r a t e
b etw een s u r v e y s . T h e s e e s t im a t e s a r e m e a s u r e s o f ch an ge in a v e r ­
a g e s fo r the a r e a ; th ey a r e not in ten d e d to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y
c h a n g e s in the e s t a b lis h m e n t s in the a r e a .

sh ow s the p e r c e n ta g e ch a n g e . T h e in d e x i s the p ro d u c t o f m u ltip ly in g
the b a s e y e a r r e la t iv e (100) b y the r e la t iv e fo r the n ex t su c c e e d in g
y e a r an d co n tin u in g to m u ltip ly (com pound) e a c h y e a r 's r e la t iv e b y the
p r e v io u s y e a r ' s in d ex .
F o r o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d in d u s t r ia l n u r s e s , the w a g e
tr e n d s r e la t e to r e g u l a r w e e k ly s a l a r i e s fo r the n o r m a l w o rk w ee k ,
e x c lu s iv e o f e a r n in g s fo r o v e r t im e . F o r p la n tw o rk e r g r o u p s , th ey
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s , e x c lu d in g
p r e m iu m p a y f o r o v e r tim e an d fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and
la te s h if t s . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d on d a ta fo r s e le c t e d k e y o c c u ­
p a tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o rta n t jo b s w ithin
e a c h g ro u p .
L im it a tio n s o f D a ta

M ethod o f C o m p u tin g
T h e in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e , a s m e a s u r e s of
ch an ge in a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e in flu e n c e d b y : (1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s, (2) m e r it o r o th e r i n c r e a s e s in p a y r e c e iv e d b y in d i­
v id u a l w o r k e r s w h ile in the s a m e jo b , an d (3) c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e r e s u lt in g fr o m la b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c t io n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
tio n s o f w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d by e s t a b lis h m e n t s w ith d iffe r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s in the la b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s in the
o c c u p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s w ithout a c t u a l w a g e c h a n g e s. It i s c o n c e iv a b le
th at ev en though a l l e s t a b lis h m e n t s in an a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y h a v e d e c lin e d b e c a u s e lo w e r- p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n te re d the a r e a o r e x p a n d ed t h e ir w o rk f o r c e s . S i m i la r l y , w a g e s
m a y h a v e r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly c o n s ta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r e a
m a y h a v e r i s e n c o n s id e r a b ly b e c a u s e h ig h e r - p a y in g e s t a b lis h m e n t s
e n te r e d the a r e a .

E a c h o f the fo llo w in g k e y o c c u p a tio n s w ith in an o c c u p a tio n a l
g ro u p w a s a s s ig n e d a c o n sta n t w eig h t b a s e d on i t s p r o p o r tio n a te e m ­
p lo y m e n t in the o c c u p a tio n a l g ro u p ;
O ffice c le ric a l (m e n and w om en): O ffice c le ric a l (m e n and w o m en )— S k ille d m a in te n a n c e ( men):
C arp en ters
C o n tin u ed
Bookke e p in g - m a c h in e
E lectricia n s
S e c re ta rie s
o p erato rs, class B
M achinists
S tenographers, g en e ra l
C lerks, ac c o u n tin g , classes
M ech an ics
S tenographers, senior
A and B
M ech an ics (a u to m o tiv e )
S w itchboard o p erato rs, classes
C lerks, f ile , classes
P ain ters
A and B
A , B, and C
P ip efitte rs
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e op erato rs,
Clerics, o rd er
T o o l an d d ie m ak ers
class B
C lerks, p ay ro ll
T ypists, classes A and B
C o m p to m e te r operators
U n sk illed p la n t (m en ):
K eypunch o p erato rs, classes
Jan ito rs, p o rters, an d clean ers
In d u stria l nurses (m e n and w om en):
A and B
Laborers, m a te r ia l h an d lin g
N urses, in d u stria l (reg istered )
O ffice boys and girls

T h e u s e o f c o n sta n t e m p lo y m e n t w e ig h ts e lim in a t e s the e ffe c t
o f c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r tio n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d in e a c h jo b in ­
clu d e d in the d a ta . T h e p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an g e r e f le c t on ly c h a n g e s
in a v e r a g e p a y f o r s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u r s . T h e y a r e not in flu e n c e d b y
c h a n g e s in s t a n d a r d w o rk s c h e d u le s , a s su c h , o r b y p r e m iu m p a y
f o r o v e r t im e . W h ere n e c e s s a r y , d a ta w e r e a d ju s te d to r e m o v e f r o m
the in d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f ch an g e an y sig n ific a n t e ffe c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s in th e s c o p e o f th e su r v e y .

T h e a v e r a g e (m ean ) e a r n in g s fo r e a c h o c c u p a tio n w e r e m u lti­
p lie d b y the o c c u p a tio n a l w e ig h t, an d the p r o d u c ts fo r a l l o c c u p a tio n s
in the g ro u p w e re t o ta le d . T h e a g g r e g a t e s f o r 2 c o n s e c u tiv e y e a r s
w e r e r e la t e d b y d iv id in g the a g g r e g a t e fo r the l a t e r y e a r b y the a g g r e ­
g a te f o r the e a r l i e r y e a r . T h e r e s u lt a n t r e la t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t,




4

g
Table 2. Indexes of standard weekly salaries and straight-time hourly ©armings for selected occupational groups in
Buffalo, N.Y., October 1970 and October 1971, and percents of increase for selected periods
M an u fac tu r in g

A ll in d u str ies
P er io d

O ff ic e
c le r ic a l
(m en and
wom en)

In d u s t r ia l
nu r s e s
(m en and
women)

S k i ll e d
m aintenance
trades
(m en )

U n sk illed
plan tworkers
(men)

O f f ic e
c le r ic a l
( m en and
wom en)

In d u s t r ia l
nu r s e s
( m en and
wom en)

S k ille d
m aintenance
trades
(m en)

U n sk illed
plantwo r k e r s
(m en )

122.8
132.5

118.8
126.8

121.3
129.1

In d e x e s ( D e c e m b e r 1967 = 100)
O c t o b e r 1 9 7 0 -------------------------------------------------------O c t o b e r 1 9 7 1 ____________________________________

117.7
125.1

122.9
132.2

119.0
127.6

119.4
128.7

116.9
125.1

P e r c e n t s of i n c r e a s e
O c t o b e r 1959 to D e c e m b e r I960:
1 4 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------------A n n u al r a t e o f i n c r e a s e ________ ___________

3.6
3.1

5.8
5.0

4.3
3.7

4 .5
3.8

3.6
3.1

6.2
5.3

4.3
3.7

4.1
3.5

2.2
3.1
2.2
2.7
3.6
3.5
5.9

2.0
1.9
1.9
3.3
4.5
4 .8
6.2

2.5
1.9
1.7
3.0
3.9
4.8
7.0

2.3
3.6
2.3
3.6
1.6
2.9
5.0

2.1
2.9
1.6
3.2
3.9
2.8
4.1

1.5
1.9
1.9
3.2
4 .5
4 .7
5.7

2.3
2.0
1.5
2.9
3.9
4.9
7.1

1.9
3.0
2.6
1.8
2.1
2.5
4 .0

3.7
4 .0

7.0
7.7

6.3
6.9

6.1
6.7

4 .2
4 .6

7.0
7.7

6.4
7.0

6.0
6.6

N o v e m b e r 1968 to O c t o b e r 1969:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e -----------------------------------------A n n u al r a t e o f i n c r e a s e _____________________

6.0
6.6

5.8
6.3

4 .4
4.8

4 .6
5.0

5.4
5.9

5.4
5.9

4 .0
4 .4

5.1
5.6

O c t o b e r 1969 to O c t o b e r 1 9 7 0 __________________
O c t o b e r 1970 to O c t o b e r 1 9 7 1 ----------------------------

7.1
6.3

8.6
7.6

7.2
7.2

7.6
7.8

6.5
7.0

8.9
7.9

7.3
6.7

8.9
6.4

D e c e m b e r 1960 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 1 -------------------D e c e m b e r 1961 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 2 -------------------D e c e m b e r 1962 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 3 _____________
D e c e m b e r 1963 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 4 _____________
D e c e m b e r 1964 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 5 _____________
D e c e m b e r 1965 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 6 -------------------D e c e m b e r 1966 to D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 7 _____________
D e c e m b e r 1967 to N o v e m b e r 1968:
1 1 - m o n t h i n c r e a s e --- -------------------------.---------A n nu al r a t e of i n c r e a s e ------------- ----------- —




6

A.

O c c u p a tio n a l earnings

T a b l e A - 1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — S M S A - m e n and w o m e n
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a lo ( S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N .Y ., O c t o b e r 1 9 7 1 )
W eekly earnings *
(standard)

v ex , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

*

A v e rage
w eek ly

$
60

M ean *

M e d ian ^

M iddle ra n g e 2

(standard)

i
65

*
70

*
75

i
80

*

i
85

90

f*
95

*
100

i
110

*
120

t
130

t
140

$
150

$

160

$

170

s

$

180

190

$

200

*

65

70

75

80

85

90

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

95

100

110

2

1

-

2

3

1

-

120

220

-

and
u n d er

210

and
over

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

7

10

20

27
23
4

2

13
7

21
19

29

10
-

42
18

15

3
4

11
4

28

2
-

2

6

1
1

MEN
253
188
65
27

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

$
168 .0 0
173 .5 0
152 .5 0
171 .0 0

$
$
$
167 .5 0 1 4 4 .0 0 -1 9 3 .5 0
1 7 6 .5 0 1 5 1 .5 0 -1 9 7 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0 1 4 0 .5 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0 1 5 1 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

CLASS B --------------

64

3 9 .5

1 4 2 .5 0

147 .0 0

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

107
64

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

14 6 .0 0
148 .0 0

1 4 4 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0 -1 5 4 .0 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

97
97

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 7 6 .5 0
17 6 .5 0

168 .0 0
16 8 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -2 0 4 .5 0

MESSENGERS (O F F IC E BOYSI --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

72
50

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

96.5 0
98.0 0

9 1 .0 0
9 0 .5 0

7 5 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
7 4 .5 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

-

B IL L E R S , MACHINE (B IL L IN G
MACHINE) ------------------------------------------------------

50

3 9 .0

1 2 0 .5 0

1 0 5 .0 0

9 1 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

-

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

127
55
72

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 8 .5

1 0 7 .0 0
1 1 9 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

10 5 .0 0
1 2 2 .0 0
97.0 0

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0 -1 3 3 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

_

_

-

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L IT IE S ----------------------------

312
198
114
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 8 .5
4 0 .0

14 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
13 5 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0

1 4 0 .5 0
142 .5 0
1 2 5 .5 0
2 0 5 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
1 3 2 .0 0 -1 5 7 .0 0
1 1 2 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 5 7 .5 0 -2 1 5 .5 0

_
-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L IT IE S ---------------------------R E T A IL TRADE -------------------------------------

757
352
405
36
159

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 0 .5 0
120 .0 0
1 0 2 .0 0
1 3 6 .5 0
9 3 .0 0

107 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0
98.0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
89.0 0

9 2 .5 0 -1 2 4 .5 0
1 0 2 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0
8 8 .0 0 -1 1 4 .0 0
1 1 5 .5 0 -1 4 9 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

29

21

40

10

2
5

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

89
63

3 8 .5
3 8 .0

94.0 0
90.0 0

9 0 .0 0
86.5 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 3 .5 0

-

1
1

4
4

4
4

18
18

18
17

10
6

8
1

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ---------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

176
140

3 8 .0
3 8 .0

9 1 .5 0
89.5 0

9 0 .0 0
89.0 0

8 1 .5 0 7 9 .0 0 -

9 9 .0 0
9 5 .5 0

-

8
8

18
16

14
14

13
12

35
26

32
28

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

230
119
111

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 0 .0 0
1 2 2.50
96.0 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 2 2 .5 0
92.5 0

9 2 .0 0 -1 2 3 .5 0
1 0 9 .5 0 -1 3 2 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

-

_

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PU B LIC U T I L IT IE S ----------------------------

235
142
93
28

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 4 .0 0
1 2 3 .0 0
1 3 5 .0 0

1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 4 .5 0
1 2 4 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 8 .5 0
1 1 1 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
1 2 5 .5 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L IT IE S ---------------------------CLERKS, ACCOUNTING,

17

3

14

-

27

11
-

22
5

-

1

2

4

4

1
1

11

11

14

7

3

3

-

-

-

-

3

14

4
3

-

_

-

_

25

2
2

_

2

45
31

38

-

5

5

14

30

5

7

5

5

14

30

2
2

5

7

4
4

23
23

-

5
5

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3
2
1
1

7

8
2
6
6

12
5
7
7

_

5
2
2

10

8

4

13

5

3

7

1
1

_

9

-

4

3

-

13

-

-

6

4

14

20
8

22
8
14

16
14
2

7

2

*

-

-

10
10

4

2

8

11

28
11
9

2
1

39

24
6

2

1

1

2

1

2

-

-

12

1

WOMEN

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b l e s .




_

2

8
7

20
-

8

“

2

1

20

1
13

-

_

-

-

3

1

7

13
4

43

69

-

-

-

3

1

7

9

42
15
27

41

-

23
18

32
11

61
8

37
29
8

18
12
6

8
8
-

1

“

2

2

3

“

67
58

50

13

35
15
13

11
2
2

7
6

7
7

1
1

-

8
-

-

12

7

“

-

i
i
-

-

-

_

-

*

_

“

32

48

78

-

21
27

6
72
-

61
9
52
-

68
37
31

105
45
60
-

105
43
62

107
68
39

9

23

23

3
5

9
5

13
4

3
3

16
15

21
7

12

1

9

“

6
5

10

9
3

1
1

12

20
3
17

34

9

9

43
43

19

-

34
28

23

-

19

6

12

34

10

6

14

“

“

3

14
10
4

*

_
-

3
2

11
11

9
6

-

2

42
6

19
19

2

34
15
19

41
32

3

9

36

-

17
12
5

16
9
7

20
10
10

6

11

-

5

6

1

7
5
2
2

1
1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
*

-

_
-

-

3

11

-

-

-

1

32
~

11

“
_
-

"

1

_
-

1
1

-

-

-

4
4

1
1

-

6
6

-

-

9

9

-

_
-

7
T a b l e A -1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — S M S A — m e n and w o m e n —

C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u s try d iv isio n , B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N .Y ., O cto b e r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

#
S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

A v e rage
w eek ly
h ou rs1
(standard)

$
60

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

$
95 .5 0

$

$

$

$

$

80

85

90

95

70

75

80

85

90

95

11

16

61
44

16

44
33
11

41
24

11
M.

$
$
8 6 . 5 0 - 111.50
9 0.00-115.00
8 0.5 0105.00

$
100.00
37 .5 10 3.50
94.0 0
39 .0
87.0 0
38.5

159
129

i oa nn 127.00 1 1 3 .0 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
39*5 130*00
39 .0 121.00 125.00 1 0 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

KEYPUNCH UruRATORjy C L A j j A
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

545
186

0

92 .5 0
06. j0

$

$

i

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

t

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

20 0

210

220

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

over

27
20

59
34

52
36
16

17
12

18

6
6

“

“

“

“

25
29
12
17

36
21
15

70
38
32

-

-

-

72
44
28

50
41

25
21

27
22

15
13

1

1

and

oo *nn
U0«0U

J0.U

-

-

2

3

53
41
12

49
21
28

77
56
21

134
62
72
24
23

37
19
18
4

29
20

15* 00
149.50 1 2 9 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

697
42

i

171
97
74

243
124
119

14
12
8

10

1

-u nn 1 i

q

iO A *n n

!

130 00 128.50 1 1 3 . 0 0 An n 138.00
1 22 .00 J;
i®
118.00 11->•JU
39
39*5 132*00
37*^0

32
16
16

49

132

18
31

2
1
1

19„

199
141
58

151
41
~
L

IT*'

126

182
148
34

95

46

55

35

LA

2

2

-

u

24

£7

^1

14

8

14
12

12

Q

A

^2
12

98

70

27

37

30

33
24

58
38
20

115
70
45

121

70
51

73
51
22

73
30
43

82
39
43

92
64
28

57
11
46

146.50
152.00

48
26
22

22

1

95

49

24

23

2

31
23

43

47

8

46
46

1

2
2
qn
55
37

50
38
12
8

3

13
13

2

g

3

8

10

2

11

9

1

1

27
26
1

4
1

3

11

1
20
12

8

1
1

78
69

26
22

8

5

12

35

8

22
8

69

6

12

2

3

63

83

19

17

2

12
12

18
13

25

83

64

2

1

2

3T

10

71

0?

68

11

1

i 30 nn
* ,-Q

g^° qq

48
30
18

11

8

97.00-127.50
113.50
39*^ 11 3.50 11 3.50
38 .0 112.50 108.00 9 2 . 5 0 - 1 2 3 . 5 0
3 9 .0 151.50 1-.2. j 0 1 5 0 .5 0 - 1 5 4 . 0 0

N 1 1l/ilUUAKU UrLKAIuKwf v L A j j A

111

12
10

90

8

nn

39.5

"0

7

/n
60

15

22

143.50 141.00 1 2 3 . 5 0 - 1 6 2 . 5 0
148.50
30 " 136.00 13 2.00 1 2 0 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
38.5 170.50 17 2.00 1 6 4 . 5 0 - 1 7 4 . 5 0

30**" 109*50 111*00

nnn
Z08

8

8

5

30 5 160*"0

l^Q

66

1

33

35

nn

519

Tin'

20

24
8
16

155
103
52
10

22

156.00 154.50 1 3 4 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
161.00 1 4 6 .0 0 -1 8 2 .5 0

25

4

-

24

1

39 .5

i e;i

15

1

9U« 0

in n

^06

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le s .

-

10

160.50
39 0 140 00 138.00 1 1 8 . 5 0 1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 2 .0 0
39 .5 143.50
38 .5 133.00 127.00 1 1 3 . 5 0 - 153.00
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
129.50
12 1.50 1 0 8 . 5 0 3 • 5 h l*c n

1,679
1,110
569

SECRETARIES® CLASS B
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

-

23
8
15

11

-

9 6.00-121.00
97.50-137.00

n o *'

PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S

'

8

10' 50
^ * 111.00
116.50 1 10 .00
z, "
100.00
102*50
39 0

122

o t L K t 1A K 1 t o




$
75

CONTINUED

141
73

j

$
70

and
u n d er
65

WOMEN -

*
65

A
*

14
t4

19
19

8

T a b l e A - 1 . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — S M S A — m e n and w o m e n ------C o n tin u e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s by in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B u ffa lo (S ta n d a rd M e tro p o lita n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N .Y ., O cto b e r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard )

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

N u m b e r of Vw orkers r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
*

A v e rage
w eek ly

60
M ean2

M e d ian ^

$

$
65

*
70

75

$

S

$
80

85

(standard)

$
350
189
161

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL ------------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------

89
54

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------

243
161

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------RET AIL TRADE ---------------------------------------

742
395




*
100

no

$

t
120

S
130

$
140

»

$
150

160

*
170

*

$
180

190

$
200

$
210

220

100

no

120

130

140

150

160

170

19

40
27
13

41
18
23

71
36

42
36

19

10
9

23
20

2
-

6
-

3
3

6

3
16

12
12

35

”

3

2

6

“

11
5

18

8

9
5

14

14

15

14

11

32
26
6
4

32
16
16
16

6

3

i
i
-

2

_

2
-

-

“

“

-

36
30
6

30

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
~

3

68

-

1

3

24
44

_

-

-

7

8

“

4

“

4

7

16

2
2

3
4

12
4

75

80

95

70

85

90

180

190

200

210

220

“

-

-

“

*

CONTINUED

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

95

and

65

WOMEN -

S

*
90

and
u n der

M iddle ra n g e 2

at end of ta b le s .

82
27

347
34
70

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

$
1 0 0 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 0 4 .0 0
1 0 7 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 1 .0 0
1 1 8 .5 0

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 1 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0

1 0 9 .0 0
1 1 1 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0

3 8 .5

1 3 7 .5 0

1 3 8 .0 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

9 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .0 0
9 3 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0

9 3 .5 0
9 6 .0 0
9 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

8 5 .5 0

8 7 .0 0

3 9 .0

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 0 6 .0 0

1 0 4 .0 0
9 7 .5 0

$

$

8 9 .0 0 -1 1 5 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

9 3 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

-

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

•

9 8 .5 0 -1 2 3
9 7 .5 0 -1 2 2
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 3 5
1 3 5 .5 0 -1 4 0

.5
.0
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

9 1 .0 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 4 .5 0 - 9 7 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

-

3
~

-

3
-

9 2 .0 0

1

23
18
5

15
11
4

61
30
31

40
37
3
1

8 8 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

7 9 .5 0 -

1
-

3

36
2
34
1
6

25
10
15
10

55
18
37
1
7

119
48

197

71

113
84
3

22

14

76
43
33

107
65
42
7
8

35
29
6

3
3

3

3

3

•

30

8
6

12
-

“

2
2

3
1
2
2

12
12

-

-

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
T a b l e A -1 a . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — large e s ta b lis h m e n ts — m en and w o m e n
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1971)
W ee k ly earnings 1
dard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

N u mb e r
of
workers

N u m b e r of wc r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e w eekly e a r n in gs o f—
$

A v er ag e
w ee k ly
hours 1
(standard)

$
60

M e an 2

M edia n2

S
65

t
70

s
75

%

80

$

$

t

85

90

95

$
100

no

$

*
120

*
130

$

*
140

150

$
160

$
170

$
180

$
190

$
200

t
210

and
u n der

Mi ddl e r a n g e 2

65

220

and
70

75

80

85

90

-

-

-

-

no

120

2

95

7

1

100

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

o v er

HEN

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----MANUFACTURING -------------------------------

184

3 9 .5

$
1 7 2 .0 0

$
1 8 0 .0 0

$
$
1 4 4 .5 0 -1 9 9 .5 0

152

3 9 .5

1 7 5 .0 0

1 8 3 .0 0

1 4 5 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0

MESSENGERS (O FF IC E BOYS) ------------

52

3 9 .0

9 8 .5 0

9 1 .5 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 3 .5 0

-

10

15

22

18

4

13

21

27

15

29

-

10

13

18

11

4

12

19

23

11

28

-

1

“

2

3

1

2

”

“

3
-

1

9

2

4

9

5

3

1

1

9

18

13

26

32

12

14

1

3

7

8

12

13
5

8

19

8

1

2

5

2

6

-

1

2

2
6

5

5

27
5

10

7
32
25

27
17

13
11

7
6

7
7
-

7

1
-

_
-

-

2

1

-

-

10

“

WOMEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

160

3 9 .5

1 4 8 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0

1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 3 .0 0

3

103

4 0 .0

1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 3 .0 0

57

3 9 .0

1 5 0 .5 0

1 4 5 .0 0

1 3 0 .5 0 -1 5 8 .5 0
1 1 3 .5 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

-

-

3

1

1

3
6

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------R ET AI L TRAOE ----------------------------------------

418

3 9 .0

1 1 1 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

-

-

i

21

29

44

1 2 8 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0

1 2 9 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 7 .0 0
8 6 .5 0 -1 1 4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

i
-

52

7
26

7
22

18
26

17

7

9 2 .5 0

9 6 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

73
19
54

34

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

58
6

33

147

38

8

4

6

22

5

3

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS C ------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

108

3 8 .0
3 7 .5

9 3 .5 0
9 1 .0 0

2

27
25

12

18
4

12
9

1

9 2 .5 0

3
2
4

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

7
7

3
3

10

_

4

6
6

9
9

-

_

-

-

271
132

82

-

-

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 4 .5 0

9 3 .5 0

8 0 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0
7 7 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0

_
-

31
31
28

1
20
18
6
5

i i
9

8
8
11

3 7 .5

1 1 2 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0

8 4 .5 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL MANUFACTURING

78
63

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 4 7 .0 0

1 5 1 .0 0

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 8 2 .0 0

_

_

1

_

1 5 4 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0

1 1 6 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

-

-

3 9 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 0 4 .5 0
8 7 .5 0
8 6 .5 0

1 0 2 .0 0
8 7 .0 0
8 6 .0 0

7 7 .5 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
7 2 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
7 2 .0 0 -1 0 1 .0 0

_

RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------

120
76
71

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

217
146
71

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 1 .0 0
1 2 7 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 4 1 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

3 8 .5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

280

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0
1 0 0 .0 0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 7 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0

9 9 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

_

192
88

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 5 2 .5 0
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0

-

-

MESSENGERS (O FF ICE GIRL S) ---------------------

72

3 8 .5

9 3 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

-

1

SECRETARIES -----------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S -----------------------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------------------------

1 ,1 6 1

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

1 4 2 .5 0
1 4 6 .0 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 3 .5 0
1 2 9 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

_
-

1

829
332
54

1 4 5 .0 0
1 4 8 .0 0

-

3 8 .5
3 8 .5

1 3 7 .5 0
1 7 7 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0

67

3 9 .0

1 2 1 .5 0

1 2 2 .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0
1 7 0 .5 0 -1 9 6 .0 0
1 1 0 .0 0 -1 3 5 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

75
58

3 9 .0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

226

3 9 .0

170
56

3 8 .5

1 6 0 .5 0
1 6 1 .5 0
1 5 8 .0 0

1 5 3 .0 0

1 4 1 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0
1 3 6 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ------------------------------

499

3
3
3
3

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS -----------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s




325
174
36

3 9 .5

3 9 .5

9
9
8
8

.0
.5
.5
.5

4
5
4
7

9
2
2
3

O

54

*
O'

CLERKS, ORDER -----

o

8
8

.0
.5
.5
.0

0
0
0
0

1 7 2 .5 0
1 5 7 .0 0
1 5 8 .5 0

4
5
3
7

6
1
7
2

.0
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

-

“

11
11
11

16
16
16

_

_

_

-

7
7
7

3
2
1
1
-

-

-

-

-

~

-

_

12

-

2

-

_

5

27

9

_

.5
.5
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

-

1
1
1
1

6
6
6
7

4
4
7
4

.5
.0
.5
.5

0
0
0
0

2

1

-

-

12
8

6

-

5

10
10

4

1
1

11
11
10

7
7
7

2
2
1

16
10
10

16
8
5

14
4
4

7

-

2

-

4

6

_

3
1
2

3
-

10
4
6

17
12
5

23

52

24
23
1

5
-

_

A

31
21

59
38
21

14

21
2

-

2
2

3
3

10
3
7

15
9

30
21
9

58
32
26

40
24
16

17
9
S

8
8

8

60
60

9
9

3

11
3

5
7

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

“

“

_
-

_

_

_

-

-

-

4
-

2

4

11
1
10

10

4

6

7

13

7

16

4

i

2

-

-

i

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i
-

13
8

23
19

27
20

80
54

100
44

133
71

154

72
41

45

42

23

4

7

26

56

62

23
19

21
2

4

15

1

1

-

12

16

1
13

35
10
3

23
22
1

13

5

117
100
17
2

139

i

155
113
42

2

3

1

2

-

1

“

~

-

1

-

-

3

3

10
9

10
8

11
10

12
7

12
12

5
5

6

-

2
2

40

16
16

18
13
5

15
4

3
2

3

-

11

1

1

“

40
14
26

10
5
5

18
10
8

14
14

19
19

_

9

81
65
16

-

-

1

3

21

1

6

2

1
-

1

i

3

6

2

8

2

8

130
24

2

23

30

39

24
19

1

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 7 7 .0 0

8
4
2
0

10

5

4
3

1 5 1 .0 0 -1 8 5 .0 0
1 5 3 .5 0 -1 8 8 .0 0

2
3
2
7

17

-

7

2

9

7

7

5

31
21
10

40
17

54
25
29

72

64

43
29

48
16
4

49
40

1
14

_
-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

~

-

-

23

-

1
-

6
4

-

1

2

32

23

115
24
5

33
7

7

31
22

1
1

5
4

13

11
11

-

10

T a b l e A -1 a .

O f f ic e o c c u p a tio n s — large e sta b lis h m e n ts — m en and w o m e n ------C o n tin u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u rs and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e by in d u s try d iv is io n , B u ffa lo , N . Y . , O c to b e r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w orkers

N u m b e r o f w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s o:
$

A ve rage

J
60

M ean ^

M e d ia n 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

(standard)

S
65

75

80

85

90

%

t

$
70

95

100

110

120

130

4

140

$
150

SECRETARIES

-

170

180

190

s
200

$

70

75

80

85

90

95

100

110

120

130

140

150

160

no

180

190

200

210

220

”

65

WOMEN -

t

t

t
L60

and
u n d er

and

210

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

SECRETARIES, CLASS D -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

360
276
84

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

$
1 2 4.50
128 .5 0
1 1 1 .0 0

$
122 .5 0
131 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0

$
$
1 0 6 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0
1 0 8 .0 0 -1 4 5 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0

-

1
1

-

*

1
1

13
8
5

22
19
3

21
16
5

48
33
15

57
27
30

53
32
21

49
47
2

41
41

34
33
1

7
7
-

4
4
-

5
5

4
4
-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------■ UDL 1 L vJ 1 1 L 1 1 1 Co

521
328
193

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 1 3.50
1 1 2 .5 0
1 1 4 .5 0

1 1 0 .5 0
1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 6 .5 0

9 7 .5 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0
9 4 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

2
2

3
3

31
24
7

27
7
20

40
20
20

53
34
19

101
66
35

96
67
29

36
32
4

63
61
2

24
16
8
8

44
1
43
43

-

1
1

-

-

-

_

STENOGRAPHERS,

SENIOR ----------------------------

384

3 9 .5

1 3 4.00

13 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

5

4

18

43

52

44

-

-

-

-

5

4

18

38

27

14

1

*

27
26
1

_

1 1 2 .5 0

76
69
7

1

1 1 7 .0 0

41
34
7

6

3 9 .0

62
43
19

5

142

1 1 5 .0 0 -1 5 1 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 5 3 .5 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0

-

NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1

-

-

CLASS A --------

54

3 9 .0

1 3 1 .0 0

1 3 3.50

1 0 9 .5 0 -1 4 7 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

4

2

4

4

2

3

15

11

4

3

1

1

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

64
56

3 7 .5
3 7 .5

1 0 5.50
1 0 4 .0 0

9 9 .0 0
98.5 0

8 3 .5 0 -1 2 9 .5 0
8 2 .0 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

3
3

1
1

2
2

6
6

6
6

3

9
5

6
6

5
5

4

3

4
2

9
8

2
2

_

3

4
4

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

54

3 9 .5

1 1 6 .5 0

11 4 .5 0

9 9 .0 0 -1 3 8 .0 0

-

-

1

3

4

2

3

1

9

7

3

10

8

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING

185
149

3 9 .0
3 9.5

1 1 3 .0 0
110 .0 0

1 1 2 .0 0
10 9 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 2 9 .0 0
9 6 .0 0 -1 2 2 .0 0

_
-

_
-

1
-

4
2

4

13
12

22
18

11
11

30
30

30
29

26
22

32

6

3

16

3

-

1
1

2
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

1J 1•

1JU.UU

100 .5 0
1 0 5 .5 0
94.0 0

9 6 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0
9 2 .5 0

8
6
2

3
1
2

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS,

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s




a t e n d o f tabl<

i j l *UU

395
238
157

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

3

1
8 9 .5 0 -1 1 1 .0 0
9 2 .0 0 -1 2 1 .0 0
8 5 .5 0 - 9 8 .0 0

-

3
3

13

2

11

24
10
14

28
18
10

34
16
18

80
35
45

59
31
28

54
37
17

29
27

2

_

-

-

-

-

_

16
30
25
5

30
30

11

T a b le A -1 b . O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s —m a n u f a c tu r in g —E rie C o u n ty —m e n an d w o m e n
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s ,

B u f f a lo ( E r i e C o u n ty ) , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1 9 7 1 )

W eekly earnings *
lard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eekly e a r n in g s of—
$

$

70
w eek ly
M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle ra n g e 2

(standard)

$

75

%

$

80

85

$

90

t

$

95

100

i
105

$

110

$

115

t

$

1 20

1 30

$

140

$

150

$

160

$

170

i

180

$

1 90

i

$

200

210

and
u n der
85

90

95

100

105

110

1 15

1 50

160

10

120

140

12

16

5

2

-

2

31

25

5

80

130

6

75

220
and

5

14

1

2

1 70

180

190

22

9

17

10

7

4

2

-

2

3

-

-

-

30

2

4

5

2

200

2 10

220

9

6

28

-

-

over

MEN
CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------------

144

3 9 .5

1 7 1 .0 0

J u .o o

$
$
1 4 5 .0 0 -2 0 1 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------------

26

4 0 .0

147 .0 0

150 .5 0

1 3 1 .0 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------------

64

4 0 .0

1 4 8.00

1 4 6 .0 0

1 4 2 .5 0 -1 5 4 .0 0

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------

90

3 9 .5

176 .5 0

168 .0 0

1 5 4 .5 0 -2 1 0 .5 0

MESSENGERS (O FF ICE BOYS! -----------------------

46

3 9 .0

96.0 0

89.5 0

7 4 .5 0 -1 0 2 .5 0

3

1

13

9

2

5

3

7

1

3

'

-

2
-

-

-

23

-

'

WOMEN
BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------------

35

4 0 .0

1 1 1.50

1 1 6.50

1 0 5 .5 0 -1 2 3 .0 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A ----------------

134

4 0 .0

141.50

142 .0 0

1 2 9 .0 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ----------------

263

3 9 .0

1 1 8.50

1 2 0.50

1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 4 .0 0

1

2

CLERKS, F I L E ,

7
-

-

16

1

8

32

-

-

8

1

2

2

3

24

7

31

i

-

-

3

5

2

2

17

i i

17

49

20

6

1

-

-

1

5

-

57

39

23

9

4

5

1

-

-

-

-

i i

CLASS C ------------------------------

27

3 9 .5

93.0 0

92.5 0

8 7 .0 0 -1 0 4 .0 0

-

1

9

4

-

6

4

-

1

CLERKS, ORDER -------------------------------------------------

90

3 9 .0

1 1 7.50

1 2 1 .0 0

1 0 8 .0 0 -1 2 4 .0 0

-

-

2

-

-

10

18

2

6

40

10

1

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ---------------------------------------------

87

3 9 .5

1 3 0 .0 0

1 1 7 .5 0

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 5 5 .0 0

-

1

11

5

-

8

5

6

15

3

6

2

5

9

-

-

-

2

9

-

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------------------------

216

3 7 .5

1 0 1.00

9 7 .0 0

8 9 .5 0 -1 1 3 .0 0

-

33

24

44

20

23

10

14

22

12

9

-

2

-

2

1

-

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A ----------------

132

3 9 .5

1 2 4.50

1 2 4.50

1 1 7 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

-

-

-

-

8

6

6

8

13

37

40

11

i

-

-

-

2

-

-

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B ----------------

328

3 9 .0

1 1 5.00

108 .0 0

9 7 .0 0 -1 2 7 .0 0

-

-

41

21

56

29

29

12

21

41

7

5

58

4

3

1

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES ------------------------------------------------------

717

3 9 .5

1 3 7.00

1 3 7.00

1 1 5 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

-

2

8

19

18

46

30

54

100

106

68

63

36

21

12

6

7

4

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ----------------------------

42

3 9 .5

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 6.00

1 3 2 .0 0 -1 7 5 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

9

9

2

2

4

5

1

i

-

i

SECRETARIES, CLASS B ----------------------------

165

3 9 .0

1 5 4.00

153.00

1 3 9 .5 0 -1 6 9 .0 0

17

34

17

34

19

11

3

-

2

3

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ----------------------------

211

3 9 .0

1 4 0.50

13 6 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

4

6

16

5

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------------

299

3 9 .5

12 3 .5 0

1 2 1.00

1 0 4 .0 0 -1 4 2 .0 0

-

2

8

19

14

40

14

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ----------------------------

253

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .5 0

1 1 1.00

98 .5 0 -1 3 1 .0 0

-

22

2

22

26

15

36

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ------------------------------

205

4 0 .0

1 3 3.50

1 2 9.50

1 1 8 .0 0 -1 4 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

3

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A ---------

40

3 9 .0

1 3 2.00

1 3 2 .5 0

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0

-

-

2

-

2

1

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTION I S T S -

156

3 9 .0

1 0 6.50

1 0 3.00

93 .0 0 -1 1 7 .5 0

-

14

9

25

18

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------------

52

3 9 .5

1 1 0 .5 0

1 1 8.00

9 6 .5 0 -1 2 8 .0 0

-

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A ------------------------------------------

100

3 9 .0

11 3 .5 0

1 1 5.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 2 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B ------------------------------------------

302

3 9 .5

1 0 0 .0 0

9 4 .5 0

9 0 .5 0 -1 0 6 .0 0

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




32

85

8

-

-

10

-

15

4

14

45

29

26

19

19

10

4

5

5

32

18

25

45

37

30

8

3

1

3

-

21

18

24

47

20

25

12

18

47

41

24

11

2

2

20

-

-

-

1

2

1

3

19

3

3

1

1

1

-

-

-

-

21

8

12

23

3

6

16

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

4

-

5

15

-

-

-

4

13

1

-

3

9

3

16

4

15

16

25

2

3

-

1

2

-

-

-

-

-

4

11

45

1 04

29

29

17

6

8

17

24

6

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

i i

12

T a b l e A - 1 c . O f f i c e o c c u p a t i o n s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g —N i a g a r a C o u n t y — m e n a n d w o m e n
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s , B u ffalo ( N ia g a r a C o u n ty ), N .Y ., O cto b e r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w orkers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c eiv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w eek ly e a r n in g s of—

t

$
A v e rag e
w eek ly
h ou rs1
’standard)

U nder
M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

80

$

$

$

85

90

95

100

90

95

100

105

$

$
105

no

110

115

$

*
115

120

120

125

$

$

$

S

$

$

*

S

$

$

S

200 210

125

130

135

140

150

160

170

180

190

130

135

140

150

1 60

170

180

190

200 210

M iddle ra n g e 2

and

u n d er

80

85

over

MEN
$

100.■'O

$
106 .0 0

$
$
1 7 0 .5 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

44

319 . 0

2

14

2

5

WOMEN
64

3 9 .5

15 2 .5 0

1 4 ^ .00

6

Jr3

2

5

4

7

n

-

l

1

2

9

*

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B ---------------

89

3 9 .5

1 2 4 .5 0

128.00

1 0 3 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------------

29

3 9 .0

1 3 9 .0 0

1 4 1.00

1 3 1 .5 0 -1 5 2 .0 0

3 •5 1 4 0 . 5 0

1 3 7.00

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 5 6 .0 0

5 1 3 3 .5 0

120.00

5

1

5

1

-

-

11

3

-

-

H*

8

12

-

5

9

6

7

2

2
10

2

2

4

-

-

-

-

-

,

-

-

-

1 1 2 .0 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

3i

39

SECRETARIES
SECRETARIESt CLASS A

42

4 0 .0

1 7 5.00

1 6 8 .0 0

1- /

'9

1 5 4 .0 0

5 157

00

11

1

110.00

5

i

13

_

8

2
^r

23

1 4 0 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0

32

26

7

i

i

■"3

g

3 9 .5

93

58

1 5 8 .0 0 -1 8 9 .0 0

1 1 7 .0 0

12

10

AA . 0 1 / C . 0 0 l-» 0. -» 0 1 3 3 . 0 0 - 1 5 3 . 5 0
4 0 A 1 4 5 AA
3 9 .5

25

*-n

132

33

10

8

8

126




1

1„9

j L L K t 1AKl L j v L>LAoo L
I

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .

-

1*"3 "0

/n a 1 5 . 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

5

2

110 .5 0

108 .0 0

8 4 .0 0 -1 3 4 .5 0

1 0 4 .5 0

10 6 .0 0

93 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

9

‘

18

9

Jr6

11

6

1'

-

*4

2

10

1

2

-

-

7

-

1
8

-

"

5

2

1

4

*
-

-

6

2

-

-

-

-

13
T a b le A -2 .

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —S M S A — m e n a n d w o m e n

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a lo ( S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1971)
W eekly earnings 1
( standard)

S e x , o cc u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

A v e rage
w eek ly

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eekly e a r n in g s o f
100

M ean ^

M e d ian ^

M iddle ra n g e 2

(standard)

and
u n d er
110

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

—

and

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS A -----MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

72

3 8 .5
3 9 .0

$
1 6 3 .5 0
1 6 6 .0 0

$
1 6 4 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

$
$
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

-

1

58

1 4 4 .5 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

~

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B -----MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

181
91
90

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

1 5 1 .0 0
1 5 4 .5 0
1 4 7 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 2 .0 0
1 4 1 .0 0

1 2 8 .5 0 -1 7 1 .5 0
1 2 0 .0 0 -1 8 1 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 2 .0 0

22
20

25
10

34
9

2

15

25

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

103
65

3 9 .0

2 2 1 .0 0
2 2 2 .5 0

2 1 9 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0

1 8 9 .0 0 -2 4 7 .5 0
1 8 9 .0 0 -2 4 7 .0 0

1 9 9 .0 0
2 0 6 .0 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -----------------------

3 9 .5

3 9 .0

50
54

3 9 .5
3 8 .0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS A -------------------------

69

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

_

_

1 7 1 .5 0 -2 2 4 .5 0

1 9 7 .5 0
1 9 7 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 5 1 .5 0
1 6 9 .0 0 -2 1 7 .0 0

3 8 .5

2 7 6 .5 0

2 7 7 .0 0

7
5

23
22

4

4

1

4

4

1

31

12
6
6

4

18
4
14

9
9

-

1
3

-

7
4

7
4

“

"

3

3

1
1

8
2

20

4
1

9
9

12
6

6

16

11
7

16

9

6
3

4
-

5

2
7

i i
4

10

11

4

3

7

13
18

96
69

3 9 .0
3 9 .5

2 2 4 .0 0

2 2 4 .0 0

2 0 7 .0 0 -2 4 2 .0 0

2 2 4 .5 0

2 2 3 .0 0

2 1 0 .5 0 -2 4 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------

259
196

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 8 .0 0
2 1 5 .5 0

2 2 2 .0 0
2 1 2 .5 0

1 9 4 .5 0 -2 3 9 .0 0
1 9 1 .5 0 -2 4 4 *0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------

437
361
76

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 8 6 .5 0

1 7 0 .0 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 6 7 .5 0 -2 0 3 .5 0
1 7 4 .5 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

_

1 8 5 .5 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 8 7 .5 0
1 8 6 .0 0
2 0 0 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

163
132

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 5 4 .5 0
1 5 2 .0 0

1 5 5 .5 0
1 5 1 .5 0

1 4 3 .5 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 4 2 .5 0 -1 6 3 .5 0

8
8

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS ----------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

58

1 8 8 .5 0

1 8 9 .5 0

1 7 3 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

CLASS B ------

74

3 9 .0

1 2 8 .5 0

1 2 9 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED)
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------

149
134

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 7 0 .0 0
1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 8 .0 0
1 6 7 .5 0

_

_
“

_

2 6 1 .5 0 -2 8 9 .0 0

o

1 9 7 .0 0

1 9 2 .5 0

_

8
3

“

-P*
o

104

_
“

23
18

-

2
-

“

2

-

4

7

1

3
4

3

1
9

_

2

1

_

-

_

17

_

3

“

-

1

1
1

-

12
10

8
5

14

12
8

_

-

3
3

5
5

15
15

18
18

41
40

12
12

24
20

34
12

13
13

14

27
26

55
51
4

61
47
14

69
58
11

55
50
5

75

19

43
32

11
8

40
40

~

-

”
1
1

2

~

13
1

15
12

7
7

40
37

34
31

39

5
5

6
5

6

22

2

1
1

2
2

-

-

1

-

4

8

4

13

8

13

2

5

1 2 5 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0

10

27

30

2

2

1 5 4 .0 0 -1 8 5 .5 0
1 5 4 .5 0 -1 8 7 .0 0

2

1
1

10
9

12

23
22

23
19

18

5
5

3
3

3
3

“

1

WOMEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS,

*

W o rk e rs w e re d is tr ib u te d a s fo llo w s:

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




11

4 a t $300 to $310; 3 a t $310 to $ 3 20; 3 a t $320 to $330; and 1 a t $330 and o v e r.

_
31
30

1
18
14

17

14

1

_

_

14

4

15
13

over

T a b le A -2 a .

P r o f e s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la rg e e s t a b lis h m e n t s —m e n and w o m e n

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e w ee k ly h o u r s an d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts em p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O c to b e r 1971)
Weekl y earnings 1
( standard)
Numb e r
of
workers

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t- tim e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—

t

$

$

$

i

$

$

$

*

*

%

$

110

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

110

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

270

280

290

300

310

-

7
4

7

3

3

2

-

-

-

-

-

4

3

3

2

-

-

-

100

wee kl y
M ean 2

Me d ia n ^

Mi ddl e r a n g e 2

[standard)

and
u n d er

HEN

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B ---------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------

107
68

1 5 4 .0 0
1 5 8 .0 0

$
1 4 1 .0 0
1 4 3 .5 0

$
$
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 6 5 .0 0
1 2 8 .0 0 -1 7 4 .5 0

4

9

19

19

18

8

4

4

3 9 .5

$

3

8

10

8

12

6

1

4

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS A --------------------------------------

52

3 9 .0

2 3 3 .5 0

2 3 2 .5 0

2 0 5 .5 0 -2 5 4 .5 0

-

1

2

~

4

9

6

4

4

7

3

4

2

2

2

2

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS B --------------------------------------

6

14

5

3

9

4

1

2

3

~

2

-

2

-

-

-

3 9 .5

1 9 0 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 6 6 .5 0 -2 0 9 .0 0

63

3 9 .5

2 2 1 .5 0

2 2 2 .0 0

2 1 0 .0 0 -2 3 4 .5 0

“

“

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------

150
145

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

2 1 5 .5 0
2 1 5 .5 0

2 1 4 .5 0

1 8 8 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0
1 8 7 .0 0 -2 4 6 .0 0

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

203
176

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

1 9 5 .0 0
1 9 4 .5 0

2 0 1 .0 0

1 7 6 .5 0 -2 1 7 .5 0

-

1 9 9 .0 0

1 7 4 .0 0 -2 2 0 .5 0

4 0 .0

1 5 8 .5 0

116

-rU.
ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS -------------------------

”

-

2

4

3

1

2

4

6

13

9

13

4

3

3

1

1

-

-

-

3

5

15

23

5

17

23

6

8

5

-

_

3

5

15

22

8
8

13

”

18
18

9

5

17

23

6

8

5

-

-

5
5

5
4

10
9

19
19

17
17

16

22
21

49
25

17
17

39

23

3 9 .0

4

-

63

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS B --------------------------------------

2 1 3 .5 0

“

“

”

*

-

1
1

t4l
x -x-r. W
W

76

4 0 .0

1 9 2 .5 0

1 9 1 .5 0
1 9 0 .5 0

1 7 7 .0 0 -2 0 9 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0 -2 0 4 .0 0

132

3 9 .5

1 7 1 .0 0

1 6 9 .5 0
1 6 9 .5 0

1 5 5 .0 0 -1 8 7 .5 0

16

11

40

3

-

_

_

3

1
1

-

40

4
4

-

11

-

-

-

-

-

1

i

_

_

_

-

_

_

22

-

-

-

1

-

6

9
8

5

15
13

9
8

14
13

4

11

_

2

1

8

7

23

27
26

18
14

17
17

18
17

5

3

3

WOMEN

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

(REGISTERED)

------

121

S e e fo o tn o te s




a t en d of ta b le s .

22

1
1

15
T a b le A -2 b .
(A v e ra g e

P r o fe s s io n a l a n d te c h n ic a l o c c u p a t io n s —m a n u f a c tu r in g —E rie C o u n t y —m e n an d w o m e n

stra ig h t-tim e

w e ek ly hours

and e arning s

fo r sele cte d oc cup a tio ns

s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is ,

B u ffa lo ( E r i e

C o u n ty),

W eekly earnings 1
(standard)

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

A v e rage
w eek ly
hours 1
(standard)

M e d ia n 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

&

$

$

$

t

$

$

$

t

$

$

>

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 10

1 15

1 20

125

1 30

135

140

145

150

160

170

1 80

1 90

200

210

220

230

240

250

S
260

115

1 20

125

130

135

1 40

145

1 50

160

170

180

190

2 00

210

220

230

2 40

2 50

2 60

over

1

105
M ean2

1971)

N u m b e r of w or k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t tim e v ee k ly e a rn in g s of
s

Num ber
of
w orkers

N . Y . , O ctober

*

2

5

20

5

8

3

5

1

4

4

1

8

7

2

5

and
u n der
110

and

MEN
3 8 .5

$
$
1 6 3 .0 0 1 6 7 . 5 0

$
$
1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 3 .5 0

4 0 .0

50

1 5 2 .0 0

1 4 1 .0 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 8 0 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
B U S IN E S S , CLASS A ----------------------------------

51

3 9 .5

2 1 8 .0 0

2 1 7 .5 0

<r3

3 9 .5

‘■ lO .-’ O 2 0 0 . 0 0

2 2 2 .0 0

9

3

1 7 6 .0 0 -2 5 2 .0 0

3 9 .5

1

1 8 8 .0 0 -2 4 3 .5 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
0 UoX NC u j i CLASS 0

3

r9

16

2

1

2

1

1

6

14

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
2 0 3 .5 0 -2 3 4 .5 0

, u
nn
/ U . n C.I . u u 2 1 2 . ^ 0
n

1 9 1 .5 0 -2 4 5 .0 0

2 95

^ 0 .0

12A

O
o
4-

55

L L L L 1 K Uli 1L

2 2 0 .0 0

ID

ff

1L L M rilL 1 Ario

1 8 7 .0 0

1 8 0 .0 0

1 * "

1 4 9 .5 0

1 4 2 .0 0 -1 5 9 .5 0

7 0 0 1 8 8 .0 0

1 9 0 .5 0

1 6 8 .5 0 -2 0 5 .0 0

1 2 9 .5 0

1 2 7 .0 0 -1 3 2 .0 0

1 6 8 .5 0

1 5 3 .5 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

10

1

1

3

5

1

5

*

3

9

1

6

8

38

12

19

10

17

46

44

42

11

39

1

1

3

27

-

11

16

-

-

-

i

20

31

1

5

10

18

31

19

12

12

13

5

3

10

8

hi

See

IN D U S TR IA L

footnotes

at

T a b le A -2 c .
(A ve ra g e

(R EG ISTER E D ) ------

end

of

1 2 6 .5 0

92

o
o
sf

NURSES,

o
o

WOMEN

1 7 0 .5 0

~
-

-

21

17

~

“

-

-

5

6

2

3

14

10

20

9

15

4

ta bles.

P r o f e s s i o n a l a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g —N i a g a r a C o u n t y — m e n a n d w o m e n

s tra ig h t-tim e w e ek ly hours

and e arning s

fo r sele cte d o c cup a tio ns

s tu d ie d on an a r e a b a s is ,

B u ffa lo (N ia g a ra

C o u n ty),

W eekly earnings 1
(standard)
N um ber
of
w orkers

N .Y .

, O ctober

1971)

N um be r of w o rk e rs r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - tim e w eekly e a rn in g s of —
$

s

$

*

w eek ly

$

S

$

i

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle r a n g e 2

(standard)

1 40

145

150

155

160

165

1 70

175

1 80

1 85

190

1 95

2 00

2 05

1 40

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

1 35

1 45

1 50

155

160

165

170

1 75

180

1 85

1 90

195

200

2 05

11

5

3

3

1

1

7

-

$

s

$

1

3

$

2 10

U nder
$
and
u n der
135

215

220

2 30

240

no

2 10

2 30

2 40

250

2

-

-

-

MEN
$
$
1 7 8 .5 0 1 7 4 .5 0

66

$
$
1 6 3 .0 0 -1 8 9 .5 0

1 7 2 .0 0

1 5 7 .0 0 -1 9 5 .0 0

8

r2

WOMEN
NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL

S e e fo o tn o te s




(REGISTERED)

a t end of ta b le s .

------

42

4 0 .0

1 6 4 .0 0

1

2

2

4

4

10

*

4

1

-

T a b l e A - 3 . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —S M S A —m e n a n d w o m e n c o m b i n e d
(A v erage stra ig h t- tim e w eekly h o u rs and earn in g s fo r se le c te d occupations studied on an a r e a b a s is by in d u stry d iv ision ,
B u ffalo (Standard M etropolitan S ta tistic a l A re a ), N .Y ., O ctober 1971)
Average

Occupation and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

Average

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

BILLERS, MACHINE (BILLING
3 9.0

3 9.0
39.0
38.5

821

3 9.0

tin
46
169

63

3 9 .0

3 0 *°

96
25

—

— ——

—

—

13 5

9 4 . SO
94 .5 0
90.00
91 0 0
89 .0 0

CLERKSt ORDER

337
183

3 9.5
39.5

1 2 1.50
1 31.50

CLERKSf PAYROLL

332
239

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 35.00

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

4 0.0

1 4 4.00

——
—

—
—

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS* CLASS A

191
85

38.5
39 .0

93.00
98 .0 0

38*0 108*00

See footnote a t end of tab les,




4 11
286
42

39.5
38.5
38.5

1 48.50
1 36.00
1 70.50

12 0

39l5
3 8.5

386
283
66

3 9.5
38.0
39.0

114.00
112.50
151.50

542
334
208

39.5
4 0.0
39.0

130.50
1 38.00
118.00

77
58

39.0
3 9.5

129.50
1 32.00

3 8.0
38.0

113
60

126loO
109.50

97 .5 0

350
189
161

3 9.0
3 9.0
38.5

1 lift

I?

1 66.50
169.50
9/

'0*0
38.5
-

3 *

/

Crt

146*00
142.50

Kr\

000
ZZ2. nn

- rn«m r ntfr ,r

MANUFACTURING
———
——
NONMANUFACTURING------------------------------

89
54

69

244
1 62
82
27

1 11.50
1 1 1.50
1 12.50
1 3 7 .5 0

39.0
3 9.5

2 2 3.00
225.00

'0 0

2 18 00
2 1 5.00

1m

'iO 0 1 8 6 00
3 9 .5

18 0
14 9

'iO 0 1 5 1 . 5 0

151

3 9 .5

148.50

1 1 1 .0 0

3 9 .0

2 7 6.50

, „.

106.00

3 9.5

3 8.5

10 7
74

1 0 4 .0 0
1 07.00
1 00.00

3 9 .0

n 1 a - -n
^0 0
3 8.0 195.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS*

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
A

1 1 6.50
100.00
39 0 1 0 2 .5 0

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

..

COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
—

1 2 8 .0 0
1 3 0.00

*5 1

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND G I R L S) MANUFACTURING------------------------------------

84
69

155.50
168.50

ro-i.rr.

MANUFACTURING
N0NHANUFACIUR1NG —
—

38 0 10 0 00
3 7 I 5 103150
94.50
3 9.0
07.00
30*5

308
159

546
360

38.0
38.5

135
1 12

r- rre,n^ f,imirn»

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSKEYPUNCH OPERATORS f CLASS A

38*0

1 62.50

37 1
148

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR --------- ----------------

73

136^00
70

COMPUTER PROGRAMERSt

1 4 3 .5 0
1 51.50

^24
142

39.5
3 9.5

98 .0 0
1 01.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

1 03.50

30 0
38.0

KfcIAIL 1KAUc

157.50
1 18.50

84

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

3 9 .5

1 13.00

10r
149

28

3 8.5

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

144.00

SECRETARIES» CLASS B

N0NHANUF AC ( UR I Nti
39.5

3 9 .5

93
10 0

rU oLIL U1 ALII 11 j

PUBLIC UTILITIES

Number
of
workers

3^ 0

1,114

MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------39 ^5 1 5 9 . 0 0
3 8 .5 1 41.50
4 0 .0 1 78.50

Average

Occupation and in dustry div ision

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

107.00
1 19.00
97 .5 0

386
179
52

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

39 0

118.50

127
55
72

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

1,683
57

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------

Number
of

Occupation and in dustry d iv ision

39.5
3 8.0
38.5

NURSES,

INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----

170.00
171.00

17
T a b le A -3 a .




O f f i c e , p r o f e s s io n a l , a nd te c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —la rg e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s —m e n and w o m e n c o m b i n e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a lo , N . Y . , O c to b e r 1971)

Average

Average

Occupation and in dustry div ision

Number
of
woikers

Weekly
earnings 1
[standard) (standard)
Weekly

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
CLERKSs ACCOUNTING, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------

344
255
89
37

39.5 Ur.,0
39.5 163.50
39.0 154.00
40.0 193.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONHANUFACTURING ---------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ----------RETAIL TRADE --------------------

466
173
293
30
141

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.0
40*. 0

114.50
132.50
103.50
150.00
94.00

CLERKS, FI L E. CLASS C ----------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

117
91

38o 0
37.5

92.50
90.00

W
eekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
W
eekly

Occupation and in dustry div ision

SECRETARIES -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

CONTINUED

$
39.0 169.50
39.5 174.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS A -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------SECRETARIES, CLASS B -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

230
174
56

39.0 161.50
39.5 162.50
38.5 158.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

499
325
174
36

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

360
276
84

39.0 124.50
39.5 128.50
38.5 111.00

149.00
152.50
142.50
173.00

65

38.0 119.00

148
133

39.5 163.50
39.5 168.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------RETAIL TRADE ----------------------

121

39.0 105.00
88,50
38.5
86.50
38.5

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

522
329
193
57

39.0
39.5
38.0
38.5

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------PUBLIC UTILITIES -----------

237
146
91
30

39.5
39.5
38o 5
40.0

132.00
131.00
134.00
159.00

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR -------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

384
242
142

39.5 134.00
40.0 144.00
39.0 117.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING
NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

281
193

39.5 120.00
39.5 129.00
39.0 100.00

MESSENGERS (OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSIMANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------

124
70
54

38.5
39.0
38.0

96.00
99.00
92.00

SECRETARIES ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC UTILITIES ------------------------RETAIL TRADE ---------------------------------

1,165
833
332
54
67

39.0
39.5
38.5
38.5
39.0

145.00
148.00
137.50
177.50
121.50

S ee f o o tn o te a t en d of t a b l e s .

77
71

88

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CONTINUED

CONTINUED

CLERKS, PAYROLL MANUFACTURING

CLERKS, ORDER ---------

Occupation and industry division

113.50
113.00
114.50
151.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------

39.0 131.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B ------NONMANUFACTURING ------------------------------

37.5 105.50
37.5 104.00

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTS-

TYPISTS, CLASS B ----MANUFACTURING ----NONMANUFACTURING

396
239
157

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

39.
148.00
39.5 156.00
38.
139.00

COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS B --------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS A ---------------------------COMPUTER PROGRAMERS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS,
BUSINESS, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

39.5 220.50
40.0 224.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

153
148

40.0 215.00
40.0 215.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

207
180

194.50
194.00

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ---------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

123

157.00
153.50

39.5 116.50

TYPISTS, CLASS A -----------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING
PUBLIC UTILITIES --------------------------

186
150

39.0 113.00
39.5 110.50
38.5 137.50

39.0 100.50
39.5 105.50
94.00

101

40.0 192.50
40.0 189.00

ELECTRONIC TECHNICIANS -------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) MANUFACTURING --------------------------------

134
123

171.00
172.50

T a b l e A - 3 b . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m a n u f a c t u r i n g —E rie C o u n t y —
men and w o m e n c o m b in e d
( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k l y h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s ,

B u ffa lo ( E r i e C o u n ty ),

Average
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv is io n

O FF IC E

Number
of
workers

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)
Weekly

O ccu p a tion and in d u s try d ivis io n

OPERATORS,
35

4 0 .0

$
1 1 1 .5 0

Number
of

Weekly
[standard)

O F F IC E

O C CU PATIO N S

B O O KKEEPIN G-M ACH INE
CLASS B

N .Y .,

October

1971)

Average

O C CU PATIO N S

S EC R ETA R IES

-

-

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

CLASS

A ----------------------

278

3 9 .5

$

CLASS

B

---------------

289

3 9 .5

F IL E ,

C

-----------------------------

27

3 9 .5

B --------------------------------------

169

3 9 .0

1 5 5 .0 0

CLASS

C

211

3 9 .0

1 4 0.50

B ---------------------

123

4 0 .0

1 4 3 .5 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S A --------------------------------------------------

54

3 9 .5

2 1 7 .5 0

COMPUTER PR0GRAMERS,
B U S I N E S S , C L A S S B -----------------------------------

63

4 0 .0

1 9 7.0 0

COMPUTER

1 2 1 .0 0

CLERKS,

CLASS

1 5 7.0 0

ACCO UN TIN G ,

Weekly
earnings *
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
O C CU PATIO N S

C O NTINU ED

S EC R ETA R IES ,

ACCO UN TIN G ,

CLERKS,

Weekly
hours 1
standard)

CO N TIN U ED

SEC R ETA R IES,
CLERKS,

Number
of

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try divis io n

OPERATORS,

CLASS

9 3 .0 0

S E C R E TA R IE S ,
CLASS

CLASS

D --------------------------

299

3 9 .5

1 2 3.50

--------------------------

253

3 9 .5

1 1 2 .5 0

----------------------------

208

4 0 .0

1 3 4 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS,
-----------------------------------------------

154

3 9 .5

SEN IO R

1 3 0.0 0

SW ITCH BOARD

3 9 .5
3 7 .5

3 9 .0

1 3 2 .0 0

3 9 .0

1 0 6 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

A

---------------------------------------------------

(O FFIC E

CLASS
BOYS

A --------------------B ---------------------

AN D

G IR L S )-

132

3 9 .5

DRAFTSMEN,

CLASS

B

---------------------------------------------------

CLASS

C

---------------------------------------------------

TECH N IC IAN S

3 9 .0

1 1 5 .0 0

67

3 9 .0

9 6 .0 0

3 9 .5

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O PER ATO R S,
G E N E R A L ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------TY P IS TS ,

CLASS

A

52

3 9 .5

See

fo o t n o te

A

at end

--------------------------------------

42

3 9 .5

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

130

4 0 .0

44

4 0 .0

1 1 0 .5 0

10 1

---------------------------------------------------------

3 9 .0

1 1 4 .0 0

3 9 .5

1 3 7 .5 0

--------------------------------------

1 0 0 .0 0
NURSES,

CLASS

57
192

1 2 4.5 0

32B

721

CLASS

IN D U S TR IA L

(R E G IS T E R E D )

---------

93

o

CLASS

OPERATORS*

S E C R E TA R IE S ,

ANALYSTS,
B -----------------------------------

1 0 1.0 0

OPERATORS

OPERATORS,

MESSENGERS

40
156

1 5 3.5 0

216

A --------

DRAFTSMEN,

KEYPUNCH

177

----------------------------

O P E R A TO R -R E C E P TIO N IS T S -

ELEC TR O N IC

KEYPUNCH

------------------------------------------

PAYROLL

OPERATORS,

SW ITCHBOARD

CLERKS,

COMPTOMETER

COMPUTER SYSTEM S
B U S IN ES S, CLASS

O

ORDE R

GENERAL

STEN OG R APH ER S,

CLERKS,

--------------------------------------

1 7 0 .5 0

1 4 9 .5 0

of t a b l e s .

T a b l e A - 3 c . O f f i c e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , a n d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n s —m a n u f a c t u r i n g —N i a g a r a C o u n t y men and w o m e n c o m b in e d
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t -t im e w e e k ly h o urs and earn ing s fo r s ele cte d o c cupatio ns studied on an a re a b a s is ,

B u ffa lo (N ia g a ra C o u n ty ),

Average
O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d ivis io n

O FF IC E

Number
of
workers

Weekly

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard) (standard)

A C C O U N TIN G ,

CLASS

108

CLERKS,

A C C O U N TIN G ,

CLASS

29

CLASS

3 9 .0

S ee f o o tn o te a t e n d o f t a b l e s .

*

3 9 .5

33
9

-

of
workers

Weekly
[standard)

1971)

1 3 9 .0 0

*
1 3 4 .0 0

15
5*

Average

Weekly
earnings 1
(standard)

C O NTINU ED

Number
of

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d ivis io n

O F F IC E

-

O C CU PATIO N S

Weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Weekly
earning* 1
(standard)

CONTINU ED
$

Con

1 '■ C
’

t in u

175*00

SEC R ETA R IES

3

CLERKS,




3 9 .0

O C CU PATIO N S

$
1 6 3 .5 0

10 2

CLERKS,

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d ivis io n

O F F IC E

O C CU PATIO N S

CLERKS,

N .Y . , October

Average

S EC R ETA R IES
SECR ETAR IES

79

CLASS
CLA

S EC R ETA R IES

CLASS

4 0 .0

#

_

SW ITCHBOARD

1 5 9 .0 0

TY P IS TS *

1 5 7 .0 0

O P ER A TO R -R E C E P TIO N IS T S -

CLASS

B

J

13
3

3 9 .5

,u

nn
*

3 9 .5

1 1 0.5 0
1 0 4 .5 0

P R O F E S S I O N A L AN D T E C H N I C A L
O CCUPATIO N S

1 3 5 .0 0

_

33

*■

67
NURSES,

IN D U S TR IA L

(R EG IS TER ED )

------

4 0 .0

1 7 9 .5 0

43

4 0 .0

1 7 1 .5 0

19
T a b le A -4 .

M a in t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t i o n s —S M S A

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a lo ( S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N .Y ., O c t o b e r 1 9 7 1 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly earnings3

8

8

$

8

5

$

$

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 . 80

5 .0 0

8
5 .4 0

$

4 .5 0

8
5.2 0

s

4 . 40

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

4 . 50 4 . 6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

5. 00

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

ove r

33
33

12
11

11
11

17
8

26
19

18
18

4
1

35
34
1

90
89
1

155
152
3

53
53

52
28
24

158
15 5
3

15
15

435
387
48

23
19
4

15
15

15
15

40
40

1
1

38
38

-

-

-

-

37
34
3

16
5
11

25
17
8

-

31
31

16
16

-

-

-

-

”

~

13
13

_

_

39

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

39
39

8
Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

*

i

$

$

*

$

3 .2 0
workers

$

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 . 80 3 . 9 0

4 .0 0

4 . 10 4 . 2 0 4 . 3 0

3 .3 0

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv is i

$

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 . 90

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4

2

-

2
2

6
6

4
4

8
5

-

8
8

-

23
19

2
2

30
26

6
5

20
20

2
2

10

12
12

15
15

47
47

48
48

"

~

47
43
4

34
33
1

46
39
7

18
9
9

27
15
12

_
“

22
22

7
7

1
1
“

5
5

3
3

$

$

and

*

3 . 2 0 u n der
20

4 . 30 4 . 4 0

HEN

$

$

$

$

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

225
178

4 .7 1
4 .5 3

4 .5 6
4 .5 4

4 .3 0 4 .2 4 -

5 .0 3
4 .9 3

1

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

1 ,2 5 3
1 ,156
97

4 .8 9
4 .8 8
5 .0 8

4 .9 9
4 .9 1
5 .4 1

4 .5 4 4 .5 3 4 .9 2 -

5 .4 4
5 .4 4
5 .4 6

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------------------

429
355
74

4 .4 5
4 .4 5
4 .4 6

4 .3 5
4 .3 9
4 .2 5

3 .9 9 3 .9 8 4 .0 4 -

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

163
147

4 .1 5
4 .3 0

4 .1 8
4 .2 6

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRAOES --------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONHANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

284
181
103
87

3 .7 9
3 .68
3 .9 7
4 .0 8

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

534
530

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

“
-

5

6
6

“

_
-

5

“

4 .8 8
4 .8 6
5 .2 5

“

-

10
10

4

-

3 .7 3 3 .8 4 -

4 .5 0
4 .5 2

15

-

1
1

16
16

3 .83
3 .7 8
3 .85
3 .8 8

3 .3 9 3 .3 4 3 .6 3 3 .7 6 -

3 .9 7
3 .95
4 .5 4
4 .5 5

13
6
7
-

36
35
1

26
12
14
13

11
10
1

5 .2 5
5 .2 6

5 .5 3
5 .5 3

4 .8 5 4 .8 6 -

5 .5 9
5 .5 9

-

_

-

-

-

1 ,1 0 9
1 ,0 8 6

4 .9 5
4 .9 5

5 .0 6
5 .05

4 .5 4 4 .5 4 -

5 .5 3
5 .5 3

_

-

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
{MAINTENANCE I ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------

734
296
438
390

4 .6 6
4 .5 2
4 .7 6
4 .7 9

4 .5 1
4 .2 8
4 .6 2
4 .6 0

4 .2 4 4 .0 5 4 .3 4 4 .3 4 -

5 .3 4
5 .2 0
5.45
5 .4 7

10
10
10

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 ,2 2 5
1 ,1 7 8

4 .7 8
4 .8 0

4 .7 5
4 .7 8

4 .3 3 4 .3 8 -

5 .5 1
5.51

24
24

MILLWRIGHTS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 ,1 0 8
1 ,1 0 8

4 .9 1
4 .9 1

5 .01
5 .0 1

4 .6 1 4 .6 1 -

5 .3 4
5 .3 4

PAINTERS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

210
203

4 .6 1
4 .6 1

4 .51
4 .5 1

4 .3 2 4 .3 3 -

5 .1 9
5 .1 9

PI P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------HANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

704
698

4 .8 1
4 .8 1

4 .6 8
4 .6 8

4 .5 3 4 .5 4 -

5 .3 3
5 .3 3

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

308
287

5 .0 0
5 .0 5

5 .0 8
5 .0 9

4 .6 0 4 .6 7 -

5 .35
5 .3 5

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------

1 ,0 0 2
1,002

5 .2 4
5 .2 4

5.61
5 .61

4 .9 5 4 .9 5 -

5 .6 6
5 .6 6

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le s .




3

2
2

12

8

“

4

-

~
“

15
11
4

10
10

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

21
21

“

“

40
39
1

4
4

1
1

12
11

10
10

5
5

5
4
1
1

18
12
6
1

26
15
11
11

30
8
22
22

71
71

_

-

4

_

-

4

“

19
19

4
3

2
2

1
1

9
9

16
16

8
5

8
8

21
21

23
23

47

-

47

1
1

1
1

267
267

79
79

24
24

6
6

6
6

30
30

_

-

10
10

3
3

21
21

24
24

28
21

16
16

75
71

144
144

76
76

35
35

32
32

165
164

41
41

391
380

1
1

5
5

2
2
2

8
8
8

i
i

16
14
2
i

8
8
2

3
3
-

8
8
-

10
4
6
6

49
31
18
14

129
1
128
124

23
11
12
12

38
21
17
16

56
15
41
36

24
24

“

97
96
i
i

11
6
5
3

28
13
15
15

74
72
2
2

133
1
132
132

6
~
6
6

“

-

_

_

-

-

-

76
76

19
19

9
7

34
33

45
40

32
14

56
53

43
37

28
26

109
109

113
113

46
46

76
71

145
140

46
46

160
160

164
164

3
3

1
1

3
3

9
9

38
38

42
42

33
33

18
18

8
8

92
92

239
239

19
19

43
43

128
128

391
391

36
36

I
1

2
1

-

5
5

23
23

“

8
8

9
8

18
16

36
36

31
30

6
5

2
2

1
1

16
16

50
50

_

-

14
11

9
9

11
11

37
37

5
5

29
28

10
10

156
156

92
92

38
38

25
23

30
30

229
229

12
12

“

i
i

1
1

9
9

19

13
13

1

-

34
34

20
20

2
2

76
75

120
120

11
11

1
1

64
64

6
6

3
3

21
21

23
23

5
5

26
26

31
31

35
35

155
155

16
16

29
29

539
539

_

_

32
32

4

-

_

-

_

-

1
1

“

_

7

12

_

_

*

_

_

*

-

_

_

_
-

i
i
6
6

_

“

_
-

-

_

-

1
1

_

-

-

_

-

-

44
44

-

-

_
-

“

5
5

1
“

~

-

-

-

5
5

20

T a b le A -4 a .

M a in te n a n c e an d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a i g h t - t im e h o u r ly e a r n in g s o f—

Hourly earnings 3
t

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

3 .2 0
workers

M ean2

Median2

Middle range 2

$
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

*
3 .5 0

$
3 . 60

*

3 .7 0

$
3 .8 0

$
3 90

$
4 .0 0

s

4 .1 0

$
$
4 20 4 . 3 0

$

$

t

4 .40

4 .50

4 .60

$
4 .7 0

*

1

$

$

t

i

4 .80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .60

5 .8 0

$
and
3 . 20 u n d er
3 .3 0

SnH

4 . 30 4 . 4 0

4 .5 0

4 .60

4 .7 0

4 .80

5 .00

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

2
2

19
15

2
1

30
30

12
11

9
9

8
8

26
19

18
18

4
1

~

4
-

5
5

26
23

26
25

5
4

78
77

128
125

45
45

31
27

130
127

15
15

431
383

2
2

8
8

14
7

5
1

24
15

20
16

7
7

15
15

13
13

1
1

37
34

30
30

12
5

17
17

"

11
11

_

10
10

7
7

_

31
31

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

13
13

10
10

-

-

5
5

3
3

1
1

7
7

16
16

8
5

8
8

21
21

23
23

47
47

1
1

1
1

267
267

79
79

24
24

ii
ii

8
8

25
18

15
15

7
3

142
142

75
75

19
19

23
23

125
124

41
41

390
379

~

2
2

i
~

10
4

25
21

118
1

17
8

22
21

20
15

9
6

28
13

72
72

18
1

6

_

-

-

-

2
-

4
3

28
23

18
-

42
39

11
5

28
26

69
69

113
113

46
46

60
55

96
91

46
46

160
160

164
164

-

1
1

3
3

9
9

30
30

13
13

15
15

18
18

-

92
92

206
206

19
19

43
43

128
12 8

391
391

36
36

_

_

5
5

3
3

_
-

8
8

5
4

5
3

36
36

31
30

6
5

2
2

1
1

11
11

50
50

-

10
7

7

7
7

3
3

25
24

-

119
119

92
92

16
16

25
23

30
30

229
229

12
12

-

-

_

120
120

11
11

1
1

-

16
16

29
29

539
539

5
5

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 . 70

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 00

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

-

*

-

4
4

8
5

-

4
4

-

“

-

22
18

_

-

-

12
12

2
2

“

8
8

13
13

12
12

20
20

-

1
1

1
1

16
15

1
1

2
1

10
10

5
5

-

6

26
15
11
11

30
8
22
22

71
71

-

-

1

4
4

-

8
8

4
3

2
2

_

-

10
10

3
3

3
“

3
3

-

5
5

3
3

over

MEN
$

$

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

172
145

4 .6 9
4 .6 2

4 .5 9
4 .5 8

$
4 .3 2 4 .3 2 -

5 .06
5 .03

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

977
913

5 .0 4
5 .0 2

5 .1 4
5.11

4 .6 4 4 .6 4 -

5 .4 6
5 .4 6

-

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ---------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

244
209

4 .6 5
4 .6 8

4 .6 0
4 .6 5

4 .2 2 4 .2 5 -

5 .0 5
5 .0 5

-

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ----------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

94
93

4 .4 7
4 .4 8

4 .4 2
4 .4 3

4 .0 8 4 .1 2 -

4 .7 0
4 .9 0

_

HELPERS, MAINTENANCE TRADES -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ----------------------------

206
149
57
48

3 .7 2
3 .7 4
3 .6 7
3 .6 8

3 .8 3
3.91
3.75
3 .7 9

3 .4 3 3 .4 5 3 .4 0 3 .3 9 -

3 .9 4
3 .9 6
3 .8 4
3 .8 5

4
4

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

521
517

5 .2 9
5 .3 0

5 .5 4
5 .5 4

4 .8 8 4 .8 9 -

5 .5 9
5 .5 9

MACHINISTS, MAINTENANCE ----------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

899
876

5 .0 8
5 .0 8

5 .1 8
5 .1 8

4 .6 1 4 .6 1 -

5 .5 4
5 .5 4

_

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

355
167

4 .7 3
4 .9 0

4 .4 9
5 .0 9

4 .3 4 4 .5 1 -

5.31
5 .3 4

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

960
913

4 .9 2
4 .9 5

4 .9 6
5.01

4 .5 5 4 .5 9 -

5 .5 5
5 .56

-

MILLWRIGHTS ------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------------

1,0 1 2
1,012

4 .9 7
4 .9 7

5 .0 5
5.05

4 .6 3 4 .6 3 -

5 .3 4
5 .3 4

_

P A I N T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

168
161

4 .7 0
4 .7 1

4 .5 6
4 .5 6

4 .4 3 4 .4 4 -

5.32
5.32

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE --------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

587
581

4 .9 0
4 .9 0

4 .9 0
4 .9 2

4 .5 7 4 .5 7 -

5 .3 4
5 .3 4

-

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

286
265

5 .0 0
5 .0 5

5 .0 9
5 .1 9

4 .5 8 4 .6 4 -

5.35
5 .3 6

1
1

i
i

9
9

19
-

13
13

1
“

34
34

20
20

-

-

56
55

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS -------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

914
914

5 .3 1
5 .3 1

5 .6 2
5 .6 2

5 .0 4 5 .0 4 -

5 .6 6
5 .6 6

64
64

6
6

3
3

18
18

5
5

2
2

5
5

20
20

3
3

44
44

155
155

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of t a b le s .




¥
-

*

-

-

-

“

-

“

*

1
1

“

4
4

-

30
29
1

14
14
13

11
10
1
-

5
4
i
i

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

_

-

6
i

“

"

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_
-

i
"
68
68
_

_
_

~
"

_

-

1
1

i
i

2
1

-

-

_

-

“

“

1
1

7

1

n
n

_

_

-

_

_

-

5
5

5
5

1
*

-

_

_
_

21

T a b le A -4 b .

M a in te n a n c e a n d p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s —m a n u f a c tu r in g —E rie C o u n ty

(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s ,

B u f f a lo ( E r i e C o u n ty ) , N .Y ., O c t o b e r 1971)

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s re c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

Hourly e an lings 3

M edian ^

M iddle range ^

t
3 .1 0

S

$

S

$

i

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 . 30

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

over

6

Under
M ean 2

S

4

4

16

2

4

5

33

11

19

16

1

6

18

-

-

8

12

31

28

21

8

8

55

86

27

124

13

325

-

i

5

39

34

9

4

7

7

15

32

30

35

5

13

4

-

13

-

-

-

-

7

10

-

o
o

$

3 .2 0

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

and
under
4 .1 0

MEN

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------

128

$
4 .5 6

$
4 .5 5

$
4 .1 7 -

$
5 .05

E L E C T R IC IA N S ,

MAINTENANCE -------------------

780

4 .9 8

5 .0 9

4 .6 0 -

5.46

-

-

-

STATIONARY ---------------------------

275

4 .4 6

4 .4 9

3 .9 8 -

4 .8 7

-

-

-

-

-

32

ENGINEERS,

7

2

8

7

FIR E M E N ,

STATIONARY BOILER ----------------

56

4 .5 7

4 .4 2

4 .1 4 -

5 .35

-

-

-

-

-

~

1

i

5

-

12

HELPERS,

MAINTENANCE TRADES --------------

127

3 .7 5

3 .9 2

3 .2 9 -

3 .97

5

-

30

-

-

-

2

ii

-

71

-

5

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM —

435

5 .2 0

5 .5 2

4 .8 0 -

5.59

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

19

3

2

i

9

16

5

8

43

47

-

1

186

67

24

M A C H IN IS T S ,

805

4 .9 4

5 .0 6

4 .5 6 -

5 .52

-

-

-

6

6

30

-

-

10

3

15

5

12

4

39

125

67

32

154

41

250

1

5

MAINTENANCE -----------------------

3

3

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(M AINTENANCE) -------------------------------------------

248

4 .5 1

4 .2 2

4 .0 4 -

5 .31

-

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

3

8

96

-

17

-

6

15

5

12

68

1

-

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE -------------------------

973

4 .8 5

5 .0 1

4 .2 8 -

5 .55

-

24

-

-

-

76

-

19

7

25

40

10

51

19

9

45

92

59

127

46

160

164

MILLW RIGHTS -------------------------------------------------

696

5 .0 6

5 .2 9

4 .6 9 -

5 .3 6

3

9

29

-

-

38

96

24

128

313

36

P A IN T E R S ,

112

4 .7 9

5 .0 2

4 .3 9 -

5 .33

-

-

-

i

1

i

-

5

3

-

-

18

7

1

16

41

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

7

135

42

3

30

169

12

-

-

28

2

-

75

83

11

1

2

26

34

40

155

1

29

426

MAINTENANCE ---------------------------

15

-

3

5

10

MAINTENANCE ---------------------

433

4 .8 9

4 .7 9

4 .5 5 -

5 .3 4

6

11

1

3

4

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE —

209

5 .1 0

5 .0 9

5 .0 2 -

5.35

1

1

3

-

4

TOOL AND D IE

822

5 .2 2

5 .6 0

5 .0 0 -

5 .6 5

60

6

3

12

23

P IP E F IT T E R S ,

MAKERS --------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t e n d o f t a b le s .




-

4

3

5

5

22

T a b le A -4 c .

M a i n t e n a n c e a n d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g —N i a g a r a C o u n t y

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s , B u ffa lo (N ia g a r a C ou n ty ), N .Y ., O cto b e r 1971)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of—

H ourly e arn in gs3

occupatio n,

and in d u s tr y d ivis io n

$

(

t

S

I

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

3 .4 0

Sex,

N um ber
of
w orkers

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

3 .8 0

3 .9 0

4 .0 0

4 .1 0

4 .2 0

4 .3 0

4 .4 0

4 .5 0

4 .6 0

4 .7 0

4 .8 0

4 .9 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

5 .6 0

5 .8 0

over

_

U nde
$
and
3 * 3 0 u n d er

MEN

CARPENTERS,

ELEC TR IC IA N S ,
E N G IN E E R S ,
F IR E M E N ,

S TA TIO N A R Y

HELPERS,

M A IN TEN A N C E

M A C H IN IS TS ,

$
4 .6 8

-

-

2

-

-

1

-

i

-

3

-

22

_

-

11

-

-

8

-

2

-

-

--------------------

376

4 .6 7

4 .6 3

4 .3 7 -

5 .11

-

-

-

2

2

7

4

3

16

20

22

25

26

34

79

40

1

-

31

2

62

-

-

----------------------------------

80

4 .4 2

4 .3 4

3 .9 3 -

4 .6 5

-

-

-

-

4

16

-

5

-

11

12

8

-

9

-

-

4

3

-

4

-

4

-

-

10

3

-

18

16

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

-

6

19

9

12

32

19

32

12

-

-

10

-

130

-

-

4

14

1

5

6

10

-

-

3

1

4

-

-

-

2

18

17

64

59

8

-

12

13

-

-

-

-

18

18

8

54

15 1

11

-

19

-

78

-

-

-

----------

91

4 .1 4

4 .1 8

3 .7 2 -

4 .4 9

-

1

16

4

-

10

7

--------------

54

3 .5 2

3 .5 0

3 .3 6 -

3 .6 9

6

12

10

4

10

4

8

----------------------------

281

4 .9 7

4 .7 9

4 .4 8 -

5 .55

BO ILE R
TRADES

—

48

4 .5 3

4 .5 1

4 .2 6 -

4 .6 7

-------------------------------

205

4 .5 6

4 .5 8

4 .5 0 -

4 .6 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

---------------------------------------------------------------------

412

4 .6 7

4 .6 4

4 .5 1 -

4 .7 5

-

-

-

-

3

i

----------------------------------------------------------

M A IN TEN A N C E

M ILLW R IG H T S

M A IN TEN A N C E

P IP E FITTE R S ,
S H E E T-M E TA L
AND

$
4 .3 3 -

M A IN TE N A N C E

(M A IN TE N A N C E )

TOOL

$
4 .3 8

A U TO M O TIV E

M EC H A N IC S,

P A IN TE R S,

$
4 .4 6

---------------------------

M A IN TEN A N C E

S TA TIO N A R Y

M EC H A N IC S,

50

M AIN TEN A N C E

D IE

----------------------------------

M A IN TEN A N C E

------------------------

WORKERS,

M A IN TEN A N C E

MAKERS

------------------------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




-

8

-

4

-

-

9

42

91

4 .3 9

4 .4 3

4 .1 6 -

4 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

5

3

6

36

12

-

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

-

265

4 .6 8

4 .6 4

4 .3 9 -

4 .9 7

-

-

-

-

-

i

4

3

-

36

2

24

6

21

85

3

-

20

-

60

-

-

-

78

4 .9 1

4 .6 9

4 .5 8 -

5 .35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

9

-

6

20

-

-

-

-

37

-

-

-

180

5 .3 3

5 .6 2

4 .7 9 -

5 .6 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

9

-

3

-

-

32

4

-

-

15

-

113

-

23
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d ia l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s —S M S A

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a lo ( S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1971)
N

Hourly earnings3

oc cu p a tio n,

S
2 .0 0

*
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$

1 .9 0

Sex,

$
1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

225

384
-

876
-

120
-

1 .8 0

and in d u s try d ivis io n
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

ib e r of w o rk e rs

re ce ivin g

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

121

-

6

-

-

-

10
7

”

2
4

-

2

-

st r a i g h t - t i m e

h o u rly e arning s

of—

2 .8 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

S
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

t
5 .2 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5*20

over

49
39

76
68

83
70

98
56

172
148

118
98

4

-

-

3

-

-

10

8

13

42

24

46
22
24

20

1

“

10

44

52

44

148

22

98

3

-

t

i

and
under

ami

HEN
$

1 ,8 7 9

2 .5 3
3 .8 7
2 .1 4

$
2 .0 7
3 .9 9
2 .0 4

$
2 .0 0 3 .5 5 1 .9 6 -

$
3 .3 6
4 .1 8
2 .0 9

225

384

876

120

451

3 .9 6

4 .0 5

3 .7 4 -

4 .2 5

-

-

-

-

M ANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------

2 ,4 2 6
547

N O N M A N U FA CTU R IN G

---------------------------------------------------

GUARDS
M AN UFACTUR IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------

WATCHMEN
M AN UFACTUR IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------

96

3 .4 4

3 .4 5

3 .2 6 -

3 .6 4

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

JA N IT O R S ,
P O R T E R S , A N O C L E A N E R S --------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

2 ,6 1 7
1 ,6 1 4

2 .9 9
3 .3 6

3 .1 3

2 .2 4 -

3 .5 7

339

143

49

180

30

2 .9 7 -

3 .9 4

1 ,0 0 3
131

2 .3 8
3 .3 6

3 .4 4
2 .0 9

58
-

1 .9 6 3 .1 0 1 .9 9 -

2 .9 8
3 .5 6
2 .3 8

58

339

28
115

4
45

89
91

14
16

30
10
20

29

3

7

14

40

4

3

-

8

2

2

3

1

11

3 .1 6 3 .1 6 -

4 .0 9
4 .0 4

16
-

13
-

21
-

21
-

184

2 .5 8

16

21
21

313
63

72

13
13

181
3

311
305
6

99

45
4

164
159
5

376

16

38
36
2

49

4 .4 7
3 .8 8

66
50
16

26

3 .5 3 2 .0 4 -

77
58
19
9

3

5

6

6

4 .0 2
3 .6 8

_

_

10

53

99

-

10

99
-

102
48

-

42
5
37
2

~

31
15

127

GUARDS

AN D

WATCHMEN

---------------------------------------------------

P U B L IC

U T IL IT IE S

R E TA IL

TRADE

--------------------------------------------

3 .1 8
2 .2 3

1
120

-

----------------------------------------------------------

127

2 .3 0

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------------------------------

2 ,7 0 4

3 .6 0

2 ,0 5 7
647
145

3 .5 3
3 .8 1
2 .8 2
3 .6 0
3 .5 4
3 .6 4

3 .6 2
3 .5 6

3 .3 3 3 .4 5 -

---------------------------------------------------

519
220
299

3 .7 0

3 .2 4 -

4 .0 5

---------------------------------------------------------

141

3 .6 0

3 .6 7

3 .2 8 -

603
576

3 .6 3
3 .6 4

3 .6 7
3 .6 9

3 .2 9 3 .4 1 -

4 .1 5
4 .1 6

R E C E IV IN G CLER KS
M AN UFACTUR IN G

299
189
110
63

3 .6 3
3 .7 4

3 .6 6

3 .3 2 -

3 .9 6

1

1

9

6

1

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------------------------------

3 .4 3
3 .1 6

3 .7 2
3 .2 9
3 .2 9

3 .4 8 2 .5 7 2 .5 3 -

3 .9 4
4 .1 8
3 .8 9

1
1

1
1

9

6

1
1

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

164
129

3 .9 0
3 .9 1

3 .9 1
3 .7 9

3 .2 7 3 .2 8 -

127
58

4 .2 9
3 .9 0

4 .2 8
4 .0 6

4 .0 2 3 .6 8 -

4 .7 5
4 .2 3

TR U CK D R IV ER S
----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

2 ,9 4 7

4 .4 7
3 .9 9

26

3

22
4

7

8

13

ORDER
F I L L E R S -------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U FA CTU R IN G
R E TA IL

TRADE

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3 .7 3
3 .5 9
4 .3 0

-

-

3

9

29

24

18

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

90
68

92

258

204

379

_

-

_

_

-

16

186
18
-

305
74
34

13
12

4
-

279
9
9

-

-

22

128
130
76

196
192

288

lb

121
108

-

-

-

-

423
358

344
250

5

65
29

94
3

35

113

2

12
23

21
92

2
-

13

38

-

34
34

12
11

224
219

46
44
2
2

41

52
46
6

4
4

8
8

20

4
4

25
29

4 .5 4

4 .0 7 -

5 .1 1

4 .6 1

3 .8 7
4 .7 0

1 ,4 6 6
119

4 .7 6
3 .5 9

4 .6 0
3 .8 6

3
4
4
2

-

4 .3 6
5 .1 2
5 .1 5
4 .2 2

1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

482
183

4 .1 5
4 .0 6

4 .3 3
3 .8 8

3 .8 8 -

4 .3 8

3 .8 3 -

357
99

3 .8 2
3 .6 8

3 .9 9

3 .3 5 -

4 .3 4

258

3 .8 7

3 .7 5
4 .0 8

3 .3 5 3 .6 8 -

3 .9 4
4 .3 6

-

“

-

1

4

2

4

186
164
22
8

-

_

_

10

_

12
10

_

14

20

-

-

10

-

2

-

3

-

11

-

3

33
29

-

6
6

17
14

22
22

-

*

_

-

76
76

-

-

1

12

_

_

6

-

1
1

12
12

-

-

-

-

6
4

-

9

-

14
14

--------------------------------------------------

667
2 ,2 6 0

U T IL ITIE S
-------------------------------------------T R A D E ---------------------------------------------------------

N O N H AN U FAC TU R ING
P U B LIC
R E TA IL

TR U CK D R IV ER S,

LIG H T

N O N M A N U FA CTU R IN G

7
5
8
9

--------------------------------------------------

53
33
20
4

2
4
2
11

47
37
*

127

112
-

-

-

112

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

48
48

3
3

1
1

-

-

11
6
5
5

24
20
4
4

5
3

7
-

3
2

2
2

7
2

1

13
1
12

~

-

11

14
9

15
14

18
10

3
3

3
3

5
2

10
10

18
1’ 3

22
19

1

49

6

“

101
56
45

320
229
91

100

352
40
312
301

43
336
15

97
35
62
8

2

“

~

54
54

31
10
10

27

3

-

_

6

-

5

_

10

7

-

34

21

27
16

63

-

6

-

5

-

10

7

-

34

21

11

7

91
69
22

44

5

37
63
2

“

5

”

2

“

23

7

5

1

1

1

31

7

520
48
472
376
34

_

_

_

_

_

1

7

2

7

3

16

294

1

2

16

97
96

2

1

1

19

14

10

43

41

50

43

7
21

33
8

7

101
-

1
1

14

3
2
1

28

1
9

43

101

20

~
_

_

_

_

6

_

5
5

_

_

10
10

7
7

_

18
18

27
-

_

14
14
1
-

34
34

70

-

_

14
120

134

-

(U N D ER

S e e fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le s .




.6
.3
.3
.7

7
3
4

10

4 .5 1

T R U C K D R IV E R S , M ED IU M ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
A N D I N C L U D I N G 4 T O N S ) --------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

-

21

6

22
4
4

44
30
14

2
2

-

-

54

4 .3 8
4 .3 9

S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ---------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

106
102
4

4 .0 1

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

-

12
11
1

379

13
13

15
15

_
-

778
29
749

29
2
27

695

_
*

11
5
6

_

24
T a b le A -5 .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — S M S A ---- C o n t i n u e d

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d o n a n a r e a b a s i s b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a lo ( S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a ) , N . Y . , O c t o b e r 1971)
H ourly e arn in gs3

Sex,

occupatio n,

and in d u s try d ivis io n

Num ber
of
workers

N u m b e r of w orke rs

M ean ^

M edian ^

M iddle range ^

M AN UFACTUR IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------P U B LIC U T I L I T I E S
-------------------------------------------TR U C K D R IV ER S ,

1 ,4 0 5
141
1 ,2 6 4
842

$
4 .7 7
4 .2 0
4 .8 3
4 .9 5

$
4 .7 5

$
4 .5 5 3 .8 3 4 .5 6 4 .5 7 -

TR A ILE R

TYPE!

-----------------------

614

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

196
418

4 .5 4
3 .8 9
4 .8 4

4 .8 2
3 .7 5
5 .0 9

176

5 .0 1

5 .1 4

4 .0 7
3 .9 1
4 .7 3

--------------------------------------------

2 ,0 9 3
1 ,6 7 8
415
264

5 .1 5

4 .2 2
4 .2 1
5 .1 2
5 .1 5

T R U C K E R S , POWER (O T H E R T H A N
F O R K L I F T ) ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

375
375

4 .0 1
4 .0 1

2
3
2
2
2

U T IL IT IE S

POWER

TO NS,

--------------------------------------------

(F O R K L IF T)

---------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------P U B L IC

t
2 .5 0

*
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

*
4 .0 0

t

S

t

t

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

$
5 .0 0

*

2 .8 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

over

14
14
-

91

8
-

560
24

8
8

536

-

533

*

207
-

29

207
156

27

i

5 .1 6

4

TRUCKERS,

$
2 .4 0

4 .6 6
5 .1 4

(O V E R

P U B L IC

oJ

*
2 .3 0

$
5 .1 4

3 .9 3
4 .7 7
5 .1 2

HEAVY

THAN

e arning s

$
2 .2 0

5 .2 0

C O N TIN U ED

T R U C K D R IV E R S , H E A V Y <O VER 4 T O N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ! -------------------------------------------------------------

OTHER

h o u rly

$
2 .1 0

CO N TIN U ED

-

TR U CKD R IVER S

-

s tra ig h t-tim e

$
2 .0 0

and
under
1 .9 0

MEN

re ce ivin g

$
1 .9 0

11
11
-

*
1 .8 0

U T IL IT IE S

3 .9 1 -

5 .1 3

3 .5 3 4 .6 2 5 .1 2 -

3 .5 6 3 .5 6 -

1 .9 8
3 .2 4
1 .9 6
2 .5 8
1 .9 7

1
2
1
2
1

2
3
2
2
2

2 .4 9
2 .4 9
2 .4 8

2 .4 1 2 .4 5 2 .1 0 -

_

_

_

_

_

_

15

18

74

14

4 .3 6
4 .3 6

7
4
1
2
5

85

304

321

85

1
303

27
294

18

54
20

5 .1 8

4 .2 2
4 .2 2

_

5 .1 6

5 .1 3 -

_

4 .3 1
4 .2 7

4 .2 4 -

9
9

“

_

4 .1 9
5 .1 6
5 .1 7

3 .6 4 3 .4 8 -

63
28

1

12
12

35
54

89

25
17
8
“

13
2

13
4

43
16

11

9

27

20
20
20

*

-

173
171

104
104

82
40

-

42

826
772
54

30
30

2

223
174
49

123
123

55
55

76
22
54

“

65
61
4

47
47
-

190
190

12
12

4
4

53
53

41
41

10
10

17
17

32
32

25
25
-

27
22
5
5

51
49
2
2

55
54

14
14

-

26
26

-

12
12

3
3

-

11
11

-

2

_

8
8
-

61
61
-

7
7

15
15

6
6

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

264
264
264

-

_

WOMEN

JA N IT O R S ,
P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------P U B L IC U T I L I T I E S
-------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ----------------------------------------------------------

1 ,8 3 4
279
1 ,5 5 5
85
127

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G ---------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

134
76

2 .7 0
2 .8 8

58

2 .4 7

S e e f o o tn o te s a t e n d o f ta b li




.1
.0
.0
.6
.0

.9
.4
.9
.5
.9

3
3
3
1
1

-

.1 1
.5 0
.0 0
.6 5
.0 7

2 .8 9
3 .2 6
2 .8 4

1118

181

75
-

21
1097
-

22
159
-

26

57

18

3
-

2
-

10
-

3

2

10

75
-

21
-

39
26

33
-

21
-

13
-

33
17

6

*

3
_
-

13
13

_
-

45
4
41
-

46
8
38
32

44
42

2

2

2

47
7
40
29

31
1
30
-

2

15

2
-

5
4

27
4

2

1

23

1

-

_

_

25
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s to d ia l an d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a tio n s —la rg e e s ta b lis h m e n ts

( A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r l y e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t i o n s s t u d i e d i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p l o y i n g 5 0 0 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , B u f f a l o , N .Y ., O c t o b e r 1 9 7 1 )
H ourly earnings ^

N u m b e r of w o r k e rs

M ean 2

M e d ian 2

re ce ivin g

s tra ig h t-tim e h o u r ly ea rn ing s

S

o f—

S
2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

S
2 .6 0

$
2 .8 0

S
3 .0 0

S
3 .2 0

S
3 .4 0

$
3 .6 0

*
3 .8 0

4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

S
4 .8 0

S

2 .1 0

2 .3 0

5 .0 0

$
5 .2 0

$
5 .4 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5«40

over

100

75

116

6

2

3

16

21

58

2

1

2

14

21

52

84
56

117
117

22

98
98

4

1

55
44

22

“

$
1 .8 0

$
2 .2 0

“

"

~

$
1 .9 0

S
2 .0 0

1 .9 0

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
workers

2 .0 0

210

-

S

%

%

M iddle ran ge 2
under

MEN

G U A R D S A N D W A T C H M E N --------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------GUARDS
M AN UFACTUR IN G

987
433

-------------------------------------------------------------

384

J A N I T O R S , P O R T E R S , A N D C L E A N E R S ---------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,3 6 4

$
2 ,9 5

$
2 .2 9

$
2 .0 4 -

3 .9 9

3 .9 5

4 .0 4

3 .7 3 -

4 .2 7

4 .0 1

4 .0 8

3 .7 9 -

4 .4 1

-

-

3
3
2
3

3 .3 6

2 .9 0 -

3 .9 2

52

3
2
3
2

3
2
3
1

3
3
3
2

6
-

98
“

52
-

6
-

98
-

2
45
-

5

14

3

3

1

13

15

9

5

4

1

.2
.5
.6
.3

5
8
2
6

---------------------------------------------------

895
469

U T I L I T I E S -------------------------------------------T R A D E ---------------------------------------------------------

127
64

L A B O R E R S , M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

1 ,2 7 5
1 ,0 6 3
212

3 .7 2
3 .8 0

41

N O N M A N U FA CTU R IN G
P U B L IC
R E TA IL

N O N M A N U FA CTU R IN G
P U B LIC
R E TA IL
ORDER

---------------------------------------------------

U T IL IT IE S
-------------------------------------------T R A D E ---------------------------------------------------------

FIL LER S

--------------------------------------------------------------------

M AN U FACTU R IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------

NO N M ANUFACTUR IN G

2 .1 3

.6 1
.4 3
.1 8
.0 7

$

.3
.0
.1
.8

1
6
1
6

-

.9
.1
.5
.2

9
5
7
3

29
16

-

-

47

26
3
23

12
2
10

2

1

2

13

10

28

44

44

117

22

98

3

-

-

-

7
4

10

75
59

187

163

161

93

162

-

_

_

_

-

81
12
12

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

2

73
3

162
-

-

16
-

103
58
33

-

24
-

153
10
-

-

4
~

88
99

-

3
-

218
209
9

_

6

47
23

4

35
29
6

28
20

106
103

91
86

107
101

167

90

_

_

_

-

-

-

8

3

5

6

12
12

-

-

-

3
6

63
27
15
5

26
14

_

158
9

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

“

-

_

_

_

_

-

4 .1 4

3 .2 8

3 .5 3 2 .2 1 -

4 .2 0
4 .0 5

138

4 .1 2
2 .8 6

4 .0 3
2 .7 1

3 .8 7 2 .0 4 -

4 .5 2
3 .9 4

6

8

3

5

6

335

3 .7 4

3 .6 9

3

7

6

91

3 .6 3
3 .8 4

3 .5 6

4 .0 4
3 .6 9

2

157

3 .5 5 3 .4 8 -

5

4

91

77
23

4 .0 0

3 .6 7 -

4 .0 6

2

3

2

2

“

54

11
23

8

7
7

1

71
71

29
29

6

218

48

*
*

5

213

48

38

28

25
19
6

8
3

19
15
4
4

14
9
25
15
10

16

178

P A C K E R S , S H I P P I N G --------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

3 .9 5
3 .9 6

4 .1 3
4 .1 3

3 .6 3 3 .6 4 -

4 .1 8
4 .1 8

R E C E I V I N G C L E R K S ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E ---------------------------------------------------------

198
120

3 .7 7
3 .7 9

78
55

S H I P P I N G C L E R K S ---------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

82
73

TR U CK D R IVER S
----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------P U B L IC u t i l i t i e s
--------------------------------------------

13

15
15

9
9

5
5

4
4

1
1

4
4

2

385

13

LIG H T

(U N D E R

.7
.7
.7
.5

8

4
2
9
5

3 .4 8 3 .5 3 -

4 .1 4
3 .9 6

1

1

1

3 .7 3
3 .3 3

3
3
3
3

2 .9 4 2 .5 8 -

4 .6 3
3 .9 9

1
1

1
1

1
1

4 .3 6
4 .4 0

4 .3 0
4 .3 5

3 .9 5 3 .9 6 -

4
4
4
3

.0 9
.0 7
.1 1
.9 9

4 .0 3
3 .9 4
4 .2 8
3 .6 7

3
3
3
3

4
4
4
4

103
98

4 .2 5
4 .3 0

4 .3 8
4 .3 9

T R U C K D R IV E R S , M ED IU M ( 1 - 1 / 2 T O
A N D I N C L U D I N G A T O N S ) --------------------------------TR U C K D R IV E R S , HEAVY (O V ER 4 TO N S ,
T R A I L E R T Y P E ) ------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------

69

3 .9 5

3 .9 3

216

4 .1 8
4 .0 5
4 .3 2

4 .2 5
3 .9 0

3 .8 9 3 .8 3 4 .2 5 -

75

3 .8 4

3 .8 3

3 .5 7 -

4 .0 3

4 .2 2

3 .7 4 -

4 .2 8

1 ,3 2 0

4 .0 3

4 .2 3

3 .7 3 -

4 .2 8

S e e fo o tn o te s




12

10

3

11

10

3
3

144
46
98
2

39
36
3

42
27
15
15

21
13
8
8

_

4

2
2

4
4

2
2

10
10

2
2

4

14

4

6
6

9
8

33
11
22
20

57
32
25
24

158
151

1
1

3
2

4
4

25
24

2
1

19
19

34
34

3

3

6

33

1

2

2

3

9

85

3

14
14

64

1
1

63

-

-

~

“

1

-

6
1
5

1

5

3 .8 9

1 ,3 7 9

i

6

4 .3 7

T R U C K E R S , P O W E R ( F O R K L I F T ) -------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

7
2

-

4 .2 8

4

2
2

6

12
12

3 .8 1 -

-----------------------

7
-

1
1

1

(O V E R

5
3

1

3

11

7
2

“

9

_

1

-

1

1

-

3
3

1
1

4 .5 6
4 .5 7

TYPE)

-

42
40

5
5

-

_

_
“

3

2

13
1
12

_
-

-

6
6

8
8

-

_

3

_

_

-

~

-

”

”

_

_

_

“

13
13

1

15

-

-

-

4

27
27

8

_
“

_
-

8

-

-

-

-

8
8

61

_

_

85

1
3

-

~

TO NS,

a t end of ta b le s .

3
23
23

7
7

24

2

34

1

11

125
125

121
119

114

65
65

82
40

773
771

101

-

-

10

3 .8 7 3 .8 8 -

HEAVY

THAN

-

5
3

-

TR A ILE R

OTHER

2
2

6

4 .3 7
4 .5 5

4 .3 2

109
107

113
21
92

_

-

.3
.3
.3
.6

1
3

12

1

-

10
29

1

1

3
3
8
9

65

254
250
4

_

7
8
6
4

.8
.8
.6
.5

34

304
239

1

4 .6 3
4 .7 8

535
340
195
72

_

,

1 - 1 / 2 T O N S ) -------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

TR U CK D R IV ER S,

394

-

1

3 .3 9 -

---------------------------------------------------

TR U CK D R IV ER S,

9

3 .8 5
3 .8 6
3 .8 1

16

3

_

61

-

26
T a b le A -5 a .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — l a r g e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s -----C o n t i n u e d

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d in e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e b y in d u s try d iv isio n , B u ffa lo , N .Y ., O cto b e r 1971)
N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of —

H ourly e arn in gs3

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

Num ber
of
w orkers

*
1 .8 0
M ean 2

M edian ^

M iddle ran ge ^

$

*

*

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

S

t

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

*
2 .8 0

3 .0 0

$
3 .2 0

*
3 .4 0

*
3 .6 0

*
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .2 0

4 .4 0

s
4 .6 0

4 .8 0

$
5 .00

*
5 .20

*
5 .40

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .8 0

3 .0 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .4 0

over

5
5

41
41

10
10

17
17

32
32

123
123

55
55

7
7

15
15

6
6

_

■

45
45

47
46

14
14

-

16
16

_

_

_

t

S

t

an d
u n d er
1 .9 0

HEN -

t

and

CONTINUED

$
4 .1 4
4 .1 4

$
4 .2 5
4 .2 5

$

$

323
323

3I96-

4 .4 1

546
169

2 .5 0
3 .3 0

2 .1 5
3 .3 8

2 .0 2 3 .1 6 -

3 .1 2
3 .5 5

83

2 .6 0

2 .5 8

2 .5 1 -

2 .6 5

TRUCKERS» POWER (OTHER THAN

12

WOMEN

JANITO RS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

64

48
10

153

16

13

23

2

36

38

32

29

NONMANUFACTURING

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of t a b le s .




17

4
4

27
22

_

27
T a b le A -5 b .

C u s to d ia l a n d m a te ria l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t io n s —m a n u f a c t u r in g —E rie C o u n ty

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s , B u ffa lo ( E r i e C ou nty), N .Y ., O cto b e r 1971)
N u m b er o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of —

H ourly e arn in gs3

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Num ber
of
w orkers

M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

M iddle range 2

$
2 .0 0

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

S
2 .3 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2 .6 0

$
2 .7 0

i
3 .0 0

1
3 .10

3 .4 0

»
3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

$
4 .4 0

i

3.20

*
3 .6 0

$

2 .8 0

(
2 .9 0

t

2 .4 0

4 .60

$
4 .8 0

s
5 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .70

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .10

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 .00

4 .20

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

over

29

to

16

$
1 .9 0

4

84

13

10

102

25

68

26

37

14

84

122

202

49

192

238

-

-

-

-

124

170

158

358

250

99

48

12

21

15

116

22

8

52

32

40

t

%

i

and
u n d er
2 .0 0

HEN
$

$

3 .3 4

3 .2 5

3 .5 9

3 .4 3

2 .8 0 -

3 .9 6

J.

4.U

3 '5

3 6G

$

55
JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS -----

$

3 .4 4

1 ,2 8 6

3 .3 4
-o

i V

3 54

3
trt
10

15
8

1 t4
101

3 .4 6

3 .7 3
3 .8 3

3 .3 9

3 .2 4 -

3 .9 2

1

2

14

4 .4 3

2

TRUCKDRIVERS,

3 .8 0 -

4 .3 7

4 .0 8

3 .8 8

3 .8 3

4 .j1

1

3 .5 5

TRUCKDRIVERS,

3 .8 8

173

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT

4 .0 0

3 .3 9

3 .3 4

3 .0 6

41

4.0 -.

3 .0 9

15

13
48

51

2

4

4

H 3

1 KULM/KI v l Kj

26
.

37

olZ

j l l l r r 1 Nw Afiu KLLL i V 1 n o ULtHIVo

1:2

199

t2

35

2

1

1

14

35

6

19

25

2
8

92

40

33

(UNDER

MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

i

TO

7

54

16

1

57

13

1

HEAVY (OVER A TONS,
96

*

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
8
POWER ( FORKLIFT)

TRUCKERS,

1 ,2 9 3

3 .9 2

4 .2 2

3 .4 3

4 .2 0

313

TRUCKERSi

4 .1 0

4.2 ^

3 .0 0

3 .0 2

3 .2 0

2 .2 9 -

3 .4 7

2-8

.

16

153

72

27

51

6<-6

50

8

61

-

19

-

-

-

-

4 .4 1

226

6i

20

POWER (OTHER THAN

7

WOMEN

JANITORS,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




21

22

-

16

-

4

8

2

i

1

17

9

13

39

48

6

28
T a b le A -5 c .

C u s t o d i a l a n d m a t e r ia l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s — m a n u f a c t u r i n g —N i a g a r a C o u n t y

(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s , B u ffalo (N ia g a r a C ou nty), N .Y ., O c to b e r 1971)
N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s of —

H ourly e arn in gs3

S e x , o c c u p a tio n , and in d u s try d iv isio n

Num ber
of
workers

%
U nder
M ean 2

M e d ia n 2

(
2 .2 0

M iddle range 2

2 .2 0

$
2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

t
2 .5 0

s

t
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .2 0

»
3 .3 0

$
3 .4 0

t

3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

t

2 .6 0

3 .50

3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

$
4 .0 0

$
4 .20

$
4 .4 0

$
4 .6 0

s
4 .8 0

S
5 .00

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .3 0

3 .4 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .6 0

4 .8 0

5 .0 0

5 .20

23

39

14

28

14

28

-

-

-

-

-

s

and
u n d er
2 .3 0

M
IEN

175

$
3 .8 5

$
3 .8 5

$
3 .4 8 -

$
4 .2 0

9

1

35

8

1

2

21

8

22

42

52

51

10

25

5

13'
3 .4 5

WATCIIMCN
JANIT ORS ,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

328

3 .4 9

3 .4 1 -

3 .6 5

3 .4 3

3 .4 8

3 .3 0 -

3 .6 4

3 .7 1

3 .5 4

3 .7 8

408
28

3 96
3 .

jj

3 .9 4

3 .0 7

4 .6 8

3 .9 3

j

-

-

-

-

6

7

9
7

23

*

6

59

-

155

67

41

4 .0 0

4 . 52

1

4 .3 4

4 .0 6

5

4 30

3 .0

45

MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2

4 .3 2

3*96

25

TRUCKDRIVERSv

4 .2 1

1 74

14
12

2
1

12
36

9

13

10

25

10

20

TO

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

385
TRUCKERS,

3*0

• 91

.6

t

.I

j

9

.2

8

6

r4

146

■*

POWER (OTHER THAN
3 .^ 7

3 .5 6

3 .2 0

3 .9 1

3 .1 5

3 .2 6

2 .6 7 -

3 .6 3

4

ii

3

WOMEN

JANITO RS ,

PORTERS,

AND CLEANERS ------

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end o f t a b le s .




53

-

10

-

-

-

5

'

5

2

*

-

9

i

-

6

8

-

7

-

-

-

-

-

29

Footnotes1
3
2
1 S ta n d a r d h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e of p a y fo r o v e r tim e
at r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , an d the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d to th e se w e e k ly h o u r s .
2 Th e m e a n i s co m p u ted fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s o f a l l w o r k e r s and d iv id in g b y the n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n
d e s ig n a te s p o sitio n — h a lf of the e m p lo y e e s s u r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o r e than the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a t e show n. T h e m id d le
ra n g e i s d e fin e d b y 2 r a t e s o f p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s than the lo w e r of t h e s e r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o r e than the h ig h e r r a te .
3 E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r tim e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te s h ift s .







A p p e n d ix .

O c c u p a tio n a l D e s c r ip tio n s

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f ie ld s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r ia t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s an d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b li s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b le jo b c o n te n t.
B e c a u s e o f t h i s e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m is t s a r e in s t r u c t e d
to e x c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

O F F IC E
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G — C o n tin u e d

B I L L E R , M A C H IN E
P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d in v o i c e s o n a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a t i c t y p e w r it e r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b il lin g s o r s h ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n ta l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e st u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .
C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t io n s w h ich
r e q u i r e th e a p p lic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t , f o r e x a m p le , c l e r i c a l l y p r o c e s s i n g c o m ­
p l i c a t e d o r n o n r e p e t it iv e a c c o u n t in g t r a n s a c t i o n s , s e l e c t i n g a m o n g a s u b s t a n t ia l v a r i e t y o f
p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s a n d c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s , o r t r a c i n g t r a n s a c t i o n s th r o u g h p r e v io u s
a c c o u n t in g a c t io n s to d e t e r m in e s o u r.c e o f d i s c r e p a n c i e s . M a y b e a s s i s t e d b y o n e o r m o r e
c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e ( c o m b in a t io n ty p in g
a n d a d d in g m a c h in e ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s a n d in v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , i n t e r ­
n a lly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , s h ip p in g m e m o r a n d u m s , e t c .
U s u a ll y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e ­
d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r
m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e , a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e d
b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g
p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , fo llo w in g d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s t a n d a r d iz e d p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l o p e r a t i o n s , su c h a s p o s t in g to
l e d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o r k s h e e t s w h e r e id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f i t e m s a n d lo c a t i o n s o f p o s t i n g s a r e
c l e a r l y in d ic a t e d ; c h e c k in g a c c u r a c y a n d c o m p l e t e n e s s o f s t a n d a r d iz e d a n d r e p e t it i v e r e c o r d s
o r a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a n d c o d in g d o c u m e n t s u s in g a fe w p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g c o d e s .

B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t
a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a ­
t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s th e s i m u lt a n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e
m a c h in e a u t o m a t ic a ll y a c c u m u l a t e s f i g u r e s o n a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u te s
a n d u s u a l ly p r i n t s a u t o m a t ic a ll y th e d e b it o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s .
D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g .
W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m a n d s t a n d a r d t y p e s o f s a l e s a n d c r e d i t s l i p s .

C L E R K , F IL E
F i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s , a n d r e t r i e v e s m a t e r i a l in a n e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m . M a y p e r f o r m
c l e r i c a l an d m a n u a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in f i l e s . P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e
b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .
C l a s s A . C l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , t e c h ­
n i c a l d o c u m e n t s , e t c ., in an e s t a b l i s h e d f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t
m a t t e r f i l e s . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c tio n
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R
O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e (w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d
o f b u s in e ss tr a n s a c tio n s .

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , an d f il e s
in g s o r p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s .
A s re q u e ste d ,
w a rd s m a t e r ia l. M ay p e r fo r m r e la te d

C l a s s A . K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e o f a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it a n d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o rk . M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
by han d.
C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f o n e o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s o f a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a l ly
r e q u ir i n g l i t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d is t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d is t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .
C L E R K , A C C O U N T IN G
P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e a c c o u n t in g c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h a s p o s t in g to r e g i s t e r s an d l e d g e r s :
r e c o n c il in g b an k a c c o u n t s : v e r i f y in g th e in t e r n a l c o n s is t e n c y , c o m p l e t e n e s s , a n d m a t h e m a t ic a l
a c c u r a c y o f a c c o u n t in g d o c u m e n t s ; a s s i g n i n g p r e s c r i b e d a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n c o d e s ; e x a m in in g
an d v e r i f y in g fo r c l e r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a r i o u s t y p e s o f r e p o r t s , l i s t s , c a l c u l a t i o n s , p o s t in g , e t c .;
o r p r e p a r i n g s i m p le o r a s s i s t i n g in p r e p a r i n g m o r e c o m p lic a t e d jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s .
M a y w o rk
in e ith e r a m a n u a l o r a u t o m a t e d a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m .
T h e w o rk r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f c l e r i c a l m e th o d s a n d o f f ic e p r a c t i c e s an d p r o c e d u r e s
w h ich r e l a t e s to th e c l e r i c a l p r o c e s s i n g an d r e c o r d in g o f t r a n s a c t i o n s a n d a c c o u n t in g in f o r m a t io n .
W ith e x p e r i e n c e , th e w o r k e r t y p ic a ll y b e c o m e s f a m i l i a r w ith th e b o o k k e e p in g a n d a c c o u n t in g t e r m s
an d p r o c e d u r e s u s e d in th e a s s i g n e d w o r k , b u t i s no t r e q u ir e d to h a v e a k n o w le d g e o f th e f o r m a l
p r i n c i p l e s o f b o o k k e e p in g an d a c c o u n t in g .




NOTE:

u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
f in e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x an d
l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t ifie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r ­
c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u ir e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .

C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u tin e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a l p h a b e t ic a l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s
r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C L E R K , O RDER
R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e by m a i l , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u tie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s an d q u a n t it ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o£ c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
in v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .
C LER K , PAYRO LL
C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u tie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n in g s b a s e d o n t i m e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; an d
p o s t in g c a lc u la t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o rk in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , an d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d is t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s . M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

T h e B u r e a u h a s d is c o n tin u e d c o ll e c t in g d a t a f o r o i l e r s a n d p l u m b e r s .

3
1

32
CO M PTO M ETER O PERATOR

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t i c a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ich m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n ta l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .

N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e fin it io n s fo llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f ic a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o lic y m a k in g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a j o r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t l e " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l ly in d ic a t iv e o f t h i s r o l e , d o e s no t
in a l l c a s e s id e n tif y su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l ly on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t io n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e n o t c o n s i d e r e d to b e
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

KEYPUN CH O PERATOR
O p e ra te s a keypun ch
t a b u la t in g c a r d s o r on t a p e .

m a c h in e

to r e c o r d

o r v e rify

a lp h a b e t ic

a n d / o r n u m e r ic

d a ta on
C la ss A

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s on th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .
a ll,
C l a s s A . W o rk r e q u i r e s th e a p p lic a t i o n o f e x p e r i e n c e a n d ju d g m e n t in s e l e c t i n g p r o c e ­
d u r e s to b e fo llo w e d a n d in s e a r c h i n g f o r , i n t e r p r e t in g , s e l e c t i n g , o r c o d in g i t e m s to b e
k e y p u n c h e d f r o m a v a r i e t y o f s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s . On o c c a s i o n m a y a l s o p e r f o r m s o m e r o u tin e
k e y p u n c h w o rk .
M a y t r a i n in e x p e r ie n c e d k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . W o rk i s r o u t in e a n d r e p e t i t i v e . U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r fo llo w in g s p e c i f i c
p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s , w o r k s f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d iz e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d , a n d f o llo w s s p e c i f i e d p r o c e d u r e s w h ich h a v e b e e n p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a il a n d r e q u ir e
l i t t l e o r n o s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g o f d a t a to b e r e c o r d e d . R e f e r s to s u p e r v i s o r
p r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s o r m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n .

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 000 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
3 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , im m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r l e v e l ,
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss
a ll,

P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s su c h a s ru n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o rk .
E x c lu d e p o s i t i o n s th a t r e q u i r e o p e r a t io n o f a m o t o r v e h i c le a s a s i g n i f ic a n t d u ty .
SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l ly to o n e in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e la t io n s h ip to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e p e n d e n tly r e ­
c e iv in g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e . P e r f o r m s v a r i e d c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l
d u t ie s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
a.
R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s , p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n ­
q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s t e c h n ic a l i n q u i r i e s to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ;
b.

E s ta b lis h e s ,

c.

M a in t a in s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o in tm e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ;

d.

R e la y s m e s s a g e s fro m

m a in ta in s ,

a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r 's f i l e s ;

by

o t h e r s f o r th e

M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o t h e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b l e n a t u r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e an d u n d e r s t a n d in g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d t o ‘ th e w o rk o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
N o t a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s .
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ich a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e fin itio n a r e a s f o llo w s :
do

no t m e e t

th e

"p e r s o n a l"

3 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d , i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r l e v e l , o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w i d e fu n c tio n a l a c t iv i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a ­
t i o n s , e t c .) m* a m a j o r g e o g r a p h ic o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g io n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv is io n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 b u t fe w e r th a n 2 5 ,0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; or
4 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . (o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
5 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d im p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f an o r g a n i z a t io n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d re d p e r s o n s ) o r a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

2 . S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f ic i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D

s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .

w h ich

B

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

1. S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s n o t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t io n s in th e d e fin itio n f o r c l a s s B , b ut w h o s e o r g a n i z a t io n a l
u n it n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a ­
t io n a l s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o f te n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n ie s , t h i s l e v e l
in c lu d e s a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t io n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r

s u p e r v i s o r to s u b o r d in a t e s ;

e . R e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d u m s , an d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d
s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ;
P e rfo rm s

o f a m a jo r

2 . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r (o th e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 100 b u t fe w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

M E S S E N G E R (O ffic e B o y o r G ir l)

f.

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
o v e r 100 b ut f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r *
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a.

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se c re ta ry

b.

con cept

1. S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t io n a l u n it ( e . g . , fe w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 30 p e r s o n s ) ; m*
2 . S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic ia n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E : M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)

E x a m p le s

d e sc rib e d

STEN O G R A PH ER
above;

S t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u lly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l ty p e d u t ie s ;

c . S t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n ic a l, o r
m a n a g e r ia l p e r so n s;
d . S e c r e t a r y p o s it i o n s in w h ich th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t ia ll y m o r e r o u t in e o r s u b ­
s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e fin itio n ;

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d ic t a t io n u s in g s h o r t h a n d , a n d to t r a n s c r i b e th e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l. M a y o c c a s i o n a l l y t r a n s c r i b e
f r o m v o ic e r e c o r d i n g s ( if p r i m a r y d u ty i s t r a n s c r i b i n g f r o m r e c o r d i n g s , s e e T r a n s c r i b i n g - M a c h i n e
O p e r a t o r , G e n e r a l) .
N O T E : T h is jo b i s d is t i n g u is h e d f r o m th a t o f a s e c r e t a r y in th a t a s e c r e t a r y n o r m a l ly
w o r k s in a c o n f id e n t ia l r e la t io n s h ip w ith o n ly o n e m a n a g e r o r e x e c u t iv e a n d p e r f o r m s m o r e
r e s p o n s i b l e a n d d i s c r e t i o n a r y t a s k s a s d e s c r i b e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b d e fin itio n .
S te n o g ra p h e r, G e n e ral

e.
A s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ich in v o lv e m o r e d if f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h ­
n i c a l , a d m i n i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ich a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f
s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk .




D ic ta tio n in v o lv e s a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s ,
o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .

33
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r ) — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C o n tin u e d

P o s i t i o n s a r e c l a s s i f i e d in to l e v e l s o n th e b a s i s o f th e fo llo w in g d e f in i t io n s .

S t e n o g r a p h e r , S e n io r
D ic t a t io n in v o l v e s a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s
o r r e p o r t s o n s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h . M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR
P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f ic a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n ­
s i b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l , a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g :
W o rk r e q u i r e s a h ig h
d e g r e e o f s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s
a n d o f f i c e p r o c e d u r e ; an d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e ­
d u r e s , f i l e s , w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s an d
r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l t a s k s su c h a s m a in t a in in g fo llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s ,
m e m o r a n d u m s , a n d l e t t e r s ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g an d
r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , i n t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u ll te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h en th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
fu n c tio n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n tly p r e s e n t f r e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ich e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s in g le - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m it e d te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e fu n c tio n s o f th e e s t a b li s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e
in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w hen
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n is h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)
T h e s e c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s d o not in c lu d e s w it c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r s in te le p h o n e c o m p a n ie s who
a s s i s t c u s t o m e r s in p l a c in g c a l l s .
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T
In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w it c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o rk m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h ile a t
s w it c h b o a r d .
T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R ( E l e c t r i c A c c o u n tin g M a c h in e O p e r a t o r )
O p e r a t e s o n e o r a v a r i e t y o f m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , c o l l a t o r , i n t e r ­
p r e t e r , s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , e t c . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is d e f in itio n a r e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s .
A l s o e x c lu d e d a r e o p e r a t o r s o f e l e c t r o n ic d i g i t a l c o m p u t e r s , e v e n th o u g h th e y m a y a l s o o p e r a t e
E A M e q u ip m e n t.

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u l a t in g a s s i g n m e n t s in c lu d in g d e v i s i n g
d if f i c u l t c o n t r o l p a n e l w ir in g u n d e r g e n e r a l s u p e r v i s i o n .
A s s ig n m e n t s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ich o fte n a r e i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g , r e q u ir i n g
s o m e p la n n in g o f th e n a tu r e an d s e q u e n c in g o f o p e r a t i o n s , a n d th e u s e o f a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h in e s .
I s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g n ew o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t io n s o r t r a i n in g
lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s in w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d in th e o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g an d
c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e p o s i t i o n s in w h ich w ir in g r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s l i m it e d to
s e l e c t i o n a n d i n s e r t i o n o f p r e w ir e d b o a r d s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s w o r k a c c o r d in g to e s t a b l i s h e d p r o c e d u r e s a n d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in ­
s t r u c t i o n s . A s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e c o m p le t e b u t r o u t in e a n d r e c u r r i n g r e p o r t s o r p a r t s
o f l a r g e r a n d m o r e c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u la t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c ­
c o u n tin g m a c h in e s su c h a s th e t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s i m p l e r m a c h in e s
u s e d b y c l a s s C o p e r a t o r s . M a y b e r e q u ir e d to do s o m e w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s . M a y t r a i n
n e w e m p l o y e e s in b a s i c m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s .
C l a s s C . U n d e r s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s , o p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g
m a c h in e s su c h a s th e s o r t e r , i n t e r p r e t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c .
A s sig n m e n ts
t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e p o r t io n s o f a w o rk u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t in g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s ,
o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t i o n s . M a y p e r f o r m s i m p le w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s , a n d d o s o m e f il in g w o rk .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R , G E N E R A L
P r i m a r y du ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n c o p y a n d do s i m p le c l e r i c a l w o rk .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y su c h a s
l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n
in s h o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p li c a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y do c l e r i c a l
a s k e e p in g s i m p le r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s ,

a t e r i a l s o r to m a k e o u t b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
w o rk in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n in g , su c h
o r s o r t in g a n d d is t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .

C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en
it in v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l li n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c tu a tio n , e t c ., o f te c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e ­
r i a l ; o r p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y
a n d b a l a n c e in s p a c in g . M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s , v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m ro u g h o r c l e a r
d r a f t s ; o r r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; o r s e t t in g u p s i m p le s t a n d a r d
t a b u l a t io n s ; o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e t u p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

P R O F E S S IO N A L A N D T E C H N IC A L
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

COM PUTER OPERATOR
M o n it o r s a n d o p e r a t e s th e c o n t r o l c o n s o l e o f a d i g it a l c o m p u t e r to p r o c e s s d a t a a c c o r d in g
to o p e r a t in g i n s t r u c t i o n s , u s u a l l y p r e p a r e d b y a p r o g r a m e r . W o rk in c lu d e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
S t u d ie s in s t r u c t i o n s to d e t e r m in e e q u ip m e n t s e t u p a n d o p e r a t i o n s ; lo a d s e q u ip m e n t w ith r e q u ir e d
it e m s (ta p e r e e l s , c a r d s , e t c .) ; s w i t c h e s n e c e s s a r y a u x i l i a r y e q u ip m e n t in to c i r c u i t , a n d s t a r t s
a n d o p e r a t e s c o m p u t e r ; m a k e s a d ju s t m e n t s to c o m p u t e r to c o r r e c t o p e r a t in g p r o b l e m s a n d m e e t
s p e c i a l c o n d itio n s ; r e v i e w s e r r o r s m a d e d u r in g o p e r a t io n a n d d e t e r m i n e s c a u s e o r r e f e r s p r o b l e m
to s u p e r v i s o r o r p r o g r a m e r ; a n d m a in t a in s o p e r a t in g r e c o r d s . M a y t e s t a n d a s s i s t in c o r r e c t i n g
p rog ram .
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

c o m p u t e r o p e r a t o r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u te r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s :
N ew p r o g r a m s a r e f r e q u e n t ly t e s t e d
a n d in t r o d u c e d ; sc h e d u lin g r e q u i r e m e n t s a r e o f c r i t i c a l im p o r t a n c e to m i n im iz e d o w n tim e ;
th e p r o g r a m s a r e o f c o m p le x d e s ig n s o t h a t id e n t i f ic a t i o n o f e r r o r s o u r c e o fte n r e q u i r e s a
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e t o t a l p r o g r a m , a n d a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s m a y n o t b e a v a i l a b l e . M a y
g iv e d ir e c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e to lo w e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s in d e p e n d e n tly , o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n , a c o m p u te r ru n n in g
p r o g r a m s w ith m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s : M o s t o f th e p r o g r a m s a r e e s t a b l i s h e d
p r o d u c tio n r u n s , t y p ic a ll y ru n on a r e g u l a r l y r e c u r r i n g b a s i s ; t h e r e i s li t t l e o r no t e s t in g




o f n ew p r o g r a m s r e q u i r e d ; a l t e r n a t e p r o g r a m s a r e p r o v id e d in c a s e o r i g i n a l p r o g r a m n e e d s
m a j o r c h a n g e o r c a n n o t b e c o r r e c t e d w ith in a r e a s o n a b l e t i m e . In c o m m o n e r r o r s i t u a ­
t i o n s , d i a g n o s e s c a u s e a n d t a k e s c o r r e c t i v e a c t io n . T h is u s u a l ly in v o l v e s a p p ly in g p r e v i o u s l y
p r o g r a m e d c o r r e c t i v e s t e p s , o r u s in g s t a n d a r d c o r r e c t i o n t e c h n iq u e s .
OR
O p e r a t e s u n d e r d i r e c t s u p e r v i s i o n a c o m p u t e r ru n n in g p r o g r a m s o r s e g m e n t s o f p r o g r a m s
w ith th e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A . M a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r b y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly p e r f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t t a s k s fo llo w in g
d e t a ile d i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d w ith f r e q u e n t r e v i e w o f o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d .
C l a s s C . W o rk s on r o u t in e p r o g r a m s u n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n . I s e x p e c t e d to d e v e lo p
w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f th e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t u s e d a n d a b i li t y to d e t e c t p r o b l e m s in v o lv e d in
ru n n in g r o u t in e p r o g r a m s . U s u a ll y h a s r e c e i v e d s o m e f o r m a l t r a i n in g in c o m p u t e r o p e r a t io n .
M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l o p e r a t o r on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S IN E S S
C o n v e r t s s t a t e m e n t s o f b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s , t y p ic a ll y p r e p a r e d b y a s y s t e m s a n a l y s t , in to
a s e q u e n c e o f d e t a ile d in s t r u c t i o n s w h ich a r e r e q u i r e d to s o l v e th e p r o b l e m s b y a u t o m a t ic d a ta
p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . W o rk in g f r o m c h a r t s o r d i a g r a m s , th e p r o g r a m e r d e v e lo p s th e p r e c i s e i n ­
s t r u c t i o n s w h ich , w h en e n t e r e d in to th e c o m p u t e r s y s t e m in c o d e d la n g u a g e , c a u s e th e m a n ip u la tio n

34
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M E R , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d
o f d a t a to a c h ie v e d e s i r e d r e s u l t s . W o rk in v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : A p p li e s k n o w le d g e o f
c o m p u t e r c a p a b i l i t i e s , m a t h e m a t i c s , lo g ic e m p lo y e d by c o m p u t e r s , a n d p a r t i c u l a r s u b je c t m a t t e r
in v o lv e d to a n a ly z e c h a r t s a n d d i a g r a m s o f th e p r o b l e m to b e p r o g r a m e d ; d e v e lo p s s e q u e n c e
o f p r o g r a m s t e p s ; w r i t e s d e t a ile d flo w c h a r t s to sh o w o r d e r in w h ich d a t a w ill b e p r o c e s s e d ;
c o n v e r t s t h e s e c h a r t s to c o d e d i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r m a c h in e to fo llo w ; t e s t s a n d c o r r e c t s p r o g r a m s ;
p r e p a r e s i n s t r u c t i o n s f o r o p e r a t in g p e r s o n n e l d u r in g p r o d u c tio n ru n ; a n a l y z e s , r e v i e w s , a n d a l t e r s
p r o g r a m s to i n c r e a s e o p e r a t in g e f f i c ie n c y o r a d a p t to n ew r e q u i r e m e n t s ; m a in t a in s r e c o r d s o f
p r o g r a m d e v e lo p m e n t a n d r e v i s i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s an d p r o ­
g r a m i n g s h o u ld b e c l a s s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n o f
o th e r e l e c t r o n i c d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r p r o g r a m e r s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n t if i c
a n d / o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

p r o g r a m e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s w h ich
r e q u i r e c o m p e t e n c e in a l l p h a s e s o f p r o g r a m i n g c o n c e p t s a n d p r a c t i c e s . W o rk in g f r o m d i a ­
g r a m s a n d c h a r t s w h ich id e n t if y th e n a t u r e o f d e s i r e d r e s u l t s , m a j o r p r o c e s s i n g s t e p s to be
a c c o m p l is h e d , an d th e r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n v a r i o u s s t e p s o f th e p r o b l e m s o l v in g r o u t in e ;
p la n s th e fu ll r a n g e o f p r o g r a m i n g a c t io n s n e e d e d to e f f i c ie n t l y u t il iz e th e c o m p u te r s y s t e m
in a c h ie v i n g d e s i r e d en d p r o d u c t s .
A t t h i s l e v e l , p r o g r a m i n g i s d if f i c u l t b e c a u s e c o m p u te r e q u ip m e n t m u s t b e o r g a n i z e d to
p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in t e r r e la t e d but d iv e r s e p r o d u c ts fr o m n u m e ro u s an d d iv e r s e d a ta e le m e n t s.
A w id e v a r i e t y a n d e x t e n s iv e n u m b e r o f in t e r n a l p r o c e s s i n g a c t io n s m u s t o c c u r . T h is r e q u i r e s
su c h a c t io n s a s d e v e lo p m e n t o f c o m m o n o p e r a t io n s w h ich c a n b e r e u s e d , e s t a b li s h m e n t o f
lin k a g e p o in ts b e tw e e n o p e r a t i o n s , a d ju s t m e n t s to d a t a w h en p r o g r a m r e q u i r e m e n t s e x c e e d
c o m p u t e r s t o r a g e c a p a c i t y , a n d s u b s t a n t i a l m a n ip u la t io n a n d r e s e q u e n c in g o f d a t a e l e m e n t s
to f o r m a h ig h ly in t e g r a t e d p r o g r a m .
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n a l d ir e c t i o n to lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to a s s i s t .
C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n o n r e l a t i v e l y s i m p le
p r o g r a m s , o r o n s i m p l e s e g m e n t s o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r s e g m e n t s ) u s u a l ly
p r o c e s s in f o r m a t io n to p r o d u c e d a t a in tw o o r t h r e e v a r i e d s e q u e n c e s o r f o r m a t s . R e p o r t s
a n d l i s t i n g s a r e p r o d u c e d b y r e f in i n g , a d a p t i n g , a r r a y i n g , o r m a k in g m i n o r a d d it io n s to - o r
d e le t io n s f r o m in p u t d a t a w h ich a r e r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e .
W hile n u m e r o u s r e c o r d s m a y b e
p r o c e s s e d , th e d a t a h a v e b e e n r e f in e d in p r i o r a c t io n s s o th a t th e a c c u r a c y a n d s e q u e n c in g
o f d a t a c a n b e t e s t e d b y u s in g a fe w r o u t in e c h e c k s .
T y p ic a ll y , th e p r o g r a m d e a l s w ith
r o u t in e r e c o r d - k e e p i n g ty p e o p e r a t i o n s .
OR
W o rk s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s ( a s d e s c r i b e d f o r c l a s s A ) u n d e r c l o s e d ir e c t i o n o f a h ig h e r
l e v e l p r o g r a m e r o r s u p e r v i s o r . M a y a s s i s t h ig h e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r b y in d e p e n d e n tly p e r ­
f o r m i n g l e s s d if f i c u l t t a s k s a s s i g n e d , a n d p e r f o r m i n g m o r e d if f i c u l t t a s k s u n d e r f a i r l y c l o s e
d ir e c t i o n .
M a y g u id e o r i n s t r u c t lo w e r l e v e l p r o g r a m e r s .
C l a s s C . M a k e s p r a c t i c a l a p p lic a t i o n s o f p r o g r a m in g p r a c t i c e s a n d c o n c e p t s u s u a l ly
l e a r n e d in f o r m a l t r a i n i n g c o u r s e s . A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p c o m p e t e n c e in th e
a p p lic a t i o n o f s t a n d a r d p r o c e d u r e s to r o u t in e p r o b l e m s . R e c e i v e s c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n on n ew
a s p e c t s o f a s s i g n m e n t s ; a n d w o rk i s r e v ie w e d to v e r i f y i t s a c c u r a c y a n d c o n f o r m a n c e w ith
re q u ir e d p r o c e d u r e s .
C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S IN E S S
A n a l y z e s b u s i n e s s p r o b l e m s 'to f o r m u la t e p r o c e d u r e s f o r s o lv in g th e m b y u s e o f e l e c t r o n ic
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e q u ip m e n t . D e v e l o p s a c o m p le t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f a l l s p e c i f i c a t i o n s n e e d e d to e n a b le
p r o g r a m e r s to p r e p a r e r e q u i r e d d i g i t a l c o m p u te r p r o g r a m s . W ork in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
A n a l y z e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r o p e r a t i o n s to b e a u t o m a t e d a n d i d e n t i f ie s c o n d itio n s a n d c r i t e r i a r e q u ir e d
to a c h ie v e s a t i s f a c t o r y r e s u l t s ; s p e c i f i e s n u m b e r a n d t y p e s o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , a n d d o c u m e n t s to
b e u s e d ; o u t li n e s a c t io n s to b e p e r f o r m e d b y p e r s o n n e l a n d c o m p u t e r s in s u f f ic i e n t d e t a il f o r
p r e s e n t a t i o n to m a n a g e m e n t a n d f o r p r o g r a m i n g ( t y p ic a ll y t h is in v o l v e s p r e p a r a t i o n o f w o rk an d
d a t a flo w c h a r t s ) ; c o o r d in a t e s th e d e v e lo p m e n t o f t e s t p r o b l e m s a n d p a r t i c i p a t e s in t r i a l r u n s o f
n ew a n d r e v i s e d s y s t e m s ; a n d r e c o m m e n d s e q u ip m e n t c h a n g e s to o b ta in m o r e e f f e c t i v e o v e r a l l
o p e r a t i o n s . (N O T E : W o r k e r s p e r f o r m i n g b o th s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s a n d p r o g r a m i n g sh o u ld b e c l a s ­
s i f i e d a s s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s i f t h i s i s th e s k i l l u s e d to d e t e r m in e t h e i r p a y .)
D o e s n o t in c lu d e e m p l o y e e s p r i m a r i l y r e s p o n s i b l e f o r th e m a n a g e m e n t o r s u p e r v i s i o n
o f o th e r e l e c t r o n ic d a t a p r o c e s s i n g e m p l o y e e s , o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s p r i m a r i l y c o n c e r n e d w ith
s c i e n t i f i c o r e n g in e e r in g p r o b l e m s .
F o r w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o ll o w s :

C l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on c o m p le x p r o b l e m s i n ­
v o lv in g a l l p h a s e s o f s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s . P r o b l e m s a r e c o m p le x b e c a u s e o f d i v e r s e s o u r c e s o f
in p u t d a t a a n d m u l t i p l e - u s e r e q u i r e m e n t s o f o u tp u t d a t a . ( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s a n i n t e g r a t e d
p r o d u c tio n s c h e d u l in g , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , c o s t a n a l y s i s , a n d s a l e s a n a l y s i s r e c o r d in w h ich




C O M P U T E R S Y S T E M S A N A L Y S T , B U S I N E S S — C o n tin u e d
e v e r y it e m o f e a c h ty p e i s a u t o m a t ic a ll y p r o c e s s e d th r o u g h th e fu l l s y s t e m o f r e c o r d s a n d
a p p r o p r i a t e fo llo w u p a c t io n s a r e in it i a t e d b y th e c o m p u te r .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to
d e t e r m in e th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s an d a d v i s e s s u b je c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l on th e i m p l i c a ­
t i o n s o f n ew o r r e v i s e d s y s t e m s o f d a t a p r o c e s s i n g o p e r a t i o n s . M a k e s r e c o m m e n d a t io n s , i f
n e e d e d , f o r a p p r o v a l o f m a j o r s y s t e m s i n s t a l l a t i o n s o r c h a n g e s a n d f o r o b ta in in g e q u ip m e n t.
M a y p r o v i d e f u n c tio n a l
a s sist.

d ir e c t i o n

to lo w e r

l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t s w ho a r e a s s i g n e d to

C l a s s B . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly o r u n d e r o n ly g e n e r a l d ir e c t i o n on p r o b l e m s th a t a r e
r e l a t i v e l y u n c o m p l ic a t e d to a n a ly z e , p la n , p r o g r a m , a n d o p e r a t e . P r o b l e m s a r e o f l i m it e d
c o m p le x i t y b e c a u s e s o u r c e s o f in p u t d a t a a r e h o m o g e n e o u s a n d th e o u tp u t d a ta a r e c l o s e l y
re la te d .
( F o r e x a m p le , d e v e lo p s s y s t e m s f o r m a in t a in i n g d e p o s i t o r a c c o u n t s in a b a n k ,
m a in t a in i n g a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e in a r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t , o r m a in t a in in g in v e n t o r y a c c o u n t s
in a m a n u f a c t u r i n g o r w h o l e s a le e s t a b li s h m e n t .) C o n f e r s w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d e t e r m in e
th e d a t a p r o c e s s i n g p r o b l e m s a n d a d v i s e s s u b j e c t - m a t t e r p e r s o n n e l o n th e im p l i c a t i o n s o f th e
d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s y s t e m s to b e a p p lie d .
OR
W o rk s on a s e g m e n t o f a c o m p le x d a t a p r o c e s s i n g s c h e m e o r s y s t e m , a s d e s c r i b e d f o r
c l a s s A . W o rk s in d e p e n d e n tly on r o u t in e a s s i g n m e n t s a n d r e c e i v e s in s t r u c t i o n a n d g u id a n c e
on c o m p le x a s s i g n m e n t s . W o rk i s r e v ie w e d f o r a c c u r a c y o f ju d g m e n t , c o m p lia n c e w ith in ­
s t r u c t i o n s , a n d to i n s u r e p r o p e r a li n e m e n t w ith th e o v e r a l l s y s t e m .
C l a s s C . W o rk s u n d e r im m e d i a t e s u p e r v i s i o n , c a r r y i n g o ut a n a l y s e s a s a s s i g n e d , u s u a l ly
o f a s i n g l e a c t iv i t y .
A s s i g n m e n t s a r e d e s ig n e d to d e v e lo p a n d e x p a n d p r a c t i c a l e x p e r i e n c e
in th e a p p lic a t i o n o f p r o c e d u r e s a n d s k i l l s r e q u i r e d f o r s y s t e m s a n a l y s i s w o r k . F o r e x a m p le ,
m a y a s s i s t a h ig h e r l e v e l s y s t e m s a n a l y s t b y p r e p a r i n g th e d e t a ile d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s r e q u ir e d
b y p r o g r a m e r s f r o m in f o r m a t io n d e v e lo p e d b y th e h ig h e r l e v e l a n a l y s t .
D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f ic a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m i n o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e o n th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n e n ts a n d p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o rk i s
r e v ie w e d b y d e s ig n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e i r p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . ' P e r f o r m s n o n r o u tin e 'a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e su c h w o rk a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le , f u n c t io n s , a n d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e tw e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s ^ o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f lo o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc.
R e c e i v e s in i t i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , a n d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .
C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n its o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
( d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f
c o m p o n e n t s a n d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o l i d a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
and a d ju s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a le a s r e q u ir e d .
S u g g e s t e d m e t h o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e o n s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s . I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D RA FT SM A N - T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d by o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m it e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t li n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e not r e q u ir i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
A N D /O R
P r e p a r e s s i m p le o r r e p e t it i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

E L E C T R O N I C T E C H N IC IA N
W o rk s on v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e l e c t r o n ic e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s b y p e r f o r m i n g o n e o r m o r e
o f th e fo llo w in g o p e r a t i o n s : M o d ify in g , i n s t a l l i n g , r e p a i r i n g , a n d o v e r h a u lin g . T h e s e o p e r a t io n s
r e q u i r e th e p e r f o r m a n c e o f m o s t o r a ll o f th e fo llo w in g t a s k s :
A s s e m b l i n g , t e s t i n g , a d ju s t i n g ,
c a l i b r a t i n g , tu n in g , a n d a lin in g .
W o rk i s n o n r e p e t it iv e a n d r e q u i r e s a k n o w le d g e o f th e t h e o r y a n d p r a c t i c e o f e l e c t r o n i c s
p e r t a in in g to th e u s e o f g e n e r a l an d s p e c i a l i z e d e l e c t r o n ic t e s t e q u ip m e n t; t r o u b le a n a l y s i s ; a n d
th e o p e r a t io n , r e l a t i o n s h i p , a n d a lin e m e n t o f e l e c t r o n ic s y s t e m s , s u b s y s t e m s , a n d c i r c u i t s h a v in g
a v a r ie ty o f com p on en t p a r t s .

35
E L E C T R O N I C T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

N U R S E , IN D U S T R IA L (R e g ist e r e d )

E l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t o r s y s t e m s w o r k e d on t y p i c a l l y in c lu d e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g :
G r o u n d , v e h i c le , o r a i r b o r n e r a d i o c o m m u n i c a t io n s s y s t e m s , r e l a y s y s t e m s , n a v ig a t io n a i d s ;
a ir b o r n e o r gro u n d r a d a r s y s t e m s ; r a d io an d te le v isio n t r a n s m ittin g o r r e c o r d in g s y s t e m s ; e l e c ­
t r o n ic c o m p u t e r s ; m i s s i l e a n d s p a c e c r a f t g u id a n c e a n d c o n t r o l s y s t e m s ; i n d u s t r i a l a n d m e d i c a l
m e a s u r i n g , in d ic a tin g an d c o n t r o llin g d e v i c e s ; e t c .

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d ir e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t on th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s ' i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a lu a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l . N u r s in g s u p e r v i s o r s
o r h e a d n u r s e s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e n u r s e a r e e x c lu d e d .

(E x c lu d e p r o d u c tio n a s s e m b l e r s a n d t e s t e r s , c r a f t s m e n , d r a f t s m e n , d e s i g n e r s , e n g i n e e r s ,
a n d r e p a i r m e n o f su c h s t a n d a r d e l e c t r o n i c e q u ip m e n t a s o f f ic e m a c h i n e s , r a d i o a n d t e l e v i s i o n
r e c e iv i n g s e t s . )

M A IN T E N A N C E A N D P O W E R P L A N T
C A R P E N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E

M A C H IN IS T , M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u i ld ­
in g w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s b in s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s ,
s t a i r s , c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o rk f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; m a k ­
in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s s a r y
f o r th e w o r k .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a r t s a n d n ew p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ic a l
e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g w r it te n
i n s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y in g o ut o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a c h i n i s t 's
h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e t o o l s ;
s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g t o d im e n ­
s i o n s o f w o r k , t o o lin g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f
th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t .
In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o rk
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l ly a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

E L E C T R I C I A N , M A IN T E N A N C E
P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s su c h a s th e in s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e , o r
r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d is t r i b u t i o n , o r u t il iz a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in an e s t a b ­
li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a ll in g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f e l e c ­
t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k e r s ,
m o t o r s , h e a tin g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m b l u e ­
p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e e l e c t r i c a l
s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f w ir in g o r
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g an d t e s t i n g
i n s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d
e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E N G I N E E R , S T A T IO N A R Y
O p e r a t e s an d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a tin g a n d m a in t a in in g e q u ip m e n t
su c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t ila t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t in g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h in e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v i s e t h e s e o p e r a t i o n s . H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n o n e
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N , ST A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R
F i r e s s t a t io n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n is h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , g a s , o r o il b u r n e r ; a n d
c h e c k s w a te r an d s a fe ty v a lv e s .
M a y c l e a n , o il , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H E L P E R , M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S
A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in te n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , su c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p lie d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , an d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o rk th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e : In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n fin e d
to s u p p ly in g , li f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s , a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in o t h e r s
h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e a l s o
p e r f o r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a f u l l - t i m e b a s i s .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R , T O O LR O O M
S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a tio n o f one o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , su c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l in d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i ll in g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n o f
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g
a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t io n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u ir i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s o r
a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a tio n
to a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d im e n s io n s .
M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n iz e w h en t o o l s n e e d
d r e s s i n g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g an d lu b r ic a t i n g o i l s .
For
c r o s s - i n d u s t r y w a g e stu d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g
sh o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .




M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E ( M a in te n a n c e )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i le s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk i n ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o tiv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ; d i s ­
a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f su c h h a n d to o ls a s w r e n c h e s ,
g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r fit tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r
d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d in s t a l l i n g th e v a r i o u s
a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le an d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a li n in g w h e e ls , a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s
a n d li g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
tra in in g and e x p e rie n c e .

T h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n d o e s n o t in c lu d e m e c h a n ic s w ho r e p a i r c u s t o m e r s ' v e h i c l e s in a u t o ­
m o b il e r e p a i r s h o p s .
M E C H A N IC , M A I N T E N A N C E
R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t o f an e s t a b li s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s th a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d to o ls in s c r a p i n g a n d f it tin g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith i t e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r in g th e p r o d u c tio n o f a r e p la c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e t o a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c tio n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l ly a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
E x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y d u tie s
in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s n ew m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r h e a v y
e q u ip m e n t w h en c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u ir e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g :
P la n n in g an d la y in g o u t o f th e w o r k ; in t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y
o f h a n d to o ls a n d r ig g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s , s t r e n g t h o f
m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v it y ; a lin in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d t o o l s ,
e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d i n s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r t r a n s m i s s i o n
e q u ip m e n t su c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s . In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o rk n o r m a l ly r e q u i r e s
a ro u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P A I N T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
P a i n t s a n d r e d e c o r a t e s w a l l s , w o o d w o rk , a n d f i x t u r e s o f a n e s t a b li s h m e n t . W o rk in v o lv e s
th e fo llo w in g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s an d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u ir e d f o r d if f e r e n t a p p l i c a ­
t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld fin is h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r in n a il

36
P A I N T E R , M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gun o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s , w h ite
le a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n s i s t e n c y . In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e
m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n in g an d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .

up an d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h in e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls
in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p in g , fit t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l l i n g s h e e t - m e t a l a r t i c l e s
a s r e q u ir e d .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o rk o f th e m a in t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u ir e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t tr a i n in g
and e x p e r ie n c e .

P I P E F I T T E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e an d p i p e f it t in g s in an
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : L a y in g o u t o f w o rk a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o c a t e
p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e to
c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p i p e - c u t t in g m a c h i n e s ; t h r e a d i n g
p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h i n e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to
p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; an d m a k i n g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r f in ­
ish e d p ip e s m e e t sp e c ific a tio n s.
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a t i o n
o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R , M A IN T E N A N C E
F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x t u r e s
(s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s , m e t a l
r o o fin g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g ; P la n n in g an d la y i n g o u t a l l
t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b lu e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; s e t t in g

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f ix t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s ,* f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y i n g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b lu e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l an d w r it te n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
u s in g a v a r i e t y o f t o o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls an d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
st a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s o f c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g o f
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , a n d to o lin g o f m a c h i n e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d ie s to a c h ie v e r e q u ir e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s an d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h i s c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l an d

d ie m a k e r s in t o o l

an d d ie jo b b in g

C U S T O D I A L A N D M A T E R IA L M O V E M E N T
P A C K E R , S H IP P IN G — C o n tin u e d

G U A R D A N D W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l ic e d u t ie s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g o r d e r ,
u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y . I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n who a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e a n d c h e c k
on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r i n g .

a n d s i z e o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to
p r e v e n t b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g
id e n tify in g d a t a on c o n t a i n e r .
P a c k e r s w ho a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c l u d e d .

W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l en try .,

S H IP P IN G A N D R E C E IV IN G C L E R K

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
(S w ee p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n i t r e s s )
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t ie s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o llo w in g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o l is h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h ip s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s t in g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x ­
t u r e s o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v i d in g s u p p li e s a n d m i n o r m a in t e n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s ,
s h o w e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d i s e f o r sh ip m e n t, o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e f o r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s . S h ip p in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f sh ip p in g p r o ­
c e d u r e s , p r a c t ic e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f tr a n s p o r t a t io n , an d r a t e s ; and p r e p a r in g r e c o r d s
o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g up b i l l s o f la d in g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s , a n d k e e p in g
a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s .
M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d i s e fo r sh ip m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o rk i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s o f s h ip m e n t s
a g a i n s t b i l l s o f la d i n g , i n v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g f o r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g d a m ­
a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d i s e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in t a in in g n e c e s s a r y
r e c o r d s and f ile s .
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,

L A B O R E R , M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G
( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ;
w a re h o u se m a n o r w a re h o u se h e lp e r)

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a s f o llo w s :

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k
sh e lv e r ;

tru c k e r;

sto ck m an

o r sto c k h e lp e r;

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s an d
m e r c h a n d i s e on o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e lo c a t io n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w ho lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .
ORDER F IL L E R
(O r d e r p i c k e r ; s t o c k s e l e c t o r ; w a r e h o u s e st o c k m a n )
F i l l s s h ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d itio n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m it t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p li e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T R U C K D R IV E R
D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e tw e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s su c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e ig h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d
c u s t o m e r s ' h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m i n o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r i v e r - s a l e s m e n an d
o v e r - th e - r o a d d r i v e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
f o ll o w s :

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t , a s
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r s h o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c i t y .)
T r u c k d r i v e r ( c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r 1 V2 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to a n d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

T R U C K E R , POW ER
P A C K E R , SH IP P IN G
P r e p a r e s f in is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e ty p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r
o f u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s
th e p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g ;
K n o w le d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r t o v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e




O p e r a t e s a m a n u a l ly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l in e - o r e l e c t r ic - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to t r a n s p o r t
g o o d s a n d m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t .
F o r w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k ,

p o w e r ( f o r k l if t )
p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )

a s fo ll o w s :

AvailabB© Ooi (R©qu©@t—
T h e fo llo w in g a r e a s a r e su r v e y e d p e r io d ic a lly fo r u s e in a d m in is te r in g th e S e r v ic e C o n tr a c t A c t o f 1965.
a v a ila b le a t no c o s t w h ile s u p p lie s l a s t fr o m an y o f th e B L S r e g io n a l o f f i c e s sh ow n on th e in s id e fr o n t c o v e r .

A la sk a
A lb a n y , G a.
A lp e n a , S ta n d ish , and T a w a s C ity , M ic h .
A m a r illo , T e x .
A s h e v ille , N .C .
A tla n tic C ity , N .J .
A u g u sta , G a — .C .
S
A u stin , T e x .
B a k e r s f ie ld , C a lif.
B a to n R o u g e, L a.
B ilo x i, G u lfp o rt, and P a s c a g o u la , M is s .
B r id g e p o r t, N o r w a lk , and S ta m fo r d , C onn.
C h a r le s to n , S .C .
C la r k s v ille , T e n n ., and H o p k in s v ille , K y.
C o lo r a d o S p r in g s , C o lo .
C o lu m b ia , S .C .
C o lu m b u s, G a — la .
A
C r a n e , Ind.
D oth an, A la .
D uluth— u p e r io r , M inn.—W is.
S
D u rh a m , N .C .
E l P a so , T ex.
E u g e n e , O re g .
F a r g o — o o rh ea d , N . D ak.— in n.
M
M
F a y e t t e v ille , N .C .
F itc h b u r g — e o m in s t e r , M a s s .
L
F o r t S m ith , A rk .— kla.
O
F r e d e r ic k — a g e r sto w n , M d.—P a .—W. V a.
H
G re a t F a ll s , M ont.
G r e e n sb o r o — in ston S a le m — igh P o in t, N .C .
W
H
H a r r is b u r g , P a .
H u n ts v ille , A la .
K n o x v ille , T en n .

C o p ie s o f p u b lic r e l e a s e s a r e

L ared o, T ex.
L as V e g a s, N ev.
L e x in g to n , K y.
L o w e r E a s t e r n S h o r e , Md.— a.
V
M a co n , Ga.
M a r q u e tte , E s c a n a b a , S au lt S te . M a r ie , M ich .
M e r id ia n , M is s .
M id d le s e x , M on m ou th , O ce a n and S o m e r s e t
C o s ., N .J .
M o b ile , A la ., and P e n s a c o la , F la .
M o n tg o m e r y , A la .
N a s h v ille , T en n .
N e w L ondon— r o to n -N o r w ic h , C onn.
G
N o r th e a s te r n M ain e
O gd en , U tah
O rla n d o , F la .
O xn ard — e n tu r a , C a lif.
V
P a n a m a C ity , F la .
P in e B lu ff, A r k .
P o r ts m o u th , N .H .— ain e— a s s .
M
M
P u e b lo , C o lo .
R eno, N ev.
S a c r a m e n to , C a lif.
S an ta B a r b a r a , C a lif.
S h r e v e p o r t, L a.
S p r in g fie ld — h ic o p e e — o ly o k e , M a s s —C onn.
C
H
S to c k to n , C a lif.
T a c o m a , W ash .
T o p e k a , K a n s.
T u c so n , A r iz .
V a lle jo — ap a, C a lif.
N
W ich ita F a l l s , T e x .
W ilm in g to n , D e l.— .J .— d.
N
M

T he e le v e n th ann ual r e p o r t on s a l a r ie s fo r a c c o u n ta n ts , a u d ito r s , c h ie f a c c o u n ta n ts , a tto r n e y s , job a n a ly s t s , d ir e c t o r s o f p e r s o n n e l,
b u y e r s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s , e n g in e e r in g t e c h n ic ia n s , d r a fts m e n , and c l e r i c a l e m p lo y e e s . O rd er a s B L S B u lle tin 1693, N a tio n a l
S u r v e y o f P r o f e s s i o n a l, A d m in is tr a tiv e , T e c h n ic a l, and C le r ic a l P a y , June 1 9 7 0 , $ 1 .0 0 a c o p y , fr o m th e S u p e rin te n d en t o f D o c u m e n ts ,
U .S . G o v er n m e n t P r in tin g O ffic e , W ash in gton , D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 , o r any o f it s r e g io n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s .




☆

U. S. G O V E R N M E N T

P R IN TIN G

O F F IC E :

1 9 7 2 -7 4 5 -1 0 3 /5 9




Area W age Surveys
A l i s t o f th e l a t e s t a v a i l a b l e b u l l e t i n s i s p r e s e n t e d b e l o w .
A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e stu d ie s in clud in g m o r e lim ite d s tu d ie s co n d u cted at
th e r e q u e s t o f t h e E m p l o y m e n t S t a n d a r d s A d m i n i s t r a t i o n o f t h e D e p a r t m e n t o f L a b o r i s a v a i l a b l e on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y b e p u r c h a s e d f r o m th e
S u p e r i n t e n d e n t o f D o c u m e n t s , U . S . G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f i c e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , 2 0 4 0 2 , o r f r o m a n y o f th e B L S r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s s h o w n on
the i n s id e f r o n t c o v e r .

A rea

B u lletin n um ber
___ a n d p r i c e

A k r o n , O h i o , J u l y 197 1 1— —-------------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 8 7 , 4 0 c e n t s
A l b a n y — c h e n e c t a d y —T r o y , N . Y . , M a r . 197 1 1 — _____ 1 6 8 5 - 5 4 , 35 c e n t s
S
.—
A l b u q u e r q u e , N . M e x . , M a r . 1 9 7 1 ___ _______ _
1685-58,
30 c e n t s
A l l e n t o w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . —N . J . , M a y 1 9 7 1 — 1 6 8 5 - 7 5 , 30 c e n t s
B
E
A t l a n t a , G a „ M a y 1 9 7 1 - ------ ----------- ----- — ---------______ 1 6 8 5 - 6 9 , 4 0 c e n t s
B a l t i m o r e , M d . , A u g . 1971 ---------------------------------------- 1 7 2 5 - 1 6 , 35 c e n t s
B e a u m o n t — o r t A r t h u r — r a n g e , T e x . , M a y 19 7 1 1 ____ 1 6 8 5 - 6 8 , 35 c e n t s
P
O
35 c e n t s
B i n g h a m t o n , N . Y . , J u l y 1971 1 ------------- ----- -—.—-------- 1 7 2 5 - 6 ,
B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , M a r . 1971 1 ----.__----------- ----- --------- 1 6 8 5 - 6 3 , 4 0 c e n t s
B o i s e C i t y , I d a h o , N o v . 1 9 7 1 ------ —,—______________
1725-27,
30 c e n t s
B o sto n , M a s s ., Aug. 1971—
-------------------- ----------- .— 1 7 2 5 - 1 1 , 4 0 c e n t s
1 7 2 5 - 3 4 , 45 c e n t s
B u f f a l o , N . Y . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 __________________ _
B u r l i n g t o n , V t . , D e c . 1 9 7 1 ---- -------------- —.---- — ---- 1 7 2 5 - 2 5 ,
25 c e n t s
C a n t o n , O h i o , M a y 197 1 ------------- ---------------- ------- ----- 1 6 8 5 - 7 1 , 30 c e n t s
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a . , M a r . 197 1_— ,------------------_____— _ 1 6 8 5 - 5 7 , 30 c e n t s
C h a r l o t t e , N . C . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 —___ ____ _________ .___ —______ 1 6 8 5 - 4 8 , 30 c e n t s
C h a t t a n o o g a , T e n n . —G a . , S e p t . 1 9 7 1 ----- --------------------- 1 7 2 5 - 1 4 , 30 c e n t s
C h i c a g o , 111., J u n e 1971 1 ------------ -—--------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 9 0 , 70 c e n t s
C i n c i n n a t i , O h i o — y . —I n d . , F e b . 197 1 1---- -------------- K
1 6 8 5 - 5 3 , 45 c e n ts
C l e v e l a n d , O h i o , S e p t . 197 1 —------ -— ,—
—_________ 1 7 2 5 - 1 7 , 4 0 c e n t s
C o l u m b u s , O h i o , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ----- __________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 1 9 , 30 c e n t s
D a l l a s , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ----------------- _______— ______-----.___ 1 7 2 5 - 2 6 ,
35 c e n t s
D a v e n p o r t — o c k I s l a n d — o l i n e , Io w a—111.,
R
M
1 6 8 5 - 5 1 , 30 c e n t s
F e b . 197 1____________________ _
D a y t o n , O h i o , D e c . 1 9 7 0 1__________________ ,________ _____ 1 6 8 5 - 4 5 , 4 0 c e n t s
1 6 8 5 - 4 1 , 35 c e n t s
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 7 0 — ____________ __._______ _
D e s M o i n e s , I o w a , M a y 197 1_— -----------------------------,___ 1 6 8 5 - 7 0 , 30 c e n t s
D e t r o i t , M i c h . , F e b . 1971 1 -------------- -- --------- _____—
1 6 8 5 - 7 7 , 50 c e n t s
F o r t W o r t h , T e x . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ------------ — _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1 7 2 5 - 2 1 , 30 c e n t s
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 ---------------_________---- -— ,
1725-3,
30 c e n t s
1685-78,
35 c e n t s
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M a y 19 7 1 1.__________ ._________ ____ _
H o u s t o n , T e x . , A p r . 1971 1 ----------.____ 1 6 8 5 - 6 7 , 50 c e n t s
I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d . , O c t . 1 9 7 1 ----------— —------— ——
—
—— 1 7 2 5 - 2 3 , 30 c e n t s
J a c k s o n , M i s s . , J a n . 1971 1 _____________________________ 1 6 8 5 - 3 9 , 35 c e n t s
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c. 1970 1—
----— —______ 1 6 8 5 - 3 7 , 35 c e n t s
K a n s a s C i t y , M o . - K a n s . , S e p t . 1 9 7 1 — _—________________ 1 7 2 5 - 1 8 , 35 c e n t s
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l , M a s s . — . H . , J u n e 1971 --------- H
N
1 6 8 5 - 8 3 , 30 c e n t s
L i t t l e R o c k ^ N o r t b L i t t l e R o c k , A r k . , J u l y 1971 _______ 1 7 2 5 - 4 ,
30 c e n t s
L o s A n g e l e s —L o n g B e a c h a n d A n a h e i m —S a n t a A n a G a r d e n G r o v e , C a l i f . , M a r . 197 1 1 ------ _______—
1685-66,
50 c e n t s
L o u i s v i l l e , K y . —I n d . , N o v . 197 1 1 —— —— — — — ——— 1 7 2 5 - 2 9 , 35 c e n t s
L u b b o c k , T e x . , M a r . 197 1 —————— —
— — —
1 6 8 5 - 6 0 , 30 c e n t s
M a n c h e s t e r , N . H . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 — —— ----______— --------- 1 7 2 5 - 2 ,
30 c e n t s
M e m p h i s , T e n n . —A r k . , N o v . 1 9 7 0 —
—
— — —
1 6 8 5 - 3 0 , 30 c e n t s
M i a m i , F l a . , N o v . 1 9 7 1 --------- —
— — ——— —— — 1 7 2 5 - 2 8 , 30 c e n t s
M i d l a n d a n d O d e s s a , T e x . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 —----------------- ---- 1 6 8 5 - 4 0 , 3 0 c e n t s
M i l w a u k e e , W i s . , M a y 1 9 7 1 — _____ ___ ______ ___
1 6 8 5 - 7 6 , 35 c e n t s
M i n n e a p o l i s —S t . P a u l , M i n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 — _____________ 1 6 8 5 - 4 4 , 4 0 c e n t s
D a ta on e sta b lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e prov isio n s are a lso presen ted .




A rea

B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e

M u s k e g o n —M u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M i c h . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 —
1685-82,
N e w a r k a n d J e r s e y C i t y , N . J . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 — — __ ____
1685-47,
N e w H a v e n , C o n n . , J a n . 1 9 7 1 ___________ _____________ _ 1 6 8 5 - 3 5 ,
N e w O r l e a n s , L a . , J a n . 1971 1 -------------- ------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 3 6 ,
N ew Y o rk , N .Y ., A pr. 1971— —
_______
- 1685-89,
N o r f o l k —P o r t s m o u t h a n d N e w p o r t N e w s —
------------ ------ ----- 1685-46,
H a m p t o n , V a . , J a n . 197 1 1 —
O k l a h o m a C i t y , O k l a . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 1 _____________________
1725-8,
O m a h a , N e b r . - I o w a , S e p t . 19 71 1 ----------------------- ------ 1 7 2 5 - 1 3 ,
P a t e r s o n — l i f t o n — a s s a i c , N . J . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 ___ .____ _
C
P
_
1685-84,
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . —N . J . , N o v . 1970_,_____________ _____ 1 6 8 5 - 3 4 ,
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , J u n e 1 9 7 1 _____________ _____ ____________
1685-86,
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , J a n . 19 7 1 1 — ----________________ ___ _
1685-49,
P o r t l a n d , M a i n e , N o v . 197 1 1 ______________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 2 2 ,
P o r t l a n d , O r e g . —W a s h . , M a y 19 7 1 ______ ________ ___ ___
1685-85,
P r o v i d e n c e —P a w t u c k e t — a r w i c k , R . I . —M a s s . ,
W
1685-80,
M a y 1971 1 — _____________________________ _
R a l e i g h , N . C . , A u g . 197 1____ __________.__,________ _
1725-5,
R i c h m o n d , V a . , M a r . 197 1______________----------------------1685-62,
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . (o ff ic e o c c u p a t io n s only ),
J u l y 1971 1 _____________________ _
1725-7,
R o c k f o r d , 111., M a y 1971 _______________________________ _ 1 6 8 5 - 7 9 ,
S t . L o u i s , M o . —111., M a r . 19 71 1-------------------------- -- -- 1 6 8 5 - 6 5 ,
S a l t L a k e C i t y , U t a h , N o v . 1 9 7 1 ____ 1 7 2 5 - 2 4 ,
S a n A n t o n i o , T e x . , M a y 197 1 1 ________ ______,_________,___ 1 6 8 5 - 8 1 ,
S a n B e r n a r d i n o —R i v e r s i d e — n t a r i o , C a l i f . ,
O
1685-42,
D e c . 197 0 1 ________---- S a n D i e g o , C a l i f . , N o v . 1 9 7 1 1________ _____ ___ _____ _
1725-32,
S a n F r a n c i s c o — a k l a n d , C a l i f . , O c t . 197 1 1_____ _
O
1725-33,
S a n J o s e , C a l i f . , A u g . 1 9 7 1 1 ____------------------------_______ 1 7 2 5 - 1 5 ,
S a v a n n a h , G a . , M a y 1 9 7 1 ---- -— ---------------------------------- 1 6 8 5 - 7 2 ,
1725-1,
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1 9 7 1 __ __________ ______ ._______ _
S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h . , J a n . 19 71 1 ---------- ---- E
1685-52,
S i o u x F a l l s , S. D ale ., D e c . 1 9 7 1 ---------------- --------------- 1 7 2 5 - 3 0 ,
S o u t h B e n d , I n d . , M a r . 19 7 1___________ __________
1685-61,
S p o k a n e , W a s h . , J u n e 197 1 ______________________ ____ 1 6 8 5 - 8 8 ,
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u l y 1971 1 ___________________ ____ _
1725-10,
T a m p a—S t . P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , N o v . 19 7 1 1 __________ __
1725-31,
T o l e d o , O h i o — i c h . , A p r . 19 7 1 1 ________ ___ _
M
1685-74,
T r e n t o n , N . J . , S e p t . 197 1 ___________________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 1 2 ,
U t i c a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1971 1 ___________________________ 1 7 2 5 - 9 ,
R
W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . —M d . —V a . , A p r . 197 1 ________ _____1 6 8 5 - 5 6 ,
W a t e r b u r y , C o n n . , M a r . 19 7 1 __________________________1 6 8 5 - 5 5 ,
W a t e r l o o , I o w a , N o v . 1 9 7 1 ----- ---------------- ----------- 1725-20,
W i c h i t a , K a n s . , A p r . 19 7 1 ___________________ _
1685-64,
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , M a y 19 7 1 _________________________ _
1685-73,
Y o r k , P a . , F e b . 1 9 7 1 _______________________ ___ _
1685-50,
Y o u n g s t o w n —W a r r e n , O h i o , N o v . 1970_„._____
1685-24,

30 c e n t s
40c e n ts
30 c e n t s
40c e n ts
65 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40c e n ts
35 c e n t s
50c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40cen ts
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
40ce n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

U.S. D E PA R TM EN T OF LABOR
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PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, $300




FIR ST CLASS M A IL
POSTAGE A N D FEES PAID

U.S. D EP A R TM E N T OF LABOR


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