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The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
D ecem b er 1 9 6 9

U.S. DEPA R TM EN T OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR S TA TISTIC S

B U R E A U O F L A B O R STATISTICS REGIONAL OFFICES

VIII

r e g io n

*

IOWA

NE8R

REGION VII

R E G I O N II

KANS

OK LA

VIRGIN ISLANDS

Atlanta
D a lla s

REGION V I
HAWAII

PUERTO RICO
R e g io n I
R e g io n II
341 N in th A v e .
1 6 0 3 -B F ed eral B u ild in g
N ew Y ork, N. Y. 10001
G o v ern m en t C en ter
Phone: 9 7 1 - 5 4 0 5 (A rea C ode 2 1 2 )
Boston, M ass. 0 2 2 0 3
Phone: 2 2 3 -6 7 6 2 (A rea C ode 6 1 7 )

R e g io n III
4 0 6 Penn Square B u ild in g
1 3 1 7 F ilb ert St.
P h ila d e lp h ia , Pa. 19 1 0 7
Phone: 5 9 7 - 7 7 9 6 (A rea C ode 2 1 5 )

R e g io n IV
S u ite 5 4 0
1371 P ea c h tr ee St. NE.
A tla n ta , Ga. 3 0 3 0 9
Phone: 5 2 6 - 5 4 1 8 (A rea C ode 4 0 4 )

R e g io n V
R e g io n VI
219 Sou th D earborn St.
3 3 7 M a y flo w er B u ild in g
411 N orth A kard St.
C h ic a g o , 111. 6 0 6 0 4
Phone: 3 5 3 - 7 2 3 0 (A rea C ode 3 1 2 )
D a lla s, T e x . 75201
Phone: 7 4 9 -3 5 1 6 (A rea C ode 2 1 4 )

R e g io n s VII and VIII
F ed eral O ffic e B u ild in g
911 W alnu t St. , 10th Floor
K ansas C ity , M o. 6 4 1 0 6
Phone: 3 7 4 -2 4 8 1 (A rea C ode 8 1 6 )

R e g io n s IX and X
4 5 0 G o ld en G ate A v e .
Box 3 6 0 1 7
San F ra n cisc o , C a lif. 9 4 1 0 2
Phone: 5 5 6 - 4 6 7 8 (A rea C od e 4 1 5 )

 R e g io n s VII and VIII w ill be s e r v ic e d by Kansas C ity.
*
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ io n s IX and X w i l l be s e r v ic e d by S an F ran cisco.
** R e g
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Area Wage Survey
The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area




Decem ber 1969

B ulletin 1660-37
M a rc h 1970

U.S. DEPARTM ENT OF LABOR
George P. Shultz, Secretary
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTIC S
G e o ffre y H . M oore. C om m issioner

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, W ashington, D .C ., 2 0 4 0 2 - Price 30 cents




P re fa c e

C o n ten ts
Page

T he B u rea u o f L abor S ta tis tic s p r o g r a m o f annual
o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e s u r v e y s in m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s i s d e ­
s ig n e d to p r o v id e d a ta o n o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s , and e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t p r a c t i c e s an d s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s . It
y i e l d s d e t a i le d d a ta b y s e l e c t e d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n fo r e a c h
o f th e a r e a s s t u d ie d , fo r g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s , and fo r th e
U n ite d S t a t e s .
A m a j o r c o n s i d e r a t io n in th e p r o g r a m i s
th e n e e d fo r g r e a t e r i n s i g h t in to ( 1 ) th e m o v e m e n t o f w a g e s
b y o c c u p a t io n a l c a t e g o r y and s k i l l l e v e l , a n d ( 2 ) th e s t r u c ­
tu r e an d l e v e l o f w a g e s a m o n g a r e a s and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s .

I n tr o d u c tio n ____________________________________________________________________
W a g e t r e n d s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n a l g r o u p s ____________________________
T a b le s :
1.
2.

A t th e en d o f e a c h s u r v e y , a n in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l ­
l e t i n p r e s e n t s s u r v e y r e s u l t s fo r e a c h a r e a s tu d ie d .
A fte r
c o m p le t io n o f a l l o f th e in d iv id u a l a r e a b u l le t in s fo r a ro u n d
o f s u r v e y s , tw o s u m m a r y b u lle t in s a r e i s s u e d .
T he fir s t
b r in g s d a ta fo r e a c h o f th e m e t r o p o lit a n a r e a s s tu d ie d in to
o n e b u lle t in .
T h e s e c o n d p r e s e n t s in f o r m a t io n w h ic h h a s
b e e n p r o j e c t e d f r o m in d iv id u a l m e tr o p o lit a n a r e a d a ta to
r e l a t e to g e o g r a p h ic r e g i o n s an d th e U n ite d S t a t e s .
N in e t y a r e a s c u r r e n t ly a r e in c lu d e d in th e p r o ­
gram .
In e a c h a r e a , in f o r m a t io n on o c c u p a t io n a l e a r n in g s
i s c o l l e c t e d a n n u a lly and on e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and
s u p p le m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s b ie n n ia lly .

A.

E s t a b li s h m e n t s an d w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s u r v e y and
n u m b e r s t u d i e d ______________________________________________________
I n d e x e s o f s ta n d a r d w e e k ly s a l a r i e s an d s t r a i g h t - t i m e
h o u r ly e a r n in g s fo r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a t io n a l g r o u p s , and
p e r c e n t s o f i n c r e a s e fo r s e l e c t e d p e r i o d s _______________________
O c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s :
A - 1. O f f ic e o c c u p a t io n s — e n and w o m e n -------------------------------------m
A - 2 . P r o f e s s i o n a l an d t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s — e n and
m
w o m e n _________________________________________________________
A - 3 . O f f ic e , p r o f e s s i o n a l , and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t io n s —
m e n an d w o m e n c o m b i n e d __________________________________
A - 4 . M a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t o c c u p a t io n s ___________________
A - 5 . C u s to d ia l an d m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t o c c u p a t i o n s ____________

A p p e n d ix .

T h is b u l le t in p r e s e n t s r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y in
D a y to n , O h io , in D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 9 .
T h e S ta n d a r d M e t r o ­
p o lit a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e fin e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e
B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f G r e e n e , M ia m i,
M o n tg o m e r y , a n d P r e b l e C o u n tie s .
T h is stu d y w a s c o n ­
d u c te d b y th e B u r e a u 's r e g i o n a l o f f i c e in C h ic a g o , 111.,
u n d e r th e g e n e r a l d i r e c t io n o f W o o d r o w C. L in n , A s s i s t a n t
R e g io n a l D i r e c t o r f o r O p e r a t io n s .




1
3

O c c u p a tio n a l d e s c r i p t i o n s ______________________________________

NOTE:
S i m i la r ta b u la tio n s
areas.
(S e e i n s i d e b a c k c o v e r .)

a r e a v a i la b le fo r o th e r

U n io n s c a l e s , in d ic a t iv e o f p r e v a il i n g p a y l e v e l s in
th e D a y to n a r e a , a r e a l s o a v a i la b le f o r b u ild in g c o n ­
s t r u c t io n ; p r in tin g ; l o c a l - t r a n s i t o p e r a tin g e m p l o y e e s ; and
m o t o r t r u c k d r i v e r s , h e l p e r s , an d a l l i e d o c c u p a t io n s .

iii

2

4

5
8
9
10
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Area Wage Survey---The Dayton, Ohio, Metropolitan Area
Introduction
T h is a r e a i s 1 o f 90 in w h ic h th e U .S . D e p a r tm e n t o f L a b o r 's
B u r e a u o f L a b o r S t a t i s t i c s c o n d u c ts s u r v e y s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e a r n in g s
a n d r e l a t e d b e n e f i t s o n a n a r e a w id e b a s i s . 1

to m e r i t p r e s e n t a t io n , or (2)
in d iv id u a l e s t a b lis h m e n t d a ta .

is

p o s s ib ility

o f d i s c l o s u r e of

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and e a r n in g s d a ta a r e sh o w n fo r
f u l l - t i m e w o r k e r s , i . e . , th o s e h ir e d to w o r k a r e g u la r w e e k ly s c h e d u le
in th e g iv e n o c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
E a r n in g s d a ta e x c lu d e p r e ­
m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t i m e and fo r w o r k on w e e k e n d s , h o lid a y s , and la te
s h if t s . N o n p r o d u c tio n b o n u s e s a r e e x c lu d e d , but c o s t - o f - l i v i n g a llo w ­
a n c e s and in c e n t iv e e a r n in g s a r e in c lu d e d . W h e r e w e e k ly h o u r s a r e
r e p o r t e d , a s fo r o f f ic e c l e r i c a l o c c u p a t io n s , r e f e r e n c e i s to th e s ta n d ­
a r d w o r k w e e k (r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf h o u r) fo r w h ic h e m p lo y e e s
r e c e i v e t h e ir r e g u la r s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r i e s ( e x c l u s iv e o f p a y fo r
o v e r t im e at r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) . A v e r a g e w e e k ly e a r n in g s
fo r t h e s e o c c u p a tio n s h a v e b e e n r o u n d e d to th e n e a r e s t h a lf d o lla r .

T h is b u lle t in p r e s e n t s c u r r e n t o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t and
e a r n in g s in f o r m a t io n o b ta in e d l a r g e l y b y m a il f r o m th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
v i s i t e d b y B u r e a u f i e l d e c o n o m is t s in th e l a s t p r e v io u s s u r v e y fo r
o c c u p a tio n s r e p o r t e d in th a t e a r l i e r stu d y . P e r s o n a l v i s i t s w e r e m a d e
to n o n r e s p o n d e n ts and to t h o s e r e s p o n d e n ts r e p o r t in g u n u s u a l c h a n g e s
s i n c e th e p r e v io u s s u r v e y .
In e a c h a r e a , d a ta a r e o b ta in e d f r o m r e p r e s e n t a t i v e e s t a b ­
l is h m e n t s w ith in s i x b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s :
M a n u fa c tu r in g ; t r a n s ­
p o r ta tio n , c o m m u n ic a t io n , and o th e r p u b lic u t i l i t i e s ; w h o le s a l e tr a d e ;
r e t a i l tr a d e ; f in a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , and r e a l e s t a t e ; and s e r v i c e s .
M a jo r
in d u s t r y g r o u p s e x c lu d e d f r o m t h e s e s t u d ie s a r e g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a ­
tio n s an d th e c o n s t r u c t io n and e x t r a c t iv e i n d u s t r i e s . E s t a b li s h m e n t s
h a v in g f e w e r th a n a p r e s c r i b e d n u m b e r o f w o r k e r s a r e o m it t e d b e c a u s e
th e y te n d to fu r n is h i n s u f f ic i e n t e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d
to w a r r a n t i n c lu s i o n .
S e p a r a te ta b u la tio n s a r e p r o v id e d f o r e a c h o f
th e b r o a d in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s w h ic h m e e t p u b lic a tio n c r i t e r i a .

T h e a v e r a g e s p r e s e n t e d r e f l e c t c o m p o s i t e , a r e a w id e e s t i ­
m a tes.
I n d u s t r ie s and e s t a b l i s h m e n t s d iffe r in p a y l e v e l and jo b
s ta ffin g a n d , t h u s , c o n tr ib u te d if f e r e n t ly to th e e s t i m a t e s fo r e a c h jo b .
T he p a y r e la t io n s h ip o b ta in a b le f r o m th e a v e r a g e s m a y f a i l to r e f l e c t
a c c u r a t e ly th e w a g e s p r e a d o r d if f e r e n t ia l m a in ta in e d a m o n g jo b s in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . S i m i la r l y , d i f f e r e n c e s in a v e r a g e p a y l e v e l s
fo r m e n and w o m e n in a n y o f th e s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s sh o u ld n ot be
a s s u m e d to r e f l e c t d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y t r e a t m e n t o f th e s e x e s w ith in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s . O th e r p o s s i b l e f a c t o r s w h ic h m a y c o n t r ib ­
u te to d i f f e r e n c e s in p a y fo r m e n and w o m e n in c lu d e :
D if f e r e n c e s in
p r o g r e s s i o n w ith in e s t a b l i s h e d r a te r a n g e s , s i n c e o n ly th e a c tu a l r a t e s
p a id in c u m b e n ts a r e c o lle c t e d ; and d i f f e r e n c e s in s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r ­
f o r m e d , a lth o u g h th e w o r k e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d a p p r o p r ia t e ly w ith in th e
s a m e s u r v e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n . Job d e s c r ip t io n s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e m ­
p l o y e e s in t h e s e s u r v e y s a r e u s u a l l y m o r e g e n e r a l i z e d th a n t h o s e u s e d
in in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s and a llo w fo r m in o r d i f f e r e n c e s a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e s p e c i f i c d u tie s p e r f o r m e d .

T h e s e s u r v e y s a r e c o n d u c te d on a s a m p le b a s i s b e c a u s e o f
th e u n n e c e s s a r y c o s t in v o lv e d in s u r v e y in g a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
To
o b ta in o p tim u m a c c u r a c y a t m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a t e r p r o p o r tio n o f
l a r g e th a n o f s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i s s tu d ie d . In c o m b in in g th e d a ta ,
h o w e v e r , a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e g iv e n t h e ir a p p r o p r ia te w e ig h t .
E s­
t i m a t e s b a s e d o n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d a r e p r e s e n t e d , t h e r e f o r e ,
a s r e l a t in g to a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s in th e in d u s t r y g r o u p in g and a r e a ,
e x c e p t fo r t h o s e b e lo w th e m in im u m s i z e stu d ie d .
O c c u p a tio n s and E a r n in g s
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e c o m m o n to a v a r ie t y
o f m a n u fa c tu r in g a n d n o n m a n u fa c tu r in g i n d u s t r i e s , and a r e o f th e f o l ­
lo w in g t y p e s :
(1) O ffic e c l e r i c a l ; (2) p r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n ic a l; (3)
m a in te n a n c e and p o w e r p la n t; an d (4) c u s t o d ia l and m a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t.
O c c u p a tio n a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n i s b a s e d on a u n ifo r m s e t o f jo b d e s c r i p ­
t io n s d e s ig n e d to ta k e a c c o u n t o f i n t e r e s t a b li s h m e n t v a r ia t io n in d u tie s
w ith in th e s a m e jo b .
T h e o c c u p a tio n s s e l e c t e d fo r s tu d y a r e l i s t e d
and d e s c r ib e d in th e a p p e n d ix .
T h e e a r n in g s d a ta fo llo w in g th e jo b
t i t l e s a r e fo r a l l in d u s t r i e s c o m b in e d . E a r n in g s d a ta fo r s o m e o f th e
o c c u p a tio n s l i s t e d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r s o m e in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n s w ith in
o c c u p a t io n s , a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d in th e A - s e r i e s t a b le s b e c a u s e e it h e r
(1) e m p lo y m e n t in th e o c c u p a tio n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v id e e n o u g h data

O c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t e s t i m a t e s r e p r e s e n t th e to ta l in a ll
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith in th e s c o p e o f th e stu d y and n ot th e n u m b e r a c t u ­
a l ly s u r v e y e d . B e c a u s e o f d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l s t r u c t u r e a m o n g
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , th e e s t im a te s o f o c c u p a tio n a l e m p lo y m e n t o b ta in e d fr o m
th e s a m p le o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s tu d ie d s e r v e o n ly to in d ic a te th e r e l a t iv e
im p o r ta n c e o f th e jo b s stu d ie d .
T h e s e d i f f e r e n c e s in o c c u p a tio n a l
s t r u c t u r e do n o t a f f e c t m a t e r i a l l y th e a c c u r a c y o f th e e a r n in g s d a ta .
E s t a b lis h m e n t P r a c t i c e s and S u p p le m e n ta r y W age P r o v i s i o n s
T a b u la tio n s on s e l e c t e d e s t a b l i s h m e n t p r a c t i c e s and s u p p le ­
m e n t a r y w a g e p r o v i s i o n s ( B - s e r i e s t a b le s ) a r e n ot p r e s e n t e d in t h is
b u lle t in .
I n fo r m a tio n fo r t h e s e t a b u la tio n s i s c o ll e c t e d b ie n n ia lly .
T h e s e ta b u la tio n s on m in im u m e n tr a n c e s a l a r i e s fo r in e x p e r ie n c e d
w o m e n o f f i c e w o r k e r s ; s h ift d i f f e r e n t i a ls ; s c h e d u le d w e e k ly h o u r s ; p a id
h o lid a y s ; p a id v a c a t io n s ; and h e a lt h , i n s u r a n c e , and p e n s io n p la n s a r e
p r e s e n t e d (in th e B - s e r i e s ta b le s ) in p r e v io u s b u lle t in s fo r t h is a r e a .

1 In clu d ed in th e 90 areas are four studies c o n d u c ted under c o n tra c t w ith th e New Y ork S tate
D e p a rtm e n t o f Labor. These areas are B ingham ton (N ew Y ork p o rtio n only); R o ch ester (o ffice o c c u ­
p ations only); Syracuse; and U tic a —R om e. In ad d itio n , the Bureau co nducts m ore lim ite d area studies
in 78 areas a t th e request o f the W age and H our and P ublic C o n tracts D ivisions of th e U .S . D e­
p a rtm e n t o f Labor.




th e r e

1




T a b l e 1.

E s t a b l i s h m e n t s a n d W o r k e r s W ith in S c o p e o f S u r v e y a n d N u m b e r S tu d ie d in D a y t o n , O h io , 1
b y M a jo r I n d u s t r y D i v i s i o n , 2 D e c e m b e r 1969
M in im u m
e m p lo y m e n t
in e s t a b l i s h m e n ts in s c o p e
o f st u d y

I n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n

A ll d i v i s i o n s __________________________________
M a n u f a c t u r i n g _____________________________________
N o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ___ ______________________________
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n , c o m m u n i c a t io n , an d
o t h e r p u b li c u t i l i t i e s 5_______________________
W h o le s a le t r a d e 6______________________________
R e t a i l t r a d e 6 ___________________________________
F i n a n c e , i n s u r a n c e , a n d r e a l e s t a t e 6-______
S e r v i c e s 6 7_____________________________________

_

N u m b e r o f e s ta b lish m e n ts
W ithin s c o p e
o f stu d y 3

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
W ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y 4

S tu d ie d
N um ber

S tu d ie d
P ercen t

509

132

1 7 3 ,5 2 5

100

1 2 4 ,5 2 9

50
-

240
269

65
67

1 2 4 ,2 3 7
4 9 ,2 8 8

72
28

9 8 ,8 1 4
2 5 ,7 1 5

50
50
50
50
50

32
31
131
19
56

16
7
21
7
16

9 ,1 3 7
4 , 108
2 5 ,4 3 9
3 ,2 2 4
7 ,3 8 0

5
2
15
2
4

7 ,4 4 0
1 ,2 7 7
1 2 ,6 6 9
1 ,7 7 1
2 ,5 5 8

1 T h e D a y to n S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l it a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f in e d b y th e B u r e a u o f th e B u d g e t th r o u g h J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 , c o n s i s t s o f G r e e n e , M i a m i ,
M o n t g o m e r y a n d P r e b l e C o u n t ie s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s sh o w n in t h is t a b le p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f
th e s i z e a n d c o m p o s it io n o f th e l a b o r f o r c e in c lu d e d in th e s u r v e y .
T h e e s t i m a t e s a r e n o t in te n d e d , h o w e v e r , to s e r v e a s a b a s i s o f c o m p a r i s o n
w ith o th e r e m p lo y m e n t in d e x e s f o r th e a r e a to m e a s u r e e m p lo y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e ( 1 ) p la n n in g o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s th e u s e o f
e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a c o m p ile d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d ( 2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f
th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 196 7 e d itio n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d in c l a s s i f y i n g e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y d iv i s i o n .
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m in im u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll o u t le t s (w ith in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n ie s in su c h
i n d u s t r i e s a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u to r e p a i r s e r v i c e , a n d m o tio n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s 1 e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
4 I n c l u d e s a l l w o r k e r s in a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t (w ith in th e a r e a ) a t o r a b o v e th e m i n im u m l i m it a t io n .
5 T a x i c a b s a n d s e r v i c e s in c id e n t a l to w a t e r t r a n s p o r t a t i o n w e r e e x c lu d e d .
6 T h i s in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n i s r e p r e s e n t e d in e s t i m a t e s f o r " a l l i n d u s t r i e s " a n d " n o n m a n u f a c t u r in g " in th e S e r i e s A t a b l e s .
S e p a r a t e p r e se n ta tio n
o f d a t a f o r t h i s d i v i s i o n i s n o t m a d e f o r o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g r e a s o n s :
( 1 ) E m p lo y m e n t in th e d i v i s i o n i s to o s m a l l to p r o v i d e en o u g h d a t a
to m e r i t s e p a r a t e s t u d y , ( 2 ) th e s a m p l e w a s n o t d e s ig n e d i n i t i a l l y to p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , ( 3 ) r e s p o n s e w a s i n s u f f i c i e n t o r in a d e q u a t e to
p e r m i t s e p a r a t e p r e s e n t a t i o n , a n d ( 4 ) t h e r e i s p o s s i b i l i t y o f d i s c l o s u r e o f in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t d a t a .
7 H o t e l s a n d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s a n d o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i le r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k i n g ; m o tio n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o fit
m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s a n d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; a n d e n g in e e r in g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .

A b o u t t h r e e - f o u r t h s o f th e w o r k e r s w ith in s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y in th e D a y to n a r e a
w e r e e m p lo y e d in m a n u f a c t u r i n g f i r m s .
T h e f o llo w in g p r e s e n t s th e m a j o r i n d u s t r y g r o u p s
and s p e c ific in d u s tr ie s a s a p e r c e n t of a ll m a n u fa c tu rin g :
In d u stry g r o u p s

S p e c ific in d u s tr ie s

M a c h in e r y , e x c e p t
e l e c t r i c a l _________________________ 29
E l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t a n d
s u p p l i e s ___________________________23
P r in t in g a n d p u b li s h in g ___________ 10
R u b b e r a n d p l a s t i c s p r o d u c t s ___ 9
T r a n s p o r t a t i o n e q u ip m e n t _______ 7

O f f ic e a n d c o m p u tin g
m a c h i n e s _______________________ 16
H o u s e h o ld a p p l i a n c e s ___________ 13
E l e c t r ic a l in d u s tr ia l
a p p a r a t u s ------------------------------- 9
F a b r i c a t e d r u b b e r p r o d u c t s ----- 7
M o to r v e h i c l e s a n d e q u ip m e n t— 6
P e r i o d i c a l s ------------------------------ 6

T h i s in f o r m a t io n i s b a s e d on e s t i m a t e s o f t o t a l e m p lo y m e n t d e r i v e d f r o m u n i v e r s e
m a t e r i a l s c o m p ile d p r i o r to a c t u a l s u r v e y .
P r o p o r t i o n s in v a r i o u s i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n s m a y
d i f f e r f r o m p r o p o r t i o n s b a s e d on th e r e s u l t s o f th e s u r v e y a s sh o w n in t a b l e 1 a b o v e .

Wage Trends for Selected Occupational Groups
P r e s e n t e d in t a b l e 2 a r e i n d e x e s a n d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e
in a v e r a g e s a l a r i e s o f o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s an d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s ,
and i n a v e r a g e e a r n i n g s o f s e l e c t e d p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s .
T he i n d e x e s
a r e a m e a s u r e of w a g e s at a g iv en t im e , e x p r e s s e d a s a p e r c e n t of
w a g e s during the b a s e p e r io d (date of the a r e a s u r v e y co n d u cted
b e t w e e n J u l y I 9 6 0 an d Ju n e 1 9 6 1 ) .
S u b t r a c t i n g 100 f r o m th e i n d e x
y i e l d s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e i n w a g e s f r o m t h e b a s e p e r i o d to the
d a t e of th e i n d e x .
T h e p e r c e n t a g e s of c h a n g e o r i n c r e a s e r e l a t e to
w a g e c h a n g e s b e t w e e n the in d ic a ted d a t e s .
T hese e stim a tes are
m e a s u r e s o f c h a n g e in a v e r a g e s f o r t h e a r e a ; t h e y a r e not i n t e n d e d
to m e a s u r e a v e r a g e p a y c h a n g e s i n t h e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n t h e a r e a .

F o r o f f i c e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s a n d i n d u s t r i a l n u r s e s , th e w a g e
t r e n d s r e l a t e to r e g u l a r w e e k l y s a l a r i e s f o r t h e n o r m a l w o r k w e e k ,
e x c l u s iv e of e a r n in g s for o v e r t i m e .
F o r p la n t w o r k e r g r o u p s , t h e y
m e a s u r e c h a n g e s in a v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s , e x clu d in g
p r e m i u m p a y f o r o v e r t i m e an d f o r w o r k o n w e e k e n d s , h o l i d a y s , and
late sh ifts .
T he p e r c e n t a g e s a r e b a s e d o n data f o r s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u ­
pa tio n s and in c lu d e m o s t o f the n u m e r ic a lly im p o r ta n t jo b s w ithin
e a ch group.

L i m i t a t i o n s o f D ata

M ethod of C om puting
E a c h o f th e s e l e c t e d k e y o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n a n o c c u p a t i o n a l
group w a s a s s ig n e d a w eig h t b a s e d on its p r o p o rtio n a te e m p lo y m en t
i n th e o c c u p a t i o n a l g r o u p .
T h ese constan t w eigh ts r eflec t b a se year
em ploym en ts w h erever p o ssib le .
T he a v e r a g e ( m e a n ) e a r n i n g s f o r
e a c h o c c u p a t i o n w e r e m u l t i p l i e d b y t h e o c c u p a t i o n a l w e i g h t , a n d th e
p r o d u c t s f o r a l l o c c u p a t i o n s i n t h e g r o u p w e r e t o t a l e d . T he a g g r e g a t e s
for 2 c o n s e c u t iv e y e a r s w e r e r e la te d by div iding the a g g r e g a t e for
the l a t e r y e a r b y th e a g g r e g a t e f o r th e e a r l i e r y e a r .
T he r e s u l t a n t
r e l a t i v e , l e s s 100 p e r c e n t , s h o w s t h e p e r c e n t a g e c h a n g e .
The ind ex
i s t h e p r o d u c t o f m u l t i p l y i n g the b a s e y e a r r e l a t i v e (100) b y th e r e l a t i v e
f o r th e n e x t s u c c e e d i n g y e a r an d c o n t i n u i n g to m u l t i p l y ( c o m p o u n d )
e a c h y e a r ' s r e l a t i v e b y th e p r e v i o u s y e a r ' s i n d e x .
A v e r a g e e a rn in g s
f o r th e f o l l o w i n g o c c u p a t i o n s w e r e u s e d i n c o m p u t i n g th e w a g e t r e n d s :

The in d e x e s and p e r c e n ta g e s of c h a n g e, a s m e a s u r e s of
c h a n g e i n a r e a a v e r a g e s , a r e i n f l u e n c e d by:
(1) g e n e r a l s a l a r y and
w a g e c h a n g e s , (2) m e r i t o r o t h e r i n c r e a s e s i n p a y r e c e i v e d b y i n d i ­
v i d u a l w o r k e r s w h i l e i n th e s a m e j o b , an d (3) c h a n g e s i n a v e r a g e
w a g e s due to c h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e r e s u l t i n g f r o m l a b o r t u r n ­
o v e r , f o r c e e x p a n s io n s , f o r c e r e d u c tio n s , and c h a n g e s in the p r o p o r ­
t i o n s of w o r k e r s e m p l o y e d b y e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w i t h d i f f e r e n t p a y l e v e l s .
C h a n g e s i n t h e l a b o r f o r c e c a n c a u s e i n c r e a s e s o r d e c r e a s e s i n the
o c cu p a tio n a l a v e r a g e s without a c tu a l w a g e c h a n g e s .
It i s c o n c e i v a b l e
th a t e v e n t h o u g h a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s i n a n a r e a g a v e w a g e i n c r e a s e s ,
a v e r a g e w a g e s m a y have d eclin ed b e c a u s e lo w e r-p a y in g e s ta b lis h m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a o r e x p a n d e d t h e i r w o r k f o r c e s .
S im ila rly , w ages
m a y have r e m a in e d r e la t iv e ly co n sta n t, y e t the a v e r a g e s fo r an a r ea
m ay have r is e n c o n sid e r a b ly b e c a u se h igh er-p ayin g esta b lish m e n ts
e n t e r e d th e a r e a .

O ffice c le ric a l (m e n and w om en): O ffice c le ric a l (m e n and w om en)— S k ille d m a in te n a n c e (m en):
C arpenters
C on tin u ed
Bookke e p in g - m achine
operators, class B
S ecretarie s
E lectricia n s
C lerks, a c co u n tin g , classes
S tenographers, g en e ra l
M achinists
A and B
S tenographers, senior
M ech an ics
C lerks, f ile , classes
S w itchboard o p erato rs, classes
M ech an ics (a u to m o tiv e )
A , B, and C
A and B
P ainters
C lerks, order
T a b u la tin g -m a c h in e operators,
P ip efitte rs
C lerks, p ayroll
class B
Tool and d ie m akers
C o m p to m e te r operators
T ypists, classes A and B
K eypunch o p erato rs, classes
U n sk illed p la n t (m en):
A and B
Industrial nurses (m e n and w om en):
Jan ito rs, po rters, and clean ers
N urses, industrial (reg istered )
O ffice boys and girls
Laborers, m a te r ia l h an d lin g




T h e u s e o f c o n s t a n t e m p l o y m e n t w e i g h t s e l i m i n a t e s th e e f f e c t
o f c h a n g e s i n th e p r o p o r t i o n o f w o r k e r s r e p r e s e n t e d i n e a c h j o b i n ­
clu d e d in the data.
The p e r c e n ta g e s of ch ange r e fle c t only c h a n g e s
i n a v e r a g e p a y fo r s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r s .
T h e y a r e not i n f l u e n c e d by
c h a n g e s i n s t a n d a r d w o r k s c h e d u l e s , a s s u c h , o r b y p r e m i u m pay
for o v e r tim e .
W h e r e n e c e s s a r y , data w e r e a d j u s t e d to r e m o v e f r o m
the i n d e x e s an d p e r c e n t a g e s o f c h a n g e a n y s i g n i f i c a n t e f f e c t c a u s e d
b y c h a n g e s i n th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .

3

4

T a b l e 2.

In d ex es of Standard W e ek ly S a l a r ie s and S t r a ig h t - T im e H o u r ly E a r n in g s fo r S e le c t e d O cc u p a tio n a l G rou ps
i n D a y t o n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1969 a n d J a n u a r y 19 6 9 , a n d P e r c e n t s o f I n c r e a s e f o r S e l e c t e d P e r i o d s
A ll in d u stries

P er io d

O ffice
c le r ic a l
( m e n and
wom en)

In d u strial
nurses
( m e n and
wom en)

M a n u f a c t u r ing

S k illed
m aintenance
trades
(m en )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m en )

O ffice
cle ric a l
( m e n and
wom en)

In d u strial
nurses
( m e n and
women)

S k illed
m aintenance
trades
( m en )

U n sk illed
plant
w orkers
(m en )

155. 4
145. 6

143. 6
136. 8

140. 8
133. 0

5. 0
7. 3
8. 0
5 .4
4. 3
1. 3
2. 5
2. 7
.7
3. 6

5. 9
5. 5
4. 1
5. 8
3. 7
3. 2
2. 3
1. 8
2. 7
4 .9

In d e x es (Janu ary 1961=100)
D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 ______________________________

1 36.4
129. 7

157. 9
148. 0

1 4 3.4
136. 6

136. 9
128. 2

137. 3
130. 8

P e r c e n ts of in c r e a se
J a n u a r y 1969 to
J a n u a r y 1968 to
J a n u a r y 1967 to
J a n u a r y 1966 to
J a n u a r y 1965 to
J a n u a r y 1964 to
J a n u a r y 1963 to
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 2 to
J a n u a r y 1961 to
D e c e m b e r 1959




D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 9 ------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 9 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 8 ___________
J a n u a r y 1967 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 6 ----------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 5 ----------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 4 ----------------J a n u a r y 1 9 6 3 ___________
J a n u a r y 1 9 6 2 ___________
to J a n u a r y 1 9 6 1 ________

5. 2
4. 5
4 .4
5 .4
1. 9
3. 5
1 .4
3. 3
2. 1
4. 0

6.
6.
10.
5.
2.
4.
2.
3.
4.
8.

7
0
6
8
6
9
8
8
0
6

5. 0
7. 2
7. 8
5. 3
4. 2
1 .4
2. 7
2. 6
.8
3. 6

6. 8
4 .9
3. 1
6. 3
3. 2
3. 3
.5
2. 0
2. 1
5. 0

5. 0
5 .9
4. 3
4 .9
3. 1
3. 8
.5
3. 2
1. 6
4. 3

6.
6.
10.
6.
2.
5.
1.
3.
2.
9.

7
1
2
3
6
0
8
8
9
7

5
A. O ccu p ation al E arn in gs
Table A-l.

Office Occupations—Men and W omen

(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d on a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 969)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d ard )

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w orkers

A v erag e
w ee k ly
h o u rs1
( stan d ard )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly e a r n in g s of—
$

$
60

M ean2

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ra n g e 2

$

$

$

$

$

$

1 -------- $
130
120

65

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

-

-

-

-

1A
5
9

7
3
A

9
9

1

t

$

$

$

$

$

$

$

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

2C0

210

220
-

and

1A0

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

22C

230

over

13
13

13
13
-

1A
12
2

17
9
8

-

-

*

-

and
under
65

230

HEN

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S A ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N H A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------ --------------------------------------

112
76
36

A O .O
3 9 .5
A O .5

$
1 A 7 .5 0

$
1 5 0 .5 0

1 A 7 .0 0
1 A 9 .0 0

1 A 7 .0 0
1 6 3 .5 0

$
$
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 6 8 .0 0
1 3 1 .5 0 -1 6 2 .5 0

—

-

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 7 7 .5 0

-

-

1A
A
10

7
5
2

A
3
1

-----------------------

32

A O .O

1 A 2 .0 0

1 A 6 .0 0

1 3 6 .5 0 -1 5 6 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

1

3

-

1

8

10

6

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

C L E R K S , O R D E R ----------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

A1
A1

3 9 .5

1 A 5 .0 0
1 A 5 .0 0

1 1 A .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0
1 1 A .0 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

1
1

A
A

2
2

13
13

1
1

3
3

2
2

-

-

-

“

3
3

-

“

5
5

-

3 9 .5

1 3 6 .5 0
1 3 6 .5 0

O F F IC E

58

3 9 .5

9 2 .5 0

-

-------------------------------------------------------------

A6

3 9 .0

9 2 .5 0

9 2 .0 0
9 1 .5 0

2
2

7
7

8
B

23
16

2
2

9
7

TA B U L A TIN G -H A C H IN E OPER ATOR S,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

28
28

A O .O
A O .O

1 9 5 .5 0
1 9 5 .5 0

2 0 7 .5 0
2 0 7 .5 0

1 6 3 .0 0 -2 2 3 .5 0
1 6 3 .0 0 -2 2 3 .5 0

2
2

“

3
3

A
A

2
2

7
7

A
A

A2
38

3 9 .5

1 A 8 .0 0
1 5 1 .0 0

1 A 9 .0 0
1 6 1 .0 0

1 2 A .5 0 -1 7 2 .0 0
1 2 9 .5 0 -1 7 A .C O

_

_

_

3 9 .5

26

A O .O

1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 7 .0 0

9 3 .0 0 — 1 3 A . 00

-

-

-

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

60

A O .O

9 5 .0 0

9 8 .5 0

8 2 .5 0 -1 0 9 .0 0

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P ER A TO R S,
C L A S S A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

65
A3

3 9 .5
A O .O

1 1 3 .0 0
1 2 0 .0 0

1 2 1 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

9 7 . 5 0 - 1 3 1 . 0C
1 1 5 .0 0 -1 3 3 .5 0

199
137
62

A O .O
A O .O

1 0 3 .5 0
1 1 0 .5 0

1 0 0 .0 0
1 0 9 .0 0

-

-

-

3 9 .5

8 7 .5 0

8 5 .0 0

250
13A
116

3 9 .5
A O .O

1 2 A .0 0

1 1 6 .0 0
1 2 5 .0 0

_

---------------------------------------------------

C L E R K S , A C C O U N T I N G , C L A S S B ----------------------M A N U F A C T U R I N G -------------------------------------------------------------

CLERKS,

A C C O U N TIN G ,

CLASS

B

B O Y S ---------------------- f------------------------------------------------------

M AN U FACTU R IN G

TA B U L A TIN G -H A C H IN E OPER ATO R S,
C L A S S B ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------M AN U FACTU R IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------

8 A .0 0 -

9 8 .5 0

8 A .0 0 -

-

9 9 .0 0

“

7
A

_

_

_

_

_

A

-

-

-

1

-

-

A

7

2

6
3

A1
13
28

A
3

5
3

A
A

A
A

5
A

5

6

1

1

A

-

1A

13

11
1

7
3

3
1

18
15

1A
1A

39
16
23

3A
30
A

17
17

9
9

33
33

_

16
9
7

58
18
A0

63
26
37

28
19
9

5
5

_

3
3

7
A
3

_
~

-

12

“

1
1

-

9
9

5
5

6
6

-

A

-

-

1
1

5
5

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

26
19
7

11
11
“

10
5
5

7
A
3

1A
1A

12
8
A

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

-

2
2

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WOMEN

B I L L E R S , M AC H IN E (B I L L I N G
M A C H I N E ) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------B IL L E R S ,

M AC H IN E

M A C H IN E)

B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E

A C C O U N TIN G ,

M AN UFACTUR IN G

A

-----------------------

3 9 .5

1 3 1 .5 0
1 1 5 .5 0

1 1 2 .0 0

_

8 A .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
-

-

-

-

9
7
2

1 0 7 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

-

-

-

-

-

*

-

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

9 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .0 0

A O .O

8 8 .0 0

9 7 .5 0
8 7 .5 0

8 3 .5 0 - 9 8 .5 0
9 0 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8 2 .5 0 - 9 A .5 0

-

36A

U T I L I T I E S 3 --------------------------------------------

25

3 9 .0

1 0 9 .0 0

1 0 3 .5 0

8 1 .0 0 -1 3 8 .5 0

69

3 9 .0

33

A O .O

1 1 5 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 2 .5 0
1 2 6 .0 0

1 0 7 .5 0 -1 2 6 .0 0
1 1 1 .0 0 -1 3 7 .5 0

A ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d of ta b le ,




9 0 .0 0

A

_

1 1 1 .0 0 -1 A 9 .0 0
1 0 3 .0 0 -1 2 0 .0 0

512
1A8

CLER KS, F I L E , CLASS
NONM A NU FA CTU R IN G

3
3

9 7 .0 0 -1 3 1 .0 0
8 2 .0 0 - 9 6 .5 0

---------------------------------------------------

N O N M A N U FA CTU R IN G
P U B L IC

CLASS

-------------------------------------------------------------

NONM A NU FA CTU R IN G

_

8

_

OPERATORS,

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G --------------------------------------------------CLERKS,

-

-

(B O O K K EEP IN G

2
2

5
1
A

1A
-

12
2

27
A

1A

10

23

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

6

-

112
16
9A
3

9A
12
82

151
56
95
2

AA
20
2A
3

26
21
5
~

15
9
6
-

10
3
7
7

5
1
A
A

-

-

8
6

17
1

21
6

13
10

3
3

7
7

-

“

6

Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 9 6 9 )

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e w eek ly e a r n in g s of—
S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

Number
of
workers

t

Awerapp
weekly
(standard'

t
60

Mean2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
65

*
70

t

$
75

80

$
85

$
90

$
100

$
110

*

$
120

130

$
140

S
1 50

$
160

$
180

$
19 0

200

1 ------- $
210
220

and
u n d er

i
230
and

65

WOMEN -

*
170

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

3
3
“

4
4
-

27
27
6

34
27
12

42
15
3

66
14
11

85
2
2

79
13
9

23
11
11

7
2
2

-

20
10

41
23

43
9

53
25

90
27

30
15

28
12

3
3

-

150

160

170

-

7
7
-

7
3
4

11
6
5

5
4
1

46
29
17

25
19
6

17
16
1

13
8
5

25
23
2

15
11
4

12
2
10

3
3
-

-

16
16

16
16

20
20

23
4
19

45
17
28

54
48
6

16
4
12

3
3
-

4
3
1

6
3
3

16
12
A

-

-

-

12

33
6

56
16

53
25

29
21

8
8

16
2

3
“

19
17
2

19
15
4

65
30
35

26
15
11

62
29
33

20
14
6

16
15
1

17
6
11

8
8

over

4

“

140

180

190

200

210

220

230

CONTINUED

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

370
11 8
56

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 8 .5

$
91.0 0
8 4 .0 0
92.0 0

$
9 1 . 0C
79.5 0
8 8 .5 0

$
$
8 3 . 0 0 - 1 0 1 . 5C
7 4 .0 0 - 89.5 0
78 .5 0 -1 1 0 .0 0

CLERKS, ORDER --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING--------------------------------------

312
124

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

90.5 0
9 0 .5 0

9 0 .0 0
89.00

8 2 .0 0 - 9 9 .0 0
7 9 .5 0 -1 0 0 .0 0

-

CLERKS, PAYROLL ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

202
147
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 17.50
119.50
111.00

110.50
114 .5 0
102 .5 0

9 6 .0 0 -1 3 7 .0 0
9 7 .5 0 -1 3 6 .5 0
9 2 .5 0 -1 4 6 .0 0

_

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

238
113
125

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 0 6.00
122.00
91 .5 0

100.00
108 .5 0
88.00

8 6 .5 0 -1 1 2 .0 0
1 0 4 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
8 0 .0 0 - 98.5 0

-

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

230
98

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

108.00
120.00

102.00
111 .5 0

9 1 .5 0 -1 1 7 .0 0
1 0 1 .0 0 -1 2 5 .5 0

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

299
196
103

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0

98 .0 0
1 01.00
92 .5 0

91.5 0
9 3 .5 0
90 .0 0

8 2 .0 0 -1 1 0 .0 0
8C .5 0 -1 1 9 .0 0
8 3 . 0 0 - 9 8 . CC

“
-

“

12
12
-

2
2
-

-

5
5
-

11
11
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

19
19
-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

6
6

12
12

_

_

14
14

18
18

1
1

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

_

_

“

-

-

-

*

OFFICE GIRLS -----------------------------------------------

40

3 9 .5

86 .0 0

84 .0 0

1

1

1

12

7

6

8

2

2

SECRETARIES4------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NCNMANUFACTUPING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3----------------------------

1,236
796
440
118

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

132.50
1 38.00
1 22.00
1 29.00

128.00
132.00
120.00
139.50

1 0 9 .0 0 -1 5 2 .0 0
1 1 3 . 0 0 - 1 6 2 . CC
1 0 5 .0 0 -1 4 2 .5 0
9 9 .5 0 -1 5 0 .5 0

-

“

11
11
-

22
10
12
12

14
3
11
6

37
17
20
9

99
61
38
3

138
79
59
6

156
74
82
“

175
125
50
7

137
90
47
18

119
67
52
28

81
48
33
8

85
51
34
21

38
38
—

29
29

64
64

4
4
-

10
8
2
“

14
14
-

3
3
-

SECRETARIES, CLASS A ------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

59
53

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

148.50
1 4 6.50

1 5 0.00
149.00

1 2 3 .0 0 -1 6 6 .5 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 6 6 .0 0

-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7

1
1

4
4

8
7

5
4

5
5

7
6

10
9

6
6

-

_

_

2
*

1
1

3
3

SECRETARIES, CLASS B -------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONM.ANUFACTUR I N G --------------------------------

269
181
88

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

14 4 .5 0
1 46.50
141.00

1 4 3.50
1 4 1.00
1 5 0 .0 0

1 2 2 .0 0 -1 6 4 .0 0
1 1 9 .5 0 -1 6 5 .5 0
1 3 0 .0 0 -1 6 1 .0 0

-

_
-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS C ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3 ---------------------------

443
302
141
29

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

141.50
151.00
1 2 1.00
134.00

137.00
152.00
122 .0 0
142 .5 0

1 1 9 .5 0 -1 7 0 .5 0
1 2 6 .5 0 -1 8 4 .0 0
1 1 2 .5 0 -1 3 2 .5 0
1 0 7 .5 0 -1 5 8 .0 0

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

SECRETARIES, CLASS D ------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

456
251
205

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

114.50
115.00
1 13.50

115.50
117.50
113.00

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 0 .5 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 3 0 .0 0
ICO .0 0 - 1 3 5 . 5 0

-

“

9
9
-

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

424
244
180

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

109.00
1 09.00
1 09.00

110.50
110.00
111.50

9 9 .5 0 -1 1 9 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 2 1 .5 0
1 0 0 .5 0 -1 1 8 .0 0

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

281
215
66

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

134.00
141.00
113.00

136.00
147.00
115.50

1 1 7 .5 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
1 2 8 .5 0 -1 5 9 .0 0
1 0 1 .5 0 -1 2 5 .0 0

-

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

62
34
28

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

123.00
132.50
111.50

1 2 7.50
137.00
1 0 4.50

1 0 1 .0 0 -1 3 9 .0 0
1 1 3 .0 0 -1 5 5 .5 0
9 7 .0 0 -1 3 6 .0 0

S ee fo o tn o te s a t en d o f ta b le ,




7 8 .0 0 -

9 6 .5 0

“
-

-

-

_
-

4
4

22
14
8

22
13
9

16
15
1

33
29
4

26
14
12

28
18
10

42
20
22

37
15
22

7
7
“

6
6
-

1
1
“

A
4
*

8
8
-

13
13
-

-

4
4
-

4
2
2

7
3
4
*

26
10
16
3

32
20
12
6

40
12
28
-

74
36
38
3

51
33
18
2

34
26
8
2

26
16
10
8

32
27
5
5

25
25
“

23
23
-

63
63
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

18
6
12

10
1
9

26
10
16

44
30
14

81
43
38

95
42
53

55
48
7

55
39
16

51
17
34

6
6
-

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
4
1

19
14
5

27
17
10

60
34
26

93
55
38

123
54
69

62
48
14

34
17
17

1
1

2

24
13
11

29
10
19

24
13
11

33
18
15

39
33
6

34
32
2

45
45

49
49

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
1
1
-

13
3
10

7
2
5

8
6
2

3
1
2

17
9
8

2
2

10
10

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

2
2
*

-

-

-

_

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

7
Table A-l. Office Occupations—
Men and Women— Continued
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w eek ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s try d iv isio n , D ayton, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1969)
W e e k ly e a r n in g s 1
(sta n d ard )

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

A v erag e
w ee k ly
h o u rs1
( stan d ard )

sf

N um bei

%

t
60

M e a n 13
24

M e d ia n 2

M id d le ran g e 2

$
65

t
70

$
75

S
80

o f WO r k e r s

$
85

$
90

re c e iv in g

$
100

s tr a ig h t - tim e

$
110

i

*
120

130

w e e k ly

$
140

e a rn in g s

$
15 0

$
160

o f—

$
17 0

S

$
1 80

190

t

$

200

21C

65

-

230

-

u n der

W OMEN

$
220

and

70

75

80

85

90

100

110

120

130

140

150

“

6
6

23
23

21
20

15
14

13
12

27
25

6
1

1

53
21
32

50
36
14

34
30
4

15
15

2
2
~

5
2
3

5
5

-

3
3

-

-

1

1

1

5

-

4

5

-

2

9

12
12

30
30

1
1

_

_

-

-

230

o v er

1

-

1 60

and

170

1 80

19 0

20C

210

220

CO N TIN U ED

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S , C L A S S B ------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ----------------------------------------■
----------

113
101

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

$
8 2 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

$
82.50
8 0 .50

$
7 5 .0 0 7 4 .0 0 -

S W ITCH B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T I O N I S T S M A N U F A C T U R I N G ------------------------------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------------------

203
137
66

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

96.0 0
99.0 0
90.0 0

93.0 0
97.5 0
88 .0 0

8 6 .5 0 -1 0 3 .0 0
8 7 .5 0 -1 0 5 .5 0
8 5 .5 0 - 9 3 .0 0

-

3
3
“

1
1

~
~

4
4
~

28
15
13

28

3 9 .5

1 4 7.00

142 .5 0

1 1 6 .0 0 -1 8 6 .5 0

*

-

-

-

-

73
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

86.5 0
86 .5 0

87.0 0
8 7 .0 0

2
2

14
12

9
9

4
4

18
13

14
14

10
7

2
2

282
188
94

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 10.50
116.50
99.0 0

104 .0 0
105 .0 0
101 .5 0

9 4 .5 0 -1 2 5 .5 0
9 6 .5 0 -1 3 5 .0 0
92 .5 0 -1 0 8 .5 0

18
9
9

71
43
28

75
42
33

34
16
18

6
6

23
23

700
437
263

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

92.5 0
98 .0 0
84 .0 0

88.50
97 .0 0
83 .0 0

8 1 .5 0 -1 0 2 .0 0
8 4 .5 0 -1 0 9 .5 0
8 0 .5 0 - 8 7 .5 0

86
51
35

131
93
38

84
74
10

40
39
1

53
53

14
14

T A B U L A T IN G — M A C H IN E
CLASS

B

—

OPERATORS,

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

M A N U FA C TU R IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------

T Y P IS T S , CLASS A
M AN U FACTU R IN G

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A NU FA CTU R IN G
T Y P IS T S , CLASS B
M A N U FA C TU R IN G

---------------------------------------------------

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

N O N M A NU FA CTU R IN G

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

OPERATORS,

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

TR A N S C R IB IN G -H A C H IN E
GENERAL

$
92.0 0
90.5 0

---------------------------------------------------

7 6 .5 0 7 6 .0 0 -

97.0 0
97.0 0

_
-

-

-

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

8
6
2

-

12
5
7

26
11
15

91
65
26

163
32
131

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t th e w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s ( e x c lu s iv e o f p a y fo r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) , and the e a r n in g s c o r r e s p o n d
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
3 T h e m e a n i s co m p u te d fo r e a c h jo b b y to ta lin g the e a r n in g s of a ll w o r k e r s and d iv id in g by the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s .
T h e m e d ia n d e s ig n a t e s p o sitio n — h a lf o f the e m p lo y e e s su r v e y e d r e c e iv e m o re
th an the r a t e show n; h a lf r e c e iv e l e s s th an the r a t e show n.
Th e m id d le ra n g e i s d e fin e d by 2 r a t e s of p a y ; a fo u rth of the w o r k e r s e a r n l e s s th an the lo w e r o f th e se r a t e s and a fo u rth e a r n m o re than the
h ig h e r r a te .
3 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , co m m u n ic a tio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t il it i e s .
4 M ay in c lu d e w o r k e r s o th e r th an th o se p r e s e n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




8

Table A-2. Professional and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women
( A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e w ee k ly h o u r s and e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , D ayton, Ohio, D e c e m b e r 1969)
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
Number

S e x , o ccu p a tio n , and in d u stry d iv isio n

woikers

N u m b e r o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t -tim e w eekly e a r n in g s of —
i

weekly
hours1
(standard)

$
90

Mean1
2

Median 2

Middle range 2

$
95

$

$
100

105

$
110

1

$
115

120

$
130

$
140

t

S
150

160

$
170

t

$
18 0

190

$
200

$

*
210

220

$
230

$
240

260

-

and
u n d er
95

$
250

and

100

105

110

115

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

260

over

-

~

-

-

-

2

2

10
8

5
5

13
13

13
13

16
9

27
27

104
92

26
14

19
7

50
14

16
16

35
35

14
14

2
-

_

2
-

6
6

30
30

52
52

41
39

36
36

40
27

17
5

46
9

26
24

15
15

19
19

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

8
8

8
8

57
57

49
35

25
11

30
6

4
4

10
10

6
6

2
2

4
A

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

7
7

6
6

11
10

13
12

12
11

11
10

7
5

10
10

i

MEN

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING —

352
267

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

$
211 .5 0
21 1 .5 0

$
2 0 4 .5 0
2 0 3 .5 0

$
$
2 0 0 .0 0 -2 3 3 .5 0
1 9 4 .5 0 -2 3 9 .5 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING -

332
262

4 1 .0
4 0 .0

170 .5 0 169 .5 0
1 6 8 . 0C 1 6 1 . 5 0

1 4 8 .0 0 -1 9 3 .0 0
1 4 5 .0 0 -1 9 4 .0 0

-

-

-

-

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING —

225
169

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 3 5 .5 0
1 3 4.50

1 3 3 .0 0
1 2 9 .0 0

1 2 3 .5 0 -1 5 0 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0 -1 4 1 .0 0

12
8

82
75

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

159 .5 0
158.50

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 9 .0 0

1 4 4 .0 0 -1 7 8 .0 0
1 4 2 . 5 0 - 1 7 6 . CO

5
5

*
-

WOMEN

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

1
1

1 S ta n d a rd h o u r s r e f le c t the w o rk w ee k fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u l a r s t r a ig h t - t im e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r t im e a t r e g u l a r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
to th e se w ee k ly h o u r s .
2 F o r d e fin itio n o f t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .




and the e a r n in g s c o r r e sp o n d

Table A-3. Office, Professional, and Technical Occupations—
Men and Women Combined
(A v e r a g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e w e e k ly h o u r s a n d e a r n i n g s f o r s e l e c t e d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 969)
A v erag e

O c c u p a tio n an d in d u s tr y d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w orkers

A v erag e

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s try d iv isio n

26

4 0 .0

$
110.50

B I L L E R S , MACHINE (BOOKKEEPING
M A C H I N E ) ------------------------------------------------------

60

4 0 .0

of
w orkers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS -

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS
B I L L E R S , MACHINE (B IL LIN G
M A C H I N E ) ------------------------------------------------------

W ee k ly
hours 1
(sta n d a rd )

W ee k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d ard )

CONTINUED

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
43

199
137
62

3 9 .5
4 0 .0

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 13.00
1 20.00

103.50
1 10.50
8 7 .5 0

O ccu p a tio n and in d u s tr y d iv isio n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS

-

N um ber
of
w orkers

W e e k ly
hours 1
(sta ndard)

W ee k ly
e arn in g s
(sta n d ard )

CONTINUED

300
196
104
25

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

$
98.0 0
101 .0 0
93.0 0
1 04.00

98
60
38

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

90.0 0
9 4 .0 0
83 .0 0

1,241
800
441
119

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 3 2 .5 0
138.00
122 .0 0
129.50

60
54

3 9 .0
3 9 .0

14 8 .5 0
14 6 .5 0

SECRETARIES, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

269
181
88

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .0

144.50
146.50
141.00

SECRETARIES, CLASS C
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2-

444
302
142
30

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .0
3 9 .0

1 41.50
1 51.00
1 21.00
1 34.50

SECRETARIES, CLASS 0 ------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

459
254
205

3 9 .5
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

114.50
1 15.00
113.50

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS

STENOGRAPHERS, GENERAL
MANUFACTURING ----------NONMANUFACTURING ----

424
244
180

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 09.00
109.00
109.00

281
215
66

3 9 .0
3 9 .5
3 8 .0

1 34.00
1 4 1.00
1 1 3.00

95 .0 0

BOOKKEEPING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------

A v erag e

N um ber
W ee k ly
e a rn in g s 1
(sta n d ard ) (sta n d ard )
W eek ly

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS B -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2---------------------------OFFICE BOYS AND GIRLSMANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —
SECRETARIES3--------------------MANUFACTURING ---------NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2
SECRETARIES, CLASS A —
MANUFACTURING ---------------

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONISTSMANUFACTURING------------ -------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

203
13 7
66

4 0.0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

96.0 0
99 .0 0
90.0 0

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS A ------------------------------------------------- ------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------

33
33

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

192.00
192.00

TABULATING-MACHINE OPERATORS,
CLASS B -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

70
58

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

147.50
155.00

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE OPERATORS,
GENERAL -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

73
63

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

86 .5 0
86 .5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS A -------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

284
188
96

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

1 1 0.50
1 1 6.50
99.5 0

T Y P I S T S , CLASS B --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

700
437
263

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9.0

92.5 0
9 8 .0 0
8 4 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS A ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ------------------- -------------------

361
276

4 0 .0
4 0 .0

2 1 1 .0 0
2 1 1 .0 0

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS B ---------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

340
270

4 1 .0
4 0.0

170 .5 0
167.50

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS A -------------MANUFACTURING-------------------------------- -----NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2----------------------------

362
2X0
152
43

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0
3 9 .5

1 31.50
137.00
1 23.50
1 39.00

CLERKS, ACCOUNTING, CLASS B
MANUFACTURING ---------------------NONMANUFACTURING ---------------

544
166
378

3 9 .5
3 9 .0
4 0 .0

94.5 0
1 04.50
9 0 .0 0

69
33

3 9 .0
4 0 .0

115.00
1 21.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS B
NONMANUFACTURING —
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 2

382
126
61

3 8 .0
3 8 .5
3 9 .0

91.5 0
85 .5 0
94.0 0

CLERKS, ORDER ---MANUFACTURING

353
165

4 0 .0
3 9 .5

96 .0 0
1 0 2.00

CLERKS, PAYROLL ------MANUFACTURING ---NONMANUFACTURING

223
168
55

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 19.50
1 22.50
1 1 1 .0 0

STENOGRAPHERS, SENIOR
MANUFACTURING --------NONMANUFACTURING —

DRAFTSMEN, CLASS C ------------------ ---------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

249
171

4 0.0
4 0 .0

1 35.00
134.50

COMPTOMETER OPERATORS —
MANUFACTURING ------------NONMANUFACTURING -------

238
113
125

4 0 .0
4 0 .0
4 0 .0

1 06.00
122.00
91 .5 0

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS A -------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

65
34
31

3 9 .5
3 9 .5
3 9 .5

123.50
132.50
114.00

DRAFTSMEN-TRACERS------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------- ----------------------------

133
34

4 0 .0
4 0.0

1 14.50
131.00

KEYPUNCH OPERATORS, CLASS A
MANUFACTURING ----

231
99

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

108.00
119.50

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS, CLASS B -------NONMANUFACTURING ----

113
101

4 0 .5
4 0 .5

8 2 .5 0
8 0 .5 0

NURSES, INDUSTRIAL (REGISTERED) -----MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

83
76

4 0.0
4 0 .0

159.50
1 5 8.50

CLERKS, F I L E , CLASS A --------------------------NONMANUFACTURING —-----------------------------

1 S ta n d a rd h o u rs r e f le c t the w o rk w eek f o r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e th e ir r e g u la r s t r a ig h t- tim e s a l a r i e s (e x c lu s iv e o f p a y f o r o v e r tim e a t r e g u la r a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ) ,
c o r r e s p o n d to th e s e w eek ly h o u rs.
2 T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th e r p u b lic u t ilit ie s .
3 M ay in clu d e w o r k e r s o th er than th o se p r e se n t e d s e p a r a t e ly .




and the e a r n in g s

10

Table A-4. Maintenance and Powerplant Occupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r m e n in s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s i s
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y to n , O h io , D e c e m b e r 1 969)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s

H o u rly e arn in g s 1
N um ber

2 . 60

O ccu p a tio n and in d u stry d iv isio n
w o ik ers

M e an 2

M e d ia n

M id d le ra n g e 2

L

$

$

$

195
130

9 .9 2
9 .9 9

9 .7 2
9 .7 3

9 .2 0 9 .2 2 -

$
9 .8 3
9i83

ELECTRICIANS, MAINTENANCE --------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

560
516

9 .9 9
9 .9 9

9 .8 0
9 .8 1

9 .2 3 9 .2 1 -

ENGINEERS, STATIONARY ----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

126
111

9 .2 5
9 .3 9

9 .2 6
9 .7 7

FIREMEN, STATIONARY BOILER ------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

33
29

3 .7 8
3 .9 2

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS, TOOLROOM ■
MANUFACTURING -------- --------------------------

837
836

MACHIN ISTS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 . 00

80

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 ,

*

t

1

$

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .70

3 .8 0

9 .00

9 .1 0

9 .20

*
9 .3 0

*
9 .9 0

i
9 .6 0

$
9 .80

*
5 .0 0

*

3 .9 0

$
3 .9 0

$

3 .3 0

3 , 30

3 .9 0

3 .5 0

3 .6 0

3 .7 0

?

.80

3 .9 0

9 .0 0

9 .10

9 .2 0

9 .3 0

9 .90

9 .6 0

9 .8 0

5 .0 0

5*20

over

9
9

2
“

7
7

8
8

2

2
-

5
2

31
31

97
99

-

-

29
29

—

-

7
5

1

11
11

90
90

13
11

17
17

1
1

3
3

2
2

35
33

9
3

91
91

35
33

91
6

36
39

276
276

9
9

6
6

19
8

11
11

8
8

-

-

11
10

6
9

_

-

“

3
3

3
3

59
59

-

9
9

_

_

_

_

-

~

-

2
2

_

-

8
8

_

“

4
9

_

-

-

-

-

-

100
10 0

291
291

396
396

16
8

59
55

26
22

186
186

“

s ----------1

*

10

3 ,

20

—

-

—

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

9 .8 7
9 .8 7

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

“

3
3

3 .6 2 3 .6 9 -

9 .8 5
9 .8 6

_

-

-

1

-

-

-

*

3 .7 5
3 .7 9

3 .2 8 3 .5 1 -

9 .5 3
9 .5 9

_

9
-

*

9 .8 1
9 .8 2

9 .9 6
9 .9 6

9 .8 1 9 .8 1 -

5 .0 5
5 .0 5

1

915
397

9 .5 9
9 .5 9

9 .8 2
9 .8 5

9 .2 3 9 .1 8 -

MECHANICS, AUTOMOTIVE
(MAINTENANCE) ---------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ----------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING ----------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 3— --------------------

215
122
93
65

3 .9 3
9 .1 8
3 .6 1
3 .5 6

3 .9 7
9 .2 3
3 .6 9
3 .9 3

MECHANICS, MAINTENANCE ---------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

939
909

4 .0 6
9 .0 2

MILLWRIGHTS ---------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

396
396

OILERS --------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

—

-

2
2

1
1

1
1

9
9

2
2

3
2

10
10

3
3

-

20
20

8
8

-

2
2

39
39

3
3

8
8

2
2

10
10

21
21

9
9

9
9

2
2

23
23

20
20

8
8

9
7

18
18

5

17
17
17

36
39
2
2

-

-

-

“

5 .0 9
5 .0 5

_

-

-

3 .6 9 3 .7 6 3 .2 9 2 .9 0 -

9 .2 6
9 .6 5
9 .1 0
9 .1 9

6

10

6
6

10
10

3 .8 6
3 .7 6

3 .5 6 3 .5 9 -

9 .5 8
9 .6 5

-

_

9 .5 7
9 .5 7

9 .8 2
9 .8 2

9 .0 9 9 .0 9 -

9 .8 6
9 .8 6

_

_

-

-

122
121

3 .6 5
3 .6 5

3 .8 1
3 .8 2

3 .9 2 3 .9 1 -

3 .8 7
3 .8 7

-

PAI NT E RS , MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

90
79

9 .3 2
9 .3 6

9 .5 9
9 .5 7

3 .8 0 9 .2 1 -

9 .7 9
9 .7 9

-

-

-

P I P E F I T T E R S , MAINTENANCE -----------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

335
317

9 .6 9
9 .6 6

9 .8 2
9 .8 2

9 .5 5 9 .7 2 -

9 .8 6
9 .8 6

PLUMBERS, MAINTENANCE -----------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

27
27

9 .5 2
9 .5 2

9 .8 1
9 .8 1

9 .1 5 9 .1 5 -

9 .8 6
9 .8 6

SHEET-METAL WORKERS, MAINTENANCE ■
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

135
133

9 .7 6
9 .7 6

9 .8 9
9 .8 9

9 .8 1 9 .8 1 -

9 .8 7
9 .8 7

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

TOOL AND DIE MAKERS ---------------------------MANUFACTURING -----------------------------------

891
891

9 .9 7
9 .9 7

5 .1 0
5 .1 0

5 .0 3 5 .0 3 -

5 .1 5
5 .1 5

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

12
12

-

-

—

3
3

-




-

-

-

E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m pay f o r o v e r tim e and f o r w o rk on w ee k e n d s,
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n icatio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .

O f—
T-f

i

3 . 10 3 . 2 0

T

5 .2 0

and
u n der
70

CARPENTERS, MAINTENANCE -------------------MANUFACTURING -------- --------------------------

s ----------■ J----------" 5 ”

T

$

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

3
3

1
1

_

_

2

9

9

1

-

-

2
2

9
9

9
9

1
1

“

5
3

25
9
16
2

39
37
2

9
4

12
3
9
3

11
9
7
7

-

-

6
6

6
6

-

55
55

32
32

73
73

19
19

17
17

28
28

_

“

29
29

18
18

-

_

_

_

-

_

-

*

13
13

91
91

_

-

29
29

-

“

11
11

_

“

16
16

6
6

9
9

9
3

5
5

10
10

59
59

10
10

-

3
3

-

3
3

-

5
*

9
9

1

_

-

-

-

“

“

-

3
3

9
9

_

1
1

_

_

_

-

3
3

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

**

9
9

-

3
3

-

and la te sh ifts,

-

13
13

25
25

65
65

_

6
6

37
37

212
212

_

*

“

1
1

17
17

33
33

-

9
1

93
91

206
206

_

1
1

1
1

19
19

_

108
108

-

15
15

797
797

5
1

_

-

8
8

17
17

7
5

28
28

9

2

-

_

_

-

8
8

-

-

-

_

12
10

8
8

-

6
6

9
9

11
11

20
20

16
16

-

-

1

-

7
7

26
26

_

1

h o lid a y s ,

-

27
*

2
2

-

-

3
“

_

-

3
3

-

“

1
1

-

-

-

2

_

-

28
28

-

1

_

2
2
-

19
12

-

1

“

_

-

4
4

-

22
22

.

5
5

2
2

33
33

-

9

-

-

-

_

2
1

-

_

2
2

11

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations
(A v e ra g e s t r a i g h t - t i m e h o u r ly e a r n in g s f o r s e le c te d o c c u p a tio n s s tu d ie d o n a n a r e a b a s is
b y i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n , D a y to n , O h i o , D e c e m b e r 1 969)

N u m b e r of w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t i m e h o u rly e a r n in g s oi

H o u rly e a r n in g s 2

$
1 .70

$
1 .8 0

$
1 .9 0

s

$
2 .1 0

$
2 .2 0

$
2 .5 0

$
2.6 0

$
2 .7 0

$
2 .8 0

t
2 .9 0

$
3 .00

$
3 .10

$

$

3 .20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

S
3 .8 0

t
4 .00

%

2 .3 0

$
2 .4 0

*

2 .0 0

1 .7 0

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

N um ber
of
w oriteis

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 .5 0

2 .6 0

2.7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3.20

3 .4 0

3 .6 0

3 .8 0

4 .0 0

4 .2 0

4 .4 0

63
63

9
9

1
1
“

9
9

-

6
6

-

5
5

13
9
4

7
6
1

8
6
2

30
28
2

2
1
1

9
6
3

5
4
1

15
15

~

29
26
3

82
72
10

14
14

229
229
“

53
53
~

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

6

20

-

1

4

15

26

60

-

229

53

-

U nder
M ean3

GUARDS AND WATCHMEN -------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

589
480
109

$
3 .3 0
3 .5 4
2 .2 6

GUARDS:
MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

M e d ian 3

M id d le r a n g e 3

$
3 .61
3 .8 2
1.69

$
2 .7 9 3 .3 8 1 .6 4 -

$
3 .8 6
3 .8 7
3 .2 0

3 .4 4 -

3 .8 8

$
1 .60

$

-

426

3 .6 6

3.83

WATCHMEN:
MANUFACTURING ------------------------------ --------

54

2 .5 6

2 .4 9

1 .9 4 -

2 .9 9

-

JAN IT ORS , PORTERS, AND CLEANERS -----MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

1,842
1,250
592

2 .7 9
3 .1 3
2 .0 6

2.88
3 .40
1.86

2 .2 7 2 .8 3 1 .6 8 -

3 .4 6
3 .51
2 .3 0

41

-

41

143
—
143

6

-

-

9

1

9

-

-

-

-

9

-

90

56
16
40

26
26

42

12
12

74
24
50

30
8
22

75
65
10

120
96
24

-

90

-

42

JAN IT ORS , PORTERS, AND CLEANERS
(WOMEN) -------------------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------------

252
101
151
36

2 .3 5
2 .9 2
1 .9 7
2 .2 7

2.20
3 .25
1 .87
2 .0 6

1 .8 0 2 .3 5 1 .6 8 1 .9 3 -

3 .0 3
3 .5 1
2 .2 2
2 .8 5

LABORERS, MATERIAL HANDLING -------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------------

1 ,6 1 1
1,1 7 6
435
93

3 .0 6
3 .0 8
3 .0 0
3 .7 5

3 .1 5
3 .1 8
3 .00
3 .9 0

2 .6 8 2 .7 5 2 .1 9 3 .8 1 -

3 .5 7
3 .5 6
3 .8 2
3 .9 5

-

OROER
FILLERS -------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

431
263
168

3 .4 9
3 .4 1
3 .6 2

3 .73
3 .6 8
3 .8 0

2 .9 9 2 .9 6 3 .7 3 -

3 .7 9
3 .7 5
3 .9 5

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING ------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

625
595

3 .2 6
3 .3 3

3 .5 8
3 .6 1

2 .8 7 2 .9 2 -

3.8C
3 .8 1

-

PACKERS, SHIPPING (WOMEN) ------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

366
332

3 .2 3
3 .3 4

3 .5 4
3 .5 5

2 .6 7 3 .5 0 -

3 .5 9
3 .5 9

_

RECEIVING CLERKS --------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

157
83
74

3 .1 0
3 .2 0
2 .9 8

3 .2 1
3 .2 2
3 .21

2 .9 6 2 .9 6 2 .7 3 -

3 .3 9
3 .4 7
3 .2 9

-

-

-

~

-

9

9

-

SHIPPING CLERKS ----------------------------------------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

58
47

3 .5 0
3 .5 2

3.48
3 .4 9

3 .1 8 3 .0 9 -

3 .8 5
3 .7 9

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

1

SHIPPIN G AND RECEIVING CLERKS ---------MANUFACTURING ---------------------------------------

152
132

3 .3 3
3 .3 9

3 .3 8
3 .51

2 .9 7 3 .0 2 -

3 .6 8
3 .6 9

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

TRUCKDRIVERS 5 --------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -------------------------------PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 4----------------------------

1 ,7 6 3
641
1,122
744

3 .7 1
3 .5 3
3 .8 1
3 .9 9

3 .9 1
3 .7 7
4 .0 2
4 .0 4

3 .3 9 3 .2 0 3 .7 1 4 .0 2 -

4 .0 3
3 .9 0
4 .0 6
4 .0 7

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

9

17
13
4

TRUCKDRIVERS, LIGHT (UNDER
1 - 1 / 2 TONS) ------------------------------------------MANUFACTURING---------------------------------------

111
75

3 .3 2
3 .4 3

3 .2 7
3 .3 5

2 .9 8 3 .0 4 -

3 .8 2
3 .8 5

_

_

4

TRUCKDRIVERS, MEDIUM ( 1 - 1 / 2 TO
AND INCLUDING 4 TONS) --------------------MANUFACTURING --------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------

354
258
96

3 .5 7
3 .5 4
3 .6 4

3 .7 8
3 .9 1
3 .6 5

3 .1 7 3 .1 4 3 .4 3 -

3 .9 6
3 .9 5
4 .0 3

S e e fo o tn o te s a t end of ta b le .




4 .2 0

and
u n d er

$
1.6 0

50
-

-

-

50

13
10
3

“

“

49
49

36
14
22

-

_
_

_

-

1

11

35

-

-

11

35

15

-

“

33
28
5

36

11
9
2

36

_
_

_

_

_
-

15

9
9

24
24

20
2

5

4

~

-

19
16

4

_

_

_

_

_

5

_
-

_

_
-

9

_
-

5
2
3

3
3

-

“
8

8
3

_

100
85
15

36
26
10

3
2
1
1
60
44
16

1

5

-

-

-

12

-

-

-

-

198
194
4

28
17
11

53
35
18

19
15
4

132
100
32

642
628
14

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_
-

89
87
2

11
4
7
7

2
1
1
1

89
85
4
4

134
80
54

61
53
8
6

40
38
2

32
31
1

62
60
2

-

66
66

23
23

9

1

1

9

1

1

1

“

9
9

12
12

43
43

39
39

.

13
13

3

32
32

3
3

3

-

“

“

-

_

13
13

11
9

-

14
9

-

9

_

_

8

9

-

2
2

-

3

_

_

_

2
1
1
1

1
1

_

-

-

-

30
18
12

8
44
38
6

-

1
1

_
_

11
5
6

-

-

-

-

21
1
20
17

_

-

-

1

-

31
9

“

“

-

31

17
14
3

_

6
6

47
47

-

~

~

-

~
“

“
146
96
50

_

154
15 0
4

139
25
11 4
72

19
19

-

_

_

-

_

“

212
149
63

81

-

81

-

-

2
2

39
39

18
18

15 3
153

91
91

65
65

“

1
1

1
1

3
3

190
190

54
54

10
10

-

_

“

14
13
1

27
12
15

5
3
2

43
17
26

32
25
7

2

_

3

-

-

3
3

-

20
20

325
288
37
8

~

_

-

-

_

*

-

“

3

“

_

-

_

-

_

9
9

_

4
3

“

10
6

17
16

3
2

_
“

3

11
11

-

14

_
"

6
6

_

24
24

8
8

-

25
23

17
17

33
33

11
9

12
10

12
8
4

13
10
3

34
28
6

27
22
5

35
28
7

108
44
64

179
55
12 4
1

93
72
21
19

10 8
50
58
53

447
3 01
146
5

671

3

9
3

16
12

12
10

6
3

12
11

15
2

25
25

11
10
1

5
3
2

41
28
13

15
11
4

14
6
8

-

4
4

-

-

_

4
4

-

_

-

3
3

3
3

_
12
8
4

_
-

2

_
51
20
31

34
34

1 40
14C

~
671
666

_

~

3
3

~

_

”
33
33

_
-

12

Table A-5. Custodial and Material Movement Occupations— Continued
(A v e r a g e s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s fo r s e le c t e d o c c u p a tio n s stu d ie d on an a r e a b a s i s
b y in d u s tr y d iv isio n , D ay ton, O h io, D e c e m b e r 1969)
N u m b e r of v o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s t r a ig h t - t im e h o u rly e a r n in g s of —

H o u rly e a r n in g s 2

O c c u p a tio n 1 and in d u stry d iv isio n

$
Unde r 1 . 6 0

Number
of

woikeis

M ean^

M e d ian 3

M id d le r a n g e 3

$
1 .6 0

$

s

*

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

$
2 .5 0

2 .6 0

S
2 .7 0

$
2 .80

$
2 .9 0

$
3 .0 0

$
3 .1 0

*
3 .2 0

$
3 .4 0

S
3 .6 0

$
3 .8 0

4 .00

$
4 .2 0

2 .0 0

2 .1 0

2 .2 0

2 .3 0

2 .4 0

2 . SO 2 . 6 0

2 .7 0

2 .8 0

2 .9 0

3 .0 0

3 .1 0

3 .2 0

3 .4 0

3 .60

3 .8 0

4 .C C 4 . 2 0

4 .40

132

32

*

*

1 .8 0

1 .8 0

1 .9 0

$

*

and
u n d er
1.7C

TRUCKDRIVERS5 -

*

1 .9 0

$
2 .0 0

$
1 .7 0

CONTINUED

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,

$
903
79
824

TRUCKDRIVERS, HEAVY (OVER 4 TONS,
OTHER THAN TRAILER TYPE I

TRUCKERS, POKER (FORKLIFT)
MANUFACTURING -----------------------------

$

3 .4 4

4 .0 2
3 .4 5

103
67

$

3 .1 4 -

4 .0 3

$
3 .8 4 3 .2 6 3 .9 0 -

3 .7 2

10

4 .0 6
3 .8 1
4 .0 6

10

16

32

873
786

3 .4 5
3 .4 4

3 .6 4
3 .6 4

3 .1 3 3 .0 9 -

3 .8 2
3 .8 2

9?

3*56

3* 5A

3*36

3*53

IlO

18

10

rv

J .IV
10
10

4
4

14
14

8

8

49
49

19
19

15
15

144

570

126

570

237
237

15

18
rz

8

84
84

45
45

re

30
30

94
46

38
38

241
217

17
17

43
43

1

-

TRUCKERS, POWER (OTHER THAN

1
2
3
4
5

D ata lim ite d to m e n w o r k e r s e x c e p t w h ere o th e r w ise in d ic a te d .
E x c lu d e s p r e m iu m p a y fo r o v e r t im e and fo r w o rk on w e e k e n d s, h o lid a y s , and la te sh ifts .
F o r d e fin itio n of t e r m s , s e e fo o tn o te 2, ta b le A - l .
T r a n s p o r t a t io n , c o m m u n ic atio n , and o th er p u b lic u t il it i e s .
In c lu d e s a ll d r i v e r s , a s d e fin e d , r e g a r d l e s s of s i z e and type of tr u c k o p e ra te d .




12
12

20
20

-

Appendix.

Occupational Descriptions

T h e p r i m a r y p u r p o s e o f p r e p a r i n g jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s f o r th e B u r e a u 's w a g e s u r v e y s i s to a s s i s t i t s f i e l d s t a f f in c l a s s i f y i n g in to a p p r o p r i a t e
o c c u p a t io n s w o r k e r s w ho a r e e m p lo y e d u n d e r a v a r i e t y o f p a y r o l l t i t l e s a n d d if f e r e n t w o r k a r r a n g e m e n t s f r o m e s t a b l i s h m e n t to e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d
f r o m a r e a to a r e a .
T h is p e r m i t s th e g r o u p in g o f o c c u p a t io n a l w a g e r a t e s r e p r e s e n t i n g c o m p a r a b l e jo b c o n te n t .
B e c a u s e o f th is e m p h a s i s on
in t e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t a n d i n t e r a r e a c o m p a r a b i l i t y o f o c c u p a t io n a l c o n te n t, th e B u r e a u 's jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s m a y d if f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m t h o s e in u s e in
in d iv id u a l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s o r t h o s e p r e p a r e d f o r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In a p p ly in g t h e s e jo b d e s c r i p t i o n s , th e B u r e a u 's f ie ld e c o n o m i s t s a r e i n s t r u c t e d
to e x c l u d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s ; a p p r e n t i c e s ; l e a r n e r s ; b e g in n e r s ; t r a i n e e s ; a n d h a n d ic a p p e d , p a r t - t i m e , t e m p o r a r y , a n d p r o b a t i o n a r y w o r k e r s .

OFFICE
B IL L E R ,

CLERK,

M A C H IN E

P r e p a r e s s t a t e m e n t s , b i l l s , a n d i n v o i c e s on a m a c h in e o th e r th a n a n o r d in a r y o r e l e c t r o m a tic ty p e w r ite r .
M a y a l s o k e e p r e c o r d s a s to b i l l i n g s o r sh ip p in g c h a r g e s o r p e r f o r m o th e r
c l e r i c a l w o r k in c id e n t a l to b il lin g o p e r a t i o n s . F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , b i l l e r s , m a c h in e , a r e
c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f m a c h in e , a s f o ll o w s :
B i l l e r , m a c h in e ( b illin g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a s p e c i a l b il lin g m a c h in e (M o o n H o p k in s , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , B u r r o u g h s , e t c . , w h ic h a r e c o m b in a t io n ty p in g a n d a d d in g m a c h in e s ) to p r e p a r e b i l l s
a n d i n v o i c e s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ' p u r c h a s e o r d e r s , in t e r n a l ly p r e p a r e d o r d e r s , sh ip p in g m e m o ­
r a n d u m s , e t c . U s u a l l y i n v o l v e s a p p lic a t i o n o f p r e d e t e r m in e d d is c o u n t s a n d s h ip p in g c h a r g e s ,
a n d e n t r y o f n e c e s s a r y e x t e n s i o n s , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t b e c o m p u te d on th e b il lin g m a c h in e ,
a n d t o t a l s w h ich a r e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e d b y m a c h in e . T h e o p e r a t io n u s u a l l y in v o lv e s
a l a r g e n u m b e r o f c a r b o n c o p i e s o f th e b i l l b e in g p r e p a r e d a n d i s o fte n d o n e on a fa n f o ld
m a c h in e .
B i l l e r , m a c h in e (b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ) . U s e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( S u n d s t r a n d , E l l i o t t
F i s h e r , R e m in g to n R a n d , e t c . , w h ich m a y o r m a y n o t h a v e t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to p r e p a r e
c u s t o m e r s ' b i l l s a s p a r t o f th e a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o p e r a t io n . G e n e r a ll y in v o l v e s tjhe s i m u l t a ­
n e o u s e n t r y o f f i g u r e s on c u s t o m e r s ' l e d g e r r e c o r d . T h e m a c h in e a u t o m a t i c a l l y a c c u m u l a t e s
f i g u r e s on a n u m b e r o f v e r t i c a l c o lu m n s a n d c o m p u t e s , a n d u s u a l l y p r in t s a u t o m a t i c a l l y the
d e b i t o r c r e d i t b a l a n c e s . D o e s n o t in v o lv e a k n o w le d g e o f b o o k k e e p in g . W o rk s f r o m u n if o r m
and sta n d a r d ty p e s of s a l e s and c r e d it s l ip s .

O p e r a t e s a b o o k k e e p in g m a c h in e ( R e m in g to n R a n d , E l l i o t t F i s h e r , S u n d s t r a n d , B u r r o u g h s ,
N a tio n a l C a s h R e g i s t e r , w ith o r w ith o u t a t y p e w r it e r k e y b o a r d ) to k e e p a r e c o r d o f b u s i n e s s
tr a n s a c tio n s .
C la ss A.
K e e p s a s e t o f r e c o r d s r e q u ir i n g a k n o w le d g e of a n d e x p e r i e n c e in b a s i c
b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s , a n d f a m i l i a r i t y w ith th e s t r u c t u r e o f th e p a r t i c u l a r a c c o u n t in g s y s t e m
u s e d . D e t e r m i n e s p r o p e r r e c o r d s a n d d is t r i b u t i o n o f d e b it an d c r e d i t i t e m s to b e u s e d in e a c h
p h a s e o f th e w o r k .
M a y p r e p a r e c o n s o l id a t e d r e p o r t s , b a l a n c e s h e e t s , a n d o th e r r e c o r d s
b y h and.

C l a s s B . S o r t s , c o d e s , a n d f i l e s u n c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y s i m p le ( s u b je c t m a t t e r ) h e a d ­
in g s ~ o r ~ p a r t l y c l a s s i f i e d m a t e r i a l b y f i n e r s u b h e a d in g s . P r e p a r e s s i m p le r e l a t e d in d e x a n d
c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a i d s . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s c l e a r l y id e n t i f ie d m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s
m a te r ia l.
M a y p e r f o r m r e l a t e d c l e r i c a l t a s k s r e q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
C l a s s C . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e f il in g o f m a t e r i a l th a t h a s a l r e a d y b e e n c l a s s i f i e d o r w h ich
i s e a s i l y c l a s s i f i e d in a s i m p le s e r i a l c l a s s i f i c a t i o n s y s t e m ( e . g . , a lp h a b e t i c a l , c h r o n o lo g ic a l,
o r n u m e r i c a l ) . A s r e q u e s t e d , l o c a t e s r e a d i l y a v a i l a b l e m a t e r i a l in f i l e s a n d f o r w a r d s m a ­
t e r i a l ; a n d m a y f i l l o u t w ith d r a w a l c h a r g e . P e r f o r m s s i m p le c l e r i c a l a n d m a n u a l t a s k s r e ­
q u i r e d to m a in t a in a n d s e r v i c e f i l e s .
CLERK,

CLERK,

ORDER

PAYRO LL

C o m p u t e s w a g e s o f c o m p a n y e m p l o y e e s a n d e n t e r s th e n e c e s s a r y d a t a on th e p a y r o l l
s h e e t s . D u t ie s in v o lv e : C a lc u la t i n g w o r k e r s ' e a r n i n g s b a s e d on tim e o r p r o d u c tio n r e c o r d s ; a n d
p o s t in g c a lc u l a t e d d a t a on p a y r o l l s h e e t , sh o w in g in f o r m a t io n su c h a s w o r k e r 's n a m e , w o r k in g
d a y s , t i m e , r a t e , d e d u c tio n s f o r in s u r a n c e , a n d t o t a l w a g e s d u e . M a y m a k e o u t p a y c h e c k s a n d
a s s i s t p a y m a s t e r in m a k in g u p a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g p a y e n v e l o p e s .
M a y u s e a c a lc u la t i n g m a c h in e .

C l a s s B . K e e p s a r e c o r d o f one o r m o r e p h a s e s o r s e c tio n s of a s e t o f r e c o r d s u s u a lly
r e q u ir i n g li t t l e k n o w le d g e o f b a s i c b o o k k e e p in g . P h a s e s o r s e c t i o n s in c lu d e a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ,
p a y r o l l , c u s t o m e r s ' a c c o u n t s (n o t in c lu d in g a s i m p le ty p e o f b il lin g d e s c r i b e d u n d e r b i l l e r ,
m a c h in e ) , c o s t d i s t r i b u t i o n , e x p e n s e d i s t r i b u t i o n , in v e n t o r y c o n t r o l , e t c . M a y c h e c k o r a s s i s t
in p r e p a r a t i o n o f t r i a l b a l a n c e s a n d p r e p a r e c o n t r o l s h e e t s f o r th e a c c o u n t in g d e p a r t m e n t .

CO M PTO M ETER OPERATOR

A C C O U N T IN G

C l a s s A . U n d e r g e n e r a l d i r e c t i o n o f a b o o k k e e p e r o r a c c o u n t a n t, h a s r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r
k e e p in g one o r m o r e s e c t i o n s o f a c o m p le t e s e t o f b o o k s o r r e c o r d s r e la t in g to o n e p h a s e
of a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t 's b u s i n e s s t r a n s a c t i o n s . W o rk i n v o l v e s p o s tin g a n d b a l a n c in g s u b s i d i a r y
l e d g e r o r l e d g e r s su c h a s a c c o u n t s r e c e i v a b l e o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le ; e x a m in in g a n d c o d in g
in v o i c e s o r v o u c h e r s w ith p r o p e r a c c o u n t in g d is t r i b u t i o n ; a n d r e q u i r e s ju d g m e n t a n d e x p e r i ­
e n c e in m a k in g p r o p e r a s s i g n a t i o n s an d a l l o c a t i o n s . M a y a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g , a d ju s t i n g , a n d
c l o s i n g jo u r n a l e n t r i e s ; a n d m a y d i r e c t c l a s s B a c c o u n t in g c l e r k s .
C l a s s B . U n d e r s u p e r v i s i o n , p e r f o r m s one o r m o r e r o u t in e a c c o u n t in g o p e r a t io n s su c h
a s p o s tin g s i m p le jo u r n a l v o u c h e r s o r a c c o u n t s p a y a b le v o u c h e r s , e n t e r in g v o u c h e r s in
v o u c h e r r e g i s t e r s ; r e c o n c il in g b a n k a c c o u n t s ; a n d p o s t in g s u b s i d i a r y l e d g e r s c o n t r o l le d b y
g e n e r a l l e d g e r s , o r p o s t in g s i m p le c o s t a c c o u n t in g d a t a . T h is jo b d o e s n o t r e q u i r e a k n o w l­
e d g e o f a c c o u n t in g a n d b o o k k e e p in g p r i n c i p l e s b u t i s fo u n d in o f f i c e s in w h ich th e m o r e r o u tin e
a c c o u n t in g w o r k i s su b d iv id e d on a f u n c tio n a l b a s i s a m o n g s e v e r a l w o r k e r s .




f il in g s y s t e m c o n ta in in g a n u m b e r o f v a r i e d s u b je c t m a t t e r
m a t e r i a l su c h a s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o c u ­
m a t e r i a l . M a y k e e p r e c o r d s o f v a r i o u s t y p e s in c o n ju n c t io n
a l l g r o u p o f lo w e r l e v e l f i l e c l e r k s .

R e c e i v e s c u s t o m e r s ' o r d e r s f o r m a t e r i a l o r m e r c h a n d i s e b y m< T , p h o n e , o r p e r s o n a l l y .
D u t ie s in v o lv e a n y c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g : Q u o tin g p r i c e s to c u s t o m e r s ; m a k in g o u t a n o r d e r
s h e e t l i s t i n g th e i t e m s to m a k e u p th e o r d e r ; c h e c k in g p r i c e s a n d q u a n t i t ie s o f i t e m s on o r d e r
s h e e t ; a n d d is t r i b u t i n g o r d e r s h e e t s to r e s p e c t i v e d e p a r t m e n t s to b e f i l l e d . M a y c h e c k w ith c r e d i t
d e p a r t m e n t to d e t e r m in e c r e d i t r a t i n g o f c u s t o m e r , a c k n o w le d g e r e c e i p t o f o r d e r s f r o m c u s t o m e r s ,
fo llo w u p o r d e r s to s e e th a t th e y h a v e b e e n f i l l e d , k e e p f i l e o f o r d e r s r e c e i v e d , a n d c h e c k sh ip p in g
i n v o i c e s w ith o r i g i n a l o r d e r s .

B O O K K E E P IN G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R

CLERK,

F IL E

C l a s s A . In a n e s t a b l i s h e d
f i l e s , c l a s s i f i e s a n d in d e x e s f i l e
m e n t s , e t c . M a y a l s o f i l e t h is
w ith th e f i l e s .
M a y le a d a s m

13

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to o p e r a t e a C o m p t o m e t e r to p e r f o r m m a t h e m a t ic a l c o m p u t a t i o n s . T h is
jo b i s n o t to b e c o n f u s e d w ith th a t o f s t a t i s t i c a l o r o th e r ty p e o f c l e r k , w h ic h m a y in v o lv e f r e ­
q u e n t u s e o f a C o m p t o m e t e r b u t, in w h ic h , u s e o f t h is m a c h in e i s in c id e n t a l to p e r f o r m a n c e o f
o th e r d u t ie s .
KEYPUNCH O PERATO R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a n u m e r ic a l a n d / o r a lp h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to
t r a n s c r i b e d a t a f r o m v a r i o u s s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . P e r f o r m s s a m e
t a s k s a s lo w e r l e v e l k e y p u n c h o p e r a t o r b u t, in a d d it io n , w o r k r e q u i r e s a p p lic a t i o n o f c o d in g
s k i l l s a n d th e m a k in g o f s o m e d e t e r m i n a t i o n s , f o r e x a m p le , l o c a t e s on th e s o u r c e d o c u m e n t
th e i t e m s to b e p u n c h e d ; e x t r a c t s in f o r m a t io n f r o m s e v e r a l d o c u m e n t s ; a n d s e a r c h e s f o r a n d
i n t e r p r e t s in f o r m a t io n on th e d o c u m e n t to d e t e r m in e in f o r m a t io n to b e p u n c h e d . M a y t r a i n
in e x p e r ie n c e d o p e r a t o r s .

14
S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

K E Y P U N C H O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d
C la ss B.
U n d e r c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n o r f o llo w in g s p e c i f i c p r o c e d u r e s o r i n s t r u c t i o n s ,
t r a n s c r i b e s d a t a f r o m s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s to p u n c h e d c a r d s .
O p e r a te s a n u m e r ic a l a n d /o r
a l p h a b e t i c a l o r c o m b in a t io n k e y p u n c h m a c h in e to k e y p u n c h t a b u la t in g c a r d s . M a y v e r i f y c a r d s .
W o rk in g f r o m v a r i o u s s t a n d a r d i z e d s o u r c e d o c u m e n t s , f o ll o w s s p e c i f i e d s e q u e n c e s w h ich h a v e
b e e n c o d e d o r p r e s c r i b e d in d e t a i l a n d r e q u i r e li t t l e o r no s e l e c t i n g , c o d in g , o r in t e r p r e t in g
o f d a t a to b e p u n c h e d . P r o b l e m s a r i s i n g f r o m e r r o n e o u s i t e m s o r c o d e s , m i s s i n g in f o r m a t io n ,
e t c . , a r e r e f e r r e d to s u p e r v i s o r .

d. S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t , f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o th e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
e.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a l a r g e a n d i m p o r t a n t o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a m id d le
m a n a g e m e n t s u p e r v i s o r o f a n o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t o fte n in v o lv in g a s m a n y a s s e v e r a l
h u n d r e d p e r s o n s ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss C

O F F IC E BO Y OR G IR L
P e r f o r m s v a r i o u s r o u t in e d u t ie s s u c h a s r u n n in g e r r a n d s , o p e r a t in g m i n o r o f f ic e m a ­
c h in e s su c h a s s e a l e r s o r m a i l e r s , o p e n in g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g m a i l , a n d o th e r m i n o r c l e r i c a l w o r k .

SEC R ET A R Y
A s s i g n e d a s p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n o r m a l l y to one in d iv id u a l. M a in t a in s a c l o s e a n d h ig h ly
r e s p o n s i v e r e l a t i o n s h i p to th e d a y - t o - d a y w o r k a c t i v i t i e s o f th e s u p e r v i s o r . W o rk s f a i r l y in d e ­
p e n d e n tly r e c e i v i n g a m in im u m o f d e t a ile d s u p e r v i s i o n a n d g u id a n c e .
P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c l e r ic a l
a n d s e c r e t a r i a l d u t i e s , u s u a l l y in c lu d in g m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : (a ) R e c e i v e s te le p h o n e c a l l s ,
p e r s o n a l c a l l e r s , a n d in c o m in g m a i l , a n s w e r s r o u t in e i n q u i r i e s , a n d r o u t e s th e t e c h n ic a l in q u i r i e s
to th e p r o p e r p e r s o n s ; (b) e s t a b l i s h e s , m a i n t a i n s , a n d r e v i s e s th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s f i l e s ; (c) m a in t a in s
th e s u p e r v i s o r ' s c a le n d a r a n d m a k e s a p p o i n t m e n t s a s i n s t r u c t e d ; (d) r e l a y s m e s s a g e s f r o m s u p e r ­
v i s o r to s u b o r d i n a t e s ; (e) r e v i e w s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o r a n d a , a n d r e p o r t s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s
f o r th e s u p e r v i s o r 's s i g n a t u r e to a s s u r e p r o c e d u r a l a n d t y p o g r a p h ic a c c u r a c y ; a n d (f) p e r f o r m s
s t e n o g r a p h ic a n d ty p in g w o r k .
M a y a l s o p e r f o r m o th e r c l e r i c a l a n d s e c r e t a r i a l t a s k s o f c o m p a r a b le n a tu r e a n d d if f i c u l t y .
T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y r e q u i r e s k n o w le d g e o f o f f ic e r o u t in e a n d u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f th e o r g a n i z a t io n ,
p r o g r a m s , a n d p r o c e d u r e s r e l a t e d to th e w o r k o f th e s u p e r v i s o r .
E x c lu sio n s
.N ot a l l p o s it i o n s th a t a r e t i t le d " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s th e a b o v e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c s . E x a m p l e s
o f p o s i t i o n s w h ic h a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m th e d e f in it io n a r e a s f o l l o w s : (a) P o s i t i o n s w h ich d o n o t m e e t
th e " p e r s o n a l " s e c r e t a r y c o n c e p t d e s c r i b e d a b o v e ; (b) s t e n o g r a p h e r s n o t f u l ly t r a i n e d in s e c r e t a r i a l
ty p e d u t i e s ; (c ) s t e n o g r a p h e r s s e r v i n g a s o f f ic e a s s i s t a n t s to a g r o u p o f p r o f e s s i o n a l , t e c h n i c a l ,
o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n s ; (d) s e c r e t a r y p o s i t i o n s in w h ic h th e d u t ie s a r e e i t h e r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e
r o u t in e o r s u b s t a n t i a l l y m o r e c o m p le x a n d r e s p o n s i b l e th a n t h o s e c h a r a c t e r i z e d in th e d e f in it io n ;
a n d (e) a s s i s t a n t ty p e p o s i t i o n s w h ic h in v o lv e m o r e d i f f i c u l t o r m o r e r e s p o n s i b l e t e c h n ic a l, a d m in ­
i s t r a t i v e , s u p e r v i s o r y , o r s p e c i a l i z e d c l e r i c a l d u t ie s w h ic h a r e n o t t y p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r i a l w o rk .
N O T E : T h e t e r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r , " u s e d in th e l e v e l d e f in i t io n s f o llo w in g , r e f e r s to
t h o s e o f f i c i a l s w ho h a v e a s i g n i f i c a n t c o r p o r a t e - w i d e p o l ic y m a k i n g r o l e w ith r e g a r d to m a jo r
c o m p a n y a c t i v i t i e s . T h e t i t le " v i c e p r e s i d e n t , " th o u g h n o r m a l l y in d ic a t iv e o f t h is r o l e , d o e s n o t
in a l l c a s e s id e n t ify su c h p o s i t i o n s . V ic e p r e s i d e n t s w h o s e p r i m a r y r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s to a c t p e r ­
s o n a l l y on in d iv id u a l c a s e s o r t r a n s a c t i o n s ( e . g . , a p p r o v e o r d e n y in d iv id u a l lo a n o r c r e d i t a c t i o n s ;
a d m i n i s t e r in d iv id u a l t r u s t a c c o u n t s ; d i r e c t l y s u p e r v i s e a c l e r i c a l s t a f f ) a r e no t c o n s i d e r e d to be
" c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r s " f o r p u r p o s e s o f a p p ly in g th e fo llo w in g l e v e l d e f i n i t i o n s .

a.
S e c r e t a r y to a n e x e c u t i v e o r m a n a g e r i a l p e r s o n w h o s e r e s p o n s i b i l i t y i s no t e q u iv a le n t
to o n e o f th e s p e c i f i c l e v e l s i t u a t i o n s in th e d e fin it io n f o r c l a s s B , b u t w h o s e s u b o r d in a t e s t a f f
n o r m a l ly n u m b e r s a t l e a s t s e v e r a l d o z e n e m p l o y e e s a n d i s u s u a l l y d iv id e d in to o r g a n i z a t i o n a l
s e g m e n t s w h ic h a r e o fte n , in t u r n , f u r t h e r s u b d iv id e d . In s o m e c o m p a n i e s , t h is l e v e l in c lu d e s
a w id e r a n g e o f o r g a n i z a t i o n a l e c h e lo n s ; in o t h e r s , o n ly o n e o r tw o ; o r
b.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d o f a n in d iv id u a l p la n t, f a c t o r y , e t c . ( o r o t h e r e q u iv a le n t l e v e l
o f o f f i c i a l ) th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , f e w e r th a n 5, 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .
C la ss D
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e s u p e r v i s o r o r h e a d o f a s m a l l o r g a n i z a t i o n a l u n it ( e . g . , f e w e r th a n
a b o u t 25 o r 3 0 p e r s o n s ) ; cm
b.
S e c r e t a r y to a n o n s u p e r v i s o r y s t a f f s p e c i a l i s t , p r o f e s s i o n a l e m p l o y e e , a d m i n i s t r a ­
t i v e o f f i c e r , o r a s s i s t a n t , s k i l l e d t e c h n ic i a n o r e x p e r t .
(N O T E ;
M a n y c o m p a n ie s a s s i g n
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , r a t h e r th a n s e c r e t a r i e s a s d e s c r i b e d a b o v e , to t h is l e v e l o f s u p e r v i s o r y o r
n o n s u p e r v i s o r y w o r k e r .)
ST E N O G R A P H E R ,

GENERAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to ta k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m o n e o r m o r e
p e r s o n s e i t h e r in sh o r t h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y
a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y . M a y m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p s i m p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t i v e l y
r o u t in e c l e r i c a l t a s k s .
M a y o p e r a t e f r o m a s t e n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g m a c h in e w o r k .
(S e e tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e o p e r a t o r .)
~
STEN O G R A PH ER ,

SE N IO R

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t a k e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u la r y
su c h a s in l e g a l b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h f r o m one o r m o r e p e r s o n s e i t h e r in s h o r t ­
h a n d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e ; a n d t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n . M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it te n
copy.
M a y a l s o s e t u p a n d m a in t a in f i l e s , k e e p r e c o r d s , e t c .
OR

P e r f o r m s s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s r e q u ir i n g s i g n i f i c a n t l y g r e a t e r in d e p e n d e n c e a n d r e s p o n s i ­
b i l i t y th a n s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l a s e v id e n c e d b y th e f o llo w in g : W o rk r e q u i r e s h ig h d e g r e e of
s t e n o g r a p h ic s p e e d a n d a c c u r a c y ; a n d a th o r o u g h w o r k in g k n o w le d g e o f g e n e r a l b u s i n e s s a n d o f f ic e
p r o c e d u r e s a n d o f th e s p e c i f i c b u s i n e s s o p e r a t i o n s , o r g a n i z a t io n , p o l i c i e s , p r o c e d u r e s , f i l e s ,
C la ss A
w o r k flo w , e t c .
U s e s t h is k n o w le d g e in p e r f o r m i n g s t e n o g r a p h ic d u t ie s a n d r e s p o n s i b l e c l e r i c a l
t a s k s s u c h a s , m a in t a in in g f o llo w u p f i l e s ; a s s e m b l i n g m a t e r i a l f o r r e p o r t s , m e m o r a n d u m s , l e t t e r s ,
a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , int c . ; c o m p o s in g s i m p le l e t t e r s f r o m g e n e r a l i n s t r u c t i o n s ; r e a d i n g a n d r o u t in g in c o m in g m a i l ; a n d
e
a l l , o v e r 100 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
a n s w e r in g r o u t in e q u e s t i o n s , e t c .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e t r a n s c r i b i n g - m a c h i n e w o r k .

' b . S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y to th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w
s e g m e n t o r s u b s i d i a r y o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s ,

th e c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o f a m a j o r
in a l l , o v e r 2 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

C la ss B
a ll,

a.
S e c r e t a r y to th e c h a i r m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in
f e w e r th a n 100 p e r s o n s ; o r

b.
S e c r e t a r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r ( o t h e r th a n th e c h a ir m a n o f th e b o a r d o r p r e s i d e n t )
o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 1 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 5 , 0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
c.
S e c r e t a r y t o th e h e a d ( i m m e d i a t e l y b e lo w th e o f f i c e r le v e l ) o v e r e i t h e r a m a j o r
c o r p o r a t e - w id e f u n c t io n a l a c t i v i t y ( e . g . , m a r k e t i n g , r e s e a r c h , o p e r a t i o n s , i n d u s t r i a l r e l a t i o n s , e t c .) o r ~ a m a j o r g e o g r a p h i c o r o r g a n i z a t i o n a l s e g m e n t ( e . g . , a r e g i o n a l h e a d q u a r t e r s ;
a m a j o r d iv i s i o n ) o f a c o m p a n y th a t e m p l o y s , in a l l , o v e r 5 , 0 0 0 b u t f e w e r th a n 2 5 , 0 0 0
e m p lo y e e s; o r




S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f i c e c a l l s . P e r f o r m s f u l l te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o r h a n d le s
c o m p le x c a l l s , s u c h a s c o n f e r e n c e , c o l l e c t , o v e r s e a s , o r s i m i l a r c a l l s , e i t h e r in a d d it io n to
d o in g r o u t in e w o r k a s d e s c r i b e d f o r s w i t c h b o a r d o p e r a t o r , c l a s s B , o r a s a f u l l - t i m e
a s s i g n m e n t . ( " F u l l " te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e o c c u r s w h e n th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t h a s v a r i e d
f u n c t io n s th a t a r e n o t r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r te le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , e . g . , b e c a u s e
o f o v e r l a p p i n g o r i n t e r r e l a t e d f u n c t io n s , a n d c o n s e q u e n t l y p r e s e n t fr e q u e n t p r o b l e m s a s to
w h ic h e x t e n s io n s a r e a p p r o p r i a t e f o r c a l l s . )
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s a s i n g l e - o r m u lt ip l e - p o s it i o n te le p h o n e s w i t c h b o a r d h a n d lin g in c o m in g ,
o u t g o in g , in t r a p l a n t o r o f f ic e c a l l s . M a y h a n d le r o u t in e lo n g d i s t a n c e c a l l s a n d r e c o r d t o l l s .
M a y p e r f o r m l i m i t e d t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e . ( " L i m i t e d " t e le p h o n e in f o r m a t io n s e r v i c e
o c c u r s i f th e f u n c t io n s o f th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e r v i c e d a r e r e a d i l y u n d e r s t a n d a b le f o r t e le p h o n e
i n f o r m a t io n p u r p o s e s , o r i f th e r e q u e s t s a r e r o u t in e , e . g . , g iv in g e x t e n s io n n u m b e r s w h en
s p e c i f i c n a m e s a r e f u r n i s h e d , o r i f c o m p le x c a l l s a r e r e f e r r e d to a n o th e r o p e r a t o r .)

15
S W IT C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R - R E C E P T I O N I S T

T A B U L A T I N G - M A C H I N E O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

In a d d it io n to p e r f o r m i n g d u t ie s o f o p e r a t o r on a s i n g l e - p o s i t i o n o r m o n i t o r - t y p e s w i t c h ­
b o a r d , a c t s a s r e c e p t i o n i s t a n d m a y a l s o ty p e o r p e r f o r m r o u t in e c l e r i c a l w o r k a s p a r t o f r e g u l a r
d u tie s.
T h is ty p in g o r c l e r i c a l w o r k m a y ta k e th e m a j o r p a r t o f t h is w o r k e r 's t i m e w h ile a t
sw itc h b o a rd .

C l a s s C . O p e r a t e s s i m p le t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c in g p u n ch , c o l l a t o r , e t c ., w ith s p e c i f i c i n s t r u c t i o n s .
M a y in c lu d e s i m p le
w ir in g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d s o m e f il in g w o r k . T h e w o r k t y p i c a l l y in v o l v e s p o r t io n s o f a w o r k
u n it, f o r e x a m p le , in d iv id u a l s o r t i n g o r c o ll a t in g r u n s o r r e p e t it i v e o p e r a t io n s .
T R A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R ,

G EN ERAL

T A B U L A T IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
C l a s s A . O p e r a t e s a v a r i e t y o f t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h i n e s , t y p i c a l l y
in c lu d in g su c h m a c h in e s a s th e t a b u l a t o r , c a l c u l a t o r , i n t e r p r e t e r , c o l l a t o r , a n d o t h e r s .
P e r f o r m s c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s w ith o u t c l o s e s u p e r v i s i o n , a n d p e r f o r m s d if f i c u l t
w ir i n g a s r e q u i r e d .
T h e c o m p le t e r e p o r t i n g a n d t a b u la t in g a s s i g n m e n t s t y p ic a ll y in v o lv e a
v a r i e t y o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s w h ic h o fte n a r e o f i r r e g u l a r o r n o n r e c u r r in g ty p e r e ­
q u ir in g s o m e p la n n in g a n d s e q u e n c in g o f s t e p s to b e ta k e n . A s a m o r e e x p e r i e n c e d o p e r a t o r ,
i s t y p i c a l l y in v o lv e d in t r a i n in g new o p e r a t o r s in m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t i a l l y t r a i n e d
o p e r a t o r s in w ir i n g f r o m d i a g r a m s a n d o p e r a t in g s e q u e n c e s o f lo n g a n d c o m p le x r e p o r t s .
D o e s n o t in c lu d e w o r k in g s u p e r v i s o r s p e r f o r m i n g t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t io n s a n d d a y - t o d a y s u p e r v i s i o n o f th e w o r k a n d p r o d u c tio n o f a g r o u p o f t a b u l a t in g - m a c h i n e o p e r a t o r s .
C l a s s B . O p e r a t e s m o r e d if f i c u l t t a b u l a t in g o r e l e c t r i c a l a c c o u n t in g m a c h in e s s u c h a s th e
t a b u l a t o r a n d c a l c u l a t o r , in a d d it io n to th e s o r t e r , r e p r o d u c e r , an d c o l l a t o r .
T h is w o r k is
p e r f o r m e d u n d e r s p e c i f i c in s t r u c t i o n s a n d m a y in c lu d e th e p e r f o r m a n c e of s o m e w ir i n g f r o m
d i a g r a m s . T h e w o r k t y p ic a ll y in v o l v e s , f o r e x a m p le , t a b u l a t io n s in v o lv in g a r e p e t it i v e
a c c o u n t in g e x e r c i s e , a c o m p le te b u t s m a l l t a b u l a t in g s t u d y , o r p a r t s o f a lo n g e r a n d m o r e
c o m p le x r e p o r t . S u c h r e p o r t s a n d s t u d i e s a r e u s u a l l y o f a r e c u r r i n g n a t u r e w h e r e th e p r o ­
c e d u r e s a r e w e ll e s ta b lis h e d .
M a y a l s o in c lu d e th e t r a i n in g o f new e m p l o y e e s in th e b a s i c
o p e r a t io n o f th e m a c h in e .

PROFESSIONAL

P r i m a r y d u ty i s to t r a n s c r i b e d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a n o r m a l r o u t in e v o c a b u la r y f r o m
tr a n s c r ib in g - m a c h in e r e c o r d s .
M a y a l s o ty p e f r o m w r it t e n c o p y a n d d o s i m p l e c l e r i c a l w o r k .
W o r k e r s t r a n s c r i b i n g d ic t a t io n in v o lv in g a v a r i e d t e c h n ic a l o r s p e c i a l i z e d v o c a b u l a r y su c h a s l e g a l
b r i e f s o r r e p o r t s on s c i e n t i f i c r e s e a r c h a r e n o t in c lu d e d . A w o r k e r w ho t a k e s d ic t a t io n in s h o r t ­
h an d o r b y S te n o ty p e o r s i m i l a r m a c h in e i s c l a s s i f i e d a s a s t e n o g r a p h e r , g e n e r a l .
T Y P IS T
U s e s a t y p e w r it e r to m a k e c o p i e s o f v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l o r to m a k e o ut b i l l s a f t e r c a l c u l a ­
t i o n s h a v e b e e n m a d e b y a n o th e r p e r s o n . M a y in c lu d e ty p in g o f s t e n c i l s , m a t s , o r s i m i l a r m a t e ­
r i a l s f o r u s e in d u p lic a t in g p r o c e s s e s . M a y d o c l e r i c a l w o r k in v o lv in g li t t l e s p e c i a l t r a i n i n g , su c h
a s k e e p in g s i m p l e r e c o r d s , f il in g r e c o r d s a n d r e p o r t s , o r s o r t i n g a n d d i s t r i b u t i n g in c o m in g m a i l .
C l a s s A . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : T y p in g m a t e r i a l in f in a l f o r m w h en it
i n v o l v e s c o m b in in g m a t e r i a l f r o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s o r r e s p o n s i b i l i t y f o r c o r r e c t s p e l l i n g ,
s y l l a b i c a t i o n , p u n c t u a tio n , e t c . , o f t e c h n ic a l o r u n u s u a l w o r d s o r f o r e i g n la n g u a g e m a t e r i a l ;
a n d p la n n in g la y o u t a n d ty p in g o f c o m p lic a t e d s t a t i s t i c a l t a b l e s to m a in t a in u n if o r m i t y a n d
b a l a n c e in s p a c in g .
M a y ty p e r o u t in e f o r m l e t t e r s v a r y in g d e t a i l s to s u it c i r c u m s t a n c e s .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : C o p y ty p in g f r o m r o u g h o r c l e a r d r a f t s ;
r o u t in e ty p in g o f f o r m s , i n s u r a n c e p o l i c i e s , e t c .; a n d s e t t in g up s i m p le s t a n d a r d t a b u l a t i o n s ,
o r c o p y in g m o r e c o m p le x t a b l e s a l r e a d y s e tu p a n d s p a c e d p r o p e r l y .

TECHNICAL
D R A F T S M A N — C o n tin u e d

D RA FT SM A N
C l a s s A . P l a n s th e g r a p h i c p r e s e n t a t i o n o f c o m p le x i t e m s h a v in g d is t i n c t i v e d e s ig n
f e a t u r e s th a t d i f f e r s i g n i f i c a n t l y f r o m e s t a b l i s h e d d r a f t i n g p r e c e d e n t s . W o rk s in c l o s e s u p ­
p o r t w ith th e d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r , a n d m a y r e c o m m e n d m in o r d e s ig n c h a n g e s . A n a l y z e s th e
e f f e c t o f e a c h c h a n g e on th e d e t a i l s o f f o r m , fu n c tio n , a n d p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s o f c o m ­
p o n en ts and p a r t s .
W o rk s w ith a m in im u m o f s u p e r v i s o r y a s s i s t a n c e .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s
r e v i e w e d b y d e s i g n o r i g i n a t o r f o r c o n s i s t e n c y w ith p r i o r e n g in e e r in g d e t e r m in a t i o n s .
M ay
e i t h e r p r e p a r e d r a w in g s , o r d i r e c t t h e ir p r e p a r a t i o n b y lo w e r l e v e l d r a f t s m e n .
C l a s s B . P e r f o r m s n o n ro u tin e a n d c o m p le x d r a f t i n g a s s i g n m e n t s th a t r e q u i r e th e a p p l i ­
c a t io n o f m o s t o f th e s t a n d a r d i z e d d r a w in g t e c h n iq u e s r e g u l a r l y u s e d .
D u tie s t y p i c a l l y in ­
v o lv e s u c h w o r k a s :
P r e p a r e s w o r k in g d r a w in g s o f s u b a s s e m b l i e s w ith i r r e g u l a r s h a p e s ,
m u lt ip le fu n c t io n s , an d p r e c i s e p o s it i o n a l r e l a t i o n s h i p s b e t w e e n c o m p o n e n t s ; p r e p a r e s a r c h i ­
t e c t u r a l d r a w in g s f o r c o n s t r u c t io n o f a b u ild in g in c lu d in g d e t a il d r a w in g s o f f o u n d a t io n s , w a ll
s e c t i o n s , f l o o r p l a n s , a n d r o o f . U s e s a c c e p t e d f o r m u l a s a n d m a n u a l s in m a k in g n e c e s s a r y
c o m p u t a t io n s to d e t e r m in e q u a n t i t ie s o f m a t e r i a l s to b e u s e d , lo a d c a p a c i t i e s , s t r e n g t h s ,
s t r e s s e s , etc .
R e c e i v e s i n it i a l i n s t r u c t i o n s , r e q u i r e m e n t s , an d a d v ic e f r o m s u p e r v i s o r .
C o m p le te d w o r k i s c h e c k e d f o r t e c h n ic a l a d e q u a c y .

C l a s s C . P r e p a r e s d e t a il d r a w in g s o f s i n g l e u n it s o r p a r t s f o r e n g in e e r in g , c o n s t r u c t io n ,
m a n u f a c t u r i n g , o r r e p a i r p u r p o s e s . T y p e s o f d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d in c lu d e i s o m e t r i c p r o j e c t i o n s
(d e p ic t in g t h r e e d im e n s io n s in a c c u r a t e s c a l e ) a n d s e c t i o n a l v ie w s to c l a r i f y p o s it i o n in g o f

c o m p o n e n t s an d c o n v e y n e e d e d in f o r m a t io n . C o n s o lid a t e s d e t a i l s f r o m a n u m b e r o f s o u r c e s
a n d a d j u s t s o r t r a n s p o s e s s c a l e a s r e q u i r e d . S u g g e s t e d m e th o d s o f a p p r o a c h , a p p lic a b le
p r e c e d e n t s , a n d a d v ic e on s o u r c e m a t e r i a l s a r e g iv e n w ith in i t i a l a s s i g n m e n t s .
I n s t r u c t io n s
a r e l e s s c o m p le t e w h en a s s i g n m e n t s r e c u r .
W o rk m a y b e s p o t - c h e c k e d d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
D R A FT SM A N -T R A C E R
C o p i e s p l a n s a n d d r a w in g s p r e p a r e d b y o t h e r s b y p l a c in g t r a c i n g c lo th o r p a p e r o v e r
d r a w in g s a n d t r a c i n g w ith p e n o r p e n c i l.
(D o e s no t in c lu d e t r a c i n g li m i t e d to p l a n s p r i m a r i l y
c o n s i s t i n g o f s t r a i g h t l i n e s a n d a l a r g e s c a l e n o t r e q u i r i n g c l o s e d e lin e a tio n .)
a n d /o r
P r e p a r e s s i m p l e o r r e p e t i t i v e d r a w in g s o f e a s i l y v i s u a l i z e d i t e m s .
d u r in g p r o g r e s s .
N U R SE,

W o rk i s c l o s e l y s u p e r v i s e d

IN D U S T R IA L (R E G IS T E R E D )

A r e g i s t e r e d n u r s e w h o g i v e s n u r s i n g s e r v i c e u n d e r g e n e r a l m e d i c a l d i r e c t i o n to i l l o r
in ju r e d e m p l o y e e s o r o th e r p e r s o n s w h o b e c o m e i l l o r s u f f e r a n a c c id e n t o n th e p r e m i s e s o f a
f a c t o r y o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u tie s in v o lv e a c o m b in a t io n o f th e fo llo w in g : G iv in g f i r s t a id
to th e i l l o r in ju r e d ; a tte n d in g to s u b s e q u e n t d r e s s i n g o f e m p l o y e e s * i n j u r i e s ; k e e p in g r e c o r d s
o f p a t i e n t s t r e a t e d ; p r e p a r i n g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s f o r c o m p e n s a t io n o r o th e r p u r p o s e s ; a s s i s t i n g in
p h y s i c a l e x a m i n a t io n s a n d h e a lt h e v a l u a t io n s o f a p p lic a n t s a n d e m p l o y e e s ; a n d p la n n in g a n d c a r r y ­
in g o ut p r o g r a m s in v o lv in g h e a lt h e d u c a t io n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n t io n , e v a l u a t io n o f p la n t e n v ir o n m e n t ,
o r o th e r a c t i v i t i e s a f f e c t i n g th e h e a lt h , w e l f a r e , a n d s a f e t y o f a l l p e r s o n n e l .

MAINTENANCE AND POWERPLANT
CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s th e c a r p e n t r y d u t ie s n e c e s s a r y to c o n s t r u c t a n d m a in t a in in g o o d r e p a i r b u ild in g
w o o d w o rk a n d e q u ip m e n t su c h a s b i n s , c r i b s , c o u n t e r s , b e n c h e s , p a r t i t i o n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a i r s ,
c a s i n g s , a n d t r i m m a d e o f w o o d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g .: P l a n ­
n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , m o d e l s , o r v e r b a l i n s t r u c t i o n s u s in g a
v a r i e t y o f c a r p e n t e r * s h a n d t o o ls , p o r t a b l e p o w e r t o o l s , a n d s t a n d a r d m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ;




CARPENTER,

M A IN T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g to d im e n s io n s o f w o r k ; a n d s e l e c t i n g m a t e r i a l s n e c e s ­
s a r y f o r th e w o r k . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e c a r p e n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d
e x p e rie n c e .

16
E L E C T R IC IA N ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

P e r f o r m s a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c a l t r a d e f u n c tio n s s u c h a s th e i n s t a l l a t i o n , m a in t e n a n c e ,
o r r e p a i r o f e q u ip m e n t f o r th e g e n e r a t io n , d i s t r i b u t i o n , o r u t i l i z a t i o n o f e l e c t r i c e n e r g y in a n
e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n s t a l l i n g o r r e p a i r i n g a n y o f a v a r i e t y o f
e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s f o r m e r s , s w i t c h b o a r d s , c o n t r o l l e r s , c i r c u i t b r e a k ­
e r s , m o t o r s , h e a t in g u n i t s , c o n d u it s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g f r o m
b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w i n g s , l a y o u t s , o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; lo c a t i n g a n d d ia g n o s in g t r o u b le in th e
e l e c t r i c a l s y s t e m o r e q u ip m e n t ; w o r k in g s t a n d a r d c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to lo a d r e q u i r e m e n t s o f
w ir i n g o r e l e c t r i c a l e q u ip m e n t ; a n d u s in g a v a r i e t y o f e l e c t r i c i a n 's h a n d to o ls a n d m e a s u r i n g a n d
t e s t i n g in s t r u m e n t s . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e e l e c t r i c i a n r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n ­
in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g an d
e x p e rie n c e .
E N G IN E E R ,

S T A T IO N A R Y

O p e r a t e s a n d m a in t a in s a n d m a y a l s o s u p e r v i s e th e o p e r a t io n o f s t a t i o n a r y e n g in e s a n d
e q u ip m e n t ( m e c h a n ic a l o r e l e c t r i c a l ) to s u p p ly th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith p o w e r ,
h e a t , r e f r i g e r a t i o n , o r a ir - c o n d it io n i n g .
W o rk in v o l v e s :
O p e r a t i n g a n d m a in t a in i n g e q u ip m e n t
s u c h a s s t e a m e n g in e s , a i r c o m p r e s s o r s , g e n e r a t o r s , m o t o r s , t u r b i n e s , v e n t il a t in g a n d r e f r i g ­
e r a t i n g e q u ip m e n t , s t e a m b o i l e r s a n d b o i l e r - f e d w a t e r p u m p s ; m a k in g e q u ip m e n t r e p a i r s ; a n d
k e e p in g a r e c o r d o f o p e r a t io n o f m a c h i n e r y , t e m p e r a t u r e , a n d f u e l c o n s u m p tio n . M a y a l s o s u ­
p e r v is e th e se o p e r a tio n s .
H e a d o r c h ie f e n g i n e e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s e m p lo y in g m o r e th a n one
e n g in e e r a r e e x c l u d e d .
F IR E M A N ,

S T A T IO N A R Y B O IL E R

F i r e s s t a t i o n a r y b o i l e r s to f u r n i s h th e e s t a b l i s h m e n t in w h ic h e m p lo y e d w ith h e a t , p o w e r ,
o r s t e a m . F e e d s f u e l s to f i r e b y h a n d o r o p e r a t e s a m e c h a n ic a l s t o k e r , o r g a s o r o i l b u r n e r ;
a n d c h e c k s w a t e r a n d s a f e t y v a l v e s . M a y c l e a n , o i l , o r a s s i s t in r e p a i r i n g b o i l e r r o o m e q u ip m e n t .
H ELPER,

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S

A s s i s t s o n e o r m o r e w o r k e r s in th e s k i l l e d m a in t e n a n c e t r a d e s , b y p e r f o r m i n g s p e c i f i c
o r g e n e r a l d u t ie s o f l e s s e r s k i l l , s u c h a s k e e p in g a w o r k e r s u p p li e d w ith m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s ;
c l e a n in g w o r k in g a r e a , m a c h in e , a n d e q u ip m e n t ; a s s i s t i n g jo u r n e y m a n b y h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s o r
t o o l s ; a n d p e r f o r m i n g o th e r u n s k ill e d t a s k s a s d i r e c t e d b y jo u r n e y m a n .
T h e k in d o f w o r k th e
h e l p e r i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m v a r i e s f r o m t r a d e to t r a d e :
In s o m e t r a d e s th e h e l p e r i s c o n ­
fin e d t o s u p p ly in g , l i f t in g , a n d h o ld in g m a t e r i a l s a n d t o o l s a n d c le a n in g w o r k in g a r e a s ; a n d in
o t h e r s h e i s p e r m i t t e d to p e r f o r m s p e c i a l i z e d m a c h in e o p e r a t i o n s , o r p a r t s o f a t r a d e th a t a r e
a ls o p e r fo r m e d b y w o r k e r s on a fu ll- tim e b a s is .
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R ,

TO O LRO O M

S p e c i a l i z e s in th e o p e r a t i o n o f o n e o r m o r e t y p e s o f m a c h in e t o o l s , s u c h a s j i g b o r e r s ,
c y l i n d r i c a l o r s u r f a c e g r i n d e r s , e n g in e l a t h e s , o r m i l l i n g m a c h i n e s , in th e c o n s t r u c t io n of
m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s , o r d i e s . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o ll o w i n g : P l a n ­
n in g a n d p e r f o r m i n g d if f i c u l t m a c h in in g o p e r a t i o n s ; p r o c e s s i n g i t e m s r e q u i r i n g c o m p lic a t e d s e t u p s
o r a h ig h d e g r e e o f a c c u r a c y ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e l e c t i n g f e e d s ,
s p e e d s , t o o l in g , a n d o p e r a t io n s e q u e n c e ; a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s d u r in g o p e r a t io n to
a c h ie v e r e q u i s i t e t o l e r a n c e s o r d i m e n s i o n s . M a y b e r e q u i r e d to r e c o g n i z e w h e n t o o l s n e e d d r e s s ­
in g , to d r e s s t o o l s , a n d to s e l e c t p r o p e r c o o la n t s a n d c u ttin g a n d l u b r i c a t i n g o i l s . F o r c r o s s ­
in d u s t r y w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , m a c h in e - t o o l o p e r a t o r s , t o o l r o o m , in t o o l a n d d ie jo b b in g s h o p s
a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .
M A C H IN IST , M A IN T E N A N C E
P r o d u c e s r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t s a n d new p a r t s in m a k in g r e p a i r s o f m e t a l p a r t s o f m e c h a n ­
i c a l e q u ip m e n t o p e r a t e d in a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : I n t e r p r e t i n g
w r it t e n in s t r u c t i o n s a n d s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; p la n n in g a n d la y i n g o u t o f w o r k ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f m a ­
c h i n i s t 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g in s t r u m e n t s ; s e t t i n g u p a n d o p e r a t in g s t a n d a r d m a c h in e
t o o l s ; s h a p in g o f m e t a l p a r t s t o c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ; m a k i n g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g t o
d im e n s io n s o f w o r k , t o o l in g , f e e d s , a n d s p e e d s o f m a c h in in g ; k n o w le d g e o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s
o f th e c o m m o n m e t a l s ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d a r d m a t e r i a l s , p a r t s , a n d e q u ip m e n t r e q u i r e d f o r h i s w o r k ;
a n d f it t in g a n d a s s e m b l i n g p a r t s in to m e c h a n i c a l e q u ip m e n t . In g e n e r a l , th e m a c h i n i s t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g in m a c h in e - s h o p p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC , A U T O M O T IV E (M A I N T E N A N C E )
R e p a i r s a u t o m o b i l e s , b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , a n d t r a c t o r s o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t . W o rk in ­
v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo llo w in g : E x a m in in g a u t o m o t iv e e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d i s a s s e m b l i n g e q u ip m e n t a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t in v o lv e th e u s e o f s u c h h a n d to o ls a s
w r e n c h e s , g a g e s , d r i l l s , o r s p e c i a l i z e d e q u ip m e n t in d i s a s s e m b l i n g o r f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g
b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s f r o m s t o c k ; g r in d in g a n d a d ju s t i n g v a l v e s ; r e a s s e m b l i n g a n d i n s t a l l i n g




M E C H A N IC ,

A U T O M O T IV E

( M A I N T E N A N C E ) ---- C o n t i n u e d

th e v a r i o u s a s s e m b l i e s in th e v e h i c le a n d m a k in g n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s ; a n d a lin in g w h e e ls ,
a d ju s t i n g b r a k e s a n d l i g h t s , o r tig h te n in g b o d y b o l t s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e a u t o m o tiv e
m e c h a n ic r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n ­
t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
M E C H A N IC ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

R e p a i r s m a c h in e r y o r m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t
o f th e f o llo w in g : E x a m in in g m a c h in e s a n d m e c h a n ic a l e q u ip m e n t to d ia g n o s e s o u r c e o f t r o u b le ;
d is m a n t l in g o r p a r t l y d is m a n t l in g m a c h in e s a n d p e r f o r m i n g r e p a i r s t h a t m a in ly in v o lv e th e u s e
o f h a n d t o o ls in s c r a p i n g an d f it t in g p a r t s ; r e p l a c i n g b r o k e n o r d e f e c t i v e p a r t s w ith it e m s o b ta in e d
f r o m s t o c k ; o r d e r i n g th e p r o d u c t io n o f a r e p l a c e m e n t p a r t b y a m a c h in e sh o p o r s e n d in g o f th e
m a c h in e to a m a c h in e sh o p f o r m a j o r r e p a i r s ; p r e p a r i n g w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s f o r m a jo r r e p a i r s
o r f o r th e p r o d u c t io n o f p a r t s o r d e r e d f r o m m a c h in e sh o p ; r e a s s e m b l i n g m a c h in e s ; a n d m a k in g
a l l n e c e s s a r y a d ju s t m e n t s f o r o p e r a t io n .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f a m a in te n a n c e m e c h a n ic r e ­
q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip o r
e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . E x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n a r e w o r k e r s w h o s e p r i m a r y
d u t ie s in v o lv e s e t t in g up o r a d ju s t i n g m a c h in e s .
M IL L W R IG H T
I n s t a l l s new m a c h in e s o r h e a v y e q u ip m e n t , a n d d i s m a n t l e s a n d i n s t a l l s m a c h in e s o r
h e a v y e q u ip m e n t w h e n c h a n g e s in th e p la n t la y o u t a r e r e q u i r e d . W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t of th e f o l ­
lo w in g : P la n n in g a n d la y i n g o ut o f th e w o r k ; i n t e r p r e t in g b lu e p r in t s o r o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; u s in g
a v a r i e t y o f h a n d to o ls a n d r i g g i n g ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d sh o p c o m p u t a t io n s r e l a t i n g to s t r e s s e s ,
s t r e n g t h o f m a t e r i a l s , a n d c e n t e r s o f g r a v i t y ; a li n in g a n d b a l a n c in g o f e q u ip m e n t ; s e l e c t i n g s t a n d ­
a r d t o o l s , e q u ip m e n t , a n d p a r t s to b e u s e d ; a n d in s t a l l i n g a n d m a in ta in in g in g o o d o r d e r p o w e r
t r a n s m i s s i o n e q u ip m e n t s u c h a s d r i v e s a n d s p e e d r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l , th e m i l l w r i g h t 's w o r k
n o r m a l l y r e q u i r e s a r o u n d e d t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e in th e t r a d e a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l
a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
O IL E R
L u b r i c a t e s , w ith o i l o r g r e a s e ,
e q u ip m e n t o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
P A IN T E R ,

th e

m o v in g p a r t s

o r w e a r in g s u r f a c e s

o f m e c h a n ic a l

M A IN T E N A N C E

P a in ts an d r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w o o d w o rk , an d f ix t u r e s of an e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in ­
v o lv e s th e f o ll o w i n g : K n o w le d g e o f s u r f a c e p e c u l i a r i t i e s a n d t y p e s o f p a in t r e q u i r e d f o r d if f e r e n t
a p p l i c a t i o n s ; p r e p a r i n g s u r f a c e f o r p a in tin g b y r e m o v in g o ld f in i s h o r b y p l a c in g p u tty o r f i l l e r
in n a il h o le s a n d i n t e r s t i c e s ; a n d a p p ly in g p a in t w ith s p r a y gu n o r b r u s h . M a y m i x c o l o r s , o i l s ,
w h ite l e a d , a n d o th e r p a in t in g r e d i e n t s to o b ta in p r o p e r c o l o r o r c o n s i s t e n c y .
In g e n e r a l , th e
w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p a i n t e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h
a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
P IP E F IT T E R ,

M A IN T E N A N C E

I n s t a l l s o r r e p a i r s w a t e r , s t e a m , g a s , o r o th e r t y p e s o f p ip e a n d p i p e f it t in g s in a n
e s ta b lish m e n t.
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g :
L a y i n g o u t o f w o r k a n d m e a s u r i n g to l o ­
c a t e p o s it i o n o f p ip e f r o m d r a w in g s o r o th e r w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ; c u ttin g v a r i o u s s i z e s o f p ip e
to c o r r e c t le n g t h s w ith c h i s e l a n d h a m m e r o r o x y a c e t y l e n e t o r c h o r p ip e - c u t t in g m a c h in e ; t h r e a d ­
in g p ip e w ith s t o c k s a n d d i e s ; b e n d in g p ip e b y h a n d - d r iv e n o r p o w e r - d r iv e n m a c h in e s ; a s s e m b l i n g
p ip e w ith c o u p lin g s a n d f a s t e n i n g p ip e to h a n g e r s ; m a k in g s t a n d a r d s h o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e l a t i n g
to p r e s s u r e s , flo w , a n d s i z e o f p ip e r e q u i r e d ; a n d m a k in g s t a n d a r d t e s t s to d e t e r m in e w h e th e r
f in is h e d p i p e s m e e t s p e c i f i c a t i o n s .
In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p i p e f i t t e r r e q u i r e s
r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d t h r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e . W o r k e r s p r i m a r i l y e n g a g e d in i n s t a l l i n g a n d r e p a i r i n g b u ild in g s a n i t a ­
t i o n o r h e a t in g s y s t e m s a r e e x c l u d e d .
PLUM BER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

K e e p s th e p lu m b in g s y s t e m o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t in g o o d o r d e r . W o rk in v o l v e s : K n o w le d g e
o f s a n i t a r y c o d e s r e g a r d i n g i n s t a l l a t i o n o f v e n t s a n d t r a p s in p lu m b in g s y s t e m ; in s t a l l i n g o r r e ­
p a i r i n g p i p e s a n d f i x t u r e s ; a n d o p e n in g c l o g g e d d r a i n s w ith a p lu n g e r o r p l u m b e r 's s n a k e . In
g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in t e n a n c e p l u m b e r r e q u i r e s r o u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y
a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A IN T E N A N C E

F a b r i c a t e s , i n s t a l l s , a n d m a in t a in s in g o o d r e p a i r th e s h e e t - m e t a l e q u ip m e n t a n d f i x ­
t u r e s ( s u c h a s m a c h in e g u a r d s , g r e a s e p a n s , s h e l v e s , l o c k e r s , t a n k s , v e n t i l a t o r s , c h u t e s , d u c t s ,
m e t a l r o o f in g ) o f a n e s t a b l i s h m e n t .
W o rk i n v o l v e s m o s t o f th e fo ll o w i n g : P la n n in g a n d la y in g
o u t a l l t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l m a in t e n a n c e w o r k f r o m b l u e p r i n t s , m o d e l s , o x o th e r s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;
s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g a l l a v a i l a b l e t y p e s o f s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k in g m a c h i n e s ; u s in g a v a r i e t y o f

17
S H E E T -M E T A L W O RKER,

M A I N T E N A N C E — C o n tin u e d

T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R --- C o n tin u e d

h a n d to o ls in c u ttin g , b e n d in g , f o r m i n g , s h a p i n g , f it t in g , a n d a s s e m b l i n g ; a n d in s t a l lin g s h e e t m e t a l a r t i c l e s a s r e q u i r e d . In g e n e r a l , th e w o r k o f th e m a in te n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r r e q u i r e s
ro u n d e d t r a i n i n g a n d e x p e r i e n c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t i c e s h i p o r e q u iv a le n t
t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
T O O L A N D D IE M A K E R
(D ie m a k e r ; j i g m a k e r ; to o l m a k e r ; f i x t u r e m a k e r ; g a g e m a k e r )
C o n s t r u c t s a n d r e p a i r s m a c h in e - s h o p t o o l s , g a g e s , j i g s , f i x t u r e s o r d i e s f o r f o r g i n g s ,
p u n c h in g , a n d o th e r m e t a l - f o r m i n g w o r k .
W o rk in v o l v e s m o s t o f th e f o llo w in g : P la n n in g an d
la y in g o u t o f w o r k f r o m m o d e l s , b l u e p r i n t s , d r a w in g s , o r o th e r o r a l a n d w r it t e n s p e c i f i c a t i o n s ;

u s in g a v a r i e t y of to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's h a n d to o ls a n d p r e c i s i o n m e a s u r i n g i n s t r u m e n t s ; u n d e r ­
s t a n d in g o f th e w o r k in g p r o p e r t i e s of c o m m o n m e t a l s a n d a l l o y s ; s e t t in g u p a n d o p e r a t in g of
m a c h in e t o o l s a n d r e l a t e d e q u ip m e n t ; m a k in g n e c e s s a r y sh o p c o m p u ta tio n s r e la t in g to d im e n s io n s
o f w o r k , s p e e d s , f e e d s , an d to o lin g o f m a c h in e s ; h e a t - t r e a t i n g o f m e t a l p a r t s d u r in g f a b r i c a t i o n
a s w e ll a s o f f in is h e d t o o l s a n d d i e s to a c h ie v e r e q u i r e d q u a l i t i e s ; w o r k in g to c l o s e t o l e r a n c e s ;
f it tin g a n d a s s e m b l i n g o f p a r t s to p r e s c r i b e d t o l e r a n c e s a n d a ll o w a n c e s ; a n d s e l e c t i n g a p p r o p r i a t e
m a t e r i a l s , t o o l s , a n d p r o c e s s e s . In g e n e r a l , th e to o l a n d d ie m a k e r 's w o r k r e q u i r e s a ro u n d e d
t r a i n in g in m a c h in e - s h o p a n d t o o l r o o m p r a c t i c e u s u a l l y a c q u i r e d th r o u g h a f o r m a l a p p r e n t ic e s h ip
o r e q u iv a le n t t r a i n in g a n d e x p e r i e n c e .
F o r c r o s s - in d u s t r y w age stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
s h o p s a r e e x c lu d e d f r o m t h is c l a s s i f i c a t i o n .

to o l a n d

d ie m a k e r s in to o l an d d ie jo b b in g

CUSTODIAL A UM ATERIAL MOVEMENT
M
S H I P P I N G A N D R E C E I V IN G C L E R K

G U A RD AN D W ATCHM AN
G u a r d . P e r f o r m s r o u t in e p o l i c e d u t i e s , e i t h e r a t f ix e d p o s t o r on t o u r , m a in t a in in g
o r d e r , u s in g a r m s o r f o r c e w h e r e n e c e s s a r y .
I n c lu d e s g a t e m e n w h o a r e s t a t io n e d a t g a t e
a n d c h e c k on id e n t it y o f e m p l o y e e s a n d o th e r p e r s o n s e n t e r in g .
W a tc h m a n . M a k e s r o u n d s o f p r e m i s e s
th e ft, a n d i l l e g a l e n tr y .
JA N IT O R ,

PO RTER,

p e r i o d i c a l l y in p r o t e c t in g p r o p e r t y a g a i n s t f i r e ,

OR C LEA N ER

P r e p a r e s m e r c h a n d is e f o r s h ip m e n t , o r r e c e i v e s a n d i s r e s p o n s i b l e fo r in c o m in g s h i p ­
m e n t s o f m e r c h a n d i s e o r o th e r m a t e r i a l s .
S h ip p in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : A k n o w le d g e o f s h ip p in g
p r o c e d u r e s , p r a c t i c e s , r o u t e s , a v a ila b le m e a n s o f t r a n s p o r t a t io n , and r a te ; and p r e p a r in g r e c ­
o r d s o f th e g o o d s s h ip p e d , m a k in g u p b i l l s o f la d i n g , p o s t in g w e ig h t a n d sh ip p in g c h a r g e s , an d
k e e p in g a f i l e o f sh ip p in g r e c o r d s . M a y d i r e c t o r a s s i s t in p r e p a r i n g th e m e r c h a n d is e fo r s h i p ­
m e n t.
R e c e iv in g w o r k i n v o l v e s : V e r if y i n g o r d ir e c t i n g o t h e r s in v e r i f y in g th e c o r r e c t n e s s of
s h i p m e n t s a g a i n s t b i l l s o f l a d i n g , in v o i c e s , o r o th e r r e c o r d s ; c h e c k in g fo r s h o r t a g e s a n d r e je c t i n g
d a m a g e d g o o d s ; r o u t in g m e r c h a n d is e o r m a t e r i a l s to p r o p e r d e p a r t m e n t s ; a n d m a in ta in in g n e c e s ­
s a r y r e c o r d s an d f il e s .

(S w ee p e r; ch arw o m an ; ja n itr e s s )
F o r w a ge stu d y p u r p o s e s ,
C l e a n s a n d k e e p s in a n o r d e r l y c o n d itio n f a c t o r y w o r k in g a r e a s a n d w a s h r o o m s , o r
p r e m i s e s o f a n o f f i c e , a p a r t m e n t h o u s e , o r c o m m e r c i a l o r o th e r e s t a b l i s h m e n t . D u t i e s in v o lv e
a c o m b in a t io n o f th e f o ll o w i n g ; S w e e p in g , m o p p in g o r s c r u b b in g , a n d p o l is h i n g f l o o r s ; r e m o v in g
c h i p s , t r a s h , a n d o th e r r e f u s e ; d u s tin g e q u ip m e n t , f u r n it u r e , o r f i x t u r e s ; p o l is h i n g m e t a l f i x t u r e s
o r t r i m m i n g s ; p r o v id in g s u p p l i e s a n d m in o r m a in te n a n c e s e r v i c e s ; a n d c le a n in g l a v a t o r i e s , s h o w ­
e r s , a n d r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s w ho s p e c i a l i z e in w in d o w w a s h in g a r e e x c l u d e d .
LABORER,

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t , s t o r e , o r o th e r e s t a b li s h m e n t
w h o s e d u t ie s in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e fo llo w in g : L o a d in g a n d u n lo a d in g v a r i o u s m a t e r i a l s a n d
m e r c h a n d i s e o n o r f r o m f r e i g h t c a r s , t r u c k s , o r o th e r t r a n s p o r t i n g d e v i c e s ; u n p a c k in g , s h e lv in g ,
o r p l a c in g m a t e r i a l s o r m e r c h a n d i s e in p r o p e r s t o r a g e l o c a t i o n ; a n d t r a n s p o r t i n g m a t e r i a l s o r
m e r c h a n d i s e b y h a n d tr u c k , c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w . L o n g s h o r e m e n , w h o lo a d a n d u n lo a d s h i p s a r e
e x c lu d e d .

R e c e iv in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g c l e r k
S h ip p in g a n d r e c e i v i n g c l e r k

D r i v e s a t r u c k w ith in a c it y o r i n d u s t r i a l a r e a to t r a n s p o r t m a t e r i a l s , m e r c h a n d i s e ,
e q u ip m e n t , o r m e n b e t w e e n v a r i o u s t y p e s o f e s t a b l i s h m e n t s s u c h a s : M a n u fa c tu r in g p l a n t s , f r e i g h t
d e p o t s , w a r e h o u s e s , w h o l e s a le a n d r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s , o r b e tw e e n r e t a i l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s an d
c u s t o m e r s * h o u s e s o r p l a c e s o f b u s i n e s s . M a y a l s o lo a d o r u n lo a d t r u c k w ith o r w ith o u t h e l p e r s ,
m a k e m in o r m e c h a n ic a l r e p a i r s , a n d k e e p t r u c k in g o o d w o r k in g o r d e r .
D r iv e r - s a le s m e n and
o v e r - th e -r o a d d r iv e r s a r e e x c lu d e d .
F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , t r u c k d r i v e r s a r e c l a s s i f i e d b y s i z e a n d ty p e o f e q u ip m e n t ,
a s f o ll o w s :
( T r a c t o r - t r a i l e r sh o u ld b e r a t e d on th e b a s i s o f t r a i l e r c a p a c it y .)

F IL L E R

(O rd e r p ic k e r; sto c k s e le c to r ; w a re h o u se

sto ck m an )

F i l l s sh ip p in g o r t r a n s f e r o r d e r s f o r f in is h e d g o o d s f r o m s t o r e d m e r c h a n d i s e in a c c o r d ­
a n c e w ith s p e c i f i c a t i o n s on s a l e s s l i p s , c u s t o m e r s * o r d e r s , o r o th e r i n s t r u c t i o n s . M a y , in a d d it io n
to f il li n g o r d e r s a n d in d ic a t in g i t e m s f i l l e d o r o m i t t e d , k e e p r e c o r d s o f o u tg o in g o r d e r s , r e q u i ­
s i t i o n a d d it io n a l s t o c k o r r e p o r t s h o r t s u p p l i e s to s u p e r v i s o r , a n d p e r f o r m o th e r r e l a t e d d u t ie s .

T r u c k d r i v e r (c o m b in a t io n o f s i z e s l i s t e d s e p a r a t e l y )
T r u c k d r i v e r , lig h t (u n d e r lV 2 to n s)
T r u c k d r i v e r , m e d iu m ( 1 V2 to an d in c lu d in g 4 to n s )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , t r a i l e r ty p e )
T r u c k d r i v e r , h e a v y ( o v e r 4 t o n s , o th e r th a n t r a i l e r ty p e )

TRU CKER,
PACKER,

c l a s s i f i e d a s fo llo w s :

T R U C K D R IV E R

( L o a d e r a n d u n lo a d e r ; h a n d le r a n d s t a c k e r ; s h e l v e r ; t r u c k e r ; s t o c k m a n o r s t o c k h e l p e r ; w a r e ­
h o u s e m a n o r w a r e h o u s e h e lp e r )

ORDER,

w o rk ers a re

PO W ER

S H IP P IN G

P r e p a r e s fin is h e d p r o d u c t s f o r s h ip m e n t o r s t o r a g e b y p l a c in g th e m in sh ip p in g c o n ­
t a i n e r s , th e s p e c i f i c o p e r a t io n s p e r f o r m e d b e in g d e p e n d e n t u p o n th e t y p e , s i z e , a n d n u m b e r o f
u n its to b e p a c k e d , th e ty p e o f c o n t a i n e r e m p lo y e d , a n d m e th o d o f s h ip m e n t. W o rk r e q u i r e s th e
p l a c in g o f i t e m s in sh ip p in g c o n t a i n e r s a n d m a y in v o lv e o n e o r m o r e o f th e f o llo w in g : K n o w l­
e d g e o f v a r i o u s i t e m s o f s t o c k in o r d e r to v e r i f y c o n te n t; s e l e c t i o n o f a p p r o p r i a t e ty p e a n d s i z e
o f c o n t a i n e r ; i n s e r t i n g e n c l o s u r e s in c o n t a i n e r ; u s in g e x c e l s i o r o r o th e r m a t e r i a l to p r e v e n t
b r e a k a g e o r d a m a g e ; c l o s i n g a n d s e a l i n g c o n t a i n e r ; a n d a p p ly in g l a b e l s o r e n t e r in g id e n tify in g
d a t a o n c o n t a i n e r . P a c k e r s w h o a l s o m a k e w o o d e n b o x e s o r c r a t e s a r e e x c lu d e d .




O p e ra te s a
tr a n s p o r t g o o d s and
e s ta b lish m e n t.

m a n u a lly c o n t r o l le d g a s o l i n e - o r e l e c t r i c - p o w e r e d t r u c k o r t r a c t o r to
m a t e r i a l s o f a l l k in d s a b o u t a w a r e h o u s e , m a n u f a c t u r i n g p la n t, o r o th e r

F o r w a g e s t u d y p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a ;re c l a s s i f i e d b y ty p e o f t r u c k , a s fo ll o w s :
T ru ck er,
T ru ck er,

p o w e r ( f o r k lif t )
p o w e r ( o th e r th a n f o r k l if t )







A v aila b le O n R e q u e s t
T h e te n th a n n u a l r e p o r t on s a l a r i e s f o r a c c o u n t a n t s , a u d i t o r s , a t ­
to r n e y s , c h e m is t s , e n g in e e r s, en gin ee rin g te c h n ic ia n s, d r a fts m e n ,
t r a c e r s , j o b a n a l y s t s , d i r e c t o r s of p e r s o n n e l , b u y e r s , an d c l e r i c a l
e m p lo y e e s.
O r d e r a s B L S B u l l e t i n 16 5 4 , N a t i o n a l S u r v e y of P r o f e s s i o n a l , A d ­
m i n i s t r a t i v e , T e c h n i c a l , an d C l e r i c a l P a y , J u n e 1 9 6 9 . S e v e n t y - f i v e
cen ts a copy.




Area Wage Surveys
A l i s t of the l a t e s t a v a i la b le b u l le t in s i s p r e s e n t e d b e lo w . A d i r e c t o r y of a r e a w a g e s t u d i e s inc lu d in g m o r e l i m i t e d s t u d i e s c o n d u cte d at the
r e q u e s t of the W age and Hour and P u b l i c C o n t r a c t s D i v i s i o n s of the D e p a r t m e n t of L abor i s a v a i la b le on r e q u e s t . B u l l e t i n s m a y be p u r c h a s e d f r o m
the S u p e r in te n d e n t of D o c u m e n t s , U.S. G o v e r n m e n t P r i n t i n g O f f ic e , W a sh in g to n , D . C . , 204 0 2 , or f r o m any of the BLS r e g i o n a l s a l e s o f f i c e s sh ow n on
the i n s i d e f r o n t c o v e r .
Area
A k ron , Ohio, J u ly 1969 1----------------------- --------------------------Albany— c h e n e c t a d y —T roy, N . Y . , M ar. 1969 1_________
S
A lb u q u er q u e, N. M ex. , A p r. 1969___________ -_________
A llen to w n — e t h l e h e m — a s t o n , P a . — . J ., M ay 1969-----B
E
N
A tla n ta , G a ., M ay 1 9 6 9 ---------------------------------------------------B a l t i m o r e , M d . , Aug. 1969_____________________________
B e a u m o n t — o r t Arthur—O r a n g e , T e x . , M ay 1969 1____
P
B in g h a m to n , N . Y . , J u ly 1969------------------------------------------B i r m i n g h a m , A l a . , A p r. 1969 1--------------------------------------B o i s e C ity, Idaho, N ov. 1969____________________________
B o s t o n , M a s s . , Aug. 1969----------------------------------------------B u ffa lo , N . Y . , Oct. 1969-------------------------------------------------B u r lin g t o n , V t ., M a r. 1969 1 ____________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 1 9 6 9 _________________________________
C h a r l e s t o n , W. V a ., A p r. 1 9 6 9 _________________________
C h a r lo t t e , N . C . , M ar. 1969--------------------------------------------Ch attanooga, T e n n . - G a . , Sept. 1969 ------------------------------C h ic a g o , 111., A p r. 1969 1 _______________________________
C in c in n ati, O hio— y.— d ., M ar. 1969 1 ________________
K
In
C le v e la n d , O hio, Sept. 1969-------------------------------------------C o lu m b u s , O hio, O ct. 1969 _____________________________
D a l l a s , T e x . , Oct. 1969-------------------------------------------------D a v e n p o rt— o c k Is la n d — o li n e , Iowa—
R
M
111.,
Oct. 1969 1_______________________________________________
Dayton, O hio, D e c . 1969_________________________________
D e n v e r , C o l o . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 _______________________________
D e s M o in e s , Iow a, M a r. 1969___________________________
D e t r o i t , M ic h ., Jan. 1969 1 _____________________________
F o r t W orth, T e x . , O ct. 1969____________________________
G r e e n B a y , W i s . , J u ly 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
G r e e n v i l l e , S . C . , M ay 1969 1____________________________
H ou ston , T e x . , M ay 1969 1---------------------------------------------In d ia n a p o lis, Ind., O ct. 1969------------------------------------------J a c k s o n , M i s s . , F e b . 1969 1—___________________________
J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . , D e c . 1 9 6 9 ___________________________
K a n s a s City, M o . - K a n s . , Sept. 1969___________________
L a w r e n c e — a v e r h i l l, M a s s . — .H ., June 1 9 6 9 _________
H
N
L it t le R oc k — o r th L i t t le R oc k , A r k ., J u l y 1969----------N
L o s A n g e l e s —Long B e a c h and A n a h e im —
Santa A n a G a rd en G r o v e , C a l i f ., M a r. 1969 1 ___________________
L o u i s v i l l e , Ky.—
Ind., Nov. 1969 1________________________
Lubbock, T e x ., M a r. 1 9 6 9 - _____________________________
M a n c h e s t e r , N .H ., J u l y 19 6 9 ____________ —______________
M e m p h i s , Tenn.— r k . , N ov. 1969 1_____________________
A
M ia m i , F l a . , N ov. 1969____- _____________________________
M id la nd and O d e s s a , T e x . , M a r. 1969__________________
M il w a u k e e , W i s . , A p r. 1969_____________________________
M in n e a p o l is —
St. P a u l , M in n ., Jan. 1969________________
1

B u l l e t i n n u m ber
and p r i c e
1625-89,
1625-56,
1625-67,
1625-86,
1625-77,
1660-11,
1625-75,
1660-5,
1625-65,
1660-34,
1660-16,
1660-29,
1625-54,
1625-73,
1625-71,
1625-61,
1660-9,
1625-82,
1625-63,
1660-22,
1660-27,
1660-23,

35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35c e n ts
25c e n t s
45 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
65 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1660-20,
1660-37,
1625-39,
1625-62,
1625-58,
1660-18,
1660-8,
1625-70,
1625-83,
1660-25,
1625-45,
1660-35,
1660-10,
1625-79,
1660-2,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
45 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-78,
1660-38,
1625-53,
1660-3,
1660-31,
1660-32,
1625-49,
1625-66,
1625-47,

50 c e n t s
40 c e n ts
30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
25 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

D a ta on estab lish m e n t p r a c tic e s and su p p le m e n tary w a ge provision s are a lso p resen ted.




A rea
M u s k e g o n — u s k e g o n H e i g h t s , M ic h ., M ay 1 9 6 9 _______
M
N e w a r k and J e r s e y C ity, N . J ., Jan. 1969______________
N ew H aven , Conn., Jan. 1969 ___________________________
N ew O r l e a n s , L a ., F e b . 1969 1 _________________________
N e w Y ork, N . Y . , A p r. 1969_____________________________
N o r f o l k — o r t s m o u t h and N e w p o r t N e w s —
P
H am pton, V a ., June 1968______________________________
O k la h o m a C ity, O k la ., J u l y 1969 1______________________
O m ah a, N e b r .—
Iowa, Sept. 1969------------------------------------P a t e r s o n — lifton— a s s a i c , N . J ., M ay 1969 ____________
C
P
P h i l a d e l p h i a , P a . — . J ., Nov. 1968______________________
N
P h o e n i x , A r i z . , M ar. 1969______________________________
P i t t s b u r g h , P a . , Jan. 1969______________________________
P o r t l a n d , M a in e , Nov. 1969 1___________________________
P o r t l a n d , O r e g .— a s h ., M ay 1969______________________
W
P r o v i d e n c e — a w t u c k e t — a r w ick , R.I.— a s s .,
P
W
M
M ay 1969 1 ----------------------------------------------------------------------R a le ig h , N .C ., Aug. 1969------------------------------------------------R ic h m o n d , V a ., M ar. 1969______________________________
R o c h e s t e r , N .Y . ( o f f i c e o c c u p a t io n s only),
J u ly 1969------------------------------------------------------------------------R o c k f o r d , 111., M ay 1969 ________________________________
St. L o u i s , Mo.—111., M ar. 1969 1________________________
S a lt Lake C ity, Utah, N ov. 1969 1__________ ___ ________
San A n ton io, T e x ., June 1969 1 _________________________
San B e r n a r d in o — i v e r s i d e — n t a r io , C a lif .,
R
O
Oct. 1 9 6 8 1 ______________________________________________
San D ie g o , C a l i f ., Nov. 1 9 6 8 ____________________________
San F r a n c i s c o — akland, C a l i f ., Oct. 1969 1____________
O
San J o s e , C a l i f ., Sept. 1969 1___________________________
S avan nah , G a ., M ay 1969________________________________
S c r a n t o n , P a . , J u l y 1969--------------------------------------- --------S e a t t l e — v e r e t t , W a s h ., Nov. 1 9 6 8 1 -----------------------------E
S io u x F a l l s , S. D ak ., Sept. 1969___________ -___________
South B en d , Ind., M ar. 1969_______________ -____________
S p okan e, W a s h ., June 1 9 6 9 _____________________________
S y r a c u s e , N . Y . , J u ly 1969----------------------------------------------Tampa—
St. P e t e r s b u r g , F l a . , Aug. 1969 1______________
T o l e d o , O hio— ic h ., F e b . 1969 1________________________
M
T r e n t o n , N . J ., Sept. 1969_______________________________
U t ic a — o m e , N . Y . , J u l y 1969-----------------------------------------R
W a sh in g to n , D .C .—
Md.— a . , Sept. 1969 1_______________
V
W a t e r b u r y , C onn., M ar. 1969____ _____________ ________
W a t e r l o o , Iowa, N ov. 1968 1____ ___ ____________________
W ic h it a , K a n s . , D e c . 1 9 6 8 ______ __ ______ _______________
W o r c e s t e r , M a s s . , May 1969______ ____________________
Y ork, P a . , F e b . 1969-___________ __ _____________________
Y ou ngstow n— a r r e n , O hio, Nov. 1968_________ ________
W

B u l l e t i n nu m b e r
and p r i c e
1625-80,
1625-46,
1625-38,
1625-51,
1625-88,

30 c e n t s
40 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
60 c e n t s

1575-85,
1660-17,
1660-12,
1625-87,
1625-48,
1625-60,
1625-59,
1660-26,
1625-76,

30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s

1625-74,
1660-6,
1625-69,

35 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
30 c e n ts

1660-4,
1625-72,
1625-64,
1660-30,
1625-85,

30 c e n t s
30 c e n t s
50 c e n t s
35 c e n t s
35 c e n t s

1625-25,
1625-32,
1660-33,
1660-24,
1625-68,
1660-15,
1625-43,
1660-14,
1625-55,
1625-81,
1660-13,
1660-7,
1625-57,
1660-21,
1660-1,
1660-19,
1625-50,
1625-31,
1625-41,
1625-84,
1625-52,
1625-34,

40
30
50
35
30
30
35
25
30
30
30
35
35
30
30
50
30
35
30
30
30
30

cents
ce n t s
cents
cents
ce n t s
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
cents
c e n ts
cents
cents
cents

U.S. D E PA R TM EN T OF LABOR
BUREAU OF LABOR STATISTICS
W A S H IN G TO N , D .C .




20212

OFFICIAL BUSIN
ESS


Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102