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Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-60




Gary— Hammond—
East Chicago, Indiana,
Metropolitan Area, October, 1979

Preface
This bulletin provides results of an October 1979 survey of occu­
pational earnings and supplementary wage benefits in the Gary—
HammondEast Chicago, Indiana, Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea. The survey
was made as part of the Bureau of Labor Statistics' annual area wage survey
program. It was conducted by the Bureau's regional office in Chicago, 111.,
under the general direction of Lois L . Orr, Assistant Regional Commissioner
for Operations.
The survey could not have been accomplished without the
cooperation of the many firm s whose wage and salary data provided the basis
for the statistical information in this bulletin. The Bureau wishes to express
sincere appreciation for the cooperation received.
Material in this publication is in the public domain and may be
reproduced without perm ission of the Federal Government. Please credit
the Bureau of Labor Statistics and cite the name and number of this
publication.

Note:
Available for the city of Hammond are listings of union wage rates
for building trades, printing trades, local-transit operating employees, local
truckdrivers and helpers, and grocery store employees. A lso available for
the city of Gary are listings of union wage rates for seven selected building
trades. Free copies of these are available from the Bureau's regional
offices. (See back cover for addresses.)




Area
Wage
Survey

Gary— Hammond—
East Chicago, Indiana,
Metropolitan Area, October, 1979

u s Department of Labor

Contents

Page

Page

Ray Marshall, Secretary
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner

April 1980
Bulletin 2050-60

For sale by the Superintendent of
Documents. U.S. Government Printing Of­
fice. W ashington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed
Digitizedback FRASER $2.25. Make checks
on for cover. Price
payable to Superintendent
http://fraser.stlouisfed.org/ of Documents.

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

Introduction_______________________________________

2

Tables:
Earnings, all establishments:
A - l . Weekly earnings of office workers_____ 3
A -2. Weekly earnings of professional
and technical workers________________
5
A -3. Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical workers, by s e x ____________ 6
A -4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom, and powerplant
workers________________________________ 7
A -5 . Hourly earnings of material
movement and custodial workers_____ 8
A - 6. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement, and
custodial workers, by s e x ____________ 9
A -7. Percent increases in average
hourly earnings fbr selected
occupational groups____________________ 10
A -8. Average pay relationships
within establishments
for white-collar workers______________ n
A -9. Average pay relationships
within establishments
for blue-collar workers________________ 12

Tables— Continued
Establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions:
B -l. Minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced typists andclerks_________ 13
B -2. Late-shift pay provisions for
full-time manufacturing
production and related workers________ 14
B -3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of
full-time first-shift workers_____________15
B -4, Annual paid holidays for full-time
workers__________________________________ 16
B -5. Paid vacation provisions for
full-time workers______________________ 17
B - 6. Health, insurance, and pension
plans for full-time workers____________ 20
B -7. Life insurance plans for
full-time workers________________________21
Appendix A. Scope and method of survey________ 24
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions___________29

Introduction

This area is 1 of 72 in which the U.S. Department of Labor' s
Bureau of Labor Statistics conducts surveys of occupational earnings and
related benefits.
(See list of areas on inside back cover.) In each area,
earnings data for selected occupations (A -s e r ie s tables) are collected
annually.
Information on establishment practices and supplementary wage
benefits (B -s e r ie s tables) is obtained every third year.

Where possible, data are presented for all industries and for manufacturing
and nonmanufacturing separately.
Data are not presented for skilled m ain­
tenance workers in nonmanufacturing because the number of workers em ­
ployed in this occupational group in nonmanufacturing is too sm all to warrant
separate presentation. This table provides a m easure of wage trends after
elimination of changes in average earnings caused by employment shifts
among establishments as well as turnover of establishments included in
survey samples. For further details, see appendix A.

Each year after all individual area wage surveys have been com ­
pleted, two sum m ary bulletins are issued.
The first brings together data
for each metropolitan area surveyed; the second presents national and r e ­
gional estim ates, projected from individual metropolitan area data, for all
Standard Metropolitan Statistical A reas in the United States, excluding Alaska
and Hawaii.

Tables A - 8 and A - 9 provide for the first time m easures of average
pay relationships within establishments.
These m easures may differ consid­
erably from the pay relationships of overall averages published in tables
A - l through A - 6. See appendix A for details.

A major consideration in the area wage survey program is the need
to describe the level and movement of wages in a variety of labor m arkets,
through the analysis of ( 1) the level and distribution of wages by occupation,
and (2) the movement of wages by occupational category and skill level.
The program develops information that may be used for many purposes,
including wage and salary administration, collective bargaining, and a s ­
sistance in determining plant location. Survey results also are used by the
U.S. Department of Labor to make wage determinations under the Service
Contract A ct of 1965.

B -s e r ie s tables
The B -se r ie s tables present information on minimum entrance
salaries for inexperienced typists and clerk s; late-sh ift pay provisions and
practices for production and related workers in manufacturing; and data
separately for production and related workers and office workers on sched­
uled weekly hours and days of first-sh ift w orkers; paid holidays; paid vaca­
tions; health, insurance, and pension plans; and m ore detailed information
on life insurance plans.

A -s e r ie s tables
Appendixes
Tables A - l through A -6 provide estimates of straight-tim e weekly
or hourly earnings for workers in occupations common to a variety of
manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries.
The occupations are defined
in appendix B. For the 31 largest survey a reas, tables A -1 0 through A -1 5
provide sim ilar data for establishments employing 500 workers or m ore.

Appendix A describes the methods and concepts used in the area
wage survey program. It provides information on the scope of the area
survey, the area's industrial composition in manufacturing, and lab ormanagement agreement coverage.

Table A -7 provides percent changes in average hourly earnings of
office clerical w orkers, electronic data processing w orkers, industrial
nurses, skilled maintenance trades w orkers, and unskilled plant workers.

Appendix B provides job descriptions used by Bureau field rep re­
sentatives to classify workers by occupation.




2

Earnings
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

S EC R ET ARI ES...................................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. . . ............... ...
NONKANUFACTURING............................................

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean ^

Median 2

346
230
116

39.5
4 0 .0
3 8.0

*2 75 .00
3 19.50
1 87.00

*2 57 .00
3 41 .50
181 .00

B....................................

53

3 9 .0

2 96 .00

2 94 .50

SEC R ET AR IE S. CLASS C....................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NON MANUFACTURING.................. .........................

154
106
4B

39.5
40.0
3 7 .5

2 85.50
331 .50
1 84 .00

0 .............................. ..
NONMANURACTURING............................................

45
25

39.0
3 8 .0

S EC R ET ARI ES. CLASS E....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . ............... ..

8*
73

STENOGRAPHERS.............................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

SECRETARIES*

secretaries*

CLASS

class

NUMBER OF WORKERS

Middle range 2

* 1 8 6 .0 0 - *3 54 .53
2 5 4 .5 0 - 3 82.50
1 6 1 .0 0 - 2 04 .00

RFCEIWING

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS 1 OF —

-

11 0

120

130

140

150

160

1 80

200

220

240

2 60

280

300

320

340

36C

380

4 00

4?0

440

120

130

140

150

16 0

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

340

3 60

380

400

4 20

440

4 60

3
3

11
3
8

16
16

33
3
30

47
26
21

30
10
20

19
11
8

13
10
3

5
3
2

8
6
2

6
5
1

33
32
1

39
39

18
18

44
44
~

18
18
“

1
1
“

1
1

7

3

6

2

2

3

7

-

-

-

-

4

15

-

-

22
10
12

13
3
10

3
3

10
10
■

1

-

-

-

30
30

14
14

34
34

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

1
~

-

“

“

-

1

*

2 1 2 .0 0 -

409 .03

-

-

-

-

-

1

341 .50
3 5 7 . OC
184 .00

1 9 2 .3 0 3 4 1 .3 0 1 6 0 .0 0 -

374 .50
3 83.50
200 .00

_
-

_

_
-

_

3

9

-

-

3

9

13
3
10

1 87 .00
1 76 .50

1 8 5 . 10
169 .00

1 6 9 .3 0 1 5 0 .3 0 -

199 .50
189 .00

-

1
1

3
3

2
2

3
3

6
6

21
5

4
i

3
3

“

1
1

39.5
3 9.5

285 .00
3 10.00

331 .50
331 .50

2 2 5 .5 0 3 1 2 .5 0 -

336 .03
336 .03

-

-

-

_

-

11
11

-

-

6
4

-

-

7
-

-

-

6
3

3

-

120
46

3 9 .5
4 0.0

2 90.00
297 .50

295 .00
326 .50

2 95 »3 0 — 310 .00
2 7 0 .5 0 - 332 .53

-

-

_

-

5

-

~

5
4

-

-

1
-

-

-

“

6
6

“
-

GFNERAL..............................

107

3 9 .5

2 91.00

2 9 5 . DC

2 9 5 .0 0 -

306 .50

-

-

-

-

248
108
140

39.0
3 9 .5
3 8 .5

2 33.50
2 85.50
1 93.50

232 .00
321 .00
1 58 .50

1 5 3 .5 0 27C .5 11 4 3 .0 0 -

322 .00
3 33.30
2 5 3 .03

-

4
3
1

8
8

17
3
14

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ...............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . ............ ....................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

227
QA
1 31

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
3 8 .5

239 .50
302 .00
193 .50

2 53 .00
328 .50
1 58 .50

1 5 3 .5 0 3 1 2 .0 0 1 4 2 .5 0 -

3 29.50
3 3 5 .00
253.00

“

4
3
1

F IL E CLERKS. CLASS C ....................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

118
137

38.5
3 8 .5

1 49.50
1 32.50

130 .00
130 .00

1 3 0 .3 0 1 3 0 .0 0 -

138 .03
1 30.00

_

-

file

weekly

1

100
ANO
UNDER
110

T Y P I S T S .................. ............................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .....................................................
NON MANUFACTURING........................ .. .................

STENOGRAPHERS.

STRAIGHT -TIME

-

-

1

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
25
17
8

9
9
“

49
46
3

25
17
8

2
2
“

-

-

-

_

-

49
46
3

-

1
1

-

19

3

15
15

2
2

9
9
“

7
1
6

69
69

8
*
5

3

29
29

21
21

“

2
2
“

29

30

“

65

10
1
9

3

“

2

-

3
3

6
6

5
5

7
7

-

7
3
4

4
4

1

5
8
8

30

9
9

29

5

22
3
19

32
32
19
19

14
6
8

7
7

2
2

~

5
5
3
2

-

17
3
14

“

65
2

33
3
30

8
8

-

5
5

1
1

1

9

”

■

28
19

“

-

“
“

clerks:

-

.

1
1

-

-

~

ii
“

-

-

-

“

”

~

-

-

-

”

“

~

MESSENGERS......................................................................

31

3 9 .0

2 18.00

249 .00

1 3 0 .5 0 -

316 .50

-

-

4

6

4

1

-

-

~

-

4

2

-

2

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

SWITCHROARD OPERATORS.................. .. .................
NONKANUFACTURING........................................

57
35

3 9 .0
3 8 .0

2 25.30
1 67 .50

2 11 .00
138 .00

1 3 6 .5 0 1 2 0 .1 0 -

3 18 .50
1 74 .30

2
2

6
6

4
4

8
8

5
5

_

_

3

-

-

-

8
2

7
1

2

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

5

-

3
3

SWITCHROARD OPERATORRE CE PTI ONI ST S...........................................................
MANUFACTURING........................................ ...
NONMANUFACTURING.............................................

96
5A
40

3 9 .5
40.0
3 9 .5

1 85 .30
1 77.50
1 95 .50

160•00
157 .50
166 .00

1 5 0 .1 0 1 5 3 .5 0 1 4 7 .0 0 -

1 97.50
187 .00
2 83 .30

-

-

7
-

13
13

3
3

27
21
6

12
~
12

3
3
-

-

-

-

7

24
16
8

-

-

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

ORDER C L E R K S . . . . . ..................................................
MANUFACTURING........................................ ...

69
54

3 9 .5
39.5

2 14.50
224 .00

22C .30
230 .00

2 0 0 .0 3 2 1 6 .3 3 -

231 .53
2 3 1 .50

_

_

3
“

_

3

6
6

_

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

~

-

41

39.0

2 00 .00

216 .30

1 6 3 .0 0 -

221 .00

-

6

“

-

-

-

-

ORDER CLFRKS.

CLASS

B.................................

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




3

3

3

“

-

—
-

3
3
-

1
1

19
10

26
26

A
6

A
A

13

16

-

-

_
-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O c c u p a t i o n an d i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean ^

Median 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

Middle range 2

140

15 0

160

180

200

2 20

243

2 60

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

4 40

120

130

140

150

163

18 0

2 00

220

240

263

2 80

300

320

343

360

380

4 00

420

440

4 60

2
2

2
2

29
22
2

25
25
2

15
15
2

55
31

90
66
7

59
34
3

45
25
4

15
9
2

37
13
13

14
8
8

5
2
2

5
-

143
-

57
-

82
-

32
-

11
-

7
-

5
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

7
1

31
25

25
20

25
19

9
6

25
1

8
8

5
2

3
-

_

48

-

-

76
-

30
-

5
-

3
-

12

6
6
-

_
-

2
2
-

143
143

9
9
-

6
6
-

2
2

6
6
-

4
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

12
11
1

3
3

_
-

16
16
-

20
20
~

21
21
-

_
-

-

IP

66
66
-

17
17
-

9
9
_

_

_

_
_
_

12

-

-

80
76
4
4

_

-

7
7
-

_

2
2
"

2
2

46
46
-

3
3
-

2
2
-

2
2
-

20
20

77
73

15
15

7
7

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A
NONMANUFACTURING. . .

337
84

3 9 .5
3 9 .0

2 9 7 . CO
1 98 .50

355.50
1 8 9 .00

2 1 0 .5 0 1 7 0 .5 0 -

365 .03
218 .03

-

_

“

“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B
MANUFACTURING...............
NONMANUFACTURING.. .
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .

428
258
173
26

3 9 .0
40.0
37.5
4 0 .0

2 38 .00
2 89 .00
1 60 .50
2 0 5 . OC

200.30
336.30
156.00
2 20 .00

1 5 8 .3 0 2 0 0 .3 0 1 3 5 .3 0 1 7 2 .5 0 -

3 36 .33
3 36 .03
1 72 .50
249 .03

2

2

PAYROLL CLERKS.....................
MANUFACTURING...............
NONMANUFACTURING.. .

154
1 28
26

39.5
3 9 .5
3 8.5

2 73 .00
2 89 .00
1 94.00

2 6 2 . GO
294.50
166.00

1 9 6 .5 0 2 0 1 .3 0 1 5 5 .0 0 -

KEY ENTRY O P E R A T O R S . ..
MANUFACTURING...............
NONMANUFACTURING.. .
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .

331
254
77
27

3 9 .5
40.0
39.0
43.0

267 .00
2 87.00
2 0 1 .00
241 .00

311.00
3 1 7 .00
181.00
265.50

119
90
29

3 9.5
40.0
3 8 .5

2 5 7 .50
280 .50
1 87.00

212
16 4
48

39.5
39.5
39.5

272 .50
2 90 .50
2 10 .30

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.
MANUFACTURING...............
NONMANUFACTURING.. .

CLASS

R ............

2

2
2

-

1 9 2 .3 0 2 3 5 .3 0 1 6 0 .0 0 1 8 0 .0 0 -

3 31 .00
331 .30
234 .00
265 .50

-

-

2 5 5 .00
312 .30
181.00

2 0 1 .5 0 2 35 .30 1 6 3 .5 0 -

317 .00
317 .00
210 .00

-

317.00
331.00
1 80.00

1 8 3 .3 0 2 5 7 .5 0 1 5 5 .5 0 -

3 31.30
333 .00
2 65 .50

_

25
~
25
2

13
~
13
2

48
18
30
“

59
18
41
1

34
20
14
3

20
14
6
2

6
3
3
2

12
12

-

2

3 60 .50
3 65 .50
2 22 .00

29
7
22
2

-

1
1

6
6

17
11
6

16
15
1

11
10
1

21
18
3

2
2

3
3
“

7
7

21
12
9

29
15
14
6

30
21
9
3

23
13
10
1

11
3
8
-

9
8
i
1

19
7

-

2
~
2

_
-

12
7
5

19
10
9

5
3
2

9
8
i

4

“

13
3
10

5

21
12
9

16
12
4

18
14
4

4
3
1

6
6

-

“
-

-

-

_

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




OF —

13 0

*249.50
166 .00
240.00

A............

DOLLARS!

120

*262.50
173 .00
2 14.00

CLASS

(IN

110

39.5
3 8 .0
4 0.0

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.
M A N U FA CT U RI N G .. ... .
NONMANUFACTURING.. .

* 1 7 0 .3 0 - *3 55 .50
1 4 8 .5 0 - 1 89 .00
1 7 0 .0 0 - 249 .00

WEEKLY EARNINGS

130
AND
UNDER
110

735
254
45

ACCOUNTING CLERKS............
NONMANUFACTURING.. .
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .

STRAIGHT--TIME

4

3
3

-

-

5

-

4

-

4

“
15
3
12

5
*
5

-

f
t

-

-

~

4

-

5
-

_
_
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
O ccu p a tio n and in d u str y d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean ^

Median 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS

Middle range 2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . . .............................................................
m anu facturin g. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

94
58

39.0
3 9.5

S427.Q0
4 70 .00

*4 0 2 .5 0
4 48 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS A....................................

35

3 9 .0

4 70 .50

414.00

3 8 4 .5 0 -

* 3 5 7 .5 0 - *4 97 .00
4 0 2 .5 0 - 5 42 .50

5 76 .50

RECEIVING

280

30 0

3 20

34 0

360

3 80

430

420

443

480

52 3

560

63 0

6 40

680

200

-

260

220

24 0

260

280

30 0

32 0

3 40

36 0

38 0

4 00

42 0

440

48?

52 7

56 0

6 00

6 40

6 80

7 20

4

12
3

4
i

15
9

16
13

4
3

6
5

8
8

6
6

5
5

3
2

2
2

1
1

2

12

6

1

i

i

2

4

3

2

1

-

-

1

*

-

-

-

-

“

“

"

4 18 .00

413 .00

3 5 0 .3 0 -

4 97 .00

4 19 .30
4 42 .50

4 0 7 . JO
434.00

3 3 7 .5 0 3 7 0 .5 0 -

493 .00
511 .00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS P ......................................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

78
67

4 3.0
4 0.0

4 34 .00
4 55 .50

4 4 6 .50
4 7 1 .50

3 4 1 .5 0 3 8 0 .3 0 -

5 18 .50
5 25 .50

“

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS C............................................................. ...
MANUFACTURING.................................................

34
26

4 0 .0
4 0.0

3 35 .50
3 59.30

339 .30
368.50

2 6 7 .5 0 3 3 5 .0 0 -

3 88 .00
403 .50

~

~

COMPUTER OPERATORS...............................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.............................................

128
96
32

39.5
40.0
39.0

3 26.50
3 59 .50
226 .50

3 68 .50
3 7 9 .50
2 02 .30

2 2 0 .0 0 3 4 8 .5 0 1 9 0 .0 0 -

3 99 .50
4 16 .50
2 54.50

5
5

13
3
10

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS R................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

65
48

39.5
3 9 .5

3 14 .00
3 51 .50

313.30
3 93 .00

2 0 7 .0 0 3 1 3 .0 0 -

399 .50
413 .50

1

12

COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C ................
MANUFACTURING........................... .. .......................

39
34

39.5
43.0

3 23 .50
3 45 .00

3 59 .00
3 68 .50

2 3 0 .5 0 3 5 0 .5 3 -

3 78.50
3 82 .50

4

D R A F T E R S . . . . . . . . . . . .................. .. .............. ...
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

459
369

40.0
40.0

3 79 .50
3 88 .00

4 08 .00
4 37 .00

3 3 2 .5 0 3 4 5 .3 0 -

438 .00
4 41.50

CLASS A.............................................

212

40.0

445 .00

4 41 .50

4 3 8 .3 0 -

DRAFTERS. CLASS B.............................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

93
67

39.5
3 9.5

3 79 .00
376.50

3 9C .30
3 81 .50

DRAFTERS. CLASS C.............................................
MA NU FA CT U RI NG .. ...................... .......................

94
65

40.0
40.0

3 21.00
3 18 .00

DRAFTERS.

45

39.0

314
332

4 0.0
40.0

1
5
3

3
“

2

~

4

11

i

~

6

3

7

4

i

-

-

-

4

6
3

14
9

5
4

6
5

6
*;

8
8

12
12

11
10

14
14

13
13

13
13

4
4

4
4

4
4

1
1

6
3

10
6

i
-

3
3

4
3

3
3

6
6

3
3

9
9

12
12

13
13

4
4

i
i

1
l

-

~

4
3

4
4

2
2

2
2

5
5

3
3

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

1
1

7
6
1

_
-

8
8

19
18
1

18
17
1

'8
8
-

18
18
-

4
4
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

5
5

11
11

5
5

11
11

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

10
13

6
6

1
1

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

21
13

34
23

26
19

37
31

22
12

101
93

98
92

11
11

5
5

-

-

-

-

11

5

-

-

-

-

_

“

*
5

1
“

i

5
3

2
~

3

9
6
3

10
7
3

5
1
4

3

4
3

7
9

2

1
“

“

6
6

1
“

3
3

3
3

1
1

-

-

-

i

3
3

31
28

8
7

23
20

16
9

4

18
3

457 .50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

7

3

2

89

92

3 4 3 .3 0 3 4 3 .0 0 -

4 10.00
4 09 .50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
3

13
10

22
19

4
i

18
14

17
9

9
5

6
6

340 .30
355.50

2 5 4 .0 0 2 5 0 .3 0 -

3 72 .50
380 .50

2 48 .30

232.00

2 1 8 .5 0 -

430 .50
4 33.00

436 .50
4 36 .50

4 2 0 .0 0 4 2 0 .0 0 -

3 62 .50
3 66.50

3 80 .50
385 .00

3 5 1 .0 0 3 5 1 .0 0 -

1

3

~

“

_

-

7
7

272 .30

-

-

18

436 .50
4 36.50

-

-

-

394 .00
3 94.00

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

"

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_
-

-

-

5

8
6

i

“

18
17

9
~

2
-

12
4

15
11

16
14

3
3

3
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

7

3

6

3

5

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

11

-

-

9
9

_

-

65
64

_

“

169
169

_

”

53
53

_

~

7
7

_

“

“

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




4

-

-

3 9 .0

3 9 .5
3 9 .5

3

-

4 0 .0
40.0

93
90

OF—

240

45

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES...................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ...............

DOLLARS)

22 0

133
11?

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

(IN

200

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
MANUFACTURING.. ...............................................

CLASS 0 .......................................

WEEKLY EARNINGS

180

160
AND
UNDER
180

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS B....................................

DRAFTERS.

STRAIGHT- TIME

1

7
6

3
3

7
7

4
4

9
9

14
14

33
33

9
9

5
5

i

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
Avenge
(mean2 )
O ccu pation ,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
workers

Weekh
r
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O ccu pation ,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

4 0.0
CLASS A..................

4 0 .0

s e x . 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UOPEN

54

39.5

2 24 .00

CLASS R . . . . . ..................

41

3 9.0

2 00 .00

654

3 9.0

CONTINUED

2 51 .50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS ........................................................................

4 0 .0

3 19 .03
1 86 .00

COMPUTFR OPERATORS*
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

74

39.0

43.0

*447.50

40.0

62

2 14 .00
226

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

3 85.00
ORDER CLERKS*

MANUFACTURING....................................................

Weekly
hours r
(standard'

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUEO

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.................................................

49

O ccupation,

Number
of
workers

*3 7 8 .5 3
MANUFACTURING....................................................

ACCOUNTING CLERKS.

Weekly
Weekly
hours
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUEO

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS PEN

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

384 .50

CLASS R . . . . . .

1 98 .00
390 .50

183

3 9 .5

an

3 7.5

45

3 9 .0

2 05 .00
NONPANUFACTURING............................................

1 84 .00
66
194.00

1 76 .50

DRAFTERS*

CLASS C............. ...............................

ELECTRONICS

TE CH N IC IA NS .• • • • • • • • • • •

84

40.0

326.50

3 9.5
70

3 9 .5

3 08 .50

119

39.5

2 89.00

2 48 .00
2 41.00
301
107

3 9 .5

2 91.00
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

2A7

3 9 .0
3 8 .5

OPERATORS*

CLASS R............

226
95
131

3 9 .0
4 0 .0
38.5

239 .00
3 01.50
1 93 .50

48

39.5

117

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

25
56
34

3 9 .0
3 9 .0
38.0

2 14.50
226 .00
1 67 .00

WOMEN

76
49

3 9.0
39.5

(R U S IN E S S )....

30

40.0

3 48 .00

COMPUTER OPERATORS...............................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

52
34

3 9.5
39.5

2 74 .00
3 1 4 .00

91

39.5

3 6 2 .00

4 39 .50
COMPUTER OPERATORS*

CLASS

R...............

368.50

1 32 .50

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES..................
MANUFACTURING................. .. ............................

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) * CLASS A...................................

33

39.0

4 76 .00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( R U S I N E S S ) * CLASS B...................................

36

39.0

4 23.50

103

40.3

4 43.00
4 68 .00

SUITCHROARD OPERATORRECEPTIONISTS .........................................................

96

3 9.5

1 8 5 . 0 0 COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ............................................

40

3 9.5

1 95 .50

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




433.00

2 10.00

PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ..................................................................

clerks:

SUITCHROARD OPERATORS......................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

*

2 72 .00
OCCUPATIONS -

NONMANUFACTURING............................................

file

*

1 87 .00

1 93.50

KEY ENTRY

T Y P I S T S . CLASS R..............................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

38.5

233 .00

140

T Y P I S T S .............................................................................

29

6

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers
Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
Hourly earnings

O ccu p a tion and in d u str y d i v is io n

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

NUMBER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

Median2

6 .2 0 6 .4 0
UNDER
AND
_
6 . 2 C UNOER
6 .4 0 6 .6 0

Middle range 2

STRAIGHT-TIME

HOURLY EARNINGS

(IN

OF—

DOLLARS!

9.0~*

209
208

$ 9.9 5
9 .9 5

*1 0 .2 9
1 0.28

MAINTENANCE EL ECT RI CI AN S..............................
MANUFACTURING.................................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .......................................

1 .7 0 1
1 .6 2 1
80

1 0.3 5
1 0.3 6
1 0.2 3

1 0 .3 6
1 0 .3 6
1 0.56

1 0 .0 8 1 0.0 89 .4 0 -

1 0 .8 8
1 0 .9 1
10.5 6

-

MAINTENANCE PAINTERS.........................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

111
11 1

9 .4 8
9 .4 8

9 .4 6
9 .4 6

9 .3 8 9 .3 8 -

1 0 .0 2
1 0 .0 2

-

MAINTENANCE M A C H I N I ST S. .................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

518
498

10.7 0
10.7 0

1 0.8 5
1 0.8 5

9 .8 4 9 .8 1 -

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS ( M A C H I N E R Y ) . .
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

2 .6 7 8
2 .5 2 7

1 0 .7 3
13.8 5

1 1.0 4
1 1.0 4

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE H IC LE S) ..................................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ......................................

509
310
199
197

1 0.07
1 0.28
9 .7 4
9 .7 4

1 0.20
1 0.20
1 0.21
1 0 . 21

MAINTENANCE P IP E F I T T E R S ................................
MANUFACTURING.....................................................

67 1
609

9 .9 2
9 .9 7

9 .9 1
9 .9 1

W O RK ERS....

53

9 .9 6

1 0.04

9 .6 4 -

634
58 1

8 .6 2
8 .9 5

8 .8 7
8 .9 2

8 .8 0 8 .8 3 -

9 .1 2
9 .1 2

30

-

90
90

8 .8 1
8 .8 1

7 .5 3
7 .5 3

7 .4 7 7 .4 7 -

10.1 7
10.1 7

-

-

-

1 0 .2 3
1 0.2 4

1 0.30
1 0.3 0

R .8 79 .8 7 -

1 0 .3 8
10.3 8

_

-

BOILER TE NDERS.........................................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

84
83

9 .3 6
9 .3 8

9 .8 5
9 .8 5

9 .3 6 9 .4 3 -

1 0 .1 1
1 0 .1 1

-

_

-

-

7 .6 0

7 .8 0

8 .0 0

8 .2 3

8 . 40

8 .6 0

8 .8 0

6 .8 0

7 .0 0

7 .2 0

7 .4 0

7 .6 0

7 .80

8 .0 0

8 .2 0

8 .4 3

8 . 60

8 .8 0

9 . CO 9 . 2 3

-

-

-

-

-

~

_
-

_
-

i
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

1

8
8
-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

7
7

_

_

_

-

82
81

7 .4 0

-

STATIONARY ENGINEERS.........................................
MANUFACTURING.. ...............................................

7 .2 0

_

TOOL AND OIE MAKERS............................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

7 .0 0

10.4 7

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . .......................................

6 .8 0

-

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS...................................
MANUFACTURING.................. .. ...............................

6 .6 0

MAINTENANCE

SHEET-METAL

* 9 . 5 1 —* 1 0 . 4 1
9 .5 1 - 1 0.4 1

-

-

-

“

3
3

11.5 6
1 1.5 6

-

-

-

1 0 .5 4 - 1 1 .2 4
1 0 .7 0 - 1 1.2 4

_

~

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

~

-

-

1
1
1

3
3

_

3
3

-

-

9 .6 7 - 1 0 .2 0
9 .8 1 - 1 0.2 0

-

3
3

-

62
62

17
17

44
44

71
70

“

22
2
20

25 7
257
-

548
541
7

321
279
42

453
443
10

-

23
23

-

7
7
-

4
4

a
4

41
41

20
20

32
32

_

_

-

-

~

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

13 1
130

45
45

31
26

166
152

1 30
130

9
9

52
52

161
16 1

200
169

5 00
496

586
586

1055
1049

_

79
65
14
14

68
17
51
51

109
85
24
24

12
12
12

“

3
-

2
2

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

a
4

_

110
-

_

_

_

-

7
7

_

-

-

-

-

9
9
9

-

-

4
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
8
6

33
33
-

-

35
35
35

-

151
110
41
41

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

93
37

3 36
336

137
137

10 0
97

12

15

15

-

-

-

6
6

_

_

_

_

-

4
4

23

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

39
39

_

_

-

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

_

_

_

-

14
14

-

_

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




-

15
15

11

1 0 .7 8
1 1 .1 0
1 0 .6 7
1 0 .6 7

9 .7 7 9 .9 7 9 .0 3 9 .0 0 -

49
49
“
-

12
12

9 .6 0 1 0 .0010 .4 0 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0 1 1 .6 0
*N0
OVER
9 .6 3 1 0 .0 0 1 0 .4010 .8011 . 2 0 1 1 .6 0

9 .2 0

-

-

-

1
-

-

18
18

_

_

_

-

-

228
228

233
233

32
32

_

-

64
64

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

8
8

12
12

22
22

_

-

_

-

-

-

10
9

18
18

37
37

13
13

_

_

4
4

17
17

20
20

21
21

4
4

_

_

-

~

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

~

-

3
3

-

-

-

4
4

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Gary—HammondEast Chicago, Ind., October 1979
Hourly earnings *
Number
of
workers

O ccupa tion and in du stry d i v is io n

T RUC KD RI VERS...............................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONM
ANUFACTURING............................................
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S ......................................

2 ,06 1
1 ,30 6
755
677

Mean 2

NUHRER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

Median*

2 .8 0 3 .2 0 3 .6 3
AND
UNDER
3 .2 0 3 .6 3 4 .3 1

S 9 .4 9
9 .3 2
9 .7 8
1 0 .1 3

S 9 . 40
9 .0 4
10.0 9
10.2 5

Middle range 2

* 9 .0 0 - * 1 0.2 5
8 .9 2 - 10.0 2
9 .7 0 - 10.3 7
1 0 .0 9 - 10.8 6

8
8

STRAIGHT- TIME

-

(I N

DOLLARS)

OF—

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5.60

6 .00

6 .4 0

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 . 63

8 .3 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 3

9 .2 0

4 .4 0

4 .8 0

5.2 0

5 .6 0

6 .0 0

6 .40

6 .8 0

7 .2 0

7 .6 3

8 .0 0

8 .4 0

8 .8 0

9 .2 0

9 .6 0 1 3 .0 0 1 0 .4 3 1 0 .8 0 1 1 .2 0 1 1 .6 0 1 2 .00

25
25

9
9

12
9
3

7
7
-

-

4
4

129
129
-

131
131
-

551
422
129
129

12

TRUCKORIVERS.

MEDIUM TRUCK..................

35R

9 .2 5

10.0 9

9 .0 0 -

1 0 .0 9

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

9

11

-

-

-

-

-

2

TRUCKORIVERS,

HEAVY TRUCK.....................

343

1 0 . C5

1 0 .7 5

9 .5 5 -

10.7 5

-

-

-

-

-

-

25

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

T R A C T O R -T R A I L E R .. . .
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ............................................
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S ......................................

500
330
30 4

9 .8 7
1 0 .4 4
1 0 .5 0

1 0 .2 5
1 0.3 0
1 0 .3 7

8 .3 7 1 0 .2 5 1 0 .2 5 -

10.8 6
1 0 .8 6
10.8 6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

129

15

~

“

~

-

-

RECEIVERS........................................................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

140
88
52

7 .6 6
8 .6 6
5 .9 6

8 .2 8
8 .8 2
6 .0 0

6 .9 5 8 .2 9 4 .4 0 -

9 .0 6
9 .2 1
7 .2 8

-

-

-

-

11
7
4

-

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N . . . . . . . ................................... ..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .. . .............................

504
424

8 .4 0
8 .4 4

8 .5 1
8 .5 1

8 .2 8 8 .2 8 -

8 .7 2
8 .7 2

-

-

“

“

1
”

20
20

29
21

16 3
163

7 .2 8
7 .2 8

5 .7 8
5 .7 8

5 .6 3 5 .6 3 -

1 0 .2 5
1 0 .2 5

-

6
6

6
6

-

8
8

45
45

-

“

21
21

3 .4 5 7 .3 3 -

8 .0 5
8 .1 3

62
“

24
4

-

3

5
4

1
“

30
30

6
6

-

-

-

-

7
7

-

TRUCKORIVERS.

.

SHIPPING PACKERS....................................................
MAN UFACTURING... .............................

“

-

-

-

FORKLIFT OPERATORS...............................................
MANUFACTURING...................................................

8 36
776

8 .9 9
9 .1 6

9 .1 5
9 .2 2

8 .6 2 8 .6 9 -

9 .6 1
9 .7 2

-

POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) ...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

1 44
96

8 .2 2
9 .0 8

8 .2 6
8 .7 4

6 .4 9R .2 6-

8 .8 2
9 .5 6

“

-

GUARDS................................................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ....................................................
NONMANUFACTURING............................................

1 ,06 6
523
543

5 .8 6
8 .4 7
3 .3 5

4 .8 8
8 .8 1
3 .5 0

3 .5 1 8 .4 0 2 .9 0 -

8 .8 1
8 .8 8
3 .5 0

210
210

305
305

-

A.................................................

205

7 .5 3

8 .4 0

6 .1 0 -

8 .8 8

-

-

GUARDS, CLASS P ............... ..................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

74 6
229

4 .9 4
8 .7 0

3 .5 0
8 .7 1

2 .9 38 .5 4 -

8 .3 1
8 .9 0

210
“

305

JA NI T O RS , PORTERS, AND C L E A N E R S . . . .
MANUFACTURING................................... ................

1 ,59 3
737

5 .4 5
7 .6 4

4 .3 6
8 .0 1

3 .0 5 7 .9 4 -

7 • 99
8 .0 4

484

225
15

“

-

~

-

“

18 4

6

27

38
36
12

166
166
16 4

24

10
10
-

5
5
-

_

27
27

_

_

_

-

~

-

-

33
33

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

12
9
3

14
14
-

17
17
~

19
19

114
134

295
246

9

_

-

6

6
6

9
9

3
3

_

-

10
13

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

156

60

-

-

_

_

-

-

128
128
128

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12

4

6
-

4
-

-

-

“

7
7

3
3

6
6

-

-

2

33
33

84
75

88
88

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9

30
“

14
14

_

36
12

35
30

36
35

107
107

156
156

18 8
18 8

40
40

1 37
13 7

34
34

”

“

48
-

-

-

-

36
36

14
14

16
16

13
13

-

-

9
9

5
4
i

21
20
1

7
7
-

12
12
~

138
137
1

235
234
1

38
38
-

4
3
1

_
-

-

42
42
-

5

16

6

12

-

-

65

51

-

-

5
5

i
i

42
42

73
72

69
68

38
38

369
369

3
3

_

_

6
2
4

-

12

4
4

“

27
24
3

-

12

4

6

-

27

-

-

-

-

-

-

"

"

“

~

“

54
13

40
15

27
14

7
2

31
23

8

-

69

-

4

12

at end o f ta b le s.

-

-

“
8

7
7

-

_

-

18
6

9

-

_
3

_
-

_
304
2 57

-

188
188
188

-

~

-

140

1 80
180
-

-

“

-

-

53 5
1 85
350
3 48

12

”

“

-

-

44
8
36
12

226
226

13
7
6

-

“

-

6 .2 7
7 .3 4




-

9

338
240

See footnotes

-

6
6

MATERIAL HANDLING LARORERS........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . ..............................

GUARDS, CLASS

-

9

4
4

4
4

7 .6 0
7 .6 6

9 .6 0 1 0 . 0 3 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 .20 1 1 .6 0

4 .0 0

12
-

HOURLY EARNINGS

4
4

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

-

3
3

-

8
8

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

_

10
10

_

-

3
3

O ccupation,

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM*
POWFRPLANT OCCUPATIONS -

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

O ccu pation ,

Average
Number (mean2)
of
hourly
workers earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

AND
NEN

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS...................................
MANUFACTURING....................................................

s e x , 3 and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

205
294

C
s
J

3RD

V

* 9 . 9 7 TRUCKORIVERS— CONTINUED
9 .9 7
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEOIUM TRUCK..................

O
'




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex.
Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979

HEAVY TRUCK.....................

343

1 0.0 5

TRUCKDRIVERS* T R A C T O R -T R A I L E R . . . .
NONKANIJF ACTURTNG............................................
PURLIC U T I L I T I E S ......................................

496
330
30«

9 .8 8
1C . 4 4
1 0 .5 2

RECEIV FR S ............ ..........................................................
M A N U F A C T U R IN G ...................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ............................................

116
69
47

7 .4 1
8 .3 8
5 .9 «

473
401

ft . 4 2
8 .4 3

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIANS!
TRUCKPRIVERSe
MAINTENANCE

PAINTERS........................................

119

MAINTENANCE

MACHINISTS...................................

AA 1

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR VE H IC LE S) .................................................

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S ......................................

9 . A8

1 2.6 5

A67

9 .9 9

1R7

9 .7 0
MATERIAL

SHEET-METAL

W ORKERS....

609

5 .9 5
7 .2 3

O P E R A T O R S . . . . . . ..............................
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

756
696

8 .9 1
9 .0 9

915
4 ft 9

8 .4 4

9 .9 7

53

268
174

FORKLIFT

MANUFACTURING.............. ..................................
MAINTENANCE

HANDLING LABORERS........................

9 .9 6

m anufacturing.

ft . 9 3

199
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .. ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

90

8 .8 1
GUARDS,

MANUFACTURING....................... ............................

69

CLASS R . . . . .................. ...

604
2C7

5 .1 0
8 .6 7

I*1. 23
MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

MATERIAL m o v e m e n t a n d c u s t o d i a l
OCCUPATIONS - MFN

NONMANUFACTURING............................................

1 ,9 9 4
738
661

7 .5 0
4 .5 4

142

HANDLING LARORERS........................

68
150

MATERIAL
TRUCKORIVERS...............................................................

4 .2 9

9 .5 2
9 .7 7
1 2 . 1A

S e e fo o t n o t e s at end o f t a b l e s .

9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups




N O T E : D at a f o r t a b l e A - 7 a r e not a v a i l a b l e f o r t h e G a r y —H a m m o n d E a s t C h i c a g o a r e a s i n c e t h is i s t h e f i r s t y e a r a s u r v e y o f c o m p a r a b l e
s c o p e w a s c o n d u ct e d in the a re a .
R e f e r e n c e to table A - 7
n o t a p p l y i n t h is a r e a .

in

the

10

standard

text o f

th e b u l l e t i n

does

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations,
Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
O ffice c l e r i c a l occu p a tion being c o m p a r e d —
O c c u p a t i o n w h i c h e q u a l s 100

Switch-

Secretaries
Stenographers,
general

Typists,
class B

File clerks,
class C

Messengers

Switch­
board
operators

Class B

CLASS P ...........................
CLASS C ...........................
CLASS D...........................
CLASS E ...........................
s t e n o g r a p h e r s , g e n e r a l .....................
T Y P I S T S . CLASS B ......................................
F ILE CLERK S. CLASS C ...........................
MESSENGERS........................................................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS........................
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORRE C EP TIO NI ST S ............................................
ORDER CLERKS, CLASS R........................
ACCOUNTING CL ERKS, CLASS A . . . .
ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS B . . . .
PAYROLL CLERKS......................................... ..
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A . .
KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS B . .

SEC R ET AR IE S.
SE CR ET ARI ES.
SE CR ET ARI ES.
SE CR ET ARI ES.

Class C

Class D

Class E

100
(6 )
134
< 61
<61
<61
137
158
<61

103
1U8
109
<61
122
(6)
<61
113

1 00
1 17
<61
131
<61
134
110

100
<61
112
<61
110
10 4

100
112
<61
<61
99

1 00
108
1 04
93

10 0
<61
88

100
91

127
<61
98
11 1
<61
<61
<61

122
<61
89
111
104
93
11 5

<61
<6 1
<61
<6 1
92
<61
109

<61
<61
95
<61
89
<61
105

95
75
84
93
85
86
95

<61
<61
79
91
<61
79
88

82
<61
<61
<61
83
86
92

<61
<61
87
98
91
<61
102

Accounting clerics
Order clerics,
class B

Key entry operators
clerics

100

118
<61
108
127
<61
126
135

operatorreceptionists

100
99
87
100
87
88
115

Class A

101
113
106
<61
119

1 00
93
10 4
111
10 7
122

Class B

100
93
<61
137

Class A

1 00
97
117

Class B

100
11 2

100

P r o f e s s i o n a l and t e c h n i c a l o c c u p a t i o n b e i n g c o m p a r e d —
Computer systems analysts (business)

Computer programmers (business)

Computer operators

Drafters
nurees

Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
< B U S I N E S S ! , CLASS A...........................
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
< B U S I N E S S ! » CLASS R ...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
< B U S I N E S S ! , CLASS R ...........................
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
<B US IN ES S1. CLASS C...........................
COMPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS B . . .
COMPUTER OPERATORS, CLASS C . . .
DRAFTERS. CLASS A ...................................
DRAFTERS, CLASS B ...................................
DRAFTERS, CLASS C ...................................
DRAFTERS. CLASS D .......................... ..
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL N U R S E S ..

Class B

Class B

Class C

Class B

Class C

Class A

Class B

100
<61
<61
95
<61
93

100
112
124
162
121

100
115
141
108

Class C

Class D

100
116

100

13 3

121

100

161
<61
180
<61
<61
<61
<61
141

138
155
163
<61
<61
<61
<61
125

119
122
134
< 61
< 61
< 61
< 61
< 61

no
104
108
<61
<61
<6!
<61
98

100
1 09
<61
<61
<61
<61
86

103
113
96

103
74

10 0

S e e f o o t n o t e at end o f t a b l e s .

NOTE:
T a b l e s A - 8 and A - 9 p r e s e n t the a v e r a g e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n p a i r s o f o c c u p a t i o n s w i t h i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
F o r e x a m p l e , a v a l u e o f 122 i n d i c a t e s tha t e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n
d i r e c t l y a b o v e in the h e a d i n g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r than e a r n i n g s f o r th e o c c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y to t h e l e f t in t h e st u b .
S i m i l a r l y , a v a l u e o f 85 i n d i c a t e s e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n in the h e a d i n g
a r e 15 p e r c e n t b e l o w e a r n i n g s f o r the o c c u p a t i o n in th e stu b.
See appendix A fo r m e th o d o f com p utation.




11

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations.
Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
M ain ten ance, t o o lr o o m ,
O c c u p a t i o n w h i c h e q u a l s 100
Carpenters

Electricians

Painters

Machinists

Sheet-metal workers
Machinery

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS.....................
MAINTENANCE EL EC TR IC IA N S................
MAINTENANCE PAINT ERS ...........................
MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS.....................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MACHINERY).................................................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H IC L E S ) ...................................
MAINTENANCE P I P E F I T T E R S ..................
MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL
WORKERS.............................................................
MAINTENANCE TRADE S H E L P E R S . . . .
TOOL AND DIE MAKERS..............................
STATIONARY ENGINEERS...........................
BOILER TENDERS............................................

an d p o w e r p l a n t o c c u p a t i o n b e i n g c o m p a r e d —

Mechanics
Trades helpers

100
117
(6)
97
104

130
(6 )
81
88

Tool and die
makers

Stationary engineers

Boiler tenders

Motor vehicles

100
97
104
93

100
108
97

100
89

100

(A )

100

(6)

102

100

96
99

100
102

94
96

103
104

99
101

1 00
101

100

97
113
(6)
93
130

99
117
96
99
105

94
107
86
92
97

105
125
96
99
107

(6)
118
86
100
105

99
118
(6)
99
104

99
11 5
(6)
97
10 3

100
(6 )
(6 )

100
105

100

M a t e r i a l m o v e m e n t and c u s t o d i a l o c c u p a t i o n b e i n g c o m p a r e d —
T ruckdrivers
Medium truck

TRUCKDRIVERS. MEOIUM T R U C K . . . .
TRUCKDRIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK............
TRUCKDRIVERS. TRACT OR-T RAIL ER.
RECEIVERS..........................................................
WAREHOUSE ME« .................................................
SHIPPING PACKERS......................................
MATERIAL HANDLING L A B O R E R S . . . .
FORKLIFT OPERATORS.................................
POWER-TRUCK OPERATORS
(OTHER THAN F O R K L I F T ) .....................
GUARDS. CLASS A.........................................
GUARDS. CLASS R.........................................
JA NIT OR S. PORTERS. AND
CLEANERS..........................................................

Guards

Power-truck
Receivers

Warehousemen

Shipping packers

laborers

Forklift operators

(other than
forklift)

Class A

Class B

and cleaners

Heavy truck

Tractor^trailer

(6)
(6 )
(6)

130
105
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

100
(6)
( 6)
(6 )
122
(6)

100
99
(6 )
132
97

100
(6 )
105
98

100
105
101

100
93

100

1 13
(6 )
(6 )

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )

(6)
(6)
(6 )

104
(6 )
102

(6)
(6)
106

(6)
(6)
(6)

(6)
(6)
(6)

109
(6)
107

100
(6 )
(6 )

100
(6 )

100

159

(6 )

( 6)

111

113

118

102

114

107

109

108

130
(6 )
1 13
96
(6)

100

S e e f o o t n o t e a t end o f t a b l e s .

NOTE:
T a b l e s A - 8 a n d A - 9 p r e s e n t t h e a v e r a g e p a y r e l a t i o n s h i p b e t w e e n p a i r s o f o c c u p a t i o n s w it h i n e s t a b l i s h m e n t s .
For
d i r e c t l y a b o v e in t h e h e a d i n g a r e 22 p e r c e n t g r e a t e r t ha n e a r n i n g s f o r t h e o c c u p a t i o n d i r e c t l y t o th e l e f t in the stub .
S im ilarly,
a r e 15 p e r c e n t b e l o w e a r n i n g s f o r th e o c c u p a t i o n in th e stub .
S ee a ppen dix A f o r m e th o d o f com p utation.




12

e x a m p l e , a v a l u e o f 122 i n d i c a t e s th a t e a r n i n g s f o r t h e o c c u p a t i o n
a v a l u e o f 85 i n d i c a t e s e a r n i n g s f o r t h e o c c u p a t i o n in t h e h e a d i n g

Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks, Gary—HammondEast Chicago, Ind., October 1979
Inex perien ced typists
M inim um w eek ly stra igh t-tim e s a la r y 7
industries

ESTABLISHBE NTS

STUDIED

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING A SP EC IF IE D
MINIMUM --------------------------------------------------------*115 .00
*120 .00
*125 .00
* 1 30 .00
*135 .00
*1 *0 .0 0
* 1 * 5 .0 0
* 1 50 .00
* 1 55 .00
*160 .00
*165 .00
*170 .00
*175 .00
*180 .00
*185 .00
*190 .00
* 1 95 .00
*200 .00
*205 .00
*210 .00
*215 .00
*220 .00
*225 .00
*230 .00
*235 .00
*2 *0 .0 0
* 2 *5.0 0
*250 .00
* 2 55 .00
* 2 60 .00
4265.00
*270 .30
*275 .00
*280 .00
*285 .00
*290 .00
* 2 95 .00
*300 .00
*305 .00
* 3 10 .00

AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
ANO
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
AND
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND
ANO

UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
under

UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
under

UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
und er

UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
OVER -

*120 .00
*125 .00
*130 .00
* 1 35 .00
*1 *0.0 0
*1 *5 .0 0
*150 .00
*155 .00
*160 .00
* 1 65 .00
* 1 70 .00
*175 .00
*180 .00
*185 .00
*190 .00
*195 .00
*200 .00
*205 .00
* 2 10 .00
* 2 15 .00
* 2 20 .00
*225 .00
* 2 30 .00
*235 .00
* 2 40 .00
* 2 45 .00
* 2 5 0 .0 0
* 2 55 .00
*260 .00
* 2 65 .00
* 2 70 .00
*275 .00
*280 .00
*285 .00
* 2 90 .00
* 2 95 .00
*300 .00
* 3 05 .00
*310 .00

Other in experienced cle rica l w o r k e r s 8

M anufacturing

108

18
2
2
1
2
1
~
1
1
1

Al l
schedules

Non m anufactu rin g

40

40

All
schedules

N on m anufactu rin g
All
schedules

40

40

XXX

108

31

XXX

77

XXX

10

5

33

16

14

17

10

2
2
1

1
-

5
4
i
*

2

31

1
-

-

1
1
1
2
1

1
1
1
2
“

XXX

77

8

8

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

5
4
1
3

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
-

1
1

2
2
-

2

1

1
1

1
-

1
-

i
i
i
3
1

-

-

1

1

1

-

-

1

-

3

3

3

-

-

_

”

-

-

1

1

1

2

2

2

-

_

~

“

_

1

1

1

1
1

-

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

2

1

1

1

1

1
1

-

1

1
-

-

-

-

1

1

1

-

:

-

1
1

:

-

1
1

-

1
1

-

1

1

1

ESTABLISHMENTS HAVING NO SPECI FIE D
MINIMUM -------------------------------------------------------------

3

-

XXX

3

ESTABLISHMENTS UHICH 0 1 0 NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THIS CATEGORY ---------------------

87

23

XXX

64

2

1

1

1

17

1

XXX

16

XXX

XXX

13

1

XXX

S ee fo o tn o te s at end o f ta b le s .




M anufacturing
industries

All
schedules

58

14

XXX

44

XXX




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production
and related workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
^ A jl_full-^im e_j|nanufacturin£^>roduction_and_j-elated^/oj-ke rs=_^£O jD <ircentj>
W o r k e r s o n l a t e s h i ft s

All w orkers 9
Item
S e c o n d s hi ft

T h i r d s h i ft

S e c o n d s hi ft

T h i r d s hi ft

9 7.1

97.1

2 7 .6

1 7.9

97.1
9 5.4
1 .7

97.1
95.4
1 .7

27*6
2 7 .0
.6

17.9
17.4
.5

19.6
3 .0

29.0

19.7
3 .0

3 .1
5 .1
2 .0
1 .8
78.0
.3
1 .5
3 .7

.7
1 .5
.6

"

1 .2
5 .1
1 .6
.1
.2
•8
.3
1 .5
7 6 .7
2 .1
.8
4 .4
.7

1 .7

-

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN ESTABLISHMENTS WITH L AT E-S HI FT

PROVISIONS

WITH NO PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR LA T E- S HI F T WORK
WITH PAY DIFFERENTIAL FOR L AT E- S H IF T WORK ----UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL -------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ----------------------OTHER DIFFERENTIAL ------------------------------------------------------

'

AVERAGE PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR DIFFERENTIAL ------------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE DIFFERENTIAL ----------------------------

"

2 9 .2

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY DIFFERENTIAL
UNIFORM
10
12
14
15
16
17
20
23
25
30
33
35
40
50

c en ts- per- hour:

CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS
CENTS

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

-

-

percentage:
3 PERCENT --------------------------------------------------------------------

1.0
.2
-

.4
2 2.0
.4
1 .5
-

(1 0 )
.3
14.8
.3
.2
.6
(1 0 )

uniform

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

14

.6

-

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers, Gary—HammondEast Chicago, Ind., October 1979
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s

O ffice w ork ers

Item
A ll industries

M anufacturing

N on m anufactu rin g

P u blic utilities

100

100

100

A l l in d u s t r i e s

M a nufa cturing

N o n m a n u f a c t u r ing

P u b l ic utilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS BY SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
WORKERS -------------------------

100

HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------HOURS -------------------------------------------------------------A OAYS -----------------------------------------------------------5 OAYS -----------------------------------------------------------3 2 1 / 2 HOURS-5 OAYS ------------------------------------35 HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------36 1 / 2 HOURS—5 DAYS ------------------------------------3 7 HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------3 7 1 / 2 HOURS-5 D A Y S ------------------------------------3 8 HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------4 0 HOURS -------------------------------------------------------------5 OAYS -----------------------------------------------------------5 1 / 2 DAYS --------------------------------------------------41 1 / 4 HOURS-5 OAYS ------------------------------------4 5 HOURS—5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------4 8 HOURS—6 DAYS ----------------------------------------------

(11)
(11)
(1 1 1

ALL

FULL-TIME

25
32

_

1 00

. .

. 1.Q0 .

100

10 0

_

_

-

1
2
2

1
1
-

-

3
3
-

3
3
7
11
(11)
75
75
(11)
-

(1 1 )
6
93
93
-

7
8
19
18
(1 1 )
45
45
(1 1 )
“

1
(11)
99
99
(ti>
“

3 9 .2

39.8

3 8 .1

4 0.0

(1 1 )
1
-

-

2
5
-

2
(11 )
94
94
(11 >
(1 1 )
2

97
97
3

9
(11)
79
79
(11)
(11)
1

96
95
1
1
4

4 0 .2

3 9.2

40.3

_

-

_

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL WEEKLY WORK SCHEDULES -----------------------

40.0

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




15

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
O ffice w orkers

P r o d u c t io n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in dustries

M anufacturing

Non m anufactu rin g

P u b lic utilities

A ll in dustries

M anufacturing

N on m anufactu rin g

P u b lic utilities

PERCENT OF UORKERS
UORKERS ------------------------

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ---------------------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------------------

10.3

100

100

100

1

-

8

_

99

10 0

92

1 0 .7

100

100

100

<11>

-

<11>

-

100

99

100

99

100

8 .4

1 0.8

10.2

10.7

9 .5

1
-

-

HOLIOAYS

FOR UORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS ----------------------------------

O

AVERAGE NUMBER OF PAID

10 0

M

ALL FULL-TIME

1 HOLIDAY -----------------------------------------------------------PLUS 4 HALF DAYS -----------------------------------2 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS I HALF DAY --------------------------------------3 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------5 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------6 HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF OAY --------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------------PLUS 3 HALF DAYS -----------------------------------7 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------B HOLIOAYS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS -----------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY -------------------------------------10 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------12 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY --------------------------------------13 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------------------------

1

PERCENT OF UORKERS RY NUMBER
OF PAID HOLIOAYS PROVIDED

<11>
-

-

<11)
<11)
<111
3
<11)
-

1
<11)
1
20
2
_
_

<11)
-

1
-

4
1
<11 )
1
6
_

1
<11>
1
4
_

20
4
< ii>
_

6
4
i
_

14
_

7
_

13
65
3
<11>

14
78
1
-

9
4
15
2

20
9
47
5

99
98
95
94
90
89
82
82
69
4
<11)

10 0
10 0
99
99
99
98
93
93
79
1
-

92
89
70
67
48
44
29
29
21
17
2

100
1 00
99
99
93
89
82
82
62
53
5

“
<11)
4
i
i
< iii
6
4
2
5
2
16
47
7
< 11 >
6

—
<111
~
<111
1
“
2
6
~
14
75
1
~

“
“
<11)
11
2
2
<11 )
15
9
2
2
6
18
1
15
<11 )
15

~
6
“
1
1
“
8
1
1
13
3
65
1

PERCENT OF UORKERS BY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PROVIDED12
2
1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------------A 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------------------9 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE --------------------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------12 DAYS OR MORE ---------------------------------------------12 1 / 2 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------------13 DAYS ----------------------------------------------------------------

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




16

99
99
95
95
88
84
77
75
59
13
6
6

100
100
99
99
99
99
91
91
76
1

99
99
88
87
69
60
56
50
32
31
16
15

100
100
94
94
92
92
83
82
69
65
1

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
O ffice w ork ers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll industries

M a nufacturing

N on m anufactu rin g

100

100

100

(111

-

P u blic utilities

A ll in dustries

M anufacturing

N onmanufacturing

P u b lic utilities

1 00

100

100

100

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FULL-TIME

WORKERS ---------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ---------------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS ---------------------------------LENGTH-OF-TIME PAYMENT ------------PERCENTAGE PAYMENT ---------------------OTHER PAYMENT ---------------------------------AMOUNT OF PAID

-

1

-

_

_

_

100
97
3
( 111

99
99

10 0
10 0

100
100

-

10 0
99
(111
(111

100
100

-

1 00
99
(1 1 1
(111

-

-

4
3
-

5
1

1
12

16
“

2
58
7

3
81
2

1
22
15

27

“

88
3
8
1

92
3
5
1

15

7

27

65

8A
(1 1 1
1

90
(111
2

73
(11 1

35

99
97
2
(11)

VACATION A F T E R : 13

6 MONTHS OF S E R V IC E:
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------------I
WEEK --------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
1 YEAR OF SE RV IC E:
1 WEEK ----------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------

&7
1
26
4
i

79
1A
5
1

3 YEARS OF S F RV IC E:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------

< ii)
92
5
2

92
5
3

A YEARS OF SF R V I C E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------

(11 >
92
5
2

92
5
3

5 YEARS OF SE RV IC E:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS

(111
79
1
17
3

80
~
17
3

YEARS OF SE RV IC E:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------2 WEEKS -------------------------------------3 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS
A WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER A AND UNDER 5 WEEKS

71
4
2A
(111

63
12
25
-

2 YEARS OF SE RV IC E:
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -------------------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS --------------------------------------

10

100

(1 1 )
2
82
3
9
3

_

_

_

_
8A
3
9
3

12
4
82
(1 1 1
(1 1 1

12
88
-

1
9A
4
(in

88
12

2

_

_

i
9A
A
(111

88
12
“

(111
7A
7
18

77
21
2

_

-

(111
10
7A
4
ii

83
12
5

"

A

:

1

-

~

-

91
3
3

92
1
A

91
8
1

_
9A
3
3

•

_

100
-

91
8
1

95
1
4

91
8
1

1 00
-

65
23
11
”

99
1
*

_

_

_

60
9
31
(111

56
(111
A3
(111

_

_

1
83
5
12

_

95
1
A

_

9A
3
3

i
99
“

79
3
18

_

_

3
88
8
i

(111
98
-

1
‘

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

17

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979— Continued
O ffice w ork ers

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in dustries

AMOUNT OF PAID
CONTINUEO
12

15

20

25

30

M anufacturing

P u b lic utilities

N onm anufacturing

All industries

M anufacturing

Non m anufactu rin g

P u b lic utilities

VACATION AFTER 13-

YEARS OF SE R V IC E :
1 WEEK ---------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ------------------------------------------3 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS -------------------------------------------

(1 1 )
2
80
2
12
3
1

YEARS OF S ER V IC E!
1 UEEK ---------------------------------------------2 UEEKS -------------------------------------------3 UEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 UEEKS ---5 UEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 UEEKS —

(11 )
1
73
(1 1 )
18
2
2
3

YEARS OF SER VI CE !
1 UEEK ---------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ------------------------------------------3 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS -------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 UEEKS —
6 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 UEEKS —
YEARS OF SER V IC E!
1 UEEK ---------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ------------------------------------------3 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS -------------------------------------------6 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 UEEKS —
7 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER
7 AND UNOER
8 UEEKS —
YEARS OF SE RV IC E!
1 UEEK ---------------------------------------------2 UEEKS ------------------------------------------3 U E E K S ------------------------* -----------------•
OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 UEEKS —
4 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 UEEKS —
5 UEEKS ------------------------------------------6 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER
6 AND UNDER
7 UEEKS —
OVER
7 AND UNOER
8 UEEKS —
8 UEEKS ------------------------------------------OVER 8 AND UNOER 9 UEEKS —

(1 1 )
1
7
76
(11 )
9
( i i )
5

(ii >
i
5

83
1
12
3

-

81
“

13
2
1
3

_
-

4
“
81

(1 1 )
10
67
6
10
1
5

(11)
7
36
2
43
1
9

-

25
5
54
3
12

(11)
7
21

1

9
“
5

4

12

(

_

i d

7
17

(11 )
1
5

_

8
(11 )
72
7
1
4
1
1

5
~
86
-

4
1
1

-

3
_

4
-

80
7
-

4
1
1

29
(11)
40
2
4

(1 1 )
7
17

-

-

-

29
(11)
35
7
4

65
9
12

1
13
-

-

-

2
40
23
35
(11 )

(1 1 )
21

-

7
(1 1 )
93

9

-

79

_

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

1
9
3
75
(11)
12
-

-

2
18
8
71
(11 )
1

(1 1 )
5

3
(1 1 )
78
-

19

-

-

_

_
-

-

_

-

93
-

1

-

_

88

2
16
8
36
15
23

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
8
3
19
6
63

1
8
3
15
(11)
70
3

3
(1 1 )
9
-

-

3
(11)
8
84
5

2
16
8
26
(1 1 )
47
1

(1 1 )
5
-

13
-

81

(1 1 )
5
13
“

81
1
“

-

-

—

"

See fo o tn o te s at end o f t a b le s .




-

1
20
9
71
(11)

(1 1 )
91

-

1
13
“
71
3
12

-

9
( i i )
78
(11 )
4
1
1

3
85
8
4

_
77
5
1
3

3

79
2
19

”

~

51
2
12
1

_

-

1
81
4
13
-

77
18
2
3

18

“

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979— Continued
O ffice w ork er s

P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll in dustries

Manufacturing

P u b l ic utilities

N onm anufacturing

A ll in dustries

M anufacturing

N on m anufactu rin g

P u b lic utilities

AROUNT OF PAIO VACATION AFTER 13CONTINUED
NAxmun va ca tion a v a i l a b l e :
1 UEEK ------------------------------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------3 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS ------------4 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS ------------5 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 6 AND UNDER 7 WEEKS ------------OVER 7 AND UNDER 8 WEEKS ------------8 WEEKS ----------------------------------------------------OVER 9 WEEKS -----------------------------------------

(1 1 )
1
5
8
(1 1 1
72
7
1
4
1
1

3
“
4
80
7
4
1
1

(11)
7
17
29
(11)
35
7
4
-

1
13
65
9
12
-

19

-

3
(1 1 )
8
-

84
5

2
16
8
26
(11 )
32
17

(11)
5
-

13
-

81
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




1
8
3
15
(11)
64
9

-

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
O ffice w o rk e r s

P r o d u c t i o n an d r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
Item
A ll industries

M anufacturing

Non m anufactu rin g

P u b lic utilities

A l l in dustries

M anuf a c t u r ing

N o n m a nu f a c t u r ing

P u b lic u tilities

PERCENT OF WORKERS
ALL FUL L-T IRE

WORKERS --------------

100

10 0

100

100

100

100

100

100

IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIOING AT
LEAST ONE OF THE BENEFITS
SHOWN BELOW14---------------------------------------

99

1 00

99

100

100

100

100

100

100
98

96
78

99
55

L IFE INSURANCE ------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------

99
92

1 00
98

94
65

100
66

98
90

ACCIDENTAL DEATH AND
DISMEMBERMENT INSURANCE -------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS ----------------

46
42

37
36

88
67

99
72

49
42

31
30

79
62

99
55

SICKNESS AND ACCIOEMT INSURANCE
OR SICK LEAVE OR BOTH15----------------

96

100

76

97

99

100

97

99

93
91

99
99

61
55

97
91

72
71

84
84

54
51

96
91

9

5

30

24

57

48

70

44

2

1

9

-

5

4

6

3

LONG-TERM D I S A B I L I T Y
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------------

11
11

11
11

12
11

20
20

46
43

46
44

46
42

34
34

HOSPITALIZATION INSURANCE -----------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -----------------

99
91

100
97

93
61

100
67

99
84

100
99

99
59

100
56

SURGICAL INSURANCE ---------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -----------------

99
91

100
97

93
61

100
67

99
84

100
99

99
59

100
56

MEDICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -----------------

98
90

100
97

88
57

10 0
67

99
84

100
99

99
59

100
56

MAJOR MEDICAL INSURANCE ----------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -----------------

97
89

100
97

84
54

100
67

99
80

1 00
95

98
57

100
56

DENTAL INSURANCE --------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -----------------

83
81

93
92

33
25

53
47

71
65

88
88

44
26

40
40

RETIREMENT PENSION ---------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORY PLANS -----------------

99
94

100
10 0

68
64

96
90

93
91

95
93

90
89

92
90

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------NONCONTRIBUTORY PLANS -----------SICK LEAVE (FULL PAY AND NO
WAITING PERIOD) ---------------------------SICK LEAVE (PARTIAL PAY OR
WAITING ° E R 1 0 0 ) ----------------------------

See footnotes

at en d o f t a b l e s .




20

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
A ll in dustries

Item

All
p l a n s 16

O ffice w ork ers

M anuf a c t u r ing

N on contribu tory
p l a n s 16

All
p l a n s 16

N on contribu tory
p l a n s 16

A ll in dustries
All
p l a n s 16

M a n u f a c t u r in g

N on contribu tory
p l a n s 16

All
p l a n s 16

N oncontributory
p l a n s 16

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE

ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS ARE PROVIDED THE SAME
FLAT-SUM DOLLAR AMOUNT!
PERCENT OF ALL FULL -TIME WORKERS17----------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I O E D ! 18
M E A N ---------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) --------MIDDLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) ---------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SP EC IF IE D OOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SP ECI FIE D LENGTH OF SERVICE!
PERCENT OF ALL FUL L-TIME WORKERS17-----------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDEO 18 AFTER!
6 MONTHS OF SER V IC E!
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ---------------MIDOLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) ---------------1 YEAR OF SERV ICE!
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN ------------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE < 5 0 PERCENT) ---------------MIDDLE RANGE < 80 PERCENT) ---------------5 YEARS OF SERVICE!
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------M E D I A N --------------------------- --------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ---------------MIDOLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) ---------------1 0 YEARS OF SER VI CE !
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANGE < 5 0 PERCENT) ---------------MIDDLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) ---------------2 0 YEARS OF SER V IC E!
M E A N ----------------------------------------------------------------NEOIAN -----------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 5 0 PERCENT) ---------------MIDOLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) ----------------

27
$9*000
* 6 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 2 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

1

2A
* 9 .3 0 0
* 7 .5 0 0
(5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 2 .5 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

<11)

20

<111

-

<6 )
<6>
<6 )
<6)

<6 )

-

<6 )
<61

“
“

_
-

<6 )
<6 )

< A)
<6 )

-

_

-

-

<6 )
<6 )

<61

-

-

<A )

-

-

<6
<6
<6
<6

)
)
)
)

<6 >
<6 )
<61

_

_

<6
<6
<6
<6

)
)
>
)

<6 )
<6 )

*2 .5 0 0
*3 .3 0 0
* 1 .0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
* 1 .0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

<6 )

_

< A)

-

*2 .9 0 0
*3 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
* 2 .0 0 0 - 5.0 0 0
*2 .9 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

<6 )
<6 >

it

<11)

* 1 .6 0 0
*1 .5 0 0
* 8 0 0 - 1 .5 3 0
* 8 0 0 - A. 0 0 0

<6 >
<6 )

11

-

<61
(6)
<6 )

13

-

*1 .1 0 0
*1 .0 0 0
* 5 0 0 - 1 .0 0 0
* 5 0 0 - 3 .0 0 0

<6 >

1A

*10.9 00
*10.0 00
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 7 .0 0 0
(3 .0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0

-

_

”

*6 .8 0 0
*5 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

* 7 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

* 7 .5 0 0
* 5 .5 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0
*5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

* 7 .5 0 0
* 5 .5 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

-

_

<61

-

-

<61

-

-

<61

_

_

(A )

-

-

<6 )

-

-

<6 )

-

-

<6 )
<61

“

<6 )

*

<6 )

_

-

<6 )

<61

-

-

-

-

<6 >
<6 >
<6 )

<6 )
<6 )

“
“

-

<6 )
<6 >
<6 )

-

See footnotes at end o f tables.




19

* 1 1.0 00
*10.0 00
* 6 .0 0 0 -1 2 .7 0 0
* 3 .0 0 0 -2 5 .0 0 0

21

<61

<6 )

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Gary—Hammond—East Chicago, Ind., October 1979— Continued
P r o d u c t i o n and r e l a t e d w o r k e r s
A l l in dustries

Item

All
p l a n s 16

O ffice w ork ers
A ll in dustries

M anufacturing

N on contribu tory
p l a n s 16

All
p l a n s 16

N on contribu tory
pl a n s 16

All
p l a n s 16

M anufacturing

N on contribu tory
p l a n s 16

All
p l a n s 16

Non contribu tory
p l a n s 18

TYPE OF PLAN AND AMOUNT
OF INSURANCE-CONTINUED

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S RASEO ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SP ECI FIE D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SP ECI FIE D AMOUNT OF EARNINGS:
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS17--------------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDED18 I F ;
ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 5 , 0 0 0 1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 80 PERCENT) ------------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 0 . 0 0 0 :
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 80 PERCENT) ------------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 1 5 . 0 0 0 1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANGE <50 PERCENT) ------------------------MIODLE RANGE < 80 PERCENT) ------------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE * 2 0 . 3 0 0 1
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------HEOIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 80 PERCENT) -------------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
ANNUAL E A R N I N G S ! 19
PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS17 --------------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINGS USED TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF I N S U R A N C E : 18
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------MIODLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 80 PERCENT) ------------------------PERCENT OF ALL FULL-TIME WORKERS COVEREO BY
PLANS NOT SP ECIF YING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF ALL FULL -TIME WORKERS COVERED BY
PLANS SPECIFYING A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE -----------------------------------------------------------------------------SP ECIFIED MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF INSURANCE: 18
M E A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------MIOOLE RANGE < 50 PERCENT) ------------------------MIDDLE RANGE < 8 0 PERCENT) -------------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S BASED ON SOME OTHER TYPE
of p l a n :
PERCENT OF ALL FUL L-TIME WORKERS17---------------------------

61

61

73

34

33

51

51

$8*900
*1 0.0 00
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

* 8 .9 0 0
*1 0.0 00
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0

*8 .9 0 0
*10.0 00
* 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

S8v 900
*1 0,0 00
* 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
* 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0

*9 ,2 0 0
*9 ,0 0 0
* 9 .0 0 0 -1 1 ,0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

* 9 .2 0 0
*9 ,0 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
* 5 .0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0

* 9 .5 0 0
* 9 .0 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
* 9 , OOC—1 1 . 0 0 0

* 9 ,5 0 0
(9 ,00 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 ,0 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 ,0 0 0

*9 .9 0 0
*1 0.0 00
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

* 9 .8 0 0
*10.0 00
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

*9 .8 0 0
(1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .0 0 0 -1 0 .5 0 0

* 9 ,8 0 0
(1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
* 8 ,0 0 0 -1 0 ,5 0 0

*1 1,2 00
(1 0 ,5 0 0
*9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 ,0 0 0
*9 .0 0 0 -1 4 ,5 0 0

* 1 1.1 00
* 1 0.5 00
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 4 .5 0 0

*11.1 00
*10.5 00
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 ,0 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 4 ,5 0 0

(1 1 ,1 0 0
* 1 0,5 00
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 1 .0 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 4 ,5 0 0

*1 1.1 00
*10.000
* 8 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

* 1 0.9 00
*10.0 00
* 8 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 .5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*10*990
*1 0.0 00
* 8 .5 0 0 -1 0 .0 0 0
* 8 ,5 0 0 -1 2 ,5 0 0

(1 0 ,9 0 0
*1 0,0 00
* 8 ,5 0 0 -1 0 ,0 0 0
* 8 ,5 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*1 3.6 00
*1 2.5 00
* 9 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 9 .0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

* 1 3.4 00
* 1 2.5 00
(9 .0 0 0 -1 2 ,5 0 0
* 9 .0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

* 1 3,3 00
(1 2 ,5 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

* 1 3.3 00
* 1 2.5 00
* 9 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0
* 9 ,0 0 0 -2 2 .0 0 0

*13.000
*11.500
* 1 0 .0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
*1 0.0 00 -1 2.5 00

*1 2.8 00
*1 1.5 00
(1 0 .0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
*1 0.0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

(1 2 ,8 0 0
(1 1 .5 0 0
*1 0 .0 0 0 -1 2 .0 0 0
*1 0 .0 0 0 -1 2 .5 0 0

*1 2.8 00
*1 1,5 00
*1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 2 ,0 0 0
*1 0 ,0 0 0 -1 2 ,5 0 0

*1 7.100
*1 6.5 00
*1 0 .5 0 0 -1 6 ,5 0 0
*1 0 .5 0 0 -2 9 ,5 0 0

(1 6 ,9 0 0
* 1 6,5 00
*1 0,5 00 -1 6,5 00
*1 0.5 00 -2 9.5 00

* 1 6,7 00
*1 2 ,5 0 0
*1 0,5 00 -1 6.5 00
*1 0 .5 0 0 -2 9 ,5 0 0

*16,7 00
* 1 2,5 00
*1 0 ,5 0 0 -1 6 .5 0 0
*1 0 .5 0 0 -2 9 .5 0 0

8

1 .A 9
1 .5 0
1 .5 0 -1 .5 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

6

2
*41.400
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

1

1 .4 4
<6 )
<6>
<6 )

6

7

6

1 .6 1
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

5

<61
<6 )
<6 )
<61

5

6

1

1

1

<61
<6 )
<6 )
<61

(6)
< 6)
<6>
<6 >

<6>
<6>
<6 )
(6 )

1

-

S ee footn otes at end o f ta b le s .




73

22

-

36

1 .3 1
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

16

19
*1 75 .30 0
<6 )
<6 )
<6 )

11

30

1 .2 6
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0

16

15
*2 18 ,00 0
<6 )
<6>
<6 )

10

36

35

1*08
<61
<6 )
<61

1 .0 5
<6 )
<61
<6 )

13

12

23
<6 )
<6>
<6 )
<6 )

2

23
<6
<6
<6
<6

>
)
)
)

2

Footnotes

Some of these standard footnotes may not apply to this bulletin.

1 Standard hours reflect the workweek for which employees receive
their regular straight-tim e salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at re g ­
ular and/or prem ium rates), and the earnings correspond to these weekly
hours.
2 The mean is computed for each job by totaling the earnings of
all workers and dividing by the number of workers. The median desig­
nates position— half of the workers receive the same or m ore and half r e ­
ceive the same or le ss than the rate shown. The middle range is defined
by two rates of pay; a fourth of the workers earn the same or less than
the lower of these rates and a fourth earn the same or more than the
higher rate.
3 Earnings data relate only to workers whose sex identification was
provided by the establishment.
4 Excludes premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
5 Estim ates for periods ending prior to 1976 relate to men only for
skilled maintenance and unskilled plant workers. All other estimates r e ­
late to men and women.
6 Data do not meet publication criteria or data not available.
7 Form ally established minimum regular straight-time hiring sa l­
aries that are paid for standard workweeks. Data are presented for all
standard workweeks combined, and for the most common standard work­
weeks reported.
8 Excludes workers in subclerical jobs such as m essenger.
9 Includes all production and related workers in establishments
currently operating late shifts, and establishments whose formal provisions
cover late shifts, even though the establishments were not currently
operating late shifts.
10 Less than 0.05 percent.
1 L ess than 0.5 percent.
1
12 All combinations of full and half days that add to the same amount;
for exam ple, the proportion of workers receiving a total of 10 days
includes those with 10 full days and no half days, 9 full days and 2
half days, 8 full days and 4 half days, and so on. Proportions then
were cumulated.




1 Includes payments other than "length of t i m e ," such as percentage
3
of annual earnings or flat-sum payments, converted to an equivalent time
basis; for example, 2 percent of annual earnings was considered as 1 week's
pay. Periods of service are chosen arbitrarily and do not necessarily reflect
individual provisions for progression; for example, changes in proportions
at 10 years include changes between b and 10 years. Estimates are cumula­
tive. Thus, the proportion eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after 10 years
includes those eligible for at least 3 weeks' pay after fewer years of service.
14 Estim ates listed after type of benefit are for all plans for which
at least a part of the cost is borne by the employer. "Noncontributory
plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer. Excluded are
legally required plans, such as w orkers' disability compensation, social se ­
curity, and railroad retirement.
1 Unduplicated total of workers receiving sick leave or sickness and
5
accident insurance shown separately below. Sick leave plans are limited to
those which definitely establish at least the minimum number of days' pay
that each employee can expect. Informal sick leave allowances determined
on an individual basis are excluded.
16 Estim ates under "A ll plans" relate to all plans for which at least
a part of the cost is borne by the em ployer. Estimates under "Noncontrib­
utory plans" include only those financed entirely by the employer.
37 For "A ll in d u strie s," all full-tim e production and related workers
or office workers equal 100 percent. For "M anufacturing," all full-tim e
production and related workers or office workers in manufacturing equal 100
percent.
18 The mean amount is computed by multiplying the number of
workers provided insurance by the amount of insurance provided, totaling
the products, and dividing the sum by the number of workers. The median
indicates that half of the workers are provided an amount equal to or smaller
and half an amount equal to or larger than the amount shown. Middle
range (50 percent)— a fourth of the workers are provided an amount equjd to
or le ss than the sm aller amount and a fourth are provided an amount equal
to or m ore than the larger amount. Middle range (80 percent)— 10 percent of
the workers are provided an amount equal to or less than the sm aller
amount and 10 percent are provided an amount equal to or more than the
larger amount.
19 A factor of annual earnings is the number by which annual earnings
are multiplied to determine the amount of insurance provided. For example,
a factor of 2 indicates that for annual earnings of $ 10,000 the amount of
insurance provided is $ 20, 000.

23

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each of the 72 1 areas currently surveyed, the Bureau obtains
wages and related benefits data from representative establishments within
six broad industry divisions: Manufacturing; transportation, communication,
and other public utilities; wholesale trade; retail trade; finance, insurance,
and real estate; and services. Government operations and the construction
and extractive industries are excluded. Establishments having fewer than a
prescribed number of workers are also excluded because of insufficient
employment in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
of establishments and workers estimated to be within the scope of this
survey, as well as the number actually studied.
Bureau field representatives obtain data by personal visits at 3-y ear
intervals. In each of the two intervening y ears, information on employment
and occupational earnings only is collected by a combination of personal
visit, m ail questionnaire, and telephone interview from establishments
participating in the previous survey.

A sample of the establishments in the scope of the survey is
selected for study prior to each personal visit survey. This sam ple, less
establishments which go out of business or are no longer within the industrial
scope of the survey, is retained for the following two annual surveys. In
most ca ses, establishments new to the area are not considered in the scope
of the survey until the selection of a sample for a personal visit survey.

Occupations selected for study are common to a variety of manufac­
turing and nonmanufacturing industries, and are of the following types: ( 1)
Office clerical; (2) professional and technical; (3) maintenance, toolroom,
and powerplant; and (4) material movement and custodial. Occupational
classification is based on a uniform set of job descriptions designed to take
account of interestablishment variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected for study are listed and described in appendix B.
Unless otherwise indicated, the earnings data following the job titles
are for all industries combined. Earnings data for some of the occupations
listed and described, or for some industry divisions within the scope of the
survey, are not presented in the A -s e r ie s tables because either (1) employ­
ment in the occupation is too small to provide enough data to m erit presen­
tation, or (2) there is possibility of disclosure of individual establishment
data. Separate men's and women's earnings data are not presented when the
number of workers not identified by sex is 20 percent or more of the men
or women identified in an occupation. Earnings data not shown separately
for industry divisions are included in data for all industries combined.
Likewise, for occupations with more than one level, data are included in
the overall classification when a subclassification is not shown or information
to subclassify is not available.
Occupational employment and earnings data are shown for full-tim e
workers, i .e ., those hired to work a regular weekly schedule. Earnings
data exclude premium pay for overtime and for work on weekends, holidays,
and late shifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but cost-of-livin g
allowances and incentive bonuses are included. Weekly hours for office
clerical and professional and technical occupations refer to the standard
workweek (rounded to the nearest half hour) for which employees receive
regular straight-time salaries (exclusive of pay for overtime at regular
and/or premium rates). Average weekly earnings for these occupations
are rounded to the nearest half dollar. Vertical lines within the distribution
of workers on some A -tables indicate a change in the size of the class
intervals.

The sampling procedures involve detailed stratification of all
establishments within the scope of an individual area survey by industry
and number of em ployees. From this stratified universe a probability
sample is selected, with each establishment having a predetermined chance
of selection.
To obtain optimum accuracy at minimum cost, a greater
proportion of large than sm all establishments is selected.
When data are
combined, each establishment is weighted according to its probability of
selection so that unbiased estimates are generated.
For example, if one
out of four establishments is selected, it is given a weight of 4 to represent
itself plus three others. An alternate of the same original probability is
chosen in the same indu stry-size classification if data are not available
from the original sample m em ber. If no suitable substitute is available,
additional weight is assigned to a sample m em ber that is sim ilar to the
m issing unit.

These surveys measure the level of occupational earnings in an area
at a particular tim e. Comparisons of individual occupational averages over
time may not reflect expected wage changes.
The averages for individual
jobs are affected by changes in wages and employment patterns. For example,
proportions of workers employed by high- or low-wage firm s may change,
or high-wage workers may advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
workers at lower rates. Such shifts in employment oould decrease an
occupational average even though most establishments in an area increase
wages during the year. Changes in earnings of occupational groups, shown in
table A -7 , are better indicators of wage trends than are earnings changes for
individual jobs within the groups.

Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited
area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the
U. S. Department of Labor.




Occupations and earnings

24

Average earnings reflect composite, areawide estim ates. Industries
and establishments differ in pay level and job staffing, and thus contribute
differently to the estim ates for each job.
Pay averages may fail to reflect
accurately the wage differential among jobs in individual establishments.
Average pay levels for men and women in selected occupations
should not be assumed to reflect differences in pay of the sexes within
individual establishm ents.
Factors which may contribute to differences
include progression within established rate ranges (only the rates paid
incumbents are collected) and performance of specific duties within the
general survey job descriptions. Job descriptions used to classify employees
in these surveys usually are m ore generalized than those used in individual
establishments and allow for minor differences among establishments in
specific duties perform ed.
Occupational employment estimates represent the total in all estab­
lishments within the scope of the study and not the number actually surveyed.
Because occupational structures among establishments differ, estimates of
occupational employment obtained from the sample of establishments studied
serve only to indicate the relative importance of the jobs studied.
These
differences in occupational structure do not affect materially the accuracy of
the earnings data.

Skilled maintenanc
Continued

Unskilled plant

Mechanics (motor vehicle)
Pipefitters
Tool and die makers

Janitors, porters, and
cleaners
Material handling laborers

Percent changes for individual areas in the program are computed
as follows:
1. Average earnings are computed for each occupation for
the 2 years being compared. The averages are derived
from earnings in those establishments which are in the
survey both years; it is assumed that employment
remains unchanged.
2.

Each occupation is assigned a weight based on its
proportionate employment in the occupational group in
the base year.

3.

These weights are used to compute group averages.
Each occupation's average earnings (computed in step 1)
is multiplied by its weight.
The products are totaled
to obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group averages for 2 consecutive years is
computed by dividing the average for the current year
by the average for the earlier year.
The result—
expressed as a percent— less 100 is the percent change.

Wage trends for selected occupational groups
The percent increases presented in table A -7 are based on changes
in average hourly earnings of men and women in establishments reporting
the trend jobs in both the current and previous year (matched establishments).
The data are adjusted to remove the effect on average earnings of em ploy­
ment shifts among establishments and turnover of establishments included
in survey sam ples.
The percent increases, however, are still affected by
factors other than wage increases. Hirings, layoffs, and turnover may
affect an establishment average for an occupation when workers are paid
under plans providing a range of wage rates for individual jobs. In periods
of increased hiring, for example, new employees may enter at the bottom
of the range, depressing the average without a change in wage rates.
The percent changes relate to wage changes between the indicated
dates, When the tim e span between surveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates are also shown. (It is assumed that wages increase at a constant
rate between surveys.)
Occupations used to compute wage trends are:
Office clerical

Electronic data processing 2

Secretaries
Stenographers, senior
Stenographers, general
T yp ists, cla sses A and B
File c lerk s, cla sses A ,
B, and C
M essengers
Switchboard operators
Order c lerk s, c la sses
A and B
Accounting clerk s,
c la sses A and B
P ayroll clerks
Key entry operators,
cla sses A and B

Computer systems analysts,
classes A , B, and C
Computer program m ers,
classes A , B, and C
Industrial nurses
Registered industrial
nurses
Skilled maintenance
Carpenters
Electricians
Painters
Machinists
Mechanics (machinery'

2
The earnings o f computer operators are not included
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is




For a more detailed description of the method used to compute
these wage trends
see "Improving Area Wage Survey Indexes," Monthly
Labor Review, January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
Average pay relationships within establishments
Relative m easures of occupational pay are presented in table A -8
for white-collar occupations and in table A -9 for blue-collar occupations.
These relative values reflect differences in pay between occupations within
individual establishments. Relative pay values are computed by dividing an
establishment's average earnings for an occupation being compared by the
average for another occupation (designated as 100) and multiplying the
quotient by 100. For example, if janitors in a firm average $4 an hour and
forklift operators $ 5 , forklift operators have a relative pay value of 125
compared with janitors. ($ 5 -j- $ 4 = 1.25 x 100 = 125.)
In combining the
relatives of the individual establishments to arrive at an overall average,
each establishment is considered to have as many relatives as it has
weighted workers in the two jobs being compared.
Pay relationships based on overall averages may differ considerably
because of the varying contribution of high- and low-wage establishments to
the averages.
For example, the overall average hourly earnings for forklift
operators may be 50 percent m ore than the average for janitors because the
average for forklift operators may be strongly influenced by earnings in
high-wage establishments while the average for janitors may be strongly
influenced by earnings in low-wage establishments. In such a case, the
intra-establishment relationship will indicate a much sm aller difference in
earnings.
Establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions

The incidence of selected establishment practices and supplementary
wage provisions is studied for fu ll-tim e production and related workers and
office w orkers.
Production and related workers (referred to hereafter as
in the wage trend computation for this group.
production workers) include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory
not equivalent to the previous description.

workers (including group leaders and trainees) engaged in fabricating,
processing, assem bling, inspection, receiving, storage, handling, pack­
ing, warehousing, shipping, maintenance, repair, janitorial and guard s e r ­
v ices, product development, auxiliary production for plant’ s own use
(e .g ., powerplant), and recordkeeping and other services closely a sso c i­
ated with the above production operations. (Cafeteria and route workers
are excluded in manufacturing industries but included in nonmanufacturing
industries.) In finance and insurance, no workers are considered to be
production workers. Office workers include working supervisors and all nonsupervisory workers (including lead workers and trainees) performing
clerical or related office functions in such departments as accounting,
advertising, purchasing, collection, credit, finance, legal, payroll, personnel,
sa les, industrial relations, public relations, executive, or transportation.
Administrative, executive, professional, and part-tim e employees as well
as construction workers utilized as separate work forces are excluded from
both the production and office worker categories.
Minimum entrance salaries (table B - l ) . Minimum entrance salaries
for office workers relate only to the establishments visited. Because of the
optimum sampling techniques used and the probability that large establish­
ments are m ore likely than sm all establishments to have formal entrance
rates above the subclerical level, the table is m ore representative of policies
in medium and large establishments.
(The " X ' s " shown under standard
weekly hours indicate that no meaningful totals are applicable.)
Shift differentials— manufacturing (table B -2 ). Data were collected
on policies of manufacturing establishments regarding pay differentials for
production workers on late shifts. Establishments considered as having
policies are those which ( 1) have provisions in writing covering the operation
of late shifts, or (2) have operated late shifts at any time during the 12
months preceding a survey.
When establishments have several differentials
which vary by job, the differential applying to the m ajority of the production
workers is recorded.
When establishments have differentials which apply
only to certain hours of work, the differential applying to the m ajority of
the shift hours is recorded.
For purposes of this study, a late shift is either a second (evening)
shift which ends at or near midnight or a third (night) shift which starts at
or near midnight.
Differentials for second and third shifts are summ arized separately
for ( 1) establishment policies (an establishment's differentials are weighted
by all production workers in the establishment at the time of the survey)
and (2) effective practices (an establishment's differentials are weighted by
production workers employed on the specified shift at the time of the survey).
Scheduled weekly hours; paid holidays; paid vacations; and health,
insurance"^ and pension plans.
Provisions which apply to a majority of the
production or office workers in an establishment are considered to apply to
all production or office workers in the establishment; a practice or provision
is considered nonexistent when it applies to less than a majority.
Holidays;
vacations; and health, insurance, and pension plans are considered applicable
to employees currently eligible for the benefits as well as to employees who
will eventually become eligible.
Scheduled weekly hours and days (table B -3 ). Scheduled weekly
hours and days refer to the number of hours and days per week which fu ll­
time first (day) shift workers are expected to work, whether paid for at
straight-tim e or overtime rates.
Paid holidays (table B -4 ).
Holidays are included if workers who
are not required, to work are paid for the tim e off and those required to
work receive premium pay or compensatory time off.
They are included
only if they are granted annually on a form al basis (provided for in




written form or established by custom). Holidays
in a particular year they fall on a nonworkday
granted another day off. Paid personal holiday
the automobile and related industries, are included

are included even though
and employees are not
plans, typically found in
as paid holidays.

Data are tabulated to show the percent of workers who (1) are
granted specific numbers of whole and half holidays and (2) are granted
specified amounts of total holiday time (whole and half holidays are
aggregated).
Paid vacations (table B -5 ). Establishments report their method of
calculating vacation pay (time basis, percent of annual earnings, flat-sum
payment, etc.) and the amount of vacation pay granted. Only basic formal
plans are reported. Vacation bonuses, vacation-savings plans, and "extended"
or "sabbatical" benefits beyond basic plans are excluded.
For tabulating vacation pay granted, all provisions are expressed
on a time basis. Vacation pay calculated on other than a time basis is
converted to its equivalent time period. Two percent of annual earnings,
for example, is tabulated as 1 week's vacation pay.
A lso , provisions after each specified length of service are related
to all production or office workers in an establishment regardless of length of
service. Vacation plans commonly provide for a larger amount of vacation
pay as service lengthens. Counts of production or office workers by length
of service were not obtained. The tabulations of vacation pay granted
present, therefore, statistical m easures of these provisions rather than
proportions of workers actually receiving specific benefits.
Health, insurance, and pension plans (tables B - 6 and B -7 ) . Health,
insurance, and pension plans include plans for which the employer pays
either all or part of the cost. The cost may be (1) underwritten by a
com m ercial insurance company or nonprofit organization, (2 ) covered by a
union fund to which the employer has contributed, or (3) borne directly by
the employer out of operating funds or a fund set aside to cover the cost.
A plain is included even though a m ajority of the employees in an establish­
ment do not choose to participate in it because they are required to bear
part of its cost (provided the choice to participate is available or will
eventually become available to a m ajority). Legally required plans such as
social security, railroad retirement, w orkers' disability compensation, and
temporary disability insurance 3 are excluded.

3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with the
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance A ct) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

Life insurance includes formal plans providing indemnity (usually
through an insurance policy) in case of death of the covered worker.
Information is also provided in table B -7 on types of life insurance plans
and the amount of coverage ip all industries combined and in manufacturing.
Accidental death and dismemberment insurance is limited to plans
which provide benefit payments in case of death or loss of limb or sight as a
direct result of an accident.

Labor-management agreement coverage
The following tabulation shows the percent of full-tim e production
and office workers employed in establishments in the Gary—
Hammond—
East
Chicago area in which a union contract or contracts covered a majority of
the workers in the respective categories, October 1979:
Production and
related workers

Sickness and accident insurance includes only those plans which
provide that predetermined cash payments be made directly to employees
who lose time from work because of illness or injury, e .g ., $ 50 a week
for up to 26 weeks of disability.
Sick leave plans are limited to formal plans4 which provide for
continuing an em ployee's pay during absence from work because of illn ess.
Data collected distinguish between (1) plans which provide full pay with no
waiting period, and (2) plans which either provide partial pay or require a
waiting period.
L on g-term disability insurance plans provide payments to totally
disabled em ployees upon the expiration of their paid sick leave and/or sick­
ness and accident insurance, or after a predetermined period of disability
(typically 6 months). Payments are made until the end of the disability, a
maxim um age, or eligibility for retirement benefits. Full or partial pay­
ments are alm ost always reduced by social security, w orkers' disability
compensation, and private pension benefits payable to the disabled employee.
Hospitalization, surgical, and medical insurance plans reported
in these surveys provide full or partial payment for basic services rendered.
Hospitalization insurance covers hospital room and board and may cover
other hospital expenses. Surgical insurance covers surgeons' fees. Medical
insurance covers doctors* fees for home, office, or hospital calls.
Plans
restricted to post-operative medical care or a doctor's care for minor
ailments at a w orker's place of employment are not considered to be
m edical insurance.
M ajor m edical insurance coverage applies to services which go
beyond the basic services covered under hospitalization, surgical, and
m edical insurance.
M ajor medical insurance typically (1) requires that a
"deductible" (e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be met before benefits begin, (2 ) has a coinsurance
feature that requires the insured to pay a portion (e .g ., 20 percent) of
certain expenses, and (3 ) has a specified dollar maximum of benefits (e .g .,
$ 10, 000 a year).
Dental insurance plans provide normal dental service benefits,
usually for fillin gs, extractions, and X -r a y s . Plans which provide benefits
only for oral surgery or repairing accident damage are not reported.

90
98
55
98

23
26
18
79

All industries________________
Manufacturing____________
Nonmanufacturing________
Public utilities________

An establishment is considered to have a contract covering all
production or office workers if a majority of such workers is covered by a
labor-management agreement. Therefore, all other production or office
workers are employed in establishments that either do not have labormanagement contracts in effect, or have contracts that apply to fewer than
half of their production or office workers.
Estimates are not necessarily
representative of the extent to which all workers in the area may be
covered by the provisions of labor-management agreements, because small
establishments are excluded and the industrial scope of the survey is limited.

Industrial composition in manufacturing
Over two-thirds of the workers within the scope of the survey in
the Gary—Hammond—East Chicago area were employed in manufacturing
firm s.
The following presents the major industries as a percent of all
manufacturing:
P r i m a r y m etal in du stries________________________________________________

71

Blast furnace and basic steel products___________________________
Fabricated metal products____________________________________________
Transportation equipment_____________________________________________

66
7
5

This information is based on estimates of total employment derived
from universe m aterials compiled before actual survey. Proportions in
various industry divisions may differ from proportions based on the results
of the survey as shown in appendix table 1.

Retirement pension plans provide for regular payments to the
retiree for life. Included are deferred profit-sharing plans which provide
the option of purchasing a lifetime annuity.
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days of sick leave available to each employee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




Office workers

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied, Gary—HammondEast Chicago, Ind.,1 October 1979
W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s

N u m ber of establishm ents

Industry division 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

W it h in s c o p e o f s t u d y
W i t h in s c o p e
o f study 3

St u d i ed
T otal4

Studied
Number

ALL

INDUSTRY

T otal4

360

108

1 40 .36 2

100

9 5.919

1 4 .9 49

9 4.7 51

124
256

31
77

1 02 .04 3
3 8 .3 19

73
27

7 9 .2 49
1 6.670

9 .2 4 3
5 .7 0 6

7 4.6 80
20.071

50
50
50
50
50

36
18
137
29
36

19
5
31
11
11

9 .6 4 4
1 .4 8 9
17.6 10
5 . 02 5
4 .5 5 1

7
1
13

5 .2 4 3
(6 )
)
(6 »
(6 )

1 T h e G a r y —H a m m o n d —E a s t C h i c a g o S t a n d a r d M e t r o p o l i t a n S t a t i s t i c a l A r e a , a s d e f i n e d b y th e
O f f i c e o f M a n a g e m e n t a n d B u d g e t t h r o u g h F e b r u a r y 1 974 , c o n s i s t s o f L a k e an d P o r t e r C o u n t i e s .
T h e " w o r k e r s w it h i n s c o p e o f s t u d y " e s t i m a t e s p r o v i d e a r e a s o n a b l y a c c u r a t e d e s c r i p t i o n o f th e
s i z e an d c o m p o s i t i o n o f t h e l a b o r f o r c e i n c l u d e d in t h e s u r v e y .
E s t i m a t e s a r e not i n t e n d e d , h o w e v e r ,
f o r c o m p a r i s o n w it h o t h e r s t a t i s t i c a l s e r i e s t o m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t t r e n d s o r l e v e l s s i n c e (1 )
pl an ni ng o f w a g e s u r v e y s r e q u i r e s e s t a b l i s h m e n t da ta c o m p i l e d c o n s i d e r a b l y in a d v a n c e o f th e
p a y r o l l p e r i o d s t u d i e d , a n d (2 ) s m a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e s u r v e y .
2 T h e 1972 e d i t i o n o f th e S t a n d a r d I n d u s t r i a l C l a s s i f i c a t i o n M a n u a l w a s u s e d t o c l a s s i f y
e s t a b l i s h m e n t s b y i n d u s t r y di v is i o n ^
A l l g o v e r n m e n t o p e r a t i o n s a r e e x c l u d e d f r o m th e s c o p e o f th e
survey.
3 I n c l u d e s a l l e s t a b l i s h m e n t s w ith t o t a l e m p l o y m e n t a t o r a b o v e th e m i n i m u m l i m i t a t i o n .
A ll
o u t le t s ( w i t h in th e a r e a ) o f c o m p a n i e s i n i n d u s t r i e s s u c h a s t r a d e , f i n a n c e , a u t o r e p a i r s e r v i c e ,
an d m o t i o n p i c t u r e t h e a t e r s a r e c o n s i d e r e d a s o n e e s t a b l i s h m e n t .




F u ll-tim e
office w ork ers

50

D I V I S I O N S ---------------------------------------------

MANUFACTURING ------------------------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING -----------------------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. AND
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
-------------------------------------------------------------RETAIL TRAOE
-------------------------------------------------------------------FINANCE. INSURANCE. AND REAL ESTATE
--------------S ER V IC ES 7 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Percent

F u ll- tim e
p r o d u c t i o n an d
related w ork ers

3

1 .3 4 2
(6 )
<6 >
(6 )
(6 >

7 .2 7 7
474
7 .7 3 8
3 .1 5 9
1 .4 2 3

4 Includes executive, pr ofess ion a l, p a r t -t im e , se a so n a l, and other w o r k e r s ex clu d ed f r o m
s e p a r a t e p r o d u c t i o n a nd o f f i c e c a t e g o r i e s .
5 A b b r e v i a t e d to " p u b l i c u t i l i t i e s " in t h e A - an d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s .
T a x ica b s and s e r v i c e s
in cid en tal to w a te r tran sp orta tion a r e excluded.
6 S e p a r a t e data f o r th is d i v i s i o n a r e n o t p r e s e n t e d i n t h e A - a n d B - s e r i e s t a b l e s , b u t th e
d iv is io n is re p r e s e n te d in the " a l l in d u st r ie s" and " n o n m a n u fa c t u r in g " e s t i m a t e s .
7 H o t e l s an d m o t e l s ; l a u n d r i e s and o t h e r p e r s o n a l s e r v i c e s ; b u s i n e s s s e r v i c e s ; a u t o m o b i l e
r e p a i r , r e n t a l , a n d p a r k in g ; m o t i o n p i c t u r e s ; n o n p r o f i t m e m b e r s h i p o r g a n i z a t i o n s ( e x c l u d i n g r e l i g i o u s
an d c h a r i t a b l e o r g a n i z a t i o n s ) ; an d e n g i n e e r i n g a n d a r c h i t e c t u r a l s e r v i c e s .
th e

28

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The prim ary purpose of preparing job descriptions for the
Bureau's wage surveys is to a ssist its field representatives in classifying
into appropriate occupations workers who are employed under a variety
of payroll titles and different work arrangements from establishment
to establishment and from a r e a
to area. This permits grouping
occupational wage rates representing comparable job content. Because
of this emphasis on interestablishment and interarea comparability
of occupational content, the Bureau's job descriptions may differ sig­
nificantly from those in use in individual establishments or those pre­
pared for other purposes. In applying these job descriptions, the
Bureau's field representatives are instructed to exclude working super­
v iso rs; apprentices; and p art-tim e, temporary, and probationary workers.
Handicapped workers whose earnings are reduced because of their
handicap are also excluded. Learners, beginners, and trainees, unless
specifically included in the job description, are excluded.

Office
SECRET ARY— Continued

SECRETARY

Exclusions— Continued

Assigned as a personal secretary, normally to one individual.
Maintains a close and highly responsive relationship to the day-to-day activ­
ities of the supervisor. Works fairly independently receiving a minimum of
detailed supervision and guidance. Perform s varied clerical and secretarial
duties requiring a knowledge of office routine and understanding of the
organization, program s, and procedures related to the work of the supervisor.

a. Positions which do not meet the "p erson al"
described above;

b. Stenographers not fully trained in secretarial-type duties;
c. Stenographers serving as office assistants to a group of pro­
fessional, technical, or managerial persons;
d.

Exclusions. Not all positions that are titled "se c re ta r y " possess the
above characteristics.
Examples of positions which are excluded from the
definition are as follow s:




secretary concept

Assistant-type positions which entail more difficult or more re­
sponsible technical, administrative, or supervisory duties which
are not typical of secretarial work, e .g ., Administrative A ssist­
ant, or Executive Assistant;

Listed below are several occupations for which revised descriptions or titles are being introduced
in this survey:
Truckdriver
Shipper and receiver
(previously surveyed
as shipping and
receiving clerk)
Guard

Secretary
Key entry operator
Computer operator
Drafter
Stationary engineer
Boiler tender

The Bureau has discontinued collecting data for tabulating -machine operator, bookkeeping-machine
operator, and machine biller. Workers previously classified as watchmen are now classified as guards
under the revised description.

29

SECRETARY— Continued

SECRETARY— Continued

Exclusions— Continued

Classification by Level— Continued

e.

f.

Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled ''L evel of Supervisor, " e .g ., secretary to the
president of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;
Trainees.

Classification by Level
Secretary jobs which meet the required characteristics are matched
at one of five levels according to (a) the level of the secretary's supervisor
within the company's organizational structure and, (b) the level of the
secretary's responsibility.
The tabulation following the explanations of these
two factors indicates the level of the secretary for each combination of the
factors.

segment often involving as many as several hundred persons)
of a company that employs, in a ll, over 25, 000 persons.
LS—
4

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that employs, in all, over 100 but fewer than 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than the chairman of
the board or president) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
c.

Secretary to the head, immediately below the corporate officer
level, of a major segment or subsidiary of a company that
employs, in all, over 2 5 ,0 0 0 persons.

Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
LS—1

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

LS—
2

a. Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for L S -3 , but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc., (or
other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer
than 5, 000 persons.

LS—
3

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that em ploys, in all, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a m ajor corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquar­
te r s ; a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 25, 000 em ployees; or

NOTE: The term "corporate o fficer" used in the above LS def­
inition refers to those officials who have a significant corporatewide policy­
making role with regard to major company activities.
The title "v ic e
president," though normally indicative of this role, does not in all cases
identify such positions. Vice presidents whose prim ary responsibility is to
act personally on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny
individual loan or credit actions; administer individual trust accounts; di­
rectly supervise a clerical staff) are not considered to be "corporate
o fficers" for purposes of applying the definition.
Level of Secretary's Responsibility (LR)
This factor evaluates the nature of the work relationship between
the secretary and the supervisor, and the extent to which the secretary is
expected to exercise initiative and judgment. Secretaries should be matched
at LR—1 or LR— described below according to their level of responsibility.
2
LR—1. Performs varied secretarial duties including or comparable
to most of the following:

a.

Answers telephones,
coming mail.

greets

personal c a llers,

and

opens

b. Answers telephone requests which have standard answers.
reply to requests by sending a form letter.

in­
May

c.

d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.,
(or other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all,
over 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or

Reviews correspondence, memoranda, and reports prepared by
others for the supervisor's signature to ensure procedural and
typographical accuracy.

d.

Maintains supervisor's
instructed.

e. Secretary to the head of a large and important organizational seg ­
ment (e .g ., a middle management supervisor of an organizational

e.

Types, takes and transcribes dictation, and files.




calendar

and

makes

appointments

as

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

L R -2.
P erform s duties described under LR—1 and, in addition p er­
form s tasks requiring greater judgment, initiative, and knowledge
of office functions including or comparable to most of the following:
a. Screens telephone and personal ca llers, determining which can
be handled by the supervisor's subordinates or other offices.
b.

Answers requests which require a detailed knowledge of of­
fice procedures or collection of information from files or
other offices.
May sign routine correspondence in own or
su pervisor's name.

c.

OR
P erform s stenographic duties requiring significantly greater in­
dependence and responsibility than stenographer, general, as evidenced by
the following: Work requires a high degree of stenographic speed and
accuracy; a thorough working knowledge of general business and office pro­
cedure; and of the specific business operations, organization, policies,
procedures, file s, workflow, etc. Uses this knowledge in performing steno­
graphic duties and responsible clerical tasks such as maintaining follow­
up files; assembling material for reports, memoranda, and letters; com­
posing simple letters from general instructions; reading and routing incoming
m ail; and answering routine questions, etc.

Com piles or a ssists in compiling periodic reports on the basis
of general instructions.

d. Schedules tentative appointments without prior clearance. A s ­
sem bles necessary background material for scheduled meetings.
Makes arrangements for meetings and conferences.
e.

Explains su pervisor's requirements to other employees in super­
v iso r 's unit. (Also types, takes dictation, and files.)

The following tabulation shows the level of the secretary for each
LS and LR combination:

L evel of secre ta ry 's
______supervisor_____

TRANSCRIBING-MACHINE TYPIST
Prim ary duty is to type copy of voice recorded dictation which does
not involve varied technical or specialized vocabulary such as that used in
legal briefs or reports on scientific research. May also type from written
copy. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks.
(See Stenographer definition for workers involved
with shorthand dictation.)

Level of secretary's responsibility
TYPIST
LR—1

LS—1.
LS—2.
LS—3,
LS—
4.

Stenographer, General. Dictation involves a normal routine vocabu­
lary. May maintain files, keep simple records, or perform other relatively
routine clerical tasks.

Class
Class
Class
Class

E
D
C
B

LR—
2
Class
Class
Class
Class

Uses a typewriter to make copies of various materials or to make
out bills after calculations have been made by another person. May include
typing of stencils, m ats, or sim ilar materials for use in duplicating
p ro cesses.
May do clerical work involving little special training, such
as keeping simple records, filing records and reports, or sorting and
distributing incoming m ail.

D
C
B
A

Class A . Perform s one or more of the following: Typing material
in final form when it involves combining material from several sources; or
responsibility for correct spelling, syllabication, punctuation, etc., of tech­
nical or unusual words or foreign language m aterial; or planning layout
and typing of complicated statistical tables to maintain uniformity and
balance in spacing. May type routine form letters, varying details to suit
circumstances.

STENOGRAPHER
P rim ary duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to transcribe
the dictation. May also type from written copy. May operate from a
stenographic pool.
May occasionally transcribe from voice recordings (if
prim ary duty is transcribing from recordings, see Transcribing-M achine
Typist).

Class B . Perform s one or more of the following; Copy typing from
rough or clear drafts; or routine typing of form s, insurance policies, etc.;
or setting up simple standard tabulations; or copying more complex tables
already set up and spaced properly.

NOTE; This job is distinguished from that of a secretary in that a
secretary norm ally works in a confidential relationship with only one manager
or executive and perform s m ore responsible and discretionary tasks as
described in the secretary job definition.

FILE CLERK
Stenographer, Senior. Dictation involves a varied technical or spe­
cialized vocabulary such as in legal briefs or reports on scientific research.
May also set up and maintain file s, keep records, etc.




F ile s, c la ssifies, and retrieves material in an established filing
system . May perform clerical and manual tasks required to maintain files.
Positions are classified into levels on the basis of the following definitions.

31

FILE CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

Class A . C lassifies and indexes file m aterial such as correspond­
ence, reports, technical documents, etc., in an established filing system
containing a number of varied subject matter files. May also file this
m aterial. May keep records of various types in conjunction with the files.
May lead a sm all group of lower level file clerks.

adequacy of information recorded; ascertaining credit rating of customer;
furnishing customer with acknowledgement of receipt of order; following-up
to see that order is delivered by the specified date or to let customer know
of a delay in delivery; maintaining order file; checking shipping invoice
against original order.

Class B . Sorts, codes, and files unclassified m aterial by simple
(subject matter) headings or partly classified m aterial by finer subheadings.
Prepares simple related index and cro ss-referen ce aids. As requested,
locates clearly identified m aterial in files and forwards m aterial. May p er­
form related clerical tasks required to maintain and service files.

Exclude workers paid on a comm ission basis or whose duties include
any of the following: Receiving orders for services rather than for material
or merchandise; providing customers with consultative advice using knowl­
edge gained from engineering or extensive technical training; emphasizing
selling skills; handling material or merchandise as an integral part of the job.

C lass C . P erform s routine filing of m aterial that has already been
classified or which is easily classified in a simple serial classification
system (e .g ., alphabetical, chronological, or num erical).
As requested,
locates readily available m aterial in files and forwards m aterial; and may
fill out withdrawal charge. May perform simple clerical and manual tasks
required to maintain and service files.

Positions
definitions:

MESSENGER
P erform s various routine duties such as running errands, operating
minor office machines such as sealers or m a ile rs, opening and distributing
m a il, and other minor clerical work. Exclude positions that require operation
of a motor vehicle as a significant duty.

are

classified

into

levels

according to

the

following

Class A . Handles orders that involve making judgments such as
choosing which specific product or m aterial from the establishment's product
lines will satisfy the customer's needs, or determining the price to be quoted
when pricing involves more than m erely referring to a price list or making
some simple mathematical calculations.
Class B . Handles orders involving items which have readily iden­
tified uses and applications. May refer to a catalog, manufacturer's manual,
or sim ilar document to insure that proper item is supplied or to verify
price of ordered item.
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR
Operates a telephone switchboard or console used with a private
branch exchange (PBX) system to relay incoming, outgoing, and intrasystem
calls.
May provide information to c a llers, record and transm it m essag es,
keep record of calls placed and toll charges. Besides operating a telephone
switchboard or console, may also type or perform routine clerical work
(typing or routine clerical work may occupy the m ajor portion of the worker's
tim e, and is usually perform ed while at the switchboard or console). Chief or
lead operators in establishments employing m ore than one operator are
excluded. For an operator who also acts as a receptionist, see Switchboard
Ope r ato r - Re ceptioni st.
SWITCHBOARD OPERATOR-RECEPTIONIST
At a single-position telephone switchboard or console, acts both as
an operator— see Switchboard Operator— and as a receptionist. Receptionist's
work involves such duties as greeting v isitors; determining nature of v isitor's
business and providing appropriate information; referring visitor to appro­
priate person in the organization or contacting that person by telephone and
arranging an appointment; keeping a log of v isitors.
ORDER CLERK
Receives written or verbal custom ers' purchase orders for material
or merchandise from customers or sales people. Work typically involves
some combination of the following duties: Quoting prices; determining availa­
bility of ordered items and suggesting substitutes when necessary; advising
expected delivery date and method of delivery; recording order and customer
information on order sheets; checking order sheets for accuracy and




Performs one or more accounting clerical tasks such as posting to
registers and ledgers; reconciling bank accounts; verifying the internal con­
sistency, completeness, and mathematical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning prescribed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifying
for clerical accuracy various types of reports, lists, calculations, posting,
etc.; or preparing simple or assisting in preparing more complicated journal
vouchers. May work in either a manual or automated accounting system .
The work requires a knowledge of clerical methods and office
practices and procedures which relates to the clerical processing and re­
cording of transactions and accounting information. With experience, the
worker typically becomes familiar with the bookkeeping and accounting term s
and procedures used in the assigned work, but is not required to have a
knowledge of the formal principles of bookkeeping and accounting.
Positions
definitions:

are

classified

into levels

on the basis of the following

Class A . Under general supervision, perform s accounting clerical
operations which require the application of experience and judgment, for
example, clerically processing complicated or nonrepetitive accounting tran s­
actions, selecting among a substantial variety of prescribed accounting codes
and classifications, or tracing transactions through previous accounting
actions to determine source of discrepancies. May be assisted by one or
more class B accounting clerks.
Class B. Under close supervision, following detailed instructions
and standardized procedures, perform s one or more routine accounting
clerical operations, such as posting to ledgers, cards, or worksheets

ACCOUNTING CLERK— Continued

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYST, BUSINESS— Continued

where identification of items and locations of postings are clearly indicated;
checking accuracy and completeness of standardized and repetitive records
or accounting documents; and coding documents using a few prescribed
accounting codes.

Does not include employees primarily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing employees,
or systems analysts prim arily concerned with scientific or engineering
problem s.

PAYROLL CLERK
For wage study purposes, systems analysts are classified as follows:

P erform s the clerical tasks necessary to process payrolls and to
maintain payroll records.
Work involves most of the following: Processing
w orkers' time or production records; adjusting workers' records for changes
in wage rates, supplementary benefits, or tax deductions; editing payroll
listings against source records; tracing and correcting errors in listings;
and assisting in preparation of periodic summary payroll reports. In a nonautomated payroll system , computes wages. Work may require a practical
knowledge of governmental regulations, company payroll policy, or the
computer system for processing payrolls.

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction on
complex problems involving all phases of systems analysis. Problems are
complex because of diverse sources of input data and multiple-use require­
ments of output data. (For example, develops an integrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost analysis, and sales analysis record in
which every item of each type is automatically processed through the full
system of records and appropriate followup actions are initiated by the
computer.) Confers with persons concerned to determine the data processing
problems and advises subject-m atter personnel on the implications of new or
revised systems of data processing operations. Makes recommendations, if
needed, for approval of major systems installations or changes and for
obtaining equipment.

KEY ENTRY OPERATOR
Operates keyboard-controlled data entry device such as keypunch
machine or key-operated magnetic tape or disk encoder to transcribe
data into a form suitable for computer processing. Work requires skill in
operating an alphanumeric keyboard and an understanding of transcribing
procedures and relevant data entry equipment.
Positions are
definitions:

May provide functional direction to lower level systems analysts
who are assigned to assist.

classified into levels on the basis of the following
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
problems that are relatively uncomplicated to analyze, plan, program, and
operate. Problems are of limited complexity because sources of input data
are homogeneous and the output data are closely related. (For example,
develops systems for maintaining depositor accounts in a bank, maintaining
accounts receivable in a retail establishment, or maintaining inventory
accounts in a manufacturing or wholesale establishment.) Confers with
persons concerned to determine the data processing problems and advises
subject-m atter personnel on the implications of the data processing systems
to be applied.

C lass A . Work requires the application of experience and judgment
in selecting procedures to be followed and in searching for, interpreting,
selecting, or coding items to be entered from a variety of source documents.
On occasion may also perform routine work as described for class B.
N O T E : Excluded are operators above class A using the key entry
controls to a c c e ss, read, and evaluate the substance of specific records to
take substantive actions, or to make entries requiring a similar level of
knowledge.
Class B.
Work is routine and repetitive. Under close supervision
or following specific procedures or detailed instructions, works from various
standardized source documents which have been coded and require little or no
selecting, coding, or interpreting of data to be entered. Refers to supervisor
problems arising from erroneous item s, codes, or missing information.

OR
Works on a segment of a complex data processing scheme or
system , as described for class A. Works independently on routine assign­
ments and receives instruction and guidance on complex assignments. Work
is reviewed for accuracy of judgment, compliance with instructions, and to
insure proper alignment with the overall system.

Professional and Technical
COMPUTER SYSTEMS A N A LYST , BUSINESS

Class C. Works under immediate supervision, carrying out analyses
as assigned, usually of a single activity. Assignments are designed to
develop and expand practical experience in the application of procedures and
skills required for system s analysis work. For example, may assist a higher
level systems analyst by preparing the detailed specifications required by
program m ers from information developed by the higher level analyst.

Analyzes business problems to formulate procedures for solving
them by use of electronic data processing equipment. Develops a complete
description of all specifications needed to enable programmers to prepare
required digital computer program s.
Work involves most of the following:
Analyzes subject-m atter operations to be automated and identifies conditions
and criteria required to achieve satisfactory results; specifies number and
types of records, file s, and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
performed by personnel and computers in sufficient detail for presentation
to management and for programming (typically this involves preparation of
work and data flow charts); coordinates the development of test problems and
participates in trial runs of new and revised system s; and recommends
equipment changes to obtain more effective overall operations. (NOTE:
Workers performing both system s analysis and programming should be
classified as system s analysts if this is the skill used to determine their pay.)




COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS
Converts statements of business problem s, typically prepared by a
systems analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are re­
quired to solve the problems by automatic data processing equipment.
Working from charts or diagrams, the programmer develops the pre­
cise instructions which, when entered into the computer system in coded

33

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued

language, cause the manipulation of data to achieve desired results. Work
involves most of the following: Applies knowledge of computer capa­
bilities, mathematics, logic employed by computers, and particular sub­
ject matter involved to analyze charts and diagrams of the problem to
be programmed; develops sequence of program steps; writes detailed flow
charts to show order in which data will be processed; converts these
charts to coded instructions for machine to follow; tests and corrects
program s; prepares instructions for operating personnel during production
run; analyzes, reviews, and alters programs to increase operating effi­
ciency or adapt to new requirements; maintains records of program de­
velopment and revisions. (NOTE: Workers performing both systems anal­
ysis and programming should be classified as systems analysts if this is
the skill used to determine their pay.)
Does not include employees prim arily responsible for the man­
agement or supervision of other electronic data processing em ployees,
or programm ers prim arily concerned with scientific and/or engineering
problems.
For wage study purposes, program m ers are classified as

follows:

Class A . Works independently or under only general direction
on complex problems which require competence in all phases of pro­
gramming concepts and practices. Working from diagrams and charts
which identify the nature of desired results, major processing steps to
be accomplished, and the relationships between various steps of the prob­
lem solving routine; plans the full range of programming actions needed
to efficiently utilize the computer system in achieving desired end products.
At this level, programming is difficult because computer equip­
ment must be organized to produce several interrelated but diverse prod­
ucts from numerous and diverse data elem ents. A wide variety and ex­
tensive number of internal processing actions must occur. This requires
such actions as development of common operations which can be re ­
used, establishment of linkage points between operations, adjustments to
data when program requirements exceed computer storage capacity, and
substantial manipulation and resequencing of data elements to form a
highly integrated program.
May provide functional direction to lower level programm ers who
are assigned to assist.
Class B . Works independently or under only general direction on
relatively simple program s, or on simple segments of complex program s.
Programs (or segments) usually process information to produce data in two
or three varied sequences or form ats. Reports and listings are produced by
refining, adapting, arraying, or making minor additions to or deletions from
input data which are readily available. While numerous records may be
processed, the data have been refined in prior actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing of data can be tested by using a few routine checks. Typically,
the program deals with routine recordkeeping operations.
OR
Works on complex programs (as described for class A) under
close direction of a higher level program m er or supervisor. May assist
higher level program m er by independently performing less difficult tasks
assigned, and performing more difficult tasks under fairly close direction.




May guide or instruct lower level program m ers.
Class C . Makes practical applications of programming practices
and concepts usually learned in form al training courses. Assignments
are designed to develop competence in the application of standard pro­
cedures to routine problem s. Receives close supervision on new aspects
of assignments; and work is reviewed to verify its accuracy and conformance
with required procedures.
COMPUTER OPERATOR
In accordance with operating instructions, monitors and operates
the control console of a digital computer to process data. Executes runs by
either serial processing (processes one program at a tim e) or m ulti­
processing (processes two or more program s simultaneously). The following
duties characterize the work of a computer operator:
- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
w ith

to

required

determine
items

equipment

(tapes,

cards,

setup
disks,

- Switches necessary auxilliary equipment into system .
- Starts and operates computer.
-

Responds to operating and com puter output in stru ctio n s.

-

Reviews e r r o r m e ssa g e s and m ak es c o rrec tio n s
or refers p ro b le m s.

during operation

- Maintains operating record .

May test-run new or modified program s. May a ssist in modifying
system s or programs. The scope of this definition includes trainees working
to become fully qualified computer operators, fully qualified computer
operators, and lead operators providing technical assistance to lower level
operators. It excludes workers who monitor and operate remote term inals.
Class A . In addition to work assignments described for a class B
operator (see below) the work of a class A operator involves at least one
of the following:
-

Deviates fr o m standard p ro ce d u res to avoid the lo s s of in fo r ­
m ation or to conserve com puter tim e even though the p rocedu res
applied m a teria lly alter the com puter unit's production plan s.

- Tests new program s, applications, and procedures.
- Advises programmers
techniques.

and

subject-m atter

experts

on s e t u p

- A ssists in (1) maintaining, modifying, and developing operating
systems or program s; (2) developing operating instructions and
techniques to cover problem situations; and/or (3) switching to
emergency backup procedures (such assistance requires a working
knowledge of program language, computer features, and software
system s).
An operator at this level typically guides

lower level operators.

COMPUTER OPERATOR— Continued

COMPUTER DATA LIBRARIAN

Class B . In addition to established production runs, work assign­
ments include runs involving new program s, applications, and procedures
(i.e ., situations which require the operator to adapt to a variety of problems).
At this level, the operator has the training and experience to work fairly
independently in carrying out most assignments. Assignments may require
the operator to select from a variety of standard setup and operating
procedures. In responding to computer output instructions or error con­
ditions, applies standard operating or corrective procedures, but may
deviate from standard procedures when standard procedures fail if deviation
does not m aterially alter the computer unit’ s production plans. Refers the
problem or aborts the program when procedures applied do not provide a
solution. May guide lower level operators.

Maintains library of media (tapes, disks, cards, cassettes) used
for automatic data processing applications. The following or similar duties
characterize the work of a computer data librarian: Classifying, cataloging,
and storing media in accordance with a standardized system; upon proper
requests, releasing media for processing; maintaining records of releases
and returns; inspecting returned media for damage or excessive wear to
determine whether or not they need replacing. May perform minor repairs
to damaged tapes.

Class C . Work assignments are limited to established production
runs (i.e ., program s which present few operating problems). Assignments
may consist prim arily of on-the-job training (sometimes augmented by
classroom instruction). When learning to run programs, the supervisor or a
higher level operator provides detailed written or oral guidance to the
operator before and during the run. After the operator has gained experience
with a program , however, the operator works fairly independently in
applying standard operating or corrective . procedures in responding to
computer output instructions or error conditions, but refers problems to a
higher level operator or the supervisor when standard procedures fail.

Operates peripheral equipment w h i c h directly supports digital
computer operations. Such equipment is uniquely and specifically designed
for computer applications, but need not be physically or electronically
connected to a computer. P rinters, plotters, card read/punches, tape
readers, tape units or drives, disk units or drives, and data display units
are examples of such equipment.
The following duties characterize the work of a peripheral equipment
operator:
- Loading printers and plotters with correct paper; adjusting
controls for fo rm s, thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.
- Labelling tape r eels, disks, or card decks.
- Checking labels and mounting and dismounting
reels or disks on specified units or drives.

designated tape

- Setting controls which regulate operation of the equipment.
and error

indications and

- Examining tapes, cards, or other material for crea ses, tears,
or other defects which could cause processing problems.
This classification excludes workers (1) who monitor and operate a
control console (see computer operator) or a remote term inal, or (2) whose
duties are limited to operating decollaters, bursters, separators, or sim ilar
equipment.




Perform s drafting work requiring knowledge and skill in drafting
methods, procedures, and techniques.
Prepares drawings of structures,
mechanical and electrical equipment, piping and duct systems and other
sim ilar equipment, system s, and assem blies. Uses recognized systems of
sym bols, legends, shadings, and lines having specific meanings in drawings.
Drawings are used to communicate engineering ideas, designs, and informa­
tion in support of engineering functions.
The following are excluded when they constitute the primary purpose
of the job:
-

Design work requiring the technical knowledge, skill, and ability
to conceive or originate designs;

-

Illustrating work requiring artistic ability;

-

PERIPHERAL EQUIPMENT OPERATOR

- Observing panel lights for warnings
taking appropriate action.

DRAFTER

Work involving t h e preparation
arrangements, floor plans, etc.;

-

Cartographic work involving the preparation of maps or plats
and related m a teria ls, and drawings of geological structures; and

-

Supervisory work involving the management of a drafting program
or the supervision of drafters.

Positions
definitions.

of

charts,

diagrams,

room

are classified into levels on the basis of the following

Class A. Works closely with design originators, preparing drawings
of unusuaTj complex or original designs which require a high degree of
precision.
Performs unusually difficult assignments requiring considerable
initiative, resourcefulness, and drafting expertise. A ssures that anticipated
problems in manufacture, assem bly, installation, and operation are resolved
by the drawings produced.
E xercises independent judgment in selecting and
interpreting data based on a knowledge of the design intent. Although working
prim arily as a drafter, may occasionally perform engineering design work
in interpreting general designs prepared by others or in completing missing
design details. May provide advice and guidance to lower level drafters or
serve as coordinator and planner for large and complex drafting projects.
Class B. Prepares complete sets of complex drawings which
include multiple view s, detail drawings, and assem bly drawings. Drawings
include complex design features that require considerable drafting skill to
visualize and portray. Assignments regularly require the use of mathematical
formulas to compute weights, load capacities, dimensions, quantities of
m aterials, etc. Working from sketches and verbal information supplied by
an engineer or designer, determines the most appropriate views, detail
drawings, and supplementary information needed to complete assignments.
Selects required information from precedents, manufacturers' catalogs, and
technical guides. Independently resolves most of the problems encountered.
Supervisor or designer may suggest methods of approach or provide advice
on unusually difficult problems.

DRAFTER— Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

N O TE : Exclude drafters performing work of sim ilar difficulty to
that described at this level but who provide support for a variety of organi­
zations which have widely differing functions or requirements.

frequent engineering changes. Work involves: A detailed understanding of
the interrelationships of circuits; exercising independent judgment in p er­
forming such tasks as making circuit analyses, calculating wave form s,
tracing relationships in signal flow; and regularly using complex text in­
struments (e.g., dual trace oscilloscopes, Q -m eters, deviation m eters,
pulse generators).

Class C. Prepares various drawings of parts and a ssem blies,
including sectional profiles, irregular or reverse curves, hidden lines, and
small or intricate details. Work requires use of most of the conventional
drafting techniques and a working knowledge of the term s and procedures of
the industry.
Fam iliar or recurring work is assigned in general term s;
unfamiliar assignments include information on methods, procedures, sources
of information, and precedents to be followed. Simple revisions to existing
drawings may be assigned with a verbal explanation of the desired results;
more complex revisions are produced from sketches which clearly depict
the desired product.
Class D. Prepares drawings of sim ple, easily visualized parts or
equipment from sketches or marked-up prints. Selects appropriate templates
and other equipment needed to complete assignments. Drawings fit familiar
patterns and present few technical problems. Supervisor provides detailed
instructions on new assignm ents, gives guidance when questions a rise, and
reviews completed work for accuracy.
Class E.
Working under close supervision, traces or copies
finished drawings, making clearly indicated revisions. Uses appropriate
templates to draw curved lines. Assignments are designed to develop
increasing skill in various drafting techniques. Work is spot-checked during
progress and reviewed upon completion.
NOTE: Exclude d r a f t e r s performing elementary
receiving training in the most basic drafting methods.

tasks

while

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN
Works on various types of electronic equipment and related devices
by performing one or a combination of the following: Installing, maintaining,
repairing, overhauling, troubleshooting, modifying, constructing, and testing.
Work requires practical application of technical knowledge, of electronics
principles, ability to determine malfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
required operating condition.
The equipment— consisting of either many different kinds of circuits
or multiple repetition of the same kind of circuit— includes, but is not limited
to, the following: (a) Electronic transmitting and receiving equipment (e.g.,
radar, radio, television, telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) digital and
analog computers, and (c) industrial and medical measuring and controlling
equipment.
This classification excludes repairers of such standard electronic
equipment as common office machines and household radio and television
sets; production assem blers and testers; workers whose primary duty is
servicing electronic test instruments; technicians who have administrative
or supervisory responsibility; and drafters, designers, and professional
enginee r s .
Positions
definitions:

are classified

into levels on the basis of the following

Class A. Applies advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
complex problems (i.e ., those that typically cannot be solved solely by
reference to manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Examples of such problems include location and
density of circuitry, electromagnetic radiation, isolating malfunctions, and




Work may be reviewed by supervisor (frequently an engineer or
designer) for general compliance with accepted practices. May provide
technical guidance to lower level technicians.
Class B. Applies comprehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
plex problems (i.e ., those that typically can be solved solely by properly
interpreting manufacturers' manuals or sim ilar documents) in working on
electronic equipment. Work involves: A fam iliarity with the interrelation­
ships of circuits; and judgment in determining work sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instruments, usually less complex that those used by the
class A technician.

Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician, and work is reviewed for specific compliance with accepted
practices and work assignments. May provide technical guidance to lower
level technicians.
Class C. Applies working technical knowledge to perform simple or
routine tasks in working on electronic equipment, following detailed in­
structions which cover virtually all procedures. Work typically involves such
tasks as: Assisting higher level technicians by performing such activities as
replacing components, wiring circuits, and taking test readings; repairing
simple electronic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e .g ., multimeters, audio signal generators, tube testers, oscilloscopes). Is
not required to be familiar with the interrelationships of circuits. This
knowledge, however, may be acquired through assignments designed to in­
crease competence (including classroom training) so that worker can advance
to higher level technician.
Receives technical guidance, as required, from supervisor or higher
level technician. Work is typically spot-checked, but is given detailed review
when new or advanced assignments are involved.
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A registered nurse gives nursing service under general medical
direction to ill or injured employees or other persons who become ill or
suffer an accident on the prem ises of a factory or other establishment.
Duties involve a combination of the following: Giving first aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent dressing of employees' injuries; keeping
records of patients treated; preparing accident reports for compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical examinations and health evaluations of
applicants and em ployees; and planning and carrying out programs involving

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSE— Continued

MAINTENANCE MACHINIST— Continued

health education, accident prevention, evaluation of plant environment, or
other activities affecting the health, w elfare, and safety of all personnel.
Nursing supervisors or head nurses in establishments employing more than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

machine tools; shaping of metal parts to close tolerances; making standard
shop computations relating to dimensions of work, tooling, feeds, and speeds
of machining; knowledge of the working properties of the common metals;
selecting standard m aterials, parts, and equipment required for this work;
and fitting and assembling parts into mechanical equipment. In general, the
machinist's work normally requires a rounded training in machine-shop
practice usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

MAINTENANCE CARPENTER

MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MACHINERY)

P erform s the carpentry duties necessary to construct and maintain
in good repair building woodwork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, partitions, doors, flo o rs, stairs, casings, and trim made of wood
in an establishment. Work involves most of the following: Planning and
laying out of work from blueprints, drawings, m odels, or verbal instructions;
using a variety of carpenter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
measuring instruments; making standard shop computations relating to di­
mensions of work; and selecting materials necessary for the work. In gen­
era l, the work of the maintenance carpenter requires rounded training and
experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent
training and experience.

Repairs machinery or mechanical equipment of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Examining machines and mechanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dismantling or partly dismantling
machines and performing repairs that mainly involve the use of handtools in
scraping and fitting parts; replacing broken or defective parts with items
obtained from stock; ordering the production of a replacement part by a
machine shop or sending the machine to a machine shop for major repairs;
preparing written specifications for major repairs or for the production of
parts ordered from machine shops; reassembling machines; and making all
necessary adjustments for operation. In general, the work of a machinery
maintenance mechanic requires rounded training and experience usually
acquired through a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex­
perience. Excluded from this classification are workers whose primary
duties involve setting up or adjusting machines.

MAINTENANCE ELECTRICIAN
P erform s a variety of electrical trade functions such as the in­
stallation, maintenance, or repair of equipment for the generation, d istri­
bution, or utilization of electric energy in an establishment. Work involves
m ost of the following: Installing or repairing any of a variety of electrical
equipment such as generators, tran sfo rm ers, switchboards, controllers,
circuit b reak ers, m o to rs, heating units, conduit system s, or other tran s­
m ission equipment; working from blueprints, drawings, layouts, or other
specifications; locating and diagnosing trouble in the electrical system or
equipment; working standard computations relating to load requirements of
wiring or electrical equipment; and using a variety of electrician's handtools
and measuring and testing instruments. In general, the work of the main­
tenance electrician requires rounded training and experience usually acquired
through a form al apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE PAINTER
Paints and redecorates w alls, woodwork, and fixtures of an estab­
lishm ent. Work involves the following: Knowledge of surface peculiarities
and types of paint required for different applications; preparing surface for
painting by removing old finish or by placing putty or filler in nail holes
and interstices; and applying paint with spray gun or brush. May mix colors,
o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper color or con­
sistency. In general, the work of the maintenance painter requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a formal apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.
MAINTENANCE MACHINIST
Produces replacement parts and new parts in making repairs of
m etal parts of mechanical equipment operated in an establishment. Work in­
volves most of the following: Interpreting written instructions and specifica­
tions; planning and laying out of work; using a variety of m achinist's handtools and precision measuring instruments; setting up and operating standard




MAINTENANCE MECHANIC (MOTOR VEHICLE)
Repairs automobiles, buses, motortrucks, and tractors of an estab­
lishment. Work involves most of the following: Examining automotive
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; disassembling equipment and per­
forming repairs that involve the use of such handtools as wrenches, gauges,
d rills, or specialized equipment in disassembling or fitting parts; replacing
broken or defective parts from stock; grinding and adjusting valves; r e ­
assembling and installing the various assem blies in the vehicle and making
necessary adjustments; and aligning wheels, adjusting brakes and lights, or
tightening body bolts. In general, the work of the motor vehicle maintenance
mechainc requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through
a formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.
This classification d o e s not i n c l u d e
custom ers' vehicles in automobile repair shops.

mechanics

who

repair

MAINTENANCE PIPEFITTER
Installs or repairs water, steam, gas, or other types of pipe and
pipefittings in an establishment. Work involves m ost of the following: Laying
out work and measuring to locate position of pipe from drawings or other
written specifications; cutting various sizes of pipe to correct lengths with
chisel and hammer or oxyacetylene torch or pipe-cutting machines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by hand-driven or power-driven
machines; assembling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
making standard shop computations relating to pressu res, flow, and size of
pipe required; and making standard tests to determine whether finished pipes
meet specifications. In general, the work of the maintenance pipefitter
requires rounded training and experience usually acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience. Workers primarily
engaged in installing and repairing building sanitation or heating systems
are excluded.

MAINTENANCE SH E E T -M E T A L WORKER

MACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)— Continued

Fabricates, in sta lls, and maintains in good repair the sheet-m etal
equipment and fixtures (such as machine guards, grease pans, shelves,
lockers, tanks, ventilators, chutes, ducts, metal roofing) of an establishment.
Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out all types of
sheet-m etal maintenance work from blueprints, m odels, or other specifica­
tions; setting up and operating all available types of sheet-m etal working
machines; using a variety of handtools in cutting, bending, forming, shaping,
fitting, and assem bling; and installing sheet-m etal articles as required. In
general, the work of the maintenance sheet-m etal worker requires rounded
training and experience usually acquired through a form al apprenticeship or
equivalent training and experience.

work of a machine-tool operator (toolroom) at the skill level called for in
this classification requires extensive knowledge of machine-shop and too l­
room practice usually acquired through considerable on-the-job training and
experience.
For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include machine-tool operators (toolroom) employed in tool and die jobbing
shops.
TOOL AND DIE MAKER
Constructs and repairs jig s, fixtures, cutting tools, gauges, or
metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or nonmetallic
material (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass).
Work typically involves:
Planning and laying out work according to m odels, blueprints, drawings, or
other written or oral specifications; understanding the working properties of
common metals and alloys; selecting appropriate m aterials, tools, and
processes required to complete task; making necessary shop computations;
setting up and operating various machine tools and related equipment; using
various tool and die m aker's handtools and precision measuring instruments;
working to very close tolerances; heat-treating metal parts and finished tools
and dies to achieve required qualities; fitting and assembling parts to p re­
scribed tolerances and allowances.
In general, the tool and die m aker's
work requires rounded training in machine-shop and toolroom practice
usually acquired through formal apprenticeship or equivalent training and
experience.

MILLWRIGHT
Installs new machines or heavy equipment, and dismantles and
installs machines or heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
required. Work involves most of the following: Planning and laying out work;
interpreting blueprints or other specifications; using a variety of handtools
and rigging; making standard shop computations relating to s tr e sse s, strength
of m aterials, and centers of gravity; aligning and balancing equipment;
selecting standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing and
maintaining in good order power transm ission equipment such as drives and
speed reducers. In general, the m illwright's work normally requires a
rounded training and experience in the trade acquired through a formal
apprenticeship or equivalent training and experience.

For cross-industry wage study purposes, this classification does not
include tool and die makers who (1) are employed in tool and die jobbing
shops or (2) produce forging dies (die sinkers).

MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPER
A ssists one or more workers in the skilled maintenance trades, by
performing specific or general duties of lesser skill, such as keeping a
worker supplied with m aterials and tools; cleaning working area, machine,
and equipment; assisting journeyman by holding materials or tools; and
performing other unskilled tasks as directed by journeyman. The kind of
work the helper is permitted to perform varies from trade to trade: In
some trades the helper is confined to supplying, lifting, and holding materials
and tools, and cleaning working areas; and in others he is permitted to
perform specialized machine operations, or parts of a trade that are also
performed by workers on a full-tim e basis.

STATIONARY ENGINEER
Operates and maintains one or more system s which provide an
establishment with such services as heat, air-conditioning (cool, humidify,
dehumidify, filter, and circulate air), refrigeration, steam or high-tem perature water, or electricity. Duties involve: Observing and interpreting
readings on gauges, m eters, and charts which register various aspects of
the system 's operation; adjusting controls to insure safe and efficient opera­
tion of the system and to meet demands for the service provided; recording
in logs various aspects of the system 's operation; keeping the engines,
machinery, and equipment of the system in good working order.
May direct
and coordinate activities of other workers (not stationary engineers) in p er­
forming tasks directly related to operating and maintaining the system or
system s.

M ACHINE-TOOL OPERATOR (TOOLROOM)
Specializes in operating one or more than one type of machine
tool (e.g ., jig borer, grinding machine, engine lathe, milling machine) to
machine metal for use in making or maintaining jig s, fixtures, cutting tools,
gauges, or metal dies or molds used in shaping or forming metal or
nonmetallic m aterial (e .g ., plastic, plaster, rubber, glass). Work typically
involves: Planning and performing difficult machining operations which
require complicated setups or a high degree of accuracy; setting up machine
tool or tools (e .g ., install cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, working
tables, and other controls to handle the size of stock to be machined;
determine proper feeds, speeds, tooling, and operation sequence or select
those prescribed in drawings, blueprints, or layouts); using a variety of
precision measuring instruments; making necessary adjustments during
machining operation to achieve requisite dimensions to very close tolerances.
May be required to select proper coolants and cutting and lubricating oils,
to recognize when tools need dressing, and to dress tools. In general, the




The classification excludes head or chief engineers in establishments
employing more than one engineer; workers required to be skilled in the
repair of electronic control equipment; and workers in establishments pro­
ducing electricity, steam, or heated or cooled air prim arily for sale.
BOILER TENDER
Tends one or more boilers to produce steam or high-temperature
water for use in an establishment.
F ires boiler.
Observes and interprets
readings on gauges, m eters, and charts which register various aspects of
boiler operation. Adjusts controls to insure safe and efficient boiler opera­
tion and to meet demands for steam or high-temperature water.
May also

38

BOILER TENDER— Continued

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER— Continued

do one or m ore of the following: Maintain a log in which various aspects
of boiler operation are recorded; clean, oil, make minor repairs or assist
in repairs to boilerroom equipment; and, following prescribed methods,
treat boiler water with chem icals and analyze boiler water for such things
as acidity, causticity, and alkalinity.

receipts, or other records; checking for damaged goods; insuring that
goods are appropriately identified for routing to departments within the
establishment; preparing and keeping records of goods received.
For wage study purposes, workers are classified as follows:

The classification excludes workers in establishments producting
electricity, steam , or heated or cooled air primarily for sale.

Shipper
Receiver
Shipper~and receiver

Material Movement and Custodial

WAREHOUSEMAN
TRUCKDRIVER
As directed, performs a variety of warehousing duties which require
an understanding of the establishment's storage plan. Work involves most
of the following: Verifying materials (or merchandise) against receiving
documents, noting and reporting discrepancies and obvious damages; routing
materials to prescribed storage locations; storing, stacking, or palletizing
materials in accordance with prescribed storage methods; rearranging and
taking inventory of stored m aterials; examining stored materials and r e ­
porting deterioration and damage; removing material from storage and
preparing it for shipment. May operate hand or power trucks in performing
warehousing duties.

Drives a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m aterials, merchandise, equipment, or workers between various types of
establishments such a s: Manufacturing plants, freight depots, warehouses,
wholesale and retail establishments, or fcetween retail establishments and
cu stom ers' houses or places of business. May also load or unload truck
with or without h elpers, make minor mechanical repairs, and keep truck in
good working order. Salesroute and over-the-road drivers are excluded.
For wage study purposes, truckdrivers are classified by type and
rated capacity of truck, as follows:

Exclude workers whose primary duties involve shipping and r e ­
ceiving work (see Shipper and Receiver and Shipping Packer), order filling(see Order F ille r), or operating power trucks (see Pow er-Truck Operator).

Truckdriver, light truck
(straight truck, under IV2 tons, usually 4 wheels)
Truckdriver, medium truck
(straight truck, IV2 to 4 tons inclusive, usually 6 wheels)
Truckdriver, heavy truck
(straight truck, over 4 tons, usually 10 wheels)
Truckdriver, tractor-trailer

ORDER FILLER
F ills shipping or transfer orders for finished goods from stored
merchandise in accordance with specifications on sales slips, customers'
orders, or other instructions. May, in addition to filling orders and in­
dicating items filled or omitted, keep records of outgoing orders, requisition
additional stock or report short supplies to supervisor, and perform other
related duties.

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER
P erform s clerical and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishment in which employed and receiving incoming
shipments.
In performing day-to-day, routine tasks, follows established
guidelines.
In handling unusual nonroutine problems, receives specific guid­
ance from supervisor or other officials. May direct and coordinate the
activities of other workers engaged in handling goods to be shipped or being
received.

SHIPPING PACKER
Prepares finished products for shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the specific operations performed being dependent
upon the type, size, and number of units to be packed, the type of container
employed, and method of shipment.
Work requires the placing of items in
shipping containers and may involve one or more of the following: Knowledge
of various items of stock in order to verify content; selection of appropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosures in container; using excelsior
or other material to prevent breakage or damage; closing and sealing
container; and applying labels or entering identifying data on container.
Packers who also make wooden boxes or crates are excluded.

Shippers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying that orders are accurately filled by comparing items and quantities
of goods gathered for shipment against documents; insuring that shipments
are properly packaged, identified with shipping information, and loaded into
transporting vehicles; preparing and keeping records of goods shipped, e .g .,
m anifests, bills of lading.
Receivers typically are responsible for most of the following:
Verifying the correctness of incoming shipments by comparing items and
quantities unloaded against bills of lading, invoices, m anifests, storage




39

M ATERIAL HANDLING LABORER

GUARD— Continued

A worker employed in a warehouse, manufacturing plant, store, or
other establishment whose duties involve one or more of the following;
Loading and unloading various rtiaterials and merchandise on or from freight
cars, trucks, or other transporting devices; unpacking, shelving, or placing
materials or merchandise in proper storage location; and transporting
materials or merchandise by handtruck, car, or wheelbarrow.
Longshore
workers, who load and unload ships, are excluded.

Guards employed by establishments which provide protective s e r ­
vices on a contract basis are included in this occupation.
For wage study purposes, guards are classified as follows:
Class A . Enforces regulations designed to prevent breaches of
security. Exercises judgment and uses discretion in dealing with em er­
gencies and security violations encountered.
Determines whether first
response should be to intervene directly (asking for assistance when deemed
necessary and time allows), to keep situation under surveillance, or to re ­
port situation so that it cam be handled by appropriate authority.
Duties
require specialized training in methods and techniques of protecting security
areas. Commonly, the guard is required to demonstrate continuing physical
fitness and proficiency with firearm s or other special weapons.

POW ER-TRUCK OPERATOR
Operates a manually controlled gasoline- or electric-pow ered truck
or tractor to transport goods and m aterials of all kinds about a warehouse,
manufacturing plant, or other establishment.

Class B . Carries out instructions prim arily oriented toward in­
suring that emergencies and security violations are readily discovered and
reported to appropriate authority. Intervenes directly only in situations which
require minimal action to safeguard property or persons.
Duties require
minimal training.
Commonly, the guard is not required to demonstrate
physical fitness. May be armed, but generally is not required to demonstrate
proficiency in the use of firearm s or special weapons.

For wage study purposes, workers are classified by type of powertruck, as follows:
Forklift operator
Pow er-truck operator (other than forklift)

JANITOR, PORTER, OR CLEANER
Cleans and keeps in an orderly condition factory working areas and
washroom s, or prem ises of an office, apartment house, or com m ercial or
other establishment. Duties involve a combination of the following: Sweeping,
mopping or scrubbing, and polishing floors; removing chips, trash, and other
refuse; dusting equipment, furniture, or fixtures; polishing metal fixtures or
trim m ings; providing supplies and minor maintenance serv ices; and cleaning,
lavatories, showers, and restroom s. W orkers who specialize in window
washing are excluded.

GUARD
Protects property from theft or damage, or persons from hazards
or interference. Duties involve serving at a fixed post, making rounds on
foot or by m otor vehicle, or escorting persons or property. May be deputized
to make a rrests. May also help visitors and customers by answering
questions and giving directions.




40

Area Wage
Surveys
A list of the latest bulletins available is presented below. Bulletins
may be purchased from any of the BLS regional offices shown on the back
cover, or from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D .C. 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
Documents. A directory of occupational wage surveys, covering the years
1970 through 1977, is available on request.

A rea
Akron, Ohio, Dec. 1978 _______________________________________
Albany—
Schenectady—Troy, N. Y ., Sept. 1979_______________
Anaheim—
Santa Ana—Garden Grove,
C alif., Oct. 1979______________________________________________
Atlanta, G a., May 1979________________________________________
Baltim ore, M d., Aug. 1979___________________________________
Billings, Mont., July 1979____________________________________
Birmingham, A la ., M ar. 1978________________________________
Boston, M a ss., Aug. 1979_____________________________________
Buffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
Canton, Ohio, May 1978_______________________________________
Chattanooga, Tenn.—
Ga., Sept. 1979__________________________
Chicago, 111., May 1979________________________________________
Cincinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., July 1979 1______________________
Cleveland, Ohio, Sept. 1979___________________________________
Columbus, Ohio, Oct. 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
Corpus Christi, T ex., July 1979 1___________________________
Dallas—
Fort Worth, T ex., Oct. 1978 1
________________________
Davenport—
Rock Island—
Moline, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1979______
Dayton, Ohio, Dec. 1978 ______________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1979 1 ___________________________
Denver—
Boulder, C olo., Dec. 1978___________________________
Detroit, Mich., M ar. 1979 1 ___________________________________
Fresno, C alif., June 1979____________________________________
Gainesville, F la ., Sept. 1979___________________ _____________
Gary—
Hammond— ast Chicago, Ind., Oct. 1979 1____________
E
Green Bay, W is ., July 1979_____________ -____________________
Greensboro— inston-Salem —
W
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1979_______________________________________________
Greenville—
Spartanburg, S .C ., June 1979 1 _________________
Hartford, Conn., M ar. 1979___________________________________
Houston, T ex., A pr. 1979_____________________________________
Huntsville, A la ., Feb. 1979___________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979_________________ —______________
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
Jacksonville, F la ., Dec. 1978 ________________________________
Kansas City, M o.— an s., Sept. 1979 1 _______________________
K
Los Angeles—Long Beach, C alif., Oct. 1979________________
Louisville, K y.-In d., Nov. 19 7 8 ______________________________
M emphis, Tenn.— rk.—M is s ., Nov. 1979 1 __________________
A




Bulletin number
and price *
2025-63, $1 .0 0
2050-46, $1 .5 0
2050-48,
2050-20,
2050-42,
2050-43,
2025-15,
2050-50,
2025-71,
2025-22,
2050-39,
2050-21,
2050-28,
2050-47,
2025-59,
2050-33,
2025-52,
2050-10,
2025-66,
2050-41,
2025-68,
2050-7,
2050-25,
2050-45,
2050-60,
2050-31,

$1 .5 0
$1.30
$1 .7 5
$1.50
80 cents
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .3 0
70 cents
$1 .5 0
$ 1 .7 5
$2 .0 0
$ 1 .7 5
$1.50
$ 1 .7 5
$1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$1 .5 0
$ 1.50
$1 .5 0
$ 2 .2 5
$1 .5 0

2050-49,
2050-29,
2050-12,
2050-15,
2050-3,
2050-54,
2050-9,
2025-67,
2050-58,
2050-59,
2025-69,
2050-56,

$1.50
$ 1 .7 5
$1.10
$ 1 .3 0
$1 .0 0
$2 .2 5
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 2 .7 5
$ 2 .2 5
$ 1 .0 0
$ 2 .2 5

Area
Miami, F la., Oct. 1979_______________________________________
Milwaukee, W is., Apr. 1979__________________________________
Minneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________
Nassau—
Suffolk, N. Y ., June 1979____________________________
Newark, N .J ., Jan. 1979______________________________________
New Orleans, La., Oct. 1979_________________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1979_____________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—
N .C ., May 1979 1 _____________________________________________
Norfolk—Virginia Beach^Portsmouth and
Newport News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., May 1978------------------N
Northeast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1979 1 ------------------------------------Oklahoma City, Okla., Aug. 1979____________________________
Omaha, Nebr.—
Iowa, Oct. 1979_______________________________
Paterson— lifton-Passaic, N.J., June 1979_____________ ,___
C
Philadelphia, Pa.—
N.J., Nov. 1979 1 ________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________
Portland, Oreg.—Wash., May 1979____________________________
Poughkeepsie, N. Y ., June 1979_______________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh,N .Y ., June 1979_________
Providence—
Warwick—Pawtucket, R.I.—
M a ss., June 1979 1 __________________________________________
Richmond, Va., June 1979____________________________________
St. Louis, Mo.—
111., Mar. 1979 1 _____________________________
Sacramento, C alif., Dec. 1978 _______________________________
Saginaw, Mich., Nov. 1979 1 __________________________________
Salt Lake City—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978 1 _____________________
San Antonio, Tex., May 1979__________________________________
San Diego, C alif., Nov. 1978__________________________________
San Francisco—
Oakland, C alif., Mar. 1979__________________
San Jose, C alif., Mar. 1979___________________________________
Seattle—
Everett, Wash., Dec. 1978___________________________
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1979 1_________________________________
Toledo, Ohio-M ich., May 1979_______________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1979_____________________________________
Utica—Rome, N .Y ., July 1978_________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., M ar. 1979______________________
Wichita, K ans., Apr. 1979____________________________________
W orcester, M a ss., Apr. 1979________________________________
York, Pa., Feb. 1979_________________________________________

Bulletin number
and price *
2050-55,
2050-8,
2050-1,
2050-36,
2050-5,
2050-53,
2050-30,

$2.25
$1.30
$1.30
$1.75
$1.30
$2.25
$1.75

2050-22, $1.75
2025-21,
2050-32,
2050-37,
2050-51,
2050-26,
2050-57,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2050-27,
2050-34,
2050-35,

80 cents
$1.75
$1.50
$ 1.50
$1.50
$3.00
$1.50
$1.20
$1.75
$1.50
$1.50

2050-38,
2050-24,
2050-13,
2025-75,
2050-52,
2025-72,
2050-17,
2025-73,
2050-14,
2050-19,
2025-74,
2050-44,
2050-16,
2050-40,
2025-34,
2050-4,
2050-18,
2050-23,
2050-6,

$1.75
$1.50
$1.50
$ 1.00
$1.75
$1.30
$ 1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
$1.00
$ 1.75
$1.10
$1.50
$1.00
$1.20
$ 1.00
$1.50
$1.00

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
Region I

Region II

Region III

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

3535 Market Street,
P O Box 13309
Philadelphia, Pa. 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

Suite 540
1371 Peachtree St., N.E.
Atlanta, Ga. 30309
Phone 881-4418 (Area Code 404)

Connecticut
Maine
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
Rhode Island
Vermont

New Jersey
New York
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands

Delaware
District of Columbia
Maryland
Pennsylvania
Virginia
West Virginia

Alabama
Florida
Georgia
Kentucky
Mississippi
North Carolina
South Carolina
Tennessee

Region V

Region VI

Regions VII and VIII

Regions IX and X

9th Floor, 230 S Dearborn St.
Chicago, III. 60604
Phone: 353-1880 (AreaCode312)

Second Floor
555 Griffin Square Building
Dallas, Tex. 75202
Phone: 767-6971 (AreaCode214)

Federal Office Building
911 Walnut St., 15th Floor
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Phone 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

450 Golden Gate Ave.
Box 36017
San Francisco, Calif. 94102
Phone 556-4678 (Area Code 415)

Arkansas
Louisiana
New Mexico
Oklahoma
Texas

VII
Iowa
Kansas
Missouri
Nebraska

IX
Arizona
California
Hawaii
Nevada

Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
Minnesota
Ohio
Wisconsin




VIII
Colorado
Montana
North Dakota
South Dakota
Utah
Wyoming

X
Alaska
Idaho
Oregon
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