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^ io S < o - S f

Area
Wage
Survey

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-59




Los Angeles-Long Beach,
California, Metropolitan Area
October 1979

Preface
T h is bulletin provid es resu lts o f an O ctober 1979 su rvey of occupa­
tion al earnings in the Los A n g eles—Long Beach, C a lifo rn ia , Standard
M etrop olitan S ta tistica l A re a .
The su rvey was made as p art of the Bureau
o f L ab or S tatistics' annual area w age su rvey p rogram .
It was conducted
by the B u reau 's reg io n a l o ffic e in San F ra n cisco , C a lif., under the gen era l
d ire c tio n o f Susan Holland, A ssista n t R egion al C om m issio n er fo r Operations.
The su rvey could not have been accom plished without the cooperation o f the
m any fir m s whose w age and s a la ry data p rovided the basis fo r the sta tistica l
inform ation in t h i s
bulletin.
The Bureau w ishes to exp ress sin cere
appreciation fo r the cooperation received .
M a te ria l in this publication is in the public domain and m ay be
reproduced without p erm issio n of the F e d e r a l Governm ent.
P le a s e c re d it
the Bureau o f L ab or S tatistics and c ite the name and number o f this
publication.

Note:
A v a ila b le fo r the Los A n geles—Long Beach area a re rep orts on
occupational earnings and supplem entary benefits fo r the m ach in ery manu­
factu rin g (January 1978), com puter and data p ro cessin g s e rv ic e s (M arch
1978), m e n 's shirts and separate tro u sers (M a y 1978), hospitals (M a y 1978),
hotels and m otels (M a y 1978), auto d e a le r re p a ir shops (June 1978), and
nursing and p erson al c a re fa c ilitie s (June 1978). A re p o rt on occupational
earnings alone is a vailab le fo r the refu se hauling industry (O ctob er 1979).
L istin gs of union w age rates fo r both the c itie s o f Los A n geles and Long
Beach a re ava ila b le fo r building trades, printing trades, lo c a l-tra n s it
operating em ployees, lo c a l tru c k d riv e rs and helpers, and g r o c e r y store
em p loyees. A ls o availab le is a re p o rt on occupational earnings a n d
supplem entary benefits fo r m unicipal governm ent em ployees o f the city of
L o s A n g eles.
F r e e copies of these a re availab le fro m the Bureau' s region a l
o ffic e s . (See back c o v e r fo r a d d resses.)




Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Los Angeles-Long Beach,
California, Metropolitan Area
October 1979
Contents

Page

Page

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood, Commissioner
Introduction_________________________________________

2

A pril 1980
Tables:

Bulletin 2050-59

For sale by the Superintendent of
Documents. U.S. Government Printing Of­
fice. W ashington, D.C. 20402, GPO
Bookstores, or BLS Regional Offices listed
on back cover. Price $2.25. Make checks
payable to Superintendent of Documents.




Earnings, all establishments:
A- l .
Weeklv earniners of office workers
Weekly earnings of professional
A -2.
and technical w orkers
_
Average weekly earnings of
A-3.
office, professional, and
t e c h n i c a l w o r k e r s , by sex ,
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
A -4.
toolroom, and powerplant

3
6

8

„
A-5.
A-6.

A -l.

Hourly earnings of m aterial
movement and custodial w o r k e r s . _
Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, pow erplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial workers, by sex
Percent increases in average
hourly earnings fo r selected

11

13

Average pay relationships
within establishments

A-9.

Average pay relationships
within establishments

15
for b lu e -c o lla r w o rk e rs

16

Earnings, large establishments:
17
A - l 1. Weekly earnings of professional
20
A-12. Average weekly earnings of
office, professional, and
technical w orkers, by sex

Earnings, large establishments—
Continued
A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom, and powerplant
w o rk e rs __________________________________24
A -14. Hourly earnings of m aterial
movement and custodial
w o rk ers__________________________________25
A -15. Average hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, m aterial movement, and
custodial workers, by sex______________ 26

10

14
A -8.

Tables— Continued

22

Appendix A. Scope and method of survey__________ 29
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions_____________ 32

Introduction

This a rea is 1 o f 72 in which the U.S. Departm ent of L a b o r's
Bureau o f L a b o r S tatistics conducts su rveys of occupational earnings and
rela ted ben efits.
(See lis t of areas on in side back c o v e r .) In each a rea ,
earnings data fo r sele c te d occupations (A - s e r ie s ta b le s ) a re co llected
annually.
In form ation on establishm ent p ra c tic e s and supplem entary wage
benefits (B - s e r ie s ta b le s ) is obtained e v e r y third yea r.
T h is re p o rt has
no B - s e r ie s tables.

m a n u fa ctu rin g and nonm anu factu rin g in d u s tr ie s . T h e o ccu p atio n s a r e d e fin e d
in A p p e n d ix B. F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b le s A - 10 th ro u gh A - 15
p r o v id e s im ila r data fo r e s ta b lis h m e n ts e m p lo y in g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A - 7 p r o v id e s p e rc e n t c h an ges in a v e r a g e h o u r ly e a rn in g s
o f o f f ic e c le r ic a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u s tr ia l
n u rs e s , s k ille d m ain ten a n ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n s k ille d plant w o r k e r s .
W h e re p o s s ib le , data a r e p re s e n te d f o r a l l in d u s tr ie s and f o r m a n u fa c ­
tu rin g and n onm anu facturin g s e p a r a te ly . D ata a r e not p r e s e n te d f o r s k ille d
m a in te n a n c e w o r k e r s in n on m an u factu rin g b e c a u s e the n u m b er o f w o r k e r s
e m p lo y e d in this occu p atio n al gro u p in n o n m an u fa ctu rin g is to o s m a ll to
w a r r a n t s e p a ra te p re s e n ta tio n .
T h is ta b le p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w a g e
tr e n d s a ft e r e lim in a tio n o f chan ges in a v e r a g e e a rn in g s c a u s e d by e m p lo y ­
m en t sh ifts am ong e s ta b lis h m e n ts as w e l l as tu r n o v e r o f e s ta b lis h m e n ts
in c lu d e d in s u rv e y s a m p le s . F o r fu r th e r d e ta ils , s e e a p p en d ix A .

Each y e a r a fte r a ll individual a re a w age surveys have been c o m ­
p leted. two sum m ary bulletins a re issued.
The fir s t brings togeth er data
fo r each m etrop olita n a re a su rveyed; the second presents national and
reg io n a l estim a tes, p ro je c te d fr o m individual m etrop olitan a rea data, fo r
a ll Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A r e a s in the United States, excluding
A lask a and Haw aii.
A m a jo r con sid eration in the a rea w age su rvey p ro g ra m is the need
to d escrib e the le v e l and m ovem ent of w ages in a v a r ie ty of labor m ark ets,
through the analysis of (1) the le v e l and distribu tion o f w ages by occupation,
and (2) the m ovem ent o f w ages by occupational c a te g o ry and sk ill le v e l. The
p ro g ra m d evelops in form a tion that m ay be used fo r many pu rposes, including
w age and s a la ry adm in istration , c o lle c tiv e bargaining, and a ssistan ce in
determ ining plant location. S u rvey resu lts also a re used by the U.S. D e p a rt­
ment o f L a b o r to make w age d eterm in ation s under the S e rv ic e C ontract A c t
o f 1965.

T a b le s A - 8 and A - 9 p r o v id e f o r th e f i r s t tim e m e a s u r e s o f a v e r a g e
p ay r e la tio n s h ip s w ith in e s ta b lis h m e n ts .
T h e s e m ea su res m ay d iffe r co n ­
s id e r a b ly f r o m the pay r e la tio n s h ip s o f o v e r a l l a v e r a g e s p u b lis h e d in ta b le s
A - l th ro u gh A -6 . S ee ap pendix A fo r d e ta ils .

Appendixes

A - s e r ie s tables

Appendix A d escrib es the m ethods and concepts used in the area
wage su rvey p rogram and p rovides in form ation on the scope of the survey.

T a b le s A - l through A - 6 p ro vid e estim ates o f stra ig h t-tim e w eek ly
or hou rly earnings fo r w o rk e rs in occupations com m on to a v a r ie ty of

Appendix B p rovides job descrip tion s
p resen tatives to c la s s ify w ork ers by occupation.




2

used by

Bureau fie ld

re­

Earnings: All establishments
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

N U M B E R OF

Average
weekly
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

W O RK ER S R F C E I V I N G

STRAIGHT-TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

<TN D O L L A R S 1 OF —

110
AND
UN DE R
120

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

3 20

340

360

383

400

420

440

460

480

500

140

160

180

200

223

240

260

280

300

320

3 40

360

380

400

420

4 40

460

4 80

500

5 20

-

~
-

182
2
183
~

651 1869 29 73 2598 3033
94
40 7
894
928 1066
557 1462 2079 1670 1967
1
40
130
155
147

25 4 9 2283
11 13 1154
14 36 1129
159
149

1580
824
756
27 4

1533 1469
75 5
611
77 8
858
10 9
127

862
288
574
59

291
99
192
64

207
55
152
48

171
54
117
27

53
13
40
3

17
7
10
-

2
2
2

1
1

_
-

_
-

_
-

17
13
4
2

5
5
2

30
1
29
10

81
26
55
6

199
115
84
8

157
56
101
29

86
46
40
7

125
66
59
13

85
59
26
8

22
12
10
7

31
20
11
4

43
18
25
18

17
11
6
3

2
2

2

S E C R E T A R I E S ..............................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

22.324
8.365
13.950
1 .494

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S A ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ........ ...........
NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

9J3
446
457
119

39.5
40.0
39.0
38.5

32 4. 50
32 9. 50
3 2 0 . CO
3 3 9. 00

315.00
3 2 9 . JO
311.50
3 3 1 . JO

287.50287.50284.50303.30-

3 5 2. 00
3 6 3. 03
3 5 0. 00
39 3. 53

-

_
-

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S R ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

3.568
1.815
1 .753
351

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.0

29 7 . 5 0
30 6. 30
2 8 9 . ?0
30 0. 00

290.57
30 6 . 0 0
27 6 . 0 0
2 8 9 . JO

260.30277.50250.00252.50-

3 3 0 . C3
3 3 8. 03
3 1 6. 00
34 3. 50

-

-

_

-

-

_
-

35
17
18
1

191
100
91
9

304
98
206
37

352
74
278
61

5 34
207
327
46

627
311
316
49

417
326
91
23

353
2 41
112
29

291
186
105
23

187
146
41
23

110
47
63
28

70
31
39
17

70
24
46
5

12
2
10

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..... .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

7.198
3.616
3.582
46 n

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

26 5. 50
27 3. 50
25 7 . 5 0
29 9. 03

260.30
27 0 . 3 0
25 2 . 3 0
29 3 . 5 0

228.00234.50218.50249.53-

2 9 4. 50
3 1 0. 00
28 1 . 5 0
34 8. 50

-

-

146
40
106

-

“

1
1

46 7
129
33 R
7

952
475
477
18

826
354
472
67

1152
461
691
49

11 00
570
5 30
55

921
541
3 80
49

446
283
163
50

4 31
32 5
10 6
36

441
326
115
73

83
65
18
12

124
31
93
25

63
4
59
17

34
12
22
2

SECRETARIES.

C L A S S 0 ................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . .....................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...........
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

6.248
1.842
4.406
43 3

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

25 0. 50
25 7. 50
24 7. 50
26 9. 50

24 2 . 3 0
252.50
23 8 . 3 0
26 5. 50

213.00228.00207.00216.30-

27 6. 00
28 2 . 0 0
27 0. 50
31 8. 50

_
-

_
-

29

213
20
193
-

5 2 4 1155 1018 1230
79
421
203
361
445
952
657
809
98
28
49
23

6 27
271
356
48

320
168
152
13

341
146
195
118

413
127
286
39

253
19
234

87
18
69
2

23
9
14
2

11
~
11
8

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S E ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...........
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2. 84 1
64 6
2.195
134

39.5
38.5
39.5
40.0

21 6. 00
2 2 6 . GO
21 2. 50
3 0 6. 50

205.00
220.30
203.00
310.50

185.33195.50184.00293.53-

23 1. 50
24 7 . 0 0
22 6. 50
32 5. 53

-

-

152
2
150
-

285
34
251
1

820
182
638
4

605
103
502
3

411
115
296
-

208
109
99
4

46
39
7
4

75
19
56
30

101
13
88
54

86
16
70
16

30
14
16
-

17
17
14

2
2
2

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . . . .......................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

1.234
583
651
251

39.5
40.0
39.0
39 .5

25 5. 50
27 1. 50
24 1. 50
27 9. 50

25 6 . 5 0
277.30
233.00
277.50

209.00230.00196.00236.53-

29 4 . 0 0
31 1 . 0 0
27 7. 50
31 0. 50

_

1
1
-

12
~
12
~

86
3
83
6

89
16
73
1

192
104
88
14

157
48
109
47

101
63
38
24

1 58
67
91
37

143
72
71
57

143
121
22
8

11 9
86
33
27

16
“
16
16

3
3

STENOGRAPHERS.

S E N I O R ...............
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

694
401
29 3

39.5
40 .0
39.0

26 7. 50
28 7. 50
2 4 0 . JO

275.50
29 0 . 5 0
22 8 . 3 0

222.50260.50189.00-

31 2. 00
31 5. 00
27 6 . 0 0

_
-

_
-

43
43

63
12
51

60
26
34

72
20
52

54
42
12

10 9
58
51

72
69
3

101
87
14

103
84
19

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L . . . . ........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

540
182
358
21 3

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

24 0. 50
23 7. 00
24 2. 50
26 7. 30

2 3 3 . JO
22 2 . 5 0
236.50
266.50

202.00200.50207.00234.00-

28 4 . 0 0
271.50
287.50
293.50

-

1
1

12
12

43
3
40
6

26
4
22
1

132
78
54
14

85
28
57
47

47
21
26
24

49
9
40
37

71
3
68
54

42
34
8

NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...........

640

38.0

19 8. 50

19 7 . 5 0

178.50-

21 2 . 0 0

-

-

51

165
165

110

187

68

44

19
3

T Y P I S T S ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

3.533
1 .348
2.185

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

19 5. 00
2 1 9. 50
17 9. 50
2 0 6. 00

180.30
205.30
17 2 . 0 0
201.30

162.00184.00159.00179.00-

21 2 . 3 3
24 3 . 0 0
19 4 . 0 0
20 9 . 5 0

~
~

172
~
172

534
84
450
3

974
183
791
17

713
357
356
6

42 7
167
260
35

233
206
27
2

102
90
12
2

76

39.5 * 2 6 7 . 0 0 * 2 58 .0 0 * 2 1 9 . 3 3 - * 3 3 8 . 3 0
39.5
27 6. 50
275.30
2 3 5 . 3 0 - 31 4. 50
39.5
2 6 1. 00
2 5 0 . JO
2 1 3 . 3 0 - 30 0. 00
39.5
29 4 . 5 0
293.50
2 4 7 . 3 0 - 3 3 2. 03

-

_
-

29

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




3

82
44
38
6

“

122
89
33

1
1
-

15
5
10
-

-

-

11
11

■

-

-

4
4
2

-

-

“

-

3
3
2

-

_
-

-

-

-

"

“

-

14

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

_
-

3
3
-

_
-

14
14

-

-

“

“

-

16
2
14
14

16
16
16

_

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12
12
100
68
32
5

2
2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
-

_
-

1
1
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

68
58
10

4
4

-

“

_

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours *
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G

Middle range 2

ST RA I G H T -T IM E

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN D O L L A R S I

OF—

110
AND
UNDER
120

120

140

160

18 0

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

34 0

36 0

380

400

420

440

460

4 80

500

140

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

3 40

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

50 0

520

14

61
61

207
16
191

271
110
161

242
72
170

100
75
25

69
58
11

42
29
13

25
18
7

63
30
33

66
56
10

4
4

1
1
-

-

1
1
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

767
167
600
17

442
247
195
1

185
95
90
28

133
131
2
1

33
32
1
1

20
15
5
5

50
50
-

59
59
-

2
2
-

_

_

158
-

473
84
389
3

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_
-

-

644
42
602
5

735
17
718
41

374
59
315
16

181
63
118
16

127
29
98
3

49
35
14
-

81
74
7
3

54
17
37
3

47
30
17
9

45
14
31
11

31
4
27
16

48
2
46
5

14
14
14

42
42
42

4
4
4

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

-

“

-

_

32
32

31
31

92
92

91
89

14
14

_

_

_

46
44

2
2

4
4

_
“

-

-

4
-

-

-

14
7

-

“

TYPISTS— CONTINUED

_

T Y P I S T S * C L A S S A .....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

1.166
466
700

39 .0 * 2 1 5 . 5 0 * 2 0 2 . 0 0 * 1 8 0 . 0 0 - * 2 35 .0 0
39.5
24 2 . 0 0
235.00
1 9 7 . 0 0 - 27 4 . 0 0
39.0
19 8 . 0 0
18 8 . 0 0
1 7 0 . 5 0 - 21 4 . 0 3

_

TY PI S T S . C L A S S 0 .....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

2.32?
882
1*440
56

39.5
40.0
39 .0
40.0

18 3. 00
208.00
167.50
19 8 . 0 0

173.00
198.00
165.00
201.00

1 5 9 . 5 0 - 1 9 9. 50
1 7 6 . 0 0 - 23 0 . 0 0
1 5 3 . 3 0 - 1 7 8. 50
177.50- 204.50

-

FI L E C L E R K S ..............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

2.620
386
2. 2 3 4
188

39.0
39 .5
38.5
40.0

17 4 . 5 0
21 1 . 5 0
16 8 . 0 0
271.00

151.00
208.30
149.50
293.50

138.30173.00129.00160.30-

1 8 7. 00
24 5 . 0 0
17 2 . 0 0
37 7. 50

144
144

FI L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A ................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................

330
315

39.0
39.0

22 5 . 5 0
221.50

204.00
203.00

192.00192.00-

22 1 . 0 0
21 7 . 0 0

_

FI LE C L E R K S . C L A S S B ................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
P U RL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

941
761
82

39.0
38 .5
40.0

18 3 . 0 0
17 4 . 0 0
25 0 . 0 0

16 3 . 0 0
15 9 . 0 0
209.00

149.50149.50171.50-

18 4. 00
172.00
33 5 . 5 0

_
-

80
51
~

332
332
15

272
272
10

51
25
15

13
7
2

12
-

75
1
1

17
-

33
17
9

15
15
-

27
27
16

2
2
2

12
12
12

-

_
-

-

-

“

FI LE C L E R K S . C L A S S C ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

1.349
191
1. 1 5 8
95

39.0
39 .5
38.5
40 .0

15 6. 00
19 5. 50
14 9 . 5 0
278.00

140.00
180.00
132.50
31 6 . 0 0

1 2 4 . 5 0 - 15 5.50
170.50- 212.00
1 2 4 . 0 0 - 14 3 . 5 0
1 5 4 . 0 0 - 3 8 7. 50

144
144

564
13
551
5

371
17
354
26

71
59
12
6

38
37
1
1

23
21
2
1

23
23
-

6
6
2

37
37
3

14
14

16
7
9
9

_
-

-

-

42
42
42

-

-

-

-

M E S S E N G E R S ...............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ...................
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

1 .017
325
692
56

39 .0
39.0
39.0
39.0

1 7 6. 00
171.00
1 7 8. 00
217.00

161.50
150.50
167.00
180.50

143.00142.30145.00170.00-

2 0 2. 50
19 9. 00
20 3 . 5 0
30 8 . 5 0

28
28
-

120
52
68
2

348
136
212
4

119
21
98
20

139
36
103
7

84
34
50
1

103
13
90
1

49
24
25
3

10
8
2
2

1
1
-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

16
16
16

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S .................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

1 .999
320
1 .679
77

38 .5
39.5
38.5
38 .5

19 9. 00
23 3. 50
19 2. 00
258.00

179.00
239.00
171.50
280.00

157.00195.00154.00219.00-

23 0 . 0 0
26 7 . 5 0
21 6 . 0 0
31 6. 50

5
5
-

251
251
-

283
8
275
“

492
52
4 40
7

238
27
211
6

144
46
98
8

135
36
99
11

100
45
55
1

82
67
15
4

83
18
65
19

83
3
80
21

10 2
17
85

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ..........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2. 13 4
898
1 .236
110

39 .5
40 .0
39.0
39 . 5

19 0. 00
18 8 . 0 0
19 2. 00
28 5 . 5 0

173.00
180.00
17 2 . 5 0
291.30

1 6 0 . 0 0 - 20 7 . 0 0
1 6 2 . 0 0 - 20 5 . 5 0
1 5 9 . 5 0 - 20 7 . 0 0
1 6 1 . 5 0 - 4 0 8. 00

-

69
69

330
74
256
-

795
373
422
33

317
21 3
104
3

320
153
167
8

100
22
78
i

13
11
2
i

17
15
2
i

78
26
52
20

8

-

8
2

38
3
35
-

2
2
“

O R D E R C L E R K S ............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................

3.574
1 .509
2.065

40 .0
40 . 0
40 .0

21 4 . 5 0
20 0 . 5 0
22 5 . 0 0

200.00
190.00
207.00

1 8 4 . 0 0 - 24 2 . 5 0
1 7 5 . 0 0 - 21 0 . 0 0
1 9 0 . 0 0 - 25 3 . 0 0

12
12

40
40

77
12
65

537
436
101

1093
506
587

639
243
396

268
71
197

291
53
238

130
85
45

267
77
190

98
6
92

60
20
40

-

14

-

158

See footnotes at end o f tables.




4

-

_

-

1
1

-

62
62

_
-

“

-

_

“

“

-

-

“

“

“

“

“
“

15
6
9
9

32
32
32

~
-

-

-

-

—
-

“

-

-

“

“

-

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard]

Mean 2

Median 2

N U M B E R OF U O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G

Middle range*

S T R A I G H T -T IM E

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(TN D O L L A R S 1 O F —

110
AND
UN DE R
120

120

140

160

18 0

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

9 80

500

140

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

520

-

-

“

125
125

244
166

202
163

101
23

66
24

109
67

67
27

98
6

60
20

-

-

-

-

12

40
40

77
12
65

412
311
101

849
340
50 9

43 7
80
357

167
48
119

225
29
196

21
18
3

200
50
150

_
-

_
-

_
-

62
62

2336 20 97 1473
716
678
579
1620 1419
894
120
75
122

830
286
544
57

4 90
111
379
52

697
219
478
149

422
102
320
146

2 64
72
192
27

216
53
163
6

OROER CLERKS— CONTINUED
O R D E R C L E R K S * C L A S S A..............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

1 .072
621

40 .0 * 2 3 1 . 5 0 *2 10 .3 0 * 1 8 8 . 0 0 - *2 76 .0 0
2 1 1. 50
1 8 4 . 0 0 - 23 1. 00
40.0
20 0 . 0 0

O R O E R C L E R K S . C L A S S B ..............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..... .................
N O N " A N U E A C T U R I N G ....................

2.532
888
1 .619

40.0
40.0
40 .0

20 7. 50
1 9 3. 00
21 5. 50

1 9 6. 00
18 4. 00
20 0. 00

1 8 4 . 0 0 - 22 5. 00
1 7 0 . 0 0 - 20 0. 50
1 9 0 . 3 0 - 24 4. 00

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S ......................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
NON M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

12.218
3. 4 7 5
8.743
843

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

21 9. 50
21 9 . 5 0
21 9 . 5 0
26 5. 50

2 0 7. 30
20 8 . 0 0
2 0 7. 00
26 5 . 5 0

1 7 9 . 5 0 - 2 4 1. 50
1 8 4 . 0 0 - 24 0. 00
1 7 8 . 5 0 - 2 4 1. 50
2 1 6 . 5 0 - 308.50

-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S A ........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

5,536
1 .846
3.690
381

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

23 3. 50
23 8. 00
23 1 . 0 0
28 0. 50

22 3 . 0 0
2 2 8. 30
21 8 . 5 0
2 9 1. 50

195.50200.00190.00249.00-

25 0. 00
25 7. 00
24 3. 53
317.00

-

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B ........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

6.607
1 .629
4,978
462

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

20 6. 50
19 9.00
20 9 . 5 0
25 3. 00

1 9 0 . GO
18 7. 30
19 2 . 0 0
22 5 . 0 0

172.53172.50169.00209.00-

22 1. 00
21 2. 00
22 5. 00
29 1. 00

-

M A C H I N E - B I L L E R S . . . . ....................

305

40 .0

28 8 . 0 0

28 3 . 5 0

195.50-

4 1 5. 50

-

-

12

-

91
91
5

512 24 66
68
552
444 1914
29
-

-

_

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

175
8
16 7
-

36
22
14
13

113
9
104
42

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

-

_

44 9
49
400

1056 1083
27 4
41 6
667
78 2
29
13

996
438
558
40

676
234
442
52

274
66
208
40

187
120
67
26

303
93
210
146

10 5
72
33
21

79
51
28
6

165
8
157
-

25
16
9
8

71
9
62
-

_

_

_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

454 2017
68
503
386 1514
29
“

1280 1014
442
262
838
752
46
109

477
141
336
80

154
52
102
5

206
45
161
12

500
99
401
12 3

104
9
95
-

129
129
6

127
2
125
~

10
10
-

ii
6
5
5

42
42
42

_

_

_

-

~

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

12

-

10

1

-

34

98

-

-

-

-

-

-

9
9
“
82
~
82
5

-

_

58
58

58

-

24

68

~

B I L L E R S ............

334

40.0

28 8 . 0 0

28 3 . 5 0

195.50-

4 1 5. 50

-

-

58

-

24

68

-

-

-

12

-

10

-

-

34

98

-

-

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ..........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ................. .
N 0 N W 4 N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

1. 95 1
73 5
1.216
189

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

23 8 . 0 0
22 6 . 5 0
2 4 5 . CO
31 2. 50

21 9. 50
22 0. 00
21 8. 50
29 6 . 0 0

195.50193.00195.50231.50-

26 6. 50
25 5. 30
28 0. 00
42 3. 50

-

6

49
25
24
“

190
73
117
10

349
98
251
17

382
170
212
15

227
161
66
8

185
44
141
15

153
64
89
5

136
47
89
26

73
25
98
15

21
3
18
ii

60
21
39
3

36
9
32
-

10

14

60

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

10
-

14
9

60
60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S ....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
NONMANUFACTURING................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

7.093
1 .897
5.196
632

39 .5
39.5
39.5
40.0

21 9. 50
23 0 . 0 0
2 1 6. 00
25 5. 50

21 0. 00
21 5 . 0 0
20 7 . 5 0
240.50

184.00200.00179.00225.00-

24 2.50
25 8.50
24 0.50
29 3. 50

993 1231 1444 10 36
289
137
31 8
575
869
913
747
8 56
152
33
38
34

491
128
363
106

2 39
66
173
59

651
202
999
132

298
76
172
12

171
50
121
47

84
22
62
-

25
25
-

9
9

14

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A .....
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2.673
964
1.739
134

39.0
39.5
39.0
39.5

23 7 . 5 0
24 3. 50
23 4 . 0 0
24 3. 00

22 6. 30
22 4 . 5 0
22 6 . 3 0
23 0 . 3 0

204.50207.00195.50214.00-

2 6 4. 50
28 0. 00
2 6 4. 50
28 6. 03

19
19
-

9
9

_

-

-

-

~

-

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R .....
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

4 ,275
933
3.342
528

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

20 6. 00
21 6. 00
20 3. 30
25 8. 00

20 0 . 3 0
2 0 8. 00
19 5. 50
240.50

1 7 6 . 0 0 - 2 2 8. 00
1 8 8 . 0 0 - 2 3 2. 50
1 7 0 . 0 0 - 22 6. 00
2 2 8 . 0 0 - 29 9. 50

_

14

-

BILLING-MACHINE

-

-

6
-

9

130

9

130
-

_

323
5
318
5

_

-

“

168
9
159
10

392
101
291
4

618
300
318
15

524
193
331
29

251
90
161
8

116
38
78
10

255
63
192
15

153
75
78
12

89
50
39
1

84
22
62

-

“

9

130

839
217
62 2
34

8 26
275
551
19

51 2
96
416
123

240
38
202
98

93
28
65
99

331
139
192
117

50
1
99

-

13 0

825
128
697
23

77

9

323
5
318
5

-

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




5

-

-

6
6

77
96

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

•

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

14
14

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard'

Mean 2

Median 2

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T -T I M E

Middle range 2

(IN C O L L A R S )

OF —

120
AND
UNDER
140

143

160

180

200

220

240

260

283

300

323

340

383

420

46 3

503

540

583

620

66 0

700

160

180

200

22 0

240

260

280

300

320

343

3 80

420

46 0

503

540

580

623

660

70 0

740

-

-

-

_

-

-

6
1
5
-

30
27
3
-

41
11
30
2

73
24
49
-

133
46
84
22

367
97
27 3
23

371
95
276
51

47 8
15 5
32 3
49

491
16 3
328
17

310
130
180
34

221
80
141
31

92
53
39
8

27
25
2
-

9
8
i
i

-

-

12
10
2
-

1

5

i
-

5
-

37
9
28
-

138
10
98
-

33 7
74
26 3
25

335
10 6
22 9
8

189
89
100
3?

182
75
137
27

82
53
29
8

27
25
2

9
8
i
1

59
17
42
-

2 60
54
2 36
2

236
74
162
38

12 6
66
60
24

142
53
89
9

91
41
50
2

29
5
24
4

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . . . . . ........ ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PU R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2.660
927
1. 7 3 3
23 5

39 . 5 * 4 4 3 . 3 0 * 4 4 3 . 0 0 * 3 8 1 . 0 0 - S 4 9 9 . 5 0
39 .5
454.00
458.30
393.00- 518.00
39 .5
437.50
439.50
379.50- 493.00
450.50
40 . 0
437.00
397.03- 524.00

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) . C L A S S A ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ......... .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PU R L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

1.314
451
863
101

39 . 5
39.5
39 . 5
40.0

487.00
516.50
471.00
517.00

476.00
513.00
460.00
525.30

4 4 2 . 5 0 - 53 0 . 0 0
465.30- 563.50
437.00- 506.00
466.00- 553.50

-

-

COMPUTER SY STEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) . C L A S S B ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU BL IC U T I L I T I E S .................

986
319
667
81

39 .5
39 . 5
39 . 5
40.0

414.00
426.30
408.00
429.00

403.30
421.30
393.00
420.00

367.00377.50356.50407.50-

468.50
473.50
450.50
439.50

-

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) . C L A S S C ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

294
151

39.5
39 . 5

329.50
328.00

329.50
325.00

296.00272.50-

361.00
365.00

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)....
m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2.716
1 .057
1.659
170

39 . 0
39 .0
39 .0
40 . 0

358.00
375.00
347.00
373.00

360.50
374.50
355.30
366.50

302.00324.50294.00346.33-

402.50
410.00
39 3 . 0 3
407.00

_

_

_

-

-

-

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (RUSINESS).
C L A S S A ...............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..................

908
422
486

39 . 0
39 .0
39 . 5

422.50
435.50
411.50

419.30
413.00
422.50

385.50- 455.50
3 9 4 . 3 0 - 4 8 * . QO
376.00- 441.00

-

-

COMPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S R . ..................... .
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU RL IC U T I L I T I E S ............ .

1 .055
399
656
71

39 . 0
39 . 0
39.0
40.0

34 4 . 5 0
361.00
334.30
35 8 . 5 0

356.00
364.50
345.00
362.50

320.50345.30306.50345.03-

376.30
383.50
368.00
377.50

-

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S C . . . . . ......... ...............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N P A N U P A C T U R I N G . ..................

63 7
22 0
417

39 .0
38 . 5
39 .0

280.50
291.50
274.00

278.00
278.50
276.00

2 4 1 . 5 0 - 30 5 . 5 0
2 6 4 . 5 0 - 32 6 . 0 0
230.00- 299.00

-

-

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S .....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
PU R L I C U T I L I T I E S . . . .............

3. 2 6 6
1. 1 6 7
2.099
25 5

39 . 5
39 .5
39 . 5
39 . 5

263.50
271.50
259.30
306.50

257.50
258.50
254.50
307.50

225.00- 294.00
2 3 4 . 3 0 - 30 2 . 0 0
224.50- 292.30
307.53- 330.50

11
11

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

_

9

-

-

-

-

i

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

8
2

12
10

6
1

30
27

32
10

38
16

66
29

70
34

27
11

9
9

4
4

_

-

-

11
11
-

36
9
27
-

140
25
115
-

107
32
75
-

169
81
88
ii

191
27
164
9

161
67
94
3

231
85
146
17

874
2 56
418
62

48 2
263
219
30

276
61
21 5
32

15 9
86
73
5

44
34
ID
1

29
27
2
-

4
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

17
11
6

37
15
22

1 58
40
11 8

246
155
91

232
55
177

140
82
58

43
33
10

29
27
2

21
3
18
-

11
1
10
-

66
18
48
-

69
16
53
6

78
27
51
-

145
32
113
13

445
185
2 60
39

190
136
84
15

9
6
3
1

_

_

1
1

_

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

16
16
-

-

-

11
11

20
9
11

119
22
97

88
23
65

103
63
40

114
3
111

66
“
*9
-•

49
38
11

61
31
33

6
2
4

5
5

62
12
50

247
50
197

29 4
153
141
12

479
104
375
12

569
265
304
12

473
154
319
12

365
82
283
10

321
138
183
126

136
43
93
35

23 5
11 3
122
26

62
46
16
10

-

6

-

a

4

-

_

-

-

2
2
-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

2
2

-

34
8
26
"

-

See footn otes at end o f tables.




WEEKLY EA RN IN GS

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6

_

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

6
4
2

_

-

_
-

_
-

-

-

-

_

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

5
5

2
2

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings *
(standard)
Occupation and in du stry d iv is io n

COMPUTER

Number
of
workers

NU M B E R

OF

120
AND
UN DE R
140

140

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

380

420

463

500

540

580

620

660

700

160

180

200

22 0

240

260

280

3 00

320

340

3P0

420

460

503

540

5 80

620

660

700

740

39.5 * 2 99 .0 0 * 2 9 0 . 0 0 * 2 6 2 . 0 0 - * 3 3 3 . 5 3
39.0
30 7.00
300.00
2 6 0 . 5 0 - 34 8. 50
39.5
29 3. 00
2 6 4 . 5 0 - 33 1 . 0 0
287.50
33 6. 50
39 .5
3 3 0 . 5 0 - 34 3. 00
333.00

-

-

-

4
4
-

13
1
12
-

51
16
35
-

125
62
63
2

174
62
112
-

87
28
59
”

112
66
46
8

102
19
83
34

1 25
62
63
11

49
41
8
7

4
4

“
“

”

”

-

_
-

12
12
-

135
36
99

15 3
92
61

351
71
280

342
171
171

238
62
176

211
51
160

197
72
125

34
24
10

80
51
29

13
5
8

i
i

“

~

Average
weekly
hours 1
[standard) Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

W O RK ER S R E C E I V I N G S T R A I G H T - TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

<IN D O LL AR S!

OF —

OPERATORS— CONTINUED

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S A...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .............

846
361
48 5
62

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S * C L A S S B...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

1 .769
65 0
1.119

39.5
39 .5
39.5

25 8 . 5 0
26 2. 50
256.00

253.00
253.00
253.00

2 2 5 . 0 0 - 2 9 0. 00
224.50- 296.00
2 2 5 . 0 0 - 28 8 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C. ..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ .

621
156
465

39 .5
40 .0
39.5

22 5 . 5 0
22 7. 50
22 5 . 0 0

220.00
222.00
220.00

191.00201.50184.00-

2 5 4. 00
254.00
25 3 . 5 0

11
11

5
5

50
50

108
14
94

12 8
60
68

77
17
60

102
32
70

61
30
31

67
3
64

12

C O M P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R I A N S .........
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

158
106

39.5
39.5

22 8 . 0 0
2 1 8. 50

230.00
208.00

169.50- 253.50
165.50- 253.50

-

16
16

33
33

13
2

10
5

27
11

22
14

5
5

10
9

3
1

4
”

15
10

-

D R A F T E R S ..............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ...............
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .............

2.697
1 .416
1. 28 1
93

40.0
40 .0
40.0
40 .0

3 1 9. 00
27 6. 00
36 7. 00
4 1 0. 50

30 7 . 5 0
273.50
39 0 . 0 0
42 7 . 5 0

243.10230.30299.50366.50-

4 0 0. 30
3 1 7. 00
43 8 . 5 0
464.00

-

-

77
72
5
“

157
101
56

21 2
14 3
69
“

164
133
31
-

216
150
66
-

162
133
29
-

22 5
140
85
5

256
199
57
9

116
83
33
”

34 6
196
1 50
17

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .............

931
542
389
56

40 .0
40 .0
40 .0
40 .0

35 4. 50
32 7. 50
39 1. 50
43 5. 00

342.00
32 0 . 0 0
403.00
46 4 . 0 0

300.00302.50299.50412.53-

40 3 . 0 0
35 3 . 0 0
46 6 . 5 3
46 4 . 0 0

-

~

_
-

_
-

1
1
-

6
6
2

47
15
32
-

23
23
-

12 0
53
67
~

177
168
9
3

62
57
5
“

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ................
MANUFACTURING................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

616
407
20 9

40 .0
40.0
40 .0

28 7. 00
27 3. 00
3 1 3. 50

267.00
260.00
31 8. 00

2 4 3 . 3 0 - 31 8 . 0 0
2 4 3 . 0 0 - 29 3 . 5 0
219.30- 408.50

_
-

_

_

31

-

"

31

46
15
31

59
58
1

114
108
6

88
78
10

81
77
4

51
21
30

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................

532
416

40.0
40.0

2 2 4. 00
2 2 0. 50

217.00
21 6 . 5 0

190.00188.30-

238.00
23 6. 50

_

_
“

62
57

112
87

14 0
121

91
63

33
23

39
29

13
8

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ...............

6.322
2.476
3.846

40 .0
40.0
40 .0

34 9. 50
3 1 2. 00
37 3. 50

36 3 . 5 0
309.50
39 1 . 0 0

300.30- 403.00
2 7 0 . 3 0 - 35 9 . 3 0
348.50- 407.30

_
-

12
12
-

31
17
14

136
72
64

133
64
69

192
181
11

155
136
19

363
287
76

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S A.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

2,342
1,127

4 0.0
40 .0

3 7 1. 00
36 1. 00

364.30
36 1 . 0 0

340.50- 407.00
335.00- 394.00

_

_

_

_

_

_

21
20

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S «.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

3. 40 1
845

40 .0
40.0

35 2. 50
28 8. 00

39 1 . 0 0
287.00

301.30267.30-

_

_

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S c.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

572
504

40 .0
40 .0

2 3 9. 50
24 3. 50

235.50
241.00

220.50- 269.50
228.00- 270.30

_
-

12
12

319
233
86

39.5
40.0
39.0

-

-

REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES....
MANUFACTURING................
NO N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....... .

33 8 . 5 0
34 5. 00
32 0. 50

339.00
34 0 . 0 0
32 1. 00

310.30312.30300.50-

40 7 . 3 0
31 5 . 3 0

368.50
37 5 . 5 0
36 0 . 3 0

"

_
31
17
5
5

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




7

“

2
2
“

~

~

“

*

“

_

23 3
47
186
9

301
19
282
20

20 6
206
33

26
26

-

190
167
23
9

112
40
72
3

58
13
45
8

107
107
33

26

-

24
14
13

61
29
32

7
1
6

54
6
48

~

-

“

-

10
10

21
12

5
“

6
6

“

-

54 0
311
22 9

553
285
268

356
238
118

988 23 1 3
4 62
343
5 26 1970

43 9
64
375

74
3

83
47

198
126

200
128

832
40 3

402
340

15 3 19 10
59
3

36
35

42
33

209
208

375
1 84

337
141

152
108

39
17

60
53

156
146

92
83

80
76

82
80

18
18

2
2

1

_
~

6
3
3

6

1

4

2

30
20
10

-

“

-

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

-

-

“
-

“

“

-

-

-

“

_

12

73
11

7
7

“
~

~

97
55

-

~

53
31
22

52
46
6

~

103
76
27

~

48
38
10

-

“

-

-

-

“

26
“

~

~

”

“

-

-

~

”
"

~

-

111
4
107

-

-

-

“

“

“
“

-

“

421
56

111
4

-

-

-

-

-

-

17
8

-

-

-

-

“

-

~

“

“

“

“

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

~
-

~

4

4

_

4

4

-

-

~

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
Average
(mean2)

Occupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis ion

Number
of
workers

Weekh
r
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS MEN

O ccupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis io n

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

STENOGRAPHERS— CONTINUED

messengers

A

ORDER C L E R K S . . . . . . . . ...............

*

U.

O R D E R C L E R K S .............................

*
*

Occupation, s e x .3 and in du stry d iv is io n

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S UOMEN— CONTINUED

OFFICE OC CUPATIONS UOMEN— CONTINUEO

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . - . - - _________________

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

500
00

2.597
1 *301
1*2^6

40.0 S207.09
197.00
40 . 0
40 . 0
217.00

39.0
39 .5

204.50
203.00

2* 04 2
80 1
1*241

40 . 0
40 . 0
43 . 0

208.00
193.50
217.00

10*595
3*188
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................... 7 , 4 0 7

39 .5
39 . 5
39 . 5

217.00
220.00
215.50

19 8. 50

4.91 4
1.698
3*216
34 5

39 .5
39 .5
39 .5
40 . 0

230.50
237.50
227.00
281.50

5*616
1 *4 90

39 .5
39 .5
39 .5

203.50
203.00
205.00

21 8

40 . 0

239.00

21 7

40 .0

238.50

1 *7 22
693
1*029
162

39 .5
40 .C
39 . 5
39 . 5

235.50
226.50
241.50
308.00

1 *860

39 .5

229.50

101

39 . 5

242.50
234.50
243.50

19 3. 00

91 5
2*890

39 .5
39 . 5

216.00
198.50

21 2 . 5 0

163

40 .0
40 . 0

1 6 8. 50

25 2

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S . . . . . . . . . .............
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..................

555
500

19 7. 50

:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

26 9. 50

accounting

23 4

40.0

27 0 . 0 0

62 3

38.0

19 8. 50

3.01 8

39.5

clerks

T Y P I S T S ...................................

OFFICE OC CU PA TI ON S WOMEN
S E C R E T A R I E S . . . ....................... ..
MANUFACTURING...................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..................

.

12.<*95
*

S E C R E T ARIF S* C L A S S A . . . . . . . . . . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . • • • • • • • • • • .....
SECRETARIES* CLASS B .. . . . . . . . . . . .
MANUFACTURING..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1 Or3
85 3

X3A nn
44 4
39 9
1*01 -

*
"

*

PUBLIC

40 . 0

373

39 .5

U T I L I T I E S .................

00
299.00

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S 0 ..... ..
MANUFACTURING..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .............................

39.0

40.0

162

4C.0

275.50

27 9

64 4

38 . 5
49 * 0

40.0

24 4 . 0 0

1 #172
1 1082

226.00

13 1

39.0

21 6 . 5 0

15 6. 50

217 o)
r
inn" in

1. 1 9 2

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R ..............
MANUFACTURING...................

692

39 .5

26 7. 50

292

39 . 0

240.00

39 .5
39 .5

40.0

282.50

25 8 . 0 0
0#| *
203*00
SWITCHBOARD

OPERATOR-

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................................

See footn otes at end o f tables.




26 8 . 0 0

67

S T E N O G R A P H E R S ...........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..................
PURLIC UT IL IT IE S. .. .. .. .. .. .. .

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .................

2 1 6. 50

° 419
36 0

303. 50

45 9

IOC
667

265.50
30 1 . 0 0

S E C R E T ARIF St C L A S S C . • • • • • • • • • • • .
MANUFACTURING• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..................
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

SECRETARIES* CLASS E . . ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ..................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..................
PURLIC UTILITIES..............

19 9. 50
20 6 . 0 0

8

1*216

39.0

19 0. 50

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex.
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Averifle
(mean2)

O ccupation, s e x ,3 and in du stry d ivis io n

Number
of
woiken

Week^r
hour*
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN
COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . . . . . . . ..... ..
MANUFACTURING....• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Occupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis io n

Weekly
Weekly
hour*1
earning*1
(standard) (standard)

D R A F T E R S .................................

U T I L I T I E S .................

40.0

40.0

*323.50

40.0

418.50

520
328

40.0

328.00
402.50

461.00

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
980

PUBLIC

2.395

2*011
736
165

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
NONMANUFACTURING.• • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

39.5

(m e a n *)

Occupation, s e x .3 and industry d ivis io n

of
workers

W eekly
W eekly
bout*
earning!1
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

P R O F E S S I O N A L ANO T E C H N I C A L
OC CUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

85

PUBLIC

Average

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
worker*

UTILITIES..............

73

530.00

340

40.0

787
272

419.00
430.50
4 1 2 . 50

372

40.0

2.297

40.0

1.101

43.0

249
144

38.5
38.0

29 2. 50
29 0. 50

34 6

*

0.0

26 9. 50

40.0

32 4. 50

314.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................................

C O MP UT ER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)*

38.0 * 3 56 .5 0

216.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ..................

COMP UT ER PR OGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
class b:

270.50

( B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S B . . . . . . . .......
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

CO MPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS)—
CONTINUED

361.00

COMP UT ER OPERATORS:

40.0
39.5

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A:

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B:

(BUSINESS)....

1 .800

39.0

1.109

324.00

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
39.5

COMP UT ER PR OG RA MM ER S (BUSINESS).
C L A S S B ...............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................

785

348.50

CO MPUTER PR OGRAMMERS (RUSINESS),
426.50

38.5
39.5

349.00
362.50
340.00

C L A S S C.

448
411

40.0
4C.0

238.50
242.50

39.5
39.5

2 3 2. 00
22 4 . 0 0

D R A F T E R S .................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . ........... -

296
144

40.0
39.5

3 1 2. 00
27 7. 50

92
67

39.5
39.5

2 9 1. 50
2 8 5. 00

40.0

30 7 . 5 0

39.5
40.0
39.0

339.
344.
323.

DRAFTERS.

CO M P U T E R SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

ELECTRONICS

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

191

39.5

C L A S S .....................
TECHNICIANS:

40.0
39.0

293.50

( B US IN ES S) . C L A S S A:
98

39.5

505.50

39.5

169

273.00

402.50

39.5

341.00

804
366

39.0
38.5

349.50
348.50

229
109

39.0
39.0

413.50
428.50

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

C L A S S B .......

1,098

39.0

256.50

COMPUTER OPERATORS.

C L A S S C .......

465

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....... .....................

385

39.5
40.0
39.5

223.50
219.00
224.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)....

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ...................................

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




39.5

91

801

A:

9

306
232
74

ssa

76
286

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . . ........ ..

CLASS

179

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S R:

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
COMPUTER OPERATORS,

71

442.50

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS),
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

112
84

286.50

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
O C C U P A T I O N S - WO ME N
734
302

197

C O M P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R I A N S .............

364.00

•
O

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

39.5

o

203

73

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

RECEIVING

HOURLY

EARNINGS

(IN

DOLLARS*

OF—

OF

3.20
ANO

3.60

8.00

4*40

8.80

5.20

5.60

6.00

6.80

6.80

7.20

7.63

8. 0 0

8.80

8.80

9.20

8.00

8.83

8.83

5.20

5.60

6.00

6.80

6.80

7.20

7.60

8.00

8. 8 0

8.80

9.20

9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 . 6 0 1 2 •00

4
4

5
t

9
6
3

80
8
32

39
28
11

28
28
-

56
80
16

167
88
79

72
62
10

6

-

75
52
23

5
5

4

32
29
3

89
49

“

-

2

-

-

-

-

-

3
3

49

83

85

74

33

-

4

9

186
185
1

“

“

”

“

”

-

-

-

-

110
82
28
1

277
161
116
55

102
85
17
8

366
288
82
8

44

-

52
19

-

30
29
1

-

4
4

4
4

16
16

59

8

29

47

78

“

”

16
83

7
1

25
4

38
9

52
22

170
49

“

36
15
21

30
29
1

6
4
2

-

_

68
68

90
61

85
45

35
35

21
21

15
10

187
130

323
175
188

218
185
29

387

UNDER
3.60

WORKERS

STRAIGHT -TIME

NUMBER

o v e r

S8.66
8.61
8.75

*9.01
8.83
9.87

*7.887.957.89-

*9.87
9.38
9.87

9.78
9.80
9.87
9.27

9.048.91-

101

9.78
9.87
9.49
9.96

9.279.27-

10.31
10.31
10.21
10.89

“

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S . . . . . . . .................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..........................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............... ....................

532
297
235

8.68
8.71
8.63

9.15
8.98
9.87

7.958.187.66-

9.50

-

-

-

9.51
9.50

“

“

”

17
8
9

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ...................... ..
MANUFACTURING...................

797
532

9.87
9.18

10.08
8.95

8.037.85-

10.80
10.38

_

-

-

-

-

“

“

11
11

-

72
72

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY*..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ............. .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......... .............

3.968
3.983
525

8.31
8.19
9.12

8.35
8.20
9.87

7.157.037.85-

9.71
9.89

-

56
56

ii
ii

~

~

81
39
2

293
289
4

381
279
62

358
3 52
6

382
388
38

186
169
17

2 75
2 70
5

286
288

10.20

32
29
3

2

308
295
9

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S * ........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..........................................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .................................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ........................ ..

2.077
625
1.952
1.038

9.81
9.19
9.50
9.65

9.85
9.17
9.63
9.63

8.518.708.508.51-

10.53
10.00
11.19
11.21

-

-

-

-

“
“

35
18
17
17

108
28
80
80

55
1
58
86

123
16
1C7
81

7
4
3
i

113
63
50
10

133
50
83
80

283
180
103
12

268
87
181
95

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S . ...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................................... ..

99
99

9.39
9. 39

9.48
9.88

9.329.32-

9.86
9.86

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

“

6
6

1
1

_

“

1
1

_

“

3
3

12
12

38
38

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ...................... .............

659
567

6.28
6.28

6.38
6.38

8.755.00-

7.66
7.93

28
28

68
32

33
31

7
7

85
88

40
31

35
30

85
79

33
1

87
86

60
56

6
6

11
11

MACHINE-TOOL

300

9.11

9.06

8.38-

9.88

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

87

36

35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

“

”

”

“

i
i

1
1

36
36

299
299

93
93

4

5
“
5

17
3
18

99
88
11

39
31
8

9
3
6

38
28
10

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S . . . . . ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ........... .............
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......... .

610
408

M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......... .............
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ................

1 .569
1.225
388

OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM*..

202

T O O L A N O D I E M A K E R S . . . . . . . . .......... ......
MANUFACTURING..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

1.713
1.713

9.40

S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S .................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N P A N U F A C T U R I N G . .............. ........

713
876
237

*

W ork ers w e r e d istribu ted as fo llo w s :

9.80

9.83
9.83

8.788.78-

10.08
10.08

9.33
9.83
9.12

9.88
9.51
9.47

8.237.898.60-

10.20
10.30
10.20

-

-

-

-

-

-

“
28
28

-

-

*
-

77
77

1

1

-

2
2

2

-

1

2

1

4

80 at $12 to $12.40; 10 at $12.40 to $12.80; 9 at $12.80 to $13.20; and 24 at $14.40 and o ver.

See footnotes at end o f tables.




9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 .8010.8011 .2011 •6012.00
_
ANO

10

-

4

20
8
12

3

-

3
123
*123

160
188
12
10

13
-

11

13
12

11
6

-

25
23
2

3
3
-

_
-

_
-

-

-

12
12

128

46
86

_

-

21
21

735
553
182

48
30
18

7
7

48
48

-

-

-

-

176
38
68
65

97
88

300
10
2 90
286

-

13
13

70
28
82
82

72

58
289
218

72
72

-

26
26

12
12

_

4

_

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

28

73

81

-

-

-

-

-

238
238

398
394

180
180

278
278

27
27

165
165

3
3

_

6
6

9
6
3

180
96

48
32
16

168
173
61

18
5
9

21
21

-

68

-

-

64

-

-

121

8
P

84

27
17
1
8
4
-

-

4

-

-

-

-

“

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Los AngelesLong Beach, Calif., October 1979
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t i o n a n d ind u s t r y division

Number
of
workers

Mean 2

NUMBER

Median2

2.80
ANO
UNDER
3.00

~

Middle range 2

15.308
3.578
11.730
4 .090

48*18
7.55
8.37
9.76

S8.26
7.76
8.58
10.34

*7.006.157.359.40-

*9.70
8.58
9.98
10.82

T R U C K O R I V E R S . L I G H T T R U C K ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..........................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

2.439

(TN

DOLLARS)

OF—

6.60
4.97
8.89

4.153.784.43-

10.82
6.28
10.82

T R U C K O R I V E R S . H E O I U M T R U C K ..........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
NONMANUFACTURING................

4.166
988
3.178

7.56
6.83
7.79

7.65
7.00
7.65

7.265.897.35-

7.86
7.76
7.91

2.055
1 .081
837

8.10
8.66
7.82

8.26
8.48
5.75

5.758.235.75-

10.40
10.51
10.34

5.526
891
4 *63 5
1.472

8.96
8.21
9.11

8.267.128.269.40-

9.98
8.50
9.98
10.82

S H I P P E R S ........ ................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................

577
504

6.31
6.33

6.40
6.41

5.265.18-

6.95
7.00

1 .274
522
752

6.88
6.31
7.28

7. 29
5.59
8.10

5.154 • 88—
6.49-

8.10
8.09
8.10

1.216
820
396

6.43
6.76
5.76

5.88
6.78
5.25

5.255.455.00-

7.33
8.31
6.51

7.583
2.623
4.960

6.65
5.81
7.09

6.20
5. 6 0
6.31

4.604.554.66-

7.35
7.21
7.35

OROER

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

6 .6J

7.00

7.40

7.80

8.2D

8.60

9.00

3.23

3.40

3.80

4.20

4.60

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7. 40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.30

9.40

90
32
58

328

182
117
65

304
115
189
9

658

116
212

245
44
201

329

-

85
244

533
395
138
2

517
282
235
9

615
93
522
5

1633
4 54
1179
16

563
75
488
38

960
170
790
55

1834
695
1139
50

352
46
306
16

1624
69

”

23
635
450

90
32
58

328
116
212

222
32
190

67
11
56

27
12
15

42
39
3

106
104
2

201
12
189

5

12
9
3

-

97
3
94

90

-

43
1
42

1

63
117

76
29
47

_

-

35
26
9

124
52
72

141
53
88

61
11
50

185
176
9

276
133
143

35
22
13

11 50
206
944

484

781

-

23
12
11

70
414

133
648

-

80
80

-

112
3

450

155
155

28

6
6

_

_

_

-

-

-

450

“

“

-

-

151
25
126

164
47
117
1

466
236
2 30
11

-

W A R E H O U S E M E N ...................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . ................ .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

4.60

-

S H I P P E R S A N O R E C E I V E R S ...................
MANUFACTURING...................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . ........

4.20

-

R E C E I V E R S ............. .........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ........ .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

3.80

-

10.10

9.23
8.36
9.35
10.46

3. 40

-

T R U C K O R I V E R S . T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R . ...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......... .
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

3.20

_

T R U C K O R I V E R S . H E A V Y T R U C K ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S . . . . ...............

3.00

-

463
1.976

7.26
5.00
7.79

“

-

STRAIGHT-TIME

EARNINGS

WORKERS

-

T R U C K S R I V E R S . ..............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S . . . . ...............

RECEIVING

HOURLY

OF

“

_

-

180

“

“
-

“

“

-

“

2
*"

2
-

40
29

2

11

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

40
40

"

“

“

-

66
4
62
4

48
48

687
138
549

1

-

-

852

22
3
19

145
80
65

45

-

320
-

"

320

45

-

59
27
32

741
502
239

80

_

80

-

539
33
509
348

675
105
570
570

200

178

_

_

200
200

178
*178

24
24

-

-

_

_

-

-

1182
372
810
36

66
30
36
8

1247
17
1230
8

1

_

_

-

-

54
54

-

2
2

51
51

27
21
6

37
33
4

162
122
40

108
31
77

62
45
17

43
21
22

109
29
80

17
13
4

71
16
55

39
20
19

298
36
262

98
33
65

-

28
28

27
26
1

110
24
86

242
83
159

157
113
44

76
76

91
26
65

93
84
9

114
1 13
1

27
26
i

10
3
7

49
49
-

134
133
1

429
297
132

453
316
137

271
191
80

538
433
105

605
149

1129
119
1010

349
46
303

521
70
4 51

136
63
73

491
409
82

117
79
38

418
6
412
24

4 56

-

160
21
139
52

47
42

669
122
547

90

36
4
32
32

127
86

_
-

109
21
88

9
9

-

118

474
18

63
63

_

_

-

_

_

118

456

-

-

-

126

-

3

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

6.10

-

132

33 3

88

57

174

186

142

26

14

180

-

-

-

-

3.333.03-

5.31
4.46

180
180

784
784

229
226

451
442

594
283

423
378

241
199

469

68

77
76

26
26

1
1

411
21

52
52

_

241

314
31

-

-

-

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S .............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ...........
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

6.135
2.625
3.480

5.10
4.02
5.91

4.16
3.50
4. 50

3.403.053.63-

6.45
4.42
8.53

10
10

1388
1198
193

104
62
42

1056
232
824

541
250
291

761
288
473

232
164
68

139
58
81

140
85
55

49
15
34

211
126

413
68

158
7

_

3

151

109
17
92

12
12

345

45
5
40

11
8

85

32
30
2

-

-

..........................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ...................
NONMANUFACTURING................

4.251
2.707
1 .544

7.19
6.78
7.89

6.67
5.97
8.25

5.405.286.73-

9.02
8.58
9.02

-

-

-

78
77
i

68
68

349
96
253

533
533

259
255
4

460
458
2

207
135
72

416
209
207

4

50
46
4

77
65
12

428
166
262

151
114

605
137
468

_

37

*

W o rk ers w e re at $11 to $11.40.




11

12
12

-

_

-

-

-

_
_

"

-

502

-

502

192

134
_

400
348

32

52

32

11
_

11

192

134

_

"

See footn otes at end o f tables.

52
52

-

3.75-

4

-

-

4.83

-

_

34
12
22

4.10
3.65

-

-

356
24

-

12
12

_

5.21

-

356

-

-

-

4.50
3.97

o p e r a t o r s

-

-

-

_

_

4 .320
2.950

f o r k l i f t

_

-

_

-

1.425

10

_

_

_

S H I P P I N G P A C K E P S .............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..........................

F I L L E R S . . ..............................

178
178

852
_

8

87
73

178
_

1177
1177

_

-

25
18

1177
_

1457
1457

_

-

25
24

2064
607

-

18
2
16

48
48

356

_

8

4
3

-

356
24

-

318
306
12

-

766
160
606
380

_

14
14

9.8010.2010.6011.00
ANO
OVER
9.8010.2010.6011.00

-

325
11
314

71
70

56
56

5

1555
224

9.40

_

_

-

_

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Los AngelesLong Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Hourly earnings 4

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

Number
of
workers

Mean2 Median2

Middle range 2

G U A R D S ............................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g ............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

12,979
1,987
11,492
128

S4.16
6.61
3.84
7.47

S 3 . 40
6.96
3. 3 0
7.29

S3.055.18-

G U A R D S • C L A S S A ...........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .........................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

2,148
738
1,412

6.29
7.30
5.76

5.80
6.99
5.80

5.24-

G U A R D S , C L A S S R ...........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

10.015
751
9,264

3.76
5«92
3.58

3.25
5.56
3.25

J A NITORS, PORTERS, AND CLE A N E R S . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ......................

15,543
3,564
11,979
427

5.07
5.50
4.94
7.59

5.22
5. 22
5.19
7.81

PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S .....................

NUMBER
2.80
AND
UNDER
3.00

WORKERS

OF

RECEIVING

4.60

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

6.63

7. 0 0

7.40

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

3.20

3.40

3.83

4.20

4.60

5.00

5.40

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7. 4 0

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

2477
39
2438

846
147
699

530
95
435
6

250
52
198
6

161
70
91

73
27
46

967
52
915

4 88
129
359
57

-

95
79
16
2

158
135
23
5

155
111
44
37

30
27
3

“

361
288
73
15

106
85
21

“

148
120
28
-

138
9
129

66
-

66
1
65

44
9
35

749
22
7 27

61
48
13

279

1 48
109
39

55
41
14

58
56
2

123
103
20

14
8
6

27
27

392

184

29

218
30
188

20
3 20

51
44
7

37
23
14

32
3

115
103
12

3

18
11

82
36
46

35

52
132

87
72
15

3 40

86
306

95
69
26

803
461
342

650
371
279

2146
319
1827

3325
181
3144
6

2301
371
1930
12

156
127
29

308
39
269

84
37
47
10

196
124
72
39

542
422
120
118

80
51
29
29

212
137
75
14

~

“

“

6.96
7.92
5.80

_

1

18

142
9

1

18

118
18
100

1199

2225

2028

2247

4.323.03-

3.75
7.58
3.50

1199

2225

7
2021

21
2226

3.764.233.766.88-

5.83
6.59
5.72
8.19

257

1206
230
1006
2

942
86
856
2

1536
315
1221
2

133
640
138
502
689
275
414
7

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




OF—

4.20

2396
7
2389

257

OOLLARSI

3.80

2412

3.Q0-

IIN

3.40

2412

6.854.50-

EARNINGS

3.20

1277

S4.40
7.86
3.90
8.68

HOURLY

3.00

1 2 77

3.037.22-

STRAIGHT-TIME

12

6

66

252
27

118

9 .8010 .2010 .6011.00
ANO
OVER
9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 .6011 .00
9.40

6
6
-

-

6
6
_

6
6
_

-

-

-

-

6
6

_

6
6

6
6

-

-

31
6
25
23
6
17

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

-

-

8

27

48
48

35

-

35
35

-

27
27

-

_

_

_

_
_

_

_

Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
O ccupation, s e x , 3 and industry division

MAINTENANCE. TOOLROOM,
POUERPLANT OCCUPATIONS MAINTENANCE

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G , ......................
E L E C T R I C I A N S . ........ .

PUBLIC

Average
mean2 )
hourly
earnings 4

AND
MEN

C A R P E N T E R S ...................

MAINTENANCE

Number
of
workers

UTILITIES..............

O ccupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis ion

Number Average
mean2)
of
hourly
workers
earnings4

1 V 534
1 12 2 4
310
88

iP

.63 T R U C K D R I V E R S ............. .....................

8. 69
9.80
9.87
9. 5 2
9.85
8.67

22 0

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
workers
earnings4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

58 0
408
172

O ccupation, s e x ,3 and industry d ivis io n

MANUFACTURING...................
.......... .............
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

MANUFACTURING....•••••••••••••••
NONMANUFACTURING................

3. 9 7 2

2. 9 8 1

5.76

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S . . . . . .................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ......................

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g

2.699

6.78

1.392
126

6.63
7.46

691

7. 30

9. 74

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ........ ...... .......

1 .770
t r u c k d r i v e r s

?

m e d i u m

t r u c k

.......

7.82

4*155

guards:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................

7. 5 6
7. 7 9

8.61

GUARDS*

CLASS

A:

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................

53 2

9. 1 4

3.068
3. 4 * 3
52 5

8.31
8.19
9. 12

2. 03 7

9. 44

99 0

9. 73

6UAR0S * CLASS

B:

PUBLIC
(MOTOR

V E H I C L E S ) ...........................

TRACTOR-TRAILER....

5,515

UTILITIES.•••••••••••••

1. 4 7 0

TRUCKORIVERS.

701

8.96 J A N I T O R S ,

PORTERS. ANO CLEANERS....
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . . . ...........

10 .0 9

5.97
5.06

31 5

7. 82

12,084

7.73

220

837
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS (MACHINERY)..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................

7.69

6. 3 2
PUBLIC

U T I L I T I E S .....................

M A I N T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R S . ...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ........................

99
99

9. 39
9.39

receivers:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................

MATERIAL MOVEMENT
OCCUPATIONS

50*

AND

CUSTODIAL

- WOMEN

6. 3 0
6. 8 9
23 0

MACHINE-TOOL

OPERATORS

(TOOLROOM)..

300

9.11

6.65
1,625

3.92

95

6.21

3* 5

6.08

7.10
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................

1,713

9. 40

E N G I N E E R S ......................

667

9. 47
9. 4 3

guards

:

817
STATIONARY

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............................

See footnotes at end o f tables.




13

1.115

4.05

MANUFACTURING.... ...............

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., for selected periods
O ctober 1973
to
O ctober 1974

O ctober 1974
to
O ctober 1975

A ll in du stries:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l _______ ________ _____ __ __________
E le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g . __ ____ . . . . __ ___
In d u stria l nurses______________________________________
S k illed m aintenance tra d es__________________________
U n skilled plant w ork ers

7.0
7.2
9.3
7.9
5.6

8.6
8.2
9.2
8.2
6.4

M anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l . _____________________________ _____
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g
In d u stria l n urses____________________________________
S k illed m aintenance tra d es__________________________
U nsk illed plant w o r k e r s ______________________________

6.7
7.5
9.5
8.1
7.4

Nonm anufacturing:
O ffic e c l e r i c a l________________________________________
E le c tr o n ic data p ro ce ssin g __________________________
In d u stria l n urses______________________________________
U n skilled plant w o r k e r s . . . _____ . . . . . ______

7.2
7.1
8.5
4.8

In du stry and occupational group 5




O ctober 1976
to
O ctober 1977

O ctober 1977
to
O ctober 1978

O cto b er 1978
to
O cto b er 1979

7.3
7.0
7.8
7.4
12.4

7.4
6.6
7.4
8.8
6.7

7.8
9.6
9.6
8.1
8.2

9.8
8.6
8.4
9.7
11.7

8.7
10.0
9.3
8.5
7.2

7.7
6.4
8.0
7.1
7.8

7.2
6.3
7.5
8.6
5.7

6.9
8.8
9.1
8.2
7.1

9.7
8.4
8.7
10.5
8.5

8.6
7.1
8.8
6.0

7.2
7.4
7.3
14.4

7.5
6.8
7.0
7.1

8.4
10.4
11.0
8.7

10.0
8.7
7.7
12.9

See footn otes at end of tables.

14

O ctober 1975
to
O ctober 1976

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
O ffic e c le r ic a l occupation being com pared—
Occupation which equals 100
Class A

S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S A ...............
S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 8 . . . ..........
S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S C . . . ..........
S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S 0 ...............
S E C R E T A R I E S . C L A S S F ...............
S T E N O G R A P H E R S . S E N I O R .............
S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ...........
TRANSCRIBING-NACHINE TYPISTS..
T Y P I S T S . C L A S S A .....................
T Y P I S T S . C L A S S R ...................
F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S A ...............
F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S R ...............
F I L E C L E R K S . C L A S S C ...............
N E S S E N G E R S ..............................
S U I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S .............
SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ........................
O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S A .............
O R D E R C L E R K S . C L A S S R .............
ACCOUN T I N G CLERKS. CL A S S A....
A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . C L A S S B . ...
B I L L I N G H A C H I N E R I L L E R S ..........
P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ........................
K E Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A..
KEY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B..

Stenographers

Secretaries

Class B

Class C

100
116
128
141
120
140
137
144
157
144
169
169
166
139

100
113
124
114
130
122
131
144
128
151
156
153
128

147
112
131
127
146
154
125
128
140

128
103
132
115
135
105
112
112
124

100
114
130
143
153
130
147
152
153
170
149
179
188
184
155
147
122
139
138
155
(6)
133
136
154

Class E

Senior

General

116

100
101
110
106
113
126
112
121
142
138
110

100
113
104
115
127
103
116
135
144
108

100
<61
99
107
90
114
114
120
98

126
104
120
105
122
100
101
105
115

111
( 6)
95
98
114
( 61
92
98
107

124
(6)
125
106
125
(6)
99
102
115

99
(6)
105
96
109
<6»
94
91
99

Class D

100
114
107
121
120
122
138
107
131
157
144

Tran­
scribingmachine
typists

Typists

F ile clerks
Messen­
gers

Class A

Class B

110
125
139
124
110

100
116
96
117
129
126
100

100
94
105
115
105
91

111
(61
116
90
107
(6)
90
90
102

112
83
96
90
103
(61
92
91
105

95
(6)
94
81
95
79
77
77
86

100
109
117

Class A

Switch­
board
operators

Class B

Class C

100
117
125
137
109

100
113
112
93

100
94
85

100
87

83
(61
(6)
76
90
91
80
80
88

77
68
(61
70
84
<6»
73
71
76

87
(61
(6)
76
88
(6)
72
70
81

104
(6)
(6)
87
98
(6)
83
89
96

recep­
tionists

Accounting clerks

Order clerks

Class A

Class B

100
129
94
113
(6)
112
96
123

Class A

ion
88
105
<6 >
93
93
101

Class B

Billin gb illers

K ey entry operatois
P aiyo ll
clerks
Class A

Class B

100
119

133

100

10 8
( 6)
<61
90
107
<6>
96
94
106

Switch­
board

ion
87
93
87
100
101
87
87
101

100
117
135
98
103
111

13C
98
88
89
97

100
90
(61
(6)

130
100
115

P r o fe s s io n a l and tech n ical occupation being com pared—
Computer systems analysts (business)

Class A

CONPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ...............
CONPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S R ...............
CONPUTER SYSTEHS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ...............
CONPUTER PROGRAHHERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S A ...............
CONPUTER PROGRAHHERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S R ...............
CONPUTER PROGRAHHERS
( 8 U S I N E S S ) . C L A S S C ...............
CONPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS A...
CONPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS 8...
CONPUTER OPERATORS. CLASS C...
C O N P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R I A N S ........
D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A ...................
O R A F T E R S . C L A S S B ...................
D R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ...................
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
C L A S S A .................................
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
C L A S S 8 .................................
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.
C L A S S ...................................
REGISTERED INDUSTRIAL NURSES..

Class B

Class C

Computer program m en (business)

Class A

Class B

Class C

Computer operators

Class A

Class A

Class B

85
(6)
113

100
122
161

100
132

Class C

Electronics technicians

Class C

Class A

Class B

Registered

Class C

100
121

103

151

122

118

102

69

141

121

91

123

100

170
161
189
238
209

144
135
155

144
141
167

150
169
195

203
173
127
146
164

110
106
120
153
132
101
120
137

209
183
127
152
174

126
121
139
165
152
99
120
152

100
99
111
137
125
89
114
124

132

109

92

119

98

161

139

105

141

116

195
158

164
128

too

(6)
105

103

181
128

142
114

100
117

100

132

123
116
82
102
112

100
100
69
84
101

83

86

68

61

66

93

80

67

100

101

2 55

230

80

86

110

96

77

128

100

10 6
88

134
102

115
88

91
76

157
95

121
(6)

117
103

145
133
93
104

122
102

See note under ta b le A - 9 and footn ote at end o f tables.




Class B

Drafters

Computer
data

15

106
91

94
86

100

103

103
78

103

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
M aintenance, too lro o m , and pow erplant occupation being com pared—
Occupation which equals 100

Mechanics
Carpenters

Electricians

Painters

Sheet-m etal workers

Machinists
M achinery

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ...........
M A I N T E N A N C E E L E C T R I C I A N S ........
M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S . . . ..........
M A I N T E N A N C E m a c h i n i s t s ................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M A C H I N E R Y ) ...........................
MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( M O T O R V E H I C L E S ) ...................
MAINTENANCE SHEET-METAL
W O R K E R S ................ ................
MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS....
MACHINE-TOOL OPERATORS
( T O O L R O O M ) ............................
T O O L A N D D I F M A K E R S ................
S T A T I O N A R Y E N G I N E E R S ..............

Trades helpers

M ach in e-to o l
Operators (to o lro o m )

T o o l and die makers

Stationary engineers

M otor veh icles

too
93
103
92

100
110
102

100
88

iao

97

107

91

108

99

110

99

107

100

100

100
130

108
139

97
1 29

108
137

100
141

98
135

100
122

100

95
92
97

104
100
102

91
8R
94

102
97
107

95
90
98

94
94
97

97
93
97

82
72
76

100

100
97
104

100
105

100

M a te r ia l m ovem en t and cu stodia l occupation being com pared—
Truck drivers
Shippers
Light truck

T R U C K D R I V E R S . L I G H T T R U C K .......
TRUCKDRIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK....
T R U C K D R I V E R S , H E A V Y T R U C K .......
TRUCKDRIVERS, TRACTOR-TRAILER.
S H I P P E R S .................................
R E C E I V E R S ...............................
S H I P P E R S A N D R E C E I V E R S ...........
W A R E H O U S E M E N ...........................
O R D E R F I L L E R S .........................
S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S .....................
M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R F R S . •..
F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S ..................
G U A R D S , C L A S S A ......................
G U A R D S . C L A S S R . .............. .
j a n i t o r s , p o r t e r s , a n d
c l e a n e r s ...............................

Medium truck

H eavy truck

R eceivers

Shippers and
receivers

W arehouse me n

Order fillets

Shipping packers

T racto r-trailer

M ateria l
handling
laborers

Guards
Fork lift
operators

fanitors, porters
and cleaners
Class A

Class B

100

125
95
97
109

100
(6)
97
108
112
105
105
125
141
121
110
115
(6)

117

131

83

(6)
(6 )
(6 )
82

100
107
98
94

ioa
98
(6)
(6)
(6)
106

126

100
123
108
(6)
112
(6)
133
112
109
(6)
(6)

100
107
(6)
105
107
128
123
102
(6)
118

100
(6)
104
134
121
118
102
95
109

100
105
121
120
(6)
108
94
120

140

152

124

127

129

(6 )

(6)
106
105
(6 )

100
106
122
114
100
98
103

100
96
(6)
79
(6)
(6)

100
93
81
91
99

100
90
90
86

100
101
111

100
113

100

139

103

101

102

131

128

115

100

See footnote at end o f tables.

N O T E : T a b les A - 8 and A -9 p resen t the a v e ra g e pay relatio n sh ip betw een p a irs o f occupations w ithin establish m ents,
F o r exam ple, a value o f 122 in dicates that earn in gs fo r the occupation d ir e c t ly
above in the heading a re 22 p ercen t g r e a te r than earnings fo r the occupation d ir e c t ly to the le ft in the stub. S im ila rly , a value o f 85 indicates earn in gs fo r the occu pation in the heading a re 15 p ercen t
below earnings fo r the occupation in the stub.
See appendix A fo r method of computation.




16

Earnings: Large establishments
W eek ly earnings 1
(standard)

Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
w eekly
hours *
(standard)

M ean ^

Median 2

NUMBER

M idd le range 2

OF

UORKERS

110
ANO
UNDER
120

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

2 80

300

320

3 40

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

500

520

521
26
495
1

1467
352
1115
35

2261
622
1639
102

1907
792
1115
127

2071
926
1145
82

1963
983
9 80
105

1729
1029
700
128

1451
769
682
244

1398
726

1354
637
747
97

837
288
549
41

274
96
178
50

177
55
122
20

157
54
103
13

52
13
39
3

17
7
10

2

1
1

-

-

5

33
9

80
24
56
9

67
46
21
3

63
62
i

22
12
10
7

31
20
11
4

29
18
11

2

2

24
4

51
8
43
6

17
11

5
2

25
1
24
10

2

-

_
_

_

-

-

S E C R E T A R I E S ....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

17.791
7.398
10.493
1 *154

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

*271.50
281.00
264.50
294.50

*265.00
279.00
253.00
299.50

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S A ...................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

520
286
234
61

39.5
40.0
39.0
37.5

336.50
351.50
318.50
331.00

333.00
353.00
311.50
315.00

298.50330.00280.50264.30-

367.50
373.00
338.00
393.50

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S B ....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

2.639
1*608

305.50
313.00
293.50
308.30

300.00
310.00
276.00
309.50

266.50285.30244.30258.00-

342.00
343.50
333.50
364.00

-

1 .031
229

39.5
39.5
39.0
38.0

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S C ...................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

5.618
3.198
2.420
369

39.5
39.0
39.5
40.0

273.00
279.50
264.00
299.50

268.00
278.00
255.50
298.50

234.00243.00223.00256.50-

306.50
318.50
290.50
345.50

-

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S 0 ...................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..........................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

5.175
1.693
3.482
381

39.5
40.0
39.5
39.0

253.50
259.00
251.00
273.50

244.50
254.50
237.00
273.50

211.50230.00206.50216.30-

289.00
285.00
297.00
318.50

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S E ...................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......... .............

2.273
1.710

39.0
39.5

215.50
211.00

204.00
199.50

184.00184.00-

230.00
218.50

_

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . . . ........... ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......... ..................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

1.067
497
570
237

39.5
40.0
39.0
39.5

256.50
279.00
236.50
272.00

257.00
284.00
232.00
277.50

215.50240.00189.00234.00-

302.00
312.00
278.00
293.50

_

S T E N O G R A P H E R S * S E N I O R ............. .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ....... ..................
NONMANUFACTURING................

595
354
241

39.5
40.0
38.5

264.50
291.50
224.50

272.00
297.00
215.50

220.50265.50185.00-

S T E N O G R A P H E R S . G E N E R A L ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..........................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . .......................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ................

472
143
329

246.00
247.00
245.50
267.00

240.00
235.50
240.50
266.50

*220.00- *318.50
240.00- 320.00
210.30- 318.50
245.00- 331.00

-

-

-

-

-

STRAIGHT-TIME

WEEKLY

EARNINGS

<IN

672
104

DOLLARS)

OF—

-

-

“

-

-

17
13
4
2

i

75
59
16
4

4

3

-

-

-

117
26
91
9

175
54
121
31

229
74
155
22

312
166
146
12

435
299
136
38

388
322
66
16

2 63
212
51
18

238
186
52
23

187
146
41
23

107
44
63
28

56
31
25
3

70
24
46
5

12
2
10

15
5
10

“

35
17
18
i

72
11
61
“

301
101
200
2

615
295
320
18

602
307
295
47

826
402
424
27

914
508
406
50

713
535
178
41

435
276
159
47

415
325
90
36

441
326
115
73

82
65
17
12

110
31
79
11

47
4
43
3

34
12
22
2

10

184
8
176
“

450
67
383
28

909
185
724
72

857
330
527
47

817
367
450
19

499
261
238
35

316
168
148
13

329
134
195
118

407
127
2 80
35

253
19
234

23
9
14
2

11

4

-

87
18
69
2

11
8

4
2

“

122
120

258
251

658
491

550
447

234
133

113
31

44
5

73
54

101
88

82
66

30
16

3
3

2
2

3
3

1

12
12

115
56
59
14

157
48
109
47

101
63
38
24

107
54
53
37

130
59
71
57

143
121
22
8

119
86
33
27

_

1

80
7
73
1

16

-

86
3
83
6

_

_
_

-

-

312.30
316.50
243.00

-

_

-

43

54
3
51

51
17
34

72
20
52

54
42
12

58
45
13

59
56
3

101
87
14

103
84
19

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

211.00212.00204.00234.00-

291.00
297.00
291.00
293.50

_

64
39
25
14

85
28
57
47

47
21
26
24

49
9
40
37

71

16

_

_

3
68
54

42
34
8

_

_

16
16

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

213

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

T Y P I S T S ..........

255

39.0

210.50

209.00

171.50-

220.00

T Y P I S T S ...........................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ........................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

1.992
730
1.262
51

39.5
40.0
39.0
40.0

201.00
242.50
176.50
214.50

185.00
232.50
165.50
201.00

160.00198.00153.30194.00-

226.00
296.50
187.50
240.00

TRANSCRIBING-HACHINE

"

152
2
150
“

-

RECEIVING

-

“
_

1

1
“
-

_

29

~

-

29

-

~

43

16
16

12

1

12
“

6

26
4
22
1

-

16
2
14
14

-

36

47

24

55

47

6

16

6

6

12

-

-

102

456
55
401
4

267
129
138
6

236
100
136
23

145
134
11
2

64
62
2
2

58
32
26
6

100
68
32
5

102
89
13

68
58
10

1
1

102

388
1
387
3

-

-

4

_

-

-

43
3
40

4

-

_
_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

1
-

2
2

_
-

1
1

-

-

10

_

_
_

_

_
-

"

See footn otes at end o f ta b les.




17

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

S T R A I G H T — TIME W E E K L Y E A R N I N G S

CIN (DOLLARS! O F —

11 0
AND
UNDER
120

120

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

38 0

400

420

440

460

480

500

140

160

180

20 0

22 0

240

260

2B0

300

320

34 0

360

380

400

420

44 0

460

4 80

500

520

39.0 <217.00 *194.50 S 1 76 .0 0- S2 44 .0 0
39.5
251.50
20 1. 50 - 311.50
239.50
179.30
38.5
191.50
167.00- 202.00

_
-

6
6

37
37

195
12
183

146
65
81

114
46
68

44
35
9

31
30
1

18
17
1

25
18
7

43
30
13

66
56
10

4
4

1
1
-

_
“

i
i

_

_

-

_
-

”

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

TYPISTS— CONTINUED
T Y P I S T S * C L A S S A . . .......... .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ............ .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

731
311
42 0

T Y P I S T S . C L A S S B ............. .......
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

1.216
41 9
79 7

39.5
40.0
39.0

1 8 8 . CO
236.00
163.00

167.50
232.50
159.50

153.00- 218.00
198.00- 287.00
148.50- 168.00

-

96
96

351
1
350

261
43
218

121
64
57

122
54
68

101
99
2

33
32
1

20
15
5

50
50
-

59
59
-

2
2
-

_
-

-

_
-

_
-

F I L E C L E R K S ..............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . .................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

1 .294
331
96 3
84

38 . 5
39.5
38.5
40.0

188.00
223.50
175.50
262.50

163.00
220.50
153.00
293.50

142.00- 220.50
182.00- 248.50
140.30- 178.00
159.00- 332.70

144
14 4
-

95
95
-

33 0
17
313
21

232
46
186
6

110
63
47
1

52
29
23
3

49
35
14
~

81
74
7
3

24
17
7
3

47
30
17
9

45
14
31
11

31
4
27
16

48
2
46
5

2
2
2

_
-

4
4
4

-

F I L E C L E R K S * C L A S S A ................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................. .

16 5
150

39.0
38 . 5

257.00
251.50

221.00
204.00

194. 00 - 344.50
192.00- 344.50

-

-

15
15

36
36

22
20

14
14

_

-

4
-

46
44

2
2

4
4

-

-

14
7

_

-

8
8

_

-

F I L E C L E R K S * C L A S S B ................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

516
365

38 . 5
38.5

201.00
185.50

172.50
163.00

1 5 9 . 0 0 - 24 3 . 3 0
153. 00 - 178.00

_

19
19

113
113

159
159

36
10

8
2

12
-

75
1

17
-

33
17

15
15

27
27

2
2

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

F I L E C L E R K S * C L A S S C ................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...........

61 3
44 8

39 . 0
38.5

158.00
142.00

142.00
142.00

124.50- 171.30
118.50- 148.50

144
144

76
76

209
19 2

58
12

38
1

22
1

23
-

6
6

7
7

14
-

16
9

M E S S E N G E R S ...............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ........ .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............ .

75 7
22 3
534

39 . 0
38 . 5
39.5

181.50
183.50
181.00

172.00
181.00
167.00

144.50- 217.50
145.00- 212.50
142.50- 217.50

28
28

111
44
67

187
42
145

82
21
61

86
36
50

84
34
50

103
13
90

49
24
25

10
8
2

1
1
-

16

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S . . . . . . .........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ..................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...........
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

1. 1 9 1
28 2
90 9
63

38 . 5
39 .5
38 . 0
38.5

217.50
239.00
210.50
265.50

194.50
245.00
176.00
280.00

170.00208.00164.50224.00-

267.50
267.50
280.00
318.00

5
5

75

11 5
1
11 4
~

330
43
287
2

93
21
72
6

91
42
49
6

41
24
17
9

94
45
49
-

80
67
13
2

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S . . . ......................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ................ .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

398
114
284

38 . 5
39 .0
38 . 0

188.30
213.50
177.50

172.50
188.00
161.00

150.70- 196.00
175.00- 214.00
142.50- 184.00

-

40
40

112
12
100

74
20
54

76
44
32

23
10
13

8
-

-

8

2
2

O R O E R C L E R K S . . . . . ............ .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ......... .............

47 9
314

39.5
39.5

207.50
226.50

198.30
207.00

170.00- 254.00
188. 50 - 273.50

12
-

12
-

75
12

30
30

120
99

82
25

20
20

A C C O U N T I N G C L E R K S . ......... ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

4.539
1 .555
2*984
509

39 . 5
39 . 5
39 . 5
40.0

237.00
232.50
239.50
254.00

217.50
215.00
218.00
254.50

185.00189.50184.00216.50-

_
-

70
70
-

208
4
20 4
-

594
196
39 8
25

75 9
351
40 8
27

688
256
43 2
95

ACCOUNTING CLERKS. CLASS A.......
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ..... .................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PUBLIC UTILITIES. .. .. .. .. .. .. .

2.113
861
1.252
15 2

39 . 5
39 . 5
39 . 5
39.5

245.00
246.50
244.00
283.50

228.00
233.00
221.00
299.50

195.50- 288.00
200.00- 288.00
19 1. 50 - 302.50
254.00- 318.50

-

9
9

58

152
26
126
“

38 0
18 5
195
3

386
154
232
11

See

footnotes

at e n d

286.50
266.50
296.50
291.00

-

75

58

of tables.




18

“
-

_

~
“

-

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

“

“

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
-

_
“

_
-

_
-

-

16

“

82
18
64
18

82
3
79
20

10 2
17
85
“

_

1
1
-

_

16
15
1

24
2
22

8
-

7
3
4

2
2
-

-

8

13
13

63
63

40
40

6
6

6
6

-

_

462
162
300
92

277
166
111
25

210
91
119
27

331
147
205
137

278
50
228
54

22 2
43
17 9
21

21 6
53
16 3
6

280
99
181
13

187
114
73
21

78
46
32
15

95
72
23
14

159
41
118
54

63
43
20
15

79
51
28
6

”
-

-

-

“

~

A
A

-

-

-

-

-

~

“

17 5
8
16 7
~

19
19
-

16 5
8
15 7
-

13
13
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

_

9
9
-

_

_
-

-

-

9
9

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

_
“
-

-

_

“

Table A-10. Weekly earnings of office workers, large establishments, Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif,, October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G

Middle range 2

S T R A I G H T -TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

<TN D O L L A R S )

OF—

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

*80

500

2 80

300

320

3 40

360

380

400

420

440

460

4 80

500

520

10
_

6
6

_
_

_

_

_

10
-

_

-

110
ANO
UN D E R
120

120

140

160

180

200

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

-

61

150
4
146
~

44 2
170
272
25

379
166
21 3
24

302
102
200
84

182
63
119
79

90
52
38
4

122
45
77
12

247
75
172
123

104
9
95
-

12 9
12 9
6

127
2
125
-

-

-

37
13
24
“

74
39
35
“

94
8
86

118
61
57
15

49
30
19
7

74
16
58
15

43
21
22
5

77
46
31
14

52
13
39
13

19
3
16
9

58
21
37
1

36
4
32
-

10

10

10
-

10

242
63
179
13

35 7
136
221
23

572
265
307
24

663
236
427
112

325
88
237
91

1 59
54
105
50

413
120
293
127

22 9
64
165
5

139
50
89
46

19
19

25
25

4
4

_

_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

31
1
30
”

97
25
72
4

295
162
133
5

292
153
139
29

110
50
60
6

36
26
10
1

89
53
36
10

134
63
71
5

88
50
38

19
19

19
19

4
4

_

-

-

211
62
149
13

26 0
111
14 9
19

27 7
103
174
19

371
83
288
83

215
38
177
85

93
28
65

2 59
67
192
117

50
1
49

46
-

-

6
6

46
46

_

_

_

ACCOUNTING CLERKS— CONTINUED
ACCOUNTING

C L E R K S . C L A S S R ........
........
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ...
PUBLIC UTILITIES.,
manufacturing

2.351
694
1 .657
357

39.5 * 2 2 7 . 5 0 * 2 0 8 . 0 0 * 1 7 6 . 0 0 - * 2 83 .5 0
1 7 8 . 5 0 - 24 0 . 0 0
39.5
21 4 . 5 0
200.00
1 7 5 . 0 0 - 29 1. 00
39.5
23 3 . 0 0
215.50
2 2 5 . JO 2 1 5 . 0 0 - 2 9 1. 00
40 .0
2 4 1. 50

”

61
”

P A Y R O L L C L E R K S ..........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..
P U B L I C UT I L I T I E S . .

757
275
482
79

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

24 9. 50
24 1. 50
25 4 . 5 0
27 0. 50

240.00
229.00
241.00
273.50

198.00207.00195.50231.50-

2 9 6. 00
2 8 4. 50
31 7 . 5 0
31 3. 50

-

6

“

6
“

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..
P U B L I C U T IL IT IE S. .

3.247
1.129
2.118
491

39.5
39.5
39.5
40.0

23 8. 00
2 4 0 . OG
23 7 . 0 0
25 9 . 5 0

228.00
22 7 . 5 0
228.00
250.00

204.00206.00202.50228.00-

2 8 2. 50
2 7 9. 50
28 6 . 0 0
29 9. 50

9
9
“

14
14
“

77
5
72
~

1.214
62 5
58 9
60

39.0
39.5
39.0
39 .5

24 7 . 5 0
2 5 5. 50
23 9 . 5 0
2 4 3. 00

231.00
240.00
226.00
229.00

2 1 0 . 0 0 - 28 6 . 5 0
2 1 3 . 5 0 - 29 9 . 0 0
2 0 5 . 0 0 - 26 9. 00
2 2 4 . 0 0 - 27 3. 00

“

-

-

1 .888
5 04
1.384

39.5
39.0
39.5

22 7 . 5 0
22 1. 00
23 0 . 0 0
2 6 2* 00

225.00
21 4 . 0 0
228.00
254*50

190.00188.00191.50228*00-

9
9

14

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ..
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..
PUBLIC UTILITIES.

CLASS

A .....

KE Y E N T R Y O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S R .....
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ..
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ..

See

footnotes

at e n d

25 8 . 0 0
24 5 . 0 0
26 0. 00
29 9. 50

14

77
5
72

of tables.




19

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

_
_
_

_
_

_
_

_
_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_
_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_
_

_
_

_
_

_

_

_

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G
O c c u p a t i o n a n d indu s t r y division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

Mean 2

Median 2

Middle range 2

1* 0
AND
UN D E R
16 0

CONPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) . . . . . . . . . ..... ............
NANUF AC TU R I N G ........... ............
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2.013
791
1.222
21 3

CONPUTER SVSTENS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S) f C L A S S A ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N " A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

98 3
390
59 3

39 . 5
39 . 5
39 . 5

*95.00
527.50
*73.00

*91.50
527.00
*65.00

4*2.50*79.50*32.50-

5*8.50
570.00
51 * . 5 0

CONPUTER SVSTENS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) * C L A S S B ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .................. .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U BL IC U T I L I T I E S ............ .

71 3
281
*3 2
81

39 .5
40.0
39 .5
*0.0

*28.50
*36.50
*23.50
*29.00

*20.00
*2*.00
*12.50
*20.00

383.03*00.00375.00*07.50-

4 8 4 . CO
*7 8 . 0 0
*8 * . 5 0
*3 9 . 5 0

CONPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B US IN ES S* . C L A S S C ................

251

39.5

3*0.50

335.50

316.03-

36 8 . 3 0

CONPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS*....
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

1 *666
886
780

39 .0
38 .5
39 . 5

372.00
382.00
360.50

374.00
377.50
361.50

322.50- *13.50
332.00- *10.50
306.50- *16.00

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ........................

69 3
392
301

39 . 0
39 .0
39 . 5

*2*.50
*35.00
*10.50

410.50
*10.50
*07.00

391.00394.00377.50-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S B . .....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......... .............

505
292
213

39 . 0
38 . 5
39 . 5

3*5.50
367.50
315.00

352.00
366.00
328.50

322.303*7.30287.50-

37 6 . 0 0
39 1. 00
3* 5 . 5 0

352
186
166

39 . 0
38 .5
39 .0

297.50
302.50
292.50

294.00
302.00
288.00

276.00276.00255.50-

32 6 . 0 0
330.00
31 3. 00

~

COMPUTER OPERATORS.................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................

1 .829
8*3
986

39 . 5
39 .5
39 . 5

277.00
279.50
274.50

270.50
266.00
276.00

236.00239.30233.50-

31 0 . 5 0
31 9 . 5 0
30 7. 50

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S A.......
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
NO NM A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...........

65 2
318
33*

39 . 0
39 . 0
39 . 5

301.50
309.00
294.50

292.00
300.00
291.50

2 5 9 . 0 0 - 3* 2 . 0 0
2 6 0 . 5 0 - 35 6 . 0 0
2 5 6 . 0 0 - 33 3 . 0 0

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S B .......
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................

829
392
*37

39 .5
39 . 5
39 . 5

271.00
271.00
271.00

269.50
265.00
276.00

2 3 0 . 3 0 - 30 7 . 5 0
2 3 0 . 3 0 - 30 2. 00
2 3 0 . 5 0 - 30 7. 50

22 0

240

260

280

300

323

3*0

380

*20

*60

500

5*0

580

620

660

700

180

200

220

24 0

260

280

300

3 20

3*3

3 80

*20

46 0

500

5*0

5 80

620

660

70 0

740

2

“

6
1
5
-

3

“
“

41
11
30
2

*1
17
24
-

91
29
62
22

23*
86
1 <18
20

300
88
212
51

332
126
206
36

361
135
22 6
1*

273
130
1*3
28

210
80
130
31

81
53
28
8

27
25
2
-

9
8
1
1

33
5
28

79
10
69

198
45
15 3

23 5
78
15 7

152
89
63

171
75
96

71
53
18

27
25
2

9
8
1

131
*7
84
2

19*
67
127
38

119
66
53
2*

112
53
59
9

91
41
50
2

29
5
2*
4

-

-

-

2
“

“

-

-

3
-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

1

5

-

-

-

-

-

1

5

8
1
7
“

23
23

-

9
i
8
2

-

-

-

2
2
-

2
2
-

-

-

-

-

-

6

3

32

32

66

70

27

9

4

-

-

-

-

~

54
20
34

108
68
40

64
13
51

115
51
6*

1*8
82
66

3 80
21 6
164

370
232
138

18 4
58
12 6

112
72
40

41
31
10

29
27
2

6
4
2

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2*1
152
89

141
52
89

93
68
25

*C
30
10

29
27
2

6
4
2

-

“

96
4J
56

-

“

3*
12
22

-

-

13
7
6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16

_

28
12
16

“

-

2

27

“
-

27

“

-

“

11
1
10

17
5
12

18
2
16

51
15
36

68
32
36

217
1*5
72

83
78
5

8
6
2

4
4
-

1
1
-

-

-

-

-

16

11
3
8

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

11
11

17
9
8

35
11
24

91
63
28

38
3
35

51
29
22

*6
38
8

57
31
26

6
2
4

-

-

-

—
-

—
“

“

-

-

35
12
23

78
7
71

159
102
57

228
91
137

26*
142
122

262
140
122

169
82
87

225
58
167

112
*3
69

232
11 3
119

53
*6
7

5
5
~

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

4
4

13
1
12

40
16
24

108
55
53

112
58
54

58
28
30

68
34
34

78
19
59

1 25
62
*3

*2
*1
1

4
4
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

*9
5
A*

71
52
19

141
58
83

93
55
38

103
52
51

87
51
36

1*8
2*
12*

3*
2*
10

77
51
26

11
5
6

i
i
-

2
2
-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

5

“
-

12
12
-

See footnotes at end o f ta b les.




OF—

20 0

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS*.
C L A S S C .......... ........... ........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

(IN D O L L A R S *

180

-

-

WEEKLY EARN IN GS

160

*56.00
*7 9 . 5 0
*4 1 . 7 0

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S A . . . . . ..............................
MANUFACTURING...................

39.5 **53.00 **51.00 *393.03- *511.30
39 . 5
*69.30
*69.00
* 0 4 . 0 0 - 53 0 . 0 0
3 8 8 . 5 0 - *9 9 . 5 0
39.5
0*2.53
*39.00
*25.50
*0 . 0
**8.00
3 9 4 . 3 0 - 52 4 . 0 3

STRAIGHT-TIME

20

_

-

_
-

Table A-11. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, large establishments.
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Weekly earnings 1
(standard)
Occupation an d industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard) Mean 2

Median 2

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G

Middle range 2

STRAIGHT-TIME

WEEKLY EARNINGS

(IN D O L L A R S )

OF —

140
AND
UN D E R
160

160

180

20 0

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

380

420

460

500

540

580

620

660

700

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

3 20

340

380

420

460

500

540

580

620

660

700

740

5
5

23
23

25
2
23

75
49
26

47
17
30

63
32
31

47
30
17

24
3
21

9
9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

16
16

9
9

11
-

10
5

26
10

22
14

5
5

10
9

3
1

4
-

15
10

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

COMPUTER OPERATORS— CONTINUED
C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S C. . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........... .

318
133
185

39 .5 * 2 32 .5 0 * 2 32 .5 0 * 2 0 2 . 5 0 - *2 60 .5 0
23 4. 00
2 0 9 . 0 0 - 25 7. 50
40 .0
23 6 . 0 0
39.0
1 9 8 . 0 0 - 26 1 . 0 0
23 2. 00
2 3 1. 50

C O M P U T E R D A T A L I B R A R I A N S .........
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

131
79

39.0
39 .5

2 4 0 . CO
23 5. 50

23 6 . 5 0
23 9. 50

1 9 6 . 5 0 - 26 3 . 0 0
171.50- 278.00

D R A F T E R S ..............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

957
816
141

40.0
40.0
40.0

2 9 8. 00
2 8 7. 00
36 0. 50

29 4 . 0 0
28 7 . 0 0
36 2. 50

245.30238.00287.50-

34 0 . 0 0
32 7. 00
42 8 . 5 0

_
-

15
15

33
32
1

96
91
5

80
73
7

74
67
7

94
84
10

115
101
14

135
119
16

72
67
5

12 6
112
14

45
36
9

D R A F T E R S . C L A S S A................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

431
359
72

40.0
40 .0
40.0

33 8 . 5 0
32 6. 00
40 0. 00

3 2 5. 00
31 8. 50
42 8. 50

300.003 0 0. 00 326.00-

36 2. 00
35 5 . 0 0
46 4 . 0 0

_
-

_
-

_
-

i
i

8
6
2

16
15
1

19
19
-

50
45
5

105
97
8

46
41
5

100
94
6

DRAFTERS.

C L A S S R ................
....................

242
192

40.0
40 .0

29 6 . 0 0
28 6 . 0 0

2 8 6. 50
28 5. 00

2 6 0 . 0 0 - 31 9. 50
2 5 9 . 0 0 - 30 6 . 0 0

_

_

_

manufacturing

-

-

-

15
15

11
10

31
25

55
45

50
46

20
12

14
14

, c l a s s c ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . ............

237
21 8

40.0
40 .0

24 3. 50
2 4 1. 00

23 0. 50
22 9. 50

211.00211.00-

26 1 . 0 0
25 9 . 0 0

_
-

4
4

19
18

73
69

55
51

23
23

17
17

13
8

10
10

12
12

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ................

5.063
2. 0 2 2
3.041

40 .0
40 .0
40.0

36 1 . 5 0
32 2 . 5 0
3 8 7. 50

39 1. 00
32 3. 50
391.00

313.00283.00391.30-

40 7.00
36 3.50
41 3. 50

12
12
“

6
6
-

7
6
1

72
24
48

105
94
11

137
125
12

202
196
6

47 6
282
194

421
223
198

ELEC TR ON IC S TE CHNICIANS. CLASS A •
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

1. 51 6
1.001

40.0
40 .0

38 8 . 0 0
36 3 . 0 0

39 2. 50
36 2. 00

349.00339.50-

43 3. 50
39 4. 50

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

10
9

4
3

48
47

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S R.
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . .........

3.119
626

40 .0
40.0

3 6 3. 50
30 3. 50

39 1. 00
30 0 . 0 0

318.00280.00-

40 7. 00
32 3.50

_

_

_

-

-

48
-

7
6

35
33

118
117

346
15 5

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S c.

421

40.0

25 1 . 0 0

25 0 . 0 0

231.50-

2 7 9. 00

12

6

7

24

98

92

80

82

18

2

299
214
85

39 .5
40 .0
39.0

33 8. 00
34 5 . 0 0
32 0. 00

3 3 5. 50
3 3 9. 50
31 9. 50

3 1 0 . 0 0 - 3 6 9. 00
3 1 2 . 0 0 - 37 9 . 0 0
3 0 0 . 5 0 - 36 0 . 0 0

-

5
5

i
i

_

7
7

6
3
3

6
4
2

30
20
10

49
27
22

52
46
6

drafters

RE GI ST ER ED INDUSTRIAL NURSES....
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
NONMANUFACTURING.............

-

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




21

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

*

“

39
19
20

33
33

“

-

-

-

32
29
3

21
13
8

33
33

-

_
-

_
“

_
-

-

_
-

21
18

7
1

18
6

_

_

_

_

-

_

“

-

5
-

6
6

_

_

_

-

286
238
48

5 41 22 7 5
435
340
106 19 3 5

70
68

130
128

385
37 6

333
137

152
108

-

-

-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

~

-

412
37
375

Ill
4
10 7

~

-

-

-

-

-

364
337

394
29

111
4

-

_

-

“

-

-

153 19 10
59
3

17
8

“

“

“

-

-

-

-

4
4

4
4

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

90
64
26

45
35
10

-

“

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, large establishments,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
iv ense

(mean*)
Occupation,

s e x , 3 and industry division

OFFICE

OCCUPATIONS
PEN

Number
of
workers

Weekhr
Weekly
hours
earnings1
(standard) (standard)

Occupation,

-

messengers:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................

s e x , 3 a n d industry division

Number
of
workers

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours
(standard) (standard)

TYPISTS—
1A 0

38.5

CONTINUED

KEY

ENTRY

OPERATORS—

CONTTNUEO

CLASS

Pt

AO.O

CLERKS........................

40.0

CLERKS.

CLASS

FILE

CLERKS.

CLASS

file

AO.O

39.0

*2*9.00

545
57

39.0
39.5

1*151

2*1.00
2*3.50

ENTRY

OPERATORS*

CLASS

*236.00

846
63

38.5
39.5
38.5
40.0

187.00
225.00
173.53
2*2.50

1*3
130

38.5
38.5

2*7.50
243.00

*<.9

38.5

201.50

539
393

39.0
38.5

158.00
142.00

220.50

303.00
FILE

28*

1.163

KEY

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . • • • • • • • • • • .......
PUBLIC UTILITIES..............
985

A.....

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
FILE

clerks

A ...................

PROFF S S I O N A L AND T E C H NICAL
O C C U P A T I O N S - MEN

351.50

B ...............

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS
1 *452

S E C R E T A R I E S * C L A S S C ...................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .........................

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hour*
(standard) (standard)

<180.00
41 7

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................

sex . 3 a nd industry division

Number
of
workers

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UOMEN— CONTINUEO

UOMEN

U T I L I T I E S .....................

Occupation,

OFFICE OCCUPATIONS UOMEN— CONTINUEO

TYPISTS*

PUBLIC

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

5*272
3.198

39.5
39.0

277.50
279.50

AO.O

* class

c

. ••••••••••••

449.00

299.50

messengers:
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .........................

39.5

281.00

COMPUTER
R 3

39.5
38.5
39.5
38.0

221.00
239.00
214.50

378
114
264

38.5
39.0
38.0

ANALYSTS

189.00

1*062
282
780

SYSTEMS

183.00
213.50
170.00

71 3
529.00

S W I T C H B O A R D O P E R A T O R S .....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..•••••••••••••••
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . •••••••••••••••
32 A

39.5

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ................................

30*

1 13 2 5

39.5

259.00

371

40.0

AO.O

275.50

3*575
1*398

39.5
39.5

2*5.50
246.00
2*5.00
286.00

39.5

238.00
232.00

1*765
759

160

39.0

38.5

22A.50

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ........... .

204

AO.O
39.0

1*745
639

39.5
39.5

227.00
216.00

632
260
372
67

39.5
39.5
39.5
43.0

244.00
2*2.00
2*5.50
275.00

720

AO.O

2.809
1*117

39.5
39.5

238.50
240.00

303
387

39.5
38.0

MANUF ACTURING.•..•••••••••••••••
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ............. .

PROGRAMMERS

PROGRAMMERS

39.0

*29.00

39.0
39.5

439.00
413.50

39.0
39.0

353.50
367.00

(BUSINESS*.

(BUSINESS).
148

COMPUTER

operators

305.50

:
629

39.0

280.00

27 1

39.0

30*.00

2A3.00
ENTRY

O P E R A T O R S ........................

252.50
192.00

See footn otes at end o f tables.




COMPUTER

*93

31 2
208

A . . . . . ...............................

COMPUTER

211.50

KEY
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .............................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

1 *006
12*

270.00

235

U T I L I T I E S .....................

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . • • • • • • • • • ........
P U R L I C U T I L I T I E S .....................

MANUFACTURING....•••••••••••••••

2 AO

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.5

399.50

30C
193

CLASS

PUBLIC

*34.50

200.00

22 8

39.5

22

COMPUTER

OPERATORS.

CLASS

a

:

Table A-12. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex, large establishments,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979— Continued
Average
(mean2)

Occupation, sex,3 and industry division

Number
of
worker*

Week^r
hour*
standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

P R O F F S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - HEN— CONTINUED
COMPUTER

CO MPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
(B U S I N E S S ) !
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
301
808

30 1. 00
28 8. 00

D R A F T F R S , C L A S S a ....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

ADO
337

AO .0
AO.O

3A O .50
32 6. 50

D R A F T F R S . C L A S S « ....................
P/WUF ACTURIISIG......................

17 A
1*3

A 3.0
AO.O

298.00 C O M P U T E R
28 3. 00

O R A F T E R S . C L A S S C ....................
MA MU F A C T U R I N G . ......................

198
1f6
t

AO.O
AC • 0

241 .00
23 8. 50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S ..............
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................

3.926
1. 8 S A

AO.O
AC.O

358.50
325.50

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S A.
W A MJF A C T U R I N G . . . . ..................

1. A8 3
975

AO.O
AC.O

389.00
363.00

C L A S S C.

See

footnotes

at




end

of t a b l e s .

AO.O

2A9.50

21A

AO.O

*279.00

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R S . C L A S S 8!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

91

AO.O

2 8 A .00

63

39.5

2 A 2.00

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

163

12A

AO.O

28 1. 00

59

AO.O

292.50

168

AO.O

290.50

60

AO.O

307.50

213
73

AC.O
39.0

3 A A . 50
323.00

4 A 3 8.50

39.5

52 2 . 0 0

39 .5

70

3A 1 . 0 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
PROGRAMMERS

(BUSINESS)!
38.0

3 5 1. 00

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
39.0
A 2 2. 00
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
class p :
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........ ...............
COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS (BUSINESS).
C L A S S C . .............. ...............

315

COMPUTER OPERATORS!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . ...................

M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

AO.O
AO.O

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIANS.

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hoursr
(standard) (standard)

P R O F E S S I O N A L AND T E C H N I C A L
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN— CONTINUED

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S 1. C L A S S A 1

ISO?

CLASS

Occupation, sex.3 and industry division

Number
of

N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ...................

39.0 *2 67 .5 0

D R A F T E R S ..................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

ELECTRONIC S TECHNICIANS*

Weekly
Weeklv
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

i
n
o
-

COMPUTER OPERATORS* CLASS R !
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

Occupation, sex,3 and industry division

PROFESSIONAL a n d TECHNICAL
OC CU PA TI ON S - WOMEN

OPERATORS— CONTINUED

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)
Number
of
workers

E L E C T R O N I C S T E C H N I C I A N S . C L A S S B!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . ..... ..............

RA

38.0

36 9 . 0 0

17ft
128

3ft. 0
38.0

29 7 . 0 0
29 8 . 0 0

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ........ ........

Table A-13. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, large establishments.
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
Hourly earnings 4

NU M B E R

Median*

4. 00 4 .40
ANO
UNDER
4. 40 4 .80

Number

Occupation and industry division

of
workers

Mean *

Middle range 2

*8.47- *9.47
9. 55
8. 0 2 9.149.47

OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G

(TN D O L L A R S )

*.80

5 .20

5.60

6.00 6 . 4 0

6 .80 7. 20 7.60

5.20

5 .60

6. 00

6.40 6 . 8 0

7 .20 7. 60 8.00 8. 40 8. 80 9 . 2 0

8.00 8.40 8. 8 0

OF—

9. 2 0 9 . 6 0 1 0 . 0 0 1 0 . 4 0 1 0 . 8 0 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 • 6 0 1 2 . 0 0
4N0
OV ER
. 8 0 1 1 . 2 0 1 1 . 6 0 1 2 .00
9.6010.0010.4013

1
1

5
4
1

7
6
1

9
8
1

20
17
3

38
38
“

28
28

69
52
17

56
40
16

10 9
49
63

71
62
9

4
4
-

6
4
2

20
8
12

“

“

2
1
1

3
3

~

“

101
82
19
1

95
94
i
-

25 3
137
11 6
55

99
85
14
8

289
269
20
8

17

~

45
41
4
~

36
36

“

6
1
5
”

17
1

160
148
12
10

~

4
4
“

4
4
“

16
16
“

18
16
2

8
7
1

17
15
2

29
25
4

47
38
9

74
52
22

11 9
49
70

3
2
1

6
4
2

4
4
-

~

-

“

-

~

“

28
28

43
40

39
39

35
35

35
35

21
21

15
10

166
109

-

1
~

-

99
99

139
139

33
31

216
193

67
58

64
61

228
228

30 4
295

25 9
11 3

209
185

481
454

-

-

7
6
1
1

72
“
72
72

4
i
3
3

13
4
9
i

7
4
3
1

8
5
3
2

68
35
33
30

51
40
11
7

252
87
16 5
95

326
42
284
214

“

“

1
1

6
6

i
i

”

-

3
3

12
12

34
34

M A I N T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R S ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N P AN UP AC TU RI NG ................

446
321
125

*8.97
8.78
9. 45

*9.14
8. 88
9. 4 7

e l e c t r i c i a n s .............
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................

9. 94
10.00
9. 69
9. 96

9. 8 8
10.09
9.36
9.27

9. 2 7 9. 04 9.279.27-

10.31
10 . 3 1
10.21
10.89

-

-

-

N O N " A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

1.229
996
233
101

”

“

“

M A I N T E N A N C E P A I N T E R S ..................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N * A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

391
267
124

8. 70
8. 59
8. 9 4

9. 1 4
8. 81
9. 5 0

8. 3 5 7.968. 9 8 -

9. 5 0
9. 2 6
9. 50

-

“

17
8
9

M A I N T E N A N C E M A C H I N I S T S ................
MANUFACTURING...................

42*5
363

9. 52
9. 39

9.88
9. 20

8. 3 0 - 1 0 . 3 1
8. 13 - 1 0 . 3 8

“

“

MAINTENANCE ME CH AN IC S (MACHINERY*..
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................

2.185
1 .923

8. 9 2
8.87

9.04
8. 9 0

7.997. 7 6 -

10.07
10.07

“

-

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(NOTOP V E H I C L E S ) ......................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . ..... .
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
PU B L I C U T I L I T I E S . . ......... .

1. 1 2 6
274
852
65 3

9.64
9. 4 3
9. 71
9. 67

9.63
9. 4 0
9.63
9. 6 3

9. 3 5 - 1 0 . 2 3
9.049.78
9.37- 10.23
9.37- 10.23

“
“
“

~

“

-

MAINTENANCE

S T R A I G H T - TTME H O U R L Y E A R N I N G S

-

“

“

“

-

-

~

“
~

3

-

-

_

13
13
12

11
11
6

99
99
-

25
23
2

_

_

-

-

_
_

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

46
46

30
12

7
7

48
48

_

_

-

-

80
12
68
65

10
10
10

70
28
42
42

126
10
116
78

32
32
32

-

26
26

12
12

_
-

4
4

_

-

_

~

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

6
6

m a i n t e n a n c e s h e e t - m e t a l w o r k e r s ....
m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . . . . .................

99
99

9. 3 9
9. 3 9

9. 4 8
9. 48

9.329.32-

9. 8 6
9. 86

-

M A I N T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R S ..........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................

315
25 5

6.94
6. 91

7.66
7.93

6. 0 1 5. 6 0 -

7. 9 3
8.04

49
49

5
5

5
3

7
7

6
5

28
19

11
6

8
2

33
1

87
86

60
56

6
6

2
2

8
8

_

-

_
-

“

-

1.054
1 .054

9. 7 2
9. 72

9. 6 4
9. 6 4

9.24- 10.27
9. 2 4 - 1 0 . 2 7

“

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

1
1

36
36

86
86

23
23

81
81

231
231

140
140

254
254

27
27

165
165

3
3

410
280

9. 6 5
9. 9 6

9.73
10.20

8. 9 7 - 1 0 . 3 8
9. 3 3 - 1 1 . 0 0

1

2

-

5

9
3

13
4

35
31

5
3

22
12

9
6

64
48

36
32

115
54

2
2

21
21

3

TOOL a n d

d i e M A K E R S . . . . . .............
m a n u f a c t u r i n g . . ............ ....... .

..................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

stationary

See

engineers

footnotes

at

end

_
2

of t a b l e s .




24

"
1

4

_

-

-

~
64
64

_

Table A-14. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, large establishments
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif., October 1979
Hourly timings *

O c c u p a t i o n a n d industry division

T R U C K D R I V E R S ............................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G . ...................
TRUCKO RI VE RS e LI GH T TRUCK!
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ........

Number
of
w
orfcers

4.557
1 .231
3.326

Mean 2

*9 .3 5
8.33
9.72

N U M B E R OF W O R K E R S R E C E I V I N G

Median2

2 . BO 3. 00 3.20 3 . AO 3 . BO A . 20 A . 60 5. 0 0 5 . AO
»N0
UN D E R
3.00 3. 2 0 3 . AO 3.80 A . 20 A . 60 5. 0 0 5 . AO 5 . 8 0

*9.35
8. 36
9. 40

*8.90-110.40
9.21
8.019.27- 1 0 . 8 2

15
15

STRAIGHT-TINE

20

11

11
9

3

8

12
9
3

HOURLY EARNINGS

12

31
19

9

12

67
39
28

64
50
14

17 2
93
79

17
10
7

131
86
45

543
524
19

49 1431
20
69
29 13 62

439
139
300

332
-

332

127
12 7
-

897
-

897

178
_
178

7

12

-

1

9

-

3

-

-

-

-

*

8

17
13
4

20
7
13

16
8
8

11
5
6

63
49
14

11
11
-

-

3
3
-

80
80
-

-

_
-

35
35

26
4
22
4

26
25
1
1

13 9
73
66
3

4
4
-

49
21
28
28

348
336
12
12

32 11 7 9
4
17
28 11 62
-

330
30
300
300

332
332
“

_
-

-

26
15

35
30

2
2

38
38

-

-

_
-

_

24
24

37
17
20

15
13

298
36
262

46
20
26

-

103
15
88

_
-

_
-

8

6. 90

12

52
52
-

22

21

1C
3

49
49

85
84

_
-

12
12

33
12

12
12

12 A
63
61
61

210
186
2A

11 7
79
38

418
6
412

118
lie
118

276
276
88

63
63
-

_
-

-

21
21

52
52

-

-

_
-

_

-

_

_

-

-

-

_

_

_

5. 73

4.81-

8.19
8.23
8.13

8. 18
8.22
7.71

6.849. 50
9. 4 5
8.006.43- 1 0 . 8 2

T R U C K O R I V E R S e T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R . ...
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S ............ .

2.656
527
2.129
526

9.20
8.19
9.45
9.89

9. 35
8.36
9. 35
9.40

9. 40
9.138.088.50
9.239. 40
9.40- 1 1 . 2 7

S H I P P E R S ..................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................

190
161

6.90
7. 07

6.65
6. 65

5.675.73-

8.30
8.45

13
12

1A
13

R E C E I V E R S . . . . . . . ........................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

702
223
479

7.69
7.65
7.71

8. 10
8. C 9
8.10

6.605.898.13-

8.50
9. 2 2
8. 10

18

69

12

22

S H I P P E R S ANO R E C E I V E R S ................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................

501
436

7. 00
6.97

7. 2 2
7. 2 2

5.455.45-

8. 60
8.60

W A R E H O U S E M E N ......... ...................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
N O N " A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

2.259
1.100
1.159
434

8.87
6.17
11 .4 2
15 .8 9

8. 0 4
6. 00
8. 95
8. 14

5.604.608.146.29-

8.95
8. 02
9. 37
9. 13

5A
5A

S H I P P I N G P A C K E R S .......................
MANUFACTURING...................

911
75 9

4.89
4.83

4.93
4. 75

4.053.87-

5.31
5. 31

171
16 2

111
110

M A T E R I A L H A N D L I N G L A B O R E R S ...........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

1. 42 1
74 2

6.02
5.09

6. 4 5
4. 65

4.443.90-

6. 92
6. 32

63
55

206
20 A

F O R K L I F T O P E R A T O R S .....................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . .....................

2.260
1 .284

8.34
8.05

8. 65
8. 58

6.769. 13
6. 67 - 1 0 . 2 0

G U A R D S ....................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G .......................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................
P U 8 L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

4.644
1.320
3. 3 2 4
116

5.00
6.81
4.28
7.78

4.00
6. 96
3.50
7. 29

3.256.103.177. 25 -

6. 9 6
7. 92
4.55
8. 69

G U A R D S e C L A S S A ............ ..........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................

1.218
68 0

6.56
7. 45

6. 90
7. 0 4

5. 01 6. 92 -

7. 3 9
7. 92

G U A R D S t C L A S S R ......................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
N ON WA N UF A C T U R I N G . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

3*400
640
2.760

4.41
6.12
4.01

3.50
6. 24
3.30

3. 20 4. 15 3.07-

5. 2 8
7. 70
4. 00

J A N I T O R S e P O R T E R S * AN O C L E A N E R S . . . .
M A N U F A C T U R I N G ........................
NONMANUFACTURING................
P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S .................

8.408
1. 9 3 4
6.474
396

5.62
6.34
5.41
7.82

5. 72
6. 1 2
5. 72
7. 81

4. 94 4. 98 4. 9 4 6. 88 -

5. 85
8.02
5. 84
8.21

12
12

9
13
13

39
13
95
9A

1

65
62
3

13
6

9
17
9

95
95

22

160
92

110

8

9A
91

272
198

78
19

12

67
A6

1 AO
85

A9
A1

6A

81
79
71

2

16

57
56
1

219
155
21

10

6A
A6
A1

AO
31
9
9

19

19

3
2

22

_

_

-

_

_
-

-

_
178
178
*178

_
-

_

_
-

_

_
_

_

11
11
11

_

123
90

305
AA

A2
2

8
8

153
7

97
17

12
12

-

“

-

202

23
19

6A
5A

417
155

96
66

605
137

_

13 3

348
348

-

-

95
79
16
2

142
11 9
23
5

151
107
44
37

30
27
3
-

6
6
-

-

6
6
-

6
6
-

15
6
9
-

122

68

A2

587

83
2A
59

27
A1

8A
52
32

3

100

120

39

32

66
1

44
9

35
22

61
48

279
252

14 8
109

55
41

58
56

107
87

10
4

27
27

6
6

_

6
6

6
6

15
6

442
442

650
7
64 3

508
21
487

261
138
12 3

208
31
177

51
24
27

56
41
15

24
18
6

49
30
19

86
72
14

82
36
46

3 40
20
3 20

51
44
7

37
23
14

35
32
3

115
103
12

3
3

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
-

_
~

319
58
261

173
28
145

709
97
612

245
99
146

301
69
232

38 3
136
24 7

635 19 34 22 13
122
123 31 3
513 1811 19 0 0
6
-

112
89
23
-

308
39
269
118

28
11
17
10

176
104
72
39

530
410
120
11 8

80
51
29
29

152
137
15
14

27
27
27

48
48
-

35
35
35

-

-

-

AA3
i

402
_
-

_
402
-

21

footnotes at end of tables.

25

1A7
120
27

361
288
73
15

AS S
12 9
3 59
57

106
85

-

2A 7
31
216

A02

179
135

_

68

608

AA3

7A
72

-

381
138
2A3

65 3
7
6A 6

A02

28
2A

_

1A
1A

69

W o r k e r s w e r e at $11 to' $11.40.




5 . 8 0 6. 2 0 6.60 7. 0 0 7 . AO 7. 8 0 8.20 8. 60 9. 0 0 9 . AO 9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0 0
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
_
ANO
OVER
6 . 2 0 6 . 6 0 7. 0 0 7 . AO 7. 80 8. 2 0 8. 60 9. 00 9 . AO 9 . 8 0 1 0 . 2 0 1 0 . 6 0 1 1 . 0 0

9

5.98

337
188
119

*

OF—

11

78

T R U C K O R I V E R S e M E D I U M T R U C K ........
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . ...................
N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G ....................

See

<IN D O L L A R S !

190

21

Table A-15. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, powerplant, material movement,
and custodial workers, by sex, large establishments, Los AngelesLong Beach, Calif., October 1979
Occupation, sex,3 and industry division

Number
of
workers

Average
(mean2 )
hourly
earnings4

M A I N T E N A N C E . T O O L R O O M . ANO
P O U E R P L A N T O C C U P A T I O N S - PEN

9. 9 6
10 . 0 0
9. 78
9. 85

38 4
26 7
117

MAINTENANCE

MECHANICS

SHEET-METAL WORKERS.*..

2*185
1*923
1*121
27 A
84 7
653

9 .64
9. A 3
9. 7 1
9. 6 7

99

9. 3 9
9.39

3*130
617
2.513
6*447
1 *6 32

5. 5 7
6.33
5. 32
7. 9 2

18 7

6. 93
6. 91

8.21
8.21

T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R . ••.
51 8
2.127

8.19
9. A5 J A N I T O R S * P O R T E R S *

AN O C L E A N E R S . . . .

6. 6 5

7.12
:
MANUFACTURING..•••••••••••••••••

receivers

7.76

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN

7.03
6.98
9.1C
6.15
12.00
18.71

MANUFACTURING....•••••••••••••••

68

9. 7 2
9. 7 2

36 4
28 0

9. 95
9.96

JANITORS. PORTERS.
754
1*276

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .

26

8.37

AN O

CLEANERS....

6.86

238

MATERIAL HANDLING LABORERS:
1*054
1.05 A




4. 43
6. 13
9.01

29 2

8. 92
8. 87

30 1
25 4

MAINTENANCE

(MACHINERY).*

6.61
7. 9 6

L I G H T TR U C K :
29 7

TRUCKORIVERS*

*5.31
6. 81
9. 26
7. 7 8

635

TRUCKDRIVERS*

9. 52
9. 3 9

8. 92

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
workers
earnings4

4 «2 4 4
1 *2 52
2*992
11 9

*9.32

8. 69

42 5
36 3

Occupation, sex,3 and industry division

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CU STOOIAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN— CONTINUED

S 8 .95
8.78

1*144
995
199
88

MECHANICS

Number Average
(mean2)
of
hourly
earnings4

workers

MATERIAL MOVEMENT ANO CUSTODIAL
O C C U P A T I O N S - HEN
422
32 1

MAINTENANCE

Occupation, sex,3 and industry division

3. 91

1.760
30 2
1.958

5. 7 6
6. 9 3
5. 62

Footnotes

1 Standard hours r e fle c t the w orkw eek fo r which em p loyees re c e iv e
th e ir re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e sa la ries (exclu sive of pay fo r o v e rtim e at
re g u la r and/or p rem iu m ra te s ), and the earnings correspon d to these
w eek ly hours.
2 The m ean is computed fo r each job by totaling the earnings o f a ll
w o rk e rs and d ividin g by the number of w o rk ers. The m edian designates
p osition — h alf o f the w o rk e rs re c e iv e the same or m o re and h alf re c e iv e
the sam e o r le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle range is defined by two
rates o f pay: a fourth o f the w o rk ers earn the same o r less than the lo w e r
o f th ese rates and a fourth earn the same o r m ore than the h igh er rate.




3 Earnings data rela te only to w ork ers whose sex identification was
provid ed by the establishm ent.
4 Excludes prem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r work on weekends,
holidays, and late shifts.
3 E stim ates fo r p eriods ending p r io r to 1976 relate to men only fo r
sk illed m aintenance and unskilled plant w o rk ers. A ll other estim ates relate
to men and women.
6 Data do not m eet publication c r ite r ia o r data not available.

27




Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In each o f the 72 1 areas cu rren tly surveyed, the Bureau obtains
w ages and re la ted b en efits data from rep resen tative establishm ents within
s ix broad industry d iv is io n s : M anufacturing; transportation, com m unication,
and oth er public u tilitie s ; w h o lesa le trade; reta il trade; finance, insurance,
and re a l estate;' and s e r v ic e s . G overnm ent operations and the construction
and e x tra c tiv e in du stries a re excluded. Establishm ents having fe w e r than a
p re s c r ib e d number o f w o rk e rs are also excluded because o f in su fficient
em ploym en t in the occupations studied. Appendix table 1 shows the number
o f establish m en ts and w o rk e rs estim ated to be within the scope of this survey,
as w e ll as the number actu ally studied.
B ureau fie ld rep re s e n ta tiv e s obtain data by personal v is its at 3 - year
in te rv a ls . In each o f the two intervening years, inform ation on em ploym ent
and occupational earnings on ly is co llected by a combination o f person al vis it,
m a il q u estion n aire, and telephone in terview from establishm ents p articipatin g
in the p revio u s su rvey.
A sam ple o f the establishm ents in the scope of the su rvey is selected
fo r study p r io r to each p erso n a l v is it su rvey. This sam ple, le s s estab­
lish m en ts which go out o f business o r are no lon ger within the industrial
scope o f the su rvey, is retain ed fo r the follow in g two annual su rveys. In
m o s t ca ses, establish m en ts new to the area are not con sid ered in the scope
o f the s u rv e y until the s e le c tio n o f a sam ple fo r a p erson a l v is it su rvey.
The sam pling p ro ced u res in volve detailed s tra tifica tio n o f a ll estab­
lish m en ts w ithin the scope o f an individual area su rvey by industry and
num ber o f e m p lo y e e s . F r o m this stra tifie d u niverse a p rob ab ility sam ple
is sele c te d , w ith each establishm ent having a p redeterm in ed chance o f se­
le c tio n . T o obtain optim um accu racy at m inimum cost, a g re a te r prop ortion
o f la r g e than s m a ll establishm ents is selected . When data are com bined,
each establish m en t is w eigh ted according to its p rob ab ility o f selectio n so
that unbiased e stim a tes a re gen erated. F o r exam ple, if one out o f four
establish m en ts is s e le c te d , it is given a w eigh t o f 4 to re p re s e n t its e lf plus
th ree o th e rs . An a ltern ate o f the same o rig in a l p rob ab ility is chosen in the
sam e in d u s try -s iz e c la s s ific a tio n if data are not available fro m the o rig in a l
sam ple m e m b e r. If no suitable substitute is available, additional w eight is
assign ed to a sam ple m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the m issin g unit.
O ccupations and earn in gs
O ccupations s e le c te d fo r study are common to a v a rie ty o f m anufac­
turing and nonm anufacturing in du stries, and are o f the fo llo w in g types: (1)
O ffic e c le r ic a l; (2 ) p ro fe s s io n a l and technical; (3) m aintenance, too lro o m , *

* Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract.
These areas are
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie—
Kingston-Newburgh, N .Y . In addition, the Bureau conducts more lim ited area
studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the U. S.

Department of Labor.



and powerplant; and (4) m a te ria l m ovem ent and custodial. Occupational
c la ssifica tio n is based on a uniform set o f job descriptions designed to take
account o f in terestablish m en t variation in duties within the same job.
Occupations selected fo r study are lis te d and d escrib ed in appendix B.
U nless oth erw ise indicated, the earnings data follow ing the job
title s are fo r all industries com bined. Earnings data fo r some of the
occupations lis te d and d escrib ed , or fo r some industry divisions within the
scope o f the survey, are not presented in the A - s e r ie s tables because
eith er (1) em ploym ent in the occupation is too sm all to provide enough data
to m e r it presentation, or (2) there is p o s s ib ility o f d isclosu re of individual
establishm ent data. Separate m en 's and w om en's earnings data are not
presented when the number o f w o rk ers not identified by sex is 20 percent
o r m o re o f the m en or wom en iden tified in an occupation. Earnings data
not shown sep a ra tely fo r industry d ivision s are included in data fo r all
industries com bined. L ik e w is e , fo r occupations with m o re than one lev e l,
data are included in the o v e r a ll cla s s ific a tio n when a subclassification is
not shown o r inform ation to su bclassify is not available.
Occupational em ploym ent and earnings data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o rk e rs , i.e ., those hired to w ork a reg u la r w eek ly schedule. Earnings
data exclude prem ium pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on weekends, holidays,
and late sh ifts. Nonproduction bonuses are excluded, but co s t-o f-liv in g
allow ances and incentive bonuses are included. W eek ly hours fo r office
c le r ic a l and p ro fessio n a l and technical occupations r e fe r to the standard
w orkw eek (rounded to the n earest h alf hour) fo r which em ployees re c e iv e
re g u la r s tra ig h t-tim e s a la rie s (ex c lu s iv e o f pay fo r o vertim e at regular
and/or prem ium ra te s ). A v e ra g e w eek ly earnings fo r these occupations are
rounded to the n eareat h alf d o lla r. V e r tic a l lin es within the distribution of
w o rk ers on som e A -ta b le s indicate a change in the s ize o f the class in tervals.
Th ese su rveys m easu re the le v e l o f occupational earnings in an area
at a p a rticu la r tim e. C om parisons o f individual occupational averages over
tim e m ay not r e fle c t expected w age changes. The averages fo r individual jobs
are affected by changes in w ages and em ploym ent patterns. F o r example,
proportion s o f w o rk e rs em ployed by high- or low -w age firm s m ay change, o r
high -w age w o rk e rs m ay advance to better jobs and be replaced by new
w o rk e rs at lo w e r ra tes. Such shifts in em ploym ent could d ecrease an occu­
pational a vera ge even though m ost establishm ents in an area in crease wages
during the y e a r. Changes in earnings o f occupational groups, shown in table
A -7 , are b etter indicators of w age trends than are earnings changes fo r
individual jobs within the groups.
A v e ra g e earnings r e fle c t com posite, areaw ide estim ates. Industries
and establishm ents d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffing, and thus contribute
d iffe re n tly to the estim ates fo r each jo b . P a y averages m ay fa il to r e fle c t
accu rately the w age d iffe re n tia l among jobs in individual establishm ents.

A v e ra g e pay le v e ls fo r men and w om en in s elected occupations should
not be assum ed to r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay of the sexes within individual
establishm ents.
F a c to rs which m ay contribute to d iffe re n c e s include p r o ­
g ressio n w ithin establish ed rate ranges (on ly the rates paid incumbents are
co lle c te d ) and p erfo rm a n ce of s p e c ific duties within the gen era l su rvey job
d escription s.
Job descrip tion s used to c la s s ify em ployees in these surveys
usually a re m o re g e n e ra lize d than those used in individual establishm ents
and allow fo r m in or d iffe re n c e s among establishm ents in s p e c ific duties
p erform ed .
Occupational em ploym ent estim ates rep resen t the total in a ll esta b ­
lishm ents within the scope of the study and not the number actu ally surveyed.
Because occupational stru ctu res among establishm ents d iffe r , estim ates of
occupational em ploym ent obtained fr o m the sam ple of establishm ents studied
s e rv e only to indicate the r e la tiv e im portance o f the jobs studied.
Th ese
d ifferen ces in occupational stru ctu re do not a ffe c t m a te ria lly the a ccu racy of
the earnings data.

P e rc e n t changes fo r individual a reas in the p ro g ra m a re computed
as fo llo w s :
1. A v e ra g e earnings are computed fo r each occupation fo r
the 2 years being com pared.
The a v e ra g e s are d erived
fro m earnings in those establishm ents which a re in
the su rvey both yea rs; it is assum ed that em ploym ent
rem ains unchanged.
2.

Each occupation is assigned a w eight based on its p r o ­
portionate em ploym ent in the occupational group in the
base year.

3.

Th ese weights a re used to compute group a vera g es.
Each occupation's a vera ge earnings (com puted in step 1)
is m u ltiplied by its weight.
The products a re totaled to
Obtain a group average.

4.

The ratio of group a vera ges fo r 2 con secu tive yea rs is
computed by dividing the a v e ra g e fo r the cu rren t y e a r by
the a vera ge fo r the e a r lie r yea r.
The resu lt— exp ressed
as a percent— less 100 is the p ercen t change.

W age trends fo r selected occupational groups
The p ercen t in c re a s e s p resen ted in table A -7 a re based on changes
in a vera ge hou rly earnings of m en and w om en in establishm ents rep ortin g the
trend jobs in both the cu rren t and previou s y e a r (m atched establishm ents).
The data a re adjusted to re m o v e the effe c ts on a v e ra g e earnings o f em p lo y ­
ment shifts among establishm ents and tu rn over of establishm ents included
in su rvey sam ples.
The percen t in c re a s e s , h o w ever, a re s till affected by
factors other than wage in c re a s e s .
H irin g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn over m ay a ffe c t
an establishm ent a v e ra g e fo r an occupation when w o rk ers a re paid under plans
providing a range o f w age rates fo r individual jobs.
In p eriods of in crea sed
h irin g, fo r exam ple, new em p loyees m ay enter at the bottom o f the range,
depressing the a v e ra g e without a change in w age rates.
The percen t changes re la te to w age changes between the indicated
dates. When the tim e span betw een su rveys is other than 12 months, annual
rates a re also shown.
(It is assum ed that w ages in crea se at a constant rate
between s u rv e y s .)
Occupations used to compute w age trends a re:
O ffic e c le r ic a l

E le c tro n ic data p ro c e s s in g —
Continued

S e c re ta rie s
S ten ograph ers, sen ior
S ten ograph ers, g e n e ra l
T y p is ts , cla s s e s A and B
F ile c le r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B , and C
M essen gers
Sw itchboard o p era to rs
O rd er c le rk s , cla s s e s
A and B
Accounting c le r k s ,
cla s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c lerk s
K ey en try o p e ra to rs ,
cla s s e s A and B

Com puter op era to rs,
cla sses A , B, and C

E le c tro n ic data p ro cessin g
C om puter system s analysts,
cla s s e s A , B, and C
Com puter p ro g ra m m e rs ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C




Indu strial nurses
R e g is te re d indu strial
nurses
S k illed m aintenance
C arpen ters
E le c tric ia n s
P a in ters
M achinists
M echanics (m a ch in ery)
M echanics (m o to r v e h ic le )
P ip e fitte rs
T o o l and die m akers
U n skilled plant
Janitors, p o rte rs , and
clea n ers
M a te ria l handling la b o re rs

F o r a m ore detailed d escrip tion of the m ethod used to compute these
w age tren d s, see "Im p ro vin g A re a W age S u rvey In d e x e s ," M onthly Lab or
R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 52-57.
A v e r a g e pay relationships within establishm ents
R e la tiv e m easures of occupational pay a re p resen ted in table A -8
fo r w h ite -c o lla r occupations and in table A - 9 fo r b lu e -c o lla r occupations.
T h ese re la tiv e values r e fle c t d iffe re n c e s in pay betw een occupations within
individual establishm ents. R ela tive pay values a re computed by dividing an
establishm ent's avera ge earnings fo r an occupation being com pared by the
a vera g e fo r another occupation (designated as 100) and m u ltiplying the quotient
by 100. F o r exam ple, i f janitors in a f ir m a v e ra g e $4 an hour and fo r k lift
operators $5, fo r k lift op erators have a r e la tiv e pay value of 125 com pared
with ja n itors. ($ 5 -4 $4 = 1.25, x 100 = 125.) In com bining the re la tiv e s of
the individual establishm ents to a r r iv e at an o v e ra ll a v e ra g e , each esta b lish ­
m ent is con sidered to have as many r e la tiv e s as it has w eighted w o rk ers
in the two jobs being com pared.
P a y relationships based on o v e r a ll a v e ra g e s m ay d iffe r con sid erab ly
because of the va ryin g contribution o f high- and lo w -w a g e establishm ents to
the a vera g es. F o r exam ple, the o v e r a ll a v e ra g e hou rly earnings fo r fo r k lift
op era tors m ay be 50 percent m ore than the a v e ra g e fo r ja n itors because the
a v e ra g e fo r fo rk lift op erators m ay be stron gly influenced by earnings in
high-w age establishm ents w hile the a v e ra g e fo r ja n itors m ay be stron gly
influenced by earnings in low -w age establishm ents.
In such a ca se, the
in tra-estab lish m en t relationship w ill indicate a much s m a lle r d iffe re n c e
in earnings.
Establishm ent p ra ctices and supplem entary w age p rovision s
Tabulations on selected establish m en t p ra c tic e s and supplem entary
w age provision s (B - s e r ie s tab les) a re not p resen ted in this bulletin. In fo rm a ­
tion fo r these tabulations is c o llected at 3 -y e a r in te rv a ls .
T h ese tabulations
on m inim um entrance sa la ries fo r in ex p erien ced o ffic e w o rk e rs ; shift d if f e r ­
en tials; scheduled w eek ly hours and days; paid h olidays; paid vacation s; and
health, insurance, and pension plans a r e presen ted (in the B - s e r ie s ta b les)
in previou s bulletins fo r this area.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied,
Los Angeles—Long Beach, Calif.,1 October 1979
Industry division 2

Minimum
employment
in establishm e n t s in scope
of study

N u m b e r of establishments

W o r k e r s in establishments
Within scope of study 4

Within scope
of study 3

Studied

Studied
Number

Percent

ALL E S T A B L I S H M E N T S
ALL

INOUSTRY

D I V I S I O N S ------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 --------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E 6 ------------------------------------F I N A N C E . I N S U R A N C E . AND RE A L E S T A T E 6 -------S E R V I C E S 6 7 ------------------------------------------

_

4, 1 9 7

323

1,523.802

100

511,027

IDO

1. 43 0
2, 7 6 7

11 5
208

600,504
923.298

39
61

209.662
301.365

100
50
100
50
50

152
752
47 3
481
816

34
36
34
33
65

127.813
1 0 5. 73 1
316.957
141.684
200*639

8
7
21
9
13

91,161
13.263
95.334
66,038
31.025

LARGE ESTABLISHMENTS
ALL I N D U S T R Y

D I V I S I O N S ------------------------

M A N U F A C T U R I N G ---------------------------------------N O N M A N U F A C T U R I N G -----------------------------------T R A N S P O R T A T I O N . C O M M U N I C A T I O N . AND
O T H E R P U B L I C U T I L I T I E S 5 ----------------------W H O L E S A L E T R A D E 6 --------------------------------R E T A I L T R A D E 6 ------------------------------------F I N A N C E , I N S U R A N C E . AND R E A L E S T A T E 6 -------S E R V I C E S 6 7------------------------------------------

-

503

121

890,965

100

458.523

500
-

24 4
25 9

53
68

354.734
5 3 6. 23 1

40
60

195,066
263.457

50 0
500
500
5 00
500

22
22
74
44
76

15
6
16
13
14

95.005
20 . 0 9 0
227,605
8 8 ,8 18
83 . 5 4 3

11
2
26
10
9

81.438
8, 6 7 0
84.489
63.073
21.527

1 T h e L o s An ge le s— L o n g B e a c h Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, as
defined b y the Office of M a n a g e m e n t an d Budget through F e b r u a r y 1974, consists
of L o s A n ge le s County.
T h e "w or k e r s within scope of study" estimates provide a
reasonably accurate description of the size and composition of the labor force
included in the survey.
Estimates are not intended, ho wever, for c o m p a r i s o n with
other statistical series to m e a s u r e e m p l o y m e n t trends or levels since (1) planning
of w a g e surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of
the payroll period studied, an d (2) small establishments are excluded f r o m the
scope of the survey.
2 T h e 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification M a n u a l w a s us e d
in classifying establishments b y industry division. All g o v e r n m e n t operations are
excluded f r o m the scope of the survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t at or above the m i n i m u m
limitation. All outlets (within the area) of comp an ie s in industries such as trade,




finance, auto repair service, an d mo t i o n picture theaters are considered as one
establishment.
4 Includes all w o r k e r s in all establishments with total e m p l o y m e n t (within
the area) at or above the m i n i m u m limitation.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A-series tables. Taxicabs and
services incidental to water transportation are excluded. Electric utilities and
m o s t of the local transit for the city of L o s Angeles are municipally operated and
are excluded b y definition f r o m the scope of the study.
6 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A- series tables, but
the division is represented in the "all industries" and "nonmanufacturing" estimates.
7 Hotels and motels; laundries and other personal services; business services;
automobile repair, rental, and parking; mo ti on pictures; nonprofit m e m b e r s h i p
organizations (excluding religious and charitable organizations); an d engineering and
architectural services.

31

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The p rim a ry purpose o f p reparin g job descriptions fo r the Bu­
reau 's wage su rveys is to assist its fie ld rep resen ta tives in cla ssifyin g
into appropriate occupations w ork ers who are em ployed under a v a rie ty
o f p a y ro ll title s and d ifferen t w ork arrangem ents fro m establishm ent to
establishm ent and fro m area to area. This perm its grouping occupational
wage rates rep resen tin g com parable job content. B ecause of- this e m ­
phasis on in terestablishm ent and in te ra re a com parab ility o f occupational
content, the Bureau's job descriptions m ay d iffe r sign ifican tly fro m those
in use in individual establishm ents or those p rep ared fo r other purposes.
In applying these job d escrip tion s, the Bureau's fie ld rep resen ta tives
are instructed to exclude w orking su p erviso rs; apprentices; and p a rttim e, te m p o ra ry , and probationary w o rk e rs . Handicapped w o rk ers whose
earnings are reduced because o f th e ir handicap are also excluded.
L e a rn e rs , b egin n ers, and tra in e e s , unless s p e c ific a lly included in the
job d escription s, are excluded.

Office
SECRETARY

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

A ssign ed as a p erson al s e c re ta ry , n orm a lly to one individual. M ain­
tains a close and highly resp on sive relation sh ip to the d ay-to-d ay a ctivities o f
the su p ervisor. W orks fa ir ly independently re c e iv in g a m inim um o f detailed
su pervision and guidance. P e r fo r m s v a rie d c le r ic a l and s e c r e ta r ia l duties
requ irin g a knowledge o f o ffic e routine and understanding o f the organ ization ,
p ro gra m s, and procedu res re la te d to the w ork o f the su p erviso r.

Exclusions-— Continued
e. Position s which do not fit any o f the situations lis te d in the
sections below title d " L e v e l o f S u p e r v is o r ," e.g., s e c re ta ry to the
president o f a company that em p loys, in a ll, o v e r 5,000 person s;
f.

E xclu sions. Not all positions that are title d "s e c r e t a r y " p ossess the
above ch a ra c te ris tic s . Exam ples o f positions which a re excluded fro m the
definition are as follow s:

C lassification by L e v e l
S ecreta ry jobs which m eet the re q u ire d c h a ra c te ris tic s are m atched
at one o f fiv e le v e ls according to (a) the le v e l o f the s e c r e ta r y 's su p erviso r
within the company's organ ization al stru ctu re and, (b) the le v e l o f the
s e c re ta ry 's resp on sib ility. The tabulation fo llo w in g the explanations o f these
two fa ctors indicates the le v e l o f the s e c r e ta r y fo r each com bination o f
the fa ctors.

a. P o sition s which do not m eet the "p e rs o n a l" s e c re ta ry concept
d escrib ed above;
b. Stenographers not fu lly train ed in s e c re ta ria l-ty p e duties;
c. Stenographers servin g as o ffic e assistants to a group o f p ro ­
fes s io n a l, tech n ical, or m a n a geria l persons;

L e v e l o f S ec re ta ry 's Supervisor (L S )

d. A ssista n t-typ e positions which entail m o re difficu lt or m ore
resp on sib le tech n ical, ad m in istrative, o r su p e rv is o ry duties
which are not ty p ic a l o f s e c re ta r ia l w ork, e .g ., A d m in istra tive
A ssistan t, o r E xecu tive Assistant:




T ra in ees.

LS—1

32

a. S ecreta ry to the su p erviso r or head o f a sm a ll organ ization al
unit (e .g ., few er than about 25 or 30 p erson s); or

SE CR E T AR Y — G ontinued

SECRETARY— Continued

C la s s ific a tio n by Level-— Continued

Classification by L evel— Continued

b. S e c re ta ry to a n onsu pervisory staff sp ecialist, p ro fessio n a l
em p loyee, ad m in istrative o ffic e r or assistant, skilled technician
o r ex p ert. (N O T E : M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rath er than s e c r e ta r ie s as d escrib ed above, to this le v e l of
s u p e rv is o ry o r n onsu pervisory w o rk er.)
LS -2

a. S e c re ta ry to an execu tive or m an agerial person whose respon ­
s ib ility is not equivalent to one of the sp ecific le v e l situations in
the defin ition fo r LS—
3, but whose organ ization al unit n orm ally
num bers at le a s t s e v e ra l dozen em ployees and is usually divided
into o rga n iza tio n a l segments which are often, in turn, fu rth er
subdivided. In som e com panies, this le v e l includes a wide range
o f o rga n iza tio n a l echelons; in others, only one or two; or
b. S e c re ta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry, etc., (o r
other equivalent le v e l of o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in all, fe w e r
than 5,000 p erson s.

LS -3

positions. V ic e p residen ts whose p rim a ry resp o n sib ility is to act p erson ally
on individual cases or transactions (e .g ., approve or deny individual loan
o r c re d it actions; adm inister individual trust accounts; d ire c tly su pervise a
c le r ic a l staff) a re not considered to be "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r s " fo r purposes
o f applying the definition.

L e v e l of S e c re ta ry 's R esp on sib ility (L R )
This fa c to r evaluates the nature o f the w ork relationship between
the s e c re ta ry and the su p ervisor, and the extent to which the se c re ta ry
is expected to e x e rc is e in itiative and judgment. S ecreta ries should be
m atched at LR —1 or LR—2 d escrib ed below according to th eir le v e l of
resp on sib ility.
LR—1. P e r fo r m s va rie d s e c re ta ria l duties including or com parable
to m ost o f the follow in g:

a.

S e c re ta ry to the chairm an of the board or p residen t of a company
that em p loys, in a ll, fe w e r than 100 persons; or

b.

S e c re ta ry to a corp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than chairm an o f the
board o r p resid en t) o f a company that em ploys, in all, o v e r 100
but fe w e r than 5, 000 persons; or

a. A n sw ers telephones,
com ing m ail.

c.

S e c re ta ry to the head (im m ed ia tely below the o ffic e r le v e l) o v e r
e ith e r a m a jo r corp oratew id e functional activity (e .g ., m arketing,
re s e a rc h , op eration s, industrial relations, etc.) or a m a jo r
geograp h ic o r organ ization al segm ent (e .g ., a region al headquar­
te r s ; a m a jo r d ivisio n ) of a company that em ploys, in all, o v e r
5, 000 but fe w e r than 25,000 em ployees; or

b. A n sw ers telephone requests which have standard answers.
re p ly to requests by sending a fo r m letter.

d.

L S -4

person al c a lle rs ,

and opens

in ­

M ay

c.

Maintains s u p e r v is o r 's
instructed.

e.

S e c re ta ry to the head of a la rg e and im portant organ ization al
segm en t (e .g ., a m id d le m anagem ent su p ervisor o f an org a n i­
zation al segm ent often involving as many as s e v e ra l hundred
p erson s) o f a com pany that em ploys, in all, o v e r 25,000 p erson s.

R eview s correspondence, mem oranda, and reports prepared by
others fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's signature to ensure procedural and
typograph ical accuracy.

d.

S e c re ta ry to the head of an individual plant, fa cto ry , etc., (o r
other equ ivalen t le v e l of o ffic ia l) that em ploys, in all, o v e r
5, 000 p erson s; o r

e.

g reets

Types, takes and tra n scrib es dictation, and file s .

calendar

and

makes

appointments as

LR —2. P e r fo r m s duties d escribed under LR —1 and, in addition
p e rfo rm s tasks requ irin g g re a te r judgm ent, in itia tive, and knowl­
edge o f o ffic e functions including or com parable to m ost o f the
follow in g:

a. S e c re ta ry to the chairm an o f the board of presiden t o f a company
that em p loys, in all, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5,000 persons; or
b.

S e c re ta ry to a c o rp o ra te o ffic e r (oth er than the chairm an o f the
board o r p resid en t) o f a company that em ploys, in all, o v e r 5,000
but fe w e r than 25,000 persons; or

a. Screens
can be
o ffic e s .

c.

S e c re ta ry to the head, im m ed iately below the corp orate o ffic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r segm ent or subsidiary o f a company that
em p loys, in all, o v e r 25,000 persons.

b. A n sw ers requests which req u ire a detailed knowledge of o f ­
fic e procedu res or collectio n o f inform ation fro m file s or
other o ffic e s .
M ay sign routine correspondence in own or
s u p e r v is o r 's name.

N O T E : The te rm "c o rp o ra te o ffic e r " used in the above LS definition
r e fe r s to those o ffic ia ls who have a sign ifican t corp oratew id e policym aking
r o le with reg a rd to m a jo r com pany a c tiv itie s . The title " v ic e presiden t, "
though n o rm a lly in d ica tive o f this ro le, does not in sill cases identify such




c.

33

telephone and person al c a lle rs , determ ining which
handled by the s u p e r v is o r 's subordinates or other

C om p iles or a ssists in com piling p eriod ic reports on the basis
o f g e n e ra l instructions.

SECRETARY— Continued

STENOGRAPHER— Continued

d.

Schedules ten tative appointments without p r io r clea ra n ce. A s ­
sem bles n e c e s s a ry background m a te ria l fo r scheduled m eetings.
Makes arran gem en ts fo r m eetings and con feren ces.

Stenographer, G en eral. D ictation in volves a n orm a l routine vocabu lary. M ay
m aintain file s , keep sim ple reco rd s, or p e r fo r m other r e la tiv e ly routine
c le r ic a l tasks.

e.

Explains s u p e rv is o r's requ irem en ts to other em p loyees in su p er­
v is o r ' s unit. (A ls o types, takes dictation, and file s .)

TR A N S C R IB IN G -M A C H IN E T Y P IS T

The fo llo w in g tabulation shows the le v e l o f the s e c r e ta r y fo r each
LS and L R com bination.
L e v e l of s e c r e ta r y ' s
______su p erviso r______

P r im a r y duty is to type copy o f v o ic e rec o rd e d dictation which does
not in volve va ried technical or s p e c ia lize d vocab u lary such as that used in
le g a l b r ie fs or reports on scien tific resea rch . M ay also type fr o m w ritten
copy. M ay maintain file s , keep sim p le re c o rd s , o r p e r fo r m other r e la tiv e ly
routirie c le r ic a l tasks. (See Stenographer defin ition fo r w o rk e rs in volved
w ith shorthand dictation.)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's resp o n sib ility
T Y P IS T
LR —1

LS—
2

C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

II__ II_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

E
D
C
B

LR —2
C lass
C lass
C lass
C lass

D
C
B
A

S TE N O G R A P H E R
P r im a r y duty is to take dictation using shorthand, and to tra n ­
sc rib e the dictation. M ay also type fro m w ritten copy. M ay op erate fro m a
stenographic pool. M ay occa sio n a lly tra n s c rib e fr o m vo ice rec o rd in g s (if
p rim a ry duty is tra n scrib in g fr o m re c o rd in g s , see T ra n scrib in g-M a ch in e
T y p ist).
N O T E ; T h is job is distinguished fr o m that o f a s e c r e ta r y in that a
s e c re ta ry n o rm a lly w ork s in a con fid en tial relation sh ip with only one m an ­
a g e r or execu tive and p e rfo rm s m o re resp on sib le and d is c re tio n a ry tasks
as d escrib ed in the s e c r e ta r y job definition.

Uses a typ ew riter to make cop ies o f va rio u s m a te ria ls o r to make
out b ills a fte r calculations have been m ade by another person. M ay include
typing of stencils, m ats, or s im ila r m a te ria ls fo r use in duplicating
p ro c e s s e s .
May do c le r ic a l w ork in volvin g little sp e c ia l training, such
as keeping sim ple reco rd s, filin g re c o rd s and rep o rts, o r sortin g and
distributing incoming m ail.
C lass A . P e rfo rm s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g ; T ypin g m a te ria l
in fin a l fo rm when it involves com bining m a te ria l fr o m s e v e r a l sou rces;
or resp o n sib ility fo r c o r r e c t spellin g, syllab ication , punctuation, etc., of
tech n ical o r unusual words or fo r e ig n language m a te ria l; o r planning la y ­
out and typing of com plicated s ta tis tic a l tables to m aintain u n iform ity and
balance in spacing. M ay type routine fo r m le tte r s , v a ryin g d eta ils to suit
circu m stances.
C lass B. P e r fo r m s one o r m o re o f the fo llo w in g ; Copy typing fro m
rough o r c le a r d ra fts; or routine typing o f fo rm s , insurance p o lic ie s , etc.;
o r setting up sim ple standard tabulations; o r copying m o re com p lex tables
a lrea d y set up and spaced p rop erly.
F IL E C L E R K

Stenographer, S en ior. D ictation in volves a v a rie d tech n ical o r sp e c ia lize d
vocabu lary such as in le g a l b rie fs o r rep o rts on s c ie n tific resea rch . M ay
also set up and m aintain file s , keep re c o rd s , etc.
OR
P e r fo r m s stenographic duties req u irin g sign ifica n tly g r e a te r in d e­
pendence and re s p o n s ib ility than stenographer, g en era l, as evidenced by the
fo llo w in g;
W ork req u ires a high d e g re e o f stenographic speed and a ccu racy;
a through w orking know ledge o f g e n e ra l business and o ffic e p roced u re; and
o f the s p e c ific business operations, organ ization , p o lic ie s , p roced u res, file s ,
w orkflow , etc.
Uses this know ledge in p e rfo rm in g stenographic duties and
resp on sib le c le r ic a l tasks such as m aintaining follow up file s ; assem bling
m a te ria l fo r rep o rts, m em oranda, and le tte rs ; com posing sim p le le tte rs
fr o m g e n e ra l in stru ction s; reading and routing incom ing m a il; and answ ering
routine questions, etc.




F ile s , c la s s ifie s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te ria l in an established filin g
system . M ay p e rfo rm c le r ic a l and manual tasks req u ired to m aintain file s .
P o sitio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llo w in g definitions.
C lass A . C la s s ifie s and indexes file m a te ria l such as c o rre s p o n d ­
ence, rep orts, technical documents, etc., in an established filin g system
containing a number o f va rie d
subject m a tter file s .
M ay also f ile this
m a teria l. M ay keep reco rd s of va rio u s types in conjunction with the file s .
M ay lead a sm all group of low er le v e l f ile c le rk s .

Class B. Sorts, codes, and file s u n cla ssified m a te ria l by sim ple
(su b ject m atter) headings o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te ria l by fin e r subheadings.
P r e p a r e s sim ple rela ted index and c r o s s - r e fe r e n c e aids. A s requested,
locates c le a r ly iden tified m a te ria l in file s and fo rw a rd s m a te ria l. M ay
p e r fo r m related c le r ic a l tasks re q u ire d to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

F IL E CLERK— Continued

ORDER CLERK— Continued

C lass C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g of m a teria l that has already been
c la s s ifie d o r which is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a sim ple s e r ia l c la ssifica tio n
system (e .g ., alphabetical, ch ron ological, or n u m erical). A s requested,
lo ca tes re a d ily a va ila b le m a te ria l in file s and forw ards m a te ria l; and m ay
f i l l out w ith draw al ch a rge. M ay p erfo rm sim ple c le r ic a l and manual tasks
req u ired to m aintain and s e r v ic e file s .

P osition s
definitions:

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

according

to

the

follow ing

MESSENGER

C lass A . Handles ord ers that involve making judgments such as
choosing which sp e c ific product o r m a te ria l from the establishm ent's product
lin es w ill satisfy the cu sto m er's needs, o r determ ining the p rice to be quoted
when p ricin g in volves m o re than m e r e ly re fe r r in g to a p ric e lis t or making
som e sim ple m athem atical calculations.

P e r fo r m s variou s routine duties such as running erran ds, operating
m in o r o ffic e m achines such as se a le rs o r m a ile r s , opening and distributing
m a il, and other m in o r c le r ic a l w ork. Exclude positions that req u ire
op eration o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sign ifican t duty.

Class B . Handles o rd e rs involving item s which have readily iden­
tifie d uses and applications. M ay r e fe r to a catalog, m anufacturer's manual,
o r s im ila r document to insure that p rop er item is supplied or to v e rify
p ric e o f o rd ered item .

SW ITC H B O AR D O P E R A T O R

AC C O U N TIN G C L E R K
P e r fo r m s one or m o re accounting c le r ic a l tasks such as posting to
re g is te r s and le d g e rs ; reco n cilin g bank accounts; v e rify in g the internal con­
sistency, com pleten ess, and m athem atical accuracy of accounting documents;
assigning p rescrib ed accounting distribution codes; examining and verifyin g
fo r c le r ic a l accuracy various types o f rep orts, lis ts , calculations, posting,
etc.; or p reparin g sim ple or assisting in preparing m o re com plicated journal
vouchers. M ay w ork in either a manual or automated accounting system .

O p erates a telephone switchboard o r console used with a p riva te
branch exchange (P B X ) system to re la y incoming, outgoing, and in trasystem
c a lls . M a y p ro v id e in form ation to c a lle rs , reco rd and tra n sm it m essa ges,
keep r e c o rd o f ca lls placed and to ll ch arges. B esides operating a telephone
sw itchboard o r con sole, m ay also type o r p erfo rm routine c le r ic a l w ork
(typing or routine c le r ic a l w ork m ay occupy the m a jo r portion o f the w o rk e r's
tim e, and is u su ally p e rfo rm e d w h ile at the switchboard o r co n sole). C h ief
o r lead o p e ra to rs in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one o p era to r are
excluded. F o r an o p e ra to r who also acts as a reception ist, see Switchboard
O p e ra to r-R e c e p tio n is t.

The w ork req u ires a knowledge of c le r ic a l methods and o ffic e prac­
tices and procedu res which rela tes to the c le r ic a l processin g and recordin g
o f transactions and accounting inform ation. With experien ce, the w ork er
ty p ic a lly becom es fa m ilia r with the bookkeeping and accounting term s and
p rocedu res used in the assigned w ork, but is not requ ired to have a knowledge
o f the fo rm a l p rin cip les o f bookkeeping and accounting.

S W ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T

P osition s are c la s s ifie d
definitions:

A t a s in g le -p o s itio n telephone switchboard o r console, acts both as
an o p e ra to r— see Switchboard O perator— and as a recep tio n ist. R ecep ­
tio n is t's w o rk in vo lves such duties as greetin g v is ito rs ; d eterm in in g nature
o f v is it o r 's business and p rovid in g appropriate inform ation; r e fe r r in g v is ito r
to ap p rop riate p erson in the organ ization or contacting that person by te le ­
phone and arran gin g an appointment; keeping a lo g of v is ito r s .

C lass A . Under g en era l supervision, p erfo rm s accounting c le ric a l
operations which re q u ire the application of exp erien ce and judgment, fo r
exam ple, c le r ic a lly p ro cessin g com plicated or nonrepetitive accounting
transactions, selectin g among a substantial v a rie ty o f p rescrib ed accounting
codes and cla s s ific a tio n s , o r tracin g transactions through previous ac­
counting actions to determ in e source o f discrep an cies. M ay be assisted by
one o r m o re class B accounting c le rk s .

ORDER C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w ritte n o r v e rb a l cu stom ers' purchase o rd e rs fo r m a te ria l
o r m erch a n d ise fro m cu stom ers o r sales people. W ork ty p ic a lly in volves
som e com bination o f the fo llo w in g duties: Quoting p ric e s ; determ ining
a v a ila b ility o f o rd e re d item s and suggesting substitutes when n ecessary;
advisin g expected d e liv e r y date and method of d e liv e ry ; reco rd in g o rd e r and
cu stom er in form ation on o r d e r sheets; checking ord er sheets fo r accuracy
and adequacy o f in form a tion reco rd ed ; ascertaining cred it rating of custom er;
fu rnishing cu stom er with acknow ledgem ent of re c e ip t of o rd e r; fo llo w in g up
to see that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the sp ecified date o r to le t cu stom er know
o f a d ela y in d e liv e r y ; m aintaining ord er file ; checking shipping in voice
against o rig in a l o r d e r .

C lass B . Under clo se supervision, follow in g detailed instructions
and standardized proced u res, p e rfo rm s one o r m o re routine accounting c le r ­
ic a l operations, such as posting to le d g e rs , cards, or w orksheets where
iden tification o f item s and locations of postings are c le a rly indicated;
checking accuracy and com pleteness o f standardized and rep etitive records
o r accounting docum ents; and coding documents using a few p rescrib ed
accounting codes.
B O O K K E E P IN G -M A C H IN E O P E R A T O R
O perates a bookkeeping m achine (with or without a typ ew riter key­
board) to keep a r e c o rd of business transactions.

Exclude w o rk e rs paid on a com m ission basis o r whose duties in­
clude any of the fo llo w in g : R e c e iv in g ord ers fo r s e rv ic e s rath er than fo r
m a te r ia l o r m erch a n d ise; p rovid in g custom ers with consultative advice using
kn ow ledge gained fro m en gin eerin g o r extensive technical training; empha­
sizin g sellin g s k ills ; handling m a te r ia l o r m erchandise as an in tegra l p art
o f the jo b .




into le v e ls on the basis of the following-

C lass A . K eep s a set o f record s requ irin g a knowledge of and
exp erien ce in basic bookkeeping p rin cip les, and fa m ilia r ity with the structure
of the p a rticu la r accounting system used. D eterm in es proper record s and
distribution o f debit and c re d it item s to be used in each phase of the work.
M ay p rep a re consolidated rep o rts, balance sheets, and other records by hand.

35

BOOKKEEPING -MACHINE O PERATOR— Continued

KEY E N TR Y OPERATOR— Continued

C lass B . Keeps a re c o rd of one or m o re phases or sections o f a
set of re c o rd s usually requ irin g little knowledge of basic bookkeeping.
Phases or sections include accounts payable, p a y ro ll, cu sto m ers' accounts
(not including a sim ple type of b illin g d escrib ed under m achine b ille r ), cost
distribution, expense distribution, in ven tory con trol, etc.
M ay check or
a ssist in p rep aration of t r ia l balances and p rep a re con trol sheets fo r the
accounting departm ent.

N O T E : Excluded are op erators above cla ss A using the key entry
con trols to access, read, and evaluate the substance of sp e c ific re c o rd s to
take substantive actions, or to make en tries requ irin g a s im ila r le v e l of
knowledge.

M AC H IN E B IL L E R
P re p a re s statem ents, b ills , and in voices on a machine other than
an ordin ary or e lectro m a tic ty p e w rite r. M ay also keep re c o rd s as to b illin gs
or shipping charges or p e rfo rm other c le r ic a l w ork incidental to b illin g
operations.
F o r wage study purposes, m achine b ille r s a re c la s s ifie d by
type o f m achine, as fo llo w s:
B illin g-m a ch in e b ille r . Uses a sp ecia l b illin g machine (com bination
typing and adding m achine) to p rep a re b ills and in voices fro m cu sto m ers'
purchase o rd e rs , in tern a lly p rep ared o rd e rs , shipping m em oranda, etc.
U sually in volves application of p red eterm in ed discounts and shipping charges
and entry o f n ecessa ry extensions, which m ay o r m ay not be computed on
the b illin g m achine, and totals which a re au tom atically accum ulated by
machine.
The operation usually in volves a la rg e number of, carbon copies
of the b ill being p rep ared and is often done on a fanfold m achine.
B ookkeeping-m achine b ille r . U ses a bookkeeping machine (with or
without a ty p e w rite r keyboard) to p rep a re cu sto m ers' b ills as part of the
accounts re c e iv a b le operation.
G en era lly in volves the simultaneous entry
of f i g u r e s on cu stom ers' le d g e r reco rd .
The m achine au tom atically
accum ulates fig u re s on a number of v e r tic a l columns and computes and
usually prints au tom atically the debit or c re d it balances. Does not in volve a
knowledge o f bookkeeping. W orks fro m u n iform and standard types of sales
and c re d it slips.
PA Y R O LL CLERK
P e r fo r m s the c le r ic a l tasks n e c e s s a ry to p ro cess p a yro lls and to
m aintain p a y ro ll re c o rd s . W ork in volves m ost of the fo llo w in g ; P ro c e s s in g
w o rk e rs ' tim e or production re c o rd s ; adjusting w o rk e r s ' reco rd s fo r changes
in wage ra te s , supplem entary b en efits, or tax deductions; editing p a y ro ll
listin gs against source re c o rd s ; tracin g and c o rre c tin g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and assistin g in prep aration of p erio d ic sum m ary p a y ro ll rep o rts. In a nonautomated p a y ro ll system , computes w ages. W ork m ay req u ire a p ra c tic a l
knowledge of govern m en tal regu lation s, company p a y ro ll p o licy , or the
com puter system fo r p rocessin g p a yro lls.

Class B. W ork is routine and re p e titiv e . Under c lo se su p ervision
or follow in g sp ecific procedures o r d etailed instru ctions, w orks fro m
variou s standardized source documents which have been coded and req u ire
little or no selecting, coding, or in terp retin g of data to be entered. R e fe rs
to su p ervisor problem s a risin g fr o m erroneous ite m s , codes, or m issin g
inform ation.

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS
Analyzes business p roblem s to form u late procedu res fo r solving
them by use of electron ic data p ro cessin g equipment. D evelops a com plete
d escrip tion of a ll specifications needed to enable p ro g ra m m ers to p rep a re
req u ired digital computer p rogram s. W ork in vo lves m ost of the follow in g:
A n a lyzes su bject-m atter operations to be automated and id en tifies conditions
and c r ite r ia requ ired to achieve s a tis fa c to ry resu lts; sp ec ifie s number and
types of reco rd s, file s , and documents to be used; outlines actions to be
p e rfo rm e d by personnel and com puters in su fficien t d eta il fo r p resentation
to management and fo r program m ing (ty p ic a lly this in volves p rep aration of
w ork and data flow charts); coordinates the developm ent of te s t p roblem s and
particip ates in tr ia l runs of new and r e v is e d system s; and recom m ends
equipment changes to obtain m o re e ffe c tiv e o v e r a ll operations. (N O T E :
W ork ers perform in g both system s analysis and p rogra m m in g should be c la s ­
s ifie d as system s analysts if this is the s k ill used to determ in e th eir pay.)
Does not include em ployees p r im a r ily resp on sib le fo r the m an age­
ment or supervision of other ele c tro n ic data p ro cessin g em p loyees, o r s y s ­
tem s analysts p rim a rily concerned with s c ie n tific or en gin eerin g p roblem s.
For

w age

study

purposes,

system s

analysts

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s:

O perates k ey b o a rd -co n tro lled data en try d evice such as keypunch
machine or k ey-op era ted m agnetic tape or disk encoder to tra n s c rib e
data into a fo r m suitable fo r com puter p rocessin g. W ork req u ires s k ill in
operating an alphanum eric keyboard and an understanding o f tra n scrib in g
procedures and relevan t data en try equipment.

Class A . Works independently o r under only g e n e ra l d ire c tio n on
com p lex problem s involving a ll phases o f system s analysis.
P ro b lem s a re
com plex because o f d iv e rs e sources of input data and m u ltip le-u se r e q u ir e ­
ments o f output data.
(F o r exam ple, d evelops an in tegrated production
scheduling, inventory control, cost a n a lysis, and sales analysis re c o r d in
which e v e r y ite m of each type is au tom atically p ro cessed through the fu ll
system o f records and appropriate follow u p actions a re in itiated by the
com p u ter.) Confers with persons concerned to d eterm in e the data p ro cessin g
p roblem s and advises su bject-m atter person n el on the im plication s of new
or re v is e d system s of data processin g operations. M akes recom m endations,
i f needed, fo r approval of m a jor system s in stallation s or changes and fo r
obtaining equipment.

P osition s
d efin itio n s:

c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the basis o f the fo llow in g

M ay p rovide functional d ire c tio n to lo w e r le v e l system s analysts
who a re assigned to assist.

Class A . W orks req u ires the application o f ex p erien ce and judgm ent
in selectin g procedu res to be fo llo w ed and in searching fo r , in terp retin g,
selectin g, or coding item s to be entered fr o m a v a r ie ty o f source documents.
On occasion m ay also p e rfo rm routine w ork as d escrib ed fo r class B.

Class B. W orks independently or under only gen era l d ire c tio n on
prob lem s that a re re la tiv e ly u ncom plicated to an alyze, plan, p ro g ra m , and
operate. Prob lem s are of lim ited co m p lex ity because sources of input data
a re homogeneous and the output data a re c lo s e ly related.
(F o r exam ple,

KEY EN TRY O PERATO R

a re




COM PUTER SYSTEMS A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS— Continued
develops system s fo r m aintaining d epositor accounts in a bank, m aintaining
accounts re c e iv a b le in a re ta il establishm ent, o r m aintaining inventory
accounts in a m anufacturing o r w h olesale establishm ent.) C on fers with p e r­
sons concerned to d eterm in e the data processin g problem s and advises
su b ject-m a tter p erson n el on the im plications of the data p rocessin g system s
to be applied.
OR
W orks on a segm ent o f a com plex data p rocessin g schem e or
system , as d escrib ed fo r class A . W orks independently on routine assign­
m ents and r e c e iv e s instruction and guidance on com plex assignm ents. W ork
is re v ie w e d fo r a ccu racy o f judgment, com pliance with instructions, and to
insure p ro p e r alignm ent with the o v e r a ll system .
C lass C . W orks under im m ediate supervision, ca rry in g out analy­
ses as assigned, usually o f a single activity. Assignm ents are designed to
d evelop and expand p ra c tic a l exp erien ce in the application o f procedu res and
sk ills req u ired fo r system s analysis w ork. F o r exam ple, m ay a ssist a higher
le v e l system s analyst by p rep a rin g the detailed specifications requ ired by
p ro g ra m m e rs fro m in form ation developed by the higher le v e l analyst.
C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on verts statem ents o f business problem s, typ ically prep ared by a
system s analyst, into a sequence of detailed instructions which are requ ired
to so lve the prob lem s by autom atic data processin g equipment. W orking from
charts o r d ia gra m s, the p ro g ra m m e r develops the p recise instructions which,
when entered into the com puter system in coded language, cause the manipu­
lation o f data to ach ieve d es ire d resu lts. W ork involves m ost o f the
fo llo w in g : A p p lies know ledge o f com puter capabilities, m athem atics, lo gic
em ployed by com pu ters, and particu lar subject m atter involved to analyze
charts and diagram s o f the p rob lem to be program m ed; develops sequence of
p ro g ra m steps; w rite s d etailed flow charts to show o rd er in which data w ill
be p ro c e s s e d ; co n verts these charts to coded instructions fo r m achine to
fo llo w ; tests and c o r r e c ts p ro g ra m s; p rep ares instructions fo r operating
person n el during production run; analyzes, review s, and a lters p rogram s to
in c re a s e operatin g e ffic ie n c y o r adapt to new requirem ents; m aintains r e ­
cords of p ro g ra m develop m en t and re visio n s. (N O TE : W o rk ers p erfo rm in g
both system s analysis and p rogram m in g should be c la s s ifie d as system s
analysts if this is the s k ill used to d eterm ine th eir pay.)
D oes not include em ployees p rim a rily responsible fo r the m anage­
m ent o r su p ervision o f other e le c tro n ic data p rocessin g em ployees, o r p ro ­
g ra m m e rs p r im a r ily con cern ed with scien tific and/or engineering p rob lem s.
F o r w age study purposes, p ro gra m m ers are c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s:
C lass A . W orks independently o r under only gen era l d irectio n on
com p lex p rob lem s which re q u ire com petence in all phases o f program m in g
concepts and p r a c tic e s . W ork in g from diagram s and charts which identify
the nature o f d e s ire d re s u lts , m a jo r processin g steps to be accom plished,
and the relation sh ips betw een various steps of the problem solvin g routine;
plans the fu ll range o f p ro gra m m in g actions needed to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the
com puter system in ach ievin g d es ire d end products.




COMPUTER PROGRAMMER, BUSINESS— Continued
A t this le v e l, program m ing is d ifficu lt because computer equipment
must be organ ized to produce s e v e ra l in te rre la te d but d iv e rs e products fro m
numerous and d iv e rs e data elem ents. A wide v a r ie ty and extensive number
o f internal processin g actions must occur.
This requ ires such actions as
developm ent of common operations which can be reused, establishment of
linkage points between operations, adjustments to data when p rogram r e ­
quirem ents exceed com puter storage capacity, and substantial manipulation
and resequencing of data elem ents to fo rm a highly integrated program .
M ay provid e functional d irection to lo w e r le v e l program m ers who
a re assigned to assist.
Class B . W orks independently or under only gen eral direction on
r e la tiv e ly sim ple p rogra m s, o r on sim ple segm ents of com plex program s.
P ro g ra m s (o r segm ents) usually p rocess inform ation to produce data in two
or th ree v a rie d sequences or form ats. R eports and listin gs are produced by
refin in g, adapting, arrayin g, or making m inor additions to or deletions fro m
input data which a re re a d ily available. W hile numerous records may be
p rocessed , the data have been refin ed in p rio r actions so that the accuracy
and sequencing o f data can be tested by using a few routine checks.
T y p ic a lly , the p ro g ra m d e a l s with routine recordkeeping operations.
OR
W orks on com plex program s (as describ ed fo r class A ) under close
d irectio n of a higher le v e l p ro gra m m er or su pervisor. May assist higher
le v e l p ro g ra m m er by independently p erfo rm in g less difficu lt tasks assigned,
and p erform in g m o re d ifficu lt tasks under fa ir ly close direction.
M ay guide or instruct lo w e r le v e l p rogra m m ers.
Class C. Makes p ra c tica l applications of program m ing practices
and concepts usually learn ed in fo r m a l training courses. Assignm ents are
designed to develop com petence in the application of standard procedures to
routine problem s. R e c e iv e s clo se su pervision on new aspects of assign ­
m ents; and w ork is review ed to v e r ify its accu racy and conform ance with
requ ired procedures.
CO M PUTER OPERATO R
In accordance with operating instructions, m onitors and operates
the con trol console of a digital com puter to process data. Executes runs by
eith er s e r ia l processin g (p ro cesses one p ro gra m at a tim e) or m u lti­
processin g (p ro c e s s e s two or m ore program s sim ultaneously). The follow ing
duties c h a ra c te rize the w ork of a com puter operator:
- Studies
needed.

operating

- Loads equipment
paper, etc.).

instructions
with

to

requ ired

determ ine
item s

equipment

(tapes,

cards,

setup
disks,

- Switches n ecessa ry a u x illia ry equipment into system .
- Starts and operates com puter.
- Responds to operating and com puter output instructions.
- R eview s e r r o r m essages and makes co rrection s during operation
o r r e fe r s problem s.
- Maintains operating reco rd .

COMPUTER O PERATOR— Continued

PE R IPH E R A L EQUIPMENT OPERATOR— Continued

M ay test-ru n new or m od ified p rogram s. M ay a s s is t in m odifying
system s or p ro gra m s. The scope of this definition includes tra in ees w orking
to becom e fu lly qu alified com puter op era to rs, fu lly qu alified com puter
op erators, and lead o p era to rs providin g tech n ical assistan ce to lo w e r le v e l
operators. It excludes w o rk ers who m onitor and operate rem ote term in a ls.
Class A . In addition to w ork assignm ents describ ed fo r a cla ss B
operator (s e e below ) the w ork of a class A op erator in volves at le a s t one
of the follow in g:
- D eviates fr o m standard procedu res to avoid the loss o f in fo r ­
m ation or to con serve com puter tim e even though the procedu res
applied m a te ria lly a lter the com puter unit's production plans.
- T e sts new p ro g ra m s , applications, and proced u res.
- A d vises p ro g ra m m e rs
techniques.

and

su b ject-m atter

experts

on

setup

- A s s is ts in (1) m aintaining, m odifyin g, and developing operating
system s o r p ro g ra m s ; (2) developing operatin g instructions and
techniques to c o ver p ro b lem situations; and/or (3) switching to
em ergen cy backup p roced u res (such assistan ce re q u ire s a w orking
knowledge o f p ro g ra m language, com puter fea tu res, and softw are
s y s te m s ).
An

o p era to r

at this le v e l ty p ic a lly guides

lo w e r le v e l op erators.

Class B . In addition to established production runs, w ork a s s ig n ­
ments include runs in volvin g new p ro g ra m s , applications, and procedu res
(i.e ., situations which re q u ire the op erator to adapt to a v a r ie ty of p rob lem s).
A t this le v e l, the o p era to r has the train in g and exp erien ce to w ork fa ir ly
independently in c a rry in g out m ost assignm ents. A ssignm ents m ay re q u ire
the op erator to s e le c t fro m a v a r ie ty of standard setup and operating
procedu res.
In responding to com puter output instructions or e r r o r con ­
ditions, applies standard operating or c o r r e c tiv e proced u res, but m ay
deviate fr o m standard procedu res when standard p roced u res fa il if deviation
does not m a te r ia lly a lte r the com puter unit's production plans. R e fe r s the
problem o r aborts the p ro g ra m when procedu res applied d o- not p rovid e a
solution. M ay guide lo w e r le v e l op erators.
C lass C . W ork assignm ents a re lim ite d to established production
runs (i.e ., p rogra m s which presen t few operating p rob lem s). A ssignm ents
m ay consist p r im a r ily o f on -th e-job training (som etim es argum ented by
cla s s ro o m in stru ction ). When learn in g to run p ro g ra m s , the s u p erviso r or a
higher le v e l o p era tor p rovid es detailed w ritten or o ra l guidance to the
operator b e fo re and during the run. A ft e r the operator has gained exp erien ce
with a p ro g ra m , h o w ever, the o p era tor w orks fa ir ly independently in
applying standard operatin g or c o r r e c tiv e procedu res in responding to
com puter output instructions or e r r o r conditions, but r e fe r s p roblem s to a
higher le v e l op erator or the su p erviso r when standard procedu res fa il.
P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IP M E N T O P E R A T O R
O perates p e rip h e ra l equipment which d i r e c t l y supports d igital
com puter operation s. Such equipment is uniquely and s p e c ific a lly designed
fo r com puter application s, but need not be p h ysica lly or e le c tro n ic a lly
connected to a com puter.
P r in te r s , p lo tte rs , card read/punches, tape
re a d e rs , tape units o r d r iv e s , disk units or d riv e s , and data display units
a re exam ples of such equipment.




The follow ing duties c h a ra c te rize the w ork of a p erip h era l equipment
op erator:
- Loading p rin ters and p lo tters with c o r r e c t paper; adjusting
controls fo r fo rm s , thickness, tension, printing density, and
location; and unloading hard copy.
- Labellin g tape r e e ls , disks, or ca rd decks.
- Checking labels and mounting and dismounting
re e ls or disks on sp ecified units or d riv e s .

designated tape

- Setting controls which regu late operation o f the equipment.
- O bserving panel lights fo r
taking appropriate action.

w arnings

and

e r r o r indications and

- Examining tapes, cards, or other m a te ria l fo r c r e a s e s ,
or other defects which could cause p ro cessin g p rob lem s.

te a rs ,

Th is cla ssifica tio n excludes w o rk e rs (1 ) who m onitor and operate a
con trol console (see com puter o p e ra to r) or a rem o te te rm in a l, or (2) whose
duties a re lim ited to operating d e c o lla te rs , b u rs te rs , s e p a ra to rs, or s im ila r
equipment.
C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N
Maintains lib r a r y of m edia (tapes, disks, card s, ca s s e tte s ) used
fo r autom atic data processin g applications. The fo llo w in g o r s im ila r duties
c h a ra c te riz e the w ork of a com puter data lib ra ria n : C la s s ify in g , cataloging,
and storin g media in accordance with a standardized system ; upon p ro p er
requ ests, releasin g m edia fo r p ro cessin g ; m aintaining re c o rd s of re le a s e s
and retu rn s; inspecting returned m edia fo r dam age or e x c e s s iv e w ear to
d eterm in e whether or not they need rep lacin g. M ay p e r fo r m m in or rep a irs
to dam aged tapes.

D RAFTER
Class A.
Plans the graphic presen tation of com p lex item s having
d istin ctive design features that d iffe r sig n ifica n tly fr o m establish ed drafting
precedents. W orks in close support with the design o rig in a to r, and m ay
recom m end m inor design changes. A n a ly ze s the e ffe c t of each change on the
details of form , function, and p osition al relation sh ips of components and
parts. W orks with a m inimum of s u p e rv is o ry assistan ce.
C om pleted w ork
is re v ie w e d by design origin a tor fo r con sisten cy with p r io r en gin eerin g
determ inations. M ay either p rep a re draw ings or d ire c t th e ir p rep a ra tion by
lo w e r le v e l drafters.
Class B.
P e rfo rm s nonroutine and com plex drafting assignm ents
that re q u ire the application of m ost of the standardized draw ing techniques
re g u la rly used. Duties ty p ic a lly in v o lv e such w ork as:
P re p a re s w orking
drawings of subassem blies with ir r e g u la r shapes, m u ltiple functions, and
p re c is e positional relationships betw een com ponents; p rep a res a rch itectu ra l
drawings fo r construction of a building including detail draw ings o f foun­
dations, w all sections, flo o r plans, and roof.
Uses accepted form u las
and manuals in making n ecessa ry com putations to d eterm in e quantities of
m a te ria ls to be used, load ca p a cities, strengths, s tr e s s e s , etc.
R e c e iv e s
in itia l instructions, requ irem en ts, and a d vice fr o m su p erviso r.
Com pleted
w o r k is checked fo r technical adequacy.

D R A FT E R — Continued

ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN— Continued

C lass C . P r e p a r e s d etail drawings of single units o r parts fo r
en gin eerin g, construction, m anufacturing, or rep a ir purposes. Types of
draw ings p rep ared include is o m e tric p rojection s (depicting three dim ensions
in accurate s c a le ; and section a l view s to c la r ify positioning of components
and con vey needed in form ation . C onsolidates details fro m a number of
sou rces and adjusts o r tran sposes scale as requ ired . Suggested m ethods of
approach, applicable p reced en ts, and advice on source m a teria ls are given
with in itia l assign m en ts. Instructions are less com plete when assignm ents
re c u r. W ork m ay be spot-ch ecked during p ro g re s s .

W ork m ay be review ed by su p ervisor (frequ en tly an engineer or
d esig n er) fo r gen eral com pliance with accepted p ra c tic e s . M ay provide
technical guidance to lo w er le v e l technicians.

D R A F T E R -T R A C E R

C lass B . A pp lies com prehensive technical knowledge to solve com ­
p lex problem s (i.e ., those that ty p ica lly can be solved s o le ly by p rop erly
in terp retin g m an u factu rers' manuals o r s im ila r documents) in working on
ele c tro n ic equipment. W ork in volves: A fa m ilia rity with the in terrelation ­
ships o f circu its; and judgm ent in determ ining w ork sequence and in selecting
tools and testing instrum ents, usually less com plex than those used by the
class A technician.

C opies
cloth o r paper
include tra cin g
la r g e sca le not

R e c e iv e s technical guidance, as requ ired , fro m supervisor or higher
le v e l technician, and w ork is review ed fo r sp ecific com pliance with accepted
p ra ctices and w ork assignm ents. M ay p rovide technical guidance to low er
le v e l technicians.

plans and draw ings prepared by others by placing tracin g
o v e r draw ings and tracin g with pen or pen cil. (D oes not
lim ite d to plans p r im a r ily consisting of straight lines and a
re q u irin g c lo s e delineation.)
AND/OR

P r e p a r e s sim p le o r re p e titiv e drawings of ea sily visu a lized item s.
W ork is c lo s e ly su p ervised during p ro g re s s .
E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N
W ork s on variou s types o f electro n ic equipment and related d evices
by p e rfo rm in g one o r a com bination of the follow in g: Installing, m aintaining,
re p a irin g , overh au lin g, troubleshooting, m odifying, constructing, and testin g.
W ork re q u ire s p ra c tic a l application of technical knowledge of electro n ics
p rin c ip le s , a b ility to d eterm in e m alfunctions, and skill to put equipment in
re q u ire d op eratin g condition.
The equipm ent— con sistin g o f either many d ifferen t kinds o f circu its
o r m u ltip le rep etitio n o f the sam e kind of circu it— includes, but is not lim ited
to, the fo llo w in g: (a) E le c tro n ic transm itting and re c e iv in g equipment (e .g .,
ra d a r, radio, te le v is io n , telephone, sonar, navigational aids), (b) d ig ita l and
analog com pu ters, and (c ) indu strial and m ed ical m easuring and con trollin g
equipm ent.
This c la s s ific a tio n excludes re p a ire rs of such standard e lectro n ic
equipm ent as com m on o ffic e m achines and household radio and te le v is io n
sets; production a ss e m b le rs and te s te rs ; w o rk ers whose p rim a ry duty is
s e rv ic in g e le c tro n ic test instrum ents; technicians who have adm in istrative
o r s u p e rv is o ry re s p o n s ib ility ; and d ra fte rs , d esign ers, and p ro fessio n a l
e n g in eers.
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d
d efin ition s.

into le v e ls on the basis of the follow in g

C lass A . A p p lie s advanced technical knowledge to solve unusually
com p lex p rob lem s (i.e ., those that ty p ic a lly cannot be solved s o le ly by r e f e r ­
ence to m a n u fa ctu rers' m anuals or s im ila r documents) in w orking on e le c ­
tro n ic equipm ent. E xam p les o f such problem s include location and d en sity of
c ir c u itr y , e le c tro m a g n e tic radiation, isolating m alfunctions, and frequent
en gin eerin g changes. W o rk in vo lves; A detailed understanding of the in ter­
relation sh ip s o f c irc u its ; e x e rc is in g independent judgment in p e rfo rm in g such
tasks as m aking c ir c u it an alyses, calculating w ave fo rm s, tracin g rela tio n ­
ships in signal flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using com plex test instrum ents (e .g ., dual
tra c e o s c illo s c o p e s , Q -m e te r s , deviation m e te rs , pulse g e n e ra to rs ).




C lass C . A p p lies w orking technical knowledge to p erfo rm sim ple or
routine tasks in w orking on ele c tro n ic equipment, follow in g detailed instruc­
tions which c o v e r v irtu a lly all p roced u res. W ork ty p ica lly involves such
tasks as: A s s is tin g higher le v e l technicians by p erfo rm in g such activities as
replacin g components, w irin g circu its, and taking test readings; repairing
sim ple e lectro n ic equipment; and using tools and common test instruments
(e .g ., m u ltim eters, audio signal g en era tors, tube te s te rs , oscillo sco p es).
Is not requ ired to be fa m ilia r with the in terrelation sh ips o f circu its. This
know ledge, how ever, m ay be acquired through assignm ents designed to
in crea se com petence (including classroom training) so that w ork er can
advance to higher le v e l technician.
R e c e iv e s technical guidance, as requ ired , fro m su p ervisor or higher
le v e l technician. W ork is ty p ic a lly spot checked, but is given detailed review
when new o r advanced assignm ents are in volved.
R E G IS TE R E D IN D U S T R IA L NURSE
A re g is te re d nurse who gives nursing s e rv ic e under general m edical
d ire c tio n to ill o r injured em ployees o r other persons who becom e ill or
su ffer an accident on the p rem ises o f a fa c to ry or other establishm ent.
Duties in volve a com bination o f the fo llo w in g : G iving fir s t aid to the ill or
injured; attending to subsequent d ressin g o f em p loyees' in ju ries; keeping
re c o rd s o f patients treated; p reparin g accident rep orts fo r compensation or
other purposes; assisting in physical exam inations and health evaluations of
applicants and em ployees; and planning and c a rry in g out program s involving
health education, accident prevention, evaluation o f plant environment, or
other a c tiv itie s affectin g the health, w e lfa re , and safety o f all personnel.
N ursing su p erviso rs o r head nurses in establishm ents em ploying m ore than
one nurse are excluded.

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant
M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R
P e r fo r m s the carp en try duties n ecessa ry to construct and maintain
in good re p a ir building w oodw ork and equipment such as bins, cribs, counters,
benches, p artition s, doors, flo o r s , s ta irs , casin gs, and trim made of wood
in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and

39

MAINTENANCE CARPENTER— Continued

M AINTENANCE MECHANIC (Machinery)— Continued

laying out o f w ork from blueprints, draw ings, m odels, or verb al instructions;
using a v a rie ty of ca rp en ter's handtools, portable power tools, and standard
m easuring instrum ents; making standard shop computations relating to di­
mensions o f w ork; and selectin g m a te ria ls n ecessary fo r the w ork.
In
general, the w ork o f the maintenance carpenter requ ires rounded training
and experien ce usually acquired through a f o r m a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce.

obtained from stock; ord erin g the production o f a replacem en t p art by a
m achine shop or sending the m achine to a m achine shop fo r m a jo r re p a irs ;
prep arin g w ritten specifications fo r m a jo r re p a irs o r fo r the production o f
parts ord ered from machine shops; rea ssem b lin g m achines; and m aking all
n ecessa ry adjustments fo r operation. In gen era l, the w ork of a m ach in ery
m aintenance m echanic requ ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually
acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent train in g and e x p e ri­
ence. Excluded from this cla s s ific a tio n are w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duties
in volve setting up o r adjusting m achines.

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r fo r m s a v a rie ty o f e le c tr ic a l trade functions such as the instal­
lation, m aintenance, o r re p a ir o f equipment fo r the generation, distribution,
or u tilization o f e le c tr ic energy in an establishm ent. W ork involves m ost
of the fo llo w in g ; Installing o r rep airin g any of a v a rie ty of e le c tric a l equipment such as gen erators, tra n sfo rm ers, switchboards, co n tro lle rs , circu it
breakers, m o to rs, heating units, conduit system s, or other transm ission
equipment; w orking from blueprints, draw ings, layouts, o r other s p e c ifi­
cations; locating and diagnosing trouble in the e le c tric a l system or equip­
ment; w orking standard computations relating to load requirem ents of w irin g
or e le c tric a l equipment; and using a v a rie ty o f e le c tric ia n 's handtools and
m easuring and testing instrum ents. In gen eral, the w ork o f the maintenance
electricia n req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through
a fo rm a l apprenticeship or equivalent training and exp erien ce.
M A IN T E N A N C E P A IN T E R
Paints and red ecora tes w a lls, woodwork, and fixtu res o f an estab­
lishm ent. W ork involves the fo llo w in g ; Knowledge o f su rface p ecu lia rities
and types o f paint requ ired fo r d ifferen t applications; preparing surface
fo r painting by rem ovin g old finish or by placing putty or f ille r in nail
holes and in terstices; and applying paint with spray gun o r brush. May
m ix co lo rs , o ils , white lead, and other paint ingredients to obtain proper
color o r consistency. In gen eral, the w ork of the m aintenance painter
requ ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent training and exp erien ce.
M A IN T E N A N C E M AC H IN IST
P rod u ces replacem en t parts and new parts in making rep a irs o f
m etal parts of m echanical equipment operated in an establishm ent. W ork
involves m ost o f the follow in g; In terpretin g w ritten instructions and sp eci­
fications; planning and laying out o f w ork; using a v a rie ty o f m ach in ist's
handtools and p re c is io n m easu ring instrum ents; setting up and operating
standard m achine tools; shaping o f m eta l parts to close toleran ces; making
standard shop computations relatin g to dim ensions o f w ork, tooling, feed s,
and speeds o f m achining; knowledge of the w orking p ro p erties o f the common
m etals; selectin g standard m a te ria ls , parts, and equipment requ ired fo r this
work; and fittin g and assem bling parts into m echanical equipment. In
general, the m ach in ist's w ork n orm ally req u ires a rounded training in
m achine-shop p ra ctice usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship or
equivalent training and exp erien ce.
M A IN T E N A N C E M EC H AN IC (M ach in ery)
R ep a irs m ach in ery o r m echanical equipment o f an establishm ent.
W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Exam ining m achines and m echanical
equipment to diagnose source of trouble; dism antling o r p artly dism antling
machines and p erfo rm in g rep a irs that m ain ly in volve the use o f handtools in
scraping and fittin g parts; replacin g broken o r d efe ctive parts with item s




M A IN T E N A N C E M ECH ANIC (M otor veh ic le )
R epairs automobiles, buses, m otortru ck s, and tra c to rs of an estab­
lishm ent. W ork involves m ost of the fo llo w in g : Exam ining autom otive equip­
m ent to diagnose source of trouble; d isa ssem b lin g equipment and p erfo rm in g
re p a irs that involve the use o f such handtools as w ren ch es, gauges, d r ills ,
or sp ecia lized equipment in d isassem blin g o r fittin g p arts; rep lacin g broken
o r d e fe c tiv e parts fro m stock; grinding and adjusting va lves; reassem b lin g
and installing the various assem blies in the veh icle and making n ecessa ry
adjustm ents; and aligning w heels, adjusting brakes and ligh ts, o r tightening
body b olts. In general, the w ork o f the m o to r veh ic le m aintenance m echanic
req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship or equivalent training and ex p erien ce.
This cla ssifica tio n does not include m echanics w h o
to m e rs ' vehicles in automobile re p a ir shops.

re p a ir

cus­

M A IN T E N A N C E P IP E F IT T E R
Installs o r re p a irs w ater, steam , gas, o r other types o f pipe and
pipefittings in an establishm ent. W ork in volves m o st o f the fo llo w in g ; L ayin g
out w ork and m easuring to locate position o f pipe fro m draw ings o r other
w ritten specifications; cutting various s ize s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
ch isel and ham m er or oxyacetylene torch o r p ipe-cu ttin g m achines; threading
pipe with stocks and dies; bending pipe by h and-driven or p o w e r-d riv e n
m achines; assem bling pipe with couplings and fastening pipe to hangers;
m aking standard shop computations rela tin g to p re s s u re s , flow , and s iz e o f
pipe requ ired; and making standard tests to d eterm in e w hether finished pipes
m eet sp ecification s. In general, the w ork o f the m aintenance p ip e fitte r
req u ires rounded training and exp erien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship or equivalent train in g and ex p erien ce. W o rk ers p r im a r ily
engaged in installing and rep a irin g building sanitation or heating system s
are excluded.
M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T -M E T A L W O R K E R
F a b rica tes, installs, and m aintains in good re p a ir the sheet-m etcil
equipment and fixtu res (such as m achine guards, g re a s e pans, shelves,
lo c k e rs , tanks, ven tilators, chutes, ducts, m eta l ro o fin g) of an establishm ent.
W ork involves m ost o f the fo llo w in g ; Planning and laying out all types o f
sh eet-m eta l maintenance w ork fro m blueprints, m od els, o r other s p e c ifi­
cations; setting up and operating all ava ila b le types o f sh eet-m eta l w orking
m achines; using a v a rie ty of handtools in cutting, bending, fo rm in g, shaping,
fittin g, and assem bling; and in stallin g sh eet-m eta l a rtic le s as requ ired . In
generad, the w ork of the m aintenance sh eet-m eta l w o rk e r re q u ire s rounded
training and experien ce usually acquired through a fo rm a l apprenticeship o r
equivalent training and exp erien ce.

M ILLW RIG H T

TOOL AND DIE MAKER— Continued

Installs new m achines or heavy equipment, and dism antles and
in stalls m achines o r heavy equipment when changes in the plant layout are
req u ired . W ork in volves m o s t of the fo llo w in g; Planning and laying out
w ork; in terp retin g blueprints o r other specification s; using a v a rie ty o f handtools and rig g in g ; m aking standard shop computations relatin g to stre s s e s ,
strength of m a te r ia ls , and cen ters of gra vity; aligning and balancing equip­
m ent; selectin g standard tools, equipment, and parts to be used; and installing
and m aintaining in good o rd e r pow er tran sm ission equipment such as d rives
and speed re d u c e rs . In g en era l, the m illw rig h t's work n orm ally req u ires a
rounded training and exp erien ce in the trade acquired through a fo rm a l
apprenticeship o r equivalent train in g and experien ce.

alloys; selectin g appropriate m a te ria ls , tools, and p ro cesses required to
com plete tasks; m aking n ecessa ry shop computations; setting up and o p er­
ating variou s m achine tools and related equipment; using various tool and
die m a k e r's handtools and p recisio n m easu ring instrum ents; working to v e ry
close to lera n ces; h eat-treatin g m etal parts and finished tools and dies to
achieve requ ired qu alities; fittin g and assem bling parts to p rescrib ed to le r ­
ances and allow ances. In gen eral, the tool and die m a k e r's w ork requ ires
rounded training in m achine-shop and toolroom p ra ctice usually acquired
through fd rm a l apprenticeship o r equivalent t r a i n i n g - and experien ce.
F o r cro s s -in d u s try w age study purposes, this cla ssifica tion does not
include to o l and die m ak ers who (1) are em ployed in tool and die jobbing
shops o r (2) produce fo rg in g dies (die sin k ers).

M A IN T E N A N C E T R A D E S H E L P E R
A s s is ts one o r m o re w o rk ers in the skilled m aintenance trad es, by
p e rfo rm in g s p e c ific o r gen era l duties of le s s e r skill, such as keeping a
w o rk e r supplied with m a te ria ls and tools; cleaning working area, m achine,
and equipment; a ssistin g journeym an by holding m a teria ls o r tools; and p e r­
fo rm in g other u nskilled tasks as directed by journeym an. The kind o f w ork
the h elp er is p erm itted to p e rfo rm va rie s from trade to trade: In som e
trades the h elp er is confined to supplying, liftin g, and holding m a te ria ls and
tools, and cleaning w orkin g areas; and in others he is perm itted to p e rfo rm
s p e c ia liz e d m achine op eration s, or parts o f a trade that are also p erfo rm ed
by w o rk e rs on a fu ll-tim e b a sis.
M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T o o lro o m )
S p e c ia lize s in operatin g one or m o re than one type o f m achine tool
(e .g ., jig b o re r, grin din g m achine, engine lathe, m illin g m achine) to m achine
m eta l fo r use in m aking or m aintaining jig s , fixtu res, cutting tools, gauges,
o r m eta l dies o r m old s used in shaping o r form in g m eta l o r nonm etallic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r, rubber, gla s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s ;
Planning and p e rfo rm in g d iffic u lt machining operations which req u ire com ­
plicated setups or a high d e g re e of accuracy; setting up m achine tool or
tools (e .g ., in sta ll cutting tools and adjust guides, stops, w orking tables,
and other con trols to handle the size of stock to be machined; determ in e
p ro p er feed s, speeds, toolin g, and operation sequence or s e le c t those p re ­
scrib ed in draw in gs, blu eprints, o r layouts); using a v a rie ty of p re c is io n
m easu rin g instrum ents; m aking n ecessa ry adjustments during m achining
op eration to ach ieve re q u is ite dim ensions to v e ry close to lera n ces. M ay
be req u ired to s e le c t p ro p e r coolants and cutting and lubricating o ils , to
re c o g n iz e when tools need d ressin g, and to dress tools. In gen eral, the w ork
o f z. m a ch in e-to o l o p e ra to r (to o lro o m ) at the sk ill le v e l called fo r in this
c la s s ific a tio n re q u ire s exten sive knowledge o f m achine-shop and toolroom
p ra c tic e usually acqu ired through considerable on -th e-job training and
e x p erien ce.

S T A T IO N A R Y E NG INEER
O perates and m aintains and m ay also su pervise the operation of
stationary engines and equipment (m echanical o r e le c tr ic a l) to supply the
establishm ent in which em ployed with pow er, heat, re frig e ra tio n , or airconditioning. W ork in volves; O perating and m aintaining equipment such as
steam engines, a ir c o m p resso rs, g en era tors, m o to rs, turbines, ventilating
and r e frig e ra tin g equipment, steam b o ile rs and b o ile r -fe d w ater pumps;
m aking equipment re p a irs ; and keeping a re c o rd of operation of m achinery,
tem p eratu re, and fuel consumption. M ay also su pervise these operations.
Head o r ch ief en gin eers in establishm ents em ploying m o re than one engineer
are excluded.
B O ILE R TE N D E R
F ir e s station arv b o ile rs to furnish the establishm ent in which
em ployed with heat, pow er, or steam . F eeds fuels to fir e by hand or
operates a m echanical stoker, gas, or o il burner; and checks w ater and
safety va lves. M ay clean, o il, or assist in rep a irin g b o ile r room equipment*

Material Movement and Custodial
T R U C K D R IV E R
D riv e s a truck within a city or industrial area to transport
m a te ria ls , m erch an dise, equipment, or w o rk ers between various types of
establishm ents such as: M anufacturing plants, fre ig h t depots, warehouses,
w h olesale and re ta il establishm ents, or between re ta il establishm ents and
cu sto m ers' houses or places o f business. M ay also load or unload truck
with o r without h elp ers, make m in or m echanical re p a irs , and keep truck in
good w orking o rd e r. Salesroute and o v e r-th e -ro a d d riv e rs are excluded.

F o r c ro s s -in d u s try w age study purposes, this cla s s ific a tio n does not
include m a ch in e-to o l o p e ra to rs (to o lro o m ) em ployed in tool and die jobbing
shops.

F o r w age study purposes, tru ck d rivers are cla s s ifie d by type and
rated capacity o f truck, as fo llo w s;
T ru c k d riv e r, ligh t truck
(stra ig h t truck, under IV 2 tons, usually 4 w h eels)
T ru c k d riv e r, mediyura truck
(s tra ig h t truck, IV 2 to 4 tons in clu sive, usually 6 w heels)
T ru c k d riv e r, heavy truck
(stra igh t truck, o v e r 4 tons, usually 10 w heels)
T ru c k d riv e r. t r a c to r - tr a ile r

T O O L A N D DIE M A K E R
Constructs and re p a irs jig s , fixtu res, cutting tools, gauges, or m etal
dies o r m olds used in shaping o r form in g m etal o r nonm etallic m a te ria l (e .g .,
p la stic, p la s te r, rubber, g la s s ). W ork ty p ica lly in vo lves: Planning and laying
out w o rk accordin g to m o d els, blueprints, draw ings, or other w ritten o r o ra l
sp ecifica tio n s; understanding the w orking p rop erties of common m etals and




41

SHIPPER AND RECEIVER

SHIPPING PACKER

P e r fo r m s c le r ic a l and physical tasks in connection with shipping
goods of the establishm ent In which em ployed and re c e iv in g incom ing
shipments.
In p erfo rm in g d a y-to-d a y, routine tasks, fo llo w s established
guidelines. In handling unusual nonroutine p ro b le m s , re c e iv e s sp e c ific gu id­
ance fro m su p e rv is o r or other o ffic ia ls .
M ay d ire c t and coordinate the
a c tiv itie s of other w o rk ers engaged in handling goods to be shipped o r being
received .

P re p a re s finished products fo r shipment or storage by placing them
in shipping containers, the sp ecific operations p e rfo rm e d being dependent
upon the type, s ize , and number of units to be packed, the type of container
em ployed, and method of shipment. W ork req u ires the placing of item s in
shipping containers and m ay in volve one or m o re of the follow in g: K now ledge
of variou s item s of stock in ord e r to v e r ify content; selectio n of ap p ropriate
type and size of container; inserting enclosu res in container; using e x c e ls io r
or other m a te ria l to prevent breakage or dam age; closin g and sealing co n ­
ta in er; and applying labels or entering iden tifyin g data on container. P a ck ers
who also make wooden boxes or crates a re excluded.

Shippers ty p ic a lly a re resp on sib le fo r m ost of the fo llo w in g : V e r ­
ifyin g that ord ers a re a ccu ra tely fille d by com paring item s and quantities
o f goods gathered fo r shipment against documents; insuring that shipments
a re p ro p e rly packaged, id en tified with shipping in form ation , and loaded into
tran sportin g v e h ic le s ; p rep arin g and keeping re c o rd s of goods shipped, e .g .,
m an ifests, b ills of lading.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a re resp on sib le fo r m ost of the fo llo w in g:
V e rify in g the co rre c tn e s s o f incom ing shipments by com paring item s and
quantities unloaded against b ills of lading, in v o ic e s , m a n ifests, storage
re c e ip ts , or other re c o rd s ; checking fo r dam aged goods; insuring that
goods a re a p p ro p ria tely id en tified fo r routing to departm ents within the
establishm ent; p rep arin g and keeping reco rd s of goods rece iv e d .
For

w age

study

purposes,

w o rk ers

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

M A T E R IA L H AND LING LA B O R E R
A w ork er em ployed in a w arehou se, m anufacturing plant, sto re , or
other establishm ent whose duties in volve one or m o re of the follow in g:
Loading and unloading various m a te ria ls and m erch an dise on or fro m fre ig h t
c a rs , tru cks, or other transporting d e v ic e s ; unpacking, sh elvin g, or placing
m a teria ls or m erchandise in p ro p er sto ra ge location; and tran sportin g
m a teria ls o r m erchandise by handtruck, c a r, or w h eelb arrow .
Lon gsh ore
w o rk e rs , who load and unload ships, a re excluded.

fo llo w s :

Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Shipper and r e c e iv e r
W AREH O U SEM AN
A s d ire c te d , p e rfo rm s a v a r ie ty of warehousing duties which req u ire
an understanding of the establish m en t's stora ge plan.
W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g : V e rify in g m a te ria ls (o r m erch an d ise) against re c e iv in g
documents, noting and rep ortin g d iscrep a n cies and obvious dam ages; routing
m a teria ls to p re s c rib e d storage location s; sto rin g, stacking, or p a lle tizin g
m a teria ls in accordan ce with p re s c rib e d stora ge m ethods; rea rra n g in g and
taking in ven tory of stored m a te ria ls ; exam ining stored m a te ria ls and
rep ortin g d e te rio ra tio n and dam age; rem ovin g m a te ria l fr o m stora ge and
preparin g it fo r shipment. M ay operate hand or pow er trucks in p erfo rm in g
w arehousing duties.
Exclude w o rk e rs whose p rim a ry duties in vo lve shipping and r e c e iv ­
ing w ork (s e e Shipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o rd e r fillin g
(s e e O rd er F il l e r ) , o r operating pow er trucks (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O p era tor).

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
Operates a manually co n tro lled g a s o lin e - or e le c tr ic -p o w e r e d truck
or tra c to r to tran sport goods and m a te ria ls of a ll kinds about a w arehouse,
m anufacturing plant, or other establishm ent.
F o r wage study purposes, w o rk e rs a re c la s s ifie d by type of p o w ertruck, as follow s:
F o rk lift operator
P o w e r-tru c k operator (oth er than fo r k lift)

G UARD
P ro tects p rop erty fro m theft or dam age, or persons fro m hazards
or in terferen ce. Duties in volve se rv in g at a fix e d post, making rounds on
foot or by m otor veh icle, or escortin g persons or p rop erty. M ay be deputized
to make a rre s ts .
M ay also help v is ito r s and custom ers by answ ering
questions and giving directions.
Guards em ployed by establishm ents which p rovid e p ro te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a contract basis a re included in this occupation.

ORDER F IL L E R
For

F ills shipping o r tra n s fe r o rd e rs fo r finished goods fro m stored
m erchandise in accordan ce with specification s on sales slip s, cu sto m ers'
o rd e rs , or other instructions. M ay, in addition to fillin g o rd e rs and in d i­
cating item s fille d o r om itted, keep reco rd s of outgoing o rd e rs , req u isition
additional stock or re p o rt short supplies to su p e rv is o r, and p e r fo r m other
related duties.




wage

study

purposes,

guards

a re

c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

Class A .
E n forces regulations designed to preven t breach es of
secu rity.
E x e rc is e s judgment and uses d is c re tio n in dealing with e m e r ­
gen cies and secu rity violations encountered.
D eterm in es whether fir s t

42

GUARD— Continued

GUARD— Continued

respon se should be to in terven e d ir e c tly (asking fo r assistance when deem ed
n e c e s s a ry and tim e a llo w s ), to keep situation under su rveilla n ce, or to rep o rt
situation so that it can be handled by appropriate authority. Duties req u ire
s p e c ia liz e d train in g in m ethods and techniques of protecting secu rity areas.
C om m only, the guard is re q u ire d to dem onstrate continuing physical fitness
and p ro fic ie n c y with fir e a r m s or other sp ecial weapons.

qu ire m in im al training. Com m only, the guard is not requ ired to dem onstrate
p h ysical fitn ess. M ay be arm ed, but g e n e ra lly is not requ ired to dem onstrate
p ro fic ie n c y in the use of fire a rm s or sp ecial weapons.

C lass B.
C a r r ie s out instructions p rim a rily orien ted tow ard in ­
suring that e m e rg e n c ie s and s e c u rity violation s are re a d ily d isc o v e re d and
re p o rte d to a p p ro p ria te authority.
Intervenes d ire c tly only in situations
w hich re q u ire m in im a l action to safeguard p rop erty or persons.. Duties r e ­




J A N IT O R , P O R T E R , OR C L E A N E R
Cleans and keeps in an o rd e rly condition fa c to ry working areas and
w ash room s, or p rem ises of an o ffic e , apartm ent house, or c o m m ercia l
o r other establishm ent.
Duties in volve a com bination of the fo llo w in g :
Sweeping, mopping or scrubbing, and polishing flo o rs ; rem ovin g chips, trash,
and other refu se; dusting equipment, fu rnitu re, or fix tu res; polishing m etal
fixtu res or trim m in g s; providin g supplies and m inor maintenance s e rv ic e s ;
and cleaning la v a to rie s , sh ow ers, and re stro o m s.
W ork ers who sp ecia lize
in window washing are excluded.

43

Service Contract
Act Surveys
The fo llo w in g a reas a re s u r ­
veyed p e rio d ic a lly fo r use in adm in­
isterin g the S e r v ic e C ontract A c t
of 1965. S u rvey resu lts a re pub­
lished in re le a s e s which a re a v a ila ­
ble, at no cost, w h ile supplies la st
fro m any of the BLS re g io n a l o ffic e s
shown on the back c o v e r.

A lask a (sta tew id e)
Albany, Ga.
Albuquerque, N. M ex.
A lexan dria—L e e s v ille , La.
Alpena—
Standish—
Taw as C ity, M ich.
Ann A rb o r, M ich.
A s h e v ille , N.C.
Augusta, Ga.—
S.C.
Austin, Tex.
B a k ersfield , C a lif.
Baton Rouge, La.
B attle C reek , M ich.
B eau m on t-P ort A rth u r— range
O
and Lake C h a rles, T ex .—La.
B ilo x i— u lfport and Pascagou la—
G
M oss Point, M iss.
Binghamton, N. Y.
B irm ingham , A la .
Bloom ington—
Vincennes, Ind.
B rem erton —
Shelton, Wash.
Brunswick, Ga.
C edar Rapids, Iowa
Champaign—
Urbana—
Rantoul, 111.
C h arleston — orth C harleston—
N
W a lterb oro, S.C.
C h arlotte—
Gastonia, N.C.
C la r k s v ille — op k in sville, Term.—
H
Ky.
Colum bia—
Sum ter, S.C.
Columbus, Ga.— la .
A
Columbus, M iss.
Connecticut (statew id e)
Decatur, 111.
Des M oines, Iowa
Dothan, A la .
Duluth— u perior, Minn.—W is.
S
E l P a so — la m o g o rd o —
A
Las C ru ces,
T ex .— Mex.
N.
Eugene— p rin gfield — edford, O reg.
S
M




F a y e tte v ille , N.C.
F o r t L au derdale— ollyw ood
H
and W est P a lm Beach—
B oca Raton, F la.
F o r t Smith, A rk .—
Okla.
F o r t Wayne, Ind.
Gadsden and Anniston, A la.
G oldsboro, N.C.
Grand Island— astings, N ebr.
H
Guam, T e r r it o r y of
H a rrisb u rg —Lebanon, Pa.
K n o x v ille , Term.
L a C ro sse-S p a rta , W is.
L a re d o , Tex.
L as Vegas—Tonopah, N ev.
Lexin gton — a yette, Ky.
F
L im a , Ohio
L ittle Rock— orth L ittle Rock, A ik .
N
L o ra in — ly ria , Ohio
E
L o w e r E a stern Shore, Md.—
Va.—
Del.
M acon, Ga.
M adison, W is.
M aine (sta tew id e)
M a n sfield , Ohio
M c A lle n — arr^E din bu rg
Ph
and B ro w n s v ille — arlin gen —
H
San Benito, Tex.
M erid ia n , M iss.
M id d lesex , Monmouth, and
Ocean Counties, N. J.
M o b ile— en sacola—
P
Panam a C ity,
A la .— la .
F
Montana (statew id e)
N a s h v ille —
Davidson, Tenn.
N ew B ern—
Jackson ville, N.C.
N ew H am pshire (statew id e)
N orth Dakota (statew id e)
N orth ern N ew Y o rk
N orth w est Texas
Orlando, Fla.
Oxnard— im i V a lle y —
S
Ventura, C a lif.
P e o r ia , 111.
Phoenix, A r iz .
P in e Bluff, A rk .
Pueblo, C olo.
P u e rto R ico
R a leig h —
Durham, N.C.
Reno, N ev.

R iv e rs id e —
San Bernardino—
O ntario, C alif.
Salina, Kans.
Salinas—
Seaside— onterey, C alif.
M
Sandusky, Ohio
Santa B arbara—
Santa M aria—
Lom poc, C alif.
Savannah, Ga.
Selm a, Ala.
Sherman—
Denison, Tex.
Shreveport, La.
South Dakota (statew ide)
Southeastern M assachusetts
Southern Idaho
Southwest V irgin ia
Spokane, Wash.
Sprin gfield, 111.
Stockton, C alif.
Tacom a, Wash.
Tam pa—
St. Petersb u rg, Fla.
Topeka, Kans.
Tucson-D ouglas, A r iz .
Tulsa, Okla.
Upper Peninsula, Mich.
V a lle jo — a irfie ld —
F
Napa, C alif.
V erm on t (statew ide)
V irg in Islands of the U.S.
Waco and K illeen —
Tem ple, Tex.
W a terlo o -C ed a r F a lls, Iowa
W est V irg in ia (statew ide)
W estern and Northern
Massachusetts
W ichita F a lls—Lawton—
Altus,
T e x .—
Okla.
Yakim a—
Richland—
Kennewick—
Pendleton, Wash.— reg.
O

A L S O A V A IL A B L E —
An annual re p o rt on s a la rie s fo r
accountants, auditors, ch ie f account­
ants, attorneys, job analysts, d ir e c ­
to rs o f personnel, buyers, chem ists,
en gin eers, en gin eerin g technicians,
d ra fte rs ,
a n d c le r ic a l em ployees
is availab le.
O rd er as BLS B u lle ­
tin 2004, N ational Survey o f P r o ­
fessio n a l, A d m in istra tive, Tech n ical
and C le r ic a l Pay, M arch 1978, $ 2.40
a copy, fr o m any o f the BLS r e ­
gional sales o ffic e s shown on the
back c o v e r, or fr o m the S u perin­
tendent o f Documents, U.S. G o v e rn ­
m ent P rin tin g O ffice, Washington,
D.C. 20402.

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t bu lletins available is presented below. Bulletins
m ay be purchased fr o m any o f the BLS region a l offices shown on the back
c o v e r , o r fr o m the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. G overnm ent P rin tin g
O ffic e , Washington, D .C . 20402. Make checks payable to Superintendent of
D ocum ents. A d ir e c to r y o f occupational wage surveys, co verin g the years
1970 through 1977, is a va ila b le on request.

A rea
A kron , Ohio, D ec. 1978 _______________________________________
Albany— ch en ectad y^T roy, N. Y., Sept. 1979_______________
S
Anaheim -Santa Anar-Garden G rove,
C a lif., Oct. 1979______________________________________________
A tlan ta, G a., M ay 1979________________________________________
B a ltim o re , M d ., Aug. 1979___________________________________
B illin g s , M ont., July 1979____________________________________
B irm in gh am , A la ., M a r. 1978________________________________
Boston, M ass., Aug. 1979_____________________________________
B u ffalo, N .Y ., Oct. 1978 1_____________________________________
Canton, Ohio, M ay 1978_______________________________________
Chattanooga, T en n .-G a ., Sept. 1979__________________________
C h icago, 111., M ay 1979________________________________________
C incinnati, Ohio—
Ky.—Ind., July 1979 1______________________
C levela n d , Ohio, Sept. 1979___________________________________
Colum bus, Ohio, Oct. 1978 1__________________________________
Corpus C h ris ti, T e x ., July 1979 1____________________________
D allas—F o r t W orth, T e x ., Oct. 1978 1
________________________
D aven p o rt-R o ck Islan d^M olin e, Iowa—
111., Feb. 1979______
Dayton, Ohio, D ec. 1978 ______________________________________
Daytona Beach, F la ., Aug. 1979 1____________________________
D en ver— ou lder, C o lo ., D ec. 1978___________________________
B
D e tro it, M ich ., M a r. 1979 1___________________________________
F re s n o , C a lif., June 1979____________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1979_________________________________
G ary—
Hammond— a st C hicago, Ind., Oct. 1979 1____________
E
G reen Bay, W is., July 1979__________________________________
G re e n s b o ro -W in s to n -S a le m —
High Point,
N .C ., Aug. 1979_______________________________________________
G r e e n v ille —
Spartanburg, S.C ., June 1979 1_________________
H a rtfo rd , Conn., M a r. 1979___________________________________
Houston, T e x ., A p r. 1979_____________________________________
H u n tsville, A la ., F eb. 1979___________________________________
Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 1979__________________________________
Jackson, M is s ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
Jack son ville, F la ., D ec. 1978 ________________________________
Kansas C ity, M o.— a n s ., Sept. 1979 1_______________________
K
Los A n g e le s —Long Beach, C a lif., Oct. 1979________________
L o u is v ille , K y.-In d ., N ov. 1978______________________________
M em phis, Tenn.— rk .—M is s ., Nov. 1979 1----------------------A




B ulletin number
and p ric e *
2025-63, $1.00
2050-46, $1.50
2050-48, $1.50
2050-20, $1.30
2050-42, $1.75
2050-43, $1.50
2025-15, 80 cents
2050-50, $1.75
2025-71, $1.30
2025-22, 70 cents
2050-39, $1.50
2050-21, $1.75
2050-28, $2.00
2050-47, $1.75
2025-59, $1.50
2050-33, $1.75
2025-52, $1.50
2050-10, $1.00
2025-66, $ 1.00
2050-41, $1.50
2025-68, $1.20
2050-7, $1.50
2050-25, $1.50
2050-45, $1.50
(To be surveyed)
2050-31, $1.50
2050-49,
2050-29,
2050-12,
2050-15,
2050-3,
2050-54,
2050-9,
2025-67,
2050-58,
2050-59,
2025-69,
2050-56,

$1.50
$1.75
$1.10
$1.30
$1.00
$2.25
$1.20
$1.00
$2.75
$2.25
$1.00
$2.25

A rea
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1979________________________________________
M ilwaukee, W is., A p r. 1979__________________________________
M inneapolis—
St. Paul, Minn.—W is., Jan. 1979_______________
Nassau—
Suffolk, N. Y ., June 1979____________________________
Newark, N .J ., Jan. 1979______________________________________
New O rleans, La., Oct. 1979_________________________________
New York, N .Y .-N .J ., May 1979_____________________________
N orfolk—V irg in ia Beach—
Portsm outh, Va.—
N .C ., M ay 1979 1 _____________________________________________
N orfolk—V irg in ia Beach—
Portsm outh and
N ew p ort News—
Hampton, Va.— .C ., M ay 1978---------------N
N ortheast Pennsylvania, Aug. 1979 1------------------------------Oklahoma C ity, O kla., Aug. 1979____________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—Iowa, Oct. 1979_______________________________
C
P
_
P a terson — lifton — a ssa ic, N.J., June 1979_____________ ,_
Philadelphia, P a.—
N.J., Nov. 1979 1________________________
Pittsburgh, Pa., Jan. 1979 1__________________________________
Portland, Maine, Dec. 1978 1 _________________________________
Portland, O reg.—Wash., M ay 1979____________________________
Poughkeepsie, N. Y ., June 1979_______________________________
Poughkeepsie—
Kingston—
Newburgh,N .Y ., June 1979_________
P ro v id e n c e — arw ick—
W
Pawtucket, R. I.—
M ass., June 1979 1__________________________________________
Richmond, Va., June 1979____________________________________
St. Louis, M o.—111., M ar. 1979 1 _____________________________
Sacram ento, C a lif., Dec. 1978 __________________ ____________
Saginaw, M ich., Nov. 1979 1__________________________________
Salt Lake C ity—
Ogden, Utah, Nov. 1978 1____________________
San Antonio, T ex., M ay 1979__________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 1978__________________________________
San F ra n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1979__________________
San Jose, C a lif., M ar. 1979___________________________________
Seattle— verett, Wash., Dec. 1978___________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 1979 1_________________________________
Toledo, O h io-M ich., M ay 1979_______________________________
Trenton, N.J., Sept. 1979_____________________________________
Utica—Rom e, N .Y ., July 1978_________________________________
Washington, D .C .-M d .-V a ., M ar. 1979______________________
W ichita, K an s., A p r. 1979____________________________________
W o rc e s te r, M ass., A p r. 1979________________________________
Y ork, P a ., Feb. 1979_________________________________________

Bulletin number
and p ric e *
2050-55,
2050-8,
2050-1,
2050-36,
2050-5,
2050-53,
2050-30,

$2.25
$1.30
$1.30
$1.75
$1.30
$2.25
$1.75

2050-22, $1.75
2025-21,
2050-32,
2050-37,
2050-51,
2050-26,
2050-57,
2050-11,
2025-70,
2050-27,
2050-34,
2050-35,

80 cents
$1.75
$1.50
$1.50
$1.50
$3.00
$1.50
$1.20
$1.75
$1.50
$1.50

2050-38,
2050-24,
2050-13,
2025-75,
2050-52,
2025-72,
2050-17,
2025-73,
2050-14,
2050-19,
2025-74,
2050-44,
2050-16,
2050-40,
2025-34,
2050-4,
2050-18,
2050-23,
2050-6,

$1.75
$1.50
$1.50
$1.00
$1.75
$1.30
$ 1.00
$1.00
$1.20
$1.10
$ 1.00
$1.75
$1.10
$1.50
$1.00
$1.20
$ 1.00
$1.50
$1.00

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

Postage and Fees Paid
U.S. Department of Labor
Third Class Mail

Official Business
Penalty for private use, $300

Lab-441

Bureau of Labor Statistics Regional Offices
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Region lit

Region IV

1603 JFK Federal Building
Government Center
Boston, Mass 02203
Phone: 223-6761 (AreaCode617)

Suite 3400
1515 Broadway
New York, N Y. 10036
Phone: 399-5406 (AreaCode212)

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Philadelphia, Pa 19101
Phone: 596-1154 (AreaCode215)

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Phone. 881-4418 (Area Code 404)
•
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Regions IX and X

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Phone :353-1880 (Area Code 312)

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Phone: 767-6971 (AreaCode214)

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Kansas City, Mo 64106
Phone: 374-2481 (Area Code 816)

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Arkansas
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Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, One Federal Reserve Bank Plaza, St. Louis, MO 63102