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Norfolk—Virginia Beach— Portsmouth,
Virginia— North Carolina,
Metropolitan Area, May 1979

Area
Wage
Survey
U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Bulletin 2050-22




DOCUMENT

collection

OCT 21970

DV S I W
at ,K
°p

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Preface
T his bu lletin p r o v id e s re su lts o f a M ay 197 9 s u r v e y o f occu p a tion a l
earn ings and su pplem en tary w age ben efits in the N orfolk — irg in ia B each —
V
P ortsm ou th , V irg in ia —
North C a ro lin a , Standard M etrop olita n S ta tistica l A rea .
The su rv e y was m ade as p a rt o f the B u reau o f L a b or S ta t is t ic s ' annual a rea
wage su rv e y p r o g r a m .
It w as con du cted b y the B u rea u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e in
P h ila delph ia, P a ., under the g e n e ra l d ir e c tio n o f Irw in L. F eig en b au m ,
A s sis ta n t R eg ion a l C o m m is s io n e r fo r O p era tion s.
The su rv ey cou ld not have
been a c c o m p lis h e d without the c o o p e r a tio n o f the m any fir m s w hose w age and
sa la ry data p rov id ed the b a sis fo r the s ta tis tica l in fo rm a tio n in this bu lletin .
The B ureau w ish es to e x p r e s s s in c e r e a p p re c ia tio n fo r the c o o p e ra tio n
r e ce iv e d .
M a teria l in this p u b lica tion is in the pu blic dom ain and m a y be
re p ro d u c e d w ithout p e r m is s io n o f the F e d e r a l G overn m en t.
P le a s e c r e d it
the B ureau of L a b or S ta tistics and cite the nam e and num ber o f this
pu blication .

Note:
A ls o a v a ila b le fo r the N o r fo lk a re a a r e lis tin g s o f union w age ra tes
fo r building tr a d e s , prin tin g tr a d e s , lo c a l-t r a n s it operatin g e m p lo y e e s , lo c a l
tr u c k d r iv e r s and h e lp e r s , and g r o c e r y s to re e m p lo y e e s . F r e e c o p ie s of th ese
are a v a ila b le fr o m the B u r e a u 's r e g io n a l o ffic e s .
(See ba ck c o v e r fo r
a d d r e s s e s .)




Area
Wage
Survey

Norfolk—Virginia Beach— Portsmouth,
Virginia— North Carolina,
Metropolitan Area, May 1979

U.S. Department of Labor
Ray Marshall, Secretary

Contents

Bureau of Labor Statistics
Janet L. Norwood
Commissioner

Introduction_______________________________________

Page

2

September 1979
Bulletin 2050-22

For sale by the Superintendent of Docu­
ments, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D C 20402, G PO Bookstores, or
BLS Regional Offices listed on back cover
Price for FRASER
Digitized$1.75. Make checks payable to Super­
intendent of Documents.



T ables:
Earnings, all establishm ents:
A - l . Weekly earnings o f o ffice w ork ers_____ 3
A -2. Weekly earnings o f p rofession a l
and technical w o r k e r s ________________
5
A -3, A verage weekly earnings of
office, profession a l, and
technical w ork ers, by s e x ____________ 6
A -4.
Hourly earnings of maintenance,
toolroom , and powerplant
w ork ers________________________________ 7
A -5 . Hourly earnings o f m a terial
movement and custodial w ork ers_____ 8
A -6. A verage hourly earnings of
maintenance, toolroom , p o w e rplant, m aterial m ovem ent, and
custodial w ork ers, by s e x ____________ 9
A -7. P ercen t in creases in average
hourly earnings fbr selected
occupational g ro u p s____________________ 10
A -8. A verage pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r w h ite-colla r w o r k e r s ______________ 11
A -9. A verage pay relationships
within establishm ents
fo r b lu e-colla r w ork ers_______________ 12

Page

Tables— Continued
Establishm ent pra ctices and supplementary
wage provision s:
B -l . Minimum entrance salaries for
inexperienced typists andclerk s_________ 13
B -2. L ate-sh ift pay provision s for
fu ll-tim e manufacturing
production and related w o rk e r s________ 14
B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of
fu ll-tim e fir s t-s h ift w orkers____________ 15
B -4, Annual paid holidays for fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s __________________________________16
B -5. Paid vacation provision s for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s ______________________ 17
B -6, Health, insurance, and pension
plans for fu ll-tim e w o rk e r s _____________ 20
B-7, Life insurance plans for
fu ll-tim e w o r k e r s _______________________ 21
Appendix A. Scope and method of su rvey ________ 24
Appendix B. Occupational descriptions__________ 29

Introduction

T h is a r e a is 1 o f 72 in w h ich the U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r' s
B ureau o f L a b or S ta tistics con d u cts s u r v e y s o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s and
rela ted b e n e fits.
(S ee lis t o f a r e a s on in sid e b a ck c o v e r .)
In ea ch area,
earn ings data f o r s e le c t e d occu p a tio n s ( A - s e r i e s ta b les) a r e c o lle c t e d
annually.
In form a tion on esta b lis h m e n t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age
ben efits ( B - s e r i e s ta b les) is obtain ed e v e r y th ird y e a r .
E a ch y e a r a fte r a ll in dividu al a r e a w age s u rv e y s have b een c o m ­
p leted , tw o su m m a r y b u lletin s a r e is su e d .
The f ir s t b rin g s to g e th e r data
fo r each m e tro p o lita n a r e a su r v e y e d ; the s e c o n d p r e s e n ts national and r e ­
gion a l e s t im a te s , p r o je c t e d fr o m in d iv id u al m e tro p o lita n a r e a data, fo r a ll
Standard M e tr o p o lita n S ta tis tic a l A r e a s in the United S ta tes, ex clu din g A la sk a
and H awaii.
A m a jo r c o n s id e r a tio n in the a r e a w age s u r v e y p r o g r a m is the n eed
to d e s c r ib e the le v e l and m o v em en t o f w ages in a v a r ie ty o f la b o r m a rk e ts ,
through the a n a ly s is o f (1) the le v e l and d is trib u tio n o f w ages by occu p a tio n ,
and (2) the m o v em en t o f w a g es by o ccu p a tio n a l c a te g o r y and s k ill le v e l.
T he p r o g r a m d e v e lo p s in fo rm a tio n that m a y be u sed fo r m any p u r p o s e s ,
in cluding w age and s a la r y a d m in istra tio n , c o lle c t iv e b a rg a in in g , and a s ­
s ista n ce in d ete rm in in g plant lo c a tio n . S u rv ey r e su lts a ls o a r e u se d by the
U.S. D ep artm en t o f L a b o r to m ake w age d eterm in a tion s under the S e r v ic e
C on tra ct A c t o f 1965.

W h ere p o s s ib le , data a r e p re se n te d f o r a ll in d u strie s and fo r m anu factu ring
and nonm anufacturing sep a ra tely .
Data a r e not p r e se n te d fo r s k ille d m a in ­
ten an ce w o rk e r s in nonm anufacturing b e c a u s e the num ber o f w o r k e r s e m ­
p loy ed in this occu p a tion a l grou p in n on m an u factu rin g is to o sm a ll to w arra n t
sep a ra te p resen ta tion .
This ta ble p r o v id e s a m e a s u r e o f w age tren d s a fter
elim in a tion o f changes in a v e r a g e ea rn in g s ca u se d by em p loym en t shifts
am ong estab lish m en ts as w e ll as tu r n o v e r o f esta b lish m en ts in clu d ed in
s u r v e y sa m p les.
F o r fu rth er d e ta ils , s e e appendix A .
T a b les A - 8 and A -9 p r o v id e fo r the f i r s t tim e m e a s u r e s o f a v e ra g e
pay rela tion sh ip s within esta b lish m en ts.
T h e s e m e a s u r e s m a y d iffe r c o n s id ­
e r a b ly fr o m the pay rela tion sh ip s o f o v e r a ll a v e r a g e s p u blish ed in ta b les
A - l through A -6 . See appendix A fo r d e ta ils .
B - s e r i e s tables
The B - s e r i e s ta bles p r e s e n t in fo rm a tio n on m in im u m en tran ce
s a la r ie s fo r in e x p e rie n ce d ty p ists and c le r k s ; la t e -s h ift pay p r o v is io n s and
p r a c t ic e s for p rod u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s in m a n u factu rin g ; and data
s e p a ra te ly fo r p rod u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s and o ffic e w o r k e r s on s c h e d ­
u led w eek ly h ours and days o f f ir s t - s h if t w o r k e r s ; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a ­
tio n s ; health, in su ra n ce , and p e n sio n p la n s; and m o r e d eta iled in fo rm a tio n
on life in su ra n ce plans.

A - s e r i e s ta b le s
A p p en d ixes
T a b le s A - l th rou gh A - 6 p r o v id e e stim a tes of str a ig h t-tim e w eek ly
o r h ou rly ea rn in g s fo r w o r k e r s in occu p a tio n s c o m m o n to a v a r ie ty o f
m an u factu rin g and n on m an u fa ctu rin g in d u str ie s .
The o ccu p a tion s a r e d efin ed
in appendix B.
F o r the 31 la r g e s t s u r v e y a r e a s , ta b les A -1 0 th rough A -1 5
p rov id e s im ila r data fo r e sta b lish m en ts em p loyin g 500 w o r k e r s o r m o r e .
T a b le A -7 p r o v id e s p e r c e n t ch a n ges in a v e ra g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f
o ffic e c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s , e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g w o r k e r s , in d u stria l
n u r s e s , s k ille d m a in ten a n ce tr a d e s w o r k e r s , and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s .




Appendix A d e s c r ib e s the m eth od s and c o n c e p ts u sed in the a re a
w age su rv ey p ro g ra m .
It p r o v id e s in fo rm a tio n on the s c o p e o f the a rea
s u r v e y , the a r e a 's in d u stria l c o m p o s itio n in m a n u fa ctu rin g , and la b o r m anagem ent ag reem en t c o v e r a g e .
Appendix B p ro v id e s jo b d e s c r ip tio n s u sed by B u reau fie ld r e p r e ­
sen ta tiv es to c la s s ify w o rk e r s by occu p a tion .

E a rn in g s
Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
^"^VeeklyTarnlngB^^™
(standard)
Number
of
w
orker*

Average
weekly
hours 1
(standard)

NUMBER

OF UORKERS

RECEIVING

STRAIGHT- TIME

WEEKLY

EARNINGS

(I N

OF —

OOLlARS»

Mean 2

Median2

Middle range 2

489
1 A3
346
60

CL AS S S ...............................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ......................................

52
3R

39.5
39.5

225.50
2 1 5 .0 0

2 0 5 .5 0
2 0 2 .5 0

179 .0 0 1 73.50-

2 7 3 .5 0
273.50

S E C R E T A R I E S . C LAS S C ...............................
NANUF ACTURIN6..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

120
60
60

39.5
39. 5
AO. 0

210.00
2 2 8 .3 0
191.50

2 1 3 .0 0
2 4 1 .0 0
1 84 .0 0

173 .0 0 1 87.50163 .0 0 -

SECRETARIES.

U T I L I T I E S ..................................

139
123
A5

39.5
39.5
3 9 .C

1 9 6 .5 0
198.00
247.50

1 8 4 .0 0
1 8 4 .0 0
2 5 4 .3 0

S E C R E T A R I E S . C LAS S E ...............................
MANUFACTURING..............................................

1A3
50

39. 5
39.0

1 6 A .0 0
1 8 7 . CO

STENOGRAPHERS......................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

53
A5

AO* 0
AO. 0

STENOGRAPHERS. GENE RAL ..........................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

3A
27

T Y P I S T S .....................................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

C LAS S

0 ...............................

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................................

PU BLIC

TYPISTS.

CLASS

A.........................................

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

270

290

310

330

350

120

130''

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

270

290

310

330

350

370

-

35
4
31

43
9
34
7

54
15
39
4

47
14
33
6

53
6
47
7

18
6
12
4

29
7
22
3

a
4
4
-

24
3
21
1

31
22
9
2

11
8
3
-

41
27
14
2

17
8
9
i

19

-

19
17

1
1
-

3
i
2
2

4
2
2
2

8
7

4
4

4
4

_

11
9

1

_

_

-

6
2

13
8

2
2

1
1

1

_
-

_
-

-

2
2

-

“

17
17
17

-

2
2
2

2
2
2

-

-

-

~

”
-

100
AN o
under

S E C R E T A R I E S ...........................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ......................................
PU BLI C U T I L I T I E S ..................................
SECRETARIES.

110

110

O c c u p a t i o n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

3 9. 5 * 1 9 5 . 0 0
39. 5
2 1 2 .5 0
AO. O
187.50
39.0
227.00

-

-

8
8
-

-

43
7
36
2

-

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

1
1

2 4 6 .0 0
2 5 5 .5 0
2 2 0 .0 0

_
-

-

_
-

-

-

2
2

1
1

4
3
1

17
4
13

13
6
7

16
3
13

3
1
2

3
1
2

4
3
1

12
1
11

12
8
4

5
5
-

25
23
2

i
1

1 63.001 61 .5 0 1 87.50-

2 0 8 .0 0
215.00
293.00

-

_

15
15
“

7
6

10
9

9
6
-

20
16
5

26
25
7

10
8
4

8
7
3

_
-

7
5
i

2
2
2

2
1
-

2
2
2

-

1 55 .0 0
1 7 3 .5 0

141 .5 0 156 .0 0 -

1 7 1 .5 0
2 3 5 .0 0

-

“

18
4

34
6

26
5

18
7

10
4

5
2

3
3

3
3

1
-

i
“

14
14

2
2

_

-

8
-

1 9 4 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

1 9 8 .0 0
1 9 1 .0 0

150.00142.00-

2 0 4 .5 0
2 0 1 .0 0

-

-

5
5

2
2

i
i

2
1

4
3

13
13

2
-

-

i
1

-

-

3
3

4

-

10
10

-

-

40.0
40.0

1 9 2 .5 0
187.00

1 6 0 .5 0
1 5 0 .5 0

1 29.001 29.00-

2 2 7 .0 0
2 2 0 .5 0

10
10

3
3

4
4

2
2

-

2
1

2
-

3

1
t

-

-

1
-

-

-

309
58
251
6A

39.0
39. 5
39.0
38. 5

1 5 1 .5 0
1 8 4 .0 0
1 4 4 .0 0
1 8 6 .5 0

1 3 3 .0 0
2 0 2 .5 0
1 3 1 .5 0
1 8 1 .5 0

125 .0 0 1 45.50125.00147 .5 0 -

9
3
6
6

6
1
5
5

2
2
2

11
6
5
5

5
3
2
2

2
1
1
1

26
26
-

4
2
2
1

-

-

45

40. 0

191.00

2 1 7 .5 0

150 .0 0 -

i

2

2

2

-

-

26

1

-

-

-

-

9
4
5

5
3
2

2
i
i

_
-

24

_
-

-

-

-

3
2
1

24

2
2

2
-

2
-

_

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

* 1 8 2 .5 0 * 1 6 0 . 0 0 - 4 2 3 3 . 0 0
1 7 0 . 0 0 - 2 5 3 .0 0
2 1 8 .5 0
1 5 5 . 0 0 - 2 0 7 .0 0
1 75 .0 0
1 7 4 .5 0 - 293.00
2 0 1 . OC

-

-

_

-

-

~

1 6 5 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0
1 4 1 .5 0
234.50

-

8
4
4

2 1 7 .5 0

-

-

T Y P I S T S . CL AS S R.........................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

26 A
27
237

39.0
39.0
39.0

1 4 5 .0 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 4 3 .5 0

1 3 1 .5 0
1 4 5 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

1 25.00125.00125.00-

142.00
1 8 5 .3 0
1 4 0 .5 0

_
-

F I L E C LE R K S...........................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

231
222

39.5
3 9. 5

1 2 3 .0 0
1 2 1 .5 0

1 1 7 .5 0
1 1 7 .5 0

116 .0 0 116 .3 0 -

125.00
1 2 5 .0 0

-

-

-

116
6
110
1

62
3
59
12

34
3
31
5

1

5

5

8
4
4

115
6
109

57
2
55

29
2
27

8
2
6

4
i
3

-

80
77

10
10

i
1

7
7

_

_

-

127
125

-

-

1

-

-

C ...............................

202

39. 5

1 1 9 .5 0

1 1 6 .5 0

116.00-

1 2 4 .5 0

-

124

70

32
27

39. 5
4 0. 0

1 2 7 .5 0
1 2 8 .0 0

1 2 0 .0 0
1 2 0 . CO

119 .5 0 120 .0 0 -

125.50
1 2 6 .3 0

1
1

8
4

16
16

4
4

1
1

-

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS..................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

67
59

39.0
39. 5

1 4 0 . CO
1 3 5 .5 0

1 3 0 .0 0
1 3 0 .0 0

129.00129 .0 0 -

1 3 9 .5 0
1 3 8 .5 0

-

4
4

17
15

31
31

4
4

1

-

*
24
24
24

-

“

_

-

"

“

-

-

4
4

2
2

-

4
4

2
2

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

-

“
-

-

“
-

“

”
“

”

8

MESSENGERS.............................................................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g .......................................

“

-

FILE

CLERKS.

CL AS S

See footnotes at end of ta b le s .




3

1

2
2

_

_

-

.

-

-

-

-

-

"

4
3

1

1

-

1

1
1

-

-

-

“

"

-

-

~

-

Table A-1. Weekly earnings of office workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979— Continued
"""weeklyTarnln^1
""""
(standard)
Oc cu p a ti o n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
w
oikei*

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Mean2

Median2

NUNRER OF WORKERS RECEIVING

Middle range 2

100
AND
UNDER
110

STRAIGHT- TIME

WEEKLY EARNIN6S

(IN

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

220

230

240

250

270

290

310

330

350

120

130

140

150

160

170

180

190

200

210

2 20

230

240

250

270

290

310

330

350

370

21
21

22
22

42
2
40

17
4
13

9
7
2

9
1
8

2
1
1

10
3
7

5
1
4

6
6
“

1
1
*

_

-

3
3

2
2

5
5

1
1

5
5

“

145
26
119

39. 5 1 1 4 5 .0 0
39. 5
171.50
39.5
1 3 9 .0 0

ORDER CLERKS.......................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................

11?
51

39.5
«0.0

146.00
155.50

135.00
138.00

125.501 26.00-

1 6 0 .0 0
1 9 8 .0 0

5
-

19
9

10
8

39
12

7
4

4
2

2
2

12
-

ORDER CLERKS* CLASS R............................
MANUFACTURING.............................................

135
5C

40.0
40.0

147.50
154.50

135.00
138.00

1 28.001 25.00-

1 6 2 .0 0
1 9 0 .0 0

_

19
9

10
8

39
12

6
4

4
2

2
2

12
-

*

3
3

ACCOUNTING CLERK S...........................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

50?
131
371
37

39.5
3 9. 5
40.0
39.5

160.00
175.50
1 5 4 .5 0
159.50

150.00
159.50
148.00
159.50

130 .0 0 133 .0 0 1 30.001 45.00-

1 7 9 .5 0
2 2 5 .5 0
1 7 3 .0 0
1 7 6 .0 0

_
-

8
8
-

70
25
45
2

105
18
87
3

57
11
46
8

50
12
38
6

42
7
35
7

45
6
39
8

35
5
30
2

21
8
13
“

22
22
”

3
2
1
“

ACCOUNTING CLERKS* CLASS A................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

130
45
85

40.0
40.0
40.0

192.50
2 2 0 .5 0
1 7 8 .0 0

184.00
227.00
176.50

172 .5 0 191 .0 0 170 .0 0 -

2 2 0 .0 0
2 5 8 .0 0
2 0 0 .0 0

-

2
2

2

5

3

5
1
4

31
2
29

11
2
9

9
8
1

18

-

18

~

ACCOUNTING c l e r k s , c l a s s r ................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFICTURINE......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

372
86
286
29

39. 5
39.0
40.0
39.5

1 4 8 .5 0
152.00
147.50
155.00

140.00
140.00
140.00
151.00

130 .0 0 127 .0 0 130 .0 0 145 .0 0 -

1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 5 .0 0
1 6 0 .0 0
1 6 9 .0 0

12
12

4
4

PAYROLL CLERKS..................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

70
25
A5

39.5
39.5
39. 5

1 6 9 .0 0
1 92 .5 0
156.00

150.00
181.00
145.00

1 40.001 66.00139 .0 0 -

1 9 1 .0 0
2 1 7 .5 0
1 6 7 .0 0

3
1
2

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS:
MANUFACTURING.. ........................................

58

39.5

1 7 2 .5 0

163.00

1 35.50-

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A ...........
MANUFACTURING.............................................

5C
26

39.5
39.5

1 8 7 .5 0
197.00

170.30
200.50

160.00160.00-

~

*

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CL»SS RZ
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .............................................

32

39.5

153.00

152.00

130 .0 0 -

1 6 6 .5 0

$ 12 6.50-4157.50
1 5 4 . 0 0 - 1 9 9 .0 0
1 2 6 . C 0 - 1 4 0 .5 0

-

“

-

2

5

3

-

6
6

68
25
43
2

100
18
82
3

54
11
43
8

40
7
33
4

37
6
31
5

14
4
10
5

24
3
21
2

1
1

-

3
1
2

15
3
12

15
1
14

3
1
2

10
5
5

1
1

-

“

4
2
2

2 0 5 .0 0

~

-

4

12

4

5

ii

4

_

_

-

-

i
i

3
2

2
2

2
1

17
4

2
1

4
2

3

10

2

4

7

3

4

*

1
1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

~
-

-

-

-

-

_

-

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

_

-

_

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

4
4

-

“

“

“

21
15
6
“

3
2
1
1

8
8
“

12
12

_
“

-

-

-

11
5
6

3
2
1

8
8
“

12
12
“

*

3
2
1

10
10

-

-

-

-

2
2
“

4
2
2

5
3
2

2
1
1

-

-

1
1
"

3

2

2 2 0 .0 0
2 2 6 .0 0

_

See footnotes at end of tables.




-

10
5
5

-

OF —

110

SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR ECE PT IO NIS TS ..................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

$136.30
161.00
134.00

DOLLA RS !

1

9

-

1
1

15
9

-

-

“

“

3

“

-

“

”

“
“

“

-

“

-

-

“
-

-

-

-

1
1
-

-

-

“

1

1

1

“

“

“

1
1

1
1

1
1

-

-

-

“

“

Table A-2. Weekly earnings of professional and technical workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Weekly earnings1
(standard)
O c c u p a t io n and i n d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
w
orkers

Average
weekly
hours1
(standard]

Mean2

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) ..........................................................
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................

90
80

AO. 0 * 3 6 0 .0 0
AO. 0
3 60 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CLASS A...............................
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................

AD
36

AO. 0
AC. 0

Median2

* 3 6 4 .0 0
3 6 8 .5 0

4 0 3 .5 0
4 0 6 .5 0

3 7 8 .5 0
3 8 0 .0 0

NUMBER OF

Middle range 2

*330.50-*39A.50
3 2 7 . 5 0 - 3 9 4 .5 0

345 .0 0 345 .0 0 -

4 6 0 .3 0
4 6 0 .0 0

WORKERS RECEIVING

EARNINGS

(I N

OF —

DOLLARS)

120

130

1 40

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

130

140

160

180

200

220

240

260

280

300

320

340

360

380

400

420

440

460

480

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

1
-

3
3

2
2

5
4

5
4

17
13

11
11

19
18

4
3

1

-

10
10

”

-

6
6

6
6

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

i
i

14
11

5
5

4
4

3
3

“
“

1

6
6

*6
6

-

-

_

_

32

AO. 0

3 60 .0 0

3 7 5 .0 0

3 27.50-

3 9 4 .5 0

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) . . . .
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................

169
154

AO. 0
AD. 0

2 8 9 .0 0
2 90 .5 0

2 8 8 .5 0
2 9 6 .5 0

249 .5 0 253 .0 0 -

3 20 .0 0
3 2 0 .0 0

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

“

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) .
CLASS A.............................................................

62

A3. 0

3 3 8 .0 0

3 4 1 .0 0

3 05.00-

3 6 7 .5 0

-

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS ( B U S I N E S S ) ,
CLASS B.............................................................
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................

72
67

AO. 0
AO. 0

2 8 2 .5 0
2 8 1 .5 0

287.00
2 8 7 .0 0

255 .0 0 255 .5 0 -

3 07 .5 0
3 0 7 .5 0

-

-

15B
27
131

4C.0
39.0
AO. 0

1 9 5 .0 0
2 3 0 . CO
1 8 8 .0 0

1 8 0 .9 0
2 1 9 .0 0
1 8 0 .0 0

163 .0 0 1 67.001 63.00-

2 15 .0 0
2 3 8 .5 0
2 0 7 .0 0

-

R.............

105

AO. 0

1 9 9 .0 0

1 8 7 .0 0

1 65.00-

2 13 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERAT ORS . CLASS C .............
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................

4?
31

3 9. 5
AO. 0

1 7 4 .5 0
1 6 3 .5 0

1 6 2 .0 0
1 6 2 .0 0

158.00158.00-

1 8 0 .0 0
1 75 .0 0

-

DRA FT E RS ..................................................................
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................

126
76

39.5
AO. 0

2 5 2 . DO
2 0 7 .0 0

2 4 8 .0 0
204.00

1 98.00169 .5 0 -

3 0 8 .5 0
2 4 5 .3 0

1
1

5»

39. 5

2 5 1 .0 0

250.00

232 .0 0 -

2 7 8 .0 0

_

PROGRAMMERS

weekly

110
ANO
UNDER
120

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ) , CL ASS 9 ...............................

COMPUTER

STRAIGHT -TIME

_

"

“

480
ANO
OVER

-

-

-

-

1

1

5

3

2

6

1*

“

“

“

~

“

24
19

13
12

19
16

13
13

19
17

32
32

15
15

9
9

10
7

6
6

7
6

-

-

-

-

~

2
2

“

“

-

~

-

-

-

-

5

2

16

8

9

10

6

6

“

”

“

-

-

-

-

-

8
8

16
13

8
8

16
15

16
16

7
7

-

-

-

1

”

“

“

16
3
13

10
1
9

1
1

1
1
"

_

“

“

1
1

2
2

-

”

~

"

26
5
21

i
i

-

29
3
26

-

-

55
3
52

_

-

16
7
9

.

-

-

-

-

3

38

23

19

11

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

'

1

2

-

-

13
9

17
16

6
6

5
-

_

i

_

_

-

-

-

~

-

-

-

-

-

“

6
6

5
5

7
7

10
9

6
5

18
17

22
6

3
2

6
i

2
2

20

-

-

-

2

14

19

2

4

“

~

-

(B U SIN ESS ).
2 2 0 .3 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS.........................................
MANUFACTURINS..............................................
NONMANUFACTURINE......................................
COMPUTER

DRA FT E RS .

OPERAT ORS .

CL ASS

CLASS

B ......................................

4
4

“

6

ii
ii
7

-

5

“

”

■

*

W o r k e r s w e r e at $500 to $520.

See footnotes at end of ta b le s .




I

5

“

"

”

-

“

'
-

Table A-3. Average weekly earnings of office, professional, and technical workers, by sex
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Average
(m
ean'*)
O c cu p a t io n ,

O FF I CE

s e x , 3 and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Weekhr
hours
(standard)

Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

O c c u p a t io n ,

SECRETARIES,

class

b.

.

n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ...........

,

class

c.

.

39.5
39.5
39.5
39.0

52
38

39.5
39.5

120

39.5

60

*0.0

m a n u f a c t u r i n g ..................
n o n m a n u f a c t u r i n g ...........

* 1 9 * .5 0 SWITCHBOARD

OPERATORS.................................

Weekly
Weekly
earnings1
hours1
(standard) (standard)

O c cu p a ti o n,

s e x . 3 and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

2 1 0 . 0 0 ORDER C L E R K S .......................................................
MA NU FA C TU R IN G .. ........................................
1 9 1 .5 0
ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS R............................
MANUFACTURING.............................................

39.5
39.0

1 9 8 .0 0
2 * 7 . 5 0 ACCOUNTING

, class e. .
MANUFACTURING..................

143
50

39.5
39.0

1 8 7 .0 0

65
57

39.0
39.0

* 13 8 .5 0
1 33 .5 0

COMPUTER SYSTEMS

79
71

43.0
4C.0

* 36 3 .5 0
364.03

1*5

39.5

1 *5 .0 0

40.0
40.0

4 0 6 .0 0
406.53

25

43.3

3 6 8 .0 3

113
103

*0.0

304.00
3*5.00

51
48

4 C. Q
43.0

288.50
2 8 7 . OD

OPERATORS.........................................

102
R3

*0.0
40.0

201.50
1 9 2 .0 0

COMPUTER OPERATORS. C LAS S R .............
NONMANUEACTURING......................................

71
61

39.5
4C.0

203.00
1 9 3 .5 3

COMPUTER

101
*0

39.5

1 46 .5 0
1 59 .5 3

94

*0.0
4C.0

1 *8 .0 0 COMPUTER
1 58 .5 0

...........................................

*78

39.5

U T I L I T I E S .................................

37

39.5

1 59 .0 0
1 74 .0 3
1 53 .5 3
1 59 .5 0

clerks

PUBLIC

COMPUTER

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS

SYSTEMS

ANALYSTS

PROGRAMMERS

»R U S I N E S S ) . . . .

COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

COMPUTER
*0

*0.0

181.00

GENERAL

29

40.0

180.50

T T P I S T S ........................................
MANUFACTURING..................
NONMANUFACTURING...........
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . .

30*
57
2*7
64

39.0
39.5
39.0
38.5

152.00
1 8 5 .0 0
1 * 4 .5 0
1 8 6 .5 0

44

*0.0

1 9 2 .0 0

PAYROLL CL ER K S ..................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

T Y P I S T S . CLASS B............. .
M A NU FAC TUR ING .. ............. .
NONMANUFACTURING............

260
27
233

39.0
39.0
39.0

1 * 5 .5 0
1 5 6 .5 0
1 * 4 .0 0

key

F I L E CL ERK S................................
NONMANUFACTURING............

231
222

39.5
39.5

1 2 3 .0 3
121.50

202

39.5

1 1 9 .5 0

TYPISTS.

F IL E

CLASS

CLERKS.

A.............

CLASS

C..<

See footnotes at end of tab les




Weekly
earnings1
(standard)

ANALYSTS

NONMANUFACTURING......................................

<PUSINESS>.

s t e n o g r a p h e r s ..........................

NONMANUFACTURING...........

Weekly
hour*1
(standard]

PROFESSIONAL ANO TECHNICAL
OCCUPATIONS - MEN

NONPANU^ACTURINE............................ ..

123
*5

STENOGRAPHERS.

Number
of
w
orkers

37

1 8 7 .0 0
2 2 7 . 0 0 SWITCHBOARO OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ..................................................

, class 0 ..
NONMANUFACTURING...........
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . .

secretaries

secretaries

s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
w
orkers

O FF I CE OCCUPATIONS WOMEN— CONTINUED
*74
143
331
60

Average
(mean2)

Average
(mean2)

OCCUPATIONS WOMEN

S E C R E T A R I E S . . . . . ..................
MANUFACTURING..................
NONMANUFACTURING...........
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S . . .

secretaries

Number
of
woiken

MANUFACTURING..............................................

ACCOUNTING

PUBLIC

CLERKS.

CLASS

B .. . . . . .

U T I L I T I E S .................................

42

*0.0

351

39.5

29

39.5
39.5

2 18 .5 0
1 78 .0 0
1 *7 .0 0
1 52 .0 0
1 45 .5 3
1 55 .0 0

138
*0.0
DRA FTE RS .

39.5
39.5
39.0

1 66 .0 0
1 92 .5 0
1 50 .0 0

58

39.5

1 72 .5 0

49
26

entry

66
25
41

39.5
39.5

1 88 .5 3
1 97 .0 0

32

39.5

1 53 .0 0

operators:

KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS R!
MANUFACTURING.............................................

CLASS

R ......................................

PROFESSIONAL a n d
OCCUPATIONS COMPUTER

218.50

5*

39.5

251.00

56

40.0

1 8 3 .5 0

29

*0.0

187.00

TECHNICAL
WOMEN

OPERATORS.........................................

Table A-4. Hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom, and powerplant workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Hourly earnings *

O c c u p a t io n and in d u s t r y d i v i s i o n

Number
of
w
orkers

Mean2

NUMBER

Median2

3.70 3 .8 0
A NO
UNDER
3.80 3 .9 0

Middle range 2

CAR PENTERS ...............................

35

*7.08

*7.89

*6.25-

*7.95

MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ..........................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................

137
83
54

8 . 40
8 .6 6
8.00

8 . 57
8.40
8 .57

6.9 96 .9 97 .2 4 -

10.45
10.45
8.57

MAINTENANCE m a c h i n i s t s ...............................
MANUFACTURING..............................................

46
43

6.88
6 . 82

6.94
6.94

6 .1 36 .0 5 -

7.49
7.49

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS ( M A C H I N E R Y ! . .
MANUFACTURING..............................................
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ..................................

222
178
32

6.74
6 . 29
8.47

6 . 32
5 . 99
8 .57

5 .7 95 .7 98 .5 7-

7.46
6.68
8.67

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
(MOTOR V E H I C L E S I ............................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.......................................
PUBL IC U T I L I T I E S ..................................
MAINTENANCE

trades

helpers

.....................

166
43
123
96

7.13
7 .12
7 .14
7.17

7 . 20
5.95
7 . 50
7.20

5 .9 55 .7 56 .5 06 .7 9-

7.75
10.22
7.75
7.75

51

4 . 98

4.99

4 .3 4-

5.57

-

_

WORKER* RECEIVING

of

-

_

hourly

earnings

iin

dollars

!

of—

3.90

A . 00 4 . 2 0

4.40

4.60

4 .80

5 .0 0

5 .2 0

5 .40

5 .80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7.40

7.80

8 .2 0

8 .6 0

9.00

9.40

9.00

4.20

4 .40

4 .60

4.80

5.00

5 .2 0

5.40

5.80

6.20

6.60

7.00

7 .4 0

7.80

8.20

8.60

9.00

9.40

9 .8 010.2010.60

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

4

i

-

i

18

-

-

-

i

2

i
i

_

8
5
3

9
8
i

17
9
8

10
7
3

6
6

9
9

7
2
5

-

-

-

-

31
3
28

6
6

6
6

7

9
9

4
4

4
4

4
4

5
3

1
1

-

6

53
53

35
35

23
23

16
15
1

ii
9
2

23
23
”

~

14

27

-

14

15

17
5
12
10

16

40

_

16
16

40
27

9
9
9

“

6
6
4

-

5

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

-

-

-

12
12

-

-

-

*

_

_

_

8

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

1
1

_

_

_

_

i
i

11
11

2
2

6
2
4
4

7
4
3
3

11
5
6
1

14
11
3
3

3

9

1

-

1
1

-

~

23
23

.

-

1
1

3
3

-

-

-

-

R
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

8

-

3

_

-

-

8
R

-

-

-

1

5

6

-

10

_

_

-

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2
2

4
4

_

6
6

_

-

ST ATIONARY e n g i n e e r s ....................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................

34
34

6 . 56
6. 56

6.00
6.00

5 .8 05 .8 0-

6.71
6.71

-

-

-

BOILER TENDERS ...................................................
MANUFACTURING..............................................

41
41

6 . 14
6.14

5 .5 2
5 .52

4.5 24 .5 2-

6.65
6.65

6
6

_

-

_

-

-

-

See footnotes at end of tables.




s t r a ig h t - time

7

-

-

-

13
4
9
4

*
-

-

-

-

-

”

-

5
5

-

12
12

"
_

7

-

•

7
7

“

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

”

-

4
4

-

-

-

-

“

7
7

“
-

39
39
“

”

-

-

-

9 .8010.20

-

Table A-5. Hourly earnings of material movement and custodial workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979

2.90 3 .00
AND
UNDER
3 . 0 0 3 . ID

Occupation and industry division
w
orkers

Mean 2

Median*

Middle range 2

56

ST RAI GH T- TIME

3.10

3.20

3.40

3 .6 0

3.20

3.40

3.60

3 .8 0

HOURLY EARNIN6S

(IN

DOLLARS!

OF —

.p

NUMBER OF WORKER*: RECEIVING

W
0
0
o

Hourly earnings *
Number

.0 0

4 .2 0

4.40

4.60

4 .8 0

5 .2 8

5.60

6 .0 0

6.40

6.80

7.20

7.60

8.00

8.40

8.80

4 .2 0

4.00

4 .20

4 .* 0

4.60

4 .8 0

5 .2 0

5.60

6.00

6 .4 0

6.80

7.20

7 .60

8.00

8.40

8.80

9.20

9 .6 0

2

42
1
41
10

45
11
34
15

10
7
3
-

42
1
41
37

67
48
19
15

143
100
43
-

26
21
5
-

40
37
3
-

3
-

174
-

3

17*
148

65
65
-

-

14
14

35
35
35

1
1

1
“

5
-

1
-

_

_

-

-

4
-

2

2

15

17

8

22

-

3

-

4

29

89
37
26
-

14
1
-

18
3
-

1
-

-

-

-

-

1
1

4
4

TRUCKORIVERS.......................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONNANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

1 .2 7 1
251
1 *029
302

S 4.92
5 .16
* .87
6.28

*4.25
5 . 20
3.75
7 . 20

*3.464.8 03 .2 54.6 C-

*6.35
5.59
7.20
7.20

56
"

31
1
3D
“

18
18
“

185
185
6

63
18
45
18

204
3
201
18

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK..................
NONNANUFACTURING......................................

121
110

3. 23
3.05

3.00
2.97

2.9 02 .9 0-

3 .15
3.13

56
56

20
20

17
17

5
5

6
6

5
5

-

TRUCKORIVERS.

MEDIUM

TRUCK...............

539

* .5 1

3.75

3.2 5-

5.40

11

1

150

5

169

2

6

26

TRUCKDRIVERS.

HEAVY TRUCK..................

202

*.50

4.80

3.7 4-

5.20

-

-

18

32

10

-

20

-

TRUCKORIVERS. T R A C T O R - T R A I L E R .. . .
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

332
291
16D

6.10
6.14
5 .7 3

6 .1C
7.20
4.90

4.6 04 .6 04.6C-

7.20
7.60
7.20

-

-

-

6
6
“

2
2
“

14
14
12

”

14
14
9

18
16
15

3
3
-

35
35
35

1*
13
13

SH IP PER S.................................................................
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

81
66

*.78
*.73

* . 65
*.70

4 .2 53.9 *-

5.00
5.00

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

1
“

6
6

11
11

i
i

3
2

16
13

3
-

24
24

-

11
4

R EC EI VER S ..............................................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

10B
58

6 .15
*.70

5.71
4.75

4.7 53.8 1-

8.55
4 .75

-

1
1

5
5

1
1

5
5

1
1

3
3

i

-

3
-

30
28

2
2

1
1

6
2

3
3

3
3

3
3

_

_

_

-

-

-

40
-

_

-

-

-

SHIPPERS AND R EC EI V E R S ..............................
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

63
56

* .6 1
* . 35

* . *5
4 . 24

3.7 43.7 4-

4 .90
4.90

_

-

1
1

-

6
6

20
20

-

i
i

6
6

-

2
2

3
-

4
-

-

_

_

_

-

-

4
4

_

-

16
16

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

WAREHOUSEMEN.......................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

591
321
27C
N5

* .59
*.77
* . 38
6.*5

* . 60
5.01
3.75
5 .61

3.7 2*.* 03.2 9*.6 0-

5.10
5 .23
4.60
7.62

3

23
23
“

25
8
17
“

68
56
12
“

66
66
”

1*6
128
18
“

48
40
8

i
i
-

16
16
6

-

_
-

-

-

5
5
5

-

~

M
40
1
1

6
4
2
~

_

3
“

25
25
-

-

-

-

11
11
11

ORDER F I L L E R S ....................................................
MANUFACTURING.................. ..
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

222
62
160

5 .0 6
*.32
5. 3*

4« 80
3.65
4 . 80

3.6 53 .C 4 4 .8 0 -

6.82
5.88
6.82

16
16
*

-

4
4

28
28

2
2

20
20
“

59
59

2
2

24
24
-

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

MATERIAL HANDLIN6 LABORERS.....................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUPACTURING......................................

556
301
255

* .7 1
* . 41
5.07

4 . *0
4 . 24
5.00

3 .2 4 3.1 94.0 0-

5 .36
* .7 t
6.72

38
35
3

50
16
34

51
*2
9

8
2
6

52
50
2

6

23
-

70
33
37

2
2
-

4
4

_

_

-

-

FOR KL IFT OPERATORS........................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

385
291
94

5 . 64
5.66
5.56

5.02
5 . 28
*.95

4.5 54.5 54.8 5-

6.87
8 .52
6.87

14
14

-

i
i

3
3
“

6
6

1*
1*
-

_
-

78
78
-

GUARDS.....................................................................
m a n u f a c t u r i n g .............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

649
120
529

3. 30
4. 27
3. 08

2 . 90
*.25
2.90

2 .9 C3 .2 0 2.9C-

3 .20
4.50
2 .92

443
443

35
24
11

4
4

28
15
13

GUARDS. CLASS B...........................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................

5*9
112
*37

3. 25
4 . 28
2.99

2 . 90
* . 25
2.90

2 .9 0 —
3.2 02 .9 0-

3 .05
4.50
2.90

395
395

34
24
10

-

JA NI TO R S. PORTERS. AND C L F A N E R S . . . .
MANUFACTURING.................. ..........................
NONMANUFACTURING......................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

l .5 9 8
193
1 .* 0 5
*3

3 .2 5
*.35
3.10
* .5 0

2 . 90
* . 2*
2 .90
*.16

2 .9 03 .4 52 .9 03.4 1-

3 .1 0
4 .76
3.00
5.19

1003
30
973
1

182
3
179
1

54
1
53
5

-

“

-

-

_

21
21
-

14
14

-

-

-

“

-

-

-

-

14

48
24
24

59
47
12

18
17
1

23

18
12
6

13
9
4

51
51
-

48
15
33

55
55
_

1
1

25
25
22

14
13
13

_

_

-

~

6

“

46
45
1
-

-

23
11
12

9

20
2
18

6
2
4

2
1
1

21
12
9

16
11
5

49
34
15

-

12
12
“

11
2
9

3

1
1

10
7
3

34
34
-

-

3

19
ii
8

12
12
-

-

64
7
57
4

63
31
32
2

23

7
4
3

34
19
15
8

8
7
1
1

30
24
6
4

31
26
5

52
25
27
9

IB
18

8

23
2

9

_

1
1
"

_

_

-

_

_

_

67
-

-

_

-

-

2

-

-

76
76
76

65
65
-

_
-

1
1
-

14
14
~

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

_

-

-

39

-

-

_

3

“

_

_
-

-

1
1

33
33

-

-

-

_

-

7
7
-

3
3

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

7
7
-

6
6
6

-

-

16
16

3

-

_

_

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

39

6
6

-

_

_

-

_

-

4
4

-

_

-

67
19
19

-

5
2
3
-

98

57
57

_

_

-

-

"

20
15
5

See footnotes at end of tables.




2
“

-

-

_
-

-

-

3
3

_
-

_

-

-

-

-

-

“

“




Table A-6. Average hourly earnings of maintenance, toolroom,
powerplant, material movement, and custodial workers, by sex,
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Oc cu p at io n ,

s e x , 3 and ind u s tr y d i v is io n

Number
of
w
orkers

Average
(mean2)
hourly
earnings4

O c cu p a ti o n,

s e x , 3 and in d u s tr y d i v is io n

Average
Num
ber (mean2)
of
hourly
w
orkers earnings 4

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - NE N-- C0NTINUE0

MAINTENANCE. t o o l r o o m » * NO
POWERPLANT OCCUPATIONS - MEN
*7.01

63
57

<*.56
* .56

86

6.05

AND R E C E I V E R S ..............................

5*
51

*.53
9.91

WAREHOUSEMEN.......................................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................

572
321

*.55
*.77

ORDER F I L L E R S ....................................................

216
156

5 .1 1
5.90

NONMANUFACTURING......................................

NONMANUFACTURING......................................
E LE C TR IC IA N S .........................

137

NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

5a

8 . DO

A6
«3

6.88
8.82

222
178
32

6.79
6.29
8 . A7

U T I L I T I E S . . . .........................

l 66
A3
123
96

7.13
7.12
7.1A
7.17

h e l p e r s ....................

so

A . 96

MAINTENANCE

MAINTENANCE

m a c h i n i s t s ..............................

m a n u f a c t u r i n g .............................................

MAINTENANCE
PUBLIC
MAINTENANCE

MECHANICS (M A C H I N E R Y ). .
U T I L I T I E S . . . ............. •••••
mechanics

manufacturing.

PUBLIC

8.*3

. ........................................

SHIPPERS

3A
3A

6 .56
6 .56

BOILER TENOERS............. .. .................................
M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . ................................

A1
A1

5.11

372

5.63

*96

3 .0 8

GUARDS. CLASS 8 ...........................................
MANUFACTURING.............................................

ENGINEERS...................................

2*5

52*
111
*13

3.26
*.2*
2.99

ANO C L E A N E R S . . . .

786

3 .**

NONMANUFACTURING......................................

trades

OPERATORS........................................

NONMANUFACTURING......................................

MAINTENANCE

651
29

3.22
9 .99

796
58
738

3 .03
4.01
2.96

FO R KL IFT

6 .1 A
6.1 A

STATIONARY

material

movement

and

OCCUPATIONS -

custodial

MFN

M A N U F A C T U R I N G . . . . . .................................
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

1 .2 3 1
2AS
986
302

A . 87
5 .16
A . 80 J A N IT O R S .
6.28

TRUCKDRIVERS* LIGHT TRUCK..................
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................

115
105

3 .2 2
3.09

TRUCKORIVERS.

MEDIUM TRUCK................

51C

A . 36

TRUCKDRIVERS.

HEAVY TRUCK..................

197

9.98

TRUCK DRI VERS. TRACTOR-TRA I L F R . . . .
NONMANUFACTURING.....................................
PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S .................................

332
291
16D

6.10
6 .1 A
5 .73

PORTERS.

MATERIAL MOVEMENT AND CUSTODIAL
OCCUPATIONS - WOMEN
J A N IT O R S ,

porters,

and

cleaners.

...

m a n u f a c t u r i n g .............................................

NONMANUFACTURING......................................

See footnotes at end of tables.

9

Table A-7. Percent increases in average hourly earnings for selected occupational groups.
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, V a.—N.C., for selected periods
May 1975

May 1976

May 1977

to

to

to

to

May 1976

Industry and occupational group 5

Mav 1977

Mav 1978

Mav 1979

7.7
(6 )
(‘ )
6.2
7.3

7.7
(6 )
(6 )
9.2
8.2

8.1
11.0
(6 )
7.9
5.3

(‘ )
6)

(6 )
)
(6 )
10.0
8.7

r

(6 )
(6 )
(6 )
8.6
11.0

7.8

8.7
(6 )
(6 )
3.0

May 1978

A ll industries:

Unskilled plant workers

.

..................

.....

6.4
(‘ )
(6 )
7.5
7.0

Manufacturing:
(6 )

Industrial nurses__________________________ ________

n

M
5.3
9.3

6.0
(6 )
(6 )
5.5

Unskilled plant w orkers______________________________

(6 )
8.3
10.4

7.3
(6 )
(‘ )
6.3

Nonmanufac tur ing:
(*)

(6 )
8.2

See footnotes at end of tables.

NOTE:
A revised description for computer operators is being introduced in this area in 1979. The revised description is not considered
equivalent to the previous description. Therefore, the earnings of computer operators are not used in computing percent increases for the electronic
data processing group.




10

Table A-8. Average pay relationships within establishments for white-collar occupations,
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Office clerical occupation being compared—
Occupation which equals 100

Typists

Secretaries
Stenographers,
general
Class B

S E C R E T A R I E S . CL AS S 8 ----------------s e c r e t » r i e s . C L» SS C ----------------------------SE CR E TA R IE S « C LAS S 0 ----------------SECRET ARIES « CL AS S E ----------------------------STENOGRAPHERS. GENERAL ----------------------T Y P I S T S . C LAS S A----------------------------------------T Y P I S T S . C LAS S 8 ----------------------------------------F I L E C L E R K S . CL AS S C ----------------------------MESSENGERS ----------------------------------------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORS -------------------------SWITCHBOARD OPERATORR E C E P T I O N I S T S ---------------------------------------------ORDER C L E R K S . CLASS 8--------------ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS A-----ACCOUNTING C L E R K S . CLASS B-----PAYROLL C LER K S ---------------------------KEY ENTRY OPERATORS. CLASS A—

Class C

100
119
156
<61
(6)
f 61
172
178
146

100
115
134
< 61
<61
152
(6 )
166
141

<6 )
125
150
148
138

135
(6)
139
127
126
112

(6 )

Class D

F ile clerks,
class C
Class A

Class E

M essen­
gers

Class B

Sw itch­
board
operators

100
121
129
(61
139
(6)
139
135

100
<61
110
(6 1
<6t
(61
(6 1

100
(61
104
(61
(61
104

ICO
123
(61
132
107

100
(61
99
96

100
(61
<61

100
90

115
f 6)
98
116
114
99

(61
(6 1
(61
100
91
(61

(61
€61
(61
110
(61
(61

85
€6)
73
97
83
(61

(61
86
(61
(61
(61
72

89
<61
77
85
86
(61

(61
(6 1
83
103
89
(61

A ccou n tin g clerks

Key entry
operators,
class A

Payroll
clerks

Order clerks,
class B
Class A

Class B

100
127
112
117

100
94
96

100

107
(6 1
100
110
104
106

Sw itch­
board
op eratorrecep ­
tionists

100
98
83
100
92
80

103
(61
111
(61
81

100
lie

100

Professional and technical occupation being compared—
C om puter systems analysts (business)

C om puter program mers (business)

C om puter operators
Drafters, class B

Class A

COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CL ASS A----------------COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS
( 8 U S I N E S S ) . CL AS S R----------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CL AS S A----------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ! . CL AS S 8----------------COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS
( B U S I N E S S ) . CL ASS C----------------COMPUTER OPERATORS. CL ASS 8 ---COMPUTER OP ERATORS. CL ASS C---D R A FT E R S . CL ASS 8 ----------------------

Class B

Class A

Class B

Class C

Class B

Class C

100
115
(61
(61

103
124
(6)

100
(61

100
118

100

131

111

IOC

149

130

117

100

(6 1
194
250
150

(61
(61
215
(61

(61
152
194
(61

(61
131
165
(61

100

See footnote at end of tables.

NOTE:
Tables A -8 and A -9 present the average pay relationship between pairs of occupations within establishm ents. For example, a value of 122 indicates the earnings for the occupation
directly above in the heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to the left in the stub. Sim ilarly, a value of 85 indicates earnings for the occupation in the heading
are 15 percent below earnings for the occupation in the stub.
See appendix A for method of computation.




11

Table A-9. Average pay relationships within establishments for blue-collar occupations,
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Maintenance, toolroom , and powerplant occupation being compared—
O c cu p a t io n w hic h equa ls 100

M ech an ics
Carpenters

E lectricians

M achinists

Trades helpers
M achinery

100
94
90

MAINTENANCE CARPENTERS------------MAINTENANCE E L E C T R I C I A N S ---------MAINTENANCE MACHINISTS ------------MAINTENANCE MECHANICS
( MACHINERY! ------------------------------maintenance

100
99

B oiler tenders

Stationary engineers

M otor veh icles

100

(61

105

111

100

(61
115
(6)
(6)

105
(6)
(6)
(6 !

112
(61
(61
192

97
141
99
(6)

m echanics

(MOTOR V E H I C L E S ) ---------------------MAINTENANCE TRADES HELPERS -----ST ATIONARY ENGINEERS ----------------BOILER TENDERS----------------------------

100
139
102
(61

100
(6 1
(6 »

100
(6)

100

M aterial movement and custodial occupation being compared—
Truckdrivers
Shippers
Light truck

TRUCKDRIVERS. LIGHT TRUCK-------TRUCK0RIVERS. MEDIUM TRUCK-----TR UCK0RIVERS. HEAVY TRUCK-------TRUCKDRIVERS. TR AC TO R -T R AI LE R .
SHIPPERS -------------------------------------REC EI VER S------------------------------------SHIPPERS AND R E C E I V E R S ------------WAREHOUSEMEN---------------------------------------------------0R0ER F I L L E R S ------------------------------------------------MATERIAL HANDLING LAR0RERS ----------FO RKL IFT OPERATORS ---------------------------------GUARDS. CLASS R------------------------------------------J A NI TO R S. PO RT ER S. AND
CLEANERS -------------------------------------------------------------

M ediu m truck

H eavy truck

R eceiv ers

Sh ip p ea and
receivers

W a rehousemen

Order fillers

T ractor-trailer

M aterial
han dling
laborers

F orklift operators

Guards, class B

130
(61
(61
(61
(6)
97
(6)
111
(6)
(6)
110
(61

100
(6)
99
(6)
(6)
(6)
101
(61
121
110
117

100
(6)
(6)
(61
(6)
(61
(6)
(61
(61
(61

(61
(6)
(6 )
115
(6)
116
115
160

100
99
(6 )
116
114
114
1C7
(61

100
(6)
116
119
114
108
(61

100
(6>
(61
(6*
(6 •
(6)

100
(61
114
97
127

100
104
97
(61

103
95
111

100
114

100

102

14C

(61

137

106

112

166

116

105

111

109

110

Janitors, porters,
and clean ers

too

100

See footnote at end of tables.

NOTE: Tables
directly above in the
are 15 percent below
See appendix A

A - 8 and A - 9 present the average pay relationship between pairs of occupations within establishments.
For example, a value of 122 indicates that earnings for the occupation
heading are 22 percent greater than earnings for the occupation directly to the left in the stub. Sim ilarly, a value of 85 indicates earnings for the occupation in the heading
earnings for the occupation in the stub.
for method of computation.




12

E s ta b lis h m e n t p ra ctice s and su p p le m e n ta ry w a g e p ro v isio n s
Table B-1. Minimum entrance salaries for inexperienced typists and clerks, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
I n ex per ien ce d typists
M i n i m u m w e e k ly s t r a i g h t - t i m e s a l a r y 7

S10C.00
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
AND
A NO
AN0
AN0
AND
AND
AN0
AND
AND
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
ANO
ANO
AND
AND
ANO
AND
ANO
AND

ESTABLISHMENTS
MINIMUM

STUDIED

HAVING

ESTABLISHMENTS
MINIMUM

*100.00
*105.00
*110.00
*115.00
*120.00
*125.00
*130.00
*135.00
*140.00
*1*5.00
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
*165.00
*170.00
*175.00
*180.00
*185.00
*190.00
*195.00
*200.00
*205.00
*210.00
*215.00
*220.00
*225.00

A ll
in d us tr ie s

O t h e r in e x p e r ie n c e d c l e r i c a l w o r k e r s 8

No nm a nu fa ctu ri n g
4 0 -ho ur
sche du le

A ll
in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t ur in g

Non ma nuf ac tur ing

4 0 -ho ur
sche dule

A ll
sch e d ul es

-------------------

under

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNOER
UNOER
UNDER
UNOER

A ll
sch ed ule s

133

36

97

XXX

133

36

XXX

97

XXX

3

7

5

35

8

6

27

19

i

-

-

-

-

_
2
1

_
2
1
-

1
2
1
12
7
1
2
-

_
_
11
6
i
-

_

*105.00
*110.03
*115.00
*120.00
*125.03
*130.00
*135.03
*1*0.00
*1*5.00
*150.00
*155.00
*160.00
* 1 6 5 . OD
*170.00
*175.00
* 180.00
*185.00
*190.00
*195.00
*200.03
*205.03
*210.00
*215.00
*220.00
*225.00
*230.00

HAVING

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

4 0 -ho ur
sche du le

3 7 V2 -hour

schedule

XXX

-

-

-

-

-

_
3
1

1

3

3
2
2
1
-

i
1

1
-

2
1
~

1
2
i
i*
8
1
2

“
2

-

1
-

-

-

1

“
-

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

i
_
-

_
-

-

-

-

-

-

1
1
1

-

*

1
1

1
1
1

-

-

1
1
2
-

-

1

1
-

-

1
-

%

-

-

NO S P E C I FI E D

ESTABLIS HM ENT S UHICH DID NOT EMPLOY
WORKERS IN THI S CATEGORY -----------------

9

ii*

1

8

XXX

50

13

XXX

37

XXX

XXX

32

82

XXX

*8

15

XXX

33

XX*

XXX

See footnotes at end of tables.




A ll
sch e d u le s

A SPECIFIED

------

UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER
UNDER

All
schedules

10

ES TA BLISHMENTS

UNDER

Ma nu fac tu rin g

13




Table B-2. Late-shift pay provisions for full-time manufacturing production

and related workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
J[A l^ _fu U ^ tim e_jn an u iactu rin £^ rodu ctior^ ^ n d_related_^ ork e £8_=J;OOj>ercent}>
W o r k e r s on late shi fts

A ll workers ’

Item
Second shift

T h i r d shift

Second shift

T h i r d shift

PERCENT OF WORKERS
IN ES TA BLISHMENTS WITH LAT E

S H IF T PROVISIONS

WITH NO PAY D IF FE RE NT I AL FOR LA TE SH IF T WORK
WITH PAY D IF FE RE N TI AL FOR LATE SH IFT WORK —
UNIFORM CENTS-PER-HOUR D I F F E R E N T I A L ----------UNIFORM PERCENTAFE D IF F E R E N T I A L -----------------OTHER D IF F E R E N T I A L ----------------------------------------AVERA6E

82.3

89.9

18.0

A .2

A .3
78.1
32.4
AA .5
1.1

2 .5
67.3
22.8
44.*;

1 .0
17.0
8.6
7 .9
.5

.4
3.8
3 .1
.7

12.3
7 .2

15.7
8 .8

11.8
6 .3

17.9
B .l

PAY D IF FE R E N TI A L

UNIFORM CENTS -PF R-HO UR D IF FE RE N TI AL -------------UNIFORM PERCENTAGE D IF FE R E N TI A L ---------------------PERCENT OF WORKERS BY TYPE AND
AMOUNT OF PAY D IF F E R E N T I A L
UNIFORM c e n t s - p e r - h o u r :
5 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------8 CENTS -------------------------------------------------------9 CENTS -------------------------------------------------------13 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------12 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------13 a n d UNDER 1« CENTS ------------------------------15 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------18 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------20 CENTS -----------------------------------------------------AO CENTS -----------------------------------------------------percentage:
3 AND UNDER A PERCENT ----------------------------5 PERCFNT ---------------------------------------------------6 PERCENT ---------------------------------------------------7 AND UNDER 8 PERCENT ------------------------------10 PERCENT --------------------------------------------------

A. 0
5 .4
3.4
3.9
2 .8
3.1
1 .0
-

8 .9

uniform

l.C
15.5
-

14.2
13.8

See footnotes at end of tab les.

14

-

9 .4
1 .4
2. D
1 .8
2 .0
4 .4
1 .7

_
-

1 .0
16.8
26,7

.9
1 .9
.9
.9
.9
i.i
•4
1 .7

.3
4 .3
2 .1
1.3

1 .0
.2
.3
.2
.3
.5
.5

_
.1
.3
.3

Table B-3. Scheduled weekly hours and days of full-time first-shift workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Office w orkers

P r o d u c t io n and r e la te d w o r k e r s
It em
A l l in d us tr ie s

M a n u fa c t ur in g

N o nm a nu fa c tu r in g

P u b l i c ut il it ie s

A l l in d us tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

N o nm an ufa ctu ri ng

P u b l i c ut ili ti es

PERCENT OF WORKERS BV SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS AND DAYS
WORKERS -------------------

100

HO UR S - 5 O A V S ----------------------------------HO UR S - 5 P A Y S ----------------------------------HO UR S - 3 D A Y S ----------------------------------1/2 HO UR S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------HOURS -----------------------------------------------* DAYS ---------------------------------------------5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------1/2 HOUR S-5 D A Y S ---------------------------HO UR S - 5 D A Y S ----------------------------------1/4 HO U R S- 5 DAYS ---------------------------1/2 HO U R S- 5 D A Y S ---------------------------HOUR S-5 DAYS ----------------------------------1/2 HOU RS -5 D A Y S ---------------------------HOURS-5 D A Y S ----------------------------------3/A HOUR S - 5 D A Y S ---------------------------HOURS -----------------------------------------------4 DAYS ---------------------------------------------5 DAYS ---------------------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------1/2 HOURS-5 DAYS ---------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS ----------------------------------HOURS-6 D A Y S ----------------------------------HOURS-5 DAYS -----------------------------------

1
1
til)
111)
3
i
2
5
i
2
3
1

ALL
17
20
24
27
30

32
35
36
36
37
37
38
38
40

42
42
44
45
48
50

FULL-TINE

IDO

-

2
2
3
-

100

100

_

1
2
1
111)
3
~
3

-

93
93
2
f 11 t

39. 8

_

100

100

_

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

92
92

64
til)
64
4
fill
1
3

39. C

100

.

-

9
i
4
4
2

76
t in
76
1
2
til)
1
2
til)

100

38.4

til)
til)
fill
1
1
1
24
6
2
65
-

65
-

-

1
25

4
73
70

til )
111 1
1
1
1
24
7
2
64
64
-

-

46
54
-

54
-

-

-

-

8
-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 9. 1

39.3

39.1

38. 8

-

-

AVERAGE SCHEDULED
WEEKLY HOURS
ALL

WEEKLY

WORK SCHEDULES -----------------

40.4

See footnotes at end of tables.




15

Table B-4. Annual paid holidays for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
P r o d u c t io n and re la te d w o r k e r s

Office w orkers

Item
A l l in d u s tr ie s

PERCENT
ALL F U L L - T IM E

NUMBER

No nm a nu fa ctu ri n g

P u b l i c u t ili t ie s

IDO

100

100

A l l in du str ies

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

No n m a nu fa c tu ri ng

P u b l i c u t il it ie s

OF WORKERS
WORKERS --------------

IN ESTABLISHMENTS NOT PROVIOINF
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------------IN ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDING
PAID HOLIDAYS -----------------------------AVERAGE

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

OF P A i n

100

7

-

13

93

1DC

87

8. 1

9.6

6 .9

-

100

100

(11)

100

100

<11 )

100

99

100

99

100

8 .8

8.3

8 .3

8.3

9 .4

HOLIDAYS

FOR UORKERS IN ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDING HOLIDAYS --------------------PERCENT OF WORKFRS b y NUMBFR
OF PAID HOLIDAYS PROVIDED
1
2
3
5
6

HOLIDAY ----------------------------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------HCLIOAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------PLUS 3 HALF DAYS ----------------------7 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------8 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------9 HOLIDAYS --------------------------------------PLUS 1 HALF DAY ------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------10 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------11 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------PLUS 2 HALF DAYS ----------------------13 HOLIDAYS ------------------------------------20 HOLIDAYS -------------------------------------

1
3
5
1
21
1
“
12
2
10
IS
(11)
11
a
i
5

2
4
8
2
11
~
13
32

14
2

2
3
5
2
30
(11)
18
3
9
2
1
8
6
2

18
(1 1)
”
13
10
“
6
~
38
16

-

1
2
17
(11)
(11)
10
1
4
83
4
i

12
3
(11)
1

_
_
2
8
2
-

32
-

8
22
-

19
2
5

_
1
2
18
(11 )
(11 )
8
i
4
46
4
i
ii
3
1
-

S ee fo o tn o te s

at en d o f ta b le s




15
1
_
3
_
1
-

6
-

52
21
-

_

13
"

PERCENT OF WORKFRS RY TOTAL
PAID HOLIDAY TIME PR OV IO En 12
1 OAY OR MORE ---------------------------------2 OAVS OR MORE -------------------------------3 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------5 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------6 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------6 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------7 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------7 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------8 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------9 DAYS OR MORE -------------------------------9 1/2 DAYS OR MORE ------------------------10 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------11 DAYS OR MORE -----------------------------12 OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------13 OAYS OR MORE -----------------------------20 0»YS --------------------------------------------

_
_
_

93
91
89
84
83
62
61
49
47
37
22
21
11
6
5
5

100
ICO
98
94
94
86
84
74
74
61
29
29
14
13
13
13

87
85
82
77
78
44
44
31
28
19
17
16
8
2
-

100
100
100
100
100
82
82
70
70
60
60
58
16

99
99
99
99
97
80
80
69
68
68
21
17
4
i
i

100
100
100
100
98
90
87
55
55
87
25
25
7
5
5

99
99
99
99
97
79
79
71
70
66
21
16
4
i
_

100
100
100
100
100
85
88
80
80
79
79
73
21

_

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Office workers

Production and related workers
Item
A l l in d us tr ie s

PERCENT OF
ALL

FULL-TINE

OF

PAID

N o nm a nu fa c tu r in g

WORKERS ------------

VACATION

IDO

IDO

f
t

_

96
92

f
t

IDO
91
9

(111

100

100

6

N o nm an ufa ctu ri ng

100

100

100

-

_

P u b li c ut ili t ie s

100
99
i

100
99
( in

100
99
( in
( in

8
1A
2
(111

35
(111
-

7
33
(111
3

i
15

100

_

10D
99
(111
(111

100
99
(ii i

AFTER! 1
3

15
15
-

1 YEAR OF S E R V IC E !
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -----------------------------

1
65
3
25
1
1

2
70
5
21

35

50
5
A3
-

25
2
6A
2

2

"

“

-

2

10

_

_

30

3A

8
36
(ii i
2

39
2?
-

29
57
13

65

~

“

-

_

80
9
9
-

.

62
2
28
2
~

-

-

58
12
1

61

8
8
81
2
“

5
(in
82
12
1

11
8ft
5

5
( in
81
1A
“

-

1
(111
86
1
(in
12

3
88
-

1
98
1
-

5

1
(111
85
1
13

1
85
1
1
12

2
83
10
5

1
85
i
( in
13

1
98
i

1
63
8
16
12

1
37
10
68
5

1
66
8
12
13

:
1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER I AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS -----------------------------

56
1
1

3 YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNOER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------A WEEKS -----------------------------

11
9
69
6
i
i

13
19
53
13
2
“

9
i
81
2
1

1
(111
88
9
-

A YEARS OF S E R V I C E !
1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER I AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------A WEEKS -----------------------------

1C
8
70
6
i
i

11
19
56
13
2
”

9
i
80
2
1
1

i
( in
88
9
-

5 YEARS OF S F R V I C E !
1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------A WEEKS -----------------------------

5
(111
58
10
22
1

1
55
18
26
“

7
1
61

of

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

_

11
1A
1
(111

years

A l l in d us tr ie s

9ft
9ft
(in
(in

6 HONTHS OF S E R V I C E !
UNDER 1 WEEK -------------------1 WEEK ------------------------------OVER 1 AND UNDER 2 WEEKS
2 WEEKS -----------------------------

2

P u b l i c ut il it ie s

WORKERS

IN E ST A RL IS HN EN TS NOT PROVIDING
PAID VACATIONS --------------------------IN E ST A RL IS HN EN TS PROVIOINE
PAID VACATIONS --------------------------L E N G T H -O F -T I N E PAYHENT ---------PERCE NTA6E PAYHENT ----------------OTHER PAYHENT -------------------------AHOUNT

M a n uf a c t ur in g

5

3A
1

servicf

f
t

“

_
71
9
19

f
t

20
1

~

See footnotes at end of tables.




17

f
t

6
93
i

-

87
13

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979— Continued
P r o d u c t i o n and re la te d w o r k e r s

Office w orkers

Item
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

5

No n m a nu fa c tu ri ng

P u b l i c ut il it ie s

A l l indus tr ies

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

N o nm a nu fa c tu r in g

P u b l i c u t il it ie s

AMOUNT OF P»IO VACATION AFTER
CONTINUED
io

12

is

20

year s of s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER A WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -----------------------------

23
1
59
6
3

1
28
1
53
13
4

-

-

-

YEARS OF SE R V IC E :
1 WEEK ------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS -----------------------------

5
15
1
65
6
a
-

i
13
3
64
13
7

7
16
(111
67
1
2

YEARS OF s e r v i c e :
1 WEEK ------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNDER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 4 ANO UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 5 ANO UNOER 6 WEEKS
:
1 WEEK ------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNDER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER « WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 4 AND UNDER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS
6 WEEKS ----------------------------years

of

“

5
12
aa
2
33
-

7
19
(11)
64
1
2

5
(11 1
84
9
(11 I
-

5
84
9
( in
-

"
1
13
“
43
43
-

1

_

7
11
45
3
26
“
1

5
68
9
16

25 YEARS OF S E R V IC E :
1 WEEK ------------------------------2 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 2 AND UNOER 3 WEEKS
3 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 3 AND UNOER 4 WEEKS
4 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 4 AND UNOER 5 WEEKS
5 WEEKS ----------------------------OVER 5 AND UNOER 6 WEEKS
6 WEEKS -----------------------------

S e e fo o tn o te s

s

5
12
-

18
(11 )
32
1
29
1

1
13
14
53
19
“

1
13
13
33
-

41
-

7
ii
24
(111
42
1
6
1
“

1
8
6
70
15
(11)
1

1
10
2
62
-

_

7
11
21
(111
31
1
20
1

5

12
18
9
54

-

18

95

-

-

3
-

i
i

95
-

5

1
7
6
71
14
(111
“

1
5
2
55
(111
24
(111
1
11

1
10
41
2
42
5
”

1
5
3
57
22
(11 )
(11 )
13

3
74
23
1
-

1
5

1
10
14
55
17
5

1
5
(ii i
18
( in
62
(11 )
1
13
(11 I

i
10

1
5
(11 )
16
(11 1
47
(11 )
18
13
(11 1

(i
12
“
71
9
( in
-

1
9
6
70
14
(11 )

5

at end o f ta b le s .




1
19
57
19

_

service

12
20
<111
46
1
ii
i
“

1
10
5
68
15
(11)
1

d

17
(11)
62
(11)
3
11
1

1
5
(in
16
(111
46
(i d
20
11
1

5

20

-

14
38
33
5

3
-

1
1
~

”

3
11
85
1
-

3
-

11

13
1
73
-

Table B-5. Paid vacation provisions for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979— Continued
Production and related workers

Office workers

It em

All industries

AMOUNT OF P*IO
CONTINUFO
33

VACATION

•
5
12
~

1
13
~
13

Public utilities

Nonmanufacturing

All industries

Manufacturing

Nonmanufacturing

Public utilities

AFTER1 3

TEARS OF S E R V I C E :*
1 WEEK -----------------------------------------2 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 2 »ND UNDER 3 WEEKS ---------3 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 3 *N0 UNOPR « WEEKS ---------« WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER < »ND IJNDFR 5 W E E K S ---------•
5 WEEKS ---------------------------------------OVER 5 AND UNDER 6 WEEKS ---------6 WEEKS ----------------------------------------

*

Manufacturing

IS

(11 >
29
1
24
1

7

33
25
-

7
5

ii

-

-

21
<11»
27
1
2#
1

12

3
9
69

-

16

Estim ates of provisions for longer periods of service are identical.

See footnotes at end of tables.




19

1
5

(111
16
(111
#5
(111
20
11
2

1
10
ia

37

25
1A

i

5
(111
16
(111
46
( i n

20
13
(111

-

3
-

11
-

7
1
78
-

Table B-6. Health, insurance, and pension plans for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—
Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
P r o d u c t io n and re la te d w o r k e r s

Office w orkers

Item
A l l in d u s tr ie s

M anuf a c tu r ing

N o nm a nu fa c tu r in g

P u b l i c ut il it ie s

A l l in du str ies

M a n u fa c t u ri n g

No n m a n u fa c tu r in g

P u b l i c u t il it ie s

PERCENT OF WORKERS
WORKERS -------------------

IOC

130

IN eSTANLISMNENTS PROVIDING a t
LEAST ONE OF THE RF NE E IT S
SHOWN « E L 0 U u --------------------------------------

9S

L I F E INSURANCE ------------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS --------------------

R1
67

heath
tun
DISNENBERNENT i n s u r a n c e ------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV P L A N S --------- -----------

ALL

FULL-TINE

100

100

100

ICO

IDO

100

ICO

91

100

99

100

99

100

98
89

86
51

99
73

98
79

100
85

98
78

100
78

76
55

78
69

74
44

83
71

76
61

62
47

77
63

74
73

80

91

72

89

9tt

R1

96

97

63
46

82
64

49
32

62
51

68
57

56
A3

70
59

59
59

36

33

9

7

LONG-TERN D IS A R I L IT V
I N S U R A N C E ------------------------------- — --------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS --------------------

27
1A

HOSPITALIZATION I N S U R A N C E ---------- -----NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ---------------------

accidental

SICKNESS
OR SICK

ANC ACCIDENT INSURANCE
OR BOTH > --------------------’

leave

SICKNESS AND ACCIDENT
I N S U R A N C E ----------------- ---------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ----------------SICK LEAVF (F UL L PAV AND NO
WAITING PERIOD 1 ----------------------------SICK LEAVE (P ART IA L PAV OR
WAITING PERIOD > -----------------------------

38

61

68

60

69

94

ii

10

5

8

5

2

34
17

2?
12

35
32

A5
36

3A
16

46
39

58
55

92
55

ICC
73

86
43

99
63

99
5A

97
63

99
53

100
68

SUR6ICAL INSURANCE ----------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ---------------------

9?
56

IOC
73

87
43

99
63

99
5A

97
63

99
53

100
68

NEOICAL INSURANCE ------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ---------------------

91
56

100
73

8A
A3

99
63

98
54

97
63

98
53

100
68

RAJOR REOICAL INSURANCE --------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ---------------------

8C
44

7A
48

85
A1

98
62

99
5»

97
62

99
53

100
68

DENTAL i n s u r a n c e --------------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ---------------------

22
1A

21
17

2A
13

55
21

38
8

23
20

40
6

75
15

RETIRE RENT P E N S I O N ----------------------------NONCONTRIRUTORV PLANS ---------------------

72
57

93
75

57
44

A5
19

67
53

92
66

6A
51

44
21

See footnotes at end of tab les




Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979
Production and related workers
All industries

Item

All
plans 16

TYPE

(NOUNT OF INSURANCE IS RASED ON A SCHEDULE
WHICH IN D IC A TE S A S P E C I F I E D DOLLAR ANOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A S P E C I F I E D LENETH OF S E R V IC E :
PERCENT OF ALL P'JL L- TT NE WORKERS17-------------------------a nount of i n s u r a n c f
provided1 a fter :
8
6 n o r t h s of s e r v i c e :
n e a n -------------------------------------------------------------------------NEOIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------NIDDLE RANEE (S O P FRC EN T) -----------------NIDDLE RANEE (8 0 P ER CF NT) -----------------i y e a r of s e r v i c e :
N E A N --------------------------------------------------------MEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------NIOOLE RANEE (SO PER CEN T) -----------------NIDDLE RANEE ( 8 0 P ER CF NT) -----------------S YEARS OP s e r v i c e :
n e a n -------------------------------------------------------NEOIAN ----------------------------------------------------NIODLE RANEE <50 PER CEN T) -----------------NIDDLE RANEE (80 PER CENT) -----------------10 YEARS o f s e r v i c e :

20

*n

Noncontributory
plans 1
8

All
plans 1
6

Noncontributory
plans 1
6

All
plans 1
6

Manufacturing

Noncontributory
plans 1
6

All
plans 1
6

Noncontributory
plans 1
6

OP PL»N »ND SNOUNT
OP INSURANCE

ALL F U L L - T I P P WORKERS ARE PROVIOEO THE SANE
F L A T - S U N HOLLAR a n o u n t :
“ ERCENT OF ALL P U L L - T I N E WORKERS17-------------------------ANOUNT OF INSURANCE P R O V I O F D : 1
8
H F A N -------------------------------------------------------------------------HEOIAN --------------------------------------------------------------------NIODLE PANEE (SO PER CENT) -----------------------NIOOLE RANEE <80 PER CENT) ------------------------

h f

Office workers
A ll industries

Manufacturing

-------------------------------------------------

HFDIAN ---------------------------------------------NIDDLE RANEE (S O PER CEN T) ---------------HI DOLE RANFE ( BO PERC ENT ) ---------------YEARS OP s e r v i c e :
n e a n -------------------------------------------------

HEOIAN ---------------------------------------------HIOOLE RANPF <5C P ER CF NT) ---------------HI DO LE R A NPE ( 5 0 PER CEN T) ----------------

49
44,6C0
* 4, 0 0 0
* 2 . 5 0 0 - 5.CDC
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 . D3C

6

* 2 . A03
(6 )
(6)
(6)

35
44,40C
43*500
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 5 .C C0
* 1 . 5 0 0 - 1 0 . OCC

51
44,600
*3.003
* 3 .0 0 0 - 5.000
* 2.03 0 -10 .3 0 0

4

7

7

(A)

(6 )

(A*
(61
(6)

(A)

(6 1
(6 1
(A 1
(A 1

* 3. 0 0 0
*2.500
* 2 . 5 0 0 - 5 .0 0C
* 1 . 0 0 0 - 5 .0 0 0

*2.500

* 5 . 10D
* 5. 0 0 0
* 2 . 8 0 0 - 7 .5 00
* 2.800-10.000

*4.50?

*5.100
* 5. 00 0
* 3 . 0 0 0 - 7 .5 C0
S 3 . C 0 0 - 1 0 . 030

* 4 .AO 3

45*400
* 5. 00 0
* 3 . 5 0 0 - 7.5DC
*3.500-10.030

44.900
(6 )
(6)

(A)
(A)
(A)

(A)
(A)
(A)

(Al
(A)
(A*

(A)

(6 )
(A)

*2.133

*2.100

(A)

(Al

(A)
(6 )

(A 1
(A 1

45.4DC

*3.400

(A)

(Al

(A)

(A 1

(A)

(Al

* 3 . AOO

* 3 . AOO

2R
*5,300
*5.3C0
* 5 . 0 3 0 - 5.CDQ
* 2.00 0 - 7,530

1

(61
( Al

(6)
(6 )
( Al
(6)

( Al

21

-

-

(61

(61
<61

-

-

( Al

-

-

-

(61

-

-

<A l
( Al

-

-

-

-

(61

-

-

(6 )
(61
(6 )

(A)

(Al

(A )

(A 1

(6)
(6 )

?4
* 3 , POO
*3.000
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 5 ,0 00
* 2 . 0 0 0 - 8 .0 0 0

(61
(6 )
(6)

(6 1

(A)

28
44*300
* t .OO?
* 2 . 0 3 0 - 5 .0 0 0
* 2 . 0 0 3 - 8 .0 0 0

(111

( Al
(A)

(6 )

45,900

22
44 » ROT
S 5 .0 0 C
* 4 . DCC- 5 . COO
* 2 . COD- 7 . 5 0 0

(61
(6 )

(Al

See footnotes at end of tables.




45
44,200
*3.000
* 3 .0 0 0 - 5,000
* 2.00 0 -10 .0 0 0

( Al

( Al

(61

(A 1

(6 )

( Al

* 3 • RO 0

( Al

(Al

(Al
(Al
(A 1

(6 )
(61
(6)

(61

(61
( Al

-

-

Table B-7. Life insurance plans for full-time workers, Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N.C., May 1979 — Continued
Production and related workers
A ll industries

Item

All
plans

Noncontributory
plans 16

18

Office workers

Manufacturing
Ail
plans 1
6

All industries

Noncontributory
plans 1
6

All
plans 1
6

Manufacturing

Noncontributory
plans 16

All
plans 1
6

Noncontributory
plans 1
6

TYPE OP PL * N AND AMOUNT
OF INSIJRANCE-CONTTNUEO

9

18

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS EXPRESSED AS A FACTOR OF
annual e a r n i n g s : 1
9
PERCENT OF ALL FU LL - TI M E WORKERS17-------------------FACTOR OF ANNUAL EARNINFS USFO TO CALCULATE
AMOUNT OF i n s u r a n c e : 1
8
m e a n -------------------------------------------------------m e d i a n ---------------------------------------------------MIDOLE RANEE (50 PER CENT! -----------------MIDDLE RANFF (8 0 P FRC FNT ! ------------------PERCENT OF ALL FU LL - TI M E WORKERS COVERED RY
PLANS NOT SPECI FYI NG A MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------------------PERCENT OF »L L F U LL - TI M E WORKERS COVERED R Y
plans

specifying

a

maximum

amount

ON SOMF OTHER

’7
O

16

6

16

* 1 1 .5 0 0
(6)
(6 1
(6!

(6
(6
(6
(6

»

1
1
!
1

* 1 0 .000-22.000

*10 .0 00 -20 .0 0 0

*10.000-25.300

* 1 0 . 0 0 0 - 2 5 . COO

S1 1 .5 3C -1 2.50 0
*10.0 0 0-2 0 .5 00

* 1 6 .9 0 0
* 2 0 .5 0 0
*12.5 0 0-2 0 .5 00
*10.0 0 0-2 0 .5 00

!
!

* 7 , 500
* 5.000-11.000
*5.000-12.500

18*20-3
* 7 . 50C
* 5.00 0 -12 .0 0 0
* 5 .00 0 -12 .5 0 0

18*603
*7.500
* 5 .5 0 C - 9,000
* 5.000-15.000

* 1 5 .5 0 0
* 1 5 , COO

116*003
*15.000

*12 .0 00

0C3

* 1 1 .6 0 0
* 1 5 .0 0 0
* 7,50 0 -15 .0 0 0
* 5.000-15,000

*5 * 0 0 0 - ! 2 » S3 0

*

1

I)
N

24

* 5 .0 0 0 -1 2 .sac

* 5 . OCO—1 2 . 5 0 0

* 1 3 .8 0 0
* 1 2 . SOO
* 1 0 . COO -1 5.CO C

* 1 2 .2 00

* 1 0 .0 00 -22 .0 0 0

*11.9 0 D
S1 2.5 DD
* 12 .0 0 0-1 2 .5 00
*10,0 0 0-1 2 .5 00

(6 1
(61
(61

(6
(6
(6
(6

* 1 9 .1 0 0
* 1 6 .5 0 0
* 15.000-25.000
* 10 .0 0 0-3 0 .0 03

* 1 7 .0 0 0
*16.500
* 15 .0 0 0-1 6 .5 00
* 10 .0 0 0-3 0 .0 00

* 1 8 .1 0 0
(61
(6!
(6!

(6
(6
(6
(6

1
»
1
1

* 22 .7 0 0
* 22 .5 0 0
* 1 5 . 0 0 0 - 3C.OCO
* 1 2 . 5 0 0 - 3 7 . 5CC

* 2 4 . 10P
* 22 .5 0 0
*15.0 0 0-3 0 .0 00
*15.0 0 0-3 7 .5 00

120*900
* 1 7 .5 0 0
*16.5 0 0-3 0 .0 00
*15.0 0 0-3 0 .5 00

* 2 5 .8 0 0
130* *>
00
*17,5 0 0-3 0 .5 00
* 15 .0 00-30.500

* 29 ,1 0 0
(61
(6!
(61

(61
(6 t
(6 »
(6 1

* 2 9 ,9 0 3
* 3 0 .0 0 0
*20.000-92.000
*20.000-50,000

*31.500
*30.000
*20.0 0 0-9 0 .0 00
* 20.000-50.000

* 2 8 .9 0 0
* 2 5 ,0 0 0
* 25 .000-90.300
*20.0 0 0-9 0 .5 00

1 3 4 .1 0 0
140* 500
*22.5 0 0-9 0 .5 00
*20.0 0 0-9 0 .5 00

* 2 * . TOC
*2 2 .0 00

S20.C00-3C.CD0
*10*000-92.00C

19

1.69
2 . DC
1.00-2.00
1 .0 0-3 .0 °

122*200
*22.00.0

1 2 0 * 0 0 0 -2 2 * 3 00
*13.0 0 0-9 0 .0 00

17

1.59
2 .0 C
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
1 . 0 0 - 2 . DC

!

23

23

1.85

1.85
(6 I
(6 I
(6 1

1.46
l.C C
1 . 0 0 - 2 . DC
1 .0 0-2 .5 0

1.32
1.00
1 . C O - 1 . 50
1 . 0 0 - 2 . CO

11

(61
(61

38

19

13

18

18

14

4

4

6

6

29

* 5 8 .7 0 0
* 30 .0 0 0
* 1 5 . 0 0 0 - 1 0 0 . COO
*15.0 0 0-1 0 0.00 0

* 5 8 .7 0 0
* 30 .0 0 0
*15.000-100.000
*15.0 0 0-1 0 0.00 0

(6!
(61
(61
(61

(6
(6
(6
(6

1
1
1
1

194*403
* 10 0 .0 00
* 50 .000-150.300
*30.000-150.300

34

23
193*403
* 7 5 .0 0 0
4 S P .D O O -1 S C .C O O
* 30 .0 0 0-1 5 0,00 0

* 1 3 .7 0 0

52

1 .3 1
1 .0 0
1.0 C -2 .0 0
.5 0 -2 .0 0

30

22
* 3 6 .5 0 0
(61
(61
(61

51

1 .3 0
1 .0 0
1 .0 0 -2 .0 0
.50-2.00

29

22
* 3 6 .5 0 0
(6 1
(6 1
(6 1

TYPE

WORKERS17--------------------

t

1

2

S e e f o o t n o t e s at e n d o f t a b l e s .




19

of

INSURANCE ----------------------------------------------------------specified
ma x imum a m o u n t of i n s u r a n c e : 1
8
-------------------------------------------------------Mpn iAk ---------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANFE (SO PER CEN T! -----------------MIDDLE RANFF (8 0 P FRC FNT ! ------------------

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE I S RASED
o f p l »n :
PERCENT OF ALL FU LL - TI M E

15

*9.700
* 12 .5 0 0

* 9, 1 0 0
*10 .0 00

U
t

-------------------------------------------------------------------

ME o I A N -------------------------------------------------------------MI DOLE RANEE (SC d FRCFNT) ---------------------MIDDLE RANFF ( 8 0 PF RCFNT) ---------------------ANNUAL EARNINGS ARE S 1 0 . 0 9 P :
MFftW ------------------------------------------------------------------MEDIAN -------------------------------------------------------------HI DOLE RANFF (S C PER CEN T! -----------------MIDDLE RANEE ( 8 0 PER CEN T! -----------------ANNUAL EARNINFS ARE * 1 S . C C 3 :
ME • N -------------------------------------------------------M F n i l N ---------------------------------------------------MIDDLE RANFE (SO PER CENT! ------------------MIDDLE RANFE («C PER CENT! -----------------ANNUAL EARNINFS APE * 2 0 . C P?:
M F * N -------------------------------------------------------m e d i a n ---------------------------------------------------N1DULF RANFF (SO P FRC FNT ! -----------------MIDDLE RANEE ( 8 0 P F R C F N T ! -------------------

o
0

AMOUNT OF INSURANCE IS PASEO ON » SCHEDULE
WHICH INDICATES A SP E C I FI E D DOLLAR AMOUNT OF
INSURANCE FOR A SP E C I FI E D AMOUNT OF EARNINGS:
PERCENT OF AL L FU LL - T IM E WORK FR S 17-----------------------AMOUNT OF INSURANCE PROVIDEI!18 I F :
ANNUAL EARNINFS ARE S 5 . 0 C 0 :

22

2

7

7

4

4

Footnotes

S om e o f th e se stan dard fo o tn o te s m a y not apply to th is bu lletin .

1 Standard h ou rs r e fle c t the w ork w eek fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
th e ir re g u la r s t r a ig h t-tim e s a la r ie s (e x clu siv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at r e g ­
ular a n d /o r p r e m iu m r a t e s ), and the earn in gs c o rr e s p o n d to th ese w eek ly
h ours.
2 The m ea n is com p u ted fo r each jo b by totaling the earn in gs o f
all w o r k e r s and divid in g by the num ber o f w o r k e r s .
The m ed ian d e s ig ­
nates p o s itio n — h a lf o f the w o r k e r s r e c e iv e the sam e or m o r e and h a lf r e ­
c e iv e the sa m e o r le s s than the rate shown. The m iddle ran ge is defin ed
by tw o r a te s o f pay; a fou rth o f the w o rk e r s ea rn the sam e o r le s s than
the lo w e r o f th e se r a te s and a fou rth earn the sam e o r m o r e than the
h igh er r a te .
3 E a rn in gs data r e la te on ly to w o rk e r s w h ose sex id e n tifica tio n w as
p r o v id e d by the esta b lis h m e n t.
4 E x clu d e s p r e m iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and for w ork on w eek en d s,
h o lid a y s , and late sh ifts.
5 E s tim a te s fo r p e r io d s ending p r io r to 1976 rela te to m en only fo r
s k ille d m a in ten an ce and u n sk illed plant w o r k e r s . A ll oth er estim a te s r e ­
late to m en and w om en .
6 Data do not m e e t p u b lica tion c r it e r ia or data not a v a ila b le.
7 F o r m a lly e s ta b lis h e d m in im u m reg u la r stra ig h t-tim e h irin g s a l­
a r ie s that a re paid fo r stan dard w ork w eek s.
Data are p r e se n te d fo r all
stan dard w ork w eek s c o m b in e d , and fo r the m ost com m on stan dard w o r k ­
w eek s r e p o r t e d .
8 E x clu d e s w o r k e r s in s u b c le r ic a l jo b s such as m e s s e n g e r .
9 In clu d es a ll p r o d u c tio n and re la te d w o rk e r s in esta b lish m en ts
c u r re n tly o p e ra tin g late s h ifts , and esta b lish m en ts w hose fo r m a l p r o v is io n s
c o v e r la te s h ifts , ev en th ou gh the esta b lish m en ts w e re not c u rre n tly
op era tin g la te s h ifts.
10 L e s s than 0.05 p e r c e n t.
11 L e s s than 0.5 p e r c e n t.
12 A ll c om b in a tion s o f fu ll and h alf days that add to the sam e am ount;
fo r e x a m p le , the p r o p o r t io n o f w o rk e r s r e ce iv in g a tota l o f 10 days
in clu d e s th o s e w ith 10 fu ll days and no h alf days, 9 fu ll days and 2
h alf d a y s , 8 fu ll days and 4 h a lf da ys, and so on, P r o p o r t io n s then
w e r e cu m u la ted.




13 In clu d es paym en ts oth er than "len g th o f t i m e , " such as p ercen ta g e
o f annual ea rn in g s o r fla t-s u m p a ym en ts, co n v e rte d to an equivalent tim e
b a s is ; fo r e x a m p le , 2 p e rce n t o f annual earn in g s w as c o n s id e r e d as 1 w eek 's
pay. P e r io d s o f s e r v ic e a re ch osen a r b itr a r ily and do not n e c e s s a r ily r e fle c t
in dividu al p r o v is io n s fo r p r o g r e s s io n ; fo r e x a m p le , changes in p rop ortion s
at 10 y e a r s in clu de changes betw een b and 10 y e a r s . E stim a tes are cu m u la­
tiv e . T h u s, the p r o p o r tio n e lig ib le fo r at lea st 3 w e e k s ' pay after 10 y ea rs
in clu d es th o se e lig ib le fo r at le a st 3 w e e k s ' pay a fter few er y e a r s o f s e r v ic e .
14 E stim a tes lis te d after type o f ben efit are fo r all plans fo r w hich
at le a s t a p a rt o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r .
"N on con trib u tory
p la n s " in clu d e on ly th ose fin an ced e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r . E x clu ded are
le g a lly r e q u ir e d p la n s , su ch as w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility co m p en sa tion , s o c ia l s e ­
c u r ity , and r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t.
15 U ndu plicated to ta l o f w o r k e r s r e c e iv in g s ick le a v e o r s ick n e ss and
a ccid en t in su ra n ce shown se p a ra te ly b e lo w . S ick lea v e plans are lim ited to
th o se w hich d e fin ite ly e sta b lis h at lea st the m in im u m num ber o f d a y s ' pay
that ea ch e m p lo y e e can e x p e ct. In fo rm a l s ic k lea v e a llow a n ces determ in ed
on an in dividu al b a s is a re e x clu d ed .
16 E stim a tes under " A ll p la n s " r e la te to all plains for w hich at least
a part o f the c o s t is b orn e by the e m p lo y e r . E stim a tes under "N o n co n trib ­
utory p la n s " in clu d e on ly th o se fin a n ced e n tir e ly by the e m p lo y e r .
17 F o r " A ll in d u s t r ie s ," all fu ll-tim e p rod u ction and re la te d w ork ers
o r o ffic e w o r k e r s equ al 100 p e r c e n t.
F o r "M a m u fa ctu rin g," all fu ll-tim e
p rod u ction and r e la te d w o r k e r s o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in m anu factu ring equal 100
p e r ce n t.
18 The m ean am ount is com pu ted by m u ltiply in g the num ber o f
w o r k e r s p r o v id e d in su ra n ce by the am ount o f in su ra n ce p r o v id e d , totaling
the p r o d u c ts , and dividing the sum by the n um ber o f W ork ers. The mediam
in d ica tes that h a lf o f the w o rk e r s a re p r o v id e d an am ount equal to or sm a ller
and h alf an am ount equ al to o r la r g e r than the am ount shown. M iddle
rarnge (50 p e r ce n t)— a fou rth o f the w o r k e r s are p r o v id e d an amount equal to
o r le s s than the s m a lle r am ount and a fou rth are p r o v id e d an amount equal
to or m o r e than the la r g e r am ount. M iddle ran ge (80 p e rce n t)— 10 p ercen t o f
the w o r k e r s are p r o v id e d an am ount equ al to o r le s s than the sm a ller
am ount and 10 p e r ce n t a re p r o v id e d an amount equ al to or m o r e than the
la r g e r am ount.
19 A fa c to r o f annual earn in g s is the n um ber by w hich annual earnings
a re m u ltip lie d to d eterm in e the am ount o f in su ra n ce p ro v id e d . F o r exam ple,
a fa c to r o f 2 in d ica te s that fo r annual ea rn in g s o f $ 1 0 ,0 0 0 the amount o f
in su ra n ce p r o v id e d is $ 2 0 ,0 0 0 .

Appendix A.
Scope and Method
of Survey
In ea ch o f the 72 1 a rea s cu r re n tly s u r v e y e d , the B u reau obtains
w ages and re la te d b en efits data fr o m re p re s e n ta tiv e e sta b lish m en ts within
six b roa d in d u stry d iv is io n s : M an u factu rin g; tr a n sp o rta tio n , co m m u n ica tion ,
and oth er p u b lic u tilitie s ; w h o le sa le tra d e ; r e ta il tr a d e ; fin a n ce , in su r a n ce ,
and r e a l e sta te ; and s e r v ic e s . G overn m en t o p e ra tio n s and the con stru ction
and e x tr a c tiv e in d u stries are e x clu d ed . E sta b lish m en ts having fe w e r than a
p r e s c r ib e d n u m b er o f w o r k e r s a re a lso e x clu d ed b e c a u s e o f in su fficien t
em p loym en t in the occu p a tion s studied. A ppendix table 1 show s the n um ber
o f e sta b lish m en ts and w o r k e r s e stim a te d to be w ithin the sc o p e o f this
s u r v e y , as w e ll as the n u m ber actu a lly studied.
B u reau fie ld r e p re s e n ta tiv e s obtain data by p e r s o n a l v is it s at 3 -y e a r
in te r v a ls . In ea ch o f the tw o in terven in g y e a r s , in fo rm a tio n on em p loym en t
and o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in g s on ly is c o lle c t e d by a com b in a tion o f p e r s o n a l
v is it , m a il q u e stio n n a ir e , and telep h on e in te rv ie w fr o m esta b lish m en ts
p a rticip a tin g in the p r e v io u s s u rv e y .

A sa m p le o f the e sta b lish m en ts in the s c o p e o f the su rv e y is
s e le c t e d fo r study p r io r to ea ch p e r s o n a l v is it su r v e y .
T h is s a m p le , le s s
e sta b lish m e n ts w h ich go out o f b u sin e s s o r are no lo n g e r w ithin the in d u stria l
s c o p e o f the s u r v e y , is reta in ed fo r the fo llo w in g tw o annual s u r v e y s . In
m o s t c a s e s , e sta b lis h m e n ts new to the a re a are not c o n s id e r e d in the sc o p e
o f the su rv e y until the s e le c t io n o f a sa m p le fo r a p e r s o n a l v is it su rv e y .
The sa m p lin g p r o c e d u r e s in v o lv e d eta iled s t ra tifica tio n o f all
e sta b lish m en ts w ithin the s c o p e o f an in d iv id u al a r e a su r v e y by in du stry
and n u m ber o f e m p lo y e e s .
F r o m th is stra tifie d u n iv e rse a p ro b a b ility
sa m p le is s e le c t e d , w ith e a c h esta b lish m en t having a p r e d e te r m in e d chance
o f s e le c tio n .
T o obtain op tim u m a c c u r a c y at m in im u m c o s t , a g r e a te r
p r o p o rtio n o f la rg e than s m a ll e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d . When data are
c o m b in e d , e a ch esta b lish m en t is w eigh ted a c c o r d in g to its p r o b a b ility o f
s e le c t io n so that u nbiased e s tim a te s a re g en era ted .
F o r e x a m p le , i f one
out o f fo u r e sta b lis h m e n ts is s e le c t e d , it is g iven a w eigh t o f 4 to r e p re s e n t
it s e lf plus th r e e o th e r s .
An altern a te o f the sa m e o r ig in a l p r o b a b ility is
ch osen in the sa m e in d u s t r y -s iz e c la s s ific a t io n if data a re not av ailab le
fr o m the o r ig in a l sa m p le m e m b e r . If no su itable su bstitu te is a v a ila b le ,
ad ditional w eigh t is a ssig n ed to a sa m p le m e m b e r that is s im ila r to the
m is s in g unit.

Included in the 72 areas are 2 studies conducted by the Bureau under contract. These areas are
Akron, Ohio and Poughkeepsie-Kingston-Newburgh, N. Y. In addition, the Bureau conducts more limited
area studies in approximately 100 areas at the request of the Employment Standards Administration of the
U. S. Department of Labor.




O ccu p ation s and earn ings
O ccupations se le cte d fo r study are com m on to a v a rie ty o f m a n u fa c­
turing and nonm anufacturing in d u s tr ie s , and a re o f the follow in g ty p es: (1)
O ffice c le r ic a l; (2) p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l; (3) m a in ten an ce, t o o lr o o m ,
and pow erplan t; and (4) m a te ria l m ov em en t and cu stod ia l. O ccu p ation a l
c la s s ific a tio n is ba sed on a u n iform set o f jo b d e s cr ip tio n s design ed to take
accoun t o f in terestablish m en t v a ria tion in duties within the sam e jo b .
O ccu p ation s s e le cte d fo r study are lis te d and d e s c r ib e d in appendix B.
U nless oth erw ise in d icated , the ea rn in gs data fo llo w in g the jo b title s
are fo r all in d u stries com bined. E arn in gs data fo r som e o f the occu p a tion s
lis te d and d e s c r ib e d , o r fo r som e in du stry d iv is io n s w ithin the sco p e o f the
s u rv e y , are not p resen ted in the A - s e r i e s ta b le s b eca u se e ith e r (1) e m p lo y ­
m ent in the occu pation is too sm a ll to p r o v id e enough data to m e r it p r e s e n ­
ta tion , o r (2) th ere is p o s sib ility o f d is c lo s u r e o f in dividu al esta b lish m en t
data. Separate m e n 's and w om en 's earn in g s data are not p r e se n te d when the
n u m ber o f w ork ers not id en tified by sex is 20 p e rce n t o r m o r e o f the m en
o r w om en id en tified in an occu p ation .
E a rn in gs data not shown sep a ra tely
fo r in du stry d iv ision s are in clu ded in data fo r all in d u strie s com b in ed .
L ik e w is e , fo r occu pation s with m o r e than one le v e l, data are in cluded in
the o v e r a ll c la s s ific a tio n when a s u b c la s s ific a tio n is not shown o r in form a tion
to s u b c la s s ify is not a vailab le.
O ccu p ation al em ploym ent and ea rn in g s data are shown fo r fu ll-tim e
w o r k e r s , i . e . , th ose h ired to w ork a re g u la r w eek ly sch ed u le.
E arnings
data ex clu d e p rem iu m pay fo r o v e rtim e and fo r w ork on w eek en d s, h olid a y s,
and late sh ifts.
N onproduction b on u ses are e x clu d e d , but c o s t -o f-liv in g
a llow a n ces and in cen tive bon u ses are in clu d ed . W eekly hours fo r o ffic e
c le r ic a l and p r o fe s s io n a l and te c h n ic a l occu p a tion s r e fe r to the standard
w orkw eek (rounded to the n ea rest h alf h ou r) fo r w hich e m p lo y e e s r e c e iv e
re g u la r stra ig h t-tim e sa la rie s (e x clu siv e o f pay fo r o v e rtim e at reg u la r
a n d /o r p rem iu m ra tes). A v era g e w eek ly ea rn in g s fo r th ese occu p a tion s
are rounded to the n ea rest half d o lla r . V e r t ic a l lin es w ithin the d istribu tion
o f w o r k e r s on som e A -ta b le s in d icate a change in the s iz e o f the c la s s
in te r v a ls .
T h ese su rv ey s m ea su re the le v e l o f o ccu p a tio n a l ea rn in gs in an a rea
at a p a rticu la r tim e . C om p a rison s o f in d iv id u al occu p a tion a l a v e ra g e s o v e r
tim e m ay not r e fle c t ex p ected w age ch a n g es.
The a v era g es fo r individu al
jo b s a re a ffected by changes in w ages and em p loym en t pa ttern s. F o r exam ple,
p r o p o rtio n s of w o rk e r s em p loyed b y h ig h - o r low -w a g e fir m s m ay change,
o r h igh -w ag e w o rk e r s m ay advance to b e tte r jo b s and be re p la c e d by new
w o r k e r s at lo w e r ra tes. Such sh ifts in em p loym en t oould d e c r e a s e an
occu p a tio n a l average even though m o s t e sta b lish m e n ts in an a r e a in cr e a s e
w ages during the y e a r . Changes in ea rn in g s o f occu p a tion a l g ro u p s , shown in
table A - 7, are b e tte r in d ica to rs o f w age tren d s than are earn in g s changes fo r
in dividu al jo b s within the g rou p s.

A v e r a g e ea rn in g s r e fle c t c o m p o s ite , areaw ide e s tim a te s . In du stries
and e sta b lish m en ts d iffe r in pay le v e l and job staffin g, and thus con trib u te
d iffe r e n tly to the e s tim a te s fo r each jo b .
Pay a v era g es m a y fa il to r e fle c t
a c c u r a t e ly the w ag e d iffe r e n t ia l am ong jo b s in individual esta b lish m en ts.
A v e r a g e pa y le v e ls fo r m en and w om en in s e le c t e d occu p a tion s
sh ou ld not be a s su m e d to r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay o f the se x e s w ithin
in dividu al e sta b lis h m e n ts .
F a c to r s w hich m ay con trib u te to d iffe r e n c e s
in clu d e p r o g r e s s io n w ith in e sta b lis h e d rate ranges (on ly the ra te s paid
in cu m b en ts a r e c o lle c te d ) and p e r fo r m a n c e o f s p e c ific duties w ithin the
g e n e r a l su rv e y jo b d e s c r ip t io n s . Job d e s cr ip tio n s used to c la s s ify e m p lo y e e s
in th e se s u r v e y s u su a lly a r e m o r e g e n e r a liz e d than th ose u sed in individu al
e sta b lish m en ts and a llo w fo r m in o r d iffe r e n c e s am ong esta b lish m en ts in
s p e c ific du ties p e r fo r m e d .
O ccu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t e stim a tes rep resen t the tota l in a ll e s t a b ­
lis h m e n ts w ith in the s c o p e o f the study and not the n um ber actu a lly su rv ey ed .
B e c a u s e o c cu p a tio n a l s t r u c tu r e s am ong estab lish m en ts d iffe r , e stim a tes o f
o c cu p a tio n a l em p loy m en t ob ta in ed fr o m the sam ple o f esta b lish m en ts studied
s e r v e on ly to in d ica te the r e la tiv e im p orta n ce o f the jo b s studied.
T h ese
d iffe r e n c e s in o c cu p a tio n a l s tru c tu re do not a ffect m a te r ia lly the a c c u r a c y o f
the ea rn in g s data.

S killed m ain ten an ce—
Cont inued

U n skilled plant

M ech a n ics (m o to r v eh icle)
P ip e fitte r s
T o o l and die m a k e rs

J a n ito rs, p o r t e r s , and
c le a n e rs
M a teria l handling la b o r e rs

P e r ce n t changes fo r individu al a rea s in the p r o g r a m a r e com puted
as fo llo w s :
1. A v e ra g e earn in g s a r e com pu ted fo r each occu p a tion fo r
the 2 y e a r s being c o m p a re d .
The a v e r a g e s a r e deriv ed
fr o m ea rn in gs in th ose esta b lish m en ts w hich are in the
su rv e y both y e a r s ; it is assu m ed that em ploym ent
rem a in s unchanged.
2.

E ach o ccu p a tion is a ssig n ed a w eight b a sed on its
p ro p o rtio n a te em p loym en t in the occu p a tion a l group in
the b a se y e a r.

3.

T h e se w eigh ts are u sed to com pu te grou p a v e ra g e s.
E a ch o c c u p a tio n 's a v era g e earn in gs (com pu ted in step 1)
is m u ltip lied by its w eigh t.
The p ro d u cts a re totaled
to obtain a g rou p a v era g e.

4.

The ra tio o f g rou p a v e ra g e s fo r 2 c o n s e cu tiv e y ea rs is
com p u ted by d ividin g the a v e r a g e fo r the cu rren t year
by the a v e ra g e fo r the e a r lie r y e a r.
The resu lt—
e x p r e s s e d as a p e r ce n t— le s s 100 is the p e rce n t change.

W age tr e n d s fo r s e le c t e d o c cu p a tio n a l grou ps
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s p re se n te d in ta ble A -7 a r e b a sed on changes
in a v e r a g e h o u rly ea rn in g s o f m en and w om en in esta b lish m en ts rep ortin g
the tren d jo b s in both the c u r re n t and p r e v io u s y ear (m atched e sta b lish m e n ts).
The data a r e a d ju sted to r e m o v e the e ffe ct on av erag e ea rn in gs o f e m p lo y ­
m ent sh ifts am on g e sta b lis h m e n ts and tu rn o v e r o f estab lish m en ts in cluded
in s u r v e y s a m p le s .
The p e r c e n t in c r e a s e s , h ow ev er, a re still a ffe c te d by
fa c t o r s oth er than w age in c r e a s e s . H ir in g s , la y o ffs , and tu rn o v e r m ay
a ffe c t an esta b lis h m e n t a v e r a g e fo r an occu p ation when w o r k e r s a r e paid
u n der plans p r o v id in g a ran ge o f w age rates fo r individual jo b s . In p e r io d s
o f in c r e a s e d h ir in g , fo r e x a m p le , new e m p lo y e e s m ay en ter at the b ottom
o f the ra n g e , d e p r e s s in g the a v e r a g e w ithout a change in w age ra te s .
The p e r c e n t ch a n g es re la te to w age changes b etw een the in d icated
d a te s. W hen the tim e span betw een s u rv e y s is oth er than 12 m on th s, annual
r a te s a r e a ls o show n.
(It is assu m ed that w ages in c r e a s e at a constan t
ra te betw een s u r v e y s .)
O ccu p a tio n s u se d to com p u te w age tren d s a re :
O ffic e c l e r i c a l

E le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g 2

S e c r e t a r ie s
S te n o g r a p h e r s , s e n io r
S te n o g r a p h e rs , g e n e r a l
T y p is t s , c la s s e s A and B
F ile c l e r k s , c la s s e s A ,
B, and C
M essen g ers
S w itch b oa rd o p e r a t o r s
O r d e r c le r k s , c la s s e s
A and B
A cco u n tin g c le r k s ,
c la s s e s A and B
P a y r o ll c le r k s
K ey en try o p e r a t o r s ,
c la s s e s A and B

C om puter sy ste m s a n a ly s ts ,
c la s s e s A , B, and C
C om puter p r o g r a m m e r s ,
c la s s e s A , B , and C
In du strial n u rses
R e g is te r e d in d u stria l
n u rses
S k illed m ain ten an ce
C a rp en ters
E le c t r ic ia n s
P a in ters
M a ch in ists
M ech a n ics (m a ch in e ry '

2
The earnings o f computer operators are not included in the wage trend computation for this
A revised job description is being introduced in this survey which is not equivalent to the previous description.




F o r a m o r e d eta iled d e s c r ip tio n o f the m ethod u sed to com pute
th e se w age tre n d s
se e "Im p ro v in g A r e a W age Su rvey In d e x e s ," M onthly
L a b o r R e v ie w , January 1973, pp. 5 2 -5 7 .
A v e ra g e pay rela tion sh ip s w ithin esta b lish m en ts
R e la tiv e m e a s u r e s o f occu p a tion a l pay a r e p resen ted in ta ble A -8
fo r w h it e -c o lla r occu p a tio n s and in ta ble A -9 fo r b lu e -c o lla r occu p a tion s.
T h ese r e la tiv e v alu es r e fle c t d iffe r e n c e s in pay betw een occu p ation s w ithin
in dividu al esta b lis h m e n ts.
R e la tiv e pay valu es a re com puted by dividing an
e sta b lis h m e n t's a v e r a g e earn in gs fo r an occu p a tion being com p a red by the
a v e ra g e fo r an oth er o ccu p a tion (d esign ated as 100) and m ultiplying the
quotient by 100. F o r e x a m p le , if ja n ito rs in a fir m a v era g e $ 4 an hour and
fo r k lift o p e r a t o r s $ 5 , fo r k lift o p e r a t o r s have a r e la tiv e pay value o f 125
co m p a re d w ith ja n ito r s . ($ 5 -h $ 4 = 1.25 x 100 = 125.)
In com binin g the
r e la tiv e s o f the individu al esta b lish m en ts to a r r iv e at an o v e r a ll a v era g e,
each esta b lish m en t is c o n s id e r e d to have as m any re la tiv e s as it has
w eigh ted w o r k e r s in the tw o jo b s being co m p a re d .
P ay re la tio n s h ip s b a sed on o v e r a ll a v e ra g e s m ay d iffe r co n s id e ra b ly
b e c a u se o f the v aryin g con trib u tion o f h ig h - and lo w -w a g e estab lish m en ts to
the a v e r a g e s .
F o r e x a m p le , the o v e r a ll a v e ra g e h ou rly earnings fo r fo rk lift
o p e r a t o r s m ay be 50 p e r ce n t m o r e than the a v e ra g e fo r ja n itors b eca u se the
a v e ra g e fo r fo r k lift o p e r a t o r s m ay be stron g ly in flu en ced by earnings in
h ig h -w a g e esta b lish m en ts w h ile the a v e ra g e fo r ja n ito r s m ay be stron gly
in flu en ced by ea rn in gs in lo w -w a g e esta b lish m en ts.
In such a c a s e , the
in tr a -e s ta b lis h m e n t rela tion sh ip w ill in d icate a m u ch s m a lle r d iffe r e n c e in
ea rn in g s.
E sta blish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su p p lem en ta ry w age p r o v is io n s
The in cid e n c e o f s e le c t e d estab lish m en t p r a c t ic e s and su pplem en tary
w age p r o v is io n s is studied f o r fu ll-tim e p ro d u ctio n and related w o rk e r s and
o ffic e w o r k e r s .
P r o d u ctio n and re la te d w o r k e r s (r e fe r r e d to h e re a fte r as
group.
p ro d u ctio n w o r k e r s ) in clu de w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and all n o n s u p e rv iso ry

w o rk e r s (in clu din g g rou p le a d e r s and tr a in e e s ) en gaged in fa b rica tin g ,
p r o c e s s in g , a s s e m b lin g , in s p e c tio n , r e c e iv in g , s t o r a g e , handling, p a ck ­
in g, w areh ou sin g , shipping, m a in ten an ce, r e p a ir , ja n ito r ia l and guard s e r ­
v ic e s , p ro d u ct d e v e lo p m e n t, a u x ilia r y p r o d u ctio n fo r p la n t's own u se
( e .g ., p ow erp la n t), and r e co r d k e e p in g and oth er s e r v ic e s c lo s e ly a s s o c i ­
ated w ith the a b ove p r o d u ctio n o p e r a tio n s . (C a fe te r ia and rou te w o rk e r s
a r e ex clu d ed in m a n u factu rin g in d u str ie s but in clu d ed in n onm anufacturing
in d u s tr ie s .) In fin a n ce and in s u r a n ce , no w o r k e r s a r e c o n s id e r e d to be
p rod u ction w o r k e r s . O ffice w o r k e r s in clu d e w ork in g s u p e r v is o r s and a ll n ons u p e r v is o r y w o r k e r s (in clu d in g lea d w o r k e r s and tr a in e e s ) p e r fo rm in g
c le r i c a l o r re la te d o ffic e fu n ction s in su ch d epa rtm en ts as a ccou n tin g ,
a d v e r tis in g , p u rch a sin g , c o lle c t io n , c r e d it , fin a n ce , le g a l, p a y r o ll, p e r s o n n e l,
s a le s , in d u stria l r e la t io n s , pu blic r e la t io n s , e x e cu tiv e , o r tra n sp orta tion .
A d m in is tra tiv e , e x e cu tiv e , p r o fe s s io n a l, and p a r t -t im e e m p lo y e e s as w ell
as c o n s tr u c tio n w o r k e r s u tiliz e d as se p a ra te w o rk f o r c e s a r e e x clu d ed fr o m
both the p r o d u c tio n and o ffic e w o r k e r c a t e g o r ie s .

w ritten fo r m or esta b lish ed by cu stom ). H olidays a re in cluded even though
in a p a rticu la r y e a r they fall on a n onw orkday and em p lo y e e s a re not
granted another day o ff. P aid p e r s o n a l h oliday p la n s , ty p ic a lly found in
the a u tom obile and related in d u str ie s , are in clu d ed as paid h olid a ys.

M in im u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s (ta b le B - l ) . M inim u m en tra n ce s a la r ie s
fo r o ffic e w o r k e r s re la te on ly to the e sta b lish m e n ts v is ite d .
B e c a u s e o f the
optim u m sa m p lin g tech n iq u es u se d and the p ro b a b ility that la r g e e s ta b lis h ­
m ents a re m o r e lik e ly than s m a ll e sta b lish m en ts to have fo r m a l en tran ce
ra tes a b ove the s u b c le r ic a l le v e l, the ta b le is m o r e r e p re s e n ta tiv e o f p o lic ie s
in m ed iu m and la r g e e sta b lis h m e n ts.
(T h e " X 's " show n u nder standard
w eek ly h ou rs in d icate that no m ea n in gfu l tota ls a r e a p p lic a b le .)

F o r tabulating v acation pay gra n ted , all p r o v is io n s are e x p r e s s e d
on a tim e b a s is .
V a ca tion pay c a lcu la te d on oth e r than a tim e b a sis is
co n v e rte d to its equivalent tim e p e r io d .
Tw o p e r c e n t o f annual e a rn in g s,
fo r e x a m p le , is tabulated as 1 w e e k 's v a ca tion pay.

Shift d iffe r e n tia ls — m a n u factu rin g (table B - 2 ) . Data w e r e c o lle c te d
on p o lic ie s o f m a n u factu rin g e sta b lish m e n ts r e g a rd in g pay d iffe r e n tia ls fo r
p rod u ction w o r k e r s on la te sh ifts. E s ta b lis h m e n ts c o n s id e r e d as having
p o lic ie s a re th o se w h ich (1 ) have p r o v is io n s in w ritin g c o v e r in g the op era tion
o f late s h ifts , o r (2) have op era ted la te sh ifts at any tim e during the 12
m onths p r e ce d in g a s u rv e y .
When e sta b lish m en ts have s e v e r a l d iffe r e n tia ls
w hich v a r y by jo b , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r ity o f the p ro d u ctio n
w o rk e r s is r e c o r d e d .
W hen esta b lish m en ts have d iffe r e n tia ls w hich apply
on ly to c e r t a in h ours o f w o r k , the d iffe r e n tia l applying to the m a jo r ity o f
the sh ift h ou rs is r e c o r d e d .
F o r p u rp o s e s o f th is study, a la te sh ift is e ith e r a s e c o n d (even in g)
sh ift w hich ends at o r n ear m idnigh t o r a th ird (night) sh ift w h ich sta rts at
o r near m idnigh t.
D iffe r e n tia ls fo r s e c o n d and th ird sh ifts a r e su m m a r iz e d s e p a ra te ly
fo r (1) e sta b lis h m e n t p o lic ie s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n tia ls a r e w eigh ted
by a ll p r o d u c tio n w o r k e r s in the esta b lish m en t at the tim e o f the su rv ey )
and (2) e ffe c t iv e p r a c t ic e s (an e s ta b lis h m e n t's d iffe r e n tia ls a r e w eigh ted by
p rod u ction w o r k e r s e m p lo y e d on the s p e c ifie d sh ift at the tim e o f the su rv ey ).
S ch ed u led w eek ly h o u rs; paid h o lid a y s ; paid v a c a tio n s ; and h ea lth ,
insurance^ and p en sion pla n s.
P r o v is io n s w h ich ap ply to a m a jo r ity o f the
p ro d u ctio n o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in an esta b lis h m e n t a r e c o n s id e r e d to apply to
a ll p ro d u ctio n o r o ffic e w o r k e r s in the esta b lis h m e n t; a p r a c t ic e o r p r o v is io n
is c o n s id e r e d n on ex isten t w hen it a p p lie s to le s s than a m a jo r ity .
H olid a y s;
v a c a tio n s ; and health, in s u r a n c e , and p e n sio n plans a r e c o n s id e r e d a p p lica b le
to e m p lo y e e s c u r r e n tly e lig ib le fo r the b en efits as w e ll as to e m p lo y e e s who
w ill even tu a lly b e c o m e e lig ib le .
S ch ed u led w e e k ly h ou rs and days (ta b le B -3 ). S ch ed u led w eek ly
h ou rs and days r e fe r to the n um ber o f h ou rs and days p e r w eek w h ich f u ll­
tim e fir s t (d a y) sh ift w o r k e r s a r e e x p e cte d to w o rk , w h eth er paid fo r at
s tr a ig h t-tim e o r o v e r tim e ra te s .
P a id h olid a ys (ta b le B -4 ).
H olid ay s a r e in clu d ed i f w o r k e r s who
a r e not r e q u ir e d to w o rk a r e paid fo r the tim e o f f and th o se r e q u ir e d to
w o rk r e c e iv e p r e m iu m pay o r c o m p e n s a to r y tim e o ff.
T h e y a r e in clu d ed
on ly if th ey a r e gra n ted annually on a fo r m a l b a s is (p r o v id e d fo r in




Data are tabulated to show the p e rce n t o f w o rk e r s who (1) are
granted s p e c ific n um bers o f w hole and h alf h olid a ys and (2) are granted
s p e c ifie d
amounts o f total holiday tim e (w hole and h alf h olida ys are
ag g reg a ted ).
P a id vacation s (table B - 5 ) . E sta b lish m en ts rep ort th e ir m eth od o f
ca lcu la tin g vacation pay (tim e b a s is , p e r ce n t o f annual e a rn in g s, fla t-s u m
paym en t, e tc .) and the amount o f v a ca tion pay g ra n ted. Only b a s ic fo r m a l
plans are r ep orted . V a ca tion b on u ses, v a c a tio n -s a v in g s p la n s, and "e x te n d e d "
o r "s a b b a t ic a l" b en efits beyond b a s ic plans are ex clu d ed .

A ls o , p r o v is io n s a fter each s p e c ifie d length o f s e r v ic e are rela ted
to a ll p rod u ction o r o ffic e w o rk e r s in an esta b lish m en t r e g a r d le s s o f length o f
s e r v ic e . V a ca tion plans com m on ly p r o v id e fo r a la r g e r amount o f v acation
pay as s e r v ic e lengthens. Counts o f p ro d u ctio n o r o ffic e w o r k e r s by length
o f s e r v ic e w ere not obtain ed. The tabu lation s o f v a ca tion pay granted
p r e s e n t, th e r e fo r e , s ta tistica l m e a s u r e s o f th e se p r o v is io n s rath er than
p r o p o rtio n s o f w o rk e rs actu ally r e ce iv in g s p e c ific b e n e fits.
H ealth, in su ra n ce , and pen sion plans (ta bles B -6 and B - 7 ) . H ealth,
in s u r a n ce , and p en sion plans in clude plans fo r w h ich the e m p lo y e r pays
eith e r all o r part o f the c o s t. The c o s t m ay be (1) u n derw ritten by a
c o m m e r c ia l in su ran ce com pany o r n on p rofit o r g a n iz a tio n , (2) c o v e r e d by a
union fund to w hich the e m p lo y e r has co n trib u te d , o r (3) born e d ir e c tly by
the e m p lo y e r out o f operatin g funds o r a fund set asid e to c o v e r the c o s t.
A plan is in clu ded even though a m a jo r ity o f the e m p lo y e e s in an e s t a b lis h ­
m ent do not ch oose to p a rticip a te in it b e c a u se th ey are re q u ire d to b e a r
part o f its cost (p rovid ed the c h o ic e to p a rticip a te is av ailab le o r w ill
eventually b e c o m e available to a m a jo r ity ). L e g a lly r e q u ire d plans su ch as
s o c ia l s e c u r ity , r a ilr o a d r e tir e m e n t, w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility co m p e n sa tio n , and
te m p o r a r y d isa b ility in su ran ce 3 are e x clu d e d .

3
Temporary disability insurance which provides benefits to covered workers disabled by injury or illness
which is not work-connected is mandatory under State laws in California, New Jersey, New York, and Rhode
Island. Establishment plans which meet only the legal requirements are excluded from these data, but those
under which (1) employers contribute more than is legally required or (2) benefits exceed those specified in the
State law are included. In Rhode Island, benefits are paid out of a State fund to which only employees
contribute. In each of the other three States, benefits are paid either from a State fund or through a private plan.
State fund financing: In California, only employees contribute to the State fund; in New Jersey,
employees and employers contribute; in New York, employees contribute up to a specified maximum
and employers pay the difference between the employees' share and the total contribution required.
Private plan financing: In California and New Jersey, employees cannot be required to contribute
more than they would if they were covered by the State fund; in New York, employees can agree
to contribute more if the State rules that the additional contribution is commensurate with die
benefit provided.
Federal legislation ( Railroad Unemployment Insurance A ct) provides temporary disability insurance benefits
to railroad workers for illness or injury, whether work-connected or not. The legislation requires that employers
bear the entire cost of the insurance.

L ife in s u r a n ce in clu d e s fo r m a l plans provid in g in dem n ity (u su ally
th rou g h an in s u r a n ce p o lic y ) in ca se o f death o f the c o v e r e d w o r k e r .
In fo rm a tio n is a ls o p r o v id e d in ta ble B -7 on types of life in su ra n ce plauis
and the am ount o f c o v e r a g e iij a ll in d u stries com b in ed and in m a n u factu rin g .
A c c id e n ta l death and d is m e m b e rm e n t in su ran ce is lim ite d to plans
w h ich p r o v id e b e n e fit pa ym en ts in c a s e o f death o r lo s s o f lim b o r sight as a
d ir e c t r e su lt o f an a c c id e n t.

L a b o r-m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n t c q v e ra g e
The follow in g tabu lation sh ow s the p e r ce n t o f fu ll-tim e produ ction
and o ffic e w o r k e r s em p loy ed in esta b lish m en ts in the N orfolk — irg in ia B each—
V
P ortsm ou th a re a in w hich a union c o n tr a c t o r c o n tra cts c o v e r e d a m a jo rity
o f the w o rk e r s in the r e s p e c tiv e c a t e g o r ie s , M ay 197 9:
P r o d u c tio n and
r e la te d w o rk e r s

S ick n e ss and a c c id e n t in su ra n ce in clu d es only th o se plans w hich
p r o v id e that p r e d e te r m in e d c a s h paym ents be m ade d ir e c tly to e m p lo y e e s
w ho lo s e tim e fr o m w o rk b e c a u s e o f illn e s s o r in ju ry , e .g ., $ 5 0 a w eek
f o r up to 26 w eek s o f d is a b ility .
S ick le a v e pla n s a re lim ite d to fo r m a l plauis 4 w hich p r o v id e fo r
continu in g am e m p lo y e e 's pay during ab sen ce fr o m w ork b e c a u s e o f illn e s s .
Data c o lle c t e d d is tin g u is h betw een (1) plans w hich p rov id e fu ll pay w ith no
w aitin g p e r io d , and (2) plans w h ich eith e r p ro v id e p a rtia l pay o r r e q u ire a
w aitin g p e r io d .
L o n g -t e r m d is a b ility in su ra n ce plans p rov id e paym en ts to tota lly
d is a b le d e m p lo y e e s upon the e x p ir a tio n o f th e ir paid sick le a v e a n d /o r s ic k ­
n e s s and a c c id e n t in s u r a n c e , o r a fter a p re d e te rm in e d p e r io d o f d is a b ility
(ty p ic a lly 6 m o n th s). P a y m en ts are m ade until the end o f the d is a b ility , a
m a x im u m a g e, o r e lig ib ilit y f o r re tire m e n t b e n e fits . F u ll o r p a rtia l p a y ­
m en ts a r e a lm o s t alw a ys re d u c e d by s o c ia l s e c u r ity , w o r k e r s ' d is a b ility
co m p e n s a tio n , and p r iv a te p e n sio n b en efits payable to the d is a b le d e m p lo y e e .
H o s p ita liz a tio n , s u r g ic a l, and m e d ic a l in su ra n ce pla n s r e p o rte d
in th e se s u r v e y s p r o v id e fu ll o r p a r tia l paym ent fo r b a s ic s e r v ic e s ren d e re d .
H o sp ita liz a tio n in su r a n ce c o v e r s h osp ita l r o o m and b o a rd and m ay c o v e r
o th e r h o s p ita l e x p e n s e s . S u r g ic a l in su ra n ce c o v e r s s u r g e o n s ' f e e s . M e d ic a l
in s u r a n ce c o v e r s d o c t o r s ' fe e s f o r h om e, o f f i c e , o r h o sp ita l c a lls . P la n s
r e s t r ic t e d to p o s t -o p e r a t iv e m e d ic a l c a r e o r a d o c t o r 's c a r e fo r m in o r
a ilm en ts at a w o r k e r 's p la c e o f em p loym en t a re not c o n s id e r e d to be
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su r a n ce co v e r a g e ap plies to s e r v ic e s w hich go
b ey on d the b a s ic s e r v ic e s c o v e r e d under h o sp ita liza tio n , s u r g ic a l, and
m e d ic a l in s u r a n c e .
M a jo r m e d ic a l in su ra n ce ty p ic a lly (1) r e q u ir e s that a
"d e d u c t ib le " ( e .g ., $ 5 0 ) be m e t b e fo r e ben efits b eg in , (2) has a co in s u ra n c e
fe a tu re that r e q u ir e s the in su r e d to pay a p ortion ( e .g ., 20 p e r c e n t) o f
c e r t a in e x p e n s e s , and (3) has a s p e c ifie d d o lla r m a xim u m o f b e n e fits ( e .g .,
$ 10, 000 a y e a r ).
D ental in s u r a n ce plan s p r o v id e n o rm a l dental s e r v ic e b e n e fits ,
u su a lly f o r fillin g s , e x t r a c t io n s , and X - r a y s . Plans w h ich p r o v id e b en efits
on ly fo r o r a l s u r g e r y o r r e p a irin g a ccid en t dam age a r e not r e p o rte d .

A ll in d u stries
M a n u fa c t u r in g ...........
N o n m a n u fa ctu rin g ___
P u b lic u t i l i t i e s ___

10
-

12
72

An esta b lish m en t is c o n s id e r e d to have a c o n tra ct cov e rin g all
p rod u ction o r o ffic e w o rk e r s if a m a jo r ity of such w o rk e r s is c o v e r e d by
a la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g reem en t.
T h e r e fo r e , a ll oth er p rodu ction o r o ffic e
w o rk e r s a r e em p loyed in esta b lish m en ts that eith er do not have la b o r m anagem ent co n tra cts in e ffe c t , o r have c o n tra cts that apply to few er than
half o f th e ir p rod u ction o r o ffic e w o r k e r s .
E stim a tes a r e not n e c e s s a r ily
re p re s e n ta tiv e o f the extent to w hich a ll w o rk e r s in the a re a m ay be c o v e r e d
by the p r o v is io n s o f la b o r -m a n a g e m e n t a g r e e m e n ts , b e ca u se sm a ll e sta b ­
lish m en ts a r e ex clu d ed and the in d u stria l s c o p e o f the su rvey is lim ited .

In dustrial c o m p o s itio n in m anufacturing
A lm o s t th re e -te n th s o f the w o rk e r s w ithin the sc o p e of the su rvey in
the N orfolk — irg in ia B each — ortsm ou th a rea w e re em p loy ed in m anufacturing
V
P
fir m s .
The follow in g p r e se n ts the m a jo r in d u stries as a p ercen t of all
m a n u fa ctu rin g :

R e tir e m e n t p e n s io n plans p r o v id e fo r reg u la r p a ym en ts to the
r e t ir e e fo r lif e .
In clu d ed a r e d e fe r r e d p r o fit-s h a r in g plans w h ich p r o v id e
the op tion o f p u rc h a s in g a life tim e annuity.
4
An establishment is considered as having a formal plan if it specifies at least the minimum number
of days o f sick leave available to each em ployee. Such a plan need not be written, but informal sick leave
allowances determined on an individual basis are excluded.




39
66
20
73

O ffice w ork ers

T ra n sp o rta tio n eq u ip m en t_____________________________________________
Ship and boatbuilding and r e p a i r i n g _______________________________
M otor v e h ic le s and e q u ip m e n t_____________________________________
F ood and kin dred p r o d u c t s _____________________________________________
Sugar and c o n fe c tio n e r y p r o d u c t s _________________________________
M isc e lla n e o u s food s and kin dred p rod u cts _______________________
E le c t r ic and e le c tr o n ic eq u ip m en t____________________________________
R adio and T V r e c e iv in g e q u ip m e n t________________________________
Stone, c la y , and g la s s p r o d u c t s _______________________________________
L u m ber and w ood p rod u cts ____________________________________________
M illw o r k , ply w ood and s tru c tu ra l m e m b e r s _____________________
P rin tin g and publishing ________________________________________________
N ew sp a p ers _________________________________________________________
C h em ica ls and a llie d p r o d u c t s ________________________________________

25
13
10
21
6
6
13
13
8
6
5
6
6
5

T h is in fo rm a tio n is ba sed on estim a te s o f tota l em ploym ent d eriv ed
fr o m u n iv e r se m a te r ia ls c o m p ile d b e fo r e actu a l su rv ey .
P ro p o rtio n s in
v a riou s in d u stry d iv is io n s m ay d iffe r fr o m p r o p o rtio n s b a sed on the resu lts
o f the su r v e y as shown in appendix ta ble 1.

Appendix table 1. Establishments and workers within scope of survey and number studied.
Norfolk—Virginia Beach—Portsmouth, Va.—N .C .,1May 1979
N u m ber of establishm ents

Industry d ivision 2

M inim um
em ploym ent
in e s t a b l i s h ­
m e n t s in s c o p e
o f st u d y

W o r k e r s in e s t a b l i s h m e n t s
Wi th in s c o p e o f s t u d y

W it h in s c o p e
of study 3

S t ud ie d
S t ud ie d

T otal4
Number

ALL

INDUSTRY

D IV ISI ONS ---------------------------------

MANUFACTURING -------------------------------------------------------NONMANUFACTURING --------------------------------------------------TRANSPORTATION. COMMUNICATION. ANO
OTHER PUBLIC U T I L I T I E S 5 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------WHOLESALE TRADE
RETAIL TRADE
---------------------------------------------------FI NA NC E. INSURANCE. AND REAL FS TA TE
----------S E R V I C E S 7 ------------------------------------------------------------

F ull-tim e
office w orkers

T otal4

417

135

78.727

103

4 1.623

12.530

4 8.8 69

”

90
327

36
99

2 3.216
5 5 .5 11

29
71

1 7.4 39
24*184

1 .4 1 6
11.114

1 7.4 05
31.464

50
50
50
5C
50

34
61
123
40
69

19
11
35
10
24

8 .2 4 3
4 .7 8 6
24*883
7 .2 7 0
1 0.3 29

1C
6
32
9
13

3 .5 6 0
( M
(
( M
1 6*

50

1 The Norfolk—
Virginia Beach—Portsmouth Standard Metropolitan Statistical A rea, as defined
by the Office of Management and Budget through February 1974, consists of Chesapeake, Norfolk,
Portsmouth, Suffolk, and Virginia Beach C ities, V a .; and Currituck County, N.C.
The "w orkers
within scope of study" estim ates provide a reasonably accurate description of the size and
composition of the labor force included in the survey.
Estim ates are not intended, however, for
comparison with other statistical series to measure employment trends or levels since (1) planning
of wage surveys requires establishment data compiled considerably in advance of the payroll period
studied, and (2) sm all establishments are excluded from the scope of the survey.
2 The 1972 edition of the Standard Industrial Classification Manual was used to classify
establishments by industry division^ A ll government operations are excluded from the scope of the
survey.
3 Includes all establishments with total employment at or above the minimum limitation. A ll
outlets (within the area) of companies in industries such as trade, finance, auto repair service,
and motion picture theaters are considered as one establishment.




Percent

F ull-tim e
p r o d u c t i o n an d
related w o rk e r s

1 .7 7 4
( 61
( 6»
<A1
f 61

7 .2 0 7
1 .1 2 4
15,113
3 ,4 9 0
4*530

4 Includes executive, professional, part-tim e, seasonal, and other workers excluded from the
separate production and office categories.
5 Abbreviated to "public utilities" in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables.
Taxicabs and services
incidental to water transportation are excluded.
6 Separate data for this division are not presented in the A - and B -s e r ie s tables, but the
division is represented in the "a ll industries" and "nonmanufacturing" estim ates.
7 Hotels and m otels, laundries and other personal serv ice s; business serv ice s; automobile
repair, rental, and parking; motion pictures; nonprofit m em bership organizations (excluding religious
and charitable organizations); and engineering and architectural services.

28

Appendix B.
Occupational
Descriptions
The p r im a r y p u rp o s e o f p rep arin g jo b d e s cr ip tio n s fo r the
B u r e a u 's w age s u r v e y s is to a s s is t its fie ld re p re s e n ta tiv e s in c la s s ify in g
into a p p ro p r ia te o c cu p a tio n s w o r k e r s who a r e em p loyed under a v a r ie ty
o f p a y r o ll title s and d iffe r e n t w ork a rra n gem en ts fr o m esta b lish m en t
to esta b lis h m e n t and fr o m a r e a
to a rea .
This p e r m its grou pin g
o c cu p a tio n a l w age ra te s r e p re s e n tin g com p a ra b le jo b content. B eca u se
o f th is e m p h a sis on in te re sta b lish m e n t and in te ra re a c o m p a ra b ility
o f o c cu p a tio n a l con ten t, the B u re a u 's jo b d e s crip tio n s m ay d iffe r s ig ­
n ific a n tly fr o m th o se in u se in in dividual estab lish m en ts o r th ose p r e ­
p a re d fo r o th e r p u r p o s e s .
In applying th ese job d e s c r ip tio n s , the
B u r e a u 's fie ld r e p r e s e n t a t iv e s a r e in stru cted to ex clu d e w orkin g s u p e r ­
v i s o r s ; a p p r e n tic e s ; and p a r t -t im e , te m p o r a r y , and p rob a tion a ry w o r k e r s .
H an dicapped w o r k e r s w h ose earn in g s are reduced b e ca u se o f th e ir
h an dicap a re a ls o e x clu d e d . L e a r n e r s , b e g in n e r s, and t r a in e e s , u nless
s p e c ific a lly in clu d e d in the jo b d e s c r ip tio n , are exclu ded.

Office
SE C R E T AR Y— Continued

SECRE TARY

E x c lu s io n s — Continued

A s s ig n e d as a p e r s o n a l s e c r e t a r y , n orm a lly to one in dividu al.
M ain tain s a c lo s e and h igh ly r e s p o n s iv e rela tion sh ip to the d a y -to -d a y a c tiv ­
it ie s o f the s u p e r v is o r . W o rk s fa ir ly independently re ce iv in g a m in im u m o f
d e ta ile d s u p e r v is io n and g u id a n ce. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d c le r i c a l and s e c r e t a r ia l
d u ties r e q u irin g a k n ow led ge o f o ffic e routine and u nderstanding o f the
o r g a n iz a tio n , p r o g r a m s , and p r o c e d u r e s related to the w ork o f the s u p e r v is o r .

a.

P o s itio n s w hich do not m eet the
d e s c r ib e d a b ove;

"p e r s o n a l"

s e c r e ta r y concept

b. S ten og ra p h ers not fu lly tra in ed in s e c r e t a r ia l-t y p e duties;
c.
d.

E x c lu s io n s .
Not a ll p o s itio n s that a re titled " s e c r e t a r y " p o s s e s s the
a b ov e c h a r a c t e r is t ic s .
E x a m p le s o f p osition s w hich a re ex clu d ed fr o m the
d e fin itio n a r e as fo llo w s :




S ten og rap h ers se rv in g as o ffic e a ssista n ts
fe s s io n a l, te c h n ic a l, o r m a n a g eria l p e r s o n s ;

A s s is ta n t-ty p e p osition s w hich entail m o r e d ifficu lt or m o re r e ­
sp o n s ib le te c h n ic a l, a d m in istra tiv e , o r s u p e r v is o r y duties which
a r e not ty p ic a l o f s e c r e t a r ia l w o rk , e .g ., A d m in istra tiv e A s s is t ­
ant, o r E x ecu tive A ssista n t;

L isted below a re s e v e r a l occu p a tion s fo r w h ich r e v is e d d e s c r ip tio n s o r title s a re being in trodu ced
in th is su rv ey :
T ru ck d r iv e r
S e c r e ta r y
Shipper and r e c e iv e r
K ey en try o p e ra to r
(p r e v io u s ly su rvey ed
C om pu ter op e ra to r
as shipping and
D ra fter
r e ce iv in g c le rk )
Station ary en gin eer
G uard
B o ile r ten der
The B ureau has d iscon tin u ed c o lle c tin g data fo r tabulating -m a ch in e o p e r a to r, b ook k eep in g -m a ch in e
o p e r a t o r , and m ach in e b ille r . W o rk e rs p r e v io u s ly c la s s ifie d as w atch m en a r e now c la s s ifie d as guards
u nder the r e v is e d d e s crip tio n .

29

to a group o f p r o ­

SECRETARY— Continued

S E C R E T A R Y — Continued

Exclusions-— Continued

C la s s ific a t io n by L e v e l— Continued

e.

f.

Positions which do not fit any of the situations listed in the
sections below titled ''L evel of S u p e rv iso r," e .g ., secretary to the
president of a company that em ploys, in all, over 5 ,0 0 0 persons;
Trainees.

Classification by Level
S e c r e t a r y jo b s w hich m e e t the r e q u ir e d c h a r a c t e r is t ic s a r e m a tch ed
at one o f fiv e le v e ls a c c o r d in g to (a) the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y 's s u p e r v is o r
w ithin the c o m p a n y 's o rg a n iz a tio n a l s tru c tu re and, (b) the le v e l o f the
s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility .
The ta bu la tion follow in g the ex plan ation s o f th ese
tw o fa c to r s in d ica te s the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r ea ch co m b in a tio n o f the
fa c to r s .

segm en t often in volvin g as m any as s e v e r a l h undred p e r s o n s )
o f a com pa n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 25, 000 p e r s o n s .
LS—4

a. S e c r e ta r y to the ch a irm a n o f the b o a rd o r p r e sid e n t o f a com p a n y
that e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 100 but fe w e r than 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r
b.

S e c r e ta r y to a c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r (o th e r than the ch a irm a n o f
the b o a rd o r p re sid e n t) o f a com p a n y that e m p lo y s , in a ll,
ov e r 5 ,0 0 0 but fe w e r than 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s ; o r

c.

S e c r e ta r y to the head, im m e d ia te ly b e lo w the c o r p o r a t e o f f ic e r
le v e l, o f a m a jo r seg m en t o r s u b s id ia r y o f a com p a n y that
e m p lo y s , in a ll, o v e r 2 5 ,0 0 0 p e r s o n s .

Level of Secretary's Supervisor (LS)
LS—1

a. Secretary to the supervisor or head of a sm all organizational
unit (e .g ., fewer than about 25 or 30 persons); or
b. Secretary to a nonsupervisory staff specialist, professional
em ployee, administrative officer or assistant, skilled technician
or expert.
(NOTE: M a n y companies assign stenographers,
rather than secretaries as described above, to this level of
supervisory or nonsupervisory worker.)

LS—
2

a.

Secretary to an executive or managerial person whose respon­
sibility is not equivalent to one of the specific level situations in
the definition for LS—
3, but whose organizational unit normally
numbers at least several dozen employees and is usually divided
into organizational segments which are often, in turn, further
subdivided. In some companies, this level includes a wide range
of organizational echelons; in others, only one or two; or

b. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, e tc ., (or
other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all, fewer
than 5 ,0 0 0 persons.
LS—
3

a. Secretary to the chairman of the board or president of a company
that em ploys, in a ll, fewer than 100 persons; or
b. Secretary to a corporate officer (other than chairman of the
board or president) of a company that em ploys, in a ll, over 100
but fewer than 5, 000 persons; or
c. Secretary to the head (immediately below the officer level) over
either a m ajor corporatewide functional activity (e .g ., marketing,
research, operations, industrial relations, etc.) or a major
geographic or organizational segment (e .g ., a regional headquar­
te r s; a m ajor division) of a company that em ploys, in all,
over 5, 000 but fewer than 2 5 ,0 0 0 em ployees; or
d. Secretary to the head of an individual plant, factory, etc.,
(or other equivalent level of official) that em ploys, in all,
over 5 ,0 0 0 persons; or
e.

S e c r e t a r y to the head o f a la r g e and im p orta n t o r g a n iz a tio n a l s e g ­
m ent ( e .g ., a m id d le m a n a gem en t s u p e r v is o r o f an o r g a n iz a tio n a l




N O T E : The te r m " c o r p o r a t e o f f i c e r " u se d in the a b ove LS d e f ­
in ition r e fe r s to th ose o ffic ia ls who have a s ig n ific a n t c o r p o r a te w id e p o l i c y ­
m aking r o le with r e g a rd to m a jo r com p a n y a c tiv it ie s .
T he title " v i c e
p r e s id e n t ," though n o rm a lly in d ica tiv e o f this r o le , d oes not in a ll c a s e s
id en tify su ch p osition s.
V ic e p r e sid e n ts w h ose p r im a r y r e s p o n s ib ility is to
a ct p e r s o n a lly on individual c a s e s o r tr a n s a ctio n s ( e .g ., a p p ro v e or deny
in dividu al loan o r c r e d it a ctio n s ; a d m in iste r in d iv id u al tru st a c c o u n ts ; d i­
r e c t ly s u p e rv ise a c le r i c a l sta ff) a r e not c o n s id e r e d to be " c o r p o r a t e
o f f ic e r s " fo r p u rp oses o f applying the d efin ition .
L e v e l of S e c r e t a r y 's R e s p o n sib ility (L R )

T h is fa c to r evalu ates the
the s e c r e t a r y and the s u p e r v is o r ,
ex p ected to e x e r c is e in itiative and
at LR —1 o r LR— d e s c r ib e d b elow
2

n ature o f the w o rk r e la tio n s h ip b etw een
and the extent to w h ich the s e c r e t a r y is
ju dgm en t. S e c r e t a r ie s sh ou ld be m a tch ed
a c c o r d in g to th e ir le v e l o f r e s p o n s ib ility .

L R —1. P e r fo r m s v a r ie d s e c r e t a r ia l du ties in clu din g o r c o m p a ra b le
to m ost of the fo llo w in g :

a.

A n sw ers telep h on es,
com in g m a il.

g r e e ts

p erson al

b.

A n sw ers teleph on e r e q u e sts w h ich have stan dard a n s w e r s .
rep ly to req u ests b y sen din g a fo r m le tte r .

c.

R ev iew s c o r r e s p o n d e n c e , m e m o ra n d a , and r e p o r ts p r e p a r e d b y
oth ers fo r the s u p e r v is o r 's sign a tu re to en su re p r o c e d u r a l and
ty p og ra p h ica l a c c u r a c y .

d.

M aintains s u p e r v is o r 's
in stru cted .

e.

T y p e s,

c a le n d a r

and

takes and t r a n s c r ib e s d ic ta tio n ,

c a lle r s ,

m a k es

and

open s

appoin tm en ts

and f ile s .

in ­

M ay

as

S E C R E T A R Y — C o n tin u e d

S T E N O G R A P H E R — C on tin u ed

LR—
2.
P e r fo r m s du ties d e s c r ib e d under L R -1 and, in ad dition p e r ­
fo r m s ta sk s re q u irin g g re a te r judgm ent, in itia tiv e, and know ledge
o f o ffic e fu n ction s in cluding o r co m p a ra b le to m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
a. S c r e e n s telep h on e and p e r s o n a l c a lle r s , determ in in g w hich can
b e h an dled b y the s u p e r v is o r 's su bordin ates o r oth er o ffic e s .
b.

A n s w e r s r e q u e s ts w h ich r e q u ire a d etailed kn ow led ge o f o f ­
f ic e p r o c e d u r e s o r c o lle c tio n o f in form a tion fr o m file s o r
o th e r o f f i c e s .
M ay sign routine c o r r e s p o n d e n c e in own o r
s u p e r v i s o r 's n am e.

c.

OR
P e r fo r m s sten og ra p h ic duties requ irin g sign ifica n tly g re a te r in ­
d epen den ce and r e s p o n s ib ility than ste n o g ra p h e r, g e n e r a l, as ev id en ced by
the fo llo w in g :
W ork r e q u ir e s a high d e g re e o f sten og rap h ic sp eed and
a c c u r a c y ; a th orou gh w ork in g know ledge o f g en era l b u sin ess and o ffic e p r o ­
c e d u r e ; and o f the s p e c ific b u sin ess o p e r a tio n s , o rg a n iz a tion , p o lic ie s ,
p r o c e d u r e s , f ile s , w o rk flo w , e tc . U ses this know ledge in p erfo rm in g ste n o ­
g ra p h ic duties and r e s p o n s ib le c le r ic a l ta sk s su ch as m aintaining fo llo w ­
up f ile s ; a s se m b lin g m a te r ia l fo r r e p o r t s , m em ora n d a , and le tte r s ; c o m ­
p o sin g sim p le le tte r s fr o m g e n e ra l in stru ctio n s; reading and routing in com in g
m a il; and an sw erin g routine q u e stio n s, etc.

C o m p ile s o r a s s is t s in com p ilin g p e r io d ic r e p o rts on the b a sis
o f g e n e r a l in s t r u c t io n s .

d. S ch e d u le s ten ta tiv e appointm ents without p r io r c le a r a n c e .
A s­
s e m b le s n e c e s s a r y back g rou n d m a te r ia l fo r sch ed u led m e e tin g s .
M a k es a r r a n g e m e n ts fo r m eetin gs and c o n fe r e n c e s .
e.

E x p la in s s u p e r v i s o r 's req u irem en ts to oth er e m p lo y e e s in s u p e r ­
v i s o r 's unit. (A ls o ty p e s , takes d icta tion , and f ile s .)

T h e fo llo w in g ta b u la tion show s the le v e l o f the s e c r e t a r y fo r each
LS and L R co m b in a tio n :

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's
______s u p e r v is o r _____

TRA N SC R IB IN G -M A C H IN E TY P IST
P r im a r y duty is to type copy o f v o ic e r e c o r d e d dictation w hich does
not in v olv e v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e c ia liz e d v o ca b u la ry su ch as that used in
le g a l b r ie fs o r r e p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h . M ay a lso type fr o m w ritten
cop y . M ay m ain tain f ile s , k eep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er rela tiv ely
routine c le r i c a l ta sk s .
(See S ten og rap h er defin ition fo r w o rk e rs in volved
w ith shorthand d icta tion .)

L e v e l o f s e c r e t a r y 's r e s p o n s ib ility
T Y P IS T
L R -1

LS—1___
LS—2___
L S -3 ___
LS—
4___

S ten og ra p h er, G e n e r a l. D ictation in v olv es a n orm a l routine v o ca b u ­
la r y .
M ay m ain tain f ile s , keep sim p le r e c o r d s , o r p e r fo r m oth er r e la tiv e ly
routine c l e r i c a l ta sk s.

C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

L R -2
E
D
C
B

C la ss
C la ss
C la ss
C la ss

U ses a ty p e w rite r to m ake c o p ie s o f v a rio u s m a te ria ls o r to make
out b ills a fter ca lcu la tion s have been m ade by another p e r so n . May include
typing o f s t e n c ils , m a ts , o r s im ila r m a te r ia ls fo r use in duplicating
p rocesses.
M ay do c le r i c a l w ork in volvin g little s p e c ia l tra in in g , such
as k eepin g sim p le r e c o r d s , filin g r e c o r d s and r e p o r t s , o r sortin g and
d istrib u tin g in com in g m a il.

D
C
B
A

C la ss A . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Typing m a teria l
in fin al fo r m w hen it in v o lv e s com bin in g m a te r ia l fr o m s e v e r a l s o u r c e s ; o r
r e s p o n s ib ility fo r c o r r e c t s-pelling, sy lla b ica tio n , punctuation, e t c ., o f te c h ­
n ic a l o r unusual w ord s o r fo r e ig n language m a te r ia l; o r planning layout
and typing o f c o m p lic a te d s ta tis tic a l ta b les to m aintain u n iform ity and
b a la n ce in sp a cin g . M ay type routine fo r m le t t e r s , v aryin g details to suit
ci r cu m sta n ce s .

STENOGRAPHER
P r im a r y duty is to take d icta tion using shorthand, and to tr a n s c r ib e
the d ic ta tio n .
M ay a ls o type fr o m w ritten cop y. M ay o p e ra te fr o m a
s te n o g r a p h ic p o o l.
M ay o c c a s io n a lly tr a n s c r ib e fr o m v o ic e r e c o r d in g s (if
p r im a r y duty is t r a n s c r ib in g fr o m r e c o r d in g s , see T r a n s c r ib in g -M a c h in e
T y p is t ).

C la ss B . P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : Copy typing fr o m
rough o r c le a r d r a fts ; o r routine typing o f fo r m s , in su ra n ce p o lic ie s , e tc .;
o r settin g up s im p le stan dard tabu la tion s; o r copyin g m o r e c o m p le x ta bles
a lrea d y set up and sp a ce d p r o p e r ly .

N O T E : T h is jo b is d istin g u ish ed fr o m that of a s e c r e t a r y in that a
s e c r e t a r y n o r m a lly w o r k s in a co n fid en tia l rela tion sh ip w ith on ly one m a n a g er
o r e x e c u tiv e and p e r fo r m s m o r e re s p o n s ib le and d is c r e tio n a r y ta sk s as
d e s c r ib e d in th e s e c r e t a r y jo b defin ition .

F IL E C LE R K
F il e s , c la s s if i e s , and r e tr ie v e s m a te r ia l in an esta b lish ed filing
s y s te m . M ay p e r fo r m c le r ic a l and m anual tasks re q u ire d to m aintain file s .
P o s itio n s a re c la s s ifie d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g d efin ition s.

S te n o g r a p h e r, S e n io r . D icta tion in v o lv e s a v a r ie d te c h n ic a l o r s p e ­
c ia liz e d v o c a b u la r y such as in le g a l b r ie fs o r re p o rts on s c ie n tific r e s e a r c h .
M ay a ls o set up and m a in tain f ile s , keep r e c o r d s , etc.




31

F I L E C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

O R D E R C L E R K — C on tin u ed

C la ss A . C la s s ifie s and in dex es file m a te r ia l su ch as c o r r e s p o n d ­
e n c e , r e p o r t s , te c h n ic a l d o cu m e n ts, e t c ., in an e s ta b lis h e d filin g sy ste m
containing a n u m b er o f v a r ie d su b je ct m a tte r f ile s .
M ay a lso file this
m a te r ia l. M ay k eep r e c o r d s o f v a r io u s typ es in con ju n ction w ith the file s .
M ay lead a s m a ll g rou p o f lo w e r le v e l file c le r k s .

adequacy o f in form ation r e c o r d e d ; a s ce r ta in in g c re d it rating o f c u s to m e r ;
fu rn ish in g cu s to m e r with ackn ow ledgem ent o f r e c e ip t o f o r d e r ; fo llo w in g -u p
to see that o r d e r is d e liv e r e d by the s p e c ifie d date o r to let c u s to m e r know
o f a delay in d e liv e r y ; m aintaining o r d e r , file ; ch eck in g shipping in v o ice
against o r ig in a l o r d e r .

C la ss B . S o r ts , c o d e s , and file s u n c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by sim p le
(su b je ct m a tte r) h eadin gs o r p a rtly c la s s ifie d m a te r ia l by fin e r su bh eadin gs.
P r e p a r e s sim p le re la te d in dex and c r o s s - r e f e r e n c e a id s.
As req u ested ,
lo c a te s c le a r ly id e n tifie d m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia l. M ay p e r ­
fo r m re la te d c l e r i c a l ta sk s r e q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

E xclude w o rk e rs paid on a c o m m is s io n b a sis o r w hose duties in clu de
any o f the fo llo w in g : R eceiv in g o r d e r s fo r s e r v ic e s ra th er than fo r m a te r ia l
o r m e rch a n d ise ; p rovidin g cu s to m e rs w ith con su lta tiv e a d v ice using k n ow l­
edge gained fr o m en gin eerin g or ex te n siv e te c h n ic a l train in g; em p h a sizin g
s e llin g s k ills ; handling m a te ria l o r m e r c h a n d is e as an in te g ra l pa rt o f the jo b .

C la ss C . P e r fo r m s routine filin g o f m a te r ia l that has a lrea d y been
c la s s ifie d o r w h ich is e a s ily c la s s ifie d in a s im p le s e r ia l c la s s ific a tio n
s y s te m (e .g ., a lp h a b e tica l, c h r o n o lo g ic a l, o r n u m e r ic a l).
As re q u e ste d ,
lo c a te s r e a d ily a v a ila b le m a te r ia l in file s and fo r w a rd s m a te r ia l; and m ay
fill out w ith draw al c h a rg e . M ay p e r fo r m s im p le c le r i c a l and m anual tasks
re q u ire d to m ain tain and s e r v ic e file s .

P o sitio n s
d efin ition s:

M ESSENGER
P e r fo r m s v a r io u s routine duties su ch as running e r r a n d s , op era tin g
m in o r o ffic e m a ch in e s su ch as s e a le r s o r m a ile r s , opening and distribu tin g
m a il, and o th e r m in o r c le r i c a l w o rk . E x clu d e p o s itio n s that r e q u ire op era tion
o f a m o to r v e h ic le as a sig n ifica n t duty.

are

c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls

a c c o r d in g

to

the

follow in g

C la ss A . Handles o r d e r s that in v o lv e m aking ju dgm en ts su ch as
ch oosin g w hich s p e c ific p rod u ct o r m a te r ia l fr o m the e sta b lis h m e n t's p rod u ct
lin es w ill sa tisfy the c u s to m e r 's n e e d s, o r d eterm in in g the p r ic e to be quoted
when p r ic in g in volves m o r e than m e r e ly r e fe r r in g to a p r ic e lis t o r m aking
som e sim p le m a th em a tical c a lcu la tio n s .
C la ss B . Handles o r d e r s in v olv in g item s w hich have re a d ily id e n ­
tifie d uses and a p p lica tion s. May r e fe r to a c a ta lo g , m a n u fa c tu r e r's m anu al,
o r s im ila r docum ent to in su re that p r o p e r item is su p p lied o r to v e r ify
p r ic e o f o r d e r e d item .
ACCOUNTING CLERK

SW ITC H B O A R D O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le u sed w ith a p riv a te
b ra n ch ex ch an ge (P B X ) s y s te m to re la y in co m in g , ou tg oin g , and in tr a s y s te m
c a lls .
M ay p r o v id e in fo rm a tio n to c a l l e r s , r e c o r d and tr a n sm it m e s s a g e s ,
k eep r e c o r d o f c a lls p la ce d and to ll c h a r g e s . B e s id e s op era tin g a teleph on e
sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , m a y a lso type o r p e r fo r m routine c l e r i c a l w ork
(typing o r routine c le r i c a l w o rk m a y o c cu p y the m a jo r p o rtio n o f the w o r k e r 's
tim e , and is u su a lly p e r fo r m e d w hile at the sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le ). C h ief o r
lea d o p e r a t o r s in esta b lis h m e n ts em p loy in g m o r e than one o p e r a to r are
ex clu d e d . F o r am o p e r a t o r who a lso acts as a r e c e p t io n is t , se e S w itch boa rd
Ope r ato r - Re ce p tio n i s t .
SW ITCH BO AR D O P E R A T O R -R E C E P T IO N IS T
At a s in g le -p o s it io n telep h on e sw itch b o a rd o r c o n s o le , acts both as
an o p e r a to r — s e e S w itch b oa rd O p e ra to r — and as a r e c e p t io n is t . R e c e p tio n is t's
w ork in v o lv e s su ch du ties as g re e tin g v is it o r s ;, d eterm in in g n atu re o f v is it o r 's
b u sin e s s and p r o v id in g a p p rop ria te in fo rm a tio n ; r e fe r r in g v is it o r to a p p ro ­
p ria te p e r s o n in the o r g a n iz a tio n o r con ta ctin g that p e r s o n by telep h on e and
arran gin g am ap poin tm en t; k eepin g a lo g o f v is it o r s .
O R D E R C LE R K
R e c e iv e s w ritten o r v e r b a l c u s t o m e r s 1 p u rc h a se o r d e r s f o r m a te r ia l
o r m erch a m dise fr o m c u s to m e r s o r s a le s p e o p le .
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s
so m e com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g d u ties: Q uoting p r ic e s ; d eterm in in g a v a ila ­
b ility o f o r d e r e d ite m s and su g g estin g su bstitu tes w hen n e c e s s a r y ; a d visin g
e x p e cte d d e liv e r y date and m eth od o f d e liv e r y ; r e c o r d in g o r d e r and c u s to m e r
in fo rm a tio n on o r d e r sh e e ts ; ch eck in g o r d e r sh eets fo r a c c u r a c y amd




P e r fo r m s one o r m o r e a ccou n tin g c le r i c a l tasks su ch as p ostin g to
r e g is t e r s and le d g e r s ; r e co n cilin g bank a cco u n ts ; v e r ify in g the in tern a l c o n ­
s is te n c y , c o m p le te n e s s , and m a th em a tica l a c c u r a c y o f accou n tin g d ocu m en ts;
assign in g p r e s c r ib e d accoun tin g d istrib u tion c o d e s ; exam in in g and v e r ify in g
fo r c le r i c a l a c c u r a c y v a riou s types o f r e p o r t s , lis t s , c a lc u la tio n s , p ostin g ,
e t c .; o r p rep a rin g sim p le o r a s sistin g in p r e p a r in g m o r e c o m p lic a te d jo u r n a l
vou ch ers.
May w ork in eith er a m anual o r autom ated a ccou n tin g s y ste m .
The w ork re q u ire s a kn ow led ge o f c l e r i c a l m ethods and o ffic e
p r a c t ic e s and p r o ce d u r e s w hich re la te s to the c le r i c a l p r o c e s s in g and r e ­
c o rd in g o f tra n sa ction s and accoun tin g in fo rm a tio n .
W ith e x p e r ie n c e , the
w o r k e r ty p ica lly b e c o m e s fa m ilia r with the b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g te r m s
and p r o c e d u r e s used in the a ssig n ed w o rk , but is not r e q u ire d to have a
k n ow ledge o f the fo r m a l p r in cip le s o f b ook k eep in g and accou n tin g.
P o sitio n s
d efin ition s:

are

c la s s ifie d

into le v e ls

on the

b a sis o f the fo llo w in g

C la ss A . U nder g en era l s u p e r v is io n , p e r fo r m s accoun tin g c le r i c a l
o p e ra tio n s w hich req u ire the a p p lica tion o f e x p e r ie n c e and ju dgm en t, fo r
e x a m p le , c le r ic a lly p r o c e s s in g c o m p lic a te d o r n on re p e titiv e accou n tin g t r a n s ­
a c tio n s , se le ctin g am ong a su bstantial v a r ie ty o f p r e s c r ib e d a ccou n tin g cod es
and c la s s ific a t io n s , o r tra cin g tr a n s a ctio n s th rough p r e v io u s accou n tin g
action s to d eterm in e s o u r ce o f d is c r e p a n c ie s .
M ay be a s s is te d by one o r
m o r e c la s s B accounting c le r k s .
C la ss B . U nder c lo s e s u p e r v is io n , fo llo w in g d eta iled in stru ctio n s
and stan dardized p r o c e d u r e s , p e r fo r m s one o r m o r e rou tin e accou n tin g
c le r i c a l o p e r a tio n s , such as postin g to le d g e r s , c a r d s , o r w o rk s h e e ts

A C C O U N T IN G C L E R K — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T ,

w h ere id e n tifica tio n o f ite m s and loca tion s o f postin gs a r e c le a r ly in dicated;
ch eck in g a c c u r a c y and c o m p le te n e s s of stan dardized and re p e titiv e r e c o r d s
o r a ccou n tin g d o cu m e n ts; and codin g docum ents using a few p r e s c r ib e d
a ccou n tin g c o d e s .

BUSINESS— C o n tin u e d

D oes not in clude em p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e sp o n sib le fo r the m an­
agem ent o r su p e r v isio n o f oth er e le c tr o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r s y ste m s an alysts p r im a r ily c o n c e rn e d with s c ie n tific o r engineering
p r o b le m s .

PAYRO LL CLERK
F o r w age study p u rp oses, sy ste m s analysts are c la s s ifie d as follo w s :

P e r fo r m s the c l e r i c a l tasks n e c e s s a r y to p r o c e s s p a y r o lls and to
m a in tain p a y r o ll r e c o r d s .
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llow in g : P r o c e s s in g
w o r k e r s ' tim e o r p ro d u ctio n r e c o r d s ; adjusting w o r k e r s ' r e c o r d s fo r changes
in w age r a te s , su p p lem en ta ry b e n e fits, o r tax d ed u ction s; editing p a y r o ll
lis tin g s ag ain st s o u r c e r e c o r d s ; tracin g and c o rr e ctin g e r r o r s in lis tin g s ;
and a s s is tin g in p r e p a r a tio n o f p e r io d ic su m m ary p a y roll r e p o r t s .
In a nonau tom ated p a y r o ll s y s t e m , com p u tes w ag es.
W ork m ay re q u ire a p r a c tic a l
k n ow ledge o f g o v e rn m e n ta l re g u la tio n s, com pany p a y ro ll p o lic y , o r the
c o m p u te r s y s te m fo r p r o c e s s in g p a y r o lls .

C la ss A . W ork s independently o r under on ly g en era l d ire ctio n on’
c o m p le x p r o b le m s in volvin g a ll ph ases o f sy ste m s a n a ly sis. P r o b le m s are
c o m p le x b e c a u se o f d iv e r s e s o u r c e s o f input data and m u ltip le -u se r e q u ir e ­
m en ts o f output data.
(F o r e x a m p le, d ev elop s an in tegrated production
sch ed u lin g , in ven tory c o n tr o l, c o st a n a ly s is, and sa les analysis r e c o r d in
w hich e v e r y item o f ea ch type is au tom atica lly p r o c e s s e d through the full
s y s te m o f r e c o r d s and a p p rop ria te follow u p action s are initiated by the
c o m p u te r .) C on fers w ith p e r s o n s c o n c e rn e d to determ in e the data p r o c e s s in g
p r o b le m s and a d v is e s s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r so n n e l on the im p lica tion s o f new o r
r e v is e d s y ste m s o f data p r o c e s s in g o p e ra tio n s . M akes recom m en d a tion s, if
n eed ed , fo r ap p rov al o f m a jo r sy ste m s in sta lla tion s o r changes and fo r
obtaining equipm ent.

K EY E N T R Y O P E R A T O R
O p era tes k e y b o a r d -c o n t r o lle d data en try d ev ice such as keypunch
m a ch in e or k e y -o p e r a te d m a gn etic tape o r d isk e n co d e r to tr a n s c r ib e
data into a fo r m su ita b le fo r com p u ter p r o c e s s in g .
W ork r e q u ire s sk ill in
op era tin g an a lp h a n u m eric k ey b oa rd and an understanding o f tr a n sc r ib in g
p r o c e d u r e s and r e le v a n t data en try equipm ent.
P o s itio n s a r e
d e fin itio n s :

M ay p ro v id e fu n ction al d ir e c tio n to lo w e r
who a re a s sig n e d to a s s is t.

c la s s if i e d into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g
C la ss B . W ork s indepen den tly o r under on ly g en era l d ire ctio n on
p r o b le m s that are r e la tiv e ly u n com p lica ted to a n a lyze, plan, p r o g r a m , and
o p e r a te . P r o b le m s are o f lim ite d c o m p le x ity b e ca u se so u r c e s o f input data
are h om og en eou s and the output data are c lo s e ly related .
(F o r ex am p le,
d ev elop s s y ste m s fo r m aintaining d e p o s ito r accou n ts in a bank, m aintaining
accou n ts r e c e iv a b le in a r e ta il esta b lish m en t, o r m aintaining in ven tory
a ccou n ts in a m a n u factu rin g o r w h olesa le e sta b lish m en t.) C on fers with
p e r s o n s c o n c e r n e d to d eterm in e the data p r o c e s s in g p ro b le m s and a d vises
s u b je c t -m a tte r p e r s o n n e l on the im p lic a tio n s o f the data p r o c e s s in g sy stem s
to be a p plied.

C la s s A . W ork r e q u ir e s the ap p lica tion o f e x p e rie n c e and judgm ent
in s e le c t in g p r o c e d u r e s to be fo llo w e d and in sea rch in g f o r , in te rp re tin g ,
s e le c t in g , o r cod in g item s to be en tered fr o m a v a riety o f s o u r c e d ocu m en ts.
On o c c a s io n m a y a ls o p e r fo r m routine w ork as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s B.
N O T E : E x clu d ed a r e o p e r a to rs above c la s s A using the key en try
c o n t r o ls to a c c e s s , re a d , and evaluate the su bstance o f s p e c ific r e c o r d s to
take su bsta n tiv e a c tio n s , o r to m ake en tries requ irin g a s im ila r le v e l o f
kn ow led ge.
C la ss B . W ork is routine and rep etitiv e.
Under c lo s e su p e r v isio n
o r fo llo w in g s p e c ific p r o c e d u r e s o r detailed in stru ction s, w ork s fr o m v a riou s
sta n d a rd iz ed s o u r c e d ocu m en ts w hich have been cod ed and r e q u ire little o r no
s e le c t in g , c o d in g , o r in te rp re tin g of data to be en tered. R e fe r s to s u p e r v is o r
p r o b le m s a r is in g fr o m e r r o n e o u s ite m s, c o d e s , or m is s in g in form a tion .

OR
W ork s on a seg m en t o f a c o m p le x data p r o c e s s in g sch em e o r
s y s te m , as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A . W ork s independently on routine a s sig n ­
m ents and r e c e iv e s in stru ction and guidance on c o m p le x assign m en ts. W ork
is re v ie w e d fo r a c c u r a c y o f ju dgm en t, co m p lia n ce w ith in stru ctio n s, and to
in su re p r o p e r alignm ent with the o v e r a ll sy ste m .

Professional and Technical
C O M P U T E R SYSTEM S A N A L Y S T , BUSINESS

C la ss C . W ork s under im m ed ia te su p e r v is io n , ca rry in g out an alyses
as a s sig n e d , u su ally o f a sin g le a ctiv ity . A ssig n m en ts are design ed to
d ev e lo p and expand p r a c t ic a l e x p e rie n c e in the ap p lication o f p r o ce d u r e s and
sk ills re q u ire d fo r s y ste m s a n a ly sis w ork . F o r ex a m p le , m ay a s sist a high er
le v e l s y s te m s analyst by p re p a rin g the d etailed s p e cifica tio n s req u ired by
p r o g r a m m e r s fr o m in fo rm a tio n d ev elop ed by the h igh er le v e l analyst.

A n a ly z e s b u sin e s s p r o b le m s to form u la te p ro ce d u r e s fo r solvin g
th em by u se o f e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent. D evelop s a c o m p le te
d e s c r ip tio n o f a ll s p e c ific a tio n s needed to enable p r o g r a m m e r s to p re p a re
r e q u ir e d d ig ita l co m p u te r p r o g r a m s .
W ork in volves m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
A n a ly z e s s u b je c t -m a tte r o p e r a tio n s to be autom ated and id en tifies con dition s
and c r it e r ia r e q u ir e d to a c h ie v e sa tis fa c to r y re s u lts ; s p e c ifie s num ber and
ty p es o f r e c o r d s , f i l e s , and docum ents to be u sed; outlines a ction s to be
p e r fo r m e d by p e r s o n n e l and c o m p u te rs in su fficien t detail fo r p resen ta tion
to m a n a gem en t and f o r p r o g r a m m in g (ty p ic a lly this in v olv es p re p a ra tio n of
w o rk and data flo w c h a r t s ); c o o rd in a te s the d evelopm en t o f test p r o b le m s and
p a rticip a te s in t r ia l runs o f new and r e v is e d s y s te m s ; and re co m m e n d s
equ ipm ent ch a n g es to obtain m o r e e ffe ctiv e o v e ra ll o p e ra tio n s .
(N O TE:
W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both s y s te m s an alysis and p rogra m m in g sh ou ld be
c la s s ifi e d as s y s te m s a n a lysts if this is the sk ill u sed to d eterm in e th eir p a y.)




le v e l sy stem s analysts

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BUSINESS
C on v erts statem en ts o f b u sin ess p r o b le m s , ty p ic a lly p rep a red by a
s y s te m s a n alyst, into a seq u en ce o f d etailed in stru ction s w hich are r e ­
q u ired to so lv e the p r o b le m s by au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g equipm ent.
W orkin g fr o m ch a rts o r d ia g r a m s , the p r o g r a m m e r d ev elop s the p r e ­
c is e in stru ctio n s w h ich , when e n tered into the com p u ter sy stem in coded

33

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , BU SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R P R O G R A M M E R , B U SIN E SS— C o n tin u e d

language, ca u se the m anipulation o f data to ach ieve d e s ir e d r e s u lts . W ork
in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : A pplies kn ow ledge o f com p u ter ca p a ­
b ilit ie s , m a th e m a tic s, lo g ic em p loy ed by c o m p u te r s , and p a rticu la r su b ­
je c t m a tter in v olv ed to an alyze ch a rts and d ia g ra m s o f the p r o b le m to
be p r o g r a m m e d ; d ev elop s seq u en ce o f p r o g r a m ste p s; w rite s detailed flow
ch arts to show o r d e r in w h ich data w ill be p r o c e s s e d ; co n v e rts th ese
charts to c od ed in stru ctio n s fo r m a ch in e to fo llo w ; te s ts and c o r r e c t s
p r o g r a m s ; p r e p a r e s in stru ctio n s fo r op era tin g p e r s o n n e l during p rod u ction
run; a n a ly z e s , r e v ie w s , and a lte r s p r o g r a m s to in c r e a s e operatin g e f f i­
c ie n c y o r adapt to new re q u ire m e n ts ; m ain tains r e c o r d s o f p r o g r a m d e ­
v elopm en t and r e v is io n s . (N O TE: W o r k e rs p e r fo r m in g both sy ste m s an al­
y s is and p r o g r a m m in g should be c la s s ifie d as sy ste m s an alysts if this is
the s k ill used to d eterm in e th e ir p a y.)
D oes not in clu d e e m p lo y e e s p r im a r ily r e s p o n s ib le fo r the m a n ­
agem ent o r su p e r v is io n o f oth er e le c t r o n ic data p r o c e s s in g e m p lo y e e s ,
o r p r o g r a m m e r s p r im a r ily c o n c e r n e d w ith s c ie n tific a n d /o r en gin eerin g
p r o b le m s .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , p r o g r a m m e r s are c la s s ifie d

as

fo llo w s :

C la ss A . W ork s independently o r under on ly g en era l d ir e c tio n
on c o m p le x p r o b le m s w h ich re q u ire c o m p e te n ce in a ll ph ases o f p r o ­
gra m m in g con cep ts and p r a c t ic e s . W orkin g fr o m d ia g ra m s and charts
w hich id en tify the nature o f d e s ir e d r e s u lts , m a jo r p r o c e s s in g steps to
be a c c o m p lis h e d , and the rela tion sh ip s betw een v a rio u s steps o f the p r o b ­
le m solvin g rou tin e; plans the fu ll range o f p r o g r a m m in g action s needed
to e ffic ie n tly u tilize the co m p u te r s y s te m in a ch ievin g d e s ir e d end p ro d u c ts .
At this le v e l, p r o g r a m m in g is d ifficu lt b e c a u se com p u ter eq u ip ­
m ent m ust be o rg a n iz e d to p r o d u c e s e v e r a l in te r r e la te d but d iv e r s e p r o d ­
ucts fr o m n u m erou s and d iv e r s e data e le m e n ts .
A w ide v a r ie ty and e x ­
ten sive n u m ber o f in tern a l p r o c e s s in g a ction s m u st o c c u r .
T h is r e q u ire s
such a ction s as d ev elop m en t o f com m on o p e r a tio n s w hich can be r e ­
u sed, e sta b lish m en t o f linkage poin ts b etw een o p e r a tio n s , adju stm ents to
data when p r o g r a m re q u ire m e n ts e x c e e d c o m p u te r sto ra g e c a p a city , and
su bstantial m an ipu lation and re se q u e n cin g o f data elem en ts to fo r m a
highly in teg ra ted p r o g r a m .
M ay p r o v id e fu n ction al d ir e c tio n
are a ssig n ed to a s s is t.

to lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s who

C la ss B . W ork s in depen den tly o r under on ly g e n e r a l d ir e c tio n on
re la tiv e ly sim p le p r o g r a m s , o r on sim p le seg m en ts o f c o m p le x p r o g r a m s .
P r o g r a m s (o r se g m e n ts ) usually p r o c e s s in fo rm a tio n to p r o d u c e data in two
o r th ree v a r ie d seq u en ces o r fo r m a t s . R ep orts and lis tin g s a re p ro d u ce d by
refin in g , adapting, a r r a y in g , o r m aking m in o r additions to o r d eletion s fr o m
input data w h ich a re re a d ily a v a ila b le . W hile n u m erou s r e c o r d s m ay be
p r o c e s s e d , the data have been re fin e d in p r io r action s so that the a c c u r a c y
and seq u en cin g o f data can be te s te d by using a few routine c h e c k s . T y p ic a lly ,
the p r o g r a m d ea ls w ith routine r e co r d k e e p in g o p e r a tio n s .
OR
W ork s on c o m p le x p r o g r a m s (as d e s c r ib e d fo r c la s s A) under
c lo s e d ir e c tio n o f a h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r o r s u p e r v is o r .
M ay a s s is t
h igh er le v e l p r o g r a m m e r by in depen den tly p e r fo r m in g le s s d ifficu lt ta sk s
a s sig n e d , and p e r fo r m in g m o r e d ifficu lt ta sk s under fa ir ly c lo s e d ir e c tio n .




May guide o r in stru ct lo w e r le v e l p r o g r a m m e r s .
C lass C . M akes p r a c t ic a l a p p lica tio n s o f p r o g r a m m in g p r a c t ic e s
and con cep ts usu ally lea rn ed in fo r m a l tra in in g c o u r s e s .
A s sig n m e n ts
are d esig n ed to d ev elop c o m p e te n ce in the a p p lica tion o f stan dard p r o ­
c e d u r e s to routine p r o b le m s .
R e c e iv e s c lo s e s u p e r v is io n on new a s p e cts
o f a ssig n m en ts; and w ork is re v ie w e d to v e r ify its a c c u r a c y and co n fo r m a n c e
w ith r e q u ire d p r o c e d u r e s .
COM PUTER OPERATOR
In a c c o rd a n c e w ith op era tin g in s t r u c t io n s , m o n ito r s and o p e r a te s
the c o n t r o l co n s o le o f a d igital co m p u te r to p r o c e s s data. E x e cu te s runs by
e ith e r s e r ia l p r o c e s s in g (p r o c e s s e s one p r o g r a m at a tim e ) o r m u lt i­
p r o c e s s in g (p r o c e s s e s two o r m o r e p r o g r a m s s im u lta n e o u sly ). The follow in g
duties c h a r a c te r iz e the w ork o f a co m p u te r o p e r a t o r :
- Studies
needed.

op era tin g

- Loads equipm ent
p a p er, e tc .).

in s tru ctio n s
with

to

r e q u ir e d

d e te rm in e
ite m s

equ ipm ent

(ta p e s,

cards,

setup
d is k s ,

- Sw itch es n e c e s s a r y a u x illia r y equ ipm en t into s y s te m .
- Starts and o p e ra te s c o m p u te r.
- R esponds to operatin g and co m p u te r output in s tru ctio n s .
- R eview s e r r o r m e s s a g e s and m a k es c o r r e c t io n s during op e ra tio n
or r e fe r s p r o b le m s .
- M aintains operatin g r e c o r d .
M ay te s t-r u n new or m o d ifie d p r o g r a m s . M ay a s s i s t in m od ify in g
s y s te m s o r p r o g r a m s . The s c o p e o f this d e fin itio n in clu d es tr a in e e s w ork in g
to b e c o m e fu lly q u a lified c o m p u te r o p e r a t o r s , fu lly q u a lifie d co m p u te r
o p e r a t o r s , and lead o p e r a to rs p r o v id in g te c h n ic a l a s s is ta n c e to lo w e r le v e l
o p e r a t o r s . It ex clu d es w o rk e r s w ho m o n ito r and o p e r a te re m o te te r m in a ls .
C lass A . In addition to w o rk a ssig n m en ts d e s c r ib e d fo r a c la s s B
o p e r a t o r (see b e lo w ) the w ork o f a c la s s A o p e r a t o r in v o lv e s at le a st one
o f the follow in g :
- D eviates fr o m standard p r o c e d u r e s to av oid the lo s s o f in fo r ­
m ation o r to c o n s e r v e c o m p u te r tim e ev en though the p r o c e d u r e s
applied m a te r ia lly a lte r the co m p u te r u n it's p r o d u ctio n p la n s.
- T ests new p r o g r a m s , a p p lic a tio n s , and p r o c e d u r e s .
- A d v ises p r o g r a m m e r s
tech n iq u es.

and

s u b je c t -m a t t e r

e x p e rts

on

setup

- A s s is ts in (1) m ain tain in g , m o d ify in g , and d ev elop in g op era tin g
sy stem s o r p r o g r a m s ; (2) d e v e lo p in g op era tin g in stru ctio n s and
tech niques to c o v e r p r o b le m situ a tion s; a n d /o r (3) sw itch in g to
e m e r g e n c y backup p r o c e d u r e s (su ch a s s is ta n c e r e q u ir e s a w ork in g
know ledge o f p r o g r a m la n g u a ge, co m p u te r fe a t u r e s , and softw a re
s y s t e m s ).
An o p e r a to r at this le v e l t y p ic a lly g u id es

lo w e r

le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

C O M P U T E R O P E R A T O R — C o n tin u e d

C O M P U T E R D A T A L IB R A R IA N

C la ss B . In addition to esta b lish ed produ ction run s, w ork a s s ig n ­
m en ts in clu d e runs in v olv in g new p r o g r a m s , a p p lica tion s, and p r o ce d u r e s
( i .e ., situ ation s w h ich r e q u ire the o p e r a to r to adapt to a v a rie ty o f p r o b le m s ).
At th is le v e l, the o p e r a t o r has the training and ex p e rie n ce to w ork fa ir ly
in depen den tly in c a r r y in g out m o s t assign m en ts. A ssig n m en ts m ay req u ire
the o p e r a t o r to s e le c t fr o m a v a rie ty o f standard setup and operatin g
p roced u res.
In resp on d in g to com p u ter output in stru ction s o r e r r o r c o n ­
d itio n s, a p p lies stan dard op era tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e p r o c e d u r e s , but m ay
dev iate fr o m stan dard p r o c e d u r e s when standard p r o ce d u r e s fa il if deviation
does not m a te r ia lly a lte r the com p u ter unit's p rodu ction p la n s. R e fe r s the
p r o b le m o r a b orts the p r o g r a m when p r o ce d u r e s applied do not p rov id e a
solu tion . M ay guide lo w e r le v e l o p e r a t o r s .

M aintains lib r a r y o f m ed ia (ta p es, d is k s , c a r d s , c a s s e tte s ) used
fo r au tom atic data p r o c e s s in g a p p lica tion s.
The follow in g or sim ila r duties
c h a r a c t e r iz e the w ork of a com p u ter data lib ra ria n : C la ss ify in g , catalogin g,
and storin g m ed ia in a c c o r d a n c e with a stan d ard ized sy stem ; upon p ro p e r
re q u e s ts , r e le a s in g m ed ia fo r p r o c e s s in g ; m aintaining r e c o r d s of r e le a s e s
and re tu rn s; in sp ectin g retu rn ed m ed ia fo r dam age o r e x c e s s iv e w ear to
d eterm in e w hether o r not they n eed re p la cin g .
M ay p e r fo r m m in or rep a irs
to dam aged ta pes.

C la ss C . W ork a ssig n m en ts are lim ite d to esta b lish ed prod u ction
runs ( i .e ., p r o g r a m s w h ich p r e s e n t few operatin g p r o b le m s ). A ssig n m en ts
m a y c o n s is t p r im a r ily o f o n -t h e -jo b trainin g (som etim es augm ented by
c la s s r o o m in s tru ctio n ). When lea rn in g to run p r o g r a m s , the s u p e r v is o r o r a
h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r p r o v id e s d eta iled w ritten o r o r a l guidance to the
o p e r a t o r b e fo r e and du ring the run. A fter the o p e r a to r has gained e x p e rie n c e
w ith a p r o g r a m , h o w e v e r, the o p e r a to r w ork s fa irly independently in
applying stan dard op era tin g o r c o r r e c t iv e , p r o ce d u r e s in respon din g to
co m p u te r output in s tru ctio n s o r e r r o r con d ition s, but r e fe r s p r o b le m s to a
h ig h er le v e l o p e r a t o r o r the s u p e r v is o r when standard p r o c e d u r e s fa il.

O p e ra te s p e r ip h e r a l equipm ent w h i c h d ir e c tly su pports digital
co m p u te r o p e r a t io n s . Such equipm ent is uniquely and s p e c ific a lly design ed
f o r c o m p u te r a p p lic a tio n s , but n eed not be p h y sica lly o r e le c tr o n ic a lly
c o n n e cte d to a c o m p u te r .
P r in t e r s , p lo tte r s , ca rd r e a d /p u n c h e s , tape
r e a d e r s , tape units o r d r iv e s , disk units o r d r iv e s , and data display units
are e x a m p le s o f su ch equ ipm en t.
The fo llo w in g du ties c h a r a c t e r iz e the w ork o f a p e r ip h e r a l equipm ent
ope r a to r:
- L oad in g p r in te r s and p lotters with c o r r e c t p a p e r; adjusting
c o n t r o ls fo r f o r m s , th ic k n e s s, ten sion , printing d en sity, and
lo c a tio n ; and u nloading hard copy.
- L a b e llin g tape r e e ls , d is k s , o r ca rd d eck s.
C h ecking la b e ls and m ounting and dism ounting
r e e ls o r disk s on s p e c ifie d units o r d r iv e s .

d esign ated tape

- Setting c o n t r o ls w h ich regu late op era tion o f the equipm ent.
- O b s e rv in g p a n el lig h ts fo r w arnings
taking a p p ro p r ia te a ction .

and e r r o r

in d ica tion s and

- E xam in in g ta p e s , c a r d s , o r oth er m a te ria l fo r c r e a s e s , te a r s ,
o r o th e r d e fe c ts w h ich cou ld cau se p r o c e s s in g p r o b le m s .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s w o rk e r s (1) who m o n ito r and op era te a
c o n t r o l c o n s o le (s e e co m p u te r o p e r a t o r ) o r a rem ote te r m in a l, o r (2) w hose
du ties a re lim ite d to o p e ra tin g d e c o lla t e r s , b u r s te r s , s e p a r a to r s , o r s im ila r
equ ipm en t.




P e r fo r m s drafting w ork req u irin g know ledge and sk ill in drafting
m eth od s, p r o c e d u r e s , and tech n iq u es.
P r e p a r e s draw in gs of stru ctu res,
m e ch a n ica l and e le c t r ic a l equ ipm ent, piping and duct sy stem s and other
s im ila r equipm ent, s y s t e m s , and a s s e m b lie s .
U ses r e co g n iz e d sy stem s of
s y m b o ls , le g e n d s, sh ad in g s, and lin e s having s p e c ific m eanings in draw ings.
D raw ings a re u sed to com m u n ica te en gin eerin g id e a s , d e s ig n s, and in fo rm a ­
tion in su pport o f en gin eerin g fu n ction s.
The follow in g a r e ex clu d ed when they con stitu te the p rim a ry pu rpose
o f the jo b :
-

D esig n w ork req u irin g the te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge,
to c o n c e iv e or orig in a te d e s ig n s;

-

Illu stratin g w o rk req u irin g a r tis tic a b ility ;

-

P E R IP H E R A L E Q U IPM EN T O P E R A T O R

-

DRAFTER

W ork in volvin g t h e
p re p a ra tio n
a rra n g e m e n ts, flo o r p la n s, e tc .;

-

C a rtog ra p h ic w ork in volvin g the p re p a ra tio n o f m aps o r plats
and re la te d m a t e r ia ls , and draw in gs o f g e o lo g ic a l stru ctu re s ; and

-

S u p e r v is o r y w o rk in volvin g the m anagem ent o f a drafting p ro g ra m
o r the s u p e r v is io n o f d r a fte r s .

P o sitio n s
defin ition s.

a r e c la s s ifie d

of

c h a rts ,

sk ill, and ability

d ia g ra m s,

room

into le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C lass A. W orks c lo s e ly w ith d e sig n o r ig in a to r s , p reparin g draw ings
o f unusual^ c o m p le x or o r ig in a l design s w hich re q u ire a high d e g re e o f
p r e c is io n .
P e r fo r m s unusually d iffic u lt a ssign m en ts requ irin g co n s id e ra b le
in itia tiv e, r e s o u r c e fu ln e s s , and draftin g e x p e r tis e . A s s u r e s that anticipated
p r o b le m s in m a n u fa ctu re, a s s e m b ly , in sta lla tion , and op era tion a r e resolved,
by the draw in gs p rod u ced .
E x e r c is e s independent judgm ent in selectin g and
in terp retin g data b a sed on a kn ow ledge o f the d e s ig n intent. Although w orking
p r im a r ily as a d r a fte r , m a y o c c a s io n a lly p e r fo r m en gin eerin g design w ork
in in terp retin g g en era l d esign s p r e p a r e d by oth ers o r in com p letin g m issin g
d e s ig n d eta ils.
M ay p ro v id e a d v ic e and guidance to lo w e r le v e l d ra fters or
s e r v e as c o o rd in a to r and plann er fo r la rg e and c o m p le x drafting p r o je c ts .
C lass B.
P r e p a r e s c o m p le te sets o f c o m p le x draw ings w hich
in clu de m u ltip le v ie w s , d eta il d ra w in g s, and a s s e m b ly draw in gs. D raw ings
in clude c o m p le x d e s ig n fe a tu re s that re q u ire c o n s id e r a b le drafting sk ill to
v is u a liz e and p or tr a y . A ssig n m en ts r e g u la r ly r e q u ire the u se o f m ath em atical
fo rm u la s to com pu te w eig h ts, loa d c a p a c it ie s , d im e n s io n s, quantities of
m a te r ia ls , etc.
W orking fr o m sk etch es and v e r b a l in form a tion supplied by
an en gin eer or d e s ig n e r , d e te rm in e s the m o s t a p p rop ria te v ie w s , detail
d ra w in g s, and su p p lem en ta ry in fo rm a tio n n eeded to co m p le te a ssign m en ts.
S e le cts r e q u ire d in fo rm a tio n fr o m p r e c e d e n ts , m a n u fa c tu r e rs ' c a ta lo g s, and
te c h n ic a l gu id es. Independently r e s o lv e s m o s t o f the p r o b le m s en cou ntered.
S u p e r v iso r o r d e s ig n e r m a y su g g est m ethods o f ap p roa ch or provid e a d vice
on u nusually d ifficu lt p r o b le m s .

D R A F T E R — C o n tin u e d

E L E C T R O N IC S T E C H N IC IA N — C o n tin u e d

N O T E : E xclu d e d r a fte r s p e r fo rm in g w ork o f s im ila r d ifficu lty to
that d e s c r ib e d at th is le v e l but w ho p r o v id e su p p ort fo r a v a r ie ty o f o r g a n i­
za tion s w hich have w id e ly d iffe r in g fu n ction s o r r e q u ire m e n ts.

freq u en t en gin eerin g changes.
W ork in v o lv e s : A d eta iled understan din g o f
the in terrela tion sh ip s o f c ir c u it s ; e x e r c is in g independent ju dgm en t in p e r ­
fo r m in g such tasks as m aking c ir c u it a n a ly s e s , ca lcu la tin g w ave fo r m s ,
tra cin g relation sh ip s in sign al flo w ; and r e g u la r ly using c o m p le x text in ­
stru m en ts (e .g ., dual tr a c e o s c ill o s c o p e s , Q -m e t e r s , d ev ia tion m e t e r s ,
p u lse g e n e r a to rs ).

C la ss C . P r e p a r e s v a r io u s draw in gs o f p a rts and a s s e m b lie s ,
including s e c tio n a l p r o file s , ir r e g u la r o r r e v e r s e c u r v e s , hidden lin e s , and
sm a ll o r in tr ic a te d e ta ils .
W ork r e q u ir e s u se o f m o s t o f the con v en tion a l
drafting tech n iq u es and a w ork in g kn ow led ge of the te r m s and p r o c e d u r e s o f
the in du stry.
F a m ilia r o r r e c u r r in g w o rk is a s sig n e d in g e n e r a l t e r m s ;
u n fa m ilia r a s sig n m en ts in clu d e in fo rm a tio n on m e th o d s , p r o c e d u r e s , s o u r c e s
of in fo rm a tio n , and p r e ce d e n ts to be fo llo w e d .
S im p le r e v is io n s to ex istin g
draw ings m a y be a s sig n e d w ith a v e r b a l explan ation o f the d e s ir e d r e s u lts ;
m o r e c o m p le x r e v is io n s a r e p r o d u c e d fr o m sk etch es w hich c le a r ly d ep ict
the d e s ir e d p rod u ct.
C la ss D.
P r e p a r e s d raw in gs o f s im p le , e a s ily v is u a liz e d p a rts or
equipm ent fr o m sk etch es o r m a rk e d -u p p rin ts. S elects a p p rop ria te tem p la tes
and oth er equipm ent n eeded to c o m p le te a ssig n m e n ts .
D ra w in gs fit fa m ilia r
patterns and p r e s e n t few te c h n ic a l p r o b le m s . S u p e r v is o r p r o v id e s d eta iled
in stru ction s on new a s s ig n m e n ts , g iv e s g u id an ce when q u estion s a r is e , and
re v ie w s c o m p le te d w o rk fo r a c c u r a c y .
C la ss E . W orkin g u nder c lo s e su p e r v is io n , t r a c e s o r c o p ie s
fin ish ed d r a w in g s , m aking c le a r ly in d ica ted r e v is io n s .
U ses a p p ro p ria te
tem p la tes to d raw c u r v e d lin e s . A s sig n m e n ts a r e d e s ig n e d to d ev e lo p
in cre a s in g s k ill in v a r io u s d ra ftin g tech n iq u es. W ork is s p o t-c h e c k e d during
p r o g r e s s and r e v ie w e d upon c o m p le tio n .
N O T E : E x clu d e d r a f t e r s
p e r fo r m in g e le m e n ta r y
r e ce iv in g train in g in the m o s t b a s ic draftin g m eth od s.

tasks

w h ile

E LE CTRO N IC S TECHNICIAN
W ork s on v a r io u s typ es o f e le c t r o n ic equipm ent and rela ted d e v ice s
by p e r fo rm in g one o r a com b in a tion o f the follow in g : In stallin g , m ain taining,
rep a irin g , o v e rh a u lin g , tr o u b le s h o o tin g , m o d ify in g , c o n s tru ctin g , and testin g .
W ork r e q u ir e s p r a c tic a l a p p lica tion o f te c h n ic a l know ledge, o f e le c t r o n ic s
p r in c ip le s , a b ility to d eterm in e m a lfu n c tio n s, and s k ill to put equipm ent in
r e q u ire d op era tin g con d ition .
The equipm ent— c o n s istin g o f e ith e r m any d ifferen t kinds o f c ir c u its
o r m u ltip le rep etition o f the sa m e kind o f c ir c u it— in c lu d e s , but is not lim ite d
to, the fo llo w in g : (a) E le c t r o n ic tra n sm ittin g and r e ce iv in g equipm ent (e .g .,
ra d a r, r a d io , te le v is io n , telep h on e, s o n a r , n a v iga tion a l a id s), (b) d ig ita l and
analog c o m p u te r s , and (c ) in d u stria l and m e d ic a l m ea su rin g and c o n tro llin g
equipm ent.
T h is c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s r e p a ir e r s o f su ch standard e le c t r o n ic
equipm ent as co m m o n o ffic e m a ch in e s and h ou seh old radio and te le v is io n
s e ts ; p ro d u ctio n a s s e m b le r s and t e s t e r s ; w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a r y duty is
s e r v ic in g e le c t r o n ic te s t in stru m e n ts ; te ch n icia n s who have a d m in istra tiv e
o r s u p e r v is o r y r e s p o n s ib ility ; and d r a ft e r s , d e s ig n e r s , and p r o fe s s io n a l
enginee r s .
P o s itio n s
defin ition s:

a re c la s s ifie d

into

le v e ls on the b a sis o f the follow in g

C la ss A . A p p lies advanced te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to so lv e unusually
c o m p le x p r o b le m s ( i .e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly cannot be s o lv e d s o le ly by
r e fe r e n c e to m a n u fa c tu r e r s ' m anuals o r s im ila r docu m en ts) in w ork in g on
e le c tr o n ic equ ipm ent.
E x a m p les o f su ch p r o b le m s in clude lo c a tio n and
den sity o f c ir c u it r y , e le c tr o m a g n e tic ra d ia tion , isola tin g m a lfu n ctio n s, and




W ork m ay be re v ie w e d by s u p e r v is o r (freq u en tly an e n g in eer or
d e s ig n e r ) for g en era l c o m p lia n ce w ith a c c e p te d p r a c t ic e s .
M ay p r o v id e
te c h n ic a l guidance to lo w e r le v e l te c h n ic ia n s .
C lass B. A p p lies c o m p r e h e n s iv e te c h n ic a l kn ow ledge to so lv e c o m ­
p lex p rob lem s ( i.e ., th ose that ty p ic a lly can be s o lv e d s o le ly by p r o p e r ly
in terp retin g m a n u fa ctu re rs ' m anuals o r s im ila r d ocu m en ts) in w orkin g on
e le c tr o n ic equipm ent. W ork in v o lv e s : A fa m ilia r ity w ith the in te r r e la tio n ­
sh ips o f c ir c u it s ; and judgm ent in d eterm in in g w o rk seq u en ce and in s e le ctin g
to o ls and testing in stru m en ts, u su a lly le s s c o m p le x that th o se u sed by the
c la s s A tech n icia n .

R e c e iv e s tech n ica l g u id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l te ch n icia n , and w ork is re v ie w e d fo r s p e c ific c o m p lia n c e w ith a c c e p te d
p r a c t ic e s and w ork a ssign m en ts.
M ay p r o v id e te c h n ic a l gu id an ce to lo w e r
le v e l tech n icia n s.
C lass C. A p p lies w orkin g te c h n ic a l k n ow ledge to p e r fo r m s im p le or
routine tasks In w orkin g on e le c tr o n ic equ ipm en t, fo llo w in g d eta iled in ­
stru ctio n s w hich c o v e r v irtu a lly a ll p r o c e d u r e s . W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s su ch
ta sk s a s : A s sis tin g high er le v e l te ch n icia n s by p e r fo r m in g su ch a c tiv itie s as
r e p la cin g com p on en ts, w irin g c ir c u it s , and taking te s t r e a d in g s; r e p a irin g
sim p le e le c tr o n ic equipm ent; and using to o ls and c o m m o n te s t in stru m en ts
(e .g ., m u lt im e t e r s , audio sign al g e n e r a t o r s , tube t e s t e r s , o s c ill o s c o p e s ) . Is
not r e q u ire d to be fa m ilia r with the in te r re la tio n s h ip s o f c ir c u it s . T h is
k n ow led ge, h ow ev er, m ay be a c q u ir e d th rou gh a s sig n m en ts d esig n ed to in ­
c r e a s e com p eten ce (in cluding c la s s r o o m tra in in g ) s o that w o r k e r can ad va n ce
to h igh er le v e l tech n icia n .
R e c e iv e s tech n ica l g u id an ce, as r e q u ir e d , fr o m s u p e r v is o r o r h igh er
le v e l tech n icia n . W ork is ty p ic a lly s p o t-c h e c k e d , but is given d eta iled r e v ie w
w hen new or advanced a ssign m en ts a r e in v olv ed .
REG ISTER ED INDUSTRIAL NURSE
A r e g is te r e d n u rse g iv e s n u rsin g s e r v ic e under g e n e r a l m e d ic a l
d ir e c tio n to ill o r in ju red e m p lo y e e s o r oth er p e r s o n s w ho b e c o m e ill o r
s u ffe r an a ccid en t on the p r e m is e s o f a fa c t o r y o r oth er esta b lish m en t.
D uties in volve a com b in a tion o f the fo llo w in g : G iving f ir s t aid to the i ll o r
in ju re d ; attending to su bsequ en t d r e s s in g o f e m p lo y e e s ' in ju r ie s ; k eepin g
r e c o r d s o f patients tre a te d ; p r e p a rin g a c c id e n t r e p o r t s fo r co m p e n sa tio n o r
oth er p u r p o s e s ; a s sistin g in p h y s ic a l ex a m in a tion s and health ev alu ation s o f
ap p lican ts and e m p lo y e e s ; and planning and c a r r y in g out p r o g r a m s in volvin g

R E G I S T E R E D IN D U S T R IA L N U R S E — C on tin u ed

M A IN T E N A N C E M A C H IN IS T — C o n tin u e d

h ealth ed u ca tio n , a c c id e n t p r e v e n tio n , evalu ation o f plant e n v iro n m e n t, o r
o th e r a c tiv it ie s a ffe c tin g the h ealth , w e lfa r e , and safety o f a ll p e r s o n n e l.
N u rsin g s u p e r v is o r s o r head n u r s e s in esta b lish m en ts em p loy in g m o r e than
one n u r s e a re e x clu d e d .

Maintenance, Toolroom, and Powerplant

m a ch in e to o ls ; shaping o f m eta l pa rts to c lo s e t o le r a n c e s ; making standard
shop com pu ta tion s relatin g to d im en sion s o f w o rk , to o lin g , fe e d s , and speeds
o f m a ch in in g; know ledge of the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s o f the com m on m eta ls;
s e le ctin g standard m a te r ia ls , p a rts, and equipm ent re q u ire d fo r this w ork;
and fittin g and a s se m b lin g parts into m e ch a n ica l equipm ent. In g en e ra l, the
m a ch in is t's w ork n o rm a lly r e q u ire s a rounded trainin g in m a ch in e-sh op
p r a c tic e u su a lly a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip or equivalent
trainin g and e x p e rie n c e .

M A IN T E N A N C E C A R P E N T E R

M AIN TEN AN CE MECHANIC (M ACH IN E RY)

P e r f o r m s the c a r p e n t r y duties n e c e s s a r y to c o n s tru ct and m ain tain
in g o o d r e p a ir b u ild in g w o o d w o r k and equipm ent su ch as b in s , c r ib s , cou n ters,
b e n c h e s , p a r t itio n s , d o o r s , f l o o r s , s t a ir s , c a s in g s , and t r im m ade o f w ood
in an e s ta b lis h m e n t. W o r k in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lann in g and
la y in g out o f w o rk fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, m o d e ls , o r v e r b a l in s tru ctio n s ;
u sin g a v a r ie ty o f c a r p e n t e r 's h a n d tools, p orta b le p ow er t o o l s , and stan dard
m e a s u r in g in s tru m e n ts ; m akin g stan dard shop com pu tation s rela tin g to d i­
m e n s io n s o f w o r k ; and s e le c t in g m a te r ia ls n e c e s s a r y fo r the w o rk . In g en ­
e r a l, the w o r k o f the m a in ten a n ce c a r p e n te r re q u ire s rounded tra in in g and
e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

R e p a irs m a ch in e ry o r m e c h a n ica l equipm ent o f an establishm ent.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : E xam ining m a ch in es and m ech an ica l
equipm ent to dia gn ose s o u r c e o f tro u b le ; dism antlin g or partly dism antling
m a ch in es and p e r fo rm in g r e p a ir s that m a in ly in volve the use o f handtools in
scra p in g and fitting p a rts; rep la cin g b rok en or d e fe c tiv e parts with item s
obtain ed fr o m sto ck ; o r d e rin g the p rod u ction o f a rep la cem en t part by a
m a ch in e shop o r sending the m ach in e to a m a ch in e shop fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s ;
p rep a rin g w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s fo r m a jo r r e p a ir s o r fo r the p rodu ction of
pa rts o r d e r e d fr o m m ach in e sh ops; r e a s s e m b lin g m a ch in es; and making all
n e c e s s a r y adju stm en ts fo r op era tion .
In g e n e r a l, the w ork o f a m a ch in ery
m ain ten an ce m ech a n ic r e q u ire s rounded train in g and ex p e rie n ce usually
a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent training and e x ­
p e r ie n c e .
E x clu d ed fr o m this c la s s ific a t io n a r e w o r k e r s w hose p rim a ry
duties in v olv e setting up or adjusting m a ch in es.

M A IN T E N A N C E E L E C T R IC IA N
P e r f o r m s a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l trad e fu n ction s su ch as the in ­
sta lla tio n , m a in te n a n ce , o r r e p a ir o f equipm ent fo r the g e n e ra tio n , d is t r i­
b u tion , o r u tiliz a tio n o f e l e c t r i c e n e rg y in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s
m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : In sta llin g o r re p a irin g any o f a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic a l
equ ipm en t su ch as g e n e r a t o r s , t r a n s fo r m e r s , s w itch b o a rd s , c o n t r o lle r s ,
c ir c u it b r e a k e r s , m o t o r s , heating units, conduit s y s t e m s , o r o th e r t r a n s ­
m is s io n eq u ip m en t; w ork in g fr o m b lu e p r in ts , d ra w in g s, la y o u ts , o r oth e r
s p e c ific a t io n s ; lo c a tin g and d ia gn osin g tro u b le in the e le c t r ic a l s y s te m o r
eq u ip m en t; w ork in g sta n d a rd com pu ta tion s relatin g to loa d re q u ire m e n ts o f
w irin g o r e l e c t r i c a l eq u ip m en t; and using a v a r ie ty o f e le c t r ic ia n 's han dtools
and m e a s u rin g and te s tin g in stru m e n ts . In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ­
ten a n ce e le c t r ic ia n r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a cq u ired
th rou g h a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N A N C E P A IN T E R
P a in ts and r e d e c o r a t e s w a lls , w ood w ork , and fix tu re s o f an e s ta b ­
lis h m e n t. W ork in v o lv e s the fo llo w in g : K now ledge o f s u r fa c e p e c u lia r itie s
and ty p e s o f paint r e q u ir e d fo r d iffe re n t a p p lica tion s; p rep a rin g s u r fa c e fo r
paintin g by r e m o v in g o ld fin ish o r by p la cin g putty o r f ill e r in n a il h oles
and in t e r s t ic e s ; and ap plying paint w ith sp ra y gun o r bru sh . M ay m ix c o lo r s ,
o i l s , w hite le a d , and o th e r paint in g red ien ts to obtain p r o p e r c o lo r o r c o n ­
s is te n c y . In g e n e r a l, the w o r k o f the m ain ten an ce p a in ter r e q u ir e s rounded
tr a in in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su a lly a c q u ir e d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
eq u iv a len t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
M A IN TE N A N C E M ACHINIST
P r o d u c e s r e p la c e m e n t p a rts and new p a rts in m aking r e p a ir s o f
m e ta l p a rts o f m e c h a n ic a l equ ipm en t o p e ra te d in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in ­
v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g ; In terp retin g w ritten in stru ctio n s and s p e c ifi c a ­
tio n s ; planning and la yin g out o f w ork ; using a v a rie ty o f m a c h in is t's handDigitizedls and p r e c i s io n m e a s u r in g in stru m e n ts ; setting up and op era tin g stan dard
to o for FRASER



M AIN TEN AN CE M ECHANIC (M O TO R V E H IC LE )
R e p a irs a u to m o b ile s, b u s e s , m o t o r t r u c k s , and tr a c to r s o f an e sta b ­
lish m en t.
W ork in v olv es m o s t o f the fo llo w in g :
Exam ining autom otive
equipm ent to d ia gn ose s o u r c e o f tr o u b le ; d is a s s e m b lin g equipm ent and p e r ­
fo r m in g r e p a ir s that in v olv e the u se o f su ch h an dtools as w re n ch e s , gauges,
d r ills , o r s p e c ia liz e d equipm ent in d is a s s e m b lin g o r fitting p a rts; replacin g
b rok en o r d e fe c tiv e parts fr o m sto ck ; grin din g and adjusting v a lv e s ; r e ­
a s se m b lin g and in stallin g the v a rio u s a s s e m b lie s in the v e h icle and making
n e c e s s a r y a d ju stm en ts; and align in g w h e e ls , adju sting b ra k es and lig h ts, or
tightening body b o lts.
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m o to r v e h ic le m aintenance
m ech a in c r e q u ir e s rounded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally acq u ired through
a fo r m a l a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalent train in g and e x p e rie n c e .
T h is c la s s ific a t io n d o e s not i n c l u d e
c u s t o m e r s ' v e h ic le s in au tom ob ile r e p a ir sh ops.

m ech a n ics

who

rep a ir

M AIN TEN AN CE P IP E F IT T E R
In sta lls or r e p a ir s w a te r, ste a m , g a s, o r oth er types o f pipe and
p ip efittin g s in an esta b lish m en t. W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Laying
out w ork and m ea su rin g to lo c a te p o s itio n o f pipe fr o m draw ings or other
w ritten s p e c ific a tio n s ; cutting v a r io u s s iz e s o f pipe to c o r r e c t lengths with
c h is e l and h a m m er or ox y a ce ty le n e to r c h or p ip e-cu ttin g m a ch in es; threading
pipe w ith sto ck s and d ie s ; bending pipe by h a n d -d riv e n or p o w e r-d r iv e n
m a ch in e s; a s se m b lin g pipe w ith cou p lin g s and fasten in g pipe to h an gers;
m aking stan dard shop com pu ta tion s rela tin g to p r e s s u r e s , flow , and siz e of
pipe r e q u ire d ; and m aking stan dard te s ts to d eterm in e w hether fin ish ed pipes
m e e t s p e c ific a tio n s .
In g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m aintenance pip efitter
r e q u ir e s roun ded train in g and e x p e rie n c e u su ally a c q u ir e d through a fo r m a l
a p p re n tice s h ip or equ ivalent train in g and e x p e r ie n c e .
W ork ers p r im a rily
engaged in in stallin g and re p a ir in g building sanitation o r heating system s
a r e ex clu d ed .

M A IN T E N A N C E S H E E T - M E T A L W O R K E R

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (T O O L R O O M )— C o n tin u e d

F a b r ic a t e s , in s t a lls , and m ain tains in good r e p a ir the sh e e t-m e ta l
equipm ent and fix tu re s (su ch as m a ch in e g u a rd s, g re a s e p a n s, s h e lv e s ,
lo c k e r s , ta n k s, v e n t ila t o r s , ch u tes, d u cts, m eta l r o o fin g ) o f an esta b lish m en t.
W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : P lanning and layin g out all ty p es o f
s h e e t-m e ta l m a in ten an ce w ork fr o m b lu e p r in ts , m o d e ls , o r oth e r s p e c ifi c a ­
tio n s ; settin g up and o p e ra tin g all a v a ila b le ty p es o f s h e e t-m e ta l w ork in g
m a ch in e s; using a v a r ie ty o f h an dtools in cuttin g, ben din g, fo r m in g , shaping,
fittin g, and a s s e m b lin g ; and in sta llin g s h e e t-m e ta l a r t ic le s as re q u ire d . In
g e n e r a l, the w o rk o f the m a in ten an ce sh e e t-m e ta l w o r k e r r e q u ir e s rounded
train in g and e x p e r ie n c e u su ally a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r
equ ivalent tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

w ork o f a m a ch in e -to o l op e ra to r (to o lr o o m ) at the s k ill le v e l c a lle d fo r in
this c la s s ific a tio n r e q u ire s ex ten siv e k n ow ledge o f m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o l ­
r o o m p r a c tic e usu ally a cq u ired th rough c o n s id e r a b le o n -t h e -jo b train in g and
e x p e rie n c e .
F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , this c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu de m a ch in e -to o l o p e r a to rs (to o lr o o m ) em p lo y e d in t o o l and die job bin g
sh ops.
T O O L AND DIE M AKER
C on stru cts and re p a ir s ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o l s , g a u g es, or
m eta l d ie s or m old s u sed in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r n on m eta llic
m a te r ia l (e .g ., p la s tic , p la s te r, r u b b e r , g la s s ).
W ork ty p ic a lly in v o lv e s :
Planning and laying out w ork a c c o r d in g to m o d e ls , b lu e p rin ts , d ra w in g s, o r
oth er w ritten o r o r a l s p e c ific a tio n s ; understan din g the w ork in g p r o p e r t ie s of
c o m m o n m etals and a llo y s ; se le ctin g a p p ro p ria te m a t e r ia ls , t o o ls , and
p r o c e s s e s req u ired to com p lete ta sk ; m aking n e c e s s a r y shop com p u ta tion s;
setting up and operating v a riou s m a ch in e to o ls and r e la te d equ ipm ent; using
v a riou s to o l and die m a k e r 's handtools and p r e c is io n m ea su rin g in stru m en ts;
w orkin g to v e ry c lo s e to le r a n c e s ; h e a t-tre a tin g m eta l p a rts and fin ish ed to o ls
and d ies to a ch iev e re q u ire d q u a litie s; fitting and a s s e m b lin g p a rts to p r e ­
s c r ib e d to le ra n c e s and a llow a n ces.
In g e n e r a l, the t o o l and die m a k e r 's
w ork re q u ire s rounded trainin g in m a c h in e -s h o p and t o o lr o o m p r a c tic e
u su ally a cq u ire d through fo r m a l a p p re n tice s h ip o r equ ivalent train in g and
e x p e rie n c e .

M ILLW RIG H T
In sta lls new m a ch in es o r heavy equ ipm ent, and d ism a n tles and
in sta lls m a ch in es o r h eavy equipm ent when changes in the plant layout are
req u ired . W ork in v o lv e s m o s t o f the fo llo w in g : Planning and layin g out w ork ;
in terp retin g b lu ep rin ts o r oth e r s p e c ific a tio n s ; using a v a r ie ty o f handtools
and rig g in g ; m aking stan dard shop com pu tation s relatin g to s t r e s s e s , stren gth
o f m a te r ia ls , and c e n te r s o f g ra v ity ; aligning and ba la n cin g equ ipm ent;
se le ctin g stan dard t o o l s , equ ipm en t, and p a rts to be u sed ; and in sta llin g and
m aintaining in good o r d e r p o w e r tr a n s m is s io n equipm ent such as d r iv e s and
sp eed r e d u c e r s .
In g e n e r a l, the m illw r ig h t's w ork n o r m a lly r e q u ir e s a
rounded tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e in the tra d e a cq u ire d th rough a fo r m a l
a p p ren ticesh ip o r equ ivalen t tra in in g and e x p e r ie n c e .

F o r c r o s s -in d u s t r y w age study p u r p o s e s , this c la s s ific a t io n d oes not
in clu d e tool and die m a k ers who (1) a r e e m p lo y e d in to o l and die job bin g
shops or (2) p rod u ce forg in g d ies (d ie s in k e r s ).

M AINTENANCE TRADES H E L P E R
A s s is ts one o r m o r e w o rk e r s in the s k ille d m ain ten an ce t r a d e s , by
p e r fo rm in g s p e c ific o r g e n e r a l duties o f le s s e r s k ill, su ch as keepin g a
w o rk e r su pplied w ith m a te r ia ls and to o ls ; clean in g w ork in g a r e a , m a ch in e,
and equ ipm ent; a s s is tin g jou rn ey m a n by holding m a te r ia ls o r t o o ls ; and
p e r fo r m in g oth e r u n sk illed ta sk s as d ir e c te d by jou rn ey m a n . The kind o f
w ork the h e lp e r is p e r m itte d to p e r fo r m v a r ie s fr o m trad e to tra d e: In
som e tr a d e s the h e lp e r is con fin ed to su pplyin g, liftin g , and h olding m a te r ia ls
and t o o l s , and clean in g w ork in g a r e a s ; and in o th ers he is p erm itte d to
p e r fo r m s p e c ia liz e d m a ch in e o p e r a tio n s , o r pa rts o f a trad e that are a lso
p e r fo r m e d by w o r k e r s on a fu ll-tim e b a s is .

ST ATIO N AR Y ENGINEER
O perates and m aintains one o r m o r e sy ste m s w h ich p r o v id e an
estab lish m en t with such s e r v ic e s as h eat, a ir -c o n d itio n in g (c o o l, h u m id ify ,
deh um idify, filt e r , and c irc u la te a ir ), r e fr ig e r a t io n , stea m or h ig h -te m p e r a ­
tu re w a ter, o r e le c tr ic ity .
D uties in v o lv e :
O b serv in g and in terp retin g
read in g s on gau ges, m e t e r s , and ch a rts w hich r e g is t e r v a r io u s a s p e c ts o f
the s y s t e m 's op era tion ; adjusting c o n t r o ls to in su re sa fe and e ffic ie n t o p e r a ­
tion o f the sy stem and to m eet dem ands fo r the s e r v ic e p r o v id e d ; r e c o r d in g
in lo g s v a riou s a sp ects o f the s y s t e m 's o p e ra tio n ; keeping the en g in es,
m a ch in e ry , and equipm ent of the s y s te m in g ood w ork in g o r d e r .
M ay d ir e c t
and coord in a te a ctiv itie s o f oth er w o r k e r s (not sta tion a ry e n g in e e r s ) in p e r ­
fo rm in g tasks d ir e c tly rela ted to op era tin g and m aintaining the sy s te m or
sy ste m s .

M A C H IN E -T O O L O P E R A T O R (TO O LR O O M )
S p e c ia liz e s in op era tin g one o r m o r e than one type o f m a ch in e
to o l (e .g ., jig b o r e r , grin din g m a ch in e , engine lathe, m illin g m ach in e) to
m achine m eta l fo r use in m aking o r m aintaining ji g s , fix tu r e s , cutting t o o ls ,
g a u ges, o r m eta l d ies o r m o ld s u sed in shaping o r fo rm in g m eta l o r
n on m eta llic m a te r ia l ( e .g ., p la s t ic , p la s t e r , r u b b e r , g la s s ). W ork ty p ic a lly
in v o lv e s : P lanning and p e r fo r m in g d ifficu lt m ach in in g o p e ra tio n s w hich
req u ire c o m p lica te d setups o r a high d e g re e o f a c c u r a c y ; settin g up m ach in e
to o l o r to o ls (e .g ., in s ta ll cutting to o ls and adjust g u id e s, s to p s , w orkin g
ta b le s , and oth er c o n tr o ls to handle the s iz e o f sto ck to be m a ch in ed ;
d eterm in e p r o p e r fe e d s , s p e e d s , to o lin g , and op e ra tio n seq u en ce o r s e le c t
th ose p r e s c r ib e d in d ra w in g s, b lu e p r in ts , o r la y o u ts ); using a v a r ie ty o f
p r e c is io n m e a su rin g in stru m en ts; m aking n e c e s s a r y ad ju stm en ts during
m ach in in g o p e r a tio n to a ch iev e re q u isite d im en sion s to v e ry c lo s e t o le r a n c e s .
May be re q u ire d to s e le c t p r o p e r coola n ts and cutting and lu b rica tin g o ils ,
to r e c o g n iz e when to o ls n eed d r e s s in g , and to d r e s s to o ls . In g e n e r a l, the




The c la s s ific a tio n ex clu d es head o r c h ie f e n g in eers in esta b lish m en ts
em p loyin g m o r e than one e n g in eer; w o r k e r s r e q u ir e d to be sk ille d in the
r e p a ir o f e le c tr o n ic c o n tro l equ ipm ent; and w o r k e r s in esta b lish m en ts p r o ­
ducing e le c t r ic it y , steam , or h eated o r c o o le d a ir p r im a r ily fo r sale.
B O IL E R TEN DER
Tends one o r m o r e b o ile r s to p r o d u c e steam o r h ig h -te m p e ra tu re
w ater fo r u se in an estab lish m en t.
F ir e s b o ile r .
O b s e rv e s and in te r p r e ts
read in g s on gau ges, m e t e r s , and ch a rts w hich r e g is t e r v a rio u s a s p e c ts of
b o ile r operation. A dju sts c o n tro ls to in su re sa fe and e ffic ie n t b o ile r o p e r a ­
tion and to m eet dem ands fo r stea m o r h ig h -te m p e ra tu re w a ter.
M ay a ls o

38

B O I L E R T E N D E R — C o n tin u e d

S H IP P E R A N D R E C E IV E R — C o n tin u e d

do one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g : M aintain a log in w hich v a rio u s a s p e c ts
o f b o i le r op e ra tio n a r e r e c o r d e d ; clea n , o il, m ake m in or r e p a ir s o r a s s is t
in r e p a ir s to b o i le r r o o m equ ipm ent; and, follow in g p r e s c r ib e d m eth od s,
tr e a t b o ile r w a ter w ith c h e m ic a ls and an alyze b o ile r w ater fo r such things
as a c id ity , c a u s tic it y , and alk alin ity.

r e c e ip t s , o r oth er r e c o r d s ; ch eck in g fo r dam aged g o o d s; insuring that
good s a r e a p p ro p r ia te ly id en tified fo r routing to departm en ts within the
esta b lish m en t; p rep a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s of g ood s r e ce iv e d .
F o r w age study p u rp o s e s , w o rk e r s a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :

The c la s s ific a t io n e x clu d e s w o rk e r s in estab lish m en ts p rodu ctin g
e le c t r ic it y , s te a m , o r h eated o r c o o le d a ir p r im a r ily fo r sa le.

Shipper
R e c e iv e r
Sh ipper and r e c e iv e r

Material Movement and Custodial

WAREHOUSEMAN
T R U C K D R IV E R
A s d ir e c te d , p e r fo r m s a v a r ie ty of w a reh ou sin g duties w hich req u ire
an understanding o f the esta b lis h m e n t's sto ra g e plan.
W ork in volves m ost
o f the fo llo w in g :
V e rify in g m a te r ia ls (or m e rch a n d ise ) against receiv in g
d ocu m en ts, noting and rep ortin g d is c r e p a n c ie s and obviou s da m ag es; routing
m a te r ia ls to p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e lo c a tio n s ; s to rin g , stack in g, or palletizin g
m a te r ia ls in a c c o r d a n c e with p r e s c r ib e d sto ra g e m eth od s; rearra n gin g and
taking in v en tory o f sto re d m a te r ia ls ; exam ining sto re d m a te ria ls and r e ­
portin g d e te r io r a tio n and dam age; rem ov in g m a te r ia l fr o m stora g e and
p rep a rin g it fo r shipm ent.
M ay op era te hand or p ow er tru ck s in p erform in g
w areh ou sin g du ties.

D r iv e s a tr u c k w ithin a city o r in du strial a r e a to tr a n sp o rt
m a t e r ia ls , m e r c h a n d is e , equ ipm en t, or w o rk e r s betw een v a rio u s types of
esta b lis h m e n ts su ch a s : M an ufacturin g plants, freigh t d e p o ts, w a r e h o u se s ,
w h o le s a le and r e ta il e sta b lis h m e n ts , or betw een reta il esta b lish m en ts and
c u s t o m e r s ' h ou ses o r p la c e s o f b u sin e s s.
M ay a lso loa d o r unload tr u ck
w ith o r w ithout h e lp e r s , m ake m in o r m ech a n ica l r e p a ir s , and keep tru ck in
g oo d w ork in g o r d e r .
S a le s ro u te and o v e r -t h e -r o a d d r iv e r s a re e x clu d e d .
F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , tr u ck d r iv e rs a re c la s s ifie d by type and
ra ted c a p a c ity o f tr u c k , as fo llo w s :
T r u c k d r iv e r , lig h t tr u ck
(stra ig h t tr u ck , u nder IV 2 ton s, u su ally 4 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , m ed iu m tru ck
(stra ig h t tr u ck , IV 2 to 4 tons in clu s iv e , usu ally 6 w h e e ls)
T r u c k d r iv e r , h eav y tr u ck
(stra ig h t tr u c k , o v e r 4 to n s, u su ally 10 w h eels)
T r u c k d r iv e r , t r a c t o r - t r a il e r

E x clu de w o r k e r s w h ose p r im a ry duties in volve shipping and r e ­
ce iv in g w ork (s e e Sh ipper and R e c e iv e r and Shipping P a c k e r ), o r d e r fillin g
(s e e O rd er F il le r ) , o r operating p ow er tru ck s (s e e P o w e r -T r u c k O pera tor).
ORDER F IL L E R
F ills shipping o r tr a n s fe r o r d e r s fo r fin ish ed goods fr o m stored
m e r c h a n d ise in a c c o r d a n c e with s p e c ific a tio n s on sa le s s lip s , c u s to m e r s '
o r d e r s , o r oth er in stru ctio n s.
M ay, in addition to fillin g o r d e rs and in ­
dicatin g ite m s fille d o r om itted , keep r e c o r d s of outgoing o r d e r s , req u isition
ad dition a l s to ck or r e p o r t sh ort su pplies to s u p e r v is o r , and p e r fo r m other
re la te d du ties.

S H IP P E R AND R E C E IV E R
P e r fo r m s c l e r i c a l and p h y sica l tasks in con n ection w ith shipping
g ood s o f the esta b lis h m e n t in w hich em p loyed and r e c e iv in g in com in g
sh ip m en ts.
In p e r fo r m in g d a y -to -d a y , routine ta sk s, fo llo w s esta b lish ed
g u id e lin e s.
In handling unusual nonroutine p r o b le m s , r e c e iv e s s p e c ific g u id ­
a n ce f r o m s u p e r v is o r o r oth er o ffic ia ls .
M ay d ir e c t and c o o rd in a te the
a c tiv it ie s o f oth er w o r k e r s en gaged in handling g oods to be shipped or being
r e c e iv e d .

SHIPPING P A C K E R
P r e p a r e s fin ish ed p rod u cts fo r shipm ent or sto ra g e by placing them
in shipping c o n ta in e rs , the s p e c ific op era tion s p e r fo r m e d being dependent
upon the typ e, s iz e , and num ber o f units to be p a ck ed, the type o f con tain er
e m p lo y e d , and m ethod o f shipm ent.
W ork r e q u ir e s the placing o f item s in
shipping co n ta in e rs and m a y in v olv e one or m o r e o f the follow in g : K now ledge
o f v a r io u s item s o f s to ck in o r d e r to v e r ify content; s e le c tio n o f ap p rop ria te
type and s iz e o f co n ta in e r; in sertin g e n c lo s u r e s in co n ta in e r; using e x c e ls io r
o r oth er m a te r ia l to preven t brea k a ge o r d a m age; c lo s in g and sealing
c o n ta in e r; and applying la b e ls or en tering iden tifyin g data on con tain er.
P a c k e r s who a ls o m ake w ooden b ox es o r c r a te s a r e exclu ded.

S h ip p ers ty p ic a lly a r e re s p o n s ib le fo r m ost o f the fo llo w in g :
V e r ify in g that o r d e r s a r e a c c u r a t e ly fille d by com p a rin g item s and quantities
o f g o o d s g a th e re d fo r sh ipm ent again st docu m en ts; insuring that shipm ents
a r e p r o p e r ly p a ck a g e d , id e n tifie d with shipping in form a tion , and loa d ed into
tr a n s p o rtin g v e h ic le s ; p rep a rin g and keeping r e c o r d s of g ood s sh ipp ed, e .g .,
m a n ife s ts , b ills o f la din g.
R e c e iv e r s ty p ic a lly a r e r e sp o n sib le fo r m ost of the fo llo w in g :
V e r ify in g the c o r r e c t n e s s o f in com in g shipm ents by com p a rin g item s and
qu an tities u n loa ded a g a in st b ills o f ladin g, in v o ic e s , m a n ife s ts , s to ra g e




39

M A T E R I A L H A N D L IN G L A B O R E R

GU A R D — C on tin u e d

A w o r k e r e m p lo y e d in a w a r e h o u se , m a n u factu rin g plan t, s t o r e , o r
oth e r esta b lis h m e n t w h ose duties in v olv e one o r m o r e o f the fo llo w in g :
L oading and unloading v a r io u s rtiaterials and m e r c h a n d ise on o r fr o m fre ig h t
c a r s , tr u c k s , o r o th e r tra n sp o rtin g d e v ic e s ; unpacking, s h e lv in g , o r p la cin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e in p r o p e r s to ra g e lo c a tio n ; and tr a n sp o rtin g
m a te r ia ls o r m e r c h a n d is e by han dtruck, c a r , o r w h e e lb a r r o w .
L o n g s h o re
w o r k e r s , w ho loa d and unload sh ip s , are e x c lu d e d .

G uards em p loyed by e sta b lis h m e n ts w h ich p r o v id e p r o te c tiv e s e r ­
v ic e s on a con tra ct b a sis are in clu d ed in th is o ccu p a tio n .

P O W E R -T R U C K O P E R A T O R
O p e ra te s a m a n u ally c o n t r o lle d g a s o lin e - o r e le c t r ic -p o w e r e d tru ck
o r t r a c t o r to tr a n s p o rt g ood s and m a te r ia ls o f a ll kinds about a w a r e h o u s e ,
m a n u factu rin g plant, o r oth e r esta b lis h m e n t.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , guards a r e c la s s ifie d as fo llo w s :
C lass A . E n fo rc e s reg u la tion s d e s ig n e d to p rev en t b r e a c h e s o f
s e c u r it y .
E x e r c is e s judgm ent and u ses d is c r e t io n in dea lin g w ith e m e r ­
g e n c ie s and se c u rity v iola tion s en co u n te re d .
D eterm in es w h eth er fir s t
re sp o n se should be to in terven e d ir e c tly (askin g f o r a s s is ta n c e when d eem ed
n e c e s s a r y and tim e a llo w s ), to k eep situ ation u nder s u r v e illa n c e , o r to r e ­
p o r t situation so that it can be h andled by a p p ro p ria te au th ority .
D uties
re q u ire s p e c ia liz e d train in g in m eth od s and tech n iq u es o f p r o te c tin g s e c u r ity
a r e a s . C om m on ly , the guard is r e q u ire d to d em on stra te continuing p h y s ic a l
fitn e s s and p r o fic ie n c y with fir e a r m s o r oth er s p e c ia l w ea p on s.
C la ss B . C a r r ie s out in s tru ctio n s p r im a r ily o r ie n te d to w a rd in ­
su rin g that e m e r g e n c ie s and s e c u r ity v io la tio n s a re r e a d ily d is c o v e r e d and
r e p o rte d to ap propriate authority. In terv en es d ir e c tly on ly in situ ation s w h ich
re q u ire m in im al action to sa feg u a rd p r o p e r ty o r p e r s o n s .
D uties re q u ire
m in im a l train in g.
C om m on ly , the gu a rd is not re q u ire d to d em on stra te
p h y s ic a l fitn e s s. M ay be a rm ed , but g e n e r a lly is not r e q u ire d to d em on stra te
p r o fic ie n c y in the use o f fir e a r m s o r s p e c ia l w ea p on s.

F o r w age study p u r p o s e s , w o r k e r s a r e c la s s ifie d by type o f p o w e r tr u ck , as fo llo w s :
F o r k lift o p e r a t o r
P o w e r -t r u c k o p e r a t o r (oth er than fo r k lift)

JA N IT O R , P O R T E R , O R C LE A N E R
Cleans and keeps in an o r d e r ly con d ition fa c to r y w ork in g a r e a s and
w a s h r o o m s , o r p r e m is e s o f an o f f i c e , ap artm en t h ou se, o r c o m m e r c ia l o r
oth e r esta b lish m en t. Duties in volve a co m b in a tio n o f the fo llo w in g : Sw eeping,
m op pin g o r scru b b in g , and p olish in g f lo o r s ; r e m o v in g c h ip s , tr a s h , and oth e r
r e fu s e ; dusting equ ipm ent, fu rn itu re , o r fix tu r e s ; p o lish in g m eta l fix tu re s o r
tr im m in g s ; p rovid in g su pplies and m in o r m a in ten an ce s e r v ic e s ; and clean in g,
la v a t o r ie s , s h o w e rs , and r e s t r o o m s . W o r k e r s who s p e c ia liz e in w indow
w ashing are e x clu d e d .

GUARD
P r o t e c t s p r o p e r ty fr o m th eft o r d a m a g e, o r p e r s o n s fr o m h aza rd s
o r in te r fe r e n c e . D uties in v olv e se r v in g at a fix e d p o s t, m aking rounds on
foot o r by m o t o r v e h ic le , o r e s c o r tin g p e r s o n s o r p r o p e r ty . M ay be depu tized
to m ake a r r e s t s .
M ay a lso h elp v is it o r s and c u s to m e r s by an sw erin g
q u estion s and g ivin g d ir e c tio n s .




40

Area Wage
Surveys
A lis t o f the la te s t b u lletin s av ailab le is p resen ted below . B u lletin s
m a y be p u rc h a se d fr o m any o f the BLS reg ion a l o ffic e s shown on the ba ck
c o v e r , o r fr o m the Su perin ten den t o f D ocu m en ts, U.S. G overn m en t P rin tin g
O ffic e , W ashington, D .C . 20402. Make ch eck s payable to Superintendent o f
D ocu m en ts.
A d ir e c t o r y o f o ccu p a tio n a l w age su rvey s, c o v e r in g the y e a r s
1970 th rough 1977, is a v a ila b le on requ est.

A rea
A k ron , O hio, D e c . 1978 _______________________________________
A lban y— ch en ecta d y —T r o y , N .Y ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 1_______________
S
A n a h eim —
Santa Anar-G arden G ro v e ,
C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ____________________________________________
A tlanta, G a ., M ay 1979_______________________________________
B a ltim o r e , M d., Aug. 1978 1 _________________________________
B illin g s , M ont., July 1 9 7 8 ____________________________________
B irm in g h a m , A la ., M ar. 1 9 7 8 ________________________________
B oston , M a s s ., Aug. 1 9 7 8 1___________________________________
B u ffa lo, N .Y ., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1_____________________________________
Canton, O hio, M ay 19 7 8 _______________________________________
C h attanooga, T en n.— a., Sept. 1978 1________________________
G
C h ic a g o , 111., M ay 1979_______________________________________
C in cin n a ti, O hio—
Ky.—In d ., July 19 7 8 ________________________
C lev ela n d , O hio, Sept. 1 9 7 8 __________________________________
C olu m b u s, O hio, O ct. 1978 1 _________________________________
C o rp u s C h r is ti, T e x ., July 1 9 7 8 _____________________________
D a ll a s -F o r t W orth, T e x ., O ct. 1978 1________________________
D aven port—R o c k Island— olin e, Iowa—
M
111., F eb . 1979______
D ayton, O hio, D e c . 1978 ______________________________________
D aytona B ea ch , F la ., A u g. 1978 _____________________________
D env ei^ -B ou ld er, C o lo ., D e c . 1 9 7 8 __________________________
D e tr o it, M ich ., M ar. 1979 1 __________________________________
F r e s n o , C a lif., J u n e l 9 7 8 1___________________________________
G a in e s v ille , F la ., Sept. 1978 _________________________________
G ary— am m ond— a st C h ic a g o , Ind., Aug. 1979 1___________
H
E
G re e n Bay, W is ., July 1 9 7 8 1 _________________________________
G r e e n s b o r o — in sto n -S a le m —
W
High P oint,
N .C ., Aug. 19 7 8 _______________________________________________
G r e e n v ille — p artan bu rg, S .C ., June 1978 ___________________
S
H a r tfo r d , C on n ., M a r. 1979__________________________________
H ou ston , T e x ., A p r . 1979_____________________________________
H u n tsv ille, A la ., F e b . 1979___________________________________
In dia n a p olis, Ind., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 ________________________________
J a ck son , M is s ., Jan. 1979 1 __________________________________
J a c k s o n v ille , F la ., D e c. 1978 ________________________________
K an sas C ity, M o .-K a n s ., Sept. 1 9 7 8 _________________________
L os A n g e le s —Long B ea ch , C a lif., O ct. 1 9 7 8 1 _______________
L o u is v ille , K y .-In d ., N ov. 1 9 7 8 ______________________________
M em p h is, Tenn.— r k .— i s s ., N ov. 1978 ____________________
A
M




B u lletin num ber
and p r ic e *
2 0 25 -63, $ 1 .0 0
20 25 -58, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -65, $ 1 .3 0
2 0 50 -20, $ 1 .3 0
2 0 25 -50, $ 1 .5 0
20 25 -38, $ 1 .0 0
20 25 -15, 80 cen ts
20 25 -43, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 25 -71, $ 1 .3 0
20 25 -22, 70 cen ts
2 0 25 -51, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 5 0 -2 1 , $ 1 .7 5
2 0 25 -39, $ 1 .1 0
20 25 -49, $ 1 .3 0
20 25 -59, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 2 5 -2 9 , $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -52, $ 1 .5 0
2 0 50 -10, $ 1 .0 0
20 25 -66, $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -48, $ 1 .0 0
2 0 25 -68, $ 1 .2 0
20 5 0 -7 , $ 1 .5 0
20 25 -31, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -45, $ 1 .0 0
(To be surveyed)
2 0 25 -41, $ 1 .2 0
2 0 25 -46,
2 0 25 -30,
2 0 5 0 -1 2 ,
2 0 50 -15,
2 0 5 0 -3 ,
2 0 25 -57,
2 0 5 0 -9 ,
2 0 25 -67,
20 2 5 -5 3 ,
2 0 25 -61,
2 0 2 5 -6 9 ,
2 0 25 -62,

$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .1 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .2 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1 .3 0
$ 1 .5 0
$ 1 .0 0
$ 1.00

A rea
M iam i, F la ., Oct. 1978 1
________________________________________
M ilw aukee, W is., A p r. 1979___________________________________
M in n eap olis—
St. Paul, M inn.—W is., Jan. 1979________________
N assau—
Suffolk, N .Y ., June 1978 1_____________________________
N ew ark, N .J ., Jan. 1979________________________________________
New O rlea n s, L a., Jan. 1979 1________________________________
New Y ork, N .Y .-N .J ., M a y l 9 7 8 1 _____________________________
N orfolk —V irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th , Va.—
P
N .C ., M ay 1979 1_____________________________________________
N orfolk — irg in ia B each— ortsm ou th and
V
P
N ew port News—
Ham pton, Va.—N .C ., M ay 197 8 --------------------N orth east P en n sylva n ia , Aug. 1978 -----------------------------------------O klahom a C ity, O k la ., Aug. 19 7 8 ______________________________
Omaha, N eb r.—
Iowa, Oct. 19 7 8 ________________________________
P a te rs o n — lifton — a s s a ic , N .J., June 1978 1____________ _____
C
P
P h ila delph ia, P a .-N .J ., Nov. 1978 ____________________________
P ittsb u rg h , P a ., Jan. 1979 1___________________________________
P ortla n d , M aine, D ec. 1 9 7 8 1 __________________________________
P ortla n d , O reg .—W ash., M ay 1978 ____________________________
P ou gh k eep sie, N. Y ., June 1978 1_______________________________
P ou g h k eep sie— ingston—
K
New burgh, N .Y ., June 1978 1 _______
P r o v id e n c e — arw ick—
W
Paw tucket, R .I.—
M a s s ., June 19 78______________________________________________
R ich m on d, V a., June 19 7 8 _____________________________________
St. L ou is, M o.—111., M ar. 1979 1_______________________________
S a cra m en to, C a lif., D ec. 1978 ________________________________
Saginaw, M ich ., Nov. 1978 _____________________________________
Salt Lake C ity -O g d en , Utah, Nov. 1 9 7 8 * _____________________
San A ntonio, T e x ., M ay 1979___________________________________
San D iego, C a lif., Nov. 19 78___________________________________
San F r a n c is c o —
Oakland, C a lif., M ar. 1979___________________
San J ose, C a lif., M ar. 1979____________________________________
Seattle— v erett, W ash., D ec. 19 7 8 ____________________________
E
South Bend, Ind., Aug. 19 78____________________________________
T o le d o , Ohio— ich ., M ay 1979________________________________
M
T ren ton , N .J., Sept. 1978 1 _____________________________________
U tica -R o m e , N .Y ., July 19 78__________________________________
W ashington, D .C .- M d .- V a ., M ar. 1979________________________
W ich ita, K a n s., A p r. 1979_____________________________________
W o r c e s te r , M a s s ., A p r. 1978 1________________________________
Y ork , P a ., F eb . 1979____________________________________________

Bulletin num ber
and p r ic e *
20 25 -60, $ 1 .3 0
2050 -8, $1 .3 0
2050 -1, $1 .3 0
2025-33, $ 1 .3 0
2050 -5, $1 .3 0
20 50 -2, $ 1.30
2025-35, $ 1 .5 0
2050-22, $ 1 .7 5
2025-21, 80 cents
2025-47, $ 1 .0 0
20 25 -40,
$ 1 .0 0
2025-56,
$ 1 .0 0
2025-36,
$ 1 .2 0
2025-54, $ 1 .3 0
20 50 -11,
$1 .5 0
20 25 -70,
$ 1 .2 0
2025-25,
$ 1 .0 0
2025-37,
$1 .1 0
2025-42,
$ 1 .2 0
2025-27,
$ 1 .4 0
2025-26,
80 cents
2050-13,
$ 1 .5 0
2025-75,
$ 1 .0 0
2025-64,
$ 1.00
2025-72,
$ 1 .3 0
2050-17,
$1 .00
2025-73,
$ 1 .0 0
2050-14,
$1 .2 0
2050-19,
$ 1 .1 0
2025-74,
$1 .0 0
2025-44,
$ 1 .0 0
2050-16,
$1 .1 0
2025-55,
$ 1 .2 0
2025-34,
$ 1 .0 0
2050-4, $ 1 .2 0
2050-18,
$ 1 .0 0
2025-19,
$ 1 .1 0
2050-6, $1 .0 0

* Prices are determined by the Government Printing Office and are subject to change.
1 Data on establishment practices and supplementary wage provisions are also presented.

U.S. Department of Labor
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Washington, D.C. 20212

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Lab-441

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